Part 55 out of 74
the place: and he quickly broke the oath that he had taken, and gave
commandment to throw down the wall round about.
6:63. And he departed in haste and returned to Antioch, where he found
Philip master of the city: and he fought against him, and took the
1 Machabees Chapter 7
Demetrius is made king, and sends Bacchides and Alcimus the priest into
Judea, and after them Nicanor, who is slain by Judas with all his army.
7:1. In the hundred and fifty-first year, Demetrius, the son of
Seleucus, departed from the city of Rome, and came up with few men into
a city of the sea coast, and reigned there.
7:2. And it came to pass as he entered into the house of the kingdom of
his fathers, that the army seized upon Antiochus, and Lysias, to bring
them unto him.
7:3. And when he knew it, he said: Let me not see their face.
7:4. So the army slew them. And Demetrius sat upon the throne of his
7:5. And there came to him the wicked and ungodly men of Israel: and
Alcimus was at the head of them, who desired to be made high priest.
7:6. And they accused the people to the king, saying: Judas and his
brethren have destroyed all thy friends, and he hath driven us out of
7:7. Now, therefore, send some men whom thou trustest, and let him go,
and see all the havoc he hath made amongst us, and in the king's lands:
and let him punish all his friends and their helpers.
7:8. Then the king chose Bacchides, one of his friends, that ruled
beyond the great river in the kingdom, and was faithful to the king:
and he sent him,
7:9. To see the havoc that Judas had made: and the wicked Alcimus he
made high priest, and commanded him to take revenge upon the children
7:10. And they arose, and came with a great army into the land of Juda:
and they sent messengers, and spoke to Judas and his brethren with
peaceable words, deceitfully.
7:11. But they gave no heed to their words: for they saw that they were
come with a great army.
7:12. Then there assembled to Alcimus and Bacchides a company of the
scribes, to require things that are just:
7:13. And first the Assideans, that were among the children of Israel,
and they sought peace of them.
7:14. For they said: One that is a priest of the seed of Aaron is come,
he will not deceive us.
7:15. And he spoke to them peaceably: and he swore to them, saying: We
will do you no harm, nor your friends.
7:16. And they believed him. And he took threescore of them, and slew
them in one day, according to the word that is written:
7:17. The flesh of thy saints, and the blood of them they have shed round
about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury them.
7:18. Then fear and trembling fell upon all the people: for they said:
There is no truth, nor justice among them: for they have broken the
covenant, and the oath which they made.
7:19. And Bacchides removed the camp from Jerusalem, and pitched in
Bethzecha: and he sent, and took many of them that were fled away from
him, and some of the people he killed, and threw them into a great pit.
7:20. Then he committed the country to Alcimus, and left with him
troops to help him. So Bacchides went away to the king.
7:21. But Alcimus did what he could to maintain his chief priesthood.
7:22. And they that disturbed the people resorted to him, and they got
the land of Juda into their power, and did much hurt in Israel.
7:23. And Judas saw all the evils that Alcimus, and they that were with
him, did to the children of Israel, much more than the Gentiles.
7:24. And he went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and
took vengeance upon the men that had revolted, and they ceased to go
forth any more into the country.
7:25. And Alcimus saw that Judas and they that were with him,
prevailed: and he knew that he could not stand against them, and he
went back to the king, and accused them of many crimes.
7:26. And the king sent Nicanor, one of his principal lords, who was a
great enemy to Israel: and he commanded him to destroy the people.
7:27. And Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great army, and he sent to
Judas and to his brethren deceitfully, with friendly words,
7:28. Saying: Let there be no fighting between me and you: I will come
with a few men, to see your faces with peace.
7:29. And he came to Judas, and they saluted one another peaceably: and
the enemies were prepared to take away Judas by force.
7:30. And the thing was known to Judas that he was come to him with
deceit: and he was much afraid of him, and would not see his face any
7:31. And Nicanor knew that his counsel was discovered: and he went out
to fight against Judas, near Capharsalama.
7:32. And there fell of Nicanor's army almost five thousand men, and
they fled into the city of David.
7:33. And after this Nicanor went up into mount Sion: and some of the
priests and the people came out to salute him peaceably, and to shew
him the holocausts that were offered for the king.
7:34. But he mocked and despised them, and abused them: and he spoke
7:35. And swore in anger, saying: Unless Judas and his army be
delivered into my hands, as soon as ever I return in peace, I will burn
this house. And he went out in a great rage.
7:36. And the priests went in, and stood before the face of the altar
and the temple: and weeping, they said:
7:37. Thou, O Lord, hast chosen this house for thy name to be called
upon therein, that it might be a house of prayer and supplication for
7:38. Be avenged of this man, and his army, and let them fall by the
sword: remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to continue any
7:39. Then Nicanor went out from Jerusalem, and encamped near to
Bethoron: and an army of Syria joined him.
7:40. But Judas pitched in Adarsa with three thousand men: and Judas
prayed, and said:
7:41. O Lord, when they that were sent by king Sennacherib blasphemed
thee, an angel went out, and slew of them a hundred and eighty-five
7:42. Even so destroy this army in our sight today and let the rest
know that he hath spoken ill against thy sanctuary: and judge thou him
according to his wickedness.
7:43. And the armies joined battle on the thirteenth day of the month,
Adar: and the army of Nicanor was defeated, and he himself was first
slain in the battle.
7:44. And when his army saw that Nicanor was slain they threw away
their weapons, and fled:
7:45. And they pursued after them one day's journey from Adazer, even
till ye come to Gazara, and they sounded the trumpets after them with
7:46. And they went forth out of all the towns of Judea round about,
and they pushed them with the horns, and they turned again to them, and
they were all slain with the sword, and there was not left of them so
much as one.
7:47. And they took the spoils of them for a booty, and they cut off
Nicanor's head, and his right hand, which he had proudly stretched out,
and they brought it, and hung it up over against Jerusalem.
7:48. And the people rejoiced exceedingly, and they spent that day with
7:49. And he ordained that this day should be kept every year, being
the thirteenth of the month of Adar
7:50. And the land of Juda was quiet for a short time.
1 Machabees Chapter 8
Judas hears of the great character of the Romans: he makes a league
8:1. Now Judas heard of the fame of the Romans, that they are powerful
and strong, and willingly agree to all things that are requested of
them: and that whosoever have come to them, they have made amity with
them, and that they are mighty in power.
8:2. And they heard of their battles, and their noble acts which they
had done in Galatia, how they had conquered them, and brought them
They heard, etc. . .What is here set down of the history and character
of the ancient Romans, is not an assertion, or affirmation of the
sacred writer: but only a relation of what Judas had heard of them.
8:3. And how great things they had done in the land of Spain, and that
they had brought under their power the mines of silver and of gold that
are there, and had gotten possession of all the place by their counsel
8:4. And had conquered places that were very far off from them, and
kings that came against them from the ends of the earth, and had
overthrown them with great slaughter: and the rest pay them tribute
8:5. And that they had defeated in battle Philip and Perses the king of
the Ceteans, and the rest that had borne arms against them, and had
Ceteans. . .That is, the Macedonians.
8:6. And how Antiochus, the great king of Asia, who went to fight
against them, having a hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and
chariots, and a very great army, was routed by them.
8:7. And how they took him alive, and appointed to him, that both he
and they that should reign after him, should pay a great tribute, and
that he should give hostages, and that which was agreed upon,
8:8. And the country of the Indians, and of the Medes, and of the
Lydians, some of their best provinces: and those which they had taken
from them, they gave to king Eumenes.
Eumenes. . .King of Pergamus.
8:9. And that they who were in Greece, had a mind to go and to destroy
them: and they had knowledge thereof,
8:10. And they sent a general against them, and fought with them, and
many of them were slain, and they carried away their wives, and their
children captives, and spoiled them, and took possession of their land,
and threw down their walls, and brought them to be their servants unto
8:11. And the other kingdoms, and islands, that at any time had
resisted them, they had destroyed and brought under their power.
8:12. But with their friends, and such as relied upon them, they kept
amity, and had conquered kingdoms that were near, and that were far
off: for all that heard their name, were afraid of them.
8:13. That whom they had a mind to help to a kingdom, those reigned:
and whom they would, they deposed from the kingdom: and they were
8:14. And none of all these wore a crown, or was clothed in purple, to
be magnified thereby.
8:15. And that they had made themselves a senate house, and consulted
daily three hundred and twenty men, that sat in counsel always for the
people, that they might do the things that were right:
8:16. And that they committed their government to one man every year,
to rule over all their country, and they all obey one, and there is no
envy nor jealousy amongst them.
To one man. . .There were two consuls: but one only ruled at one time,
each in his day.--Ibid. No envy, etc. . .So Judas had heard: and it was
so far true, with regard to the ancient Romans, that as yet no envy or
jealousy had divided them into such open factions and civil wars, as
they afterwards experienced in the time of Marius and Sylla, etc.
8:17. So Judas chose Eupolemus, the son of John, the son of Jacob, and
Jason, the son of Eleazar, and he sent them to Rome to make a league of
amity and confederacy with them:
8:18. And that they might take off from them the yoke of the Grecians,
for they saw that they oppressed the kingdom of Israel with servitude.
8:19. And they went to Rome, a very long journey, and they entered into
the senate house, and said:
8:20. Judas Machabeus, and his brethren, and the people of the Jews,
have sent us to you to make alliance and peace with you, and that we
may be registered your confederates and friends.
8:21. And the proposal was pleasing in their sight.
8:22. And this is the copy of the writing that they wrote back again,
graven in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that it might be with
them there for a memorial of the peace, and alliance.
8:23. GOOD SUCCESS BE TO THE ROMANS, and to the people of the Jews by
sea, and by land, for ever: and far be the sword and enemy from them.
8:24. But if there come first any war upon the Romans, or any of their
confederates, in all their dominions:
8:25. The nation of the Jews shall help them according as the time
shall direct, with all their heart:
8:26. Neither shall they give them, whilst they are fighting, or
furnish them with wheat, or arms, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed
good to the Romans: and they shall obey their orders, without taking
any thing of them.
8:27. In like manner also if war shall come first upon the nation of
the Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart, according as
the time shall permit them:
8:28. And there shall not be given to them that come to their aid,
either wheat, or arms, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to
the Romans: and they shall observe their orders without deceit.
8:29. According to these articles did the Romans covenant with the
people of the Jews.
8:30. And, if after this, one party or the other shall have a mind to
add to these articles, or take away any thing, they may do it at their
pleasure: and whatsoever they shall add, or take away, shall be
8:31. Moreover, concerning the evils that Demetrius, the king, hath
done against them, we have written to him, saying: Why hast thou made
thy yoke heavy upon our friends and allies, the Jews.
8:32. If, therefore, they come again to us complaining of thee, we will
do them justice, and will make war against thee by sea and land.
1 Machabees Chapter 9
Bacchides is sent again into Judea: Judas fights against him with eight
hundred men and is slain. Jonathan succeeds him and revenges the murder
of his brother John. He fights against Bacchides. Alcimus dies
miserably. Bacchides besieges Bethbessen. He is forced to raise the
siege and leave the country.
9:1. In the mean time, when Demetrius heard that Nicanor and his army
were fallen in battle, he sent again Bacchides and Alcimus into Judea;
and the right wing of his army with them.
9:2. And they took the road that leadeth to Galgal, and they camped in
Masaloth, which is in Arabella: and they made themselves masters of it,
and slew many people.
9:3. In the first month of the hundred and fifty-second year they
brought the army to Jerusalem:
9:4. And they arose and went to Berea, with twenty thousand men, and
two thousand horsemen.
9:5. Now Judas had pitched his tents in Laisa, and three thousand
chosen men with him:
9:6. And they saw the multitude of the army that they were many, and
they were seized with great fear: and many withdrew themselves out of
the camp, and there remained of them no more than eight hundred men.
9:7. And Judas saw that his army slipped away, and the battle pressed
upon him, and his heart was cast down: because he had not time to
gather them together, and he was discouraged.
9:8. Then he said to them that remained: Let us arise, and go against
our enemies, if we may be able to fight against them.
9:9. But they dissuaded him, saying: We shall not be able, but let us
save our lives now, and return to our brethren, and then we will fight
against them: for we are but few.
9:10. Then Judas said: God forbid we should do this thing, and flee
away from them: but if our time be come, let us die manfully for our
brethren, and let us not stain our glory.
9:11. And the army removed out of the camp, and they stood over against
them: and the horsemen were divided into two troops, and the slingers,
and the archers, went before the army, and they that were in the front
were all men of valour.
9:12. And Bacchides was in the right wing, and the legion drew near on
two sides, and they sounded the trumpets:
9:13. And they also that were on Judas's side, even they also cried
out, and the earth shook at the noise of the armies: and the battle was
fought from morning even unto the evening.
9:14. And Judas perceived that the stronger part of the army of
Bacchides was on the right side, and all the stout of heart came
together with him:
9:15. And the right wing was discomfited by them, and he pursued them
even to the mount Azotus.
9:16. And they that were in the left wing saw that the right wing was
discomfited, and they followed after Judas, and them that were with
him, at their back:
9:17. And the battle was hard fought, and there fell many wounded of
the one side and of the other.
9:18. And Judas was slain, and the rest fled away.
9:19. And Jonathan and Simon took Judas, their brother, and buried him
in the sepulchre of their fathers, in the city of Modin.
9:20. And all the people of Israel bewailed him with great lamentation,
and they mourned for him many days.
9:21. And said: How is the mighty man fallen, that saved the people of
9:22. But the rest of the words of the wars of Judas, and of the noble
acts that he did, and of his greatness, are not written: for they were
9:23. And it came to pass, after the death of Judas, that the wicked
began to put forth their heads in all the confines of Israel, and all
the workers of iniquity rose up.
9:24. In those days there was a very great famine, and they and all
their country yielded to Bacchides.
9:25. And Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of the
9:26. And they sought out, and made diligent search after the friends
of Judas, and brought them to Bacchides, and he took vengeance of them,
and abused them.
9:27. And there was a great tribulation in Israel, such as was not
since the day, that there was no prophet seen in Israel.
9:28. And all the friends of Judas came together, and said to Jonathan:
9:29. Since thy brother Judas died there is not a man like him to go
forth against our enemies, Bacchides, and them that are the enemies of
9:30. Now, therefore, we have chosen thee this day to be our prince,
and captain, in his stead, to fight our battles.
9:31. So Jonathan took upon him the government at that time, and rose
up in the place of Judas, his brother
9:32. And Bacchides had knowledge of it, and sought to kill him.
9:33. And Jonathan, and Simon, his brother, knew it, and all that were
with them: and they fled into the desert of Thecua, and they pitched by
the water of the lake Asphar,
9:34. And Bacchides understood it, and he came himself, with all his
army, over the Jordan, on the sabbath day.
9:35. And Jonathan sent his brother, a captain of the people, to desire
the Nabutheans his friends, that they would lend them their equipage,
which was copious.
9:36. And the children of Jambri came forth out of Madaba, and took
John, and all that he had, and went away with them.
9:37. After this it was told Jonathan, and Simon, his brother, that the
children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride
out of Madaba, the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan,
with great pomp.
9:38. And they remembered the blood of John, their brother: and they
went up, and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain.
9:39. And they lifted up their eyes, and saw: and behold a tumult, and
great preparation: and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends, and
his brethren to meet them with timbrels, and musical instruments and
9:40. And they rose up against them from the place where they lay in
ambush, and slew them, and there fell many wounded, and the rest fled
into the mountains, and they took all their spoils:
9:41. And the marriage was turned into mourning, and the noise of their
musical instruments into lamentation.
9:42. And they took revenge for the blood of their brother: and they
returned to the bank of the Jordan.
9:43. And Bacchides heard it, and he came on the sabbath day even to
the bank of the Jordan, with a great power.
9:44. And Jonathan said to his company: Let us arise, and fight against
our enemies: for it is not now as yesterday, and the day before.
9:45. For behold the battle is before us, and the water of the Jordan
on this side and on that side, and banks, and marshes, and woods: and
there is no place for us to turn aside.
9:46. Now, therefore, cry ye to heaven, that ye may be delivered from
the hand of your enemies. And they joined battle.
9:47. And Jonathan stretched forth his hand to strike Bacchides, but he
turned away from him backwards.
9:48. And Jonathan, and they that were with him, leapt into the Jordan,
and swam over the Jordan to them.
9:49. And there fell of Bacchides' side that day a thousand men: and
they returned to Jerusalem,
9:50. And they built strong cities in Judea, the fortress that was in
Jericho, and in Ammaus, and in Bethoron, and in Bethel, and Thamnata,
and Phara, and Thopo, with high walls, and gates, and bars.
9:51. And he placed garrisons in them, that they might wage war against
9:52. And he fortified the city of Bethsura, and Gazara, and the
castle, and set garrisons in them, and provisions of victuals:
9:53. And he took the sons of the chief men of the country for
hostages, and put them in the castle in Jerusalem in custody.
9:54. Now in the year one hundred and fifty-three, the second month,
Alcimus commanded the walls of the inner court of the sanctuary to be
thrown down, and the works of the prophets to be destroyed: and he
began to destroy.
9:55. At that time Alcimus was struck: and his works were hindered, and
his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no
more speak a word, nor give order concerning his house.
9:56. And Alcimus died at that time in great torment.
9:57. And Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead: and he returned to the
king, and the land was quiet for two years.
9:58. And all the wicked held a council, saying: Behold Jonathan, and
they that are with him, dwell at ease and without fear: now, therefore,
let us bring Bacchides hither, and he shall take them all in one night.
9:59. So they went, and gave him counsel.
9:60. And he arose to come with a great army: and he sent secretly
letters to his adherents that were in Judea to seize upon Jonathan, and
them that were with him: but they could not, for their design was known
9:61. And he apprehended of the men of the country, that were the
principal authors of the mischief, fifty men, and he slew them.
9:62. And Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him, retired
into Bethbessen, which is in the desert: and he repaired the breaches
thereof, and they fortified it.
9:63. And when Bacchides knew it, he gathered together all his
multitude: and sent word to them that were of Judea.
9:64. And he came, and camped above Bethbessen, and fought against it
many days, and made engines.
9:65. But Jonathan left his brother, Simon, in the city and went forth
into the country, and came with a number of men,
9:66. And struck Odares, and his brethren, and the children of
Phaseron, in their tents, and he began to slay, and to increase in
9:67. But Simon, and they that were with him, sallied out of the city,
and burnt the engines,
9:68. And they fought against Bacchides, and he was discomfited by
them: and they afflicted him exceedingly, for his counsel, and his
enterprise was in vain.
9:69. And he was angry with the wicked men that had given him counsel
to come into their country, and he slew many of them: and he purposed
to return with the rest into their country.
9:70. And Jonathan had knowledge of it, and he sent ambassadors to him
to make peace with him, and to restore to him the prisoners.
9:71. And he accepted it willingly, and did according to his words, and
swore that he would do him no harm all the days of his life.
9:72. And he restored to him the prisoners which he before had taken
out of the land of Juda: and he returned, and went away into his own
country, and he came no more into their borders.
9:73. So the sword ceased from Israel: and Jonathan dwelt in Machmas,
and Jonathan began there to judge the people, and he destroyed the
wicked out of Israel.
1 Machabees Chapter 10
Alexander Bales sets himself up for king: both he and Demetrius seek to
make Jonathan their friend. Alexander kills Demetrius in battle, and
honours Jonathan. His victory over Apollonius.
10:1. Now in the hundred and sixtieth year, Alexander, the son of
Antiochus, surnamed the Illustrious, came up and took Ptolemais, and
they received him, and he reigned there.
10:2. And king Demetrius heard of it, and gathered together an
exceeding great army, and went forth against him to fight.
10:3. And Demetrius sent a letter to Jonathan, with peaceable words, to
10:4. For he said: Let us first make a peace with him, before he make
one with Alexander against us.
10:5. For he will remember all the evils that we have done against him,
and against his brother, and against his nation.
10:6. And he gave him authority to gather together a army, and to make
arms, and that he should be his confederate: and the hostages that were
in the castle, he commanded to be delivered to him.
10:7. And Jonathan came to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the
hearing of all the people, and of them that were in the castle.
10:8. And they were struck with great fear, because they heard that the
king had given him authority to gather together an army.
10:9. And the hostages were delivered to Jonathan, and he restored them
to their parents.
10:10. And Jonathan dwelt in Jerusalem, and began to build, and to
repair the city.
10:11. And he ordered workmen to build the walls, and mount Sion round
about with square stones for fortification: and so they did.
10:12. Then the strangers that were in the strong holds, which
Bacchides had built, fled away.
10:13. And every man left his place, and departed into his own country:
10:14. Only in Bethsura there remained some of them, that had forsaken
the law, and the commandments of God: for this was a place of refuge
10:15. And king Alexander heard of the promises that Demetrius had made
Jonathan: and they told him of the battles, and the worthy acts that he
and his brethren had done, and the labours that they had endured.
10:16. And he said: Shall we find such another man? now, therefore, we
will make him our friend and our confederate.
10:17. So he wrote a letter, and sent it to him according to these
10:18. King Alexander to his brother, Jonathan, greetings.
10:19. We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power, and
fit to be our friend:
10:20. Now therefore, we make thee this day high priest of thy nation,
and that thou be called the king's friend, (and he sent him a purple
robe, and a crown of gold) and that thou be of one mind with us in our
affairs, and keep friendship with us.
10:21. Then Jonathan put on the holy vestment in the seventh month, in
the year one hundred and threescore, at the feast day of the
tabernacles: and he gathered together an army, and made a great number
10:22. And Demetrius heard these words, and was exceeding sorry, and
10:23. What is this that we have done, that Alexander hath prevented us
to gain the friendship of the Jews to strengthen himself?
10:24. I also will write to them words of request, and offer dignities,
and gifts: that they may be with me to aid me.
10:25. And he wrote to them in these words: King Demetrius to the
nation of the Jews, greeting.
10:26. Whereas you have kept covenant with us, and have continued in
our friendship, and have not joined with our enemies, we have heard of
it, and are glad.
10:27. Wherefore now continue still to keep fidelity towards us, and we
will reward you with good things, for what you have done in our behalf.
10:28. And we will remit to you many charges, and will give you gifts.
10:29. And now I free you, and all the Jews, from tributes, and I
release you from the customs of salt, and remit the crowns, and the
thirds of the seed:
10:30. And the half of the fruit of trees, which is my share, I leave
to you from this day forward, so that it shall not be taken of the land
of Juda, and of the three cities that are added thereto out of Samaria
and Galilee, from this day forth, and for ever:
10:31. And let Jerusalem be holy and free, with the borders thereof:
and let the tenths, and tributes be for itself.
10:32. I yield up also the power of the castle that is in Jerusalem,
and I give it to the high priest, to place therein such men as he shall
choose, to keep it.
10:33. And every soul of the Jews that hath been carried captive from
the land of Juda in all my kingdom, I set at liberty freely, that all
be discharged from tributes, even of their cattle.
10:34. And I will that all the feasts, and the sabbaths, and the new
moons, and the days appointed, and three days before the solemn day,
and three days after the solemn day, be all days of immunity and
freedom, for all the Jews that are in my kingdom:
10:35. And no man shall have power to do any thing against them, or to
molest any of them, in any cause.
10:36. And let there be enrolled in the king's army to the number of
thirty thousand of the Jews: and allowance shall be made them, as is
due to all the king's forces and certain of them shall be appointed to
be in the fortresses of the great king:
10:37. And some of them shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom,
that are of trust, and let the governors be taken from among
themselves, and let them walk in their own laws, as the king hath
commanded in the land of Juda.
10:38. And the three cities that are added to Judea, out of the country
of Samaria, let them be accounted with Judea: that they may be under
one, and obey no other authority but that of the high priest:
10:39. Ptolemais and the confines thereof, I give as a free gift to the
holy places that are in Jerusalem, for the necessary charges of the
10:40. And I give every year fifteen thousand sickles of silver out of
the king's accounts, of what belongs to me:
10:41. And all that is above, which they that were over the affairs the
years before, had not paid, from this time they shall give it to the
works of the house.
10:42. Moreover, the five thousand sickles of silver, which they
received from the account of the holy places, every year, shall also
belong to the priests that execute the ministry.
10:43. And whosoever shall flee into the temple that is in Jerusalem,
and in all the borders thereof, being indebted to the king for any
matter, let them be set at liberty, and all that they have in my
kingdom, let them have it free.
10:44. For the building also, or repairing the works of the holy
places, the charges shall be given out of the king's revenues:
10:45. For the building also of the walls of Jerusalem, and the
fortifying thereof round about, the charges shall be given out of the
king's account, as also for the building of the walls in Judea.
10:46. Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave no
credit to them, nor received them because they remembered the great
evil that he had done in Israel, for he had afflicted them exceedingly.
10:47. And their inclinations were towards Alexander, because he had
been the chief promoter of peace in their regard, and him they always
10:48. And king Alexander gathered together a great army, and moved his
camp near to Demetrius.
10:49. And the two kings joined battle, and the army of Demetrius fled
away, and Alexander pursued after him, and pressed them close.
10:50. And the battle was hard fought, till the sun went down: and
Demetrius was slain that day.
10:51. And Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of Egypt, with
words to this effect, saying:
Ptolemee. . .Surnamed Philometer.
10:52. Forasmuch as I am returned into my kingdom and am set in the
throne of my ancestors, and have gotten the dominion, and have
overthrown Demetrius and possessed our country,
10:53. And have joined battle with him, and both he and his army have
been destroyed by us, and we are placed in the throne of his kingdom:
10:54. Now, therefore, let us make friendship one with another: and
give me now thy daughter to wife, and I will be thy son in law, and I
will give both thee and her gifts worthy of thee.
10:55. And king Ptolomee answered, saying: Happy is the day wherein
thou didst return to the land of thy fathers, and sattest in the throne
of their kingdom.
10:56. And now I will do to thee as thou hast written but meet me at
Ptolemais, that we may see one another, and I may give her to thee as
thou hast said.
10:57. So Ptolemee went out of Egypt, with Cleopatra his daughter, and
he came to Ptolemais, in the hundred and sixty-second year.
10:58. And king Alexander met him, and he gave him his daughter,
Cleopatra: and he celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with great
glory, after the manner of kings.
10:59. And king Alexander wrote to Jonathan, that he should come and
10:60. And he went honourably to Ptolemais, and he met there the two
kings, and he gave them much silver, and gold, and presents: and he
found favour in their sight.
10:61. And some pestilent men of Israel, men of a wicked life,
assembled themselves against him, to accuse him: and the king gave no
heed to them.
10:62. And he commanded that Jonathan's garments should be taken off,
and that he should be clothed with purple: and they did so. And the
king made him sit by himself.
10:63. And he said to his princes: Go out with him into the midst of
the city, and make proclamation, that no man complain against him of
any matter, and that no man trouble him for any manner of cause.
10:64. So when his accusers saw his glory proclaimed, and him clothed
with purple, they all fled away.
10:65. And the king magnified him, and enrolled him amongst his chief
friends, and made him governor, and partaker of his dominion.
10:66. And Jonathan returned into Jerusalem with peace and joy.
10:67. In the year one hundred and sixty-five, Demetrius, the son of
Demetrius, came from Crete into the land of his fathers.
10:68. And king Alexander heard of it, and was much troubled, and
returned to Antioch.
10:69. And king Demetrius made Apollonius his general, who was governor
of Celesyria: and he gathered together a great army, and came to
Jamnia: and he sent to Jonathan, the high priest,
10:70. Saying: Thou alone standest against us, and I am laughed at and
reproached, because thou shewest thy power against us in the mountains.
10:71. Now, therefore, if thou trustest in thy forces, come down to us
into the plain, and there let us try one another: for with me is the
strength of war.
10:72. Ask, and learn who I am, and the rest that help me, who also say
that your foot cannot stand before our face, for thy fathers have twice
been put to flight in their own land:
10:73. And now how wilt thou be able to abide the horsemen, and so
great an army in the plain, where there is no stone, nor rock, nor
place to flee to?
10:74. Now when Jonathan heard the words of Apollonius, he was moved in
his mind: and he chose ten thousand men, and went out of Jerusalem, and
Simon, his brother, met him to help him.
10:75. And they pitched their tents near Joppe, but they shut him out
of the city: because a garrison of Apollonius was in Joppe, and he laid
siege to it.
10:76. And they that were in the city being affrighted, opened the
gates to him: so Jonathan took Joppe.
10:77. And Apollonius heard of it, and he took three thousand horsemen,
and a great army.
10:78. And he went to Azotus, as one that was making a journey, and
immediately he went forth into the plain: because he had a great number
of horsemen, and he trusted in them. And Jonathan followed after him to
Azotus, and they joined battle.
10:79. And Apollonius left privately in the camp a thousand horsemen
10:80. And Jonathan knew that there was an ambush behind him, and they
surrounded his army, and cast darts at the people from morning till
10:81. But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them: and
so their horses were fatigued.
10:82. Then Simon drew forth his army, and attacked the legion: for the
horsemen were wearied: and they were discomfited by him, and fled.
10:83. And they that were scattered about the plain fled into Azotus,
and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, there to save themselves.
10:84. But Jonathan set fire to Azotus, and the cities that were round
about it, and took the spoils of them and the temple of Dagon: and all
them that were fled into it, he burnt with fire.
10:85. So they that were slain by the sword, with them that were burnt,
were almost eight thousand men.
10:86. And Jonathan, removed his army from thence and camped against
Ascalon: and they went out of the city to meet him with great honour.
10:87. And Jonathan returned into Jerusalem with his people, having
10:88. And it came to pass, when Alexander, the king heard these words,
that he honoured Jonathan yet more.
10:89. And he sent him a buckle of gold, as the custom is, to be given
to such as are of the royal blood. And he gave him Accaron, and all the
borders thereof, in possession.
1 Machabees Chapter 11
Ptolemee invades the kingdom of Alexander: the latter is slain: and the
former dies soon after. Demetrius honours Jonathan, and is rescued by
the Jews from his own subjects in Antioch. Antiochus the younger
favours Jonathan. His exploits in divers places.
11:1. And the king of Egypt gathered together an army, like the sand
that lieth upon the sea shore, and many ships: and he sought to get the
kingdom of Alexander by deceit, and join it to his own kingdom.
11:2. And he went out into Syria with peaceable words and they opened
to him the cities, and met him: for king Alexander had ordered them to
go forth to meet him, because he was his father in law.
11:3. Now when Ptolemee entered into the cities, he put garrisons of
soldiers in every city.
11:4. And when he came near to Azotns, they shewed him the temple of
Dagon that was burnt with fire, and Azotus, and the suburbs thereof,
that were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad, and the
graves of them that were slain in the battle, which they had made near
11:5. And they told the king that Jonathan had done these things, to
make him odious: but the king held his peace.
11:6. And Jonathan came to meet the king at Joppe with glory, and they
saluted one another, and they lodged there.
11:7. And Jonathan went with the king as far as the river, called
Eleutherus: and he returned into Jerusalem.
11:8. And king Ptolemee got the dominion of the cities by the sea side,
even to Seleucia, and he devised evil designs against Alexander.
11:9. And he sent ambassadors to Demetrius, saying: Come, let us make a
league between us, and I will give thee my daughter whom Alexander
hath, and thou shalt reign in the kingdom of thy father.
11:10. For I repent that I have given him my daughter: for he hath
sought to kill me.
11:11. And he slandered him, because he coveted his kingdom,
11:12. And he took away his daughter, and gave her to Demetrius, and
alienated himself from Alexander, and his enmities were made manifest.
11:13. And Ptolemee entered into Antioch, and set two crowns upon his
head, that of Egypt, and that of Asia.
11:14. Now king Alexander was in Cilicia at that time: because they
that were in those places had rebelled.
11:15. And when Alexander heard of it, he came to give him battle: and
king Ptolemee brought forth his army, and met him with a strong power,
and put him to flight.
11:16. And Alexander fled into Arabia, there to be protected: and king
Ptolemee was exalted.
11:17. And Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent it
11:18. And king Ptolemee died the third day after: and they that were
in the strong holds were destroyed by them that were within the camp.
11:19. And Demetrius reigned in the hundred and sixty-seventh year.
11:20. In those days Jonathan gathered together them that were in
Judea, to take the castle that was in Jerusalem: and they made many
engines of war against it.
11:21. Then some wicked men that hated their own nation, went away to
king Demetrius, and told him that Jonathan was besieging the castle.
11:22. And when he heard it, he was angry: and forthwith he came to
Ptolemais, and wrote to Jonathan that he should not besiege the castle,
but should come to him in haste, and speak to him.
11:23. But when Jonathan heard this, he bade them besiege it still: and
he chose some of the ancients of Israel, and of the priests, and put
himself in danger
11:24. And he took gold, and silver, and raiment, and many other
presents, and went to the king to Ptolemais and he found favour in his
11:25. And certain wicked men of his nation made complaints against
11:26. And the king treated him as his predecessors had done before:
and he exalted him in the sight of all his friends.
11:27. And he confirmed him in the high priesthood and all the honours
he had before, and he made him the chief of his friends.
11:28. And Jonathan requested of the king that he would make Judea free
from tribute, and the three governments, and Samaria, and the confines
thereof: and he promised him three hundred talents.
11:29. And the king consented: and he wrote letters to Jonathan of all
these things, to this effect.
11:30. King Demetrius to his brother, Jonathan, and to the nation of
the Jews, greeting.
11:31. We send you here a copy of the letter which we have written to
Lasthenes, our parent, concerning you, that you might know it.
11:32. King Demetrius to Lasthenes, his parent, greetings.
11:33. We have determined to do good to the nation of the Jews, who are
our friends, and keep the things that are just with us, for their good
will which they bear towards us.
11:34. We have ratified, therefore, unto them all the borders of Judea,
and the three cities, Apherema, Lydda, and Ramatha, which are added to
Judea, out of Samaria, and all their confines, to be set apart to all
them that sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the
king received of them every year, and for the fruits of the land, and
of the trees.
Apherema. . .is found only in the Greek version.
11:35. And as for other things that belonged to us of the tithes, and
of the tributes, from this time we discharge them of them: the saltpans
also, and the crowns that were presented to us.
11:36. We give all to them, and nothing hereof shall be revoked from
this time forth and for ever.
11:37. Now, therefore, see that thou make a copy of these things, and
let it be given to Jonathan, and set upon the holy mountain, in a
11:38. And king Demetrius, seeing that the land was quiet before him,
and nothing resisted him, sent away all his forces, every man to his
own place, except the foreign army, which he had drawn together from
the islands of the nations: so all the troops of his fathers hated him.
11:39. Now there was one Tryphon who had been of Alexander's party
before: who seeing that all the army murmured against Demetrius, went
to Emalchuel, the Arabian, who brought up Antiochus, the son of
11:40. And he pressed him much to deliver him to him, that he might be
king in his father's place: and he told him all that Demetrius had
done, and how his soldiers hated him. And he remained there many days.
11:41. And Jonathan sent to king Demetrius, desiring that he would cast
out them that were in the castle in Jerusalem, and those that were in
the strong holds: because they fought against Israel.
11:42. And Demetrius sent to Jonathan, saying: I will not only do this
for thee, and for thy people, but I will greatly honour thee, and thy
nation, when opportunity shall serve.
11:43. Now, therefore, thou shalt do well if thou send me men to help
me: for all my army is gone from me.
11:44. And Jonathan sent him three thousand valiant men to Antioch: and
they came to the king, and the king was very glad of their coming.
11:45. And they that were of the city assembled themselves together, to
the number of a hundred and twenty thousand men, and would have killed
11:46. And the king fled into the palace: and they of the city kept the
passages of the city, and began to fight.
11:47. And the king called the Jews to his assistance: and they came to
him all at once, and they all dispersed themselves through the city.
11:48. And they slew in that day a hundred thousand men, and they set
fire to the city, and got many spoils that day, and delivered the king.
11:49. And they that were of the city saw that the Jews had got the
city as they would: and they were discouraged in their mind, and cried
to the king, making supplication, and saying
1:50. Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us, and
11:51. And they threw down their arms, and made peace, and the Jews
were glorified in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all that
were in his realm, and were renowned throughout the kingdom, and
returned to Jerusalem with many spoils.
11:52. So king Demetrius sat in the throne of his kingdom: and the land
was quiet before him.
11:53. And he falsified all whatsoever he had said, and alienated
himself from Jonathan, and did not reward him according to the benefits
he had received from him, but gave him great trouble.
11:54. And after this Tryphon returned, and with him Antiochus, the
young boy, who was made king, and put on the diadem.
11:55. And there assembled unto him all the hands which Demetrius had
sent away, and they fought against Demetrius who turned his back and
11:56. And Tryphon took the elephants, and made himself master of
11:57. And young Antiochus wrote to Jonathan, saying: I confirm thee in
the high priesthood, and I appoint thee ruler over the four cities, and
to be one of the king's friends.
11:58. And he sent him vessels of gold for his service, and he gave him
leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear a
11:59. And he made his brother, Simon, governor, from the borders of
Tyre even to the confines of Egypt.
11:60. Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond
the river, and all the forces of Syria gathered themselves to him to
help him, and he came to Ascalon, and they met him honourably out of
11:61. And he went from thence to Gaza: and they that were in Gaza shut
him out: and he besieged it, and burnt all the suburbs round about, and
took the spoils.
11:62. And the men of Gaza made supplication to Jonathan, and he gave
them the right hand: and he took their sons for hostages, and sent them
to Jerusalem: and he went through the country, as far as Damascus.
11:63. And Jonathan heard that the generals of Demetrius were come
treacherously to Cades, which is in Galilee, with a great army,
purposing to remove him from the affairs of the kingdom.
11:64. And he went against them: but left his brother, Simon, in the
11:65. And Simon encamped against Bethsura, and assaulted it many days,
and shut them up.
11:66. And they desired him to make peace, and he granted it them: and
he cast them out from thence, and took the city, and placed a garrison
11:67. And Jonathan and his army encamped by the water of Genesar, and
before it was light they were ready in the plain of Asor.
11:68. And behold the army of the strangers met him in the plain, and
they laid an ambush for him in the mountains: but he went out against
11:69. And they that lay in ambush rose out of their places, and joined
11:70. And all that were on Jonathan's side fled, and none was left of
them, but Mathathias, the son of Absalom, and Judas, the son of Calphi,
chief captain of the army.
11:71. And Jonathan rent his garments, and cast earth upon his head,
11:72. And Jonathan turned again to them to battle, and he put them to
flight, and they fought.
11:73. And they of his part that fled saw this, and they turned again
to him, and they all with him pursued the enemies, even to Cades, to
their own camp, and they came even thither.
11:74. And there fell of the aliens in that day three thousand men: and
Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.
1 Machabees Chapter 12
Jonathan renews his league with the Romans and Lacedemonians. The
forces of Demetrius flee away from him. He is deceived and made
prisoner by Tryphon.
12:1. And Jonathan saw that the time served him, and he chose certain
men, and sent them to Rome, to confirm and to renew the amity with
12:2. And he sent letters to the Spartans, and to other places,
according to the same form.
12:3. And they went to Rome, and entered into the senate house, and
said: Jonathan, the high priest, and the nation of the Jews, have sent
us to renew the amity, and alliance, as it was before.
12:4. And they gave them letters to their governors in every place, to
conduct them into the land of Juda with peace.
12:5. And this is a copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to the
12:6. Jonathan, the high priest, and the ancients of the nation, and
the priests, and the rest of the people of the Jews, to the Spartans,
their brethren, greeting.
12:7. There were letters sent long ago to Onias the high priest, from
Arius, who reigned then among you to signify that you are our brethren,
as the copy here underwritten doth specify.
12:8. And Onias received the ambassador with honour and received the
letters, wherein there was mention made of the alliance, and amity.
12:9. We, though we needed none of these things having for our comfort
the holy books that are in our hands,
12:10. Chose rather to send to you to renew the brotherhood and
friendship, lest we should become stranger to you altogether: for there
is a long time passed since you sent to us.
12:11. We, therefore, at all times without ceasing, both in our
festivals, and other days wherein it is convenient, remember you in the
sacrifices that we offer, and in our observances, as it is meet and
becoming to remember brethren.
12:12. And we rejoice at your glory.
12:13. But we have had many troubles and wars on every side; and the
kings that are round about us have fought against us.
12:14. But we would not be troublesome to you, nor to the rest of our
allies and friends, in these wars.
12:15. For we have had help from heaven, and we have been delivered,
and our enemies are humbled.
12:16. We have chosen, therefore, Numenius the son of Antiochus, and
Antipater, the son of Jason, and have sent them to the Romans, to renew
with them the former amity and alliance.
12:17. And we have commanded them to go also to you, and salute you,
and to deliver you our letters, concerning the renewing of our
12:18. And now you shall do well to give us an answer hereto.
12:19. And this is the copy of the letter which he had sent to Onias:
12:20. Arius, king of the Spartans, to Onias, the high priest,
12:21. It is found in writing concerning the Spartans, and the Jews,
that they are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham.
12:22. And now since this is come to our knowledge, you do well to
write to us of your prosperity.
12:23. And we also have written back to you, That our cattle, and our
possessions, are yours: and yours, ours. We, therefore, have commanded
that these things should be told you.
12:24. Now Jonathan heard that the generals of Demetrius were come
again with a greater army than before to fight against him.
12:25. So he went out from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of
Amath: for he gave them no time to enter into his country.
12:26. And he sent spies into their camp, and they came back, and
brought him word that they designed to come upon them in the night.
12:27. And when the sun was set, Jonathan commanded his men to watch,
and to be in arms all night long ready to fight, and he set sentinels
round about the camp.
12:28. And the enemies heard that Jonathan and his men were ready for
battle: and they were struck with fear and dread in their heart: and
they kindled fires in their camp.
12:29. But Jonathan, and they that were with him, knew it not till the
morning: for they saw the lights burning.
12:30. And Jonathan pursued after them, but overtook them not: for they
had passed the river Eleutherus.
12:31. And Jonathan turned upon the Arabians, that are called
Zabadeans: and he defeated them, and took the spoils of them.
12:32. And he went forward, and came to Damascus, and passed through
all that country.
12:33. Simon also went forth, and came as far as Ascalon, and the
neighbouring fortresses, and he turned aside to Joppe, and took
possession of it,
12:34. (For he heard that they designed to deliver the hold to them
that took part with Demetrius) and he put a garrison there to keep it.
12:35. And Jonathan came back, and called together the ancients of the
people; and he took a resolution with them to build fortresses in
12:36. And to build up walls in Jerusalem, and raise a mount between
the castle and the city, to separate it from the city, that so it might
have no communication, and that they might neither buy nor sell.
12:37. And they came together to build up the city: for the wall that
was upon the brook, towards the east, was broken down, and he repaired
that which is called Caphetetha:
12:38. And Simon built Adiada in Sephela, and fortified it, and set up
gates and bars.
12:39. Now when Tryphon had conceived a design to make himself king of
Asia and to take the crown, and to stretch out his hand against king
12:40. Fearing lest Jonathan would not suffer him, but would fight
against him: he sought to seize upon him, and to kill him. So he rose
up and came to Bethsan.
12:41. And Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men chosen
for battle, and came to Bethsan.
12:42. Now when Tryphon saw that Jonathan came with a great army, he
durst not stretch forth his hand against him.
12:43. But received him with honour, and commended him to all his
friends, and gave him presents: and he commanded his troops to obey
him, as himself.
12:44. And he said to Jonathan: Why hast thou troubled all the people,
whereas we have no war?
12:45. Now, therefore, send them back to their own houses: and choose
thee a few men that may be with thee, and come with me to Ptolemais,
and I will deliver it to thee, and the rest of the strong holds, and
the army, and all that have any charge, and I will return and go away:
for this is the cause of my coming.
12:46. And Jonathan believed him, and did as he said: and sent away his
army, and they departed into the land of Juda:
12:47. But he kept with him three thousand men: of whom he sent two
thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with him.
12:48. Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, they of
Ptolemais shut the gates of the city, and took him: and all them that
came in with him they slew with the sword.
12:49. Then Tryphon sent an army and horsemen into Galilee, and into
the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's company.
12:50. But they, when they understood that Jonathan, and all that were
with him, were taken and slain, encouraged one another, and went out
ready for battle.
12:51. Then they that had come after them, seeing that they stood for
their lives, returned back.
12:52. Whereupon they all came peaceably into the land of Juda and they
bewailed Jonathan, and them that had been with him, exceedingly: and
Israel mourned with great lamentation.
12:53. Then all the heathens that were round about them, sought to
destroy them. For they said:
12:54. They have no prince, nor any to help them: now therefore, let us
make war upon them, and take away the memory of them from amongst men.
1 Machabees Chapter 13
Simon is made captain general in the room of his brother. Jonathan is
slain by Tryphon. Simon is favoured by Demetrius: he taketh Gaza, and
the castle of Jerusalem.
13:1. Now Simon heard that Tryphon was gathering together a very great
army to invade the land of Juda, and to destroy it.
13:2. And seeing that the people was in dread and in fear, he went up
to Jerusalem, and assembled the people,
13:3. And exhorted them, saying: You know what great battles I and my
brethren, and the house of my father, have fought for the laws, and the
sanctuary, and the distresses that we have seen:
13:4. By reason whereof all my brethren have lost their lives for
Israel's sake, and I am left alone.
13:5. And now far be it from me to spare my life in any time of
trouble: for I am not better than my brethren.
13:6. I will avenge then my nation and the sanctuary, and our children,
and wives: for all the heathens are gathered together to destroy us out
of mere malice.
13:7. And the spirit of the people was enkindled as soon as they heard
13:8. And they answered with a loud voice, saying: Thou art our leader
in the place of Judas, and Jonathan, thy brother:
13:9. Fight thou our battles, and we will do whatsoever thou shalt say
13:10. So gathering together all the men of war, he made haste to
finish all the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round about.
13:11. And he sent Jonathan, the son of Absalom, and with him a new
army, into Joppe, and he cast out them that were in it, and himself
13:12. And Tryphon removed from Ptolemais with a great army, to invade
the land of Juda, and Jonathan was with him in custody.
13:13. But Simon pitched in Addus, over against the plain.
13:14. And when Tryphon understood that Simon was risen up in the place
of his brother, Jonathan, and that he meant to join battle with him, he
sent messengers to him,
13:15. Saying: We have detained thy brother, Jonathan, for the money
that he owed in the king's account, by reason of the affairs which he
had the management of.
13:16. But now send a hundred talents of silver, and his two sons for
hostages, that when he is set at liberty he may not revolt from us, and
we will release him.
13:17. Now Simon knew that he spoke deceitfully to him; nevertheless,
he ordered the money and the children to be sent, lest he should bring
upon himself a great hatred of the people of Israel, who might have
13:18. Because he sent not the money and the children therefore is he
13:19. So he sent the children and the hundred talents and he lied, and
did not let Jonathan go.
13:20. And after this, Tryphon entered within the country, to destroy
it: and they went about by the way that leadeth to Ador: and Simon and
his army marched to every place whithersoever they went.
Simon and his army marched to every place whithersoever they
went. . .That is, whithersoever Tryphon and his horsemen went in order
to oppose them.
13:21. And they that were in the castle, sent messengers to Tryphon,
that he should make haste to come through the desert, and send them
13:22. And Tryphon made ready all his horsemen to come that night; but
there fell a very great snow, and he came not into the country of
13:23. And when he approached to Bascama, he slew Jonathan and his sons
13:24. And Tryphon returned, and went into his own country.
13:25. And Simon sent, and took the bones of Jonathan, his brother, and
buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.
13:26. And all Israel bewailed him with great lamentation: and they
mourned for him many days.
13:27. And Simon built over the sepulchre of his father and of his
brethren, a building lofty to the sight, of polished stone, behind and
13:28. And he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for his
father, and his mother, and his four brethren:
13:29. And round about these he set great pillars; and upon the
pillars, arms, for a perpetual memory; and by the arms, ships carved,
which might be seen by all that sailed on the sea.
13:30. This is the sepulchre that he made in Modin, even unto this day.
13:31. But Tryphon, when he was upon a journey with the young king,
Antiochus, treacherously slew him.
13:32. And he reigned in his place, and put on the crown of Asia: and
brought great evils upon the land.
13:33. And Simon built up the strong holds of Judea, fortifying them
with high towers, and great walls, and gates and bars: and he stored up
victuals in the fortresses.
13:34. And Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the end that
he should grant an immunity to the land; for all that Tryphon did, was
13:35. And king Demetrius, in answer to this request, wrote a letter in
13:36. King Demetrius to Simon, the high priest, and friend of kings,
and to the ancients, and to the nation of the Jews, greeting:
13:37. The golden crown, and the palm, which you sent, we have
received: and we are ready to make a firm peace with you, and to write
to the king's chief officers to release you the things that we have
13:38. For all that we have decreed in your favour shall stand in
force. The strong holds that you have built, shall be your own.
13:39. And as for any oversight or fault committed unto this day, we
forgive it: and the crown which you owed: and if any other thing were
taxed in Jerusalem, now let it not be taxed.
13:40. And if any of you be fit to be enrolled among ours, let them be
enrolled, and let there be peace between us.
13:41. In the year one hundred and seventy, the yoke of the Gentiles
was taken off from Israel.
13:42. And the people of Israel began to write in the instruments, and
public records, The first year under Simon, the high priest, the great
captain, and prince of the Jews.
13:43. In those days Simon besieged Gaza, and camped round about it,
and he made engines, and set them to the city, and he struck one tower,
and took it.
13:44. And they that were within the engine leapt into the city: and
there was a great uproar in the city.
13:45. And they that were in the city went up, with their wives and
children, upon the wall, with their garments rent, and they cried with
a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace.
13:46. And they said: Deal not with us according to our evil deeds, but
according to thy mercy.
13:47. And Simon being moved, did not destroy them but yet he cast them
out of the city, and cleansed the houses wherein there had been idols,
and then he entered into it with hymns, blessing the Lord:
13:48. And having cast out of it all uncleanness, he placed in it men
that should observe the law: and he fortified it, and made it his
13:49. But they that were in the castle of Jerusalem were hindered from
going out and coming into the country, and from buying and selling: and
they were straitened with hunger, and many of them perished through
13:50. And they cried to Simon for peace, and he granted it to them:
and he cast them out from thence and cleansed the castle from
13:51. And they entered into it the three and twentieth day of the
second month, in the year one hundred and seventy-one, with
thanksgiving, and branches of palm trees, and harps, and cymbals, and
psalteries, and hymns, and canticles, because the great enemy was
destroyed out of Israel.
13:52. And he ordained that these days should be kept every year with
13:53. And he fortified the mountain of the temple that was near the
castle, and he dwelt there himself, and they that were with him.
13:54. And Simon saw that John, his son, was a valiant man for war: and
he made him captain of all the forces: and he dwelt in Gazara.
1 Machabees Chapter 14
Demetrius is taken by the king of Persia. Judea flourishes under the
government of Simon.
14:1. In the year one hundred and seventy-two king Demetrius assembled
his army, and went into Media to get him succours to fight against
14:2. And Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that Demetrius
was entered within his borders, and he sent one of his princes to take
him alive, and bring him to him.
14:3. And he went, and defeated the army of Demetrius: and took him,
and brought him to Arsaces, and he put him into custody.
14:4. And all the land of Juda was at rest all the days of Simon, and
he sought the good of his nation: and his power, and his glory pleased
them well all his days.
14:5. And with all his glory he took Joppe for a haven, and made an
entrance to the isles of the sea.
14:6. And he enlarged the bounds of his nation, and made himself master
of the country.
14:7. And he gathered together a great number of captives, and had the
dominion of Gazara, and of Bethsura, and of the castle: and took away
all uncleanness out of it, and there was none that resisted him.
14:8. And every man tilled his land with peace, and the land of Juda
yielded her increase, and the trees of the fields their fruit.
14:9. The ancient men sat all in the streets, and treated together of
the good things of the land, and the young men put on them glory, and
the robes of war.
14:10. And he provided victuals for the cities, and he appointed that
they should be furnished with ammunition, so that the fame of his glory
was renowned even to the end of the earth.
14:11. He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy.
14:12. And every man sat under his vine, and under his fig tree: and
there was none to make them afraid.
14:13. There was none left in the land to fight against them: kings
were discomfited in those days.
14:14. And he strengthened all those of his people that were brought
low, and he sought the law, and took away every unjust and wicked man.
14:15. He glorified the sanctuary, and multiplied the vessels of the
14:16. And it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that Jonathan
was dead: and they were very sorry.
14:17. But when they heard that Simon, his brother, was made high
priest in his place, and was possessed of all the country, and the
14:18. They wrote to him in tables of brass, to renew the friendship
and alliance which they had made with Judas and with Jonathan, his
14:19. And they were read before the assembly in Jerusalem. And this is
the copy of the letters that the Spartans sent.
14:20. The princes and the cities of the Spartans, to Simon, the high
priest, and to the ancients, and the priests, and the rest of the
people of the Jews, their brethren, greeting.
14:21. The ambassadors that were sent to our people, have told us of
your glory, and honour, and joy: and we rejoiced at their coming.
14:22. And we registered what was said by them in the councils of the
people, in this manner: Numenius, the son of Antiochus, and Antipater,
the son of Jason, ambassadors of the Jews, came to us to renew the
former friendship with us.
14:23. And it pleased the people to receive the men honourably, and to
put a copy of their words in the public records, to be a memorial to
the people of the Spartans. And we have written a copy of them to
Simon, the high priest.
14:24. And after this Simon sent Numenius to Rome, with a great shield
of gold, of the weight of a thousand pounds, to confirm the league with
them. And when the people of Rome had heard
14:25. These words, they said: What thanks shall we give to Simon, and
14:26. For he hath restored his brethren, and hath driven away in fight
the enemies of Israel from them: and they decreed him liberty, and
registered it in tables of brass, and set it upon pillars in mount
14:27. And this is a copy of the writing. The eighteenth day of the
month Elul, in the year one hundred and seventy-two, being the third
year under Simon, the high priest, at Asaramel,
14:28. In a great assembly of the priests, and of the people, and the
princes of the nation, and the ancients of the country, these things
were notified: Forasmuch as there have often been wars in our country,
14:29. And Simon, the son of Mathathias, of the children of Jarib, and
his brethren, have put themselves in danger, and resisted the enemies
of their nation, for the maintenance of their holy places, and the law:
and have raised their nation to great glory.
14:30. And Jonathan gathered together his nation, and was made their
high priest, and he was laid to his people.
14:31. And their enemies desired to tread down and destroy their
country, and to stretch forth their hands against their holy places.
14:32. Then Simon resisted and fought for his nation, and laid out much
of his money, and armed the valiant men of his nation, and gave them
14:33. And he fortified the cities of Judea and Bethsura that lieth in
the borders of Judea, where the armour of the enemies was before: and
he placed there a garrison of Jews.
14:34. And he fortified Joppe, which lieth by the sea: and Gazara,
which bordereth upon Azotus, wherein the enemies dwelt before, and he
placed Jews here: and furnished them with all things convenient for
14:35. And the people seeing the acts of Simon, and to what glory he
meant to bring his nation, made him their prince and high priest,
because he had done all these things, and for the justice and faith
which he kept to his nation, and for that he sought by all means to
advance his people.
14:36. And in his days things prospered in his hands, so that the
heathens were taken away out of their country, and they also that were
in the city of David, in Jerusalem, in the castle, out of which they
issued forth, and profaned all places round about the sanctuary, and
did much evil to purity.
14:37. And he placed therein Jews for the defence of the country, and
of the city, and he raised up the walls of Jerusalem.
14:38. And king Demetrius confirmed him in the high priesthood.
14:39. According to these things he made him his friend, and glorified
him with great glory.
14:40. For he had heard that the Romans had called the Jews their
friends, and confederates, and brethren, and that they had received
Simon's ambassadors with honour:
14:41. And that the Jews, and their priests, had consented that he
should be their prince and high priest for ever, till there should
arise a faithful prophet:
14:42. And that he should be chief over them, and that he should have
the charge of the sanctuary, and that he should appoint rulers over
their works, and over the country, and over the armour, and over the
14:43. And that he should have care of the holy places; and that he
should be obeyed by all, and that all the writings in the country
should be made in his name; and that he should be clothed with purple
14:44. And that it should not be lawful for any of the people, or of
the priests, to disannul any of these things, or to gainsay his words,
or to call together an assembly in the country without him: or to be
clothed with purple, or to wear a buckle of gold.
14:45. And whosoever shall do otherwise, or shall make void any of
these things, shall be punished.
14:46. And it pleased all the people to establish Simon, and to do
according to these words.
14:47. And Simon accepted thereof, and was well pleased to execute the
office of the high priesthood, and to be captain, and prince of the
nation of the Jews, and of the priests, and to be chief over all.
14:48. And they commanded that this writing should be put in tables of
brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of the
sanctuary, in a conspicuous place:
14:49. And that a copy thereof should be put in the treasury, that
Simon, and his sons, may have it.
1 Machabees Chapter 15
Antiochus son of Demetrius honours Simon. The Romans write to divers
nations in favour of the Jews. Antiochus quarrels with Simon, and sends
troops to annoy him.
15:1. And king Antiochus, the son of Demetrius, sent letters from the
isles of the sea to Simon, the priest, and prince of the nation of the
Jews, and to all the people:
15:2. And the contents were these: King Antiochus to Simon, the high
priest, and to the nation of the Jews, greeting.
15:3. Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have usurped the kingdom of
our fathers, and my purpose is to challenge the kingdom, and to restore
it to its former estate; and I have chosen a great army, and have built
ships of war.
15:4. And I design to go through the country, that I may take revenge
of them that have destroyed our country, and that have made many cities
desolate in my realm.
15:5. Now, therefore, I confirm unto thee all the oblations which all
the kings before me remitted to thee, and what other gifts soever they
remitted to thee:
15:6. And I give thee leave to coin thy own money in thy country:
15:7. And let Jerusalem be holy and free, and all the armour that hath
been made, and the fortresses which thou hast built, and which thou
keepest in thy hands, let them remain to thee.
15:8. And all that is due to the king, and what should be the king's
hereafter, from this present and for ever, is forgiven thee.
15:9. And when we shall have recovered our kingdom, we will glorify
thee, and thy nation, and the temple, with great glory, so that your
glory shall be made manifest in all the earth.
15:10. In the year one hundred and seventy-four, Antiochus entered into
the land of his fathers, and all the forces assembled to him, so that
few were left with Tryphon.
15:11. And king Antiochus pursued after him, and he fled along by the
sea coast and came to Dora.
15:12. For he perceived that evils were gathered together upon him, and
his troops had forsaken him.
15:13. And Antiochus camped above Dora with a hundred and twenty
thousand men of war, and eight thousand horsemen:
15:14. And he invested the city, and the ships drew near by sea: and
they annoyed the city by land, and by sea, and suffered none to come
in, or to go out.
15:15. And Numenius, and they that had been with him, came from the
city of Rome, having letters written to the kings, and countries, the
contents whereof were these:
15:16. Lucius, the consul of the Romans, to king Ptolemee, greeting.
Ptolemee. . .Surnamed Physeon, brother and successor to Philometer.
15:17. The ambassadors of the Jews, our friends, came to us, to renew
the former friendship and alliance, being sent from Simon, the high
priest, and the people of the Jews.
15:18. And they brought also a shield of gold of a thousand pounds.
15:19. It hath seemed good therefore to us, to write to the kings and
countries, that they should do them no harm, nor fight against them,
their cities, or countries: and that they should give no aid to them
that fight against them.
15:20. And it hath seemed good to us to receive the shield of them.
15:21. If, therefore, any pestilent men are fled out of their country
to you, deliver them to Simon, the high priest, that he may punish them
according to their law.
15:22. These same things were written to king Demetrius, and to
Attalus, and to Ariarathes, and to Arsaces,
Attalus, etc. . .Attalus was king of Pergamus; Ariarathes was king of
Cappadocia; and Arsaces was king of the Parthians.
15:23. And to all the countries: and to Lampsacus and to the Spartans,
and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and Samus, and
Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Alicarnassus, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus,
and Rhodes, and Phaselis, and Gortyna, and Gnidus, and Cyprus, and
15:24. And they wrote a copy thereof to Simon, the high priest, and to
the people of the Jews.
15:25. But king Antiochus moved his camp to Dora the second time,
assaulting it continually, and making engines: and he shut up Tryphon,
that he could not go out.
15:26. And Simon sent to him two thousand chosen men to aid him, silver
also, and gold, and abundance of furniture.
15:27. And he would not receive them, but broke all the covenant that
he had made with him before, and alienated himself from him.
15:28. And he sent to him Athenobius, one of his friends, to treat with
him, saying: You hold Joppe and Gazara, and the castle that is in
Jerusalem, which are cities of my kingdom:
15:29. Their borders you have wasted, and you have made great havoc in
the land, and have got the dominion of many places in my kingdom.
15:30. Now, therefore, deliver up the cities that you have taken, and
the tributes of the places whereof you have gotten the dominion without
the borders of Judea.
15:31. But if not, give me for them five hundred talents of silver, and
for the havoc that you have made, and the tributes of the cities, other
five hundred talents: or else we will come and fight against you.
15:32. So Athenobius, the king's friend came to Jerusalem, and saw the
glory of Simon and his magnificence in gold, and silver, and his great
equipage, and he was astonished, and told him the king's words.
15:33. And Simon answered him, and said to him: We have neither taken
other men's land, neither do we hold that which is other men's, but the
inheritance of our fathers, which was for some time unjustly possessed
by our enemies.
15:34. But we having opportunity, claim the inheritance of our fathers.
15:35. And as to thy complaints concerning Joppe and Gazara, they did
great harm to the people, and to our country: yet for these we will
give a hundred talents. And Athenobius answered him not a word.
15:36. But returning in a rage to the king, made report to him of these
words, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he had seen, and the
king was exceeding angry.
15:37. And Tryphon fled away by ship to Orthosias.
15:38. And the king appointed Cendebeus captain of the sea coast, and
gave him an army of footmen and horsemen.
15:39. And he commanded him to march with his army towards Judea: and
he commanded him to build up Gedor, and to fortify the gates of the
city, and to war against the people. But the king himself pursued after
15:40. And Cendebeus came to Jamnia, and began to provoke the people,
and to ravage Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and to kill, and
to build Gedor.
15:41. And he placed there horsemen, and an army: that they might issue
forth, and make incursions upon the ways of Judea, as the king had
1 Machabees Chapter 16
The sons of Simon defeat the troops of Antiochus. Simon with two of his
sons are treacherously murdered by Ptolemee his son in law.
16:1. Then John came up from Gazara, and told Simon, his father, what
Cendebeus had done against their people.
John. . .He was afterwards surnamed Hircanus, and succeeded his father
in both his dignities of high priest and prince. He conquered the
Edomites, and obliged them to a conformity with the Jews in religion;
and destroyed the schismatical temple of the Samaritans.
16:2. And Simon called his two eldest sons, Judas and John, and said to
them: I and my brethren, and my father's house, have fought against the
enemies of Israel from our youth even to this day: and things have
prospered so well in our hands, that we have delivered Israel
16:3. And now I am old, but be you instead of me, and my brethren, and
go out, and fight for our nation: and the help from heaven be with you.
16:4. Then he chose out of the country twenty thousand fighting men,
and horsemen, and they went forth against Cendebeus: and they rested in
16:5. And they arose in the morning, and went into the plain: and
behold a very great army of footmen and horsemen came against them, and
there was a running river between them.
16:6. And he and his people pitched their camp over against them, and
he saw that the people were afraid to go over the river, so he went
over first: then the men seeing him, passed over after him.
He. . .Viz., John.
16:7. And he divided the people, and set the horsemen in the midst of
the footmen: but the horsemen of the enemies were very numerous.
16:8. And they sounded the holy trumpets: and Cendebeus and his army
were put to flight: and there fell many of them wounded, and the rest
fled into the strong hold.
16:9. At that time, Judas, John's brother, was wounded: but John
pursued after them, till he came to Cedron, which he had built:
Cedron. . .Otherwise called Gedon, the city that Cendebeus was
16:10. And they fled even to the towers that were in the fields of
Azotus, and he burnt them with fire. And there fell of them two
thousand men, and he returned into Judea in peace.
16:11. Now Ptolemee, the son of Abobus, was appointed captain in the
plain of Jericho, and he had abundance of silver and gold.
16:12. For he was son in law of the high priest.
16:13. And his heart was lifted up, and he designed to make himself
master of the country, and he purposed treachery against Simon and his
sons, to destroy them.