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The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries by Richard Hakluyt

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--Sent to Man
INGULPH colonizes Iceland
INNOCENTIUS IV, mentioned
IONA, mentioned
IOUGHORIA, mentioned
IPSWICH, mentioned
IRELAND, invaded by Bertus
--Invaded by Magnus
--Conquered by John
--By Arthur
--Sends Ambassadors
--Mentioned
--Conquered by Malgo
ISOCRATES, quoted
IUNGINGEN, Conrad de, mentioned
IUNGINGEN, Ulrich de, mentioned

JACKMAN, Charles, mentioned
JAMES, Doctor, assists Hakluyt
JAPAN, mentioned
JAPANESE in England
JAVA, treaties with
JENKINSON, Anthony, mentioned
--Assists Hakluyt
--His narrative
JERUSALEM, Britains at Siege of
JERUSLAUS, marries Harold's daughter
JOHN, King, confers privileges on foreigners
--Conquers
Ireland
--Mentioned
JOHN, Pope, confers privileges on Canute
JOHNSON, Richard, mentioned
JONAS, Arngrimus, HIS COMMENTARIE OF ICELAND
--Biographical notice
JOSEPH of Arimathea, buried at Glastonbury
JUSTUS, Bishop
JUTLAND, mentioned

KENT, mentioned
KERWARY, Isle of, mentioned
KINGSTON-UPON-HULL, Guild of Navigation founded at
--Mentioned
KIRKWALL, Haco buried at
KNEVETT, Sir Henry, Agent for Henry VIII
KRANTZIUS, mentioned
--Confuted

LACY, Hugo de, invades Ulster
LACY, Walter de, defeats De Courcy
LAGMAN, mentioned
LAMBERT'S [Greek: Archaionomia] quoted
--His Perambulations of
Kent quoted
--The History of the Cinque Ports
LANGLAND, mentioned
LAPLAND coasted
--Mentioned
LATHYRUS, mentioned
LAYLAND, mentioned
LEINSTER, mentioned
LEO, Joachim, criticised
LETTO, King of, conquered
LEWES, Isle of, conquered
--Mentioned
LIBEL, Law of, in Iceland
LIEFLAND, visited by Horsey
--Mentioned
LINNA, Nicholas de, mentioned
--ACCOUNT OF HIS
VOYAGES TO THE NORTH
LISTER, Christopher, mentioned
LITHUANIA, mentioned
--Described
LIVERE DE REIS DE ENGLETERRE, MS., quoted
LOGLEN, Deputy in Man
LOMBARDS, mentioned
LOMBARDY, mentioned
LONDON, famous for Commerce
--Its importance
under the Saxons
--Under Stephen
LOT, King, submits to Arthur
LUMLEY, Lord, his Library
LUZONES, Englishmen landing on
LYNN (Norfolk), mentioned
MACMARRAS, slain
MADEIRA, mentioned
MLSTROM, described
MAGELLAN, Straits of, Englishmen passing through
MAGNUS, King of Norway
--Opens coffin of St Olave
MALCOLM, King of Scotland, dies
MALGO, mentioned
--THE CONQUESTS OF
MALMESBURY, William of, quoted
--His ACCOUNT OF THE TREATY BETWEEN CHARLEMAGNE AND OFFA
--HIS ACCOUNT OF LONDON UNDER STEPHEN
MALTA, English at
MALVASIUS, King, sends Ambassadors to Arthur
MAN, Isle of, conquered
--Chronicles of, mentioned
--CONQUEST OF, BY EDWIN
--CHRONICLE OF THE KINGS OF
--Transferred to Scotland
MANCHESTER, mentioned
MANGUCAN, Emperor of Tartary
MANGUSLA, mentioned
MARE'S Milk
MARGARET of Scotland, mentioned
MARY, Queen, grants patent to Muscovy Company
MEDIA, English in
MEDITERRANEAN, mentioned
MEERE, mentioned
MELLITUS, Bishop of East Saxons
MERCATOR, mentioned
--Quoted
MERCHANTS, raised in rank for thrice crossing the sea
--Ancient customs of
--Arrested by Haco
MEXICO, English in
MEXICO, Gulf of, visited by Hawkins
MICHL, Bishop of the Isles
MOLLINEUX, his map mentioned
MOLUCCAS, Treaties with
--Sir Francis Drake visits
MONMOUTH, Geoffrey de, quoted
--His ACCOUNT OF ARTHUR
--HIS ACCOUNT OF MALGO
MOROCCO, English in
MORSES
MOSCOW, English at
MOSKOWA (River), mentioned
MULCASTER, Richard, Eulogy of Hakluyts Collection
MUNCH, P. A., quoted
MUNSTER, mentioned
--Confuted
MUSCOVY Company, mentioned
--Receives patent from Queen Mary

NADDODR, mentioned
NAVARRE, mentioned
NAVIGATION, Lecture on, suggested
--Founded by Charles V.
NECO, King of Egypt, mentioned
NEPOS, Cornelius, mentioned
NERO, mentioned
NETHERLANDS Company formed
NEWCASTLE-UPON TYNE, Guild of Navigation founded at
--Mentioned
NIALUS, mentioned
NICHOLAS, Bishop of the Isles
NOBLE (coin)
NOMBRE DE BIOS, visited by Drake
NORTHBERN, mentioned
NORTH CAPE, doubled
NORTHUMBERLAND, mentioned
NORTH WEST PASSAGE
NORWAY, mentioned
--Submits to Arthur
--Conquered by Malgo
--Described
NOVA ZEMBLA, mentioned
NOVGOROD, mentioned

OBDOLOWCAN, King of Hircan, mentioned
OBI (River), mentioned
O'BRIEN, Murecardus, King of Ireland
--Forced to carry
shoes of Magnus
OCCA (River), mentioned
OCCLEVE, Thomas, THE EPISTLE OF CUPID attributed to
OCTHER, mentioned
--His VOYAGE TO THE NORTH EAST
--HIS VOVAGE INTO THE SOUND Of DENMARK
OFFA, TREATY WITH CHARLEMAGNE
O'FOGOLT, Viscount of Man
OLAVE, mentioned
--His coffin opened
--Appears to Magnus
OLAVUS MAGNUS, mentioned
--Confuted
OLAVUS, son of Godred Crouan
--King of Man
--Detailed biography
OLDYS, quoted
ONEGA (River) mentioned
ORKNEYS, conquered by Magnus
--Submit to Arthur
--Conquered by Malgo
--Mentioned
ORMOND, Earl of, mentioned
ORMUZ, Englishmen at
ORTELIUS, quoted
--Mentioned
OSEP NAPEA, Russian Ambassador
OSMAN, Basha, mentioned
OSWALD, Bishop, mentioned
OTHOR, Earl, slain
OTTO Frisingensas, quoted
OVID, quoted
OXNAM, John, crosses Isthmus of Darien
OXUS (River), visited by Jenkinson

PACIFIC, first visited by English
PAGORELLA, Pheodata, Russian Ambassador
PAULINUS, converts Northumbrians
PAY, Henry, defeats the French
PECHORA (Gulf), mentioned
PEEL (Man), mentioned
PEMBROKE, Richard, Earl of, invades Ireland
PEROSLAF, English at
PERSIA, Elizabeth's communications with
PERSIAN GULF, Englishmen on
PERU, Englishmen in
PETT, Arthur, mentioned
PETZORA. (_See Pechora_).
PEUCER, Casper, mentioned
--Quoted
PEVENSEY, mentioned
PHOENICIANS, circumnavigate Africa
PHEODOR, Emperor of Russia
PHILLIPPINES, inhabitants at, in England
--Mentioned
PHISEMSKI, Pheodor, Russian Ambassador
PIGAFETTA, Marco Antonio, his eulogy of Hakluyt
PLATE (River), Englishmen at
PLATO, quoted
PLINY, quoted
--Mentioned
PLUTARCH, quoted
--Mentioned
POLAND, mentioned
POLICY, THE PROCESS OF THE LIBEL OF
--Eulogised
--Quoted
POLITIA, (_See Policy_)
POMERANIA, mentioned
POMERLAND, (_See Pomtrenia_)
PONTANUS, quoted
POPILINIERE, quoted
PORTO SANTO, mentioned
PORTUGAL, mentioned
PREFACE, Editors
--To first edition, To second edition
PRISAGE
PROPERTIUS, quoted
PROUENCE, mentioned
PRUSSIA, mentioned
--Grand Masters of
PTOLOMY, quoted

QUENELAND, mentioned

RADEVIEUS Frisingensis, quoted
RALEIGH, Sir Walter, assists in compiling this Collection
--Plants colonies in Virginia
RAMSEY (Man), taken by Godred Crouan
--Conspiracy at
--Battle of
RANDOLPH, Ambassador to Russia
REGINALD, Bishop of the Isles
REGINALD, Son of Eacmarcat, invades Man
REGINALD, Son of Olavus, usurps Kingdom of Man
--King of Man
--Detailed biogragraphy
REIN-DEER
RHINFRIN, or RENFREW, mentioned
RICHARD, Bishop of Sodor
RICHARD II, his treaties with the Great Masters of Prussia
RICHMOND (Yorkshire), mentioned
RIGA, visited by Horsey
ROCHESTER, mentioned
ROE, mentioncd
ROGNOLPWAHT (_See Peel_)
ROMNEY
ROMULUS, mentioned
ROSTOFF, English at
ROSTOK, visited by Horsey
--Mentioned
ROYAL Exchange, founded
RUBRIEIS, William de, his journey
RUDULPH, King, confers pnvileges on Canute
RUSHEN or Russin, Abbey of, founded
--Grant of land to
--Removed to Douglas
RUSSIA, mentioned, 11, 17, 24
RYE

SAINT DUNSTAN, mentioned
SAINT HELENA, English at
--Mentioned
SAINT JAMES, Legend of
SAINT LOUIS, mentioned
SAINT MARY'S, Abbey of, founded
SAINT NICHOLAS (Bay), mentioned
SAINT PATRICK (Armagh), burial place of Magnus
SAINT PATRICK, Isle of, taken by Magnus
SAINT THOMAS, Isle of, mentioned
SALOMON, a mistake for _Stephen_, King of Hungary
SALT, scarcity of, in Iceland
SAMOEDIA, mentioned
SAMOGITIA, mentioned
SANDERSON, William, mentioned
SANDWICH, mentioned
SANTA CRUZ, English at
SANTWAT (Man), battle of
SARTACH, Duke of Tartary
SAXO GRAMMATIEUS, mentioned
--HIS ACCOUNT OF THE
MARRIAGE OF HAROLD'S DAUGHTER TO JERUSLAUS
--Confuted
SAXONS, cross the seas
--Mentioned
SCACAFELL (Man)
SCARBOROUGH, mentioned
SCIPIO AFRICANUS, mentioned
SCIPIO (the Elder), quoted
SCIRINGS HALI, mentioned
SCONIE, mentioned
SCOTLAND, mentioned
SEALS, Capture of, in Iceland
SEMELAND, mentioned
SENECCA, quoted
SENEGAL, English in
SEVILLE, Lecture on Navigation at
SHAHRAM, visited by Jenkinson
SHALLY MURZEY, mentioned
SHAMAKY, visited by Jenkinson
SHEFFIELD, Lady, mentioned
SHELISUR, mentioned
SIDNEY, Sir Philip, fellow-student of Hakluyt
SIGISMUND, Emperor
SILLAND, mentioned
SMOLENSK, visited by Alcock
SOLIMUS, mentioned
SOUTHAM, mentioned
SOUTHAMPTON, mentioned
SPAIN, mentioned
SPARKE, mentioned
STAFFORD, Sir Edward, mentioned
STAMFORD BRIDGE, Battle of
STAPER, Richard, assists Hakluyt
STAPLE ordained for wool
STEPHEN, trade under
STEPHEN the Holy
STILYARD, the, mentioned
STRABO, quoted
--Mentioned
SUETONIUS, mentioned
SUEZ, Isthmus of, mentioned
SUMERLED, his wars with Godred
--Marries his daughter
--His sons quarrel
SUN, eclipsed
SWEDEN, mentioned
SWERRO, mentioned
SYRRIE, mentioned

TACITUS, quoted
TARTARS take an Englishman prisoner
--Visited by two friars
TAURICA CHERSONESUS, mentioned
TENERIFFE, mentioned
THAMAS, Shah, mumoned
THEOPHRASTUS, quoted
THORLACIUS GUDBRANDUS, Introduction to Arngrinus Jonas's Commentary on
Iceland
--A LETTER TO THE REV HUGH BRANCHAIN
THULE, identical with Iceland
TINGUALLA, (_See Tynwald Mount_)
TIRIVIL, mentioned
TITUS, mentioned
TONESBERG, mentioned
TOSTI mentioned
TOULOUSE, mentioned
TRIPOLIS, Elizabeth's communications with
TRUSCO, mentioned
TUERDICO, Stephen, Russian Ambassador
TUNIS, English at
TURBEVILLE, George, mentioned
TURKEY, Elizabeths communications with
--Mentioned
TYCHO BRAHE, mentioned
TYNE (River)
TYNEMOUTH CASTLE, mentioned
TYNWALD MOUNT, Battle of

URGENCE, mentioned
URRY, quoted,

VAIGATZ, Isles of, mentioned
VANDALS, mentioned
VENICE, mentioned
VESPASIAN, mentioned
VESUVIUS, mentioned
VIRGIL, quoted
VIRGINIA, English colonies in
VIVIANUS, marries Godred to Rhingola
VOBSKO, visited by Horsey
VOLGA, English on the
VOLOGDA, English at
VORTIPORIUS, mentioned

WALES, Princce of, voyage to North West
WALPOLE, Horace mentioned
WALSINGHAM, Sir Francis, portrait
--Dedication to Biographical Notice
--Mentioned
WALSINGHAM, Thomas quoted
--HIS ROLE OF THE FLEET OF EDWARD III
--Biographical Notice
--THE VOYAGE OF HENRY, EARL OF DERBY
--VOYAGE OF THOMAS OF WOODSTOCK
WARD, Luke, mentioned
WENFDLAND, (_See Prussia_)
WESTMINSTER ABBEY mentioned
WESTMINSTER, Matthew of quoted
WEXEL or WIXEL (River) mentioned
WEXELMOUTH or WIXELMOUTH
WEYMOUTH, mentioned
WHALES, Hunting of
--In Iceland
WHITTINGTON, Richard
WILLIAM I, mentioned
WILLIAM II, mentioned
WILNA, taken
WILLOUGHBY, Sir Hugh, mentioned
WlLLOLGHBY'S LAND, visited
WINCHELSEA
WINDLAND, mentioned
WIRELND, mentioned
WISMER, mentioned
WITHRINGTON, Robert, mentioned
WITLAND, mentioned
WOLSIAN, HIS NAVIGATION
--Mentioned
WOODSTOCK, Thomas of, his journey
WOOL, Staple for
WORCESTER, Foundation Charter of Cathedral quoted
WORCESTER, Florence of, quoted
--HIS ACCOUNT OF THE VOYAGE OF THE SONS OF EDMUND IRONSIDE

YARMOUTH, mentioned
YAVATE, mentioned
YELL or YLE (Island), mentioned
YENO, Abbot of Furness
YEROSLAV, English at
YORK, taken by Harold and Tosti

ZAMORANO, Rodengo, mentioned
ZEELAND, mentioned
ZIEGLER, J., mentioned
--Confuted
--Map of Northern Europe from his _Schndta_
ZOLNER, Conrad de, mentioned
ZOUCH'S eulogy of Hakluyt

LIST OF PLATES AND MAPS

1. MAP OF NORTHERN EUROPE FROM J. ZIEGLER's _Schodia_, 1532
2. PORTRAIT Of QUEEN ELIZABETH after WHITE--_Facsimile_
3. PORTRAIT OF SIR FRANCIS WALSIGHAM, after VIRTUE
4. MAP OF ICELAND

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. Editor's Preface
II. Facsimile Title-Page
III. Dedication to First Edition
IV. Preface to First Edition
V. Dedication to Second Edition
VI. Preface to Second Edition
VII. [Greek: Eis Apodaemias Brettanon ponaema Richardon tou Haklitou]
VIII. In Nauales Richardi Hakluyti Commentarios, R. Mulcaster
IX. Ejusdem in eundem
X. In eximium opus R. Hakluyti Gulielmi Camdeni Hexastichon
XI. Marco Antonio Pigafeta ad Hakluytum
XII. Extract from Oldys's Librarian, 1738.
XIII. Extract from Zouch's Life of Sir Philip Sidney

1. The Conquests of Arthur, from Geoffrey of Monmouth

2. A Testimonie of the Right and Appendances of the Crowne of the Kingdome
of Britaine, taken out of Mr. Lambard, his [Greek: Archaionomia]

3. A Testimonie concerning the Conquests of Malgo, King of England, from
Geofrrey of Monmouth

4. The Conquest of the Isles of Anglesey and Man, by Edwin, King of
Northumberland, from Bede's Ecclesiastical History

5. Another Testimonie by Bede to the same purpose

6. The Voyage of Bertus, Generall of an Armie sent into Ireland by
Ecfridus, King of Northumberland, from Bede's Ecclesiastical History

7. The Voyage of Octher, made to the North-East parts beyond Norway,
reported by himselfe unto Alfred

8. The Voyage of Octher out of his countrey of Halgoland into the Sound of
Denmarke

9. Wolstan's Navigation in the East Sea (Baltic), from Hetha to Trusco,
which is about Dantzig

10. The Navigation of King Edgar, from Florence of Worcester, Hoveden, and
Dr. Dee

11. The Voyage of Edmund and Edward, the Sonnes of King Edmund Ironside,
into Hungarie, from Florence of Worcester

12. A Chronicle of the Kings of Man from Camden's Chorographia

13. The Marriage of the Daughter of Harold to Jeruslaus, Duke of Russia,
from Saxo Grammaticus

14. The State of the Shipping of the Cinque Ports from Edward the
Confessour and William the Conqueror, and so downe to Edward I., from
Lambert's Perambulations of Kent

15. The roll of the huge Fleete of Edward III. before Calice, from
Thomas Walsingham

16. The Voyage of Nicholas de Linna, a Franciscan Frier, and an
excellent Mathetician, of Oxford, to all the regions situate under
the North Pole, in the yeere 1360

17. A Testimonie of the learned Mathematician Master John Dee, touching
the foresaid Voyage of Nicholas de Linna

18. The Voyage of Henry, Earle of Derbie, after Duke of Hereford, and
lastly King of England, by the name of Henry IV., into Prussia and
Lettowe, against the Infidels, from Thomas of Walsmgham

19. The Voyage of Thomas of Woodstocke, Duke of Gloucester, into
Prussia, written by Thomas Walsingham

20. The verses of Geoffrey Chaucer, showing that the English Knights
were wont in his time to travaile into Prussia and other heathen
lands

The original proceedings and successe of the northren, domestical, and
forren trades and traffiques of this Isle of Britain, from the time of
Nero the Emperor, who deceased in the yeere of our Lord 70, under the
Romans, Britons, Saxons, and Danes, till the Conquest; and from the
Conquest untill this present time, gathered out of the most authenticall
histories and records of this Nation, viz.:

21. A Testimonie out of Cornelius Tacitus, proving London to have bene
a famous Mart Town in the Reigne of Nero the Enperour

22. A Testimome out of Venerable Beda, proving London to have bene a
citie of great Trafficke, not long after the beginning of the
Saxons Reigne

23. The League betweene Carolus Magnus and Offa, concerning safe trade
of English Merchants

24. An ancient Testimonie as to the rank of Merchants, from Lambert's
Perambulation of Kent

25. A Testimonie of certaine privileges obtained for English and Danish
Merchants, of Conrad the Emperor, and John, Bishop of Rome, by
Canutus the Kinmg, extracted out of a Letter of his

26. The flourishing state of the citie of London, in the Reigne of King
Stephen, from William of Malmsbury

27. The Traffike of Bristow with Norway and Ireland, from William of
Malmsbury

28. The League betwecne Henry II., and Frederick Barbarossa, from
Radevicus and Otto Frisingenses

29. A generall safe-conduct granted to all forreine Marchants by King
John, from the Records of the Tower

30. The Letters of King Henry III., unto Haquinus, King of Norway,
concerning a Treaty of Peace

31. A Mandate for the King of Norway, his ship called The Cog

31. A charter granted to the Merchants of Colen, by Edward I.

33. The Charter of Lubeck, graunted by Henry III.

34. A Charter for the Marchants of Almaine, graunted by Edward I.

35. A Mandate of King Edward I., concerning outlandish Marchants

36. The Great Charter granted unto forreine Marchants by Edward I.

37. The Letters of Edward II., unto Haquinus, King of Norway,
concerning the English Marchants arrested in Germany

38. An Ordinance of the Staple to be holden at one certaine place

39. A Charter of King Henry IV., to English Merchants resident in
Prussia, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Germany

40. A note touching the mighty ships of King Henry V., from a Chronicle
in the Trinity Church of Winchester

41. A branch of a Statute made in the Reigne of Henry VI., for the
trade to Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finmark

42. Another branch of a Statute made in the Reigne of Henry VI.,
concerning the English Marchants in Denmark

43. The Process or the Libel of English Policie, exhorting all England to
Keepe the Sea

44. A brief Commentarie of Island: wherein the errors of such as have
written concerning this island are detected, and the Slanders and
Reproches of certaine strangers, which they have used over boldly
against the People of Island are confuted by Arngrimus Ionas

BOOK I.

SECTION 1.

The Isle of Island, being severed from other countries, an infinite
distance standeth farre into the ocean, etc.

SECTION 2.

In this Island at the Summer Solstitum there is no night, etc.

SECTION 3.

It is named of the ice, which continually cleaveth unto the north part
thereof.

SECTION 4.

The Island is so great that it containeth many people, etc.

SECTION 5.

The Island, the most part thereof, is mountainous and untilled.

SECTION 6.

There be in this Island mountaines lift up to the skies, whose tops
being white with perpetual snowe, their roots boile with everlasting
fire, etc.

SECTION 7.

The flame of Mount Hecla will not burne towe, neither is it quenched
with water.... This place is thought by some to be the prison of
uncleane soules, etc.

SECTION 8.

Neare unto the mountaines there be three vast holes, the depth thereof
cannot be discerned by any man; but there appeare to the beholders
thereof certaine men at that instant plunged in, who answere their
friends, exhorting them, with deepe sighs, to returne home, and, with
that, they suddenly vanish away

SECTION 9.

But round about the Island there floateth ice. The inhabitants are of
opinion that in Mount Hecla and in the ice there are places wherein
the soules of their countrymen are tormented,

SECTION 10.

If any man shall take a great quantity of this ice, and shall keepe it
never so warily in a coffer or vessel, it wil, at the time when the
ice thaweth about the Island, utterly vanish away, etc.

SECTION 11.

Not far from the Mountains there be four fountaines of a most contrary
nature betweene themselves. The first converteth into a stoen any
body cast into it. The second is extremely cold. The third is sweeter
than honey. The fourth is altogether deadly, etc.

SECTION 12.

There are so great store of Fishes in this Island that they are laid
forth on piles to be sold in the open air, as high as the tops of
houses

SECTION 13.

They have most swift horses, which will run without ceasing a continual
course, for the space of thirty leagues

SECTION 14.

There be seen neare unto Island huge whales.... It sometimes falleth
out that Mariners thinking these whales to be Islands, and casting
out upon their backs, are often in danger of drowning, etc.

BOOK II.

Introduction

SECTION 1.

Adalbert, Metropolitanate of Hamburg, saw the Islanders converted unto
Christianity.... At their humble request he appointed a certaine holy
man named Islief to be thsir first Bishop

Chronology of the Bishops of Schalholt

Chronology of the Bishops of Holen

SECTION 2.

They inhabit caves.... and have many houses built with the bones of
fishes, etc.

SECTION 3.

They and their cattell use all one house, etc.

SECTION 4.

The customs of the inhabitants

SECTION 5.

The King of Denmarke and Norway sendeth every year a Lieutenant into
the country

SECTION 6.

All things are common among them, except their wives

SECTION 7.

They make all one reckoning of their whelpes and of their children,
etc.

SECTION 8.

They honour their Bishop as their King, etc.

SECTION 9.

They live there for the most part upon fishes, etc.

SECTION 10.

The inhabitants do celebrate the acts of their ancestors.... with
songs, and they grave them in rocks.... There be divers found among
them that be minstrels, etc.

SECTION 11.

Joachim Leo and his slanders on Iceland,

SECTION 12.

Adulteries and Whoredoms arc not only public and common vices.... but
are not accounted by them for vices

SECTION 13.

The treachery of the inhabitants

SECTION 14.

The good wife of the house reacheth to every one a Chamber-pot.... at
Banquets.... Ten persons, men and women, lie together in one bed,
etc.,

SECTION 15.

The food of the inhabitants

SECTION 16.

The simple manners of the inhabitants, and their Commerce, etc.

45. A Letter written by Gudbrandus Thorlacius, Bishop of Holen in Island,
concerning the Ancient State of Island and Gronland,

Index

List of Plates and Maps

Table of Contents

END OF VOL. 1

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