Part 15 out of 30
to meet them.
20:43. And so it was, that they were slain on both sides by the
enemies, and there was no rest of their men dying. They fell and were
beaten down on the east side of the city of Gabaa.
20:44. And they that were slain in the same place, were eighteen
thousand men, all most valiant soldiers.
20:45. And when they that remained of Benjamin saw this, they fled into
the wilderness, and made towards the rock that is called Remmon. In
that flight also, as they were straggling, and going different ways;
they slew of them five thousand men. And as they went farther, they
still pursued them, and slew also other two thousand.
20:46. And so it came to pass, that all that were slain of Benjamin, in
divers places, were five and twenty thousand fighting men, most valiant
20:47. And there remained of all the number of Benjamin only six
hundred men that were able to escape, and flee to the wilderness: and
they abode in the rock Remmon four months.
20:48. But the children of Israel returning, put all the remains of the
city to the sword, both men and beasts, and all the cities and villages
of Benjamin were consumed with devouring flames.
Judges Chapter 21
The tribe of Benjamin is saved from being utterly extinct, by providing
wives for the six hundred that remained.
21:1. Now the children of Israel had also sworn in Maspha, saying: None
of us shall give of his daughters to the children of Benjamin to wife.
21:2. And they all came to the house of God in Silo, and sitting before
him till the evening, lifted up their voices, and began to lament and
21:3. O Lord God of Israel, why is so great an evil come to pass in thy
people, that this day one tribe should be taken away from among us?
21:4. And rising early the next day, they built an altar: and offered
there holocausts, and victims of peace, and they said:
21:5. Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with
the army of the Lord? for they had bound themselves with a great oath,
when they were in Maspha, that whosoever were wanting should be slain.
21:6. And the children of Israel being moved with repentance for their
brother Benjamin, began to say: One tribe is taken away from Israel.
21:7. Whence shall they take wives? For we have all in general sworn,
not to give our daughters to them.
21:8. Therefore they said: Who is there of all the tribes of Israel,
that came not up to the Lord to Maspha? And, behold, the inhabitants of
Jabes Galaad were found not to have been in that army.
21:9. (At that time also when they were in Silo, no one of them was
21:10. So they sent ten thousand of the most valiant men, and commanded
them, saying: Go and put the inhabitants of Jabes Galaad to the sword,
with their wives and their children.
21:11. And this is what you shall observe: Every male, and all women
that have known men, you shall kill, but the virgins you shall save.
21:12. And there were found of Jabes Galaad four hundred virgins, that
had not known the bed of a man, and they brought them to the camp in
Silo, into the land of Chanaan.
21:13. And they sent messengers to the children of Benjamin, that were
in the rock Remmon, and commanded them to receive them in peace.
21:14. And the children of Benjamin came at that time, and wives were
given them of Jabes Galaad: but they found no others, whom they might
give in like manner.
21:15. And all Israel was very sorry, and repented for the destroying
of one tribe out of Israel.
21:16. And the ancients said: What shall we do with the rest, that have
not received wives? for all the women in Benjamin are dead.
21:17. And we must use all care, and provide with great diligence, that
one tribe be not destroyed out of Israel.
21:18. For as to our own daughters we cannot give them, being bound
with an oath and a curse, whereby we said: Cursed be he that shall give
Benjamin any of his daughters to wife.
21:19. So they took counsel, and said: Behold, there is a yearly
solemnity of the Lord in Silo, which is situate on the north of the
city of Bethel, and on the east side of the way, that goeth from Bethel
to Sichem, and on the south of the town of Lebona.
21:20. And they commanded the children of Benjamin and said: Go, and
lie hid in the vineyards,
21:21. And when you shall see the daughters of Silo come out, as the
custom is, to dance, come ye on a sudden out of the vineyards, and
catch you every man his wife among them, and go into the land of
21:22. And when their fathers and their brethren shall come, and shall
begin to complain against you, and to chide, we will say to them: Have
pity on them: for they took them not away as by the right of war or
conquest, but when they asked to have them, you gave them not, and the
fault was committed on your part.
21:23. And the children of Benjamin did as they had been commanded:
and, according to their number, they carried off for themselves every
man his wife of them that were dancing: and they went into their
possession, and built up their cities, and dwelt in them.
21:24. The children of Israel also returned by their tribes, and
families, to their dwellings. In those days there was no king in
Israel: but every one did that which seemed right to himself.
THE BOOK OF RUTH
This Book is called RUTH, from the name of the person whose history is
here recorded: who, being a Gentile, became a convert to the true
faith, and marrying Booz, the great-grandfather of David, was one of
those from whom Christ sprung according to the flesh, and an
illustrious figure of the Gentile church. It is thought this book was
written by the prophet Samuel.
Ruth Chapter 1
Elimelech of Bethlehem going with his wife Noemi, and two sons, into
the land of Moab, dieth there. His sons marry wives of that country and
die without issue. Noemi returneth home with her daughter in law Ruth,
who refuseth to part with her.
1:1. In the days of the judges, when the judges ruled, there came a
famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem Juda, went to
sojourn in the land of Moab with his wife and his two sons.
1:2. He was named Elimelech, and his wife Noemi: and his two sons, the
one Mahalon, and the other Chelion, Ephrathites of Bethlehem Juda. And
entering into the country of Moab, they abode there.
1:3. And Elimelech the husband of Noemi died: and she remained with her
1:4. And they took wives of the women of Moab, of which one was called
Orpha, and the other Ruth. And they dwelt their ten years,
1:5. And they both died, to wit, Mahalon and Chelion: and the woman was
left alone, having lost both her sons and her husband.
1:6. And she arose to go from the land of Moab to her own country, with
both her daughters in law: for she had heard that the Lord had looked
upon his people, and had given them food.
1:7. Wherefore she went forth out of the place of her sojournment, with
both her daughters in law: and being now in the way to return into the
land of Juda,
1:8. She said to them: Go ye home to your mothers, the Lord deal
mercifully with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me.
1:9. May he grant you to find rest in the houses of the husbands whom
you shall take. And she kissed them. And they lifted up their voice,
and began to weep,
1:10. And to say: We will go on with thee to thy people.
1:11. But she answered them: Return, my daughters: why come ye with me?
have I any more sons in my womb, that you may hope for husbands of me?
1:12. Return again, my daughters, and go your ways: for I am now spent
with age, and not fit for wedlock. Although I might conceive this
night, and bear children,
1:13. If you would wait till they were grown up, and come to man's
estate, you would be old women before you marry. Do not so, my
daughters, I beseech you: for I am grieved the more for your distress,
and the hand of the Lord is gone out against me.
1:14. And they lifted up their voice, and began to weep again: Orpha
kissed her mother in law, and returned: Ruth stuck close to her mother
1:15. And Noemi said to her: Behold thy kinswoman is returned to her
people, and to her gods, go thou with her.
To her gods, etc. . .Noemi did not mean to persuade Ruth to return to
the false gods she had formerly worshipped: but by this manner of
speech, insinuated to her, that if she would go with her, she must
renounce her false gods and return to the Lord the God of Israel.
1:16. She answered: Be not against me, to desire that I should leave
thee and depart: for whithersoever thou shalt go, I will go: and where
thou shalt dwell, I also will dwell. Thy people shall be my people, and
thy God my God.
1:17. The land that shall receive thee dying, in the same will I die:
and there will I be buried. The Lord do so and so to me, and add more
also, if aught but death part me and thee.
The Lord do so and so, etc. . .A form of swearing usual in the history
of the Old Testament, by which the person wished such and such evils to
fall upon them, if they did not do what they said.
1:18. Then Noemi seeing that Ruth was steadfastly determined to go with
her, would not be against it, nor persuade her any more to return to
1:19. So they went together, and came to Bethlehem. And when they were
come into the city, the report was quickly spread among all: and the
women said: This is that Noemi.
1:20. But she said to them: Call me not Noemi (that is, beautiful,) but
call me Mara (that is, bitter), for the Almighty hath quite filled me
1:21. I went out full and the Lord hath brought me back empty. Why then
do you call me Noemi, whom the Lord hath humbled, and the Almighty hath
1:22. So Noemi came with Ruth, the Moabitess, her daughter in law, from
the land of her sojournment: and returned into Bethlehem, in the
beginning of the barley harvest.
Ruth Chapter 2
Ruth gleaneth in the field of Booz, who sheweth her favour.
2:1. Now her husband Elimelech had a kinsman, a powerful man, and very
rich, whose name was Booz.
2:3. And Ruth, the Moabitess, said to her mother in law: If thou wilt,
I will go into the field, and glean the ears of corn that escape the
hands of the reapers, wheresoever I shall find grace with a
householder, that will be favourable to me. And she answered her: Go,
2:3. She went, therefore, and gleaned the ears of corn after the
reapers. And it happened that the owner of that field was Booz, who was
of the kindred of Elimelech.
2:4. And behold, he came out of Bethlehem, and said to the reapers: The
Lord be with you. And they answered him: The Lord bless thee.
2:5. And Booz said to the young man that was set over the reapers:
Whose maid is this ?
2:6. And he answered him: This is the Moabitess, who came with Noemi,
from the land of Moab,
2:7. And she desired leave to glean the ears of corn that remain,
following the steps of the reapers: and she hath been in the field from
morning till now, and hath not gone home for one moment.
2:8. And Booz said to Ruth: Hear me, daughter, do not go to glean in
any other field, and do not depart from this place: but keep with my
2:9. And follow where they reap. For I have charged my young men, not
to molest thee: and if thou art thirsty, go to the vessels, and drink
of the waters whereof the servants drink.
2:10. She fell on her face, and worshipping upon the ground, said to
him: Whence cometh this to me, that I should find grace before thy
eyes, and that thou shouldst vouchsafe to take notice of me, a woman of
2:11. And he answered her: All hath been told me, that thou hast done
to thy mother in law after the death of thy husband: and how thou hast
left thy parents, and the land wherein thou wast born, and art come to
a people which thou knewest not heretofore.
2:12. The Lord render unto thee for thy work, and mayst thou receive a
full reward of the Lord the God of Israel, to whom thou art come, and
under whose wings thou art fled.
2:13. And she said: I have found grace in thy eyes, my lord, who hast
comforted me, and hast spoken to the heart of thy handmaid, who am not
like to one of thy maids.
2:14. And Booz said to her: At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of
the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. So she sat at the side of
the reapers, and she heaped to herself frumenty, and ate and was
filled, and took the leavings.
2:15. And she arose from thence, to glean the ears of corn as before.
And Booz commanded his servants, saying: If she would even reap with
you, hinder her not:
2:16. And let fall some of your handfuls of purpose, and leave them,
that she may gather them without shame, and let no man rebuke her when
she gathereth them.
2:17. She gleaned therefore in the field till evening: and beating out
with a rod, and threshing what she had gleaned, she found about the
measure of an ephi of barley, that is, three bushels:
2:18. Which she took up, and returned into the city, and shewed it to
her mother in law: moreover, she brought out, and gave her of the
remains of her meat, wherewith she had been filled.
2:19. And her mother in law said to her: Where hast thou gleaned today,
and where hast thou wrought? blessed be he that hath had pity on thee.
And she told her with whom she had wrought: and she told the man's
name, that he was called Booz.
2:20. And Noemi answered her: Blessed be he of the Lord: because the
same kindness which he shewed to the living, he hath kept also to the
dead. And again she said: The man is our kinsman.
2:21. And Ruth said: He also charged me, that I should keep close to
his reapers, till all the corn should be reaped.
2:22. And her mother in law said to her: It is better for thee, my
daughter, to go out to reap with his maids, lest in another man's field
some one may resist thee.
2:23. So she kept close to the maids of Booz: and continued to glean
with them, till all the barley and the wheat were laid up in the barns.
Ruth Chapter 3
Ruth instructed by her mother in law lieth at Booz's feet, claiming him
for her husband by the law of affinity: she receiveth a good answer,
and six measures of barley.
3:1. After she was returned to her mother in law, Noemi said to her: My
daughter, I will seek rest for thee, and will provide that it may be
well with thee.
3:2. This Booz, with whose maids thou wast joined in the field, is our
near kinsman, and behold this night he winnoweth barley in the
3:3. Wash thyself therefore and anoint thee, and put on thy best
garments, and go down to the barnfloor: but let not the man see thee,
till he shall have done eating and drinking.
3:4. And when he shall go to sleep, mark the place wherein he sleepeth:
and thou shalt go in, and lift up the clothes wherewith he is covered
towards his feet, and shalt lay thyself down there: and he will tell
thee what thou must do.
3:5. She answered: Whatsoever thou shalt command, I will do.
3:6. And she went down to the barnfloor, and did all that her mother in
law had bid her.
3:7. And when Booz had eaten, and drunk, and was merry, he went to
sleep by the heap of sheaves, and she came softly, and uncovering his
feet, laid herself down.
3:8. And behold, when it was now midnight the man was afraid, and
troubled: and he saw a woman lying at his feet,
3:9. And he said to her: Who art thou ? And she answered: I am Ruth,
thy handmaid: spread thy coverlet over thy servant, for thou art a near
3:10. And he said: Blessed art thou of the Lord, my daughter, and thy
latter kindness has surpassed the former: because thou hast not
followed young men either poor or rich.
Thy latter kindness, viz. . .to thy husband deceased in seeking to keep
up his name and family by marrying his relation according to the law,
and not following after young men. For Booz, it seems, was then in
3:11. Fear not therefore, but whatsoever thou shalt say to me I will do
to thee. For all the people that dwell within the gates of my city,
know that thou art a virtuous woman.
3:12. Neither do I deny myself to be near of kin, but there is another
nearer than I.
3:13. Rest thou this night: and when morning is come, if he will take
thee by the right of kindred, all is well: but if he will not, I will
undoubtedly take thee, so the Lord liveth: sleep till the morning.
3:14. So she slept at his feet till the night was going off. And she
arose before men could know one another, and Booz said: Beware lest any
man know that thou camest hither.
3:15. And again he said: Spread thy mantle, wherewith thou art covered,
and hold it with both hands. And when she spread it and held it, he
measured six measures of barley, and laid it upon her. And she carried
it, and went into the city,
3:16. And came to her mother in law; who said to her: What hast thou
done, daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her.
3:17. And she said: Behold he hath given me six measures of barley: for
he said: I will not have thee return empty to thy mother in law.
3:18. And Noemi said: Wait, my daughter, till we see what end the thing
will have. For the man will not rest until he have accomplished what he
Ruth Chapter 4
Upon the refusal of the nearer kinsman, Booz marrieth Ruth, who
bringeth forth Obed, the grandfather of David.
4:1. Then Booz went up to the gate, and sat there. And when he had seen
the kinsman going by, of whom he had spoken before, he said to him,
calling him by his name: Turn aside for a little while, and sit down
here. He turned aside, and sat down.
4:2. And Booz, taking ten men of the ancients of the city, said to
them: Sit ye down here.
4:3. They sat down, and he spoke to the kinsman: Noemi, who is returned
from the country of Moab will sell a parcel of land that belonged to
our brother Elimelech.
4:4. I would have thee to understand this, and would tell thee before
all that sit here, and before the ancients of my people. If thou wilt
take possession of it by the right of kindred: buy it, and possess it:
but if it please thee not, tell me so, that I may know what I have to
do. For there is no near kinsman besides thee, who art first, and me,
who am second. But he answered: I will buy the field.
4:5. And Booz said to him: When thou shalt buy the field at the woman's
hand, thou must take also Ruth, the Moabitess, who was the wife of the
deceased: to raise up the name of thy kinsman in his inheritance.
4:6. He answered: I yield up my right of next akin: for I must not cut
off the posterity of my own family. Do thou make use of my privilege,
which I profess I do willingly forego.
4:7. Now this in former times was the manner in Israel between kinsmen,
that if at any time one yielded his right to another: that the grant
might be sure, the man put off his shoe and gave it to his neighbour;
this was a testimony of cession of right in Israel.
4:8. So Booz said to his kinsman: Put off thy shoe. And immediately he
took it off from his foot.
4:9. And he said to the ancients, and to all the people: You are
witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and
Chelion's, and Mahalon's, of the hand of Noemi:
4:10. And have taken to wife Ruth, the Moabitess, the wife of Mahalon,
to raise up the name of the deceased in his inheritance lest his name
be cut off, from among his family and his brethren and his people. You,
I say, are witnesses of this thing.
4:11. Then all the people that were in the gate, and the ancients,
answered: We are witnesses: The Lord make this woman who cometh into
thy house, like Rachel, and Lia, who built up the house of Israel: that
she may be an example of virtue in Ephrata, and may have a famous name
Ephrata. . .Another name of Bethlehem.
4:12. And that the house may be, as the house of Phares, whom Thamar
bore unto Juda, of the seed which the Lord shall give thee of this
4:13. Booz therefore took Ruth, and married her: and went in unto her,
and the Lord gave her to conceive, and to bear a son.
4:14. And the women said to Noemi: Blessed be the Lord, who hath not
suffered thy family to want a successor: that his name should be
preserved in Israel.
4:15. And thou shouldst have one to comfort thy soul, and cherish thy
old age. For he is born of thy daughter in law: who loveth thee: and
is much better to thee, than if thou hadst seven sons.
4:16. And Noemi taking the child, laid it in her bosom, and she carried
it, and was a nurse unto it.
4:17. And the women, her neighbours, congratulating with her, and
saying, There is a son born to Noemi, called his name Obed: he is the
father of Isai, the father of David.
4:18. These are the generations of Phares: Phares begot Esron,
4:19. Esron begot Aram, Aram begot Aminadab,
4:20. Aminadab begot Nahasson, Nahasson begot Salmon,
4:21. Salmon begot Booz, Booz begot Obed,
4:22. Obed begot Isai, Isai begot David.
THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL, OTHERWISE CALLED THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS
This and the following Book are called by the Hebrews the books of
Samuel, because they contain the history of Samuel, and of the two
kings, Saul and David, whom he anointed. They are more commonly named
by the Fathers, the first and second book of kings. As to the writer of
them, it is the common opinion that Samuel composed the first book, as
far as the twenty-fifth chapter; and that the prophets Nathan and Gad
finished the first, and wrote the second book. See 1 Paralipomenon,
alias 1 Chronicles, 29.29.
1 Kings Chapter 1
Anna the wife of Elcana being barren, by vow and prayer obtaineth a
son: whom she calleth Samuel: and presenteth him to the service of God
in Silo, according to her vow.
1:1. There was a man of Ramathaimsophim, of Mount Ephraim, and his name
was Elcana, the son of Jeroham, the son of Eliu, the son of Thohu, the
son of Suph, an Ephraimite:
An Ephraimite. . .He was of the tribe of Levi, 1. Par. 6.34, but is
called an Ephraimite from dwelling in mount Ephraim.
1:2. And he had two wives, the name of one was Anna, and the name of
the other Phenenna. Phenenna had children: but Anna had no children.
1:3. And this man went up out of his city upon the appointed days, to
adore and to offer sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Silo. And the two
sons of Heli, Ophni and Phinees, were there priests of the Lord.
1:4. Now the day came, and Elcana offered sacrifice, and gave to
Phenenna, his wife, and to all her sons and daughters, portions:
1:5. But to Anna he gave one portion with sorrow, because he loved
Anna. And the Lord had shut up her womb.
1:6. Her rival also afflicted her, and troubled her exceedingly,
insomuch that she upbraided her, that the Lord had shut up her womb:
1:7. And thus she did every year, when the time returned, that they
went up to the temple of the Lord: and thus she provoked her: but Anna
wept, and did not eat.
1:8. Then Elcana, her husband, said to her: Anna, why weepest thou? and
why dost thou not eat? and why dost thou afflict thy heart? Am not I
better to thee than ten children?
1:9. So Anna arose after she had eaten and drunk in Silo: And Heli, the
priest, sitting upon a stool before the door of the temple of the Lord;
1:10. As Anna had her heart full of grief, she prayed to the Lord,
shedding many tears,
1:11. And she made a vow, saying: O Lord of hosts, if thou wilt look
down, and wilt be mindful of me, and not forget thy handmaid, and wilt
give to thy servant a manchild: I will give him to the Lord all the
days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head.
1:12. And it came to pass, as she multiplied prayers before the Lord,
that Heli observed her mouth.
1:13. Now Anna spoke in her heart, and only her lips moved, but her
voice was not heard at all. Heli therefore thought her to be drunk,
1:14. And said to her: How long wilt thou be drunk? digest a little the
wine, of which thou hast taken too much.
1:15. Anna answering, said: Not so, my lord: for I am an exceeding
unhappy woman, and have drunk neither wine nor any strong drink, but I
have poured out my soul before the Lord.
1:16. Count not thy handmaid for one of the daughters of Belial: for
out of the abundance of my sorrow and grief have I spoken till now.
1:17. Then Heli said to her: Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant
thee thy petition, which thou hast asked of him.
1:18. And she said: Would to God thy handmaid may find grace in thy
eyes. So the woman went on her way, and ate, and her countenance was no
1:19. And they rose in the morning, and worshipped before the Lord: and
they returned, and came into their house at Ramatha. And Elcana knew
Anna his wife: And the Lord remembered her.
1:20. And it came to pass when the time was come about, Anna conceived
and bore a son, and called his name Samuel: because she had asked him
of the Lord.
Samuel. . .This name imports, asked of God.
1:21. And Elcana, her husband, went up, and all his house, to offer to
the Lord the solemn sacrifice, and his vow.
1:22. But Anna went not up: for she said to her husband: I will not go
till the child be weaned, and till I may carry him, that he may appear
before the Lord, and may abide always there.
1:23. And Elcana, her husband, said to her: Do what seemeth good to
thee, and stay till thou wean him: and I pray that the Lord may fulfil
his word. So the woman staid at home, and gave her son suck, till she
1:24. And after she had weaned him, she carried him with her, with
three calves, and three bushels of flour, and a bottle of wine, and she
brought him to the house of the Lord in Silo. Now the child was as yet
1:25. And they immolated a calf, and offered the child to Heli.
1:26. And Anna said: I beseech thee, my lord, as thy soul liveth, my
lord: I am that woman, who stood before thee here praying to the Lord.
1:27. For this child did I pray, and the Lord hath granted me my
petition, which I asked of him.
1:28. Therefore I also have lent him to the Lord all the days of his
life, he shall be lent to the Lord. And they adored the Lord there. And
Anna prayed, and said:
1 Kings Chapter 2
The canticle of Anna. The wickedness of the sons of Heli: for which
they are not duly corrected by their father. A prophecy against the
house of Heli.
2:1. My heart hath rejoiced in the Lord, and my horn is exalted in my
God: my mouth is enlarged over my enemies: because I have joyed in thy
My horn. . .The horn in the scriptures signifies strength, power, the
horn is said to be exalted, when a person receives an increase of
strength or glory.
2:2. There is none holy as the Lord is: for there is no other beside
thee, and there is none strong like our God.
2:3. Do not multiply to speak lofty things, boasting: let old matters
depart from your mouth: for the Lord is a God of all knowledge, and to
him are thoughts prepared.
2:4. The bow of the mighty is overcome, and the weak are girt with
2:5. They that were full before, have hired out themselves for bread:
and the hungry are filled, so that the barren hath borne many: and she
that had many children is weakened.
2:6. The Lord killeth and maketh alive, he bringeth down to hell, and
bringeth back again.
2:7. The Lord maketh poor and maketh rich, he humbleth and he exalteth:
2:8. He raiseth up the needy from the dust, and lifteth up the poor
from the dunghill: that he may sit with princes, and hold the throne of
glory. For the poles of the earth are the Lord's, and upon them he hath
set the world.
2:9. He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be
silent in darkness; because no man shall prevail by his own strength.
2:10. The adversaries of the Lord shall fear him: and upon them shall
he thunder in the heavens: The Lord shall judge the ends of the earth,
and he shall give empire to his king, and shall exalt the horn of his
2:11. And Elcana went to Ramatha, to his house: but the child
ministered in the sight of the Lord before the face of Heli the priest.
2:12. Now the sons of Heli were children of Belial, not knowing the
2:13. Nor the office of the priests to the people: but whosoever had
offered a sacrifice, the servant of the priest came, while the flesh
was in boiling, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand,
2:14. And thrust it into the kettle, or into the cauldron, or into the
pot, or into the pan: and all that the fleshhook brought up, the priest
took to himself. Thus did they to all Israel that came to Silo.
2:15. Also before they burnt the fat, the servant of the priest came,
and said to the man that sacrificed: Give me flesh to boil for the
priest: for I will not take of thee sodden flesh, but raw.
2:16. And he that sacrificed said to him: Let the fat first be burnt to
day, according to the custom, and then take to thee as much as thy soul
desireth. But he answered, and said to him: Not so: but thou shalt
give it me now, or else I will take it by force.
2:17. Wherefore the sin of the young men was exceeding great before the
Lord: because they withdrew men from the sacrifice of the Lord.
2:18. But Samuel ministered before the face of the Lord: being a child
girded with a linen ephod.
2:19. And his mother made him a little coat, which she brought to him
on the appointed days, when she went up with her husband, to offer the
2:20. And Heli blessed Elcana and his wife: and he said to him: The
Lord give thee seed of this woman, for the loan thou hast lent to the
Lord. And they went to their own home.
2:21. And the Lord visited Anna, and she conceived, and bore three
sons, and two daughters: and the child Samuel became great before the
2:22. Now Heli was very old, and he heard all that his sons did to all
Israel: and how they lay with the women that waited at the door of the
2:23. And he said to them: Why do ye these kinds of things, which I
hear, very wicked things, from all the people?
2:24. Do not so, my sons: for it is no good report that I hear, that
you make the people of the Lord to transgress.
2:25. If one man shall sin against another, God may be appeased in his
behalf: but if a man shall sin against the Lord, who shall pray for
him? And they hearkened not to the voice of their father, because the
Lord would slay them.
Who shall pray for him. . .By this word Heli would have his sons
understand, that by their wicked abuse of sacred things, and of the
very sacrifices which were appointed to appease the Lord, they deprived
themselves of the ordinary means of reconciliation with God; which was
by sacrifices. The more, because they were the chief priests whose
business it was to intercede for all others, they had no other to offer
sacrifices and to make atonement for them. Ibid. Because the Lord would
slay them. . .In consequence of their manifold sacrileges, he would not
soften their hearts with his efficacious grace, but was determined to
2:26. But the child Samuel advanced, and grew on, and pleased both the
Lord and men.
2:27. And there came a man of God to Heli, and said to him: Thus saith
the Lord: Did I not plainly appear to thy father's house, when they
were in Egypt in the house of Pharao?
2:28. And I chose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest,
to go up to my altar, and burn incense to me, and to wear the ephod
before me: and I gave to thy father's house of all the sacrifices of
the children of Israel.
2:29. Why have you kicked away my victims, and my gifts which I
commanded to be offered in the temple: and thou hast rather honoured
thy sons than me, to eat the firstfruits of every sacrifice of my
2:30. Wherefore thus saith the Lord the God of Israel: I said indeed
that thy house, and the house of thy father, should minister in my
sight, for ever. But now saith the Lord: Far be this from me: but
whosoever shall glorify me, him will I glorify: but they that despise
me, shall be despised.
2:31. Behold the days come: and I will cut off thy arm, and the arm of
thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thy house.
2:32. And thou shalt see thy rival in the temple, in all the prosperity
of Israel, and there shall not be an old man in thy house for ever.
Thy rival. . .A priest of another race. This was partly fulfilled, when
Abiathar, of the race of Heli, was removed from the priesthood, and
Sadoc, who was of another line, was substituted in his place. But it
was more fully accomplished in the New Testament, when the priesthood
of Aaron gave place to that of Christ.
2:33. However, I will not altogether take away a man of thee from my
altar: but that thy eyes may faint, and thy soul be spent: and a great
part of thy house shall die, when they come to man's estate.
2:34. And this shall be a sign to thee, that shall come upon thy two
sons, Ophni and Phinees: in one day they shall both of them die.
2:35. And I will raise me up a faithful priest, who shall do according
to my heart, and my soul and I will build him a faithful house, and he
shall walk all days before my anointed.
2:36. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall remain in thy
house shall come that he may be prayed for, and shall offer a piece of
silver, and a roll of bread, and shall say: Put me, I beseech thee, to
somewhat of the priestly office, that I may eat a morsel of bread.
1 Kings Chapter 3
Samuel is four times called by the Lord: who revealeth to him the evil
that shall fall on Heli, and his house.
3:1. Now the child Samuel ministered to the Lord before Heli, and the
word of the Lord was precious in those days, there was no manifest
Precious. . .That is, rare.
3:2. And it came to pass one day when Heli lay in his place, and his
eyes were grown dim, that he could not see:
3:3. Before the lamp of God went out, Samuel slept in the temple of the
Lord, where the ark of God was.
3:4. And the Lord called Samuel. And he answered: Here am I.
3:5. And he ran to Heli, and said: Here am I: for thou didst call me.
He said: I did not call: go back and sleep. And he went and slept.
3:6. And the Lord called Samuel again. And Samuel arose and went to
Heli, and said: Here am I: for thou calledst me. He answered: I did
not call thee, my son: return and sleep.
3:7. Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, neither had the word of the
Lord been revealed to him.
3:8. And the Lord called Samuel again the third time. And he arose up
and went to Heli,
3:9. And said: Here am I: for thou didst call me. Then Heli understood
that the Lord called the child, and he said to Samuel: Go, and sleep:
and if he shall call thee any more, thou shalt say: Speak, Lord, for
thy servant heareth. So Samuel went, and slept in his place.
3:10. And the Lord came, and stood, and he called, as he had called the
other times, Samuel, Samuel. And Samuel said: Speak, Lord, for thy
3:11. And the Lord said to Samuel: Behold I do a thing in Israel: and
whosoever shall hear it, both his ears shall tingle.
3:12. In that day I will raise up against Heli all the things I have
spoken concerning his house: I will begin, and I will make an end.
3:13. For I have foretold unto him, that I will judge his house for
ever, for iniquity, because he knew that his sons did wickedly, and did
not chastise them.
3:14. Therefore have I sworn to the house of Heli, that the iniquity of
his house shall not be expiated with victims nor offerings for ever.
3:15. And Samuel slept till morning, and opened the doors of the house
of the Lord. And Samuel feared to tell the vision to Heli.
3:16. Then Heli called Samuel, and said: Samuel, my son. And he
answered: Here am I.
3:17. And he asked him: What is the word that the Lord hath spoken to
thee? I beseech thee hide it not from me. May God do so and so to thee,
and add so and so, if thou hide from me one word of all that were said
3:18. So Samuel told him all the words, and did not hide them from him.
And he answered: It is the Lord: let him do what is good in his sight.
3:19. And Samuel grew, and the Lord was with him, and not one of his
words fell to the ground.
3:20. And all Israel, from Dan to Bersabee, knew that Samuel was a
faithful prophet of the Lord.
3:21. And the Lord again appeared in Silo, for the Lord revealed
himself to Samuel in Silo, according to the word of the Lord. And the
word of Samuel came to pass to all Israel.
1 Kings Chapter 4
The Israelites being overcome by the Philistines, send for the ark of
God: but they are beaten again, the sons of Heli are killed, and the
ark taken: upon the hearing of the news Heli falleth backward and
4:1. And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered
themselves together to fight: and Israel went out to war against the
Philistines, and camped by the Stone of help. And the Philistines came
The Stone of help. . .In Hebrew Eben-ezer; so called from the help which
the Lord was pleased afterwards to give to his people Israel in that
place, by the prayers of Samuel, chap. 7.12.
4:2. And put their army in array against Israel. And when they had
joined battle, Israel turned their backs to the Philistines: and there
were slain in that fight, here and there in the fields, about four
4:3. And the people returned to the camp: and the ancients of Israel
said: Why hath the Lord defeated us to day before the Philistines? Let
us fetch unto us the ark of the covenant of the Lord from Silo, and let
it come in the midst of us, that it may save us from the hand of our
4:4. So the people sent to Silo, and they brought from thence the ark
of the covenant of the Lord of hosts, sitting upon the cherubims: and
the two sons of Heli, Ophni and Phinees, were with the ark of the
covenant of God.
4:5. And when the ark of the covenant of the Lord was come into the
camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, and the earth rang again.
4:6. And the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, and they said:
What is this noise of a great shout in the camp of the Hebrews? And
they understood that the ark of the Lord was come into the camp.
4:7. And the Philistines were afraid, saying: God is come into the
camp. And sighing, they said:
4:8. Woe to us: for there was no such great joy yesterday, and the day
before: Woe to us. Who shall deliver us from the hand of these high
Gods? these are the Gods that struck Egypt with all the plagues in the
4:9. Take courage, and behave like men, ye Philistines: lest you come
to be servants to the Hebrews, as they have served you: take courage
4:10. So the Philistines fought, and Israel was overthrown, and every
man fled to his own dwelling: and there was an exceeding great
slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen.
4:11. And the ark of God was taken: and the two sons of Heli, Ophni and
Phinees, were slain.
4:12. And there ran a man of Benjamin out of the army, and came to Silo
the same day, with his clothes rent, and his head strewed with dust.
4:13. And when he was come, Heli sat upon a stool over against the way,
watching. For his heart was fearful for the ark of God. And when the
man was come into the city, he told it: and all the city cried out.
4:14. And Heli heard the noise of the cry, and he said: What meaneth
the noise of this uproar? But he made haste, and came, and told Heli.
4:15. Now Heli was ninety and eight years old, and his eyes were dim,
and he could not see.
4:16. And he said to Heli: I am he that came from the battle, and have
fled out of the field this day. And he said to him: What is there done,
4:17. And he that brought the news answered, and said: Israel is fled
before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter of the
people: moreover thy two sons, Ophni and Phinees, are dead: and the ark
of God is taken.
4:18. And when he had named the ark of God, he fell from his stool
backwards by the door, and broke his neck and died. For he was an old
man, and far advanced in years: And he judged Israel forty years.
Named the ark, etc. . .There is great reason, by all these
circumstances, to hope that Heli died in a state of grace; and by his
temporal punishments escaped the eternal.
4:19. And his daughter in law, the wife of Phinees, was big with child,
and near her time: and hearing the news that the ark of God was taken,
and her father in law, and her husband, were dead, she bowed herself
and fell in labour: for her pains came upon her on a sudden.
4:20. And when she was upon the point of death, they that stood about
her said to her: Fear not, for thou hast borne a son. She answered them
not, nor gave heed to them.
4:21. And she called the child Ichabod, saying: The glory is gone from
Israel, because the ark of God was taken, and for her father in law,
and for her husband:
Ichabod. . .That is, Where is the glory? or, there is no glory. We see
how much the Israelites lamented the loss of the ark, which was but the
symbol of God's presence among them. How much more ought Christians to
lament the loss of God himself, when by sin they have driven him out of
4:22. And she said: The glory is departed from Israel, because the ark
of God was taken.
1 Kings Chapter 5
Dagon twice falleth down before the ark. The Philistines are grievously
afflicted, wherever the ark cometh.
5:1. And the Philistines took the ark of God, and carried it from the
Stone of help into Azotus.
5:2. And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it into the
temple of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.
5:3. And when the Azotians arose early the next day, behold Dagon lay
upon his face on the ground before the ark of the Lord: and they took
Dagon, and set him again in his place.
5:4. And the next day again, when they rose in the morning, they found
Dagon lying upon his face on the earth before the ark of the Lord: and
the head of Dagon, and both the palms of his hands, were cut off upon
5:5. And only the stump of Dagon remained in its place. For this cause
neither the priests of Dagon, nor any that go into the temple, tread on
the threshold of Dagon in Azotus unto this day.
5:6. And the hand of the Lord was heavy upon the Azotians, and he
destroyed them, and afflicted Azotus and the coasts thereof with
emerods. And in the villages and fields in the midst of that country,
there came forth a multitude of mice, and there was the confusion of a
great mortality in the city.
5:7. And the men of Azotus seeing this kind of plague, said: The ark of
the God of Israel shall not stay with us: for his hand is heavy upon
us, and upon Dagon, our god.
5:8. And sending, they gathered together all the lords of the
Philistines to them, and said: What shall we do with the ark of the God
of Israel? And the Gethites answered: Let the ark of the God of Israel
be carried about. And they carried the ark of the God of Israel about.
5:9. And while they were carrying it about, the hand of the Lord came
upon every city with an exceeding great slaughter: and he smote the men
of every city, both small and great, and they had emerods in their
secret parts. And the Gethites consulted together, and made themselves
seats of skins.
5:10. Therefore they sent the ark of God into Accaron. And when the ark
of God was come into Accaron, the Accaronites cried out, saying: They
have brought the ark of the God of Israel to us, to kill us and our
5:11. They sent therefore, and gathered together all the lords of the
Philistines: and they said: Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and
let it return into its own place, and not kill us and our people.
5:12. For there was the fear of death in every city, and the hand of
God was exceeding heavy. The men also that did not die, were afflicted
with the emerods: and the cry of every city went up to heaven.
1 Kings Chapter 6
The ark is sent back to Bethsames: where many are slain for looking
through curiosity into it.
6:1. Now the ark of God was in the land of the Philistines seven
6:2. And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners,
saying: What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? tell us how we are
to send it back to its place. And they said:
6:3. If you send back the ark of the God of Israel, send it not away
empty, but render unto him what you owe for sin, and then you shall be
healed: and you shall know why his hand departeth not from you.
6:4. They answered: What is it we ought to render unto him for sin? and
6:5. According to the number of the provinces of the Philistines you
shall make five golden emerods, and five golden mice: for the same
plague hath been upon you all, and upon your lords. And you shall make
the likeness of your emerods, and the likeness of the mice, that have
destroyed the land, and you shall give glory to the God of Israel: to
see if he will take off his hand from you, and from your gods, and from
6:6. Why do you harden your hearts, as Egypt and Pharao hardened their
hearts? did not he, after he was struck, then let them go, and they
6:7. Now, therefore, take and make a new cart: and two kine that have
calved, on which there hath come no yoke, tie to the cart, and shut up
their calves at home.
6:8. And you shall take the ark of the Lord, and lay it on the cart,
and the vessels of gold, which you have paid him for sin, you shall put
into a little box at the side thereof: and send it away, that it may
6:9. And you shall look: and if it go up by the way of his own coasts,
towards Bethsames, then he hath done us this great evil: but if not, we
shall know that it is not his hand hath touched us, but it hath
happened by chance.
6:10. They did therefore in this manner: and taking two kine, that had
sucking calves, they yoked them to the cart, and shut up their calves
6:11. And they laid the ark of God upon the cart, and the little box
that had in it the golden mice, and the likeness of the emerods.
6:12. And the kine took the straight way, that leadeth to Bethsames,
and they went along the way, lowing as they went: and turned not aside
neither to the right hand nor to the left: and the lords of the
Philistines followed them as far as the borders of Bethsames.
6:13. Now the Bethsamites were reaping wheat in the valley: and lifting
up their eyes, they saw the ark, and rejoiced to see it.
6:14. And the cart came into the field of Josue, a Bethsamite, and
stood there. And there was a great stone, and they cut in pieces the
wood of the cart, and laid the kine upon it a holocaust to the Lord.
6:15. And the Levites took down the ark of God, and the little box that
was at the side of it, wherein were the vessels of gold, and they put
them upon the great stone. The men also of Bethsames offered
holocausts, and sacrificed victims that day to the Lord.
6:16. And the five princes of the Philistines saw, and they returned to
Accaron the same day.
6:17. And these are the golden emerods, which the Philistines returned
for sin to the Lord: For Azotus one, for Gaza one, for Ascalon one, for
Geth one, for Accaron one:
6:18. And the golden mice, according to the number of the cities of the
Philistines, of the five provinces, from the fenced city to the village
that was without wall, and to the great Abel (the stone) whereon they
set down the ark of the Lord, which was till that day in the field of
Josue the Bethsamite.
6:19. But he slew of the men of Bethsames, because they had seen the
ark of the Lord, and he slew of the people seventy men, and fifty
thousand of the common people. And the people lamented, because the
Lord had smitten the people with a great slaughter.
Seen. . .And curiously looked into. It is likely this plague reached to
all the neighbouring country, as well as the city of Bethsames.
6:20. And the men of Bethsames said: Who shall be able to stand before
the Lord this holy God? and to whom shall he go up from us?
6:21. And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Cariathiarim,
saying: The Philistines have brought back the ark of the Lord, come ye
down and fetch it up to you.
1 Kings Chapter 7
The ark is brought to Cariathiarim. By Samuel's exhortation the people
cast away their idols and serve God alone. The Lord defeateth the
Philistines, while Samuel offereth sacrifice.
7:1. And the men of Cariathiarim came, and fetched up the ark of the
Lord, and carried it into the house of Abinadab, in Gabaa: and they
sanctified Eleazar, his son, to keep the ark of the Lord.
In Gabaa. . .That is, on the hill, for Gabaa signifieth a hill.
7:2. And it came to pass, that from the day the ark of the Lord abode
in Cariathiarim, days were multiplied (for it was now the twentieth
year) and all the house of Israel rested, following the Lord.
7:3. And Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying: If you turn
to the Lord with all your heart, put away the strange gods from among
you, Baalim and Astaroth: and prepare your hearts unto the Lord, and
serve him only, and he will deliver you out of the hand of the
7:4. Then the children of Israel put away Baalim and Astaroth, and
served the Lord only.
7:5. And Samuel said: Gather all Israel to Masphath, that I may pray to
the Lord for you.
7:6. And they gathered together to Masphath, and they drew water, and
poured it out before the Lord, and they fasted on that day, and they
said there: We have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged the
children of Israel in Masphath.
7:7. And the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were
gathered together to Masphath, and the lords of the Philistines went up
against Israel. And when the children of Israel heard this, they were
afraid of the Philistines.
7:8. And they said to Samuel: Cease not to cry to the Lord our God for
us, that he may save us out of the hand of the Philistines.
7:9. And Samuel took a sucking lamb, and offered it whole for a
holocaust to the Lord: and Samuel cried to the Lord for Israel, and the
Lord heard him.
7:10. And it came to pass, when Samuel was offering the holocaust, the
Philistines began the battle against Israel: but the Lord thundered
with a great thunder on that day upon the Philistines, and terrified
them, and they were overthrown before the face of Israel.
7:11. And the men of Israel going out of Masphath, pursued after the
Philistines, and made slaughter of them till they came under Bethchar.
7:12. And Samuel took a stone, and laid it between Masphath and Sen:
and he called the place The stone of help. And he said: Thus far the
Lord hath helped us.
7:13. And the Philistines were humbled, and they did not come any more
into the borders of Israel. And the hand of the Lord was against the
Philistines, all the days of Samuel.
7:14. And the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel, were
restored to Israel, from Accaron to Geth, and their borders: and he
delivered Israel from the hand of the Philistines, and there was peace
between Israel and the Amorrhites.
7:15. And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life:
7:16. And he went every year about to Bethel and to Galgal and to
Masphath, and he judged Israel in the foresaid places.
7:17. And he returned to Ramatha: for there was his house, and there he
judged Israel: he built also there an altar to the Lord.
1 Kings Chapter 8
Samuel growing old, and his sons not walking in his ways, the people
desire a king.
8:1. And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he appointed his
sons to be judges over Israel.
8:2. Now the name of his firstborn son was Joel: and the name of the
second was Abia, judges in Bersabee.
8:3. And his sons walked not in his ways: but they turned aside after
lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
8:4. Then all the ancients of Israel being assembled came to Samuel to
8:5. And they said to him: Behold thou art old, and thy sons walk not
in thy ways: make us a king, to judge us, as all nations have.
8:6. And the word was displeasing in the eyes of Samuel, that they
should say: Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed to the Lord.
8:7. And the Lord said to Samuel: Hearken to the voice of the people in
all that they say to thee. For they have not rejected thee, but me,
that I should not reign over them.
Rejected, etc. . .The government of Israel hitherto had been a
theocracy, in which God himself immediately ruled, by laws which he had
enacted, and by judges extraordinarily raised up by himself; and
therefore he complains that his people rejected him, in desiring a
change of government.
8:8. According to all their works, they have done from the day that I
brought them out of Egypt until this day: as they have forsaken me, and
served strange gods, so do they also unto thee.
8:9. Now, therefore, hearken to their voice: but yet testify to them,
and foretell them the right of the king, that shall reign over them.
The right. . .That is, the manner (misphat) after which he shall
proceed, having no one to control him, when he has the power in his
8:10. Then Samuel told all the words of the Lord to the people that had
desired a king of him,
8:11. And said: This will be the right of the king that shall reign
over you: He will take your sons, and put them in his chariots, and
will make them his horsemen, and his running footmen, to run before his
8:12. And he will appoint of them to be his tribunes, and his
centurions, and to plough his fields, and to reap his corn, and to make
him arms and chariots.
8:13. Your daughters also he will take to make him ointments, and to be
his cooks, and bakers.
8:14. And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your best
oliveyards, and give them to his servants.
8:15. Moreover he will take the tenth of your corn, and of the revenues
of your vineyards, to give to his eunuchs and servants.
8:16. Your servants also, and handmaids, and your goodliest young men,
and your asses, he will take away, and put them to his work.
8:17. Your flocks also he will tithe, and you shall be his servants.
8:18. And you shall cry out in that day from the face of the king, whom
you have chosen to yourselves: and the Lord will not hear you in that
day, because you desired unto yourselves a king.
8:19. But the people would not hear the voice of Samuel, and they said,
Nay: but there shall be a king over us,
8:20. And we also will be like all nations: and our king shall judge
us, and go out before us, and fight our battles for us.
8:21. And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and rehearsed them
in the ears of the Lord.
8:22. And the Lord said to Samuel: Hearken to their voice, and make
them a king. And Samuel said to the men of Israel: Let every man go to
1 Kings Chapter 9
Saul seeking his father's asses, cometh to Samuel, by whom he is
9:1. Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Cis, the son of
Abiel, the son of Seror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphia, the
son of a man of Jemini, valiant and strong.
9:2. And he had a son whose name was Saul, a choice and goodly man, and
there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he:
from his shoulders and upward he appeared above all the people.
9:3. And the asses of Cis, Saul's father, were lost: and Cis said to
his son Saul: Take one of the servants with thee, and arise, go, and
seek the asses. And when they had passed through Mount Ephraim,
9:4. And through the land of Salisa, and had not found them, they
passed also through the land of Salim, and they were not there: and
through the land of Jemini, and found them not.
9:5. And when they were come to the land of Suph, Saul said to the
servant that was with him: Come, let us return, lest perhaps my father
forget the asses, and be concerned for us.
9:6. And he said to him: Behold there is a man of God in this city, a
famous man: all that he saith, cometh certainly to pass. Now,
therefore, let us go thither, perhaps he may tell us of our way, for
which we are come.
9:7. And Saul said to his servant: Behold we will go: but what shall we
carry to the man of God? the bread is spent in our bags: and we have no
present to make to the man of God, nor any thing at all.
9:8. The servant answered Saul again, and said: Behold there is found
in my hand the fourth part of a sicle of silver, let us give it to the
man of God, that he may tell us our way.
9:9. Now in time past in Israel, when a man went to consult God, he
spoke thus: Come, let us go to the seer. For he that is now called a
prophet, in time past was called a seer.
Seer. . .Because of his seeing by divine light hidden things and things
9:10. And Saul said to his servant: Thy word is very good, come let us
go. And they went into the city, where the man of God was.
9:11. And when they went up the ascent to the city, they found maids
coming out to draw water, and they said to them: Is the seer here?
9:12. They answered and said to them: He is: behold he is before you,
make haste now: for he came to day into the city, for there is a
sacrifice of the people to day in the high place.
A sacrifice. . .The law did not allow of sacrifices in any other place,
but at the tabernacle, or temple, in which the ark of the covenant was
kept; but Samuel, by divine dispensation, offered sacrifices in other
places. For which dispensation this reason may be alleged, that the
house of God in Silo, having lost the ark, was now cast off; as a
figure of the reprobation of the Jews, Ps. 77.60, 67. And in
Cariathiarim where the ark was, there was neither tabernacle, nor
altar.--Ibid. The high place. . .Excelsum. The excelsa, or high places,
so often mentioned in scripture, were places of worship, in which were
altars for sacrifice. These were sometimes employed in the service of
the true God, as in the present case: but more frequently in the
service of idols; and were called excelsa, which is commonly (though
perhaps not so accurately) rendered high places; not because they were
always upon hills, for the very worst of all, which was that of
Topheth, or Geennom, (Jer. 19.) was in a valley; but because of the
high altars, and pillars, or monuments, erected there, on which were
set up the idols, or images of their deities.
9:13. As soon as you come into the city, you shall immediately find
him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not
eat till he come; because he blesseth the victim, and afterwards they
eat that are invited. Now, therefore, go up, for to day you shall find
9:14. And they went up into the city. And when they were walking in the
midst of the city, behold Samuel was coming out over against them, to
go up to the high place.
9:15. Now the Lord had revealed to the ear of Samuel the day before
Saul came, saying:
9:16. To morrow about this same hour I will send thee a man of the land
of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be ruler over my people
Israel: and he shall save my people out of the hand of the Philistines:
for I have looked down upon my people, because their cry is come to me.
9:17. And when Samuel saw Saul, the Lord said to him: Behold the man,
of whom I spoke to thee, this man shall reign over my people.
9:18. And Saul came to Samuel in the midst of the gate, and said: Tell
me, I pray thee, where is the house of the seer?
9:19. And Samuel answered Saul, saying: I am the seer; go up before me
to the high place, that you may eat with me to day, and I will let thee
go in the morning: and tell thee all that is in thy heart.
9:20. And as for the asses, which were lost three days ago, be not
solicitous, because they are found. And for whom shall be all the best
things of Israel? Shall they not be for thee and for all thy father's
9:21. And Saul answering, said: Am not I a son of Jemini of the least
tribe of Israel, and my kindred the last among all the families of the
tribe of Benjamin? Why then hast thou spoken this word to me?
9:22. Then Samuel taking Saul, and his servant, brought them into the
parlour, and gave them a place at the head of them that were invited.
For there were about thirty men.
9:23. And Samuel said to the cook: Bring the portion which I gave thee,
and commanded thee to set it apart by thee.
9:24. And the cook took up the shoulder, and set it before Saul. And
Samuel said: Behold what is left, set it before thee, and eat; because
it was kept of purpose for thee, when I invited the people. And Saul
ate with Samuel that day.
9:25. And they went down from the high place into the town, and he
spoke with Saul upon the top of the house: and he prepared a bed for
Saul on the top of the house and he slept.
9:26. And when they were risen in the morning, and it began now to be
light, Samuel called Saul on the top of the house, saying: Arise, that
I may let thee go. And Saul arose: and they went out both of them: to
wit, he and Samuel.
9:27. And as they were going down in the end of the city, Samuel said
to Saul: Speak to the servant to go before us, and pass on: but stand
thou still a while, that I may tell thee the word of the Lord.
1 Kings Chapter 10
Saul is anointed. He prophesieth, and is changed into another man.
Samuel calleth the people together, to make a king: the lot falleth on
10:1. And Samuel took a little vial of oil, and poured it upon his
head, and kissed him, and said: Behold, the Lord hath anointed thee to
be prince over his inheritance, and thou shalt deliver his people out
of the hands of their enemies, that are round about them. And this
shall be a sign unto thee, that God hath anointed thee to be prince.
10:2. When thou shalt depart from me this day, thou shalt find two men
by the sepulchre of Rachel in the borders of Benjamin to the south, and
they shall say to thee: The asses are found which thou wentest to seek:
and thy father, thinking no more of the asses, is concerned for you,
and saith: What shall I do for my son?
10:3. And when thou shalt depart from thence, and go farther on, and
shalt come to the oak of Thabor, there shall meet thee three men going
up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another three loaves
of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine.
Bethel. . .Where there was at that time an altar of God; it being one of
the places where Samuel judged Israel.
10:4. And they will salute thee, and will give thee two loaves, and
thou shalt take them at their hand.
10:5. After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where the garrison
of the Philistines is: and when thou shalt be come there into the city,
thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place,
with a psaltery, and a timbrel, and a pipe, and a harp before them, and
they shall be prophesying.
The hill of God. . .Gabaa, in which there was also at that time, a high
place or altar.--Prophets. . .These were men whose office it was to sing
hymns and praises to God; for such in holy writ are called prophets,
and their singing praises to God is called prophesying. See 1 Par.
alias 1 Chr. 15.22, and 25.1. Now there were in those days colleges, or
schools for training up these prophets; and it seems there was one of
these schools at this hill of God; and another at Najoth in Ramatha.
See 1 Kings 19.20, 21, etc.
10:6. And the Spirit of the Lord shall come upon thee, and thou shalt
prophesy with them, and shalt be changed into another man.
10:7. When therefore these signs shall happen to thee, do whatsoever
thy hand shall find, for the Lord is with thee.
10:8. And thou shalt go down before me to Galgal, (for I will come down
to thee), that thou mayst offer an oblation, and sacrifice victims of
peace: seven days shalt thou wait, till I come to thee, and I will shew
thee what thou art to do.
Galgal. . .Here also by dispensation was an altar of God.
10:9. So when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave unto
him another heart, and all these things came to pass that day.
10:10. And they came to the foresaid hill, and behold a company of
prophets met him: and the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, and he
prophesied in the midst of them.
10:11. And all that had known him yesterday and the day before, seeing
that he was with the prophets, and prophesied, said to each other: What
is this that hath happened to the son of Cis? is Saul also among the
10:12. And one answered another, saying: And who is their father?
therefore it became a proverb: Is Saul also among the prophets?
Their father. . .That is, their teacher, or superior. As much as to say,
Who could bring about such a wonderful change as to make Saul a
10:13. And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the high
10:14. And Saul's uncle said to him, and to his servant: Whither went
you? They answered: To seek the asses: and not finding them, we went
10:15. And his uncle said to him: Tell me what Samuel said to thee.
10:16. And Saul said to his uncle: He told us that the asses were
found. But of the matter of the kingdom of which Samuel had spoken to
him, he told him not.
10:17. And Samuel called together the people to the Lord in Maspha:
10:18. And he said to the children of Israel: Thus saith the Lord the
God of Israel: I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you from
the hand of the Egyptians, and from the hand of all the kings who
10:19. But you this day have rejected your God, who only hath saved you
out of all your evils and your tribulations: and you have said: Nay:
but set a king over us. Now therefore stand before the Lord by your
tribes, and by your families.
10:20. And Samuel brought to him all the tribes of Israel, and the lot
fell on the tribe of Benjamin.
10:21. And he brought the tribe of Benjamin and the kindreds thereof,
and the lot fell upon the kindred of Metri, and it came to Saul, the
son of Cis. They sought him therefore, and he was not found.
10:22. And after this they consulted the Lord whether he would come
thither. And the Lord answered: Behold he is hidden at home.
10:23. And they ran and fetched him thence: and he stood in the midst
of the people, and he was higher than any of the people from the
shoulders and upward.
10:24. And Samuel said to all the people: Surely you see him whom the
Lord hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people. And
all the people cried and said: God save the king.
10:25. And Samuel told the people the law of the kingdom, and wrote it
in a book, and laid it up before the Lord: and Samuel sent away all the
people, every one to his own house.
10:26. Saul also departed to his own house in Gabaa: and there went
with him a part of the army, whose hearts God had touched.
10:27. But the children of Belial said: Shall this fellow be able to
save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents; but he
dissembled as though he heard not.
1 Kings Chapter 11
Saul defeateth the Ammonites, and delivereth Jabes Galaad.
11:1. And it came to pass about a month after this, that Naas, the
Ammonite, came up, and began to fight against Jabes Galaad. And all the
men of Jabes said to Naas: Make a covenant with us, and we will serve
11:2. And Naas, the Ammonite, answered them: On this condition will I
make a covenant with you, that I may pluck out all your right eyes, and
make you a reproach in all Israel.
11:3. And the ancients of Jabes said to him: Allow us seven days, that
we may send messengers to all the coasts of Israel: and if there be no
one to defend us, we will come out to thee.
11:4. The messengers therefore came to Gabaa of Saul: and they spoke
these words in the hearing of the people: and all the people lifted up
their voices, and wept.
11:5. And behold Saul came, following oxen out of the field, and he
said: What aileth the people that they weep? And they told him the
words of the men of Jabes.
11:6. And the Spirit of the Lord came upon Saul, when he had heard
these words, and his anger was exceedingly kindled.
11:7. And taking both the oxen, he cut them in pieces, and sent them
into all the coasts of Israel, by messengers, saying: Whosoever shall
not come forth, and follow Saul and Samuel, so shall it be done to his
oxen. And the fear of the Lord fell upon the people, and they went out
as one man.
11:8. And he numbered them in Bezec: and there were of the children of
Israel three hundred thousand: and of the men of Juda thirty thousand.
11:9. And they said to the messengers that came: Thus shall you say to
the men of Jabes Galaad: To morrow, when the sun shall be hot, you
shall have relief. The messengers therefore came, and told the men of
Jabes, and they were glad.
11:10. And they said: In the morning we will come out to you: and you
shall do what you please with us.
11:11. And it came to pass, when the morrow was come, that Saul put the
people in three companies: and he came into the midst of the camp in
the morning watch, and he slew the Ammonites until the day grew hot,
and the rest were scattered, so that two of them were not left
11:12. And the people said to Samuel: Who is he that said: Shall Saul
reign over us? Bring the men, and we will kill them.
11:13. And Saul said: No man shall be killed this day: because the Lord
this day hath wrought salvation in Israel:
11:14. And Samuel said to the people: Come, and let us go to Galgal,
and let us renew the kingdom there.
11:15. And all the people went to Galgal, and there they made Saul
king, before the Lord in Galgal, and they sacrificed there victims of
peace before the Lord. And there Saul and all the men of Israel
1 Kings Chapter 12
Samuel's integrity is acknowledged. God sheweth by a sign from heaven
that they had done ill in asking for a king.
12:1. And Samuel said to all Israel: Behold I have hearkened to your
voice in all that you said to me, and have made a king over you.
12:2. And now the king goeth before you: but I am old and greyheaded:
and my sons are with you: having then conversed with you from my youth
until this day, behold here I am.
12:3. Speak of me before the Lord, and before his anointed, whether I
have taken any man's ox, or ass: if I have wronged any man, if I have
oppressed any man, if I have taken a bribe at any man's hand: and I
will despise it this day, and will restore it to you.
12:4. And they said: Thou hast not wronged us, nor oppressed us, nor
taken ought at any man's hand.
12:5. And he said to them: The Lord is witness against you, and his
anointed is witness this day, that you have not found any thing in my
hand. And they said: He is witness.
12:6. And Samuel said to the people: It is the Lord who made Moses and
Aaron, and brought our fathers out of the land of Egypt.
12:7. Now, therefore, stand up, that I may plead in judgment against
you before the Lord, concerning all the kindness of the Lord, which he
hath shewn to you, and to your fathers:
12:8. How Jacob went into Egypt, and your fathers cried to the Lord:
and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, and brought your fathers out of
Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.
12:9. And they forgot the Lord their God, and he delivered them into
the hands of Sisara, captain of the army of Hasor, and into the hands
of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they
fought against them.
12:10. But afterwards they cried to the Lord, and said: We have sinned,
because we have forsaken the Lord, and have served Baalim and Astaroth:
but now deliver us from the hand of our enemies, and we will serve
12:11. And the Lord sent Jerobaal, and Badan, and Jephte, and Samuel,
and delivered you from the hand of your enemies round about, and you
Jerobaal and Badan. . .That is, Gedeon and Samson called here Badan or
Bedan, because he was of Dan.
12:12. But seeing that Naas, king of the children of Ammon, was come
against you, you said to me: Nay, but a king shall reign over us:
whereas the Lord your God was your king.
12:13. Now, therefore, your king is here, whom you have chosen and
desired: Behold the Lord hath given you a king.
12:14. If you will fear the Lord, and serve him, and hearken to his
voice, and not provoke the mouth of the Lord: then shall both you, and
the king who reigneth over you, be followers of the Lord your God.
12:15. But if you will not hearken to the voice of the Lord, but will
rebel against his words, the hand of the Lord shall be upon you, and
upon your fathers.
12:16. Now then stand, and see this great thing which the Lord will do
in your sight.
12:17. Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call upon the Lord, and
he shall send thunder and rain: and you shall know, and see that you
yourselves have done a great evil in the sight of the Lord, in desiring
a king over you.
Wheat harvest. . .At which time of the year, it never thunders or rains
in those countries.
12:18. And Samuel cried unto the Lord, and the Lord sent thunder and
rain that day.
12:19. And all the people greatly feared the Lord and Samuel. And all
the people said to Samuel: Pray for thy servants to the Lord thy God,
that we may not die, for we have added to all our sins this evil, to
ask for a king.
12:20. And Samuel said to the people: Fear not, you have done all this
evil: but yet depart not from following the Lord, but serve the Lord
with all your heart.
12:21. And turn not aside after vain things, which shall never profit
you, nor deliver you, because they are vain.
12:22. And the Lord will not forsake his people for his great name's
sake: because the Lord hath sworn to make you his people.
12:23. And far from me be this sin against the Lord, that I should
cease to pray for you: and I will teach you the good and right way.
12:24. Therefore fear the Lord, and serve him in truth, and with your
whole heart, for you have seen the great works which he hath done among
12:25. But if you will still do wickedly: both you and your king shall
1 Kings Chapter 13
The war between Saul and the Philistines. The distress of the
Israelites. Saul offereth sacrifice before the coming of Samuel: for
which he is reproved.
13:1. Saul was a child of one year when he began to reign, and he
reigned two years over Israel.
Of one year. . .That is, he was good and like an innocent child, and for
two years continued in that innocency.
13:2. And Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel: and two thousand
were with Saul in Machmas, and in mount Bethel: and a thousand with
Jonathan in Gabaa of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent back
every man to their dwellings.
13:3. And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines which was in
Gabaa. And when the Philistines had heard of it, Saul sounded the
trumpet over all the land, saying: Let the Hebrews hear.
13:4. And all Israel heard this report: Saul hath smitten the garrison
of the Philistines: and Israel took courage against the Philistines.
And the people were called together after Saul to Galgal.
13:5. The Philistines also were assembled to fight against Israel,
thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and a multitude of
people besides, like the sand on the seashore for number. And going up
they camped in Machmas, at the east of Bethaven.
13:6. And when the men of Israel saw that they were straitened (for the
people were distressed), they hid themselves in caves, and in thickets,
and in rocks, and in dens, and in pits.
13:7. And some of the Hebrews passed over the Jordan into the land of
Gad and Galaad. And when Saul was yet in Galgal, all the people that
followed him were greatly afraid.
13:8. And he waited seven days, according to the appointment of Samuel,
and Samuel came not to Galgal, and the people slipt away from him.
13:9. Then Saul said: Bring me the holocaust, and the peace offerings.
And he offered the holocaust.
13:10. And when he had made an end of offering the holocaust, behold
Samuel came: and Saul went forth to meet him and salute him.
13:11. And Samuel said to him: What hast thou done? Saul answered:
Because I saw that the people slipt from me, and thou wast not come
according to the days appointed, and the Philistines were gathered
together in Machmas,
13:12. I said: Now will the Philistines come down upon me to Galgal,
and I have not appeased the face of the Lord. Forced by necessity, I
offered the holocaust.
13:13. And Samuel said to Saul: Thou hast done foolishly, and hast not
kept the commandments of the Lord thy God, which he commanded thee. And
if thou hadst not done thus, the Lord would now have established thy
kingdom over Israel for ever:
13:14. But thy kingdom shall not continue. The Lord hath sought him a
man according to his own heart: and him hath the Lord commanded to be
prince over his people, because thou hast not observed that which the
13:15. And Samuel arose and went up from Galgal to Gabaa of Benjamin.
And the rest of the people went up after Saul, to meet the people who
fought against them, going from Galgal to Gabaa, in the hill of
Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people, that were found with him, about
six hundred men.
13:16. And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present
with them, were in Gabaa of Benjamin: But the Philistines encamped in
13:17. And there went out of the camp of the Philistines three
companies to plunder. One company went towards the way of Ephra to the
land of Sual;
13:18. And another went by the way of Bethoron, and the third turned to
the way of the border, above the valley of Seboim towards the desert.
13:19. Now there was no smith to be found in all the land of Israel,
for the Philistines had taken this precaution, lest the Hebrews should
make them swords or spears.
13:20. So all Israel went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man
his ploughshare, and his spade, and his axe, and his rake.
13:21. So that their shares, and their spades, and their forks, and
their axes, were blunt, even to the goad, which was to be mended.
13:22. And when the day of battle was come, there was neither sword nor
spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and
Jonathan, except Saul and Jonathan his son.
13:23. And the army of the Philistines went out in order to advance
further in Machmas.
1 Kings Chapter 14
Jonathan attacketh the Philistines. A miraculous victory. Saul's
unadvised oath, by which Jonathan is put in danger of his life, but is
delivered by the people.
14:1. Now it came to pass one day that Jonathan, the son of Saul, said
to the young man that bore his armour: Come, and let us go over to the
garrison of the Philistines, which is on the other side of yonder
place. But he told not this to his father.
14:2. And Saul abode in the uttermost part of Gabaa, under the
pomegranate tree, which was in Magron: and the people with him were
about six hundred men.
14:3. And Achias, the son of Achitob, brother of Ichabod the son of
Phinees, the son of Heli, the priest of the Lord in Silo, wore the
ephod. And the people knew not whither Jonathan was gone.
14:4. Now there were between the ascents, by which Jonathan sought to
go over to the garrison of the Philistines, rocks standing up on both
sides, and steep cliffs like teeth on the one side, and on the other,
the name of the one was Boses, and the name of the other was Sene:
14:5. One rock stood out toward the north, over against Machmas, and
the other to the south, over against Gabaa.
14:6. And Jonathan said to the young man that bore his armour: Come,
let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised, it may be the
Lord will do for us: because it is easy for the Lord to save either by
many, or by few.
14:7. And his armourbearer said to him: Do all that pleaseth thy mind:
go whither thou wilt, and I will be with thee wheresoever thou hast a
14:8. And Jonathan said: Behold we will go over to these men. And when
we shall be seen by them,
14:9. If they shall speak thus to us: Stay till we come to you: let us
stand still in our place, and not go up to them.
14:10. But if they shall say: Come up to us: let us go up, because the
Lord hath delivered them into our hands, this shall be a sign unto us.
This shall be a sign. . .It is likely Jonathan was instructed by divine
inspiration to make a choice of this sign: otherwise the observation of
omens is superstitious and sinful.
14:11. So both of them discovered themselves to the garrison of the
Philistines: and the Philistines said: Behold the Hebrews come forth
out of the holes wherein they were hid.
14:12. And the men of the garrison spoke to Jonathan, and to his
armourbearer, and said: Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing.
And Jonathan said to his armourbearer: Let us go up, follow me: for the
Lord hath delivered them into the hands of Israel.
14:13. And Jonathan went up creeping on his hands and feet, and his
armourbearer after him. And some fell before Jonathan, others his
armourbearer slew as he followed him.
14:14. And the first slaughter which Jonathan and his armourbearer
made, was of about twenty men, within half an acre of land, which a
yoke of oxen is wont to plough in a day.
14:15. And there was a miracle in the camp, in the fields: and all the
people of their garrison, who had gone out to plunder, were amazed, and
the earth trembled: and it happened as a miracle from God.
14:16. And the watchmen of Saul, who were in Gabaa of Benjamin looked,
and behold a multitude overthrown, and fleeing this way and that.
14:17. And Saul said to the people that were with him: Look, and see
who is gone from us. And when they had sought, it was found that
Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there.
14:18. And Saul said to Achias: Bring the ark of the Lord. (For the ark
of God was there that day with the children of Israel.)
14:19. And while Saul spoke to the priest, there arose a great uproar
in the camp of the Philistines: and it increased by degrees, and was
heard more clearly. And Saul said to the priest: Draw in thy hand.
14:20. Then Saul, and all the people that were with him, shouted
together, and they came to the place of the fight: and behold every
man's sword was turned upon his neighbour, and there was a very great
14:21. Moreover, the Hebrews that had been with the Philistines
yesterday and the day before, and went up with them into the camp,
returned to be with the Israelites, who were with Saul and Jonathan.
14:22. And all the Israelites that had hid themselves in mount Ephraim,
hearing that the Philistines fled, joined themselves with their
countrymen in the fight. And there were with Saul about ten thousand
14:23. And the Lord saved Israel that day. And the fight went on as far
14:24. And the men of Israel were joined together that day: and Saul
adjured the people, saying: Cursed be the man that shall eat food till
evening, till I be revenged of my enemies. So none of the people tasted
14:25. And all the common people came into a forest, in which there was
honey upon the ground.
14:26. And when the people came into the forest, behold the honey
dropped, but no man put his hand to his mouth. For the people feared
14:27. But Jonathan had not heard when his father adjured the people:
and he put forth the end of the rod, which he had in his hand, and dipt
it in a honeycomb: and he carried his hand to his mouth, and his eyes