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Samuel F. B. Morse, His Letters and Journals by Samuel F. B. Morse

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(1829), docks, 303
Liverpool (King's) Arms Inn, ~1~, 34, 302
Livingston, Cambridge, letters with M. (1846) on coat of arms and motto,
~2~, 258
at M.'s funeral, 511
Locust Grove, M.'s home at Poughkeepsie, ~2~, 269, 280, 284, 286, 296, 464
M.'s farewell, 496
London, M. on cries (1811), ~1~, 48
on custom of knocking, 48
on crowds, 49
on Vauxhall, 50-52
on St. Bartholomew's Fair, 52
entree of Louis XVIII (1814), 136-140
fete of Allies, 142-147
approach (1829), 307
M. at (1829), 308, 309
(1845), ~2~, 249
(1856), 349-351, 366, 368, 369
(1857), 373
M. on growth (1832), ~1~, 432
London _Globe_, on M.'s Dying Hercules, ~1~, 106
Lord, Daniel, to M. (1847) on infringements, ~2~, 272
Lord, Nathan, and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Loring, G.B., and M.'s farewell message to telegraph, ~2~, 485
Lottery, M.'s attitude, ~1~, 46, 130, 131
Roman, 354
Louis XVIII of France, entree into London (1814), ~1~, 136-140
appearance, 139
Louis Philippe, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 103, 112, 123
Louisville _Courier-Journal_, tribute to M., ~2~, 510
Louvre, M. on, ~1~, 315
M.'s painting of interior, 421, 422, 426, ~2~, 27
Lovering, ----, from M. (1840) on daguerreotype material, anecdote, ~2~,
155
Low, A.A., banquet to M., ~2~, 467, 472
Lowber, R.W., and Atlantic cable, ~2~, 343
Lowell, ----, minister at Bristol, Eng. (1814), ~1~, 121
Loyalty, M. on meaning in America, ~2~, 428
Ludlow, H.G., from M. (c. 1862) on Civil War, ~2~, 415
_Lydia_, transatlantic ship (1811), ~1~, 33
Lyons, M. at (1830), ~1~, 323

Macaulay, Zachary, invitation to M. (1812), ~1~, 79
and M., 135
McClellan, G.B., M. and presidential candidacy, ~2~, 427, 429-431
McClelland, Robert, and Coffin, ~2~, 164
McCormick, C.H., and reaper, ~2~, 501
McFarland, Asa, and M., ~1~, 201, 202, 217
McGowan, Samuel, on telegraph in Australia, ~2~, 321
McIlvaine, C.P., and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Madison, James, and War of 1812, ~1~, 66
Maggiore, Lago, M. at (1831), ~1~, 400
Magnet, Henry and, of M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 66-57
_See also_ Henry.
Magnetic Telegraph Company, ~2~, 247
Main, William, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Mallory, ----, bookseller at Boston, M. apprenticed to, ~1~, 24
Manrow, J.P., and company to operate telegraph, ~2~, 173
Marius in Prison, M.'s painting, ~1~, 82
Marlborough, Duke of, gambler (1829), ~1~, 307
Marseilles, M. at (1830), ~1~, 325
Marsh, ----, of Wethersfield (1806), ~1~, 9
Marsiglia, Gerlando, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Mary, Princess, appearance (1814), ~1~, 137
Mason, ----, proposed Mexican mission (1824), ~1~, 253
Mason, J.Y., from M. (1866) on presidential election, ~2~, 371
and gratuity to M., 373
Mason, Samson, and telegraph, ~2~, 189, 194
Mathews, Charles, from M. (1814) offering a faroe, ~1~, 129
Maury, M.F., soundings of Atlantic plateau, ~2~, 343
Maverick, Peter, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Mead, F.J., from M. (1872) on Smith's last attack, ~2~, 504
Melville, Lord, and American prisoner of war, ~1~, 126
Mexican War, M. on, ~2~, 270
Mexico, M. and proposed mission (1824), ~1~, 252-256
Meyendorf, Baron de, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 120, 147
from M. (1840) on improvement, 153
Milan, M.'s impressions (1831), ~1~, 398
Military telegraph, M.'s plan, ~2~, 132-134
_Miserere_, M. on Allegri's, ~1~, 345
Money, W.T., British consul at Venice, and M. at Recoaro (1831), ~1~, 396,
397
Monks, M. on, ~1~, 352
Monopoly, M. on beneficent telegraph, ~2~, 444
_See also_ Consolidation.
Monroe, James, M.'s portrait, ~1~, 222, 226
and M., 227
last levee, 262
Monroe, Mrs. James, drawing-room, ~1~, 227
Montaigne, M.E. de, M. on _Essays_, ~1~, 16
Montalivet, Comte M.C.B. de, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 105, 109
Morgan, J.J., to M. (1815) on death of Mrs. Allston, ~1~, 168
Morris, Tasker, & Morris, and experimental telegraph line, ~2~, 206
Morse, Arthur, from M. (1868) on return home, Thorwaldsen portrait, ~2~,
464
on death of brother, 466
Morse, C.W., birth, ~1~, 244
childhood home, 298
at New York (1844), ~2~, 219
and farm, 269
marriage, 289
M. seeks official position for, 387
Morse, Elisabeth A., M.'s daughter, birth and death, ~1~, 237
Morse, Elisabeth A. (Breese), character, ~1~, 2, 293
from R.W. Snow (1812) on M. as artist, 64
and War of 1812, 114, 115
illness (1818), 215
travel (1826), 288
decline and death, 292
_Letters to M:_
(1805) on religious duty, celebration of Fourth, ~1~, 6
on uncertainty of life, 8
on college extravagances, 11
(1812) on sketch of Southey, 73
on war, 79
(1813) on war, 99
on dangers of success, 113
on infidelity of Americans in England, avoidance of actors and
theatres, 117
(1814) good advice, patron, his parents' early economies and success,
154
reproof on debts, 158
(1815) on peace, purchase for clothes, 173
on right of parental reproofs, 182
on Dying Hercules, 185
(1816) on M.'s love affair, 203, 206
_From M:_ (_See also_ his letters to Jedediah Morse)
(1820) on work in Charleston, provisions and plans for family, 229
(1826) on travel, brother, own work, proposed trip abroad, 289
(1828) on exhibition, servants, her health, 291, 292
Morse, Finley, birth, ~1~, 267
attends brother's wedding, ~2~, 289
Morse, Jedediah [1], death, career, ~1~, 227
Morse, Jedediah [2], orthodoxy, ~1~, 1
prominence, 1
children, 2
to Bishop of London (1806) on church property in Virginia, 13
to Lindley Murray (1806) on works, 14
and M.'s desire for art career, 26, 31, 32, 116
to Talleyrand (1811) introducing M., 31
and War of 1812, 58, 109, 116, 181
reputation in England, 76
home scene (1813), 111
domestic relations, 142, 287, 293
from Romeyn and Van Schaick (1814) on M.'s character, war views, and
progress, 166
church trouble at Charlestown, 223-225, 228, 229
Indian commissioner, 228
moves to New Haven, 234
from S.E. Morse (1823) on M. at New York, 251
death, 287
character and attainments, 287, 293
monument, ~2~, 421, 422
_Letters to M:_
(1801) on letter-writing, concentration of effort, ~1~, 3
(1810) on profession, 22
(1812) on financial straits, brothers, war, 65, 80
(1813) on economy, war, 108, 109
(1814) on M.'s plans, 156
(1815) on M.'s war views, 168, 181
on M.'s plans, 182
(1816) on love affair, 203, 205
(1825) on death of M.'s wife, 265
_From M:_
(1799) earliest letter, 3
(1805) on Journey to New Haven, start at Yale, 9
(1807) on desire for relaxation, 14
on routine, 16
on Montaigne's _Essays_, 16
(1810) on New York and Philadelphia, 20;
on debts, 20;
on brother at college, profession, 21, 22
(1811) on voyage to England, 33, 34
(1812) on West as artist, war, 62
on England and American crisis, West as artist, assassination of
Perceval, 67-72
on Leslie, Allston, own work, 74
on tea-making, 75
on diploma for father, Orders in Council, 76
on drawing room, theatres, charivari, 78
on war, gratitude to parents, Allston, 80
on war friends, 87-93
(1813) on expenses, work, Allston, 103
on Dying Hercules, 107
on war, Spanish victories, poet and painter, Allston's poems, coat of
arms, 110
on progress, study at Paris, war views, 114
(1814) on British treatment of Americans, religious sentiments,
success at Bristol, politics, Allston, art in America, health,
severe winter, 120
on overthrow of Napoleon, further study, 127
on further study, ambition, parents' complaint of neglect, Wilberforce
and slave-trade, entree of Louis XVIII, war views, 132
on London fete of Allies, 142
on study at Paris, 148
on war views, study at Paris, failure at Bristol, 152
on failure at Bristol, English hatred of Americans, 163
(1815) on mother's reproof for extravagance and other failings, study
at Paris, Russell portrait, 159, 173, 180
on death of Mrs. Allston, 168
on failure at Bristol, economy and expenses, Napoleon's return, 169
on preparation for temporary return home, ambition, toil of painting,
176
on Napoleon's abdication, 183
(1816) on painting tour in New Hampshire, love affair and engagement,
201-211
(1817) on success at Portsmouth, 212
(1818) on voyage to Charleston, 219
on lodgings there, brother, 220
on success there, 220
(1819) on church trouble at Charlestown, 223
(1825) on death of M.'s wife, 267, 269
on Academy of Design, Literary Society, 281
(1826) on trials and blessings, lectures, 283
on Academy, question of second marriage, 284
lectures, Lafayette portrait, health, 285
on anxiety about father's health, 286
Morse, Louisa, goes abroad with M. (1856), ~2~, 347
Morse, Lucretia P. (Walker), engagement to M., ~1~, 202-210, 212
marriage, 217
honeymoon, 217, 218
goes to Charleston with M. (1818), 219, 220
children, 225, 236, 244, 267
and M.'s plans (1820), 229, 230
at Concord (1821), 239
and M.'s absence, 244
with M. at New York, 257
death, effect on M., 265-270
epitaph, 270, 271
_Letters to M:_
(1821) on Academy at Charleston, ~1~, 236
on perseverance, 240
(1823) on sleeping on the floor, 250
on Mexican mission, 253
_From M:_
(1820) on Alston as patron, 233
on work at Charleston, 234
on subsidence of work there, Academy, 235
on return, 237
on a bonnet, 239
on painting of House of Representatives, 240, 241
(1823) on experiences at Albany, 245
on failure at New York, Mexican mission, 251
(1824) on Journey to Washington, 255
on failure of mission, 256
success at New York, 257
(1825) on same, Lafayette portrait, Washington experiences, 259-265
Morse, R.C., birth, ~1~, 2
at Phillips Andover, 5
at Yale, 21, 22, 26
to M. (1813) on war views, 118
studies theology, 142
different career, 142
and brothers, 142, ~2~, 269, 388
at Savannah (1818), ~1~, 220, 223
goes to frontier with father (1820), 228
New York _Observer_, 244
from S.E. Morse (1826) on M. at New York, 275
marriage, 288, 298
on M.'s talk on telegraph (1832), ~2~, 17
assists M. financially, 25
and Poughkeepsie place, 281
from M. (1857) on withdrawal from cable company, 384
and Civil War, 416
monument to father, 421, 422
from M. (1864) on supporting Lincoln, 429-432
M. on death, 466
For other letters from M. _See_ Morse, S.E.
Morse, S.E., birth, ~1~, 2
at Phillips Andover, 5
at Yale, 16, 21, 22
plans for career, 66
as misogynist, 99
studies law, 142, 223
different career, 142
and brothers, 142, ~2~, 269, 388
Boston _Recorder_, ~1~, 208
invention of pump, 211
New York _Observer_, 244
to father (1823) on M. at New York, 251
to R.C. Morse (1825) on same, 275
on M.'s talk on telegraph (1832), ~2~, 17, 18
assists M. financially, 25, 185
in Europe (1845), 249, 269
(1856), 349
as tortoise to M.'s hare, 388, 389
and Civil War, 416
monument to father, 421, 422
M. and death, 496
_Letters to M:_
(1813) on family interest, ~1~, 61
(1813) on poet and painter, 99, 117
_From M:_
(1805) on religion, 5
(1812) on an execution, progress, West, Van Rensselaer, 72
(1828) on near accident, 293
(1830) on Paris, letters for newspaper, 317
(1831) on meeting with Prince Radziwill, 386
on Greenough, Lafayette, Polish revolt, Paris mob, 407
on painting of Louvre, cholera in Paris, Lafayette on American
finances, 422
on Louvre painting, Cooper's character, American principles and
European criticism, 426
(1837) on illness, Vail portraits, telegraph, ~2~, 72
on exhibition of telegraph, 73
(1839) on projects in France, discouragement, 113
on daguerreotype, 129
(1843) on telegraph bill in Congress, 190-193, 195
(1843-44) on construction of experimental line, trials, Fisher,
Smith, 210-213, 216, 218
(1844) on success, reports of Democratic Convention, Smith, 228, 229,
233
on foreign inquiries, Congress and purchase, 243, 244
(1845) on France and telegraph, 255
(1846) on painting for Capitol, 268
on accident, 268
on progress of telegraph, Mexican War, Infringements, printing
telegraph, 269
(1847) on rivals, litigation, 275, 276, 282
on Smith, 280
on Poughkeepsie home, 280-282
(1848) on litigation, home, 283, 296
on engagement, 289
(1849) on Jackson's claim, newspaper hostility, 305
(1856) on social and telegraph affairs in England, 349
on experiences and honors on Continent, 351
(1857) on telegraphic affairs, slavery, 389
(1858) on family party in Europe, 397
(1859) on death of Vail, 400
on workings of Providence in his case, 403
on telegraph in Porto Rico, proposed Spanish cable, 404
(1867) on report of electrical exhibition at Paris, 454, 457, 460,
464
on fetes, 455
on plans for winter, Italy, Church and State, American politics, 457
on old age, 461
(1869) on breaking leg, 481
Morse, S.E., Jr., from M. (1862) on monument to father, ~2~, 421
Morse, S.F.B.,
_early years, domestic life, and characteristics:_
birth, ~1~, 1
parents, 1
schooling, 3-8
religious and moral attitude, 5, 18, 120, 212, 213, 296-298, 401, 438,
~2~, 128, 160
parental solicitude as to character, ~1~, 6-8, 11, 113, 121, 149, 154,
158-163, 166, 182
attitude toward parents, 9, 129, 133, 135, 142, 152
travel to New Haven (1805), 9, 10
start at Yale, room, 10
expenses and debts at college, 10, 16, 17, 20
drops a class, 11
parental admonitions against college extravagances, 11, 12
tenacity, 11
desire for relaxation at college, 14
routine there, 15
on Montaigne's _Essays_, 16
desire to travel, 18
interest in electrical experiments at college, 18
portraits painted at college, 19, 20
question of career, desires to become artist, apprenticed to
bookseller, 21-24, 26
continued interest in art, 24-26, 30
art career decided upon, attitude and sacrifices of parents, 26, 29,
31, 32, 82, 85, 116, 155
college love affair, 28-30, 112
on smuggling cigars, 45, 46
on lotteries, 46, ~2~, 180, 181
and theatres, ~1~, 72, 77, 78, 374-376, 399
sincerity, 84
interest in public affairs, 93
frankness, enjoyment of controversy, 93
reading, 102
and coat of arms, 110, ~2~, 258
appearance (1814), ~1~, 123
writes a farce (1814), 129, 130
and brothers, 142, ~2~, 269, 388
industry, ~1~, 161, 162
and Lucy Russell, 180
buoyancy, 200, 235, 256, 284
love affair and engagement, 202-210
and fiancee, 212, 214
on Universalists, 213
marriage, 217
honeymoon, 217, 218
and father's church troubles, 223, 229
children by first wife, 225, 236, 244, 267
marriage of future mother-in-law, 228
domesticity, 230, 238, 285, 375, 394, ~2~, 106, 116, 245
family at New Haven (1820), ~1~, 234
perseverance, 240
on saying farewell, 254
and death of wife, on her character, 265-270, 288, ~2~, 115
sonnet on Lafayette, ~1~, 273
homes for children, 274, 298
leadership, altruism, 275, 305, ~2~, 443
thoughts on second marriage, ~1~, 285, 418, ~2~, 115
and decline and death of father, ~1~, 286, 287
on servants, 291, 302
and decline of mother, 292
narrow escape (1828), 293-295
constitution, 304
temperance, 304
moulding of character, 304
and foreign languages, 372
patriotism, 395, 423, 427-429, 438, ~2~, 383, 428, 429
on devotion and emotion of taste, ~1~, 401
capacity for friendship, 439, ~2~, 494
maintenance of his rights, ~1~, 439, ~2~, 2, 518
necessary qualities of an inventor, 16, 20, 57, 91, 152, 171
belief in divine ordination of his invention, and divine plan in
trials and successes, 19, 46-48, 127, 160, 170, 180, 181, 190-193,
213, 216, 222-224, 229, 230, 233, 234, 266, 267, 271, 284, 403,
442, 443, 453, 472, 493
controversies over Catholic Church, 35-37, 330, 336
self-control, 116, 155
sense of humor, 116, 155
horror of debt, 174, 178, 312
liberality, donations, 269, 298-301, 311, 315, 321, 413, 437
and Poughkeepsie home, 269, 280, 284, 286, 296, 464, 496
on being fifty-six, 277
second marriage and family, 289, 290, 494
and printing when a boy, 299
despondency under strain of litigation, 301
attitude toward rewards for invention, 314
refuses to endorse notes, 319;
defence of slavery, 331, 333, 389, 390, 415, 416, 418, 420, 424-426,
429, 430, 432
on crinoline, 373
as hare to brother's tortoise, 388, 389
buys house in New York, 409
monument to father, 421, 422
on Unitarianism, 430
exhortation of his children, 433, 434
on wayward sons, 435, 466
on enigma of wealth, 436
trials and afflictions of old age, 459, 481, 482, 498
on old age, 461, 464
and death of brothers, 466, 496
pastor on character, 493
poem (1827), 495, 496
versatility, 509, 517
Prime's review of character, 516-519
sensibility, 518
_Art student in England, 1811-15:_
voyage to England with Allston, ~1~, 32-35
on English ladies, 36
journey to London, 36
on treatment of travelers, tips, impositions, 36-39
on English laboring class, 36
on England and embargo, 39
on Dr. Lettsom, 40
on English dining hour, 40
on a ghost, 41
West's interest in, 42, 44, 47, 62, 73, 85, 102, 103, 114, 179, 199
anecdote of West and George III., 42, 43
preparation to enter Royal Academy, 43, 46, 55
on West as artist and man, 44, 63, 68, 69, 102
on female artists, 45
on attitude toward art in England and America, 46, 122, 123
on Copley in old age, 47
on Elgin Marbles, 47, ~2~, 124
on cries of London, ~1~, 48
on custom of knocking, 48
on balloon ascension and London crowd, 49
on Vauxhall Gardens, 50-52
on St. Bartholomew's Fair, 52-64
economy, expenses, debts, 54, 70, 103, 108, 149, 158-163, 171
Allston's interest and criticism, 55, 56, 74, 75, 83, 85, 104, 114,
130, 162, 197-199
work, 56, 62, 75
on conditions in England (1811-12), 56, 57, 63, 70, 71
unfederalistic views on War of 1812, 58, 64, 67, 70, 76, 81, 82, 84,
87-93, 109, 110, 114-116, 122, 140, 141, 152, 153, 165, 166, 181
not molested during the war, 58, 86
and Leslie, 59, 62, 65, 74
family interest in progress, 61, 62
commendations and criticisms, 64, 101, 120, 167
on assassination of Perceval, 71, 72
on difficulties and toil of painting, 73, 178
and Van Rensselaer, 73, 245
on life as student, 75
on charivari, 78
Marius in Prison, 82
devotion to art, ambition, 85, 133, 161, 164. 177
Dying Hercules, sculpture and painting, exhibition and awards, 85, 86,
102-107, 119, 134, 185, 437, ~2~, 188
rooms at London, ~1~, 86
and Wilberforce, 89, 94
on American attitude toward French (1812), 90, 91
on Orders in Council, 91, 92
on retreat from Moscow, 93
on Gilbert Stuart, 93
letters of introduction, 93
London friends, 95
and Coleridge, 95, 96
on contemporary American artists (1813), 102, 103
on Allston as artist and man, 102, 105, 108
and study at Paris, 114, 134, 149, 152-154, 167, 174
funds for longer stay abroad, 116, 142
at Bristol as portrait painter, lack of success, 119, 121, 149, 153,
163, 164. 169-171
question of self-support and further study, 122, 123, 128, 129,
131-134, 155, 157
efforts for release of Burritt (1813), 124-127
and overthrow of Napoleon, 127, 128
seeks a patron, 134, 142, 155
and London's celebration of overthrow of Napoleon, 136-140, 142-147
and death of Mrs. Allston, 168
on Napoleon's return and Waterloo, 172, 183
prepares for temporary return home, 176, 176, 186
hope for employment in America, 176
Judgment of Jupiter, not allowed to compete by Royal Academy, 178,
179, 196, 199, 215
Russell portrait, 180
journal of dreadful voyage home, 186-195
experience at Dover (1814), 313
see ship carrying Napoleon to St. Helena, 379
_Art career in America:_
lack of demand, ~1~, 196
Adams portrait, 196
portrait painting in New Hampshire (1816-17), 197, 201-209, 213
settles down to portrait painting, 200, 217
as portrait painter, 200, 216, 258, 438
on painting quacks, 206
portrait painting at Portsmouth, 210-212
Langdon portrait, 211
at Charleston (1818-21), 214-217, 219-226, 229-237
and J.A. Alston, 215, 224, 226, 233
voyage to Charleston (1818), 219
on R.A. for Allston, 222
Monroe portrait, 222, 226, 234
thinks of settling at Charleston, 223
at Washington (1819), 226, 227
(1821), 240; (1824), 265
(1825), 261
trouble over Mrs. Ball's portrait, 231-234
and Academy at Charleston, 236, 236
trip through Berkshires (1821), 238, 239
painting of House of Representatives, 240-242, 262
gift to Yale (1822), 242
DeForest portrait, 243
search for work, absence from home (1823), 244
(1824), 257
at Albany, lack of success there, 245-249
Moss Kent portrait, 246
plans for settling at New York, 246-249
James Kent portrait, 248, 250
and advancement of arts, 249
studios at New York, 249, 257, 274, 291
initial failure there (1823), 249-252
and Mexican mission, 252-256
journey from New York to Washington (1824), 255
successful establishment at New York (1824-25), 257-261, 269, 270
pupils, 257, ~2~, 150, 156, 162
Lafayette portrait, ~1~, 260-262, 264, 270, 272, 286
Dr. Smith portrait, 261
on election of Adams (1825), 263
Stanford portrait, 270
and founding of National Academy of Design, 276-282, 284
as president of Academy, 280, ~2~, 33
lectures and addresses on fine arts, ~1~, 281, 284, 285
pecuniary effect of connection with Academy, 281
as historical painter, 281
informal literary club, 282, ~2~, 451
electioneering (1826), ~1~, 288
painting for steamer, 288
annual address before Academy (1827), review and rejoinder, 289
and annual exhibition (1828), 291
casts for the Academy, 384
divisions of life, 434
art ambition and trials, 434
Huntington's estimate of, as artist, 435-437
color theory and experiments, 436
influence of Allston, 436
results of distractions, 436
Isham's estimate, 437, 438
hopes on return from abroad (1832), ~2~, 3, 20
on New York (1833), 22, 24
on art instruction as his future, 23, 24
on nullification, 23, 24
efforts to resume profession, 25, 31
on need of refining arts in America, 26
enthusiasm wanes, 28, 31, 168
fails to get commission for painting for Capitol, 28-32
commission from fellow artists, never painted, fund returned, 33, 34,
161
professor in University of City of New York, 37, 114, 137
on effect of daguerreotype on art, 143, 144, 160
and question of resuming painting in later years, 160, 202, 268
and death of Allston, 207, 208
renewed effort for Capitol painting (1846), 266-268
continued interest in Academy, 306, 471
again president of Academy (1861), 417
attempts to paint (1864), 433
presents Allston's portrait to Academy, 436, 437
_In Europe, 1829-32:_
plans and preparation, commissions, ~1~ 289, 298-300, 338, 354, 390
outbound voyage, diary of it, 300-302
at Liverpool, docks, 302, 303
materials on tour, 305
journey to London, 306-308
on English villages, 306
at London, Royal Academy, Leslie, visits, 308, 309
traveling companions, 309, 395
on gypsies, 310
on Canterbury cathedral and service, 310-312
at Dover, 312
on Dover Castle, 313
on Channel passage, 314
on landing in France, 314, 315
at Paris, Louvre, Lafayette, weather, 315-317
on letters for newspaper, 317
on Continental Sabbath, 318, 322
on allegorical painting, 318
winter journey across France, 318-326
on diligence, 319
on Continental funerals, 321, 322, 350, 366, 367
on Sisters of Charity and benevolence, 323
at Avignon, 324
on Catholic ritual and music, 324, 325, 340, 342, 346, 352, 376,
398-400, ~2~, 104
on Toulon navy yard and galley slaves, ~1~, 326, 327
travel by private carriage from Toulon to Rome, 327-337
imposition at inns, 327, 330
on Serra Palace, Genoa, 329
on Italian beggars, 330, 332, 341, 355, 363, 369
on Ligurian Apennines, 331, 332
on Carrara marble quarries, 333-335
on Pisa and Leaning Tower, 335-337
on Carnival fooleries, 336
arrival at Rome, lodgings there (1830), 337
on induction of cardinals, 339, 340
on Pius VIII, 339
on St. Luke's Academy, 340
on kissing St. Peter's toe, 340
on sacred opera, 341
on feast of Annunciation, 341
on Roman society, 342-344
on Passion Sunday, 343
on Horace Vernet, 343, 344
on Palm Sunday, 344
on lying in state of cardinal, 344
on Roman market, 345
on Allegri's _Miserere_, 345
on Holy Thursday, papal blessing, 346, 347
on Thorwaldsen, paints his portrait, 348, 370-372, ~2~, 354
and later history, of portrait, ~1~, 372-374, ~2~, 465
on English, French, and American manners, ~1~, 348, 349
on Landi's pictures, 349, 350
on Camuccini, 350
sketching tour, happy life, 350
rhapsody on Subiaco, 361
on monks, 352
on rudeness of Roman soldiers, 353
on Roman lotteries, 354
on _festa inflorata_ at Genzano, 354-359
on Campagna at night, 359
on summer day at Rome, 360
on illumination of St. Peter's, 360
on St. Peter's day, 361-363
at Naples (1830), 363
at Amalfi, on accident there, 364-367
on Campo Santo at Naples, 367-369
on Convent of St. Martino, rhapsody on view, 369, 370
on Spagnoletto's Dead Christ, 370
on Roman revolt and danger to foreigners, 376, 380-385, 397
on Roman New Year, 377
discussion with Catholic convert, 377
on election and coronation of pope, 378, 380, 381
spectator at historic events, 379
journey to Florence during revolt (1831), 384-386
getting permission to remain there, 386
on encounter with Radziwill at Rome, 386-389
work at Florence, 390
on travel in Italy, 391
on Bologna, 391
on journey to Venice by Po, 391-393
on Venetian sights and smells, 393
moralising on Venetian society, 393
homesick, 395
travel to Milan, 395
at Recoaro, 396-398
on gambling priests, 396
on Milan, 398
on sacred pictures, 399
at Italian Lakes, 400
in Switzerland, on Rigi, 400, 401
avoids French quarantine, 402-405
on Paris after the revolution, 405
and Greenough at Paris, 407, 412
on Lafayette and Polish revolt, 408
on Lafayette's health (1831), 408
on Paris mob, 409-411
and R.W. Habersham, 417
and cholera, 417, 422
painting of interior of Louvre, 421, 422, ~2~, 27, 28
meets Humboldt, ~1~, 423
presides at Fourth dinner (1832), toast to Lafayette, 423-425
letters published in brothers' paper, 425
on Cooper's patriotism, 426-428
on European criticism of America, 428, 429
active interest in Poles, 430
at London (1832), 432
on growth of London, 432
sits to Leslie, 433
recovers health, 433, ~2~, 4
voyage home, 3, 5, 17
on England, 4
_Scientific career to 1844:_
early interest in electricity, ~1~, 18
invention of pump, 21
early longing for telegraph, 41
studies with Silliman, 236
machine for carving marble, 245, 247
and Dana's lectures on electricity (1827), discussions with Dana, 290
familiarity with electrical science, 29
thoughts (1821-31) connected with future invention of telegraph, 236,
324, 335, 394, 395, 402
first conception of idea of telegraph (1831), 417-421, ~2~, 8
experiments with photography, ~1~, 421, ~2~, 129
divisions of life, trials of scientific life, ~1~, 434, ~2~, 1, 2, 77,
78
Jackson's conversations on electrical progress on board ship (1832),
his later claim to invention, 5, 11, 58, 59, 78, 79, 121, 122, 137,
274, 305
basis of telegraph worked out on voyage, dot-and-dash code, sketches,
6-9, 11, 18
simplicity of invention, 9, 16, 18, 109, 435
thoughts on priority, 9, 10
testimony of fellow passengers, 11, 12, 14
date of invention, 12, 13
scientific knowledge necessary for invention, 14-16
necessary combination of personal qualities and conditions, 16, 57,
91, 152, 171
testimony of brothers on talk upon landing, 17, 18
insistence on single circuit, 18, 102
bars to progress, lack of funds and essentials, 18, 19
first steps toward apparatus, saw-tooth type, 21
cares (1833), forced to put invention aside, 25
and death of Lafayette, 34
workshop in University building, resumes experiments (1836), 38, 48
first instruments, 38-41
electro-chemical experiments, 41
discovery of relay, 41, 42, 141
shuns publicity of invention, poverty, 42
in Hall of Fame, 44
first exhibitions of telegraph (1835-38), 45-48, 54, 73-76, 80, 473
confidence of universal use, belief in aid to humanity, 48, 78, 125,
153, 179, 314, 345, 435, 460, 488, 490
fears forestalling and rival claims, 49, 50, 53, 126, 127, 150, 166
difference in principle of foreign inventions, 50, 90, 92, 93,
100-102, 240, 250
writes it "Telegraph", 50
originality of invention, share of others in it, 50-53, 61, 470, 472,
488, 500, 501, 510, 519
Gale's and Henry's connections, batteries, intensifying magnet, 54-59,
141, 477-479
public and congressional suspicion, 57, 60, 72, 77, 81, 88, 91, 164,
189, 193
acknowledgment of indebtedness, 58, 71, 263, 471, 489
Vail's association, contract, 59, 60, 70
reversion to first plan for receiver, 61
number code, dictionary, 62
paternity of alphabet code, 62-68
patent in America, 69, 89, 157
continuation of experiments, improvements, 70, 74, 76, 154, 182
cumbersome instruments, 73
alphabet supersedes number code, 74-76
portrule, 74, 88, 90
"Attention, the Universe" message, 75
friction with Vail, 79, 80
exhibition at Washington (1838), no grant results, 81, 103, 135, 137
connection of F.O.J. Smith, cause of his later antagonism, 82, 83
arrangement of partnership with Gale, Vail, and Smith, 83
desire and plan for government control, 84-86, 119, 175, 176, 228,
229, 232, 446
no share in later stock-watering, 86
Smith's report to Congress, 87
expects disappointments, 88, 102, 106
European trip (1838), 89
rivals in Europe, 91, 109
application for British patent, refused, 92-99
interest of English gentlemen, effort for special act of Parliament,
95, 124
exhibitions in England, 96
Russian contract, refusal of czar to sign it, 97, 120, 122, 136-138,
147
witnesses coronation of Victoria, 100, 101
French patents, 103, 119, 132
on birth and baptism of Comte de Paris, 103, 104
exhibition at Institute of France, 104, 107, 108
public and private projects in France, obstacles and failure, 105,
109-120
French enthusiasm over telegraph, 106, 107, 109, 111, 112, 114, 122,
124
discouraged, dark years and poverty (1839-43), 113-116, 135, 147,
149-155, 157, 159-164, 169, 178-181
correspondent for sender, 117
better part of failures, 120, 181
protection of wires from malevolent attack, 120, 123, 147
and underground wires, 121
and Daguerre, 128-130
invention for reporting railroad trains, 132
and principle of fire-alarm, 132
and military telegraph, 132-134
return to America (1839), 135
and lack of effort by partners, 136-138, 147, 151, 165, 167-169, 178,
181, 186, 196, 401
experiments with daguerreotype, takes portraits, 144-146
makes a business of it, 146, 152, 155
takes first group picture (1840), 146
Chamberlain's exhibition of telegraph in European centers, 148-149
rejects proposition from Wheatstone, 158
renewed effort for congressional grant without result (1841-42), 164,
166, 173-178
proposals for private companies, 167, 173
threatens to abandon invention, 167, 178
Henry's praise of telegraph (1842), 170-174
obliged to make instruments himself, 174, 179
experiment with submarine wires, 183, 184
search for funds (1842), 184
second exhibition before Congress (1842), consideration and passage of
act to build experimental line, 185-203
and Fisher, 185, 187, 196, 204, 210-213
wireless experiment, 186, 187, 242, 243
friends in Congress, 186, 189
omen in finding statuette of Dying Hercules, 187
congratulations, 201
construction of experimental line, route, assistants, 204-206, 214
wires, insulation, change from underground to overhead, 205, 208-210,
214-216
trouble with Smith, 206, 207, 212, 213, 216, 218, 219, 225
prophesies Atlantic cable (1843), 208, 209
on strain of construction, 217
progress of line, messages during construction, 219-221
ground circuit, 221
completion of line, "What hath God wrought" message, 221-224
reports of Democratic Convention, 224-226
report on experimental line, 227, 228
and on sounder and reading by sound, 457, 479, 480
_Career from 1844:_
price of offer of telegraph to Congress, ~2~, 86, 232, 235, 446
defence of rights and priority, 223, 241-243, 283
trials of success, 230, 231
Congress refuses to purchase invention, 232, 244, 245
accidents
(1844), 232
(1846), 268
(1857), 376, 377, 383
(1869), 480
abortive plans for private company, 235, 236
Smith's fulsome dedication, 236
Smith's antagonism and opposition, 238, 239, 247, 273, 280, 303, 304,
307-309, 312, 319, 320, 324, 346, 370, 371, 409-412, 423, 498-500,
502-505, 507
foreign inquiries, 240, 243, 244
Woodbury's address (1845), 244
Kendall as agent, 246, 326, 335, 372, 389, 409
first company, 247
letter of introduction from Department of State, 248
fourth voyage to Europe (1845), 249
on crossing Channel, 250
on Broek, 251-253
on Hamburg, 253, 254
attitude of European countries toward telegraph (1845), 254-256
on the French, 256
litigation with infringers and rival companies, 257, 271-273, 276,
277, 282-294, 301-304, 316, 322
extensions of patent, share of partners, 258, 322-329, 346, 347, 370,
371
honors and decorations, 258, 297, 392-394, 403, 406, 465
and faithless associates, 257, 258, 260, 277-279, 372
and O'Reilly, 259, 260, 273, 279, 283, 287-291, 294, 303, 307, 503
Henry controversy, 261-266, 318, 329, 402, 405, 476-479, 500, 504
progress of telegraph, displacement of other systems, 269, 270, 313,
321, 349, 350, 352, 367
on Mexican War, 270
printing telegraph, 271
and lawsuits, 272, 320, 371
and salaries of operators, 274
and Vail, 275, 307, 327, 401, 422, 423
financial stress, 276, 310, 311, 336, 460
and Rogers, 277, 278
on aviation, 300, 301
hostility of newspapers, 304-307
and death of Cooper, 314
on origin of "telegram", 316
destruction of papers and evidence, 316
and instruments for Perry's Japanese expedition, 317
and consolidation of lines and monopoly, 320, 326, 341, 405, 444
defeated for Congress (1854), 331, 334
and Know-Nothingism, 331-333
and dishonesty in telegraph organisation, 338, 339, 444-446
and sale of interests, 340, 341
and organisation of Atlantic cable company, 344
private connection with telegraph line, 344
trip to Newfoundland (1855), 345, 346
verse on invention, 346
trip to Europe (1856), 347
and pecuniary reward from foreign nations, their honorary gratuity,
347, 373, 390-395, 409-412, 422, 423, 493
experiments for Atlantic cable, 348, 366
attentions in England, banquet, Cooke's toast, 349, 367-370, 373
and Cooke, 350
visit to Leslie, 351
attentions on Continent, 353
private interview with King of Denmark, 353
at Copenhagen, 354, 355
on Oersted, 354
on St. Petersburg, 355
on presentation to czar at Peterhoff, 356-364
and Humboldt, 365
on Buchanan's election, 371
Kendall's caution against cable company, 372
on laying of first Atlantic cable (1857), 374-383
and Whitehouse's log, 378
doubts success of first and second cables, 379, 386, 387
forced withdrawal from cable company, 384-387
on office-seeking, 387
family party to Europe (1858), 396
visit to daughter in Porto Rico, 397-400, 406
on St. Thomas, 397, 398
on change of climate and clothes, 398
on son-in-law's estate, 399
on death of Vail, 400
constructs first line In Porto Rico, public breakfast, 404
and proposed Spanish cable, 404-406
on Porto Rican fleas, 406
greeting at Poughkeepsie (1859), 407, 408
on proposed candidacy for Presidency, 408
financially independent, 409, 434
and visit of Prince of Wales, 413, 414
and secession and compromise, 414, 416, 418
attitude during Civil War, 415-421, 424, 432
president of Society for National Unity, 415
and founding of Vassar, 417
expects success of North, 419
belief in foreign machinations, 420
and sale of original wire of telegraph, 423
president of a peace society, 424
attitude toward Lincoln, 424, 429
supports McClellan's candidacy, 427, 429-431
and help for Southern prisoners of war, 428
on loyalty to Constitution, 428, 429
and brother's support of Lincoln, 429, 430
endows lectureship in Union Theological Seminary, 437
refused to attend class reunion (1865), rebukes sectional rejoicing,
438-441
statue proposed, 442
on benevolent use of telegraph wealth, 442
demands on, for leadership and aid, 443, 446
and American Asiatic Society, 443
characteristic deadhead, 445
on President Johnson, 446
final trip to Europe (1866), 447
Paris headquarters, family gathering there, 447, 448
presentation at court, court costume, 448-450
on Field and success of cable, 450, 451
on incident of Louis Napoleon's stay at Now York, 451-453
on Paris Exposition, fetes, 453-456
report on electrical display, 454, 457, 460, 464, 475
on Isle Of Wight, 456
winter plans (1867), 457
on Italy and union of Church and State, 458
on reaction of _Reconstruction_ (1867), 458
at Dresden, 459
at Berlin, Von Phillipsborn's courtesy, 461-464
return to America, 464
and presidential election (1868), 465, 466
New York banquet (1868), speeches, 467-475
on science and art, 471
on death of Kendall, 481
unveiling of statue, 482-484
farewell message over the world by telegraph, 485, 486
replies, 486
address, 487-491
abandons plan for trip abroad (1871), 493
last summer, 493
on neutralisation of telegraph, 497, 498
last public appearance, unveils statue of Franklin, address, 505
last illness, 506
death, 507
tributes to, 507-511
funeral, 511, 512
grave, 513
memorial services in Congress, 513-516
and at Boston, 516
summary of inventions, 520
fame, 521
_Letters: See_ J.S.C. Abbott, Allston, Alston, Andrews, Aycrigg, Ball,
Bellows, Blake, Boardman, Bodisco, Breguet, Brett, Bromfield, Bryant,
Burbank, Mrs. Cass, Chevalier, Christy, Clarke, Cole, Cooper, G.T.
Curtis, Daguerre, Day, De Forest, Dix, Douglas, Edwards, Elgin, B.L.
Ellsworth, J. Evarts, Faxton, C.W. Field, J.E.B. Finley, Gale, Mrs.
W.H. Goodrich, Green, Greenough, A.B. Griswold, C.B. Griswold, R.W.
Griswold, Bauser, Henry, Jos. Hillhouse, Hodge, Ingham, S.F. Jarvis,
Mrs. S.F. Jarvis, C. Johnson, Johnston, A. Kendall, King, Lafayette,
Q.W. Lafayette, C.R. Leslie, J.R. Leslie, E. Lind. S.W.M. Lind,
Livingston, D. Lord, Lovering, Ludlow, Macaulay, J.Y. Mason, Mathews,
Mead, Morgan, A. Morse, E.A.B. Morse, J. Morse, L.P.W. Morse, R.C.
Morse, S.E. Morse, S.E. Morse, Jr., S.E.G. Morse, S.W. Morse, Morton,
Newcastle, O'Reilly, M.C. Perry, Ransom, Raymond, Reibart, Roby,
Rossiter, Salisbury, E.S. Sanford, Shaffner, E.F. Smith, E.G. Smith,
F.O.J. Smith, Stevens, Stickney, J. Thompson, H. Thornton,
Thorwaldsen, A. Vail, Mrs. A. Vail, G. Vail, Van Schaick, Vassar,
Viager, Walewaki, T.R. Walker, Mrs. T.R. Walker, Warren, Watson,
Wells, Williams, Wood, T.D. Woolsey.
Morse, Sarah E. (Griswold) marries M., ~2~, 289, 290
domestic life, 290
from M. (1854) on diversions at Washington, extension of patent, 322
Newfoundland trip (1855), 345
goes abroad with M. (1858), 347
(1858), 396
(1866), 447
from M. (1857) on crinoline, 373
on laying of first Atlantic cable, 374
in Porto Rico (1858), 397
and memorial services to M., 514
Morse, Susan W., birth, ~1~, 225
with M. in New York (1825), 274
childhood home, 298
from M. (1838) on coronation of Victoria, rival telegraphs, refusal of
British patent, ~2~, 100, 102
on French patent, birth of Comte de Paris, 103
on exhibitions and projects of telegraph in France, 104
on need of economy, 106
(1839) on "home," 116
_See also_ Lind, Susan W. (Morse).
Morse code. _See_ Dot-and-dash.
Morton, J.L., letters with M. (1831) on Academy of Design, ~1~, 384
Motto of Morse coat of arms, ~2~, 258
Moulton, S.D., at M.'s funeral, ~2~, 512
Murray, Lindley, complimentary letter from Jedediah Morse (1806), ~1~, 14
Music, M. on Continental, ~1~, 325, 343
sacred opera at Rome, 341
Allegri's _Miserere_, 345

Naples, M. at (1830), ~1~, 363, 367
Campo Santo, 367-369
Convent of San Martino, 369, 370
Napoleon III, and M., ~2~, 449, 456
M. on, in New York, belief in his star, 452
_Napoleon_, transatlantic ship (1829), ~1~, 300
Napoleonic Wars, retreat from Moscow, ~1~, 93
English success in Spain, 110
overthrow of Napoleon, 127, 128
Louis XVIII's entree into London (1814), 136-140
London fete of Allies, 142-147
Napoleon's return from Elba, 172
news in London of his abdication, 183-185
M. sees ship bearing Napoleon to St. Helena, 379
National Academy of Design, inception, M.'s plan of membership and control,
~1~, 276-282, 284
organisers, 280
M. as president, 280
M.'s annual address, review, and rejoinder (1827), 289
exhibition (1828), 291
M. secures casts for, 384
needs M.'s guiding hand (1831), 384
Trumbull's opposition to union of Art Academy, ~2~, 22
fear lest M. should resign presidency (1837), 33
M. expects to resign presidency (1839), 114
Daguerre elected an honorary member, 141
continuation of M.'s interest, 306
M. again president (1861), 417
M. presents portrait and brush of Allston, 436, 437
M. on progress (1868), 471
National Gallery, M. on (1829), ~1~, 309
_Neptune_, transatlantic ship (1813), ~1~, 118
Nettleton, ----, butler at Yale (1810), ~1~, 20
Neutral trade, search (1811), ~1~, 33
England and embargo, 39
Orders in Council and nonintercourse, 67, 70, 76
objects of Orders, 91, 92
repeal of Orders, 115
_See also_ War of 1812.
Neutralization of telegraph, M. on (1871), ~2~, 497, 498
Newcastle, Fifth Duke of (Earl of Lincoln), and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 95,
96, 124, 127
to M. (1860) on visit of Prince of Wales, 413
Newcastle, Sixth Duke of (Earl of Lincoln), at Peterhoff (1856), ~2~, 363
New Haven, Morse family at, ~1~, 234
Newspapers, hostility to M.'s claims as monopolistic, ~2~, 304-306
Newton, G.S., and M., ~1~, 308, 309
marriage, ~2~, 4
New Year at Rome, ~1~, 377
New York City, called insipid (1810), ~1~, 20
defences in War of 1812, 150
M.'s plans for settling at (1823), future, 246-249
M.'s studios, rentals, 249, 257, 274, 291
M.'s initial failure at, 249-252
his establishment at (1824-25), 257-259
M.'s portrait of Lafayette for, 260-264, 270, 272
literary club, 282, ~2~, 451
M. on improvement and conditions (1833), 22, 24
M.'s home, 409
banquet to M. (1869), 467-475
statue to M., unveiling (1871), 482-484
M.'s farewell message to the telegraph, 485-491
M.'s funeral, 511, 512
_See also_ National Academy of Design.
New York _Herald_, on M.'s submarine experiment (1842), ~2~, 183, 184
tribute to M., 509
New York _Journal of Commerce_, M. and travel letters for (1830), ~1~, 317
on exhibition of telegraph (1838), ~2~, 74
on M.'s rivals, 284
New York _Observer_, founded, success, ~1~, 243
New York, University of City of, M. as professor, and his telegraph, ~2~,
37, 43, 44, 114
_Niagara_, U.S.S., and laying of first Atlantic cable, ~2~, 378-383
Nicholas I of Russia, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 120
Nonintercourse, effect in England (1812), ~1~, 67, 70
Northampton, Marquis of, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 95, 128
Notes, M. refuses to endorse, ~2~, 319
Nothomb, Baron de, and M. at Berlin, ~2~, 462
Nullification, Lafayette on, ~1~, 431
M. on compromise, ~2~, 23, 24

Oberman, ----, and M. at Hamburg (1856), ~2~, 353
Oersted, H.C., M. on, ~2~, 354
Office, M. on seeking at Washington (1858), ~2~, 387
Oldenburg, Duchess of, appearance (1814), ~1~, 137
Ombroai, ----, consul at Florence (1831), ~2~, 386
Orders in Council, British attitude (1812), ~1~, 67, 76
repeal and war, 89, 115
objects, 91, 92
O'Reilly, Henry, character, ~2~, 259
to M. (1845) congratulations, 259
infringements on M.'s patent, rival company, 260, 273, 279, 287-291,
294, 303, 307
last attack on M., 503
Orton, William, banquet to M., ~2~, 467, 472
and statue to M., 484
and M.'s farewell message to the telegraph, 485, 486
at M.'s funeral, 511
O'Shaughnessy, Sir William, and M., ~2~, 349, 377
Otho of Greece, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 148
Owen, J.J., and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Owen, Robert, and Wilberforce, ~1~, 185
at Washington (1825), 263
and M., 264

Painting, Leslie on Allston and King, ~1~, 59
comparison with poetry, 110, 117
Allston on French school, 114
_See also_ Allston, Morse, S. F. B., National Academy of Design.
Palm Sunday at Rome (1830), ~1~, 344
Palmer, ----, return to America (1832), ~2~, 4
Paradise, J.W., and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Paris, Comte de, birth, ~2~, 103
christening, 104
Paris, M. at (1830), ~1~, 316-318
after Revolution of 1830, 405
mob and Polish revolt (1831), 409-411
cholera (1832), 417, 423
M.'s exhibition of telegraph at (1838), projects, ~2~, 102-134
M. at (1856), 851
(1858), 396
(1866), 447
(1868), 464
his presentation at court, 448-450
Paris Exposition (1867), M.'s enthusiasm, ~2~, 453
his report on electrical exhibit, 454, 457, 460, 464, 478
fetes, 454-456
attempt on czar's life, 455
Parisen, J., and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Parker, Joel, and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Parkman, Dr. George, M. on meanness, ~1~, 160
Passion Sunday at Rome (1830), ~1~, 343
Patent of telegraph, caveat, ~2~, 69
specification, 89
application in England, refusal, 92-98
proposal of special act of Parliament, 95, 124, 126
French, 103, 132
issued in United States, 157
for printing telegraph, 271
infringements, 257, 271-273, 276, 277, 282-294, 316, 322
extension of M.'s, 258, 322-326, 346, 347, 370
Patron, M. seeks (1814), ~1~, 134, 142, 155
Patterson, J.W., at memorial services to M., ~2~, 515
Patterson, R.M., and exhibition of telegraph, ~2~, 79, 80
Payne, J.H., Mrs. Morse on character, ~1~, 118
Peace, M. on telegraph and promotion, ~2~, 345, 462, 497
Peale, Rembrandt, and study of live figure, ~2~, 101
and portrait of Lafayette, 261
and origin of Academy of Design, 280
Peel, Lady Emily, at Peterhoff (1856), ~2~, 358
Peel, Sir Robert, at Peterhoff (1856), ~2~, 362
Pell, Capt. ----, of the _Sully_ (1832), ~2~, 3
on conception of telegraph, 12
Perceval, Spencer, and American crisis (1812), ~1~, 67, 70
assassination, 71
Perry, H.J., and proposed Spanish cable, ~2~, 405
Perry, M.C., to M. (1852) on telegraph instruments for Japanese
expedition, ~2~, 317
Persiani, ----, soiree, ~1~, 347
Peter, Saint, image in St. Peter's at Rome, ~1~, 340
feast day at Rome, 361
Peterhoff, M. on presentation to czar at, ~2~, 356-363
Philadelphia, West on, as future art centre, ~1~, 73
exhibition of telegraph (1838), ~2~, 80
Phillips, Mrs. ----, transatlantic voyage (1815), ~1~, 188
Phillips Andover Academy, M. at, ~1~, 3
Phillipsborn, ---- von, and M. at Berlin, ~2~, 461, 482
on telegraph and battle of Koeniggraetz, 463
Photography, M.'s early experiments, ~1~, 421, ~2~, 129
_See also_ Daguerreotype.
Pickett, B.M., Morse statue, ~2~, 482
Pisa, M. at (1830), ~2~, 335
Leaning Tower, 336
Pius VIII, at ceremonies in old age, ~1~, 339, 346, 363
death, 376
Platoff, ----, at London (1814), ~1~, 146, 147
Plattsburg, battle, ~1~, 150, 151
Poems by M. ~1~, 273, ~2~, 494-496
Poet, and painter, ~1~, 110, 117
Poinsett, J.R., and Art Academy at Charleston, ~1~, 235, 236
and proposed Mexican minion (1823), 252, 253
Poland, revolt (1830), ~1~, 386-389
Lafayette on revolt, 408, 431
Paris and revolt, mob (1831), 409-411
M.'s active interest, 430
Polk, J.K., presidential nomination reported by telegraph, ~2~, 224, 225
Pope, F.L., on Morse alphabet, ~2~, 76
Popes. _See_ Gregory, Pius.
Porteus, Beilby, from Jedediah Morse (1806) on disestablishment in
Virginia, ~1~, 13
Porto Rico, M.'s visit (1858), ~2~, 399-400, 404, 406
first telegraph line, 404
Portraits by M., John Adams, ~1~, 196
Mrs. Ball, 231-233
De Forest, 243
James Kent, 250
Moss Kent, 246
Lafayette, 260-262, 264, 270, 272, 286
John Langdon, 211
Mrs. Lind, 435
James Monroe, 222, 226, 234
James Russell, 180
Dr. Smith, 261
Stanford, 270
Thorwaldsen, 370-374, ~2~, 465
Portrule, ~2~, 74, 88, 90
superseded, 117
Portsmouth, N.H., M. at (1816-17), ~1~, 210, 212, 213
Portugal, testimonials to M., ~2~, 393, 403
Potter, Edward, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Poughkeepsie, M.'s home at, ~2~, 269, 280, 284, 286, 296, 464, 498
greeting to M. (1859), 407, 408
Powell, W.H., commission for Capitol painting, ~2~, 267
Prescott, G.B., M. on work, ~2~, 457
_President_, U.S.S., reported capture (1811), ~1~, 54
Presidential election, conduct in Congress (1825), ~1~, 263
report over telegraph of conventions (1844), ~2~, 219, 224-228
M. on Buchanan's election, 371
M. supports McClellan's candidacy, 427, 429-431
M. on (1868), 465, 466
Prime, S.I., on M.'s anecdote of West, ~1~, 42
on M.'s grandfather, 227
on Jedediah Morse and wife, 287, 293
on incident in construction of experimental line, ~2~, 214
on success of line, 222
on sustainment of M.'s patent, 291
on M. and Phillipsborn at Berlin, 461-484
review of M.'s character, 516
Prince, L.B., at M.'s funeral, ~2~, 512
Printing, M. on, ~2~, 299
Printing telegraph, ~2~, 271
_See also_ House.
Prosch, ----, and instruments for telegraph, ~2~, 153, 154
Prussia, testimonials to M., ~2~, 392
telegraph in Austrian War, 463
Public ownership, M.'s plan for telegraph, ~2~, 84-86, 119, 175, 176
price of offer, 86
Congress declines to purchase, 228, 229, 232, 244, 245
Pump, M.'s invention, ~1~, 211

Putnam, Aaron, oration at Charlestown (1805), ~1~, 7.
Putnam, I.W., as minister, ~1~, 213

Quarantine, M. evades French (1831), ~1~, 402-405
Quincy, Josiah, at memorial services to M., ~2~, 516

Raasloff, Capt. ----, and M., ~2~, 353
Radziwill, Prince M.J., M.'s encounter with, at Rome (1830), ~1~, 386-389
and Polish revolt, 389
Railroads, first mention by M., ~1~, 335
M.'s invention for reporting trains, ~2~, 132
Ralston, Eliza, and M., ~1~, 88, 89
Rankin, R.G., on first view of telegraph and M.'s attitude, ~2~, 45-47
Ransom, W.L., from M. (1864) on loyalty, ~2~, 428
Raymond, H.J., and Henry-Morse controversy, letters with M. (1852), ~2~,
318
Reading, M. and old poets, ~1~, 102
Receiver, M.'s original conception, ~2~, 7, 8, 18, 21
first form, 38-40
reversion to first plan of up-and-down motion, 61
multiple record, 76
M. on receiving by sound, 457, 479, 480
Recoaro, M. at (1831), ~1~, 396-398
Reconstruction, M. on reaction (1867), ~2~, 458
Reeves, Tapping, and M., ~1~, 238
Reibart, ----, from M. (1859) on candidacy for President, ~2~, 408
Reid, J.D., on Kendall as M.'s agent, ~2~, 246
on O'Reilly, 259
on Vail's incapacity, 295, 296
on Huntington's address at banquet to M., 473
and statue to M., 482
and M.'s farewell message to telegraph, 486
M.'s thanks to, 490
tribute to M., 507
Reinagle, Hugh, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Relay, M.'s discovery, ~2~, 41
other discoverers, 42
Henry and, 140, 141
Religion, M.'s early bent, ~1~, 5, 6, 18
parental admonitions, 6-8
M.'s attitude, 6, 18, 120, 212, 213, 296-298
M. on Canterbury Cathedral and service, 310-312
on Continental Sunday, 818, 322
on devotion and emotion of taste, 401
M.'s observance of Sabbath, ~2~, 128
M. on union of Church and State, 468
_See also_ Morse, S.F.B. (_Early years_), Roman Catholic Church.
Remberteau, Comte, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 123
Rents at New York, ~1~, 249, 274, 291
Renwick, James, on M.'s conception of telegraph, ~1~, 420
Republicans, called Jacobins (1805), ~1~, 7
celebration of Fourth at Charlestown, 7
_See also_ War of 1812.
Revolution of 1830, Paris after, ~1~, 405
Lafayette on European results, 430
Ribera, Jusepe. _See_ Spagnoletto.
Rigi, M. on, ~1~, 401
Ripley's Inn, Hartford, ~1~, 9
Rives, W.C., M.'s letter of introduction. ~1~, 299
at Fourth dinner at Paris (1832), 424
return to America, ~2~, 3
M. on, 4
and invention of telegraph, 14
Roberts, M.O., and Atlantic cable, ~2~, 343
Robinson, Charles, and M.'s telegraph in Europe, ~2~, 255
Roby, Mrs. Margaret, from M. (1829) on ocean voyage, Liverpool, ~1~, 306
(1830) on journey to London, experiences there, Canterbury, Dover,
Channel passage, Paris, 306
on journey to Dijon, diligence, funeral, Continental Sunday, 318
Rocafuerto, Vicente, M. on, ~1~, 247
Rogers, H.J., and telegraph, ~2~, 239
break with M., 277, 278
from Smith (1871) on Henry's invention of telegraph, 498
Rogers, Lewis, return to America (1832), ~2~, 4
Rogers, Nathaniel, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Rogers, Samuel, and M., ~1~, 95, 308
Roman Catholic Church, emancipation question in England (1812), ~1~, 67;
M. on French funeral, 321, 322
on Sisters of Charity, 323
on ritual, 324, 340, 398
_festa infionta_ at Genzano, 354-359
M.'s discussion with converts, 377, ~2~, 364
gambling priests, ~1~, 396
M. on sacred pictures, 399
M.'s antagonism and controversies, ~2~, 36-37, 330-333, 337
_See also_ Rome.
Rome, M.'s arrival and lodgings (1830), ~1~, 337
his work, 338, 354
induction of cardinals, 339, 340
Plus VIII in old age, 339
kissing of St. Peter's toe, 340
St. Luke's Academy, 340
beggars, 341
feast of Annunciation, 341
society, 342-344, 347
Passion Sunday, 343
Palm Sunday, 344
lying in state of cardinal, 344
market, 345
Allegri's _Miserere_, 345
Holy Thursday, papal benediction, 346, 347
funeral, 360
feast of St. Francesco Caracoiolo, 352
procession of _Corpus Domini_, M. on monks, 352
rudeness of soldiers, 353
lotteries, 354
Campagna at night, 358
a summer day, 360
illuminations of St. Peter's, 360
St. Peter's day, 361-363
vaults of St. Peter's, 362
social evil, 374
death of Pius VII, 376
revolt in provinces (1831), danger to foreigners, 376, 380-385, 397
New Year, 377
election and coronation of Gregory XVI, 378, 380, 381
Trasteverini, 382
Romeyn, Dr. Nicholas, and M., ~1~, 152
to Jedediah Morse (1814) on M., 166
Rossiter, J.P., to M. (1811) on social gossip, ~1~, 27-30
Royal Academy, M.'s preparation for entrance, ~1~, 43, 46, 65
Allston elected, 222
M. at lecture (1829), 308
Royal Society, M.'s exhibition of telegraph, ~2~, 96
Russell, James, M.'s portrait, ~1~, 180
Russell, Lucy, and M., ~1~, 180
Russia, and M.'s telegraph (1839), ~2~, 97, 120, 122, 136-138, 147
renewed interest in telegraph (1844), 240, 244
M. at St. Petersburg and Peterhoff (1856), 355-364
and gratuity to M., 393
Russian Extension, M. and manipulation, ~2~, 445

St. Bartholomew's Fair, London, M. on (1811), ~1~, 52-54
Saint-Germain Railroad, and M.'s telegraph, ~2~, 105, 110, 119
_St. Laurent_, transatlantic steamer (1868), ~2~, 464
St. Luke's Academy, Rome, M. on, ~1~, 340
St. Martino Convent at Naples, M. on, ~1~, 309, 370
St. Peter's Church. _See_ Rome.
St. Petersburg, M. on display of wealth (1856), ~2~, 355
St. Thomas Island, M. at (1858), ~2~, 397, 398
Salisbury, E.S., from M. (1841) on order for portrait, discouraging
conditions, ~2~, 158
(1865) on Yale's celebration of sectional victory, 438
Samson, G.W., and M.'s farewell message to telegraph, ~2~, 485
Sanford, Ahas, "appointment" at Yale, ~1~, 26
Sanford, E.S., from M. (1867) on crooked telegraph manipulations, ~1~, 444
on government purchase, 446
on financial stress, 460
Sanitary Commission, M. on aid for Confederate prisoners of war, ~1~, 428
Santa Anna, A.L. de, at St. Thomas (1858), ~2~, 397
Saul, Leslie's painting, ~1~, 123
Sculpture, M.'s carving machine, ~1~, 248, 247
Seabury, Samuel, and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Search, British, of American ships, ~1~, 33
Sebastiani, Comte F.H.B., mob attack (1831), ~1~, 410, 411
Secession, M.'s attitude, ~2~, 414, 416, 418
Sender, saw-tooth type, ~2~, 18, 21; first form, 89
Improvement in portrait, 74, 88, 90
correspondent or key substituted, 117
"Serenade," M.'s poem, ~2~, 495, 496
Serra Palace, M. on, ~1~, 329.
Serrell, ----, and experimental telegraph line, ~2~, 206, 211, 212
Servants, M. on problem, ~1~, 281, 292
on English, 302
Servell, ----, visual telegraph, ~2~, 53
Seymour, T.H., with M. at Peterhoff (1856), ~2~, 356, 357
Shaffner, T.P. letters with M. (1848) on clash with rival company, ~2~,
287-289
and M. at Washington, 323
from M. (1859) on death of Vail, 400
on Henry controversy, 402
Shaw, ----, invention of percussion cap, ~2~, 472
Shee, Sir M.A., meets M., ~1~, 308
Shepard, Nancy, M.'s nurse, ~1~, 3, ~2~, 72
Sheridan, R.B., lines on Lettsom, ~1~, 40
Shubrick, W.B., at early exhibition of telegraph, ~2~, 48
Siddons, Mrs., M. on, ~1~, 77
Siemens, Werner, and duplex telegraph, ~2~, 187
and M. at Berlin, 461
Silliman, Benjamin, M. on "Journal," ~1~, 18
M.'s scientific studies under, 236
in Berkshires with M., 238, 239
epitaph for Mrs. Morse, 270, 271
experiments in photography, 421
M.'s indebtedness, ~2~, 58
Simbaldi, Palazzo, musical soiree at (1830), ~1~, 342
Simpson, John, at M.'s funeral, ~2~, 512
Sisters of Charity, M. on, ~1~, 323
Slave-trade, Wilberforce and abolition, ~1~, 135
Slavery, M.'s defence, ~2~, 331, 333, 389, 390, 415, 416, 424-426, 432
Smith, Capt. ----, of _Napoleon_ (1829), ~1~, 300
Smith, E.F., from M. (1853) on endorsing notes, ~2~, 319
Smith, E.G., and M. ~2~, 188
to M. (1847) on painting for Capitol, 267
Smith, F.O.J., offer to help M., ~2~, 82
character, cause of later antagonism, 82, 83
conditions of partnership, 83
report to Congress on telegraph, 87
and patent specification, 89
goes to Europe with M., 89
returns, 109
on Chamberlain, 148
abandons efforts for telegraph, 151, 165, 168, 178, 181, 186
and construction of experimental line, and beginning of hostility to M.,
206, 212, 213, 216, 218, 219, 225
and formation of companies, 235, 236
telegraph dictionary, dedication to M., 236-238
life-long continuation of antagonism, 238, 247, 273, 280, 303, 304, 307,
312, 320
and management of partnership, 247
separation of interests, 308, 309, 312
denial of injunction against, 319
and extension of patent, demand of share, 324, 328, 346, 370
claim to share foreign gratuity, 409-412, 423
M.'s acknowledgment to, 471, 489
on Henry as inventor of telegraph, 498-502
last attack on M., 502-505, 507
_Letters to M.:_
(1841) on M.'s service to humanity, ~2~, 165.
_From M:_
(1838) on public control of telegraph, 84
(1838-39) on French and Russian projects, key, 109-112, 117, 122
on Jackson's claim, 121
on English affairs, 124
(1839) on discouraging conditions, abandonment by partners, 135, 150
(1840) on Wheatstone's proposition, 158
(1841) on lobbyist, 164
on making further effort, progress of rivals, aid from Congress, 165
(1842) on Henry's praise, private company, 172, 173
on abandoning invention, Congress, 178
on discouraging conditions, 180
(1843) on bill in Congress, 195
on passage of act, 201
on trenching contract, 206
(1844) on company, 236
on Smith's dedication to M., disputed division of partnership, 238
(1849) on separation of interests, 308
(1850) on claim to share of gratuity, 412
Smith, Goldwin, at banquet to M., ~2~, 472
Smith, J.A., informal club (1837), ~2~, 451
Smith, J.L., and telegraph in Turkey, ~2~, 298
Smith, Nathan, M.'s portrait, ~1~, 261
Smithsonian Institution, and Henry-Morse controversy, ~2~, 402
Smuggling, M.'s experience, ~1~, 45, 46
Snow, R.W., to Mrs. Morse (1812) on M. as artist, ~1~, 64
Social evil, M. on, at Rome, ~1~, 374
Society, M. on Roman (1830), ~1~, 342-344
on English, French, and American manners, 348, 349
on Venetian. 394
Society for diffusing Useful Political Knowledge, ~2~, 424
Solomons, A.S., and memorial services to M., ~2~, 514
Somaglia, Cardinal, lying in state, ~1~, 344
Sorrento, M. at (1830), ~1~, 364
Soult, Marshal, ministry, ~2~, 117
Sounder. _See_ Receiver.
South Carolina, nullification, ~1~, 431, ~2~, 23, 24
_See also_ Charleston.
Southey, Robert, sketch for admirer, ~1~, 73, 113
Spagnoletto, M. on Dead Christ, 370
Spain, M. on Wellington's victories, ~1~, 110
interest in M.'s telegraph, 244
testimonials to M., 368
proposed cable to West Indies (1859), 404-406
Spaulding, M.J., M.'s religious controversy, ~2~, 35, 330
Spencer, George, discussion with M. on Catholicism, ~1~, 377
Spencer, J.C., and telegraph, ~2~, 204
Sprague, Peleg, referee on Smith's claim, ~2~, 411
Stafford, Marquis of, seat and gallery, ~1~, 307
Stanford, ----, of New York, M.'s portrait, ~1~, 270
Stanly, Edward, and telegraph, ~2~, 194
Statham, Samuel, and M. in (1856), ~2~, 348
Statue to M., proposed (1865), 3, 442
unveiling, 482-184
Steinheil, K.A., telegraph, ~2~, 109, 150, 171, 173
and ground circuit, 243, 367, 470
recommends M.'s telegraph, 313, 367
Stephen, ----, son of James, and War of 1812, ~1~, 89
Sterling, Antoinette, and M.'s farewell message to telegraph, ~2~, 486
Stevens, W.B., from M. on telegraph in Congress, ~2~, 198
Stickney, William, from M. (1869) on death of Kendall, ~2~, 481
Stiles, J.C., and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Stock-watering, M. not responsible, ~2~, 86
Stothard, Thomas, meets M., ~1~, 308
Strong, Caleb, expected election (1812), ~1~, 66
Strother, D.H., on M.'s poverty (1841), ~2~, 162, 163
Stuart, Gilbert, M. on, ~1~, 93, 102
Sturgeon, William, and electro-magnet, ~2~, 478
Subiaco, M.'s rhapsody, ~1~, 351
Sullivan, Sarah W., marriage, ~2~, 4
Sully, Thomas, and study of life figure, ~1~, 101
and portrait of Lafayette, 261
painting for steamer, 289
_Sully_, transatlantic ship (1832), ~2~, 3
Sunday, M. on Continental, ~1~, 318, 322
Supreme Court, on M.'s patent, ~2~, 291-293, 322
_Susquehanna_, and laying of first Atlantic cable, ~2~, 378
Swedish Royal Academy of Science, M.'s membership, ~2~, 393, 403
Switzerland, M. in (1831), ~1~, 400-402

Talleyrand, C.M. de, from Jedediah Morse (1811) introducing M. ~2~, 31
Taney, R.B., telegraph decision, ~2~, 292
Tappan, H.B., on first view of telegraph, ~2~, 47
Tardi, Luigia, singer, ~1~, 342
Tatham & Brothers, and experimental telegraph line, ~2~, 212
Taylor, Moses, and Atlantic cable, ~2~, 343
"Telegram," origin, ~2~, 316
Telegraph. _See_ Atlantic cable, Battery, Circuit, Consolidation,
Dot-and-dash, Duplex, Experimental line, Morse (S.F.B.), Patent,
Public ownership, Relay, Receiver, Sender, Wire, Wireless.
Theatre, at St. Bartholomew's Fair (1811), ~1~, 53
M.'s attitude, 72, 78, 374-376
M. on Kemble, Cooke, Mrs. Siddons, 77
premier of Coleridge's _Remorse_, 96
maternal warnings against, 118
M.'s farce, 129, 180
Thompson, John, from M. (1867) on fetes of Paris Exposition, ~2~, 464
(1868) on desire to return home, 464
Thompson, M.E., and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Thornton, Sir Edward, at banquet to M., ~2~, 468, 469
Thornton, Henry, and M., ~1~, 89, 90
and War of 1812, 89
on Orders in Council, 91, 92
letters with M. (1813-14) on prisoner of war, 124-127
Thorwaldsen, A.B., M. on, at Rome and as artist, ~1~, 348, ~2~, 354
M.'s portrait, ~1~, 348, 370
from M. (1830) on portrait, 371
later history of portrait, 372-374, ~2~, 466
gift to Academy of Design, ~1~, 384
Thunder storms in Venice, ~1~, 393, 394
Tilden, S.J., at M.'s funeral, ~2~, 512
Tips, M. on, in England, ~1~, 37
Tisdale, ----, on Dying Hercules, ~1~, 185
Todd, John, on Jedediah Morse, ~1~, 287
on Mrs. Morse, 293
Torrey, John, at exhibition of telegraph, ~2~, 54
Toucey, Isaac, and M. as office-seeker for son, ~2~, 388
Toulon, M. on navy yard and galley slaves (1830), ~1~, 326, 327
Town, Ithiel, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
travel with M. (1829-30), 309, 317
Trasteverini, character, ~1~, 382
Travel, English war-time regulations (1811), ~1~, 36
treatment of travellers, tips, impositions, 37-39
delay in sailing of ships, 55
M.'s Journal of dreadful voyage (1815), 186-195
from New York to Washington (1824), 256
transatlantic (1829), 300-302
stage coach to London (1829), 306-308
Channel steamers (1829), 314
(1845), ~2~, 250
winter journey across France by diligence (1830), ~1~, 318-326
diligence described, 319
from Toulon to Geneva, 327, 328
imposition of innkeepers, 327, 330
from Genoa to Rome, 330-337
conditions and perils of Italian, 332, 391, 400
to Venice by boat on Po, 391-393
Trentanove, Raymond, gift to Academy of Design, ~1~, 384
Trentham Hall, ~2~, 307
Trollope, Mrs. Francos, M. on _Domestic Manners_, ~1~, 428
Trumbull, John, M. on, as artist, ~1~, 102
and M.'s portrait of Mrs. Ball, 232
and Academy of Arts, 249, 276, ~2~, 22
Turkey, testimonials to M., ~2~, 297, 393
Turner, J.M.W., M. meets, ~1~, 309
Twining, Stephen, and M. at Yale, ~1~, 14, 21
Tyng, S.H., and statue to M., ~2~, 484

Union Theological Seminary, M. endows lectureship, ~2~, 437
Unitarianism, Jedediah Morse's opposition, ~1~, 1
M. on, ~2~, 430
Universalists, M. on, ~1~, 213
Upham, N.G., referee on Smith's claim, ~2~, 411
Uriel in the Sun, Allston's painting, ~1~, 307

Vail, Alfred, first view of telegraph, ~2~, 54
association with it, contract, 59, 60
and dot-and-dash alphabet, 62-65
work with M., 70, 76, 81
M.'s acknowledgment of indebtedness to, 71, 471, 489
friction, 79, 80
new arrangement of partnership, 83
ceases effort for telegraph, 136, 151, 168, 178, 181, 186, 401
and construction and operation of experimental line, agreement, 204,
205, 215, 216, 220
and operation of telegraph, 239
Kendall, as agent, 246, 339, 340
and Henry controversy, 261
relations with M. after 1844, 275, 307, 327-329, 339, 401
incapacity for telegraph work, 296
M. and death, 400, 401
_Letters to M:_
(1840) proposing exhibition at Philadelphia, ~2~, 153
(1841) on private line, 169
(1846) on accident, 268
(1847) on avoiding active interest in companies, 275
(1848) on suits, severing connection with telegraph, 294
(1849) on newspaper hostility, 307
_From M:_
(1838) on prospects, portrule, 88, 90
on exhibition before Institute of France, 107
(1839) on discouraging conditions, 149
(1840) on same, 151
(1841) on scattered partners, hope, 169
(1842) on duplex and wireless experiments, action in Congress, 185
(1843) on bill, 196
on passage of act, 201
on preparation for experimental line, 204
(1844) on operating, 220, 221
(1846) on faithless associates, 260
on accident, 268
(1847) on personal relations, 275
(1847) on faithlessness of Rogers, 277, 278
(1854) on share under extension of patent, 327
Vail, Mrs. Alfred, from M. (1862) on share in gratuity, ~2~, 422
Vail, George, and brother's connection with telegraph, ~2~, 79
to M. (1842) refusing assistance, 184
from M. (1854) on brother's share in extension of patent, 328
suspicion of M., 339
from M. (1862) on original wire of telegraph, 423
Vail, Stephen, and telegraph, ~2~, 70, 184
Van Buren, Martin, and letters of introduction for M. (1829), ~1~, 299
and exhibition of telegraph (1838), ~2~, 81
Vanderlyn, John, and M.'s portrait of Mrs. Ball, ~1~, 232
and portrait of Lafayette, 261
and origin of Academy of Design, 280
painting for steamer, 289
Van Dyke, H.J., and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Van Rensselaer, Stephen, and M. at London (1812), ~1~, 73
presented at court, 77
and M. as artist, 245, 252
Van Shalek, ----, to M. (1814) on New York's defenses, ~1~, 150
on victories, New England Federalism, 150
to Jedediah Morse on M.'s character, war views, and progress, 166
orders painting from M., 251
from M. (1831) on copies of paintings, 390
Vassar, Matthew, from M. (1861) on Vassar College, ~2~, 417
Vassar College. M. and founding, ~2~, 417
Vauxhall Gardens, M. on (1811), ~1~, 50-52
Venice, M.'s Journey to, by Po (1831), ~1~, 391-393
sights and smells, 393
thunder storms, 393, 394
society, 394
_Venice Preserved_, M. on, ~1~, 72
Vernet, Horace, M. on, at Rome, ~1~, 343, 344
Victoria of England, coronation, ~2~, 100
anecdote of kindness, 101
Villages, aspect of English (1829), ~1~, 306
Vinci, Leonardo da, and science, ~2~, 471
Virginia, disestablishment, church property, ~1~, 13
Visger, Harman, and M., ~1~, 121
to M. (1814) on self-support, Allston, 123
Visscher, ----, in England (1812), and M., ~1~, 83, 169-171
Vouchy, Comte de, and M., ~2~, 351

Wainwright, J.M., informal club (1837), ~2~, 451
Walcott, ----, and daguerreotypes, ~2~, 145
Walcott, G.K., and M.'s farewell message to telegraph, ~2~, 486
Waldo, S.L., and portrait of Lafayette, ~1~, 261
and origin of Academy of Design, 280
Wales, Prince of, M. and visit to America, ~2~, 413
New York ball, 414
Walewski, Comte, and gratuity to M., ~2~, 373
to M. (1858) announcing award, 390
M.'s reply, 394
Walker, Charles [1], M. on family, ~1~, 202
Walker, Charles [2], with M. at New York (1825), ~1~, 275
Walker, Lucretia P., love and engagement to M., ~1~, 202-210
visits his parents, 212
and fiance, 214
converted, 214
marriage, 217
_See also_ Morse, Lucretia P.
Walker, S.C., and Henry-Morse controversy, ~2~, 262
Walker, T.R., to M. (1849) on animosity of newspapers, ~2~, 304
from M. (1855) on Atlantic cable, 343
(1862) on monarchy in America, 420
Walker, Mrs. T.R., from M. (1872) on poem, ~2~, 494
Wall, William, and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Walpole, N.H., M. at (1816), ~1~, 206
Walsh, Robert, and M.'s telegraph, prophecy, ~2~, 125
War of 1812, M. on British attitude (1811), ~1~, 48;
M.'s Republican attitude, 58, 64, 70, 76, 81, 82, 84, 87, 109, 110,
115, 116, 140, 141, 152, 153, 166, 168, 181
Federalistic attitude of M.'s family, 58, 66, 79, 80, 99, 109, 114, 118,
122, 181
Americans in England not disturbed, 58, 86
question of Orders in Council, 67, 76, 89
English opinion of Federalists, 81
Allston's attitude, 89
and French influence in America, 90, 91
repeal of Orders in Council, 115
hatred of Americans in England, 116, 117, 120, 163
M.'s efforts for release of a prisoner of war, 124-127
New York defences, 150
Lake Erie and Plattsburg, 150, 151
New England's opposition, 151
American effort (1814), 156
Federalistic view (1814), 157, 158
England and peace overtures, 165
Mrs. Morse on peace, 173
Warren, Edward, and Jackson's claim, letter from M. (1847), ~2~, 274
Warren, Mass. _See_ Western.
Warren Phalanx of Charlestown (1805), ~1~, 7
Washington, ----, telegraph operator, ~2~, 480
Washington, George, as letter-writer, ~1~, 4
Washington, D.C., M. at (1819), ~1~, 226
(1824), 255
(1825), 261
Mrs. Monroe's drawing-room, 227
Monroe's last levee, Adams and Jackson at it, 262
M.'s effort for commission for painting for Capitol, ~2~, 28-32, 266-268
first exhibition of telegraph, 81
second exhibition, 185
construction of telegraph line to Baltimore, 204-228
_Washington_, transatlantic steamer (1846), ~2~, 283
Watson, P.H., and extension of M.'s patent, ~2~, 325
Wealth, M. on divine enigma, ~2~, 436
Webster, Daniel, on Jedediah Morse, ~1~, 287
and M.'s effort for commission for painting for Capitol, ~2~, 28
Webster, Emily, engagement, ~1~, 112
Weld, Thomas, induction as cardinal, ~1~, 339
meets M., 385
Wellington, Duke of, Spanish victories, ~1~, 110
Wells, William, to M. (1793) on money, ~1~, 2
West, Benjamin, interest in M., ~1~, 42, 44, 46, 47, 62, 73, 85, 102, 103,
114, 179
anecdote of George III and Declaration of Independence, 42, 43
Christ healing the Sick, 44
Christ before Pilate, 44, 47
activity and powers in old age, 44
M. on, as artist, 63, 68, 69
on Philadelphia as art centre, 73
gout, 85
West. W.E., and M., ~1~, 309
Western, Mass., tavern (1805), ~1~, 9
Western Union Telegraph Company, passes a dividend (1867), ~2~, 460
"What hath God wrought" message, ~2~, 222
Wheatstone, Sir Charles, and relay, ~2~, 42
telegraph, 50
M. on telegraph and his own, 90, 92, 93, 100-102, 242
opposes patent to M., 93
progress of telegraph, 150
proposition to M. rejected. 158
gets American patent, 166
Henry on telegraph, 171, 173
and ground circuit, 243, 250
telegraph displaced by M.'s, 313, 350
Wheeler, ----, return to America (1812), ~1~, 80
Wheeler, F.B., on M.'s character, ~2~, 493
at M.'s funeral, 511
at memorial services, 516
Whig Convention (1844), report by telegraph, ~2~, 220
White, Chandler, and Atlantic cable, ~2~, 343
Whitehouse, E.O.W., experiments for Atlantic cable, ~2~, 348, 366
and laying of first cable, 377
log, 378
Whitney. Eli, and M.'s pump, ~1~, 211
Wilberforce, William, and M., ~1~, 89, 94
and War of 1812, 90
and slave-trade, 135
character, 140
and final overthrow of Napoleon, 185
Willard, J.S., death, ~1~, 8
_William Joliffe_, Channel steamer (1845), ~2~, 250
Williams, H.I., from M. (1847) on law suits, ~2~, 272
Willington, R.S., from M. (1835) on Catholic plot, ~2~, 35
Wilson, D.W., and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Wilson, J.L., and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Windsor, Vt., M. at and on (1816), ~1~, 207, 208
Winslow, Hubbard, and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Wire, M. and underground, ~2~, 121
experiment with submarine, 183
duplex telegraphy, 185, 187
failure of underground, for experimental line, 205, 209-211, 214, 216
insulation for experimental line, 208, 209, 215
use of naked, 208
overhead, for experimental line, 210, 215
use of ground circuit, 221, 367, 470
Wireless telegraphy, M.'s experiment, ~2~, 186, 187, 242, 243
Wiseman, N.P.S., meets M., ~1~, 377
Women, M. on appearance of English, ~1~, 35
Wood, Fernando, and memorial services for M., ~2~, 513, 515
Wood, George, to M. (1849) on harassments, 2, 303;
and extension of patent, letter to M. (1854), 324, 325
to M. (1865) on slavery argument, 432
from M. (1864) on divine hand in progress of telegraph, 435
on wayward sons, enigma of wealth, 436
(1866) on benevolent uses of wealth from telegraph, 442
death, 482
Woodbury, Levi, and telegraph, ~2~, 71, 187, 244
Woods, Leonard, and Civil War, ~2~, 416
Woolsey, Mary A., engagement, ~1~, 112
Woolsey. T.D., and M. in Italy (1830), ~1~, 338
from M. (1854) on contribution to Yale, ~2~, 321
Wright, C.C., and origin of Academy of Design, ~1~, 280
Wright, Silas, and telegraph, ~2~, 187, 199
refuses vice-presidential nomination over telegraph, 226
Wuerttemberg, medal for M., ~2~, 393
Wyatt, Richard, gift to Academy of Design, ~1~, 384
Wynne, James, anecdotes of Coleridge and Abernethy, ~1~, 96-99

Yale College, M. at, ~1~, 10-23
student's routine (1807), 15
M.'s incidental expenses, 17
"appointments," 26
M.'s gift (1822), 242
(1854), ~2~, 321
daguerreotype of 30th anniversary of Class of 1810, 146
LL.D. for M., 258
M. refuses to attend class reunion (1865), 438-441
Yates, J.C., and M., ~1~, 247
Young, McClintock, and telegraph, ~2~, 227

Zantzinger, L.F., telegraph operator, ~2~, 480

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