Part 11 out of 16
I chastise, etc. . .Here St. Paul shews the necessity of self-denial and
mortification, to subdue the flesh, and its inordinate desires.
1 Corinthians Chapter 10
By the example of the Israelites, he shews that we are not to build too
much upon favours received but to avoid their sins and fly from the
service of idols and from things offered to idols.
10:1. For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that our fathers
were all under the cloud: and all passed through the sea.
10:2. And all in Moses were baptized, in the cloud and in the sea:
In Moses. . .Under the conduct of Moses, they received baptism in
figure, by passing under the cloud, and through the sea; and they
partook of the body and blood of Christ in figure, by eating of the
manna, (called here a spiritual food because it was a figure of the
true bread which comes down from heaven,) and drinking the water,
miraculously brought out of the rock, called here a spiritual rock,
because it was also a figure of Christ.
10:3. And did all eat the same spiritual food:
10:4. And all drank the same spiritual drink: (And they drank of the
spiritual rock that followed them: and the rock was Christ.)
10:5. But with most of them God was not well pleased: for they were
overthrown in the desert.
10:6. Now these things were done in a figure of us, that we should not
covet evil things, as they also coveted.
10:7. Neither become ye idolaters, as some of them, as it is written:
The people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play.
10:8. Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them that committed
fornication: and there fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
10:9. Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them tempted and perished
by the serpent.
10:10. Neither do you murmur, as some of them murmured and were
destroyed by the destroyer.
10:11. Now all these things happened to them in figure: and they are
written for our correction, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
The ends of the world. . .That is, the last ages.
10:12. Wherefore, he that thinketh himself to stand, let him take heed
lest he fall.
10:13. Let no temptation take hold on you, but such as is human. And
God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that which
you are able: but will make also with temptation issue, that you may be
able to bear it.
Or. . .no temptation hath taken hold of you. . .or come upon you as yet,
but what is human, or incident to man. Issue. . .or a way to escape.
10:14. Wherefore, my dearly beloved, fly from the service of idols.
10:15. I speak as to wise men: judge ye yourselves what I say.
10:16. The chalice of benediction which we bless, is it not the
communion of the blood of Christ? And the bread which we break, is it
not the partaking of the body of the Lord?
Which we bless. . .Here the apostle puts them in mind of their partaking
of the body and blood of Christ in the sacred mysteries, and becoming
thereby one mystical body with Christ. From whence he infers, ver. 21,
that they who are made partakers with Christ, by the eucharistic
sacrifice and sacrament, must not be made partakers with devils by
eating of the meats sacrificed to them.
10:17. For we, being many, are one bread, one body: all that partake of
One bread. . .or, as it may be rendered, agreeably both to the Latin and
Greek, because the bread is one, all we, being many, are one body, who
partake of that one bread. For it is by our communicating with Christ,
and with one another, in this blessed sacrament, that we are formed
into one mystical body; and made, as it were, one bread, compounded of
many grains of corn, closely united together.
10:18. Behold Israel according to the flesh. Are not they that eat of
the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
10:19. What then? Do I say that what is offered in sacrifice to idols
is any thing? Or that the idol is any thing?
10:20. But the things which the heathens sacrifice, they sacrifice to
devils and not to God. And I would not that you should be made
partakers with devils.
10:21. You cannot drink the chalice of the Lord and the chalice of
devils: you cannot be partakers of the table of the Lord and of the
table of devils.
10:22. Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he? All
things are lawful for me: but all things are not expedient.
10:23. All things are lawful for me: but all things do not edify.
10:24. Let no man seek his own, but that which is another's.
10:25. Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, eat: asking no question for
10:26. The earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof.
10:27. If any of them that believe not, invite you, and you be willing
to go: eat of any thing that is set before you, asking no question for
10:28. But if any man say: This has been sacrificed to idols: do not
eat of it, for his sake that told it and for conscience' sake.
10:29. Conscience I say, not thy own, but the other's. For why is my
liberty judged by another man's conscience?
10:30. If I partake with thanksgiving, why am I evil spoken of for that
for which I give thanks?
10:31. Therefore, whether you eat or drink, or whatsoever else you do,
do all to the glory of God.
10:32. Be without offence to the Jew, and to the Gentiles and to the
church of God:
10:33. As I also in all things please all men, not seeking that which
is profitable to myself but to many: that they may be saved.
1 Corinthians Chapter 11
Women must have a covering over their heads. He blameth the abuses of
their love feasts and upon that occasion treats of the Blessed
11:1. Be ye followers of me, as I also am of Christ.
11:2. Now I praise you, brethren, that in all things you are mindful of
me and keep my ordinances as I have delivered them to you.
11:3. But I would have you know that the head of every man is Christ:
and the head of the woman is the man: and the head of Christ is God.
11:4. Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered disgraceth
11:5. But every woman praying or prophesying with her head not covered
disgraceth her head: for it is all one as if she were shaven.
11:6. For if a woman be not covered, let her be shorn. But if it be a
shame to a woman to be shorn or made bald, let her cover her head.
11:7. The man indeed ought not to cover his head: because he is the
image and glory of God. But the woman is the glory of the man.
11:8. For the man is not of the woman: but the woman of the man.
11:9. For the man was not created for the woman: but the woman for the
11:10. Therefore ought the woman to have a power over her head, because
of the angels.
A power. . .that is, a veil or covering, as a sign that she is under the
power of her husband: and this, the apostle adds, because of the
angels, who are present in the assemblies of the faithful.
11:11. But yet neither is the man without the woman, nor the woman
without the man, in the Lord.
11:12. For as the woman is of the man, so also is the man by the woman:
but all things of God.
11:13. You yourselves judge. Doth it become a woman to pray unto God
11:14. Doth not even nature itself teach you that a man indeed, if he
nourish his hair, it is a shame unto him?
11:15. But if a woman nourish her hair, it is a glory to her; for her
hair is given to her for a covering.
11:16. But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom,
nor the Church of God.
11:17. Now this I ordain: not praising you, that you come together, not
for the better, but for the worse.
11:18. For first of all I hear that when you come together in the
church, there are schisms among you. And in part I believe it.
11:19. For there must be also heresies: that they also, who are
approved may be made manifest among you.
There must be also heresies. . .By reason of the pride and perversity of
man's heart; not by God's will or appointment; who nevertheless draws
good out of this evil, manifesting, by that occasion, who are the good
and firm Christians, and making their faith more remarkable.
11:20. When you come therefore together into one place, it is not now
to eat the Lord's supper.
The Lord's supper. . .So the apostle here calls the charity feasts
observed by the primitive Christians; and reprehends the abuses of the
Corinthians, on these occasions; which were the more criminal, because
these feasts were accompanied with the celebrating of the eucharistic
sacrifice and sacrament.
11:21. For every one taketh before his own supper to eat. And one
indeed is hungry and another is drunk.
11:22. What, have you no houses to eat and to drink in? Or despise ye
the church of God and put them to shame that have not? What shall I say
to you? Do I praise you? In this I praise you not.
11:23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto
you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, took
11:24. And giving thanks, broke and said: Take ye and eat: This is my
body, which shall be delivered for you. This do for the commemoration
11:25. In like manner also the chalice, after he had supped, saying:
This chalice is the new testament in my blood. This do ye, as often as
you shall drink, for the commemoration of me.
11:26. For as often as you shall eat this bread and drink the chalice,
you shall shew the death of the Lord, until he come.
11:27. Therefore, whosoever shall eat this bread, or drink the chalice
of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and of the blood of
Or drink. . .Here erroneous translators corrupted the text, by putting
and drink (contrary to the original) instead of or drink.
Guilty of the body, etc., not discerning the body, etc. . .This
demonstrates the real presence of the body and blood of Christ, even to
the unworthy communicant; who otherwise could not be guilty of the body
and blood of Christ, or justly condemned for not discerning the Lord's
11:28. But let a man prove himself: and so let him eat of that bread
and drink of the chalice.
Drink of the chalice. . .This is not said by way of command, but by way
of allowance, viz., where and when it is agreeable to the practice and
discipline of the church.
11:29. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily eateth and drinketh
judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord.
11:30. Therefore are there many infirm and weak among you: and many
11:31. But if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
11:32. But whilst we are judged, we are chastised by the Lord, that we
be not condemned with this world.
11:33. Wherefore, my brethren, when you come together to eat, wait for
11:34. If any man be hungry, let him eat at home; that you come not
together unto judgment. And the rest I will set in order, when I come.
1 Corinthians Chapter 12
Of the diversity of spiritual gifts. The members of the mystical body,
like those of the natural body, must mutually cherish one another.
12:1. Now concerning spiritual things, my brethren, I would not have
12:2. You know that when you were heathens, you went to dumb idols,
according as you were led.
12:3. Wherefore, I give you to understand that no man, speaking by the
Spirit of God, saith Anathema to Jesus. And no man can say The Lord
Jesus, but by the Holy Ghost.
12:4. Now there are diversities of graces, but the same Spirit.
12:5. And there are diversities of ministries. but the same Lord.
12:6. And there are diversities of operations, but the same God, who
worketh all in all.
12:7. And the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man unto
12:8. To one indeed, by the Spirit, is given the word of wisdom: and to
another, the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit:
12:9. To another, faith in the same spirit: to another, the grace of
healing in one Spirit:
12:10. To another the working of miracles: to another, prophecy: to
another, the discerning of spirits: to another, diverse kinds of
tongues: to another, interpretation of speeches.
12:11. But all these things, one and the same Spirit worketh, dividing
to every one according as he will.
12:12. For as the body is one and hath many members; and all the
members of the body, whereas they are many, yet are one body: So also
12:13. For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether
Jews or Gentiles, whether bond or free: and in one Spirit we have all
been made to drink.
12:14. For the body also is not one member, but many.
12:15. If the foot should say: Because I am not the hand, I am not of
the body: Is it therefore not of the Body?
12:16. And if the ear should say: Because I am not the eye, I am not of
the body: Is it therefore not of the body?
12:17. If the whole body were the eye, where would be the hearing? If
the whole were hearing, where would be the smelling?
12:18. But now God hath set the members, every one of them, in the body
as it hath pleased him.
12:19. And if they all were one member, where would be the body?
12:20. But now there are many members indeed, yet one body.
12:21. And the eye cannot say to the hand: I need not thy help. Nor
again the head to the feet: I have no need of you.
12:22. Yea, much, more those that seem to be the more feeble members of
the body are more necessary
12:23. And such as we think to be the less honourable members of the
body, about these we put more abundant honour: and those that are our
uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness.
12:24. But our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the
body together, giving to that which wanted the more abundant honour.
12:25. That there might be no schism in the body: but the members might
be mutually careful one for another.
12:26. And if one member suffer any thing, all the members suffer with
it: or if one member glory, all the members rejoice with it.
12:27. Now you are the body of Christ and members of member.
12:28. And God indeed hath set some in the church; first apostles,
secondly prophets, thirdly doctors: after that miracles: then the
graces of healings, helps, governments, kinds of tongues,
interpretations of speeches.
12:29. Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all doctors?
12:30. Are all workers of miracles? Have all the grace of healing? Do
all speak with tongues? Do all interpret?
12:31. But be zealous for the better gifts. And I shew unto you yet a
more excellent way.
1 Corinthians Chapter 13
Charity is to be preferred before all gifts.
13:1. If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not
charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal.
13:2. And if I should have prophecy and should know all mysteries and
all knowledge, and if I should have all faith, so that I could remove
mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing.
13:3. And if I should distribute all my goods to feed the poor, and if
I should deliver my body to be burned, and have not charity, it
profiteth me nothing.
13:4. Charity is patient, is kind: charity envieth not, dealeth not
perversely, is not puffed up,
13:5. Is not ambitious, seeketh not her own, is not provoked to anger,
thinketh no evil:
13:6. Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth with the truth:
13:7. Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things,
endureth all things.
13:8. Charity never falleth away: whether prophecies shall be made void
or tongues shall cease or knowledge shall be destroyed.
13:9. For we know in part: and we prophesy in part.
13:10. But when that which is perfect is come, that which is in part
shall be done away.
13:11. When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child,
I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things
of a child.
13:12. We see now through a glass in a dark manner: but then face to
face. Now I know in part: but then I shall know even as I am known.
13:13. And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but
the greatest of these is charity.
1 Corinthians Chapter 14
The gift of prophesying is to be preferred before that of speaking
14:1. Follow after charity, be zealous for spiritual gifts; but rather
that you may prophesy.
Prophesy. . .That is, declare or expound the mysteries of faith.
14:2. For he that speaketh in a tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto
God: for no man heareth. Yet by the Spirit he speaketh mysteries.
Not unto men. . .Viz., so as to be heard, that is, so as to be
understood by them.
14:3. But he that prophesieth speaketh to men unto edification and
exhortation and comfort.
14:4. He that speaketh in a tongue edifieth himself: but he that
prophesieth, edifieth the church.
14:5. And I would have you all to speak with tongues, but rather to
prophesy. For greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with
tongues: unless perhaps he interpret, that the church may receive
14:6. But now, brethren, if I come to you speaking with tongues, what
shall I profit you, unless I speak to you either in revelation or in
knowledge or in prophecy or in doctrine?
14:7. Even things without life that give sound, whether pipe or harp,
except they give a distinction of sounds, how shall it be known what is
piped or harped?
14:8. For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare
himself to the battle?
14:9. So likewise you, except you utter by the tongue plain speech, how
shall it be known what is said? For you shall be speaking into the air.
14:10. There are, for example, so many kinds of tongues in this world:
and none is without voice.
14:11. If then I know not the power of the voice, I shall be to him to
whom I speak a barbarian: and he that speaketh a barbarian to me.
14:12. So you also, forasmuch as you are zealous of spirits, seek to
abound unto the edifying of the church.
Of spirits. . .Of spiritual gifts.
14:13. And therefore he that speaketh by a tongue, let him pray that he
14:14. For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prayeth: but my
understanding is without fruit.
14:15. What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, I will pray also
with the understanding, I will sing with the spirit, I will sing also
with the understanding.
14:16. Else, if thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that
holdeth the place of the unlearned say, Amen, to thy blessing? Because
he knoweth not what thou sayest.
Amen. . .The unlearned, not knowing that you are then blessing, will not
be qualified to join with you by saying Amen to your blessing. The use
or abuse of strange tongues, of which the apostle here speaks, does not
regard the public liturgy of the church, (in which strange tongues were
never used,) but certain conferences of the faithful, ver. 26, etc., in
which, meeting together, they discovered to one another their various
miraculous gifts of the Spirit, common in those primitive times;
amongst which the apostle prefers that of prophesying before that of
speaking strange tongues, because it was more to the public
edification. Where also not, that the Latin, used in our liturgy, is so
far from being a strange or unknown tongue, that it is perhaps the best
known tongue in the world.
14:17. For thou indeed givest thanks well: but the other is not
14:18. I thank my God I speak with all your tongues.
14:19. But in the church I had rather speak five words with my
understanding, that I may instruct others also: than ten thousand words
in a tongue.
14:20. Brethren, do not become children in sense. But in malice be
children: and in sense be perfect.
14:21. In the law it is written: In other tongues and other lips I will
speak to this people: and neither so will they hear me, saith the Lord.
14:22. Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to believers but to
unbelievers: but prophecies, not to unbelievers but to believers.
14:23. If therefore the whole church come together into one place, and
all speak with tongues, and there come in unlearned persons or
infidels, will they not say that you are mad?
14:24. But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not or
an unlearned person, he is convinced of all: he is judged of all.
14:25. The secrets of his heart are made manifest. And so, falling down
on his face, he will adore God, affirming that God is among you indeed.
14:26. How is it then, brethren? When you come together, every one of
you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a revelation, hath a tongue,
hath an interpretation: let all things be done to edification.
14:27. If any speak with a tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by
three, and in course: and let one interpret.
14:28. But if there be no interpreter, let him hold his peace in the
church and speak to himself and to God.
14:29. And let the prophets speak, two or three: and let the rest
14:30. But if any thing be revealed to another sitting, let the first
hold his peace.
14:31. For you may all prophesy, one by one, that all may learn and all
may be exhorted.
14:32. And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.
14:33. For God is not the God of dissension, but of peace: as also I
teach in all the churches of the saints.
14:34. Let women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted
them to speak but to be subject, as also the law saith.
14:35. But if they would learn anything, let them ask their husbands at
home. For it is a shame for a woman to speak in the church.
14:36. Or did the word of God come out from you? Or came it only unto
14:37. If any seem to be a prophet or spiritual, let him know the
things that I write to you, that they are the commandments of the Lord.
14:38. But if any man know not, he shall not be known.
14:39. Wherefore, brethren, be zealous to prophesy: and forbid not to
speak with tongues.
14:40. But let all things be done decently and according to order.
1 Corinthians Chapter 15
Christ's resurrection and ours. The manner of our resurrection.
15:1. Now I make known unto you, brethren, the gospel which I preached
to you, which also you have received and wherein you stand.
15:2. By which also you are saved, if you hold fast after what manner I
preached unto you, unless you have believed in vain.
15:3. For I delivered unto you first of all, which I also received: how
that Christ died for our sins, according to the scriptures:
15:4. And that he was buried: and that he rose again according to the
15:5. And that he was seen by Cephas, and after that by the eleven.
15:6. Then was he seen by more than five hundred brethren at once: of
whom many remain until this present, and some are fallen asleep.
15:7. After that, he was seen by James: then by all the apostles.
15:8. And last of all, he was seen also by me, as by one born out of
15:9. For I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be
called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.
15:10. But by the grace of God, I am what I am. And his grace in me
hath not been void: but I have laboured more abundantly than all they.
Yet not I, but the grace of God with me:
15:11. For whether I or they, so we preach: and so you have believed.
15:12. Now if Christ be preached, that he arose again from the dead,
how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead?
15:13. But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then Christ is not
15:14. And if Christ be not risen again, then is our preaching vain:
and your faith is also vain.
15:15. Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God: because we have
given testimony against God, that he hath raised up Christ, whom he
hath not raised up, if the dead rise not again.
15:16. For if the dead rise not again, neither is Christ risen again.
15:17. And if Christ be not risen again, your faith is vain: for you
are yet in your sins.
15:18. Then they also that are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.
15:19. If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men
15:20. But now Christ is risen from the dead, the firstfruits of them
15:21. For by a man came death: and by a man the resurrection of the
15:22. And as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all shall be made
15:23. But every one in his own order: the firstfruits, Christ: then
they that are of Christ, who have believed in his coming.
15:24. Afterwards the end: when he shall have delivered up the kingdom
to God and the Father: when he shall have brought to nought all
principality and power and virtue.
15:25. For he must reign, until he hath put all his enemies under his
15:26. And the enemy, death, shall be destroyed last: For he hath put
all things under his feet. And whereas he saith:
15:27. All things are put under him; undoubtedly, he is excepted, who
put all things under him.
15:28. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then the Son also
himself shall be subject unto him that put all things under him, that
God may be all in all.
The Son also himself shall be subject unto him. . .That is, the Son will
be subject to the Father, according to his human nature, even after the
general resurrection; and also the whole mystical body of Christ will
be entirely subject to God, obeying him in every thing.
15:29. Otherwise, what shall they do that are baptized for the dead, if
the dead rise not again at all? Why are they then baptized for them?
That are baptized for the dead. . .Some think the apostle here alludes
to a ceremony then in use; but others, more probably, to the prayers
and penitential labours, performed by the primitive Christians for the
souls of the faithful departed; or to the baptism of afflictions and
sufferings undergone for sinners spiritually dead.
15:30. Why also are we in danger every hour?
15:31. I die daily, I protest by your glory, brethren, which I have in
Christ Jesus our Lord.
15:32. If (according to man) I fought with beasts at Ephesus, what doth
it profit me, if the dead rise not again? Let us eat and drink, for to
morrow we shall die.
Let us eat and drink, etc. . .That is, if we did not believe that we
were to rise again from the dead, we might live like the impious and
wicked, who have no belief in the resurrection.
15:33. Be not seduced: Evil communications corrupt good manners.
15:34. Awake, ye just, and sin not. For some have not the knowledge of
God. I speak it to your shame.
15:35. But some man will say: How do the dead rise again? Or with what
manner of body shall they come?
15:36. Senseless man, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except
it die first.
15:37. And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not the body that shall
be: but bare grain, as of wheat, or of some of the rest.
15:38. But God giveth it a body as he will: and to every seed its
15:39. All flesh is not the same flesh: but one is the flesh of men,
another of beasts, other of birds, another of fishes.
15:40. And there are bodies celestial and bodies terrestrial: but, one
is the glory of the celestial, and another of the terrestrial.
15:41. One is the glory of the sun, another the glory of the moon, and
another the glory of the stars. For star differeth from star in glory.
15:42. So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in
corruption: it shall rise in incorruption.
15:43. It is sown in dishonour: it shall rise in glory. It is sown in
weakness: it shall rise in power.
15:44. It is sown a natural body: it shall rise a spiritual body. If
there be a natural body, there is also a spiritual body, as it is
15:45. The first man Adam was made into a living soul; the last Adam
into a quickening spirit.
15:46. Yet that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is
natural: afterwards that which is spiritual.
15:47. The first man was of the earth, earthly: the second man, from
15:48. Such as is the earthly, such also are the earthly: and such as
is the heavenly, such also are they that are heavenly.
15:49. Therefore, as we have borne the image of the earthly, let us
bear also the image of the heavenly.
15:50. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot possess
the kingdom of God: neither shall corruption possess incorruption.
15:51. Behold, I tell you a mystery. We shall all indeed rise again:
but we shall not all be changed.
15:52. In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet:
for the trumpet shall sound and the dead shall rise again
incorruptible. And we shall be changed.
15:53. For this corruptible must put on incorruption: and this mortal
must put on immortality.
15:54. And when this mortal hath put on immortality, then shall come to
pass the saying that is written: Death is swallowed up in victory.
15:55. O death, where is thy victory? O death, where is thy sting?
15:56. Now the sting of death is sin: and the power of sin is the law.
15:57. But thanks be to God, who hath given us the victory through our
Lord Jesus Christ.
15:58. Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye steadfast and unmoveable:
always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labour is
not in vain in the Lord.
1 Corinthians Chapter 16
Of collection of alms. Admonitions and salutations.
16:1. Now concerning the collections that are made for the saints: as I
have given order to the churches of Galatia, so do ye also.
16:2. On the first day of the week, let every one of you put apart with
himself, laying up what it shall well please him: that when I come, the
collections be not then to be made.
16:3. And when I shall be with you, whomsoever you shall approve by
letters, them will I send to carry your grace to Jerusalem.
16:4. And if it be meet that I also go, they shall go with me.
16:5. Now I will come to you, when I shall have passed through
Macedonia. For I shall pass through Macedonia.
16:6. And with you perhaps I shall abide, or even spend the winter:
that you may bring me on my way whithersoever I shall go.
16:7. For I will not see you now by the way: for I trust that I shall
abide with you some time, if the Lord permit.
16:8. But I will tarry at Ephesus, until Pentecost.
16:9. For a great door and evident is opened unto me: and many
16:10. Now if Timothy come, see that he be with you without fear: for
he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do.
16:11. Let no man therefore despise him: but conduct ye him on his way
in peace, that he may come to me. For I look for him with the brethren.
16:12. And touching our brother Apollo, I give you to understand that I
much entreated him to come unto you with the brethren: and indeed it
was not his will at all to come at this time. But he will come when he
shall have leisure.
16:13. Watch ye: stand fast in the faith: do manfully and be
16:14. Let all your things be done in charity.
16:15. And I beseech you, brethren, you know the house of Stephanus,
and of Fortunatus, and of Achaicus, that they are the firstfruits of
Achaia, and have dedicated themselves to the ministry of the saints:
16:16. That you also be subject to such and to every one that worketh
with us and laboureth.
16:17. And I rejoice in the presence of Stephanus and Fortunatus and
Achaicus: because that which was wanting on your part, they have
16:18. For they have refreshed both my spirit and yours. Know them,
therefore, that are such.
16:19. The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you
much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house, with whom I
16:20. All the brethren salute you. Salute one another with a holy
16:21. The salutation of me Paul, with my own hand.
16:22. If any man love not our Lord Jesus Christ, let him be anathema,
Let him be anathema, maranatha. . .Anathema signifies here a thing
accursed. Maran-atha, which, according to St. Jerome and St.
Chrysostom, signify, 'The Lord is come' already, and therefore is to be
taken as an admonition to those who doubted of the resurrection, and to
put them in mind that Christ, the judge of the living and the dead, is
come already. Others explain Maran-atha: 'May our Lord come', that is,
to judge and punish those with exemplary judgments and punishments,
that do not love the Lord Jesus Christ.
16:23. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.
16:24. My charity be with you all in Christ Jesus. Amen.
THE SECOND EPISTLE OF ST. PAUL TO THE CORINTHIANS
In this Epistle St. Paul comforts those who are now reformed by his
admonitions to them in the former and absolves the incestuous man on
doing penance, whom he had before excommunicated for his crime. Hence
he treats of true penance and of the dignity of the ministers of the
New Testament. He cautions the faithful against false teachers and the
society of infidels. He gives an account of his sufferings and also of
the favours and graces which God hath bestowed on him. This second
Epistle was written in the same year with the first and sent by Titus
from some place in Macedonia.
2 Corinthians Chapter 1
He speaks of his troubles in Asia. His not coming to them was not out
of levity. The constancy and sincerity of his doctrine.
1:1. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy
our brother: to the church of God that is at Corinth, with all the
saints that are in all Achaia:
1:2. Grace unto you and peace from God our Father and from the Lord
1:3. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father
of mercies and the God of all comfort:
1:4. Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we also may be able
to comfort them who are in all distress, by the exhortation wherewith
we also are exhorted by God.
1:5. For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us: so also by Christ
doth our comfort abound.
1:6. Now whether we be in tribulation, it is for your exhortation and
salvation: or whether we be comforted, it is for your consolation: or
whether we be exhorted, it is for your exhortation and salvation, which
worketh the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer.
1:7. That our hope for you may be steadfast: knowing that as you are
partakers of the sufferings, so shall you be also of the consolation.
1:8. For we would not have you ignorant, brethren, of our tribulation
which came to us in Asia: that we were pressed out of measure above our
strength, so that we were weary even of life.
1:9. But we had in ourselves the answer of death, that we should not
trust in ourselves, but in God who raiseth the dead.
1:10. Who hath delivered and doth deliver us out of so great dangers:
in whom we trust that he will yet also deliver us,
1:11. You helping withal in prayer for us. That for this gift obtained
for us, by the means of many persons, thanks may be given by many in
1:12. For our glory is this: the testimony of our conscience, that in
simplicity of heart and sincerity of God, and not in carnal wisdom, but
in the grace of God, we have conversed in this world: and more
abundantly towards you.
1:13. For we write no other things to you than what you have read and
known. And I hope that you shall know unto the end.
1:14. As also you have known us in part, that we are your glory: as you
also are ours, in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.
1:15. And in this confidence I had a mind to come to you before, that
you might have a second grace:
1:16. And to pass by you into Macedonia: and again from Macedonia to
come to you, and by you to be brought on my way towards Judea.
1:17. Whereas then I was thus minded, did I use lightness? Or, the
things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that there
should be with me, It is, and It is not?
1:18. But God is faithful: for our preaching which was to you, was not,
It is, and It is not.
1:19. For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by
us, by me and Sylvanus and Timothy, was not: It is and It is not. But,
It is, was in him.
It is, was in him. . .There was no inconstancy in the doctrine of the
apostles, sometimes, like modern sectaries, saying, It is, and at other
times saying, It is not. But their doctrine was ever the same, one
uniform yea, in Jesus Christ, one Amen, that is, one truth in him.
1:20. For all the promises of God are in him, It is. Therefore also by
him, amen to God, unto our glory.
1:21. Now he that confirmeth us with you in Christ and that hath
anointed us, is God:
1:22. Who also hath sealed us and given the pledge of the Spirit in our
1:23. But I call God to witness upon my soul that to spare you, I came
not any more to Corinth: not because we exercise dominion over your
faith: but we are helpers of your joy. For in faith you stand.
2 Corinthians Chapter 2
He grants a pardon to the incestuous man upon his doing penance.
2:1. But I determined this with myself, to come to you again in sorrow.
2:2. For if I make you sorrowful, who is he then that can make me glad,
but the same who is made sorrowful by me?
2:3. And I wrote this same to you: that I may not, when I come, have
sorrow upon sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice: having
confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all.
2:4. For out of much affliction and anguish of heart, I wrote to you
with many tears: not that you should be made sorrowful: but that you
might know the charity I have more abundantly towards you.
2:5. And if any one have caused grief, he hath not grieved me: but in
part, that I may not burden you all.
2:6. To him who is such a one, this rebuke is sufficient, which is
given by many.
2:7. So that on the contrary, you should rather forgive him and comfort
him, lest perhaps such a one be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.
2:8. Wherefore, I beseech you that you would confirm your charity
2:9. For to this end also did I write, that I may know the experiment
of you, whether you be obedient in all things.
2:10. And to whom you have pardoned any thing, I also. For, what I have
pardoned, if I have pardoned any thing, for your sakes have I done it
in the person of Christ:
I also. . .The apostle here granted an indulgence, or pardon, in the
person and by the authority of Christ, to the incestuous Corinthian,
whom before he had put under penance, which pardon consisted in a
releasing of part of the temporal punishment due to his sin.
2:11. That we be not overreached by Satan. For we are not ignorant of
2:12. And when I was come to Troas for the gospel of Christ and a door
was opened unto me in the Lord,
2:13. I had no rest in my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother:
but bidding them farewell, I went into Macedonia.
2:14. Now thanks be to God, who always maketh us to triumph in Christ
Jesus and manifesteth the odour of his knowledge by us in every place.
2:15. For we are the good odour of Christ unto God, in them that are
saved and in them that perish.
2:16. To the one indeed the odour of death unto death: but to the
others the odour of life unto life. And for these things who is so
The odour of death, etc. . .The preaching of the apostle, which by its
fragrant odour, brought many to life, was to others, through their own
fault, the occasion of death; by their wilfully opposing and resisting
that divine call.
2:17. For we are not as many, adulterating the word of God: but with
sincerity: but as from God, before God, in Christ we speak.
2 Corinthians Chapter 3
He needs no commendatory letters. The glory of the ministry of the New
3:1. Do we begin again to commend ourselves? Or do we need (as some do)
epistles of commendation to you, or from you?
3:2. You are our epistle, written in our hearts, which is known and
read by all men:
3:3. Being manifested, that you are the epistle of Christ, ministered
by us, and written: not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God:
not in tables of stone but in the fleshly tables of the heart.
3:4. And such confidence we have, through Christ, towards God.
3:5. Not that we are sufficient to think any thing of ourselves, as of
ourselves: but our sufficiency is from God.
3:6. Who also hath made us fit ministers of the new testament, not in
the letter but in the spirit. For the letter killeth: but the spirit
The letter. . .Not rightly understood, and taken without the spirit.
3:7. Now if the ministration of death, engraven with letters upon
stones, was glorious (so that the children of Israel could not
steadfastly behold the face of Moses, for the glory of his
countenance), which is made void:
3:8. How shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather in glory?
3:9. For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more the
ministration of justice aboundeth in glory.
3:10. For even that which was glorious in this part was not glorified
by reason of the glory that excelleth.
3:11. For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which
remaineth is in glory.
3:12. Having therefore such hope, we use much confidence.
3:13. And not as Moses put a veil upon his face, that the children of
Israel might not steadfastly look on the face of that which is made
3:14. But their senses were made dull. For, until this present day, the
selfsame veil, in the reading of the old testament, remaineth not taken
away (because in Christ it is made void).
3:15. But even until this day, when Moses is read, the veil is upon
3:16. But when they shall be converted to the Lord, the veil shall be
3:17. Now the Lord is a Spirit. And where the Spirit of the Lord is,
there is liberty.
3:18. But we all, beholding the glory of the Lord with open face, are
transformed into the same image from glory to glory, as by the Spirit
of the Lord.
2 Corinthians Chapter 4
The sincerity of his preaching. His comfort in his afflictions.
4:1. Therefore seeing we have this ministration, according as we have
obtained mercy, we faint not.
4:2. But we renounce the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in
craftiness nor adulterating the word of God: but by manifestation of
the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience, in the sight
4:3. And if our gospel be also hid, it is hid to them that are lost,
4:4. In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of
unbelievers, that the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who
is the image of God, should not shine unto them.
4:5. For we preach not ourselves, but Jesus Christ our Lord: and
ourselves your servants through Jesus.
4:6. For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath
shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory
of God, in the face of Christ Jesus.
4:7. But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency
may be of the power of God and not of us.
4:8. In all things we suffer tribulation: but are not distressed. We
are straitened: but are not destitute.
4:9. We suffer persecution: but are not forsaken. We are cast down:
but we perish not.
4:10. Always bearing about in our body the mortification of Jesus, that
the life also of Jesus may be made manifest in our bodies.
4:11. For we who live are always delivered unto death for Jesus' sake:
that the life also of Jesus may be made manifest in our mortal flesh.
4:12. So then death worketh in us: but life in you.
4:13. But having the same spirit of faith, as it is written: I
believed, for which cause I have spoken; we also believe. For which
cause we speak also:
4:14. Knowing that he who raised up Jesus will raise us up also with
Jesus and place us with you.
4:15. For all things are for your sakes: that the grace, abounding
through many, may abound in thanksgiving unto the glory of God.
4:16. For which cause we faint not: but though our outward man is
corrupted, yet the inward man is renewed day by day.
4:17. For that which is at present momentary and light of our
tribulation worketh for us above measure, exceedingly an eternal weight
4:18. While we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things
which are not seen. For the things which are seen are temporal: but the
things which are not seen, are eternal.
2 Corinthians Chapter 5
He is willing to leave his earthly mansion to be with the Lord. His
charity to the Corinthians.
5:1. For we know, if our earthly house of this habitation be dissolved,
that we have a building of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in
5:2. For in this also we groan, desiring to be clothed upon with our
habitation that is from heaven.
5:3. Yet so that we be found clothed, not naked.
5:4. For we also, who are in this tabernacle, do groan, being
burthened; because we would not be unclothed, but clothed upon, that
that which is mortal may be swallowed up by life.
5:5. Now he that maketh us for this very thing is God, who hath given
us the pledge of the Spirit,
5:6. Therefore having always confidence, knowing that while we are in
the body we are absent from the Lord.
5:7. (For we walk by faith and not by sight.)
5:8. But we are confident and have a good will to be absent rather from
the body and to be present with the Lord.
5:9. And therefore we labour, whether absent or present, to please him.
5:10. For we must all be manifested before the judgment seat of Christ,
that every one may receive the proper things of the body, according as
he hath done, whether it be good or evil.
The proper things of the body. . .In the particular judgment,
immediately after death, the soul is rewarded or punished according to
what it has done in the body.
5:11. Knowing therefore the fear of the Lord, we use persuasion to men:
but to God we are manifest. And I trust also that in your consciences
we are manifest.
5:12. We commend not ourselves again to you, but give you occasion to
glory in our behalf: that you may have somewhat to answer them who
glory in face, and not in heart.
5:13. For whether we be transported in mind, it is to God: or whether
we be sober, it is for you.
5:14. For the charity of Christ presseth us: judging this, that if one
died for all, then all were dead.
5:15. And Christ died for all: that they also who live may not now live
to themselves, but unto him who died for them and rose again.
5:16. Wherefore henceforth, we know no man according to the flesh. And
if we have known Christ according to the flesh: but now we know him so
We know no man according to the flesh. . .That is, we consider not any
man with regard to his nation, family, kindred, or other natural
qualities or advantages; but only with relation to Christ, and
according to the order of divine charity, in God, and for God. The
apostle adds, that even with respect to Christ himself, he now no
longer considers him according to the flesh, by taking a satisfaction
in his being his countryman; his affection being now purified from all
such earthly considerations.
5:17. If then any be in Christ a new creature, the old things are
passed away. Behold all things are made new.
5:18. But all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by
Christ and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation.
5:19. For God indeed was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself,
not imputing to them their sins. And he hath placed in us the word of
5:20. For Christ therefore we are ambassadors, God as it were exhorting
by us, for Christ, we beseech you, be reconciled to God.
5:21. Him, who knew no sin, he hath made sin for us: that we might be
made the justice of God in him.
Sin for us. . .That is, to be a sin offering, a victim for sin.
2 Corinthians Chapter 6
He exhorts them to a correspondence with God's grace and not to
associate with unbelievers.
6:1. And we helping do exhort you that you receive not the grace of God
6:2. For he saith: In an accepted time have I heard thee and in the day
of salvation have I helped thee. Behold, now is the acceptable time:
behold, now is the day of salvation.
6:3. Giving no offence to any man, that our ministry be not blamed.
6:4. But in all things let us exhibit ourselves as the ministers of
God, in much patience, in tribulation, in necessities, in distresses,
6:5. In stripes, in prisons, in seditions, in labours, in watchings, in
6:6. In chastity, in knowledge, in longsuffering, in sweetness, in the
Holy Ghost, in charity unfeigned,
6:7. In the word of truth, in the power of God: by the armour of
justice on the right hand and on the left:
6:8. By honour and dishonour: by evil report and good report: as
deceivers and yet true: as unknown and yet known:
6:9. As dying and behold we live: as chastised and not killed:
6:10. As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing: as needy, yet enriching many:
as having nothing and possessing all things.
6:11. Our mouth is open to you, O ye Corinthians: our heart is
6:12. You are not straitened in us: but in your own bowels you are
6:13. But having the same recompense (I speak as to my children): be
you also enlarged.
6:14. Bear not the yoke with unbelievers. For what participation hath
justice with injustice? Or what fellowship hath light with darkness?
6:15. And what concord hath Christ with Belial? Or what part hath the
faithful with the unbeliever?
6:16. And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? For you are
the temple of the living God: as God saith: I will dwell in them and
walk among them. And I will be their God: and they shall be my people.
6:17. Wherefore: Go out from among them and be ye separate, saith the
Lord, and touch not the unclean thing:
6:18. And I will receive you. And will be a Father to you: and you
shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
2 Corinthians Chapter 7
The apostle's affection for the Corinthians. His comfort and joy on
7:1. Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse
ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and of the spirit,
perfecting sanctification in the fear of God.
7:2. Receive us. We have injured no man: we have corrupted no man: we
have overreached no man.
7:3. I speak not this to your condemnation. For we have said before
that you are in our hearts: to die together and to live together.
7:4. Great is my confidence for you: great is my glorying for you. I am
filled with comfort: I exceedingly abound with joy in all our
7:5. For also, when we were come into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest:
but we suffered all tribulation. Combats without: fears within.
7:6. But God, who comforteth the humble, comforted us by the coming of
7:7. And not by his coming only, but also by the consolation wherewith
he was comforted in you, relating to us your desire, your mourning,
your zeal for me: so that I rejoiced the more.
7:8. For although I made you sorrowful by my epistle, I do not repent.
And if I did repent, seeing that the same epistle (although but for a
time) did make you sorrowful,
7:9. Now I am glad: not because you were made sorrowful, but because
you were made sorrowful unto penance. For you were made sorrowful
according to God, that you might suffer damage by us in nothing.
7:10. For the sorrow that is according to God worketh penance,
steadfast unto salvation: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.
7:11. For behold this selfsame thing, that you were made sorrowful
according to God, how great carefulness it worketh in you: yea defence,
yea indignation, yea fear, yea desire, yea zeal, yea revenge. In all
things you have shewed yourselves to be undefiled in the matter.
7:12. Wherefore although I wrote to you, it was not for his sake that
did the wrong, nor for him that suffered it: but to manifest our
carefulness that we have for you
7:13. Before God: therefore we were comforted. But in our consolation
we did the more abundantly rejoice for the joy of Titus, because his
spirit was refreshed by you all.
7:14. And if I have boasted any thing to him of you, I have not been
put to shame: but as we have spoken all things to you in truth, so also
our boasting that was made to Titus is found a truth.
7:15. And his bowels are more abundantly towards you: remembering the
obedience of you all, how with fear and trembling you received him.
7:16. I rejoice that in all things I have confidence in you.
2 Corinthians Chapter 8
He exhorts them to contribute bountifully to relieve the poor of
8:1. Now we make known unto you, brethren, the grace of God that hath
been given in the churches of Macedonia.
8:2. That in much experience of tribulation, they have had abundance of
joy and their very deep poverty hath abounded unto the riches of their
Simplicity. . .That is, sincere bounty and charity.
8:3. For according to their power (I bear them witness) and beyond
their power, they were willing:
8:4. With much entreaty begging of us the grace and communication of
the ministry that is done toward the saints.
8:5. And not as we hoped: but they gave their own selves, first to the
Lord, then to us by the will of God;
8:6. Insomuch, that we desired Titus, that, as he had begun, so also he
would finish among you this same grace.
8:7. That as in all things you abound in faith and word and knowledge
and all carefulness, moreover also in your charity towards us: so in
this grace also you may abound.
8:8. I speak not as commanding: but by the carefulness of others,
approving also the good disposition of your charity.
8:9. For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that being rich
he became poor for your sakes: that through his poverty you might be
8:10. And herein I give my advice: for this is profitable for you who
have begun not only to do but also to be willing, a year ago.
8:11. Now therefore perform ye it also in deed: that as your mind is
forward to be willing, so it may be also to perform, out of that which
8:12. For if the will be forward, it is accepted according to that
which a man hath: not according to that which he hath not.
8:13. For I mean not that others should be eased and you burdened, but
by an equality.
8:14. In this present time let your abundance supply their want, that
their abundance also may supply your want: that there may be an
8:15. As it is written: He that had much had nothing over; and he that
had little had no want.
8:16. And thanks be to God, who hath given the same carefulness for you
in the heart of Titus.
8:17. For indeed he accepted the exhortation: but, being more careful,
of his own will he went unto you.
8:18. We have sent also with him the brother whose praise is in the
gospel through all the churches.
8:19. And not that only: but he was also ordained by the churches
companion of our travels, for this grace, which is administered by us,
to the glory of the Lord and our determined will:
8:20. Avoiding this, lest any man should blame us in this abundance
which is administered by us.
8:21. For we forecast what may be good, not only before God but also
8:22. And we have sent with them our brother also, whom we have often
proved diligent in many things, but now much more diligent: with much
confidence in you,
8:23. Either for Titus, who is my companion and fellow labourer towards
you, or our brethren, the apostles of the churches, the glory of
8:24. Wherefore shew ye to them, in the sight of the churches, the
evidence of your charity and of our boasting on your behalf.
2 Corinthians Chapter 9
A further exhortation to almsgiving. The fruits of it.
9:1. For concerning the ministry that is done towards the saints, it is
superfluous for me to write unto you.
9:2. For I know your forward mind: for which I boast of you to the
Macedonians, that Achaia also is ready from the year past. And your
emulation hath provoked very many.
9:3. Now I have sent the brethren, that the thing which we boast of
concerning you be not made void in this behalf, that (as I have said)
you may be ready:
9:4. Lest, when the Macedonians shall come with me and find you
unprepared, we (not to say ye) should be ashamed in this matter.
9:5. Therefore I thought it necessary to desire the brethren that they
would go to you before and prepare this blessing before promised, to be
ready, so as a blessing, not as covetousness.
9:6. Now this I say: He who soweth sparingly shall also reap sparingly:
and he who soweth in blessings shall also reap blessings.
9:7. Every one as he hath determined in his heart, not with sadness or
of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.
9:8. And God is able to make all grace abound in you: that ye always,
having all sufficiently in all things, may abound to every good work,
9:9. As it is written: He hath dispersed abroad, he hath given to the
poor: his justice remaineth for ever.
9:10. And he that ministereth seed to the sower will both give you
bread to eat and will multiply your seed and increase the growth of the
fruits of your justice:
9:11. That being enriched in all things, you may abound unto all
simplicity which worketh through us thanksgiving to God.
9:12. Because the administration of this office doth not only supply
the want of the saints, but aboundeth also by many thanksgivings in the
9:13. By the proof of this ministry, glorifying God for the obedience
of your confession unto the gospel of Christ and for the simplicity of
your communicating unto them and unto all.
9:14. And in their praying for you, being desirous of you, because of
the excellent grace of God in you.
9:15. Thanks be to God for his unspeakable gift.
2 Corinthians Chapter 10
To stop the calumny and boasting of false apostles, he set forth the
power of his apostleship.
10:1. Now I Paul, myself beseech you, by the mildness and modesty of
Christ: who in presence indeed am lowly among you, but being absent am
bold toward you.
10:2. But I beseech you, that I may not be bold when I am present with
that confidence wherewith I am thought to be bold, against some who
reckon us as if we walked according to the flesh.
10:3. For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the
10:4. For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal but mighty to God,
unto the pulling down of fortifications, destroying counsels,
10:5. And every height that exalteth itself against the knowledge of
God: and bringing into captivity every understanding unto the obedience
10:6. And having in readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your
obedience shall be fulfilled.
10:7. See the things that are according to outward appearance. If any
man trust to himself, that he is Christ's let him think this again with
himself, that as he is Christ's, so are we also.
10:8. For if also I should boast somewhat more of our power, which the
Lord hath given us unto edification and not for your destruction, I
should not be ashamed.
10:9. But that I may not be thought as it were to terrify you by
10:10. (For his epistles indeed, say they, are weighty and strong; but
his bodily presence is weak and his speech contemptible):
10:11. Let such a one think this, that such as we are in word by
epistles when absent, such also we will be indeed when present.
10:12. For we dare not match or compare ourselves with some that
commend themselves: but we measure ourselves by ourselves and compare
ourselves with ourselves.
10:13. But we will not glory beyond our measure: but according to the
measure of the rule which God hath measured to us, a measure to reach
even unto you.
10:14. For we stretch not ourselves beyond our measure, as if we
reached not unto you. For we are come as far as to you in the Gospel of
10:15. Not glorying beyond measure in other men's labours: but having
hope of your increasing faith, to be magnified in you according to our
10:16. Yea, unto those places that are beyond you to preach the gospel:
not to glory in another man's rule, in those things that are made ready
to our hand.
10:17. But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
10:18. For not he who commendeth himself is approved: but he, whom God
2 Corinthians Chapter 11
He is forced to commend himself and his labours, lest the Corinthians
should be imposed upon by the false apostles.
11:1. Would to God you could bear with some little of my folly! But do
bear with me.
My folly. . .So he calls his reciting his own praises, which, commonly
speaking is looked upon as a piece of folly and vanity; though the
apostle was constrained to do it, for the good of the souls committed
to his charge.
11:2. For I am jealous of you with the jealousy of God. For I have
espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin
11:3. But I fear lest, as the serpent seduced Eve by his subtilty, so
your minds should be corrupted and fall from the simplicity that is in
11:4. For if he that cometh preacheth another Christ, whom we have not
preached; or if you receive another Spirit, whom you have not received;
or another gospel, which you have not received: you might well bear
11:5. For I suppose that I have done nothing less than the great
11:6. For although I be rude in speech, yet not in knowledge: but in
all things we have been made manifest to you.
11:7. Or did I commit a fault, humbling myself that you might be
exalted, because I preached unto you the Gospel of God freely?
11:8. I have taken from other churches, receiving wages of them for
11:9. And, when I was present with you and wanted, I was chargeable to
no man: for that which was wanting to me, the brethren supplied who
came from Macedonia. And in all things I have kept myself from being
burthensome to you: and so I will keep myself.
11:10. The truth of Christ is in me, that this glorying shall not be
broken off in me in the regions of Achaia.
11:11. Wherefore? Because I love you not? God knoweth it.
11:12. But what I do, that I will do: that I may cut off the occasion
from them that desire occasion: that wherein they glory, they may be
found even as we.
11:13. For such false apostles are deceitful workmen, transforming
themselves into the apostles of Christ.
11:14. And no wonder: for Satan himself transformeth himself into an
angel of light.
11:15. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers be transformed
as the ministers of justice, whose end shall be according to their
11:16. I say again (Let no man think me to be foolish: otherwise take
me as one foolish, that I also may glory a little):
11:17. That which I speak, I speak not according to God: but as it were
in foolishness, in this matter of glorying.
11:18. Seeing that many glory according to the flesh, I will glory
11:19. For you gladly suffer the foolish: whereas yourselves are wise.
11:20. For you suffer if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour
you, if a man take from you, if a man be lifted up, if a man strike you
on the face.
11:21. I seek according to dishonour, as if we had been weak in this
part. Wherein if any man dare (I speak foolishly), I dare also.
11:22. They are Hebrews: so am I. They are Israelites: so am I. They
are the seed of Abraham: so am I.
11:23. They are the ministers of Christ (I speak as one less wise): I
am more; in many more labours, in prisons more frequently, in stripes
above measure, in deaths often.
11:24. Of the Jews five times did I receive forty stripes save one.
11:25. Thrice was I beaten with rods: once I was stoned: thrice I
suffered shipwreck: a night and a day I was in the depth of the sea.
11:26. In journeying often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers,
in perils from my own nation, in perils from the Gentiles, in perils in
the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils
from false brethren:
11:27. In labour and painfulness, in much watchings, in hunger and
thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness:
11:28. Besides those things which are without: my daily instance, the
solicitude for all the churches.
My daily instance. . .The labours that come in, and press upon me every
11:29. Who is weak, and I am not weak? Who is scandalized, and I am not
11:30. If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things that concern
11:31. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is blessed for
ever, knoweth that I lie not.
11:32. At Damascus, the governor of the nation under Aretas the king,
guarded the city of the Damascenes, to apprehend me.
11:33. And through a window in a basket was I let down by the wall: and
so escaped his hands.
2 Corinthians Chapter 12
His raptures and revelations, His being buffeted by Satan. His fear for
12:1. If I must glory (it is not expedient indeed) but I will come to
visions and revelations of the Lord.
12:2. I know a man in Christ: above fourteen years ago (whether in the
body, I know not, or out of the body, I know not: God knoweth), such a
one caught up to the third heaven.
12:3. And I know such a man (whether in the body, or out of the body, I
know not: God knoweth):
12:4. That he was caught up into paradise and heard secret words which
it is not granted to man to utter.
12:5. For such an one I will glory: but for myself I will glory nothing
but in my infirmities.
12:6. For though I should have a mind to glory, I shall not be foolish:
for I will say the truth. But I forbear, lest any man should think of
me above that which he seeth in me, or any thing he heareth from me.
12:7. And lest the greatness of the revelations should exalt me, there
was given me a sting of my flesh, an angel of Satan, to buffet me.
12:8. For which thing, thrice I besought the Lord that it might depart
12:9. And he said to me: My grace is sufficient for thee: for power is
made perfect in infirmity. Gladly therefore will I glory in my
infirmities, that the power of Christ may dwell in me.
Power is made perfect. . .The strength and power of God more perfectly
shines forth in our weakness and infirmity; as the more weak we are of
ourselves, the more illustrious is his grace in supporting us, and
giving us the victory under all trials and conflicts.
12:10. For which cause I please myself in my infirmities, in
reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ.
For when I am weak, then am I powerful.
12:11. I am become foolish. You have compelled me: for I ought to have
been commended by you. For I have no way come short of them that are
above measure apostles, although I be nothing.
12:12. Yet the signs of my apostleship have been wrought on you, in all
patience, in signs and wonders and mighty deeds.
12:13. For what is there that you have had less than the other churches
but that I myself was not burthensome to you? Pardon me this injury.
12:14. Behold now the third time I am ready to come to you and I will
not be burthensome unto you. For I seek not the things that are yours,
but you. For neither ought the children to lay up for the parents, but
the parents for the children.
12:15. But I most gladly will spend and be spent myself for your souls:
although loving you more, I be loved less.
12:16. But be it so: I did not burthen you: but being crafty, I caught
you by guile.
12:17. Did I overreach you by any of them whom I sent to you?
12:18. I desired Titus: and I sent with him a brother. Did Titus
overreach you? Did we not walk with the same spirit? Did we not in the
12:19. Of old, think you that we excuse ourselves to you? We speak
before God in Christ: but all things, my dearly beloved, for your
12:20. For I fear lest perhaps, when I come, I shall not find you such
as I would, and that I shall be found by you such as you would not.
Lest perhaps contentions, envyings, animosities, dissensions,
detractions, whisperings, swellings, seditions, be among you.
12:21. Lest again, when I come, God humble me among you: and I mourn
many of them that sinned before and have not done penance for the
uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness that they have
2 Corinthians Chapter 13
He threatens the impenitent, to provoke them to penance.
13:1. Behold, this is the third time I am coming to you: In the mouth
of two or three witnesses shall every word stand.
13:2. I have told before and foretell, as present and now absent, to
them that sinned before and to all the rest, that if I come again, I
will not spare.
13:3. Do you seek a proof of Christ that speaketh in me, who towards
you is not weak, but is mighty in you?
13:4. For although he was crucified through weakness, yet he liveth by
the power of God. For we also are weak in him: but we shall live with
him by the power of God towards you.
13:5. Try your own selves if you be in the faith: prove ye yourselves.
Know you not your own selves, that Christ Jesus is in you, unless
perhaps you be reprobates?
13:6. But I trust that you shall know that we are not reprobates.
13:7. Now we pray God that you may do no evil, not that we may appear
approved, but that you may do that which is good and that we may be as
Reprobates. . .that is, without proof, by having no occasion of shewing
our power in punishing you.
13:8. For we can do nothing against the truth: but for the truth.
13:9. For we rejoice that we are weak and you are strong. This also we
pray for, your perfection.
13:10. Therefore I write these things, being absent, that, being
present, I may not deal more severely, according to the power which the
Lord hath given me unto edification and not unto destruction.
13:11. For the rest, brethren, rejoice, be perfect, take exhortation,
be of one mind, have peace. And the God of grace and of love shall be
13:12. Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the saints salute you.
13:13. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ and the charity of God and
the communication of the Holy Ghost be with you all. Amen.
THE EPISTLE OF ST. PAUL TO THE GALATIANS
The Galatians, soon after St. Paul had preached the Gospel to them,
were seduced by some false teachers, who had been Jews and who were for
obliging all Christians, even those who had been Gentiles, to observe
circumcision and the other ceremonies of the Mosaical law. In this
Epistle, he refutes the pernicious doctrine of those teachers and also
their calumny against his mission and apostleship. The subject matter
of this Epistle is much the same as that to the Romans. It was written
at Ephesus, about twenty-three years after our Lord's Ascension.
Galatians Chapter 1
He blames the Galatians for suffering themselves to be imposed upon by
new teachers. The apostle's calling.
1:1. Paul, an apostle, not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ
and God the Father, who raised him from the dead:
1:2. And all the brethren who are with me: to the churches of Galatia.
1:3. Grace be to you, and peace from God the Father and from our Lord
1:4. Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this
present wicked world, according to the will of God and our Father:
1:5. To whom is glory for ever and ever. Amen.
1:6. I wonder that you are so soon removed from him that called you
into the grace of Christ, unto another gospel.
1:7. Which is not another: only there are some that trouble you and
would pervert the gospel of Christ.
1:8. But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach a gospel to you
besides that which we have preached to you, let him be anathema.
1:9. As we said before, so now I say again: If any one preach to you a
gospel, besides that which you have received, let him be anathema.
1:10. For do I now persuade men, or God? Or do I seek to please men? If
I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.
1:11. For I give you to understand, brethren, that the gospel which was
preached by me is not according to man.
1:12. For neither did I receive it of man: nor did I learn it but by
the revelation of Jesus Christ.
1:13. For you have heard of my conversation in time past in the Jews'
religion: how that, beyond measure, I persecuted the church of God and
1:14. And I made progress in the Jew's religion above many of my equals
in my own nation, being more abundantly zealous for the traditions of
1:15. But when it pleased him who separated me from my mother's womb
and called me by his grace,
1:16. To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the
Gentiles: immediately I condescended not to flesh and blood.
1:17. Neither went I to Jerusalem, to the apostles who were before me:
but I went into Arabia, and again I returned to Damascus.
1:18. Then, after three years, I went to Jerusalem to see Peter: and I
tarried with him fifteen days.
1:19. But other of the apostles I saw none, saving James the brother of
1:20. Now the things which I write to you, behold, before God, I lie
1:21. Afterwards, I came into the regions of Syria and Cilicia.
1:22. And I was unknown by face to the churches of Judea, which were in
1:23. But they had heard only: He, who persecuted us in times past doth
now preach the faith which once he impugned.
1:24. And they glorified God in me.
Galatians Chapter 2
The apostle's preaching was approved of by the other apostles. The
Gentiles were not to be constrained to the observance of the law.
2:1. Then, after fourteen years, I went up again to Jerusalem with
Barnabas, taking Titus also with me.
2:2. And I went up according to revelation and communicated to them the
gospel which I preach among the Gentiles: but apart to them who seemed
to be some thing: lest perhaps I should run or had run in vain.
2:3. But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Gentile, was compelled
to be circumcised.
2:4. But because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in
privately to spy our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they
might bring us into servitude.
2:5. To whom we yielded not by subjection: no, not for an hour: that
the truth of the gospel might continue with you.
2:6. But of them who seemed to be some thing, (what they were some time
it is nothing to me, God accepteth not the person of man): for to me
they that seemed to be some thing added nothing.