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The Travels of Marco Polo, Volume 2 by Marco Polo and Rustichello of Pisa

Part 18 out of 23

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Gujah, Hulaku's chief secretary.
_Gugal_, bdellum.
Guilds of craftsmen at Kinsay.
---- Venetian.
Guinea-fowl.
Guions, a quasi-Tibetan tribe.
Gumish-Khanak, silver mines.
Gunpowder.
Gurgan, a Tartar chief.
_Gurgan_, son-in-law, a title.
Gur-Khan of Karacathay.
Gutturals, Mongol elision of.
_Guz_=100.
Guzerat (Gozurat),
products, mediaeval architecture and dress;
work.

Haast, Dr., discovers a fossil Rue.
Habib-ullah of Khotan.
Habsh (Abash), _see_ Abyssinia.
Hadhramaut (_Sessania Adrumetorum_).
Hadiah.
Haffer.
Hai-nan, Gulf of.
---- language of.
Hairy men in Sumatra.
Hajji Mahomed.
Hakeddin.
Half-breeds, _see_ Argon.
Hamd Allah Mastaufi, the geographer.
Hamilton, Captain Alexander.
Hammer-Purgstall on Marco Polo.
Hamum Arabs.
Hamza of Ispahan.
Hamza Pantsuri, or Fantsuri.
Hanbury, D.
Han-chung (Cuncun).
Hang-chau fu, _see_ Kinsay.
Han dynasty.
---- River.
Hanjam.
Han-kau.
Hansi.
Han Yu.
_Haram_.
Harhaura, W. Panjab.
Harlez, Mgr. de.
_Harmozeia_.
_Harpagornis_, fossil Ruc.
Harran.
Harshadeva, king of Kashmir.
Harsuddi, temple of.
Haru, or Aru.
Hashishin, _see_ Assassins.
Hasik.
Hassan Kala, hot springs at.
Hassan, son of Sabah, founder of the Ismailites.
Hastings, Warren, letter of.
Hatan, rebellion of.
Haunted deserts.
Havret, Father H.
_Hawariy_ (Avarian), the term.
Hawks, hawking in Georgia,
Yezd and Kerman;
Badakhshan;
Etzina;
among the Tartars;
on shores and islands of Northern Ocean
Kublai's sport at Chagannor;
in mew at Chandu;
trained eagles;
Kublai's establishment of;
in Tibet;
Sumatra;
Maabar.
Hayton I. (Hethum), king of Lesser Armenia,
his autograph.
Hazaras, the, Mongol origin of,
lax custom ascribed to.
Hazbana, king of Abyssinia.
Heat, great at Hormuz,
in India.
Heaven, City of (Kinsay).
Hedin, Dr. Sven.
Heibak, caves at.
Height, effects on fire of great.
Heikel, Professor Axel, on Buddhist monasteries in the Orkhon.
Hei-shui (Mongol Etsina) River.
Hel, Ela (Cardamom).
Helena, Empress.
Helli, _see_ Eli.
He-lung Kiang.
Hemp of Kwei-chau.
Henry II., Duke of Silesia.
Henry III.
Heraclius, Emperor,
said to have loosed the shut-up nations.
Herat.
Hereditary trades.
Hereford, Map.
Hermenia, _see_ Armenia.
Hermits of Kashmir.
Herodotus.
Hethum, _see_ Hayton.
Hiai- or Kiai-chau (Caichu?).
Hides (_See_ Leather.).
Hili, Hili-Marawi, _see_ Ely.
Hill-people of Fo-kien, wild.
Hinaur, _see_ Hunawar.
Hind.
Hindu character, remarks on frequent eulogy of.
---- Kush.
Hindus, their steel and iron.
---- in Java.
Hing-hwa, language of.
Hippopotamus' teeth.
Hips, admiration of large.
Hirth, Dr. F.
Hiuan-Tsung, Emperor.
Hiuen Tsang, Dr., a Buddhist monk.
Hochau, in Sze-chwan, Mangku Khan's death at.
---- in Kansuh.
Hochung-fu (Cachanfu).
Hodgson, Mr.
Hoernle, Dr.
Hojos.
Hokien-fu (Cacanfu).
Hokow, or Hokeu.
Holcombe, Rev. C.,
on Hwai-lu;
on Yellow River;
on Pia-chau fu;
on road from T'ung-kwan to Si-ngan fu.
Hollingworth, H.G.
Holy Sepulchre,
oil from lamp of.
Homeritae.
Homi-cheu, or Ngo-ning.
_Homme_, its technical use.
Hondius map.
Ho-nhi, or Ngo-ning (Anin) tribe (_See_ Homi-cheu.).
Hooker, Sir Joseph, on bamboo explosion.
Horiad (Oirad, or Uirad) tribe.
Hormuz (Hormos, Curmosa),
trade with India;
a sickly place;
the people's diet;
ships;
great heat and fatal wind;
crops, mourning customs;
the king of;
another road to Kerman from;
route from Kerman to;
site of the old city;
foundation of;
history of;
merchants;
horses exported to India from;
the Melik of.
---- Island, or Jerun,
Organa of Arian.
Hormuzdia.
Horns of Ovis Poli.
Horoscopes, in China,
in Maabar.
Horse-posts and Post-houses.
Horses, Turkish,
Persian;
of Badakhshan, strain of Bucephalus;
sacrificed at Kaans' tombs;
Tartar;
and white mares;
presented to Kaan on New Year's Day;
of Carajan;
their tails docked;
of Anin;
tracking by;
decorated with Yaks' tails;
now bred in S. India.
---- great trade and prices in importing to India from Persia,
modes of shipment;
from Carajan;
from Anin;
from Kis, Hormuz, Dofar, Soer, and Aden;
Esher;
Dofar;
Calatu.
---- duty on,
captured by pirates;
their extraordinary treatment and diet in India.
Horse-stealing, Tartar laws.
Hosie, A.,
on Ch'eng-tu;
brine-wells of Pai-yen-ching;
on the Si-fan;
on Caindu Lake.
Hospitals, Buddhist.
Hostelries, at Cambaluc,
on the Cathay post-roads;
at Kinsay.
Hot springs in Armenia,
near Hormuz.
Hounds, Masters of Kaan's.
Hours, struck from Cambaluc bell-tower,
at Kinsay;
unlucky;
canonical.
Hsi Hsia dynasty.
_Hsiang-chen, Hsiang_, wood.
Hu-chau fu (Vuju).
Hui-hui, white and black capped, two Mohammedan sects.
Hukaji (Hogachi, Cogachin), Kublai's son.
Hukwan-hien.
Hulaku Khan (Alau, Alacan), Kublai's brother, and founder of Mongol
dynasty in Persia,
war with Barka Khan;
takes Baghdad and puts Khalif to death;
the Ismailites and the Old Man.
---- his treachery,
his descendants;
battle with Barca;
his followers.
Hullukluk, village, near Sivas.
Human fat, used for combustion in war.
---- sacrifices.
Humayun, Emperor.
Humboldt.
Hunawar (Onore, Hinaur).
Hundred Eyes, prophecy of the.
_Hundwaniy_ (ondanique), Indian steel.
Hungary, Hungarians.
Hung Hao, Chinese author.
Hun-ho (Sanghin River).
Hunting equipment and Expedition, Kublai's,
Kang-hi's.
---- preserves. (_See_ also Sport.).
Hutton, Captain.
Hwa-chau.
Hwai-lu, or Hwo-lu-h'ien (Khavailu), the Birmingham of N. Shansi.
Hwai-ngan-fu (Coiganju).
Hwai River.
Hwang-ho (Yellow River),
changes in its courses;
its embankments.
Hwan-ho.
Hyena.
Hyrcania, king of.

Iabadiu.
Ibn-al-Furat.
Ibn Batuta (Moorish traveller, circa A.D. 1330-1350),
his account of Chinese juggling;
his account of Khansa (Kinsay);
of Zayton;
in Sumatra;
on Camphor;
in Ceylon;
at Kaulam;
in Malabar;
sees Rukh;
his account of Maldives;
dog-sledges;
Market in Land of Darkness;
on Silver Mines of Russia.
Ibn Fozlan, _see_ Fozlan.
Ichin-hien.
Ichthyophagous cattle and people.
Icon Amlac, king of Abyssinia.
Iconium (Kuniyah, Conia).
Idolatry (Buddhism) and Idolaters,
in Kashmir;
their decalogue;
Pashai;
Tangut;
Kamul;
Kanchau;
Chingintalas;
Suhchau;
Etzina, their fasting days;
Tartars and Cathayans;
Erguiul;
Egrigaia;
Tenduc;
Chandu;
at Kublai's birthday feast;
Cachanfu;
Kenjanfu;
Acbalec Manzi;
Sindafu;
Tibet;
Caindu;
Yachi;
Carajan;
Zardandan;
Mien;
Caugigu;
Coloman;
Cuiju;
Cacanfu;
Chinangli;
Sinjumatu;
Coiganju;
Paukin;
Tiju;
Nanghin;
Chinghianfu;
Tanpiju;
Chipangu;
Chamba;
Sumatra;
Nicobars;
Mutfili;
Coilum;
Eli;
Malabar;
Tana;
Cambaet;
Semenat;
Far North.
---- Origin of,
of Brahmans;
of Jogis.
Idols, Tartar,
Tangut;
colossal;
of Cathay;
of Bacsi or Lamas;
of Sensin;
of East generally;
in India.
[Greek: Ierodouloi].
Ieu, Gnostics of.
Ifat, Aufat.
Ig, Ij, or Irej, capital of the Shawankars.
Igba Zion, Iakba Siun, king of Abyssinia.
_Ilchi_, commissioner.
Ilchi, modern capital of Khotan.
Ilchigadai Khan.
Ilija, hot springs at.
Ilkhan, the title.
Ilyats, nomads of Persia.
Imams of the Ismailites.
Im Thurn, Everard, on _Couvade_.
Incense, Sumatran,
brown in West India;
white (i.e. frankincense), in Arabia.
India,
horse trade to;
trade to Manzi or China from;
believed to breed no horses;
trade with Persia and Arabia;
western limits of;
islands of;
division of;
sundry lists of States;
trade with Aden and Egypt;
with Arabian ports;
confusion of Ethiopia and.
India, the Greater.
---- its extent.
---- the Lesser.
---- Middle (Abyssinia).
---- remarks on this title.
---- Maxima.
---- Tertia.
---- Superior.
---- Sea of.
Indian drugs to prolong life.
---- geography, dislocation of Polo's.
---- nuts, _see_ Cocoa-nuts.
---- steel (ondanique).
Indies, the Three, and their distribution.
Indifference, religious, of Mongol Emperors.
Indigo, mode of manufacture at Coilum,
in Guzerat;
Cambay;
prohibited by London Painters' Guild.
Indo-China,
States.
Indragiri River.
Infants, exposure of.
Ingushes of Caucasus.
Innocent IV., Pope.
Inscription, Jewish, at Kaifungfu.
Insult, mode of, in South India.
Intramural interment prohibited.
Invulnerability, devices for.
'Irak.
Irghai.
Irish, accused of eating their dead kin.
---- M.S. version of Polo's Book.
Iron, in Kerman,
in Cobinan.
Iron Gate (Derbend Pass), said to have been built by Alexander,
gate ascribed to.
Irtish River.
Isaac, king of Abyssinia.
Isabel, queen of Little Armenia.
Isabeni.
Isentemur (Sentemur, Essentemur), Kublai's grandson.
Ish, the prefix.
'Ishin.
Ish-Kashm,
dialect.
Iskandar, Shah of Malacca.
Islands, of the Indian Sea,
of China;
in the Gulf of Cheinan;
Male and Female.
Isle d'Orleans.
Isle of Rubies (Ceylon).
Ismail, Shah of Persia.
Ismailites, _see_ Assassins.
Ispahan (Istanit, Istan, Spaan), kingdom of Persia.
Israel in China, _see_ Jews.
Iteration, wearisome.
I'tsing.
Ivongo.
Ivory trade.
Izzuddin Muzaffar, suggests paper-money in Persia.

Jacinth.
Jacobite Christians, at Mosul,
at Tauris;
Yarkand;
perhaps in China.
Jacobs, Joseph, Barlaam and Josaphat.
_Jadah_ or _Yadah-Tash_.
Jade stone (jasper) of Khotan.
Jaeschke, Rev. H.A.
Jaffa, Count of, his galley.
Jaipal, Raja.
Jajnagar.
Jalaluddin of Khwarizm.
Jamaluddin-al-Thaibi, Lord of Kais.
Jamaluddin, envoy from Ma'bar to Khanbaligh.
Jambi River.
James of Aragon, king.
Jamisfulah (Gauenispola).
Jamui Khatun,
Kublai's favourite Queen;
her kindness to the captured Chinese princesses.
Jangama sect.
Janibeg, Khan of Sarai.
Japan, _see_ Chipangu.
Japanese paper-money.
Jaroslawl.
_Jase_, stitched vessel.
Jaspar (Gaspar), one of the Magi.
Jasper and chalcedony.
Jatolic, Jathalik, Jaselic, Gathalik ([Greek: katholikos]).
Jauchau.
Jauzgun, former captain of Badakhshan.
Java, the Great,
described;
circuit, empires in;
Kublai's expedition against.
Java, the Greater and Lesser, meaning of these terms.
Java, the Less, _see_ Sumatra.
Jawa, Jawi,
applied by Arabs to islands and products of the Archipelago generally.
Jaya-Sinhavarman II., king of Champa.
Jazirah.
Jehangir (Jehan, Shah).
Jenkinson, Anthony.
Jerun (Zarun), island, site of the later Hormuz.
Jerusalem.
Jesuit maps.
Jesujabus, Nestorian Patriarch.
Jews, their test of Mahomed's prophetic character,
shut up by Alexander;
their connection with the Tartars;
in China, their inscription at Kaifungfu;
in Coilum;
in Abyssinia.
Jibal.
---- Nakus, or "Hill of the Bell," Sinai desert.
Jibal-ul-Thabul, "Hill of Drums," near Mecca.
Jiruft.
Jogis (Chughi).
John XXII., Pope.
Johnson, his visit to Khotan.
Johnston, Keith.
Johore, Sultan of.
Jon (Jihon, or Oxus) River.
Jordanus, Friar.
Jor-fattan (Baliapatan).
Josephus.
Jubb River.
Judi, Mount.
Jugglers, at Khan's feasts,
and gleemen conquer Mien.
Juggling extraordinary.
Juji, eldest son of Chinghiz.
Juju (Cho-chau).
Julman.
Junghuhn, on Batta cannibalism,
on camphor trees.
Junks. (_See_ also Ships.).
Jupar.
Justice, administration of Tartar.
Justinian, Emperor.
Juzgana (Dogana).

Kaan, and Khan, the titles.
Kaan, the Great, _see_ Kublai.
Kaans, the series of, and their burial place,
massacre of all met by funeral party.
Kabul.
_Kachkar (Ovis Vignei)_, wild sheep.
Kadapah.
Kafchi-kue.
Kafirs of Hindu Kush,
their wine.
_Kahgyur_, Tibetan Scripture.
Kahn-i-Panchur.
Kaidu (Caidu) Khan, Kublai's cousin and life-long opponent,
plots with Nayan;
his differences with Kublai;
and constant aggressions;
his death;
his victorious expedition _v._ Kublai;
Kublai's resentment;
his daughter's valour;
sends a host _v._ Abaga.
Kaifung-fu, Jews and their synagogues there,
siege of.
Kaikhatu (Kiacatu), Khan of Persia, seizes throne,
his paper-money scheme;
his death;
his dissolute character.
Kaikhosru I. and III., Seljukian dynasty.
Kaikobad I. and III.
Kaikus, Izz ed-din.
Kail, _see_ Cail.
Kain (Ghain), a city of Persia.
Kaipingfu (Keibung, Kaiminfu, Kemenfu).
Kairat-ul-Arab.
Kais, _see_ Kish.
Kaisariya (Caesaraea, Casaria).
Kajjala, or Khajlak, a Mongol leader.
Kakateya, dynasty.
Kakhyens, Kachyens, tribe in Western Yun-nan.
Kakula.
Kala' Atishparastan (Cala Ataperistan), "The Castle of the
Fire-Worshippers".
Kala' Safed.
Kalajan (Calachan).
Kalamur.
Kalantan.
Kalchi, Kalakchi.
Kales Devar, king of Ma'bar,
his enormous wealth.
Kalgan, or Chang-kia-keu.
Kalhat (Kalhatu, Calatu, Calaiate),
described;
idiom of.
Kalidasa, the poet, on the Yak.
Kalikut.
_Kalin_, marriage prices.
Kalinga.
Kalinjar.
_Kalmia angustifolia_, poisonous.
Kamal Malik.
Kamarah, Komar.
Kamasal (Conosalmi), Kahn-i-asal, "The honey canal".
Kambala, Kublai's grandson.
Kambayat (Cambay).
Kamboja (Chinla).
Kampar, district and River, Buddhist ruins.
Kamul (Komal, Camul), the Mongol Khamil, Chinese Hami.
_Kanat_, or _Karez_, underground stream.
Kanat-ul-Sham (Conosalmi).
Kanauj.
Kanbalu Island.
Kanchau (Campichu).
Kandahar, Kandar, Ghandhara.
Kandy.
Kanerkes, or Kanishka, kingdom,
coins of.
Kang-hi, Emperor.
Kank.
Kanp'u (Ganpu), old Port of Hang-chau.
Kansan, _see_ Shensi.
Kansuh.
Kao Hoshang.
Kao-Tsung, Emperor.
Kao-yu (Cayu).
Kapilavastu.
Kapukada, Capucate.
_Karabugha, Carabya, Calabra_, a military engine.
Kara Hulun.
Karajang (Carajan, or Yun-nan).
Karakash ("black jade") River.
Karakhitaian Empire.
---- Princes of Kerman.
Kara Khoja.
Karakorum (Caracoron).
_Kara Kumiz_, special kind of _Kumiz_.
Karamuren (Caramoran) River, Mongol name for the Hwang-ho, or Yellow River.
_Karana_, meaning of.
Karani (vulgo Cranny).
Karanut, a Mongol sept.
Karaun Jidun, or Khidun.
Karaunahs (Caraonas), a robber tribe.
_Karavat_, an instrument for self-decollation.
Karens.
Karmathian, heretics.
Karnul.
Karrah.
Karra-Manikpur.
Kartazonon, Karkaddan, rhinoceros.
Kasaidi Arabs.
_Kash_, jade.
Kashan.
Kashgar (Cascar),
Chankans of.
_Kashish (Casses)_.
Kashmir (Keshimur),
Buddhism;
beauty of the women;
conjurers;
the language of;
sorcery in.
Kashmiris.
Kasia, people and hills.
Kasyapa Buddha.
Kataghan, breed of horses.
Katar pirates.
Katif.
Kattiawar,
pirates.
Kaulam, _see_ Coilum.
Kaulam-Male.
Kauli (Cauly), Corea.
Kaunchi (Conchi), Khan.
Kaveripattanam.
Kaveri River, delta of.
_Kavir_, saline swamp.
Kavvayi.
Kayal, Kail, _see_ Cail.
---- Pattanam.
---- Punnei.
Kayten.
Kazan.
Kazawinah.
Kazbek.
Kazvin (Casvin).
Keary, C.F.
_Kebteul_, night-watch.
Kehran.
Keiaz tribe.
Keibung (Kaipingfu).
Kelinfu (Kienning-fu), City, its bridges.
Kemenfu, _see_ Kaipingfu.
Kenjanfu (Si-ngan fu).
Keraits, a great Tartar tribe.
Kerala.
Keria, _see_ Kiria.
Keriza River.
Kerman,
route to Hormus from;
steel manufacture, its industries;
king of, Atabeg of;
stitched vessels of;
desert of.
Kerulen (K'i-lien) valley, the Khans' burial-ground.
Keshican (Keshikten), Kublai's life-guard.
Kesmacoran (Kij Makran),
Kij-Makran.
Keuyung Kwan, village.
Khakan, the word.
Khalif (Calif) Mosta'Sim Billah of Baghdad,
taken by Hulaku and starved to death;
plot _v._ the Christians laid by a former--the miracle of the
mountain;
becomes secretly a Christian.
_Khalij_.
_Kham_, stuff made with cotton thread.
Khambavati (Cambay).
Khanabad (Dogana?).
Khan Badshah of Khotan.
Khanbalik, _see_ Cambaluc.
Khanfu.
Khanikoff, N. de (travels in Persia).
_Khanjar-i-Hundwan_, hanger of Indian steel.
_Khan-khanan_, a title.
Khanoolla (Mount Royal), site of Chinghiz's tomb.
Khansa.
Kharesem, Mount.
Khato-tribe.
Khatun-gol, or "Lady's River," i.e. Hwang-ho.
_Khatun_ title of Khan's wives.
Khavailu (Hwo-lu h'ien).
Khazars, the.
Khilak.
Khimka.
Khinsa, Khingsai, Khinzai. (_See_ Kinsay.).
Khitan, Khitai.
---- character.
---- dynasty of Liao.
Khmer.
Khodabanda, Ilkhan of Kerman.
Khojas, name of modern Ismailite sect.
Khorasan, province,
turquoises of.
Khormuzda, supreme deity of the Tartars.
Khotan (Cotan),
fruits;
routes between China and;
buried cities of;
its jade.
Khumbavati (Cambay).
Khumdan.
Khusru, Amir, Indian poet.
Khutuktai Setzen, Prince of the Ordos.
Khwarizm.
Kiacatu, _see_ Kaikhatu.
Kiahing (Ciangan, Canigan).
Kiai- or Hiai-chau (Caichu).
Kiakhta.
Kia-k'ing, Emperor.
Kiang, the Great (Kian and Kian-Suy, and in its highest course Brius,
the Kinsha Kiang),
its vastness, and numerous craft;
steamers on;
its former debouchure to the south, and changes.
Kiang-Che,
limits of.
Kiang-Hung, Xieng-Hung.
Kiangka.
Kiang-mai, Xieng-mai, Zimme.
Kiangshan.
Kiangsi.
Kiang-su.
Kiang-suy (-shui) River.
Kiangtheu.
Kiang-Tung.
Kiao-chi (Tungking), Chinese etymology of.
Kia Tsing, Emperor, a great bridge builder.
Kichau Castle.
Kieh-Ch'a.
K'ien-ch'ang, Kiung-tu (Caindu).
Kien-chau.
Kien-kwe.
Kien-lung, Emperor.
Kien-ning fu (Kelinfu).
Kiepert, _Map of Asia_.
Kij-Makran (Kesmacoran).
Kila'-i-Gabr, "Gueber Castle".
Kilimanchi River.
Kiming shan Mountains, gold and silver mines.
_Kimiz_, _kumiz_ (_kemiz_), mare's milk,--Tartar beverage.
Kin, or Golden Dynasty in N. China,
their paper-money;
story of their Golden King.
Kincha, Chinese name for Kipchak.
Kin-Chi, or Gold-Teeth (Zardandan).
King of the Abraiaman.
---- of England, Kublai's message to,
intercourse with Mongol princes.
---- of France, Kublai's message to.
---- of Spain, Kublai's message to.
---- Rev. C.W.
Kings of Maabar, the five brothers,
their mother's efforts to check their broils.
---- subordinate, or Viceroys, in China.
---- Tartar, of the Ponent.
Kingsmill, T.W.
King-te-chen, porcelain manufacture.
K'ing-yuean (Ning-po).
Kin-hwa fu.
Kinki, Kimkha.
Kinsay (King-sze, or "Capital," Khansa, Khinsa, Khingsai, Khanzai,
Cansay, Campsay),
formerly Lin-ngan now Hang-chau fu;
its surrender to Bayan;
extreme public security;
alleged meaning of the name;
described;
bridges;
hereditary trades, guilds and wealthy craftsmen and their dainty wives;
the lake, islands and garden-houses;
stone-towers--inhabitants' clothing and food;
guards and police regulations;
fires;
alarm towers, paved streets;
revenue;
pavements, public baths, port of Ganfu;
the province and other provinces of Manzi, garrisons;
horoscopes, funeral rites;
palace of the expelled king;
church, house registers;
hostel regulations;
canals;
markets and squares;
fruits and fish shops;
women of the town, physicians and astrologers, courts of justice;
vast consumption of pepper;
inhabitants' character--their behaviour to women and foreigners;
hatred of soldiers;
pleasures on the lake and in carriage excursions;
palace of the king;
the king's effeminacy and ruin;
tides;
plan of;
notices by various writers of;
wealth of;
ships.
Kin-sha Kiang, "River of Golden Sands" (upper branch of Great Kiang,
Brius).
Kinshan, _see_ Golden Island.
Kinto, or Hintu, Mongol general.
Kipchak (Ponent), Southern Russia,
events related by Polo in;
sovereigns;
people of;
extent of empire.
Kirghiz Kazak.
Kirghiz, the.
Kiria.
Kirk, Sir John, and Raphia palm.
Kis, Kish, or Kais (Kisi), now Ghes, or Kem, island in Persian Gulf,
merchants;
described.
Kishik, Kishikan, Kizik, Keshikchi, _see_ Keshican.
Kishm (Casem).
---- or Brakht (Oaracta), island in the Persian Gulf.
Kistna River.
Kitubuka, General.
Kiu-chau.
Kiulan (Quilon), _see_ Coilum.
Kizil Irmak, the.
Kizil River.
Kneeling oxen.
Kobad, the Sassanian.
Kobdo.
Koh-Banan (Cobinan).
Koja (Coja), a Tartar envoy from Persia.
Kokcha River.
_Kok-Tash_, greenstone of Samarkand.
Kolastri, or Kolatiri Rajas.
Ko-li-ki-sze.
Kolkhoi of Ptolemy, identified.
Kollam, _see_ Coilum.
Koloman, _see_ Coloman.
Kolyma, bird-hunting at.
[Greek: Komakon].
Komar.
[Greek: Komaria akron].
Konar tree, Marco Polo's apples of Paradise.
Kondachi.
Konkan, Konkan-Tana.
_Korano_, epithet on Indo-Scythic coins.
_Korea, History of_.
Koresh king.
_Kornish_, or K'o-tow (Khen-theu).
Kosakio, a general against Japan.
Kosseir.
Kotcheres, Kurds of Mosul.
Kotlogh, or Kutlugh, Sultan of Kerman.
Kotlogh Shah, the Chaghataian prince.
Kotrobah Island.
Kouyunjik, sculptures at.
Kozlov, Lieutenant K.P., on the Lob-nor.
Kuang-chou.
Kubenan (Cobinan), a Kuh-banan "Hill of the Terebinths or Wild Pistachios".
Kublai (Cublay), Kaan, the Great Khan,
his envoys meet the two elder Polos;
receives and questions the Polos;
sends them as envoys to the Pope;
his desire for Christian teachers, and for oil from the lamp in the
Holy Sepulchre;
gives them a Golden Tablet;
his reception of the three Polos;
sends Marco on an embassy;
Marco grows in favour;
allows the Polos to depart with Tablets of Authority;
rumour of his death;
sends a napkin of asbestos to the Pope;
his greatness and power;
his milk libations;
his inscription at Shangtu;
Chinghiz's prophecy;
his lineage, age, and accession;
Nayan's revolt;
Nayan's defeat and death;
rebukes anti-Christian gibes;
returns to Cambaluc;
treats four religions with equal respect;
his views on Christianity;
how he rewards his captains;
his personal appearance;
his wives and ladies-in-waiting;
his palace at Cambaluc;
builds Cambaluc city;
his bodyguard;
order of his feasts;
celebration of his birthday;
his distribution of robes;
his New Year's feast;
his elephants;
the _K'o-tow_;
adopts Chinese ancestor-worship;
his game laws;
his hunting establishment;
his masters of hounds;
how he goes a-hunting;
how his year is spent;
Ahmad's influence, oppression, and death;
his treatment of Mahomedans;
his mint and paper-money;
his purchase of valuables;
his twelve great Barons;
his posts and runners;
remission of taxes;
his justice;
a tree planter;
his store of corn;
charity to the poor;
his astrologers;
gaol deliveries, and prohibition of gambling;
his early campaign in Yun-nan;
and the king of Mien and Bangala;
Litan's plot;
sends Bayan to invade Manzi;
his dealings with Bayan;
satisfied with the Polo's mangonels;
appoints Mar Sarghis governor of Chinghian-fu;
the city of Kinsay;
his revenue from Kinsay;
from Zayton;
his expedition against Chipangu (Japan);
sends force against Chamba;
attempts to gain Java;
his death;
sends to buy Ceylon ruby;
sends for religions of Sakya;
testifies to miraculous powers of Sakya's dish;
intercourse with Ma'bar;
with Kaulam;
missions to Madagascar;
Kaidu's wars with him.
---- Khan, territories and people subject to (Turkistan),
(Tangut and Mongolia);
(Tibetan frontier and Yun-nan);
(Western China);
(N. Eastern China);
(Manzi);
(Sinju);
(Caiju);
Chinghian-fu;
(Chinginju);
(Suju);
(Tanpigu);
(Chonka);
(Zayton);
(Chamba);
(Sumatra).
Kuche character.
_Kudatku Bilik_, an Uighur poem.
Kuhistan, or Hill country of Persia.
Kukachin, _see_ Cocachin.
Kukin-Tana.
Kukju (Genkju), Kublai's son.
Kuku-Khotan (Blue Town), depot for Mongolian trade with China.
Ku-kwan, Customs' Barrier.
Kulab, lions in,
Salt Mines.
Kulan, _Asinus Onager_, the Gor Khar of Persia.
Kulasaikera.
Kumar, _see_ Komar.
Kumhari, Kumari, _see_ Comari.
Kumiz, kimiz (kemiz), Mare's milk, Tartar beverage,
sprinkling of.
Kummajar.
Kunburn Monastery.
Kunduz.
_Kunduz_ (beaver or sable).
Kunduz-Baghlan.
Kung-ki-cheng (Fei-ch'eng).
Kungurats, Kunkurats (Ungrat), a Mongol tribe.
_Kunichi_ (Cunichi, or Chinuchi), "The Keepers of the Mastiff Dogs".
Kuniyah (Conia), Iconium, Koniah.
Kunlun (Pulo Condore).
Kurd dynasty.
Kurdistan (Curdistan).
Kurds, the.
Kureh-i-Ardeshir (Kuwashir).
Kuria Maria Islands.
Kuridai, Kublai's son.
_Kurkah_, great drum.
Kurmishi.
Kurshids of Luristan.
_Kurut_ (Curd).
Kus, Cos (in Egypt).
Kushluk, the Naiman.
Kutan, son of Okkodai.
Kutchluk Khan (Buddhist), Chief of the Naimans.
Kutuktemur, Kublai's son.
Kutulun, Princess.
Kuwinji, _see_ Kaunchi.
Kuyuk Khan.
Kwa-chau (Caiju), at mouth of Great Canabon Yang-tse-Kiang.
Kwan Hsien.
Kwansinfu.
Kwawa, i.e. Java, etymology.
Kwei-chau (Cuiju).
Kwei-hwa-ch'eng, or Kuku Khotan.
Kweilei River.
Kyung-sang province.

Lac (Wallachia), Lacz.
Ladies' dresses in Badakhshan.
Ladies of Kinsay.
Lagong.
Lahore (Dalivar, Dilivar).
Lahsa.
Lajwurd mines.
Lake, Caindu.
---- Fanchau.
---- Kinsay.
---- of Palace at Cambaluc.
---- Pleasure parties on.
---- Talifu.
---- Yunnan-fu.
Laknaoti.
Lakshamana Deva, king of Kashmir.
Lamas of Tibetan Buddhism;
their superstitions and rites;
their monasteries;
marriage. (_See_ also Bakhshi.).
Lambri,
kingdom of;
situation of.
Lances of Sago Palm.
Lanchang.
Land of Darkness,
market in.
Langdarma.
Langting Balghasun.
Languages used in Mongol Court and administration.
Lan-Ho.
Lanja Balus, or Lankha balus.
Lanka (Ceylon).
Lan Ki Hien (Nan-Che-hien).
Lanner Falcons.
Lan-tsang kiang (Mekong) River.
Lao-Kiun, or Lao-Tseu, the Philosopher.
Laos, people of.
Lar, or Lat-Desa.
---- province.
Latin version of Polo's Book.
Latins, the term.
Latse, Tibetan for musk.
Lauredano, Agnes.
_Laurus Camphora_.
Lawek, _Lawaki_.
Laxities of marriage customs, _see_ Marriage.
Layard, Mr.
Layas, _see_ Ayas.
---- Gulf of.
Leather,
embroidered mats of Guzerat.
Leaves,
used for plates;
green leaves said to have a soul.
Lecomte on Chinese war vessels.
Lembeser, Ismaelite fortress.
Lenzin.
Leon I., king of Lesser Armenia.
Leon II., king of Lesser Armenia.
Leon III., king of Lesser Armenia.
Leon VI., last king of Lesser Armenia.
Leopards,
taught to sit on horseback;
(Cheetas) kept for the Chase by Kublai.
Lepechin, Professor.
Le Strange, Guy.
Leung Shan.
Levant, term applied by Polo to the kingdom of the Mongol Khans.
Lewchew.
Lewis, _see_ St. Lewis.
Lewis XI. and XII. (France).
Lew-sha, old Chinese name for Lop Desert.
Leyes, _see_ Ayas.
Lhasa,
_Labrang_ Monastery at.
_Li_, Chinese measure,
supposed to be confounded with miles.
Liampo (Ningpo).
Liang, or tael.
Liang-chau in Kansuh.
Liao dynasty.
Liao-tong.
Libanos, [Greek: Libanophoros] and [Greek: libanotophoros chora].
_Libro d'Oro_.
Licinius, Emperor.
Lide (Liti).
Lieuli Ho.
Lign-aloes (eagle-wood),
etymology;
in Sumatra.
Ligor.
_Ligurium_, the precious stone, _Liguire_.
Li H'ien, Tartar ruler of Tangut.
_Likamankwas_ of Abyssinian kings.
Li-kiang fu.
_Limyrica_.
Lindley.
Lindsay, Hon. R.
_Linga_.
Linju.
Lin-ngan (Hang-chau).
Lin-ngan in Yun-nan.
Lintching-y, or Linchinghien.
Lin-t'sing chau.
Lion and Sun.
Lions, black.
---- on the Oxus,
Chinese notion of.
---- (apparently for tigers) kept for the chase by Kublai,
skins of striped;
how hunted with dogs (_See_ also Tigers.).
Lion's Head Tablets.
_Lire_, various Venetian.
---- of gold.
Lisbon.
Lissu, or Lisau tribe.
Litai.
Litan, rebellion of.
Lithang.
Little Orphan Rock.
Liu Pang, founder of 1st Han dynasty.
Liu Pei (Luo Pe), of the Han dynasty.
_Livre des Merveille_.
Livres of gold.
---- Parisis.
---- Tournois.
Li Yuan-hao, founder of the Hsi Hsia dynasty, Tangut.
Lo, tribes of S.W. China so-called.
---- Chinese name of part of Siam.
Lob, _see_ Lop.
Locac, kingdom of.
Lockhart, Dr. W.
_Lokok_.
Lolo tribes.
Longevity of Brahmins and Jogis.
Longfellow.
Lop, city and lake,
desert.
Lophaburi.
Loping.
Lor, _see_ Luristan.
Lord, Dr. Percival.
Loess, brownish-yellow loam.
Loups cerviers (lynx).
Low castes.
Lowatong River.
Loyang, Bridge of.
Luban.
Luban-Jawi.
Luban-Shehri.
Lubbies.
Lucky and unlucky hours and days.
Luddur Deo.
Luh-ho-ta Pagoda, Hang-chau.
Lukon-Kiao (Hun-ho, Pulisanghin River).
Lukyn Port.
Lung-yin.
Luristan (Lor, Lur),
kingdom of Persia;
Great and Little;
character of Lurs or people of.
Lusignan, John de.
Lut, Desert of (Dasht-i-Lut).
Lu-tzu tribe.
Lynxes, trained to hunt,
in Cuncun.

Ma Twan-lin, the Chinese Pliny.
Maaden, turquoise mines at.
Maatum, or Nubia.
Ma'bar (Maabar, i.e. Coromandel coast),
province of India;
its brother kings;
pearl fishery;
etymology;
limits;
obscurity of history;
port visited by Polo;
nakedness of people, king, his jewels;
his wives, "Trusty Lieges," treasure;
horses imported;
superstitious customs;
ox-worship;
Govis, Ib.;
no horses bred;
other customs;
mode of arrest for debt;
great heat;
regard for omens;
astrology, treatment of boys;
birds, girls consecrated to idols;
customs in sleeping;
ships at Madagascar.
Macartney's Map.
Macgregor, Sir C, "Journey through Khorasan".
Machin, city of (Canton).
Machin, Mahachin (Great China),
used by Persian writers as synonymous with Manzi.
Maclagan, Major-General (R.E.).
Madagascar (Madeigascar),
confused with Magadoxo;
etymology;
traces of ancient Arab colonisation.
Madai, Madavi, Maudoy.
Madjgars.
Madar-Des, Eastern Panjab.
Madras.
Madura.
Maestro, or Great Bear, said to be invisible in Sumatra.
Magadha.
Magadoxo, confused with Madagascar.
Magapatana, near Ceylon.
Magi, the three,
legend as told by Mas'udi;
source of fancies about;
names assigned to.
Magic, of Udyana,
Lamaitic, (_See_ also Sorcerers.).
Magical darkness (dry fog and dust storms).
Magnet, Mount.
Magyars.
Mahar Amlak, king of Abyssinia.
Mahavan.
Mahmud Kalhati, prince of Hormuz.
Mahmud of Ghazni.
Mahmudiah Canal.
Mahomed (Mahommet),
his account of Gog and Magog;
his Paradise;
his alleged prophecy of the Mongols;
his use of mangonels.
Mahomed, supposed worship of idols of.
---- II., uses the old engines of war.
---- Tarahi.
---- Tughlak of Delhi, his copper token currency.
---- Shah of Malacca.
Mahomedan revolts in China.
---- conversion of Malacca.
---- conversion of states in Sumatra.
---- butchers in Kashmir.
---- butchers in Maabar.
---- king of Kayal.
---- merchants at Kayal.
---- settlements on Abyssinian coast.
Mahomedans (Saracens),
in Turcomania;
in and near Mausul;
their universal hatred of Christians;
in Tauris;
in Persia;
their hypocrisy about wine;
at Yezd;
Hormuz;
Cobinan;
Tonocain;
Sapurgan;
Taican;
Badakhshan,
Wakhan, etc.;
Kashgar;
strife with Christians in Samarkand;
Yarkand;
Khotan;
Pein;
Charchan;
Lop;
Tangut;
Chingintalas;
Kanchau;
Sinju;
Egrigaia;
Tenduc, their half-breed progeny;
in northern frontier of China, alleged origin of:
their gibes at Christians;
Kublai's dislike of;
in Yun-nan;
in Champa;
in Sumatra;
troops in Ceylon;
pilgrims to Adam's Peak;
honour St. Thomas;
in Kesmacoran;
in Madagascar;
in Abyssinia;
in Aden;
outrage by;
at Esher;
Dufar;
Calatu;
Hormuz;
Ahmad Sultan one.
Mailapur (Shrine of St. Thomas).
Maiman.
_Maistre_, the word.
Maitreya Buddha.
Majapahit, empire of (Java).
Majar (Menjar).
Major, R.H., on Australia.
Makdashan, _see_ Magadoxo.
Malabar, Melibar, Malibar, Manibar,
fleets;
products;
imports, Chinese ships in.
Malacca,
foundation of;
chronology.
Malacca, Straits of.
Malaiur, island and city.
Mal-Amir, or Aidhej.
Malasgird.
Malay Peninsula,
invasion of Ceylon;
chronicle;
language;
origin of many geographical names.
Malayo, or Tana Malayu.
Malcolm, Sir John.
Maldive Islands.
Male in Burma.
Male and Female Islands,
legend widely diffused.
Malifattan.
Malik al Dhahir, king of Samudra.
---- al Mansur.
---- al Salih, king of Samudra.
---- Kafur.
Malli, the.
Malpiero, Gasparo.
Malte-Brun.
Malwa.
Mamaseni.
Mamre, tree of.
Man, barbarians.
Man, Col. Henry.
Manchu dynasty.
Mancopa.
Mandale in Burma.
Mandarin language.
Mangalai, third son of Kublai,
his palace.
Mangalore.
Mangla and Nebila Islands.
Mangonels made by Polos for attack of Saianfu,
etymology;
account of;
a barbarous lubricant for.
Mangu (Mangku, Mongu) Khan,
Kublai's elder brother;
his death;
reign;
massacre at his funeral.
Mangu-Temur (Mungultemur).
Manjanik (Manjaniki).
---- Kumgha.
Manjanikis (Mangonellas). (_See_ Mangonels.).
Manji, _see_ Manzi.
Manjushri, Bodhisatva.
Manphul, Pandit.
Mansur Shah.
Mantze, Man-tzu, Mantszi, Aborigines.
Manuel, Comnenus, Emperor.
Manufactures, Kublai's.
Manuscripts of Polo's Book.
Manzi (Facfur), king of,
his flight;
his charity;
his effeminacy;
his death;
his palace at Kinsay.
(_See_ Faghfur.)
---- (Mangi) province,
White City of the Frontier;
entrance to;
conquest of;
character of the people;
its nine kingdoms, 1200 cities and squares;
its bamboos;
no sheep in;
dialects;
called Chin;
ships and merchants in India,
---- queen of,
surrenders;
her report of Kinsay.
Map, constructed on Polo's data,
Hereford;
Roger Bacon's;
Marino Sanudo's;
Medicean;
Catalan;
Fra Mauro's;
Ruysch's;
Mercator's;
Sanson's.
Mapillas, or Moplahs.
Maps, allusions to, in Polo's book,
early mediaeval;
of the Arabs;
in the palace at Venice.
Marabia, Maravia, Maravi.
Marah Silu.
Maramangalam, site of Kolkhoi.
Marash.
Maratha.
Mardin (Merdin).
Mare's milk, _see_ Kumiz.
Margaritone.
Marignolli, John.
Market days.
Markets in Kinsay.
---- Squares in Kinsay.
Marks of Silver.
Marriage customs in Khotan.
---- customs in Kanchau.
---- customs of the Tartars.
---- (posthumous) amongst Tartars.
---- laxities of different peoples.
---- laxities in Thibet.
Mar Sarghis.
Marsden's edition of Polo.
Martin, Dr. Ernest, of French Legation at Pekin.
Martini,
his _Atlas Sinensis_;
his account of Kinsay.
Martyrs, Franciscan.
_Masalak-al-Absar_.
Mashhad (Meshed), or Varsach River.
Mashiz.
Maskat.
Mastiff Dogs, Keepers of the.
Mastiffs of Tibet, _see_ Dogs.
Mastodon, bogged.
Mas'ud II., Ghiath ed-din-Seljuk dynasty.
Mas'udi.
Masulipatam.
Matchlocks, manufacture at Kerman,
at Taianfu.
Ma-t'eu (Matu).
Mati Dhivaja, _see_ Bashpah Lama.
Matitanana.
Matityna (Martinique).
Maetzner, Eduard.
Maundevile, Sir John (John a Beard),
on lying in water;
Cloths of Tartary;
Trees of the Sun;
Dry Tree;
his Book of Travels;
English version;
his tomb.
Maung Maorong, or Pong, Shan kingdom.
Mauro, Fra, his map.
Mausul (Mosul), kingdom of.
_Mauvenu_ (Malvennez), the phrase.
Mayers, W.F.
Mayhew, A.L., on _Couvade_.
Mazanderan, province.
_Mecchino_, Ginger.
Medressehs at Sivas.
Mekhitar.
Mekong River (Lan-tsang kiang).
Mekran, often reckoned part of India.
Mekranis.
Melchior, one of the Magi.
Melibar, _see_ Malabar.
Melic, the title.
Melons, dried, of Shibrgan.
Menangkabau.
Mendoza.
Menezes, Duarte.
Mengki, envoy to Java.
Menjar (Majar?).
Menuvair and Grosvair.
Merghuz Boiruk Khan.
Merkit (Mecrit, Mescript), a Tartar tribe.
Meshid (more correctly Mashhad).
Messengers, Royal Mongol.
Mexico.
Meyer, Paul, _Alexandre le Grand_.
Miafarakain.
Miau-tzu.
Mien, Amien, Ava (Burma), king of,
his battle with Tartars;
City of;
its gold and silver towers;
how it was conquered;
communications and war with Mongols;
Chinese notices.
Mikado.
Military engines of the Middle Ages,
dissertation on;
two classes;
_Trebuchets_;
Balista;
shot used, carrion, live men, bags of gold;
_Mangonel_;
Napoleon's experiments with heavy shot;
size and accuracy;
length of range (Sanudo on);
effect of Mangonel on Saracens;
procured by Kublai for siege of Siang-yang;
Chinese and Persian histories on;
known to Mongols and Chinese;
the _Karabugha_, or _Calabra_;
the _P'ao_.
Milk, portable, or curd.
Milk, rite of sprinkling Mare's.
Million, use of the numeral.
Millione, Millioni, nickname for Polo and his book.
Millioni, Corte del.
Milne.
Minao district.
Mines and Minerals, _see_ Iron, Silver, etc.
Minever, _see_ Menuvair.
Ming, the Chinese dynasty which ousted the Mongols, A.D. 1368,
their changes in Peking;
their paper-money;
their effeminate customs;
expeditions to India;
annals.
Mingan, Khan's Master of Hounds.
Ming-ti, Emperor.
Minjan, dialect of.
Minotto, Professor A.S.
Min River (in Fokien).
---- River (in Szech'wan).
Mint, the Khan's.
Mintsing-hien.
Mious River.
Miracle Stories,
fish in Lent;
Mountain moved;
St. Barsamo's girdles;
Holy Fire;
Stone at Samarkand;
at St. Thomas' Shrine.
Mirat.
_Mire_ French for leech.
Mirkhond.
Mirobolans.
_Miskal_, a weight. (_See_ also Saggio.).
_Misri_, sugar-candy.
Missionary Friars, powers conferred on,
in China in 14th century.
---- Martyrs.
Moa of New Zealand.
Modhafferians, the.
Modun Khotan ("Wood-ville").
Moghistan.
Mohammed, son of Yusuf Kelefi, founder of Shiraz.
Mohammerah.
Mohiuddin.
Mokli, the Jelair.
Molayu.
Molebar, _see_ Malabar.
Molephatan.
Moliere, _Pastorale Comique_.
Moluccas.
Mombasa.
Momein.
Monasteries of Idolaters (Buddhists).
Money, paper.
---- values.
Mongol conquests,
capture Soldaia;
Bolghar;
treachery and cruelty;
their inroads;
Bakh city;
invade Balakhshan;
invasion of Poland and Silesia.
Mongon Khan, _see_ Mangu.
Mongotay (Mangkutai), a Mongol officer.
Monkeys,
passed off as pygmies.
Monks, idolatrous. (_See_ Monasteries.).
Monnier, Marcel, his visit to Karakorum,
on the Ch'eng-tu Suspension Bridge.
Monoceros and Maiden, legend of.
Monophysitism.
Monsoons.
Montecorvino, John, Archbishop of Cambaluc.
Monte d'Ely.
Montgomerie, Major T.G. (R.E.) (Indian Survey),
on fire at great altitudes;
position of Kashgar and Yarkund.
Monument at Si-ngan fu, Christian.
Moon, Mountains of the.
Moore, _Light of the Harem_.
Moplas, _see_ Mapillas.
Morgan, E. Delmar.
Mortagne, siege of.
_Morus alba_, silk-worm tree.
Moscow, Tartar Massacre at.
Mosolin, or Muslin (Mosolini), _Mo-sze_, Arab Maucili.
Mossos, a tribe.
Mosta'sim Billah, last Abbaside Khalif of Baghdad,
story of his avarice and death.
_Mostocotto_.
Mosul (Mausul).
Motapalle, _see_ Mutfili.
Motawakkil, Khalif.
Moule, Bishop G.E.
Mount, Green, in Palace grounds at Peking.
---- St Thomas.
---- D'Ely, _see_ Monte d'Ely.
Mountain, Old Man of the, _see_ Old Man of the.
---- Miracle of the.
---- Road in Shensi, extraordinary.
Mourning customs,
at Hormuz;
in Tangut;
at Kinsay.
Mozambique Channel.
Muang, term applied in Shan countries (Laos and W. Yunnan) to fortified.
towns, as:--
Muang-Chi;
Muang, or Maung Maorong;
Muang Shung;
Muang Yong.
Mulahidah (Mulehet, Alamut, Chinese Mulahi), epithet of Ismaelites.
Mulberry Trees.
Mul-Java.
Mueller, F.W.K.
Mueller, Professor Max,
on _Couvade_;
on stories of Buddha and St. Josafat.
Multan.
Munal pheasant (_Lopophorus impeyanus_), described by Aelian.
Mung (_Nicaea_).
Mungasht, hill fort, stronghold of the Atabegs.
Mungul, name applied to Tartars. (_See_ Mongol.).
Mungul-Temur and Mongo-Temur, _see_ Mangu-Temur.
Murad Beg, of Kunduz.
Murghab River.
Murray, Dr. J.A.H., on _Couvade_.
---- Hugh.
Murus Ussu (Brius, Upper Kiang).
Mus, Merdin (Mush, Mardin).
Musa'ud, Prince of Hormuz.
Musk, animal (Moschus).
---- earliest mention of and use in medicine.
Muslin, _see_ Mosolin.
Mutfili (Motapalle for Telingana),
its diamonds;
identified.
Muza.
Mynibar.
Mysore.
Mystic number, _see_ Numbers.

Nac, Nasich, Naques (Nakh), a kind of brocade.
_Nachetti_, silk stuff interwoven with gold.
_Nakhut_, gold brocade.
Nakkara (Naccara, Nacaires), the great kettledrum signalling action.
_Nakshatra_.
Nalanda.
Nan-Chao, formerly Ai-Lao, Shan dynasty in Yun-nan.
Nancouri.
Nanghin (Ngan-king).
Nangiass, Mongol name of Manzi.
Nankau, archway in Pass of, with polyglot inscription.
Nanking, not named by Polo.
Nanwuli.
Naobanjan.
Naoshirwan.
Naphtha in the Caucasian country.
---- Fire used in war by the Karaunahs.
Napier, Sir C.
Napoleon III.,
his researches and experiments on mediaeval engines of war.
Narikela-Dvipa.
Narin-Kaleh, fortress.
Narkandam, volcanic island.
Narsinga, King of.
Narwhal tusk, mediaeval Unicorn's Horn.
Nasich, _see_ Nac.
Nasruddin (Nescradin), officer in the Mongol Service.
Nassir-uddin, Mahmud, Sultan of Delhi.
Natigay, Tartar idol.
Nava-Khanda, or Nine Divisions of Ancient India.
Navapa (Lop?).
Naversa (ancient Anazarbus), in Cilicia, under Taurus.
Nayan, Kublai's kinsman, his revolt,
Kublai marches against;
routed in battle;
put to death by Kublai.
earchus at Hormuz.
Nebila and Mangla islands.
Nebuchadnezzar.
Necklaces, precious.
Necuveran, _see_ Nicobar.
Negapatam, Chinese Pagoda at.
Negroes described.
Negropont.
Nellore.
Nemej, Niemicz ("Dumb"), applied to Germans by Slavs.
Nerghi, Plain of.
_Neri_ (pigs).
Nescradin, _see_ Nasruddin.
_Nesnas_ (a goblin).
Nestorian Christians, at Mosul,
Tauris;
Kashgar;
Samarkand;
Yarkand;
Tangut;
Kamul;
Chingintalas;
Sukchur;
Kampichu, Kan-chau;
their diffusion in Asia;
among the Mongols;
Erguiul and Sinju;
Egrigaia;
Tenduc;
China;
Yachi, or Yun-nan fu;
Cacanfu;
Yang-chau;
one in Polo's suite;
churches at Chinghianfu;
church at Kinsay;
at St. Thomas;
Patriarch of;
Metropolitan.
Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople.
Nevergun Pass.
New Year Festival at Kublai's Court.
Neza Tash Pass.
Ngan-king (Nanghin).
Ngan-ning-ho River.
Ngantung, Mongol general.
Ngo-ning, or Ho-nhi.
Nia (ancient Ni-jang), in Khotan.
Nias Island.
Nibong Palm.
Nicaea of Alexander.
Nicholson, Edward B.
Nicobar (Necuveran) Islands,
etymology and people.
Nicolas of Pistoia.
Nicolas, Christian name of Ahmad Sultan.
---- Friar, of Vicenza.
Nicolas IV., Pope.
Nieuhoff.
Nigudar (Nogodar), Mongol princes.
Nigudarian bands.
Nilawar (Nellore).
Nile, sources of.
Nileshwaram.
_Nimchah Musulman_, "Half-and-Halfs".
Nine, auspicious number among Tartars.
Nine Provinces (India),
(China).
Ning-hsia, or hia (Egrigaia).
Ningpo.
Ning-yuan fu.
Niriz, steel mines of.
Nirvana, figures of Buddha in.
Nishapur.
Niuche (Yuche), Chinese name for the Churches or race of Kin Empire.
Noah's Ark in Armenia.
Nobles of Venice,
Polo's claim to be one.
Nochdarizari, mountains north of Kabul.
Nogai Khan,
his intrigues and wars;
his history;
wars with Toctai.
Nogodar (Nigudar), King of the Caraonas, story of.
Nomad tribes of Persia.
Nomogan (Numughan), Kublai's son.
None, _Nono, Nuna_, title given to younger brothers or subordinate
princes
North, regions of the Far.
North Star, _see_ Pole-Star.
Note Book, Polo's.
Novgorod.
Nubia, St. Thomas,
alleged use of elephants in.
Nukdaris, tribe west of Kabul.
Nuksan Pass.
Numbers, mystic or auspicious,
Nine;
one hundred and eight.
_Nuna, see_ None.
Nusi-Ibrahim.
Nutmegs.
Nyuche, or Churche, race of Kin Emperors, _see_ Niuche.

Oak of Hebron, _see_ Terebinth.
Oaracta (Kishm, or Brakht).
Obedience of Ismaelites, extraordinary.
Obi River.
Observatory at Peking.
Ocean Sea,
other seas, parts of.
Ocoloro Island.
Odoric, Friar,
on Kinsay;
on Fu-chau;
Zayton;
Java;
Champa;
Sumatra;
on sago tree;
on products of Ceylon;
St. Thomas's;
Pepper Forest;
brazil-wood;
Thana.
Oger, the Dane.
Ogotai Khan, _see_ Okkodai.
Oil from the Holy Sepulchre,
fountain of (Naphtha) at Baku;
whale.
---- head (Capidoglio, or Sperm whale).
---- walnut and Sesame.
Oirad, or Uirad (Horiad), a great Tartar tribe.
Okkodai Khan, third son of Chinghiz.
Olak, Illuk, Aulak, _see_ Lac.
Old Man of the Mountain (Aloadin),
his envoys to St. Lewis;
account of;
how he trained his Assassins;
the Syrian;
his subordinate chiefs;
his end;
modern representative.
Oljaitu Khan, his correspondence with European princes,
his tomb.
Oman.
Omens, much regarded in Maabar,
by the Brahmans.
Onan Kerule, near Baikal.
Ondanique (fine kind of steel), Andaine, Andanicum, Hundwaniy,
in Kerman;
Chingintalas.
Oppert, Dr. Gustavus, Book on Prester John, _Der Presbyter Johannes in
Sage und Geschichte_.
Orang Gugu.
Orang Malayu River.
_Or Batuz_.
Orbelian, John, identified by Bruun with Prester John.
Ordos, the Mongols of.
Organa (Jerun), Persian Gerun.
Oriental phrases in Polo's dictation.
Orissa.
Orkhon River.
Orleans, defence of.
---- Isle d'.
_Orloks_, or Marshals of the Mongol Host.
Oroech.
_Oron_, Mongol for a region or realm.
_Orphani_, strange customs of the.
_Osci_, the word.
Ostriches.
Ostyaks.
Otto, Bishop of Freisingen.
Oulatay (Uladai), Tartar envoy from Persia.
_Ovis Poli_, _see_ Sheep.
_Oweke_, _see_ Ucaca.
Owen, Professor.
Owen, Rev. Gray, on the Lolos.
_Owo_, Mongol for Musk.
Oxen, humped, in Kerman,
wild, shaggy (Yaks).
---- wild (_Beyamini_),
in East Tibet;
Burma;
in Bengal;
Anin;
worshipped;
figures of, worn.
Oxenham, _Atlas_.
Oxydracae, the.
_Oxyrhynchus_.
Oxus Valley and River.
_Ozene_.

Pacamuria (Baccanor).
Pacauta! (an invocation).
Pacem, _see_ Pasei.
Paddle-wheel barges.
Paderin, Mr., visits Karakorum.
Padishah Khatun of Kerman.
Padma Sambhava.
Pagan (in Burma),
ruins at;
empire of.
---- Old (Tagaung).
Pagaroyang, inscriptions from.
Paggi Islands.
Pagodas, Burmese,
alleged Chinese in India.
Pahang.
Pai, or Peyih tribe.
Paipurth (Baiburt).
Pai-yen-ching.
_Paizah_, or Golden Tablet of Honour.
---- and _Yarligh_.
Pakwiha, China ware.
_Pala_, a bird.
Palace of Khan at Chagannor,
at Chandu (Shangtu);
of cane;
at Langtin;
Cambaluc;
on Green Mount;
at Kenjanfu (Si-ngan fu);
of the Empire of Manzi at Kinsay;
in Chipangu, paved and roofed with gold.
Palembang.
_Paliolle, Or de_, for gold dust.
Palladius, the Archimandrite.
Palm (Measure).
Palm Wine, _see_ Wine of Palm.
Pamier (Pamir), Plain of,
its wild sheep;
great height;
pasture, etc.;
described by Hiuen Tsang, Wood, Goes, Abdul Mejid, Colonel Gordon and
others;
Dr. M.A. Stein on;
Lord Curzon on number of.
Pan-Asiatic usages.
Pandarani, or Fandaraina.
Pandit Manphul.
Pandrethan in Kashmir, Buddhist temple at.
Pandyan kings.
Panja River, or Upper Oxus.
Panjab.
Panjkora.
Panjshir.
Pantaleon, coins of.
Panthe, or Mahomedan Kingdom in Yun-nan.
Panya (or Pengya), in Burma.
Pao-ki h'ien.
Paonano Pao.
Pape, Papesifu.
Paper-money (Chao), Kublai's made from bark,
modern. (_See_ also Currency.).
Papien River.
Paquier, Professor.
Paradise, Apples of.
---- in legend of the Cross.
---- of Persia.
---- of the Old Man of the Mountain,
destroyed.
---- Rivers of.
Parakrama Bahu I.
Paramisura, founder of Malacca.
_Parapomisadae_.
_Parasol_.
Paravas.
Parez, Pariz, turquoise mines of.
---- falcons of.
Pariahs (_Paraiyar_),
etymology of.
Parker, E.H.
Parlak, or Perlak, _see_ Ferlec.
---- Tanjong.
Parliament, Tartar.
Parpa iron mines.
Parrot, Professor, first to ascend Mount Ararat.
Parrots.
Partridges,
black;
Jirufti;
great (Chakors);
in mew. (_See_ also Francolin.).
Parwana, a traitor eaten by the Tartars.
Paryan silver mines.
Pascal of Vittoria, Friar.
Pasei, Pacem (Basma), a kingdom of Sumatra.
---- Bay of.
---- History of.
Pasha-Afroz.
Pasha and Pashagar tribes.
Pashai,
what region intended.
---- Dir.
Passo (or Pace), Venetian.
Patarins, heretics.
_Patera_, debased Greek, from Badakhshan.
Patlam.

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