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abominable one, Diabolus?' And they said, 'We did more than suffer
it, Lord; for we chose it of our own mind.' The Prince asked
further, saying, 'Could you have been content that your slavery
should have continued under his tyranny as long as you had lived?'
Then said the prisoners, 'Yes, Lord, yes; for his ways were
pleasing to our flesh, and we were grown aliens to a better
state.'--'And did you,' said he, 'when I came up against this town
of Mansoul, heartily wish that I might not have the victory over
you?'--'Yes, Lord, yes,' said they. Then said the Prince, 'And
what punishment is it, think you, that you deserve at my hand, for
these and other your high and mighty sins?'--And they said, 'Both
death and the deep, Lord; for we have deserved no less.' He asked
again if they had aught to say for themselves why the sentence,
that they confessed that they had deserved, should not be passed
upon them? And they said, 'We can say nothing, Lord: thou art
just, for we have sinned.' Then said the Prince, 'And for what are
those ropes on your heads?' The prisoners answered, 'These ropes
are to bind us withal to the place of execution, if mercy be not
pleasing in thy sight.' So he further asked if all the men in the
town of Mansoul were in this confession, as they? And they
answered, 'All the natives, Lord; but for the Diabolonians that
came into our town when the tyrant got possession of us, we can say
nothing for them.'
Then the Prince commanded that a herald should be called, and that
he should, in the midst and throughout the camp of Emmanuel,
proclaim, and that with sound of trumpet, that the Prince, the Son
of Shaddai, had, in his Father's name, and for his Father's glory,
gotten a perfect conquest and victory over Mansoul; and that the
prisoners should follow him, and say Amen. So, this was done as he
had commanded. And presently the music that was in the upper
region sounded melodiously, the captains that were in the camp
shouted, and the soldiers did sing songs of triumph to the Prince;
the colours waved in the wind, and great joy was everywhere, only
it was wanting as yet in the hearts of the men of Mansoul.
Then the Prince called for the prisoners to come and to stand again
before him, and they came and stood trembling. And he said unto
them, 'The sins, trespasses, iniquities, that you, with the whole
town of Mansoul, have from time to time committed against my Father
and me, I have power and commandment from my Father to forgive to
the town of Mansoul, and do forgive you accordingly.' And having
so said, he gave them, written in parchment, and sealed with seven
seals, a large and general pardon, commanding my Lord Mayor, my
Lord Willbewill, and Mr. Recorder, to proclaim and cause it to be
proclaimed to-morrow, by that the sun is up, throughout the whole
town of Mansoul.
Moreover, the Prince stripped the prisoners of their mourning
weeds, and gave them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning,
and the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness.
Then he gave to each of the three jewels of gold and precious
stones, and took away their ropes, and put chains of gold about
their necks, and ear-rings in their ears. Now, the prisoners, when
they did hear the gracious words of Prince Emmanuel, and had beheld
all that was done unto them, fainted almost quite away; for the
grace, the benefit, the pardon, was sudden, glorious, and so big,
that they were not able, without staggering, to stand up under it.
Yea, my Lord Willbewill swooned outright; but the Prince stepped to
him, put his everlasting arms under him, embraced him, kissed him,
and bid him be of good cheer, for all should be performed according
to his word. He also did kiss, and embrace, and smile upon the
other two that were Willbewill's companions, saying, 'Take these as
further tokens of my love, favour, and compassions to you; and I
charge you that you, Mr. Recorder, tell in the town of Mansoul what
you have heard and seen.'
Then were their fetters broken to pieces before their faces, and
cast into the air, and their steps were enlarged under them. Then
they fell down at the feet of the Prince, and kissed his feet, and
wetted them with tears: also they cried out with a mighty strong
voice, saying, 'Blessed be the glory of the Lord from this place.'
So they were bid rise up, and go to the town, and tell to Mansoul
what the Prince had done. He commanded also that one with a pipe
and tabor should go and play before them all the way into the town
of Mansoul. Then was fulfilled what they never looked for, and
they were made to possess that which they never dreamed of.
The Prince also called for the noble Captain Credence, and
commanded that he and some of his officers should march before the
noble men of Mansoul with flying colours into the town. He gave
also unto Captain Credence a charge, that about that time that the
Recorder did read the general pardon in the town of Mansoul, that
at that very time he should with flying colours march in at Eye-
gate with his ten thousands at his feet and that he should so go
until he came by the high street of the town, up to the castle
gates, and that himself should take possession thereof against his
Lord came thither. He commanded, moreover, that he should bid
Captain Judgment and Captain Execution to leave the stronghold to
him, and to withdraw from Mansoul, and to return into the camp with
speed unto the Prince.
And now was the town of Mansoul also delivered from the terror of
the first four captains and their men.
Well, I told you before how the prisoners were entertained by the
noble Prince Emmanuel, and how they behaved themselves before him,
and how he sent them away to their home with pipe and tabor going
before them. And now you must think that those of the town that
had all this while waited to hear of their death, could not but be
exercised with sadness of mind, and with thoughts that pricked like
thorns. Nor could their thoughts be kept to any one point; the
wind blew with them all this while at great uncertainties; yea,
their hearts were like a balance that had been disquieted with a
shaking hand. But at last, as they with many a long look looked
over the wall of Mansoul, they thought that they saw some returning
to the town; and thought again, Who should they be, too? Who
should they be? At last they discerned that they were the
prisoners: but can you imagine how their hearts were surprised
with wonder, specially when they perceived also in what equipage
and with what honour they were sent home. They went down to the
camp in black, but they came back to the town in white; they went
down to the camp in ropes, they came back in chains of gold; they
went down to the camp with their feet in fetters, but came back
with their steps enlarged under them; they went also to the camp
looking for death, but they came back from thence with assurance of
life; they went down to the camp with heavy hearts, but came back
again with pipe and tabor playing before them. So as soon as they
were come to Eye-gate, the poor and tottering town of Mansoul
adventured to give a shout; and they gave such a shout as made the
captains in the Prince's army leap at the sound thereof. Alas! for
them, poor hearts! who could blame them? since their dead friends
were come to life again; for it was to them as life from the dead
to see the ancients of the town of Mansoul shine in such splendour.
They looked for nothing but the axe and the block; but, behold, joy
and gladness, comfort and consolation, and such melodious notes
attending them that was sufficient to make a sick man well.
So, when they came up, they saluted each other with, 'Welcome,
welcome! and blessed be he that has spared you!' They added also,
'We see it is well with you; but how must it go with the town of
Mansoul? And will it go well with the town of Mansoul?' said they.
Then answered them the Recorder and my Lord Mayor, 'Oh! tidings!
glad tidings! good tidings of good, and of great joy to poor
Mansoul!' Then they gave another shout, that made the earth to
ring again. After this, they inquired yet more particularly how
things went in the camp, and what message they had from Emmanuel to
the town. So they told them all passages that had happened to them
at the camp, and everything that the Prince did to them. This made
Mansoul wonder at the wisdom and grace of the Prince Emmanuel.
Then they told them what they had received at his hands for the
whole town of Mansoul, and the Recorder delivered it in these
words: ' PARDON, PARDON, PARDON for Mansoul! and this shall
Mansoul know to-morrow!' Then he commanded, and they went and
summoned Mansoul to meet together in the market-place to-morrow,
then to hear their general pardon read.
But who can think what a turn, what a change, what an alteration
this hint of things did make in the countenance of the town of
Mansoul! No man of Mansoul could sleep that night for joy; in
every house there was joy and music, singing and making merry:
telling and hearing of Mansoul's happiness was then all that
Mansoul had to do; and this was the burden of all their song: 'Oh!
more of this at the rising of the sun! more of this to-morrow!'
'Who thought yesterday,' would one say, 'that this day would have
been such a day to us? And who thought, that saw our prisoners go
down in irons, that they would have returned in chains of gold?
Yea, they that judged themselves as they went to be judged of their
judge, were by his mouth acquitted, not for that they were
innocent, but of the Prince's mercy, and sent home with pipe and
tabor. But is this the common custom of princes? Do they use to
show such kind of favours to traitors? No; this is only peculiar
to Shaddai, and unto Emmanuel, his Son!'
Now morning drew on apace; wherefore the Lord Mayor, the Lord
Willbewill, and Mr. Recorder came down to the market-place at the
time that the Prince had appointed, where the townsfolk were
waiting for them: and when they came, they came in that attire,
and in that glory that the Prince had put them into the day before,
and the street was lightened with their glory. So the Mayor,
Recorder, and my Lord Willbewill drew down to Mouth-gate, which was
at the lower end of the market-place, because that of old time was
the place where they used to read public matters. Thither,
therefore, they came in their robes, and their tabrets went before
them. Now, the eagerness of the people to know the full of the
matter was great.
Then the Recorder stood up upon his feet, and, first beckoning with
his hand for silence, he read out with a loud voice the pardon.
But when he came to these words: 'The Lord, the Lord God, merciful
and gracious, pardoning iniquity, transgressions, and sins, and to
them all manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven,' etc., they
could not forbear leaping for joy. For this you must know, that
there was conjoined herewith every man's name in Mansoul; also the
seals of the pardon made a brave show.
When the Recorder had made an end of reading the pardon, the
townsmen ran up upon the walls of the town, and leaped and skipped
thereon for joy, and bowed themselves seven times with their faces
toward Emmanuel's pavilion, and shouted out aloud for joy, and
said, 'Let Emmanuel live for ever!' Then order was given to the
young men in Mansoul that they should ring the bells for joy. So
the bells did ring, and the people sing, and the music go in every
house in Mansoul.
When the Prince had sent home the three prisoners of Mansoul with
joy, and pipe and tabor, he commanded his captains, with all the
field officers and soldiers throughout his army, to be ready in
that morning, that the Recorder should read the pardon in Mansoul,
to do his further pleasure. So the morning, as I have showed,
being come, just as the Recorder had made an end of reading the
pardon, Emmanuel commanded that all the trumpets in the camp should
sound, that the colours should be displayed, half of them upon
Mount Gracious, and half of them upon Mount Justice. He commanded
also that all the captains should show themselves in all their
harness, and that the soldiers should shout for joy. Nor was
Captain Credence, though in the castle, silent in such a day; but
he, from the top of the hold, showed himself with sound of trumpet
to Mansoul and to the Prince's camp.
Thus have I showed you the manner and way that Emmanuel took to
recover the town of Mansoul from under the hand and power of the
Now, when the Prince had completed these, the outward ceremonies of
his joy, he again commanded that his captains and soldiers should
show unto Mansoul some feats of war: so they presently addressed
themselves to this work. But oh! with what agility, nimbleness,
dexterity, and bravery did these military men discover their skill
in feats of war to the now gazing town of Mansoul!
They marched, they counter-marched; they opened to the right and
left; they divided and subdivided; they closed, they wheeled, made
good their front and rear with their right and left wings, and
twenty things more, with that aptness, and then were all as the
were again, that they took--yea, ravished, the hearts that were in
Mansoul to behold it. But add to this, the handling of their arms,
the managing of their weapons of war, were marvellously taking to
Mansoul and me.
When this action was over, the whole town of Mansoul came out as
one man to the Prince in the camp to thank him, and praise him for
his abundant favour, and to beg that it would please his grace to
come unto Mansoul with his men, and there to take up their quarters
for ever: and this they did in most humble manner, bowing
themselves seven times to the ground before him. Then said he,
'All peace be to you.' So the town came nigh, and touched with the
hand the top of his golden sceptre; and they said, 'Oh! that the
Prince Emmanuel, with his captains and men of war, would dwell in
Mansoul for ever; and that his battering-rams and slings might be
lodged in her for the use and service of the Prince, and for the
help and strength of Mansoul. For,' said they, 'we have room for
thee, we have room for thy men, we have also room for thy weapons
of war, and a place to make a magazine for thy carriages. Do it,
Emmanuel, and thou shalt be King and Captain in Mansoul for ever.
Yea, govern thou also according to all the desire of thy soul, and
make thou governors and princes under thee of thy captains and men
of war, and we will become thy servants, and thy laws shall be our
They added, moreover, and prayed his Majesty to consider thereof;
'for,' said they, 'if now, after all this grace bestowed upon us,
thy miserable town of Mansoul, thou shouldest withdraw, thou and
thy captains, from us, the town of Mansoul will die. Yea,' said
they, 'our blessed Emmanuel, if thou shouldest depart from us now,
now thou hast done so much good for us, and showed so much mercy
unto us, what will follow but that our joy will be as if it had not
been, and our enemies will a second time come upon us with more
rage than at the first? Wherefore, we beseech thee, O thou, the
desire of our eyes, and the strength and life of our poor town,
accept of this motion that now we have made unto our Lord, and come
and dwell in the midst of us, and let us be thy people. Besides,
Lord, we do not know but that to this day many Diabolonians may be
yet lurking in the town of Mansoul, and they will betray us, when
thou shalt leave us, into the hand of Diabolus again; and who knows
what designs, plots, or contrivances have passed betwixt them about
these things already? Loath we are to fall again into his horrible
hands. Wherefore, let it please thee to accept of our palace for
thy place of residence, and of the houses of the best men in our
town for the reception of thy soldiers and their furniture.'
Then said the Prince, 'If I come to your town, will you suffer me
further to prosecute that which is in mine heart against mine
enemies and yours?--yea, will you help me in such undertakings?'
They answered, 'We know not what we shall do; we did not think once
that we should have been such traitors to Shaddai as we have proved
to be. What, then, shall we say to our Lord? Let him put no trust
in his saints; let the Prince dwell in our castle, and make of our
town a garrison; let him set his noble captains and his warlike
soldiers over us; yea, let him conquer us with his love, and
overcome us with his grace, and then surely shall he be but with
us, and help us, as he was and did that morning that our pardon was
read unto us. We shall comply with this our Lord, and with his
ways, and fall in with his word against the mighty.
'One word more, and thy servants have done, and in this will
trouble our Lord no more. We know not the depth of the wisdom of
thee, our Prince. Who could have thought, that had been ruled by
his reason, that so much sweet as we do now enjoy should have come
out of those bitter trials wherewith we were tried at the first!
But, Lord, let light go before, and let love come after: yea, take
us by the hand, and lead us by thy counsels, and let this always
abide upon us, that all things shall be the best for thy servants,
and come to our Mansoul, and do as it pleaseth thee. Or, Lord,
come to our Mansoul, do what thou wilt, so thou keepest us from
sinning, and makest us serviceable to thy Majesty.'
Then said the Prince to the town of Mansoul again, 'Go, return to
your houses in peace. I will willingly in this comply with your
desires; I will remove my royal pavilion, I will draw up my forces
before Eye-gate to-morrow, and so will march forwards into the town
of Mansoul. I will possess myself of your castle of Mansoul, and
will set my soldiers over you: yea, I will yet do things in
Mansoul that cannot be paralleled in any nation, country, or
kingdom under heaven.' Then did the men of Mansoul give a shout,
and returned unto their houses in peace; they also told to their
kindred and friends the good that Emmanuel had promised to Mansoul.
'And to-morrow,' said they, 'he will march into our town, and take
up his dwelling, he and his men, in Mansoul.'
Then went out the inhabitants of the town of Mansoul with haste to
the green trees and to the meadows, to gather boughs and flowers,
therewith to strew the streets against their Prince, the Son of
Shaddai, should come; they also made garlands and other fine works
to betoken how joyful they were, and should be to receive their
Emmanuel into Mansoul; yea, they strewed the street quite from Eye-
gate to the castle-gate, the place where the Prince should be.
They also prepared for his coming what music the town of Mansoul
would afford, that they might play before him to the palace, his
So, at the time appointed he makes his approach to Mansoul, and the
gates were set open for him; there also the ancients and elders of
Mansoul met him to salute him with a thousand welcomes. Then he
arose and entered Mansoul, he and all his servants. The elders of
Mansoul did also go dancing before him till he came to the castle
gates. And this was the manner of his going up thither:- He was
clad in his golden armour, he rode in his royal chariot, the
trumpets sounded about him, the colours were displayed, his ten
thousands went up at his feet, and the elders of Mansoul danced
before him. And now were the walls of the famous town of Mansoul
filled with the tramplings of the inhabitants thereof, who went up
thither to view the approach of the blessed Prince and his royal
army. Also the casements, windows, balconies, and tops of the
houses, were all now filled with persons of all sorts, to behold
how their town was to be filled with good.
Now, when he was come so far into the town as to the Recorder's
house, he commanded that one should go to Captain Credence, to know
whether the castle of Mansoul was prepared to entertain his royal
presence (for the preparation of that was left to that captain),
and word was brought that it was. Then was Captain Credence
commanded also to come forth with his power to meet the Prince, the
which was, as he had commanded, done; and he conducted him into the
castle. This done, the Prince that night did lodge in the castle
with his mighty captains and men of war, to the joy of the town of
Now, the next care of the townsfolk was, how the captains and
soldiers of the Prince's army should be quartered among them; and
the care was not how they should shut their hands of them, but how
they should fill their houses with them; for every man in Mansoul
now had that esteem of Emmanuel and his men that nothing grieved
them more than because they were not enlarged enough, every one of
them to receive the whole army of the Prince; yea, they counted it
their glory to be waiting upon them, and would, in those days, run
at their bidding like lackeys.
At last they came to this result:-
1. That Captain Innocency should quarter at Mr. Reason's.
2. That Captain Patience should quarter at Mr. Mind's. This Mr.
Mind was formerly the Lord Willbewill's clerk in time of the late
3. It was ordered that Captain Charity should quarter at Mr.
4. That Captain Good-Hope should quarter at my Lord Mayor's. Now,
for the house of the Recorder, himself desired, because his house
was next to the castle, and because from him it was ordered by the
Prince that, if need be, the alarm should be given to Mansoul,--it
was, I say, desired by him that Captain Boanerges and Captain
Conviction should take up their quarters with him, even they and
all their men.
5. As for Captain Judgment and Captain Execution, my Lord
Willbewill took them and their men to him, because he was to rule
under the Prince for the good of the town of Mansoul now, as he had
before under the tyrant Diabolus for the hurt and damage thereof.
6. And throughout the rest of the town were quartered Emmanuel's
forces; but Captain Credence, with his men, abode still in the
castle. So the Prince, his captains, and his soldiers, were lodged
in the town of Mansoul.
Now, the ancients and elders of the town of Mansoul thought that
they never should have enough of the Prince Emmanuel; his person,
his actions, his words, and behaviour, were so pleasing, so taking,
so desirable to them. Wherefore they prayed him, that though the
castle of Mansoul was his place of residence, (and they desired
that he might dwell there for ever,) yet that he would often visit
the streets, houses, and people of Mansoul. 'For,' said they,
'dread Sovereign, thy presence, thy looks, thy smiles, thy words,
are the life, and strength, and sinews of the town of Mansoul.'
Besides this, they craved that they might have, without difficulty
or interruption, continual access unto him, (so for that very
purpose he commanded that the gates should stand open,) that they
might there see the manner of his doings, the fortifications of the
place, and the royal mansion-house of the Prince.
When he spake, they all stopped their mouths and gave audience; and
when he walked, it was their delight to imitate him in his goings.
Now, upon a time, Emmanuel made a feast for the town of Mansoul;
and upon the feasting-day the townsfolk were come to the castle to
partake of his banquet; and he feasted them with all manner of
outlandish food;--food that grew not in the fields of Mansoul; nor
in all the whole Kingdom of Universe; it was food that came from
his Father's court. And so there was dish after dish set before
them, and they were commanded freely to eat. But still, when a
fresh dish was set before them, they would whisperingly say to each
other, 'What is it?' for they wist not what to call it. They drank
also of the water that was made wine, and were very merry with him.
There was music also all the while at the table; and man did eat
angels' food, and had honey given him out of the rock. So Mansoul
did eat the food that was peculiar to the court; yea, they had now
thereof to the full.
I must not forget to tell you, that as at this table there were
musicians, so they were not those of the country, nor yet of the
town of Mansoul; but they were the masters of the songs that were
sung at the court of Shaddai.
Now, after the feast was over, Emmanuel was for entertaining the
town of Mansoul with some curious riddles of secrets drawn up by
his Father's secretary, by the skill and wisdom of Shaddai; the
like to these there is not in any kingdom. These riddles were made
upon the King Shaddai himself, and upon Emmanuel his Son, and upon
his wars and doings with Mansoul.
Emmanuel also expounded unto them some of those riddles himself;
but, oh! how they were lightened! They saw what they never saw;
they could not have thought that such rarities could have been
couched in so few and such ordinary words. I told you before, whom
these riddles did concern; and as they were opened, the people did
evidently see it was so. Yea, they did gather that the things
themselves were a kind of a portraiture, and that of Emmanuel
himself; for when they read in the scheme where the riddles were
writ, and looked in the face of the Prince, things looked so like
the one to the other, that Mansoul could not forbear but say, 'This
is the lamb! this is the sacrifice! this is the rock! this is the
red cow! this is the door! and this is the way!' with a great many
other things more.
And thus he dismissed the town of Mansoul. But can you imagine how
the people of the corporation were taken with this entertainment!
Oh! they were transported with joy, they were drowned with
wonderment, while they saw and understood, and considered what
their Emmanuel entertained them withal, and what mysteries he
opened to them. And when they were at home in their houses, and in
their most retired places, they could not but sing of him and of
his actions. Yea, so taken were the townsmen now with their
Prince, that they would sing of him in their sleep.
Now, it was in the heart of the Prince Emmanuel to new-model the
town of Mansoul, and to put it into such a condition as might be
most pleasing to him, and that might best stand with the profit and
security of the now flourishing town of Mansoul. He provided also
against insurrections at home, and invasions from abroad, such love
had he for the famous town of Mansoul.
Wherefore he first of all commanded that the great slings that were
brought from his Father's court, when he came to the war of
Mansoul, should be mounted, some upon the battlements of the
castle, some upon the towers; for there were towers in the town of
Mansoul, towers, new-built by Emmanuel since he came hither. There
was also an instrument, invented by Emmanuel, that was to throw
stones from the castle of Mansoul, out at Mouth-gate; an instrument
that could not be resisted, nor that would miss of execution.
Wherefore, for the wonderful exploits that it did when used, it
went without a name; and it was committed to the care of, and to be
managed by the brave captain, the Captain Credence, in case of war.
This done, Emmanuel called the Lord Willbewill to him, and gave him
in commandment to take care of the gates, the wall, and towers in
Mansoul; also the Prince gave him the militia into his hand, and a
special charge to withstand all insurrections and tumults that
might be made in Mansoul against the peace of our Lord the King,
and the peace and tranquillity of the town of Mansoul. He also
gave him in commission, that if he found any of the Diabolonians
lurking in any corner of the famous town of Mansoul, he should
forthwith apprehend them, and stay them, or commit them to safe
custody, that they may be proceeded against according to law.
Then he called unto him the Lord Understanding, who was the old
Lord Mayor, he that was put out of place when Diabolus took the
town, and put him into his former office again, and it became his
place for his lifetime. He bid him also that he should build him a
palace near Eye-gate; and that he should build it in fashion like a
tower for defence. He bid him also that he should read in the
Revelation of Mysteries all the days of his life, that he might
know how to perform his office aright.
He also made Mr. Knowledge the Recorder, not of contempt to old Mr.
Conscience, who had been Recorder before, but for that it was in
his princely mind to confer upon Mr. Conscience another employ, of
which he told the old gentleman he should know more hereafter.
Then he commanded that the image of Diabolus should be taken down
from the place where it was set up, and that they should destroy it
utterly, beating it into powder, and casting it into the wind
without the town wall; and that the image of Shaddai, his Father,
should be set up again, with his own, upon the castle gates; and
that it should be more fairly drawn than ever, forasmuch as both
his Father and himself were come to Mansoul in more grace and mercy
than heretofore. He would also that his name should be fairly
engraven upon the front of the town, and that it should be done in
the best of gold, for the honour of the town of Mansoul.
After this was done, Emmanuel gave out a commandment that those
three great Diabolonians should be apprehended, namely, the two
late Lord Mayors, to wit, Mr. Incredulity, Mr. Lustings, and Mr.
Forget-Good, the Recorder. Besides these, there were some of them
that Diabolus made burgesses and aldermen in Mansoul, that were
committed to ward by the hand of the now valiant and now right
noble, the brave Lord Willbewill.
And these were their names: Alderman Atheism, Alderman Hard-Heart,
and Alderman False-Peace. The burgesses were, Mr. No-Truth, Mr.
Pitiless, Mr. Haughty, with the like. These were committed to
close custody, and the gaoler's name was Mr. True-Man. This True-
Man was one of those that Emmanuel brought with him from his
Father's court when at the first he made a war upon Diabolus in the
town or Mansoul.
After this, the Prince gave a charge that the three strongholds
that, at the command of Diabolus, the Diabolonians built in
Mansoul, should be demolished and utterly pulled down; of which
holds and their names, with their captains and governors, you read
a little before. But this was long in doing, because of the
largeness of the places, and because the stones, the timber, the
iron, and all rubbish, was to be carried without the town.
When this was done, the Prince gave order that the Lord Mayor and
aldermen of Mansoul should call a court of judicature for the trial
and execution of the Diabolonians in the corporation now under the
charge of Mr. True-Man, the gaoler.
Now, when the time was come, and the court set, commandment was
sent to Mr. True-Man, the gaoler, to bring the prisoners down to
the bar. Then were the prisoners brought down, pinioned and
chained together, as the custom of the town of Mansoul was. So,
when they were presented before the Lord Mayor, the Recorder, and
the rest of the honourable bench, first, the jury was empannelled,
and then the witnesses sworn. The names of the jury were these:
Mr. Belief, Mr. True-Heart, Mr. Upright, Mr. Hate-Bad, Mr. Love-
God, Mr. See-Truth, Mr. Heavenly-Mind, Mr. Moderate, Mr. Thankful,
Mr. Good-Work, Mr. Zeal-for-God, and Mr. Humble.
The names of the witnesses were--Mr. Know-All, Mr. Tell-True, Mr.
Hate-Lies, with my Lord Willbewill and his man, if need were.
So the prisoners were set to the bar. Then said Mr. Do-Right, (for
he was the Town-Clerk,) 'Set Atheism to the bar, gaoler.' So he
was set to the bar. Then said the Clerk, 'Atheism, hold up thy
hand. Thou art here indicted by the name of Atheism, (an intruder
upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou hast perniciously and
doltishly taught and maintained that there is no God, and so no
heed to be taken to religion. This thou hast done against the
being, honour, and glory of the King, and against the peace and
safety of the town of Mansoul. What sayest thou? Art thou guilty
of this indictment, or not?
Atheism. Not guilty.
Crier. Call Mr. Know-All, Mr. Tell-True, and Mr. Hate-Lies into
So they were called, and they appeared.
Then said the Clerk, 'You, the witnesses for the King, look upon
the prisoner at the bar; do you know him?'
Then said Mr. Know-All, 'Yes, my lord, we know him; his name is
Atheism; he has been a very pestilent fellow for many years in the
miserable town of Mansoul.'
Clerk. You are sure you know him?
Know. Know him! Yes my lord; I have heretofore too often been in
his company to be at this time ignorant of him. He is a
Diabolonian, the son of a Diabolonian: I knew his grandfather and
Clerk. Well said. He standeth here indicted by the name of
Atheism, etc., and is charged that he hath maintained and taught
that there is no God, and so no heed need be taken to any religion.
What say you, the King's witnesses, to this? Is he guilty or not?
Know. My lord, I and he were once in Villain's Lane together, and
he at that time did briskly talk of divers opinions; and then and
there I heard him say, that, for his part, he did believe that
there was no God. 'But,' said he, 'I can profess one, and be as
religious too, if the company I am in, and the circumstances of
other things,' said he, 'shall put me upon it.'
Clerk. You are sure you heard him say thus?
Know. Upon mine oath, I heard him say thus.
Then said the Clerk, 'Mr. Tell-True, what say you to the King's
judges touching the prisoner at the bar?'
Tell. My lord, I formerly was a great companion of his, for the
which I now repent me, and I have often heard him say, and that
with very great stomachfulness, that he believed there was neither
God, angel, nor spirit.
Clerk. Where did you hear him say so?
Tell. In Blackmouth Lane and in Blasphemer's Row, and in many
other places besides.
Clerk. Have you much knowledge of him?
Tell. I know him to be a Diabolonian, the son of a Diabolonian,
and a horrible man to deny a Deity. His father's name was Never-
be-good, and he had more children than this Atheism. I have no
more to say,
Clerk. Mr. Hate-Lies, look upon the prisoner at the bar; do you
Hate. My lord, this Atheism is one of the vilest wretches that
ever I came near, or had to do with in my life. I have heard him
say that there is no God; I have heard him say that there is no
world to come, no sin, nor punishment hereafter, and, moreover, I
have heard him say that it was as good to go to a whore-house as to
go to hear a sermon.
Clerk. Where did you hear him say these things?
Hate. In Drunkard's Row, just at Rascal-Lane's End, at a house in
which Mr. Impiety lived.
Clerk. Set him by, gaoler, and set Mr. Lustings to the bar. Mr.
Lustings, thou art here indicted by the name of Lustings, (an
intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou hast devilishly
and traitorously taught, by practice and filthy words, that it is
lawful and profitable to man to give way to his carnal desires; and
that thou, for thy part, hast not, nor never wilt, deny thyself of
any sinful delight as long as thy name is Lustings. How sayest
thou? Art thou guilty of this indictment, or not?
Then said Mr. Lustings, 'My lord, I am a man of high birth, and
have been used to pleasures and pastimes of greatness. I have not
been wont to be snubbed for my doings, but have been left to follow
my will as if it were law. And it seems strange to me that I
should this day be called into question for that, that not only I,
but almost all men, do either secretly or openly countenance, love,
and approve of.'
Clerk. Sir, we concern not ourselves with your greatness; (though
the higher, the better you should have been;) but we are concerned,
and so are you now, about an indictment preferred against you. How
say you? Are you guilty of it, or not?
Lust. Not guilty.
Clerk. Crier, call upon the witnesses to stand forth and give
Crier. Gentlemen, you, the witnesses for the King, come in and
give in your evidence for our Lord the King against the prisoner at
Clerk. Come, Mr. Know-All, look upon the prisoner at the bar; do
you know him?
Know. Yes, my lord, I know him.
Clerk. What is his name?
Know. His name is Lustings; he was the son of one Beastly, and his
mother bare him in Flesh Street: she was one Evil-Concupiscence's
daughter. I knew all the generation of them.
Clerk. Well said. You have heard his indictment; what say you to
it? Is he guilty of the things charged against him, or not?
Know. My lord, he has, as he saith, been a great man indeed, and
greater in wickedness than by pedigree more than a thousandfold.
Clerk. But what do you know of his particular actions, and
especially with reference to his indictment?
Know. I know him to be a swearer, a liar, a Sabbath-breaker; I
know him to be a fornicator and an unclean person; I know him to be
guilty of abundance of evils. He has been, to my knowledge, a very
Clerk. But where did he use to commit his wickedness? in some
private corners, or more open and shamelessly?
Know. All the town over, my lord.
Clerk. Come, Mr. Tell-True, what have you to say for our Lord the
King against the prisoner at the bar?
Tell. My lord, all that the first witness has said I know to be
true, and a great deal more besides.
Clerk. Mr. Lustings, do you hear what these gentlemen say?
Lust. I was ever of opinion that the happiest life that a man
could live on earth was to keep himself back from nothing that he
desired in the world; nor have I been false at any time to this
opinion of mine, but have lived in the love of my notions all my
days. Nor was I ever so churlish, having found such sweetness in
them myself, as to keep the commendations of them from others.
Then said the Court, 'There hath proceeded enough from his own
mouth to lay him open to condemnation; wherefore, set him by,
gaoler, and set Mr. Incredulity to the bar.'
Incredulity set to the bar.
Clerk. Mr. Incredulity, thou art here indicted by the name of
Incredulity, (an intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou
hast feloniously and wickedly, and that when thou wert an officer
in the town of Mansoul, made head against the captains of the great
King Shaddai when they came and demanded possession of Mansoul;
yea, thou didst bid defiance to the name, forces, and cause of the
King, and didst also, as did Diabolus thy captain, stir up and
encourage the town of Mansoul to make head against and resist the
said force of the King. What sayest thou to this indictment? Art
thou guilty of it, or not?
Then said Incredulity, 'I know not Shaddai; I love my old prince; I
thought it my duty to be true to my trust, and to do what I could
to possess the minds of the men of Mansoul to do their utmost to
resist strangers and foreigners, and with might to fight against
them. Nor have I, nor shall I, change mine opinion for fear of
trouble, though you at present are possessed of place and power.'
Then said the Court, 'The man, as you see, is incorrigible; he is
for maintaining his villainies by stoutness of words, and his
rebellion with impudent confidence; and therefore set him by,
gaoler, and set Mr. Forget-Good to the bar.
Forget-Good set to the bar.
Clerk. Mr. Forget-Good, thou art here indicted by the name of
Forget-Good, (an intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou,
when the whole affairs of the town of Mansoul were in thy hand,
didst utterly forget to serve them in what was good, and didst fall
in with the tyrant Diabolus against Shaddai the King, against his
captains, and all his host, to the dishonour of Shaddai, the breach
of his law, and the endangering of the destruction of the famous
town of Mansoul. What sayest thou to this indictment? Art thou
guilty or not guilty?
Then said Forget-Good: 'Gentlemen, and at this time my judges, as
to the indictment by which I stand of several crimes accused before
you, pray attribute my forgetfulness to mine age, and not to my
wilfulness; to the craziness of my brain, and not to the
carelessness of my mind; and then I hope I may be by your charity
excused from great punishment, though I be guilty.'
Then said the Court, 'Forget-Good, Forget-Good, thy forgetfulness
of good was not simply of frailty, but of purpose, and for that
thou didst loathe to keep virtuous things in thy mind. What was
bad thou couldst retain, but what was good thou couldst not abide
to think of; thy age, therefore, and thy pretended craziness, thou
makest use of to blind the court withal, and as a cloak to cover
thy knavery. But let us hear what the witnesses have to say for
the King against the prisoner at the bar. Is he guilty of this
indictment, or not?'
Hate. My lord, I have heard this Forget-Good say, that he could
never abide to think of goodness, no, not for a quarter of an hour.
Clerk. Where did you hear him say so?
Hate. In All-base Lane, at a house next door to the sign of the
Conscience seared with a hot iron.
Clerk. Mr. Know-All, what can you say for our Lord the King
against the prisoner at the bar?
Know. My lord, I know this man well. He is a Diabolonian, the son
of a Diabolonian: his father's name was Love-Naught; and for him,
I have often heard him say, that he counted the very thoughts of
goodness the most burdensome thing in the world.
Clerk. Where have you heard him say these words?
Know. In Flesh Lane, right opposite to the church.
Then said the Clerk, 'Come, Mr. Tell-True, give in your evidence
concerning the prisoner at the bar, about that for which he stands
here, as you see, indicted by this honourable Court.'
Tell. My lord, I have heard him often say he had rather think of
the vilest thing than of what is contained in the Holy Scriptures.
Clerk. Where did you hear him say such grievous words?
Tell. Where?--in a great many places, particularly in Nauseous
Street, in the house of one Shameless, and in Filth Lane, at the
sign of the Reprobate, next door to the Descent into the Pit.
Court. Gentlemen, you have heard the indictment, his plea, and the
testimony of the witnesses. Gaoler, set Mr. Hard-Heart to the bar.
He is set to the bar.
Clerk. Mr. Hard-Heart, thou art here indicted by the name of Hard-
Heart, (an intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou didst
most desperately and wickedly possess the town of Mansoul with
impenitency and obdurateness; and didst keep them from remorse and
sorrow for their evils, all the time of their apostacy from and
rebellion against the blessed King Shaddai. What sayest thou to
this indictment? Art thou guilty, or not guilty?
Hard. My lord, I never knew what remorse or sorrow meant in all my
life. I am impenetrable. I care for no man; nor can I be pierced
with men's griefs; their groans will not enter into my heart.
Whomsoever I mischief, whomsoever I wrong, to me it is music, when
to others mourning.
Court. You see the man is a right Diabolonian, and has convicted
himself. Set him by, gaoler, and set Mr. False-Peace to the bar.
False-Peace set to the bar.
"Mr. False-Peace, thou art here indicted by the name of False-
Peace, (an intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou didst
most wickedly and satanically bring, hold, and keep the town of
Mansoul, both in her apostacy and in her hellish rebellion, in a
false, groundless, and dangerous peace, and damnable security, to
the dishonour of the King, the transgression of his law, and the
great damage of the town of Mansoul. What sayest thou? Art thou
guilty of this indictment, or not?
Then said Mr. False-Peace: 'Gentlemen, and you now appointed to be
my judges, I acknowledge that my name is Mr. Peace; but that my
name is False-Peace I utterly deny. If your honours shall please
to send for any that do intimately know me, or for the midwife that
laid my mother of me, or for the gossips that were at my
christening, they will, any or all of them, prove that my name is
not False-Peace, but Peace. Wherefore I cannot plead to this
indictment, forasmuch as my name is not inserted therein; and as is
my true name, so are also my conditions. I was always a man that
loved to live at quiet, and what I loved myself, that I thought
others might love also. Wherefore, when I saw any of my neighbours
to labour under a disquieted mind, I endeavoured to help them what
I could; and instances of this good temper of mine many I could
'1. When, at the beginning, our town of Mansoul did decline the
ways of Shaddai, they, some of them, afterwards began to have
disquieting reflections upon themselves for what they had done; but
I, as one troubled to see them disquieted, presently sought out
means to get them quiet again.
'2. When the ways of the old world, and of Sodom, were in fashion,
if anything happened to molest those that were for the customs of
the present times, I laboured to make them quiet again, and to
cause them to act without molestation.
'3. To come nearer home: when the wars fell out between Shaddai
and Diabolus, if at any time I saw any of the town of Mansoul
afraid of destruction, I often used, by some way, device,
invention, or other, to labour to bring them to peace again.
Wherefore, since I have been always a man of so virtuous a temper
as some say a peace-maker is, and if a peace-maker be so deserving
a man as some have been bold to attest he is, then let me,
gentlemen, be accounted by you, who have a great name for justice
and equity in Mansoul, for a man that deserveth not this inhuman
way of treatment, but liberty, and also a license to seek damage of
those that have been my accusers.'
Then said the clerk, 'Crier, make a proclamation.'
Crier. Oyes! Forasmuch as the prisoner at the bar hath denied his
name to be that which is mentioned in the indictment, the Court
requireth that if there be any in this place that can give
information to the Court of the original and right name of the
prisoner, they would come forth and give in their evidence; for the
prisoner stands upon his own innocency.
Then came two into the court, and desired that they might have
leave to speak what they knew concerning the prisoner at the bar:
the name of the one was Search-Truth, and the name of the other
Vouch-Truth. So the Court demanded of these men if they knew the
prisoner, and what they could say concerning him, 'for he stands,'
said they, 'upon his own vindication.'
Then said Mr. Search-Truth, 'My Lord, I--'
Court. Hold! give him his oath.
Then they sware him. So he proceeded.
Search. My lord, I know and have known this man from a child, and
can attest that his name is False-Peace. I know his father; his
name was Mr. Flatter: and his mother, before she was married, was
called by the name of Mrs. Sooth-Up: and these two, when they came
together, lived not long without this son; and when he was born,
they called his name False-Peace. I was his play-fellow, only I
was somewhat older than he; and when his mother did use to call him
home from his play, she used to say, 'False-Peace, False-Peace,
come home quick, or I'll fetch you.' Yea, I knew him when he
sucked; and though I was then but little, yet I can remember that
when his mother did use to sit at the door with him, or did play
with him in her arms, she would call him, twenty times together,
'My little False-Peace! my pretty False-Peace!' and, 'Oh! my sweet
rogue, False-Peace!' and again, 'Oh! my little bird, False-Peace!'
and 'How do I love my child!' The gossips also know it is thus,
though he has had the face to deny it in open court.
Then Mr. Vouch-Truth was called upon to speak what he knew of him.
So they sware him.
Then said Mr. Vouch-Truth, 'My lord, all that the former witness
hath said is true. His name is False-Peace, the son of Mr.
Flatter, and of Mrs. Sooth-Up, his mother: and I have in former
times seen him angry with those that have called him anything else
but False-Peace, for he would say that all such did mock and
nickname him; but this was in the time when Mr. False-Peace was a
great man, and when the Diabolonians were the brave men in Mansoul.
Court. Gentlemen, you have heard what these two men have sworn
against the prisoner at the bar. And now, Mr. False-Peace, to you:
you have denied your name to be False-Peace, yet you see that these
honest men have sworn that that is your name. As to your plea, in
that you are quite besides the matter of your indictment, you are
not by it charged for evil-doing because you are a man of peace, or
a peace-maker among your neighbours; but for that you did wickedly
and satanically bring, keep, and hold the town of Mansoul, both
under its apostasy from, and in its rebellion against its King, in
a false, lying, and damnable peace, contrary to the law of Shaddai,
and to the hazard of the destruction of the then miserable town of
Mansoul. All that you have pleaded for yourself is, that you have
denied your name, etc.; but here, you see, we have witnesses to
prove that you are the man. For the peace that you so much boast
of making among your neighbours, know that peace that is not a
companion of truth and holiness, but that which is without this
foundation, is grounded upon a lie, and is both deceitful and
damnable, as also the great Shaddai hath said. Thy plea,
therefore, has not delivered thee from what by the indictment thou
art charged with, but rather it doth fasten all upon thee. But
thou shalt have very fair play. Let us call the witnesses that are
to testify as to matter of fact, and see what they have to say for
our Lord the King against the prisoner at the bar.
Clerk. Mr. Know-All, what say you for our Lord the King against
the prisoner at the bar?
Know. My lord, this man hath of a long time made it, to my
knowledge, his business to keep the town of Mansoul in a sinful
quietness in the midst of all her lewdness, filthiness, and
turmoils, and hath said, and that in my hearing, Come, come, let us
fly from all trouble, on what ground soever it comes, and let us be
for a quiet and peaceable life, though it wanteth a good
Clerk. Come, Mr. Hate-Lies, what have you to say?
Hate. My lord, I have heard him say, that peace, though in a way
of unrighteousness, is better than trouble with truth.
Clerk. Where did you hear him say this?
Hate. I heard him say it in Folly-yard, at the house of one Mr.
Simple, next door to the sign of the Self-deceiver. Yea, he hath
said this to my knowledge twenty times in that place.
Clerk. We may spare further witness; this evidence is plain and
full. Set him by, gaoler, and set Mr. No-Truth to the bar. Mr.
No-Truth, thou art here indicted by the name of No-Truth, (an
intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou hast always, to
the dishonour of Shaddai, and the endangering of the utter ruin of
the famous town of Mansoul, set thyself to deface, and utterly to
spoil, all the remainders of the law and image of Shaddai that have
been found in Mansoul after her deep apostasy from her king to
Diabolus, the envious tyrant. What sayest thou, art thou guilty of
this indictment, or not?
No. Not guilty, my lord.
Then the witnesses were called, and Mr. Know-All did first give in
his evidence against him.
Know. My lord, this man was at the pulling down of the image of
Shaddai; yea, this is he that did it with his own hands. I myself
stood by and saw him do it, and he did it at the commandment of
Diabolus. Yea, this Mr. No-Truth did more than this, he did also
set up the horned image of the beast Diabolus in the same place.
This also is he that, at the bidding of Diabolus, did rend and
tear, and cause to be consumed, all that he could of the remainders
of the law of the King, even whatever he could lay his hands on in
Clerk. Who saw him do this besides yourself?
Hate. I did, my lord, and so did many more besides; for this was
not done by stealth, or in a corner, but in the open view of all;
yea, he chose himself to do it publicly, for he delighted in the
doing of it.
Clerk. Mr. No-Truth, how could you have the face to plead not
guilty, when you were so manifestly the doer of all this
No. Sir, I thought I must say something, and as my name is, so I
speak. I have been advantaged thereby before now, and did not know
but by speaking no truth, I might have reaped the same benefit now.
Clerk. Set him by, gaoler, and set Mr. Pitiless to the bar. Mr.
Pitiless, thou art here indicted by the name of Pitiless, (an
intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou didst most
traitorously and wickedly shut up all bowels of compassion, and
wouldest not suffer poor Mansoul to condole her own misery when she
had apostatised from her rightful King, but didst evade, and at all
times turn her mind awry from those thoughts that had in them a
tendency to lead her to repentance. What sayest thou to this
indictment? Guilty or not guilty?
'Not guilty of pitilessness: all I did was to cheer up, according
to my name, for my name is not Pitiless, but Cheer-up; and I could
not abide to see Mansoul inclined to melancholy.'
Clerk. How! do you deny your name, and say it is not Pitiless, but
Cheer-up? Call for the witnesses. What say you, the witnesses, to
Know. My lord, his name is Pitiless; so he hath written himself in
all papers of concern wherein he has had to do. But these
Diabolonians love to counterfeit their names: Mr. Covetousness
covers himself with the name of Good-Husbandry, or the like; Mr.
Pride can, when need is, call himself Mr. Neat, Mr. Handsome, or
the like; and so of all the rest of them.
Clerk. Mr. Tell-True, what say you?
Tell. His name is Pitiless, my lord. I have known him from a
child, and he hath done all that wickedness whereof he stands
charged in the indictment; but there is a company of them that are
not acquainted with the danger of damning, therefore they call all
those melancholy that have serious thoughts how that state should
be shunned by them.
Clerk. Set Mr. Haughty to the bar, gaoler. Mr. Haughty, thou art
here indicted by the name of Haughty, (an intruder upon the town of
Mansoul,) for that thou didst most traitorously and devilishly
teach the town of Mansoul to carry it loftily and stoutly against
the summons that was given them by the captains of the King
Shaddai. Thou didst also teach the town of Mansoul to speak
contemptuously and vilifyingly of their great King Shaddai; and
didst moreover encourage, both by words and examples, Mansoul, to
take up arms both against the King and his son Emmanuel. How
sayest thou, art thou guilty of this indictment, or not?
Haughty. Gentlemen, I have always been a man of courage and
valour, and have not used, when under the greatest clouds, to sneak
or hang down the head like a bulrush; nor did it at all at any time
please me to see men veil their bonnets to those that have opposed
them; yea, though their adversaries seemed to have ten times the
advantage of them. I did not use to consider who was my foe, nor
what the cause was in which I was engaged. It was enough to me if
I carried it bravely, fought like a man, and came off a victor.
Court. Mr. Haughty, you are not here indicted for that you have
been a valiant man, nor for your courage and stoutness in times of
distress, but for that you have made use of this your pretended
valour to draw the town of Mansoul into acts of rebellion both
against the great King, and Emmanuel his Son. This is the crime
and the thing wherewith thou art charged in and by the indictment.
But he made no answer to that.
Now when the Court had thus far proceeded against the prisoners at
the bar, then they put them over to the verdict of their jury, to
whom they did apply themselves after this manner:
'Gentlemen of the jury, you have been here, and have seen these
men; you have heard their indictments, their pleas, and what the
witnesses have testified against them: now what remains, is, that
you do forthwith withdraw yourselves to some place, where without
confusion you may consider of what verdict, in a way of truth and
righteousness, you ought to bring in for the King against them, and
so bring it in accordingly.'
Then the jury, to wit, Mr. Belief, Mr. True-Heart, Mr. Upright, Mr.
Hate-bad, Mr. Love-God, Mr. See-Truth, Mr. Heavenly-Mind, Mr.
Moderate, Mr. Thankful, Mr. Humble, Mr. Good-Work, and Mr. Zeal-
for-God, withdrew themselves in order to their work. Now when they
were shut up by themselves, they fell to discourse among themselves
in order to the drawing up of their verdict.
And thus Mr. Belief (for he was the foreman) began: 'Gentlemen,'
quoth he, 'for the men, the prisoners at the bar, for my part I
believe that they all deserve death.' 'Very right,' said Mr. True-
Heart; 'I am wholly of your opinion.' 'Oh what a mercy is it,'
said Mr. Hate-Bad, 'that such villains as these are apprehended!'
'Ay! ay!' said Mr. Love-God, 'this is one of the joyfullest days
that ever I saw in my life.' Then said Mr. See-Truth, 'I know that
if we judge them to death, our verdict shall stand before Shaddai
himself' 'Nor do I at all question it,' said Mr. Heavenly-Mind; he
said, moreover, 'When all such beasts as these are cast out of
Mansoul, what a goodly town will it be then!' 'Then,' said Mr.
Moderate, 'it is not my manner to pass my judgment with rashness;
but for these their crimes are so notorious, and the witness so
palpable, that that man must be wilfully blind who saith the
prisoners ought not to die.' 'Blessed be God,' said Mr. Thankful,
'that the traitors are in safe custody.' 'And I join with you in
this upon my bare knees,' said Mr. Humble. 'I am glad also,' said
Mr. Good-Work. Then said the warm man, and true-hearted Mr. Zeal-
for-God, 'Cut them off; they have been the plague, and have sought
the destruction of Mansoul.'
Thus, therefore, being all agreed in their verdict, they come
instantly into the Court.
Clerk. Gentlemen of the jury, answer all to your names: Mr.
Belief, one; Mr. True-Heart, two; Mr. Upright, three; Mr. Hate-Bad,
four; Mr. Love-God, five; Mr. See-Truth, six; Mr. Heavenly-mind,
seven; Mr. Moderate, eight; Mr. Thankful, nine; Mr. Humble, ten;
Mr. Good-Work, eleven; and Mr. Zeal-for-God, twelve. Good men and
true, stand together in your verdict: are you all agreed?
Jury. Yes, my lord.
Clerk. Who shall speak for you?
Jury. Our foreman.
Clerk. You, the gentlemen of the jury, being empannelled for our
Lord the King, to serve here in a matter of life and death, have
heard the trials of each of these men, the prisoners at the bar:
what say you? are they guilty of that, and those crimes for which
they stand here indicted, or are they not guilty?
Foreman. Guilty, my lord.
Clerk. Look to your prisoners, gaoler.
This was done in the morning, and in the afternoon they received
the sentence of death according to the law.
The gaoler, therefore, having received such a charge, put them all
in the inward prison, to preserve them there till the day of
execution, which was to be the next day in the morning.
But now to see how it happened, one of the prisoners, Incredulity
by name, in the interim betwixt the sentence and the time of
execution, brake prison and made his escape, and gets him away
quite out of the town of Mansoul, and lay lurking in such places
and holes as he might, until he should again have opportunity to do
the town of Mansoul a mischief for their thus handling of him as
Now when Mr. Trueman, the gaoler, perceived that he had lost his
prisoner, he was in a heavy taking, because that prisoner was, to
speak on, the very worst of all the gang: wherefore first he goes
and acquaints my Lord Mayor, Mr. Recorder, and my Lord Willbewill,
with the matter, and to get of them an order to make search for him
throughout the town of Mansoul. So an order he got, and search was
made, but no such man could now be found in all the town of
All that could be gathered was, that he had lurked a while about
the outside of the town, and that here and there one or other had a
glimpse of him as he did make his escape out of Mansoul; one or two
also did affirm that they saw him without the town, going apace
quite over the plain. Now when he was quite gone, it was affirmed
by one Mr. Did-see, that he ranged all over dry places, till he met
with Diabolus, his friend, and where should they meet one another
but just upon Hell-gate hill.
But oh! what a lamentable story did the old gentleman tell to
Diabolus concerning what sad alteration Emmanuel had made in
As, first, how Mansoul had, after some delays, received a general
pardon at the hands of Emmanuel, and that they had invited him into
the town, and that they had given him the castle for his
possession. He said, moreover, that they had called his soldiers
into the town, coveted who should quarter the most of them; they
also entertained him with the timbrel, song, and dance. 'But
that,' said Incredulity, 'which is the sorest vexation to me is,
that he hath pulled down, O father, thy image, and set up his own;
pulled down thy officers and set up his own. Yea, and Willbewill,
that rebel, who, one would have thought, should never have turned
from us, he is now in as great favour with Emmanuel as ever he was
with thee. But, besides all this, this Willbewill has received a
special commission from his master to search for, to apprehend, and
to put to death all, and all manner of Diabolonians that he shall
find in Mansoul: yea, and this Willbewill has taken and committed
to prison already eight of my Lord's most trusty friends in
Mansoul. Nay, further, my Lord, with grief I speak it, they have
been all arraigned, condemned, and, I doubt, before this executed
in Mansoul. I told my Lord of eight, and myself was the ninth, who
should assuredly have drunk of the same cup, but that through
craft, I, as thou seest, have made mine escape from them.'
When Diabolus had heard this lamentable story, he yelled and
snuffed up the wind like a dragon, and made the sky to look dark
with his roaring; he also sware that he would try to be revenged on
Mansoul for this. So they, both he and his old friend Incredulity,
concluded to enter into great consultation, how they might get the
town of Mansoul again.
Now, before this time, the day was come in which the prisoners in
Mansoul were to be executed. So they were brought to the cross,
and that by Mansoul, in most solemn manner; for the Prince said
that this should be done by the hand of the town of Mansoul, 'that
I may see,' said he, 'the forwardness of my now redeemed Mansoul to
keep my word, and to do my commandments; and that I may bless
Mansoul in doing this deed. Proof of sincerity pleases me well;
let Mansoul therefore first lay their hands upon these Diabolonians
to destroy them.'
So the town of Mansoul slew them, according to the word of their
Prince; but when the prisoners were brought to the cross to die,
you can hardly believe what troublesome work Mansoul had of it to
put the Diabolonians to death; for the men, knowing that they must
die, and every of them having implacable enmity in their hearts to
Mansoul, what did they but took courage at the cross, and there
resisted the men of the town of Mansoul? Wherefore the men of
Mansoul were forced to cry out for help to the captains and men of
war. Now the great Shaddai had a secretary in the town, and he was
a great lover of the men of Mansoul, and he was at the place of
execution also; so he, hearing the men of Mansoul cry out against
the strugglings and unruliness of the prisoners, rose up from his
place, and came and put his hands upon the hands of the men of
Mansoul. So they crucified the Diabolonians that had been a
plague, a grief, and an offence to the town of Mansoul.
Now, when this good work was done, the Prince came down to see, to
visit, and to speak comfortably to the men of Mansoul, and to
strengthen their hands in such work. And he said to them that, by
this act of theirs he had proved them, and found them to be lovers
of his person, observers of his laws, and such as had also respect
to his honour. He said, moreover, (to show them that they by this
should not be losers, nor their town weakened by the loss of them,)
that he would make them another captain, and that of one of
themselves. And that this captain should be the ruler of a
thousand, for the good and benefit of the now flourishing town of
So he called one to him whose name was Waiting, and bid him, 'Go
quickly up to the castle gate, and inquire there for one Mr.
Experience, that waiteth upon that noble captain, the Captain
Credence, and bid him come hither to me.' So the messenger that
waited upon the good Prince Emmanuel went and said as he was
commanded. Now the young gentleman was waiting to see the captain
train and muster his men in the castle yard. Then said Mr. Waiting
to him, 'Sir, the Prince would that you should come down to his
highness forthwith.' So he brought him down to Emmanuel, and he
came and made obeisance before him. Now the men of the town knew
Mr. Experience well, for he was born and bred in Mansoul; they also
knew him to be a man of conduct, of valour, and a person prudent in
matters; he was also a comely person, well-spoken, and very
successful in his undertakings.
Wherefore the hearts of the townsmen were transported with joy when
they saw that the Prince himself was so taken with Mr. Experience,
that he would needs make him a captain over a band of men.
So with one consent they bowed the knee before Emmanuel, and with a
shout said, 'Let Emmanuel live for ever!' Then said the Prince to
the young gentleman, whose name was Mr. Experience, 'I have thought
good to confer upon thee a place of trust and honour in this my
town of Mansoul.' Then the young man bowed his head and
worshipped. 'It is,' said Emmanuel, 'that thou shouldest be a
captain, a captain over a thousand men in my beloved town of
Mansoul.' Then said the captain, 'Let the King live!' So the
Prince gave out orders forthwith to the King's secretary, that he
should draw up for Mr. Experience a commission to make him a
captain over a thousand men. 'And let it be brought to me,' said
he, 'that I may set to my seal.' So it was done as it was
commanded. The commission was drawn up, brought to Emmanuel, and
he set his seal thereto. Then, by the hand of Mr. Waiting, he sent
it away to the captain.
Now as soon as the captain had received his commission, he sounded
his trumpet for volunteers, and young men came to him apace; yea,
the greatest and chief men in the town sent their sons, to be
listed under his command. Thus Captain Experience came under
command to Emmanuel, for the good of the town of Mansoul. He had
for his lieutenant one Mr. Skilful, and for his cornet one Mr.
Memory. His under officers I need not name. His colours were the
white colours for the town of Mansoul; and his scutcheon was the
dead lion and dead bear. So the Prince returned to his royal
Now when he was returned thither, the elders of the town of
Mansoul, to wit, the Lord Mayor, the Recorder, and the Lord
Willbewill, went to congratulate him, and in special way to thank
him for his love, care, and the tender compassion which he showed
to his ever-obliged town of Mansoul. So after a while, and some
sweet communion between them, the townsmen having solemnly ended
their ceremony, returned to their place again.
Emmanuel also at this time appointed them a day wherein he would
renew their charter, yea, wherein he would renew and enlarge it,
mending several faults therein, that Mansoul's yoke might be yet
more easy. And this he did without any desire of theirs, even of
his own frankness and noble mind. So when he had sent for and seen
their old one, he laid it by, and said, 'Now that which decayeth
and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.' He said, moreover, 'The
town of Mansoul shall have another, a better, a new one, more
steady and firm by far.' An epitome hereof take as follows:-
'Emmanuel, Prince of Peace, and a great lover of the town of
Mansoul, I do in the name of my Father, and of mine own clemency,
give, grant, and bequeath to my beloved town of Mansoul.
'First. Free, full, and everlasting forgiveness of all wrongs,
injuries, and offences done by them against my Father, me, their
neighbour, or themselves.
'Second. I do give them the holy law and my testament, with all
that therein is contained, for their everlasting comfort and
'Third. I do also give them a portion of the self-same grace and
goodness that dwells in my Father's heart and mine.
'Fourth. I do give, grant, and bestow upon them freely, the world
and what is therein, for their good; and they shall have that power
over them, as shall stand with the honour of my Father, my glory,
and their comfort: yea, I grant them the benefits of life and
death, and of things present, and things to come. This privilege
no other city, town, or corporation, shall have, but my Mansoul
'Fifth. I do give and grant them leave, and free access to me in
my palace at all seasons--to my palace above or below--there to
make known their wants to me, and I give them, moreover, a promise
that I will hear and redress all their grievances.
'Sixth. I do give, grant to, and invest the town of Mansoul with
full power and authority to seek out, take, enslave, and destroy
all, and all manner of Diabolonians that at any time, from
whencesoever, shall be found straggling in or about the town of
'Seventh. I do further grant to my beloved town of Mansoul, that
they shall have authority not to suffer any foreigner, or stranger,
or their seed, to be free in, and of the blessed town of Mansoul,
nor to share in the excellent privileges thereof. But that all the
grants, privileges, and immunities that I bestow upon the famous
town of Mansoul, shall be for those the old natives, and true
inhabitants thereof; to them, I say, and to their right seed after
'But all Diabolonians, of what sort, birth, country, or kingdom
soever, shall be debarred a share therein.'
So when the town of Mansoul had received at the hand of Emmanuel
their gracious charter, (which in itself is infinitely more large
than by this lean epitome is set before you,) they carried it to
audience, that is, to the market place, and there Mr. Recorder read
it in the presence of all the people. This being done, it was had
back to the castle gates, and there fairly engraven upon the doors
thereof, and laid in letters of gold, to the end that the town of
Mansoul, with all the people thereof, might have it always in their
view, or might go where they might see what a blessed freedom their
Prince had bestowed upon them, that their joy might be increased in
themselves, and their love renewed to their great and good
But what joy, what comfort, what consolation, think you, did now
possess the hearts of the men of Mansoul! The bells rung, the
minstrels played, the people danced, the captains shouted, the
colours waved in the wind, and the silver trumpets sounded; and the
Diabolonians now were glad to hide their heads, for they looked
like them that had been long dead.
When this was over, the Prince sent again for the elders of the
town of Mansoul, and communed with them about a ministry that he
intended to establish among them; such a ministry that might open
unto them, and that might instruct them in the things that did
concern their present and future state.
'For,' said he, 'you, of yourselves, unless you have teachers and
guides, will not be able to know, and, if not to know, to be sure
not to do the will of my Father.'
At this news, when the elders of Mansoul brought it to the people,
the whole town came running together, (for it pleased them well, as
whatever the Prince now did pleased the people,) and all with one
consent implored his Majesty that he would forthwith establish such
a ministry among them as might teach them both law and judgment,
statute and commandment; that they might be documented in all good
and wholesome things. So he told them that he would grant them
their requests, and would establish two among them; one that was of
his Father's court, and one that was a native of Mansoul.
'He that is from the court,' said he, 'is a person of no less
quality and dignity than my Father and I; and he is the Lord Chief
Secretary of my Father's house: for he is, and always has been,
the chief dictator of all my Father's laws, a person altogether
well skilled in all mysteries, and knowledge of mysteries, as is my
Father, or as myself is. Indeed he is one with us in nature, and
also as to loving of, and being faithful to, and in the eternal
concerns of the town of Mansoul.
'And this is he,' said the Prince, 'that must be your chief
teacher; for it is he, and he only, that can teach you clearly in
all high and supernatural things. He, and he only, it is that
knows the ways and methods of my Father at court, nor can any like
him show how the heart of my Father is at all times, in all things,
upon all occasions, towards Mansoul; for as no man knows the things
of a man but that spirit of a man which is in him, so the things of
my Father knows no man but this his high and mighty Secretary. Nor
can any, as he, tell Mansoul how and what they shall do to keep
themselves in the love of my Father. He also it is that can bring
lost things to your remembrance, and that can tell you things to
come. This teacher, therefore, must of necessity have the pre-
eminence, both in your affections and judgment, before your other
teacher; his personal dignity, the excellency of his teaching, also
the great dexterity that he hath to help you to make and draw up
petitions to my Father for your help, and to his pleasing, must lay
obligations upon you to love him, fear him, and to take heed that
you grieve him not.
'This person can put life and vigour into all he says; yea, and can
also put it into your heart. This person can make seers of you,
and can make you tell what shall be hereafter. By this person you
must frame all your petitions to my Father and me; and without his
advice and counsel first obtained, let nothing enter into the town
or castle of Mansoul, for that may disgust and grieve this noble
'Take heed, I say, that you do not grieve this minister; for if you
do, he may fight against you; and should he once be moved by you to
set himself against you in battle array, that will distress you
more than if twelve legions should from my Father's court be sent
to make war upon you.
'But, as I said, if you shall hearken unto him, and shall love him;
if you shall devote yourselves to his teaching, and shall seek to
have converse, and to maintain communion with him, you shall find
him ten times better than is the whole world to any; yea, he will
shed abroad the love of my Father in your hearts, and Mansoul will
be the wisest, and most blessed of all people.'
Then did the Prince call unto him the old gentleman, who before had
been the Recorder of Mansoul, Mr. Conscience by name, and told him,
That, forasmuch as he was well skilled in the law and government of
the town of Mansoul, and was also well-spoken, and could
pertinently deliver to them his Master's will in all terrene and
domestic matters, therefore he would also make him a minister for,
in, and to the goodly town of Mansoul, in all the laws, statutes,
and judgments of the famous town of Mansoul. 'And thou must,' said
the Prince, 'confine thyself to the teaching of moral virtues, to
civil and natural duties; but thou must not attempt to presume to
be a revealer of those high and supernatural mysteries that are
kept close in the bosom of Shaddai, my Father: for those things
knows no man, nor can any reveal them but my Father's Secretary
'Thou art a native of the town of Mansoul, but the Lord Secretary
is a native with my Father; wherefore, as thou hast knowledge of
the laws and customs of the corporation, so he of the things and
will of my Father.
'Wherefore, O Mr. Conscience, although I have made thee a minister
and a preacher to the town of Mansoul, yet as to the things which
the Lord Secretary knoweth, and shall teach to this people, there
thou must be his scholar and a learner, even as the rest of Mansoul
'Thou must therefore, in all high and supernatural things, go to
him for information and knowledge; for though there be a spirit in
man, this person's inspiration must give him understanding.
Wherefore, O thou Mr. Recorder, keep low and be humble, and
remember that the Diabolonians that kept not their first charge,
but left their own standing, are now made prisoners in the pit. Be
therefore content with thy station.
'I have made thee my Father's vicegerent on earth, in such things
of which I have made mention before: and thou, take thou power to
teach them to Mansoul, yea, and to impose them with whips and
chastisements, if they shall not willingly hearken to do thy
'And, Mr. Recorder, because thou art old, and through many abuses
made feeble; therefore I give thee leave and license to go when
thou wilt to my fountain, my conduit, and there to drink freely of
the blood of my grape, for my conduit doth always run wine. Thus
doing, thou shalt drive from thine heart and stomach all foul,
gross, and hurtful humours. It will also lighten thine eyes, and
will strengthen thy memory for the reception and keeping of all
that the King's most noble Secretary teacheth.'
When the Prince had thus put Mr. Recorder (that once so was) into
the place and office of a minister to Mansoul, and the man had
thankfully accepted thereof, then did Emmanuel address himself in a
particular speech to the townsmen themselves.
'Behold,' said the Prince to Mansoul, 'my love and care towards
you; I have added to all that is past, this mercy, to appoint you
preachers; the most noble Secretary to teach you in all high and
sublime mysteries; and this gentleman,' pointing to Mr. Conscience,
'is to teach you in all things human and domestic, for therein
lieth his work. He is not, by what I have said, debarred of
telling to Mansoul anything that he hath heard and received at the
mouth of the lord high Secretary; only he shall not attempt to
presume to pretend to be a revealer of those high mysteries
himself; for the breaking of them up, and the discovery of them to
Mansoul lieth only in the power, authority, and skill of the lord
high Secretary himself. Talk of them he may, and so may the rest
of the town of Mansoul; yea, and may, as occasion gives them
opportunity, press them upon each other for the benefit of the
whole. These things, therefore, I would have you observe and do,
for it is for your life, and the lengthening of your days.
'And one thing more to my beloved Mr. Recorder, and to all the town
of Mansoul: You must not dwell in, nor stay upon, anything of that
which he hath in commission to teach you, as to your trust and
expectation of the next world; (of the next world, I say, for I
purpose to give another to Mansoul, when this with them is worn
out;) but for that you must wholly and solely have recourse to, and
make stay upon his doctrine that is your Teacher after the first
order. Yea, Mr. Recorder himself must not look for life from that
which he himself revealeth; his dependence for that must be founded
in the doctrine of the other preacher. Let Mr. Recorder also take
heed that he receive not any doctrine, or point of doctrine, that
is not communicated to him by his Superior Teacher, nor yet within
the precincts of his own formal knowledge.'
Now, after the Prince had thus settled things in the famous town of
Mansoul, he proceeded to give to the elders of the corporation a
necessary caution, to wit, how they should carry it to the high and
noble captains that he had, from his Father's court, sent or
brought with him, to the famous town of Mansoul.
'These captains,' said he, 'do love the town of Mansoul, and they
are picked men, picked out of abundance, as men that best suit, and
that will most faithfully serve in the wars of Shaddai against the
Diabolonians, for the preservation of the town of Mansoul. 'I
charge you therefore,' said he, 'O ye inhabitants of the now
flourishing town of Mansoul, that you carry it not ruggedly or
untowardly to my captains, or their men; since, as I said, they are
picked and choice men--men chosen out of many for the good of the
town of Mansoul. I say, I charge you, that you carry it not
untowardly to them: for though they have the hearts and faces of
lions, when at any time they shall be called forth to engage and
fight with the King's foes, and the enemies of the town of Mansoul;
yet a little discountenance cast upon them from the town of Mansoul
will deject and cast down their faces, will weaken and take away
their courage. Do not, therefore, O my beloved, carry it unkindly
to my valiant captains and courageous men of war, but love them,
nourish them, succour them, and lay them in your bosoms; and they
will not only fight for you, but cause to fly from you all those
the Diabolonians that seek, and will, if possible, be, your utter
'If, therefore, any of them should at any time be sick or weak, and
so not able to perform that office of love, which, with all their
hearts, they are willing to do (and will do also when well and in
health), slight them not, nor despise them, but rather strengthen
them and encourage them, though weak and ready to die, for they are
your fence, and your guard, your wall, your gates, your locks, and
your bars. And although, when they are weak, they can do but
little, but rather need to be helped by you, than that you should
then expect great things from them, yet, when well, you know what
exploits, what feats and warlike achievements they are able to do,
and will perform for you.
'Besides, if they be weak, the town of Mansoul cannot be strong; if
they be strong, then Mansoul cannot be weak; your safety,
therefore, doth lie in their health, and in your countenancing
them. Remember, also, that if they be sick, they catch that
disease of the town of Mansoul itself.
'These things I have said unto you because I love your welfare and
your honour: observe, therefore, O my Mansoul, to be punctual in
all things that I have given in charge unto you, and that not only
as a town corporate, and so to your officers and guard, and guides
in chief, but to you as you are a people whose well-being, as
single persons, depends on the observation of the orders and
commandments of their Lord.
'Next, O my Mansoul, I do warn you of that, of which,
notwithstanding that reformation that at present is wrought among
you, you have need to be warned about: wherefore hearken
diligently unto me. I am now sure, and you will know hereafter,
that there are yet of the Diabolonians remaining in the town of
Mansoul, Diabolonians that are sturdy and implacable, and that do
already while I am with you, and that will yet more when I am from
you, study, plot, contrive, invent, and jointly attempt to bring
you to desolation, and so to a state far worse than that of the
Egyptian bondage; they are the avowed friends of Diabolus,
therefore look about you. They used heretofore to lodge with their
Prince in the Castle, when Incredulity was the Lord Mayor of this
town; but since my coming hither, they lie more in the outsides and
walls, and have made themselves dens, and caves, and holes, and
strongholds therein. Wherefore, O Mansoul! thy work, as to this,
will be so much the more difficult and hard; that is, to take,
mortify, and put them to death according to the will of my Father.
Nor can you utterly rid yourselves of them, unless you should pull
down the walls of your town, the which I am by no means willing you
should. Do you ask me, What shall we do then? Why, be you
diligent, and quit you like men; observe their holes; find out
their haunts; assault them, and make no peace with them. Wherever
they haunt, lurk, or abide, and what terms of peace soever they
offer you, abhor, and all shall be well betwixt you and me. And
that you may the better know them from those that are the natives
of Mansoul, I will give you this brief schedule of the names of the
chief of them; and they are these that follow:- The Lord
Fornication, the Lord Adultery, the Lord Murder, the Lord Anger,
the Lord Lasciviousness, the Lord Deceit, the Lord Evil-Eye, Mr.
Drunkenness, Mr. Revelling, Mr. Idolatry, Mr. Witch-craft, Mr.
Variance, Mr. Emulation, Mr. Wrath, Mr. Strife, Mr. Sedition, and
Mr. Heresy. These are some of the chief, O Mansoul! of those that
will seek to overthrow thee for ever. These, I say, are the
skulkers in Mansoul; but look thou well into the law of thy King,
and there thou shalt find their physiognomy, and such other
characteristical notes of them, by which they certainly may be
'These, O my Mansoul, (and I would gladly that you should certainly
know it,) if they be suffered to run and range about the town as
they would, will quickly, like vipers, eat out your bowels; yea,
poison your captains, cut the sinews of your soldiers, break the
bars and bolts of your gates, and turn your now most flourishing
Mansoul into a barren and desolate wilderness, and ruinous heap.
Wherefore, that you may take courage to yourselves to apprehend
these villains wherever you find them, I give to you, my Lord
Mayor, my Lord Willbewill, and Mr. Recorder, with all the
inhabitants of the town of Mansoul, full power and commission to
seek out, to take, and to cause to be put to death by the cross,
all, and all manner of Diabolonians, when and wherever you shall
find them to lurk within, or to range without the walls of the town
'I told you before that I had placed a standing ministry among you;
not that you have but these with you, for my first four captains
who came against the master and lord of the Diabolonians that was
in Mansoul, they can, and if need be, and if they be required, will
not only privately inform, but publicly preach to the corporation
both good and wholesome doctrine, and such as shall lead you in the
way. Yea, they will set up a weekly, yea, if need be, a daily
lecture in thee, O Mansoul! and will instruct thee in such
profitable lessons, that, if heeded, will do thee good at the end.
And take good heed that you spare not the men that you have a
commission to take and crucify.
'Now, as I have set before your eyes the vagrants and runagates by
name, so I will tell you, that among yourselves, some of them shall
creep in to beguile you, even such as would seem, and that in
appearance are, very rife and hot for religion. And they, if you
watch not, will do you a mischief, such an one as at present you
cannot think of.
'These, as I said, will show themselves to you in another hue than
those under description before. Wherefore, Mansoul, watch and be
sober, and suffer not thyself to be betrayed.'
When the Prince had thus far new modelled the town of Mansoul, and
had instructed them in such matters as were profitable for them to
know, then he appointed another day in which he intended, when the
townsfolk came together, to bestow a further badge of honour upon
the town of Mansoul,--a badge that should distinguish them from all
the people, kindreds, and tongues that dwell in the kingdom of
Universe. Now it was not long before the day appointed was come,
and the Prince and his people met in the King's palace, where first
Emmanuel made a short speech unto them, and then did for them as he
had said, and unto them as he had promised.
'My Mansoul,' said he, 'that which I now am about to do, is to make
you known to the world to be mine, and to distinguish you also in
your own eyes, from all false traitors that may creep in among
Then he commanded that those that waited upon him should go and
bring forth out of his treasury those white and glistening robes
'that I,' said he, 'have provided and laid up in store for my
Mansoul.' So the white garments were fetched out of his treasury,
and laid forth to the eyes of the people. Moreover, it was granted
to them that they should take them and put them on, 'according,'
said he, 'to your size and stature.' So the people were put into
white, into fine linen, white and clean.
Then said the Prince unto them, 'This, O Mansoul, is my livery, and
the badge by which mine are known from the servants of others.
Yea, it is that which I grant to all that are mine, and without
which no man is permitted to see my face. Wear them, therefore,
for my sake, who gave them unto you; and also if you would be known
by the world to be mine.'
But now! can you think how Mansoul shone? It was fair as the sun,
clear as the moon, and terrible as an army with banners.
The Prince added further, and said, 'No prince, potentate, or
mighty one of Universe, giveth this livery but myself: behold,
therefore, as I said before, you shall be known by it to be mine.
'And now,' said he, 'I have given you my livery, let me give you
also in commandment concerning them; and be sure that you take good
heed to my words.
'First. Wear them daily, day by day, lest you should at sometimes
appear to others as if you were none of mine.
'Second. Keep them always white; for if they be soiled, it is
dishonour to me.
'Third. Wherefore gird them up from the ground, and let them not
lag with dust and dirt.
'Fourth. Take heed that you lose them not, lest you walk naked,
and they see your shame.
'Fifth. But if you should sully them, if you should defile them,
the which I am greatly unwilling you should, and the prince
Diabolus will be glad if you would, then speed you to do that which
is written in my law, that yet you may stand, and befall before me,
and before my throne. Also, this is the way to cause that I may
not leave you, nor forsake you while here, but may dwell in this
town of Mansoul for ever.'
And now was Mansoul, and the inhabitants of it, as the signet upon
Emmanuel's right hand. Where was there now a town, a city, a
corporation, that could compare with Mansoul! a town redeemed from
the hand, and from the power of Diabolus! a town that the King
Shaddai loved, and that he sent Emmanuel to regain from the Prince
of the infernal cave; yea, a town that Emmanuel loved to dwell in,
and that he chose for his royal habitation; a town that he
fortified for himself, and made strong by the force of his army.
What shall I say, Mansoul has now a most excellent Prince, golden
captains and men of war, weapons proved, and garments as white as
snow. Nor are these benefits to be counted little, but great; can
the town of Mansoul esteem them so, and improve them to that end
and purpose for which they are bestowed upon them?
When the Prince had thus completed the modelling of the town, to
show that he had great delight in the work of his hands and took
pleasure in the good that he had wrought for the famous and
flourishing Mansoul, he commanded, and they set his standard upon
the battlements of the castle. And then,
First. He gave them frequent visits; not a day now but the elders
of Mansoul must come to him, or he to them, into his palace. Now
they must walk and talk together of all the great things that he
had done, and yet further promised to do, for the town of Mansoul.
Thus would he often do with the Lord Mayor, my Lord Willbewill, and
the honest subordinate preacher Mr. Conscience, and Mr. Recorder.
But oh, how graciously, how lovingly, how courteously, and tenderly
did this blessed Prince now carry it towards the town of Mansoul!
In all the streets, gardens, orchards, and other places where he
came, to be sure the poor should have his blessing and benediction;
yea, he would kiss them, and if they were ill he would lay hands on
them, and make them well. The captains, also, he would daily, yea,
sometimes hourly, encourage with his presence and goodly words.
For you must know that a smile from him upon them would put more
vigour, more life, and stoutness into them, than would anything
else under heaven.
The Prince would now also feast them, and be with them continually:
hardly a week would pass but a banquet must be had betwixt him and
them. You may remember that, some pages before, we make mention of
one feast that they had together; but now to feast them was a thing
more common: every day with Mansoul was a feast-day now. Nor did
he, when they returned to their places, send them empty away,
either they must have a ring, a gold chain, a bracelet, a white
stone, or something; so dear was Mansoul to him now; so lovely was
Mansoul in his eyes.
Second. When the elders and townsmen did not come to him, he would
send in much plenty of provision unto them; meat that came from
court, wine and bread that were prepared for his Father's table;
yea, such delicates would he send unto them, and therewith would so
cover their table, that whoever saw it confessed that the like
could not be seen in any kingdom.
Third. If Mansoul did not frequently visit him as he desired they
should, he would walk out to them, knock at their doors, and desire
entrance, that amity might be maintained betwixt them and him; if
they did hear and open to him, as commonly they would, if they were
at home, then would he renew his former love, and confirm it too
with some new tokens, and signs of continued favour.
And was it not now amazing to behold, that in that very place where
sometimes Diabolus had his abode, and entertained his Diabolonians
to the almost utter destruction of Mansoul, the Prince of princes
should sit eating and drinking with them, while all his mighty
captains, men of war, trumpeters, with the singing-men and singing-
women of his Father, stood round about to wait upon them! Now did
Mansoul's cup run over, now did her conduits run sweet wine, now
did she eat the finest of the wheat, and drink milk and honey out
of the rock! Now, she said, How great is his goodness! for since I
found favour in his eyes, how honourable have I been!
The blessed Prince did also ordain a new officer in the town, and a
goodly person he was; his name was Mr. God's-Peace: this man was
set over my Lord Willbewill, my Lord Mayor, Mr. Recorder, the
subordinate preacher, Mr. Mind, and over all the natives of the
town of Mansoul. Himself was not a native of it, but came with the
Prince Emmanuel from the court. He was a great acquaintance of
Captain Credence and Captain Good-Hope; some say they were kin, and
I am of that opinion too. This man, as I said, was made governor
of the town in general, especially over the castle, and Captain
Credence was to help him there. And I made great observation of
it, that so long as all things went in Mansoul as this sweet-
natured gentleman would, the town was in most happy condition. Now
there were no jars, no chiding, no interferings, no unfaithful
doings in all the town of Mansoul; every man in Mansoul kept close
to his own employment. The gentry, the officers, the soldiers, and
all in place observed their order. And as for the women and
children of the town, they followed their business joyfully; they
would work and sing, work and sing, from morning till night: so
that quite through the town of Mansoul now nothing was to be found
but harmony, quietness, joy, and health. And this lasted all that
But there was a man in the town of Mansoul, and his name was Mr.
Carnal-Security; this man did, after all this mercy bestowed on
this corporation, bring the town of Mansoul into great and grievous
slavery and bondage. A brief account of him and of his doings take
When Diabolus at first took possession of the town of Mansoul, he
brought thither, with himself, a great number of Diabolonians, men
of his own conditions. Now among these there was one whose name
was Mr. Self-Conceit, and a notable brisk man he was, as any that
in those days did possess the town of Mansoul. Diabolus, then,
perceiving this man to be active and bold, sent him upon many
desperate designs, the which he managed better, and more to the
pleasing of his lord, than most that came with him from the dens
could do. Wherefore, finding him so fit for his purpose, he
preferred him, and made him next to the great Lord Willbewill, of
whom we have written so much before. Now the Lord Willbewill being
in those days very well pleased with him, and with his
achievements, gave him his daughter, the Lady Fear-Nothing, to
wife. Now, of my Lady Fear-nothing, did this Mr. Self-Conceit
beget this gentleman, Mr. Carnal-Security. Wherefore, there being
then in Mansoul those strange kinds of mixtures, it was hard for
them, in some cases, to find out who were natives, who not, for Mr.
Carnal-Security sprang from my Lord Willbewill by mother's side,
though he had for his father a Diabolonian by nature.
Well, this Carnal-Security took much after his father and mother;
he was self-conceited, he feared nothing, he was also a very busy
man: nothing of news, nothing of doctrine, nothing of alteration,
or talk of alteration, could at any time be on foot in Mansoul, but
be sure Mr. Carnal-Security would be at the head or tail of it:
but, to be sure, he would decline those that he deemed the weakest,
and stood always with them in his way of standing, that he supposed
was the strongest side.
Now, when Shaddai the mighty, and Emmanuel his Son, made war upon
Mansoul, to take it, this Mr. Carnal-Security was then in town, and
was a great doer among the people, encouraging them in their
rebellion, putting them upon hardening themselves in their
resisting the King's forces: but when he saw that the town of
Mansoul was taken, and converted to the use of the glorious Prince
Emmanuel; and when he also saw what was become of Diabolus, and how
he was unroosted, and made to quit the castle in the greatest
contempt and scorn; and that the town of Mansoul was well lined
with captains, engines of war, and men, and also provision; what
doth he but slyly wheel about also; and as he had served Diabolus
against the good Prince, so he feigned that he would serve the
Prince against his foes.
And having got some little smattering of Emmanuel's things by the
end, being bold, he ventures himself into the company of the
townsmen, any attempts also to chat among them. Now he knew that
the power and strength of the town of Mansoul was great, and that
it could not but be pleasing to the people, if he cried up their
might and their glory. Wherefore he beginneth his tale with the
power and strength of Mansoul, and affirmed that it was
impregnable; now magnifying their captains and their slings, and
their rams; then crying up their fortifications and strongholds;
and, lastly, the assurances that they had from their Prince, that
Mansoul should be happy for ever. But when he saw that some of the
men of the town were tickled and taken with his discourse, he makes
it his business, and walking from street to street, house to house,
and man to man, he at last brought Mansoul to dance after his pipe,
and to grow almost as carnally secure as himself; so from talking
they went to feasting, and from feasting to sporting; and so to
some other matters. Now Emmanuel was yet in the town of Mansoul,
and he wisely observed their doings. My Lord Mayor, my Lord
Willbewill, and Mr. Recorder were also all taken with the words of
this tattling Diabolonian gentleman, forgetting that their Prince
had given them warning before to take heed that they were not
beguiled with any Diabolonian sleight; he had further told them
that the security of the now flourishing town of Mansoul did not so
much lie in her present fortifications and force, as in her so
using of what she had, as might oblige her Emmanuel to abide within
her castle. For the right doctrine of Emmanuel was, that the town
of Mansoul should take heed that they forgot not his Father's love
and his; also, that they should so demean themselves as to continue
to keep themselves therein. Now this was not the way to do it,
namely, to fall in love with one of the Diabolonians, and with such
an one too as Mr. Carnal-Security was, and to be led up and down by
the nose by him; they should have heard their Prince, feared their
Prince, loved their Prince, and have stoned this naughty pack to
death, and took care to have walked in the ways of their Prince's
prescribing: for then should their peace have been as a river,
when their righteousness had been like the waves of the sea.
Now when Emmanuel perceived that through the policy of Mr. Carnal-
Security the hearts of the men of Mansoul were chilled and abated
in their practical love to him,
First. He bemoans them, and, condoles their state with the
Secretary, saying, 'Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, and
that Mansoul had walked in my ways! I would have fed them with the
finest of the wheat; and with honey out of the rock would I have
sustained them.' This done, he said in his heart, 'I will return
to the court, and go to my place, till Mansoul shall consider and
acknowledge their offence.' And he did so, and the cause and
manner of his going away from them was, that Mansoul declined him,
as is manifest in these particulars.
'1. They left off their former way of visiting him, they came not
to his royal palace as afore.
'2. They did not regard, nor yet take notice, that he came or came
not to visit them.
'3. The love-feasts that had wont to be between their Prince and
them, though he made them still, and called them to them, yet they
neglected to come to them, or to be delighted with them.
'4. They waited not for his counsels, but began to be headstrong
and confident in themselves, concluding that now they were strong
and invincible, and that Mansoul was secure, and beyond all reach
of the foe, and that her state must needs be unalterable for ever.'
Now, as was said, Emmanuel perceiving that by the craft of Mr.
Carnal-Security, the town of Mansoul was taken off from their
dependence upon him, and upon his Father by him, and set upon what
by them was bestowed upon it; he first, as I said, bemoaned their
state, then he used means to make them understand that the way that
they went on in was dangerous: for he sent my Lord High Secretary
to them, to forbid them such ways; but twice when he came to them,
he found them at dinner in Mr. Carnal-Security's parlour; and
perceiving also that they were not willing to reason about matters
concerning their good, he took grief and went his way; the which
when he had told to the Prince Emmanuel, he took offence, and was
grieved also, and so made provision to return to his Father's
Now, the methods of his withdrawing, as I was saying before, were
'1. Even while he was yet with them in Mansoul, he kept himself
close, and more retired than formerly.
'2. His speech was not now, if he came in their company, so
pleasant and familiar as formerly.
'3. Nor did he, as in times past, send to Mansoul, from his table,
those dainty bits which he was wont to do.
'4. Nor when they came to visit him, as now and then they would,
would he be so easily spoken with as they found him to be in times
past. They might now knock once, yea, twice, but he would seem not
at all to regard them; whereas formerly at the sound of their feet
he would up and run, and meet them halfway, and take them too, and
lay them in his bosom.'
But thus Emmanuel carried it now, and by this his carriage he
sought to make them bethink themselves, and return to him. But,
alas! they did not consider, they did not know his ways, they
regarded not, they were not touched with these, nor with the true
remembrance of former favours. Wherefore what does he but in
private manner withdraw himself, first from his palace, then to the
gate of the town, and so away from Mansoul he goes, till they
should acknowledge their offence, and more earnestly seek his face.
Mr. God's-Peace also laid down his commission, and would for the
present act no longer in the town of Mansoul.
Thus they walked contrary to him, and he again, by way of
retaliation, walked contrary to them. But, alas! by this time they
were so hardened in their way, and had so drunk in the doctrine of
Mr. Carnal-Security, that the departing of their Prince touched
them not, nor was he remembered by them when gone; and so, of
consequence, his absence not condoled by them.
Now, there was a day wherein this old gentleman, Mr. Carnal-
Security, did again make a feast for the town of Mansoul; and there
was at that time in the town one Mr. Godly-Fear, one now but little
set by, though formerly one of great request. This man, old
Carnal-Security, had a mind, if possible, to gull, and debauch, and
abuse, as he did the rest, and therefore he now bids him to the
feast with his neighbours. So the day being come, they prepare,
and he goes and appears with the rest of the guests; and being all
set at the table, they did eat and drink, and were merry, even all
but this one man: for Mr. Godly-Fear sat like a stranger, and did
neither eat nor was merry. The which, when Mr. Carnal-Security
perceived, he presently addressed himself in a speech thus to him:-
'Mr. Godly-Fear, are you not well? You seem to be ill of body or
mind, or both. I have a cordial of Mr. Forget-Good's making, the
which, sir, if you will take a dram of, I hope it may make you