Strife (Play in the First Series) by John Galsworthy

This etext was produced by David Widger PLAYS By John Galsworthy FIRST SERIES THE SILVER BOX JOY STRIFE STRIFE A DRAMA IN THREE ACTS PERSONS OF THE PLAY JOHN ANTHONY, Chairman of the Trenartha Tin Plate Works EDGAR ANTHONY, his Son FREDERIC H. WILDER, | WILLIAM SCANTLEBURY,| Directors Of the same OLIVER WANKLIN, | HENRY
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  • 1909
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This etext was produced by David Widger

PLAYS
By John Galsworthy

FIRST SERIES
THE SILVER BOX
JOY
STRIFE

STRIFE

A DRAMA IN THREE ACTS

PERSONS OF THE PLAY

JOHN ANTHONY, Chairman of the Trenartha Tin Plate Works EDGAR ANTHONY, his Son

FREDERIC H. WILDER, |
WILLIAM SCANTLEBURY,| Directors Of the same OLIVER WANKLIN, |

HENRY TENCH, Secretary of the same
FRANCIS UNDERWOOD, C.E., Manager of the same SIMON HARNESS, a Trades Union official

DAVID ROBERTS, |
JAMES GREEN, |
JOHN BULGIN, | the workmen’s committee HENRY THOMAS, |
GEORGE ROUS, |

HENRY ROUS, |
LEWIS, |
JAGO, |
EVANS, | workman at the Trenartha Tin Plate Works A BLACKSMITH, |
DAVIES, |
A RED-HAIRED YOUTH. |
BROWN |

FROST, valet to John Anthony
ENID UNDERWOOD, Wife of Francis Underwood, daughter of John Anthony ANNIE ROBERTS, wife of David Roberts
MADGE THOMAS, daughter of Henry Thomas MRS. ROUS, mother of George and Henry Rous MRS. BULGIN, wife of John Bulgin
MRS. YEO, wife of a workman
A PARLOURMAID to the Underwoods
JAN, Madge’s brother, a boy of ten
A CROWD OF MEN ON STRIKE

ACT I. The dining-room of the Manager’s house.

ACT II,
SCENE I. The kitchen of the Roberts’s cottage near the works. SCENE II. A space outside the works.

ACT III. The drawing-room of the Manager’s house.

The action takes place on February 7th between the hours of noon and six in the afternoon, close to the Trenartha Tin Plate Works, on the borders of England and Wales, where a strike has been in progress throughout the winter.

ACT I

It is noon. In the Underwoods’ dining-room a bright fire is burning. On one side of the fireplace are double-doors leading to the drawing-room, on the other side a door leading to the hall. In the centre of the room a long dining-table without a cloth is set out as a Board table. At the head of it, in the Chairman’s seat, sits JOHN ANTHONY, an old man, big, clean- shaven, and high-coloured, with thick white hair, and thick dark eyebrows. His movements are rather slow and feeble, but his eyes are very much alive. There is a glass of water by his side. On his right sits his son EDGAR, an earnest-looking man of thirty, reading a newspaper. Next him WANKLIN, a man with jutting eyebrows, and silver-streaked light hair, is bending over transfer papers. TENCH, the Secretary, a short and rather humble, nervous man, with side whiskers, stands helping him. On WANKLIN’S right sits UNDERWOOD, the Manager, a quiet man, with along, stiff jaw, and steady eyes. Back to the fire is SCANTLEBURY, a very large, pale, sleepy man, with grey hair, rather bald. Between him and the Chairman are two empty chairs.

WILDER. [Who is lean, cadaverous, and complaining, with drooping grey moustaches, stands before the fire.] I say, this fire’s the devil! Can I have a screen, Tench?

SCANTLEBURY. A screen, ah!

TENCH. Certainly, Mr. Wilder. [He looks at UNDERWOOD.] That is– perhaps the Manager–perhaps Mr. Underwood—-

SCANTLEBURY. These fireplaces of yours, Underwood—-

UNDERWOOD. [Roused from studying some papers.] A screen? Rather! I’m sorry. [He goes to the door with a little smile.] We’re not accustomed to complaints of too much fire down here just now.

[He speaks as though he holds a pipe between his teeth, slowly, ironically.]

WILDER. [In an injured voice.] You mean the men. H’m!

[UNDERWOOD goes out.]

SCANTLEBURY. Poor devils!

WILDER. It’s their own fault, Scantlebury.

EDGAR. [Holding out his paper.] There’s great distress among them, according to the Trenartha News.

WILDER. Oh, that rag! Give it to Wanklin. Suit his Radical views. They call us monsters, I suppose. The editor of that rubbish ought to be shot.

EDGAR. [Reading.] “If the Board of worthy gentlemen who control the Trenartha Tin Plate Works from their arm-chairs in London would condescend to come and see for themselves the conditions prevailing amongst their work-people during this strike—-“

WILDER. Well, we have come.

EDGAR. [Continuing.] “We cannot believe that even their leg-of- mutton hearts would remain untouched.”

[WANKLIN takes the paper from him.]

WILDER. Ruffian! I remember that fellow when he had n’t a penny to his name; little snivel of a chap that’s made his way by black- guarding everybody who takes a different view to himself.

[ANTHONY says something that is not heard.]

WILDER. What does your father say?

EDGAR. He says “The kettle and the pot.”

WILDER. H’m!

[He sits down next to SCANTLEBURY.]

SCANTLEBURY. [Blowing out his cheeks.] I shall boil if I don’t get that screen.

[UNDERWOOD and ENID enter with a screen, which they place before the fire. ENID is tall; she has a small, decided face, and is twenty-eight years old.]

ENID. Put it closer, Frank. Will that do, Mr. Wilder? It’s the highest we’ve got.

WILDER. Thanks, capitally.

SCANTLEBURY. [Turning, with a sigh of pleasure.] Ah! Merci, Madame!

ENID. Is there anything else you want, Father? [ANTHONY shakes his head.] Edgar–anything?

EDGAR. You might give me a “J” nib, old girl.

ENID. There are some down there by Mr. Scantlebury.

SCANTLEBURY. [Handing a little box of nibs.] Ah! your brother uses “J’s.” What does the manager use? [With expansive politeness.] What does your husband use, Mrs. Underwood?

UNDERWOOD. A quill!

SCANTLEBURY. The homely product of the goose. [He holds out quills.]

UNDERWOOD. [Drily.] Thanks, if you can spare me one. [He takes a quill.] What about lunch, Enid?

ENID. [Stopping at the double-doors and looking back.] We’re going to have lunch here, in the drawing-room, so you need n’t hurry with your meeting.

[WANKLIN and WILDER bow, and she goes out.]

SCANTLEBURY. [Rousing himself, suddenly.] Ah! Lunch! That hotel– Dreadful! Did you try the whitebait last night? Fried fat!

WILDER. Past twelve! Are n’t you going to read the minutes, Tench?

TENCH. [Looking for the CHAIRMAN’S assent, reads in a rapid and monotonous voice.] “At a Board Meeting held the 31st of January at the Company’s Offices, 512, Cannon Street, E.C. Present–Mr. Anthony in the chair, Messrs. F. H. Wilder, William Scantlebury, Oliver Wanklin, and Edgar Anthony. Read letters from the Manager dated January 20th, 23d, 25th, 28th, relative to the strike at the Company’s Works. Read letters to the Manager of January 21st, 24th, 26th, 29th. Read letter from Mr. Simon Harness, of the Central Union, asking for an interview with the Board. Read letter from the Men’s Committee, signed David Roberts, James Green, John Bulgin, Henry Thomas, George Rous, desiring conference with the Board; and it was resolved that a special Board Meeting be called for February 7th at the house of the Manager, for the purpose of discussing the situation with Mr. Simon Harness and the Men’s Committee on the spot. Passed twelve transfers, signed and sealed nine certificates and one balance certificate.”

[He pushes the book over to the CHAIRMAN.]

ANTHONY. [With a heavy sigh.] If it’s your pleasure, sign the same.

[He signs, moving the pen with difficulty. ]

WANKLIN. What’s the Union’s game, Tench? They have n’t made up their split with the men. What does Harness want this interview for?

TENCH. Hoping we shall come to a compromise, I think, sir; he’s having a meeting with the men this afternoon.

WILDER. Harness! Ah! He’s one of those cold-blooded, cool-headed chaps. I distrust them. I don’t know that we didn’t make a mistake to come down. What time’ll the men be here?

UNDERWOOD. Any time now.

WILDER. Well, if we’re not ready, they’ll have to wait–won’t do them any harm to cool their heels a bit.

SCANTLEBURY. [Slowly.] Poor devils! It’s snowing. What weather!

UNDERWOOD. [With meaning slowness.] This house’ll be the warmest place they’ve been in this winter.

WILDER. Well, I hope we’re going to settle this business in time for me to catch the 6.30. I’ve got to take my wife to Spain to-morrow. [Chattily.] My old father had a strike at his works in ’69 ; just such a February as this. They wanted to shoot him.

WANKLIN. What! In the close season?

WILDER. By George, there was no close season for employers then! He used to go down to his office with a pistol in his pocket.

SCANTLEBURY. [Faintly alarmed.] Not seriously?

WILDER. [With finality.] Ended in his shootin’ one of ’em in the legs.

SCANTLEBURY. [Unavoidably feeling his thigh.] No? Which?

ANTHONY. [Lifting the agenda paper.] To consider the policy of the Board in relation to the strike. [There is a silence.]

WILDER. It’s this infernal three-cornered duel–the Union, the men, and ourselves.

WANKLIN. We need n’t consider the Union.

WILDER. It’s my experience that you’ve always got to, consider the Union, confound them! If the Union were going to withdraw their support from the men, as they’ve done, why did they ever allow them to strike at all?

EDGAR. We’ve had that over a dozen times.

WILDER. Well, I’ve never understood it! It’s beyond me. They talk of the engineers’ and furnace-men’s demands being excessive–so they are–but that’s not enough to make the Union withdraw their support. What’s behind it?

UNDERWOOD. Fear of strikes at Harper’s and Tinewell’s.

WILDER. [With triumph.] Afraid of other strikes–now, that’s a reason! Why could n’t we have been told that before?

UNDERWOOD. You were.

TENCH. You were absent from the Board that day, sir.

SCANTLEBURY. The men must have seen they had no chance when the Union gave them up. It’s madness.

UNDERWOOD. It’s Roberts!

WILDER. Just our luck, the men finding a fanatical firebrand like Roberts for leader. [A pause.]

WANKLIN. [Looking at ANTHONY.] Well?

WILDER. [Breaking in fussily.] It’s a regular mess. I don’t like the position we’re in; I don’t like it; I’ve said so for a long time. [Looking at WANKLIN.] When Wanklin and I came down here before Christmas it looked as if the men must collapse. You thought so too, Underwood.

UNDERWOOD. Yes.

WILDER. Well, they haven’t! Here we are, going from bad to worse losing our customers–shares going down!

SCANTLEBURY. [Shaking his head.] M’m! M’m!

WANKLIN. What loss have we made by this strike, Tench?

TENCH. Over fifty thousand, sir!

SCANTLEBURY, [Pained.] You don’t say!

WILDER. We shall never got it back.

TENCH. No, sir.

WILDER. Who’d have supposed the men were going to stick out like this–nobody suggested that. [Looking angrily at TENCH.]

SCANTLEBURY. [Shaking his head.] I’ve never liked a fight–never shall.

ANTHONY. No surrender! [All look at him.]

WILDER. Who wants to surrender? [ANTHONY looks at him.] I–I want to act reasonably. When the men sent Roberts up to the Board in December–then was the time. We ought to have humoured him; instead of that the Chairman–[Dropping his eyes before ANTHONY’S]–er–we snapped his head off. We could have got them in then by a little tact.

ANTHONY. No compromise!

WILDER. There we are! This strike’s been going on now since October, and as far as I can see it may last another six months. Pretty mess we shall be in by then. The only comfort is, the men’ll be in a worse!

EDGAR. [To UNDERWOOD.] What sort of state are they really in, Frank?

UNDERWOOD. [Without expression.] Damnable!

WILDER. Well, who on earth would have thought they’d have held on like this without support!

UNDERWOOD. Those who know them.

WILDER. I defy any one to know them! And what about tin? Price going up daily. When we do get started we shall have to work off our contracts at the top of the market.

WANKLIN. What do you say to that, Chairman?

ANTHONY. Can’t be helped!

WILDER. Shan’t pay a dividend till goodness knows when!

SCANTLEBURY. [With emphasis.] We ought to think of the shareholders. [Turning heavily.] Chairman, I say we ought to think of the shareholders. [ANTHONY mutters.]

SCANTLEBURY. What’s that?

TENCH. The Chairman says he is thinking of you, sir.

SCANTLEBURY. [Sinking back into torpor.] Cynic!

WILDER. It’s past a joke. I don’t want to go without a dividend for years if the Chairman does. We can’t go on playing ducks and drakes with the Company’s prosperity.

EDGAR. [Rather ashamedly.] I think we ought to consider the men.

[All but ANTHONY fidget in their seats.]

SCANTLEBURY. [With a sigh.] We must n’t think of our private feelings, young man. That’ll never do.

EDGAR. [Ironically.] I’m not thinking of our feelings. I’m thinking of the men’s.

WILDER. As to that–we’re men of business.

WANKLIN. That is the little trouble.

EDGAR. There’s no necessity for pushing things so far in the face of all this suffering–it’s–it’s cruel.

[No one speaks, as though EDGAR had uncovered something whose existence no man prizing his self-respect could afford to recognise.]

WANKLIN. [With an ironical smile.] I’m afraid we must n’t base our policy on luxuries like sentiment.

EDGAR. I detest this state of things.

ANTHONY. We did n’t seek the quarrel.

EDGAR. I know that sir, but surely we’ve gone far enough.

ANTHONY. No. [All look at one another.]

WANKLIN. Luxuries apart, Chairman, we must look out what we’re doing.

ANTHONY. Give way to the men once and there’ll be no end to it.

WANKLIN. I quite agree, but—-

[ANTHONY Shakes his head]

You make it a question of bedrock principle?

[ANTHONY nods.]

Luxuries again, Chairman! The shares are below par.

WILDER. Yes, and they’ll drop to a half when we pass the next dividend.

SCANTLEBURY. [With alarm.] Come, come! Not so bad as that.

WILDER. [Grimly.] You’ll see! [Craning forward to catch ANTHONY’S speech.] I didn’t catch—-

TENCH. [Hesitating.] The Chairman says, sir, “Fais que–que–devra.”

EDGAR. [Sharply.] My father says: “Do what we ought–and let things rip.”

WILDER. Tcha!

SCANTLEBURY. [Throwing up his hands.] The Chairman’s a Stoic–I always said the Chairman was a Stoic.

WILDER. Much good that’ll do us.

WANKLIN. [Suavely.] Seriously, Chairman, are you going to let the ship sink under you, for the sake of–a principle?

ANTHONY. She won’t sink.

SCANTLEBURY. [With alarm.] Not while I’m on the Board I hope.

ANTHONY. [With a twinkle.] Better rat, Scantlebury.

SCANTLEBURY. What a man!

ANTHONY. I’ve always fought them; I’ve never been beaten yet.

WANKLIN. We’re with you in theory, Chairman. But we’re not all made of cast-iron.

ANTHONY. We’ve only to hold on.

WILDER. [Rising and going to the fire.] And go to the devil as fast as we can!

ANTHONY. Better go to the devil than give in!

WILDER. [Fretfully.] That may suit you, sir, but it does n’t suit me, or any one else I should think.

[ANTHONY looks him in the face-a silence.]

EDGAR. I don’t see how we can get over it that to go on like this means starvation to the men’s wives and families.

[WILDER turns abruptly to the fire, and SCANTLEBURY puts out a hand to push the idea away.]

WANKLIN. I’m afraid again that sounds a little sentimental.

EDGAR. Men of business are excused from decency, you think?

WILDER. Nobody’s more sorry for the men than I am, but if they [lashing himself] choose to be such a pig-headed lot, it’s nothing to do with us; we’ve quite enough on our hands to think of ourselves and the shareholders.

EDGAR. [Irritably.] It won’t kill the shareholders to miss a dividend or two; I don’t see that that’s reason enough for knuckling under.

SCANTLEBURY. [With grave discomfort.] You talk very lightly of your dividends, young man; I don’t know where we are.

WILDER. There’s only one sound way of looking at it. We can’t go on ruining ourselves with this strike.

ANTHONY. No caving in!

SCANTLEBURY. [With a gesture of despair.] Look at him!

[ANTHONY’S leaning back in his chair. They do look at him.]

WILDER. [Returning to his seat.] Well, all I can say is, if that’s the Chairman’s view, I don’t know what we’ve come down here for.

ANTHONY. To tell the men that we’ve got nothing for them—- [Grimly.] They won’t believe it till they hear it spoken in plain English.

WILDER. H’m! Shouldn’t be a bit surprised if that brute Roberts had n’t got us down here with the very same idea. I hate a man with a grievance.

EDGAR. [Resentfully.] We didn’t pay him enough for his discovery. I always said that at the time.

WILDER. We paid him five hundred and a bonus of two hundred three years later. If that’s not enough! What does he want, for goodness’ sake?

TENCH. [Complainingly.] Company made a hundred thousand out of his brains, and paid him seven hundred–that’s the way he goes on, sir.

WILDER. The man’s a rank agitator! Look here, I hate the Unions. But now we’ve got Harness here let’s get him to settle the whole thing.

ANTHONY. No! [Again they look at him.]

UNDERWOOD. Roberts won’t let the men assent to that.

SCANTLEBURY. Fanatic! Fanatic!

WILDER. [Looking at ANTHONY.] And not the only one! [FROST enters from the hall.]

FROST. [To ANTHONY.] Mr. Harness from the Union, waiting, sir. The men are here too, sir.

[ANTHONY nods. UNDERWOOD goes to the door, returning with HARNESS, a pale, clean-shaven man with hollow cheeks, quick eyes, and lantern jaw–FROST has retired.]

UNDERWOOD. [Pointing to TENCH’S chair.] Sit there next the Chairman, Harness, won’t you?

[At HARNESS’S appearance, the Board have drawn together, as it were, and turned a little to him, like cattle at a dog.]

HARNESS. [With a sharp look round, and a bow.] Thanks! [He sits— his accent is slightly nasal.] Well, gentlemen, we’re going to do business at last, I hope.

WILDER. Depends on what you call business, Harness. Why don’t you make the men come in?

HARNESS. [Sardonically.] The men are far more in the right than you are. The question with us is whether we shan’t begin to support them again.

[He ignores them all, except ANTHONY, to whom he turns in speaking.]

ANTHONY. Support them if you like; we’ll put in free labour and have done with it.

HARNESS. That won’t do, Mr. Anthony. You can’t get free labour, and you know it.

ANTHONY. We shall see that.

HARNESS. I’m quite frank with you. We were forced to withhold our support from your men because some of their demands are in excess of current rates. I expect to make them withdraw those demands to-day: if they do, take it straight from me, gentlemen, we shall back them again at once. Now, I want to see something fixed upon before I go back to-night. Can’t we have done with this old-fashioned tug-of-war business? What good’s it doing you? Why don’t you recognise once for all that these people are men like yourselves, and want what’s good for them just as you want what’s good for you [Bitterly.] Your motor-cars, and champagne, and eight-course dinners.

ANTHONY. If the men will come in, we’ll do something for them.

HARNESS. [Ironically.] Is that your opinion too, sir–and yours– and yours? [The Directors do not answer.] Well, all I can say is: It’s a kind of high and mighty aristocratic tone I thought we’d grown out of–seems I was mistaken.

ANTHONY. It’s the tone the men use. Remains to be seen which can hold out longest–they without us, or we without them.

HARNESS. As business men, I wonder you’re not ashamed of this waste of force, gentlemen. You know what it’ll all end in.

ANTHONY. What?

HARNESS. Compromise–it always does.

SCANTLEBURY. Can’t you persuade the men that their interests are the same as ours?

HARNESS. [Turning, ironically.] I could persuade them of that, sir, if they were.

WILDER. Come, Harness, you’re a clever man, you don’t believe all the Socialistic claptrap that’s talked nowadays. There ‘s no real difference between their interests and ours.

HARNESS. There’s just one very simple question I’d like to put to you. Will you pay your men one penny more than they force you to pay them?

[WILDER is silent.]

WANKLIN. [Chiming in.] I humbly thought that not to pay more than was necessary was the A B C of commerce.

HARNESS. [With irony.] Yes, that seems to be the A B C of commerce, sir; and the A B C of commerce is between your interests and the men’s.

SCANTLEBURY. [Whispering.] We ought to arrange something.

HARNESS. [Drily.] Am I to understand then, gentlemen, that your Board is going to make no concessions?

[WANKLIN and WILDER bend forward as if to speak, but stop.]

ANTHONY. [Nodding.] None.

[WANKLIN and WILDER again bend forward, and SCANTLEBURY gives an unexpected grunt.]

HARNESS. You were about to say something, I believe?

[But SCANTLEBURY says nothing.]

EDGAR. [Looking up suddenly.] We’re sorry for the state of the men.

HARNESS. [Icily.] The men have no use for your pity, sir. What they want is justice.

ANTHONY. Then let them be just.

HARNESS. For that word “just” read “humble,” Mr. Anthony. Why should they be humble? Barring the accident of money, are n’t they as good men as you?

ANTHONY. Cant!

HARNESS. Well, I’ve been five years in America. It colours a man’s notions.

SCANTLEBURY. [Suddenly, as though avenging his uncompleted grunt.] Let’s have the men in and hear what they’ve got to say!

[ANTHONY nods, and UNDERWOOD goes out by the single door.]

HARNESS. [Drily.] As I’m to have an interview with them this afternoon, gentlemen, I ‘ll ask you to postpone your final decision till that’s over.

[Again ANTHONY nods, and taking up his glass drinks.]

[UNDERWOOD comes in again, followed by ROBERTS, GREEN, BULGIN, THOMAS, ROUS. They file in, hat in hand, and stand silent in a row. ROBERTS is lean, of middle height, with a slight stoop. He has a little rat-gnawn, brown-grey beard, moustaches, high cheek-bones, hollow cheeks, small fiery eyes. He wears an old and grease-stained blue serge suit, and carries an old bowler hat. He stands nearest the Chairman. GREEN, next to him, has a clean, worn face, with a small grey goatee beard and drooping moustaches, iron spectacles, and mild, straightforward eyes. He wears an overcoat, green with age, and a linen collar. Next to him is BULGIN, a tall, strong man, with a dark moustache, and fighting jaw, wearing a red muffler, who keeps changing his cap from one hand to the other. Next to him is THOMAS, an old man with a grey moustache, full beard, and weatherbeaten, bony face, whose overcoat discloses a lean, plucked-looking neck. On his right, ROUS, the youngest of the five, looks like a soldier; he has a glitter in his eyes.]

UNDERWOOD. [Pointing.] There are some chairs there against the wall, Roberts; won’t you draw them up and sit down?

ROBERTS. Thank you, Mr. Underwood–we’ll stand in the presence of the Board. [He speaks in a biting and staccato voice, rolling his r’s, pronouncing his a’s like an Italian a, and his consonants short and crisp.] How are you, Mr. Harness? Did n’t expect t’ have the pleasure of seeing you till this afternoon.

HARNESS. [Steadily.] We shall meet again then, Roberts.

ROBERTS. Glad to hear that; we shall have some news for you to take to your people.

ANTHONY. What do the men want?

ROBERTS. [Acidly.] Beg pardon, I don’t quite catch the Chairman’s remark.

TENCH. [From behind the Chairman’s chair.] The Chairman wishes to know what the men have to say.

ROBERTS. It’s what the Board has to say we’ve come to hear. It’s for the Board to speak first.

ANTHONY. The Board has nothing to say.

ROBERTS. [Looking along the line of men.] In that case we’re wasting the Directors’ time. We’ll be taking our feet off this pretty carpet.

[He turns, the men move slowly, as though hypnotically influenced.]

WANKLIN: [Suavely.] Come, Roberts, you did n’t give us this long cold journey for the pleasure of saying that.

THOMAS. [A pure Welshman.] No, sir, an’ what I say iss—-

ROBERTS.[Bitingly.] Go on, Henry Thomas, go on. You ‘re better able to speak to the–Directors than me. [THOMAS is silent.]

TENCH. The Chairman means, Roberts, that it was the men who asked for the conference, the Board wish to hear what they have to say.

ROBERTS. Gad! If I was to begin to tell ye all they have to say, I wouldn’t be finished to-day. And there’d be some that’d wish they’d never left their London palaces.

HARNESS. What’s your proposition, man? Be reasonable.

ROBERTS. You want reason Mr. Harness? Take a look round this afternoon before the meeting. [He looks at the men; no sound escapes them.] You’ll see some very pretty scenery.

HARNESS. All right my friend; you won’t put me off.

ROBERTS. [To the men.] We shan’t put Mr. Harness off. Have some champagne with your lunch, Mr. Harness; you’ll want it, sir.

HARNESS. Come, get to business, man!

THOMAS. What we’re asking, look you, is just simple justice.

ROBERTS. [Venomously.] Justice from London? What are you talking about, Henry Thomas? Have you gone silly? [THOMAS is silent.] We know very well what we are–discontented dogs–never satisfied. What did the Chairman tell me up in London? That I did n’t know what I was talking about. I was a foolish, uneducated man, that knew nothing of the wants of the men I spoke for,

EDGAR. Do please keep to the point.

ANTHONY. [Holding up his hand.] There can only be one master, Roberts.

ROBERTS. Then, be Gad, it’ll be us.

[There is a silence; ANTHONY and ROBERTS stare at one another.]

UNDERWOOD. If you’ve nothing to say to the Directors, Roberts, perhaps you ‘ll let Green or Thomas speak for the men.

[GREEN and THOMAS look anxiously at ROBERTS, at each other, and the other men.]

GREEN. [An Englishman.] If I’d been listened to, gentlemen—-

THOMAS. What I’fe got to say iss what we’fe all got to say—-

ROBERTS. Speak for yourself, Henry Thomas.

SCANTLEBURY. [With a gesture of deep spiritual discomfort.] Let the poor men call their souls their own!

ROBERTS. Aye, they shall keep their souls, for it’s not much body that you’ve left them, Mr. [with biting emphasis, as though the word were an offence] Scantlebury! [To the men.] Well, will you speak, or shall I speak for you?

ROUS. [Suddenly.] Speak out, Roberts, or leave it to others.

ROBERTS. [Ironically.] Thank you, George Rous. [Addressing himself to ANTHONY.] The Chairman and Board of Directors have honoured us by leaving London and coming all this way to hear what we’ve got to say; it would not be polite to keep them any longer waiting.

WILDER. Well, thank God for that!

ROBERTS. Ye will not dare to thank Him when I have done, Mr. Wilder, for all your piety. May be your God up in London has no time to listen to the working man. I’m told He is a wealthy God; but if he listens to what I tell Him, He will know more than ever He learned in Kensington.

HARNESS. Come, Roberts, you have your own God. Respect the God of other men.

ROBERTS. That’s right, sir. We have another God down here; I doubt He is rather different to Mr. Wilder’s. Ask Henry Thomas; he will tell you whether his God and Mr. Wilder’s are the same.

[THOMAS lifts his hand, and cranes his head as though to prophesy.]

WANKLIN. For goodness’ sake, let ‘s keep to the point, Roberts.

ROBERTS. I rather think it is the point, Mr. Wanklin. If you can get the God of Capital to walk through the streets of Labour, and pay attention to what he sees, you’re a brighter man than I take you for, for all that you’re a Radical.

ANTHONY. Attend to me, Roberts! [Roberts is silent.] You are here to speak for the men, as I am here to speak for the Board.

[He looks slowly round.]

[WILDER, WANKLIN, and SCANTLEBURY make movements of uneasiness, and EDGAR gazes at the floor. A faint smile comes on HARNESS’S face.]

Now then, what is it?

ROBERTS. Right, Sir!

[Throughout all that follows, he and ANTHONY look fixedly upon each other. Men and Directors show in their various ways suppressed uneasiness, as though listening to words that they themselves would not have spoken.]

The men can’t afford to travel up to London; and they don’t trust you to believe what they say in black and white. They know what the post is [he darts a look at UNDERWOOD and TENCH], and what Directors’ meetings are: “Refer it to the manager–let the manager advise us on the men’s condition. Can we squeeze them a little more?”

UNDERWOOD. [In a low voice.] Don’t hit below the belt, Roberts!

ROBERTS. Is it below the belt, Mr. Underwood? The men know. When I came up to London, I told you the position straight. An’ what came of it? I was told I did n’t know what I was talkin’ about. I can’t afford to travel up to London to be told that again.

ANTHONY. What have you to say for the men?

ROBERTS. I have this to say–and first as to their condition. Ye shall ‘ave no need to go and ask your manager. Ye can’t squeeze them any more. Every man of us is well-nigh starving. [A surprised murmur rises from the men. ROBERTS looks round.] Ye wonder why I tell ye that? Every man of us is going short. We can’t be no worse off than we’ve been these weeks past. Ye need n’t think that by waiting yell drive us to come in. We’ll die first, the whole lot of us. The men have sent for ye to know, once and for all, whether ye are going to grant them their demands. I see the sheet of paper in the Secretary’s hand. [TENCH moves nervously.] That’s it, I think, Mr. Tench. It’s not very large.

TENCH. [Nodding.] Yes.

ROBERTS. There’s not one sentence of writing on that paper that we can do without.

[A movement amongst the men. ROBERTS turns on them sharply.]

Isn’t that so?

[The men assent reluctantly. ANTHONY takes from TENCH the paper and peruses it.]

Not one single sentence. All those demands are fair. We have not. asked anything that we are not entitled to ask. What I said up in London, I say again now: there is not anything on that piece of paper that a just man should not ask, and a just man give.

[A pause.]

ANTHONY. There is not one single demand on this paper that we will grant.

[In the stir that follows on these words, ROBERTS watches the Directors and ANTHONY the men. WILDER gets up abruptly and goes over to the fire.]

ROBERTS. D’ ye mean that?

ANTHONY. I do.

[WILDER at the fire makes an emphatic movement of disgust.]

ROBERTS. [Noting it, with dry intensity.] Ye best know whether the condition of the Company is any better than the condition of the men. [Scanning the Directors’ faces.] Ye best know whether ye can afford your tyranny–but this I tell ye: If ye think the men will give way the least part of an inch, ye’re making the worst mistake ye ever made. [He fixes his eyes on SCANTLEBURY.] Ye think because the Union is not supporting us–more shame to it!–that we’ll be coming on our knees to you one fine morning. Ye think because the men have got their wives an’ families to think of–that it’s just a question of a week or two—-

ANTHONY. It would be better if you did not speculate so much on what we think.

ROBERTS. Aye! It’s not much profit to us! I will say this for you, Mr. Anthony–ye know your own mind! [Staying at ANTHONY.] I can reckon on ye!

ANTHONY. [Ironically.] I am obliged to you!

ROBERTS. And I know mine. I tell ye this: The men will send their wives and families where the country will have to keep them; an’ they will starve sooner than give way. I advise ye, Mr. Anthony, to prepare yourself for the worst that can happen to your Company. We are not so ignorant as you might suppose. We know the way the cat is jumping. Your position is not all that it might be–not exactly!

ANTHONY. Be good enough to allow us to judge of our position for ourselves. Go back, and reconsider your own.

ROBERTS. [Stepping forward.] Mr. Anthony, you are not a young man now; from the time I remember anything ye have been an enemy to every man that has come into your works. I don’t say that ye’re a mean man, or a cruel man, but ye’ve grudged them the say of any word in their own fate. Ye’ve fought them down four times. I’ve heard ye say ye love a fight–mark my words–ye’re fighting the last fight yell ever fight

[TENCH touches ROBERTS’S sleeve.]

UNDERWOOD. Roberts! Roberts!

ROBERTS. Roberts! Roberts! I must n’t speak my mind to the Chairman, but the Chairman may speak his mind to me!

WILDER. What are things coming to?

ANTHONY, [With a grim smile at WILDER.] Go on, Roberts; say what you like!

ROBERTS. [After a pause.] I have no more to say.

ANTHONY. The meeting stands adjourned to five o’clock.

WANKLIN. [In a low voice to UNDERWOOD.] We shall never settle anything like this.

ROBERTS. [Bitingly.] We thank the Chairman and Board of Directors for their gracious hearing.

[He moves towards the door; the men cluster together stupefied; then ROUS, throwing up his head, passes ROBERTS and goes out. The others follow.]

ROBERTS. [With his hand on the door–maliciously.] Good day, gentlemen! [He goes out.]

HARNESS. [Ironically.] I congratulate you on the conciliatory spirit that’s been displayed. With your permission, gentlemen, I’ll be with you again at half-past five. Good morning!

[He bows slightly, rests his eyes on ANTHONY, who returns his stare unmoved, and, followed by UNDERWOOD, goes out. There is a moment of uneasy silence. UNDERWOOD reappears in the doorway.]

WILDER. [With emphatic disgust.] Well!

[The double-doors are opened.]

ENID. [Standing in the doorway.] Lunch is ready.

[EDGAR, getting up abruptly, walks out past his sister.]

WILDER. Coming to lunch, Scantlebury?

SCANTLEBURY. [Rising heavily.] I suppose so, I suppose so. It’s the only thing we can do.

[They go out through the double-doors.]

WANKLIN. [In a low voice.] Do you really mean to fight to a finish, Chairman?

[ANTHONY nods.]

WANKLIN. Take care! The essence of things is to know when to stop.

[ANTHONY does not answer.]

WANKLIN. [Very gravely.] This way disaster lies. The ancient Trojans were fools to your father, Mrs. Underwood. [He goes out through the double-doors.]

ENID. I want to speak to father, Frank.

[UNDERWOOD follows WANKLIN Out. TENCH, passing round the table, is restoring order to the scattered pens and papers.]

ENID. Are n’t you coming, Dad?

[ANTHONY Shakes his head. ENID looks meaningly at TENCH.]

ENID. Won’t you go and have some lunch, Mr. Tench?

TENCH. [With papers in his hand.] Thank you, ma’am, thank you! [He goes slowly, looking back.]

ENID. [Shutting the doors.] I do hope it’s settled, Father!

ANTHONY. No!

ENID. [Very disappointed.] Oh! Have n’t you done anything!

[ANTHONY shakes his head.]

ENID. Frank says they all want to come to a compromise, really, except that man Roberts.

ANTHONY. I don’t.

ENID. It’s such a horrid position for us. If you were the wife of the manager, and lived down here, and saw it all. You can’t realise, Dad!

ANTHONY. Indeed?

ENID. We see all the distress. You remember my maid Annie, who married Roberts? [ANTHONY nods.] It’s so wretched, her heart’s weak; since the strike began, she has n’t even been getting proper food. I know it for a fact, Father.

ANTHONY. Give her what she wants, poor woman!

ENID. Roberts won’t let her take anything from us.

ANTHONY. [Staring before him.] I can’t be answerable for the men’s obstinacy.

ENID. They’re all suffering. Father! Do stop it, for my sake!

ANTHONY. [With a keen look at her.] You don’t understand, my dear.

ENID. If I were on the Board, I’d do something.

ANTHONY. What would you do?

ENID. It’s because you can’t bear to give way. It’s so—-

ANTHONY. Well?

ENID. So unnecessary.

ANTHONY. What do you know about necessity? Read your novels, play your music, talk your talk, but don’t try and tell me what’s at the bottom of a struggle like this.

ENID. I live down here, and see it.

ANTHONY. What d’ you imagine stands between you and your class and these men that you’re so sorry for?

ENID. [Coldly.] I don’t know what you mean, Father.

ANTHONY. In a few years you and your children would be down in the condition they’re in, but for those who have the eyes to see things as they are and the backbone to stand up for themselves.

ENID. You don’t know the state the men are in.

ANTHONY. I know it well enough.

ENID. You don’t, Father; if you did, you would n’t

ANTHONY. It’s you who don’t know the simple facts of the position. What sort of mercy do you suppose you’d get if no one stood between you and the continual demands of labour? This sort of mercy– [He puts his hand up to his throat and squeezes it.] First would go your sentiments, my dear; then your culture, and your comforts would be going all the time!

ENID. I don’t believe in barriers between classes.

ANTHONY. You–don’t–believe–in–barriers–between the classes?

ENID. [Coldly.] And I don’t know what that has to do with this question.

ANTHONY. It will take a generation or two for you to understand.

ENID. It’s only you and Roberts, Father, and you know it!

[ANTHONY thrusts out his lower lip.]

It’ll ruin the Company.

ANTHONY. Allow me to judge of that.

ENID. [Resentfully.] I won’t stand by and let poor Annie Roberts suffer like this! And think of the children, Father! I warn you.

ANTHONY. [With a grim smile.] What do you propose to do?

ENID. That’s my affair.

[ANTHONY only looks at her.]

ENID. [In a changed voice, stroking his sleeve.] Father, you know you oughtn’t to have this strain on you–you know what Dr. Fisher said!

ANTHONY. No old man can afford to listen to old women.

ENID. But you have done enough, even if it really is such a matter of principle with you.

ANTHONY. You think so?

ENID. Don’t Dad! [Her face works.] You–you might think of us!

ANTHONY. I am.

ENID. It’ll break you down.

ANTHONY. [Slowly.] My dear, I am not going to funk; on that you may rely.

[Re-enter TENCH with papers; he glances at them, then plucking up courage.]

TENCH. Beg pardon, Madam, I think I’d rather see these papers were disposed of before I get my lunch.

[ENID, after an impatient glance at him, looks at her father, turns suddenly, and goes into the drawing-room.]

TENCH. [Holding the papers and a pen to ANTHONY, very nervously.] Would you sign these for me, please sir?

[ANTHONY takes the pen and signs.]

TENCH. [Standing with a sheet of blotting-paper behind EDGAR’S chair, begins speaking nervously.] I owe my position to you, sir.

ANTHONY. Well?

TENCH. I’m obliged to see everything that’s going on, sir; I–I depend upon the Company entirely. If anything were to happen to it, it’d be disastrous for me. [ANTHONY nods.] And, of course, my wife’s just had another; and so it makes me doubly anxious just now. And the rates are really terrible down our way.

ANTHONY. [With grim amusement.] Not more terrible than they are up mine.

TENCH. No, Sir? [Very nervously.] I know the Company means a great deal to you, sir.

ANTHONY. It does; I founded it.

TENCH. Yes, Sir. If the strike goes on it’ll be very serious. I think the Directors are beginning to realise that, sir.

ANTHONY. [Ironically.] Indeed?

TENCH. I know you hold very strong views, sir, and it’s always your habit to look things in the face; but I don’t think the Directors– like it, sir, now they–they see it.

ANTHONY. [Grimly.] Nor you, it seems.

TENCH. [With the ghost of a smile.] No, sir; of course I’ve got my children, and my wife’s delicate; in my position I have to think of these things.

[ANTHONY nods.]

It was n’t that I was going to say, sir, if you’ll excuse me—- [hesitates]

ANTHONY. Out with it, then!

TENCH. I know–from my own father, sir, that when you get on in life you do feel things dreadfully—-

ANTHONY. [Almost paternally.] Come, out with it, Trench!

TENCH. I don’t like to say it, sir.

ANTHONY. [Stonily.] You Must.

TENCH. [After a pause, desperately bolting it out.] I think the Directors are going to throw you over, sir.

ANTHONY. [Sits in silence.] Ring the bell!

[TENCH nervously rings the bell and stands by the fire.]

TENCH. Excuse me for saying such a thing. I was only thinking of you, sir.

[FROST enters from the hall, he comes to the foot of the table, and looks at ANTHONY; TENCH coveys his nervousness by arranging papers.]

ANTHONY. Bring me a whiskey and soda.

FROST. Anything to eat, sir?

[ANTHONY shakes his head. FROST goes to the sideboard, and prepares the drink.]

TENCH. [In a low voice, almost supplicating.] If you could see your way, sir, it would be a great relief to my mind, it would indeed. [He looks up at ANTHONY, who has not moved.] It does make me so very anxious. I haven’t slept properly for weeks, sir, and that’s a fact.

[ANTHONY looks in his face, then slowly shakes his head.]

[Disheartened.] No, Sir? [He goes on arranging papers.]

[FROST places the whiskey and salver and puts it down by ANTHONY’S right hand. He stands away, looking gravely at ANTHONY.]

FROST. Nothing I can get you, sir?

[ANTHONY shakes his head.]

You’re aware, sir, of what the doctor said, sir?

ANTHONY. I am.

[A pause. FROST suddenly moves closer to him, and speaks in a low voice.]

FROST. This strike, sir; puttin’ all this strain on you. Excuse me, sir, is it–is it worth it, sir?

[ANTHONY mutters some words that are inaudible.]

Very good, sir!

[He turns and goes out into the hall. TENCH makes two attempts to speak; but meeting his Chairman’s gaze he drops his eyes, and, turning dismally, he too goes out. ANTHONY is left alone. He grips the glass, tilts it, and drinks deeply; then sets it down with a deep and rumbling sigh, and leans back in his chair.]

The curtain falls.

ACT II

SCENE I

It is half-past three. In the kitchen of Roberts’s cottage a meagre little fire is burning. The room is clean and tidy, very barely furnished, with a brick floor and white-washed walls, much stained with smoke. There is a kettle on the fire. A door opposite the fireplace opens inward from a snowy street. On the wooden table are a cup and saucer, a teapot, knife, and plate of bread and cheese. Close to the fireplace in an old arm-chair, wrapped in a rug, sits MRS. ROBERTS, a thin and dark-haired woman about thirty-five, with patient eyes. Her hair is not done up, but tied back with a piece of ribbon. By the fire, too, is MRS. YEO; a red-haired, broad-faced person. Sitting near the table is MRS. ROUS, an old lady, ashen-white, with silver hair; by the door, standing, as if about to go, is MRS. BULGIN, a little pale, pinched-up woman. In a chair, with her elbows resting on the table, avid her face resting in her hands, sits MADGE THOMAS, a good-looking girl, of twenty-two, with high cheekbones, deep-set eyes, and dark untidy hair. She is listening to the talk, but she neither speaks nor moves.

MRS. YEO. So he give me a sixpence, and that’s the first bit o’ money I seen this week. There an’t much ‘eat to this fire. Come and warm yerself Mrs. Rous, you’re lookin’ as white as the snow, you are.

MRS. ROUS. [Shivering–placidly.] Ah! but the winter my old man was took was the proper winter. Seventy-nine that was, when none of you was hardly born–not Madge Thomas, nor Sue Bulgin. [Looking at them in turn.] Annie Roberts, ‘ow old were you, dear?

MRS ROBERTS. Seven, Mrs. Rous.

MRS. ROUS. Seven–well, there! A tiny little thing!

MRS. YEO. [Aggressively.] Well, I was ten myself, I remembers it.

MRS. Rous. [Placidly.] The Company hadn’t been started three years. Father was workin’ on the acid, that’s ‘ow he got ‘is pisoned-leg. I kep’ sayin’ to ‘im, “Father, you’ve got a pisoned leg.” “Well,” ‘e said, “Mother, pison or no pison, I can’t afford to go a-layin’ up.” An’ two days after, he was on ‘is back, and never got up again. It was Providence! There was n’t none o’ these Compensation Acts then.

MRS. YEO. Ye had n’t no strike that winter! [With grim humour.] This winter’s ‘ard enough for me. Mrs. Roberts, you don’t want no ‘arder winter, do you? Wouldn’t seem natural to ‘ave a dinner, would it, Mrs. Bulgin?

MRS. BULGIN. We’ve had bread and tea last four days.

MRS. YEO. You got that Friday’s laundry job?

MRS. BULGIN. [Dispiritedly.] They said they’d give it me, but when I went last Friday, they were full up. I got to go again next week.

MRS. YEO. Ah! There’s too many after that. I send Yeo out on the ice to put on the gentry’s skates an’ pick up what ‘e can. Stops ‘im from broodin’ about the ‘ouse.

MRS. BULGIN. [In a desolate, matter-of-fact voice.] Leavin’ out the men–it’s bad enough with the children. I keep ’em in bed, they don’t get so hungry when they’re not running about; but they’re that restless in bed they worry your life out.

MRS. YEO. You’re lucky they’re all so small. It ‘s the goin’ to school that makes ’em ‘ungry. Don’t Bulgin give you anythin’?

MRS. BULGIN. [Shakes her head, then, as though by afterthought.] Would if he could, I s’pose.

MRS. YEO. [Sardonically.] What! ‘Ave n’t ‘e got no shares in the Company?

MRS. ROUS. [Rising with tremulous cheerfulness.] Well, good-bye, Annie Roberts, I’m going along home.

MRS. ROBERTS. Stay an’ have a cup of tea, Mrs. Rous?

MRS. ROUS. [With the faintest smile.] Roberts ‘ll want ‘is tea when he comes in. I’ll just go an’ get to bed; it’s warmer there than anywhere.

[She moves very shakily towards the door.]

MRS. YEO. [Rising and giving her an arm.] Come on, Mother, take my arm; we’re all going’ the same way.

MRS. ROUS. [Taking the arm.]Thank you, my dearies!

[THEY go out, followed by MRS. BULGIN.]

MADGE. [Moving for the first time.] There, Annie, you see that! I told George Rous, “Don’t think to have my company till you’ve made an end of all this trouble. You ought to be ashamed,” I said, “with your own mother looking like a ghost, and not a stick to put on the fire. So long as you’re able to fill your pipes, you’ll let us starve.” “I ‘ll take my oath, Madge,” he said, “I ‘ve not had smoke nor drink these three weeks!” “Well, then, why do you go on with it?” “I can’t go back on Roberts!” . . . That’s it! Roberts, always Roberts! They’d all drop it but for him. When he talks it’s the devil that comes into them.

[A silence. MRS. ROBERTS makes a movement of pain.]

Ah! You don’t want him beaten! He’s your man. With everybody like their own shadows! [She makes a gesture towards MRS. ROBERTS.] If ROUS wants me he must give up Roberts. If he gave him up–they all would. They’re only waiting for a lead. Father’s against him– they’re all against him in their hearts.

MRS. ROBERTS. You won’t beat Roberts!

[They look silently at each other.]

MADGE. Won’t I? The cowards–when their own mothers and their own children don’t know where to turn.

MRS. ROBERTS. Madge!

MADGE. [Looking searchingly at MRS. ROBERTS.] I wonder he can look you in the face. [She squats before the fire, with her hands out to the flame.] Harness is here again. They’ll have to make up their minds to-day.

MRS. ROBERTS. [In a soft, slow voice, with a slight West-country burr.] Roberts will never give up the furnace-men and engineers. ‘T wouldn’t be right.

MADGE. You can’t deceive me. It’s just his pride.

[A tapping at the door is heard, the women turn as ENID enters. She wears a round fur cap, and a jacket of squirrel’s fur. She closes the door behind her.]

ENID. Can I come in, Annie?

MRS. ROBERTS. [Flinching.] Miss Enid! Give Mrs. Underwood a chair, Madge!

[MADGE gives ENID the chair she has been sitting on.]

ENID. Thank you!

ENID. Are you any better?

MRS. ROBERTS. Yes, M’m; thank you, M’m.

ENID. [Looking at the sullen MADGE as though requesting her departure.] Why did you send back the jelly? I call that really wicked of you!

MRS. ROBERTS. Thank you, M’m, I’d no need for it.

ENID. Of course! It was Roberts’s doing, wasn’t it? How can he let all this suffering go on amongst you?

MADGE. [Suddenly.] What suffering?

ENID. [Surprised.] I beg your pardon!

MADGE. Who said there was suffering?

MRS. ROBERTS. Madge!

MADGE. [Throwing her shawl over her head.] Please to let us keep ourselves to ourselves. We don’t want you coming here and spying on us.

ENID. [Confronting her, but without rising.] I did n’t speak to you.

MADGE. [In a low, fierce voice.] Keep your kind feelings to yourself. You think you can come amongst us, but you’re mistaken. Go back and tell the Manager that.

ENID. [Stonily.] This is not your house.

MADGE. [Turning to the door.] No, it is not my house; keep clear of my house, Mrs. Underwood.

[She goes out. ENID taps her fingers on the table.]

MRS. ROBERTS. Please to forgive Madge Thomas, M’m; she’s a bit upset to-day.

[A pause.]

ENID. [Looking at her.] Oh, I think they’re so stupid, all of them.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With a faint smile]. Yes, M’m.

ENID. Is Roberts out?

MRS. ROBERTS. Yes, M’m.

ENID. It is his doing, that they don’t come to an agreement. Now is n’t it, Annie?

MRS. ROBERTS. [Softly, with her eyes on ENID, and moving the fingers of one hand continually on her breast.] They do say that your father, M’m—-

ENID. My father’s getting an old man, and you know what old men are.

MRS. ROBERTS. I am sorry, M’m.

ENID. [More softly.] I don’t expect you to feel sorry, Annie. I know it’s his fault as well as Roberts’s.

MRS. ROBERTS. I’m sorry for any one that gets old, M’m; it ‘s dreadful to get old, and Mr. Anthony was such a fine old man, I always used to think.

ENID. [Impulsively.] He always liked you, don’t you remember? Look here, Annie, what can I do? I do so want to know. You don’t get what you ought to have. [Going to the fire, she takes the kettle off, and looks for coals.] And you’re so naughty sending back the soup and things.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With a faint smile.] Yes, M’m?

ENID. [Resentfully.] Why, you have n’t even got coals?

MRS. ROBERTS. If you please, M’m, to put the kettle on again; Roberts won’t have long for his tea when he comes in. He’s got to meet the men at four.

ENID. [Putting the kettle on.] That means he’ll lash them into a fury again. Can’t you stop his going, Annie?

[MRS. ROBERTS smiles ironically.]

Have you tried?

[A silence.]

Does he know how ill you are?

MRS. ROBERTS. It’s only my weak ‘eard, M’m.

ENID. You used to be so well when you were with us.

MRS. ROBERTS. [Stiffening.] Roberts is always good to me.

ENID. But you ought to have everything you want, and you have nothing!

MRS. ROBERTS. [Appealingly.] They tell me I don’t look like a dyin’ woman?

ENID. Of course you don’t; if you could only have proper— Will you see my doctor if I send him to you? I’m sure he’d do you good.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With faint questioning.] Yes, M’m.

ENID. Madge Thomas ought n’t to come here; she only excites you. As if I did n’t know what suffering there is amongst the men! I do feel for them dreadfully, but you know they have gone too far.

MRS. ROBERTS. [Continually moving her fingers.] They say there’s no other way to get better wages, M’m.

ENID. [Earnestly.] But, Annie, that’s why the Union won’t help them. My husband’s very sympathetic with the men, but he says they are not underpaid.

MRS. ROBERTS. No, M’m?

ENID. They never think how the Company could go on if we paid the wages they want.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With an effort.] But the dividends having been so big, M’m.

ENID. [Takes aback.] You all seem to think the shareholders are rich men, but they’re not–most of them are really no better off than working men.

[MRS. ROBERTS smiles.]

They have to keep up appearances.

MRS. ROBERTS. Yes, M’m?

ENID. You don’t have to pay rates and taxes, and a hundred other things that they do. If the men did n’t spend such a lot in drink and betting they’d be quite well off!

MRS. ROBERTS. They say, workin’ so hard, they must have some pleasure.

ENID. But surely not low pleasure like that.

MRS. ROBERTS. [A little resentfully.] Roberts never touches a drop; and he’s never had a bet in his life.

ENID. Oh! but he’s not a com—-I mean he’s an engineer—- a superior man.

MRS. ROBERTS. Yes, M’m. Roberts says they’ve no chance of other pleasures.

ENID. [Musing.] Of course, I know it’s hard.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With a spice of malice.] And they say gentlefolk’s just as bad.

ENID. [With a smile.] I go as far as most people, Annie, but you know, yourself, that’s nonsense.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With painful effort.] A lot ‘o the men never go near the Public; but even they don’t save but very little, and that goes if there’s illness.

ENID. But they’ve got their clubs, have n’t they?

MRS. ROBERTS. The clubs only give up to eighteen shillin’s a week, M’m, and it’s not much amongst a family. Roberts says workin’ folk have always lived from hand to mouth. Sixpence to-day is worth more than a shillin’ to-morrow, that’s what they say.

ENID. But that’s the spirit of gambling.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With a sort of excitement.] Roberts says a working man’s life is all a gamble, from the time ‘e ‘s born to the time ‘e dies.

[ENID leans forward, interested. MRS. ROBERTS goes on with a growing excitement that culminates in the personal feeling of the last words.]

He says, M’m, that when a working man’s baby is born, it’s a toss-up from breath to breath whether it ever draws another, and so on all ‘is life; an’ when he comes to be old, it’s the workhouse or the grave. He says that without a man is very near, and pinches and stints ‘imself and ‘is children to save, there can’t be neither surplus nor security. That’s why he wouldn’t have no children [she sinks back], not though I wanted them.

ENID. Yes, yes, I know!

MRS. ROBERTS. No you don’t, M’m. You’ve got your children, and you’ll never need to trouble for them.

ENID. [Gently.] You oughtn’t to be talking so much, Annie. [Then, in spite of herself.] But Roberts was paid a lot of money, was n’t he, for discovering that process?

MRS. ROBERTS. [On the defensive.] All Roberts’s savin’s have gone. He ‘s always looked forward to this strike. He says he’s no right to a farthing when the others are suffering. ‘T is n’t so with all o’ them! Some don’t seem to care no more than that–so long as they get their own.

ENID. I don’t see how they can be expected to when they ‘re suffering like this. [In a changed voice.] But Roberts ought to think of you! It’s all terrible—-! The kettle’s boiling. Shall I make the tea? [She takes the teapot and, seeing tea there, pours water into it.] Won’t you have a cup?

MRS. ROBERTS. No, thank you, M’m. [She is listening, as though for footsteps.] I’d–sooner you did n’t see Roberts, M’m, he gets so wild.

ENID. Oh! but I must, Annie; I’ll be quite calm, I promise.

MRS. ROBERTS. It’s life an’ death to him, M’m.

ENID. [Very gently.] I’ll get him to talk to me outside, we won’t excite you.

MRS. ROBERTS. [Faintly.] No, M’m.

[She gives a violent start. ROBERTS has come in, unseen.]

ROBERTS. [Removing his hat–with subtle mockery.] Beg pardon for coming in; you’re engaged with a lady, I see.

ENID. Can I speak to you, Mr. Roberts?

ROBERTS. Whom have I the pleasure of addressing, Ma’am?

ENID. But surely you know me! I ‘m Mrs. Underwood.

ROBERTS. [With a bow of malice.] The daughter of our Chairman.

ENID. [Earnestly.] I’ve come on purpose to speak to you; will you come outside a minute?

[She looks at MRS. ROBERTS.]

ROBERTS. [Hanging up his hat.] I have nothing to say, Ma’am.

ENID. But I must speak to you, please.

[She moves towards the door.]

ROBERTS. [With sudden venom.] I have not the time to listen!

MRS. ROBERTS. David!

ENID. Mr. Roberts, please!

ROBERTS. [Taking off his overcoat.] I am sorry to disoblige a lady- Mr. Anthony’s daughter.

ENID. [Wavering, then with sudden decision.] Mr. Roberts, I know you’ve another meeting of the men.

[ROBERTS bows.]

I came to appeal to you. Please, please, try to come to some compromise; give way a little, if it’s only for your own sakes!

ROBERTS. [Speaking to himself.] The daughter of Mr. Anthony begs me to give way a little, if it’s only for our own sakes!

ENID. For everybody’s sake; for your wife’s sake.

ROBERTS. For my wife’s sake, for everybody’s sake–for the sake of Mr. Anthony.

ENID. Why are you so bitter against my father? He has never done anything to you.

ROBERTS. Has he not?

ENID. He can’t help his views, any more than you can help yours.

ROBERTS. I really did n’t know that I had a right to views!

ENID. He’s an old man, and you—-

[Seeing his eyes fixed on her, she stops.]

ROBERTS. [Without raising his voice.] If I saw Mr. Anthony going to die, and I could save him by lifting my hand, I would not lift the little finger of it.

ENID. You–you—-[She stops again, biting her lips.]

ROBERTS. I would not, and that’s flat!

ENID. [Coldly.] You don’t mean what you say, and you know it!

ROBERTS. I mean every word of it.

ENID. But why?

ROBERTS. [With a flash.] Mr. Anthony stands for tyranny! That’s why!

ENID. Nonsense!

[MRS. ROBERTS makes a movement as if to rise, but sinks back in her chair.]

ENID. [With an impetuous movement.] Annie!

ROBERTS. Please not to touch my wife!

ENID. [Recoiling with a sort of horror.] I believe–you are mad.

ROBERTS. The house of a madman then is not the fit place for a lady.

ENID. I ‘m not afraid of you.

ROBERTS. [Bowing.] I would not expect the daughter of Mr. Anthony to be afraid. Mr. Anthony is not a coward like the rest of them.

ENID. [Suddenly.] I suppose you think it brave, then, to go on with the struggle.

ROBERTS. Does Mr. Anthony think it brave to fight against women and children? Mr. Anthony is a rich man, I believe; does he think it brave to fight against those who have n’t a penny? Does he think it brave to set children crying with hunger, an’ women shivering with cold?

ENID. [Putting up her hand, as though warding off a blow.] My father is acting on his principles, and you know it!

ROBERTS. And so am I!

ENID. You hate us; and you can’t bear to be beaten!

ROBERTS. Neither can Mr. Anthony, for all that he may say.

ENID. At any rate you might have pity on your wife.

[MRS. ROBERTS who has her hand pressed to her heart, takes it away, and tries to calm her breathing.]

ROBERTS. Madam, I have no more to say.

[He takes up the loaf. There is a knock at the door, and UNDERWOOD comes in. He stands looking at them, ENID turns to him, then seems undecided.]

UNDERWOOD. Enid!

ROBERTS. [Ironically.] Ye were not needing to come for your wife, Mr. Underwood. We are not rowdies.

UNDERWOOD. I know that, Roberts. I hope Mrs. Roberts is better.

[ROBERTS turns away without answering. Come, Enid!]

ENID. I make one more appeal to you, Mr. Roberts, for the sake of your wife.

ROBERTS. [With polite malice.] If I might advise ye, Ma’am–make it for the sake of your husband and your father.

[ENID, suppressing a retort, goes out. UNDERWOOD opens the door for her and follows. ROBERTS, going to the fire, holds out his hands to the dying glow.]

ROBERTS. How goes it, my girl? Feeling better, are you?

[MRS. ROBERTS smiles faintly. He brings his overcoat and wraps it round her.]

[Looking at his watch.] Ten minutes to four! [As though inspired.] I’ve seen their faces, there’s no fight in them, except for that one old robber.

MRS. ROBERTS. Won’t you stop and eat, David? You’ve ‘ad nothing all day!

ROBERTS. [Putting his hand to his throat.] Can’t swallow till those old sharks are out o’ the town: [He walks up and down.] I shall have a bother with the men–there’s no heart in them, the cowards. Blind as bats, they are–can’t see a day before their noses.

MRS. ROBERTS. It’s the women, David.

ROBERTS. Ah! So they say! They can remember the women when their own bellies speak! The women never stop them from the drink; but from a little suffering to themselves in a sacred cause, the women stop them fast enough.

MRS. ROBERTS. But think o’ the children, David.

ROBERTS. Ah! If they will go breeding themselves for slaves, without a thought o’ the future o’ them they breed—-

MRS. ROBERTS. [Gasping.] That’s enough, David; don’t begin to talk of that–I won’t–I can’t—-

ROBERTS. [Staring at her.] Now, now, my girl!

MRS. ROBERTS. [Breathlessly.] No, no, David–I won’t!

ROBERTS. There, there! Come, come! That’s right! [Bitterly.] Not one penny will they put by for a day like this. Not they! Hand to mouth–Gad!–I know them! They’ve broke my heart. There was no holdin’ them at the start, but now the pinch ‘as come.

MRS. ROBERTS. How can you expect it, David? They’re not made of iron.

ROBERTS. Expect it? Wouldn’t I expect what I would do meself? Wouldn’t I starve an’ rot rather than give in? What one man can do, another can.

MRS. ROBERTS. And the women?

ROBERTS. This is not women’s work.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With a flash of malice.] No, the women may die for all you care. That’s their work.

ROBERTS. [Averting his eyes.] Who talks of dying? No one will die till we have beaten these—-

[He meets her eyes again, and again turns his away. Excitedly.]

This is what I’ve been waiting for all these months. To get the old robbers down, and send them home again without a farthin’s worth o’ change. I ‘ve seen their faces, I tell you, in the valley of the shadow of defeat.

[He goes to the peg and takes down his hat.]

MRS. ROBERTS. [Following with her eyes-softly.] Take your overcoat, David; it must be bitter cold.

ROBERTS. [Coming up to her-his eyes are furtive.] No, no! There, there, stay quiet and warm. I won’t be long, my girl.

MRS. ROBERTS. [With soft bitterness.] You’d better take it.

[She lifts the coat. But ROBERTS puts it back, and wraps it round her. He tries to meet her eyes, but cannot. MRS. ROBERTS stays huddled in the coat, her eyes, that follow him about, are half malicious, half yearning. He looks at his watch again, and turns to go. In the doorway he meets JAN THOMAS, a boy of ten in clothes too big for him, carrying a penny whistle.]

ROBERTS. Hallo, boy!

[He goes. JAN stops within a yard of MRS. ROBERTS, and stares at her without a word.]

MRS. ROBERTS. Well, Jan!

JAN. Father ‘s coming; sister Madge is coming.

[He sits at the table, and fidgets with his whistle; he blows three vague notes; then imitates a cuckoo.]

[There is a tap on the door. Old THOMAS comes in.]

THOMAS. A very coot tay to you, Ma’am. It is petter that you are.

MRS. ROBERTS. Thank you, Mr. Thomas.

THOMAS. [Nervously.] Roberts in?

MRS. ROBERTS. Just gone on to the meeting, Mr. Thomas.

THOMAS. [With relief, becoming talkative.] This is fery unfortunate, look you! I came to tell him that we must make terms with London. It is a fery great pity he is gone to the meeting. He will be kicking against the pricks, I am thinking.

MRS. ROBERTS. [Half rising.] He’ll never give in, Mr. Thomas.

THOMAS. You must not be fretting, that is very pat for you. Look you, there iss hartly any mans for supporting him now, but the engineers and George Rous. [Solemnly.] This strike is no longer Going with Chapel, look you! I have listened carefully, an’ I have talked with her.

[JAN blows.]

Sst! I don’t care what th’ others say, I say that Chapel means us to be stopping the trouple, that is what I make of her; and it is my opinion that this is the fery best thing for all of us. If it was n’t my opinion, I ton’t say but it is my opinion, look you.

MRS. ROBERTS. [Trying to suppress her excitement.] I don’t know what’ll come to Roberts, if you give in.

THOMAS. It iss no disgrace whateffer! All that a mortal man coult do he hass tone. It iss against Human Nature he hass gone; fery natural any man may do that; but Chapel has spoken and he must not go against her.

[JAN imitates the cuckoo.]

Ton’t make that squeaking! [Going to the door.] Here iss my daughter come to sit with you. A fery goot day, Ma’am–no fretting –rememper!

[MADGE comes in and stands at the open door, watching the street.]

MADGE. You’ll be late, Father; they’re beginning. [She catches him by the sleeve.] For the love of God, stand up to him, Father–this time!

THOMAS. [Detaching his sleeve with dignity.] Leave me to do what’s proper, girl!

[He goes out. MADGE, in the centre of. the open doorway, slowly moves in, as though before the approach of some one.]

ROUS. [Appearing in the doorway.] Madge!

[MADGE stands with her back to MRS. ROBERTS, staring at him with her head up and her hands behind her.]

ROUS. [Who has a fierce distracted look.] Madge! I’m going to the meeting.

[MADGE, without moving, smiles contemptuously.]

D’ ye hear me?

[They speak in quick low voices.]

MADGE. I hear! Go, and kill your own mother, if you must.

[ROUS seizes her by both her arms. She stands rigid, with her head bent back. He releases her, and he too stands motionless.]

ROUS. I swore to stand by Roberts. I swore that! Ye want me to go back on what I’ve sworn.

MADGE. [With slow soft mockery.] You are a pretty lover!

ROUS. Madge!

MADGE. [Smiling.] I’ve heard that lovers do what their girls ask them–

[JAN sounds the cuckoo’s notes]

–but that’s not true, it seems!

ROUS. You’d make a blackleg of me!

MADGE. [With her eyes half-closed.] Do it for me!

ROUS. [Dashing his hand across his brow.] Damn! I can’t!

MADGE. [Swiftly.] Do it for me!

ROUS. [Through his teeth.] Don’t play the wanton with me!

MADGE. [With a movement of her hand towards JAN–quick and low.] I would be that for the children’s sake!

ROUS. [In a fierce whisper.] Madge! Oh, Madge!

MADGE. [With soft mockery.] But you can’t break your word for me!