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Hipp.) an eruption, thrush, fr. ? to set on fire, inflame.] (Med.) Roundish pearlPcolored specks or flakes in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are commonly characteristic of thrush.
Aph6thoid , a. [Aphtha + Ooid.] Of the nature of aphth; resembling thrush.
Aph6thong (?; 277), n. [Gr. ? silent; ? priv. + ? voice, sound, fr. ? to sound.] A letter, or a combination of letters, employed in spelling a word, but in the pronunciation having no sound. P AphOthon6gal (?), a. Aph6thous (?)(?) a. [Cf. F. aphtheux.] Pertaining to, or caused by, aphth; characterized by apht; as, aphthous ulcers; aphthous fever.
Aph6ylOlous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? leaf.] (Bot.) Destitute of leaves, as the broom rape, certain euphorbiaceous plants, etc.
A7piOa6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Umbelliferous. A6piOan (?), a. Belonging to bees.
A7piOa6riOan (?), a. Of or relating to bees. A6piOaOrist (?), n. One who keeps an apiary. A6piOaOry (?), n. [L. apiarium, fr. apis bee.] A place where bees are kept; a stand or shed for bees; a beehouse. Ap6icOal (?), a. [L. apex, apicis, tip or summit.] At or belonging to an apex, tip, or summit.
Gray.
X Ap6iOces (?), n. pl. See Apex.
AOpi6cian (?), a. [L. Apicianus.] Belonging to Apicius, a notorious Roman epicure; hence applied to whatever is peculiarly refined or dainty and expensive in cookery. H. Rogers.
AOpic6uOlar , a. [NL. apiculus, dim. of L. apex, apicis.] Situated at, or near, the apex; apical.

AOpic6uOlate (?), AOpic6uOla7ted (?), } a. [See Apicular.] (Bot.) Terminated abruptly by a small, distinct point, as a leaf.
Ap6iOcul7ture (?; 135), n. [L. apis bee + E. culture.] Rearing of bees for their honey and wax. AOpiece6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + piece.] Each by itself; by the single one; to each; as the share of each; as, these melons cost a shilling apiece. =Fined… a thousand pounds apiece.8
Hume.
AOpie6ces (?), adv. In pieces or to pieces. [Obs.] =Being torn apieces.8
Shak.
AOpik6ed (?), a. Trimmed. [Obs.]
Full fresh and new here gear apiked was. Chaucer.
A6piOol (?), n. [L. apium parsley + Ool.] (Med.) An oily liquid derived from parsley.
A7piOol6oOgist (?), n. [L. apis bee + Ologist (see Ology).] A student of bees. [R.]
Emerson.
X A6pis (?), n. [L., bee.] (Zol.) A genus of insects of the order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee (Apis mellifica) and other related species. See Honeybee. Ap6ish (?), a. Having the qualities of an ape; prone to imitate in a servile manner. Hence: Apelike; fantastically silly; foppish; affected; trifling.
The apish gallantry of a fantastic boy. Sir W. Scott.
Ap6ishOly, adv. In an apish manner; with servile imitation; foppishly.
Ap6ishOness, n. The quality of being apish; mimicry; foppery.
AOpit6pat , adv. [Pref. aO + pitpat.] With quick beating or palpitation; pitapat.
Congreve.
Ap7laOcen6tal , a. [Pref. aO + placental.] Belonging to the Aplacentata; without placenta.
X Ap7laOcenOta6ta , n. pl. [Pref. aO not + placenta.] (Zol.) Mammals which have no placenta.
X Ap7laOcoph6oOra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? a flat cake + ? to bear.] (Zol.) A division of Amphineura in which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or set, but is without shelly plates.
Ap7laOnat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? disposed to wander, wandering, ? to wander.] (Opt.) Having two or more parts of different curvatures, so combined as to remove spherical aberration; P said of a lens.
w focus of a lens (Opt.), the point or focus from which rays diverging pass the lens without spherical aberration. In certain forms of lenses there are two such foci; and it is by taking advantage of this fact that the best ~ object glasses of microscopes are constructed.
AOplan6aOtism (?), n. Freedom from spherical aberration. AOplas6tic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + plastic.] Not plastic or easily molded.
X A7plomb6 (?), n. [F., lit. perpendicularity; ? to + plomb lead. See Plumb.] Assurance of manner or of action; selfPpossession.
AOplot6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ? simple + ? a cutting.] (Surg.) Simple incision.
Dunglison.
X AOplus6tre (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rom. Antiq.) An ornamental appendage of wood at the ship’s stern, usually spreading like a fan and curved like a bird’s feather. Audsley.
X AOplys6iOa (?), n. [Gr. ? a dirty sponge, fr. ? unwashed; ? priv. + ? to wash.] (Zol.) A genus of marine mollusks of the order Tectibranchiata; the sea hare. Some of the species when disturbed throw out a deep purple liquor, which colors the water to some distance. See Illust. in Appendix. X ApOneu6moOna (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, a lung.] (Zol.) An order of holothurians in which the internal respiratory organs are wanting; P called also Apoda or Apodes.
X ApOn?6a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, breath, ? to breathe, blow.] (Med.) Partial privation or suspension of breath; suffocation.
Ap6o (?). [Gr. ?. See AbO.] A prefix from a Greek preposition. It usually signifies from, away from, off, or asunder, separate; as, in apocope (a cutting off), apostate, apostle (one sent away), apocarpous.
AOpoc6aOlypse (?), n. [L. apocalypsis, Gr. ?, fr. ? to uncover, to disclose; ? from + ? to cover, conceal: cf. F. apocalypse.] 1. The revelation delivered to St. John, in the isle of Patmos, near the close of the first century, forming the last book of the New Testament.
2. Anything viewed as a revelation; as disclosure. The new apocalypse of Nature.
Carlyle.
AOpoc7aOlyp6tic (?), AOpoc7aOlyp6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to a revelation, or, specifically, to the Revelation of St. John; containing, or of the nature of, a prophetic revelation.
w number, the number 666, mentioned in Rev. xiii. 18. It has been variously interpreted.

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AOpoc7aOlyp6tic (?), AOpoc7aOlyp6tist, n. The writer of the Apocalypse.
AOpoc7aOlyp6ticOalOly (?), adv. By revelation; in an apocalyptic manner.
Ap7oOcar6pous , a. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? fruit.] (Bot.) Either entirely of partially separate, as the carpels of a compound pistil; P opposed to syncarpous.
Lindley.
AOpoc6oOpate (?), v. t. [LL. apocopatus, p. p. of apocopare to cut off, fr. L. apocore. See Apocope.] (Gram.) To cut off or drop; as, to apocopate a word, or the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.
AOpoc6oOpate (?), AOpoc6oOpa7ted (?), } a. Shortened by apocope; as, an apocopate form.
AOpoc7oOpa6tion (?), n. Shortening by apocope; the state of being apocopated.
X AOpoc6oOpe, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? a cutting off, fr. ? to cut off; ? from + ? to cut.] 1. The cutting off, or omission, of the last letter, syllable, or part of a word. 2. (Med.) A cutting off; abscission.
Ap7oOcris6iOaOry (?), X Ap7oOcris7iOa6riOus (?), } n. [L. apocrisiarius, apocrisarius, fr. Gr. ? answer, fr. ? to answer; ? from + ? to separate.] (Eccl.) A delegate or deputy; especially, the pope’s nuncio or legate at Constantinople.
Ap7oOcrus6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? able to drive off, fr. ? to drive off.] (Med.) Astringent and repellent. P n. An apocrustic medicine.
AOpoc6ryOpha (?), n. pl., but often used as sing. with pl. Apocryphas (?). [L. apocryphus apocryphal, Gr. ? hidden, spurious, fr. ? to hide; ? from + ? to hide.] 1. Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; P formerly used also adjectively. [Obs.]
Locke.
2. Specif.: Certain writings which are received by some Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but are rejected by others.
5 Fourteen such writings, or books, formed part of the Septuagint, but not of the Hebrew canon recognized by the Jews of Palestine. The Council of Trent included all but three of these in the canon of inspired books having equal authority. The German and English Reformers grouped them in their Bibles under the title Apocrypha, as not having dogmatic authority, but being profitable for instruction. The Apocrypha is now commonly ?mitted from the King James’s Bible.
AOpoc6ryOphal (?), a. 1. Pertaining to the Apocrypha. 2. Not canonical. Hence: Of doubtful authority; equivocal; mythic; fictitious; spurious; false.
The passages… are, however, in part from apocryphal or fictitious works.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
AOpoc6ryOphalOist, n. One who believes in, or defends, the Apocrypha. [R.]
AOpoc6ryOphalOly, adv. In an apocryphal manner; mythically; not indisputably.
AOpoc6ryOphalOness, n. The quality or state of being apocryphal; doubtfulness of credit or genuineness. AOpoc7yOna6ceous (?), Ap7oOcyn6eOous (?), a. [Gr. ? dogbane; ? from + ? dog.]] (Bot.) Belonging to, or resembling, a family of plants, of which the dogbane (Apocynum) is the type.
AOpoc6yOnin (?), n. [From Apocynum, the generic name of dogbane.] (Chem.) A bitter principle obtained from the dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum).
Ap6od (?), Ap6oOdal (?), } a. [See Apod, n.] 1. Without feet; footless.
2. (Zol.) Destitute of the ventral fin, as the eels. Ap6od (?), Ap6ode (?), } n.; pl. Apods (?) or Apodes (?). [Gr. ?, ?, footless; ? priv. + ?, ?, foot.] (Zol.) One of certain animals that have no feet or footlike organs; esp. one of certain fabulous birds which were said to have no feet.
5 The bird of paradise formerly had the name Paradisea apoda, being supposed to have no feet, as these were wanting in the specimens first obtained from the East Indies. X Ap6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?. See Apod, n.] (Zol.) (a) A group of cirripeds, destitute of footlike organs. (b) An order of Amphibia without feet. See Ophiomorpha. (c) A group of worms without appendages, as the leech.
Ap6oOdan (?), a. (Zol.) Apodal.
Ap6oOdeic6tic (?), Ap7oOdic6tic (?), Ap7oOdeic6ticOal (?), Ap7oOdic6ticOal (?), } a. [L. apodicticus, Gr. ?, fr. ? to point out, to show by argument; ? from + ? to show.] SelfPevident; intuitively true; evident beyond contradiction.
Brougham. Sir Wm. Hamilton.
Ap7oOdeic6ticOalOly, Ap7oOdic6ticOalOly, adv. So as to be evident beyond contradiction.
Ap6oOdeme (?), n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? body.] (Zol.) One of the processes of the shell which project inwards and unite with one another, in the thorax of many Crustacea. X Ap6oOdes (?), n. pl. [NL., masc. pl. See Apoda.] (Zol.) (a) An order of fishes without ventral fins, including the eels. (b) A group of holothurians destitute of suckers. See Apneumona.
Ap7oOdic6tic (?), a. Same as Apodeictic. X Ap7oOdix6is (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ?.] Full demonstration.
X AOpod6oOsis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to give back; ? from, back again + ? to give.] (Gram.) The consequent clause or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, =Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him,8 the former clause is the protasis, and the latter the apodosis. 5 Some grammarians extend the terms protasis and apodosis to the introductory clause and the concluding clause, even when the sentence is not conditional.
Ap6oOdous (?)(?), a. (Zol.) Apodal; apod. X AOpod7yOte6riOum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to strip one’s self.] (Anc. Arch.) The apartment at the entrance of the baths, or in the palestra, where one stripped; a dressing room.
Ap7oOga6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? far from the earth.] Apogean. Ap7oOgam6ic (?), a. Relating to apogamy. AOpog6aOmy (?), n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? marriage.] (Bot.) The formation of a bud in place of a fertilized ovule or ospore.
De Bary.
Ap7oOge6al (?), a. (Astron.) Apogean. Ap7oOge6an (?), a. Connected with the apogee; as, apogean (neap) tides, which occur when the moon has passed her apogee.
Ap6oOgee (?), n. [Gr. ? from the earth; ? from + ?, ?, earth: cf. F. apoge.] 1. (Astron.) That point in the orbit of the moon which is at the greatest distance from the earth.
5 Formerly, on the hypothesis that the earth is in the center of the system, this name was given to that point in the orbit of the sun, or of a planet, which was supposed to be at the greatest distance from the earth. 2. Fig.: The farthest or highest point; culmination. Ap7oOge7oOtrop6ic (?), a. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? earth + ? turning.] (Bot.) Bending away from the ground; P said of leaves, etc.
Darwin.
Ap6oOgeOot6roOpism (?), n. The apogeotropic tendency of some leaves, and other parts.
Ap6oOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? to write: cf. F. apographe.] A copy or transcript.
Blount.
Ap7oOhy6al (?), a. [Pref. apoO + the Gr. letter Y.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a portion of the horn of the hyoid bone. AOpoise6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + poise.] Balanced. AOpo6lar (?), a. [Pref. aO + polar.] (Biol.) Having no radiating processes; P applied particularly to certain nerve cells.
Ap7oOlaus6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to enjoy.] Devoted to enjoyment.
AOpol7liOna6riOan (?), a. [L. Apollinaris, fr. Apollo.] (Rom. Antiq.) In honor of Apollo; as, the Apollinarian games.
AOpol7liOna6riOan, n. (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea in the fourth century, who denied the proper humanity of Christ.
AOpol7liOna6ris wa6ter (?). An effervescing alkaline mineral water used as a table beverage. It is obtained from a spring in Apollinarisburg, near Bonn.
AOpol6lo (?), n. [L. Apollo, Olinis, Gr. ?.] (Classic Myth.) A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light and day (the =sun god8), of archery, prophecy, medicine, poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of manly grace and beauty; P called also Ph?bus. The w Belvedere, a celebrated statue of w in the Belvedere gallery of the Vatican palace at Rome, esteemed of the noblest representations of the human frame. Ap7olOlo6niOan (?), Ap7olOlon6ic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, Apollo.
AOpol6lyOon (?), n. [Gr. ? destroying, fr. ?, ?, to destroy utterly; ? from, entirely + ? to destroy.] The Destroyer; P a name used (Rev. ix. 11) for the angel of the bottomless pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.
AOpol6oOger (?), n. A teller of apologues. [Obs.] AOpol7oOget6ic (?), AOpol7oOget6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to speak in defense of; ? from + ? speech, ? to say, to speak. See Logic.] Defending by words or arguments; said or written in defense, or by way of apology; regretfully excusing; as, an apologetic essay. =To speak in a subdued and apologetic tone.8
Macaulay.
AOpol7oOget6icOalOly, adv. By way of apology. AOpol7oOget6ics (?), n. That branch of theology which defends the Holy Scriptures, and sets forth the evidence of their divine authority.
AOpol6oOgist (?), n. [Cf. F. apologiste.] One who makes an apology; one who speaks or writes in defense of a faith, a cause, or an institution; especially, one who argues in defense of Christianity.
AOpol6oOgize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Apologized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Apologizing.] [Cf. F. apologiser.] 1. To make an apology or defense.
Dr. H. More.
2. To make an apology or excuse; to make acknowledgment of some fault or offense, with expression of regret for it, by way of amends; P with for; as, my correspondent apologized for not answering my letter.
To apologize for his insolent language. Froude.
AOpol6oOgize, v. t. To defend. [Obs.] The Christians… were apologized by Plinie. Dr. G. Benson.
AOpol6oOgi7zer (?), n. One who makes an apology; an apologist.
Ap6oOlogue (?), n. [L. apologous, Gr. ?; ? from + ? speech, ? to speak: cf. F. apologue.] A story or relation of fictitious events, intended to convey some moral truth; a moral fable.
5 An apologue differs from a parable in this;: the parable is drawn from events which take place among mankind, and therefore requires probability in the narrative; the apologue is founded on supposed actions of brutes or inanimate things, and therefore is not limited by strict rules of probability. sop’s fables are good examples of apologues.
AOpol6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Apologies . [L. apologia, Gr. ?; ? from + ?: cf. F. apologie. See Apologetic.] 1. Something said or written in defense or justification of what appears to others wrong, or of what may be liable to disapprobation; justification; as, Tertullian’s Apology for Christianity. It is not my intention to make an apology for my poem; some will think it needs no excuse, and others will receive none. Dryden.
2. An acknowledgment intended as an atonement for some improper or injurious remark or act; an admission to another of a wrong or discourtesy done him, accompanied by an expression of regret.
3. Anything provided as a substitute; a makeshift. He goes to work devising apologies for window curtains. Dickens.
Syn. – Excuse. An apology, in the original sense of the word, was a pleading off from some charge or imputation, by explaining and defending one’s principles or conduct. It therefore amounted to a vindication. One who offers an apology, admits himself to have been, at least apparently, in the wrong, but brings forward some palliating circumstance, or tenders a frank acknowledgment, by way of reparation. We make an apology for some breach of propriety or decorum (like rude expressions, unbecoming conduct, etc.), or some deficiency in what might be reasonably expected. We offer an excuse when we have been guilty of some breach or neglect of duty; and we do it by way of extenuating our fault, and with a view to be forgiven. When an excuse has been accepted, an apology may still, in some cases, be necessary or appropriate. =An excuse is not grounded on the claim of innocence, but is rather an appeal for favor resting on some collateral circumstance. An apology mostly respects the conduct of individuals toward each other as equals; it is a voluntary act produced by feelings of decorum, or a desire for the good opinion of others.8
Crabb.
AOpol6oOgy (?), v. i. To offer an ~. [Obs.] For which he can not well apology.
J. Webster.
Ap7oOmeOcom6eOter , n. An instrument for measuring the height of objects.
Knight.
Ap7oOmeOcom6eOtry , n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? length + Ometry.] The art of measuring the distance of objects afar off. [Obs. or R.]
X Ap7oOmor6phiOa (?), Ap7oOmor6phine (?), } n. [Pref. apoO + morphia, morphine.] (Chem.) A crystalline alkaloid obtained from morphia. It is a powerful emetic.
X Ap7oOneuOro6sis (?), n.; pl. Aponeuroses (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? to pass into a tendon; ? from + ? to strain the sinews, ? sinew, tendon, nerve.] (Anat.) Any one of the thicker and denser of the deep fasci which cover, invest, and the terminations and attachments of, many muscles. They often differ from tendons only in being flat and thin. See Fascia. Ap7oOneuOrot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to an aponeurosis.
Ap7oOneuOrot6oOmy (?), n. [Aponeurosis + Gr. ? a cutting.] Dissection of aponeuroses.
Ap7oOpemp6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to send off or away; ? from + ? to send.] Sung or addressed to one departing; valedictory; as, apoplectic songs or hymns. X AOpoph6aOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? denial, fr. ? to speak out, to deny.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a speaker formally declines to take notice of a favorable point, but in such a manner as to produce the effect desired. [For example, see Mark Antony’s oration. Shak., Julius Csar, iii. 2.] Ap7oOphlegOmat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? full of phlegm. See Phlegmatic.] (Med.) Designed to facilitate discharges of phlegm or mucus from mouth or nostrils. P n. An ~ medicine. Ap7oOphleg6maOtism , n. [Gr. ?, Galen.] 1. (Med.) The action of apophlegmatics.
2. An apophlegmatic. [Obs.]
Bacon.
Ap7oOphlegOmat6iOzant (?), n. (Med.) An apophlegmatic. [Obs.]
Ap7ophOthegm (?), n. See Apothegm.
Ap7ophOthegOmat6ic (?), Ap7ophOthegOmat6icOal (?), a. Same as Apothegmatic.
X AOpoph6yOge (?), n. [Gr. ? escape, in arch. the curve with which the shaft escapes into its base or capital, fr. ? to ??ee away; ? from + ? to flee: cf. F. apophyge.] (Arch.) The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; P called also the scape.
Parker.
AOpoph6ylOlite (?), n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? leaf; so called from its foliated structure or easy cleavage.] (Min.) A mineral relating to the zeolites, usually occurring in square prisms or octahedrons with pearly luster on the cleavage surface. It is a hydrous silicate of calcium and potassium.
X AOpoph6yOsis (?), n.; pl. Oses. [NL., fr. Gr. ? offshoot, process of a bone, fr. ? to grow from; ? from + ?, ?, to grow.] 1. (Anat.) A marked prominence or process on any part of a bone.
2. (bot.) An enlargement at the top of a pedicel or stem, as seen in certain mosses.
Gray.
Ap7oOplec6tic (?)(?) Ap7oOplec6ticOal (?), } a. [L. apoplecticus, Gr. ?, fr. ?: cf. F. apoplectique. See Apoplexy.] Relating to apoplexy; affected with, inclined to, or symptomatic of, apoplexy; as, an apoplectic person, medicine, habit or temperament, symptom, fit, or stroke. Ap7oOplec6tic, n. One liable to, or affected with, apoplexy. Ap7oOplec6tiOform (?), Ap7oOplec6toid (?), a. [Apoplectic + Oform, Ooid.] Resembling apoplexy.
Ap6oOplex (?), n. Apoplexy. [Obs.]
Dryden.
Ap7oOplexed , a. Affected with apoplexy. [Obs.] Shak.

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Ap6oOplex7y (?), n. [OE. poplexye, LL. poplexia, apoplexia, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to cripple by a stroke; ? from + ? to strike: cf. F. apoplexie. See Plague.] (Med.) Sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion, usually caused by pressure on the brain. 5 The term is now usually limited to cerebral apoplexy, or loss of consciousness due to effusion of blood or other lesion within the substance of the brain; but it is sometimes extended to denote an effusion of blood into the substance of any organ; as, apoplexy of the lung. Ap7oOret6icOal (?), a. [Gr. ?. See Aporia.] Doubting; skeptical. [Obs.]
Cudworth.
X AOpo6riOa (?), n.; pl. Aporias . [L., doubt, Gr. ?, fr. ? without passage, at a loss; ? priv. + ? passage.] (Rhet.) A figure in which the speaker professes to be at a loss what course to pursue, where to begin to end, what to say, etc. X Ap7oOro6sa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?. See Aporia.] (Zol.) A group of corals in which the coral is not porous; P opposed to Perforata.
Ap7oOrose6 (?), a. (Zol.) Without pores. AOport6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + port.] (Naut.) On or towards the port or left side; P said of the helm. X Ap7oOsi7oOpe6sis (?; 277), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, from ? to be quite silent.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech in which the speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to state what was in his mind; as, =I declare to you that his conduct P but I can not speak of that, here.8 Ap7oOsit6ic , a. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? food.] (Med.) Destroying the appetite, or suspending hunger.
AOpos6taOsy (?), n.; pl. Apostasies (?). [OE. apostasie, F. apostasie, L. apostasia, fr. Gr. ? a standing off from, a defection, fr. ? to stand off, revolt; ? from + ? to stand. See Off and Stand.] An abandonment of what one has voluntarily professed; a total desertion of departure from one’s faith, principles, or party; esp., the renunciation of a religious faith; as, Julian’s apostasy from Christianity. AOpos6tate (?), n. [L. apostata, Gr. ?, fr. ?. See Apostasy.] 1. One who has forsaken the faith, principles, or party, to which he before adhered; esp., one who has forsaken his religion for another; a pervert; a renegade. 2. (R. C. Ch.) One who, after having received sacred orders, renounces his clerical profession.
AOpos6tate, a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, apostasy; faithless to moral allegiance; renegade. So spake the apostate angel.
Milton.
A wretched and apostate state.
Steele.
AOpos6tate, v. i. [L. apostatare.] To apostatize. [Obs.] We are not of them which apostate from Christ. Bp. Hall.
Ap7oOstat6ic (?), a. [L. apostaticus, Gr. ?.] Apostatical. [R.]
Ap7oOstat6icOal (?), a. Apostate.
An heretical and apostatical church. Bp. Hall.
AOpos6taOtize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Apostatized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Apostatizing.] [LL. apostatizare.] To renounce totally a religious belief once professed; to forsake one’s church, the faith or principles once held, or the party to which one has previously adhered.
He apostatized from his old faith in facts, took to believing in ?emblances.
Carlyle.
AOpos6teOmate (?), v. i. [See Aposteme.] To form an abscess; to swell and fill with pus.
Wiseman.
AOpos7teOma6tion (?), n. [LL. apostematio: cf. F. apostmation.] (Med.) The formation of an aposteme; the process of suppuration. [Written corruptly imposthumation.] Wiseman.
Ap7osOtem6aOtous (?), a. Pertaining to, or partaking of the nature of, an aposteme.
Ap6osOteme (?), n. [L. apostema, Gr. ? the separation of corrupt matter into an ulcer, fr. ? to stand off: cf. F. apost
me. See Apostasy.] (Med.) An abscess; a swelling filled with purulent matter. [Written corruptly imposthume.] X A7 posOte7riOo6ri (?). [L. a (ab) + posterior latter.] 1. (Logic) Characterizing that kind of reasoning which derives propositions from the observation of facts, or by generalizations from facts arrives at principles and definitions, or infers causes from effects. This is the reverse of a priori reasoning.
2. (Philos.) Applied to knowledge which is based upon or derived from facts through induction or experiment; inductive or empirical.
AOpos6til (?), AOpos6tille (?), } n. [F. apostille. See Postil.] A marginal note on a letter or other paper; an annotation.
Motley.
AOpos6tle (?), n. [OE. apostle, apostel, postle, AS. apostol, L. apostolus, fr. Gr. ? messenger, one sent forth or away, fr. ? to send off or away; ? from + ? to send; akin to G. stellen to set, E. stall: cf. F. aptre, Of. apostre, apostle, apostele, apostole.] 1. Literally: One sent forth; a messenger. Specifically: One of the twelve disciples of Christ, specially chosen as his companions and witnesses, and sent forth to preach the gospel.
He called unto him his disciples, and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles.
Luke vi. 13.
5 The title of apostle is also applied to others, who, though not of the number of the Twelve, yet were equal with them in office and dignity; as, =Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ.8 1 Cor. i. 1. In Heb. iii. 1, the name is given to Christ himself, as having been sent from heaven to publish the gospel. In the primitive church, other ministers were called apostles (Rom. xvi. 7). 2. The missionary who first plants the Christian faith in any part of the world; also, one who initiates any great moral reform, or first advocates any important belief; one who has extraordinary success as a missionary or reformer; as, Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France, John Eliot the apostle to the Indians, Theobald Mathew the apostle of temperance.
3. (Civ. & Admiralty Law) A brief letter dimissory sent by a court appealed from to the superior court, stating the case, etc.; a paper sent up on appeals in the admiralty courts. Wharton. Burrill.
Apostles’ creed, a creed of unknown origin, which was formerly ascribed to the apostles. It certainly dates back to the beginning of the sixth century, and some assert that it can be found in the writings of Ambrose in the fourth century. P w spoon (Antiq.), a spoon of silver, with the handle terminating in the figure of an ~. One or more were offered by sponsors at baptism as a present to the godchild. B. Jonson.
AOpos6tleOship (?), n. The office or dignity of an apostle. AOpos6toOlate (?), n. [L. apostolatus, fr. apostolus. See Apostle.] 1. The dignity, office, or mission, of an apostle; apostleship.
Judas had miscarried and lost his apostolate. Jer. Taylor.
2. The dignity or office of the pope, as the holder of the apostolic see.
Ap7osOtol6ic (?), Ap7osOtol6icOal (?), } a. [L. apostolicus, Gr. ?: cf. F. apostolique.] 1. Pertaining to an apostle, or to the apostles, their times, or their peculiar spirit; as, an apostolical mission; the apostolic age. 2. According to the doctrines of the apostles; delivered or taught by the apostles; as, apostolic faith or practice. 3. Of or pertaining to the pope or the papacy; papal. Apostolical brief. See under Brief. P Apostolic canons, a collection of rules and precepts relating to the duty of Christians, and particularly to the ceremonies and discipline of the church in the second and third centuries. P Apostolic church, the Christian church; P so called on account of its apostolic foundation, doctrine, and order. The churches of Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were called apostolic churches. P Apostolic constitutions, directions of a nature similar to the apostolic canons, and perhaps compiled by the same authors or author. P Apostolic fathers, early Christian writers, who were born in the first century, and thus touched on the age of the apostles. They were Polycarp, Clement, Ignatius, and Hermas; to these Barnabas has sometimes been added. P Apostolic king (or majesty), a title granted by the pope to the kings of Hungary on account of the extensive propagation of Christianity by St. Stephen, the founder of the royal line. It is now a title of the emperor of Austria in right of the throne of Hungary. P Apostolic see, a see founded and governed by an apostle; specifically, the Church of Rome; P so called because, in the Roman Catholic belief, the pope is the successor of St. Peter, the prince of the apostles, and the only apostle who has successors in the apostolic office. P Apostolical succession, the regular and uninterrupted transmission of ministerial authority by a succession of bishops from the apostles to any subsequent period. Hook.
Ap7osOtol6ic, n. [L. apostolicus.] (Eccl. Hist.) A member of one of certain ascetic sects which at various times professed to imitate the practice of the apostles. Ap7osOtol6icOalOly, adv. In an apostolic manner. Ap7osOtol6icOalOness, n. Apostolicity.
Dr. H. More.
Ap7osOtol6iOcism (?), AOpos7toOlic6iOty (?), } n. The state or quality of being apostolical.
AOpos6troOphe (?), n. [(1) L., fr. Gr. ? a turning away, fr. ? to turn away; ? from + ? to turn. (2) F., fr. L. apostrophus ~, the turning away or omitting of a letter, Gr. ?.] 1. (Rhet.) A figure of speech by which the orator or writer suddenly breaks off from the previous method of his discourse, and addresses, in the second person, some person or thing, absent or present; as, Milton’s apostrophe to Light at the beginning of the third book of =Paradise Lost.8 2. (Gram.) The contraction of a word by the omission of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by the character [‘] placed where the letter or letters would have been; as, call’d for called.
3. The mark [‘] used to denote that a word is contracted (as in ne’er for never, can’t for can not), and as sign of the possessive, singular and plural; as, a boy’s hat, boys’ hats. In the latter use it originally marked the omission of the letter e.
The ~ is used to mark the plural of figures and letters; as, two 10’s and three a’s. It is also employed to mark the close of a quotation.
Ap7osOtroph6ic (?), a. Pertaining to an apostrophe, grammatical or rhetorical.
AOpos6troOphize (?), v. t., [imp. & p. p. Apostrophized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Apostrophizing.] 1. To address by apostrophe.
2. To contract by omitting a letter or letters; also, to mark with an apostrophe (‘) or apostrophes. AOpos6troOphize, v. i. To use the rhetorical figure called apostrophe.
Ap6osOtume (?), n. See Aposteme. [Obs.] Ap7oOtac6tite (?), n. [LL. pl. apotactitae, Gr. ?, fr. ? set apart; ? from + ? to arrange, ordain.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of ancient Christians, who, in supposed imitation of the first believers, renounced all their possessions. AOpot6eOlesm (?), n. [See Apotelesmatic.] 1. The result or issue. [Obs.]
2. (Astrol.) The calculation and explanation of a nativity. [Obs.]
Bailey.
Ap7oOtel7esOmat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? effect of the stars on human destiny, fr. ? to complete; ? from + ? to end, ? end.] 1. Relating to the casting of horoscopes. [Archaic] Whewell.
2. Relating to an issue of fulfillment. In this way a passage in the Old Testament may have, or rather comprise, an apotelesmatic sense, i. e, one of after or final accomplishment.
M. Stuart.
AOpoth6eOcaOry (?), n.; pl. Apothecaries . [OE. apotecarie, fr. LL. apothecarius, fr. L. apotheca storehouse, Gr. ?, fr. ? to pu? away; ? from + ? to put: cf. F. apothicaire, OF. apotecaire. See Thesis.] One who prepares and sell? drugs or compounds for medicinal purposes.
5 In England an ~ is one of a privileged class of practitioners P a kind of subP physician. The surgeon ~ is the ordinary family medical attendant. One who sells drugs and makes up prescriptions is now commonly called in England a druggist or a pharmaceutical chemist.
Apothecaries’ weight, the system of weights by which medical prescriptions were formerly compounded. The pound and ounce are the same as in Troy weight; they differ only in the manner of subdivision. The ounce is divided into 8 drams, 24 scruples, 480 grains. See Troy weight.
X Apo7Othe6ciOum , n.; pl. Apothecia (?). [NL.] (Bot.) The ascigerous fructification of lichens, forming masses of various shapes.
Ap6oOthegm, Ap6ophOthegm } (?), n. [Gr. ? thing uttered, apothegm, from ? to speak out; ? from + ? to speak.] A short, pithy, and instructive saying; a terse remark, conveying some important truth; a sententious precept or maxim. [Apothegm is now the prevalent spelling in the United States.]
Ap7oOthegOmat6ic (?), Ap7oOthegOmat6icOal (?), } a. Gr. ?.] Pertaining to, or in the manner of, an apotghem; sententious; pithy.
Ap7oOtheg6maOtist (?), n. A collector or maker of apothegms. Pope.
Ap7oOtheg6maOtize (?), v. i. To utter apothegms, or short and sententious sayings.
Ap6oOthem (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? that which is placed, ? to place.] 1. (Math.) The perpendicular from the center to one of the sides of a regular polygon.
2. A deposit formed in a liquid extract of a vegetable substance by exposure to the air.
Ap7oOthe6oOsis (?; 277), n. pl. Apotheoses (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to deify; ? from + ? to deify, ? a god.] 1. The act of elevating a mortal to the rank of, and placing him among, =the gods;8 deification.
2. Glorification; exaltation. =The apotheosis of chivalry.8 Prescott. =The noisy apotheosis of liberty and machinery.8 F. Harrison.
Ap7oOthe6oOsize (?), v. t. To exalt to the dignity of a deity; to declare to be a god; to deify; to glorify. X AOpoth6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? a putting back or away, fr. ?. See Apothecary.] (Arch.) (a) A place on the south side of the chancel in the primitive churches, furnished with shelves, for books, vestments, etc. Weale. (b) A dressing room connected with a public bath.
X AOpot6oOme (?), n. [Gr. ? a cutting off, fr. ? to cut off; ? from + ? to cut.] 1. (Math.) The difference between two quantities commensurable only in power, as between ?2 and 1, or between the diagonal and side of a square. 2. (Mus) The remaining part of a whole tone after a smaller semitone has been deducted from it; a major semitone. [Obs.] Ap6oOzem (?), n. [L. apozema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to extract by boiling; ? from + ? boil.] (Med.) A decoction or infusion. [Obs.]
Wiseman.
Ap7oOzem6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, a decoction. [Obs.]
J. Whitaker.
ApOpair6 (?), v. t. & i. [OF. empeirier, F. empire. See Impair.] To impair; to grow worse. [Obs.] Ap7paOla6chiOan (?), a. Of or pertaining to a chain of mountains in the United States, commonly called the Allegheny mountains.
5 The name Appalachian was given to the mountains by the Spaniards under De Soto, who derived it from the heighboring Indians.
Am. Cyc.
ApOpall6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appalled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Appalling.] [OF. appalir to grow pale, make pale; a (L. ad) + plir to grow pale, to make pale, ple pale. See Pale, a., and cf. Pall.] 1. To make pale; to blanch. [Obs.] The answer that ye made to me, my dear,… Hath so appalled my countenance.
Wyatt.
2. To weaken; to enfeeble; to reduce; as, an old appalled wight. [Obs.]
Chaucer.
Whine, of its own nature, will not congeal and freeze, only it will lose the strength, and become appalled in extremity of cold.
Holland.
3. To depress or discourage with fear; to impress with fear in such a manner that the mind shrinks, or loses its firmness; to overcome with sudden terror or horror; to dismay; as, the sight appalled the stoutest heart. The house of peers was somewhat appalled at this alarum. Clarendon.

Syn. – To dismay; terrify; daunt; frighten; affright; scare; depress. See Dismay.
ApOpall6, v. i. 1. To grow faint; to become weak; to become dismayed or discouraged. [Obs.]
Gower.
2. To lose flavor or become stale. [Obs.] ApOpall6, n. Terror; dismay. [Poet.]
Cowper.
ApOpall6ing, a. Such as to appall; as, an appalling accident. P ApOpall6ingOly, adv.
ApOpall6ment (?), n. Depression occasioned by terror; dismay. [Obs.]
Bacon.
Ap6paOnage (?), n. [F. apanage, fr. OF. apaner to nourish, support, fr. LL. apanare to furnish with bread, to provision; L. ad + pains bread.] 1. The portion of land assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his younger sons.
2. A dependency; a dependent territory.

<– p. 71 –>

3. That which belongs to one by custom or right; a natural adjunct or accompaniment. =Wealth… the appanage of wit.8 Swift.
ApOpan6aOgist (?), n. [F. apanagiste.] A prince to whom an appanage has been granted.
ApOpal6ailOlyng (?), n. [See Apparel, n. & v.] Preparation. [Obs.]
Chaucer.

Ap6paOratus (?), n.; pl. Apparatus, also rarely Apparatuses (?). [L., from apparare, apparatum, to prepare; ad + prepare to make ready.] 1. Things provided as means to some end. 2. Hence: A full collection or set of implements, or utensils, for a given duty, experimental or operative; any complex instrument or appliance, mechanical or chemical, for a specific action or operation; machinery; mechanism. 3. (Physiol.) A collection of organs all of which unite in a common function; as, the respiratory apparatus. ApOpar6el (?), n. [OE. apparel, apareil, OF. apareil, appareil, preparation, provision, furniture, OF. apareiller to match, prepare, F. appareiller; OF. a (L. ad) + pareil like, similar, fr. LL. pariculus, dim. of L. par equal. See Pair.] 1. External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb; external habiliments or array.
Fresh in his new apparel, proud and young. Denham.
At public devotion his resigned carriage made religion appear in the natural apparel of simplicity. Tatler.
2. A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on ?lbs and some other ecclesiastical vestments.
3. (Naut.) The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails, rigging, anchors, guns, etc.
Syn. – Dress; clothing; vesture; garments; raiment; garb; costume; attire; habiliments.
ApOpar6el, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appareled, or Apparelled (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Appareling, or Apparelling.] [OF. apareiller.] 1. To make or get (something) ready; to prepare. [Obs.]
Chaucer.
2. To furnish with apparatus; to equip; to fit out. Ships… appareled to fight.
Hayward.
3. To dress or clothe; to attire.
They which are gorgeously appareled, and live delicately, are in kings’ courts.
Luke vii. 25.
4. To dress with external ornaments; to cover with something ornamental; to deck; to embellish; as, trees appareled with flowers, or a garden with verdure.
Appareled in celestial light.
Wordsworth.
ApOpar6ence (?), n. [OF. aparence.] Appearance. [Obs.] Chaucer.
ApOpar6enOcy (?), n. 1. Appearance. [Obs.] 2. Apparentness; state of being apparent. Coleridge.
3. The position of being heir apparent. ApOpar6ent (?), a. [F. apparent, L. apparens, Oentis, p. pr. of apparere. See Appear.] 1. Capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to the eye; within sight or view.
The moon… apparent queen.
Milton.
2. Clear or manifest to the understanding; plain; evident; obvious; known; palpable; indubitable.
It is apparent foul play.
Shak.
3. Appearing to the eye or mind (distinguished from, but not necessarily opposed to, true or real); seeming; as the apparent motion or diameter of the sun.
To live on terms of civility, and even of apparent friendship.
Macaulay.
What Berkeley calls visible magnitude was by astronomers called apparent magnitude.
Reid.
w horizon, the circle which in a level plain bounds our view, and is formed by the ~ meeting of the earth and heavens, as distinguished from the rational horizon. P w time. See Time. P Heir ~ (Law), one whose to an estate is indefeasible if he survives the ancestor; P in distinction from presumptive heir. See Presumptive.
Syn. – Visible; distinct; plain; obvious; clear; certain; evident; manifest; indubitable; notorious. ApOpar6ent, n. An heir ~. [Obs.]
I’ll draw it [the sword] as apparent to the crown. Shak.
ApOpar6entOly, adv. 1. Visibly. [Obs.] Hobbes.
2. Plainly; clearly; manifestly; evidently. If he should scorn me so apparently.
Shak.
3. Seemingly; in appearance; as, a man may be apparently friendly, yet malicious in heart.
ApOpar6entOness, n. Plainness to the eye or the mind; visibleness; obviousness. [R.]
Sherwood.
Ap7paOri6tion (?), n. [F. apparition, L. apparitio, fr. apparere. See Appear.] 1. The act of becoming visible; appearance; visibility.
Milton.
The sudden apparition of the Spaniards. Prescott.
The apparition of Lawyer Clippurse occasioned much speculation in that portion of the world. Sir W. Scott.
2. The thing appearing; a visible object; a form. Which apparition, it seems, was you.
Tatler.
3. An unexpected, wonderful, or preternatural appearance; a ghost; a specter; a phantom. =The heavenly bands… a glorious apparition.8
Milton.

I think it is the weakness of mine eyes That shapes this monstrous apparition.
Shak.
4. (Astron.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; P opposed to occultation.
Circle of perpetual ~. See under Circle. Ap7paOri6tionOal (?), a. Pertaining to an apparition or to apparitions; spectral. =An apparitional soul.8 Tylor.
ApOpar6iOtor (?), n. [L., fr. apparere. See Appear.] 1. Formerly, an officer who attended magistrates and judges to execute their orders.
Before any of his apparitors could execute the sentence, he was himself summoned away by a sterner apparitor to the other world.
De Quincey.
2. (Law) A messenger or officer who serves the process of an ecclesiastical court.
Bouvier.
X Ap7pau7m6 (?), n. [F. appaum; ? (l. ad) + paume the palm, fr. L. palma.] (Her.) A hand open and extended so as to show the palm.
ApOpay6 (?), v. t. [OF. appayer, apaier, LL. appacare, appagare, fr. L. ad + pacare to pacify, pax, pacis, peace. See Pay, Appease.] To pay; to satisfy or appease. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.
ApOpeach6 (?), v. t. [OE. apechen, for empechen, OF. empeechier, F. empcher, to hinder. See Impeach.] To impeach; to accuse; to asperse; to inform against; to reproach. [Obs.]
And oft of error did himself appeach. Spenser.
ApOpeach6er , n. An accuser. [Obs.] Raleigh.
ApOpeach6ment (?), n. Accusation. [Obs.] ApOpeal6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appealed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Appealing.] [OE. appelen, apelen, to ~, accuse, OF. appeler, fr. L. appellare to approach, address, invoke, summon, call, name; akin to appellere to drive to; ad + pellere to drive. See Pulse, and cf. Peal.] 1. (Law) (a) To make application for the removal of (a cause) from an inferior to a superior judge or court for a rehearing or review on account of alleged injustice or illegality in the trial below. We say, the cause was appealed from an inferior court. (b) To charge with a crime; to accuse; to institute a private criminal prosecution against for some heinous crime; as, to appeal a person of felony. 2. To summon; to challenge. [Archaic]
Man to man will I appeal the Norman to the lists. Sir W. Scott.
3. To invoke. [Obs.]
Milton.
ApOpeal6, v. t. 1. (Law) To apply for the removal of a cause from an inferior to a superior judge or court for the purpose of re xamination of for decision. Tomlins.
I appeal unto Csar.
Acts xxv. 11.
2. To call upon another to decide a question controverted, to corroborate a statement, to vindicate one’s rights, etc.; as, I appeal to all mankind for the truth of what is alleged. Hence: To call on one for aid; to make earnest request.
I appeal to the Scriptures in the original. Horsley.
They appealed to the sword.
Macaulay.
ApOpeal6, n. [OE. appel, apel, OF. apel, F. appel, fr. appeler. See Appeal, v. t.] 1. (Law) (a) An application for the removal of a cause or suit from an inferior to a superior judge or court for re xamination or review. (b) The mode of proceeding by which such removal is effected. (c) The right of ~. (d) An accusation; a process which formerly might be instituted by one private person against another for some heinous crime demanding punishment for the particular injury suffered, rather than for the offense against the public. (e) An accusation of a felon at common law by one of his accomplices, which accomplice was then called an approver. See Approvement.
Tomlins. Bouvier.
2. A summons to answer to a charge. Dryden.
3. A call upon a person or an authority for proof or decision, in one’s favor; reference to another as witness; a call for help or a favor; entreaty.
A kind of appeal to the Deity, the author of wonders. Bacon.
4. Resort to physical means; recourse. Every milder method is to be tried, before a nation makes an appeal to arms.
Kent.
ApOpeal6aOble (?), a. 1. Capable of being appealed against; that may be removed to a higher tribunal for decision; as, the cause is appealable.
2. That may be accused or called to answer by appeal; as, a criminal is appealable for manslaughter. [Obs.] ApOpeal6ant (?), n. An appellant. [Obs.] Shak.
ApOpeal6er (?), n. One who makes an appeal. ApOpeal6ing, a The appeals; imploring. P ApOpeal6OingOly, adv. P ApOpeal6ingOness, n.
ApOpear6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Appeared (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Appearing.] [OE. apperen, aperen, OF. aparoir, F. apparoir, fr. L. appar?re to appear + par?reto come forth, to be visible; prob. from the same root as par?re to produce. Cf. Apparent, Parent, Peer, v. i. 1. To come or be in sight; to be in view; to become visible. And God… said, Let… the dry land appear. Gen. i. 9.
2. To come before the public; as, a great writer appeared at that time.
3. To stand in presence of some authority, tribunal, or superior person, to answer a charge, plead a cause, or the like; to present one’s self as a party or advocate before a court, or as a person to be tried.
We must all appear before the judgment seat. 5 Cor. v. 10.
One ruffian escaped because no prosecutor dared to appear. Macaulay.
4. To become visible to the apprehension of the mind; to be known as a subject of observation or comprehension, or as a thing proved; to be obvious or manifest. It doth not yet appear what we shall be. 1 John iii. 2.
Of their vain contest appeared no end. Milton.
5. To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look. They disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast.
Matt. vi. 16.
Syn. – To seem; look. See Seem.
ApOpear6, n. Appearance. [Obs.]
J. Fletcher.
ApOpear6ance (?), n. [F. apparence, L. apparentia, fr. apparere. See Appear.] 1. The act of appearing or coming into sight; the act of becoming visible to the eye; as, his sudden appearance surprised me.
2. A thing seed; a phenomenon; a phase; an apparition; as, an appearance in the sky.
3. Personal presence; exhibition of the person; look; aspect; mien.
And now am come to see…
It thy appearance answer loud report. Milton.
4. Semblance, or apparent likeness; external show. pl. Outward sings, or circumstances, fitted to ?nake a particular impression or to determine the judg? ?nt as to the character of a person or a thing, an act o? a state; as, appearances are against him.
There was upon the tab?nacle, as it were, the appearance of fire.
Num. ix. 15.
For man looketh on the outward appearance. 1 Sam. xvi. 7.
Judge not according to the appearance. Jo?n. vii. 24.
5. The act of appearing in a particular place, or in society, a company, or any proceedings; a coming before the public in a particular character; as, a person makes his appearance as an historian, an artist, or an orator. Will he now retire,
After appearance, and again prolong Our expectation?
Milton.
6. Probability; likelihood. [Obs.]
There is that which hath no appearance. Bacon.
7. (Law) The coming into court of either of the parties; the being present in court; the coming into court of a party summoned in an action, either by himself or by attorney, expressed by a formal entry by the proper officer to that effect; the act or proceeding by which a party proceeded against places himself before the court, and submits to its jurisdiction.
Burrill. Bouvier. Daniell.
To put in an ~, to be present; to appear in person. P To save appearances, to preserve a fair outward show. Syn. – Coming; arrival; presence; semblance;; pretense; air; look; manner; mien; figure; aspect.
ApOpear6er (?), n. One who appears. Sir T. Browne.
ApOpear6ingOly, adv. Apparently. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.
ApOpeas6aOble (?), a. Capable of being appeased or pacified; placable. P ApOpeas6aObleOness, n.
ApOpease6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appealed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Appeasing.] [OE. apesen, apaisen, OF. apaisier, apaissier, F. apaiser, fr. a (L. ad) + OF. pais peace, F. paix, fr. L. pax, pacis. See Peace.] To make quiet; to calm; to reduce to a state of peace; to still; to pacify; to dispel (anger or hatred); as, to appease the tumult of the ocean, or of the passions; to appease hunger or thirst. Syn. – To pacify; quiet; conciliate; propitiate; assuage; compose; calm; allay; hush; soothe; tranquilize. ApOpease6ment (?), n. The act of appeasing, or the state of being appeased; pacification.
Hayward.
ApOpeas6er (?), n. One who appeases; a pacifier. ApOpea6sive (?), a. Tending to appease.
ApOpel6laOble (?), a. Appealable.
ApOpel6lanOcy (?), n. Capability of appeal. ApOpel6lant (?), a. [L. appellans, p. pr. of appellare; cf. F. appelant. See Appeal.] Relating to an appeal; appellate. =An appellant jurisdiction.8
Hallam.
Party ~ (Law), the party who appeals; appellant; P opposed to respondent, or appellee.
Tomlins.
ApOpel6lant, n. 1. (Law) (a) One who accuses another of felony or treason. [Obs.] b) One who appeals, or asks for a rehearing or review of a cause by a higher tribunal. 2. A challenger. [Obs.]
Milton.
3. (Eccl. Hist.) One who appealed to a general council against the bull Unigenitus.
4. One who appeals or entreats.
ApOpel6late (?), a. [L. appelatus, p. p. of appellare.] Pertaining to, or taking cognizance of, appeals. =Appellate jurisdiction.8 Blackstone. =Appellate judges.8 Burke.

w court, a court having cognizance of appeals. ApOpel6late, n. A person or prosecuted for a crime. [Obs.] See Appellee.
Ap7pelOla6tion (?), n. [L. appellatio, fr. appellare: cf. F. appellation. See Appeal.] 1. The act of appealing; appeal. [Obs.]
Spenser.
2. The act of calling by a name.
3. The word by which a particular person or thing is called and known; name; title; designation.
They must institute some persons under the appellation of magistrates.
Hume.
Syn. – See Name.
ApOpel6laOtive (?), a. [L. appellativus, fr. appellare: cf. F. appelatif. See Appeal.] 1. Pertaining to a common name; serving as a distinctive denomination; denominative; naming. Cudworth.
2. (gram.) Common, as opposed to proper; denominative of a class ?
ApOpel6laOtive, n. [L. appelativum, sc. nomen.] 1. A common name, distinction from a proper name. A common name, or appellative, stands for a whole class, genus, or species of beings, or for universal ideas. Thus, tree is the name of all plants of a particular class; plant and vegetable are names of things that grow out of the earth. A proper name, on the other hand, stands for a single thing; as, Rome, Washington, Lake Erie.
2. An appellation or title; a descriptive name. God chosen it for one of his appellatives to be the Defender of them.
Jer. Taylor.
ApOpel6laOtiveOly, adv. After the manner of nouns appellative; in a manner to express whole classes or species; as, Hercules is sometimes used appellatively, that is, as a common name, to signify a strong man. ApOpel6laOtiveOness, n. The quality of being appellative. Fuller.
ApOpel6laOtory (?), a. [L. appellatorius, fr. appellare.] Containing an appeal.
An appellatory libel ought to contain the name of the party appellant.
Ayliffe.
Ap7pelOlee6 , n. [F. appel, p. p. of appeler, fr. L. appellare.] (Law) (a) The defendant in a? appeal; P opposed to appellant. (b) The person who i? appealed against, or accused of crime; P opposed to appellor. Blackstone.

<– p. 72 –>

Ap7pelOlor (?), n. [OF. apeleur, fr. L. appellator, fr. appellare.] (Law) (a) The person who institutes an appeal, or prosecutes another for a crime. Blackstone. (b) One who confesses a felony committed and accuses his accomplices. Blount. Burrill.
5 This word is rarely or never used for the plaintiff in appeal from a lower court, who is called the appellant. Appellee is opposed both to appellant and appellor. Ap6penOage , n. See Appanage.
ApOpend6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appended; p. pr. & vb. n. Appending.] [L. appendere or F. appendre: cf. OE. appenden, apenden, to belong, OF. apendre, F. appendre, fr. L. append?re, v. i., to hang to, append?re, v. t., to hang to; ad + pend?re, v. i., to hang, pend?re, v. t., to hang. See Pendant.] 1. To hang or attach to, as by a string, so that the thing is suspended; as, a seal appended to a record; the inscription was appended to the column.
2. To add, as an accessory to the principal thing; to annex; as, notes appended to this chapter.
A further purpose appended to the primary one. I. Taylor.
ApOpend6age , n. 1. Something appended to, or accompanying, a principal or greater thing, though not necessary to it, as a portico to a house.
Modesty is the appendage of sobriety. Jer. Taylor.
2. (Biol.) A subordinate or subsidiary part or organ; an external organ or limb, esp. of the articulates. Antenn and other appendages used for feeling. Carpenter.
Syn. – Addition; adjunct; concomitant. ApOpend6aged , a. Furnished with, or supplemented by, an appendage.
ApOpend6ance , n. [F.] Something appendant. ApOpend6ant , a. [F. appendant, p. pr. of appendre. See Append, v. t.] 1. Hanging; annexed; adjunct; concomitant; as, a seal appendant to a paper.
As they have transmitted the benefit to us, it is but reasonable we should suffer the appendant calamity. Jer. Taylor.
2. (Law) Appended by prescription, that is, a personal usage for a considerable time; P said of a thing of inheritance belonging to another inheritance which is superior or more worthy; as, an advowson, common, etc., which may be appendant to a manor, common of fishing to a freehold, a seat in church to a house.
Wharton. Coke.
ApOpend6ant, n. 1. Anything attached to another as incidental or subordinate to it.
2. (Law) A inheritance annexed by prescription to a superior inheritance.
ApOpend6ence (?), ApOpend6enOcy (?), } n. State of being appendant; appendance. [Obs.]
ApOpend6iOcal (?), a. Of or like an appendix. ApOpend6iOcate (?), v. t. To append. [Obs.] ApOpend7iOca6tion (?), n. An appendage. [Obs.] ApOpend7iOci6tis (?), n. (Med.) Inflammation of the vermiform appendix.
ApOpend6iOcle (?), n. [L. appendicula, dim. of. appendix.] A small appendage.
Ap7penOdic6uOlar (?), a. Relating to an appendicle; appendiculate. [R.]
X Ap7penOdic7uOla6riOa (?), n. [NL.] (Zol.) A genus of small freePswimming Tunicata, shaped somewhat like a tadpole, and remarkable for resemblances to the larv of other Tunicata. It is the type of the order Copelata or Larvalia. See Illustration in Appendix.
X Ap7penOdic7uOla6ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zol.) An order of annelids; the Polych?ta.
Ap7penOdic6uOlate (?), a. [See Appendicle.] Having small appendages; forming an appendage.
Appendiculate leaf, a small appended leaf. Withering.
ApOpen6dix (?), n.; pl. E. Appendixes (?), L. Appendices (?). [L. appendix, Odicis, fr. appendere. See Append.] 1. Something appended or added; an appendage, adjunct, or concomitant.
Normandy became an appendix to England. Sir M. Hale.
2. Any literary matter added to a book, but not necessarily essential to its completeness, and thus distinguished from supplement, which is intended to supply deficiencies and correct inaccuracies.
Syn. – See Supplement.
ApOpen6sion (?), n. The act of appending. [Obs.] Ap7perOceive6 (?), v. t. [F. apercevoir, fr. L. ad + percipere, perceptum, to perceive. See Perceive.] To perceive; to comprehend.
Chaucer.
Ap7perOcep6tion (?), n. [Pref. adO + perception: cf. F. apperception.] (Metaph.) The mind’s perception of itself as the subject or actor in its own states; perception that reflects upon itself; sometimes, intensified or energetic perception.
Leibnitz. Reid.
This feeling has been called by philosophers the apperception or consciousness of our own existence. Sir W. Hamilton.
ApOper6il (?), n. Peril. [Obs.]
Shak.
Ap7perOtain6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Appertained (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Appertaining.] [OE. apperteinen, apertenen, OF. apartenir, F. appartenir, fr. L. appertinere; ad + pertinere to reach to, belong. See Pertain.] To belong or pertain, whether by right, nature, appointment, or custom; to relate. Things appertaining to this life.
Hooker.
Give it unto him to whom it appertaineth. Lev. vi. 5.
Ap7perOtain6ment , n. That which appertains to a person; an appurtenance. [Obs. or R.]
Shak.
ApOper6tiOnance (?), ApOper6tiOnence (?), } n. See Appurtenance.
ApOper6tiOnent (?), a. Belonging; appertaining. [Now usually written appurtenant.]
Coleridge.
ApOper6tiOnent, n. That which belongs to something else; an appurtenant. [Obs.]
Shak.
ApOpete6 (?), v. t. [L. appetere: cf. F. appter. See Appetite.] To seek for; to desire. [Obs.] Chaucer.

Ap6peOtence (?), n. [Cf. F. apptence. See Appetency.] A longing; a desire; especially an ardent desire; appetite; appetency.
Ap6peOtenOcy (?), n.; pl. Appetencies (?). [L. appetentia, fr. appetere to strive after, long for. See Appetite.] 1. Fixed and strong desire; esp. natural desire; a craving; an eager appetite.
They had a strong appetency for reading. Merivale.
2. Specifically: An instinctive inclination or propensity in animals to perform certain actions, as in the young to suck, in aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim; the tendency of an organized body to seek what satisfies the wants of its organism.
These lacteal? ?ave mouths, and by animal selection or appetency the absorb such part of the fluid as is agreeable to their palate.
E. Darwin.
3. Natural tendency; affinity; attraction; P used of inanimate objects.
Ap6peOtent (?), a. [L. appetens, p. pr. of appetere.] Desiring; eagerly desirous. [R.]
Appetent after glory and renown.
Sir G. Buck.
Ap7peOtiObil6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. apptibilit.] The quality of being desirable.
Bramhall.
Ap6peOtiOble (?), a. [L. appetibilis, fr. appetere: cf. F. apptible.] Desirable; capable or worthy of being the object of desire.
Bramhall.
Ap6peOtite (?), n. [OE. appetit, F. apptit, fr. L. appetitus, fr. appetere to strive after, long for; ad + petere to seek. See Petition, and cf. Appetence.] 1. The desire for some personal gratification, either of the body or of the mind.
The object of appetite it whatsoever sensible good may be wished for; the object of will is that good which reason does lead us to seek.
Hooker.
2. Desire for, or relish of, food or drink; hunger. Men must have appetite before they will eat. Buckle.
3. Any strong desire; an eagerness or longing. It God had given to eagles an appetite to swim. Jer. Taylor.
To gratify the vulgar appetite for the marvelous. Macaulay.
4. Tendency; appetency. [Obs.]
In all bodies there as an appetite of union. Bacon.
5. The thing desired. [Obs.]
Power being the natural appetite of princes. Swift.
5 In old authors, appetite is followed by to or of, but regularly it should be followed by for before the object; as, an appetite for pleasure.
Syn. – Craving; longing; desire; appetency; passion. Ap7peOti6tion (?), n. [L. appetitio: cf. F. apptition.] Desire; a longing for, or seeking after, something. Holland.
Ap6peOti6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. apptitif.] Having the quality of desiring gratification; as, appetitive power or faculty. Sir M. Hale.
Ap6peOtize (?), v. t. To make hungry; to whet the appetite of.
Sir W. Scott.
Ap6peOti7zer (?), n. Something which creates or whets an appetite.
Ap6peOti7zing (?), a. [Cf. F. apptissant.] Exciting appetite; as, appetizing food.
The appearance of the wild ducks is very appetizing. Sir W. Scott.
Ap6peOti7zing, adv. So as to excite appetite. Ap6piOan (?), a. [L. Appius, Appianus.] Of or pertaining to Appius.
w Way, the great paved highway from ancient Rome trough Capua to Brundisium, now Brindisi, constructed partly by Appius Claudius, about 312 b. c.
ApOplaud6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Applauded; p. pr. & vb. n. Applauding.] [L. applaudere; ad + plaudere to clash, to clap the hands: cf. F. applaudir. Cf. Explode.] 1. To show approval of by clapping the hands, acclamation, or other significant sign.
I would applaud thee to the very echo, That should applaud again.
Shak.
2. To praise by words; to express approbation of; to commend; to approve.
By the gods, I do applaud his courage. Shak.
Syn. – To praise; extol; commend; cry up; magnify; approve. See Praise.
ApOplaud6, v. i. To express approbation loudly or significantly.
ApOplaud6er (?), n. One who applauds. ApOplaus6aOble (?), a. Worthy pf applause; praiseworthy. [Obs.]
ApOplause6 (?), n. [L. applaudere, app?ausum. See Applaud.] The act of applauding; approbation and praise publicly expressed by clapping the hands, stamping or tapping with the feet, acclamation, huzzas, or other means; marked commendation.
The brave man seeks not popular applause. Dryden.
Syn. – Acclaim; acclamation; plaudit; commendation; approval.
ApOplau6sive (?), a. [LL. applausivus.] Expressing applause; approbative. P ApOplau6siveOly, adv.
Ap6ple (?), n. [OE. appel, eppel, AS. ppel, pl; akin to Fries. & D. appel, OHG, aphul, aphol, G. apfel, Icel. epli, Sw. ple, Dan. ble, Gael. ubhall, W. afal, Arm. aval, Lith. ob?lys, Russ. iabloko; of unknown origin.] 1. The fleshy pome or fruit of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus malus) cultivated in numberless varieties in the temperate zones. 5 The European crab ~ is supposed to be the original kind, from which all others have sprung.
2. (bot.) Any tree genus Pyrus which has the stalk sunken into the base of the fruit; an ~ tree.
3. Any fruit or other vegetable production resembling, or supposed to resemble, the ~; as, apple of love, or love apple (a tomato), balsam apple, egg apple, oak apple. 4. Anything round like an apple; as, an apple of gold. Apple is used either adjectively or in combination; as, apple paper or applePpaper, applePshaped, apple blossom, apple dumpling, apple pudding.
w blight, an aphid which injures ~ trees. See Blight, n. P w borer (Zol.), a coleopterous insect (Saperda candida or bivittata), the larva of which bores into the trunk of the ~ tree and pear tree. P w brandy, brandy made from apples. P w butter, a sauce made of apples stewed down in cider. Bartlett. P w corer, an instrument for removing the cores from apples. P w fly (Zol.), any dipterous insect, the larva of which burrows in apples. w flies belong to the genera Drosophila and Trypeta. P w midge (Zol.), a small dipterous insect (Sciara mali), the larva of which bores in apples. P w of the eye, the pupil. P w of discord, a subject of contention and envy, so called from the mythological golden ~, inscribed =For the fairest,8 which was thrown into an assembly of the gods by Eris, the goddess of discord. It was contended for by Juno, Minerva, and Venus, and was adjudged to the latter. P w of love, or Love ~, the tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum). P w of Peru, a large coarse herb (Nicandra physaloides) bearing pale blue flowers, and a bladderlike fruit inclosing a dry berry. P Apples of Sodom, a fruit described by ancient writers as externally of air appearance but dissolving into smoke and ashes plucked; Dead Sea apples. The name is often given to the fruit of Solanum Sodomum, a prickly shrub with fruit not unlike a small yellow tomato. P w sauce, stewed apples. [U. S.] P w snail or w shell (Zol.), a freshPwater, operculated, spiral shell of the genus Ampullaria. P w tart, a tart containing ~. P w tree, a tree naturally bears apples. See Apple, 2. P w wine, cider. P w worm(Zol.), the larva of a small moth (Carpocapsa pomonella) which burrows in the interior of apples. See Codling moth. P Dead Sea ~. (a) pl. Apples of Sodom. Also Fig. =To seek the Dead Sea apples of politics.8 S. B. Griffin. (b) A kind of gallnut coming from Arabia. See Gallnut.
Ap6ple (?), v. i. To grow like an ~; to bear apples. Holland.
Ap6plePfaced7 (?), a. Having a round, broad face, like an apple. =ApplePfaced children.8
Dickens.
Ap6plePjack7 (?), n. Apple brandy. [U.S.] Ap6plePjoin7 , n. A kind of apple which by keeping becomes much withered; P called also Johnapple.
Shak.
Ap6ple pie7 (?). A pie made of apples (usually sliced or stewed) with spice and sugar.
ApplePpie bed, a bed in which, as a joke, the sheets are so doubled (like the cover of an apple turnove?) as to prevent any one from getting at his length between them. Halliwell, Conybeare. P ApplePpie order, perfect order or arrangement. [Colloq.] Halliwell.
Ap6plePsquire7 (?), n. A pimp; a kept gallant. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.
ApOpli6aOble (?), a. [See Apply.] Applicable; also, compliant. [Obs.]
Howell.
ApOpli6ance (?), n. 1. The act of applying; application; [Obs.] subservience.
Shak.
2. The thing applied or used as a means to an end; an apparatus or device; as, to use various appliances; a mechanical appliance; a machine with its appliances. Ap7pliOcaObil6iOty (?), n. The quality of being applicable or fit to be applied.
Ap6pliOcaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. aplicable, fr. L. applicare. See Apply.] Capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be applied; having relevance; as, this observation is applicable to the case under consideration. P Ap6pliOcaObleOness, n. P Ap6pliOcaObly, adv. Ap6pliOcanOcy (?), n. The quality or state of being applicable. [R.]
Ap6pliOcant (?), n. [L. applicans, p. pr. of applicare. See Apply.] One who apples for something; one who makes request; a petitioner.
The applicant for a cup of water.
Plumtre.
The court require the applicant to appear in person. Z. Swift.
Ap6pliOcate (?), a. [L. applicatus, p. p. of applicare. See Apply.] Applied or put to some use.
Those applicate sciences which extend the power of man over the elements.
I. Taylor.
w number (Math.), one which applied to some concrete case. P w ordinate, right line applied at right angles to the axis of any conic section, and bounded by the curve. Ap6pliOcate (?), v. i. To apply. [Obs.]
The act of faith is applicated to the object. Bp. Pearson.
Ap7pliOca6tion (?), n. [L. applicatio, fr. applicare: cf. F. application. See Apply.] 1. The act of applying or laying on, in a literal sense; as, the application of emollients to a diseased limb.
2. The thing applied.
He invented a new application by which blood might be stanched.
Johnson.
2. The act of applying as a means; the employment of means to accomplish an end; specific use.
If a right course… be taken with children, there will not be much need of the application of the common rewards and punishments.
Locke.
4. The act of directing or referring something to a particular case, to discover or illustrate agreement or disagreement, fitness, or correspondence; as, I make the remark, and leave you to make the application; the application of a theory.

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5. Hence, in specific uses: (a) That part of a sermon or discourse in which the principles before laid down and illustrated are applied to practical uses; the =moral8 of a fable. (b) The use of the principles of one science for the purpose of enlarging or perfecting another; as, the application of algebra to geometry.
6. The capacity of being practically applied or used; relevancy; as, a rule of general application. 7. The act of fixing the mind or closely applying one’s self; assiduous effort; close attention; as, to injure the health by application to study.
Had his application been equal to his talents, his progress night have been greater.
J. Jay.
8. The act of making request of soliciting; as, an application for an office; he made application to a court of chancery.
9. A request; a document containing a request; as, his application was placed on file.
Ap6pliOcaOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. applicatif, fr. L. applicare. See Apply.] Having of being applied or used; applying; applicatory; practical. Bramhall. P Ap6pliOcaOtiveOly, adv. Ap6pliOcaOtoOriOly (?), adv. By way of application. Ap6pliOcaOtoOry, a. Having the property of applying; applicative; practical. P n. That which applies. ApOpli6edOly (?), adv. By application. [R.] ApOpli6er (?), n. He who, or that which, applies. ApOpli6ment (?), n. Application. [Obs.]
Marston
X Ap7pli7qu6 (?; 277), a. [F., fr. appliquer to put on.] Ornamented with a pattern (which has been cut out of another color or stuff) applied or transferred to a foundation; as, appliqu lace; appliqu work.
ApOplot6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Applotted; p. pr. & vb. n. Applotting.] [Pref. adO + plot.] To divide into plots or parts; to apportion.
Milton.
ApOplot6ment (?), n. Apportionment. ApOply6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Applied (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Applying.] [OF. aplier, F. appliquer, fr. L. applicare to join, fix, or attach to; ad + plicare to fold, to twist together. See Applicant, Ply.] 1. To lay or place; to put or adjust (one thing to another); P with to; as, to apply the hand to the breast; to apply medicaments to a diseased part of the body.
He said, and the sword his throat applied. Dryden.
2. To put to use; to use or employ for a particular purpose, or in a particular case; to appropriate; to devote; as, to apply money to the payment of a debt.
3. To make use of, declare, or pronounce, as suitable, fitting, or relative; as, to apply the testimony to the case; to apply an epithet to a person.
Yet God at last
To Satan, first in sin, his doom applied. Milton.
4. To fix closely; to engage and employ diligently, or with attention; to attach; to incline.
Apply thine heart unto instruction. Prov. xxiii. 12.
5. To direct or address. [R.]
Sacred vows… applied to grisly Pluto. Pope.
6. To betake; to address; to refer; P used reflexively. I applied myself to him for help.
Johnson.
7. To busy; to keep at work; to ply. [Obs.] She was skillful in applying his =humors.8 Sir P. Sidney.
8. To visit. [Obs.]
And he applied each place so fast.
Chapman.
Applied chemistry. See under Chemistry. P Applied mathematics. See under Mathematics.
ApOply6, v. i. 1. To suit; to agree; to have some connection, agreement, or analogy; as, this argument applies well to the case.
2. To make request; to have recourse with a view to gain something; to make application. (to); to solicit; as, to apply to a friend for information.
3. To ply; to move. [R.]
I heard the sound of an oar applying swiftly through the water.
T. Moore.
4. To ~ or address one’s self; to give application; to attend closely (to).
X ApOpog7giaOtu6ra (?), n. [It., fr. appogiarre to lean, to rest; apO (L. ad) + poggiare to mount, ascend, poggio hill, fr. L. podium an elevated place.] (Mus.) A passing tone preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it occupies from that; a short auxiliary or grace note one degree above or below the principal note unless it be of the same harmony; P generally indicated by a note of smaller size, as in the illustration above. It forms no essential part of the harmony.
ApOpoint6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appointed; p. pr. & vb. n. Appointing.] [OE. appointen, apointen, OF. apointier to prepare, arrange, lean, place, F. appointer to give a salary, refer a cause, fr. LL. appunctare to bring back to the point, restore, to fix the point in a controversy, or the points in an agreement; L. ad + punctum a point. See Point.] 1. To fix with power or firmness; to establish; to mark out.
When he appointed the foundations of the earth. Prov. viii. 29.
2. To fix by a decree, order, command, resolve, decision, or mutual agreement; to constitute; to ordain; to prescribe; to fix the time and place of.
Thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.
2 Sam. xv. 15.
He hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness.
Acts xvii. 31.
Say that the emperor request a parley… and appoint the ??eeting.
Shak.
2. To assign, designate, or set apart by authority. Aaron and his shall go in, and appoint them every one to his service.
Num. iv. 19.
These were cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them. Josh. xx. 9.
4. To furnish in all points; to provide with everything necessary by way of equipment; to equip; to fit out. The English, being well appointed, did so entertain them that their ships departed terribly torn. Hayward.
5. To point at by way, or for the purpose? of censure or commendation; to arraign. [Obs.]
Appoint not heavenly disposition.
Milton.
6. (Law) To direct, designate, or limit; to make or direct a new disposition of, by virtue of a power contained in a conveyance; P said of an estate already conveyed. Burrill. Kent.
To ~ one’s self, to resolve. [Obs.] Crowley.
ApOpoint6 (?), v. i. To ordain; to determine; to arrange. For the Lord had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithoph?l.
2 Sam. xvii. 14.
ApOpoint6aOble (?), a. Capable of being appointed or constituted.
ApOpointOee6 (?), n. [F. appoint, p. p. of appointer. See Appoint, v. t.] 1. A person appointed.
The commission authorizes them to make appointments, and pay the appointees.
Circular of Mass. Representatives (1768). 2. (law) A person in whose favor a power of appointment is executed.
Kent. Wharton.
ApOpoint6er (?), n. One who appoints, or executes a power of appointment.
Kent.
ApOpoint6ive (?), a. Subject to appointment; as, an appointive office. [R.]
ApOpoint6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. appointement.] 1. The act of appointing; designation of a person to hold an office or discharge a trust; as, he erred by the appointment of unsuitable men.
2. The state of being appointed to som? service or office; an office to which one is appointed; station; position; an, the appointment of treasurer.
3. Stipulation; agreement; the act of fixing by mutual agreement. Hence:: Arrangement for a meeting; engagement; as, they made an appointment to meet at six. 4. Decree; direction; established order or constitution; as, to submit to the divine appointments. According to the appointment of the priests. Ezra vi. 9.
5. (Law) The exercise of the power of designating (under a =power of ~8) a person to enjoy an estate or other specific property; also, the instrument by which the designation is made.
6. Equipment, furniture, as for a ship or an army; whatever is appointed for use and management; outfit; (pl.) the accouterments of military officers or soldiers, as belts, sashes, swords.
The cavaliers emulated their chief in the richness of their appointments.
Prescott.
I’ll prove it in my shackles, with these hands Void of appoinment, that thou liest.
Beau. & Fl.
7. An allowance to a person, esp. to a public officer; a perquisite; P properly only in the plural. [Obs.] An expense proportioned to his appointments and fortune is necessary.
Chesterfield.
8. A honorary part or exercise, as an oration, etc., at a public exhibition of a college; as, to have an appointment. [U.S.]
Syn. – Designation; command; order; direction; establishment; equipment.
ApOpointOor6 (?), n. (Law) The person who selects the appointee. See Appointee, 2.
ApOpor6ter (?), n. [Cf. F. apporter to bring in, fr. L. apportare; ad + portare to bear.] A bringer in; an importer. [Obs.]
Sir M. Hale.
ApOpor6tion (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Apportioned (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Apportioning.] [OF. apportionner, LL. apportionare, fr. L. ad + portio. See Portion.] To divide and assign in just proportion; to divide and distribute proportionally; to portion out; to allot; as, to apportion undivided rights; to apportion time among various employments. ApOpor6tionOateOness (?), n. The quality of being apportioned or in proportion. [Obs. & R.] ApOpor6tionOer (?), n. One who apportions. ApOpor6tionOment (?), n. [Cf. F. apportionnement, LL. apportionamentum.] The act of apportioning; a dividing into just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of an undivided right or property.
A. Hamilton.
ApOpose6 (?), v. t. [F. apposer to set to; ? (L. ad) + poser to put, place. See Pose.] 1. To place opposite or before; to put or apply (one thing to another).
The nymph herself did then appose,
For food and beverage, to him all best meat. Chapman.
2. To place in juxtaposition or proximity. ApOpose6, v. t. [For oppose. See Oppose.] To put questions to; to examine; to try. [Obs.] See Pose. To appose him without any accuser, and that secretly. Tyndale.
ApOposed6 (?), a. Placed in apposition; mutually fitting, as the mandibles of a bird’s beak.
ApOpos6er (?), n. An examiner; one whose business is to put questions. Formerly, in the English Court of Exchequer, an officer who audited the sheriffs’ accounts. Ap6poOsite (?), a. [L. appositus, p. p. of apponere to set or put to; ad + ponere to put, place.] Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; P followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case. P Ap6poOsiteOly, adv. P Ap6poOsiteOness, n. Ap7poOsi6tion (?), n. [L. appositio, fr. apponere: cf. F. apposition. See Apposite.] 1. The act of adding; application; accretion.
It grows… by the apposition of new matter. Arbuthnot.
2. The putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side; also, the condition of being so placed.
3. (Gram.) The state of two nouns or pronouns, put in the same case, without a connecting word between them; as, I admire Cicero, the orator. Here, the second noun explains or characterizes the first.
Growth by ~ (Physiol.), a mode of growth characteristic of non vascular tissues, in which nutritive matter from the blood is transformed on the surface of an organ into solid unorganized substance.
Ap7poOsi6tionOal (?), a. Pertaining to apposition; put in apposition syntactically.
Ellicott.
ApOpos6iOtive (?), a. Of or relating to apposition; in apposition. P n. A noun in apposition. P ApOpos6iOtiveOly, adv.
Appositive to the words going immediately before. Knatchbull.
ApOprais6aOble (?), a. Capable of being appraised. ApOprais6al (?), n. [See Appraise. Cf. Apprizal.] A valuation by an authorized person; an appraisement. ApOpraise6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appraised (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Appraising.] [Pref. adO + praise. See Praise, Price, Apprize, Appreciate.] 1. To set a value; to estimate the worth of, particularly by persons appointed for the purpose; as, to appraise goods and chattels.
2. To estimate; to conjecture.
Enoch… appraised his weight.
Tennyson.
3. To praise; to commend. [Obs.]
R. Browning.
Appraised the Lycian custom.
Tennyson.
5 In the United States, this word is often pronounced, and sometimes written, apprize.
ApOpraise6ment (?), n. [See Appraise. Cf. Apprizement.] The act of setting the value; valuation by an appraiser; estimation of worth.
ApOprais6er (?), n. [See Appraise, Apprizer.] One who appraises; esp., a person appointed and sworn to estimate and fix the value of goods or estates.
Ap7preOca6tion , n. [L. apprecari to pray to; ad + precari to pray, prex, precis, prayer.] Earnest prayer; devout wish. [Obs.]
A solemn apprecation of good success. Bp. Hall.
Ap6preOcaOtoOry (?), a. Praying or wishing good. [Obs.]=Apprecatory benedictions.8
Bp. Hall.
ApOpre6ciOaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. apprciable.] Capable of being appreciated or estimated; large enough to be estimated; perceptible; as, an appreciable quantity. P ApOpre6ciOaObly, adv.
ApOpre6ciOant (?), a. Appreciative. [R.] ApOpre6ciOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appreciated; p. pr. & vb. n. Appreciating.] [L. appretiatus, p. p. of appretiare to value at a price, appraise; ad + pretiare to prize, pretium price. Cf. Appraise.] 1. To set a price or value on; to estimate justly; to value.
To appreciate the motives of their enemies. Gibbon.
2. To recognize the worth of; to esteem highly; as, I am afraid you do not appreciate my friend.
3. To raise the value of; to increase the market price of; P opposed to depreciate. [U.S.]
Lest a sudden peace should appreciate the money. Ramsay.
4. To be sensible of; to distinguish. To test the power of b??s to appreciate color. Lubbock.
Syn. – To Appreciate, Estimate, Esteem. Estimate is an act of judgment; esteem is an act of valuing or prizing, and when applied to individuals, denotes a sentiment of moral approbation. See Estimate. Appreciate lies between the two. As compared with estimate, it supposes a union of sensibility with judgment, producing a nice and delicate perception. As compared with esteem, it denotes a valuation of things according to their appropriate and distinctive excellence, and not simply their moral worth. Thus, with reference to the former of these (delicate perception), an able writer says. =Women have a truer appreciation of character than men;8 and another remarks, =It is difficult to appreciate the true force and distinctive sense of terms which we are every day using.8 So, also, we speak of the difference between two things, as sometimes hardly appreciable. With reference to the latter of these (that of valuation as the result of a nice perception), we say, =It requires a pe??liar cast of character to appreciate the poetry of Wordsworth;8 =He who has no delicacy himself, can not appreciate it in others;8 =The thought of death is salutary, because it leads us to appreciate worldly things aright.8 Appreciate is much used in cases where something is in danger of being overlooked or undervalued; as when we speak of appreciating the difficulties of a subject, or the risk of an undertaking. So Lord Plunket, referring to an =ominous silence8 which prevailed among the Irish peasantry, says, =If you knew now to appreciate that silence, it is more formidable than the most clamorous opposition.8 In like manner, a person who asks some favor of another is apt to say, =I trust you will appreciate my motives in this request.8 Here we have the key to a very frequent use of the word. It is hardly necessary to say that appreciate looks on the favorable side of things. we never speak of appreciating a man’s faults, but his merits. This idea of regarding things favorably appears more fully in the word appreciative; as when we speak of an appreciative audience, or an appreciative review, meaning one that manifests a quick perception and a ready valuation of excellence.
ApOpre6ciOate, v. i. To rise in value. [See note under Rise, v. i.]
J. Morse.
ApOpre6ciOa7tingOly (?), adv. In an appreciating manner; with appreciation.
ApOpre7ciOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. apprciation.] 1. A just valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.; recognition of excellence.
2. Accurate perception; true estimation; as, an appreciation of the difficulties before us; an appreciation of colors. His foreboding showed his appreciation of Henry’s character. J. R. Green.
3. A rise in value; P opposed to depreciation. ApOpre6ciOaOtive (?), a. Having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perception; as, an appreciative audience. P ApOpre6ciOaOtiveOly, adv.
ApOpre6ciOaOtiveOness, n. The quality of being appreciative; quick recognition of excellence.
ApOpre6ciOa7tor (?), n. One who appreciates. ApOpre6ciOaOtoOry (?), a. Showing appreciation; appreciative; as, appreciatory commendation. P ApOpre6ciOaOtoOriOly (?), adv.

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Ap7preOhend6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Apprehended; p. pr. & vb. n. Apprehending.] [L. apprehendere; ad + prehendere to lay hold of, seize; prae before + Ohendere (used only in comp.); akin to Gr. ? to hold, contain, and E. get: cf. F. apprhender. See Prehensile, Get.] 1. To take or seize; to take hold of. [Archaic]
We have two hands to apprehended it. Jer. Taylor.
2. Hence: To take or seize (a person) by legal process; to arrest; as, to apprehend a criminal.
3. To take hold of with the understanding, that is, to conceive in the mind; to become cognizant of; to understand; to recognize; to consider.
This suspicion of Earl Reimund, though at first but a buzz, soon got a sting in the king’s head, and he violently apprehended it.
Fuller.
The eternal laws, such as the heroic age apprehended them. Gladstone.
4. To know or learn with certainty. [Obs.] G. You are too much distrustful of my truth. E. Then you must give me leave to apprehend The means and manner how.
Beau. & Fl.
5. To anticipate; esp., to anticipate with anxiety, dread, or fear; to fear.
The opposition had more reason than the king to apprehend violence.
Macaulay.

Syn. – To catch; seize; arrest; detain; capture; conceive; understand; imagine; believe; fear; dread. P To Apprehend, Comprehend. These words come into comparison as describing acts of the mind. Apprehend denotes the laying hold of a thing mentally, so as to understand it clearly, at least in part. Comprehend denotes the embracing or understanding it in all its compass and extent. We may apprehended many truths which we do not comprehend. The very idea of God supposes that he may be apprehended, though not comprehended, by rational beings. =We may apprehended much of Shakespeare’s aim and intention in the character of Hamlet or King Lear; but few will claim that they have comprehended all that is embraced in these characters.8 Trench.
Ap7preOhend6, v. i. 1. To think, believe, or be of opinion; to understand; to suppose.
2. To be apprehensive; to fear.
It is worse to apprehend than to suffer. Rowe.
Ap7preOhend6er (?), n. One who apprehends. Ap7preOhen7siObi6iOty (?), n. The quality of being apprehensible. [R.]
De Quincey.
Ap7preOhen6siOble (?), a. [L. apprehensibilis. See Apprehend.] Capable of being apprehended or conceived. =Apprehensible by faith.8 Bp. Hall. P Ap7OpreOhen6siObly, adv.
Ap7preOhen6sion (?), n. [L. apprehensio: cf. F. apprhension. See Apprehend.] 1. The act of seizing or taking hold of; seizure; as, the hand is an organ of apprehension.
Sir T. Browne.
2. The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest; as, the felon, after his apprehension, escaped. 3. The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any judgment; intellection; perception.
Simple apprehension denotes no more than the soul’s naked intellection of an object.
Glanvill.
4. Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea. 5 In this sense, the word often denotes a belief, founded on