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The Holy Bible

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Willing, etc. . .That is, by a self willed, self invented, superstitious
worship, falsely pretending humility, but really proceeding from pride.
Such was the worship, that many of the philosophers (against whom St.
Paul speaks, ver. 8) paid to angels or demons, by sacrificing to them,
as carriers of intelligence betwixt God and men; pretending humility in
so doing, as if God was too great to be addressed by men; and setting
aside the mediatorship of Jesus Christ, who is the head both of angels
and men. Such also was the worship paid by the ancient heretics,
disciples of Simon and Menander, to the angels, whom they believed to
be makers and lords of this lower world. This is certain, that they
whom the apostle here condemns, did not hold the head, (ver. 19,) that
is, Jesus Christ, and his mediatorship; and therefore what he writes
here no way touches the Catholic doctrine and practice, of desiring our
good angels to pray to God for us, through Jesus Christ. St. Jerome
[Epist. ad Algas.] understands by the religion or service of angels,
the Jewish teachers, who sought to subject the new Christians to the
observance of the Mosaic law.

2:19. And not holding the head, from which the whole body, by joints
and bands, being supplied with nourishment and compacted, groweth into
the increase of God.

2:20. If then you be dead with Christ from the elements of this world,
why do you yet decree as though living in the world?

2:21. Touch not: taste not: handle not.

Touch not, etc. . .The meaning is, that Christians should not subject
themselves, either to the ordinances of the old law, forbidding
touching or tasting things unclean; or to the superstitious invention
of heretics, imposing such restraints, under pretence of wisdom,
humility, or mortification.

2:22. Which all are unto destruction by the very use, according to the
precepts and doctrines of men.

2:23. Which things have indeed a shew of wisdom in superstition and
humility, and not sparing the body; not in any honour to the filling of
the flesh.

Colossians Chapter 3

He exhorts them to put off the old man, and to put on the new. The
duties of wives and husbands, children and servants.

3:1. Therefore if you be risen with Christ, seek the things that are
above, where Christ is sitting at the right hand of God.

3:2. Mind the things that are above, not the things that are upon the

3:3. For you are dead: and your life is hid with Christ in God.

3:4. When Christ shall appear, who is your life, then you also shall
appear with him in glory.

3:5. Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth:
fornication, uncleanness, lust, evil concupiscence and covetousness,
which is the service of idols.

3:6. For which things the wrath of God cometh upon the children of

3:7. In which you also walked some time, when you lived in them.

3:8. But now put you also all away: anger, indignation, malice,
blasphemy, filthy speech out of your mouth.

3:9. Lie not one to another: stripping yourselves of the old man with
his deeds,

3:10. And putting on the new, him who is renewed unto knowledge,
according to the image of him that created him.

3:11. Where there is neither Gentile nor Jew, circumcision nor
uncircumcision, Barbarian nor Scythian, bond nor free. But Christ is
all and in all.

3:12. Put ye on therefore, as the elect of God, holy and beloved, the
bowels of mercy, benignity, humility, modesty, patience:

3:13. Bearing with one another and forgiving one another, if any have a
complaint against another. Even as the Lord hath forgiven you, so do
you also.

3:14. But above all these things have charity, which is the bond of

3:15. And let the peace of Christ rejoice in your hearts, wherein also
you are called in one body: and be ye thankful.

3:16. Let the word of Christ dwell in you abundantly: in all wisdom,
teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, hymns and spiritual
canticles, singing in grace in your hearts to God.

3:17. All whatsoever you do in word or in work, do all in the name of
the Lord Jesus Christ, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.

3:18. Wives, be subject to your husbands, as it behoveth in the Lord.

3:19. Husbands, love your wives and be not bitter towards them.

3:20. Children, obey your parents in all things: for this is well
pleasing to the Lord.

3:21. Fathers, provoke not your children to indignation, lest they be

3:22. Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh:
not serving to the eye, as pleasing men: but in simplicity of heart,
fearing God.

3:23. Whatsoever you do, do it from the heart, as to the Lord, and not
to men:

3:24. Knowing that you shall receive of the Lord the reward of
inheritance. Serve ye the Lord Christ.

3:25. For he that doth wrong shall receive for that which he hath done
wrongfully. And there is no respect of persons with God.

Colossians Chapter 4

He recommends constant prayer and wisdom. Various salutations.

4:1. Masters, do to your servants that which is just and equal: knowing
that you also have a master in heaven.

4:2. Be instant in prayer: watching in it with thanksgiving.

4:3. Praying withal for us also, that God may open unto us a door of
speech to speak the mystery of Christ (for which also I am bound):

4:4. That I may make it manifest as I ought to speak.

4:5. Walk with wisdom towards them that are without, redeeming the

4:6. Let your speech be always in grace seasoned with salt: that you
may know how you ought to answer every man.

4:7. All the things that concern me, Tychicus, our dearest brother and
faithful minister and fellow servant in the Lord, will make known to

4:8. What I have sent to you for this same purpose, that he may know
the things that concern you and comfort your hearts:

4:9. With Onesimus, a most beloved and faithful brother, who is one of
you. All things that are done here, they shall make known to you.

4:10. Aristarchus, my fellow prisoner, saluteth you: and Mark, the
cousin german of Barnabas, touching whom you have received
commandments. If he come unto you, receive him.

4:11. And Jesus that is called Justus: who are of the circumcision.
These only are my helpers, in the kingdom of God: who have been a
comfort to me.

4:12. Epaphras saluteth you, who is one of you, a servant of Christ
Jesus, who is always solicitous for you in prayers, that you may stand
perfect and full in all the will of God.

4:13. For I bear him testimony that he hath much labour for you and for
them that are at Laodicea and them at Hierapolis.

4:14. Luke, the most dear physician, saluteth you: and Demas.

4:15. Salute the brethren who are at Laodicea: and Nymphas and the
church that is in his house.

4:16. And when this epistle shall have been read with you, cause that
it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans: and that you read that
which is of the Laodiceans.

And that you read that which is of the Laodiceans. . .What this epistle
was is uncertain, and annotators have given different opinions
concerning it. Some expound these words of an epistle which St. Paul
wrote to the Laodiceans, and is since lost, for that now extant is no
more than a collection of sentences out of the other epistles of St.
Paul; therefore it cannot be considered even as a part of that epistle.
Others explain that the text means a letter sent to St. Paul by the
Laodiceans, which he sends to the Colossians to be read by them.
However, this opinion does not seem well founded. Hence it is more
probable that St. Paul wrote an epistle from Rome to the Laodiceans,
about the same time that he wrote to the Colossians, as he had them
both equally at heart, and that he ordered that epistle to be read by
the Colossians for their instructions; and being neighbouring cities,
they might communicate to each other what they had received from him;
as one epistle might contain some matters not related in the other, and
would be equally useful for their concern; and more particularly as
they were equally disturbed by intruders and false teachers, against
which the apostle was anxious to warn them, lest they should be
infected by their pernicious doctrine.

4:17. And say to Archippus: Take heed to the ministry which thou hast
received in the Lord, that thou fulfil it.

4:18. The salutation of Paul with my own hand. Be mindful of my bands.
Grace be with you. Amen.


Thessalonica was the capital of Macedonia, in which St. Paul, having
preached the Gospel, converted some Jews and a great number of the
Gentiles: but the unbelieving Jews, envying his success, raised such a
commotion against him that he, and his companion, Sylvanus were obliged
to quit the city. Afterwards he went to Athens, where he heard that the
converts in Thessalonica were under a severe persecution, ever since
his departure; and lest they should lose their fortitude, he sent
Timothy to strengthen and comfort them in their sufferings. In the
meantime St. Paul came to Corinth, where he wrote this first Epistle,
and also the second to the Thessalonians, both in the same year, being
the nineteenth after our Lord's Ascension. These are the first of his
Epistles in the order of time.

1 Thessalonians Chapter 1

He gives thanks for the grace bestowed on the Thessalonians.

1:1. Paul and Sylvanus and Timothy to the church of the Thessalonians:
in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ.

1:2. Grace be to you and peace. We give thanks to God always for you
all: making a remembrance of you in our prayers without ceasing,

1:3. Being mindful of the work of your faith and labour and charity:
and of the enduring of the hope of our Lord Jesus Christ before God and
our Father.

1:4. Knowing, brethren, beloved of God, your election:

1:5. For our gospel hath not been unto you in word only, but in power
also: and in the Holy Ghost and in much fulness, as you know what
manner of men we have been among you for your sakes.

1:6. And you became followers of us and of the Lord: receiving the word
in much tribulation, with joy of the Holy Ghost:

1:7. So that you were made a pattern to all that believe in Macedonia
and in Achaia.

1:8. For from you was spread abroad the word of the Lord not only in
Macedonia and in Achaia but also in every place: your faith which is
towards God, is gone forth, so that we need not to speak any thing.

1:9. For they themselves relate of us, what manner of entering in we
had unto you: and how you turned to God from idols to serve the living
and true God.

1:10. And to wait for his Son from heaven (whom he raised up from the
dead), Jesus, who hath delivered us from the wrath to come.

1 Thessalonians Chapter 2

The sincerity of the apostle's preaching the gospel to them and of
their receiving it.

2:1. For yourselves know, brethren, our entrance in unto you, that it
was not in vain:

2:2. But having suffered many things before and been shamefully
treated, (as you know) at Philippi, we had confidence in our God, to
speak unto you the gospel of God in much carefulness.

2:3. For our exhortation was not of error, nor of uncleanness, nor in

2:4. But as we were approved by God that the gospel should be committed
to us: even so we speak, not as pleasing men but God, who proveth our

2:5. For neither have we used at any time the speech of flattery, as
you know: nor taken an occasion of covetousness (God is witness):

2:6. Nor sought we glory of men, neither of you, nor of others.

2:7. Whereas we might have been burdensome to you, as the apostles of
Christ: but we became little ones in the midst of you, as if a nurse
should cherish her children:

2:8. So desirous of you, we would gladly impart unto you not only the
gospel of God but also our own souls: because you were become most dear
unto us.

2:9. For you remember, brethren, our labour and toil: working night and
day, lest we should be chargeable to any of you, we preached among you
the gospel of God.

2:10. You are witnesses, and God also, how holily and justly and
without blame we have been to you that have believed:

2:11. As you know in what manner, entreating and comforting you (as a
father doth his children),

2:12. We testified to every one of you that you would walk worthy of
God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.

2:14. For you, brethren, are become followers of the churches of God
which are in Judea, in Christ Jesus: for you also have suffered the
same things from your own countrymen, even as they have from the Jews:

2:15. Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and the prophets, and have
persecuted us, and please not God, and are adversaries to all men;

2:16. Prohibiting us to speak to the Gentiles, that they may be saved,
to fill up their sins always: for the wrath of God is come upon them to
the end.

To fill up their sins. . .That is, to fill up the measure of their sins,
after which God's justice would punish them. For the wrath of God is
come upon them to the end. . .That is, to continue on them to the end.

2:17. But we, brethren, being taken away from you for a short time, in
sight, not in heart, have hastened the more abundantly to see your face
with great desire.

2:18. For we would have come unto you, I Paul indeed, once and again:
but Satan hath hindered us.

2:19. For what is our hope or joy or crown of glory? Are not you, in
the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?

2:20. For you are our glory and joy.

1 Thessalonians Chapter 3

The apostle's concern and love for the Thessalonians.

3:1. For which cause, forbearing no longer, we thought it good to
remain at Athens alone.

3:2. And we sent Timothy, our brother and the minister of God in the
gospel of Christ, to confirm you and exhort you concerning your faith:

3:3. That no man should be moved in these tribulations: for yourselves
know that we are appointed thereunto.

3:4. For even when we were with you, we foretold you that we should
suffer tribulations: as also it is come to pass, and you know.

3:5. For this cause also, I, forbearing no longer, sent to know your
faith: lest perhaps he that tempteth should have tempted you: and our
labour should be made vain.

3:6. But now when Timothy came to us from you and related to us your
faith and charity, and that you have a good remembrance of us always,
desiring to see us as we also to see you:

3:7. Therefore we were comforted, brethren, in you, in all our
necessity and tribulation, by your faith.

3:8. Because now we live, if you stand in the Lord.

3:9. For what thanks can we return to God for you, in all the joy
wherewith we rejoice for you before our God,

3:10. Night and day more abundantly praying that we may see your face
and may accomplish those things that are wanting to your faith?

3:11. Now God himself and our Father and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct
our way unto you.

3:12. And may the Lord multiply you and make you abound in charity
towards one another and towards all men: as we do also towards you,

3:13. To confirm your hearts without blame, in holiness, before God and
our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, with all his
saints. Amen.

1 Thessalonians Chapter 4

He exhorts them to purity and mutual charity. He treats of the
resurrection of the dead.

4:1. For the rest therefore, brethren, pray and beseech you in the Lord
Jesus that, as you have received from us, how you ought to walk and to
please God, so also you would walk, that you may abound the more.

4:2. For you know what precepts I have given to you by the Lord Jesus.

4:3. For this is the will of God, your sanctification: That you should
abstain from fornication:

4:4. That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in
sanctification and honour,

4:5. Not in the passion of lust, like the Gentiles that know not God:

4:6. And that no man overreach nor circumvent his brother in business:
because the Lord is the avenger of all these things, as we have told
you before and have testified.

4:7. For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto

4:8. Therefore, he that despiseth these things, despiseth not man, but
God, who also hath given his holy Spirit in us.

4:9. But as touching the charity of brotherhood, we have no need to
write to you: for yourselves have learned of God to love one another.

4:10. For indeed you do it towards all the brethren in all Macedonia.
But we entreat you, brethren, that you abound more:

4:11. And that you use your endeavour to be quiet: and that you do your
own business and work with your own hands, as we commanded you: and
that you walk honestly towards them that are without: and that you want
nothing of any man's.

4:12. And we will not have you ignorant brethren, concerning them that
are asleep, that you be not sorrowful, even as others who have no hope.

4:13. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again: even so them
who have slept through Jesus, will God bring with him.

4:14. For this we say unto you in the word of the Lord, that we who are
alive, who remain unto the coming of the Lord, shall not prevent them
who have slept.

4:15. For the Lord himself shall come down from heaven with commandment
and with the voice of an archangel and with the trumpet of God: and the
dead who are in Christ shall rise first.

4:16. Then we who are alive, who are left, shall be taken up together
with them in the clouds to meet Christ, into the air: and so shall we
be always with the Lord.

4:17. Wherefore, comfort ye one another with these words.

1 Thessalonians Chapter 5

The day of the Lord shall come when least expected. Exhortations to
several duties.

5:1. But of the times and moments, brethren, you need not, that we
should write to you:

5:2. For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord shall so
come as a thief in the night.

5:3. For when they shall say: Peace and security; then shall sudden
destruction come upon them, as the pains upon her that is with child,
and they shall not escape.

5:4. But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day should
overtake you as a thief.

5:5. For all you are the children of light and children of the day: we
are not of the night nor of darkness.

5:6. Therefore, let us not sleep, as others do: but let us watch, and
be sober.

5:7. For they that sleep, sleep in the night; and they that are drunk,
are drunk in the night.

5:8. But let us, who are of the day, be sober, having on the breast
plate of faith and charity and, for a helmet, the hope of salvation.

5:9. For God hath not appointed us unto wrath: but unto the purchasing
of salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

5:10. Who died for us: that, whether we watch or sleep, we may live
together with him.

5:11. For which cause comfort one another and edify one another, as you
also do.

5:12. And we beseech you, brethren, to know them who labour among you
and are over you in the Lord and admonish you;

5:13. That you esteem them more abundantly in charity, for their work's
sake. Have peace with them.

5:14. And we beseech you, brethren, rebuke the unquiet: comfort the
feeble minded: support the weak: be patient towards all men.

The unquiet. . .That is, such as are irregular and disorderly.

5:15. See that none render evil for evil to any man: but ever follow
that which is good towards each other and towards all men.

5:16. Always rejoice.

5:17. Pray without ceasing.

5:18. In all things give thanks for this is the will of God in Christ
Jesus concerning you all.

5:19. Extinguish not the spirit.

5:20. Despise not prophecies.

5:21. But prove all things: hold fast that which is good.

5:22. From all appearance of evil refrain yourselves.

5:23. And may the God of peace himself sanctify you in all things: that
your whole spirit and soul and body may be preserved blameless in the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

5:24. He is faithful who hath called you, who also will do it.

5:25. Brethren, pray for us.

5:26. Salute all the brethren with a holy kiss.

5:27. I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be read to all the
holy brethren.

5:28. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.


In this Epistle St. Paul admonishes the Thessalonians to be constant in
the faith of Christ and not to be terrified by the insinuations of
false teachers telling them that the day of judgment was near at hand,
as there must come many signs and wonders before it. He bids them to
hold firm the traditions received from him, whether by word, or by
epistle, and shews them how they may be certain of his letters by the
manner he writes.

2 Thessalonians Chapter 1

He gives thanks to God for their faith and constancy and prays for
their advancement in all good.

1:1. Paul and Sylvanus and Timothy, to the church of the Thessalonians.
In God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ,

1:2. Grace unto you: and peace from God our Father and from the Lord
Jesus Christ.

1:3. We are bound to give thanks always to God for you, brethren, as it
is fitting, because your faith groweth exceedingly and the charity of
every one of you towards each other aboundeth.

1:4. So that we ourselves also glory in you in the churches of God, for
your patience and faith, and in all your persecutions and tribulations:
which you endure

1:5. For an example of the just judgment of God, that you may be
counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which also you suffer.

1:6. Seeing it is a just thing with God to repay tribulation to them
that trouble you:

1:7. And to you who are troubled, rest with us, when the Lord Jesus
shall be revealed from heaven with the angels of his power:

1:8. In a flame of fire, giving vengeance to them who know not God and
who obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1:9. Who shall suffer eternal punishment in destruction, from the face
of the Lord and from the glory of his power:

1:10. When he shall come to be glorified in his saints and to be made
wonderful in all them who have believed; because our testimony was
believed upon you in that day.

1:11. Wherefore also we pray always for you: That our God would make
you worthy of his vocation and fulfil all the good pleasure of his
goodness and the work of faith in power:

1:12. That the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you
in him, according to the grace of our God and of the Lord Jesus Christ.

2 Thessalonians Chapter 2

The day of the Lord is not to come till the man of sin be revealed. The
apostle's traditions are to be observed.

2:1. And we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus
Christ and of our gathering together unto him:

2:2. That you be not easily moved from your sense nor be terrified,
neither by spirit nor by word nor by epistle. as sent from us, as if
the day of the Lord were at hand.

2:3. Let no man deceive you by any means: for unless there come a
revolt first, and the man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition

A revolt. . .This revolt, or falling off, is generally understood, by
the ancient fathers, of a revolt from the Roman empire, which was first
to be destroyed, before the coming of Antichrist. It may, perhaps, be
understood also of a revolt of many nations from the Catholic Church;
which has, in part, happened already, by means of Mahomet, Luther, &c.,
and it may be supposed, will be more general in the days of the
Antichrist. The man of sin. . .Here must be meant some particular man,
as is evident from the frequent repetition of the Greek article: o`,
'the' man of sin, 'the' son of perdition, 'the' adversary or opposer.
It agrees to the wicked and great Antichrist, who will come before the
end of the world.

2:4. Who opposeth and is lifted up above all that is called God or that
is worshipped, so that he sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself
as if he were God.

In the temple. . .Either that of Jerusalem which some think he will
rebuild; or in some Christian church, which he will pervert to his own
worship: as Mahomet has done by the churches of the east.

2:5. Remember you not that, when I was yet with you, I told you these

2:6. And now you know what withholdeth, that he may be revealed in his

2:7. For the mystery of iniquity already worketh: only that he who now
holdeth do hold, until he be taken out of the way.

2:8. And then that wicked one shall be revealed: whom the Lord Jesus
shall kill with the spirit of his mouth and shall destroy with the
brightness of his coming: him

2:9. Whose coming is according to the working of Satan, in all power
and signs and lying wonders:

2:10. And in all seduction of iniquity to them that perish: because
they receive not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
Therefore God shall send them the operation of error, to believe lying:

God shall send. . .That is God shall suffer them to be deceived by lying
wonders, and false miracles, in punishment of their not entertaining
the love of truth.

2:11. That all may be judged who have not believed the truth but have
consented to iniquity.

2:12. But we ought to give thanks to God always for you, brethren,
beloved of God, for that God hath chosen you firstfruits unto
salvation, in sanctification of the spirit and faith of the truth:

2:13. Whereunto also he hath called you by our gospel, unto the
purchasing of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

2:14. Therefore, brethren, stand fast: and hold the traditions, which
you have learned, whether by word or by our epistle.

Traditions. . .See here that the unwritten traditions are no less to be
received than their epistles.

2:15. Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God and our Father, who
hath loved us and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope
in grace,

2:16. Exhort your hearts and confirm you in every good work and word.

2 Thessalonians Chapter 3

He begs their prayers and warns them against idleness.

3:1. For the rest, brethren, pray for us that the word of God may run
and may be glorified, even as among you:

May run. . .That is, may spread itself, and have free course.

3:2. And that we may be delivered from importunate and evil men: for
all men have not faith.

3:3. But God is faithful, who will strengthen and keep you from evil.

3:4. And we have confidence concerning you in the Lord that the things
which we command, you both do and will do.

3:5. And the Lord direct your hearts, in the charity of God and the
patience of Christ.

3:6. And we charge you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,
that you withdraw yourselves from every brother walking disorderly and
not according to the tradition which they have received of us.

3:7. For yourselves know how you ought to imitate us. For we were not
disorderly among you.

3:8. Neither did we eat any man's bread for nothing: but in labour and
in toil we worked night and day, lest we should be chargeable to any of

3:9. Not as if we had not power: but that we might give ourselves a
pattern unto you, to imitate us.

3:10. For also, when we were with you, this we declared to you: that,
if any man will not work, neither let him eat.

3:11. For we have heard there are some among you who walk disorderly:
working not at all, but curiously meddling.

3:12. Now we charge them that are such and beseech them by the Lord
Jesus Christ that, working with silence, they would eat their own

3:13. But you, brethren, be not weary in well doing.

3:14. And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man
and do not keep company with him, that he may be ashamed.

3:15. Yet do not esteem him as an enemy but admonish him as a brother.

3:16. Now the Lord of peace himself give you everlasting peace in every
place. The Lord be with you all.

3:17. The salutation of Paul with my own hand: which is the sign in
every epistle. So I write.

3:18. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.


St. Paul write this Epistle to his BELOVED TIMOTHY, being then bishop
of Ephesus, to instruct him in the duties of a bishop, both in respect
to himself and to his charge; and that he ought to be well informed of
the good morals of those on whom he was to impose hands: Impose not
hands lightly upon any man. He tells him also how he should behave
towards his clergy. The Epistle was written about 33 years after our
Lord's Ascension; but where it was written is uncertain: the more
general opinion is, that it was in Macedonia.

1 Timothy Chapter 1

He puts Timothy in mind of his charge and blesses God for the mercy he
himself had received.

1:1. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the commandment of
God our Saviour and Christ Jesus our hope:

1:2. To Timothy, his beloved son in faith. Grace, mercy and peace, from
God the Father and from Christ Jesus our Lord.

1:3. As I desired thee to remain at Ephesus when I went into Macedonia,
that thou mightest charge some not to teach otherwise:

1:4. Not to give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which furnish
questions rather than the edification of God which is in faith.

1:5. Now the end of the commandment is charity from a pure heart, and a
good conscience, and an unfeigned faith.

1:6. From which things some, going astray, are turned aside unto vain

1:7. Desiring to be teachers of the law: understanding neither the
things they say, nor whereof they affirm.

1:8. But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully.

1:9. Knowing this: That the law is not made for the just man but for
the unjust and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for the
wicked and defiled, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers,
for manslayers,

The law is not. . .He means, that the just man doth good, and avoideth
evil, not as compelled by the law, and merely for fear of the
punishment appointed for transgressors; but voluntarily, and out of the
love of God and virtue; and would do so, though there were no law.

1:10. For fornicators, for them who defile themselves with mankind, for
menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and whatever other thing
is contrary to sound doctrine:

1:11. Which is according to the gospel of the glory of the blessed God
which hath been committed to my trust.

1:12. I give him thanks who hath strengthened me, even to Christ Jesus
our Lord, for that he hath counted me faithful, putting me in the

1:13. Who before was a blasphemer and a persecutor and contumelious.
But I obtained the mercy of God, because I did it ignorantly in

1:14. Now the grace of our Lord hath abounded exceedingly with faith
and love, which is in Christ Jesus.

1:15. A faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ
Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am the chief.

1:16. But for this cause have I obtained mercy: that in me first Christ
Jesus might shew forth all patience, for the information of them that
shall believe in him unto life everlasting.

1:17. Now to the king of ages, immortal, invisible, the only God, be
honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.

1:18. This precept, I commend to thee, O son Timothy: according to the
prophecies going before on thee, that thou war in them a good warfare,

1:19. Having faith and a good conscience, which some rejecting have
made shipwreck concerning the faith.

1:20. Of whom is Hymeneus and Alexander, whom I have delivered up to
Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.

1 Timothy Chapter 2

Prayers are to be said for all men, because God wills the salvation of
all. Women are not to teach.

2:1. I desire therefore, first of all, that supplications, prayers,
intercessions and thanksgivings be made for all men:

2:2. For kings and for all that are in high station: that we may lead a
quiet and a peaceable life in all piety and chastity.

2:3. For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour,

2:4. Who will have all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of
the truth.

2:5. For there is one God: and one mediator of God and men, the man
Christ Jesus:

One mediator. . .Christ is the one and only mediator of redemption, who
gave himself, as the apostle writes in the following verse.

2:6. Who gave himself a redemption for all, a testimony in due times.

a redemption for all. . . He is also the only mediator, who stands in
need of no other to recommend his petitions to the Father. But this is
not against our seeking the prayers and intercession, as well of the
faithful upon earth, as of the saints and angels in heaven, for
obtaining mercy, grace, and salvation, through Jesus Christ. As St.
Paul himself often desired the help of the prayers of the faithful,
without any injury to the mediatorship of Jesus Christ.

2:7. Whereunto I am appointed a preacher and an apostle (I say the
truth, I lie not), a doctor of the Gentiles in faith and truth.

2:8. I will therefore that men pray in every place, lifting up pure
hands, without anger and contention.

2:9. In like manner, women also in decent apparel: adorning themselves
with modesty and sobriety, not with plaited hair, or gold, or pearls,
or costly attire:

2:10. But, as it becometh women professing godliness, with good works.

2:11. Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.

2:12. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to use authority over the
man: but to be in silence.

2:13.For Adam was first formed; then Eve.

2:14. And Adam was not seduced; but the woman, being seduced, was in
the transgression.

2:15. Yet she shall be saved through child bearing; if she continue in
faith and love and sanctification with sobriety.

1 Timothy Chapter 3

What sort of men are to be admitted into the clergy. The church is the
pillar of truth.

3:1. A faithful saying: If a man desire the office of a bishop, he
desireth good work.

3:2. It behoveth therefore a bishop to be blameless, the husband of one
wife, sober, prudent, of good behaviour, chaste, given to hospitality,
a teacher,

Of one wife. . . The meaning is not that every bishop should have a wife
(for St. Paul himself had none), but that no one should be admitted to
the holy orders of bishop, priest, or deacon, who had been married more
than once.

3:3. Not given to wine, no striker, but modest, not quarrelsome, not
covetous, but

3:4. One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in
subjection with all chastity.

3:5. But if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take
care of the church of God?

3:6. Not a neophyte: lest, being puffed up with pride, he fall into the
judgment of the devil.

A neophyte. . . That is, one lately baptized, a young convert.

3:7. Moreover, he must have a good testimony of them who are without:
lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.

3:8. Deacons in like manner: chaste, not double tongued, not given to
much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre:

3:9. Holding the mystery of faith in a pure conscience.

3:10. And let these also first be proved: and so let them minister,
having no crime.

3:11. The women in like manner: chaste, not slanderers, but sober,
faithful in all things.

3:12. Let deacons be the husbands of one wife: who rule well their
children and their own houses.

3:13. For they that have ministered well shall purchase to themselves a
good degree and much confidence in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.

3:14. These things I write to thee, hoping that I shall come to thee

3:15. But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to
behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living
God, the pillar and ground of the truth.

The pillar and ground of the truth. . . Therefore the church of the
living God can never uphold error, nor bring in corruptions,
superstition, or idolatry.

3:16. And evidently great is the mystery of godliness, which was
manifested in the flesh, was justified in the spirit, appeared unto
angels, hath been preached unto the Gentiles, is believed in the world,
is taken up in glory.

1 Timothy Chapter 4

He warns him against heretics, and exhorts him to the exercise of

4:1. Now the Spirit manifestly saith that in the last times some shall
depart from the faith, giving heed to spirits of error and doctrines of

4:2. Speaking lies in hypocrisy and having their conscience seared,

4:3. Forbidding to marry, to abstain from meats, which God hath created
to be received with thanksgiving by the faithful and by them that have
known the truth.

Forbidding to marry, to abstain from meats. . . He speaks of the
Gnostics, the Marcionites, the Eneratites, the Manicheans, and other
ancient heretics, who absolutely condemned marriage, and the use of all
kind of meat; because they pretended that all flesh was from an evil
principle. Whereas the church of God, so far from condemning marriage,
holds it a holy sacrament; and forbids it to none but such as by vow
have chosen the better part: and prohibits not the use of any meats
whatsoever in proper times and seasons; though she does not judge all
kind of diet proper for days of fasting and penance.

4:4. For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be rejected that
is received with thanksgiving:

4:5. For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

4:6. These things proposing to the brethren, thou shalt be a good
minister of Christ Jesus, nourished up in the words of faith and of the
good doctrine which thou hast attained unto.

4:7. But avoid foolish and old wives fables: and exercise thyself unto

4:8. For bodily exercise is profitable to little: but godliness is
profitable to all things, having promise of the life that now is and of
that which is to come.

4:9. A faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation.

4:10. For therefore we labour and are reviled, because we hope in the
living God, who is the Saviour of all men, especially of the faithful.

4:11. These things command and teach:

4:12. Let no man despise thy youth: but be thou an example of the
faithful, in word, in conversation, in charity, in faith, in chastity.

4:13. Till I come, attend unto reading, to exhortation and to doctrine.

4:14. Neglect not the grace that is in thee, which was given thee by
prophecy, with imposition of the hands of the priesthood.

4:15. Meditate upon these things, be wholly in these things: that thy
profiting may be manifest to all.

4:16. Take heed to thyself and to doctrine: be earnest in them. For in
doing this thou shalt both save thyself and them that hear thee.

1 Timothy Chapter 5

He gives him lessons concerning widows, and how he is to behave to his

5:1. An ancient man rebuke not, but entreat him as a father: young men,
as brethren:

5:2. Old women, as mothers: young women, as sisters, in all chastity.

5:3. Honour widows that are widows indeed.

5:4. But if any widow have children or grandchildren, let her learn
first to govern her own house and to make a return of duty to her
parents; for this is acceptable before God.

5:5. But she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, let her trust in God
and continue in supplications and prayers night and day.

5:6. For she that liveth in pleasures is dead while she is living.

5:7. And this give in charge, that they may be blameless.

5:8. But if any man have not care of his own and especially of those of
his house, he hath denied the faith and is worse than an infidel.

5:9. Let a widow be chosen of no less than threescore years of age, who
hath been the wife of one husband.

5:10. Having testimony for her good works, if she have brought up
children, if she have received to harbour, if she have washed the
saints' feet, if she have ministered to them that suffer tribulation,
if she have diligently followed every good work.

5:11. But the younger widows avoid. For when they have grown wanton in
Christ, they will marry:

5:12. Having damnation, because they have made void their first faith.

Their first faith. . . Their vow, by which they had engaged themselves
to Christ.

5:13. And withal being idle they learn to go about from house to house:
and are not only idle, but tattlers also and busy bodies, speaking
things which they ought not.

5:14. I will, therefore, that the younger should marry, bear children,
be mistresses of families, give no occasion to the adversary to speak

5:15. For some are already turned aside after Satan.

5:16. If any of the faithful have widows, let him minister to them, and
let not the church be charged: that there may be sufficient for them
that are widows indeed.

5:17. Let the priests that rule well be esteemed worthy of double
honour: especially they who labour in the word and doctrine.

5:18. For the scripture saith: Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that
treadeth out the corn: and, The labourer is worthy of his reward.

5:19. Against a priest receive not an accusation, but under two or
three witnesses.

5:20. Them that sin reprove before all that the rest also may have

5:21. I charge thee, before God and Christ Jesus and the elect angels,
that thou observe these things without prejudice, doing nothing by
declining to either side.

5:22. Impose not hands lightly upon any man, neither be partaker of
other men's sins. Keep thyself chaste.

5:23. Do not still drink water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's
sake and thy frequent infirmities.

5:24. Some men's sins are manifest, going before to judgment: and some
men they follow after.

5:25. In like manner also good deeds are manifest: and they that are
otherwise cannot be hid.

1 Timothy Chapter 6

Duties of servants. The danger of covetousness. Lessons for the rich.

6:1. Whosoever are servants under the yoke, let them count their
masters worthy of all honour; lest the name of the Lord and his
doctrine be blasphemed.

6:2. But they that have believing masters, let them not despise them,
because they are brethren; but serve them the rather, because they are
faithful and beloved, who are partakers of the benefit. These things
teach and exhort.

6:3. If any man teach otherwise and consent not to the sound words of
our Lord Jesus Christ and to that doctrine which is according to

6:4. He is proud, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and strifes
of words; from which arise envies, contentions, blasphemies, evil

6:5. Conflicts of men corrupted in mind and who are destitute of the
truth, supposing gain to be godliness.

6:6. But godliness with contentment is great gain.

6:7. For we brought nothing into this world: and certainly we can carry
nothing out.

6:8. But having food and wherewith to be covered, with these we are

6:9. For they that will become rich fall into temptation and into the
snare of the devil and into many unprofitable and hurtful desires,
which drown men into destruction and perdition.

6:10. For the desire of money is the root of all evils; which some
coveting have erred from the faith and have entangled themselves in
many sorrows.

6:11. But thou, O man of God, fly these things: and pursue justice,
godliness, faith, charity, patience, mildness.

6:12. Fight the good fight of faith. Lay hold on eternal life,
whereunto thou art called and be it confessed a good confession before
many witnesses.

6:13. I charge thee before God who quickeneth all things, and before
Christ Jesus who gave testimony under Pontius Pilate, a good

6:14. That thou keep the commandment without spot, blameless, unto the
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ,

6:15. Which in his times he shall shew, who is the Blessed and only
Mighty, the King of kings and Lord of lords:

6:16. Who only hath immortality and inhabiteth light inaccessible: whom
no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and empire
everlasting. Amen.

6:17. Charge the rich of this world not to be highminded nor to trust
in the uncertainty of riches, but in the living God (who giveth us
abundantly all things to enjoy)

6:18. To do good, to be rich in good work, to give easily, to
communicate to others,

6:19. To lay up in store for themselves a good foundation against the
time to come, that they may lay hold on the true life.

6:20. O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding
the profane novelties of words and oppositions of knowledge falsely so

6:21. Which some promising, have erred concerning the faith. Grace be
with thee. Amen.


In this Epistle, the Apostle again instructs and admonishes Timothy in
what belonged to his office, as in the former; and also warns him to
shun the conversation of those who had erred from the truth, describing
at the same time their character, He tells him of his approaching death
and desires him to come speedily to him. It appears from this
circumstance that he wrote this second Epistle in the time of his last
imprisonment at Rome and not long before his martyrdom.

2 Timothy Chapter 1

He admonishes him to stir up the grace he received by his ordination
and not to be discouraged at his sufferings, but to hold firm the sound
doctrine of the gospel.

1:1. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ, by the will of God, according to
the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus:

1:2. To Timothy, my dearly beloved son. Grace, mercy and peace, from
God the Father and from Christ Jesus our Lord.

1:3. I give thanks to God, whom I serve from my forefathers, with a
pure conscience, that without ceasing I have a remembrance of thee in
my prayers, night and day.

1:4. Desiring to see thee, being mindful of thy tears, that I may be
filled with joy:

1:5. Calling to mind that faith which is in thee unfeigned, which also
dwelt first in thy grandmother Lois and in thy mother Eunice, and I am
certain that in thee also.

1:6. For which cause I admonish thee that thou stir up the grace of God
which is in thee by the imposition of my hands.

1:7. For God hath not given us the spirit of fear: but of power and of
love and of sobriety.

1:8. Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of
me his prisoner: but labour with the gospel, according to the power of

1:9. Who hath delivered us and called us by his holy calling, not
according to our own works, but according to his own purpose and grace,
which was given us in Christ Jesus before the times of the world:

1:10. But is now made manifest by the illumination of our Saviour Jesus
Christ, who hath destroyed death and hath brought to light life and
incorruption by the gospel.

By the illumination. . .That is, by the bright coming and appearing of
our Saviour.

1:11. Wherein I am appointed a preacher and an apostle and teacher of
the Gentiles.

1:12. For which cause, I also suffer these things: but I am not
ashamed. For I know whom I have believed and I am certain that he is
able to keep that which I have committed unto him, against that day.

1:13. Hold the form of sound words which thou hast heard of me: in
faith and in the love which is in Christ Jesus.

1:14. Keep the good thing committed to thy trust by the Holy Ghost who
dwelleth in us.

1:15. Thou knowest this, that all they who are in Asia are turned away
from me: of whom are Phigellus and Hermogenes.

1:16. The Lord give mercy to the house of Onesiphorus: because he hath
often refreshed me and hath not been ashamed of my chain:

1:17. But when he was come to Rome, he carefully sought me and found

1:18. The Lord grant unto him to find mercy of the Lord in that day.
And in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou very well

2 Timothy Chapter 2

He exhorts him to diligence in his office and patience in suffering.
The danger of the delusions of heretics.

2:1. Thou therefore, my son, be strong in Christ Jesus:

2:2. And the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the
same commend to faithful men who shall be fit to teach others also.

2:3. Labour as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.

2:4. No man, being a soldier to God, entangleth himself with secular
businesses: that he may please him to whom he hath engaged himself.

2:5. For he also that striveth for the mastery is not crowned, except
he strive lawfully.

2:6. The husbandman that laboureth must first partake of the fruits.

2:7. Understand what I say: for the Lord will give thee in all things

2:8. Be mindful that the Lord Jesus Christ is risen again from the
dead, of the seed of David, according to my gospel:

2:9. Wherein I labour even unto bands, as an evildoer. But the word of
God is not bound.

2:10. Therefore I endure all things for the sake of the elect, that
they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus, with
heavenly glory.

2:11. A faithful saying: for if we be dead with him, we shall live also
with him.

2:12. If we suffer, we shall also reign with him. If we deny him, he
will also deny us.

2:13. If we believe not, he continueth faithful, he cannot deny

2:14. Of these things put them in mind, charging them before the Lord.
Contend not in words: for it is to no profit, but to the subverting of
the hearers.

2:15. Carefully study to present thyself approved unto God, a workman
that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly handling the word of truth.

2:16. But shun profane and vain babblings: for they grow much towards

2:17. And their speech spreadeth like a canker: of whom are Hymeneus
and Philetus:

2:18. Who have erred from the truth, saying that the resurrection is
past already, and have subverted the faith of some.

2:19. But the sure foundation of God standeth firm, having this seal:
the Lord knoweth who are his; and let every one depart from iniquity
who nameth the name of the Lord.

2:20. But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of
silver, but also of wood and of earth: and some indeed unto honour, but
some unto dishonour.

2:21. If any man therefore shall cleanse himself from these, he shall
be a vessel unto honour, sanctified and profitable to the Lord,
prepared unto every good work.

2:22. But flee thou youthful desires, and pursue justice, faith,
charity and peace with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

2:23. And avoid foolish and unlearned questions, knowing that they
beget strifes.

2:24. But the servant of the Lord must not wrangle: but be mild toward
all men, apt to teach, patient,

2:25. With modesty admonishing them that resist the truth: if
peradventure God may give them repentance to know the truth;

2:26. And they may recover themselves from the snares of the devil by
whom they are held captive at his will.

2 Timothy Chapter 3

The character of heretics of latter days. He exhorts Timothy to
constancy. Of the great profit of the knowledge of the scriptures.

3:1. Know also this, that in the last days shall come dangerous times.

3:2. Men shall be lovers of themselves, covetous, haughty, proud,
blasphemers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, wicked,

3:3. Without affection, without peace, slanderers, incontinent,
unmerciful, without kindness,

3:4. Traitors, stubborn, puffed up, and lovers of pleasure more than of

3:5. Having an appearance indeed of godliness but denying the power
thereof. Now these avoid.

3:6. For of these sort are they who creep into houses and lead captive
silly women laden with sins, who are led away with divers desires:

3:7. Ever learning, and never attaining to the knowledge of the truth.

3:8. Now as Jannes and Mambres resisted Moses, so these also resist the
truth, men corrupted in mind, reprobate concerning the faith.

Jannes and Mambres. . .The magicians of king Pharao.

3:9. But they shall proceed no farther: for their folly shall be
manifest to all men, as theirs also was.

3:10. But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose,
faith, longsuffering, love, patience,

3:11. Persecutions, afflictions: such as came upon me at Antioch, at
Iconium and at Lystra: what persecutions I endured, and out of them all
the Lord delivered me.

3:12. And all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer

3:13. But evil men and seducers shall grow worse and worse: erring, and
driving into error,

3:14. But continue thou in those things which thou hast learned and
which have been committed to thee. Knowing of whom thou hast learned

3:15. And because from thy infancy thou hast known the holy scriptures
which can instruct thee to salvation by the faith which is in Christ

3:16. All scripture, inspired of God, is profitable to teach, to
reprove, to correct, to instruct in justice:

All scripture,. . .Every part of divine scripture is certainly
profitable for all these ends. But, if we would have the whole rule of
Christian faith and practice, we must not be content with those
Scriptures, which Timothy knew from his infancy, that is, with the Old
Testament alone: nor yet with the New Testament, without taking along
with it the traditions of the apostles, and the interpretation of the
church, to which the apostles delivered both the book, and the true
meaning of it.

3:17. That the man of God may be perfect, furnished to every good work.

2 Timothy Chapter 4

His charge to Timothy. He tells him of his approaching death and
desires him to come to him.

4:1. I charge thee, before God and Jesus Christ, who shall judge the
living and the dead, by his coming and his kingdom:

4:2. Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season: reprove,
entreat, rebuke in all patience and doctrine.

4:3. For there shall be a time when they will not endure sound doctrine
but, according to their own desires, they will heap to themselves
teachers having itching ears:

4:4. And will indeed turn away their hearing from the truth, but will
be turned unto fables.

4:5. But be thou vigilant, labour in all things, do the work of an
evangelist, fulfil thy ministry. Be sober.

An evangelist. . .a diligent preacher of the gospel.

4:6. For I am even now ready to be sacrificed: and the time of my
dissolution is at hand.

4:7. I have fought a good fight: I have finished my course: I have kept
the faith.

4:8. As to the rest, there is laid up for me a crown of justice which
the Lord the just judge will render to me in that day: and not only to
me, but to them also that love his coming. Make haste to come to me

4:9. For Demas hath left me, loving this world, and is gone to

4:10. Crescens into Galatia, Titus into Dalmatia.

4:11. Only Luke is with me. Take Mark and bring him with thee: for he
is profitable to me for the ministry.

4:12. But Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus.

4:13. The cloak that I left at Troas, with Carpus, when thou comest,
bring with thee: and the books, especially the parchments.

4:14. Alexander the coppersmith hath done me much evil: the Lord will
reward him according to his works:

4:15. Whom do thou also avoid: for he hath greatly withstood our words.

4:16. At my first answer, no man stood with me: but all forsook me. May
it not be laid to their charge!

4:17. But the Lord stood by me and strengthened me, that by me the
preaching may be accomplished and that all the Gentiles may hear. And I
was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.

4:18. The Lord hath delivered me from every evil work and will preserve
me unto his heavenly kingdom. To whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

4:19. Salute Prisca, and Aquila and the household of Onesiphorus.

4:20. Erastus remained at Corinth. And Trophimus I left sick at

4:21. Make haste to come before winter. Eubulus and Pudens and Linus
and Claudia and all the brethren, salute thee.

4:22. The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you.


St. Paul, having preached the faith in the island of Crete, he ordained
his beloved disciple and companion, Titus, bishop, and left him there
to finish the work which he had begun. Afterwards the Apostle, on a
journey to Nicopolis, a city of Macedonia, wrote this Epistle to Titus,
in which he directs him to ordain bishops and priests for the different
cities, shewing him the principal qualities necessary for a bishop. He
also gives him particular advice for his own conduct to his flock,
exhorting him to hold to strictness of discipline, but seasoned with
lenity. It was written about thirty-three years after our Lord's

Titus Chapter 1

What kind of men he is to ordain priests. Some men are to be sharply

1:1. Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according
to the faith of the elect of God and the acknowledging of the truth,
which is according to godliness:

1:2. Unto the hope of life everlasting, which God, who lieth not, hath
promised before the times of the world:

1:3. But hath in due times manifested his word in preaching, which is
committed to me according to the commandment of God our Saviour:

1:4. To Titus, my beloved son according to the common faith, grace and
peace, from God the Father and from Christ Jesus our Saviour.

1:5. For this cause I left thee in Crete: that thou shouldest set in
order the things that are wanting and shouldest ordain priests in every
city, as I also appointed thee:

1:6. If any be without crime, the husband of one wife. having faithful
children, not accused of riot or unruly.

1:7. For a bishop must be without crime, as the steward of God: not
proud, not subject to anger, nor given to wine, no striker, not greedy
of filthy lucre:

1:8. But given to hospitality, gentle, sober, just, holy, continent:

1:9. Embracing that faithful word which is according to doctrine, that
he may be able to exhort in sound doctrine and to convince the

1:10. For there are also many disobedient, vain talkers and seducers:
especially they who are of the circumcision.

1:11. Who must be reproved, who subvert whole houses, teaching things
which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.

1:12. One of them a prophet of their own, said: The Cretans are always
liars, evil beasts, slothful bellies.

1:13. This testimony is true. Wherefore, rebuke them sharply, that they
may be sound in the faith:

1:14. Not giving heed to Jewish fables and commandments of men who turn
themselves away from the truth.

1:15. All things are clean to the clean: but to them that are defiled
and to unbelievers, nothing is clean: but both their mind and their
conscience are defiled.

1:16. They profess that they know God: but in their works they deny
him: being abominable and incredulous and to every good work reprobate.

Titus Chapter 2

How he is to instruct both old and young. The duty of servants. The
Christian's rule of life.

2:1. But speak thou the things that become sound doctrine:

2:2. That the aged men be sober, chaste, prudent, sound in faith, in
love, in patience.

2:3. The aged women, in like manner, in holy attire, not false
accusers, not given to much wine, teaching well:

2:4. That they may teach the young women to be wise, to love their
husbands, to love their children.

2:5. To be discreet, chaste, sober, having a care of the house, gentle,
obedient to their husbands: that the word of God be not blasphemed.

2:6. Young men, in like manner, exhort that they be sober.

2:7. In all things shew thyself an example of good works, in doctrine,
in integrity, in gravity,

2:8. The sound word that can not be blamed: that he who is on the
contrary part may be afraid, having no evil to say of us.

2:9. Exhort servants to be obedient to their masters: in all things
pleasing, not gainsaying:

2:10. Not defrauding, but in all things shewing good fidelity, that
they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

2:11. For the grace of God our Saviour hath appeared to all men:

2:12. Instructing us, that, denying ungodliness and worldly desires, we
should live soberly and justly and godly in this world,

2:13. Looking for the blessed hope and coming of the glory of the great
God and our Saviour Jesus Christ.

2:14. Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all
iniquity and might cleanse to himself a people acceptable, a pursuer of
good works.

2:15. These things speak and exhort and rebuke with all authority. Let
no man despise thee.

Titus Chapter 3

Other instructions and directions for life and doctrine.

3:1. Admonish them to be subject to princes and powers, to obey at a
word, to be ready to every good work.

3:2. To speak evil of no man, not to be litigious but gentle: shewing
all mildness towards all men.

3:3. For we ourselves also were some time unwise, incredulous, erring,
slaves to divers desires and pleasures, living in malice and envy,
hateful and hating one another.

3:4. But when the goodness and kindness of God our Saviour appeared:

3:5. Not by the works of justice which we have done, but according to
his mercy, he saved us, by the laver of regeneration and renovation of
the Holy Ghost.

3:6. Whom he hath poured forth upon us abundantly, through Jesus Christ
our Saviour:

3:7. That, being justified by his grace, we may be heirs according to
hope of life everlasting.

3:8. It is a faithful saying. And these things I will have thee affirm
constantly, that they who believe in God may be careful to excel in
good works. These things are good and profitable unto men.

3:9. But avoid foolish questions and genealogies and contentions and
strivings about the law. For they are unprofitable and vain.

3:10. A man that is a heretic, after the first and second admonition,

3:11. Knowing that he that is such an one is subverted and sinneth,
being condemned by his own judgment.

By his own judgment. . .Other offenders are judged, and cast out of the
church, by the sentence of the pastors of the same church. Heretics,
more unhappy, run out of the church of their own accord, and by doing
so, give judgment and sentence against their own souls.

3:12. When I shall send to thee Artemas or Tychicus, make haste to come
unto me to Nicopolis. For there I have determined to winter.

3:13. Send forward Zenas the lawyer and Apollo, with care that nothing
be wanting to them.

3:14. And let our men also learn to excel in good works for necessary
uses: that they be not unfruitful.

3:15. All that are with me salute thee. Salute them that love us in the
faith. The grace of God be with you all. Amen.


Philemon, a noble citizen of Colossa, had a servant named Onesimus, who
robbed him and fled to Rome, where he met St. Paul, who was then a
prisoner there the first time. The apostle took compassion on him and
received him with tenderness and converted him to the faith; for he was
a Gentile before. St. Paul sends him back to his master with this
Epistle in his favour: and though he beseeches Philemon to pardon him,
yet the Apostle writes with becoming dignity and authority. It contains
divers profitable instructions and points out the charity and humanity
that masters should have for their servants.

Philemon Chapter 1

He commends the faith and charity of Philemon; and sends back to him
his fugitive servant, whom he had converted in prison.

1:1. Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy, a brother: to
Philemon, our beloved and fellow labourer,

1:2. And to Appia, our dearest sister, and to Archippus, our fellow
soldier, and to the church which is in thy house.

1:3. Grace to you and peace, from God our Father and from the Lord
Jesus Christ.

1:4. I give thanks to my God, always making a remembrance of thee in my

1:5. Hearing of thy charity and faith, which thou hast in the Lord
Jesus and towards all the saints:

1:6. That the communication of thy faith may be made evident in the
acknowledgment of every good work that is in you in Christ Jesus.

1:7. For I have had great joy and consolation in thy charity, because
the bowels of the saints have been refreshed by thee, brother.

1:8. Wherefore, though I have much confidence in Christ Jesus to
command thee that which is to the purpose:

1:9. For charity sake I rather beseech, whereas thou art such a one, as
Paul, an old man and now a prisoner also of Jesus Christ.

1:10. I beseech thee for my son, whom I have begotten in my bands,

1:11. Who hath been heretofore unprofitable to thee but now is
profitable both to me and thee:

1:12. Whom I have sent back to thee. And do thou receive him as my own

1:13. Whom I would have retained with me, that in thy stead he might
have ministered to me in the bands of the gospel.

1:14. But without thy counsel I would do nothing: that thy good deed
might not be as it were of necessity, but voluntary.

1:15. For perhaps he therefore departed for a season from thee that
thou mightest receive him again for ever:

1:16. Not now as a servant, but instead of a servant, a most dear
brother, especially to me. But how much more to thee, both in the flesh
and in the Lord?

1:17. If therefore thou count me a partner, receive him as myself.

1:18. And if he hath wronged thee in any thing or is in thy debt, put
that to my account.

1:19. I Paul have written it with my own hand: I will repay it: not to
say to thee that thou owest me thy own self also.

1:20. Yea, brother. May I enjoy thee in the Lord! Refresh my bowels in
the Lord.

1:21. Trusting in thy obedience, I have written to thee: knowing that
thou wilt also do more than I say.

1:22. But withal prepare me also a lodging. For I hope that through
your prayers I shall be given unto you.

1:23. There salute thee Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus:

1:24. Mark, Aristarchus, Demas and Luke, my fellow labourers.

1:25. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Amen.


St. Paul wrote this Epistle to the Christians in Palestine, the most
part of whom being Jews before their conversion, they were called
Hebrews. He exhorts them to be thoroughly converted and confirmed in
the faith of Christ, clearly shewing them the preeminence of Christ's
priesthood above the Levitical, and also the excellence of the new law
above the old. He commends faith by the example of the ancient fathers:
and exhorts them to patience and perseverance and to remain in
fraternal charity. It appears from chap. 13 that this Epistle was
written in Italy, and probably at Rome, about twenty-nine years after
our Lord's Ascension.

Hebrews Chapter 1

God spoke of old by the prophets, but now by his Son, who is
incomparably greater than the angels.

1:1. God, who, at sundry times and in divers manners, spoke in times
past to the fathers by the prophets, last of all,

1:2. In these days, hath spoken to us by his Son, whom he hath
appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the world.

1:3. Who being the brightness of his glory and the figure of his
substance and upholding all things by the word of his power, making
purgation of sins, sitteth on the right hand of the majesty on high:

The figure. . .that is, the express image, and most perfect resemblance.
Making purgation. . .That is, having purged away our sins by his

1:4. Being made so much better than the angels as he hath inherited a
more excellent name than they.

1:5. For to which of the angels hath he said at any time: Thou art my
Son, to-day have I begotten thee? And again: I will be to him a Father,
and he shall be to me a Son?

1:6. And again, when he bringeth in the first begotten into the world,
he saith: And let all the angels of God adore him.

1:7. And to the angels indeed he saith: He that maketh his angels
spirits and his ministers a flame of fire.

1:8. But to the Son: Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre
of justice is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

1:9. Thou hast loved justice and hated iniquity: therefore God, thy
God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

1:10. And: Thou in the beginning, O Lord, didst found the earth: and
the works of thy hands are the heavens.

1:11. They shall perish: but thou shalt continue: and they shall all
grow old as a garment.

1:12. And as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shalt be
changed. But thou art the selfsame: and thy years shall not fail.

1:13. But to which of the angels said he at any time: Sit on my right
hand, until I make thy enemies thy footstool?

1:14. Are they not all ministering spirits, sent to minister for them
who shall receive the inheritance of salvation?

Hebrews Chapter 2

The transgression of the precepts of the Son of God is far more
condemnable than of those of the Old Testament given by angels.

2:1. Therefore ought we more diligently to observe the things which we
have heard lest perhaps we should let them slip.

2:2. For if the word spoken by angels became steadfast and every
transgression and disobedience received a just recompense of reward:

2:3. How shall we escape if we neglect so great salvation? Which,
having begun to be declared by the Lord, was confirmed unto us by them
that heard him.

2:4. God also bearing them witness by signs and wonders and divers
miracles and distributions of the Holy Ghost, according to his own

2:5. For God hath not subjected unto angels the world to come, whereof
we speak.

2:6. But one in a certain place hath testified, saying: What is man,
that thou art mindful of him? Or the son of man, that thou visitest

2:7. Thou hast made him a little lower than the angels: thou hast
crowned him with glory and honour and hast set him over the works of
thy hands.

2:8. Thou hast subjected all things under his feet. For in that he hath
subjected all things to him he left nothing not subject to him. But now
we see not as yet all things subject to him.

2:9. But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels, for
the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour: that, through
the grace of God he might taste death for all.

2:10. For it became him for whom are all things and by whom are all
things, who had brought many children into glory, to perfect the author
of their salvation, by his passion.

Perfect by his passion. . .By suffering, Christ was to enter into his
glory, Luke 24.26, which the apostle here calls being made perfect.

2:11. For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all
of one. For which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,

2:12. I will declare thy name to my brethren: in the midst of the
church will I praise thee.

2:13. And again: I will put my trust in him. And again: Behold I and
my children, whom God hath given me.

2:14. Therefore because the children are partakers of flesh and blood,
he also himself in like manner hath been partaker of the same: that,
through death, he might destroy him who had the empire of death, that
is to say, the devil:

2:15. And might deliver them, who through the fear of death were all
their lifetime subject to servitude.

2:16. For nowhere doth he take hold of the angels: but of the seed of
Abraham he taketh hold.

No where doth he, etc. . .That is, he never took upon him the nature of
angels, but that of the seed of Abraham.

2:17. Wherefore, it behoved him in all things to be made like unto his
brethren, that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest
before God, that he might be a propitiation for the sins of the people.

2:18. For in that wherein he himself hath suffered and been tempted he
is able to succour them also that are tempted.

Hebrews Chapter 3

Christ is more excellent than Moses. Wherefore we must adhere to him by
faith and obedience.

3:1. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly vocation
consider the apostle and high priest of our confession, Jesus:

3:2. Who is faithful to him that made him, as was also Moses in all his

3:3. For this man was counted worthy of greater glory than Moses, by so
much as he that hath built the house hath greater honour than the

3:4. For every house is built by some man: but he that created all
things is God.

3:5. And Moses indeed was faithful in all his house as a servant, for a
testimony of those things which were to be said:

3:6. But Christ, as the Son in his own house: which house are we, if we
hold fast the confidence and glory of hope unto the end.

3:7. Wherefore, as the Holy Ghost saith: To-day if you shall hear his

3:8. Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of
temptation in the desert,

3:9. Where your fathers tempted me, proved and saw my works,

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