Part 52 out of 74
Osee Chapter 13
The judgments of God upon Israel for their sins. Christ shall one day
13:1. When Ephraim spoke, a horror seized Israel: and he sinned in
Baal, and died.
13:2. And now they have sinned more and more: and they have made to
themselves a molten thing of their silver as the likeness of idols: the
whole is the work of craftsmen: to these that say: Sacrifice men, ye
that adore calves.
13:3. Therefore they shall be as a morning cloud, and as the early dew
that passeth away, as the dust that is driven with a whirlwind out of
the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
13:4. But I am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt: and thou shalt
know no God but me, and there is no saviour beside me.
13:5. I knew thee in the desert, in the land of the wilderness.
13:6. According to their pastures they were filled, and were made full:
and they lifted up their heart, and have forgotten me.
13:7. And I will be to them as a lioness, as a leopard in the way of
13:8. I will meet them as a bear that is robbed of her whelps, and I
will rend the inner parts of their liver: and I will devour them there
as a lion, the beast of the field shall tear them.
13:9. Destruction is thy own, O Israel: thy help is only in me.
13:10. Where is thy king? now especially let him save thee in all thy
cities: and thy judges, of whom thou saidst: Give me kings and princes.
13:11. I will give thee a king in my wrath, and will take him away in
13:12. The iniquity of Ephraim is bound up, his sin is hidden.
13:13. The sorrows of a woman in labour shall come upon him, he is an
unwise son: for now he shall not stand in the breach of the children.
13:14. I will deliver them out of the hand of death. I will redeem them
from death: O death, I will be thy death; O hell, I will be thy bite:
comfort is hidden from my eyes.
13:15. Because he shall make a separation between brothers: the Lord
will bring a burning wind that shall rise from the desert, and it shall
dry up his springs, and shall make his fountain desolate, and he shall
carry off the treasure of every desirable vessel.
Osee Chapter 14
Samaria shall be destroyed. An exhortation to repentance: God's favour
through Christ to the penitent.
14:1. Let Samaria perish, because she hath stirred up her God to
bitterness: let them perish by the sword, let their little ones be
dashed, and let the women with child be ripped up.
Perish, because she hath stirred up her God to bitterness. . .It is not
a curse or imprecation, but a prophecy of what should come to pass.
14:2. Return, O Israel, to the Lord thy God: for thou hast fallen down
by thy iniquity.
14:3. Take with you words, and return to the Lord, and say to him: Take
away all iniquity, and receive the good: and we will render the calves
of our lips.
14:4. Assyria shall not save us, we will not ride upon horses, neither
will we say any more: The works of our hands are our gods: for thou
wilt have mercy on the fatherless that is in thee.
14:5. I will heal their breaches, I will love them freely: for my wrath
is turned away from them.
14:6. I will be as the dew, Israel shall spring as the lily, and his
root shall shoot forth as that of Libanus.
14:7. His branches shall spread, and his glory shall be as the olive
tree: and his smell as that of Libanus.
14:8. They shall be converted that sit under his shadow: they shall
live upon wheat, and they shall blossom as a vine: his memorial shall
be as the wine of Libanus.
14:9. Ephraim shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? I will
hear him, and I will make him flourish like a green fir tree: from me
is thy fruit found.
14:10. Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and
he shall know these things? for the ways of the Lord are right, and the
just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall in them.
THE PROPHECY OF JOEL
JOEL, whose name, according to ST. JEROME, signifies THE LORD GOD: or,
as others say, THE COMING DOWN OF GOD: prophesied about the same time
in the kingdom of Judea, as OSEE did in the kingdom of Israel. He
foretells under figure the great evils that were coming upon the people
for their sins: earnestly exhorts them to repentance: and comforts them
with the promise of a TEACHER OF JUSTICE, viz., CHRIST JESUS OUR LORD,
and of the coming down of his holy SPIRIT.
Joel Chapter 1
The prophet describes the judgments that shall fall upon the people,
and invites them to fasting and prayer.
1:1. The word of the Lord, that came to Joel, the son of Phatuel.
1:2. Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the
land: did this ever happen in your days, or in the days of your
1:3. Tell ye of this to your children, and let your children tell their
children, and their children to another generation.
1:4. That which the palmerworm hath left, the locust hath eaten: and
that which the locust hath left, the bruchus hath eaten: and that which
the bruchus hath left, the mildew hath destroyed.
That which the palmerworm hath left, etc. . .Some understand this
literally of the desolation of the land by these insects: others
understand it of the different invasions of the Chaldeans, or other
1:5. Awake, ye that are drunk, and weep, and mourn all ye that take
delight; in drinking sweet wine: for it is cut off from your mouth.
1:6. For a nation come up upon my land, strong, and without number: his
teeth are like the teeth of a lion: and his cheek teeth as of a lion's
1:7. He hath laid my vineyard waste, and hath pilled off the bark of my
fig tree: he hath stripped it bare, and cast it away; the branches
thereof are made white.
1:8. Lament like a virgin girded with sackcloth for the husband of her
1:9. Sacrifice and libation is cut off from the house of the Lord: the
priests, the Lord's ministers, have mourned:
1:10. The country is destroyed, the ground hath mourned: for the corn
is wasted, the wine is confounded, the oil hath languished.
1:11. The husbandmen are ashamed, the vinedressers have howled for the
wheat, and for the barley, because the harvest of the field is
1:12. The vineyard is confounded, and the fig tree hath languished: the
pomegranate tree, and the palm tree, and the apple tree, and all the
trees of the field are withered: because joy is withdrawn from the
children of men.
1:13. Gird yourselves, and lament, O ye priests, howl, ye ministers of
the altars: go in, lie in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: because
sacrifice and libation is cut off from the house of your God.
1:14. Sanctify ye a fast, call an assembly, gather together the
ancients, all the inhabitants of the land into the house of your God:
and cry ye to the Lord:
1:15. Ah, ah, ah, for the day: because the day of the Lord is at hand,
and it shall come like destruction from the mighty.
1:16. Is not your food cut off before your eyes, joy and gladness from
the house of our God?
1:17. The beasts have rotted in their dung, the barns are destroyed,
the storehouses are broken down: because the corn is confounded.
1:18. Why did the beasts groan, why did the herds of cattle low?
because there is no pasture for them: yea, and the flocks of sheep are
1:19. To thee, O Lord, will I cry: because fire hath devoured the
beautiful places of the wilderness: and the flame hath burnt all the
trees of the country.
1:20. Yea, and the beasts of the field have looked up to thee, as a
garden bed that thirsteth after rain, for the springs of waters are
dried up, and fire hath devoured the beautiful places of the
Joel Chapter 2
2:1. Blow ye the trumpet in Sion, sound an alarm in my holy mountain,
let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: because the day of the
Lord cometh, because it is nigh at hand.
The day of the Lord. . .That is, the time when he will execute justice
2:2. A day of darkness, and of gloominess, a day of clouds and
whirlwinds: a numerous and strong people as the morning spread upon the
mountains: the like to it hath not been from the beginning, nor shall
be after it, even to the years of generation and generation.
A numerous and strong people. . .The Assyrians, or Chaldeans. Others
understand all this of an army of locusts laying waste the land.
2:3. Before the face thereof a devouring fire, and behind it a burning
flame: the land is like a garden of pleasure before it, and behind it a
desolate wilderness, neither is there any one that can escape it.
2:4. The appearance of them is as the appearance of horses, and they
shall run like horsemen.
2:5. They shall leap like the noise of chariots upon the tops of
mountains, like the noise of a flame of fire devouring the stubble, as
a strong people prepared to battle.
2:6. At their presence the people shall be in grievous pains: all faces
shall be made like a kettle.
2:7. They shall run like valiant men: like men of war they shall scale
the wall: the men shall march every one on his way, and they shall not
turn aside from their ranks.
2:8. No one shall press upon his brother: they shall walk every one in
his path: yea, and they shall fall through the windows, and shall take
2:9. They shall enter into the city: they shall run upon the wall, they
shall climb up the houses, they shall come in at the windows, as a
2:10. At their presence the earth hath trembled, the heavens are moved:
the sun and moon are darkened, and the stars have withdrawn their
2:11. And the Lord hath uttered his voice before the face of his army:
for his armies are exceedingly great, for they are strong, and execute
his word: for the day of the Lord is great and very terrible: and who
can stand it?
2:12. Now, therefore, saith the Lord. Be converted to me with all your
heart, in fasting, and in weeping, and mourning.
2:13. And rend your hearts, and not your garments and turn to the Lord
your God: for he is gracious and merciful, patient and rich in mercy,
and ready to repent of the evil.
2:14. Who knoweth but he will return, and forgive, and leave a blessing
behind him, sacrifice and libation to the Lord your God?
2:15. Blow the trumpet in Sion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn
2:16. Gather together the people, sanctify the church, assemble the
ancients, gather together the little ones, and them that suck at the
breasts: let the bridegroom go forth from his bed, and the bride out of
her bridal chamber.
2:17. Between the porch and the altar the priests, the Lord's
ministers, shall weep, and shall say: Spare, O Lord, spare thy people:
and give not thy inheritance to reproach, that the heathens should rule
over them. Why should they say among the nations: Where is their God?
2:18. The Lord hath been zealous for his land, and hath spared his
2:19. And the Lord answered, and said to his people: Behold I will send
you corn, and wine, and oil, and you shall be filled with them: and I
will no more make you a reproach among the nations.
2:20. And I will remove far off from you the northern enemy: and I will
drive him into a land unpassable, and desert, with his face towards the
east sea, and his hinder part towards the utmost sea: and his stench
shall ascend, and his rottenness shall go up, because he hath done
The northern enemy. . .Some understand this of Holofernes and his army:
others, of the locusts.
2:21. Fear not, O land, be glad, and rejoice: for the Lord hath done
2:22. Fear not, ye beasts of the fields: for the beautiful places of
the wilderness are sprung, for the tree hath brought forth its fruit,
the fig tree, and the vine have yielded their strength.
2:23. And you, O children of Sion, rejoice, and be joyful in the Lord
your God: because he hath given you a teacher of justice, and he will
make the early and the latter rain to come down to you as in the
2:24. And the floors shall be filled with wheat, and the presses shall
overflow with wine, and oil.
2:25. And I will restore to you the years which the locust, and the
bruchus, and the mildew, and the palmerworm hath eaten; my great host
which I sent upon you.
2:26. And you shall eat in plenty, and shall be filled and you shall
praise the name of the Lord your God; who hath done wonders with you,
and my people shall not be confounded for ever.
2:27. And you shall know that I am in the midst of Israel: and I am the
Lord your God, and there is none besides: and my people shall not be
2:28. And it shall come to pass after this, that I will pour out my
spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy:
your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions.
2:29. Moreover, upon my servants and handmaids in those days I will
pour forth my spirit.
2:30. And I will shew wonders in heaven; and in earth, blood, and fire,
and vapour of smoke.
2:31. The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood:
before the great and dreadful day of the Lord doth come.
2:32. And it shall come to pass, that every one that shall call upon
the name of the Lord, shall be saved: for in Mount Sion, and in
Jerusalem shall be salvation, as the Lord hath said, and in the residue
whom the Lord shall call.
Joel Chapter 3
3:1. For behold in those days, and in that time when I shall bring back
the captivity of Juda, and Jerusalem:
3:2. I will gather together all nations and will bring them down into
the valley of Josaphat: and I will plead with them there for my people,
and for my inheritance, Israel, whom they have scattered among the
nations, and have parted my land.
3:3. And they have cast lots upon my people: and the boy they have put
in the stews, and the girl they have sold for wine, that they might
3:4. But what have you to do with me, O Tyre, and Sidon, and all the
coast of the Philistines? will you revenge yourselves on me? and if you
revenge yourselves on me, I will very soon return you a recompense upon
your own head.
3:5. For you have taken away my silver, and my gold: and my desirable,
and most beautiful things you have carried into your temples.
3:6. And the children of Juda, and the children of Jerusalem, you have
sold to the children of the Greeks, that you might remove them far off
from their own country.
3:7. Behold, I will raise them up out of the place wherein you have
sold them: and I will return your recompense upon your own heads.
3:8. And I will sell your sons, and your daughters, by the hands of the
children of Juda, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, a nation far
off, for the Lord hath spoken it.
3:9. Proclaim ye this among the nations: Prepare war, raise up the
strong: let them come, let all the men of war come up.
3:10. Cut your ploughshares into swords, and your spades into spears.
Let the weak say: I am strong.
3:11. Break forth, and come, all ye nations from round about, and
gather yourselves together: there will the Lord cause all thy strong
ones to fall down.
3:12. Let them arise, and let the nations come up into the valley of
Josaphat: for there I will sit to judge all nations round about.
3:13. Put ye in the sickles, for the harvest is ripe: come and go down,
for the press is full, the fats run over: for their wickedness is
3:14. Nations, nations in the valley of destruction: for the day of the
Lord is near in the valley of destruction.
3:15. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars have withdrawn
3:16. And the Lord shall roar out of Sion, and utter his voice from
Jerusalem: and the heavens and the earth shall be moved, and the Lord
shall be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of
3:17. And you shall know that I am the Lord your God, dwelling in Sion,
my holy mountain: and Jerusalem shall be holy, and strangers shall pass
through it no more.
3:18. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall
drop down sweetness, aud the hills shall flow with milk: and waters
shall flow through all the rivers of Juda: and a fountain shall come
forth of the house of the Lord, and shall water the torrent of thorns.
A fountain shall come forth of the house of the Lord, etc. . .Viz., the
fountain of grace in the church militant, and of glory in the church
triumphant: which shall water the torrent or valley of thorns, that is,
the souls that before, like barren ground brought forth nothing but
thorns; or that were afflicted with the thorns of crosses and
3:19. Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom a wilderness destroyed:
because they have done unjustly against the children of Juda, and have
shed innocent blood in their land.
3:20. And Judea shall be inhabited for ever, and Jerusalem to
generation and generation.
Judea--and Jerusalem. . .That is, the spiritual Jerusalem, viz., the
church of Christ.
3:21. And I will cleanse their blood, which I had not cleansed: and the
Lord will dwell in Sion.
THE PROPHECY OF AMOS
AMOS prophesied in Israel about the same time as OSEE: and was called
from following the cattle to denounce GOD'S judgments to the people of
Israel, and the neighbouring nations, for their repeated crimes, in
which they continued without repentance.
Amos Chapter 1
The prophet threatens Damascus, Gaza, Tyre, Edom, and Ammon with the
judgments of God, for their obstinacy in sin.
1:1. The words of Amos, who was among the herdsmen of Thecua: which he
saw concerning Israel in the days of Ozias king of Juda, and in the
days of Jeroboam the son of Joas king of Israel two years before the
The earthquake. . .Many understand this of a great earthquake, which
they say was felt at the time that king Ozias attempted to offer
incense in the temple. But the best chronologists prove that the
earthquake here spoken of must have been before that time: because
Jeroboam the second, under whom Amos prophesied, was dead long before
that attempt of Ozias.
1:2. And he said: The Lord will roar from Sion, and utter his voice
from Jerusalem: and the beautiful places of the shepherds have mourned,
and the top of Carmel is withered.
1:3. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Damascus, and for four I
will not convert it: because they have thrashed Galaad with iron wains.
For three crimes--and for four. . .That is, for their many unrepented of
crimes.--Ibid. I will not convert it. . .That is, I will not spare them,
nor turn away the punishments I design to inflict upon them.
1:4. And I will send a fire into the house of Azael, and it shall
devour the houses of Benadad.
1:5. And I will break the bar of Damascus: and I will cut off the
inhabitants from the plain of the idol, and him that holdeth the
sceptre from the house of pleasure: and the people of Syria shall be
carried away to Cyrene, saith the Lord.
1:6. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Gaza, and for four I will
not convert it: because they have carried away a perfect captivity to
shut them up in Edom.
1:7. And I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, and it shall devour
the houses thereof.
1:8. And I will cut off the inhabitant from Azotus, and him that
holdeth the sceptre from Ascalon: and I will turn my hand against
Accaron, and the rest of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord
1:9. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Tyre, and for four I will
not convert it: because they have shut up an entire captivity in Edom,
and have not remembered the covenant of brethren.
1:10. And I will send a fire upon the wall of Tyre, and it shall devour
the houses thereof.
1:11. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Edom, and for four I
will not convert him: because he hath pursued his brother with the
sword, and hath carried on his fury, and hath kept his wrath to the
1:12. I will send a fire into Theman: and it shall devour the houses of
1:13. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of the children of Ammon,
and for four I will not convert him: because he hath ripped up the
women with child of Galaad to enlarge his border.
1:14. And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabba: and it shall
devour the houses thereof with shouting in the day of battle, and with
a whirlwind in the day of trouble.
1:15. And Melchom shall go into captivity, both he, and his princes
together, saith the Lord.
Melchom. . .The god or idol of the Ammonites, otherwise called Moloch,
and Melech: which in Hebrew signifies a king, and Melchom their king.
Amos Chapter 2
The judgments with which God threatens Moab, Juda, and Israel for their
sins, and their ingratitude.
2:1. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Moab, and for four I will
not convert him: because he hath burnt the bones of the king of Edom
even to ashes.
2:2. And I will send a fire into Moab, and it shall devour the houses
of Carioth: and Moab shall die with a noise, with the sound of the
2:3. And I will cut off the judge from the midst thereof, and will slay
all his princes with him, saith the Lord.
2:4. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Juda, and for four I will
not convert him: because he hath cast away the law of the Lord, and
hath not kept his commandments: for their idols have caused them to
err, after which their fathers have walked.
2:5. And I will send a fire into Juda, and it shall devour the houses
2:6. Thus saith the Lord: For three crimes of Israel, and for four I
will not convert him: because he hath sold the just man for silver, and
the poor man for a pair of shoes.
2:7. They bruise the heads of the poor upon the dust of the earth, and
turn aside the way of the humble: and the son and his father have gone
to the same young woman, to profane my holy name.
2:8. And they sat down upon garments laid to pledge by every altar: and
drank the wine of the condemned in the house of their God.
2:9. Yet I cast out the Amorrhite before their face: whose height was
like the height of cedars, and who was strong as an oak: and I
destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots beneath.
2:10. It is I that brought you up out of the land of Egypt, and I led
you forty years through the wilderness, that you might possess the land
of the Amorrhite.
2:11. And I raised up of your sons for prophets, and of your young men
for Nazarites. Is it not so, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord?
2:12. And you will present wine to the Nazarites: and command the
prophets, saying: Prophesy not.
2:13. Behold, I will screak under you as a wain screaketh that is laden
I will screak. . .Unable to bear any longer the enormous load of your
sins, etc. The spirit of God, as St. Jerome takes notice, accommodates
himself to the education of the prophet and inspires him with
comparisons taken from country affairs.
2:14. And flight shall perish from the swift, and the valiant shall not
possess his strength, neither shall the strong save his life.
2:15. And he that holdeth the bow shall not stand, and the swift of
foot shall not escape, neither shall the rider of the horse save his
2:16. And the stout of heart among the valiant shall flee away naked in
that day, saith the Lord.
Amos Chapter 3
The evils that shall fall upon Israel for their sins.
3:1. Hear the word that the Lord hath spoken concerning you, O ye
children of Israel: concerning the whole family that I brought up out
of the land of Egypt, saying:
3:2. You only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore
will I visit upon you all your iniquities.
Visit upon. . .That is, punish.
3:3. Shall two walk together except they be agreed?
3:4. Will a lion roar in the forest, if he have no prey? will the
lion's whelp cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing?
3:5. Will the bird fall into the snare upon the earth, if there be no
fowler? Shall the snare be taken up from the earth, before it hath
3:6. Shall the trumpet sound in a city, and the people not be afraid?
Shall there be evil in a city, which the Lord hath not done?
Evil in a city. . .He speaks of the evil of punishments of war, famine,
pestilence, desolation, etc., but not of the evil of sin, of which God
is not the author.
3:7. For the Lord God doth nothing without revealing his secret to his
servants the prophets.
3:8. The lion shall roar, who will not fear? The Lord God hath spoken,
who shall not prophesy?
3:9. Publish it in the houses of Azotus, and in the houses of the land
of Egypt, and say: Assemble yourselves upon the mountains of Samaria,
and behold the many follies in the midst thereof, and them that suffer
oppression in the inner rooms thereof.
3:10. And they have not known to do the right thing, saith the Lord,
storing up iniquity, and robberies in their houses.
3:11. Therefore thus saith the Lord God: The land shall be in
tribulation, and shall be compassed about: and thy strength shall be
taken away from thee, and thy houses shall be spoiled.
3:12. Thus saith the Lord: As if a shepherd should get out of the
lion's mouth two legs, or the tip of the ear: so shall the children of
Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria, in a place of a bed, and in
the couch of Damascus.
3:13. Hear ye, and testify in the house of Jacob, saith the Lord the
God of hosts:
3:14. That in the day when I shall begin to visit the transgressions of
Israel, I will visit upon him, and upon the altars of Bethel: and the
horns of the altars shall be cut off, and shall fall to the ground.
3:15. And I will strike the winter house with the summer house: and the
houses of ivory shall perish, and many houses shall be destroyed, saith
Amos Chapter 4
The Israelites are reproved for their oppressing the poor, for their
idolatry, and their incorrigibleness.
4:1. Hear this word, ye fat kine that are in the mountains of Samaria:
you that oppress the needy, and crush the poor: that say to your
masters: Bring, and we will drink.
Fat kine. . .He means the great ones that lived in plenty and wealth.
4:2. The Lord God hath sworn by his holiness, that lo, the days shall
come upon you, when they shall lift you up on pikes, and what shall
remain of you in boiling pots.
4:3. And you shall go out at the breaches one over against the other,
and you shall be cast forth into Armon, saith the Lord.
Armon. . .A foreign country; some understand it of Armenia.
4:4. Come ye to Bethel, and do wickedly: to Galgal, and multiply
transgressions: and bring in the morning your victims, your tithes in
4:5. And offer a sacrifice of praise with leaven: and call free
offerings, and proclaim it: for so you would do, O children of Israel,
saith the Lord God.
4:6. Whereupon I also have given you dulness of teeth in all your
cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet you have not returned
to me, saith the Lord.
4:7. I also have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet
three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon on city, and
caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon: and
the piece whereupon I rained not, withered.
4:8. And two and three cities went to one city to drink water, and were
not filled: yet you returned not to me, saith the Lord.
4:9. I struck you with a burning wind, and with mildew, the palmerworm
hath eaten up your many gardens, and your vineyards: your olive groves,
and fig groves: yet you returned not to me, saith the Lord.
4:10. I sent death upon you in the way of Egypt, I slew your young men
with the sword, even to the captivity of your horses: and I made the
stench of your camp to come up into your nostrils: yet you returned not
to me, saith the Lord.
4:11. I destroyed some of you, as God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrha, and
you were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet you returned
not to me, saith the Lord.
4:12. Therefore I will do these things to thee, O Israel: and after I
shall have done these things to thee, be prepared to meet thy God, O
4:13. For behold he that formeth the mountains and createth the wind,
and declareth his word to man, he that maketh the morning mist, and
walketh upon the high places of the earth: the Lord the God of hosts is
Amos Chapter 5
A lamentation for Israel: an exhortation to return to God.
5:1. Hear ye this word, which I take up concerning you for a
lamentation. The house of Israel is fallen, and it shall rise no more.
5:2. The virgin of Israel is cast down upon her land, there is none to
raise her up.
5:3. For thus saith the Lord God: The city, out of which came forth a
thousand, there shall be left in it a hundred: and out of which there
came a hundred, there shall be left in it ten, in the house of Israel.
5:4. For thus saith the Lord to the house of Israel: Seek ye me, and
you shall live.
5:5. But seek not Bethel, and go not into Galgal, neither shall you
pass over to Bersabee: for Galgal shall go into captivity, and Bethel
shall be unprofitable.
Bethel,--Galgal,--Bersabee. . .The places where they worshipped their
5:6. Seek ye the Lord, and live: lest the house of Joseph be burnt with
fire, and it shall devour, and there shall be none to quench Bethel.
5:7. You that turn judgment into wormwood, and forsake justice in the
5:8. Seek him that maketh Arcturus, and Orion, and that turneth
darkness into morning, and that changeth day into night: that calleth
the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth:
The Lord is his name.
Arcturus and Orion. . .Arcturus is a bright star in the north: Orion a
beautiful constellation in the south.
5:9. He that with a smile bringeth destruction upon the strong, and
waste upon the mighty.
With a smile. . .That is, with all ease, and without making any effort.
5:10. They have hated him that rebuketh in the gate: and have abhorred
him that speaketh perfectly.
5:11. Therefore because you robbed the poor, and took the choice prey
from him: you shall build houses with square stone, and shall not dwell
in them: you shall plant most delightful vineyards, and shall not drink
the wine of them.
5:12. Because I know your manifold crimes, and your grievous sins:
enemies of the just, taking bribes, and oppressing the poor in the
5:13. Therefore the prudent shall keep silence at that time, for it is
an evil time.
5:14. Seek ye good, and not evil, that you may live: and the Lord the
God of hosts will be with you, as you have said.
5:15. Hate evil, and love good, and establish judgment in the gate: it
may be the Lord the God of hosts may have mercy on the remnant of
5:16. Therefore thus saith the Lord the God of hosts the sovereign
Lord: In every street there shall be wailing: and in all places that
are without, they shall say: Alas, alas! and they shall call the
husbandman to mourning, and such as are skilful in lamentation to
5:17. And in all vineyards there shall be wailing: because I will pass
through in the midst of thee, saith the Lord.
5:18. Woe to them that desire the day of the Lord: to what end is it
for you? the day of the Lord is darkness, and not light.
5:19. As if a man should flee from the face of a lion, and a bear
should meet him: or enter into the house, and lean with his hand upon
the wall, and a serpent should bite him.
5:20. Shall not the day of the Lord be darkness, and not light: and
obscurity, and no brightness in it?
5:21. I hate, and have rejected your festivities: and I will not
receive the odour of your assemblies.
5:22. And if you offer me holocausts, and your gifts, I will not
receive them: neither will I regard the vows of your fat beasts.
5:23. Take away from me the tumult of thy songs: and I will not hear
the canticles of thy harp.
5:24. But judgment shall be revealed as water, and justice as a mighty
5:25. Did you offer victims and sacrifices to me in the desert for
forty years, O house of Israel?
Did you offer, etc. . .Except the sacrifices that were offered at the
first, in the dedication of the tabernacle, the Israelites offered no
sacrifices in the desert.
5:26.But you carried a tabernacle for your Moloch, and the image of
your idols, the star of your god, which you made to yourselves.
A tabernacle, etc. . .All this alludes to the idolatry which they
committed, when they were drawn away by the daughters of Moab to the
worship of their gods. Num. 25.
5:27. And I will cause you to go into captivity beyond Damascus, saith
the Lord, the God of hosts is his name.
Amos Chapter 6
The desolation of Israel for their pride and luxury.
6:1. Woe to you that are wealthy in Sion, and to you that have
confidence in the mountain of Samaria: ye great men, heads of the
people, that go in with state into the house of Israel.
6:2. Pass ye over to Chalane, and see, and go from thence into Emath
the great: and go down into Geth of the Philistines, and to all the
best kingdoms of these: if their border be larger than your border.
6:3. You that are separated unto the evil day: and that approach to the
throne of iniquity;
6:4. You that sleep upon beds of ivory, and are wanton on your couches:
that eat the lambs out of the flock, and the calves out of the midst of
6:5. You that sing to the sound of the psaltery: they have thought
themselves to have instruments of music like David;
6:6. That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the best
ointments: and they are not concerned for the affliction of Joseph.
6:7. Wherefore now they shall go captive at the head of them that go
into captivity: and the faction of the luxurious ones shall be taken
6:8. The Lord God hath sworn by his own soul, saith the Lord the God of
hosts: I detest the pride of Jacob, and I hate his houses, and I will
deliver up the city with the inhabitants thereof.
6:9. And if there remain ten men in one house, they also shall die.
6:10. And a man's kinsman shall take him up, and shall burn him, that
he may carry the bones out of the house; and he shall say to him that
is in the inner rooms of the house: Is there yet any with thee?
6:11. And he shall answer: There is an end. And he shall say to him:
Hold thy peace, and mention not the name of the Lord.
6:12. For behold the Lord hath commanded, and he will strike the
greater house with breaches, and the lesser house with clefts.
6:13. Can horses run upon the rocks, or can any one plough with
buffles? for you have turned judgment into bitterness, and the fruit of
justice into wormwood.
6:14. You that rejoice in a thing of nought: you that say: Have we not
taken unto us horns by our own strength?
6:15. But behold, I will raise up a nation against you, O house of
Israel, saith the Lord the God of hosts; and they shall destroy you
from the entrance of Emath, even to the torrent of the desert.
Amos Chapter 7
The prophet sees, in three visions, evils coming upon Israel: he is
accused of treason by the false priest of Bethel.
7:1. These things the Lord God shewed to me: and behold the locust was
formed in the beginning of the shooting up of the latter rain, and lo,
it was the latter rain after the king's mowing.
The locust, etc. . .These judgments by locusts and fire, which, by the
prophet's intercession, were moderated, signify the former invasions of
the Assyrians under Phul and Theglathphalasar, before the utter
desolation of Israel by Salmanasar.
7:2. And it came to pass, that when they had made an end of eating the
grass of the land, I said: O Lord God, be merciful, I beseech thee: who
shall raise up Jacob, for he is very little?
7:3. The Lord had pity upon this: It shall not be, said the Lord.
7:4. These things the Lord God shewed to me: and behold the Lord called
for judgment unto fire, and it devoured the great deep, and ate up a
part at the same time.
7:5. And I said: O Lord God, cease, I beseech thee, who shall raise up
Jacob, for he is a little one?
7:6. The Lord had pity upon this. Yea this also shall not be, said the
7:7. These things the Lord shewed to me: and behold the Lord was
standing upon a plastered wall, and in his hand a mason's trowel.
7:8. And the Lord said to me: What seest thou, Amos? And I said: A
mason's trowel. And the Lord said: Behold, I will lay down the trowel
in the midst of my people Israel. I will plaster them over no more.
7:9. And the high places of the idol shall be thrown down, and the
sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste: and I will rise up against
the house of Jeroboam with the sword.
7:10. And Amasias the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel,
saying: Amos hath rebelled against thee in the midst of the house of
Israel: the land is not able to bear all his words.
7:11. For thus saith Amos: Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel
shall be carried away captive out of their own land.
Jeroboam shall die by the sword. . .The prophet did not say this; but
that the Lord would rise up against the house of Jeroboam with the
sword: which was verified, when Zacharias, the son and successor of
Jeroboam, was slain by the sword. 4 Kings 15.10.
7:12. And Amasias said to Amos: Thou seer, go, flee away into the land
of Juda: and eat bread there, and prophesy there.
7:13. But prophesy not again any more in Bethel: because it is the
king's sanctuary, and it is the house of the kingdom.
7:14. And Amos answered and said to Amasias: I am not a prophet, nor am
I the son of a prophet: but I am a herdsman plucking wild figs.
I am not a prophet. . .That is, I am not a prophet by education: nor is
prophesying my calling or profession: but I am a herdsman, whom God was
pleased to send hither to prophesy to Israel.
7:15. And the Lord took me when I followed the flock, and the Lord said
to me: Go, prophesy to my people Israel.
7:16. And now hear thou the word of the Lord: Thou sayest, thou shalt
not prophesy against Israel, and thou shalt not drop thy word upon the
house of the idol.
The house of the idol. . .Viz., of the calf worshipped in Bethel.
7:17. Therefore thus saith the Lord: Thy wife shall play the harlot in
the city, and thy sons and thy daughters shall fall by the sword, and
thy land shall be measured by a line: and thou shalt die in a polluted
land, and Israel shall go into captivity out of their land.
Amos Chapter 8
Under the figure of a hook, which bringeth down the fruit, the
approaching desolation of Israel is foreshewed for their avarice and
8:1. These things the Lord shewed to me: and behold a hook to draw down
8:2. And he said: What seest thou, Amos? And I said: A hook to draw
down fruit. And the Lord said to me: The end is come upon my people
Israel: I will not again pass by them any more.
8:3. And the hinges of the temple shall screak in that day, saith the
Lord God: many shall die: silence shall be cast in every place.
8:4. Hear this, you that crush the poor, and make the needy of the land
8:5. Saying: When will the month be over, and we shall sell our wares:
and the sabbath, and we shall open the corn: that we may lessen the
measure, and increase the sicle, and may convey in deceitful balances,
8:6. That we may possess the needy for money, and the poor for a pair
of shoes, and may sell the refuse of the corn?
8:7. The Lord hath sworn against the pride of Jacob: surely I will
never forget all their works.
8:8. Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that
dwelleth therein: and rise up altogether as a river, and be cast out,
and run down as the river of Egypt?
8:9. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord God, that
the sun shall go down at midday, and I will make the earth dark in the
day of light:
8:10. And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs
into lamentation: and I will bring up sackcloth upon every back of
yours, and baldness upon every head: and I will make it as the mourning
of an only son, and the latter end thereof as a bitter day.
8:11. Behold the days come, saith the Lord, and I will send forth a
famine into the land: not a famine of bread, nor a thirst of water, but
of hearing the word of the Lord.
8:12. And they shall move from sea to sea, and from the north to the
east: they shall go about seeking the word of the Lord, and shall not
8:13. In that day the fair virgins, and the young men shall faint for
8:14. They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say: Thy God, O Dan,
liveth: and the way of Bersabee liveth: and they shall fall, and shall
rise no more.
Amos Chapter 9
The certainty of the desolation of Israel: the restoring of the
tabernacle of David, and the conversion of the Gentiles to the church;
which shall flourish for ever.
9:1. I saw the Lord standing upon the altar, and he said: Strike the
hinges, and let the lintels be shook: for there is covetousness in the
head of them all, and I will slay the last of them with the sword:
there shall be no flight for them: they shall flee, and he that shall
flee of them shall not be delivered.
9:2. Though they go down even to hell, thence shall my hand bring them
out: and though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down.
9:3. And though they be hid in the top of Carmel, I will search and
take them away from thence: and though they hide themselves from my
eyes in the depth of the sea, there will I command the serpent and he
shall bite them.
9:4. And if they go into captivity before their enemies, there will I
command the sword, and it shall kill them. And I will set my eyes upon
them for evil, and not for good.
9:5. And the Lord the God of hosts is he who toucheth the earth, and it
shall melt: and all that dwell therein shall mourn: and it shall rise
up as a river, and shall run down as the river of Egypt.
9:6. He that buildeth his ascension in heaven, and hath founded his
bundle upon the earth: who calleth the waters of the sea, and poureth
them out upon the face of the earth, the Lord is his name.
His ascension. . .That is, his high throne.--Ibid. His bundle. . .That
is, his church bound up together by the bands of one faith and communion.
9:7. Are not you as the children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children
of Israel, saith the Lord? did not I bring up Israel, out of the land
of Egypt: and the Philistines out of Cappadocia, and the Syrians out of
As the children of the Ethiopians. . .That is, as black as they, by your
9:8. Behold the eyes of the Lord God are upon the sinful kingdom, and I
will destroy it from the face of the earth: but yet I will not utterly
destroy the house of Jacob, saith the Lord.
9:9. For behold I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel
among all nations, as corn is sifted in a sieve: and there shall not a
little stone fall to the ground.
9:10. All the sinners of my people shall fall by the sword: who say:
The evils shall not approach, and shall not come upon us.
9:11. In that day I will raise up the tabernacle of David, that is
fallen: and I will close up the breaches of the walls thereof, and
repair what was fallen: and I will rebuild it as in the days of old.
9:12. That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and all nations,
because my name is invoked upon them: saith the Lord that doth these
9:13. Behold the days come, saith the Lord, when the ploughman shall
overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed:
and the mountains shall drop sweetness, and every hill shall be tilled.
Shall overtake, etc. . .By this is meant the great abundance of
spiritual blessings; which, as it were, by a constant succession, shall
enrich the church of Christ.
9:14. And I will bring back the captivity of my people Israel: and they
shall build the abandoned cities, and inhabit them: and they shall
plant vineyards, and drink the wine of them: and shall make gardens,
and eat the fruits of them. And I will plant them upon their own land:
and I will no more pluck them out of their land which I have given
them, saith the Lord thy God.
THE PROPHECY OF ABDIAS
ABDIAS, whose name is interpreted THE SERVANT OF THE LORD, is believed
to have prophesied about the same time as OSEE, JOEL, and AMOS: though
some of the Hebrews, who believe him to be the same with ACHAB's
steward, make him much more ancient. His prophecy is the shortest of
any in number of words, but yields to none, says ST. JEROME, in the
sublimity of mysteries. It contains but one chapter.
Abdias Chapter 1
The destruction of Edom for their pride: and the wrongs they did to
Jacob: the salvation and victory of Israel.
1:1. The vision of Abdias. Thus saith the Lord God to Edom: We have
heard a rumour from the Lord, and he hath sent an ambassador to the
nations: Arise, and let us rise up to battle against him.
1:2. Behold I have made thee small among the nations: thou art
1:3. The pride of thy heart hath lifted thee up, who dwellest in the
clefts of the rocks, and settest up thy throne on high: who sayest in
thy heart: Who shall bring me down to the ground?
1:4. Though thou be exalted as an eagle, and though thou set thy nest
among the stars: thence will I bring thee down, saith the Lord.
1:5. If thieves had gone in to thee, if robbers by night, how wouldst
thou have held thy peace? would they not have stolen till they had
enough? if the grapegatherers had come in to thee, would they not have
left thee at the least a cluster?
1:6. How have they searched Esau, how have they sought out his hidden
1:7. They have sent thee out even to the border: all the men of thy
confederacy have deceived thee: the men of thy peace have prevailed
against thee: they that eat with thee shall lay snares under thee:
there is no wisdom in him.
1:8. Shall not I in that day, saith the Lord, destroy the wise out of
Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau?
1:9. And thy valiant men of the south shall be afraid, that man may be
cut off from the mount of Esau.
1:10. For the slaughter, and for the iniquity against thy brother
Jacob, confusion shall cover thee, and thou shalt perish for ever.
1:11. In the day when thou stoodest against him, when strangers carried
away his army captive, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast
lots upon Jerusalem: thou also wast as one of them.
1:12. But thou shalt not look on in the day of thy brother, in the day
of his leaving his country: and thou shalt not rejoice over the
children of Juda, in the day of their destruction: and thou shalt not
magnify thy mouth in the day of distress.
Thou shalt not look, etc. . .or, thou shouldst not, etc. It is a
reprehension for what they had done, and at the same time a declaration
that these things should not pass unpunished.--Ibid. Thou shalt not
magnify thy mouth. . .That is, thou shalt not speak arrogantly against
the children of Juda as insulting them in their distress.
1:13. Neither shalt thou enter into the gate of my people in the day of
their ruin: neither shalt thou also look on in his evils in the day of
his calamity: and thou shalt not be sent out against his army in the
day of his desolation.
1:14. Neither shalt thou stand in the crossways to kill them that flee:
and thou shalt not shut up them that remain of him in the day of
1:15. For the day of the Lord is at hand upon all nations: as thou hast
done, so shall it be done to thee: he will turn thy reward upon thy own
1:16. For as you have drunk upon my holy mountain, so all nations shall
drink continually: and they shall drink, and sup up, and they shall be
as though they were not.
1:17. And in mount Sion shall be salvation, and it shall be holy, and
the house of Jacob shall possess those that possessed them.
1:18. And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a
flame, and the house of Esau stubble: and they shall be kindled in
them, and shall devour them: and there shall be no remains of the house
of Esau, for the Lord hath spoken it.
1:19. And they that are toward the south, shall inherit the mount of
Esau, and they that are in the plains, the Philistines: and they shall
possess the country of Ephraim, and the country of Samaria: and
Benjamin shall possess Galaad.
1:20. And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel, all the
places of the Chanaanites even to Sarepta: and the captivity of
Jerusalem that is in Bosphorus, shall possess the cities of the south.
1:21. And saviours shall come up into mount Sion to judge the mount of
Esau: and the kingdom shall be for the Lord.
THE PROPHECY OF JONAS
JONAS prophesied in the reign of JEREBOAM the second: as we learn from
4 Kings 14.25. To whom also he foretold his success in restoring all
the borders of Israel. He was of GETH OPHER in the tribe of ZABULON,
and consequently of GALILEE: which confutes that assertion of the
Pharisees, John 7.52, that no prophet ever rose out of GALILEE. He
prophesied and prefigured in his own person the death and resurrection
of CHRIST: and was the only one among the prophets that was sent to
preach to the Gentiles.
Jonas Chapter 1
Jonas being sent to preach in Ninive, fleeth away by sea: a tempest
riseth: of which he being found, by lot, to be the cause, is cast into
the sea, which thereupon is calmed.
1:1. Now the word of the Lord came to Jonas, the son of Amathi, saying:
1:2. Arise and go to Ninive, the great city, and preach in it: For the
wickedness thereof is come up before me.
Nineve. . .The capital city of the Assyrian empire.
1:3. And Jonas rose up to flee into Tharsis from the face of the Lord,
and he went down to Joppe, and found a ship going to Tharsis: and he
paid the fare thereof, and went down into it, to go with them to
Tharsis from the face of the Lord,
Tharsis. . .Which some take to be Tharsus of Cilicia, others to be
Tartessus of Spain, others to be Carthage.
1:4. But the Lord sent a great wind to the sea: and a great tempest was
raised in the sea, and the ship was in danger to be broken.
1:5. And the mariners were afraid, and the men cried to their god: and
they cast forth the wares that were in the ship, into the sea, to
lighten it of them: and Jonas went down into the inner part of the
ship, and fell into a deep sleep.
A deep sleep. . .This is a lively image of the insensibility of sinners,
fleeing from God, and threatened on every side with his judgments: and
yet sleeping as if they were secure.
1:6. And the ship master came to him and said to him: Why art thou fast
asleep? rise up call upon thy God, if so be that God will think of us
that we may not perish.
1:7. And they said every one to his fellow: Come and let us cast lots,
that we may know why this evil is upon us. And they cast lots, and the
lot fell upon Jonas.
1:8. And they said to him: Tell us for what cause this evil is upon us,
what is thy business? of what country art thou? and whither goest thou?
or of what people art thou?
1:9. And he said to them: I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord, and the
God of heaven, who made both the sea and the dry land.
1:10. And the men were greatly afraid, and they said to him: Why hast
thou done this? (For the men knew that he fled from the face of the
Lord: because he had told them.)
1:11. And they said to him: What shall we do with thee, that the sea
may be calm to us? for the sea flowed and swelled.
1:12. And he said to them: take me up, and cast me into the sea, and
the sea shall be calm to you: for I know for my sake this great tempest
is upon you.
1:13. And the men rowed hard to return the land, but they were not
able: because the sea tossed and swelled upon them.
1:14. And they cried to the Lord, and said: We beseech thee, O Lord let
us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood:
for thou, oh Lord, hast done as it pleased thee.
1:15. And they took Jonas, and cast him into the sea, and the sea
ceased from raging.
1:16. And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and sacrificed victims
to the Lord, and made vows.
Jonas Chapter 2
Jonas is swallowed up by a great fish: he prayeth with confidence in
God; and the fish casteth him out on the dry land.
2:1. Now the Lord prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonas: and Jonas
was in the belly of a fish for three days and three nights.
2:2. And Jonas prayed to the Lord, his God, out of the belly of the
2:3. And he said: I cried out of my affliction to the Lord, and he
heard me: I cried out of the belly of hell, and thou hast heard my
2:4. And thou hast cast me forth into the deep, in the heart of the
sea, and a flood hast compassed me: all thy billows, and thy waves have
passed over me.
2:5. And I said: I am cast away out of the sight of thy eyes: but yet I
shall see the holy temple again.
2:6. The waters compassed me about even to the soul: the deep hath
closed me round about, the sea hath covered my head.
2:7. I went down to the lowest parts of the mountains: the bars of the
earth have shut me up for ever: and thou wilt bring up my life from
corruption, O Lord, my God.
2:8. When my soul was in distress within me, I remembered the Lord:
that my prayer may come to thee, unto the holy temple.
2:9. They that in vain observe vanities, forsake their own mercy.
2:10. But I with the voice of praise will sacrifice to thee: I will pay
whatsoever I have vowed for my salvation to the Lord.
2:11. And the Lord spoke to the fish: and it vomited out Jonas upon the
Spoke to the fish. . .God's speaking to the fish, was nothing else but
his will, which all things obey.
Jonas Chapter 3
Jonas is sent again to preach in Ninive. Upon their fasting and
repentance, God recalleth the sentence by which they were to be
3:1. And the word of the Lord came to Jonas the second time saying:
3:2. Arise, and go to Ninive, the great city: and preach in it the
preaching that I bid thee.
3:3. And Jonas arose, and went to Ninive, according to the word of the
Lord: now Ninive was a great city of three days' journey.
Of three days' journey. . .By the computation of some ancient
historians, Ninive was about fifty miles round: so that to go through
all the chief streets and public places was three days' journey.
3:4. And Jonas began to enter into the city one day's journey: and he
cried and said: Yet forty days and Ninive shall be destroyed.
3:5. And the men of Ninive believed in God: and they proclaimed a fast,
and put on sackcloth from the greatest to the least.
3:6. And the word came to the king of Ninive: and he rose up out of his
throne, and cast away his robe from him, and was clothed in sackcloth,
and sat in ashes.
3:7. And he caused it to be proclaimed and published in Ninive, from
the mouth of the king and of his princes, saying: Let neither men nor
beasts, oxen, nor sheep taste anything: let them not feed, nor drink
3:8. And let men and beasts be covered with sackcloth, and cry to the
Lord with all their strength, and let them turn every one from his evil
way, and from the iniquity that is in their hands.
3:9. Who can tell if God will turn, and forgive: and will turn away
from his fierce anger, and we shall not perish?
3:10. And God saw their works, that they were turned from their evil
way: and God had mercy with regard to the evil which he had said that
he would do to them, and he did it not.
Jonas Chapter 4
4:1. And Jonas was exceedingly troubled, and was angry:
Was exceedingly troubled, etc. . .His concern was lest he should pass
for a false prophet; or rather, lest God's word, by this occasion,
might come to be slighted and disbelieved.
4:2. And he prayed to the Lord, and said: I beseech thee, O Lord, is
not this what I said, when I was yet in my own country? therefore I
went before to flee into Tharsis: for I know that thou art a gracious
and merciful God, patient, and of much compassion, and easy to forgive
4:3. And now, O Lord, I beseech thee take my life from me: for it is
better for me to die than to live.
4:4. And the Lord said: Dost thou think thou hast reason to be angry?
4:5. Then Jonas went out of the city, and sat toward the east side of
the city: and he made himself a booth there, and he sat under it in the
shadow, till he might see what would befall the city.
4:6. And the Lord God prepared an ivy, and it came up over the head of
Jonas, to be a shadow over his head, and to cover him (for he was
fatigued): and Jonas was exceeding glad of the ivy.
The Lord God prepared an ivy. . .Hederam. In the Hebrew it is Kikajon,
which some render a gourd: others a palmerist, or palma Christi.
4:7. But God prepared a worm, when the morning arose on the following
day: and it struck the ivy and it withered.
4:8. And when the sun was risen, the Lord commanded a hot and burning
wind: and the sun beat upon the head of Jonas, and he broiled with the
heat: and he desired for his soul that he might die, and said: It is
better for me to die than to live.
4:9. And the Lord said to Jonas: Dost thou think thou hast reason to be
angry, for the ivy? And he said: I am angry with reason even unto
4:10. And the Lord said: Thou art grieved for the ivy, for which thou
hast not laboured, nor made it to grow, which in one night came up, and
in one night perished.
4:11. And shall I not spare Ninive, that great city, in which there are
more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons, that know how to
distinguish between their right hand and their left, and many beasts?
THE PROPHECY OF MICHEAS
MICHEAS, of Morasti, a little town in the tribe of JUDA, was
contemporary with the prophet ISAIAS: whom he resembles both in his
spirit and his style. He is different from the prophet MICHEAS
mentioned in the third book of Kings, chap. 22. For that MICHEAS lived
in the days of king ACHAB, one hundred and fifty years before the time
of EZECHIAS, under whom this MICHEAS prophesied.
Micheas Chapter 1
Samaria for her sins shall be destroyed by the Assyrians; they shall
also invade Juda and Jerusalem.
1:1. The word of the Lord, that came to Micheas, the Morasthite, in the
days of Joathan, Achaz, and Ezechias, kings of Juda: which he saw
concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
1:2. Hear, all ye people: and let the earth give ear, and all that is
therein: and let the Lord God be a witness to you, the Lord from his
1:3. For behold the Lord will come forth out of his place: and he will
come down, and will tread upon the high places of the earth.
1:4. And the mountains shall be melted under him: and the valleys shall
be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as waters that run down a steep
1:5. For the wickedness of Jacob is all this, and for the sins of the
house of Israel. What is the wickedness of Jacob? is it not Samaria?
and what are the high places of Juda? are they not Jerusalem?
1:6. And I will make Samaria as a heap of stones in the field when a
vineyard is planted: and I will bring down the stones thereof into the
valley, and will lay her foundations bare.
1:7. And all her graven things shall be cut in pieces, and all her
wages shall be burnt with fire, and I will bring to destruction all her
idols: for they were gathered together of the hire of a harlot, and
unto the hire of a harlot they shall return.
Her wages. . .That is, her donaries or presents offered to her idols: or
the hire of all her traffic and labour.--Ibid. Of the hire of a harlot,
etc. . .They were gathered together by one idolatrous city, viz.,
Samaria: and they shall be carried away to another idolatrous city,
1:8. Therefore will I lament, and howl: I will go stript and naked: I
will make a wailing like the dragons, and a mourning like the
1:9. Because her wound is desperate, because it is come even to Juda,
it hath touched the gate of my people, even to Jerusalem.
It hath touched the gate, etc. . .That is, the destruction of Samaria
shall be followed by the invasion of my people of Juda, and the
Assyrians shall come and lay all waste even to the confines of
1:10. Declare ye it not in Geth, weep ye not with tears: in the house
of Dust sprinkle yourselves with dust.
Declare ye it not in Geth. . .Viz., amongst the Philistines, lest they
rejoice at your calamity.--Ibid. Weep ye not, etc. . .Keep in your
tears, that you may not give your enemies an occasion of insulting over
you; but in your own houses, or in your house of dust, your earthly
habitation, sprinkle yourselves with dust, and put on the habit of
penitents. Some take the house of dust (in Hebrew, Aphrah) to be the
proper name of a city.
1:11. And pass away, O thou that dwellest in the beautiful place,
covered with thy shame: she went not forth that dwelleth in the
confines: the house adjoining shall receive mourning from you, which
stood by herself.
Thou that dwellest in the Beautiful place, viz., in Samaria. In the
Hebrew the Beautiful place is expressed by the word Sapir, which some
take for the proper name of a city.--Ibid. She went not forth,
etc. . .that is, they that dwelt in the confines came not forth, but kept
themselves within, for fear.--Ibid. The house adjoining, etc. . .Viz.,
Judea and Jerusalem, neighbours to Samaria, and partners in her sins,
shall share also in her mourning and calamity; though they have
pretended to stand by themselves, trusting in their strength.
1:12. For she is become weak unto good that dwelleth in bitterness: for
evil is come down from the Lord into the gate of Jerusalem.
She is become weak, etc. . .Jerusalem is become weak unto any good;
because she dwells in the bitterness of sin.
1:13. A tumult of chariots hath astonished the inhabitants of Lachis:
it is the beginning of sin to the daughter of Sion for in thee were
found the crimes of Israel.
It is the beginning, etc. . .That is, Lachis was the first city of Juda
that learned from Samaria the worship of idols, and communicated it to
1:14. Therefore shall she send messengers to the inheritance of Geth:
the houses of lying to deceive the kings of Israel.
Therefore shall she send, etc. . .Lachis shall send to Geth for help:
but in vain: for Geth, instead of helping, shall be found to be a house
of lying and deceit to Israel.
1:15. Yet will I bring an heir to thee that dwellest in Maresa: even to
Odollam shall the glory of Israel come.
An heir, etc. . .Maresa (which was the name of a city of Juda) signifies
inheritance: but here God by his prophet tells the Jews, that he will
bring them an heir to take possession of their inheritance: and that
the glory of Israel shall be obliged to give place, and to retire even
to Odollam, a city in the extremity of their dominions. And therefore
he exhorts them to penance in the following verse.
1:16. Make thee bald, and be polled for thy delicate children: enlarge
thy baldness as the eagle: for they are carried into captivity from
Micheas Chapter 2
The Israelites by their crying injustices provoke God to punish them.
He shall at last restore Jacob.
2:1. Woe to you that devise that which is unprofitable, and work evil
in your beds: in the morning light they execute it, because their hand
is against God.
2:2. And they have coveted fields, and taken them by violence, and
houses they have forcibly taken away: and oppressed a man and his
house, a man and his inheritance.
2:3. Therefore thus saith the Lord: Behold I devise an evil against
this family: from which you shall not withdraw your necks, and you
shall not walk haughtily, for this is a very evil time.
2:4. In that day a parable shall be taken up upon you, and a song shall
be sung with melody by them that say: We are laid waste and spoiled:
the portion of my people is changed: how shall he depart from me,
whereas he is returning that will divide our land?
How shall he depart, etc. . .How do you pretend to say that the Assyrian
is departing; when indeed he is coming to divide our lands amongst his
2:5. Therefore thou shalt have none that shall cast the cord of a lot
in the assembly of the Lord.
Thou shalt have none, etc. . .Thou shalt have no longer any lot or
inheritance in the land of the people of the Lord.
2:6. Speak ye not, saying: It shall not drop upon these, confusion
shall not take them.
It shall not drop, etc. . .That is, the prophecy shall not come upon
these. Such were the sentiments of the people that were unwilling to
believe the threats of the prophets.
2:7. The house of Jacob saith: Is the Spirit of the Lord straitened or
are these his thoughts? Are not my words good to him that walketh
2:8. But my people, on the contrary, are risen up as an enemy: you have
taken away the cloak off from the coat: and them that passed harmless
you have turned to war.
You have taken away, etc. . .You have even stripped people of their
necessary garments: and have treated such as were innocently passing on
the way, as if they were at war with you.
2:9. You have cast out the women of my people from their houses, in
which they took delight: you have taken my praise forever from their
You have cast out, etc. . .either by depriving them of their houses: or,
by your crimes, given occasion to their being carried away captives,
and their children, by that means, never learning to praise the Lord.
2:10. Arise ye, and depart, for there is no rest here for you. For that
uncleanness of the land, it shall be corrupted with a grievous
2:11. Would God I were not a man that hath the spirit, and that I
rather spoke a lie: I will let drop to thee of wine, and of
drunkenness: and it shall be this people upon whom it shall drop.
Would God, etc. . .The prophet could have wished, out of his love to his
people, that he might be deceived in denouncing to them these evils
that were to fall upon them: but by conforming himself to the will of
God, he declares to them, that he is sent to prophesy, literally to let
drop upon them, the wine of God's indignation, with which they should
be made drunk; that is, stupified and cast down.
2:12. I will assemble and gather together all of thee, O Jacob: I will
bring together the remnant of Israel, I will put them together as a
flock in the fold, as sheep in the midst of the sheepcotes, they shall
make a tumult by reason of the multitude of men.
2:13. For he shall go up that shall open the way before them: they
shall divide and pass through the gate, and shall come in by it: and
their king shall pass before them, and the Lord at the head of them.
Micheas Chapter 3
For the sins of the rich oppressing the poor, of false prophets
flattering for lucre, and of judges perverting justice, Jerusalem and
the temple shall be destroyed.
3:1. And I said: Hear, O ye princes of Jacob, and ye chiefs of the
house of Israel: Is it not your part to know judgment,
3:2. You that hate good, and love evil: that violently pluck off their
skins from them and their flesh from their bones?
3:3. Who have eaten the flesh of my people, and have flayed their skin
off them: and have broken, and chopped their bones as for the kettle,
and as flesh in the midst of the pot.
3:4. Then shall they cry to the Lord, and he will not hear them: and he
will hide his face from them at that time, as they have behaved
wickedly in their devices.
3:5. Thus saith the Lord concerning the prophets that make my people
err: that bite with their teeth, and preach peace: and if a man give
not something into their mouth, they prepare war against him.
3:6. Therefore night shall be to you instead of vision, and darkness to
you instead of divination: and the sun shall go down upon the prophets,
and the day shall be darkened over them.
3:7. And they shall be confounded that see visions, and the diviners
shall be confounded: and they shall all cover their faces, because
there is no answer of God.
3:8. But yet I am filled with the strength of the spirit of the Lord,
with judgment and power: to declare unto Jacob his wickedness and to
Israel his sin.
3:9. Hear this, ye princes of the house of Jacob, and ye judges of the
house of Israel: you that abhor judgment and pervert all that is right.
3:10. You that build up Sion with blood, and Jerusalem with iniquity.
3:11. Her princes have judged for bribes: and her priests have taught
for hire, and her prophets divined for money: and they leaned upon the
Lord, saying: Is not the Lord in the midst of us? no evil shall come
3:12. Therefore because of you, Sion shall be ploughed as a field, and
Jerusalem shall be as a heap of stones, and the mountain of the temple
as the high places of the forests.
Micheas Chapter 4
The glory of the church of Christ, by the conversion of the Gentiles.
The Jews shall be carried captives to Babylon, and be delivered again.
4:1. And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of
the house of the Lord shall be prepared in the top of the mountains,
and high above the hills: and people shall flow to it.
4:2. And many nations shall come in haste, and say: Come, let us go up
to the mountain of the Lord, and to the house of the God of Jacob: and
he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the
law shall go forth out of Sion, and the word of the Lord out of
4:3. And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations
afar off: and they shall beat their swords into ploughshares, and their
spears into spades: nation shall not take sword against nation: neither
shall they learn war anymore.
Neither shall they learn, etc. . .The law of Christ is a law of peace;
and all his true subjects, as much as lies in them love and keep peace
with all the world.
4:4. And every man shall sit under his vine, and under his fig tree,
and there shall be none to make them afraid, for the mouth of the Lord
of hosts hath spoken.
4:5. For all people will walk every one in the name of his god: but we
will walk in the name of the Lord, our God, for ever and ever.
4:6. In that day, saith the Lord, I will gather up her that halteth:
and her that I had cast out, I will gather up: and her whom I had
4:7. And I will make her that halted, a remnant: and her that had been
afflicted, a mighty nation: and the Lord will reign over them in Mount
Sion, from this time now and forever.
4:8. And thou, O cloudy tower of the flock, of the daughter of Sion,
unto thee shall it come: yea the first power shall come, the kingdom to
the daughter of Jerusalem.
4:9. Now, why art thou drawn together with grief? Hast thou no king in
thee, or is thy counselor perished, because sorrow hath taken thee as a
woman in labour.
4:10. Be in pain and labour, O daughter of Sion, as a woman that
bringeth forth: for now shalt thou go out of the city, and shalt dwell
in the country, and shalt come even to Babylon, there thou shalt be
delivered: there the Lord will redeem thee out of the hand of thy
4:11. And now many nations are gathered together against thee, and they
say: Let her be stoned: and let our eye look upon Sion.
4:12. But they have not known the thoughts of the Lord, and have not
understood his counsel: because he hath gathered them together as the
hay of the floor.
4:13. Arise, and tread, O daughter of Sion: for I will make thy horn
iron, and thy hoofs I will make brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces
many peoples, and shalt immolate the spoils of them to the Lord, and
their strength to the Lord of the whole earth.
Micheas Chapter 5
The birth of Christ in Bethlehem: his reign and spiritual conquests.
5:1. Now shalt thou be laid waste, O daughter of the robber: they have
laid siege against us, with a rod shall they strike the cheek of the
judge of Israel.
Daughter of the robber. . .Some understand this of Babylon; which robbed
and pillaged the temple of God: others understand it of Jerusalem; by
reason of the many rapines and oppressions committed there.
5:2. And thou Bethlehem Ephrata, art a little one among the thousands
of Juda, out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be the
ruler in Israel: and his going forth is from the beginning, from the
days of eternity.
His going forth, etc. . .That is, he who as man shall be born in thee,
as God was born of his Father from all eternity.
5:3. Therefore will he give them up even till the time wherein she that
travaileth shall bring forth: and the remnant of his brethren shall be
converted to the children of Israel.
5:4. And he shall stand, and feed in the strength of the Lord, in the
height of the name of the Lord, his God: and they shall be converted,
for now shall he be magnified even to the ends of the earth.
5:5. And this man shall be our peace, when the Assyrian shall come into
our land, and when he shall set his foot in our houses: and we shall
raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
The Assyrian. . .That is, the persecutors of the church: who are here
called Assyrians by the prophet: because the Assyrians were at that
time the chief enemies and persecutors of the people of God.--Ibid.
Seven shepherds, etc. . .Viz., the pastors of God's church, and the
defenders of the faith. The number seven in scripture is taken to
signify many: and when eight is joined with it, we are to understand
that the number will be very great.
5:6. And they shall feed the land of Assyria with the sword, and the
land of Nemrod with the spears thereof: and he shall deliver us from
the Assyrian when he shall come into our land, and when he shall tread
in our borders.
They shall feed, etc. . .They shall make spiritual conquests in the
lands of their persecutors, with the word of the spirit, which is the
word of God. Eph. 6.17.
5:7. And the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many peoples, as
a dew from the Lord, and as drops upon the grass, which waiteth not for
man, nor tarrieth for the children of men.
The remnant of Jacob. . .Viz., the apostles, and the first preachers of
the Jewish nation; whose doctrine, like dew, shall make the plants of
the converted Gentiles grow up, without waiting for any man to
cultivate them by human learning.
5:8. And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles, in the midst
of many peoples, as a lion among the beasts of the forests, and as a
young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, when he shall go through,
and tread down, and take there is none to deliver.
As a lion, etc. . .This denotes the fortitude of these first preachers;
and their success in their spiritual enterprises.
5:9. Thy hand shall be lifted up over thy enemies, and all thy enemies
shall be cut off.
5:10. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord, that I
will take away thy horses out of the midst of thee, and will destroy
I will take away thy horses, etc. . .Some understand this, and all that
follows to the end of the chapter, as addressed to the enemies of the
church. But it may as well be understood of the converts to the church:
who should no longer put their trust in any of these things.
5:11. And I will destroy the cities of thy land, and will throw down
all thy strong holds, and I will take away sorceries out of thy hand,
and there shall be no divinations in thee.
5:12. And I will destroy thy graven things, and thy statues, out of the
midst of thee: and thou shalt no more adore the works of thy hands.
5:13. And I will pluck up thy groves out of the midst of thee: and will
crush thy cities.
5:14. And I will execute vengeance in wrath, and in indignation, among
all the nations that have not given ear.
Micheas Chapter 6
God expostulates with the Jews for their ingratitude and sins: for
which they shall be punished.
6:1. Hear ye what the Lord saith: Arise, contend thou in judgment
against the mountains, and let the hills hear thy voice.
The mountains, etc. . .That is, the great ones, the princes of the
6:2. Let the mountains hear the judgment of the Lord, and the strong
foundations of the earth: for the Lord will enter into judgment with
his people, and he will plead against Israel.
6:3. O my people, what have I done to thee, or in what have I molested
thee? answer thou me.
6:4. For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and delivered thee
out of the house of slaves: and I sent before thy face Moses, and
Aaron, and Mary.
6:5. O my people, remember, I pray thee, what Balach, the king of Moab,
purposed: and what Balaam, the son of Beor, answered him, from Setim to
Galgal, that thou mightest know the justice of the Lord.
From Setim to Galgal. . .He puts them in mind of the favour he did them,
in not suffering them to be quite destroyed by the evil purpose of
Balach, and the wicked counsel of Balaam: and then gives them a hint of
the wonders he wrought, in order to bring them into the land of
Promise, by stopping the course of the Jordan, in their march from
Setim to Galgal.
6:6. What shall I offer to the Lord that is worthy? wherewith shall I
kneel before the high God? shall I offer holocausts unto him, and
calves of a year old?
What shall I offer, etc. . .This is spoken in the person of the people,
desiring to be informed what they are to do to please God.
6:7. May the Lord be appeased with thousands of rams, or with many
thousands of fat he goats? shall I give my firstborn for my wickedness,
the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?
6:8. I will shew thee, O man, what is good, and what the Lord requireth
of thee: Verily to do judgment, and to love mercy, and to walk
solicitous with thy God.
6:9. The voice of the Lord crieth to the city, and salvation shall be
to them that fear thy name: hear O ye tribes, and who shall approve it?
6:10. As yet there is a fire in the house of the wicked, the treasures
of iniquity, and a scant measure full of wrath.
Full of wrath, etc. . .That is, highly provoking in the sight of God.
6:11. Shall I justify wicked balances, and the deceitful weights of the
6:12. By which her rich men were filled with iniquity, and the
inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue was deceitful in
6:13. And I therefore began to strike thee with desolation for thy
6:14. Thou shalt eat, but shalt not be filled: and thy humiliation
shall be in the midst of thee: and thou shalt take hold, but shalt not
save: and those whom thou shalt save, I will give up to the sword.
6:15. Thou shalt sow, but shalt not reap: thou shalt tread the olives,
but shalt not be anointed with oil: and the new wine, but shalt not
drink the wine.
6:16. For thou hast kept the statutes of Amri, and all the works of the
house of Achab: and thou hast walked according their wills, that I
should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof a hissing,
and you shall bear the reproach of my people.
The statutes of Amri, etc. . .The wicked ways of Amri and Achab,
Micheas Chapter 7
The prophet laments, that notwithstanding all his preaching, the
generality are still corrupt in their manners: therefore their
desolation is at hand: but they shall be restored again and prosper;
and all mankind shall be redeemed by Christ.
7:1. Woe is me, for I am become as one that gleaneth in autumn the
grapes of the vintage: there is no cluster to eat, my soul desired the
first ripe figs.