Enoch Arden &c. by Alfred Tennyson

ENOCH ARDEN, &c. by ALFRED TENNYSON. CONTENTS Enoch Arden Aylmer’s Field Sea Dreams The Grandmother Northern Farmer Miscellaneous. Tithonus The Voyage In the Valley of Cauteretz The Flower Requiescat The Sailor-Boy The Islet The Ringlet A Welcome to Alexandra Ode sung at the Opening of the International Exhibition A Dedication Experiments. Boadicea In Quantity Specimen
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  • 1864
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Enoch Arden
Aylmer’s Field
Sea Dreams
The Grandmother
Northern Farmer
The Voyage
In the Valley of Cauteretz
The Flower
The Sailor-Boy
The Islet
The Ringlet
A Welcome to Alexandra
Ode sung at the Opening of the
International Exhibition
A Dedication
In Quantity
Specimen of a Translation of
the Iliad in Blank Verse


Long lines of cliff breaking have left a chasm; And in the chasm are foam and yellow sands; Beyond, red roofs about a narrow wharf
In cluster; then a moulder’d church; and higher A long street climbs to one tall-tower’d mill; And high in heaven behind it a gray down With Danish barrows; and a hazelwood,
By autumn nutters haunted, flourishes Green in a cuplike hollow of the down.

Here on this beach a hundred years ago, Three children of three houses, Annie Lee, The prettiest little damsel in the port, And Philip Ray the miller’s only son,
And Enoch Arden, a rough sailor’s lad Made orphan by a winter shipwreck, play’d Among the waste and lumber of the shore, Hard coils of cordage, swarthy fishing-nets, Anchors of rusty fluke, and boats updrawn, And built their castles of dissolving sand To watch them overflow’d, or following up And flying the white breaker, daily left The little footprint daily wash’d away.

A narrow cave ran in beneath the cliff: In this the children play’d at keeping house. Enoch was host one day, Philip the next, While Annie still was mistress; but at times Enoch would hold possession for a week:
`This is my house and this my little wife.’ `Mine too’ said Philip `turn and turn about:’ When, if they quarrell’d, Enoch stronger-made Was master: then would Philip, his blue eyes All flooded with the helpless wrath of tears, Shriek out `I hate you, Enoch,’ and at this The little wife would weep for company,
And pray them not to quarrel for her sake, And say she would be little wife to both.

But when the dawn of rosy childhood past, And the new warmth of life’s ascending sun Was felt by either, either fixt his heart On that one girl; and Enoch spoke his love, But Philip loved in silence; and the girl Seem’d kinder unto Philip than to him;
But she loved Enoch; tho’ she knew it not, And would if ask’d deny it. Enoch set
A purpose evermore before his eyes, To hoard all savings to the uttermost,
To purchase his own boat, and make a home For Annie: and so prosper’d that at last A luckier or a bolder fisherman,
A carefuller in peril, did not breathe For leagues along that breaker-beaten coast Than Enoch. Likewise had he served a year On board a merchantman, and made himself Full sailor; and he thrice had pluck’d a life From the dread sweep of the down-streaming seas: And all me look’d upon him favorably:
And ere he touch’d his one-and-twentieth May He purchased his own boat, and made a home For Annie, neat and nestlike, halfway up The narrow street that clamber’d toward the mill.

Then, on a golden autumn eventide,
The younger people making holiday,
With bag and sack and basket, great and small, Went nutting to the hazels. Philip stay’d (His father lying sick and needing him)
An hour behind; but as he climb’d the hill, Just where the prone edge of the wood began To feather toward the hollow, saw the pair, Enoch and Annie, sitting hand-in-hand,
His large gray eyes and weather-beaten face All-kindled by a still and sacred fire,
That burn’d as on an altar. Philip look’d, And in their eyes and faces read his doom; Then, as their faces drew together, groan’d, And slipt aside, and like a wounded life Crept down into the hollows of the wood; There, while the rest were loud in merrymaking, Had his dark hour unseen, and rose and past Bearing a lifelong hunger in his heart.

So these were wed, and merrily rang the bells, And merrily ran the years, seven happy years, Seven happy years of health and competence, And mutual love and honorable toil;
With children; first a daughter. In him woke, With his first babe’s first cry, the noble wish To save all earnings to the uttermost,
And give his child a better bringing-up Than his had been, or hers; a wish renew’d, When two years after came a boy to be
The rosy idol of her solitudes,
While Enoch was abroad on wrathful seas, Or often journeying landward; for in truth Enoch’s white horse, and Enoch’s ocean-spoil In ocean-smelling osier, and his face,
Rough-redden’d with a thousand winter gales, Not only to the market-cross were known, But in the leafy lanes behind the down,
Far as the portal-warding lion-whelp, And peacock-yewtree of the lonely Hall,
Whose Friday fare was Enoch’s ministering.

Then came a change, as all things human change. Ten miles to northward of the narrow port Open’d a larger haven: thither used
Enoch at times to go by land or sea; And once when there, and clambering on a mast In harbor, by mischance he slipt and fell: A limb was broken when they lifted him;
And while he lay recovering there, his wife Bore him another son, a sickly one:
Another hand crept too across his trade Taking her bread and theirs: and on him fell, Altho’ a grave and staid God-fearing man, Yet lying thus inactive, doubt and gloom. He seem’d, as in a nightmare of the night, To see his children leading evermore
Low miserable lives of hand-to-mouth, And her, he loved, a beggar: then he pray’d `Save them from this, whatever comes to me.’ And while he pray’d, the master of that ship Enoch had served in, hearing his mischance, Came, for he knew the man and valued him, Reporting of his vessel China-bound,
And wanting yet a boatswain. Would he go? There yet were many weeks before she sail’d, Sail’d from this port. Would Enoch have the place? And Enoch all at once assented to it,
Rejoicing at that answer to his prayer.

So now that the shadow of mischance appear’d No graver than as when some little cloud Cuts off the fiery highway of the sun,
And isles a light in the offing: yet the wife– When he was gone–the children–what to do? Then Enoch lay long-pondering on his plans; To sell the boat–and yet he loved her well– How many a rough sea had he weather’d in her! He knew her, as a horseman knows his horse– And yet to sell her–then with what she brought Buy goods and stores–set Annie forth in trade With all that seamen needed or their wives– So might she keep the house while he was gone. Should he not trade himself out yonder? go This voyage more than once? yea twice or thrice– As oft as needed–last, returning rich,
Become the master of a larger craft, With fuller profits lead an easier life, Have all his pretty young ones educated, And pass his days in peace among his own.

Thus Enoch in his heart determined all: Then moving homeward came on Annie pale, Nursing the sickly babe, her latest-born. Forward she started with a happy cry,
And laid the feeble infant in his arms; Whom Enoch took, and handled all his limbs, Appraised his weight and fondled fatherlike, But had no heart to break his purposes
To Annie, till the morrow, when he spoke.

Then first since Enoch’s golden ring had girt Her finger, Annie fought against his will: Yet not with brawling opposition she,
But manifold entreaties, many a tear, Many a sad kiss by day and night renew’d (Sure that all evil would come out of it) Besought him, supplicating, if he cared
For here or his dear children, not to go. He not for his own self caring but her,
Her and her children, let her plead in vain; So grieving held his will, and bore it thro’.

For Enoch parted with his old sea-friend, Bought Annie goods and stores, and set his hand To fit their little streetward sitting-room With shelf and corner for the goods and stores. So all day long till Enoch’s last at home, Shaking their pretty cabin, hammer and axe, Auger and saw, while Annie seem’d to hear Her own death-scaffold raising, shrill’d and rang, Till this was ended, and his careful hand,– The space was narrow,–having order’d all Almost as neat and close as Nature packs Her blossom or her seedling, paused; and he, Who needs would work for Annie to the last, Ascending tired, heavily slept till morn.

And Enoch faced this morning of farewell Brightly and boldly. All his Annie’s fears, Save, as his Annie’s, were a laughter to him. Yet Enoch as a brave God-fearing man
Bow’d himself down, and in that mystery Where God-in-man is one with man-in-God, Pray’d for a blessing on his wife and babes Whatever came to him: and then he said
`Annie, this voyage by the grace of God Will bring fair weather yet to all of us. Keep a clean hearth and a clear fire for me, For I’ll be back, my girl, before you know it.’ Then lightly rocking baby’s cradle `and he, This pretty, puny, weakly little one,–
Nay–for I love him all the better for it– God bless him, he shall sit upon my knees And I will tell him tales of foreign parts, And make him merry, when I come home again. Come Annie, come, cheer up before I go.’

Him running on thus hopefully she heard, And almost hoped herself; but when he turn’d The current of his talk to graver things In sailor fashion roughly sermonizing
On providence and trust in Heaven, she heard, Heard and not heard him; as the village girl, Who sets her pitcher underneath the spring, Musing on him that used to fill it for her, Hears and not hears, and lets it overflow.

At length she spoke `O Enoch, you are wise; And yet for all your wisdom well know I
That I shall look upon your face no more.’

`Well then,’ said Enoch, `I shall look on yours. Annie, the ship I sail in passes here
(He named the day) get you a seaman’s glass, Spy out my face, and laugh at all your fears.’

But when the last of those last moments came, `Annie my girl, cheer up, be comforted,
Look to the babes, and till I come again, Keep everything shipshape, for I must go. And fear no more for me; or if you fear
Cast all your cares on God; that anchor holds. Is He not yonder in those uttermost
Parts of the morning? if I flee to these Can I go from Him? and the sea is His,
The sea is His: He made it.’

Enoch rose,
Cast his strong arms about his drooping wife, And kiss’d his wonder-stricken little ones; But for the third, sickly one, who slept After a night of feverous wakefulness,
When Annie would have raised him Enoch said `Wake him not; let him sleep; how should this child Remember this?’ and kiss’ed him in his cot. But Annie from her baby’s forehead clipt A tiny curl, and gave it: this he kept
Thro’ all his future; but now hastily caught His bundle, waved his hand, and went his way.

She when the day, that Enoch mention’d, came, Borrow’d a glass, but all in vain: perhaps She could not fix the glass to suit her eye; Perhaps her eye was dim, hand tremulous; She saw him not: and while he stood on deck Waving, the moment and the vessel past.

Ev’n to the last dip of the vanishing sail She watch’d it, and departed weeping for him; Then, tho’ she mourn’d his absence as his grave, Set her sad will no less to chime with his, But throve not in her trade, not being bred To barter, nor compensating the want
By shrewdness, neither capable of lies, Nor asking overmuch and taking less,
And still foreboding `what would Enoch say?’ For more than once, in days of difficulty And pressure, had she sold her wares for less Than what she gave in buying what she sold: She fail’d and sadden’d knowing it; and thus, Expectant of that news that never came,
Gain’d for here own a scanty sustenance, And lived a life of silent melancholy.

Now the third child was sickly-born and grew Yet sicklier, tho’ the mother cared for it With all a mother’s care: nevertheless,
Whether her business often call’d her from it, Or thro’ the want of what it needed most, Or means to pay the voice who best could tell What most it needed–howsoe’er it was,
After a lingering,–ere she was aware,– Like the caged bird escaping suddenly,
The little innocent soul flitted away.

In that same week when Annie buried it, Philip’s true heart, which hunger’d for her peace (Since Enoch left he had not look’d upon her), Smote him, as having kept aloof so long. `Surely’ said Philip `I may see her now, May be some little comfort;’ therefore went, Past thro’ the solitary room in front,
Paused for a moment at an inner door, Then struck it thrice, and, no one opening, Enter’d; but Annie, seated with her grief, Fresh from the burial of her little one, Cared not to look on any human face,
But turn’d her own toward the wall and wept. Then Philip standing up said falteringly `Annie, I came to ask a favor of you.’

He spoke; the passion in her moan’d reply `Favor from one so sad and so forlorn
As I am!’ half abash’d him; yet unask’d, His bashfulness and tenderness at war,
He set himself beside her, saying to her:

`I came to speak to you of what he wish’d, Enoch, your husband: I have ever said
You chose the best among us–a strong man: For where he fixt his heart he set his hand To do the thing he will’d, and bore it thro’. And wherefore did he go this weary way,
And leave you lonely? not to see the world– For pleasure?–nay, but for the wherewithal To give his babes a better bringing-up
Than his had been, or yours: that was his wish. And if he come again, vext will he be
To find the precious morning hours were lost. And it would vex him even in his grave,
If he could know his babes were running wild Like colts about the waste. So Annie, now– Have we not known each other all our lives? I do beseech you by the love you bear
Him and his children not to say me nay– For, if you will, when Enoch comes again Why then he shall repay me–if you will, Annie–for I am rich and well-to-do.
Now let me put the boy and girl to school: This is the favor that I came to ask.’

Then Annie with her brows against the wall Answer’d `I cannot look you in the face; I seem so foolish and so broken down.
When you came in my sorrow broke me down; And now I think your kindness breaks me down; But Enoch lives; that is borne in on me: He will repay you: money can be repaid;
Not kindness such as yours.’

And Philip ask’d
`Then you will let me, Annie?’

There she turn’d,
She rose, and fixt her swimming eyes upon him, And dwelt a moment on his kindly face,
Then calling down a blessing on his head Caught at his hand and wrung it passionately, And past into the little garth beyond.
So lifted up in spirit he moved away.

Then Philip put the boy and girl to school, And bought them needful books, and everyway, Like one who does his duty by his own,
Made himself theirs; and tho’ for Annie’s sake, Fearing the lazy gossip of the port,
He oft denied his heart his dearest wish, And seldom crost her threshold, yet he sent Gifts by the children, garden-herbs and fruit, The late and early roses from his wall,
Or conies from the down, and now and then, With some pretext of fineness in the meal To save the offence of charitable, flour From his tall mill that whistled on the waste.

But Philip did not fathom Annie’s mind: Scarce could the woman when he came upon her, Out of full heart and boundless gratitude Light on a broken word to thank him with. But Philip was her children’s all-in-all; From distant corners of the street they ran To greet his hearty welcome heartily;
Lords of his house and of his mill were they; Worried his passive ear with petty wrongs Or pleasures, hung upon him, play’d with him And call’d him Father Philip. Philip gain’d As Enoch lost; for Enoch seem’d to them
Uncertain as a vision or a dream,
Faint as a figure seen in early dawn Down at the far end of an avenue,
Going we know not where: and so ten years, Since Enoch left his hearth and native land, Fled forward, and no news of Enoch came.

It chanced one evening Annie’s children long’d To go with others, nutting to the wood,
And Annie would go with them; then they begg’d For Father Philip (as they call’d him) too: Him, like the working bee in blossom-dust, Blanch’d with his mill, they found; and saying to him `Come with us Father Philip’ he denied;
But when the children pluck’d at him to go, He laugh’d, and yielding readily to their wish, For was not Annie with them? and they went.

But after scaling half the weary down, Just where the prone edge of the wood began To feather toward the hollow, all her force Fail’d her; and sighing `let me rest’ she said. So Philip rested with her well-content;
While all the younger ones with jubilant cries Broke from their elders, and tumultuously Down thro’ the whitening hazels made a plunge To the bottom, and dispersed, and beat or broke The lithe reluctant boughs to tear away
Their tawny clusters, crying to each other And calling, here and there, about the wood.

But Philip sitting at her side forgot Her presence, and remember’d one dark hour Here in this wood, when like a wounded life He crept into the shadow: at last he said Lifting his honest forehead `Listen, Annie, How merry they are down yonder in the wood.’ `Tired, Annie?’ for she did not speak a word. `Tired?’ but her face had fall’n upon her hands; At which, as with a kind anger in him,
`The ship was lost’ he said `the ship was lost! No more of that! why should you kill yourself And make them orphans quite?’ And Annie said `I thought not of it: but–I known not why– Their voices make me feel so solitary.’

Then Philip coming somewhat closer spoke. `Annie, there is a thing upon my mind,
And it has been upon my mind so long, That tho’ I know not when it first came there, I know that it will out at last. O Annie, It is beyond all hope, against all chance, That he who left you ten long years ago
Should still be living; well then–let me speak: I grieve to see you poor and wanting help: I cannot help you as I wish to do
Unless–they say that women are so quick– Perhaps you know what I would have you know– I wish you for my wife. I fain would prove A father to your children: I do think
They love me as a father: I am sure That I love them as if they were mine own; And I believe, if you were fast my wife, That after all these sad uncertain years, We might be still as happy as God grants To any of His creatures. Think upon it:
For I am well-to-do–no kin, no care, No burthen, save my care for you and yours: And we have known each other all our lives, And I have loved you longer than you know.’

Then answer’d Annie; tenderly she spoke: `You have been as God’s good angel in our house. God bless you for it, God reward you for it, Philip, with something happier than myself. Can one live twice? can you be ever loved As Enoch was? what is it that you ask?’
`I am content’ he answer’d `to be loved A little after Enoch.’ `O’ she cried
Scared as it were `dear Philip, wait a while: If Enoch comes–but Enoch will not come– Yet wait a year, a year is not so long:
Surely I shall be wiser in a year:
O wait a little!’ Philip sadly said `Annie, as I have waited all my life
I well may wait a little.’ `Nay’ she cried `I am bound: you have my promise–in a year: Will you not bide your year as I bide mine?’ And Philip answer’d `I will bide my year.’

Here both were mute, till Philip glancing up Beheld the dead flame of the fallen day
Pass from the Danish barrow overhead; Then fearing night and chill for Annie rose, And sent his voice beneath him thro’ the wood. Up came the children laden with their spoil; Then all descended to the port, and there At Annie’s door he paused and gave his hand, Saying gently `Annie, when I spoke to you, That was your hour of weakness. I was wrong. I am always bound to you, but you are free.’ Then Annie weeping answer’d `I am bound.’

She spoke; and in one moment as it were, While yet she went about her household ways, Ev’n as she dwelt upon his latest words, That he had loved her longer than she knew, That autumn into autumn flash’d again,
And there he stood once more before her face, Claiming her promise. `Is it a year?’ she ask’d. `Yes, if the nuts’ he said `be ripe again: Come out and see.’ But she–she put him off– So much to look to–such a change–a month– Give her a month–she knew that she was bound– A month–no more. Then Philip with his eyes Full of that lifelong hunger, and his voice Shaking a little like a drunkard’s hand, `Take your own time, Annie, take your own time.’ And Annie could have wept for pity of him; And yet she held him on delayingly
With many a scarce-believable excuse, Trying his truth and his long-sufferance, Till half-another year had slipt away.

By this the lazy gossips of the port, Abhorrent of a calculation crost,
Began to chafe as at a personal wrong. Some thought that Philip did but trifle with her; Some that she but held off to draw him on; And others laugh’d at her and Philip too, As simple folks that knew not their own minds; And one, in whom all evil fancies clung
Like serpent eggs together, laughingly Would hint a worse in either. Her own son Was silent, tho’ he often look’d his wish; But evermore the daughter prest upon her To wed the man so dear to all of them
And lift the household out of poverty; And Philip’s rosy face contracting grew
Careworn and wan; and all these things fell on her Sharp as reproach.

At last one night it chanced That Annie could not sleep, but earnestly Pray’d for a sign `my Enoch is he gone?’ Then compass’d round by the blind wall of night Brook’d not the expectant terror of her heart, Started from bed, and struck herself a light, Then desperately seized the holy Book,
Suddenly set it wide to find a sign, Suddenly put her finger on the text,
`Under a palmtree.’ That was nothing to her: No meaning there: she closed the book and slept: When lo! her Enoch sitting on a height,
Under a palmtree, over him the Sun: `He is gone’ she thought `he is happy, he is singing Hosanna in the highest: yonder shines
The Sun of Righteousness, and these be palms Whereof the happy people strowing cried
“Hosanna in the highest!”‘ Here she woke, Resolved, sent for him and said wildly to him `There is no reason why we should not wed.’ `Then for God’s sake,’ he answer’d, `both our sakes, So you will wed me, let it be at once.’

So these were wed and merrily rang the bells, Merrily rang the bells and they were wed. But never merrily beat Annie’s heart.
A footstep seem’d to fall beside her path, She knew not whence; a whisper in her ear, She knew not what; nor loved she to be left Alone at home, nor ventured out alone.
What ail’d her then, that ere she enter’d, often Her hand dwelt lingeringly on the latch, Fearing to enter: Philip thought he knew: Such doubts and fears were common to her state, Being with child: but when her child was born, Then her new child was as herself renew’d, Then the new mother came about her heart, Then her good Philip was her all-in-all, And that mysterious instinct wholly died.

And where was Enoch? prosperously sail’d The ship `Good Fortune,’ tho’ at setting forth The Biscay, roughly ridging eastward, shook And almost overwhelm’d her, yet unvext
She slipt across the summer of the world, Then after a long tumble about the Cape
And frequent interchange of foul and fair, She passing thro’ the summer world again, The breath of heaven came continually
And sent her sweetly by the golden isles, Till silent in her oriental haven.

There Enoch traded for himself, and bought Quaint monsters for the market of those times, A gilded dragon, also, for the babes.

Less lucky her home-voyage: at first indeed Thro’ many a fair sea-circle, day by day, Scarce-rocking, her full-busted figure-head Stared o’er the ripple feathering from her bows: Then follow’d calms, and then winds variable, Then baffling, a long course of them; and last Storm, such as drove her under moonless heavens Till hard upon the cry of `breakers’ came The crash of ruin, and the loss of all
But Enoch and two others. Half the night, Buoy’d upon floating tackle and broken spars, These drifted, stranding on an isle at morn Rich, but loneliest in a lonely sea.

No want was there of human sustenance, Soft fruitage, mighty nuts, and nourishing roots; Nor save for pity was it hard to take
The helpless life so wild that it was tame. There in a seaward-gazing mountain-gorge They built, and thatch’d with leaves of palm, a hut, Half hut, half native cavern. So the three, Set in this Eden of all plenteousness,
Dwelt with eternal summer, ill-content.

For one, the youngest, hardly more than boy, Hurt in that night of sudden ruin and wreck, Lay lingering out a three-years’ death-in-life. They could not leave him. After he was gone, The two remaining found a fallen stem;
And Enoch’s comrade, careless of himself, Fire-hollowing this in Indian fashion, fell Sun-stricken, and that other lived alone. In those two deaths he read God’s warning `wait.’

The mountain wooded to the peak, the lawns And winding glades high up like ways to Heaven, The slender coco’s drooping crown of plumes, The lightning flash of insect and of bird, The lustre of the long convolvuluses
That coil’d around the stately stems, and ran Ev’n to the limit of the land, the glows And glories of the broad belt of the world, All these he saw; but what he fain had seen He could not see, the kindly human face, Nor ever hear a kindly voice, but heard
The myriad shriek of wheeling ocean-fowl, The league-long roller thundering on the reef, The moving whisper of huge trees that branch’d And blossom’d in the zenith, or the sweep Of some precipitous rivulet to the wave, As down the shore he ranged, or all day long Sat often in the seaward-gazing gorge,
A shipwreck’d sailor, waiting for a sail: No sail from day to day, but every day
The sunrise broken into scarlet shafts Among the palms and ferns and precipices; The blaze upon the waters to the east;
The blaze upon his island overhead; The blaze upon the waters to the west;
Then the great stars that globed themselves in Heaven, The hollower-bellowing ocean, and again
The scarlet shafts of sunrise–but no sail.

There often as he watch’d or seem’d to watch, So still, the golden lizard on him paused, A phantom made of many phantoms moved
Before him haunting him, or he himself Moved haunting people, things and places, known Far in a darker isle beyond the line;
The babes, their babble, Annie, the small house, The climbing street, the mill, the leafy lanes, The peacock-yewtree and the lonely Hall, The horse he drove, the boat he sold, the chill November dawns and dewy-glooming downs,
The gentle shower, the smell of dying leaves, And the low moan of leaden-color’d seas.

Once likewise, in the ringing of his ears, Tho’ faintly, merrily–far and far away– He heard the pealing of his parish bells; Then, tho’ he knew not wherefore, started up Shuddering, and when the beauteous hateful isle Return’d upon him, had not his poor heart Spoken with That, which being everywhere Lets none, who speaks with Him, seem all alone, Surely the man had died of solitude.

Thus over Enoch’s early-silvering head The sunny and rainy seasons came and went Year after year. His hopes to see his own, And pace the sacred old familiar fields, Not yet had perish’d, when his lonely doom Came suddenly to an end. Another ship
(She wanted water) blown by baffling winds, Like the Good Fortune, from her destined course, Stay’d by this isle, not knowing where she lay: For since the mate had seen at early dawn Across a break on the mist-wreathen isle The silent water slipping from the hills, They sent a crew that landing burst away In search of stream or fount, and fill’d the shores With clamor. Downward from his mountain gorge Stept the long-hair’d long-bearded solitary, Brown, looking hardly human, strangely clad, Muttering and mumbling, idiotlike it seem’d, With inarticulate rage, and making signs They knew not what: and yet he led the way To where the rivulets of sweet water ran; And ever as he mingled with the crew,
And heard them talking, his long-bounden tongue Was loosen’d, till he made them understand; Whom, when their casks were fill’d they took aboard: And there the tale he utter’d brokenly,
Scarce credited at first but more and more, Amazed and melted all who listen’d to it: And clothes they gave him and free passage home; But oft he work’d among the rest and shook His isolation from him. None of these
Came from his county, or could answer him, If question’d, aught of what he cared to know. And dull the voyage was with long delays, The vessel scarce sea-worthy; but evermore His fancy fled before the lazy wind
Returning, till beneath a clouded moon He like a lover down thro’ all his blood Drew in the dewy meadowy morning-breath
Of England, blown across her ghostly wall: And that same morning officers and men
Levied a kindly tax upon themselves, Pitying the lonely man, and gave him it: Then moving up the coast they landed him, Ev’n in that harbor whence he sail’d before.

There Enoch spoke no word to anyone, But homeward–home–what home? had he a home? His home, he walk’d. Bright was that afternoon, Sunny but chill; till drawn thro’ either chasm, Where either haven open’d on the deeps,
Roll’d a sea-haze and whelm’d the world in gray; Cut off the length of highway on before, And left but narrow breadth to left and right Of wither’d holt or tilth or pasturage.
On the nigh-naked tree the Robin piped Disconsolate, and thro’ the dripping haze The dead weight of the dead leaf bore it down. Thicker the drizzle grew, deeper the gloom; Last, as it seem’d, a great mist-blotted light Flared on him, and he came upon the place.

Then down the long street having slowly stolen, His heart foreshadowing all calamity,
His eyes upon the stones, he reach’d the home Where Annie lived and loved him, and his babes In those far-off seven happy years were born; But finding neither light nor murmur there (A bill of sale gleam’d thro’ the drizzle) crept Still downward thinking `dead or dead to me!’

Down to the pool and narrow wharf he went, Seeking a tavern which of old he knew,
A front of timber-crost antiquity,
So propt, worm-eaten, ruinously old, He thought it must have gone; but he was gone Who kept it; and his widow, Miriam Lane, With daily-dwindling profits held the house; A haunt of brawling seamen once, but now Stiller, with yet a bed for wandering men. There Enoch rested silently many days.

But Miriam Lane was good and garrulous, Nor let him be, but often breaking in,
Told him, with other annals of the port, Not knowing–Enoch was so brown, so bow’d, So broken–all the story of his house.
His baby’s death, her growing poverty, How Philip put her little ones to school, And kept them in it, his long wooing her, Her slow consent, and marriage, and the birth Of Philip’s child: and o’er his countenance No shadow past, nor motion: anyone,
Regarding, well had deem’d he felt the tale Less than the teller: only when she closed `Enoch, poor man, was cast away and lost’ He, shaking his gray head pathetically,
Repeated muttering `cast away and lost;’ Again in deeper inward whispers `lost!’

But Enoch yearn’d to see her face again; `If I might look on her sweet face gain And know that she is happy.’ So the thought Haunted and harass’d him, and drove him forth, At evening when the dull November day
Was growing duller twilight, to the hill. There he sat down gazing on all below;
There did a thousand memories roll upon him, Unspeakable for sadness. By and by
The ruddy square of comfortable light, Far-blazing from the rear of Philip’s house, Allured him, as the beacon-blaze allures The bird of passage, till he madly strikes Against it, and beats out his weary life.
For Philip’s dwelling fronted on the street, The latest house to landward; but behind, With one small gate that open’d on the waste, Flourish’d a little garden square and wall’d: And in it throve an ancient evergreen,
A yewtree, and all round it ran a walk Of shingle, and a walk divided it:
But Enoch shunn’d the middle walk and stole Up by the wall, behind the yew; and thence That which he better might have shunn’d, if griefs Like his have worse or better, Enoch saw.

For cups and silver on the burnish’d board Sparkled and shone; so genial was the hearth: And on the right hand of the hearth he saw Philip, the slighted suitor of old times, Stout, rosy, with his babe across his knees; And o’er her second father stoopt a girl, A later but a loftier Annie Lee,
Fair-hair’d and tall, and from her lifted hand Dangled a length of ribbon and a ring
To tempt the babe, who rear’d his creasy arms, Caught at and ever miss’d it, and they laugh’d: And on the left hand of the hearth he saw The mother glancing often toward her babe, But turning now and then to speak with him, Her son, who stood beside her tall and strong, And saying that which pleased him, for he smiled.

Now when the dead man come to life beheld His wife his wife no more, and saw the babe Hers, yet not his, upon the father’s knee, And all the warmth, the peace, the happiness, And his own children tall and beautiful, And him, that other, reigning in his place, Lord of his rights and of his children’s love,– Then he, tho’ Miriam Lane had told him all, Because things seen are mightier than things heard, Stagger’d and shook, holding the branch, and fear’d To send abroad a shrill and terrible cry, Which in one moment, like the blast of doom, Would shatter all the happiness of the hearth.

He therefore turning softly like a thief, Lest the harsh shingle should grate underfoot, And feeling all along the garden-wall,
Lest he should swoon and tumble and be found, Crept to the gate, and open’d it, and closed, As lightly as a sick man’s chamber-door, Behind him, and came out upon the waste.

And there he would have knelt, but that his knees Were feeble, so that falling prone he dug His fingers into the wet earth, and pray’d.

`Too hard to bear! why did they take me hence? O God Almighty, blessed Saviour, Thou
That didst uphold me on my lonely isle, Uphold me, Father, in my loneliness
A little longer! aid me, give me strength Not to tell her, never to let her know.
Help me no to break in upon her peace. My children too! must I not speak to these? They know me not. I should betray myself. Never: not father’s kiss for me–the girl So like her mother, and the boy, my son.’

There speech and thought and nature fail’d a little, And he lay tranced; but when he rose and paced Back toward his solitary home again,
All down the long and narrow street he went Beating it in upon his weary brain,
As tho’ it were the burthen of a song, `Not to tell her, never to let her know.’

He was not all unhappy. His resolve
Upbore him, and firm faith, and evermore Prayer from a living source within the will, And beating up thro’ all the bitter world, Like fountains of sweet water in the sea, Kept him a living soul. `This miller’s wife’ He said to Miriam `that you told me of,
Has she no fear that her first husband lives?’ `Ay ay, poor soul’ said Miriam, `fear enow! If you could tell her you had seen him dead, Why, that would be her comfort;’ and he thought `After the Lord has call’d me she shall know, I wait His time’ and Enoch set himself,
Scorning an alms, to work whereby to live. Almost to all things could he turn his hand. Cooper he was and carpenter, and wrought To make the boatmen fishing-nets, or help’d At lading and unlading the tall barks,
That brought the stinted commerce of those days; Thus earn’d a scanty living for himself: Yet since he did but labor for himself,
Work without hope, there was not life in it Whereby the man could live; and as the year Roll’d itself round again to meet the day When Enoch had return’d, a languor came
Upon him, gentle sickness, gradually Weakening the man, till he could do no more, But kept the house, his chair, and last his bed. And Enoch bore his weakness cheerfully.
For sure no gladlier does the stranded wreck See thro’ the gray skirts of a lifting squall The boat that bears the hope of life approach To save the life despair’d of, than he saw Death dawning on him, and the close of all.

For thro’ that dawning gleam’d a kindlier hope On Enoch thinking `after I am gone,
Then may she learn I loved her to the last.’ He call’d aloud for Miriam Lane and said `Woman, I have a secret–only swear,
Before I tell you–swear upon the book Not to reveal it, till you see me dead.’ `Dead’ clamor’d the good woman `hear him talk! I warrant, man, that we shall bring you round.’ `Swear’ add Enoch sternly `on the book.’ And on the book, half-frighted, Miriam swore. Then Enoch rolling his gray eyes upon her, `Did you know Enoch Arden of this town?’ `Know him?’ she said `I knew him far away. Ay, ay, I mind him coming down the street; Held his head high, and cared for no man, he.’ Slowly and sadly Enoch answer’d her;
`His head is low, and no man cares for him. I think I have not three days more to live; I am the man.’ At which the woman gave
A half-incredulous, half-hysterical cry. `You Arden, you! nay,–sure he was a foot Higher than you be.’ Enoch said again
`My God has bow’d me down to what I am; My grief and solitude have broken me;
Nevertheless, know that I am he
Who married–but that name has twice been changed– I married her who married Philip Ray.
Sit, listen.’ Then he told her of his voyage, His wreck, his lonely life, his coming back, His gazing in on Annie, his resolve,
And how he kept it. As the woman heard, Fast flow’d the current of her easy tears, While in her heart she yearn’d incessantly To rush abroad all round the little haven, Proclaiming Enoch Arden and his woes;
But awed and promise-bounded she forbore, Saying only `See your bairns before you go! Eh, let me fetch ’em, Arden,’ and arose
Eager to bring them down, for Enoch hung A moment on her words, but then replied.

`Woman, disturb me not now at the last, But let me hold my purpose till I die.
Sit down again; mark me and understand, While I have power to speak. I charge you now, When you shall see her, tell her that I died Blessing her, praying for her, loving her; Save for the bar between us, loving her
As when she laid her head beside my own. And tell my daughter Annie, whom I saw
So like her mother, that my latest breath Was spent in blessing her and praying for her. And tell my son that I died blessing him. And say to Philip that I blest him too;
He never meant us any thing but good. But if my children care to see me dead,
Who hardly saw me living, let them come, I am their father; but she must not come, For my dead face would vex her after-life. And now there is but one of all my blood, Who will embrace me in the world-to-be:
This hair is his: she cut it off and gave it, And I have borne it with me all these years, And thought to bear it with me to my grave; But now my mind is changed, for I shall see him, My babe in bliss: wherefore when I am gone, Take, give her this, for it may comfort her: It will moreover be a token to her,
That I am he.’

He ceased; and Miriam Lane
Made such a voluble answer promising all, That once again he roll’d his eyes upon her Repeating all he wish’d, and once again
She promised.

Then the third night after this, While Enoch slumber’d motionless and pale, And Miriam watch’d and dozed at intervals, There came so loud a calling of the sea, That all the houses in the haven rang.
He woke, he rose, he spread his arms abroad Crying with a loud voice `a sail! a sail! I am saved’; and so fell back and spoke no more.

So past the strong heroic soul away. And when they buried him the little port Had seldom seen a costlier funeral.



Dust are our frames; and gilded dust, our pride Looks only for a moment whole and sound; Like that long-buried body of the king,
Found lying with his urns and ornaments, Which at a touch of light, an air of heaven, Slipt into ashes and was found no more.

Here is a story which in rougher shape Came from a grizzled cripple, whom I saw Sunning himself in a waste field alone– Old, and a mine of memories–who had served, Long since, a bygone Rector of the place, And been himself a part of what he told.

Sir Aylmer Aylmer that almighty man, The county God–in whose capacious hall, Hung with a hundred shields, the family tree Sprang from the midriff of a prostrate king– Whose blazing wyvern weathercock’d the spire, Stood from his walls and wing’d his entry-gates And swang besides on many a windy sign– Whose eyes from under a pyramidal head
Saw from his windows nothing save his own– What lovelier of his own had he than her, His only child, his Edith, whom he loved As heiress and not heir regretfully?
But `he that marries her marries her name’ This fiat somewhat soothed himself and wife, His wife a faded beauty of the Baths,
Insipid as the Queen upon a card;
Her all of thought and bearing hardly more Than his own shadow in a sickly sun.

A land of hops and poppy-mingled corn, Little about it stirring save a brook!
A sleepy land where under the same wheel The same old rut would deepen year by year; Where almost all the village had one name; Where Aylmer follow’d Aylmer at the Hall And Averill Averill at the Rectory
Thrice over; so that Rectory and Hall, Bound in an immemorial intimacy,
Were open to each other; tho’ to dream That Love could bind them closer well had made The hoar hair of the Baronet bristle up
With horror, worse than had he heard his priest Preach an inverted scripture, sons of men Daughters of God; so sleepy was the land.

And might not Averill, had he will’d it so, Somewhere beneath his own low range of roofs, Have also set his many-shielded tree?
There was an Aylmer-Averill marriage once, When the red rose was redder than itself, And York’s white rose as red as Lancaster’s, With wounded peace which each had prick’d to death. `Not proven’ Averill said, or laughingly `Some other race of Averills’–prov’n or no, What cared he? what, if other or the same? He lean’d not on his fathers but himself. But Leolin, his brother, living oft
With Averill, and a year or two before Call’d to the bar, but ever call’d away
By one low voice to one dear neighborhood, Would often, in his walks with Edith, claim A distant kinship to the gracious blood
That shook the heart of Edith hearing him.

Sanguine he was: a but less vivid hue Than of that islet in the chestnut-bloom Flamed his cheek; and eager eyes, that still Took joyful note of all things joyful, beam’d, Beneath a manelike mass of rolling gold, Their best and brightest, when they dwelt on hers. Edith, whose pensive beauty, perfect else, But subject to the season or the mood,
Shone like a mystic star between the less And greater glory varying to and fro,
We know not wherefore; bounteously made, And yet so finely, that a troublous touch Thinn’d, or would seem to thin her in a day, A joyous to dilate, as toward the light. And these had been together from the first. Leolin’s first nurse was, five years after, hers: So much the boy foreran; but when his date Doubled her own, for want of playmates, he (Since Averill was a decad and a half
His elder, and their parents underground) Had tost his ball and flown his kite, and roll’d His hoop to pleasure Edith, with her dipt Against the rush of the air in the prone swing, Made blossom-ball or daisy-chain, arranged Her garden, sow’d her name and kept it green In living letters, told her fairy-tales, Show’d here the fairy footings on the grass, The little dells of cowslip, fairy palms, The petty marestail forest, fairy pines, Or from the tiny pitted target blew
What look’d a flight of fairy arrows aim’d All at one mark, all hitting: make-believes For Edith and himself: or else he forged, But that was later, boyish histories
Of battle, bold adventure, dungeon, wreck, Flights, terrors, sudden rescues, and true love Crown’d after trial; sketches rude and faint, But where a passion yet unborn perhaps
Lay hidden as the music of the moon Sleeps in the plain eggs of the nightingale. And thus together, save for college-times Or Temple-eaten terms, a couple, fair
As ever painter painted, poet sang, Or Heav’n in lavish bounty moulded, grew. And more and more, the maiden woman-grown, He wasted hours with Averill; there, when first The tented winter-field was broken up
Into that phalanx of the summer spears That soon should wear the garland; there again When burr and bine were gather’d; lastly there At Christmas; ever welcome at the Hall,
On whose dull sameness his full tide of youth Broke with a phosphorescence cheering even My lady; and the Baronet yet had laid
No bar between them: dull and self-involved, Tall and erect, but bending from his height With half-allowing smiles for all the world, And mighty courteous in the main–his pride Lay deeper than to wear it as his ring– He, like an Aylmer in his Aylmerism,
Would care no more for Leolin’s walking with her Than for his old Newfoundland’s, when they ran To loose him at the stables, for he rose Twofooted at the limit of his chain,
Roaring to make a third: and how should Love, Whom the cross-lightnings of four chance-met eyes Flash into fiery life from nothing, follow Such dear familiarities of dawn?
Seldom, but when he does, Master of all.

So these young hearts not knowing that they loved, Not she at least, nor conscious of a bar Between them, nor by plight or broken ring Bound, but an immemorial intimacy,
Wander’d at will, but oft accompanied By Averill: his, a brother’s love, that hung With wings of brooding shelter o’er her peace, Might have been other, save for Leolin’s– Who knows? but so they wander’d, hour by hour Gather’d the blossom that rebloom’d, and drank The magic cup that fill’d itself anew.

A whisper half reveal’d her to herself. For out beyond her lodges, where the brook Vocal, with here and there a silence, ran By sallowy rims, arose the laborers’ homes, A frequent haunt of Edith, on low knolls That dimpling died into each other, huts At random scatter’d, each a nest in bloom. Her art, her hand, her counsel all had wrought About them: here was one that, summer-blanch’d, Was parcel-bearded with the traveller’s-joy In Autumn, parcel ivy-clad; and here
The warm-blue breathings of a hidden hearth Broke from a bower of vine and honeysuckle: One look’d all rosetree, and another wore A close-set robe of jasmine sown with stars: This had a rosy sea of gillyflowers
About it; this, a milky-way on earth, Like visions in the Northern dreamer’s heavens, A lily-avenue climbing to the doors;
One, almost to the martin-haunted eaves A summer burial deep in hollyhocks;
Each, its own charm; and Edith’s everywhere; And Edith ever visitant with him,
He but less loved than Edith, of her poor: For she–so lowly-lovely and so loving,
Queenly responsive when the loyal hand Rose from the clay it work’d in as she past, Not sowing hedgerow texts and passing by, Nor dealing goodly counsel from a height That makes the lowest hate it, but a voice Of comfort and an open hand of help,
A splendid presence flattering the poor roofs Revered as theirs, but kindlier than themselves To ailing wife or wailing infancy
Or old bedridden palsy,–was adored; He, loved for her and for himself. A grasp Having the warmth and muscle of the heart, A childly way with children, and a laugh Ringing like proved golden coinage true, Were no false passport to that easy realm, Where once with Leolin at her side the girl, Nursing a child, and turning to the warmth The tender pink five-beaded baby-soles,
Heard the good mother softly whisper `Bless, God bless ’em; marriages are made in Heaven.’

A flash of semi-jealousy clear’d it to her. My Lady’s Indian kinsman unannounced
With half a score of swarthy faces came. His own, tho’ keen and bold and soldierly, Sear’d by the close ecliptic, was not fair; Fairer his talk, a tongue that ruled the hour, Tho’ seeming boastful: so when first he dash’d Into the chronicle of a deedful day,
Sir Aylmer half forgot his lazy smile Of patron `Good! my lady’s kinsman! good!’ My lady with her fingers interlock’d,
And rotatory thumbs on silken knees, Call’d all her vital spirits into each ear To listen: unawares they flitted off,
Busying themselves about the flowerage That stood from our a stiff brocade in which, The meteor of a splendid season, she,
Once with this kinsman, ah so long ago, Stept thro’ the stately minuet of those days: But Edith’s eager fancy hurried with him Snatch’d thro’ the perilous passes of his life: Till Leolin ever watchful of her eye
Hated him with a momentary hate.
Wife-hunting, as the rumor ran, was he: I know not, for he spoke not, only shower’d His oriental gifts on everyone
And most on Edith: like a storm he came, And shook the house, and like a storm he went.

Among the gifts he left her (possibly He flow’d and ebb’d uncertain, to return When others had been tested) there was one, A dagger, in rich sheath with jewels on it Sprinkled about in gold that branch’d itself Fine as ice-ferns on January panes
Made by a breath. I know not whence at first, Nor of what race, the work; but as he told The story, storming a hill-fort of thieves He got it; for their captain after fight, His comrades having fought their last below, Was climbing up the valley; at whom he shot: Down from the beetling crag to which he clung Tumbled the tawny rascal at his feet,
This dagger with him, which when now admired By Edith whom his pleasure was to please, At once the costly Sahib yielded it to her.

And Leolin, coming after he was gone, Tost over all her presents petulantly:
And when she show’d the wealthy scabbard, saying `Look what a lovely piece of workmanship!’ Slight was his answer `Well–I care not for it:’ Then playing with the blade he prick’d his hand, `A gracious gift to give a lady, this!’
`But would it be more gracious’ ask’d the girl `Were I to give this gift of his to one
That is no lady?’ `Gracious? No’ said he. `Me?–but I cared not for it. O pardon me, I seem to be ungraciousness itself.’
`Take it’ she added sweetly `tho’ his gift; For I am more ungracious ev’n than you,
I care not for it either;’ and he said `Why then I love it:’ but Sir Aylmer past, And neither loved nor liked the thing he heard.

The next day came a neighbor. Blues and reds They talk’d of: blues were sure of it, he thought: Then of the latest fox–where started–kill’d In such a bottom: `Peter had the brush,
My Peter, first:’ and did Sir Aylmer know That great pock-pitten fellow had been caught? Then made his pleasure echo, hand to hand, And rolling as it were the substance of it Between his palms a moment up and down– `The birds were warm, the birds were warm upon him; We have him now:’ and had Sir Aylmer heard– Nay, but he must–the land was ringing of it– This blacksmith-border marriage–one they knew– Raw from the nursery–who could trust a child? That cursed France with her egalities!
And did Sir Aylmer (deferentially
With nearing chair and lower’d accent) think– For people talk’d–that it was wholly wise To let that handsome fellow Averill walk So freely with his daughter? people talk’d– The boy might get a notion into him;
The girl might be entangled ere she knew. Sir Aylmer Aylmer slowly stiffening spoke: `The girl and boy, Sir, know their differences!’ `Good’ said his friend `but watch!’ and he `enough, More than enough, Sir! I can guard my own.’ They parted, and Sir Aylmer Aylmer watch’d.

Pale, for on her the thunders of the house Had fallen first, was Edith that same night; Pale as the Jeptha’s daughter, a rough piece Of early rigid color, under which
Withdrawing by the counter door to that Which Leolin open’d, she cast back upon him A piteous glance, and vanish’d. He, as one Caught in a burst of unexpected storm,
And pelted with outrageous epithets, Turning beheld the Powers of the House
On either side the hearth, indignant; her, Cooling her false cheek with a featherfan, Him glaring, by his own stale devil spurr’d, And, like a beast hard-ridden, breathing hard. `Ungenerous, dishonorable, base,
Presumptuous! trusted as he was with her, The sole succeeder to their wealth, their lands, The last remaining pillar of their house, The one transmitter of their ancient name, Their child.’ `Our child!’ `Our heiress!’ `Ours!’ for still,
Like echoes from beyond a hollow, came Her sicklier iteration. Last he said
`Boy, mark me! for your fortunes are to make. I swear you shall not make them out of mine. Now inasmuch as you have practised on her, Perplext her, made her half forget herself, Swerve from her duty to herself and us– Things in an Aylmer deem’d impossible,
Far as we track ourselves–I say that this,– Else I withdraw favor and countenance
From you and yours for ever–shall you do. Sir, when you see her–but you shall not see her– No, you shall write, and not to her, but me: And you shall say that having spoken with me, And after look’d into yourself, you find That you meant nothing–as indeed you know That you meant nothing. Such as match as this! Impossible, prodigious!’ These were words, As meted by his measure of himself,
Arguing boundless forbearance: after which, And Leolin’s horror-stricken answer, `I
So foul a traitor to myself and her, Never oh never,’ for about as long
As the wind-hover hangs in the balance, paused Sir Aylmer reddening from the storm within, Then broke all bonds of courtesy, and crying `Boy, should I find you by my doors again, My men shall lash you from the like a dog; Hence!’ with a sudden execration drove
The footstool from before him, and arose; So, stammering `scoundrel’ out of teeth that ground As in a dreadful dream, while Leolin still Retreated half-aghast, the fierce old man Follow’d, and under his own lintel stood Storming with lifted hands, a hoary face Meet for the reverence of the hearth, but now, Beneath a pale and unimpassion’d moon,
Vext with unworthy madness, and deform’d.

Slowly and conscious of the rageful eye That watch’d him, till he heard the ponderous door Close, crashing with long echoes thro’ the land, Went Leolin; then, his passions all in flood And masters of his motion, furiously
Down thro’ the bright lawns to his brother’s ran, And foam’d away his heart at Averill’s ear: Whom Averill solaced as he might, amazed: The man was his, had been his father’s, friend: He must have seen, himself had seen it long; He must have known, himself had known: besides, He never yet had set his daughter forth
Here in the woman-markets of the west, Where our Caucasians let themselves be sold. Some one, he thought, had slander’d Leolin to him. `Brother, for I have loved you more as a son Than brother, let me tell you: I myself– What is their pretty saying? jilted is it? Jilted I was: I say it for your peace.
Pain’d, and, as bearing in myself the shame The woman should have borne, humiliated, I lived for years a stunted sunless life; Till after our good parents past away
Watching your growth, I seem’d again to grow. Leolin, I almost sin in envying you:
The very whitest lamb in all my fold Loves you: I know her: the worst thought she has Is whiter even than her pretty hand:
She must prove true: for, brother, where two fight The strongest wins, and truth and love are strength, And you are happy: let her parents be.’

But Leolin cried out the more upon them– Insolent, brainless, heartless! heiress, wealth, Their wealth, their heiress! wealth enough was theirs For twenty matches. Were he lord of this, Why, twenty boys and girls should marry on it, And forty blest ones bless him, and himself Be wealthy still, ay wealthier. He believed This filthy marriage-hindering Mammon made The harlot of the cities: nature crost
Was mother of the foul adulteries
That saturate soul with body. Name, too! name, Their ancient name! they MIGHT be proud; its worth Was being Edith’s. Ah, how pale she had look’d Darling, to-night! they must have rated her Beyond all tolerance. These old pheasant-lords, These partridge-breeders of a thousand years, Who had mildew’d in their thousands, doing nothing Since Egbert–why, the greater their disgrace! Fall back upon a name! rest, rot in that! Not KEEP it noble, make it nobler? fools, With such a vantage-ground for nobleness! He had known a man, a quintessence of man, The life of all–who madly loved–and he, Thwarted by one of these old father-fools, Had rioted his life out, and made an end. He would not do it! her sweet face and faith Held him from that: but he had powers, he knew it: Back would he to his studies, make a name, Name, fortune too: the world should ring of him To shame these mouldy Aylmers in their graves: Chancellor, or what is greatest would he be– `O brother, I am grieved to learn your grief– Give me my fling, and let me say my say.’

At which, like one that sees his own excess, And easily forgives it as his own,
He laugh’d; and then was mute; but presently Wept like a storm: and honest Averill seeing How low his brother’s mood had fallen, fetch’d His richest beeswing from a binn reserved For banquets, praised the waning red, and told The vintage–when THIS Aylmer came of age– Then drank and past it; till at length the two, Tho’ Leolin flamed and fell again, agreed That much allowance must be made for men. After an angry dream this kindlier glow
Faded with morning, but his purpose held.

Yet once by night again the lovers met, A perilous meeting under the tall pines
That darken’d all the northward of her Hall. Him, to her meek and modest bosom prest
In agony, she promised that no force, Persuasion, no, nor death could alter her: He, passionately hopefuller, would go,
Labor for his own Edith, and return In such a sunlight of prosperity
He should not be rejected. `Write to me! They loved me, and because I love their child They hate me: there is war between us, dear, Which breaks all bonds but ours; we must remain Sacred to one another.’ So they talk’d,
Poor children, for their comfort: the wind blew; The rain of heaven, and their own bitter tears, Tears, and the careless rain of heaven, mixt Upon their faces, as they kiss’d each other In darkness, and above them roar’d the pine.

So Leolin went; and as we task ourselves To learn a language known but smatteringly In phrases here and there at random, toil’d Mastering the lawless science of our law, That codeless myriad of precedent,
That wilderness of single instances, Thro’ which a few, by wit or fortune led, May beat a pathway out to wealth and fame. The jests, that flash’d about the pleader’s room, Lightning of the hour, the pun, the scurrilous tale,– Old scandals buried now seven decads deep In other scandals that have lived and died, And left the living scandal that shall die– Were dead to him already; bent as he was To make disproof of scorn, and strong in hopes, And prodigal of all brain-labor he,
Charier of sleep, and wine and exercise, Except when for a breathing-while at eve, Some niggard fraction of an hour, he ran Beside the river-bank: and then indeed
Harder the times were, and the hands of power Were bloodier, and the according hearts of men Seem’d harder too; but the soft river-breeze, Which fann’d the gardens of that rival rose Yet fragrant in a heart remembering
His former talks with Edith, on him breathed Far purelier in his rushings to and fro, After his books, to flush his blood with air, Then to his books again. My lady’s cousin, Half-sickening of his pension’d afternoon, Drove in upon the student once or twice, Ran a Malayan muck against the times,
Had golden hopes for France and all mankind, Answer’d all queries touching those at home With a heaved shoulder and a saucy smile, And fain had haled him out into the world, And air’d him there: his nearer friend would say `Screw not the chord too sharply lest it snap.’ Then left alone he pluck’d her dagger forth From where his worldless heart had kept it warm, Kissing his vows upon it like a knight.
And wrinkled benchers often talk’d of him Approvingly, and prophesied his rise:
For heart, I think, help’d head: her letters too, Tho’ far between, and coming fitfully
Like broken music, written as she found Or made occasion, being strictly watch’d, Charm’d him thro’ every labyrinth till he saw An end, a hope, a light breaking upon him.

But they that cast her spirit into flesh, Her worldy-wise begetters, plagued themselves To sell her, those good parents, for her good. Whatever eldest-born of rank or wealth
Might lie within their compass, him they lured Into their net made pleasant by the baits Of gold and beauty, wooing him to woo.
So month by month the noise about their doors, And distant blaze of those dull banquets, made The nightly wirer of their innocent hare Falter before he took it. All in vain.
Sullen, defiant, pitying, wroth, return’d Leolin’s rejected rivals from their suit So often, that the folly taking wings
Slipt o’er those lazy limits down the wind With rumor, and became in other fields
A mockery to the yeomen over ale,
And laughter to their lords: but those at home, As hunters round a hunted creature draw
The cordon close and closer toward the death, Narrow’d her goings out and comings in;
Forbad her first the house of Averill, Then closed her access to the wealthiest farms, Last from her own home-circle of the poor They barr’d her: yet she bore it: yet her cheek Kept color: wondrous! but, O mystery!
What amulet drew her down to that old oak, So old, that twenty years before, a part Falling had let appear the brand of John– Once grovelike, each huge arm a tree, but now The broken base of a black tower, a cave Of touchwood, with a single flourishing spray. There the manorial lord too curiously
Raking in that millenial touchwood-dust Found for himself a bitter treasure-trove; Burst his own wyvern on the seal, and read Writhing a letter from his child, for which Came at the moment Leolin’s emissary,
A crippled lad, and coming turn’d to fly, But scared with threats of jail and halter gave To him that fluster’d his poor parish wits The letter which he brought, and swore besides To play their go-between as heretofore
Nor let them know themselves betray’d, and then, Soul-stricken at their kindness to him, went Hating his own lean heart and miserable.

Thenceforward oft from out a despot dream Panting he woke, and oft as early as dawn Aroused the black republic on his elms,
Sweeping the frothfly from the fescue, brush’d Thro’ the dim meadow toward his treasure-trove, Seized it, took home, and to my lady, who made A downward crescent of her minion mouth, Listless in all despondence, read; and tore, As if the living passion symbol’d there
Were living nerves to feel the rent; and burnt, Now chafing at his own great self defied, Now striking on huge stumbling-blocks of scorn In babyisms, and dear diminutives
Scatter’d all over the vocabulary
Of such a love as like a chidden babe, After much wailing, hush’d itself at last Hopeless of answer: then tho’ Averill wrote And bad him with good heart sustain himself– All would be well–the lover heeded not, But passionately restless came and went, And rustling once at night about the place, There by a keeper shot at, slightly hurt, Raging return’d: nor was it well for her Kept to the garden now, and grove of pines, Watch’d even there; and one was set to watch The watcher, and Sir Aylmer watch’d them all, Yet bitterer from his readings: once indeed, Warm’d with his wines, or taking pride in her, She look’d so sweet, he kiss’d her tenderly Not knowing what possess’d him: that one kiss Was Leolin’s one strong rival upon earth; Seconded, for my lady follow’d suit,
Seem’d hope’s returning rose: and then ensued A Martin’s summer of his faded love,
Or ordeal by kindness; after this
He seldom crost his child without a sneer; The mother flow’d in shallower acrimonies: Never one kindly smile, one kindly word: So that the gentle creature shut from all Her charitable use, and face to face
With twenty months of silence, slowly lost Nor greatly cared to lose, her hold on life. Last, some low fever ranging round to spy The weakness of a people or a house,
Like flies that haunt a wound, or deer, or men, Or almost all that is, hurting the hurt– Save Christ as we believe him–found the girl And flung her down upon a couch of fire, Where careless of the household faces near, And crying upon the name of Leolin,
She, and with her the race of Aylmer, past.

Star to star vibrates light: may soul to soul Strike thro’ a finer element of her own? So,–from afar,–touch as at once? or why That night, that moment, when she named his name, Did the keen shriek `yes love, yes Edith, yes,’ Shrill, till the comrade of his chambers woke, And came upon him half-arisen from sleep, With a weird bright eye, sweating and trembling, His hair as it were crackling into flames, His body half flung forward in pursuit,
And his long arms stretch’d as to grasp a flyer: Nor knew he wherefore he had made the cry; And being much befool’d and idioted
By the rough amity of the other, sank As into sleep again. The second day,
My lady’s Indian kinsman rushing in, A breaker of the bitter news from home,
Found a dead man, a letter edged with death Beside him, and the dagger which himself Gave Edith, reddn’d with no bandit’s blood: `From Edith’ was engraven on the blade.

Then Averill went and gazed upon his death. And when he came again, his flock believed– Beholding how the years which are not Time’s Had blasted him–that many thousand days Were clipt by horror from his term of life. Yet the sad mother, for the second death Scarce touch’d her thro’ that nearness of the first, And being used to find her pastor texts, Sent to the harrow’d brother, praying him To speak before the people of her child, And fixt the Sabbath. Darkly that day rose: Autumn’s mock sunshine of the faded woods Was all the life of it; for hard on these, A breathless burthen of low-folded heavens Stifled and chill’d at once: but every roof Sent out a listener: many too had known
Edith among the hamlets round, and since The parents’ harshness and the hapless loves And double death were widely murmur’d, left Their own gray tower, or plain-faced tabernacle, To hear him; all in mourning these, and those With blots of it about them, ribbon, glove Or kerchief; while the church,–one night, except For greenish glimmerings thro’ the lancets,–made Still paler the pale head of him, who tower’d Above them, with his hopes in either grave.

Long o’er his bent brows linger’d Averill, His face magnetic to the hand from which Livid he pluck’d it forth, and labor’d thro’ His brief prayer-prelude, gave the verse `Behold, Your house is left unto you desolate!’
But lapsed into so long a pause again As half amazed half frighted all his flock: Then from his height and loneliness of grief Bore down in flood, and dash’d his angry heart Against the desolations of the world.

Never since our bad earth became one sea, Which rolling o’er the palaces of the proud, And all but those who knew the living God– Eight that were left to make a purer world– When since had flood, fire, earthquake, thunder wrought Such waste and havoc as the idolatries,
Which from the low light of mortality Shot up their shadows to the Heaven of Heavens, And worshipt their own darkness as the Highest? `Gash thyself, priest, and honor thy brute Baal, And to thy worst self sacrifice thyself, For with thy worst self hast thou clothed thy God.’ Then came a Lord in no wise like to Baal. The babe shall lead the lion. Surely now The wilderness shall blossom as the rose. Crown thyself, worm, and worship thine own lusts!– No coarse and blockish God of acreage
Stands at thy gate for thee to grovel to– Thy God is far diffused in noble groves
And princely halls, and farms, and flowing lawns, And heaps of living gold that daily grow, And title-scrolls and gorgeous heraldries. In such a shape dost thou behold thy God. Thou wilt not gash thy flesh for HIM; for thine Fares richly, in fine linen, not a hair
Ruffled upon the scarfskin, even while The deathless ruler of thy dying house
Is wounded to the death that cannot die; And tho’ thou numberest with the followers Of One who cried `leave all and follow me.’ Thee therefore with His light about thy feet, Thee with His message ringing in thine ears, Thee shall thy brother man, the Lord from Heaven, Born of a village girl, carpenter’s son, Wonderful, Prince of peace, the Mighty God, Count the more base idolater of the two; Crueller: as not passing thro’ the fire
Bodies, but souls–thy children’s–thro’ the smoke, The blight of low desires–darkening thine own To thine own likeness; or if one of these, Thy better born unhappily from thee,
Should, as by miracle, grow straight and fair– Friends, I was bid to speak of such a one By those who most have cause to sorrow for her– Fairer than Rachel by the palmy well,
Fairer than Ruth among the fields of corn, Fair as the Angel that said `hail’ she seem’d, Who entering fill’d the house with sudden light. For so mine own was brighten’d: where indeed The roof so lowly but that beam of Heaven Dawn’d sometime thro’ the doorway? whose the babe Too ragged to be fondled on her lap,
Warm’d at her bosom? The poor child of shame, The common care whom no one cared for, leapt To greet her, wasting his forgotten heart, As with the mother he had never known,
In gambols; for her fresh and innocent eyes Had such a star of morning in their blue, That all neglected places of the field
Broke into nature’s music when they saw her. Low was her voice, but won mysterious way Thro’ the seal’d ear to which a louder one Was all but silence–free of alms her hand– The hand that robed your cottage-walls with flowers Has often toil’d to clothe your little ones; How often placed upon the sick man’s brow Cool’d it, or laid his feverous pillow smooth! Had you one sorrow and she shared it not? One burthen and she would not lighten it? One spiritual doubt she did not soothe?
Or when some heat of difference sparkled out, How sweetly would she glide between your wraths, And steal you from each other! for she walk’d Wearing the light yoke of that Lord of love, Who still’d the rolling wave of Galilee! And one–of him I was not bid to speak– Was always with her, whom you also knew. Him too you loved, for he was worthy love. And these had been together from the first; They might have been together till the last. Friends, this frail bark of ours, when sorely tried, May wreck itself without the pilot’s guilt, Without the captain’s knowledge: hope with me. Whose shame is that, if he went hence with shame? Nor mine the fault, if losing both of these I cry to vacant chairs and widow’d walls, “My house is left unto me desolate.”

While thus he spoke, his hearers wept; but some, Sons of the glebe, with other frowns than those That knit themselves for summer shadow, scowl’d At their great lord. He, when it seem’d he saw No pale sheet-lightnings from afar, but fork’d Of the near storm, and aiming at his head, Sat anger-charm’d from sorrow, soldierlike, Erect: but when the preacher’s cadence flow’d Softening thro’ all the gentle attributes Of his lost child, the wife, who watch’d his face, Paled at a sudden twitch of his iron mouth; And `O pray God that he hold up’ she thought `Or surely I shall shame myself and him.’

`Nor yours the blame–for who beside your hearths Can take her place–if echoing me you cry “Our house is left unto us desolate?”
But thou, O thou that killest, hadst thou known, O thou that stonest, hadst thou understood The things belonging to thy peace and ours! Is there no prophet but the voice that calls Doom upon kings, or in the waste `Repent’? Is not our own child on the narrow way,
Who down to those that saunter in the broad Cries `come up hither,’ as a prophet to us? Is there no stoning save with flint and rock? Yes, as the dead we weep for testify–
No desolation but by sword and fire? Yes, as your moanings witness, and myself Am lonelier, darker, earthlier for my loss. Give me your prayers, for he is past your prayers, Not past the living fount of pity in Heaven. But I that thought myself long-suffering, meek, Exceeding “poor in spirit”–how the words Have twisted back upon themselves, and mean Vileness, we are grown so proud–I wish’d my voice A rushing tempest of the wrath of God
To blow these sacrifices thro’ the world– Sent like the twelve-divided concubine
To inflame the tribes: but there–out yonder–earth Lightens from her own central Hell–O there The red fruit of an old idolatry–
The heads of chiefs and princes fall so fast, They cling together in the ghastly sack– The land all shambles–naked marriages
Flash from the bridge, and ever-murder’d France, By shores that darken with the gathering wolf, Runs in a river of blood to the sick sea. Is this a time to madden madness then?
Was this a time for these to flaunt their pride? May Pharaoh’s darkness, folds as dense as those Which hid the Holiest from the people’s eyes Ere the great death, shroud this great sin from all: Doubtless our narrow world must canvass it: O rather pray for those and pity them,
Who thro’ their own desire accomplish’d bring Their own gray hairs with sorrow to the grave– Who broke the bond which they desired to break, Which else had link’d their race with times to come– Who wove coarse webs to snare her purity, Grossly contriving their dear daughter’s good– Poor souls, and knew not what they did, but sat Ignorant, devising their own daughter’s death! May not that earthly chastisement suffice? Have not our love and reverence left them bare? Will not another take their heritage?
Will there be children’s laughter in their hall For ever and for ever, or one stone
Left on another, or is it a light thing That I their guest, their host, their ancient friend, I made by these the last of all my race
Must cry to these the last of theirs, as cried Christ ere His agony to those that swore Not by the temple but the gold, and made Their own traditions God, and slew the Lord, And left their memories a world’s curse–“Behold, Your house is left unto you desolate?”‘

Ended he had not, but she brook’d no more: Long since her heart had beat remorselessly, Her crampt-up sorrow pain’d her, and a sense Of meanness in her unresisting life.
Then their eyes vext her; for on entering He had cast the curtains of their seat aside– Black velvet of the costliest–she herself Had seen to that: fain had she closed them now, Yet dared not stir to do it, only near’d Her husband inch by inch, but when she laid, Wifelike, her hand in one of his, he veil’d His face with the other, and at once, as falls A creeper when the prop is broken, fell
The woman shrieking at his feet, and swoon’d. Then her own people bore along the nave
Her pendent hands, and narrow meagre face Seam’d with the shallow cares of fifty years: And here the Lord of all the landscape round Ev’n to its last horizon, and of all
Who peer’d at him so keenly, follow’d out Tall and erect, but in the middle aisle
Reel’d, as a footsore ox in crowded ways Stumbling across the market to his death, Unpitied; for he groped as blind, and seem’d Always about to fall, grasping the pews
And oaken finials till he touch’d the door; Yet to the lychgate, where his chariot stood, Strode from the porch, tall and erect again.

But nevermore did either pass the gate Save under pall with bearers. In one month, Thro’ weary and yet wearier hours,
The childless mother went to seek her child; And when he felt the silence of his house About him, and the change and not the change, And those fixt eyes of painted ancestors Staring for ever from their gilded walls On him their last descendant, his own head Began to droop, to fall; the man became
Imbecile; his one word was `desolate’; Dead for two years before his death was he; But when the second Christmas came, escaped His keepers, and the silence which he felt, To find a deeper in the narrow gloom
By wife and child; nor wanted at his end The dark retinue reverencing death
At golden thresholds; nor from tender hearts, And those who sorrow’d o’er a vanish’d race, Pity, the violet on the tyrant’s grave.
Then the great Hall was wholly broken down, And the broad woodland parcell’d into farms; And where the two contrived their daughter’s good, Lies the hawk’s cast, the mole has made his run, The hedgehog underneath the plaintain bores, The rabbit fondles his own harmless face, The slow-worm creeps, and the thin weasel there Follows the mouse, and all is open field.



A city clerk, but gently born and bred; His wife, an unknown artist’s orphan child– One babe was theirs, a Margaret, three years old: They, thinking that her clear germander eye Droopt in the giant-factoried city-gloom, Came, with a month’s leave given them, to the sea: For which his gains were dock’d, however small: Small were his gains, and hard his work; besides, Their slender household fortunes (for the man Had risk’d his little) like the little thrift, Trembled in perilous places o’er a deep: And oft, when sitting all alone, his face Would darken, as he cursed his credulousness, And that one unctuous mount which lured him, rogue, To buy strange shares in some Peruvian mine. Now seaward-bound for health they gain’d a coast, All sand and cliff and deep-inrunning cave, At close of day; slept, woke, and went the next, The Sabbath, pious variers from the church, To chapel; where a heated pulpiteer,
Not preaching simple Christ to simple men, Announced the coming doom, and fulminated Against the scarlet woman and her creed: For sideways up he swung his arms, and shriek’d `Thus, thus with violence,’ ev’n as if he held The Apocalyptic millstone, and himself
Were that great Angel; `Thus with violence Shall Babylon be cast into the sea;
Then comes the close.’ The gentle-hearted wife Sat shuddering at the ruin of a world;
He at his own: but when the wordy storm Had ended, forth they came and paced the shore, Ran in and out the long sea-framing caves, Drank the large air, and saw, but scarce believed (The sootflake of so many a summer still Clung to their fancies) that they saw, the sea. So now on sand they walk’d, and now on cliff, Lingering about the thymy promontories,
Till all the sails were darken’d in the west, And rosed in the east: then homeward and to bed: Where she, who kept a tender Christian hope Haunting a holy text, and still to that
Returning, as the bird returns, at night, `Let not the sun go down upon your wrath,’ Said, `Love, forgive him:’ but he did not speak; And silenced by that silence lay the wife, Remembering her dear Lord who died for all, And musing on the little lives of men,
And how they mar this little by their feuds.

But while the two were sleeping, a full tide Rose with ground-swell, which, on the foremost rocks Touching, upjetted in spirts of wild sea-smoke, And scaled in sheets of wasteful foam, and fell In vast sea-cataracts–ever and anon
Dead claps of thunder from within the cliffs Heard thro’ the living roar. At this the babe,

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