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  • 1913
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Max Miller.
2. One who precedes or goes in front. [Obs.] My antecedent, or my gentleman usher.
3. pl. The earlier events of one’s life; previous principles, conduct, course, history.
J. H. Newman.
If the troops… prove worthy of their antecedents, the victory is surely ours.
Gen. G. McClellan.
4. (Gram.) The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence =Solomon was the prince who built the temple,8 prince is the antecedent of who.
5. (Logic) (a) The first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move. (b) The first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die. 6. (Math.) The first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a : b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent. An7teOced6entOly (?), adv. Previously; before in time; at a time preceding; as, antecedently to conversion. Barrow.
An7teOces6sor (?)(?), n. [L., fr. antecedere, antecessum. See Antecede, Ancestor.] 1. One who goes before; a predecessor.
The successor seldom prosecuting his antecessor’s devices. Sir E. Sandys.
2. An ancestor; a progenitor. [Obs.] An6teOcham7ber (?), n. [Cf. F. antichambre.] 1. A chamber or apartment before the chief apartment and leading into it, in which persons wait for audience; an outer chamber. See Lobby.
2. A space viewed as the outer chamber or the entrance to an interior part.
The mouth, the antechamber to the digestive canal. Todd & Bowman.
An6teOchap7el (?), n. The outer part of the west end of a collegiate or other chapel.
AnOte6cians (?), n. pl. See Ant?cians. An7teOcomOmun6ion (?), n. A name given to that part of the Anglican liturgy for the communion, which precedes the consecration of the elements.
An7teOcur6sor (?), n. [L., fr. antecurrere to run before; ante + currere to run.] A forerunner; a precursor. [Obs.] An6teOdate7 (?), n. 1. Prior date; a date antecedent to another which is the actual date.
2. Anticipation. [Obs.]
An6teOdate7 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Antedated; p. pr. & vb. n. Antedating.] 1. To date before the true time; to assign to an earlier date; thus, to antedate a deed or a bond is to give it a date anterior to the true time of its execution. 2. To precede in time.
3. To anticipate; to make before the true time. And antedate the bliss above.
Who rather rose the day to antedate. Wordsworth.
An7teOdiOlu6viOal (?), a. [Pref. anteO + diluvial.] Before the flood, or Deluge, in Noah’s time.
An7teOdiOlu6viOan (?), a. Of or relating to the period before the Deluge in Noah’s time; hence, antiquated; as, an antediluvian vehicle. P n. One who lived before the Deluge. An6teOfact7 (?), n. Something done before another act. [Obs.]
An6teOfix7 (?), n.; pl. E. Antefixes (?); L. Antefixa (?). [L. ante + fixus fixed.] (Arch.) (a) An ornament fixed upon a frieze. (b) An ornament at the eaves, concealing the ends of the joint tiles of the roof. (c) An ornament of the cymatium of a classic cornice, sometimes pierced for the escape of water.
An7teOflex6ion (?), n. (Med.) A displacement forward of an organ, esp. the uterus, in such manner that its axis is bent upon itself.
T. G. Thomas.
Ant6 egg7 (?). One of the small white eggPshaped pup or cocoons of the ant, often seen in or about antPhills, and popularly supposed to be eggs.
An6teOlope (?), n. [OF. antelop, F. antilope, fro Gr. ?, ?, Eustathius, =Hexa m.,8 p. 36, the origin of which is unknown.] (Zol.) One of a group of ruminant quadrupeds, intermediate between the deer and the goat. The horns are usually annulated, or ringed. There are many species in Africa and Asia.
The antelope and wolf both fierce and fell. Spenser.
5 The common or bezoar ~ of India is Antilope bezoartica. The chamois of the Alps, the gazelle, the addax, and the eland are other species. See Gazelle. The pronghorn ~ (Antilocapra Americana) is found in the Rocky Mountains. See Pronghorn.
An7teOlu6can (?), a. [L. antelucanus; ante + lux light.] Held or being before light; P a word applied to assemblies of Christians, in ancient times of persecution, held before light in the morning. =Antelucan worship.8 De Quincey.
An7teOmeOrid6iOan (?), a. [L. antemeridianus; ante + meridianus belonging to midday or noon. See Meridian.] Being before noon; in or pertaining to the forenoon. (Abbrev. a. m.)
Ant7eOmet6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + emetic.] (Med.) Tending to check vomiting. P n. A remedy to check or allay vomiting. An7teOmoOsa6ic (?), a. Being before the time of Moses. An7teOmun6dane (?), a. Being or occurring before the creation of the world.
An7teOmu6ral (?), n. [L. antemurale: ante + murus wall. See Mural.] An outwork of a strong, high wall, with turrets, in front gateway (as of an old castle), for defending the entrance.
An7teOna6tal (?), a. Before birth.
An7teOni6cene (?), a. [L.] Of or in the Christian church or era, anterior to the first council of Nice, held a. d. 325; as, antenicene faith.
AnOten6na (?), n.; pl. Antenn (?). [L. antenna sailPyard; NL., a feeler, horn of an insect.] (Zol.) A movable, articulated organ of sensation, attached to the heads of insects and Crustacea. There are two in the former, and usually four in the latter. They are used as organs of touch, and in some species of Crustacea the cavity of the ear is situated near the basal joint. In insects, they are popularly called horns, and also feelers. The term in also applied to similar organs on the heads of other arthropods and of annelids.
AnOten6nal (?), a. (Zol.) Belonging to the antenn. Owen.
An7tenOnif6erOous (?), a. [Antenna + Oferous.] (Zol.) Bearing or having antenn.
AnOten6niOform (?), a. [Antenna + Oform.] Shaped like antenn.
AnOten6nule (?), n. [Dim. of antenna.] (Zol.) A small antenna; P applied to the smaller pair of antenn or feelers of Crustacea.
An7teOnum6ber (?), n. A number that precedes another. [R.] Bacon.
An7teOnup6tial (?), a. Preceding marriage; as, an antenuptial agreement.
An7teOor6bitOal (?), a. & n. (Anat.) Same as Antorbital. An7teOpas6chal (?), a. Pertaining to the time before the Passover, or before Easter.
An6teOpast (?), n. [Pref. anteO + L. pastus pasture, food. Cf. Repast.] A foretaste.
Antepasts of joy and comforts.
Jer. Taylor.
X An7teOpen6diOum (?), n. [LL., fr. L. ante + pendere to hang.] (Eccl.) The hangings or screen in front of the altar; an altar cloth; the frontal.
An7teOpe6nult (?), X An7teOpeOnult6iOma (?), } n. [L. antepaenultima (sc. syllaba) antepenultimate; ante before + paenultimus the last but one; paene almost + ultimus last.] (Pros.) The last syllable of a word except two, as Osyl in monosyllable.
An7teOpeOnult6iOmate (?), a. Of or pertaining to the last syllable but two. P n. The antepenult.
Ant7ephOiOal6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? nightmare.] (Med.) Good against nightmare. P n. A remedy nightmare. Dunglison.
Ant7epOiOlep6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + epileptic.] (Med.) Good against epilepsy. P n. A medicine for epilepsy. An6teOpone (?), v. t. [L. anteponere.] To put before; to prefer. [Obs.]
An6teOport (?), n. [Cf. LL. anteporta.] An outer port, gate, or door.
An7teOpor6tiOco (?), n. An outer porch or vestibule. An7teOpoOsi6tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. antepositio. See Position.] (Gram.) The placing of a before another, which, by ordinary rules, ought to follow it.
An7teOpran6diOal (?), a. Preceding dinner. An7teOpreOdic6aOment (?), n. (Logic) A prerequisite to a clear understanding of the predicaments and categories, such as definitions of common terms.
AnOte6riOor (?), a. [L. anterior, comp. of ante before.] 1. Before in time; antecedent.
Antigonus, who was anterior to Polybius. Sir G. C. Lewis.
2. Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior part of the mouth; P opposed to posterior. 5 In comparative anatomy, anterior often signifies at or toward the head, cephalic; and in human anatomy it is often used for ventral.
Syn. – Antecedent; previous; precedent; preceding; former; foregoing.
AnOte7riOor6iOty (?), n. [LL. anterioritas.] The state of being anterior or preceding in time or in situation; priority.
AnOter6riOorOly (?), adv. In an anterior manner; before. An6teOroom (?), n. A room before, or forming an entrance to, another; a waiting room.
An6teOroP (?). A combining form meaning anterior, front; as, anteroPposterior, front and back; anteroPlateral, front side, anterior and at the side.
An6tes (?), n. pl. Ant. See Anta.
An7teOstat6ure (?), n. (Fort.) A small intrenchment or work of palisades, or of sacks of earth.
An6teOstom7ach (?), n. A cavity which leads into the stomach, as in birds.
An6teOtem7ple (?), n. The portico, or narthex in an ancient temple or church.
An7teOver6sion (?), n. [Pref. anteO + L. vertere, versum, to turn.] (Med.) A displacement of an organ, esp. of the uterus, in such manner that its whole axis is directed further forward than usual.
An7teOvert6 (?), v. t. [L. antevertere; ante + vertere to turn.] 1. To prevent. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
2. (Med.) To displace by anteversion. AntOhel6ion (?; 277, 106), n.; pl. Anthelia (?). [Pref. anti + Gr. ? sun.] (Meteor.) A halo opposite the sun, consisting of a colored ring or rings around the shadow of the spectator’s own head, as projected on a cloud or on an opposite fog bank.

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Ant6heOlix (?), n. (Anat.) Same as Antihelix. An6thelOmin6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ?, ?, worm, esp. a tapeworm, or mawworm..] (Med.) Good against intestinal worms. P n. An anthelmintic remedy. [Written also anthelmintic.]
An6them (?), n. [OE. antym, antefne, AS. antefen, fr. LL. antiphona, fr. Gr. ?, neut. pl. of ? antiphon, or anthem, n. neut., from ? sounding contrary, returning a sound; ? over against + ? sound, voice: the anthem being sung by the choristers alternately, one halfPchoir answering the other: cf. OF. anthaine, anteine, antieune, F. antienne. See Antiphon.] 1. Formerly, a hymn sung in alternate parts, in present usage, a selection from the Psalms, or other parts of the Scriptures or the liturgy, set to sacred music. 2. A song or hymn of praise.
An6them, v. t. To celebrate with anthems. [Poet.] Sweet birds antheming the morn.
X AnOthe6miOon (?), [NL., fr. Gr. ? flower.] A floral ornament. See Palmette.
X An6theOmis (?), n. [Gr. ?, equiv. to ? flower; an herb like our chamomile.] (Bot.) Chamomile; a genus of composite, herbaceous plants.
An6themOwise7 (?), adv. Alternately. [Obs.] Bacon.
An6ther (?), n. [F. anth
re, L. anthera a medicine composed
of flowers, fr. Gr. ? flowery, fr. ? to bloom, ? flower.] (Bot.) That part of the stamen containing the pollen, or fertilizing dust, which, when mature, is emitted for the impregnation of the ovary. P An6therOal (?), a. X An7therOid6iOum (?), n.; pl. Antheridia (?). [Anther + ? (a Gr. diminutive ending).] (Bot.) The male reproductive apparatus in the lower, consisting of a cell or other cavity in which spermatozoids are produced; P called also spermary. P An7therOid6iOal (?), a.
An7therOif6erOous (?), a. [Anther + Oferous.] (Bot.) (a) Producing anthers, as plants. (b) Supporting anthers, as a part of a flower.
AnOther6iOform (?), a. [Anther + Oform.] Shaped like an anther; antherPshaped.
An7therOog6eOnous (?), a. [Anther + Ogenous.] (Bot.) Transformed from anthers, as the petals of a double flower. An6therOoid (?), a. [Anther + Ooid.] Resembling an anther. An7therOoOzoid (?), An7therOoOzoo6id (?), } n. [Gr. ? flowery + ? animal + Ooid. See Zooid.] (Bot.) One of the mobile male reproductive bodies in the antheridia of cryptograms.
X AnOthe6sis (?), n. [Gr. ? bloom, fr. ? to bloom, ? flower.] (Bot.) The period or state of full expansion in a flower.
Ant6Phill (?), n. (Zol.) A mound thrown up by ants or by termites in forming their nests.
AnOtho6biOan (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + ? life.] (Zol.) A beetle which feeds on flowers.
X An7thoObran6chiOa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? flower + ? gills, n. pl.] (Zol.) A division of nudibranchiate Mollusca, in which the gills form a wreath or cluster upon the posterior part of the back. See Nudibranchiata, and Doris.
An7thoOcar6pous (?), a. [Gr. ? flower + ? fruit.] (Bot.) Having some portion of the floral envelopes attached to the pericarp to form the fruit, as in the checkerberry, the mulberry, and the pineapple.
An7thoOcy6aOnin (?), n. Same as Anthokyan. X AnOtho6diOum (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ? like flowers, flowery; ? flower + ? form.] (Bot.) The inflorescence of a compound flower in which many florets are gathered into a involucrate head.
AnOtho6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + Ography.] A description of flowers.
An6thoid (?), a. [Gr. ? flower + Ooid.] Resembling a flower; flowerlike.
An7thoOky6an (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + ? blue.] (Chem.) The blue coloring matter of certain flowers. Same as Cyanin. An6thoOlite (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + Olite.] (Paleon.) A fossil plant, like a petrified flower.
An7thoOlog6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to anthology; consisting of beautiful extracts from different authors, especially the poets.
He published a geographical and anthological description of all empires and kingdoms… in this terrestrial globe. Wood.
AnOthol6oOgist (?), n. One who compiles an anthology. AnOthol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? flower gathering; ? flower + ? to gather.] 1. A discourses on flowers. [R.] 2. A collection of flowers; a garland. [R.] 3. A collection of flowers of literature, that is, beautiful passages from authors; a collection of poems or epigrams; P particularly applied to a collection of ancient Greek epigrams.
4. (Gr. Ch.) A service book containing a selection of pieces for the festival services.
An7thoOma6niOa (?), n. [Gr. ? flower ? madness.] A extravagant fondness for flowers. [R.]
An6thoOny’s Fire7 (?). See Saint Anthony’s Fire, under Saint.
AnOthoph6aOgous (?), a. [Gr. ? flower + ? to eat.] (Zol.) Eating flowers; P said of certain insects. An6thoOphore (?), n. [Gr. ? bearing flowers; ? flower + ? bearing, ? to bear.] (Bot.) The stipe when developed into an internode between calyx and corolla, as in the Pink family. Gray.
AnOtoph6oOrous (?), a. Flower bearing; supporting the flower.
AnOthoph6ylOlite (?), n. [NL. anthophyllum clove.] A mineral of the hornblende group, of a yellowish gray or clove brown color. P An7thoOphylOlit6ic (?), a.
An6thoOrism (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? to bound, define.] (Rhet.) A description or definition contrary to that which is given by the adverse party. [R.]
An6thoOtax7y (?), n. [Gr. ? flower + ? order.] (Bot.) The arrangement of flowers in a cluster; the science of the relative position of flowers; inflorescence. X An7thoOzo6a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? flower + ? animal.] (Zol.) The class of the C?lenterata which includes the corals and sea anemones. The three principal groups or orders are Acyonaria, Actinaria, and Madreporaria. An7thoOzo6an (?), a. (Zol.) Pertaining to the Anthozoa. P n. One of the Anthozoa.
An6thoOzo6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Anthozoa. An6thraOcene (?), n. [Gr. ? coal.] (Chem.) A solid hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2H2.C6H4, which accompanies naphthalene in the last stages of the distillation of coal tar. Its chief use is in the artificial production of alizarin. [Written also anthracin.]
AnOthrac6ic (?), a. Of or relating to anthrax; as, anthracic blood.
An7thraOcif6erOous (?), a. [Gr. ? coal + Oferous.] (Min.) Yielding anthracite; as, anthraciferous strata. An6thraOcite (?), n. [L. anthracites a kind of bloodstone; fr. Gr. ? like coals, fr. ?, ?, coal or charcoal. Cf. Anthrax.] A hard, compact variety of mineral coal, of high luster, differing from bituminous coal in containing little or no bitumen, in consequence of which it burns with a nearly non luminous flame. The purer specimens consist almost wholly of carbon. Also called glance coal and blind coal.
An6thraOcit6ic (?), a. Of, pertaining to, or like, anthracite; as, anthracitic formations.
An6thraOcoid (?), a. [Anthrax + Ooid.] (Biol.) Resembling anthrax in action; of the nature of anthrax; as, an anthracoid microbe.
An6thraOcoOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, coal + Omancy.] Divination by inspecting a burning coal. An7thraOcom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? coal, carbon + Ometer.] An instrument for measuring the amount of carbonic acid in a mixture.
An7thraOcoOmet6ric (?), a. Of or pertaining to an anthracometer.
AnOthra6oOnite (?), n. [See Anthracite.] (Min.) A coalPblack marble, usually emitting a fetid smell when rubbed; P called also stinkstone and swinestone.
An7thraOqui6none (?), n. [Anthracene + quinone.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2O2.C6H4, subliming in shining yellow needless. It is obtained by oxidation of anthracene. An6thrax (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? coal, carbuncle.] 1. (Med.) (a) A carbuncle. (b) A malignant pustule. 2. (Biol.) A microscopic, bacterial organism (Bacillus anthracis), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under Bacillus.]
3. An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed to the presence of a rodPshaped bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), the spores of which constitute the contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria. Called also splenic fever.
X AnOthre6nus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a hornet.] (Zol.) A genus of small beetles, several of which, in the larval state, are very destructive to woolen goods, fur, etc. The common =museum pest8 is A. varius; the carpet beetle is A. scrophulari. The larv are commonly confounded with moths. AnOthrop6ic (?), AnOthrop6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? man.] (Zol.) Like or related to man; human. [R.] Owen.
X AnOthrop6Od (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? man.] (Zol.) The group that includes man only.
An7throOpoOcen6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? man + ? center.] Assuming man as the center or ultimate end; P applied to theories of the universe or of any part of it, as the solar system. Draper.
An7throOpoOgen6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anthropogeny. An7throOpog6eOny (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? birth.] The science or study of human generation, or the origin and development of man.
AnOthrop6oOglot (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? man + ?, ?, tongue.] (Zol.) An animal which has a tongue resembling that of man, as the parrot.
An7throOpog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Ography.] That branch of anthropology which treats of the actual distribution of the human race in its different divisions, as distinguished by physical character, language, institutions, and customs, in contradistinction to ethnography, which treats historically of the origin and filiation of races and nations.
P. Cyc.
An6throOpoid (?), a. [Gr. ? man + Ooid.] Resembling man; P applied especially to certain apes, as the ourang or gorilla. P n. An ~ ape.
An7throOpoid6al (?), a. Anthropoid. X An7throOpoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [NL. See Anthropoid.] (Zol.) The suborder of primates which includes the monkeys, apes, and man.
An7throOpol6aOtry (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? worship.] Man worship.
AnOthrop6oOlite (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Olite.] (Paleon.) A petrifaction of the human body, or of any portion of it. An7throOpoOlog6ic (?), An7throOpoOlog6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining to anthropology; belonging to the nature of man. =Anthropologic wisdom.8 Kingsley. P An7throOpoOlog6icOalOly, adv.
An7throOpol6oOgist (?), n. One who is versed in anthropology.
An7throOpol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Ology.] 1. The science of the structure and functions of the human body. 2. The science of man; P sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal.
3. That manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God. An6throOpoOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Omancy.] Divination by the entrails of human being.
An7throOpoOmet6ric (?), An7throOpoOmet6ricOal (?), } a. Pertaining to anthropometry.
An7throOpom6eOtry (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Omercy.] Measurement of the height and other dimensions of human beings, especially at different ages, or in different races, occupations, etc.
X An7throOpoOmor6pha (?), n. pl. [NL. See Anthropomorphism.] (Zol.) The manlike, or anthropoid, apes. An7throOpoOmor6phic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anthromorphism. Hadley. P An7throOpoOmor6phicOalOly (?), adv.
An7throOpoOmor6phism (?), n. [Gr. ? of human form; ? man + ? form.] 1. The representation of the Deity, or of a polytheistic deity, under a human form, or with human attributes and affections.
2. The ascription of human characteristics to things not human.
An7throOpoOmor6phist (?), n. One who attributes the human form or other human attributes to the Deity or to anything not human.
An7throOpoOmor6phite (?), n. One who ascribes a human form or human attributes to the Deity or to a polytheistic deity. Taylor. Specifically, one of a sect of ancient heretics who believed that God has a human form, etc. Tillotson. An7throOpoOmorOphit6ic (?), a. (Biol.) to anthropomorphism. Kitto.
An7throOpoOmor6phiOtism (?), n. Anthropomorphism. Wordsworth.
An7throOpoOmor6phize (?), v. t. & i. To attribute a human form or personality to.
You may see imaginative children every day anthropomorphizing.
An7throOpoOmorOphol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? + Ology. See Anthropomorphism.] The application to God of terms descriptive of human beings.
An7throOpoOmor6phoOsis (?), n. Transformation into the form of a human being.
An7throOpoOmor6phous (?), a.Having the figure of, or resemblance to, a man; as, an anthromorphous plant. =Anthromorphous apes.8
An7throOpoOpath6ic (?), An7throOpoOpath6icOal (?), } a. Of or pertaining to anthropopathy. [R.] P
An7throOpoOpath6icOalOly, adv.
The daring anthropopathic imagery by which the prophets often represent God as chiding, upbraiding, threatening. H. Rogers.
An7throOpop6aOthism (?), An7throOpop6aOthy (?), } n. [Gr. ?; ? man + ? suffering, affection, passion, ?, ?, to suffer.] The ascription of human feelings or passions to God, or to a polytheistic deity.
In its recoil from the gross anthropopathy of the vulgar notions, it falls into the vacuum of absolute apathy. Hare.
X An7throOpoph6aOgi (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr. ? eating men; ? man + + ? to eat.] Man eaters; cannibals. Shak.
An7throOpoOphag6ic (?), An7throOpoOphag6icOal (?), } a. Relating to cannibalism or anthropophagy. An7throOpoph7aOgin6iOan (?), n. One who east human flesh. [Ludicrous]
An7throOpoph6aOgite (?), n. A cannibal. W. Taylor.
An7throOpoph6aOgous (?), a. Feeding on human flesh; cannibal.
An7throOpoph6aOgy (?)(?), n. [Gr. ?.] The eating of human flesh; cannibalism.

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An6throOpoph6uOism (?), n. [Gr. ? of man’s nature; ? a man + ? nature.] Human nature. [R.]
An7throOpos6coOpy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + Oscopy.] The art of discovering or judging of a man’s character, passions. and inclinations from a study of his visible features. [R.] An7throOpos6oOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? wisdom, knowledge.] Knowledge of the nature of man; hence, human wisdom. An7throOpoOtom6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to anthropotomy, or the dissection of human bodies.
An7throOpot6oOmist (?), n. One who is versed in anthropotomy, or human anatomy.
An7throOpot6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ? man + ? a cutting.] The anatomy or dissection of the human body; androtomy. Owen.
Ant7hypOnot6ic (?). See Antihypnotic. Ant7hypOoOchon6driOac (?), a. & n. See Antihypochondriac. Ant7hysOter6ic (?), a. & n. See Antihysteric. An6ti (?). [Gr. ? against. See Ante.] A prefix meaning against, opposite or opposed to, contrary, or in place of; P used in composition in many English words. It is often shortened to antO; as, antacid, antarctic. X An6tiO (?), n. pl. [L., forelock.] (Zol.) The two projecting feathered angles of the forehead of some birds; the frontal points.
An7tiOalObu6mid (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Oalbumin.] (Physiol. Chem.) A body formed from albumin by pancreatic and gastric digestion. It is convertible into antipeptone. An7tiOal6buOmose7 (?), n. (Physiol.) See Albumose. An7tiPAOmer6iOcan (?), a. Opposed to the Americans, their aims, or interests, or to the genius of American institutions.
An7tiOaph7roOdis6iOac (?), a. & n. Same as Antaphrodisiac. An7tiOap7oOplec6tic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as Antapoplectic.
An6tiOar (?), n. [Jav. antjar.] A Virulent poison prepared in Java from the gum resin of one species of the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria).
An7tiOaOrin (?), n. (Chem.) A poisonous principle obtained from antiar.
An7tiOasthOmat6ic (?), a. & n. Same as Antasthmatic. An7tiOatOtri6tion (?), n. Anything to prevent the effects of friction, esp. a compound lubricant for machinery, etc., often consisting of plumbago, with some greasy material; antifriction grease.
X An7tiObacOchi6us (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? + ?. See Bacchius.] (Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the first two long, and the last short (?).
An7tiObil6lous (?), a. Counteractive of bilious complaints; tending to relieve biliousness.
An7tiObranch6iOal (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the antibrachium, or forearm.
X An7tiObrach6iOum (?), n. [NL.] (Anat.) That part of the fore limb between the brachium and the carpus; the forearm. An7tiObro6mic (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? a stink.] An agent that destroys offensive smells; a deodorizer. An7tiOburgh6er (?), n. (Eccl. Hist.) One who seceded from the Burghers (1747), deeming it improper to take the Burgess oath.
An6tic (?), a. [The same word as antique; cf. It. antico ancient. See Antique.] 1. Old; antique. (Zol.) =Lords of antic fame.8
2. Odd; fantastic; fanciful; grotesque; ludicrous. The antic postures of a merryPandrew.
The Saxons… worshiped many idols, barbarous in name, some monstrous, all antic for shape.
An6tic, n. 1. A buffoon or merryOandrew; one that practices odd gesticulations; the Fool of the old play. 2. An odd imagery, device, or tracery; a fantastic figure. Woven with antics and wild imagery.
3. A grotesque trick; a piece of buffoonery; a caper. And fraught with antics as the Indian bird That writhes and chatters in her wiry cage. Wordsworth.
4. (Arch.) A grotesque representation. [Obs.] 5. An antimask. [Obs. or R.]
Performed by knights and ladies of his court In nature of an antic.
An6tic, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anticked (?), Antickt.] To make appear like a buffoon. [Obs.]
An6tic, v. i. To perform antics.
An7tiOcaOtarrh7al (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious against catarrh. P n. An anticatarrhal remedy.
An7tiOcath6ode (?), n. (Phys.) The part of a vacuum tube opposite the cathode. Upon it the cathode rays impinge. An7tiOcauOsod6ic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as Anticausotic. An7tiOcauOsot6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? fever, ? to burn.] (Med.) Good against an inflammatory fever. P n. A remedy for such a fever.
An6tiOcham7ber, n. [Obs.] See Antechamber. An6tiOchlor (?), n. [Pref. antiO + chlorine.] (Chem.) Any substance (but especially sodium hyposulphite) used in removing the excess of chlorine left in paper pulp or stuffs after bleaching.
An6tiOchrist (?), n. [L. Antichristus, Gr. ?; ? against + ?.] A denier or opponent of Christ. Specif.: A great antagonist, person or power, expected to precede Christ’s second coming.
An7tiOchris6tian (?; 106), a. Opposed to the Christian religion.
An7tiOchris6tianOism (?), An7tiOchrisOtian6iOty (?), } n. Opposition or contrariety to the Christian religion. An7tiOchris6tianOly (?), adv. In an antichristian manner. An7tiOchron6icOal (?), a. Deviating from the proper order of time. P An7tiOchron6icOalOly, adv.
AnOtich6roOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? against + ? time.] Deviation from the true order of time; anachronism. [R.] Selden.
X AnOtich6thon (?), n.; pl. Antichthones (?). [Gr. ?; ? against + ? the earth.] 1. A hypothetical earth counter to ours, or on the opposite side of the sun. Grote.
2. pl. Inhabitants of opposite hemispheres. Whewell.
AnOtic6iOpant (?), a. [L. anticipans, p. pr. of anticipare.] Anticipating; expectant; P with of.
Wakening guilt, anticipant of hell. Southey.
AnOtic6iOpate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anticipated (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Anticipating (?).] [L. anticipatus, p. p. of anticipare to anticipate; ante + capere to make. See Capable.] 1. To be before in doing; to do or take before another; to preclude or prevent by prior action. To anticipate and prevent the duke’s purpose. R. Hall.
He would probably have died by the hand of the executioner, if indeed the executioner had not been anticipated by the populace.
2. To take up or introduce beforehand, or before the proper or normal time; to cause to occur earlier or prematurely; as, the advocate has anticipated a part of his argument. 3. To foresee (a wish, command, etc.) and do beforehand that which will be desired.
4. To foretaste or foresee; to have a previous view or impression of; as, to anticipate the pleasures of a visit; to anticipate the evils of life.
Syn. – To prevent; obviate; preclude; forestall; expect. P To Anticipate, Expect. These words, as here compared, agree in regarding some future event as about to take place. Expect is the stringer. It supposes some ground or reason in the mind for considering the event as likely to happen. Anticipate is, literally, to take beforehand, and here denotes simply to take into the mind as conception of the future. Hence, to say, =I did not anticipate a refusal,8 expresses something less definite and strong than to say, = did not expect it.8 Still, anticipate is a convenient word to be interchanged with expect in cases where the thought will allow.
Good with bad
Expect to hear; supernal grace contending With sinfulness of men.
I would not anticipate the relish of any happiness, nor feel the weight of any misery, before it actually arrives. Spectator.
Timid men were anticipating another civil war. Macaulay.
AnOtic7iOpa6tion (?), n. [L. anticipatio: cf. F. anticipation.] 1. The act of anticipating, taking up, placing, or considering something beforehand, or before the proper time in natural order.
So shall my anticipation prevent your discovery. Shak.
2. Previous view or impression of what is to happen; instinctive prevision; foretaste; antepast; as, the anticipation of the joys of heaven.
The happy anticipation of renewed existence in company with the spirits of the just.
3. Hasty notion; intuitive preconception. Many men give themselves up to the first anticipations of their minds.
4. (Mus.) The commencing of one or more tones of a chord with or during the chord preceding, forming a momentary discord.
Syn. – Preoccupation; preclusion; foretaste; prelibation; antepast; pregustation; preconception; expectation; foresight; forethought.
AnOtic6iOpaOtive (?), a. Anticipating, or containing anticipation. =Anticipative of the feast to come.8 Cary. P AnOtic6iOpaOtiveOly, adv.
AnOtic6iOpa7tor (?), n. One who anticipates. AnOtic6iOpaOtoOry (?), a. Forecasting; of the nature of anticipation.
Here is an anticipatory glance of what was to be. J. C. Shairp.
An7tiOciv6ic (?), n. Opposed to citizenship. An7tiOciv6ism (?), n. Opposition to the body politic of citizens. [Obs.]
An7tiOclas6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO = Gr. ? to break.] Having to opposite curvatures, that is, curved longitudinally in one direction and transversely in the opposite direction, as the surface of a saddle. An7tiOcli6max (?), n. (Rhet.) A sentence in which the ideas fall, or become less important and striking, at the close; P the opposite of climax. It produces a ridiculous effect. Example:
Next comes Dalhousie, the great god of war, LieutenantOcolonel to the Earl ?? Mar.
An7tiOcli6nal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? to incline.] Inclining or dipping in opposite directions. See Synclinal. w line, w axis (Geol.), a line from which strata dip in opposite directions, as from the ridge of a roof. P w vertebra (Anat.), one of the dorsal vertebr, which in many animals has an upright spine toward which the spines of the neighboring vertebr are inclined.
An7tiOcli6nal, n. (Geol.) The crest or line in which strata slope or dip in opposite directions.
X An7tiOcliOno6riOum (?), n.; pl. Anticlinoria (?). [NL., fr. Gr. ? against + ? to incline + ? mountain.]] (Geol.) The upward elevation of the crust of the earth, resulting from a geanticlinal.
An6ticOly (?), adv. Oddly; grotesquely. An6ticPmask7 (?), n. An antimask.
B. Jonson.
An6ticOness, n. The quality of being antic. Ford.
An7tiOcon7stiOtu6tionOal (?), a. Opposed to the constitution; unconstitutional.
An7tiOconOta6gious (?), a. (Med.) Opposing or destroying contagion.
An7tiOconOvul6sive (?), a. (Med.) Good against convulsions. J. Floyer.
An6tiOcor (?), n. [Pref. antiO + L. cor heart; cf. F. antic?ur.] (Far.) A dangerous inflammatory swelling of a horse’s breast, just opposite the heart. AnOti6cous (?), a. [L. anticus in front, foremost, fr. ante before.] (Bot.) Facing toward the axis of the flower, as in the introrse anthers of the water lily.
An6tiOcy7clone (?), n. (Meteorol.) A movement of the atmosphere opposite in character, as regards direction of the wind and distribution of barometric pressure, to that of a cyclone. P An7tiOcyOclon6ic (?), a. P
An7tiOcyOclon6icOalOly (?), adv.
An6tiOdo7tal (?)(?) a. Having the quality an antidote; fitted to counteract the effects of poison. Sir T. Browne. P An6tiOdo7talOly, adv.
An6tiOdo7taOry (?), a. Antidotal. P n. Antidote; also, a book of antidotes.
An6tiOdote (?), n. [L. antidotum, Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? given against; ? against + ? to give: cf. F. antidote. See Dose, n.] 1. A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything noxious taken into the stomach; P used with against, for, or to; as, an antidote against, for, or to, poison.
2. Whatever tends to prevent mischievous effects, or to counteract evil which something else might produce. An6tiOdote, v. t. 1. To counteract or prevent the effects of, by giving or taking an antidote.
Nor could Alexander himself… antidote… the poisonous draught, when it had once got into his veins. South.
2. To fortify or preserve by an antidote. An7tiOdot6icOal (?), a. Serving as an antidote. P An7tiOdot6icOalOly, adv.
AnOtid6roOmous (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? a running.] (Bot.) Changing the direction in the spiral sequence of leaves on a stem.
An7tiOdys7enOter6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against dysentery. P n. A medicine for dysentery.
An7tiOeOmet6ic (?), a. ? n. (Med.) Same as Antemetic. An7tiOeph7iOal6tic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as Antephialtic. An7tiOep7iOlep6tic (?), a. & n. (Med.) Same as Antepileptic. An7tiOfe6brile (?), a. & n. (Med.) Febrifuge. An7tiOfeb6rine (?), n. (Med.) Acetanilide. An7tiPfed6erOalOist (?), n. One of party opposed to a federative government; P applied particularly to the party which opposed the adoption of the constitution of the United States.
An7tiOfric6tion (?), n. Something to lesse? friction; antiattrition. P a. Tending to lessen friction. An7tiOgaOlas6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ?, ?, milk.] Causing a diminution or a suppression of the secretion of milk.
An7tiOGal6liOcan (?), a. Opposed to what is Gallic or French.
An6tiOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? a transcribing: cf. F. antigraphe.] A copy or transcript.
An7tiOgug6gler (?)(?) n. [Pref. antiO + guggle or gurgle.] A crooked tube of metal, to be introduced into the neck of a bottle for drawing out the liquid without disturbing the sediment or causing a gurgling noise.
An7tiOhe6lix (?), n. (Anat.) The curved elevation of the cartilage of the ear, within or in front o? the helix. See Ear.
An7tiOhem7orOrhag6ic (?), a. (Med.) Tending to stop hemorrhage. P n. A remedy hemorrhage.
An7tiOhy7droOphob6ic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting or preventing hydrophobia. P n. A remedy for hydrophobia. An7tiOhyOdrop6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against dropsy. P n. A remedy for dropsy.
An7tiOhypOnot6ic (?), a. (Med.) Tending to prevent sleep. P n. An antihypnotic agent.
An7tiOhyp7oOchon6driOac (?), a. (Med.) Counteractive of hypochondria. P n. A remedy for hypochondria. An7tiOhysOter6ic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting hysteria. P n. A remedy for hysteria.
An7tiOicOter6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against jaundice. P n. A remedy for jaundice.
X An7tiOleOgom6eOna (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? against + ? to speak; part. pass. ?.] (Eccl.) Certain books of the New Testament which were for a time not universally received, but which are now considered canonical. These are the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Epistles of James and Jude, the second Epistle of Peter, the second and third Epistles of John, and the Revelation. The undisputed books are called the Homologoumena.
An7tiOliObra6tion (?), n. A balancing; equipoise. [R.] De Quincey.

An7tiOlith6ic (?), a. (Med.) Tending to prevent the formation of urinary calculi, or to destroy them when formed. P n. An antilithic medicine.
An7tiOlog6aOrithm (?), n. (Math.) The number corresponding to a logarithm. The word has been sometimes, though rarely, used to denote the complement of a given logarithm; also the logarithmic cosine corresponding to a given logarithmic sine. P An7tiOlog7aOrith6mic (?), a.
AnOtil6oOgous (?), a. Of the contrary name or character; P opposed to analogous.
w pole (Eccl.), that pole of a crystal which becomes negatively electrified when heated.
AnOtil6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Antilogies (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? contradictory; ? against + ? to speak.] A contradiction between any words or passages in an author. Sir W. Hamilton.

<– p. 65 –>

An7tiOloi6mic (?), n. (Med.) A remedy against the plague. Brande & C.
AnOtil6oOpine (?), a. Of or relating to the antelope. AnOtil6oOquist (?), n. A contradicter. [Obs.] AnOtil6oOquy (?), n. [Pref. antiO + L. loqui to speak.] Contradiction. [Obs.]
An7tiOlys6sic (?), a. & n. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? rage, madness.] (Med.) Antihydrophobic.
An7tiOmaOcas6sar (?), n. A cover for the back or arms of a chair or sofa, etc., to prevent them from being soiled by macassar or other oil from the hair.
An7tiOmaOgis6tricOal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + magistrical for magistratical.] Opposed to the office or authority of magistrates. [Obs.]
An7tiOmaOla6riOal (?), a. Good against malaria. An6tiOmask7 (?), n. A secondary mask, or grotesque interlude, between the parts of a serious mask. [Written also antimasque.]
An7tiOma6son (?), n. One opposed to Freemasonry. P An7tiOmaOson6ic (?), a.
An7tiOma6sonOry (?), n. Opposition to Freemasonry. An7tiOmeOphit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against mephitic or deleterious gases. P n. A remedy against mephitic gases. Dunglison.
An6tiOmere (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Omere.] (Biol.) One of the two halves of bilaterally symmetrical animals; one of any opposite symmetrical or homotypic parts in animals and plants.
X An7tiOmeOtab6oOle (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rhet.) A figure in which the same words or ideas are repeated in transposed order.
X An7tiOmeOtath6eOsis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rhet.) An antithesis in which the members are repeated in inverse order.
AnOtim6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? like + ? measure.] A modification of the quadrant, for measuring small angles. [Obs.]
An7tiOmoOnar6chic (?), An7tiOmoOnar6chicOal (?), } Opposed to monarchial government.
Bp. Benson. Addison.
An7tiOmon6archOist (?), n. An enemy to monarchial government.
An7tiOmo6nate (?), n.(Chem.) A compound of antimonic acid with a base or basic radical. [Written also antimoniate.] An7tiOmo6niOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to antimony. P n. (Med.) A preparation or medicine containing antimony. w powder, a consisting of one part oxide of antimony and two parts phosphate of calcium; P also called James’s powder. An7tiOmo6niOa7ted (?), a. Combined or prepared with antimony; as, antimoniated tartar.
An7tiOmon6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, antimony; P said of those compounds of antimony in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, antimonic acid.
An7tiOmo6niOous (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, antimony; P said of those compounds of antimony in which this element has an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, antimonious acid.
An6tiOmoOnite7 (?), n. 1. (Chem.) A compound of antimonious acid and a base or basic radical.
2. (Min.) Stibnite.
An7tiOmo6niOuOret7ed (?), a. (Chem.) Combined with or containing antimony; as, antimoniureted hydrogen. [Written also antimoniuretted.]
An6tiOmoOny (?; 112), n. [LL. antimonium, of unknown origin.] (Chem.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic substances. Atomic weight, 120. Symbol, Sb. 5 It is of tinPwhite color, brittle, laminated or crystalline, fusible, and vaporizable at a rather low temperature. It is used in some metallic alloys, as type metal and bell metal, and also for medical preparations, which are in general emetics or cathartics. By ancient writers, and some moderns, the term is applied to native gray ore of antimony, or stibnite (the stibium of the Romans, and the ? of the Greeks, a sulphide of ~, from which most of the ~ of commerce is obtained. Cervantite, senarmontite, and valentinite are native oxides of ~. An7tiOna6tionOal (?), a. Antagonistic to one’s country or nation, or to a national government.
An7tiOneOphrit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting, or deemed of use in, diseases of the kidneys. P n. An ~ remedy. An7tiOno6miOan (?), a. [See Antimony.] Of or pertaining to the Antinomians; opposed to the doctrine that the moral law is obligatory.
An7tiOno6miOan, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One who maintains that, under the gospel dispensation, the moral law is of no use or obligation, but that faith alone is necessary to salvation. The sect of Antinomians originated with John Agricola, in Germany, about the year 1535.
An7tiOno6miOanOism (?), n. The tenets or practice of Antinomians.
AnOtin6oOmist (?), n. An Antinomian. [R.] Bp. Sanderson.
AnOtin6oOmy (?; 277), n.; pl. Antinomies (?). [L. antinomia, Gr. ?; ? against + ? law.] 1. Opposition of one law or rule to another law or rule.
Different commentators have deduced from it the very opposite doctrines. In some instances this apparent antinomy is doubtful.
De Quincey.
2. An opposing law or rule of any kind. As it were by his own antinomy, or counterstatute. Milton.
3. (Metaph.) A contradiction or incompatibility of thought or language; P in the Kantian philosophy, such a contradiction as arises from the attempt to apply to the ideas of the reason, relations or attributes which are appropriate only to the facts or the concepts of experience. An7tiOo6chiOan (?), a. 1. Pertaining to Antiochus, a contemporary with Cicero, and the founder of a sect of philosophers.
2. Of or pertaining to the city of Antioch, in Syria. w epoch (Chron.), a method of computing time, from the proclamation of liberty granted to the city of Antioch, about the time of the battle of Pharsalia, b. c. 48. An7tiOo7donOtal6gic (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious in curing toothache. P n. A remedy for toothache.
An7tiOorOgas6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? to swell, as with lust.] (Med.) Tending to allay venereal excitement or desire; sedative.
An7tiOpa6pal (?), a. Opposed to the pope or to popery. Milton.
An7tiOpar6alOlel (?), a. Running in a contrary direction. Hammond.
An7tiOpar6alOlels (?), n. pl. (Geom.) Straight lines or planes which make angles in some respect opposite in character to those made by parallel lines or planes. An7tiOpar7aOlyt6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against paralysis. P n. A medicine for paralysis.
An7tiOpar7aOlyt6icOal (?), a. Antiparalytic. An7tiOpaOthet6ic (?), An7tiOpaOthet6icOal (?), } a. Having a natural contrariety, or constitutional aversion, to a thing; characterized by antipathy; P often followed by to. Fuller.
An7tiOpath6ic (?), a. [NL. antipathicus, Gr. ? of opposite feelings.] (Med.) Belonging to antipathy; opposite; contrary; allopathic.
AnOtip6aOthist (?), n. One who has an antipathy. [R.] =Antipathist of light.8
AnOtip6aOthous (?), a. Having a natural contrariety; adverse; antipathetic. [Obs.]
Beau. & Fl.
AnOtip6aOthize (?), v. i. To feel or show antipathy. [R.] AnOtip6aOthy (?), n.; pl. Antipathies (?). [L. antipathia, Gr. ?; ? against + ? to suffer. Cf. F. antipathie. See Pathos.] 1. Contrariety or opposition in feeling; settled aversion or dislike; repugnance; distaste. Inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and passionate attachments to others, are to be avoided. Washington.
2. Natural contrariety; incompatibility; repugnancy of qualities; as, oil and water have antipathy. A habit is generated of thinking that a natural antipathy exists between hope and reason.
I. Taylor.
5 Antipathy is opposed to sympathy. It is followed by to, against, or between; also sometimes by for. Syn. – Hatred; aversion; dislike; disgust; distaste; enmity; ill will; repugnance; contrariety; opposition. See Dislike. An7tiOpep6tone (?), n. (Physiol. Chem.) A product of gastric and pancreatic digestion, differing from hemipeptone in not being decomposed by the continued action of pancreatic juice.
An7tiOpe7riOod6ic (?), n. (Med.) A remedy possessing the property of preventing the return of periodic paroxysms, or exacerbations, of disease, as in intermittent fevers. An7tiOper7iOstal6tic (?), a. (Med.) Opposed to, or checking motion; acting upward; P applied to an inverted action of the intestinal tube.
X An7tiOpeOris6taOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? against + ? a standing around, fr. ? to stand around; ? around + ? to stand.] Opposition by which the quality opposed asquires strength; resistance or reaction roused by opposition or by the action of an opposite principle or quality. An7tiOper7iOstat6ic (?), a. Pertaining to antiperistasis. An7tiOpet6alOous (?), a. [Pref. antiO + petal.] (Bot.) Standing before a petal, as a stamen.
An7tiOphar6mic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? poison.] (Med.) Antidotal; alexipharmic.
An7tiOphloOgis6tian (?), n. An opposer of the theory of phlogiston.
An7tiOphloOgis6tic (?), a. 1. (Chem.) Opposed to the doctrine of phlogiston.
2. (Med.) Counteracting inflammation. An7tiOphloOgis6tic, n. (Med.) Any medicine or diet which tends to check inflammation.
An6tiOphon (?), n. [LL. antiphona, fr. Gr. ?. See Anthem.] 1. A musical response; alternate singing or chanting. See Antiphony, and Antiphone.
2. A verse said before and after the psalms. Shipley.
AnOtiph6oOnal (?), a. Of or pertaining to antiphony, or alternate singing; sung alternately by a divided choir or opposite choirs. Wheatly. P AnOtiph6oOnalOly, adv. AnOtiph6oOnal, n. A book of antiphons or anthems. AnOtiph6oOnaOry (?), n. [LL. antiphonarium. See Antiphoner.] A book containing a collection of antiphons; the book in which the antiphons of the breviary, with their musical notes, are contained.
An6tiOphone (?), n. (Mus.) The response which one side of the choir makes to the other in a chant; alternate chanting or signing.
AnOtiph6oOner (?), n. [F. antiphonaire. See Antiphon.] A book of antiphons.

An7tiOphon6ic (?), a. Antiphonal.
AnOtiph6oOny (?), n.; pl. Antiphonies (?). [See Antiphon.] 1. A musical response; also, antiphonal chanting or signing. 2. An anthem or psalm sung alternately by a choir or congregation divided into two parts. Also figuratively. O! never more for me shall winds intone, With all your tops, a vast antiphony.
R. Browning.
X AnOtiph6raOsis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to express by antithesis or negation.] (Rhet.) The use of words in a sense opposite to their proper meaning; as when a court of justice is called a court of vengeance.
An7tiOphras6tic (?), An7tiOphras6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to antiphrasis. P An7tiOphras6ticOalOly, adv. An7tiOphthis6ic (?), a. (Med.) Relieving or curing phthisis, or consumption. P n. A medicine for phthisis. An7tiOphys6icOal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + physical.] Contrary to nature; unnatural.
An7tiOphys6icOal, a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? to inflate.] (Med.) Relieving flatulence; carminative. An7tiOplas6tic (?), a. 1. Diminishing plasticity. 2. (Med.) Preventing or checking the process of healing, or granulation.
An7tiOpoOdag6ric (?), a. (Med.) Good against gout. P n. A medicine for gout.
AnOtip6oOdal (?), a. 1. Pertaining to the antipodes; situated on the opposite side of the globe. 2. Diametrically opposite. His antipodal shadow.8 Lowell.
An6tiOpode (?), n. One of the antipodes; anything exactly opposite.
In tale or history your beggar is ever the just antipode to your king.
5 The singular, antipode, is exceptional in formation, but has been used by good writers. Its regular English plural would be ?, the last syllable rhyming with abodes, and this pronunciation is sometimes heard. The plural form (originally a Latin word without a singular) is in common use, and is pronounced, after the English method of Latin, ?.
An7tiOpo6deOan (?), a. Pertaining to the antipodes, or the opposite side of the world; antipodal.
AnOtip6oOdes (?), n. [L. pl., fr. Gr. ? with the feet opposite, pl. ? ?; ? against + ?, ?, foot.] 1. Those who live on the side of the globe diametrically opposite. 2. The country of those who live on the opposite side of the globe.
3. Anything exactly opposite or contrary. Can there be a greater contrariety unto Christ’s judgment, a more perfect antipodes to all that hath hitherto been gospel?
An6tiOpole (?), n. The opposite pole; anything diametrically opposed.
Geo. Eliot.
An6tiOpope (?), n. One who is elected, or claims to be, pope in opposition to the pope canonically chosen; esp. applied to those popes who resided at Avignon during the Great Schism.
An7tipOsor6ic (?), a. (Med.) Of use in curing the itch. P n. An antipsoric remedy.
X An7tipOto6sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? against + ? a falling, a case, ? to fall.] (Gram.) The putting of one case for another.
An7tiOpu7treOfac6tive (?), An7tiOpuOtres6cent (?), } a. Counteracting, or preserving from, putrefaction; antiseptic. An7tiOpy6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ?, ?, pus.] (Med.) Checking or preventing suppuration. P n. An antipyic medicine.
X An7tiOpyOre6sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? against + ? to be feverish, fr. ? fire.] (Med.) The condition or state of being free from fever.
An7tiOpyOret6ic (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious in preventing or allaying fever. P n. A febrifuge.
An7tiOpy6rine (?), n. (Med.) An artificial alkaloid, believed to be efficient in abating fever. An7tiOpyOrot6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against burns or pyrosis. P n. Anything of use in preventing or healing burns or pyrosis.
An7tiOqua6riOan (?), a. [See Antiquary. Pertaining to antiquaries, or to antiquity; as, antiqua rian literature. An7tiOqua6riOan, n. 1. An antiquary.
2. A drawing paper of large size. See under Paper, n. An7tiOqua6riOanOism (?), n. Character of an antiquary; study or love of antiquities.
An7tiOqua6riOanOize (?), v. i. To act the part of an antiquary. [Colloq.]
An6tiOquaOry (?), a. [L. antiquarius, fr. antiquus ancient. See Antique.] Pertaining to antiquity. [R.] =Instructed by the antiquary times.8
An6tiOquaOry, n.; pl. Antiquaries (?). One devoted to the study of ancient times through their relics, as inscriptions, monuments, remains of ancient habitations, statues, coins, manuscripts, etc.; one who searches for and studies the relics of antiquity.
An6tiOquate (?), v. t. [L. antiquatus, p. p. of antiquare, fr. antiquus ancient.] To make old, or obsolete; to make antique; to make old in such a degree as to put out of use; hence, to make void, or abrogate.
Christianity might reasonably introduce new laws, and antiquate or abrogate old one.
Sir M. Hale.
An6tiOqua7ted (?), a. Grown old. Hence: Bygone; obsolete; out of use; oldPfashioned; as, an antiquated law. =Antiquated words.8
Old Janet, for so he understood his antiquated attendant was denominated.
Sir W. Scott.
Syn. – Ancient; old; antique; obsolete. See Ancient. An6tiOqua7tedOness, n. Quality of being antiquated. An6tiOquateOness (?), n. Antiquatedness. [Obs.] An7tiOqua6tion (?), n. [L. antiquatio, fr. antiquare.] The act of making antiquated, or the state of being antiquated. Beaumont.
AnOtique6 (?), a. [F., fr. L. antiquus old, ancient, equiv. to anticus, from ante before. Cf. Antic.] 1. Old; ancient; of genuine antiquity; as, an antique statue. In this sense it usually refers to the flourishing ages of Greece and Rome.
For the antique world excess and pride did hate. Spenser.

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2. Old, as respects the present age, or a modern period of time; of old fashion; antiquated; as, an antique robe. =Antique words.8
3. Made in imitation of antiquity; as, the antique style of Thomson’s =Castle of Indolence.8
4. Odd; fantastic. [In this sense, written antic.] Syn. – Ancient; antiquated; obsolete; antic; oldPfashioned; old. See Ancient.
AnOtique6 (?), n. [F. See Antique, a. ] In general, anything very old; but in a more limited sense, a relic or object of ancient art; collectively, the antique, the remains of ancient art, as busts, statues, paintings, and vases. Misshapen monuments and maimed antiques. Byron.
AnOtique6ly, adv. In an antique manner. AnOtique6ness, n. The quality of being antique; an appearance of ancient origin and workmanship. We may discover something venerable in the antiqueness of the work.
An6tiOquist (?), n. An antiquary; a collector of antiques. [R.]
AnOtiq7uiOta6riOan (?), n. An admirer of antiquity. [Used by Milton in a disparaging sense.] [Obs.]
AnOtiq6uiOty (?), n.; pl. Antiquities (?). [L. antiquitas, fr. antiquus: cf. F. antiquit. See Antique.] 1. The quality of being ancient; ancientness; great age; as, a statue of remarkable antiquity; a family of great antiquity. 2. Old age. [Obs.]
It not your voice broken?… and every part about you blasted with antiquity?
3. Ancient times; former ages; times long since past; as, Cicero was an eloquent orator of antiquity. 4. The ancients; the people of ancient times. That such pillars were raised by Seth all antiquity has ?vowed.
Sir W. Raleigh.
5. An old gentleman. [Obs.]
You are a shrewd antiquity, neighbor Clench. B. Jonson.
6. A relic or monument of ancient times; as, a coin, a statue, etc.; an ancient institution. [In this sense, usually in the plural.] =Heathen antiquities.8 Bacon.
An7tiOraOchit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against the rickets. An7tiOrent6er (?), n. One opposed to the payment of rent; esp. one of those who in 1840P47 resisted the collection of rents claimed by the patroons from the settlers on certain manorial lands in the State of New York. P An7tiOrent6ism (?), n.
An7tiOsab7baOta6riOan (?), n. (Eccl.) One of a sect which opposes the observance of the Christian Sabbath. An7tiOsac7erOdo6tal (?), a. Hostile to priests or the priesthood.
AnOtis6cians (?), X AnOtis6ciOi (?), } n. pl. [L. antiscii, Gr. ?, pl.; ? against + ? shadow.] The inhabitants of the earth, living on different sides of the equator, whose shadows at noon are cast in opposite directions. The inhabitants of the north and south temperate zones are always Antiscians.
Brande & C.
An7tiOscoOlet6ic (?), An7tiOscol6ic (?), } a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? a worm.] (Med.) Anthelmintic.
An7tiOscorObu6tic (?), a. (Med.) Counteracting scurvy. P n. A remedy for scurvy.
An7tiOscorObu6ticOal (?), a. (Med.) Antiscorbutic. An7tiOscrip6turOal (?), a. Opposed to, or not in accordance with, the Holy Scriptures.
An7tiOsep6alOous (?), a. [Pref. antiO + sepal.] (Bot.) Standing before a sepal, or calyx leaf.
An7tiOsep6tic (?), An7tiOsep6ticOal (?), } a. Counteracting or preventing putrefaction, or a putrescent tendency in the system; antiputrefactive.
w surgery, that system of surgical practice which insists upon a systematic use of antiseptics in the performance of operations and the dressing of wounds.
An7tiOsep6tic, n. A substance which prevents or retards putrefaction, or destroys, or protects from, putrefactive organisms; as, salt, carbolic acid, alcohol, cinchona. An7tiOsep6ticOalOly (?), adv. By means of antiseptics. An7tiOslav6erOy (?), a. Opposed to slavery. P n. Opposition to slavery.
An7tiOso6cial (?), a. Tending to interrupt or destroy social intercourse; averse to society, or hostile to its existence; as, antisocial principles.
An7tiOso6cialOist, n. One opposed to the doctrines and practices of socialists or socialism.
An7tiOso6lar (?), a. Opposite to the sun; P said of the point in the heavens 1800 distant from the sun. An7tiOspasOmod6ic (?), a. (Med.) Good against spasms. P n. A medicine which prevents or allays spasms or convulsions. An6tiOspast (?), n. [L. antispastus, Gr. ?, fr. ? to draw the contrary way; ? against + ? to draw.] (Pros.) A foot of four syllables, the first and fourth short, and the second and third long (?).
An7tiOspas6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?. See Antispast.] (Med.) (a) Believed to cause a revulsion of fluids or of humors from one part to another. [Obs.] (b) Counteracting spasms; antispasmodic. P n. An antispastic agent. An7tiOsplen6eOtic (?; see Splenetic, 277), a. Good as a remedy against disease of the spleen. P n. An ~ medicine. X AnOtis6troOphe (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn to the opposite side; ? against + ? to turn. See Strophe.] 1. In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus, exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from right to left. Hence: The lines of this part of the choral song.
It was customary, on some occasions, to dance round the altars whilst they sang the sacred hymns, which consisted of three stanzas or parts; the first of which, called strophe, was sung in turning from east to west; the other, named antistrophe, in returning from west to east; then they stood before the altar, and sang the epode, which was the last part of the song.
Abp. Potter.
2. (Rhet.) (a) The repetition of words in an inverse order; as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master. (b) The retort or turning of an adversary’s plea against him.
An7tiOstroph6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to an antistrophe.
X AnOtis6troOphon (?), n. [Gr. ? turned opposite ways.] (Rhet.) An argument retorted on an opponent. Milton.
An7tiOstru6mat6ic (?), a. (Med.) Antistrumous. P n. A medicine for scrofula.
An7tiOstru6mous (?), a. (Med.) Good against scrofulous disorders.
Johnson. Wiseman.
An7tiOsyph7iOlit6ic (?), a. (Med.) Efficacious against syphilis. P n. A medicine for syphilis.
An7tiOthe6ism (?), n. The doctrine of antitheists. P An7tiOtheOis6tic (?), a.
An7tiOthe6ist, n. A disbeliever in the existence of God. AnOtith6eOsis (?), n.; pl. Antitheses (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to set against, to oppose; ? against + ? to set. See Thesis.] 1. (Rhet.) An opposition or contrast of words or sentiments occurring in the same sentence; as, =The prodigal robs his heir; the miser robs himself.8 He had covertly shot at Cromwell; he how openly aimed at the Queen.8 2. The second of two clauses forming an ~. 3. Opposition; contrast.
An6tiOthet (?), n. [L. antitheton, fr. Gr. ?, ?, antithetic.] An antithetic or contrasted statement. Bacon.
An7tiOthet6ic (?), An7tiOthet6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to antithesis, or opposition of words and sentiments; containing, or of the nature of, antithesis; contrasted.
An7tiOthet6icOalOly, adv. By way antithesis. An7tiOtox6in , An7tiOtox6ine } (?), n. [Pref. antiO + toxin.] A substance (sometimes the product of a specific microPorganism and sometimes naturally present in the blood or tissues of an animal), capable of producing immunity from certain diseases, or of counteracting the poisonous effects of pathogenic bacteria.
An6tiPtrade7 (?), n. A tropical wind blowing steadily in a direction opposite to the trade wind.
X AnOtit6raOgus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?.] (Anat.) A prominence on the lower posterior portion of the concha of the external ear, opposite the tragus. See Ear. X An7tiOtroOchan6ter (?), n. (Anat.) An articular surface on the ilium of birds against which the great trochanter of the femur plays.
AnOtit6roOpal (?), AnOtit6roOpous (?), } a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? turn, ? to turn.] (Bot.) At the extremity most remote from the hilum, as the embryo, or inverted with respect to the seed, as the radicle.
An6tiOty7pal (?), a. Antitypical. [R.] An6tiOtype (?), n. [Gr. ? of corresponding form; ? against + ? type, figure. See Type.] That of which the type pattern or representation; that which is represented by the type or symbol.
An7tiOtyp6icOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to an antitype; explaining the type. P An7tiOtyp6icOalOly, adv. AnOtit6yOpous (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Resisting blows; hard. [Obs.] Cudworth.
AnOtit6yOpy (?), n. [Gr. ?.] Opposition or resistance of matter to force. [R.]
Sir W. Hamilton.
An7tiOvac7ciOna6tion (?), n. Opposition to vaccination. London Times.
An7tiOvac7ciOna6tionOist, n. An antivaccinist. An7tiOvac6ciOnist, n. One opposed to vaccination. An7tiOvaOri6oOlous (?), a. Preventing the contagion of smallpox.
An7tiOveOne6reOal (?), a. Good against venereal poison; antisyphilitic.
An7tiOviv7iOsec6tion (?), n. Opposition to vivisection. An7tiOviv7iOsec6tionOist, n. One opposed to vivisection An7tiOzym6ic (?), a. Preventing fermentation. An7tiOzyOmot6ic (?), a. (Med.) Preventing fermentation or decomposition. P n. An agent so used.
Ant6ler (?), n. [OE. auntelere, OF. antoillier, andoiller, endouiller, fr. F. andouiller, fr. an assumed LL. antocularis, fr. L. ante before + oculus eye. See Ocular.] (Zol.) The entire horn, or any branch of the horn, of a cervine animal, as of a stag.
Huge stags with sixteen antlers.
5 The branch next to the head is called the brow antler, and the branch next above, the bez antler, or bay antler. The main stem is the beam, and the branches are often called tynes. Antlers are deciduous bony (not horny) growths, and are covered with a periosteum while growing. See Velvet. w moth (Zol.), a destructive European moth (Cerapteryx graminis), which devastates grass lands. Ant6lered (?), a. Furnished with antlers. The antlered stag.
X Ant6liOa (?), n.; pl. Antil (?). [L., a pump, Gr. ? hold of a ship.] (Zol.) The spiral tubular proboscis of lepidopterous insects. See Lepidoptera.
Ant6Pli7on (?), n. (Zol.) A neuropterous insect, the larva of which makes in the sand a pitfall to capture ants, etc. The common American species is Myrmeleon obsoletus, the European is M. formicarius.
X AnOt?6ci (?), AnOt?6Ocians (?), n. pl. [NL. antoeci, fr. Gr. pl. ?; ? opposite + ? to live.] Those who live under the same meridian, but on opposite parallels of latitude, north and south of the equator.
X An7toOnoOma6siOa (?; 277), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to name instead; ? + ? to name, ? name.] (Rhet.) The use of some epithet or the name of some office, dignity, or the like, instead of the proper name of the person; as when his majesty is used for a king, or when, instead of Aristotle, we say, the philosopher; or, conversely, the use of a proper name instead of an appellative, as when a wise man is called a Solomon, or an eminent orator a Cicero. An7toOnoOmas6tic (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, antonomasia. P An7toOnoOmas6ticOalOly (?), adv. AnOton6oOmaOsy (?), n. Antonomasia.
An6toOnym (?), n. [Gr. ? a word used in substitution for another; ? + ?, ?, a word.] A word of opposite meaning; a counterterm; P used as a correlative of synonym. [R.] C. J. Smith.
AntOor6bitOal (?), a. [Pref. antiO + orbital.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated in, the region of the front of the orbit. P n. The ~ bone.
Ant7orOgas6tic (?), a. See Antiorgastic. AntOo6zone (?), n. [Pref. antiO + ozone.] (Chem.) A compound formerly supposed to be modification of oxygen, but now known to be hydrogen dioxide; P so called because apparently antagonistic to ozone, converting it into ordinary oxygen. An6tral (?), a. (Anat.) Relating to an antrum. An6tre (?), n. [F. antre, L. antrum, fr. Gr. ?.] A cavern. [Obs.]
AnOtrorse6 (?), a. [From L. ante + versun turned; apparently formed in imitation of re?rorse.] (Bot.) Forward or upward in direction.

An7troOvert6 (?), v. t. To bend forward. [R.] Owen.
X An6trum (?), n.; pl. Antra (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?.] A cavern or cavity, esp. an anatomical cavity or sinus.

X AnOtrus6tion (?), n. [F., fr. LL. antrustio.] A vassal or voluntary follower of Frankish princes in their enterprises. Ant6 thrush7 (?). (Zol.) (a) One of several species of tropical birds, of the Old World, of the genus Pitta, somewhat resembling the thrushes, and feeding chiefly on ants. (b) See Ant bird, under Ant.
X AOnu6bis (?), n. [L.] (Myth.) An Egyptian deity, the conductor of departed spirits, represented by a human figure with the head of a dog or fox.
X AOnu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? a tail.] (Zol.) One of the orders of amphibians characterized by the absence of a tail, as the frogs and toads. [Written also anoura.]
AOnu6rous (?), a. (Zol.) Destitute of a tail, as the frogs and toads, [Also written anourous.]
An6uOry (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? urine.] (Med.) Nonsecretion or defective secretion of urine; ischury. X A6nus (?), n. [L., prob. for asnus: cf. Gr. ? to sit, Skr. >s.] (Anat.) The posterior opening of the alimentary canal, through which the excrements are expelled. An6vil (?), n. [OE. anvelt, anfelt, anefelt, AS. anfilt, onfilt; of uncertain origin; cf. OHG. anafalz, D. aanbeld.] 1. An iron block, usually with a steel face, upon which metals are hammered and shaped.
2. Anything resembling an anvil in shape or use. Specifically (Anat.), the incus. See Incus. To be on the ~, to be in a state of discussion, formation, or preparation, as when a scheme or measure is forming, but not matured.
An6vil, v. t. To form or shape on an ~; to hammer out; as, anviled armor.
Beau. & Fl.
AnxOi6eOtude (?), n. [L. anxietudo.] The state of being anxious; anxiety. [R.]
AnxOi6eOty (?), n.; pl. Anxieties (?). [L. anxietas, fr. anxius: cf. F. anxit. See Anxious.]

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1. Concern or solicitude respecting some thing o??vent, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.
2. Eager desire.
J. D. Forbes
3. (Med.) A state of restlessness and agitation, often with general indisposition and a distressing sense of oppression at the epigastrium.
Syn. – Care; solicitude; foreboding; uneasiness; perplexity; disquietude; disquiet; trouble; apprehension; restlessness. See Care.
Anx6ious (?), a. [L. anxius, fr. angere to cause pain, choke; akin to Gr. ? to choke. See Anger.] 1. Full of anxiety or disquietude; greatly concerned or solicitous, esp. respecting future or unknown; being in painful suspense; P applied to persons; as, anxious for the issue of a battle.
2. Accompanied with, or causing, anxiety; worrying; P applied to things; as, anxious labor.
The sweet of life, from which
God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares. Milton.
3. Earnestly desirous; as, anxious to please. He sneers alike at those who are anxious to preserve and at those who are eager for reform.
Anxious is followed by for, about, concerning, etc., before the object of solicitude.
Syn. – Solicitous; careful; uneasy; unquiet; restless; concerned; disturbed; watchful.
Anx6iousOly, adv. In an anxious manner; with painful uncertainty; solicitously.
Anx6iousOness, n. The quality of being anxious; great solicitude; anxiety.
A6ny (?), a. & pron. [OE. ni?, ni, eni, ani, oni, AS. ?nig, fr. >n one. It is akin to OS. ?nig, OHG. einic, G. einig, D. eenig. See One.] 1. One indifferently, out of an indefinite number; one indefinitely, whosoever or whatsoever it may be.
5 Any is often used in denying or asserting without limitation; as, this thing ought not be done at any time; I ask any one to answer my question.
No man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son.
Matt. xi. 27.
2. Some, of whatever kind, quantity, or number; as, are there any witnesses present? are there any other houses like it? =Who will show us any good?8
Ps. iv. 6.
It is often used, either in the singular or the plural, as a pronoun, the person or thing being understood; anybody; anyone; (pl.) any persons.
If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God,… and it shall be given him.
Jas. i. 5.
That if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem. Acts ix. 2.
At any rate, In any case, whatever may be the state of affairs; anyhow.
A6ny, adv. To ~ extent; in ~ degree; at all. You are not to go loose any longer.
Before you go any farther.
A6nyObodOy (?), n. 1. Any one out of an indefinite number of persons; anyone; any person.
His Majesty could not keep any secret from anybody. Macaulay.
2. A person of consideration or standing. [Colloq.] All the men belonged exclusively to the mechanical and shopkeeping classes, and there was not a single banker or anybody in the list.
Lond. Sat. Rev.
A6nyOhow7 (?), adv. In any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event.
Anyhow, it must be acknowledged to be not a simple selforiginated error.
J. H. Newman.
Anyhow, the languages of the two nations were closely allied.
E. A. Freeman.
A6nyOone (?), n. One taken at random rather than by selection; anybody. [Commonly written as two words.] A6nyOthing (?), n. 1. Any object, act, state, event, or fact whatever; thing of any kind; something or other; aught; as, I would not do it for anything.
Did you ever know of anything so unlucky? A. Trollope.
They do not know that anything is amiss with them. W. G. Sumner.
2. Expressing an indefinite comparison; P with as or like. [Colloq. or Low]
I fear your girl will grow as proud as anything. Richardson.
5 Any thing, written as two words, is now commonly used in contradistinction to any person or anybody. Formerly it was also separated when used in the wider sense. =Necessity drove them to undertake any thing and venture any thing.8 De Foe.
w but, not at all or in any respect. =The battle was a rare one, and the victory anything but secure.8 Hawthorne. P w like, in any respect; at all; as, I can not give anything like a fair sketch of his trials.
A6nyOthing, adv. In any measure; anywise; at all. Mine old good will and hearty affection towards you is not… anything at all quailed.
Robynson (More’s Utopia).
A7nyOthingOa6riOan (?), n. One who holds to no particular creed or dogma.
A6nyOway (?), A6nyOways (?), } adv. Anywise; at all. Tennyson. Southey.
A6nyOwhere (?), adv. In any place.
A6nyOwhith7er (?), adv. To or towards any place. [Archaic] De Foe.
A6nyOwise (?), adv. In any wise or way; at all. =Anywise essential.8
AOo6niOan (?), a. [From Aonia, a part of ??otia, in Greece.] Pertaining to Aonia, B?otia, or to the Muses, who were supposed to dwell there.
w fount, the fountain of Aganippe, at the foot of Mount Helicon, not far from Thebes, and sacred to the Muses. A6oOrist (?), n. [Gr. ? indefinite; ? priv. + ? to define, ? boundary, limit.] (Gram.) A tense in the Greek language, which expresses an action as completed in past time, but leaves it, in other respects, wholly indeterminate. A7oOris6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Indefinite; pertaining to the aorist tense.
AOor6ta (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to lift, heave.] (Anat.) The great artery which carries the blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs; the main trunk of the arterial system.
5 In fishes and the early stages of all higher vertebrates the ~ divides near its origin into several branches (the aortic arches) which pass in pairs round the ?sophagus and unite to form the systemic ~. One or more pairs of these arches persist in amphibia and reptiles, but only one arch in birds and mammals, this being on the right side in the former, and on the left in the latter.
AOor6tal (?), a. Aortic; resembling the aorta. [R.] AOor6tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to the aorta. X A7orOti6tis (?), n. [Aorta + Oitis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the aorta.
X A6ouOdad (?), n. [The Moorish name.] (Zol.) An African sheeplike quadruped (the Ammotragus tragelaphus) having a long mane on the breast and fore legs. It is, perhaps, the chamois of the Old Testament.
AOpace6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + pace. OE. a pas at a walk, in which a is the article. See Pace.] With a quick pace; quick; fast; speedily.
His dewy locks did drop with brine apace. Spenser.
A visible triumph of the gospel draw? on apace. I. Taylor.
AOpa6ches (?), n. pl.; sing. Apache (?). (Ethnol.) A group of nomadic North American Indians including several tribes native of Arizona, New Mexico, etc.
Ap7aOgo6ge (?), n. [Gr. ? a leading away, fr. ? to lead away; ? from + ? to lead.] (Logic) An indirect argument which proves a thing by showing the impossibility or absurdity of the contrary.
Ap7aOgog6ic (?), Ap7aOgog6icOal (?), } a. Proving indirectly, by showing the absurdity, or impossibility of the contrary.
Bp. Berkeley.
AOpaid6 (?), a. Paid; pleased. [Obs.] Chaucer.
AOpair6 (?), v. t. & i. To impair or become impaired; to injure. [Obs.]

Ap7aOla6chiOan , a. See Appalachian.
Ap6anOage , n. Same as Appanage.
AOpan6throOpy (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? man.] An aversion to the company of men; a love of solitude. X A6par (?), A6paOra (?), n. [Native name apara.] (Zol.) See Mataco.
X A7paOre6jo (?), n. [Sp.] A kind of pack saddle used in the American military service and among the Spanish Americans. It is made of leather stuffed with hay, moss, or the like. X Ap7aOrith6meOsis (?; 277), n. [Gr. ?, from ? to count off or over.] (Rhet.) Enumeration of parts or particulars. AOpart6 (?), adv. [F. part; (L. ad) + part part. See Part.] 1. Separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside.
Others apart sat on a hill retired. Milton.
The Lord hath set apart him that is godly for himself. Ps. iv. 3.
2. In a state of separation, of exclusion, or of distinction, as to purpose, use, or character, or as a matter of thought; separately; independently; as, consider the two propositions apart.
3. Aside; away. =Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness.8
Jas. i. 21.
Let Pleasure go, put Care apart.
4. In two or more parts; asunder; to piece; as, to take a piece of machinery apart.
AOpart6ment (?), n. [F. appartement; cf. It. appartamento, fr. appartare to separate, set apart; all fr. L. ad + pars, partis, part. See Apart.] 1. A room in a building; a division in a house, separated from others by partitions. Fielding.
2. A set or suite of rooms.
De Quincey.
3. A compartment. [Obs.]
AOpart6ness (?), n. The quality of standing apart. X ApOas6tron (?), n. [Gr. ? from + ? star.] (Astron.) That point in the orbit of a double star where the smaller star is farthest from its primary.
Ap7aOthet6ic (?), Ap7aOthet6icOal (?) a. [See Apathy.] Void of feeling; not susceptible of deep emotion; passionless; indifferent.
Ap7aOthet6icOalOly, adv. In an apathetic manner. Ap6aOthist (?), n. [Cf. F. apathiste.] One who is destitute of feeling.
Ap7aOthis6ticOal (?), a. Apathetic; une motional. [R.] Ap6aOthy (?), n.; pl. Apathies (?). [L. apathia, Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?, fr. ?, ?, to suffer: cf. F. apathie. See Pathos.] Want of feeling; privation of passion, emotion, or excitement; dispassion; P applied either to the body or the mind. As applied to the mind, it is a calmness, indolence, or state of indifference, incapable of being ruffled or roused to active interest or exertion by pleasure, pain, or passion. =The apathy of despair.8
A certain apathy or sluggishness in his nature which led him… to leave events to take their own course. Prescott.
According to the Stoics, apathy meant the extinction of the passions by the ascendency of reason.
5 In the first ages of the church, the Christians adopted the term to express a contempt of earthly concerns. Syn. – Insensibility; unfeelingness; indifference; unconcern; stoicism; supineness; sluggishness. Ap6aOtite (?), n. [Gr. ? deceit, fr. ? to deceive; it having been often mistaken for other minerals.] (Min.) Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in sixPsided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent. A7pau7m6 (?), n. See Appaum?.
Ape (?), n. [AS. apa; akin to D. aap, OHG. affo, G. affe, Icel. api, Sw. apa, Dan. abe, W. epa.] 1. (Zol.) A quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiad, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a tail nor cheek pouches. The name is applied esp. to species of the genus Hylobates, and is sometimes used as a general term for all Quadrumana. The higher forms, the gorilla, chimpanzee, and ourang, are often called anthropoid apes or man apes.
5 The ape of the Old Testament was prqobably the rhesus monkey of India, and allied forms.
2. One who imitates servilely (in allusion to the manners of the ape); a mimic.
3. A dupe. [Obs.]

Ape, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aped ; p. pr. & vb. n. Aping.] To mimic, as an ape imitates human actions; to imitate or follow servilely or irrationally. =How he apes his sire.8 Addison.
The people of England will not ape the fashions they have never tried.
AOpeak6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + peak. Cf. F. pic vertically.] (Naut.) In a vertical line. The anchor in apeak, when the cable has been sufficiently hove in to bring the ship over it, and the ship is them said to be hove apeak. [Spelt also a?eek.]
Ape6hood (?), n. The state of being an ape. AOpel6lous (?), a. [Pref. aO not + L. pellis skin.] Destitute of skin.
Brande & C.
Ap6enOnine (?), a. [L. Apenninus, fr. Celtic pen, or ben, peak, mountain.] Of, pertaining to, or designating, the Apennines, a chain of mountains extending through Italy. AOpep6sy (?), n. [NL. apepsia, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? uncooked, undigested; ? priv. + ? cooked, ? to cook, digest.] (Med.) Defective digestion, indigestion.
Ap6er (?), n. One who apes.
X AOpe6reOa (?), n. [Native name.] (Zol.) The wild Guinea pig of Brazil (Cavia aperea).
AOpe6riOent (?), a. [L. aperiens, p. pr. of aperire to uncover, open; ab + parire, parere, to bring forth, produce. Cf. Cover, Overt.] (Med.) Gently opening the bowels; laxative. P n. An aperient medicine or food. Arbuthnot.
AOper6iOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. apritif, fr. L. aperire.] Serving to open; aperient.
AOpert6 (?), a. [OF. apert, L. apertus, p. p. of aperire. See Aperient, and cf. Pert, a.] Open; ev?dent; undisguised. [Archaic]
AOpert6, adv. Openly. [Obs.]
AOper6tion (?), n. [L. apertio.] The act of opening; an opening; an aperture. [Archaic]
AOpert6ly, adv. Openly; clearly. [Archaic] AOpert6ness, n. Openness; frankness. [Archaic] Ap6erOture (?; 135), n. [L. apertura, fr. aperire. See Aperient.] 1. The act of opening. [Obs.] 2. An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall. An aperture between the mountains.
The back aperture of the nostrils.
3. (Opt.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of fourPinch aperture.
5 The aperture of microscopes is often expressed in degrees, called also the angular aperture, which signifies the angular breadth of the pencil of light which the instrument transmits from the object or point viewed; as, a microscope of 1000 aperture.
Ap6erOy (?), n.; pl. Aperies . 1. A place where apes are kept. [R.]
2. The practice of aping; an apish action. Coleridge.

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AOpet6alOous (?), a. [Pref. aO not + petal.] (Bot.) Having no petals, or flower leaves. [See Illust. under Anther. AOpet6alOousOness, n. The state of being apetalous. A6pex (?), n.; pl. E. Apexes (?); L. Apices (?). [L.] 1. The tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; as, the apex of a mountain, spire, or cone; the apex, or tip, of a leaf. 2. (Mining) The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface. [U.S.]
w of the earth’s motion (Astron.), that point of the heavens toward which the earth is moving in its orbit. X AOphr6eOsis (?; 277), n. [L.] Same as Apheresis. X AOpha6kiOa (?), n. [NL.; Gr. ? priv. + ? seed of a lentil.] (Med.) An anomalous state of refraction caused by the absence of the crystalline lens, as after operations for cataract. The remedy is the use of powerful convex lenses. Dunglison.
AOpha6kiOal (?), a. (Med.) Pertaining to aphakia; as, aphakial eyes.
X Aph7aOnip6teOra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? invisible (? priv. + ? to appear) + ? a wing.] (Zol.) A group of wingless insects, of which the flea in the type. See Flea. Aph7aOnip6terOous (?), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Aphaniptera.
Aph6aOnite (?), n. [Gr. ? invisible; ? priv. + ? to appear.] (Min.) A very compact, darkPcolored ?ock, consisting of hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them in perceptible grains.
Aph7aOnit6ic (?), a. (Min.) Resembling aphanite; having a very finePgrained structure.
X AOpha6siOa (?), Aph6aOsy (?), } n. [NL. aphasia, Gr. ?, fr. ? not spoken; ? priv. + ? to speak: cf. F. aphasie.] (Med.) Loss of the power of speech, or of the appropriate use of words, the vocal organs remaining intact, and the intelligence being preserved. It is dependent on injury or disease of the brain.
AOpha6sic (?), a. Pertaining to, or affected by, aphasia; speechless.
AOphel6ion (?; 277), n.; pl. Aphelia (?). [Gr. ? + ? sun.] (Astron.) That point of a planet’s or comet’s orbit which is most distant from the sun, the opposite point being the perihelion.
AOphe7liOoOtrop6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? sun + ? belonging to a turning.] Turning away from the sun; P said of leaves, etc. Darwin.
AOphe7liOot6roOpism (?), n. The habit of bending from the sunlight; P said of certain plants.
X AOphe6miOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? voice.] (Med.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; P a disorder of cerebral origin. AOpher6eOsis (?; 277), n. [L. aphaeresis, Gr. ?, fr. ? to take away; ? + ? to take.] 1. (Gram.) The dropping of a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; e. g., cute for acute.
2. (Surg.) An operation by which any part is separated from the rest. [Obs.]
X Aph6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? a letting go; ? + ? to let go.] The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; P the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.
New Eng. Dict.
AOphet6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? letting go, fr. ? to let go.] Shortened by dropping a letter or a syllable from the beginning of a word; as, an aphetic word or form. P AOphet6icOalOly, adv.
New Eng. Dict.
Aph6eOtism (?), n. An aphetized form of a word. New Eng. Dict.
Aph6eOtize (?), v. t. To shorten by aphesis. These words… have been aphetized.
New Eng. Dict.
A6phid (?), n. (Zol.) One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian. Aph6iOdes (?), n. pl. (Zol.) See Aphis. AOphid6iOan (?), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the family Aphid. P n. One of the aphides; an aphid. Aph7iOdiv6oOrous (?)(?). [Aphis + L. vorare to devour.] (Zol.) Devouring aphides; aphidophagous. Aph7iOdoph6aOgous (?), a. [Aphis + Gr. ? to eat.] (Zol.) Feeding upon aphides, or plant lice, as do beetles of the family Coccinellid.
Aph7iOlan6throOpy (?), n. [Gr. ? not loving man; ? priv. + ? to love + ? man.] Want of love to mankind; P the opposite of philanthropy.
X A6phis (?), n.; pl. Aphides (?). [NL.] (Zol.) A genus of insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphid, including numerous species known as plant lice and green flies.
5 Besides the true males and females, there is a race of wingless asexual individuals which have the power of producing living young in rapid succession, and these in turn may produce others of the same kind for several generations, before sexual individuals appear. They suck the sap of plants by means of a tubular proboscis, and owing to the wonderful rapidity of their reproduction become very destructive to vegetation. Many of the Aphid excrete honeydew from two tubes near the end of the body. A6phis li6on (?). (Zol.) The larva of the lacewinged flies (Chrysopa), which feeds voraciously upon aphids. The name is also applied to the larv of the ladybugs (Coccinella). Aph7loOgis6Otic (?), a. [Gr. ? not inflammable; ? priv. + ? set on fire. See Phlogiston.] Flameless; as, an aphlogistic lamp, in which a coil of wire is kept in a state of continued ignition by alcohol, without flame. X AOpho6niOa (?), Aph6oOny (?), } n. [NL. aphonia, Gr. ?, fr. ? voiceless; ? priv. + ? voice: cf. F. aphonie.] (Med.) Loss of voice or vocal utterance.
AOphon6ic (?), Aph6oOnous (?), } a. Without voice; voiceless; nonvocal.
Aph6oOrism (?), n. [F. aphorisme, fr. Gr. ? definition, a short, pithy sentence, fr. ? to mark off by boundaries, to define; ? from + ? to separate, part. See Horizon.] A comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters.
The first aphorism of Hippocrates is, =Life is short, and the art is long.8
Syn. – Axiom; maxim; adage; proverb; apothegm; saying; saw; truism; dictum. See Axiom.
Aph7oOrisOmat6ic (?), Aph7oOris6mic (?), } a. Pertaining to aphorisms, or having the form of an aphorism. Aph7oOris6mer (?)(?) n. A dealer in aphorisms. [Used in derogation or contempt.]
Aph6oOrist, n. A writer or utterer of aphorisms. Aph7oOris6tic (?)(?), Aph7oOris6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.] In the form of, or of the nature of, an aphorism; in the form of short, unconnected sentences; as, an aphoristic style. The method of the book is aphoristic.
De Quincey.
Aph7oOris6ticOalOly, adv. In the form or manner of aphorisms; pithily.
Aph6oOrize (?), v. i. To make aphorisms. Aph6rite (?), n. (Min.) See under Calcite. Aph7roOdis6iOac (?), Aph7roOdiOsi6aOcal (?), } a. [Gr. ? pertaining to sensual love, fr. ?. See Aphrodite.] Exciting venereal desire; provocative to venery.
Aph7roOdis6iOac, n. That which (as a drug, or some kinds of food) excites to venery.
Aph7roOdis6iOan (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to Aphrodite or Venus. =Aphrodisian dames8 [that is, courtesans]. C. Reade.
X Aph7roOdi6te (?), n. [Gr. ?.] 1. (Classic Myth.) The Greek goddess of love, corresponding to the Venus of the Romans. 2. (Zol.) A large marine annelid, covered with long, lustrous, golden, hairlike set; the sea mouse. 3. (Zol.) A beautiful butterfly (Argunnis Aphrodite) of the United States.
Aph7roOdit6ic (?), a. Venereal. [R.] Dunglison.
X Aph6tha (?), n. [Sing. of Aphth.] (Med.) (a) One of the whitish specks called aphth. (b) The disease, also called thrush.
X Aph6th (?), n. pl. [L., fr. Gr. ? (mostly in pl. ?,