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The Holy Bible

Part 17 out of 29

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48:9. Give a flower to Moab, for in its flower it shall go out: and the
cities thereof shall be desolate, and uninhabited.

48:10. Cursed be he that doth the work of the Lord deceitfully: and
cursed be he that withholdeth his sword from blood.

Deceitfully. . .In the Greek, negligently. The work of God here spoken
of, is the punishment of the Moabites.

48:11. Moab hath been fruitful from his youth, and hath rested upon his
lees: and hath not been poured out from vessel to vessel, nor hath gone
into captivity: therefore his taste hath remained in him, and his scent
is not changed.

Moab hath been fruitful. . .That is, rich and flourishing. And hath
rested upon his lees. . .That is, remained in its bad morals; as wine
not decanted has its lees mixed and remains muddy.

48:12. Therefore behold the days come, saith the Lord, and I will send
him men that shall order and overturn his bottles, and they shall cast
him down, and shall empty his vessels, and break their bottles one
against another.

48:13. And Moab shall be ashamed of Chamos, as the house of Israel was
ashamed of Bethel, in which they trusted.

Of Bethel. . .That is, of their golden calf which they worshipped in

48:14. How do you say: We are valiant and stout men in battle?

48:15. Moab is laid waste, and they have cast down her cities: and her
choice young men are gone down to the slaughter: saith the king, whose
name is the Lord of hosts.

48:16. The destruction of Moab is near to come: the calamity thereof
shall come on exceeding swiftly.

48:17. Comfort him, all you that are round about him, and all you that
know his name, say: How is the strong staff broken, the beautiful rod?

48:18. Come down from thy glory, and sit in thirst, O dwelling of the
daughter of Dibon: because the spoiler of Moab is come up to thee, he
hath destroyed thy bulwarks.

48:19. Stand in the way, and look out, O habitation of Aroer: inquire
of him that fleeth: and say to him that hath escaped: What is done?

48:20. Moab is confounded, because he is overthrown: howl ye, and cry,
tell ye it in Arnon, that Moab is wasted.

48:21. And judgment is come upon the plain country: upon Helon, and
upon Jasa, and upon Mephaath.

48:22. And upon Dibon, and upon Nabo, and upon the house of Deblathaim,

48:23. And upon Cariathaim, and upon Bethgamul, and upon Bethmaon,

48:24. And upon Carioth, and upon Bosra: and upon all the cities of the
land of Moab, far or near.

48:25. The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the

The horn of Moab is cut off. . .That is, the strength of Moab is cut
off. A metaphor drawn from animals whose strength is in their horns.

48:26. Make him drunk, because he lifted up himself against the Lord:
and Moab shall dash his hand in his own vomit, and he also shall be in

48:27. For Israel hath been a derision unto them: as though thou hadst
found him amongst thieves: for thy words therefore, which thou hast
spoken against him, thou shalt be led away captive.

48:28. Leave the cities, and dwell in the rock, you that dwell in Moab:
and be ye like the dove that maketh her nest in the mouth of the hole
in the highest place.

48:29. We have heard the pride of Moab, he is exceeding proud: his
haughtiness, and his arrogancy, and his pride, and the loftiness of his

48:30. I know, saith the Lord, his boasting, and that the strength
thereof is not according to it, neither hath it endeavoured to do
according as it was able.

48:31. Therefore will I lament for Moab, and I will cry out to all
Moab, for the men of the brick wall that mourn.

48:32. O vineyard of Sabama, I will weep for thee, with the mourning of
Jazer: thy branches are gone over the sea, they are come even to the
sea of Jazer: the robber hath rushed in upon thy harvest and thy

48:33. Joy and gladness is taken away from Carmel, and from the land of
Moab, and I have taken away the wine out of the presses: the treader of
the grapes shall not sing the accustomed cheerful tune.

48:34. From the cry of Hesebon even to Eleale, and to Jasa, they have
uttered their voice: from Segor to Oronaim, as a heifer of three years
old: the waters also of Nemrim shall be very bad.

48:35. And I will take away from Moab, saith the Lord, him that
offereth in the high places, and that sacrificeth to his gods.

48:36. Therefore my heart shall sound for Moab like pipes and my heart
shall sound like pipes for the men of the brick wall: because he hath
done more than he could, therefore they have perished.

48:37. For every head shall be bald, and every beard shall be shaven:
all hands shall be tied together, and upon every back there shall be

48:38. Upon all the housetops of Moab, and in the streets thereof
general mourning: because I have broken Moab as an useless vessel,
saith the Lord.

48:39. How is it overthrown, and they have howled! How hath Moab bowed
down the neck, and is confounded! And Moab shall be a derision, and an
example to all round about him.

48:40. Thus saith the Lord: Behold he shall fly as an eagle, and shall
stretch forth his wings to Moab.

48:41. Carioth is taken, and the strongholds are won: and the heart of
the valiant men of Moab in that day shall be as the heart of a woman in

48:42. And Moab shall cease to be a people: because he hath gloried
against the Lord.

48:43. Fear, and the pit, and the snare come upon thee, O inhabitant of
Moab, saith the Lord.

Fear. . .That is, the sword of the enemy. The pit. . .That is,
unforeseen calamities. The snare. . .That is, the ambushes laid by the

48:44. He that shall flee from the fear, shall fall into the pit: and
he that shall get up out of the pit, shall be taken in the snare: for I
will bring upon Moab the year of their visitation, saith the Lord.

48:45. They that fled from the snare stood in the shadow of Hesebon:
but there came a fire out of Hesebon, and a flame out of the midst of
Seon, and it shall devour part of Moab, and the crown of the head of
the children of tumult.

48:46. Woe to thee, Moab, thou hast persisted, O people of Chamos: for
thy sons, and thy daughters are taken captives.

48:47. And I will bring back the captivity of Moab in the last days,
saith the Lord. Hitherto the judgments of Moab.

Jeremias Chapter 49

The like desolation of Ammon, of Idumea, of the Syrians, of the
Agarenes, and of the Elamites.

49:1. Against the children of Ammon. Thus saith the Lord: Hath Israel
no sons? or hath he no heir? Why then hath Melchom inherited Gad: and
his people dwelt in his cities?

Melchom. . .The idol of the Ammonites.

49:2. Therefore behold the days come, saith the Lord, and I will cause
the noise of war to be heard in Rabbath of the children of Ammon, and
it shall be destroyed into a heap, and her daughters shall be burnt
with fire, and Israel shall possess them that have possessed him, saith
the Lord.

49:3. Howl, O Hesebon, for Hai is wasted. Cry, ye daughters of Rabbath,
gird yourselves with haircloth: mourn and go about by the hedges: for
Melchom shall be carried into captivity, his priests, and his princes

49:4. Why gloriest thou in the valleys? thy valley hath flowed away, O
delicate daughter, that hast trusted in thy treasures, and hast said:
Who shall come to me?

49:5. Behold I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord God of
hosts, from all that are round about thee: and you shall be scattered
every one out of one another's sight, neither shall there be any to
gather together them that flee.

49:6. And afterwards I will cause the captives of the children of Ammon
to return, saith the Lord.

49:7. Against Edom. Thus saith the Lord of hosts: Is wisdom no more in
Theman? counsel is perished from her children: their wisdom is become

49:8. Flee and turn your backs, go down into the deep hole, ye
inhabitants of Dedan: for I have brought the destruction of Esau upon
him, the time of his visitation.

49:9. If grapegatherers had come to thee, would they not have left a
bunch? if thieves in the night, they would have taken what was enough
for them.

49:10. But I have made Esau bare, I have revealed his secrets, and he
cannot be hid: his seed is laid waste, and his brethren, and his
neighbours, and he shall not be.

49:11. Leave thy fatherless children: I will make them live: and thy
widows shall hope in me.

49:12. For thus saith the Lord: Behold they whose judgment was not to
drink of the cup, shall certainly drink: and shalt thou come off as
innocent? thou shalt not come off as innocent, but drinking thou shalt

49:13. For I have sworn by myself, saith the Lord, that Bosra shall
become a desolation, and a reproach, and a desert, and a curse: and all
her cities shall be everlasting wastes.

49:14. I have heard a rumour from the Lord, and an ambassador is sent
to the nations: Gather yourselves together, and come against her, and
let us rise up to battle.

49:15. For behold I have made thee a little one among the nations,
despicable among men.

49:16. Thy arrogancy hath deceived thee, and the pride of thy heart: O
thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, and endeavourest to lay
hold on the height of the hill: but though thou shouldst make thy nest
as high as an eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the

49:17. And Edom shall be desolate: every one that shall pass by it,
shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all its plagues.

49:18. As Sodom was overthrown and Gomorrha, and the neighbours
thereof, saith the Lord: there shall not a man dwell there, and there
shall no son of man inhabit it.

49:19. Behold one shall come up as a lion from the swelling of the
Jordan, against the strong and beautiful: for I will make him run
suddenly upon her: and who shall be the chosen one whom I may appoint
over her? for who is like to me? and who shall abide me? and who is
that shepherd that can withstand my countenance?

49:20. Therefore hear ye the counsel of the Lord, which he hath taken
concerning Edom: and his thoughts which he hath thought concerning the
inhabitants of Theman: surely the little ones of the flock shall cast
them down, of a truth they shall destroy them with their habitation.

49:21. The earth is moved at the noise of their fall: the cry of their
voice is heard in the Red Sea.

49:22. Behold he shall come up as an eagle, and fly: and he shall
spread his wings over Bosra: and in that day the heart of the valiant
ones of Edom shall be as the heart of a woman in labour.

49:23. Against Damascus. Emath is confounded and Arphad: for they have
heard very bad tidings, they are troubled as in the sea: through care
they could not rest.

49:24. Damascus is undone, she is put to flight, trembling hath seized
on her: anguish and sorrows have taken her as a woman in labour.

49:25. How have they forsaken the city of renown, the city of joy!

49:26. Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets: and all the
men of war shall be silent in that day, saith the Lord of hosts.

49:27. And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall
devour the strong holds of Benadad.

49:28. Against Cedar and against the kingdoms of Asor, which
Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon destroyed. Thus saith the Lord: Arise,
and go ye up to Cedar, and waste the children of the east.

Cedar and Asor. . .Were parts of Arabia; which with Moab, Ammon, Edom,
etc., were all brought under the yoke of Nabuchodonosor.

49:29. They shall take their tents, and their flocks: and shall carry
off for themselves their curtains, and all their vessels, and their
camels: and they shall call fear upon them round about.

49:30. Flee ye, get away speedily, sit in deep holes, you that inhabit
Asor, saith the Lord: for Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon hath taken
counsel against you, and hath conceived designs against you.

49:31. Arise, and go up to a nation that is at ease, and that dwelleth
securely, saith the Lord: they have neither gates, nor bars: they dwell

49:32. And their camels shall be for a spoil and the multitude of their
cattle for a booty, and I will scatter into every wind them that have
their hair cut round, and I will bring destruction upon them from all
their confines, saith the Lord.

49:33. And Asor shall be a habitation for dragons, desolate for ever:
no man shall abide there, nor son of man inhabit it.

49:34. The word of the Lord that came to Jeremias the prophet against
Elam, in the beginning of the reign of Sedecias king of Juda, saying:

Elam. . .A part of Persia.

49:35. Thus saith the Lord of hosts: Behold I will break the bow of
Elam, and their chief strength.

49:36. And I will bring upon Elam the four winds from the four quarters
of heaven: and I will scatter them into all these winds: and there
shall be no nation, to which the fugitives of Elam shall not come.

49:37. And I will cause Elam to be afraid before their enemies, and in
the sight of them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon
them, my fierce wrath, saith the Lord: and I will send the sword after
them, till I consume them.

49:38. And I will set my throne in Elam, and destroy kings and princes
from thence, saith the Lord.

49:39. But in the latter days I will cause the captives of Elam, to
return, saith the Lord.

Jeremias Chapter 50

Babylon, which hath afflicted the Israelites, after their restoration,
shall be utterly destroyed.

50:1. The word that the Lord hath spoken against Babylon, and against
the land of the Chaldeans in the hand of Jeremias the prophet.

50:2. Declare ye among the nations, and publish it, lift up a standard:
proclaim, and conceal it not: say: Babylon is taken, Bel is confounded,
Merodach is overthrown, their graven things are confounded, their idols
are overthrown.

Bel, etc. . .Bel and Merodach were worshipped for gods by the men of

50:3. For a nation is come up against her out of the north, which shall
make her land desolate: and there shall be none to dwell therein, from
man even to beast: yea they are removed, and gone away.

A nation, etc. . .Viz., the Medes.

50:4. In those days, and at that time, saith the Lord, the children of
Israel shall come, they and the children of Juda together: going and
weeping they shall make haste, and shall seek the Lord their God.

50:5. They shall ask the way to Sion, their faces are hitherward. They
shall come, and shall be joined to the Lord by an everlasting covenant,
which shall never be forgotten.

50:6. My people have been a lost flock, their shepherds have caused
them to go astray, and have made them wander in the mountains: they
have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their resting

50:7. All that found them, have devoured them: and their enemies said:
We have not sinned in so doing: because they have sinned against the
Lord the beauty of justice, and against the Lord the hope of their

50:8. Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land
of the Chaldeans: and be ye as kids at the head of the flock.

50:9. For behold I raise up, and will bring against Babylon an assembly
of great nations from the land of the north: and they shall be prepared
against her, and from thence she shall be taken: their arrows, like
those of a mighty man, a destroyer, shall not return in vain.

50:10. And Chaldea shall be made a prey: all that waste her shall be
filled, saith the Lord.

50:11. Because you rejoice, and speak great things, pillaging my
inheritance: because you are spread abroad as calves upon the grass,
and have bellowed as bulls.

50:12. Your mother is confounded exceedingly, and she that bore you is
made even with the dust: behold she shall be the last among the
nations, a wilderness unpassable, and dry.

50:13. Because of the wrath of the Lord it shall not be inhabited, but
shall be wholly desolate: every one that shall pass by Babylon, shall
be astonished, and shall hiss at all her plagues.

50:14. Prepare yourselves against Babylon round about, all you that
bend the bow: fight against her, spare not arrows: because she hath
sinned against the Lord.

50:15. Shout against her, she hath every where given her hand, her
foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down, for it is the
vengeance of the Lord. Take vengeance upon her: as she hath done, so do
to her.

50:16. Destroy the sower out of Babylon, and him that holdeth the
sickle in the time of harvest: for fear of the sword of the dove every
man shall return to his people, and every one shall flee to his own

The dove. . .Or the destroyer; for the Hebrew word signifies either the
one or the other.

50:17. Israel is a scattered flock, the lions have driven him away:
first the king of Assyria devoured him: and last this Nabuchodonosor
king of Babylon hath broken his bones.

50:18. Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel: Behold
I will visit the king of Babylon and his land, as I have visited the
king of Assyria.

50:19. And I will bring Israel again to his habitation: and he shall
feed on Carmel, and Bason, and his soul shall be satisfied in mount
Ephraim, and Galaad.

50:20. In those days, and at that time, saith the Lord, the iniquity of
Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none: and the sin of
Juda, and there shall none be found: for I will be merciful to them,
whom I shall leave.

50:21. Go up against the land of the rulers, and punish the inhabitants
thereof, waste, and destroy all behind them, saith the Lord: and do
according to all that I have commanded thee.

50:22. A noise of war in the land, and a great destruction.

50:23. How is the hammer of the whole earth broken, and destroyed! how
is Babylon turned into a desert among the nations!

50:24. I have caused thee to fall into a snare, and thou art taken, O
Babylon, and thou wast not aware of it: thou art found and caught,
because thou hast provoked the Lord.

50:25. The Lord hath opened his armoury, and hath brought forth the
weapons of his wrath: for the Lord the God of hosts hath a work to be
done in the land of the Chaldeans.

50:26. Come ye against her from the uttermost borders: open that they
may go forth that shall tread her down: take the stones out of the way,
and make heaps, and destroy her: and let nothing of her be left.

50:27. Destroy all her valiant men, let them go down to the slaughter:
woe to them, for their day is come, the time of their visitation.

50:28. The voice of them that flee, and of them that have escaped out
of the land of Babylon: to declare in Sion the revenge of the Lord our
God, the revenge of his temple.

50:29. Declare to many against Babylon, to all that bend the bow: stand
together against her round about, and let none escape; pay her
according to her work: according to all that she hath done, do ye to
her: for she hath lifted up herself against the Lord, against the Holy
One of Israel.

50:30. Therefore shall her young men fall in her streets: and all her
men of war shall hold their peace in that day, saith the Lord.

50:31. Behold I come against thee, O proud one, saith the Lord the God
of hosts: for thy day is come, the time of thy visitation.

50:32. And the proud one shall fall, he shall fall down, and there
shall be none to lift him up: and I will kindle a fire in his cities,
and it shall devour all round about him.

50:33. Thus saith the Lord of hosts: The children of Israel, and the
children of Juda are oppressed together: all that have taken them
captives, hold them fast, they will not let them go.

50:34. Their redeemer is strong, the Lord of hosts is his name: he will
defend their cause in judgment, to terrify the land, and to disquiet
the inhabitants of Babylon.

50:35. A sword is upon the Chaldeans, saith the Lord, and upon the
inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her princes, and upon her wise men.

50:36. A sword upon her diviners, and they shall be foolish: a sword
upon her valiant ones, and they shall be dismayed.

50:37. A sword upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all
the people that are in the midst of her: and they shall become as
women: a sword upon her treasures, and they shall be made a spoil.

50:38. A drought upon her waters, and they shall be dried up: because
it is a land of idols, and they glory in monstrous things.

50:39. Therefore shall dragons dwell there with the fig fauns: and
ostriches shall dwell therein, and it shall be no more inhabited for
ever, neither shall it be built up from generation to generation.

Fig fauns. . .Monsters of the desert, or demons in monstrous shapes:
such as the ancients called fauns and satyrs; and as they imagined them
to live upon wild figs, they called them fauni ficarii or fig fauns.

50:40. As the Lord overthrew Sodom and Gomorrha, and their neighbour
cities, saith the Lord: no man shall dwell there, neither shall the son
of man inhabit it.

50:41. Behold a people cometh from the north, and a great nation, and
many kings shall rise from the ends of the earth.

50:42. They shall take the bow and the shield: they are cruel and
unmerciful: their voice shall roar like the sea, and they shall ride
upon horses: like a man prepared for battle against thee, O daughter of

50:43. The king of Babylon hath heard the report of them, and his hands
are grown feeble: anguish hath taken hold of him, pangs as a woman in

50:44. Behold he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of the
Jordan to the strong and beautiful: for I will make him run suddenly
upon her: and who shall be the chosen one whom I may appoint over her?
for who is like to me? and who shall bear up against me? and who is
that shepherd that can withstand my countenance?

50:45. Therefore hear ye the counsel of the Lord, which he hath taken
against Babylon: and his thoughts which he hath thought against the
land of the Chaldeans: surely the little ones of the flocks shall pull
them down, of a truth their habitation shall be destroyed with them.

50:46. At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and
the cry is heard amongst the nations.

Jeremias Chapter 51

The miseries that shall fall upon Babylon from the Medes: the
destruction of her idols.

51:1. Thus saith the Lord: Behold I will raise up as it were a
pestilential wind against Babylon and against the inhabitants thereof,
who have lifted up their heart against me.

51:2. And I will send to Babylon fanners, and they shall fan her, and
shall destroy her land: for they are come upon her on every side in the
day of her affliction.

51:3. Let not him that bendeth, bend his bow, and let not him go up
that is armed with a coat of mail: spare not her young men, destroy all
her army.

51:4. And the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, and the
wounded in the regions thereof.

51:5. For Israel and Juda have not been forsaken by their God the Lord
of hosts: but their land hath been filled with sin against the Holy One
of Israel.

51:6. Flee ye from the midst of Babylon, and let every one save his own
life: be not silent upon her iniquity: for it is the time of revenge
from the Lord, he will render unto her what she hath deserved.

51:7. Babylon hath been a golden cup in the hand of the Lord, that made
all the earth drunk: the nations have drunk of her wine, and therefore
they have staggered.

51:8. Babylon is suddenly fallen, and destroyed: howl for her, take
balm for her pain, if so she may be healed.

51:9. We would have cured Babylon, but she is not healed: let us
forsake her, and let us go every man to his own land: because her
judgment hath reached even to the heavens, and is lifted up to the

51:10. The Lord hath brought forth our justices: Come, and let us
declare in Sion the work of the Lord our God.

51:11. Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers, the Lord hath raised up
the spirit of the kings of the Medes: and his mind is against Babylon
to destroy it, because it is the vengeance of the Lord, the vengeance
of his temple.

51:12. Upon the walls of Babylon set up the standard, strengthen the
watch: set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for the Lord hath
both purposed, and done all that he spoke against the inhabitants of

51:13. O thou that dwellest upon many waters, rich in treasures, thy
end is come for thy entire destruction.

51:14. The Lord of hosts hath sworn by himself, saying: I will fill
thee with men as with locusts, and they shall lift up a joyful shout
against thee.

51:15. He that made the earth by his power, that hath prepared the
world by his wisdom, and stretched out the heavens by his

51:16. When he uttereth his voice the waters are multiplied in heaven:
he lifteth up the clouds from the ends of the earth, he hath turned
lightning into rain: and hath brought forth the wind out of his

51:17. Every man is become foolish by his knowledge: every founder is
confounded by his idol, for what he hath cast is a lie, and there is no
breath in them.

51:18. They are vain works, and worthy to be laughed at, in the time of
their visitation they shall perish.

51:19. The portion of Jacob is not like them: for he that made all
things he it is, and Israel is the sceptre of his inheritance: the Lord
of hosts is his name.

51:20. Thou dashest together for me the weapons of war, and with thee I
will dash nations together, and with thee I will destroy kingdoms:

51:21. And with thee I will break in pieces the horse, and his rider,
and with thee I will break in pieces the chariot, and him that getteth
up into it:

51:22. And with thee I will break in pieces man and woman, and with
thee I will break in pieces the old man and the child, and with thee I
will break in pieces the young man and the virgin:

51:23. And with thee I will break in pieces the shepherd and his flock,
and with thee I will break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of
oxen, and with thee I will break in pieces captains and rulers.

51:24. And I will render to Babylon, and to all the inhabitants of
Chaldea all their evil, that they have done in Sion, before your eyes,
saith the Lord.

51:25. Behold I come against thee, thou destroying mountain, saith the
Lord, which corruptest the whole earth: and I will stretch out my hand
upon thee, and will roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a
burnt mountain.

51:26. And they shall not take of thee a stone for the corner, nor a
stone for foundations, but thou shalt be destroyed for ever, saith the

51:27. Set ye up a standard in the land: sound with the trumpet among
the nations: prepare the nations against her: call together against her
the kings of Ararat, Menni, and Ascenez: number Taphsar against her,
bring the horse as the stinging locust.

51:28. Prepare the nations against her, the kings of Media, their
captains, and all their rulers, and all the land of their dominion.

51:29. And the land shall be in a commotion, and shall be troubled: for
the design of the Lord against Babylon shall awake, to make the land of
Babylon desert and uninhabitable.

51:30. The valiant men of Babylon have forborne to fight, they have
dwelt in holds: their strength hath failed, and they are become as
women: her dwelling places are burnt, her bars are broken.

51:31. One running post shall meet another, and messenger shall meet
messenger: to tell the king of Babylon that his city is taken from one
end to the other:

51:32. And that the fords are taken, and the marshes are burnt with
fire, and the men of war are affrighted.

51:33. For thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel: The daughter
of Babylon is like a thrashingfloor, this is the time of her thrashing:
yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.

51:34. Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon hath eaten me up, he hath
devoured me: he hath made me as an empty vessel: he hath swallowed me
up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicate meats, and
he hath cast me out.

51:35. The wrong done to me, and my flesh be upon Babylon, saith the
habitation of Sion: and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, saith

51:36. Therefore thus saith the Lord: Behold I will judge thy cause,
and will take vengeance for thee, and I will make her sea desolate, I
and will dry up her spring.

51:37. And Babylon shall be reduced to heaps, a dwelling place for
dragons, an astonishment and a hissing, because there is no inhabitant.

51:38. They shall roar together like lions, they shall shake their
manes like young lions.

51:39. In their heat I will set them drink: and I will make them drunk,
that they may slumber, and sleep an everlasting sleep, and awake no
more, saith the Lord.

51:40. I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, and like
rams with kids.

51:41. How is Sesach taken, and the renowned one of all the earth
surprised? How is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations?

51:42. The sea is come up over Babylon : she is covered with the
multitude of the waves thereof.

51:43. Her cities are become an astonishment, a land uninhabited and
desolate, a land wherein none can dwell, nor son of man pass through

51:44. And I will visit against Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth
out of his mouth that which he had swallowed down: and the nations
shall no more flow together to him, for the wall also of Babylon shall

51:45. Go out of the midst of her, my people: that every man may save
his life from the fierce wrath of the Lord.

51:46. And lest your hearts faint, and ye fear for the rumour that
shall be heard in the land: and a rumour shall come in one year, and
after this year another rumour: and iniquity in the land, and ruler
upon ruler.

51:47. Therefore behold the days come, and I will visit the idols of
Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain
shall fall in the midst of her.

51:48. And the heavens and the earth, and all things that are in them
shall give praise for Babylon: for spoilers shall come to her from the
north, saith the Lord.

51:49. And as Babylon caused that there should fall slain in Israel: so
of Babylon there shall fall slain in all the earth.

51:50. You that have escaped the sword, come away, stand not still:
remember the Lord afar off, and let Jerusalem come into your mind.

51:51. We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath
covered our faces: because strangers are come upon the sanctuaries of
the house of the Lord.

51:52. Therefore behold the days come, saith the Lord, and I will visit
her graven things, and in all her land the wounded shall groan:

51:53. If Babylon should mount up to heaven, and establish her strength
on high: from me there should come spoilers upon her, saith the Lord.

51:54. The noise of a cry from Babylon, and great destruction from the
land of the Chaldeans:

51:55. Because the Lord hath laid Babylon waste, and destroyed out of
her the great voice: and their wave shall roar like many waters: their
voice hath made a noise:

51:56. Because the spoiler is come upon her, that is, upon Babylon, and
her valiant men are taken, and their bow is weakened, because the Lord,
who is a strong revenger, will surely repay.

51:57. And I will make her princes drunk, and her wise men, and her
captains, and her rulers, and her valiant men: and they shall sleep an
everlasting sleep, and shall awake no more, saith the king whose name
is Lord of hosts.

51:58. Thus saith the Lord of hosts: That broad wall of Babylon shall
be utterly broken down, and her high gates shall be burnt with fire,
and the labours of the people shall come to nothing, and of the nations
shall go to the fire, and shall perish.

51:59. The word that Jeremias the prophet commanded Saraias the son of
Nerias, the son of Maasias, when he went with king Sedecias to Babylon,
in the fourth year of his reign: now Saraias was chief over the

51:60. And Jeremias wrote in one book all the evil that was to come
upon Babylon: all these words that are written against Babylon.

51:61. And Jeremias said to Saraias: When thou shalt come into Babylon,
and shalt see, and shalt read all these words,

51:62. Thou shalt say: O Lord, thou hast spoken against this place to
destroy it: so that there should be neither man nor beast to dwell
therein, and that it should be desolate for ever.

51:63. And when thou shalt have made an end of reading this book, thou
shalt tie a stone to it, and shalt throw it into the midst of the

51:64. And thou shalt say: Thus shall Babylon sink, and she shall not
rise up from the affliction that I will bring upon her, and she shall
be utterly destroyed. Thus far are the words of Jeremias.

Jeremias Chapter 52

A recapitulation of the reign of Sedecias, and the destruction of
Jerusalem. The number of the captives.

52:1. Sedecias was one and twenty years old when he began to reign: and
he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and the name of his mother was
Amital, the daughter of Jeremias of Lobna.

52:2. And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the Lord, according
to all that Joakim had done.

52:3. For the wrath of the Lord was against Jerusalem, and against
Juda, till he cast them out from his presence: and Sedecias revolted
from the king of Babylon.

52:4. And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth
month, the tenth day of the month, that Nabuchodonosor the king of
Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and they besieged
it, and built forts against it round about.

52:5. And the city was besieged until the eleventh year of king

52:6. And in the fourth month, the ninth day of the month, a famine
overpowered the city: and there was no food for the people of the land.

52:7. And the city was broken up, and the men of war fled, and went out
of the city in the night by the way of the gate that is between the two
walls, and leadeth to the king's garden, (the Chaldeans besieging the
city round about,) and they went by the way that leadeth to the

52:8. But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king: and they
overtook Sedecias in the desert which is near Jericho: and all his
companions were scattered from him.

52:9. And when they had taken the king, they carried him to the king of
Babylon to Reblatha, which is in the land of Emath: and he gave
judgment upon him.

52:10. And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Sedecias before his
eyes: and he slew all the princes of Juda in Reblatha.

52:11. And he put out the eyes of Sedecias, and bound him with fetters,
and the king of Babylon brought him into Babylon, and he put him in
prison till the day of his death.

52:12. And in the fifth month, the tenth day of the month, the same is
the nineteenth year of Nabuchodonosor, king of Babylon, came Nabuzardan
the general of the army, who stood before the king of Babylon in

52:13. And he burnt the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and
all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great house he burnt with fire.

52:14. And all the army of the Chaldeans that were with the general
broke down all the wall of Jerusalem round about.

52:15. But Nabuzardan the general carried away captives some of the
poor people, and of the rest of the common sort who remained in the
city, and of the fugitives that were fled over to the king of Babylon,
and the rest of the multitude.

52:16. But of the poor of the land, Nabuzardan the general left some
for vinedressers, and for husbandmen.

52:17. The Chaldeans also broke in pieces the brazen pillars that were
in the house of the Lord, and the bases, and the sea of brass that was
in the house of the Lord: and they carried all the brass of them to

52:18. And they took the caldrons, and the fleshhooks, and the
psalteries, and the bowls, and the little mortars, and all the brazen
vessels that had been used in the ministry: and

52:19. The general took away the pitchers, and the censers, and the
pots, and the basins, and the candlesticks, and the mortars, and the
cups: as many as were of gold, in gold: and as many as were of silver,
in silver:

52:20. And the two pillars, and one sea, and twelve oxen of brass that
were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the
Lord: there was no weight of the brass of all these vessels.

52:21. And concerning the pillars, one pillar was eighteen cubits high:
and a cord of twelve cubits compassed it about: but the thickness
thereof was four fingers, and it was hollow within.

52:22. And chapiters of brass were upon both: and the height of one
chapiter was five cubits: and network, and pomegranates were upon the
chapiters round about, all of brass. The same of the second pillar, and
the pomegranates.

52:23. And there were ninety-six pomegranates hanging down: and the
pomegranates being a hundred in all, were compassed with network.

52:24. And the general took Saraias the chief priest, and Sophonias the
second priest, and the three keepers of the entry.

52:25. He also took out of the city one eunuch that was chief over the
men of war: and seven men of them that were near the king's person,
that were found in the city: and a scribe, an officer of the army who
exercised the young soldiers: and threescore men of the people of the
land, that were found in the midst of the city.

52:26. And Nabuzardan the general took them, and brought them to the
king of Babylon, to Reblatha.

52:27. And the king of Babylon struck them, and put them to death in
Reblatha, in the land of Emath: and Juda was carried away captive out
of his land.

52:28. This is the people whom Nabuchodonosor carried away captive: in
the seventh year, three thousand and twenty-three Jews.

52:29. In the eighteenth year of Nabuchodonosor, eight hundred and
thirty-two souls from Jerusalem.

52:30. In the three and twentieth year of Nabuchodonosor, Nabuzardan
the general carried away of the Jews seven hundred and forty-five
souls. So all the souls were four thousand six hundred.

52:31. And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the
captivity of Joachin king of Juda, in the twelfth month, the five and
twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon, in the
first year of his reign, lifted up the head of Joachin king of Juda,
and brought him forth out of prison.

52:32. And he spoke kindly to him, and he set his throne above the
thrones of the kings that were with him in Babylon.

52:33. And he changed his prison garments, and he ate bread before him
always all the days of his life.

52:34. And for his diet a continual provision was allowed him by the
king of Babylon, every day a portion, until the day of his death, all
the days of his life.


In these JEREMIAS laments in a most pathetical manner the miseries of
his people, and the destruction of JERUSALEM and the temple, in Hebrew
verses, beginning with different letters according to the order of the
Hebrew alphabet.

Lamentations Chapter 1

PREFACE: And it came to pass, after Israel was carried into captivity,
and Jerusalem was desolate, that Jeremias the prophet sat weeping, and
mourned with this lamentation over Jerusalem, and with a sorrowful
mind, sighing and moaning, he said:

And it came to pass, etc. . .This preface was not written by Jeremias,
but was added by the seventy interpreters, to give the reader to
understand upon what occasion the Lamentations were published.

1:1. Aleph. How doth the city sit solitary that was full of people! how
is the mistress of the Gentiles become as a widow: the princes of
provinces made tributary!

1:2. Beth. Weeping, she hath wept in the night, and her tears are on
her cheeks: there is none to comfort her among all them that were dear
to her: all her friends have despised her, and are become her enemies.

1:3. Ghimel. Juda hath removed her dwelling place, because of her
affliction, and the greatness of her bondage; she hath dwelt among the
nations, and she hath found no rest; all her persecutors have taken her
in the midst of straits.

1:4. Daleth. The ways of Sion mourn, because there are none that come
to the solemn feast: all her gates are broken down; her priests sigh;
her virgins are in affliction; and she is oppressed with bitterness.

1:5. He. Her adversaries are become her lords; her enemies are
enriched; because the Lord hath spoken against her for the multitude of
her iniquities; her children are led into captivity, before the face of
the oppressor.

1:6. Vau. And from the daughter of Sion, all her beauty is departed;
her princes are become like rams that find no pastures; and they are
gone away without strength before the face of the pursuer.

1:7. Zain. Jerusalem hath remembered the days of her affliction, and
prevarication of all her desirable things which she had from the days
of old, when her people fell in the enemy's hand, and there was no
helper; the enemies have seen her, and have mocked at her sabbaths.

1:8. Heth. Jerusalem hath grievously sinned, therefore is she become
unstable; all that honoured her, have despised her, because they have
seen her shame; but she sighed, and turned backward.

1:9. Teth. Her filthiness is on her feet, and she hath not remembered
her end; she is wonderfully cast down, not having a comforter: behold,
O Lord, my affliction, because the enemy is lifted up.

1:10. Jod. The enemy hath put out his hand to all her desirable things:
for she hath seen the Gentiles enter into her sanctuary, of whom thou
gavest commandment that they should not enter into thy church.

1:11. Caph. All her people sigh, they seek bread: they have given all
their precious things for food to relieve the soul: see, O Lord, and
consider, for I am become vile.

1:12. Lamed. O all ye that pass by the way, attend, and see if there be
any sorrow like to my sorrow: for he hath made a vintage of me, as the
Lord spoke in the day of his fierce anger.

1:13. Mem. From above he hath sent fire into my bones, and hath
chastised me: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back:
he hath made me desolate, wasted with sorrow all the day long.

1:14. Nun. The yoke of my iniquities hath watched: they are folded
together in his hand, and put upon my neck: my strength is weakened:
the Lord hath delivered me into a hand, out of which I am not able to

1:15. Samech. The Lord hath taken away all my mighty men out of the
midst of me: he hath called against me the time, to destroy my chosen
men: the Lord hath trodden the winepress for the virgin daughter of

1:16. Ain. Therefore do I weep, and my eyes run down with water:
because the comforter, the relief of my soul, is far from me: my
children are desolate because the enemy hath prevailed.

1:17. Phe. Sion hath spread forth her hands, there is none to comfort
her: the Lord hath commanded against Jacob, his enemies are round about
him: Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them.

1:18. Sade. The Lord is just, for I have provoked his mouth to wrath:
hear, I pray you, all ye people, and see my sorrow: my virgins, and my
young men are gone into captivity.

1:19. Coph. I called for my friends, but they deceived me: my priests
and my ancients pined away in the city: while they sought their food,
to relieve their souls.

1:20. Res. Behold, O Lord, for I am in distress, my bowels are
troubled: my heart is turned within me, for I am full of bitterness:
abroad the sword destroyeth and at home there is death alike.

1:21. Sin. They have heard that I sigh, and there is none to comfort
me: all my enemies have heard of my evil, they have rejoiced that thou
hast done it: thou hast brought a day of consolation, and they shall be
like unto me.

1:22. Thau. Let all their evil be present before thee: and make vintage
of them, as thou hast made vintage of me for all my iniquities: for my
sighs are many, and my heart is sorrowful.

Lamentations Chapter 2

2:1. Aleph. How hath the Lord covered with obscurity the daughter of
Sion in his wrath! how hath he cast down from heaven to the earth the
glorious one of Israel, and hath not remembered his footstool in the
day of his anger.

2:2. Beth. The Lord hath cast down headlong, and hath not spared, all
that was beautiful in Jacob: he hath destroyed in his wrath the strong
holds of the virgin of Juda, and brought them down to the ground: he
hath made the kingdom unclean, and the princes thereof.

2:3. Ghimel. He hath broken in his fierce anger all the horn of Israel:
he hath drawn back his right hand from before the enemy: and he hath
kindled in Jacob as it were a flaming fire devouring round about.

2:4. Daleth. He hath bent his bow as an enemy, he hath fixed his right
hand as an adversary: and he hath killed all that was fair to behold in
the tabernacle of the daughter of Sion, he hath poured out his
indignation like fire.

2:5. He. The Lord is become as an enemy: he hath cast down Israel
headlong, he hath overthrown all the walls thereof: he hath destroyed
his strong holds, and hath multiplied in the daughter of Juda the
afflicted, both men and women.

2:6. Vau. And he hath destroyed his tent as a garden, he hath thrown
down his tabernacle: the Lord hath caused feasts and sabbaths to be
forgotten in Sion: and hath delivered up king and priest to reproach,
and to the indignation of his wrath.

2:7. Zain. The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath cursed his
sanctuary: he hath delivered the walls of the towers thereof into the
hand of the enemy: they have made a noise in the house of the Lord, as
in the day of a solemn feast.

He hath cursed his sanctuary. . .That is, he permitted his sanctuary to
be destroyed, as if it had not been consecrated, but execrable.

2:8. Heth. The Lord hath purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter
of Sion: he hath stretched out his line, and hath not withdrawn his
hand from destroying: and the bulwark hath mourned, and the wall hath
been destroyed together.

2:9. Teth. Her gates are sunk into the ground: he hath destroyed, and
broken her bars: her king and her princes are among the Gentiles: the
law is no more, and her prophets have found no vision from the Lord.

2:10. Jod. The ancients of the daughter of Sion sit upon the ground,
they have held their peace: they have sprinkled their heads with dust,
they are girded with haircloth, the virgins of Jerusalem hang down
their heads to the ground.

2:11. Caph. My eyes have failed with weeping, my bowels are troubled:
my liver is poured out upon the earth, for the destruction of the
daughter of my people, when the children, and the sucklings, fainted
away in the streets of the city.

2:12. Lamed. They said to their mothers: Where is corn and wine? when
they fainted away as the wounded in the streets of the city: when they
breathed out their souls in the bosoms of their mothers.

2:13. Mem. To what shall I compare thee? or to what shall I liken thee,
O daughter of Jerusalem? to what shall I equal thee, that I may comfort
thee, O virgin daughter of Sion? for great as the sea is thy
destruction: who shall heal thee?

2:14. Nun. Thy prophets have seen false and foolish things for thee:
and they have not laid open thy iniquity, to excite thee to penance:
but they have seen for thee false revelations and banishments.

2:15. Samech. All they that passed by the way have clapped their hands
at thee: they have hissed, and wagged their heads at the daughter of
Jerusalem, saying: Is this the city of perfect beauty, the joy of all
the earth?

2:16. Phe. All thy enemies have opened their month against thee: they
have hissed, and gnashed with the teeth, and have said: We will swallow
her up: lo, this is the day which we looked for: we have found it, we
have seen it.

2:17. Ain. The Lord hath done that which he purposed, he hath fulfilled
his word, which he commanded in the days of old: he hath destroyed, and
hath not spared, and he hath caused the enemy to rejoice over thee, and
hath set up the horn of thy adversaries.

2:18. Sade. Their heart cried to the Lord upon the walls of the
daughter of Sion: Let tears run down like a torrent day and night: give
thyself no rest, and let not the apple of thy eye cease.

2:19. Coph. Arise, give praise in the night, in the beginning of the
watches: pour out thy heart like water, before the face of the Lord:
lift up thy hands to him for the life of thy little children, that have
fainted for hunger at the top of all the streets.

2:20. Res. Behold, O Lord, and consider whom thou hast thus dealt with:
shall women then eat their own fruit, their children of a span long?
shall the priest and the prophet be slain in the sanctuary of the Lord?

2:21. Sin. The child and the old man lie without on the ground: my
virgins and my young men are fallen by the sword: thou hast slain them
in the day of thy wrath: thou hast killed, and shewn them no pity.

2:22. Thau. Thou hast called as to a festival, those that should
terrify me round about, and there was none in the day of the wrath of
the Lord that escaped and was left: those that I brought up, and
nourished, my enemy hath consumed them.

Lamentations Chapter 3

3:1. Aleph. I am the man that see my poverty by the rod of his

3:2. Aleph. He hath led me, and brought me into darkness, and not into

3:3. Aleph. Only against me he hath turned, and turned again his hand
all the day.

3:4. Beth. My skin and my flesh he hath made old, he hath broken my

3:5. Beth. He hath built round about me, and he hath compassed me with
gall, and labour.

3:6. Beth. He hath set me in dark places as those that are dead for

3:7. Ghimel. He hath built against me round about, that I may not get
out: he hath made my fetters heavy.

3:8. Ghimel. Yea, and when I cry, and entreat, he hath shut out my

3:9. Ghimel. He hath shut up my ways with square stones, he hath turned
my paths upside down.

3:10. Daleth. He is become to me as a bear lying in wait: as a lion in
secret places.

3:11. Daleth. He hath turned aside my paths, and hath broken me in
pieces, he hath made me desolate.

3:12. Daleth. He hath bent his bow, and set me as a mark for his

3:13. He. He hath shot into my reins the daughters of his quiver.

3:14. He. I am made a derision to all my people, their song all the day

3:15. He. He hath filled me with bitterness, he hath inebriated me with

3:16. Vau. And he hath broken my teeth one by one, he hath fed me with

3:17. Vau. And my soul is removed far off from peace, I have forgotten
good things.

3:18. Vau. And I said: My end and my hope is perished from the Lord.

3:19. Zain. Remember my poverty, and transgression, the wormwood and
the gall.

3:20. Zain. I will be mindful and remember, and my soul shall languish
within me.

3:21. Zain. These things I shall think over in my heart, therefore will
I hope.

3:22. Heth. The mercies of the Lord that we are not consumed: because
his commiserations have not failed.

3:23. Heth. They are new every morning, great is thy faithfulness.

3:24. Heth. The Lord is my portion, said my soul: therefore will I wait
for him.

3:25. Teth. The Lord is good to them that hope in him, to the soul that
seeketh him.

3:26. Teth. It is good to wait with silence for the salvation of God.

3:27. Teth. It is good for a man, when he hath borne the yoke from his

3:28. Jod. He shall sit solitary, and hold his peace: because he hath
taken it up upon himself.

3:29. Jod. He shall put his mouth in the dust, if so be there may be

3:30. Jod. He shall give his cheek to him that striketh him, he shall
be filled with reproaches.

3:31. Caph. For the Lord will not cast off for ever.

3:32. Caph. For if he hath cast off, he will also have mercy, according
to the multitude of his mercies.

3:33. Caph. For he hath not willingly afflicted, nor cast off the
children of men.

3:34. Lamed. To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the land,

3:35. Lamed. To turn aside the judgment of a man before the face of the
most High,

3:36. Lamed. To destroy a man wrongfully in his judgment, the Lord hath
not approved.

3:37. Mem. Who is he that hath commanded a thing to be done, when the
Lord commandeth it not?

3:38. Mem. Shall not both evil and good proceed out of the mouth of the

3:39. Mem. Why hath a living man murmured, man suffering for his sins?

3:40. Nun. Let us search our ways, and seek, and return to the Lord.

3:41. Nun. Let us lift up our hearts with our hands to the Lord in the

3:42. Nun. We have done wickedly, and provoked thee to wrath: therefore
thou art inexorable.

3:43. Samech. Thou hast covered in thy wrath, and hast struck us: thou
hast killed and hast not spared.

3:44. Samech. Thou hast set a cloud before thee, that our prayer may
not pass through.

3:45. Samech. Thou hast made me as an outcast, and refuse in the midst
of the people.

3:46. Phe. All our enemies have opened their mouths against us.

3:47. Phe. Prophecy is become to us a fear, and a snare, and

3:48. Phe. My eye hath run down with streams of water, for the
destruction of the daughter of my people.

3:49. Ain. My eye is afflicted, and hath not been quiet, because there
was no rest:

3:50. Ain. Till the Lord regarded and looked down from the heavens.

3:51. Ain. My eye hath wasted my soul because of all the daughters of
my city.

3:52. Sade. My enemies have chased me and caught me like a bird,
without cause.

3:53. Sade. My life is fallen into the pit, and they have laid a stone
over me.

3:54. Sade. Waters have flowed over my head: I said: I am cut off.

3:55. Coph. I have called upon thy name, O Lord, from the lowest pit.

3:56. Coph. Thou hast heard my voice: turn not away thy ear from my
sighs, and cries.

3:57. Coph. Thou drewest near in the day, when I called upon thee, thou
saidst: Fear not.

3:58. Res. Thou hast judged, O Lord, the cause of my soul, thou the
Redeemer of my life.

3:59. Res. Thou hast seen, O Lord, their iniquity against me: judge
thou my judgment.

3:60. Res. Thou hast seen all their fury, and all their thoughts
against me.

3:61. Sin. Thou hast heard their reproach, O Lord, all their
imaginations against me.

3:62. Sin. The lips of them that rise up against me: and their devices
against me all the day.

3:63. Sin. Behold their sitting down, and their rising up, I am their

3:64. Thau. Thou shalt render them a recompense, O Lord, according to
the works of their hands.

3:65. Thau. Thou shalt give them a buckler of heart, thy labour.

3:66. Thau. Thou shalt persecute them in anger, and shalt destroy them
from under the heavens, O Lord.

Lamentations Chapter 4

4:1. Aleph. How is the gold become dim, the finest colour is changed,
the stones of the sanctuary are scattered in the top of every street?

4:2. Beth. The noble sons of Sion, and they that were clothed with the
best gold: how are they esteemed as earthen vessels, the work of the
potter's hands?

4:3. Ghimel. Even the sea monsters have drawn out the breast, they have
given suck to their young: the daughter of my people is cruel, like the
ostrich in the desert.

4:4. Daleth. The tongue of the sucking child hath stuck to the roof of
his mouth for thirst: the little ones have asked for bread, and there
was none to break it unto them.

4:5. He. They that were fed delicately have died in the streets: they
that were brought up in scarlet have embraced the dung.

4:6. Vau. And the iniquity of the daughter of my people is made greater
than the sin of Sodom, which was overthrown in a moment, and hands took
nothing in her.

4:7. Zain. Her Nazarites were whiter than snow, purer than milk, more
ruddy than the old ivory, fairer than the sapphire.

4:8. Heth. Their face is now made blacker than coals, and they are not
known in the streets: their skin hath stuck to their bones, it is
withered, and is become like wood.

4:9. Teth. It was better with them that were slain by the sword, than
with them that died with hunger: for these pined away being consumed
for want of the fruits of the earth.

4:10. Jod. The hands of the pitiful women have sodden their own
children: they were their meat in the destruction of the daughter of my

4:11. Caph. The Lord hath accomplished his wrath, he hath poured out
his fierce anger: and he hath kindled a fire in Sion, and it hath
devoured the foundations thereof.

4:12. Lamed. The kings of the earth, and all the inhabitants of the
world would not have believed, that the adversary and the enemy should
enter in by the gates of Jerusalem.

4:13. Mem. For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her
priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her.

4:14. Nun. They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they were
defiled with blood: and when they could not help walking in it, they
held up their skirts.

4:15. Samech. Depart you that are defiled, they cried out to them:
Depart, get ye hence, touch not: for they quarrelled, and being
removed, they said among the Gentiles: He will no more dwell among

4:16. Phe. The face of the Lord hath divided them, he will no more
regard them: they respected not the persons of the priests, neither had
they pity on the ancient.

4:17. Ain. While we were yet standing, our eyes failed, expecting help
for us in vain, when we looked attentively towards a nation that was
not able to save.

4:18. Sade. Our steps have slipped in the way of our streets, our end
draweth near: our days are fulfilled, for our end is come.

4:19. Coph. Our persecutors were swifter than the eagles of the air:
they pursued us upon the mountains, they lay in wait for us in the

4:20. Res. The breath of our mouth, Christ the Lord, is taken in our
sins: to whom we said: Under thy shadow we shall live among the

Christ, etc. . .This, according to the letter, is spoken of their king,
who is called the Christ, that is, the Anointed of the Lord. But it
also relates, in the spiritual sense, to Christ our Lord, suffering for
our sins.

4:21. Sin. Rejoice, and be glad, O daughter of Edom, that dwellest in
the land of Hus: to thee also shall the cup come, thou shalt be made
drunk, and naked.

4:22. Thau. Thy iniquity is accomplished, O daughter of Sion, he will
no more carry thee away into captivity: he hath visited thy iniquity, O
daughter of Edom, he hath discovered thy sins.


Lamentations Chapter 5

5:1. Remember, O Lord, what is come upon us: consider and behold our

5:2. Our inheritance is turned to aliens: our houses to strangers.

5:3. We are become orphans without a father: our mothers are as widows.

5:4. We have drunk our water for money: we have bought our wood.

5:6. We were dragged by the necks, we were weary and no rest was given

5:6. We have given our hand to Egypt, and to the Assyrians, that we
might be satisfied with bread.

5:7. Our fathers have sinned, and are not: and we have borne their

5:8. Servants have ruled over us: there was none to redeem us out of
their hand.

5:9. We fetched our bread at the peril of our lives, because of the
sword in the desert.

5:10. Our skin was burnt as an oven, by reason of the violence of the

5:11. They oppressed the women in Sion, and the virgins in the cities
of Juda.

5:12. The princes were hanged up by their hand: they did not respect
the persons of the ancients.

5:13. They abused the young men indecently: and the children fell under
the wood.

5:14. The ancients have ceased from the gates: the young men from the
choir of the singers.

5:15. The joy of our heart is ceased, our dancing is turned into

5:16. The crown is fallen from our head: woe to us, because we have

5:17. Therefore is our heart sorrowful, therefore are our eyes become

5:18. For mount Sion, because it is destroyed, foxes have walked upon

5:19. But thou, O Lord, shalt remain for ever, thy throne from
generation to generation.

5:20. Why wilt thou forget us for ever? why wilt thou forsake us for a
long time?

5:21. Convert us, O Lord, to thee, and we shall be converted: renew our
days, as from the beginning.

5:22. But thou hast utterly rejected us, thou art exceedingly angry
with us.


BARUCH was a man of noble extraction, and learned in the law, secretary
and disciple to the prophet JEREMIAS, and a sharer in his labours and
persecutions: which is the reason why the ancient fathers have
considered this book as a part of the prophecy of JEREMIAS, and have
usually quoted it under his name.

Baruch Chapter 1

The Jews of Babylon send the book of Baruch with money to Jerusalem,
requesting their brethren there to offer sacrifice, and to pray for the
king and for them, acknowledging their manifold sins.

1:1. And these are the words of the book, which Baruch the son of
Nerias, the son of Maasias, the son of Sedecias, the son of Sedei, the
son Helcias, wrote in Babylonia.

1:2. In the fifth year, in the seventh day of the month, at the time
that the Chaldeans took Jerusalem, and burnt it with fire.

1:3. And Baruch read the words of this book in the hearing of Jechonias
the son of Joakim king of Juda, and in the hearing of all the people
that came to hear the book.

1:4. And in the hearing of the nobles, the sons of the kings, and in
the hearing of the ancients, and in the hearing of the people, from the
least even to the greatest of them that dwelt in Babylonia, by the
river Sedi.

1:5. And when they heard it they wept, and fasted, and prayed before
the Lord.

1:6. And they made a collection of money according to every man's

1:7. And they sent it to Jerusalem to Joakim the priest, the son of
Helcias, the son of Salom, and to the priests, and to all the people,
that were found with him in Jerusalem:

1:8. At the time when he received the vessels of the temple of the
Lord, which had been taken away out of the temple, to return them into
the land of Juda the tenth day of the month Sivan, the silver vessels,
which Sedecias the son of Josias king of Juda had made,

1:9. After that Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon had carried away
Jechonias, and the princes, and all the powerful men, and the people of
the land from Jerusalem, and brought them bound to Babylon.

1:10. And they said: Behold we have sent you money, buy with it
holocausts, and frankincense, and make meat offerings, and offerings
for sin at the altar of the Lord our God:

1:11. And pray ye for the life of Nabuchodonosor the king of Babylon,
and for the life of Balthasar his son, that their days may be upon
earth as the days of heaven:

1:12. And that the Lord may give us strength, and enlighten our eyes,
that we may live under the shadow of Nabuchodonosor the king of
Babylon, and under the shadow of Balthasar his son, and may serve them
many days, and may find favour in their sight.

1:13. And pray ye for us to the Lord our God: for we have sinned
against the Lord our God, and his wrath is not turned away from us even
to this day.

1:14. And read ye this book, which we have sent to you to be read in
the temple of the Lord, on feasts, and proper days.

1:15. And you shall say: To the Lord our God belongeth justice, but to
us confusion of our face: as it is come to pass at this day to all
Juda, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem,

1:16. To our kings, and to our princes, and to our priests, and to our
prophets, and to our fathers.

1:17. We have sinned before the Lord our God, and have not believed
him, nor put our trust in him:

1:18. And we were not obedient to him, and we have not hearkened to the
voice of the Lord our God, to walk in his commandments which he hath
given us.

1:19. From the day that he brought our fathers out of the land of
Egypt, even to this day, we were disobedient to the Lord our God: and
going astray we turned away from hearing his voice.

1:20. And many evils have cleaved to us, and the curses which the Lord
foretold by Moses his servant: who brought our fathers out of the land
of Egypt, to give us a land flowing with milk and honey, as at this

1:21. And we have not hearkened to the voice of the Lord our God
according to all the words of the prophets whom he sent to us:

1:22. And we have gone away every man after the inclinations of his own
wicked heart, to serve strange gods, and to do evil in the sight of the
Lord our God.

Baruch Chapter 2

A further confession of the sins of the people, and of the justice of

2:1. Wherefore the Lord our God hath made good his word, that he spoke
to us, and to our judges that have judged Israel, and to our kings, and
to our princes, and to all Israel and Juda:

2:2. That the Lord would bring upon us great evils, such as never
happened under heaven, as they have come to pass in Jerusalem,
according to the things that are written in the law of Moses:

2:3. That a man should eat the flesh of his own son, and the flesh of
his own daughter.

2:4. And he hath delivered them up to be under the hand of all the
kings that are round about us, to be a reproach, and desolation among
all the people, among whom the Lord hath scattered us.

2:5. And we are brought under, and are not uppermost: because we have
sinned against the Lord our God, by not obeying his voice.

2:6. To the Lord our God belongeth justice: but to us, and to our
fathers confusion of face, as at this day.

2:7. For the Lord hath pronounced against us all these evils that are
come upon us:

2:8. And we have not entreated the face of the Lord our God, that we
might return every one of us from our most wicked ways.

2:9. And the Lord hath watched over us for evil, and hath brought it
upon us: for the Lord is just in all his works which he hath commanded

2:10. And we have not hearkened to his voice to walk in the
commandments of the Lord which he hath set before us.

2:11. And now, O Lord God of Israel, who hast brought thy people out of
the land of Egypt with a strong hand, and with signs, and with wonders,
and with thy great power, and with a mighty arm, and hast made thee a
name as at this day,

2:12. We have sinned, we have done wickedly, we have acted unjustly, O
Lord our God, against all thy justices.

2:13. Let thy wrath be turned away from us: for we are left a few among
the nations where thou hast scattered us.

2:14. Hear, O Lord, our prayers, and our petitions, and deliver us for
thy own sake: and grant that we may find favour in the sight of them
that have led us away:

2:15. That all the earth may know that thou art the Lord our God, and
that thy name is called upon Israel, and upon his posterity.

2:16. Look down upon us, O Lord, from thy holy house, and incline thy
ear, and hear us.

2:17. Open thy eyes, and behold: for the dead that are in hell, whose
spirit is taken away from their bowels, shall not give glory and
justice to the Lord:

Justice, etc. . .They that are in hell shall not give justice to God;
that is, they shall not acknowledge and glorify his justice as penitent
sinners do upon earth.

2:18. But the soul that is sorrowful for the greatness of evil she hath
done, and goeth bowed down, and feeble, and the eyes that fail, and the
hungry soul giveth glory and justice to thee the Lord.

2:19. For it is not for the justices of our fathers that we pour out
our prayers, and beg mercy in thy sight, O Lord our God:

2:20. But because thou hast sent out thy wrath, and thy indignation
upon us, as thou hast spoken by the hand of thy servants the prophets,

2:21. Thus saith the Lord: Bow down your shoulder, and your neck, and
serve the king of Babylon: and you shall remain in the land which I
have given to your fathers.

2:22. But if you will not hearken to the voice of the Lord your God, to
serve the king of Babylon: I will cause you to depart out of the cities
of Juda, and from without Jerusalem.

2:23. And I will take away from you the voice of mirth, and the voice
of joy, and the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride,
and all the land shall be without any footstep of inhabitants.

2:24. And they hearkened not to thy voice, to serve the king of
Babylon: and thou hast made good thy words, which thou spokest by the
hands of thy servants the prophets, that the bones of our kings, and
the bones of our fathers should be removed out of their place:

2:25. And behold they are cast out to the heat of the sun, and to the
frost of the night: and they have died in grievous pains, by famine,
and by the sword, and in banishment.

2:26. And thou hast made the temple, in which thy name was called upon,
as it is at this day, for the iniquity of the house of Israel, and the
house of Juda.

2:27. And thou hast dealt with us, O Lord our God, according to all thy
goodness, and according to all that great mercy of thine:

2:28. As thou spokest by the hand of thy servant Moses, in the day when
thou didst command him to write thy law before the children of Israel,

2:29. Saying: If you will not hear my voice, this great multitude shall
be turned into a very small number among the nations, where I will
scatter them:

2:30. For I know that the people will not hear me, for they are a
people of a stiff neck: but they shall turn to their heart in the land
of their captivity:

2:31. And they shall know that I am the Lord their God: and I will give
them a heart, and they shall understand: and ears, and they shall hear.

2:32. And they shall praise me in the land of their captivity, and
shall be mindful of my name.

2:33. And they shall turn away themselves from their stiff neck, and
from their wicked deeds: for they shall remember the way of their
fathers, that sinned against me.

2:34. And I will bring them back again into the land which I promised
with an oath to their fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and they
shall be masters thereof: and I will multiply them, and they shall not
be diminished.

2:35. And I will make with them another covenant that shall be
everlasting, to be their God, and they shall be my people: and I will
no more remove my people, the children of Israel, out of the land that
I have given them.

Baruch Chapter 3

They pray for mercy, acknowledging that they are justly punished for
forsaking true wisdom. A prophecy of Christ.

3:1. And now, O Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, the soul in anguish,
and the troubled spirit crieth to thee:

3:2. Hear, O Lord, and have mercy, for thou art a merciful God, and
have pity on us: for we have sinned before thee.

3:3. For thou remainest for ever, and shall we perish everlastingly?

3:4. O Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, hear now the prayer of the
dead of Israel, and of their children, that have sinned before thee,
and have not hearkened to the voice of the Lord their God, wherefore
evils have cleaved fast to us.

3:5. Remember not the iniquities of our fathers, but think upon thy
hand, and upon thy name at this time:

3:6. For thou art the Lord our God, and we will praise thee, O Lord:

3:7. Because for this end thou hast put thy fear in our hearts, to the
intent that we should call upon thy name, and praise thee in our
captivity, for we are converted from the iniquity of our fathers, who
sinned before thee.

3:8. And behold we are at this day in our captivity, whereby thou hast
scattered us to be a reproach, and a curse, and an offence, according
to all the iniquities of our fathers, who departed from thee, O Lord
our God.

3:9. Hear, O Israel, the commandments of life: give ear, that thou
mayst learn wisdom.

3:10. How happeneth it, O Israel, that thou art in thy enemies' land?

3:11. Thou art grown old in a strange country, thou art defiled with
the dead: thou art counted with them that go down into hell.

3:12. Thou hast forsaken the fountain of wisdom:

3:13. For if thou hadst walked in the way of God, thou hadst surely
dwelt in peace for ever.

3:14. Learn where is wisdom, where is strength, where is understanding:
that thou mayst know also where is length of days and life, where is
the light of the eyes, and peace.

3:15. Who hath found out her place? and who hath gone in to her

3:16. Where are the princes of the nations, and they that rule over the
beasts that are upon the earth?

3:17. That take their diversion with the birds of the air.

3:18. That hoard up silver and gold, wherein men trust, and there is no
end of their getting? who work in silver and are solicitous, and their
works are unsearchable.

3:19. They are cut off, and are gone down to hell, and others are risen
up in their place.

3:20. Young men have seen the light, and dwelt upon the earth: but the
way of knowledge they have not known,

3:21. Nor have they understood the paths thereof, neither have their
children received it, it is far from their face.

3:22. It hath not been heard of in the land of Chanaan, neither hath it
been seen in Theman.

Theman. . .The capital city of Edom.

3:23. The children of Agar also, that search after the wisdom that is
of the earth, the merchants of Merrha, and of Theman, and the tellers
of fables, and searchers of prudence and understanding: but the way of
wisdom they have not known, neither have they remembered her paths.

Agar. . .The mother of the Ismaelites.

3:24. O Israel, how great is the house of God, and how vast is the
place of his possession!

3:25. It is great, and hath no end: it is high and immense.

3:26. There were the giants, those renowned men that were from the
beginning, of great stature, expert in war.

3:27. The Lord chose not them, neither did they find the way of
knowledge: therefore did they perish.

3:28. And because they had not wisdom, they perished through their

3:29. Who hath gone up into heaven, and taken her, and brought her down
from the clouds?

3:30. Who hath passed over the sea, and found her, and brought her
preferably to chosen gold?

3:31. There is none that is able to know her ways, nor that can search
out her paths:

3:32. But he that knoweth all things, knoweth her, and hath found her
out with his understanding: he that prepared the earth for evermore,
and filled it with cattle and fourfooted beasts:

3:33. He that sendeth forth the light, and it goeth: and hath called
it, and it obeyeth him with trembling.

3:34. And the stars have given light in their watches, and rejoiced:

3:35. They were called, and they said: Here we are: and with
cheerfulness they have shined forth to him that made them.

3:36. This is our God, and there shall no other be accounted of in
comparison of him.

3:37. He found out all the way of knowledge, and gave it to Jacob his
servant, and to Israel his beloved.

3:38. Afterwards he was seen upon earth, and conversed with men.

Was seen upon earth, etc. . .viz., by the mystery of the incarnation, by
means of which the son of God came visibly amongst us, and conversed
with men. The prophets often speak of things to come as if they were
past, to express the certainty of the event of the things foretold.

Baruch Chapter 4

The prophet exhorts to the keeping of the law of wisdom, and encourages
the people to be patient, and to hope for their deliverance.

4:1. This is the book of the commandments of God, and the law, that is
for ever: all they that keep it, shall come to life: but they that have
forsaken it, to death.

4:2. Return, O Jacob, and take hold of it, walk in the way by its
brightness, in the presence of the light thereof.

4:3. Give not thy honour to another, nor thy dignity to a strange

4:4. We are happy, O Israel: because the things that are pleasing to
God, are made known to us.

4:5. Be of good comfort, O people of God, the memorial of Israel:

4:6. You have been sold to the Gentiles, not for your destruction: but
because you provoked God to wrath, you are delivered to your

4:7. For you have provoked him who made you, the eternal God, offering
sacrifice to devils, and not to God.

4:8. For you have forgotten God, who brought you up, and you have
grieved Jerusalem that nursed you.

4:9. For she saw the wrath of God coming upon you, and she said: Give
ear, all you that dwell near Sion, for God hath brought upon me great

4:10. For I have seen the captivity of my people, of my sons, and my
daughters, which the Eternal hath brought upon them.

4:11. For I nourished them with joy: but I sent them away with weeping
and mourning.

4:12. Let no man rejoice over me, a widow, and desolate: I am forsaken
of many for the sins of my children, because they departed from the law
of God.

4:13. And they have not known his justices, nor walked by the ways of
God's commandments, neither have they entered by the paths of his truth
and justice.

4:14. Let them that dwell about Sion come, and remember the captivity
of my sons and daughters, which the Eternal hath brought upon them.

4:15. For he hath brought a nation upon them from afar, a wicked
nation, and of a strange tongue:

4:16. Who have neither reverenced the ancient, nor pitied children, and
have carried away the beloved of the widow, and have left me all alone
without children.

4:17. But as for me, what help can I give you?

4:18. But he that hath brought the evils upon you, he will deliver you
out of the hands of your enemies.

4:19. Go your way, my children, go your way: for I am left alone.

4:20. I have put off the robe of peace, and have put upon me the
sackcloth of supplication, and I will cry to the most High in my days.

4:21. Be of good comfort, my children, cry to the Lord, and he will
deliver you out of the hand of the princes your enemies.

4:22. For my hope is in the Eternal that he will save you: and joy is
come upon me from the Holy One, because of the mercy which shall come
to you from our everlasting Saviour.

4:23. For I sent you forth with mourning and weeping: but the Lord will
bring you back to me with joy and gladness for ever.

4:24. For as the neighbours of Sion have now seen your captivity from
God: so shall they also shortly see your salvation from God, which
shall come upon you with great honour, and everlasting glory.

4:25. My children, suffer patiently the wrath that is come upon you:
for thy enemy hath persecuted thee, but thou shalt quickly see his
destruction: and thou shalt get up upon his neck.

4:26. My delicate ones have walked rough ways, for they were taken away
as a flock made a prey by the enemies.

4:27. Be of good comfort, my children, and cry to the Lord: for you
shall be remembered by him that hath led you away.

4:28. For as it was your mind to go astray from God; so when you return
again you shall seek him ten times as much.

4:29. For he that hath brought evils upon you, shall bring you
everlasting joy again with your salvation.

4:30. Be of good heart, O Jerusalem: for he exhorteth thee, that named

4:31. The wicked that have afflicted thee, shall perish: and they that
have rejoiced at thy ruin, shall be punished.

4:32. The cities which thy children have served, shall be punished: and
she that received thy sons.

She that received, etc. . .viz., Babylon.

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