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should be genuine and easy, wanting the beauty that accompanies what is natural what is natural. Locke.
2. A striving after. [Obs.]
Bp. Pearson.
3. Fondness; affection. [Obs.]
Hooker.
Af7fecOta6tionOist, n. One who exhibits affectation. [R.] Fitzed. Hall.
AfOfect6ed (?), p. p. & a. 1. Regarded with affection; beloved. [Obs.]
His affected Hercules.
Chapman.
2. Inclined; disposed; attached.
How stand you affected his wish?
Shak.
3. Given to false show; assuming or pretending to posses what is not natural or real.
He is… too spruce, too affected, too odd. Shak.
4. Assumed artificially; not natural. Affected coldness and indifference.
Addison.
5. (Alg.) Made up of terms involving different powers of the unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation. AfOfect6edOly, adv. 1. In an affected manner; hypocritically; with more show than reality. 2. Lovingly; with tender care. [Obs.]
Shak.
AfOfect6edOness, n. Affectation.
AfOfect6er (?), n. One who affects, assumes, pretends, or strives after. =Affecters of wit.8
Abp. Secker.
AfOfect7iObil6iOty (?), n. The quality or state of being affectible. [R.]
AfOfect6iObl? (?), a. That may be affected. [R.] Lay aside the absolute, and, by union with the creaturely, become affectible.
Coleridge.
AfOfect6ing, a. 1. Moving the emotions; fitted to excite the emotions; pathetic; touching; as, an affecting address; an affecting sight.
The most affecting music is generally the most simple. Mitford.
2. Affected; given to false show. [Obs.] A drawling; affecting rouge.
Shak.
AfOfect6ingOly (?), adv. In an affecting manner; is a manner to excite emotions.
AfOfec6tion (?), n. [F. affection, L. affectio, fr. afficere. See Affect.] 1. The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected.
2. An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc., are affections of bodies. =The affections of quantity.8
Boyle.
And, truly, waking dreams were, more or less, An old and strange affection of the house. Tennyson.
3. Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc.; the malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency.
Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as a pleasant state of the mind, when impressed by any object or quality.
Cogan.
4. A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; P often in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or towards children.
All his affections are set on his own country. Macaulay.
5. Prejudice; bias. [Obs.]
Bp. Aylmer.
6. (Med.) Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary affection.
Dunglison.
7. The lively representation of any emotion. Wotton.
8. Affectation. [Obs.] =Spruce affection.8 Shak.
9. Passion; violent emotion. [Obs.] Most wretched man,
That to affections does the bridle lend. Spenser.
Syn. P Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness; love; good will. See Attachment; Disease. AdOfec6tionOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to the affections; as, affectional impulses; an affectional nature. AfOfec6tionOate (?), a. [Cf. F. affectionn.] 1. Having affection or warm regard; loving; fond; as, an affectionate brother.
2. Kindly inclined; zealous. [Obs.] Johson.
Man, in his love God, and desire to please him, can never be too affectionate.
Sprat.
3. Proceeding from affection; indicating love; tender; as, the affectionate care of a parent; affectionate countenance, message, language.
4. Strongly inclined; P with to. [Obs.] Bacon.
Syn. P Tender; attached; loving; devoted; warm; fond; earnest; ardent.
AfOfec6tionOa7ted, a. Disposed; inclined. [Obs.] Affectionated to the people.
Holinshed.
AfOfec6tionOateOly, adv. With affection; lovingly; fondly; tenderly; kindly.
AfOfec6tionOateOness, n. The quality of being affectionate; fondness; affection.
AfOfec6tioned (?), a. 1. Disposed. [Archaic] Be kindly affectioned one to another.
Rom. xii. 10.
2. Affected; conceited. [Obs.]
Shak.
AfOfec6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. affectif.] 1. Tending to affect; affecting. [Obs.]
Burnet.
2. Pertaining to or exciting emotion; affectional; emotional.
Rogers.
AfOfec6tiveOly, adv. In an affective manner; impressively; emotionally.
AfOfec6tuOous (?; 135), a. [L. affectuous: cf. F. affectueux. See Affect.] Full of passion or emotion; earnest. [Obs.] P AfOfec6tuOousOly, adv. [Obs.] Fabyan.
AfOfeer6 (?), v. t. [OF. aforer, afeurer, to tax, appraise, assess, fr. L. ad + forum market, court of justice, in LL. also meaning pri??.] 1. To confirm; to assure. [Obs.] =The title is affeered.8
Shak.
2. (Old Law) To assess or reduce, as an arbitrary penalty or amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum. Amercements… were affeered by the judges. Blackstone.
AfOfeer6er (?), AfOfeer6or (?), } n. [OF. aforeur, LL. afforator.] (Old Law) One who affeers.
Cowell.
AfOfeer6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. aforement.] (Old Law) The act of affeering.
Blackstone.
Af6ferOent (?), a. [L. afferens, p. pr. of afferre; ad + ferre to bear.] (Physiol.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; P opposed to efferent; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.
X AfOfet7tuOo6so (?), adv. [It.] (Mus.) With feeling. AfOfi6ance (?), n. [OE. afiaunce trust, confidence, OF. afiance, fr. afier to trust, fr. LL. affidare to trust; ad + fidare to trust, fr. L. fides faith. See Faith, and cf. Affidavit, Affy, Confidence.] 1. Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise.
2. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence. Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in the divine love.
Sir J. Stephen.
Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have Most joy and most affiance.
Tennyson.
AfOfi6ance, v. t. [imp. ? p. p. Affianced (?); p. pr. ? vb. n. Affiancing (?).] [Cf. OF. afiancier, fr. afiance.] 1. To betroth; to pledge one’s faith to for marriage, or solemnly promise (one’s self or another) in marriage. To me, sad maid, he was affianced.
Spenser.
2. To assure by promise. [Obs.]
Pope.
AfOfi6anOcer (?), n. One who makes a contract of marriage between two persons.
AfOfi6ant (?), n. [From p. pr. of OF. afier, LL. affidare. See Affidavit.] (Law) One who makes an affidavit. [U. S.] Burrill.
Syn. P Deponent. See Deponent.
Af7fiOda6vit (?), n. [LL. affidavit he has made oath, perfect tense of affidare. See Affiance, Affy.] (Law) A sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate. Bouvier. Burrill.
5 It is always made ex parte, and without crossPexamination, and in this differs from a deposition. It is also applied to written statements made on affirmation. Syn. P Deposition. See Deposition.
AfOfile6 (?), v. t. [OF. afiler, F. affiler, to sharpen; a (L. ad) + fil thread, edge.] To polish. [Obs.] AfOfil6iOaOble (?), a. Capable of being affiliated to or on, or connected with in origin.
AfOfil6iOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affiliated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Affiliating (?).] [LL. adfiliare, affiliare, to adopt as son; ad + filius son: cf. F. affilier.] 1. To adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or receive into close connection; to ally.
Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and in rebellion?
I. Taylor.
2. To fix the paternity of; P said of an illegitimate child; as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather than another.
3. To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to. How do these facts tend to affiliate the faculty of hearing upon the aboriginal vegetative processes? H. Spencer.
4. To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; P followed by to or with.
Affiliated societies, societies connected with a central society, or with each other.
AfOfil6iOate, v. i. To connect or associate one’s self; P followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party. AfOfil7iOa6tion (?), n. [F. affiliation, LL. affiliatio.] 1. Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the same family or society.
2. (Law) The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father; filiation.
3. Connection in the way of descent. H. Spencer.
AfOfi6nal (?), a. [L. affinis.] Related by marriage; from the same source.
AfOfine6 (?), v. t. [F. affiner to refine; ? (L. ad) + fin fine. See Fine.] To refine. [Obs.]
Holland.
AfOfined6 (?), a. [OF. afin related, p. p., fr. LL. affinare to join, fr. L. affinis neighboring, related to; ad + finis boundary, limit.] Joined in affinity or by any tie. [Obs.] =All affined and kin.8
Shak.
AfOfin6iOtaOtive (?), a. Of the nature of affinity. P AfOfin6iOtaOtiveOly, adv.
AfOfin6iOtive, a. Closely connected, as by affinity. AfOfin6iOty (?), n.; pl. Affinities (?). [OF. afinit, F. affinit, L. affinites, fr. affinis. See Affined.] 1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife’s blood relations, or between a wife and her husband’s blood relations); P in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; P followed by with, to, or between.
Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. 1 Kings iii. 1.
2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages.
There is a close affinity between imposture and credulity. Sir G. C. Lewis.
2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.] About forty years past, I began a happy affinity with William Cranmer.
Burton.
4. (Chem.) That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective ~ or attraction.
5. (Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or highe? groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin.
6. (Spiritualism) A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction. AfOfirm6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affirmed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Affirming.] [OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer, affermir, fr. L. affirmare; ad + firmare to make firm, firmus firm. See Firm.] 1. To make firm; to confirm, or ratify; esp. (Law), to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appelate court for review.
2. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; P opposed to deny.
Jesus,… whom Paul affirmed to be alive. Acts xxv. 19.
3. (Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction. See Affirmation, 4.
Syn. P To assert; aver; declare; asseverate; assure; pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. P To Affirm, Asseverate, Aver, Protest. We affirm when we declare a thing as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a peculiarly earnest manner, or with increased positiveness as what can not be disputed. We aver it, or formally declare it to be true, when we have positive knowledge of it. We protest in a more public manner and with the energy of perfect sincerity. People asseverate in order to produce a conviction of their veracity; they aver when they are peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they wish to free themselves from imputations, or to produce a conviction of their innocence.
AfOfirm6, v. i. 1. To declare or assert positively. Not that I so affirm, though so it seem
To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth. Milton.
2. (Law) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.
AfOfirm6aOble (?), a. Capable of being affirmed, asserted, or declared; P followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable of every just man.
AfOfirm6ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. afermance.] 1. Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act. This statute… in affirmance of the common law. Bacon.
2. A strong declaration; affirmation. Cowper.

AfOfirm6ant (?), n. [L. affirmans, Oantis, p. pr. See Affirm.] 1. One who affirms or asserts.
2. (Law) One who affirms of taking an oath. Af7firOma6tion (?), n. [L. affirmatio: cf. F. affirmation.] 1. Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law.
Hooker.
2. The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; P opposed to negation or denial.
3. That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive ?tatement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality. 4. (Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath. Bouvier.
AfOfirm6aOtive (?), a. [L. affirmativus: cf. F. affirmatif.] 1. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common law.
2. That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering =yes8 to a question; P opposed to negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote. 3. Positive; dogmatic. [Obs.]
J. Taylor.
Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito. Berkeley.
4. (logic) Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a proposition.
5. (Alg.) Positive; P a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.
AfOfirm6aOtive, n. 1. That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an ~ proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; P opposed to negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative.
Whether there are such beings or not, ‘t is sufficient for my purpose that many have believed the affirmative. Dryden.
2. A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes, that is so, etc.
AfOfirm6aOtiveOly, adv. In an affirmative manner; on the affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; P opposed to negatively.
AfOfirm6aOtoOry (?), a. Giving affirmation; assertive; affirmative.
Massey.
AfOfirm6er (?), n. One who affirms. AfOfix6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affixed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Affixing.] [LL. affixare, L. affixus, p. p. of affigere to fasten to; ad + figere to fasten: cf. OE. affichen, F. afficher, ultimately fr. L. affigere. See Fix.] 1. To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one’s name to a writing.
2. To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically. Should they [caterpillars] affix them to the leaves of a plant improper for their food.
Ray.
3. To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one. 4. To fix or fasten figuratively; P with on or upon; as, eyes affixed upon the ground. [Obs.]
Spenser.
Syn. P To attach; subjoin; connect; annex; unite. Af6fix (?), n.; pl. Affixes (?). [L. affixus, p. p. of affigere: cf. F. affixe.] That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.
AfOfix6ion (?), n. [L. affixio, fr. affigere.] Affixture. [Obs.]
T. Adams.
AfOfix6ture (?; 135), n. The act of affixing, or the state of being affixed; attachment.
AfOfla6tion (?), n. [L. afflatus, p. p. of afflare to blow or breathe on; ad + flare to blow.] A blowing or breathing on; inspiration.
AfOfla6tus (?), n. [L., fr. afflare. See Afflation.] 1. A breath or blast of wind.
2. A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse; inspiration.
A poet writing against his genius will be like a prophet without his afflatus.
Spence.
AfOflict6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afflicted; p. pr. & vb. n. Afflicting.] [L. afflictus, p. p. of affigere to cast down, deject; ad + fligere to strike: cf. OF. aflit, afflict, p. p. Cf. Flagellate.] 1. To strike or cast down; to overthrow. [Obs.] =Reassembling our afflicted powers.8 Milton.
2. To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment.
They did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens.
Exod. i. 11.
That which was the worst now least afflicts me. Milton.
3. To make low or humble. [Obs.]
Spenser.
Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted truth.
Jer. Taylor.
Syn. P To trouble; grieve; pain; distress; harass; torment; wound; hurt.
AfOflict6, p. p. & a. [L. afflictus, p. p.] Afflicted. [Obs.]
Becon.
AfOflict6edOness, n. The state of being afflicted; affliction. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
AfOflict6er (?), n. One who afflicts. AfOflict6ing, a. Grievously painful; distressing; afflictive; as, an afflicting event. P AfOflict6ingOly, adv. AfOflic6tion (?), n. [F. affliction, L. afflictio, fr. affligere.] 1. The cause of continued pain of body or mind, as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress; a pain or grief.
To repay that money will be a biting affliction. Shak.
2. The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or grief.
Some virtues are seen only in affliction. Addison.
Syn. P Calamity; sorrow; distress; grief; pain; adversity; misery; wretchedness; misfortune; trouble; hardship. P Affliction, Sorrow, Grief, Distress. Affliction and sorrow are terms of wide and general application; grief and distress have reference to particular cases. Affliction is the stronger term. The suffering lies deeper in the soul, and usually arises from some powerful cause, such as the loss of what is most dear P friends, health, etc. We do not speak of mere sickness or pain as =an affliction,8 though one who suffers from either is said to be afflicted; but deprivations of every kind, such as deafness, blindness, loss of limbs, etc., are called afflictions, showing that term applies particularly to prolonged sources of suffering. Sorrow and grief are much alike in meaning, but grief is the stronger term of the two, usually denoting poignant mental suffering for some definite cause, as, grief for the death of a dear friend; sorrow is more reflective, and is tinged with regret, as, the misconduct of a child is looked upon with sorrow. Grief is often violent and demonstrative; sorrow deep and brooding. Distress implies extreme suffering, either bodily or mental. In its higher stages, it denotes pain of a restless, agitating kind, and almost always supposes some struggle of mind or body. Affliction is allayed, grief subsides, sorrow is soothed, distress is mitigated.
AfOflic6tionOless (?), a. Free from affliction. AfOflic6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. afflictif.] Giving pain; causing continued or repeated pain or grief; distressing. =Jove’s afflictive hand.8
Pope.
Spreads slow disease, and darts afflictive pain. Prior.
AfOflic6tiveOly, adv. In an afflictive manner. Af6fluOence (?), n. [F. affluence, L. affluentia, fr. affluens, p. pr. of affluere to flow to; ad + fluere to flow. See Flux.] 1. A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx.
The affluence of young nobles from hence into Spain. Wotton.
There is an unusual affluence of strangers this year. Carlyle.
2. An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.; profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth. And old age of elegance, affluence, and ease. Coldsmith.
Syn. P Abundance; riches; profusion; exuberance; plenty; wealth; opulence.
Af6fluOenOcy (?), n. Affluence. [Obs.] Addison.
Af6fluOent (?), a. [Cf. F. affluent, L. affluens, Oentis, p. pr. See Affluence.] 1. Flowing to; flowing abundantly. =Affluent blood.8
Harvey.
2. Abundant; copious; plenteous; hence, wealthy; abounding in goods or riches.
Language… affluent in expression. H. Reed.
Loaded and blest with all the affluent store, Which human vows at smoking shrines implore. Prior.
Af6fluOent, n. A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream.
Af6fluOentOly, adv. Abundantly; copiously. AfOfluOentOness, n. Great plenty. [R.]
Af6flux7 (?), n. [L. affluxum, p. p. of affluere: cf. F. afflux. See Affluence.] A flowing towards; that which flows to; as, an afflux of blood to the head.
AfOflux6ion (?), n. The act of flowing towards; afflux. Sir T. Browne.
Af6foOdill (?), n. Asphodel. [Obs.] AfOforce6 (?), v. t. [OF. afforcier, LL. affortiare; ad + fortiare, fr. L. fortis strong.] To re nforce; to strengthen.
Hallam.
AfOforce6ment (?), n. [OF.] 1. A fortress; a fortification for defense. [Obs.]
Bailey.
2. A re nforcement; a strengthening. Hallam.
AfOfor6ciOaOment (?), n. See Afforcement. [Obs.] AfOford6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afforded; p. pr. & vb. n. Affording.] [OE. aforthen, AS. gefor?ian, for?ian, to further, accomplish, afford, fr. for? forth, forward. The prefix geO has no well defined sense. See Forth.] 1. To give forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result, fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives afford oil; the earth affords fruit; the sea affords an abundant supply of fish.
2. To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as, a good life affords consolation in old age. His tuneful Muse affords the sweetest numbers. Addison.
The quiet lanes… afford calmer retreats. Gilpin.
3. To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting, expending, with profit, or without loss or too great injury; as, A affords his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a sum yearly in charity.
4. To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act which might under other circumstances be injurious; P with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or rich enough.
The merchant can afford to trade for smaller profits. Hamilton.
He could afford to suffer
With those whom he saw suffer.
Wordsworth.

AfOford6aOble (?), a. That may be afforded. AfOford6ment (?), n. Anything given as a help; bestowal. [Obs.]
AfOfor6est (?), v. t. [LL. afforestare; ad + forestare. See Forest.] To convert into a forest; as, to afforest a tract of country.
AfOfor7esOta6tion (?), n. The act of converting into forest or woodland.
Blackstone.
AfOform6aOtive (?), n. An affix.
AfOfran6chise (?), v. t. [F. affranchir; ? (L. ad) + franc free. See Franchise and Frank.] To make free; to enfranchise.
Johnson.
AfOfran6chiseOment (?), n. [Cf. F. affranchissement.] The act of making free; enfranchisement. [R.] AfOfrap6 (?), v. t. & i. [Cf. It. affrappare, frappare, to cut, mince, F. frapper to strike. See Frap.] To strike, or strike down. [Obs.]
Spenser.
AfOfray6 (?), v. t. [p. p. Affrayed.] [OE. afraien, affraien, OF. effreer, esfreer, F. effrayer, orig. to disquiet, put out of peace, fr. L. ex + OHG. fridu peace (akin to E. free). Cf. Afraid, Fray, Frith inclosure.] [Archaic] 1. To startle from quiet; to alarm. Smale foules a great heap
That had afrayed [affrayed] me out of my sleep. Chaucer.
2. To frighten; to scare; to frighten away. That voice doth us affray.
Shak.
AfOfray6 (?), n. [OE. afrai, affrai, OF. esfrei, F. effroi, fr. OF. esfreer. See Affray, v. t.] 1. The act of suddenly disturbing any one; an assault or attack. [Obs.] 2. Alarm; terror; fright. [Obs.]
Spenser.
3. A tumultuous assault or quarrel; a brawl; a fray. =In the very midst of the affray.8
Motley.
4. (Law) The fighting of two or more persons, in a public place, to the terror of others.
Blackstone.
5 A fighting in private is not, in a legal sense, an affray. Syn. P Quarrel; brawl; scuffle; encounter; fight; contest; feud; tumult; disturbance.
AfOfray6er (?), n. One engaged in an affray. AfOfray6ment (?), n. Affray. [Obs.]
Spenser.
AfOfreight6 (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + freight: cf. F. affrter. See Freight.] To hire, as a ship, for the transportation of goods or freight.
AfOfreight6er (?), n. One who hires or charters a ship to convey goods.
AfOfreight6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. affrtement.] The act of hiring, or the contract for the use of, a vessel, or some part of it, to convey cargo.
AfOfret6 (?), n. [Cf. It. affrettare to hasten, fretta haste.] A furious onset or attack. [Obs.] Spenser.
AfOfric6tion (?), n. [L. affricare to rub on. See Friction.] The act of rubbing against. [Obs.]
AfOfriend6ed (?), p. p. Made friends; reconciled. [Obs.] =Deadly foes… affriended.8
Spenser.
AfOfright6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affrighted; p. pr. & vb. n. Affrighting.] [Orig. p. p.; OE. afright, AS. >fyrhtan to terrify; >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) + fyrhto fright. See Fright.] To impress with sudden fear; to frighten; to alarm.
Dreams affright our souls.
Shak.
A drear and dying sound
Affrights the flamens at their service quaint. Milton.
Syn. P To terrify; frighten; alarm; dismay; appall; scare; startle; daunt; intimidate.
AfOfright6, p. a. Affrighted. [Obs.] Chaucer.
AfOfright6, n. 1. Sudden and great fear; terror. It expresses a stronger impression than fear, or apprehension, perhaps less than terror.
He looks behind him with affright, and forward with despair. Goldsmith.
2. The act of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an object of dread.
B. Jonson.
AfOfright6edOly, adv. With fright.
Drayton.
AfOfright6en (?), v. t. To frighten. [Archaic] =Fit tales… to affrighten babes.8
Southey.
AfOfright6er (?), n. One who frightens. [Archaic] AfOfright6ful (?), a. Terrifying; frightful. P AfOfright6fulOly, adv. [Archaic]
Bugbears or affrightful apparitions. Cudworth.
AfOfright6ment (?), n. Affright; the state of being frightened; sudden fear or alarm. [Archaic] Passionate words or blows… fill the child’s mind with terror and affrightment.
Locke.
AfOfront6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affronted; p. pr. & vb. n. Affronting.] [OF. afronter, F. affronter, to confront, LL. affrontare to strike against, fr. L. ad + frons forehead, front. See Front.] 1. To front; to face in position; to meet or encounter face to face. [Obs.] All the seaOcoasts do affront the Levant. Holland.
That he, as ‘t were by accident, may here Affront Ophelia.
Shak.
2. To face in defiance; to confront; as, to confront; as, to affront death; hence, to meet in hostile encounter. [Archaic]
3. To offend by some manifestation of disrespect; to insult to the face by demeanor or language; to treat with marked incivility.
How can any one imagine that the fathers would have dared to affront the wife of Aurelius?
Addison.
Syn. P TO insult; abuse; outrage; wound; illtreat; slight; defy; offend; provoke; pique; nettle.
AfOfront6, n. [Cf. F. affront, fr. affronter.] 1. An encounter either friendly or hostile. [Obs.] I walked about, admired of all, and dreaded On hostile ground, none daring my affront. Milton.
2. Contemptuous or rude treatment which excites or justifies resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult. Offering an affront to our understanding. Addison.
3. An offense to one’s selfPrespect; shame. Arbuthnot.
Syn. P Affront, Insult, Outrage. An affront is a designed mark of disrespect, usually in the presence of others. An insult is a personal attack either by words or actions, designed to humiliate or degrade. An outrage is an act of extreme and violent insult or abuse. An affront piques and mortifies; an insult irritates and provokes; an outrage wounds and injures.
Captious persons construe every innocent freedom into an affront. When people are in a state of animosity, they seek opportunities of offering each other insults. Intoxication or violent passion impels men to the commission of outrages. Crabb.
AfOfronOt6(?), a. [F. affront, p. p.] (Her.) Face to face, or front to front; facing.
AfOfront6edOly (?), adv. Shamelessly. [Obs.] Bacon.
AfOfronOtee6, n. One who receives an affront. Lytton.
AfOfront6er (?), n. One who affronts, or insults to the face.
AfOfront6ingOly, adv. In an affronting manner. AfOfront6ive (?), a. Tending to affront or offend; offensive; abusive.
How affrontive it is to despise mercy. South.

AfOfront6iveOness (?), n. The quality that gives an affront or offense. [R.]
Bailey.
AfOfuse6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affused (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Affusing (?).] [L. affusus, p. p. of affundere to pour to; ad + fundere. See Fuse.] To pour out or upon. [R.] I first affused water upon the compressed beans. Boyle.
AfOfu6sion (?), n. [Cf. F. affusion.] The act of pouring upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as water upon a child in baptism. Specifically: (Med) The act of pouring water or other fluid on the whole or a part of the body, as a remedy in disease.
Dunglison.
AfOfy6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affied (?); p. ?r. Affying.] [OF. afier, LL. affidare. Cf. Affiance.] 1. To confide (one’s self to, or in); to trust. [Obs.] 2. To betroth or espouse; to affiance. [Obs.] Shak.
3. To bind in faith. [Obs.]
Bp. Montagu.
AfOfy6, v. i. To trust or confide. [Obs.] Shak.
Af6ghan (?), a. Of or pertaining to Afghanistan. Af6ghan, n. 1. A native of Afghanistan.
2. A kind of worsted blanket or wrap. AOfield6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + field.] 1. To, in, or on the field. =We drove afield.8
Milton.
How jocund did they drive their team afield! Gray.
2. Out of the way; astray.
Why should he wander afield at the age of fiftyPfive! Trollope.
AOfire6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + fire.] On fire. AOflame6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flame.] Inflames; glowing with light or passion; ablaze.
G. Eliot.
AOflat6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + flat.] Level with the ground; flat. [Obs.]
Bacon.
AOflaunt6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flaunt.] In a flaunting state or position.
Copley.
AOflick6er (?)(?), adv. & a [Pref. aO + flicker.] In a flickering state.
AOfloat6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + float.] 1. Borne on the water; floating; on board ship.
On such a full sea are we now afloat. Shak.
2. Moving; passing from place to place; in general circulation; as, a rumor is afloat.
3. Unfixed; moving without guide or control; adrift; as, our affairs are all afloat.
AOflow6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flow.] Flowing. Their founts aflow with tears.
R. Browning.
AOflush6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flush, n.] In a flushed or blushing state.
AOflush6, adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flush, a.] On a level. The bank is… aflush with the sea.
Swinburne.
AOflut6ter (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flutter.] In a flutter; agitated.
AOfoam6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + foam.] In a foaming state; as, the sea is all afoam.
AOfoot6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + foot.] 1. On foot. We ‘ll walk afoot a while.
Shak.
2. Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress. The matter being afoot.
Shak.
AOfore6 (?), adv. [OE. afore, aforn, AS. onforan or tforan; pref. aO + fore.] 1. Before. [Obs. or Dial.] If he have never drunk wine afore.
Shak.
2. (Naut.) In the fore part of a vessel. AOfore6, prep. 1. Before (in all its senses). [Archaic] 2. (Naut.) Before; in front of; farther forward than; as, afore the windlass.
w the mast, among the common sailors; P a phrase used to distinguish the ship’s crew from the officers. AOfore6cit7ed (?), a. Named or quoted before. AOfore6go7ing (?), a. GoFng before; foregoing. AOfore6hand7 (?)(?) adv. Beforehand; in anticipation. [Archaic or Dial.]
She is come aforehand to anoint my body. Mark xiv. 8.
AOfore6hand7, a. Prepared; previously provided; P opposed to behindhand. [Archaic or Dial.]
Aforehand in all matters of power.
Bacon.
AOfore6men7tioned (?), a. Previously mentioned; beforePmentioned.
Addison.
AOfore6named7 (?), a. Named before. Peacham.
AOfore6said7 (?), a. Said before, or in a preceding part; already described or identified.
AOfore6thought7 (?), a. Premeditated; prepense; previously in mind; designed; as, malice aforethought, which is required to constitute murder.
Bouvier.
AOfore6thought7, n. Premeditation.
AOfore6time7 (?), adv. In time past; formerly. =He prayed… as he did aforetime.8
Dan. vi. 10.
X A for7tiOo6ri (?). [L.] (Logic & Math.) With stronger reason.
AOfoul6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + foul.] In collision; entangled.
Totten.
To run ~ of, to run against or come into collision with, especially so as to become entangled or to cause injury. AOfraid6 (?), p. a. [OE. afrayed, affraide, p. p. of afraien to affray. See Affray, and cf. Afeard.] Impressed with fear or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive. [Afraid comes after the noun it limits.] =Back they recoiled, afraid.8 Milton.
5 This word expresses a less degree of fear than terrified or frightened. It is followed by of before the object of fear, or by the infinitive, or by a dependent clause; as, to be afraid of death. =I am afraid to die.8 =I am afraid he will chastise me.8 =Be not afraid that I your hand should take.8 Shak. I am afraid is sometimes used colloquially to soften a statement; as, I am afraid I can not help you in this matter.
Syn. P Fearful; timid; timorous; alarmed; anxious. Af6reet (?), n. Same as Afrit.
AOfresh6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + fresh.] Anew; again; once more; newly.
They crucify… the Son of God afresh. Heb. vi. 6.
Af6ric (?), a. African. P n. Africa. [Poetic] Af6riOcan (?), a. [L. Africus, Africanus, fr. Afer African.] Of or pertaining to Africa.
w hemp, a fiber prerared from the leaves of the Sanseviera Guineensis, a plant found in Africa and India. P w marigold, a tropical American plant (Tagetes erecta). P w oak or w teak, a timber furnished by Oldfieldia Africana, used in ship building.
Af6riOcan, n. A native of Africa; also one ethnologically belonging to an African race.
Af7riOcan6der (?), n. One born in Africa, the offspring of a white father and a =colored8 mother. Also, and now commonly in Southern Africa, a native born of European settlers. Af6riOcanOism (?), n. A word, phrase, idiom, or custom peculiar to Africa or Africans. =The knotty Africanisms… of the fathers.8
Milton.
Af6riOcanOize (?), v. t. To place under the domination of Africans or negroes. [Amer.]
Bartlett.
Af6rit (?), Af6rite (?), Af6reet (?), n. [Arab. ‘ifrFt.] (Moham. Myth.) A powerful evil jinnee, demon, or monstrous giant.
AOfront6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + front.] In front; face to face. P prep. In front of.
Shak.
Aft (?), adv. & a. [AS. ftan behind; orig. superl. of of, off. See After.] (Naut.) Near or towards the stern of a vessel; astern; abaft.
Aft6er (?), a. [AS. fter after, behind; akin to Goth. aftaro, aftra, backwards, Icel. aptr, Sw. and Dan. efter, OHG. aftar behind, Dutch and LG. achter, Gr. ? further off. The ending Oter is an old comparative suffix, in E. generally Other (as in other), and after is a compar. of of, off. ? See Of; cf. Aft.] 1. Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of life. Marshall.
5 In this sense the word is sometimes needlessly combined with the following noun, by means of a hyphen, as, afterPages, afterPact, afterPdays, afterPlife. For the most part the words are properly kept separate when after has this meaning.
2. Hinder; nearer the rear. (Naut.) To ward the stern of the ship; P applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway. It is often combined with its noun; as, afterPbowlines, afterPbraces, afterPsails, afterPyards, those on the mainmasts and mizzenmasts.
w body (Naut.), the part of a ship abaft the dead flat, or middle part.
Aft6er, prep. 1. Behind in place; as, men in line one after another. =Shut doors after you.8
Shak.
2. Below in rank; next to in order. Shak.
Codrus after Ph?bus sings the best. Dryden.
3. Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was interposed between it and the clause.
After I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. Matt. xxvi. 32.
4. Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you have said, I shall be careful.
5. Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our advice, you took that course.
6. Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in pursuit of.
Ye shall not go after other gods.
Deut. vi. 14.
After whom is the king of Israel come out? 1 Sam. xxiv. 14.
7. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to; as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness.
8. In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of; as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens; the boy takes after his father.
To name or call ~, to name like and reference to. Our eldest son was named George after his uncle. Goldsmith.
9. According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the nature of; as, he acted after his kind.
He shall not judge after the sight of his eyes. Isa. xi. 3.
They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh.
Rom. viii. 5.
10. According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting. [Archaic]
He takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and currency, and not after their intrinsic value. Bacon.
w all, when everything has been considered; upon the whole. P w (with the same noun preceding and following), as, wave after wave, day after day, several or many (waves, etc.) successively. P One ~ another, successively. P To be ~, to be pursuit of in order to reach or get; as, he is after money.
Aft6er, adv. Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he follows after.
It was about the space of three hours after. Acts. v. 7.
5 After is prefixed to many words, forming compounds, but retaining its usual signification. The prefix may be adverbial, prepositional, or adjectival; as in afterP described, afterOdinner, afterPpart. The hyphen is sometimes needlessly used to connect the adjective after with its noun. See Note under After, a., 1.
Aft6erObirth7 (?), n. (Med.) The placenta and membranes with which the fetus is connected, and which come away after delivery.
Aft6erOcast7 (?), n. A throw of dice after the game in ended; hence, anything done too late.
Gower.
Aft6erOclap7 (?), n. An unexpected subsequent event; something disagreeable happening after an affair is supposed to be at an end.
Spenser.
Aft6erOcrop7 (?), n. A second crop or harvest in the same year.
Mortimer.
Aft6er damp7 (?). An irrespirable gas, remaining after an explosion of fire damp in mines; choke damp. See Carbonic acid.
Aft6erPdin7ner (?), n. The time just after dinner. =An afterOdinner’s sleep.8 Shak. [Obs.] P a. Following dinner; postPprandial; as, an afterPdinner nap.
Aft6erPeat7age (?), n. Aftergrass.
Aft6erOeye7 (?), v. t. To look after. [Poetic] Shak.
Aft6erOgame7 (?), n. A second game; hence, a subsequent scheme or expedient.
Wotton.
w at Irish, an ancient game very nearly resembling backgammon.
Beau. & Fl.
Aft6erPglow7 (?), n. A glow of refulgence in the western sky after sunset.
Aft6erOgrass7 (?), n. The grass that grows after the first crop has been mown; aftermath.
Aft6erOgrowth7 (?), n. A second growth or crop, or (metaphorically) development.
J. S. Mill.
Aft6erOguard7 (?), n. (Naut.) The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the afterPsails.
Totten.
Aft6erPim7age (?), n. The impression of a vivid sensation retained by the retina of the eye after the cause has been removed; also extended to impressions left of tones, smells, etc.
Aft6erOings (?), n. pl. The last milk drawn in milking; strokings. [Obs. or Dial.]
Grose.
Aft6erOmath (?), n. [After + math. See Math.] A second moving; the grass which grows after the first crop of hay in the same season; rowen.
Holland.
Aft6erPmen7tioned (?), a. Mentioned afterwards; as, persons afterPmentioned (in a writing).
Aft6erOmost (?), a. superl. [OE. eftemest, AS. ftemest,akin to Gothic aftumist and aftuma, the last, orig. a superlative of of, with the superlative endings Ote, Ome, Ost.] 1. Hindmost; P opposed to foremost.
2. (Naut.) Nearest the stern; most aft. Aft6erOnoon6 (?), n. The part of the day which follows noon, between noon and evening.
Aft6erPnote7 (?), n. (Mus.) One of the small notes occur on the unaccented parts of the measure, taking their time from the preceding note.
Aft6erOpains7 (?), n. pl. (Med.) The pains which succeed childbirth, as in expelling the afterbirth. Aft6erOpiece7 (?), n. 1. A piece performed after a play, usually a farce or other small entertainment. 2. (Naut.) The heel of a rudder.
Aft6erPsails7 (?), n. pl. (Naut.) The sails on the mizzenmast, or on the stays between the mainmast and mizzenmast.
Totten.
Aft6erOshaft7 (?), n. (Zol.) The hypoptilum. Aft6erOtaste7 (?), n. A taste which remains in the mouth after eating or drinking.
Aft6erOthought7 (?), n. Reflection after an act; later or subsequent thought or expedient.
Aft6erOwards (?), Aft6erOward (?), } adv. [AS. fteweard, a., behind. See Aft, and Oward (suffix). The final s in afterwards is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending.] At a later or succeeding time.
Aft6erOwise7 (?), a. Wise after the event; wise or knowing, when it is too late.
Aft6erPwit7 (?), n. Wisdom or perception that comes after it can be of use. =AfterPwit comes too late when the mischief is done.8
L’Estrange.
Aft6erPwit7ted (?), a. Characterized by afterwit; slowPwitted.
Tyndale.
Aft6most (?), a. (Naut.) Nearest the stern. Aft6ward (?), adv. (Naut.) Toward the stern. X AOga6 or X AOgha6 (?), n. [Turk. adh> a great lord, chief master.] In Turkey, a commander or chief officer. It is used also as a title of respect.
AOgain6 (?; 277), adv. [OE. agein, agayn, AS. ongegn, onge n, against, again; on + ge n, akin to Ger. gegewn against, Icel. gegn. Cf. Gainsay.] 1. In return, back; as, bring us word again.
2. Another time; once more; anew.
If a man die, shall he live again?
Job xiv. 14.
3. Once repeated; P of quantity; as, as large again, half as much again.
4. In any other place. [Archaic]
Bacon.
5. On the other hand. =The one is mi sovereign… the other again is my kinsman.8
Shak.
6. Moreover; besides; further.
Again, it is of great consequence to avoid, etc. Hersche?.
w and ~, more than once; often; repeatedly. P Now and ~, now and then; occasionally. P To and ~, to and fro. [Obs.] De Foe.
5 Again was formerly used in many verbal combinations, as, againPwitness, to witness against; againPride, to ride against; againOcome, to come against, to encounter; againObring, to bring back, etc.
AOgain6 (?), AOgains6 (?), } prep. Against; also, towards (in order to meet). [Obs.]
Albeit that it is again his kind.
Chaucer.
AOgain6buy7 (?), v. t. To redeem. [Obs.] Wyclif.
AOgain6say7 (?), v. t. To gainsay. [Obs.] Wyclif.
AOgainst6 (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.] 1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; P in this sense often preceded by over. Jacob saw the angels of God come against him. Tyndale.
2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof.
3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to run a race against time.
The gate would have been shut against her. Fielding.
An argument against the use of steam. Tyndale.
4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.] Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from Damascus.
2 Kings xvi. 11.
w the sun, in a direction contrary to that in which the sun appears to move.
AOgain6stand7 (?), v. t. To withstand. [Obs.] AOgain6ward (?), adv. Back again. [Obs.]

X Ag7aOlac6tiOa (?), Ag6aOlax7y (?), } n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?, ?, milk.] (Med.) Failure of the due secretion of milk after childbirth.
Ag7aOlac6tous (?), a. Lacking milk to suckle with. X A7galPa6gal (?), n. Same as AgarPagar. Ag6alOloch (?), X AOgal6loOchum (?), } n. [Gr. ?, of Eastern origin: cf. Skr. aguru, Heb. pl. ah>tFm.] A soft, resinous wood (Aquilaria Agallocha) of highly aromatic smell, burnt by the orientals as a perfume. It is called also agal?wood and aloes wood. The name is also given to some other species.
Ag7alOmat6oOlite (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, image, statue + Olite: cf. F. agalmatolithe.] (Min.) A soft, compact stone, of a grayish, greenish, or yellowish color, carved into images by the Chinese, and hence called figure stone, and pagodite. It is probably a variety of pinite.
X Ag6aOma (?), n. pl. Agamas (?). [From the Caribbean name of a species of lizard.] (Zol.) A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards.
X Ag6aOmi (?), n. pl. Agamis (?). [F. agami, fr. the native name.] (Zol.) A South American bird (Psophia crepitans), allied to the cranes, and easily domesticated; P called also the goldPbreasted trumpeter. Its body is about the size of the pheasant. See Trumpeter.
AOgam6ic (?), a. [See Agamous.] (a) (Biol.) Produced without sexual union; as, agamic or unfertilized eggs. (b) Not having visible organs of reproduction, as flowerless plants; agamous.
AOgam6icOalOly (?), adv. In an agamic manner. Ag6aOmist (?), n. [See Agamous.] An unmarried person; also, one opposed to marriage.
Foxe.
X Ag7aOmoOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? unmarried (? priv. + ? marriage) + ? reproduction.] (Biol.) Reproduction without the union of parents of distinct sexes: asexual reproduction.
Ag7aOmoOgeOnet6ic (?), n. (Biol.) Reproducing or produced without sexual union. P Ag7aOmoOgeOnet6icOalOly (?), adv. All known agamogenetic processes end in a complete return to the primitive stock.
Huxley.
Ag6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? unmarried; ? priv. + ? marriage.] (Biol.) Having no visible sexual organs; asexual. In Bot., cryptogamous.
AOgan7gliOo6nic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + ganglionic.] (Physiol.) Without ganglia.
AOgape6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gape.] Gaping, as with wonder, expectation, or eager attention. Dazzles the crowd and sets them all agape. Milton.
X Ag6aOpe (?), n.; pl. Agap (?). [Gr. ? love, pl. ?.] The love feast of the primitive Christians, being a meal partaken of in connection with the communion. X A7garPa6gar (?), n. [Ceylonese local name.] A fucus or seaweed much used in the East for soups and jellies; Ceylon moss (Gracilaria lichenoides).
Ag6aOric (?; 277), n. [L. agaricum, Gr. ?, said to be fr. Agara, a town in Sarmatia.] 1. (Bot.) A fungus of the genus Agarius, of many species, of which the common mushroom is an example.
2. An old name for several species of Polyporus, corky fungi growing on decaying wood.
5 The =female agaric8 (Polyporus officinalic) was renowned as a cathartic; the =male agaric8 (Polyporus igniarius) is used for preparing touchwood, called punk of German tinder. w mineral, a light, chalky deposit of carbonate of ?ime, sometimes called rock milk, formed in caverns or fissures of limestone.
AOgasp6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gasp.] In a state of gasping.
Coleridge.
AOgast6 or AOghast6 (?), v. t. To affright; to terrify. [Obs.]
Chaucer. Spenser.
AOgast6 (?), p. p. & a. See Aghast. AOgas6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? stomach.] (Physiol.) Having to stomach, or distinct digestive canal, as the tapeworm.
AOgate6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO on + gate way.] On the way; agoing; as, to be agate; to set the bells agate. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]
Cotgrave.
Ag6ate (?), n. [F. agate, It. agata, L. achates, fr. Gr. ?.] 1. (Min.) A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz, presenting various tints in the same specimen. Its colors are delicately arranged in stripes or bands, or blended in clouds.
5 The fortification agate, or Scotch pebble, the moss agate, the clouded agate, etc., are familiar varieties. 2. (Print.) A kind of type, larger than pearl and smaller than nonpareil; in England called ruby.
5 This line is printed in the type called agate. 3. A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small figures cut in ~ for rings and seals. [Obs.] Shak.
4. A tool used by goldPwire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; P so called from the ~ fixed in it for burnishing. Ag7aOtif6erOous (?), a. [Agate + Oferous.] Containing or producing agates.
Craig.
Ag6aOtine (?), a. Pertaining to, or like, agate. Ag6aOtize (?), v. t. [Usually p. p. Agatized (?).] To convert into agate; to make resemble agate. Dana.
Ag6aOty (?), a. Of the nature of agate, or containing agate. AOga6ve (?), n. [L. Agave, prop. name, fr. Gr. ?, fem. of ? illustrious, noble.] (bot.) A genus of plants (order Amaryllidace) of which the chief species is the maguey or century plant (A. Americana), wrongly called Aloe. It is from ten to seventy years, according to climate, in attaining maturity, when it produces a gigantic flower stem, sometimes forty feet in height, and perishes. The fermented juice is the pulque of the Mexicans; distilled, it yields mescal. A strong thread and a tough paper are made from the leaves, and the wood has many uses.
AOgazed6 (?), p. p. [Only in p. p.; another spelling for aghast.] Gazing with astonishment; amazed. [Obs.] The whole army stood agazed on him.
Shak.
Age (?), n. [OF. aage, eage, F. ge, fr. L. aetas through a supposed LL. aetaticum. L. aetas is contracted fr. aevitas, fr. aevum lifetime, ~; akin to E. aye ever. Cf. Each.] 1. The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or other kind; lifetime.
Mine age is as nothing before thee. Ps. xxxix. 5.
2. That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the present age of a man, or of the earth?
3. The latter part of life; an advanced period of life; seniority; state of being old.
Nor wrong mine age with this indignity. Shak.
4. One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of youth, etc.
Shak.
5. Mature ~; especially, the time of life at which one attains full personal rights and capacities; as, to come of age; he (or she) is of age. Abbott. In the United States, both males and females are of age when twentyone years old. 6. The time of life at which some particular power or capacity is understood to become vested; as, the age of consent; the age of discretion.
Abbott.
7. A particular period of time in history, as distinguished from others; as, the golden age, the age of Pericles. =The spirit of the age.8
Prescott.
Truth, in some age or other, will find her witness. Milton.
Archeological ages are designated as three: The Stone age (the early and the later stone ~, called paleolithic and neolithic), the Bronze age, and the Iron age. During the Age of Stone man is supposed to have employed stone for weapons and implements.
See Augustan, Brazen, Golden, Heroic, Middle. 8. A great period in the history of the Earth. The geologic ages are as follows: 1. The Archan, including the time when was no life and the time of the earliest and simplest forms of life. 2. The age of Invertebrates, or the Silurian, when the life on the globe consisted distinctively of invertebrates. 3. The age of Fishes, or the Devonian, when fishes were the dominant race. 4. The age of Coal Plants, or Acrogens, or the Carboniferous age. 5. The Mesozoic or Secondary age, or age of Reptiles, when reptiles prevailed in great numbers and of vast size. 6. The Tertiary age, or age of Mammals, when the mammalia, or quadrupeds, abounded, and were the dominant race. 7. The Quaternary age, or age of Man, or the modern era.
Dana.
9. A century; the period of one hundred years. Fleury… apologizes for these five ages. Hallam.
10. The people who live at a particular period; hence, a generation. =Ages yet unborn.8
Pope.
The way which the age follows.
J. H. Newman.
Lo! where the stage, the poor, degraded stage, Holds its warped mirror to a ?aping age. C. Sprague.
11. A long time. [Colloq.] =He made minutes an age.8 Tennyson.
w of a tide, the time from the origin of a tide in the South Pacific Ocean to its arrival at a given place. P Moon’s ~, the time that has elapsed since the last preceding conjunction of the sun and moon.
5 Age is used to form the first part of many compounds; as, agelasting, agePadorning, agePworn, agePenfeebled, agelong. Syn. P Time; period; generation; date; era; epoch. Age, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aging (?).] To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of ~; as, he grew fat as he aged.
They live one hundred and thirty years, and never age for all that.
Holland.
I am aging; that is, I have a whitish, or rather a lightPcolored, hair here and there.
Landor.
Age, v. t. To cause to grow old; to impart the characteristics of ~ to; as, grief ages us. A6ged (?), a. 1. Old; having lived long; having lived almost to or beyond the usual time allotted to that species of being; as, an aged man; an aged oak.
2. Belonging to old age. =Aged cramps.8 Shak.
3. (?) Having a certain age; at the age of; having lived; as, a man aged forty years.
A6gedOly, adv. In the manner of an aged person. A6gedOness, n. The quality of being aged; oldness. Custom without truth is but agedness of error. Milton.
Age6less (?), a. Without old age limits of duration; as, fountains of ageless youth.
AOgen6 (?), adv. & prep. See Again. [Obs.] A6genOcy (?), n.; pl. Agencies (?). [LL. agentia, fr. L. agens, agentis: cf. F. agence. See Agent.] 1. The faculty of acting or of exerting power; the state of being in action; action; instrumentality.
The superintendence and agency of Providence in the natural world.
Woodward.
2. The office of an agent, or factor; the relation between a principal and his agent; business of one intrusted with the concerns of another.
3. The place of business of am agent. Syn. P Action; operation; efficiency; management. A6gend (?), n. See Agendum. [Obs.]
X AOgen6dum (?), n.; pl. Agenda (?). [L., neut. of the gerundive of agere to act.] 1. Something to be done; in the pl., a memorandum book.
2. A church service; a ritual or liturgy. [In this sense, usually Agenda.]
Ag7eOnes6ic (?), a. [See Agensis.] (Physiol.) Characterized by sterility; infecund.
X AOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? birth.] (Physiol.) Any imperfect development of the body, or any anomaly of organization.
X Ag7enOne6sis (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? an engendering.] (Physiol.) Impotence; sterility.
A6gent (?), a. [L. agens, agentis, p. pr. of agere to act; akin to Gr. ? to lead, Icel. aka to drive, Skr. aj. ?.] Acting? P opposed to patient, or sustaining, action. [Archaic] =The body agent.8
Bacon.
A6gent, n. 1. One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor.
Heaven made us agents, free to good or ill. Dryden.
2. One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from him; one intrusted with the business of another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor. 3. An active power or cause; that which has the power to produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal agent; as, heat is a powerful agent.
AOgen6tial (?), a. Of or pertaining to an agent or an agency.
Fitzed. Hall.
A6gentOship (?), n. Agency.
Beau. & Fl.
X AOger6aOtum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a sort of plant; ? priv. + ? old age.] (Bot.) A genus of plants, one species of which (A. Mexicanum) has lavenderPblue flowers in dense clusters.
AfOgen7erOa6tion (?), n. [L. aggenerare to beget in addition. See Generate.] The act of producing in addition. [Obs.]
T. Stanley.
X Ag6ger (?), n. [L., a mound, fr. aggerere to bear to a place, heap up; ad + gerere to bear.] An earthwork; a mound; a raised work. [Obs.]
Hearne.
Ag6gerOate (?), v. t. [L. aggeratus, p. p. of aggerare. See Agger.] To heap up. [Obs. or R.]
Foxe.
Ag7gerOa6tion (?), n. [L. aggeratio.] A heaping up; accumulation; as, aggerations of sand. [R.] Ag7gerOose6 (?), a. In heaps; full of heaps. AgOgest6 (?), v. t. [L. aggestus, p. p. of aggerere. See Agger.] To heap up. [Obs.]
The violence of the waters aggested the earth. Fuller.
AgOglom6erOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglomerated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Agglomerating (?).] [L. agglomeratus, p. p. of agglomerare; ad + glomerare to form into a ball. See Glomerate.] To wind or collect into a ball; hence, to gather into a mass or anything like a mass.
Where he builds the agglomerated pile. Cowper.
AgOglom6erOate, v. i. To collect in a mass. AgOglom6erOate (?), AgOglom6erOa7ted (?), } a. 1. Collected into a ball, heap, or mass.
2. (Bot.) Collected into a rounded head of flowers. AgOglom6erOate (?), n. 1. A collection or mass. 2. (Geol.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by heat; P distinguished from conglomerate. AgOglom7erOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. agglomration.] 1. The act or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together. An excessive agglomeration of turrets.
Warton.
2. State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster. AgOglom6erOaOtive (?), a. Having a tendency to gather together, or to make collections.
Taylor is eminently discursive, accumulative, and (to use one of his own words) agglomerative.
Coleridge.
AgOglu6tiOnant (?), a. [L. agglutinans, Oantis, p. pr. of agglutinare.] Uniting, as glue; causing, or tending to cause, adhesion. P n. Any viscous substance which causes bodies or parts to adhere.
AgOglu6tiOnate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglutinated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Agglutinating.] [L. agglutinatus, p. p. of agglutinare to glue or cement to a thing; ad + glutinare to glue; gluten glue. See Glue.] To unite, or cause to adhere, as with glue or other viscous substance; to unite by causing an adhesion of substances.
AgOglu6tiOnate (?), a. 1. United with glue or as with glue; cemented together.
2. (physiol.) Consisting of root words combined but not materially altered as to form or meaning; as, agglutinate forms, languages, etc. See Agglutination, 2. AgOglu7tiOna6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. agglutination.] 1. The act of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts. 2. (Physiol.) Combination in which root words are united with little or no change of form or loss of meaning. See Agglutinative, 2.
AgOglu6tiOnaOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. agglutinatif.] 1. Pertaining to agglutination; tending to unite, or having power to cause adhesion; adhesive.
2. (Philol.) Formed or characterized by agglutination, as a language or a compound.
In agglutinative languages the union of words may be compared to mechanical compounds, in inflective languages to chemical compounds.
R. Morris.
Cf. manPkind, heirPloom, warPlike, which are agglutinative compounds. The Finnish, Hungarian, Turkish, the Tamul, etc., are agglutinative languages.
R. Morris.
Agglutinative languages preserve the consciousness of their roots.
Max Mller.
AgOgrace6 (?), v. t. [Pref. aO + grace: cf. It. aggraziare, LL. aggratiare. See Grace.] To favor; to grace. [Obs.] =That knight so much aggraced.8
Spenser.

AgOgrace6 (?), n. Grace; favor. [Obs.] Spenser.
Ag6granOdi6zaOble (?), a. Capable of being aggrandized. AgOgran7diOza6tion (?), n. Aggrandizement. [Obs.] Waterhouse.
Ag6granOdize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrandized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aggrandizing (?).] [F. agrandir; (L. ad) + grandir to increase, L. grandire, fr. grandis great. See Grand, and cf. Finish.] 1. To make great; to enlarge; to increase; as, to aggrandize our conceptions, authority, distress.
2. To make great or greater in power, rank, honor, or wealth; P applied to persons, countries, etc. His scheme for aggrandizing his son.
Prescott.
3. To make appear great or greater; to exalt. Lamb.
Syn. P To augment; exalt; promote; advance. Ag6granOdize, v. i. To increase or become great. [Obs.] Follies, continued till old age, do aggrandize. J. Hall.
AgOgran6dizeOment (?; 277), n. [Cf. F. agrandissement.] The act of aggrandizing, or the state of being aggrandized or exalted in power, rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation; enlargement; as, the emperor seeks only the aggrandizement of his own family.
Syn. P Augmentation; exaltation; enlargement; advancement; promotion; preferment.
Ag6granOdi7zer (?), n. One who aggrandizes, or makes great. AgOgrate6 (?), v. t. [It. aggratare, fr. L. ad + gratus pleasing. See Grate, a.] To please. [Obs.] Each one sought his lady to aggrate.
Spenser.
Ag6graOvate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggravated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aggravating.] [L. aggravatus, p. p. of aggravare. See Aggrieve.] 1. To make heavy or heavier; to add to; to increase. [Obs.] =To aggravate thy store.8 Shak.
2. To make worse, or more severe; to render less tolerable or less excusable; to make more offensive; to enhance; to intensify. =To aggravate my woes.8
Pope.
To aggravate the horrors of the scene. Prescott.
The defense made by the prisioner’s counsel did rather aggravate than extenuate his crime.
Addison.
3. To give coloring to in description; to exaggerate; as, to aggravate circumstances.
Paley.
4. To exasperate; to provoke; to irritate. [Colloq.] If both were to aggravate her parents, as my brother and sister do mine.
Richardson (Clarissa).
Syn. P To heighten; intensify; increase; magnify; exaggerate; provoke; irritate; exasperate. Ag6graOva7ting (?), a. 1. Making worse or more heinous; as, aggravating circumstances.
2. Exasperating; provoking; irritating. [Colloq.] A thing at once ridiculous and aggravating. J. Ingelow.
Ag6graOva7tingOly, adv. In an aggravating manner. Ag7graOva6tion (?), n. [LL. aggravatio: cf. F. aggravation.] 1. The act of aggravating, or making worse; P used of evils, natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences. 2. Exaggerated representation.
By a little aggravation of the features changed it into the Saracen’s head.
Addison.
3. An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the guilt of a crime or the misery of a calamity. 4.Provocation; irritation. [Colloq.]
Dickens.
Ag6graOvaOtive (?), a. Tending to aggravate. P n. That which aggravates.
Ag6greOgate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggregated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aggregating.] [L. aggregatus, p. p. of aggregare to lead to a flock or herd; ad + gregare to collect into a flock, grex flock, herd. See Gregarious.] 1. To bring together; to collect into a mass or sum. =The aggregated soil.8
Milton.
2. To add or unite, as, a person, to an association. It is many times hard to discern to which of the two sorts, the good or the bad, a man ought to be aggregated. Wollaston.
3. To amount in the ~ to; as, ten loads, aggregating five hundred bushels. [Colloq.]
Syn. P To heap up; accumulate; pile; collect. Ag6greOgate (?), a. [L. aggregatus, p. p.] 1. Formed by a collection of particulars into a whole mass or sum; collective.
The aggregate testimony of many hundreds. Sir T. Browne.
2. (Anat.) Formed into clusters or groups of lobules; as, aggregate glands.
3. (Bot.) Composed of several florets within a common involucre, as in the daisy; or of several carpels formed from one flower, as in the raspberry.
4. (Min. & Geol.) Having the several component parts adherent to each other only to such a degree as to be separable by mechanical means.
5. (Zol.) United into a common organized mass; P said of certain compound animals.
Corporation ~. (Law) See under Corporation. Ag6greOgate, n. 1. A mass, assemblage, or sum of particulars; as, a house is an aggregate of stone, brick, timber, etc.
5 In an aggregate the particulars are less intimately mixed than in a compound.
2. (Physics) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous particles; P in distinction from a compound, formed by the union of heterogeneous particles.
In the ~, collectively; together.
Ag6greOgateOly, adv. Collectively; in mass. Ag7greOga6tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. aggregatio, F. agrgation.] The act of aggregating, or the state of being aggregated; collection into a mass or sum; a collection of particulars; an aggregate.
Each genus is made up by aggregation of species. Carpenter.
A nation is not an idea only of local extent and individual momentary aggregation, but… of continuity, which extends in time as well as in numbers, and in space. Burke.
Ag6greOgaOtive (?), a. [Cf. Fr. agrgatif.] 1. Taken together; collective.
2. Gregarious; social. [R.]
Carlyle.
Ag6greOga7tor (?), n. One who aggregates. AgOgrege6 (?), v. t. [OF. agreger. See Aggravate.] To make heavy; to aggravate. [Obs.]
Chaucer.
AgOgress6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aggressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aggressing.] [L. aggressus, p. p. of aggredi to go to, approach; ad + gradi to step, go, gradus step: cf. OF. aggresser. See Grade.] To commit the first act of hostility or offense; to begin a quarrel or controversy; to make an attack; P with on.
AgOgress6, v. t. To set upon; to attack. [R.] AgOgress6, n. [L. aggressus.] Aggression. [Obs.] Their military aggresses on others.
Sir M. Hale.
AgOgres6sion (?), n. [L. aggressio, fr. aggredi: cf. F. agression.] The first attack, or act of hostility; the first act of injury, or first act leading to a war or a controversy; unprovoked attack; assault; as, a war of aggression. =Aggressions of power.8
Hallam
Syn. P Attack; offense; intrusion; provocation. AgOgres6sive (?), a. [Cf. F. agressif.] Tending or disposed to aggress; characterized by aggression; making assaults; unjustly attacking; as, an aggressive policy, war, person, nation. P AgOgres6siveOly, adv. P AgOgres6siveOness, n. No aggressive movement was made.
Macaulay.
AgOgres6sor (?), n. {L.: cf. F. agresseur.] The person who first attacks or makes an aggression; he who begins hostility or a quarrel; an assailant.
The insolence of the aggressor is usually proportioned to the tameness of the sufferer.
Ames.
AgOgriev6ance (?), n. [OF. agrevance, fr. agrever. See Aggrieve.] Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance. [Archaic]
AgOgrieve6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrieved (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aggrieving (?).] [OE. agreven, OF. agrever; a (L. ad) + grever to burden, injure, L. gravare to weigh down, fr. gravis heavy. See Grieve, and cf. Aggravate.] To give pain or sorrow to; to afflict; hence, to oppress or injure in one’s rights; to bear heavily upon; P now commonly used in the passive TO be aggrieved.
Aggrieved by oppression and extortion. Macaulay.
AgOgrieve6, v. i. To grieve; to lament. [Obs.] AgOgroup6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrouped (?); . pr. & vb. n. Aggrouping.] [F. agrouper; (L. ad) + groupe group. See Group..] To bring together in a group; to group. Dryden.
AgOgroup6ment (?), n. Arrangement in a group or in groups; grouping.
X Ag6gry, X Ag6gri (?), a. Applied to a kind of variegated glass beads of ancient manufacture; as, aggry beads are found in Ashantee and Fantee in Africa.
AOghast6 (?), v. t. See Agast, v. t. [Obs.] AOghast6 (?), a & p. p. [OE. agast, agasted, p. p. of agasten to terrify, fr. AS. pref. >O (cf. Goth. usO, G. erO, orig. meaning out) + g?stan to terrify, torment: cf. Goth. usgaisjan to terrify, primitively to fix, to root to the spot with terror; akin to L. haerere to stick fast, cling. See Gaze, Hesitate.] Terrified; struck with amazement; showing signs of terror or horror.
Aghast he waked; and, starting from his bed, Cold sweat in clammy drops his limbs o’erspread. Dryden.
The commissioners read and stood aghast. Macaulay.
Ag6iOble (?), a. [Cf. LL. agibilis, fr. L. agere to move, do.] Possible to be done; practicable. [Obs.] =Fit for agible things.8
Sir A. Sherley.
Ag6ile (?), a. [F. agile, L. agilis, fr. agere to move. See Agent.] Having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs; apt or ready to move; nimble; active; as, an agile boy; an agile tongue.
Shaking it with agile hand.
Cowper.
Syn. P Active; alert; nimble; brisk; lively; quick. Ag6ileOly, adv. In an agile manner; nimbly. Ag6ileOness, n. Agility; nimbleness. [R.] AOgil6iOty (?), n. [F. agili, L. agilitas , fr. agilis.] 1. The quality of being agile; the power of moving the limbs quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of motion; as, strength and agility of body. They… trust to the agility of their wit. Bacon.
Wheeling with the agility of a hawk. Sir W. Scott.
2. Activity; powerful agency. [Obs.] The agility of the sun’s fiery heat.
Holland.
Ag6iOo (?), n.; pl. Agios (?). [It. aggio exchange, discount, premium, the same word as agio ease. See Ease.] (Com.) The premium or percentage on a better sort of money when it is given in exchange for an inferior sort. The premium or discount on foreign bills of exchange is sometimes called agio.
Ag6iOoOtage (?), n. [F. agiotage, fr. agioter to practice stockjobbing, fr. agio.] Exchange business; also, stockjobbing; the maneuvers of speculators to raise or lower the price of stocks or public funds.
Vanity and agiotage are to a Parisian the oxygen and hydrogen of life.
Landor.
AOgist6 (?), v. t. [OF. agister; (L. ad) + gister to assign a lodging, fr. giste lodging, abode, F. g te, LL. gistum, gista, fr. L. jacitum, p. p. of jac?re to lie: cf. LL. agistare, adgistare. See Gist.] (Law) To take to graze or pasture, at a certain sum; P used originally of the feeding of cattle in the king’s forests, and collecting the money for the same.
Blackstone.
Ag7isOta6tor (?), n. [LL.] See Agister. AOgist6er, AOgist6or } (?), n. [AngloPNorman agistour.] (Law) (a) Formerly, an officer of the king’s forest, who had the care of cattle agisted, and collected the money for the same; P hence called gisttaker, which in England is corrupted into guestPtaker. (b) Now, one who agists or takes in cattle to pasture at a certain rate; a pasturer. Mozley & W.
AOgist6ment (?), n. [OF. agistement. See Agist.] (Law) (a) Formerly, the taking and feeding of other men’s cattle in the king’s forests. (b) The taking in by any one of other men’s cattle to graze at a certain rate. Mozley & W. (c) The price paid for such feeding. (d) A charge or rate against lands; as, an agistment of sea banks, i. e., charge for banks or dikes.
Ag6iOtaOble (?), a. [L. agitabilis: cf. F. agitable.] Capable of being agitated, or easily moved. [R.] Ag6iOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agitated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Agitating (?).] [L. agitatus, p. p. of agitare to put in motion, fr. agere to move: cf. F. agiter. See Act, Agent.] 1. To move with a violent, irregular action; as, the wind agitates the sea; to agitate water in a vessel. =Winds… agitate the air.8
Cowper.
2. To move or actuate. [R.]
Thomson.
3. To stir up; to disturb or excite; to perturb; as, he was greatly agitated.
The mind of man is agitated by various passions. Johnson.
4. To discuss with great earnestness; to debate; as, a controversy hotly agitated.
Boyle.
5. To revolve in the mind, or view in all its aspects; to contrive busily; to devise; to plot; as, politicians agitate desperate designs.
Syn. P To move; shake; excite; rouse; disturb; distract; revolve; discuss; debate; canvass.
Ag6iOta7tedOly, adv. In an agitated manner. Ag7iOta6tion (?), n. [L. agitatio: cf. F. agitation.] 1.The act of agitating, or the state of being agitated; the state of being moved with violence, or with irregular action; commotion; as, the sea after a storm is in agitation. 2. A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity; disturbance of mind which shows itself by physical excitement; perturbation; as, to cause any one agitation. 3. Excitement of public feeling by discussion, appeals, etc.; as, the antislavery agitation; labor agitation. =Religious agitations.8
Prescott.
4. Examination or consideration of a subject in controversy, or of a plan proposed for adoption; earnest discussion; debate.
A logical agitation of the matter.
L’Estrange.
The project now in agitation.
Swift.
Syn. P Emotion; commotion; excitement; trepidation; tremor; perturbation. See Emotion.
Ag6iOtaOtive (?), a. Tending to agitate. X A7giOta6to (?), a. [It., agitated.] (Med.) Sung or played in a restless, hurried, and spasmodic manner. Ag6iOta7tor (?), n. [L.] 1. One who agitates; one who stirs up or excites others; as, political reformers and agitators. 2. (Eng. Hist.) One of a body of men appointed by the army, in Cromwell’s time, to look after their interests; P called also adjutators.
Clarendon.
3. An implement for shaking or mixing. AOgleam6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gleam.] Gleaming; as, faces agleam.
Lowell.
Ag6let (?), Aig6let (?), } n. [F. aiguillette point, tagged point, dim. of aiguilee needle, fr. LL. acucula for acicula, dim. of L. acus needle, pin?: cf. OF. agleter to hook on. See Acute, and cf. Aiguillette.] 1. A tag of a lace or of the points, braids, or cords formerly used in dress. They were sometimes formed into small images. Hence, =aglet baby= (Shak.), an aglet image.
2. (Haberdashery) A round white staylace. Beck.
AOgley6 (?), adv. Aside; askew. [Scotch] Burns.
AOglim6mer (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glimmer.] In a glimmering state.
Hawthorne.
AOglit6ter (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glitter.] Clittering; in a glitter.
AOglos6sal (?), a. [Gr. ?.] (Zol.) Without tongue; tongueless.
AOglow6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glow.] In a glow; glowing; as, cheeks aglow; the landscape all aglow. Ag7luOti6tion (?), n. [Pref. aO not + L. glutire to swallow.] (Med.) Inability to swallow.
Ag6miOnal (?), a. [L. agminalis; agmen, agminis, a train.] Pertaining to an army marching, or to a train. [R.] Ag6miOnate (?), Ag6miOna7ted (?), } a. [L. agmen, agminis, a train, crowd.] (Physiol.) Grouped together; as, the agminated glands of Peyer in the small intestine. Ag6nail (?), n. [AS. angngl; ange vexation, trouble + ngel nail. Cf. Hangnail.] 1. A corn on the toe or foot. [Obs.] 2. An inflammation or sore under or around the nail; also, a hangnail.
Ag6nate (?), a. [L. agnatus, p. p. of agnasci to be born in addition to; ad + nasci (for gnasci) to be born. Cf. Adnate.] 1. Related or akin by the father’s side; also, sprung from the same male ancestor.
2. Allied; akin. =Agnate words.8
Pownall.
Assume more or less of a fictitious character, but congenial and agnate with the former.
Landor.
Ag6nate, n. [Cf. F. agnat.] (Civil Law) A relative whose relationship can be traced exclusively through males. AgOnat6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. agnatique.] Pertaining to descent by the male line of ancestors. =The agnatic succession.8 Blackstone.
AgOna6tion (?), n. [L. agnatio: cf. F. agnation.] 1. (Civil Law) Consanguinity by a line of males only, as distinguished from cognation.
Bouvier.

2. Relationship; kinship by descent; as, an agnation between the Latin language and the German.
AgOni6tion (?), n. [L. agnitio, fr. agnoscere. See Notion.] Acknowledgment. [Obs.]
Grafton.
AgOnize6 (?), v. t. [Formed like recognize, fr. L. agnoscere.] To recognize; to acknowledge. [Archaic] I do agnize a natural and prompt alacrity. Shak.
Ag7noiOol6Ogy (?), n. [Gr. ? ignorance + Ology.] (Metaph.) The doctrine concerning those things of which we are necessarily ignorant.
X AgOno6men (?), n. [L.; ad + nomen name.] 1. An additional or fourth name given by the Romans, or account of some remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio Africanus.
2. An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as, Aristides the Just.
AgOnom6iOnate (?), v. t. To name. [Obs.] AgOnom7iOna6tion (?), n. [L. agnominatio. See Agnomen.] 1. A surname. [R.]
Minsheu.
2. Paronomasia; also, alliteration; annomination. AgOnos6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? knowing, ? to know.] Professing ignorance; involving no dogmatic; pertaining to or involving agnosticism. P AgOnos6ticOalOly (?), adv. AgOnos6tic, n. One who professes ignorance, or denies that we have any knowledge, save of phenomena; one who supports agnosticism, neither affirming nor denying the existence of a personal Deity, a future life, etc.
5 A name first suggested by Huxley in 1869. AgOnos6tiOcism (?), n. That doctrine which, professing ignorance, neither asserts nor denies. Specifically: (Theol.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind (as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); P opposed alike dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism. X Ag6nus (?), n.; pl. E. Agnuses (?); L. Agni (?). [L., a lamb.] Agnus Dei.
X Ag6nus cas6tus (?). [Gr. ? a willowlike tree, used at a religious festival; confused with ? holy, chaste.] (Bot.) A species of Vitex (V. agnus castus); the chaste tree. Loudon.
And wreaths of agnus castus others bore. Dryden.
X Ag6nus De6i (?). [L., lamb of God.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) A figure of a lamb bearing a cross or flag. (b) A cake of wax stamped with such a figure. It is made from the remains of the paschal candles and blessed by the Pope. (c) A triple prayer in the sacrifice of the Mass, beginning with the words =Agnus Dei.8
AOgo6 (?), a. & adv. [OE. ago, agon, p. p. of agon to go away, pass by, AS. >g>n to pass away; >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) + g>n to go. See Go.] Past; gone by; since; as, ten years ago; gone long ago. AOgog6 (?), a. & adv. [Cf. F. gogue fun, perhaps of Celtic origin.] In eager desire; eager; astir.
All agog to dash through thick and thin. Cowper.
AOgo6ing (?), adv. [Pref. aO + p. pr. of go.] In motion; in the act of going; as, to set a mill agoing. X Ag6on (?), n.; pl. Agones (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? to lead.] (gr. Antiq.) A contest for a prize at the public games. AOgone6 (?), a. & adv. Ago. [Archaic & Poet.] Three days agone I fell sick.
1 Sam. xxx. 13.
A6gone (?), n. [See Agonic.] Agonic line. AOgon6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? without angles; ? priv. + ? an angle.] Not forming an angle.
w line (Physics), an imaginary line on the earth’s surface passing through those places where the magnetic ?eodle points to the true north; the line of no magnetic variation. There is one such line in the Western hemisphere, and another in the Eastern hemisphere.
Ag6oOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to contend for a prize, fr. ?. See Agon.] Contention for a prize; a contest. [Obs. & R.] Blount.
Ag6oOnist (?), n. [Gr. ?.] One who contends for the prize in public games. [R.]
Ag7oOnis6tic (?), Ag7oOnis6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?. See Agonism.] Pertaining to violent contests, bodily or mental; pertaining to athletic or polemic feats; athletic; combative; hence, strained; unnatural.
As a scholar, he [Dr. Parr] was brilliant, but he consumed his power in agonistic displays.
De Quincey.
Ag7oOnis6ticOalOly, adv. In an agonistic manner. Ag7oOnis6tics (?), n. The science of athletic combats, or contests in public games.
Ag6oOnize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Agonized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Agonizing (?).] [F. agoniser, LL. agonizare, fr. Gr. ?. See Agony.] 1. To writhe with agony; to suffer violent anguish.
To smart and agonize at every pore. Pope.
2. To struggle; to wrestle; to strive desperately. Ag6oOnize, v. t. To cause to suffer agony; to subject to extreme pain; to torture.
He agonized his mother by his behavior. Thackeray.
Ag6oOni7zingOly (?), adv. With extreme anguish or desperate struggles.
Ag6oOnoOthete7 (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? to set. appoint.] [Antiq.] An officer who presided over the great public games in Greece.
Ag7oOnoOthet6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to the office of an agonothete.
Ag6oOny (?), n.; pl. Agonies (?). [L. agonia, Gr. ?, orig. a contest, fr. ?: cf. F. agonie. See Agon.] 1. Violent contest or striving.
The world is convulsed by the agonies of great nations. Macaulay.
2. Pain so extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of the body, similar to those made in the athletic contests in Greece; and hence, extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; paroxysm of grief; specifically, the sufferings of Christ in the garden of Gethsemane.
Being in an agony he prayed more earnestly. Luke xxii. 44.
3. Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion.
With cries and agonies of wild delight. Pope.
4. The last struggle of life; death struggle. Syn. P Anguish; torment; throe; distress; pangs; suffering. P Agony, Anguish, Pang. These words agree in expressing extreme pain of body or mind. Agony denotes acute and permanent pain, usually of the whole system., and often producing contortions. Anguish denotes severe pressure, and, considered as bodily suffering, is more commonly local (as anguish of a wound), thus differing from agony. A pang is a paroxysm of excruciating pain. It is severe and transient. The agonies or pangs of remorse; the anguish of a wounded conscience. =Oh, sharp convulsive pangs of agonizing pride !8
Dryden.
APgood6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + good.] In earnest; heartily. [Obs.] =I made her weep agood.8
Shak.
X Ag6oOra (?), n. [Gr. ?.] An assembly; hence, the place of assembly, especially the market place, in an ancient Greek city.
X AOgou6aOra (?), n. [Native name.] (Zol.) The crabPeating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus), found in the tropical parts of America.
X AOgou6ta (?), n. [Native name.] (Zol.) A small insectivorous mammal (Solenodon paradoxus), allied to the moles, found only in Hayti.
AOgou6ti, AOgou6ty } (?), n. [F. agouti, acouti, Sp. aguti, fr. native name.] (Zol.) A rodent of the genus Dasyprocta, about the size of a rabbit, peculiar to South America and the West Indies. The most common species is the Dasyprocta agouti.
AOgrace6 (?), n. & v. See Aggrace. [Obs.] AOgraffe6 (?), n. [F. agrafe, formerly agraffe, OF. agrappe. See Agrappes.] 1. A hook or clasp.
The feather of an ostrich, fastened in her turban by an agraffe set with brilliants.
Sir W. Scott.
2. A hook, eyelet, or other device by which a piano wire is so held as to limit the vibration.
AOgram6maOtist (?), n. [Gr. ? illiterate; ? priv. + ? letters, fr. ? to write.] A illiterate person. [Obs.] Bailey.
X AOgraph6iOa (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? to write.] The absence or loss of the power of expressing ideas by written signs. It is one form of aphasia.
AOgrah6ic (?), a. Characterized by agraphia. AOgrappes6 (?), n. pl. [OF. agrappe, F. agrafe; a + grappe (see Grape) fr. OHG. kr>pfo hook.] Hooks and eyes for armor, etc.
Fairholt.
AOgra6riOan (?), a. [L. agrarius, fr. ager field.] 1. Pertaining to fields, or lands, or their tenure; esp.,