Part 54 out of 74
enter, to glut themselves with blood; but they shall stumble, and fall
like men stupefied with wine. It seems to allude to the times of
Antiochus, and to the victories of the Machabees.
12:3. And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will make Jerusalem
a burdensome stone to all people: all that shall lift it up shall be
rent and torn, and all the kingdoms of the earth shall be gathered
together against her.
12:4. In that day, saith the Lord, I will strike every horse with
astonishment, and his rider with madness: and I will open my eyes upon
the house of Juda, and will strike every horse of the nations with
12:5. And the governors of Juda shall say in their heart: Let the
inhabitants of Jerusalem be strengthened for me in the Lord of hosts,
12:6. In that day I will make the governors of Juda like a furnace of
fire amongst wood, and as a firebrand amongst hay: and they shall
devour all the people round about, to the right hand, and to the left:
and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place in Jerusalem.
12:7. And the Lord shall save the tabernacles of Jada, as in the
beginning: that the house of David, and the glory of the inhabitants of
Jerusalem, may not boast and magnify themselves against Juda.
12:8. In that day shall the Lord protect the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
and he that hath offended among them in that day shall be as David: and
the house of David, as that of God, as an angel of the Lord in their
12:9. And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to
destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.
12:10. And I will pour out upon the house of David, and upon the
inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace, and of prayers: and they
shall look upon me, whom they have pierced: and they shall mourn for
him as one mourneth for an only son, and they shall grieve over him, as
the manner is to grieve for the death of the firstborn.
12:11. In that day there shall be a great lamentation in Jerusalem like
the lamentation of Adadremmon in the plain of Mageddon.
Adadremmon. . .A place near Mageddon, where the good king Josias was
slain, and much lamented by his people.
12:12. And the land shall mourn: families and families apart: the
families of the house of David apart, and their women apart:
12:13. The families of the house of Nathan apart, and their women
apart: the families of the house of Levi apart, and their women apart:
the families of Semei apart, and their women apart.
12:14. All the rest of the families, families and families apart, and
their women apart.
Zacharias Chapter 13
The fountain of Christ. Idols and false prophets shall be extirpated:
Christ shall suffer: his people shall be tried by fire.
13:1. In that day there shall be a fountain open to the house of David,
and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem: for the washing of the sinner, and
of the unclean woman.
13:2. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord of hosts,
that I will destroy the names of idols out of the earth, and they shall
be remembered no more: and I will take away the false prophets, and the
unclean spirit out of the earth.
13:3. And it shall come to pass, that when any man shall prophesy any
more, his father and his mother that brought him into the world, shall
say to him: Thou shalt not live: because thou hast spoken a lie in the
name of the Lord. And his father, and his mother, his parents, shall
thrust him through, when he shall prophesy.
13:4. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the prophets shall be
confounded, every one by his own vision, when he shall prophesy,
neither shall they be clad with a garment of sackcloth, to deceive:
13:5. But he shall say: I am no prophet, I am a husbandman: for Adam is
my example from my youth.
13:6. And they shall say to him: What are these wounds in the midst of
thy hands? And he shall say: With these I was wounded in the house of
them that loved me.
13:7. Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that
cleaveth to me, saith the Lord of hosts: strike the shepherd, and the
sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn my hand to the little ones.
13:8. And there shall be in all the earth, saith the Lord, two parts in
it shall be scattered, and shall perish: but the third part shall be
13:9. And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine
them as silver is refined: and I will try them as gold is tried. They
shall call on my name, and I will hear them. I will say: Thou art my
people: and they shall say: The Lord is my God.
Zacharias Chapter 14
After the persecutions of the church shall follow great prosperity.
Persecutors shall be punished: so shall all that will not serve God in
14:1. Behold the days of the Lord shall come, and thy spoils shall be
divided in the midst of thee.
14:2. And I will gather all nations to Jerusalem to battle, and the
city shall be taken, and the houses shall be rifled, and the women
shall be defiled: and half of the city shall go forth into captivity,
and the rest of the people shall not be taken away out of the city.
I will gather, etc. . .This seems to be a prophecy of what was done by
14:3. Then the Lord shall go forth, and shall fight against those
nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.
14:4. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives,
which is over against Jerusalem towards the east: and the mount of
Olives shall be divided in the midst thereof to the east, and to the
west with a very great opening, and half of the mountain shall be
separated to the north, and half thereof to the south.
14:5. And you shall flee to the valley of those mountains, for the
valley of the mountains shall be joined even to the next, and you shall
flee as you fled from the face of the earthquake in the days of Ozias
king of Juda: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with
14:6. And it shall come to pass in that day, that there shall be no
light, but cold and frost.
No light. . .Viz., in that dismal time of persecution of Antiochus, when
it was neither day nor night: (ver. 7) because they neither had the
comfortable light of the day, nor the repose of the night.
14:7. And there shall be one day, which is known to the Lord, not day
nor night: and in the time of the evening there shall be light:
In the time of the evening there shall be light. . .An unexpected light
shall arise by the means of the Machabees, when things shall seem to be
at the worst.
14:8. And it shall come to pass in that day, that living waters shall
go out from Jerusalem: half of them to the east sea, and half of them
to the last sea: they shall be in summer and in winter.
Living waters. . .Viz., the gospel of Christ.
14:9. And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day there
shall be one Lord, and his name shall be one.
14:10. And all the land shall return even to the desert, from the hill
to Remmon to the south of Jerusalem: and she shall be exalted, and
shall dwell in her own place, from the gate of Benjamin even to the
place of the former gate, and even to the gate of the corners: and from
the tower of Hananeel even to the king's winepresses.
All the land shall return, etc. . .This, in some measure, was verified
by the means of the Machabees: but is rather to be taken in a spiritual
sense, as relating to the propagation of the church, and kingdom of
Christ, the true Jerusalem, which alone shall never fall under the
anathema of destruction, or God's curse.
14:11. And people shall dwell in it, and there shall be no more an
anathema: but Jerusalem shall sit secure.
14:12. And this shall be the plague wherewith the Lord shall strike all
nations that have fought against Jerusalem: the flesh of every one
shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes
shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away
in their mouth.
The flesh of every one shall consume, etc. . .Such judgments as these
have often fallen upon the persecutors of God's church, as appears by
many instances in history.
14:13. In that day there shall be a great tumult from the Lord among
them: and a man shall take the hand of his neighbour, and his hand
shall be clasped upon his neighbour's hand.
14:14. And even Juda shall fight against Jerusalem: and the riches of
all nations round about shall be gathered together, gold, and silver,
and garments in great abundance.
Even Juda, etc. . .The carnal Jews, and other false brothers, shall join
in persecuting the church.
14:15. And the destruction of the horse, and of the mule, and of the
camel, and of the ass, and of all the beasts, that shall be in those
tents, shall be like this destruction.
Shall be like this destruction. . .That is, the beasts shall be
destroyed as well as the men: the common soldiers as well as their
14:16. And all they that shall be left of all nations that came against
Jerusalem, shall go up from year to year, to adore the King, the Lord
of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.
They that shall be left, etc. . .That is, many of them that persecuted
the church shall be converted to its faith and communion.--Ibid. To keep
the feast of tabernacles. . .This feast was kept by the Jews in memory
of their sojourning forty years in the desert, in their way to the land
of promise. And in the spiritual sense is duly kept by all such
Christians as in their earthly pilgrimage are continually advancing
toward their true home, the heavenly Jerusalem; by the help of the
sacraments and sacrifice of the church. And they that neglect this must
not look for the kind showers of divine grace, to give fruitfulness to
14:17. And it shall come to pass, that he that shall not go up of the
families of the land to Jerusalem, to adore the King, the Lord of
hosts, there shall be no rain upon them.
14:18. And if the family of Egypt go not up nor come: neither shall it
be upon them, but there shall be destruction wherewith the Lord will
strike all nations that will not go up to keep the feast of
14:19. This shall be the sin of Egypt, and this the sin of all nations,
that will not go up to keep the feast of tabernacles.
14:20. In that day that which is upon the bridle of the horse shall be
holy to the Lord: and the caldrons in the house of the Lord shall be as
the phials before the altar.
That which is upon the bridle, etc. . .The golden ornaments of the
bridles, etc., shall be turned into offerings in the house of God. And
there shall be an abundance of caldrons and phials for the sacrifices
of the temple; by which is meant, under a figure, the great resort
there shall be to the temple, that is, to the church of Christ, and her
14:21. And every caldron in Jerusalem and Juda shall be sanctified to
the Lord of hosts: and all that sacrifice shall come, and take of them,
and shall seethe in them: and the merchant shall be no more in the
house of the Lord of hosts in that day.
The merchant shall be no more, etc. . .Or, as some render it, The
Chanaanite shall be no more, etc., that is, the profane and unbelievers
shall have no title to be in the house of the Lord. Or there shall be
no occasion for buyers or sellers of oxen, or sheep, or doves, in the
house of God, such as Jesus Christ cast out of the temple.
THE PROPHECY OF MALACHIAS
MALACHIAS, whose name signifies The Angel of the Lord, was contemporary
with NEHEMIAS, and by some is believed to have been the same person as
ESDRAS. He was the last of the prophets, in the order of time, and
flourished about four hundred years before Christ. He foretells the
coming of Christ; the reprobation of the Jews and their sacrifices; and
the calling of the Gentiles, who shall offer up to God in every place
an acceptable sacrifice.
Malachias Chapter 1
God reproaches the Jews with their ingratitude: and the priests for not
offering pure sacrifices. He will accept of the sacrifice that shall be
offered in every place among the Gentiles.
1:1. The burden of the word of the Lord to Israel by the hand of
1:2. I have loved you, saith the Lord: and you have said: Wherein hast
thou loved us? Was not Esau brother to Jacob, saith the Lord, and I
have loved Jacob,
I have loved Jacob, etc. . .I have preferred his posterity, to make them
my chosen people, and to lead them with my blessings, without any merit
on their part, and though they have been always ungrateful; whilst I
have rejected Esau, and executed severe judgments upon his posterity.
Not that God punished Esau, or his posterity, beyond their desert: but
that by his free election and grace he loved Jacob, and favoured his
posterity above their deserts. See the annotations upon Rom. 9.
1:3. But have hated Esau? and I have made his mountains a wilderness,
and given his inheritance to the dragons of the desert.
1:4. But if Edom shall say: We are destroyed, but we will return and
build up what hath been destroyed: thus saith the Lord of hosts: They
shall build up, and I will throw down: and they shall be called the
borders of wickedness, and the people with whom the Lord is angry for
1:5. And your eyes shall see: and you shall say: The Lord be magnified
upon the border of Israel.
1:6. The son honoureth the father, and the servant his master: if then
I be a father, where is my honour? and if I be a master, where is my
fear: saith the Lord of hosts.
1:7. To you, O priests, that despise my name, and have said: Wherein
have we despised thy name? You offer polluted bread upon my altar, and
you say: Wherein have we polluted thee? In that you say: The table of
the Lord is contemptible.
1:8. If you offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? and if you
offer the lame and the sick, is it not evil? offer it to thy prince, if
he will be pleased with it, or if he will regard thy face, saith the
Lord of hosts.
1:9. And now beseech ye the face of God, that he may have mercy on you,
(for by your hand hath this been done,) if by any means he will receive
your faces, saith the Lord of hosts.
1:10. Who is there among you, that will shut the doors, and will kindle
the fire on my altar gratis? I have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord
of hosts: and I will not receive a gift of your hand.
1:11. For from the rising of the sun even to the going down, my name is
great among the Gentiles, and in every place there is sacrifice, and
there is offered to my name a clean oblation: for my name is great
among the Gentiles, saith the Lord of hosts.
A clean oblation. . .Viz., the precious body and blood of Christ in the
1:12. And you have profaned it in that you say: The table of the Lord
is defiled: and that which is laid thereupon is contemptible with the
fire that devoureth it.
1:13. And you have said: Behold of our labour, and you puffed it away,
saith the Lord of hosts, and you brought in of rapine the lame, and the
sick, and brought in an offering: shall I accept it at your hands,
saith the Lord?
Behold of our labour, etc. . .You pretended labour and weariness, when
you brought your offering; and so made it of no value, by offering it
with an evil mind. Moreover, what you offered was both defective in
itself, and gotten by rapine and extortion.
1:14. Cursed is the deceitful man that hath in his flock a male, and
making a vow offereth in sacrifice that which is feeble to the Lord:
for I am a great King, saith the Lord of hosts, and my name is dreadful
among the Gentiles.
Malachias Chapter 2
The priests are sharply reproved for neglecting their covenant. The
evil of marrying with idolaters: and too easily putting away their
2:1. And now, O ye priests, this commandment is to you.
2:2. If you will not hear, and if you will not lay it to heart, to give
glory to my name, saith the Lord of hosts: I will send poverty upon
you, and will curse your blessings, yea I will curse them, because you
have not laid it to heart.
2:3. Behold, I will cast the shoulder to you, and will scatter upon
your face the dung of your solemnities, and it shall take you away with
I will cast the shoulder to you. . .I will cast away the shoulder, which
in the law was appointed to be your portion, and fling it at you in my
anger: and will reject both you and your festivals like dung.
2:4. And you shall know that I sent you this commandment, that my
covenant might be with Levi, saith the Lord of hosts.
2:5. My covenant was with him of life and peace: and I gave him fear:
and he feared me, and he was afraid before my name.
2:6. The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in
his lips: he walked with me in peace, and in equity, and turned many
away from iniquity.
2:7. For the lips of the priests shall keep knowledge, and they shall
seek the law at his mouth: because he is the angel of the Lord of
The angel. . .Viz., the minister and messenger.
2:8. But you have departed out of the way, and have caused many to
stumble at the law: you have made void the covenant of Levi, saith the
Lord of hosts.
2:9. Therefore have I also made you contemptible, and base before all
people, as you have not kept my ways, and have accepted persons in the
2:10. Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? why then
doth every one of us despise his brother, violating the covenant of our
2:11. Juda hath transgressed, and abomination hath been committed in
Israel, and in Jerusalem: for Juda hath profaned the holiness of the
Lord, which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god.
2:12. The Lord will cut off the man that hath done this, both the
master, and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that
offereth an offering to the Lord of hosts.
2:13. And this again have you done, you have covered the altar of the
Lord with tears, with weeping, and bellowing, so that I have no more a
regard to sacrifice, neither do I accept any atonement at your hands.
With tears. . .Viz., by occasion of your wives, whom you have put away:
and who came to weep and lament before the altar.
2:14. And you have said: For what cause? Because the Lord hath been
witness between thee, and the wife of thy youth, whom thou hast
despised: yet she was thy partner, and the wife of thy covenant.
2:15. Did not one make her, and she is the residue of his spirit? And
what doth one seek, but the seed of God? Keep then your spirit, and
despise not the wife of thy youth.
2:16. When thou shalt hate her put her away, saith the Lord, the God of
Israel: but iniquity shalt cover his garment, saith the Lord of hosts,
keep your spirit, and despise not.
Iniquity shall cover his garment. . .Viz., of every man that putteth
away his wife without just cause; notwithstanding that God permitted it
in the law, to prevent the evil of murder.
2:17. You have wearied the Lord with your words, and you said: Wherein
have we wearied him? In that you say: Every one that doth evil, is good
in the sight of the Lord, and such please him: or surely where is the
God of judgment?
Malachias Chapter 3
Christ shall come to his temple, and purify the priesthood. They that
continue in their evil ways shall be punished: but true penitents shall
receive a blessing.
3:1. Behold I send my angel, and he shall prepare the way before my
face. And presently the Lord, whom you seek, and the angel of the
testament, whom you desire, shall come to his temple. Behold, he
cometh, saith the Lord of hosts.
My angel. . .Viz., John the Baptist, the messenger of God, and
forerunner of Christ.
3:2. And who shall be able to think of the day of his coming? and who
shall stand to see him? for he is like a refining fire, and like the
3:3. And he shall sit refining and cleansing the silver, and he shall
purify the sons of Levi, and shall refine them as gold, and as silver,
and they shall offer sacrifices to the Lord in justice.
3:4. And the sacrifice of Juda and of Jerusalem shall please the Lord,
as in the days of old, and in the ancient years.
3:5. And I will come to you in judgment, and will be a speedy witness
against sorcerers, and adulterers, and false swearers, and them that
oppress the hireling in his wages, the widows, and the fatherless: and
oppress the stranger, and have not feared me, saith the Lord of hosts.
3:6. For I am the Lord, and I change not: and you the sons of Jacob are
3:7. For from the days of your fathers you have departed from my
ordinances, and have not kept them: Return to me, and I will return to
you, saith the Lord of hosts. And you have said: Wherein shall we
3:8. Shall a man afflict God, for you afflict me. And you have said:
Wherein do we afflict thee? in tithes and in firstfruits.
3:9. And you are cursed with want, and you afflict me, even the whole
nation of you.
3:10. Bring all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat
in my house, and try me in this, saith the Lord: if I open not unto you
the flood-gates of heaven, and pour you out a blessing even to
3:11. And I will rebuke for your sakes the devourer, and he shall not
spoil the fruit of your land: neither shall the vine in the field be
barren, saith the Lord of hosts.
3:12. And all nations shall call you blessed: for you shall be a
delightful land, saith the Lord of hosts.
3:13. Your words have been unsufferable to me, saith the Lord.
3:14. And you have said: What have we spoken against thee? You have
said: He laboureth in vain that serveth God, and what profit is it that
we have kept his ordinances, and that we have walked sorrowful before
the Lord of hosts?
3:15. Wherefore now we call the proud people happy, for they that work
wickedness are built up, and they have tempted God and are preserved.
3:16. Then they that feared the Lord, spoke every one with his
neighbour: and the Lord gave ear, and heard it: and a book of
remembrance was written before him for them that fear the Lord, and
think on his name.
3:17. And they shall be my special possession, saith the Lord of hosts,
in the day that I do judgment: and I will spare them, as a man spareth
his son that serveth him.
3:18. And you shall return, and shall see the difference between the
just and the wicked: and between him that serveth God, and him that
serveth him not.
Malachias Chapter 4
The judgment of the wicked, and reward of the just. An exhortation to
observe the law. Elias shall come for the conversion of the Jews.
4:1. For behold the day shall come kindled as a furnace: and all the
proud, and all that do wickedly shall be stubble: and the day that
cometh shall set them on fire, saith the Lord of hosts, it shall not
leave them root, nor branch.
4:2. But unto you that fear my name, the Sun of justice shall arise,
and health in his wings: and you shall go forth, and shall leap like
calves of the herd.
4:3. And you shall tread down the wicked when they shall be ashes under
the sole of your feet in the day that I do this, saith the Lord of
4:4. Remember the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded him in
Horeb for all Israel, the precepts, and judgments.
4:5. Behold, I will send you Elias the prophet, before the coming of
the great and dreadful day of the Lord.
4:6. And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and
the heart of the children to their fathers: lest I come, and strike the
earth with anathema.
He shall turn the heart, etc. . .By bringing over the Jews to the faith
of Christ, he shall reconcile them to their fathers, viz., the
partiarchs and prophets; whose hearts for many ages have been turned
away from them, because of their refusing to believe in Christ.--Ibid.
With anathema. . .In the Hebrew, Cherem, that is, with utter
THE FIRST BOOK OF MACHABEES
These books are so called, because they contain the history of the
people of God under the command of Judas Machabeus and his brethren:
and he, as some will have it, was surnamed Machabeus, from carrying in
his ensigns, or standards, those words of Exodus 15.11, Who is like to
thee among the strong, O Lord: in which the initial letters, in the
Hebrew, are M. C. B. E. I. It is not known who is the author of these
books. But as to their authority, though they are not received by the
Jews, saith St. Augustine, (lib. 18, De Civ. Dei, c. 36,) they are
received by the church: who, in settling her canon of the scriptures,
chose rather to be directed by the tradition she had received from the
apostles of Christ, than by that of the scribes and Pharisees. And as
the church has declared these two Books canonical, even in two general
councils, viz., Florence and Trent, there can be no doubt of their
1 Machabees Chapter 1
The reign of Alexander and his successors: Antiochus rifles and
profanes the temple of God: and persecutes unto death all that will not
forsake the law of God, and the religion of their fathers.
1:1. Now it came to pass, after that Alexander the son of Philip the
Macedonian, who first reigned in Greece, coming out of the land of
Cethim, had overthrown Darius, king of the Persians and Medes:
1:2. He fought many battles, and took the strong holds of all, and slew
the kings of the earth:
1:3. And he went through even to the ends of the earth: and took the
spoils of many nations: and the earth was quiet before him.
1:4. And he gathered a power, and a very strong army: and his heart was
exalted and lifted up:
1:5. And he subdued countries of nations, and princes; and they became
tributaries to him.
1:6. And after these things, he fell down upon his bed, and knew that
he should die.
1:7. And he called his servants, the nobles that were brought up with
him from his youth: and he divided his kingdom among them, while he was
Divided his kingdom, etc. . .This is otherwise related by Q. Curtius;
though he acknowledges that divers were of that opinion, and that it
had been delivered by some authors, lib. 10. But here we find from the
sacred text, that he was in error.
1:8. And Alexander reigned twelve years, and he died.
1:9. And his servants made themselves kings, every one in his place:
1:10. And they all put crowns upon themselves after his death, and
their sons after them, many years; and evils were multiplied in the
1:11. And there came out of them a wicked root, Antiochus the
Illustrious, the son of king Antiochus, who had been a hostage at Rome:
and he reigned in the hundred and thirty-seventh year of the kingdom of
Antiochus the Illustrius. . .Epiphanes, the younger son of Antiochus the
Great, who usurped the kingdom, to the prejudice of his nephew
Demetrius, son of his elder brother Seleucus Philopater.--Ibid. Of the
kingdom of the Greeks. . .Counting, not from the beginning of the reign
of Alexander, but from the first year of Seleucus Nicator.
1:12. In those days there went out of Israel wicked men, and they
persuaded many, saying: Let us go and make a covenant with the heathens
that are round about us: for since we departed from them, many evils
have befallen us.
1:13. And the word seemed good in their eyes.
1:14. And some of the people determined to do this, and went to the
king: and he gave them license to do after the ordinances of the
1:15. And they built a place of exercise in Jerusalem, according to the
laws of the nations:
1:16. And they made themselves prepuces, and departed from the holy
covenant, and joined themselves to the heathens, and were sold to do
1:17. And the kingdom was established before Antiochus, and he had a
mind to reign over the land of Egypt, that he might reign over two
1:18. And he entered into Egypt with a great multitude, with chariots,
and elephants, and horsemen, and a great number of ships:
1:19. And he made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt; but Ptolemee was
afraid at his presence and fled, and many were wounded unto death.
1:20. And he took the strong cities in the land of Egypt: and he took
the spoils of the land of Egypt.
1:21. And after Antiochus had ravaged Egypt, in the hundred and
forty-third year, he returned and went up against Israel.
1:22. And he went up to Jerusalem, with a great multitude.
1:23. And he proudly entered into the sanctuary, and took away the
golden altar, and the candlestick of light, and all the vessels
thereof, and the table of proposition, and the pouring vessels, and the
vials, and the little mortars of gold, and the veil, and the crowns,
and the golden ornament that was before the temple: and he broke them
all in pieces.
1:24. And he took the silver and gold, and the precious vessels: and he
took the hidden treasures, which he found: and when he had taken all
away, he departed into his own country.
1:25. And he made a great slaughter of men, and spoke very proudly.
1:26. And there was great mourning in Israel, and in every place where
1:27. And the princes, and the ancients mourned, and the virgins and
the young men were made feeble, and the beauty of the women was
1:28. Every bridegroom took up lamentation: and the bride that sat in
the marriage bed, mourned:
1:29. And the land was moved for the inhabitants thereof, and all the
house of Jacob was covered with confusion.
1:30. And after two full years, the king sent the chief collector of
his tributes to the cities of Juda, and he came to Jerusalem with a
The chief collector, etc. . .Apollonius.
1:31. And he spoke to them peaceable words in deceit; and they believed
1:32. And he fell upon the city suddenly, and struck it with a great
slaughter, and destroyed much people in Israel.
1:33. And he took the spoils of the city, and burnt it with fire, and
threw down the houses thereof, and the walls thereof round about:
1:34. And they took the women captive, and the children, and the cattle
1:35. And they built the city of David with a great and strong wall,
and with strong towers, and made it a fortress for them:
The city of David. . .That is, the castle of Sion.
1:36. And they placed there a sinful nation, wicked men, and they
fortified themselves therein: and they stored up armour; and victuals,
and gathered together the spoils of Jerusalem;
1:37. And laid them up there: and they became a great snare.
1:38. And this was a place to lie in wait against the sanctuary, and an
evil devil in Israel.
An evil devil. . .That is, an adversary watching constantly to do harm,
as the evil spirit is always watching and seeking whom he may devour.
1:39. And they shed innocent blood round about the sanctuary, and
defiled the holy place.
1:40. And the inhabitants of Jerusalem fled away by reason of them and
the city was made the habitation of strangers, and she became a
stranger to her own seed, and her children forsook her.
1:41. Her sanctuary was desolate like a wilderness, her festival days
were turned into mourning, her sabbaths into reproach, her honours were
brought to nothing.
1:42. Her dishonour was increased according to her glory, and her
excellency was turned into mourning.
1:43. And king Antiochus wrote to all his kingdom, that all the people
should be one: and every one should leave his own law.
1:44. And all nations consented, according to the word of king
1:45. And many of Israel consented to his service, and they sacrificed
to idols, and profaned the sabbath.
1:46. And the king sent letters by the hands of messengers to
Jerusalem, and to all the cities of Juda; that they should follow the
law of the nations of the earth.
1:47. And should forbid holocausts and sacrifices, and atonements to be
made in the temple of God.
1:48. And should prohibit the sabbath, and the festival days to be
1:49. And he commanded the holy places to be profaned, and the holy
people of Israel.
1:50. And he commanded altars to be built, and temples, and idols, and
swine's flesh to be immolated, and unclean beasts,
1:51. And that they should leave their children uncircumcised, and let
their souls be defiled with all uncleannesses, and abominations, to the
end that they should forget the law, and should change all the
justifications of God.
1:52. And that whosoever would not do according to the word of king
Antiochus, should be put to death.
1:53. According to all these words he wrote to his whole kingdom: and
he appointed rulers over the people that should force them to do these
1:54. And they commanded the cities of Juda to sacrifice.
1:55. Then many of the people were gathered to them that had forsaken
the law of the Lord: and they committed evils in the land:
1:56. And they drove away the people of Israel into lurking holes, and
into the secret places of fugitives.
1:57. On the fifteenth day of the month, Casleu, in the hundred and
forty-fifth year, king Antiochus set up the abominable idol of
desolation upon the altar of God, and they built altars throughout all
the cities of Juda round about:
The abominable idol, etc. . .Viz., the statue of Jupiter Olympius.
1:58. And they burnt incense, and sacrificed at the doors of the houses
and in the streets.
1:59. And they cut in pieces, and burnt with fire the books of the law
1:60. And every one with whom the books of the testament of the Lord
were found, and whosoever observed the law of the Lord, they put to
death, according to the edict of the king.
1:61. Thus by their power did they deal with the people of Israel, that
were found in the cities month after month.
1:62. And on the five and twentieth day of the month they sacrificed
upon the altar of the idol that was over against the altar of God.
1:63. Now the women that circumcised their children were slain
according to the commandment of king Antiochus,
1:64. And they hanged the children about their neck in all their
houses: and those that had circumcised them, they put to death.
1:65. And many of the people of Israel determined with themselves, that
they would not eat unclean things: and they chose rather to die, than
to be defiled with unclean meats:
1:66. And they would not break the holy law of God and they were put to
1:67. And there was very great wrath upon the people.
1 Machabees Chapter 2
The zeal and success of Mathathias. His exhortation to his sons at his
2:1. In those days arose Mathathias, the son of John, the son of
Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and he abode in
the mountain of Modin:
2:2. And he had five sons: John, who was surnamed Gaddis:
2:3. And Simon, who was surnamed Thasi;
2:4. And Judas, who was called Machabeus;
2:5. And Eleazar, who was surnamed Abaron; and Jonathan, who was
2:6. These saw the evils that were done in the people of Juda, and in
2:7. And Mathathias said: Woe is me, wherefore was I born to see the
ruin of my people, and the ruin of the holy city, and to dwell there,
when it is given into the hands of the enemies?
2:8. The holy places are come into the hands of strangers her temple is
become as a man without honour.
2:9. The vessels of her glory are carried away captive; her old men are
murdered in the streets, and her young men are fallen by the sword of
2:10. What nation hath not inherited her kingdom, and gotten of her
2:11. All her ornaments are taken away. She that was free is made a
2:12. And behold our sanctuary, and our beauty, and our glory is laid
waste, and the Gentiles have defiled them.
2:13. To what end then should we live any longer?
2:14. And Mathathias and his sons rent their garments, and they covered
themselves with haircloth, and made great lamentation.
2:15. And they that were sent from king Antiochus, came thither, to
compel them that were fled into the city of Modin, to sacrifice, and to
burn incense, and to depart from the law of God.
2:16. And many of the people of Israel consented and came to them: but
Mathathias and his sons stood firm.
2:17. And they that were sent from Antiochus, answering, said to
Mathathias: Thou art a ruler, and an honourable, and great man in this
city, and adorned with sons, and brethren.
2:18. Therefore, come thou first, and obey the king's commandment, as
all nations have done, and the men of Juda, and they that remain in
Jerusalem: and thou, and thy sons shall be in the number of the king's
friends, and enriched with gold, and silver, and many presents.
2:19. Then Mathathias answered, and said with a loud voice: Although all
nations obey king Antiochus, so as to depart every man from the service
of the law of his fathers, and consent to his commandments:
2:20. I and my sons, and my brethren will obey the law of our fathers.
2:21. God be merciful unto us: it is not profitable for us to forsake
the law, and the justices of God:
2:22. We will not hearken to the words of king Antiochus, neither will
we sacrifice and transgress the commandments of our law, to go another
2:23. Now as he left off speaking these words, there came a certain Jew
in the sight of all to sacrifice to the idols upon the altar in the
city of Modin, according to the king's commandment.
2:24. And Mathathias saw, and was grieved, and his reins trembled, and
his wrath was kindled according to the judgment of the law, and running
upon him he slew him upon the altar:
2:25. Moreover the man whom king Antiochus had sent, who compelled them
to sacrifice, he slew at the same time, and pulled down the altar,
2:26. And shewed zeal for the law, as Phinees did by Zamri, the son of
2:27. And Mathathias cried out in the city with a loud voice, saying:
Every one that hath zeal for the law, and maintaineth the testament,
let him follow me.
2:28. So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that
they had in the city.
2:29. Then many that sought after judgment, and justice, went down into
2:30. And they abode there, they and their children, and their wives,
and their cattle: because afflictions increased upon them.
2:31. And it was told to the king's men, and to the army that was in
Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who had broken the
king's commandment, were gone away into the secret places in the
wilderness, and that many were gone after them.
2:32. And forthwith they went out towards them, and made war against
them on the sabbath day.
2:33. And they said to them: Do you still resist? come forth, and do
according to the edict of king Antiochus, and you shall live.
2:34. And they said: We will not come forth, neither will we obey the
king's edict, to profane the sabbath day.
2:35. And they made haste to give them battle.
2:36. But they answered them not, neither did they cast a stone at
them, nor stopped up the secret places,
2:37. Saying: Let us all die in our innocency: and heaven and earth
shall be witnesses for us, that you put us to death wrongfully.
2:38. So they gave them battle on the sabbath: and they were slain,
with their wives, and their children, and their cattle, to the number
of a thousand persons.
2:39. And Mathathias and his friends heard of it, and they mourned for
2:40. And every man said to his neighbour: If we shall all do as our
brethren have done, and not fight against the heathens for our lives,
and our justifications, they will now quickly root us out of the earth.
2:41. And they determined in that day, saying: Whosoever shall come up
against us to fight on the sabbath day, we will fight against him: and
we will not all die, as our brethren that were slain in the secret
2:42. Then was assembled to them the congregation of the Assideans, the
stoutest of Israel, every one that had a good will for the law.
The Assideans. . .A set of men that led a religious life; and were
zealous for the law and worship of God.
2:43. And all they that fled from the evils, joined themselves to them,
and were a support to them.
2:44. And they gathered an army, and slew the sinners in their wrath,
and the wicked men in their indignation: and the rest fled to the
nations for safety.
2:45. And Mathathias and his friends went round about, and they threw
down the altars:
2:46. And they circumcised all the children whom they found in the
confines of Israel that were uncircumcised: and they did valiantly.
2:47. And they pursued after the children of pride, and the work
prospered in their hands:
2:48. And they recovered the law out of the hands of the nations, and
out of the hands of the kings: and they yielded not the horn to the
They yielded not the horn, etc. . .That is, they suffered not the power
of Antiochus, that man of sin, to abolish the law and religion of God.
2:49. Now the days drew near that Mathathias should die, and he said to
his sons: Now hath pride and chastisement gotten strength, and the time
of destruction, and the wrath of indignation:
2:50. Now, therefore, O my sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give
your lives for the covenant of your fathers.
2:51. And call to remembrance the works of the fathers, which they have
done in their generations: and you shall receive great glory, and an
2:52. Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was reputed
to him unto justice?
2:53. Joseph, in the time of his distress, kept the commandment, and he
was made lord of Egypt.
2:54. Phinees, our father, by being fervent in the zeal of God,
received the covenant of an everlasting priesthood.
2:55. Jesus, whilst he fulfilled the word, was made ruler in Israel.
Jesus. . .That is, Josue.
2:56. Caleb, for bearing witness before the congregation, received an
2:57. David, by his mercy, obtained the throne of an everlasting
2:58. Elias, while he is full of zeal for the law, was taken up into
2:59. Ananias and Azarias and Misael, by believing, were delivered out
of the flame.
2:60. Daniel, in his innocency, was delivered out of the mouth of the
2:61. And thus consider, through all generations: that none that trust
in him, fail in strength.
2:62. And fear not the words of a sinful man, for his glory is dung and
2:63. Today he is lifted up, and tomorrow he shall not be found,
because he is returned into his earth and his thought is come to
2:64. You, therefore, my sons, take courage, and behave manfully in the
law: for by it you shall be glorious.
2:65. And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsel:
give ear to him always, and he shall be a father to you.
2:66. And Judas Machabeus, who is valiant and strong from his youth up,
let him be the leader of your army, and he shall manage the war of the
2:67. And you shall take to you all that observe the law: and revenge
ye the wrong of your people.
2:68. Render to the Gentiles their reward, and take heed to the
precepts of the law.
2:69. And he blessed them, and was joined to his fathers.
2:70. And he died in the hundred and forty-sixth year: and he was
buried by his sons in the sepulchres of his fathers, in Modin, and all
Israel mourned for him with great mourning.
1 Machabees Chapter 3
Judas Machabeus succeeds his father, and overthrows Apollonius and
Seron. A great army is sent against him out of Syria. He prepares his
people for battle by fasting and prayer.
3:1. Then his son Judas, called Machabeus, rose up in his stead.
3:2. And all his brethren helped him, and all they that had joined
themselves to his father, and they fought with cheerfulness the battle
3:3. And he got his people great honour, and put on a breastplate as a
giant, and girt his warlike armour about him in battles, and protected
the camp with his sword.
3:4. In his acts he was like a lion, and like a lion's whelp roaring
for his prey.
3:5. And he pursued the wicked and sought them out, and them that
troubled his people he burnt with fire:
3:6. And his enemies were driven away for fear of him, and all the
workers of iniquity were troubled: and salvation prospered in his hand.
3:7. And he grieved many kings, and made Jacob glad with his works, and
his memory is blessed for ever.
3:8. And he went through the cities of Juda, and destroyed the wicked
out of them, and turned away wrath from Israel.
3:9. And he was renowned even to the utmost part of the earth, and he
gathered them that were perishing.
3:10. And Apollonius gathered together the Gentiles, and a numerous and
great army from Samaria, to make war against Israel.
3:11. And Judas understood it, and went forth to meet him: and he
overthrew him, and killed him: and many fell down slain, and the rest
3:12. And he took their spoils, and Judas took the sword of Apollonius,
and fought with it all his lifetime.
3:13. And Seron, captain of the army of Syria, heard that Judas had
assembled a company of the faithful, and a congregation with him,
3:14. And he said I will get me a name, and will be glorified in the
kingdom, and will overthrow Judas, and those that are with him, that
have despised the edict of the king.
3:15. And he made himself ready; and the host of the wicked went up
with him, strong succours, to be revenged of the children of Israel.
3:16. And they approached even as far as Bethoron: and Judas went forth
to meet him, with a small company.
3:17. But when they saw the army coming to meet them, they said to
Judas: How shall we, being few, be able to fight against so great a
multitude, and so strong, and we are ready to faint with fasting today?
3:18. And Judas said: It is an easy matter for many to be shut up in
the hands of a few: and there is no difference in the sight of the God
of heaven to deliver with a great multitude, or with a small company:
3:19. For the success of war is not in the multitude of the army, but
strength cometh from heaven.
3:20. They come against us with an insolent multitude, and with pride,
to destroy us, and our wives, and our children, and to take our spoils.
3:21. But we will fight for our lives, and our laws:
3:22. And the Lord himself will overthrow them before our face, but as
for you, fear them not
3:23. And as soon as he had made an end of speaking, he rushed suddenly
upon them: and Seron, and his host were overthrown before him:
3:24. And he pursued him by the descent of Bethoron, even to the plain,
and there fell of them eight hundred men, and the rest fled into the
land of the Philistines.
3:25. And the fear of Judas, and of his brethren, and the dread of
them, fell upon all the nations round about them.
3:26. And his fame came to the king, and all nations told of the
battles of Judas.
3:27. Now when king Antiochus heard these words, he was angry in his
mind: and he sent, and gathered the forces of all his kingdom, an
exceeding strong army.
3:28. And he opened his treasury, and gave out pay to the army for a
year: and he commanded them, that they should be ready for all things.
3:29. And he perceived that the money of his treasures failed, and that
the tributes of the country were small, because of the dissension, and
the evil that he had brought upon the land, that he might take away the
laws of old times:
3:30. And he feared that he should not have as formerly enough for
charges and gifts, which he had given before with a liberal hand: for
he had abounded more than the kings that had been before him.
3:31. And he was greatly perplexed in mind, and purposed to go into
Persia, and to take tributes of the countries, and to gather much
3:32. And he left Lysias, a nobleman of the blood royal to oversee the
affairs of the kingdom from the river Euphrates even to the river of
3:33. And to bring up his son, Antiochus, till he came again.
3:34. And he delivered to him half the army, and the elephants: and he
gave him charge concerning all that he would have done, and concerning
the inhabitants of Judea, and Jerusalem.
3:35. And that he should send an army against them to destroy and root
out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and to take
away the memory of them from that place.
3:36. And that he should settle strangers, to dwell in all their
coasts, and divide their land by lot.
3:37. So the king took the half of the army that remained, and went
forth from Antioch, the chief city of his kingdom, in the hundred and
forty-seventh year: and he passed over the river Euphrates, and went
through the higher countries.
3:38. Then Lysias chose Ptolemee, the son of Dorymenus, and Nicanor,
and Gorgias, mighty men of the king's friends.
3:39. And he sent with them forty thousand men, and seven thousand
horsemen: to go into the land of Juda, and to destroy it, according to
the king's orders.
3:40. So they went forth with all their power, and came, and pitched
near Emmaus, in the plain country.
3:41. And the merchants of the countries heard the fame of them: and
they took silver and gold in abundance, and servants: and they came
into the camp, to buy the children of Israel for slaves: and there were
joined to them the forces of Syria, and of the land of the strangers.
3:42. And Judas, and his brethren, saw that evils were multiplied, and
that the armies approached to their borders: and they knew the orders
the king had given to destroy the people, and utterly abolish them.
3:43. And they said, every man to his neighbour: Let us raise up the
low condition of our people, and let us fight for our people, and our
3:44. And the assembly was gathered, that they might be ready for
battle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy and compassion.
3:45. Now Jerusalem was not inhabited, but was like a desert: there was
none of her children that went in or out: and the sanctuary was trodden
down: and the children of strangers were in the castle, there was the
habitation of the Gentiles: and joy was taken away from Jacob, and the
pipe and harp ceased there.
3:46. And they assembled together, and came to Maspha, over against
Jerusalem: for in Maspha was a place of prayer heretofore in Israel.
3:47. And they fasted that day, and put on haircloth, and put ashes
upon their heads: and they rent their garments:
3:48. And they laid open the books of the law, in which the Gentiles
searched for the likeness of their idols:
3:49. And they brought the priestly ornaments, and the first fruits and
tithes, and stirred up the Nazarites that had fulfilled their days:
3:50. And they cried with a loud voice toward heaven, saying: What
shall we do with these, and whither shall we carry them?
3:51. For thy holies are trodden down, and are profaned, and thy
priests are in mourning, and are brought low.
3:52. And behold the nations are come together against us, to destroy
us: thou knowest what they intend against us.
3:53. How shall we be able to stand before their face, unless thou, O
God, help us?
3:64. Then they sounded with trumpets, and cried out with a loud voice.
3:66. And after this, Judas appointed captains over the people, over
thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
3:66. And he said to them that were building houses, or had betrothed
wives, or were planting vineyards, or were fearful, that they should
return every man to his house, according to the law.
3:67. So they removed the camp, and pitched on the south side of
3:68. And Judas said: Gird yourselves, and be valiant men, and be ready
against the morning, that you may fight with these nations that are
assembled against us to destroy us and our sanctuary.
3:59. For it is better for us to die in battle, than to see the evils
of our nation, and of the holies:
3:60. Nevertheless, as it shall be the will of God in heaven, so be it
1 Machabees Chapter 4
Judas routs the king's army. Gorgias flies before him. Lysias comes
against him with a great army, but is defeated. Judas cleanses the
temple, sets up a new altar, and fortifies the sanctuary.
4:1. Then Gorgias took five thousand men, and a thousand of the best
horsemen; and they removed out of the camp by night.
4:2. That they might come upon the camp of the Jews and strike them
suddenly: and the men that were of the castle were their guides.
4:3. And Judas heard of it, and rose up, he and the valiant men, to
attack the king's forces that were in Emmaus.
4:4. For as yet the army was dispersed from the camp
The army was dispersed. . .That is, in different divisions, not
4:5. And Gorgias came by night into the camp of Judas, and found no
man; and he sought them in the mountains: for he said: These men flee
4:6. And when it was day, Judas shewed himself in the plain with three
thousand men only, who neither had armour nor swords:
Who neither had armour nor swords. . .Such as they wished for.
4:7. And they saw the camp of the Gentiles that it was strong, and the
men in breastplates, and the horsemen round about them, and these were
trained up to war.
4:8. And Judas said to the men that were with him: Fear ye not their
multitude, neither be ye afraid of their assault.
4:9. Remember in what manner our fathers were saved in the Red Sea,
when Pharaoh pursued them with a great army.
4:10. And now let us cry to heaven, and the Lord will have mercy on us,
and will remember the covenant of our fathers, and will destroy this
army before our face this day:
4:11. And all nations shall know that there is one that redeemeth and
4:12. And the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them coming
4:13. And they went out of the camp to battle, and they that were with
Judas sounded the trumpet.
4:14. And they joined battle: and the Gentiles were routed, and fled
into the plain.
4:15. But all the hindmost of them fell by the sword and they pursued
them as far as Gezeron, and even to the plains of Idumea, and of
Azotus, and of Jamnia: and there fell of them to the number of three
4:16. And Judas returned again with his army that followed him.
4:17. And he said to the people: Be not greedy of the spoils; for there
is war before us:
4:18. And Gorgias and his army are near us in the mountain: but stand
ye now against our enemies, and overthrow them, and you shall take the
spoils afterwards with safety.
4:19. And as Judas was speaking these words, behold part of them
appeared, looking forth from the mountain.
4:20. And Gorgias saw that his men were put to flight, and that they
had set fire to the camp: for the smoke that was seen declared what was
4:21. And when they had seen this, they were seized with great fear,
seeing at the same time Judas and his army in the plain ready to fight.
4:22. So they all fled away into the land of the strangers.
4:23. And Judas returned to take the spoils of the camp, and they got
much gold, and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great
4:24. And returning home, they sung a hymn, and blessed God in heaven,
because he is good, because his mercy endureth for ever.
4:25. So Israel had a great deliverance that day.
4:26. And such of the strangers as escaped, went and told Lysias all
that had happened.
4:27. And when he heard these things, he was amazed and discouraged:
because things had not succeeded in Israel according to his mind, and
as the king had commanded.
4:28. So the year following, Lysias gathered together threescore
thousand chosen men, and five thousand horsemen, that he might subdue
4:29. And they came into Judea, and pitched their tents in Bethoron,
and Judas met them with ten thousand men.
4:30. And they saw that the army was strong, and he prayed and said:
Blessed art thou, O Saviour of Israel, who didst break the violence of
the mighty by the hand of thy servant David, and didst deliver up the
camp of the strangers into the hands of Jonathan the son of Saul, and
of his armour bearer.
4:31. Shut up this army in the hands of thy people Israel, and let them
be confounded in their host and their horsemen.
4:32. Strike them with fear, and cause the boldness of their strength to
languish, and let them quake at their own destruction.
4:33. Cast them down with the sword of them that love thee: and let all
that know thy name praise thee with hymns.
4:34. And they joined battle: and there fell of the army of Lysias five
4:35. And when Lysias saw that his men were put to flight, and how bold
the Jews were, and that they were ready either to live, or to die
manfully, he went to Antioch, and chose soldiers, that they might come
again into Judea with greater numbers.
4:36. Then Judas, and his brethren said: Behold our enemies are
discomfited: let us go up now to cleanse the holy places, and to repair
4:37. And all the army assembled together, and they went up into Mount
4:38. And they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar profaned, and
the gates burnt, and shrubs growing up in the courts as in a forest, or
on the mountains, and the chambers joining to the temple thrown down.
4:39. And they rent their garments, and made great lamentation, and put
ashes on their heads:
4:40. And they fell down to the ground on their faces, and they sounded
with the trumpets of alarm, and they cried towards heaven.
4:41. Then Judas appointed men to fight against them that were in the
castle, till they had cleansed the holy places,
4:42. And he chose priests without blemish, whose will was set upon the
law of God.
4:43. And they cleansed the holy places, and took away the stones that
had been defiled into an unclean place.
4:44. And he considered about the altar of holocausts that had been
profaned, what he should do with it.
4:45. And a good counsel came into their minds, to pull it down: lest
it should be a reproach to them, because the Gentiles had defiled it;
so they threw it down.
4:46. And they laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple, in a
convenient place, till there should come a prophet, and give answer
4:47. Then they took whole stones, according to the law and built a new
altar, according to the former:
4:48. And they built up the holy places, and the things that were
within the temple: and they sanctified the temple and the courts.
4:49. And they made new holy vessels, and brought in the candlestick,
and the altar of incense, and the table, into the temple.
4:50. And they put incense upon the altar, and lighted up the lamps
that were upon the candlestick, and they gave light in the temple.
4:51. And they set the loaves upon the table, and hung up the veils,
and finished all the works that they had begun to make.
4:52. And they arose before the morning on the five and twentieth day
of the ninth month, (which is the month of Casleu) in the hundred and
4:53. And they offered sacrifice, according to the law, upon the new
altar of holocausts which they had made.
4:54. According to the time, and according to the day wherein the
heathens had defiled it, in the same was it dedicated anew with
canticles, and harps, and lutes, and cymbals.
4:55. And all the people fell upon their faces, and adored, and blessed
up to heaven, him that had prospered them.
4:56. And they kept the dedication of the altar eight days, and they
offered holocausts with joy, and sacrifices of salvation, and of
4:57. And they adorned the front of the temple with crowns of gold, and
escutcheons, and they renewed the gates, and the chambers, and hanged
doors upon them.
4:58. And there was exceeding great joy among the people, and the
reproach of the Gentiles was turned away.
4:59. And Judas, and his brethren, and all the church of Israel
decreed, that the day of the dedication of the altar should be kept in
its season from year to year for eight days, from the five and
twentieth day of the month of Casleu, with joy and gladness.
4:60. They built up also at that time Mount Sion, with high walls, and
strong towers round about, lest the Gentiles should at any time come,
and tread it down, as they did before.
4:61. And he placed a garrison there, to keep it, and he fortified it,
to secure Bethsura, that the people might have a defence against
1 Machabees Chapter 5
Judas and his brethren attack the enemies of their country, and deliver
them that were distressed. Josephus and Azarius, attempting contrary to
order to fight against their enemies, are defeated.
5:1. Now it came to pass, when the nations round about heard that the
altar and the sanctuary were built up, as before, that they were
5:2. And they thought to destroy the generation of Jacob that were
among them, and they began to kill some of the people, and to persecute
5:3. Then Judas fought against the children of Esau in Idumea, and them
that were in Acrabathane: because they beset the Israelites round
about, and he made a great slaughter of them.
5:4. And he remembered the malice of the children of Bean: who were a
snare and a stumblingblock to the people, by lying in wait for them in
5:5. And they were shut up by him in towers, and he set upon them, and
devoted them to utter destruction, and burnt their towers with fire,
and all that were in them.
5:6. Then he passed over to the children of Ammon, where he found a
mighty power, and much people, and Timotheus was their captain:
5:7. And he fought many battles with them, and they were discomfited in
their sight, and he smote them:
5:8. And he took the city of Gazer and her towns, and returned into
5:9. And the Gentiles that were in Galaad, assembled themselves
together against the Israelites that were in their quarters, to destroy
them: and they fled into the fortress of Datheman.
5:10. And they sent letters to Judas, and his brethren, saying: The
heathens that are round about are gathered together against us to
5:11. And they are preparing to come, and to take the fortress into
which we are fled: and Timotheus is the captain of their host.
5:12. Now therefore come, and deliver us out of their hands, for many
of us are slain.
5:13. And all our brethren that were in the places of Tubin, are
killed: and they have carried away their wives, and their children,
captives, and taken their spoils, and they have slain there almost a
5:14. And while they were yet reading these letters, behold there came
other messengers out of Galilee with their garments rent, who related
according to these words:
5:15. Saying, that they of Ptolemais, and of Tyre, and of Sidon, were
assembled against them, and all Galilee is filled with strangers, in
order to consume us.
5:16. Now when Judas and the people heard these words, a great assembly
met together to consider what they should do for their brethren that
were in trouble, and were assaulted by them.
5:17. And Judas said to Simon, his brother: Choose thee men, and go,
and deliver thy brethren in Galilee: and I, and my brother Jonathan,
will go into the country of Galaad:
5:18. And he left Joseph, the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains
of the people, with the remnant of the army in Judea, to keep it:
5:19. And he commanded them, saying: Take ye the charge of this people;
but make no war against the heathens, till we return.
5:20. Now three thousand men were allotted to Simon, to go into
Galilee: and eight thousand to Judas, to go into the land of Galaad.
5:21. And Simon went into Galilee, and fought many battles with the
heathens: and the heathens were discomfited before his face, and he
pursued them even to the gate of Ptolemais.
5:22. And there fell of the heathens almost three thousand men, and he
took the spoils of them.
5:23. And he took with him those that were in Galilee and in Arbatis,
with their wives, and children, and all that they had, and he brought
them into Judea with great joy.
5:24. And Judas Machabeus, and Jonathan, his brother, passed over the
Jordan, and went three days' journey through the desert.
5:25. And the Nabutheans met them, and received them in a peaceable
manner, and told them all that happened to their brethren in the land
5:26. And that many of them were shut up in Barasa, and in Bosor, and
in Alima, and in Casphor, and in Mageth, and in Carnaim; all these
strong and great cities.
5:27. Yea, and that they were kept shut up in the rest of the cities of
Galaad, and that they had appointed to bring their army on the morrow
near to these cities, and to take them, and to destroy them all in one
5:28. Then Judas and his army suddenly turned their march into the
desert, to Bosor, and took the city: and he slew every male by the edge
of the sword, and took all their spoils, and burnt it with fire.
5:29. And they removed from thence by night, and went till they came to
5:30. And it came to pass that early in the morning, when they lifted
up their eyes, behold there were people without number, carrying
ladders and engines to take the fortress, and assault them.
5:31. And Judas saw that the fight was begun, and the cry of the battle
went up to heaven like a trumpet, and a great cry out of the city:
5:32. And he said to his host: Fight ye today for your brethren.
5:33. And he came with three companies behind them, and they sounded
their trumpets, and cried out in prayer.
5:34. And the host of Timotheus understood that it was Machabeus, and
they fled away before his face and they made a great slaughter of them,
and there fell of them in that day almost eight thousand men.
5:35. And Judas turned aside to Maspha, and assaulted, and took it, and
he slew every male thereof, and took the spoils thereof, and burnt it
5:36. From thence he marched, and took Casbon, and Mageth, and Bosor,
and the rest of the cities of Galaad.
5:37. But after this Timotheus gathered another army, and camped over
against Raphon, beyond the torrent.
5:38. And Judas sent men to view the army: and they brought him word,
saying: All the nations, that are round about us, are assembled unto
him an army exceeding great:
5:39. And they have hired the Arabians to help them, and they have
pitched their tents beyond the torrent, ready to come to fight against
thee. And Judas went to meet them.
5:40. And Timotheus said to the captains of his army: When Judas and
his army come near the torrent of water, if he pass over unto us first,
we shall not be able to withstand him: for he will certainly prevail
5:41. But if he be afraid to pass over, and camp on the other side of
the river, we will pass over to them, and shall prevail against him.
5:42. Now when Judas came near the torrent of water, he set the scribes
of the people by the torrent, and commanded them, saying: Suffer no man
to stay behind: but let all come to the battle.
5:43. And he passed over to them first, and all the people after him,
and all the heathens were discomfited before them, and they threw away
their weapons, and fled to the temple that was in Carnaim.
5:44. And he took that city, and the temple he burnt with fire, with
all things that were therein: and Carnaim was subdued, and could not
stand against the face of Judas.
5:45. And Judas gathered together all the Israelites that were in the
land of Galaad, from the least even to the greatest, and their wives
and children, and an army exceeding great, to come into the land of
5:46. And they came as far as Ephron: now this was a great city,
situate in the way, strongly fortified, and there was no means to turn
from it on the right hand or on the left, but the way was through the
midst of it.
5:47. And they that were in the city shut themselves in, and stopped up
the gates with stones: and Judas sent to them with peaceable words,
5:48. Saying: Let us pass through your land, to go into our own
country, and no man shall hurt you; we will only pass through on foot.
But they would not open to them.
5:49. Then Judas commanded proclamation to be made in the camp, that
they should make an assault, every man in the place where he was.
5:50. And the men of the army drew near, and he assaulted that city all
the day, and all the night; and the city was delivered into his hands:
5:51. And they slew every male with the edge of the sword, and he razed
the city, and took the spoils thereof, and passed through all the city
over them that were slain.
5:52. Then they passed over the Jordan to the great plain that is over
5:53. And Judas gathered together the hindmost, and he exhorted the
people, all the way through, till they came into the land of Juda.
5:54. And they went up to mount Sion with joy and gladness, and offered
holocausts, because not one of them was slain, till they had returned
5:55. Now in the days that Judas and Jonathan were in the land of
Galaad, and Simon his brother in Galilee, before Ptolemais,
5:56. Joseph, the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captain of the
soldiers, heard of the good success, and the battles that were fought,
5:57. And he said: Let us also get us a name, and let us go fight
against the Gentiles that are round about us.
5:58. And he gave charge to them that were in his army, and they went
5:59. And Gorgias and his men went out of the city, to give them
5:60. And Joseph and Azarias were put to flight, and were pursued unto
the borders of Judea: and there fell on that day, of the people of
Israel, about two thousand men, and there was a great overthrow of the
5:61. Because they did not hearken to Judas and his brethren, thinking
that they should do manfully.
5:62. But they were not of the seed of those men by whom salvation was
brought to Israel.
5:63. And the men of Juda were magnified exceedingly in the sight of
all Israel, and of all the nations where their name was heard.
5:64. And the people assembled to them with joyful acclamations.
5:65. Then Judas and his brethren went forth and attacked the children
of Esau, in the land towards the south, and he took Chebron and her
towns: and he burnt the walls thereof, and the towers all round it.
5:66. And he removed his camp to go into the land of the aliens, and he
went through Samaria.
5:67. In that day some priests fell in battle, while desiring to do
manfully they went out unadvisedly to fight.
5:68. And Judas turned to Azotus, into the land of the strangers, and
he threw down their altars, and he burnt the statues of their gods with
fire: and he took the spoils of the cities, and returned into the land
1 Machabees Chapter 6
The fruitless repentance and death of Antiochus. His son comes against
Judas with a formidable army. He besieges Sion: but at last makes peace
with the Jews.
6:1. Now king Antiochus was going through the higher countries, and he
heard that the city of Elymais in Persia, was greatly renowned, and
abounding in silver and gold,
6:2. And that there was in it a temple exceeding rich; and coverings of
gold, and breastplates, and shields, which king Alexander, son of
Philip, the Macedonian, that reigned first in Greece, had left there.
6:3. So he came, and sought to take the city and to pillage it; but he
was not able, because the design was known to them that were in the
6:4. And they rose up against him in battle, and he fled away from
thence, and departed with great sadness, and returned towards
6:5. And whilst he was in Persia there came one that told him how the
armies that were in the land of Juda were put to flight:
6:6. And that Lysias went with a very great power, and was put to
flight before the face of the Jews, and that they were grown strong by
the armour, and power, and store of spoils which they had gotten out of
the camps which they had destroyed:
6:7. And that they had thrown down the abomination which he had set up
upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed about the
sanctuary with high walls as before, and Bethsura also, his city.
6:8. And it came to pass, when the king heard these words, that he was
struck with fear, and exceedingly moved: and he laid himself down upon
his bed, and fell sick for grief, because it had not fallen out to him
as he imagined.
6:9. And he remained there many days: for great grief came more and
more upon him, and he made account that he should die.
6:10. And he called for all his friends, and said to them: Sleep is
gone from my eyes, and I am fallen away, and my heart is cast down for
6:11. And I said in my heart: Into how much tribulation am I come, and
into what floods of sorrow wherein now I am: I that was pleasant and
beloved in my power!
6:12. But now I remember the evils that I did in Jerusalem, from whence
also I took away all the spoils of gold, and of silver, that were in
it, and I sent to destroy the inhabitants of Juda without cause.
6:13. I know, therefore, that for this cause these evils have found me:
and behold I perish with great grief in a strange land.
6:14. Then he called Philip, one of his friends, and he made him regent
over all his kingdom.
6:15. And he gave him the crown, and his robe, and his ring, that he
should go to Antiochus, his son, and should bring him up for the
6:16. So king Antiochus died there in the year one hundred and
6:17. And Lysias understood that the king was dead, and he set up
Antiochus, his son, to reign, whom he had brought up young: and he
called his name Eupator.
6:18. Now they that were in the castle, had shut up the Israelites
round about the holy places: and they were continually seeking their
hurt, and to strengthen the Gentiles.
6:19. And Judas purposed to destroy them: and he called together all
the people, to besiege them.
6:20. And they came together, and besieged them in the year one hundred
and fifty, and they made battering slings and engines.
6:21. And some of the besieged got out: and some wicked men of Israel
joined themselves unto them.
6:22. And they went to the king, and said: How long dost thou delay to
execute judgment, and to revenge our brethren?
6:23. We determined to serve thy father, and to do according to his
orders, and obey his edicts:
6:24. And for this they of our nation are alienated from us, and have
slain as many of us as they could find, and have spoiled our
6:25. Neither have they put forth their hand against us only, but also
against all our borders.
6:26. And behold they have approached this day to the castle of
Jerusalem to take it, and they have fortified the strong hold of
6:27. And unless thou speedily prevent them, they will do greater
things than these, and thou shalt not be able to subdue them.
6:28. Now when the king heard this, he was angry: and he called
together all his friends, and the captains of his army, and them that
were over the horsemen.
6:29. There came also to him from other realms, and from the islands of
the sea, hired troops.
6:30. And the number of his army was an hundred thousand footmen, and
twenty thousand horsemen, and thirty-two elephants trained to battle.
6:31. And they went through Idumea, and approached to Bethsura, and
fought many days, and they made engines: but they sallied forth, and
burnt them with fire, and fought manfully.
But they sallied forth. . .That is, the citizens of Bethsura sallied
forth and burnt them, that is, burnt the engines of the besiegers.
6:32. And Judas departed from the castle, and removed the camp to
Bethzacharam, over against the king's camp.
6:33. And the king rose before it was light, and made his troops march
on fiercely towards the way of Bethzacharam: and the armies made
themselves ready for the battle, and they sounded the trumpets:
6:34. And they shewed the elephants the blood of grapes, and
mulberries, to provoke them to fight.
6:35. And they distributed the beasts by the legions: and there stood
by every elephant a thousand men in coats of mail, and with helmets of
brass on their heads: and five hundred horsemen set in order were
chosen for every beast.
6:36. These before the time wheresoever the beast was they were there:
and whithersoever it went, they went, and they departed not from it.
These before the time. . .That is, these were ready for every occasion.
6:37. And upon the beast, there were strong wooden towers which covered
every one of them: and engines upon them, and upon every one thirty-two
valiant men, who fought from above: and an Indian to rule the beast.
6:38. And the rest of the horsemen he placed on this side and on that
side, at the two wings, with trumpets to stir up the army, and to
hasten them forward that stood thick together in the legions thereof.
6:39. Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold, and of brass,
the mountains glittered therewith, and they shone like lamps of fire.
6:40. And part of the king's army was distinguished by the high
mountains, and the other part by the low places: and they marched on
warily and orderly.
6:41. And all the inhabitants of the land were moved at the noise of
their multitude, and the marching of the company, and the rattling of
the armour, for the army was exceeding great and strong.
6:42. And Judas and his army drew near for battle: and there fell of
the king's army six hundred men.
6:43. And Eleazar, the son of Saura, saw one of the beasts harnessed
with the king's harness: and it was higher than the other beasts; and
it seemed to him that the king was on it:
6:44. And he exposed himself to deliver his people, and to get himself
an everlasting name.
6:45. And he ran up to it boldly in the midst of the legion, killing on
the right hand, and on the left, and they fell by him on this side and
6:46. And he went between the feet of the elephant, and put himself
under it: and slew it, and it fell to the ground upon him, and he died
6:47. Then they seeing the strength of the king and the fierceness of
his army, turned away from them.
6:48. But the king's army went up against them to Jerusalem: and the
king's army pitched their tents against Judea and Mount Sion.
6:49. And he made peace with them that were in Bethsura: and they came
forth out of the city, because they had no victuals, being shut up
there, for it was the year of rest to the land.
6:50. And the king took Bethsura: and he placed there a garrison to
6:51. And he turned his army against the sanctuary for many days: and
he set up there battering slings, and engines, and instruments to cast
fire, and engines to cast stones and javelins, and pieces to shoot
arrows, and slings.
6:52. And they also made engines against their engines, and they fought
for many days.
6:53. But there were no victuals in the city, because it was the
seventh year: and such as had stayed in Judea of them that came from
among the nations, had eaten the residue of all that which had been
6:54. And there remained in the holy places but a few, for the famine
had prevailed over them: and they were dispersed every man to his own
6:55. Now Lysias heard that Philip; whom king Antiochus while he lived
had appointed to bring up his son, Antiochus, and to reign,
6:56. Was returned from Persia, and Media, with the army that went with
him and that he sought to take upon him the affairs of the kingdom:
6:57. Wherefore he made haste to go, and say to the king and to the
captains of the army: We decay daily, and our provision of victuals is
small, and the place that we lay siege to is strong, and it lieth upon
us to take order for the affairs of the kingdom.
6:58. Now, therefore, let us come to an agreement with these men, and
make peace with them and with all their nation.
6:59. And let us covenant with them, that they may live according to
their own laws, as before. For because of our despising their laws,
they have been provoked, and have done all these things.
6:60. And the proposal was acceptable in the sight of the king, and of
the princes: and he sent to them to make peace: and they accepted of
6:61. And the king and the princes swore to them: and they came out of
the strong hold.
6:62. Then the king entered into Mount Sion, and saw the strength of