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The Miscellaneous Writings and Speeches of Lord Macaulay.

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reason against admitting him. There is a special reason against
admitting any Irish or Scotch judge. Such a judge cannot attend
this House without ceasing to attend his court. There is a
special reason against admitting the Judges of the Queen's Bench
and of the Common Pleas, and the Barons of the Exchequer. They
are summoned to the House of Lords; and they sit there: their
assistance is absolutely necessary to enable that House to
discharge its functions as the highest court of appeal; and it
would manifestly be both inconvenient and derogatory to our
dignity that members of our body should be at the beck and call
of the peers. I see no special reason for excluding the Master
of the Rolls; and I would, therefore, leave our door open to him.
I would open it to the Judge of the Admiralty, who has been most
unwisely excluded. I would open it to other great judicial
officers who are now excluded solely because their offices did
not exist in 1705, particularly to the two Lords Justices, and
the three Vice Chancellors. In this way, we should, I am
convinced, greatly facilitate the important and arduous work of
law reform; we would raise the character of this House: and I
need not say that with the character of this House must rise or
fall the estimation in which representative institutions are held
throughout the world. But, whether the extensive changes which I
have recommended shall be thought desirable or not, I trust that
we shall reject the bill of the noble lord. I address myself to
the Conservative members on your left hand; and I ask them
whether they are prepared to alter, on grounds purely
theoretical, a system which has lasted during twenty generations
without producing the smallest practical evil. I turn to the
Liberal members on this side; and I ask them whether they are
prepared to lower the reputation and to impair the efficiency of
that branch of the legislature which springs from the people.
For myself, Sir, I hope that I am at once a Liberal and a
Conservative politician; and, in both characters, I shall give a
clear and conscientious vote in favour of the amendment moved by
my honourable friend.



Absalom and Achitophel of Dryden, character of it.

Absolute government, theory of.

Absolute rulers.

Academy, the French, its services to literature.

Addington, Henry, formation of his administration.
His position as Prime Minister.
Raised to the peerage.

Aeschines, compared by Mr Mitford to Demosthenes.

Aeschylus, his works, how regarded by Quintillian.

Agesilaus, depressed by the constitution of Lycurgus.

Ajax, the prayer of, in the Iliad.

Aldrich, Dean, his mode of instructing the youths of his college.
Employs Charles Boyle to edit the letters of Phalaris.

Alfieri, Vittorio, character of his works.
His great fault in his compositions.

Anatomy Bill, Speech on.

Antinomian barn preacher, story of the.

Approbation, love of.

Aristocratical form of government. See Oligarchy.

Aristotle, his unrivalled excellence in analysis and combination.
Value of his general propositions.
His enlightened and profound criticism.

Arnault, A.V., Translation from.

Arras, cruelties of the Jacobins at.

Arrian, his character as a historian.

Arts, the fine, laws on which the progress and decline of depend.

Athenian Revels, scenes from.

Athens; disreputable character of Peiraeus.
Police officers of the city.
Favourite epithet of the city.
The Athenian orators.
Excellence to which eloquence attained at.
Dr Johnson's contemptuous derision of the civilisation of the
people of.
Their books and book education.
An Athenian day.
Defects of the Athenians' conversational education.
The law of ostracism at Athens.
Happiness of the Athenians in their term of government.
Their naval superiority.
Ferocity of the Athenians in war.
And of their dependencies in seditions.
Cause of the violence of faction in that age.
Influence of Athenian genius on the human intellect and on
private happiness.
The gifts of Athens to man.
Character of the great dramas of Athens.
Change in the temper of the Athenians in the time of

Atterbury, Francis, his birth and early life.
Defends Martin Luther against the aspersions of Obadiah Walker.
Enters the church and becomes one of the royal chaplains.
Assists Charles Boyle in preparing an edition of the letters of
His answer to Bentley's dissertation on the letters of Phalaris.
Bentley's reply.
Atterbury's defence of the clergy against the prelates.
Created a D.D. and promoted to the Deanery of Carlisle.
His pamphlets against the Whigs.
Appointed to the Deanery of Christ Church.
Removed to the Bishopric of Rochester.
His opposition to the Government of George I.
His private life.
His taste in literature and literary friends.
Thrown into prison for treason.
Deprived of his dignities and banished for life.
Calls Pope as a witness to his innocence.
Goes to Paris, and becomes Prime Minister of King James.
Retires from the court of the ex-King.
Death of his daughter.
Induced by the Pretender to return to Paris.
His defence of the charge of having garbled Clarendon's History
of the Rebellion.
His death.

August, lines written in.

Bacon, Lord, his description of the logomachies of the schoolmen.
And of the Utilitarian philosophy.
His mode of tracking the principle of heat.

Barbaroux, the Girondist, his execution.

Barere, Bertrand, Memoires de, of Carnot and David, review of
Barere's true character.
His lies.
His talents as an author.
Sketch of his life.
Votes against the King.
His federal views and ultra Girondism.
His apparent zeal for the cause of order and humanity.
His motion for punishing the Jacobins.
Defeat of the Girondists.
Retains his seat at the Board of the Triumphant Mountain.
His infamous motion against the chiefs of the Girondists.
Moves that the Queen be brought before the Revolutionary
Regales Robespierre and other Jacobins at a tavern on the day of
the death of the Queen.
Formation of his peculiar style of oratory.
His Carmagnoles.
Effect produced by his discourses.
Seconds Robespierre's atrocious motion in the Convention.
Becomes one of the six members of the Committee of Public Safety.
The first to proclaim terror as the order of the day.
Recommends Fouquier Tinville to the Revolutionary Committee of
His proposal to destroy Lyons and Toulon.
His opposition to the personal defence of Danton.
His support of the wretch Lebon.
His war against learning, art, and history.
His sensual excesses.
Becomes a really cruel man.
His morning audiences and mode of treating petitions.
His orders against certain head-dresses.
Nicknames given to him.
Obtains a decree that no quarter should be given to any English
or Hanoverian soldier.
M. Carnot's defence of this barbarity.
Barere's support of Robespierre's fiendish decree.
His panegyric on Robespierre.
His motion that Robespierre and his accomplices should be put to
Destruction of the power of the Jacobins.
Report on his conduct voted by the Convention.
Condemned to be removed to a distant place of confinement.
His perilous journey.
Imprisoned at Oleron.
Removed to Saintes.
Escapes to Bordeaux.
Chosen a member of the Council of Five Hundred, which refuses to
admit him.
His libel on England.
The Liberty of the Seas.
His flight to St Ouen.
Sends a copy of his work to the First Consul.
Allowed by Bonaparte to remain in Paris.
Refuses; becomes a writer and a spy to Bonaparte.
Sends his friend Demerville to the guillotine.
Spies set to watch the spy.
Ordered to quit Paris.
Employed in the lowest political drudgery.
His "Memorial Antibritannique" and pamphlets.
His fulsome adulation of the Emperor.
Causes of his failure as a journalist.
Treated with contempt by Napoleon.
His treachery to his Imperial master.
Becomes a royalist on the return of the Bourbons.
Compelled to leave France.
Returns in July 1830.
Joins the extreme left.
His last years and death.
Summary of his character.
His hatred of England.
His MS. works on divinity.

Barre, Colonel, joins the Whig opposition.
Appointed by Pitt Clerk of the Pells.

Bearn, the constitution of.

Beatrice, Dante's love of.

Beauclerc, Topham, a member of the Literary Club.

Bentham, Mr, his defence of Mr Mill.
His merits and shortcomings.
Examination of his views.
His account of the manner in which he arrived at the "greatest
happiness principle."
Testimony to his merits.

Bentinck, Lord William, inscription on the statue of, at

Bentley, Richard, his dissertation on the letters of Phalaris.
His answer to the attack of Atterbury.

Bible, the English translation of the, regarded as a specimen of
the beauty and power of the English language.

Billaud, M., becomes a member of the Committee of Public Safety.
Opposes Robespierre.
Himself brought to trial.
Condemned to be removed to a distant place of confinement.
Transported to Guiana.
His subsequent life.

Bonaparte, Napoleon, his detestation of the cruel decree of the
Convention respecting English prisoners.
His return from Egypt, and assumption of absolute power as First
His policy at this period.
Allows Barere to reside in Pairs.
Employs Barere as a writer and spy.
Establishes the Imperial government.
His opinion of Barere's journalism.
His defeat and abdication.

Boswell, James, becomes a member of The Club.
His character.
His life of Johnson.

Bourbon, Duke, character of the government of.

Bow Street, whiggery of.

Boyd, his translation of the Divine Comedy of Dante.

Boyle, Charles, his college edition of the letters of Phalaris.
The answer to Bentley attributed to him.

Boyse, the poet, his friendship with Samuel Johnson.

Brasidas, great only when he ceased to be a Lacedaemonian.

Brissot, the Girondist leader.
His trial.

Brissotines, the. See Girondists.

Buccaneer, the Last.

Bunyan, John, age in which he produced his Pilgrim's Progress.
His birth and early life.
His notions of good and evil.
Enlists in the parliamentary army.
Returns home and marries.
His fantasies and internal sufferings.
Thrown into gaol.
His prison life.
His intimate knowledge of the Bible.
His early writings.
His abhorrence of the Quakers.
His controversies.
His answer to Edward Fowler.
His dispute with some of his own sect.
His liberation from prison.
His Pilgrim's Progress.
His Holy War.
Difficulties of.
His death and burial-place.
Fame of his Pilgrim's Progress.

Burgundy, Duke of, his theory of good government.

Burke, Edmund, his character of the first French republic.
And of the French National Assembly.
His vindication of himself from the charge of inconsistency.
His part in The Club.
His position in the Whig opposition.

Burns, Robert, age in which he produced his works.

Butler, Samuel, character of his poetry.

Byron, Lord, his egotism and its success.

Caesar, accounts of his campaigns, regarded as history.

Camden, Lord, joins the Whig opposition.

Canning, George, popular comparison of, with Mr Pitt.
His activity in Pitt's cause.

Carey, his translation of the Divine Comedy of Dante.

Carmagnoles, the, of Barere.
Lord Ellenborough's.

Carmichael, Miss, or Polly, in Dr Johnson's house.

Carnot, M. Hippolyte, his part in the Memoirs of Bertrand Barere.

Carolan, his compositions.

Carrier, the tyrant of Nantes, placed under arrest.

Casti, character of his Animali Parlanti.

Catholicism, Roman, the most poetical of all religions.
Its great revival at the beginning of the thirteenth century.
Treaty concluded by Charles II. by which he bound himself to set
up Catholicism in England.

Catiline, Sallust's account of the Conspiracy of.

Cavendish, Lord John, becomes Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Cervantes, delight with which his Don Quixote is read.

Charles II., King of England.
Influence of his residence abroad upon his character and tastes.
His treaty respecting Roman Catholics.

Chatham, first Earl of, compared by Mirabeau.
His declining years.
His last appearance in the House of Lords.

Chatham, second Earl of, his mismanagement of the Admiralty.

Chaumette, one of the accusers of the Girondists before the
Revolutionary Tribunal.

Christ Church, Oxford, cry of, against Bentley.

Christianity, effect of the victory of, over paganism.

Church of Ireland, Speech on.

Churchill, his insult to Johnson.

Civil War, the great.

Clarendon, his history of the Rebellion, charge of garbling it.

Classical writers, celebrity of the great.

Cleomenes, causes and results of his raving cruelty.

Clergyman, the Country, his Trip to Cambridge.

Club, The, formation of.
Members of the.

"Coalition," formation of the.
Universal disgust.
End of the Coalition.

Coates, Romeo, the actor.

Cock Lane Ghost, the.

Collot, d'Herbois, becomes a member of the Committee of Public
Attacked in the streets.
Brought to trial.
Condemned by the Convention to be removed to a distant place of
His end.

Condorcet, strength brought by him to the Girondist party.
His melancholy end.

Confidence in Ministry of Lord Melbourne.
Speech on.

Constantinople, empire of, its retrogression and stupefaction.

Convention, the French, of.
The Girondists.
The Mountain.
Character of the diplomatic language during the reign of the

Copyright, Speeches on.

Corday, Charlotte, her murder of Marat.

Corn Laws, Speech on.

Corneille, attempts of the Academy to depress the rising fame of.

Cornwallis, General, his surrender to the Americans.

Cottabus, the Athenian game of.

Couthon, becomes a member of the Committee of Public Safety.
His execution.

Cowley, Mr Abraham, and Mr John Milton, conversation between,
touching the great Civil War.

Criticism, verbal.
Improvement of the science of criticism.
The critical and poetical faculty distinct and incompatible.

Cyrus, Xenophon's Life of, its character.

Dante, criticism on.
His first adventure in the popular tongue.
Influences of the times in which he lived upon his works.
His love of Beatrice.
His despair of happiness on earth.
Close connection between his intellectual and moral character.
Compared with Milton.
His metaphors and comparisons.
Little impression made by the forms of the external world upon
Fascination revolting and nauseous images had for his mind.
His use of ancient mythology in his poems.
His idolatry of Virgil.
Excellence of his style.
Remarks upon the translations of the Divine Comedy.
His veneration for writers inferior to himself.
How regarded by the Italians of the fourteenth century.

Danton, character of.
His death.

David, M. d'Angers, the sculptor, his part in the Memoirs of
Bertrand Barere.

De Foe, effect of his Robinson Crusoe on the imagination of the
child and the judgment of the man.

Demerville, the Jacobin, betrayed by his friend Barere.

Democracy, a pure.
Mr Mill's view of a pure and direct.

Demosthenes, compared by Mr Mitford to Aeschines.
His irresistible eloquence.

Denham, Sir John, character of his poetry.

Denis, St, Abbey of, laid waste by Barere.

"Dennis, St, and St George, in the Water, some Account of the
Lawsuit between the Parishes of."

Deserted Village of Oliver Goldsmith.

Desmoulins, Camille, his attack on the Reign of Terror.
Reply of Barere.

Desmoulins, Mrs, in Dr Johnson's house.

Despotic rulers.
Theory of a despotic government.

Dies Irae.

Dionysius, his criticisms.

Diplomatic language used by the French Convention.

Directory, the Executive, of France, formation of.

Dissenters, persecution of the, by the Cavaliers.
Relieved by Charles II.
Prosecutions consequent on the enterprise of Monmouth.
The Dissenters courted by the government of James II.

Dissenters' Chapels Bill, Speech on.

Divine Comedy of Dante, the great source of the power of the.
Remarks on the translations of the.

Djezzar Pasha, his cruelty.

Doddington, Bubb, his kindness to Samuel Johnson.

Don Quixote, delight with which it is read.

Dorset, Earl of, his poetry.

Drama, the old English.
Compared with that of Athens and France.
Causes of the excellence of the English drama.
Superiority of dramatic to other works of imagination.
Extinction of the drama by the Puritans.
The drama of the time of Charles II.
Dryden's plays.

Dryden, John, place assigned to him as a poet.
His merits and defects.
Influence exercised by him on his age.
Two parts into which his life divides itself.
His small pieces presented to patrons.
Character of his Annus Mirabilis.
His rhyming plays.
His impossible men and women.
His tendency to bombast.
His attempts at fairy imagery.
His incomparable reasonings in verse.
His art of producing rich effects by familiar words.
Catholicity of his literary creed.
Causes of the exaggeration which disfigure his panegyrics.
Character of his Hind and Panther.
And of his Absalom and Achitophel.
Compared with Juvenal.
What he would probably have accomplished in an epic poem.
Compared with Milton.

Dubois, Cardinal, his mode of dealing with public petitions.

Dumont, M., review of his Souvenirs sur Mirabeau.
Services rendered by him to society.
His interpretation of Bentham's works.
His view of the French Revolution.
His efforts to instruct the French in political knowledge.
Sketch of the character of Mirabeau.
Of Sieyes and Talleyrand.
And of his own character.

Dumourier, his Girondist sympathies.
His defection.

Dundas, Henry, Lord Advocate, commencement of his friendship with

Dunning, Mr, joins the Whig opposition.

Duroc, General, his letter to Barere.

Eady, Dr, his advertisements.

Edinburgh Election, speech at.

Education, Speech on.

Education, the, of the Athenians.
Defects of their conversational education.

Egotism, the pest of conversation.
Zest given by it to writing.

Eleusinian mysteries, the.

Ellenborough, Lord, his Carmagnoles.

Ellis, Welbore.

England, revolution in the poetry of.
Mr Mill's remarks on the British Constitution.
His view of the constitution of the English Government.
Mr Sadler's statement of the law of population in England.
The English Revolution compared with the French.
Mildness of the revolution caused by the Reform Bill.
Makes war against France.

Epistles, Petrarch's.

Epitaph on Henry Martyn.

Epitaph on Lord William Bentinck.

Epitaph on Sir Benjamin Heath Malkin.

Epitaph on Lord Metcalfe.

Euphuism in England.

Euripides, mother of.
His jesuitical morality.
How regarded by Quintillian.

Evil, question of the origin of, in the world.

Exclusion of Judges from the House of Commons, Speech on.

Federalism, the new crime of, in France.
Federalism as entertained by Barere.

Fenelon, his principles of good government, as shown in his

Fluxions, discovery of the method of.

Fortune, remedies for Good and Evil, Petrarch's.

Fowler, Edward, John Bunyan's answer to.

Fox, Charles James, his character.
His great political error.
The King's detestation of him.
Becomes Secretary of State under the Duke of Portland.
His India Bill.
His speeches.

Fragments of a Roman Tale.

France, character of the poetry of.
Characteristics of the personifications of the drama of.
Spirit excited in France at the time of the Revolution by some of
the ancient historians.
Burke's character of the French Republic.
Population of.
Condition of the government of, in 1799.
Strictures of M. Dumont on the National Assembly.
Infancy of political knowledge of the French at the period of the
The English Revolution compared with the French.
Arguments against the old monarchy of France.
The first compared with the second French Revolution.
Causes of the first Revolution.
Condition of France for eighty years previous to the Revolution.
Causes which immediately led to that event.
Difficulties of the Constitution of 1791.
The war with the continental coalition.
Effect of the League of Pilnitz on the position of the King.
Formation and meeting of the Convention.
The two great parties of the Convention--the Girondists and the
Death of the King.
Policy of the Jacobins.
The new crime of federalism.
Defection of Dumourier and appointment of the Committee of Public
Irruption of the mob into the palace of the Tuileries.
Destruction of the Girondists.
Establishment of the Reign of Terror.
Condition of France during the reign of Louis XIV.
And during that of Louis XV.
Fenelon's principles of good government.
His views incomprehensible to his countrymen.
Loss to France on the death of the Duke of Burgundy.
The Regency of Philip of Orleans.
The Duke of Bourbon.
Downward course of the monarchy, and indications of the
forthcoming revolution.
The Greek and Roman models of the French legislators.
Victories of France in 1794.
The memorable ninth of Thermidor.
Execution of Robespierre and his accomplices.
End of the Jacobin dominion in France.
Condition of the nation at this period.
Formation of the Constitution of 1795.
Bonaparte's return from Egypt and assumption of absolute power.
Political spies in France.
Defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo.
The Chamber of Representatives.
The Royalist Chamber under the Bourbons.
Review of the policy of the Jacobins.
War declared by England against.

French Academy, its services to literature.

Froissart, character of his history.

Garrick, David, relation between him and his old master Johnson.
A member of the Literary Club.

Garth, Dr, insults Bentley and extols Boyle.

Gates of Somnauth, the Speech on.

Gaudet, the Girondist, his execution.

Gensonne, the Girondist leader.
His trial.
His death.

Geologist, Bishop Watson's description of a.

George III., his treatment of his ministers.

Georgics, Political.

Germaine, Lord George.

Gibbon, Edward, charges brought against him as a historian.
His part in The Club.

Girondists, or Brissotines, Barere's account of the proceedings
against the.
Sketch of the political party so called.
Its struggles with the Mountain.
Accusation brought against the leaders of the party.
Defeated by the Mountain.
Impeached by their late colleague Barere.
Their trial.
Their fate.

Goldsmith, Oliver, his birth and early life.
His first schoolmaster.
His personal appearance.
His college life.
Death of his father.
His attempts at the church, law, and physic.
His rambles on foot through Flanders, France, and Switzerland.
His disregard of truth.
His return to England, and desperate expedients to obtain a
His literary drudgery.
Character of his works.
Introduced to Johnson.
One of the original members of The Club.
Removes from Breakneck Steps to the Temple.
Story of the publication of the Vicar of Wakefield.
His Traveller.
His Dramas.
His Deserted Village.
His She Stoops to Conquer.
His Histories.
His arts of selection and condensation.
His intimacy with the great talkers of the day.
His conversational powers.
How regarded by his associates.
His virtues and vices.
His death.
His cenotaph in Westminster Abbey.
His biographers.
His part in The Club.

Gomer Chephoraod, King of Babylon, apologue of.

Goodnatured Man, the, of Oliver Goldsmith.

Government of India, Speech on.

Government, proper conditions of a good.
Review of Mr Mill's Essays on, etc.
His chapter on the ends of government.
And on the means.
His view of a pure and direct democracy.
Of an oligarchy.
And of a monarchy.
Deduction of a theory of politics in the mathematical form.
Government according to Mr Mill only necessary to prevent men
from plundering each other.
His argument that no combination of the three simple forms of
government can exist.
His remarks on the British constitution.
His hope for mankind in the government of a representative body.
The real security of men against bad government.
Mr Mill's views as to the qualifications of voters for
The desire of the poor majority to plunder the rich minority.
Effects which a general spoliation of the rich would produce.
Method of arriving at a just conclusion on the subject of the
science of government.
Mr Bentham's defence of Mr Mill's Essays.
Deduction of the theory of government from the principles of
human nature.
Remarks on the Utilitarian theory of government.
Mode of tracking the latent principle of good government.
Checks in political institutions.
Constitution of the English government.

Greece, review of Mr Mitford's History of.
Gross ignorance of the modern historians of Greece.
The imaginative and critical schools of poetry in.

Greeks, domestic habits of the.
Change in their temper at the close of the Peloponnesian war.
Character of their fashionable logic.
Causes of the exclusive spirit of the Greeks.

Hall, Robert, his eloquence.

Hamlet, causes of its power and influence.

Happiness, principle of the greatest, of the greatest number
The most elevated station the principle is ever likely to attain.
The Westminster Reviewer's defence of the "greatest happiness

Hayley, his translation of the Divine Comedy of Dante.

Heat, Lord Bacon's mode of tracking the principle of.

Hebert, the Jacobin, his vile character.
Accuses the Girondists before the Revolutionary Tribunal.

Hebrides, Johnson's visit to the.

Herodotus, character of his history.
His faults.
Character of the people for whom the book was composed.
His history compared with that of Thucydides.
Herodotus regarded as a delineator of character.

Heron, Robert, his drama of News from Camperdown.

Hervey, Henry, his kindness to Samuel Johnson.

History, Mr Mitford's views of.
The true domain of history.
Qualifications necessary for writing.
The history of Herodotus.
That of Thucydides.
Johnson's remarks on history.
Xenophon's history.
Polybius and Arrian.
Character of the historians of the Plutarch class.
English classical associations and names compared with those of
the ancients.
Spirit excited in England and in France by the writers of the
Plutarch class.
Merits and defects of modern historians.
Froissart, Machiavelli, and Guicciardine.
Effect of the invention of printing.
Causes of the exclusiveness of the Greeks and Romans.
Effect of the victory of Christianity over paganism.
Establishment of the balance of moral and intellectual influence
in Europe.
The species of misrepresentation which abounds most in modern
Hume, Gibbon, and Mitford.
Neglect of the art of narration.
Effect of historical reading compared to that produced by foreign
Character of the perfect historian.
Instruction derived from the productions of such a writer.

Hoche, General, refuses to obey the cruel decree of the

Holy War, Bunyan's.

Homer, intense desire to know something of him.
Quintillian's criticisms on.
His inappropriate epithets.
His description of Hector at the Grecian wall.

Hoole, the metaphysical tailor, his friendship with Samuel

Horace, his comparison of poems to certain paintings.

Hume, David, charges brought against him as a historian.

Hyder Aly, his successes.

Idler, Johnston's publication of the.

Imagination and judgment.
Power of the imagination in a barbarous age.

Inaugural Speech at Glasgow College.

India Bill, Fox's.

Inferno, Dante's, character of the.

Ireland, William Pitt the first English minister who formed great
designs for the benefit of Ireland.

Isocrates, his defence of oligarchy and tyranny.

Italian language, Dante's first work on the.

Italian Writers, Criticisms on the Principal.

Italy, revolution of the poetry of.
Monti's imitation of the style of Dante.

Jacobins of Paris, policy of the.
Excesses of the.
Materials of which the party was composed.
Their cruelties in Paris and in the provinces.
Review of the policy of the Jacobins.

Jacobite, Epitaph on a.

Jacobites, revival of their spirits in 1721.
Plan for a Jacobite insurrection.

Jenyns, Soame, Dr Johnson's review of his Inquiry into the Nature
and Origin of Evil.

Jewish Disabilities, Speech on.

Jews, the sacred books of the, unknown to the Romans.

Johnson, Dr Samuel, his contemptuous derision of the civilisation
of the Athenians.
His remark on history and historians.
Oliver Goldsmith introduced to.
Story of the publication of the Vicar of Wakefield.
Johnson's birth and early life.
His father.
Goes to Oxford.
His attainments at this time.
His struggles with poverty.
Becomes an incurable hypochondriac.
His literary drudgery.
His marriage.
His school near Lichfield.
Sets out for London.
Effect of his privations on his temper and deportment.
Engaged on the "Gentleman's Magazine."
His political opinions.
His Jacobite views.
His poem of London.
His associates.
His life of Richard Savage.
His dictionary.
His treatment by Lord Chesterfield.
His Vanity of Human Wishes compared with the Satire of Juvenal.
Relation between him and his pupil David Garrick.
Irene brought out.
Publication and reception of the Rambler.
Death of Mrs Johnson.
Publication of the Dictionary.
His review of Soame Jenyn's Inquiry into the Nature and Origin of
His Idler.
Death of his mother.
Circumstances under which Rasselas was published.
His hatred of the Whigs.
Accepts a pension of three hundred a year.
His belief in ghosts.
Publication of his edition of Shakespeare's works.
Honours conferred upon him.
His colloquial talents.
His predominance in The Club.
His biographer, James Boswell.
The inmates of his house near Fleet Street.
His visit to the Hebrides.
His prejudice against the Scotch.
His exposure of Macpherson's forgery of Fingal.
His Taxation no Tyranny.
His lives of the Poets.
His declining years.
His death.

Johnson, Michael of Lichfield.

Jones, Sir William, his part in the Literary Club.

Judgment and imagination.

Julian, the Emperor, his partiality for the Greek language.

Jurisprudence, Mr Bentham's reduction of, to a science.

Juryman, the stipend of an Athenian.

Just, Saint, expatiates on the guilt of Vergniaud and Petion.
Becomes a member of the Committee of Public Safety.
His doom.
His execution.

Juvenal compared with Dryden.
His satire compared with that of Samuel Johnson.

King, the, in the Athenian democracy.

Kleber, General, refuses to obey the cruel decree of the

Lacedaemon, causes of the silent but rapid downfall of.
The development of merit prevented by the laws of.
Her foreign policy and domestic institutions.
Her government compared with that of Athens.
Her helots.

Langton, Bennet, a member of the Literary Club.

Latin works of Petrarch, the.

Lebon, the Jacobin, his crimes defended by Barere.
Placed under arrest.

Levett, Robert, the quack doctor.

Liberty, how regarded by the later ancient writers.
How regarded by historians of the Plutarch class.
Peculiar and essentially English character of English liberty.
Political, views with which it was regarded by the French
legislators of the Revolution.

Lies, various kinds of.

Lincoln Cathedral, story of the painted window of.

Literary Magazine, Johnson's contributions to the.

Literature, on the Royal Society of.

Literature, ancient, proper examination of.
State of literature as a calling, in the last century.

Literature of Britain, the, Speech on.

Livy, his faults and merits as a historian.

London, blessing of the great fire of.
Riots in, in 1780.

Longinus, criticism on his work on the "Sublime."

Louis XIV., his bitter lamentations of his former extravagances.
His character as a king.

Louis XV., condition of France when he came to the throne.

Louis XVI., his character.
His position in 1792.
His death.

Louis XVIII., leniency of his government at the Restoration.

Love, honourable and chivalrous, unknown to the Greeks.
The passion as delineated in the Roman poets.
What is implied in the modern sense of the word love.
Change undergone in the nature of the passion of love in the
middle ages.

Lycurgus, his mistaken principles of legislation.
His system of domestic slavery.

Lyons, cruelties of the Jacobins at.
Barere's proposal to utterly annihilate it.

Lysander, depressed by the constitution of Lycyrgus.

Macflecnoe, of Dryden, character of the.

Machiavelli, character of his history.

Macpherson, his forgery of Fingal.
Threatens Dr Johnson.

Malkin, Sir Benjamin Heath, epitaph on.

Malthus, Mr, attacked by Mr Sadler.

Man, the contemplation of, the noblest earthly object of man.

Marat, his murmurs against Barere.
His death.

Marcellus, the counterfeit oration for.

Marie Antoinette, Queen, Barere's account of the death of.
Brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal on the motion of
Her execution.

Martyn, Henry, epitaph on.

Maynooth, Speech on.

Medical science, Petrarch's invectives on the.

Melville, Lord, his impeachment.

Memoirs, popularity of, as compared with that of history.

"Memorial Antibritannique," the, of Barere.

Metaphors, Dante's.

Metcalfe, Lord, Epitaph on.

Mill, Mr, review of his Essays on Government, etc.
His utilitarianism.
False principles upon which his theory rests.
Precision of his arguments and dryness of his style.
His a priori method of reasoning.
Curious instances of his peculiar turn of mind.
His views of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy.
His fallacies.
His proposed government by a representative body.
His proposal of universal suffrage, but for males only.
The effects which a general spoliation of the rich would
His remarks on the influence of the middle rank.
Review of the Westminster Reviewer's defence of Mr Mill.

Milton, John, compared with Dante.
Milton, Mr John, and Mr Abraham Cowley, conversation between,
touching the great Civil War.
His great modern epic.
Dryden's admiration for his genius.

Mirabeau, Souvenirs sur, etc., M. Dumont's review of.
M. Dumont's picture of Mirabeau in the National Assembly.
Mirabeau compared to Wilkes.
And to the Earl of Chatham.

Mitford, Mr, criticism on his History of Greece.
His principal characteristic as a historian.
Errors of almost all the most modern historians of Greece.
Estimation in which the later ancient writers have been held.
Differences between Mr Mitford and the historians who have
preceded him.
His love of singularity.
His hatred of democracy.
And love of the oligarchical form of government.
His illogical inferences and false statements.
His inconsistency with himself.
His deficiencies.
Charges of misrepresentation brought against him as a historian.

Monarchical form of government, Mr Mill's view of a.
Moncontour, the Battle of.

Mountain, sketch of the party in the French Convention so called.
Votes for the death of the King.
Its victory over the Girondists.
Tyranny of the Mountain.
Violence of public opinion against it.

Naseby, the Battle of.

National Assembly, the French.
Mr Burke's character of them.
M. Dumont's picture of the Assembly.

Nollekens, his cenotaph of Oliver Goldsmith in Westminster Abbey.

Nonconformists, relief of, by Charles II.

North, Lord, and the American difficulties.
Resignation of his ministry.
The Coalition.
End of the Coalition.

Ode on St Cecilia's Day of Dryden; its character.

Oleron, Barere, Billaud, and Collot d'Herbois imprisoned at.

Oligarchy, Mr Mitford's love of pure.
Examination of this sentiment.
The growth of genius always stunted by oligarchy.
Mr Mill's view of an oligarchical form of government.

Opinion, good, of the public, causes of our regard for the.

Orators, Athenian.

Oratory: Excellence to which eloquence attained at Athens.
Circumstances favourable to this result.
Principles upon which poetry is to be estimated.
Causes of the difference between the English and Athenian
The history of eloquence at Athens.
Speeches of the ancients, as transmitted to us by Thucydides.
Period during which eloquence flourished most at Athens.
Coincidence between the progress of the art of war and that of
The irresistible eloquence of Demosthenes.
The oratory of Pitt and Fox.

Orestes, the Greek highwayman.

Orleans, Philip, Duke of, character of him and of his Regency.

Ossian, character of the poems of.

Ostracism, practice of, among the Athenians.

Othello, causes of the power of.

Paganism, effect of the overthrow of, by Christianity.

Pallas, the birthplace of Oliver Goldsmith.

Paradise, Dante's, its principal merit.

Paraphrase of a passage in the Chronicle of the Monk of St Gall.

Paris, policy of the Jacobins of.
Their excesses.

Parliamentary government, its advantages and disadvantages.

Parliamentary Reform, Speeches on.

Patronage, effect of, on literature.

Pausanias, his insanity.

Pauson, the Athenian painter.

Peers, question of the sterility of the, as a class.

Peiraeus, disreputable character of.

People's Charter, the, Speech on.

Pericles, his eloquence.

Petion, the Girondist.
Saint Just's speech on his guilt.
His unfortunate end.

Petrarch, influence of his poems on the literature of Italy.
Criticism on the works of.
Celebrity as a writer.
Causes of this.
Extraordinary sensation caused by his amatory verses.
Causes co-operating to spread his renown.
His coronation at Rome.
His poetical powers.
His genius.
Paucity of his thoughts.
His energy when speaking of the wrongs and degradation of Italy.
His poems on religious subjects.
Prevailing defect of his best compositions.
Remarks on his Latin writings.

Phalaris of Agrigentari, the spurious letters of.
Sir W. Temple's opinion of them.
Their worthlessness shown by Bentley.

Phillips, John, his monument refused admission into Westminster

Pilgrim's Progress, Bunyan's history of the.
Its fame.
Attempts to improve and imitate it.

Pilnitz, League of, effect of the.

Piozzi, Mrs.

Pisistratus, his eloquence.

Pitt, William, popular comparison of, with Mr Canning.
His birth and early life.
His preceptor Pretyman.
His fondness for mathematics.
His knowledge of Greek and Latin.
And of modern literature.
His delight in oratory.
Studies the law.
Goes into parliament for Appleby.
Condition of the country at this period.
Pitt's first speech in Parliament.
Declines the Vice-Treasurership of Ireland.
Courts the ultra-Whig party.
His advocacy of reform.
Becomes Chancellor of the Exchequer at twenty-three years of age.
Pitt's speech and Sheridan's repartee.
His visit to the Continent with William Wilberforce.
Appointed First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the
His difficulties and dangers.
His power.
Review of his merits and defects.
His reported speeches.
Character of his oratory.
His private life.
His popularity.
His neglect of authors.
His talents as a leader.
Effect of the French Revolution.
His love of peace and freedom.
Unjustly charged with apostasy.
Beginning of his misfortunes.
His domestic policy.
His great designs for the benefit of Ireland.
His rupture with Addington.
His speech on the opening of the Session of 1803.
Reconstructs the government on the resignation of the Addington
Decline of his health.
His death.
His public funeral.
Vote for paying his debts.
Review of his life.
Lines to his memory.

Plautus, translation from his Rudens.

Plutarch, class of historians of which he may be regarded as the
His delineation of character.

Poetry; Horace's comparison of poems to certain paintings.
Principles upon which poetry is to be estimated.
Element by which poetry is poetry.
Frame of mind required by poetry.
Absurdities of writers who attempt to give general rules for
The mechanical part of the art of poetry.
Power of the imagination in a barbarous age.
Periods of consummate excellence and of the decline of poetry.
Age of critical poetry.
The imaginative school gradually fading into the critical.
The poets of Greece.
And of Rome.
Revolution of the poetry of Italy, Spain, and England.
The critical and poetical faculties, distinct and incompatible.
Excellence of English dramatic poetry.
Extinction of the dramatic and ascendency of the fashionable
school of poetry.
Changes in the time of Charles II.
John Dryden.

Poets, the favourite themes of the, of the present day.
Catholicity of the orthodox poetical creed.
Why good poets are bad critics.

Police officers of Athens.

Polybius, his character as a historian.

Pomponius Atticus, his veneration for Greek literature.

Pope, Alexander, condensation of the sense in his couplets.
His friendship with Bishop Atterbury.
Appears as a witness in favour of his friend.
His epitaph on Atterbury.

Population, review of Mr Sadler's work on the law of.
His attack of Mr Malthus.
His statement of the law of population.
Extremes of population and fecundity in well-known countries.
Population of England.
Of the United States of America.
Of France.
And of Prussia.

Portland, Duke of, formation of his Administration.

Portrait-painting compared with history.

Posterity, Epistle to, Petrarch's.

Power, senses in which the word may be used.
Dependence of the happiness of nations on the real distribution
of power.

Pretyman, Bishop of Lincoln.
His life of William Pitt.

Printing, influence of, on modern history.

Prior, Matthew, his intimacy with Bishop Atterbury.

Prize poems, character of.

Provencal poets, their amatory compositions.

Prussia, Mr Sadler's law of population, as illustrated by the
census of Prussia.

Psalmanazar, George, his friendship with Samuel Johnson.

Purgatorio, Dante's, the simile of the sheep in the.
Incomparable style of the sixth canto of.

Puritans, their prohibition of theatrical representations.

Quakers, Bunyan's abhorrence of the.

Quintillian, his principles of criticism.

Quixote, the Spiritual.

Radical War Song, a.

Rambler, Johnson's, publication of the.

Rasselas, Johnson's, circumstances under which it was written.
Plan of the work.

Re-election to Parliament, Speech on.

Reform Bill, mildness of the revolution of the.

Reform, Parliamentary, Speeches on.

Regent, the Prince, and the King.

Rent, Doctrine of.

Repeal of Union with Ireland, Speech on.

Representation, its value as a check on the governing few.

Revolution, the French, terms in which it is spoken of by M.

Revolution, the first and second French.
Compared with the English.
And with the American.

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, his part in the Club.

Rich: desire of the poor majority to plunder the rich minority.
Effects which a general spoliation would produce.

Richardson, Samuel, his opinion of the Rambler.
His kindness to Johnson.

Robespierre, his power over the lives of his fellow-citizens.
His character.
Regaled by Barere at a tavern on the day of the Queen's death.
Atrocious decree of the Convention proposed by him.
Becomes one of the Committee of Public Safety.
Purpose of his celebrated fiendish decree.
Barere's panegyric on Robespierre.
Barere's motion to put Robespierre and his accomplices to death.
Robespierre's execution.
His character.

Rockingham, Charles Marquis of, at the head of the Whig
His adherents in the House of Commons.
Becomes Prime Minister.
His death.

Roland, Madame, her courage and force of thought.
Her execution.

Roland, the Girondist, his wife.
His fate.

Roman Tale, Fragments of a.

Romans, domestic habits of the.
Character of the poetry of the Romans.
Their regard for the language and literature of Greece.
Their disregard of the sacred books of the Hebrews.
Their exclusive spirit.
The Roman empire of the time of Diocletian compared with the
Chinese empire.
Effect of the victory of Christianity over paganism.
Purification of the Roman world by the invasion of the

Rousseau, his egotism and its success.

Royal Society of Literature, on the.

Rumford, Count, his proposition for feeding soldiers cheaply.

Russell, Lord William, his last saying.

Sacheverell, prosecution of.

Sadler, Mr, review of his work on the Law of Population.
His style.
And spirit.
His attack on Mr Malthus.
His distinctions without a difference.
The great discovery by which he has vindicated the ways of
His refutation refuted.
The motto on his title-page.
His statements examined and refuted.

Safety, Committee of Public, formation of the, in Paris.
Names of the persons composing the.
Character of the men composing the Committee.
Its crimes and blunders.
Robespierre's fiendish motion.

Sallust, his merits as a historian.
His conspiracy of Catiline.

Satire of Juvenal and Dryden.

Savage, Richard, his career.

Schoolmen, Lord Bacon's description of the logomachies of the, of
his time.

Scott, Sir Walter, his use of the rejected fragments of history.

Sermon in a Churchyard.

Shakspeare, William, language he gives to his superhuman beings.
His euphuism.
His dramas miracles of art.
His exquisite imagery.
Publication of Johnson's edition of the works of.
Character of the work.

Shelburne, William, Earl of, in the Whig opposition.
Placed by the King at the head of the Treasury.

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, his repartee to Pitt.

Sidney, Sir Philip, his dying thanksgiving.

Sieyes, the Abbe, M. Dumont's sketch of the character of.

Similitudes, Dante's.

Simon, Saint, his character and opinions.

Slavery, Domestic, the cause of the violence of factions in
ancient times.

Smalridge, Dean of Carlisle and Christ Church.



Spain, revolution of the poetry of.

Sparta, the great men of.
Mr Mitford's admiration of the stability of the institutions of.
Real character of the Spartans.
Their kind of liberty.

Spectator, Addison's, crowds of imitations of the.

Anatomy Bill.
Church of Ireland, the.
Confidence in Lord Melbourne's Ministry.
Corn Laws, the.
Dissenters' Chapels Bill.
Edinburgh Election.
Exclusion of Judges from the House of Commons.
Gates of Somnauth, the.
Government of India, the.
Inaugural Speech at Glasgow College.
Jewish Disabilities.
Literature of Britain, the.
Parliamentary Reform.
People's Charter, the.
Re-election to Parliament.
Repeal of the Union with Ireland.
State of Ireland, the.
Sugar Duties, the.
Ten Hours Bill, the.
Theological Tests in the Scotch Universities.
War with China, the.

Spencer, George Earl, his able administration of the Admiralty.

Spies, political, in France.
Their unpopularity in England.
The modus operandi of a spy.

State of Ireland, the Speech on.

Stories, good, fondness of the later ancient writers for.

"Sublime, Longinus on the."
Burke and Dugald Stewart's discussions.

Suffrage, Universal.

Sugar Duties, the, Speech on.

Tacitus, his eminence as a historian.
As a delineator of character.

Talleyrand, M. Dumont's sketch of the character of.

Tallien, his attack on Robespierre in the Convention.

Tasso, character of his "Secchia Rapita."

Telephus, the, of Euripides.

Temple, Sir William, his essay in praise of the ancient writers.

Ten Hours Bill, the Speech on.

Ten Thousand, Xenophon's Expedition of the, its character.

Terror, Reign of, commencement of the, in France.
Members of the Committee of Public Safety.
Robespierre's fiendish decree.
End of the Revolutionary Tribunal.

Themistocles, his eloquence.

Theological Tests in the Scotch Universities, the Speech on.

Theo-philanthropy in France.

Thermidor, the memorable ninth of.

Thrales, Dr Johnson's connection with the.

Thucydides, character of the speeches of the ancients, as
transmitted to us by him.
His historical shortcomings.
His history compared with that of Herodotus.
Management of his perspective in history.
His speeches put into the mouths of his characters.
His deficiencies.
School in which he studied.
His style and philosophy.
Regarded as a delineator of character.

Thurlow, Lord, retains the Great Seal under Lord Rockingham.
Again Lord Chancellor.

Tiberius Caesar, Tacitus's delineation of the character of.

Tinkers in the seventeenth century.

Tinville, Fouquier, his introduction to the Revolutionary
Tribunal of Paris.
Placed under arrest.

Tirzah and Ahirad, marriage of.

Toulon, Barere's proposal to destroy it.

Traveller, Goldsmith's, publication of the.
Its noble and simple design.

United States of America, rapid increase of the human race in
Causes of this.
Results of four censuses.
Number of slaves in the Union in 1810.
And of emigrants to the United States in 1817.
Recognition of the independence of the States.
Surrender of Cornwallis.

Universal Suffrage.

Uses, Statute of, its practical value.

One of the principal tenets of.
Style of writing admired by Utilitarians.
Barren theories of the Utilitarians.
Duty of exposing the fallacy of their arguments.
Lord Bacon's description of the Utilitarian philosophy.
Mr Bentham's exposition of the Utilitarian principle.
Remarks on the Utilitarian theory of government.
Delusion of the Utilitarians.
Origin of their faults.
Real character of the sect.
Their summum bonum.

Venice, an example of the sterility of an oligarchical form of

Vergniaud, the Girondist leader, his eloquence.
His melancholy duty in the Convention.
Charged by the Mountain before the Revolutionary Committee.
His last speech.
His death.

Vienna, the deliverance of.

Virgil, idolatry of Dante for the writings of.

Virgin, Ode to the Petrarch's.

Voltaire, reluctance of the French Academy to acknowledge the
genius of.

Voters, qualifications of, Mr Mill's views regarding.

Wakefield, Vicar of, story of the publication of the.

Walker, Obadiah, the apostate.
His aspersions on Martin Luther.

Waller, Edward, character of his poetry.

Walmesley, Gilbert, his kindness to Samuel Johnson.

War, difference between, in large and small communities.

War with China, the, Speech on.

Waterloo, battle of.

"We," the editorial, its fatal influence on rising genius.

Wellesley, Sir Arthur, William Pitt's remark on.

"Wellingtoniad, a Prophetical Account of a Grand National Epic
Poem, to be entitled."

Westminster Hall compared with the Roman Forum.

Westminster Review, its defence of Mill reviewed.
And of the Utilitarian theory of government.

Wharton, Duke of, his speech in defence of Atterbury.

Whigs, the party of opposition in 1780.
Their accession to power.

Wilberforce, William, his visit to the Continent with William
Returned for York.

Wilkes, John, compared to Mirabeau.

Williams, Mrs, in Dr Johnson's house.

Women, condition of, among the Greeks.
Among the Romans.
Superstitious veneration with which they were regarded by the
warriors of the north of Europe.
Their insight into motives.
Rejected by Mr Mill from all share in government.
Identity of interest between the sexes.
Right of women to vote as well as men.

Wordsworth, William, his egotism as exhibited in his writings.

World, The.
Its remarks on the literary genius of Johnson.

Xenophon, historical value of his treatise on Domestic Economy.
Character of his history.
His life of Cyrus.
His expedition of the Ten Thousand and History of Grecian
His superstition and horror of popular turbulence.
Regarded as a delineator of character.

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