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The World Factbook 1998 by The United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

Part 48 out of 51

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ended in calendar year 1994)
FYROM The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
FZ Franc Zone
G G-2 Group of 2
G-3 Group of 3
G-5 Group of 5
G-6 Group of 6 (not to be confused with the Big Six)
G-7 Group of 7
G-8 Group of 8
G-9 Group of 9
G-10 Group of 10
G-11 Group of 11
G-15 Group of 15
G-19 Group of 19
G-24 Group of 24
G-30 Group of 30
G-33 Group of 33
G-77 Group of 77
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; subsumed by the World
Trade Organization (WTrO) on 1 January 1995
GCC Gulf Cooperation Council
GDP gross domestic product
GDR German Democratic Republic (East Germany); used for information
dated before 3 October 1990 or CY91
GNP gross national product
GRT gross register ton
GWP gross world product
H Hazardous Wastes Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary
Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
HF high-frequency
I IADB Inter-American Development Bank
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IBEC International Bank for Economic Cooperation
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World
Bank)
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICEM Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration; see
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions; see World
Confederation of Labor (WCL)
ICJ International Court of Justice
ICM Intergovernmental Committee for Migration; see International
Organization for Migration (IOM)
ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross
ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
IDA International Development Association
IDB Islamic Development Bank
IEA International Energy Agency
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC International Finance Corporation
IFCTU International Federation of Christian Trade Unions
IFRCS International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development
IGADD Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development
IHO International Hydrographic Organization
IIB International Investment Bank
ILO International Labor Organization
IMCO Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization; see
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO International Maritime Organization
Inmarsat International Mobile Satellite Organization
InOC Indian Ocean Commission
Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
Interpol International Criminal Police Organization
Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications
IOC International Olympic Committee
IOM International Organization for Migration
ISO International Organization for Standardization
ITU International Telecommunication Union
K kHz kilohertz
km kilometer
kW kilowatt
kWh kilowatt hour
L LAES Latin American Economic System
LAIA Latin American Integration Association
LAS League of Arab States; see Arab League (AL)
Law of the Sea United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS)
LDC less developed country
LLDC least developed country
London Convention see Marine Dumping
LORCS League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies; see
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
(IFRCS)
LOS see Law of the Sea
M m meter
Marecs Maritime European Communications Satellite
Marine Dumping Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by
Dumping Wastes and Other Matter
Marine Life Conservation Convention on Fishing and Conservation of
Living Resources of the High Seas
MARPOL see Ship Pollution
Medarabtel the Middle East Telecommunications Project of the
International Telecommunications Union
Mercosur Mercado Comun del Cono Sur; see Southern Cone Common Market
MHz megahertz
MINURSO United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
MINUGUA United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala
MIPONUH United Nations Police Mission in Haiti
MONUA United Nations Observer Mission in Angola
MTCR Missile Technology Control Regime
N NA not available
NACC North Atlantic Cooperation Council; see Euro-Atlantic Partnership
Council (EAPC)
NAM Nonaligned Movement
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NC Nordic Council
NEA Nuclear Energy Agency
NEGL negligible
NIB Nordic Investment Bank
NIC newly industrializing country; see newly industrializing economy
(NIE)
NIE newly industrializing economy
nm nautical mile
NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone
NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the
Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water
NZ New Zealand
O OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
OAS Organization of American States
OAU Organization of African Unity
ODA official development assistance
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OECS Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference
ONUMOZ see United Nations Operation in Mozambique (UNOMOZ)
ONUSAL United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador
OOF other official flows
OPANAL Organismo para la Proscripcion de las Armas Nucleares en la
America Latina y el Caribe; see Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear
Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSCE Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe
Ozone Layer Protection Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete
the Ozone Layer
P PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration
PDRY People's Democratic Republic of Yemen [Yemen (Aden) or South
Yemen]; used for information dated before 22 May 1990 or CY91
PFP Partnership for Peace
R Ramsar see Wetlands
RG Rio Group
S SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
SACU Southern African Customs Union
SADC Southern African Development Community
SADCC Southern African Development Coordination Conference; see
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
SELA Sistema Economico Latinoamericana; see Latin American Economic
System (LAES)
SFRY Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; dissolved 5 December
1991
SHF super-high-frequency
Ship Pollution Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International
Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)
Sparteca South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation
Agreement
SPC South Pacific Commission
SPF South Pacific Forum
sq km square kilometer
sq mi square mile
T TAT Trans-Atlantic Telephone
Tropical Timber 83 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983
Tropical Timber 94 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994
U UAE United Arab Emirates
UDEAC Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique Centrale; see Central
African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC)
UEMOA Union economique et monetaire Ouest africaine; see West African
Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)
UHF ultra-high-frequency
UK United Kingdom
UN United Nations
UNAMIR United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda
UNAVEM III United Nations Angola Verification Mission III
UNCRO United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
UNDP United Nations Development Program
UNEP United Nations Environment Program
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural
Organization
UNFICYP United Nations Force in Cyprus
UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities; see UN Population
Fund (UNFPA)
UNHCR United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF United Nations Children's Fund
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
UNIKOM United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission
UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research
UNMIH United Nations Mission in Haiti
UNMIBH United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
UNMOP United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka
UNMOT United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan
UNOMIG United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia
UNOMIL United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia
UNOMOZ United Nations Operation in Mozambique
UNOMUR United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda
UNOSOM II United Nations Operation in Somalia II
UNPREDEP United Nations Preventive Deployment Force
UNPROFOR United Nations Protection Force
UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in
the Near East
UNSMIH United Nations Support Mission in Haiti
UNTAC United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia
UNTAES United Nations Transitional Administration in Eastern Slavonia,
Baranja, and Western Sirmium
UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
UNU United Nations University
UPU Universal Postal Union
US United States
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union); used for
information dated before 25 December 1991
USSR/EE Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Eastern Europe
V VHF very-high-frequency
W WADB West African Development Bank
WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union
WCL World Confederation of Labor
WCO World Customs Organization; see Customs Cooperation Council
Wetlands Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially
as Waterfowl Habitat
WEU Western European Union
WFC World Food Council
WFP World Food Program
WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions
Whaling International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling
WHO World Health Organization
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WP Warsaw Pact
WTO see WToO for World Tourism Organization or WTrO for World Trade
Organization
WToO World Tourism Organization
WTrO World Trade Organization
Y YAR Yemen Arab Republic [Yemen (Sanaa) or North Yemen]; used for
information dated before 22 May 1990 or CY91
Z ZC Zangger Committee

______________________________________________________________________

@APPENDIXES

Appendix B: United Nations System

[Appendix B of the 1998 CIA World Factbook is a graphic
depiction of the structure of the United Nations. It
______________________________________________________________________

@APPENDIXES

Appendix C: International Organizations and Groups

advanced developing countries
another term for those less developed countries (LDCs) with
particularly rapid industrial development; see newly industrializing
economies (NIEs)
_________________________________________________________________

advanced economies
a new term used by the International Monetary FUND (IMF) for the top
group in its hierarchy of advanced economies, countries in transition,
and developing countries; recently published IMF statistics include
the following 28 advanced economies: Australia, Austria, Belgium,
Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
NZ, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,
UK, US; note-this group would presumably also cover the following
seven smaller countries of Andorra, Bermuda, Faroe Islands, Holy See,
Liechtenstein, Monaco, and San Marino which are included in the more
comprehensive group of "developed countries"
_________________________________________________________________

African, Caribbean, and Pacific Countries (ACP)
address-Avenue Georges Henri 451, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium
telephone-[32] (2) 743 06 00
FAX-[32] (2) 735 55 73
established-1 April 1976
aim-to manage their preferential economic and aid relationship with
the EU
members-(70) Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the
Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon,
The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti,
Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Papua New
Guinea, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Tanzania, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu,
Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

African Development Bank (AfDB)
note-also known as Banque Africaine de Developpement (BAD)
address-01 BP 1387, Abidjan 01, Cote d'Ivoire
telephone-[225] 20 41 18
FAX-[225] 20 40 06
established-4 August 1963
aim-to promote economic and social development
regional members-(53) Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso,
Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad,
Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote
d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and
Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa,
Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
nonpermanent members-(25) Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada,
China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, South
Korea, Kuwait, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, UAE, UK, US
_________________________________________________________________

Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique (ACCT)
see Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT)
_________________________________________________________________

Agence de la francophonie (ACCT)
see Agency for the French-speaking Community (ACCT)
_________________________________________________________________

Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT)
see Agency for the French-speaking Community (ACCT); acronym from
Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique
_________________________________________________________________

Agency for the French-speaking Community (ACCT)
note-formerly Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation
address-13 quai Andre-Citroen, F-75015 Paris, France
telephone-[33] (1) 44 37 33 00
FAX-[33] (1) 45 79 14 98
established-21 March 1970
name changed-1996
aim-to promote cultural and technical cooperation among
French-speaking countries
members-(40) Belgium, Benin, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo (may have dropped
out), Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominica,
Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, Laos, Lebanon,
Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Moldova, Monaco, Niger,
Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland, Togo, Tunisia,
Vanuatu, Vietnam
associate members-(5) Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Morocco, Saint
Lucia
participating governments-(2) New Brunswick (Canada), Quebec (Canada)
_________________________________________________________________

Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the
Caribbean (OPANAL)
note-acronym from Organismo para la Proscripcion de las Armas
Nucleares en la America Latina y el Caribe (OPANAL)
address-Temistocles 78, Col Polanco, CP 011560, Mexico City 5 DF,
Mexico
telephone-[52] (5) 280 4923, 280 5064, 280 2715
FAX-[52] (5) 280 2965
established-14 February 1967
aim-to encourage the peaceful uses of atomic energy and prohibit
nuclear weapons
members-(30) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti,
Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint
Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and
Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Andean Group (AG)
note-known also as the Andean Parliament
address-Carrera 7a, No. 13-58, Oficina 401, Apartado Aereo 039165,
Santafe de Bogota, Columbia
telephone-[57] (1) 284 41 91, 284 40 28, 284 33 74
FAX-[57] (1) 184 32 70
established-26 May 1969
effective-16 October 1969
aim-to promote harmonious development through economic integration
members-(5) Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
associate members-(1) Panama
observers-(26) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada,
Costa Rica, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, India, Israel,
Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Paraguay, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, UK, US, Uruguay, Yugoslavia
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA)
note-also known as Banque Arabe de Developpement Economique en Afrique
(BADEA)
address-Abdel Rahman El Mahdi Avenue, P.O. Box 2640, Khartoum, Sudan
telephone-[249] (11) 770498, 773646, 773709
FAX-[249] (11) 770600
established-18 February 1974
effective-16 September 1974
aim-to promote economic development
members-(17 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania,
Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, UAE,
Palestine Liberation Organization; note-these are all the members of
the Arab League excluding Comoros, Djibouti, Somalia, Yemen
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Cooperation Council (ACC)
established-16 February 1989
aim-to promote economic cooperation and integration, possibly leading
to an Arab Common Market
members-(4) Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD)
address-P.O. Box 21923, Safat 13080, Kuwait
telephone-[965] 4844500
FAX-[965] 4815750, 4815760, 4815770
established-16 May 1968
aim-to promote economic and social development
members-(21 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt (suspended from 1979 to 1988), Iraq
(suspended 1993), Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco,
Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia (suspended 1993), Sudan (suspended
1993), Syria, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Arab League (AL)
note-also known as League of Arab States (LAS)
address-Midan Attahrir, Tahrir Square, P.O. Box 11642, Cairo, Egypt
telephone-[20] (2) 750 511
FAX-[20] (2) 740 331
established-22 March 1945
aim-to promote economic, social, political, and military cooperation
members-(21 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon,
Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan,
Syria, Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)
address-27 avenue Okba Agdal, Rabat, Morocco
telephone-[212] (7) 77 26 82, 77 26 76, 77 26 68
FAX-[212] (7) 77 26 93
established-17 February 1989
aim-to promote cooperation and integration among the Arab states of
northern Africa
members-(5) Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia
_________________________________________________________________

Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)
address-P.O. Box 2818, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
telephone-[971] (2) 215000, 328500
FAX-[971] (2) 326454
established-27 April 1976
effective-2 February 1977
aim-to promote Arab cooperation, development, and integration in
monetary and economic affairs
members-(20 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Algeria,
Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya,
Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria,
Tunisia, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
address-438 Alexandra Road, Alexandra Point Building, 19th Floor
01/04, Singapore 119958, Singapore
telephone-[65] 276 1880
FAX-[65] 276 1775
established-7 November 1989
aim-to promote trade and investment in the Pacific basin
members-(19) Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong,
Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, NZ, Papua New Guinea,
Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, US, Vietnam
observers-(3) Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Pacific Economic
Cooperation Conference, South Pacific Forum
_________________________________________________________________

Asian Development Bank (AsDB)
address-6 ADB Avenue, Mandaluyong, 0401 METRO Manila, Philippines
telephone-[63] (2) 711 3851
FAX-[63] (2) 741 7961, 631 6816
established-19 December 1966
aim-to promote regional economic cooperation regional members-(40)
Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China,
Cook Islands, Fiji, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan,
Kiribati, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall
Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Nauru, Nepal, NZ,
Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon
Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan,
Vanuatu, Vietnam
nonregional members-(16) Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US
_________________________________________________________________

Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integracion (ALADI)
see Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)
_________________________________________________________________

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
note-the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) consists of the 9 ASEAN members, 2
observers, 2 consultative partners, and 8 dialogue partners:
Australia, Canada, EU, India, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, US
address-70 A Jalan Sisingamangaraja, Kebayoran Baru, P.O. Box 2072,
Jakarta 12110, Indonesia
telephone-[62] (21) 7262410, 7262991, 7262272, 7251988
FAX-[62] (21) 7398234, 7243348
established-9 August 1967
aim-to encourage regional economic, social, and cultural cooperation
among the non-Communist countries of Southeast Asia
members-(9) Brunei, Burma, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines,
Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
observers-(2) Cambodia, Papua New Guinea
consultative partners-(2) China, Russia
_________________________________________________________________

Australia Group
established-1984
aim-to consult on and coordinate export controls related to chemical
and biological weapons
members-(28) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US; note-may now
include only 23 countries
observer-(1) Singapore
_________________________________________________________________

Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty (ANZUS)
address-c/o Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Bag 8, Queen
Victoria Terrace, Canberra ACT 2600, Australia
telephone-[61] (62) 61 91 11
FAX-[61] (62) 61 21 51
established-1 September 1951
effective-29 April 1952
aim-to implement a trilateral mutual security agreement, although the
US suspended security obligations to NZ on 11 August 1986; Australia
and the US continue to hold annual meetings
members-(3) Australia, NZ, US
_________________________________________________________________

Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico (BCIE)
see Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE)
_________________________________________________________________

Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)
see Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
_________________________________________________________________

Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
address-Centralbahnplatz 2, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
telephone-[41] (61) 280 80 80
FAX-[41] (61) 280 91 00
established-20 January 1930
effective-17 March 1930
aim-to promote cooperation among central banks in international
financial settlements
members-(33) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US, Yugoslavia (suspended)
pending members-(9) Brazil, China, Hong Kong, India, South Korea,
Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore
_________________________________________________________________

Banque Africaine de Developpement (BAD)
see African Development Bank (AfDB)
_________________________________________________________________

Banque Arabe de Developpement Economique en Afrique (BADEA)
see Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA)
_________________________________________________________________

Banque de Developpement des Etats de l''Afrique Centrale (BDEAC)
see Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC)
_________________________________________________________________

Banque Ouest-Africaine de Developpement (BOAD)
see West African Development Bank (WADB)
_________________________________________________________________

Benelux Economic Union (Benelux)
note-acronym from Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg
address-Rue de la Regence 39, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium
telephone-[32] (2) 519 38 11
FAX-[32] (2) 513 42 06
established-3 February 1958
effective-1 November 1960
aim-to develop closer economic cooperation and integration
members-(3) Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands
_________________________________________________________________

Big Seven
note-membership is the same as the Group of 7
established-NA 1975
aim-to discuss and coordinate major economic policies
members-(7) Big Six (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK) plus
the US
_________________________________________________________________

Big Six
note-not to be confused with the Group of 6
established-NA 1967
aim-to foster economic cooperation
members-(6) Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK
_________________________________________________________________

Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone (BSEC)
address-I Hareket Kosku, Dolmabahce Sarayi, Besiktas 80680, Istanbul,
Turkey
telephone-[90] (1) 227 7300 through 227 7305
FAX-[90] (1) 227 7306
established-25 June 1992
aim-to enhance regional stability through economic cooperation
members-(11) Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece,
Moldova, Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine
observers-(7) Austria, Egypt, Israel, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Tunisia
_________________________________________________________________

Caribbean Community and Common Market (Caricom)
address-Caricom, P.O. Box 10827, Bank of Guyana Building, 3rd floor,
Avenue of the Republic, Georgetown, Guyana
telephone-[592] (2) 69281 through 69289
FAX-[592] (2) 66091, 67816, 57341
established-4 July 1973
effective-1 August 1973
aim-to promote economic integration and development, especially among
the less developed countries
members-(14) Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize,
Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and
Tobago
associate members-(2) British Virgin Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands
observers-(9) Anguilla, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Dominican Republic,
Haiti, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
address-P.O. Box 408, Wildey, St. Michael, Barbados
telephone-[1] (809) 431 1600
FAX-[1] (809) 426 7269
established-18 October 1969
effective-26 January 1970
aim-to promote economic development and cooperation
regional members-(20) Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Colombia,
Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Mexico, Montserrat, Saint Kitts
and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and
Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Venezuela
nonregional members-(5) Canada, France, Germany, Italy, UK
_________________________________________________________________

Cartagena Group
see Group of 11
_________________________________________________________________

Central African Customs and Economic Union (UDEAC)
note-acronym from Union Douaniere et Economique de l'Afrique Centrale
address-BP 969, Bangui, Central African Republic
telephone-[236] 61 09 22, 61 45 77
FAX-[236] 61 21 35
established-8 December 1964
effective-1 January 1966
aim-to promote the establishment of a Central African Common Market
members-(6) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the
Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon
_________________________________________________________________

Central African States Development Bank (BDEAC)
note-acronym from Banque de Developpement des Etats de l'Afrique
Centrale
address-BDEAC, Place du Gouvernement, BP 1177, Brazzaville, Republic
of the Congo
telephone-[242] 83 01 26, 83 01 49, 81 02 12, 81 02 21
FAX-[242] 83 02 66
established-3 December 1975
aim-to provide loans for economic development
members-(9) Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the
Congo, Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon, Germany, Kuwait
_________________________________________________________________

Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE)
note-acronym from Banco Centroamericano de Integracion Economico
address-Apartado Postal 772, Tegucigalpa DC, Honduras
telephone-[504] 372230 through 372239, 371184 through 371188
FAX-[504] 370793
established-3 December 1960
aim-to promote economic integration and development
members-(5) Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
nonregional members-(3) Argentina, Mexico, Taiwan
_________________________________________________________________

Central American Common Market (CACM)
address-c/o SIECA, Apart Postal 1237, 4a Avenida 10-25, Zona 14,
Guatemala 01901, Guatemala
telephone-[502] (2) 682151, 682152, 682153, 682154
FAX-[502] (2) 681071
established-13 December 1960
effective-3 June 1961
aim-to promote establishment of a Central American Common Market
members-(6) Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua,
Panama
_________________________________________________________________

Central European Initiative (CEI)
note-evolved from the Hexagonal Group
address-Ministry of Affairs of the Republic of Poland, Al I Ch Szucha
23, PL-00 580 Warsaw, Poland
established-27 July 1991
aim-to form an economic and political cooperation group for the region
between the Adriatic and the Baltic Seas
members-(16) Albania, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Ukraine
_________________________________________________________________

centrally planned economies
a term applied mainly to the traditionally communist states that
looked to the former USSR for leadership; most are now evolving toward
more democratic and market-oriented systems; also known formerly as
the Second World or as the communist countries; through the 1980s,
this group included Albania, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China, Cuba,
Czechoslovakia, GDR, Hungary, North Korea, Laos, Mongolia, Poland,
Romania, USSR, Vietnam, Yugoslavia
_________________________________________________________________

Colombo Plan (CP)
address-Colombo Plan Bureau, P.O. Box 596, 12 Melbourne Avenue,
Colombo 4, Sri Lanka
telephone-[94] (1) 581813, 581853, 581754
FAX-[94] (1) 581754
established-1 July 1951
aim-to promote economic and social development in Asia and the Pacific
members-(24) Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma,
Cambodia, Canada, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, South Korea,
Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, NZ, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea,
Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, UK, US
_________________________________________________________________

Commission for Social Development
note-formerly Social Commission
address-Division Policy Coordination ECOSOC Affairs, Department Policy
Coordination and Sustainable Development, United Nations, Room
S-29631, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone-[1] (212) 963 1234
FAX-[1] (212) 963 5935
established-21 June 1946 as the Social Commission, renamed 29 July
1966
aim-to deal, as part of the Economic and Social Council, with social
development programs of UN
members-(32) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice
address-Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division, Vienna
International Center, P.O. Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria
telephone-[43] (1) 21345, extension 4272
FAX-[43] (1) 21345 5898
established-6 February 1992
aim-to provide guidance, as part of the Economic and Social Council,
on crime prevention and criminal justice
members-(40) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Human Rights
address-c/o United Nations Office, Centre for Human Rights, Palais des
Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
telephone-[41] (22) 917 12 34, 907 12 34
FAX-[41] (22) 733 32 46
established-18 February 1946
aim-to assist, as part of the Economic and Social Council, with human
rights programs of UN
members-(53) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Narcotic Drugs
address-c/o United Nations Drug Control Programme, Treaty
Implementation and Legal Affairs Division, P.O. Box 500, A-1400
Vienna, Austria
telephone-[43] (1) 213450
FAX-[43] (1) 21345-5885
established-16 February 1946
aim-Economic and Social Council organization dealing with illicit
drugs programs of UN
members-(53) selected on a rotating basis from all regions with
emphasis on producing and processing countries
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Population and Development
address-Division for Policy and Coordination and ECOSOC Affairs,
Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development, United
Nations, Room 2963, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone-[1] (212) 963 1234
FAX-1] (212) 963 5935
established-3 October 1946
aim-to deal with population matters of importance to the UN, as part
of Economic and Social Council
members-(47) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Science and Technology for Development
address-United Nations, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone-[1] (212) 963 1234
FAX-[1] (212) 758 2718
established-30 April 1992
aim-to promote international cooperation, as part of the Economic and
Social Council, in the field of science and technology
members-(53) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on the Status of Women
address-Division for Policy and Coordination and ECOSOC Affairs,
Department for Policy Coordination and Sustainable Development, United
Nations, Room S-2963, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone-[1] (212) 963 1234
FAX-[1] (212) 963 5935
established-21 June 1946
aim-to deal, as part of the Economic and Social Council, with women's
rights goals of UN
members-(45) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commission on Sustainable Development
address-Division for Sustainable Development, UN DPCSD, Room DC2-2274,
New York, NY 10017, US
telephone-[1] (212) 963 0902
FAX-[1] (212) 963 4260
established-12 February 1993
aim-to monitor, as part of the Economic and Social Council,
implementation of agreements reached at the UN Conference on
Environment and Development
members-(53) selected on a rotating basis from all regions
_________________________________________________________________

Commonwealth (C)
note-also known as Commonwealth of Nations
address-c/o Commonwealth Secretariat, Marlborough House, Pall Mall,
London SW1Y 5HX, UK
telephone-[44] (171) 839 3411
FAX-[44] (171) 930 0827
established-31 December 1931
aim-to foster multinational cooperation and assistance, as a voluntary
association that evolved from the British Empire
members-(52) Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belize, Botswana, Brunei, Cameroon, Canada, Cyprus,
Dominica, Fiji, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, India, Jamaica,
Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta,
Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, NZ, Nigeria (suspended), Pakistan,
Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Solomon Islands, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, UK, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe
special members-(2) Nauru (soon to become full member), Tuvalu
_________________________________________________________________

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
address-Kirov Street 17, 220000 Minsk, Belarus
telephone-[375] 293434, 293517
FAX-[375] 261894, 261944
established-8 December 1991
effective-21 December 1991
aim-to coordinate intercommonwealth relations and to provide a
mechanism for the orderly dissolution of the USSR
members-(12) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan
_________________________________________________________________

Commonwealth of Nations
see Commonwealth (C)
_________________________________________________________________

Communaute Economique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEAO)
see West African Economic Community (CEAO)
_________________________________________________________________

Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale (CEEAC)
see Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC)
_________________________________________________________________

Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL)
see Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL)
_________________________________________________________________

communist countries
traditionally the Marxist-Leninist states with authoritarian
governments and command economies based on the Soviet model; most of
the original and the successor states are no longer communist; see
centrally planned economies
_________________________________________________________________

Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE)
see Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
_________________________________________________________________

Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire (CERN)
see European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
_________________________________________________________________

Contadora Group (CG)
established 5 January 1983 (on the Panamanian island of Contadora) to
reduce tensions and conflicts in Central America; has evolved into the
Rio Group (RG); members included Colombia, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
see Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
_________________________________________________________________

Coordinating Committee on Export Controls (COCOM)
established in 1949 to control the export of strategic products and
technical data from member countries to proscribed destinations;
members were Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany,
Greece, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
Spain, Turkey, UK, US; abolished 31 March 1994; COCOM members are
working on a new organization with expanded membership which focuses
on nonproliferation export controls as opposed to East-West control of
advanced technology
_________________________________________________________________

Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CEMA)
note-also known as CMEA or Comecon
established 25 January 1949 to promote the development of socialist
economies and abolished 1 January 1991; members included Afghanistan
(observer), Albania (had not participated since 1961 break with USSR),
Angola (observer), Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia
(observer), GDR, Hungary, Laos (observer), Mongolia, Mozambique
(observer), Nicaragua (observer), Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam,
Yemen (observer), Yugoslavia (associate)
_________________________________________________________________

Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU)
address-International Trade Centre Building, 12th Floor, 1191 Cornish
El Nile, P.O. Box 1, Mohamad Freed, Cairo, Egypt
telephone-[20] (2) 754252, 755321
FAX-[20] (2) 754090
telephone-[962] (6) 66 43 26, 66 43 27, 66 43 28
FAX-[962] (6) 66 33 43
established-3 June 1957
effective-30 May 1964
aim-to promote economic integration among Arab nations
members-(11 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Egypt, Iraq,
Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, UAE, Yemen,
Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Council of Europe (CE)
address-Palais de l'Europe, F-67075 Strasbourg CEDEX, France
telephone-[33] (3) 88 41 20 00
FAX-[33] (3) 88 41 27 81, 88 41 27 82
established-5 May 1949
effective-3 August 1949
aim-to promote increased unity and quality of life in Europe
members-(40) Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
Russia, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey, Ukraine, UK
guests-(4) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia
observers-(5) Canada, Israel, Italy, Japan, US
_________________________________________________________________

Council of the Baltic Sea States (CBSS)
address-Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Box 16121, S-10323 Stockholm,
Sweden
telephone-[46] (8) 405 1000
FAX-[46] (8) 723 1176
established-5 March 1992
aim-to promote cooperation among the Baltic Sea states in the areas of
aid to new democratic institutions, economic development, humanitarian
aid, energy and the environment, cultural programs and education, and
transportation and communication
members-(11) Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia,
Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden
_________________________________________________________________

Council of the Entente (Entente)
address-BP 3734, Abidjan 01, Cote d'Ivoire
telephone-225] 33 10 01, 33 28 35
FAX-[225] 33 11 49
established-29 May 1959
aim-to promote economic, social, and political coordination
members-(5) Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Niger, Togo
_________________________________________________________________

countries in transition
a new term used by the International Monetary FUND (IMF) for the
middle group in its hierarchy of advanced economies, countries in
transition, and developing countries; recently published IMF
statistics include the following 28 countries in transition: Albania,
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and
Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan; note-this group is identical to the group traditionally
referred to as the "former USSR/Eastern Europe" except for the
addition of Mongolia
_________________________________________________________________

Customs Cooperation Council (CCC)
note-also known as World Customs Organization (WCO)
address-Rue de l'Industrie 26-38, B-1040 Brussels, Belgium
telephone-[32] (2) 508 42 11
FAX-[32] (2) 508 42 40
established-5 December 1950
aim-to promote international cooperation in customs matters
members-(142) Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia,
Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium,
Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma,
Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic,
Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo,
Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France,
Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guyana, Haiti, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran,
Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan,
Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique,
Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan,
Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,
Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland,
Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US,
Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

developed countries (DCs)
the top group in the hierarchy of developed countries (DCs), former
USSR/Eastern Europe (former USSR/EE), and less developed countries
(LDCs); includes the market-oriented economies of the mainly
democratic nations in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Development (OECD), Bermuda, Israel, South Africa, and the European
ministates; also known as the First World, high-income countries, the
North, industrial countries; generally have a per capita GDP in excess
of $10,000 although four OECD countries and South Africa have figures
well under $10,000 and two of the excluded OPEC countries have figures
of more than $10,000; the 35 DCs are: Andorra, Australia, Austria,
Belgium, Bermuda, Canada, Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Holy See, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan,
Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, NZ,
Norway, Portugal, San Marino, South Africa, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Turkey, UK, US; note-similar to the new International
Monetary Fund (IMF) term "advanced economies" which adds Hong Kong,
South Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan but drops Malta, Mexico, South
Africa, and Turkey
_________________________________________________________________

developing countries
a new term used by the International Monetary FUND (IMF) for the
bottom group in its hierarchy of advanced economies, countries in
transition, and developing countries; recently published IMF
statistics include the following 126 developing countries:
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba,
The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan,
Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China,
Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the
Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea,
Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq,
Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta,
Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of
Micronesia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and
Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon
Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
UAE, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia,
Zimbabwe; note-this category would presumably also cover the following
46 other countries that are traditionally included in the more
comprehensive group of "less developed countries": American Samoa,
Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cayman Islands, Christmas
Island, Cocos Islands, Cook Islands, Cuba, Eritrea, Falkland Islands,
French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gaza Strip, Gibraltar, Greenland,
Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guernsey, Jersey, North Korea, Macau, Isle
of Man, Martinique, Mayotte, Montserrat, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue,
Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pitcairn Islands,
Puerto Rico, Reunion, Saint Helena, Saint Pierre and Miquelon,
Tokelau, Tonga, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Virgin Islands,
Wallis and Futuna, West Bank, Western Sahara
_________________________________________________________________

East African Development Bank (EADB)
address-4 Nile Avenue, P.O. Box 7128, Kampala, Uganda, or Bruce House,
P.O. Box 47685, Nairobi Kenya, or Nic Investment House, P.O. Box 9401,
Miranbo Street, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
telephone-[256] (41) 230021, 230825 or [254] (2) 340642, 340656 or
[255] (51) 113194, 113195
FAX-[256] (41) 259763 or [255] (51) 113197
established-6 June 1967
effective-1 December 1967
aim-to promote economic development
members-(3) Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
_________________________________________________________________

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
address-United Nations Building, Rajadamnern Avenue, Bangkok 10200,
Thailand
telephone-[66] (2) 2881234
FAX-[66] (2) 2881000
established-28 March 1947 as Economic Commission for Asia and the Far
East (ECAFE)
aim-to carry out the commitment of the Economic and Social Council of
the UN to promote economic development
members-(51) Afghanistan, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh,
Bhutan, Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, China, Fiji, France, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, North Korea, South
Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands,
Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands,
NZ, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Samoa,
Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tonga,
Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, UK, US, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam
associate members-(9) American Samoa, Cook Islands, French Polynesia,
Guam, Hong Kong, Macau, New Caledonia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands
_________________________________________________________________

Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
address-28 Abdel Hameed Sharaf Street, P.O. Box 927115, Amman, Jordan
telephone-[962] (6) 694351
FAX-[962] (6) 694981, 694982
established-9 August 1973 as Economic Commission for Western Asia
(ECWA)
aim-to promote economic development as a regional commission for the
UN's Economic and Social Council
members-(12 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Bahrain,
Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia,
Syria, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
address-P.O. Box 3001-3005, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
telephone-[251] (1) 51 72 00
FAX-[251] (1) 51 44 16
established-29 April 1958
aim-to promote economic development as a regional commission of the
UN's Economic and Social Council
members-(53) Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros,
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cote
d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and
Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa,
Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
associate members-(2) France, UK
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE)
see Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)
address-Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
telephone-[41] (22) 917 1234, 907 2893
FAX-[41] (22) 917 0036
established-28 March 1947
aim-to promote economic development as a regional commission of the
UN's Economic and Social Council
members-(55) Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus,
Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Ukraine, UK, US, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA)
see Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
address-Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla
179 D, Santiago, Chile
telephone-[56] (2) 2102000
FAX-[56] (2) 2080252, 2081946
established-25 February 1948 as Economic Commission for Latin America
(ECLA)
aim-to promote economic development as a regional commission of the
UN's Economic and Social Council
members-(41) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Grenada,
Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Jamaica, Mexico,
Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Saint Kitts
and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Spain,
Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela
associate members-(7) Anguilla, Aruba, British Virgin Islands,
Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Commission for Western Asia (ECWA)
see Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC)
note-acronym from Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique
Centrale
address-CEEAC, BP 2112, Libreville, Gabon
telephone-[241] 73 35 47, 73 35 48, 73 36 77
established-18 October 1983
aim-to promote regional economic cooperation and establish a Central
African Common Market
members-(10) Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad,
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial
Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe
observer-(1) Angola
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL)
note-acronym from Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs
address-B.O. Box 58, Gisenyi, Rwanda
telephone-[250] 40228
FAX-[250] 40785
established-26 September 1976
aim-to promote regional economic cooperation and integration
members-(3) Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
address-6 King George V Road, PMB 12745, Lagos, Nigeria
telephone-[234] (1) 636839, 636841, 636064, 630398
FAX-[234] (1) 636822
established-28 May 1975
aim-to promote regional economic cooperation
members-(16) Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, The
Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania,
Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
_________________________________________________________________

Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
address-No. 5 Khayahan-A-Hejab, Bd Keshavarz, P.O. Box 14155-6176,
Teheran, Iran Islamic Republic
telephone-[98] (21) 653349, 654888, 655100, 658614, 656152, 658045,
659052
FAX-[98] (21) 658046
established-NA 1985
aim-to promote regional cooperation in trade, transportation,
communications, tourism, cultural affairs, and economic development
members-(10) Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
associate members-(1) "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus"
_________________________________________________________________

Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)
note-began as the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC); an
extension of NATO
address-c/o NATO, B-1110 Brussels, Belgium
telephone-[32] (2) 728 41 11
FAX-[32] (2) 728 45 79
established-8 November 1991
effective-20 December 1991
aim-to discuss cooperation on mutual political and security issues
members-(44) Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium,
Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,
Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, UK, US, Uzbekistan
_________________________________________________________________

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
address-EBRD Headquarters, One Exchange Square, London EC2A 2EH, UK
telephone-[44] (171) 338 6000, 338 7931
FAX-[44] (171) 338 6100, 338 6139
established-15 April 1991
aim-to facilitate the transition of seven centrally planned economies
in Europe (Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania,
former USSR, and former Yugoslavia) to market economies by committing
60% of its loans to privatization
members-(60) Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan,
Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia,
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, EU, European Investment Bank
(EIB), Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco,
Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Ukraine, UK, US, Uzbekistan;
note-includes all 25 members of the OECD; also includes the EU as a
single entity
_________________________________________________________________

European Community (or European Communities, EC)
was established 8 April 1965 to integrate the European Atomic Energy
Community (Euratom), the European Coal and Steel Community (ESC), the
European Economic Community (EEC or Common Market), and to establish a
completely integrated common market and an eventual federation of
Europe; merged into the European Union (EU) on 7 February 1992; member
states at the time of merger were Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK
_________________________________________________________________

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
address-9-11 rue de Varembe, CH-1202 Geneva 20, Switzerland
telephone-[41] (22) 749 13 35
FAX-[41] (22) 733 92 91
established-4 January 1960
effective-3 May 1960
aim-to promote expansion of free trade
members-(4) Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland
_________________________________________________________________

European Investment Bank (EIB)
address-Bd Konrad Adenauer 100, L-2950 Luxembourg, Luxembourg
telephone-[352] 43791
FAX-[352] 437704
established-25 March 1957
effective-1 January 1958
aim-to promote economic development of the EU and its predecessors,
the EEC and the EC
members-(15) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, UK
_________________________________________________________________

European Monetary Union (EMU)
note-an integral part of the European Union
address-c/o European Commission, Rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Bruxelles,
telephone-[32] (2) 199 11 11 proposed-7 February 1992
aim-to promote a single market by creating a single currency, the
euro; time table-2 May 1998: European exchange rates are likely to be
fixed for 1 January 1999; 1 January 1999: all banks and stock
exchanges begin using euros; 1 January 2002: the euro goes into
circulation; 1 July 2002 local currencies no longer accepted
members-(0) likely to be included in the first wave of members:
Austria, Beligum, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain;
note-Denmark, Sweden, and UK decided not to join, and Greece did not
meet all the criteria to take part
_________________________________________________________________

European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
note-acronym retained from the predecessor organization Conseil
Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire
address-CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
telephone-[41] (22) 767 61 11
FAX-[41] (22) 767 65 55
established-1 July 1953
effective-29 September 1954
aim-to foster nuclear research for peaceful purposes only
members-(19) Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK
observers-(7) EU, Israel, Japan, Russia, Turkey, United Nations
Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),
Yugoslavia (suspended)
_________________________________________________________________

European Space Agency (ESA)
address-8-10 rue Mario Nikis, F-75738 Paris CEDEX 15, France
telephone-[33] (1) 53 69 76 54
FAX-[33] (1) 53 69 75 60
established-31 July 1973
effective-1 May 1975
aim-to promote peaceful cooperation in space research and technology
members-(14) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK
cooperating state-(1) Canada
_________________________________________________________________

European Union (EU)
note-evolved from the European Community (EC)
address-c/o European Commission, Rue de la Loi 200, B-1049 Brussels,
Belgium
telephone-[32] (2) 299 11 11
FAX-[32] (2) 295 01 38 through 295 01 40
established-7 February 1992
effective-1 November 1993
aim-to coordinate policy among the 15 members in three fields:
economics, building on the European Economic Community's (EEC) efforts
to establish a common market and eventually a common currency to be
called the 'euro', which will supercede the EU's accounting unit, the
ECU; defense, within the concept of a Common Foreign and Security
Policy (CFSP); and justice and home affairs, including immigration,
drugs, terrorism, and improved living and working conditions
members-(15) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, UK
membership applicant-(12) Albania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia
_________________________________________________________________

First World
another term for countries with advanced, industrialized economies;
this term is fading from use; see developed countries (DCs)
_________________________________________________________________

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
address-Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, I-00100 Rome, Italy
telephone-[39] (6) 52251
FAX-[39] (6) 5225 3152
established-16 October 1945
aim-to raise living standards and increase availability of
agricultural products, as a UN specialized agency
members-(175) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin,
Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros,
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Cook Islands,
Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El
Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, EU, Fiji,
Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras,
Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel,
Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea,
Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia,
Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,
Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint
Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania,
Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela,
Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia (suspended), Zambia, Zimbabwe
associate members-(1) Puerto Rico
_________________________________________________________________

former Soviet Union (FSU)
a collective term often used to identify as a group the successor
nations to the Soviet Union or USSR; this group of 15 countries
consists of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia,
Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
_________________________________________________________________

former USSR/Eastern Europe (former USSR/ EE)
the middle group in the hierarchy of developed countries (DCs), former
USSR/Eastern Europe (former USSR/EE), and less developed countries
(LDCs); these countries are in political and economic transition and
may well be grouped differently in the near future; this group of 27
countries consists of Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia
and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia,
Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia,
Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan; this group is identical to the IMF group
"countries in transition" except for the IMF's inclusion of Mongolia
_________________________________________________________________

Four Dragons
the four small Asian less developed countries (LDCs) that have
experienced unusually rapid economic growth; also known as the Four
Tigers; this group consists of Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore,
Taiwan; these countries are included in the IMF's "advanced economies"
group
_________________________________________________________________

Four Tigers
another term for the Four Dragons; see Four Dragons
_________________________________________________________________

Franc Zone (FZ)
address-Direction Generale des Service Etrangers (Service de la Zone
Franc), Banque de France, 39 rue Crois-des-Petits-Champs, BP 140-01,
Paris CEDEX 01, France
telephone-[33] (1) 42 92 31 26
FAX-[33] (1) 42 92 39 88
established-20 December 1945
aim-to form a monetary union among countries whose currencies are
linked to the French franc
members-(15) Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Republic of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial
Guinea, France, Gabon, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo; note-France
includes metropolitan France, the four overseas departments of France
(French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion), the two territorial
collectivities of France (Mayotte, Saint Pierre and Miquelon), and the
three overseas territories of France (French Polynesia, New Caledonia,
Wallis and Futuna); note-Guinea-Bissau was to become a member on 2 May
1997
_________________________________________________________________

Front Line States (FLS)
established to achieve black majority rule in South Africa; has since
gone out of existence; members included Angola, Botswana, Mozambique,
Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
was established 30 October 1947 to promote the expansion of
international trade on a nondiscriminatory basis; subsumed by the
World Trade Organization (WTrO) on 1 January 1995; members at the time
were Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria,
Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia,
Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon,
Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Democratic
Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica, Cote
d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican
Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The
Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau,
Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, South Korea,
Kuwait, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macau, Madagascar, Malawi,
Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,
Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia
(suspended), Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 2 (G-2)
informal term that came into use about 1986; to facilitate bilateral
economic cooperation between the two most powerful economic giants
Japan, US
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 3 (G-3)
established-NA October 1990
aim-mechanism for policy coordination
members-(3) Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 5 (G-5)
established-22 September 1985
aim-to coordinate the economic policies of five major noncommunist
economic powers
members-(5) France, Germany, Japan, UK, US
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 6 (G-6)
note-also known as Groupe des Six Sur le Desarmement; not to be
confused with the Big Six
established-22 May 1984
aim-to achieve nuclear disarmament
members-(6) Argentina, Greece, India, Mexico, Sweden, Tanzania
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 7 (G-7)
note-membership is the same as the Big Seven
established-22 September 1985
aim-to facilitate economic cooperation among the seven major
noncommunist economic powers
members-(7) Group of 5 (France, Germany, Japan, UK, US) plus Canada
and Italy
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 8 (G-8)
established NA October 1975 to facilitate economic cooperation among
the developed countries (DCs) that participated in the Conference on
International Economic Cooperation (CIEC), held in several sessions
between NA December 1975 and 3 June 1977; members were Australia,
Canada, EU (as one member), Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, US
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 9 (G-9)
established-NA
aim-to discuss matters of mutual interest on an informal basis
members-(9) Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, Hungary,
Romania, Sweden, Yugoslavia
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 10 (G-10)
note-also known as the Paris Club; includes the wealthiest members of
the IMF who provide most of the money to be loaned and act as the
informal steering committee; name persists in spite of the addition of
Switzerland on NA April 1984
address-c/o IMF Office in Europe, 64-66 ave d'Iena, F-75116 Paris,
France
telephone-[33] (1) 40 69 30 80
FAX-[33] (1) 47 23 40 89
established-NA October 1962
aim-to coordinate credit policy
members-(11) Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan,
Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US
nonstate participants-(4) BIS, EU, IMF, OECD
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 11 (G-11)
note-also known as the Cartagena Group
established-22 June 1984, in Cartagena, Colombia
aim-to provide a forum for largest debtor nations in Latin America
members-(11) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 15 (G-15)
note-byproduct of the Non-Aligned Movement
address-Technical Support Facility, Ch du Champ d'Ancier 17, Case
postale 326, CH-1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland
telephone-[41] (22) 798 42 10
FAX-[41] (22) 798 38 49
established-September 1989
aim-to promote economic cooperation among developing nations; to act
as the main political organ for the Non-Aligned Movement
members-(15) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Egypt, India, Indonesia,
Jamaica, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, Senegal, Venezuela,
Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 19 (G-19)
established-NA October 1975
aim-to represent the interests of the less developed countries (LDCs)
that participated in the Conference on International Economic
Cooperation (CIEC) held in several sessions between NA December 1975
and 3 June 1977
members-(19) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Cameroon, Democratic Republic
of the Congo, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Mexico,
Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zambia
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 24 (G-24)
address-c/o European Commission, DGIA- G-24 Coordination Unit, Rue de
la Loi 200, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium
telephone-[32] (2) 299 22 44
FAX-[32] (2) 299 06 02
established-NA January 1972
aim-to promote the interests of developing countries in Africa, Asia,
and Latin America within the IMF
members-(24) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Democratic Republic
of the Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala,
India, Iran, Lebanon, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines,
Sri Lanka, Syria, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Yugoslavia
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 30 (G-30)
address-1990 M Street NW, Suite 450, Washington, DC 20036, US
telephone-[1] (202) 331 2472
FAX-[1] (202) 785 9423
established-NA 1979
aim-to discuss and propose solutions to the world's economic problems
members-(30) informal group of 30 leading international bankers,
economists, financial experts, and business leaders organized by
Johannes Witteveen (former managing director of the IMF)
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 33 (G-33)
established-NA 1987
aim-to promote solutions to international economic problems
members-(33) leading economists from 13 countries
_________________________________________________________________

Group of 77 (G-77)
address-Office of the Chairman, United Nations, Room S-3959, P.O. Box
20, New York, NY 10017, US
telephone-[1] (212) 963 3816, 963 0192, 963 4777
FAX-[1] (212) 963 3515, 963 1753
established-NA October 1967
aim-to promote economic cooperation among developing countries; name
persists in spite of increased membership
members-(129 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization) Afghanistan,
Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas, Bahrain,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana,
Brazil, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape
Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros,
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica,
Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon,
The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya,
North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia,
Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall
Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Federated States of Micronesia,
Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru,
Philippines, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint
Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon
Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,
Uganda, UAE, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia,
Zambia, Zimbabwe, Palestine Liberation Organization
_________________________________________________________________

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
note-also known as the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the
Gulf
address-P.O. Box 7153, Riyadh 11462, Saudi Arabia
telephone-[966] (1) 482 7777
FAX-[966] (1) 482 9109
established-25 May 1981
aim-to promote regional cooperation in economic, social, political,
and military affairs
members-(6) Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE
_________________________________________________________________

Hexagonal Group
see Central European Initiative (CEI)
_________________________________________________________________

high-income countries
another term for the industrialized countries with high per capita
GDPs; see developed countries (DCs)
_________________________________________________________________

Indian Ocean Commission (InOC)
address-Q4 avenue Sir Guy Forget, BP7, Quatre Bornes, Mauritius
telephone-[230] 425 9564, 425 1652
FAX-[230] 425 1209
established-July 1982
aim-to organize and promote regional cooperation in all sectors,
especially economic
members-(5) Comoros, France (for Reunion), Madagascar, Mauritius,
Seychelles
_________________________________________________________________

industrial countries
another term for the developed countries; see developed countries
(DCs)
_________________________________________________________________

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
note-also known as Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)
address-1300 New York Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20577, US
telephone-[1] (202) 623 1000
FAX-[1] (202) 623 3096
established-8 April 1959
effective-30 December 1959
aim-to promote economic and social development in Latin America
members-(46) Argentina, Austria, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium,
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia,
Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, France,
Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Jamaica,
Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru,
Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and
Tobago, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela
_________________________________________________________________

Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD)
see Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
_________________________________________________________________

Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
note-formerly known as Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and
Development (IGADD)
address-P. O. Box 2653, Djibouti, Djibouti
telephone-[253] 354050, 354486
FAX-[253] 356994
established-15-16 January 1986 as the Inter-Governmental Authority on
Drought and Development
revitalized-21 March 1996 as the Inter- Governmental Authority on
Development
aim-to promote a social, economic, and scientific community among its
members
members-(7) Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda
_________________________________________________________________

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
address-Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria
telephone-[43] (1) 20600
FAX-[43] (1) 20607
established-26 October 1956
effective-29 July 1957
aim-to promote peaceful uses of atomic energy
members-(124) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia,
Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada,
Chile, China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica,
Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia,
Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala,
Haiti, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,
South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico,
Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,
Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri
Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia,
Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela,
Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia (suspended), Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

International Bank for Economic Cooperation (IBEC)
was established on 22 October 1963 to promote economic cooperation and
development; members were Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East
Germany, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam; now it is
a Russian bank with a new charter
_________________________________________________________________

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
note-also known as the World Bank
address-1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, US
telephone-[1] (202) 477 1234
FAX-[1] (202) 477 6391
established-22 July 1944
effective-27 December 1945
aim-to provide economic development loans; a UN specialized agency
members-(181) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil,
Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon,
Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China,
Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the
Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El
Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji,
Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras,
Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel,
Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South
Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia,
Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta,
Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of
Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal,
Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan,
Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint
Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan,
Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
address-38 Cours Albert 1st, F-75008 Paris, France
telephone-[33] (1) 49 53 28 28
FAX-[33] (1) 49 53 29 42
established-NA 1919
aim-to promote free trade and private enterprise and to represent
business interests at national and international levels
members-(62 national councils) Argentina, Australia, Austria,
Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Chile,
China, Colombia, Cote d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands,
Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria,
Taiwan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia
_________________________________________________________________

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
address-ICAO, 999 University Street, Montreal H3C 5H7, Canada
telephone-[1] (514) 954 8219
FAX-[1] (514) 954 6077
established-7 December 1944
effective-4 April 1947
aim-to promote international cooperation in civil aviation; a UN
specialized agency
members-(185) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil,
Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon,
Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China,
Colombia, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the
Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt,
El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji,
Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras,
Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel,
Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North
Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon,
Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali,
Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated
States of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique,
Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria,
Norway, Oman, Palau, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao
Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa,
Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US,
Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia,
Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
address-ICRC, 19 av de la Paix, CH-1202 Geneva, Switzerland
telephone-[41] (22) 734 60 01
FAX-[41] (22) 733 20 57
established-NA 1863
aim-to provide humanitarian aid in wartime
members-(25 individuals) all Swiss nationals
_________________________________________________________________

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU)
address-International Trade Union House, Bd Emile Jacqmain 155, B-1210
Brussels, Belgium
telephone-[32] (2) 224 02 11
FAX-[32] (2) 201 58 15, 203 07 56
established-NA December 1949
aim-to promote the trade union movement
members-(19,487 affiliated organizations in the following 136
countries) Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia,
Austria, The Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Basque Country, Belgium,
Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso,
Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,
China, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the
Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Curacao, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El
Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Finland, France,
French Polynesia, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada,
Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,
Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Lebanon, Liberia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritius,
Mexico, Mongolia, Montserrat, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands,
New Caledonia, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua
New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto
Rico, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint
Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain,
Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania,
Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,
UK, US, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe
_________________________________________________________________

International Court of Justice (ICJ)
note-also known as the World Court
address-Peace Palace, NL-2517 KJ The Hague, Netherlands
telephone-[31] (70) 302 23 23
FAX-[31] (70) 364 99 28
established-26 June 1945
effective-24 October 1945
aim-primary judicial organ of the UN
members-(15 judges) elected by the UN General Assembly and Security
Council to represent all principal legal systems
_________________________________________________________________

International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)
address-BP 6041, F-69411 Lyon CEDEX 06, France
telephone-[33] (4) 72 44 70 00
FAX-[33] (4) 72 44 71 63
established-13 June 1956
aim-to promote international cooperation among police authorities in
fighting crime
subbureaus-(176) Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan,
The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei,
Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada,
Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia,
Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Costa Rica,
Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon,
The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,
Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos,
Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique,
Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, NZ,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,
Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Somalia,
South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay,
Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
subbureaus-(11) American Samoa, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin
Islands, Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Macau, Montserrat,
Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands
_________________________________________________________________

International Development Association (IDA)
address-1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, US
telephone-[1] (202) 477 1234
FAX-[1] (202) 477 6391
established-26 January 1960
effective-24 September 1960
aim-UN specialized agency and IBRD affiliate that provides economic
loans for low income countries
members-(159)

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