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Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

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declaring themselves for the king.
2. (Logic) Capable of two meanings.
An amphibolous sentence is one that is capable of two
meanings, not from the double sense of any of the words, but
from its admitting of a double construction; e. g., =The
duke yet lives that Henry shall depose.8
AmOphib6oOly (?), n.; pl. Amphibolies (?). [L. amphibolia,
Gr. ?: cf. OE. amphibolie. See Amphibolous.] Ambiguous
discourse; amphibology.
If it oracle contrary to our interest or humor, we will
create an amphiboly, a double meaning where there is none.
Am6phiObranch (?), n. [L. ?, Gr. ? short at both ends; ? + ?
short.] (Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the middle
one long, the first and last short (? P ?); as, h?b?r?. In
modern prosody the accented syllable takes the place of the
long and the unaccented of the short; as, proPphet6ic.
{ Am7phiOcar6pic (?), Am7phiOcar6pous (?),} a. [Gr. ? + ?
fruit.] (Bot.) Producing fruit of two kinds, either as to
form or time of ripening.
Am7phiOchro6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? color.] (Chem.) Exhibiting
or producing two colors, as substances which in the color
test may change red litmus to blue and blue litmus to red.
{ Am7phiOc?6liOan (?), Am7phiOc?6lous (?),} a. [Gr. ?
hollowed all round; ? + ? hollow.] (Zol.) Having both ends
concave; biconcave; P said of vertebr.
Am6phiOcome (?), n. [Gr. ? with hair all round; ? + ? hair.]
A kind of figured stone, rugged and beset with eminences,
anciently used in divination. [Obs.]
Encyc. Brit.
AmOphic7tyOon6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to the
Amphictyons or their League or Council; as, an Amphictyonic
town or state; the Amphictyonic body.
W. Smith.
AmOphic6tyOons (?), n. pl. [L. Amphictyones, Gr. ?. Prob.
the word was orig. ? dwellers around, neighbors.] (Grecian
Hist.) Deputies from the confederated states of ancient
Greece to a congress or council. They considered both
political and religious matters.
AmOphic6tyOoOny (?), n.; pl. Amphictyonies (?). [Gr. ?.]
(Grecian Hist.) A league of states of ancient Greece; esp.
the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic
Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of
Am6phid (?), n. [Gr. ? both: cf. F. amphide.] (Chem.) A salt
of the class formed by the combination of an acid and a
base, or by the union of two oxides, two sulphides,
selenides, or tellurides, as distinguished from a haloid
compound. [R.]
Am6phiOdisc (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? a round plate.] (Zol.) A
peculiar small siliceous spicule having a denticulated wheel
at each end; P found in freshwater sponges.
Am7phiOdrom6icOal (?), a. [Gr. ? running about or around.]
Pertaining to an Attic festival at the naming of a child; P
so called because the friends of the parents carried the
child around the hearth and then named it.
AmOphig6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? marriage.] (Bot.) Having a
structure entirely cellular, and no distinct sexual organs;
P a term applied by De Candolle to the lowest order of
Am7phiOge6an (?), a. [Gr. ? + ?, ?, the earth.] Extending
over all the zones, from the tropics to the polar zones
Am6phiOgen (?), n. [Gr. ? + Pgen: cf. F. amphig
ne.] (Chem.)
An element that in combination produces amphid salt; P
applied by Berzelius to oxygen, sulphur, selenium, and
tellurium. [R.]
Am6phiOgene (?), n. (Min.) Leucite.
Am7phiOgen6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? generation.] (Biol.)
Sexual generation; amphigony.
AmOphig6eOnous (?), a. (Bot.) Increasing in size by growth
on all sides, as the lichens.
Am7phiOgon6ic (?), a. Pertaining to amphigony; sexual; as,
amphigonic propagation. [R.]
AmOphig6oOnous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? a begetting.] Relating to
both parents. [R.]
AmOphig6oOny (?), n. Sexual propagation. [R.]
Am7phiOgor6ic (?), a. [See Amphigory.] Nonsensical; absurd;
pertaining to an amphigory.
Am6phiOgoOry (?), n. [F. amphigouri, of uncertain
derivation; perh. fr. Gr. ? + ? a circle.] A nonsense verse;
a rigmarole, with apparent meaning, which on further
attention proves to be meaningless. [Written also
{ AmOphil6oOgism (?), AmOphil6oOgy (?),} n. [Gr. ? + Plogy.]
Ambiguity of speech; equivocation. [R.]
AmOphim6aOcer (?), n. [L. amphimacru?, Gr. ?; ? on both
sides + ? long.] (Anc. Pros.) A foot of three syllables, the
middle one short and the others long, as in c>st?t>s.
X Am7phiOneu6ra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. ? + ? sinew, nerve.]
(Zol.) A division of Mollusca remarkable for the bilateral
symmetry of the organs and the arrangement of the nerves.
X Am7phiOox6us (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? sharp.] (Zol.) A
fishlike creature (Amphioxus lanceolatus), two or three
inches long, found in temperature seas; P also called the
lancelet. Its body is pointed at both ends. It is the lowest
and most generalized of the vertebrates, having neither
brain, skull, vertebr, nor red blood. It forms the type of
the group Acrania, Leptocardia, etc.
AmOphip6neust (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? one who breathes, ? to
breathe.] (Zol.) One of a tribe of Amphibia, which have
both lungs and gills at the same time, as the proteus and
Am6phiOpod (?), n. (Zol.) One of the Amphipoda.
{ Am6phiOpod (?), AmOphip6oOdan (?),} a. (Zol.) Of or
pertaining to the Amphipoda.
X AmOphip6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., FR. Gr. ? + ?, ? foot.]
(Zol.) A numerous group of fourteen P footed Crustacea,
inhabiting both fresh and salt water. The body is usually
compressed laterally, and the anterior pairs or legs are
directed downward and forward, but the posterior legs are
usually turned upward and backward. The beach flea is an
example. See Tetradecapoda and Arthrostraca.
AmOphip6oOdous (?), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the
AmOphip6roOstyle (?), a. [L. amphiprostylos, Gr. ? having a
double prostyle: cf. F. amphiprostyle. See Prostyle.]
(Arch.) Doubly prostyle; having columns at each end, but not
at the sides. P n. An amphiprostyle temple or edifice.
X Am7phiOrhi6na (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ?, ?, nose.]
(Zol.) A name applied to the elasmobranch fishes, because
the nasal sac is double.
X Am7phisOb6na (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? on both ends + ?
to go.] 1. A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving
either way.
2. (Zol.) A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form,
without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they
appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either
way. See Illustration in Appendix.
5 The Gordius aquaticus, or hairworm, has been called an
amphisbna; but it belongs among the worms.
X Am7phisOb6noid (?), a. [NL., fr. L. amphisbaena + Poid.]
(Zol.) Like or pertaining to the lizards of the genus
{ X AmOphis6ciOi (?), AmOphis6cians (?),} n. pl. [Gr. ?
throwing a shadow both ways; ? + ? shadow.] The inhabitants
of the tropic, whose shadows in one part of the year are
cast to the north, and in the order to the south, according
as the sun is south or north of their zenith.
AmOphis6toOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? mouth.] (Zol.) Having a
sucker at each extremity, as certain entozoa, by means of
which they adhere.
Am7phiOsty6lic (?), a. [Gr. ? + ? pillar, support.] (Anat.)
Having the mandibular arch articulated with the hyoid arch
and the cranium, as in the cestraciont sharks; P said of a
{ Am7phiOthe6aOter, Am7phiOthe6aOtre,} (?), n. [L.
amphitheatrum, fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? theater: cf. F.
amphithtre. See Theater.] 1. An oval or circular building
with rising tiers of seats about an open space called the
5 The Romans first constructed amphitheaters for combats of
gladiators and wild beasts.
2. Anything resembling an amphitheater in form; as, a level
surrounded by rising slopes or hills, or a rising gallery in
a theater.
Am7phiOthe6aOtral (?), a. [L. amphitheatralis: cf. F.
amphithtral.] Amphitheatrical; resembling an amphitheater.
{ Am7phiOtheOat6ric (?), Am7phiOtheOat6ricOal (?),} a. [L.
amphitheatricus.] Of, pertaining to, exhibited in, or
resembling, an amphitheater.
Am7phiOtheOat6ricOalOly, adv. In the form or manner of an
X AmOphit6roOcha (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? + ? a wheel.]
(Zol.) A kind of annelid larva having both a dorsal and a
ventral circle of special cilia.
{ AmOphit6roOpal (?), AmOphit6roOpous (?),} a. [Gr. ? + ? to
turn.] (Bot.) Having the

<-- p. 51 -->

ovule inverted, but with the attachment near the middle of
one side; half anatropous.
X Am7phiOu6ma (?), n. (Zol.) A genus of amphibians,
inhabiting the Southern United States, having a serpentlike
form, but with four minute limbs and two persistent gill
openings; the Congo snake.
Am7phoOpep6tone (?), n. [Gr. ? + E. peptone.] (Physiol.) A
product of gastric digestion, a mixture of hemipeptone and
X Am6phoOra (?), n.; pl. Amophor (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?, ?, a
jar with two handles; ? + ? bearer, ? to bear. Cf. Ampul.]
Among the ancients, a twoPhandled vessel, tapering at the
bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.
Am6phoOral (?), a. [L. amphoralis.] Pertaining to, or
resembling, an amphora.
AmOphor6ic (?), a. (Med.) Produced by, or indicating, a
cavity in the lungs, not filled, and giving a sound like
that produced by blowing into an empty decanter; as,
amphoric respiration or resonance.
Am7phoOter6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? both.] Partly one and partly
the other; neither acid nor alkaline; neutral. [R.]
Am6ple (?), a. [F. ample, L. amplus, prob. for ambiplus full
on both sides, the last syllable akin to L. plenus full. See
Full, and cf. Double.] Large; great in size, extent,
capacity, or bulk; spacious; roomy; widely extended.
All the people in that ample house
Did to that image bow their humble knees.
2. Fully sufficient; abundant; liberal; copious; as, an
ample fortune; ample justice.
3. Not contracted of brief; not concise; extended;
diffusive; as, an ample narrative.
Syn. - Full; spacious; extensive; wide; capacious; abundant;
plentiful; plenteous; copious; bountiful; rich; liberal;
munificent. P Ample, Copious, Abundant, Plenteous. These
words agree in representing a thing as large, but under
different relations, according to the image which is used.
Ample implies largeness, producing a sufficiency or fullness
of supply for every want; as, ample stores or resources,
ample provision. Copious carries with it the idea of flow,
or of collection at a single point; as, a copious supply of
materials. =Copious matter of my song.8 Milton. Abundant and
plenteous refer to largeness of quantity; as, abundant
stores; plenteous harvests.
AmOplec6tant (?), a. [L. amplecti to embrace.] (Bot.)
Clasping a support; as, amplectant tendrils.
Am6pleOness (?), n. The state or quality of being ample;
largeness; fullness; completeness.
Am7plexOa6tion (?), n. [L. amplexari to embrace.] An
embrace. [Obs.]
An humble amplexation of those sacred feet.
Bp. Hall.
AmOplex6iOcaul (?), a. [L. amplexus, p. p. of amplecti to
encircle, to embrace + caulis stem: cf. F. amplexicaule.]
(Bot.) Clasping or embracing a stem, as the base of some
Am6pliOate (?), v. t. [L. ampliatus, p. p. of ampliare to
make wider, fr. amplus. See Ample.] To enlarge. [R.]
To maintain and ampliate the external possessions of your
Am6pliOate (?), a. (Zol.) Having the outer edge prominent;
said of the wings of insects.
Am7pliOa6tion (?), n. [L. ampliatio: cf. F. ampliation.] 1.
Enlargement; amplification. [R.]
2. (Civil Law) A postponement of the decision of a cause,
for further consideration or rePargument.
Am6pliOaOtive (?), a. (Logic) Enlarging a conception by
adding to that which is already known or received.
=All bodies possess power of attraction8 is an ampliative
judgment; because we can think of bodies without thinking of
attraction as one of their immediate primary attribute.
Abp. W. Thomson.
AmOplif6iOcate (?), v. t. [L. amplificatus, p. p. of
amplificare.] To amplify. [Obs.]
Am7pliOfiOca6tion (?), n. [L. amplificatio.] 1. The act of
amplifying or enlarging in dimensions; enlargement;
2. (Rhet.) The enlarging of a simple statement by
particularity of description, the use of epithets, etc., for
rhetorical effect; diffuse narrative or description, or a
dilating upon all the particulars of a subject.
Exaggeration is a species of amplification.
Brande & C.
I shall summarily, without any amplification at all, show in
what manner defects have been supplied.
Sir J. Davies.
3. The matter by which a statement is amplified; as, the
subject was presented without amplifications.
AmOplif6iOcaOtive (?), a. Amplificatory.
AmOplif6iOcaOtoOry (?), a. Serving to amplify or enlarge;
Am6pliOfi7er (?), n. One who or that which amplifies.
Am6pliOfy (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amplified (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Amplifying.] [F. amplifier, L. amplificare. See
Ample, Ofy.] 1. To render larger, more extended, or more
intense, and the like; P used especially of telescopes,
microscopes, etc.
2. (Rhet.) To enlarge by addition or discussion; to treat
copiously by adding particulars, illustrations, etc.; to
expand; to make much of.
Troilus and Cressida was written by a Lombard author, but
much amplified by our English translator.
Am6pliOfy (?), v. i. 1. To become larger. [Obs.]
Strait was the way at first, withouten light,
But further in did further amplify.
2. To speak largely or copiously; to be diffuse in argument
or description; to dilate; to expatiate; P often with on or
He must often enlarge and amplify upon the subject he
Am6pliOtude (?), n. [L. amplitudo, fr. amplus: cf. F.
amplitude. See Ample.] 1. State of being ample; extent of
surface or space; largeness of dimensions; size.
The cathedral of Lincoln... is a magnificent structure,
proportionable to the amplitude of the diocese.
2. Largeness, in a figurative sense; breadth; abundance;
fullness. (a) Of extent of capacity or intellectual powers.
=Amplitude of mind.8 Milton. =Amplitude of comprehension.8
Macaulay. (b) Of extent of means or resources. =Amplitude of
reward.8 Bacon.
3. (Astron.) (a) The arc of the horizon between the true
east or west point and the center of the sun, or a star, at
its rising or setting. At the rising, the ~ is eastern or
ortive: at the setting, it is western, occiduous, or
occasive. It is also northern or southern, when north or
south of the equator. (b) The arc of the horizon between the
true east or west point and the foot of the vertical circle
passing through any star or object.
4. (Gun.) The horizontal line which measures the distance to
which a projectile is thrown; the range.
5. (Physics) The extent of a movement measured from the
starting point or position of equilibrium; P applied
especially to vibratory movements.
6. (math.) An angle upon which the value of some function
depends; P a term used more especially in connection with
elliptic functions.
Magnetic ~, the angular distance of a heavenly body, when on
the horizon, from the magnetic east or west point as
indicated by the compass. The difference between the
magnetic and the true or astronomical ~ (see 3 above) is the
=variation of the compass.8
Am6ply (?), adv. In an ample manner.
Am6pul (?), n. [AS. ampella, ampolla, L. ampulla: cf. OF.
ampolle, F. ampoule.] Same as Ampulla, 2.
X AmOpul6la, n.; pl. Ampull (?). [L. ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) A
narrowPnecked vessel having two handles and bellying out
like a jug.
2. (Eccl.) (a) A cruet for the wine and water at Mass. (b)
The vase in which the holy oil for chrism, unction, or
coronation is kept.
3. (Biol.) Any membranous bag shaped like a leathern bottle,
as the dilated end of a vessel or duct; especially the
dilations of the semicircular canals of the ear.
Am7pulOla6ceous (?), a. [L. ampullaceus, fr. ampulla.] Like
a bottle or inflated bladder; bottleOshaped; swelling.
w sac (Zol.), one of the peculiar cavities in the tissues
of sponges, containing the zooidal cells.
{ Am6pulOlar (?), Am7pulOlaOry (?), } a. Resembling an
{ Am6pulOlate (?), Am6pulOla7ted (?) } a. Having an ampulla;
flaskPshaped; bellied.
AmOpul6liOform (?), a. [Ampulla + Oform.] FlaskOshaped;
Am6puOtate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amputated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Amputating.] [L. amputatus, p. p. of amputare: ambO +
putare to prune, putus clean, akin to E. pure. See
Putative.] 1. To prune or lop off, as branches or tendrils.
2. (Surg.) To cut off (a limb or projecting part of the
Am7puOta6tion (?), n. [L. amputatio: cf. F. amputation.] The
act amputating; esp. the operation of cutting of a limb or
projecting part of the body.
Am6puOta6tor (?), n. One who amputates.
X Am6pyx (?), n. [Gr. ?.] (Greek Antiq.) A woman's headband
(sometimes of metal), for binding the front hair.
X AmOri6ta (?), n. [Skr. amrita.] (Hind. Myth.) Immorality;
also, the nectar conferring immortality. P a. Ambrosial;
Am6sel, Am6zel (?), n. [Ger. See Ousel.] (Zol.) The
European ring ousel (Turdus torquatus).
AOmuck6 (?), a. & adv. [Malay amoq furious.] In a frenzied
and reckless.
To run ~, to rush out in a state of frenzy, as the Malays
sometimes do under the influence of =bhang,8 and attack
every one that comes in the way; to assail recklessly and
Satire's my weapon, but I'm too discreet
To run amuck, and tilt at all I meet.
Am6uOlet (?), n. [L. amuletum: cf. F. amulette.] An
ornament, gem, or scroll, or a package containing a relic,
etc., worn as a charm or preservative against evils or
mischief, such as diseases and witchcraft, and generally
inscribed with mystic forms or characters. [Also used
Am7uOlet6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to an amulet; operating
as a charm.
AOmur6cous (?), a. [LL. amurcous, L. amurca the dregs of
olives, Gr. ?, fr. ? to pluck.] Full off dregs; foul. [R.]
AOmus6aOble (?), a. [Cf. F. amusable.] Capable of being
AOmuse6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amused (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Amusing.] [F. amuser to make stay, to detain, to ~, ? (L.
ad) + OF. muser. See Muse, v.] 1. To occupy or engage the
attention of; to lose in deep thought; to absorb; also, to
distract; to bewilder. [Obs.]
Camillus set upon the Gauls when they were amused in
receiving their gold.
Being amused with grief, fear, and fright, he could not find
the house.
2. To entertain or occupy in a pleasant manner; to stir with
pleasing or mirthful emotions; to divert.
A group children amusing themselves with pushing stones from
the top [of the cliff], and watching as they plunged into
the lake.
3. To keep in extraction; to beguile; to delude.
He amused his followers with idle promises.
Syn. - To entertain; gratify; please; divert; beguile;
deceive; occupy. P To Amuse, Divert, Entertain. We are
amused by that which occupies us lightly and pleasantly. We
are entertained by that which brings our minds into
agreeable contact with others, as conversation, or a book.
We are diverted by that which turns off our thoughts to
something of livelier interest, especially of a sportive
nature, as a humorous story, or a laughable incident.
Whatever amuses serves to kill time, to lull the faculties,
and to banish reflection. Whatever entertains usually a
wakens the understanding or gratifies the fancy. Whatever
diverts is lively in its nature, and sometimes tumultuous in
its effects.
AOmuse6, v. i. To muse; to mediate. [Obs.]
AOmused6 (?), a. 1. Diverted.
2. Expressing amusement; as, an amused look.
AOmuse6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. amusement.] 1. Deep thought;
muse. [Obs.]
Here I... fell into a strong and deep amusement, revolving
in my mind, with great perplexity, the amazing change of our
2. The state of being amused; pleasurable excitement; that
which amuses; diversion.
His favorite amusements were architecture and gardening.
Syn. - Diversion; entertainment; recreation; relaxation;
pastime; sport.
AOmus6er (?), n. One who amuses.
X Am7uOsette6 (?), n. [F.] A light field cannon, or stocked
gun mounted on a swivel.
AOmus6ing (?), a. Giving amusement; diverting; as, an
amusing story. P AOmus6ingOly, adv.
AOmu6sive (?; 277), a.Having power to amuse or entertain
the mind; fitted to excite mirth. [R.] P AOmu6siveOly, adv.
P AOmu6siveOness, n.
AOmy6 (?), n. [F. ami, fr. L. amicus.] A friend. [Obs.]
AOmy6eOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? without marrow.] (Med.) Wanting
the spinal cord.
AOmyg7daOla6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Akin to, or derived from,
the almond.
AOmyg6daOlate (?), a. [L. amygdala, amygdalum, almond, Gr.
?, ?. See Almond.] Pertaining to, resembling, or made of,
AOmyg6daOlate, n. 1. (Med.) An emulsion made of almonds;
milk of almonds.
Bailey. Coxe.
2.(Chem.) A salt amygdalic acid.
Am7ygOdal6ic (?), a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to almonds;
derived from amygdalin; as, amygdalic acid.
AOmyg7daOlif6erOous (?), a. [L. amygdalum almond + Oferous.]
AOmyg6daOlin (?), n. (Chem.) A glucoside extracted from
bitter almonds as a white, crystalline substance.
AOmyg6daOline (?), a. [L. amygdalinus.] Of, pertaining to,
or resembling, almonds.
AOmyg6daOloid (?), n. [Gr. ? almond + Ooid: cf. F.
amygdalo de.] (Min.) A variety of trap or basaltic rock,
containing small cavities, occupied, wholly or in part, by
nodules or geodes of different minerals, esp. agates,
quartz, calcite, and the zeolites. When the imbedded
minerals are detached or removed by decomposition, it is
porous, like lava.
{ AOmyg6daOloid (?), AOmyg7daOloid6al (?), } a. 1.
2. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, the rock
Am6yl (?), n. [L. amylum starch + Oyl. Cf. Amidin.] (Chem.)
A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found
in ~ alcohol or fusel oil, etc.
Am7yOla6ceous (?), a. [L. amylum starch, Gr. ?. See Amidin.]
Pertaining to starch; of the nature of starch; starchy.
Am6yOlate (?), n. (Chem.) A compound of the radical amyl
with oxygen and a positive atom or radical.
Am6yOlene (?), n.(Chem.) One of a group of metameric
hydrocarbons, C5H10, of the ethylene series. The colorless,
volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture
of different members of the group.
AOmyl6ic (?), a. (Chem.)Pertaining to, or derived from,
amyl; as, amylic ether.
w alcohol (Chem.), one of the series of alcohol?, a
transparent, colorless liquid, having a peculiar odor. It is
the hydroxide of amyl. P w fermentation (Chem.), a process
of fermentation in starch or sugar in which ~ alcohol is
Am7yOloObac6ter , n. [L. amylum starch + NL. bacterium. See
Bacterium.] (Biol.) A microrganism (Bacillus amylobacter)
which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction.
{ Am6yOloid (?), Am7yOloid6al (?), } a. [L. amylum starch +
Ooid.] Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike.
Amyloid degeneration (Med.), a diseased condition of various
organs of the body, produced by the deposit of an albuminous
substance, giving a blue color with iodine and sulphuric
acid; P called also waxy or lardaceous degeneration.

<-- p. 52 -->

Am6yOloid (?), n. 1. A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a
starchlike substance.
2. (Med.) The substance deposited in the organs in ~
Am7yOloOly6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? starch + ? solvent; ? to
dissolve.] (Physiol.) Effecting the conversion of starch
into soluble dextrin and sugar; as, an amylolytic ferment.
Am7yOlose6 (?), n. (Chem.) One of the starch group
(C6H10O5)? of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin,
dextrin, cellulose, etc.
Am6yOous (?), a. [Gr. ?.] (Med.) Wanting in muscle; without
Am6yss (?), n. Same as Amice, a hood or cape.
An (?). [AS. >n one, the same word as the numeral. See One,
and cf. A.] This word is property an adjective, but is
commonly called the indefinite article. It is used before
nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or
any, but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as
=twice an hour,8 =once an age,8 a shilling an ounce (see 2d
A, 2), it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to
each, every.
5 An is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound; as,
an enemy, an hour. It in also often used before h sounded,
when the accent of the word falls on the second syllable;
as, an historian, an hyena, an heroic deed. Many writers use
a before h in such positions. Anciently an was used before
consonants as well as vowels.
An, conj. [Shortened fr. and, OE. an., and, sometimes and
if, in introducing conditional clauses, like Icel. enda if,
the same word as and. Prob. and was originally pleonastic
before the conditional clause.] If; P a word used by old
English authors.
Nay, an thou dalliest, then I am thy foe.
B. Jonson.
w if, and if; if.
An6aO. [Gr. ? on; in comp., on, up, upwards.] A prefix in
words from the Greek, denoting up, upward, throughout,
backward, back, again, anew.
A6na (?), adv. [Gr. ? (used distributively).] (Med.) Of
each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana (or,
contracted, aa), ? ij., that is, of wine and honey, each,
two ounces.
An apothecary with a... long bill of anas.
Oa6na (?). [The neut. pl. ending of Latin adjectives in
Oanus.] A suffix to names of persons or places, used to
denote a collection of notable sayings, literary gossip,
anecdotes, etc. Thus, Scaligerana is a book containing the
sayings of Scaliger, Johnsoniana of Johnson, etc.
Used also as a substantive; as, the French anas.
It has been said that the tablePtalk of Selden is worth all
the ana of the Continent.
An7aObap6tism (?), n. [L. anabaptismus, Gr. ?: cf. F.
anabaptisme. See Anabaptize.] The doctrine of the
An7aObap6tist (?), n. [LL. anabaptista, fr. Gr. as if ?: cf.
F. anabaptiste.] A name sometimes applied to a member of any
sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized
in infancy.
5 In church history, the name Anabaptists usually designates
a sect of fanatics who greatly disturbed the peace of
Germany, the Netherlands, etc., in the Reformation period.
In more modern times the name has been applied to those who
do not regard infant baptism as real and valid baptism.
{ An7aObapOtis6tic (?), An7aObapOtis6ticOal (?), } a.
Relating or attributed to the Anabaptists, or their
Milton. Bp. Bull.
An7aObap6tistOry (?), n. The doctrine, system, or practice,
of Anabaptists. [R.]
Thus died this imaginary king; and Anabaptistry was
suppressed in Munster.
An7aObapOtize6 (?), v. t. [Gr. ?, fr. ? again + ? to
baptize. See Baptize.] To rebaptize; to rechristen; also, to
rename. [R.]
X An6aObas (?), n. [Gr. ?, p. p. of ? to advance.] (Zol.) A
genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long
out of water, and of making their way on land for
considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing
X AOnab6aOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to go up; ? up + ? to
go.] 1. A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that
of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by
Xenophon in his work called =The Anabasis.8
The anabasis of Napoleon.
De Quincey.
2. (Med.) The first period, or increase, of a disease;
augmentation. [Obs.]
An7aObat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Pertaining to anabasis; as, an
anabatic fever. [Obs.]
An7aObol6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? something heaped up; ? + ? a
stroke.] (Physiol.) Pertaining to anabolism; an anabolic
changes, or processes, more or less constructive in their
AOnab6oOlism (?), n. (Physiol.) The constructive metabolism
of the body, as distinguished from katabolism.
An7aOcamp6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? to bend back; ? back + ? to
bend.] Reflecting of reflected; as, an anacamptic sound (and
5 The word was formerly applied to that part of optics which
treats of reflection; the same as what is now called
catoptric. See Catoptrics.
An7aOcamp6ticOalOly (?), adv. By reflection; as, echoes are
sound produced anacamptically.
An7aOcamp6tics (?), n. 1. The science of reflected light,
now called catoptrics.
2. The science of reflected sounds.
{ X An7aOcan6thiOni (?), An6aOcanths (?), } n. pl. [NL., fr.
Gr. ? priv. + ? thorny, fr. ? thorn.] (Zol.) A group of
teleostean fishes destitute of spiny finPrays, as the cod.
An7aOcan6thous (?), a. Spineless, as certain fishes.
An7aOcar6diOa6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Belonging to, or
resembling, a family, or order, of plants of which the
cashew tree is the type, and the species of sumac are well
known examples.
An7aOcar6dic (?), a. Pertaining to, or derived from, the
cashew nut; as, anacardic acid.
X An7aOcar6diOum (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? similar to + ?
heart; P the fruit of this plant being thought to resemble
the heart of a bird.] (Bot.) A genus of plants including the
cashew tree. See Cashew.
An7aOcaOthar6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to cleanse upward, i.
e., by vomiting; ? + ?. See Cathartic.] (Med.) Producing
vomiting or expectoration. P n. An anacatharic medicine; an
expectorant or an emetic.
X AnOach6aOris (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? up + ? grace.] (Bot.)
A freshPwater weed of the frog'sbit family
(Hydrocharidace), native to America. Transferred to England
it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also
waterweed and water thyme.
AnOach6oOret (?), n. AnOach7oOret6icOal (?), a. See
Anchoret, Anchoretic. [Obs.]
AnOach6oOrism (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? place.] An error in regard
to the place of an event or a thing; a referring something
to a wrong place. [R.]
{ An7aOchron6ic (?), An7aOchron6icOal (?), } a.
Characterized by, or involving, anachronism; anachronistic.
AnOach6roOnism (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to refer to a wrong
time, to confound times; ? + ? time: cf. F. anachronisme.] A
misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in
chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each
other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early;
falsification of chronological relation.
AnOach7roOnis6tic (?), a. Erroneous in date; containing an
T. Warton.
AnOach6roOnize (?), v. t. [Gr. ?.] To refer to, or put into,
a wrong time. [R.]
AnOach6roOnous (?), a. Containing an anachronism;
anachronistic. P AnOach6roOnousOly, adv.
An7aOclas6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? to bend back and break; to
reflect (light); ? + ? to break.] 1. (Opt.) Produced by the
refraction of light, as seen through water; as, anaclastic
2. Springing back, as the bottom of an anaclastic glass.
w glass, a glass or phial, shaped like an inverted funnel,
and with a very thin convex bottom. By sucking out a little
air, the bottom springs into a concave form with a smart
crack; and by breathing or blowing gently into the orifice,
the bottom, with a like noise, springs into its former
convex form.
An7aOclas6tics (?), n. (Opt.) That part of optics which
treats of the refraction of light; P commonly called
Encyc. Brit.
X An7aOc?Ono6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ?, to communicate; ? up
+ ? to make common, ? common.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a
speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their
opinion on the point in debate.
An7aOcoOlu6thic (?), a. Lacking grammatical sequence. P
An7aOcoOlu6thicOalOly (?), adv.
X An7aOcoOlu6thon (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, not following, wanting
sequence; ? priv. + ? following.] (Gram.) A want of
grammatical sequence or coherence in a sentence; an instance
of a change of construction in a sentence so that the latter
part does not syntactically correspond with the first part.
An7aOcon6da (?), n. [Of Ceylonese origin?] (Zol.) A large
South American snake of the Boa family (Eunectes murinus),
which lives near rivers, and preys on birds and small
mammals. The name is also applied to a similar large serpent
(Python tigris) of Ceylon.
AOnac7reOon6tic (?), a. [L. Anacreonticus.] Pertaining to,
after the manner of, or in the meter of, the Greek poet
Anacreon; amatory and convivial.
De Quincey.
AOnac7reOon6tic, n. A poem after the manner of Anacreon; a
sprightly little poem in praise of love and wine.
An7aOcrot6ic (?), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to anachronism.
AOnac6roOtism (?), n. [Gr. ?, up, again + ? a stroke.]
(Physiol.) A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in
a sphygmographic tracing.
X An7aOcru6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to push up or back; ? +
? to strike.] (Pros.) A prefix of one or two unaccented
syllables to a verse properly beginning with an accented
An6aOdem (?), n. [L. anadema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to wreathe; ? up
+ ? to bind.] A garland or fillet; a chaplet or wreath.
Drayton. Tennyson.
X An7aOdiOplo6sis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? to double,
?, ?, twofold, double.] (Rhet.) A repetition of the last
word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the
beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, =He
retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes P
misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent.8
An6aOdrom (?), n. [Cf. F. anadrome.] (Zol.) A fish that
leaves the sea and ascends rivers.
AOnad6roOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? running upward; ? + ? a
running, ? to run.] 1. (Zol.) Ascending rivers from the
sea, at certain seasons, for breeding, as the salmon, shad,
2. (Bot.) Tending upwards; P said of terns in which the
lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the
branch of the central stem.
D. C. Eaton.
X AOn6miOa (?), a. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? blood.]
(Med.) A morbid condition in which the blood is deficient in
quality or in quantity.
AOnm6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anmis.
AnOa7 Orob6ic (?), a. (Biol.) Relating to, or like,
ana robies; ara robiotic.
AnOa6 rOoObies (?), n. pl. [Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, air + ?
life.] (Biol.) Microrganisms which do not require oxygen,
but are killed by it.
AnOa7 rOoObiOot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Related to, or of the
nature of, ana robies.
X An7sOthe6siOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?
feeling, ? to feel: cf. F. anesthsie. See sthetics.]
(Med.) Entire or partial loss or absence of feeling or
sensation; a state of general or local insensibility
produced by disease or by the inhalation or application of
an ansthetic.
X An7sOthe6sis (?), n. See Ansthesia.
An7sOthet6ic (?), a. (Med.) (a) Capable of rendering
insensible; as, ansthetic agents. (b) Characterized by, or
connected with, insensibility; as, an ansthetic effect or
An7sOthet6ic, n. (Med.) That which produces insensibility
to pain, as chloroform, ether, etc.
AnOs7theOtiOza6tion (?), n. The process of ansthetizing;
also, the condition of the nervous system induced by
AnOs6theOtize (?), v. t. (Med.) To render insensible by an
Encyc. Brit.
An6aOglyph (?), n. [Gr. ? wrought in low relief, ? embossed
work; ? + ? to engrave.] Any sculptured, chased, or embossed
ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo.
{ An7aOglyph6ic (?), An7aOglyph6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining
to the art of chasing or embossing in relief; anaglyptic; P
opposed to diaglyptic or sunk work.
An7aOglyph6ic, n. Work chased or embossed relief.
An7aOglyp6tic (?), a. [L. anaglypticus, Gr. ?, ?. See
Anaglyph.] Relating to the art of carving, enchasing, or
embossing in low relief.
An7aOglyp6tics (?), n. The art of carving in low relief,
embossing, etc.
An7aOglyp6toOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? + Ograph.] An instrument
by which a correct engraving of any embossed object, such as
a medal or cameo, can be executed.
Brande & C.
An7aOglyp7toOgraph6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to
anaglyptography; as, analyptographic engraving.
An7aOglypOtog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? embossed + Ography.] The
art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give
the subject an embossed or raised appearance; P used in
representing coins, basPreliefs, etc.
X An7agOnor6iOsis (?), n. [Latinized fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? to
recognize.] The unfolding or dnouement. [R.]
De Quincey.
An7aOgo6ge (?), n. [Gr. ? a leading up; ? + ? a leading, ?
to lead.] 1. An elevation of mind to things celestial.
2. The spiritual meaning or application; esp. the
application of the types and allegories of the Old Testament
to subjects of the New.
{ An7aOgog6ic (?), An7aOgog6icOal (?), } a. Mystical; having
a secondary spiritual meaning; as, the rest of the Sabbath,
in an anagogical sense, signifies the repose of the saints
in heaven; an anagogical explication. P An7aOgog6icOalOly,
An7aOgog6ics (?), n. pl. Mystical interpretations or
studies, esp. of the Scriptures.
L. Addison.
An6aOgo7gy (?), n. Same as Anagoge.
An6aOgram (?), n. [F. anagramme, LL. anagramma, fr. Gr. ?
back, again + ? to write. See Graphic.] Literally, the
letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider
sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the
transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus;
William Noy (attorneyPgeneral to Charles I., and a laborious
man) may be turned into I moyl in law.
An6aOgram, v. t. To anagrammatize.
Some of these anagramed his name, Benlowes, into Benevolus.
{ An7aOgramOmat6ic (?), An7aOgramOmat6icOal (?), } a. [Cf.
F. anagramtique.] Pertaining to, containing, or making,
anagram. P An7aOgramOmat6icOalOly, adv.
An7aOgram6maOtism (?), n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. anagrammatisme.]
The act or practice of making anagrams.
An7aOgram6maOtist, n. [Cf. F. anagrammatiste.] A maker
An7aOgram6maOtize (?), v. t. [Gr. ? cf. F. anagrammatiser.]
To transpose, as the letters of a word, so as to form an
An6aOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? a writing out, fr. ? to write out,
to record; ? + ? to write.] An inventory; a record. [Obs.]
{ X An6aOkim (?), A6naks (?), } n. pl. [Heb.] (Bibl.) A race
of giants living in Palestine.
A6nal (?), a. [From Anus.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or
situated near, the anus; as, the anal fin or glands.
AOnal6cime (?), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? strong, ? strength: cf.
F. analcime.] (Min.) A white or fleshPred mineral, of the
zeolite, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it
acquires a weak electricity; hence its name.
AOnal6cite (?), n. [Gr. ? weak.] Analcime.
An7aOlec6tic (?), a. Relating to analects; made up of
selections; as, an analectic magazine.
{ An6aOlects (?), X An7aOlec6ta (?), } n. pl. [Gr. ?, fr. ?
to collect; ? + ? to gather.] A collection of literary
X An7aOlem6ma (?), n. [L. analemma a sun dial on a pedestal,
showing the latitude and meridian of a place, Gr. ? a
support, or thing supported, a

<-- p. 53 -->

sun dial, fr. ? to take up; ? + ? to take.] 1. (Chem.) An
orthographic projection of the sphere on the plane of the
meridian, the eye being supposed at an infinite distance,
and in the east or west point of the horizon.
2. An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection
of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; P
formerly much used in solving some common astronomical
3. A scale of the sun's declination for each day of the
year, drawn across the torrid zone on an artificial
terrestrial globe.
{ X An6aOlep6sis (?), An6aOlep6sy (?), } [Gr. ? a taking up,
or again, recovery, from ?. See Analemma.] (Med.) (a)
Recovery of strength after sickness. (b) A species of
epileptic attack, originating from gastric disorder.
An6aOlep6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? restorative: cf. F. analeptique.
See Analepsis.] (Med.) Restorative; giving strength after
disease. P n. A restorative.
X An7alOge6siOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? sense
of pain.] (Med.) Absence of sensibility to pain.
An7alOlagOmat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a change.] (Math.)
Not changed in form by inversion.
w curves, a class of curves of the fourth degree which have
certain peculiar relations to circles; P sometimes called
bicircular quartics. P w surfaces, a certain class of
surfaces of the fourth degree.
An7alOlanOto6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Without, or not developing,
an allantois.
X An7alOlanOtoid6eOa (?), n. pl. [Gr. ? priv. + E.
allantoidea.] (Zol.) The division of Vertebrata in which no
allantois is developed. It includes amphibians, fishes, and
lower forms.
AOnal6oOgal (?), a. Analogous. [Obs.]
An7aOlog6ic (?), a. [See Analogous.] Of or belonging to
Geo. Eliot.
An7aOlog6icOal (?), a. 1. Founded on, or of the nature of,
analogy; expressing or implying analogy.
When a country which has sent out colonies is termed the
mother country, the expression is analogical.
J. S. Mill.
2. Having analogy; analogous.
Sir M. Hale.
An7aOlog6icOalOly, adv. In an analogical sense; in
accordance with analogy; by way of similitude.
A prince is analogically styled a pilot, being to the state
as a pilot is to the vessel.
An7aOlog6icOalOness, n. Quality of being analogical.
AOnal6oOgism (?), n. [Gr. ? course of reasoning, fr. ? to
think over, to the effect; an a priori argument.
2. Investigation of things by the analogy they bear to each
AOnal6oOgist (?), n. One who reasons from analogy, or
represent, by analogy.
AOnal6oOgize, v. i. To employ, or reason by, analogy.
X AOnal6oOgon (?), n. [Gr. ?.] Analogue.
AOnal6oOgous (?), a. [L. analogous, Gr. ? according to a due
ratio, proportionate; ? + ? ratio, proportion. See Logic.]
Having analogy; corresponding to something else; bearing
some resemblance or proportion; P often followed by to.
Analogous tendencies in arts and manners.
De Quincey.
Decay of public spirit, which may be considered analogous to
natural death.
J. H. Newman.
w pole (Pyroelect.), that pole of a crystal which becomes
positively electrified when heated.
Syn. - Correspondent; similar; like.
P AOnal6o gousOly, adv. P AOnal6oOgousOness, n.
An6aOlogue (?; 115), n. [F., fr. Gr. ?.] 1. That which is
analogous to, or corresponds with, some other thing.
The vexatious tyranny of the individual despot meets its
analogue in the insolent tyranny of the many.
I. Taylor.
2. (Philol.) A word in one language corresponding with one
in another; an analogous term; as, the Latin =pater8 is the
analogue of the English =father.8
3. (Nat. Hist.) (a) An organ which is equivalent in its
functions to a different organ in another species or group,
or even in the same group; as, the gill of a fish is the
analogue of a lung in a quadruped, although the two are not
of like structural relations. (b) A species in one genus or
group having its characters parallel, one by one, with those
of another group. (c) A species or genus in one country
closely related to a species of the same genus, or a genus
of the same group, in another: such species are often called
representative species, and such genera, representative
AOnal6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Analogies (?). [L. analogia, Gr. ?,
fr. ?: cf. F. analogie. See Analogous.] 1. A resemblance of
relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some
circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise
entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind,
because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling
it to discover things before hidden.
Followed by between, to, or with; as, there is an analogy
between these objects, or one thing has an analogy to or
with another.
5 Analogy is very commonly used to denote similarity or
essential resemblance; but its specific meaning is a
similarity of relations, and in this consists the difference
between the argument from example and that from analogy. In
the former, we argue from the mere similarity of two things;
in the latter, from the similarity of their relations.
2. (Biol.) A relation or correspondence in function, between
organs or parts which are decidedly different.
3. (Geom.) Proportion; equality of ratios.
4. (Gram.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or
general rules of a language; similarity of origin,
inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as
opposed to anomaly.
An6aOlyse (?), v., An6aOly7ser (?), n., etc. Same as
Analyze, Analyzer, etc.
AOnal6yOsis (?), n.; pl. Analyses (?). [Gr. ?, fr. ? to
unloose, to dissolve, to resolve into its elements; ? up + ?
to loose. See Loose.] 1. A resolution of anything, whether
an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its
constituent or original elements; an examination of the
component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words
which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple
propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to
2. (Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by
chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to
ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how
much of each element is present. The former is called
qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.
3. (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the
resolving of knowledge into its original principles.
4. (Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the
conditions that are in them to equations.
5. (a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a
discourse, disposed in their natural order. (b) A brief,
methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In
this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis.
6. (Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a
species, or its place in a system of classification, by
means of an analytical table or key.
Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, Quantitative, and
Volumetric ~. (Chem.) See under Ultimate, Proximate,
Qualitative, etc.
An6aOlyst (?), n. [F. analyste. See Analysis.] One who
analyzes; formerly, one skilled in algebraical geometry; now
commonly, one skilled in chemical analysis.
{ An7aOlyt6ic (?), An7aOlyt6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?: cf. F.
analytique. See Analysis.] Of or pertaining to analysis;
resolving into elements or constituent parts; as, an
analytical experiment; analytic reasoning; P opposed to
Analytical or cordinate geometry. See under Geometry. P
Analytic language, a noninflectional language or one not
characterized by grammatical endings. P Analytical table
(Nat. Hist.), a table in which the characteristics of the
species or other groups are arranged so as to facilitate the
determination of their names.
An7aOlyt6icOalOly, adv. In an analytical manner.
An7aOlyt6ics (?), n. The science of analysis.
An6aOly7zaOble (?), a. That may be analyzed.
An7aOlyOza6tion (?), n. The act of analyzing, or separating
into constituent parts; analysis.
An6aOlyze (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Analyzed (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Analyzing.] [Cf. F. analyser. See Analysis.] To
subject to analysis; to resolve (anything complex) into its
elements; to separate into the constituent parts, for the
purpose of an examination of each separately; to examine in
such a manner as to ascertain the elements or nature of the
thing examined; as, to analyze a fossil substance; to
analyze a sentence or a word; to analyze an action to
ascertain its morality.
No one, I presume, can analyze the sensations of pleasure or
An6aOly7zer (?), n. 1. One who, or that which, analyzes.
2. (Opt.) The part of a polariscope which receives the light
after polarization, and exhibits its properties.
An7aOmese6 (?), a. Of or pertaining to Anam, to southeastern
Asia. P n. A native of Anam.
X An7amOne6sis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to remind, recall to
memory; ? + ? to put in mind.] (Rhet.) A recalling to mind;
An7amOnes6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Aiding the memory; as,
anamnestic remedies.
AnOam7niOot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Without, or not developing,
an amnion.
An7aOmor6phism (?), n. [Gr. ? again + ? form.] 1. A
distorted image.
2. (Biol.) A gradual progression from one type to another,
generally ascending.
An7aOmor6phoOsis (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to form anew; ? again
+ ? to form; ? form.] 1. (Persp.) A distorted or monstrous
projection or representation of an image on a plane or
curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or
as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron,
appears regular and in proportion; a deformation of an
2. (Biol.) Same as Anamorphism, 2.
3. (Bot.) A morbid or monstrous development, or change of
form, or degeneration.
An7aOmor6phoOsy (?), n. Same as Anamorphosis.
AOnan6 (?), interj. [See Anon.] An expression equivalent to
What did you say? Sir? Eh? [Obs.]
X AOna6nas (?), n. [Sp. ananas, from the native American
name.] (Bot.) The pineapple (Ananassa sativa).
AnOan6drous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a man.] (Bot.)
Destitute of stamen? as certain female flowers.
AnOan6guOlar (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. angular.] Containing
no angle. [R.]
AnOan6therOous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. anther.] (Bot.)
Destitute of anthers.
AnOan6thous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a flower.] (Bot.)
Destitute of flowers; flowerless.
An7aOpst (?), An7aOps6tic (?). Same as Anapest, Anapestic.
An6aOpest (?), n. [L. anapaestus, Gr. ? an w, i. e., a
dactyl reserved, or, as it were, struck back; fr. ?; ? back
+ ? to strike.] 1. (Pros.) A metrical foot consisting of
three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the
last long, or accented (?); the reverse of the dactyl. In
Latin d?P?Ot>s, and in English inOterOvene?, are examples of
2. A verse composed of such feet.
An7aOpes6tic (?), a. [L. anapaesticus, Gr. ?.] Pertaining to
an anapest; consisting of an anapests; as, an anapestic
meter, foot, verse. P n. Anapestic measure or verse.
An7aOpes6ticOal (?), a. Anapestic.
X AOnaph6oOra (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to carry up or
back; ? + ? to carry.] (Rhet.) A repetition of a word or of
words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses.
X AnOaph7roOdis6iOa (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? sexual
pleasure, ? the goddess of love.] (Med.) Absence of sexual
AnOaph7roOdis6iOac (?), a. & n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? pertaining
to venery.] (Med.) Same as Antaphrodisiac.
AnOaph7roOdit6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? without love.] (Biol.)
Produced without concourse of sexes.
An7aOplas6tic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anaplasty.
An7aOplas7ty (?), n. [Gr. ? again + ? to form: cf. F.
anaplastie.] (Surg.) The art of operation of restoring lost
parts or the normal shape by the use of healthy tissue.
An7aOpleOrot6ic (?), a. [L. anapleroticus, fr. Gr. ? to fill
up; ? + ? to fill.] (Med.) Filling up; promoting granulation
of wounds or ulcers. P n. A remedy which promotes such
AOnap6noOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? respiration + Ograph.] A form
of spirometer.
An7apOno6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? respiration.] (Med.) Relating to
AnOap7oOdeic6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?. See
Apodeictic.] Not apodeictic; undemonstrable. [R.]
X An7aOpoph6yOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? back + ? offshoot.] (Anat.)
An accessory process in many lumbar vertebr.
An7apOtot6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? back + ? belonging to case.]
Having lost, or tending to lose, inflections by phonetic
decay; as, anaptotic languages.
X AnOap6tyOchus (?), n.; pl. Anaptichi (?). [NL., fr. Gr. ?
unfolding; ? back + ? to fold.] (Paleon.) One of a pair of
shelly plates found in some cephalopods, as the ammonites.
An6arch (?), n. [Gr. ? without head or chief; ? priv. + ?
beginning, the first place, magistracy, government.] The
author of anarchy; one who excites revolt.
Imperial anarchs doubling human woes.
AOnar6chal (?), a. Lawless; anarchical. [R.]
We are in the habit of calling those bodies of men anarchal
which are in a state of effervescence.
{ AOnar6chic (?), AOnar6chicOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
anarchique.] Pertaining to anarchy; without rule or
government; in political confusion; tending to produce
anarchy; as, anarchic despotism; anarchical opinions.
An6archOism (?), n. [Cf. F. anarchisme.] The doctrine or
practice of anarchists.
An6archOist (?), n. [Cf. F. anarchiste.] An anarch; one who
advocates anarchy of aims at the overthrow of civil
An6archOize (?), v. t. To reduce to anarchy.
An6archOy (?), n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. anarchie. See Anarch.] 1.
Absence of government; the state of society where there is
no law or supreme power; a state of lawlessness; political
Spread anarchy and terror all around.
2. Hence, confusion or disorder, in general.
There being then... an anarchy, as I may term it, in authors
and their re?koning of years.
X An7arOthrop6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? without
joints + Opoda. See Anarthrous.] (Zol.) One of the
divisions of Articulata in which there are no jointed legs,
as the annelids; P opposed to Arthropoda.
An7arOthrop6oOdous (?), a. (Zol.) Having no jointed legs;
pertaining to Anarthropoda.
AnOar6throus (?), a. [Gr. ? without joints, without the
article; ? priv. + ? joint, the article.] 1. (Gr. Gram.)
Used without the article; as, an anarthrous substantive.
2.(Zol.) Without joints, or having the joints indistinct,
as some insects.
X A6nas (?), n. [L., duck.] (Zol.) A genus of water fowls,
of the order Anseres, including certain species of
freshOwater ducks.
X An7aOsar6ca (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ? throughout + ?, ?,
flesh.] (Med.) Dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue;
an effusion of serum into the cellular substance,
occasioning a soft, pale, inelastic swelling of the skin.
An7aOsar6cous (?), a. Belonging, or affected by, anasarca,
or dropsy; dropsical.
An7aOstal6tic (?), a. & n. [Gr. ?

<-- p. 54 -->

fitted for checking, fr. ? + ? to send.] (Med.) Styptic.
An6aOstate (?), n. [Gr. ? up + ? to make to stand.]
(Physiol.) One of a series of substances formed, in
secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in
the production of protoplasm; P opposed to katastate.
An7aOstat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? up + ? to make to stand: cf. ?
causing to stand.] Pertaining to a process or a style of
printing from characters in relief on zinc plates.
In this process the letterpress, engraving, or design of any
kind is transferred to a zinc plate; the parts not covered
with ink are eaten out, leaving a facsimile in relief to be
printed from.
AOnas6toOmose (?), v. i. [imp. p. p. Anastomozed (?); p. pr.
? vb. n. Anastomosing.] [Cf. F. anastomoser, fr. anastomose.
See Anastomosis.] (Anat. & Bot.) To inosculate; to
intercommunicate by anastomosis, as the arteries and veins.
The ribbing of the leaf, and the anastomosing network of its
I. Taylor.
X AOnas7toOmo6sis (?), n.; pl. Anastomoses (?). [NL., fr.
Gr. ? opening, fr. ? to furnish with a mouth or opening, to
open; ? + ? mouth;: cf. F. anastomose.] (Anat. & Bot.) The
inosculation of vessels, or intercommunication between two
or more vessels or nerves, as the cross communication
between arteries or veins.
AOnas7toOmot6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anastomosis.
X AOnas6troOphe (?), n. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn up or back; ?
+ ? to turn.] (Rhet. & Gram.) An inversion of the natural
order of words; as, echoed the hills, for, the hills echoed.
AOnath6eOma (?), n.; pl. Anathemas (?). [L. anath?ma, fr.
Gr. ? anything devoted, esp. to evil, a curse; also L.
anath?ma, fr. Gr. ? a votive offering; all fr. ? to set up
as a votive gift, dedicate; ? up + ? to set. See Thesis.] 1.
A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by
ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by
excommunication. Hence: Denunciation of anything as
[They] denounce anathemas against unbelievers.
2. An imprecation; a curse; a malediction.
Finally she fled to London followed by the anathemas of both
3. Any person or thing anathematized, or cursed by
ecclesiastical authority.
The Jewish nation were an anathema destined to destruction.
St. Paul... says he could wish, to save them from it, to
become an anathema, and be destroyed himself.
w Maranatha (?) (see 1 Cor. xvi. 22), an expression commonly
considered as a highly intensified form of anathema. Maran
atha is now considered as a separate sentence, meaning, =Our
Lord cometh.8
{ AOnath7eOmat6ic (?), AOnath7eOmat6icOal (?), } a.
Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an anathema. P
AOnath7eOmat6icOalOly, adv.
AOnath6eOmaOtism (?), n. [Gr. ? a cursing; cf. F.
anathmatisme.] Anathematization. [Obs.]
We find a law of Justinian forbidding anathematisms to be
pronounced against the Jewish Hellenists.
J. Taylor.
AOnath7eOmaOtiOza6tion (?), n. [LL. anathematisatio.] The
act of anathematizing, or denouncing as accursed;
AOnath6eOmaOtize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anathematized (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Anathematizing.] [L. anathematizare, Gr. ?
to devote, make accursed: cf. F. anathmatiser.] To
pronounce an anathema against; to curse. Hence: To condemn
publicly as something accursed.
AOnath6eOmaOti7zer (?), n. One who pronounces an anathema.
X AOnat6iOfa (?), n.; pl. Anatif (?). [NL., contr. fr.
anatifera. See Anatiferous.] (Zol.) An animal of the
barnacle tribe, of the genus Lepas, having a fleshy stem or
peduncle; a goose barnacle. See Cirripedia.
5 The term Anatif, in the plural, is often used for the
whole group of pedunculated cirripeds.
AOnat6iOfer, (?), n. (Zol.) Same as Anatifa.
An7aOtif6erOous (?), a. [L. anas, anatis, a duck + Oferous.]
(Zol.) Producing ducks; P applied to Anatif, under the
absurd notion of their turning into ducks or geese. See
An6aOtine (?), a. [L. anatinus, fr. anas, anatis, a duck.]
(Zol.) Of or pertaining to the ducks; ducklike.
AOnat6oOcism (?), n. [L. anatocismus, Gr. ?; ? again + ? to
lend on interest.] (Law) Compound interest. [R.]
{ An7aOtom6ic (?), An7aOtom6icOal (?), } a. [L. anatomicus,
Gr. ?: cf. F. anatomique. See Anatomy.] Of or relating to
anatomy or dissection; as, the anatomic art; anatomical
An7aOtom6icOalOly, adv. In an anatomical manner; by means of
AOnat6oOmism (?), n. [Cf. F. anatomisme.] 1. The application
of the principles of anatomy, as in art.
The stretched and vivid anatomism of their [i. e., the
French] great figure painters.
The London Spectator.
2. The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all
the phenomena of the organism or of animal life.
AOnat6oOmist (?), n. [Cf. F. anatomiste.] One who is skilled
in the art of anatomy, or dissection.
AOnat7oOmiOza6tion (?), n. The act of anatomizing.
AOnat6oOmize (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anatomized (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Anatomizing.] [Cf. F. anatomiser.] 1. To dissect;
to cut in pieces, as an animal vegetable body, for the
purpose of displaying or examining the structure and use of
the several parts.
2. To discriminate minutely or carefully; to analyze.
If we anatomize all other reasonings of this nature, we
shall find that they are founded on the relation of cause
and effect.
AOnat6oOmi7zer (?), n. A dissector.
AOnat6oOmy (?), n.; pl. Anatomies (?). [F. anatomie, L.
anatomia, Gr. ? dissection, fr. ? to cut up; ? + ? to cut.]
1. The art of dissecting, or artificially separating the
different parts of any organized body, to discover their
situation, structure, and economy; dissection.
2. The science which treats of the structure of organic
bodies; anatomical structure or organization.
Let the muscles be well inserted and bound together,
according to the knowledge of them which is given us by
5 =Animal ~8 is sometimes called zotomy; =vegetable ~,8
phytotomy; =human ~,8 anthropotomy.
Comparative ~ compares the structure of different kinds and
classes of animals.
3. A treatise or book on ~.
4. The act of dividing anything, corporeal or intellectual,
for the purpose of examining its parts; analysis; as, the
anatomy of a discourse.
5. A skeleton; anything anatomized or dissected, or which
has the appearance of being so.
The anatomy of a little child, representing all parts
thereof, is accounted a greater rarity than the skeleton of
a man in full stature.
They brought one Pinch, a hungry, leanOfaced villain,
A mere anatomy.
An7aOtrep6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? overturning, fr. ? to turn up
or over; ? + ? too turn.] Overthrowing; defeating; P applied
to Plato's refutative dialogues.
X An6aOtron (?), n. [F. anatron, natron, Sp. anatron,
natron, fr. Ar. alPnatr?n. See Natron, Niter.] [Obs.] 1.
Native carbonate of soda; natron.
2. Glass gall or sandiver.
3. Saltpeter.
Coxe. Johnson.
{ AOnat6roOpal (?), AOnat6roOpous (?), } a. [Gr. ? up + ? to
turn.] (Bot.) Having the ovule inverted at an early period
in its development, so that the chalaza is as the apparent
apex; P opposed to orthotropous.
AOnat6to (?), n. Same as Annotto.
An6burPy (?), Am6burOy (?), n. [AS. ampre, ompre, a crooked
swelling vein: cf. Prov. E. amper a tumor with inflammation.
Cf. the first syllable in agnail, and berry a fruit.] 1.
(Far.) A soft tumor or bloody wart on horses or oxen.
2. A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; P called also
fingers and toes.
Oance. [F. Oance, fr. L. Oantia and also fr. Oentia.] A
suffix signifying action; also, quality or state; as,
assistance, resistance, appearance, elegance. See Oancy.
5 All recently adopted words of this class take either Oance
or Oence, according to the Latin spelling.
An6cesOtor (?), n. [OE. ancestre, auncestre, also ancessour;
the first forms fr. OF. ancestre, F. anctre, fr. the L.
nom. antessor one who goes before; the last form fr. OF.
ancessor, fr. L. acc. antecessorem, fr. antecedere to go
before; ante before + cedere to go. See Cede, and cf.
Antecessor.] 1. One from whom a person is descended, whether
on the father's or mother's side, at any distance of time; a
progenitor; a fore father.
2. (Biol.) An earlier type; a progenitor; as, this fossil
animal is regarded as the ancestor of the horse.
3. (Law) One from whom an estate has descended; P the
correlative of heir.
An7cesOto6riOal (?), a. Ancestral.
An7cesOto6riOalOly, adv. With regard to ancestors.
AnOces6tral (?; 277), a. Of, pertaining to, derived from, or
possessed by, an ancestor or ancestors; as, an ancestral
estate. =Ancestral trees.8
An6cesOtress (?), n. A female ancestor.
An6cesOtry (?), n. [Cf. OF. ancesserie. See Ancestor.] 1.
Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth
or honorable descent.
Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious, but
an ill one more contemptible.
2. A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those
who compose the line of natural descent.
An6chor (?), n. [OE. anker, AS. ancor, oncer, L. ancora,
sometimes spelt anchora, fr. Gr. ?, akin to E. angle: cf. F.
ancre. See Angle, n.] 1. A iron instrument which is attached
to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast
overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and
thus retains the ship in a particular station.
5 The common ~ consists of a straight bar called a shank,
having at one end a transverse bar called a stock, above
which is a ring for the cable, and at the other end the
crown, from which branch out two or more arms with flukes,
forming with the shank a suitable angle to enter the ground.
Formerly the largest and strongest ~ was the sheet anchor
(hence, Fig., best hope or last refuge), called also waist
anchor. Now the bower and the sheet anchor are usually
alike. Then came the best bower and the small bower (so
called from being carried on the bows). The stream anchor is
one fourth the weight of the bower ~. Kedges or kedge
anchors are light anchors used in warping.
2. Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that
of a ship's ~, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam
fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or
other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold
the core of a mold in place.
3. Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on
which we place dependence for safety.
Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul.
Heb. vi. 19.
4. (Her.) An emblem of hope.
5. (Arch.) (a) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a
building together. (b) Craved work, somewhat resembling an
~ or arrowhead; P a part of the ornaments of certain
moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or eggPandPanchor
(called also eggPandPdart, eggPandPtongue) ornament.
6. (Zol.) One of the anchorPshaped spicules of certain
sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain
Holothurians, as in species of Synapta.
w ice. See under Ice. P w ring. (math.) Same as Annulus, 2
(b). P w stock (Naut.), the crossbar at the top of the shank
at right angles to the arms. P The ~ comes home, when it
drags over the bottom as the ship drifts. P Foul ~, the ~
when it hooks, or is entangled with, another ~, or with a
cable or wreck, or when the slack cable entangled. P The ~
is acockbill, when it is suspended perpendicularly from the
cathead, ready to be let go. P The ~ is apeak, when the
cable is drawn in do tight as to bring to ship directly over
it. P The ~ is atrip, or aweigh, when it is lifted out of
the ground. P The ~ is awash, when it is hove up to the
surface of the water. P At ~, anchored. P To back an ~, to
increase the holding power by laying down a small ~ ahead of
that by which the ship rides, with the cable fastened to the
crown of the latter to prevent its coming home. P To cast ~,
to drop or let go an ~ to keep a ship at rest. P To cat the
~, to hoist the ~ to the cathead and pass the ringPstopper.
P To fish the ~, to hoist the flukes to their resting place
(called the billPboards), and pass the shank painter. P To
weigh ~, to heave or raise the ~ so as to sail away.
An6chor (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anchored (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Anchoring.] [Cf. F. ancrer.] 1. To place at ~; to secure
by an ~; as, to anchor a ship.
2. To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to
anchor the cables of a suspension bridge.
Till that my nails were anchored in thine eyes.
An6chor, v. i. 1. To cast ~; to come to ~; as, our ship (or
the captain) anchored in the stream.
2. To stop; to fix or rest.
My invention...anchors on Isabel.
An6chor, n. [OE. anker, ancre, AS. ancra, fr. L. anachoreta.
See Anchoret.] An anchoret. [Obs.]
An6chorOaOble (?), a. Fit for anchorage.
An6chorOage (?), n. 1. The act of anchoring, or the
condition of lying at anchor.
2. A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a
hold for an anchor.
3. The set of anchors belonging to a ship.
4. Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the
anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge.
5. Something on which one may depend for security; ground of
6. A toll for anchoring; ~ duties.
An6choOrage (?), n. Abode of an anchoret.
An6chorOate (?), a. AnchorOshaped.
An6chored (?), a. 1. Held by an anchor; at anchor; held
safely; as, an anchored bark; also, shaped like an anchor;
forked; as, an anchored tongue.
2. (Her.) Having the extremities turned back, like the
flukes of an anchor; as, an anchored cross. [Sometimes spelt
An6choOress (?), n. A female anchoret.
And there, a saintly anchoress, she dwelt.
An6choOret (?), An6choOrite (?), n. [F. anachor
te, L.
anachoreta, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to go back, retire; ? + ? to
give place, retire, ? place; perh. akin to Skr. h> to leave.
Cf. Anchor a hermit.] One who renounces the world and
secludes himself, usually for religious reasons; a hermit; a
r?cluse. [Written by some authors anachoret.]
Our Savior himself... did not choose an anchorite's or a
monastic life, but a social and affable way of conversing
with mortals.
{ An7choOret6ic (?), An7choOret6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. Gr. ?.]
Pertaining to an anchoret or hermit; after the manner of an
An6choOret7ish (?), a. Hermitlike.
An6choOretOism (?), n. The practice or mode of life of an
An6chorPhold7 (?), n. 1. The hold or grip of an anchor, or
that to which it holds.
2. Hence: Firm hold: security.
An6choOrite (?), n. Same as Anchoret.
An6choOri7tess (?), n. An anchoress. [R.]
An6chorOless (?), a. Without an anchor or stay. Hence:
Drifting; unsettled.
AnOcho6vy (?), n. [Sp. anchoa, anchova, or Pg. anchova,
prob. of Iberian origin, and lit. a dried or pickled fish,
fr. Bisc. antzua dry: cf. D. anchovis, F. anchois.] (Zol.)
A small fish, about three inches in length, of the Herring
family (Engraulis encrasicholus), caught in vast numbers in
the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. The name is
also applied to several allied species.

<-- p. 55 -->

AnOcho6vy pear7 (?). (Bot.) A West Indian fruit like the
mango in taste, sometimes pickled; also, the tree (Grias
cauliflora) bearing this fruit.
An6chuOsin (?), n. [L. anchusa the plant alkanet, Gr. ?.]
(Chem.) A resinoid coloring matter obtained from alkanet
An6chyOlose (?), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Anchylosed (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Anchylosing.] [Cf. F. ankyloser.] To affect or
be affected with anchylosis; to unite or consolidate so as
to make a stiff joint; to grow together into one. [Spelt
also ankylose.]
X An7chyOlo6sis, An7kyOlo6sis (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr.
?, fr. ? to crook, stiffen, fr. ? crooked: cf. F. ankylose.]
1. (Med.) Stiffness or fixation of a joint; formation of a
stiff joint.
2. (Anat.) The union of two or more separate bones to from a
single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in
various animals.
An7chyOlot6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to anchylosis.
An6cient (?), a. [OE. auncien, F. ancien, LL. antianus, fr.
L. ante before. See AnteO, pref.] 1. Old; that happened or
existed in former times, usually at a great distance of
time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to
the times before the fall of the Roman empire; P opposed to
modern; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient
Witness those ancient empires of the earth.
Gildas Albanius... much ancienter than his namesake surnamed
the Wise.
2. Old; that has been of long duration; of long standing; of
great age; as, an ancient forest; an ancient castle. =Our
ancient bickerings.8
Remove not the ancient landmarks, which thy fathers have
Prov. xxii. 28.
An ancient man, strangely habited, asked for quarters.
3. Known for a long time, or from early times; P opposed to
recent or new; as, the ancient continent.
A friend, perhaps, or an ancient acquaintance.
4. Dignified, like an aged man; magisterial; venerable.
He wrought but some few hours of the day, and then would he
seem very grave and ancient.
5. Experienced; versed. [Obs.]
Though [he] was the youngest brother, yet he was the most
ancient in the business of the realm.
6. Former; sometime. [Obs.]
They mourned their ancient leader lost.
w demesne (Eng. Law), a tenure by which all manors belonging
to the crown, in the reign of William the Conqueror, were
held. The numbers, names, etc., of these were all entered in
a book called Domesday Book. P w lights (Law), windows and
other openings which have been enjoined without molestation
for more than twenty years. In England, and in some of the
United States, they acquire a prescriptive right.
Syn. - Old; primitive; pristine; antique; antiquated;
oldPfashioned; obsolete. P Ancient, Antiquated, Obsolete,
Antique, Antic, Old. P Ancient is opposed to modern, and has
antiquity; as, an ancient family, ancient landmarks, ancient
institutions, systems of thought, etc. Antiquated describes
that which has gone out of use or fashion; as, antiquated
furniture, antiquated laws, rules, etc. Obsolete is commonly
used, instead of antiquated, in reference to language,
customs, etc.; as, an obsolete word or phrase, an obsolete
expression. Antique is applied, in present usage, either to
that which has come down from the ancients; as, an antique
cameo, bust, etc.; or to that which is made to imitate some
~ work of art; as, an antique temple. In the days of
Shakespeare, antique was often used for ancient; as, =an
antique song,8 =an antique Roman;8 and hence, from
singularity often attached to what is ~, it was used in the
sense of grotesque; as, =an oak whose antique root peeps
out; 8 and hence came our present word antic, denoting
grotesque or ridiculous. We usually apply both ancient and
old to things subject to gradual decay. We say, an old man,
an ancient record; but never, the old stars, an old river or
mountain. In general, however, ancient is opposed to modern,
and old to new, fresh, or recent. When we speak of a thing
that existed formerly, which has ceased to exist, we
commonly use ancient; as, ancient republics, ancient heroes;
and not old republics, old heroes. But when the thing which
began or existed in former times is still in existence, we
use either ancient or old; as, ancient statues or
paintings, or old statues or paintings; ancient authors, or
old authors, meaning books.
An6cient, n. 1. pl. Those who lived in former ages, as
opposed to the moderns.
2. An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a
person of influence.
The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his
people, and the princes thereof.
Isa. iii. 14.
3. A senior; an elder; a predecessor. [Obs.]
Junius and Andronicus... in Christianity... were his
4. pl. (Eng. Law) One of the senior members of the Inns of
Court or of Chanc?y.
Council of Ancients (French Hist.), one of the two
assemblies composing the legislative bodies in 1795.
An6cient, n. [Corrupted from ensign.] 1. An ensign or flag.
More dishonorable ragged than an oldPfaced ancient.
2. The bearer of a flag; an ensign. [Obs.]
This is Othello's ancient, as I take it.
An6cientOly, adv. 1. In ancient times.
2. In an ancient manner. [R.]
An6cientOness, n. The quality of being ancient; antiquity;
existence from old times.
An6cientOry (?), n. 1. Antiquity; what is ancient.
They contain not word of ancientry.
2. Old age; also, old people. [R.]
Wronging the ancientry.
3. Ancient lineage; ancestry; dignity of birth.
A gentleman of more ancientry than estate.
An6cientOy (?), n. [F. anciennet, fr. ancien. See Ancient.]
1. Age; antiquity. [Obs.]
2. Seniority. [Obs.]
X AnOci6le (?), n. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) The sacred shield of
the Romans, said to havePfallen from heaven in the reign of
Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.
An6cilOlaOry (?), a. [L. ancillaris, fr. ancilla a female
servant.] Subservient or subordinate, like a handmaid;
The Convocation of York seems to have been always considered
as inferior, and even ancillary, to the greater province.
AnOcille6 (?), n. [OF. ancelle, L. ancilla.] A maidservant;
a handmaid. [Obs.]
{ AnOcip6iOtal (?), AnOcip6iOtous (?), } a. [L. anceps,
ancipitis, twoPheaded, double; anO for ambO on both sides +
caput head.] (Bot.) TwoPedged instead of round; P said of
certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely
also of leaves.
AnOcis6troid (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? a hook + ? shape.]
An6cle (?), n. See Ankle.
An6come (?), n. [AS. ancuman, oncuman, to come.] A small
ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow. [Obs.]
X An6con (?), n.; L. pl. Ancones (?). [L., fr. Gr. ? the
bent arm, elbow; any hook or bend.] (Anat.) The olecranon,
or the elbow.
w sheep (Zol.), a breed of sheep with short crooked legs
and long back. It originated in Massachusetts in 1791; P
called also the otter breed.
{ An6con (?), An6cone (?), } n. [See Ancon, above.] (Arch.)
(a) The corner or quoin of a wall, crossPbeam, or rafter.
[Obs.] Gwilt. (b) A bracket supporting a cornice; a console.
{ An6coOnal (?), AnOco6neOal (?), } a. (Anat.) Of or
pertaining to the ancon or elbow. =The olecranon on anconeal
X AnOco6neOus (?), n. [NL., fr. L. ancon elbow.] (Anat.) A
muscle of the elbow and forearm.
An6coOnoid (?), a. Elbowlike; anconal.
An6coOny (?), n. [Origin unknown.] (Iron Work) A piece of
malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the
middle, but unwrought at the ends.
OanOcy. [L. Oantia.O A suffix expressing more strongly than
Oance the idea of quality or state; as, constancy, buoyancy,
And (?), conj. [AS. and; akin to OS. endi, Icel. enda, OHG.
anti, enti, inti, unti, G. und, D. en, OD. ende. Cf, An if,
AnteO.] 1. A particle which expresses the relation of
connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a
word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence.
(a) It is sometimes used emphatically; as, =there are women
and women,8 that is, two very different sorts of women.
(b) By a rhetorical figure, notions, one of which is
modificatory of the other, are connected by and; as, =the
tediousness and process of my travel,8 that is, the tedious
process, etc.; =thy fair and outward character,8 that is,
thy outwardly fair character,
Schmidt's Shak. Lex.
2. In order to; P used instead of the infinitival to,
especially after try, come, go.
At least to try and teach the erring soul.
3. It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive.
When that I was and a little tiny boy.
4. If; though. See An, conj. [Obs.]
As they will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast
their eggs.
w so forth, and others; and the rest; and similar things;
and other things or ingredients. The abbreviation, etc. (et
cetera), or & c., is usually read and so forth.
An6daObaOtism (?), n. [L. andabata a kind of Roman
gladiator, who fought hoodwinked.] Doubt; uncertainty.
An7daOlu6site (?), n. (Min.) A silicate of aluminium,
occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of
a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in
Andalusia, Spain.
X AnOdan6te (?), a. [It. andante, p. pr. of andare to go.]
(Mus.) Moving moderately slow, but distinct and flowing;
quicker than larghetto, and slower than allegretto. P n. A
movement or piece in andante time.
X An7danOti6no (?), a. [It., dim. of andante.] (Mus.) Rather
quicker than andante; between that allegretto.
5 Some, taking andante in its original sense of =going,8 and
andantino as its diminutive, or =less going,8 define the
latter as slower than andante.
An6daOrac (?), n. [A corruption of sandarac.] Red orpiment.
AOde6an , a. Pertaining to the Andes.
An6desOine (?), n. (Min.) A kind of triclinic feldspar found
in the Andes.
An6desOite (?), n. (Min.) An eruptive rock allied to
trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar,
with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene.
An6dine (?), a. Andean; as, Andine flora.
And6i7ron (?), n. [OE. anderne, aunderne, aundyre, OF.
andier, F. landier, fr. LL. andena, andela, anderia, of
unknown origin. The Eng. was prob. confused with brandPiron,
AS. brandPFsen.] A utensil for supporting wood when burning
in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog;
as, a pair of andirons.
An7draOnat6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ?: cf. F.
andranatomie. See Anatomy, Androtomy.] The dissection of a
human body, especially of a male; androtomy.
X AnOdr?6ciOum (?), n. [NL., from Gr. ?, ?, man + ? house.]
(bot.) The stamens of a flower taken collectively.
An6droOgyne (?), n. 1. An hermaphrodite.
2. (Bot.) An androgynous plant.
{ AnOdrog6yOnous (?), AnOdrog6yOnal (?), } a. [L.
androgynus, Gr. ?; ?, ?, man + ? woman: cf. F. androgyne.]
1. Uniting both sexes in one, or having the characteristics
of both; being in nature both male and female;
The truth is, a great mind must be androgynous.
2. (Bot.) Bearing both staminiferous and pistilliferous
flowers in the same cluster.
{ AnOdrog6yOny (?), AnOdrog6yOnism (?), } n. Union of both
sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism.
{ An6droid (?), X AnOdroi6des (?), } n. [Gr. ? of man's
form; ?, ?, man + ? form.] A machine or automation in the
form of a human being.
An6droid, a. Resembling a man.
AnOdrom6eOda (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, the daughter of Cepheus
and Cassiopeia. When bound to a rock and exposed to a sea
monster, she was delivered by Perseus.] 1. (Astron.) A
northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical
2. (bot.) A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern
climates, of which the original species was found growing on
a rock surrounded by water.
X An6dron (?), n. [L. andron, Gr. ?, fr. ?, ?, man.] (Gr. &
Rom. Arch.) The apartment appropriated for the males. This
was in the lower part of the house.
An7droOpet6alOous (?), a. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Produced by the conversion of the stamens into petals, as
double flowers, like the garden ranunculus.
X AnOdroph6aOgi (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; ?, ?, man + ?
to eat.] Cannibals; manPeaters; anthropophagi. [R.]
AnOdroph6aOgous (?), a. Anthropophagous.
An6droOphore (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? to bear.] 1. (Bot.)
A support or column on which stamens are raised.
2. (Zol.) The part which in some Siphonophora bears the
male gonophores.
An6droOsphinx (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? sphinx.] (Egypt.
Art.) A man sphinx; a sphinx having the head of a man and
the body of a lion.
An6droOspore (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a man + ? a seed.] (Bot.) A
spore of some alg, which has male functions.
AnOdrot6oOmous (?), a. (Bot.) Having the filaments of the
stamens divided into two parts.
AnOdrot6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, man + ? a cutting. Cf.
Anatomy.] Dissection of the human body, as distinguished
from zotomy; anthropotomy. [R.]
Oan6drous (?). [Gr. ?, ?, a man.] (Bot.) A terminal
combining form: Having a stamen or stamens; staminate; as,
monandrous, with one stamen; polyandrous, with many stamens.
AOnear6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + near.] Near. [R.] =It
did not come anear.8
The measure of misery anear us.
I. Taylor.
AOnear6, v. t. & i. To near; to approach. [Archaic]
AOneath6 (?), prep. & adv. [Pref. aO + neath for beneath.]
Beneath. [Scot.]
An6ecOdo7tage (?), n. Anecdotes collectively; a collection
of anecdotes.
All history, therefore, being built partly, and some of it
altogether, upon anecdotage, must be a tissue of lies.
De Quincey.
An6ecOdo7tal (?), a. Pertaining to, or abounding with,
anecdotes; as, anecdotal conversation.
An6ecOdote (?), n. [F. anecdote, fr. Gr. ? not published; ?
priv. + ? given out, ? to give out, to publish; ? out + ? to
give. See Dose, n.] 1. pl. Unpublished narratives.
2. A particular or detached incident or fact of an
interesting nature; a biographical incident or fragment; a
single passage of private life.
{ An7ecOdot6ic (?), An7ecOdot6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining to,
consisting of, or addicted to, anecdotes. =Anecdotical
An6ecOdo6tist (?), n. One who relates or collects anecdotes.
An6eOlace (?), n. Same as Anlace.
AOnele6 (?), v. t. [OE. anelien; an on + AS. ele oil, L.
oleum. See Oil, Anoil.] 1. To anoit.
2. To give extreme unction to. [Obs.]
R. of Brunne.
An7eOlec6tric (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + E. electric.] (Physics)
Not becoming electrified by friction; P opposed to
idioelectric. P n. A substance incapable of being
electrified by friction.
An7eOlec6trode (?), n. [Gr. ? up + E. electrode.] (Elec.)
The positive pole of a voltaic battery.
X An7eOlecOtrot6oOnus (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? up + E.
electrotonus.] (Physiol.) The condition of decreased
irritability of a nerve in the region of the positive
electrode or anode on the passage of a current of
electricity through it.
AOnem6oOgram (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ogram.] A record made by
an anemograph.
AOnem6oOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ograph.]

<-- p. 56 -->

An instrument for measuring and recording the direction and
force of the wind.
AOnem7oOgraph6ic (?), a. Produced by an anemograph; of or
pertaining to anemography.
An7eOmog6raOphy (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ography.] 1. A
description of the winds.
2. The art of recording the direction and force of the wind,
as by means of an anemograph.
An7eOmol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ology.] The science of
the wind.
An7eOmom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Ometer.] An instrument
for measuring the force or velocity of the wind; a wind
{ An7eOmoOmet6ric (?), An7eOmoOmet6ricOal (?), } a. Of or
pertaining to anemometry.
An7eOmoOmet6roOgraph (?), n. [Anemometer + Ograph.] An
An7eOmom6eOtry (?), n. The act or process of ascertaining
the force or velocity of the wind.
AOnem6oOne (?), n. [L. anemone, Gr. ?, fr. ? wind.] 1.
(Bot.) A genus of plants of the Ranunculus or Crowfoot
family; windflower. Some of the species are cultivated in
2. (Zol.) The sea ~. See Actinia, and Sea anemone.
5 This word is sometimes pronounced ?n??Om??On?, especially
by classical scholars.
An7eOmon6ic (?), a. (Chem.) An acrid, poisonous,
crystallizable substance, obtained from, the anemone, or
from anemonin.
AOnem6oOnin (?), n. (Chem.) An acrid, poisonous,
crystallizable substance, obtained from some species of
AOnem6oOny (?), n. See Anemone.
An7eOmorph6iOlous (?), a. [Gr. ? wind + ? lover.] (Bot.)
Fertilized by the agency of the wind; P said of plants in
which the pollen is carried to the stigma by the wind;
AOnem6oOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? wind + Oscope: cf. F.
anmoscope.] An instrument which shows the direction of the
wind; a wind vane; a weathPercock; P usually applied to a
contrivance consisting of a vane above, connected in the
building with a dial or index with pointers to show the
changes of the wind.
{ AnOen7ceOphal6ic (?), An7enOceph6aOlous (?), } a. [Gr. ?,
priv. + ? the brain: cf. Encephalon.] (Zol.) Without a
brain; brainless.
Todd & B.
{ AOnenst6 (?), AOnent6 (?), } prep. [OE. anent, anentis,
anence, anens, anents, AS. onefen, onemn; an, on, on + efen
even, equal; hence meaning, on an equality with, even with,
beside. See Even, a.] [Scot. & Prov. Eng.] 1. Over against;
as, he lives anent the church.
2. About; concerning; in respect; as, he said nothing anent
this particular.
AnOen6terOous (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? intestine, ? within,
? in.] (Zol.) Destitute of a stomach or an intestine.
An6eOroid (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? wet, moist + Ooid: cf. F.
anro de.] Containing no liquid; P said of kind of
~ barometer, a barometer the action of which depends on the
varying pressure of the atmosphere upon the elastic top of a
metallic box (shaped like a watch) from which the air has
been exhausted. An index shows the variation of pressure.
An6eOroid, n. An ~ barometer.
Anes (?), adv. Once. [Scot.]
Sir W. Scott.
X An7esOthe6siOa (?), n., An7esOthet6ic (?), a. Same as
Ansthesia, Ansthetic.
An6et (?), n. [F. aneth, fr. L. anethum, Gr. ?. See Anise.]
The herb dill, or dillseed.
An6eOthol (?), n. [L. anethum (see Anise) + Ool.] (Chem.) A
substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel,
etc., in the form of soft shinning scales; P called also
anise camphor.
AOnet6ic (?), a. [L. aneticus, Gr. ? relaxing; ? back + ? to
send.] (Med.) Soothing.
An6euOrism (?), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a widening, an opening; ? up +
? wide.] (Med.) A soft, pulsating, hollow tumor, containing
blood, arising from the preternatural dilation or rupture of
the coats of an artery. [Written also aneurysm.]
An7euOris6mal (?), a. (Med.) Of or pertaining to an
aneurism; as, an aneurismal tumor; aneurismal diathesis.
[Written also aneurysmal.]
AOnew6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + new.] Over again; another time;
in a new form; afresh; as, to arm anew; to create anew.

AnOfrac6tuOose7 (?; 135), a. [See Anfractuous.] Anfractuous;
as, anfractuose anthers.
AnOfrac7tuOos6iOty (?), n.; pl. Anfractuosities (?). [Cf. F.
anfractuosit.] 1. A state of being anfractuous, or full of
windings and turnings; sinuosity.
The anfractuosities of his intellect and temper.
2. (Anat.) A sinuous depression or sulcus like those
separating the convolutions of the brain.
AnOfrac6tuOous (?), a. [L. anfractuosus, fr. anfractus a
turning, a winding, fr. the unused anfringere to wind, bend;
anO, for ambO + fractus, p. p. of frangere to break: cf. F.
anfractueux.] Winding; full of windings and turnings;
sinuous; tortuous; as, the anfractuous spires of a born. P
AnOfrac6tuOousOness, n.
AnOfrac6ture (?), n. A mazy winding.
AnOga6riOa6tion (?), n. [LL. angariatio, fr. L. angaria
service to a lord, villenage, fr. anga??us, Gr. ? (a Persian
word), a courier for carrying royal dispatches.] Exaction of
forced service; compulsion. [Obs.]
An7geiOol6oOgy (?), n., An7geiOot6oOmy, etc. Same as
Angiology, Angiotomy, etc.
An6gel (?), n. [AS. angel, engel, influenced by OF. angele,
angle, F. ange. Both the AS. and the OF. words are from L.
angelus, Gr. ? messenger, a messenger of God, an ~.] 1. A
messenger. [R.]
The dear good angel of the Spring,
The nightingale.
B. Jonson.
2. A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power
and intelligence. In the Scriptures the angels appear as
God's messengers.
O, welcome, purePeyed Faith, whitePhanded Hope,
Thou hovering angel, girt with golden wings.
3. One of a class of =fallen angels;8 an evil spirit; as,
the devil and his angels.
4. A minister or pastor of a church, as in the Seven Asiatic
churches. [Archaic]
UntoPthe angel of the church of Ephesus write.
Rev. ii. 1.
5. Attendant spirit; genius; demon.
6. An appellation given to a person supposed to be of
angelic goodness or loveliness; a darling.

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