That steales the colour from Bassianos cheeke, Some deere friend dead, else nothing in the world Could turne so much the constitution
Of any constant man. What, worse and worse? With leaue Bassanio I am halfe your selfe, And I must freely haue the halfe of any thing That this same paper brings you
Bass. O sweet Portia,
Heere are a few of the vnpleasant’st words That euer blotted paper. Gentle Ladie
When I did first impart my loue to you, I freely told you all the wealth I had
Ran in my vaines: I was a Gentleman, And then I told you true: and yet deere Ladie, Rating my selfe at nothing, you shall see How much I was a Braggart, when I told you My state was nothing, I should then haue told you That I was worse then nothing: for indeede I haue ingag’d my selfe to a deere friend, Ingag’d my friend to his meere enemie
To feede my meanes. Heere is a Letter Ladie, The paper as the bodie of my friend,
And euerie word in it a gaping wound Issuing life blood. But is it true Salerio, Hath all his ventures faild, what not one hit, From Tripolis, from Mexico and England,
From Lisbon, Barbary, and India,
And not one vessell scape the dreadfull touch Of Merchant-marring rocks?
Sal. Not one my Lord.
Besides, it should appeare, that if he had The present money to discharge the Iew,
He would not take it: neuer did I know A creature that did beare the shape of man So keene and greedy to confound a man.
He plyes the Duke at morning and at night, And doth impeach the freedome of the state If they deny him iustice. Twenty Merchants, The Duke himselfe, and the Magnificoes
Of greatest port haue all perswaded with him, But none can driue him from the enuious plea Of forfeiture, of iustice, and his bond
Iessi. When I was with him, I haue heard him sweare To Tuball and to Chus, his Countri-men,
That he would rather haue Anthonio’s flesh, Then twenty times the value of the summe That he did owe him: and I know my Lord, If law, authoritie, and power denie not, It will goe hard with poore Anthonio
Por. Is it your deere friend that is thus in trouble? Bass. The deerest friend to me, the kindest man, The best condition’d, and vnwearied spirit In doing curtesies: and one in whom
The ancient Romane honour more appeares Then any that drawes breath in Italie
Por. What summe owes he the Iew?
Bass. For me three thousand ducats
Por. What, no more?
Pay him sixe thousand, and deface the bond: Double sixe thousand, and then treble that, Before a friend of this description
Shall lose a haire through Bassanio’s fault. First goe with me to Church, and call me wife, And then away to Venice to your friend:
For neuer shall you lie by Portias side With an vnquiet soule. You shall haue gold To pay the petty debt twenty times ouer. When it is payd, bring your true friend along, My maid Nerrissa, and my selfe meane time Will liue as maids and widdowes; come away, For you shall hence vpon your wedding day: Bid your friends welcome, show a merry cheere, Since you are deere bought, I will loue you deere. But let me heare the letter of your friend. Sweet Bassanio, my ships haue all miscarried, my Creditors grow cruell, my estate is very low, my bond to the Iew is forfeit, and since in paying it, it is impossible I should liue, all debts are cleerd between you and I, if I might see you at my death: notwithstanding, vse your pleasure, if your loue doe not perswade you to come, let not my letter
Por. O loue! dispach all busines and be gone
Bass. Since I haue your good leaue to goe away, I will make hast; but till I come againe, No bed shall ere be guilty of my stay,
Nor rest be interposer twixt vs twaine.
Enter the Iew, and Solanio, and Anthonio, and the Iaylor.
Iew. Iaylor, looke to him, tell not me of mercy, This is the foole that lends out money gratis. Iaylor, looke to him
Ant. Heare me yet good Shylok
Iew. Ile haue my bond, speake not against my bond, I haue sworne an oath that I will haue my bond: Thou call’dst me dog before thou hadst a cause, But since I am a dog, beware my phangs,
The Duke shall grant me iustice, I do wonder Thou naughty Iaylor, that thou art so fond To come abroad with him at his request
Ant. I pray thee heare me speake
Iew. Ile haue my bond, I will not heare thee speake, Ile haue my bond, and therefore speake no more, Ile not be made a soft and dull ey’d foole, To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yeeld To Christian intercessors: follow not,
Ile haue no speaking, I will haue my bond.
Sol. It is the most impenetrable curre That euer kept with men
Ant. Let him alone,
Ile follow him no more with bootlesse prayers: He seekes my life, his reason well I know; I oft deliuer’d from his forfeitures
Many that haue at times made mone to me, Therefore he hates me
Sol. I am sure the Duke will neuer grant this forfeiture to hold
An. The Duke cannot deny the course of law: For the commoditie that strangers haue
With vs in Venice, if it be denied, Will much impeach the iustice of the State, Since that the trade and profit of the citty Consisteth of all Nations. Therefore goe, These greefes and losses haue so bated mee, That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh To morrow, to my bloudy Creditor.
Well Iaylor, on, pray God Bassanio come To see me pay his debt, and then I care not.
Enter Portia, Nerrissa, Lorenzo, Iessica, and a man of Portias.
Lor. Madam, although I speake it in your presence, You haue a noble and a true conceit
Of god-like amity, which appeares most strongly In bearing thus the absence of your Lord. But if you knew to whom you shew this honour, How true a Gentleman you send releefe,
How deere a louer of my Lord your husband, I know you would be prouder of the worke Then customary bounty can enforce you
Por. I neuer did repent for doing good, Nor shall not now: for in companions
That do conuerse and waste the time together, Whose soules doe beare an egal yoke of loue. There must be needs a like proportion
Of lyniaments, of manners, and of spirit; Which makes me thinke that this Anthonio Being the bosome louer of my Lord,
Must needs be like my Lord. If it be so, How little is the cost I haue bestowed
In purchasing the semblance of my soule; From out the state of hellish cruelty,
This comes too neere the praising of my selfe, Therefore no more of it: heere other things Lorenso I commit into your hands,
The husbandry and mannage of my house, Vntill my Lords returne; for mine owne part I haue toward heauen breath’d a secret vow, To liue in prayer and contemplation,
Onely attended by Nerrissa heere,
Vntill her husband and my Lords returne: There is a monastery too miles off,
And there we will abide. I doe desire you Not to denie this imposition,
The which my loue and some necessity Now layes vpon you
Lorens. Madame, with all my heart,
I shall obey you in all faire commands
Por. My people doe already know my minde, And will acknowledge you and Iessica
In place of Lord Bassanio and my selfe. So far you well till we shall meete againe
Lor. Faire thoughts & happy houres attend on you
Iessi. I wish your Ladiship all hearts content
Por. I thanke you for your wish, and am well pleas’d To wish it backe on you: faryouwell Iessica.
Now Balthaser, as I haue euer found thee honest true, So let me finde thee still: take this same letter, And vse thou all the indeauor of a man,
In speed to Mantua, see thou render this Into my cosins hand, Doctor Belario,
And looke what notes and garments he doth giue thee, Bring them I pray thee with imagin’d speed Vnto the Tranect, to the common Ferrie
Which trades to Venice; waste no time in words, But get thee gone, I shall be there before thee
Balth. Madam, I goe with all conuenient speed
Por. Come on Nerissa, I haue worke in hand That you yet know not of; wee’ll see our husbands Before they thinke of vs?
Nerrissa. Shall they see vs?
Portia. They shall Nerrissa: but in such a habit, That they shall thinke we are accomplished With that we lacke; Ile hold thee any wager When we are both accoutered like yong men, Ile proue the prettier fellow of the two, And weare my dagger with the brauer grace, And speake betweene the change of man and boy, With a reede voyce, and turne two minsing steps Into a manly stride; and speake of frayes Like a fine bragging youth: and tell quaint lyes How honourable Ladies sought my loue,
Which I denying, they fell sicke and died. I could not doe withall: then Ile repent, And wish for all that, that I had not kil’d them; And twentie of these punie lies Ile tell, That men shall sweare I haue discontinued schoole Aboue a twelue moneth: I haue within my minde A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Iacks, Which I will practise
Nerris. Why, shall wee turne to men? Portia. Fie, what a questions that?
If thou wert nere a lewd interpreter: But come, Ile tell thee all my whole deuice When I am in my coach, which stayes for vs At the Parke gate; and therefore haste away, For we must measure twentie miles to day.
Enter Clowne and Iessica.
Clown. Yes truly; for looke you, the sinnes of the Father are to be laid vpon the children, therefore I promise you, I feare you, I was alwaies plaine with you, and so now I speake my agitation of the matter: therfore be of good cheere, for truly I thinke you are damn’d, there is but one hope in it that can doe you anie good, and that is but a kinde of bastard hope neither
Iessica. And what hope is that I pray thee? Clow. Marrie you may partlie hope that your father got you not, that you are not the Iewes daughter
Ies. That were a kinde of bastard hope indeed, so the sins of my mother should be visited vpon me
Clow. Truly then I feare you are damned both by father and mother: thus when I shun Scilla your father, I fall into Charibdis your mother; well, you are gone both waies
Ies. I shall be sau’d by my husband, he hath made me a Christian
Clow. Truly the more to blame he, we were Christians enow before, e’ne as many as could wel liue one by another: this making of Christians will raise the price of Hogs, if wee grow all to be porke-eaters, wee shall not shortlie haue a rasher on the coales for money. Enter Lorenzo.
Ies. Ile tell my husband Lancelet what you say, heere he comes
Loren. I shall grow iealous of you shortly Lancelet, if you thus get my wife into corners?
Ies. Nay, you need not feare vs Lorenzo, Launcelet and I are out, he tells me flatly there is no mercy for mee in heauen, because I am a Iewes daughter: and hee saies you are no good member of the common wealth, for in conuerting Iewes to Christians, you raise the price of Porke
Loren. I shall answere that better to the Commonwealth, than you can the getting vp of the Negroes bellie: the Moore is with childe by you Launcelet? Clow. It is much that the Moore should be more then reason: but if she be lesse then an honest woman, shee is indeed more then I tooke her for
Loren. How euerie foole can play vpon the word, I thinke the best grace of witte will shortly turne into silence, and discourse grow commendable in none onely but Parrats: goe in sirra, bid them prepare for dinner? Clow. That is done sir, they haue all stomacks? Loren. Goodly Lord, what a witte-snapper are you, then bid them prepare dinner
Clow. That is done to sir, onely couer is the word
Loren. Will you couer than sir?
Clow. Not so sir neither, I know my dutie
Loren. Yet more quarreling with occasion, wilt thou shew the whole wealth of thy wit in an instant; I pray thee vnderstand a plaine man in his plaine meaning: goe to thy fellowes, bid them couer the table, serue in the meat, and we will come in to dinner
Clow. For the table sir, it shall be seru’d in, for the meat sir, it shall bee couered, for your comming in to dinner sir, why let it be as humors and conceits shall gouerne.
Lor. O deare discretion, how his words are suted, The foole hath planted in his memory
An Armie of good words, and I doe know A many fooles that stand in better place, Garnisht like him, that for a tricksie word Defie the matter: how cheer’st thou Iessica, And now good sweet say thy opinion,
How dost thou like the Lord Bassiano’s wife? Iessi. Past all expressing, it is very meete The Lord Bassanio liue an vpright life
For hauing such a blessing in his Lady, He findes the ioyes of heauen heere on earth, And if on earth he doe not meane it, it
Is reason he should neuer come to heauen? Why, if two gods should play some heauenly match, And on the wager lay two earthly women,
And Portia one: there must be something else Paund with the other, for the poore rude world Hath not her fellow
Loren. Euen such a husband
Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife
Ies. Nay, but aske my opinion to of that? Lor. I will anone, first let vs goe to dinner? Ies. Nay, let me praise you while I haue a stomacke? Lor. No pray thee, let it serue for table talke, Then how som ere thou speakst ‘mong other things, I shall digest it?
Iessi. Well, Ile set you forth.
Enter the Duke, the Magnificoes, Anthonio, Bassanio, and Gratiano
Duke. What, is Anthonio heere?
Ant. Ready, so please your grace?
Duke. I am sorry for thee, thou art come to answere A stonie aduersary, an inhumane wretch,
Vncapable of pitty, voyd, and empty From any dram of mercie
Ant. I haue heard
Your Grace hath tane great paines to qualifie His rigorous course: but since he stands obdurate, And that no lawful meanes can carrie me
Out of his enuies reach, I do oppose My patience to his fury, and am arm’d
To suffer with a quietnesse of spirit, The very tiranny and rage of his
Du. Go one and cal the Iew into the Court
Sal. He is ready at the doore, he comes my Lord. Enter Shylocke.
Du. Make roome, and let him stand before our face. Shylocke the world thinkes, and I thinke so to That thou but leadest this fashion of thy mallice To the last houre of act, and then ’tis thought Thou’lt shew thy mercy and remorse more strange, Than is thy strange apparant cruelty;
And where thou now exact’st the penalty, Which is a pound of this poore Merchants flesh, Thou wilt not onely loose the forfeiture, But touch’d with humane gentlenesse and loue: Forgiue a moytie of the principall,
Glancing an eye of pitty on his losses That haue of late so hudled on his backe, Enow to presse a royall Merchant downe;
And plucke commiseration of his state From brassie bosomes, and rough hearts of flints, From stubborne Turkes and Tarters neuer traind To offices of tender curtesie,
We all expect a gentle answer Iew?
Iew. I haue possest your grace of what I purpose, And by our holy Sabbath haue I sworne
To haue the due and forfeit of my bond. If you denie it, let the danger light
Vpon your Charter, and your Cities freedome. You’l aske me why I rather choose to haue A weight of carrion flesh, then to receiue Three thousand Ducats? Ile not answer that: But say it is my humor; Is it answered?
What if my house be troubled with a Rat, And I be pleas’d to giue ten thousand Ducates To haue it bain’d? What, are you answer’d yet? Some men there are loue not a gaping Pigge: Some that are mad, if they behold a Cat: And others, when the bag-pipe sings i’th nose, Cannot containe their Vrine for affection. Masters of passion swayes it to the moode Of what it likes or loaths, now for your answer: As there is no firme reason to be rendred Why he cannot abide a gaping Pigge?
Why he a harmlesse necessarie Cat?
Why he a woollen bag-pipe: but of force Must yeeld to such ineuitable shame,
As to offend himselfe being offended: So can I giue no reason, nor I will not, More then a lodg’d hate, and a certaine loathing I beare Anthonio, that I follow thus
A loosing suite against him? Are you answered? Bass. This is no answer thou vnfeeling man, To excuse the currant of thy cruelty
Iew. I am not bound to please thee with my answer
Bass. Do all men kil the things they do not loue? Iew. Hates any man the thing he would not kill? Bass. Euerie offence is not a hate at first
Iew. What wouldst thou haue a Serpent sting thee twice?
Ant. I pray you thinke you question with the Iew: You may as well go stand vpon the beach, And bid the maine flood baite his vsuall height, Or euen as well vse question with the Wolfe, The Ewe bleate for the Lambe:
You may as well forbid the Mountaine Pines To wagge their high tops, and to make no noise When they are fretted with the gusts of heauen: You may as well do any thing most hard,
As seeke to soften that, then which what harder? His Iewish heart. Therefore I do beseech you Make no more offers, vse no farther meanes, But with all briefe and plaine conueniencie Let me haue iudgement, and the Iew his will
Bas. For thy three thousand Ducates heere is six
Iew. If euerie Ducat in sixe thousand Ducates Were in sixe parts, and euery part a Ducate, I would not draw them, I would haue my bond? Du. How shalt thou hope for mercie, rendring none? Iew. What iudgement shall I dread doing no wrong? You haue among you many a purchast slaue, Which like your Asses, and your Dogs and Mules, You vse in abiect and in slauish parts,
Because you bought them. Shall I say to you, Let them be free, marrie them to your heires? Why sweate they vnder burthens? Let their beds Be made as soft as yours: and let their pallats Be season’d with such Viands: you will answer The slaues are ours. So do I answer you. The pound of flesh which I demand of him Is deerely bought, ’tis mine, and I will haue it. If you deny me; fie vpon your Law,
There is no force in the decrees of Venice; I stand for iudgement, answer, Shall I haue it? Du. Vpon my power I may dismisse this Court, Vnlesse Bellario a learned Doctor,
Whom I haue sent for to determine this, Come heere to day
Sal. My Lord, heere stayes without
A Messenger with Letters from the Doctor, New come from Padua
Du. Bring vs the Letters, Call the Messengers
Bass. Good cheere Anthonio. What man, corage yet: The Iew shall haue my flesh, blood, bones, and all, Ere thou shalt loose for me one drop of blood
Ant. I am a tainted Weather of the flocke, Meetest for death, the weakest kinde of fruite Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me; You cannot better be employ’d Bassanio,
Then to liue still, and write mine Epitaph. Enter Nerrissa.
Du. Came you from Padua from Bellario? Ner. From both.
My Lord Bellario greets your Grace
Bas. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly? Iew. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrout there
Gra. Not on thy soale: but on thy soule harsh Iew Thou mak’st thy knife keene: but no mettall can, No, not the hangmans Axe beare halfe the keennesse Of thy sharpe enuy. Can no prayers pierce thee? Iew. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make
Gra. O be thou damn’d, inexecrable dogge, And for thy life let iustice be accus’d: Thou almost mak’st me wauer in my faith; To hold opinion with Pythagoras,
That soules of Animals infuse themselues Into the trunkes of men. Thy currish spirit Gouern’d a Wolfe, who hang’d for humane slaughter, Euen from the gallowes did his fell soule fleet; And whil’st thou layest in thy vnhallowed dam, Infus’d it selfe in thee: For thy desires Are Woluish, bloody, steru’d, and rauenous
Iew. Till thou canst raile the seale from off my bond Thou but offend’st thy Lungs to speake so loud: Repaire thy wit good youth, or it will fall To endlesse ruine. I stand heere for Law
Du. This Letter from Bellario doth commend A yong and Learned Doctor in our Court;
Where is he?
Ner. He attendeth heere hard by
To know your answer, whether you’l admit him
Du. With all my heart. Some three or four of you Go giue him curteous conduct to this place, Meane time the Court shall heare Bellarioes Letter. Your Grace shall vnderstand, that at the receite of your Letter I am very sicke: but in the instant that your messenger came, in louing visitation, was with me a yong Doctor of Rome, his name is Balthasar: I acquainted him with the cause in Controuersie, betweene the Iew and Anthonio the Merchant: We turn’d ore many Bookes together: hee is furnished with my opinion, which bettred with his owne learning, the greatnesse whereof I cannot enough commend, comes with him at my importunity, to fill vp your Graces request in my sted. I beseech you, let his lacke of years be no impediment to let him lacke a reuerend estimation: for I neuer knewe so yong a body, with so old a head. I leaue him to your gracious acceptance, whose trial shall better publish his commendation. Enter Portia for Balthazar.
Duke. You heare the learn’d Bellario what he writes, And heere (I take it) is the Doctor come. Giue me your hand: Came you from old Bellario? Por. I did my Lord
Du. You are welcome: take your place; Are you acquainted with the difference
That holds this present question in the Court
Por. I am enformed throughly of the cause. Which is the Merchant heere? and which the Iew? Du. Anthonio and old Shylocke, both stand forth
Por. Is your name Shylocke?
Iew. Shylocke is my name
Por. Of a strange nature is the sute you follow, Yet in such rule, that the Venetian Law
Cannot impugne you as you do proceed. You stand within his danger, do you not? Ant. I, so he sayes
Por. Do you confesse the bond?
Ant. I do
Por. Then must the Iew be mercifull
Iew. On what compulsion must I ? Tell me that
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain’d, It droppeth as the gentle raine from heauen Vpon the place beneath. It is twice blest, It blesseth him that giues, and him that takes, ‘Tis mightiest in the mightiest, it becomes The throned Monarch better then his Crowne. His Scepter shewes the force of temporall power, The attribute to awe and Maiestie,
Wherein doth sit the dread and feare of Kings: But mercy is aboue this sceptred sway,
It is enthroned in the hearts of Kings, It is an attribute to God himselfe;
And earthly power doth then shew likest Gods When mercie seasons Iustice. Therefore Iew, Though Iustice be thy plea, consider this, That in the course of Iustice, none of vs Should see saluation: we do pray for mercie, And that same prayer, doth teach vs all to render The deeds of mercie. I haue spoke thus much To mittigate the iustice of thy plea:
Which if thou follow, this strict course of Venice Must needes giue sentence ‘gainst the Merchant there
Shy. My deeds vpon my head, I craue the Law, The penaltie and forfeite of my bond
Por. Is he not able to discharge the money? Bas. Yes, heere I tender it for him in the Court, Yea, twice the summe, if that will not suffice, I will be bound to pay it ten times ore, On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart: If this will not suffice, it must appeare That malice beares downe truth. And I beseech you Wrest once the Law to your authority.
To do a great right, do a little wrong, And curbe this cruell diuell of his will
Por. It must not be, there is no power in Venice Can alter a decree established:
‘Twill be recorded for a President, And many an error by the same example,
Will rush into the state: It cannot be
Iew. A Daniel come to iudgement, yea a Daniel. O wise young Iudge, how do I honour thee
Por. I pray you let me looke vpon the bond
Iew. Heere ’tis most reuerend Doctor, heere it is
Por. Shylocke, there’s thrice thy monie offered thee
Shy. An oath, an oath, I haue an oath in heauen: Shall I lay periurie vpon my soule?
No not for Venice
Por. Why this bond is forfeit,
And lawfully by this the Iew may claime A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off
Neerest the Merchants heart; be mercifull, Take thrice thy money, bid me teare the bond
Iew. When it is paid according to the tenure. It doth appeare you are a worthy Iudge:
You know the Law, your exposition
Hath beene most sound. I charge you by the Law, Whereof you are a well-deseruing pillar, Proceede to iudgement: By my soule I sweare, There is no power in the tongue of man
To alter me: I stay heere on my bond
An. Most heartily I do beseech the Court To giue the iudgement
Por. Why then thus it is:
You must prepare your bosome for his knife
Iew. O noble Iudge, O excellent yong man
Por. For the intent and purpose of the Law Hath full relation to the penaltie,
Which heere appeareth due vpon the bond
Iew. ‘Tis verie true: O wise and vpright Iudge, How much more elder art thou then thy lookes? Por. Therefore lay bare your bosome
Iew. I, his brest,
So sayes the bond, doth it not noble Iudge? Neerest his heart, those are the very words
Por. It is so: Are there ballance heere to weigh the flesh?
Iew. I haue them ready
Por. Haue by some Surgeon Shylock on your charge To stop his wounds, least he should bleede to death
Iew. It is not nominated in the bond? Por. It is not so exprest: but what of that? ‘Twere good you do so much for charitie
Iew. I cannot finde it, ’tis not in the bond
Por. Come Merchant, haue you any thing to say? Ant. But little: I am arm’d and well prepar’d. Giue me your hand Bassanio, fare you well. Greeue not that I am falne to this for you: For heerein fortune shewes her selfe more kinde Then is her custome. It is still her vse To let the wretched man out-liue his wealth, To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow An age of pouerty. From which lingring penance Of such miserie, doth she cut me off:
Commend me to your honourable Wife, Tell her the processe of Anthonio’s end: Say how I lou’d you; speake me faire in death: And when the tale is told, bid her be iudge, Whether Bassanio had not once a Loue:
Repent not you that you shall loose your friend, And he repents not that he payes your debt. For if the Iew do cut but deepe enough,
Ile pay it instantly, with all my heart
Bas. Anthonio, I am married to a wife, Which is as deere to me as life it selfe, But life it selfe, my wife, and all the world, Are not with me esteem’d aboue thy life. I would loose all, I sacrifice them all
Heere to this deuill, to deliuer you
Por. Your wife would giue you little thanks for that If she were by to heare you make the offer
Gra. I haue a wife whom I protest I loue, I would she were in heauen, so she could Intreat some power to change this currish Iew
Ner. ‘Tis well you offer it behinde her backe, The wish would make else an vnquiet house
Iew. These be the Christian husbands: I haue a daughter Would any of the stocke of Barrabas
Had beene her husband, rather then a Christian. We trifle time, I pray thee pursue sentence
Por. A pound of that same marchants flesh is thine, The Court awards it, and the law doth giue it
Iew. Most rightfull Iudge
Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his breast, The Law allowes it, and the Court awards it
Iew. Most learned Iudge, a sentence, come prepare
Por. Tarry a little, there is something else, This bond doth giue thee heere no iot of bloud, The words expresly are a pound of flesh: Then take thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh, But in the cutting it, if thou dost shed One drop of Christian bloud, thy lands and goods Are by the Lawes of Venice confiscate
Vnto the state of Venice
Gra. O vpright Iudge,
Marke Iew, o learned Iudge
Shy. Is that the law?
Por. Thy selfe shalt see the Act:
For as thou vrgest iustice, be assur’d Thou shalt haue iustice more then thou desirest
Gra. O learned Iudge, mark Iew, a learned Iudge
Iew. I take this offer then, pay the bond thrice, And let the Christian goe
Bass. Heere is the money
Por. Soft, the Iew shall haue all iustice, soft, no haste, He shall haue nothing but the penalty
Gra. O Iew, an vpright Iudge, a learned Iudge
Por. Therefore prepare thee to cut off the flesh, Shed thou no bloud, nor cut thou lesse nor more But iust a pound of flesh: if thou tak’st more Or lesse then a iust pound, be it so much As makes it light or heauy in the substance, Or the deuision of the twentieth part
Of one poore scruple, nay if the scale doe turne But in the estimation of a hayre,
Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate
Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel Iew, Now infidell I haue thee on the hip
Por. Why doth the Iew pause, take thy forfeiture
Shy. Giue me my principall, and let me goe
Bass. I haue it ready for thee, heere it is
Por. He hath refus’d it in the open Court, He shall haue meerly iustice and his bond
Gra. A Daniel still say I, a second Daniel, I thanke thee Iew for teaching me that word
Shy. Shall I not haue barely my principall? Por. Thou shalt haue nothing but the forfeiture, To be taken so at thy perill Iew
Shy. Why then the Deuill giue him good of it: Ile stay no longer question
Por. Tarry Iew,
The Law hath yet another hold on you. It is enacted in the Lawes of Venice,
If it be proued against an Alien,
That by direct, or indirect attempts He seeke the life of any Citizen,
The party gainst the which he doth contriue, Shall seaze one halfe his goods, the other halfe Comes to the priuie coffer of the State, And the offenders life lies in the mercy Of the Duke onely, gainst all other voice. In which predicament I say thou standst: For it appeares by manifest proceeding,
That indirectly, and directly to,
Thou hast contriu’d against the very life Of the defendant: and thou hast incur’d
The danger formerly by me rehearst. Downe therefore, and beg mercy of the Duke
Gra. Beg that thou maist haue leaue to hang thy selfe, And yet thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Thou hast not left the value of a cord,
Therefore thou must be hang’d at the states charge
Duk. That thou shalt see the difference of our spirit, I pardon thee thy life before thou aske it: For halfe thy wealth, it is Anthonio’s
The other halfe comes to the generall state, Which humblenesse may driue vnto a fine
Por. I for the state, not for Anthonio
Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that, You take my house, when you do take the prop That doth sustaine my house: you take my life When you doe take the meanes whereby I liue
Por. What mercy can you render him Anthonio? Gra. A halter gratis, nothing else for Gods sake
Ant. So please my Lord the Duke, and all the Court To quit the fine for one halfe of his goods, I am content: so he will let me haue
The other halfe in vse, to render it Vpon his death, vnto the Gentleman
That lately stole his daughter.
Two things prouided more, that for this fauour He presently become a Christian:
The other, that he doe record a gift Heere in the Court of all he dies possest Vnto his sonne Lorenzo, and his daughter
Duk. He shall doe this, or else I doe recant The pardon that I late pronounced heere
Por. Art thou contented Iew? what dost thou say? Shy. I am content
Por. Clarke, draw a deed of gift
Shy. I pray you giue me leaue to goe from hence, I am not well, send the deed after me,
And I will signe it
Duke. Get thee gone, but doe it
Gra. In christning thou shalt haue two godfathers, Had I been iudge, thou shouldst haue had ten more, To bring thee to the gallowes, not to the font. Enter.
Du. Sir I intreat you with me home to dinner
Por. I humbly doe desire your Grace of pardon, I must away this night toward Padua,
And it is meete I presently set forth
Duk. I am sorry that your leysure serues you not: Anthonio, gratifie this gentleman,
For in my minde you are much bound to him.
Exit Duke and his traine.
Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my friend Haue by your wisedome beene this day acquitted Of greeuous penalties, in lieu whereof,
Three thousand Ducats due vnto the Iew We freely cope your curteous paines withall
An. And stand indebted ouer and aboue In loue and seruice to you euermore
Por. He is well paid that is well satisfied, And I deliuering you, am satisfied,
And therein doe account my selfe well paid, My minde was neuer yet more mercinarie.
I pray you know me when we meete againe, I wish you well, and so I take my leaue
Bass. Deare sir, of force I must attempt you further, Take some remembrance of vs as a tribute, Not as fee: grant me two things, I pray you Not to denie me, and to pardon me
Por. You presse mee farre, and therefore I will yeeld, Giue me your gloues, Ile weare them for your sake, And for your loue Ile take this ring from you, Doe not draw backe your hand, ile take no more, And you in loue shall not deny me this?
Bass. This ring good sir, alas it is a trifle, I will not shame my selfe to giue you this
Por. I wil haue nothing else but onely this, And now methinkes I haue a minde to it
Bas. There’s more depends on this then on the valew, The dearest ring in Venice will I giue you, And finde it out by proclamation,
Onely for this I pray you pardon me
Por. I see sir you are liberall in offers, You taught me first to beg, and now me thinkes You teach me how a beggar should be answer’d
Bas. Good sir, this ring was giuen me by my wife, And when she put it on, she made me vow
That I should neither sell, nor giue, nor lose it
Por. That scuse serues many men to saue their gifts, And if your wife be not a mad woman,
And know how well I haue deseru’d this ring, Shee would not hold out enemy for euer
For giuing it to me: well, peace be with you.
Ant. My L[ord]. Bassanio, let him haue the ring, Let his deseruings and my loue withall
Be valued against your wiues commandement
Bass. Goe Gratiano, run and ouer-take him, Giue him the ring, and bring him if thou canst Vnto Anthonios house, away, make haste.
Come, you and I will thither presently, And in the morning early will we both
Flie toward Belmont, come Anthonio.
Enter Portia and Nerrissa.
Por. Enquire the Iewes house out, giue him this deed, And let him signe it, wee’ll away to night, And be a day before our husbands home:
This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo. Enter Gratiano.
Gra. Faire sir, you are well ore-tane: My L[ord]. Bassanio vpon more aduice,
Hath sent you heere this ring, and doth intreat Your company at dinner
Por. That cannot be;
His ring I doe accept most thankfully, And so I pray you tell him: furthermore, I pray you shew my youth old Shylockes house
Gra. That will I doe
Ner. Sir, I would speake with you:
Ile see if I can get my husbands ring Which I did make him sweare to keepe for euer
Por. Thou maist I warrant, we shal haue old swearing That they did giue the rings away to men; But weele out-face them, and out-sweare them to: Away, make haste, thou know’st where I will tarry
Ner. Come good sir, will you shew me to this house.
Enter Lorenzo and Iessica.
Lor. The moone shines bright. In such a night as this, When the sweet winde did gently kisse the trees, And they did make no noyse, in such a night Troylus me thinkes mounted the Troian walls, And sigh’d his soule toward the Grecian tents Where Cressed lay that night
Ies. In such a night
Did Thisbie fearefully ore-trip the dewe, And saw the Lyons shadow ere himselfe,
And ranne dismayed away
Loren. In such a night
Stood Dido with a Willow in her hand Vpon the wilde sea bankes, and waft her Loue To come againe to Carthage
Ies. In such a night
Medea gathered the inchanted hearbs That did renew old Eson
Loren. In such a night
Did Iessica steale from the wealthy Iewe, And with an Vnthrift Loue did runne from Venice, As farre as Belmont
Ies. In such a night
Did young Lorenzo sweare he lou’d her well, Stealing her soule with many vowes of faith, And nere a true one
Loren. In such a night
Did pretty Iessica (like a little shrow) Slander her Loue, and he forgaue it her
Iessi. I would out-night you did no body come: But harke, I heare the footing of a man. Enter Messenger.
Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night? Mes. A friend
Loren. A friend, what friend? your name I pray you friend? Mes. Stephano is my name, and I bring word My Mistresse will before the breake of day Be heere at Belmont, she doth stray about By holy crosses where she kneeles and prayes For happy wedlocke houres
Loren. Who comes with her?
Mes. None but a holy Hermit and her maid: I pray you is my Master yet return’d?
Loren. He is not, nor we haue not heard from him, But goe we in I pray thee Iessica,
And ceremoniously let vs prepare
Some welcome for the Mistresse of the house, Enter Clowne.
Clo. Sola, sola: wo ha ho, sola, sola
Loren. Who calls?
Clo. Sola, did you see M[aster]. Lorenzo, & M[aster]. Lorenzo, sola,
Lor. Leaue hollowing man, heere
Clo. Sola, where, where?
Clo. Tel him ther’s a Post come from my Master, with his horne full of good newes, my Master will be here ere morning sweete soule
Loren. Let’s in, and there expect their comming. And yet no matter: why should we goe in? My friend Stephen, signifie pray you
Within the house, your Mistresse is at hand, And bring your musique foorth into the ayre. How sweet the moone-light sleepes vpon this banke, Heere will we sit, and let the sounds of musicke Creepe in our eares soft stilnes, and the night Become the tutches of sweet harmonie:
Sit Iessica, looke how the floore of heauen Is thicke inlayed with pattens of bright gold, There’s not the smallest orbe which thou beholdst But in his motion like an Angell sings,
Still quiring to the young eyed Cherubins; Such harmonie is in immortall soules,
But whilst this muddy vesture of decay Doth grosly close in it, we cannot heare it: Come hoe, and wake Diana with a hymne,
With sweetest tutches pearce your Mistresse eare, And draw her home with musicke
Iessi. I am neuer merry when I heare sweet musique.
Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attentiue: For doe but note a wilde and wanton heard Or race of youthful and vnhandled colts, Fetching mad bounds, bellowing and neighing loud, Which is the hot condition of their bloud, If they but heare perchance a trumpet sound, Or any ayre of musicke touch their eares, You shall perceiue them make a mutuall stand, Their sauage eyes turn’d to a modest gaze, By the sweet power of musicke: therefore the Poet Did faine that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and floods. Since naught so stockish, hard, and full of rage, But musicke for time doth change his nature, The man that hath no musicke in himselfe, Nor is not moued with concord of sweet sounds, Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoyles, The motions of his spirit are dull as night, And his affections darke as Erobus,
Let no such man be trusted: marke the musicke. Enter Portia and Nerrissa.
Por. That light we see is burning in my hall: How farre that little candell throwes his beames, So shines a good deed in a naughty world
Ner. When the moone shone we did not see the candle? Por. So doth the greater glory dim the lesse, A substitute shines brightly as a King
Vntill a King be by, and then his state Empties it selfe, as doth an inland brooke Into the maine of waters: musique, harke.
Ner. It is your musicke Madame of the house
Por. Nothing is good I see without respect, Methinkes it sounds much sweeter then by day? Ner. Silence bestowes that vertue on it Madam
Por. The Crow doth sing as sweetly as the Larke When neither is attended: and I thinke
The Nightingale if she should sing by day When euery Goose is cackling, would be thought No better a Musitian then the Wren?
How many things by season, season’d are To their right praise, and true perfection: Peace, how the Moone sleepes with Endimion, And would not be awak’d.
Lor. That is the voice,
Or I am much deceiu’d of Portia
Por. He knowes me as the blinde man knowes the Cuckow by the bad voice?
Lor. Deere Lady welcome home?
Por. We haue bene praying for our husbands welfare Which speed we hope the better for our words, Are they return’d?
Lor. Madam, they are not yet:
But there is come a Messenger before To signifie their comming
Por. Go in Nerrissa,
Giue order to my seruants, that they take No note at all of our being absent hence, Nor you Lorenzo, Iessica nor you.
A Tucket sounds.
Lor. Your husband is at hand, I heare his Trumpet, We are no tell-tales Madam, feare you not
Por. This night methinkes is but the daylight sicke, It lookes a little paler, ’tis a day,
Such as the day is, when the Sun is hid. Enter Bassanio, Anthonio, Gratiano, and their Followers.
Bas. We should hold day with the Antipodes, If you would walke in absence of the sunne
Por. Let me giue light, but let me not be light, For a light wife doth make a heauie husband, And neuer be Bassanio so for me,
But God sort all: you are welcome home my Lord
Bass. I thanke you Madam, giue welcom to my friend This is the man, this is Anthonio,
To whom I am so infinitely bound
Por. You should in all sence be much bound to him, For as I heare he was much bound for you
Anth. No more then I am wel acquitted of
Por. Sir, you are verie welcome to our house: It must appeare in other waies then words, Therefore I scant this breathing curtesie
Gra. By yonder Moone I sweare you do me wrong, Infaith I gaue it to the Iudges Clearke, Would he were gelt that had it for my part, Since you do take it Loue so much at hart
Por. A quarrel hoe alreadie, what’s the matter? Gra. About a hoope of Gold, a paltry Ring That she did giue me, whose Poesie was
For all the world like Cutlers Poetry Vpon a knife; Loue mee, and leaue mee not
Ner. What talke you of the Poesie or the valew: You swore to me when I did giue it you,
That you would weare it til the houre of death, And that it should lye with you in your graue, Though not for me, yet for your vehement oaths, You should haue beene respectiue and haue kept it. Gaue it a Iudges Clearke: but wel I know The Clearke wil nere weare haire on’s face that had it
Gra. He wil, and if he liue to be a man
Nerrissa. I, if a Woman liue to be a man
Gra. Now by this hand I gaue it to a youth, A kinde of boy, a little scrubbed boy,
No higher then thy selfe, the Iudges Clearke, A prating boy that begg’d it as a Fee,
I could not for my heart deny it him
Por. You were too blame, I must be plaine with you, To part so slightly with your wiues first gift, A thing stucke on with oathes vpon your finger, And so riueted with faith vnto your flesh. I gaue my Loue a Ring, and made him sweare Neuer to part with it, and heere he stands: I dare be sworne for him, he would not leaue it, Nor plucke it from his finger, for the wealth That the world masters. Now in faith Gratiano, You giue your wife too vnkinde a cause of greefe, And ’twere to me I should be mad at it
Bass. Why I were best to cut my left hand off, And sweare I lost the Ring defending it
Gra. My Lord Bassanio gaue his Ring away Vnto the Iudge that beg’d it, and indeede Deseru’d it too: and then the Boy his Clearke That tooke some paines in writing, he begg’d mine, And neyther man nor master would take ought But the two Rings
Por. What Ring gaue you my Lord?
Not that I hope which you receiu’d of me
Bass. If I could adde a lie vnto a fault, I would deny it: but you see my finger
Hath not the Ring vpon it, it is gone
Por. Euen so voide is your false heart of truth. By heauen I wil nere come in your bed
Vntil I see the Ring
Ner. Nor I in yours, til I againe see mine
Bass. Sweet Portia,
If you did know to whom I gaue the Ring, If you did know for whom I gaue the Ring, And would conceiue for what I gaue the Ring, And how vnwillingly I left the Ring,
When nought would be accepted but the Ring, You would abate the strength of your displeasure? Por. If you had knowne the vertue of the Ring, Or halfe her worthinesse that gaue the Ring, Or your owne honour to containe the Ring, You would not then haue parted with the Ring: What man is there so much vnreasonable,
If you had pleas’d to haue defended it With any termes of Zeale: wanted the modestie To vrge the thing held as a ceremonie:
Nerrissa teaches me what to beleeue, Ile die for’t, but some Woman had the Ring? Bass. No by mine honor Madam, by my soule No Woman had it, but a ciuill Doctor,
Which did refuse three thousand Ducates of me, And beg’d the Ring; the which I did denie him, And suffer’d him to go displeas’d away:
Euen he that had held vp the verie life Of my deere friend. What should I say sweete Lady? I was inforc’d to send it after him,
I was beset with shame and curtesie, My honor would not let ingratitude
So much besmeare it. Pardon me good Lady, And by these blessed Candles of the night, Had you bene there, I thinke you would haue beg’d The Ring of me, to giue the worthie Doctor? Por. Let not that Doctor ere come neere my house, Since he hath got the iewell that I loued, And that which you did sweare to keepe for me, I will become as liberall as you,
Ile not deny him any thing I haue,
No, not my body, nor my husbands bed: Know him I shall, I am well sure of it.
Lie not a night from home. Watch me like Argos, If you doe not, if I be left alone,
Now by mine honour which is yet mine owne, Ile haue the Doctor for my bedfellow
Nerrissa. And I his Clarke: therefore be well aduis’d How you doe leaue me to mine owne protection
Gra. Well, doe you so: let not me take him then, For if I doe, ile mar the yong Clarks pen
Ant. I am th’ vnhappy subiect of these quarrels
Por. Sir, grieue not you,
You are welcome notwithstanding
Bas. Portia, forgiue me this enforced wrong, And in the hearing of these manie friends I sweare to thee, euen by thine owne faire eyes Wherein I see my selfe
Por. Marke you but that?
In both my eyes he doubly sees himselfe: In each eye one, sweare by your double selfe, And there’s an oath of credit
Bas. Nay, but heare me.
Pardon this fault, and by my soule I sweare I neuer more will breake an oath with thee
Anth. I once did lend my bodie for thy wealth, Which but for him that had your husbands ring Had quite miscarried. I dare be bound againe, My soule vpon the forfeit, that your Lord Will neuer more breake faith aduisedlie
Por. Then you shall be his suretie: giue him this, And bid him keepe it better then the other
Ant. Heere Lord Bassanio, swear to keep this ring
Bass. By heauen it is the same I gaue the Doctor
Por. I had it of him: pardon Bassanio, For by this ring the Doctor lay with me
Ner. And pardon me my gentle Gratiano, For that same scrubbed boy the Doctors Clarke In liew of this, last night did lye with me
Gra. Why this is like the mending of high waies In Sommer, where the waies are faire enough: What, are we Cuckolds ere we haue deseru’d it
Por. Speake not so grossely, you are all amaz’d; Heere is a letter, reade it at your leysure, It comes from Padua from Bellario,
There you shall finde that Portia was the Doctor, Nerrissa there her Clarke. Lorenzo heere Shall witnesse I set forth as soone as you, And but eu’n now return’d: I haue not yet Entred my house. Anthonio you are welcome, And I haue better newes in store for you Then you expect: vnseale this letter soone, There you shall finde three of your Argosies Are richly come to harbour sodainlie.
You shall not know by what strange accident I chanced on this letter
Antho. I am dumbe
Bass. Were you the Doctor, and I knew you not? Gra. Were you the Clark that is to make me cuckold
Ner. I, but the Clark that neuer meanes to doe it, Vnlesse he liue vntill he be a man
Bass. (Sweet Doctor) you shall be my bedfellow, When I am absent, then lie with my wife
An. (Sweet Ladie) you haue giuen me life & liuing; For heere I reade for certaine that my ships Are safelie come to Rode
Por. How now Lorenzo?
My Clarke hath some good comforts to for you
Ner. I, and Ile giue them him without a fee. There doe I giue to you and Iessica
From the rich Iewe, a speciall deed of gift After his death, of all he dies possess’d of
Loren. Faire Ladies you drop Manna in the way Of starued people
Por. It is almost morning,
And yet I am sure you are not satisfied Of these euents at full. Let vs goe in,
And charge vs there vpon intergatories, And we will answer all things faithfully
Gra. Let it be so, the first intergatory That my Nerrissa shall be sworne on, is, Whether till the next night she had rather stay, Or goe to bed, now being two houres to day, But were the day come, I should wish it darke, Till I were couching with the Doctors Clarke. Well, while I liue, Ile feare no other thing So sore, as keeping safe Nerrissas ring.
FINIS. The Merchant of Venice.