Part 6 out of 74
34:15. Make no covenant with the men of those countries; lest, when
they have committed fornication with their gods, and have adored their
idols, some one call thee to eat of the things sacrificed.
34:16. Neither shalt thou take of their daughters a wife for thy son,
lest after they themselves have committed fornication, they make thy
sons also to commit fornication with their gods.
34:17. Thou shalt not make to thyself any molten gods.
34:18: Thou shalt keep the feast of the unleavened bread. Seven days
shalt thou eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee in the time of the
month of the new corn: for in the month of the spring time thou camest
out from Egypt.
34:19. All of the male kind that openeth the womb, shall be mine. Of
all beasts; both of oxen and of sheep, it shall be mine.
34:20. The firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a sheep: but if
thou wilt not give a price for it, it shall be slain. The firstborn of
thy sons thou shalt redeem: neither shalt thou appear before me empty.
34:21. Six days shalt thou work, the seventh day thou shalt cease to
plough and to reap.
34:22. Thou shalt keep the feast of weeks with the firstfruits of the
corn of thy wheat harvest, and the feast when the time of the year
returneth that all things are laid in.
34:23. Three times in the year all thy males shall appear in the sight
of the almighty Lord the God of Israel.
34:24. For when I shall have taken away the nations from thy face, and
shall have enlarged thy borders, no man shall lie in wait against thy
land when thou shalt go up, and appear in the sight of the Lord thy God
thrice in a year.
34:25. Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice upon leaven;
neither shall there remain in the morning any thing of the victim of
the solemnity of the Phase.
34:26. The first of the fruits of thy ground thou shalt offer in the
house of the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not boil a kid in the milk of his
34:27. And the Lord said to Moses: Write thee these words, by which I
have made a covenant both with thee and with Israel.
34:28. And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights: he
neither ate bread nor drank water, and he wrote upon the tables the ten
words of the covenant.
34:29. And when Moses came down from the Mount Sinai, he held the two
tables of the testimony, and he knew not that his face was horned from
the conversation of the Lord.
Horned. . .That is, shining, and sending forth rays of light like horns.
34:30. And Aaron and the children of Israel seeing the face of Moses
horned, were afraid to come near.
34:31. And being called by him, they returned, both Aaron and the
rulers of the congregation. And after that he spoke to them,
34:32. And all the children of Israel came to him: and he gave them in
commandment all that he had heard of the Lord on Mount Sinai.
34:33. And having done speaking, he put a veil upon his face.
34:34. But when he went in to the Lord, and spoke with him, he took it
away until he came forth, and then he spoke to the children of Israel
all things that had been commanded him.
34:35. And they saw that the face of Moses when he came out was horned,
but he covered his face again, if at any time he spoke to them.
Exodus Chapter 35
The sabbath. Offerings for making the tabernacle. Beseleel and Ooliab
are called to the work.
35:1. And all the multitude of the children of Israel being gathered
together, he said to them: These are the things which the Lord hath
commanded to be done:
35:2. Six days you shall do work; the seventh day shall be holy unto
you, the sabbath and the rest of the Lord: he that shall do any work on
it, shall be put to death.
35:3. You shall kindle no fire in any of your habitations on the
35:4. And Moses said to all the assembly of the children of Israel:
This is the word the Lord hath commanded, saying:
35:5. Set aside with you firstfruits to the Lord. Let every one that is
willing and hath a ready heart, offer them to the Lord: gold, and
silver, and brass,
35:6. Violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen, goats'
35:7. And rams' skins dyed red, and violet coloured skins, setim wood,
35:8. And oil to maintain lights, and to make ointment, and most sweet
35:9. Onyx stones, and precious stones, for the adorning of the ephod
and the rational.
35:10. Whosoever of you is wise, let him come, and make that which the
Lord hath commanded:
35:11. To wit, the tabernacle, and the roof thereof, and the cover, the
rings, and the board-work with the bars, the pillars and the sockets:
35:12. The ark and the staves, the propitiatory, and the veil that is
drawn before it:
35:13. The table with the bars and the vessels, and the loaves of
35:14. The candlestick to bear up the lights, the vessels thereof and
the lamps, and the oil for the nourishing of fires:
35:15. The altar of incense, and the bars, and the oil of unction, and
the incense of spices: the hanging at the door of the tabernacle:
35:16. The altar of holocaust, and its grate of brass, with the bars
and vessels thereof: the laver and its foot:
35:17. The curtains of the court, with the pillars and the sockets, the
hanging in the doors of the entry.
35:18. The pins of the tabernacle, and of the court, with their little
35:19. The vestments that are to be used in the ministry of the
sanctuary, the vesture of Aaron the high priest, and of his sons, to do
the office of priesthood to me.
35:20. And all the multitude of the children of Israel going out from
the presence of Moses,
35:21. Offered firstfruits to the Lord with a most ready and devout
mind, to make the work of the tabernacle of the testimony. Whatever was
necessary to the service and to the holy vestments,
35:22. Both men and women gave bracelets and earrings, rings and
tablets: every vessel of gold was set aside to be offered to the Lord.
35:23. If any man had violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, fine
linen and goats' hair, ramskins dyed red, and violet coloured skins,
35:24. Metal of silver and brass, they offered it to the Lord, and
setim wood for divers uses.
35:25. The skilful women also gave such things as they had spun,
violet, purple, and scarlet, and fine linen,
35:26. And goats' hair, giving all of their own accord.
35:27. But the princes offered onyx stones, and precious stones, for
the ephod and the rational,
35:28. And spices and oil for the lights, and for the preparing of
ointment, and to make the incense of most sweet savour.
35:29. All, both men and women, with devout mind offered gifts, that
the works might be done which the Lord had commanded by the hand of
Moses. All the children of Israel dedicated voluntary offerings to the
35:30. And Moses said to the children of Israel: Behold, the Lord hath
called by name Beseleel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe
35:31. And hath filled him with the spirit of God, with wisdom and
understanding, and knowledge, and all learning,
35:32. To devise and to work in gold and silver and brass,
35:33. And in engraving stones, and in carpenters' work. Whatsoever can
be devised artificially,
35:34. He hath given in his heart: Ooliab also, the son of Achisamech,
of the tribe of Dan:
35:35. Both of them hath he instructed with wisdom, to do carpenters'
work, and tapestry, and embroidery in blue and purple, and scarlet
twice dyed, and fine linen, and to weave all things, and to invent all
Exodus Chapter 36
The offerings are delivered to the workmen, the curtains, coverings,
boards, bars, veil, pillars, and hanging are made.
36:1. Beseleel therefore, and Ooliab, and every wise man, to whom the
Lord gave wisdom and understanding, to know how to work artificially,
made the things that are necessary for the uses of the sanctuary, and
which the Lord commanded.
36:2. And when Moses had called them, and every skilful man, to whom
the Lord had given wisdom, and such as of their own accord had offered
themselves to the making of the work,
36:3. He delivered all the offerings of the children of Israel unto
them. And while they were earnest about the work, the people daily in
the morning offered their vows.
36:4. Whereupon the workmen being constrained to come,
36:5. Said to Moses: The people offereth more than is necessary.
36:6. Moses therefore commanded proclamation to be made by the crier's
voice: Let neither man nor woman offer any more for the work of the
sanctuary. And so they ceased from offering gifts,
36:7. Because the things that were offered did suffice, and were too
36:8. And all the men that were wise of heart, to accomplish the work
of the tabernacle, made ten curtains of twisted fine linen, and violet,
and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, with varied work, and the art of
36:9. The length of one curtain was twenty-eight cubits, and the
breadth four: all the curtains were of the same size.
36:10. And he joined five curtains, one to another, and the other five
he coupled one to another.
36:11. He made also loops of violet in the edge of one curtain on both
sides, and in the edge of the other curtain in like manner,
36:12. That the loops might meet one against another, and might be
joined each with the other.
36:13. Whereupon also he cast fifty rings of gold, that might catch the
loops of the curtains, and they might be made one tabernacle.
36:14. He made also eleven curtains of goats' hair, to cover the roof
of the tabernacle:
36:15. One curtain was thirty cubits long, and four cubits broad: all
the curtains were of one measure.
36:16. Five of which he joined apart, and the other six apart.
36:17. And he made fifty loops in the edge of one curtain, and fifty in
the edge of another curtain, that they might be joined one to another.
36:18. And fifty buckles of brass wherewith the roof might be knit
together, that of all the curtains there might be made one covering.
36:19. He made also a cover for the tabernacle of rams' skins dyed red;
and another cover over that of violet skins.
36:20. He made also the boards of the tabernacle of setim wood
36:21. The length of one board was ten cubits; and the breadth was one
cubit and a half.
36:22. There were two mortises throughout every board, that one might
be joined to the other. And in this manner he made for all the boards
of the tabernacle.
36:23. Of which twenty were at the south side southward,
36:24. With forty sockets of silver, two sockets were put under one
board on the two sides of the corners, where the mortises of the sides
end in the corners.
36:25. At that side also of the tabernacle, that looketh towards the
north, he made twenty boards,
36:26. With forty sockets of silver, two sockets for every board.
36:27. But against the west, to wit, at that side of the tabernacle,
which looketh to the sea, he made six boards,
36:28. And two others at each corner of the tabernacle behind:
36:29. Which were also joined from beneath unto the top, and went
together into one joint. Thus he did on both sides at the corners:
36:30. So there were in all eight boards, and they had sixteen sockets
of silver, to wit, two sockets under every board.
36:31. He made also bars of setim wood, five to hold together the
boards of one side of the tabernacle,
36:32. And five others to join together the boards of the other side;
and besides these, five other bars at the west side of the tabernacle
towards the sea.
36:33. He made also another bar, that might come by the midst of the
boards from corner to corner.
36:34. And the boards themselves he overlaid with gold casting for them
sockets of silver. And their rings he made of gold, through which the
bars might be drawn: and he covered the bars themselves with plates of
36:35. He made also a veil of violet, and purple, scarlet and fine
twisted linen, varied and distinguished with embroidery:
36:36. And four pillars of setim wood, which with their heads he
overlaid with gold, casting for them sockets of silver.
36:37. He made also a hanging in the entry of the tabernacle of violet,
purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen, with the work of an
36:38. And five pillars with their heads, which he covered with gold,
and their sockets he cast of brass.
Exodus Chapter 37
Beseleel maketh the ark: the propitiatory, and cherubims, the table,
the candlestick, the lamps, and the altar of incense, and compoundeth
37:1. And Beseleel made also, the ark of setim wood: it was two cubits
and a half in length, and a cubit and a half in breadth, and the height
was of one cubit and a half: and he overlaid it with the purest gold
within and without.
37:2. And he made to it a crown of gold round about,
37:3. Casting four rings of gold at the four corners thereof: two rings
in one side, and two in the other.
37:4. And he made bars of setim wood, which he overlaid with gold,
37:5. And he put them into the rings that were at the sides of the ark
to carry it.
37:6. He made also the propitiatory, that is, the oracle, of the purest
gold, two cubits and a half in length, and a cubit and a half in
37:7. Two cherubims also of beaten gold, which he set on the two sides
of the propitiatory:
37:8. One cherub in the top of one side, and the other cherub in the
top of the other side: two cherubims at the two ends of the
37:9. Spreading their wings, and covering the propitiatory, and looking
one towards the other, and towards it.
37:10. He made also the table of setim wood, in length two cubits, and
in breadth one cubit, and in height it was a cubit and a half.
37:11. And he overlaid it with the finest gold, and he made to it a
golden ledge round about,
37:12. And to the ledge itself he made a polished crown of gold, of
four fingers breadth, and upon the same another golden crown.
37:13. And he cast four rings of gold, which he put in the four corners
at each foot of the table,
37:14. Over against the crown: and he put the bars into them, that the
table might be carried.
37:15. The bars also themselves he made of setim wood, and overlaid
them with gold.
37:16. And the vessels for the divers uses of the table, dishes, bowls,
and cups, and censers of pure gold, wherein the libations are to be
37:17. He made also the candlestick of beaten work of the finest gold.
from the shaft whereof its branches, its cups, and bowls, and lilies
37:18: Six on the two sides: three branches on one side, and three on
37:19. Three cups in manner of a nut on each branch, and bowls withal
and lilies: and three cups of the fashion of a nut in another branch,
and bowls withal and lilies. The work of the six branches, that went
out from the shaft of the candlestick was equal.
37:20. And in the shaft itself were four cups after the manner of a
nut, and bowls withal at every one, and lilies:
37:21. And bowls under two branches in three places, which together
made six branches going out from one shaft.
37:22. So both the bowls, and the branches were of the same, all beaten
work of the purest gold.
37:23. He made also the seven lamps with their snuffers, and the
vessels where the snuffings were to be put out, of the purest gold.
37:24. The candlestick with all the vessels thereof weighed a talent of
37:25. He made also the alter of incense of setim wood, being a cubit
on every side foursquare, and in height two cubits: from the corners of
which went out horns.
37:26. And he overlaid it with the purest gold, with its grate, and the
sides, and the horns.
37:27. And he made to it a crown of gold round about, and two golden
rings under the crown at each side, that the bars might be put into
them, and the altar be carried.
37:28. And the bars themselves he made also of setim wood, and overlaid
them with plates of gold.
37:29. He compounded also the oil for the ointment of sanctification,
and incense of the purest spices, according to the work of a perfumer.
Exodus Chapter 38
He maketh the altar of holocaust. The brazen laver. The court with its
pillars and hangings. The sum of what the people offered.
38:1. He made also the altar of holocaust of setim wood, five cubits
square, and three in height:
38:2. The horns whereof went out from the corners, and he overlaid it
with plates of brass.
38:3. And for the uses thereof, he prepared divers vessels of brass,
cauldrons, tongs, fleshhooks, pothooks and firepans.
38:4. And he made the grate thereof of brass, in manner of a net, and
under it in the midst of the altar a hearth,
38:5. Casting four rings at the four ends of the net at the top, to put
in bars to carry it:
38:6. And he made the bars of setim wood, and overlaid them with plates
38:7. And he drew them through the rings that stood out in the sides of
the altar. And the altar itself was not solid, but hollow, of boards,
and empty within.
38:8. He made also the laver of brass, with the foot thereof, of the
mirrors of the women that watched at the door of the tabernacle.
38:9. He made also the court, in the south side whereof were hangings
of fine twisted linen of a hundred cubits.
38:10. Twenty pillars of brass with their sockets, the beads of the
pillars, and the whole graving of the work, of silver.
38:11. In like manner at the north side the hangings, the pillars, and
the sockets and heads of the pillars were of the same measure, and work
38:12. But on that side that looketh to the west, there were hangings
of fifty cubits, ten pillars of brass with their sockets, and the heads
of the pillars, and all the graving of the work, of silver.
38:13. Moreover, towards the east he prepared hangings of fifty cubits:
38:14. Fifteen cubits of which, were on one side with three pillars,
and their sockets:
38:15. And on the other side (for between the two he made the entry of
the tabernacle) there were hangings equally of fifteen cubits, and
three pillars, and as many sockets.
38:16. All the hangings of the court were woven with twisted linen.
38:17. The sockets of the pillars were of brass, and their heads with
all their gravings of silver: and he overlaid the pillars of the court
also with silver.
38:18. And he made in the entry thereof an embroidered hanging of
violet, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen, that was twenty cubits
long, and five cubits high, according to the measure of all the
hangings of the court.
38:19. And the pillars in the entry were four, with sockets of brass,
and their heads and gravings of silver.
38:20. The pins also of the tabernacle and of the court round about he
made of brass.
38:21. These are the instruments of the tabernacle of the testimony,
which were counted according to the commandment of Moses, in the
ceremonies of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son of Aaron the
38:22. Which Beseleel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur of the tribe of
Juda, had made, as the Lord commanded by Moses.
38:23. Having for his companion Ooliab, the son of Achisamech, of the
tribe of Dan: who also was an excellent artificer in wood, and worker
in tapestry and embroidery in violet, purple, scarlet, and fine linen.
38:24. All the gold that was spent in the work of the sanctuary, and
that was offered in gifts, was nine and twenty talents, and seven
hundred and thirty sicles according to the standard of the sanctuary.
38:25. And it was offered by them that went to be numbered, from twenty
years old and upwards, of six hundred and three thousand five hundred
and fifty men able to bear arms.
38:26. There were moreover a hundred talents of silver, whereof were
cast the sockets of the sanctuary, and of the entry where the veil
38:27. A hundred sockets were made of a hundred talents, one talent
being reckoned for every socket.
38:28. And of the thousand seven hundred and seventy-five he made the
heads of the pillars, which also he overlaid with silver.
38:29. And there were offered of brass also seventy-two thousand
talents, and four hundred sicles besides,
38:30. Of which were cast the sockets in the entry of the tabernacle of
the testimony, and the altar of brass with the grate thereof, and also
the vessels that belong to the use thereof.
38:31. And the sockets of the court as well round about as in the entry
thereof, and the pins of the tabernacle, and of the court round about.
Exodus Chapter 39
All the ornaments of Aaron and his sons are made. And the whole work of
the tabernacle is finished.
39:1. And he made, of violet and purple, scarlet and fine linen, the
vestments for Aaron to wear when he ministered in the holy places, as
the Lord commanded Moses.
39:2. So he made an ephod of gold, violet, and purple, and scarlet
twice dyed, and fine twisted linen,
39:3. With embroidered work, and he cut thin plates of gold, and drew
them small into threads, that they might be twisted with the woof of
the foresaid colours,
39:4. And two borders coupled one to the other in the top on either
39:5. And a girdle of the same colours, as the Lord had commanded
39:6. He prepared also two onyx stones, fast set and closed in gold,
and graven, by the art of a lapidary, with the names of the children of
39:7. And he set them in the sides of the ephod, for a memorial of the
children of Israel, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
39:8. He made also a rational with embroidered work, according to the
work of the ephod, of gold, violet, purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and
fine twisted linen:
39:9. Foursquare, double, of the measure of a span.
39:10. And he set four rows of precious stones in it. In the first row
was a sardius, a topaz, an emerald.
39:11. In the second, a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a jasper.
39:12. In the third, a ligurius, an agate, and an amethyst.
39:13. In the fourth, a chrysolite, an onyx, and a beryl, set and
enclosed in gold by their rows.
39:14. And the twelve stones, were engraved with the names of the
twelve tribes of Israel, each one with its several name.
39:15. They made also in the rational little chains, linked one to
another, of the purest gold,
39:16. And two hooks, and as many rings of gold. And they set the rings
on either side of the rational,
39:17. On which rings the two golden chains should hang, which they put
into the hooks that stood out in the corners of the ephod.
39:18. These both before and behind so answered one another, that the
ephod and the rational were bound together,
39:19. Being fastened to the girdle, and strongly coupled with rings,
which a violet fillet joined, lest they should flag loose, and be moved
one from the other, as the Lord commanded Moses.
39:20. They made also the tunic of the ephod all of violet,
39:21. And a hole for the head in the upper part at the middle, and a
woven border round about the hole:
39:22. And beneath at the feet pomegranates of violet, purple, scarlet,
and fine twisted linen:
39:23. And little bells of the purest gold, which they put between the
pomegranates at the bottom of the tunic round about:
39:24. To wit, a bell of gold, and a pomegranate, wherewith the high
priest went adorned, when he discharged his ministry, as the Lord had
39:25. They made also fine linen tunics with woven work for Aaron and
39:26. And mitres with their little crowns of fine linen:
39:27. And linen breeches of fine linen:
39:28. And a girdle of fine twisted linen, violet, purple, and scarlet
twice dyed, of embroidery work, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
39:29. They made also the plate of sacred veneration of the purest
gold, and they wrote on it with the engraving of a lapidary: The Holy
of the Lord:
39:30. And they fastened it to the mitre with a violet fillet, as the
Lord had commanded Moses.
39:31. So all the work of the tabernacle and of the roof of the
testimony was finished: and the children of Israel did all things which
the Lord had commanded Moses.
39:32. And they offered the tabernacle, and the roof, and the whole
furniture, the rings, the boards, the bars, the pillars and their
39:33. The cover of rams' skins dyed red, and the other cover of violet
39:34. The veil, the ark, the bars, the propitiatory,
39:35. The table, with the vessels thereof, and the loaves of
39:36. The candlestick, the lamps, and the furniture of them, with the
39:37. The altar of gold, and the ointment, and the incense of spices:
39:38. And the hanging in the entry of the tabernacle:
39:39. The altar of brass, the grate, the bars, and all the vessels
thereof: the laver, with the foot thereof: the hangings of the court,
and the pillars, with their sockets:
39:40. The hanging in the entry of the court, and the little cords, and
the pins thereof. Nothing was wanting of the vessels, that were
commanded to be made for the ministry of the tabernacle, and for the
roof of the covenant.
39:41. The vestments also, which the priests, to wit, Aaron and his
sons, use in the sanctuary,
39:42. The children of Israel offered, as the Lord had commanded.
39:43. And when Moses saw all things finished, he blessed them.
Exodus Chapter 40
The tabernacle is commanded to be set up and anointed. God filleth it
with his majesty.
40:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
40:2. The first month, the first day of the month, thou shalt set up
the tabernacle of the testimony,
40:3. And shalt put the ark in it, and shalt let down the veil before
40:4. And thou shalt bring in the table, and set upon it the things
that are commanded according to the rite. The candlestick shall stand
with its lamps,
40:5. And the altar of gold, whereon the incense is burnt before the
ark of the testimony. Thou shalt put the hanging in the entry of the
40:6. And before it the altar of holocaust.
40:7. The laver between the altar and the tabernacle, and thou shalt
fill it with water.
40:8. And thou shalt encompass the court with hangings, and the entry
40:9. And thou shalt take the oil of unction and anoint the tabernacle
with its vessels, that they may be sanctified:
40:10. The altar of holocaust and all its vessels:
40:11. The laver with its foot: thou shalt consecrate all with the oil
of unction, that they may be most holy.
40:12. And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the
tabernacle of the testimony, and having washed them with water,
40:13. Thou shalt put on them the holy vestments, that they may
minister to me, and that the unction of them may prosper to an
40:14. And Moses did all that the Lord had commanded.
40:15. So in the first month of the second year, the first day of the
month, the tabernacle was set up.
40:16. And Moses reared it up, and placed the boards and the sockets
and the bars, and set up the pillars,
40:17. And spread the roof over the tabernacle, putting over it a
cover, as the Lord had commanded.
40:18. And he put the testimony in the ark, thrusting bars underneath,
and the oracle above.
40:19. And when he had brought the ark into the tabernacle, he drew the
veil before it to fulfil the commandment of the Lord.
40:20. And he set the table in the tabernacle of the testimony, at the
north side, without the veil,
40:21. Setting there in order the loaves of proposition, as the Lord
had commanded Moses.
40:22. He set the candlestick also in the tabernacle of the testimony,
over against the table on the south side,
40:23. Placing the lamps in order, according to the precept of the
40:24. He set also the altar of gold under the roof of the testimony,
over against the veil,
40:25. And burnt upon it the incense of spices, as the Lord had
40:26. And he put also the hanging in the entry of the tabernacle of
40:27. And the altar of holocaust in the entry of the testimony,
offering the holocaust, and the sacrifices upon it, as the Lord had
40:28. And he set the laver between the tabernacle of the testimony and
the altar, filling it with water.
40:29. And Moses and Aaron, and his sons, washed their hands and feet,
40:30. When they went into the tabernacle of the covenant, and went to
the altar, as the Lord had commanded Moses.
40:31. He set up also the court round about the tabernacle and the
altar, drawing the hanging in the entry thereof. After all things were
40:32. The cloud covered the tabernacle of the testimony, and the glory
of the Lord filled it.
40:33. Neither could Moses go into the tabernacle of the covenant, the
cloud covering all things, and the majesty of the Lord shining, for the
cloud had covered all.
40:34. If at any time the cloud removed from the tabernacle, the
children of Israel went forward by their troops:
40:35. If it hung over, they remained in the same place.
40:36. For the cloud of the Lord hung over the tabernacle by day, and a
fire by night, in the sight of all the children of Israel throughout
all their mansions.
THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS
This Book is called LEVITICUS, because it treats of the Offices,
Ministries, Rites and Ceremonies of the Priests and Levites. The
Hebrews call it VAICRA, from the word with which it begins.
Leviticus Chapter 1
Of holocausts or burnt offerings.
1:1. And the Lord called Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of
the testimony, saying:
1:2. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The
man among you that shall offer to the Lord a sacrifice of the cattle,
that is, offering victims of oxen and sheep:
1:3. If his offering be a holocaust, and of the herd, he shall offer a
male without blemish, at the door of the testimony, to make the Lord
favourable to him.
A holocaust. . .That is, a whole burnt offering (olokauston), so called,
because the whole victim was consumed with fire; and given in such
manner to God as wholly to evaporate, as it were, for his honour and
glory; without having any part of it reserved for the use of man. The
other sacrifices in the Old Testament were either offerings for sin, or
peace offerings: and these latter again were either offered in
thanksgiving for blessings received; or by way of prayer for new
favours or graces. So that sacrifices were then offered to God for four
different ends or intentions, answerable to the different obligations
which man has to God: 1. By way of adoration, homage, praise, and glory
due to his divine majesty. 2. By way of thanksgiving for all benefits
received from him. 3. By way of confessing and craving pardon for sins.
4. By way of prayer and petition for grace and relief in all
necessities. In the New Law we have but one sacrifice, viz., that of
the body and blood of Christ: but this one sacrifice of the New
Testament perfectly answers all these four ends; and both priest and
people, as often as it is celebrated, ought to join in offering it up
for these four ends.
1:4. And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim: and it
shall be acceptable, and help to its expiation.
1:5. And he shall immolate the calf before the Lord: and the priests
the sons of Aaron shall offer the blood thereof, pouring it round about
the altar, which is before the door of the tabernacle.
1:6. And when they have flayed the victim, they shall cut the joints
1:7. And shall put fire on the altar, having before laid in order a
pile of wood.
1:8. And they shall lay the parts that are cut out in order thereupon:
to wit, the head, and all things that cleave to the liver;
1:9. The entrails and feet being washed with water. And the priest
shall burn them upon the altar for a holocaust, and a sweet savour to
1:10. And if the offering be of the flocks, a holocaust of sheep or of
goats, he shall offer a male without blemish.
1:11. And he shall immolate it at the side of the altar that looketh to
the north, before the Lord: but the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood
thereof upon the altar round about.
1:12. And they shall divide the joints, the head, and all that cleave
to the liver: and shall lay them upon the wood, under which the fire is
to be put.
1:13. But the entrails and the feet they shall wash with water. And the
priest shall offer it all and burn it all upon the altar for a
holocaust, and most sweet savour to the Lord.
1:14. But if the oblation of a holocaust to the Lord be of birds, of
turtles, or of young pigeons:
1:15. The priest shall offer it at the altar: and twisting back the
neck, and breaking the place of the wound, he shall make the blood run
down upon the brim of the altar.
1:16. But the crop of the throat, and the feathers he shall cast beside
the altar at the east side, in the place where the ashes are wont to be
1:17. And he shall break the pinions thereof, and shall not cut, nor
divide it with a knife: and shall burn it upon the altar, putting fire
under the wood. It is a holocaust and oblation of most sweet savour to
Leviticus Chapter 2
Of offerings of flour, and firstfruits.
2:1. When any one shall offer an oblation of sacrifice to the Lord, his
offering shall be of fine flour: and he shall pour oil upon it, and put
2:2. And shall bring it to the sons of Aaron the priests. And one of
them shall take a handful of the flour and oil, and all the
frankincense; and shall put it a memorial upon the altar for a most
sweet savour to the Lord.
2:3. And the remnant of the sacrifice shall be Aaron's, and his sons',
holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord.
Holy of holies. . .That is, most holy, as being dedicated to God, and
set aside by his ordinance for the use of his priests.
2:4. But when thou offerest a sacrifice baked in the oven of flour, to
wit, loaves without leaven, tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers,
anointed with oil:
2:5. If thy oblation be from the fryingpan, of flour tempered with oil,
and without leaven:
2:6. Thou shalt divide it into little pieces, and
shalt pour oil upon it.
2:7. And if the sacrifice be from the gridiron, in like manner the
flour shall be tempered with oil.
2:8. And when thou offerest it to the Lord, thou shalt deliver it to
the hands of the priest.
2:9. And when he hath offered it, he shall take a memorial out of the
sacrifice, and burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour to the Lord.
2:10. And whatsoever is left, shall be Aaron's, and his sons': holy of
holies of the offerings of the Lord.
2:11. Every oblation that is offered to the Lord shall be made without
leaven: neither shall any leaven or honey be burnt in the sacrifice to
Without leaven or honey. . .No leaven nor honey was to be used in the
sacrifice offered to God; to signify that we are to exclude from the
pure worship of the gospel, all double dealing and affection to carnal
2:12. You shall offer only the firstfruits of them and gifts: but they
shall not be put upon the altar, for a savour of sweetness.
2:13. Whatsoever sacrifice thou offerest, thou shalt season it with
salt: neither shalt thou take away the salt of the covenant of thy God
from thy sacrifice. In all thy oblations thou shalt offer salt.
Salt. . .In every sacrifice salt was to be used, which is an emblem of
wisdom and discretion, without which none of our performances are
agreeable to God.
2:14. But if thou offer a gift of the firstfruits of thy corn to the
Lord, of the ears yet green, thou shalt dry it at the fire, and break
it small like meal; and so shalt thou offer thy firstfruits to the
2:15. Pouring oil upon it and putting on frankincense, because it is
the oblation of the Lord.
2:16. Whereof the priest shall burn for a memorial of the gift, part of
the corn broken small and of the oil, and all the frankincense.
Leviticus Chapter 3
Of peace offerings.
3:1. And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offerings, and he will
offer of the herd, whether male or female: he shall offer them without
blemish before the Lord.
Peace offerings. . .Peace, in the scripture language, signifies
happiness, welfare or prosperity; in a word, all kind of
blessings.--Such sacrifices, therefore, as were offered either on
occasion of blessings received, or to obtain new favours, were called
pacific or peace offerings. In these, some part of the victim was
consumed with fire on the altar of God; other parts were eaten by the
priests and by the persons for whom the sacrifice was offered.
3:2. And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his victim, which shall
be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony: and the sons
of Aaron the priests shall pour the blood round about upon the altar.
3:3. And they shall offer of the sacrifice of peace offerings, for an
oblation to the Lord: the fat that covereth the entrails, and all the
fat that is within,
3:4. The two kidneys with the fat wherewith the flanks are covered, and
the caul of the liver with the two little kidneys.
3:5. And they shall burn them upon the altar, for a holocaust, putting
fire under the wood: for an oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord.
3:6. But if his oblation and the sacrifice of peace offering be of the
flock, whether he offer male or female, they shall be without blemish.
3:7. If he offer a lamb before the Lord:
3:8. He shall put his hand upon the head of the victim. And it shall be
slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony: and the sons of
Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar.
3:9. And they shall offer of the victim of peace offerings, a sacrifice
to the Lord: the fat and the whole rump,
3:10. With the kidneys, and the fat that covereth the belly and all the
vitals and both the little kidneys, with the fat that is about the
flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys.
3:11. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of
the fire, and of the oblation of the Lord.
3:12. If his offering be a goat, and he offer it to the Lord:
3:13. He shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and shall immolate
it in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony. And the sons of
Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar.
3:14. And they shall take of it for the food of the Lord's fire, the
fat that covereth the belly, and that covereth all the vital parts:
3:15. The two little kidneys with the caul that is upon them which is
by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys.
3:16. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of
the fire, and of a most sweet savour. All the fat shall be the Lord's.
3:17. By a perpetual law for your generations, and in all your
habitations: neither blood nor fat shall you eat at all.
Fat. . .It is meant of the fat, which by the prescription of the law was
to be offered on God's altar; not of the fat of meat, such as we
Leviticus Chapter 4
Of offerings for sins of ignorance.
4:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
4:2. Say to the children of Israel: The soul that sinneth through
ignorance, and doth any thing concerning any of the commandments of the
Lord, which he commanded not to be done:
Ignorance. . .To be ignorant of what we are bound to know is sinful; and
for such culpable ignorance, these sacrifices, prescribed in this and
the following chapter, were appointed.
4:3. If the priest that is anointed shall sin, making the people to
offend, he shall offer to the Lord for his sin a calf without blemish.
4:4. And he shall bring it to the door of the testimony before the
Lord: and shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall sacrifice
it to the Lord.
4:5. He shall take also of the blood of the calf: and carry it into the
tabernacle of the testimony.
The blood. . .As the figure of the blood of Christ shed for the
remission of our sins, and carried by him into the sanctuary of heaven.
4:6. And having dipped his finger in the blood, he shall sprinkle with
it seven times before the Lord, before the veil of the sanctuary.
4:7. And he shall put some of the same blood upon the horns of the
altar of the sweet incense most acceptable to the Lord, which is in the
tabernacle of the testimony. And he shall pour all the rest of the
blood at the foot of the altar of holocaust in the entry of the
4:8. And he shall take off the fat of the calf for the sin offering, as
well that which covereth the entrails, as all the inwards:
4:9. The two little kidneys, and the caul that is upon them, which is
by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys:
4:10. As it is taken off from the calf of the sacrifice of peace
offerings. And he shall burn them upon the altar of holocaust.
4:11. But the skin and all the flesh with the head and the feet and the
bowels and the dung:
4:12. And the rest of the body, he shall carry forth without the camp
into a clean place where the ashes are wont to be poured out: and he
shall burn them upon a pile of wood. They shall be burnt in the place
where the ashes are poured out.
4:13. And if all the multitude of Israel shall be ignorant, and through
ignorance shall do that which is against the commandment of the Lord,
4:14. And afterwards shall understand their sin: they shall offer for
their sin a calf, and shall bring it to the door of the tabernacle.
4:15. And the ancients of the people shall put their hands upon the
head thereof before the Lord. And the calf being immolated in the sight
of the Lord:
4:16. The priest that is anointed shall carry of the blood into the
tabernacle of the testimony.
4:17. And shall dip his finger in it and sprinkle it seven times before
4:18. And he shall put of the same blood on the horns of the altar that
is before the Lord, in the tabernacle of the testimony. And the rest of
the blood he shall pour at the foot of the altar of holocaust, which is
at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony.
4:19. And all the fat thereof he shall take off, and shall burn it upon
4:20. Doing so with this calf, as he did also with that before. And the
priest praying for them, the Lord will be merciful unto them.
4:21. But the calf itself he shall carry forth without the camp, and
shall burn it as he did the former calf: because it is for the sin of
4:22. If a prince shall sin, and through ignorance do any one of the
things that the law of the Lord forbiddeth,
4:23. And afterwards shall come to know his sin: he shall offer a buck
goat without blemish, a sacrifice to the Lord.
4:24. And he shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and when he hath
immolated it in the place where the holocaust is wont to be slain
before the Lord, because it is for sin,
4:25. The priest shall dip his finger in the blood of the victim for
sin, touching therewith the horns of the altar of holocaust, and
pouring out the rest at the foot thereof.
4:26. But the fat he shall burn upon it, as is wont to be done with the
victims of peace offerings. And the priest shall pray for him, and for
his sin: and it shall be forgiven him.
4:27. And if any one of the people of the land shall sin through
ignorance, doing any of those things that by the law of the Lord are
forbidden, and offending,
4:28. And shall come to know his sin: he shall offer a she goat without
4:29. And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim that is for
sin: and shall immolate it in the place of the holocaust.
4:30. And the priest shall take of the blood with his finger, and shall
touch the horns of the altar of holocaust: and shall pour out the rest
at the foot thereof.
4:31. But taking off all the fat, as is wont to be taken away of the
victims of peace offerings, he shall burn it upon the altar, for a
sweet savour to the Lord: and he shall pray for him, and it shall be
4:32. But if he offer of the flock a victim for his sin, to wit, an ewe
4:33. He shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall immolate
it in the place where the victims of holocausts are wont to be slain.
4:34. And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger,
and shall touch the horns of the altar of holocaust: and the rest he
shall pour out at the foot thereof.
4:35. All the fat also he shall take off, as the fat of the ram that is
offered for peace offerings is wont to be taken away: and shall burn it
upon the altar, for a burnt sacrifice of the Lord. And he shall pray
for him and his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
Leviticus Chapter 5
Of other sacrifices for sins.
5:1. If any one sin, and hear the voice of one swearing, and is a
witness either because he himself hath seen, or is privy to it: if he
do not utter it, he shall bear his iniquity.
5:2. Whosoever toucheth any unclean thing, either that which hath been
killed by a beast, or died of itself, or any other creeping thing: and
forgetteth his uncleanness, he is guilty, and hath offended.
5:3. And if he touch any thing of the uncleanness of man, according to
any uncleanness wherewith he is wont to be defiled: and having
forgotten it, come afterwards to know it, he shall be guilty of an
5:4. The person that sweareth, and uttereth with his lips, that he
would do either evil or good, and bindeth the same with an oath, and
his word: and having forgotten it afterwards understandeth his offence,
5:5. Let him do penance for his sin:
5:6. And offer of the flocks an ewe lamb, or a she goat, and the priest
shall pray for him and for his sin.
5:7. But if he be not able to offer a beast, let him offer two turtles,
or two young pigeons to the Lord, one for sin, and the other for a
5:8. And he shall give them to the priest: who shall offer the first
for sin, and twist back the head of it to the little pinions, so that
it stick to the neck, and be not altogether broken off.
5:9. And of its blood he shall sprinkle the side of the altar: and
whatever is left, he shall let it drop at the bottom thereof, because
it is for sin.
5:10. And the other he shall burn for a holocaust, as is wont to be
done. And the priest shall pray for him, and for his sin, and it shall
be forgiven him.
5:11. And if his hand be not able to offer two turtles, or two young
pigeons, he shall offer for his sin the tenth part of an ephi of flour.
He shall not put oil upon it, nor put any frankincense thereon, because
it is for sin.
5:12. And he shall deliver it to the priest, who shall take a handful
thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar for a memorial of him that
5:13. Praying for him and making atonement. But the part that is left,
he himself shall have for a gift.
5:14. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
5:15. If any one shall sin through mistake, transgressing the
ceremonies in those things that are sacrificed to the Lord, he shall
offer for his offence a ram without blemish out of the flocks, that may
be bought for two sicles, according to the weight of the sanctuary.
5:16. And he shall make good the damage itself which he hath done, and
shall add the fifth part besides, delivering it to the priest, who
shall pray for him, offering the ram: and it shall be forgiven him.
5:17. If any one sin through ignorance, and do one of those things
which by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and being guilty of sin,
understand his iniquity:
5:18. He shall offer of the flocks a ram without blemish to the priest,
according to the measure and estimation of the sin. And the priest
shall pray for him, because he did it ignorantly: And it shall be
5:19. Because by mistake he trespassed against the Lord.
Leviticus Chapter 6
Oblation for sins of injustice: ordinances concerning the holocausts
and the perpetual fire: the sacrifices of the priests, and the sin
6:1. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
6:2. Whosoever shall sin, and despising the Lord, shall deny to his
neighbour the thing delivered to his keeping, which was committed to
his trust; or shall by force extort any thing, or commit oppression;
6:3. Or shall find a thing lost, and denying it, shall also swear
falsely, or shall do any other of the many things, wherein men are wont
6:4. Being convicted of the offence, he shall restore
6:5. All that he would have gotten by fraud, in the principal, and the
fifth part besides, to the owner, whom he wronged.
6:6. Moreover for his sin he shall offer a ram without blemish out of
the flock: and shall give it to the priest, according to the estimation
and measure of the offence.
6:7. And he shall pray for him before the Lord: and he shall have
forgiveness for every thing in doing of which he bath sinned.
6:8. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
6:9. Command Aaron and his sons: This is the law of a holocaust. It
shall be burnt upon the altar, all night until morning: the fire shall
be of the same altar.
6:10. The priest shall be vested with the tunick and the linen
breeches; and he shall take up the ashes of that which the devouring
fire hath burnt: and putting them beside the altar,
6:11. Shall put off his former vestments, and being clothed with
others, shall carry them forth without the camp, and shall cause them
to be consumed to dust in a very clean place.
6:12. And the fire on the altar shall always burn, and the priest shall
feed it, putting wood on it every day in the morning: and laying on the
holocaust, shall burn thereupon the fat of the peace offerings.
6:13. This is the perpetual fire which shall never go out on the altar.
The perpetual fire. . .This fire came from heaven, (infra. chap. 9.24,)
and was always kept burning on the altar, as a figure of the heavenly
fire of divine love, which ought to be always burning in the heart of a
6:14. This is the law of the sacrifice and libations, which the
children of Aaron shall offer before the Lord, and before the altar.
6:15. The priest shall take a handful of the flour that is tempered
with oil, and all the frankincense that is put upon the flour: and he
shall burn on the altar for a memorial of most sweet odour to the Lord.
6:16. And the part of the flour that is left, Aaron and his sons shall
eat, without leaven: and he shall eat it in the holy place of the court
of the tabernacle.
6:17. And therefore it shall not be leavened, because part thereof is
offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord. It shall be most holy, as
that which is offered for sin and for trespass.
6:18. The males only of the race of Aaron shall eat it. It shall be an
ordinance everlasting in your generations concerning the sacrifices of
the Lord: Every one that toucheth them shall be sanctified.
6:19. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
6:20. This is the oblation of Aaron, and of his sons, which they must
offer to the Lord, in the day of their anointing. They shall offer the
tenth part of an ephi of flour for a perpetual sacrifice, half of it in
the morning, and half of it in the evening.
6:21. It shall be tempered with oil, and shall be fried in a fryingpan.
6:22. And the priest that rightfully succeedeth his father, shall offer
it hot, for a most sweet odour to the Lord: and it shall he wholly
burnt on the altar.
6:23. For every sacrifice of the priest shall be consumed with fire:
neither shall any man eat thereof.
6:24. And the Lord spoke to Moses. saying:
6:25. Say to Aaron and his sons: This is the law of the victim for sin.
In the place where the holocaust is offered, it shall be immolated
before the Lord. It is holy of holies.
6:26. The priest that offereth it, shall eat it in a holy place, in the
court of the tabernacle.
6:27. Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof, shall be sanctified. If
a garment be sprinkled with the blood thereof, it shall be washed in a
6:28. And the earthen vessel, wherein it was sodden, shall be broken:
but if the vessel be of brass, it shall be scoured, and washed with
6:29. Every male of the priestly race shall eat of the flesh thereof,
because it is holy of holies.
6:30. For the victim that is slain for sin, the blood of which is
carried into the tabernacle of the testimony to make atonement in the
sanctuary, shall not be eaten, but shall be burnt with fire.
Leviticus Chapter 7
Of sacrifices for trespasses and thanks offerings. No fat nor blood is
to be eaten.
7:1. This also is the law of the sacrifice for a trespass: it is most
Trespass. . .Trespasses, for which these offerings were to be made, were
lesser offences than those for which the sin offerings were appointed.
7:2. Therefore where the holocaust is immolated, the victim also for a
trespass shall be slain: the blood thereof shall be poured round about
7:3. They shall offer thereof the rump and the fat that covereth the
7:4. The two little kidneys, and the fat which is by the flanks, and
the caul of the liver with the little kidneys.
7:5. And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the burnt
sacrifice of the Lord for a trespass.
7:6. Every male of the priestly race, shall eat this flesh in a holy
place, because it is most holy.
7:7. As the sacrifice for sin is offered, so is also that for a
trespass: the same shall be the law of both these sacrifices. It shall
belong to the priest that offereth it.
7:8. The priest that offereth the victim of holocaust, shall have the
7:9. And every sacrifice of flour that is baked in the oven, and
whatsoever is dressed on the gridiron, or in the fryingpan, shall be
the priest's that offereth it.
7:10. Whether they be tempered with oil, or dry, all the sons of Aaron
shall have one as much as another.
7:11. This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings that is
offered to the Lord.
7:12. If the oblation be for thanksgiving, they shall offer loaves
without leaven tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with
oil, and fine flour fried, and cakes tempered and mingled with oil.
7:13. Moreover loaves of leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanks,
which is offered for peace offerings:
7:14. Of which one shall be offered to the Lord for firstfruits, and
shall be the priest's that shall pour out the blood of the victim.
7:15. And the flesh of it shall be eaten the same day: neither shall
any of it remain until the morning.
7:16. If any man by vow, or of his own accord offer a sacrifice, it
shall in like manner be eaten the same day. And if any of it remain
until the morrow, it is lawful to eat it.
7:17. But whatsoever shall be found on the third day shall be consumed
7:18. If any man eat of the flesh of the victim of peace offerings on
the third day, the oblation shall be of no effect: neither shall it
profit the offerer. Yea rather, whatsoever soul shall defile itself
with such meat, shall be guilty of transgression.
7:19. The flesh that hath touched any unclean thing, shall not be
eaten: but shall be burnt with fire. He that is clean shall eat of it.
7:20. If any one that is defiled shall eat of the flesh of the
sacrifice of peace offerings, which is offered to the Lord, he shall be
cut off from his people.
7:21. And he that hath touched the uncleanness of man, or of beast, or
of any thing that can defile, and shall eat of such kind of flesh:
shall be cut off from his people.
7:22. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
7:23. Say to the children of Israel: The fat of a sheep, and of an ox,
and of a goat you shall not eat.
7:24. The fat of a carcass that hath died of itself, and of a beast
that was caught by another beast, you shall have for divers uses.
7:25. If any man eat the fat that should be offered for the burnt
sacrifice of the Lord, he shall perish out of his people.
7:26. Moreover you shall not eat the blood of any creature whatsoever,
whether of birds or beasts.
7:27. Every one that eateth blood, shall perish from among the people.
7:28. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
7:29. Speak to the children of Israel, saying: He that offereth a
victim of peace offerings to the Lord, let him offer therewith a
sacrifice also, that is, the libations thereof.
7:30. He shall hold in his hands the fat of the victim, and the breast.
And when he hath offered and consecrated both to the Lord, he shall
deliver them to the priest,
7:31. Who shall burn the fat upon the altar. But the breast shall be
Aaron's and his sons'.
7:32. The right shoulder also of the victim, of peace offerings shall
fall to the priest for firstfruits.
7:33. He among the sons of Aaron, that offereth the blood, and the fat:
he shall have the right shoulder also for his portion.
7:34. For the breast that is elevated and the shoulder that is
separated I have taken of the children of Israel, from off their
victims of peace offerings: and have given them to Aaron the priest,
and to his sons, by a law for ever, from all the people of Israel.
7:35. This is the anointing of Aaron and his sons, in the ceremonies of
the Lord, in the day when Moses offered them, that they might do the
office of priesthood,
7:36. And the things that the Lord commanded to be given them by the
children of Israel, by a perpetual observance in their generations.
7:37. This is the law of holocaust, and of the sacrifice for sin, and
for trespass, and for consecration, and the victims of peace offerings:
7:38. Which the Lord appointed to Moses in mount Sinai, when he
commanded the children of Israel, that they should offer their
oblations to the Lord in the desert of Sinai.
Leviticus Chapter 8
Moses consecrateth Aaron and his sons.
8:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
8:2. Take Aaron with his sons, their vestments, and the oil of unction:
a calf for sin, two rams, a basket with unleavened bread.
8:3. And thou shalt gather together all the congregation to the door of
8:4. And Moses did as the Lord had commanded. And all the multitude
being gathered together before the door of the tabernacle:
8:5. He said: This is the word that the Lord hath commanded to be done.
8:6. And immediately, he offered Aaron and his sons. And when he had
8:7. He vested the high priest with the strait linen garment, girding
him with the girdle, and putting on him the violet tunick: and over it
he put the ephod.
8:8. And binding it with the girdle, he fitted it to the rational, on
which was Doctrine and Truth.
8:9. He put also the mitre upon his head: and upon the mitre over the
forehead, he put the plate of gold, consecrated with sanctification, as
the Lord had commanded him.
8:10. He took also the oil of unction, with which he anointed the
tabernacle, with all the furniture thereof.
8:11. And when he had sanctified and sprinkled the altar seven times,
he anointed it, and all the vessels thereof: and the laver with the
foot thereof, he sanctified with the oil.
8:12. And he poured it upon Aaron's head: and he anointed and
8:13. And after he had offered his sons, he vested them with linen
tunicks, and girded them with girdles: and put mitres on them as the
Lord had commanded.
8:14. He offered also the calf for sin: and when Aaron and his sons had
put their hands upon the head thereof,
8:15. He immolated it: and took the blood, and dipping his finger in
it, he touched the horns of the altar round about. Which being
expiated, and sanctified, he poured the rest of the blood at the bottom
8:16. But the fat that was upon the entrails, and the caul of the
liver, and the two little kidneys, with their fat, he burnt upon the
8:17. And the calf with the skin, and the flesh and the dung, he burnt
without the camp, as the Lord had commanded.
8:18. He offered also a ram for holocaust. And when Aaron and his sons
had put their hands upon its head:
8:19. He immolated it, and poured the blood thereof round about the
8:20. And cutting the ram into pieces, the head thereof, and the
joints, and the fat he burnt in the fire.
8:21. Having first washed the entrails, and the feet, and the whole ram
together he burnt upon the altar: because it was a holocaust of most
sweet odour to the Lord, as he had commanded him.
8:22. He offered also the second ram, in the consecration of priests:
and Aaron, and his sons put their hands upon the head thereof.
8:23. And when Moses had immolated it, he took of the blood thereof,
and touched the tip of Aaron's right ear, and the thumb of his right
hand, and in like manner also the great toe of his right foot.
8:24. He offered also the sons of Aaron: and when with the blood of the
ram that was immolated, he had touched the tip of the right ear of
every one of them, and the thumbs of their right hands, and the great
toes of their right feet, the rest he poured on the altar round about.
8:25. But the fat, and the rump, and all the fat that covereth the
entrails, and the caul of the liver, and the two kidneys with their
fat, and with the right shoulder, he separated.
8:26. And taking out of the basket of unleavened bread, which was
before the Lord, a loaf without leaven, and a cake tempered with oil
and a wafer, he put them upon the fat, and the right shoulder:
8:27. Delivering all to Aaron, and to his sons. Who having lifted them
up before the Lord,
8:28. He took them again from their hands, and burnt them upon the
altar of holocaust: because it was the oblation of consecration, for a
sweet odour of sacrifice to the Lord.
8:29. And he took of the ram of consecration, the breast for his
portion, elevating it before the Lord, as the Lord had commanded him.
8:30. And taking the ointment, and the blood that was upon the altar,
he sprinkled Aaron, and his vestments, and his sons, and their
vestments with it.
8:31. And when he had sanctified them in their vestments, he commanded
them, saying: Boil the flesh before the door of the tabernacle, and
there eat it. Eat ye also the loaves of consecration, that are laid in
the basket, as the Lord commanded me, saying: Aaron and his sons shall
8:32. And whatsoever shall be left of the flesh and the loaves, shall
be consumed with fire.
8:33. And you shall not go out of the door of the tabernacle for seven
days, until the day wherein the time of your consecration shall be
expired. For in seven days the consecration is finished:
8:34. As at this present it hath been done, that the rite of the
sacrifice might be accomplished.
8:35. Day and night shall you remain in the tabernacle observing the
watches of the Lord, lest you die. For so it hath been commanded me.
8:36. And Aaron and his sons did all things which the Lord spoke by the
hand of Moses.
Leviticus Chapter 9
Aaron offereth sacrifice for himself and the people. Fire cometh from
the Lord upon the altar.
9:1. And when the eighth day was come, Moses called Aaron and his sons,
and the ancients of Israel, and said to Aaron:
9:2. Take of the herd a calf for sin, and a ram for a holocaust, both
without blemish, and offer them before the Lord.
9:3. And to the children of Israel thou shalt say: Take ye a he goat
for sin, and a calf, and a lamb, both of a year old, and without
blemish for a holocaust.
9:4. Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings. And immolate them
before the Lord, offering for the sacrifice of every one of them flour
tempered with oil: for to day the Lord will appear to you.
9:5. They brought therefore all things that Moses had commanded before
the door of the tabernacle: where when all the multitude stood,
9:6. Moses said: This is the word, which the Lord hath commanded. Do
it, and his glory will appear to you.
9:7. And he said to Aaron: Approach to the altar, and offer sacrifice
for thy sin. Offer the holocaust, and pray for thyself and for the
people: and when thou hast slain the people's victim, pray for them, as
the Lord hath commanded.
9:8. And forthwith Aaron, approaching to the altar, immolated the calf
for his sin.
9:9. And his sons brought him the blood of it: and he dipped his finger
therein, and touched the horns of the altar, and poured the rest at the
9:10. And the fat, and the little kidneys, and the caul of the liver,
which are for sin, he burnt upon the altar, as the Lord had commanded
9:11. But the flesh and skins thereof he burnt with fire without the
9:12. He immolated also the victim of holocaust: and his sons brought
him the blood thereof, which he poured round about on the altar.
9:13. And the victim being cut into pieces, they brought to him the
head and all the members: all which he burnt with fire upon the altar.
9:14. Having first washed the entrails and the feet with water.
9:15. Then offering for the sin of the people, he slew the he goat: and
expiating the altar,
9:16. He offered the holocaust.
9:17. Adding in the sacrifice the libations, which are offered withal,
and burning them upon the altar, besides the ceremonies of the morning
9:18. He immolated also the bullock and the ram, and peace offerings of
the people: and his sons brought him the blood, which he poured upon
the altar round about.
9:19. The fat also of the bullock, and the rump of the ram, and the two
little kidneys with their fat, and the caul of the liver,
9:20. They put upon the breasts. And after the fat was burnt upon the
9:21. Aaron separated their breasts, and the right shoulders, elevating
them before the Lord, as Moses had commanded.
9:22. And stretching forth his hands to the people, he blessed them.
And so the victims for sin, and the holocausts, and the peace offerings
being finished, he came down.
9:23. And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the testimony,
and afterwards came forth and blessed the people. And the glory of the
Lord appeared to all the multitude.
9:24. And, behold, a fire, coming forth from the Lord, devoured the
holocaust, and the fat that was upon the altar: which when the
multitude saw, they praised the Lord, falling on their faces.
Leviticus Chapter 10
Nadab and Abiu for offering strange fire, are burnt by fire. Priests
are forbidden to drink wine, when they enter into the tabernacle. The
law of eating the holy things.
10:1. And Nadab and Abiu, the sons of Aaron, taking their censers, put
fire therein, and incense on it, offering before the Lord strange fire:
which was not commanded them.
10:2. And fire coming out from the Lord destroyed them: and they died
before the Lord.
10:3. And Moses said to Aaron: This is what the Lord hath spoken. I
will be sanctified in them that approach to me: and I will be glorified
in the sight of all the people. And when Aaron heard this, he held his
10:4. And Moses called Misael and Elisaphan, the sons of Oziel, the
uncle of Aaron, and said to them: Go and take away your brethren from
before the sanctuary, and carry them without the camp.
10:5. And they went forthwith and took them as they lay, vested with
linen tunicks, and cast them forth, as had been commanded them.
10:6. And Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons:
Uncover not your heads, and rend not your garments, lest perhaps you
die, and indignation come upon all the congregation. Let your brethren,
and all the house of Israel, bewail the burning which the Lord has
10:7. But you shall not go out of the door of the tabernacle: otherwise
you shall perish, for the oil of the holy unction is on you. And they
did all things according to the precept of Moses.
10:8. The Lord also said to Aaron:
10:9. You shall not drink wine nor any thing that may make drunk, thou
nor thy sons, when you enter into the tabernacle of the testimony, lest
you die. Because it is an everlasting precept; through your
10:10. And that you may have knowledge to discern between holy and
unholy, between unclean and clean:
10:11. And may teach the children of Israel all my ordinances which the
Lord hath spoken to them by the hand of Moses.
10:12. And Moses spoke to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons
that were left: Take the sacrifice that is remaining of the oblation of
the Lord, and eat it without leaven beside the altar, because it is
holy of holies.
10:13. And you shall eat it in a holy place: which is given to thee and
thy sons of the oblations of the Lord, as it hath been commanded me.
10:14. The breast also that is offered, and the shoulder that is
separated, you shall eat in a most clean place, thou and thy sons, and
thy daughters with thee. For they are set aside for thee and thy
children, of the victims of peace offerings of the children of Israel.
10:15. Because they have elevated before the Lord the shoulder and the
breast, and the fat that is burnt on the altar: and they belong to thee
and to thy sons by a perpetual law, as the Lord hath commanded.
10:16. While these things were a doing, when Moses sought for the buck
goat, that had been offered for sin, he found it burnt. And being angry
with Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron that were left, he said:
10:17. Why did you not eat in the holy place the sacrifice for sin,
which is most holy, and given to you, that you may bear the iniquity of
the people, and may pray for them in the sight of the Lord.
10:18. Especially, whereas none of the blood thereof hath been carried
within the holy places: and you ought to have eaten it in the
sanctuary, as was commanded me?
10:19. Aaron answered: This day hath been offered the victim for sin,
and the holocaust before the Lord: and to me what thou seest has
happened. How could I eat it, or please the Lord in the ceremonies,
having a sorrowful heart?
10:20. Which when Moses had heard he was satisfied.
Leviticus Chapter 11
The distinction of clean and unclean animals.
11:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
11:2. Say to the children of Israel: These are the animals which you
are to eat of all the living things of the earth.
Animals which you are to eat, etc. . .The prohibition of so many kinds
of beasts, birds, and fishes, in the law, was ordered, 1st, to exercise
the people in obedience, and temperance; 2ndly, to restrain them from
the vices of which these animals were symbols; 3rdly, because the
things here forbidden were for the most part unwholesome, and not
proper to be eaten; 4thly, that the people of God, by being obliged to
abstain from things corporally unclean, might be trained up to seek a
11:3. Whatsoever hath the hoof divided, and cheweth the cud among the
beasts, you shall eat.
Hoof divided, and cheweth the cud. . .The dividing of the hoof and
chewing of the cud, signify discretion between good and evil, and
meditating on the law of God; and where either of these is wanting a
man is unclean. In like manner fishes were reputed unclean that had not
fins and scales: that is, souls that did not raise themselves up by
prayer and cover themselves with the scales of virtue.
11:4. But whatsoever cheweth indeed the cud, and hath a hoof, but
divideth it not, as the camel, and others: that you shall not eat, but
shall reckon it among the unclean.
11:5. The cherogrillus which cheweth the cud, but divideth not the
hoof, is unclean.
The cherogrillus. . .Some suppose it to be the rabbit, others the
hedgehog. St. Jerome intimates that it is another kind of animal common
in Palestine, which lives in the holes of rocks or in the earth. We
choose here, as also in the names of several other creatures that
follow (which are little known in this part of the world,) to keep the
Greek or Latin names.
11:6. The hare also: for that too cheweth the cud, but divideth not the
11:7. And the swine, which, though it divideth the hoof, cheweth not
11:8. The flesh of these you shall not eat, nor shall you touch their
carcasses, because they are unclean to you.
11:9. These are the things that breed in the waters, and which it is
lawful to eat. All that hath fins, and scales, as well in the sea, as
in the rivers, and the pools, you shall eat.
11:10. But whatsoever hath not fins and scales, of those things that
move and live in the waters, shall be an abomination to you,
11:11. And detestable. Their flesh you shall not eat: and their
carcasses you shall avoid.
11:12. All that have not fins and scales, in the waters, shall be
11:13. Of birds these are they which you must not eat, and which are to
be avoided by you: The eagle, and the griffon, and the osprey.
The griffon. . .Not the monster which the painter represent, which hath
no being upon earth; but a bird of the eagle kind, larger than the
11:14. And the kite, and the vulture, according to their kind.
11:15. And all that is of the raven kind, according to their likeness.
11:16. The ostrich, and the owl, and the larus, and the hawk according
to its kind.
11:17. The screech owl, and the cormorant, and the ibis.
11:18. And the swan, and the bittern, and the porphyrion.
11:19. The heron, and the charadroin according to its kind, the houp
also, and the bat.
11:20. Of things that fly, whatsoever goeth upon four feet, shall be
abominable to you.
11:21. But whatsoever walketh upon four feet, but hath the legs behind
longer, wherewith it hoppeth upon the earth,
11:22. That you shall eat: as the bruchus in its kind, the attacus, and
ophimachus, and the locust, every, one according to their kind.
11:23. But of flying things whatsoever hath four feet only, shall be an
abomination to you.
11:24. And whosoever shall touch the carcasses of them, shall be
defiled: and shall be unclean until the evening:
11:25. And if it be necessary that he carry any of these things when
they are dead: he shall wash his clothes, and shall be unclean until
the sun set.
11:26. Every beast that hath a hoof, but divideth it not, nor cheweth
the cud shall be unclean: and he that toucheth it, shall be defiled.
11:27. That which walketh upon hands of all animals which go on all
four, shall be unclean: he that shall touch their carcasses shall be
defiled until evening.
11:28. And he that shall carry such carcasses, shall wash his clothes,
and shall be unclean until evening: because all these things are
unclean to you.
11:29. These also shall be reckoned among unclean things, of all that
move upon the earth. The weasel, and the mouse, and the crocodile,
every one according to their kind:
11:30. The shrew, and the chameleon, and the stellio, and the lizard,
and the mole.
11:31. All these are unclean. He that toucheth their carcasses shall be
unclean until the evening.
11:32. And upon what thing soever any of their carcasses shall fall, it
shall be defiled, whether it be a vessel of wood, or a garment, or
skins or haircloths: or any thing in which work is done. They shall be
dipped in water, and shall be unclean until the evening, and so
afterwards shall be clean.
11:33. But an earthen vessel, into which any of these shall fall, shall
be defiled: and therefore is to be broken.
11:34. Any meat which you eat, if water from such a vessel be poured
upon it, shall be unclean; and every liquor that is drunk out of any
such vessel, shall be unclean.
11:35. And upon whatsoever thing any of these dead beasts shall fall,
it shall be unclean. Whether it be oven, or pots with feet, they shall
be destroyed, and shall be unclean.
11:36. But fountains and cisterns, and all gatherings together of
waters shall be clean. He that toucheth their carcasses shall be
11:37. If it fall upon seed corn, it shall not defile it.
11:38. But if any man pour water upon the seed, and afterwards it be
touched by the carcasses, it shall be forthwith defiled.
11:39. If any beast die, of which it is lawful for you to eat, he that
toucheth the carcass thereof, shall be unclean until the evening.
11:40. And he that eateth or carrieth any thing thereof, shall wash his
clothes, and shall be unclean until the evening.
11:41. All that creepeth upon the earth shall be abominable: neither
shall it be taken for meat.
11:42. Whatsoever goeth upon the breast on four feet, or hath many
feet, or traileth on the earth, you shall not eat, because it is
11:43. Do not defile your souls, nor touch aught thereof, lest you be
11:44. For I am the Lord your God. Be holy because I am holy. Defile
not your souls by any creeping thing, that moveth upon the earth.
11:45. For I am the Lord, who brought you out of the land of Egypt,
that I might be your God.
11:46. You shall be holy, because I am holy. This is the law of beasts