Part 23 out of 29
5:12. Because I know your manifold crimes, and your grievous sins:
enemies of the just, taking bribes, and oppressing the poor in the
5:13. Therefore the prudent shall keep silence at that time, for it is
an evil time.
5:14. Seek ye good, and not evil, that you may live: and the Lord the
God of hosts will be with you, as you have said.
5:15. Hate evil, and love good, and establish judgment in the gate: it
may be the Lord the God of hosts may have mercy on the remnant of
5:16. Therefore thus saith the Lord the God of hosts the sovereign
Lord: In every street there shall be wailing: and in all places that
are without, they shall say: Alas, alas! and they shall call the
husbandman to mourning, and such as are skilful in lamentation to
5:17. And in all vineyards there shall be wailing: because I will pass
through in the midst of thee, saith the Lord.
5:18. Woe to them that desire the day of the Lord: to what end is it
for you? the day of the Lord is darkness, and not light.
5:19. As if a man should flee from the face of a lion, and a bear
should meet him: or enter into the house, and lean with his hand upon
the wall, and a serpent should bite him.
5:20. Shall not the day of the Lord be darkness, and not light: and
obscurity, and no brightness in it?
5:21. I hate, and have rejected your festivities: and I will not
receive the odour of your assemblies.
5:22. And if you offer me holocausts, and your gifts, I will not
receive them: neither will I regard the vows of your fat beasts.
5:23. Take away from me the tumult of thy songs: and I will not hear
the canticles of thy harp.
5:24. But judgment shall be revealed as water, and justice as a mighty
5:25. Did you offer victims and sacrifices to me in the desert for
forty years, O house of Israel?
Did you offer, etc. . .Except the sacrifices that were offered at the
first, in the dedication of the tabernacle, the Israelites offered no
sacrifices in the desert.
5:26.But you carried a tabernacle for your Moloch, and the image of
your idols, the star of your god, which you made to yourselves.
A tabernacle, etc. . .All this alludes to the idolatry which they
committed, when they were drawn away by the daughters of Moab to the
worship of their gods. Num. 25.
5:27. And I will cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith
the Lord, the God of hosts is his name.
Amos Chapter 6
The desolation of Israel for their pride and luxury.
6:1. Woe to you that are wealthy in Sion, and to you that have
confidence in the mountain of Samaria: ye great men, heads of the
people, that go in with state into the house of Israel.
6:2. Pass ye over to Chalane, and see, and go from thence into Emath
the great: and go down into Geth of the Philistines, and to all the
best kingdoms of these: if their border be larger than your border.
6:3. You that are separated unto the evil day: and that approach to the
throne of iniquity;
6:4. You that sleep upon beds of ivory, and are wanton on your couches:
that eat the lambs out of the flock, and the calves out of the midst of
6:5. You that sing to the sound of the psaltery: they have thought
themselves to have instruments of music like David;
6:6. That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the best
ointments: and they are not concerned for the affliction of Joseph.
6:7. Wherefore now they shall go captive at the head of them that go
into captivity: and the faction of the luxurious ones shall be taken
6:8. The Lord God hath sworn by his own soul, saith the Lord the God of
hosts: I detest the pride of Jacob, and I hate his houses, and I will
deliver up the city with the inhabitants thereof.
6:9. And if there remain ten men in one house, they also shall die.
6:10. And a man's kinsman shall take him up, and shall burn him, that
he may carry the bones out of the house; and he shall say to him that
is in the inner rooms of the house: Is there yet any with thee?
6:11. And he shall answer: There is an end. And he shall say to him:
Hold thy peace, and mention not the name of the Lord.
6:12. For behold the Lord hath commanded, and he will strike the
greater house with breaches, and the lesser house with clefts.
6:13. Can horses run upon the rocks, or can any one plough with
buffles? for you have turned judgment into bitterness, and the fruit of
justice into wormwood.
6:14. You that rejoice in a thing of nought: you that say: Have we not
taken unto us horns by our own strength?
6:15. But behold, I will raise up a nation against you, O house of
Israel, saith the Lord the God of hosts; and they shall destroy you
from the entrance of Emath, even to the torrent of the desert.
Amos Chapter 7
The prophet sees, in three visions, evils coming upon Israel: he is
accused of treason by the false priest of Bethel.
7:1. These things the Lord God shewed to me: and behold the locust was
formed in the beginning of the shooting up of the latter rain, and lo,
it was the latter rain after the king's mowing.
The locust, etc. . .These judgments by locusts and fire, which, by the
prophet's intercession, were moderated, signify the former invasions of
the Assyrians under Phul and Theglathphalasar, before the utter
desolation of Israel by Salmanasar.
7:2. And it came to pass, that when they had made an end of eating the
grass of the land, I said: O Lord God, be merciful, I beseech thee: who
shall raise up Jacob, for he is very little?
7:3. The Lord had pity upon this: It shall not be, said the Lord.
7:4. These things the Lord God shewed to me: and behold the Lord called
for judgment unto fire, and it devoured the great deep, and ate up a
part at the same time.
7:5. And I said: O Lord God, cease, I beseech thee, who shall raise up
Jacob, for he is a little one?
7:6. The Lord had pity upon this. Yea this also shall not be, said the
7:7. These things the Lord shewed to me: and behold the Lord was
standing upon a plastered wall, and in his hand a mason's trowel.
7:8. And the Lord said to me: What seest thou, Amos? And I said: A
mason's trowel. And the Lord said: Behold, I will lay down the trowel
in the midst of my people Israel. I will plaster them over no more.
7:9. And the high places of the idol shall be thrown down, and the
sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste: and I will rise up against
the house of Jeroboam with the sword.
7:10. And Amasias the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel,
saying: Amos hath rebelled against thee in the midst of the house of
Israel: the land is not able to bear all his words.
7:11. For thus saith Amos: Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel
shall be carried away captive out of their own land.
Jeroboam shall die by the sword. . .The prophet did not say this; but
that the Lord would rise up against the house of Jeroboam with the
sword: which was verified, when Zacharias, the son and successor of
Jeroboam, was slain by the sword. 4 Kings 15.10.
7:12. And Amasias said to Amos: Thou seer, go, flee away into the land
of Juda: and eat bread there, and prophesy there.
7:13. But prophesy not again any more in Bethel: because it is the
king's sanctuary, and it is the house of the kingdom.
7:14. And Amos answered and said to Amasias: I am not a prophet, nor am
I the son of a prophet: but I am a herdsman plucking wild figs.
I am not a prophet. . .That is, I am not a prophet by education: nor is
prophesying my calling or profession: but I am a herdsman, whom God was
pleased to send hither to prophesy to Israel.
7:15. And the Lord took me when I followed the flock, and the Lord said
to me: Go, prophesy to my people Israel.
7:16. And now hear thou the word of the Lord: Thou sayest, thou shalt
not prophesy against Israel, and thou shalt not drop thy word upon the
house of the idol.
The house of the idol. . .Viz., of the calf worshipped in Bethel.
7:17. Therefore thus saith the Lord: Thy wife shall play the harlot in
the city, and thy sons and thy daughters shall fall by the sword, and
thy land shall be measured by a line: and thou shalt die in a polluted
land, and Israel shall go into captivity out of their land.
Amos Chapter 8
Under the figure of a hook, which bringeth down the fruit, the
approaching desolation of Israel is foreshewed for their avarice and
8:1. These things the Lord shewed to me: and behold a hook to draw down
8:2. And he said: What seest thou, Amos? And I said: A hook to draw
down fruit. And the Lord said to me: The end is come upon my people
Israel: I will not again pass by them any more.
8:3. And the hinges of the temple shall screak in that day, saith the
Lord God: many shall die: silence shall be cast in every place.
8:4. Hear this, you that crush the poor, and make the needy of the land
8:5. Saying: When will the month be over, and we shall sell our wares:
and the sabbath, and we shall open the corn: that we may lessen the
measure, and increase the sicle, and may convey in deceitful balances,
8:6. That we may possess the needy for money, and the poor for a pair
of shoes, and may sell the refuse of the corn?
8:7. The Lord hath sworn against the pride of Jacob: surely I will
never forget all their works.
8:8. Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that
dwelleth therein: and rise up altogether as a river, and be cast out,
and run down as the river of Egypt?
8:9. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord God, that
the sun shall go down at midday, and I will make the earth dark in the
day of light:
8:10. And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs
into lamentation: and I will bring up sackcloth upon every back of
yours, and baldness upon every head: and I will make it as the mourning
of an only son, and the latter end thereof as a bitter day.
8:11. Behold the days come, saith the Lord, and I will send forth a
famine into the land: not a famine of bread, nor a thirst of water, but
of hearing the word of the Lord.
8:12. And they shall move from sea to sea, and from the north to the
east: they shall go about seeking the word of the Lord, and shall not
8:13. In that day the fair virgins, and the young men shall faint for
8:14. They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say: Thy God, O Dan,
liveth: and the way of Bersabee liveth: and they shall fall, and shall
rise no more.
Amos Chapter 9
The certainty of the desolation of Israel: the restoring of the
tabernacle of David, and the conversion of the Gentiles to the church;
which shall flourish for ever.
9:1. I saw the Lord standing upon the altar, and he said: Strike the
hinges, and let the lintels be shook: for there is covetousness in the
head of them all, and I will slay the last of them with the sword:
there shall be no flight for them: they shall flee, and he that shall
flee of them shall not be delivered.
9:2. Though they go down even to hell, thence shall my hand bring them
out: and though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down.
9:3. And though they be hid in the top of Carmel, I will search and
take them away from thence: and though they hide themselves from my
eyes in the depth of the sea, there will I command the serpent and he
shall bite them.
9:4. And if they go into captivity before their enemies, there will I
command the sword, and it shall kill them. And I will set my eyes upon
them for evil, and not for good.
9:5. And the Lord the God of hosts is he who toucheth the earth, and it
shall melt: and all that dwell therein shall mourn: and it shall rise
up as a river, and shall run down as the river of Egypt.
9:6. He that buildeth his ascension in heaven, and hath founded his
bundle upon the earth: who calleth the waters of the sea, and poureth
them out upon the face of the earth, the Lord is his name.
His ascension. . .That is, his high throne.--Ibid. His bundle. . .That
is, his church bound up together by the bands of one faith and communion.
9:7. Are not you as the children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children
of Israel, saith the Lord? did not I bring up Israel, out of the land
of Egypt: and the Philistines out of Cappadocia, and the Syrians out of
As the children of the Ethiopians. . .That is, as black as they, by your
9:8. Behold the eyes of the Lord God are upon the sinful kingdom, and I
will destroy it from the face of the earth: but yet I will not utterly
destroy the house of Jacob, saith the Lord.
9:9. For behold I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel
among all nations, as corn is sifted in a sieve: and there shall not a
little stone fall to the ground.
9:10. All the sinners of my people shall fall by the sword: who say:
The evils shall not approach, and shall not come upon us.
9:11. In that day I will raise up the tabernacle of David, that is
fallen: and I will close up the breaches of the walls thereof, and
repair what was fallen: and I will rebuild it as in the days of old.
9:12. That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and all nations,
because my name is invoked upon them: saith the Lord that doth these
9:13. Behold the days come, saith the Lord, when the ploughman shall
overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed:
and the mountains shall drop sweetness, and every hill shall be tilled.
Shall overtake, etc. . .By this is meant the great abundance of
spiritual blessings; which, as it were, by a constant succession, shall
enrich the church of Christ.
9:14. And I will bring back the captivity of my people Israel: and they
shall build the abandoned cities, and inhabit them: and they shall
plant vineyards, and drink the wine of them: and shall make gardens,
and eat the fruits of them. And I will plant them upon their own land:
and I will no more pluck them out of their land which I have given
them, saith the Lord thy God.
THE PROPHECY OF ABDIAS
ABDIAS, whose name is interpreted THE SERVANT OF THE LORD, is believed
to have prophesied about the same time as OSEE, JOEL, and AMOS: though
some of the Hebrews, who believe him to be the same with ACHAB's
steward, make him much more ancient. His prophecy is the shortest of
any in number of words, but yields to none, says ST. JEROME, in the
sublimity of mysteries. It contains but one chapter.
Abdias Chapter 1
The destruction of Edom for their pride: and the wrongs they did to
Jacob: the salvation and victory of Israel.
1:1. The vision of Abdias. Thus saith the Lord God to Edom: We have
heard a rumour from the Lord, and he hath sent an ambassador to the
nations: Arise, and let us rise up to battle against him.
1:2. Behold I have made thee small among the nations: thou art
1:3. The pride of thy heart hath lifted thee up, who dwellest in the
clefts of the rocks, and settest up thy throne on high: who sayest in
thy heart: Who shall bring me down to the ground?
1:4. Though thou be exalted as an eagle, and though thou set thy nest
among the stars: thence will I bring thee down, saith the Lord.
1:5. If thieves had gone in to thee, if robbers by night, how wouldst
thou have held thy peace? would they not have stolen till they had
enough? if the grapegatherers had come in to thee, would they not have
left thee at the least a cluster?
1:6. How have they searched Esau, how have they sought out his hidden
1:7. They have sent thee out even to the border: all the men of thy
confederacy have deceived thee: the men of thy peace have prevailed
against thee: they that eat with thee shall lay snares under thee:
there is no wisdom in him.
1:8. Shall not I in that day, saith the Lord, destroy the wise out of
Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau?
1:9. And thy valiant men of the south shall be afraid, that man may be
cut off from the mount of Esau.
1:10. For the slaughter, and for the iniquity against thy brother
Jacob, confusion shall cover thee, and thou shalt perish for ever.
1:11. In the day when thou stoodest against him, when strangers carried
away his army captive, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast
lots upon Jerusalem: thou also wast as one of them.
1:12. But thou shalt not look on in the day of thy brother, in the day
of his leaving his country: and thou shalt not rejoice over the
children of Juda, in the day of their destruction: and thou shalt not
magnify thy mouth in the day of distress.
Thou shalt not look, etc. . .or, thou shouldst not, etc. It is a
reprehension for what they had done, and at the same time a declaration
that these things should not pass unpunished.--Ibid. Thou shalt not
magnify thy mouth. . .That is, thou shalt not speak arrogantly against
the children of Juda as insulting them in their distress.
1:13. Neither shalt thou enter into the gate of my people in the day of
their ruin: neither shalt thou also look on in his evils in the day of
his calamity: and thou shalt not be sent out against his army in the
day of his desolation.
1:14. Neither shalt thou stand in the crossways to kill them that flee:
and thou shalt not shut up them that remain of him in the day of
1:15. For the day of the Lord is at hand upon all nations: as thou hast
done, so shall it be done to thee: he will turn thy reward upon thy own
1:16. For as you have drunk upon my holy mountain, so all nations shall
drink continually: and they shall drink, and sup up, and they shall be
as though they were not.
1:17. And in mount Sion shall be salvation, and it shall be holy, and
the house of Jacob shall possess those that possessed them.
1:18. And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a
flame, and the house of Esau stubble: and they shall be kindled in
them, and shall devour them: and there shall be no remains of the house
of Esau, for the Lord hath spoken it.
1:19. And they that are toward the south, shall inherit the mount of
Esau, and they that are in the plains, the Philistines: and they shall
possess the country of Ephraim, and the country of Samaria: and
Benjamin shall possess Galaad.
1:20. And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel, all the
places of the Chanaanites even to Sarepta: and the captivity of
Jerusalem that is in Bosphorus, shall possess the cities of the south.
1:21. And saviours shall come up into mount Sion to judge the mount of
Esau: and the kingdom shall be for the Lord.
THE PROPHECY OF JONAS
JONAS prophesied in the reign of JEREBOAM the second: as we learn from
4 Kings 14.25. To whom also he foretold his success in restoring all
the borders of Israel. He was of GETH OPHER in the tribe of ZABULON,
and consequently of GALILEE: which confutes that assertion of the
Pharisees, John 7.52, that no prophet ever rose out of GALILEE. He
prophesied and prefigured in his own person the death and resurrection
of CHRIST: and was the only one among the prophets that was sent to
preach to the Gentiles.
Jonas Chapter 1
Jonas being sent to preach in Ninive, fleeth away by sea: a tempest
riseth: of which he being found, by lot, to be the cause, is cast into
the sea, which thereupon is calmed.
1:1. Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas, the son of Amathi, saying:
1:2. Arise and go to Ninive, the great city, and preach in it: For the
wickedness thereof is come up before me.
Nineve. . .The capital city of the Assyrian empire.
1:3. And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord,
and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he
paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to
Tharsis from the face of the Lord,
Tharsis. . .Which some take to be Tharsus of Cilicia, others to be
Tartessus of Spain, others to be Carthage.
1:4. But the Lord sent a great wind to the sea: and a great tempest was
raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
1:5. And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and
they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to
lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the
ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
A deep sleep. . .This is a lively image of the insensibility of sinners,
fleeing from God, and threatened on every side with his judgments: and
yet sleeping as if they were secure.
1:6. And the ship master came to him and said to him: Why art thou fast
asleep? rise up call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us
that we may not perish.
1:7. And they said every one to his fellow: Come and let us cast lots,
that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the
lot fell upon Jonas.
1:8. And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us,
what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou?
or of what people art thou?
1:9. And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord, and the
God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
1:10. And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast
thou done this? (For the men knew that he fled from the face of the
Lord: because he had told them.)
1:11. And they said to him: What shall we do with thee, that the sea
may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
1:12. And he said to them: take me up, and cast me into the sea, and
the sea shall be calm to you: for I know for my sake this great tempest
is upon you.
1:13. And the men rowed hard to return the land, but they were not
able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
1:14. And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord let
us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood:
for thou, oh Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
1:15. And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea
ceased from raging.
1:16. And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims
to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonas Chapter 2
Jonas is swallowed up by a great fish: he prayeth with confidence in
God; and the fish casteth him out on the dry land.
2:1. Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas
was in the belly of a fish for three days and three nights.
2:2. And Jonas prayed to the Lord, his God, out of the belly of the
2:3. And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he
heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my
2:4. And thou hast cast me forth into the deep, in the heart of the
sea, and a flood hast compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have
passed over me.
2:5. And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I
shall see the holy temple again.
2:6. The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath
closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
2:7. I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the
earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from
corruption, O Lord, my God.
2:8. When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord:
that my prayer may come to thee, unto the holy temple.
2:9. They that in vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
2:10. But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay
whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
2:11. And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the
Spoke to the fish. . .God's speaking to the fish, was nothing else but
his will, which all things obey.
Jonas Chapter 3
Jonas is sent again to preach in Ninive. Upon their fasting and
repentance, God recalleth the sentence by which they were to be
3:1. And the word of the Lord came to Jonas the second time saying:
3:2. Arise, and go to Ninive, the great city: and preach in it the
preaching that I bid thee.
3:3. And Jonas arose, and went to Ninive, according to the word of the
Lord: now Ninive was a great city of three days' journey.
Of three days' journey. . .By the computation of some ancient
historians, Ninive was about fifty miles round: so that to go through
all the chief streets and public places was three days' journey.
3:4. And Jonas began to enter into the city one day's journey: and he
cried and said: Yet forty days and Ninive shall be destroyed.
3:5. And the men of Ninive believed in God: and they proclaimed a fast,
and put on sackcloth from the greatest to the least.
3:6. And the word came to the king of Ninive: and he rose up out of his
throne, and cast away his robe from him, and was clothed in sackcloth,
and sat in ashes.
3:7. And he caused it to be proclaimed and published in Ninive, from
the mouth of the king and of his princes, saying: Let neither men nor
beasts, oxen, nor sheep taste anything: let them not feed, nor drink
3:8. And let men and beasts be covered with sackcloth, and cry to the
Lord with all their strength, and let them turn every one from his evil
way, and from the iniquity that is in their hands.
3:9. Who can tell if God will turn, and forgive: and will turn away
from his fierce anger, and we shall not perish?
3:10. And God saw their works, that they were turned from their evil
way: and God had mercy with regard to the evil which he had said that
he would do to them, and he did it not.
Jonas Chapter 4
4:1. And Jonas was exceedingly troubled, and was angry:
Was exceedingly troubled, etc. . .His concern was lest he should pass
for a false prophet; or rather, lest God's word, by this occasion,
might come to be slighted and disbelieved.
4:2. And he prayed to the Lord, and said: I beseech thee, O Lord, is
not this what I said, when I was yet in my own country? therefore I
went before to flee into Tharsis: for I know that thou art a gracious
and merciful God, patient, and of much compassion, and easy to forgive
4:3. And now, O Lord, I beseech thee take my life from me: for it is
better for me to die than to live.
4:4. And the Lord said: Dost thou think thou hast reason to be angry?
4:5. Then Jonas went out of the city, and sat toward the east side of
the city: and he made himself a booth there, and he sat under it in the
shadow, till he might see what would befall the city.
4:6. And the Lord God prepared an ivy, and it came up over the head of
Jonas, to be a shadow over his head, and to cover him (for he was
fatigued): and Jonas was exceeding glad of the ivy.
The Lord God prepared an ivy. . .Hederam. In the Hebrew it is Kikajon,
which some render a gourd: others a palmerist, or palma Christi.
4:7. But God prepared a worm, when the morning arose on the following
day: and it struck the ivy and it withered.
4:8. And when the sun was risen, the Lord commanded a hot and burning
wind: and the sun beat upon the head of Jonas, and he broiled with the
heat: and he desired for his soul that he might die, and said: It is
better for me to die than to live.
4:9. And the Lord said to Jonas: Dost thou think thou hast reason to be
angry, for the ivy? And he said: I am angry with reason even unto
4:10. And the Lord said: Thou art grieved for the ivy, for which thou
hast not laboured, nor made it to grow, which in one night came up, and
in one night perished.
4:11. And shall I not spare Ninive, that great city, in which there are
more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons, that know how to
distinguish between their right hand and their left, and many beasts?
THE PROPHECY OF MICHEAS
MICHEAS, of Morasti, a little town in the tribe of JUDA, was
contemporary with the prophet ISAIAS: whom he resembles both in his
spirit and his style. He is different from the prophet MICHEAS
mentioned in the third book of Kings, chap. 22. For that MICHEAS lived
in the days of king ACHAB, one hundred and fifty years before the time
of EZECHIAS, under whom this MICHEAS prophesied.
Micheas Chapter 1
Samaria for her sins shall be destroyed by the Assyrians; they shall
also invade Juda and Jerusalem.
1:1. The word of the Lord, that came to Micheas, the Morasthite, in the
days of Joathan, Achaz, and Ezechias, kings of Juda: which he saw
concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
1:2. Hear, all ye people: and let the earth give ear, and all that is
therein: and let the Lord God be a witness to you, the Lord from his
1:3. For behold the Lord will come forth out of his place: and he will
come down, and will tread upon the high places of the earth.
1:4. And the mountains shall be melted under him: and the valleys shall
be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as waters that run down a steep
1:5. For the wickedness of Jacob is all this, and for the sins of the
house of Israel. What is the wickedness of Jacob? is it not Samaria?
and what are the high places of Juda? are they not Jerusalem?
1:6. And I will make Samaria as a heap of stones in the field when a
vineyard is planted: and I will bring down the stones thereof into the
valley, and will lay her foundations bare.
1:7. And all her graven things shall be cut in pieces, and all her
wages shall be burnt with fire, and I will bring to destruction all her
idols: for they were gathered together of the hire of a harlot, and
unto the hire of a harlot they shall return.
Her wages. . .That is, her donaries or presents offered to her idols: or
the hire of all her traffic and labour.--Ibid. Of the hire of a harlot,
etc. . .They were gathered together by one idolatrous city, viz.,
Samaria: and they shall be carried away to another idolatrous city,
1:8. Therefore will I lament, and howl: I will go stript and naked: I
will make a wailing like the dragons, and a mourning like the
1:9. Because her wound is desperate, because it is come even to Juda,
it hath touched the gate of my people, even to Jerusalem.
It hath touched the gate, etc. . .That is, the destruction of Samaria
shall be followed by the invasion of my people of Juda, and the
Assyrians shall come and lay all waste even to the confines of
1:10. Declare ye it not in Geth, weep ye not with tears: in the house
of Dust sprinkle yourselves with dust.
Declare ye it not in Geth. . .Viz., amongst the Philistines, lest they
rejoice at your calamity.--Ibid. Weep ye not, etc. . .Keep in your
tears, that you may not give your enemies an occasion of insulting over
you; but in your own houses, or in your house of dust, your earthly
habitation, sprinkle yourselves with dust, and put on the habit of
penitents. Some take the house of dust (in Hebrew, Aphrah) to be the
proper name of a city.
1:11. And pass away, O thou that dwellest in the beautiful place,
covered with thy shame: she went not forth that dwelleth in the
confines: the house adjoining shall receive mourning from you, which
stood by herself.
Thou that dwellest in the Beautiful place, viz., in Samaria. In the
Hebrew the Beautiful place is expressed by the word Sapir, which some
take for the proper name of a city.--Ibid. She went not forth,
etc. . .that is, they that dwelt in the confines came not forth, but kept
themselves within, for fear.--Ibid. The house adjoining, etc. . .Viz.,
Judea and Jerusalem, neighbours to Samaria, and partners in her sins,
shall share also in her mourning and calamity; though they have
pretended to stand by themselves, trusting in their strength.
1:12. For she is become weak unto good that dwelleth in bitterness: for
evil is come down from the Lord into the gate of Jerusalem.
She is become weak, etc. . .Jerusalem is become weak unto any good;
because she dwells in the bitterness of sin.
1:13. A tumult of chariots hath astonished the inhabitants of Lachis:
it is the beginning of sin to the daughter of Sion for in thee were
found the crimes of Israel.
It is the beginning, etc. . .That is, Lachis was the first city of Juda
that learned from Samaria the worship of idols, and communicated it to
1:14. Therefore shall she send messengers to the inheritance of Geth:
the houses of lying to deceive the kings of Israel.
Therefore shall she send, etc. . .Lachis shall send to Geth for help:
but in vain: for Geth, instead of helping, shall be found to be a house
of lying and deceit to Israel.
1:15. Yet will I bring an heir to thee that dwellest in Maresa: even to
Odollam shall the glory of Israel come.
An heir, etc. . .Maresa (which was the name of a city of Juda) signifies
inheritance: but here God by his prophet tells the Jews, that he will
bring them an heir to take possession of their inheritance: and that
the glory of Israel shall be obliged to give place, and to retire even
to Odollam, a city in the extremity of their dominions. And therefore
he exhorts them to penance in the following verse.
1:16. Make thee bald, and be polled for thy delicate children: enlarge
thy baldness as the eagle: for they are carried into captivity from
Micheas Chapter 2
The Israelites by their crying injustices provoke God to punish them.
He shall at last restore Jacob.
2:1. Woe to you that devise that which is unprofitable, and work evil
in your beds: in the morning light they execute it, because their hand
is against God.
2:2. And they have coveted fields, and taken them by violence, and
houses they have forcibly taken away: and oppressed a man and his
house, a man and his inheritance.
2:3. Therefore thus saith the Lord: Behold I devise an evil against
this family: from which you shall not withdraw your necks, and you
shall not walk haughtily, for this is a very evil time.
2:4. In that day a parable shall be taken up upon you, and a song shall
be sung with melody by them that say: We are laid waste and spoiled:
the portion of my people is changed: how shall he depart from me,
whereas he is returning that will divide our land?
How shall he depart, etc. . .How do you pretend to say that the Assyrian
is departing; when indeed he is coming to divide our lands amongst his
2:5. Therefore thou shalt have none that shall cast the cord of a lot
in the assembly of the Lord.
Thou shalt have none, etc. . .Thou shalt have no longer any lot or
inheritance in the land of the people of the Lord.
2:6. Speak ye not, saying: It shall not drop upon these, confusion
shall not take them.
It shall not drop, etc. . .That is, the prophecy shall not come upon
these. Such were the sentiments of the people that were unwilling to
believe the threats of the prophets.
2:7. The house of Jacob saith: Is the Spirit of the Lord straitened or
are these his thoughts? Are not my words good to him that walketh
2:8. But my people, on the contrary, are risen up as an enemy: you have
taken away the cloak off from the coat: and them that passed harmless
you have turned to war.
You have taken away, etc. . .You have even stripped people of their
necessary garments: and have treated such as were innocently passing on
the way, as if they were at war with you.
2:9. You have cast out the women of my people from their houses, in
which they took delight: you have taken my praise forever from their
You have cast out, etc. . .either by depriving them of their houses: or,
by your crimes, given occasion to their being carried away captives,
and their children, by that means, never learning to praise the Lord.
2:10. Arise ye, and depart, for there is no rest here for you. For that
uncleanness of the land, it shall be corrupted with a grievous
2:11. Would God I were not a man that hath the spirit, and that I
rather spoke a lie: I will let drop to thee of wine, and of
drunkenness: and it shall be this people upon whom it shall drop.
Would God, etc. . .The prophet could have wished, out of his love to his
people, that he might be deceived in denouncing to them these evils
that were to fall upon them: but by conforming himself to the will of
God, he declares to them, that he is sent to prophesy, literally to let
drop upon them, the wine of God's indignation, with which they should
be made drunk; that is, stupified and cast down.
2:12. I will assemble and gather together all of thee, O Jacob: I will
bring together the remnant of Israel, I will put them together as a
flock in the fold, as sheep in the midst of the sheepcotes, they shall
make a tumult by reason of the multitude of men.
2:13. For he shall go up that shall open the way before them: they
shall divide and pass through the gate, and shall come in by it: and
their king shall pass before them, and the Lord at the head of them.
Micheas Chapter 3
For the sins of the rich oppressing the poor, of false prophets
flattering for lucre, and of judges perverting justice, Jerusalem and
the temple shall be destroyed.
3:1. And I said: Hear, O ye princes of Jacob, and ye chiefs of the
house of Israel: Is it not your part to know judgment,
3:2. You that hate good, and love evil: that violently pluck off their
skins from them and their flesh from their bones?
3:3. Who have eaten the flesh of my people, and have flayed their skin
off them: and have broken, and chopped their bones as for the kettle,
and as flesh in the midst of the pot.
3:4. Then shall they cry to the Lord, and he will not hear them: and he
will hide his face from them at that time, as they have behaved
wickedly in their devices.
3:5. Thus saith the Lord concerning the prophets that make my people
err: that bite with their teeth, and preach peace: and if a man give
not something into their mouth, they prepare war against him.
3:6. Therefore night shall be to you instead of vision, and darkness to
you instead of divination: and the sun shall go down upon the prophets,
and the day shall be darkened over them.
3:7. And they shall be confounded that see visions, and the diviners
shall be confounded: and they shall all cover their faces, because
there is no answer of God.
3:8. But yet I am filled with the strength of the spirit of the Lord,
with judgment and power: to declare unto Jacob his wickedness and to
Israel his sin.
3:9. Hear this, ye princes of the house of Jacob, and ye judges of the
house of Israel: you that abhor judgment and pervert all that is right.
3:10. You that build up Sion with blood, and Jerusalem with iniquity.
3:11. Her princes have judged for bribes: and her priests have taught
for hire, and her prophets divined for money: and they leaned upon the
Lord, saying: Is not the Lord in the midst of us? no evil shall come
3:12. Therefore because of you, Sion shall be ploughed as a field, and
Jerusalem shall be as a heap of stones, and the mountain of the temple
as the high places of the forests.
Micheas Chapter 4
The glory of the church of Christ, by the conversion of the Gentiles.
The Jews shall be carried captives to Babylon, and be delivered again.
4:1. And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of
the house of the Lord shall be prepared in the top of the mountains,
and high above the hills: and people shall flow to it.
4:2. And many nations shall come in haste, and say: Come, let us go up
to the mountain of the Lord, and to the house of the God of Jacob: and
he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the
law shall go forth out of Sion, and the word of the Lord out of
4:3. And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations
afar off: and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their
spears into spades: nation shall not take sword against nation: neither
shall they learn war anymore.
Neither shall they learn, etc. . .The law of Christ is a law of peace;
and all his true subjects, as much as lies in them love and keep peace
with all the world.
4:4. And every man shall sit under his vine, and under his fig tree,
and there shall be none to make them afraid, for the mouth of the Lord
of hosts hath spoken.
4:5. For all people will walk every one in the name of his god: but we
will walk in the name of the Lord, our God, for ever and ever.
4:6. In that day, saith the Lord, I will gather up her that halteth:
and her that I had cast out, I will gather up: and her whom I had
4:7. And I will make her that halted, a remnant: and her that had been
afflicted, a mighty nation: and the Lord will reign over them in Mount
Sion, from this time now and forever.
4:8. And thou, O cloudy tower of the flock, of the daughter of Sion,
unto thee shall it come: yea the first power shall come, the kingdom to
the daughter of Jerusalem.
4:9. Now, why art thou drawn together with grief? Hast thou no king in
thee, or is thy counselor perished, because sorrow hath taken thee as a
woman in labour.
4:10. Be in pain and labour, O daughter of Sion, as a woman that
bringeth forth: for now shalt thou go out of the city, and shalt dwell
in the country, and shalt come even to Babylon, there thou shalt be
delivered: there the Lord will redeem thee out of the hand of thy
4:11. And now many nations are gathered together against thee, and they
say: Let her be stoned: and let our eye look upon Sion.
4:12. But they have not known the thoughts of the Lord, and have not
understood his counsel: because he hath gathered them together as the
hay of the floor.
4:13. Arise, and tread, O daughter of Sion: for I will make thy horn
iron, and thy hoofs I will make brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces
many peoples, and shalt immolate the spoils of them to the Lord, and
their strength to the Lord of the whole earth.
Micheas Chapter 5
The birth of Christ in Bethlehem: his reign and spiritual conquests.
5:1. Now shalt thou be laid waste, O daughter of the robber: they have
laid siege against us, with a rod shall they strike the cheek of the
judge of Israel.
Daughter of the robber. . .Some understand this of Babylon; which robbed
and pillaged the temple of God: others understand it of Jerusalem; by
reason of the many rapines and oppressions committed there.
5:2. And thou Bethlehem Ephrata, art a little one among the thousands
of Juda, out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be the
ruler in Israel: and his going forth is from the beginning, from the
days of eternity.
His going forth, etc. . .That is, he who as man shall be born in thee,
as God was born of his Father from all eternity.
5:3. Therefore will he give them up even till the time wherein she that
travaileth shall bring forth: and the remnant of his brethren shall be
converted to the children of Israel.
5:4. And he shall stand, and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the
height of the name of the Lord, his God: and they shall be converted,
for now shall he be magnified even to the ends of the earth.
5:5. And this man shall be our peace, when the Assyrian shall come into
our land, and when he shall set his foot in our houses: and we shall
raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
The Assyrian. . .That is, the persecutors of the church: who are here
called Assyrians by the prophet: because the Assyrians were at that
time the chief enemies and persecutors of the people of God.--Ibid.
Seven shepherds, etc. . .Viz., the pastors of God's church, and the
defenders of the faith. The number seven in scripture is taken to
signify many: and when eight is joined with it, we are to understand
that the number will be very great.
5:6. And they shall feed the land of Assyria with the sword, and the
land of Nemrod with the spears thereof: and he shall deliver us from
the Assyrian when he shall come into our land, and when he shall tread
in our borders.
They shall feed, etc. . .They shall make spiritual conquests in the
lands of their persecutors, with the word of the spirit, which is the
word of God. Eph. 6.17.
5:7. And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many peoples, as
a dew from the Lord, and as drops upon the grass, which waiteth not for
man, nor tarrieth for the children of men.
The remnant of Jacob. . .Viz., the apostles, and the first preachers of
the Jewish nation; whose doctrine, like dew, shall make the plants of
the converted Gentiles grow up, without waiting for any man to
cultivate them by human learning.
5:8. And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles, in the midst
of many peoples, as a lion among the beasts of the forests, and as a
young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, when he shall go through,
and tread down, and take there is none to deliver.
As a lion, etc. . .This denotes the fortitude of these first preachers;
and their success in their spiritual enterprises.
5:9. Thy hand shall be lifted up over thy enemies, and all thy enemies
shall be cut off.
5:10. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord, that I
will take away thy horses out of the midst of thee, and will destroy
I will take away thy horses, etc. . .Some understand this, and all that
follows to the end of the chapter, as addressed to the enemies of the
church. But it may as well be understood of the converts to the church:
who should no longer put their trust in any of these things.
5:11. And I will destroy the cities of thy land, and will throw down
all thy strong holds, and I will take away sorceries out of thy hand,
and there shall be no divinations in thee.
5:12. And I will destroy thy graven things, and thy statues, out of the
midst of thee: and thou shalt no more adore the works of thy hands.
5:13. And I will pluck up thy groves out of the midst of thee: and will
crush thy cities.
5:14. And I will execute vengeance in wrath, and in indignation, among
all the nations that have not given ear.
Micheas Chapter 6
God expostulates with the Jews for their ingratitude and sins: for
which they shall be punished.
6:1. Hear ye what the Lord saith: Arise, contend thou in judgment
against the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.
The mountains, etc. . .That is, the great ones, the princes of the
6:2. Let the mountains hear the judgment of the Lord, and the strong
foundations of the earth: for the Lord will enter into judgment with
his people, and he will plead against Israel.
6:3. O my people, what have I done to thee, or in what have I molested
thee? answer thou me.
6:4. For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and delivered thee
out of the house of slaves: and I sent before thy face Moses, and
Aaron, and Mary.
6:5. O my people, remember, I pray thee, what Balach, the king of Moab,
purposed: and what Balaam, the son of Beor, answered him, from Setim to
Galgal, that thou mightest know the justice of the Lord.
From Setim to Galgal. . .He puts them in mind of the favour he did them,
in not suffering them to be quite destroyed by the evil purpose of
Balach, and the wicked counsel of Balaam: and then gives them a hint of
the wonders he wrought, in order to bring them into the land of
Promise, by stopping the course of the Jordan, in their march from
Setim to Galgal.
6:6. What shall I offer to the Lord that is worthy? wherewith shall I
kneel before the high God? shall I offer holocausts unto him, and
calves of a year old?
What shall I offer, etc. . .This is spoken in the person of the people,
desiring to be informed what they are to do to please God.
6:7. May the Lord be appeased with thousands of rams, or with many
thousands of fat he goats? shall I give my firstborn for my wickedness,
the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
6:8. I will shew thee, O man, what is good, and what the Lord requireth
of thee: Verily to do judgment, and to love mercy, and to walk
solicitous with thy God.
6:9. The voice of the Lord crieth to the city, and salvation shall be
to them that fear thy name: hear O ye tribes, and who shall approve it?
6:10. As yet there is a fire in the house of the wicked, the treasures
of iniquity, and a scant measure full of wrath.
Full of wrath, etc. . .That is, highly provoking in the sight of God.
6:11. Shall I justify wicked balances, and the deceitful weights of the
6:12. By which her rich men were filled with iniquity, and the
inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue was deceitful in
6:13. And I therefore began to strike thee with desolation for thy
6:14. Thou shalt eat, but shalt not be filled: and thy humiliation
shall be in the midst of thee: and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not
save: and those whom thou shalt save, I will give up to the sword.
6:15. Thou shalt sow, but shalt not reap: thou shalt tread the olives,
but shalt not be anointed with oil: and the new wine, but shalt not
drink the wine.
6:16. For thou hast kept the statutes of Amri, and all the works of the
house of Achab: and thou hast walked according their wills, that I
should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof a hissing,
and you shall bear the reproach of my people.
The statutes of Amri, etc. . .The wicked ways of Amri and Achab,
Micheas Chapter 7
The prophet laments, that notwithstanding all his preaching, the
generality are still corrupt in their manners: therefore their
desolation is at hand: but they shall be restored again and prosper;
and all mankind shall be redeemed by Christ.
7:1. Woe is me, for I am become as one that gleaneth in autumn the
grapes of the vintage: there is no cluster to eat, my soul desired the
first ripe figs.
7:2. The holy man is perished out of the earth, and there is none
upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood, every one hunteth
his brother to death.
7:3. The evil of their hands they call good: the prince requireth, and
the judge is for giving: and the great man hath uttered the desire of
his soul, and they have troubled it.
7:4. He that is best among them, is as a brier, and he that is
righteous, as the thorn of the hedge. The day of thy inspection, thy
visitation cometh: now shall be their destruction.
7:5. Believe not a friend, and trust not in a prince: keep the doors of
thy mouth from her that sleepeth in thy bosom.
7:6. For the son dishonoureth the father, and the daughter riseth up
against her mother, the daughter in law against her mother in law: and
a man's enemies are they of his own household.
7:7. But I will look towards the Lord, I will wait for God, my saviour:
my God will hear me.
7:8. Rejoice not, thou my enemy, over me, because I am fallen: I shall
arise, when I sit in darkness, the Lord is my light.
7:9. I will bear the wrath of the Lord, because I have sinned against
him: until he judge my cause, and execute judgement for me: he will
bring me forth into the light, I shall behold his justice.
7:10. And my enemy shall behold, and she shall be covered with shame,
who saith to me: Where is the Lord thy God? my eyes shall look down
upon her: now shall she be trodden under foot as the mire of the
She shall be covered, etc. . .Viz., Babylon my enemy.
7:11. The day shall come, that thy walls may be built up: in that day
shall the law be far removed.
The law. . .Viz., of thy enemies, who have tyrannized over thee.
7:12. In that day they shall come even from Assyria to thee, and to the
fortified cities: and from the fortified cities even to the river, and
from sea to sea, and from mountain to mountain.
7:13. And the land shall be made desolate because of the inhabitants
thereof, and for the fruit of their devices.
The land, etc. . .Viz., of Babylon.
7:14. Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thy inheritance, them
that dwell alone in the forest, in the midst of Carmel: they shall feed
in Basan and Galaad, according to the days of old.
7:15. According to the days of thy coming out of the land of Egypt, I
will shew him wonders.
7:16. The nations shall see, and shall be confounded at all their
strength: they shall put the hand upon the mouth, their ears shall be
7:17. They shall lick the dust like serpents, as the creeping things of
the earth, they shall be disturbed in their houses: they shall dread
the Lord, our God, and shall fear thee.
7:18. Who is a God like to thee, who takest away iniquity, and passest
by the sin of the remnant of thy inheritance? he will send his fury in
no more, because he delighteth in mercy.
7:19. He will turn again, and have mercy on us: he will put away our
iniquities: and he will cast all our sins into the bottom of the sea.
7:20. Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, the mercy to Abraham: which
thou hast sworn to our fathers from the days of old.
THE PROPHECY OF NAHUM
NAHUM, whose name signifies A COMFORTER, was a native of Elcese, or
Elcesai, supposed to be a little town in Galilee. He prophesied, after
the ten tribes were carried into captivity, and foretold the utter
destruction of Ninive, by the Babylonians and Medes: which happened in
the reign of JOSIAS.
Nahum Chapter 1
The majesty of God, his goodness to his people, and severity to his
1:1. The burden of Ninive. The book of the vision of Nahum, the
1:2. The Lord is a jealous God, and a revenger: the Lord is a revenger,
and hath wrath: the Lord taketh vengeance on his adversaries, and he is
angry with his enemies.
1:3. The Lord is patient, and great in power, and will not cleanse and
acquit the guilty. The Lord's ways are in a tempest, and a whirlwind,
and clouds are the dust of his feet.
1:4. He rebuketh the sea and drieth it up: and bringeth all the rivers
to be a desert. Basan languisheth and Carmel: and the flower of Libanus
1:5. The mountains tremble at him, and the hills are made desolate: and
the earth hath quaked at his presence, and the world, and all that
1:6. Who can stand before the face of his indignation? and who shall
resist in the fierceness of his anger? his indignation is poured out
like fire: and the rocks are melted by him.
1:7. The Lord is good, and giveth strength in the day of trouble: and
knoweth them that hope in him.
1:8. But with a flood that passeth by, he will make an utter end of the
place thereof: and darkness shall pursue his enemies.
Of the place thereof. . .Viz., of Ninive.
1:9. What do ye devise against the Lord? he will make an utter end:
there shall not rise a double affliction.
1:10. For as thorns embrace one another: so while they are feasting and
drinking together, they shall be consumed as stubble that is fully dry.
1:11. Out of thee shall come forth one that imagineth evil against the
Lord, contriving treachery in his mind.
Shall come forth one, etc. . .Some understand this of Sennacherib. But
as his attempt against the people seems to have been prior to the
prophecy of Nahum, we may better understand it of Holofernes.
1:12. Thus saith the Lord: Though they were perfect: and many of them
so, yet thus shall they be cut off, and he shall pass: I have afflicted
thee, and I will afflict thee no more.
Though they were perfect, etc. . .That is, however strong or numerous
their forces may be, they shall be cut off; and their prince or leader
shall pass away and disappear.
1:13. And now I will break in pieces his rod with which he struck thy
back, and I will burst thy bonds asunder.
1:14. And the Lord will give a commandment concerning thee, that no
more of thy name shall be sown: I will destroy the graven and molten
thing out of the house of thy God, I will make it thy grave, for thou
Will give a commandment. . .That is, a decree, concerning thee, O king
of Ninive, thy seed shall fail, etc.
1:15. Behold upon the mountains the feet of him that bringeth good
tidings, and that preacheth peace: O Juda, keep thy festivals, and pay
thy vows: for Belial shall no more pass through thee again, he is
utterly cut off.
Belial. . .The wicked one, viz., the Assyrian.
Nahum Chapter 2
God sends his armies against Ninive to destroy it.
2:1. He is come up that shall destroy before thy face, that shall keep
the siege: watch the way, fortify thy loins, strengthen thy power
2:2. For the Lord hath rendered the pride of Jacob, as the pride of
Israel: because the spoilers have laid them waste, and have marred
their vine branches.
Hath rendered the pride of Jacob, etc. . .He hath punished Jacob for his
pride; and therefore Ninive must not expect to escape. Or else,
rendering the pride of Jacob means rewarding, that is, punishing Ninive
for the pride they exercised against Jacob.
2:3. The shield of his mighty men is like fire, the men of the army are
clad in scarlet, the reins of the chariot are flaming in the day of his
preparation, and the drivers are stupefied.
Of his mighty men, etc. . .He speaks of the Chaldeans and Medes sent to
destroy Ninive.--Ibid. Stupefied. . .consopiti. That is, they drive on
furiously like men intoxicated with wine.
2:4. They are in confusion in the ways, the chariots jostle one against
another in the streets: their looks are like torches, like lightning
running to and fro.
2:5. He will muster up his valiant men, they shall stumble in their
march: they shall quickly get upon the walls thereof: and a covering
shall be prepared.
Stumble in their march. . .By running hastily on.
2:6. The gates of the rivers are opened, and the temple is thrown down
to the ground.
2:7. And the soldier is led away captive: and her bondwomen were led
away mourning as doves, murmuring in their hearts.
2:8. And as for Ninive, her waters are like a great pool: but the men
flee away. They cry: Stand, stand, but there is none that will return
2:9. Take ye the spoil of the silver, take the spoil of the gold: for
there is no end of the riches of all the precious furniture.
2:10. She is destroyed, and rent, and torn: the heart melteth, and the
knees fail, and all the loins lose their strength: and the faces of
them all are as the blackness of a kettle.
2:11. Where is now the dwelling of the lions, and the feeding place of
the young lions, to which the lion went, to enter in thither, the young
lion, and there was none to make them afraid?
2:12. The lion caught enough for his whelps, and killed for his
lionesses: and he filled his holes with prey, and his den with rapine.
2:13. Behold I come against thee, saith the Lord of hosts, and I will
burn thy chariots even to smoke, and the sword shall devour thy young
lions: and I will cut off thy prey out of the land, and the voice of
thy messengers shall be heard no more.
Nahum Chapter 3
The miserable destruction of Ninive.
3:1. Woe to thee, O city of blood, all full of lies and violence:
rapine shall not depart from thee.
3:2. The noise of the whip, and the noise of the rattling of the
wheels, and of the neighing horse; and of the running chariot, and of
the horsemen coming up,
3:3. And of the shining sword, and of the glittering spear, and of a
multitude slain, and of a grievous destruction: and there is no end of
carcasses, and they shall fall down on their dead bodies.
3:4. Because of the multitude of the fornications of the harlot that
was beautiful and agreeable, and that made use of witchcraft, that sold
nations through her fornications, and families through her witchcrafts.
3:5. Behold I come against thee, saith the Lord of hosts: and I will
discover thy shame to thy face, and will shew thy nakedness to the
nations, and thy shame to kingdoms.
3:6. And I will cast abominations upon thee, and will disgrace thee,
and will make an example of thee.
3:7. And it shall come to pass that every one that shall see thee,
shall flee from thee, and shall say: Ninive is laid waste: who shall
bemoan thee? whence shall I seek a comforter for thee?
3:8. Art thou better than the populous Alexandria, that dwelleth among
the rivers? waters are round about it: the sea is its riches: the
waters are its walls.
Populous Alexandria. . .No-Ammon. A populous city of Egypt destroyed by
the Chaldeans, and afterwards rebuilt by Alexander, and called
Alexandria. Others suppose No-Ammon to be the same as Diospolis.
3:9. Ethiopia and Egypt were the strength thereof, and there is no end:
Africa and the Libyans were thy helpers.
3:10. Yet she also was removed and carried into captivity: her young
children were dashed in pieces at the top of every street, and they
cast lots upon her nobles, and all her great men were bound in fetters.
3:11. Therefore thou also shalt be made drunk, and shalt be despised:
and thou shalt seek help from the enemies.
3:12. All thy strong holds shall be like fig trees with their green
figs: if they be shaken, they shall fall into the mouth of the eater.
3:13. Behold thy people in the midst of thee are women: the gates of
thy land shall be set wide open to thy enemies, the fire shall devour
3:14. Draw thee water for the siege, build up thy bulwarks: go into the
clay, and tread, work it and make brick.
3:15. There shall the fire devour thee: thou shalt perish by the sword,
it shall devour thee like the bruchus: assemble together like the
bruchus, make thyself many like the locust.
3:16. Thou hast multiplied thy merchandises above the stars of heaven:
the bruchus hath spread himself and flown away.
3:17. Thy guards are like the locusts: and thy little ones like the
locusts of locusts which swarm on the hedges in the day of cold: the
sun arose, and they flew away, and their place was not known where they
Locusts of locusts. . .The young locusts.
3:18. Thy shepherds have slumbered, O king of Assyria, thy princes
shall be buried: thy people are hid in the mountains, and there is none
to gather them.
3:19. Thy destruction is not hidden, thy wound is grievous: all that
have heard the fame of thee, have clapped their hands over thee: for
upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?
THE PROPHECY OF HABACUC
HABACUC was a native of Bezocher, and prophesied in JUDA, some time
before the invasion of the CHALDEANS, which he foretold. He lived to
see this prophecy fulfilled, and for many years after, according to the
general opinion, which supposes him to be the same that was brought by
the ANGEL to DANIEL in BABYLON, Dan. 14.
Habacuc Chapter 1
The prophet complains of the wickedness of the people: God reveals to
him the vengeance he is going to take of them by the Chaldeans.
1:1. The burden that Habacuc the prophet saw.
Burden. . .Such prophecies more especially are called burdens, as
threaten grievous evils and punishments.
1:2. How long, O Lord, shall I cry, and thou wilt not hear? shall I cry
out to thee suffering violence, and thou wilt not save?
1:3. Why hast thou shewn me iniquity and grievance, to see rapine and
injustice before me? and there is a judgment, but opposition is more
1:4. Therefore the law is torn in pieces, and judgment cometh not to
the end: because the wicked prevaileth against the just, therefore
wrong judgment goeth forth.
1:5. Behold ye among the nations, and see: wonder, and be astonished:
for a work is done in your days, which no man will believe when it
shall be told.
1:6. For behold, I will raise up the Chaldeans, a bitter and swift
nation, marching upon the breadth of the earth, to possess the dwelling
places that are not their own.
1:7. They are dreadful, and terrible: from themselves shall their
judgment, and their burden proceed.
1:8. Their horses are lighter than leopards, and swifter than evening
wolves; and their horsemen shall be spread abroad: for their horsemen
shall come from afar, they shall fly as an eagle that maketh haste to
1:9. They shall all come to the prey, their face is like a burning
wind: and they shall gather together captives as the sand.
1:10. And their prince shall triumph over kings, and princes shall be
his laughingstock: and he shall laugh at every strong hold, and shall
cast up a mount, and shall take it.
1:11. Then shall his spirit be changed, and he shall pass, and fall:
this is his strength of his god.
Then shall his spirit, etc. . .Viz., the spirit of the king of Babylon.
It alludes to the judgment of God upon Nabuchodonosor, recorded Dan.
4., and to the speedy fall of the Chaldean empire.
1:12. Wast thou not from the beginning, O Lord my God, my holy one, and
we shall not die? Lord, thou hast appointed him for judgment: and made
him strong for correction.
1:13. Thy eyes are too pure to behold evil, and thou canst not look on
iniquity. Why lookest thou upon them that do unjust things, and holdest
thy peace when the wicked devoureth the man that is more just than
1:14. And thou wilt make men as the fishes of the sea, and as the
creeping things that have no ruler.
1:15. He lifted up all them with his hook, he drew them in his drag,
and gathered them into his net: for this he will be glad and rejoice.
1:16. Therefore will he offer victims to his drag, and he will
sacrifice to his net: because through them his portion is made fat, and
his meat dainty.
1:17. For this cause therefore he spreadeth his net, and will not spare
continually to slay the nations.
Habacuc Chapter 2
The prophet is admonished to wait with faith. The enemies of God's
people shall assuredly be punished.
2:1. I will stand upon my watch, and fix my foot upon the tower: and I
will watch, to see what will be said to me, and what I may answer to
him that reproveth me.
Will stand, etc. . .Waiting to see what the Lord will answer to my
complaint, viz., that the Chaldeans, who are worse than the Jews, and
who attribute all their success to their own strength, or to their
idols, should nevertheless prevail over the people of the Lord. The
Lord's answer is, that the prophet must wait with patience and faith:
that all should be set right in due time; and the enemies of God and
his people punished according to their deserts.
2:2. And the Lord answered me, and said: Write the vision, and make it
plain upon tables: that he that readeth it may run over it.
2:3. For as yet the vision is far off, and it shall appear at the end,
and shall not lie: if it make any delay, wait for it: for it shall
surely come, and it shall not be slack.
2:4. Behold, he that is unbelieving, his soul shall not be right in
himself: but the just shall live in his faith.
2:5. And as wine deceiveth him that drinketh it: so shall the proud man
be, and he shall not be honoured: who hath enlarged his desire like
hell: and is himself like death, and he is never satisfied: but will
gather together unto him all nations, and heap together unto him all
As wine deceiveth, etc. . .Viz., by affording only a short passing
pleasure; followed by the evils and disgrace that are the usual
consequences of drunkenness; so shall it be with the proud enemies of
the people of God; whose success affordeth them only a momentary
pleasure, followed by innumerable and everlasting evils.
2:6. Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a dark
speech concerning him: and it shall be said: Woe to him that heapeth
together that which is not his own? how long also doth he load himself
with thick clay?
Thick clay. . .Ill-gotten goods, that, like mire, both burden and defile
2:7. Shall they not rise up suddenly that shall bite thee: and they be
stirred up that shall tear thee, and thou shalt be a spoil to them?
2:8. Because thou hast spoiled many nations, all that shall be left of
the people shall spoil thee: because of men's blood, and for the
iniquity of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
2:9. Woe to him that gathereth together an evil covetousness to his
house, that his nest may be on high, and thinketh he may be delivered
out of the hand of evil.
2:10. Thou hast devised confusion to thy house, thou hast cut off many
people, and thy soul hath sinned.
2:11. For the stone shall cry out of the wall: and the timber that is
between the joints of the building, shall answer.
2:12. Woe to him that buildeth a town with blood, and prepareth a city
2:13. Are not these things from the Lord of hosts? for the people shall
labour in a great fire: and the nations in vain, and they shall faint.
Are not these things, etc. . .That is, shall not these punishments that
are here recorded, come from the Lord upon him that is guilty of such
crimes.--Ibid. The people shall labour, etc. . .Viz., the enemies of
2:14. For the earth shall be filled, that men may know the glory of the
Lord, as waters covering the sea.
2:15. Woe to him that giveth drink to his friend, and presenteth his
gall, and maketh him drunk, that he may behold his nakedness.
2:16. Thou art filled with shame instead of glory: drink thou also, and
fall fast asleep: the cup of the right hand of the Lord shall compass
thee, and shameful vomiting shall be on thy glory.
2:17. For the iniquity of Libanus shall cover thee, and the ravaging of
beasts shall terrify them because of the blood of men, and the iniquity
of the land, and of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
The iniquity of Libanus. . .That is, the iniquity committed by the
Chaldeans against the temple of God, signified here by the name of
2:18. What doth the graven thing avail, because the maker thereof hath
graven it, a molten, and a false image? because the forger thereof hath
trusted in a thing of his own forging, to make dumb idols.
2:19. Woe to him that saith to wood: Awake: to the dumb stone: Arise:
can it teach? Behold, it is laid over with gold, and silver, and there
is no spirit in the bowels thereof.
2:20. But the Lord is in his holy temple: let all the earth keep
silence before him.
Habacuc Chapter 3
3:1. A PRAYER OF HABACUC THE PROPHET FOR IGNORANCES.
For ignorances. . .That is, for the sins of his people. In the Hebrew,
it is Sigionoth: which some take to signify a musical instrument, or
tune; with which this sublime prayer and canticle was to be sung.
3:2. O Lord, I have heard thy hearing, and was afraid. O Lord, thy
work, in the midst of the years bring it to life: In the midst of the
years thou shalt make it known: when thou art angry, thou wilt remember
Thy hearing, etc. . .That is, thy oracles, the great and wonderful
things thou hast revealed to me; and I was struck with a reverential
fear and awe.--Ibid. Thy work. . .The great work of the redemption of
man, which thou wilt bring to life and light in the midst of the years,
when our calamities and miseries shall be at their height.
3:3. God will come from the south, and the holy one from mount Pharan:
His glory covered the heavens, and the earth is full of his praise.
God will come from the south, etc. . .God himself will come to give us
his law, and to conduct us into the true land of promise: as heretofore
he came from the South (in the Hebrew Theman) and from mount Pharan to
give his law to his people in the desert. See Deut. 33.2.
3:4. His brightness shall be as the light: horns are in his hands:
There is his strength hid:
Horns, etc. . .That is, strength and power, which, by a Hebrew phrase,
are called horns. Or beams of light, which come forth from his hands.
Or it may allude to the cross, in the horns of which the hands of
Christ were fastened, where his strength was hidden, by which he
overcame the world, and drove out death and the devil.
3:5. Death shall go before his face. And the devil shall go forth
before his feet.
Death shall go before his face, etc. . .Both death and the devil shall
be the executioners of his justice against his enemies: as they were
heretofore against the Egyptians and Chanaanites.
3:6. He stood and measured the earth. He beheld, and melted the
nations: and the ancient mountains were crushed to pieces. The hills of
the world were bowed down by the journeys of his eternity.
He beheld, etc. . .One look of his eye is enough to melt all the
nations, and to reduce them to nothing. For all heaven and earth
disappear when they come before his light. Apoc. 20.11. Ibid. The
ancient mountains, etc. . .By the mountains and hills are signified the
great ones of the world, that persecute the church, whose power was
quickly crushed by the Almighty.
3:7. I saw the tents of Ethiopia for their iniquity, the curtains of
the land of Madian shall be troubled.
Ethiopia. . .the land of the Blacks, and Madian, are here taken for the
enemies of God and his people: who shall perish for their iniquity.
3:8. Wast thou angry, O Lord, with the rivers? or was thy wrath upon
the rivers? or thy indignation in the sea? Who will ride upon thy
horses: and thy chariots are salvation.
With the rivers, etc. . .He alludes to the wonders wrought heretofore by
the Lord in favour of his people Israel, when the waters of the rivers,
viz., of Arnon and Jordan, and of the Red Sea, retired before their
face: when he came as it were with his horses and chariots to save them
when he took up his bow for their defence, in consequence of the oath
he had made to their tribes: when the mountains trembled, and the deep
stood with its waves raised up in a heap, as with hands lifted up to
heaven: when the sun and the moon stood still at his command, etc., to
comply with his anger, not against the rivers and sea, but against the
enemies of his people. How much more will he do in favour of his Son:
and against the enemies of his church?
3:9. Thou wilt surely take up thy bow: according to the oaths which
thou hast spoken to the tribes. Thou wilt divide the rivers of the
3:10. The mountains saw thee, and were grieved: the great body of
waters passed away. The deep put forth its voice: the deep lifted up
3:11. The sun and the moon stood still in their habitation, in the
light of thy arrows, they shall go in the brightness of thy glittering
3:12. In thy anger thou wilt tread the earth under foot: in thy wrath
thou wilt astonish the nations.
3:13. Thou wentest forth for the salvation of thy people: for salvation
with thy Christ. Thou struckest the head of the house of the wicked:
thou hast laid bare his foundation even to the neck.
The head of the house of the wicked. . .Such was Pharao heretofore: such
shall Antichrist be hereafter.
3:14. Thou hast cursed his sceptres, the head of his warriors, them
that came out as a whirlwind to scatter me. Their joy was like that of
him that devoureth the poor man in secret.
3:15. Thou madest a way in the sea for thy horses, in the mud of many
Thou madest a way in the sea, etc. . .To deliver thy people from the
Egyptian bondage: and thou shalt work the like wonders in the spiritual
way, to rescue the children of the church from their enemies.
3:16. I have heard and my bowels were troubled: my lips trembled at the
voice. Let rottenness enter into my bones, and swarm under me. That I
may rest in the day of tribulation: that I may go up to our people that
I have heard, etc. . .Viz., the evils that are now coming upon the
Israelites for their sins; and that shall come hereafter upon all
impenitent sinners; and the foresight that I have of these miseries
makes me willing to die, that I may be at rest, before this general
tribulation comes, in which all good things shall be withdrawn from the
wicked.--Ibid. That I may go up to our people, etc. . .That I may join
the happy company in the bosom of Abraham, that are girded, that is,
prepared for their journey, by which they shall attend their Lord, when
he shall ascend into heaven. To which high and happy place, my Jesus,
that is, my Saviour, the great conqueror of death and hell, shall one
day conduct me rejoicing and singing psalms of praise, ver. 18 and 19.
3:17. For the fig tree shall not blossom: and there shall be no spring
in the vines. The labour of the olive tree shall fail: and the fields
shall yield no food: the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and
there shall be no herd in the stalls.
3:18. But I will rejoice in the Lord: and I will joy in God my Jesus.
3:19. The Lord God is my strength: and he will make my feet like the
feet of harts: and he the conqueror will lead me upon my high places
THE PROPHECY OF SOPHONIAS
SOPHONIAS, whose name, saith St. Jerome, signifies The Watchman of the
Lord, or The hidden of the Lord, prophesied in the beginning of the
reign of Josias. He was a native of Sarabatha, and of the tribe of
Simeon, according to the more general opinion. He prophesied the
punishments of the Jews, for their idolatry and other crimes; also the
punishments that were to come on divers nations; the coming of Christ,
the conversion of the Gentiles, the blindness of the Jews, and their
conversion towards the end of the world.
Sophonias Chapter 1
For divers enormous sins, the kingdom of Juda is threatened with severe
1:1. The word of the Lord that came to Sophonias the son of Chusi, the
son of Godolias, the son of Amarias, the son of Ezechias, in the days
of Josias, the son of Amon king of Juda.
1:2. Gathering, I will gather together all things from off the face of
the land, saith the Lord:
Gathering, I will gather, etc. . .That is, I will assuredly take away,
and wholly consume, either by captivity, or death, both men and beasts
out of this land.
1:3. I will gather man, and beast, I will gather the birds of the air,
and the fishes of the sea: and the ungodly shall meet with ruin: and I
will destroy men from off the face of the land, saith the Lord.
1:4. And I will stretch out my hand upon Juda, and upon all the
inhabitants of Jerusalem: and I will destroy out of this place the
remnant of Baal, and the names of the wardens of the temples with the
The wardens, etc. . .Viz., of the temples of the idols. AEdituos, in
Hebrew, the Chemarims, that is, such as kindle the fires, or burn
1:5. And them that worship the host of heaven upon the tops of houses,
and them that adore, and swear by the Lord, and swear by Melchom.
Melchom. . .The idol of the Ammonites.
1:6. And them that turn away from following after the Lord, and that
have not sought the Lord, nor searched after him.
1:7. Be silent before the face of the Lord God: for the day of the Lord
is near, for the Lord hath prepared a victim, he hath sanctified his
1:8. And it shall come to pass in the day of the victim of the Lord,
that I will visit upon the princes, and upon the king's sons, and upon
all such as are clothed with strange apparel:
1:9. And I will visit in that day upon every one that entereth
arrogantly over the threshold: them that fill the house of the Lord
their God with iniquity and deceit.
1:10. And there shall be in that day, saith the Lord, the noise of a
cry from the fish gate, and a howling from the Second, and a great
destruction from the hills.
The Second. . .A part of the city so called.
1:11. Howl, ye inhabitants of the Morter. All the people of Chanaan is
hush, all are cut off that were wrapped up in silver.
The Morter. . .Maktesh. A valley in or near Jerusalem. Ibid. The
people of Chanaan. . .So he calls the Jews, from their following the
wicked ways of the Chanaanites.
1:12. And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search
Jerusalem with lamps, and will visit upon the men that are settled on
their lees: that say in their hearts: The Lord will not do good, nor
will he do evil.
Settled on their lees. . .That is, the wealthy, and such as live at
their ease, resting upon their riches, like wine upon the lees.
1:13. And their strength shall become a booty, and their houses as a
desert: and they shall build houses, and shall not dwell in them: and
they shall plant vineyards, and shall not drink the wine of them.
1:14. The great day of the Lord is near, it is near and exceeding
swift: the voice of the day of the Lord is bitter, the mighty man shall
there meet with tribulation.
1:15. That day is a day of wrath, a day of tribulation and distress, a
day of calamity and misery, a day of darkness and obscurity, a day of
clouds and whirlwinds,
1:16. A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and
against the high bulwarks.
1:17. And I will distress men, and they shall walk like blind men,
because they have sinned against the Lord: and their blood shall be
poured out as earth, and their bodies as dung.
1:18. Neither shall their silver and their gold be able to deliver them
in the day of the wrath of the Lord: all the land shall be devoured by
the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy destruction
of all them that dwell in the land.
Sophonias Chapter 2
An exhortation to repentance. The judgment of the Philistines, of the
Moabites, and the Ammonites; of the Ethiopians and the Assyrians.
2:1.Assemble yourselves together, be gathered together, O nation not
worthy to be loved:
2:2. Before the decree bring forth the day as dust passing away, before
the fierce anger of the Lord come upon you, before the day of the
Lord's indignation come upon you.
2:3. Seek the Lord, all ye meek of the earth, you that have wrought his