Part 25 out of 29
1:52. And that whosoever would not do according to the word of king
Antiochus, should be put to death.
1:53. According to all these words he wrote to his whole kingdom: and
he appointed rulers over the people that should force them to do these
1:54. And they commanded the cities of Juda to sacrifice.
1:55. Then many of the people were gathered to them that had forsaken
the law of the Lord: and they committed evils in the land:
1:56. And they drove away the people of Israel into lurking holes, and
into the secret places of fugitives.
1:57. On the fifteenth day of the month, Casleu, in the hundred and
forty-fifth year, king Antiochus set up the abominable idol of
desolation upon the altar of God, and they built altars throughout all
the cities of Juda round about:
The abominable idol, etc. . .Viz., the statue of Jupiter Olympius.
1:58. And they burnt incense, and sacrificed at the doors of the houses
and in the streets.
1:59. And they cut in pieces, and burnt with fire the books of the law
1:60. And every one with whom the books of the testament of the Lord
were found, and whosoever observed the law of the Lord, they put to
death, according to the edict of the king.
1:61. Thus by their power did they deal with the people of Israel, that
were found in the cities month after month.
1:62. And on the five and twentieth day of the month they sacrificed
upon the altar of the idol that was over against the altar of God.
1:63. Now the women that circumcised their children were slain
according to the commandment of king Antiochus,
1:64. And they hanged the children about their neck in all their
houses: and those that had circumcised them, they put to death.
1:65. And many of the people of Israel determined with themselves, that
they would not eat unclean things: and they chose rather to die, than
to be defiled with unclean meats:
1:66. And they would not break the holy law of God and they were put to
1:67. And there was very great wrath upon the people.
1 Machabees Chapter 2
The zeal and success of Mathathias. His exhortation to his sons at his
2:1. In those days arose Mathathias, the son of John, the son of
Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and he abode in
the mountain of Modin:
2:2. And he had five sons: John, who was surnamed Gaddis:
2:3. And Simon, who was surnamed Thasi;
2:4. And Judas, who was called Machabeus;
2:5. And Eleazar, who was surnamed Abaron; and Jonathan, who was
2:6. These saw the evils that were done in the people of Juda, and in
2:7. And Mathathias said: Woe is me, wherefore was I born to see the
ruin of my people, and the ruin of the holy city, and to dwell there,
when it is given into the hands of the enemies?
2:8. The holy places are come into the hands of strangers her temple is
become as a man without honour.
2:9. The vessels of her glory are carried away captive; her old men are
murdered in the streets, and her young men are fallen by the sword of
2:10. What nation hath not inherited her kingdom, and gotten of her
2:11. All her ornaments are taken away. She that was free is made a
2:12. And behold our sanctuary, and our beauty, and our glory is laid
waste, and the Gentiles have defiled them.
2:13. To what end then should we live any longer?
2:14. And Mathathias and his sons rent their garments, and they covered
themselves with haircloth, and made great lamentation.
2:15. And they that were sent from king Antiochus, came thither, to
compel them that were fled into the city of Modin, to sacrifice, and to
burn incense, and to depart from the law of God.
2:16. And many of the people of Israel consented and came to them: but
Mathathias and his sons stood firm.
2:17. And they that were sent from Antiochus, answering, said to
Mathathias: Thou art a ruler, and an honourable, and great man in this
city, and adorned with sons, and brethren.
2:18. Therefore, come thou first, and obey the king's commandment, as
all nations have done, and the men of Juda, and they that remain in
Jerusalem: and thou, and thy sons shall be in the number of the king's
friends, and enriched with gold, and silver, and many presents.
2:19. Then Mathathias answered, and said with a loud voice: Although all
nations obey king Antiochus, so as to depart every man from the service
of the law of his fathers, and consent to his commandments:
2:20. I and my sons, and my brethren will obey the law of our fathers.
2:21. God be merciful unto us: it is not profitable for us to forsake
the law, and the justices of God:
2:22. We will not hearken to the words of king Antiochus, neither will
we sacrifice and transgress the commandments of our law, to go another
2:23. Now as he left off speaking these words, there came a certain Jew
in the sight of all to sacrifice to the idols upon the altar in the
city of Modin, according to the king's commandment.
2:24. And Mathathias saw, and was grieved, and his reins trembled, and
his wrath was kindled according to the judgment of the law, and running
upon him he slew him upon the altar:
2:25. Moreover the man whom king Antiochus had sent, who compelled them
to sacrifice, he slew at the same time, and pulled down the altar,
2:26. And shewed zeal for the law, as Phinees did by Zamri, the son of
2:27. And Mathathias cried out in the city with a loud voice, saying:
Every one that hath zeal for the law, and maintaineth the testament,
let him follow me.
2:28. So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that
they had in the city.
2:29. Then many that sought after judgment, and justice, went down into
2:30. And they abode there, they and their children, and their wives,
and their cattle: because afflictions increased upon them.
2:31. And it was told to the king's men, and to the army that was in
Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who had broken the
king's commandment, were gone away into the secret places in the
wilderness, and that many were gone after them.
2:32. And forthwith they went out towards them, and made war against
them on the sabbath day.
2:33. And they said to them: Do you still resist? come forth, and do
according to the edict of king Antiochus, and you shall live.
2:34. And they said: We will not come forth, neither will we obey the
king's edict, to profane the sabbath day.
2:35. And they made haste to give them battle.
2:36. But they answered them not, neither did they cast a stone at
them, nor stopped up the secret places,
2:37. Saying: Let us all die in our innocency: and heaven and earth
shall be witnesses for us, that you put us to death wrongfully.
2:38. So they gave them battle on the sabbath: and they were slain,
with their wives, and their children, and their cattle, to the number
of a thousand persons.
2:39. And Mathathias and his friends heard of it, and they mourned for
2:40. And every man said to his neighbour: If we shall all do as our
brethren have done, and not fight against the heathens for our lives,
and our justifications, they will now quickly root us out of the earth.
2:41. And they determined in that day, saying: Whosoever shall come up
against us to fight on the sabbath day, we will fight against him: and
we will not all die, as our brethren that were slain in the secret
2:42. Then was assembled to them the congregation of the Assideans, the
stoutest of Israel, every one that had a good will for the law.
The Assideans. . .A set of men that led a religious life; and were
zealous for the law and worship of God.
2:43. And all they that fled from the evils, joined themselves to them,
and were a support to them.
2:44. And they gathered an army, and slew the sinners in their wrath,
and the wicked men in their indignation: and the rest fled to the
nations for safety.
2:45. And Mathathias and his friends went round about, and they threw
down the altars:
2:46. And they circumcised all the children whom they found in the
confines of Israel that were uncircumcised: and they did valiantly.
2:47. And they pursued after the children of pride, and the work
prospered in their hands:
2:48. And they recovered the law out of the hands of the nations, and
out of the hands of the kings: and they yielded not the horn to the
They yielded not the horn, etc. . .That is, they suffered not the power
of Antiochus, that man of sin, to abolish the law and religion of God.
2:49. Now the days drew near that Mathathias should die, and he said to
his sons: Now hath pride and chastisement gotten strength, and the time
of destruction, and the wrath of indignation:
2:50. Now, therefore, O my sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give
your lives for the covenant of your fathers.
2:51. And call to remembrance the works of the fathers, which they have
done in their generations: and you shall receive great glory, and an
2:52. Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was reputed
to him unto justice?
2:53. Joseph, in the time of his distress, kept the commandment, and he
was made lord of Egypt.
2:54. Phinees, our father, by being fervent in the zeal of God,
received the covenant of an everlasting priesthood.
2:55. Jesus, whilst he fulfilled the word, was made ruler in Israel.
Jesus. . .That is, Josue.
2:56. Caleb, for bearing witness before the congregation, received an
2:57. David, by his mercy, obtained the throne of an everlasting
2:58. Elias, while he is full of zeal for the law, was taken up into
2:59. Ananias and Azarias and Misael, by believing, were delivered out
of the flame.
2:60. Daniel, in his innocency, was delivered out of the mouth of the
2:61. And thus consider, through all generations: that none that trust
in him, fail in strength.
2:62. And fear not the words of a sinful man, for his glory is dung and
2:63. Today he is lifted up, and tomorrow he shall not be found,
because he is returned into his earth and his thought is come to
2:64. You, therefore, my sons, take courage, and behave manfully in the
law: for by it you shall be glorious.
2:65. And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsel:
give ear to him always, and he shall be a father to you.
2:66. And Judas Machabeus, who is valiant and strong from his youth up,
let him be the leader of your army, and he shall manage the war of the
2:67. And you shall take to you all that observe the law: and revenge
ye the wrong of your people.
2:68. Render to the Gentiles their reward, and take heed to the
precepts of the law.
2:69. And he blessed them, and was joined to his fathers.
2:70. And he died in the hundred and forty-sixth year: and he was
buried by his sons in the sepulchres of his fathers, in Modin, and all
Israel mourned for him with great mourning.
1 Machabees Chapter 3
Judas Machabeus succeeds his father, and overthrows Apollonius and
Seron. A great army is sent against him out of Syria. He prepares his
people for battle by fasting and prayer.
3:1. Then his son Judas, called Machabeus, rose up in his stead.
3:2. And all his brethren helped him, and all they that had joined
themselves to his father, and they fought with cheerfulness the battle
3:3. And he got his people great honour, and put on a breastplate as a
giant, and girt his warlike armour about him in battles, and protected
the camp with his sword.
3:4. In his acts he was like a lion, and like a lion's whelp roaring
for his prey.
3:5. And he pursued the wicked and sought them out, and them that
troubled his people he burnt with fire:
3:6. And his enemies were driven away for fear of him, and all the
workers of iniquity were troubled: and salvation prospered in his hand.
3:7. And he grieved many kings, and made Jacob glad with his works, and
his memory is blessed for ever.
3:8. And he went through the cities of Juda, and destroyed the wicked
out of them, and turned away wrath from Israel.
3:9. And he was renowned even to the utmost part of the earth, and he
gathered them that were perishing.
3:10. And Apollonius gathered together the Gentiles, and a numerous and
great army from Samaria, to make war against Israel.
3:11. And Judas understood it, and went forth to meet him: and he
overthrew him, and killed him: and many fell down slain, and the rest
3:12. And he took their spoils, and Judas took the sword of Apollonius,
and fought with it all his lifetime.
3:13. And Seron, captain of the army of Syria, heard that Judas had
assembled a company of the faithful, and a congregation with him,
3:14. And he said I will get me a name, and will be glorified in the
kingdom, and will overthrow Judas, and those that are with him, that
have despised the edict of the king.
3:15. And he made himself ready; and the host of the wicked went up
with him, strong succours, to be revenged of the children of Israel.
3:16. And they approached even as far as Bethoron: and Judas went forth
to meet him, with a small company.
3:17. But when they saw the army coming to meet them, they said to
Judas: How shall we, being few, be able to fight against so great a
multitude, and so strong, and we are ready to faint with fasting today?
3:18. And Judas said: It is an easy matter for many to be shut up in
the hands of a few: and there is no difference in the sight of the God
of heaven to deliver with a great multitude, or with a small company:
3:19. For the success of war is not in the multitude of the army, but
strength cometh from heaven.
3:20. They come against us with an insolent multitude, and with pride,
to destroy us, and our wives, and our children, and to take our spoils.
3:21. But we will fight for our lives, and our laws:
3:22. And the Lord himself will overthrow them before our face, but as
for you, fear them not
3:23. And as soon as he had made an end of speaking, he rushed suddenly
upon them: and Seron, and his host were overthrown before him:
3:24. And he pursued him by the descent of Bethoron, even to the plain,
and there fell of them eight hundred men, and the rest fled into the
land of the Philistines.
3:25. And the fear of Judas, and of his brethren, and the dread of
them, fell upon all the nations round about them.
3:26. And his fame came to the king, and all nations told of the
battles of Judas.
3:27. Now when king Antiochus heard these words, he was angry in his
mind: and he sent, and gathered the forces of all his kingdom, an
exceeding strong army.
3:28. And he opened his treasury, and gave out pay to the army for a
year: and he commanded them, that they should be ready for all things.
3:29. And he perceived that the money of his treasures failed, and that
the tributes of the country were small, because of the dissension, and
the evil that he had brought upon the land, that he might take away the
laws of old times:
3:30. And he feared that he should not have as formerly enough for
charges and gifts, which he had given before with a liberal hand: for
he had abounded more than the kings that had been before him.
3:31. And he was greatly perplexed in mind, and purposed to go into
Persia, and to take tributes of the countries, and to gather much
3:32. And he left Lysias, a nobleman of the blood royal to oversee the
affairs of the kingdom from the river Euphrates even to the river of
3:33. And to bring up his son, Antiochus, till he came again.
3:34. And he delivered to him half the army, and the elephants: and he
gave him charge concerning all that he would have done, and concerning
the inhabitants of Judea, and Jerusalem.
3:35. And that he should send an army against them to destroy and root
out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and to take
away the memory of them from that place.
3:36. And that he should settle strangers, to dwell in all their
coasts, and divide their land by lot.
3:37. So the king took the half of the army that remained, and went
forth from Antioch, the chief city of his kingdom, in the hundred and
forty-seventh year: and he passed over the river Euphrates, and went
through the higher countries.
3:38. Then Lysias chose Ptolemee, the son of Dorymenus, and Nicanor,
and Gorgias, mighty men of the king's friends.
3:39. And he sent with them forty thousand men, and seven thousand
horsemen: to go into the land of Juda, and to destroy it, according to
the king's orders.
3:40. So they went forth with all their power, and came, and pitched
near Emmaus, in the plain country.
3:41. And the merchants of the countries heard the fame of them: and
they took silver and gold in abundance, and servants: and they came
into the camp, to buy the children of Israel for slaves: and there were
joined to them the forces of Syria, and of the land of the strangers.
3:42. And Judas, and his brethren, saw that evils were multiplied, and
that the armies approached to their borders: and they knew the orders
the king had given to destroy the people, and utterly abolish them.
3:43. And they said, every man to his neighbour: Let us raise up the
low condition of our people, and let us fight for our people, and our
3:44. And the assembly was gathered, that they might be ready for
battle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy and compassion.
3:45. Now Jerusalem was not inhabited, but was like a desert: there was
none of her children that went in or out: and the sanctuary was trodden
down: and the children of strangers were in the castle, there was the
habitation of the Gentiles: and joy was taken away from Jacob, and the
pipe and harp ceased there.
3:46. And they assembled together, and came to Maspha, over against
Jerusalem: for in Maspha was a place of prayer heretofore in Israel.
3:47. And they fasted that day, and put on haircloth, and put ashes
upon their heads: and they rent their garments:
3:48. And they laid open the books of the law, in which the Gentiles
searched for the likeness of their idols:
3:49. And they brought the priestly ornaments, and the first fruits and
tithes, and stirred up the Nazarites that had fulfilled their days:
3:50. And they cried with a loud voice toward heaven, saying: What
shall we do with these, and whither shall we carry them?
3:51. For thy holies are trodden down, and are profaned, and thy
priests are in mourning, and are brought low.
3:52. And behold the nations are come together against us, to destroy
us: thou knowest what they intend against us.
3:53. How shall we be able to stand before their face, unless thou, O
God, help us?
3:64. Then they sounded with trumpets, and cried out with a loud voice.
3:66. And after this, Judas appointed captains over the people, over
thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
3:66. And he said to them that were building houses, or had betrothed
wives, or were planting vineyards, or were fearful, that they should
return every man to his house, according to the law.
3:67. So they removed the camp, and pitched on the south side of
3:68. And Judas said: Gird yourselves, and be valiant men, and be ready
against the morning, that you may fight with these nations that are
assembled against us to destroy us and our sanctuary.
3:59. For it is better for us to die in battle, than to see the evils
of our nation, and of the holies:
3:60. Nevertheless, as it shall be the will of God in heaven, so be it
1 Machabees Chapter 4
Judas routs the king's army. Gorgias flies before him. Lysias comes
against him with a great army, but is defeated. Judas cleanses the
temple, sets up a new altar, and fortifies the sanctuary.
4:1. Then Gorgias took five thousand men, and a thousand of the best
horsemen; and they removed out of the camp by night.
4:2. That they might come upon the camp of the Jews and strike them
suddenly: and the men that were of the castle were their guides.
4:3. And Judas heard of it, and rose up, he and the valiant men, to
attack the king's forces that were in Emmaus.
4:4. For as yet the army was dispersed from the camp
The army was dispersed. . .That is, in different divisions, not
4:5. And Gorgias came by night into the camp of Judas, and found no
man; and he sought them in the mountains: for he said: These men flee
4:6. And when it was day, Judas shewed himself in the plain with three
thousand men only, who neither had armour nor swords:
Who neither had armour nor swords. . .Such as they wished for.
4:7. And they saw the camp of the Gentiles that it was strong, and the
men in breastplates, and the horsemen round about them, and these were
trained up to war.
4:8. And Judas said to the men that were with him: Fear ye not their
multitude, neither be ye afraid of their assault.
4:9. Remember in what manner our fathers were saved in the Red Sea,
when Pharaoh pursued them with a great army.
4:10. And now let us cry to heaven, and the Lord will have mercy on us,
and will remember the covenant of our fathers, and will destroy this
army before our face this day:
4:11. And all nations shall know that there is one that redeemeth and
4:12. And the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them coming
4:13. And they went out of the camp to battle, and they that were with
Judas sounded the trumpet.
4:14. And they joined battle: and the Gentiles were routed, and fled
into the plain.
4:15. But all the hindmost of them fell by the sword and they pursued
them as far as Gezeron, and even to the plains of Idumea, and of
Azotus, and of Jamnia: and there fell of them to the number of three
4:16. And Judas returned again with his army that followed him.
4:17. And he said to the people: Be not greedy of the spoils; for there
is war before us:
4:18. And Gorgias and his army are near us in the mountain: but stand
ye now against our enemies, and overthrow them, and you shall take the
spoils afterwards with safety.
4:19. And as Judas was speaking these words, behold part of them
appeared, looking forth from the mountain.
4:20. And Gorgias saw that his men were put to flight, and that they
had set fire to the camp: for the smoke that was seen declared what was
4:21. And when they had seen this, they were seized with great fear,
seeing at the same time Judas and his army in the plain ready to fight.
4:22. So they all fled away into the land of the strangers.
4:23. And Judas returned to take the spoils of the camp, and they got
much gold, and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great
4:24. And returning home, they sung a hymn, and blessed God in heaven,
because he is good, because his mercy endureth for ever.
4:25. So Israel had a great deliverance that day.
4:26. And such of the strangers as escaped, went and told Lysias all
that had happened.
4:27. And when he heard these things, he was amazed and discouraged:
because things had not succeeded in Israel according to his mind, and
as the king had commanded.
4:28. So the year following, Lysias gathered together threescore
thousand chosen men, and five thousand horsemen, that he might subdue
4:29. And they came into Judea, and pitched their tents in Bethoron,
and Judas met them with ten thousand men.
4:30. And they saw that the army was strong, and he prayed and said:
Blessed art thou, O Saviour of Israel, who didst break the violence of
the mighty by the hand of thy servant David, and didst deliver up the
camp of the strangers into the hands of Jonathan the son of Saul, and
of his armour bearer.
4:31. Shut up this army in the hands of thy people Israel, and let them
be confounded in their host and their horsemen.
4:32. Strike them with fear, and cause the boldness of their strength to
languish, and let them quake at their own destruction.
4:33. Cast them down with the sword of them that love thee: and let all
that know thy name praise thee with hymns.
4:34. And they joined battle: and there fell of the army of Lysias five
4:35. And when Lysias saw that his men were put to flight, and how bold
the Jews were, and that they were ready either to live, or to die
manfully, he went to Antioch, and chose soldiers, that they might come
again into Judea with greater numbers.
4:36. Then Judas, and his brethren said: Behold our enemies are
discomfited: let us go up now to cleanse the holy places, and to repair
4:37. And all the army assembled together, and they went up into Mount
4:38. And they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar profaned, and
the gates burnt, and shrubs growing up in the courts as in a forest, or
on the mountains, and the chambers joining to the temple thrown down.
4:39. And they rent their garments, and made great lamentation, and put
ashes on their heads:
4:40. And they fell down to the ground on their faces, and they sounded
with the trumpets of alarm, and they cried towards heaven.
4:41. Then Judas appointed men to fight against them that were in the
castle, till they had cleansed the holy places,
4:42. And he chose priests without blemish, whose will was set upon the
law of God.
4:43. And they cleansed the holy places, and took away the stones that
had been defiled into an unclean place.
4:44. And he considered about the altar of holocausts that had been
profaned, what he should do with it.
4:45. And a good counsel came into their minds, to pull it down: lest
it should be a reproach to them, because the Gentiles had defiled it;
so they threw it down.
4:46. And they laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple, in a
convenient place, till there should come a prophet, and give answer
4:47. Then they took whole stones, according to the law and built a new
altar, according to the former:
4:48. And they built up the holy places, and the things that were
within the temple: and they sanctified the temple and the courts.
4:49. And they made new holy vessels, and brought in the candlestick,
and the altar of incense, and the table, into the temple.
4:50. And they put incense upon the altar, and lighted up the lamps
that were upon the candlestick, and they gave light in the temple.
4:51. And they set the loaves upon the table, and hung up the veils,
and finished all the works that they had begun to make.
4:52. And they arose before the morning on the five and twentieth day
of the ninth month, (which is the month of Casleu) in the hundred and
4:53. And they offered sacrifice, according to the law, upon the new
altar of holocausts which they had made.
4:54. According to the time, and according to the day wherein the
heathens had defiled it, in the same was it dedicated anew with
canticles, and harps, and lutes, and cymbals.
4:55. And all the people fell upon their faces, and adored, and blessed
up to heaven, him that had prospered them.
4:56. And they kept the dedication of the altar eight days, and they
offered holocausts with joy, and sacrifices of salvation, and of
4:57. And they adorned the front of the temple with crowns of gold, and
escutcheons, and they renewed the gates, and the chambers, and hanged
doors upon them.
4:58. And there was exceeding great joy among the people, and the
reproach of the Gentiles was turned away.
4:59. And Judas, and his brethren, and all the church of Israel
decreed, that the day of the dedication of the altar should be kept in
its season from year to year for eight days, from the five and
twentieth day of the month of Casleu, with joy and gladness.
4:60. They built up also at that time Mount Sion, with high walls, and
strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should at any time come,
and tread it down, as they did before.
4:61. And he placed a garrison there, to keep it, and he fortified it,
to secure Bethsura, that the people might have a defence against
1 Machabees Chapter 5
Judas and his brethren attack the enemies of their country, and deliver
them that were distressed. Josephus and Azarius, attempting contrary to
order to fight against their enemies, are defeated.
5:1. Now it came to pass, when the nations round about heard that the
altar and the sanctuary were built up, as before, that they were
5:2. And they thought to destroy the generation of Jacob that were
among them, and they began to kill some of the people, and to persecute
5:3. Then Judas fought against the children of Esau in Idumea, and them
that were in Acrabathane: because they beset the Israelites round
about, and he made a great slaughter of them.
5:4. And he remembered the malice of the children of Bean: who were a
snare and a stumblingblock to the people, by lying in wait for them in
5:5. And they were shut up by him in towers, and he set upon them, and
devoted them to utter destruction, and burnt their towers with fire,
and all that were in them.
5:6. Then he passed over to the children of Ammon, where he found a
mighty power, and much people, and Timotheus was their captain:
5:7. And he fought many battles with them, and they were discomfited in
their sight, and he smote them:
5:8. And he took the city of Gazer and her towns, and returned into
5:9. And the Gentiles that were in Galaad, assembled themselves
together against the Israelites that were in their quarters, to destroy
them: and they fled into the fortress of Datheman.
5:10. And they sent letters to Judas, and his brethren, saying: The
heathens that are round about are gathered together against us to
5:11. And they are preparing to come, and to take the fortress into
which we are fled: and Timotheus is the captain of their host.
5:12. Now therefore come, and deliver us out of their hands, for many
of us are slain.
5:13. And all our brethren that were in the places of Tubin, are
killed: and they have carried away their wives, and their children,
captives, and taken their spoils, and they have slain there almost a
5:14. And while they were yet reading these letters, behold there came
other messengers out of Galilee with their garments rent, who related
according to these words:
5:15. Saying, that they of Ptolemais, and of Tyre, and of Sidon, were
assembled against them, and all Galilee is filled with strangers, in
order to consume us.
5:16. Now when Judas and the people heard these words, a great assembly
met together to consider what they should do for their brethren that
were in trouble, and were assaulted by them.
5:17. And Judas said to Simon, his brother: Choose thee men, and go,
and deliver thy brethren in Galilee: and I, and my brother Jonathan,
will go into the country of Galaad:
5:18. And he left Joseph, the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains
of the people, with the remnant of the army in Judea, to keep it:
5:19. And he commanded them, saying: Take ye the charge of this people;
but make no war against the heathens, till we return.
5:20. Now three thousand men were allotted to Simon, to go into
Galilee: and eight thousand to Judas, to go into the land of Galaad.
5:21. And Simon went into Galilee, and fought many battles with the
heathens: and the heathens were discomfited before his face, and he
pursued them even to the gate of Ptolemais.
5:22. And there fell of the heathens almost three thousand men, and he
took the spoils of them.
5:23. And he took with him those that were in Galilee and in Arbatis,
with their wives, and children, and all that they had, and he brought
them into Judea with great joy.
5:24. And Judas Machabeus, and Jonathan, his brother, passed over the
Jordan, and went three days' journey through the desert.
5:25. And the Nabutheans met them, and received them in a peaceable
manner, and told them all that happened to their brethren in the land
5:26. And that many of them were shut up in Barasa, and in Bosor, and
in Alima, and in Casphor, and in Mageth, and in Carnaim; all these
strong and great cities.
5:27. Yea, and that they were kept shut up in the rest of the cities of
Galaad, and that they had appointed to bring their army on the morrow
near to these cities, and to take them, and to destroy them all in one
5:28. Then Judas and his army suddenly turned their march into the
desert, to Bosor, and took the city: and he slew every male by the edge
of the sword, and took all their spoils, and burnt it with fire.
5:29. And they removed from thence by night, and went till they came to
5:30. And it came to pass that early in the morning, when they lifted
up their eyes, behold there were people without number, carrying
ladders and engines to take the fortress, and assault them.
5:31. And Judas saw that the fight was begun, and the cry of the battle
went up to heaven like a trumpet, and a great cry out of the city:
5:32. And he said to his host: Fight ye today for your brethren.
5:33. And he came with three companies behind them, and they sounded
their trumpets, and cried out in prayer.
5:34. And the host of Timotheus understood that it was Machabeus, and
they fled away before his face and they made a great slaughter of them,
and there fell of them in that day almost eight thousand men.
5:35. And Judas turned aside to Maspha, and assaulted, and took it, and
he slew every male thereof, and took the spoils thereof, and burnt it
5:36. From thence he marched, and took Casbon, and Mageth, and Bosor,
and the rest of the cities of Galaad.
5:37. But after this Timotheus gathered another army, and camped over
against Raphon, beyond the torrent.
5:38. And Judas sent men to view the army: and they brought him word,
saying: All the nations, that are round about us, are assembled unto
him an army exceeding great:
5:39. And they have hired the Arabians to help them, and they have
pitched their tents beyond the torrent, ready to come to fight against
thee. And Judas went to meet them.
5:40. And Timotheus said to the captains of his army: When Judas and
his army come near the torrent of water, if he pass over unto us first,
we shall not be able to withstand him: for he will certainly prevail
5:41. But if he be afraid to pass over, and camp on the other side of
the river, we will pass over to them, and shall prevail against him.
5:42. Now when Judas came near the torrent of water, he set the scribes
of the people by the torrent, and commanded them, saying: Suffer no man
to stay behind: but let all come to the battle.
5:43. And he passed over to them first, and all the people after him,
and all the heathens were discomfited before them, and they threw away
their weapons, and fled to the temple that was in Carnaim.
5:44. And he took that city, and the temple he burnt with fire, with
all things that were therein: and Carnaim was subdued, and could not
stand against the face of Judas.
5:45. And Judas gathered together all the Israelites that were in the
land of Galaad, from the least even to the greatest, and their wives
and children, and an army exceeding great, to come into the land of
5:46. And they came as far as Ephron: now this was a great city,
situate in the way, strongly fortified, and there was no means to turn
from it on the right hand or on the left, but the way was through the
midst of it.
5:47. And they that were in the city shut themselves in, and stopped up
the gates with stones: and Judas sent to them with peaceable words,
5:48. Saying: Let us pass through your land, to go into our own
country, and no man shall hurt you; we will only pass through on foot.
But they would not open to them.
5:49. Then Judas commanded proclamation to be made in the camp, that
they should make an assault, every man in the place where he was.
5:50. And the men of the army drew near, and he assaulted that city all
the day, and all the night; and the city was delivered into his hands:
5:51. And they slew every male with the edge of the sword, and he razed
the city, and took the spoils thereof, and passed through all the city
over them that were slain.
5:52. Then they passed over the Jordan to the great plain that is over
5:53. And Judas gathered together the hindmost, and he exhorted the
people, all the way through, till they came into the land of Juda.
5:54. And they went up to mount Sion with joy and gladness, and offered
holocausts, because not one of them was slain, till they had returned
5:55. Now in the days that Judas and Jonathan were in the land of
Galaad, and Simon his brother in Galilee, before Ptolemais,
5:56. Joseph, the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captain of the
soldiers, heard of the good success, and the battles that were fought,
5:57. And he said: Let us also get us a name, and let us go fight
against the Gentiles that are round about us.
5:58. And he gave charge to them that were in his army, and they went
5:59. And Gorgias and his men went out of the city, to give them
5:60. And Joseph and Azarias were put to flight, and were pursued unto
the borders of Judea: and there fell on that day, of the people of
Israel, about two thousand men, and there was a great overthrow of the
5:61. Because they did not hearken to Judas and his brethren, thinking
that they should do manfully.
5:62. But they were not of the seed of those men by whom salvation was
brought to Israel.
5:63. And the men of Juda were magnified exceedingly in the sight of
all Israel, and of all the nations where their name was heard.
5:64. And the people assembled to them with joyful acclamations.
5:65. Then Judas and his brethren went forth and attacked the children
of Esau, in the land towards the south, and he took Chebron and her
towns: and he burnt the walls thereof, and the towers all round it.
5:66. And he removed his camp to go into the land of the aliens, and he
went through Samaria.
5:67. In that day some priests fell in battle, while desiring to do
manfully they went out unadvisedly to fight.
5:68. And Judas turned to Azotus, into the land of the strangers, and
he threw down their altars, and he burnt the statues of their gods with
fire: and he took the spoils of the cities, and returned into the land
1 Machabees Chapter 6
The fruitless repentance and death of Antiochus. His son comes against
Judas with a formidable army. He besieges Sion: but at last makes peace
with the Jews.
6:1. Now king Antiochus was going through the higher countries, and he
heard that the city of Elymais in Persia, was greatly renowned, and
abounding in silver and gold,
6:2. And that there was in it a temple exceeding rich; and coverings of
gold, and breastplates, and shields, which king Alexander, son of
Philip, the Macedonian, that reigned first in Greece, had left there.
6:3. So he came, and sought to take the city and to pillage it; but he
was not able, because the design was known to them that were in the
6:4. And they rose up against him in battle, and he fled away from
thence, and departed with great sadness, and returned towards
6:5. And whilst he was in Persia there came one that told him how the
armies that were in the land of Juda were put to flight:
6:6. And that Lysias went with a very great power, and was put to
flight before the face of the Jews, and that they were grown strong by
the armour, and power, and store of spoils which they had gotten out of
the camps which they had destroyed:
6:7. And that they had thrown down the abomination which he had set up
upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed about the
sanctuary with high walls as before, and Bethsura also, his city.
6:8. And it came to pass, when the king heard these words, that he was
struck with fear, and exceedingly moved: and he laid himself down upon
his bed, and fell sick for grief, because it had not fallen out to him
as he imagined.
6:9. And he remained there many days: for great grief came more and
more upon him, and he made account that he should die.
6:10. And he called for all his friends, and said to them: Sleep is
gone from my eyes, and I am fallen away, and my heart is cast down for
6:11. And I said in my heart: Into how much tribulation am I come, and
into what floods of sorrow wherein now I am: I that was pleasant and
beloved in my power!
6:12. But now I remember the evils that I did in Jerusalem, from whence
also I took away all the spoils of gold, and of silver, that were in
it, and I sent to destroy the inhabitants of Juda without cause.
6:13. I know, therefore, that for this cause these evils have found me:
and behold I perish with great grief in a strange land.
6:14. Then he called Philip, one of his friends, and he made him regent
over all his kingdom.
6:15. And he gave him the crown, and his robe, and his ring, that he
should go to Antiochus, his son, and should bring him up for the
6:16. So king Antiochus died there in the year one hundred and
6:17. And Lysias understood that the king was dead, and he set up
Antiochus, his son, to reign, whom he had brought up young: and he
called his name Eupator.
6:18. Now they that were in the castle, had shut up the Israelites
round about the holy places: and they were continually seeking their
hurt, and to strengthen the Gentiles.
6:19. And Judas purposed to destroy them: and he called together all
the people, to besiege them.
6:20. And they came together, and besieged them in the year one hundred
and fifty, and they made battering slings and engines.
6:21. And some of the besieged got out: and some wicked men of Israel
joined themselves unto them.
6:22. And they went to the king, and said: How long dost thou delay to
execute judgment, and to revenge our brethren?
6:23. We determined to serve thy father, and to do according to his
orders, and obey his edicts:
6:24. And for this they of our nation are alienated from us, and have
slain as many of us as they could find, and have spoiled our
6:25. Neither have they put forth their hand against us only, but also
against all our borders.
6:26. And behold they have approached this day to the castle of
Jerusalem to take it, and they have fortified the strong hold of
6:27. And unless thou speedily prevent them, they will do greater
things than these, and thou shalt not be able to subdue them.
6:28. Now when the king heard this, he was angry: and he called
together all his friends, and the captains of his army, and them that
were over the horsemen.
6:29. There came also to him from other realms, and from the islands of
the sea, hired troops.
6:30. And the number of his army was an hundred thousand footmen, and
twenty thousand horsemen, and thirty-two elephants trained to battle.
6:31. And they went through Idumea, and approached to Bethsura, and
fought many days, and they made engines: but they sallied forth, and
burnt them with fire, and fought manfully.
But they sallied forth. . .That is, the citizens of Bethsura sallied
forth and burnt them, that is, burnt the engines of the besiegers.
6:32. And Judas departed from the castle, and removed the camp to
Bethzacharam, over against the king's camp.
6:33. And the king rose before it was light, and made his troops march
on fiercely towards the way of Bethzacharam: and the armies made
themselves ready for the battle, and they sounded the trumpets:
6:34. And they shewed the elephants the blood of grapes, and
mulberries, to provoke them to fight.
6:35. And they distributed the beasts by the legions: and there stood
by every elephant a thousand men in coats of mail, and with helmets of
brass on their heads: and five hundred horsemen set in order were
chosen for every beast.
6:36. These before the time wheresoever the beast was they were there:
and whithersoever it went, they went, and they departed not from it.
These before the time. . .That is, these were ready for every occasion.
6:37. And upon the beast, there were strong wooden towers which covered
every one of them: and engines upon them, and upon every one thirty-two
valiant men, who fought from above: and an Indian to rule the beast.
6:38. And the rest of the horsemen he placed on this side and on that
side, at the two wings, with trumpets to stir up the army, and to
hasten them forward that stood thick together in the legions thereof.
6:39. Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold, and of brass,
the mountains glittered therewith, and they shone like lamps of fire.
6:40. And part of the king's army was distinguished by the high
mountains, and the other part by the low places: and they marched on
warily and orderly.
6:41. And all the inhabitants of the land were moved at the noise of
their multitude, and the marching of the company, and the rattling of
the armour, for the army was exceeding great and strong.
6:42. And Judas and his army drew near for battle: and there fell of
the king's army six hundred men.
6:43. And Eleazar, the son of Saura, saw one of the beasts harnessed
with the king's harness: and it was higher than the other beasts; and
it seemed to him that the king was on it:
6:44. And he exposed himself to deliver his people, and to get himself
an everlasting name.
6:45. And he ran up to it boldly in the midst of the legion, killing on
the right hand, and on the left, and they fell by him on this side and
6:46. And he went between the feet of the elephant, and put himself
under it: and slew it, and it fell to the ground upon him, and he died
6:47. Then they seeing the strength of the king and the fierceness of
his army, turned away from them.
6:48. But the king's army went up against them to Jerusalem: and the
king's army pitched their tents against Judea and Mount Sion.
6:49. And he made peace with them that were in Bethsura: and they came
forth out of the city, because they had no victuals, being shut up
there, for it was the year of rest to the land.
6:50. And the king took Bethsura: and he placed there a garrison to
6:51. And he turned his army against the sanctuary for many days: and
he set up there battering slings, and engines, and instruments to cast
fire, and engines to cast stones and javelins, and pieces to shoot
arrows, and slings.
6:52. And they also made engines against their engines, and they fought
for many days.
6:53. But there were no victuals in the city, because it was the
seventh year: and such as had stayed in Judea of them that came from
among the nations, had eaten the residue of all that which had been
6:54. And there remained in the holy places but a few, for the famine
had prevailed over them: and they were dispersed every man to his own
6:55. Now Lysias heard that Philip; whom king Antiochus while he lived
had appointed to bring up his son, Antiochus, and to reign,
6:56. Was returned from Persia, and Media, with the army that went with
him and that he sought to take upon him the affairs of the kingdom:
6:57. Wherefore he made haste to go, and say to the king and to the
captains of the army: We decay daily, and our provision of victuals is
small, and the place that we lay siege to is strong, and it lieth upon
us to take order for the affairs of the kingdom.
6:58. Now, therefore, let us come to an agreement with these men, and
make peace with them and with all their nation.
6:59. And let us covenant with them, that they may live according to
their own laws, as before. For because of our despising their laws,
they have been provoked, and have done all these things.
6:60. And the proposal was acceptable in the sight of the king, and of
the princes: and he sent to them to make peace: and they accepted of
6:61. And the king and the princes swore to them: and they came out of
the strong hold.
6:62. Then the king entered into Mount Sion, and saw the strength of
the place: and he quickly broke the oath that he had taken, and gave
commandment to throw down the wall round about.
6:63. And he departed in haste and returned to Antioch, where he found
Philip master of the city: and he fought against him, and took the
1 Machabees Chapter 7
Demetrius is made king, and sends Bacchides and Alcimus the priest into
Judea, and after them Nicanor, who is slain by Judas with all his army.
7:1. In the hundred and fifty-first year, Demetrius, the son of
Seleucus, departed from the city of Rome, and came up with few men into
a city of the sea coast, and reigned there.
7:2. And it came to pass as he entered into the house of the kingdom of
his fathers, that the army seized upon Antiochus, and Lysias, to bring
them unto him.
7:3. And when he knew it, he said: Let me not see their face.
7:4. So the army slew them. And Demetrius sat upon the throne of his
7:5. And there came to him the wicked and ungodly men of Israel: and
Alcimus was at the head of them, who desired to be made high priest.
7:6. And they accused the people to the king, saying: Judas and his
brethren have destroyed all thy friends, and he hath driven us out of
7:7. Now, therefore, send some men whom thou trustest, and let him go,
and see all the havoc he hath made amongst us, and in the king's lands:
and let him punish all his friends and their helpers.
7:8. Then the king chose Bacchides, one of his friends, that ruled
beyond the great river in the kingdom, and was faithful to the king:
and he sent him,
7:9. To see the havoc that Judas had made: and the wicked Alcimus he
made high priest, and commanded him to take revenge upon the children
7:10. And they arose, and came with a great army into the land of Juda:
and they sent messengers, and spoke to Judas and his brethren with
peaceable words, deceitfully.
7:11. But they gave no heed to their words: for they saw that they were
come with a great army.
7:12. Then there assembled to Alcimus and Bacchides a company of the
scribes, to require things that are just:
7:13. And first the Assideans, that were among the children of Israel,
and they sought peace of them.
7:14. For they said: One that is a priest of the seed of Aaron is come,
he will not deceive us.
7:15. And he spoke to them peaceably: and he swore to them, saying: We
will do you no harm, nor your friends.
7:16. And they believed him. And he took threescore of them, and slew
them in one day, according to the word that is written:
7:17. The flesh of thy saints, and the blood of them they have shed round
about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury them.
7:18. Then fear and trembling fell upon all the people: for they said:
There is no truth, nor justice among them: for they have broken the
covenant, and the oath which they made.
7:19. And Bacchides removed the camp from Jerusalem, and pitched in
Bethzecha: and he sent, and took many of them that were fled away from
him, and some of the people he killed, and threw them into a great pit.
7:20. Then he committed the country to Alcimus, and left with him
troops to help him. So Bacchides went away to the king.
7:21. But Alcimus did what he could to maintain his chief priesthood.
7:22. And they that disturbed the people resorted to him, and they got
the land of Juda into their power, and did much hurt in Israel.
7:23. And Judas saw all the evils that Alcimus, and they that were with
him, did to the children of Israel, much more than the Gentiles.
7:24. And he went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and
took vengeance upon the men that had revolted, and they ceased to go
forth any more into the country.
7:25. And Alcimus saw that Judas and they that were with him,
prevailed: and he knew that he could not stand against them, and he
went back to the king, and accused them of many crimes.
7:26. And the king sent Nicanor, one of his principal lords, who was a
great enemy to Israel: and he commanded him to destroy the people.
7:27. And Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great army, and he sent to
Judas and to his brethren deceitfully, with friendly words,
7:28. Saying: Let there be no fighting between me and you: I will come
with a few men, to see your faces with peace.
7:29. And he came to Judas, and they saluted one another peaceably: and
the enemies were prepared to take away Judas by force.
7:30. And the thing was known to Judas that he was come to him with
deceit: and he was much afraid of him, and would not see his face any
7:31. And Nicanor knew that his counsel was discovered: and he went out
to fight against Judas, near Capharsalama.
7:32. And there fell of Nicanor's army almost five thousand men, and
they fled into the city of David.
7:33. And after this Nicanor went up into mount Sion: and some of the
priests and the people came out to salute him peaceably, and to shew
him the holocausts that were offered for the king.
7:34. But he mocked and despised them, and abused them: and he spoke
7:35. And swore in anger, saying: Unless Judas and his army be
delivered into my hands, as soon as ever I return in peace, I will burn
this house. And he went out in a great rage.
7:36. And the priests went in, and stood before the face of the altar
and the temple: and weeping, they said:
7:37. Thou, O Lord, hast chosen this house for thy name to be called
upon therein, that it might be a house of prayer and supplication for
7:38. Be avenged of this man, and his army, and let them fall by the
sword: remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to continue any
7:39. Then Nicanor went out from Jerusalem, and encamped near to
Bethoron: and an army of Syria joined him.
7:40. But Judas pitched in Adarsa with three thousand men: and Judas
prayed, and said:
7:41. O Lord, when they that were sent by king Sennacherib blasphemed
thee, an angel went out, and slew of them a hundred and eighty-five
7:42. Even so destroy this army in our sight today and let the rest
know that he hath spoken ill against thy sanctuary: and judge thou him
according to his wickedness.
7:43. And the armies joined battle on the thirteenth day of the month,
Adar: and the army of Nicanor was defeated, and he himself was first
slain in the battle.
7:44. And when his army saw that Nicanor was slain they threw away
their weapons, and fled:
7:45. And they pursued after them one day's journey from Adazer, even
till ye come to Gazara, and they sounded the trumpets after them with
7:46. And they went forth out of all the towns of Judea round about,
and they pushed them with the horns, and they turned again to them, and
they were all slain with the sword, and there was not left of them so
much as one.
7:47. And they took the spoils of them for a booty, and they cut off
Nicanor's head, and his right hand, which he had proudly stretched out,
and they brought it, and hung it up over against Jerusalem.
7:48. And the people rejoiced exceedingly, and they spent that day with
7:49. And he ordained that this day should be kept every year, being
the thirteenth of the month of Adar
7:50. And the land of Juda was quiet for a short time.
1 Machabees Chapter 8
Judas hears of the great character of the Romans: he makes a league
8:1. Now Judas heard of the fame of the Romans, that they are powerful
and strong, and willingly agree to all things that are requested of
them: and that whosoever have come to them, they have made amity with
them, and that they are mighty in power.
8:2. And they heard of their battles, and their noble acts which they
had done in Galatia, how they had conquered them, and brought them
They heard, etc. . .What is here set down of the history and character
of the ancient Romans, is not an assertion, or affirmation of the
sacred writer: but only a relation of what Judas had heard of them.
8:3. And how great things they had done in the land of Spain, and that
they had brought under their power the mines of silver and of gold that
are there, and had gotten possession of all the place by their counsel
8:4. And had conquered places that were very far off from them, and
kings that came against them from the ends of the earth, and had
overthrown them with great slaughter: and the rest pay them tribute
8:5. And that they had defeated in battle Philip and Perses the king of
the Ceteans, and the rest that had borne arms against them, and had
Ceteans. . .That is, the Macedonians.
8:6. And how Antiochus, the great king of Asia, who went to fight
against them, having a hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and
chariots, and a very great army, was routed by them.
8:7. And how they took him alive, and appointed to him, that both he
and they that should reign after him, should pay a great tribute, and
that he should give hostages, and that which was agreed upon,
8:8. And the country of the Indians, and of the Medes, and of the
Lydians, some of their best provinces: and those which they had taken
from them, they gave to king Eumenes.
Eumenes. . .King of Pergamus.
8:9. And that they who were in Greece, had a mind to go and to destroy
them: and they had knowledge thereof,
8:10. And they sent a general against them, and fought with them, and
many of them were slain, and they carried away their wives, and their
children captives, and spoiled them, and took possession of their land,
and threw down their walls, and brought them to be their servants unto
8:11. And the other kingdoms, and islands, that at any time had
resisted them, they had destroyed and brought under their power.
8:12. But with their friends, and such as relied upon them, they kept
amity, and had conquered kingdoms that were near, and that were far
off: for all that heard their name, were afraid of them.
8:13. That whom they had a mind to help to a kingdom, those reigned:
and whom they would, they deposed from the kingdom: and they were
8:14. And none of all these wore a crown, or was clothed in purple, to
be magnified thereby.
8:15. And that they had made themselves a senate house, and consulted
daily three hundred and twenty men, that sat in counsel always for the
people, that they might do the things that were right:
8:16. And that they committed their government to one man every year,
to rule over all their country, and they all obey one, and there is no
envy nor jealousy amongst them.
To one man. . .There were two consuls: but one only ruled at one time,
each in his day.--Ibid. No envy, etc. . .So Judas had heard: and it was
so far true, with regard to the ancient Romans, that as yet no envy or
jealousy had divided them into such open factions and civil wars, as
they afterwards experienced in the time of Marius and Sylla, etc.
8:17. So Judas chose Eupolemus, the son of John, the son of Jacob, and
Jason, the son of Eleazar, and he sent them to Rome to make a league of
amity and confederacy with them:
8:18. And that they might take off from them the yoke of the Grecians,
for they saw that they oppressed the kingdom of Israel with servitude.
8:19. And they went to Rome, a very long journey, and they entered into
the senate house, and said:
8:20. Judas Machabeus, and his brethren, and the people of the Jews,
have sent us to you to make alliance and peace with you, and that we
may be registered your confederates and friends.
8:21. And the proposal was pleasing in their sight.
8:22. And this is the copy of the writing that they wrote back again,
graven in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that it might be with
them there for a memorial of the peace, and alliance.
8:23. GOOD SUCCESS BE TO THE ROMANS, and to the people of the Jews by
sea, and by land, for ever: and far be the sword and enemy from them.
8:24. But if there come first any war upon the Romans, or any of their
confederates, in all their dominions:
8:25. The nation of the Jews shall help them according as the time
shall direct, with all their heart:
8:26. Neither shall they give them, whilst they are fighting, or
furnish them with wheat, or arms, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed
good to the Romans: and they shall obey their orders, without taking
any thing of them.
8:27. In like manner also if war shall come first upon the nation of
the Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart, according as
the time shall permit them:
8:28. And there shall not be given to them that come to their aid,
either wheat, or arms, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to
the Romans: and they shall observe their orders without deceit.
8:29. According to these articles did the Romans covenant with the
people of the Jews.
8:30. And, if after this, one party or the other shall have a mind to
add to these articles, or take away any thing, they may do it at their
pleasure: and whatsoever they shall add, or take away, shall be
8:31. Moreover, concerning the evils that Demetrius, the king, hath
done against them, we have written to him, saying: Why hast thou made
thy yoke heavy upon our friends and allies, the Jews.
8:32. If, therefore, they come again to us complaining of thee, we will
do them justice, and will make war against thee by sea and land.
1 Machabees Chapter 9
Bacchides is sent again into Judea: Judas fights against him with eight
hundred men and is slain. Jonathan succeeds him and revenges the murder
of his brother John. He fights against Bacchides. Alcimus dies
miserably. Bacchides besieges Bethbessen. He is forced to raise the
siege and leave the country.
9:1. In the mean time, when Demetrius heard that Nicanor and his army
were fallen in battle, he sent again Bacchides and Alcimus into Judea;
and the right wing of his army with them.
9:2. And they took the road that leadeth to Galgal, and they camped in
Masaloth, which is in Arabella: and they made themselves masters of it,
and slew many people.
9:3. In the first month of the hundred and fifty-second year they
brought the army to Jerusalem:
9:4. And they arose and went to Berea, with twenty thousand men, and
two thousand horsemen.
9:5. Now Judas had pitched his tents in Laisa, and three thousand
chosen men with him:
9:6. And they saw the multitude of the army that they were many, and
they were seized with great fear: and many withdrew themselves out of
the camp, and there remained of them no more than eight hundred men.
9:7. And Judas saw that his army slipped away, and the battle pressed
upon him, and his heart was cast down: because he had not time to
gather them together, and he was discouraged.
9:8. Then he said to them that remained: Let us arise, and go against
our enemies, if we may be able to fight against them.
9:9. But they dissuaded him, saying: We shall not be able, but let us
save our lives now, and return to our brethren, and then we will fight
against them: for we are but few.
9:10. Then Judas said: God forbid we should do this thing, and flee
away from them: but if our time be come, let us die manfully for our
brethren, and let us not stain our glory.
9:11. And the army removed out of the camp, and they stood over against
them: and the horsemen were divided into two troops, and the slingers,
and the archers, went before the army, and they that were in the front
were all men of valour.
9:12. And Bacchides was in the right wing, and the legion drew near on
two sides, and they sounded the trumpets:
9:13. And they also that were on Judas's side, even they also cried
out, and the earth shook at the noise of the armies: and the battle was
fought from morning even unto the evening.
9:14. And Judas perceived that the stronger part of the army of
Bacchides was on the right side, and all the stout of heart came
together with him:
9:15. And the right wing was discomfited by them, and he pursued them
even to the mount Azotus.
9:16. And they that were in the left wing saw that the right wing was
discomfited, and they followed after Judas, and them that were with
him, at their back:
9:17. And the battle was hard fought, and there fell many wounded of
the one side and of the other.
9:18. And Judas was slain, and the rest fled away.
9:19. And Jonathan and Simon took Judas, their brother, and buried him
in the sepulchre of their fathers, in the city of Modin.
9:20. And all the people of Israel bewailed him with great lamentation,
and they mourned for him many days.
9:21. And said: How is the mighty man fallen, that saved the people of
9:22. But the rest of the words of the wars of Judas, and of the noble
acts that he did, and of his greatness, are not written: for they were
9:23. And it came to pass, after the death of Judas, that the wicked
began to put forth their heads in all the confines of Israel, and all
the workers of iniquity rose up.
9:24. In those days there was a very great famine, and they and all
their country yielded to Bacchides.
9:25. And Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of the
9:26. And they sought out, and made diligent search after the friends
of Judas, and brought them to Bacchides, and he took vengeance of them,
and abused them.
9:27. And there was a great tribulation in Israel, such as was not
since the day, that there was no prophet seen in Israel.
9:28. And all the friends of Judas came together, and said to Jonathan:
9:29. Since thy brother Judas died there is not a man like him to go
forth against our enemies, Bacchides, and them that are the enemies of
9:30. Now, therefore, we have chosen thee this day to be our prince,
and captain, in his stead, to fight our battles.
9:31. So Jonathan took upon him the government at that time, and rose
up in the place of Judas, his brother
9:32. And Bacchides had knowledge of it, and sought to kill him.
9:33. And Jonathan, and Simon, his brother, knew it, and all that were
with them: and they fled into the desert of Thecua, and they pitched by
the water of the lake Asphar,
9:34. And Bacchides understood it, and he came himself, with all his
army, over the Jordan, on the sabbath day.
9:35. And Jonathan sent his brother, a captain of the people, to desire
the Nabutheans his friends, that they would lend them their equipage,
which was copious.
9:36. And the children of Jambri came forth out of Madaba, and took
John, and all that he had, and went away with them.
9:37. After this it was told Jonathan, and Simon, his brother, that the
children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride
out of Madaba, the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan,
with great pomp.
9:38. And they remembered the blood of John, their brother: and they
went up, and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain.
9:39. And they lifted up their eyes, and saw: and behold a tumult, and
great preparation: and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends, and
his brethren to meet them with timbrels, and musical instruments and
9:40. And they rose up against them from the place where they lay in
ambush, and slew them, and there fell many wounded, and the rest fled
into the mountains, and they took all their spoils:
9:41. And the marriage was turned into mourning, and the noise of their
musical instruments into lamentation.
9:42. And they took revenge for the blood of their brother: and they
returned to the bank of the Jordan.
9:43. And Bacchides heard it, and he came on the sabbath day even to
the bank of the Jordan, with a great power.
9:44. And Jonathan said to his company: Let us arise, and fight against
our enemies: for it is not now as yesterday, and the day before.
9:45. For behold the battle is before us, and the water of the Jordan
on this side and on that side, and banks, and marshes, and woods: and
there is no place for us to turn aside.
9:46. Now, therefore, cry ye to heaven, that ye may be delivered from
the hand of your enemies. And they joined battle.
9:47. And Jonathan stretched forth his hand to strike Bacchides, but he
turned away from him backwards.
9:48. And Jonathan, and they that were with him, leapt into the Jordan,
and swam over the Jordan to them.
9:49. And there fell of Bacchides' side that day a thousand men: and
they returned to Jerusalem,
9:50. And they built strong cities in Judea, the fortress that was in
Jericho, and in Ammaus, and in Bethoron, and in Bethel, and Thamnata,
and Phara, and Thopo, with high walls, and gates, and bars.
9:51. And he placed garrisons in them, that they might wage war against
9:52. And he fortified the city of Bethsura, and Gazara, and the
castle, and set garrisons in them, and provisions of victuals:
9:53. And he took the sons of the chief men of the country for
hostages, and put them in the castle in Jerusalem in custody.
9:54. Now in the year one hundred and fifty-three, the second month,
Alcimus commanded the walls of the inner court of the sanctuary to be
thrown down, and the works of the prophets to be destroyed: and he
began to destroy.
9:55. At that time Alcimus was struck: and his works were hindered, and
his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no
more speak a word, nor give order concerning his house.
9:56. And Alcimus died at that time in great torment.
9:57. And Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead: and he returned to the
king, and the land was quiet for two years.
9:58. And all the wicked held a council, saying: Behold Jonathan, and
they that are with him, dwell at ease and without fear: now, therefore,
let us bring Bacchides hither, and he shall take them all in one night.
9:59. So they went, and gave him counsel.
9:60. And he arose to come with a great army: and he sent secretly
letters to his adherents that were in Judea to seize upon Jonathan, and
them that were with him: but they could not, for their design was known
9:61. And he apprehended of the men of the country, that were the
principal authors of the mischief, fifty men, and he slew them.
9:62. And Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him, retired
into Bethbessen, which is in the desert: and he repaired the breaches
thereof, and they fortified it.
9:63. And when Bacchides knew it, he gathered together all his
multitude: and sent word to them that were of Judea.
9:64. And he came, and camped above Bethbessen, and fought against it
many days, and made engines.
9:65. But Jonathan left his brother, Simon, in the city and went forth
into the country, and came with a number of men,
9:66. And struck Odares, and his brethren, and the children of
Phaseron, in their tents, and he began to slay, and to increase in
9:67. But Simon, and they that were with him, sallied out of the city,
and burnt the engines,
9:68. And they fought against Bacchides, and he was discomfited by
them: and they afflicted him exceedingly, for his counsel, and his
enterprise was in vain.
9:69. And he was angry with the wicked men that had given him counsel
to come into their country, and he slew many of them: and he purposed
to return with the rest into their country.
9:70. And Jonathan had knowledge of it, and he sent ambassadors to him
to make peace with him, and to restore to him the prisoners.
9:71. And he accepted it willingly, and did according to his words, and
swore that he would do him no harm all the days of his life.
9:72. And he restored to him the prisoners which he before had taken
out of the land of Juda: and he returned, and went away into his own
country, and he came no more into their borders.
9:73. So the sword ceased from Israel: and Jonathan dwelt in Machmas,
and Jonathan began there to judge the people, and he destroyed the
wicked out of Israel.
1 Machabees Chapter 10
Alexander Bales sets himself up for king: both he and Demetrius seek to
make Jonathan their friend. Alexander kills Demetrius in battle, and
honours Jonathan. His victory over Apollonius.
10:1. Now in the hundred and sixtieth year, Alexander, the son of
Antiochus, surnamed the Illustrious, came up and took Ptolemais, and
they received him, and he reigned there.
10:2. And king Demetrius heard of it, and gathered together an
exceeding great army, and went forth against him to fight.
10:3. And Demetrius sent a letter to Jonathan, with peaceable words, to
10:4. For he said: Let us first make a peace with him, before he make
one with Alexander against us.
10:5. For he will remember all the evils that we have done against him,
and against his brother, and against his nation.
10:6. And he gave him authority to gather together a army, and to make
arms, and that he should be his confederate: and the hostages that were
in the castle, he commanded to be delivered to him.
10:7. And Jonathan came to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the
hearing of all the people, and of them that were in the castle.
10:8. And they were struck with great fear, because they heard that the
king had given him authority to gather together an army.
10:9. And the hostages were delivered to Jonathan, and he restored them
to their parents.
10:10. And Jonathan dwelt in Jerusalem, and began to build, and to
repair the city.
10:11. And he ordered workmen to build the walls, and mount Sion round
about with square stones for fortification: and so they did.
10:12. Then the strangers that were in the strong holds, which
Bacchides had built, fled away.
10:13. And every man left his place, and departed into his own country:
10:14. Only in Bethsura there remained some of them, that had forsaken
the law, and the commandments of God: for this was a place of refuge
10:15. And king Alexander heard of the promises that Demetrius had made
Jonathan: and they told him of the battles, and the worthy acts that he
and his brethren had done, and the labours that they had endured.
10:16. And he said: Shall we find such another man? now, therefore, we
will make him our friend and our confederate.
10:17. So he wrote a letter, and sent it to him according to these
10:18. King Alexander to his brother, Jonathan, greetings.
10:19. We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power, and
fit to be our friend:
10:20. Now therefore, we make thee this day high priest of thy nation,
and that thou be called the king's friend, (and he sent him a purple
robe, and a crown of gold) and that thou be of one mind with us in our
affairs, and keep friendship with us.
10:21. Then Jonathan put on the holy vestment in the seventh month, in
the year one hundred and threescore, at the feast day of the
tabernacles: and he gathered together an army, and made a great number
10:22. And Demetrius heard these words, and was exceeding sorry, and
10:23. What is this that we have done, that Alexander hath prevented us
to gain the friendship of the Jews to strengthen himself?
10:24. I also will write to them words of request, and offer dignities,
and gifts: that they may be with me to aid me.
10:25. And he wrote to them in these words: King Demetrius to the
nation of the Jews, greeting.
10:26. Whereas you have kept covenant with us, and have continued in
our friendship, and have not joined with our enemies, we have heard of
it, and are glad.
10:27. Wherefore now continue still to keep fidelity towards us, and we
will reward you with good things, for what you have done in our behalf.
10:28. And we will remit to you many charges, and will give you gifts.
10:29. And now I free you, and all the Jews, from tributes, and I
release you from the customs of salt, and remit the crowns, and the
thirds of the seed:
10:30. And the half of the fruit of trees, which is my share, I leave
to you from this day forward, so that it shall not be taken of the land
of Juda, and of the three cities that are added thereto out of Samaria
and Galilee, from this day forth, and for ever:
10:31. And let Jerusalem be holy and free, with the borders thereof:
and let the tenths, and tributes be for itself.
10:32. I yield up also the power of the castle that is in Jerusalem,
and I give it to the high priest, to place therein such men as he shall
choose, to keep it.
10:33. And every soul of the Jews that hath been carried captive from
the land of Juda in all my kingdom, I set at liberty freely, that all
be discharged from tributes, even of their cattle.
10:34. And I will that all the feasts, and the sabbaths, and the new
moons, and the days appointed, and three days before the solemn day,
and three days after the solemn day, be all days of immunity and
freedom, for all the Jews that are in my kingdom:
10:35. And no man shall have power to do any thing against them, or to
molest any of them, in any cause.
10:36. And let there be enrolled in the king's army to the number of
thirty thousand of the Jews: and allowance shall be made them, as is
due to all the king's forces and certain of them shall be appointed to
be in the fortresses of the great king:
10:37. And some of them shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom,
that are of trust, and let the governors be taken from among
themselves, and let them walk in their own laws, as the king hath
commanded in the land of Juda.
10:38. And the three cities that are added to Judea, out of the country
of Samaria, let them be accounted with Judea: that they may be under
one, and obey no other authority but that of the high priest:
10:39. Ptolemais and the confines thereof, I give as a free gift to the
holy places that are in Jerusalem, for the necessary charges of the
10:40. And I give every year fifteen thousand sickles of silver out of
the king's accounts, of what belongs to me:
10:41. And all that is above, which they that were over the affairs the
years before, had not paid, from this time they shall give it to the
works of the house.
10:42. Moreover, the five thousand sickles of silver, which they
received from the account of the holy places, every year, shall also
belong to the priests that execute the ministry.
10:43. And whosoever shall flee into the temple that is in Jerusalem,
and in all the borders thereof, being indebted to the king for any
matter, let them be set at liberty, and all that they have in my
kingdom, let them have it free.
10:44. For the building also, or repairing the works of the holy
places, the charges shall be given out of the king's revenues:
10:45. For the building also of the walls of Jerusalem, and the
fortifying thereof round about, the charges shall be given out of the
king's account, as also for the building of the walls in Judea.
10:46. Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave no
credit to them, nor received them because they remembered the great
evil that he had done in Israel, for he had afflicted them exceedingly.
10:47. And their inclinations were towards Alexander, because he had
been the chief promoter of peace in their regard, and him they always
10:48. And king Alexander gathered together a great army, and moved his
camp near to Demetrius.
10:49. And the two kings joined battle, and the army of Demetrius fled
away, and Alexander pursued after him, and pressed them close.
10:50. And the battle was hard fought, till the sun went down: and
Demetrius was slain that day.
10:51. And Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of Egypt, with
words to this effect, saying:
Ptolemee. . .Surnamed Philometer.
10:52. Forasmuch as I am returned into my kingdom and am set in the