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declaring themselves for the king.
2. (Logic) Capable of two meanings. An amphibolous sentence is one that is capable of two meanings, not from the double sense of any of the words, but from its admitting of a double construction; e. g., =The duke yet lives that Henry shall depose.8 Whately.
AmOphib6oOly (?), n.; pl. Amphibolies (?). [L. amphibolia, Gr. ?: cf. OE. amphibolie. See Amphibolous.] Ambiguous discourse; amphibology.
If it oracle contrary to our interest or humor, we will create an amphiboly, a double meaning where there is none. Whitlock.
Am6phiObranch (?), n. [L. ?, Gr. ? short at both ends; ? + ? short.] (Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the middle one long, the first and last short (? P ?); as, h?b?r?. In modern prosody the accented syllable takes the place of the long and the unaccented of the short; as, proPphet6ic. { Am7phiOcar6pic (?), Am7phiOcar6pous (?),} a. [Gr. ? + ? fruit.] (Bot.) Producing fruit of two kinds, either as to form or time of ripening.
Am7phiOchro6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? color.] (Chem.) Exhibiting or producing two colors, as substances which in the color test may change red litmus to blue and blue litmus to red. { Am7phiOc?6liOan (?), Am7phiOc?6lous (?),} a. [Gr. ? hollowed all round; ? + ? hollow.] (Zol.) Having both ends concave; biconcave; P said of vertebr.
Am6phiOcome (?), n. [Gr. ? with hair all round; ? + ? hair.] A kind of figured stone, rugged and beset with eminences, anciently used in divination. [Obs.]
Encyc. Brit.
AmOphic7tyOon6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to the Amphictyons or their League or Council; as, an Amphictyonic town or state; the Amphictyonic body.
W. Smith.
AmOphic6tyOons (?), n. pl. [L. Amphictyones, Gr. ?. Prob. the word was orig. ? dwellers around, neighbors.] (Grecian Hist.) Deputies from the confederated states of ancient Greece to a congress or council. They considered both political and religious matters.
AmOphic6tyOoOny (?), n.; pl. Amphictyonies (?). [Gr. ?.] (Grecian Hist.) A league of states of ancient Greece; esp. the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of Greece.
Am6phid (?), n. [Gr. ? both: cf. F. amphide.] (Chem.) A salt of the class formed by the combination of an acid and a base, or by the union of two oxides, two sulphides, selenides, or tellurides, as distinguished from a haloid compound. [R.]
Am6phiOdisc (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? a round plate.] (Zol.) A peculiar small siliceous spicule having a denticulated wheel at each end; P found in freshwater sponges. Am7phiOdrom6icOal (?), a. [Gr. ? running about or around.] Pertaining to an Attic festival at the naming of a child; P so called because the friends of the parents carried the child around the hearth and then named it. AmOphig6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? marriage.] (Bot.) Having a structure entirely cellular, and no distinct sexual organs; P a term applied by De Candolle to the lowest order of plants.
Am7phiOge6an (?), a. [Gr. ? + ?, ?, the earth.] Extending over all the zones, from the tropics to the polar zones inclusive.
Am6phiOgen (?), n. [Gr. ? + Pgen: cf. F. amphig ne.] (Chem.)
An element that in combination produces amphid salt; P applied by Berzelius to oxygen, sulphur, selenium, and tellurium. [R.]
Am6phiOgene (?), n. (Min.) Leucite. Am7phiOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? generation.] (Biol.) Sexual generation; amphigony.
AmOphig6eOnous (?), a. (Bot.) Increasing in size by growth on all sides, as the lichens.
Am7phiOgon6ic (?), a. Pertaining to amphigony; sexual; as, amphigonic propagation. [R.]
AmOphig6oOnous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? a begetting.] Relating to both parents. [R.]
AmOphig6oOny (?), n. Sexual propagation. [R.] Am7phiOgor6ic (?), a. [See Amphigory.] Nonsensical; absurd; pertaining to an amphigory.
Am6phiOgoOry (?), n. [F. amphigouri, of uncertain derivation; perh. fr. Gr. ? + ? a circle.] A nonsense verse; a rigmarole, with apparent meaning, which on further attention proves to be meaningless. [Written also amphigouri.]
{ AmOphil6oOgism (?), AmOphil6oOgy (?),} n. [Gr. ? + Plogy.] Ambiguity of speech; equivocation. [R.]
AmOphim6aOcer (?), n. [L. amphimacru?, Gr. ?; ? on both sides + ? long.] (Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the middle one short and the others long, as in c>st?t>s. Andrews.
X Am7phiOneu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. ? + ? sinew, nerve.] (Zol.) A division of Mollusca remarkable for the bilateral symmetry of the organs and the arrangement of the nerves. X Am7phiOox6us (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? sharp.] (Zol.) A fishlike creature (Amphioxus lanceolatus), two or three inches long, found in temperature seas; P also called the lancelet. Its body is pointed at both ends. It is the lowest and most generalized of the vertebrates, having neither brain, skull, vertebr, nor red blood. It forms the type of the group Acrania, Leptocardia, etc.
AmOphip6neust (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? one who breathes, ? to breathe.] (Zol.) One of a tribe of Amphibia, which have both lungs and gills at the same time, as the proteus and siren.
Am6phiOpod (?), n. (Zol.) One of the Amphipoda. { Am6phiOpod (?), AmOphip6oOdan (?),} a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Amphipoda.
X AmOphip6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., FR. Gr. ? + ?, ? foot.] (Zol.) A numerous group of fourteen P footed Crustacea, inhabiting both fresh and salt water. The body is usually compressed laterally, and the anterior pairs or legs are directed downward and forward, but the posterior legs are usually turned upward and backward. The beach flea is an example. See Tetradecapoda and Arthrostraca. AmOphip6oOdous (?), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Amphipoda.
AmOphip6roOstyle (?), a. [L. amphiprostylos, Gr. ? having a double prostyle: cf. F. amphiprostyle. See Prostyle.] (Arch.) Doubly prostyle; having columns at each end, but not at the sides. P n. An amphiprostyle temple or edifice. X Am7phiOrhi6na (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ?, ?, nose.] (Zol.) A name applied to the elasmobranch fishes, because the nasal sac is double.
X Am7phisOb6na (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? on both ends + ? to go.] 1. A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving either way.
2. (Zol.) A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form, without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either way. See Illustration in Appendix.
5 The Gordius aquaticus, or hairworm, has been called an amphisbna; but it belongs among the worms. X Am7phisOb6noid (?), a. [NL., fr. L. amphisbaena + Poid.] (Zol.) Like or pertaining to the lizards of the genus Amphisbna.
{ X AmOphis6ciOi (?), AmOphis6cians (?),} n. pl. [Gr. ? throwing a shadow both ways; ? + ? shadow.] The inhabitants of the tropic, whose shadows in one part of the year are cast to the north, and in the order to the south, according as the sun is south or north of their zenith. AmOphis6toOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? mouth.] (Zol.) Having a sucker at each extremity, as certain entozoa, by means of which they adhere.
Am7phiOsty6lic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? pillar, support.] (Anat.) Having the mandibular arch articulated with the hyoid arch and the cranium, as in the cestraciont sharks; P said of a skull.
{ Am7phiOthe6aOter, Am7phiOthe6aOtre,} (?), n. [L. amphitheatrum, fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? theater: cf. F. amphithtre. See Theater.] 1. An oval or circular building with rising tiers of seats about an open space called the arena.
5 The Romans first constructed amphitheaters for combats of gladiators and wild beasts.
2. Anything resembling an amphitheater in form; as, a level surrounded by rising slopes or hills, or a rising gallery in a theater.
Am7phiOthe6aOtral (?), a. [L. amphitheatralis: cf. F. amphithtral.] Amphitheatrical; resembling an amphitheater. { Am7phiOtheOat6ric (?), Am7phiOtheOat6ricOal (?),} a. [L. amphitheatricus.] Of, pertaining to, exhibited in, or resembling, an amphitheater.
Am7phiOtheOat6ricOalOly, adv. In the form or manner of an amphitheater.
X AmOphit6roOcha (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? a wheel.] (Zol.) A kind of annelid larva having both a dorsal and a ventral circle of special cilia.
{ AmOphit6roOpal (?), AmOphit6roOpous (?),} a. [Gr. ? + ? to turn.] (Bot.) Having the

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ovule inverted, but with the attachment near the middle of one side; half anatropous.
X Am7phiOu6ma (?), n. (Zol.) A genus of amphibians, inhabiting the Southern United States, having a serpentlike form, but with four minute limbs and two persistent gill openings; the Congo snake.
Am7phoOpep6tone (?), n. [Gr. ? + E. peptone.] (Physiol.) A product of gastric digestion, a mixture of hemipeptone and antipeptone.
X Am6phoOra (?), n.; pl. Amophor (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?, ?, a jar with two handles; ? + ? bearer, ? to bear. Cf. Ampul.] Among the ancients, a twoPhandled vessel, tapering at the bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc. Am6phoOral (?), a. [L. amphoralis.] Pertaining to, or resembling, an amphora.
AmOphor6ic (?), a. (Med.) Produced by, or indicating, a cavity in the lungs, not filled, and giving a sound like that produced by blowing into an empty decanter; as, amphoric respiration or resonance.
Am7phoOter6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? both.] Partly one and partly the other; neither acid nor alkaline; neutral. [R.] Smart.
Am6ple (?), a. [F. ample, L. amplus, prob. for ambiplus full on both sides, the last syllable akin to L. plenus full. See Full, and cf. Double.] Large; great in size, extent, capacity, or bulk; spacious; roomy; widely extended. All the people in that ample house
Did to that image bow their humble knees. Spenser.
2. Fully sufficient; abundant; liberal; copious; as, an ample fortune; ample justice.
3. Not contracted of brief; not concise; extended; diffusive; as, an ample narrative.
Syn. – Full; spacious; extensive; wide; capacious; abundant; plentiful; plenteous; copious; bountiful; rich; liberal; munificent. P Ample, Copious, Abundant, Plenteous. These words agree in representing a thing as large, but under different relations, according to the image which is used. Ample implies largeness, producing a sufficiency or fullness of supply for every want; as, ample stores or resources, ample provision. Copious carries with it the idea of flow, or of collection at a single point; as, a copious supply of materials. =Copious matter of my song.8 Milton. Abundant and plenteous refer to largeness of quantity; as, abundant stores; plenteous harvests.
AmOplec6tant (?), a. [L. amplecti to embrace.] (Bot.) Clasping a support; as, amplectant tendrils. Gray.
Am6pleOness (?), n. The state or quality of being ample; largeness; fullness; completeness.
Am7plexOa6tion (?), n. [L. amplexari to embrace.] An embrace. [Obs.]
An humble amplexation of those sacred feet. Bp. Hall.
AmOplex6iOcaul (?), a. [L. amplexus, p. p. of amplecti to encircle, to embrace + caulis stem: cf. F. amplexicaule.] (Bot.) Clasping or embracing a stem, as the base of some leaves.
Am6pliOate (?), v. t. [L. ampliatus, p. p. of ampliare to make wider, fr. amplus. See Ample.] To enlarge. [R.] To maintain and ampliate the external possessions of your empire.
Am6pliOate (?), a. (Zol.) Having the outer edge prominent; said of the wings of insects.
Am7pliOa6tion (?), n. [L. ampliatio: cf. F. ampliation.] 1. Enlargement; amplification. [R.]
2. (Civil Law) A postponement of the decision of a cause, for further consideration or rePargument. Am6pliOaOtive (?), a. (Logic) Enlarging a conception by adding to that which is already known or received. =All bodies possess power of attraction8 is an ampliative judgment; because we can think of bodies without thinking of attraction as one of their immediate primary attribute. Abp. W. Thomson.
AmOplif6iOcate (?), v. t. [L. amplificatus, p. p. of amplificare.] To amplify. [Obs.]
Am7pliOfiOca6tion (?), n. [L. amplificatio.] 1. The act of amplifying or enlarging in dimensions; enlargement; extension.
2. (Rhet.) The enlarging of a simple statement by particularity of description, the use of epithets, etc., for rhetorical effect; diffuse narrative or description, or a dilating upon all the particulars of a subject. Exaggeration is a species of amplification. Brande & C.
I shall summarily, without any amplification at all, show in what manner defects have been supplied.
Sir J. Davies.
3. The matter by which a statement is amplified; as, the subject was presented without amplifications. AmOplif6iOcaOtive (?), a. Amplificatory. AmOplif6iOcaOtoOry (?), a. Serving to amplify or enlarge; amplificative.
Am6pliOfi7er (?), n. One who or that which amplifies. Am6pliOfy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amplified (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Amplifying.] [F. amplifier, L. amplificare. See Ample, Ofy.] 1. To render larger, more extended, or more intense, and the like; P used especially of telescopes, microscopes, etc.
2. (Rhet.) To enlarge by addition or discussion; to treat copiously by adding particulars, illustrations, etc.; to expand; to make much of.
Troilus and Cressida was written by a Lombard author, but much amplified by our English translator. Dryden.
Am6pliOfy (?), v. i. 1. To become larger. [Obs.] Strait was the way at first, withouten light, But further in did further amplify.
2. To speak largely or copiously; to be diffuse in argument or description; to dilate; to expatiate; P often with on or upon.
He must often enlarge and amplify upon the subject he handles.
Am6pliOtude (?), n. [L. amplitudo, fr. amplus: cf. F. amplitude. See Ample.] 1. State of being ample; extent of surface or space; largeness of dimensions; size. The cathedral of Lincoln… is a magnificent structure, proportionable to the amplitude of the diocese. Fuller.
2. Largeness, in a figurative sense; breadth; abundance; fullness. (a) Of extent of capacity or intellectual powers. =Amplitude of mind.8 Milton. =Amplitude of comprehension.8 Macaulay. (b) Of extent of means or resources. =Amplitude of reward.8 Bacon.
3. (Astron.) (a) The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the center of the sun, or a star, at its rising or setting. At the rising, the ~ is eastern or ortive: at the setting, it is western, occiduous, or occasive. It is also northern or southern, when north or south of the equator. (b) The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the foot of the vertical circle passing through any star or object.
4. (Gun.) The horizontal line which measures the distance to which a projectile is thrown; the range. 5. (Physics) The extent of a movement measured from the starting point or position of equilibrium; P applied especially to vibratory movements.
6. (math.) An angle upon which the value of some function depends; P a term used more especially in connection with elliptic functions.
Magnetic ~, the angular distance of a heavenly body, when on the horizon, from the magnetic east or west point as indicated by the compass. The difference between the magnetic and the true or astronomical ~ (see 3 above) is the =variation of the compass.8
Am6ply (?), adv. In an ample manner. Am6pul (?), n. [AS. ampella, ampolla, L. ampulla: cf. OF. ampolle, F. ampoule.] Same as Ampulla, 2. X AmOpul6la, n.; pl. Ampull (?). [L. ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A narrowPnecked vessel having two handles and bellying out like a jug.
2. (Eccl.) (a) A cruet for the wine and water at Mass. (b) The vase in which the holy oil for chrism, unction, or coronation is kept.
3. (Biol.) Any membranous bag shaped like a leathern bottle, as the dilated end of a vessel or duct; especially the dilations of the semicircular canals of the ear. Am7pulOla6ceous (?), a. [L. ampullaceus, fr. ampulla.] Like a bottle or inflated bladder; bottleOshaped; swelling. Kirby.
w sac (Zol.), one of the peculiar cavities in the tissues of sponges, containing the zooidal cells. { Am6pulOlar (?), Am7pulOlaOry (?), } a. Resembling an ampulla.
{ Am6pulOlate (?), Am6pulOla7ted (?) } a. Having an ampulla; flaskPshaped; bellied.
AmOpul6liOform (?), a. [Ampulla + Oform.] FlaskOshaped; dilated.
Am6puOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amputated; p. pr. & vb. n. Amputating.] [L. amputatus, p. p. of amputare: ambO + putare to prune, putus clean, akin to E. pure. See Putative.] 1. To prune or lop off, as branches or tendrils. 2. (Surg.) To cut off (a limb or projecting part of the body).
Am7puOta6tion (?), n. [L. amputatio: cf. F. amputation.] The act amputating; esp. the operation of cutting of a limb or projecting part of the body.
Am6puOta6tor (?), n. One who amputates. X Am6pyx (?), n. [Gr. ?.] (Greek Antiq.) A woman’s headband (sometimes of metal), for binding the front hair. X AmOri6ta (?), n. [Skr. amrita.] (Hind. Myth.) Immorality; also, the nectar conferring immortality. P a. Ambrosial; immortal.
Am6sel, Am6zel (?), n. [Ger. See Ousel.] (Zol.) The European ring ousel (Turdus torquatus).
AOmuck6 (?), a. & adv. [Malay amoq furious.] In a frenzied and reckless.
To run ~, to rush out in a state of frenzy, as the Malays sometimes do under the influence of =bhang,8 and attack every one that comes in the way; to assail recklessly and indiscriminately.
Satire’s my weapon, but I’m too discreet To run amuck, and tilt at all I meet.
Am6uOlet (?), n. [L. amuletum: cf. F. amulette.] An ornament, gem, or scroll, or a package containing a relic, etc., worn as a charm or preservative against evils or mischief, such as diseases and witchcraft, and generally inscribed with mystic forms or characters. [Also used figuratively.]
Am7uOlet6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to an amulet; operating as a charm.
AOmur6cous (?), a. [LL. amurcous, L. amurca the dregs of olives, Gr. ?, fr. ? to pluck.] Full off dregs; foul. [R.] Knowles.
AOmus6aOble (?), a. [Cf. F. amusable.] Capable of being amused.
AOmuse6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amused (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Amusing.] [F. amuser to make stay, to detain, to ~, ? (L. ad) + OF. muser. See Muse, v.] 1. To occupy or engage the attention of; to lose in deep thought; to absorb; also, to distract; to bewilder. [Obs.]
Camillus set upon the Gauls when they were amused in receiving their gold.
Being amused with grief, fear, and fright, he could not find the house.
2. To entertain or occupy in a pleasant manner; to stir with pleasing or mirthful emotions; to divert. A group children amusing themselves with pushing stones from the top [of the cliff], and watching as they plunged into the lake.
3. To keep in extraction; to beguile; to delude. He amused his followers with idle promises. Johnson.
Syn. – To entertain; gratify; please; divert; beguile; deceive; occupy. P To Amuse, Divert, Entertain. We are amused by that which occupies us lightly and pleasantly. We are entertained by that which brings our minds into agreeable contact with others, as conversation, or a book. We are diverted by that which turns off our thoughts to something of livelier interest, especially of a sportive nature, as a humorous story, or a laughable incident. Whatever amuses serves to kill time, to lull the faculties, and to banish reflection. Whatever entertains usually a wakens the understanding or gratifies the fancy. Whatever diverts is lively in its nature, and sometimes tumultuous in its effects.
AOmuse6, v. i. To muse; to mediate. [Obs.] AOmused6 (?), a. 1. Diverted.
2. Expressing amusement; as, an amused look. AOmuse6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. amusement.] 1. Deep thought; muse. [Obs.]
Here I… fell into a strong and deep amusement, revolving in my mind, with great perplexity, the amazing change of our affairs.
2. The state of being amused; pleasurable excitement; that which amuses; diversion.
His favorite amusements were architecture and gardening. Macaulay.
Syn. – Diversion; entertainment; recreation; relaxation; pastime; sport.
AOmus6er (?), n. One who amuses.
X Am7uOsette6 (?), n. [F.] A light field cannon, or stocked gun mounted on a swivel.
AOmus6ing (?), a. Giving amusement; diverting; as, an amusing story. P AOmus6ingOly, adv.
AOmu6sive (?; 277), a.Having power to amuse or entertain the mind; fitted to excite mirth. [R.] P AOmu6siveOly, adv. P AOmu6siveOness, n.
AOmy6 (?), n. [F. ami, fr. L. amicus.] A friend. [Obs.] Chaucer.
AOmy6eOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? without marrow.] (Med.) Wanting the spinal cord.
AOmyg7daOla6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Akin to, or derived from, the almond.
AOmyg6daOlate (?), a. [L. amygdala, amygdalum, almond, Gr. ?, ?. See Almond.] Pertaining to, resembling, or made of, almonds.
AOmyg6daOlate, n. 1. (Med.) An emulsion made of almonds; milk of almonds.
Bailey. Coxe.
2.(Chem.) A salt amygdalic acid.
Am7ygOdal6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to almonds; derived from amygdalin; as, amygdalic acid. AOmyg7daOlif6erOous (?), a. [L. amygdalum almond + Oferous.] AlmondPbearing.
AOmyg6daOlin (?), n. (Chem.) A glucoside extracted from bitter almonds as a white, crystalline substance. AOmyg6daOline (?), a. [L. amygdalinus.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, almonds.
AOmyg6daOloid (?), n. [Gr. ? almond + Ooid: cf. F. amygdalo de.] (Min.) A variety of trap or basaltic rock, containing small cavities, occupied, wholly or in part, by nodules or geodes of different minerals, esp. agates, quartz, calcite, and the zeolites. When the imbedded minerals are detached or removed by decomposition, it is porous, like lava.
{ AOmyg6daOloid (?), AOmyg7daOloid6al (?), } a. 1. AlmondPshaped.
2. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, the rock amygdaloid.
Am6yl (?), n. [L. amylum starch + Oyl. Cf. Amidin.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found in ~ alcohol or fusel oil, etc.
Am7yOla6ceous (?), a. [L. amylum starch, Gr. ?. See Amidin.] Pertaining to starch; of the nature of starch; starchy. Am6yOlate (?), n. (Chem.) A compound of the radical amyl with oxygen and a positive atom or radical. Am6yOlene (?), n.(Chem.) One of a group of metameric hydrocarbons, C5H10, of the ethylene series. The colorless, volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture of different members of the group.
AOmyl6ic (?), a. (Chem.)Pertaining to, or derived from, amyl; as, amylic ether.
w alcohol (Chem.), one of the series of alcohol?, a transparent, colorless liquid, having a peculiar odor. It is the hydroxide of amyl. P w fermentation (Chem.), a process of fermentation in starch or sugar in which ~ alcohol is produced.
Am7yOloObac6ter , n. [L. amylum starch + NL. bacterium. See Bacterium.] (Biol.) A microrganism (Bacillus amylobacter) which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction. Sternberg.
{ Am6yOloid (?), Am7yOloid6al (?), } a. [L. amylum starch + Ooid.] Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike. Amyloid degeneration (Med.), a diseased condition of various organs of the body, produced by the deposit of an albuminous substance, giving a blue color with iodine and sulphuric acid; P called also waxy or lardaceous degeneration.

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Am6yOloid (?), n. 1. A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance.
2. (Med.) The substance deposited in the organs in ~ degeneration.
Am7yOloOly6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? starch + ? solvent; ? to dissolve.] (Physiol.) Effecting the conversion of starch into soluble dextrin and sugar; as, an amylolytic ferment. Foster.
Am7yOlose6 (?), n. (Chem.) One of the starch group (C6H10O5)? of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin, dextrin, cellulose, etc.
Am6yOous (?), a. [Gr. ?.] (Med.) Wanting in muscle; without flesh.
Am6yss (?), n. Same as Amice, a hood or cape. An (?). [AS. >n one, the same word as the numeral. See One, and cf. A.] This word is property an adjective, but is commonly called the indefinite article. It is used before nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or any, but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as =twice an hour,8 =once an age,8 a shilling an ounce (see 2d A, 2), it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to each, every.
5 An is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound; as, an enemy, an hour. It in also often used before h sounded, when the accent of the word falls on the second syllable; as, an historian, an hyena, an heroic deed. Many writers use a before h in such positions. Anciently an was used before consonants as well as vowels.
An, conj. [Shortened fr. and, OE. an., and, sometimes and if, in introducing conditional clauses, like Icel. enda if, the same word as and. Prob. and was originally pleonastic before the conditional clause.] If; P a word used by old English authors.
Nay, an thou dalliest, then I am thy foe. B. Jonson.
w if, and if; if.
An6aO. [Gr. ? on; in comp., on, up, upwards.] A prefix in words from the Greek, denoting up, upward, throughout, backward, back, again, anew.
A6na (?), adv. [Gr. ? (used distributively).] (Med.) Of each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana (or, contracted, aa), ? ij., that is, of wine and honey, each, two ounces.
An apothecary with a… long bill of anas. Dryden.
Oa6na (?). [The neut. pl. ending of Latin adjectives in Oanus.] A suffix to names of persons or places, used to denote a collection of notable sayings, literary gossip, anecdotes, etc. Thus, Scaligerana is a book containing the sayings of Scaliger, Johnsoniana of Johnson, etc. Used also as a substantive; as, the French anas. It has been said that the tablePtalk of Selden is worth all the ana of the Continent.
An7aObap6tism (?), n. [L. anabaptismus, Gr. ?: cf. F. anabaptisme. See Anabaptize.] The doctrine of the Anabaptists.
An7aObap6tist (?), n. [LL. anabaptista, fr. Gr. as if ?: cf. F. anabaptiste.] A name sometimes applied to a member of any sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized in infancy.
5 In church history, the name Anabaptists usually designates a sect of fanatics who greatly disturbed the peace of Germany, the Netherlands, etc., in the Reformation period. In more modern times the name has been applied to those who do not regard infant baptism as real and valid baptism. { An7aObapOtis6tic (?), An7aObapOtis6ticOal (?), } a. Relating or attributed to the Anabaptists, or their doctrines.
Milton. Bp. Bull.
An7aObap6tistOry (?), n. The doctrine, system, or practice, of Anabaptists. [R.]
Thus died this imaginary king; and Anabaptistry was suppressed in Munster.
An7aObapOtize6 (?), v. t. [Gr. ?, fr. ? again + ? to baptize. See Baptize.] To rebaptize; to rechristen; also, to rename. [R.]
X An6aObas (?), n. [Gr. ?, p. p. of ? to advance.] (Zol.) A genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long out of water, and of making their way on land for considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing fishes.
X AOnab6aOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to go up; ? up + ? to go.] 1. A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by Xenophon in his work called =The Anabasis.8 The anabasis of Napoleon.
De Quincey.
2. (Med.) The first period, or increase, of a disease; augmentation. [Obs.]
An7aObat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to anabasis; as, an anabatic fever. [Obs.]
An7aObol6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? something heaped up; ? + ? a stroke.] (Physiol.) Pertaining to anabolism; an anabolic changes, or processes, more or less constructive in their nature.
AOnab6oOlism (?), n. (Physiol.) The constructive metabolism of the body, as distinguished from katabolism. An7aOcamp6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? to bend back; ? back + ? to bend.] Reflecting of reflected; as, an anacamptic sound (and echo).
5 The word was formerly applied to that part of optics which treats of reflection; the same as what is now called catoptric. See Catoptrics.
An7aOcamp6ticOalOly (?), adv. By reflection; as, echoes are sound produced anacamptically.
An7aOcamp6tics (?), n. 1. The science of reflected light, now called catoptrics.
2. The science of reflected sounds. { X An7aOcan6thiOni (?), An6aOcanths (?), } n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? thorny, fr. ? thorn.] (Zol.) A group of teleostean fishes destitute of spiny finPrays, as the cod. An7aOcan6thous (?), a. Spineless, as certain fishes. An7aOcar6diOa6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to, or resembling, a family, or order, of plants of which the cashew tree is the type, and the species of sumac are well known examples.
An7aOcar6dic (?), a. Pertaining to, or derived from, the cashew nut; as, anacardic acid.
X An7aOcar6diOum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? similar to + ? heart; P the fruit of this plant being thought to resemble the heart of a bird.] (Bot.) A genus of plants including the cashew tree. See Cashew.
An7aOcaOthar6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to cleanse upward, i. e., by vomiting; ? + ?. See Cathartic.] (Med.) Producing vomiting or expectoration. P n. An anacatharic medicine; an expectorant or an emetic.
X AnOach6aOris (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? up + ? grace.] (Bot.) A freshPwater weed of the frog’sbit family (Hydrocharidace), native to America. Transferred to England it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also waterweed and water thyme.
AnOach6oOret (?), n. AnOach7oOret6icOal (?), a. See Anchoret, Anchoretic. [Obs.]
AnOach6oOrism (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? place.] An error in regard to the place of an event or a thing; a referring something to a wrong place. [R.]
{ An7aOchron6ic (?), An7aOchron6icOal (?), } a. Characterized by, or involving, anachronism; anachronistic. AnOach6roOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to refer to a wrong time, to confound times; ? + ? time: cf. F. anachronisme.] A misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early; falsification of chronological relation. AnOach7roOnis6tic (?), a. Erroneous in date; containing an anachronism.
T. Warton.
AnOach6roOnize (?), v. t. [Gr. ?.] To refer to, or put into, a wrong time. [R.]
AnOach6roOnous (?), a. Containing an anachronism; anachronistic. P AnOach6roOnousOly, adv. An7aOclas6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? to bend back and break; to reflect (light); ? + ? to break.] 1. (Opt.) Produced by the refraction of light, as seen through water; as, anaclastic curves.
2. Springing back, as the bottom of an anaclastic glass. w glass, a glass or phial, shaped like an inverted funnel, and with a very thin convex bottom. By sucking out a little air, the bottom springs into a concave form with a smart crack; and by breathing or blowing gently into the orifice, the bottom, with a like noise, springs into its former convex form.
An7aOclas6tics (?), n. (Opt.) That part of optics which treats of the refraction of light; P commonly called dioptrics.
Encyc. Brit.
X An7aOc?Ono6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ?, to communicate; ? up + ? to make common, ? common.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their opinion on the point in debate.
An7aOcoOlu6thic (?), a. Lacking grammatical sequence. P An7aOcoOlu6thicOalOly (?), adv.
X An7aOcoOlu6thon (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, not following, wanting sequence; ? priv. + ? following.] (Gram.) A want of grammatical sequence or coherence in a sentence; an instance of a change of construction in a sentence so that the latter part does not syntactically correspond with the first part. An7aOcon6da (?), n. [Of Ceylonese origin?] (Zol.) A large South American snake of the Boa family (Eunectes murinus), which lives near rivers, and preys on birds and small mammals. The name is also applied to a similar large serpent (Python tigris) of Ceylon.
AOnac7reOon6tic (?), a. [L. Anacreonticus.] Pertaining to, after the manner of, or in the meter of, the Greek poet Anacreon; amatory and convivial.
De Quincey.
AOnac7reOon6tic, n. A poem after the manner of Anacreon; a sprightly little poem in praise of love and wine. An7aOcrot6ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to anachronism. AOnac6roOtism (?), n. [Gr. ?, up, again + ? a stroke.] (Physiol.) A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in a sphygmographic tracing.
X An7aOcru6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to push up or back; ? + ? to strike.] (Pros.) A prefix of one or two unaccented syllables to a verse properly beginning with an accented syllable.
An6aOdem (?), n. [L. anadema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to wreathe; ? up + ? to bind.] A garland or fillet; a chaplet or wreath. Drayton. Tennyson.
X An7aOdiOplo6sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? to double, ?, ?, twofold, double.] (Rhet.) A repetition of the last word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, =He retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes P misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent.8 An6aOdrom (?), n. [Cf. F. anadrome.] (Zol.) A fish that leaves the sea and ascends rivers.
AOnad6roOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? running upward; ? + ? a running, ? to run.] 1. (Zol.) Ascending rivers from the sea, at certain seasons, for breeding, as the salmon, shad, etc.
2. (Bot.) Tending upwards; P said of terns in which the lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the branch of the central stem.
D. C. Eaton.
X AOn6miOa (?), a. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? blood.] (Med.) A morbid condition in which the blood is deficient in quality or in quantity.
AOnm6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anmis. AnOa7 Orob6ic (?), a. (Biol.) Relating to, or like, ana robies; ara robiotic.
AnOa6 rOoObies (?), n. pl. [Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, air + ? life.] (Biol.) Microrganisms which do not require oxygen, but are killed by it.
AnOa7 rOoObiOot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Related to, or of the nature of, ana robies.
X An7sOthe6siOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? feeling, ? to feel: cf. F. anesthsie. See sthetics.] (Med.) Entire or partial loss or absence of feeling or sensation; a state of general or local insensibility produced by disease or by the inhalation or application of an ansthetic.
X An7sOthe6sis (?), n. See Ansthesia. An7sOthet6ic (?), a. (Med.) (a) Capable of rendering insensible; as, ansthetic agents. (b) Characterized by, or connected with, insensibility; as, an ansthetic effect or operation.
An7sOthet6ic, n. (Med.) That which produces insensibility to pain, as chloroform, ether, etc.
AnOs7theOtiOza6tion (?), n. The process of ansthetizing; also, the condition of the nervous system induced by ansthetics.
AnOs6theOtize (?), v. t. (Med.) To render insensible by an ansthetic.
Encyc. Brit.
An6aOglyph (?), n. [Gr. ? wrought in low relief, ? embossed work; ? + ? to engrave.] Any sculptured, chased, or embossed ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo. { An7aOglyph6ic (?), An7aOglyph6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining to the art of chasing or embossing in relief; anaglyptic; P opposed to diaglyptic or sunk work.
An7aOglyph6ic, n. Work chased or embossed relief. An7aOglyp6tic (?), a. [L. anaglypticus, Gr. ?, ?. See Anaglyph.] Relating to the art of carving, enchasing, or embossing in low relief.
An7aOglyp6tics (?), n. The art of carving in low relief, embossing, etc.
An7aOglyp6toOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? + Ograph.] An instrument by which a correct engraving of any embossed object, such as a medal or cameo, can be executed.
Brande & C.
An7aOglyp7toOgraph6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anaglyptography; as, analyptographic engraving. An7aOglypOtog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? embossed + Ography.] The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; P used in representing coins, basPreliefs, etc.
X An7agOnor6iOsis (?), n. [Latinized fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? to recognize.] The unfolding or dnouement. [R.] De Quincey.
An7aOgo6ge (?), n. [Gr. ? a leading up; ? + ? a leading, ? to lead.] 1. An elevation of mind to things celestial. 2. The spiritual meaning or application; esp. the application of the types and allegories of the Old Testament to subjects of the New.
{ An7aOgog6ic (?), An7aOgog6icOal (?), } a. Mystical; having a secondary spiritual meaning; as, the rest of the Sabbath, in an anagogical sense, signifies the repose of the saints in heaven; an anagogical explication. P An7aOgog6icOalOly, adv.
An7aOgog6ics (?), n. pl. Mystical interpretations or studies, esp. of the Scriptures.
L. Addison.
An6aOgo7gy (?), n. Same as Anagoge. An6aOgram (?), n. [F. anagramme, LL. anagramma, fr. Gr. ? back, again + ? to write. See Graphic.] Literally, the letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus; William Noy (attorneyPgeneral to Charles I., and a laborious man) may be turned into I moyl in law.
An6aOgram, v. t. To anagrammatize.
Some of these anagramed his name, Benlowes, into Benevolus. Warburton.
{ An7aOgramOmat6ic (?), An7aOgramOmat6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F. anagramtique.] Pertaining to, containing, or making, anagram. P An7aOgramOmat6icOalOly, adv.
An7aOgram6maOtism (?), n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. anagrammatisme.] The act or practice of making anagrams.
An7aOgram6maOtist, n. [Cf. F. anagrammatiste.] A maker anagrams.
An7aOgram6maOtize (?), v. t. [Gr. ? cf. F. anagrammatiser.] To transpose, as the letters of a word, so as to form an anagram.
An6aOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? a writing out, fr. ? to write out, to record; ? + ? to write.] An inventory; a record. [Obs.] Knowles.
{ X An6aOkim (?), A6naks (?), } n. pl. [Heb.] (Bibl.) A race of giants living in Palestine.
A6nal (?), a. [From Anus.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the anus; as, the anal fin or glands. AOnal6cime (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? strong, ? strength: cf. F. analcime.] (Min.) A white or fleshPred mineral, of the zeolite, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it acquires a weak electricity; hence its name. AOnal6cite (?), n. [Gr. ? weak.] Analcime. An7aOlec6tic (?), a. Relating to analects; made up of selections; as, an analectic magazine.
{ An6aOlects (?), X An7aOlec6ta (?), } n. pl. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to collect; ? + ? to gather.] A collection of literary fragments.
X An7aOlem6ma (?), n. [L. analemma a sun dial on a pedestal, showing the latitude and meridian of a place, Gr. ? a support, or thing supported, a

<– p. 53 –>

sun dial, fr. ? to take up; ? + ? to take.] 1. (Chem.) An orthographic projection of the sphere on the plane of the meridian, the eye being supposed at an infinite distance, and in the east or west point of the horizon. 2. An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; P formerly much used in solving some common astronomical problems.
3. A scale of the sun’s declination for each day of the year, drawn across the torrid zone on an artificial terrestrial globe.
{ X An6aOlep6sis (?), An6aOlep6sy (?), } [Gr. ? a taking up, or again, recovery, from ?. See Analemma.] (Med.) (a) Recovery of strength after sickness. (b) A species of epileptic attack, originating from gastric disorder. An6aOlep6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? restorative: cf. F. analeptique. See Analepsis.] (Med.) Restorative; giving strength after disease. P n. A restorative.
X An7alOge6siOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? sense of pain.] (Med.) Absence of sensibility to pain. Quain.
An7alOlagOmat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a change.] (Math.) Not changed in form by inversion.
w curves, a class of curves of the fourth degree which have certain peculiar relations to circles; P sometimes called bicircular quartics. P w surfaces, a certain class of surfaces of the fourth degree.
An7alOlanOto6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Without, or not developing, an allantois.
X An7alOlanOtoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [Gr. ? priv. + E. allantoidea.] (Zol.) The division of Vertebrata in which no allantois is developed. It includes amphibians, fishes, and lower forms.
AOnal6oOgal (?), a. Analogous. [Obs.] Donne.
An7aOlog6ic (?), a. [See Analogous.] Of or belonging to analogy.
Geo. Eliot.
An7aOlog6icOal (?), a. 1. Founded on, or of the nature of, analogy; expressing or implying analogy. When a country which has sent out colonies is termed the mother country, the expression is analogical. J. S. Mill.
2. Having analogy; analogous.
Sir M. Hale.
An7aOlog6icOalOly, adv. In an analogical sense; in accordance with analogy; by way of similitude. A prince is analogically styled a pilot, being to the state as a pilot is to the vessel.
An7aOlog6icOalOness, n. Quality of being analogical. AOnal6oOgism (?), n. [Gr. ? course of reasoning, fr. ? to think over, to the effect; an a priori argument. Johnson.
2. Investigation of things by the analogy they bear to each other.
AOnal6oOgist (?), n. One who reasons from analogy, or represent, by analogy.
AOnal6oOgize, v. i. To employ, or reason by, analogy. X AOnal6oOgon (?), n. [Gr. ?.] Analogue. AOnal6oOgous (?), a. [L. analogous, Gr. ? according to a due ratio, proportionate; ? + ? ratio, proportion. See Logic.] Having analogy; corresponding to something else; bearing some resemblance or proportion; P often followed by to. Analogous tendencies in arts and manners. De Quincey.
Decay of public spirit, which may be considered analogous to natural death.
J. H. Newman.
w pole (Pyroelect.), that pole of a crystal which becomes positively electrified when heated.
Syn. – Correspondent; similar; like. P AOnal6o gousOly, adv. P AOnal6oOgousOness, n. An6aOlogue (?; 115), n. [F., fr. Gr. ?.] 1. That which is analogous to, or corresponds with, some other thing. The vexatious tyranny of the individual despot meets its analogue in the insolent tyranny of the many. I. Taylor.
2. (Philol.) A word in one language corresponding with one in another; an analogous term; as, the Latin =pater8 is the analogue of the English =father.8
3. (Nat. Hist.) (a) An organ which is equivalent in its functions to a different organ in another species or group, or even in the same group; as, the gill of a fish is the analogue of a lung in a quadruped, although the two are not of like structural relations. (b) A species in one genus or group having its characters parallel, one by one, with those of another group. (c) A species or genus in one country closely related to a species of the same genus, or a genus of the same group, in another: such species are often called representative species, and such genera, representative genera.
AOnal6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Analogies (?). [L. analogia, Gr. ?, fr. ?: cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.] 1. A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden.
Followed by between, to, or with; as, there is an analogy between these objects, or one thing has an analogy to or with another.
5 Analogy is very commonly used to denote similarity or essential resemblance; but its specific meaning is a similarity of relations, and in this consists the difference between the argument from example and that from analogy. In the former, we argue from the mere similarity of two things; in the latter, from the similarity of their relations. Karslake.
2. (Biol.) A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different. 3. (Geom.) Proportion; equality of ratios. 4. (Gram.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly.
An6aOlyse (?), v., An6aOly7ser (?), n., etc. Same as Analyze, Analyzer, etc.
AOnal6yOsis (?), n.; pl. Analyses (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? to unloose, to dissolve, to resolve into its elements; ? up + ? to loose. See Loose.] 1. A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to synthesis.
2. (Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis. 3. (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles. 4. (Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations. 5. (a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order. (b) A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis. 6. (Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key.
Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, Quantitative, and Volumetric ~. (Chem.) See under Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, etc.
An6aOlyst (?), n. [F. analyste. See Analysis.] One who analyzes; formerly, one skilled in algebraical geometry; now commonly, one skilled in chemical analysis. { An7aOlyt6ic (?), An7aOlyt6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?: cf. F. analytique. See Analysis.] Of or pertaining to analysis; resolving into elements or constituent parts; as, an analytical experiment; analytic reasoning; P opposed to synthetic.
Analytical or cordinate geometry. See under Geometry. P Analytic language, a noninflectional language or one not characterized by grammatical endings. P Analytical table (Nat. Hist.), a table in which the characteristics of the species or other groups are arranged so as to facilitate the determination of their names.
An7aOlyt6icOalOly, adv. In an analytical manner. An7aOlyt6ics (?), n. The science of analysis. An6aOly7zaOble (?), a. That may be analyzed. An7aOlyOza6tion (?), n. The act of analyzing, or separating into constituent parts; analysis.
An6aOlyze (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Analyzed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Analyzing.] [Cf. F. analyser. See Analysis.] To subject to analysis; to resolve (anything complex) into its elements; to separate into the constituent parts, for the purpose of an examination of each separately; to examine in such a manner as to ascertain the elements or nature of the thing examined; as, to analyze a fossil substance; to analyze a sentence or a word; to analyze an action to ascertain its morality.
No one, I presume, can analyze the sensations of pleasure or pain.
An6aOly7zer (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, analyzes. 2. (Opt.) The part of a polariscope which receives the light after polarization, and exhibits its properties. An7aOmese6 (?), a. Of or pertaining to Anam, to southeastern Asia. P n. A native of Anam.
X An7amOne6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to remind, recall to memory; ? + ? to put in mind.] (Rhet.) A recalling to mind; recollection.
An7amOnes6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Aiding the memory; as, anamnestic remedies.
AnOam7niOot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Without, or not developing, an amnion.
An7aOmor6phism (?), n. [Gr. ? again + ? form.] 1. A distorted image.
2. (Biol.) A gradual progression from one type to another, generally ascending.
An7aOmor6phoOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to form anew; ? again + ? to form; ? form.] 1. (Persp.) A distorted or monstrous projection or representation of an image on a plane or curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron, appears regular and in proportion; a deformation of an image.
2. (Biol.) Same as Anamorphism, 2.
3. (Bot.) A morbid or monstrous development, or change of form, or degeneration.
An7aOmor6phoOsy (?), n. Same as Anamorphosis. AOnan6 (?), interj. [See Anon.] An expression equivalent to What did you say? Sir? Eh? [Obs.]
X AOna6nas (?), n. [Sp. ananas, from the native American name.] (Bot.) The pineapple (Ananassa sativa). AnOan6drous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a man.] (Bot.) Destitute of stamen? as certain female flowers. AnOan6guOlar (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. angular.] Containing no angle. [R.]
AnOan6therOous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. anther.] (Bot.) Destitute of anthers.
AnOan6thous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a flower.] (Bot.) Destitute of flowers; flowerless.
An7aOpst (?), An7aOps6tic (?). Same as Anapest, Anapestic. An6aOpest (?), n. [L. anapaestus, Gr. ? an w, i. e., a dactyl reserved, or, as it were, struck back; fr. ?; ? back + ? to strike.] 1. (Pros.) A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the last long, or accented (?); the reverse of the dactyl. In Latin d?P?Ot>s, and in English inOterOvene?, are examples of anapests.
2. A verse composed of such feet.
An7aOpes6tic (?), a. [L. anapaesticus, Gr. ?.] Pertaining to an anapest; consisting of an anapests; as, an anapestic meter, foot, verse. P n. Anapestic measure or verse. An7aOpes6ticOal (?), a. Anapestic.
X AOnaph6oOra (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to carry up or back; ? + ? to carry.] (Rhet.) A repetition of a word or of words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses. X AnOaph7roOdis6iOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? sexual pleasure, ? the goddess of love.] (Med.) Absence of sexual appetite.
AnOaph7roOdis6iOac (?), a. & n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? pertaining to venery.] (Med.) Same as Antaphrodisiac. Dunglison.
AnOaph7roOdit6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? without love.] (Biol.) Produced without concourse of sexes.
An7aOplas6tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anaplasty. An7aOplas7ty (?), n. [Gr. ? again + ? to form: cf. F. anaplastie.] (Surg.) The art of operation of restoring lost parts or the normal shape by the use of healthy tissue. An7aOpleOrot6ic (?), a. [L. anapleroticus, fr. Gr. ? to fill up; ? + ? to fill.] (Med.) Filling up; promoting granulation of wounds or ulcers. P n. A remedy which promotes such granulation.
AOnap6noOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? respiration + Ograph.] A form of spirometer.
An7apOno6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? respiration.] (Med.) Relating to respiration.
AnOap7oOdeic6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?. See Apodeictic.] Not apodeictic; undemonstrable. [R.] X An7aOpoph6yOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? back + ? offshoot.] (Anat.) An accessory process in many lumbar vertebr. An7apOtot6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? back + ? belonging to case.] Having lost, or tending to lose, inflections by phonetic decay; as, anaptotic languages.
X AnOap6tyOchus (?), n.; pl. Anaptichi (?). [NL., fr. Gr. ? unfolding; ? back + ? to fold.] (Paleon.) One of a pair of shelly plates found in some cephalopods, as the ammonites. An6arch (?), n. [Gr. ? without head or chief; ? priv. + ? beginning, the first place, magistracy, government.] The author of anarchy; one who excites revolt. Milton.
Imperial anarchs doubling human woes. Byron.
AOnar6chal (?), a. Lawless; anarchical. [R.] We are in the habit of calling those bodies of men anarchal which are in a state of effervescence.
{ AOnar6chic (?), AOnar6chicOal (?), } a. [Cf. F. anarchique.] Pertaining to anarchy; without rule or government; in political confusion; tending to produce anarchy; as, anarchic despotism; anarchical opinions. An6archOism (?), n. [Cf. F. anarchisme.] The doctrine or practice of anarchists.
An6archOist (?), n. [Cf. F. anarchiste.] An anarch; one who advocates anarchy of aims at the overthrow of civil government.
An6archOize (?), v. t. To reduce to anarchy. An6archOy (?), n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. anarchie. See Anarch.] 1. Absence of government; the state of society where there is no law or supreme power; a state of lawlessness; political confusion.
Spread anarchy and terror all around. Cowper.
2. Hence, confusion or disorder, in general. There being then… an anarchy, as I may term it, in authors and their re?koning of years.
X An7arOthrop6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? without joints + Opoda. See Anarthrous.] (Zol.) One of the divisions of Articulata in which there are no jointed legs, as the annelids; P opposed to Arthropoda. An7arOthrop6oOdous (?), a. (Zol.) Having no jointed legs; pertaining to Anarthropoda.
AnOar6throus (?), a. [Gr. ? without joints, without the article; ? priv. + ? joint, the article.] 1. (Gr. Gram.) Used without the article; as, an anarthrous substantive. 2.(Zol.) Without joints, or having the joints indistinct, as some insects.
X A6nas (?), n. [L., duck.] (Zol.) A genus of water fowls, of the order Anseres, including certain species of freshOwater ducks.
X An7aOsar6ca (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ? throughout + ?, ?, flesh.] (Med.) Dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue; an effusion of serum into the cellular substance, occasioning a soft, pale, inelastic swelling of the skin. An7aOsar6cous (?), a. Belonging, or affected by, anasarca, or dropsy; dropsical.
An7aOstal6tic (?), a. & n. [Gr. ?

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fitted for checking, fr. ? + ? to send.] (Med.) Styptic. [Obs.]
An6aOstate (?), n. [Gr. ? up + ? to make to stand.] (Physiol.) One of a series of substances formed, in secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in the production of protoplasm; P opposed to katastate. Foster.
An7aOstat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? up + ? to make to stand: cf. ? causing to stand.] Pertaining to a process or a style of printing from characters in relief on zinc plates. In this process the letterpress, engraving, or design of any kind is transferred to a zinc plate; the parts not covered with ink are eaten out, leaving a facsimile in relief to be printed from.
AOnas6toOmose (?), v. i. [imp. p. p. Anastomozed (?); p. pr. ? vb. n. Anastomosing.] [Cf. F. anastomoser, fr. anastomose. See Anastomosis.] (Anat. & Bot.) To inosculate; to intercommunicate by anastomosis, as the arteries and veins. The ribbing of the leaf, and the anastomosing network of its vessels.
I. Taylor.
X AOnas7toOmo6sis (?), n.; pl. Anastomoses (?). [NL., fr. Gr. ? opening, fr. ? to furnish with a mouth or opening, to open; ? + ? mouth;: cf. F. anastomose.] (Anat. & Bot.) The inosculation of vessels, or intercommunication between two or more vessels or nerves, as the cross communication between arteries or veins.
AOnas7toOmot6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anastomosis. X AOnas6troOphe (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn up or back; ? + ? to turn.] (Rhet. & Gram.) An inversion of the natural order of words; as, echoed the hills, for, the hills echoed. AOnath6eOma (?), n.; pl. Anathemas (?). [L. anath?ma, fr. Gr. ? anything devoted, esp. to evil, a curse; also L. anath?ma, fr. Gr. ? a votive offering; all fr. ? to set up as a votive gift, dedicate; ? up + ? to set. See Thesis.] 1. A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by excommunication. Hence: Denunciation of anything as accursed.
[They] denounce anathemas against unbelievers. Priestley.
2. An imprecation; a curse; a malediction. Finally she fled to London followed by the anathemas of both [families].
3. Any person or thing anathematized, or cursed by ecclesiastical authority.
The Jewish nation were an anathema destined to destruction. St. Paul… says he could wish, to save them from it, to become an anathema, and be destroyed himself. Locke.
w Maranatha (?) (see 1 Cor. xvi. 22), an expression commonly considered as a highly intensified form of anathema. Maran atha is now considered as a separate sentence, meaning, =Our Lord cometh.8
{ AOnath7eOmat6ic (?), AOnath7eOmat6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an anathema. P AOnath7eOmat6icOalOly, adv.
AOnath6eOmaOtism (?), n. [Gr. ? a cursing; cf. F. anathmatisme.] Anathematization. [Obs.] We find a law of Justinian forbidding anathematisms to be pronounced against the Jewish Hellenists. J. Taylor.
AOnath7eOmaOtiOza6tion (?), n. [LL. anathematisatio.] The act of anathematizing, or denouncing as accursed; imprecation.
AOnath6eOmaOtize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anathematized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Anathematizing.] [L. anathematizare, Gr. ? to devote, make accursed: cf. F. anathmatiser.] To pronounce an anathema against; to curse. Hence: To condemn publicly as something accursed.
AOnath6eOmaOti7zer (?), n. One who pronounces an anathema. Hammond.
X AOnat6iOfa (?), n.; pl. Anatif (?). [NL., contr. fr. anatifera. See Anatiferous.] (Zol.) An animal of the barnacle tribe, of the genus Lepas, having a fleshy stem or peduncle; a goose barnacle. See Cirripedia. 5 The term Anatif, in the plural, is often used for the whole group of pedunculated cirripeds.
AOnat6iOfer, (?), n. (Zol.) Same as Anatifa. An7aOtif6erOous (?), a. [L. anas, anatis, a duck + Oferous.] (Zol.) Producing ducks; P applied to Anatif, under the absurd notion of their turning into ducks or geese. See Barnacle.
An6aOtine (?), a. [L. anatinus, fr. anas, anatis, a duck.] (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the ducks; ducklike. AOnat6oOcism (?), n. [L. anatocismus, Gr. ?; ? again + ? to lend on interest.] (Law) Compound interest. [R.] Bouvier.
{ An7aOtom6ic (?), An7aOtom6icOal (?), } a. [L. anatomicus, Gr. ?: cf. F. anatomique. See Anatomy.] Of or relating to anatomy or dissection; as, the anatomic art; anatomical observations.
An7aOtom6icOalOly, adv. In an anatomical manner; by means of dissection.
AOnat6oOmism (?), n. [Cf. F. anatomisme.] 1. The application of the principles of anatomy, as in art. The stretched and vivid anatomism of their [i. e., the French] great figure painters.
The London Spectator.
2. The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all the phenomena of the organism or of animal life. AOnat6oOmist (?), n. [Cf. F. anatomiste.] One who is skilled in the art of anatomy, or dissection.
AOnat7oOmiOza6tion (?), n. The act of anatomizing. AOnat6oOmize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anatomized (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Anatomizing.] [Cf. F. anatomiser.] 1. To dissect; to cut in pieces, as an animal vegetable body, for the purpose of displaying or examining the structure and use of the several parts.
2. To discriminate minutely or carefully; to analyze. If we anatomize all other reasonings of this nature, we shall find that they are founded on the relation of cause and effect.
AOnat6oOmi7zer (?), n. A dissector. AOnat6oOmy (?), n.; pl. Anatomies (?). [F. anatomie, L. anatomia, Gr. ? dissection, fr. ? to cut up; ? + ? to cut.] 1. The art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their situation, structure, and economy; dissection. 2. The science which treats of the structure of organic bodies; anatomical structure or organization. Let the muscles be well inserted and bound together, according to the knowledge of them which is given us by anatomy.
5 =Animal ~8 is sometimes called zotomy; =vegetable ~,8 phytotomy; =human ~,8 anthropotomy.
Comparative ~ compares the structure of different kinds and classes of animals.
3. A treatise or book on ~.
4. The act of dividing anything, corporeal or intellectual, for the purpose of examining its parts; analysis; as, the anatomy of a discourse.
5. A skeleton; anything anatomized or dissected, or which has the appearance of being so.
The anatomy of a little child, representing all parts thereof, is accounted a greater rarity than the skeleton of a man in full stature.
They brought one Pinch, a hungry, leanOfaced villain, A mere anatomy.
An7aOtrep6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? overturning, fr. ? to turn up or over; ? + ? too turn.] Overthrowing; defeating; P applied to Plato’s refutative dialogues.
X An6aOtron (?), n. [F. anatron, natron, Sp. anatron, natron, fr. Ar. alPnatr?n. See Natron, Niter.] [Obs.] 1. Native carbonate of soda; natron.
2. Glass gall or sandiver.
3. Saltpeter.
Coxe. Johnson.
{ AOnat6roOpal (?), AOnat6roOpous (?), } a. [Gr. ? up + ? to turn.] (Bot.) Having the ovule inverted at an early period in its development, so that the chalaza is as the apparent apex; P opposed to orthotropous.
AOnat6to (?), n. Same as Annotto.
An6burPy (?), Am6burOy (?), n. [AS. ampre, ompre, a crooked swelling vein: cf. Prov. E. amper a tumor with inflammation. Cf. the first syllable in agnail, and berry a fruit.] 1. (Far.) A soft tumor or bloody wart on horses or oxen. 2. A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; P called also fingers and toes.
Oance. [F. Oance, fr. L. Oantia and also fr. Oentia.] A suffix signifying action; also, quality or state; as, assistance, resistance, appearance, elegance. See Oancy. 5 All recently adopted words of this class take either Oance or Oence, according to the Latin spelling. An6cesOtor (?), n. [OE. ancestre, auncestre, also ancessour; the first forms fr. OF. ancestre, F. anctre, fr. the L. nom. antessor one who goes before; the last form fr. OF. ancessor, fr. L. acc. antecessorem, fr. antecedere to go before; ante before + cedere to go. See Cede, and cf. Antecessor.] 1. One from whom a person is descended, whether on the father’s or mother’s side, at any distance of time; a progenitor; a fore father.
2. (Biol.) An earlier type; a progenitor; as, this fossil animal is regarded as the ancestor of the horse. 3. (Law) One from whom an estate has descended; P the correlative of heir.
An7cesOto6riOal (?), a. Ancestral.
An7cesOto6riOalOly, adv. With regard to ancestors. AnOces6tral (?; 277), a. Of, pertaining to, derived from, or possessed by, an ancestor or ancestors; as, an ancestral estate. =Ancestral trees.8
An6cesOtress (?), n. A female ancestor. An6cesOtry (?), n. [Cf. OF. ancesserie. See Ancestor.] 1. Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth or honorable descent.
Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious, but an ill one more contemptible.
2. A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent. An6chor (?), n. [OE. anker, AS. ancor, oncer, L. ancora, sometimes spelt anchora, fr. Gr. ?, akin to E. angle: cf. F. ancre. See Angle, n.] 1. A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the ship in a particular station. 5 The common ~ consists of a straight bar called a shank, having at one end a transverse bar called a stock, above which is a ring for the cable, and at the other end the crown, from which branch out two or more arms with flukes, forming with the shank a suitable angle to enter the ground. Formerly the largest and strongest ~ was the sheet anchor (hence, Fig., best hope or last refuge), called also waist anchor. Now the bower and the sheet anchor are usually alike. Then came the best bower and the small bower (so called from being carried on the bows). The stream anchor is one fourth the weight of the bower ~. Kedges or kedge anchors are light anchors used in warping. 2. Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that of a ship’s ~, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold the core of a mold in place.
3. Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on which we place dependence for safety.
Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul. Heb. vi. 19.
4. (Her.) An emblem of hope.
5. (Arch.) (a) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building together. (b) Craved work, somewhat resembling an ~ or arrowhead; P a part of the ornaments of certain moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or eggPandPanchor (called also eggPandPdart, eggPandPtongue) ornament. 6. (Zol.) One of the anchorPshaped spicules of certain sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain Holothurians, as in species of Synapta.
w ice. See under Ice. P w ring. (math.) Same as Annulus, 2 (b). P w stock (Naut.), the crossbar at the top of the shank at right angles to the arms. P The ~ comes home, when it drags over the bottom as the ship drifts. P Foul ~, the ~ when it hooks, or is entangled with, another ~, or with a cable or wreck, or when the slack cable entangled. P The ~ is acockbill, when it is suspended perpendicularly from the cathead, ready to be let go. P The ~ is apeak, when the cable is drawn in do tight as to bring to ship directly over it. P The ~ is atrip, or aweigh, when it is lifted out of the ground. P The ~ is awash, when it is hove up to the surface of the water. P At ~, anchored. P To back an ~, to increase the holding power by laying down a small ~ ahead of that by which the ship rides, with the cable fastened to the crown of the latter to prevent its coming home. P To cast ~, to drop or let go an ~ to keep a ship at rest. P To cat the ~, to hoist the ~ to the cathead and pass the ringPstopper. P To fish the ~, to hoist the flukes to their resting place (called the billPboards), and pass the shank painter. P To weigh ~, to heave or raise the ~ so as to sail away. An6chor (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anchored (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Anchoring.] [Cf. F. ancrer.] 1. To place at ~; to secure by an ~; as, to anchor a ship.
2. To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to anchor the cables of a suspension bridge. Till that my nails were anchored in thine eyes. Shak.
An6chor, v. i. 1. To cast ~; to come to ~; as, our ship (or the captain) anchored in the stream.
2. To stop; to fix or rest.
My invention…anchors on Isabel.
An6chor, n. [OE. anker, ancre, AS. ancra, fr. L. anachoreta. See Anchoret.] An anchoret. [Obs.]
An6chorOaOble (?), a. Fit for anchorage. An6chorOage (?), n. 1. The act of anchoring, or the condition of lying at anchor.
2. A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a hold for an anchor.
3. The set of anchors belonging to a ship. 4. Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge.
5. Something on which one may depend for security; ground of trust.
6. A toll for anchoring; ~ duties.
An6choOrage (?), n. Abode of an anchoret. An6chorOate (?), a. AnchorOshaped.
An6chored (?), a. 1. Held by an anchor; at anchor; held safely; as, an anchored bark; also, shaped like an anchor; forked; as, an anchored tongue.
2. (Her.) Having the extremities turned back, like the flukes of an anchor; as, an anchored cross. [Sometimes spelt ancred.]
An6choOress (?), n. A female anchoret. And there, a saintly anchoress, she dwelt. Wordsworth.
An6choOret (?), An6choOrite (?), n. [F. anachor te, L.
anachoreta, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to go back, retire; ? + ? to give place, retire, ? place; perh. akin to Skr. h> to leave. Cf. Anchor a hermit.] One who renounces the world and secludes himself, usually for religious reasons; a hermit; a r?cluse. [Written by some authors anachoret.] Our Savior himself… did not choose an anchorite’s or a monastic life, but a social and affable way of conversing with mortals.
{ An7choOret6ic (?), An7choOret6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. Gr. ?.] Pertaining to an anchoret or hermit; after the manner of an anchoret.
An6choOret7ish (?), a. Hermitlike.
An6choOretOism (?), n. The practice or mode of life of an anchoret.
An6chorPhold7 (?), n. 1. The hold or grip of an anchor, or that to which it holds.
2. Hence: Firm hold: security.
An6choOrite (?), n. Same as Anchoret. An6choOri7tess (?), n. An anchoress. [R.] An6chorOless (?), a. Without an anchor or stay. Hence: Drifting; unsettled.
AnOcho6vy (?), n. [Sp. anchoa, anchova, or Pg. anchova, prob. of Iberian origin, and lit. a dried or pickled fish, fr. Bisc. antzua dry: cf. D. anchovis, F. anchois.] (Zol.) A small fish, about three inches in length, of the Herring family (Engraulis encrasicholus), caught in vast numbers in the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. The name is also applied to several allied species.

<– p. 55 –>

AnOcho6vy pear7 (?). (Bot.) A West Indian fruit like the mango in taste, sometimes pickled; also, the tree (Grias cauliflora) bearing this fruit.
An6chuOsin (?), n. [L. anchusa the plant alkanet, Gr. ?.] (Chem.) A resinoid coloring matter obtained from alkanet root.
An6chyOlose (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Anchylosed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Anchylosing.] [Cf. F. ankyloser.] To affect or be affected with anchylosis; to unite or consolidate so as to make a stiff joint; to grow together into one. [Spelt also ankylose.]
X An7chyOlo6sis, An7kyOlo6sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ?, fr. ? to crook, stiffen, fr. ? crooked: cf. F. ankylose.] 1. (Med.) Stiffness or fixation of a joint; formation of a stiff joint.
2. (Anat.) The union of two or more separate bones to from a single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in various animals.
An7chyOlot6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anchylosis. An6cient (?), a. [OE. auncien, F. ancien, LL. antianus, fr. L. ante before. See AnteO, pref.] 1. Old; that happened or existed in former times, usually at a great distance of time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to the times before the fall of the Roman empire; P opposed to modern; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient days.
Witness those ancient empires of the earth. Milton.
Gildas Albanius… much ancienter than his namesake surnamed the Wise.
2. Old; that has been of long duration; of long standing; of great age; as, an ancient forest; an ancient castle. =Our ancient bickerings.8
Remove not the ancient landmarks, which thy fathers have set.
Prov. xxii. 28.
An ancient man, strangely habited, asked for quarters. Scott.
3. Known for a long time, or from early times; P opposed to recent or new; as, the ancient continent. A friend, perhaps, or an ancient acquaintance. Barrow.
4. Dignified, like an aged man; magisterial; venerable. [Archaic]
He wrought but some few hours of the day, and then would he seem very grave and ancient.
5. Experienced; versed. [Obs.]
Though [he] was the youngest brother, yet he was the most ancient in the business of the realm.
6. Former; sometime. [Obs.]
They mourned their ancient leader lost. Pope.
w demesne (Eng. Law), a tenure by which all manors belonging to the crown, in the reign of William the Conqueror, were held. The numbers, names, etc., of these were all entered in a book called Domesday Book. P w lights (Law), windows and other openings which have been enjoined without molestation for more than twenty years. In England, and in some of the United States, they acquire a prescriptive right. Syn. – Old; primitive; pristine; antique; antiquated; oldPfashioned; obsolete. P Ancient, Antiquated, Obsolete, Antique, Antic, Old. P Ancient is opposed to modern, and has antiquity; as, an ancient family, ancient landmarks, ancient institutions, systems of thought, etc. Antiquated describes that which has gone out of use or fashion; as, antiquated furniture, antiquated laws, rules, etc. Obsolete is commonly used, instead of antiquated, in reference to language, customs, etc.; as, an obsolete word or phrase, an obsolete expression. Antique is applied, in present usage, either to that which has come down from the ancients; as, an antique cameo, bust, etc.; or to that which is made to imitate some ~ work of art; as, an antique temple. In the days of Shakespeare, antique was often used for ancient; as, =an antique song,8 =an antique Roman;8 and hence, from singularity often attached to what is ~, it was used in the sense of grotesque; as, =an oak whose antique root peeps out; 8 and hence came our present word antic, denoting grotesque or ridiculous. We usually apply both ancient and old to things subject to gradual decay. We say, an old man, an ancient record; but never, the old stars, an old river or mountain. In general, however, ancient is opposed to modern, and old to new, fresh, or recent. When we speak of a thing that existed formerly, which has ceased to exist, we commonly use ancient; as, ancient republics, ancient heroes; and not old republics, old heroes. But when the thing which began or existed in former times is still in existence, we use either ancient or old; as, ancient statues or paintings, or old statues or paintings; ancient authors, or old authors, meaning books.
An6cient, n. 1. pl. Those who lived in former ages, as opposed to the moderns.
2. An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a person of influence.
The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof.
Isa. iii. 14.
3. A senior; an elder; a predecessor. [Obs.] Junius and Andronicus… in Christianity… were his ancients.
4. pl. (Eng. Law) One of the senior members of the Inns of Court or of Chanc?y.
Council of Ancients (French Hist.), one of the two assemblies composing the legislative bodies in 1795. Brande.
An6cient, n. [Corrupted from ensign.] 1. An ensign or flag. [Obs.]
More dishonorable ragged than an oldPfaced ancient. Shak.
2. The bearer of a flag; an ensign. [Obs.] This is Othello’s ancient, as I take it. Shak.
An6cientOly, adv. 1. In ancient times. 2. In an ancient manner. [R.]
An6cientOness, n. The quality of being ancient; antiquity; existence from old times.
An6cientOry (?), n. 1. Antiquity; what is ancient. They contain not word of ancientry.
2. Old age; also, old people. [R.]
Wronging the ancientry.
3. Ancient lineage; ancestry; dignity of birth. A gentleman of more ancientry than estate. Fuller.
An6cientOy (?), n. [F. anciennet, fr. ancien. See Ancient.] 1. Age; antiquity. [Obs.]
2. Seniority. [Obs.]
X AnOci6le (?), n. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) The sacred shield of the Romans, said to havePfallen from heaven in the reign of Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.
An6cilOlaOry (?), a. [L. ancillaris, fr. ancilla a female servant.] Subservient or subordinate, like a handmaid; auxiliary.
The Convocation of York seems to have been always considered as inferior, and even ancillary, to the greater province. Hallam.
AnOcille6 (?), n. [OF. ancelle, L. ancilla.] A maidservant; a handmaid. [Obs.]
{ AnOcip6iOtal (?), AnOcip6iOtous (?), } a. [L. anceps, ancipitis, twoPheaded, double; anO for ambO on both sides + caput head.] (Bot.) TwoPedged instead of round; P said of certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely also of leaves.
AnOcis6troid (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? a hook + ? shape.] HookPshaped.
An6cle (?), n. See Ankle.
An6come (?), n. [AS. ancuman, oncuman, to come.] A small ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow. [Obs.] Boucher.
X An6con (?), n.; L. pl. Ancones (?). [L., fr. Gr. ? the bent arm, elbow; any hook or bend.] (Anat.) The olecranon, or the elbow.
w sheep (Zol.), a breed of sheep with short crooked legs and long back. It originated in Massachusetts in 1791; P called also the otter breed.
{ An6con (?), An6cone (?), } n. [See Ancon, above.] (Arch.) (a) The corner or quoin of a wall, crossPbeam, or rafter. [Obs.] Gwilt. (b) A bracket supporting a cornice; a console. { An6coOnal (?), AnOco6neOal (?), } a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the ancon or elbow. =The olecranon on anconeal process.8
X AnOco6neOus (?), n. [NL., fr. L. ancon elbow.] (Anat.) A muscle of the elbow and forearm.
An6coOnoid (?), a. Elbowlike; anconal. An6coOny (?), n. [Origin unknown.] (Iron Work) A piece of malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the middle, but unwrought at the ends.
OanOcy. [L. Oantia.O A suffix expressing more strongly than Oance the idea of quality or state; as, constancy, buoyancy, infancy.
And (?), conj. [AS. and; akin to OS. endi, Icel. enda, OHG. anti, enti, inti, unti, G. und, D. en, OD. ende. Cf, An if, AnteO.] 1. A particle which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence. (a) It is sometimes used emphatically; as, =there are women and women,8 that is, two very different sorts of women. (b) By a rhetorical figure, notions, one of which is modificatory of the other, are connected by and; as, =the tediousness and process of my travel,8 that is, the tedious process, etc.; =thy fair and outward character,8 that is, thy outwardly fair character,
Schmidt’s Shak. Lex.
2. In order to; P used instead of the infinitival to, especially after try, come, go.
At least to try and teach the erring soul. Milton.
3. It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive. When that I was and a little tiny boy.
4. If; though. See An, conj. [Obs.] Chaucer.
As they will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast their eggs.
w so forth, and others; and the rest; and similar things; and other things or ingredients. The abbreviation, etc. (et cetera), or & c., is usually read and so forth. An6daObaOtism (?), n. [L. andabata a kind of Roman gladiator, who fought hoodwinked.] Doubt; uncertainty. [Obs.]
An7daOlu6site (?), n. (Min.) A silicate of aluminium, occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in Andalusia, Spain.
X AnOdan6te (?), a. [It. andante, p. pr. of andare to go.] (Mus.) Moving moderately slow, but distinct and flowing; quicker than larghetto, and slower than allegretto. P n. A movement or piece in andante time.
X An7danOti6no (?), a. [It., dim. of andante.] (Mus.) Rather quicker than andante; between that allegretto. 5 Some, taking andante in its original sense of =going,8 and andantino as its diminutive, or =less going,8 define the latter as slower than andante.
An6daOrac (?), n. [A corruption of sandarac.] Red orpiment. Coxe.
AOde6an , a. Pertaining to the Andes. An6desOine (?), n. (Min.) A kind of triclinic feldspar found in the Andes.
An6desOite (?), n. (Min.) An eruptive rock allied to trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar, with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene. An6dine (?), a. Andean; as, Andine flora. And6i7ron (?), n. [OE. anderne, aunderne, aundyre, OF. andier, F. landier, fr. LL. andena, andela, anderia, of unknown origin. The Eng. was prob. confused with brandPiron, AS. brandPFsen.] A utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons.
An7draOnat6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ?: cf. F. andranatomie. See Anatomy, Androtomy.] The dissection of a human body, especially of a male; androtomy. Coxe.
X AnOdr?6ciOum (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ?, ?, man + ? house.] (bot.) The stamens of a flower taken collectively. An6droOgyne (?), n. 1. An hermaphrodite. 2. (Bot.) An androgynous plant.
{ AnOdrog6yOnous (?), AnOdrog6yOnal (?), } a. [L. androgynus, Gr. ?; ?, ?, man + ? woman: cf. F. androgyne.] 1. Uniting both sexes in one, or having the characteristics of both; being in nature both male and female; hermaphroditic.
The truth is, a great mind must be androgynous. Coleridge.
2. (Bot.) Bearing both staminiferous and pistilliferous flowers in the same cluster.
{ AnOdrog6yOny (?), AnOdrog6yOnism (?), } n. Union of both sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism. { An6droid (?), X AnOdroi6des (?), } n. [Gr. ? of man’s form; ?, ?, man + ? form.] A machine or automation in the form of a human being.
An6droid, a. Resembling a man.
AnOdrom6eOda (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia. When bound to a rock and exposed to a sea monster, she was delivered by Perseus.] 1. (Astron.) A northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical w.
2. (bot.) A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern climates, of which the original species was found growing on a rock surrounded by water.
X An6dron (?), n. [L. andron, Gr. ?, fr. ?, ?, man.] (Gr. & Rom. Arch.) The apartment appropriated for the males. This was in the lower part of the house.
An7droOpet6alOous (?), a. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? leaf.] (Bot.) Produced by the conversion of the stamens into petals, as double flowers, like the garden ranunculus. Brande.
X AnOdroph6aOgi (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ?, ?, man + ? to eat.] Cannibals; manPeaters; anthropophagi. [R.] AnOdroph6aOgous (?), a. Anthropophagous. An6droOphore (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? to bear.] 1. (Bot.) A support or column on which stamens are raised. Gray.
2. (Zol.) The part which in some Siphonophora bears the male gonophores.
An6droOsphinx (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? sphinx.] (Egypt. Art.) A man sphinx; a sphinx having the head of a man and the body of a lion.
An6droOspore (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a man + ? a seed.] (Bot.) A spore of some alg, which has male functions. AnOdrot6oOmous (?), a. (Bot.) Having the filaments of the stamens divided into two parts.
AnOdrot6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? a cutting. Cf. Anatomy.] Dissection of the human body, as distinguished from zotomy; anthropotomy. [R.]
Oan6drous (?). [Gr. ?, ?, a man.] (Bot.) A terminal combining form: Having a stamen or stamens; staminate; as, monandrous, with one stamen; polyandrous, with many stamens. AOnear6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + near.] Near. [R.] =It did not come anear.8
The measure of misery anear us.
I. Taylor.
AOnear6, v. t. & i. To near; to approach. [Archaic] AOneath6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + neath for beneath.] Beneath. [Scot.]
An6ecOdo7tage (?), n. Anecdotes collectively; a collection of anecdotes.
All history, therefore, being built partly, and some of it altogether, upon anecdotage, must be a tissue of lies. De Quincey.
An6ecOdo7tal (?), a. Pertaining to, or abounding with, anecdotes; as, anecdotal conversation.
An6ecOdote (?), n. [F. anecdote, fr. Gr. ? not published; ? priv. + ? given out, ? to give out, to publish; ? out + ? to give. See Dose, n.] 1. pl. Unpublished narratives. Burke.
2. A particular or detached incident or fact of an interesting nature; a biographical incident or fragment; a single passage of private life.
{ An7ecOdot6ic (?), An7ecOdot6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining to, consisting of, or addicted to, anecdotes. =Anecdotical traditions.8
An6ecOdo6tist (?), n. One who relates or collects anecdotes. An6eOlace (?), n. Same as Anlace.
AOnele6 (?), v. t. [OE. anelien; an on + AS. ele oil, L. oleum. See Oil, Anoil.] 1. To anoit.
2. To give extreme unction to. [Obs.] R. of Brunne.
An7eOlec6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. electric.] (Physics) Not becoming electrified by friction; P opposed to idioelectric. P n. A substance incapable of being electrified by friction.
An7eOlec6trode (?), n. [Gr. ? up + E. electrode.] (Elec.) The positive pole of a voltaic battery.
X An7eOlecOtrot6oOnus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? up + E. electrotonus.] (Physiol.) The condition of decreased irritability of a nerve in the region of the positive electrode or anode on the passage of a current of electricity through it.
AOnem6oOgram (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ogram.] A record made by an anemograph.
AOnem6oOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ograph.]

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An instrument for measuring and recording the direction and force of the wind.
AOnem7oOgraph6ic (?), a. Produced by an anemograph; of or pertaining to anemography.
An7eOmog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ography.] 1. A description of the winds.
2. The art of recording the direction and force of the wind, as by means of an anemograph.
An7eOmol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ology.] The science of the wind.
An7eOmom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ometer.] An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of the wind; a wind gauge.
{ An7eOmoOmet6ric (?), An7eOmoOmet6ricOal (?), } a. Of or pertaining to anemometry.
An7eOmoOmet6roOgraph (?), n. [Anemometer + Ograph.] An anemograph.
An7eOmom6eOtry (?), n. The act or process of ascertaining the force or velocity of the wind.
AOnem6oOne (?), n. [L. anemone, Gr. ?, fr. ? wind.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of plants of the Ranunculus or Crowfoot family; windflower. Some of the species are cultivated in gardens.
2. (Zol.) The sea ~. See Actinia, and Sea anemone. 5 This word is sometimes pronounced ?n??Om??On?, especially by classical scholars.
An7eOmon6ic (?), a. (Chem.) An acrid, poisonous, crystallizable substance, obtained from, the anemone, or from anemonin.
AOnem6oOnin (?), n. (Chem.) An acrid, poisonous, crystallizable substance, obtained from some species of anemone.
AOnem6oOny (?), n. See Anemone.
An7eOmorph6iOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? wind + ? lover.] (Bot.) Fertilized by the agency of the wind; P said of plants in which the pollen is carried to the stigma by the wind; windPFertilized.
AOnem6oOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Oscope: cf. F. anmoscope.] An instrument which shows the direction of the wind; a wind vane; a weathPercock; P usually applied to a contrivance consisting of a vane above, connected in the building with a dial or index with pointers to show the changes of the wind.
{ AnOen7ceOphal6ic (?), An7enOceph6aOlous (?), } a. [Gr. ?, priv. + ? the brain: cf. Encephalon.] (Zol.) Without a brain; brainless.
Todd & B.
{ AOnenst6 (?), AOnent6 (?), } prep. [OE. anent, anentis, anence, anens, anents, AS. onefen, onemn; an, on, on + efen even, equal; hence meaning, on an equality with, even with, beside. See Even, a.] [Scot. & Prov. Eng.] 1. Over against; as, he lives anent the church.
2. About; concerning; in respect; as, he said nothing anent this particular.
AnOen6terOous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? intestine, ? within, ? in.] (Zol.) Destitute of a stomach or an intestine. Owen.
An6eOroid (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? wet, moist + Ooid: cf. F. anro de.] Containing no liquid; P said of kind of barometer.
~ barometer, a barometer the action of which depends on the varying pressure of the atmosphere upon the elastic top of a metallic box (shaped like a watch) from which the air has been exhausted. An index shows the variation of pressure. An6eOroid, n. An ~ barometer.
Anes (?), adv. Once. [Scot.]
Sir W. Scott.
X An7esOthe6siOa (?), n., An7esOthet6ic (?), a. Same as Ansthesia, Ansthetic.
An6et (?), n. [F. aneth, fr. L. anethum, Gr. ?. See Anise.] The herb dill, or dillseed.
An6eOthol (?), n. [L. anethum (see Anise) + Ool.] (Chem.) A substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel, etc., in the form of soft shinning scales; P called also anise camphor.
AOnet6ic (?), a. [L. aneticus, Gr. ? relaxing; ? back + ? to send.] (Med.) Soothing.
An6euOrism (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a widening, an opening; ? up + ? wide.] (Med.) A soft, pulsating, hollow tumor, containing blood, arising from the preternatural dilation or rupture of the coats of an artery. [Written also aneurysm.] An7euOris6mal (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to an aneurism; as, an aneurismal tumor; aneurismal diathesis. [Written also aneurysmal.]
AOnew6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + new.] Over again; another time; in a new form; afresh; as, to arm anew; to create anew. Dryden.

AnOfrac6tuOose7 (?; 135), a. [See Anfractuous.] Anfractuous; as, anfractuose anthers.
AnOfrac7tuOos6iOty (?), n.; pl. Anfractuosities (?). [Cf. F. anfractuosit.] 1. A state of being anfractuous, or full of windings and turnings; sinuosity.
The anfractuosities of his intellect and temper. Macaulay.
2. (Anat.) A sinuous depression or sulcus like those separating the convolutions of the brain. AnOfrac6tuOous (?), a. [L. anfractuosus, fr. anfractus a turning, a winding, fr. the unused anfringere to wind, bend; anO, for ambO + fractus, p. p. of frangere to break: cf. F. anfractueux.] Winding; full of windings and turnings; sinuous; tortuous; as, the anfractuous spires of a born. P AnOfrac6tuOousOness, n.
AnOfrac6ture (?), n. A mazy winding. AnOga6riOa6tion (?), n. [LL. angariatio, fr. L. angaria service to a lord, villenage, fr. anga??us, Gr. ? (a Persian word), a courier for carrying royal dispatches.] Exaction of forced service; compulsion. [Obs.]
An7geiOol6oOgy (?), n., An7geiOot6oOmy, etc. Same as Angiology, Angiotomy, etc.
An6gel (?), n. [AS. angel, engel, influenced by OF. angele, angle, F. ange. Both the AS. and the OF. words are from L. angelus, Gr. ? messenger, a messenger of God, an ~.] 1. A messenger. [R.]
The dear good angel of the Spring,
The nightingale.
B. Jonson.
2. A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power and intelligence. In the Scriptures the angels appear as God’s messengers.
O, welcome, purePeyed Faith, whitePhanded Hope, Thou hovering angel, girt with golden wings. Milton.
3. One of a class of =fallen angels;8 an evil spirit; as, the devil and his angels.
4. A minister or pastor of a church, as in the Seven Asiatic churches. [Archaic]
UntoPthe angel of the church of Ephesus write. Rev. ii. 1.
5. Attendant spirit; genius; demon. Shak.
6. An appellation given to a person supposed to be of angelic goodness or loveliness; a darling.