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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

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When pain and anguish wring the brow.
Sir W. Scott.
7. (Numis.) An ancient gold coin of England, bearing the
figure of the archangel Michael. It varied in value from 6s.
8d. to 10s.
Amer. Cyc.
5 Angel is sometimes used adjectively; as, angel grace;
angel whiteness.
w bed, a bed without posts. P w fish. (Zol.) (a) A species
of shark (Sq??tina angelus) from six to eight feet long,
found on the coasts of Europe and North America. It takes
its name from its pectoral fins, which are very large and
extend horizontally like wings when spread. (b) One of
several species of compressed, bright colored fishes warm
seas, belonging to the family, Chtodontid. P w gold,
standard gold. [Obs.] Fuller. P w shark. See Angel fish. P w
shot (Mil.), a kind of chain shot. P w water, a perfumed
liquid made at first chiefly from angelica; afterwards
containing rose, myrtle, and orangePflower waters, with
ambergris, etc. [Obs.]
An6gelOage (?), n. Existence or state of angels.
An6gelOet (?), n. [OF. angelet.] A small gold coin formerly
current in England; a half angel.
Eng. Cyc.
An6gel fish. See under Angel.
An6gelOhood (?), n. The state of being an angel; angelic
Mrs. Browning.
{ AnOgel6ic (?), AnOgel6icOal (?), } a. [L. angelicus, Gr.
?: cf. F. anglique.] Belonging to, or proceeding from,
angels; resembling, characteristic of, or partaking of the
nature of, an angel; heavenly; divine. =Angelic harps.8
Thomson.=Angelical actions.8 Hooker.
The union of womanly tenderness and angelic patience.
Angelic Hymn, a very ancient hymn of the Christian Church; P
so called from its beginning with the song of the heavenly
host recorded in Luke ii. 14.
AnOgel6ic, a. [From Angelica.] (Chem.) Of or derived from
angelica; as, angelic acid; angelic ether.
w acid, an acid obtained from angelica and some other
AnOgel6iOca (?), n. [NL. See Angelic.] (Bot.) 1. An aromatic
umbelliferous plant (Archangelica officinalis or Angelica
archangelica) the leaf stalks of which are sometimes candied
and used in confectionery, and the roots and seeds as an
aromatic tonic.
2. The candied leaf stalks of ~.
w tree, a thorny North American shrub (Aralia spinosa),
called also Hercules' club.
AnOgel6icOalOly (?), adv. Like an angel.
AnOgel6icOalOness, n. The quality of being angelic;
excellence more than human.
AnOgel6iOfy (?), v. t. To make like an angel; to angelize.
Farindon (1647).
An6gelOize (?), v. t. To raise to the state of an angel; to
render angelic.
It ought not to be our object to angelize, nor to brutalize,
but to humanize man.
W. Taylor.
An6gelOlike7 (?), a. & adv. Resembling an angel.
An7gelOol6aOtry (?), n. [Gr. ? angel + ? service, worship.]
Worship paid to angels.
An7gelOol6oOgy (?), n. [L. angelus, Gr. ? + Ology.] A
discourse on angels, or a body of doctrines in regard to
The same mythology commanded the general consent; the same
angelology, demonology.
An7gelOoph6aOny (?), n. [Gr. ? angel + ? to appear.] The
actual appearance of an angel to man.
An6geOlot (?), n. [F. angelot, LL. angelotus, angellotus,
dim. of angelus. See Angel.] 1. A French gold coin of the
reign of Louis XI., bearing the image of St. Michael; also,
a piece coined at Paris by the English under Henry VI.
2. An instrument of music, of the lute kind, now disused.
Johnson. R. Browning.
3. A sort of small, rich cheese, made in Normandy.
X An6geOlus (?), n. [L.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) A form of devotion
in which three Ave Marias are repeated. It is said at
morning, noon, and evening, at the sound of a bell. (b) The
Angelus bell.
An6ger (?), n. [OE. anger, angre, affliction, ~, fr. Icel.
angr affliction, sorrow; akin to Dan. anger regret, Swed.
nger regret, AS. ange oppressed, sad, L. angor a
strangling, anguish, angere to strangle, Gr. ? to strangle,
Skr. amhas pain, and to. anguish, anxious, quinsy, and perh.
awe, ugly. The word seems to have orig. meant to choke,
squeeze. ?.] 1. Trouble; vexation; also, physical pain or
smart of a sore, etc. [Obs.]
I made the experiment, setting the moxa where... the
greatest anger and soreness still continued.
2. A strong passion or emotion of displeasure or antagonism,
excited by a real or supposed injury or insult to one's self
or others, or by the intent to do such injury.
Anger is like
A full not horse, who being allowed his way,
SelfPmettle tires him.
Syn. - Resentment; wrath; rage; fury; passion; ire gall;
choler; indignation; displeasure; vexation; grudge; spleen.
P Anger, Indignation, Resentment, Wrath, Ire, Rage, Fury.
Anger is a feeling of keen displeasure (usually with a
desire to punish) for what we regard as wrong toward
ourselves or others. It may be excessive or misplaced, but
is not necessarily criminal. Indignation is a generous
outburst of ~ in view of things which are indigna, or
unworthy to be done, involving what is mean, cruel,
flagitious, etc., in character or conduct. Resentment is
often a moody feeling, leading one to brood over his
supposed personal wrongs with a deep and lasting ~. See
Resentment. Wrath and ire (the last poetical) express the
feelings of one who is bitterly provoked. Rage is a vehement
ebullition of ~; and fury is an excess of rage, amounting
almost to madness. Warmth of constitution often gives rise
to anger; a high sense of honor creates indignation at
crime; a man of quick sensibilities is apt to cherish
resentment; the wrath and ire of men are often connected
with a haughty and vindictive spirit; rage and fury are
distempers of the soul to be regarded only with abhorrence.
An6ger (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Angered (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Angering.] [Cf. Icel. angra.] 1. To make painful; to cause
to smart; to inflame. [Obs.]
He... angereth malign ulcers.
2. To excite to ~; to enrage; to provoke.
Taxes and impositions... which rather angered than grieved
the people.
An6gerOly, adv. Angrily. [Obs.or Poetic]
Why, how now, Hecate! you look angerly.
An6geOvine (?), a. [F. Angevin.] Of or pertaining to Anjou
in France. P n. A native of Anjou.
X An7giOen6chyOma (?), n. [Gr. ? receptacle + ?. Formed like
Parenchyma.] (Bot.) Vascular tissue of plants, consisting of
spiral vessels, dotted, barred, and pitted ducts, and
laticiferous vessels.
X AnOgi6na (?), n. [L., fr. angere to strangle, to choke.
See Anger, n.] (Med.) Any inflammatory affection of the
throat or faces, as the quinsy, malignant sore throat,
croup, etc., especially such as tends to produce
suffocation, choking, or shortness of breath.
w pectoris (?), a peculiarly painful disease, so named from
a sense of suffocating contraction or tightening of the
lower part of the chest; P called also breast pang, spasm of
the chest.
{ An6giOnous (?), An6giOnose7 (?), } a. (Med.) Pertaining to
angina or angina pectoris.
An6giOoO (?). [Gr. ? vessel receptacle.] A prefix, or
combining form, in numerous compounds, usually relating to
seed or blood vessels, or to something contained in, or
covered by, a vessel.
An7giOoOcar6pous (?), a. [AngioO + Gr. ? fruit.] (Bot.)(a)
Having fruit inclosed within a covering that does not form a
part of itself; as, the filbert covered by its husk, or the
acorn seated in its cupule. Brande & C. (b) Having the seeds
or spores covered, as in certain lichens.
An7giOof6raOphy (?), n. [AngioO + Ography: cf. F.
angiographie.] (Anat.) A description of blood vessels and
An7giOol6oOgy (?), n. [AngioO + Ology.] (Anat.) That part of
anatomy which treats of blood vessels and lymphatics.
X An7giOo6ma (?), n. [AngioO + Ooma.] (Med.) A tumor
composed chiefly of dilated blood vessels.
An7giOoOmon7oOsper6mous (?), a. [AngioO + monospermous.]
(Bot.) Producing one seed only in a seed pod.
An6giOoOscope (?), n. [AngioO + Oscope.] An instrument for
examining the capillary vessels of animals and plants.
An6giOoOsperm (?), n. [AngioO + Gr. ?, ?, seed.] (Bot.) A
plant which has its seeds inclosed in a pericarp.
5 The term is restricted to exogenous plants, and applied to
one of the two grand divisions of these species, the other
division including gymnosperms, or those which have naked
seeds. The oak, apple, beech, etc., are angiosperms, while
the pines, spruce, hemlock, and the allied varieties, are
An7giOoOsper6maOtous (?), a. (Bot.) Same as Angiospermous.
An7giOoOsper6mous (?), a. (Bot.) Having seeds inclosed in a
pod or other pericarp.
An7giOos6poOrous (?), a. [AngioO + spore.] (Bot.) Having
spores contained in cells or thec, as in the case of some
An7giOos6toOmous (?), a. [AngioO + Gr. ? mouth.] (Zol.)
With a narrow mouth, as the shell of certain gastropods.
An7giOot6oOmy (?), n. [AngioO + Gr. ? a cutting.] (Anat.)
Dissection of the blood vessels and lymphatics of the body.
An6gle (?), n. [F. angle, L. angulus angle, corner; akin to
uncus hook, Gr. ? bent, crooked, angular, ? a bend or
hollow, AS. angel hook, fishO

<-- p. 57 -->

hook, G. angel, and F. anchor.] 1. The inclosed space near
the point where two lines; a corner; a nook.
Into the utmost angle of the world.
To search the tenderest angles of the heart.
2. (Geom.) (a) The figure made by. two lines which meet. (b)
The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines meet,
the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle.
3. A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.
Though but an angle reached him of the stone.
4. (Astrol.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological
=houses.8 [Obs.]
5. [AS. angel.] A fishhook; tackle for catching fish,
consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a rod.
Give me mine angle: we 'll to the river there.
A fisher next his trembling angle bears.
Acute angle, one less than a right angle, or less than 900.
P Adjacent or Contiguous angles, such as have one leg common
to both angles. P Alternate angles. See Alternate. P Angle
bar. (a) (Carp.) An upright bar at the angle where two faces
of a polygonal or bay window meet. Knight. (b) (Mach.) Same
as Angle iron. P Angle bead (Arch.), a bead worked on or
fixed to the angle of any architectural work, esp. for
protecting an angle of a wall. P Angle brace, Angle tie
(Carp.), a brace across an interior angle of a wooden frame,
forming the hypothenuse and securing the two side pieces
together. Knight. P Angle iron (Mach.), a rolled bar or
plate of iron having one or more angles, used for forming
the corners, or connecting or sustaining the sides of an
iron structure to which it is riveted. P Angle leaf
(Arch.), a detail in the form of a leaf, more or less
conventionalized, used to decorate and sometimes to
strengthen an angle. P Angle meter, an instrument for
measuring angles, esp. for ascertaining the dip of strata. P
Angle shaft (Arch.), an enriched angle bead, often having a
capital or base, or both. P Curvilineal angle, one formed by
two curved lines. P External angles, angles formed by the
sides of any rightPlined figure, when the sides are produced
or lengthened. P Facial angle. See under Facial. P Internal
angles, those which are within any rightPlined figure. P
Mixtilineal angle, one formed by a right line with a curved
line. P Oblique angle, one acute or obtuse, in opposition to
a right angle. P Obtuse angle, one greater than a right
angle, or more than 900. P Optic angle. See under Optic. P
Rectilineal or RightPlined angle, one formed by two right
lines. P Right angle, one formed by a right line falling on
another perpendicularly, or an angle of 900 (measured by a
quarter circle). P Solid angle, the figure formed by the
meeting of three or more plane angles at one point. P
Spherical angle, one made by the meeting of two arcs of
great circles, which mutually cut one another on the surface
of a globe or sphere. P Visual angle, the angle formed by
two rays of light, or two straight lines drawn from the
extreme points of an object to the center of the eye. P For
Angles of commutation, draught, incidence, reflection,
refraction, position, repose, fraction, see Commutation,
Draught, Incidence, Reflection, Refraction, etc.
An6gle (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Angled (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Angling (?).] 1. To fish with an angle (fishhook), or with
hook and line.
2. To use some bait or artifice; to intrigue; to scheme; as,
to angle for praise.
The hearts of all that he did angle for.
An6gle, v. t. To try to gain by some insinuating artifice;
to allure. [Obs.] =He angled the people's hearts.8
Sir P. Sidney.
An6gled (?), a. Having an angle or angles; P used in
compounds; as, rightPangled, manyPangled, etc.
The thrice threePangled beechnut shell.
Bp. Hall.
An6gleOme7ter (?), n. [Angle + Ometer.] An instrument to
measure angles, esp. one used by geologists to measure the
dip of strata.
An6gler (?), n. 1. One who angles.
2. (Zol.) A fish (Lophius piscatorius), of Europe and
America, having a large, broad, and depressed head, with the
mouth very large. Peculiar appendages on the head are said
to be used to entice fishes within reach. Called also
fishing frog, frogfish, toadfish, goosefish, allmouth,
monkfish, etc.
An6gles (?), n. pl. [L. Angli. See Anglican.] (Ethnol.) An
ancient Low German tribe, that settled in Britain, which
came to be called EnglaPland (Angleland or England). The
Angles probably came from the district of Angeln (now within
the limits of Schleswig), and the country now Lower Hanover,
An6gleOsite (?), n. [From the Isle of Anglesea.] (Min.) A
native sulphate of lead. It occurs in white or yellowish
transparent, prismatic crystals.
An6gleOwise7 (?), adv. [Angle + wise, OE. wise manner.] In
an angular manner; angularly.
An6gleOworm7 (?), n. (Zol.) A earthworm of the genus
Lumbricus, frequently used by anglers for bait. See
An6gliOan (?), a. Of or pertaining to the Angles. P n. One
of the Angles.
An6glic (?), a. Anglian.
An6gliOcan (?), a. [Angli the Angles, a Germanic tribe in
Lower Germany. Cf. English.] 1. English; of or pertaining to
England or the English nation; especially, pertaining to, or
connected with, the established church of England; as, the
Anglican church, doctrine, orders, ritual, etc.
2. Pertaining to, characteristic of, or held by, the high
church party of the Church of England.
An6gliOcan (?), n. 1. A member of the Church of England.
Whether Catholics, Anglicans, or Calvinists.
2. In a restricted sense, a member of the High Church party,
or of the more advanced ritualistic section, in the Church
of England.
An6gliOcanOism (?), n. 1. Strong partiality to the
principles and rites of the Church of England.
2. The principles of the established church of England;
also, in a restricted sense, the doctrines held by the
highPchurch party.
3. Attachment to England or English institutions.
X An6gliOce (?), adv. [NL.] In English; in the English
manner; as, Livorno, Anglice Leghorn.
AnOglic6iOfy (?), v. t. [NL. Anglicus English + Ofly.] To
anglicize. [R.]
An6gliOcism (?), n. [Cf. F. anglicisme.] 1. An English
idiom; a phrase or form language peculiar to the English.
2. The quality of being English; an English characteristic,
custom, or method.
AnOgic6iOty (?), n. The state or quality of being English.
An7gliOciOza6tion (?), n. The act of anglicizing, or making
English in character.
An6gliOcize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anglicized (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Anglicizing.] To make English; to English; to
anglify; render conformable to the English idiom, or to
English analogies.
An6gliOfy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anglified (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Anglifying.] [L. Angli + Ofly.] To convert into
English; to anglicize.
Franklin. Darwin.
An6gling (?), n. The act of one who angles; the art of
fishing with rod and line.
An6gloP (?). [NL. Anglus English. See Anglican.] A combining
form meaning the same as English; or English and, or English
conjoined with; as, AngloPTurkish treaty, AngloPGerman,
AngloPAmerican, a. Of or pertaining to the English and
Americans, or to the descendants of Englishmen in America. P
n. A descendant from English ancestors born in America, or
the United States.
AngloPDanish, a. Of or pertaining to the English and Danes,
or to the Danes who settled in England.
AngloPIndian, a. Of or pertaining to the English in India,
or to the English and East Indian peoples or languages. P n.
One of the ^ race born or resident in the East Indies.
AngloPNorman, a. Of or pertaining to the ^ and Normans, or
to the Normans who settled in England. P n. One of the ^
Normans, or the Normans who conquered England.
AngloPSaxon. See AngloPSaxon in the Vocabulary.
An6gloPCath6oOlic , a,. Of or pertaining to a church modeled
on the English Reformation; Anglican; P sometimes restricted
to the ritualistic or High Church section of the Church of
An6gloPCath6oOlic, n. A member of the Church of England who
contends for its catholic character; more specifically, a
High Churchman.
An6gloOma6niOa (?), n. [AngloO + mania.] A mania for, or an
inordinate attachment to, English customs, institutions,
An7gloOma6niOac, n. One affected with Anglomania.
An7gloOpho6biOa (?), n. [AngloO + Gr. ? fear.] Intense dread
of, or aversion to, England or the English. P An6gloOphobe
(?), n.
An6gloOSax6on (?), n. [L. AngliPSaxones English Saxons.] 1.
A Saxon of Britain, that is, an English Saxon, or one the
Saxons who settled in England, as distinguished from a
continental (or =Old8) Saxon.
2. pl. The Teutonic people (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) of
England, or the English people, collectively, before the
Norman Conquest.
It is quite correct to call thelstan =King of the
AngloPSaxons,8 but to call this or that subject of thelstan
=an AngloPSaxon8 is simply nonsense.
E. A. Freeman.
3. The language of the ^ people before the Conquest
(sometimes called Old English). See Saxon.
4. One of the race or people who claim descent from the
Saxons, Angles, or other Teutonic tribes who settled in
England; a person of English descent in its broadest sense.
An6gloPSax6on, a. Of or pertaining to the AngloPSaxons or
their language.
An6gloPSax6onOdom (?), n. The AngloPSaxon domain (i. e.,
Great Britain and the United States, etc.); the AngloPSaxon
An6gloPSax6onOism (?), n. 1. A characteristic of the
AngloPSaxon race; especially, a word or an idiom of the
AngloPSaxon tongue.
M. Arnold.
2. The quality or sentiment of being AngloPSaxon, or ^ in
its ethnological sense.
AnOgo6la (?), n. [A corruption of Angora.] A fabric made
from the wool of the Angora goat.
AnOgo6la pea7 (?). (Bot.) A tropical plant (Cajanus indicus)
and its edible seed, a kind of pulse; P so called from
Angola in Western Africa. Called also pigeon pea and Congo
X An6gor , n. [L. See Anger.] (Med.) Great anxiety
accompanied by painful constriction at the upper part of the
belly, often with palpitation and oppression.
AnOgo6ra (?), n. A city of Asia Minor (or Anatolia) which
has given its name to a goat, a cat, etc.
w cat (Zol.), a variety of the domestic cat with very long
and silky hair, generally of the brownish white color.
Called also Angola cat. See Cat. P w goat(Zol.), a variety
of the domestic goat, reared for its long silky hair, which
is highly prized for manufacture.
An7gosOtu6ra bark6 (?). From Angostura, in Venezuela.] An
aromatic bark used as a tonic, obtained from a South
American of the rue family (Galipea cusparia, or
U. S. Disp.
X An7gou7mois6 moth6 (?; 115). [So named from Angoumois in
France.] (Zol.) A small moth (Gelechia cerealella) which is
very destructive to wheat and other grain. The larva eats
out the inferior of the grain, leaving only the shell.
An6griOly (?), adv. In an angry manner; under the influence
of anger.
An6griOness, n. The quality of being angry, or of being
inclined to anger.
Such an angriness of humor that we take fire at everything.
Whole Duty of Man.
An6gry (?), a. [Compar. Angrier (?); superl. Angriest.] [See
Anger.] 1. Troublesome; vexatious; rigorous. [Obs.]
God had provided a severe and angry education to chastise
the forwardness of a young spirit.
Jer. Taylor.
2. Inflamed and painful, as a sore.
3. Touched with anger; under the emotion of anger; feeling
resentment; enraged; P followed generally by with before a
person, and at before a thing.
Be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves.
Gen. xlv. 5.
Wherefore should God be angry at thy voice?
Eccles. v. 6.
4. Showing anger; proceeding from anger; acting as if moved
by anger; wearing the marks of anger; as, angry words or
tones; an angry sky; angry waves. =An angry countenance.8
Prov. xxv. 23.
5. Red. [R.]
Sweet rose, whose hue, angry and brave.
6. Sharp; keen; stimulated. [R.]
I never ate with angrier appetite.
Syn. - Passionate; resentful; irritated; irascible;
indignant; provoked; enraged; incensed; exasperated; irate;
hot; raging; furious; wrathful; wroth; choleric; inflamed;
An6guiOform (?), a. [L. angius snake + Oform.] SnakePshaped.
AnOguil6liOform (?), a. [L. anguilla eel (dim. of anguis
snake) + Oform.] EelPshaped.
5 The =Anguillformes8 of Cuvier are fishes related to thee
An6guine (?), a. [L. anguinus, fr. anguis snake.] Of,
pertaining to, or resembling, a snake or serpent. =The
anguine or snakelike reptiles.8
AnOquin6eOal (?), a. Anguineous.
AnOguin6eOous (?), a. [L. anguineus.] Snakelike.
An6guish (?), n. [OE. anguishe, anguise, angoise, F.
angoisse, fr. L. angustia narrowness, difficulty, distress,
fr. angustus narrow, difficult, fr. angere to press
together. See Anger.] Extreme pain, either of body or mind;
excruciating distress.
But they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and
for cruel bondage.
Ex. vi. 9.
Anguish as of her that bringeth forth her first child.
Jer. iv. 31.
Rarely used in the plural: P
Ye miserable people, you must go to God in anguishes, and
make your prayer to him.
Syn. - Agony; pang; torture; torment. See Agony.
An6guish, v. t. [Cf. F. angoisser, fr. L. angustiare.] To
distress with extreme pain or grief. [R.]
An6guOlar (?), a. [L. angularis, fr. angulus angle, corner.
See Angle.] 1. Relating to an angle or to angles; having an
angle or angles; forming an angle or corner; sharpPcornered;
pointed; as, an angular figure.
2. Measured by an angle; as, angular distance.
3. Fig.: Lean; lank; rawPboned; ungraceful; sharp and stiff
in character; as, remarkably angular in his habits and
appearance; an angular female.
w aperture, w distance. See Aperture, Distance. P w motion,
the motion of a body about a fixed point or fixed axis, as
of a planet or pendulum. It is equal to the angle passed
over at the point or axis by a line drawn to the body. P w
point, the point at which the sides of the angle meet; the
vertex. P w velocity, the ratio of ~ motion to the time
employed in describing.
An6guOlar, n. (Anat.) A bone in the base of the lower jaw of
many birds, reptiles, and fishes.
An7guOlar6iOty (?), n. The quality or state of being
angular; angularness.
An6guOlarOly (?), adv. In an angular manner; with of at
angles or corners.
B. Jonson.
An6guOlarOness, n. The quality of being angular.
{ An6guOlate (?), An6guOla7ted (?), } a. [L. angulatus, p.
p. of angulare to make angular.] Having angles or corners;
angled; as, angulate leaves.
An6guOlate (?), v. t. To make angular.
An7guOla6tion (?), n. A making angular; angular formation.
An6guOloPden6tate (?), a. [L. angulus angle + dens, dentis,
tooth.] (Bot.) Angularly toothed, as certain leaves.
An6guOlom6eOter (?), n. [L. angulus angle + Ometer.] An
instrument for measuring external angles.
An6guOlose7 (?), a. Angulous. [R.]
An7guOlos6iOty (?), n. A state of being angulous or angular.
An6guOlous (?), a. [L. angulosus: cf. F. anguleux.] Angular;
having corners; hooked. [R.]
Held together by hooks and angulous involutions.
AnOgust6 (?), a. [L. angustus. See Anguish.] Narrow; strait.
AnOgus6tate (?), a. [L. angustatus, p. p. of angustare to
make narrow.] Narrowed.
An7gusOta6tion (?), n. The act or making narrow; a
straitening or contacting.

<-- p. 58 ->

{ AnOgus7tiOfo6liOate (?), AnOgus7tiOfo6liOous (?), } a. [L.
angustus narrow (see Anguish) + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having
narrow leaves.
An7gusOtu6ra bark7 (?). See Angostura bark.
X An7gwanOti6bo (?), n. (Zol.) A small lemuroid mammal
(Arctocebus Calabarensis) of Africa. It has only a
rudimentary tail.
AnOhang6 (?), v. t. [AS. onhangian.] To hang. [Obs.]
An7harOmon6ic (?), a. [F. anharmonique, fr. Gr. ? priv. + ?
harmonic.] (Math.) Not harmonic.
The ~ function or ratio of four points abcd on a straight
line is the quantity ? : ?, where the segments are to
regarded as plus or minus, according to the order of the
An7heOla6tion (?), n. [L. anhelatio, fr. anhelare to pant;
an (perh. akin to E. on) + halare to breathe: cf. F.
anhlation.] Short and rapid breathing; a panting; asthma.
AnOhele6 (?), v. i. [Cf. OF. aneler, anheler. See
Anhelation.] To pant; to be breathlessly anxious or eager
(for). [Obs.]
They anhele... for the fruit of our convocation.
An6heOlose (?), a. Anhelous; panting. [R.]
AnOhe6lous (?), a. [L. anhelus.] Short of breath; panting.
X An6hiOma (?), n. [Brazilian name.] A South American
aquatic bird; the horned screamer or kamichi (Palamedea
cornuta). See Kamichi.
X AnOhin6ga (?), n. [Pg.] (Zol.) An aquatic bird of the
southern United States (Platus anhinga); the darter, or
AnOhis6tous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? web, tissue: cf. F.
anhiste.] (Biol.) Without definite structure; as, an
anhistous membrane.
AnOhun6gered (?), a. Ahungered; longing. [Archaic]
AnOhy6dride (?), n. [See Anhydrous.] (Chem.) An oxide of a
nonmetallic body or an organic radical, capable of forming
an acid by uniting with the elements of water; P so called
because it may be formed from an acid by the abstraction of
AnOhy6drite (?), n. [See Anhydrous.] (Min.) A mineral of a
white a slightly bluish color, usually massive. It is
anhydrous sulphate of lime, and differs from gypsum in not
containing water (whence the name).
AnOhy6drous (?), a. [Gr. ? wanting water; ? priv. + ?
water.] Destitute of water; as, anhydrous salts or acids.
X A6ni (?) or X A6no (?), n. [Native name.] (Zol.) A black
bird of tropical America, the West Indies and Florida
(Crotophaga ani), allied to the cuckoos, and remarkable for
communistic nesting.
X An6iOcut, X An6niOcut (?), n. [Tamil anai kattu dam
building.] A dam or mole made in the course of a stream for
the purpose of regulating the flow of a system of
irrigation. [India]
Brande & C.
AnOid7iOmat6icOal (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. idiomatical.]
Not idiomatic. [R.]
{ An6iOent , An7iOen6tise (?), } v. t. [OF. anientir, F.
anantir.] To frustrate; to bring to naught; to annihilate.
AOnigh6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + nigh.] Nigh. [Archaic]
{ AOnight6 (?), AOnights6 (?), } adv. [OE. on night.
Does he hawk anights still?
An6il (?), n. [F. anil, Sp. anFl, or Pg. anil; all fr. Ar.
anPnFl, for alPnFl the indigo plant, fr. Skr. nFla dark
blue, nFlF indigo, indigo plant. Cf. Lilac.] (Bot.) A West
Indian plant (Indigofera anil), one of the original sources
of indigo; also, the indigo dye.
An6ile (?), a. [L. anilis, fr. anus an old woman.]
OldPwomanish; imbecile. =Anile ideas.8
An6ileOness (?), n. Anility. [R.]
AnOil6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from,
anil; indigotic; P applied to an acid formed by the action
of nitric acid on indigo. [R.]
An6iOlide (?), n. (Chem.) One of a class of compounds which
may be regarded as amides in which more or less of the
hydrogen has been replaced by phenyl.
An6iOline (?; 277), n. [See Anil.] (Chem.) An organic base
belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia
in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical
phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained
from indigo by distillation, but now largely manufactured
from coal tar or nitrobenzene as a base from which many
brilliant dyes are made.
An6iOline, a. Made from, or of the nature of, ~.
AOnil6iOty (?), n. [L. anilitas. See Anile.] The state of
being and old woman; oldPwomanishness; dotage. =Marks of
An7iOmadOver6sal (?), n. The faculty of perceiving; a
percipient. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
An7iOmadOver6sion (?), n. [L. animadversio, fr.
animadvertere: cf. F. animadversion. See Animadvert.] 1. The
act or power of perceiving or taking notice; direct or
simple perception. [Obs.]
The soul is the sole percipient which hath animadversion and
sense, properly so called.
2. Monition; warning. [Obs.]
3. Remarks by way of criticism and usually of censure;
adverse criticism; reproof; blame.
He dismissed their commissioners with severe and sharp
4. Judicial cognizance of an offense; chastisement;
punishment. [Archaic] =Divine animadversions.8
Syn. - Stricture; criticism; censure; reproof; blame;
An7iOmadOver6sive (?), a. Having the power of perceiving;
percipient. [Archaic]
I do not mean there is a certain number of ideas glaring and
shining to the animadversive faculty.
An7iOmadOvert6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Animadverted; p. pr.
& vb. n. Animadverting.] [L. animadvertere; animus mind +
advertere to turn to; ad to + vertere to turn.] 1. To take
notice; to observe; P commonly followed by that.
Dr. H. More.
2. To consider or remark by way of criticism or censure; to
express censure; P with on or upon.
I should not animadvert on him... if he had not used extreme
severity in his judgment of the incomparable Shakespeare.
3. To take cognizance judicially; to inflict punishment.
Syn. - To remark; comment; criticise; censure.
An7iOmadOvert6er (?), n. One who animadverts; a censurer;
also [Obs.], a chastiser.
An6iOmal (?), n. [L., fr. anima breath, soul: cf. F. animal.
See Animate.] 1. An organized living being endowed with
sensation and the power of voluntary motion, and also
characterized by taking its food into an internal cavity or
stomach for digestion; by giving carbonic acid to the air
and taking oxygen in the process of respiration; and by
increasing in motive power or active aggressive force with
progress to maturity.
2. One of the lower animals; a brute or beast, as
distinguished from man; as, men and animals.
An6iOmal, a. [Cf. F. animal.] 1. Of or relating to animals;
as, animal functions.
2. Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as
distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or spiritual
part; as, the animal passions or appetites.
3. Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, animal food.
w magnetism. See Magnetism and Mesmerism. P w electricity,
the electricity developed in some animals, as the electric
eel, torpedo, etc. P w flower (Zol.), a name given to
certain marine animals resembling a flower, as any species
of actinia or sea anemone, and other Anthozoa, hydroids,
starfishes, etc. P w heat (Physiol.), the heat generated in
the body of a living ~, by means of which the ~ is kept at
nearly a uniform temperature. P w spirits. See under Spirit.
P w kingdom, the whole class of being endowed with ~ life.
It embraces several subkingdoms, and under these there are
Classes, Orders, Families, Genera, Species, and sometimes
intermediate groupings, all in regular subordination, but
variously arranged by different writers. The following are
the grand divisions, or subkingdoms, and the principal
classes under them, generally recognized at the present
time: P
Vertebrata, including Mammalia or Mammals, Aves or Birds,
Reptilia, Amphibia, Pisces or Fishes, Marsipobranchiata
(Craniota); and Leptocardia (Acrania).
Tunicata, including the Thaliacea, and Ascidioidea or
Articulata or Annulosa, including Insecta, Myriapoda,
Malacapoda, Arachnida, Pycnogonida, Merostomata, Crustacea
(Arthropoda); and Annelida, Gehyrea (Anarthropoda).
Helminthes or Vermes, including Rotifera, Chtognatha,
Nematoidea, Acanthocephala, Nemertina, Turbellaria,
Trematoda, Cestoidea, Mesozea.
Molluscoidea, including Brachiopoda and Bryozoa.
Mollusca, including Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, Pteropoda,
Scaphopoda, Lamellibranchiata or Acephala.
Echinodermata, including Holothurioidea, Echinoidea,
Asterioidea, Ophiuroidea, and Crinoidea.
C?lenterata, including Anthozoa or Polyps, Ctenophora, and
Hydrozoa or Acalephs.
Spongiozoa or Porifera, including the sponges.
Protozoa, including Infusoria and Rhizopoda.
For definitions, see these names in the Vocabulary.
{ An7iOmal6cuOlar (?), An7iOmal6cuOline (?), } a. Of,
pertaining to, or resembling, animalcules. =Animalcular
An7iOmal6cule (?), n. [As if fr. a L. animalculum, dim. of
animal.] 1. A small animal, as a fly, spider, etc. [Obs.]
2. (Zol.) An animal, invisible, or nearly so, to the naked
eye. See Infusoria.
5 Many of the soPcalled animalcules have been shown to be
plants, having locomotive powers something like those of
animals. Among these are Volvox, the Desmidiac, and the
siliceous Diatomace.
Spermatic animalcules. See Spermatozoa.
An7iOmal6cuOlism (?), n. [Cf. F. animalculisme.] (Biol.) The
theory which seeks to explain certain physiological and
pathological by means of animalcules.
An7iOmal6cuOlist (?), n. [Cf. F. animalculiste.] 1. One
versed in the knowledge of animalcules.
2. A believer in the theory of animalculism.
X An7iOmal6cuOlum (?), n.; pl. Animalcula (?). [NL. See
Animalcule.] An animalcule.
5 Animalcul, as if from a Latin singular animalcula, is a
An6iOmalOish (?), a. Like an animal.
An6iOmalOism (?), n. [Cf. F. animalisme.] The state,
activity, or enjoyment of animals; mere animal life without
intellectual or moral qualities; sensuality.
An7iOmal6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. animalit.] Animal existence
or nature.
An7OmalOiOza6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. animalisation.] 1. The act
of animalizing; the giving of animal life, or endowing with
animal properties.
2. Conversion into animal matter by the process of
An6iOmalOize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Animalized (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Animalizing.] [Cf. F. animaliser.] 1. To endow with
the properties of an animal; to represent in animal form.
2. To convert into animal matter by the processes of
3. To render animal or sentient; to reduce to the state of a
lower animal; to sensualize.
The unconscious irony of the Epicurean poet on the
animalizing tendency of his own philosophy.
An6iOmalOly, adv. Physically.
G. Eliot.
An6iOmalOness, n. Animality. [R.]
An7iOmas6tic (?), a. [L. anima breath, life.] Pertaining to
mind or spirit; spiritual.
An7iOmas6tic, n. Psychology. [Obs.]
An6iOmate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Animated; p. pr. & vb. n.
Animating.] [L. animatus, p. p. of animare, fr. anima
breath, soul; akin to animus soul, mind, Gr. ? wind, Skr. an
to breathe, live, Goth. usPanan to expire (usO out), Icel.
nd breath, anda to breathe, OHG. ando anger. Cf. Animal.]
1. To give natural life to; to make alive; to quicken; as,
the soul animates the body.
2. To give powers to, or to heighten the powers or effect
of; as, to animate a lyre.
3. To give spirit or vigor to; to stimulate or incite; to
inspirit; to rouse; to enliven.
The more to animate the people, he stood on high... and
cried unto them with a loud voice.
Syn. - To enliven; inspirit; stimulate; exhilarate; inspire;
instigate; rouse; urge; cheer; prompt; incite; quicken;
An6iOmate (?), a. [L. animatus, p. p.] Endowed with life;
alive; living; animated; lively.
The admirable structure of animate bodies.
An6iOma7ted (?), a. Endowed with life; full of life or
spirit; indicating animation; lively; vigorous. =Animated
sounds.8 Pope. =Animated bust.8 Gray. =Animated
descriptions.8 Lewis.
An6iOma7tedOly, adv. With animation.
An6iOma7ter (?), n. One who animates.
De Quincey.
An6iOma6ting, a. Causing animation; lifePgiving;
inspiriting; rousing. =Animating cries.8 Pope. P
An6iOma7tingOly, adv.
An7iOma6tion (?), n. [L. animatio, fr. animare.] 1. The act
of animating, or giving life or spirit; the state of being
animate or alive.
The animation of the same soul quickening the whole frame.
Bp. Hall.
Perhaps an inanimate thing supplies me, while I am speaking,
with whatever I posses of animation.
2. The state of being lively, brisk, or full of spirit and
vigor; vivacity; spiritedness; as, he recited the story with
great animation.
Suspended ~, temporary suspension of the vital functions, as
in persons nearly drowned.
Syn. - Liveliness; vivacity; spirit; buoyancy; airiness;
sprightliness; promptitude; enthusiasm; ardor; earnestness;
energy. See Liveliness.
An6iOmaOtive (?), aHaving the power of giving life or
An6iOma7tor (?), n. [L. animare.] One who, or that which,
animates; an animater.
Sir T. Browne.
X A6niOme7 (?), a. [F., animated.] (Her.) Of a different
tincture from the animal itself; P said of the eyes of a
rapacious animal.
Brande & C.
X A6niOme (?), n. [F. anim animated (from the insects that
are entrapped in it); or native name.] A resin exuding from
a tropical American tree (Hymena courbaril), and much used
by varnish makers.
An6iOmism (?), n. [Cf. F. animisme, fr. L. anima soul. See
Animate.] 1. The doctrine, taught by Stahl, that the soul is
the proper principle of life and development in the body.
2. The belief that inanimate objects and the phenomena of
nature are endowed with personal life or a living soul;
also, in an extended sense, the belief in the existence of
soul or spirit apart from matter.
An6iOmist (?), n. [Cf. F. animiste.] One who maintains the
doctrine of animism.
An7iOmis6tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to animism.
Huxley. Tylor.
{ An7iOmose6 (?), An6iOmous (?), } a. [L. animosus, fr.
animus soul, spirit, courage.] Full of spirit; hot;
vehement; resolute. [Obs.]
An7iOmose6ness (?), n. Vehemence of temper. [Obs.]
An7iOmos6iOty (?), n.; pl. Animosities (?). [F. animosit,
fr. L. animositas. See Animose, Animate, v. t.] 1. Mere
spiritedness or courage. [Obs.]
Such as give some proof of animosity, audacity, and
execution, those she [the crocodile] loveth.
2. Violent hatred leading to active opposition; active
enmity; energetic dislike.
Syn. - Enmity; hatred; opposition. P Animosity, Enmity.
Enmity be dormant or concealed; animosity is active enmity,
inflamed by collision and mutual injury between opposing
parties. The animosities which were continually springing up
among the clans in Scotland kept that kingdom in a state of
turmoil and bloodshed for successive ages. The animosities
which have been engendered among Christian sects have always
been the reproach of the church.
Such [writings] s naturally conduce to inflame hatreds and
make enmities irreconcilable.
[These] factions... never suspended their animosities till
they ruined that unhappy government.
An6iOmus (?), n.; pl. Animi (?). [L., mind.] Animating
spirit; intention; temper.
X w furandi [L.] (Law), intention of stealing.
An6iOon (?), n. [Gr. ?, neut. ?, p. pr. of ? to go up; ? up
+ ? to go.] (Chem.)

<-- p. 59 -->

An electroPnegative element, or the element which, in
electroPchemical decompositions, is evolved at the anode; P
opposed to cation.
An6ise (?), n. [OE. anys, F. anis, L. anisum, anethum, fr.
Gr. ?, ?.] 1. (Bot.) An umbelliferous plant (Pimpinella
anisum) growing naturally in Egypt, and cultivated in Spain,
Malta, etc., for its carminative and aromatic seeds.
2. The fruit or seeds of this plant.
An6iOseed (?), n. The seed of the anise; also, a cordial
prepared from it. =Oil of aniseed.8
Brande & C.
X An7iOsette6 (?), n. [F.] A French cordial or liqueur
flavored with anise seeds.
De Colange.
AOnis6ic (?), a. Of or derived from anise; as, anisic acid;
anisic alcohol.
{ X An7iOsoOdac6tyOla (?), An7iOsoOdac6tyls (?), } n. pl.
[NL. anisodactyla, fr. Gr. ? unequal (? priv. + ? equal) + ?
finger.] (Zol.) (a) A group of herbivorous mammals
characterized by having the hoofs in a single series around
the foot, as the elephant, rhinoceros, etc. (b) A group of
perching birds which are anisodactylous.
An7iOsoOdac6tyOlous (?), (a) (Zol.) Characterized by
unequal toes, three turned forward and one backward, as in
most passerine birds.
An7iOsoOmer6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? part.] (Chem.)
Not isomeric; not made of the same components in the same
An7iOsom6erOous (?), a. [See Anisomeric.] (Bot.) Having the
number of floral organs unequal, as four petals and six
An7iOsoOmet6ric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. isometric.] Not
isometric; having unsymmetrical parts; P said of crystals
with three unequal axes.
An7iOsoOpet6alOous (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having unequal petals.
An7iOsoph6ylOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having unequal leaves.
X An7iOsoOpleu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? unequal + ?
side.] (Zol.) A primary division of gastropods, including
those having spiral shells. The two sides of the body are
unequally developed.
X An7iOsop6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? unequal +
Opoda.] (Zol.) A division of Crustacea, which, in some its
characteristics, is intermediate between Amphipoda and
An7iOsoOstem6oOnous (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? warp, thread;
? to stand.] (Bot.) Having unequal stamens; having stamens
different in number from the petals.
An7iOsoOsthen6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? unequal + ? strength.] Of
unequal strength.
{ An6iOsoOtrope7 (?), An7iOsoOtrop6ic (?), } a. [Gr. ?
unequal + ? a turning, ? to turn.] (Physics) Not isotropic;
having different properties in different directions; thus,
crystals of the isometric system are optically isotropic,
but all other crystals are anisotropic.
An7iOsot6roOpous (?), a. Anisotropic.
An6ker (?), n. [D. anker: cf. LL. anceria, ancheria.] A
liquid measure in various countries of Europe. The Dutch
anker, formerly also used in England, contained about 10 of
the old wine gallons, or 8? imperial gallons.
An6kerOite (?), n. [So called from Prof. Anker of Austria:
cf. F. ankrite, G. ankerit.] (Min.) A mineral closely
related to dolomite, but containing iron.
An6kle (?), n. [OE. ancle, anclow, AS. ancleow; akin to
Icel. kkla, kli, Dan. and Sw. ankel, D. enklaauw, enkel,
G. enkel, and perh. OHG. encha, ancha thigh, shin: cf. Skr.
anga limb, anguri finger. Cf. Haunch.] The joint which
connects the foot with the leg; the tarsus.
w bone, the bone of the ~; the astragalus.
An6kled (?), a.Having ankles; P used in composition; as,
Beau. & Fl.
An6klet (?), n. An ornament or a fetter for the ankle; an
ankle ring.
An6kyOlose (?), v. t. & i. Same as Anchylose.
X An7kyOlo6sis (?), n. Same as Anchylosis.
An6lace (?), n. [Origin unknown.] A broad dagger formerly
worn at the girdle. [Written also anelace.]
{ Ann (?), An6nat (?), } n. [LL. annata income of a year,
also, of half a year, fr. L. annus year: cf. F. annate
annats.] (Scots Law) A half years's stipend, over and above
what is owing for the incumbency, due to a minister's heirs
after his decease.
X An6na (?), n. [Hindi >n>.] An East Indian money of
account, the sixteenth of a rupee, or about 2? cents.
An6nal (?), n. See Annals.
An6nalOist, n. [Cf. F. annaliste.] A writer of annals.
The monks... were the only annalists in those ages.
An7nalOis6tic (?), a. Pertaining to, or after the manner of,
an annalist; as, the dry annalistic style.=A stiff
annalistic method.8
Sir G. C. Lewis.
An6nalOize (?), v. t. To record in annals.
An6nals (?), n. pl. [L. annalis (sc. liber), and more
frequently in the pl. annales (sc. libri), chronicles, fr.
annus year. Cf. Annual.] 1. A relation of events in
chronological order, each event being recorded under the
year in which it happened. =Annals the revolution.8
Macaulay. =The annals of our religion.8 Rogers.
2. Historical records; chronicles; history.
The short and simple annals of the poor.
It was one of the most critical periods in our annals.
3. sing. The record of a single event or item. =In deathless
4. A periodic publication, containing records of
discoveries, transactions of societies, etc.; =Annals of
Syn. - History. See History.
{ An6nats (?), An6nates (?), } n. pl. [See Ann.] (Eccl. Law)
The first year's profits of a spiritual preferment,
anciently paid by the clergy to the pope; first fruits. In
England, they now form a fund for the augmentation of poor
AnOneal6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annealed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annealing.] [OE. anelen to heat, burn, AS. an?lan; an on
+ ?lan to burn; also OE. anelen to enamel, prob. influenced
by OF. neeler, nieler, to put a black enamel on gold or
silver, F. nieller, fr. LL. nigellare to blacken, fr. L.
nigellus blackish, dim. of niger black. Cf. Niello, Negro.]
1. To subject to great heat, and then cool slowly, as glass,
cast iron, steel, or other metal, for the purpose of
rendering it less brittle; to temper; to toughen.
2. To heat, as glass, tiles, or earthenware, in order to fix
the colors laid on them.
AnOneal6er (?), n. One who, or that which, anneals.
AnOneal6ing, n. 1. The process used to render glass, iron,
etc., less brittle, performed by allowing them to cool very
gradually from a high heat.
2. The burning of metallic colors into glass, earthenware,
AnOnec6tent (?), a. [L. annectere to tie or bind to. See
Annex.] Connecting; annexing.
{ An7neOlid (?), AnOnel6iOdan (?), } a. [F. annlide, fr.
anneler to arrange in rings, OF. anel a ring, fr. L. anellus
a ring, dim. of annulus a ring.] (Zol.) Of or pertaining to
the Annelida. P n. One of the Annelida.
X AnOnel6iOda (?), n. pl. [NL. See Annelid.] (Zol.) A
division of the Articulata, having the body formed of
numerous rings or annular segments, and without jointed
legs. The principal subdivisions are the Chtopoda,
including the Oligochta or earthworms and Polychta or
marine worms; and the Hirudinea or leeches. See Chtopoda.
AnOnel6iOdous (?), a. (Zol.) Of the nature of an annelid.
X An7nelOla6ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zol.) See Annelida.
An6neOloid (?), n. [F. annel ringed + Ooid.] (Zol.) An
animal resembling an annelid.
AnOnex6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annexed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annexing.] [F. annexer, fr. L. annexus, p. p. of
annectere to tie or bind to; ad + nectere to tie, to fasten
together, akin to Skr. nah to bind.] 1. To join or attach;
usually to subjoin; to affix; to append; P followed by to.
=He annexed a codicil to a will.8
2. To join or add, as a smaller thing to a greater.
He annexed a province to his kingdom.
3. To attach or connect, as a consequence, condition, etc.;
as, to annex a penalty to a prohibition, or punishment to
Syn. - To add; append; affix; unite; coalesce. See Add.
AnOnex6, v. i. To join; to be united.
AnOnex6 (?), n. [F. annexe, L. annexus, neut. annexum, p. p.
of annectere.] Something annexed or appended; as, an
additional stipulation to a writing, a subsidiary building
to a main building; a wing.
An7nexOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. annexation. See Annex, v. t.]
1. The act of annexing; process of attaching, adding, or
appending; the act of connecting; union; as, the annexation
of Texas to the United States, or of chattels to the
2. (a) (Law) The union of property with a freehold so as to
become a fixture. Bouvier. (b) (Scots Law) The appropriation
of lands or rents to the crown.
An7nexOa6tionOist, n. One who favors annexation.
AnOnex6er (?), n. One who annexes.
AnOnex6ion (?), n. [L. annexio a tying to, connection: cf.
F. annexion.] Annexation. [R.]
AnOnex6ionOist, n. An annexationist. [R.]
AnOnex6ment (?), n. The act of annexing, or the thing
annexed; appendage. [R.]
AnOni6hiOlaOble (?), a. Capable of being annihilated.
AnOni6hiOlate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annihilated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Annihilating.] [ L. annihilare; ad + nihilum, nihil,
nothing, ne hilum (filum) not a thread, nothing at all. Cf.
File, a row.] 1. To reduce to nothing or nonexistence; to
destroy the existence of; to cause to cease to be.
It impossible for any body to be utterly annihilated.
2. To destroy the form or peculiar distinctive properties
of, so that the specific thing no longer exists; as, to
annihilate a forest by cutting down the trees. =To
annihilate the army.8
3. To destroy or eradicate, as a property or attribute of a
thing; to make of no effect; to destroy the force, etc., of;
as, to annihilate an argument, law, rights, goodness.
AnOni6hiOlate (?), a. Anhilated. [Archaic]
AnOni7hiOla6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. annihilation.] 1. The act
of reducing to nothing, or nonexistence; or the act of
destroying the form or combination of parts under which a
thing exists, so that the name can no longer be applied to
it; as, the annihilation of a corporation.
2. The state of being annihilated.
AnOni7hiOla6tionOist, n. (Theol.) One who believes that
eternal punishment consists in annihilation or extinction of
being; a destructionist.
AnOni6hiOlaOtive (?), a. Serving to annihilate; destructive.
AnOni6hiOla7tor (?), n. One who, or that which, annihilates;
as, a fire annihilator.
AnOni6hiOlaOtoOry (?), a. Annihilative.
An7niOver6saOriOly (?), adv. Annually. [R.]
Bp. Hall.
An7niOver6saOry (?), a. [L. anniversarius; annus year +
vertere, versum, to turn: cf. F. anniversaire.] Returning
with the year, at a stated time ? annual; yearly; as, an
anniversary feast.
w day (R. C. Ch.). See Anniversary, n., 2. P w week, that
week in the year in which the annual meetings of religious
and benevolent societies are held in Boston and New York.
[Eastern U. S.]
An7niOver6saOry, n. pl. Anniversaries (?). [Cf. F.
anniversaire.] 1. The annual return of the day on which any
notable event took place, or is wont to be celebrated; as,
the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.
2. (R. C. Ch.) The day on which Mass is said yearly for the
soul of a deceased person; the commemoration of some sacred
event, as the dedication of a church or the consecration of
a pope.
3. The celebration which takes place on an anniversary day.
An6niOverse (?), n. [L. anni versus the turning of a year.]
Anniversary. [Obs.]

An6noOda7ted (?), a. [L. ad to + nodus a knot.] (Her.)
Curved somewhat in the form of the letter S.
X An6no Dom6iOni (?). [L., in the year of [our] Lord [Jesus
Christ]; usually abbrev. a. d.] In the year of the Christian
era; as, a. d. 1887.
AnOnom6iOnate (?), v. t. To name. [R.]
AnOnom7iOna6tion (?), n. [L. annominatio. See Agnomination.]
1. Paronomasia; punning.
2. Alliteration. [Obs.]
An6noOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annotated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Annotating.] [L. annotatus; p. p. of annotare to ~; ad +
notare to mark, nota mark. See Note, n.] To explain or
criticize by notes; as, to annotate the works of Bacon.
An6noOtate, v. i. To make notes or comments; P with on or
An7noOta6tion (?), n. [L. annotatio: cf. F. annotation.] A
note, added by way of comment, or explanation; P usually in
the plural; as, annotations on ancient authors, or on a word
or a passage.
An7noOta6tionOist, n. An annotator. [R.]
An6noOtaOtive (?), a. Characterized by annotations; of the
nature of annotation.
An6noOta7tor (?), n. [L.] A writer of annotations; a
AnOno6taOtoOry (?), a. Pertaining to an annotator;
containing annotations. [R.]
An6noOtine (?), n. [L. annotinus a year old.] (Zol.) A bird
one year old, or that has once molted.
AnOnot6iOnous (?), a. [L. annotinus, fr. annus year.] (Bot.)
A year old; in Yearly growths.
AnOnot6to (?), ArOnot6to (?), n. [Perh. the native name.] A
red or yellowishPred dyeing material, prepared from the pulp
surrounding the seeds of a tree (Bixa orellana) belonging to
the tropical regions of America. It is used for coloring
cheese, butter, etc. [Written also Anatto, Anatta, Annatto,
Annotta, etc.]
AnOnounce6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Announced (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Announcing (?).] [OF. anoncier, F. annoncer, fr. L.
annuntiare; ad + nuntiare to report, relate, nuntius
messenger, bearer of news. See Nuncio, and cf. Annunciate.]
1. To give public notice, or first notice of; to make known;
to publish; to proclaim.
Her [Q. Elizabeth's] arrival was announced trough the
country a peal of cannon from the ramparts.
2. To pronounce; to declare by judicial sentence.
Publish laws, announce
Or life or death.
Syn. - To proclaim; publish; make known; herald; declare;
promulgate. P To Publish, Announce, Proclaim, Promulgate. We
publish what we give openly to the world, either by oral
communication or by means of the press; as, to publish
abroad the faults of our neighbors. We announce what we
declare by anticipation, or make known for the first time;
as, to announce the speedy publication of a book; to
announce the approach or arrival of a distinguished
personage. We proclaim anything to which we give the widest
publicity; as, to proclaim the news of victory. We
promulgate when we proclaim more widely what has before been
known by some; as, to promulgate the gospel.
AnOnounce6ment (?), n. The act of announcing, or giving
notice; that which announces; proclamation; publication.
AnOnoun6cer (?), n. One who announces.
AnOnoy6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annoyed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annoying.] [OE. anoien, anuien, OF. anoier, anuier, F.
ennuyer, fr. OF. anoi, anui, enui, annoyance, vexation, F.
ennui. See Annoy,

<-- p. 60 -->

n.] To disturb or irritate, especially by continued or
repeated acts; to tease; to ruffle in mind; to vex; as, I
was annoyed by his remarks.
Say, what can more our tortured souls annoy
Than to behold, admire, and lose our joy?
2. To molest, incommode, or harm; as, to annoy an army by
impeding its march, or by a cannonade.
Syn. - To molest; vex; trouble; pester; embarrass; perplex;
AnOnoy6 (?), n. [OE. anoi, anui, OF. anoi, anui, enui, fr.
L. in odio hatred (esse alicui in odio, Cic.). See Ennui,
Odium, Noisome, Noy.] A feeling of discomfort or vexation
caused by what one dislike; also, whatever causes such a
feeling; as, to work annoy.
Worse than Tantalus' is her annoy.
AnOnoy6ance (?), n. [OF. anoiance, anuiance.] 1. The act of
annoying, or the state of being annoyed; molestation;
vexation; annoy.
A deep clay, giving much annoyance to passengers.
For the further annoyance and terror of any besieged place,
? would throw into it dead bodies.
2. That which annoys.
A grain, a dust, a gnat, a wandering hair,
Any annoyance in that precious sense.
AnOnoy6er (?), n. One who, or that which, annoys.
AnOnoy6ful (?), a. Annoying. [Obs.]
AnOnoy6ing, a. That annoys; molesting; vexatious. P
AnOnoy6ingOly, adv.
AnOnoy6ous (?), a. [OF. enuius, anoios.] Troublesome;
annoying. [Obs.]
An6nuOal (?; 135), a. [OE. annuel, F. annuel, fr. L.
annualis, fr. annus year. Cf. Annals.] 1. Of or pertaining
to a year; returning every year; coming or happening once in
the year; yearly.
The annual overflowing of the river [Nile].
2. Performed or accomplished in a year; reckoned by the
year; as, the annual motion of the earth.
A thousand pound a year, annual support.
2. Lasting or continuing only one year or one growing
season; requiring to be renewed every year; as, an annual
plant; annual tickets.
An6nuOal, n. 1. A thing happening or returning yearly; esp.
a literary work published once a year.
2. Anything, especially a plant, that lasts but one year or
season; an ~ plant.
Oaths... in some sense almost annuals;... and I myself can
remember about forty different sets.
3. (R. C. Ch.) A Mass for a deceased person or for some
special object, said daily for a year or on the anniversary
An6nuOalOist, n. One who writers for, or who edits, an
annual. [R.]
An6nuOalOly, adv. Yearly; year by year.
An6nuOaOry (?), a. [Cf. F. annuaire.] Annual. [Obs.] P n. A
An6nuOelOer (?), n. A priest employed in saying annuals, or
anniversary Masses. [Obs.]
An6nuOent (?), a. [L. annuens, p. pr. of annuere; ad + nuere
to nod.] Nodding; as, annuent muscles (used in nodding).
AnOnu6iOtant (?), n. [See Annuity.] One who receives, or its
entitled to receive, an annuity.
AnOnu6iOty (?), n.; pl. Annuities (?). [LL. annuitas, fr. L.
annus year: cf. F. annuit.] A sum of money, payable yearly,
to continue for a given number of years, for life, or
forever; an annual allowance.
AnOnul6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annulled (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Annulling.] [F. annuler, LL. annullare, annulare, fr. L.
ad to + nullus none, nullum, neut., nothing. See Null, a.]
1. To reduce to nothing; to obliterate.
Light, the prime work of God, to me's extinct.
And all her various objects of delight
2. To make void or of no effect; to nullify; to abolish; to
do away with; P used appropriately of laws, decrees, edicts,
decisions of courts, or other established rules, permanent
usages, and the like, which are made void by component
Do they mean to annul laws of inestimable value to our
Syn. - To abolish; abrogate; repeal; cancel; reverse;
rescind; revoke; nullify; destroy. See Abolish.
An6nuOlar (?), a. [L. annularis, fr. annulis ring: cf. F.
annulaire.] 1. Pertaining to, or having the form of, a ring;
forming a ring; ringed; ringPshaped; as, annular fibers.
2. Banded or marked with circles.
w eclipse (Astron.), an eclipse of the sun in which the moon
at the middle of the eclipse conceals the central part of
the sun's disk, leaving a complete ring of light around the
An7nuOlar6iOty (?), n. Annular condition or form; as, the
annularity of a nebula.
J. Rogers.
An6nuOlarOry, adv. In an annular manner.
An6nuOlaOry (?), a. [L. annularis. See Annular.] Having the
form of a ring; annular.
X An7nuOla6ta (?), n. pl. [Neut. pl., fr. L. annulatus
ringed.] (Zol.) A class of articulate animals, nearly
equivalent to Annelida, including the marine annelids,
earthworms, Gephyrea, Gymnotoma, leeches, etc. See Annelida.
An6nuOlate (?), n. (Zol.) One of the Annulata.
{ An6nuOlate , An6nuOla7ted (?) } a. [L. annulatus.] 1.
Furnished with, or composed of, rings; ringed; surrounded by
rings of color.
2. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Annulata.
An7nuOla6tion (?), n. A circular or ringlike formation; a
ring or belt.
An6nuOlet (?), n. [Dim. of annulus.] 1. A little ring.
2. (Arch.) A small, flat fillet, encircling a column, etc.,
used by itself, or with other moldings. It is used, several
times repeated, under the Doric capital.
3. (Her.) A little circle borne as a charge.
4. (Zol.) A narrow circle of some distinct color on a
surface or round an organ.
AnOnul6laOble (?), a. That may be Annulled.
AnOnul6ler (?), n. One who annulus. [R.]
AnOnul6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. annulement.] The act of
annulling; abolition; invalidation.
An6nuOloid (?), a.(Zol.) Of or pertaining to the
X An7nuOloid6a (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. L. annulus ring +
Ooid.] (Zol.) A division of the Articulata, including the
annelids and allie? groups; sometimes made to include also
the helmint?s and echinoderms. [Written also Annuloidea.]
X An6nuOlo6sa (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zol.) A division of the
Invertebrata, nearly equivalent to the Articulata. It
includes the Arthoropoda and Anarthropoda. By some
zologists it is applied to the former only.
An7nuOlo6san (?), n. (Zol.) One of the Annulosa.
An6nuOlose7 (?; 277), a. [L. annulus ring.] 1. Furnished
with, or composed of, rings or ringlike segments; ringed.
2. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Annulosa.
X An6nuOlus (?), n.; pl. Annuli (?). [L.] 1. A ring; a
ringlike part or space.
2. (Geom.) (a) A space contained between the circumferences
of two circles, one within the other. (b) The solid formed
by a circle revolving around a line which is the plane of
the circle but does not cut it.
3.(Zol.) RingPshaped structures or markings, found in, or
upon, various animals.
AnOnu6merOate (?), v. t. [L. annumeratus, p. p. of
annumerare. See Numerate.] To add on; to count in. [Obs.]
AnOnu7merOa6tion (?), n. [L. annumeratio.] Addition to a
former number. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AnOnun6ciOaOble (?), a. That may be announced or declared;
declarable. [R.]
AnOnun6ciOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Annunciated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Annunciating.] [L. annuntiare. See Announce.] To
AnOnun6ciOate (?), p. p. & a. Foretold; preannounced. [Obs.]
AnOnun7ciOa6tion (?; 277), n. [L. annuntiatio: cf. F.
annonciation.] 1. The act of announcing; announcement;
proclamation; as, the annunciation of peace.
2. (Eccl.) (a) The announcement of the incarnation, made by
the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary. (b) The festival
celebrated (March 25th) by the Church of England, of Rome,
etc., in memory of the angel's announcement, on that day;
Lady Day.
AnOnun6ciOaOtive (?), a. Pertaining to annunciation;
announcing. [R.]
Dr. H. More.
An nun6ciOa7tor (?), n. [L. annuntiator.] 1. One who
announces. Specifically: An officer in the church of
Constantinople, whose business it was to inform the people
of the festivals to be celebrated.
2. An indicator (as in a hotel) which designates the room
where attendance is wanted.
AnOnun6ciOaOtoOry (?), a. Pertaining to, or containing,
announcement; making known. [R.]
X AOnoa6 (?), n. [Native name.] (Zol.) A small wild ox of
Celebes (Anoa depressicornis), allied to the buffalo, but
having long nearly straight horns.
An6ode (?), n. [Gr. ? up + ? way.] (Elec.) The positive pole
of an electric battery, or more strictly the electrode by
which the current enters the electrolyte on its way to the
other pole; P opposed to cathode.
X An6oOdon (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? toothless; ? priv. + ?,
?, a tooth.] (Zol.) A genus of freshPwater bivalves, having
to teeth at the hinge. [Written also Anodonta.]
An6oOdyne (?), a. [L. anodynus, Gr. ? free from pain,
stilling pain; ? priv. + ? pain: cf. F. anodin.] Serving to
assuage pain; soothing.
The anodyne draught of oblivion.
5 =The word [in a medical sense] in chiefly applied to the
different preparations of opium, belladonna, hyoscyamus, and
Am. Cyc.
An6oOdyne, n. [L. anodyon. See Anodyne, a.] Any medicine
which allays pain, as an opiate or narcotic; anything that
soothes disturbed feelings.
An6oOdy7nous (?), a. Anodyne.
AOnoil6 (?), v. t. [OF. enoilier.] The anoint with oil.
AOnoint6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anointed; p. pr. & vb. n.
Anointing.] [OF. enoint, p. p. of enoindre, fr. L. inungere;
in + ungere, unguere, to smear, anoint. See Ointment,
Unguent.] 1. To smear or rub over with oil or an unctuous
substance; also, to spread over, as oil.
And fragrant oils the stiffened limbs anoint.

He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay.
John ix. 6.
2. To apply oil to or to pour oil upon, etc., as a sacred
rite, especially for consecration.
Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his
[Aaron's] head and anoint him.
Exod. xxix. 7.
Anoint Hazael to be king over Syria.
1 Kings xix. 15.
The Lord6s Anointed, Christ or the Messiah; also, a Jewish
or other king by =divine right.8
1 Sam. xxvi. 9.
AOnoint6, p. p. Anointed. [Obs.]
AOnoit6er (?), n. One who anoints.
AOnoint6ment (?), n. The act of anointing, or state of being
anointed; also, an ointment.
X AOno6lis (?), n. [In the Antilles, anoli, anoalli, a
lizard.] (Zol.) A genus of lizards which belong to the
family Iguanid. They take the place in the New World of the
chameleons in the Old, and in America are often called
AOnom6al (?), n. Anything anomalous. [R.]
{ AOnom6aOliOped (?)(?), AOnom6aOliOpede (?), } a. [L.
anomalus irregular + pes, pedis, foot.] Having anomalous
AOnom6aOliOped, n. (Zol.) One of a group of perching birds,
having the middle toe more or less united to the outer and
inner ones.
AOnom6aOlism (?), n. An anomaly; a deviation from rule.
{ AOnom7aOlis6tic (?), AOnom7aOlis6ticOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
anomalistique.] 1. Irregular; departing from common or
established rules.
2. (Astron.) Pertaining to the anomaly, or angular distance
of a planet from its perihelion.
Anomalistic month. See under Month. P Anomalistic
revolution, the period in which a planet or satellite goes
through the complete cycles of its changes of anomaly, or
from any point in its elliptic orbit to the same again. P
Anomalistic, or Periodical year. See under Year.
AOnom7aOlis6ticOalOly, adv. With irregularity.
AOnom7aOloOflo6rous (?), a. [L. anomalus irregular + flos,
floris, flower.] (Bot.)Having anomalous flowers.
AOnom6aOlous (?), a [L. anomalus, Gr. ? uneven, irregular; ?
priv. + ? even, ? same. See Same, and cf. Abnormal.]
Deviating from a general rule, method, or analogy; abnormal;
irregular; as, an anomalousproceeding.
AOnom6aOlousOly, adv. In an anomalous manner.
AOnom6aOlousOness, n. Quality of being anomalous.
AOnom6aOly (?), n.; pl. Anomalies (?). [L. anomalia, Gr. ?.
See Anomalous.] 1. Deviation from the common rule; an
irregularity; anything anomalous.
We are enabled to unite into a consistent whole the various
anomalies and contending principles that are found in the
minds and affairs of men.
As Professor Owen has remarked, there is no greater anomaly
in nature than a bird that can no fly.
2. (Astron.) (a) The angular distance of a planet from its
perihelion, as seen from the sun. This is the true ~. The
eccentric ~ is a corresponding angle at the center of the
elliptic orbit of the planet. The mean ~ is what the ~ would
be if the planet's angular motion were uniform. (b) The
angle measuring apparent irregularities in the motion of a
3. (Nat. Hist.) Any deviation from the essential
characteristics of a specific type.
X AOno6miOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? irregular; ? priv. + ?
law.] (Zol.) A genus of bivalve shells, allied to the
oyster, so called from their unequal valves, of which the
lower is perforated for attachment.
An7oOmoph6ylOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? irregular + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having leaves irregularly placed.
{ X An7oOmu6ra (?), X An7oOmou6ra (?), } n. pl. [NL., fr.
Gr. ? lawless + ? tail.] (Zol.) A group of decapod
Crustacea, of which the hermit crab in an example.
{ An7oOmu6ral (?), An7oOmu6ran (?), } a. Irregular in the
character of the tail or abdomen; as, the anomural
crustaceans. [Written also anomoural, anomouran.]
An7oOmu6ran, n. (Zol.) One of the Anomura.
An6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?. See Anomia.] Disregard or violation
of law. [R.]
AOnon6 (?), adv. [OE. anoon, anon, anan, lit., in one
(moment), fr. AS. on in + >n one. See On and One.] 1.
Straightway; at once. [Obs.]
The same is he that heareth the word, and ~anon with joy
receiveth it.
Matt. xiii. 20.
2. Soon; in a little while.
As it shall better appear anon.
3. At another time; then; again.
Sometimes he trots,... anon he rears upright.
w right, at once; right off. [Obs.] Chaucer. P Ev?? and ~,
now and then; frequently; often.
A pouncet box, which ever and anon
He gave his nose.
X AOno6na , n. [NL. Cf. Ananas.] (Bot.) A genus of tropical
or subtropical plants of the natural order Anonace,
including the soursop.
An7oOna6ceous , a. Pertaining to the order of plants
including the soursop, custard apple, etc.
An6oOnym (?), n. [F. anonyme. See Anonymous.] 1. One who is
anonymous; also sometimes used for =pseudonym.8
2. A notion which has no name, or which can not be expressed
by a single English word. [R.]
J. R. Seeley.
An7oOnym6iOty , n. The quality or state of being anonymous;
anonymousness; also, that which anonymous. [R.]
He rigorously insisted upon the rights of anonymity.
AOnon6yOmous , a. [Gr. ? without name; ? priv. + ?, Eol. for
? name. See Name.] Nameless; of unknown name; also, of

<-- p. 61 -->

<-- p. 61 -->
or unavowed authorship; as, an anonymous benefactor; on
anonymous pamphlet or letter.
AOnon6yOmousOly (?), adv. In an anonymous manner; without a
AOnon6yOmousOness, n. The state or quality of being
An6oOphyte (?), n. [Gr. ? upward (fr. ? up) + ? a plant, ?
to grow.] (Bot.) A moss or mosslike plant which cellular
stems, having usually an upward growth and distinct leaves.
X An6oOpla (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? unarmed.] (Zol.) One
of the two orders of Nemerteans. See Nemertina.
AnOop6loOthere (?), X An7oOploOthe6riOum (?), n. [From Gr. ?
unarmed (? priv. + ? an implement, weapon) + ? beast.]
(Paleon.) A genus of extinct quadrupeds of the order
Ungulata, whose were first found in the gypsum quarries near
Paris; characterized by the shortness and feebleness of
their canine teeth (whence the name).
X An7oOplu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? weapon,
sting + ? tail.] (Zol.) A group of insects which includes
the lice.
X AOnop6siOa (?), An6op7sy (?), } a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?
sight.] (Med.) Want or defect of sight; blindness.
X An7oOrex6iOa (?), An6oOrex7y (?) } n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?
desire, appetite, ? desire.] (Med.) Want of appetite,
without a loathing of food.
AOnor6mal (?), a. [F. anormal. See Abnormal, Normal.] Not
according to rule; abnormal. [Obs.]
AOnorn (?), v. t. [OF. arner, aurner, fr. L. adornare to
adorn. The form aPourne was corrupted into anourne.] To
adorn. [Obs.]
Bp. Watson.
AOnor6thic (?), a. [See Anorthite.] (Min.) Having unequal
oblique axes; as, anorthic crystals.
AOnor6thite (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? straight (? sc. ? right
angle); not in a right angle.] A mineral of the feldspar
family, commonly occurring in small glassy crystals, also a
constituent of some igneous rocks. It is a lime feldspar.
See Feldspar.
AOnor6thoOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? straight + Oscope.]
(Physics) An optical toy for producing amusing figures or
pictures by means of two revolving disks, on one of which
distorted figures are painted.
X AOnos6miOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? smell.]
(Med.) Loss of the sense of smell.
AnOoth6er (?), pron. & a. [An a, one + other.] 1. One more,
in addition to a former number; a second or additional one,
similar in likeness or in effect.
Another yet! P a seventh! I 'll see no more.
Would serve to scale another Hero's tower.
2. Not the same; different.
He winks, and turns his lips another way.
3. Any or some; any different person, indefinitely; any one
else; some one else.
Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth.
Prov. xxvii. 2.
While I am coming, another steppeth down before me.
John v. 7.
5 As a pronoun another may have a possessive another's, pl.
others, poss. pl. other'. It is much used in opposition to
one; as, one went one way, another another. It is also used
with one, in a reciprocal sense; as, =love one another,8
that is, let each love the other or others. =These two
imparadised in one another's arms.8
AnOoth6erPgaines7 (?), a. [Corrupted fr. anotherPgates.] Of
another kind. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
AnOoth6erPgates7 (?), a. [Another + gate, or gait, way. Cf.
Algates.] Of another sort. [Obs.] =AnotherPgates adventure.8
AnOoth6erPguess (?), a. [Corrupted fr. anotherPgates.] Of
another sort. [Archaic]
It used to go in anotherPguess manner.
AOnot6ta (?), n. See Annotto.
AnOou6ra (?; 277), n. See Anura.
AnOou6rous (?), a. See Anurous.
X An6sa (?), n.; pl. Ans (?). [L., a handle.] (Astron.) A
name given to either of the projecting ends of Saturn's
An6saOted (?), a. [L. ansatus, fr. ansa a handle.] Having a
An6serOa7ted (?), a. (Her.) Having the extremities terminate
in the heads of eagles, lions, etc.; as, an anserated cross.
X An6seOres (?), n. pl. [L., geese.] (Zol.) A Linnan order
of aquatic birds swimming by means of webbed feet, as the
duck, or of lobed feet, as the grebe. In this order were
included the geese, ducks, auks, divers, gulls, petrels,
X An7seOriOfor6mes (?), n. pl. (Zol.) A division of birds
including the geese, ducks, and closely allied forms.
An6serOine (?), a [L. anserinus, fr. anser a goose.] 1.
Pertaining to, or resembling, a goose, or the skin of a
2. (Zol.) Pertaining to the Anseres.
An6serOous (?), a. [L. anser a goose.] Resembling a goose;
silly; simple.
Sydney Smith.
An6swer (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Answered (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Answering.] [OE. andswerien, AS. andswerian, andswarian,
to ~, fr. andswaru, n., ~. See Answer, n.] 1. To speak in
defense against; to reply to in defense; as, to answer a
charge; to answer an accusation.
2. To speak or write in return to, as in return to a call or
question, or to a speech, declaration, argument, or the
like; to reply to (a question, remark, etc.); to respond to.
She answers him as if she knew his mind.
So spake the apostate angel, though in pain: ...
And him thus answered soon his bold compeer.

3. To respond to satisfactorily; to meet successfully by way
of explanation, argument, or justification, and the like; to
No man was able to answer him a word.
Matt. xxii. 46.
These shifts refuted, answer thine appellant.
The reasoning was not and could not be answered.
4. To be or act in return or response to. Hence: (a) To be
or act in compliance with, in fulfillment or satisfaction
of, as an order, obligation, demand; as, he answered my
claim upon him; the servant answered the bell.
This proud king... studies day and night
To answer all the debts he owes unto you.
(b) To render account to or for.
I will... send him to answer thee.
(c) To atone; to be punished for.
And grievously hath Czar answered it.
(d) To be opposite to; to face.
The windows answering each other, we could just discern the
glowing horizon them.
(e) To be or act an equivalent to, or as adequate or
sufficient for; to serve for; to repay. [R.]
Money answereth all things.
Eccles. x. 19.
(f) To be or act in accommodation, conformity, relation, or
proportion to; to correspond to; to suit.
Weapons must needs be dangerous things, if they answered the
bulk of so prodigious a person.
An6swer, v. i. 1. To speak or write by way of return
(originally, to a charge), or in reply; to make response.
There was no voice, nor any that answered.
1 Kings xviii. 26.
2. To make a satisfactory response or return. Hence: To
render account, or to be responsible; to be accountable; to
make amends; as, the man must answer to his employer for the
money intrusted to his care.
Let his neck answer for it, if there is any martial law.
3. To be or act in return. Hence: (a) To be or act by way of
compliance, fulfillment, reciprocation, or satisfaction; to
serve the purpose; as, gypsum answers as a manure on some
Do the strings answer to thy noble hand?
(b) To be opposite, or to act in opposition. (c) To be or
act as an equivalent, or as adequate or sufficient; as, a
very few will answer. (d) To be or act in conformity, or by
way of accommodation, correspondence, relation, or
proportion; to conform; to correspond; to suit; P usually
with to.
That the time may have all shadow and silence in it, and the
place answer to convenience.
If this but answer to my just belief,
I 'll remember you.
As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to
Pro?. xxvii. 19.
An6swer, n. [OE. andsware, AS. andswaru; and against +
swerian to swear. ?, ?. See AntiO, and Swear, and cf. 1st
unO.] 1. A reply to a change; a defense.
At my first answer no man stood with me.
2 Tim. iv. 16.
2. Something said or written in reply to a question, a call,
an argument, an address, or the like; a reply.
A soft answer turneth away wrath.
Prov. xv. 1.
I called him, but he gave me no answer.
Cant. v. 6.
3. Something done in return for, or in consequence of,
something else; a responsive action.
Great the slaughter is
Here made by the Roman; great the answer be
Britons must take.
4. A solution, the result of a mathematical operation; as,
the answer to a problem.
5. (Law) A counterPstatement of facts in a course of
pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has
alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a
question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the
complainant's charges in his bill.
Syn. - Reply; rejoinder; response. See Reply.
An6swerOaOble (?), a. 1. Obliged to answer; liable to be
called to account; liable to pay, indemnify, or make good;
accountable; amenable; responsible; as, an agent is
answerable to his principal; to be answerable for a debt, or
for damages.
Will any man argue that... he can not be justly punished,
but is answerable only to God?
2. Capable of being answered or refuted; admitting a
satisfactory answer.
The argument, though subtle, is yet answerable.
3. Correspondent; conformable; hence, comparable.
What wit and policy of man is answerable to their discreet
and orderly course?
This revelation... was answerable to that of the apostle to
the Thessalonians.
4. Proportionate; commensurate; suitable; as, an achievement
answerable to the preparation for it.
5. Equal; equivalent; adequate. [Archaic]
Had the valor of his soldiers been answerable, he had
reached that year, as was thought, the utmost bounds of
An6swerOaObleOness, n. The quality of being answerable,
liable, responsible, or correspondent.
An6swerOaObly (?), adv. In an answerable manner; in due
proportion or correspondence; suitably.
An6swerOer (?), n. One who answers.
An6swerOless (?), a. Having no answer, or impossible to be
An 't (?). An it, that is, and it or if it. See An, conj.
An't (?). A contraction for are and am not; also used for is
not; P now usually written ain't. [Colloq. & illiterate
AntO. See AntiO, prefix.
Oant. [F. Oant, fr. L. Oantem or Oentem, the pr. p. ending;
also sometimes directly from L. Oantem.] A suffix sometimes
marking the agent for action; as, merchant, covenant,
servant, pleasant, etc. Cf. Oent.
Ant (?), n. [OE. ante, amete, emete, AS. mete akin to G.
ameise. Cf. Emmet.] (Zol.) A hymenopterous insect of the
Linnan genus Formica, which is now made a family of several
genera; an emmet; a pismire.
5 Among ants, as among bees, there are neuter or working
ants, besides the males and females; the former are without
wings. Ants live together in swarms, usually raising
hillocks of earth, variously chambered within, where they
maintain a perfect system of order, store their provisions,
and nurture their young. There are many species, with
diverse habits, as agricultural ants, carpenter ants, honey
ants, foraging ants, amazon ants, etc. The white ants or
Termites belong to the Neuroptera.
w bird (Zol.), one of a very extensive group of South
American birds (Formicariid), which live on ants. The
family includes many species, some of which are called ant
shrikes, ant thrushes, and ant wrens. P w rice (Bot.), a
species of grass (Aristida oligantha) cultivated by the
agricultural ants of Texas for the sake of its seed.
X An6ta (?), n.; pl. Ant (?). [L.] (Arch.) A species of
pier produced by thickening a wall at its termination,
treated architecturally as a pilaster, with capital and
5 Porches, when columns stand between to, ant, are called
in Latin in antis.
AntOac6id (?), n. [Pref. antiO + acid.] (Med.) A remedy for
acidity of the stomach, as an alkali or absorbent. P a.
Counteractive of acidity.
AntOac6rid (?), a. [Pref. antiO + acrid.] Corrective of
acrimony of the humors.
AnOt6an (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to Antus, a giant
athlete slain by Hercules.
AnOtag6oOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to struggle against; ?
against + ? to contend or struggle, ? contest: cf. F.
antagonisme. See Agony.] Opposition of action; counteraction
or contrariety of things or principles.
5 We speak of antagonism between two things, to or against a
thing, and sometimes with a thing.
AnOtag6oOnist (?), n. [L. antagonista, Gr. ?; ? against + ?
combatant, champion, fr. ?: cf. F. antagoniste. See
Antagonism.] 1. One who contends with another, especially in
combat; an adversary; an opponent.
Antagonist of Heaven's Almigthy King.
Our antagonists in these controversies.
2. (Anat.) A muscle which acts in opposition to another; as
a flexor, which bends a part, is the antagonist of an
extensor, which extends it.
3. (Med.) A medicine which opposes the action of another
medicine or of a poison when absorbed into the blood or
Syn. - Adversary; enemy; opponent; toe; competitor. See
AnOtag6oOnist, a. Antagonistic; opposing; counteracting; as,
antagonist schools of philosophy.
AnOtag7oOnis6tic (?), AnOtag7oOnis6ticOal (?), } a. Opposing
in combat, combating; contending or acting against; as,
antagonistic forces. P AnOtag7oOnis6ticOalOly, adv.
They were distinct, adverse, even antagonistic.
AnOtag6oOnize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Antagonized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Antagonozing.] [Gr. ?. See Antagonism.] To
contend with; to oppose actively; to counteract.
AnOtag6oOnize, v. i. To act in opposition.
AnOtag6oOny (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? contest: cf. F. (16th
century) antagonie. See Antagonism.] Contest; opposition;
antagonism. [Obs.]
Antagony that is between Christ and Belial.
AnOtal6gic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? pain: cf. F.
antalgique.] (Med.) Alleviating pain. P n. A medicine to
alleviate pain; an anodyne. [R.]
AnOal6kaOli (?; 277), AntOal6kaOline (?), n. [Pref. antiO +
alkali.] Anything that neutralizes, or that counteracts an
alkaline tendency in the system.
AntOal6kaOline, a. Of power to counteract alkalies.

<-- p. 62 -->

AntOam7buOla6cral (?), a. (Zol.) Away from the ambulacral
X Ant7anOaOcla6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? + ? a bending back and
breaking. See Anaclastic.] (Rhet.) (a) A figure which
consists in repeating the same word in a different sense;
as, Learn some craft when young, that when old you may live
without craft. (b) A repetition of words beginning a
sentence, after a long parenthesis; as, Shall that heart
(which not only feels them, but which has all motions of
life placed in them), shall that heart, etc.
X Ant7anOaOgo6ge (?), n. [Pref. antiO + anagoge.] (Rhet.) A
figure which consists in answering the charge of an
adversary, by a counter charge.
Ant7aphOroOdis6iOac (?), a. [Pref. antiO + aphrodisiac.]
(Med.) Capable of blunting the venereal appetite. P n.
Anything that quells the venereal appetite.
Ant7aphOroOdit6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? Aphrodite:
cf. F. antaphroditique.] (Med.)
1. Antaphrodisiac.
2. Antisyphilitic. [R.]
Ant7aphOroOdit6ic, n. An ~ medicine.
Ant7apOoOplec6tic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + apoplectic.] (Med.)
Good against apoplexy. P n. A medicine used against
AntOar6chism (?), n. [Pref. antiO + Gr. ? government.]
Opposition to government in general. [R.]
AntOar6chist (?), n. One who opposes all government. [R.]
Ant7arOchis6tic (?), Ant7arOchis6ticOal (?), } a. Opposed to
all human government. [R.]
AntOarc6tic (?), a. [OE. antartik, OF. antartique, F.
antarctique, L. antarcticus, fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? bear. See
Arctic.] Opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating
to the southern pole or to the region near it, and applied
especially to a circle, distant from the pole 230 28?. Thus
we say the antarctic pole, circle, ocean, region, current,
X AnOta6res (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? similar to + ? Mars. It was
thought to resemble Mars in color.] The principal star in
Scorpio: P called also the Scorpion's Heart.
Ant7arOthrit6ic (?), a. [Pref. antiO + arthritic.] (Med.)
Counteracting or alleviating gout. P n. A remedy against
Ant7asthOmat6ic (?; see Asthma; 277), a. [Pref. antiO +
asthmatic.] (Med.) Opposing, or fitted to relieve, asthma. P
n. A remedy for asthma.
Ant6Pbear7 (?), n. (Zol.) An edentate animal of tropical
America (the Tamanoir), living on ants. It belongs to the
genus Myrmecophaga.
Ant6 bird (?), (Zol.) See Ant bird, under Ant, n.
Ant6Pcat7tle (?), n. pl. (Zol.) Various kinds of plant lice
or aphids tended by ants for the sake of the honeydew which
they secrete. See Aphips.
An6teO (?). A Latin preposition and prefix; akin to Gr. ?,
Skr. anti, Goth. andO, andaO (only in comp.), AS. andO,
ondO, (only in comp.: cf. Answer, Along), G. antO, entO (in
comp.). The Latin ante is generally used in the sense of
before, in regard to position, order, or time, and the Gr. ?
in that of opposite, or in the place of.
An6te, n. (Poker Playing) Each player's stake, which is put
into the pool before (ante) the game begins.
An6te, v. t. & i. To put up (an ante).
An6teOact7 (?), n. A preceding act.
An6teOal (?), a. [L. antea, ante, before. Cf. Ancient.]
Being before, or in front. [R.]
J. Fleming.
Ant6Peat7er (?), n. (Zol.) One of several species of
edentates and monotremes that feed upon ants. See AntPbear,
Pangolin, AardOvark, and Echidna.
An7teOceOda6neOous (?), a. [See Antecede.] Antecedent;
preceding in time. =Capable of antecedaneous.8
An7teOcede6 (?), v. t. & i. [L. antecedere; ante + cedere to
go. See Cede.] To go before in time or place; to precede; to
Sir M. Hale.
An7teOced6ence (?), n. 1. The act or state of going before
in time; precedence.
H. Spenser.
2. (Astron.) An apparent motion of a planet toward the west;
An7teOced6enO?y (?), n. The state or condition of being
antecedent; priority.
An7teOced6ent (?), a. [L. antecedens, Oentis, p. pr. of
antecedere: cf. F. antcdent.] 1. Going before in time;
prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the
Deluge; an antecedent cause.
2. Presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability.
Syn. - Prior; previous; foregoing.
An7teOced6ent, n. [Cf. F. antcdent.] 1. That which goes
before in time; that which precedes.
The Homeric mythology, as well as the Homeric language, has
surely its antecedents.

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