Part 30 out of 30
34:20. They shall suddenly die, and the people shall be troubled at
midnight, and they shall pass, and take away the violent without hand.
34:21. For his eyes are upon the ways of men, and he considereth all
34:22. There is no darkness, and there is no shadow of death, where
they may be hid who work iniquity.
34:23. For it is no longer in the power of man to enter into judgment
34:24. He shall break in pieces many and innumerable, and shall make
others to stand in their stead.
34:25. For he knoweth their works: and therefore he shall bring night
on them, and they shall be destroyed.
34:26. He hath struck them, as being wicked, in open sight.
34:27. Who as it were on purpose have revolted from him, and would not
understand all his ways:
34:28. So that they caused the cry of the needy to come to him, and he
heard the voice of the poor.
34:29. For when he granteth peace, who is there that can condemn? When
he hideth his countenance, who is there that can behold him, whether it
regard nations, or all men?
34:30. Who maketh a man that is a hypocrite to reign for the sins of
34:31. Seeing then I have spoken of God, I will not hinder thee in thy
34:32. If I have erred, teach thou me: if I have spoken iniquity, I
will add no more.
34:33. Doth God require it of thee, because it hath displeased thee?
for thou begannest to speak, and not I: but if thou know any thing
34:34. Let men of understanding speak to me, and let a wise man hearken
34:35. But Job hath spoken foolishly, and his words sound not
34:36. My father, let Job be tried even to the end: cease not from the
man of iniquity.
34:37. Because he addeth blasphemy upon his sins, let him be tied fast
in the mean time amongst us: and then let him provoke God to judgment
with his speeches.
Job Chapter 35
Eliu declares that the good or evil done by man cannot reach God.
35:1. Moreover Eliu spoke these words:
35:2. Doth thy thought seem right to thee, that thou shouldst say: I am
more just than God?
35:3. For thou saidst: That which is right doth not please thee: or
what will it profit thee if I sin?
35:4. Therefore I will answer thy words, and thy friends with thee.
35:5. Look up to heaven and see, and behold the sky, that it is higher
35:6. If thou sin, what shalt thou hurt him? and if thy iniquities be
multiplied, what shalt thou do against him?
35:7. And if thou do justly, what shalt thou give him, or what shall he
receive of thy hand?
35:8. Thy wickedness may hurt a man that is like thee: and thy justice
may help the son of man.
35:9. By reason of the multitude of oppressors they shall cry out: and
shall wail for the violence of the arm of tyrants.
35:10. And he hath not said: Where is God, who made me, who hath given
songs in the night?
35:11. Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and
instructeth us more than the fowls of the air.
35:12. There shall they cry, and he will not hear, because of the pride
of evil men.
35:13. God therefore will not hear in vain, and the Almighty will look
into the causes of every one.
35:14. Yea, when thou shalt say: He considereth not: be judged before
him, and expect him.
35:15. For he doth not now bring on his fury, neither doth he revenge
35:16. Therefore Job openeth his mouth in vain, and multiplieth words
Job Chapter 36
Eliu proceeds in setting forth the justice and power of God.
36:1. Eliu also proceeded, and said:
36:2. Suffer me a little, and I will shew thee: for I have yet somewhat
to speak in God's behalf.
36:3. I will repeat my knowledge from the beginning, and I will prove
my Maker just.
36:4. For indeed my words are without a lie, and perfect knowledge
shall be proved to thee.
36:5. God doth not cast away the mighty, whereas he himself also is
36:6. But he saveth not the wicked, and he giveth judgment to the poor.
36:7. He will not take away his eyes from the just, and he placeth
kings on the throne for ever, and they are exalted.
36:8. And if they shall be in chains, and be bound with the cords of
36:9. He shall shew them their works, and their wicked deeds, because
they have been violent.
36:10. He also shall open their ear, to correct them: and shall speak,
that they may return from iniquity.
36:11. If they shall hear and observe, they shall accomplish their days
in good, and their years in glory.
36:12. But if they hear not, they shall pass by the sword, and shall be
consumed in folly.
36:13. Dissemblers and crafty men prove the wrath of God, neither shall
they cry when they are bound.
36:14. Their soul shall die in a storm, and their life among the
36:15. He shall deliver the poor out of his distress, and shall open
his ear in affliction.
36:16. Therefore he shall set thee at large out of the narrow mouth,
and which hath no foundation under it: and the rest of thy table shall
be full of fatness.
Out of the narrow mouth. . .That is, out of hell, whose entrance is
narrow, and its depth bottomless; but figuratively meant here, that is,
from his miseries and calamity to be restored to his former state of
36:17. Thy cause hath been judged as that of the wicked, cause and
judgment thou shalt recover.
36:18. Therefore let not anger overcome thee to oppress any man:
neither let multitude of gifts turn thee aside.
36:19. Lay down thy greatness without tribulation, and all the mighty
36:20. Prolong not the night that people may come up for them.
36:21. Beware thou turn not aside to iniquity: for this thou hast begun
to follow after misery.
For this thou hast begun to follow after misery. . .Eliu charges Job,
that notwithstanding his misery, he does not fear God as he ought: but
in his judgment, falls into iniquity.
36:22. Behold, God is high in his strength, and none is like him among
36:23. Who can search out his ways? or who can say to him: Thou hast
36:24. Remember that thou knowest not his work, concerning which men
36:25. All men see him, every one beholdeth afar off.
36:26. Behold, God is great, exceeding our knowledge: the number of his
years is inestimable.
36:27. He lifteth up the drops of rain, and poureth out showers like
36:28. Which flow from the clouds that cover all above.
36:29. If he will spread out clouds as his tent,
36:30. And lighten with his light from above, he shall cover also the
ends of the sea.
36:31. For by these he judgeth people, and giveth food to many mortals.
36:32. In his hands he hideth the light, and commandeth it to come
36:33. He sheweth his friend concerning it, that it is his possession,
and that he may come up to it.
Job Chapter 37
Eliu goes on in his discourse, shewing God's wisdom and power, by his
37:1. At this my heart trembleth, and is moved out of its place.
37:2. Hear ye attentively the terror of his voice, and the sound that
cometh out of his mouth.
37:3. He beholdeth under all the heavens, and his light is upon the
ends of the earth.
37:4. After it a noise shall roar, he shall thunder with the voice of
his majesty, and shall not be found out, when his voice shall be heard.
37:5. God shall thunder wonderfully with his voice, he that doth great
and unsearchable things.
37:6. He commandeth the snow to go down upon the earth, and the winter
rain, and the shower of his strength.
37:7. He sealeth up the hand of all men, that every one may know his
He sealeth up, etc. . .When he sends those showers of his strength, that
is, those storms of rain, he seals up, that is, he shuts up the hands
of men from their usual works abroad, and confines them within doors,
to consider his works; or to forecast their works, that is, what they
themselves are to do.
37:8. Then the beast shall go into his covert, and shall abide in his
37:9. Out of the inner parts shall a tempest come, and cold out of the
37:10. When God bloweth there cometh frost, and again the waters are
poured out abundantly.
37:11. Corn desireth clouds, and the clouds spread their light:
37:12. Which go round about, whithersoever the will of him that
governeth them shall lead them, to whatsoever he shall command them
upon the face of the whole earth:
37:13. Whether in one tribe, or in his own land, or in what place
soever of his mercy he shall command them to be found.
37:14. Hearken to these things, Job: Stand, and consider the wondrous
works of God.
37:15. Dost thou know when God commanded the rains, to shew his light
of his clouds?
37:16. Knowest thou the great paths of the clouds, and the perfect
37:17. Are not thy garments hot, when the south wind blows upon the
37:18. Thou perhaps hast made the heavens with him, which are most
strong, as if they were of molten brass.
37:19. Shew us what we may say to him: or we are wrapped up in
37:20. Who shall tell him the things I speak? even if a man shall
speak, he shall be swallowed up.
He shall be swallowed up. . .All that man can say when he speaks of God,
is so little and inconsiderable in comparison with the subject, that
man is lost, and as it were swallowed up in so immense an ocean.
37:21. But now they see not the light: the air on a sudden shall be
thickened into clouds, and the wind shall pass and drive them away.
37:22. Cold cometh out of the north, and to God praise with fear.
37:23. We cannot find him worthily: he is great in strength, and in
judgment, and in justice, and he is ineffable.
37:24. Therefore men shall fear him, and all that seem to themselves to
be wise, shall not dare to behold him.
Job Chapter 38
God interposes and shews from the things he hath made, that man cannot
comprehend his power and wisdom.
38:1. Then the Lord answered Job out of a whirlwind, and said:
The Lord. That is, an angel speaking in the name of the Lord.
38:2. Who is this that wrappeth up sentences in unskilful words?
38:3. Gird up thy loins like a man: I will ask thee, and answer thou
38:4. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? tell me
if thou hast understanding.
38:5. Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest or who hath
stretched the line upon it?
38:6. Upon what are its bases grounded? or who laid the corner stone
38:7. When the morning stars praised me together, and all the sons of
God made a joyful melody?
38:8. Who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth as issuing
out of the womb:
38:9. When I made a cloud the garment thereof, and wrapped it in a mist
as in swaddling bands?
38:10. I set my bounds around it, and made it bars and doors:
38:11. And I said: Hitherto thou shalt come, and shalt go no further,
and here thou shalt break thy swelling waves.
38:12. Didst thou since thy birth command the morning, and shew the
dawning of the day its place?
38:13. And didst thou hold the extremities of the earth shaking them,
and hast thou shaken the ungodly out of it?
38:14. The seal shall be restored as clay, and shall stand as a
38:15. From the wicked their light shall be taken away, and the high
arm shall be broken.
38:16. Hast thou entered into the depths of the sea, and walked in the
lowest parts of the deep?
38:17. Have the gates of death been opened to thee, and hast thou seen
the darksome doors?
38:18. Hast thou considered the breadth of the earth? tell me, if thou
knowest all things?
38:19. Where is the way where light dwelleth, and where is the place of
38:20. That thou mayst bring every thing to its own bounds, and
understand the paths of the house thereof.
38:21. Didst thou know then that thou shouldst be born? and didst thou
know the number of thy days?
38:22. Hast thou entered into the storehouses of the snow, or hast thou
beheld the treasures of the hail:
38:23. Which I have prepared for the time of the enemy, against the day
of battle and war?
38:24. By what way is the light spread, and heat divided upon the
38:25. Who gave a course to violent showers, or a way for noisy
38:26. That it should rain on the earth without man in the wilderness,
where no mortal dwelleth:
38:27. That it should fill the desert and desolate land, and should
bring forth green grass?
38:28. Who is the father of rain? or who begot the drops of dew?
38:29. Out of whose womb came the ice? and the frost from heaven who
hath gendered it?
38:30. The waters are hardened like a stone, and the surface of the
deep is congealed.
38:31. Shalt thou be able to join together the shining stars the
Pleiades, or canst thou stop the turning about of Arcturus?
Pleiades. . .Hebrew, Cimah. A cluster of seven stars in the
constellation Taurus or the Bull. Arcturus, a bright star in the
constellation Bootes. The Hebrew name Cesil, is variously interpreted;
by some, Orion; by others, the Great Bear is understood.
38:32. Canst thou bring forth the day star in its time, and make the
evening star to rise upon the children of the earth?
38:33. Dost thou know the order of heaven, and canst thou set down the
reason thereof on the earth?
38:34. Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that an abundance of
waters may cover thee?
38:35. Canst thou send lightnings, and will they go, and will they
return and say to thee: Here we are?
38:36. Who hath put wisdom in the heart of man? or who gave the cock
Understanding. . .That instinct by which he distinguishes the times of
crowing in the night.
38:37. Who can declare the order of the heavens, or who can make the
harmony of heaven to sleep?
38:38. When was the dust poured on the earth, and the clods fastened
38:39. Wilt thou take the prey for the lioness, and satisfy the
appetite of her whelps,
38:40. When they couch in the dens and lie in wait in holes?
38:41. Who provideth food for the raven, when her young ones cry to
God, wandering about, because they have no meat?
Job Chapter 39
The wonders of the power and providence of God in many of his creatures.
39:1. Knowest thou the time when the wild goats bring forth among the
rocks, or hast thou observed the hinds when they fawn?
39:2. Hast thou numbered the months of their conceiving, or knowest
thou the time when they bring forth?
39:3. They bow themselves to bring forth young, and they cast them, and
send forth roarings.
39:4. Their young are weaned and go to feed: they go forth, and return
not to them.
39:5. Who hath sent out the wild ass free, and who hath loosed his
39:6. To whom I have given a house in the wilderness, and his dwellings
in the barren land.
39:7. He scorneth the multitude of the city, he heareth not the cry of
39:8. He looketh round about the mountains of his pasture, and seeketh
for every green thing,
39:9. Shall the rhinoceros be willing to serve thee, or will he stay at
39:10. Canst thou bind the rhinoceros with thy thong to plough, or will
he break the clods of the valleys after thee?
39:11. Wilt thou have confidence in his great strength, and leave thy
labours to him?
39:12. Wilt thou trust him that he will render thee the seed, and
gather it into thy barnfloor?
39:13. The wing of the ostrich is like the wings of the heron, and of
39:14. When she leaveth her eggs on the earth, thou perhaps wilt warm
them in the dust.
39:15. She forgetteth that the foot may tread upon them, or that the
beasts of the field may break them.
39:16. She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not
hers, she hath laboured in vain, no fear constraining her.
39:17. For God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither hath he given her
39:18. When time shall be, she setteth up her wings on high: she
scorneth the horse and his rider.
39:19. Wilt thou give strength to the horse or clothe his neck with
39:20. Wilt thou lift him up like the locusts? the glory of his
nostrils is terror.
39:21. He breaketh up the earth with his hoof, he pranceth boldly, he
goeth forward to meet armed men.
39:22. He despiseth fear, he turneth not his back to the sword.
39:23. Above him shall the quiver rattle, the spear and shield shall
39:24. Chasing and raging he swalloweth the ground, neither doth he
make account when the noise of the trumpet soundeth.
39:25. When he heareth the trumpet he saith: Ha, ha: he smelleth the
battle afar off, the encouraging of the captains, and the shouting of
39:26. Doth the hawk wax feathered by thy wisdom, spreading her wings
to the south?
39:27. Will the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest in
39:28. She abideth among the rocks, and dwelleth among cragged flints,
and stony hills, where there is no access.
39:29. From thence she looketh for the prey, and her eyes behold afar
39:30. Her young ones shall suck up blood: and wheresoever the carcass
shall be, she is immediately there.
39:31. And the Lord went on, and said to Job:
39:32. Shall he that contendeth with God be so easily silenced? surely
he that reproveth God, ought to answer him.
39:33. Then Job answered the Lord, and said:
39:34. What can I answer, who hath spoken inconsiderately? I will lay
my hand upon my mouth.
Spoken inconsiderately. . .If we discuss all Job's words (saith St.
Gregory), we shall find nothing impiously spoken; as may be gathered
from the words of the Lord himself, chap. 42, ver. 7, 8; but what was
reprehensible in him, was the manner of expressing himself at times,
speaking too much of his own affliction, and too little of God's
goodness towards him, which here he acknowledges as inconsiderate.
39:35. One thing I have spoken, which I wish I had not said: and
another, to which I will add no more.
Job Chapter 40
Of the power of God in the behemoth and the leviathan.
40:1. And the Lord answering Job out of the whirlwind, said:
40:2. Gird up thy loins like a man: I will ask thee, and do thou tell
40:3. Wilt thou make void my judgment: and condemn me, that thou mayst
40:4. And hast thou an arm like God, and canst thou thunder with a
voice like him?
40:5. Clothe thyself with beauty, and set thyself up on high, and be
glorious, and put on goodly garments.
40:6. Scatter the proud in thy indignation, and behold every arrogant
man, and humble him.
40:7. Look on all that are proud, and confound them, and crush the
wicked in their place,
40:8. Hide them in the dust together, and plunge their faces into the
40:9. Then I will confess that thy right hand is able to save thee.
40:10. Behold behemoth whom I made with thee, he eateth grass like an
Behemoth. . .In Hebrew, behema, which signifies in general an animal;
but many authors explain, that here it is put for the elephant.
40:11. His strength is in his loins, and his force in the navel of his
40:12. He setteth up his tail like a cedar, the sinews of his testicles
are wrapped together.
40:13. His bones are like pipes of brass, his gristle like plates of
40:14. He is the beginning of the ways of God, who made him, he will
apply his sword.
He will apply his sword. . .This text is variously explained: some
explain the sword, the horn given to the animal for his defence:
others, the power that God hath given to the animal for his defence:
others, the power that God hath given to man to slay him,
notwithstanding his great size and strength.
40:15. To him the mountains bring forth grass: there all the beasts of
the field shall play.
40:16. He sleepeth under the shadow, in the covert of the reed, and in
40:17. The shades cover his shadow, the willows of the brook shall
compass him about.
40:18. Behold, he will drink up a river, and not wonder: and he
trusteth that the Jordan may run into his mouth.
40:19. In his eyes as with a hook he shall take him, and bore through
his nostrils with stakes.
40:20. Canst thou draw out the leviathan with a hook, or canst thou tie
his tongue with a cord?
Leviathan. . .The whale or some sea monster.
40:21. Canst thou put a ring in his nose, or bore through his jaw with
40:22. Will he make many supplications to thee, or speak soft words to
40:23. Will he make a covenant with thee, and wilt thou take him to be
a servant for ever,
40:24. Shalt thou play with him as with a bird, or tie him up for thy
40:25. Shall friends cut him in pieces, shall merchants divide him?
40:26. Wilt thou fill nets with his skin, and the cabins of fishes with
40:27. Lay thy hand upon him: remember the battle, and speak no more.
40:28. Behold his hope shall fail him, and in the sight of all he shall
be cast down.
Job Chapter 41
A further description of the leviathan.
41:1. I will not stir him up, like one that is cruel, for who can
resist my countenance?
41:2. Who hath given me before that I should repay him? All things that
are under heaven are mine.
41:3. I will not spare him, nor his mighty words, and framed to make
41:4. Who can discover the face of his garment? or who can go into the
midst of his mouth?
41:5. Who can open the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round
41:6. His body is like molten shields, shut close up with scales
pressing upon one another.
41:7. One is joined to another, and not so much as any air can come
41:8. They stick one to another and they hold one another fast, and
shall not be separated.
41:9. His sneezing is like the shining of fire, and his eyes like the
eyelids of the morning.
41:10. Out of his mouth go forth lamps, like torches of lighted fire.
41:11. Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, like that of a pot heated and
41:12. His breath kindleth coals, and a flame cometh forth out of his
41:13. In his neck strength shall dwell, and want goeth before his
41:14. The members of his flesh cleave one to another: he shall send
lightnings against him, and they shall not be carried to another place.
41:15. His heart shall be as hard as a stone, and as firm as a smith's
41:16. When he shall raise him up, the angels shall fear, and being
affrighted shall purify themselves.
Angels. . .Elim, Hebrew: which signifies here, the mighty, the most
valiant, shall fear this monstrous fish, and in their fear shall seek
to be purified.
41:17. When a sword shall lay at him, it shall not be able to hold, nor
a spear, nor a breastplate.
41:18. For he shall esteem iron as straw, and brass as rotten wood.
41:19. The archer shall not put him to flight, the stones of the sling
are to him like stubble.
41:20. As stubble will he esteem the hammer, and he will laugh him to
scorn who shaketh the spear.
41:21. The beams of the sun shall be under him, and he shall strew gold
under him like mire.
Under him. . .He shall not value the beams of the sun; and gold to him
shall be like mire.
41:22. He shall make the deep sea to boil like a pot, and shall make it
as when ointments boil.
41:23. A path shall shine after him, he shall esteem the deep as
The deep as growing old. . .Growing hoary, as it were with the froth
which he leaves behind him.
41:24. There is no power upon earth that can be compared with him who
was made to fear no one,
41:25. He beholdeth every high thing, he is king over all the children
He is king, etc. . .He is superior in strength to all that are great and
strong amongst living creatures: mystically it is understood of the
devil, who is king over all the proud.
Job Chapter 42
Job submits himself. God pronounces in his favour. Job offers sacrifice
for his friends. He is blessed with riches and children, and dies
42:1. Then Job answered the Lord, and said:
42:2. I know that thou canst do all things, and no thought is hid from
42:3. Who is this that hideth counsel without knowledge? Therefore I
have spoken unwisely, and things that above measure exceeded my
42:4. Hear, and I will speak: I will ask thee, and do thou tell me.
42:5. With the hearing of the ear, I have heard thee, but now my eye
42:6. Therefore I reprehend myself, and do penance in dust and ashes.
42:7. And after the Lord had spoken these words to Job, he said to
Eliphaz the Themanite: My wrath is kindled against thee, and against
thy two friends, because you have not spoken the thing that is right
before me, as my servant Job hath.
42:8. Take unto you therefore seven oxen and seven rams, and go to my
servant Job, and offer for yourselves a holocaust, and my servant Job
shall pray for you: his face I will accept, that folly be not imputed
to you: for you have not spoken right things before me, as my servant
42:9. So Eliphaz the Themanite, and Baldad the Suhite, and Sophar the
Naamathite went, and did as the Lord had spoken to them, and the Lord
accepted the face of Job.
42:10. The Lord also was turned at the penance of Job, when he prayed
for his friends. And the Lord gave Job twice as much as he had before.
42:11. And all his brethren came to him, and all his sisters, and all
that knew him before, and they ate bread with him in his house: and
bemoaned him, and comforted him upon all the evil that God had brought
upon him. And every man gave him one ewe, and one earring of gold.
42:12. And the Lord blessed the latter end of Job more than his
beginning. And he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels,
and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses.
42:13. And he had seven sons, and three daughters.
42:14. And he called the name of one Dies, and the name of the second
Cassia, and the name of the third Cornustibii.
42:15. And there were not found in all the earth women so beautiful as
the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among
42:16. And Job lived after these things, a hundred and forty years, and
he saw his children, and his children's children, unto the fourth
generation, and he died an old man, and full of days.