Part 3 out of 30
35:8. At the same time Debora, the nurse of Rebecca, died, and was
buried at the foot of Bethel, under an oak, and the name of that place
was called, The oak of weeping.
35:9. And God appeared again to Jacob, after he returned from
Mesopotamia of Syria, and he blessed him,
35:10. Saying: Thou shalt not be called any more Jacob, but Israel
shall be thy name. And he called him Israel.
Israel. . .This name signifieth one that prevaileth with God.
35:11. And said to him: I am God almighty, increase thou and be
multiplied. Nations and peoples of nations shall be from thee, and
kings shall come out of thy loins.
35:12. And the land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac, I will give to
thee, and to thy seed after thee.
35:13. And he departed from him.
35:14. But he set up a monument of stone, in the place where God had
spoken to him: pouring drink-offerings upon it, and pouring oil
35:15. And calling the name of that place Bethel.
35:16. And going forth from thence, he came in the spring time to the
land which leadeth to Ephrata: wherein when Rachel was in travail,
35:17. By reason of her hard labour, she began to be in danger, and the
midwife said to her: Fear not, for thou shalt have this son also.
35:18. And when her soul was departing for pain, and death was now at
hand, she called the name of her son Benoni, that is, the son of my
pain: but his father called him Benjamin, that is, the son of the right
35:19. So Rachel died, and was buried in the highway that leadeth to
Ephrata, this is Bethlehem.
35:20. And Jacob erected a pillar over her sepulchre: this is the
pillar of Rachel's monument, to this day.
35:21. Departing thence, he pitched his tent beyond the Flock tower.
35:22. And when he dwelt in that country, Ruben went, and slept with
Bala the concubine of his father: which he was not ignorant of. Now the
sons of Jacob were twelve.
The concubine. . .She was his lawful wife; but, according to the style
of the Hebrews, is called concubine, because of her servile extraction.
35:23. The sons of Lia: Ruben the first born, and Simeon, and Levi, and
Juda, and Issachar, and Zabulon.
35:24. The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.
35:25. The sons of Bala, Rachel's handmaid: Dan and Nephthali.
35:26. The sons of Zelpha, Lia's handmaid: Gad and Aser: these are the
sons of Jacob, that were born to him in Mesopotamia of Syria.
35:27. And he came to Isaac his father in Mambre, the city of Arbee,
this is Hebron: wherein Abraham and Isaac sojourned.
35:28. And the days of Isaac were a hundred and eighty years.
35:29. And being spent with age he died, and was gathered to his
people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried
Genesis Chapter 36
Esau with his wives and children parteth from Jacob. An account of his
descendants, and of the first kings of Edom.
36:1. And these are the generations of Esau, the same is Edom.
36:2. Esau took wives of the daughters of Chanaan: Ada the daughter of
Elon the Hethite, and Oolibama the daughter of Ana, the daughter of
Sebeon the Hevite:
Ada. . .These wives of Esau are called by other names, Gen. 26. But it
was very common amongst the ancients for the same persons to have two
names, as Esau himself was also called Edom.
36:3. And Basemath, the daughter of Ismael, sister of Nabajoth.
36:4. And Ada bore Eliphaz: Basemath bore Rahuel.
36:5. Oolibama bore Jehus, and Ihelon, and Core. These are the sons of
Esau, that were born to him in the land of Chanaan.
36:6. And Esau took his wives, and his sons and daughters, and every
soul of his house, and his substance, and cattle, and all that he was
able to acquire in the land of Chanaan: and went into another country,
and departed from his brother Jacob.
36:7. For they were exceeding rich, and could not dwell together:
neither was the land in which they sojourned able to bear them, for the
multitude of their flocks.
36:8. And Esau dwelt in mount Seir: he is Edom.
36:9. And these are the generations of Esau, the father of Edom, in
36:10. And these the names of his sons: Eliphaz the son of Ada, the
wife of Esau: and Rahuel, the son of Basemath, his wife.
36:11. And Eliphaz had sons: Theman, Omar, Sepho, and Gatham and Cenez.
36:12. And Thamna was the concubine of Eliphaz, the son of Esau: and
she bore him Amalech. These are the sons of Ada, the wife of Esau.
36:13. And the sons of Rahuel were Nahath and Zara, Samma and Meza.
These were the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau.
36:14. And these were the sons of Oolibama, the daughter of Ana, the
daughter of Sebeon, the wife of Esau, whom she bore to him, Jehus, and
Ihelon, and Core.
36:15. These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz, the
firstborn of Esau: duke Theman, duke Omar, duke Sepho, duke Cenez,
36:16. Duke Core, duke Gatham, duke Amalech: these are the sons of
Eliphaz, in the land of Edom, and these the sons of Ada.
36:17. And these were the sons of Rahuel, the son of Esau: duke Nahath,
duke Zara, duke Samma, duke Meza. And these are the dukes of Rahuel, in
the land of Edom: these the sons of Basemath, the wife of Esau.
36:18. And these the sons of Oolibama, the wife of Esau: duke Jehus,
duke Ihelon, duke Core. These are the dukes of Oolibama, the daughter
of Ana, and wife of Esau.
36:19. These are the sons of Esau, and these the dukes of them: the
same is Edom.
36:20. These are the sons of Seir, the Horrite, the inhabitants of the
land: Lotan, and Sobal, and Sebeon, and Ana,
36:21. And Dison, and Eser, and Disan. These are dukes of the Horrites,
the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom.
36:22. And Lotan had sons: Hori and Heman. And the sister of Lotan was
36:23. And these the sons of Sobal: Alvan, and Manahat, and Ebal, and
Sepho, and Onam.
36:24. And these the sons of Sebeon: Aia and Ana. This is Ana that
found the hot waters in the wilderness, when he fed the asses of
Sebeon, his father:
36:25. And he had a son Dison, and a daughter Oolibama.
36:26. And these were the sons of Dison: Hamdan, and Eseban, and
Jethram, and Charan.
36:27. These also were the sons of Eser: Balaan, and Zavan, and Acan.
36:28. And Dison had sons: Hus and Aram.
36:29. These were dukes of the Horrites: duke Lotan, duke Sobal, duke
Sebeon, duke Ana,
36:30. Duke Dison, duke Eser, duke Disan: these were dukes of the
Horrites that ruled in the land of Seir.
36:31. And the kings that ruled in the land of Edom, before the
children of Israel had a king, were these:
36:32. Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his city Denaba.
36:33. And Bela died, and Jobab, the son of Zara, of Bosra, reigned in
36:34. And when Jobab was dead, Husam, of the land of the Themanites,
reigned in his stead.
36:35. And after his death, Adad, the son of Badad, reigned in his
stead, who defeated the Madianites in the country of Boab; and the name
of his city was Avith.
36:36. And when Adad was dead, there reigned in his stead, Semla, of
36:37. And he being dead, Saul, of the river Rohoboth, reigned in his
36:38. And when he also was dead, Balanan, the son of Achobor,
succeeded to the kingdom.
36:39. This man also being dead, Adar reigned in his place; and the
name of his city was Phau: and his wife was called Meetabel, the
daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezaab.
36:40. And these are the names of the dukes of Esau in their kindreds,
and places, and callings: duke Thamna, duke Alva, duke Jetheth,
36:41. Duke Oolibama, duke Ela, duke Phinon,
36:42. Duke Cenez, duke Theman, duke Mabsar,
36:43. Duke Magdiel, duke Hiram: these are the dukes of Edom dwelling
in the land of their government; the same is Esau, the father of the
Genesis Chapter 37
Joseph's dreams: he is sold by his brethren, and carried into Egypt.
37:1. And Jacob dwelt in the land of Chanaan, wherein his father
37:2. And these are his generations: Joseph, when he was sixteen years
old, was feeding the flock with his brethren, being but a boy: and he
was with the sons of Bala and of Zelpha his father's wives: and he
accused his brethren to his father of a most wicked crime.
37:3. Now Israel loved Joseph above all his sons, because he had him in
his old age: and he made him a coat of divers colours.
37:4. And his brethren seeing that he was loved by his father, more
than all his sons, hated hem, and could not speak peaceably to him.
37:5. Now it fell out also that he told his brethren a dream, that he
had dreamed: which occasioned them to hate him the more.
A dream. . .These dreams of Joseph were prophetical, and sent from God;
as were also those which he interpreted, Gen. 40. and 41.; otherwise
generally speaking, the observing of dreams is condemned in the
Scripture, as superstitious and sinful. See Deut. 18.10; Eccli. 34.2,3.
37:6. And he said to them: Hear my dream which I dreamed.
37:7. I thought we were binding sheaves in the field: and my sheaf
arose as it were, and stood, and your sheaves standing about bowed down
before my sheaf.
37:8. His brethren answered: Shalt thou be our king? or shall we be
subject to thy dominion? Therefore this matter of his dreams and words
ministered nourishment to their envy and hatred.
37:9. He dreamed also another dream, which he told his brethren,
saying: I saw in a dream, as it were the sun, and the moon, and eleven
stars worshipping me.
37:10. And when he had told this to his father, and brethren, his
father rebuked him and said: What meaneth this dream that thou hast
dreamed? shall I and thy mother, and thy brethren worship thee upon the
Worship. . .This word is not used here to signify divine worship, but an
inferior veneration, expressed by the bowing of the body, and that,
according to the manner of the eastern nations, down to the ground.
37:11. His brethren therefore envied him: but his father considered the
thing with himself.
37:12. And when his brethren abode in Sechem, feeding their father's
37:13. Israel said to him: Thy brethren feed the sheep in Sichem: come,
I will send thee to them. And when he answered:
37:14. I am ready: he said to him: Go, and see if all things be well
with thy brethren, and the cattle: and bring me word again what is
doing. So being sent from the vale of Hebron, he came to Sichem:
37:15. And a man found him there wandering in the field, and asked what
37:16. But he answered: I seek my brethren, tell me where they feed the
37:17. And the man said to him: They are departed from this place: for
I heard them say: Let us go to Dothain. And Joseph went forward after
his brethren, and found them in Dothain.
37:18. And when they saw him afar off, before he came nigh them, they
thought to kill him:
37:19. And said one to another: Behold the dreamer cometh.
37:20. Come, let us kill him, and cast him into some old pit: and we
will say: Some evil beast hath devoured him: and then it shall appear
what his dreams avail him:
37:21. And Ruben hearing this, endeavoured to deliver him out of their
hands, and said:
37:22. Do not take away his life, nor shed his blood: but cast him into
this pit, that is in the wilderness, and keep your hands harmless: now
he said this, being desirous to deliver him out of their hands and to
restore him to his father.
37:23. And as soon as he came to his brethren, they forthwith stript
him of his outside coat, that was of divers colours:
37:24. And cast him into an old pit where there was not water.
37:25. And sitting down to eat bread, they saw some Ismaelites on their
way coming from Galaad, with their camels, carrying spices, and balm,
and myrrh to Egypt.
37:26. And Juda said to his brethren: What will it profit us to kill
our brother, and conceal his blood?
37:27. It is better that he be sold to the Ismaelites, and that our
hands be not defiled: for he is our brother and our flesh. His brethren
agreed to his words.
37:28. And when the Madianite merchants passed by, they drew him out of
the pit, and sold him to the Ismaelites, for twenty pieces of silver:
and they led him into Egypt.
37:29. And Ruben returning to the pit, found not the boy:
37:30. And rending his garments he went to his brethren, and said: The
boy doth not appear, and whither shall I go?
37:31. And they took his coat, and dipped it in the blood of a kid,
which they had killed:
37:32. Sending some to carry it to their father, and to say: This we
have found: see whether it be thy son's coat, or not.
37:33. And the father acknowledging it, said: It is my son's coat, an
evil wild beast hath eaten him, a beast hath devoured Joseph.
37:34. And tearing his garments, he put on sackcloth, mourning for his
son a long time.
37:35. And all his children being gathered together to comfort their
father in his sorrow, he would not receive comfort, but said: I will go
down to my son into hell, mourning. And whilst he continued weeping,
Into hell. . .That is, into limbo, the place where the souls of the just
were received before the death of our Redeemer. For allowing that the
word hell sometimes is taken for the grave, it cannot be so taken in
this place; since Jacob did not believe his son to be in the grave,
(whom he supposed to be devoured by a wild beast,) and therefore could
not mean to go down to him thither: but certainly meant the place of
rest where he believed his soul to be.
37:36. The Madianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Putiphar, an eunuch of
Pharao, captain of the soldiers.
An eunuch. . .This word sometimes signifies a chamberlain, courtier, or
officer of the king: and so it is taken in this place.
Genesis Chapter 38
The sons of Juda: the death of Her and Onan: the birth of Phares and
38:1. At that time Juda went down from his brethren, and turned in to a
certain Odollamite, named Hiras.
38:2. And he saw there the daughter of a man of Chanaan, called Sue:
and taking her to wife, he went in unto her.
38:3. And she conceived, and bore a son, and called his name Her.
38:4. And conceiving again, she bore a son, and called him Onan.
38:5. She bore also a third: whom she called Sela. After whose birth,
she ceased to bear any more.
38:6. And Juda took a wife for Her, his first born, whose name was
38:7. And Her, the first born of Juda, was wicked in the sight of the
Lord: and was slain by him.
38:8. Juda, therefore, said to Onan his son: Go in to thy brother's
wife and marry her, that thou mayst raise seed to thy brother.
38:9. He knowing that the children should not be his, when he went in
to his brother's wife, he spilled his seed upon the ground, lest
children should be born in his brother's name.
38:10. And therefore the Lord slew him, because he did a detestable
38:11. Wherefore Juda said to Thamar his daughter-in-law: Remain a
widow in thy father's house, till Sela my son grow up: for he was
afraid lest he also might die, as his brethren did. She went her way,
and dwelt in her father's house.
38:12. And after many days were past: the daughter of Sue the wife of
Juda died: and when he had taken comfort after his mourning, he went up
to Thamnas, to the shearers of his sheep, he and Hiras the Odollamite,
the shepherd of his flock.
38:13. And it was told Thamar that her father-in-law was come up to
Thamnas to shear his sheep.
38:14. And she put off the garments of her widowhood, and took a veil:
and changing her dress, sat in the cross way, that leadeth to Thamnas:
because Sela was grown up, and she had not been married to him.
38:15. When Juda saw her, he thought she was a harlot: for she had
covered her face, lest she should be known.
38:16. And going to her, he said: Suffer me to lie with thee: for he
knew her not to be his daughter-in-law. And she answered: What wilt
thou give me to enjoy my company?
38:17. He said: I will send thee a kid out of the flock. And when she
said again: I will suffer what thou wilt, if thou give me a pledge,
till thou send what thou promisest.
38:18. Juda said: What wilt thou have for a pledge? She answered: Thy
ring and bracelet, and the staff which thou holdest in thy hand. The
woman therefore at one copulation conceived.
38:19. And she arose and went her way: and putting off the apparel
which she had taken, put on the garments of her widowhood.
38:20. And Juda sent a kid by his shepherd, the Odollamite, that he
might receive the pledge again, which he had given to the woman: but
he, not finding her,
38:21. Asked the men of that place: Where is the woman that sat in the
cross way? And when they all made answer: There was no harlot in this
38:22. He returned to Juda, and said to him: I have not found her;
moreover, the men of that place said to me, that there never sat a
38:23. Juda said: Let her take it to herself, surely she cannot charge
us with a lie, I sent the kid which I promised: and thou didst not find
38:24. And behold, after three months, they told Juda, saying: Thamar,
thy daughter-in-law, hath played the harlot, and she appeareth to have
a big belly. And Juda said: Bring her out that she may be burnt.
38:25. But when she was led to execution, she sent to her father in
law, saying: By the man, to whom these things belong, I am with child.
See whose ring, and bracelet, and staff this is.
38:26. But he acknowledging the gifts, said: She is juster than I:
because I did not give her to Sela, my son. However he knew her no
38:27. And when she was ready to be brought to bed, there appeared
twins in her womb: and in the very delivery of the infants, one put
forth a hand, whereon the midwife tied a scarlet thread, saying:
38:28. This shall come forth the first.
38:29. But he drawing back his hand, the other came forth: and the
woman said: Why is the partition divided for thee? and therefore called
his name Phares.
Phares. . .That is, a breach or division.
38:30. Afterwards his brother came out, on whose hand was the scarlet
thread: and she called his name Zara.
Genesis Chapter 39
Joseph hath charge of his master's house: rejecteth his mistress's
solicitations: is falsely accused by her, and cast into prison, where
he hath the charge of all the prisoners.
39:1. And Joseph was brought into Egypt, and Putiphar, an eunuch of
Pharao, chief captain of the army, an Egyptian, bought him of the
Ismaelites, by whom he was brought.
39:2. And the Lord was with him, and he was a prosperous man in all
things: and he dwelt in his master's house:
39:3. Who knew very well that the Lord was with him, and made all that
he did to prosper in his hand.
39:4. And Joseph found favour in the sight of his master, and
ministered to him: and being set over all by him, he governed the house
committed to him, and all things that were delivered to him:
39:5. And the Lord blessed the house of the Egyptian for Joseph's sake,
and multiplied all his substance, both at home and in the fields.
39:6. Neither knew he any other thing, but the bread which he ate. And
Joseph was of a beautiful countenance, and comely to behold.
39:7. And after many days, his mistress cast her eyes on Joseph, and
said: Lie with me.
39:8. But he in no wise consenting to that wicked act said to her:
Behold, my master hath delivered all things to me, and knoweth not what
he hath in his own house:
39:9. Neither is there any thing which is not in my power, or that he
hath not delivered to me, but thee, who art his wife; how then can I do
this wicked thing, and sin against my God?
39:10. With such words as these day by day, both the woman was
importunate with the young man, and he refused the adultery.
39:11. Now it happened on a certain day, that Joseph went into the
house, and was doing some business, without any man with him:
39:12. And she catching the skirt of his garment, said: Lie with me.
But he leaving the garment in her hand, fled, and went out.
39:13. And when the woman saw the garment in her hands, and herself
39:14. She called to her the men of her house, and said to them: See,
he hath brought in a Hebrew, to abuse us: he came in to me, to lie with
me; and when I cried out,
39:15. And he heard my voice, he left the garment that I held, and got
39:16. For a proof therefore of her fidelity, she kept the garment, and
shewed it to her husband when he returned home:
A proof of her fidelity. . .or an argument to gain credit, argumentum
39:17. And said: The Hebrew servant, whom thou hast brought, came to me
to abuse me.
39:18. And when he heard me cry, he left the garment which I held, and
39:19. His master hearing these things, and giving too much credit to
his wife's words, was very angry,
39:20. And cast Joseph into the prison, where the king's prisoners were
kept, and he was there shut up.
39:21. But the Lord was with Joseph, and having mercy upon him gave him
favour in the sight of the chief keeper of the prison:
39:22. Who delivered into his hand all the prisoners that were kept in
custody: and whatsoever was done, was under him.
39:23. Neither did he himself know any thing, having committed all
things to him: for the Lord was with him, and made all that he did to
Genesis Chapter 40
Joseph interpreteth the dreams of two of Pharao's servants in prison:
the event declareth the interpretations to be true, but Joseph is
40:1. After this, it came to pass, that two eunuchs, the butler and the
baker of the king of Egypt, offended their lord.
40:2. And Pharao being angry with them, (now the one was chief butler,
the other chief baker,)
40:3. He sent them to the prison of the commander of the soldiers, in
which Joseph also was prisoner.
40:4. But the keeper of the prison delivered them to Joseph, and he
served them. Some little time passed, and they were kept in custody.
40:5. And they both dreamed a dream the same night, according to the
interpretation agreeing to themselves:
40:6. And when Joseph was come into them in the morning, and saw them
40:7. He asked them, saying: Why is your countenance sadder today than
40:8. They answered: We have dreamed a dream, and there is nobody to
interpret it to us. And Joseph said to them: Doth not interpretation
belong to God? Tell me what you have dreamed:
Doth not interpretation belong to God?. . .When dreams are from God, as
these were, the interpretation of them is a gift of God. But the
generality of dreams are not of this sort; but either proceed from the
natural complexions and dispositions of persons, or the roving of their
imaginations in the day on such objects as they are much affected with,
or from their mind being disturbed with cares and troubles, and
oppressed with bodily infirmities: or they are suggested by evil
spirits, to flatter, or to terrify weak minds, in order to gain belief,
and so draw them into error or superstition; or at least to trouble
them in their sleep, whom they cannot move when they are awake: so that
the general rule, with regard to dreams, is not to observe them, nor to
give any credit to them.
40:9. The chief butler first told his dream: I saw before me a vine,
40:10. On which were three branches, which by little and little sent
out buds, and after the blossoms brought forth ripe grapes:
40:11. And the cup of Pharao was in my hand: and I took the grapes, and
pressed them into the cup which I held, and I gave the cup to Pharao.
40:12. Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the dream: The
three branches, are yet three days:
40:13. After which Pharao will remember thy service, and will restore
thee to thy former place: and thou shalt present him the cup according
to thy office, as before thou was wont to do.
40:14. Only remember me when it shall be well with thee, and do me this
kindness: to put Pharao in mind to take me out of this prison:
40:15. For I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews, and here
without any fault was cast into the dungeon.
40:16. The chief baker seeing that he had wisely interpreted the dream,
said: I also dreamed a dream, That I had three baskets of meal upon my
40:17. And that in one basket which was uppermost, I carried all meats
that are made by the art of baking, and that the birds ate out of it.
40:18. Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the dream: The
three baskets, are yet three days:
40:19. After which Pharao will take thy head from thee, and hang thee
on a cross, and the birds shall tear thy flesh.
40:20. The third day after this was the birthday of Pharao: and he made
a great feast for his servants, and at the banquet remembered the chief
butler, and the chief baker.
40:21. And he restored the one to his place, to present him the cup:
40:22. The other he hanged on a gibbet, that the truth of the
interpreter might be shewn.
40:23. But the chief butler, when things prospered with him, forgot his
Genesis Chapter 41
Joseph interpreteth the two dreams of Pharao: he is made ruler over all
41:1. After two years Pharao had a dream. He thought he stood by the
41:2. Out of which came up seven kine, very beautiful and fat: and they
fed in marshy places.
41:3. Other seven also came up out of the river, ill-favoured, and lean
fleshed: and they fed on the very bank of the river, in green places:
41:4. And they devoured them, whose bodies were very beautiful and well
conditioned. So Pharao awoke.
41:5. He slept again, and dreamed another dream: Seven ears of corn
came up upon one stalk full and fair:
41:6. Then seven other ears sprung up thin and blasted,
41:7. And devoured all the beauty of the former. Pharao awaked after
41:8. And when morning was come, being struck with fear, he sent to all
the interpreters of Egypt, and to all the wise men: and they being
called for, he told them his dream, and there was not any one that
could interpret it.
41:9. Then at length the chief butler remembering, said: I confess my
41:10. The king being angry with his servants, commanded me and the
chief baker to be cast into the prison of the captain of the soldiers.
41:11. Where in one night both of us dreamed a dream foreboding things
41:12. There was there a young man a Hebrew, servant to the same
captain of the soldiers: to whom we told our dreams,
41:13. And we heard what afterwards the event of the thing proved to be
so. For I was restored to my office: and he was hanged upon a gibbet.
41:14. Forthwith at the king's command Joseph was brought out of the
prison, and they shaved him: and changing his apparel brought him in to
41:15. And he said to him: I have dreamed dreams, and there is no one
that can expound them: Now I have heard that thou art very wise at
41:16. Joseph answered: Without me, God shall give Pharao a prosperous
41:17. So Pharao told what he had dreamed: Methought I stood upon the
bank of the river,
41:18. And seven kine came up out of the river, exceeding beautiful and
full of flesh: and they grazed on green places in a marshy pasture.
41:19. And behold, there followed these, other seven kine, so very
ill-favoured and lean, that I never saw the like in the land of Egypt:
41:20. And they devoured and consumed the former,
41:21. And yet gave no mark of their being full: but were as lean and
ill-favoured as before. I awoke, and then fell asleep again,
41:22. And dreamed a dream: Seven ears of corn grew up upon one stalk,
full and very fair.
41:23. Other seven also thin and blasted, sprung of the stalk:
41:24. And they devoured the beauty of the former: I told this dream to
the conjecturers, and there is no man that can expound it.
41:25. Joseph answered: The king's dream is one: God hath shewn to
Pharao what he is about to do.
41:26. The seven beautiful kine, and the seven full ears, are seven
years of plenty: and both contain the same meaning of the dream.
41:27. And the seven lean and thin kine that came up after them, and
the seven thin ears that were blasted with the burning wind, are seven
years of famine to come:
41:28. Which shall be fulfilled in this order.
41:29. Behold, there shall come seven years of great plenty in the
whole land of Egypt:
41:30. After which shall follow other seven years of so great scarcity,
that all the abundance before shall be forgotten: for the famine shall
consume all the land,
41:31. And the greatness of the scarcity shall destroy the greatness of
41:32. And for that thou didst see the second time a dream pertaining
to the same thing: it is a token of the certainty, and that the word of
God cometh to pass, and is fulfilled speedily.
41:33. Now therefore let the king provide a wise and industrious man,
and make him ruler over the land of Egypt:
41:34. That he may appoint overseers over all the countries: and gather
into barns the fifth part of the fruits, during the seven fruitful
41:35. That shall now presently ensue: and let all the corn be laid up,
under Pharao's hands, and be reserved in the cities.
41:36. And let it be in readiness, against the famine of seven years to
come, which shall oppress Egypt, and the land shall not be consumed
41:37. The counsel pleased Pharao, and all his servants.
41:38. And he said to them: Can we find such another man, that is full
of the spirit of God?
41:39. He said therefore to Joseph: Seeing God hath shewn thee all that
thou hast said, can I find one wiser and one like unto thee?
41:40. Thou shalt be over my house, and at the commandment of thy mouth
all the people shall obey: only in the kingly throne will I be above
41:41. And again Pharao said to Joseph: Behold, I have appointed thee
over the whole land of Egypt.
41:42. And he took his ring from his own hand, and gave it into his
hand: and he put upon him a robe of silk, and put a chain of gold about
41:43. And he made him go up into his second chariot, the crier
proclaiming that all should bow their knee before him, and that they
should know he was made governor over the whole land of Egypt.
41:44. And the king said to Joseph: I am Pharao: without thy
commandment no man shall move hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.
41:45. And he turned his name, and called him in the Egyptian tongue
the saviour of the world. And he gave him to wife Aseneth, the daughter
of Putiphare, priest of Heliopolis. Then Joseph went out to the land of
The saviour of the world. . .Zaphnah paaneah.
41:46. (Now he was thirty years old when he stood before king Pharao),
and he went round all the countries of Egypt.
41:47. And the fruitfulness of the seven years came: and the corn being
bound up into sheaves, was gathered together into the barns of Egypt.
41:48. And all the abundance of grain was laid up in every city.
41:49. And there was so great abundance of wheat, that it was equal to
the sand of the sea, and the plenty exceeded measure.
41:50. And before the famine came, Joseph had two sons born: whom
Aseneth, the daughter of Putiphare, priest of Heliopolis, bore unto
41:51. And he called the name of the firstborn Manasses, saying: God
hath made me to forget all my labours, and my father's house.
Manasses. . .That is, oblivion, or forgetting.
41:52. And he named the second Ephraim, saying: God hath made me to
grow in the land of my poverty.
Ephraim. . .That is, fruitful, or growing.
41:53. Now when the seven years of plenty that had been in Egypt were
41:54. The seven years of scarcity, which Joseph had foretold, began to
come: and the famine prevailed in the whole world, but there was bread
in all the land of Egypt.
41:55. And when there also they began to be famished, the people cried
to Pharao, for food. And he said to them: Go to Joseph: and do all
that he shall say to you.
41:56. And the famine increased daily in all the land: and Joseph
opened all the barns, and sold to the Egyptians: for the famine had
oppressed them also.
41:57. And all provinces came into Egypt, to buy food, and to seek some
relief of their want.
Genesis Chapter 42
Jacob sendeth his ten sons to buy corn in Egypt. Their treatment by
42:1. And Jacob hearing that food was sold in Egypt, said to his sons:
Why are ye careless?
42:2. I have heard that wheat is sold in Egypt: Go ye down, and buy us
necessaries, that we may live, and not be consumed with want.
42:3. So the ten brethren of Joseph went down, to buy corn in Egypt:
42:4. Whilst Benjamin was kept at home by Jacob, who said to his
brethren: Lest perhaps he take any harm in the journey.
42:5. And they entered into the land of Egypt with others that went to
buy. For the famine was in the land of Chanaan.
42:6. And Joseph was governor in the land of Egypt, and corn was sold
by his direction to the people. And when his brethren had bowed down to
42:7. And he knew them, he spoke as it were to strangers, somewhat
roughly, asking them: Whence came you? They answered: From the land of
Chanaan, to buy necessaries of life.
42:8. And though he knew his brethren, he was not known by them.
42:9. And remembering the dreams, which formerly he had dreamed, he
said to them: You are spies. You are come to view the weaker parts of
You are spies. . .This he said by way of examining them, to see what
they would answer.
42:10. But they said: It is not so, my lord; but thy servants are come
to buy food.
42:11. We are all the sons of one man: we are come as peaceable men,
neither do thy servants go about any evil.
42:12. And he answered them: It is otherwise: you are come to consider
the unfenced parts of this land.
42:13. But they said: We thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of
one man in the land of Chanaan: the youngest is with our father, the
other is not living.
42:14. He saith, This is it that I said: You are spies.
42:15. I shall now presently try what you are: by the health of Pharao,
you shall not depart hence, until your youngest brother come.
42:16. Send one of you to fetch him: and you shall be in prison, till
what you have said be proved, whether it be true or false: or else by
the health of Pharao you are spies.
Or else by the health of Pharao you are spies. . .That is, if these
things you say be proved false, you are to be held for spies for your
lying, and shall be treated as such. Joseph dealt in this manner with
his brethren, to bring them by the means of affliction to a sense of
their former sin, and a sincere repentance for it.
42:17. So he put them in prison three days.
42:18. And the third day he brought them out of prison, and said: Do as
I have said, and you shall live: for I fear God.
42:19. If you be peaceable men, let one of your brethren be bound in
prison: and go ye your ways, and carry the corn that you have bought,
unto your houses.
42:20. And bring your youngest brother to me, that I may find your
words to be true, and you may not die. They did as he had said.
42:21. And they talked one to another: We deserve to suffer these
things, because we have sinned against our brother, seeing the anguish
of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear: therefore is
this affliction come upon us.
42:22. And Ruben, one of them, said: Did not I say to you: Do not sin
against the boy; and you would not hear me? Behold his blood is
42:23. And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he spoke to
them by an interpreter.
42:24. And he turned himself away a little while, and wept: and
returning, he spoke to them.
42:25. And taking Simeon, and binding him in their presence, he
commanded his servants to fill their sacks with wheat, and to put every
man's money again in their sacks, and to give them besides provisions
for the way: and they did so.
42:26. But they having loaded their asses with the corn went their way.
42:27. And one of them opening his sack, to give his beast provender in
the inn, saw the money in the sack's mouth,
42:28. And said to his brethren: My money is given me again; behold it
is in the sack. And they were astonished, and troubled, and said to one
another: What is this that God hath done unto us?
42:29. And they came to Jacob their father in the land of Chanaan, and
they told him all things that had befallen them, saying:
42:30. The lord of the land spoke roughly to us, and took us to be
spies of the country.
42:31. And we answered him: We are peaceable men, and we mean no plot.
42:32. We are twelve brethren born of one father: one is not living,
the youngest is with our father in the land of Chanaan.
42:33. And he said to us: Hereby shall I know that you are peaceable
men: Leave one of your brethren with me, and take ye necessary
provision for your houses, and go your ways,
42:34. And bring your youngest brother to me, that I may know you are
not spies: and you may receive this man again, that is kept in prison:
and afterwards may have leave to buy what you will.
42:35. When they had told this, they poured out their corn, and every
man found his money tied in the mouth of his sack: and all being
42:36. Their father Jacob said: You have made me to be without
children: Joseph is not living, Simeon is kept in bonds, and Benjamin
you will take away: all these evils are fallen upon me.
42:37. And Ruben answered him: Kill my two sons, if I bring him not
again to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will restore him to
42:38. But he said: My son shall not go down with you: his brother is
dead, and he is left alone: if any mischief befall him in the land to
which you go, you will bring down my grey hairs with sorrow to hell.
To hell. . .That is, to that place, where the souls then remained, as
above, chapter 37. ver. 35.
Genesis Chapter 43
The sons of Jacob go again into Egypt with Benjamin. They are
entertained by Joseph.
43:1. In the mean time the famine was heavy upon all the land.
43:2. And when they had eaten up all the corn, which they had brought
out of Egypt, Jacob said to his sons: Go again, and buy us a little
43:3. Juda answered: The man declared unto us with the attestation of
an oath, saying: You shall not see my face, unless you bring your
youngest brother with you.
43:4. If therefore thou wilt send him with us, we will set out
together, and will buy necessaries for thee.
43:5. But if thou wilt not, we will not go: for the man, as we have
often said, declared unto us, saying: You shall not see my face without
your youngest brother.
43:6. Israel said to them: You have done this for my misery, in that
you told him you had also another brother.
43:7. But they answered: The man asked us in order concerning our
kindred: if our father lived: if we had a brother: and we answered him
regularly, according to what he demanded: could we know that he would
say: Bring hither your brother with you?
43:8. And Juda said to his father: Send the boy with me, that we may
set forward, and may live: lest both we and our children perish.
43:9. I take the boy upon me, require him at my hand: unless I bring
him again, and restore him to thee, I will be guilty of sin against
thee for ever.
43:10. If delay had not been made, we had been here again the second
43:11. Then Israel said to them: If it must needs be so, do what you
will: take of the best fruits of the land in your vessels, and carry
down presents to the man, a little balm, and honey, and storax, myrrh,
turpentine, and almonds.
Balm. . .Literally rosin, resinae; but here by that name is meant balm.
43:12. And take with you double money, and carry back what you found in
your sacks, lest perhaps it was done by mistake.
43:13. And take also your brother, and go to the man.
43:14. And may my almighty God make him favourable to you: and send
back with you your brother, whom he keepeth, and this Benjamin: and as
for me I shall be desolate without children.
43:15. So the men took the presents, and double money, and Benjamin:
and went down into Egypt, and stood before Joseph.
43:16. And when he had seen them, and Benjamin with them, he commanded
the steward of his house, saying: Bring in the men into the house, and
kill victims, and prepare a feast: because they shall eat with me at
43:17. He did as he was commanded, and brought the men into the house.
43:18. And they being much afraid, said there one to another: Because
of the money, which we carried back the first time in our sacks, we are
brought in: that he may bring upon us a false accusation, and by
violence make slaves of us and our asses.
43:19. Wherefore, going up to the steward of the house, at the door,
43:20. They said: Sir, we desire thee to hear us. We came down once
before to buy food:
43:21. And when we had bought, and were come to the inn, we opened our
sacks, and found our money in the mouths of the sacks: which we have
now brought again in the same weight.
43:22. And we have brought other money besides, to buy what we want: we
cannot tell who put it in our bags.
43:23. But he answered: Peace be with you, fear not: your God, and the
God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks. For the
money, which you gave me, I have for good. And he brought Simeon out to
43:24. And having brought them into the house, he fetched water, and
they washed their feet, and he gave provender to their asses.
43:25. But they made ready the presents, against Joseph came at noon:
for they had heard that they should eat bread there.
43:26. Then Joseph came in to his house, and they offered him the
presents, holding them in their hands; and they bowed down with their
face to the ground.
43:27. But he courteously saluting them again, asked them, saying: Is
the old man your father in health, of whom you told me? Is he yet
43:28. And they answered: Thy servant our father, is in health; he is
yet living. And bowing themselves, they made obeisance to him.
43:29. And Joseph lifting up his eyes, saw Benjamin, his brother by the
same mother, and said: Is this your young brother, of whom you told me?
And he said: God be gracious to thee, my son.
43:30. And he made haste, because his heart was moved upon his brother,
and tears gushed out: and going into his chamber, he wept.
43:31. And when he had washed his face, coming out again, he refrained
himself, and said: Set bread on the table.
43:32. And when it was set on, for Joseph apart, and for his brethren
apart, for the Egyptians also that ate with him apart, (for it is
unlawful for the Egyptians to eat with the Hebrews, and they think such
a feast profane):
43:33. They sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright,
and the youngest according to his age. And they wondered very much;
43:34. Taking the messes which they received of him: and the greater
mess came to Benjamin, so that it exceeded by five parts. And they
drank, and were merry with him.
Genesis Chapter 44
Joseph's contrivance to stop his brethren. The humble supplication of
44:1. And Joseph commanded the steward of his house, saying: Fill their
sacks with corn, as much as they can hold: and put the money of every
one in the top of his sack.
44:2. And in the mouth of the younger's sack put my silver cup, and the
price which he gave for the wheat. And it was so done.
44:3. And when the morning arose, they were sent away with their asses.
44:4. And when they were now departed out of the city, and had gone
forward a little way: Joseph sending for the steward of his house,
said: Arise, and pursue after the men: and when thou hast overtaken
them, say to them: Why have you returned evil for good?
44:5. The cup which you have stolen, is that in which my lord drinketh,
and in which he is wont to divine: you have done a very evil thing.
44:6. He did as he had commanded him. And having overtaken them, he
spoke to them the same words.
44:7. And they answered: Why doth our lord speak so, as though thy
servants had committed so heinous a fact?
44:8. The money, that we found in the top of our sacks, we brought back
to thee from the land of Chanaan: how then should it be that we should
steal out of thy lord's house, gold or silver?
44:9. With whomsoever of thy servants shall be found that which thou
seekest, let him die, and we will be the bondmen of my lord.
44:10. And he said to them: Let it be according to your sentence: with
whomsoever it shall be found, let him be my servant, and you shall be
44:11. Then they speedily took down their sacks to the ground, and
every man opened his sack.
44:12. Which when he had searched, beginning at the eldest, and ending
at the youngest, he found the cup in Benjamin's sack.
44:13. Then they rent their garments, and loading their asses again,
returned into the town.
44:14. And Juda at the head of his brethren went in to Joseph (for he
was not yet gone out of the place) and they all together fell down
before him on the ground.
44:15. And he said to them: Why would you do so? know you not that
there is no one like me in the science of divining.
The science of divining. . .He speaks of himself according to what he
was esteemed in that kingdom. And indeed, he being truly a prophet,
knew more without comparison than any of the Egyptian sorcerers.
44:16. And Juda said to him: What shall we answer my lord? or what
shall we say, or be able justly to allege? God hath found out the
iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are all bondmen to my lord, both
we, and he with whom the cup was found.
44:17. Joseph answered: God forbid that I should do so: he that stole
the cup, he shall be my bondman: and go you away free to your father.
44:18. Then Juda coming nearer, said boldly: I beseech thee, my lord,
let thy servant speak a word in thy ears, and be not angry with thy
servant: for after Pharao thou art.
44:19. My lord. Thou didst ask thy servants the first time: Have you a
father or a brother.
44:20. And we answered thee, my lord: We have a father an old man, and
a young boy, that was born in his old age; whose brother by the mother
is dead; and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him
44:21. And thou saidst to thy servants: Bring him hither to me, and I
will set my eyes on him.
44:22. We suggested to my lord: The boy cannot leave his father: for if
he leave him, he will die.
44:23. And thou saidst to thy servants: Except your youngest brother
come with you, you shall see my face no more.
44:24. Therefore when we were gone up to thy servant our father, we
told him all that my lord had said.
44:25. And our father said: Go again, and buy us a little wheat.
44:26. And we said to him: We cannot go: if our youngest brother go
down with us, we will set out together: otherwise, without him we dare
not see the man's face.
44:27. Whereunto he answered: You know that my wife bore me two.
44:28. One went out, and you said: A beast devoured him; and hitherto
he appeareth not.
44:29. If you take this also, and any thing befall him in the way, you
will bring down my grey hairs with sorrow unto hell.
44:30. Therefore, if I shall go to thy servant, our father, and the boy
be wanting, (whereas his life dependeth upon the life of him,)
44:31. And he shall see that he is not with us, he will die, and thy
servants shall bring down his grey hairs with sorrow unto hell.
His gray hairs. . .That is, his person, now far advanced in years.--With
sorrow unto hell. . .The Hebrew word for hell is here sheol, the Greek
hades: it is not taken for the hell of the damned; but for that place
of souls below where the servants of God were kept before the coming of
Christ. Which place, both in the Scripture and in the creed, is named
44:32. Let me be thy proper servant, who took him into my trust, and
promised, saying: If I bring him not again, I will be guilty of sin
against my father for ever.
44:33. Therefore I, thy servant, will stay instead of the boy in the
service of my lord, and let the boy go up with his brethren.
44:34. For I cannot return to my father without the boy, lest I be a
witness of the calamity that will oppress my father.
Genesis Chapter 45
Joseph maketh himself known to his brethren: and sendeth for his
45:1. Joseph could no longer refrain himself before many that stood by:
whereupon he commanded that all should go out, and no stranger be
present at their knowing one another.
45:2. And he lifted up his voice with weeping, which the Egyptians, and
all the house of Pharao heard.
45:3. And he said to his brethren: I am Joseph: Is my father yet
living? His brethren could not answer him, being struck with exceeding
45:4. And he said mildly to them: Come nearer to me. And when they were
come near him, he said: I am Joseph, your brother, whom you sold into
45:5. Be not afraid, and let it not seem to you a hard case that you
sold me into these countries: for God sent me before you into Egypt for
45:6. For it is two years since the famine began to be upon the land,
and five years more remain, wherein there can be neither ploughing nor
45:7. And God sent me before, that you may be preserved upon the earth,
and may have food to live.
45:8. Not by your counsel was I sent hither, but by the will of God:
who hath made me as it were a father to Pharao, and lord of his whole
house, and governor in all the land of Egypt.
45:9. Make haste, and go ye up to my father, and say to him: Thus saith
thy son Joseph: God hath made me lord of the whole land of Egypt; come
down to me, linger not.
45:10. And thou shalt dwell in the land of Gessen: and thou shalt be
near me, thou and thy sons, and thy sons' sons, thy sheep, and thy
herds, and all things that thou hast.
45:11. And there I will feed thee, (for there are yet five years of
famine remaining) lest both thou perish, and thy house, and all things
that thou hast.
45:12. Behold, your eyes, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, see that
it is my mouth that speaketh to you.
45:13. You shall tell my father of all my glory, and all things that
you have seen in Egypt: make haste and bring him to me.
45:14. And falling upon the neck of his brother Benjamin, he embraced
him and wept: and Benjamin in like manner wept also on his neck.
45:15. And Joseph kissed all his brethren, and wept upon every one of
them: after which they were emboldened to speak to him.
45:16. And it was heard, and the fame was spread abroad in the king's
court: The brethren of Joseph are come; and Pharao with all his family
45:17. And he spoke to Joseph that he should give orders to his
brethren, saying: Load your beasts, and go into the land of Chanaan,
45:18. And bring away from thence your father and kindred, and come to
me; and I will give you all the good things of Egypt, that you may eat
the marrow of the land.
45:19. Give orders also that they take wagons out of the land of Egypt,
for the carriage of their children and their wives; and say: Take up
your father, and make haste to come with all speed:
45:20. And leave nothing of your household stuff; for all the riches of
Egypt shall be yours.
45:21. And the sons of Israel did as they were bid. And Joseph gave
them wagons according to Pharao's commandment: and provisions for the
45:22. He ordered also to be brought out for every one of them two
robes: but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, with
five robes of the best:
45:23. Sending to his father as much money and raiment; adding besides,
ten he-asses, to carry off all the riches of Egypt, and as many
she-asses, carrying wheat and bread for the journey.
45:24. So he sent away his brethren, and at their departing said to
them: Be not angry in the way.
45:25. And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of
Chanaan, to their father Jacob.
45:26. And they told him, saying: Joseph, thy son, is living; and he is
ruler in all the land of Egypt. Which when Jacob heard, he awaked as it
were out of a deep sleep, yet did not believe them.
45:27. They, on the other side, told the whole order of the thing. And
when he saw the wagons, and all that he had sent, his spirit revived,
45:28. And he said: It is enough for me if Joseph, my son, be yet
living: I will go and see him before I die.
Genesis Chapter 46
Israel, warranted by a vision from God, goeth down into Egypt with all
46:1. And Israel taking his journey, with all that he had, came to the
well of the oath, and killing victims there to the God of his father
The well of the oath. . .Bersabee.
46:2. He heard him, by a vision in the night, calling him, and saying
to him: Jacob, Jacob. And he answered him: Lo, here I am.
46:3. God said to him: I am the most mighty God of thy father; fear
not, go down into Egypt, for I will make a great nation of thee there.
46:4. I will go down with thee thither, and will bring thee back again
from thence: Joseph also shall put his hands upon thy eyes.
46:5. And Jacob rose up from the well of the oath: and his sons took
him up, with their children and wives in the wagons, which Pharao had
sent to carry the old man,
46:6. And all that he had in the land of Chanaan: and he came into
Egypt with all his seed;
46:7. His sons, and grandsons, daughters, and all his offspring
46:8. And these are the names of the children of Israel, that entered
into Egypt, he and his children. His firstborn Ruben,
46:9. The sons of Ruben: Henoch and Phallu, and Hesron and Charmi.
46:10. The sons of Simeon: Jamuel and Jamin and Ahod, and Jachin and
Sohar, and Saul, the son of a woman of Chanaan.
46:11. The sons of Levi: Gerson and Caath, and Merari.
46:12. The sons of Juda: Her and Onan, and Sela, and Phares and Zara.
And Her and Onan died in the land of Chanaan. And sons were born to
Phares: Hesron and Hamul.
46:13. The sons of Issachar: Thola and Phua, and Job and Semron.
46:14. The sons of Zabulon: Sared, and Elon, and Jahelel.
46:15. These are the sons of Lia, whom she bore in Mesopotamia of
Syria, with Dina, his daughter. All the souls of her sons and
46:16. The sons of Gad: Sephion and Haggi, and Suni and Esebon, and
Heri and Arodi, and Areli.
46:17. The sons of Aser: Jamne and Jesua, and Jessuri and Beria, and
Sara their sister. The sons of Beria: Heber and Melchiel.
46:18. These are the sons of Zelpha, whom Laban gave to Lia, his
daughter. And these she bore to Jacob, sixteen souls.
46:19. The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife: Joseph and Benjamin.
46:20. And sons were born to Joseph, in the land of Egypt, whom
Aseneth, the daughter of Putiphare, priest of Heliopolis, bore him:
Manasses and Ephraim.
46:21. The sons of Benjamin: Bela and Bechor, and Asbel and Gera, and
Naaman and Echi, and Ross and Mophim, and Ophim and Ared.
46:22. These are the sons of Rachel, whom she bore to Jacob: all the
46:23. The sons of Dan: Husim.
46:24. The sons of Nephthali: Jaziel and Guni, and Jeser and Sallem.
46:25. These are the sons of Bala, whom Laban gave to Rachel, his
daughter: and these she bore to Jacob: all the souls, seven.
46:26. All the souls that went with Jacob into Egypt, and that came out
of his thigh, besides his sons' wives, sixty-six.
46:27. And the sons of Joseph, that were born to him in the land of
Egypt, two souls. All the souls of the house of Jacob, that entered
into Egypt, were seventy.
46:28. And he sent Juda before him to Joseph, to tell him; and that he
should meet him in Gessen.
46:29. And when he was come thither, Joseph made ready his chariot, and
went up to meet his father in the same place: and seeing him, he fell
upon his neck, and embracing him, wept.
46:30. And the father said to Joseph: Now shall I die with joy, because
I have seen thy face, and leave thee alive.
46:31. And Joseph said to his brethren, and to all his father's house:
I will go up, and will tell Pharao, and will say to him: My brethren,
and my father's house, that were in the land of Chanaan, are come to
46:32. And the men are shepherds, and their occupation is to feed
cattle; their flocks, and herds, and all they have, they have brought
46:33. And when he shall call you, and shall say: What is your
46:34. You shall answer: We, thy servants, are shepherds, from our
infancy until now, both we and our fathers. And this you shall say,
that you may dwell in the land of Gessen, because the Egyptians have
all shepherds in abomination.
Genesis Chapter 47
Jacob and his sons are presented before Pharao: he giveth them the land
of Gessen. The famine forceth the Egyptians to sell all their
possessions to the king.
47:1. Then Joseph went in and told Pharao, saying: My father and
brethren, their sheep and their herds, and all that they possess, are
come out of the land of Chanaan: and behold they stay in the land of
47:2. Five men also, the last of his brethren, he presented before the
The last. . .xtremos. Some interpret this word of the chiefest, and most
rightly: but Joseph seems rather to have chosen out such as had the
meanest appearance, that Pharao might not think of employing them at
court, with danger of their morals and religion.
47:3. And he asked them: What is your occupation? They answered: We,
thy servants, are shepherds, both we and our fathers.
47:4. We are come to sojourn in thy land, because there is no grass for
the flocks of thy servants, the famine being very grievous in the land
of Chanaan: and we pray thee to give orders that we thy servants may be
in the land of Gessen.
47:5. The king therefore said to Joseph: Thy father and thy brethren
are come to thee.
47:6. The land of Egypt is before thee: and make them dwell in the best
place, and give them the land of Gessen. And if thou knowest that there
are industrious men among them, make them rulers over my cattle.
47:7. After this Joseph brought in his father to the king, and
presented him before him: and he blessed him.
47:8. And being asked by him: How many are the days of the years of thy
47:9. He answered: The days of my pilgrimage are a hundred and thirty
years, few, and evil, and they are not come up to the days of the
pilgrimage of my fathers.
47:10. And blessing the king, he went out.
47:11. But Joseph gave a possession to his father and his brethren in
Egypt, in the best place of the land, in Ramesses, as Pharao had
47:12. And he nourished them, and all his father's house, allowing food
to every one.
47:13. For in the whole world there was want of bread, and a famine had
oppressed the land, more especially of Egypt and Chanaan;
47:14. Out of which he gathered up all the money for the corn which
they bought, and brought it in to the king's treasure.
47:15. And when the buyers wanted money, all Egypt came to Joseph,
saying: Give us bread: why should we die in thy presence, having now no
47:16. And he answered them: Bring me your cattle, and for them I will
give you food, if you have no money.
47:17. And when they had brought them, he gave them food in exchange
for their horses, and sheep, and oxen, and asses: and he maintained
them that year for the exchange of their cattle.
47:18. And they came the second year, and said to him: We will not hide
from our lord, how that our money is spent, and our cattle also are
gone: neither art thou ignorant that we have nothing now left but our
bodies and our lands.
47:19. Why therefore shall we die before thy eyes? we will be thine,
both we and our lands: buy us to be the king's servants, and give us
seed, lest for want of tillers the land be turned into a wilderness.
47:20. So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt, every man selling his
possessions, because of the greatness of the famine. And he brought it
into Pharao's hands:
47:21. And all its people from one end of the borders of Egypt, even to
the other end thereof,
47:22. Except the land of the priests, which had been given them by the
king: to whom also a certain allowance of food was given out of the
public stores, and therefore they were not forced to sell their
47:23. Then Joseph said to the people: Behold, as you see, both you and
your lands belong to Pharao; take seed and sow the fields,
47:24. That you may have corn. The fifth part you shall give to the
king; the other four you shall have for seed, and for food for your
families and children.
47:25. And they answered: our life is in thy hand; only let my lord
look favourably upon us, and we will gladly serve the king.
47:26. From that time unto this day, in the whole land of Egypt, the
fifth part is paid to the kings, and it is become as a law, except the
land of the priests, which was free from this covenant.
47:27. So Israel dwelt in Egypt, that is, in the land of Gessen, and
possessed it; and grew, and was multiplied exceedingly.
47:28. And he lived in it seventeen years: and all the days of his life
came to a hundred and forty-seven years.
47:29. And when he saw that the day of his death drew nigh, he called
his son Joseph, and said to him: If I have found favour in thy sight,
put thy hand under my thigh; and thou shalt shew me this kindness and
truth, not to bury me in Egypt.
47:30. But I will sleep with my fathers, and thou shalt take me away
out of this land, and bury me in the burying place of my ancestors. And
Joseph answered him: I will do what thou hast commanded.
47:31. And he said: Swear then to me. And as he was swearing, Israel
adored God, turning to the bed's head.
To the bed's head. . .St. Paul, Heb. 11.21, following the Greek
translation of the Septuagint, reads adored the top of his rod. Where
note, that the same word in the Hebrew, according to the different
pointing of it, signifies both a bed and a rod. And to verify both
these sentences, we must understand that Jacob leaning on Joseph's rod
adored, turning towards the head of his bed: which adoration, inasmuch
as it was referred to God, was an absolute and sovereign worship: but
inasmuch as it was referred to the rod of Joseph, as a figure of the
sceptre, that is, of the royal dignity of Christ, was only an inferior
and relative honour.
Genesis Chapter 48
Joseph visiteth his father in his sickness, who adopteth his two sons
Manasses and Ephraim, and blesseth them, preferring the younger before
48:1. After these things, it was told Joseph that his father was sick;
and he set out to go to him, taking his two sons Manasses and Ephraim.
48:2. And it was told the old man: Behold thy son Joseph cometh to
thee. And being strengthened, he sat on his bed.
48:3. And when Joseph was come in to him, he said: God almighty
appeared to me at Luza, which is in the land of Chanaan, and he blessed
48:4. And said: I will cause thee to increase and multiply, and I will
make of thee a multitude of people: and I will give this land to thee,
and to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
48:5. So thy two sons, who were born to thee in the land of Egypt
before I came hither to thee, shall be mine: Ephraim and Manasses shall
be reputed to me as Ruben and Simeon.
48:6. But the rest whom thou shalt have after them, shall be thine, and
shall be called by the name of their brethren in their possessions.
48:7. For, when I came out of Mesopotamia, Rachel died from me in the
land of Chanaan in the very journey, and it was spring time: and I was
going to Ephrata, and I buried her near the way of Ephrata, which by
another name is called Bethlehem.
48:8. Then seeing his sons, he said to him: Who are these?
48:9. He answered: They are my sons, whom God hath given me in this
place. And he said: Bring them to me, that I may bless them.
48:10. For Israel's eyes were dim by reason of his great age, and he
could not see clearly. And when they were brought to him, he kissed and
48:11. And said to his son: I am not deprived of seeing thee; moreover
God hath shewn me thy seed.
48:12. And when Joseph had taken them from his father's lap, he bowed
down with his face to the ground.
48:13. And he set Ephraim on his right hand, that is, towards the left
hand of Israel; but Manasses on his left hand, to wit, towards his
father's right hand, and brought them near to him.
48:14. But he, stretching forth his right hand, put it upon the head of
Ephraim, the younger brother; and the left upon the head of Manasses,
who was the elder, changing his hands.
48:15. And Jacob blessed the sons of Joseph, and said: God, in whose
sight my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, God that feedeth me from my
youth until this day:
48:16. The angel that delivereth me from all evils, bless these boys:
and let my name be called upon them, and the names of my fathers
Abraham and Isaac; and may they grow into a multitude upon the earth.
48:17. And Joseph seeing that his father had put his right hand upon
the head of Ephraim, was much displeased: and taking his father's hand,
he tried to lift it from Ephraim's head, and to remove it to the head
48:18. And he said to his father: It should not be so, my father; for
this is the firstborn, put thy right hand upon his head.
48:19. But he refusing, said: I know, my son, I know: and this also
shall become a people, and shall be multiplied; but his younger brother
shall be greater than he; and his seed shall grow into nations.
48:20. And he blessed them at that time, saying: In thee shall Israel
be blessed, and it shall be said: God do to thee as to Ephraim, and as
to Manasses. And he set Ephraim before Manasses.
48:21. And he said to Joseph, his son: Behold I die, and God will be
with you, and will bring you back into the land of your fathers.
48:22. I give thee a portion above thy brethren, which I took out of
the hand of the Amorrhite with my sword and bow.
Genesis Chapter 49
Jacob's prophetical blessings of his twelve sons: his death.
49:1. And Jacob called his sons, and said to them: Gather yourselves
together, that I may tell you the things that shall befall you in the
49:2. Gather yourselves together, and hear, O ye sons of Jacob, hearken
to Israel, your father:
49:3. Ruben, my firstborn, thou art my strength, and the beginning of
my sorrow; excelling in gifts, greater in command.
My strength, etc. . .He calls him his strength, as being born whilst his
father was in his full strength and vigour: he calls him the beginning
of his sorrow, because cares and sorrows usually come on with the birth
of children. Excelling in gifts, etc., because the firstborn had a
title to a double portion, and to have the command over his brethren,
which Ruben forfeited by his sin; being poured out as water, that is,
spilt and lost.
49:4. Thou art poured out as water, grow thou not; because thou wentest
up to thy father's bed, and didst defile his couch.
Grow thou not. . .This was not meant by way of a curse or imprecation;
but by way of a prophecy foretelling that the tribe of Ruben should not
inherit the pre-eminences usually annexed to the first birthright,
viz., the double portion, the being prince or lord over the other
brethren, and the priesthood: of which the double portion was given to
Joseph, the princely office to Juda, and the priesthood to Levi.
49:5. Simeon and Levi brethren: vessels of iniquity waging war.
49:6. Let not my soul go into their counsel, nor my glory be in their
assembly: because in their fury they slew a man, and in their self-will
they undermined a wall.
Slew a man,. . .viz., Sichem the son of Hemor, with all his people, Gen.
34.; mystically and prophetically it alludes to Christ, whom their
posterity, viz., the priests and the scribes, put to death.
49:7. Cursed be their fury, because it was stubborn: and their wrath,
because it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and will scatter
them in Israel.
49:8. Juda, thee shall thy brethren praise: thy hand shall be on the
necks of thy enemies; the sons of thy father shall bow down to thee.
49:9. Juda is a lion's whelp: to the prey, my son, thou art gone up:
resting thou hast couched as a lion, and as a lioness, who shall rouse
A lion's whelp, etc. . .This blessing of Juda foretelleth the strength
of his tribe, the fertility of his inheritance; and principally that
the sceptre and legislative power should not be utterly taken away from
his race till about the time of the coming of Christ: as in effect it
never was: which is a demonstration against the modern Jews, that the
Messiah is long since come; for the sceptre has long since been utterly
taken away from Juda.
49:10. The sceptre shall not be taken away from Juda, nor a ruler from
his thigh, till he come that is to be sent, and he shall be the
expectation of nations.
49:11. Tying his foal to the vineyard, and his ass, O my son, to the
vine. He shall wash his robe in wine, and his garment in the blood of
49:12. His eyes are more beautiful than wine, and his teeth whiter than
49:13. Zabulon shall dwell on the seashore, and in the road of ships,
reaching as far as Sidon.
49:14. Issachar shall be a strong ass, lying down between the borders.
49:15. He saw rest that it was good: and the land that it was
excellent: and he bowed his shoulder to carry, and became a servant
49:16. Dan shall judge his people like another tribe in Israel.
Dan shall judge, etc. . .This was verified in Samson, who was of the
tribe of Dan, and began to deliver Israel. Judges 13.5. But as this
deliverance was but temporal and very imperfect, the holy patriarch
(ver. 18) aspires after another kind of deliverer, saying: I will look
for thy salvation, O Lord.
49:17. Let Dan be a snake in the way, a serpent in the path, that
biteth the horse's heels, that his rider may fall backward.
49:18. I will look for thy salvation, O Lord.
49:19. Gad, being girded, shall fight before him: and he himself shall
be girded backward.
Gad being girded, etc. . .It seems to allude to the tribe of Gad; when
after they had received for their lot the land of Galaad, they marched
in arms before the rest of the Israelites, to the conquest of the land
of Chanaan: from whence they afterwards returned loaded with spoils.
See Jos. 4. and 12.
49:20. Aser, his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield dainties to
49:21. Nephthali, a hart let loose, and giving words of beauty.
49:22. Joseph is a growing son, a growing son and comely to behold: the
daughters run to and fro upon the wall;
Run to and fro, etc. . .To behold his beauty; whilst his envious
brethren turned their darts against him, etc.
49:23. But they that held darts, provoked him, and quarrelled with him,
and envied him.
49:24. His bow rested upon the strong, and the bands of his arms and
his hands were loosed, by the hands of the mighty one of Jacob: thence
he came forth a pastor, the stone of Israel.
His bow rested upon the strong, etc. . .That is, upon God, who was his
strength: who also loosed his bands, and brought him out of prison to
be the pastor, that is, the feeder and ruler of Egypt, and the stone,
that is, the rock and support of Israel.
49:25. The God of thy father shall be thy helper, and the Almighty
shall bless thee with the blessings of heaven above, with the blessings
of the deep that lieth beneath, with the blessings of the breasts and
of the womb.
49:26. The blessings of thy father are strengthened with the blessings
of his fathers: until the desire of the everlasting hills should come:
may they be upon the head of Joseph, and upon the crown of the Nazarite
among his brethren.
The blessings of thy father, etc. . .That is, thy father's blessings are
made more prevalent and effectual in thy regard, by the additional
strength they receive from his inheriting the blessings of his
progenitors Abraham and Isaac. The desire of the everlasting hills,
etc. . .These blessings all looked forward towards Christ, called the
desire of the everlasting hills, as being longed for, as it were, by
the whole creation. Mystically, the patriarchs and prophets are called
the everlasting hills, by reason of the eminence of their wisdom and
holiness. The Nazarite. . .This word signifies one separated; and agrees
to Joseph, as being separated from, and more eminent than, his
brethren. As the ancient Nazarites were so called from their being set
aside for God, and vowed to him.
49:27. Benjamin a ravenous wolf, in the morning shall eat the prey, and
in the evening shall divide the spoil.
49:28. All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: these things their
father spoke to them, and he blessed every one with their proper
49:29. And he charged them, saying: I am now going to be gathered to my
people: bury me with my fathers in the double cave, which is in the
field of Ephron the Hethite,
To be gathered to my people. . .That is, I am going to die, and so to
follow my ancestors that are gone before me, and to join their company
in another world.
49:30. Over against Mambre, in the land of Chanaan, which Abraham
bought together with the field, of Ephron the Hethite, for a possession
to bury in.
49:31. There they buried him, and Sara his wife: there was Isaac buried
with Rebecca, his wife: there also Lia doth lie buried.
49:32. And when he had ended the commandments, wherewith he instructed
his sons, he drew up his feet upon the bed, and died: and he was
gathered to his people.
Genesis Chapter 50
The mourning for Jacob, and his interment. Joseph's kindness towards
his brethren. His death.
50:1. And when Joseph saw this, he fell upon his father's face, weeping
and kissing him.
50:2. And he commanded his servants, the physicians, to embalm his
50:3. And while they were fulfilling his commands, there passed forty
days: for this was the manner with bodies that were embalmed, and Egypt
mourned for him seventy days.
50:4. And the time of the mourning being expired, Joseph spoke to the
family of Pharao: If I have found favour in your sight, speak in the
ears of Pharao:
50:5. For my father made me swear to him, saying: Behold I die; thou
shalt bury me in my sepulchre which I have digged for myself in the
land of Chanaan. So I will go up and bury my father, and return.
50:6. And Pharao said to him: Go up and bury thy father according as he
made thee swear.
50:7. So he went up, and there went with him all the ancients of
Pharao's house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt.
50:8. And the house of Joseph with his brethren, except their children,
and their flocks and herds, which they left in the land of Gessen.
50:9. He had also in his train chariots and horsemen: and it was a
50:10. And they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is situated
beyond the Jordan: where celebrating the exequies with a great and
vehement lamentation, they spent full seven days.
50:11. And when the inhabitants of Chanaan saw this, they said: This is
a great mourning to the Egyptians. And therefore the name of that place
was called, The mourning of Egypt.
50:12. So the sons of Jacob did as he had commanded them.
50:13. And carrying him into the land of Chanaan, they buried him in
the double cave, which Abraham had bought together with the field for a
possession of a burying place, of Ehpron, the Hethite, over against
50:14. And Joseph returned into Egypt with his brethren, and all that
were in his company, after he had buried his father.
50:15. Now he being dead, his brethren were afraid, and talked one with
another: Lest perhaps he should remember the wrong he suffered, and
requite us all the evil that we did to him.
50:16. And they sent a message to him, saying: Thy father commanded us
before he died,
50:17. That we should say thus much to thee from him: I beseech thee to
forget the wickedness of thy brethren, and the sin and malice they
practised against thee: we also pray thee, to forgive the servants of
the God of thy father this wickedness. And when Joseph heard this, he
50:18. And his brethren came to him; and worshipping prostrate on the
ground, they said: We are thy servants.
50:19. And he answered them: Fear not: can we resist the will of God?
50:20. You thought evil against me: but God turned it into good, that
he might exalt me, as at present you see, and might save many people.
50:21. Fear not: I will feed you and your children. And he comforted
them, and spoke gently and mildly.
50:22. And he dwelt in Egypt with all his father's house; and lived a
hundred and ten years. And he saw the children of Ephraim to the third
generation. The children also of Machir, the sons of Manasses, were
born on Joseph's knees.
50:23. After which he told his brethren: God will visit you after my
death, and will make you go up out of this land, to the land which he
swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
50:24. And he made them swear to him, saying: God will visit you, carry
my bones with you out of this place:
50:25. And he died, being a hundred and ten years old. And being
embalmed, he was laid in a coffin in Egypt.
THE BOOK OF EXODUS
The Second Book of Moses is called EXODUS, from the Greek word EXODOS,
which signifies going out: because it contains the history of the going
out of the children of Israel out of Egypt. The Hebrews, from the words
with which it begins, call it VEELLE SEMOTH: These are the names. It
contains transactions for 145 years; that is, from the death of Joseph
to the erecting of the tabernacle.