This page contains affiliate links. As Amazon Associates we earn from qualifying purchases.
  • 1485
Buy it on Amazon Listen via Audible FREE Audible 30 days

what tidings in Cornwall, and whether they heard of Sir Tristram or not. Sir Kay and Sir Gaheris answered and said, that they heard not of him. Then they told Sir Launcelot word by word of their adventure. Then Sir Launcelot smiled and said: Hard it is to take out of the flesh that is bred in the bone; and so made them merry together.


How after that Sir Tristram, Sir Palomides, and Sir Dinadan had been long in prison they were delivered.

NOW leave we off this tale, and speak we of sir Dinas that had within the castle a paramour, and she loved <425>another knight better than him. And so when sir Dinas went out a-hunting she slipped down by a towel, and took with her two brachets, and so she yede to the knight that she loved, and he her again. And when sir Dinas came home and missed his paramour and his brachets, then was he the more wrother for his brachets than for the lady. So then he rode after the knight that had his paramour, and bade him turn and joust. So sir Dinas smote him down, that with the fall he brake his leg and his arm. And then his lady and paramour cried sir Dinas mercy, and said she would love him better than ever she did. Nay, said sir Dinas, I shall never trust them that once betrayed me, and therefore, as ye have begun, so end, for I will never meddle with you. And so sir Dinas departed, and took his brachets with him, and so rode to his castle.

Now will we turn unto sir Launcelot, that was right heavy that he could never hear no tidings of sir Tristram, for all this while he was in prison with sir Darras, Palomides, and Dinadan. Then Dame Bragwaine took her leave to go into Cornwall, and sir Launcelot, sir Kay, and sir Gaheris rode to seek sir Tristram in the country of Surluse.

Now speaketh this tale of sir Tristram and of his two fellows, for every day sir Palomides brawled and said language against sir Tristram. I marvel, said sir Dinadan, of thee, sir Palomides, an thou haddest sir Tristram here thou wouldst do him no harm; for an a wolf and a sheep were together in a prison the wolf would suffer the sheep to be in peace. And wit thou well, said sir Dinadan, this same is sir Tristram at a word, and now must thou do thy best with him, and let see now if ye can skift it with your hands. Then was sir Palomides abashed and said little. Sir Palomides, then said sir Tristram, I have heard much of your maugre against me, but I will not meddle with you as at this time by my will, because I dread the lord of this place that hath us in governance; for an I dread him not more than I do thee, soon it should be skift: so they peaced themself. Right so came in a damosel and
said: Knights, be of good cheer, for ye are sure of your <426>lives, and that I heard say my lord, Sir Darras. Then were they glad all three, for daily they weened they should have died.

Then soon after this Sir Tristram fell sick that he weened to have died; then Sir Dinadan wept, and so did Sir Palomides under them both making great sorrow. So a damosel came in to them and found them mourning. Then she went unto Sir Darras, and told him how that mighty knight that bare the black shield was likely to die. That shall not be, said Sir Darras, for God defend when knights come to me for succour that I should suffer them to die within my prison. Therefore, said Sir Darras to the damosel, fetch that knight and his fellows afore me. And then anon Sir Darras saw Sir Tristram brought afore him. He said: Sir knight, me repenteth of thy sickness for thou art called a full noble knight, and so it seemeth by thee; and wit ye well it shall never be said that Sir Darras shall destroy such a noble knight as thou art in prison, howbeit that thou hast slain three of my sons whereby I was greatly aggrieved. But now shalt thou go and thy fellows, and your harness and horses have been fair and clean kept, and ye shall go where it liketh you, upon this covenant, that thou, knight, wilt promise me to be good friend to my sons two that be now alive, and also that thou tell me thy name. Sir, said he, as for me my name is Sir Tristram de Liones, and in Cornwall was I born, and nephew I am unto King Mark. And as for the death of your sons I might not do withal, for an they had been the next kin that I have I might have done none otherwise. And if I had slain them by treason or treachery I had been worthy to have died. All this I consider, said Sir Darras, that all that ye did was by force of knighthood, and that was the cause I would not put you to death. But sith ye be Sir Tristram, the good knight, I pray you heartily to be my good friend and to my sons. Sir, said Sir Tristram, I promise you by the faith of my body, ever while I live I will do you service, for ye have done to us but as a natural knight ought to do. Then Sir Tristram reposed him there till that he was <427>amended of his sickness; and when he was big and strong they took their leave, and every knight took their horses, and so departed and rode together till they came to a cross way. Now fellows, said Sir Tristram, here will we depart in sundry ways. And because Sir Dinadan had the first adventure of him I will begin.


How Sir Dinadan rescued a lady from Sir Breuse Saunce Pite, and how Sir Tristram received a shield of Morgan le Fay.

SO as Sir Dinadan rode by a well he found a lady making great dole. What aileth you? said Sir Dinadan. Sir knight, said the lady, I am the wofullest lady of the world, for within these five days here came a knight called Sir Breuse Saunce Pite, and he slew mine own brother, and ever since he hath kept me at his own will, and of all men in the world I hate him most; and therefore I require you of knighthood to avenge me, for he will not tarry, but be here anon. Let him come, said Sir Dinadan, and because of honour of all women I will do my part. With this came Sir Breuse, and when he saw a knight with his lady he was wood wroth. And then he said: Sir knight, keep thee from me. So they hurtled together as thunder, and either smote other passing sore, but Sir Dinadan put him through the shoulder a grievous wound, and or ever Sir Dinadan might turn him Sir Breuse was gone and fled. Then the lady prayed him to bring her to a castle there beside but four mile thence; and so Sir Dinadan brought her there, and she was welcome, for the lord of that castle was her uncle; and so Sir Dinadan rode his way upon his adventure.

Now turn we this tale unto Sir Tristram, that by adventure he came to a castle to ask lodging, wherein was Queen Morgan le Fay; and so when Sir Tristram was let into that castle he had good cheer all that night. <428>And upon the morn when he would have departed the queen said: Wit ye well ye shall not depart lightly, for ye are here as a prisoner. Jesu defend! said Sir Tristram, for I was but late a prisoner. Fair knight, said the queen, ye shall abide with me till that I wit what ye are and from whence ye come. And ever the queen would set Sir Tristram on her own side, and her paramour on the other side. And ever Queen Morgan would behold Sir Tristram, and thereat the knight was jealous, and was in will suddenly to have run upon Sir Tristram with a sword, but he left it for shame. Then the queen said to Sir Tristram: Tell me thy name, and I shall suffer you to depart when ye will. Upon that covenant I tell you my name is Sir Tristram de Liones. Ah, said Morgan le Fay, an I had wist that, thou shouldst not have departed so soon as thou shalt. But sithen I have made a promise I will hold it, with that thou wilt promise me to bear upon thee a shield that I shall deliver thee, unto the castle of the Hard Rock, where King Arthur had cried a great tournament, and there I pray you that ye will be, and to do for me as much deeds of arms as ye may do. For at the Castle of Maidens, Sir Tristram, ye did marvellous deeds of arms as ever I heard knight do. Madam, said Sir Tristram, let me see the shield that I shall bear. Then the shield was brought forth, and the field was goldish, with a king and a queen therein painted, and a knight standing above them, [one foot] upon the king’s head, and the other upon the queen’s. Madam, said Sir Tristram, this is a fair shield and a mighty; but what signifieth this king and this queen, and the knight standing upon both their heads? I shall tell you, said Morgan le Fay, it signifieth King Arthur and Queen Guenever, and a knight who holdeth them both in bondage and in servage. Who is that knight? said Sir Tristram. That shall ye not wit as at this time, said the queen. But as the French book saith, Queen Morgan loved Sir Launcelot best, and ever she desired him, and he would never love her nor do nothing at her request, and therefore she held many knights together for to have taken him by strength. <429>And because she deemed that Sir Launcelot loved Queen Guenever paramour, and she him again, therefore Queen Morgan le Fay ordained that shield to put Sir Launcelot to a rebuke, to that intent that King Arthur might understand the love between them. Then Sir Tristram took that shield and promised her to bear it at the tournament at the Castle of the Hard Rock. But Sir Tristram knew not that that shield was ordained against Sir Launcelot, but afterward he knew it.


How Sir Tristram took with him the shield, and also how he slew the paramour of Morgan le Fay.

SO then Sir Tristram took his leave of the queen, and took the shield with him. Then came the knight that held Queen Morgan le Fay, his name was Sir Hemison, and he made him ready to follow Sir Tristram. Fair friend, said Morgan, ride not after that knight, for ye shall not win no worship of him. Fie on him, coward, said Sir Hemison, for I wist never good knight come out of Cornwall but if it were Sir Tristram de Liones. What an that be he? said she. Nay, nay, said he, he is with La Beale Isoud, and this is but a daffish knight. Alas, my fair friend, ye shall find him the best knight that ever ye met withal, for I know him better than ye do. For your sake, said Sir Hemison, I shall slay him. Ah, fair friend, said the queen, me repenteth that ye will follow that knight, for I fear me sore of your again coming. With this this knight rode his way wood wroth, and he rode after Sir Tristram as fast as he had been chased with knights. When Sir Tristram heard a knight come after him so fast he returned about, and saw a knight coming against him. And when he came nigh to Sir Tristram he cried on high: Sir knight, keep thee from me. Then they rushed together as it had been thunder, and Sir Hemison brised his spear upon Sir Tristram, but his harness was so good that he might not <430>hurt him. And Sir Tristram smote him harder, and bare him through the body, and he fell over his horse’s croup. Then Sir Tristram turned to have done more with his sword, but he saw so much blood go from him that him seemed he was likely to die, and so he departed from him and came to a fair manor to an old knight, and there Sir Tristram lodged.


How Morgan le Fay buried her paramour, and how Sir Tristram praised Sir Launcelot and his kin.

NOW leave to speak of Sir Tristram, and speak we of the knight that was wounded to the death. Then his varlet alighted, and took off his helm, and then he asked his lord whether there were any life in him. There is in me life said the knight, but it is but little; and therefore leap thou up behind me when thou hast holpen me up, and hold me fast that I fall not, and bring me to Queen Morgan le Fay; for deep draughts of death draw to my heart that I may not live, for I would fain speak with her or I died: for else my soul will be in great peril an I die. For[thwith] with great pain his varlet brought him to the castle, and there Sir Hemison fell down dead. When Morgan le Fay saw him dead she made great sorrow out of reason; and then she let despoil him unto his shirt, and so she let him put into a tomb. And about the tomb she let write: Here lieth Sir Hemison, slain by the hands of Sir Tristram de Liones.

Now turn we unto Sir Tristram, that asked the knight his host if he saw late any knights adventurous. Sir, he said, the last night here lodged with me Ector de Maris and a damosel with him, and that damosel told me that he was one of the best knights of the world. That is not so, said Sir Tristram, for I know four better knights of his own blood, and the first is Sir Launcelot du Lake, call him the best knight, and Sir Bors de Ganis, Sir Bleoberis, Sir Blamore de Ganis, and Sir Gaheris. Nay, said his host, <431>Sir Gawaine is a better knight than he. That is not so, said Sir Tristram, for I have met with them both, and I felt Sir Gaheris for the better knight, and Sir Lamorak I call him as good as any of them except Sir Launcelot. Why name ye not Sir Tristram? said his host, for I account him as good as any of them. I know not Sir Tristram, said Tristram. Thus they talked and bourded as long as them list, and then went to rest. And on the morn Sir Tristram departed, and took his leave of his host, and rode toward the Roche Dure, and none adventure had Sir Tristram but that; and so he rested not till he came to the castle, where he saw five hundred tents.


How Sir Tristram at a tournament bare the shield that Morgan le Fay delivered to him.

THEN the King of Scots and the King of Ireland held against King Arthur’s knights, and there began a great medley. So came in Sir Tristram and did marvellous deeds of arms, for there he smote down many knights. And ever he was afore King Arthur with that shield. And when King Arthur saw that shield he marvelled greatly in what intent it was made; but Queen Guenever deemed as it was, wherefore she was heavy. Then was there a damosel of Queen Morgan in a chamber by King Arthur, and when she heard King Arthur speak of that shield, then she spake openly unto King Arthur. Sir King, wit ye well this shield was ordained for you, to warn you of your shame and dishonour, and that longeth to you and your queen. And then anon that damosel picked her away privily, that no man wist where she was become. Then was King Arthur sad and wroth, and asked from whence came that damosel. There was not one that knew her nor wist where she was become. Then Queen Guenever called to her Sir Ector de Maris, and there she made her complaint to him, and said: I wot well this <432>shield was made by Morgan le Fay in despite of me and of Sir Launcelot, wherefore I dread me sore lest I should be destroyed. And ever the king beheld Sir Tristram, that did so marvellous deeds of arms that he wondered sore what knight he might be, and well he wist it was not Sir Launcelot. And it was told him that Sir Tristram was in Petit Britain with Isoud la Blanche Mains, for he deemed, an he had been in the realm of Logris, Sir Launcelot or some of his fellows that were in the quest of Sir Tristram that they should have found him or that time. So King Arthur had marvel what knight he might be. And ever Sir Arthur’s eye was on that shield. All that espied the queen, and that made her sore afeard.

Then ever Sir Tristram smote down knights wonderly to behold, what upon the right hand and upon the left hand, that unnethe no knight might withstand him. And the King of Scots and the King of Ireland began to withdraw them. When Arthur espied that, he thought that that knight with the strange shield should not escape him. Then he called unto him Sir Uwaine le Blanche Mains, and bade him arm him and make him ready. So anon King Arthur and Sir Uwaine dressed them before Sir Tristram, and required him to tell them where he had that shield. Sir, he said, I had it of Queen Morgan le Fay, sister unto King Arthur.

So here endeth this history of this book, for it is the first book of Sir Tristram de Liones and the second book of Sir Tristram followeth.


Abashed, abased, lowered, 9 34
Abate, depress, calm, 7 IS, 22, 18 I9 Abought, paid for, 7 I7
Abraid, started, 9 32
Accompted, counted, 13 z
Accorded, agreed, 12
Accordment, agreement, 20 II
Acquit, repay, 4 26
Actually, actively, 4 20
Adoubted, afraid, 10 4
Advision, vision, 14 7
Afeard, afraid, 123
Afterdeal, disadvantage, 5 8
Againsay, retract, 13 7
Aknown, known, 8 14
Aligement, alleviation, 16 I6
Allegeance, alleviation, 18 I9
Allow, approve, 7 5
Almeries, chests, 17 23
Alther, gen. pl., of all, 4 I I, 20 6 Amounted, mounted, 10 3
Anealed, anointed, 21 I2
Anguishly, in pain, 16 I5
Anon, at once, 5 9
Apair, weaken, 3 3
Apparelled, fitted up, 4 6
Appeach, impeach, 10 7
Appealed, challenged, accused, 18 4 Appertices, displays, 5 8
Araged, enraged, 5 2, 9 34; confused, 18 3 Araised, raised, 21 I
Arase, obliterate, 18 25
Areared, reared, 10 64
Armyvestal, martial, 4 I5
Array, plight, state of affairs, 19 7 Arrayed, situated, 17 3
Arson, saddle-bow, 6 7, 18 23
Askance, casually, 8 I4
Assoiled, absolved, 13 20
Assotted, infatuated, 4 I
Assummon, summon, 7 26
Astonied, amazed, stunned, 10 S7
At, of, by, 7 3 I, 19 8
At-after, after, 72I, 124
Attaint, overcome, 16 8

Aumbries, chests, 17 23
Avail (at), at an advantage, 20 I3
Avaled, lowered, 5 I2
Avaunt, boast, 5 9
Aventred, couched, 2 18, 4 I8
Avised, be advised, take thought, 9 IO Avision, vision, 21 I I
Avoid, quit, 9 3I
Avoided, got clear off, 7 I7
Avow, vow, 10 63
Await of (in), in watch for, 9 I2
Awayward, away, 7 I9
Awke, sideways, 5 IO

Bachelors, probationers for knighthood 1 15 Bain, bath, 18 II, I7
Barbican, gate-tower, 5 5, 7 3I
Barget, little ship, 8 38
Battle, division of an army, 1 IS
Bawdy, dirty, 7 5 .
Beams, trumpets, 214
Be-closed, enclosed, 12 6
Become, pp., befallen, gone to, 13 I8 Bedashed, splashed, 19 2
Behests, promises, 9 I6
Behight, promised, 17 23
Beholden (beholding) to, obliged to, 7 2I, 13 I9 Behote, promised, 8 8
Benome, deprived, taken away, 14 8, 16 8 Besants, gold coins, 4 25
Beseek, beseech, 15 4
Beseen, appointed, arrayed, 118, 116 Beskift, shove off, 4
Bested, beset, 212
Betaken, entrusted, 16
Betaught, entrusted, recommended, 6 7 Betid, happened, 7 I S
Betook, committed, entrusted, 123, 10 69 Bevered, quivered, 1 IS
Board, sb., deck, 14 7
Bobaunce, boasting, pride, 10 63, 15 6, 18 I5 Boishe, bush, branch of a tree, 6 16
Boistous, rough, 2 8, 14 6
Bole, trunk of a tree, 6 I6
Boot, remedy, 9 17
Borrow out, redeem, ] 0 30
Borrows, pledges, 7 I8
Bote, remedy, 8 I, 6
Bound, ready, 1 z
Bourded, jested, 9 43
Bourder, jester, 10 25
Braced, embraced, 10 78
Brachet, little hound, 3 6
Braide, quick movement, 20
Brast, burst, break, 1 I4, 18 2
Breaths, breathing holes, 8 7
Brief, shorten, 9 IZ
Brim, fierce, furious, 20 I3
Brised, broke, 9 4, 10
Broached, pierced, 1 I6
Broaches, spits, 5 5
Bur, hand-guard of a spear, 214
Burble, bubble, 18 22
Burbling, bubbling, 10 2
Burgenetts, buds, blossoms, 20 I
Bushment, ambush, 5 5
By and by, immediately, 18 4
Bywaryed, expended, bestowed, 7 ZI

Canel bone, collar bone, 4 27
Cankered, inveterate, 212
Cantel, slice, strip, 1 I6
Careful, sorrowful, full of troubles, 5 5, 21 II Cast (of bread), loaves baked at the same time, 7 14 Cast, ref: v., propose, 13 20
Cedle, schedule, note, 21 2
Cere, wax over, embalm, 5 8; cerel, 21 I I Certes, certainly, 14 7
Chafe, heat, decompose, 4 8; chafed, heated, 14 9 Chaflet, platform, scaffold, 21 3
Champaign, open country, 1 14
Chariot (Fr charette), cart, 19 4
Cheer, countenance, 7 IS, 13 20 i entertainment, 3 8 Chierte, dearness, 13 8
Chrism, anointing oil, 9 39
Clatter, talk confusedly, 11 8
Cleight, clutched, 6 z
Cleped, called, 9 6
Clipping, embracing, 4 22, 8 36
Cog, small boat, 5 3
Cognisance, badge, mark of distinction, 10 3 Coif, head-piece, 8 7
Comfort, strengthen, help, 16 7
Cominal, common, 4 25
Complished, complete, 7 I
Con, know, be able, 516; con thanlt, be grateful, 20 I3 Conserve, preserve, 17 I4

Conversant, abiding in, 17 3
Cording, agreement, 1 II
Coronal, circlet, 5 5
Cost, side, 7 Iz
Costed, kept up with, 18 z I
Couched, lay, 14 6
Courage, encourage, 19 IO
Courtelage, courtyard, 4 24
Covert, sheltered, 20 22
Covetise, covetousness, 13 I4
Covin, deceit, 13 IS
Cream, oil, 9 39
Credence, faith, 5 2
Croup, crupper, 8 I6
Curteist, most courteous, 6 IO

Daffish, foolish, 9 42
Danger (in), under obligation to, in the power of, 7 8, 19 4 Dawed, v tr., revived, 11 IO; intr. dawned, 17 2 Deadly, mortal, human, 17, 9, 20
Deal, part, portion, 16 I I
Debate, quarrel, strife, 3 6
Debonair, courteous, 17 4
Deceivable, deceitful, 106
Defaded, faded, 10 86
Default, fault, 3 8
Defend, forbid, 1 B3; defended, 7 I; forbidden, 18 2 Defoiled, trodden down, fouled, deflowered, 1 I4, 7 I2, 9 32 Degree (win the), rank, superiority, 8 9 Delibered, determined, 5 2
Deliverly, adroitly, 20 22
Departed, divided, 9 7
Departition, departure, 9 36
Dere, harm, 1 1 7, 13 IZ
Descrive, describe, 10 I
Despoiled, stripped, 15 2
Detrenched, cut to pieces, 5 7
Devised, looked carefully at, 17 13 Devoir, duty, service, 7 23, 20 I8
Did off, doffed, 13 I7
Dight, prepared, 4 6
Dindled, trembled, 5 8
Disadventure, misfortune, 13 20
Discover, reveal, 13 20
Disherited, disinherited, 13 IO, 14 8 Disparpled, scattered, 20 I
Dispenses, expenses, 5 z
Disperplyd, scattered, 5 2, 8
Dispoiled, stripped, 7 2
Distained, sullied, dishonoured, 184 Disworship, shame, 9 3
Dole, gift of alms, 21 3
Dole, sorrow, 1 [5, 11 I4
Domineth, dominates, rules, 5 x
Don, gift, 7 2
Doted, foolish, 10 55
Doubted, redoubtable, 167
Draughts, privities, secret interviews, recesses, 18 IX 19 6 Drenched, drowned, 14 8
Dress, make ready, 1 I6
Dressed up, raised, 13 I8
Dretched, troubled in sleep, 20 S
Dretching, being troubled in sleep, 21 I2 Dromounds, war vessels, 5 3
Dure, endure, last, 4 I; dured, 8 29; during, 10 71 Duresse, bondage, hardship, 13 I2, 147
Dwined, dwindled, 21 I2

Eased, entePtained, 17 II
Eft, after, again, 8 I3
Eftures, passages, 19 7
Embattled, ranged for battle, 5 8
Embushed, concealed in the woods, 1 19, 46 Eme, uncle, 8 5
Empoison, poison, 18 3
Emprised, undertook, 9 2
Enbraid, 20 I2
Enchafe, heat, 18 15; enchafed, heated, 14 9, 18 5 Enchieve, achieve, 9 2, 13 2
Endlong, alongside of, 6 7
Enewed, painted, 3 9
Enforce, constrain, 10 74, 18 I 8
Engine, device, 10 I7
Enow, enough, 1 23
Enquest, enterprise, 9 2
Ensured, assured, 7 I7
Entermete, intermeddle, 10 26
Errant, wandering, 4 I2
Estates, ranks, 10 6I
Even hand, at an equality, 9 2
Evenlong, along, 10 6 I
Everych, each, every one, 16 3

Faiter, vagabond, 2 IO
Fare, sb., ado, commotion, 219
Faren, pp., treated, 7 I 5
Faute, x, lack, 3 1; fauted, lacked, 9 32 Fealty, oath of fidelity, 7 I7
Fear, frighten, 7 I6
Feute, trace, track, 614, 18 2 I
Feuter, set in rest, couch, 6 2
Feutred, set in socket, 20 I3
Fiaunce, affiance, promise, 1 3
Flang, flung, 6 7, 10 4I; rushed, 9 6 Flatling, prostrate, 18 7
Fleet, float, 13 2
Flemed, put to flight, 20 I7
Flittered, fluttered, 5 4
Foiled, defeated, shamed, 18 25
Foined, thrust, 20 22
Foining, thrusting, 7 4
Foins, thrusts, 9 8 a

Foot-hot, hastily, 9 28X 33
For-bled, spent with bleeding, 9 8X 20 Force (no), no concern, 3 7} 21 IO
Fordeal, advantage, 5 8
Fordo, destroy, 8 26; fordid, 2 I9
Forecast, preconcerted plot, 20 5
For-fared, worsted, 6 6
Forfend, forbid, 18 2
Forfoughten, weary with fighting, 2 IO Forhewn, hewn to pieces, 7 I2, 17
Forjousted, tired with jousting, 8 39, 10 58 Forthinketh, repents, 2 3
Fortuned, happened, 7 I
Forward, vanguard, 20 I3
Forwowmded, sorely wounded, 9 8
Free, noble, 10 6I
Froward, away from, 3 I4, 1O 4

Gad, wedge or spike of iron, 15 2
Gainest, readiest, 7 20
Gar, cause, 20 I6
Gart, compelled, 3 IO, 8 IS
Gentily, like a gentleman, 9 5
Gerfalcon, a fine hawk, 4 26
Germane, closely allied, 2 I I, 14 2 Gest, deed, story, 6 I3
Gisarm, halberd, battle-axe, 4 25, 7 22 Glaive, sword, 20 6
Glasting, barking, 10 53
Glatisant, barking, yelping, 10 I3
Gobbets, lumps, 7 23
Graithed, made ready, 5 7
Gree, degree, superiority, 5 IO, 6 7 Greed, pp., pleased, content, 16 IS
Grescs, steps, 17 I8
Grimly, ugly, 6 8X 19 2
Grovelling, on his face, 8 26
Guerdonless, without reward, 10 86
Guise, fashion, 1 IO

Habergeon, hauberk with leggings attached, 16 IO Hair, a hair-shirt, 15 2
Hale and how, a sailor’s cry, 7 IS
Halp, helped, 10 64
Halsed, embraced, 8 I4
Halsing, embracing, 2 I6
Handfast, betrothed, 10 37
Handsel, earnest-money, 8 I6
Hangers, testicles, 10 38
Harbingers, messengers sent to prepare lodgings, 7 27 Harness, armour, 9 II
Hart of greese, fat deer, 10 86
Hauberk, coat of mail, 1 D
Haut, high, noble, 2 I9, 8 27
Hauteyn, haughty, 4 IO
Heavy, sad, 14 4, 6
Hete, command, 119
Hide, skin, 11 I4
Hied, hurried, 17 I9
High (on), aloud, 6 II
Higher hand, the uppermost, 16 I4
Hight, called, 1 H
Hilled, covered, concealed, 10 59, 17 22 Holden, held, 18
Holp, helped, 6 I2
Holts, woods, 5 9
Hough-bone, back part of kneejoint, 12 3 Houselled, to be given the Eucharist, 21 I2 Hoved, hovered, waited about, 2 19, 4 zo, 18 IO Hurled, dashed, staggered, 8 z6, 9 4, 6, 10 41; hurling, 7 10, 9 6
Hurtle, dash, 7 I2

Incontinent, forthwith, 5 2
Ind, dark blue, 1 IS
Infellowship, join in fellowship, 8 Z7 In like, alike, 12 I4
Intermit, interpose, 16 IS

Japer, jester, 10 44
Japes, jests, 3 II
Jesseraunt, a short cuirass, 19

Keep, sb., care, 7 20
Keep, s., care, reck, 9 I4
Kemps, champions, 7 8
Kind, nature, 118
Kindly, natural, 118
Knights parters, marshals, 19 9
Know, acknowledge, 5 I2
Knowledging, acknowledgment, confes- sion, 19 I

Lain, conceal, 20 I
Langering, sauntering, 9 zo
Lapped, took in her lap, 8 I
Large, generous, 10 6 I
Largeness, liberality, 4 I2
Laton, latten, brass, 2 I I
Laund, waste plain, 4 I9
Layne, conceal, 18 I3
Lazar-cot, leper-house, 8 35
Learn, teach, 6 IO
Lears, cheeks, 9 20
Leaved, leafy, 18 IO
Lecher, fornicator, 18 2
Leech, physician, 125
Leman, lover, 6 5
Let, caused to, 10 6 I
Let, hinder, 6 7
Lewdest, most ignorant, 1 z6
LicoursX lecherous, 18 25
Lief, dear, 215
Liefer, more gladly, 9 4

Lieve, believe, 20 I
Limb-meal, limb from limb, 8 37
List, desire, pleasure, 9 z4, 10 39 Lithe, joint, 3 I3
Longing unto, belonging to, 1 I6
Long on (upon), because of, 15 29 20 Loos, praise, 5 IO, 16 I I
Lotless, without a share, 10 4
Loveday, day for. settling disputes, 10 IS Loving, praising, 11 I, 19 I2
Lunes, leashes, strings, 6 I6
Lusk, lubber, 7 5
Lusts, inclinations, 8 36

Maims, wounds, 1 IS
Makeless, matchless, 6 I I, 1O 73
Makers, authors, poets, 21 I3
Mas,ease, discomfort, 8 4I
Mal engine, evil design, 18 5, I8, 20 4 Mal-fortune, ill-luck, mishap, 9 I2
Marches, borders, 1 I8, 9 I3
Mass-penny, offering at mass for the dead, 18 20 Matche old, machicolated, with holes for defence, 7 IO Maugre, sb., despite, 1 23, 20 6X I I
Measle, disease, 17 I I
Medled, mingled, 10 59
Medley, melee, general encounter, 1 IS Meiny, retinue, 5 5
Mickle, much, 10 63
Minever, ermine, 12 I
Mischieved, hurt, 9 I I
Mischievous, painful, 20 6
Miscorr fort, discomfort, 10 29
Miscreature, unbeliever, 17 2
Missay, revile, 9 3; missaid, 9 2
Mo, more, 8 34, 10 58
More and less, rich and poor, 7 z7
Motes, notes on a horn, 7 8
Mount~ lance, amount of, extent, 7 4 Much, great, 20 4

Naked, unarmed, 12 IZ
Namely, especially, 13 20
Ne, nor, 5 8
Near-hand, nearly, 5 7X 8 I4; near, 19 I Needly, needs, on your own compulsion, 10 67 Nesh, soft, tender, 13 20
Nigh-hand, nearly, 9 35
Nill, will not, 10 55
Nilt, will not, 13 20
Nis, ne is, is not, 6 I6
Nist, ne wist, knew not, 16 I4
Noblesse, nobleness, 119
Nobley, nobility, splendour, 10 6
Noised, reported, 10 46
Nold, would not, 13 IO
Noseling, on his nose, 17 4
Not for then, nevertheless, 10 3O, 18 6 Notoyrly, notoriously, Pref:
Noyous, hurtful, 17 8

Obeissance, obedience, 18
Or, before, 9 I7
Orgule, haughtiness, 21
Orgulist, haughtiest, 211
Orgulite, pride, arrogance, 10 x
Orgulous, proud, 2 4
Other, or, 123
Ouches, jewels, 20 I4
Ought, owned, 6 5, 9 2
Outcept, except, 10 72
Outher, or, 9 17, 10 70
Out-taken, except, 10 73
Over-evening, last night, 9 3I
Overget, overtake, 12 3
Overhylled, covered, 10 9
Over-led, domineered over, 20 I I
Overlong, the length of, 10 60
Overslip, s., pass, 8 14
Overthwart, adj., cross, 9 IS
Overthwart, sb., mischance, 7 I7
Overthwart and endlong, by the breadth and length, 1317

Painture, painting, 6 6
Paitrelles, breastplate of a horse, 716 Paltocks, short coats, 5 10
Parage, descent, 7 5
Pareil, like, 5 z
Passing, surpassingly, 18 I
Paynim, pagan, 9 38
Pensel, pennon, 10 47
Perclos, partition, 14 3
Perdy, par Dieu, 719
Perigot, falcon, 6 I6
Perish, destroy, 17 2
Peron, tombstone, 10 2
Pight, pitched, 1 1, 5 5, .9 20
Pike, steal away, 20 I7
Piked, stole, 9 44
Pillers, plunderers, 214
Pilling, plundering, 13 15
Pleasaunce, pleasure, 8 36
Plenour, complete, 7 I
Plump, sb., cluster, 11
Pointling, aiming, 114
Pont, bridge, 11 I
Port, gate, 719
Posseded, possessed, 812
Potestate, governor, 5 8
Precessours, predecessors, 5
Press, throng, 1 I7
Pretendeth, belongs to, 118
Pricker, hard rider, 5 IO
Pricking, spurring, 14 5
Prime, 6.o A.M., 6 4, 13 I9
Prise, capture, 4 6

Puissance, power, 126
Purfle, trimming, 126
Purfled, embroidered, 126
Purvey, provide, 41, 18 3

Quarrels, arrowheads, 115
Questing, barking, 1 I9
Quick, alive, 121
Quit, repaid, 4 28; acquitted, behaved, 5 II

Raced (rased), tore, 123, 104I, 18 23 Rack (of bulls), herd, 16 I, 3
Raines, a town in Brittany famous for its cloth, 21 I I Ramping, raging, 9 I
Range, rank, station, 10 41
Ransacked, searched, 13 13
Rashed, fell headlong, 9 6
Rashing, rushing, 6 8
Rasing, rushing, 6 8, 74
Rasure, 18 25
Raundon, impetuosity, 1 IO, 3 9
Rear, raise, 4 2
Rechate, note of recall, 10 52
Recomforted, comforted, cheered, 733 Recounter, rencontre, encounter, 4 24, No Recover, rescue, 20 N
Rede, advise, 123; sb., counsel, 214 Redounded, glanced back, 1 I6
Religion, religious order, 15 I
Reneye, deny, 8 37
Report, refer, 18 4
Resemblaunt; semblance, 14 6
Retrayed, drew back, 7 I2 –
Rightwise, rightly, 15
Rivage, shore, 7 2I
Romed, roared, 5 4
Roted, practised, 10 36
Rove, cleft, 2 N
Rownsepyk, a branch, 6 N

Sacring, consecrating, 14 3
Sad, serious, 9 7
Sadly, heartily, earnestly, 7 2
Salle, room, 17 16
Samite, silk stuff with gold or silver threads, 1 25
Sangreal, Holy Grail, 12 4
Sarps, girdles, 20 I4
Saw, proverb, 10 6I
Scathes, harms, hurts, 10 3O
icripture, writing, 17 2I
Search, probe wounds, 8 8
Selar, canopy, 17 6
Semblable, like, 5 IO
Semblant, semblance, 8 8
Sendal, fine cloth, 5 8
Sennight, week, 4 N
Servage, slavery, 13 IS
Sewer, officer who set on dishes and tasted them, 7 36 Shaft-mon, handbreadth, 7 22
Shaw, thicket, 9 39
Sheef, thrust, 13 9
Sheer-Thursday, Thursday in Holy Week, 17 20 Shend, harm, 20 S
Shenship, disgrace, 7 IS
Shent, undone, blamed, 7 IS
Shour, attack, 20 I4
Shrew, rascal, 10 47
Shrewd, knavish, 9 18, 24
Sib, akin to, 3 3
Sideling, sideways, 10 64
Siege, seat, 13 4
Signified, likened, 17 9
Siker, sure, 7 I 8, 11 I 3
Sikerness, assurance, 4 27
Sith, since, 122
Sithen, afterwards, since, 5 9
Skift, changed, 9 40
Slade, valley, 6 5, 7 7
Slake, glen, 6 5
Soil (to go to), hunting term for taking the water, 18 2I Sonds, messages, 21 I
Sort, company, 9 3I
Sperd, bolted, 8 34
Spere, ask, inquire, 13 17
Spered, asked, 7 30, 218
Sperhawk, sparrowhawk, 12 7
Sprent, sprinkled, 17 7
Stale, station, 5 IO
Stark, thoroughly, 4 I7
Stead, place, 4 S
Stert, started, rose quickly, 2 16, 14 I0 Steven, appointment, 2 14; steven ser. appointment made, 8 I3 Steven, voice, 21 12
Stigh, path, 7 3I
Stilly, silently, 7 S
Stint, fixed revenue, 124
Stonied, astonished, 6 8; became confused, 9 34 Stour, battle, 9 34, 16 8
Strain, race, descent, 13 8
Strait, narrow, l IO
Straked, blew a horn, 9 2I, 1O 52
Sue, pursue, 16 20
Sued, pursued, 3 IO
Surcingles, saddle girths, 7 S
Swang, swung, 814
Sweven, dream, 1 I3; pl., 21 I2
Swough, sound of wind, 5 4

Talent, desire, 10 20
Tallages, taxes, 5 2
Tallies, taxes, 5 2
Tamed, crushed, 2 18, 3 IO, 15 z

Tatches, qualities, 2 2, 8 3
Tene, sorrow, 2 S
Term, period of time, 21 I
Thilk, that same, 5 IZ
Tho, then, 17 I
Thrang, pushed, 7 30, 20 8
Thrulled, pushed, 9 4
Till, to, 9 26
To-brast, burst, 6 I3
To-fore, before, 14, 16 I4
To-morn, to-morrow, 4 24
Took, gave, 7 30, 16 6
To-rove, broke up, 8 38
To-shivered, broken to pieces, 122
Traced, advanced and retreated, 20 ZI Trains, devices, wiles, 9 25
Trasing, pressing forward, 6 8, 7 4 Travers (met at), came across, 17 I9
Traverse, slantwise, 10 65, 17 19
Traversed, moved sideways, 20 2 I
Tray, grief, 2 I6
Treatise, treaty, 4 24
Tree, timber, 17 I9
Trenchant, cutting, sharp, 19 I I
Tres :, hunting term, 18 2I
Truage, tribute, 123, 5 I
Trussed, packed, 20 I8

Ubblie, wafer, Host, 17 20
Umbecast, cast about, 18 2I
Umberere, the part of the helmet which shaded the eyes, 8 4I Umbre, shade, 8 I
Unavised, thoughtlessly, 9 I7
Uncouth, strange, 3 6
Underne, 9-I2 A.M., 7 I9
Ungoodly, rudely, 7 3I
Unhappy, unlucky, 20 II
Unhilled, uncovered, 12 4
Unr the, scarcely, 115, 182
Unsicker, unstable, 17 z 3
Unwimpled, uncovered, 10 39
Unwrast, untwisted, unbound, 8 34
Upright, flat on the back, 16 8
Up-so-down, upside down, 10 60, 14 9, 21 3 Ure, usage, 1 I6
Utas, octave of a festival, 5 3
Utterance, uttermost, 9 3

Varlet, servant, 10 60
Venery, hunting, 8 3
Ven ails, breathing holes, 10 60
Villain, man of low birth, 10 6I
Visors, the perforated parts of helmets, 8 7 Voided, slipped away from, 1 I6

Wagging, shaking, 19 9
Waited, watched, 6 I6
Waits, watches, 7 30
Wallop, gallop, 1 2Z
Wanhope, despair, 16 IO, I3
Wap, ripple, 215
Ware, aware, 14 7
Warison, reward, 9 I2
Warn, forbid, refuse, 6 IO, 1G I
Weeds, garments, 10 71
Weltered, rolled about, 5 5, 118
Wend, thought, 4 27
Wer-wolf, a man turned into a wolf by magic, 19 11 Where, whereas, 9 7
Wide-where, over wide space, 9 z
Wield, possess, have power over, 7 z6 Wield himself, come to himself, 8 13
Wight, brave, strong, 7 9, 9 4, 20 z Wightly, swiftly, 213
Wildsome, desolate, 7 zz
Wimpled, with the head covered, 10 68 Win, make way, 9 4
Wite, v., blame, 1 W6, 4 1
Within-forth, on the inside, 16 I 3, 20 22 Without-forth, on the outside, 16 I 3, 20 22 Wittiest, cleverest, 17 3

Wittily, cleverly, 10 36
Witting, knowledge, 11 I4
Wold or nold, would or would not, 13 IO Wonder, adj., wondrous, 17 I
Wonder, adv., wondrously, 10 68, 20 22 Wonderly, wonderfully, 9 4
Wood, mad, 115, 9 3
Woodness, madness, 1 {5
Wood shaw, thicket of the wood, 9 I2 Worship, honour, 7 z 3
Worshipped, cause to be honoured, 18 5 Worts, roots, 16 3
Wot, know, 1 I6
Wrack, destruction, 20 I
Wroken, wreaked, 3 7
Wrothe, twisted, 1ø z
Yede, ran, 2 I 8
Yelden, yielded, 20 20
Yerde, stick, stem, 17 5
Yode, went, 6 z
Yolden, yielded, 5 IZ
Y-wis, certainly, 10 58