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  • 1913
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craser to crush. See Crase, Craze.]
1. To craze. [Obs.]
2. To impair; to destroy. [Obs.]
X AOcra6siOa (#), Ac6raOsy (#) } n. [Gr. ?.] Excess; intemperance. [Obs. except in Med.]
X AOcras6peOda (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? border.] (Zol.) A group of acalephs, including most of the larger jellyfishes; the Discophora.
A6cre (#), n. [OE. aker, AS. cer; akin to OS. accar, OHG. achar, Ger. acker, Icel. akr, Sw. ker, Dan. ager, Goth. akrs, L. ager, Gr. ?, Skr. ajra. ?.] 1. Any field of arable or pasture land. [Obs.]
2. A piece of land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 square feet. This is the English statute acre. That of the United States is the same. The Scotch acre was about 1.26 of the English, and the Irish 1.62 of the English.
5 The acre was limited to its present definite quantity by statutes of Edward I., Edward III., and Henry VIII. Broad acres, many acres, much landed estate. [Rhetorical] P God’s acre, God’s field; the churchyard. I like that ancient Saxon phrase, which calls The burial ground, God’s acre.
A6creOaOble (#), a. Of an acre; per acre; as, the acreable produce.
A6creOage (#), n. Acres collectively; as, the acreage of a farm or a country.
A6cred (#), a. Possessing acres or landed property; P used in composition; as, largePacred men.
Ac6rid (#), a. [L. acer sharp; prob. assimilated in form to acid. See Eager.] 1. Sharp and harsh, or bitter and not, to the taste; pungent; as, acrid salts.
2. Causing heat and irritation; corrosive; as, acrid secretions.
3. Caustic; bitter; bitterly irritating; as, acrid temper, mind, writing.
Acrid poison, a poison which irritates, corrodes, or burns the parts to which it is applied.
AOcrid6iOty (#), Ac6ridOness (#) } n. The quality of being acrid or pungent; irritant bitterness; acrimony; as, the acridity of a plant, of a speech.
Ac6ridOly (#), adv. In an acid manner. Ac6riOmo6niOous (#), a. [Cf. LL. acrimonious, F. acrimonieux.] 1. Acrid; corrosive; as, acrimonious gall. [Archaic]
2. Caustic; bitterPtempered’ sarcastic; as, acrimonious dispute, language, temper.
Ac7riOmo6niOousOly, adv. In an acrimonious manner. Ac7riOmo6niOousOness, n. The quality of being acrimonious; asperity; acrimony.
Ac6riOmoOny (#), n.; pl. Acrimonies (#). [L. acrimonia, fr. acer, sharp: cf. F. acrimonie.] 1. A quality of bodies which corrodes or destroys others; also, a harsh or biting sharpness; as, the acrimony of the juices of certain plants. [Archaic]
2. Sharpness or severity, as of language or temper; irritating bitterness of disposition or manners. John the Baptist set himself with much acrimony and indignation to baffle this senseless arrogant conceit of theirs.
Syn. P Acrimony, Asperity, Harshness, Tartness. These words express different degrees of angry feeling or language. Asperity and harshness arise from angry feelings, connected with a disregard for the feelings of others. Harshness usually denotes needless severity or an undue measure of severity. Acrimony is a biting sharpness produced by an imbittered spirit. Tartness denotes slight asperity and implies some degree of intellectual readiness. Tartness of reply; harshness of accusation; acrimony of invective. In his official letters he expressed, with great acrimony, his contempt for the king’s character.
It is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received.
A just reverence of mankind prevents the growth of harshness and brutality.
X AOcris6iOa (#), Ac6riOsy (#), } n. [LL. acrisia, Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? to separate, to decide.] 1. Inability to judge. 2. (Med.) Undecided character of a disease. [Obs.] X Ac6riOta (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? indiscernible; ? priv. + ? to distinguish.] (Zol.) The lowest groups of animals, in which no nervous system has been observed. Ac6riOtan (#), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Acrita. P n. An individual of the Acrita.
Ac6rite (#), a. (Zol.) Acritan.
AOcrit6icOal (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? critical.] (Med.) Having no crisis; giving no indications of a crisis; as, acritical symptoms, an acritical abscess. Ac7riOtoOchro6maOcy (#), n. [Gr. ? undistinguishable; ? priv. + ? to separate, distinguish + ? color.] Color blindness; achromatopsy.
Ac6riOtude (#), n. [L. acritudo, from acer sharp.] Acridity; pungency joined with heat. [Obs.]
Ac6riOty (#), n. [L. acritas, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. cret.] Sharpness; keenness. [Obs.]
Ac7roOaOmat6ic (#), Ac7roOaOmat6icOal (#), } a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to hear.] Communicated orally; oral; P applied to the esoteric teachings of Aristotle, those intended for his genuine disciples, in distinction from his exoteric doctrines, which were adapted to outsiders or the public generally. Hence: Abstruse; profound.
Ac7roOat6ic (#), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to hear.] Same as Acroamatic.
Ac6roObat (#), n. [F. acrobate, fr. Gr. ? walking on tiptoe, climbing aloft; ? high + ? to go.] One who practices rope dancing, high vaulting, or other daring gymnastic feats. Ac7roObat6ic (#), a. [Cf. F. acrobatique.] Pertaining to an acrobat. P Ac7roObat6icOalOly, adv.
Ac6roObatOism (#), n. Feats of the acrobat; daring gymnastic feats; high vaulting.
Ac7roOcar6pous (#), a. [Gr. ? extreme, highest + ? fruit.] (Bot.) (a) Having a terminal fructification; having the fruit at the end of the stalk. (b) Having the fruit stalks at the end of a leafy stem, as in certain mosses. Ac7roOceOphal6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? highest + ?. See Cephalic.] Characterized by a high skull.
Ac7roOcerph6aOly (#), n. Loftiness of skull. Ac7roOceOrau6niOan (#), a. [L. acroceraunius, fr. Gr. ? high, n. pl. ? heights + ? thunderbolt.] Of or pertaining to the high mountain range of =thunderPsmitten8 peaks (now Kimara), between Epirus and Macedonia.
X Ac7roOdac6tylOum (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? topmost + ? finger.] (Zol.) The upper surface of the toes, individually.
Ac6roOdont (#), n. [Gr. ? summit + ?, ?, a tooth.] (Zol.) One of a group of lizards having the teeth immovably united to the top of the alveolar ridge. P a. Of or pertaining to the acrodonts.
Ac6roOgen (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme, high + Ogen.] Ac6roOgen (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme, high + Ogen.] (Bot.) A plant of the highest class of cryptograms, including the ferns, etc. See Cryptogamia.
The Age of Acrogens (Geol.), the age of coal plants, or the carboniferous era.
AcOrog6eOnous (#), a. (Bot.) Increasing by growth from the extremity; as, an acrogenous plant.
AOcro6leOin (#), n. [L. acer sharp + ol?re to smell.] (Chem.) A limpid, colorless, highly volatile liquid, obtained by the dehydration of glycerin, or the destructive distillation of neutral fats containing glycerin. Its vapors are intensely irritating.
Ac6roOlith (#), n. [L. acrolthus, Gr. ? with the ends made of stone; ? extreme + ? stone.] (Arch. & Sculp.) A statue whose extremities are of stone, the trunk being generally of wood.
AOcrol6iOthan (#), Ac7roOlith6ic (#), } a. Pertaining to, or like, an acrolith.
Ac7roOmeg6aOly (#), n. [NL. acromegalia, fr. Gr. ? point, peak + ?, ?, big.] (Med.) Chronic enlargement of the extreinities and face.
AOcro6miOal (#), a. [Cf. F. acromial.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the acromion.
X AOcro6miOon (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? extreme + ? shoulder: cf. F. acromion.] (Anat.) The outer extremity of the shoulder blade.
Ac7roOmon7oOgramOmat6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? extreme + ? alone + ? a letter.] Having each verse begin with the same letter as that with which the preceding verse ends. AOcron6yc (#), AOcron6ychOal (#), } a. [Gr. ? at nightfall; ? + ? night.] (Astron.) Rising at sunset and setting at sunrise, as a star; P opposed to cosmical. 5 The word is sometimes incorrectly written acronical, achronychal, acronichal, and acronical.
AOcron6ycOalOly, adv. In an acronycal manner as rising at the setting of the sun, and vise vers.
Ac6roOnyc6tous (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? + ?, ?, night.] (Astron.) Acronycal.
AOcrook6 (#), adv. Crookedly. [R.]
AOcrope6eOtal (#), a. [Gr. ? summit + L. petere to seek.] (Bot.) Developing from below towards the apex, or from the circumference towards the center; centripetal; P said of certain inflorescence.
AOchroph6oOny (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme + ? sound.] The use of a picture symbol of an object to represent phonetically the initial sound of the name of the object. X Ac7roOpo6diOum (#), n. [Gr. ? topmost + ?, ?, foot.] (Zol.) The entire upper surface of the foot. AOcrop6oOlis (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? extreme + ? city.] The upper part, or the citadel, of a Grecian city; especially, the citadel of Athens.
Ac6roOpol6iOtan (#), a. Pertaining to an acropolis. Ac6roOspire (#), n. [Gr. ? + ? anything twisted.] (Bot.) The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; P so called from its spiral form. Ac6roOspire, v. i. To put forth the first sprout. Ac6roOspore (#), n. [Gr. ? + ? fruit.] (Bot.) A spore borne at the extremity of the cells of fructification in fungi. Ac6roOspor6ous (#), a. Having acrospores. AOcross6 (#; 115), prep. [Pref. aO + cross: cf. F. en croix. See Cross, n.] From side to side; athwart; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length; quite over; as, a bridge laid across a river.
To come across, to come upon or meet incidentally. Freeman. P To go across the country, to go by a direct course across a region without following the roads.
AOcross6, adv. 1. From side to side; crosswise; as, with arms folded across.
2. Obliquely; athwart; amiss; awry. [Obs.] The squintPeyed Pharisees look across at all the actions of Christ.
Bp. Hall.
AOcros6tic (#)(#), n. [Gr. ?; ? extreme + ? order, line, verse.] 1. A composition, usually in verse, in which the first or the last letters of the lines, or certain other letters, taken in order, form a name, word, phrase, or motto.
2. A Hebrew poem in which the lines or stanzas begin with the letters of the alphabet in regular order (as Psalm cxix.). See Abecedarian.
Double acrostic, a species of enigma<– crossword puzzle
–>, in which words are to be guessed whose initial and final letters form other words.
AOcros6tic (#), AOcros6tiOal (#), } n. Pertaining to, or characterized by, acrostics.
AOcros6ticOalOly, adv. After the manner of an acrostic. X Ac7roOtar6siOum (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? topmost + ? tarsus.] (Zol.) The instep or front of the tarsus.

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Ac7roOteOleu6tic (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme + ? end.] (Eccles.) The end of a verse or psalm, or something added thereto, to be sung by the people, by way of a response. Ac6roOter (#), n. [F. acrot
re. See Acroterium.] (Arch.)
Same as Acroterium.
Ac7roOte6riOal (#), a. Pertaining to an acroterium; as, ornaments.
P. Cyc.
X Ac7roOte7riOum (#), n.; pl. Acroteria (#). [L., fr. Gr. ? summit, fr. ? topmost.] (Arch.) (a) One of the small pedestals, for statues or other ornaments, placed on the apex and at the basal angles of a pediment. Acroteria are also sometimes placed upon the gables in Gothic architecture. J. H. Parker. (b) One of the pedestals, for vases or statues, forming a part roof balustrade. AOcrot6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? an extreme, fr. ?.] (Med.) Pertaining to or affecting the surface.
Ac6roOtism (#), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a rattling, beating.] (Med.) Lack or defect of pulsation.
AOcrot6oOmous (#), a. [Gr. ? cut off sharp; ? extreme + ? to cut.] (Min.) Having a cleavage parallel with the base. AOcryl6ic (#), a. (Chem.) Of or containing acryl, the hypothetical radical of which acrolein is the hydride; as, acrylic acid.
Act (#), n. [L. actus, fr. agere to drive, do: cf. F. acte. See Agent.] 1. That which is done or doing; the exercise of power, or the effect, of which power exerted is the cause; a performance; a deed.
That best portion of a good man’s life, His little, nameless, unremembered acts
Of kindness and of love.
Hence, in specific uses: (a) The result of public deliberation; the decision or determination of a legislative body, council, court of justice, etc.; a decree, edit, law, judgment, resolve, award; as, an act of Parliament, or of Congress. (b) A formal solemn writing, expressing that something has been done. Abbott. (c) A performance of part of a play; one of the principal divisions of a play or dramatic work in which a certain definite part of the action is completed. (d) A thesis maintained in public, in some English universities, by a candidate for a degree, or to show the proficiency of a student.
2. A state of reality or real existence as opposed to a possibility or possible existence. [Obs.] The seeds of plants are not at first in act, but in possibility, what they afterward grow to be. Hooker.
3. Process of doing; action. In act, in the very doing; on the point of (doing). =In act to shoot.8 Dryden.
This woman was taken… in the very act. John viii. 4.
Act of attainder. (Law) See Attainder. P Act of bankruptcy (Law), an act of a debtor which renders him liable to be adjudged a bankrupt. P Act of faith. (Ch. Hist.) See AutoPdaPF?. P Act of God (Law), an inevitable accident; such extraordinary interruption of the usual course of events as is no to be looked for in advance, and against which ordinary prudence could not guard. – Act of grace, an expression often used to designate an act declaring pardon amnesty to numerous offenders, as at the beginning, of a new reign. – Act of indemnity, a statute passed for the protection of those who have committed some illegal act subjecting them to penalties. Abbott. – Act in pais, a thing done out of court (anciently, in the country), and not a matter of record.
Syn. P See Action.
Act, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acting.] [L. actus, p. p. of agere to drive, lead, do; but influenced by E. act, n.] 1. To move to action; to actuate; to animate. [Obs.]
SelfPlove, the spring of motion, acts the soul. Pope.
2. To perform; to execute; to do. [Archaic] That we act our temporal affairs with a desire no greater than our necessity.
Jer. Taylor.
Industry doth beget by producing good habits, and facility of acting things expedient for us to do. Barrow.
Uplifted hands that at convenient times Could act extortion and the worst of crimes. Cowper.
3. To perform, as an actor; to represent dramatically on the stage.
4. To assume the office or character of; to play; to personate; as, to act the hero.
5. To feign or counterfeit; to simulate. With acted fear the villain thus pursued. Dryden.
To act a part, to sustain the part of one of the characters in a play; hence, to simulate; to dissemble. – To act the part of, to take the character of; to fulfill the duties of. Act, v. i. 1.To exert power; to produce an effect; as, the stomach acts upon food.
2. To perform actions; to fulfill functions; to put forth energy; to move, as opposed to remaining at rest; to carry into effect a determination of the will. He hangs between, in doubt to act or rest. Pope.
3. To behave or conduct, as in morals, private duties, or public offices; to bear or deport one’s self; as, we know not why he has acted so.
4. To perform on the stage; to represent a character. To show the world how Garrick did not act. Cowper.
To act as or for, to do the work of; to serve as. – To act on, to regulate one’s conduct according to. – To act up to, to equal in action; to fulfill in practice; as, he has acted up to his engagement or his advantages.<– to act up, to
misbehave –>
Act6aOble (#), a. Capable of being acted. Tennyson.
Ac6tiOnal (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray.] (Zol.) Pertaining to the part of a radiate animal which contains the mouth. L. Agassiz.
X Ac7tiOna6riOa (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ?, ?, ray.] (Zol.) A large division of Anthozoa, including those which have simple tentacles and do not form stony corals. Sometimes, in a wider sense, applied to all the Anthozoa, expert the Alcyonaria, whether forming corals or not. Act6ing (#), a. 1. Operating in any way. 2. Doing duty for another; officiating; as, an superintendent.
X AcOtin6iOa (#), n.; pl. L. Actini (#), E. Actinias (#). [Latinized fr. Gr. ?, ?, ray.] (Zol.) (a) An animal of the class Anthozoa, and family Actinid. From a resemblance to flowers in form and color, they are often called animal flowers and sea anemones. [See Polyp.]. (b) A genus in the family Actinid.
AcOtin6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to actinism; as, actinic rays.
AcOtin6iOform (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Oform.] Having a radiated form, like a sea anemone.
Ac6tinOism (#), n. [Gr. ?, ? ray.] The property of radiant energy (found chiefly in solar or electric light) by which chemical changes are produced, as in photography. AcOtin6iOum (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray.] (Chem.) A supposed metal, said by Phipson to be contained in commercial zinc; – so called because certain of its compounds are darkened by exposure to light.
Ac7tiOnoPchem6isOtry (#), n. Chemistry in its relations to actinism.
AcOtin6oOgraph (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ograph.] An instrument for measuring and recording the variations in the actinic or chemical force of rays of light. Nichol.
Ac6tinOoid (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ooid.] Having the form of rays; radiated, as an actinia.
AcOtin6oOlite (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Olite.] (Min.) A bright green variety of amphibole occurring usually in fibrous or columnar masses.
Ac7tinOoOlit6ic (#), a. (Min.) Of the nature of, or containing, actinolite.
Ac7tiOnol6oOgy (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ology.] The science which treats of rays of light, especially of the actinic or chemical rays.
AcOtin6oOmere (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? part.] (Zol.) One of the radial segments composing the body of one of the Coelenterata.
Ac7tiOnom6eOter (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ometer] (a) An instrument for measuring the direct heating power of the sun’s rays. (b) An instrument for measuring the actinic effect of rays of light.
Ac7tiOnoOmet6ric (#), a. Pertaining to the measurement of the intensity of the solar rays, either (a) heating, or (b) actinic.
Ac7tiOnom6eOtry (#), n. 1. The measurement of the force of solar radiation.
2. The measurement of the chemical or actinic energy of light.
Ac7tiOnoph6oOrous (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? to bear.] Having straight projecting spines.
AcOtin6oOsome (#), n. [Gr. ? ray + ? body.] (Zol.) The entire body of a coelenterate.
Ac6tinOost (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? bone.] (Anat.) One of the bones at the base of a paired fin of a fish. AcOtin6oOstome (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a ray + ? mouth.] (Zol.) The mouth or anterior opening of a c lenterate animal. X Ac7tiOnot6roOcha (#), n. pl. [NL.; Gr. ?, ?, a ray + ? a ring.] (Zol.) A peculiar larval form of Phoronis, a genus of marine worms, having a circle of ciliated tentacles. X Ac6tiOnoOzo6a (#), n. pl. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? animal.] (Zol.) A group of Coelenterata, comprising the Anthozoa Ctenophora. The sea anemone, or actinia, is a familiar example.
Ac7tiOnoOzo6al (#), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Actinozoa.
X Ac6tiOnoOzo6n (#), n. (Zol.) One of the Actinozoa. X AcOtin6uOla (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, a ray.] (Zol.) A kind of embryo of certain hydroids (Tubularia), having a stellate form.
Ac6tion (#), n. [OF. action, L. actio, fr. agere to do. See Act.] 1. A process or condition of acting or moving, as opposed to rest; the doing of something; exertion of power or force, as when one body acts on another; the effect of power exerted on one body by another; agency; activity; operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action. One wise in council, one in action brave. Pope.
2. An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.): Habitual deeds; hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor. The Lord is a Good of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.
1 Sam. ii. 3.
3. The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events. 4. Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action. 5. (Mech.) Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech action of a gun.
6. (Physiol.) Any one of the active processes going on in an organism; the performance of a function; as, the action of the heart, the muscles, or the gastric juice. 7. (Orat.) Gesticulation; the external deportment of the speaker, or the suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures, and countenance, to the subject, or to the feelings. 8. (Paint. & Sculp.) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.
9. (Law) (a) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense. (b) A right of action; as, the law gives an action for every claim.
10. (Com.)A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds; hence, in the plural, equivalent to stocks. [A Gallicism] [Obs.] The Euripus of funds and actions.
11. An engagement between troops in war, whether on land or water; a battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial action.
12. (Music) The mechanical contrivance by means of which the impulse of the player’s finger is transmitted to the strings of a pianoforte or to the valve of an organ pipe. Grove.
Chose in action. (Law) See Chose. – Quantity of action (Physics), the product of the mass of a body by the space it runs through, and its velocity.
Syn. P Action, Act. In many cases action and act are synonymous; but some distinction is observable. Action involves the mode or process of acting, and is usually viewed as occupying some time in doing. Act has more reference to the effect, or the operation as complete. To poke the fire is an act, to reconcile friends who have quarreled is a praiseworthy action.
C. J. Smith.
Ac6tionOaOble (#), a. [Cf. LL. actionabilis. See Action.] That may be the subject of an action or suit at law; as, to call a man a thief is actionable.
Ac6tionOaObly, adv. In an actionable manner. Ac6tionOaOry (#), Ac6tionOist (#), } n. [Cf. F. actionnaire.] (Com.) A shareholder in joint-stock company. [Obs.]
Ac6tionOless, a. Void of action.
Ac6tiOvate (#), v. t. To make active. [Obs.] Ac6tive (#), a. [F. actif, L. activus, fr. agere to act.] 1. Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting; – opposed to passive, that receives; as, certain active principles; the powers of the mind.
Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble; as an active child or animal.
Active and nervous was his gait.
3. In action; actually proceeding; working; in force; – opposed to quiescent, dormant, or extinct; as, active laws; active hostilities; an active volcano. 4. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy; – opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or inert; as, an active man of business; active mind; active zeal.
5. Requiring or implying action or exertion; – opposed to sedentary or to tranquil; as, active employment or service; active scenes.
6. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative; – opposed to speculative or theoretical; as, an active rather than a speculative statesman. 7. Brisk; lively; as, an active demand for corn. 8. Implying or producing rapid action; as, an active disease; an active remedy.
9. (Gram.) (a) Applied to a form of the verb; – opposed to passive. See Active voice, under Voice. (b) Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive. (c) Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state. Active capital, Active wealth, money, or property that may readily be converted into money.
Syn. – Agile; alert; brisk; vigorous; nimble; lively; quick; sprightly; prompt; energetic.
Ac6tiveOly, adv. 1. In an active manner; nimbly; briskly; energetically; also, by one’s own action; voluntarily, not passively.
2. (Gram.) In an active signification; as, a word used actively.
Ac6tiveOness, n. The quality of being active; nimbleness; quickness of motion; activity.
AcOtiv6iOty (#), n.; pl. Activities (#). [Cf. F. activit, LL. activitas.] The state or quality of being active; nimbleness; agility; vigorous action or operation; energy; active force; as, an increasing variety of human activities. =The activity of toil.8
Syn. – Liveliness; briskness; quickness. Act6less (#), a. Without action or spirit. [R.] Ac6ton (#), n. [OF. aketon, auqueton, F. hoqueton, a quilted jacket, fr. Sp. alcoton, algodon, cotton. Cf. Cotton.] A stuffed jacket worn under the mail, or (later) a jacket plated with mail. [Spelled also hacqueton.] [Obs.] Halliwell. Sir W. Scott.
Ac6tor (#), n. [L. actor, fr. agere to act.] 1. One who acts, or takes part in any affair; a doer. 2. A theatrical performer; a stageplayer. After a well graced actor leaves the stage. Shak.
3. (Law) (a) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or causes. Jacobs. (b) One who institutes a suit; plaintiff or complainant.
Ac7tress (#), n. [Cf. F. actrice.] 1. A female actor or doer. [Obs.]
2. A female stageplayer; a woman who acts a part.

Ac6tuOal (#; 135), a. [OE. actuel, F. actuel, L. actualis, fr. agere to do, act.] 1. Involving or comprising action; active. [Obs.]
Her walking and other actual performances. Shak.
Let your holy and pious intention be actual; that is… by a special prayer or action,… given to God. Jer. Taylor.
2. Existing in act or reality; really acted or acting; in fact; real; – opposed to potential, possible, virtual, speculative, coceivable, theoretical, or nominal; as, the actual cost of goods; the actual case under discussion. 3. In action at the time being; now exiting; present; as the actual situation of the country.
Actual cautery. See under Cautery. – Actual sin (Theol.), that kind of sin which is done by ourselves in contradistinction to =original sin.8
Syn. – Real; genuine; positive; certain. See Real.

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Ac6tuOal (#), n. (Finance) Something actually received; real, as distinct from estimated, receipts. [Cant] The accounts of revenues supplied . . . were not real receipts: not, in financial language, =actuals,8 but only Egyptian budget estimates.
Fortnightly Review.
Ac6tuOalOist, n. One who deals with or considers actually existing facts and conditions, rather than fancies or theories; P opposed to idealist.
J. Grote.
Ac7tuOal6iOty (#), n.; pl. Actualities (#). The state of being actual; reality; as, the actuality of God’s nature. South.
Ac7tuOalOiOza6tion (#), n. A making actual or really existent. [R.]
Ac6tuOalOize (#), v. t. To make actual; to realize in action. [R.]
Ac6tuOalOly, adv. 1. Actively. [Obs.] =Neither actually . . . nor passively.8
2. In act or in fact; really; in truth; positively. Ac6tuOalOness, n. Quality of being actual; actuality. Ac7tuOa6riOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to actuaries; as, the actuarial value of an annuity.
Ac6tuOaOry (#), n.; pl. Actuaries (#). [L. actuarius copyist, clerk, fr. actus, p. p. of agere to do, act.] 1. (Law) A registar or clerk; P used originally in courts of civil law jurisdiction, but in Europe used for a clerk or registar generally.
2. The computing official of an insurance company; one whose profession it is to calculate for insurance companies the risks and premiums for life, fire, and other insurances. Ac6tuOate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Actuated (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Actuating (#).] [LL. actuatus, p. p. of actuare, fr. L. actus act.] 1. To put into action or motion; to move or incite to action; to influence actively; to move as motives do; P more commonly used of persons.
Wings, which others were contriving to actuate by the perpetual motion.
Men of the greatest abilities are most fired with ambition; and, on the contrary, mean and narrow minds are the least actuated by it.
2. To carry out in practice; to perform. [Obs.] =To actuate what you command.8
Jer. Taylor.
Syn. P To move; impel; incite; rouse; instigate; animate. Ac6tuOate (#), a. [LL. actuatus, p. p. of actuare.] Put in action; actuated. [Obs.]
Ac7tuOa6tion (#), n. [Cf. LL. actuatio.] A bringing into action; movement.
Bp. Pearson.
Ac6tuOa7tor (#), n. One who actuates, or puts into action. [R.]
Ac6tuOose7 (#), a. [L. actuosus.] Very active. [Obs.] Ac7tuOos6iOty (#), n. Abundant activity. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.
Ac6ture (#), n. Action. [Obs.]
AcOtu6riOence (#), n. [A desid. of L. agere, actum, to act.] Tendency or impulse to act. [R.]
Acturience, or desire of action, in one form or another, whether as restlessness, ennui, dissatisfaction, or the imagination of something desirable.
J. Grote.
Ac6uOate (#), v. t. [L. acus needle.] To sharpen; to make pungent; to quicken. [Obs.] =[To] acuate the blood.8 Harvey.
Ac6uOate (#), a. Sharpened; sharpPpointed. Ac7uOa6tion (#), n. Act of sharpening. [R.] Ac7uOi6tion (#), n. [L. acutus, as if acuitus, p. p. of acuere to sharpen.] The act of sharpening. [Obs.] AOcu6iOty (#), n. [LL. acuitas: cf. F. acuit.] Sharpness or acuteness, as of a needle, wit, etc.
AOcu6leOate (#), a. [L. aculeatus, fr. aculeus, dim. of acus needle.] 1. (Zol.) Having a sting; covered with prickles; sharp like a prickle.
2. (Bot.) Having prickles, or sharp points; beset with prickles.
3. Severe or stinging; incisive. [R.] Bacon.
AOcu6leOa7ted (#), a. Having a sharp point; armed with prickles; prickly; aculeate.
AOcu6leOiOform (#), a. Like a prickle. AOcu6leOoOlate (#), a. [L. aculeolus little needle.] (Bot.) Having small prickles or sharp points.
AOcu6leOous (#), a. Aculeate. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne. X AOcu6leOus (#), n.; pl. Aculei (#). [L., dim. of acus needle.] 1. (Bot.) A prickle growing on the bark, as in some brambles and roses.
2. (Zol.) A sting.

AOcu6men (#), n. [L. acumen, fr. acuere to sharpen. Cf. Acute.] Quickness of perception or discernment; penetration of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination. Selden.
Syn. P Sharpness; sagacity; keenness; shrewdness; acuteness.

AOcu6miOnate (#), a. [L. acuminatus, p. p. of acuminare to sharpen, fr. acumen. See Acumen.] Tapering to a point; pointed; as, acuminate leaves, teeth, etc.

AOcu6miOnate (#), v. t. To render sharp or keen. [R.] =To acuminate even despair.8
AOcu6miOnate, v. i. To end in, or come to, a sharp point. =Acuminating in a cone of prelacy.8
AOcu7miOna6tion (#), n. A sharpening; termination in a sharp point; a tapering point.
Bp. Pearson.
AOcu6miOnose7 (#), a. Terminating in a flat, narrow end. Lindley.
AOcu6miOnous (#), a. Characterized by acumen; keen. Highmore.
Ac7uOpres6sure (#), n. [L. acus needle + premere, pressum, to press.] (Surg.) A mode of arresting hemorrhage resulting from wounds or surgical operations, by passing under the divided vessel a needle, the ends of which are left exposed externally on the cutaneous surface.
Ac7uOpunc7tuOra6tion (#), n. See Acupuncture. Ac7uOpunc6ture (#), n. [L. acus needle + punctura a pricking, fr. pungere to prick: cf. F. acuponcture.] Pricking with a needle; a needle prick. Specifically (Med.): The insertion of needles into the living tissues for remedial purposes.
Ac7uOpunc6ture (#), v. t. To treat with acupuncture. AOcus6tumOaunce (#), n. See Accustomance. [Obs.] AOcut6an7guOlar (#), a. AcutePangled.
AOcute6 (#), a. [L. acutus, p. p. of acuere to sharpen, fr. a root ak to be sharp. Cf. Ague, Cute, Edge.] 1. Sharp at the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; P opposed to blunt or obtuse; as, an acute angle; an acute leaf. 2. Having nice discernment; perceiving or using minute distinctions; penetrating; clever; shrewd; P opposed to dull or stupid; as, an acute observer; acute remarks, or reasoning.
3. Having nice or quick sensibility; susceptible to slight impressions; acting keenly on the senses; sharp; keen; intense; as, a man of acute eyesight, hearing, or feeling; acute pain or pleasure.
4. High, or shrill, in respect to some other sound; P opposed to grave or low; as, an acute tone or accent. 5. (Med.) Attended with symptoms of some degree of severity, and coming speedily to a crisis; P opposed to chronic; as, an acute disease.
Acute angle (Geom.), an angle less than a right angle. Syn. P Subtile; ingenious; sharp; keen; penetrating; sagacious; sharp P witted; shrewd; discerning; discriminating. See Subtile.
AOcute6, v. t. To give an acute sound to; as, he acutes his rising inflection too much. [R.]
AOcute6Oan7gled (#), a. Having acute angles; as, an acutePangled triangle, a triangle with every one of its angles less than a right angle.
AOcute6ly, adv. In an acute manner; sharply; keenly; with nice discrimination.
AOcute6ness, n. 1. The quality of being acute or pointed; sharpness; as, the acuteness of an angle. 2. The faculty of nice discernment or perception; acumen; keenness; sharpness; sensitiveness; P applied to the senses, or the understanding. By acuteness of feeling, we perceive small objects or slight impressions: by acuteness of intellect, we discern nice distinctions. Perhaps, also, he felt his professional acuteness interested in bringing it to a successful close.

Sir W. Scott.
3. Shrillness; high pitch; P said of sounds. 4. (Med.) Violence of a disease, which brings it speedily to a crisis.
Syn. P Penetration; sagacity; keenness; ingenuity; shrewdness; subtlety; sharpPwittedness.
AOcu7tiOfo6liOate (#), a. [L. acutus sharp + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having sharpPpointed leaves.
AOcu7tiOlo6bate (#), a. [L. acutus sharp + E. lobe.] (Bot.) Having acute lobes, as some leaves.
X AdO(#). [A Latin preposition, signifying to. See At.] As a prefix adP assumes the forms acP, afP, agP, alP, anP, apP, arP, asP, atP, assimilating the d with the first letter of the word to which adP is prefixed. It remains unchanged before vowels, and before d, h, j, m, v. Examples: adduce, adhere, adjacent, admit, advent, accord, affect, aggregate, allude, annex, appear, etc. It becomes acP before qu, as in acquiesce.
AdOact6 (#), v. t. [L. adactus, p. p. of adigere.] To compel; to drive. [Obs.]
AOdac6tyl (#), AOdac6tylOous (#),} a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? finger.] (Zol.) (a) Without fingers or without toes. (b) Without claws on the feet (of crustaceous animals).

Ad6age (#), n. [F. adage, fr. L. adagium; ad + the root of L. aio I say.] An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a proverb.
Letting =I dare not8 wait upon =I would,8 Like the poor cat i’ the adage.
Syn. P Axiom; maxim; aphorism; proverb; saying; saw; apothegm. See Axiom.
AOda6giOal (#), a. Pertaining to an adage; proverbial. =Adagial verse.8
X AOda6gio (#), a. & adv. [It. adagio; ad (L. ad) at + agio convenience, leisure, ease. See Agio.] (Mus.) Slow; slowly, leisurely, and gracefully. When repeated, adagio, adagio, it directs the movement to be very slow.
X AOda6gio, n. A piece of music in adagio time; a slow movement; as, an adagio of Haydn.

Ad6am (#), n. 1. The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race.
2. (As a symbol) =Original sin;8 human frailty. And whipped the offending Adam out of him. Shak.

Adam’s ale, water. [Colloq.] P Adam’s apple. 1. (Bot.) (a) A species of banana (Musa paradisiaca). It attains a height of twenty feet or more. Paxton. (b) A species of lime (Citris limetta). 2. The projection formed by the thyroid cartilage in the neck. It is particularly prominent in males, and is so called from a notion that it was caused by the forbidden fruit (an apple) sticking in the throat of our first parent. P Adam’s flannel (Bot.), the mullein (Verbascum thapsus). P Adam’s needle (Bot.), the popular name of a genus (Yucca) of liliaceous plants.

Ad6aOmant (#), n. [OE. adamaunt, adamant, diamond, magnet, OF. adamant, L. adamas, adamantis, the hardest metal, fr. Gr. ?, ?; ? priv. + ? to tame, subdue. In OE., from confusion with L. adamare to love, be attached to, the word meant also magnet, as in OF. and LL. See Diamond, Tame.] 1. A stone imagined by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a name given to the diamond and other substance of extreme hardness; but in modern mineralogy it has no technical signification. It is now a rhetorical or poetical name for the embodiment of impenetrable hardness. Opposed the rocky orb
Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield. Milton.
2. Lodestone; magnet. [Obs.] =A great adamant of acquaintance.8
As true to thee as steel to adamant. Greene.
Ad7aOmanOte6an (#), a. [L. adamant?us.] Of adamant; hard as adamant.
Ad7aOman6tine (#), a. [L. adamantinus, Gr. ?.] 1. Made of adamant, or having the qualities of adamant; incapable of being broken, dissolved, or penetrated; as, adamantine bonds or chains.
2. (Min.) Like the diamond in hardness or luster. Ad7amObuOla6cral (#), a. [L. ad + E. ambulacral.] (Zol.) Next to the ambulacra; as, the adambulacral ossicles of the starfish.
AOdam6ic (#), AOdam6icOal (#),} a. Of or pertaining to Adam, or resembling him.
Adamic earth, a name given to common red clay, from a notion that Adam means red earth.

Ad6amOite (#), n. [From Adam.] 1. A descendant of Adam; a human being.
2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.

Ad6am’s ap6ple (#). See under Adam.

AOdance6 (#), adv. Dancing.

AOdan6gle (#), adv. Dangling.

X Ad7anOso6niOa (#), n. [From Adanson, a French botanist.] (Bot.) A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, A. digitata, the baobab or monkeyPbread of Africa and India, and A. Gregorii, the sour gourd or creamPofPtartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a widePspreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives for making ropes and cloth. D. C. Eaton.
AOdapt6 (#), a. Fitted; suited. [Obs.] Swift.
AOdapt6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adapted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adapting.] [L. adaptare; ad + aptare to fit; cf. F. adapter. See Apt, Adept.] To make suitable; to fit, or suit; to adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new use; P sometimes followed by to or for.]
For nature, always in the right,
To your decays adapts my sight.
Appeals adapted to his [man’s] whole nature. Angus.
Streets ill adapted for the residence of wealthy persons. Macaulay.
AOdapt7aObil6iOty (#), AOdapt6aObleOness (#),} n. The quality of being adaptable; suitableness. =General adaptability for every purpose.8
AOdapt6aOble (#), a. Capable of being adapted. Ad7apOta6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. adaptation, LL. adaptatio.] 1. The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being adapted or fitted; fitness. =Adaptation of the means to the end.8
2. The result of adapting; an adapted form. AOdapt6aOtive (#), a. Adaptive.
AOdapt6edOness (#), n. The state or quality of being adapted; suitableness; special fitness.

AOdapt6er (#), n. 1. One who adapts.
2. (Chem.) A connecting tube; an adopter.

AOdap6tion (#), n. Adaptation.
AOdapt6ive (#), a. Suited, given, or tending, to adaptation; characterized by adaptation; capable of adapting. Coleridge. P AOdapt6iveOly, adv.
AOdapt6iveOness, n. The quality of being adaptive; capacity to adapt.
AOdapt6ly, adv. In a suitable manner. [R.] Prior.
AOdapt6ness, n. Adaptedness. [R.]
Ad7apOto6riOal (#), a. Adaptive. [R.] X A6dar (#), n. [Heb. adr.] The twelfth month of the Hebrew ecclesiastical year, and the sixth of the civil. It corresponded nearly with March.
X AOdar6ce (#), n. [L. adarce, adarca, Gr. ?.] A saltish concretion on reeds and grass in marshy grounds in Galatia. It is soft and porous, and was formerly used for cleansing the skin from freckles and tetters, and also in leprosy. Dana.
X Ad6aOtis (#), n. A fine cotton cloth of India. AOdaunt6 (#), v. t. [OE. adaunten to overpower, OF. adonter; (L. ad) + donter, F. dompter. See Daunt.] To daunt; to subdue; to mitigate. [Obs.]
AOdaw6 (#), v. t. [Cf. OE. adawe of dawe, AS. of dagum from days, i. e., from life, out of life.] To subdue; to daunt. [Obs.]
The sight whereof did greatly him adaw. Spenser.
AOdaw6, v. t. & i. [OE. adawen to wake; pref. aP (cf. Goth. usP, Ger. erP) + dawen, dagon, to dawn. See Daw.] To awaken; to arouse. [Obs.]
A man that waketh of his sleep
He may not suddenly well taken keep Upon a thing, he seen it parfitly
Till that he be adawed verify.
AOdays6 (#), adv. [Pref. aP (for on) + day; the final s was orig. a genitive ending, afterwards forming adverbs.] By day, or every day; in the daytime. [Obs., except in the compound nowadays.]
X Ad capOtan6dum (#). [L., for catching.] A phrase used adjectively sometimes of meretricious attempts to catch or win popular favor.
Add (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Added; p. pr. & vb. n. Adding.] [L. addere; ad + dare to give, put. Cf. Date, Do.] 1. To give by way of increased possession (to any one); to bestow (on).
The Lord shall add to me another son. Gen. xxx. 24.

p. 20

2. To join or unite, as one thing to another, or as several particulars, so as to increase the number, augment the quantity, enlarge the magnitude, or so as to form into one aggregate. Hence: To sum up; to put together mentally; as, to add numbers; to add up a column.
Back to thy punishment,
False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings. Milton.
As easily as he can add together the ideas of two days or two years.
3. To append, as a statement; to say further. He added that he would willingly consent to the entire abolition of the tax.
Syn. P To Add, Join, Annex, Unite, Coalesce. We add by bringing things together so as to form a whole. We join by putting one thing to another in close or continuos connection. We annex by attaching some adjunct to a larger body. We unite by bringing things together so that their parts adhere or intermingle. Things coalesce by coming together or mingling so as to form one organization. To add quantities; to join houses; to annex territory; to unite kingdoms; to make parties coalesce.

Add (#), v. i. 1. To make an addition. To add to, to augment; to increase; as, it adds to our anxiety. =I will add to your yoke.8
1 Kings xii. 14.
2. To perform the arithmetical operation of addition; as, he adds rapidly.

Add6aOble (#), a. [Add, v. + Pable.] Addible.

Ad6dax (#), n. [Native name.](Zol.) One of the largest African antelopes (Hippotragus, or Oryx, nasomaculatus). 5 It is now believed to be the Strepsiceros (twisted horn) of the ancients. By some it is thought to be the pygarg of the Bible.

AdOdeem6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aP + deem.] To award; to adjudge. [Obs.] =Unto him they did addeem the prise.8 Spenser.
X AdOden6dum (#), n.; pl. Addenda (#). [L., fr. addere to add.] A thing to be added; an appendix or addition.

Addendum circle (Mech.), the circle which may be described around a circular spur wheel or gear wheel, touching the crests or tips of the teeth.

Add6er (#), n. [See Add.] One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers.

Ad6der, n. [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. ndre, adder, snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter, Goth. nadrs, Icel. na?r, masc., na?ra, fem.: cf. W. neidr, Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An adder is for a nadder.] 1. A serpent. [Obs.] =The eddre seide to the woman.8
Wyclif. (Gen. iii. 4.)
2. (Zol.) (a) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera (or Pelias) berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho. (b) In America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc. (c) Same as Sea Adder.
5 In the sculptures the appellation is given to several venomous serpents, P sometimes to the horned viper (Cerastles).
Ad6der fly/ (#). A dragon fly.
Ad6der’sPtongue7 (#), n. (Bot.) (a) A genus of ferns (Ophioglossum), whose seeds are produced on a spike resembling a serpent’s tongue. (b) The yellow dogtooth violet.
Ad6derOwort7 (#), n. (Bot.) The common bistort or snakeweed (Polygonum bistorta).
Add7iObil6iOty (#), n. The quantity of being addible; capability of addition.
Add6iOble (#), a. Capable of being added. =Addible numbers.8 Locke.
Ad6dice (#), n. See Adze. [Obs.]
AdOdict6 (#), p. p. Addicted; devoted. [Obs.] AdOdict6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addicted; p. pr. & vb. n. Addicting.] [L. addictus, p. p. of addicere to adjudge, devote; ad + dicere to say. See Diction.] 1. To apply habitually; to devote; to habituate; P with to. =They addict themselves to the civil law.8
He is addicted to his study.
Beau. & Fl.
That part of mankind that addict their minds to speculations.
His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity. Fuller.
A man gross . . . and addicted to low company. Macaulay.
2. To adapt; to make suitable; to fit. [Obs.] The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the coldness of the place hinders the growth. Evelyn.
Syn. P Addict, Devote, Consecrate, Dedicate. Addict was formerly used in a good sense; as, addicted to letters; but is now mostly employed in a bad sense or an indifferent one; as, addicted to vice; addicted to sensual indulgence. =Addicted to staying at home.8 J. S. Mill. Devote is always taken in a good sense, expressing habitual earnestness in the pursuit of some favorite object; as, devoted to science. Consecrate and dedicate express devotion of a higher kind, involving religious sentiment; as, consecrated to the service of the church; dedicated to God. AdOdict6edOness, n. The quality or state of being addicted; attachment.
AdOdic6tion (#), n. [Cf. L. addictio an adjudging.] The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination. =His addiction was to courses vain.8
Ad6diOson’s disOease6 (#). [Named from Thomas Addison, M. D., of London, who first described it.] (Med.) A morbid condition causing a peculiar brownish discoloration of the skin, and thought, at one time, to be due to disease of the suprarenal capsules (two flat triangular bodies covering the upper part of the kidneys), but now known not to be dependent upon this causes exclusively. It is usually fatal. AdOdit6aOment (#), n. [L. additamentum, fr. additus, p. p. of addere to add.] An addition, or a thing added. Fuller.
My persuasion that the latter verses of the chapter were an additament of a later age.
AdOdi6tion (#), n. [F. addition, L. additio, fr. addere to add.] 1. The act of adding two or more things together; P opposed to subtraction or diminution. =This endless addition or addibility of numbers.8
2. Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is an addition to a building.
3. (Math.) That part of arithmetic which treats of adding numbers.
4. (Mus.) A dot at the right side of a note as an indication that its sound is to be lengthened one half. [R.] 5. (Law) A title annexed to a man’s name, to identify him more precisely; as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of distinction; a title.
6. (Her.) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; P opposed to abatement.
Vector addition (Geom.), that kind of addition of two lines, or vectors, AB and BC, by which their sum is regarded as the line, or vector, AC.
Syn. P Increase; accession; augmentation; appendage; adjunct.
AdOdi6tionOal (#), a. Added; supplemental; in the way of an addition.
AdOdi6tionOal, n. Something added. [R.] Bacon.
AdOdi6tionOalOly, adv. By way of addition. AdOdi6tionOaOry (#), a. Additional. [R.] Herbert.
Ad7diOti6tious (#), a. [L. addititius, fr. addere.] Additive. [R.]
Sir J. Herschel.
Ad6diOtive (#), a. [L. additivus.] (Math.) Proper to be added; positive; P opposed to subtractive. Ad6diOtoOry (#), a. Tending to add; making some addition. [R.]
Ad6dle (#), n. [OE. adel, AS. adela, mud.] 1. Liquid filth; mire. [Obs.]
2. Lees; dregs. [Prov. Eng.]
Ad6dle, a. Having lost the power of development, and become rotten, as eggs; putrid. Hence: Unfruitful or confused, as brains; muddled.
Ad6dle, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Addled (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Addling (#).] To make addle; to grow addle; to muddle; as, he addled his brain. =Their eggs were addled.8 Cowper.
Ad6dle, v. t. & i. [OE. adlen, adilen, to gain, acquire; prob. fr. Icel. ?lask to acquire property, akin to o?al property. Cf. Allodial.] 1. To earn by labor. [Prov. Eng.] Forby.
2. To thrive or grow; to ripen. [Prov. Eng.] Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more.
Ad6dlePbrain7 (#), Ad6dlePhead7 (#), Ad6dlePpate (#),} n. A foolish or dullPwitted fellow. [Colloq.] Ad6dlePbrained7 (#), Ad6dlePhead7ed (#), Ad6dlePpa7ted (#),} a. DullPwitted; stupid. =The addlePbrained Oberstein.8 Motley.
Dull and addlePpated.
Ad6dlePpa7tedOness (#), n. Stupidity. Ad6dlings (#), n. pl. [See Addle, to earn.] Earnings. [Prov. Eng.]
AdOdoom6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aP + doom.] To adjudge. [Obs.] Spenser.
AdOdorsed6 (#), a. [L. ad + dorsum, back: cf. F. adoss.] (Her.) Set or turned back to back.
AdOdress6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addressed (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Addressing.] [OE. adressen to raise erect, adorn, OF. adrecier, to straighten, address, F. adresser, fr. (L. ad) + OF. drecier, F. dresser, to straighten, arrange. See Dress, v.] 1. To aim; to direct. [Obs.]
And this good knight his way with me addrest. Spenser.
2. To prepare or make ready. [Obs.] His foe was soon addressed.
Turnus addressed his men to single fight. Dryden.
The five foolish virgins addressed themselves at the noise of the bridegroom’s coming.
Jer. Taylor.
3. Reflexively: To prepare one’s self; to apply one’s skill or energies (to some object); to betake. These men addressed themselves to the task. Macaulay.
4. To clothe or array; to dress. [Archaic] Tecla . . . addressed herself in man’s apparel. Jewel.
5. To direct, as words (to any one or any thing); to make, as a speech, petition, etc. (to any one, an audience). The young hero had addressed his players to him for his assistance.
6. To direct speech to; to make a communication to, whether spoken or written; to apply to by words, as by a speech, petition, etc., to speak to; to accost.
Are not your orders to address the senate? Addison.
The representatives of the nation addressed the king. Swift.
7. To direct in writing, as a letter; to superscribe, or to direct and transmit; as, he addressed a letter. 8. To make suit to as a lover; to court; to woo. 9. (Com.) To consign or intrust to the care of another, as agent or factor; as, the ship was addressed to a merchant in Baltimore.
To address one’s self to. (a) To prepare one’s self for; to apply one’s self to. (b) To direct one’s speech or discourse to.
AdOdress6 (#), v. i. 1. To prepare one’s self. [Obs.] =Let us address to tend on Hector’s heels.8
2. To direct speech. [Obs.]
Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addrest. Dryden.
5 The intransitive uses come from the dropping out of the reflexive pronoun.
AdOdress, n. [Cf. F. adresse. See Address, v. t.] 1. Act of preparing one’s self. [Obs.]
Jer Taylor.
2. Act of addressing one’s self to a person; verbal application.
3. A formal communication, either written or spoken; a discourse; a speech; a formal application to any one; a petition; a formal statement on some subject or special occasion; as, an address of thanks, an address to the voters.
4. Direction or superscription of a letter, or the name, title, and place of residence of the person addressed. 5. Manner of speaking to another; delivery; as, a man of pleasing or insinuating address.
6. Attention in the way one’s addresses to a lady. Addison.
7. Skill; skillful management; dexterity; adroitness. Syn. P Speech; discourse; harangue; oration; petition; lecture; readiness; ingenuity; tact; adroitness. Ad7dressOee6 (#), n. One to whom anything is addressed. AdOdres6sion (#), n. The act of addressing or directing one’s course. [Rare & Obs.]
AdOduce6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adduced (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Adducing (#).] [L. adducere, adductum, to lead or bring to; ad + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf. Adduct.] To bring forward or offer, as an argument, passage, or consideration which bears on a statement or case; to cite; to allege. Reasons . . . were adduced on both sides. Macaulay.
Enough could not be adduced to satisfy the purpose of illustration.
De Quincey.
Syn. P To present; allege; advance; cite; quote; assign; urge; name; mention.
AdOdu6cent (#), a. [L. addunces, p. pr. of adducere.] (Physiol.) Bringing together or towards a given point; P a word applied to those muscles of the body which pull one part towards another. Opposed to abducent. AdOdu6cer (#), n. One who adduces.
AdOdu6ciOble (#), a. Capable of being adduced. Proofs innumerable, and in every imaginable manner diversified, are adducible.
I. Taylor.
AdOduct6 (#), v. t. [L. adductus, p. p. of adducere. See Adduce.] (Physiol.) To draw towards a common center or a middle line.
AdOduc6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. adduction. See Adduce.] 1. The act of adducing or bringing forward.
An adduction of facts gathered from various quarters. I. Taylor.
2. (Physiol.) The action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis; P opposed to abduction. Dunglison.
AdOduc6tive (#), a. Adducing, or bringing towards or to something.
AdOduc6tor (#), n. [L., fr. adducere.] (Anat.) A muscle which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle line of the body, or closes extended parts of the body; P opposed to abductor; as, the adductor of the eye, which turns the eye toward the nose.
In the bivalve shells, the muscles which close the values of the shell are called adductor muscles.
AdOdulce6 (#), v. t. [Like F. adoucir; fr. L. ad. + dulcis sweet.] To sweeten; to soothe. [Obs.]
AOdeem6 (#), v. t. [L. adimere. See Ademption.] (Law) To revoke, as a legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some other gift.
X A7deOlan7taOdil6lo (#), n. [Sp.] A Spanish red wine made of the first ripe grapes.
X A7deOlanOta6do (#), n. [Sp., prop. p. of adelantar to advance, to promote.] A governor of a province; a commander. Prescott.
X AdOeOlas6ter (#), n. [Gr. ? not manifest + ? a star.] (Bot.) A provisional name for a plant which has not had its flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not been referred to its proper genus.
Ad6elOing (#), n. Same as Atheling. AOdel7oOcoOdon6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? invisible + ? a bell.] (Zol.) Applied to sexual zooids of hydroids, that have a saclike form and do not become free; P opposed to phanerocodonic.
AOdel6oOpod (#), n. [Gr. ? invisible + ?, ?, foot.] (Zol.) An animal having feet that are not apparent. X AOdel6phiOa (#), n. [Gr. ? brother.] (Bot.) A =brotherhood,8 or collection of stamens in a bundle; P used in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.
AOdel6phous (#), a. [Gr. ? brother.] (Bot.) Having coalescent or clustered filaments; P said of stamens; as, adelphous stamens. Usually in composition; as, monadelphous. Gray.
AOdempt6 (#), p. p. [L. ademptus, p. p. of adimere to take away.] Takes away. [Obs.]
Without any sinister suspicion of anything being added or adempt.

<– p. 21 –>

AOdemp6tion (?), n. [L. ademptio, fr. adimere, ademptum, to take away; ad + emere to buy, orig. to take.] (Law) The revocation or taking away of a grant donation, legacy, or the like.
AdenO or AdenoO. [Gr. ?, ?, gland.] Combining forms of the Greek word for gland; – used in words relating to the structure, diseases, etc., of the glands. X Ad7eOnal6giOa (?), Ad6eOnal7gy (?), } n. [Gr. ? + ? pain.] (Med.) Pain in a gland.
AOden6iOform (?), a. [AdenO + Oform.] Shaped like a gland; adenoid.
X Ad7eOni6tis (?), n. [AdenO + Oitis.] (Med.) Glandular inflammation.
Ad7eOnoOgraph6ic (?), a. Pertaining to adenography. Ad7eOnog6raOphy (?), n. [AdenoO + Ography.] That part of anatomy which describes the glands.
Ad6eOnoid (?), Ad7eOnoid6al (?) } a. Glandlike; glandular. Ad7eOnoOlog6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to adenology. Ad7eOnol6oOgy (?), n. [AdenoO + Ology.] The part of physiology that treats of the glands.
Ad7eOnoph6oOrous (?), a. [AdenoO + Gr. ? bearing.] (Bot.) Producing glands.
Ad7eOnoph6ylOlous (?), a. [AdenoO + Gr. ? leaf.] (Bot.) Having glands on the leaves.
Ad6eOnose7 (?; 277), a. Like a gland; full of glands; glandulous; adenous.
Ad7eOnoOtom6ic (?), a. Pertaining to adenotomy. Ad7eOnot6oOmy (?), n. [AdenoO + Gr. ? a cutting, ? to cut.] (Anat.) Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands. Ad6eOnous (?), a. Same as Adenose.
X Ad6eps (?), n. [L.] Animal fat; lard. AOdept6 (?), n. [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), ?he who has obtained an art, p. p. of adipsci to arrive ?at, to obtain; ad + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.
AOdept6, a. Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient.
Beaus adept in everything profound. Cowper.
AOdep6tion (?), n. [L. adeptio. See Adept, a.] An obtaining; attainment. [Obs.]
In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief adeption of the victory.
AOdept6ist, n. A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]

AOdept6ness, n. The quality of being adept; skill.

Ad6eOquaOcy (?), n. [See Adequate.] The state or quality of being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.
Ad6eOquate (?), a. [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to make equal to; ad + aequare to make equal, aequus equal. See Equal.] Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a great work; an adequate definition.
Ireland had no adequate champion.
De Quincey.
Syn. P Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable; competent; capable.
Ad6eOquate (?), v. t. [See Adequate, a.] 1. To equalize; to make adequate. [R.]
2. To equal. [Obs.]
It [is] an impossibility for any creature to adequate God in his eternity.
Ad6eOquateOly (?), adv. In an adequate manner. Ad6eOquateOness, n. The quality of being adequate; suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.
Ad7eOqua6tion (?), n. [L. adaequatio.] The act of equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent. [Obs.]
Bp. Barlow.
AOdes6my (?), n. [Gr. ? unfettered; ? priv. + ? a fetter.] (Bot.) The division or defective coherence of an organ that is usually entire.
AdOes7seOna6riOan (?), n. [Formed fr. L. adesse to be present; ad + esse to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who held the real presence of Christ’s body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.
AdOfect6ed (?), a. [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.] (Alg.) See Affected, 5.
AdOfil6iOa7ted (?), a. See Affiliated. [Obs.] AdOfil7iOa6tion (?), n. See Affiliation. [Obs.] AdOflux6ion (?), n. See Affluxion.
AdOha6mant (?), a. [From L. adhamare to catch; ad + hamus hook.] Clinging, as by hooks.
AdOhere6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adhered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Adhering (?).] [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to stick: cf. F. adhrer. See Aghast.] 1. To stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to the pleura.
2. To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church.
3. To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree. =Nor time nor place did then adhere.8 Every thing adheres together.8
Syn. P To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold AdOher6ence (?), n. [Cf. F. adhrence, LL. adhaerentia.] 1. The quality or state of adhering.
2. The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions.
Syn. P Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once freely interchanged, are now almost entirely separated. Adherence is no longer used to denote physical union, but is applied, to mental states or habits; as, a strict adherence to one’s duty; close adherence to the argument, etc. Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense, except in the phrase =To give in one’s adhesion to a cause or a party.8
AdOher6enOcy (?), n. 1. The state or quality of being adherent; adherence. [R.]
2. That which adheres. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
AdOher6ent (?), a. [L. adhaerens, Oentis, p. pr.: cf. F. adhrent.] 1. Sticking; clinging; adhering. Pope.
2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance. 3. (Bot.) Congenitally united with an organ of another kind, as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals. AdOher6ent, n. 1. One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church. 2. That which adheres; an appendage. [R.] Milton.
Syn. P Follower; partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter; dependent; ally; backer.
AdOher6entOly, adv. In an adherent manner. AdOher6er (?), n. One who adheres; an adherent. AdOhe6sion (?), n. [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F. adhsion.] 1. The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like. 2. Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to error, to a policy.
His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of their foreign policy.
De Quincey.
3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent. To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion. Macaulay.
4. (Physics) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact. See Cohesion.
5. (Med.) Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory process.
6. (Bot.) The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant. Syn. P Adherence; union. See Adherence.
AdOhe6sive (?), a. [Cf. F. adhsif.] 1. Sticky; tenacious, as glutinous substances.
2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging. Thomson.
Adhesive attraction. (Physics) See Attraction. P Adhesive inflammation (Surg.), that kind of inflammation which terminates in the reunion of divided parts without suppuration. – Adhesive plaster, a sticking; a plaster containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil. AdOhe6siveOly, adv. In an adhesive manner. AdOhe6siveOness, n. 1. The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union.
2. (Phren.) Propensity to form and maintain attachments to persons, and to promote social intercourse. AdOhib6it (?), v. t. [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to hold to; ad + habere to have.] 1. To admit, as a person or thing; to take in.
2. To use or apply; to administer.
3. To attach; to affix.
Ad7hiObi6tion (?), n. [L. adhibitio.] The act of adhibiting; application; use.
X Ad hom6iOnem (?). [L., to the man.] A phrase applied to an appeal or argument addressed to the principles, interests, or passions of a man.
AdOhort6 (?), v. t. [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] To exhort; to advise. [Obs.]
Ad7horOta6tion (?), n. [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to advise; ad + hortari to exhort.] Advice; exhortation. [Obs.] Peacham.
AdOhor6taOtoOry (?), a. Containing counsel or warning; hortatory; advisory. [Obs.]
Ad7iOaObat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? not passable; ? priv. + ? through + ? to go.] (Physics) Not giving out or receiving heat. – Ad7iOaObat7icOalOly, adv.
w line or curve, a curve exhibiting the variations of pressure and volume of a fluid when it expands without either receiving or giving out heat.
Ad7iOacOtin6ic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + diactinic.] (Chem.) Not transmitting the actinic rays.
X Ad7iOan6tum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, maidenhair; ? priv. + ? to wet.] (Bot.) A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of spleenwort.
Ad7iOaph6oOrism (?), n. Religious indifference. Ad7iOaph6oOrist (?), n. [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical. Murdock.
Ad7iOaph7oOris6tic (?), a. Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith and practice.
Ad7iOaph6oOrite (?), n. Same as Adiaphorist. Ad7iOaph6oOrous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? different; ? through + ? to bear.] 1. Indifferent or neutral. Jer. Taylor.
2. (Med.) Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines.
Ad7iOaph6oOry, n. [Gr. ?.] Indifference. [Obs.] Ad7iOaOther6mic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? through + ?heat.] Not pervious to heat.

AOdieu6 (?), interj. & adv. [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F. ? dieu, fr. L. ad to + deus God.] Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting.

AOdieu6, n.; pl. Adieus (?). A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting.
AOdight6 (?), v. t. [p. p. Adight.] [Pref. aO (intensive) + OE. dihten. See Dight.] To set in order; to array; to attire; to deck, to dress. [Obs.]
X Ad in7fiOni6tum (?).[L., to infinity.] Without limit; endlessly.
X Ad in6terOim (?)[L.] Meanwhile; temporary. Ad7eOpes6cent (?), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + Oescent.] Becoming fatty.
AOdip6ic (?), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; – applied to certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric acid. Ad7iOpoc6erOate (?), v. t. To convert adipocere. Ad7iOpoc7erOa6tion (?), n. The act or process of changing into adipocere.
Ad6iOpoOcere7 (?), n. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + cera wax: cf. F. adipocere.] A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.
Ad7iOpoOcer6iOform (?), a. [Adipocere + Oform.] Having the form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor. Ad7iOpoc6erOous (?), a. Like adipocere.
Ad6iOpose7 (?; 277), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat, grease.] Of or pertaining to animal fat; fatty.
Adipose fin (Zol.), a soft boneless fin. P Adipose tissue (Anat.), that form of animal tissue which forms or contains fat.
Ad6iOpose7ness (?), Ad7iOpos6iOty (?), } n. The state of being fat; fatness.
Ad6iOpous (?), a. Fatty; adipose. [R.] AOdip6sous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?, thirst.] Quenching thirst, as certain fruits.
Ad6ipOsy (?), n. [Gr. ? not thirsty; ? priv. + ? thirst.] (Med.) Absence of thirst.
Ad6it (?), n. [L. aditus, fr. adire, ?aitum, to go to; ad + ire to go.] 1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by which water and ores are carried away; – called also drift and tunnel.
2. Admission; approach; access. [R.] Yourself and yours shall have
Free adit.
Ad6ja6cence (?), AdOja6cenOcy (?), } [Cf. LL. adjacentia.] 1. The state of being adjacent or contiguous; contiguity; as, the adjacency of lands or buildings. 2. That which is adjacent.[R.]
Sir T. Browne.
AdOja6cent (?), a. [L. adjacens, Ocentis, p. pr. of adjacere to lie near; ad + jac?re to lie: cf. F. adjacent.] Lying near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a field adjacent to the highway. =The adjacent forest.8 B. Jonson.
Adjacent or contiguous angle. (Geom.) See Angle. Syn. – Adjoining; contiguous; near. – Adjacent, Adjoining, Contiguous. Things are adjacent when they lie close each other, not necessary in actual contact; as, adjacent fields, adjacent villages, etc.
I find that all Europe with her adjacent isles is peopled with Christians.
Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of junction; as, adjoining farms, an adjoining highway. What is spoken of as contiguous should touch with some extent of one side or the whole of it; as, a row of contiguous buildings; a wood contiguous to a plain.
AdOja6cent, n. That which is adjacent. [R.] Locke.
AdOja6centOly, adv. So as to be adjacent. AdOject6 (?), v. t. [L. adjectus, p. p. of adjicere to throw to, to add to; ad + ac?re to throw. See Jet a shooting forth.] To add or annex; to join.
AdOjec6tion (?), n. [L. adjectio, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjection. See Adject.] The act or mode of adding; also, the thing added. [R.]
B. Jonson.
AdOjec6tionOal (?), a. Pertaining to adjection; that is, or may be, annexed. [R.]
Ad7jecOti6tious (?), [L. adjectitius.] Added; additional. Parkhurst.
Ad7jecOti6val (?), a. Of or relating to the relating to the adjective; of the nature of an adjective; adjective. W. Taylor (1797)
Ad7jecOti6valOly, adv. As, or in the manner of, an adjective; adjectively.
Ad6jecOtive (?), a. [See Adjective, n.] 1. Added to a substantive as an attribute; of the nature of an adjunct; as, an word sentence.
2. Not standing by itself; dependent. Adjective color, a color which requires to be fixed by some mordant or base to give it permanency.
3. Relating to procedure. =The whole English law, substantive and adjective.8
Ad6jecOtive, n. [L. adjectivum (sc. nomen), neut. of adjectivus that is added, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjectif. See Adject.] 1. (Gram.) A word used with a noun, or substantive, to express a quality of the thing named, or something attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or describe a thing, as distinct from something else. Thus, in phrase, =a wise ruler,8 wise is the adjective, expressing a property of ruler.
2. A dependent; an accessory.

Ad6jecOtive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjectived (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjectiving (?).] To make an adjective of; to form or change into an adjective. [R.]
Language has as much occasion to adjective the distinct signification of the verb, and to adjective also the mood, as it has to adjective time. It has… adjectived all three. Tooke.
Ad6jecOtiveOly, adv. In the manner of an adjective; as, a word used adjectively.
AdOjoin6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjoined (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjoining.] [OE. ajoinen, OF. ajoindre, F. adjoindre, fr. L. adjungere; ad + jungere to join. See Join, and cf. Adjunct.] To join or unite to; to lie contiguous to; to be in contact with; to attach; to append.
Corrections… should be, as remarks, adjoined by way of note.

AdOjoin6 (?), v. i. 1. To lie or be next, or in contact; to be contiguous; as, the houses adjoin.
When one man’s land adjoins to another’s. Blackstone.
5 The construction with to, on, or with is obsolete or obsolescent.
2. To join one’s self. [Obs.]
She lightly unto him adjoined side to side. Spenser.
AdOjoin6ant (?), a. Contiguous. [Obs.] Carew.
AdOjoin6ing, a. Joining to; contiguous; adjacent; as, an adjoining room. =The adjoining fane.8
Upon the hills adjoining to the city. Shak.
Syn. P Adjacent; contiguous; near; neighboring; abutting; bordering. See Adjacent.
Ad6joint (?), n. An adjunct; a helper. [Obs.] AdOjourn (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjourned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjourning (?).] [OE. ajornen, OF. ajoiner, ajurner, F. ajourner; OF. a (L. ad) + jor, jur, jorn, F. jour, day, fr. L. diurnus belonging to the day, fr. dies day. Cf. Journal, Journey.] To put off or defer to another day, or indefinitely; to postpone; to close or suspend for the day; – commonly said of the meeting, or the action, of convened body; as, to adjourn the meeting; to adjourn a debate. It is a common practice to adjourn the reformation of their lives to a further time.
‘Tis a needful fitness
That we adjourn this court till further day. Shak.
Syn. – To delay; defer; postpone; put off; suspend. – To Adjourn, Prorogue, Dissolve. These words are used in respect to public bodies when they lay aside business and separate. Adjourn, both in Great Britain and this country, is applied to all cases in which such bodies separate for a brief period, with a view to meet again. Prorogue is applied in Great Britain to that act of the executive government, as the sovereign, which brings a session of Parliament to a close. The word is not used in this country, but a legislative body is said, in such a case, to adjourn sine die. To dissolve is to annul the corporate existence of a body. In order to exist again the body must be reconstituted.
AdOjourn6, v. i.To suspend business for a time, as from one day to another, or for a longer period, or indefinitely; usually, to suspend public business, as of legislatures and courts, or other convened bodies; as, congress adjourned at four o’clock; the court adjourned without day. AdOjourn6al (?), n. Adjournment; postponement. [R.] =An adjournal of the Diet.8
Sir W. Scott.
AdOjourn6ment (?), n. [Cf. f. adjournement, OF. ajornement. See Adjourn.] 1. The act of adjourning; the putting off till another day or time specified, or without day. 2.The time or interval during which a public body adjourns its sittings or postpones business.
AdOjudge6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjudging (?).] [OE. ajugen, OF. ajugier, fr. L. adjudicare; ad + judicare to judge. See Judge, and cf. Adjudicate.] 1. To award judicially in the case of a controverted question; as, the prize was adjudged to the victor.
2. To determine in the exercise of judicial power; to decide or award judicially; to adjudicate; as, the case was adjudged in the November term.
3. To sentence; to condemn.
Without reprieve, adjudged to death For want of well pronouncing Shibboleth. Milton.
4. To regard or hold; to judge; to deem. He adjudged him unworthy of his friendship. Knolles.
Syn. – To decree; award; determine; adjudicate; ordain; assign.
AdOjudg6er (?), n. One who adjudges. AdOjudg6ment (?), n. The act of adjudging; judicial decision; adjudication.
Sir W. Temple.
AdOju6diOcate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudicated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjudicating (?)] [L. adjudicatus, p. p. of adjudicare. See Adjudge.] To adjudge; to try and determine, as a court; to settle by judicial decree. AdOju6diOcate, v. i. To come to a judicial decision; as, the court adjudicated upon the case.
AdOju7diOca6tion (?), n. [L. adjudicatio: cf. F. adjudication.] 1. The act of adjudicating; the act or process of trying and determining judicially. 2. A deliberate determination by the judicial power; a judicial decision or sentence. =An adjudication in favor of natural rights.8
3. (Bankruptcy practice) The decision upon the question whether the debtor is a bankrupt.
4. (Scots Law) A process by which land is attached security or in satisfaction of a debt.
AdOju6diOcaOtive (?), a. Adjudicating. AdOju6diOca7tor (?), n. One who adjudicates. AdOju6diOcaOture (?), n. Adjudication.
Ad6juOgate (?), v. t. [L. adjugatus, p. p. of adjugare; ad + jugum a yoke.] To yoke to. [Obs.]
Ad6juOment (?), n. [L. adjumentum, for adjuvamentum, fr. adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] Help; support; also, a helper. [Obs.]
Ad6junct7 (?), a. [L. adjunctus, p. p. of adjungere. See Adjoin.] Conjoined; attending; consequent. Though that my death were adjunct to my act. Shak.
w notes (Mus.), short notes between those essential to the harmony; auxiliary notes; passing notes. Ad6junct7, n. 1. Something joined or added to another thing, but not essentially a part of it.
Learning is but an adjunct to our self. Shak.
2. A person joined to another in some duty or service; a colleague; an associate.
3. (Gram.) A word or words added to quality or amplify the force of other words; as, the History of the American Revolution, where the words in italics are the adjunct or adjuncts of =History.8
4. (Metaph.) A quality or property of the body or the mind, whether natural or acquired; as, color, in the body, judgment in the mind.
5. (Mus.) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key. [R.] See Attendant keys, under Attendant, a.
AdOjunc6tion (?), n. [L. adjunctio, fr. adjungere: cf. F. adjonction, and see Adjunct.] The act of joining; the thing joined or added.
AdOjunc6tive (?), a. [L. adjunctivus, fr. adjungere. See Adjunct.] Joining; having the quality of joining; forming an adjunct.
AdOjunc6tive, n. One who, or that which, is joined. AdOjunc6tiveOly, adv. In an adjunctive manner. AdOjunct6ly (?), adv. By way of addition or adjunct; in connection with.
Ad7juOra6tion (?), n. [L. adjuratio, fr. adjurare: cf. F. adjuration. See Adjure.] 1. The act of adjuring; a solemn charging on oath, or under the penalty of a curse; an earnest appeal.
What an accusation could not effect, an adjuration shall. Bp. Hall.
2. The form of oath or appeal.
Persons who… made use of prayer and adjurations. Addison.
AdOju6raOtoOry (?), a. [L. adjuratorius.] Containing an adjuration.
AdOjure6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjured (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Adjuring (?). [L. adjurare, adjurdium, to swear to; later, to adjure: cf. F. adjurer. See Jury.] To charge, bind, or command, solemnly, as if under oath, or under the penalty of a curse; to appeal to in the most solemn or impressive manner; to entreat earnestly. Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho.
Josh. vi. 26.
The high priest… said… I adjure thee by the living God, that tell us whether thou be the Christ. Matt. xxvi. 63.
The commissioners adjured them not to let pass so favorable an opportunity of securing their liberties. Marshall.
AdOjur6er (?), n. One who adjures.
AdOjust6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjusted; p. pr. & vb. n. Adjusting.] [OF. ajuster, ajoster (whence F. ajouter to add), LL. adjuxtare to fit; fr. L. ad + juxta near; confused later with L. ad and justus just, right, whence F. ajuster to adjust. See Just, v. t. and cf. Adjute.] 1. To make exact; to fit; to make correspondent or conformable; to bring into proper relations; as, to adjust a garment to the body, or things to a standard.
2. To put in order; to regulate, or reduce to system. Adjusting the orthography.
3. To settle or bring to a satisfactory state, so that parties are agreed in the result; as, to adjust accounts; the differences are adjusted.
4. To bring to a true relative position, as the parts of an instrument; to regulate for use; as, to adjust a telescope or microscope.
Syn. – To adapt; suit; arrange; regulate; accommodate; set right; rectify; settle.
AdOjust6aOble (?), a. Capable of being adjusted. AdOjust6age (?), n. [Cf. Ajutage.] Adjustment. [R.] AdOjust6er (?), n. One who, or that which, adjusts. AdOjust6ive (?), a. Tending to adjust. [R.] AdOjust6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. ajustement. See Adjust.] 1. The act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of bringing into proper relations; regulation. Success depends on the nicest and minutest adjustment of the parts concerned.
2. (Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling. Bispham.
3. The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument, as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as, to get a good adjustment; to be in or out of adjustment. Syn. – Suiting; fitting; arrangement; regulation; settlement; adaptation; disposition.
Ad6juOtage (?), n. Same as Ajutage. Ad6juOtanOcy (?), n. [See Adjutant.] 1. The office of an adjutant.
2. Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance. It was, no doubt, disposed with all the adjutancy of definition and division.
Ad6juOtant (?), n. [L. adjutans, p. pr. of adjutare to help. See Aid.] 1. A helper; an assistant.
2. (Mil.) A regimental staff officer, who assists the colonel, or commanding officer of a garrison or regiment, in the details of regimental and garrison duty. w general (a) (Mil.), the principal staff officer of an army, through whom the commanding general receives communications and issues military orders. In the U. S. army he is brigadier general. (b) (Among the Jesuits), one of a select number of fathers, who resided with the general of the order, each of whom had a province or country assigned to his care.
3. (Zol.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a native of India; – called also the gigantic crane, and by the native name argala. It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.
Ad6juOta7tor (?), n. (Eng. Hist.) A corruption of Agitator. AdOjute6 (?), v. t. [F. ajouter; confused with L. adjutare.] To add. [Obs.]
AdOju6tor (?), n. [L., fr. adjuvare. See Aid.] A helper or assistant. [Archaic]
AdOju6toOry (?), a. [L. adjutorius.] Serving to help or assist; helping. [Obs.]
AdOju6trix (?), n. [L. See Adjutor.] A female helper or assistant. [R.]
Ad6juOvant (?), a. [L. adjuvans, p. pr. of adjuvare to aid: cf. F. adjuvant. See Aid.] Helping; helpful; assisting. [R.] =Adjuvant causes.8
Ad6juOvant, n. 1. An assistant. [R.] Yelverton.
2. (Med.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient.

Ad7leOga6tion (?), n. [L. adlegatio, allegatio, a sending away; fr. adlegare, allegare, to send away with a commission; ad in addition + legare to send as ambassador. Cf. Allegation.] A right formerly claimed by the states of the German Empire of joining their own ministers with those of the emperor in public treaties and negotiations to the common interest of the empire.
Encyc. Brit.

X Ad lib6iOtum (?). At one’s pleasure; as one wishes. Ad7loOcu6tion (?), n. See Allocution. [Obs.] AdOmar6ginOate (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + margin.] To write in the margin. [R.]
AdOmax6ilOlaOry (?), a. [Pref. adO + maxillary.] (Anat.) Near to the maxilla or jawbone.
AdOmeas6ure (?; 135), v. t. [Cf. OF. amesurer, LL. admensurare. See Measure.] 1. To measure. 2. (Law) To determine the proper share of, or the proper apportionment; as, to admeasure dower; to admeasure common of pasture.
AdOmeas6ureOment (?), n. [Cf. OF. amesurement, and E. Measure.] 1. The act or process of ascertaining the dimensions of anything; mensuration; measurement; as, the admeasurement of a ship or of a cask. = Admeasurement by acre.8
2. The measure of a thing; dimensions; size. 3. (Law) Formerly, the adjustment of proportion, or ascertainment of shares, as of dower or pasture held in common. This was by writ of admeasurement, directed to the sheriff.
AdOmeas6urOer (?), n. One who admeasures. AdOmen7suOra6tion (?), n. [LL. admensuratio; L. ad + mensurare to measure. See Mensuration.] Same as Admeasurement.
AdOmin6iOcle (?), n. [L. adminculum support, orig., that on which the hand rests; ad + manus hand + dim. ending Oculym.] 1. Help or support; an auxiliary. Grote.
2. (Law) Corroborative or explanatory proof. In Scots law, any writing tending to establish the existence or terms of a lost deed.
Ad7miOnic6uOlar (?), a. Supplying help; auxiliary; corroborative; explanatory; as, adminicular evidence. H. Spencer.