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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

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>lFhtan; pref. >O (cf. Goth. usO, G. erO, orig. meaning out)
+ lFhtan, to alight, orig. to render light, to remove a
burden from, fr. lFht, leoht, light. See Light, v. i.] 1. To
spring down, get down, or descend, as from on horseback or
from a carriage; to dismount.
2. To descend and settle, lodge, rest, or stop; as, a flying
bird alights on a tree; snow alights on a roof.
3. To come or chance (upon). [R.]
AOlight6, a. [Pref. aO + light.] Lighted; lighted up; in a
flame. =The lamps were alight.8
AOlign6 (?), v. t. [F. aligner; (L. ad) + ligne (L. linea)
line. See Line, and cf. Allineate.] To adjust or form to a
line; to range or form in line; to bring into line; to
AOlign6, v. t. To form in line; to fall into line.
AOlign6ment (?), n. [F. alignement.] 1. The act of adjusting
to a line; arrangement in a line or lines; the state of
being so adjusted; a formation in a straight line; also, the
line of adjustment; esp., an imaginary line to regulate the
formation of troops or of a squadron.
2. (Engin.) The groundOplan of a railway or other road, in
distinction from the grades or profile.
AOlike6 (?), a. [AS. onlFc, gelFc; pref. > + like.] Having
resemblance or similitude; similar; without difference. [Now
used only predicatively.]
The darkness and the light are both alike to thee.
Ps. cxxxix. 12.
AOlike6, adv. [AS. gelFce, onlFce.] In the same manner,
form, or degree; in common; equally; as, we are all alike
concerne? in religion.
AOlike6Pmind7ed (?), a. LikePminded. [Obs.]
Al6iOment (?), n. [L. alimentum, fr. alere to nourish; akin
to Goth. alan to grow, Icel. ala to nourish: cf. F. aliment.
See Old.] 1. That which nourishes; food; nutriment; anything
which feeds or adds to a substance in natural growth. Hence:
The necessaries of life generally: sustenance; means of
Aliments of thei? sloth and weakness.
2. An allowance for maintenance. [Scot.]
Al6iOment, v. t. 1. To nourish; to support.
2. To provide for the maintenance of. [Scot.]
Al7iOmen6tal (?), a. Supplying food; having the quality of
nourishing; furnishing the materials for natural growth; as,
alimental sap.
A7liOmen6talOly, adv. So as to serve for nourishment or
food; nourishing quality.
Sir T. Browne.

Al7iOmen6taOriOness (?), n. The quality of being alimentary;
nourishing quality. [R.]
Al7iOmen6taOry (?), a. [L. alimentarius, fr. alimentum: cf.
F. alimentaire.] Pertaining to aliment or food, or to the
function of nutrition; nutritious; alimental; as, alimentary
w canal, the entire channel, extending from the mouth to the
?nus, by which aliments are conveyed through the body, and
the useless parts ejected.
Al7iOmenOta6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. alimentation, LL.
alimentatio.] 1. The act or process of affording nutriment;
the function of the alimentary canal.
2. State or mode of being nourished.
Al7iOmen6tiveOness (?), n. The instinct or faculty of
appetite for food. [Chiefly in Phrenol.]
Al7iOmo6niOous (?), a. Affording food; nourishing. [R.]
=Alimonious humors.8
Al6iOmoOny (?), n. [L. alimonia, alimonium, nourishment,
sustenance, fr. alere to nourish.] 1. Maintenance; means of
2. (Law) An allowance made to a wife out of her husband's
estate or income for her support, upon her divorce or legal
separation from him, or during a suit for the same.
Wharton. Burrill.
Al7iOna6sal (?), a. [L. ala wing + E. nasal.] (Anat.)
Pertaining to expansions of the nasal bone or cartilage.
AOline6 (?), v. t. To range or place in a line; to bring
into line; to align.
AOlin7eOa6tion (?), n. See Allineation.
AOline6ment (?), n. Same as Alignment.
The Eng. form alinement is preferable to alignment, a bad
spelling of the Fr[ench].
New Eng. Dict. (Murray).
AOlin6er (?), n. One who adjusts things to a line or lines
or brings them into line.
Al6iOoth (?), n. [Ar. aly>t the tail of a fat sheep.]
(Astron.) A star in the tail of the Great Bear, the one next
the bowl in the Dipper.
Al6iOped (?), a. [L. alipes; ala wing + pes, pedis, foot:
cf. F. alip
de.] (Zol.) WingOfooted, as the bat. P n. An
animal whose toes are connected by a membrane, serving for a
wing, as the bat.
Al6iOquant (?), a. [L. aliquantus some, moderate; alius
other + quantus how great: cf. F. aliquante.] (Math.) An
aliquant part of a number or quantity is one which does not
divide it without leaving a remainder; thus, 5 is an
aliquant part of 16. Opposed to aliquot.
Al6iOquot (?), a. [L. aliquot some, several; alius other +
quot how many: cf. F. aliquote.] (Math.) An aliquot part of
a number or quantity is one which will divide it without a
remainder; thus, 5 is an aliquot part of 15. Opposed to
Al7iOsep6tal (?), a. [L. ala wing + E. septal.] (Anat.)
Relating to expansions of the nasal septum.
Al6ish (?), a. Like ale; as, an alish taste.
Al7iOsphe6noid (?), Al7iOspheOnoid6al (?), } a. [L. ala wing
+ E. sphenoid.] (Anat.) Pertaining to or forming the wing of
the sphenoid; relating to a bone in the base of the skull,
which in the adult is often consolidated with the sphenoid;
as, alisphenoid bone; alisphenoid canal.
Al7iOsphe6noid, n. (Anat.) The ~ bone.
Al6iOtrunk (?), n. [L. ala wing + truncus trunk.] (Zol.)
The segment of the body of an insect to which the wings are
attached; the thorax.
Al7iOtur6gicOal (?), a. [Pref. aO + liturgical.] (Eccl.)
Applied to those days when the holy sacrifice is not
X A7liOun6de (?), adv. & a. [L.] (Law) From another source;
from elsewhere; as, a case proved aliunde; evidence aliunde.
AOlive6 (?), a. [OE. on live, AS. on lFfe in life; lFfe
being dat. of lFf life. See Life, and cf. Live, a.] 1.
Having life, in opposition to dead; living; being in a state
in which the organs perform their functions; as, an animal
or a plant which is alive.
2. In a state of action; in force or operation;
unextinguished; unexpired; existent; as, to keep the fire
alive; to keep the affections alive.
3. Exhibiting the activity and motion of many living beings;
swarming; thronged.
The Boyne, for a quarter of a mile, was alive with muskets
and green boughs.

4. Sprightly; lively; brisk.
5. Having susceptibility; easily impressed; having lively
feelings, as opposed to apathy; sensitive.
Tremblingly alive to nature's laws.
6. Of all living (by way of emphasis).
Northumberland was the proudest man alive.
Used colloquially as an intensive; as, man alive!
5 Alive always follows the noun which it qualifies.
X A7liOza6ri (?), n. [Perh. fr. Ar. 'a?>rah juice extracted
from a plant, fr. 'a?ara to press.] (Com.) The madder of the
Brande & C.
AOliz6aOrin (?), n. [F. alizarine, fr. alizari.] (Chem.) A
coloring principle, C14H6O2 (OH)2, found in madder, and now
produced artificially from anthracene. It produces the
Turkish reds.
Al6kaOhest (?), n. [LL. alchahest, F. alcahest, a word that
has an Arabic appearance, but was probably arbitrarily
formed by Paracelsus.] The fabled =universal solvent8 of the
alchemists; a menstruum capable of dissolving all bodies. P
Al7kaOhes6tic (?), a.
Al7kalOam6ide (?), n. [Alkali + amide.] (Chem.) One of a
series of compounds that may be regarded as ammonia in which
a part of the hydrogen has been replaced by basic, and
another part by acid, atoms or radicals.
Al7kaOles7cence (?), Al7kaOles6cenOcy (?), } n. A tendency
to become alkaline; or the state of a substance in which
alkaline properties begin to be developed, or to
Al7kaOles6cent (?), a. [Cf. F. alcalescent.] Tending to the
properties of an alkali; slightly alkaline.
Al6kaOli (?; 277), n. pl. Alkalis or Alkalies (?). [F.
alcali, ultimately fr. Ar. alqalF ashes of the plant
saltwort, fr. qalay to roast in a pan, fry.] 1. Soda ash;
caustic soda, caustic potash, etc.
2. (Chem.) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda,
potash, ammoma, and lithia, whose distinguishing
peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting
with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming
salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable
yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.
Fixed alkalies, potash and soda. P Vegetable alkalies. Same
as Alkaloids. P Volatile ~, ammonia, so called in
distinction from the fixed alkalies.
Al6kaOliOfi7aOble (?), a. [Cf. F. alcalifiable.] Capable of
being alkalified, or converted into an alkali.
Al6kaOliOfy (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alkalified (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Alkalifying.] [Alkali + Ofly: cf. F.
alcalifier.] To convert into an alkali; to give alkaline
properties to.
Al6kaOliOfy, v. i. To become changed into an alkali.
Al7kaOlim6eOter (?), n. [Alkali + Ometer. cf. F.
tre.] An instrument to ascertain the strength of
alkalies, or the quantity of alkali in a mixture.
Al7kaOliOmet6ric (?), Al7kaOliOmet6ricOal (?), } a. Of or
pertaining to alkalimetry.
Al7kaOlim6eOtry (?), n. [Cf. F. alcalim
trie.] (Chem.) The
art or process of ascertaining the strength of alkalies, or
the quantity present in alkaline mixtures.
Al6kaOline (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. alcalin.] Of or pertaining
to an alkali or to alkalies; having the properties of an
w earths, certain substances, as lime, baryta, strontia, and
magnesia, possessing some of the qualities of alkalies. P w
metals, potassium, sodium, csium, lithium, rubidium. P w
reaction, a reaction indicating alkalinity, as by the action
on limits, turmeric, etc.
Al7kaOlin6iOty (?), n. The quality which constitutes an
alkali; alkaline property.
AlOka6liOous (?), a. Alkaline. [Obs.]
Al6kaOliOzate (?), a. Alkaline. [Obs.]
Al6kaOliOOzate (?), v. t. To alkalizate. [R.]
Al7kaOliOza6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. alcalisation.] The act
rendering alkaline by impregnating with an alkali; a
conferring of alkaline qualities.
Al6kaOlize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alkalized (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Alkalizing (?).] [Cf. F. alcaliser.] To render
alkaline; to communicate the properties of an alkali to.
Al6kaOloid (?), Al7kaOloid6al (?), } a. [Alkali + Ooid: cf.
F. alcalo de.] Pertaining to, resembling, or containing,
Al6kaOloid (?), n. (Chem.) An organic base, especially one
of a class of substances occurring ready formed in the
tissues of plants and the bodies of animals.
5 Alcaloids all contain nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen, and
many of them also contain oxygen. They include many of the
active principles in plants; thus, morphine and narcotine
are alkaloids found in opium.
Al6kaOnet (?), n. [Dim. of Sp. alcana, alhe?a, in which al
is the Ar. article. See Henna, and cf. Orchanet.] 1. (Chem.)
A dyeing matter extracted from the roots of Alkanna
tinctoria, which gives a fine deep red color.
2. (Bot.) (a) A boraginaceous herb (Alkanna tinctoria)
yielding the dye; orchanet. (b) The similar plant Anchusa
officinalis; bugloss; also, the American puccoon.
AlOkar6gen (?), n. [Alkarsin + oxygen.] (Chem.) Same as
Cacodylic acid.
AlOkar6sin (?), n. [Alkali + arsenic + Oin.] (Chem.) A
spontaneously inflammable liquid, having a repulsive odor,
and consisting of cacodyl and its oxidation products; P
called also Cadel's fuming liquid.
AlOka6zar (?)(?). See Alcazar.
Al7keOken6gi (?), n. [Cf. F. alkkenge, Sp. alquequenje,
ultimately fr. Ar. alPk>kanj a kind of resin from Herat.]
(Bot.) An herbaceous plant of the nightshade family
(Physalis alkekengi) and its fruit, which is a well flavored
berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed in a enlarged
leafy calyx; P also called winter cherry, ground cherry, and
strawberry tomato.
D. C. Eaton.
AlOker6mes (?), n. [Ar. alPqirmiz kermes. See Kermes.] (Old
Pharmacy) A compound cordial, in the form of a confection,
deriving its name from the kermes insect, its principal
Al6koOran (?; 277), n. The Mohammedan Scriptures. Same as
Alcoran and Koran.
Al7koOran6ic (?), a. Same as Alcoranic.
Al7koOran6ist, n. Same as Alcoranist.
All (?), a. [OE. al, pl. alle, AS. eal, pl. ealle,
Northumbrian alle, akin to D. & OHG. al, Ger. all, Icel.
allr. Dan. al, Sw. all, Goth. alls; and perh. to Ir. and
Gael. uile, W. oll.] 1. The whole quantity, extent,
duration, amount, quality, or degree of; the whole; the
whole number of; any whatever; every; as, all the wheat; all
the land; all the year; all the strength; all happiness; all
abundance; loss of all power; beyond all doubt; you will see
us all (or all of us).
Prove all things: hold fast that which is good.
1 Thess. v. 21.
2. Any. [Obs.] =Without all remedy.8
5 When the definite article =the,8 or a possessive or a
demonstrative pronoun, is joined to the noun that all
qualifies, all precedes the article or the pronoun; as, all
the cattle; all my labor; all his wealth; all our families;
all your citizens; all their property; all other joys.
This word, not only in popular language, but in the
Scriptures, often signifies, indefinitely, a large portion
or number, or a great part. Thus, all the cattle in Egypt
died, all Judea and all the region round about Jordan, all
men held John as a prophet, are not to be understood in a
literal sense, but as including a large part, or very great
3. Only; alone; nothing but.
I was born to speak all mirth and no matter.
All the whole, the whole (emphatically). [Obs.] =All the
whole army.8
All, adv. 1. Wholly; completely; altogether; entirely;
quite; very; as, all bedewed; my friend is all for
amusement. =And cheeks all pale.8

5 In the ancient phrases, all too dear, all too much, all so
long, etc., this word retains its appropriate sense or
becomes intensive.
2. Even; just. (Often a mere intensive adjunct.) [Obs. or
All as his straying flock he fed.
A damsel lay deploring
All on a rock reclined.
All to, or AllPto. In such phrases as =all to rent,8 all to
break,8 =allPto frozen,8 etc., which are of frequent
occurrence in our old authors, the all and the to have
commonly been regarded as forming a compound adverb,
equivalent in meaning to entirely, completely, altogether.
But the sense of entireness lies wholly in the word all (as
it does in =all forlorn,8 and similar expressions), and the
to properly belongs to the following word, being a kind of
intensive prefix (orig. meaning asunder and answering to the
LG. terO, HG. zerO). It is frequently to be met with in old
books, used without the all. Thus Wyclif says, =The vail of
the temple was to rent:8 and of Judas, =He was hanged and
toPburst the middle:8 i. e., burst in two, or asunder. P All
along. See under Along. P All and some, individually and
collectively, one and all. [Obs.] =Displeased all and some.8
Fairfax. P All but. (a) Scarcely; not even. [Obs.] Shak. (b)
Almost; nearly.=The fine arts were all but proscribed.8
Macaulay. P All hollow, entirely, completely; as, to beat
any one all hollow. [Low] P All one, the same thing in
effect; that is, wholly the same thing. P All over, over the
whole extent; thoroughly; wholly; as, she is her mother all
over. [Colloq.] P All the better, wholly the better; that
is, better by the whole difference. P All the same,
nevertheless. =There they [certain phenomena] remain rooted
all the same, whether we recognize them or not.8 J. C.
Shairp. =But Rugby is a very nice place all the same.8 T.
Arnold. P See also under All, n.
All (?), n. The whole number, quantity, or amount; the
entire thing; everything included or concerned; the
aggregate; the whole; totality; everything or every person;
as, our all is at stake.
Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all.
All that thou seest is mine.
Gen. xxxi. 43.
All is used with of, like a partitive; as, all of a thing,
all of us.
After all, after considering everything to the contrary;
nevertheless. P All in all, a phrase which signifies all
things to a person, or everything desired; (also
adverbially) wholly; altogether.
Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee,

Trust me not at all, or all in all.

All in the wind (Naut.), a phrase denoting that the sails
are parallel with the course of the wind, so as to shake. P
All told, all counted; in all. P And all, and the rest; and
everything connected. =Bring our crown and all.8 Shak. P At
all. (a) In every respect; wholly; thoroughly. [Obs.] =She
is a shrew at al(l).8 Chaucer. (b) A phrase much used by way
of enforcement or emphasis, usually in negative or
interrogative sentences, and signifying in any way or
respect; in the least degree or to the least extent; in the
least; under any circumstances; as, he has no ambition at
all; has he any property at all? =Nothing at all.8 Shak. =It
thy father at all miss me.8 1 Sam. xx. 6. P Over ~,
everywhere. [Obs.] Chaucer.
5 All is much used in composition to enlarge the meaning, or
add force to a word. In some instances, it is completely
incorporated into words, and its final consonant is dropped,
as in almighty, already, always: but, in most instances, it
is an adverb prefixed to adjectives or participles, but
usually with a hyphen, as, allPbountiful, allPglorious,
allimportant, allPsurrounding, etc. In others it is an
adjective; as, allpower, allPgiver. Anciently many words,
as, alabout, alaground, etc., were compounded with all,
which are now written separately.
All, conj. [Orig. all, adv., wholly: used with though or if,
which being dropped before the subjunctive left all as if in
the sense although.] Although; albeit. [Obs.]
All they were wondrous loth.
X Al7la bre6ve (?). [It., according to the breve.] (Old
Church Music) With one breve, or four minims, to measure,
and sung faster like four crotchets; in quick common time; P
indicated in the time signature by ?.
X Al6lah (?), n. [Ar., contr. fr. the article al the + ilah
God.] The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs
and the Mohammedans generally.
All7PaPmort6 (?), a. See Alamort.
Al6lanOite (?), n. [From T. Allan, who first distinguished
it as a species.] (min.) A silicate containing a large
amount of cerium. It is usually black in color, opaque, and
is related to epidote in form and composition.
Al7lanOto6ic (?)(?), a. [Cf. F. allanto que.] Pertaining to,
or contained in, the allantois.
Allantoic acid. (Chem.) See Allantoin.
AlOlan6toid (?), Al7lanOtoid6al (?), } a. [Gr. ? shaped like
a sausage; ? sausage + ? form.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to
the allantois.
X Al7lanOtoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zol.) The division of
Vertebrata in which the embryo develops an allantois. It
includes reptiles, birds, and mammals.
AlOlan6toOin (?), n. (Chem.) A crystalline, transparent,
colorless substance found in the allantoic liquid of the
fetal calf; P formerly called allantoic acid and amniotic
{ X AlOlan6toOis (?)(?), AlOlan6toid (?), } n. (Anat.) A
membranous appendage of the embryos of mammals, birds, and
reptiles, P in mammals serving to connect the fetus with the
parent; the urinary vesicle.
Al6laOtrate (?), v. i. [L. allatrare. See Latrate.] To bark
as a dog. [Obs.]
AlOlay6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allayed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Allaying.] [OE. alaien, aleggen, to lay down, put down,
humble, put an end to, AS. >lecgan; >O (cf. Goth. usO, G.
erO, orig. meaning out) + lecgan to lay; but confused with
old forms of allege, alloy, alegge. See Lay.] 1. To make
quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to
calm; as, to allay popular excitement; to allay the tumult
of the passions.
2. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate; as, to allay the
severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity.
It would allay the burning quality of that fell poison.
Syn. - To alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease;
abate; subdue; destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet. See
AlOlay6 (?), v. t. To diminish in strength; to abate; to
subside. =When the rage allays.8
AlOlay6, n. Alleviation; abatement; check. [Obs.]
AlOlay6, n. Alloy. [Obs.]
AlOlay6, v. t. To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal;
to alloy; to deteriorate. [Archaic]
AlOlay6er (?), n. One who, or that which, allays.
AlOlay6ment (?), n. An allaying; that which allays;
mitigation. [Obs.]
The like allayment could I give my grief.
Al6leOcret (?), n. [OF. alecret, halecret, hallecret.] A
kind of light armor used in the sixteenth century, esp. by
the Swiss.
AlOlect6 (?), v. t. [L. allectare, freq. of allicere,
allectum.] To allure; to entice. [Obs.]
Al7lecOta6tion (?), n. [L. allectatio.] Enticement;
allurement. [Obs.]
AlOlec6tive (?), a. [LL. allectivus.] Alluring. [Obs.]
AlOlec6tive, n. Allurement. [Obs.]
Jer. Taylor.
AlOledge6 (?)(?), v. t. See Allege. [Obs.]
5 This spelling, corresponding to abridge, was once the
prevailing one.
Al7leOga6tion (?), n. [L. allegatio, fr. allegare,
allegatum, to send a message, cite; later, to free by giving
reasons; ad + legare to send, commission. Cf. Allege and
Adlegation.] 1. The act of alleging or positively asserting.
2. That which is alleged, asserted, or declared; positive
assertion; formal averment
I thought their allegation but reasonable.
3. (Law) A statement by a party of what he undertakes to
prove, P usually applied to each separate averment; the
charge or matter undertaken to be proved.
AlOlege6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alleged (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Alleging.] [OE. aleggen to bring forward as evidence, OF.
esligier to buy, prop. to free from legal difficulties, fr.
an assumed LL. exlitigare; L. ex + litigare to quarrel, sue
(see Litigate). The word was confused with L. allegare (see
Allegation), and lex law. Cf. Allay.] 1. To bring forward
with positiveness; to declare; to affirm; to assert; as, to
allege a fact.
2. To cite or quote; as, to allege the authority of a judge.
3. To produce or urge as a reason, plea, or excuse; as, he
refused to lend, alleging a resolution against lending.
Syn. - To bring forward; adduce; advance; assign; produce;
declare; affirm; assert; aver; predicate.
AlOlege6, v. t. [See Allay.] To alleviate; to lighten, as a
burden or a trouble. [Obs.]
AlOlege6aOble (?), a. Capable of being alleged or affirmed.
The most authentic examples allegeable in the case.
AlOlege6ance (?), n. Allegation. [Obs.]
AlOlege6ment (?), n. Allegation. [Obs.]
With many complaints and allegements.
Bp. Sanderson.
AlOleg6er (?), n. One who affirms or declares.
AlOlegge6 (?), v. t. See Alegge and Allay. [Obs.]
AlOle6giance (?), n. [OE. alegeaunce; pref. aO + OF. lige,
liege. The meaning was influenced by L. ligare to bind, and
even by lex, legis, law. See Liege, Ligeance.] 1. The tie or
obligation, implied or expressed, which a subject owes to
his sovereign or government; the duty of fidelity to one's
king, government, or state.
2. Devotion; loyalty; as, allegiance to science.
Syn. - Loyalty; fealty. P Allegiance, Loyalty. These words
agree in expressing the general idea of fidelity and
attachment to the =powers that be.8 Allegiance is an
obligation to a ruling power. Loyalty is a feeling or
sentiment towards such power. Allegiance may exist under any
form of government, and, in a republic, we generally speak
of allegiance to the government, to the state, etc. In well
conducted monarchies, loyalty is a warmPhearted feeling of
fidelity and obedience to the sovereign. It is personal in
its nature; and hence we speak of the loyalty of a wife to
her husband, not of her allegiance. In cases where we
personify, loyalty is more commonly the word used; as,
loyalty to the constitution; loyalty to the cause of virtue;
loyalty to truth and religion, etc.
Hear me, recreant, on thine allegiance hear me!
So spake the Seraph Abdiel, faithful found,...
Unshaken, unseduced, unterrified,
His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal.

AlOle6giant (?), a. Loyal.
Al7leOgor6ic (?), Al7leOgor6icOal (?), } a. [F. allgorique,
L. allegorius, fr. Gr. ?. See Allegory.] Belonging to, or
consisting of, allegory; of the nature of an allegory;
describing by resemblances; figurative. =An allegoric tale.8
Falconer. =An allegorical application.8 Pope.
Allegorical being... that kind of language which says one
thing, but means another.
Max Miller.
P Al7leOgor6icOalOly, adv. P Al7leOgor6icOalOness, n.
Al6leOgoOrist (?), n. [Cf. F. allegoriste.] One who
allegorizes; a writer of allegory.
Al7leOgor6iOza6tion (?), n. The act of turning into
allegory, or of understanding in an allegorical sense.
Al6leOgoOrize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allegorized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Allegorizing.] [Cf. F. allgoriser, fr. L.
allegorizare.] 1. To form or turn into allegory; as, to
allegorize the history of a people.
2. To treat as allegorical; to understand in an allegorical
sense; as, when a passage in a writer may understood
literally or figuratively, he who gives it a figurative
sense is said to allegorize it.
Al6leOgoOrize, v. t. To use allegory.
Al6leOgoOri7zer (?), n. One who allegorizes, or turns things
into allegory; an allegorist.
Al6leOgoOry (?), n.; pl. Allegories (?). [L. allegoria, Gr.
?, description of one thing under the image of another; ?
other + ? to speak in the assembly, harangue, ? place of
assembly, fr. ? to assemble: cf. F. allgorie.] 1. A
figurative sentence or discourse, in which the principal
subject is described by another subject resembling it in its
properties and circumstances. The real subject is thus kept
out of view, and we are left to collect the intentions of
the writer or speaker by the resemblance of the secondary to
the primary subject.
2. Anything which represents by suggestive resemblance; an
3. (Paint. & Sculpt.) A figure representation which has a
meaning beyond notion directly conveyed by the object
painted or sculptured.
Syn. - Metaphor; fable. P Allegory, Parable. =An allegory
differs both from fable and parable, in that the properties
of persons are fictitiously represented as attached to
things, to which they are as it were transferred. ...A
figure of Peace and Victory crowning some historical
personage is an allegory. =I am the Vine, ye are the
branches8 [John xv. 1P6] is a spoken allegory. In the
parable there is no transference of properties. The parable
of the sower [Matt. xiii. 3P23] represents all things as
according to their proper nature. In the allegory quoted
above the properties of the vine and the relation of the
branches are transferred to the person of Christ and Hi?
apostles and disciples.8
C. J. Smith.
An allegory is a prolonged metaphor. Bunyan's =Pilgrim's
Progress8 and Spenser's =Fa rie Queene8 are celebrated
examples of the allegory.
X Al7le7gresse6 (?), n. [F. allgresse, fr. L. alacer
sprightly.] Joy; gladsomeness.
X Al7leOgret6to (?), a. [It., dim. of allegro.] (Mus.)
Quicker than andante, but not so quick as allegro. P n. A
movement in this time.
X AlOle6gro (?), a. [It., merry, gay, fr. L. alacer lively.
Cf. Aleger.] (Mus.) Brisk, lively. P n. An ~ movement; a
quick, sprightly strain or piece.
Al7leOlu6is, Al7leOlu6iah } (?), n. [L. alleluia, Gr. ?, fr.
Heb. hall?l?Py>h. See Hallelujah.] An exclamation signifying
Praise ye Jehovah. Hence: A song of praise to God. See
Hallelujah, the commoner form.
I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying,
Rev. xix. 1.
X Al6leOmande6 (?), n. [F., fr. allemand German.] 1. (Mus.)
A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in
the reign of Louis XIV.; P now mostly found in suites of
pieces, like those of Bach and Handel.
2. A figure in dancing.
Al7leOman6nic (?), a. See Alemannic.
AlOlen6arOly (?), adv. [All + anerly singly, fr. ane one.]
Solely; only. [Scot.]
Sir W. Scott.
Al6ler (?), a. [For ealra, the AS. gen. pl. of eal all.]
Same as Alder, of all. [Obs.]

X AlOle6riOon (?), n. [F. alrion, LL. alario a sort of
eagle; of uncertain origin.] (Her.) Am eagle without beak or
feet, with expanded wings.
AlOle6viOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alleviated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Alleviating.] [LL. alleviare, fr. L. ad + levis
light. See Alegge, Levity.] 1. To lighten or lessen the
force or weight of. [Obs. in a literal or general sense.]
Should no others join capable to alleviate the expense.
Those large bladders... conduce much to the alleviating of
the body [of flying birds].
2. To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to
mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate
sorrow, pain, care, etc.; P opposed to aggravate.
The calamity of the want of the sense of hearing is much
alleviated by giving the use of letters.
Bp. Horsley.
3. To extenuate; to palliate. [R.]
He alleviates his fault by an excuse.
Syn. - To lessen; diminish; soften; mitigate; assuage;
abate; relieve; nullify; allay. P To Alleviate, Mitigate,
Assuage, Allay. These words have in common the idea of
relief from some painful state; and being all figurative,
they differ in their application, according to the image
under which this idea is presented. Alleviate supposes a
load which is lightened or taken off; as,, to alleviate
one's cares. Mitigate supposes something fierce which is
made mild; as, to mitigate one's anguish. Assuage supposes
something violent which is quieted; as, to assuage one's
sorrow. Allay supposes something previously excited, but now
brought down; as, to allay one's suffering or one's thirst.
To alleviate the distresses of life; to mitigate the
fierceness of passion or the violence of grief; to assuage
angry feeling; to allay wounded sensibility.
AlOle7viOa6tion (?), n. [LL. alleviatio.] 1. The act of
alleviating; a lightening of weight or severity; mitigation;

<-- p. 41 -->

<-- p. 41 -->
2. That which mitigates, or makes more tolerable.
I have not wanted such alleviations of life as friendship
could supply.
AlOle6viOaOtive (?), a. Tending to alleviate. P n. That
which alleviates.
AlOle6viOa7tor (?), n. One who, or that which, alleviaties.
AlOle6viOaOtoOry (?), a. Alleviative.
Al6ley (?), n.; pl. Alleys (?). [OE. aley, alley, OF. ale,
F. alle, a going, passage, fr. OE. aler, F. aller, to go;
of uncertain origin: cf. Prov. anar, It. andare, Sp. andar.]
1. A narrow passage; especially a walk or passage in a
garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes; a
bordered way.
I know each lane and every alley green.

2. A narrow passage or way in a city, as distinct from a
public street.
3. A passageway between rows of pews in a church.
4. (Persp.) Any passage having the entrance represented as
wider than the exit, so as to give the appearance of length.
5. The space between two rows of compositors' stands in a
printing office.
Al6ley, n.; pl. Alleys (?). [A contraction of alabaster, of
which it was originally made.] A choice taw or marble.
Al6leyed (?), a. Furnished with alleys; forming an alley.
=An alleyed walk.8
Sir W. Scott.
Al6leyOway7 (?), n. An alley.
All6 Fools' Day7 (?). The first day of April, a day on which
sportive impositions are practiced.
The first of April, some do say,
Is set apart for All Fools' Day.
Poor Robin's Almanack (1760).
All7fours6 (?). [All + four (cards).] A game at cards,
called =High, Low, Jack, and the Game.8
All7 fours6 [formerly, All7 four6.] All four legs of a
quadruped; or the two legs and two arms of a person.
To be, go, or run, on all fours (Fig.), to be on the same
footing; to correspond (with) exactly; to be alike in all
the circumstances to be considered. =This example is on all
fours with the other.8 No simile can go on all fours.8
All7 hail6 (?)(?). [All + hail, interj.] All health; P a
phrase of salutation or welcome.
All7Phail6, v. t. To salute; to greet. [Poet.]
Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it, came missives from
the king, who allPhailed me =Thane of Cawdor.8
All7hal6lond (?), n. Allhallows. [Obs.]
{ All7hal6low (?), All7hal6lows (?), } n. 1. All the saints
(in heaven). [Obs.]
2. All Saints' Day, November 1st. [Archaic]
<-- All Hallows Eve = Halloween, Dec. 31 st. -->
All7hal6low (?). The evening before Allhallows. See
All7hal6lowOmas (?), n. The feast of All Saints.
All7hal6lown (?), a. Of or pertaining to the time of
Allhallows. [Obs.] =Allhallown summer.8 Shak. (i. e., late
summer; =Indian Summer8).
All7hal6lowOtide7 (?), n. [AS. tFd time.] The time at or
near All Saints, or November 1st.
All6heal (?), n. A name popularly given to the officinal
valerian, and to some other plants.
AlOli6aOble (?), a. Able to enter into alliance.
Al7liOa6ceous (?), a. Of or pertaining to the genus Allium,
or garlic, onions, leeks, etc.; having the smell or taste of
garlic or onions.
AlOli6ance (?), n. [OE. aliaunce, OF. aliance, F. alliance,
fr. OF. alier, F. allier. See Ally, and cf. LL. alligantia.]
1. The state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting;
a union or connection of interests between families, states,
parties, etc., especially between families by marriage and
states by compact, treaty, or league; as, matrimonial
alliances; an alliance between church and state; an alliance
between France and England.
2. Any union resembling that of families or states; union by
relationship in qualities; affinity.
The alliance of the principles of the world with those of
the gospel.
C. J. Smith.
The alliance... between logic and metaphysics.
3. The persons or parties allied.
Syn. - Connection; affinity; union; confederacy;
confederation; league; coalition.
AlOli6ance, v. t. To connect by alliance; to ally. [Obs.]
AlOli6ant (?), n. [Cf. F. alliant, p. pr.] An ally; a
confederate. [Obs. & R.]
Sir H. Wotton.
{ Al6lice, Al6lis } (?), n. (Zol.) The European shad
(Clupea vulgaris); allice shad. See Alose.
AlOli6cienOcy (?), n. Attractive power; attractiveness.
Sir T. Browne.
AlOli6cient (?), a. [L. alliciens, p. pr. of allicere to
allure; ad + lacere to entice.] That attracts; attracting. P
n. That attracts. [Rare or Obs.]
AlOlied6 (?), a. United; joined; leagued; akin; related. See
AlOliOgate (?), v. t. [L. alligatus, p. p. of alligare. See
Ally.] To tie; to unite by some tie.
Instincts alligated to their nature.
Sir M. Hale.
Al7liOga6tion (?), n. [L. alligatio.] 1. The act of tying
together or attaching by some bond, or the state of being
attached. [R.]
2. (Arith.) A rule relating to the solution of questions
concerning the compounding or mixing of different
ingredients, or ingredients of different qualities or
5 The rule is named from the method of connecting together
the terms by certain ligaturePlike signs. Alligation is of
two kinds, medial and alternate; medial teaching the method
of finding the price or quality of a mixture of several
simple ingredients whose prices and qualities are known;
alternate, teaching the amount of each of several simple
ingredients whose prices or qualities are known, which will
be required to make a mixture of given price or quality.
Al6liOga7tor (?), n. [Sp. el lagarto the lizard (el lagarto
de Indias, the cayman or American crocodile), fr. L.
lacertus, lacerta, lizard. See Lizard.] 1. (Zol.) A large
carnivorous reptile of the Crocodile family, peculiar to
America. It has a shorter and broader snout than the
crocodile, and the large teeth of the lower jaw shut into
pits in the upper jaw, which has no marginal notches.
Besides the common species of the southern United States,
there are allied species in South America.
2. (Mech.) Any machine with strong jaws, one of which opens
like the movable jaw of an alligator; as, (a) (Metal
Working) a form of squeezer for the puddle ball; (b)
(Mining) a rock breaker; (c) (Printing) a kind of job press,
called also alligator press.
Alligator apple (Bot.), the fruit of the Anona palustris, a
West Indian tree. It is said to be narcotic in its
properties. Loudon. P Alligator fish (Zol.), a marine fish
of northwestern America (Podothecus acipenserinus). P
Alligator gar (Zol.), one of the gar pikes (Lepidosteus
spatula) found in the southern rivers of the United States.
The name is also applied to other species of gar pikes. P
Alligator pear (Bot.), a corruption of Avocado pear. See
Avocado. P Alligator snapper, Alligator tortoise, Alligator
turtle (Zol.), a very large and voracious turtle
(Macrochelys lacertina) in habiting the rivers of the
southern United States. It sometimes reaches the weight of
two hundred pounds. Unlike the common snapping turtle, to
which the name is sometimes erroneously applied, it has a
scaly head and many small scales beneath the tail. This name
is sometimes given to other turtles, as to species of
Trionyx. P Alligator wood, the timber of a tree of the West
Indies (Guarea Swartzii).
AlOlign6ment (?), n. See Alignment.
AlOlin6eOate (?), v. t. [L. ad + lineatus, p. p. of lineare
to draw a line.] To align. [R.]
{ AlOlin7eOa6tion (?), AOline7eOa6tion (?), } n. Alignment;
position in a straight line, as of two planets with the sun.
The allineation of the two planets.
C. A. Young.
AlOli6sion (?), n. [L. allisio, fr. allidere, to strike or
dash against; ad + laedere to dash against.] The act of
dashing against, or striking upon.
The boisterous allision of the sea.
AlOlit6erOal (?), a. Pertaining to, or characterized by
AlOlit6erOate (?), v. t. To employ or place so as to make
AlOlit6erOate, v. i. To compose alliteratively; also, to
constitute alliteration.
AlOlit7erOa6tion (?), n. [L. ad + litera letter. See
Letter.] The repetition of the same letter at the beginning
of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or
at short intervals; as in the following lines: P
Behemoth, biggest born of earth, upheaved
His vastness.
Fly o'er waste fens and windy fields.
5 The recurrence of the same letter in accented parts of
words is also called alliteration. AngloPSaxon poetry is
characterized by alliterative meter of this sort. Later
poets also employed it.
In a somer seson whan soft was the sonne,
I shope me in shroudes as I a shepe were.
P. Plowman.
AlOlit6erOaOtive (?; 277), a. Pertaining to, or
characterized by, alliteration; as, alliterative poetry. P
AlOlit6erOaOtiveOly, adv. P AlOlit6er OaOtiveOness, n.
AlOlit6erOa7tor (?), n. One who alliterates.
X Al6liOum (?), n. [L., garlic.] (bot.) A genus of plants,
including the onion, garlic, leek, chive, etc.
All6mouth7 (?), n. (Zol.) The angler.
All6ness (?), n. Totality; completeness. [R.]
The allness of God, including his absolute spirituality,
supremacy, and eternity.
R. Turnbull.
All6night7 (?), n. Light, fuel, or food for the whole night.
Al6loOcate (?), v. t. [LL. allocatus, p. p. of allocare, fr.
L. ad + locare to place. See Allow.] 1. To distribute or
assign; to allot.
2. To localize. [R.]
Al7loOca6tion (?), n. [LL. allocatio: cf. F. allocation.] 1.
The act of putting one thing to another; a placing;
disposition; arrangement.
2. An allotment or apportionment; as, an allocation of
shares in a company.
The allocation of the particular portions of Palestine to
its successive inhabitants.
A. R. Stanley.
3. The admission of an item in an account, or an allowance
made upon an account; P a term used in the English
X Al7loOca6tur (?), n. [LL., it is allowed, fr. allocare to
allow.] (Law) =Allowed.8 The word allocatur expresses the
allowance of a proceeding, writ, order, etc., by a court,
judge, or judicial officer.
Al7loOchro6ic (?), a. Changeable in color.
AlOloch6roOite (?), n. (Min.) See Garnet.
AlOloch6roOous (?), a. [Gr. ? changed in color, fr. ? other
+ ? color.] Changing color.
Al7loOcu6tion (?), n. [L. allocuto, fr. alloqui to speak to;
ad + loqui to speak: cf. F. allocution.] 1. The act or
manner of speaking to, or of addressing in words.
2. An address; a hortatory or authoritative address as of a
pope to his clergy.
Al6lod (?), n. See Allodium.
AlOlo6diOal (?), a. [LL. allodialis, fr. allodium: cf. F.
allodial. See Allodium.] (Law) Pertaining to allodium;
freehold; free of rent or service; held independent of a
lord paramount; P opposed to feudal; as, allodial lands;
allodial system.
AlOlo6diOal, a. Anything held allodially.
W. Coxe.
AlOlo6diOalOism (?), n. The allodial system.
AlOlo6iOalOist, n. One who holds allodial land.
AlOlo6diOalOly, adv. By allodial tenure.
AlOlo6diOaOry (?), n. One who holds an allodium.
AlOlo6diOum (?), n. [LL. allodium, alodium, alodis, alaudis,
of Ger. origin; cf. OHG. al all, and ?t (AS. e>d)
possession, property. It means, therefore, entirely one's
property.] (Law) Freehold estate; land which is the absolute
property of the owner; real estate held in absolute
independence, without being subject to any rent, service, or
acknowledgment to a superior. It is thus opposed to feud.
Blackstone. Bouvier.
AlOlog6aOmous (?), a. (Bot.) Characterized by allogamy.
AlOlog6aOmy (?)(?) n. [Gr. ? other + ? marriage.] (Bot.)
Fertilization of the pistil of a plant by pollen from
another of the same species; crossPfertilization.
Al7loOge6neOous (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Different in nature or
kind. [R.]
Al6loOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? another + Ograph.] A writing or
signature made by some person other than any of the parties
thereto; P opposed to autograph.
<-- Allomer; Allomeric -->
AlOlom6erOism (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? part.] (Chem.)
Variability in chemical constitution without variation in
crystalline form.
AlOlom6erOous (?), a. (Chem.) Characterized by allomerism.
Al6loOmorph (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? form.] (Min.) (a) Any
one of two or more distinct crystalline forms of the same
substance; or the substance having such forms; P as,
carbonate of lime occurs in the allomorphs calcite and
aragonite. (b) A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone
partial or complete change or substitution of material; P
thus limonite is frequently an allomorph after pyrite.
G. H. Williams.
Al7loOmor6phic (?), a. (Min.) Of or pertaining to
Al7loOmor6phism (?), n. (Min.) The property which
constitutes an allomorph; the change involved in becoming an
AlOlonge6 (?), n. [F. allonge, earlier alonge, a
lengthening. See Allonge, v., and cf. Lunge.] 1. (Fencing) A
thrust or pass; a lunge.
2. A slip of paper attached to a bill of exchange for
receiving indorsements, when the back of the bill itself is
already full; a rider. [A French usage]
AlOlomge6, v. i. [F. allonger; (L. ad) + long (L. longus)
long.] To thrust with a sword; to lunge.
Al6loOnym (?), n. [F. allonyme, fr. Gr. ? other + ? name.]
1. The name of another person assumed by the author of a
2. A work published under the name of some one other than
the author.
AlOlon6yOmous (?), a. Published under the name of some one
other than the author.
AlOloo6 (?), v. t. or i. [See Halloo.] To incite dogs by a
call; to halloo. [Obs.]
Al6loOpath (?), n. [Cf. F. allopathe.] An allopathist.
Ed. Rev.
Al7loOpath6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. allopathique.] Of or
pertaining to allopathy.
Al7loOpath6icOalOly (?), adv. In a manner conformable to
allopathy; by allopathic methods.
AlOlop6aOthist (?), n. One who practices allopathy; one who
professes allopathy.
AlOlop6aOthy (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? suffering, ?, ?, to
suffer: cf. G. allopathie, F. allopathie. See Pathos.] That
system of medical practice which aims to combat disease by
the use of remedies which produce effects different from
those produced by the special disease treated; P a term
invented by Hahnemann to designate the ordinary practice, as
opposed to homeopathy.
{ Al7loOphyl6ic (?), Al7loOphyl6iOan (?), } a. [Gr. ? of
another tribe; ? other + ? class or tribe.] Pertaining to a
race or a language neither Aryan nor Semitic.
J. Prichard.
Al6loOquy (?), n. [L. alloquim, fr. alloqui.] A speaking to
another; an address. [Obs.]
AlOlot6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allotted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Allotting.] [OF. aloter, F. allotir; a (L. ad) + lot lot.
See Lot.] 1. To distribute by lot.
2. To distribute, or parcel out in parts or portions; or to
distribute to each individual concerned; to assign as a
share or lot; to set apart as one's share; to bestow on; to
grant; to appoint; as, let every man be contented with that
which Providence allots him.
Ten years I will allot to the attainment of knowledge.
Al6loOtheOism (?), n. [Gr. ? other + ? god.] The worship of
strange gods.
Jer. Taylor.
AlOlot6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. alotement, F. allotement.] 1.
The act of allotting; assignment.
2. That which is allotted; a share, part, or portion granted
or distributed; that which is assigned by lot, or by the act
of God; anything set apart for a special use or to a
distinct party.
The alloments of God and nature.
A vineyard and an allotment for olives and herbs.
3. (law) The allowance of a specific amount of scrip or of a
particular thing to a particular person.
Cottage allotment, an allotment of a small portion of land
to a country laborer for garden cultivation. [Eng.]

<-- P. 42 -->

Al7loOtriOoph6aOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? strange + ? to eat: cf. F.
allotriophagie.] (Med.) A depraved appetite; a desire for
improper food.
{ Al7loOtrop6ic (?), Al7loOtrop6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
allotropique.] Of or pertaining to allotropism. P
Al7loOtrop6icOalOly, adv.
Allotropic state, the several conditions which occur in a
case of allotropism.
AlOlot7roOpic6iOty (?), n. Allotropic property or nature.
{ AlOlot6roOpism (?), AlOlot6roOpy (?), } n. [Gr. ? other +
direction, way, ? to turn: cf. F. allotropie.] (Chem.) The
property of existing in two or more conditions which are
distinct in their physical or chemical relations.
5 Thus, carbon occurs crystallized in octahedrons and other
related forms, in a state of extreme hardness, in the
diamond; it occurs in hexagonal forms, and of little
hardness, in black lead; and again occurs in a third form,
with entire softness, in lampblack and charcoal. In some
cases, one of these is peculiarly an active state, and the
other a passive one. Thus, ozone is an active state of
oxygen, and is distinct from ordinary oxygen, which is the
element in its passive state.
AlOlot6roOpize (?), v. t. To change in physical properties
but not in substance. [R.]
AlOlot6taOble (?), a. Capable of being allotted.
AlOlot7tee6 (?), n. One to whom anything is allotted; one to
whom an allotment is made.
AlOlot6ter (?), n. One who allots.
AlOlot6terOy (?), n. Allotment. [Obs.]
AlOlow6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allowed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Allowing.] [OE. alouen, OF. alouer, aloer, aluer, F.
allouer, fr. LL. allocare to admit as proved, to place, use;
confused with OF. aloer, fr. L. allaudare to extol; ad +
laudare to praise. See Local, and cf. Allocate, Laud.] 1. To
praise; to approve of; hence, to sanction. [Obs. or Archaic]

Ye allow the deeds of your fathers.
Luke xi. 48.
We commend his pains, condemn his pride, allow his life,
approve his learning.
2. To like; to be suited or pleased with. [Obs.]
How allow you the model of these clothes?
3. To sanction; to invest; to intrust. [Obs.]
Thou shalt be... allowed with absolute power.
4. To grant, give, admit, accord, afford, or yield; to let
one have; as, to allow a servant his liberty; to allow a
free passage; to allow one day for rest.
He was allowed about three hundred pounds a year.
5. To own or acknowledge; to accept as true; to concede; to
accede to an opinion; as, to allow a right; to allow a
claim; to allow the truth of a proposition.
I allow, with Mrs. Grundy and most moralists, that Miss
Newcome's conduct... was highly reprehensible.
6. To grant (something) as a deduction or an addition; esp.
to abate or deduct; as, to allow a sum for leakage.
7. To grant license to; to permit; to consent to; as, to
allow a son to be absent.
Syn. - To allot; assign; bestow; concede; admit; permit;
suffer; tolerate. See Permit.
AlOlow6, v. i. To admit; to concede; to make allowance or
Allowing still for the different ways of making it.
To allow of, to permit; to admit.
AlOlow6aOble (?), a. [F. allouable.] 1. Praiseworthy;
laudable. [Obs.]
2. Proper to be, or capable of being, allowed; permissible;
admissible; not forbidden; not unlawful or improper; as, a
certain degree of freedom is allowable among friends.
AlOlow6aObleOness, n. The quality of being allowable;
permissibleness; lawfulness; exemption from prohibition or
AlOlow6aObly, adv. In an allowable manner.
AlOlow6ance (?), n. [OF. alouance.] 1. Approval;
approbation. [Obs.]
2. The act of allowing, granting, conceding, or admitting;
authorization; permission; sanction; tolerance.
Without the king's will or the state's allowance.
3. Acknowledgment.
The censure of the which one must in your allowance
o'erweigh a whole theater of others.
4. License; indulgence. [Obs.]
5. That which is allowed; a share or portion allotted or
granted; a sum granted as a reimbursement, a bounty, or as
appropriate for any purpose; a stated quantity, as of food
or drink; hence, a limited quantity of meat and drink, when
provisions fall short.
I can give the boy a handsome allowance.
6. Abatement; deduction; the taking into account of
mitigating circumstances; as, to make allowance for the
inexperience of youth.
After making the largest allowance for fraud.
7. (com.) A customary deduction from the gross weight of
goods, different in different countries, such as tare and
AlOlow6ance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allowancing (?).] [See
Allowance, n.] To put upon a fixed ~ (esp. of provisions and
drink); to supply in a fixed and limited quantity; as, the
captain was obliged to allowance his crew; our provisions
were allowanced.
AlOlow6edOly (?)(?) adv. By allowance; admittedly.
AlOlow6er (?), n. 1. An approver or abettor. [Obs.]
2. One who allows or permits.
AlOlox6an (?), n. [Allantoin + oxalic, as containing the
elements of allantion and oxalic acid.] (Chem.) An oxidation
product of uric acid. It is of a pale reddish color, readily
soluble in water or alcohol.
AlOlox6aOnate (?), n. (Chem.) A combination of alloxanic
acid and a base or base or positive radical.
Al7loxOan6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to alloxan; P
applied to an acid obtained by the action of soluble
alkalies on alloxan.
Al7loxOan6tin (?), n. (Chem.) A substance produced by acting
upon uric with warm and very dilute nitric acid.
AlOloy6 , n. [OE. alai, OF. alei, F. aloyer, to alloy, alier
to ally. See Alloy, v. t.] 1. Any combination or compound of
metals fused together; a mixture of metals; for example,
brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc. But when
mercury is one of the metals, the compound is called an
2. The quality, or comparative purity, of gold or silver;
3. A baser metal mixed with a finer.
Fine silver is silver without the mixture of any baser
metal. Alloy is baser metal mixed with it.
4. Admixture of anything which lessens the value or detracts
from; as, no happiness is without alloy. =Pure English
without Latin alloy.8
F. Harrison.
AlOloy6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alloyed (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Alloying.] [ F. aloyer, OF. alier, allier, later allayer,
fr. L. aligare. See Alloy, n., Ally, v. t., and cf. Allay.]
1. To reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable
substance; as, to alloy gold with silver or copper, or
silver with copper.
2. To mix, as metals, so as to form a compound.
3. To abate, impair, or debase by mixture; to allay; as, to
alloy pleasure with misfortunes.
AlOloy6, v. t. To form a metallic compound.
Gold and iron alloy with ease.
AlOloy6age (?), n. [F. aloyage.] The act or art of alloying
metals; also, the combination or alloy.
All7PposOsessed6 (?), a. Controlled by an evil spirit or by
evil passions; wild. [Colloq.]
{ All6 Saints7 (?), All6 Saints' (?), } The first day of
November, called, also, Allhallows or Hallowmas; a feast day
kept in honor of all the saints; also, the season of this
All6 Souls' Day7 (?). The second day of November; a feast
day of the Roman Catholic church., on which supplications
are made for the souls of the faithful dead.
All6spice7 (?), n. The berry of the pimento (Eugenia
pimenta), a tree of the West Indies; a spice of a mildly
pungent taste, and agreeably aromatic; Jamaica pepper;
pimento. It has been supposed to combine the flavor of
cinnamon, nutmegs, and cloves; and hence the name. The name
is also given to other aromatic shrubs; as, the Carolina
allspice (Calycanthus floridus); wild allspice (Lindera
benzoin), called also spicebush, spicewood, and feverbush.
All7thing7 (?), adv. [For in all (= every) thing.]
Altogether. [Obs.]
AlOlude6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Alluded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Alluding.] [L. alludere to play with, to allude; ad + ludere
to play.] To refer to something indirectly or by suggestion;
to have reference to a subject not specifically and plainly
mentioned; P followed by to; as, the story alludes to a
recent transaction.
These speeches... do seem to allude unto such ministerial
garments as were then in use.
Syn. - To refer; point; indicate; hint; suggest; intimate;
signify; insinuate; advert. See Refer.
AlOlude6, v. t. To compare allusively; to refer (something)
as applicable. [Obs.]
X Al7lu7mette (?), n. [F., from allumer to light.] A match
for lighting candles, lamps, etc.
AlOlu6miOnor (?), n. [OF. alumineor, fr. L. ad + liminare.
See Luminate.] An illuminator of manuscripts and books; a
limner. [Obs.]
AlOlur6ance (?), n. Allurement. [R.]
AlOlure6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alluded (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Alluring.] [OF. aleurrer, alurer, fr. a (L. ad) + leurre
lure. See Lure.] To attempt to draw; to tempt by a lure or
bait, that is, by the offer of some good, real or apparent;
to invite by something flattering or acceptable; to entice;
to attract.
With promised joys allured them on.
The golden sun in splendor likest Heaven
Allured his eye.
Syn. - To attract; entice; tempt; decoy; seduce. P To
Allure, Entice, Decoy, Seduce. These words agree in the idea
of acting upon the mind by some strong controlling
influence, and differ according to the image under which is
presented. They are all used in a bad sense, except allure,
which has sometimes (though rarely) a good one. We are
allured by the prospect or offer (usually deceptive) of some
future good. We are commonly enticed into evil by appeals to
our passions. We are decoyed into danger by false
appearances or representations. We are seduced when drawn
aside from the path of rectitude. What allures draws by
gentle means; what entices leads us by promises and
persuasions; what decoys betrays us, as it were, into a
snare or net; what seduces deceives us by artful appeals to
the passions.
AlOlure6, n. Allurement. [R.]
X Al7lure6 (?), n. [F.; aller to go.] Gait; bearing.
The swing, the gait, the pose, the allure of these men.
Harper's Mag.
AlOlure6ment (?), n. 1. The act alluring; temptation;
Though Adam by his wife's allurement fell.

2. That which allures; any real or apparent good held forth,
or operating, as a motive to action; as, the allurements of
pleasure, or of honor.
AlOlur6er (?), n. One who, or that which, allures.
AlOlur6ing, a. That allures; attracting; charming; tempting.
P AlOlur6ingOly, adv. P AlOlur6ingOness, n.
AlOlu6sion (?), n. [L. allusio, fr. alludere to allude: cf.
F. allusion.] 1. A figurative or symbolical reference.
2. A reference to something supposed to be known, but not
explicitly mentioned; a covert indication; indirect
reference; a hint.
AlOlu6sive (?), a. 1. Figurative; symbolical.
2. Having reference to something not fully expressed;
containing an allusion.
AlOlu6siveOly, adv. Figuratively [Obs.]; by way of allusion;
by implication, suggestion, or insinuation.
AlOlu6siveOness, n. The quality of being allusive.
AlOlu6soOry (?), a. Allusive. [R.]
AlOlu6viOal (?), a. [Cf. F. alluvial. See Alluvion.]
Pertaining to, contained in, or composed of, alluvium;
relating to the deposits made by flowing water; washed away
from one place and deposited in another; as, alluvial soil,
mud, accumulations, deposits.
AlOlu6viOon (?), n. [F. alluvion, L. alluvio, fr. alluere to
wash against; ad + luere, equiv. to lavare, to wash. See
Lave.] 1. Wash or flow of water against the shore or bank.
2. An overflowing; an inundation; a flood.
3. Matter deposited by an inundation or the action of
flowing water; alluvium.
The golden alluvions are there [in California and
Australia] spread over a far wider space: they are found not
only on the banks of rivers, and in their beds, but are
scattered over the surface of vast plains.
R. Cobden.
4. (Law) An accession of land gradually washed to the shore
or bank by the flowing of water. See Accretion.]
AlOlu6viOous (?), n. [L. alluvius. See Alluvion.] Alluvial.
AlOlu6viOum (?), n.; pl. E. Alluviums, L. Alluvia (?). [L.,
neut. of alluvius. See Alluvious.] (Geol.) Deposits of
earth, sand, gravel, and other transported matter, made by
rivers, floods, or other causes, upon land not permanently
submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas.
All6where7 (?), adv. Everywhere. [Archaic]
All6work7 (?), n. Domestic or other work of all kinds; as, a
maid of allwork, that is, a general servant.
AlOly6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allied (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Allying.] [OE. alien, OF. alier, F. alier, fr. L. alligare
to bind to; ad + ligare to bind. Cf. Alligate, Alloy, Allay,
Ligament.] 1. To unite, or form a connection between, as
between families by marriage, or between princes and states
by treaty, league, or confederacy; P often followed by to or
O chief! in blood, and now in arms allied.
2. To connect or form a relation between by similitude,
resemblance, friendship, or love.
These three did love each other dearly well,
And with so firm affection were allied.
The virtue nearest to our vice allied.
5 Ally is generally used in the passive form or reflexively.
AlOly6 (?), n.; pl. Allies (?). [See Ally, v.] 1. A
relative; a kinsman. [Obs.]
2. One united to another by treaty or league; P usually
applied to sovereigns or states; a confederate.
The English soldiers and their French allies.
3. Anything associated with another as a helper; an
Science, instead of being the enemy of religion, becomes its
4. Anything akin to another by structure, etc.
Al6ly (?), n. See Alley, a marble or taw.
Al6lyl (?), n. [L. allium garlic + Oyl.] (Chem.) An organic
radical, C3H5, existing especially in oils of garlic and
Al6lyOlene (?), n. (Chem.) A gaseous hydrocarbon, C3H4,
homologous with acetylene; propine<--; propyne -->.
Al6ma, Al6mah (?), n. Same as Alme.
Al7maOcan6tar (?), n. (Astron.) (a) Same as Almucantar. (b)
A recently invented instrument for observing the heavenly
bodies as they cross a given almacantar circle. See
{ X Al7maOdi6a (?), X Al6maOdie (?), } n. [F. almadie (cf.
Sp. & Pg. almadia), fr. Ar. alma'dFyah a raft, float.]
(Naut.) (a) A bark canoe used by the Africans. (b) A boat
used at Calicut, in India, about eighty feet long, and six
or seven broad.
Al6maOgest (?), n. [F. almageste, LL. almageste, Ar.
alPmajistF, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), the greatest composition.]
The celebrated work of Ptolemy of Alexandria, which contains
nearly all that is known of the astronomical observations
and theories of the ancients. The name was extended to other
similar works.
X AlOma6gra (?), n. [Sp. almagra, almagre, fr. Ar.
alPmaghrah red clay or earth.] A fine, deep red ocher,
somewhat purplish, found in Spain. It is the sil atticum of
the ancients. Under the name of Indian red it is used for
polishing glass and silver.
{ Al6main (?), Al6mayne (?), Al6man (?), } n. [OF. Aleman,
F. Allemand, fr. L. Alemanni, ancient Ger. tribes.] [Obs.]
1. A German. Also adj., German.
2. The German language.
J. Foxe.
3. A kind of dance. See Allemande.
Almain rivets, Almayne rivets, or Alman rivets, a sort of
light armor from Germany, characterized by overlapping
plates, arranged to slide on rivets, and thus afford great
X Al6ma Ma6ter (?). [L., fostering mother.] A college or
seminary where one is educated.
Al6maOnac (?; 277), n. [LL. almanac, almanach: cf. F.
almanach, Sp. almanaque, It. almanacco, all of uncertain
origin.] A book or table, containing a calendar of days, and
months, to which astronomical data and various statistics
are often added, such as the times of the rising and setting
of the sun and moon, eclipses, hours of full tide, stated
festivals of churches, terms of courts, etc.
Nautical almanac, an almanac, or year book, containing
astronomical calculations (lunar, stellar, etc.), and other
information useful to mariners.

<-- P. 43 -->
Al6manOdine (?), n. [LL. almandina, alamandina, for L.
alabandina a precious stone, named after Alabanda, a town in
Caria, where it was first and chiefly found: cf. F.
almandine.] (Min.) The common red variety of garnet.
{ X Al6me, X Al6meh } (?), n. [Ar. 'almah (fem.) learned,
fr. 'alama to know: cf. F. alme.] An Egyptian dancing girl;
an Alma.
The Almehs lift their arms in dance.
Bayard Taylor.
X Al7menOdron6 (?), n. [Sp., fr. almendra almond.] The lofty
BrazilPnut tree.
Al6merOy (?), n. See Ambry. [Obs.]
Alm6esse (?), n. See Alms. [Obs.]
{ AlOmight6ful (?), AlOmight6iOful (?), } a. AllPpowerful;
almighty. [Obs.]
AlOmight6iOly, adv. With almighty power.
AlOmight6iOness, n. Omnipotence; infinite or boundless
power; unlimited might.
Jer. Taylor.
AlOmight6y (?), a. [AS. ealmihtig, lmihtig; eal (OE. al)
ail + mihtig mighty.] 1. Unlimited in might; omnipotent;
allPpowerful; irresistible.
I am the Almighty God.
Gen. xvii. 1.
2. Great; extreme; terrible. [Slang]
Poor Aroar can not live, and can not die, P so that he is in
an almighty fix.
De Quincey.
The Almighty, the omnipotent God.
Rev. i. 8.
Alm6ner (?), n. An almoner. [Obs.]
Alm6ond (?), n. [OE. almande, almaunde, alemaunde, F.
amande, L. amygdala, fr. Gr. ?: cf. Sp. almendra. Cf.
Amygdalate.] 1. The fruit of the almond tree.
5 The different kinds, as bitter, sweet, thinPshelled,
thickPshelled almonds, and Jordan almonds, are the products
of different varieties of the one species, Amygdalus
communis, a native of the Mediterranean region and western
2. The tree bears the fruit; almond tree.
3. Anything shaped like an almond. Specifically: (Anat.) One
of the tonsils.
Almond oil, fixed oil expressed from sweet or bitter
almonds. P Oil of bitter almonds, a poisonous volatile oil
obtained from bitter almonds by maceration and distillation;
benzoic aldehyde. P Imitation oil of bitter almonds,
nitrobenzene. P Almond tree (Bot.), the tree bearing the
almond. P Almond willow (Bot.), a willow which has leaves
that are of a light green on both sides; almondPleaved
willow (Salix amygdalina).
Al6mond fur7nace (?). [Prob. a corruption of Almain furnace,
i. e., German furnace. See Almain.] A kind of furnace used
in refining, to separate the metal from cinders and other
foreign matter.
Al6monOdine (?), n. See Almandine
Al6monOer (?), n. [OE. aumener, aulmener, OF. almosnier,
aumosnier, F. aumnier, fr. OF. almosne, alms, L.
eleemosyna. See Alms.] One who distributes alms, esp. the
doles and alms of religious houses, almshouses, etc.; also,
one who dispenses alms for another, as the almoner of a
prince, bishop, etc.
Al6monOerOship, n. The office of an almoner.
Al6monOry (?), n.; pl. Almonries (?). [OF. aumosnerie, F.
aumnerie, fr. OF. aumosnier. See Almoner.] The place where
an almoner resides, or where alms are distributed.
Al6mose (?), n. Alms. [Obs.]
Al6most (?), adv. [AS. ealmst, lmst, quite the most,
almost all; eal (OE. al) all + m?st most.] Nearly; well
nigh; all but; for the greatest part.
Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian.
Acts xxvi. 28.
Almost never, scarcely ever. P Almost nothing, scarcely
Alm6ry (?), n. See Almonry. [Obs.]
Alms (?), n. sing. & pl. [OE. almes, almesse, AS. lmysse,
fr. L. eleemosyna, Gr. ? mercy, charity, alms, fr. ? to
pity. Cf. Almonry, Eleemosynary.] Anything given
gratuitously to relieve the poor, as money, food, or
clothing; a gift of charity.
A devout man... which gave much alms to the people.
Acts x. 2.
Alms are but the vehicles of prayer.

Tenure by free alms. See Frankalmoign.
5 This word alms is singular in its form (almesse), and is
sometimes so used; as, =asked am alms.8 Acts iii.
3.=Received an alms.8 Shak. It is now, however, commonly a
collective or plural noun. It is much used in composition,
as almsgiver, almsgiving, alms bag, alms chest, etc.
Alms6deed7 (?), n. An act of charity.
Acts ix. 36.
Alms6folk7 (?), n. Persons supported by alms; almsmen.
Alms6giv7er (?), n. A giver of alms.
Alms6giv7ing (?), n. The giving of alms.
Alms6house7 (?), n. A house appropriated for the use of the
poor; a poorhouse.
Alms6man (?), n.; fem. Almswoman. 1. A recipient of alms.
2. A giver of alms. [R.]
Al7muOcan6tar (?), n. [F. almucantarat, almicantarat,
ultimately fr. Ar. alPmuqantar>t, pl., fr. qantara to bend,
arch.] (Astron.) A small circle of the sphere parallel to
the horizon; a circle or parallel of altitude. Two stars
which have the same almucantar have the same altitude. See
Almacantar. [Archaic]
Almucanter staff, an ancient instrument, having an arc of
fifteen degrees, formerly used at sea to take observations
of the sun's amplitude at the time of its rising or setting,
to find the variation of the compass.
Al6muce (?), n. Same as Amice, a hood or cape.
X AlOmude6 (?), n. [Pg. almude, or Sp. almud, a measure of
grain or dry fruit, fr. Ar. alPmudd a dry measure.] A
measure for liquids in several countries. In Portugal the
Lisbon almude is about 4.4, and the Oporto almude about 6.6,
gallons U. S. measure. In Turkey the =almud8 is about 1.4
{ Al6mug (?), Al6gum (?), } n. [Heb., perh. borrowed fr.
Skr. valguka sandalwood.] (Script.) A tree or wood of the
Bible (2 Chron. ii. 8; 1 K. x. ??).
5 Most writers at the present day follow Celsius, who takes
it to be the red sandalwood of China and the Indian
W. Smith.
Al6nage (?), n., [OF. alnage, aulnage, F. aunage, fr. OF.
alne ell, of Ger. origin: cf. OHG. elina, Goth. aleina,
cubit. See Ell.] (O. Eng. Law) Measurement (of cloth) by the
ell; also, a duty for such measurement.
Al6naOger (?), n. [See Alnage.] A measure by the ell;
formerly a sworn officer in England, whose duty was to
inspect act measure woolen cloth, and fix upon it a seal.
Al6oe (?), n.; pl. Aloes (?). [L. alo , Gr. ?, aloe: cf. OF.
aloe, F. alo
s.] 1. pl. The wood of the agalloch. [Obs.]
2. (Bot.) A genus of succulent plants, some classed as
trees, others as shrubs, but the greater number having the
habit and appearance of evergreen herbaceous plants; from
some of which are prepared articles for medicine and the
arts. They are natives of warm countries.
3. pl. (Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of
aloe, used as a purgative. [Plural in form but syntactically
American aloe, Century aloe, the agave. See Agave.
Al6oes wood7 (?). See Agalloch.
Al7oOet6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. alotique.] Consisting chiefly of
aloes; of the nature of aloes.
Al7oOet6ic, n. A medicine containing chiefly aloes.
AOloft6 (?; 115), adv. [Pref. aO + loft, which properly
meant air. See Loft.] 1. On high; in the air; high above the
ground. =He steers his flight aloft.8
2. (Naut.) In the top; at the mast head, or on the higher
yards or rigging; overhead; hence (Fig. and Colloq.), in or
to heaven.
AOloft6, prep. Above; on top of. [Obs.]
Fresh waters run aloft the sea.
AOlo6giOan (?), n. [LL. Alogiani, Alogii, fr. Gr. ?; ? priv.
+ ? word.] (Eccl.) One of an ancient sect who rejected St.
John's Gospel and the Apocalypse, which speak of Christ as
the Logos.
Al6oOgy (?), n. [L. alogia, Gr. ?, fr. ? priv. + ? reason.]
Unreasonableness; absurdity. [Obs.]
Al6oOin (?), n. (Chem.) A bitter purgative principle in
Al6oOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ?, salt + Omancy: cf. F. alomancie,
halomancie.] Divination by means of salt. [Spelt also
AOlone6 (?), a. [All + one. OE. al one all allone, AS. >n
one, alone. See All, One, Lone.] 1. Quite by one's self;
apart from, or exclusive of, others; single; solitary; O
applied to a person or thing.
Alone on a wide, wide sea.
It is not good that the man should be alone.
Gen. ii. 18.
2. Of or by itself; by themselves; without any thing more or
any one else; without a sharer; only.
Man shall not live by bread alone.
Luke iv. 4.
The citizens alone should be at the expense.
3. Sole; only; exclusive. [R.]
God, by whose alone power and conversation we all live, and
move, and have our being.
4. Hence; Unique; rare; matchless.
5 The adjective alone commonly follows its noun.
To let or leave alone, to abstain from interfering with or
molesting; to suffer to remain in its present state.
AOlone6, adv. Solely; simply; exclusively.
AOlone6ly, adv. Only; merely; singly. [Obs.]
This said spirit was not given alonely unto him, but unto
all his heirs and posterity.
AOlone6ly, a. Exclusive. [Obs.]
AOlone6ness, n. A state of being alone, or without company;
solitariness. [R.]
Bp. Montagu.
AOlong6 (?; 115), adv. [OE. along, anlong, AS. andlang,
along; pref. andO (akin to OFris. ondO, OHG. antO, Ger.
entO, Goth. andO, andaO, L. ante, Gr. ?, Skr. anti, over
against) + lang long. See Long.] 1. By the length; in a line
with the length; lengthwise.
Some laid along... on spokes of wheels are hung.
2. In a line, or with a progressive motion; onward; forward.
We will go along by the king's highway.
Numb. xxi. 22.
He struck with his o'ertaking wings,
And chased us south along.
3. In company; together.
He to England shall along with you.
All along, all trough the course of; during the whole time;
throughout. =I have all along declared this to be a neutral
paper.8 Addison. P To get along, to get on; to make
progress, as in business. =She 'll get along in heaven
better than you or I.8
Mrs. Stowe.
AOlong6, prep. By the length of, as distinguished from
across. =Along the lowly lands.8
The kine... went along the highway.
1 Sam. vi. 12.
AOlong6. [AS. gelang owing to.] (Now heard only in the prep.
phrase along of.)
Along of, Along on, often shortened to Long of, prep. phr.,
owing to; on account of. [Obs. or Low. Eng.] =On me is not
along thin evil fare.8 Chaucer. =And all this is long of
you.8 Shak. =This increase of price is all along of the
foreigners.8 London Punch.
AOlong6shore7 (?), adv. Along the shore or coast.
AOlong6shore7man (?), n. See Longshoreman.
AOlong6side7 (?), adv. Along or by the side; side by side
with; P often with of; as, bring the boat alongside;
alongside of him; alongside of the tree.
AOlongst6 (?; 115), prep. & adv. [Formed fr. along, like
amongst fr. among.] Along. [Obs.]
AOloof6 (?), n. (Zol.) Same as Alewife.
AOloof6, adv. [Pref. aO + loof, fr. D. loef luff, and so
meaning, as a nautical word, to the windward. See Loof,
Luff.] 1. At or from a distance, but within view, or at a
small distance; apart; away.
Our palace stood aloof from streets.
2. Without sympathy; unfavorably.
To make the Bible as from the hand of God, and then to look
at it aloof and with caution, is the worst of all impieties.
I. Taylor.
AOloof6 (?), prep. Away from; clear from. [Obs.]
Rivetus... would fain work himself aloof these rocks and
AOloof6ness, n. State of being aloof.
Rogers (1642).
The... aloofness of his dim forest life.
{ X Al7oOpe6ciOa (?), AOlop6eOcy (?), } n. [L. alopecia, Gr.
?, fr. ? fox, because loss of the hair is common among
foxes.] (med.) Loss of the hair; baldness.
AOlop6eOcist (?), n. A practitioner who tries to prevent or
cure baldness.
AOlose6 (?), v. t. [OE. aloser.] To praise. [Obs.]
A6lose (?), n. [F., fr. L. alosa or alausa.] (Zol.) The
European shad (Clupea alosa); P called also allice shad or
allis shad. The name is sometimes applied to the American
shad (Clupea sapidissima). See Shad.
X Al7ouOatte6 (?), n. [Of uncertain origin.] (Zol.) One of
the several species of howling monkeys of South America.
See Howler, 2.
AOloud6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + loud.] With a loud voice, or
great noise; loudly; audibly.
Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice.
Isa. lviii. 1.
AOlow6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + low.] Below; in a lower part.
=Aloft, and then alow.8
Alp (?), n. [L. Alpes the Alps, said to be of Celtic origin;
cf. Gael. alp a high mountain, Ir. ailp any huge mass or
lump: cf. F. Alpes.] 1. A very high mountain. Specifically,
in the plural, the highest chain of mountains in Europe,
containing the lofty mountains of Switzerland, etc.
Nor breath of vernal air from snowy alp.
Hills peep o'er hills, and alps on alps arise.
2. Fig.: Something lofty, or massive, or very hard to be
5 The plural form Alps is sometimes used as a singular. =The
Alps doth spit.8
Alp, n. A bullfinch.
Rom. of R.
AlOpac6a (?), n. [Sp. alpaca, fr. the original Peruvian name
of the animal. Cf. Paco.] 1. (Zol.) An animal of Peru (Lama
paco), having long, fine, wooly hair, supposed by some to be
a domesticated variety of the llama.
2. Wool of the alpaca.
3. A thin kind of cloth made of the wooly hair of the
alpaca, often mixed with silk or with cotton.
Al6pen (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Alps. [R.] =The Alpen
J. Fletcher.
X Al6penOstock7 (?), n. [G.; Alp, gen. pl. Alpen + stock
stick.] A long staff, pointed with iron, used in climbing
the Alps.
AlOpes6trine (?), a. [L. Alpestris.] Pertaining to the Alps,
or other high mountains; as, Alpestrine diseases, etc.
Al6pha (?), n. [L. alpha, Gr. ?, from Heb. >leph, name of
the first letter in the alphabet, also meaning ox.] The
first letter in the Greek alphabet, answering to A, and
hence used to denote the beginning.
In am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first
and the last.
Rev. xxii. 13.
Formerly used also denote the chief; as, Plato was the alpha
of the wits.
5 In cataloguing stars, the brightest star of a
constellation in designated by Alpha (?); as, ? Lyr.
Al6phaObet (?), n. [L. alphabetum, fr. Gr. ? + ?, the first
two Greek letters; Heb. >leph and beth: cf. F. alphabet.] 1.
The letters of a language arranged in the customary order;
the series of letters or signs which form the elements of
written language.
2. The simplest rudiments; elements.
The very alphabet of our law.
Deaf and dumb alphabet. See Dactylology.
Al6phaObet, v. t. To designate by the letters of the
alphabet; to arrange alphabetically. [R.]
Al7phaObetOa6riOan (?), n. A learner of the alphabet; an
Abp. Sancroft.
{ Al7phaObet6ic (?), Al7phaObet6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
alphabtique.] 1. Pertaining to, furnished with, expressed
by, or in the order of, the letters of the alphabet; as,
alphabetic characters, writing, languages, arrangement.
2. Literal. [Obs.] =Alphabetical servility.8
Al7phaObet6icOalOly, adv. In an alphabetic manner; in the
customary order of the letters.
Al7phaObet6ics (?), n. The science of representing spoken
sounds by letters.
Al6phaObetOism (?), n. The expression of spoken sounds by an
Encyc. Brit.
Al6phaObetOize (?), v. t. 1. To arrange alphabetically; as,
to alphabetize a list of words.
2. To furnish with an alphabet.
AlOphen6ic (?), n. [F. alfnic, alphnic, Sp. alfe?ique, Ar.
alPf>nFd sweetness, sugar, fr. Per. f>nFd, p>nFd, sugar,
cheese preserved in sugar.] (Med.) The crystallized juice of
the sugarcane; sugar candy.
AlPphit6oOman7cy (?), n. [Gr. ? barley meal + Omancy: cf. F.
alphitomancie.] Divination by means of barley meal.

<-- p. 44 -->

AlOphon6sine (?), a. Of or relating to Alphonso X., the
Wise, King of Castile (1252P1284).
Alphonsine tables, astronomical tables prepared under the
patronage of Alphonso the Wise.
Al6piOgene (?), a. [L. Alpes Alps + Ogen.] Growing in Alpine
Al6pine (?), a. [L. Alpinus, fr. Alpes the Alps: cf. F.
Alpin.] 1. Of or pertaining to the Alps, or to any lofty
mountain; as, Alpine snows; Alpine plants.
2. Like the Alps; lofty. =Gazing up an Alpine height.8
Al6pinOist (?), n. A climber of the Alps.
{ Al6pist (?), Al6piOa (?), } n. [F.: cf. Sp. & Pg.
alpiste.] The seed of canary grass (Phalaris Canariensis),
used for feeding cage birds.
X Al6quiOfou (?), n. [Equiv. to arquifoux, F. alquifoux, Sp.
alquif"l, fr. the same Arabic word as alcohol. See Alcohol.]
A lead ore found in Cornwall, England, and used by potters
to give a green glaze to their wares; potter's ore.
AlOread6y (?), adv. [All (OE. al) + ready.] Prior to some
specified time, either past, present, or future; by this
time; previously. =Joseph was in Egypt already.8
Exod. i. 5.
I say unto you, that Elias is come already.
Matt. xvii. 12.
5 It has reference to past time, but may be used for a
future past; as, when you shall arrive, the business will be
already completed, or will have been already completed.
Als (?), adv. 1. Also. [Obs.]
2. As. [Obs.]
AlOsa6tian (?), a. Pertaining to Alsatia.
AlOsa6tian, n. An inhabitant of Alsatia or Alsace in
Germany, or of Alsatia or White Friars (a resort of debtors
and criminals) in London.
X Al7 se6gno (?). [It., to the mark or sign.] (Mus.) A
direction for the performer to return and recommence from
the sign ?.
Al6sike (?), n. [From Alsike, in Sweden.] A species of
clover with pinkish or white flowers; Trifolium hybridum.
Al6so (?), adv. & conj. [All + so. OE. al so, AS. ealsw>,
alsw?, lsw; eal, al, l, all + sw> so. See All, So, As.]
1. In like manner; likewise. [Obs.]
2. In addition; besides; as well; further; too.
Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven... for where your
treasure is, there will your heart be also.
Matt. vi. 20.
3. Even as; as; so. [Obs.]
Syn. - Also, Likewise, Too. These words are used by way of
transition, in leaving one thought and passing to another.
Also is the widest term. It denotes that what follows is all
so, or entirely like that which preceded, or may be affirmed
with the same truth; as, =If you were there, I was there
also;8 8If our situation has some discomforts, it has also
many sources of enjoyment.8 Too is simply less formal and
pointed than also; it marks the transition with a lighter
touch; as, =I was there too;8 8a courtier yet a patriot
too.8 Pope. Likewise denotes literally =in like manner,8 and
hence has been thought by some to be more specific than
also. =It implies,8 says Whately, =some connection or
agreement between the words it unites. We may say, ? He is a
poet, and likewise a musician; 'but we should not say, ? He
is a prince, and likewise a musician, because there is no
natural connection between these qualities.8 This
distinction, however, is often disregarded.
Alt (?), a. & n. [See Alto.] (Mus.) The higher part of the
scale. See Alto.
To be in ~, to be in an exalted state of mind.
AlOta6ian (?), AlOta6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. alta que.] Of or
pertaining to the Altai, a mountain chain in Central Asia.
Al6tar (?), n. [OE. alter, auter, autier, fr. L. altare, pl.
altaria, ~, prob. fr. altus high: cf. OF. alter, autier, F.
autel. Cf. Altitude.] 1. A raised structure (as a square or
oblong erection of stone or wood) on which sacrifices are
offered or incense burned to a deity.
Noah builded an altar unto the Lord.
Gen. viii. 20.
2. In the Christian church, a construction of stone, wood,
or other material for the celebration of the Holy Eucharist;
the communion table.
5 Altar is much used adjectively, or as the first part of a
compound; as, altar bread or altarPbread.
w cloth or wPcloth, the cover for an ~ in a Christian
church, usually richly embroidered. P w cushion, a cushion
laid upon the ~ in a Christian church to support the service
book. P w frontal. See Frontal. P w rail, the railing in
front of the ~ or communion table. P w screen, a wall or
partition built behind an ~ to protect it from approach in
the rear. P w tomb, a tomb resembling an ~ in shape, etc. P
Family ~, place of family devotions. P To ?ead (as a bride)
to the ~, to marry; P said of a woman.
Al6tarOage (?), n. [Cf. OF. auterage, autelage.] 1. The
offerings made upon the altar, or to a church.
2. The profit which accrues to the priest, by reason of the
altar, from the small tithes.
Al6tarOist (?), n. [Cf. LL. altarista, F. altariste.] (Old
Law) (a) A chaplain. (b) A vicar of a church.
Al6tarOpiece7 (?), n. The painting or piece of sculpture
above and behind the altar; reredos.
Al6tarOwise7 (?), adv. In the proper position of an altar,
that is, at the east of a church with its ends towards the
north and south.
AltOaz6iOmuth (?), n. [Alltude + azimuth.] (Astron.) An
instrument for taking azimuths and altitudes simultaneously.
Al6ter (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Altered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Altering.] [F. altrer, LL. alterare, fr. L. alter other,
alius other. Cf. Else, Other.] 1. To make otherwise; to
change in some respect, either partially or wholly; to vary;
to modify. =To alter the king's course.8 =To alter the
condition of a man.8 =No power in Venice can alter a
It gilds all objects, but it alters none.
My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is
gone out of my lips.
Ps. lxxxix. 34.
2. To agitate; to affect mentally. [Obs.]
3. To geld. [Colloq.]
Syn. - Change, Alter. Change is generic and the stronger
term. It may express a loss of identity, or the substitution
of one thing in place of another; alter commonly expresses a
partial change, or a change in form or details without
destroying identity.
Al6ter, v. i. To become, in some respects, different; to
vary; to change; as, the weather alters almost daily; rocks
or minerals alter by exposure. =The law of the Medes and
Persians, which altereth not.8
Dan. vi. 8.
Al7terOaObil6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. altrabilit.] The quality
of being alterable; alterableness.
Al6terOaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. altrable.] Capable of being
Our condition in this world is mutable and uncertain,
alterable by a thousand accidents.
Al6terOaObleOness, n. The quality of being alterable;
variableness; alterability.
Al6terOaObly, adv. In an alterable manner.
Al6terOant (?), a. [LL. alterans, p. pr.: cf. F. altrant.]
Altering; gradually changing.
Al6terOant, n. An alterative. [R.]
Al7terOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. altration.] 1. The act of
altering or making different.
Alteration, though it be from worse to better, hath in it
2. The state of being altered; a change made in the form or
nature of a thing; changed condition.
Ere long might perceive
Strange alteration in me.
Appius Claudius admitted to the senate the sons of those who
had been slaves; by which, and succeeding alterations, that
council degenerated into a most corrupt.
Al6terOaOtive (?), a. [L. alterativus: cf. F. altratif.]
Causing alteration. Specifically: (Med.) Gradually changing,
or tending to change, a morbid state of the functions into
one of health.
Al6terOaOtive, n. A medicine or treatment which gradually
induces a change, and restores healthy functions without
sensible evacuations.
Al6terOcate (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Altercated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Altercating.] [L. altercatus, p. p. of altercare,
altercari, fr. alter another. See Alter.] The contend in
words; to dispute with zeal, heat, or anger; to wrangle.
Al7terOca6tion (?; 277), n. [F. altercation, fr. L.
altercatio.] Warm contention in words; dispute carried on
with heat or anger; controversy; wrangle; wordy contest.
=Stormy altercations.8
Syn. - Altercation, Dispute, Wrangle. The term dispute is in
most cases, but not necessarily, applied to a verbal
contest; as, a dispute on the lawfulness of war. An
altercation is an angry dispute between two parties,
involving an interchange of severe language. A wrangle is a
confused and noisy altercation.
Their whole life was little else than a perpetual wrangling
and altercation.
Al6terOcaOtive (?), a. Characterized by wrangling; scolding.
AlOter6iOty (?), n. [F. altrit.] The state or quality of
being other; a being otherwise. [R.]
For outness is but the feeling of otherness (alterity)
rendered intuitive, or alterity visually represented.
Al6tern (?), a. [L. alternus, fr. alter another: cf. F.
alterne.] Acting by turns; alternate.
w base (Trig.), a second side made base, in distinction a
side previously regarded as base.
AlOter6naOcy (?), n. Alternateness; alternation. [R.]
AlOter6nant (?), a. [L. alternans, p. pr.: cf. F. alternant.
See Alternate, v. t.] (Geol.) Composed of alternate layers,
as some rocks.
AlOter6nate (?; 277), a. [L. alternatus, p. p. of alternate,
fr. alternus. See Altern, Alter.] 1. Being or succeeding by
turns; one following the other in succession of time or
place; by turns first one and then the other; hence,
And bid alternate passions fall and rise.
2. Designating the members in a series, which regularly
intervene between the members of another series, as the odd
or even numbers of the numerals; every other; every second;
as, the alternate members 1, 3, 5, 7, etc.; read every
alternate line.
3. (Bot.) Distributed, as leaves, singly at different
heights of the stem, and at equal intervals as respects
angular divergence.
w alligation. See Alligation. P w angles (Geom.), the
internal and angles made by two lines with a third, on
opposite sides of it. It the parallels AB, CD, are cut by
the line EF, the angles AGH, GHD, as also the angles BGH and
GHC, are called alternate angles. P w generation. (Biol.)
See under Generation.
AlOter6nate (?; 277), n. 1. That which alternates with
something else; vicissitude. [R.]

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