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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

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should be genuine and easy, wanting the beauty that
accompanies what is natural what is natural.
2. A striving after. [Obs.]
Bp. Pearson.
3. Fondness; affection. [Obs.]
Af7fecOta6tionOist, n. One who exhibits affectation. [R.]
Fitzed. Hall.
AfOfect6ed (?), p. p. & a. 1. Regarded with affection;
beloved. [Obs.]
His affected Hercules.
2. Inclined; disposed; attached.
How stand you affected his wish?
3. Given to false show; assuming or pretending to posses
what is not natural or real.
He is... too spruce, too affected, too odd.
4. Assumed artificially; not natural.
Affected coldness and indifference.
5. (Alg.) Made up of terms involving different powers of the
unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation.
AfOfect6edOly, adv. 1. In an affected manner;
hypocritically; with more show than reality.
2. Lovingly; with tender care. [Obs.]
AfOfect6edOness, n. Affectation.
AfOfect6er (?), n. One who affects, assumes, pretends, or
strives after. =Affecters of wit.8
Abp. Secker.
AfOfect7iObil6iOty (?), n. The quality or state of being
affectible. [R.]
AfOfect6iObl? (?), a. That may be affected. [R.]
Lay aside the absolute, and, by union with the creaturely,
become affectible.
AfOfect6ing, a. 1. Moving the emotions; fitted to excite the
emotions; pathetic; touching; as, an affecting address; an
affecting sight.
The most affecting music is generally the most simple.
2. Affected; given to false show. [Obs.]
A drawling; affecting rouge.
AfOfect6ingOly (?), adv. In an affecting manner; is a manner
to excite emotions.
AfOfec6tion (?), n. [F. affection, L. affectio, fr.
afficere. See Affect.] 1. The act of affecting or acting
upon; the state of being affected.
2. An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a
bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc., are affections of
bodies. =The affections of quantity.8
And, truly, waking dreams were, more or less,
An old and strange affection of the house.
3. Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural
impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as,
the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc.; the
malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination;
disposition; propensity; tendency.
Affection is applicable to an unpleasant as well as a
pleasant state of the mind, when impressed by any object or
4. A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or
tender attachment; P often in the pl. Formerly followed by
to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial,
social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or
towards children.
All his affections are set on his own country.
5. Prejudice; bias. [Obs.]
Bp. Aylmer.
6. (Med.) Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary
7. The lively representation of any emotion.
8. Affectation. [Obs.] =Spruce affection.8
9. Passion; violent emotion. [Obs.]
Most wretched man,
That to affections does the bridle lend.
Syn. P Attachment; passion; tenderness; fondness; kindness;
love; good will. See Attachment; Disease.
AdOfec6tionOal (?), a. Of or pertaining to the affections;
as, affectional impulses; an affectional nature.
AfOfec6tionOate (?), a. [Cf. F. affectionn.] 1. Having
affection or warm regard; loving; fond; as, an affectionate
2. Kindly inclined; zealous. [Obs.]
Man, in his love God, and desire to please him, can never be
too affectionate.
3. Proceeding from affection; indicating love; tender; as,
the affectionate care of a parent; affectionate countenance,
message, language.
4. Strongly inclined; P with to. [Obs.]
Syn. P Tender; attached; loving; devoted; warm; fond;
earnest; ardent.
AfOfec6tionOa7ted, a. Disposed; inclined. [Obs.]
Affectionated to the people.
AfOfec6tionOateOly, adv. With affection; lovingly; fondly;
tenderly; kindly.
AfOfec6tionOateOness, n. The quality of being affectionate;
fondness; affection.
AfOfec6tioned (?), a. 1. Disposed. [Archaic]
Be kindly affectioned one to another.
Rom. xii. 10.
2. Affected; conceited. [Obs.]
AfOfec6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. affectif.] 1. Tending to affect;
affecting. [Obs.]
2. Pertaining to or exciting emotion; affectional;
AfOfec6tiveOly, adv. In an affective manner; impressively;
AfOfec6tuOous (?; 135), a. [L. affectuous: cf. F.
affectueux. See Affect.] Full of passion or emotion;
earnest. [Obs.] P AfOfec6tuOousOly, adv. [Obs.]
AfOfeer6 (?), v. t. [OF. aforer, afeurer, to tax, appraise,
assess, fr. L. ad + forum market, court of justice, in LL.
also meaning pri??.] 1. To confirm; to assure. [Obs.] =The
title is affeered.8
2. (Old Law) To assess or reduce, as an arbitrary penalty or
amercement, to a certain and reasonable sum.
Amercements... were affeered by the judges.
AfOfeer6er (?), AfOfeer6or (?), } n. [OF. aforeur, LL.
afforator.] (Old Law) One who affeers.
AfOfeer6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. aforement.] (Old Law) The act
of affeering.
Af6ferOent (?), a. [L. afferens, p. pr. of afferre; ad +
ferre to bear.] (Physiol.) Bearing or conducting inwards to
a part or organ; P opposed to efferent; as, afferent
vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the
external organs to the brain.
X AfOfet7tuOo6so (?), adv. [It.] (Mus.) With feeling.
AfOfi6ance (?), n. [OE. afiaunce trust, confidence, OF.
afiance, fr. afier to trust, fr. LL. affidare to trust; ad +
fidare to trust, fr. L. fides faith. See Faith, and cf.
Affidavit, Affy, Confidence.] 1. Plighted faith; marriage
contract or promise.
2. Trust; reliance; faith; confidence.
Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in
the divine love.
Sir J. Stephen.
Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have
Most joy and most affiance.
AfOfi6ance, v. t. [imp. ? p. p. Affianced (?); p. pr. ? vb.
n. Affiancing (?).] [Cf. OF. afiancier, fr. afiance.] 1. To
betroth; to pledge one's faith to for marriage, or solemnly
promise (one's self or another) in marriage.
To me, sad maid, he was affianced.
2. To assure by promise. [Obs.]
AfOfi6anOcer (?), n. One who makes a contract of marriage
between two persons.
AfOfi6ant (?), n. [From p. pr. of OF. afier, LL. affidare.
See Affidavit.] (Law) One who makes an affidavit. [U. S.]
Syn. P Deponent. See Deponent.
Af7fiOda6vit (?), n. [LL. affidavit he has made oath,
perfect tense of affidare. See Affiance, Affy.] (Law) A
sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed
and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate.
Bouvier. Burrill.
5 It is always made ex parte, and without crossPexamination,
and in this differs from a deposition. It is also applied to
written statements made on affirmation.
Syn. P Deposition. See Deposition.
AfOfile6 (?), v. t. [OF. afiler, F. affiler, to sharpen; a
(L. ad) + fil thread, edge.] To polish. [Obs.]
AfOfil6iOaOble (?), a. Capable of being affiliated to or on,
or connected with in origin.
AfOfil6iOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affiliated (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Affiliating (?).] [LL. adfiliare, affiliare, to
adopt as son; ad + filius son: cf. F. affilier.] 1. To
adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or
receive into close connection; to ally.
Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and in
I. Taylor.
2. To fix the paternity of; P said of an illegitimate child;
as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather
than another.
3. To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to.
How do these facts tend to affiliate the faculty of hearing
upon the aboriginal vegetative processes?
H. Spencer.
4. To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society
as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; P
followed by to or with.
Affiliated societies, societies connected with a central
society, or with each other.
AfOfil6iOate, v. i. To connect or associate one's self; P
followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.
AfOfil7iOa6tion (?), n. [F. affiliation, LL. affiliatio.] 1.
Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the
same family or society.
2. (Law) The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the
assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father;
3. Connection in the way of descent.
H. Spencer.
AfOfi6nal (?), a. [L. affinis.] Related by marriage; from
the same source.
AfOfine6 (?), v. t. [F. affiner to refine; ? (L. ad) + fin
fine. See Fine.] To refine. [Obs.]
AfOfined6 (?), a. [OF. afin related, p. p., fr. LL.
affinare to join, fr. L. affinis neighboring, related to; ad
+ finis boundary, limit.] Joined in affinity or by any tie.
[Obs.] =All affined and kin.8
AfOfin6iOtaOtive (?), a. Of the nature of affinity. P
AfOfin6iOtaOtiveOly, adv.
AfOfin6iOtive, a. Closely connected, as by affinity.
AfOfin6iOty (?), n.; pl. Affinities (?). [OF. afinit, F.
affinit, L. affinites, fr. affinis. See Affined.]
1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his
wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's
blood relations); P in contradistinction to consanguinity,
or relationship by blood; P followed by with, to, or
Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh.
1 Kings iii. 1.
2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity;
resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of
colors, or of languages.
There is a close affinity between imposture and credulity.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.]
About forty years past, I began a happy affinity with
William Cranmer.
4. (Chem.) That attraction which takes place, at an
insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of
bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism;
chemical or elective ~ or attraction.
5. (Nat. Hist.) A relation between species or highe? groups
dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and
indicating community of origin.
6. (Spiritualism) A superior spiritual relationship or
attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp.
persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who
exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.
AfOfirm6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affirmed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Affirming.] [OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer,
affermir, fr. L. affirmare; ad + firmare to make firm,
firmus firm. See Firm.] 1. To make firm; to confirm, or
ratify; esp. (Law), to assert or confirm, as a judgment,
decree, or order, brought before an appelate court for
2. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver;
to maintain as true; P opposed to deny.
Jesus,... whom Paul affirmed to be alive.
Acts xxv. 19.
3. (Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial
sanction. See Affirmation, 4.
Syn. P To assert; aver; declare; asseverate; assure;
pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. P To
Affirm, Asseverate, Aver, Protest. We affirm when we declare
a thing as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a
peculiarly earnest manner, or with increased positiveness as
what can not be disputed. We aver it, or formally declare it
to be true, when we have positive knowledge of it. We
protest in a more public manner and with the energy of
perfect sincerity. People asseverate in order to produce a
conviction of their veracity; they aver when they are
peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they
wish to free themselves from imputations, or to produce a
conviction of their innocence.
AfOfirm6, v. i. 1. To declare or assert positively.
Not that I so affirm, though so it seem
To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth.
2. (Law) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized
magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to
testify by affirmation.
AfOfirm6aOble (?), a. Capable of being affirmed, asserted,
or declared; P followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable
of every just man.
AfOfirm6ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. afermance.] 1. Confirmation;
ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.
This statute... in affirmance of the common law.
2. A strong declaration; affirmation.

AfOfirm6ant (?), n. [L. affirmans, Oantis, p. pr. See
Affirm.] 1. One who affirms or asserts.
2. (Law) One who affirms of taking an oath.
Af7firOma6tion (?), n. [L. affirmatio: cf. F. affirmation.]
1. Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as,
the affirmation of a law.
2. The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; P
opposed to negation or denial.
3. That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive
?tatement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender,
of title to property sold, or of its quality.
4. (Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of
perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an
oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath.
AfOfirm6aOtive (?), a. [L. affirmativus: cf. F. affirmatif.]
1. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common
2. That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory
of what exists; answering =yes8 to a question; P opposed to
negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.
3. Positive; dogmatic. [Obs.]
J. Taylor.
Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito.
4. (logic) Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a
5. (Alg.) Positive; P a term applied to quantities which are
to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be
AfOfirm6aOtive, n. 1. That which affirms as opposed to that
which denies; an ~ proposition; that side of question which
affirms or maintains the proposition stated; P opposed to
negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and
ten in the negative.
Whether there are such beings or not, 't is sufficient for
my purpose that many have believed the affirmative.
2. A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as,
yes, that is so, etc.
AfOfirm6aOtiveOly, adv. In an affirmative manner; on the
affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; P
opposed to negatively.
AfOfirm6aOtoOry (?), a. Giving affirmation; assertive;
AfOfirm6er (?), n. One who affirms.
AfOfix6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affixed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Affixing.] [LL. affixare, L. affixus, p. p. of affigere
to fasten to; ad + figere to fasten: cf. OE. affichen, F.
afficher, ultimately fr. L. affigere. See Fix.] 1. To
subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to
fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to
affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a
2. To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically.
Should they [caterpillars] affix them to the leaves of a
plant improper for their food.
3. To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to
ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a
person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one.
4. To fix or fasten figuratively; P with on or upon; as,
eyes affixed upon the ground. [Obs.]
Syn. P To attach; subjoin; connect; annex; unite.
Af6fix (?), n.; pl. Affixes (?). [L. affixus, p. p. of
affigere: cf. F. affixe.] That which is affixed; an
appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at
the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.
AfOfix6ion (?), n. [L. affixio, fr. affigere.] Affixture.
T. Adams.
AfOfix6ture (?; 135), n. The act of affixing, or the state
of being affixed; attachment.
AfOfla6tion (?), n. [L. afflatus, p. p. of afflare to blow
or breathe on; ad + flare to blow.] A blowing or breathing
on; inspiration.
AfOfla6tus (?), n. [L., fr. afflare. See Afflation.] 1. A
breath or blast of wind.
2. A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse;
A poet writing against his genius will be like a prophet
without his afflatus.
AfOflict6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afflicted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Afflicting.] [L. afflictus, p. p. of affigere to cast
down, deject; ad + fligere to strike: cf. OF. aflit,
afflict, p. p. Cf. Flagellate.] 1. To strike or cast down;
to overthrow. [Obs.] =Reassembling our afflicted powers.8
2. To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing
continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to
They did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with
their burdens.
Exod. i. 11.
That which was the worst now least afflicts me.
3. To make low or humble. [Obs.]
Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted
Jer. Taylor.
Syn. P To trouble; grieve; pain; distress; harass; torment;
wound; hurt.
AfOflict6, p. p. & a. [L. afflictus, p. p.] Afflicted.
AfOflict6edOness, n. The state of being afflicted;
affliction. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
AfOflict6er (?), n. One who afflicts.
AfOflict6ing, a. Grievously painful; distressing;
afflictive; as, an afflicting event. P AfOflict6ingOly, adv.
AfOflic6tion (?), n. [F. affliction, L. afflictio, fr.
affligere.] 1. The cause of continued pain of body or mind,
as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress;
a pain or grief.
To repay that money will be a biting affliction.
2. The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress,
or grief.
Some virtues are seen only in affliction.
Syn. P Calamity; sorrow; distress; grief; pain; adversity;
misery; wretchedness; misfortune; trouble; hardship. P
Affliction, Sorrow, Grief, Distress. Affliction and sorrow
are terms of wide and general application; grief and
distress have reference to particular cases. Affliction is
the stronger term. The suffering lies deeper in the soul,
and usually arises from some powerful cause, such as the
loss of what is most dear P friends, health, etc. We do not
speak of mere sickness or pain as =an affliction,8 though
one who suffers from either is said to be afflicted; but
deprivations of every kind, such as deafness, blindness,
loss of limbs, etc., are called afflictions, showing that
term applies particularly to prolonged sources of
suffering. Sorrow and grief are much alike in meaning, but
grief is the stronger term of the two, usually denoting
poignant mental suffering for some definite cause, as, grief
for the death of a dear friend; sorrow is more reflective,
and is tinged with regret, as, the misconduct of a child is
looked upon with sorrow. Grief is often violent and
demonstrative; sorrow deep and brooding. Distress implies
extreme suffering, either bodily or mental. In its higher
stages, it denotes pain of a restless, agitating kind, and
almost always supposes some struggle of mind or body.
Affliction is allayed, grief subsides, sorrow is soothed,
distress is mitigated.
AfOflic6tionOless (?), a. Free from affliction.
AfOflic6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. afflictif.] Giving pain;
causing continued or repeated pain or grief; distressing.
=Jove's afflictive hand.8
Spreads slow disease, and darts afflictive pain.
AfOflic6tiveOly, adv. In an afflictive manner.
Af6fluOence (?), n. [F. affluence, L. affluentia, fr.
affluens, p. pr. of affluere to flow to; ad + fluere to
flow. See Flux.] 1. A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an
The affluence of young nobles from hence into Spain.
There is an unusual affluence of strangers this year.
2. An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.;
profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.
And old age of elegance, affluence, and ease.
Syn. P Abundance; riches; profusion; exuberance; plenty;
wealth; opulence.
Af6fluOenOcy (?), n. Affluence. [Obs.]
Af6fluOent (?), a. [Cf. F. affluent, L. affluens, Oentis, p.
pr. See Affluence.] 1. Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
=Affluent blood.8
2. Abundant; copious; plenteous; hence, wealthy; abounding
in goods or riches.
Language... affluent in expression.
H. Reed.
Loaded and blest with all the affluent store,
Which human vows at smoking shrines implore.
Af6fluOent, n. A stream or river flowing into a larger river
or into a lake; a tributary stream.
Af6fluOentOly, adv. Abundantly; copiously.
AfOfluOentOness, n. Great plenty. [R.]
Af6flux7 (?), n. [L. affluxum, p. p. of affluere: cf. F.
afflux. See Affluence.] A flowing towards; that which flows
to; as, an afflux of blood to the head.
AfOflux6ion (?), n. The act of flowing towards; afflux.
Sir T. Browne.
Af6foOdill (?), n. Asphodel. [Obs.]
AfOforce6 (?), v. t. [OF. afforcier, LL. affortiare; ad +
fortiare, fr. L. fortis strong.] To re nforce; to
AfOforce6ment (?), n. [OF.] 1. A fortress; a fortification
for defense. [Obs.]
2. A re nforcement; a strengthening.
AfOfor6ciOaOment (?), n. See Afforcement. [Obs.]
AfOford6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afforded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Affording.] [OE. aforthen, AS. gefor?ian, for?ian, to
further, accomplish, afford, fr. for? forth, forward. The
prefix geO has no well defined sense. See Forth.] 1. To give
forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result,
fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives afford oil;
the earth affords fruit; the sea affords an abundant supply
of fish.
2. To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to
its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as, a
good life affords consolation in old age.
His tuneful Muse affords the sweetest numbers.
The quiet lanes... afford calmer retreats.
3. To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting,
expending, with profit, or without loss or too great injury;
as, A affords his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a
sum yearly in charity.
4. To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an
act which might under other circumstances be injurious; P
with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or
rich enough.
The merchant can afford to trade for smaller profits.
He could afford to suffer
With those whom he saw suffer.

AfOford6aOble (?), a. That may be afforded.
AfOford6ment (?), n. Anything given as a help; bestowal.
AfOfor6est (?), v. t. [LL. afforestare; ad + forestare. See
Forest.] To convert into a forest; as, to afforest a tract
of country.
AfOfor7esOta6tion (?), n. The act of converting into forest
or woodland.
AfOform6aOtive (?), n. An affix.
AfOfran6chise (?), v. t. [F. affranchir; ? (L. ad) + franc
free. See Franchise and Frank.] To make free; to
AfOfran6chiseOment (?), n. [Cf. F. affranchissement.] The
act of making free; enfranchisement. [R.]
AfOfrap6 (?), v. t. & i. [Cf. It. affrappare, frappare, to
cut, mince, F. frapper to strike. See Frap.] To strike, or
strike down. [Obs.]
AfOfray6 (?), v. t. [p. p. Affrayed.] [OE. afraien,
affraien, OF. effreer, esfreer, F. effrayer, orig. to
disquiet, put out of peace, fr. L. ex + OHG. fridu peace
(akin to E. free). Cf. Afraid, Fray, Frith inclosure.]
[Archaic] 1. To startle from quiet; to alarm.
Smale foules a great heap
That had afrayed [affrayed] me out of my sleep.
2. To frighten; to scare; to frighten away.
That voice doth us affray.
AfOfray6 (?), n. [OE. afrai, affrai, OF. esfrei, F. effroi,
fr. OF. esfreer. See Affray, v. t.] 1. The act of suddenly
disturbing any one; an assault or attack. [Obs.]
2. Alarm; terror; fright. [Obs.]
3. A tumultuous assault or quarrel; a brawl; a fray. =In the
very midst of the affray.8
4. (Law) The fighting of two or more persons, in a public
place, to the terror of others.
5 A fighting in private is not, in a legal sense, an affray.
Syn. P Quarrel; brawl; scuffle; encounter; fight; contest;
feud; tumult; disturbance.
AfOfray6er (?), n. One engaged in an affray.
AfOfray6ment (?), n. Affray. [Obs.]
AfOfreight6 (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + freight: cf. F.
affrter. See Freight.] To hire, as a ship, for the
transportation of goods or freight.
AfOfreight6er (?), n. One who hires or charters a ship to
convey goods.
AfOfreight6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. affrtement.] The act of
hiring, or the contract for the use of, a vessel, or some
part of it, to convey cargo.
AfOfret6 (?), n. [Cf. It. affrettare to hasten, fretta
haste.] A furious onset or attack. [Obs.]
AfOfric6tion (?), n. [L. affricare to rub on. See Friction.]
The act of rubbing against. [Obs.]
AfOfriend6ed (?), p. p. Made friends; reconciled. [Obs.]
=Deadly foes... affriended.8
AfOfright6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affrighted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Affrighting.] [Orig. p. p.; OE. afright, AS. >fyrhtan to
terrify; >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) +
fyrhto fright. See Fright.] To impress with sudden fear; to
frighten; to alarm.
Dreams affright our souls.
A drear and dying sound
Affrights the flamens at their service quaint.
Syn. P To terrify; frighten; alarm; dismay; appall; scare;
startle; daunt; intimidate.
AfOfright6, p. a. Affrighted. [Obs.]
AfOfright6, n. 1. Sudden and great fear; terror. It
expresses a stronger impression than fear, or apprehension,
perhaps less than terror.
He looks behind him with affright, and forward with despair.
2. The act of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an
object of dread.
B. Jonson.
AfOfright6edOly, adv. With fright.
AfOfright6en (?), v. t. To frighten. [Archaic] =Fit tales...
to affrighten babes.8
AfOfright6er (?), n. One who frightens. [Archaic]
AfOfright6ful (?), a. Terrifying; frightful. P
AfOfright6fulOly, adv. [Archaic]
Bugbears or affrightful apparitions.
AfOfright6ment (?), n. Affright; the state of being
frightened; sudden fear or alarm. [Archaic]
Passionate words or blows... fill the child's mind with
terror and affrightment.
AfOfront6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affronted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Affronting.] [OF. afronter, F. affronter, to confront,
LL. affrontare to strike against, fr. L. ad + frons
forehead, front. See Front.] 1. To front; to face in
position; to meet or encounter face to face. [Obs.]
All the seaOcoasts do affront the Levant.
That he, as 't were by accident, may here
Affront Ophelia.
2. To face in defiance; to confront; as, to confront; as, to
affront death; hence, to meet in hostile encounter.
3. To offend by some manifestation of disrespect; to insult
to the face by demeanor or language; to treat with marked
How can any one imagine that the fathers would have dared to
affront the wife of Aurelius?
Syn. P TO insult; abuse; outrage; wound; illtreat; slight;
defy; offend; provoke; pique; nettle.
AfOfront6, n. [Cf. F. affront, fr. affronter.] 1. An
encounter either friendly or hostile. [Obs.]
I walked about, admired of all, and dreaded
On hostile ground, none daring my affront.
2. Contemptuous or rude treatment which excites or justifies
resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult.
Offering an affront to our understanding.
3. An offense to one's selfPrespect; shame.
Syn. P Affront, Insult, Outrage. An affront is a designed
mark of disrespect, usually in the presence of others. An
insult is a personal attack either by words or actions,
designed to humiliate or degrade. An outrage is an act of
extreme and violent insult or abuse. An affront piques and
mortifies; an insult irritates and provokes; an outrage
wounds and injures.
Captious persons construe every innocent freedom into an
affront. When people are in a state of animosity, they seek
opportunities of offering each other insults. Intoxication
or violent passion impels men to the commission of outrages.
AfOfronOt6(?), a. [F. affront, p. p.] (Her.) Face to face,
or front to front; facing.
AfOfront6edOly (?), adv. Shamelessly. [Obs.]
AfOfronOtee6, n. One who receives an affront.
AfOfront6er (?), n. One who affronts, or insults to the
AfOfront6ingOly, adv. In an affronting manner.
AfOfront6ive (?), a. Tending to affront or offend;
offensive; abusive.
How affrontive it is to despise mercy.

AfOfront6iveOness (?), n. The quality that gives an affront
or offense. [R.]
AfOfuse6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affused (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Affusing (?).] [L. affusus, p. p. of affundere to pour
to; ad + fundere. See Fuse.] To pour out or upon. [R.]
I first affused water upon the compressed beans.
AfOfu6sion (?), n. [Cf. F. affusion.] The act of pouring
upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as water upon a child in
baptism. Specifically: (Med) The act of pouring water or
other fluid on the whole or a part of the body, as a remedy
in disease.
AfOfy6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affied (?); p. ?r.
Affying.] [OF. afier, LL. affidare. Cf. Affiance.] 1. To
confide (one's self to, or in); to trust. [Obs.]
2. To betroth or espouse; to affiance. [Obs.]
3. To bind in faith. [Obs.]
Bp. Montagu.
AfOfy6, v. i. To trust or confide. [Obs.]
Af6ghan (?), a. Of or pertaining to Afghanistan.
Af6ghan, n. 1. A native of Afghanistan.
2. A kind of worsted blanket or wrap.
AOfield6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + field.] 1. To, in, or on the
field. =We drove afield.8
How jocund did they drive their team afield!
2. Out of the way; astray.
Why should he wander afield at the age of fiftyPfive!
AOfire6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + fire.] On fire.
AOflame6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flame.] Inflames;
glowing with light or passion; ablaze.
G. Eliot.
AOflat6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + flat.] Level with the ground;
flat. [Obs.]
AOflaunt6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flaunt.] In a flaunting
state or position.
AOflick6er (?)(?), adv. & a [Pref. aO + flicker.] In a
flickering state.
AOfloat6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + float.] 1. Borne on the
water; floating; on board ship.
On such a full sea are we now afloat.
2. Moving; passing from place to place; in general
circulation; as, a rumor is afloat.
3. Unfixed; moving without guide or control; adrift; as, our
affairs are all afloat.
AOflow6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flow.] Flowing.
Their founts aflow with tears.
R. Browning.
AOflush6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flush, n.] In a flushed
or blushing state.
AOflush6, adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flush, a.] On a level.
The bank is... aflush with the sea.
AOflut6ter (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + flutter.] In a
flutter; agitated.
AOfoam6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + foam.] In a foaming
state; as, the sea is all afoam.
AOfoot6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + foot.] 1. On foot.
We 'll walk afoot a while.
2. Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress.
The matter being afoot.
AOfore6 (?), adv. [OE. afore, aforn, AS. onforan or tforan;
pref. aO + fore.] 1. Before. [Obs. or Dial.]
If he have never drunk wine afore.
2. (Naut.) In the fore part of a vessel.
AOfore6, prep. 1. Before (in all its senses). [Archaic]
2. (Naut.) Before; in front of; farther forward than; as,
afore the windlass.
w the mast, among the common sailors; P a phrase used to
distinguish the ship's crew from the officers.
AOfore6cit7ed (?), a. Named or quoted before.
AOfore6go7ing (?), a. GoFng before; foregoing.
AOfore6hand7 (?)(?) adv. Beforehand; in anticipation.
[Archaic or Dial.]
She is come aforehand to anoint my body.
Mark xiv. 8.
AOfore6hand7, a. Prepared; previously provided; P opposed to
behindhand. [Archaic or Dial.]
Aforehand in all matters of power.
AOfore6men7tioned (?), a. Previously mentioned;
AOfore6named7 (?), a. Named before.
AOfore6said7 (?), a. Said before, or in a preceding part;
already described or identified.
AOfore6thought7 (?), a. Premeditated; prepense; previously
in mind; designed; as, malice aforethought, which is
required to constitute murder.
AOfore6thought7, n. Premeditation.
AOfore6time7 (?), adv. In time past; formerly. =He prayed...
as he did aforetime.8
Dan. vi. 10.
X A for7tiOo6ri (?). [L.] (Logic & Math.) With stronger
AOfoul6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + foul.] In collision;
To run ~ of, to run against or come into collision with,
especially so as to become entangled or to cause injury.
AOfraid6 (?), p. a. [OE. afrayed, affraide, p. p. of afraien
to affray. See Affray, and cf. Afeard.] Impressed with fear
or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive. [Afraid comes after
the noun it limits.] =Back they recoiled, afraid.8
5 This word expresses a less degree of fear than terrified
or frightened. It is followed by of before the object of
fear, or by the infinitive, or by a dependent clause; as, to
be afraid of death. =I am afraid to die.8 =I am afraid he
will chastise me.8 =Be not afraid that I your hand should
take.8 Shak. I am afraid is sometimes used colloquially to
soften a statement; as, I am afraid I can not help you in
this matter.
Syn. P Fearful; timid; timorous; alarmed; anxious.
Af6reet (?), n. Same as Afrit.
AOfresh6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + fresh.] Anew; again; once
more; newly.
They crucify... the Son of God afresh.
Heb. vi. 6.
Af6ric (?), a. African. P n. Africa. [Poetic]
Af6riOcan (?), a. [L. Africus, Africanus, fr. Afer African.]
Of or pertaining to Africa.
w hemp, a fiber prerared from the leaves of the Sanseviera
Guineensis, a plant found in Africa and India. P w marigold,
a tropical American plant (Tagetes erecta). P w oak or w
teak, a timber furnished by Oldfieldia Africana, used in
ship building.
Af6riOcan, n. A native of Africa; also one ethnologically
belonging to an African race.
Af7riOcan6der (?), n. One born in Africa, the offspring of a
white father and a =colored8 mother. Also, and now commonly
in Southern Africa, a native born of European settlers.
Af6riOcanOism (?), n. A word, phrase, idiom, or custom
peculiar to Africa or Africans. =The knotty Africanisms...
of the fathers.8
Af6riOcanOize (?), v. t. To place under the domination of
Africans or negroes. [Amer.]
Af6rit (?), Af6rite (?), Af6reet (?), n. [Arab. 'ifrFt.]
(Moham. Myth.) A powerful evil jinnee, demon, or monstrous
AOfront6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + front.] In front; face to
face. P prep. In front of.
Aft (?), adv. & a. [AS. ftan behind; orig. superl. of of,
off. See After.] (Naut.) Near or towards the stern of a
vessel; astern; abaft.
Aft6er (?), a. [AS. fter after, behind; akin to Goth.
aftaro, aftra, backwards, Icel. aptr, Sw. and Dan. efter,
OHG. aftar behind, Dutch and LG. achter, Gr. ? further off.
The ending Oter is an old comparative suffix, in E.
generally Other (as in other), and after is a compar. of of,
off. ? See Of; cf. Aft.] 1. Next; later in time; subsequent;
succeeding; as, an after period of life.
5 In this sense the word is sometimes needlessly combined
with the following noun, by means of a hyphen, as,
afterPages, afterPact, afterPdays, afterPlife. For the most
part the words are properly kept separate when after has
this meaning.
2. Hinder; nearer the rear. (Naut.) To ward the stern of the
ship; P applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel;
as the after cabin, after hatchway. It is often combined
with its noun; as, afterPbowlines, afterPbraces,
afterPsails, afterPyards, those on the mainmasts and
w body (Naut.), the part of a ship abaft the dead flat, or
middle part.
Aft6er, prep. 1. Behind in place; as, men in line one after
another. =Shut doors after you.8
2. Below in rank; next to in order.
Codrus after Ph?bus sings the best.
3. Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three
days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was
interposed between it and the clause.
After I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee.
Matt. xxvi. 32.
4. Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you
have said, I shall be careful.
5. Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our
advice, you took that course.
6. Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in
pursuit of.
Ye shall not go after other gods.
Deut. vi. 14.
After whom is the king of Israel come out?
1 Sam. xxiv. 14.
7. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to;
as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to
thirst after righteousness.
8. In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of;
as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens;
the boy takes after his father.
To name or call ~, to name like and reference to.
Our eldest son was named George after his uncle.
9. According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the
nature of; as, he acted after his kind.
He shall not judge after the sight of his eyes.
Isa. xi. 3.
They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the
Rom. viii. 5.
10. According to the direction and influence of; in
proportion to; befitting. [Archaic]
He takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and
currency, and not after their intrinsic value.
w all, when everything has been considered; upon the whole.
P w (with the same noun preceding and following), as, wave
after wave, day after day, several or many (waves, etc.)
successively. P One ~ another, successively. P To be ~, to
be pursuit of in order to reach or get; as, he is after
Aft6er, adv. Subsequently in time or place; behind;
afterward; as, he follows after.
It was about the space of three hours after.
Acts. v. 7.
5 After is prefixed to many words, forming compounds, but
retaining its usual signification. The prefix may be
adverbial, prepositional, or adjectival; as in afterP
described, afterOdinner, afterPpart. The hyphen is sometimes
needlessly used to connect the adjective after with its
noun. See Note under After, a., 1.
Aft6erObirth7 (?), n. (Med.) The placenta and membranes with
which the fetus is connected, and which come away after
Aft6erOcast7 (?), n. A throw of dice after the game in
ended; hence, anything done too late.
Aft6erOclap7 (?), n. An unexpected subsequent event;
something disagreeable happening after an affair is supposed
to be at an end.
Aft6erOcrop7 (?), n. A second crop or harvest in the same
Aft6er damp7 (?). An irrespirable gas, remaining after an
explosion of fire damp in mines; choke damp. See Carbonic
Aft6erPdin7ner (?), n. The time just after dinner. =An
afterOdinner's sleep.8 Shak. [Obs.] P a. Following dinner;
postPprandial; as, an afterPdinner nap.
Aft6erPeat7age (?), n. Aftergrass.
Aft6erOeye7 (?), v. t. To look after. [Poetic]
Aft6erOgame7 (?), n. A second game; hence, a subsequent
scheme or expedient.
w at Irish, an ancient game very nearly resembling
Beau. & Fl.
Aft6erPglow7 (?), n. A glow of refulgence in the western sky
after sunset.
Aft6erOgrass7 (?), n. The grass that grows after the first
crop has been mown; aftermath.
Aft6erOgrowth7 (?), n. A second growth or crop, or
(metaphorically) development.
J. S. Mill.
Aft6erOguard7 (?), n. (Naut.) The seaman or seamen stationed
on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the
Aft6erPim7age (?), n. The impression of a vivid sensation
retained by the retina of the eye after the cause has been
removed; also extended to impressions left of tones, smells,
Aft6erOings (?), n. pl. The last milk drawn in milking;
strokings. [Obs. or Dial.]
Aft6erOmath (?), n. [After + math. See Math.] A second
moving; the grass which grows after the first crop of hay in
the same season; rowen.
Aft6erPmen7tioned (?), a. Mentioned afterwards; as, persons
afterPmentioned (in a writing).
Aft6erOmost (?), a. superl. [OE. eftemest, AS. ftemest,akin
to Gothic aftumist and aftuma, the last, orig. a superlative
of of, with the superlative endings Ote, Ome, Ost.] 1.
Hindmost; P opposed to foremost.
2. (Naut.) Nearest the stern; most aft.
Aft6erOnoon6 (?), n. The part of the day which follows noon,
between noon and evening.
Aft6erPnote7 (?), n. (Mus.) One of the small notes occur on
the unaccented parts of the measure, taking their time from
the preceding note.
Aft6erOpains7 (?), n. pl. (Med.) The pains which succeed
childbirth, as in expelling the afterbirth.
Aft6erOpiece7 (?), n. 1. A piece performed after a play,
usually a farce or other small entertainment.
2. (Naut.) The heel of a rudder.
Aft6erPsails7 (?), n. pl. (Naut.) The sails on the
mizzenmast, or on the stays between the mainmast and
Aft6erOshaft7 (?), n. (Zol.) The hypoptilum.
Aft6erOtaste7 (?), n. A taste which remains in the mouth
after eating or drinking.
Aft6erOthought7 (?), n. Reflection after an act; later or
subsequent thought or expedient.
Aft6erOwards (?), Aft6erOward (?), } adv. [AS. fteweard,
a., behind. See Aft, and Oward (suffix). The final s in
afterwards is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending.] At a
later or succeeding time.
Aft6erOwise7 (?), a. Wise after the event; wise or knowing,
when it is too late.
Aft6erPwit7 (?), n. Wisdom or perception that comes after it
can be of use. =AfterPwit comes too late when the mischief
is done.8
Aft6erPwit7ted (?), a. Characterized by afterwit;
Aft6most (?), a. (Naut.) Nearest the stern.
Aft6ward (?), adv. (Naut.) Toward the stern.
X AOga6 or X AOgha6 (?), n. [Turk. adh> a great lord, chief
master.] In Turkey, a commander or chief officer. It is used
also as a title of respect.
AOgain6 (?; 277), adv. [OE. agein, agayn, AS. ongegn,
onge n, against, again; on + ge n, akin to Ger. gegewn
against, Icel. gegn. Cf. Gainsay.] 1. In return, back; as,
bring us word again.
2. Another time; once more; anew.
If a man die, shall he live again?
Job xiv. 14.
3. Once repeated; P of quantity; as, as large again, half as
much again.
4. In any other place. [Archaic]
5. On the other hand. =The one is mi sovereign... the other
again is my kinsman.8
6. Moreover; besides; further.
Again, it is of great consequence to avoid, etc.
w and ~, more than once; often; repeatedly. P Now and ~, now
and then; occasionally. P To and ~, to and fro. [Obs.]
De Foe.
5 Again was formerly used in many verbal combinations, as,
againPwitness, to witness against; againPride, to ride
against; againOcome, to come against, to encounter;
againObring, to bring back, etc.
AOgain6 (?), AOgains6 (?), } prep. Against; also, towards
(in order to meet). [Obs.]
Albeit that it is again his kind.
AOgain6buy7 (?), v. t. To redeem. [Obs.]
AOgain6say7 (?), v. t. To gainsay. [Obs.]
AOgainst6 (?; 277), prep. [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn.
The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.] 1.
Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth
of a river; P in this sense often preceded by over.
Jacob saw the angels of God come against him.
2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in
contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against
the roof.
3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment
or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety
to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to
run a race against time.
The gate would have been shut against her.
An argument against the use of steam.
4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to
be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.]
Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from
2 Kings xvi. 11.
w the sun, in a direction contrary to that in which the sun
appears to move.
AOgain6stand7 (?), v. t. To withstand. [Obs.]
AOgain6ward (?), adv. Back again. [Obs.]

X Ag7aOlac6tiOa (?), Ag6aOlax7y (?), } n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. +
?, ?, milk.] (Med.) Failure of the due secretion of milk
after childbirth.
Ag7aOlac6tous (?), a. Lacking milk to suckle with.
X A7galPa6gal (?), n. Same as AgarPagar.
Ag6alOloch (?), X AOgal6loOchum (?), } n. [Gr. ?, of Eastern
origin: cf. Skr. aguru, Heb. pl. ah>tFm.] A soft, resinous
wood (Aquilaria Agallocha) of highly aromatic smell, burnt
by the orientals as a perfume. It is called also agal?wood
and aloes wood. The name is also given to some other
Ag7alOmat6oOlite (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, image, statue + Olite:
cf. F. agalmatolithe.] (Min.) A soft, compact stone, of a
grayish, greenish, or yellowish color, carved into images by
the Chinese, and hence called figure stone, and pagodite. It
is probably a variety of pinite.
X Ag6aOma (?), n. pl. Agamas (?). [From the Caribbean name
of a species of lizard.] (Zol.) A genus of lizards, one of
the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of
these lizards.
X Ag6aOmi (?), n. pl. Agamis (?). [F. agami, fr. the native
name.] (Zol.) A South American bird (Psophia crepitans),
allied to the cranes, and easily domesticated; P called also
the goldPbreasted trumpeter. Its body is about the size of
the pheasant. See Trumpeter.
AOgam6ic (?), a. [See Agamous.] (a) (Biol.) Produced without
sexual union; as, agamic or unfertilized eggs. (b) Not
having visible organs of reproduction, as flowerless plants;
AOgam6icOalOly (?), adv. In an agamic manner.
Ag6aOmist (?), n. [See Agamous.] An unmarried person; also,
one opposed to marriage.
X Ag7aOmoOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? unmarried (? priv. + ?
marriage) + ? reproduction.] (Biol.) Reproduction without
the union of parents of distinct sexes: asexual
Ag7aOmoOgeOnet6ic (?), n. (Biol.) Reproducing or produced
without sexual union. P Ag7aOmoOgeOnet6icOalOly (?), adv.
All known agamogenetic processes end in a complete return to
the primitive stock.
Ag6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? unmarried; ? priv. + ? marriage.]
(Biol.) Having no visible sexual organs; asexual. In Bot.,
AOgan7gliOo6nic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + ganglionic.]
(Physiol.) Without ganglia.
AOgape6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gape.] Gaping, as with
wonder, expectation, or eager attention.
Dazzles the crowd and sets them all agape.
X Ag6aOpe (?), n.; pl. Agap (?). [Gr. ? love, pl. ?.] The
love feast of the primitive Christians, being a meal
partaken of in connection with the communion.
X A7garPa6gar (?), n. [Ceylonese local name.] A fucus or
seaweed much used in the East for soups and jellies; Ceylon
moss (Gracilaria lichenoides).
Ag6aOric (?; 277), n. [L. agaricum, Gr. ?, said to be fr.
Agara, a town in Sarmatia.] 1. (Bot.) A fungus of the genus
Agarius, of many species, of which the common mushroom is an
2. An old name for several species of Polyporus, corky fungi
growing on decaying wood.
5 The =female agaric8 (Polyporus officinalic) was renowned
as a cathartic; the =male agaric8 (Polyporus igniarius) is
used for preparing touchwood, called punk of German tinder.
w mineral, a light, chalky deposit of carbonate of ?ime,
sometimes called rock milk, formed in caverns or fissures of
AOgasp6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gasp.] In a state of
AOgast6 or AOghast6 (?), v. t. To affright; to terrify.
Chaucer. Spenser.
AOgast6 (?), p. p. & a. See Aghast.
AOgas6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? stomach.] (Physiol.)
Having to stomach, or distinct digestive canal, as the
AOgate6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO on + gate way.] On the way;
agoing; as, to be agate; to set the bells agate. [Obs. or
Prov. Eng.]
Ag6ate (?), n. [F. agate, It. agata, L. achates, fr. Gr. ?.]
1. (Min.) A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz,
presenting various tints in the same specimen. Its colors
are delicately arranged in stripes or bands, or blended in
5 The fortification agate, or Scotch pebble, the moss agate,
the clouded agate, etc., are familiar varieties.
2. (Print.) A kind of type, larger than pearl and smaller
than nonpareil; in England called ruby.
5 This line is printed in the type called agate.
3. A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small
figures cut in ~ for rings and seals. [Obs.]
4. A tool used by goldPwire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; P so
called from the ~ fixed in it for burnishing.
Ag7aOtif6erOous (?), a. [Agate + Oferous.] Containing or
producing agates.
Ag6aOtine (?), a. Pertaining to, or like, agate.
Ag6aOtize (?), v. t. [Usually p. p. Agatized (?).] To
convert into agate; to make resemble agate.
Ag6aOty (?), a. Of the nature of agate, or containing agate.
AOga6ve (?), n. [L. Agave, prop. name, fr. Gr. ?, fem. of ?
illustrious, noble.] (bot.) A genus of plants (order
Amaryllidace) of which the chief species is the maguey or
century plant (A. Americana), wrongly called Aloe. It is
from ten to seventy years, according to climate, in
attaining maturity, when it produces a gigantic flower stem,
sometimes forty feet in height, and perishes. The fermented
juice is the pulque of the Mexicans; distilled, it yields
mescal. A strong thread and a tough paper are made from the
leaves, and the wood has many uses.
AOgazed6 (?), p. p. [Only in p. p.; another spelling for
aghast.] Gazing with astonishment; amazed. [Obs.]
The whole army stood agazed on him.
Age (?), n. [OF. aage, eage, F. ge, fr. L. aetas through a
supposed LL. aetaticum. L. aetas is contracted fr. aevitas,
fr. aevum lifetime, ~; akin to E. aye ever. Cf. Each.] 1.
The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or
other kind; lifetime.
Mine age is as nothing before thee.
Ps. xxxix. 5.
2. That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is
between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the
present age of a man, or of the earth?
3. The latter part of life; an advanced period of life;
seniority; state of being old.
Nor wrong mine age with this indignity.
4. One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of
youth, etc.
5. Mature ~; especially, the time of life at which one
attains full personal rights and capacities; as, to come of
age; he (or she) is of age. Abbott. In the United States,
both males and females are of age when twentyone years old.
6. The time of life at which some particular power or
capacity is understood to become vested; as, the age of
consent; the age of discretion.
7. A particular period of time in history, as distinguished
from others; as, the golden age, the age of Pericles. =The
spirit of the age.8
Truth, in some age or other, will find her witness.
Archeological ages are designated as three: The Stone age
(the early and the later stone ~, called paleolithic and
neolithic), the Bronze age, and the Iron age. During the Age
of Stone man is supposed to have employed stone for weapons
and implements.
See Augustan, Brazen, Golden, Heroic, Middle.
8. A great period in the history of the Earth.
The geologic ages are as follows: 1. The Archan, including
the time when was no life and the time of the earliest and
simplest forms of life. 2. The age of Invertebrates, or the
Silurian, when the life on the globe consisted distinctively
of invertebrates. 3. The age of Fishes, or the Devonian,
when fishes were the dominant race. 4. The age of Coal
Plants, or Acrogens, or the Carboniferous age. 5. The
Mesozoic or Secondary age, or age of Reptiles, when reptiles
prevailed in great numbers and of vast size. 6. The Tertiary
age, or age of Mammals, when the mammalia, or quadrupeds,
abounded, and were the dominant race. 7. The Quaternary age,
or age of Man, or the modern era.
9. A century; the period of one hundred years.
Fleury... apologizes for these five ages.
10. The people who live at a particular period; hence, a
generation. =Ages yet unborn.8
The way which the age follows.
J. H. Newman.
Lo! where the stage, the poor, degraded stage,
Holds its warped mirror to a ?aping age.
C. Sprague.
11. A long time. [Colloq.] =He made minutes an age.8
w of a tide, the time from the origin of a tide in the South
Pacific Ocean to its arrival at a given place. P Moon's ~,
the time that has elapsed since the last preceding
conjunction of the sun and moon.
5 Age is used to form the first part of many compounds; as,
agelasting, agePadorning, agePworn, agePenfeebled, agelong.
Syn. P Time; period; generation; date; era; epoch.
Age, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aged (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Aging
(?).] To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of ~; as,
he grew fat as he aged.
They live one hundred and thirty years, and never age for
all that.
I am aging; that is, I have a whitish, or rather a
lightPcolored, hair here and there.
Age, v. t. To cause to grow old; to impart the
characteristics of ~ to; as, grief ages us.
A6ged (?), a. 1. Old; having lived long; having lived almost
to or beyond the usual time allotted to that species of
being; as, an aged man; an aged oak.
2. Belonging to old age. =Aged cramps.8
3. (?) Having a certain age; at the age of; having lived;
as, a man aged forty years.
A6gedOly, adv. In the manner of an aged person.
A6gedOness, n. The quality of being aged; oldness.
Custom without truth is but agedness of error.
Age6less (?), a. Without old age limits of duration; as,
fountains of ageless youth.
AOgen6 (?), adv. & prep. See Again. [Obs.]
A6genOcy (?), n.; pl. Agencies (?). [LL. agentia, fr. L.
agens, agentis: cf. F. agence. See Agent.] 1. The faculty of
acting or of exerting power; the state of being in action;
action; instrumentality.
The superintendence and agency of Providence in the natural
2. The office of an agent, or factor; the relation between a
principal and his agent; business of one intrusted with the
concerns of another.
3. The place of business of am agent.
Syn. P Action; operation; efficiency; management.
A6gend (?), n. See Agendum. [Obs.]
X AOgen6dum (?), n.; pl. Agenda (?). [L., neut. of the
gerundive of agere to act.] 1. Something to be done; in the
pl., a memorandum book.
2. A church service; a ritual or liturgy. [In this sense,
usually Agenda.]
Ag7eOnes6ic (?), a. [See Agensis.] (Physiol.) Characterized
by sterility; infecund.
X AOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? birth.] (Physiol.)
Any imperfect development of the body, or any anomaly of
X Ag7enOne6sis (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? an engendering.]
(Physiol.) Impotence; sterility.
A6gent (?), a. [L. agens, agentis, p. pr. of agere to act;
akin to Gr. ? to lead, Icel. aka to drive, Skr. aj. ?.]
Acting? P opposed to patient, or sustaining, action.
[Archaic] =The body agent.8
A6gent, n. 1. One who exerts power, or has the power to act;
an actor.
Heaven made us agents, free to good or ill.
2. One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by
authority from him; one intrusted with the business of
another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor.
3. An active power or cause; that which has the power to
produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal
agent; as, heat is a powerful agent.
AOgen6tial (?), a. Of or pertaining to an agent or an
Fitzed. Hall.
A6gentOship (?), n. Agency.
Beau. & Fl.
X AOger6aOtum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a sort of plant; ?
priv. + ? old age.] (Bot.) A genus of plants, one species of
which (A. Mexicanum) has lavenderPblue flowers in dense
AfOgen7erOa6tion (?), n. [L. aggenerare to beget in
addition. See Generate.] The act of producing in addition.
T. Stanley.
X Ag6ger (?), n. [L., a mound, fr. aggerere to bear to a
place, heap up; ad + gerere to bear.] An earthwork; a mound;
a raised work. [Obs.]
Ag6gerOate (?), v. t. [L. aggeratus, p. p. of aggerare. See
Agger.] To heap up. [Obs. or R.]
Ag7gerOa6tion (?), n. [L. aggeratio.] A heaping up;
accumulation; as, aggerations of sand. [R.]
Ag7gerOose6 (?), a. In heaps; full of heaps.
AgOgest6 (?), v. t. [L. aggestus, p. p. of aggerere. See
Agger.] To heap up. [Obs.]
The violence of the waters aggested the earth.
AgOglom6erOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglomerated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Agglomerating (?).] [L. agglomeratus, p. p. of
agglomerare; ad + glomerare to form into a ball. See
Glomerate.] To wind or collect into a ball; hence, to gather
into a mass or anything like a mass.
Where he builds the agglomerated pile.
AgOglom6erOate, v. i. To collect in a mass.
AgOglom6erOate (?), AgOglom6erOa7ted (?), } a. 1. Collected
into a ball, heap, or mass.
2. (Bot.) Collected into a rounded head of flowers.
AgOglom6erOate (?), n. 1. A collection or mass.
2. (Geol.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by
heat; P distinguished from conglomerate.
AgOglom7erOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. agglomration.] 1. The act
or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together.
An excessive agglomeration of turrets.
2. State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster.
AgOglom6erOaOtive (?), a. Having a tendency to gather
together, or to make collections.
Taylor is eminently discursive, accumulative, and (to use
one of his own words) agglomerative.
AgOglu6tiOnant (?), a. [L. agglutinans, Oantis, p. pr. of
agglutinare.] Uniting, as glue; causing, or tending to
cause, adhesion. P n. Any viscous substance which causes
bodies or parts to adhere.
AgOglu6tiOnate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agglutinated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Agglutinating.] [L. agglutinatus, p. p. of
agglutinare to glue or cement to a thing; ad + glutinare to
glue; gluten glue. See Glue.] To unite, or cause to adhere,
as with glue or other viscous substance; to unite by causing
an adhesion of substances.
AgOglu6tiOnate (?), a. 1. United with glue or as with glue;
cemented together.
2. (physiol.) Consisting of root words combined but not
materially altered as to form or meaning; as, agglutinate
forms, languages, etc. See Agglutination, 2.
AgOglu7tiOna6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. agglutination.] 1. The act
of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state
of being thus united; adhesion of parts.
2. (Physiol.) Combination in which root words are united
with little or no change of form or loss of meaning. See
Agglutinative, 2.
AgOglu6tiOnaOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. agglutinatif.] 1.
Pertaining to agglutination; tending to unite, or having
power to cause adhesion; adhesive.
2. (Philol.) Formed or characterized by agglutination, as a
language or a compound.
In agglutinative languages the union of words may be
compared to mechanical compounds, in inflective languages to
chemical compounds.
R. Morris.
Cf. manPkind, heirPloom, warPlike, which are agglutinative
compounds. The Finnish, Hungarian, Turkish, the Tamul, etc.,
are agglutinative languages.
R. Morris.
Agglutinative languages preserve the consciousness of their
Max Mller.
AgOgrace6 (?), v. t. [Pref. aO + grace: cf. It. aggraziare,
LL. aggratiare. See Grace.] To favor; to grace. [Obs.] =That
knight so much aggraced.8

AgOgrace6 (?), n. Grace; favor. [Obs.]
Ag6granOdi6zaOble (?), a. Capable of being aggrandized.
AgOgran7diOza6tion (?), n. Aggrandizement. [Obs.]
Ag6granOdize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrandized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Aggrandizing (?).] [F. agrandir; (L. ad) +
grandir to increase, L. grandire, fr. grandis great. See
Grand, and cf. Finish.] 1. To make great; to enlarge; to
increase; as, to aggrandize our conceptions, authority,
2. To make great or greater in power, rank, honor, or
wealth; P applied to persons, countries, etc.
His scheme for aggrandizing his son.
3. To make appear great or greater; to exalt.
Syn. P To augment; exalt; promote; advance.
Ag6granOdize, v. i. To increase or become great. [Obs.]
Follies, continued till old age, do aggrandize.
J. Hall.
AgOgran6dizeOment (?; 277), n. [Cf. F. agrandissement.] The
act of aggrandizing, or the state of being aggrandized or
exalted in power, rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation;
enlargement; as, the emperor seeks only the aggrandizement
of his own family.
Syn. P Augmentation; exaltation; enlargement; advancement;
promotion; preferment.
Ag6granOdi7zer (?), n. One who aggrandizes, or makes great.
AgOgrate6 (?), v. t. [It. aggratare, fr. L. ad + gratus
pleasing. See Grate, a.] To please. [Obs.]
Each one sought his lady to aggrate.
Ag6graOvate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggravated (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Aggravating.] [L. aggravatus, p. p. of aggravare.
See Aggrieve.] 1. To make heavy or heavier; to add to; to
increase. [Obs.] =To aggravate thy store.8
2. To make worse, or more severe; to render less tolerable
or less excusable; to make more offensive; to enhance; to
intensify. =To aggravate my woes.8
To aggravate the horrors of the scene.
The defense made by the prisioner's counsel did rather
aggravate than extenuate his crime.
3. To give coloring to in description; to exaggerate; as, to
aggravate circumstances.
4. To exasperate; to provoke; to irritate. [Colloq.]
If both were to aggravate her parents, as my brother and
sister do mine.
Richardson (Clarissa).
Syn. P To heighten; intensify; increase; magnify;
exaggerate; provoke; irritate; exasperate.
Ag6graOva7ting (?), a. 1. Making worse or more heinous; as,
aggravating circumstances.
2. Exasperating; provoking; irritating. [Colloq.]
A thing at once ridiculous and aggravating.
J. Ingelow.
Ag6graOva7tingOly, adv. In an aggravating manner.
Ag7graOva6tion (?), n. [LL. aggravatio: cf. F. aggravation.]
1. The act of aggravating, or making worse; P used of evils,
natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or
heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and
enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences.
2. Exaggerated representation.
By a little aggravation of the features changed it into the
Saracen's head.
3. An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the
guilt of a crime or the misery of a calamity.
4.Provocation; irritation. [Colloq.]
Ag6graOvaOtive (?), a. Tending to aggravate. P n. That which
Ag6greOgate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggregated (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Aggregating.] [L. aggregatus, p. p. of aggregare to
lead to a flock or herd; ad + gregare to collect into a
flock, grex flock, herd. See Gregarious.] 1. To bring
together; to collect into a mass or sum. =The aggregated
2. To add or unite, as, a person, to an association.
It is many times hard to discern to which of the two sorts,
the good or the bad, a man ought to be aggregated.
3. To amount in the ~ to; as, ten loads, aggregating five
hundred bushels. [Colloq.]
Syn. P To heap up; accumulate; pile; collect.
Ag6greOgate (?), a. [L. aggregatus, p. p.] 1. Formed by a
collection of particulars into a whole mass or sum;
The aggregate testimony of many hundreds.
Sir T. Browne.
2. (Anat.) Formed into clusters or groups of lobules; as,
aggregate glands.
3. (Bot.) Composed of several florets within a common
involucre, as in the daisy; or of several carpels formed
from one flower, as in the raspberry.
4. (Min. & Geol.) Having the several component parts
adherent to each other only to such a degree as to be
separable by mechanical means.
5. (Zol.) United into a common organized mass; P said of
certain compound animals.
Corporation ~. (Law) See under Corporation.
Ag6greOgate, n. 1. A mass, assemblage, or sum of
particulars; as, a house is an aggregate of stone, brick,
timber, etc.
5 In an aggregate the particulars are less intimately mixed
than in a compound.
2. (Physics) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous
particles; P in distinction from a compound, formed by the
union of heterogeneous particles.
In the ~, collectively; together.
Ag6greOgateOly, adv. Collectively; in mass.
Ag7greOga6tion (?), n. [Cf. LL. aggregatio, F. agrgation.]
The act of aggregating, or the state of being aggregated;
collection into a mass or sum; a collection of particulars;
an aggregate.
Each genus is made up by aggregation of species.
A nation is not an idea only of local extent and individual
momentary aggregation, but... of continuity, which extends
in time as well as in numbers, and in space.
Ag6greOgaOtive (?), a. [Cf. Fr. agrgatif.] 1. Taken
together; collective.
2. Gregarious; social. [R.]
Ag6greOga7tor (?), n. One who aggregates.
AgOgrege6 (?), v. t. [OF. agreger. See Aggravate.] To make
heavy; to aggravate. [Obs.]
AgOgress6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aggressed (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Aggressing.] [L. aggressus, p. p. of aggredi to go
to, approach; ad + gradi to step, go, gradus step: cf. OF.
aggresser. See Grade.] To commit the first act of hostility
or offense; to begin a quarrel or controversy; to make an
attack; P with on.
AgOgress6, v. t. To set upon; to attack. [R.]
AgOgress6, n. [L. aggressus.] Aggression. [Obs.]
Their military aggresses on others.
Sir M. Hale.
AgOgres6sion (?), n. [L. aggressio, fr. aggredi: cf. F.
agression.] The first attack, or act of hostility; the first
act of injury, or first act leading to a war or a
controversy; unprovoked attack; assault; as, a war of
aggression. =Aggressions of power.8
Syn. P Attack; offense; intrusion; provocation.
AgOgres6sive (?), a. [Cf. F. agressif.] Tending or disposed
to aggress; characterized by aggression; making assaults;
unjustly attacking; as, an aggressive policy, war, person,
nation. P AgOgres6siveOly, adv. P AgOgres6siveOness, n.
No aggressive movement was made.
AgOgres6sor (?), n. {L.: cf. F. agresseur.] The person who
first attacks or makes an aggression; he who begins
hostility or a quarrel; an assailant.
The insolence of the aggressor is usually proportioned to
the tameness of the sufferer.
AgOgriev6ance (?), n. [OF. agrevance, fr. agrever. See
Aggrieve.] Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance.
AgOgrieve6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrieved (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Aggrieving (?).] [OE. agreven, OF. agrever; a (L. ad)
+ grever to burden, injure, L. gravare to weigh down, fr.
gravis heavy. See Grieve, and cf. Aggravate.] To give pain
or sorrow to; to afflict; hence, to oppress or injure in
one's rights; to bear heavily upon; P now commonly used in
the passive TO be aggrieved.
Aggrieved by oppression and extortion.
AgOgrieve6, v. i. To grieve; to lament. [Obs.]
AgOgroup6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aggrouped (?); . pr. &
vb. n. Aggrouping.] [F. agrouper; (L. ad) + groupe group.
See Group..] To bring together in a group; to group.
AgOgroup6ment (?), n. Arrangement in a group or in groups;
X Ag6gry, X Ag6gri (?), a. Applied to a kind of variegated
glass beads of ancient manufacture; as, aggry beads are
found in Ashantee and Fantee in Africa.
AOghast6 (?), v. t. See Agast, v. t. [Obs.]
AOghast6 (?), a & p. p. [OE. agast, agasted, p. p. of
agasten to terrify, fr. AS. pref. >O (cf. Goth. usO, G. erO,
orig. meaning out) + g?stan to terrify, torment: cf. Goth.
usgaisjan to terrify, primitively to fix, to root to the
spot with terror; akin to L. haerere to stick fast, cling.
See Gaze, Hesitate.] Terrified; struck with amazement;
showing signs of terror or horror.
Aghast he waked; and, starting from his bed,
Cold sweat in clammy drops his limbs o'erspread.
The commissioners read and stood aghast.
Ag6iOble (?), a. [Cf. LL. agibilis, fr. L. agere to move,
do.] Possible to be done; practicable. [Obs.] =Fit for
agible things.8
Sir A. Sherley.
Ag6ile (?), a. [F. agile, L. agilis, fr. agere to move. See
Agent.] Having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs; apt
or ready to move; nimble; active; as, an agile boy; an agile
Shaking it with agile hand.
Syn. P Active; alert; nimble; brisk; lively; quick.
Ag6ileOly, adv. In an agile manner; nimbly.
Ag6ileOness, n. Agility; nimbleness. [R.]
AOgil6iOty (?), n. [F. agili, L. agilitas , fr. agilis.] 1.
The quality of being agile; the power of moving the limbs
quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of
motion; as, strength and agility of body.
They... trust to the agility of their wit.
Wheeling with the agility of a hawk.
Sir W. Scott.
2. Activity; powerful agency. [Obs.]
The agility of the sun's fiery heat.
Ag6iOo (?), n.; pl. Agios (?). [It. aggio exchange,
discount, premium, the same word as agio ease. See Ease.]
(Com.) The premium or percentage on a better sort of money
when it is given in exchange for an inferior sort. The
premium or discount on foreign bills of exchange is
sometimes called agio.
Ag6iOoOtage (?), n. [F. agiotage, fr. agioter to practice
stockjobbing, fr. agio.] Exchange business; also,
stockjobbing; the maneuvers of speculators to raise or lower
the price of stocks or public funds.
Vanity and agiotage are to a Parisian the oxygen and
hydrogen of life.
AOgist6 (?), v. t. [OF. agister; (L. ad) + gister to
assign a lodging, fr. giste lodging, abode, F. g te, LL.
gistum, gista, fr. L. jacitum, p. p. of jac?re to lie: cf.
LL. agistare, adgistare. See Gist.] (Law) To take to graze
or pasture, at a certain sum; P used originally of the
feeding of cattle in the king's forests, and collecting the
money for the same.
Ag7isOta6tor (?), n. [LL.] See Agister.
AOgist6er, AOgist6or } (?), n. [AngloPNorman agistour.]
(Law) (a) Formerly, an officer of the king's forest, who had
the care of cattle agisted, and collected the money for the
same; P hence called gisttaker, which in England is
corrupted into guestPtaker. (b) Now, one who agists or takes
in cattle to pasture at a certain rate; a pasturer.
Mozley & W.
AOgist6ment (?), n. [OF. agistement. See Agist.] (Law) (a)
Formerly, the taking and feeding of other men's cattle in
the king's forests. (b) The taking in by any one of other
men's cattle to graze at a certain rate. Mozley & W. (c) The
price paid for such feeding. (d) A charge or rate against
lands; as, an agistment of sea banks, i. e., charge for
banks or dikes.
Ag6iOtaOble (?), a. [L. agitabilis: cf. F. agitable.]
Capable of being agitated, or easily moved. [R.]
Ag6iOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agitated (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Agitating (?).] [L. agitatus, p. p. of agitare to put
in motion, fr. agere to move: cf. F. agiter. See Act,
Agent.] 1. To move with a violent, irregular action; as, the
wind agitates the sea; to agitate water in a vessel.
=Winds... agitate the air.8
2. To move or actuate. [R.]
3. To stir up; to disturb or excite; to perturb; as, he was
greatly agitated.
The mind of man is agitated by various passions.
4. To discuss with great earnestness; to debate; as, a
controversy hotly agitated.
5. To revolve in the mind, or view in all its aspects; to
contrive busily; to devise; to plot; as, politicians agitate
desperate designs.
Syn. P To move; shake; excite; rouse; disturb; distract;
revolve; discuss; debate; canvass.
Ag6iOta7tedOly, adv. In an agitated manner.
Ag7iOta6tion (?), n. [L. agitatio: cf. F. agitation.] 1.The
act of agitating, or the state of being agitated; the state
of being moved with violence, or with irregular action;
commotion; as, the sea after a storm is in agitation.
2. A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity;
disturbance of mind which shows itself by physical
excitement; perturbation; as, to cause any one agitation.
3. Excitement of public feeling by discussion, appeals,
etc.; as, the antislavery agitation; labor agitation.
=Religious agitations.8
4. Examination or consideration of a subject in controversy,
or of a plan proposed for adoption; earnest discussion;
A logical agitation of the matter.
The project now in agitation.
Syn. P Emotion; commotion; excitement; trepidation; tremor;
perturbation. See Emotion.
Ag6iOtaOtive (?), a. Tending to agitate.
X A7giOta6to (?), a. [It., agitated.] (Med.) Sung or played
in a restless, hurried, and spasmodic manner.
Ag6iOta7tor (?), n. [L.] 1. One who agitates; one who stirs
up or excites others; as, political reformers and agitators.
2. (Eng. Hist.) One of a body of men appointed by the army,
in Cromwell's time, to look after their interests; P called
also adjutators.
3. An implement for shaking or mixing.
AOgleam6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + gleam.] Gleaming; as,
faces agleam.
Ag6let (?), Aig6let (?), } n. [F. aiguillette point, tagged
point, dim. of aiguilee needle, fr. LL. acucula for acicula,
dim. of L. acus needle, pin?: cf. OF. agleter to hook on.
See Acute, and cf. Aiguillette.] 1. A tag of a lace or of
the points, braids, or cords formerly used in dress. They
were sometimes formed into small images. Hence, =aglet baby=
(Shak.), an aglet image.
2. (Haberdashery) A round white staylace.
AOgley6 (?), adv. Aside; askew. [Scotch]
AOglim6mer (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glimmer.] In a
glimmering state.
AOglit6ter (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glitter.] Clittering;
in a glitter.
AOglos6sal (?), a. [Gr. ?.] (Zol.) Without tongue;
AOglow6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO + glow.] In a glow;
glowing; as, cheeks aglow; the landscape all aglow.
Ag7luOti6tion (?), n. [Pref. aO not + L. glutire to
swallow.] (Med.) Inability to swallow.
Ag6miOnal (?), a. [L. agminalis; agmen, agminis, a train.]
Pertaining to an army marching, or to a train. [R.]
Ag6miOnate (?), Ag6miOna7ted (?), } a. [L. agmen, agminis, a
train, crowd.] (Physiol.) Grouped together; as, the
agminated glands of Peyer in the small intestine.
Ag6nail (?), n. [AS. angngl; ange vexation, trouble + ngel
nail. Cf. Hangnail.] 1. A corn on the toe or foot. [Obs.]
2. An inflammation or sore under or around the nail; also, a
Ag6nate (?), a. [L. agnatus, p. p. of agnasci to be born in
addition to; ad + nasci (for gnasci) to be born. Cf.
Adnate.] 1. Related or akin by the father's side; also,
sprung from the same male ancestor.
2. Allied; akin. =Agnate words.8
Assume more or less of a fictitious character, but congenial
and agnate with the former.
Ag6nate, n. [Cf. F. agnat.] (Civil Law) A relative whose
relationship can be traced exclusively through males.
AgOnat6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. agnatique.] Pertaining to descent
by the male line of ancestors. =The agnatic succession.8
AgOna6tion (?), n. [L. agnatio: cf. F. agnation.] 1. (Civil
Law) Consanguinity by a line of males only, as distinguished
from cognation.

2. Relationship; kinship by descent; as, an agnation between
the Latin language and the German.
AgOni6tion (?), n. [L. agnitio, fr. agnoscere. See Notion.]
Acknowledgment. [Obs.]
AgOnize6 (?), v. t. [Formed like recognize, fr. L.
agnoscere.] To recognize; to acknowledge. [Archaic]
I do agnize a natural and prompt alacrity.
Ag7noiOol6Ogy (?), n. [Gr. ? ignorance + Ology.] (Metaph.)
The doctrine concerning those things of which we are
necessarily ignorant.
X AgOno6men (?), n. [L.; ad + nomen name.] 1. An additional
or fourth name given by the Romans, or account of some
remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio
2. An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as,
Aristides the Just.
AgOnom6iOnate (?), v. t. To name. [Obs.]
AgOnom7iOna6tion (?), n. [L. agnominatio. See Agnomen.] 1. A
surname. [R.]
2. Paronomasia; also, alliteration; annomination.
AgOnos6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? knowing, ? to know.]
Professing ignorance; involving no dogmatic; pertaining to
or involving agnosticism. P AgOnos6ticOalOly (?), adv.
AgOnos6tic, n. One who professes ignorance, or denies that
we have any knowledge, save of phenomena; one who supports
agnosticism, neither affirming nor denying the existence of
a personal Deity, a future life, etc.
5 A name first suggested by Huxley in 1869.
AgOnos6tiOcism (?), n. That doctrine which, professing
ignorance, neither asserts nor denies. Specifically:
(Theol.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal
Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor
disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind
(as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because
of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical
and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as
taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); P opposed alike
dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism.
X Ag6nus (?), n.; pl. E. Agnuses (?); L. Agni (?). [L., a
lamb.] Agnus Dei.
X Ag6nus cas6tus (?). [Gr. ? a willowlike tree, used at a
religious festival; confused with ? holy, chaste.] (Bot.) A
species of Vitex (V. agnus castus); the chaste tree.
And wreaths of agnus castus others bore.
X Ag6nus De6i (?). [L., lamb of God.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) A
figure of a lamb bearing a cross or flag. (b) A cake of wax
stamped with such a figure. It is made from the remains of
the paschal candles and blessed by the Pope. (c) A triple
prayer in the sacrifice of the Mass, beginning with the
words =Agnus Dei.8
AOgo6 (?), a. & adv. [OE. ago, agon, p. p. of agon to go
away, pass by, AS. >g>n to pass away; >O (cf. Goth. usO,
Ger. erO, orig. meaning out) + g>n to go. See Go.] Past;
gone by; since; as, ten years ago; gone long ago.
AOgog6 (?), a. & adv. [Cf. F. gogue fun, perhaps of Celtic
origin.] In eager desire; eager; astir.
All agog to dash through thick and thin.
AOgo6ing (?), adv. [Pref. aO + p. pr. of go.] In motion; in
the act of going; as, to set a mill agoing.
X Ag6on (?), n.; pl. Agones (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? to lead.]
(gr. Antiq.) A contest for a prize at the public games.
AOgone6 (?), a. & adv. Ago. [Archaic & Poet.]
Three days agone I fell sick.
1 Sam. xxx. 13.
A6gone (?), n. [See Agonic.] Agonic line.
AOgon6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? without angles; ? priv. + ? an
angle.] Not forming an angle.
w line (Physics), an imaginary line on the earth's surface
passing through those places where the magnetic ?eodle
points to the true north; the line of no magnetic variation.
There is one such line in the Western hemisphere, and
another in the Eastern hemisphere.
Ag6oOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to contend for a prize, fr.
?. See Agon.] Contention for a prize; a contest. [Obs. & R.]
Ag6oOnist (?), n. [Gr. ?.] One who contends for the prize in
public games. [R.]
Ag7oOnis6tic (?), Ag7oOnis6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?. See
Agonism.] Pertaining to violent contests, bodily or mental;
pertaining to athletic or polemic feats; athletic;
combative; hence, strained; unnatural.
As a scholar, he [Dr. Parr] was brilliant, but he consumed
his power in agonistic displays.
De Quincey.
Ag7oOnis6ticOalOly, adv. In an agonistic manner.
Ag7oOnis6tics (?), n. The science of athletic combats, or
contests in public games.
Ag6oOnize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Agonized (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Agonizing (?).] [F. agoniser, LL. agonizare, fr. Gr.
?. See Agony.] 1. To writhe with agony; to suffer violent
To smart and agonize at every pore.
2. To struggle; to wrestle; to strive desperately.
Ag6oOnize, v. t. To cause to suffer agony; to subject to
extreme pain; to torture.
He agonized his mother by his behavior.
Ag6oOni7zingOly (?), adv. With extreme anguish or desperate
Ag6oOnoOthete7 (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? to set. appoint.]
[Antiq.] An officer who presided over the great public games
in Greece.
Ag7oOnoOthet6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to the office of
an agonothete.
Ag6oOny (?), n.; pl. Agonies (?). [L. agonia, Gr. ?, orig. a
contest, fr. ?: cf. F. agonie. See Agon.] 1. Violent contest
or striving.
The world is convulsed by the agonies of great nations.
2. Pain so extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of
the body, similar to those made in the athletic contests in
Greece; and hence, extreme pain of mind or body; anguish;
paroxysm of grief; specifically, the sufferings of Christ in
the garden of Gethsemane.
Being in an agony he prayed more earnestly.
Luke xxii. 44.
3. Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion.
With cries and agonies of wild delight.
4. The last struggle of life; death struggle.
Syn. P Anguish; torment; throe; distress; pangs; suffering.
P Agony, Anguish, Pang. These words agree in expressing
extreme pain of body or mind. Agony denotes acute and
permanent pain, usually of the whole system., and often
producing contortions. Anguish denotes severe pressure, and,
considered as bodily suffering, is more commonly local (as
anguish of a wound), thus differing from agony. A pang is a
paroxysm of excruciating pain. It is severe and transient.
The agonies or pangs of remorse; the anguish of a wounded
conscience. =Oh, sharp convulsive pangs of agonizing
pride !8
APgood6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + good.] In earnest; heartily.
[Obs.] =I made her weep agood.8
X Ag6oOra (?), n. [Gr. ?.] An assembly; hence, the place of
assembly, especially the market place, in an ancient Greek
X AOgou6aOra (?), n. [Native name.] (Zol.) The crabPeating
raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus), found in the tropical parts
of America.
X AOgou6ta (?), n. [Native name.] (Zol.) A small
insectivorous mammal (Solenodon paradoxus), allied to the
moles, found only in Hayti.
AOgou6ti, AOgou6ty } (?), n. [F. agouti, acouti, Sp. aguti,
fr. native name.] (Zol.) A rodent of the genus Dasyprocta,
about the size of a rabbit, peculiar to South America and
the West Indies. The most common species is the Dasyprocta
AOgrace6 (?), n. & v. See Aggrace. [Obs.]
AOgraffe6 (?), n. [F. agrafe, formerly agraffe, OF. agrappe.
See Agrappes.] 1. A hook or clasp.
The feather of an ostrich, fastened in her turban by an
agraffe set with brilliants.
Sir W. Scott.
2. A hook, eyelet, or other device by which a piano wire is
so held as to limit the vibration.
AOgram6maOtist (?), n. [Gr. ? illiterate; ? priv. + ?
letters, fr. ? to write.] A illiterate person. [Obs.]
X AOgraph6iOa (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? to write.] The
absence or loss of the power of expressing ideas by written
signs. It is one form of aphasia.
AOgrah6ic (?), a. Characterized by agraphia.
AOgrappes6 (?), n. pl. [OF. agrappe, F. agrafe; a + grappe
(see Grape) fr. OHG. kr>pfo hook.] Hooks and eyes for armor,
AOgra6riOan (?), a. [L. agrarius, fr. ager field.] 1.
Pertaining to fields, or lands, or their tenure; esp.,

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