Part 26 out of 30
2 Esdras Chapter 4
The building is carried on notwithstanding the opposition of their
4:1. And it came to pass, that when Sanaballat heard that we were
building the wall he was angry: and being moved exceedingly he scoffed
at the Jews.
4:2. And said before his brethren, and the multitude of the Samaritans:
What are the silly Jews doing? Will the Gentiles let them alone? will
they sacrifice and make an end in a day? are they able to raise stones
out of the heaps of the rubbish, which are burnt?
4:3. Tobias also the Ammonite who was by him said: Let them build: if a
fox go up, he will leap over their stone wall.
4:4. Hear thou our God, for we are despised: turn their reproach upon
their own head, and give them to be despised in a land of captivity.
4:5. Cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out
from before thy face, because they have mocked thy builders.
4:6. So we built the wall, and joined it all together unto the half
thereof: and the heart of the people was excited to work.
4:7. And it came to pass, when Sanaballat, and Tobias, and the
Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Azotians heard that the walls of
Jerusalem were made up, and the breaches began to be closed, that they
were exceedingly angry.
4:8. And they all assembled themselves together, to come, and to fight
against Jerusalem, and to prepare ambushes.
4:9. And we prayed to our God, and set watchmen upon the wall day and
night against them.
4:10. And Juda said: The strength of the bearer of burdens is decayed,
and the rubbish is very much, and we shall not be able to build the
4:11. And our enemies said: Let them not know, nor understand, till we
come in the midst of them, and kill them, and cause the work to cease.
4:12. And it came to pass, that when the Jews that dwelt by them came
and told us ten times, out of all the places from whence they came to
4:13. I set the people in the place behind the wall round about in
order, with their swords, and spears, and bows.
4:14. And I looked and rose up: and I said to the chief men and the
magistrates, and to the rest of the common people: be not afraid of
them. Remember the Lord who is great and terrible, and fight for your
brethren, your sons, and your daughters, and your wives, and your
4:15. And it came to pass, when our enemies heard that the thing had
been told us, that God defeated their counsel. And we returned all of
us to the walls, every man to his work.
4:16. And it came to pass from that day forward, that half of their
young men did the work, and half were ready for to fight, with spears,
and shields, and bows, and coats of mail, and the rulers were behind
them in all the house of Juda.
4:17. Of them that built on the wall and that carried burdens, and that
laded: with one of his hands he did the work, and with the other he
held a sword.
4:18. For every one of the builders was girded with a sword about his
reins. And they built, and sounded with a trumpet by me.
4:19. And I said to the nobles, and to the magistrates, and to the rest
of the common people: The work is great and wide, and we are separated
on the wall one far from another:
4:20. In what place soever you shall hear the sound of the trumpet, run
all thither unto us: our God will fight for us.
4:21. And let us do the work: and let one half of us hold our spears
from the rising of the morning, till the stars appear.
4:22. At that time also I said to the people: Let every one with his
servant stay in the midst of Jerusalem, and let us take our turns in
the night, and by day, to work.
4:23. Now I and my brethren, and my servants, and the watchmen that
followed me, did not put off our clothes: only every man stripped
himself when he was to be washed.
2 Esdras Chapter 5
Nehemias blameth the rich, for their oppressing the poor. His
exhortation, and bounty to his countrymen.
5:1. Now there was a great cry of the people, and of their wives
against their brethren the Jews.
5:2. And there were some that said: Our sons and our daughters are very
many: let us take up corn for the price of them, and let us eat and
5:3. And there were some that said: Let us mortgage our lands, and our
vineyards, and our houses, and let us take corn because of the famine.
5:4. And others said: Let us borrow money for the king's tribute, and
let us give up our fields and vineyards:
5:5. And now our flesh is as the flesh of our brethren: and our
children as their children. Behold we bring into bondage our sons and
our daughters, and some of our daughters are bondwomen already, neither
have we wherewith to redeem them, and our fields and our vineyards
other men possess.
5:6. And I was exceedingly angry when I heard their cry according to
5:7. And my heart thought with myself: and I rebuked the nobles and
magistrates, and said to them: Do you every one exact usury of your
brethren? And I gathered together a great assembly against them,
5:8. And I said to them: We, as you know, have redeemed according to
our ability our brethren the Jews, that were sold to the Gentiles: and
will you then sell your brethren, for us to redeem them? And they held
their peace, and found not what to answer.
5:9. And I said to them: The thing you do is not good: why walk you not
in the fear of our God, that we be not exposed to the reproaches of the
Gentiles our enemies?
5:10. Both I and my brethren, and my servants, have lent money and corn
to many: let us all agree not to call for it again; let us forgive the
debt that is owing to us.
5:11. Restore ye to them this day their fields, and their vineyards,
and their oliveyards, and their houses: and the hundredth part of the
money, and of the corn, the wine, and the oil, which you were wont to
exact of them, give it rather for them.
5:12. And they said: We will restore, and we will require nothing of
them: and we will do as thou sayest. And I called the priests and took
an oath of them, to do according to what I had said.
5:13. Moreover I shook my lap, and said: So may God shake every man
that shall not accomplish this word, out of his house, and out of his
labours, thus may he be shaken out, and become empty. And all the
multitude said: Amen. And they praised God. And the people did
according to what was said.
5:14. And from the day, in which the king commanded me to be governor
in the land of Juda, from the twentieth year even to the two and
thirtieth year of Artaxerxes the king, for twelve years, I and my
brethren did not eat the yearly allowance that was due to the
5:15. But the former governors that had been before me, were chargeable
to the people, and took of them in bread, and wine, and in money every
day forty sicles: and their officers also oppressed the people. But I
did not so for the fear of God.
5:16. Moreover I built in the work of the wall, and I bought no land,
and all my servants were gathered together to the work.
5:17. The Jews also and the magistrates to the number of one hundred
and fifty men, were at my table, besides them that came to us from
among the nations that were round about us.
5:18. And there was prepared for me day be day one ox, and six choice
rams, besides fowls, and once in ten days I gave store of divers wines,
and many other things: yet I did not require my yearly allowance as
governor: for the people were very much impoverished.
5:19. Remember me, O my God, for good according to all that I have done
for this people.
2 Esdras Chapter 6
The enemies seek to terrify Nehemias. He proceedeth and finisheth the
6:1. And it came to pass, when Sanaballat, and Tobias, and Gossem the
Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had built the wall,
and that there was no breach left in it, (though at that time I had not
set up the doors in the gates,)
6:2. Sanaballat and Gossem sent to me, saying: Come, and let us make a
league together in the villages, in the plain of Ono. But they thought
to do me mischief.
6:3. And I sent messengers to them, saying: I am doing a great work,
and I cannot come down, lest it be neglected whilst I come, and go down
6:4. And they sent to me according to this word, four times: and I
answered them after the same manner.
6:5. And Sanaballat sent his servant to me the fifth time according to
the former word, and he had a letter in his hand written in this
6:6. It is reported amongst the Gentiles, and Gossem hath said it, that
thou and the Jews think to rebel, and therefore thou buildest the wall,
and hast a mind to set thyself king over them: for which end
6:7. Thou hast also set up prophets, to preach of thee at Jerusalem,
saying: There is a king in Judea. The king will hear of these things:
therefore come now, that we may take counsel together.
6:8. And I sent to them, saying: There is no such thing done as thou
sayest: but thou feignest these things out of thy own heart.
6:9. For all these men thought to frighten us, thinking that our hands
would cease from the work, and that we would leave off. Wherefore I
strengthened my hands the more:
6:10. And I went into the house of Samaia the son of Delaia, the son of
Metabeel privately. And he said: Let us consult together in the house
of God in the midst of the temple: and let us shut the doors of the
temple, for they will come to kill thee, and in the night they will
come to slay thee.
6:11. And I said: Should such a man as I flee? and who is there that
being as I am, would go into the temple, to save his life? I will not
6:12. And I understood that God had not sent him, but that he had
spoken to me as if he had been prophesying, and Tobias, and Sanaballat
had hired him.
6:13. For he had taken money, that I being afraid should do this thing,
and sin, and they might have some evil to upbraid me withal.
6:14. Remember me, O Lord, for Tobias and Sanaballat, according to
their works of this kind: and Noadias the prophet, and the rest of the
prophets that would have put me in fear.
6:15. But the wall was finished the five and twentieth day of the month
of Elul, in two and fifty days.
6:16. And it came to pass when all our enemies heard of it, that all
nations which were round about us, were afraid, and were cast down
within themselves, for they perceived that this work was the work of
6:17. Moreover in those days many letters were sent by the principal
men of the Jews to Tobias, and from Tobias there came letters to them.
6:18. For there were many in Judea sworn to him, because he was the son
in law of Sechenias the son of Area, and Johanan his son had taken to
wife the daughter of Mosollam the son of Barachias.
6:19. And they praised him also before me, and they related my words to
him: And Tobias sent letters to put me in fear.
2 Esdras Chapter 7
Nehemias appointeth watchmen in Jerusalem. The list of those who came
first from Babylon.
7:1. Now after the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, and
numbered the porters and singing men, and Levites:
7:2. I commanded Hanani my brother, and Hananias ruler of the house of
Jerusalem, (for he seemed as a sincere man, and one that feared God
above the rest,)
7:3. And I said to them: Let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened till
the sun be hot. And while they were yet standing by the gates were
shut, and barred: and I set watchmen of the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
every one by their courses, and every man over against his house.
7:4. And the city was very wide and great, and the people few in the
midst thereof, and the houses were not built.
7:5. But God had put in my heart, and I assembled the princes and
magistrates, and common people, to number them: and I found a book of
the number of them who came up at first and therein it was found
7:6. These are the children of the province, who came up from the
captivity of them that had been carried away, whom Nabuchodonosor the
king of Babylon had carried away, and who returned into Judea, every
one into his own city.
7:7. Who came with Zorobabel, Josue, Nehemias, Azarias, Raamias,
Nahamani, Mardochai, Belsam, Mespharath, Begoia, Nahum, Baana. The
number of the men of the people of Israel:
7:8. The children of Pharos, two thousand one hundred seventy-two.
7:9. The children of Sephatia, three hundred seventy-two.
7:10. The children of Area, six hundred fifty-two.
7:11. The children of Phahath Moab of the children of Josue and Joab,
two thousand eight hundred eighteen.
7:12. The children of Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.
7:13. The children of Zethua, eight hundred forty-five.
7:14. The children of Zachai, seven hundred sixty.
7:15. The children of Bannui, six hundred forty-eight.
7:16. The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty-eight.
7:17. The children of Azgad, two thousand three hundred twenty-two.
7:18. The children of Adonicam, six hundred sixty-seven.
7:19. The children of Beguai, two thousand sixty-seven.
7:20. The children of Adin, six hundred fifty-five.
7:21. The children of Ater, children of Hezechias, ninety-eight.
7:22. The children of Hasem, three hundred twenty-eight.
7:23. The children of Besai, three hundred twenty-four.
7:24. The children of Hareph, a hundred and twelve.
7:25. The children of Gabaon, ninety-five.
7:26. The children of Bethlehem, and Netupha, a hundred eighty-eight.
7:27. The men of Anathoth, a hundred twenty-eight.
7:28. The men of Bethazmoth, forty-two.
7:29. The men of Cariathiarim, Cephira, and Beroth, seven hundred
7:30. The men of Rama and Geba, six hundred twenty-one.
7:31. The men of Machmas, a hundred twenty-two.
7:32. The men of Bethel and Hai, a hundred twenty-three.
7:33. The men of the other Nebo, fifty-two.
7:34. The men of the other Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.
7:35. The children of Harem, three hundred and twenty.
7:36. The children of Jericho, three hundred forty-five.
7:37. The children of Lod, of Hadid and Ono, seven hundred twenty-one.
7:38. The children of Senaa, three thousand nine hundred thirty.
7:39. The priests: the children of Idaia in the house of Josue, nine
hundred and seventy-three.
7:40. The children of Emmer, one thousand fifty-two.
7:41. The children of Phashur, one thousand two hundred forty-seven.
7:42. The children of Arem, one thousand and seventeen. The Levites:
7:43. The children of Josue and Cedmihel, the sons
7:44. Of Oduia, seventy-four. The singing men:
7:45. The children of Asaph, a hundred forty-eight.
7:46. The porters: the children of Sellum, the children of Ater, the
children of Telmon, the children of Accub, the children of Hatita, the
children of Sobai: a hundred thirty-eight.
7:47. The Nathinites: the children of Soha, the children of Hasupha,
the children of Tebbaoth,
7:48. The children of Ceros, the children os Siaa, the children of
Phadon, the children of Lebana, the children of Hagaba, the children of
7:49. The children of Hanan, the children of Geddel, the children of
7:50. The children of Raaia, the children of Rasin, the children of
7:51. The children of Gezem, the children of Asa, the children of
7:52. The children of Besai, the children of Munim, the children of
7:53. The children of Bacbuc, the children of Hacupha, the children of
7:54. The children of Besloth, the children of Mahida, the children of
7:55. The children of Bercos, the children of Sisara, the children of
7:56. The children of Nasia, the children of Hatipha,
7:57. The children of the servants of Solomon, the children of Sothai,
the children of Sophereth, the children of Pharida,
7:58. The children of Jahala, the children of Darcon, the children of
7:59. The children of Saphatia, the children of Hatil, the children of
Phochereth, who was born of Sabaim, the son of Amon.
7:60. All the Nathinites, and the children of the servants of Solomon,
three hundred ninety-two.
7:61. And these are they that came up from Telmela, Thelharsa, Cherub,
Addon, and Emmer: and could not shew the house of their fathers, nor
their seed, whether they were of Israel.
7:62. The children of Dalaia, the children of Tobia, the children of
Necoda, six hundred forty-two.
7:63. And of the priests, the children of Habia, the children of Accos,
the children of Berzellai, who took a wife of the daughters of
Berzellai the Galaadite, and he was called by their name.
7:64. These sought their writing in the record, and found it not: and
they were cast out of the priesthood.
7:65. And Athersatha said to them, that they should not eat of the
holies of holies, until there stood up a priest learned and skilful.
7:66. All the multitude as it were one man, forty-two thousand three
7:67. Beside their menservants and womenservants, who were seven
thousand three hundred thirty-seven: and among them singing men, and
singing women, two hundred forty-five.
7:68. Their horses, seven hundred thirty-six: their mules two hundred
7:69. Their camels, four hundred thirty-five, their asses, six thousand
seven hundred and twenty.
(Hitherto is related what was written in the record. From this place
forward goeth on the history of Nehemias.)
7:70. And some of the heads of the families gave unto the work.
Athersatha gave into the treasure a thousand drams of gold, fifty
bowls, and five hundred and thirty garments for priests.
Athersatha. . .That is, Nehemias; as appears from chap. 12. Either that
he was so called at the court of the king of Persia, where he was
cupbearer: or that, as some think, this name signifies governor; and he
was at that time governor of Judea.
7:71. And some of the heads of families gave to the treasure of the
work, twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand two hundred
pounds of silver.
7:72. And that which the rest of the people gave, was twenty thousand
drams of gold, and two thousand pounds of silver, and sixty-seven
garments for priests.
7:73. And the priests, and the Levites, and the porters, and the
singing men, and the rest of the common people, and the Nathinites, and
all Israel dwelt in their cities.
2 Esdras Chapter 8
Esdras readeth the law before the people. Nehemias comforteth them.
They celebrate the feast of tabernacles.
8:1. And the seventh month came: and the children of Israel were in
their cities. And all the people were gathered together as one man to
the street which is before the water gate, and they spoke to Esdras the
scribe, to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the Lord had
commanded to Israel.
8:2. Then Esdras the priest brought the law before the multitude of men
and women, and all those that could understand, in the first day of the
8:3. And he read it plainly in the street that was before the water
gate, from the morning until midday, before the men, and the women, and
all those that could understand: and the ears of all the people were
attentive to the book.
8:4. And Esdras the scribe stood upon a step of wood, which he had made
to speak upon, and there stood by him Mathathias, and Semeia, and Ania,
and Uria, and Helcia, and Maasia, on his right hand: and on the left,
Phadaia, Misael, and Melchia, and Hasum, and Hasbadana, Zacharia and
8:5. And Esdras opened the book before all the people: for he was above
all the people: and when he had opened it, all the people stood.
8:6. And Esdras blessed the Lord the great God: and all the people
answered, Amen, amen: lifting up their hands: and they bowed down, and
adored God with their faces to the ground.
8:7. Now Josue, and Bani, and Serebia, Jamin, Accub, Sephtai, Odia,
Maasia, Celtia, Azarias, Jozabed, Hanan, Phalaia, the Levites, made
silence among the people to hear the law: and the people stood in their
8:8. And they read in the book of the law of God distinctly and plainly
to be understood: and they understood when it was read.
8:9. And Nehemias (he is Athersatha) and Esdras the priest and scribe,
and the Levites who interpreted to all the people, said: This is a holy
day to the Lord our God: do not mourn, nor weep: for all the people
wept, when they heard the words of the law.
8:10. And he said to them: Go, eat fat meats, and drink sweet wine, and
send portions to them that have not prepared for themselves: because it
is the holy day of the Lord, and be not sad: for the joy of the Lord is
8:11. And the Levites stilled all the people, saying: Hold your peace,
for the day is holy, and be not sorrowful.
8:12. So all the people went to eat and drink, and to send portions,
and to make great mirth: because they understood the words that he had
8:13. And on the second day the chiefs of the families of all the
people, the priests, and the Levites were gathered together to Esdras
the scribe, that he should interpret to them the words of the law.
8:14. And they found written in the law, that the Lord had commanded by
the hand of Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in
tabernacles, on the feast, in the seventh month:
8:15. And that they should proclaim and publish the word in all their
cities, and in Jerusalem, saying: Go forth to the mount, and fetch
branches of olive, and branches of beautiful wood, branches of myrtle,
and branches of palm, and branches of thick trees, to make tabernacles,
as it is written.
8:16. And the people went forth, and brought. And they made themselves
tabernacles every man on the top of his house, and in their courts, and
in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate,
and in the street of the gate of Ephraim.
8:17. And all the assembly of them that were returned from the
captivity, made tabernacles, and dwelt in tabernacles: for since the
days of Josue the son of Nun the children of Israel had not done so,
until that day: and there was exceeding great joy.
8:18. And he read in the book of the law of God day by day, from the
first day till the last, and they kept the solemnity seven days, and in
the eighth day a solemn assembly according to the manner.
2 Esdras Chapter 9
The people repent with fasting and sackcloth. The Levites confess God's
benefits, and the people's ingratitude: they pray for them, and make a
covenant with God.
9:1. And in the four and twentieth day of the month the children of
Israel came together with fasting and with sackcloth, and earth upon
9:2. And the seed of the children of Israel separated themselves from
every stranger: and they stood, and confessed their sins, and the
iniquities of their fathers.
9:3. And they rose up to stand: and they read in the book of the law of
the Lord their God, four times in the day, and four times they
confessed, and adored the Lord their God.
9:4. And there stood up upon the step of the Levites, Josue, and Bani,
and Cedmihel, Sabania, Bonni, Sarebias, Bani, and Chanani: and they
cried with a loud voice to the Lord their God.
9:5. And the Levites Josue and Cedmihel, Bonni, Hasebnia, Serebia,
Oduia, Sebnia, and Phathahia, said: Arise, bless the Lord your God from
eternity to eternity: and blessed be the high name of thy glory with
all blessing and praise.
9:6. Thou thyself, O Lord alone, thou hast made heaven, and the heaven
of heavens, and all the host thereof: the earth and all things that are
in it: the seas and all that are therein: and thou givest life to all
these things, and the host of heaven adoreth thee.
9:7. Thou O Lord God, art he who chosest Abram, and broughtest him
forth out of the fire of the Chaldeans, and gavest him the name of
The fire of the Chaldeans. . .The city of Ur in Chaldea, the name of
which signifies fire. Or out of the fire of the tribulations and
temptations, to which he was there exposed.--The ancient Rabbins
understood this literally, affirming that Abram was cast into the fire
by the idolaters, and brought out by a miracle without any hurt.
9:8. And thou didst find his heart faithful before thee: and thou
madest a covenant with him, to give him the land of the Chanaanite, of
the Hethite, and of the Amorrhite, and of the Pherezite, and of the
Jebusite, and of the Gergezite, to give it to his seed: and thou hast
fulfilled thy words, because thou art just.
9:9. And thou sawest the affliction of our fathers in Egypt: and thou
didst hear their cry by the Red Sea.
9:10. And thou shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharao, and upon all his
servants, and upon the people of his land: for thou knewest that they
dealt proudly against them: and thou madest thyself a name, as it is at
9:11. And thou didst divide the sea before them, and they passed
through the midst of the sea on dry land: but their persecutors thou
threwest into the depth, as a stone into mighty waters.
9:12. And in a pillar of a cloud thou wast their leader by day, and in
a pillar of fire by night, that they might see the way by which they
9:13. Thou camest down also to mount Sinai, and didst speak with them
from heaven, and thou gavest them right judgments, and the law of
truth, ceremonies, and good precepts.
9:14. Thou madest known to them thy holy sabbath, and didst prescribe
to them commandments, and ceremonies, and the law by the hand of Moses
9:15. And thou gavest them bread from heaven in their hunger, and
broughtest forth water for them out of the rock in their thirst, and
thou saidst to them that they should go in, and possess the land, upon
which thou hadst lifted up thy hand to give it them.
9:16. But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks
and hearkened not to thy commandments.
9:17. And they would not hear, and they remembered not thy wonders
which thou hadst done for them. And they hardened their necks, and gave
the head to return to their bondage, as it were by contention. But
thou, a forgiving God, gracious, and merciful, longsuffering, and full
of compassion, didst not forsake them.
And gave the head. . .That is, they set their head, or were bent to
return to Egypt.
9:18. Yea when they had made also to themselves a molten calf, and had
said: This is thy God, that brought thee out of Egypt: and had
committed great blasphemies:
9:19. Yet thou, in thy many mercies, didst not leave them in the
desert: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day to lead
them in the way, and the pillar of fire by night to shew them the way
by which they should go.
9:20. And thou gavest them thy good Spirit to teach them, and thy manna
thou didst not withhold from their mouth, and thou gavest them water
for their thirst.
9:21. Forty years didst thou feed them in the desert, and nothing was
wanting to them: their garments did not grow old, and their feet were
9:22. And thou gavest them kingdoms, and nations, and didst divide lots
for them: and they possessed the land of Sehon, and the land of the
king of Hesebon, and the land of Og king of Basan.
9:23. And thou didst multiply their children as the stars of heaven,
and broughtest them to the land concerning which thou hadst said to
their fathers, that they should go in and possess it.
9:24. And the children came and possessed the land, and thou didst
humble before them the inhabitants of the land, the Chanaanites, and
gavest them into their hands, with their kings, and the people of the
land, that they might do with them as it pleased them.
9:25. And they took strong cities and a fat land, and possessed houses
full of all goods: cisterns made by others, vineyards, and oliveyards,
and fruit trees in abundance: and they ate, and were filled, and became
fat, and abounded with delight in thy great goodness.
9:26. But they provoked thee to wrath, and departed from thee, and
threw thy law behind their backs: and they killed thy prophets, who
admonished them earnestly to return to thee: and they were guilty of
9:27. And thou gavest them into the hands of their enemies, and they
afflicted them. And in the time of their tribulation they cried to
thee, and thou heardest from heaven, and according to the multitude of
thy tender mercies thou gavest them saviours, to save them from the
hands of their enemies.
9:28. But after they had rest, they returned to do evil in thy sight:
and thou leftest them in the hand of their enemies, and they had
dominion over them. Then they returned, and cried to thee: and thou
heardest from heaven, and deliveredst them many times in thy mercies.
9:29. And thou didst admonish them to return to thy law. But they dealt
proudly, and hearkened not to thy commandments, but sinned against thy
judgments, which if a man do, he shall live in them: and they withdrew
the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and would not hear.
9:30. And thou didst forbear with them for many years, and didst
testify against them by thy spirit by the hand of thy prophets: and
they heard not, and thou didst deliver them into the hand of the people
of the lands.
9:31. Yet in thy very many mercies thou didst not utterly consume them,
nor forsake them: because thou art a merciful and gracious God.
9:32. Now therefore our God, great, strong, and terrible, who keepest
covenant and mercy, turn not away from thy face all the labour which
hath come upon us, upon our kings, and our princes, and our priests,
and our prophets, and our fathers, and all the people from the days of
the king of Assur, until this day.
9:33. And thou art just in all things that have come upon us: because
thou hast done truth, but we have done wickedly.
9:34. Our kings, our princes, our priests, and our fathers have not
kept thy law, and have not minded thy commandments, and thy testimonies
which thou hast testified among them.
9:35. And they have not served thee in their kingdoms, and in thy
manifold goodness, which thou gavest them, and in the large and fat
land, which thou deliveredst before them, nor did they return from
their most wicked devices.
9:36. Behold we ourselves this day are bondmen: and the land, which
thou gavest our fathers, to eat the bread thereof, and the good things
thereof, and we ourselves are servants in it.
9:37. And the fruits thereof grow up for the kings, whom thou hast set
over us for our sins, and they have dominion over our bodies, and over
our beasts, according to their will, and we are in great tribulation.
9:38. And because of all this we ourselves make a covenant, and write
it, and our princes, our Levites, and our priests sign it.
2 Esdras Chapter 10
The names of the subscribers to the covenant, and the contents of it.
10:1. And the subscribers were Nehemias, Athersatha the son of
Hachelai, and Sedecias,
10:2. Saraias, Azarias, Jeremias,
10:3. Pheshur, Amarias, Melchias,
10:4. Hattus, Sebenia, Melluch,
10:5. Harem, Merimuth, Obdias,
10:6. Daniel, Genthon, Baruch,
10:7. Mosollam, Abia, Miamin,
10:8. Maazia, Belgia, Semeia: these were priests.
10:9. And the Levites, Josue the son of Azanias, Bennui of the sons of
10:10. And their brethren, Sebenia, Oduia, Celita, Phalaia, Hanan,
10:11. Micha, Rohob, Hasebia,
10:12. Zachur, Serebia, Sabania,
10:13. Odaia, Bani, Baninu.
10:14. The heads of the people, Pharos, Phahath Moab, Elam, Zethu,
10:15. Bonni, Azgad, Bebai,
10:16. Adonia, Begoai, Adin,
10:17. Ater, Hezecia, Azur,
10:18. Odaia, Hasum, Besai,
10:19. Hareph, Anathoth, Nebai,
10:20. Megphias, Mosollam, Hazir,
10:21. Mesizabel, Sadoc, Jeddua,
10:22. Pheltia, Hanan, Anaia,
10:23. Osee, Hanania, Hasub,
10:24. Alohes, Phalea, Sobec,
10:25. Rehum, Hasebna, Maasia,
10:26. Echaia, Hanan, Anan,
10:27. Melluch, Haran, Baana:
10:28. And the rest of the people, priests, Levites, porters, and
singing men, Nathinites, and all that had separated themselves from the
people of the lands to the law of God, their wives, their sons, and
10:29. All that could understand, promising for their brethren, with
their chief men, and they came to promise, and swear that they would
walk in the law of God, which he gave in the hand of Moses the servant
of God, that they would do and keep all the commandments of the Lord
our God, and his judgments and his ceremonies.
10:30. And that we would not give our daughters to the people of the
land, nor take their daughters for our sons.
10:31. And if the people of the land bring in things to sell, or any
things for use, to sell them on the sabbath day, that we would not buy
them on the sabbath, or on the holy day. And that we would leave the
seventh year, and the exaction of every hand.
10:32. And we made ordinances for ourselves, to give the third part of
a sicle every year for the work of the house of our God,
10:33. For the loaves of proposition, and for the continual sacrifice,
and for a continual holocaust on the sabbaths, on the new moons, on the
set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offering: that
atonement might be made for Israel, and for every use of the house of
10:34. And we cast lots among the priests, and the Levites, and the
people for the offering of wood, that it might be brought into the
house of our God by the houses of our fathers at set times, from year
to year: to burn upon the altar of the Lord our God, as it is written
in the law of Moses:
10:35. And that we would bring the firstfruits of our land, and the
firstfruits of all fruit of every tree, from year to year, in the house
of our Lord.
10:36. And the firstborn of our sons, and of our cattle, as it is
written in the law, and the firstlings of our oxen, and of our sheep,
to be offered in the house of our God, to the priests who minister in
the house of our God.
10:37. And that we would bring the firstfruits of our meats, and of our
libations, and the fruit of every tree, of the vintage also and of oil
to the priests, to the storehouse of our God, and the tithes of our
ground to the Levites. The Levites also shall receive the tithes of our
works out of all the cities.
10:38. And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites in the
tithes of the Levites, and the Levites shall offer the tithe of their
tithes in the house of our God, to the storeroom into the treasure
10:39. For the children of Israel and the children of Levi shall carry
to the treasury the firstfruits of corn, of wine, and of oil: and the
sanctified vessels shall be there, and the priests, and the singing
men, and the porters, and ministers, and we will not forsake the house
of our God.
2 Esdras Chapter 11
Who were the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the other cities.
11:1. And the princes of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: but the rest of
the people cast lots, to take one part in ten to dwell in Jerusalem the
holy city, and nine parts in the other cities.
11:2. And the people blessed all the men that willingly offered
themselves to dwell in Jerusalem.
11:3. These therefore are the chief men of the province, who dwelt in
Jerusalem, and in the cities of Juda. And every one dwelt in his
possession, in their cities: Israel, the priests, the Levites, the
Nathinites, and the children of the servants of Solomon.
11:4. And in Jerusalem there dwelt some of the children of Juda, and
some of the children of Benjamin: of the children of Juda, Athaias the
son of Aziam, the son of Zacharias, the son of Amarias, the son of
Saphatias, the son of Malaleel: of the sons of Phares,
11:5. Maasia the son of Baruch, the son of Cholhoza, the son of Hazia,
the son of Adaia, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zacharias, the son of
11:6. All these the sons of Phares, who dwelt in Jerusalem, were four
hundred sixty-eight valiant men.
11:7. And these are the children of Benjamin: Sellum the son of
Mosollam, the son of Joed, the son of Phadaia, the son of Colaia, the
son of Masia, the son of Etheel, the son of Isaia.
11:8. And after him Gebbai, Sellai, nine hundred twenty-eight.
11:9. And Joel the son of Zechri their ruler, and Judas the son of
Senua was second over the city.
11:10. And of the priests Idaia the son of Joarib, Jachin,
11:11. Saraia the son of Helcias, the son of Mosollam, the son of
Sadoc, the son of Meraioth, the son of Achitob the prince of the house
11:12. And their brethren that do the works of the temple: eight
hundred twenty-two. And Adaia the son of Jeroham, the son of Phelelia,
the son of Amsi, the son of Zacharias, the son of Pheshur, the son of
11:13. And his brethren the chiefs of the fathers: two hundred
forty-two. And Amassai the son of Azreel, the son of Ahazi, the son of
Mosollamoth, the son of Emmer,
11:14. And their brethren who were very mighty, a hundred twenty-eight:
and their ruler Zabdiel son of the mighty.
11:15. And of the Levites Semeia the son of Hasub, the son of Azaricam,
the son of Hasabia, the son of Boni,
11:16. And Sabathai and Jozabed, who were over all the outward business
of the house of God, of the princes of the Levites,
11:17. And Mathania the son of Micha, the son of Zebedei, the son of
Asaph, was the principal man to praise, and to give glory in prayer,
and Becbecia, the second, one of his brethren, and Abda the son of
Samua, the son of Galal, the son of Idithun.
11:18. All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred eighty-four.
11:19. And the porters, Accub, Telmon, and their brethren, who kept the
doors: a hundred seventy-two.
11:20. And the rest of Israel, the priests and the Levites were in all
the cities of Juda, every man in his possession.
11:21. And the Nathinites, that dwelt in Ophel, and Siaha, and Gaspha
of the Nathinites.
11:22. And the overseer of the Levites in Jerusalem, was Azzi the son
of Bani, the son of Hasabia, the son of Mathania, the son of Micha. Of
the sons of Asaph, were the singing men in the ministry of the house of
11:23. For the king's commandment was concerning them, and an order
among the singing men day by day.
11:24. And Phathahia the son of Mesezebel of the children of Zara the
son of Juda was at the hand of the king, in all matters concerning the
11:25. And in the houses through all their countries. Of the children
of Juda some dwelt at Cariath-Arbe, and in the villages thereof: and at
Dibon, and in the villages thereof: and at Cabseel, and in the villages
11:26. And at Jesue, and at Molada, and at Bethphaleth,
11:27. And at Hasersuel, and at Bersabee, and in the villages thereof,
11:28. And at Siceleg, and at Mochona, and in the villages thereof,
11:29. And at Remmon, and at Saraa, and at Jerimuth,
11:30. Zanoa, Odollam, and in their villages, at Lachis and its
dependencies, and at Azeca and the villages thereof. And they dwelt
from Bersabee unto the valley of Ennom.
11:31. And the children of Benjamin, from Geba, at Mechmas, and at Hai,
and at Bethel, and in the villages thereof,
11:32. At Anathoth, Nob, Anania,
11:33. Asor, Rama, Gethaim,
11:34. Hadid, Seboim, and Neballat, Lod,
11:35. And Ono the valley of craftsmen.
11:36. And of the Levites were portions of Juda and Benjamin.
2 Esdras Chapter 12
The priests, and Levites that came up with Zorobabel. The succession of
high priests: the solemnity of the dedication of the wall.
12:1. Now these are the priests and the Levites, that went up with
Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Josue: Saraia, Jeremias, Esdras,
12:2. Amaria, Melluch, Hattus,
12:3. Sebenias, Rheum, Merimuth,
12:4. Addo, Genthon, Abia,
12:5. Miamin, Madia, Belga,
12:6. Semeia, and Joiarib, Idaia, Sellum Amoc, Helcias,
12:7. Idaia. These were the chief of the priests, and of their brethren
in the days of Josue.
12:8. And the Levites, Jesua, Bennui, Cedmihel, Sarebia, Juda,
Mathanias, they and their brethren were over the hymns:
12:9. And Becbecia, and Hanni, and their brethren every one in his
12:10. And Josue begot Joacim, and Joacim begot Eliasib, and Eliasib
12:11. And Joiada begot Jonathan and Jonathan begot Jeddoa.
12:12. And in the days of Joacim the priests and heads of the families
were: Of Saraia, Maraia: of Jeremias, Hanania:
12:13. Of Esdras, Mosollam: and of Amaria, Johanan:
12:14. Of Milicho, Jonathan: of Sebenia, Joseph:
12:15. Of Haram, Edna: of Maraioth, Helci:
12:16. Of Adaia, Zacharia: of Genthon, Mosollam:
12:17. Of Abia, Zechri: of Miamin and Moadia, Phelti:
12:18. Of Belga, Sammua of Semaia, Jonathan:
12:19. Of Joiarib, Mathanai: of Jodaia, Azzi:
12:20. Of Sellai, Celai: of Amoc, Heber:
12:21. Of Helcias, Hasebia: of Idaia, Nathanael.
12:22. The Levites the chiefs of the families in the days of Eliasib,
and Joiada, and Johanan, and Jeddoa, were recorded, and the priests in
the reign of Darius the Persian.
12:23. The sons of Levi, heads of the families were written in the book
of Chronicles, even unto the days of Jonathan the son of Eliasib.
12:24. Now the chief of the Levites were Hasebia, Serebia, and Josue
the son of Cedmihel: and their brethren by their courses, to praise and
to give thanks according to the commandment of David the man of God,
and to wait equally in order.
12:25. Mathania, and Becbecia, Obedia, and Mosollam, Telmon, Accub,
were keepers of the gates and of the entrances before the gates.
12:26. These were in the days of Joacim the son of Josue, the son of
Josedec, and in the days of Nehemias the governor, and of Esdras the
priest and scribe.
12:27. And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the
Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, and to
keep the dedication, and to rejoice with thanksgiving, and with
singing, and with cymbals, and psalteries and harps.
12:28. And the sons of the singing men were gathered together out of
the plain country about Jerusalem, and out of the villages of
12:29. And from the house of Galgal, and from the countries of Geba and
Azmaveth: for the singing men had built themselves villages round about
12:30. And the priests and the Levites were purified, and they purified
the people, and the gates, and the wall.
12:31. And I made the princes of Juda go up upon the wall, and I
appointed two great choirs to give praise. And they went on the right
hand upon the wall toward the dung gate.
12:32. And after them went Osaias, and half of the princes of Juda,
12:33. And Azarias, Esdras, and Mosollam, Judas, and Benjamin, and
Semeia, and Jeremias.
12:34. And of the sons of the priests with trumpets, Zacharias the son
of Jonathan, the son of Semeia, the son of Mathania, the son of
Michaia, the son of Zechur, the son of Asaph,
12:35. And his brethren Semeia, and Azareel, Malalai, Galalai, Maai,
Nathanael, and Judas, and Hanani, with the musical instruments of David
the man of God: and Esdras the scribe before them at the fountain gate.
12:36. And they went up over against them by the stairs of the city of
David, at the going up of the wall of the house of David, and to the
water gate eastward:
12:37. And the second choir of them that gave thanks went on the
opposite side, and I after them, and the half of the people upon the
wall, and upon the tower of the furnaces, even to the broad wall,
12:38. And above the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above
the fish gate and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Emath, and
even to the flock gate: and they stood still in the watch gate.
12:39. And the two choirs of them that gave praise stood still at the
house of God, and I and the half of the magistrates with me.
12:40. And the priests, Eliachim, Maasia, Miamin, Michea, Elioenai,
Zacharia, Hanania with trumpets,
12:41. And Maasia, and Semeia, and Eleazar, and Azzi, and Johanan, and
Melchia, and Elam, and Ezer. And the singers sung loud, and Jezraia was
12:42. And they sacrificed on that day great sacrifices, and they
rejoiced: for God had made them joyful with great joy: their wives also
and their children rejoiced, and the joy of Jerusalem was heard afar
12:43. They appointed also in that day men over the storehouses of the
treasure, for the libations, and for the firstfruits, and for the
tithes, that the rulers of the city might bring them in by them in
honour of thanksgiving, for the priests and Levites: for Juda was
joyful in the priests and Levites that assisted.
12:44. And they kept the watch of their God, and the observance of
expiation, and the singing men, and the porters, according to the
commandment of David, and of Solomon his son.
12:45. For in the days of David and Asaph from the beginning there were
chief singers appointed, to praise with canticles, and give thanks to
12:46. And all Israel, in the days of Zorobabel, and in the days of
Nehemias gave portions to the singing men, and to the porters, day by
day, and they sanctified the Levites, and the Levites sanctified the
sons of Aaron.
Sanctified. . .That is, they gave them that which by the law was set
aside, and sanctified for their use.
2 Esdras Chapter 13
Divers abuses are reformed.
13:1. And on that day they read in the book of Moses in the hearing of
the people: and therein was found written, that the Ammonites and the
Moabites should not come in to the church of God for ever:
13:2. Because they met not the children of Israel with bread and water:
and they hired against them Balaam, to curse them, and our God turned
the curse into blessing.
13:3. And it came to pass, when they had heard the law, that they
separated every stranger from Israel.
13:4. And over this thing was Eliasib the priest, who was set over the
treasury of the house of our God, and was near akin to Tobias.
Over this thing, etc. . .Or, he was faulty in this thing, or in this
13:5. And he made him a great storeroom, where before him they laid up
gifts, and frankincense, and vessels, and the tithes of the corn, of
the wine, and of the oil, the portions of the Levites, and of the
singing men, and of the porters, and the firstfruits of the priests.
13:6. But in all this time I was not in Jerusalem, because in the two
and thirtieth year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon, I went to the king,
and after certain days I asked the king:
13:7. And I came to Jerusalem, and I understood the evil that Eliasib
had done for Tobias, to make him a storehouse in the courts of the
house of God.
13:8. And it seemed to me exceeding evil. And I cast forth the vessels
of the house of Tobias out of the storehouse.
13:9. And I commanded and they cleansed again the vessels of the house
of God, the sacrifice, and the frankincense.
13:10. And I perceived that the portions of the Levites had not been
given them: and that the Levites, and the singing men, and they that
ministered were fled away every man to his own country:
13:11. And I pleaded the matter against the magistrates, and said: Why
have we forsaken the house of God? And I gathered them together, and I
made them to stand in their places.
13:12. And all Juda brought the tithe of the corn, and the wine, and
the oil into the storehouses.
13:13. And we set over the storehouses Selemias the priest, and Sadoc
the scribe, and of the Levites Phadaia, and next to them Hanan the son
of Zachur, the son of Mathania: for they were approved as faithful, and
to them were committed the portions of their brethren.
13:14. Remember me, O my God, for this thing, and wipe not out my
kindnesses, which I have done relating to the house of my God and his
13:15. In those days I saw in Juda some treading the presses on the
sabbath, and carrying sheaves, and lading asses with wine, and grapes,
and figs, and all manner of burthens, and bringing them into Jerusalem
on the sabbath day. And I charged them that they should sell on a day
on which it was lawful to sell.
13:16. Some Tyrians also dwelt there, who brought fish, and all manner
of wares: and they sold them on the sabbaths to the children of Juda in
13:17. And I rebuked the chief men of Juda, and said to them: What is
this evil thing that you are doing, profaning the sabbath day:
13:18. Did not our fathers do these things, and our God brought all
this evil upon us, and upon this city? And you bring more wrath upon
Israel by violating the sabbath.
13:19. And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem were at
rest on the sabbath day, I spoke: and they shut the gates, and I
commanded that they should not open them till after the sabbath: and I
set some of my servants at the gates, that none should bring in
burthens on the sabbath day.
13:20. So the merchants, and they that sold all kinds of wares, stayed
without Jerusalem, once or twice.
13:21. And I charged them, and I said to them: Why stay you before the
wall? if you do so another time, I will lay hands on you. And from that
time they came no more on the sabbath.
13:22. I spoke also to the Levites that they should be purified, and
should come to keep the gates, and to sanctify the sabbath day: for
this also remember me, O my God, and spare me according to the
multitude of thy tender mercies.
13:23. In those days also I saw Jews that married wives, women of
Azotus, and of Ammon, and of Moab.
13:24. And their children spoke half in the speech of Azotus, and could
not speak the Jews' language, but they spoke according to the language
of this and that people.
13:25. And I chid them, and laid my curse upon them. And I beat some of
them, and shaved off their hair, and made them swear by God that they
would not give their daughters to their sons, nor take their daughters
for their sons, nor for themselves, saying:
13:26. Did not Solomon king of Israel sin in this kind of thing: and
surely among many nations, there was not a king like him, and he was
beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: and yet
women of other countries brought even him to sin.
13:27. And shall we also be disobedient and do all this great evil to
transgress against our God, and marry strange women:
13:28. And one of the sons of Joiada the son of Eliasib the high
priest, was son in law to Sanaballat the Horonite, and I drove him from
13:29. Remember them, O Lord my God, that defile the priesthood, and
the law of priests and Levites.
13:30. So I separated from them all strangers, and I appointed the
courses of the priests and the Levites, every man in his ministry:
13:31. And for the offering of wood at times appointed, and for the
firstfruits: remember me, O my God, unto good. Amen.
THE BOOK OF TOBIAS
This Book takes its name from the holy man Tobias, whose wonderful
virtues are herein recorded. It contains most excellent documents of
great piety, extraordinary patience, and of a perfect resignation to
the will of God. His humble prayer was heard, and the angel Raphael was
sent to relieve him: he is thankful and praises the Lord, calling on
the children of Israel to do the same. Having lived to the age of one
hundred and two years, he exhorts his son and grandsons to piety,
foretells the destruction of Ninive and the rebuilding of Jerusalem: he
Tobias Chapter 1
Tobias's early piety: his works of mercy, particularly in burying the
1:1. Tobias of the tribe and city of Nephtali, (which is in the upper
parts of Galilee above Naasson, beyond the way that leadeth to the
west, having on the right hand the city of Sephet,)
1:2. When he was made captive in the days of Salmanasar king of the
Assyrians, even in his captivity, forsook not the way of truth,
1:3. But every day gave all he could get to his brethren his fellow
captives, that were of his kindred.
1:4. And when he was younger than any of the tribe of Nephtali, yet did
he no childish thing in his work.
1:5. Moreover when all went to the golden calves which Jeroboam king of
Israel had made, he alone fled the company of all,
1:6. And went to Jerusalem to the temple of the Lord, and there adored
the Lord God of Israel, offering faithfully all his firstfruits, and
1:7. So that in the third year he gave all his tithes to the
proselytes, and strangers.
1:8. These and such like things did he observe when but a boy according
to the law of God.
1:9. But when he was a man, he took to wife Anna of his own tribe, and
had a son by her, whom he called after his own name,
1:10. And from his infancy he taught him to fear God, and to abstain
from all sin.
1:11. And when by the captivity he with his wife and his son and all
his tribe was come to the city of Ninive,
1:12. (When all ate of the meats of the Gentiles) he kept his soul and
never was defiled with their meats.
1:13. And because he was mindful of the Lord with all his heart, God
gave him favour in the sight of Salmanasar the king.
1:14. And he gave him leave to go whithersoever he would, with liberty
to do whatever he had a mind.
1:15. He therefore went to all that were in captivity, and gave them
1:16. And when he was come to Rages a city of the Medes, and had ten
talents of silver of that with which he had been honoured by the king:
1:17. And when amongst a great multitude of his kindred, he saw Gabelus
in want, who was one of his tribe, taking a note of his hand he gave
him the aforesaid sum of money.
1:18. But after a long time, Salmanasar the king being dead, when
Sennacherib his son, who reigned in his place, had a hatred for the
children of Israel:
1:19. Tobias daily went among all his kindred and comforted them, and
distributed to every one as he was able, out of his goods:
1:20. He fed the hungry, and gave clothes to the naked, and was careful
to bury the dead, and they that were slain.
1:21. And when king Sennacherib was come back, fleeing from Judea by
reason of the slaughter that God had made about him for his blasphemy,
and being angry slew many of the children of Israel, Tobias buried
1:22. But when it was told the king, he commanded him to be slain, and
took away all his substance.
1:23. But Tobias fleeing naked away with his son and with his wife, lay
concealed, for many loved him.
1:24. But after forty-five days, the king was killed by his own sons.
1:25. And Tobias returned to his house, and all his substance was
restored to him.
Tobias Chapter 2
Tobias leaveth his dinner to bury the dead: he loseth his sight by
God's permission, for manifestation of his patience.
2:1. But after this, when there was a festival of the Lord, and a good
dinner was prepared in Tobias's house,
2:2. He said to his son: Go, and bring some of our tribe that fear God,
to feast with us.
2:3. And when he had gone, returning he told him, that one of the
children of Israel lay slain in the street. And he forthwith leaped up
from his place at the table, and left his dinner, and came fasting to
2:4. And taking it up carried it privately to his house, that after the
sun was down, he might bury him cautiously.
2:5. And when he had hid the body, he ate bread with mourning and fear,
2:6. Remembering the word which the Lord spoke by Amos the prophet:
Your festival days shall be turned into lamentation and mourning.
2:7. So when the sun was down, he went and buried him.
2:8. Now all his neighbours blamed him, saying: once already
commandment was given for thee to be slain because of this matter, and
thou didst scarce escape the sentence of death, and dost thou again
bury the dead?
2:9. But Tobias fearing God more than the king, carried off the bodies
of them that were slain, and hid them in his house, and at midnight
2:10. Now it happened one day that being wearied with burying, he came
to his house, and cast himself down by the wall and slept,
2:11. And as he was sleeping, hot dung out of a swallow's nest fell
upon his eyes, and he was made blind.
2:12. Now this trial the Lord therefore permitted to happen to him,
that an example might be given to posterity of his patience, as also of
2:13. For whereas he had always feared God from his infancy, and kept
his commandments, he repined not against God because the evil of
blindness had befallen him,
2:14. But continued immoveable in the fear of God, giving thanks to God
all the days of his life.
2:15. For as the kings insulted over holy Job: so his relations and
kinsmen mocked at his life, saying:
Kings. . .So Job's three friends are here called, because they were
princes in their respective territories.
2:16. Where is thy hope, for which thou gavest alms, and buriedst the
2:17. But Tobias rebuked them, saying: Speak not so:
2:18. For we are the children of saints, and look for that life which
God will give to those that never change their faith from him.
2:19. Now Anna his wife went daily to weaving work, and she brought
home what she could get for their living by the labour of her hands.
2:20. Whereby it came to pass, that she received a young kid, and
brought it home:
2:21. And when her husband heard it bleating, he said: Take heed, lest
perhaps it be stolen: restore ye it to its owners, for it is not lawful
for us either to eat or to touch any thing that cometh by theft.
2:22. At these words his wife being angry answered: It is evident the
hope is come to nothing, and thy alms now appear.
2:23. And with these and other, such like words she upbraided him.
Tobias Chapter 3
The prayer of Tobias, and of Sara, in their several afflictions, are
heard by God, and the angel Raphael is sent to relieve them.
3:1. Then Tobias sighed, and began to pray with tears,
3:2. Saying, Thou art just, O Lord, and all thy judgments are just, and
all thy ways mercy, and truth, and judgment:
3:3. And now, O Lord, think of me, and take not revenge of my sins,
neither remember my offences, nor those of my parents.
3:4. For we have not obeyed thy commandments, therefore are we
delivered to spoil and to captivity, and death, and are made a fable,
and a reproach to all nations, amongst which thou hast scattered us.
3:5. And now, O Lord, great are thy judgments, because we have not done
according to thy precepts, and have not walked sincerely before thee.
3:6. And now, O Lord, do with me according to thy will, and command my
spirit to be received in peace: for it is better for me to die, than to
3:7. Now it happened on the same day, that Sara daughter of Raguel, in
Rages a city of the Medes, received a reproach from one of her father's
Rages. . .In the Greek it is Ecbatana, which was also called Rages. For
there were two cities in Media of the name of Rages. Raguel dwelt in
one of them, and Gabelus in the other.
3:8. Because she had been given to seven husbands and a devil named
Asmodeus had killed them, at their first going in unto her.
3:9. So when she reproved the maid for her fault, she answered her,
saying: May we never see son, or daughter of thee upon the earth, thou
murderer of thy husbands.
3:10. Wilt thou kill me also, as thou hast already killed seven
husbands? At these words, she went into an upper chamber of her house:
and for three days and three nights did neither eat nor drink:
3:11. But continuing in prayer with tears besought God, that he would
deliver her from this reproach.
3:12. And it came to pass on the third day when she was making an end
of her prayer, blessing the Lord,
3:13. She said: Blessed is thy name, O God of our fathers, who when
thou hast been angry, wilt shew mercy, and in the time of tribulation
forgivest the sins of them that call upon thee.
3:14. To thee, O Lord, I turn my face, to thee I direct my eyes.
3:15. I beg, O Lord, that thou loose me from the bond of this reproach,
or else take me away from the earth.
3:16. Thou knowest, O Lord, that I never coveted a husband, and have
kept my soul clean from all lust.
3:17. Never have I joined myself with them that play: neither have I
made myself partaker with them that walk in lightness.
3:18. But a husband I consented to take, with thy fear, not with my
3:19. And either I was unworthy of them, or they perhaps were not
worthy of me: because perhaps thou hast kept me for another man,
3:20. For thy counsel is not in man's power.
3:21. But this every one is sure of that worshippeth thee, that his
life, if it be under trial, shall be crowned and if it be under
tribulation, it shall be delivered: and if it be under correction, it
shall be allowed to come to thy mercy.
3:22. For thou art not delighted in our being lost, because after a
storm thou makest a calm, and after tears and weeping thou pourest in
3:23. Be thy name, O God of Israel, blessed for ever,
3:24. At that time the prayers of them both were heard in the sight of
the glory of the most high God:
3:25. And the holy angel of the Lord, Raphael was sent to heal them
both, whose prayers at one time were rehearsed in the sight of the
Tobias Chapter 4
Tobias thinking he shall die, giveth his son godly admonitions: and
telleth him of money he had lent to a friend.
4:1. Therefore when Tobias thought that his prayer was heard that he
might die, he called to him Tobias his son,
4:2. And said to him: Hear, my son, the words of my mouth, and lay them
as a foundation in thy heart.
4:3. When God shall take my soul, thou shalt bury my body: and thou
shalt honour thy mother all the days of her life:
4:4. For thou must be mindful what and how great perils she suffered
for thee in her womb.
4:5. And when she also shall have ended the time of her life, bury her
4:6. And all the days of thy life have God in thy mind: and take heed
thou never consent to sin, nor transgress the commandments of the Lord
4:7. Give alms out of thy substance, and turn not away thy face from
any poor person: for so it shall come to pass that the face of the Lord
shall not be turned from thee.
4:8. According to thy ability be merciful.
4:9. If thou have much give abundantly: if thou have little, take care
even so to bestow willingly a little.
4:10. For thus thou storest up to thyself a good reward for the day of
4:11. For alms deliver from all sin, and from death, and will not
suffer the soul to go into darkness.
4:12. Alms shall be a great confidence before the most high God, to all
them that give it.
4:13. Take heed to keep thyself, my son, from all fornication, and
beside thy wife never endure to know a crime.
4:14. Never suffer pride to reign in thy mind, or in thy words: for
from it all perdition took its beginning.
4:15. If any man hath done any work for thee, immediately pay him his
hire, and let not the wages of thy hired servant stay with thee at all.
4:16. See thou never do to another what thou wouldst hate to have done
to thee by another.
4:17. Eat thy bread with the hungry and the needy, and with thy
garments cover the naked,
4:18. Lay out thy bread, and thy wine upon the burial of a just man,
and do not eat and drink thereof with the wicked.
4:19. Seek counsel always of a wise man.
4:20. Bless God at all times: and desire of him to direct thy ways, and
that all thy counsels may abide in him.
4:21. I tell thee also, my son, that I lent ten talents of silver,
while thou wast yet a child, to Gabelus, in Rages a city of the Medes,
and I have a note of his hand with me:
4:22. Now therefore inquire how thou mayst go to him, and receive of
him the foresaid sum of money, and restore to him the note of his hand.
4:23. Fear not, my son: we lead indeed a poor life, but we shall have
many good things if we fear God, and depart from all sin, and do that
which is good.
Tobias Chapter 5
Young Tobias seeking a guide for his journey, the angel Raphael, in
shape of a man, undertaketh this office.
5:1. Then Tobias answered his father, and said: I will do all things,
father, which thou hast commanded me.
5:2. But how I shall get this money, I cannot tell; he knoweth not me,
and I know not him: what token shall I give him? nor did I ever know
the way which leadeth thither.
5:3. Then his father answered him, and said: I have a note of his hand
with me, which when thou shalt shew him, he will presently pay it.
5:4. But go now, and seek thee out some faithful man, to go with thee
for his hire: that thou mayst receive it, while I yet live.
5:5. Then Tobias going forth, found a beautiful young man, standing
girded, and as it were ready to walk.
5:6. And not knowing that he was an angel of God, he saluted him, and
said: From whence art thou, good young man?
5:7. But he answered: Of the children of Israel. And Tobias said to
him: Knowest thou the way that leadeth to the country of the Medes?
5:8. And he answered: I know it: and I have often walked through all
the ways thereof, and I have abode with Gabelus our brother, who
dwelleth at Rages a city of the Medes, which is situate in the mount of
5:9. And Tobias said to him: Stay for me, I beseech thee, till I tell
these same things to my father.
5:10. Then Tobias going in told all these things to his father. Upon
which his father being in admiration, desired that he would come in
5:11. So going in he saluted him, and said: Joy be to thee always.
5:12. And Tobias said: What manner of joy shall be to me, who sit in
darkness and see not the light of heaven?
5:13. And the young man said to him: Be of good courage, thy cure from
God is at hand.
5:14. And Tobias said to him: Canst thou conduct my son to Gabelus at
Rages, a city of the Medes? and when thou shalt return, I will pay thee
5:15. And the angel said to him: I will conduct him thither, and bring
him back to thee.
5:16. And Tobias said to him: I pray thee, tell me, of what family, or
what tribe art thou?
5:17. And Raphael the angel answered: Dost thou seek the family of him
thou hirest, or the hired servant himself to go with thy son?
5:18. But lest I should make thee uneasy, I am Azarias the son of the
Azarias. . .The angel took the form of Azarias: and therefore might call
himself by the name of the man whom he personated. Azarias, in Hebrew,
signifies the help of God, and Ananias the grace of God.
5:19. And Tobias answered: Thou art of a great family. But I pray thee
be not angry that I desired to know thy family.
5:20. And the angel said to him: I will lead thy son safe, and bring
him to thee again safe.
5:21. And Tobias answering, said: May you have a good journey, and God
be with you in your way, and his angel accompany you.
5:22. Then all things being ready, that were to be carried in their
journey, Tobias bade his father and his mother farewell, and they set
out both together.
5:23. And when they were departed, his mother began to weep, and to
say: Thou hast taken the staff of our old age, and sent him away from
5:24. I wish the money for which thou hast sent him, had never been.
5:25. For our poverty was sufficient for us, that we might account it
as riches, that we saw our son.
5:26. And Tobias said to her: Weep not, our son will arrive thither
safe, and will return safe to us, and thy eyes shall see him.
5:27. For I believe that the good angel of God doth accompany him, and
doth order all things well that are done about him, so that he shall
return to us with joy.
5:28. At these words his mother ceased weeping, and held her peace.
Tobias Chapter 6
By the angel's advice young Tobias taketh hold on a fish that
assaulteth him. Reserveth the heart, the gall, and the liver for
medicines. They lodge at the house of Raguel, whose daughter Sara,
Tobias is to marry; she had before been married to seven husbands, who
were all slain by a devil.
6:1. And Tobias went forward, and the dog followed him, and he lodged
the first night by the river of Tigris.
6:2. And he went out to wash his feet, and behold a monstrous fish came
up to devour him.
6:3. And Tobias being afraid of him, cried out with a loud voice,
saying: Sir, he cometh upon me.
6:4. And the angel said to him: Take him by the gill, and draw him to
thee. And when he had done so, he drew him out upon the land, and he
began to pant before his feet.
6:5. Then the angel said to him: Take out the entrails of this fish,
and lay up his heart, and his gall, and his liver for thee: for these
are necessary for useful medicines.
6:6. And when he had done so, he roasted the flesh thereof, and they
took it with them in the way: the rest they salted as much as might
serve them, till they came to Rages the city of the Medes.
6:7. Then Tobias asked the angel, and said to him: I beseech thee,
brother Azarias, tell me what remedies are these things good for, which
thou hast bid me keep of the fish?
6:8. And the angel, answering, said to him: If thou put a little piece
of its heart upon coals, the smoke thereof driveth away all kind of
devils, either from man or from woman, so that they come no more to
Its heart, etc. The liver (ver. 19). . .God was pleased to give these
things a virtue against those proud spirits, to make them, who affected
to be like the Most High, subject to such mean corporeal creatures as
instruments of his power.
6:9. And the gall is good for anointing the eyes, in which there is a
white speck, and they shall be cured.
6:10. And Tobias said to him: Where wilt thou that we lodge?
6:11. And the angel answering, said: Here is one whose name is Raguel,
a near kinsman of thy tribe, and he hath a daughter named Sara, but he
hath no son nor any other daughter beside her.
6:12. All his substance is due to thee, and thou must take her to wife.
6:13. Ask her therefore of her father, and he will give her thee to
6:14. Then Tobias answered, and said: I hear that she hath been given
to seven husbands, and they all died: moreover I have heard, that a
devil killed them.
6:15. Now I am afraid, lest the same thing should happen to me also:
and whereas I am the only child of my parents, I should bring down
their old age with sorrow to hell.
Hell. . .That is, to the place where the souls of the good were kept
before the coming of Christ.
6:16. Then the angel Raphael said to him: Hear me, and I will shew thee
who they are, over whom the devil can prevail.
6:17. For they who in such manner receive matrimony, as to shut out God
from themselves, and from their mind, and to give themselves to their
lust, as the horse and mule, which have not understanding, over them
the devil hath power.
6:18. But thou when thou shalt take her, go into the chamber, and for
three days keep thyself continent from her, and give thyself to nothing
else but to prayers with her.
6:19. And on that night lay the liver of the fish on the fire, and the
devil shall be driven away.
6:20. But the second night thou shalt be admitted into the society of
the holy Patriarchs.
6:21. And the third night thou shalt obtain a blessing that sound
children may be born of you.
6:22. And when the third night is past, thou shalt take the virgin with
the fear of the Lord, moved rather for love of children than for lust,
that in the seed of Abraham thou mayst obtain a blessing in children.
Tobias Chapter 7
They are kindly entertained by Raguel. Tobias demandeth Sara to wife.
7:1. And they went in to Raguel, and Raguel received them with joy.
7:2. And Raguel looking upon Tobias, said to Anna his wife: How like is
this young man to my cousin?
7:3. And when he had spoken these words, he said: Whence are ye young
men our brethren?
7:4. But they said: We are of the tribe of Nephtali, of the captivity
7:5. And Raguel said to them: Do you know Tobias my brother? And they
said: We know him.
7:6. And when he was speaking many good things of him, the angel said
to Raguel: Tobias concerning whom thou inquirest is this young man's
7:7. And Raguel went to him, and kissed him with tears and weeping upon
his neck, said: A blessing be upon thee, my son, because thou art the
son of a good and most virtuous man.
7:8. And Anna his wife, and Sara their daughter wept.
7:9. And after they had spoken, Raguel commanded a sheep to be killed,
and a feast to be prepared. And when he desired them to sit down to
7:10. Tobias said: I will not eat nor drink here this day, unless thou
first grant me my petition, and promise to give me Sara thy daughter.
7:11. Now when Raguel heard this he was afraid, knowing what had
happened to those seven husbands, that went in unto her: and he began
to fear lest it might happen to him also in like manner: and as he was
in suspense, and gave no answer to his petition,
7:12. The angel said to him: Be not afraid to give her to this man, for
to him who feareth God is thy daughter due to be his wife: therefore
another could not have her.
7:13. Then Raguel said: I doubt not but God hath regarded my prayers
and tears in his sight.
7:14. And I believe he hath therefore made you come to me, that this
maid might be married to one of her own kindred, according to the law
of Moses: and now doubt not but I will give her to thee.
7:15. And taking the right hand of his daughter, he gave it into the
right hand of Tobias, saying: The God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac,
and the God of Jacob be with you, and may he join you together, and
fulfil his blessing in you.
7:16. And taking paper they made a writing of the marriage.
7:17. And afterwards they made merry, blessing God.
7:18. And Raguel called to him Anna his wife, and bade her to prepare
7:19. And she brought Sara her daughter in thither, and she wept.
7:20. And she said to her: Be of good cheer, my daughter: the Lord of
heaven give thee joy for the trouble thou hast undergone.
Tobias Chapter 8
Tobias burneth part of the fish's liver, and Raphael bindeth the devil.
Tobias and Sara pray.
8:1. And after they had supped, they brought in the young man to her.
8:2. And Tobias remembering the angel's word, took out of his bag part
of the liver, and laid it upon burning coals.
8:3. Then the angel Raphael took the devil, and bound him in the desert
of upper Egypt.
8:4. Then Tobias exhorted the virgin, and said to her: Sara, arise, and
let us pray to God to day, and to morrow, and the next day: because for
these three nights we are joined to God: and when the third night is
over, we will be in our own wedlock.
8:5. For we are the children of saints, and we must not be joined
together like heathens that know not God.
8:6. So they both arose, and prayed earnestly both together that health
might be given them,
8:7. And Tobias said: Lord God of our fathers, may the heavens and the
earth, and the sea, and the fountains, and the rivers, and all thy
creatures that are in them, bless thee.
8:8. Thou madest Adam of the slime of the earth, and gavest him Eve for
8:9. And now, Lord, thou knowest, that not for fleshly lust do I take
my sister to wife, but only for the love of posterity, in which thy
name may be blessed for ever and ever.
8:10. Sara also said: Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us, and
let us grow old both together in health.
8:11. And it came to pass about the cockcrowing, Raguel ordered his
servants to be called for, and they went with him together to dig a
8:12. For he said: Lest perhaps it may have happened to him, in like
manner as it did to the other seven husbands, that went in unto her.
8:13. And when they had prepared the pit, Raguel went back to his wife,
and said to her:
8:14. Send one of thy maids, and let her see if he be dead, that I may
bury him before it be day.
8:15. So she sent one of her maidservants, who went into the chamber,
and found them safe and sound, sleeping both together.
8:16. And returning she brought the good news: and Raguel and Anna his
wife blessed the Lord,
8:17. And said: We bless thee, O Lord God of Israel, because it hath
not happened as we suspected.
8:18. For thou hast shewn thy mercy to us, and hast shut out from us
the enemy that persecuted us.
8:19. And thou hast taken pity upon two only children. Make them, O
Lord, bless thee more fully: and to offer up to thee a sacrifice of thy
praise, and of their health, that all nations may know, that thou alone
art God in all the earth.
8:20. And immediately Raguel commanded his servants, to fill up the pit
they had made, before it was day.
8:21. And he spoke to his wife to make ready a feast, and prepare all
kind of provisions that are necessary for such as go a journey.
8:22. He caused also two fat kine, and four wethers to be killed, and a
banquet to be prepared for all his neighbours, and all his friends,
8:23. And Raguel adjured Tobias, to abide with him two weeks.
8:24. And of all things which Raguel possessed, he gave one half to
Tobias, and made a writing, that the half that remained should after
their decease come also to Tobias.