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Military Reminiscences of the Civil War V2 by Jacob Dolson Cox

Part 11 out of 12

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at South Mountain

Duke, Basil W., brigadier general Confederate States Army, history
of Morgan raid cited.

Dunham, Robert T., captain and assistant adjutant-general on
General Geo. W. Taylor's staff at Bull Run
bridge,

Dunker Church, on battlefield of Antietam,

Durell, Geo. W., captain battery D Pennsylvania Artillery,
at South Mountain;
at Antietam.

Duryea, Abram, brigadier general United States Volunteers, at
Antietam.

Early, Jubal A., brigadier general Confederate States Army, at
Antietam.

East Tennessee,
plans for Union advance into, Rosecrans';
approved by McClellan;
Frémont's;
ignorance of topography: combination of the two adopted;
fails because separate columns defeated and driven back by Jackson
before concentration effected;
occupation of E. Tennessee urged by Lincoln on all general
officers in the West;
Burnside's plan;
proposes railroad from Danville to;
Chattanooga best base for supplies;
confederate forces in;
map of;
rejoicing of people at Burnside's coming;
terror and indignation when he was ordered to leave and join
Rosecrans;
military operations in;
Sherman's horror of;
importance of holding;
impossibility of supplying army in, by mountain roads;
terrible destruction of draft animals;
privations of army in, during winter of;
almost unanimous re-enlistment, in spite of hardships;
absence of forage;
fearful blizzard;
sufferings of troops;
bitterness of feeling between loyalists and secessionists.

East Tennessee troops,
unwillingness to serve away from home;
discipline lax, courage and devotion unexcelled;
1st Cavalry;
1st Infantry;
6th Infantry;
East Tennessee University, at Knoxville, fortified;

Echols, John C., brigadier general Confederate States Army, pursues
Lightburn down the Kanawha;
supersedes Loring in command of West Virginia forces;
resumes positions abandoned by Loring;
retreats before General Cox;
ordered to make his way from West Virginia into N. W. part of
South Carolina,

Effective Total,
meaning of, in confederate reports;
leads to habitual underestimate of their forces by confederate
commanders.

Elliott, Washington L., colonel 47th Ohio, in
West Virginia;
in E. Tennessee;
at Mossy Creek

Ellsworth Zouaves, equal in drill to West Point cadets,

Emancipation Proclamation, how received in McClellan's army.

Enyart, David A., lieutenant colonel 1st Kentucky,
routs confederate militia at Boone courthouse, West Virginia;
crosses Kanawha, scales cliffs and helps capture Cotton Mountain

Episcopal Clergy, at Richmond,
ordered by Stanton to pray for the President of the U. S.

Evans, N. G., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
in Maryland campaign;
at Antietam.

Ewell, Benj. S., colonel Confederate States Army,
on Johnston's staff;
sent to Richmond to explain Johnston's position;
reports to Johnston.

Ewell, R. S., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
division of, at Antietam,

Ewing, Hugh, colonel 30th Ohio,
in Kanawha Division;
reports to Pope at Warrenton, Virginia;
at South Mountain

Executive Power,
exercised in spite of adverse judicial decisions,

Ezra Church, battle of,

Fairchild, Harrison S., colonel 89th New York,
at South Mountain; at Antietam.

Fayette courthouse, West Virginia,
advanced post;
Union troops.

Ferrero, Edw., colonel 51st New York,
at South Mountain;
at Antietam;
in E. Tennessee;
at Ft. Sanders.

Field Intrenchments,
development of;
facility in making;
costliness of assaulting;
at New Hope Church;
at Cold Harbor; at Ezra Church;
confederate troops refuse to assault breastworks;
at Kinston.

Fitch, E. P.,
quartermaster on General Cox's staff;
arrives at Alexandria with trains and baggage of Kanawha Division;
at Antietam; chief quartermaster District of West Virginia

Flat-top Mountain, West Virginia,
barrier to approach from S. W. Virginia;
advance of Kanawha Division to;
key point for movement to S. West Virginia;
description of;
abandoned by U. S. troops.

Floyd, John B.,
unites with Wise to drive Union forces out of Kanawha valley;
surprises and routs 7th Ohio at Cross Lanes;
mysterious inaction thereafter;
defeated at Carnifex Ferry;
differences with Wise;
marches to Fayette courthouse;
and occupies Cotton Mountain, from which he shells Gauley Bridge;
driven off the Mountain by General Cox;
escapes capture by reason of Benham's inactivity;
indirectly commends General Cox's administration of Kanawha
District.

Foraging,
easily degenerates into pillaging and arson;
Blair and Howard recommend its prohibition;
Sherman promises to stop it after reaching North Carolina;
vigorous measures of General Cox to repress;
country near Raleigh stripped bare by Slocum's "bummers".

Force, Manning F.,
lieutenant colonel 20th Ohio;
brig, general, married sister of General Pope's wife.

Foreign Intervention, threatened. 485.

Forrest, Nathan B., brigadier general cavalry Confederate States
Army,
captures Col. Bloodgood's command near Nashville;
compared with Morgan;
successful handling of mounted troops;
Mower promoted for reputed defeat of;
ordered to join Hood, captures Athens, repulsed at Pulaski;
ordered to raid Western Tennessee;
causes panic and destruction of three steamboats and stores at
Johnsonville;
joins Hood at Florence;
covers Hood's turning movement east of Columbia;
attacks at Spring Hill;
absence seriously felt by Hood at battle of Nashville;
commands rearguard on Hood's retreat;
at Okolona.

Forts,
masonry and earthworks discussed.

Ft. Anderson, Cape Fear River,
attacked by "Montauk" and gunboats;
captured by General Cox.

Ft. Fisher,
captured by General Terry;
where described.

Ft. Sanders, Knoxville, E. Tennessee,
named after General W. P. Sanders;
described;
assault on, by Longstreet's forces, repulsed.

Ft. Sumter,
bombardment announced in Ohio Senate;
occasions popular uprising, without distinction of party;
flag raised again by Anderson.

Foster, Abby Kelley,
shouts "Glory to God" when bombardment of Sumter announced.

Foster, John G.,
appointed major general United States Volunteers;
succeeds Burnside in E. Tennessee;
assigns General Cox to command 23d army corps;
Sturgis to cavalry corps;
demonstrates to Grant impossibility of winter campaign;
disabled by fall of horse;
gives veteran furlough to several regiments;
concentrates at Knoxville;
sends horses and mules to pasture in Kentucky;
permanent winter quarters;
retires from command on account of ill health;
again explains to Grant, at Nashville, impossibility of winter
campaign in E. Tennessee.

Foster, John W. colonel United States Volunteers,
operations in E. Tennessee;
at Mossy Creek

Fourth U. S. Artillery, battery B,
at Antietam.

Fox's Gap, in South Mountain,
captured by Kanawha Division under General Cox.

Franklin, battle of,
undeceives Thomas as to Hood's intentions;
where described.

Franklin, F. E., major 37th Ohio,
at Princeton, West Virginia

Franklin, Wm. B., major general United States Volunteers,
ordered to join Pope;
slow in moving;
assigned position near Alexandria;
relieved on charges preferred by Pope;
reinstated at McClellan's request;
with 6th army corps, held in reserve, at Antietam.

Frazer, John W., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
captured with 2500 men by Burnside at Cumberland Gap.

Frederick, Maryland,
confederate army concentrates near;
evacuated by;
a loyal city;
demonstration on arrival of Union troops;
grand army encamped near.

Frémont, John C., major general United States Volunteers,
commands Mountain Department;
appointment on political grounds;
plan for advance on E. Tennessee;
modifies it on Rosecrans' suggestion;
separate columns defeated before concentration effected;
relieved of command;
not again assigned to duty.

French, Samuel G., major general Confederate States Army,
joins Johnston's army at Kingston, Georgia

French, W. H.,
captain and commissary on Burnside's staff.

French, Wm. H., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam.

French's Mill, West Virginia,
operations near.

Frietchie, Barbara,
a fictitious character.

Frink, Chas. S.,
surgeon major, General Cox's division;
treats General Cox for illness due to exposure after battle of
Nashville.

Frizell, Jos. W.,
lieutenant colonel 11th Ohio;
traps confederate cavalry near Hawk's Nest, West Virginia

Fry, Jas. B., colonel and assistant adjutant-general U. S. A.,
on Lincoln's reasons for certain military appointments;
provost-marshal-general at Washington;
ably administers draft laws.

Furnace,
for tent, field construction.

Gallup, Geo. W., lieutenant colonel 14th Kentucky commanding brigade
in 23d army corps,
at Johnsonville, Tennessee

Garfield, Jas. A.,
in Ohio Senate;
resolves to enter army;
defeated in election for colonel of 7th Ohio;
appointed colonel of 42nd Ohio;
in Big Sandy valley;
Rosecrans' chief of staff;
sums up answers of general officers and urges Rosecrans to
advance;
influence of his report;
sent to Washington with Rosecrans' report after battle of
Chickamauga;
questioned by Stanton;
tells General Cox the story of Chickamauga;
leaves army to enter Congress;
chairman of commission on military affairs;
regard for Rosecrans;
letter to Chase about R.'s inaction at Murfreesborough;
defended;
entertains General Cox in Washington;
draws out his guests.

Garland, Samuel, Jr., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
killed at South Mountain

Garnett, Robt. S., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Beverly, West Virginia;
retreats after battle of Rich Mountain;
killed near Carrick's Ford;
lacking in enterprise.

Garrard, Israel, colonel cavalry United States Volunteers,
in East Tennessee;
at Decatur and Stone Mountain, Georgia

Garrard, Kenner, brig, general,
commanding cavalry division in McPherson's army;
movement on Rome;
reports confederate cavalry at Kennesaw superior in numbers;
destroys Georgia RAILROAD east of Atlanta;
in pursuit of Hood.

Garrett, John W., President B. and Official Records R. Co.,
suggests dictatorship of McClellan.

Gauley Bridge, West Virginia,
key point of Kanawha valley;
captured by General Cox with 1500 stand of arms and munitions of
war;
importance of position;
map of;
how fortified;
Rosecrans' headquarters;
cannonaded from Cotton Mountain by Floyd;
bridge reconstructed;
burned on Lightburn's retreat;
supplies forwarded to, by batteaux on upper Kanawha;
Lightburn's abandonment of, criticised;
reoccupied by General Cox.

Geary, John W., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Wauhatchie;
assaults Rocky Face, at Dug Gap, repulsed with loss.

Georgia,
map of northern.

Gibbon, John, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
high opinion of volunteers;
deficient knowledge of military history;
at South Mountain;
at Antietam.

Gibbs, Ira B.,
lieutenant and com's'y on General Cox's staff;
shoots Serg. Joyce of 2nd Kentucky for refusing to obey orders;
courtmartialed and acquitted;
excused from attending execution of a mutineer.

Gibson, Horatio G., captain 2nd Ohio Artillery,
at South Mountain

Giddings, Hon. Joshua R., consul general at Montreal,
makes light of plot to releases confederate prisoners.

Gilbert, Samuel A., colonel 44th Ohio,
in second Kanawha campaign;
marches his brigade 60 miles in 52 hours, in E. Tennessee

Gillmore, Quincy A.,
brigadier general commanding District of Kentucky;
resists Pegram's raid and drives him out of Kentucky

Gilmer, Jeremy F., major general Confederate States Army, Davis'
Chief of Engineers,
sent to advise with Beauregard.

Gilmer, John A.,
one of Governor Vance's peace commanders.

Goldsborough, North Carolina,
place of meeting of Sherman's and Schofield's armies.

Goodrich, E. R.,
lieutenant colonel, and chief comm's'y on Burnside's staff.

Goodrich, Wm. B.,
colonel commanding brigade in Greene's division at battle of
Antietam;
killed at Antietam.

Gordon, Geo. H., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam.

Graham, Milton,
lieutenant colonel 11th Kentucky Cavalry

Graham, Wm. A., ex-Governor of North Carolina,
heads Vance's peace delegation;
candidate for Vice President on ticket with Scott;
mentioned.

Granger, Gordon,
captain and mustering officer at Camp Dennison;
states reasons why theoretical knowledge of regular army officers
so small;
appointed major general United States Volunteers;
at Chickamauga;
sent to relief of Knoxville;
dissatisfaction of Grant and Sherman;
in E. Tennessee;
at Dandridge.

Granger, Robt. S., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
sent to reinforce Col. Doolittle at Decatur;
posted at Stevenson;
suffers pontoon bridge to fall into hands of Hood;
ordered to Decatur again.

Grant, U. S., major general United States Volunteers,
high opinion of volunteers;
accepts emancipation policy as best;
policy of attrition;
captures Vicksburg;
"copious worker and fighter, but a very meagre writer";
growing faith of administration in;
in command of Division of the Mississippi;
approves substitution of Thomas for Rosecrans;
reticent and averse to controversy;
hears in silence and decides;
good story about Washington;
at Chattanooga;
culmination of good fortune;
sends Granger and Sherman to relief of Knoxville;
characteristics;
visits army in E. Tennessee;
reticence;
riding-school story;
sees for himself condition of troops and mountain roads;
reports destitution and impracticability of supplying army by
mountain roads;
correspondence with General Foster;
asks promotion of Sherman, McPherson, and W. F. Smith;
embarrassments about cipher dispatches;
objects to Stoneman;
correspondence with Schofield;
appointed lieutenant general and goes to Washington;
scatters army at Chattanooga, to secure supplies and forage;
puts Sherman in charge of Western armies and assumes command in
Virginia;
plans simultaneous advance of eastern and western armies;
slow to learn unprofitableness of assaulting intrenched positions;
on appointments of brigadiers in Sherman's army;
confidence in McPherson; secures his rapid promotion;
dissatisfied with Thomas;
reasons for his feeling;
favors winter campaigns by Sherman and Thomas;
plans advance on Selma and Mobile;
orders Schofield and 23d corps sent to Washington;
praises Sherman's readiness for further operations;
sends Schofield to carry out new plan of campaign in North
Carolina;
unselfish attitude toward Sherman;
relieves Butler and opposes his further assignment to command;
receives confederate peace commanders at his headquarters;
congratulates Sherman;
outlines his own plans;
prevents Lee's union with Johnston;
recommends Schofield's appointment as brigadier in regular army
and permanent assignment of Cox and Terry to corps commands;
brings administration's disapproval of Sherman-Johnston convention
to Sherman;
considerate treatment of Sherman;
returns to Washington;
condemns injustice to Sherman;
smooths away causes of Sherman's irritation.

"Grape Vine Telegraph,"

Great Smoky Mountains,
picturesque character of.

Greene, Geo. S., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam;
in 20th Corps and on court-martial at Washington;
goes to North Carolina, with General Cox and volunteers as staff
officer at Kinston;
commands provisional division of returning officers and men
belonging to Sherman's army.

Grigsby, A. J., colonel commanding Winder's brigade, Jackson's
division,
at Antietam.

Guerillas, in West Virginia,
annoyance by and suppression of.

Guilford-Old-Court-House, North Carolina,
and battlefield visited.

Gunn, W. A.,
locates line for railway from Danville to E. Tennessee

Guthrie, J. V., colonel 1st Kentucky,
correspondence with General Cox, App. Army;
in West Virginia

Guyandotte, West Virginia,
taken by 2nd Kentucky;
occupied.

Habeas Corpus, writ of,
used to release minors enlisting without parents' consent;
U. S. officers directed not to recognize, unless issued by U. S.
Courts.

Hagood, Johnson, brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Ft. Anderson, N. C;
routed at Town Creek by General Cox, losing two cannon and 400
prisoners;
repulsed at Kinston.

Halleck, Henry W.,
commands Western Department;
authorizes Pope to send for General Cox's Kanawha Division;
commits defence of Washington to McClellan;
sacrifices Pope;
owed his appointment as commander in chief largely to Pope;
expected to take command in the field;
but does not, and remains bureau officer until close of war;
responsible in part for McClellan's slow pursuit of Lee in
Maryland;
sends McClellan peremptory orders to advance after Antietam;
persistently favors regular army officers over volunteers;
directs Burnside to advance into E. Tennessee;
correspondence with Burnside shows forgetfulness and lack of
appreciation;
inconsistency between official and private letters to Rosecrans;
fails to understand distances and difficulties of transportation
in E. Tennessee;
indecision of character;
wrong interpretation of Burnside's reports and action;
thinks personal presence of Grant with Army of Potomac
indispensable;
criticises Meade;
friendly relations with Sherman;
correspondence with;
on enormous waste of cavalry horses;
tells Sherman he is accused of hostility to the blacks;
assigned to command Department of Virginia;
orders Meade to pay no attention to Sherman's truce;
forfeits Sherman's life-long friendship by his orders and
dispatches after Sherman-Johnston convention;
goes to Pacific coast at close of war and dies soon after;
disclaims personal hostility to Sherman;
explanation of his attitude;
notes complete submission to U. S. authority at Richmond.

Hamilton, Schuyler,
appointed major general United States Volunteers;
resigns.

Hammond, John W.,
lieutenant colonel 65th Indiana at battle of Nashville.

Hampton, Wade, brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at the Monocacy;
at South Mountain;
appointed lieutenant general to outrank Wheeler;
opposed to Vance's peace negotiations;
retires from Raleigh;
arranges for interview bet. Johnston and Sherman;
refuses to be included in Johnston's capitulation.

Hancock, Winfield S., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam;
sent from 6th Corps to command Richardson's division 2nd Corps;
classmate of McClellan.

Hanson, Chas. S., lieutenant colonel 20th Kentucky,
captured at Lebanon, Kentucky

Hardee, Wm. J.,
lieutenant general Confederate States Army;
succeeds Bragg in temporary command Army of Georgia;
declines permanent command;
quoted by Davis;
sent to reinforce Polk;
forces increased;
at Dallas;
at battle of Atlanta;
controversy with Hood;
at Jonesboro;
impeaches Hood's statement of his losses;
transferred to Savannah;
evacuates Charleston;
rumored junction with Bragg;
fails to reach Wilmington;
forces of;
low estimate contradicted by official reports;
reports to Bragg at Goldsborough;
at Averasborough;
commands army in absence of Johnston;
arranges details of capitulation with Schofield;
reputation and character of;
end of war only a question of time after first year;
humorous report of General Cox's treatment of old woman asking for
provisions;
reported Salkehatchie swamps impassable when Sherman was marching
through them at rate of 13 miles a day;
determines to go abroad for a time.

Hardie, Jas. A.,
colonel United States Volunteers and inspector general

Harker, Chas. G., commanding brig, in Newton's division 4th army
corps,
at Rocky Face;
relieves Hanson's brigade at Resaca;
wounded at Resaca.

Harland, Edw., colonel 8th Conn.,
at South Mountain;
at Antietam;
commanding brigade in Palmer's division at Kinston.

Harper's Ferry,
attacked by Jackson;
and taken;
A. P. Hill left in charge of.

Harrison, Benj., colonel 70th Indiana,
detailed to stump State of Indiana in 1864.

Hartranft, John F., colonel 51st Pennsylvania,
at Antietam;
in E. Tennessee;
repulses McLaws at Campbell's Station

Hartsuff, Geo. L.,
captain and assistant adjutant-general on Rosecrans' staff;
appointed brigadier general, wounded at Antietam and appointed
major general;
assigned to command 23d army corps;
sent to arrange plans with Rosecrans for simultaneous advance;
commands District of Kentucky;
directed to capture Morgan raiders;
disabled by old wounds;
attends to office business at Knoxville;
decides to retire;
inspector general on Schofield's staff, in charge of paroling
Johnston's army;
telegraphs "Johnston's army dissolving and raising the devil".

Harvie, Edwin J.,
inspector general on General Johnston's staff.

Hascall, Milo S.,
commands District of Indiana;
removed on Governor Morton's application;
commands 3rd division 23d army corps;
in E. Tennessee;
transferred to 2nd division same;
near New Hope Church;
distinguished services throughout campaign, never recognized;
not favored by Governor Morton;
at Kolb's farm;
moves to Cox's position south of Olley's Creek;
at Decatur, Georgia;
resigns on account of Governor Morton's hostility and Hovey's
promotion over him.

Hatch, John P., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
calls for three cheers from Pope's army on learning that McClellan
was in command again;
Pope's dissatisfaction with;
takes position on Cox's left in defences of Washington.

Haupt, Herman, colonel and military superintendent of railways,
at Alexandria, Virginia,

Hawley, Jos. R., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commands coast District of North Carolina

Hayes, Rutherford B., lieutenant colonel 23d Ohio,
Judge Adv. at trial of Gibbs;
at Princeton, West Virginia;
criticised by General Reno;
charge of pillaging brought out in Presidential campaign;
wounded at South Mountain;
letter in regard to discipline of Kanawaha Division

Hazen, Wm. B., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Chattanooga;
ordered in arrest by Sheridan at Dandridge;
good qualities and faults of;
released on mediation of General Cox.

Heintzelman, Samuel P., major general United States Volunteers,
temporarily commanding Franklin's corps.

Henderson, Thos. J., colonel 112th Ill., commanding brig, in Cox's
division 23d army corps,
absence on account of illness;
brevet brigadier general;
in advance up right bank Cape Fear River

Heth, Henry, brigadier general Confederate States Army,
in West Virginia;
at Pearisburg;
at narrows of New River;
French's;
defeated by Crook at Lewisburg, West Virginia

Hill, Ambrose P., major general Confederate States Army,
at Bull Run bridge;
at Harper's Ferry;
at Antietam.

Hill, Benj. H.,
goes to Richmond to ask that Johnston be reinforced;
correspondence with Seddon;
visits Union army to obtain body of son and confer with Sherman.

Hill, Chas. W., brigadier general Ohio Valley Infantry,
in West Virginia

Hill, Daniel H., major general Confederate States Army,
left to guard Richmond;
rearguard in Maryland;
at South Mountain;
at Antietam;
commanding at Augusta, Georgia, ordered to join Johnston in North
Carolina;
reports to Bragg at Kinston;
captures many prisoners from Upham's brigade;
attack on hastily intrenched line repulsed;
forces of, at Kinston.

Hines, Jonathan D., major 12th Ohio,
in charge of scouts in W, Virginia;
on reconnoitring expeditions;
in charge of sentinels in rear on retreat from Big Sewell Mountain

Hines, Thos. H.,
captain cavalry in Morgan's raid.

Hitchcock, Ethan A., major general United States Volunteers,
chairman committee to revise Articles of War, and army
regulations.

Hitchcock, Henry, major and assistant adjutant-general on General
Sherman's staff,
carries "Memorandum" between Sherman and Johnston to Washington;
brings back disapproval--and Grant.

Hobson, Edw. H., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
in Morgan raid.

Hoffman, Wm.,
colonel and comm's'y of prisoners at Washington.

Hofmann, J. Wm., lieutenant colonel 56th Pennsylvania,
succeeds to command of brigade, at Antietam.

Hoke, Robt. F., major general Confederate States Army,
at Federal Point, North Carolina;
retreats when General Cox threatens Wilmington;
opposes advance of General Cox at Kinston;
routs Upham's brigade of new troops;
repulsed by Carter;
repulsed again with heavy loss;
offer to exchange prisoners declined.

Holden, Wm. W., leader of Union element in North Carolina,
joins Graham's peace delegation,
mentioned.

Holmes, Wm. W., major, surgeon 12th Ohio,
brigadier surgeon on General Cox's staff;
dies of consumption.

Holmes Co., Ohio,
armed resistance to draft.

Hood, John B., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at South Mountain;
at Antietam;
mentioned;
rosy picture of condition of Johnston's army;
corps increased;
at Resaca;
at New Hope Church;
repulses Hooker's assault;
attacks advanced brigades of Hooker's and Schofield's corps at
Kolb's farm;
succeeds Johnston, and assumes aggressive;
criticism of Johnston;
involved in disputes with Hardee and Cheatham as well as Johnston;
reputation for accuracy and candor damaged;
appointment gives satisfaction to Union army;
unsuccessful attacks on Union forces at Peachtree Creek;
Atlanta;
Ezra Church;
at Jonesboro;
evacuates Atlanta;
reports refusal of his army to attack intrenched positions;
forces of, Aug. 1st;
Sept. 20th;
absurd minimizing of his losses in battle;
depression in his army;
changes his subordinate officers;
plans to renew struggle;
recrosses Chattahoochee;
fails to injure Sherman's communications;
futile October campaign;
plans for invasion of Tennessee;
repulsed at Decatur, Alabama;
delays crossing the Tennessee River;
ordered by Beauregard to resume offensive at once;
adopts tactics of skirmishing advance while looking for ways to
turn Schofield's position;
terrible repulse at Franklin, where described;
takes position at Nashville;
at battle of Nashville;
escapes owing to cold rainstorms and impassable roads;
severe losses at Franklin, Nashville, and on retreat;
forces of Jan. 20, 1864;
part of his army present at battle of Kinston, North Carolina;
constitutes bulk of those who capitulated with Johnston.

Hooker, Jos., major general United States Volunteers,
assigned to command Porter's corps;
afterwards, McDowell's;
in pursuit of Lee;
at South Mountain;
Burnside's stinging reply to untrue report of, note;
ordered to extreme right at Antietam;
his march;
at battle of Antietam;
wounded and retires;
sent with two corps to reinforce Rosecrans at Chattanooga;
at Tunnel Hill;
assault on Rocky Face, fails;
at Snake Creek Gap;
at Resaca;
ordered to cross Oostanaula at Newtown;
instead, takes route assigned to Schofield and delays latter;
does same at crossing of Etowah;
assaults confederate lines at New Hope Church repulsed;
movements near;
repulses attack by Hood's corps at Kolb's farm;
reports whole of Johnston's army in his immediate front;
reinforced;
at Peachtree Creek;
offended at Howard's promotion to command Army of Tennessee;
unacceptable to Halleck, retires from active service.

Hopkins, Henry H.,
notorious secessionist in Kanawha valley;
controversy with General Cox over escaped slave.

Hosea, Lewis M.,
captain on General Wilson's staff, adventurous ride through
Georgia and
back to carry dispatches to Sherman.

Hovey, Alvin P., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Dalton;
at Rocky Face;
handling of division not satisfactory to Schofield;
who asks his removal;
Sherman declines to remove;
at Snake Creek Gap;
at Resaca;
hindered by Hooker on march to Cassville;
movements near New Hope Church;
tenders resignation as division commander;
its acceptance recommended by Sherman;
promoted to be major general by brevet, on political grounds;
Sherman's indignation;
honored above other brigadiers in same corps who outranked him and
were rendering distinguished service.

Howard, Oliver O., major general United States Volunteers,
commands 4th army corps;
at Tunnel Hill;
at Rocky Face;
at Dalton;
at Resaca;
comes to support of Cox;
holds position captured by Cox;
crosses at Resaca;
turns confederate right at Pickett's Mill;
at Olley's Creek;
at Peachtree Creek;
commands Army of the Tennessee;
at battle of Ezra Church;
at Jonesboro;
accompanies Sherman's march to the sea;
turns Johnston's left at Bentonville;
on march to Raleigh.

Howe, Albion P., captain 4th U. S. artillery,
in West Virginia

Humes, Rev. Thos. W., S. T. D.,
loyalty and learning;
President of E. Tennessee University;
author of "The Loyal Mountaineers of Tennessee".

Humphreys, Benj. G., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
assaults Ft. Sanders.

Hunter, David, major general United States Volunteers,
sent to inspect army at Chattanooga;
report concerning Grant.

Hurlbut, Stephen A.,
appointed major general

Illinois Troops,
19th Infantry;
65th Infantry;
112th Infantry;
5th Cavalry;
Barker's Cavalry;
Schambeck's Indiana Cavalry

Inactivity in field, evil results of.

Indiana Troops,
6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 13th, 14th, and 15th Infantry;
33rd Infantry;
51st Infantry;
63rd Infantry;
65th Infantry;
70th Infantry;
23d Cavalry

Information of enemy's strength, how gained.

Inspector General, important duties of.

Intemperance in army officers, evils of.

Interference with lines of march of other columns condemned;
illustrations.

Irvine, James, colonel 16th Ohio,
fails to intercept remnant of Garnett's force.

Irwin, Wm. H., colonel 49th Pennsylvania,
commanding brigade at Antietam.

Jackson, Thos. J. ("Stonewall"),
defeated at Kernstown;
defeats Milroy at McDowell;
Banks in Shenandoah valley;
captures Manassas Junction, burns Bull Run bridge;
at Antietam.

Jackson, Wm. H., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
commanding division in Forrest's cavalry

Jenifer, W. H.,
colonel at Princeton, West Virginia

Jenkins, A. G.,
colonel of cavalry under Floyd;
trapped by Frizell at Hawk's Nest;
cavalry raid in West Virginia;
opposed by Cranor;
covers Loring's retreat;
and Echols';
abandons Tyler Mountain;
forces of.

Jenkins, Micah, brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Wauhatchie;
in E. Tennessee

Johnson, Andrew, Mil. Governor of Tennessee,
asks to have E. Tennessee troops returned to their homes;
Governor of Tennessee

Johnson's Island, Sandusky Bay,
military prison;
plot to release confederate prisoners at, defeated;
description of, and surroundings;
treatment of prisoners.

Johnson, Richard W., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
in Tennessee;
at Battle of Nashville.

Johnston, Jos. E., lieutenant general Confederate States Army,
resigns commission in U. S. army;
McClellan's principal opponent;
urged by Longstreet to unite with him near Knoxville;
ordered to assist Polk near Meridian;
prevented from doing either by demonstration of Thomas;
appointed as successor to Bragg;
expected to assume aggressive;
objects;
prolonged discussion;
lack of enterprise;
bent on defensive campaign;
demands reinforcements;
unsatisfactory relations with Davis;
forces opposed to Sherman;
skilful avoidance of battle in the open;
fails to anticipate McPherson's move;
fortifies Resaca, abandons Dalton;
evacuates Resaca;
careful defensive;
decides to give battle near Adairsville;
concludes not to;
retreats to Kingston and Cassville;
issues orders to join battle at Cassville;
revokes them on statements of Hood and Polk that Union left
(General Cox) enfiladed their position;
retreats across the Etowah;
abandons New Hope lines;
lets go Pine Mountain;
withdraws left flank behind Mud Creek;
abandons lines about Marietta;
retires behind Chattahoochee;
relations with confederate administration reach a crisis;
gives Davis no encouragement that he will hold Atlanta or attack
enemy;
had he revealed his plans would have been retained;
demands that Hood be courtmartialed;
removal equivalent to a Union victory;
attacks at Peachtree Creek and Atlanta made in accordance with his
plans;
underestimate of his forces;
assumes command in the Carolinas;
forces at his disposal;
foresees importance of checking Schofield's advance;
orders Bragg to strike at General Cox;
attacks Slocum at Bentonville;
repulsed;
losses at Averasborough and Bentonville;
at Raleigh;
requests armistice;
confers with Davis;
declares further prosecution of war hopeless;
sends dispatch to Sherman requesting conference;
distress when advised of Lincoln's assassination;
admits slavery is dead;
will surrender all armies east of Mississippi;
notified of termination of truce;
signs capitulation on terms granted to Lee;
form of parole;
asks for loan of confederate animals and enough arms to enforce
discipline;
capitulation includes all east of Chattahoochee River;
reply to Sherman's farewell letter;
orders to Hampton;
sends Hardee to confer with Schofield about details;
meets Schofield and Cox;
unable to approximate number of troops to be paroled;
praises Sherman and his army;
"no such army since days of Julius Cassar";
gives up struggle without bitterness;
denounces assassination of Lincoln;
scrupulous integrity illustrated;
moves southward with his troops.

Jomini,
importance of his books to theoretical training of an officer.

Jones, David R., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at South Mountain;
at Antietam.

Jones, John R., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Antietam.

Jones, Samuel, major general Confederate States Army,
commanding in E. Tennessee;
forces of;
retreats and burns bridges;
resumes the aggressive;
driven out of E. Tennessee

Judah, Henry M., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding division in 23d army corps;
on Morgan raid;
at Dalton;
at Rocky Face;
near Resaca;
on march to Cassville;
hindered by Hooker;
relieved.

Kanawha Division,
training of;
marching powers;
hardiness and self-reliance;
composition of;
marches 90 miles over rough mountain roads in 3-1/2 days;
transferred to Washington;
train of, supplies 9th army corps with rations;
two regiments report to Pope at Warrenton;
two resist Jackson at Bull Run bridge;
rest occupy defences about Washington;
united again;
temporarily attached to 9th Corps;
takes advance from Washington to South Mountain;
reviewed and praised by General Reno;
wrongly accused of straggling and pillaging;
at the Monocacy;
captures Fox's Gap and turns confederate position at South
Mountain;
opposed to more than double its number;
fine conduct of;
losses at South Mountain;
captures 600 prisoners;
on march to Antietam;
divided just before battle of Antietam;
at Antietam;
ordered to Clarksburg, West Virginia;
leaves Army of the Potomac.

Kanawha River,
course and character of;
advance of General Cox up;
impracticability of invading E. Virginia by this line;
unpublished letters and dispatches relating to campaign in;
abandoned by Lightburn;
annexed to Department of the Ohio;
recovered and occupied by General Cox.

Kautz, August V., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
pursues Morgan raiders.

Kearney, Philip, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
killed at Chantilly.

Keith, F. M., major 117th Ohio,
defends Hamilton, Ohio, against Morgan raiders.

Kelley, B. F.,
colonel 1st West Virginia;
takes Philippi, West Virginia;
character and services of;
under McClellan;
commands upper Potomac;
guards B. & Official Records R.

Kelley, Wm., jailer at Charleston, West Virginia,
denounced.

Kennedy, Robt. P.,
lieutenant and assistant adjutant-general on Scammon's staff.

Kentucky Troops,
1st Infantry;
2nd Infantry;
threatened mutiny;
mentioned;
14th Infantry;
16th Infantry;
20th Infantry;
24th Infantry;
5th Cavalry;
9th Cavalry;
11th Cavalry;
Simmonds' battery in West Virginia;
attached to Kanawha division;
at South Mountain;
at Antietam.

Ketchum, Edgar, lieutenant signal corps U. S. A.,
at Cape Fear River

Key, Thos. M.,
Democratic leader in Ohio Senate;
thought people gone stark mad;
supports war measures;
aide-de-camp on McClellan's staff;
satisfied slavery ought to be abolished;
influence over McClellan.

Kilpatrick, Judson, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding cavalry at Resaca;
covers Union left at Bentonville;
on march to Raleigh;
clatters through Raleigh;
thinks Johnston not to be trusted;
furnishes escort for Sherman on way to meet Johnston;
attached to Schofield's command.

Kimball, Nathan, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding division in 4th army corps;
displaced by assignment of Couch to the corps.

Kinglake's Crimean War,
published in 1863;
read with interest by General Cox;
inspires him with hope and confidence in Union army.

Kingsbury, Henry W., colonel 11th Conn.,
at Antietam;
killed at Burnside bridge.

Kinston, North Carolina,
situation of;
field works before;
battles of;
confederate ironclad in Neuse River destroyed;
map of vicinity;
occupied by Union forces;
base of supplies.

Knights of the Golden Circle.

Knoxville, E. Tennessee,
situation and fortifications;
invested by Longstreet.

Kolb's (Culp's) Farm,
battle of.

Kountz, W. J.,
captain in charge of water transportation on Kanawha.

La Grange, Oscar H., colonel 1st Wisc. Cavalry,
at Sevierville, E. Tennessee;
captured by Wheeler at Dalton.

Lane, P. P., captain in 11th Ohio,
bridges Elk River at Charleston, West Virginia;
manages ferries across Kanawha, improvises ferryboats, etc.;
later colonel of regiment.

Laurel Mountain,
fortified and held by Garnett.

Lawton, Alex. R., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at Antietam;
wounded.

Leavitt, Humphrey H., Judge U. S. District Court. Cincinnati,
hears Vallandigham _habeas corpus_ case and refuses writ;
good effects of his decision;
issues writs of _habeas corpus_ for release of minors enlisting
without parents' consent.

Lee, FitzHugh, brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at South Mountain

Lee, Robt. E.,
resigns commission in U. S. Army;
appointed major general and commander in chief of Virginia forces;
plans invasion of West Virginia;
arrives at Lewisburg, West Virginia, and takes command of army;
at Big Sewell Mountain;
retires to Meadow Bluff;
admits quieting effect of Cox's administration in Kanawha valley;
moves into Maryland;
accurate information as to Cox's transfer to Washington;
unites with Jackson;
concentrates near Frederick, Maryland;
copy of orders for Maryland campaign falls into McClellan's hands;
escapes disaster by McClellan's slowness;
withdraws to Sharpsburg;
plans with reference to McClellan's lack of aggressiveness;
force greatly inferior to McClellan's for two days before battle;
enabled to concentrate whole army except one division;
left wing almost destroyed at Antietam;
had no better success than western generals when opposed to Grant;
orders Loring to clear Kanawha valley;
learned that General Cox was ordered to return to Kanawha valley
within three days after order was issued;
defeated at Gettysburg;
suggests Beauregard as successor to Bragg;
declines to assume command of Bragg's army;
deference and cordiality in dealings with confederate
administration;
urges union of Johnston and Longstreet and aggressive campaign;
becomes as cautiously defensive as Johnston;
general in chief of Confederate States Army;
sees net closing around him;
too weak to extend lines at Petersburg;
unable to unite with Johnston;
surrender reported to Davis and Johnston.

Lee, S. D., lieutenant general Confederate States Army,
in Department of the Mississippi;
at Jonesboro;
ordered to Atlanta;
commands Hood's old corps;
at Flint River;
at Columbia;
wounded at Nashville, turns command over to D. H. Hill.

Lee, Samuel P., rear admiral U. S. N.,
in command of river fleets co-operating with Thomas;
transports A. J. Smith's corps to Eastport.

Letcher, John, Governor of Virginia,
proclaims secession of State, transfers Virginia troops to
Confederate States Army.

Liberty of speech,
abused by Vallandigham and followers.

Lightburn, Jos. A. J., colonel 4th West Virginia;
character of;
protects line of supplies, Kanawha division;
suppresses guerillas;
left in command of Kanawha district, when General Cox was
transferred to Washington;
Lee learns forces of;
destroys stores and bridges, and retreats down valley;
retreat panicky and unnecessary;
advances up valley under General Cox;
relieved of command of division.

Lincoln, Abraham, President of U. S.,
restores McClellan to command;
embarrassed by dissensions of officers;
grants all of McClellan's requests;
distrusted by his party;
Emancipation Proclamation;
visits battlefield of Antietam;
urges McClellan to follow up his success;
military sagacity;
exceeds authority in appointing major and brig, generals;
proclamation against treasonable practices;
commutes Vallandigham's sentence;
practically revokes his own proclamation and Burnside's order No.
38;
ardent wish to relieve loyal E. Tenneseeans;
quaint description of Grant;
congratulates Burnside;
authorizes him to hold E. Tennessee;
anxious about B.'s safety;
approves B.'s conduct in E. Tennessee;
makes promotions on political grounds;
congratulates Sherman;
popular estimate of, better than politicians';
policy as to confederate States on submission announced to and
followed by Sherman;
authorizes Virginia legislature to assemble;
recalls permission;
policy opposed and criticised by Stanton;
funeral cortége photographed, in New York City Hall;
in Richmond, when Stanton orders prayers for the President of the
U. S. to be read in churches.

Logan, John A., major general United States Volunteers,
at Huntsville, Alabama;
commands 15th army corps;
sent to Illinois to stump State;
why not promoted to command Army of the Tennessee;
praised by Sherman for his handling of that army at battle of
Atlanta.

Long, Eli, colonel 4th Ohio Cavalry,
on relief expedition to Knoxville,

Longstreet, James, major general Confederate States Army,
unites with Jackson against Pope;
at Boonsboro, Maryland;
at South Mountain;
withdraws to Sharpsburg;
at Antietam;
no more successful than western generals when transferred to the
West;
sent to reinforce Bragg;
at Chickamauga;
moves on Knoxville;
invests city;
assaults Ft. Sanders;
repulsed;
raises siege and retires toward Virginia;
at Rutledge, E. Tennessee;
at Morristown;
lack of clothing and supplies;
attacks Union forces at Dandridge;
admits defeat at Sevierville;
plans of campaign;
forces, opposed to Schofield;
ordered to rejoin Lee's army;
later to join Johnston;
again to report to Lee.

Loomis, Cyrus O., colonel 1st Mich, Artillery in West Virginia

Loring, Wm. W.,
brigadier general Confederate States Army, in West Virginia;
reinforces Lee;
sent to Stanton;
commanding all West Virginia forces;
ordered to push things in West Virginia;
attacks Siber, and is repulsed;
drives Lightburn out of Kanawha valley;
retreats on arrival of General Cox;
relieved from command;
forces of.

Love, John, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
defends Vernon, Indiana, against Morgan raiders.

Lowe, John W., colonel 12th Ohio,
at Scary Creek, West Virginia;
killed at Carnifex Ferry.

Lowe, Wm. W., colonel 5th Indiana commanding 3rd Cavalry Division,
protects railway in rear of Sherman's advance.

Lyons, Lord, British Ambassador,
reports plot to release confederate prisoners;

Lytle, Wm. H., colonel 10th Ohio;
wounded at Carnifex Ferry.

McArthur, John, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at battle of Nashville.

McCallum, Dan'l C., superintendent of transportation,
inspects Nashville and Chattanooga railroad;
suggests needed improvements.

McClellan, Geo. B.,
consulted by Governor Dennison;
personal appearance;
appointed major general Ohio Valley Infantry;
inspects Ohio State arsenal;
selects site for Camp Dennison;
takes General Cox's regiments to West Virginia;
appointed major general in regular army;
victory at Philippi credited to;
moves against Garnett;
Pegram surrenders to;
appointed commander Army of the Potomac;
rhetorical dispatches contrasted with personal demeanor;
characteristic faults shown in first campaign;
relieved from command of all other forces except Army of Potomac;
at Alexandria, Virginia;
greets General Cox cordially, explains importance of his duties;
discusses Peninsular campaign;
dress and popular bearing;
in command again;
cheered by Pope's army;
habitual overestimate of Lee's army;
victim or accomplice of secret service;
false estimates fatal to success;
predicted Pope's defeat;
responsible for delay in Franklin's movement;
Porter and Franklin reassigned to their commands and McDowell
relieved at his request;
plenary powers;
slow advance in pursuit of Lee;
secures copy of Lee's orders;
loses his advantage by delay;
at South Mountain;
breaks up organization of his army on eve of battle;
examines battlefield under fire;
does not appreciate importance of time;
personally selects positions for different divisions;
plan of battle at Antietam;
dilatory habits and orders responsible for failure to crush Lee;
no co-ordination of corps movements;
orders Burnside to attack;
unjust criticism of 9th Corps advance;
fails to support 9th Corps when attacked by fresh troops from
Harper's Ferry;
talks with General Cox;
politics;
consults his officers about emancipation proclamation;
issues General Order No. 163;
tempted to assume dictatorship;
chafes at Lincoln's suggestion to follow up victory;
defeats Lincoln's plans without openly antagonizing;
compared to Marshal Daun;
weakened morale of army;
removed from command;
"Own Story" exposes his weakness;
confidential relations with Burnside;
favoritism toward Porter;
jealous of Burnside;
unjust reprimand of B. in unsigned dispatch;
effect of reprimand on their relations;
not assigned to duty again;
superior to any other commander of Army of Potomac until Grant
came.

McCook, Alex. McD.,
inspector and mustering officer at Camp Jackson;
colonel 1st Ohio Inf;
opinion on expediency of Rosecrans' advance.

McCook, Daniel, major and paymaster U. S. A.,
mortally wounded in fight with Morgan raiders.

McCook, Edw. M., brigadier general U. S. Cavalry,
at Sevierville, E. Tennessee;
rejoins Thomas;
covers left flank at Varnell's;
defeated by Wheeler;
useful scouting in Atlanta campaign.

McCook, Robt., colonel 9th Ohio;
at Carnifex Ferry;
Cross Lanes;
character of;
brigade attached to Cox's command;
"Battle of Bonticou";
at Gauley Bridge;
advance on Fayette courthouse

McCoy, James C., major and aide-de-camp on Sherman's staff,
opens communication with Johnston.

McDowell, Irvin, major general United States Volunteers,
maps country about Washington;
disliked by McClellan;
under McC.'s orders at Washington;
absence from his command before second battle of Bull Run,
disarranges Pope's plans;
relieved at McClellan's request;
requests Court of Inquiry;
unscrupulously maligned;
ordered before a courtmartial.

McElroy, Jas. N.,
captain and assistant adjutant-general on General Cox's staff;
appointed major 20th Ohio;
lieutenant colonel, returns to duty on General Cox's staff as
inspector general.

McLaws, Lafayette,
major general Confederate States Army;
at Antietam;
in E. Tennessee;
commands troops on evacuation of Charleston.

McLean, N. H.,
major and assistant adjutant-general at Cincinnati;
accused of disloyalty and sent to Pacific coast;
Burnside's protest.

McMullin, Jas. R., captain 1st Ohio Battalion;
attached to Kanawha division;
at South Mountain

McPherson, Jas. B.,
appointed major general United States Volunteers;
assigned to command Army of the Tennessee;
Sherman's right before Dalton;
goes through Snake Creek Gap, without opposition;
fails to take Resaca, or break railroad;
captures position commanding railroad bridge at Resaca, and
compels its evacuation;
march to Kingston;
crosses the Etowah;
moves on Dallas;
repels fierce assault;
swings over to Ackworth;
seeks to interpose between Marietta and the Chattahoochee;
moves to Roswell and crosses Chattahoochee;
attacked on front and left flank at Atlanta;
death of, a great loss to army and personal loss to Sherman;
affability and high character.

McQuiston, John C., colonel 50th Ohio,
commanding brig, in Ruger's div, 23d army corps at Kinston;
captures 300 prisoners.

McRae, D. K., colonel 5th North Carolina,
at South Mountain;
at Antietam.

Mackall, W. W., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
chief of staff to Bragg and Johnston;
removed from that position by Hood.

Magilton, Albert L., colonel 4th Pennsylvania res.
commanding brigade at Antietam.

Magrath, A. G., Governor of South Carolina,
says fate of confederate involved in Sherman's march from
Savannah;
mentioned.

Mahone, Wm., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
at South Mountain

Mallory, S. R., Secretary of Navy in Davis' cabinet,
writes letter sent by Johnston to Sherman inviting conference;
at last cabinet meeting;
reaches his home after capitulation.

Malloy, A. G., colonel 17th Wisc,
commanding brigade in Carter's division at Kinston.

Mansfield, Jos. K. F., major general United States Volunteers,
assigned to command Banks' (12th) corps;
at Antietam;
mortally wounded;
movements and losses of his corps.

Manson, Mahlon D., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
pursues Morgan raiders;
commands 2nd division 23d army corps;
relieved by White;
in temporary command of corps;
turns command over to General Cox;
at Resaca;
severely injured.

Marcy, Randolph B.,
father-in-law of General McClellan and chief of staff;
responsibility for Burnside's reprimand.

Marietta, Georgia,
military operations near;
map of vicinity.

Marshall, Humphrey,
brigadier general Confederate States Army

Martial Law,
when proper, outside field of military operations;
declared in S. Ohio counties during Morgan raid.

Martin, Wm. T., major general Confederate States Army,
in E. Tennessee;
defeated at Sevierville;
ordered to join Johnston with cavalry;
at Calhoun and Resaca.

Mason, John S., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding camps at Columbus;
ordered to suppress draft riots;
precautions against plots to release confederate prisoners.

Massachusetts Troops,
21st;
27th;
8th Artillery,

Matthews, Stanley,
lieutenant colonel 23d Ohio,

Maury, Dabney H., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
in E. Tennessee;
at Mobile.

Maynard, Horace,
M. C. from E. Tennessee;
asks to have E. Tennessee regiments returned to their homes;
influential representative,

Meade, George G., brigadier general,
at Antietam;
succeeds to command of 1st Corps;
appointed major general;
inactivity after Gettysburg and consequences;
excessive caution.

Meagher, Thos. F., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding provisional division of Sherman's convalescents and new
recruits;
leaves his command without authority;
relieved;
spicy correspondence concerning;
command turned over to General Carter.

Measles,
a dangerous camp disease,

Meigs, Montgomery C., quartermaster general,
nearly correct estimate of Lee's forces;
at Chattanooga;
never saw such roads;
reports strength of position and confidence of army;
approves seizure of railroads by Sherman.

Merrill, W. E.,
colonel and eng., in charge of railroad defences;
on construction and use of blockhouses.

Michigan Troops,
18th;
25th;
1st Artillery

Military Executions,

Militia,
contained more well-drilled regiments than regular army at
outbreak of war.

Militia, Ohio,
lack of uniforms and equipment;
elect their own officers;
should have been officered by young regular army officers;
re-enlistment of;
high character of;
called out during Morgan raid;
and to resist attempt to release confederate prisoners.

Miller, D. R.,
house and barn at Antietam,

Milligan, Lambdin P.,
condemned to death for treasonable practices by military
commission;
discharged by U. S. Supreme Court.

Milroy, Robt. H.,
brigadier general in West Virginia;
defeated by Stonewall Jackson;
ordered to Kanawha valley;
character of;
promotion urged by Governor Morton;
lack of transportation;
at Beverly;
controversy with Col. Cluseret;
lacked judgment.

Minors,
enlisting without parents' consent, how released,

Missionary Ridge,
depressing effect of loss on confederacy;
natural strength of;
no commander would have ordered front attack.

Monocacy River,
skirmish at.

"Montauk," monitor,
excellent practice in bombardment of Ft. Anderson, North Carolina,

Moor, August, colonel 28th Ohio,
in West Virginia;
at Raleigh courthouse;
at Princeton;
at Wolf Creek;
French's;
commanding 2nd brigade Kanawha division;
at the Monocacy, captured;
paroled;
valuable hint.

Moore, Orlando H., colonel 25th Michigan,
repulses Morgan's attack on Green River bridge;
commanding brigade in 23d army corps;
at Columbia;
in movement up right bank, Cape Fear River

Morehead, John M., ex-Governor of North Carolina,
entertains Schofield and Cox at Greensborough;
war experiences of family.

Morell, Geo. W., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Antietam,

Morgan, Edwin D., major general United States Volunteers,
resigns.

Morgan, Geo. W., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
Cumberland Gap expedition;
bad condition of command;
E. Tennessee and Kentucky troops discontented;
in Kanawha valley;
ordered to Cincinnati.

Morgan, John H., brigadier general Confederate States Army,
raid into Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio;
captured and imprisoned in Ohio penitentiary;
escapes;
futility of raid from military standpoint;
wholly unauthorized.

Morris, Thos. A.,
brigadier general commanding Indiana brigade;
takes Philippi, West Virginia;
pursues Garnett;
captures cannon and wagons.

Morton, Oliver P., war Governor of Indiana,
favors Milroy's promotion;
urges appointment of Rosecrans to succeed Buell;
dominant influence in Indiana appointments and promotions;
asks for detail of army officers to stump State.

Mott, Samuel R., colonel 118th Ohio,
in E. Tennessee;
at Mossy Creek

Mountain Department,
constituted, and Frémont placed in command;
abolished when Frémont relieved.

Mountain Howitzers,
use of.

Mower, Jos. A., brigadier general U. S. A.,
recommended by Sherman to succeed Sooy Smith in cavalry command;
promoted major general on mistaken report that he had defeated and
killed Forrest.

Mumma House,
at Antietam.

Myers, Jas. H., captain 23d Indiana Bat.,
at Cheney's.

Nagle, James, brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at South Mountain;
at Antietam.

Nashville,
situation and lines of communication;
fortified and garrisoned;
conditions before battle of;
map of part of battlefield;
Schofield and Wilson's attack at.

Neff, Geo. W., lieutenant colonel 2nd Kentucky,
captures Guyandotte, West Virginia;
taken prisoner at Scary Creek;
defends Camp Dennison against Morgan raiders.

New Berne, North Carolina,
base of supply for Sherman's army.

New Hope Church,
fighting at;
formidable character of works.
New Jersey,
Taylor's brigade, disorderly retreat from Bull Run bridge;
honorable exceptions;
13th Infantry at Antietam.

Newspaper Correspondents,
difficulties of officers in field with;
"write down" some;
and make fictitious reputations for others.

Newton, John, major general United States Volunteers,
assigned to command Sheridan's division, 4th army corps;
at Rocky Face, Georgia

New York Seventh Regiment,
equal in drill to West Point cadets;
furnished 300 officers for other volunteer regiments.

New York Troops,
51st;
6th Cavalry, attached to Kanawha division temporarily;
12th Cavalry, at Kinston;
4th Heavy Artillery, reports to General Cox.

Night retreats,
not to be commended, panicky conditions.

Noble County, Ohio,
resists the draft.

Non-Combatants,
usual treatment of;
losses and perils of, in field of operations;
straits of.

Officers,
qualifications of good;
business training helpful to;
Union, usually serving in grades above their rank;
unfit, retained upon roster, deprived capable, of their just
reward;
best qualities not learned at school;
good subordinates not always fit for high command.

Official Returns,
preferable to general estimates of commanding generals;
of confederate forces in North Carolina confessedly defective.

Ohio Democrats,
at first opposed to putting down secession;
revulsion of feeling after bombardment of Sumter;
nominate Vallandigham for Governor.

Ohio Senate,
when bombardment of Sumter announced;
members drill on State House terrace.

Ohio State Election, fall of '63,
excitement attending;
soldiers vote in;
overwhelming defeat of Vallandigham;
good effect of, felt throughout North.

Ohio Troops,
in general;
1st;
3rd;
4th;
5th;
7th;
8th;
9th;
10th;
11th;
12th;
13th;
14th and 15th;
16th;
17th;
18th;
19th;
20th;
21st;
22nd;
23d;
26th;
28th;
30th;
34th;
37th;
40th;
42nd;
44th and 47th;
50th;
52nd;
61st;
89th, 91st, and 92nd;
93rd;
100th;
103rd;
104th;
115th;
118th;
125th;
Cavalry, see BURDSALL, LONG, and PFAU;
Artillery, see BARNETT, COCKERILL, and McMULLIN.

Osterhaus, Peter J., brig, general,
promoted major general on political grounds;
returns to 15th army corps, and serves throughout war.

Paine, Chas. J., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
commanding div of colored troops at Federal Ft., N C..

Palmer, Innes N., brigadier general United States Volunteers,
at Beaufort, North Carolina;
Batchelder's Creek;
Gum Swamp;
in front of British Road;
ordered to support Carter;
and demonstrate toward Southwest Creek;
exaggerated impression of enemy's strength;
at second battle of Kinston;
division incorporated with Carter's under command of latter;
commands District of Beaufort.

Palmer, John M.,
major general United States Volunteers;
at Tunnel Hill;
in Snake Creek Gap;
at Resaca;
crosses river at Resaca, following Howard;
deprived of Davis' division;
complains;
corps reunited;
at Peachtree Creek

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