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Women of the Country by Gertrude Bone

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Produced by Audrey Longhurst, Melissa Er-Raqabi and PG Distributed

Women of the Country

_Uniform with this Volume_

The Roadmender. By MICHAEL FAIRLESS.
The Gathering of Brother Hilarius. By MICHAEL FAIRLESS.
The Grey Brethren. By MICHAEL FAIRLESS.
A Modern Mystic's Way. (Dedicated to Michael Fairless.)
Magic Casements. By ARTHUR S. CRIPPS.
Thoughts of Leonardo da Vinci,
as recorded in his Note-Books. Edited by EDWARD MCCURDY.
The Sea Charm of Venice. By STOPFORD A. BROOKE.
Longings. By W.D. MCKAY.
From the Forest. By W. SCOTT PALMER.
Pilgrim Man. By W. SCOTT PALMER.
Winter and Spring. By W. SCOTT PALMER.
Michael Fairless: Life and Writings.
Vagrom Men. By A.T. STORY.
Light and Twilight. By EDWARD THOMAS.
Rest and Unrest. By EDWARD THOMAS.
Rose Acre Papers: including Horae Solitarae. By EDWARD THOMAS.


Women of the Country


Gertrude Bone

With Frontispiece by Muirhead Bone


Duckworth & Co.

Henrietta Street, W.C.

_Published 1913_



When I was a child I lived in a small sea-coast town, with wide, flat
sands. The only beautiful thing in the place--a town of no
distinction--were the sunsets over this vast, level expanse. I remember
them at intervals, as one recalls things seen passing in a train through
a solitary landscape. I seem to see myself, a child with a child's
imagination, standing on those wet sands, looking out over their purple
immensity to the glittering line of the tide on the horizon, and to see
again the sun in such a wide heaven that it seemed to have the world to
itself, and to watch the changes in the sky as it sank, drawing with it
the light. These great sands were dangerous at times, shifting in
whirling and irresistible rushes of water, and changing the course of
the channel, which was unaltered by the tide and which always lay out a
gleaming artery from the almost invisible sea.

It was Sunday morning--a day observed with such precision in that little
town that I was almost alone out of doors. A string of cart-horses,
their day of rest well-earned, were being led across the sands from the
level tide. The sand, uncovered by the sea for weeks, was bleached to an
intolerable whiteness, but there was no wind to lift it, and the sea was
tranquil, its little waves all hastening in one direction, like a shoal
of fish making for a haven. The sun was already changing its early glory
to heat. All the erections for amusement on the shore looked a little
foolish in that solitude. I returned to the town along the empty asphalt
roads and went with my companions to church. It was a church whose
pretensions were high and genteel. Nothing of a personal nature was ever
heard from its well-bred pulpit. The hymns were discreetly chosen to
avoid excitement, and a conversion would have given offence. The
minister for that day was a young man from the poorer end of the town,
and I remember, even as a child, being disturbed by the announcement of
his first hymn, "Rock of Ages." Even the organ blundered as it played so
common a tune as Rousseau's Dream, and I, who learning counterpoint,
feared to be seen singing so ordinary a melody, lest it should set me
down as unmusical for ever. But soon my concern was with the unfortunate
young man, for he was, I felt sure, quite ignorant of the habits of such
congregations as ours, and would certainly offend our best people. For
after that we read the parable of the Prodigal Son and sang, "The Sands
of Time are Sinking." Then I forgot even this curious lapse from our
Sunday custom, so clearly did the tale now begun by the preacher bring
again before my eyes those inhuman sands, that lonely sky, and the
unstayed power of the sea.

He had chosen, so he said, for his service this morning the favourite
hymns, Scripture, and text of an obscure member of the congregation
taken from earth in a strange manner the day before. For more years than
he could remember, there had come and gone in that congregation an old
blind man. He had heard him spoken of from time to time in a kindly
contemptuous, way as "Old Born Again," and it was by that nickname he
would speak of him this morning, but he could find no place in his
intelligence for contempt, for Old Born Again now saw and knew the
things which prophets and kings desire to look into.

He had lived for many years thus. He was a widower living with a married
daughter, whose husband was a fisherman. She herself kept a
greengrocer's shop of the poorer kind. She had five children, the
eldest, a boy of thirteen, earning his living with her in the shop. He
and his blind grandfather went round the district every day with a small
cart and horse, selling their vegetables from house to house and thus
enlarging their custom. The boy guided the horse and his grandfather
helped with the selling and the money. In the early morning at the end
of each week they drove the horse and cart to the sea's edge to wash
them, making always for the steady channel which ran unaltering through
the empty sand, when the tide was down. This morning they had gone as
usual, and when they reached the water (the old man was blind you will
remember, and his companion a child), they knew no difference in its
appearance. A man who was gathering cockles at a distance knew and
called to them, running towards them, but the old man did not see and
the boy was intent upon guiding the horse and cart into the water.

That night the sand, so unstable, had moved beneath the pressure of an
unusual tide. The course of the channel had changed, and when the horse,
treading confidently, had approached the edge, it stepped straight into
deep water and, losing its balance, being also impeded by the cart,
dragged with it the vehicle, the old blind man and the child to
unavoidable death. Their bodies had been recovered but too late. "Let us
pray," added the minister, "for the mourners."

To a child the fact of death is not very terrible, because the fact of
life is not yet understood; but I never see in imagination the level and
sad-coloured country of my childhood, stretching out of sight to the sea
across an expanse of sand, a country whose pomp was in the heavens,
whose hills were the clouds, without seeing also, journeying across it,
an old blind man, a child, and a dumb creature, to disappear for ever
under the wide sky, beneath the sun, within that great waste of waters.

The life of the poor, coloured outwardly with the same passivity and
acceptance of their lot as the rest of visible nature, disciplined by
the same forces which break the floods and the earth, remains for most
of us querulous, ignoble, disappointing. What can be said suggestive or
profound of the life that is born, that labours its full day with its
face to the ground, from which it looks for its sustenance, and at last
is carried, spent, to the square ground which holds the memory and
remains of the dead.

Yet one day the sun which has risen, stirring the only emotion in the
landscape, will rise upon a tragic, significant, or patient human group,
for whom sun and seasons and the wide heavens are small, whose emotion
is yet contained within the room of a mean dwelling and whose destiny is
accomplished within a tilled field.

Under a sky that is infinite and a heaven accessible to all, the poor
"work for their living," bowed always a little towards tragedy yet
understanding joy, from the bitterness of life and death and the added
anguish of ignorance drinking often their safety.


It was evening in the country at harvest-time, at that moment towards
sundown when the light, about to be withdrawn, glows with a fulness of
gold which makes it seem impossible that it can ever die. The earth was
heavy with fruition, every square field brimful of the ungathered
harvest. The heavy corn swayed almost by reason of its own weight. A
thunderstorm would beat it prostrate in an hour. All the crops were full
and good, some almost level with the low hedges. Heat seemed to radiate
from the yellow mass, that scorching heat which in autumn never seems to
leave the earth, but to linger about the ground, surrounding the
responsive and standing corn. But the day had brought no heaviness to
the sky, blue without a cloud, only a grave and increasing heat, a sun
which blinded the eyes and seemed to take no account of anything save
its steady purpose of ripening the fruit and grain.

Looking round one saw that it was not an impressive country. There were
no hills, no grandeurs, no proximity to the sea. It was a country whose
pageants were made, not by great heights or sombre woods, but by the
orderly and coloured procession of the harvests; where one recovered the
preoccupied sight of little children, seeing so much to absorb one near
the ground that one did not seek the horizon; where matters were
measured and done not by the clock but by the sun's height, by midday
heat and darkness, by the lowing of cows or the calling of lambs.

A woman, well on the way to middle age, sat in the house-place of a
small cottage on the white high-road. Everything had been done for the
night, the pigs and pony fed; the cow milked and the milk strained; the
churn cleaned and the cream standing. The hens had been driven in and
were almost asleep on their perches. The wood was ready for the morning
and the clock had been wound up. She had not had her supper yet she did
not remove her sun-bonnet or yard-boots. She cut herself a slice of
stale bread and a large piece of cheese, dipped a cup in the barrel of
buttermilk and sat down on a low stool with the bread and cheese in one
hand and the cup of milk in the other. She was evidently in great
perturbation, for at times she forgot to eat altogether and sat with the
bread and cheese suspended in her hand while she thought deeply. Her
rather large plain features had a dignity of expression which was
pleasing, though it betrayed a tendency to melancholy. She had no frown,
for her blue eyes were of excellent strength and one does not sit up
late in the country. She was tall and rather bony, a strong peasant

Presently she rose, her supper still unfinished, and took from a shelf,
from among a medley of herbs and medicine bottles, a penny bottle of ink
with a pen sticking in it. Searching in a drawer of the round table she
found a large envelope on which was written, "Giant pennyworth of note."
She took from it one of the thin bluish sheets of paper, and sitting at
the table, her sun-bonnet making a grotesque shadow behind her, she
began to write. She wrote with little hesitation, urged by the strength
of some feeling. Her handwriting was large and she made long loops to
her g's.

"DEAR SIR,--Though you passed by my cottage yesterday you are so
unknown to me by sight, that I have only just discovered who it
was that was brought to such a pitiable condition before me.
First, sir, let me describe to you what a sight I saw before me,
when, hearing a great plunging and shouting in the road, I came
out from the shippon to see what was the matter.

"I saw, sir, a strong, well-looking, well-dressed young man of
twenty-six lying in the mud of the road, his foot in one stirrup of
his horse, he, mad with drink cursing, first the poor horse (a very
quiet stallion), then the road (a very easy one) and last, the
Almighty God of love. The horse, dragged everywhere by the efforts
of the young man to gain a footing, was rewarded for its patience
when its master at last, by my help, regained his feet, by severe
kicks in the belly, and I, a poor woman, was abused and called evil

"Sir! if instead of cursing the good-tempered beast or the God of
love above you, you had cursed the origin of such a spectacle as
you then were, your clothes covered with mud, your mouth full of
blaspheming, staggering about the road pulling at the mouth of your
horse--_strong drink_--you would have been a more reasonable being.

"What, sir, had the horse done to you? What had this poor woman
done to you? What, sir, had your heavenly Father done to you, that
you should fill your mouth with curses against us all? Your enemy
was none of us, but that viper, strong drink.

"O sir! shun your enemy I beseech you. I am a woman who has had no
children, but, sir, if I had been the mother of so strong and
good-looking a man as you, it would have broken my heart to see you
lying there muddy and cursing, a poorer sight under God's sky than
the poor dumb beast that bore you.--Your obedient servant,

Ann Hilton."

The woman folded and fastened the letter and then wiped her eyes with
the corner of her apron. She looked round the room as if to see that
everything was done and went to shut the door for the night. She looked
out into the lane. The cottage a little lower down had a light in the
window and here and there lights shewed along the road. The night when
one can no longer work out of doors matters little in the country, yet
the ample stillness with distant rustling sounds pleased her and she
lingered. Two young men carrying shapeless bundles on their shoulders
wished her good-night as they passed home from work. Everyone seemed to
have finished with out of doors. Even the cat from the yard rubbed
against her as it ran into the house, stealthily and crouching as if in
fear. She turned indoors and lit the lamp, fastened the door with a
wooden bolt and drew the blind before the diamond-paned window.


Anne Hilton was one of those women who have so little knowledge of the
practical thoughts of those round about them, that they pass their lives
half-disliked, partly respected, and mostly avoided. She had lived alone
now for two years, her father, whom she had nursed, having died of the
saddest human malady. He had ("as anyone might have had with such a
daughter," declared the neighbours), harboured a great contempt for
women, and though, being uninclined to tread the heights himself, he
feared his daughter's uprightness of character, he had never lost an
occasion of pouring scorn on her unpractical ways.

"Can you take it home for me, James?" would ask a neighbour, handing up
a case of eggs to the cart, where James sat preparing to leave the

"There's no women in the cart," James would reply, and supposed he had
given the required assent.

The "round-about ways of doing things," which had been the butt of her
shrewd old father, had brought upon Anne a customary air of
half-readiness, so that going in suddenly, she might be found with her
bonnet on and her handkerchief on the table, but one perceived she was
still in her petticoat, and was making a pie for dinner. Meals, indeed,
she considered as things to be got out of the way, both her own, and, to
their expressed discomfort, those of other people. She herself often ate
them as she went about her work, pausing to take a spoonful from a plate
on the table or from the saucepan itself.

Taking the Scripture as the literal rule of the smallest details of her
life, she never wore a mixture of wool and cotton, as that was forbidden
to the Jews, nor would she wear any imitation of linen for the same
reason. In consequence, her clothes, which were of sound material, never
looked common, but always out-of-date.

She could be got (not that many people had tried to do so) to do nothing
quite like other people, not from perversity as some readily declared,
or a desire to "be different," but from inability to acquire the point
of view from which the most ordinary actions are done. She took no money
on Sunday, and this becoming known to her ne'er-do-well neighbours, they
made a point of forgetting to come for milk on Saturday.

"You must tell your mother I never sell milk on Sunday."

"Yes, Miss Hilton."

"I'll give you a little to go on with, but next week you must come for
it on Saturday."

And the child, having got what she wanted, would run off with the jug of
milk and the money which should have paid for it, to repeat exactly the
same offence the following week. Her reputation for queerness let her be
considered fair game, and so convinced is the ordinary person that
queerness is of necessity contemptible, that when she did anything which
was unusual, its reason was never examined, nor did the possibility that
it might be better done in that way occur to anybody. It was merely a
new evidence of her oddity.

But it was especially in those points in which she felt herself moved by
her religious convictions that she was most suspected. For in spite and
over all her eccentricities of belief, she was genuinely religious,
having the two great religious virtues, charity in judgment and sorrow
for the failures of others. But again she was "different," as it is
evident in this world that the failures of other people are entirely
their own fault, and to be gentle in judgment is more than other people
will be to you, and therefore unnecessary. So that, without being in
intention a reformer, she suffered the suspicion and dislike of the
reformer, being, in fact, however she might disguise it, "different"
from other people.

This constant clashing with the steadfast ideas of every one had in time
produced a timidity and secretiveness in the most ordinary actions,
though where she believed herself to be directed by the Spirit, she had
no lack of confidence and determination. If her movements could be kept
secret she would do her utmost to make them so. She would send the reply
to an invitation to tea half over the country before it reached its
destination. Yet she would often pray in the prayer-meeting, and had
been known to do unusually bold actions as a matter of course.

When it became known that she had written a letter to the son of Squire
Nuttall asking him to give up his dissipated habits, which were the
scandal of the country, no one was surprised, though many were shocked,
and the poorer tenants of the estate alarmed lest some indirect wrath
might fall upon them. When neither Squire nor son took the smallest
notice of the letter she was blamed universally as having gone too far,
as if this chorus of subterranean condemnation might somehow reach the
Squire, who would know that the rest of his tenants had no hand in the
matter nor sympathy with the writer.

On the contrary, though she was secretive with her near acquaintances,
she would become greatly communicative with a casual vendor of books, or
even a vagrant to whom she had given a cup of tea, that English
equivalent for a cup of cold water. She was so fearful of falling behind
in sympathy with sinners that she fell into the unusual error of
treating them better than the saints. She was fond of doing small
generosities, especially to children, who were half afraid of her but
who would eat the big Victoria plums she gave them (leading them
stealthily round to the back of the house to do so), and recognize that
in some sedate and mysterious way they had a friend.

She would send presents to young people whose conduct had pleased her,
gifts which always excited surprise and sometimes derision. Once she
sent the substantial gift of a sack of potatoes to a young husband and
wife, but the present became chiefly an amusing recollection, because,
not having string, she had sewed the sack with darning-wool, with the
result that it burst open on the station platform before it reached its

A number of books, some of an old-fashioned theology, had been left to
Anne by an aunt who had had a son a Methodist preacher. This aunt had
also left her a black silk dress, which Anne had received with the
joyful exclamation that she knew she was really a king's daughter. The
books she read ardently and critically, underlining and marking, and
with them also she embarrassed the vicar to whom she lent them. He,
being a kind man, took the books and her comments in spite of his wife's
indignation. They had formed the standard of her conversation, which was
in ceremonial moments antiquated and dignified. Young women, and older
men with wives to guide their perceptions, thought her absurd, but young
men seldom did so. Perhaps that was because she seldom thought _them_
absurd, and understood something of the ambitions with which their heads
were filled. They were not, indeed, unlike those with which her own was
overflowing. Whenever she was angry it was at any meanness or injustice,
which seemed to arouse in her a Biblical passion of righteous fury.

A small meanness in another depressed her as much as if she had done it
herself. Once she had walked five miles to deliver some butter and
returned utterly dejected, not alone from fatigue, but because she had
been offered nothing to eat or drink after her long tramp. It would have
been useless to point out to her that she had gone on a purely business
errand. It was one of those small meannesses of which she was herself
incapable, and a proportion of warmth had died out of her belief.

"You know my sister Jane's son?" said a farmer's wife, who had stopped
her trap at the cottage to pick up a lidded wisket in which some
earthenware had been packed. "He's getting a good-looking young man and
he's all for bettering himself. Well, he went and got his photo taken at
Drayton and brought them in to show his mother. She was making jam at
the time, and she's not an easy tongue at the best o' times. 'What's
that?' she says; 'you don't mean to say that's a likeness o' thee? It
looks fool enough.' She says she never saw 'em again, he went straight
out and burnt 'em."

"He chose the wrong minit," said her husband beside her. "If he knew as
much about women as _I_ do, for instance."

"Just you mind," said his wife, warningly. "Why, Miss Hilton, whatever's
the matter?" she added, catching sight of Anne's face.

"It is such a painful story," rejoined Anne. "I cannot bear to think of
the poor young man's discomfiture."

"Well, I never!" ejaculated the farmer, as they drove away. "She's very
good, but, my word, she's very peculiar."

"If she was _really_ very good she'd try not to _be_ so peculiar,"
retorted his wife, nettled at the failure of her story. "Did you ever
see such a figure, with her dress all unbuttoned at the back showing her

"She's not got a husband to fasten the middle buttons," said the farmer
slyly. "She can't very well ask the pig, you know."

"Well, no, she can't," said his wife, good-naturedly; "but she tries my
patience pretty often."

"That's not so hard as it sounds," said the farmer, looking innocently
in front of him.

"Now, then," said his wife, "who wanted a potato-pie for supper?"

"I expect it was our Joseph," said the farmer.

"Not it," retorted his wife.

"Well, myself, I prefer women who aren't so peculiar," said the farmer.
"Even if they're not so good," he added.

"Take care," replied his wife. "That potato-pie isn't in the oven yet!"


Anne Hilton got up when the sky was tinged with the sunrise, feeling
anew the security of recovered daylight after the stillness of the
lonely house during the night. There was little to put in order about
her house. "Where no oxen are the crib is clean," she would often quote.
There was absolute silence in the cottage, and as she opened the windows
she saw the first thin smoke, the incense of labour, rising from other
houses. The garden was fragrant with flowers, soon to be gathered and
made into bunches for the market. The increasing glory of the sky
promised another fine day for the harvest. She read the text on the
Calendar and made it the subject of her prayer, which she uttered aloud
with great fervour. Then she went down the stairs, which entered
directly into the kitchen, and lit the fire for her breakfast. The day
following was market-day, the day on which she depended for her living,
and to-day the butter for which she was justly celebrated had to be
made. Beyond the kitchen was a dairy with a stone shelf round three
sides of it, a churn in the middle, large earthenware mugs of cream, and
a great tub of buttermilk in the corner. The sunlight never fell on this
side of the house until late afternoon, so that, though the day was
already hot, the shadow of the dairy and the yard beyond with its shed
for tools looked tranquil and cool.

Taking one of the tin pails and a milking-stool, she set off across the
fields to the pasture in which her two cows were grazing. Everything
within her sight as she passed--hedges, grass, corn, even the trodden
path across the field--gleamed with the radiance of the risen sun. The
sky, intolerably splendid and untroubled by clouds, was filled by the
sun. Even the thin smoke from the cottages flickered and was
illuminated. The trees had the leaves of Paradise. The world seemed to
hold nothing but the sun, and to be bewildered.

At the end of two fields' length she stayed by the pasture-gate and
rattled her can loudly. Two cows, gigantic against the sun, came slowly
to the gate. She tied their tails in turn, and settled on her stool
beside the dripping hedge. When her pail was full and frothing she set
them free, and with a flick of her apron sent them from the gate, which
she opened, setting her can down while she tied the hatch. Then she
returned over the two fields with the full and heavy can. The pony
snickered as she came into the yard, and the hens ran in a foolish crowd
across her way. She scattered them as she went, setting down her burden
within the dairy. She overturned the stale buttermilk into the pig's
trough, fed the hens, and drove the pony into lane, throwing stones and
tufts of grass after it until she saw it turn into the open gate of the
paddock. It would be joined soon by others, and the boy who brought them
would shut the gate. Then she scalded the churn anew, filled it, and
settled to the slow turning which was to occupy the greater part of her
morning. The churning became heavier and heavier. She raised the lid to
scrape the butter from its sides, and as she did so heard footsteps
coming across the yard, footsteps a little unusual in sound, each
seeming to be taken very deliberately, and going straight forward
without discrimination of the path.

"Here's Mary!" said Anne Hilton aloud, turning towards the door and
moving a chair. A woman of about forty-three, with a basket on one arm
and walking with a strong stick, came steadily towards the door. She
would have been comely if it had not been for a fixed frown which seemed
odd on her pleasant, good-tempered face. She wore a print bodice, with a
point back and front, and a short bunchy stuff skirt. Though Sarah was
well in sight she took no notice of her, but walked straight on towards
her, until the latter said with evident pleasure--

"It's you, Mary!"

"Yes!" answered Mary, with a slight start.

"How are you?"

"Quite well," said Sarah. "Here's the door." She laid her hand over that
of the other woman and set it on the side of the post, at the same time
taking her basket, which was full of eggs, and only partially covered by
a cloth.

"How many?" she asked. "Have you counted?"

"Four dozen," replied Mary. "Have you finished your butter?"

"It's coming," said Anne, taking the handle again.

"Let _me_ try," said Mary. "I often think I could manage butter nicely."

"Don't get too clever," said Anne. "You do a wonderful lot already. Stop
and sit a bit, won't you? Let me see if you know where your chair is."

The woman stepped into the dairy, turned to the left of the door, and
sat down without hesitation in the chair which Sarah had moved on first
perceiving her approach, and as she did so one could see that the frown,
so out of place on her steady and tranquil face, had an origin of
tragedy. She was blind.


Mary Colton was one of the most esteemed women possible in any
country-side. She had scarcely been beyond the few miles which
surrounded her home, and since she was a girl had never set foot in a
train. She had not been born blind, but had had her sight until she was
seventeen, when an illness darkened the world for ever. "A pretty girl
she was too," said those who remembered. Of the prettiness she retained
now only the essence, that of her pleasant goodness, yet her appearance
was still attractive in spite of her thick figure and contracted brows.
She had not that unearthly exalted expression so familiar to one in the
blind, who look upwards for the light and search in vain. Rather, unless
one looked narrowly, one would take her for a middle-aged woman of good
health and steady temper, who was a little short-sighted. She used a
stick out of doors, and when she went very long distances she took with
her a small terrier, which warned her of the difficult parts of the
road. But indoors she moved about freely, knowing to an inch how much
room each piece of furniture occupied, and seldom knocking against
anything as she moved about her work.

She lived entirely alone and supported herself, not by any of the
special kinds of work which are supposed generally to be possible to the
blind, but by exactly the same means as other women of her age and
class. All the work in the house was done by herself, even to the making
of the toffee and bulls'-eyes, which she sold at the cricket-matches and
fairs of the districts. She kept hens and turkeys, and worked in her
garden, feeling her way about the beds and bushes with her feet. She
sold the vegetables and the currants and gooseberries which grew in the
little patch of garden, and her friend, Anne Hilton, carried her eggs to
the market-town for her every week, where she disposed of them to a
provision-dealer of the same denomination. Even the hen-run had been
made by the blind woman, who was a continual source of astonishment and
questioning from the neighbours. But in this wonder, she not unnaturally
found a pathetic pleasure.

"How do you know when you've got all your hens in?" asked a child once.

"I count them at night when they're asleep on their perches," answered
Mary, with a joyful little chuckle.

"But it's dark!" objected the child.

"So it is," replied Mary. "I didn't think of that."

She never referred to her blindness, and so complete a victory over
misfortune and circumstance gained its fit respect in the country. No
one considered that it was "doing a charity" to Mary to drive past her
cottage on the way from market to give her news of a football match or
fair about to be held in the district. Women would send their children
on their way to school to give similar news, and the boy who brought her
the roll of newspapers, which she sold at the station every morning,
would often wheel her barrow for her. She had a large, clumsy chest on
the frame of an old perambulator, in which she wheeled about her store
of aerated waters, toffee, and newspapers. She would place herself at
the gate of the cricket ground on Saturday afternoon. The sliding lid of
her chest made a counter on which she set her scales and her neatly cut
pile of paper for wrapping up the toffee. She had no rivals in the
district, for the most avaricious small shop-keeper would have been
ashamed to confuse or trouble the simple, good, courageous woman.
Perhaps the most complete sign of her triumph over her disability was,
that no one dreamed of calling her "Poor Mary." Like her friend, Anne
Hilton, she was a member of the little wayside chapel, which, with all
that it meant, made a centre of warmth and fellowship for both lonely


So placid and unimpressive was the country which lay about Anne Hilton's
cottage, that in the lanes which branched from it one seldom thought of
any other season than that of spring. Even in winter, when a few
shrivelled berries clattered in the leafless hedges, and the old beech
leaves dangled until the new ones swelled in the stem, one thought of
the beauty of spring, when the hedges would be full of hawthorn, and the
banks of cowslips, when cherry-blossom would fill the orchards, and the
young lambs and calves lie about in the low, green meadows, and the sky
would be great and vigorous above the quiescent earth. On the same day,
a week later, Anne was in the dairy in the evening, packing her butter
for the following day's market. The day just withdrawing had been golden
from beginning to end. The sun had risen without mist and set in a sky
without a cloud, seeming, as it sank, to draw with it all the colour
from the heavens, as if it had cast a golden net in the morning and now
drew it home again behind the hill.

As the warm light ebbed, a coolness, as of an actual atmosphere
distilled into the cottage, became apparent in the kitchen. Now that the
sunlight had gone, one could see the objects in the room with a new
distinctness. It was serious, quiet, and orderly in this grave light,
like the room of some saint shown in piety to pilgrims.

A tall, half-grown youth came to the kitchen door, and, knocking twice,
entered and sat down lumpily on the wooden armchair, slipping a basket
from his arm on to the table as he did so. He looked round him, pleased
unconsciously by the grave light and the orderly room.

"You've a quiet life of it here," he said, rising to shake hands with
Anne, who came into the room at the same moment, bending a little as she
walked with the slightly anxious expression of one preoccupied with

"Yes," she replied, "it's very pleasant in the kitchen when the sun goes
off. Nearly every evening at this time something about the room brings
to my mind the hymn--

"When quiet in my house I sit,
Thy book be my companion still."

The youth looked uncomfortable, thinking that he had brought upon
himself a sermon unawares, and that being actually inside the house, and
having sat down, he might have difficulty in extricating himself. So he
said, rather to turn the conversation from its personal character, than
from any sense of the fitness of his remarks.

"It's sad about Jane Evans, isn't it?"

"What's sad, Dick?" asked Anne, still standing, and resting both hands
on the table. "Excuse my not sitting down, I've got a bad turn of

"That's bad," said Dick. "I once had a bit in my back, and it was as
much as I wanted."

"But what about Jane?" asked Anne. "I've scarcely seen her or her sister
since the old grandmother died. I seldom get so far away. The Ashley
road doesn't go near that side, and that's the one that sees me

"Well, it seems," replied Dick, finding it, after all, an awkward
subject to talk of to a woman, "she's gone to live with that
horse-breeder who's taken Burton's farm."

"But he's a married man," said Anne, not comprehending.

"Yes, I know," said Dick, with an embarrassed laugh, but Anne did not
hear. She had understood.

"She was a good, respectable girl," she said. "However can she have
forgotten herself like that? Where's her sister Annie?"

"They do say she's nearly as bad," replied Dick. "He's rather a taking
man--good-looking and hearty, and dresses better than the farmers, and
his wife went off with a trainer too."

"Her grandmother's only been dead two years, and she's been allowed to
go wrong like that," exclaimed Anne, with condemnation of herself in her

"Well, you know," expostulated Dick, "I don't know as it's anybody's
business. Everybody's got their own affairs to attend to."

"Oh yes! I know," said Anne. "It's never anybody's business to try to
prevent such things, but it'll be everybody's business to throw stones
at the girl very soon, if the man tires of her."

"I don't know about preventing," returned Dick; "she seemed pretty set
on him herself. I think myself it's a pity. Here's the eggs from Mary
Colton, Miss Hilton--three dozen," he added, as a diversion from the
conversation, which he found more embarrassing than the sermon he had
successfully avoided. With that he escaped from the chair with a jerk,
scuffled his feet once or twice on the floor, took his cap out of his
pocket, and ejaculated "Good-night."

"Good-night," replied Anne, still preoccupied. "Thank you for bringing
the eggs;" and she sat down with a slight groan.

"Why, it might be herself," reflected Dick, looking back at the dejected
figure in the darkening room. Being a simple youth, he felt vaguely
uncomfortable at the sight of such trouble over the doings of one who
was no relation, and began to take a little blame to himself for
thinking lightly of the girl's downfall.

"Well, she's very good," he concluded in his thoughts, "but she's
peculiar;" and he tramped heavily through the yard into the lane.

Anne did not stir. She was so shocked that her bodily faculties seemed
to have ceased, and her mind to have remained sorrowing and awake. This
lapse was even worse than that of Sir Richard's son, because it seemed
irretrievable. Then, too, it had happened before she knew anything about
it, whereas, in the other case, she had been active, and able to
expostulate and screen the young man's fall. And then, too, there was
the surprise of a middle-aged woman at the lapses of "young, strong
people," just as, if one of more maturity had fallen, the comment of the
young would have been equally certain, "an old thing like her."

To Anne, whose temptations were of the kind that betray rather than
assault, all faults of the flesh seemed of equal gravity--a man's
gluttony or drunkenness, or a woman's misdemeanour. The one did not
shock her more than the other. She thought of her old friend, the
grandmother who had brought up the girls, denying herself sleep and ease
that they might not run wild as many girls do, but might grow up girls
of good character. Since the grandmother died, Jane, who was young and
pretty, had tried to support herself. Anne did not know Richard Burton,
but he was older and a "married man," which, of itself, implied
responsibility to her mind. With the passion for justice, in which her
intellectual faculties found material for exercise, she declared that
Burton must be more to blame than Jane. He had money and position in the
country-side. But equally as he was more to blame he would be less
blamed. No one would dare to tell _him_ he was wrong. They would wait,
stone in hand, for the girl who had been a child among them, and when
she was forsaken and alone would throw and strike. Anne lived apart, but
she knew _that_. "It will be visited on the girl," she thought; and
indignation at Richard Burton rose steadily in her thoughts.

After a while she stirred, and, lighting a candle, slowly stooped and
raised the lid of the bread-mug. Pulling out half a loaf, she cut a
thick piece for supper. She ate it slowly, with a piece of cold bacon,
then, taking the candle, her shadow growing gigantic behind her, she
fastened the door without looking outside, and climbed the stairs,
heavily and sorrowfully, to her solitary bedroom, her shadow with one
jerk filling the whole room.


There was no covered market even in so considerable a town as Haybarn.
From end to end of the rectangular market-place were set wooden tables
on movable trestles, and over these were stretched frames of canvas, the
whole assembly looking like a fantastic toy village set in the middle of
the substantial brick houses, banks, and inns of the square, or like a
child's erections amid the solid furniture on a nursery floor.

On each side of the square, with their backs to the stalls and facing
the shops whose goods and attractions overflowed to the pavement as if
offering themselves at the feet of the passers-by, stood a row of
countrywomen and girls with market baskets of butter and eggs, plucked
fowls, red currants, plums, curds, tight nosegays of pinks, stocks,
wall-flowers, or anything else saleable or in season which a cottage
garden produces. In and about among these, pushed women of all degrees
and ages, tasting butter, holding eggs to the light, or placing them
against their lips to test their freshness, stopping now and then to
feel the wearing quality of some piece of dress-stuff or flannel, draped
and ticketed alluringly at a shop door; all moving with the slow,
ungainly pace of those unaccustomed to walking and impeded by bundles
and purchases in both arms. Here and there a younger woman, dressed in
the fashion of the best shop in the town, with a basket of rather more
elegant shape, went about her marketing with equal decision, if more
fashion: the wife of some tradesman who lived in one of the numerous new
villas with small gardens increasing every year on the fringe of the old
town, who still liked the stir of the market and a bargain, but whose
chief reason for marketing herself would be given to a friend as, "you
can't trust those girls. They'll take anything that's given 'em and pay

Farmers with that curious planted-and-not-to-be-up-rooted air which
distinguishes a man brought up to farming everywhere stood about the
corners of the market in groups, or greeted friends on the steps and in
the passages of the inns. The cattle-market was on the outskirts of the
town, and the business there was over early in the day. For the rest of
the day they exchanged and completed their bargains, or, supported by a
friend and with an air of determination not to be cheated, entered the
shops of hatters and tailors, or examined the bundles of canes and
walking-sticks hanging by their heads at the shop door, fingering stuffs
in the same manner as the women, but with a more helpless air, as if
hoping that some good fortune beyond their own fingers would make clear
to them the difference and wearing quality of each.

Older men, with the solidity of girth which successful farming produces,
stood planted on the pavements with the air of spectators who enjoyed
everything, being free from the embarrassment of the younger men, who
found themselves after a week of solitude in the midst of a crowd of
their fellow-creatures, who, all and any, might happen to look at one
critically, giving rise to a red flush which in its turn might provoke
the jokes of one's companions; ordeals which made for many a young
countryman a day of adventure and perspiring, but one to be recalled
during the remainder of the week as a day about town spent suitably by a
man of spirit.

In the market Anne was a woman reputed for the excellence of her butter.
She had even taken prizes at local cattle-shows. She had an established
stand at one of the covered stalls, and her regular customers appeared
one by one as they were at liberty. It was largely a matter of waiting
through the morning till all had been supplied. To-day she had placed
mechanically in the cart a basket of Victoria plums, which had been
ordered by the wife of a neighbouring farmer, and as she found her
butter and chickens sold, and was about to collect her baskets together,
she saw this, and remembered that one of the servants at that farm had
sprained her wrist in lifting a cheese, so that the mistress, not having
appeared earlier in the day, might be safely assumed not to be coming to
the market. Anne stowed her empty baskets under the stall of a woman who
sold smallwares, and began to make her meagre purchases for the week.
Then she took her baskets and made for the yard of the inn behind the
market-square, where she had left the pony and cart.

The farmer's wife to whom Anne had arranged to carry the plums was known
among her acquaintances as a "worry." She had two daughters, one of whom
was delicate, and the farm was neither large nor productive. Her husband
also was reputed to be stingy.

Anne found her sitting sewing with the two girls, who were making a rag
hearthrug. With the nervousness of women of anxious temperaments she
began to explain their occupation, talking quickly in a voice with a
shrill recurring note.

"There's no waste in this house you see, Anne, and no drones in the
'ive. This bit of stuff was my grandmother's." She took up a fragment of
striped linsey, which one of the girls had just laid her hands upon. The
girl's sulky expression did not escape her.

"_Now_ then, what's the matter? _You're_ too proud, Miss. Keep a thing
seven years and it's sure to come in, _I_ say, and keep girls working,
and then they'll not get into trouble. Did you ever hear of anything so
disgraceful as that Jane Evans? She ought to be sent out of the place
with her servant and all. If it was a daughter o' mine, she'd travel far
enough before she saw her home again."

"It's very sad," replied Anne, "She's been led astray;" but the woman
interrupted, full of her virtue.

"Astray! She didn't want much leading I should think, sly thing! I know
those quiet ones. They're generally pretty deep. No! I've no
consideration whatever for a girl who gets herself into trouble. She's
nearly always to blame somewhere. You just take notice of _that_," she
added, turning to her daughters who were listening eagerly for details.

"I wonder she's the face to go about," said the elder girl, a very
pretty young woman of twenty, who, being engaged to a young carpenter,
assumed the virtue of a girl who'd no need to seek about for lovers, and
of a class whose sensibilities were shocked by this lapse. Her mother
looked mollified, and gazed at the girl's pretty face with satisfaction
in its comeliness for a few moments in silence. She was a delicate
woman, fretted by her nerves and the difficulty of making ends meet, but
she had real pleasure in her two girls, whose good looks and clever
taste in their clothes, made them always presentable.

"Some one ought to go and tell her what people think of her," said the
younger girl, who already showed her mother's nervous expression.

"Do it yourself," said her sister with a careless laugh.

"Nay, _I_ shan't interfere," replied the girl.

"You'd better not," said the mother. "You keep out of such things and
it'll be better for you. Well, here's Anne sitting with her plums.
You're very lucky to have a good tree like that," she added, as she
uncovered the basket. "We haven't a single good tree in the orchard. I
often say to James that we shouldn't have much less fruit, if they was
all cut down to-morrow."

Anne emptied the basket of plums into a basin the elder girl brought,
and received the money mechanically. She was thinking all the time of
Jane Evans and the careless laugh of the elder girl. Some one should
tell her. That was quite plain. But it was nobody's business. She shook
hands with the fortunate girl and her delicate sister, and, accompanied
by the mother, made her way through the yard to the gate, where the pony
had been eating as much of the hedge as he could manage with the bit in
his mouth. Before she had taken her seat Anne was aware of the weight on
her mind, which told her that she was "appointed" to go and reason with
Jane Evans, and, if possible, to persuade her to leave the man.

She was discouraged by the unstinting condemnation of the mother and
girls, and began to be sore that she had not received a word of sympathy
for the girl.

"There'll be a good many to throw stones," she said, as she drove into
her own yard and set about feeding the pony. When she had finished, her
mind was so overcharged that she had recourse to her usual outlet. She
began to pray aloud, not removing her bonnet or necktie, and seated as
always on the stool at the fireplace.

"O God, my heavenly Father, I thank Thee that I may come to Thee however
full of sin, and find Thee always ready. And I come to Thee again
to-night, repenting of my sin of omission in Thy sight. For, O God my
Father, I have not prayed for souls as I ought, and one soul who had
little earthly guidance has gone astray from the flock. If Thou hadst
left _me_, O my Saviour, in what a state of misery I should be found
to-night. Yet I have been over-anxious about my own salvation, and
forgotten those who are in temptation. Have mercy upon me, and save
them. Give me, O loving Father, a mouth and wisdom. Help me to point out
to this soul the error of her ways. Help me, more than all, to 'hate the
sin with all my heart, but still the sinner love,' and grant that there
may be joy in the presence of the angels of God over a returning and
repenting soul, for Thy mercy's sake. Amen."


Next day Anne arose to be at once aware of the heavy task before her. As
she set her house in order she would stop abstractedly and sit down to
think what was best to be done. Then she would work feverishly as if
_that_, at any rate, was a thing that could be accomplished.

It was a wet day, chilly and rueful. There were not even clouds in the
sky to vary the steady grey, and the heaven itself seemed to have
slipped from its height and to be close upon the earth. Trees, grass,
hedges were drenched, and remained motionless with leaves drooping under
an added weight. The ditches were noisy, but beyond the occasional
rattle of a cart there was no other sound than the rain, a sound so
unvaried that it presently became as a silence, and one imagined that
the world had ceased to have a voice. Anne opened the door many times
and looked out to see always the same grey sheet before her. The gutter
on the shippon splashing its overflow on the flags of the yard, the hens
crowding dejectedly within the open door of the henhouse, and the water
lying green between the cobble-stones of the path. Nothing could be done
in the garden. The sodden flowers would not be fit for to-morrow's
market. The pony had cast its shoe and must be shod before next day.

"This is more important than the pony," Anne said to herself, putting on
her market-cloak and drawing on with difficulty her elastic-sided boots.
She fastened her skirt high with an old silk cord and took her umbrella.
Remembering that she had not covered the fire, and that it would have
burnt away before she returned, she took a bucket out to the coal-house.
The wet dross hissed and smoked as she covered the fire. She drew out
the damper to heat the water, turned back the rag hearthrug lest a
cinder should fall on it in her absence, and once more taking her
umbrella, and lifting the key from its nail on the cupboard door, went
out into the rain. She locked the door on the outside, and hid the big
key on the ledge of the manger in the shippon. Then she was outside in
the steady rain, on the gritty turnpike road washed clean to the stones.
As she set off, it was a small relief to her that she would not be
noticed, unless when she passed the cottages, because there were few
workers in the fields, and none who could help it out of doors.

It was a walk of five miles which was before her, and soon the sinking
of heart with which she had set out, began to disappear before the
necessity of setting one foot before the other in a steady walk. The
irritating pain of rheumatism began, too, to vex her and distract her
thoughts. It was not a very familiar country to her after she had passed
the Ashley high road. There were fewer houses. The farms were larger,
and portions of an old forest remained here and there uncut. But there
was no variation in the gloom of the sky or the folding curtain of rain.
She grew tired and hot, and a little breathless, and as again the
dryness of her throat and tightness of her lips reminded her of the
humiliation of her unsought and unaided errand, she saw before her about
a quarter of a mile on the high road which led to Marwell, the new red
brick house with stucco ornaments, built by the horse-breeder, Burton.
She went towards it with lagging feet.

It was a prosperous and vulgar building, with a beautiful garden, for
his garden was Burton's pride. Even in the sodden wet the flowers, not
wholly beaten down, showed how well cared for and excellent their
quality. The sward was even and trim, and the fruit-trees on the side of
the house had yielded prizes to their owner. The path to the door was of
new red tiles, and two large red pots held standard rose trees on either
side of the stained-glass entrance. Anne rang the new bell which clanged
loudly and followed the servant (a girl from a distance), to the showy
drawing-room, chilly and unused in its atmosphere. It was the kind of
house which impressed the country people by its "improvements," and at
which Anne went to the side door to leave her butter. But she was so
absorbed in her duty to the girl that she gave no thought to this, which
at another time she would have considered to be "taking a liberty." She
alone of the girl's old friends seemed to have this burden laid upon
her, and as she entered the house she was overwhelmed with the blame of
its having happened, and the difficulty now of recovering innocence


She had scarcely had time to recover breath before Burton, the
horse-breeder, came into the room--a big-bearded man, of heavy build,
with a familiar loudness and fussiness which would have been better in
the open air, than even in the new vulgarity of his drawing-room. His
weight was the first thing one thought of. It would have taken a
powerful horse to carry him. He always wore his hat, whether indoors or
out, and bright tan leggings, with riding-breeches. Among his men and
the neighbours he passed as a good master, and free with his money,
standing for local purposes (as, indeed, he himself considered), in
place of the lord of the manor who owned a more interesting house in
another shire of the country. Like the rest of mankind he earned a
reputation for generosity by being liberal with those things by which he
set little store. He was neither avaricious nor surly, and, being in
full health and vigour himself, was able to spare a rough chivalry to
women which made allowance for their weaker bodies and greater
difficulty in coping with existence. It was probably this
soft-heartedness which, in the first place, had stirred a vague pity for
the pretty blonde dressmaker, and this quality which the pliable girl
had interpreted into the hope that he'd do her justice. He had, indeed,
often stood up for Anne Hilton herself when her peculiarities had been
discussed, and it was with the warm feeling of being rather a friend of
hers, and not being the man to hear a single woman abused, that he came
into the room and shook hands noisily.

"Well, Miss Hilton! I am very pleased to see you. You've come a long way
in the wet. You must have a glass of something hot. Jane! Jane!" he
shouted, stamping to the door and looking up the staircase. There was a
sudden clatter, and Jane appeared in the doorway laughing, because she
had run downstairs so quickly that she had almost fallen.

"That's smart work," said Burton.

"These stairs is so steep it's the easiest way of coming down 'em," said
Jane with an air of proprietorship, with the familiarity and importance
also of one who knows she is welcome, and, whatever other people may
think, has a power which no one else present has with the only man in
the room.

"Well, you have chosen a wet day to pay us a visit, Miss Hilton," she
said, with a hospitality too effusive to be spontaneous.

She was a very attractive girl, with fair hair and pretty eyes, made for
affection and to take a spoiling prettily. At present she had no
misgiving about her lover's good intentions, and this gave her the
confidence which naturally she lacked. Besides, she had never thought
Anne Hilton important. Anne, seeing the handsome room, the gaiety of
Jane, and affection of Burton, found herself wishing that there were no
reason why it should not continue so, to all appearance a happy home of
newly-married people. She saw none of the signs of shame in Jane which
she herself had suffered.

"I've not just come to pay you a visit, Jane, my dear," she said. "I've
come in the place of your grandmother who's dead, to take you away with

"Whatever for?" exclaimed Burton, loudly. "Do you think I can't make her
comfortable? She's never been so happy in her life, have you, Jane?"

"No!" returned Jane, very red. "And I don't see what Miss Hilton's got
to do with it anyway."

"No more don't I," returned Burton, with a laugh. "But let's hear what
she's got to say about it. So you want Jane to go back to starving at
dressmaking, Miss Hilton? She's a lot more comfortable here, I can tell
you. She's got a servant, and she can have her dresses made out. She's
no need to do anything but fancy work."

"It's the sin of a good, respectable girl taking such things for a
price," interrupted Anne, "and of you, Mr Burton, to entice her to it,
and keep her like this. It's not on _you_ the judgment'll fall, but on
_her_. How's she to face the neighbours and everybody she's known from a
child when you've done with her?"

"I've not done with her yet by a good way," said Burton. "Don't you
worry yourself, Miss Hilton."

"You're a man of money and position, and a newcomer in the
neighbourhood," went on Anne, "and the neighbours are afraid to say
anything before you. But they say plenty about Jane, whom they've known
all their life. Young people she used to play with talk of her with
shame, and when you've finished with her she'll not have a friend to go

"But I tell you I've not done with her yet, and shan't for many a good
while," repeated Burton. "I dare say she'll be tired first if it comes
to that."

"Can you ever give her back what you've taken from her?" asked Anne
breathlessly, trying to pierce the self-confidence she did not

"Well, it was something like slaving all one day and then starving the
next before," said Burton, "and she lives like a lady now. You should
just see the fancy-work she gets through--no dressmaking now!"

Anne turned to Jane, who was sitting flushed and resentfully embarrassed
in the satin armchair, looking expectantly to Richard to see her
through, shocked, too, and ready to cry at this first contact and
opinion of her neighbours upon her doings.

"Where's your sister Lizzie, Jane?" she asked.

"Out at service," replied Jane, unwillingly, fidgetting with her hands
and feet.

"So your coming here has meant that _she's_ got no home," said Anne.

"She could have had one if she'd liked," said Burton. "The house is big
enough for us all."

"Thank God for His protecting grace!" said Anne, "she was able to resist
the temptation."

"She'd have had to go out to service in any case," said Jane,
spitefully; "the neighbours was so very kind to two girls."

"Jane, I knew your grandmother," said Anne, "and I know how hard she had
to work to keep you two girls respectably dressed and cared for. I know
you think I'm an interfering, peculiar woman and an old maid, but your
grandmother was no old maid. She lost your mother who'd have worked and
kept her when she was old, and instead of having an arm to lean on,
she'd to work morning, noon, and night, to give you two girls a home.
She was working when other people was sleeping. It's better even to go
to the Union than to do as you've done."

Jane, after twisting her fingers together, pulled out her handkerchief
with a jerk and began to cry, thus rousing the indolent anger of Richard
Burton, who, with a blustering tone, as though he wanted to shout down
an opponent, burst out--

"Well, she's here now and she's not going away. And you can tell the
kind neighbours that we can look after ourselves without their
assistance. And as for them good girls that used to play with Jane, I
know several who wouldn't have been slow to take the place. _I'll_ look
after Jane all right. And we're much obliged for your visit, Miss
Hilton," he continued, ironically. "We can spare you for quite a long
time now. You can save yourself the walk another time. If you want to be
home for dinner-time, you'd better be starting, don't you think?"

Anne rose stiffly, limping with rheumatism.

"Jane love, come with me," she said; "I can shelter you for a time, I
can give you--"

"No I won't," retorted Jane, petulantly, turning her back.

Anne went slowly out of the room. Richard Burton accompanied her with
offensive heartiness.

"Well, good morning, Miss Hilton," he said, opening the door with the
stained glass window, and stepping into the red-tiled porch, he looked
up at the sky. "I believe it's stopped raining--all the better for your
rheumatism, eh? Well! give my love to the neighbours you think so much
of," he shouted with a laugh, and shut the door. Anne opened the wooden
gate with brass nails, and shutting it behind her stood again in the
dripping lane.


The stirring of anger at Richard Burton's callousness gave way almost at
once to a feeling of fatigue and defeat as she started on her return
home, and a persistent image of Jane, a little girl playing
skipping-ropes in red stockings, kept coming before her eyes. One or two
gigs passed her, splashing among the pools of the road. The birds began
to sing with a clarity as sweet as that of the purified air. There was
still a tinkling of running water from every side, but the clouds were
in shreds, and patches of blue sky were uncovered here and there.

Three-quarters of the way to her home she passed a fair sized cottage,
in front of which a tall grey-haired woman was sweeping the standing
water from the path with a yard brush. She stopped brushing as she heard
footsteps and looked over the gate.

"Why, it's Miss Hilton," she exclaimed. "What a wet walk you've had.
Come in and stop a bit before you go further," she said, with the
eagerness of an active, talkative woman, who had seen no one to speak to
all day. She took the drenched umbrella and set it on its end in the
doorway, and Anne, tired, hot, and discouraged, sat down gladly on the
chair she offered her.

It was a comfortable kitchen, full of furniture, and bearing evident
signs of men in the house. There were hats hanging behind the door and
two guns over the fireplace. Such furniture as was placed there must
have been long ago settled in its position. No one could mistake the
room for that of young people. There was something in the multitude of
worn objects, their solidity, their position in the room, each
accommodating the other so that one could think of no other place for
any of them, in the polish which had worn into the heart of the wood by
constant rubbing which betrayed the presence and passage of many people
through the room for many years; a used, comfortable, taken-care-of
appearance, very pleasant to feel around one, a room from which one
would not easily take oneself away at night and which seemed to Anne
Hilton to set around her the company of many cheerful people.

Mrs Crowther was too much occupied with her own affairs, and too eager
to talk to enquire what had brought Anne Hilton that way. She was a
tall, spare, robust woman, the mother of nine children, all grown up and
well placed. She was a "worker." She had considered the bearing and
rearing of her children as a piece of work to be done, in the same way
in which she looked upon the spring-cleaning of her house. It had been
done to her satisfaction, and done well. She had had little time for
sentiment in her married life, but now, still active, strong, and with
only the work of her house and garden, the meals for her four sons who
still lived at home, and their mending and washing, she had leisure to
express her opinions, and always having been obliged to hold her
imagination within the visible realities of life and death, with which
all her life had been concerned, she had arrived at a definiteness of
judgment, and an honesty of speech which one frequently finds among
women of her class out of reach of poverty, but not beyond the necessity
of work. Her husband was not a country man, but had come from a town
florist's to work with a nurseryman about two miles distant. She began
to tell Anne Hilton how they had first come to the country.

"There was _my_ mother first and then _his_, both at us. First _one_
said, 'You don't know what it is to live in the country, you that have
been used to going about under the gas-lamps at night'; and then the
_other_, 'You don't know what it is to be shut in to the lamp at night
and have no one but your two selves to look at.' It was always the same.
'You don't know what it is,' or 'You'll be lonely.' And Thomas and I
always said the same thing back. 'Well,' we said, 'we can but try.'
Well, we _did_ try, and we found that cottage up Somer's Lane, and when
I came with him the first day I began to think, what if my mother was
right. It was so silent as if something was going to happen. I kept
looking out of the window to see if it was, but nothing did, and the
next morning his mother came down with the bedding and the five children
we had then, and I've never felt lonely since. Nine children, all
living, keep you on your feet."

"Be thankful they've all turned out well," said Anne, with a sigh,
thinking of the house she had left.

"Trust 'em! that's what _I_ say," returned Mrs Crowther. "Plenty of
good, plain food, and plenty of good, warm, woollen underclothing, and
there'll not go much wrong with their bodies, and trust 'em for their
characters. I was talking to Mrs Hankworth the other day--she's done
better than me, she's had twelve--'I never was one for much whipping,'
she said. 'I never found you did much good by it. You can break the
spirit of a horse by whipping, but you can't change its character. Give
'em all plenty of occupation at home, and they'll not want to go out in
the evenings.' I was glad to hear her say so, for I've always felt like
that myself. There was Ted had his fret-saw, and William was always one
for making collections of butterflies or birds' eggs, and John was
always one for politics. He'd sit reading any newspaper he could get
hold of, and arguing with his father. I always knew he'd not stop in the
country. He was always for the things that was doing in the town at
meetings and unions, and he took no interest in farming or country work.
It was always railways or politics with him. He was the first to go,"
said Mrs Crowther, her face taking that fixed serious expression,
betraying the inward attitude which in another woman would have meant
tears. "You've a lot of work to do when they're little, but you can shut
the door at night and know they're all inside with you; but there's a
day comes to gentle as well as simple, when you shut the door at night
and some of them's outside. Sometimes you wake in the night and you
wonder if there's anything more you could have done for 'em, and you vex
yourself a lot more over them when they've gone from you than you ever
do when they're with you. You have a feeling when they're at home, that
if they want you you're there. But it's another matter when they can't
get at you for all their wanting or yours either for that matter."

"Be thankful you've been spared the sorrow of one going astray," said
Anne. "It's a proud thing to have a lot of sons all honest, good men."

As if she had divined Anne's thoughts, or something in her words had
suggested it to her, Mrs Crowther said suddenly--

"You've heard about that Burton getting hold of Jane Evans, have you?"

"I've just come back from there now," said Anne. "I only heard of it the
other day, and I went to see if I could get her away. I blame myself
sadly for its having happened."

"He's a bad effect in the country, that Burton, with his horses and
money," said Mrs Crowther decidedly. "It's bad for young men to see
money got so easily. He doesn't drink, I fancy. At least I said to
Matthew, 'What's wrong with that Burton, does he drink?' 'No,' he says.
'At least, I don't think so,' he says; 'but he takes it out in eating.
He's an easy liver,' he says. And what a foolish girl that is to give
away her character for a man like him. If she was in trouble she might
have come to any of us, and we'd have done anything in reason."

"I suppose that was just it," said Anne. "He was there before we were
ready, and the poor girl thought he was her only friend."

"Well! she's a foolish girl," repeated Mrs Crowther, in the tone of one
who having young people to protect could take no part in excuses. "Why,
there's that young Wilkinson, that's booking-clerk at the station, said
to our John, 'I was a bit sweet on that girl myself,' he said, 'but if
that's the sort she is, I'm not having any.' He's a bit conceited, and
thinks a lot of his clothes, but he's steady enough. Had she the face to
come and see you when you went?" she added with curiosity.

"I saw them both," said Anne, sadly. "She's quite under his influence. I
can't do much for her now. Perhaps she'll come of her own accord if we
show her we're her friends."

"Well, I don't know as you can ever do much for people that will have
their own way."

"If she isn't driven any further--" began Anne.

"I don't know," said Mrs Crowther, with emphasis; "you _must_ make a
difference. There's plenty of girls kept themselves decent who were just
as poor, and if everybody's to be treated the same, no matter how they
behave, it's very hard on _them_. I don't believe in that sort o' thing.
If you do wrong you must bear the consequences, or what's the good of
keeping honest. It's confusing to young people to get such ideas, and it
does a lot of harm, Miss Hilton. You never had any young people to bring
up. It's _that_ that alters your mind about those things. There's our
William. He's not one for saying much. He's one of the old-fashioned
kind. He's a kind of serious way of talking. Many a time we laugh at
him, and say, 'For goodness sake, do stir up and laugh a bit.' I says to
him privately, 'What do you think of it, William?' 'I've no respect for
her whatever,' he says. 'If a sister of mine was to go that way, she'd
have seen the last of her brother.' That's how they think you see, Miss
Hilton, and you can't say they shouldn't."

"I suppose not," replied Anne, wearily. "Nobody seems to get any nearer
not judging their neighbours after all this time."

"Well, you can't make the world over again, however you try," said Mrs
Crowther. "You've to take things as you find 'em, and make the best of
'em. It's hard enough for them that's kept straight without petting them
that's weak and foolish enough to go wrong. You'll never be able to
alter it, Miss Hilton, so you better take it so."

"I can't do anything more at present," said Anne; "but I must be getting
home again. The pony'll be wondering what's become of me. I'm very much
obliged to you for the rest, Mrs Crowther. You don't think it's raining
now, do you?"

"No! I don't think so!" said Mrs Crowther. "How's Mary, Miss Hilton?
She'll have been sadly hindered with all this rain. They put off two
cricket-matches this week. They're not playing football yet, or else the
weather wouldn't matter so much. They say the wet weather keeps their
joints supple. It's the dry weather and frost that's so hard to play in.
Ted's always one for a lot of sport, specially football. Such a mess as
he comes home sometimes. 'You must clean your own clothes,' I always
says to him. We have a joke at him, that when he wins one of these
competitions (he's always one for going in for these guessing
competitions that promises such a lot of money if you put in an odd word
somewhere). He's always bound to win every time he goes in, and we tell
him that when he wins it, he can keep a servant to clean his trousers
after every football match. 'I shan't let any of you have any of it you
don't take care,' he says; 'I'll be laughing at you before long, see if
I'm not. Wait till you all come asking for rides on my motor-bike;
what'll you say then?' he says. 'Eh!' says his father, 'I shall say
there's more fools in the world than one!' Well Miss Hilton, good
morning; I'm very glad to see you any time. I'm alone a good lot now,
you know. It's not like it was once with children all round the kitchen.
I'm glad of a bit of company now sometimes. Why, it's beautiful now!"
she concluded, opening the door and stepping out in front of Anne,
looking round the sky with eyes which blinked a little under the strong


Next day at daybreak the country was whitened by a light mist. The birds
sang incessantly with long ecstatic calling from throats which had drunk
the air of the dawn and retained something of its quality. Coolness
refreshed the day and strengthened the eyes, and one's ears were opened
to hear from every side the chorus which in a more varied landscape one
took as a part of the glittering moving world outside the house.

Anne unbolted the house-door. The dog rose from the hearth and stretched
itself slowly, yawning and shutting its mouth with a snap. Then it
walked to the door, waiting until it was dragged open grating on the
sand of the floor. The cool morning air came in like a visitor. The old
dog pushed against Anne as she stepped outside, sneezed, yawned again,
and lay down in the sunshine to finish his nap.

"Haven't you had enough sleep yet, Lion?" said Anne. "Look, what a
beautiful day it is! Why, there's Mary on the road already," she added,
looking over the low gate.

Mary was coming straight down the middle of the road, her
black-and-white terrier sniffing on all sides and pulling the cord by
which she held him. When he perceived the presence of the other dog he
began to advance by leaps, uttering little yelps between each like a
child's jumping toy. Lion, with the superiority of a larger dog, raised
himself without hurry and advanced to meet the terrier, who excitedly
whined and sniffed about him.

"Good morning," said Anne, "you're out early."

"Yes," replied Mary, standing quite still in the position in which she
had halted. "I came over the fields. The grass is very wet though.
There's a mist, surely."

"Yes, a thick one," said Anne, "but the sun's coming through. Listen to
the birds. Did you ever hear anything like them?"

"I was out collecting the eggs at five o'clock this morning," returned
Mary, "and I think I never heard them so busy. The earth was all a-hum
with them. They seemed as though they _must_ be listened to, whatever

Both women stood listening.

"I came this way because I was going to leave my shilling for Lord
Axton's wedding present," said Mary, after a moment's silence.

"Did they come and ask _you_ for one?" said Anne. "I think they ought to
be ashamed of themselves."

"There's been some grumbling about it," said Mary. "I think myself the
agent should have left it to those who wanted. I suppose we could have
said No, but nobody likes to. It isn't as if people like them want any
wedding presents we can give them, and a shilling means a lot to some

"It's the agent that wants to make a show," said Anne. "I think
sometimes that if those rich people knew how their wedding presents were
procured," she went on in the stilted manner habitual to her when
wishing to express a formal thought, "they would find little pleasure in

"Mr Burton's given L10," said Mary. "They'll have a good sum." She
paused, distrustful.

Mary, who was known to all the country side, and who could do nothing
secretly, seldom spoke of the affairs of her neighbours. Whether she was
by nature a little taciturn, or whether her blindness, before which so
much passed unobserved, which cut her off from the possibility of
forming a judgment, had increased her natural modesty and diffidence,
she drew back into silence where others were discussed. But the actual
difficulties of living, which she daily and silently surmounted, brought
her so closely into touch with reality that she invariably saw, not the
fault or its circumstances, but the practical difficulties issuing from
it. But she had unthinkingly stumbled upon the scandal, and she went on,
"I was sorry to hear of Jane Evans forgetting herself like she has."

"Poor girl," said Anne; "she seems so certain that it'll last. What was
so sad to me, was that a girl brought up as she was by her grandmother
should have so little sense of her position."

"She's happy, I suppose," said Mary, "and there's no need to look
further. She'll find it hard to earn a living if he gets tired of her."

"He's not an ill-natured man," said Anne. "You feel as though if he'd
been brought up to have a respect for good behaviour he wouldn't have
got loose so easily. He thinks he's doing a generous thing, and giving
Jane a good time, without thinking what the result must be to her good
character. He doesn't like to see people unhappy, as he calls
unhappiness. He hasn't learnt the results of sin in his own experience,
and won't look at them in others. He kept on telling me she'd got a
servant of her own, and needn't do anything but fancy-work. They'd
neither of them hear anything I could say. I can't understand how they
came to know one another at the beginning. It seems to have come about
without anyone's knowing till it was too late."

"He seems a joking sort of man," said Mary. "Once he came up to buy a
paper, and gave me half a sovereign instead of sixpence to change, and
when I told him he'd made a mistake he laughed a lot, and said he wanted
to know if I could tell the difference. He never sees me now without
speaking of it and laughing."

"Yes," said Anne; "he's fond of rough jokes of his own making, and
thinks that giving people material things makes them happy," she
continued in her bookish manner. "I remember just such another man as
him, a boisterous sort of man, whose old father was dying, who took the
old man out to look at a new grand-stand they were making. Poor old man!
It was pitiful to see him in the presence of eternity, looking at a new

"I suppose, being as I am," said Mary, "there's a lot of temptations
been spared to me."

"I wish we were all as kind and charitable as you," said Anne. "I never
heard you say a hard thing of anybody all the years I've known you."


Winter hastens his pace when the harvest is gathered, and it was one of
those serene winter days on which, if one sat in a sheltered place full
of sunshine, one might believe that the spring had begun; as if winter,
secure in his domination of the frozen earth, could afford to relax his
vigour and admit the approaches of the sun, like a playful child whom
one could banish at will. A line of white clouds, with purple bases,
were drawn about the horizon, standing like anger, as it were, within
call. The sky on every side was of that deep transparency seen after
many days of rain. The colours of the earth and grass were deepened and
intense from the same cause. In many places in the fields, sheets of
water showed above the grass, vivid as a wet rock just washed by the sea
and colour hidden at other times glowed from the steeped ground.
Villages and houses showed from a great distance as if some obscuring
medium had been removed, and the remote country lay a deep band of
indigo beneath the horizon, like a distant sea escaping under a light
and infinite heaven.

Anne Hilton set off after the evening milking to visit a bed-ridden
woman of her acquaintance who lived in a cottage in one of the numerous
by-lanes intersecting the now bared fields. She was a woman who had lain
many years in the kitchen, whose narrow, hot space was all she saw of
the world. She was not a cheerful invalid, but peevish and querulous.
The irritation with which she always lived, waking from sleep to be at
once aware of it, and to know no pause during her waking hours, had worn
away a temperament which might almost have been gay. At very rare
intervals Anne had heard her laugh, and the laugh had such a note of
gaiety in it that she surmised the nature that had been, as it were,
knawed thin by this never-sleeping worm. It was pity for something
imprisoned and smothered which made Anne a steadfast friend to the
unhappy woman, whose other friends had long tired of her incessant
complaints and down-cast mind.

Elizabeth Richardson had never any hesitation in expressing her
opinions, and Anne had scarcely seated herself by the bed of the
unfortunate woman, whose harrowed face told of the torment within, than
she began to ask questions of the disgrace of Jane Evans, whom, she had
heard, was to have a child to crown all. But contrary to Anne's
expectations the bed-ridden woman was friendly to the girl. The habit of
neglect and scarcely-veiled impatience with which she had for many years
been treated, and of which she had been fully and silently aware, had
produced in her tortured mind an exasperated rebellion against the
opinions of her neighbours, who were unable to see anything beyond their
own comfort. She knew that she had so much the worst of it; that even
attending perfunctorily to another's human necessity was not so hard a
task as to be there day after day in the company of a pain which never
ceased, and beneath whose increasing shadow the world had slowly

"They're all afraid of the trouble to themselves about the girl," she
said, with her bitter intonation. "They're afraid they'll be called on
to do something for her sooner or later."

She turned over with a groan, lying still and worried.

"Have you tried a bag of hot salt?" asked Anne, after a few minutes'

"Yes! I tried once or twice," replied the woman, "but you know it's a
bit of extra trouble, and no one likes that."

"If you could tell me where to get a bit of red flannel I'll make one
for you now," said Anne.

"The bag's here," said the woman, her face drawn and her mouth gasping.
She tried to feel under the pillow.

"Lie you still. I'll get it," said Anne. She drew out a bag of red
flannel, evidently the remnant of an old flannel petticoat, for the tuck
still remained like a grotesque attempt at ornament across the middle of
the bag. The salt slid heavily to one end as Anne drew it out.

"The oven's still warm," she said opening the door and putting her hand
inside. "I'll just slip it in for a few minutes."

"Well," said the woman, "there's not many cares about a bad-tempered,
bed-ridden woman, but you're one of them that's been kind. I don't _say_
much, but I _know_."

"You make me nearly cry," said Anne, drawing the bag out of the oven and
feeling its temperature. Holding it against her chest, as if to keep in
its heat, she drew back the bed-clothes and unbuttoned the flannelette
night-gown of the invalid, laying the poultice against her wasted side.
The woman gave a sob and lay still for a minute.

"It's a lot better," she said.

"Perhaps you could sleep a bit," suggested Anne.

"I'd like a cup o' tea," said the woman, "but it's a lot of trouble.
Can't you look where you're going!" she broke out impatiently, as Anne,
turning quickly, caught her foot in the chair, overturning it with a
crash. "You made me jump so."

"Well, I am sorry," said Anne, humbly.

"Never mind," said the bed-ridden woman, her impatience exhausted. At
that moment the door opened with a bang and a stout, middle-aged woman
entered noisily.

"What a noise you make!" said the bed-ridden woman peevishly. "You're
getting too fat."

"Fat people's better-tempered than thin ones," retorted the other
carelessly. "Good evening, Miss Hilton! Has she been telling you all
she's got to put up with more than other people?"

"Well now," returned Anne with decisive heartiness, "I don't think we've
been speaking about herself at all, except to express gratitude for a
very little service that I did her. We've spent a pleasant hour

"I'm glad to hear it," said the woman, going to the fire and rattling
the irons noisily between the bars.

"You noisy thing. Can't you make a less din!" said the bed-ridden woman,
biting her lip.

"Other people's got to live in the house besides you," said the woman.
"If you want so much attention, you know where you can get it."

The bed-ridden woman shut her eyes and lay still at this threat of the
workhouse, that confession of failure, in a world where ability to work
becomes a kind of morality, and lack of physical strength to procure the
means of subsistence a moral downfall. She was a burden, but a burden
against her will, and her pride, the only luxury of the poor and the one
most often wrested from them, rose in a futile resistance. It must come
to that she knew. She knew that she could not be less comfortable or
more neglected, but her shelter would be gone, and she would be
acknowledged publicly a failure.

When this last pride is taken away, there sometimes appears a kind of
patience which is not really that of despair, but which is nearer to
that attained by great saints after long effort and discipline--the
mental equilibrium which is the result of desire quenched, of
expectation for further good for oneself at an end. What the saints
attain by a painful and mortifying life, the poor receive as a gift from
the tender mercies of the world, receiving also the passionate pity of
Jesus, "Blessed be ye poor, for yours is the kingdom of heaven."

"If she could only work as she used, and be 'beholden' to nobody." She
sighed and lay still, her mind an abyss of bitterness.

The stout newcomer, step-daughter to the unfortunate woman, turned to
Anne, jerking her head backwards to indicate the other woman in bed with
an expression of satisfaction which said quite plainly, "That's the way
to settle _her_." Then she ignored her totally, except that she moved as
noisily, and spoke as loudly as she could.

She was a rather pre-possessing woman, with bold eyes and an obstinate
mouth. There was, so to speak, "no nonsense about her." She was one of
those women of coarse fibre, whose chief diversion consists in annoying
the sensibilities of others. They exist more frequently in the
middleclass than among the poor, whose common dependence teaches them
forebearance if not pity, but they exist also among the poor, more
terrible if not more merciless. Such women almost always find material
to torment close at hand. Sometimes in the form of a dependent relative,
sometimes a servant-girl, sometimes a weakly daughter, and this constant
wreaking of a contemptuous spite upon one object produces a
self-satisfaction which is mistaken for cheerfulness, an inward pleasure
in hatred, which appears outwardly as good-humour.

The indignation which always awoke in Anne at the sight and expression
of injustice flared suddenly upwards. Facing the still satisfied woman,
who now drew a chair across the flagged floor with the screech of its
wooden legs upon the stone, she said:

"How can _you_, a strong, active woman, take pleasure in worrying a sick
and ailing fellow-creature. Suppose you were in her place. How can you
expect to find mercy from God in the day of judgment if you have no
mercy on others?"

The woman stared incredulously, and then broke into a loud laugh.

"And I thought you was such a quiet piece. Fancy spitting out like
that." Then her brutality of temper asserted itself.

"_I've_ nothing to do with the day of judgment. I don't see why I should
be called to look after a woman with the temper of a vixen that wants to
be a spoiled darling. The Union's made for such as her and she ought to
be in it. It's just her spite that keeps her out."

"Have you no pity?" said Anne. "_You_ may not always be strong and
able-bodied. The day may come when _you_ need help and comfort, and how
will you deserve it from God, if you torment your unfortunate sister in
this way!"

The woman's answer was a laugh.

"You're as queer as they make 'em," she said, with a slow, impudent
stare from Anne's out-of-date immense bonnet to her elastic-sided boots,
as if looking for a point at which she might begin to torment a new
victim. But Anne's sensibilities lay far beyond her understanding.

"Have you wore out all your grandmother's clothes yet?" she demanded
with her contemptuous, impudent look, "you're a proper figure of fun in
that bonnet!"

"Be quiet and be done with it, you coarse lump!" interrupted the
bed-ridden woman in so loud and authoritative a tone that the woman
turned slowly and stupidly round to look at her. "This time next week
I'll be in the Union and you'll have no one to torment. You can make
arrangements when you like, the sooner the better."

"All right! it can't be too soon for me," retorted the woman with her
incessant, stupid laugh, which this time did not hide the fact that she
had received a shock at this taking of affairs out of her hands. "But
perhaps you'd rather I didn't do it since you've so many friends."

"No, you needn't bother yourself about me," said the bed-ridden woman.
"I'll have done with you soon."

"_Couldn't_ you?" said Anne, turning to face the woman and speaking with
great earnestness, and as always, when moved, with great preciseness.
"_Couldn't_ you for this last week do your best to be considerate and
kind? A week is not a very long portion of eternity. It is so painful to
think of two people separating for ever in hatred. You _have_ one week
left. Could you not make the most of it?"

"It's a week too much!" said the woman, with careless brutality. "Are
you always so fond of making long calls?" she added, staring at Anne.

Anne turned to the bed-ridden woman, saying, "On Thursday I shall be
going in to market and I'll call at the Union Infirmary and see the
Matron. I think you'll be better looked after there and have peace and

"It couldn't be worse than this," said the woman. "I think perhaps I've
been foolish to stay here so long."

"I'll see the Matron for you on Thursday," said Anne. "Good-bye."

"Good-bye, and thank you," returned the sick woman, turning wearily away
from her fellow-lodger and settling down to the silence and endurance in
which she habitually lived.

"Good afternoon, Mrs Wright," said Anne to the other woman as she opened
the door. The woman stared in a way meant to put Anne out of
countenance, making no reply, while Anne, going outside, shut the door
gently behind her.


For three months Anne had prayed constantly for Jane. Living alone in an
orderly and quiet house with one window open towards her Invisible
Friend, she had spoken with Him of her desire for Jane's recovery, until
it appeared to her that He too must yearn as she did for this definite
thing. Elizabeth Richardson had been removed to the Infirmary and was at
peace, so that Anne's thoughts were of little else than Jane and her
re-instatement in the country. It was not the chagrin of the failure of
her visit to Burton's house which troubled her, but her helplessness. If
she went again she could do no more than plead as she had done before.
But it might be that the girl had by this time felt her need of outside
friends. It was fully three months ago. As Anne was returning from the
nearest village one afternoon in the solemn winter sunshine, she
determined suddenly to pay a second visit to Jane. And she would try to
be less hard on Burton, which would perhaps draw Jane to her. It might
be that she needed a friend by now. Half a mile from her own cottage she
came to a three-cornered patch of the way where several roads met. By
one side was a pond with two posts painted white as a mark for drivers
at night-time. The sloping edge of the pond was trodden into mud by the
feet of horses stopping to drink, and as Anne, crossing the road to
avoid the mud, arrived opposite one of the posts, she saw a bill posted
upon it announcing a sale.

"I must see what it is," she said. "Perhaps it's something for Mary."
She read the heading. "Sale of Bankrupt Stock."

"It seems to be nothing but horses," she said as she read the list. Two
men carrying forks on their shoulders came at that moment from the
Ashley Road and joined her, looking over her shoulder at the bill.

"I heard about it this morning," said one. "I thought he couldn't last
long at that rate. It was always spending and making a show."

"There was someone else in it," said the other. "They say Burton's done
a moonlight flitting and gone to America."

Anne, whose thoughts had been engrossed by a new opportunity for Mary,
became aware of calamity of a new sort. She turned to the men.

"What has happened?" she asked, though even as she spoke she had grasped
it all. The man, a young, fair-haired man of twenty-six, with great
breadth of chest and long straight legs, answered with the willingness
of a countryman to spread news.

"Why, that Richard Burton's gone bankrupt and made a bolt. They say
it'll take the house as well as the horses to pay it all up. The
bailiffs was in to-day as I passed taking it all down. It's a bad job
for _somebody_, I heard," he said winking at the other man. He, glancing
at Anne, looked embarrassed and pretended not to see.

"Can either of you tell me where the girl who was living there has gone?
Is she still there?" she asked the latter man.

"Not she!" answered the former.

"They say she walked in the night to Ashley Union," said the elder man.
"She's there now and nobody saw her go, so I suppose she must have done.
It's a good eight miles of a walk."

"Do her good," said the younger man; and they began to discuss the list
and quality of the horses for sale.

Anne walked on. It had come then, and sooner than it was looked for.
Jane's fancy-work and "lady-like" life seemed like the play-things of a
baby by the side of a scaffold, as helpless and as foolish.

"I was going to the Union to-morrow anyway for Elizabeth Richardson,"
said Anne, as she unlocked her door, trying not to see Jane Evans
walking all alone, with no new house or protector, through the darkness
of which she was afraid, to the formidable iron gate of the Union.


In the afternoon of the following day Anne entered the common room of
the Infirmary. In this large room, with high windows spotlessly clean, a
fireplace at one end in which a sufficiently generous fire was burning,
and before which were two wicker cradles; women for the most part in
extreme old age of body rather than years were sitting in every possible
attitude on the wooden seat which ran round the wall on three sides of
the room. At the far end, near the fire, a blind woman was knitting
men's stockings. Two very old women sat with their chins in their hands
and heads bent, motionless, neither hearing nor seeing anything outward.
Three others, their white pleated caps nodding at different angles, were
making aprons. A young woman with a healthy but sullen face was nursing
a large baby. Another, younger, but early-developed, as girls are in the
country, sat nearest the fire, a shawl half off her shoulders, her foot
rocking one of the cradles. There seemed no trace of coarseness in her
face, refined now by illness and days indoors; only an infinite
ignorance and bewilderment. She seemed not more than seventeen. The tone
of the Matron in speaking to her was not unkind, but had in it the
mixture of impatience and contempt, which sensible middle-aged women
have for foolish girls who can't look after themselves. There was, too,
unknown to herself, for she would have looked upon herself as a kind
woman, a slight feeling of satisfaction that, though the silly girl was
sheltered in this place and everyone was kind to her, she'd find out
what it meant to get herself in that state when she went outside. In the
meantime, being really kind, if sensible, she said.

"Keep your shawl over your shoulders, Maggie. You mustn't catch cold
your first day out of bed!"

"She doesn't look fit for much does she?" said the other young mother
contemptuously. "Ten days and then to be as washed out as that."

One of the old women, who had remained motionless, got up slowly and
stretched out her hand, pointing at the girl vindictively.

"That girl's next the fire! That was _my_ place before she come."

"Oh, you're all right, mother," said the Matron cheerfully, pushing her
gently back to her seat. The old woman mumbled to herself as she sank
back into the same stupor, in the midst of which she brooded on her
grievance. The other old woman began in a hard, high voice without
raising her head:

"That's the way they do in this place. Push out the old ones."

"Now you two don't begin talking and grumbling," interrupted the Matron
decidedly. "You're as well treated as anyone else."

At this moment Anne made a movement in the corner where she had stood
unnoticed. From every bench withered hands were thrust at her, some
grasping her arm, some her mantle, some were held open at her face.

"Give me a ha'penny--just a ha'penny!" screamed a dozen old voices. "A
ha'penny! Spare a ha'penny!"

"Now then," interrupted the Matron, taking two of the women and leading
them back to their places. "What good would a ha'penny do to _any_ of
you?" She touched two other women, and they retired grumbling to their
seats, all except one tall, bony old creature, with a frightful palsy,
who kept hold of Anne by the arm, repeating in a voice which was more
like an angry scream than the whisper which her deaf ears imagined it to

"Those other women'll all beg from you. They'd take the bread out of
anybody's mouth. Give me a ha'penny Missis, only a ha'penny," and her
avaricious, bony hand pinched Anne's arm tightly as though she already
clutched the coin. The Matron, using both her own hands, unfastened her
hands as she might have done a knot. The old woman shook with rage and
palsy, and fell rather than sat down on her seat under the flowering
geraniums in the window.

"Now, I _knew_ there was somebody strange in the room," said the blind
woman. "Just let me have a look at her."

She tucked her knitting needles into her apron-string. She had been for
many years in the workhouse infirmary, where she knitted and repaired
the thick stockings worn by the inmates. She had become a kind of pride
of the ward. Beyond the misfortune of her blindness she had no defect,
and her mind was alert and cheerful.

"She calls it 'looking,'" said the Matron with a laugh. "Just you see
her knitting, Miss Hilton. She's re-footing those stockings. See if you
can tell where she's patched them." She took up a bright blue stocking
from the bench. The blind woman took the other end and felt it

"That's not _my_ work," she said with amused contempt. "It's too like
patchwork. Here's mine."

Anne took the stocking and looked. "It's beautiful," she said. "I could
never have told there was a join." The blind woman's hand touched her
arm and wandered slowly upwards, over her face and neck and head.

"I've not seen you before, have I?" she said. "No, I don't think I

The Matron had already turned to leave the room. Anne, held by the blind
woman, looked again round the big room with its clean floor and battered
inmates. The uneventful peace broken by the bickering of the old women,
the babies bringing a double burden to their mothers, the blind woman,
to whom all days were alike, seemed to be imprisoned for ever.

She followed the Matron into the courtyard. Several men in bottle-green
corduroys loitered there, and a tiny old woman shrivelled and imbecile,
who ran to Anne the moment she appeared, holding her skirts high to her
knees, skipping on one foot and then on the other.

"I'll dance for a ha'penny! I'll dance for a ha'penny!" she whined.

"Go on! dance, old lady," said one of the men who was carrying an empty
drawer, which had just been scrubbed, to dry in the sunshine of the
yard. He set it down, end upwards, and stood expectantly. The two other
men paused also.

"Go on! Aren't you going to begin?" said one of them.

"She's a funny old thing, this one," said the Matron to Anne, stopping
to watch, as the old woman, holding her skirts to her knees, her clogs
clacking, and with a smile of imbecility fixed on her face, began to hop
from one thin leg to the other, stamping slowly round on her heels in
the artless manner of a child. All at once she stopped, and, pulling up
her apron, put a corner of it in her mouth, hanging her head and

"They're all looking at me, all them men," she giggled. "Fancy me
dancing with all them men looking." One of the men broke into a laugh,
which was changed immediately into an attack of asthma.

"Dance again, old lady!" called a younger man, with the effects of hard
drinking visible in his face.

The shrunken and pitiful figure revolved several times, stamping on her
heels, then stopped with the same grotesque coquetry.

"She's a funny old thing, isn't she?" said the Matron to Anne. "She
gives us many a laugh."

"It's too humbling to look at. I cannot laugh," said Anne. "Poor old
thing, to have come to that."

"She doesn't know, you know," said the Matron. "You're wasting your
pity. They're most of them better off in the infirmary here than they
were outside. You've no idea what a dirty state _she_ was found in for

"It's the painfulness of such a sight--age without honour," repeated

"I've no time to think of that sort of thing," replied the Matron, as
they began to ascend the wide stairs to the bed rooms, a woman, who was
scrubbing the steps with sand, standing aside to let them pass.

Several women were sitting up in bed, with starched night-caps nodding
at different angles. Over the fireplace was a lithograph of Queen
Victoria giving the Bible as the source of England's greatness to an
Indian potentate, and beneath it, sitting very still in a large
armchair, was Jane Evans staring into the fire. She was very quiet,
broken, and helplessly docile. Her stillness was alarming. She seemed to
be already dead in spirit. Even the child soon to be separated from her
scarcely concerned her. She was quite neat. Thin and fatigued as her
face was, she did not appear to have suffered greatly in health.

"Jane, my dear, I've not come to blame you," began Anne, "I've come to
see if there's anything I can do to make it easier for you to face the
future and what's coming. I only heard of you coming here by accident or
you shouldn't have been left alone. You mustn't think everybody's
forsaken you and you've no friend left to you. It's often the case that
you know your true friends in trouble," she continued sententiously.
"And if only you could find the best Friend of all now when you need Him
most." Her prim phrasing changed to earnestness. "There was a woman once

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