Part 58 out of 74
12:47. And one said unto him: Behold thy mother and thy brethren stand
without, seeking thee.
12:48. But he answering him that told him, said: Who is my mother, and
who are my brethren?
Who is my mother?. . .This was not spoken by way of slighting his
mother, but to shew that we are never to suffer ourselves to be taken
from the service of God, by any inordinate affection to our earthly
parents: and that which our Lord chiefly regarded in his mother, was
her doing the will of his Father in heaven. It may also further allude
to the reprobation of the Jews, his carnal kindred, and the election of
12:49. And stretching forth his hand towards his disciples, he said:
Behold my mother and my brethren.
12:50. For whosoever shall do the will of my Father, that is in heaven,
he is my brother, and sister, and mother.
Matthew Chapter 13
The parables of the sower and the cockle: of the mustardseed, etc.
13:1. The same day Jesus going out of the house, sat by the sea side.
13:2. And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he
went up into a boat and sat: and all the multitude stood on the shore.
13:3. And he spoke to them many things in parables, saying: Behold the
sower went forth to sow.
13:4. And whilst he soweth some fell by the way side, and the birds of
the air came and ate them up.
13:5. And other some fell upon stony ground, where they had not much
earth: and they sprung up immediately, because they had no deepness of
13:6. And when the sun was up they were scorched: and because they had
not root, they withered away.
13:7. And others fell among thorns: and the thorns grew up and choked
13:8. And others fell upon good ground: and they brought forth fruit,
some an hundred fold, some sixty fold, and some thirty fold.
13:9. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
13:10. And his disciples came and said to him: Why speakest thou to
them in parables?
13:11. Who answered and said to them: Because to you it is given to
know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven: but to them it is not
13:12. For he that hath, to him shall be given, and he shall abound:
but he that hath not, from him shall be taken away that also which he
13:13. Therefore do I speak to them in parables: because seeing they
see not, and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
13:14. And the prophecy of Isaias is fulfilled in them, who saith: By
hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand: and seeing you shall
see, and shall not perceive.
13:15. For the heart of this people is grown gross, and with their ears
they have been dull of hearing, and their eyes they have shut: lest at
any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and
understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
13:16. But blessed are your eyes, because they see, and your ears,
because they hear.
13:17. For, amen, I say to you, many prophets and just men have desired
to see the things that you see, and have not seen them: and to hear the
things that you hear and have not heard them.
13:18. Hear you therefore the parable of the sower.
13:19. When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth
it not, there cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was
sown in his heart: this is he that received the seed by the way side.
13:20. And he that received the seed upon stony ground, is he that
heareth the word, and immediately receiveth it with joy.
13:21. Yet hath he not root in himself, but is only for a time: and
when there ariseth tribulation and persecution because of the word, he
is presently scandalized.
13:22. And he that received the seed among thorns, is he that heareth
the word, and the care of this world and the deceitfulness of riches
choketh up the word, and he becometh fruitless.
13:23. But he that received the seed upon good ground, is he that
heareth the word, and understandeth, and beareth fruit, and yieldeth
the one an hundredfold, and another sixty, and another thirty.
13:24. Another parable he proposed to them, saying: The kingdom of
heaven is likened to a man that sowed good seed in his field.
13:25. But while men were asleep, his enemy came and oversowed cockle
among the wheat and went his way.
13:26. And when the blade was sprung up, and had brought forth fruit,
then appeared also the cockle.
13:27. And the servants of the good man of the house coming said to
him. Sir, didst thou not sow good seed in thy field? Whence then hath
13:28. And he said to them: An enemy hath done this. And the servants
said to him: Wilt thou that we go and gather it up?
13:29. And he said: No, lest perhaps gathering up the cockle, you root
up the wheat also together with it.
13:30. Suffer both to grow until the harvest, and in the time of the
harvest I will say to the reapers: Gather up first the cockle, and bind
it into bundles to burn, but the wheat gather ye into my barn.
13:31. Another parable he proposed unto them, saying: The kingdom of
heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took and sowed
in his field.
13:32. Which is the least indeed of all seeds; but when it is grown up,
it is greater than all herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of
the air come, and dwell in the branches thereof.
13:33. Another parable he spoke to them: The kingdom of heaven is like
to leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, until
the whole was leavened.
13:34. All these things Jesus spoke in parables to the multitudes: and
without parables he did not speak to them.
13:35. That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet,
saying: I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden
from the foundation of the world.
13:36. Then having sent away the multitudes, he came into the house,
and his disciples came to him, saying: Expound to us the parable of the
cockle of the field.
13:37. Who made answer and said to them: He that soweth the good seed
is the Son of man.
13:38. And the field is the world. And the good seed are the children
of the kingdom. And the cockle are the children of the wicked one.
13:39. And the enemy that sowed them, is the devil. But the harvest is
the end of the world. And the reapers are the angels.
13:40. Even as cockle therefore is gathered up, and burnt with fire: so
shall it be at the end of the world.
13:41. The Son of man shall send his angels, and they shall gather out
of his kingdom all scandals, and them that work iniquity.
13:42. And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be
weeping and gnashing of teeth.
13:43. Then shall the just shine as the sun, in the kingdom of their
Father. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
13:44. The kingdom of heaven is like unto a treasure hidden in a field.
Which a man having found, hid it, and for joy thereof goeth, and
selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.
13:45. Again the kingdom of heaven is like to a merchant seeking good
13:46. Who when he had found one pearl of great price, went his way,
and sold all that he had, and bought it.
13:47. Again the kingdom of heaven is like to a net cast into the sea,
and gathering together of all kinds of fishes.
13:48. Which, when it was filled, they drew out, and sitting by the
shore, they chose out the good into vessels, but the bad they cast
13:49. So shall it be at the end of the world. The angels shall go out,
and shall separate the wicked from among the just.
13:50. And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be
weeping and gnashing of teeth.
13:51. Have ye understood all these things? They say to him: Yes.
13:52. He said unto them: Therefore every scribe instructed in the
kingdom of heaven, is like to a man that is a householder, who bringeth
forth out of his treasure new things and old.
13:53. And it came to pass: when Jesus had finished these parables, he
passed from thence.
13:54. And coming into his own country, he taught them in their
synagogues, so that they wondered and said: How came this man by this
wisdom and miracles?
13:55. Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary,
and his brethren James, and Joseph, and Simon, and Jude:
His brethren. . .These were the children of Mary the wife of Cleophas,
sister to our Blessed Lady, (St. Matt. 27. 56; St. John 19. 25,) and
therefore, according to the usual style of the Scripture, they were
called brethren, that is, near relations to our Saviour.
13:56. And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence therefore hath
he all these things?
13:57. And they were scandalized in his regard. But Jesus said to them:
A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his
13:58. And he wrought not many miracles there, because of their
Matthew Chapter 14
Herod puts John to death. Christ feeds five thousand in the desert. He
walks upon the sea, and heals all the diseased with the touch of his
14:1. At that time Herod the Tetrarch heard the fame of Jesus.
Tetrarch. . .This word, derived from the Greek, signifies one that rules
over the fourth part of a kingdom: as Herod then ruled over Galilee,
which was but the fourth part of the kingdom of his father.
14:2. And he said to his servants: This is John the Baptist: he is
risen from the dead, and therefore mighty works shew forth themselves
14:3. For Herod had apprehended John and bound him, and put him into
prison, because of Herodias, his brother's wife.
14:4. For John said to him: It is not lawful for thee to have her.
14:5. And having a mind to put him to death, he feared the people:
because they esteemed him as a prophet.
14:6. But on Herod's birthday, the daughter of Herodias danced before
them: and pleased Herod.
14:7. Whereupon he promised with an oath, to give her whatsoever she
would ask of him.
14:8. But she being instructed before by her mother, said: Give me here
in a dish the head of John the Baptist.
14:9. And the king was struck sad: yet because of his oath, and for
them that sat with him at table, he commanded it to be given.
14:10. And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison.
14:11. And his head was brought in a dish: and it was given to the
damsel, and she brought it to her mother.
14:12. And his disciples came and took the body, and buried it, and
came and told Jesus.
14:13. Which when Jesus had heard, he retired from thence by a boat,
into a desert place apart, and the multitudes having heard of it,
followed him on foot out of the cities.
14:14. And he coming forth saw a great multitude, and had compassion on
them, and healed their sick.
14:15. And when it was evening, his disciples came to him, saying: This
is a desert place, and the hour is now passed: send away the
multitudes, that going into the towns, they may buy themselves
14:16. But Jesus said to them, They have no need to go: give you them
14:17. They answered him: We have not here, but five loaves, and two
14:18. Who said to them: Bring them hither to me.
14:19. And when he had commanded the multitude to sit down upon the
grass, he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to
heaven, he blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disciples,
and the disciples to the multitudes.
14:20. And they did all eat, and were filled. And they took up what
remained, twelve full baskets of fragments.
14:21. And the number of them that did eat, was five thousand men,
besides women and children.
14:22. And forthwith Jesus obliged his disciples to go up into the
boat, and to go before him over the water, till he dismissed the
14:23. And having dismissed the multitude, he went into a mountain
alone to pray. And when it was evening, he was there alone.
14:24. But the boat in the midst of the sea was tossed with the waves:
for the wind was contrary.
14:25. And in the fourth watch of the night, he came to them walking
upon the sea.
14:26. And they seeing him walking upon the sea, were troubled, saying:
It is an apparition. And they cried out for fear.
14:27. And immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying: Be of good heart:
it is I, fear ye not.
14:28. And Peter making answer, said: Lord, if it be thou, bid me come
to thee upon the waters.
14:29. And he said: Come. And Peter going down out of the boat walked
upon the water to come to Jesus.
14:30. But seeing the wind strong, he was afraid: and when he began to
sink, he cried out, saying: Lord, save me.
14:31. And immediately Jesus stretching forth his hand took hold of
him, and said to him: O thou of little faith, why didst thou doubt?
14:32. And when they were come up into the boat, the wind ceased.
14:33. And they that were in the boat came and adored him, saying:
Indeed thou art the Son of God.
14:34. And having passed the water, they came into the country of
14:35. And when the men of that place had knowledge of him, they sent
into all that country, and brought to him all that were diseased.
14:36. And they besought him that they might touch but the hem of his
garment. And as many as touched, were made whole.
Matthew Chapter 15
Christ reproves the Scribes. He cures the daughter of the woman of
Canaan: and many others: and feeds four thousand with seven loaves.
15:1. Then came to him from Jerusalem scribes and Pharisees, saying:
15:2. Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the ancients?
For they wash not their hands when they eat bread.
15:3. But he answering, said to them: Why do you also transgress the
commandment of God for your tradition? For God said:
15:4. Honour thy father and mother: And: He that shall curse father or
mother, let him die the death.
15:5. But you say: Whosoever shall say to father or mother, The gift
whatsoever proceedeth from me, shall profit thee.
The gift, etc. . .That is, the offering that I shall make to God, shall
be instead of that which should be expended for thy profit. This
tradition of the Pharisees was calculated to enrich themselves; by
exempting children from giving any further assistance to their parents,
if they once offered to the temple and the priests, that which should
have been the support of their parents. But this was a violation of the
law of God, and of nature, which our Saviour here condemns.
15:6. And he shall not honour his father or his mother: and you have
made void the commandment of God for your tradition.
15:7. Hypocrites, well hath Isaias prophesied of you, saying:
15:8. This people honoureth me with their lips: but their heart is far
15:9. And in vain do they worship me, teaching doctrines and
commandments of men.
Commandments of men. . .The doctrines and commandments here reprehended
are such as are either contrary to the law of God, (as that of
neglecting parents, under pretence of giving to God,) or at least are
frivolous, unprofitable, and no ways conducing to true piety, as that
of often washing hands, etc., without regard to the purity of the
heart. But as to the rules and ordinances of the holy church, touching
fasts, festivals, etc., these are no ways repugnant to, but highly
agreeable to God's holy word, and all Christian piety: neither are they
to be counted among the doctrines and commandments of men; because they
proceed not from mere human authority; but from that which Christ has
established in his church; whose pastors he has commanded us to hear
and obey, even as himself. St. Luke 10. 16; St. Matt. 18. 17.
15:10. And having called together the multitudes unto him, he said to
them: Hear ye and understand.
15:11. Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man: but what
cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man.
Not that which goeth into, etc. . .No uncleanness in meat, nor any dirt
contracted by eating it with unwashed hands, can defile the soul: but
sin alone; or a disobedience of the heart to the ordinance and will of
God. And thus when Adam took the forbidden fruit, it was not the apple,
which entered into the mouth, but the disobedience to the law of God
which defiled him. The same is to be said if a Jew, in the time of the
old law, had eaten swine's flesh; or a Christian convert, in the days
of the apostles, contrary to their ordinance, had eaten blood; or if
any of the faithful at present should transgress the ordinance of God's
church, by breaking the fasts: for in all these cases the soul would be
defiled; not indeed by that which goeth into the mouth; but by the
disobedience of the heart, in wilfully transgressing the ordinance of
God, or of those who have their authority from him.
15:12. Then came his disciples, and said to him: Dost thou know that
the Pharisees, when they heard this word, were scandalized?
15:13. But he answering, said: Every plant which my heavenly Father
hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
15:14. Let them alone: they are blind, and leaders of the blind. And if
the blind lead the blind, both fall into the pit.
15:15. And Peter answering, said to him: Expound to us this parable.
15:16. But he said: Are you also yet without understanding?
15:17. Do you not understand, that whatsoever entereth into the mouth,
goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the privy?
15:18. But the things which proceed out of the mouth, come forth from
the heart, and those things defile a man.
15:19. For from the heart come forth evil thoughts, murders,
adulteries, fornications, thefts, false testimonies, blasphemies.
15:20. These are the things that defile a man. But to eat with unwashed
hands doth not defile a man.
15:21. And Jesus went from thence, and retired into the coast of Tyre
15:22. And behold a woman of Canaan who came out of those coasts,
crying out, said to him: Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David:
my daughter is grievously troubled by a devil.
15:23. Who answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought
him, saying: Send her away, for she crieth after us:
15:24. And he answering, said: I was not sent but to the sheep, that
are lost of the house of Israel.
15:25. But she came and adored him, saying: Lord, help me.
15:26. Who answering, said: It is not good to take the bread of the
children, and to cast it to the dogs.
15:27. But she said: Yea, Lord; for the whelps also eat of the crumbs
that fall from the table of their masters.
15:28. Then Jesus answering, said to her: O woman, great is thy faith:
be it done to thee as thou wilt: and her daughter was cured from that
15:29. And when Jesus had passed away from thence, he came nigh the sea
of Galilee: and going up into a mountain, he sat there.
15:30. And there came to him great multitudes, having with them the
dumb, the blind, the lame, the maimed, and many others: and they cast
them down at his feet, and he healed them:
15:31. So that the multitudes marvelled seeing the dumb speak, the lame
walk, the blind see: and they glorified the God of Israel.
15:32. And Jesus called together his disciples, and said: I have
compassion on the multitudes, because they continue with me now three
days, and have not what to eat, and I will not send them away fasting,
lest they faint in the way.
15:33. And the disciples say unto him: Whence then should we have so
many loaves in the desert, as to fill so great a multitude?
15:34. And Jesus said to them: How many loaves have you? But they said:
Seven, and a few little fishes.
15:35. And he commanded the multitude to sit down upon the ground.
15:36. And taking the seven loaves and the fishes, and giving thanks,
he brake, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples gave to the
15:37. And they did all eat, and had their fill. And they took up seven
baskets full, of what remained of the fragments.
15:38. And they that did eat, were four thousand men, beside children
15:39. And having dismissed the multitude, he went up into a boat, and
came into the coasts of Magedan.
Matthew Chapter 16
Christ refuses to shew the Pharisees a sign from heaven. Peter's
confession is rewarded. He is rebuked for opposing Christ's passion.
All his followers must deny themselves.
16:1. And there came to him the Pharisees and Sadducees tempting: and
they asked him to shew them a sign from heaven.
16:2. But he answered and said to them: When it is evening, you say, It
will be fair weather, for the sky is red.
16:3. And in the morning: To day there will be a storm, for the sky is
red and lowering. You know then how to discern the face of the sky: and
can you not know the signs of the times?
16:4. A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign: and a
sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. And he
left them, and went away.
16:5. And when his disciples were come over the water, they had
forgotten to take bread.
16:6. Who said to them: Take heed and beware of the leaven of the
Pharisees and Sadducees.
16:7. But they thought within themselves, saying: Because we have taken
16:8. And Jesus knowing it, said: Why do you think within yourselves, O
ye of little faith, for that you have no bread?
16:9. Do you not yet understand, neither do you remember the five
loaves among five thousand men, and how many baskets you took up?
16:10. Nor the seven loaves, among four thousand men, and how many
baskets you took up?
16:11. Why do you not understand that it was not concerning bread I
said to you: Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees?
16:12. Then they understood that he said not that they should beware of
the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and
16:13. And Jesus came into the quarters of Cesarea Philippi: and he
asked his disciples, saying: Whom do men say that the Son of man is?
16:14. But they said: Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and
others Jeremias, or one of the prophets.
16:15. Jesus saith to them: But whom do you say that I am?
16:16. Simon Peter answered and said: Thou art Christ, the Son of the
16:17. And Jesus answering said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon
Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my
Father who is in heaven.
16:18. And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I
will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against
Thou art Peter, etc. . .As St. Peter, by divine revelation, here made a
solemn profession of his faith of the divinity of Christ; so in
recompense of this faith and profession, our Lord here declares to him
the dignity to which he is pleased to raise him: viz., that he to whom
he had already given the name of Peter, signifying a rock, St. John 1.
42, should be a rock indeed, of invincible strength, for the support of
the building of the church; in which building he should be, next to
Christ himself, the chief foundation stone, in quality of chief pastor,
ruler, and governor; and should have accordingly all fulness of
ecclesiastical power, signified by the keys of the kingdom of heaven.
Upon this rock, etc. . .The words of Christ to Peter, spoken in the
vulgar language of the Jews which our Lord made use of, were the same
as if he had said in English, Thou art a Rock, and upon this rock I
will build my church. So that, by the plain course of the words, Peter
is here declared to be the rock, upon which the church was to be built:
Christ himself being both the principal foundation and founder of the
same. Where also note, that Christ, by building his house, that is, his
church, upon a rock, has thereby secured it against all storms and
floods, like the wise builder, St. Matt. 7. 24, 25. The gates of hell,
etc. . .That is, the powers of darkness, and whatever Satan can do,
either by himself, or his agents. For as the church is here likened to
a house, or fortress, built on a rock; so the adverse powers are
likened to a contrary house or fortress, the gates of which, that is,
the whole strength, and all the efforts it can make, will never be able
to prevail over the city or church of Christ. By this promise we are
fully assured, that neither idolatry, heresy, nor any pernicious error
whatsoever shall at any time prevail over the church of Christ.
16:19. And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And
whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in
heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth, it shall be loosed
also in heaven.
Loose on earth. . .The loosing the bands of temporal punishments due to
sins, is called an indulgence; the power of which is here granted.
16:20. Then he commanded his disciples, that they should tell no one
that he was Jesus the Christ.
16:21. From that time Jesus began to shew to his disciples, that he
must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the ancients and
scribes and chief priests, and be put to death, and the third day rise
16:22. And Peter taking him, began to rebuke him, saying: Lord, be it
far from thee, this shall not be unto thee.
And Peter taking him. . .That is, taking him aside, out of a tender
love, respect and zeal for his Lord and Master's honour, began to
expostulate with him, as it were to rebuke him, saying, Lord, far be it
from thee to suffer death; but the Lord said to Peter, ver. 23, Go
behind me, Satan. These words may signify, Begone from me; but the holy
Fathers expound them otherwise, that is, come after me, or follow me;
and by these words the Lord would have Peter to follow him in his
suffering, and not to oppose the divine will by contradiction; for the
word satan means in Hebrew an adversary, or one that opposes.
16:23. Who turning, said to Peter: Go behind me, Satan, thou art a
scandal unto me: because thou savourest not the things that are of God,
but the things that are of men.
16:24. Then Jesus said to his disciples: If any man will come after me,
let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.
16:25. For he that will save his life, shall lose it: and he that shall
lose his life for my sake, shall find it.
16:26. For what doth it profit a man, if he gain the whole world and
suffer the loss of his own soul? Or what exchange shall a man give for
16:27. For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with
his angels: and then will he render to every man according to his
16:28. Amen I say to you, there are some of them that stand here, that
shall not taste death, till they see the Son of man coming in his
Matthew Chapter 17
The Transfiguration of Christ: He cures the lunatic child: foretells
his passion; and pays the didrachma.
17:1. And after six days Jesus taketh unto him Peter and James, and
John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart:
17:2. And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as
the sun: and his garments became white as snow.
17:3. And behold there appeared to them Moses and Elias talking with
17:4. And Peter answering, said to Jesus: Lord, it is good for us to be
here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles, one for thee,
and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
17:5. And as he was yet speaking, behold a bright cloud overshadowed
them. And lo a voice out of the cloud, saying: This is my beloved Son,
in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.
17:6. And the disciples hearing fell upon their face, and were very
17:7. And Jesus came and touched them: and said to them: Arise, and
17:8. And they lifting up their eyes, saw no one, but only Jesus.
17:9. And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them,
saying: Tell the vision to no man, till the Son of man be risen from
17:10. And his disciples asked him, saying: Why then do the scribes say
that Elias must come first?
17:11. But he answering, said to them: Elias indeed shall come, and
restore all things.
17:12. But I say to you, that Elias is already come, and they knew him
not, But have done unto him whatsoever they had a mind. So also the Son
of man shall suffer from them.
17:13. Then the disciples understood, that he had spoken to them of
John the Baptist.
17:14. And when he was come to the multitude, there came to him a man
falling down on his knees before him saying: Lord, have pity on my son,
for he is a lunatic, and suffereth much: for he falleth often into the
fire, and often into the water.
17:15. And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him.
17:16. Then Jesus answered and said: O unbelieving and perverse
generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I suffer you?
Bring him hither to me.
17:17. And Jesus rebuked him, and the devil went out of him, and the
child was cured from that hour.
17:18. Then came the disciples to Jesus secretly, and said: Why could
not we cast him out?
17:19. Jesus said to them: Because of your unbelief. For, amen I say to
you, if you have faith as a grain of mustard seed, you shall say to
this mountain: Remove from hence hither, and it shall remove: and
nothing shall be impossible to you.
As a grain of mustard seed. . .That is, a perfect faith; which in its
properties, and its fruits, resembles the grain of mustard seed, in the
parable, chap. 13. 31.
17:20. But this kind is not cast out but by prayer and fasting.
17:21. And when they abode together in Galilee, Jesus said to them: The
Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men:
17:22. And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall rise again.
And they were troubled exceedingly.
17:23. And when they were come to Capharnaum, they that received the
didrachmas, came to Peter, and said to him: Doth not your master pay
The didrachmas. . .A didrachma was half a sicle, or half a stater; that
is, about 15d. English: which was a tax laid upon every head for the
service of the temple.
17:24. He said: Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus
prevented him, saying: What is thy opinion, Simon? The kings of the
earth, of whom do they receive tribute or custom, of their own
children, or of strangers?
17:25. And he said: Of strangers. Jesus said to him: Then the children
17:26. But that we may not scandalize them, go to the sea, and cast in
a hook: and that fish which shall first come up, take: and when thou
hast opened it's mouth, thou shalt find a stater: take that, and give
it to them for me and thee.
Matthew Chapter 18
Christ teaches humility, to beware of scandal, and to flee the
occasions of sin: to denounce to the church incorrigible sinners, and
to look upon such as refuse to hear the church as heathens. He promises
to his disciples the power of binding and loosing: and that he will be
in the midst of their assemblies. No forgiveness for them that will not
18:1. At that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying: Who, thinkest
thou, is the greater in the kingdom of heaven?
18:2. And Jesus, calling unto him a little child, set him in the midst
18:3. And said: amen I say to you, unless you be converted, and become
as little children, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.
18:4. Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, he
is the greater in the kingdom of heaven.
18:5. And he that shall receive one such little child in my name,
18:6. But he that shall scandalize one of these little ones that
believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone should be hanged
about his neck, and that he should be drowned in the depth of the sea.
Shall scandalize. . .That is, shall put a stumblingblock in their way,
and cause them to fall into sin.
18:7. Woe to the world because of scandals. For it must needs be that
scandals come: but nevertheless woe to that man by whom the scandal
It must needs be, etc. . .Viz., considering the wickedness and
corruption of the world.
18:8. And if thy hand, or thy foot, scandalize thee, cut it off, and
cast it from thee. It is better for thee to go into life maimed or
lame, than having two hands or two feet, to be cast into everlasting
Scandalize thee. . .That is, cause thee to offend.
18:9. And if thy eye scandalize thee, pluck it out, and cast it from
thee. It is better for thee having one eye to enter into life, than
having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.
18:10. See that you despise not one of these little ones: for I say to
you, that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father who
is in heaven.
18:11. For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost.
18:12. What think you? If a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them
should go astray: doth he not leave the ninety-nine in the mountains,
and goeth to seek that which is gone astray?
18:13. And if it so be that he find it: Amen I say to you, he rejoiceth
more for that, than for the ninety-nine that went not astray.
18:14. Even so it is not the will of your Father, who is in heaven,
that one of these little ones should perish.
18:15. But if thy brother shall offend against thee, go, and rebuke him
between thee and him alone. If he shall hear thee, thou shalt gain thy
18:16. And if he will not hear thee, take with thee one or two more:
that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may stand.
18:17. And if he will not hear them: tell the church. And if he will
not hear the church, let him be to thee as the heathen and publican.
18:18. Amen I say to you, whatsoever you shall bind upon earth, shall
be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever you shall loose upon earth,
shall be loosed also in heaven.
18:19. Again I say to you, that if two of you shall consent upon earth,
concerning anything whatsoever they shall ask, it shall be done to them
by my Father who is in heaven.
18:20. For where there are two or three gathered together in my name,
there am I in the midst of them.
There am I in the midst of them. . .This is understood of such
assemblies only as are gathered in the name and authority of Christ;
and in unity of the church of Christ. St. Cyprian, De Unitate
18:21. Then came Peter unto him and said: Lord, how often shall my
brother offend against me, and I forgive him? till seven times?
18:22. Jesus saith to him: I say not to thee, till seven times; but
till seventy times seven times.
18:23. Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened to a king, who would
take an account of his servants.
18:24. And when he had begun to take the account, one as brought to
him, that owed him ten thousand talents.
Talents. . .A talent was seven hundred and fifty ounces of silver, which
at the rate of five shillings to the ounce is a hundred and
eighty-seven pounds ten shillings sterling.
18:25. And as he had not wherewith to pay it, his lord commanded that
he should be sold, and his wife and children, and all that he had, and
payment to be made.
18:26. But that servant falling down, besought him, saying: Have
patience with me, and I will pay thee all.
18:27. And the lord of that servant being moved with pity, let him go
and forgave him the debt.
18:28. But when that servant was gone out, he found one of his
fellow-servants that owed him an hundred pence: and laying hold of him,
he throttled him, saying: Pay what thou owest.
Pence. . .The Roman penny was the eighth part of an ounce, that is,
about sevenpence half-penny English.
18:29. And his fellow-servant falling down, besought him, saying: Have
patience with me, and I will pay thee all.
18:30. And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he
paid the debt.
18:31. Now his fellow servants seeing what was done, were very much
grieved, and they came, and told their lord all that was done.
18:32. Then his lord called him: and said to him: Thou wicked servant,
I forgave thee all the debt, because thou besoughtest me:
18:33. Shouldst not thou then have had compassion also on thy fellow
servant, even as I had compassion on thee?
18:34. And his lord being angry, delivered him to the torturers until
he paid all the debt.
18:35. So also shall my heavenly Father do to you, if you forgive not
every one his brother from your hearts.
Matthew Chapter 19
Christ declares matrimony to be indissoluble: he recommends the making
one's self an eunuch for the kingdom of heaven; and parting with all
things for him. He shews the danger of riches, and the reward of
leaving all to follow him.
19:1. And it came to pass when Jesus had ended these words, he departed
from Galilee and came into the coasts of Judea, beyond Jordan.
19:2. And great multitudes followed him: and he healed them there.
19:3. And there came to him the Pharisees tempting him, saying: Is it
lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause?
19:4. Who answering, said to them: Have ye not read, that he who made
man from the beginning, made them male and female? And he said:
19:5. For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall
cleave to his wife, and they two shall be in one flesh.
19:6. Therefore now they are not two, but one flesh. What therefore God
hath joined together, let no man put asunder.
19:7. They say to him: Why then did Moses command to give a bill of
divorce, and to put away?
19:8. He saith to them: Because Moses by reason of the hardness of your
heart permitted you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it
was not so.
19:9. And I say to you, that whosoever shall put away his wife, except
it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery:
and he that shall marry her that is put away, committeth adultery.
Except it be, etc. . .In the case of fornication, that is, of adultery,
the wife may be put away: but even then the husband cannot marry
another as long as the wife is living.
19:10. His disciples say unto him: If the case of a man with his wife
be so, it is not expedient to marry.
19:11. Who said to them: All men take not this word, but they to whom
it is given.
All men take not this word. . .That is, all receive not the gift of
living singly and chastely, unless they pray for the grace of God to
enable them to live so, and for some it may be necessary to that end to
fast as well as pray: and to those it is given from above.
19:12. For there are eunuchs, who were born so from their mothers womb:
and there are eunuchs, who were made so by men: and there are eunuchs,
who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven. He that can
take, let him take it.
There are eunuchs, who have made themselves eunuchs, for the kingdom of
heaven. . .This text is not to be taken in the literal sense; but means,
that there are such, who have taken a firm and commendable resolution
of leading a single and chaste life, in order to serve God in a more
perfect state than those who marry: as St. Paul clearly shews. 1 Cor.
7. 37, 38.
19:13. Then were little children presented to him, that he should
impose hands upon them and pray. And the disciples rebuked them.
19:14. But Jesus said to them: Suffer the little children, and forbid
them not to come to me: for the kingdom of heaven is for such.
19:15. And when he had imposed hands upon them, he departed from
19:16. And behold one came and said to him: Good master, what good
shall I do that I may have life everlasting?
19:17. Who said to him: Why askest thou me concerning good? One is
good, God. But if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.
19:18. He said to him: Which? And Jesus said: Thou shalt do no murder,
Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not
bear false witness.
19:19. Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy
neighbor as thyself.
19:20. The young man saith to him: All these have I kept from my youth,
what is yet wanting to me?
19:21. Jesus saith to him: If thou wilt be perfect, go sell what thou
hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and
come, follow me.
19:22. And when the young man had heard this word, he went away sad:
for he had great possessions.
19:23. Then Jesus said to his disciples: Amen, I say to you, that a
rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.
19:24. And again I say to you: It is easier for a camel to pass through
the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of
19:25. And when they had heard this, the disciples wondered much,
saying: Who then can be saved?
19:26. And Jesus beholding, said to them: With men this is impossible:
but with God all things are possible.
19:27. Then Peter answering, said to him: Behold we have left all
things, and have followed thee: what therefore shall we have?
19:28. And Jesus said to them: Amen I say to you, that you who have
followed me, in the regeneration, when the Son of man shall sit on the
seat of his majesty, you also shall sit on twelve seats judging the
twelve tribes of Israel.
19:29. And every one that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or
father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands for my name's sake,
shall receive an hundredfold, and shall possess life everlasting.
19:30. And many that are first, shall be last: and the last shall be
Matthew Chapter 20
The parable of the labourers in the vineyard. The ambition of the two
sons of Zebedee. Christ gives sight to two blind men.
20:1. The kingdom of heaven is like to an householder, who went out
early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.
20:2. And having agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent
them into his vineyard.
20:3. And going out about the third hour, he saw others standing in the
20:4. And he said to them: Go you also into my vineyard, and I will
give you what shall be just.
20:5. And they went their way. And again he went out about the sixth
and the ninth hour, and did in like manner.
20:6. But about the eleventh hour he went out and found others
standing, and he saith to them: Why stand you here all the day idle?
20:7. They say to him: Because no man hath hired us. He saith to them:
Go ye also into my vineyard.
20:8. And when evening was come, the lord of the vineyard saith to his
steward: Call the labourers and pay them their hire, beginning from the
last even to the first.
20:9. When therefore they were come that came about the eleventh hour,
they received every man a penny.
20:10. But when the first also came, they thought that they should
receive more: And they also received every man a penny.
20:11. And receiving it they murmured against the master of the house,
20:12. Saying: These last have worked but one hour. and thou hast made
them equal to us, that have borne the burden of the day and the heats.
20:13. But he answering said to one of them: friend, I do thee no
wrong: didst thou not agree with me for a penny?
20:14. Take what is thine, and go thy way: I will also give to this
last even as to thee.
20:15. Or, is it not lawful for me to do what I will? Is thy eye evil,
because I am good?
What I will. . .Viz., with my own, and in matters that depend on my own
20:16. So shall the last be first and the first last. For many are
called but few chosen.
20:17. And Jesus going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples apart
and said to them:
20:18. Behold we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of man shall be
betrayed to the chief priests and the scribes: and they shall condemn
him to death.
20:19. And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to be mocked and scourged
and crucified: and the third day he shall rise again.
20:20. Then came to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee with her
sons, adoring and asking something of him.
20:21. Who said to her: What wilt thou? She saith to him: say that
these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on
thy left, in thy kingdom.
20:22. And Jesus answering, said: You know not what you ask. Can you
drink the chalice that I shall drink? They say to him: We can.
20:23. He saith to them: My chalice indeed you shall drink; but to sit
on my right or left hand is not mine to give to you, but to them for
whom it is prepared by my Father.
20:24. And the ten, hearing it, were moved with indignation against the
20:25. But Jesus called them to him and said: You know that the princes
of the Gentiles lord it over them; and that they that are the greater,
exercise power upon them.
20:26. It shall not be so among you: but whosoever is the greater among
you, let him be your minister.
20:27. And he that will be first among you shall be your servant.
20:28. Even as the Son of man is not come to be ministered unto, but to
minister and to give his life a redemption for many.
20:29. And when they went out from Jericho, a great multitude followed
20:30. And behold two blind men sitting by the way side heard that
Jesus passed by. And they cried out, saying: O Lord, thou son of David,
have mercy on us.
20:31. And the multitude rebuked them that they should hold their
peace. But they cried out the more, saying: O Lord, thou son of David,
have mercy on us.
20:32. And Jesus stood and called them and said: What will ye that I do
20:33. They say to him: Lord, that our eyes be opened.
20:34. And Jesus having compassion on them, touched their eyes. And
immediately they saw and followed him.
Matthew Chapter 21
Christ rides into Jerusalem upon an ass. He casts the buyers and
sellers out of the temple, curses the fig tree and puts to silence the
priests and scribes.
21:1. And when they drew nigh to Jerusalem and were come to Bethphage,
unto mount Olivet, then Jesus sent two disciples,
21:2. Saying to them: Go ye into the village that is over against you:
and immediately you shall find an ass tied and a colt with her. Loose
them and bring them to me.
21:3. And if any man shall say anything to you, say ye that the Lord
hath need of them. And forthwith he will let them go.
21:4. Now all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken
by the prophet, saying:
21:5. Tell ye the daughter of Sion: Behold thy king cometh to thee,
meek and sitting upon an ass and a colt, the foal of her that is used
to the yoke.
21:6. And the disciples going, did as Jesus commanded them.
21:7. And they brought the ass and the colt and laid their garments
upon them and made him sit thereon.
21:8. And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way: and
others cut boughs from the trees and strewed them in the way.
21:9. And the multitudes that went before and that followed cried,
saying: Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the
name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.
21:10. And when he was come into Jerusalem, the whole city was moved,
saying: Who is this?
21:11. And the people said: This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of
21:12. And Jesus went into the temple of God and cast out all them that
sold and bought in the temple and overthrew the tables of the money
changers and the chairs of them that sold doves.
21:13. And he saith to them: It is written, My house shall be called
the house of prayer; but you have made it a den of thieves.
21:14. And there came to him the blind and the lame in the temple: and
he healed them.
21:15. And the chief priests and scribes, seeing the wonderful things
that he did and the children crying in the temple and saying: Hosanna
to the son of David, were moved with indignation,
21:16. And said to him: Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus said to
them: Yea, have you never read: Out of the mouth of infants and of
sucklings thou hast perfected praise?
21:17. And leaving them, he went out of the city into Bethania and
21:18. And in the morning, returning into the city, he was hungry.
21:19. And seeing a certain fig tree by the way side, he came to it and
found nothing on it but leaves only. And he saith to it: May no fruit
grow on thee henceforward for ever. And immediately the fig tree
21:20. And the disciples seeing it wondered, saying: How is it
presently withered away?
21:21. And Jesus answering, said to them: Amen, I say to you, if you
shall have faith and stagger not, not only this of the fig tree shall
you do, but also if you shall say to this mountain, Take up and cast
thyself into the sea, it shall be done.
21:22. And all things whatsoever you shall ask in prayer believing, you
21:23. And when he was come into the temple, there came to him, as he
was teaching, the chief priests and ancients of the people, saying: By
what authority dost thou these things? And who hath given thee this
21:24. Jesus answering, said to them: I also will ask you one word,
which if you shall tell me, I will also tell you by what authority I do
21:25. The baptism of John, whence was it? From heaven or from men? But
they thought within themselves, saying:
21:26. If we shall say, from heaven, he will say to us: Why then did
you not believe him? But if we shall say, from men, we are afraid of
the multitude: for all held John as a prophet.
21:27. And answering Jesus, they said: We know not. He also said to
them: Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.
21:28. But what think you? A certain man had two sons: and coming to
the first, he said: Son, go work to day in my vineyard.
21:29. And he answering, said: I will not. But afterwards, being moved
with repentance, he went.
21:30. And coming to the other, he said in like manner. And he
answering said: I go, Sir. And he went not.
21:31. Which of the two did the father's will? They say to him: The
first. Jesus saith to them: Amen I say to you that the publicans and
the harlots shall go into the kingdom of God before you.
21:32. For John came to you in the way of justice: and you did not
believe him. But the publicans and the harlots believed him: but you,
seeing it, did not even afterwards repent, that you might believe him.
21:33. Hear ye another parable. There was a man, an householder, who
planted a vineyard and made a hedge round about it and dug in it a
press and built a tower and let it out to husbandmen and went into a
21:34. And when the time of the fruits drew nigh, he sent his servants
to the husbandmen that they might receive the fruits thereof.
21:35. And the husbandmen laying hands on his servants, beat one and
killed another and stoned another.
21:36. Again he sent other servants, more than the former; and they did
to them in like manner.
21:37. And last of all he sent to them his son, saying: They will
reverence my son.
21:38. But the husbandmen seeing the son, said among themselves: This
is the heir: come, let us kill him, and we shall have his inheritance.
21:39. And taking him, they cast him forth out of the vineyard and
21:40. When therefore the lord of the vineyard shall come, what will he
do to those husbandmen?
21:41. They say to him: He will bring those evil men to an evil end and
let out his vineyard to other husbandmen that shall render him the
fruit in due season.
21:42. Jesus saith to them: Have you never read in the Scriptures: The
stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the
corner? By the Lord this has been done; and it is wonderful in our
21:43. Therefore I say to you that the kingdom of God shall be taken
from you and shall be given to a nation yielding the fruits thereof.
21:44. And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on
whomsoever it shall fall, it shall grind him to powder.
21:45. And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables,
they knew that he spoke of them.
21:46. And seeking to lay hands on him, they feared the multitudes,
because they held him as a prophet.
Matthew Chapter 22
The parable of the marriage feast. Christ orders tribute to be paid to
Caesar. He confutes the Sadducees, shews which is the first commandment
in the law and puzzles the Pharisees.
22:1. And Jesus answering, spoke again in parables to them, saying:
22:2. The kingdom of heaven is likened to a king who made a marriage
for his son.
22:3. And he sent his servants to call them that were invited to the
marriage: and they would not come.
22:4. Again he sent other servants, saying: Tell them that were
invited, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my beeves and fatlings are
killed, and all things are ready. Come ye to the marriage.
22:5. But they neglected and went their ways, one to his farm and
another to his merchandise.
22:6. And the rest laid hands on his servants and, having treated them
contumeliously, put them to death.
22:7. But when the king had heard of it, he was angry: and sending his
armies, he destroyed those murderers and burnt their city.
22:8. Then he saith to his servants: The marriage indeed is ready; but
they that were invited were not worthy.
22:9. Go ye therefore into the highways; and as many as you shall find,
call to the marriage.
22:10. And his servants going forth into the ways, gathered together
all that they found, both bad and good: and the marriage was filled
22:11. And the king went in to see the guests: and he saw there a man
who had not on a wedding garment.
22:12. And he saith to him: Friend, how camest thou in hither not
having on a wedding garment? But he was silent.
22:13. Then the king said to the waiters: Bind his hands and feet, and
cast him into the exterior darkness. There shall be weeping and
gnashing of teeth.
22:14. For many are called, but few are chosen.
22:15. Then the Pharisees going, consulted among themselves how to
insnare him in his speech.
22:16. And they sent to him their disciples with the Herodians, saying:
Master, we know that thou art a true speaker and teachest the way of
God in truth. Neither carest thou for any man: for thou dost not regard
the person of men.
The Herodians. . .That is, some that belonged to Herod, and that joined
with him in standing up for the necessity of paying tribute to Caesar,
that is, to the Roman emperor. Some are of opinion that there was a
sect among the Jews called Herodians, from their maintaining that Herod
was the Messias.
22:17. Tell us therefore what dost thou think? Is it lawful to give
tribute to Caesar, or not?
22:18. But Jesus knowing their wickedness, said: Why do you tempt me,
22:19. Shew me the coin of the tribute. And they offered him a penny.
22:20. And Jesus saith to them: Whose image and inscription is this?
22:21. They say to him: Caesar's. Then he saith to them: Render
therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's; and to God, the
things that are God's.
22:22. And hearing this, they wondered and, leaving him, went their
22:23. That day there came to him the Sadducees, who say there is no
resurrection; and asked him,
22:24. Saying: Master, Moses said: If a man die having no son, his
brother shall marry his wife and raise up issue to his brother.
22:25. Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first having
married a wife, died; and not having issue, left his wife to his
22:26. In like manner the second and the third and so on, to the
22:27. And last of all the woman died also.
22:28. At the resurrection therefore, whose wife of the seven shall she
be? For they all had her.
22:29. And Jesus answering, said to them: You err, not knowing the
Scriptures nor the power of God.
22:30. For in the resurrection they shall neither marry nor be married,
but shall be as the angels of God in heaven.
22:31. And concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read
that which was spoken by God, saying to you:
22:32. I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of
Jacob? He is not the God of the dead but of the living.
22:33. And the multitudes hearing it were in admiration at his
22:34. But the Pharisees, hearing that he had silenced the Sadducees,
22:35. And one of them, a doctor of the law, asked him, tempting him:
22:36. Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
22:37. Jesus said to him: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy
whole heart and with thy whole soul and with thy whole mind.
22:38. This is the greatest and the first commandment.
22:39. And the second is like to this: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as
22:40. On these two commandments dependeth the whole law and the
22:41. And the Pharisees being gathered together, Jesus asked them,
22:42. Saying: What think you of Christ? Whose son is he? They say to
22:43. He saith to them: How then doth David in spirit call him Lord,
22:44. The Lord said to my Lord: Sit on my right hand, until I make thy
enemies thy footstool?
22:45. If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
22:46. And no man was able to answer him a word: neither durst any man
from that day forth ask him any more questions.
Matthew Chapter 23
Christ admonishes the people to follow the good doctrine, not the bad
example of the scribes and Pharisees. He warns his disciples not to
imitate their ambition and denounces divers woes against them for their
hypocrisy and blindness.
23:1. Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to his disciples,
23:2. Saying: The scribes and the Pharisees have sitten on the chair of
23:3. All things therefore whatsoever they shall say to you, observe
and do: but according to their works do ye not. For they say, and do
23:4. For they bind heavy and insupportable burdens and lay them on
men's shoulders: but with a finger of their own they will not move
23:5. And all their works they do for to be seen of men. For they make
their phylacteries broad and enlarge their fringes.
Phylacteries. . .that is, parchments, on which they wrote the ten
commandments, and carried them on their foreheads before their eyes:
which the Pharisees affected to wear broader than other men; so to seem
more zealous for the law.
23:6. And they love the first places at feasts and the first chairs in
23:7. And salutations in the market place, and to be called by men,
23:8. But be not you called Rabbi. For one is your master: and all you
23:9. And call none your father upon earth; for one is your father, who
is in heaven.
Call none your father--Neither be ye called masters, etc. . .The
meaning is that our Father in heaven is incomparably more to be
regarded, than any father upon earth: and no master to be followed, who
would lead us away from Christ. But this does not hinder but that we
are by the law of God to have a due respect both for our parents and
spiritual fathers, (1 Cor. 4. 23:15,) and for our masters and teachers.
23:10. Neither be ye called masters: for one is your master, Christ.
23:11. He that is the greatest among you shall be your servant.
23:12. And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled: and he that
shall humble himself shall be exalted.
23:13. But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you
shut the kingdom of heaven against men: for you yourselves do not enter
in and those that are going in, you suffer not to enter.
23:14. Woe to you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you devour
the houses of widows, praying long prayers. For this you shall receive
the greater judgment.
23:15. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, because you go
round about the sea and the land to make one proselyte. And when he is
made, you make him the child of hell twofold more than yourselves.
23:16. Woe to you, blind guides, that say, Whosoever shall swear by the
temple, it is nothing; but he that shall swear by the gold of the
temple is a debtor.
23:17. Ye foolish and blind: for whether is greater, the gold or the
temple that sanctifieth the gold?
23:18. And whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but
whosoever shall swear by the gift that is upon it is a debtor.
23:19. Ye foolish and blind: for whether is greater, the gift or the
altar that sanctifieth the gift?
23:20. He therefore that sweareth by the altar sweareth by it and by
all things that are upon it.
23:21. And whosoever shall swear by the temple sweareth by it and by
him that dwelleth in it.
23:22. And he that sweareth by heaven sweareth by the throne of God and
by him that sitteth thereon.
23:23. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you tithe
mint and anise and cummin and have left the weightier things of the
law: judgment and mercy and faith. These things you ought to have done
and not to leave those undone.
23:24. Blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel.
23:25. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you make
clean the outside of the cup and of the dish, but within you are full
of rapine and uncleanness.
23:26. Thou blind Pharisee, first make clean the inside of the cup and
of the dish, that the outside may become clean.
23:27. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; because you are
like to whited sepulchres, which outwardly appear to men beautiful but
within are full of dead men's bones and of all filthiness.
23:28. So you also outwardly indeed appear to men just: but inwardly
you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
23:29. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, that build the
sepulchres of the prophets and adorn the monuments of the just,
Build the sepulchres, etc. . .This is not blamed, as if it were in
itself evil to build or adorn the monuments of the prophets: but the
hypocrisy of the Pharisees is here taxed; who, whilst they pretended to
honour the memory of the prophets, were persecuting even unto death the
Lord of the prophets.
23:30. And say: If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not
have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.
23:31. Wherefore you are witnesses against yourselves, that you are the
sons of them that killed the prophets.
23:32. Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.
23:33. You serpents, generation of vipers, how will you flee from the
judgment of hell?
23:34. Therefore behold I send to you prophets and wise men and
scribes: and some of them you will put to death and crucify: and some
you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city.
23:35. That upon you may come all the just blood that hath been shed
upon the earth, from the blood of Abel the just, even unto the blood of
Zacharias the son of Barachias, whom you killed between the temple and
That upon you may come, etc. . .Not that they should suffer more than
their own sins justly deserved; but that the justice of God should now
fall upon them with such a final vengeance, once for all, as might
comprise all the different kinds of judgments and punishments, that had
at any time before been inflicted for the shedding of just blood.
23:36. Amen I say to you, all these things shall come upon this
23:37. Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets and stonest
them that are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered together
thy children, as the hen doth gather her chickens under her wings, and
thou wouldst not?
23:38. Behold, your house shall be left to you, desolate.
23:39. For I say to you, you shall not see me henceforth till you say:
Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.
Matthew Chapter 24
Christ foretells the destruction of the temple, with the signs that
shall come before it and before the last judgment. We must always
24:1. And Jesus being come out of the temple, went away. And his
disciples came to shew him the buildings of the temple.
24:2. And he answering, said to them: Do you see all these things? Amen
I say to you, there shall not be left here a stone upon a stone that
shall not be destroyed.
24:3. And when he was sitting on mount Olivet, the disciples came to
him privately, saying: Tell us when shall these things be? And what
shall be the sign of thy coming and of the consummation of the world?
24:4. And Jesus answering, said to them: Take heed that no man seduce
24:5. For many will come in my name saying, I am Christ. And they will
24:6. And you shall hear of wars and rumours of wars. See that ye be
not troubled. For these things must come to pass: but the end is not
24:7. For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against
kingdom: And there shall be pestilences and famines and earthquakes in
24:8. Now all these are the beginnings of sorrows.
24:9. Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted and shall put you
to death: and you shall be hated by all nations for my name's sake.
24:10. And then shall many be scandalized and shall betray one another
and shall hate one another.
24:11. And many false prophets shall rise and shall seduce many.
24:12. And because iniquity hath abounded, the charity of many shall
24:13. But he that shall persevere to the end, he shall be saved.
24:14. And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole
world, for a testimony to all nations: and then shall the consummation
24:15. When therefore you shall see the abomination of desolation,
which was spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place:
he that readeth let him understand.
24:16. Then they that are in Judea, let them flee to the mountains:
24:17. And he that is on the housetop, let him not come down to take
any thing out of his house:
24:18. And he that is in the field, let him not go back to take his
24:19. And woe to them that are with child and that give suck in those
24:20. But pray that your flight be not in the winter or on the
24:21. For there shall be then great tribulation, such as hath not been
from the beginning of the world until now, neither shall be.
24:22. And unless those days had been shortened, no flesh should be
saved: but for the sake of the elect those days shall be shortened.
24:23. Then if any man shall say to you, Lo here is Christ, or there:
do not believe him.
24:24. For there shall arise false Christs and false prophets and shall
shew great signs and wonders, insomuch as to deceive (if possible) even
24:25. Behold I have told it to you, beforehand.
24:26. If therefore they shall say to you, Behold he is in the desert:
go ye not out. Behold he is in the closets: believe it not.
24:27. For as lightning cometh out of the east and appeareth even into
the west: so shall also the cowling of the Son of man be.
24:28. Wheresoever the body shall be, there shall the eagles also be
Wheresoever, etc. . .The coming of Christ shall be sudden, and manifest
to all the world, like lightning: and wheresoever he shall come,
thither shall all mankind be gathered to him, as eagles are gathered
about a dead body.
24:29. And immediately after the tribulation of those days, the sun
shall be darkened and the moon shall not give her light and the stars
shall fall from heaven and the powers of heaven shall be moved.
The stars. . .Or flaming meteors resembling stars.
24:30. And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven. And
then shall all tribes of the earth mourn: and they shall see the Son of
man coming in the clouds of heaven with much power and majesty.
The sign, etc. . .The cross of Christ.
24:31. And he shall send his angels with a trumpet and a great voice:
and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the
farthest parts of the heavens to the utmost bounds of them.
24:32. And from the fig tree learn a parable: When the branch thereof
is now tender and the leaves come forth, you know that summer is nigh.
24:33. So you also, when you shall see all these things, know ye that
it is nigh, even at the doors.
24:34. Amen I say to you that this generation shall not pass till all
these things be done.
24:35. Heaven and earth shall pass: but my words shall not pass.
Shall pass. . .Because they shall be changed at the end of the world
into a new heaven and new earth.
24:36. But of that day and hour no one knoweth: no, not the angels of
heaven, but the Father alone.
24:37. And as in the days of Noe, so shall also the coming of the Son
of man be.
24:38. For, as in the days before the flood they were eating and
drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, even till that day in which
Noe entered into the ark:
24:39. And they knew not till the flood came and took them all away: so
also shall the coming of the Son of man be.
24:40. Then two shall be in the field. One shall be taken and one shall
24:41. Two women shall be grinding at the mill. One shall be taken and
one shall be left.
24:42. Watch ye therefore, because you know not what hour your Lord
24:43. But this know ye, that, if the goodman of the house knew at what
hour the thief would come, he would certainly watch and would not
suffer his house to be broken open.
24:44. Wherefore be you also ready, because at what hour you know not
the Son of man will come.
24:45. Who, thinkest thou, is a faithful and wise servant, whom his
lord hath appointed over his family, to give them meat in season?
24:46. Blessed is that servant, whom when his lord shall come he shall
find so doing.
24:47. Amen I say to you: he shall place him over all his goods.
24:48. But if that evil servant shall say in his heart: My lord is long
24:49. And shall begin to strike his fellow servants and shall eat and
drink with drunkards:
24:50. The lord of that servant shall come in a day that he hopeth not
and at an hour that he knoweth not:
24:51. And shall separate him and appoint his portion with the
hypocrites. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew Chapter 25
The parable of the ten virgins and of the talents. The description of
the last judgment.
25:1. Then shall the kingdom of heaven be like to ten virgins, who
taking their lamps went out to meet the bridegroom and the bride.
25:2. And five of them were foolish and five wise.
25:3. But the five foolish, having taken their lamps, did not take oil
25:4. But the wise took oil in their vessels with the lamps.
25:5. And the bridegroom tarrying, they all slumbered and slept.
25:6. And at midnight there was a cry made: Behold the bridegroom
cometh. Go ye forth to meet him.
25:7. Then all those virgins arose and trimmed their lamps.
25:8. And the foolish said to the wise: Give us of your oil, for our
lamps are gone out.
25:9. The wise answered, saying: Lest perhaps there be not enough for
us and for you, go ye rather to them that sell and buy for yourselves.
25:10. Now whilst they went to buy the bridegroom came: and they that
were ready went in with him to the marriage. And the door was shut.
25:11. But at last came also the other virgins, saying: Lord, Lord,
open to us.
25:12. But he answering said: Amen I say to you, I know you not.
25:13. Watch ye therefore, because you know not the day nor the hour.
25:14. For even as a man going into a far country called his servants
and delivered to them his goods;
25:15. And to one he gave five talents, and to another two, and to
another one, to every one according to his proper ability: and
immediately he took his journey.
25:16. And he that had received the five talents went his way and
traded with the same and gained other five.
25:17. And in like manner he that had received the two gained other
25:18. But he that had received the one, going his way, digged into the
earth and hid his lord's money.
25:19. But after a long time the lord of those servants came and
reckoned with them.
25:20. And he that had received the five talents coming, brought other
five talents, saying: Lord, thou didst deliver to me five talents.
Behold I have gained other five over and above.
25:21. His lord said to him: Well done, good and faithful servant,
because thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will place thee
over many things. Enter thou into the joy of thy lord.
25:22. And he also that had received the two talents came and said:
Lord, thou deliveredst two talents to me. Behold I have gained other
25:23. His lord said to him: Well done, good and faithful servant:
because thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will place thee
over many things. Enter thou into the joy of thy lord.
25:24. But he that had received the one talent, came and said: Lord, I
know that thou art a hard man; thou reapest where thou hast not sown
and gatherest where thou hast not strewed.
25:25. And being afraid, I went and hid thy talent in the earth. Behold
here thou hast that which is thine.
25:26. And his lord answering, said to him: Wicked and slothful
servant, thou knewest that I reap where I sow not and gather where I
have not strewed.
25:27. Thou oughtest therefore to have committed my money to the
bankers: and at my coming I should have received my own with usury.
25:28. Take ye away therefore the talent from him and give it him that
hath ten talents.
25:29. For to every one that hath shall be given, and he shall abound:
but from him that hath not, that also which he seemeth to have shall be
25:30. And the unprofitable servant, cast ye out into the exterior
darkness. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
25:31. And when the Son of man shall come in his majesty, and all the
angels with him, then shall he sit upon the seat of his majesty.
25:32. And all nations shall be gathered together before him: and he
shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the
sheep from the goats:
25:33. And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on
25:34. Then shall the king say to them that shall be on his right hand:
Come, ye blessed of my Father, possess you the kingdom prepared for you
from the foundation of the world.
25:35. For I was hungry, and you gave me to eat: I was thirsty, and you
gave me to drink: I was a stranger, and you took me in:
25:36. Naked, and you covered me: sick, and you visited me: I was in
prison, and you came to me.
25:37. Then shall the just answer him, saying: Lord, when did we see
thee hungry and fed thee: thirsty and gave thee drink?
25:38. Or when did we see thee a stranger and took thee in? Or naked
and covered thee?
25:39. Or when did we see thee sick or in prison and came to thee?
25:40. And the king answering shall say to them: Amen I say to you, as
long as you did it to one of these my least brethren, you did it to me.
25:41. Then he shall say to them also that shall be on his left hand:
Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire, which was prepared
for the devil and his angels.
25:42. For I was hungry and you gave me not to eat: I was thirsty and
you gave me not to drink.
25:43. I was a stranger and you took me not in: naked and you covered
me not: sick and in prison and you did not visit me.
25:44. Then they also shall answer him, saying: Lord, when did we see
thee hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison and
did not minister to thee?
25:45. Then he shall answer them, saying: Amen: I say to you, as long
as you did it not to one of these least, neither did you do it to me.
25:46. And these shall go into everlasting punishment: but the just,
into life everlasting.
Matthew Chapter 26
The Jews conspire against Christ. He is anointed by Mary. The treason
of Judas. The last supper. The prayer in the garden. The apprehension
of our Lord. His treatment in the house of Caiphas.
26:1. And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended all these words, he
said to his disciples:
26:2. You know that after two days shall be the pasch: and the Son of
man shall be delivered up to be crucified.
26:3. Then were gathered together the chief priests and ancients of the
people, into the court of the high priest, who was called Caiphas:
26:4. And they consulted together that by subtilty they might apprehend
Jesus and put him to death.
26:5. But they said: Not on the festival day, lest perhaps there should
be a tumult among the people.
26:6. And when Jesus was in Bethania, in the house of Simon the leper,
26:7. There came to him a woman having an alabaster box of precious
ointment and poured it on his head as he was at table.
26:8. And the disciples seeing it had indignation, saying: To what
purpose is this waste?
26:9. For this might have been sold for much and given to the poor.
26:10. And Jesus knowing it, said to them: Why do you trouble this
woman? For she hath wrought a good work upon me.
26:11. For the poor you have always with you: but me you have not
Me you have not always. . .Viz., in a visible manner, as when conversant
here on earth; and as we have the poor, whom we may daily assist and