Part 50 out of 74
42:15. Now when he had made an end of measuring the inner house, he
brought me out by the way of the gate that looked toward the east: and
he measured it on every side round about.
42:16. And he measured toward the east with the measuring reed, five
hundred reeds with the measuring reed round about.
42:17. And he measured toward the north five hundred reeds with the
measuring reed round about.
42:18. And towards the south he measured five hundred reeds with the
measuring reed round about.
42:19. And toward the west he measured five hundred reeds, with the
42:20. By the four winds he measured the wall thereof on every side
round about, five hundred cubits and five hundred cubits broad, making
a separation between the sanctuary and the place of the people.
Ezechiel Chapter 43
The glory of God returns to the new temple. The Israelites shall no
more profane God's name by idolatry: the prophet is commanded to shew
them the dimensions, and form of the temple, and of the altar, with the
sacrifices to be offered thereon.
43:1. And he brought me to the gate that looked towards the east.
43:2. And behold the glory of the God of Israel came in by the way of
the east: and his voice was like the noise of many waters, and the
earth shone with his majesty.
43:3. And I saw the vision according to the appearance which I had seen
when he came to destroy the city: and the appearance was according to
the vision which I had seen by the river Chobar: and I fell upon my
43:4. And the majesty of the Lord went into the temple by the way of
the gate that looked to the east.
43:5. And the spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court:
and behold the house was filled with the glory of the Lord.
43:6. And I heard one speaking to me out of the house, and the man that
stood by me,
43:7. Said to me: Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of
the soles of my feet, where I dwell in the midst of the children of
Israel for ever: and the house of Israel shall no more profane my holy
name, they and their kings by their fornications, and by the carcasses
of their kings, and by the high places.
43:8. They who have set their threshold by my threshold, and their
posts by my posts: and there was but a wall between me, and them: and
they profaned my holy name by the abominations which they committed:
for which reason I consumed them in my wrath.
43:9. Now therefore let them put away their fornications, and the
carcasses of their kings far from me: and I will dwell in the midst of
them for ever.
43:10. But thou, son of man, shew to the house of Israel the temple,
and let them be ashamed of their iniquities, and let them measure the
43:11. And be ashamed of all that they have done. Shew them the form of
the house, and of the fashion thereof, the goings out and the comings
in, and the whole plan thereof, and all its ordinances, and all its
order, and all its laws, and thou shalt write it in their sight: that
they may keep the whole form thereof, and its ordinances, and do them.
43:12. This is the law of the house upon the top of the mountain: All
its border round about; most holy: this then is the law of the house.
43:13. And these are the measures of the altar by the truest cubit,
which is a cubit and a handbreadth: the bottom thereof was a cubit, and
the breadth a cubit: and the border thereof unto its edge, and round
about, one handbreadth: and this was the trench of the altar.
43:14. And from the bottom of the ground to the lowest brim two cubits,
and the breadth of one cubit: and from the lesser brim to the greater
brim four cubits, and the breadth of one cubit.
43:15. And the Ariel itself was four cubits: and from the Ariel upward
were four horns.
The Ariel. . .That is, the altar itself, or rather the highest part of
it, upon which the burnt offerings were laid. In the Hebrew it is
Harel, that is, the mountain of God: but in the following verse
Haariel, that is, the lion of God; a figure, from its consuming, and as
it were devouring the sacrifices, as a lion devours its prey.
43:16. And the Ariel was twelve cubits long, and twelve cubits broad,
foursquare, with equal sides.
43:17. And the brim was fourteen cubits long, and fourteen cubits broad
in the four corners thereof: and the crown round about it was half a
cubit, and the bottom of it one cubit round about: and its steps turned
toward the east.
43:18. And he said to me: Son of man, thus saith the Lord God: These
are the ceremonies of the altar, in what day soever it shall be made:
that holocausts may be offered upon it, and blood poured out.
43:19. And thou shalt give to the priests, and the Levites, that are of
the race of Sadoc, who approach to me, saith the Lord God, to offer to
me a calf of the herd for sin.
43:20. And thou shalt take of his blood, and shalt put it upon the four
horns thereof, and upon the four corners of the brim, and upon the
crown round about: and thou shalt cleanse, and expiate it.
43:21. And thou shalt take the calf, that is offered for sin: and thou
shalt burn him in a separate place of the house without the sanctuary.
43:22. And in the second day thou shalt offer a he goat without blemish
for sin: and they shall expiate the altar, as they expiated it with the
43:23. And when thou shalt have made an end of the expiation thereof,
thou shalt offer a calf of the herd without blemish, and a ram of the
flock without blemish.
43:24. And thou shalt offer them in the sight of the Lord, and the
priests shall put salt upon them, and shall offer them a holocaust to
43:25. Seven days shalt thou offer a he goat for sin daily: they shall
offer also a calf of the herd, and a ram of the flock without blemish.
43:26. Seven days shall they expiate the altar, and shall cleanse it:
and they shall consecrate it.
Consecrate it. . .Literally, fill its hand, that is, dedicate and apply
it to holy service.
43:27. And the days being expired, on the eighth day and thenceforward,
the priests shall offer your holocausts upon the altar, and the peace
offerings: and I will be pacified towards you, saith the Lord God.
Ezechiel Chapter 44
The east gate of the sanctuary shall be always shut. The uncircumcised
shall not enter into the sanctuary: nor the Levites that have served
idols: but the sons of Sadoc shall do the priestly functions, who stood
firm in the worst of times.
44:1. And he brought me back to the way of the gate of the outward
sanctuary, which looked towards the east: and it was shut.
44:2. And the Lord said to me: This gate shall be shut, it shall not be
opened, and no man shall pass through it: because the Lord the God of
Israel hath entered in by it, and it shall be shut
44:3. For the prince. The prince himself shall sit in it, to eat bread
before the Lord: he shall enter in by the way of the porch of the gate,
and shall go out by the same way.
44:4. And he brought me by the way of the north gate, in the sight of
the house: and I saw, and behold the glory of the Lord filled the house
of the Lord: and I fell on my face.
44:5. And the Lord said to me: Son of man, attend with thy heart and
behold with thy eyes, and hear with thy ears, all that I say to thee
concerning all the ceremonies of the house of the Lord, and concerning
all the laws thereof: and mark well the ways of the temple, with all
the goings out of the sanctuary.
44:6. And thou shalt say to the house of Israel that provoketh me: Thus
saith the Lord God: Let all your wicked doings suffice you, O house of
44:7. In that you have brought in strangers uncircumcised in heart, and
uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary, and to defile my house:
and you offer my bread, the fat, and the blood: and you have broken my
covenant by all your wicked doings.
44:8. And you have not kept the ordinances of my sanctuary: but you
have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves.
44:9. Thus saith the Lord God: No stranger uncircumcised in heart, and
uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into my sanctuary, no stranger that
is in the midst of the children of Israel.
44:10. Moreover the Levites that went away far from me, when the
children of Israel went astray, and have wandered from me after their
idols, and have borne their iniquity:
44:11. They shall be officers in my sanctuary, and doorkeepers of the
gates of the house, and ministers to the house: they shall slay the
holocausts, and the victims of the people: and they shall stand in
their sight, to minister to them.
44:12. Because they ministered to them before their idols, and were a
stumblingblock of iniquity to the house of Israel: therefore have I
lifted up my hand against them, saith the Lord God, and they shall bear
44:13. And they shall not come near to me, to do the office of priest
to me, neither shall they come near to any of my holy things that are
by the holy of holies: but they shall bear their shame, and their
wickednesses which they have committed.
44:14. And I will make them doorkeepers of the house, for all the
service thereof, and for all that shall be done therein.
44:15. But the priests, and Levites, the sons of Sadoc, who kept the
ceremonies of my sanctuary, when the children of Israel went astray
from me, they shall come near to me, to minister to me: and they shall
stand before me, to offer me the fat, and the blood, saith the Lord
44:16. They shall enter into my sanctuary, and they shall come near to
my table, to minister unto me, and to keep my ceremonies.
44:17. And when they shall enter in at the gates of the inner court,
they shall be clothed with linen garments: neither shall any woollen
come upon them, when they minister in the gates of the inner court and
44:18. They shall have linen mitres on their heads, and linen breeches
on their loins, and they shall not be girded with any thing that
44:19. And when they shall go forth to the outward court to the people,
they shall put off their garments wherein they ministered, and lay them
up in the store chamber of the sanctuary, and they shall clothe
themselves with other garments: and they shall not sanctify the people
with their vestments.
Shall not sanctify the people with their vestments. . .By exposing them
to the danger of touching the sacred vestments, which none were to
touch but they that were sanctified.
44:20. Neither shall they shave their heads, nor wear long hair: but
they shall only poll their heads.
44:21. And no priest shall drink wine when he is to go into the inner
44:22. Neither shall they take to wife a widow, nor one that is
divorced, but they shall take virgins of the seed of the house of
Israel: but they may take a widow also, that is, the widow of a priest.
44:23. And they shall teach my people the difference between holy and
profane, and shew them how to discern between clean and unclean.
44:24. And when there shall be a controversy, they shall stand in my
judgments, and shall judge: they shall keep my laws, and my ordinances
in all my solemnities, and sanctify my sabbaths.
44:25. And they shall come near no dead person, lest they be defiled,
only their father and mother, and son and daughter, and brother and
sister, that hath not had another husband: for whom they may become
44:26. And after one is cleansed, they shall reckon unto him seven
44:27. And in the day that he goeth into the sanctuary, to the inner
court, to minister unto me in the sanctuary, he shall offer for his
sin, saith the Lord God.
44:28. And they shall have no inheritance, I am their inheritance:
neither shall you give them any possession in Israel, for I am their
44:29. They shall eat the victim both for sin and for trespass: and
every vowed thing in Israel shall be theirs.
30. And the firstfruits of all the firstborn, and all the libations of
all things that are offered, shall be the priest's: and you shall give
the firstfruits of your meats to the priest, that he may return a
blessing upon thy house.
44:31. The priests shall not eat of any thing that is dead of itself or
caught by a beast, whether it be fowl or cattle.
Ezechiel Chapter 45
Portions of land for the sanctuary, for the city, and for the prince.
Ordinances for the prince.
45:1. And when you shall begin to divide the land by lot, separate ye
firstfruits to the Lord, a portion of the land to be holy, in length
twenty-five thousand and in breadth ten thousand: it shall be holy in
all the borders thereof round about.
Twenty-five thousand. . .Viz., reeds or cubits.
45:2. And there shall be for the sanctuary on every side five hundred
by five hundred, foursquare round about: and fifty cubits for the
suburbs thereof round about.
45:3. And with this measure thou shalt measure the length of five and
twenty thousand, and the breadth of ten thousand, and in it shall be
the temple and the holy of holies.
45:4. The holy portion of the land shall be for the priests the
ministers of the sanctuary, who come near to the ministry of the Lord:
and it shall be a place for their houses, and for the holy place of the
45:5. And five and twenty thousand of length, and ten thousand of
breadth shall be for the Levites, that minister in the house: they
shall possess twenty store chambers.
45:6. And you shall appoint the possession of the city five thousand
broad, and five and twenty thousand long, according to the separation
of the sanctuary, for the whole house of Israel.
45:7. For the prince also on the one side and on the other side,
according to the separation of the sanctuary, and according to the
possession of the city, over against the separation of the sanctuary,
and over against the possession of the city: from the side of the sea
even to the sea, and from the side of the east even to the east. And
the length according to every part from the west border to the east
45:8. He shall have a portion of the land in Israel: and the princes
shall no more rob my people: but they shall give the land to the house
of Israel according to their tribes:
45:9. Thus saith the Lord God: Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel:
cease from iniquity and robberies, and execute judgment and justice,
separate your confines from my people, saith the Lord God.
45:10. You shall have just balances, and a just ephi, and a just bate.
45:11. The ephi and the bate shall be equal, and of one measure: that
the bate may contain the tenth part of a core, and the ephi the tenth
part of a core: their weight shall be equal according to the measure of
The ephi and the bate. . .These measures were of equal capacity, but the
bate served for liquids, and the ephi for dry things.
45:12. And the sicle hath twenty obols. Now twenty sicles, and five and
twenty sicles, and fifteen sicles, make a mna,
45:13. And these are the firstfruits, which you shall take: the sixth
part of an ephi of a core of wheat, and the sixth part of an ephi of a
core of barley.
45:14. The measure of oil also, a bate of oil is the tenth part of a
core: and ten bates make a core: for ten bates fill a core.
45:15. And one ram out of a flock of two hundred, of those that Israel
feedeth for sacrifice, and for holocausts, and for peace offerings, to
make atonement for them, saith the Lord God.
45:16. All the people of the land shall be bound to these firstfruits
for the prince in Israel.
45:17. And the prince shall give the holocaust, and the sacrifice, and
the libations on the feasts, and on the new moons, and on the sabbaths,
and on all the solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall offer the
sacrifice for sin, and the holocaust, and the peace offerings to make
expiation for the house of Israel.
45:18. Thus saith the Lord God: In the first month, the first of the
month, thou shalt take a calf of the herd without blemish, and thou
shalt expiate the sanctuary.
45:19. And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering: and
he shall put it on the posts of the house, and on the four corners of
the brim of the altar, and oil the posts of the gate of the inner
45:20. And so shalt thou do in the seventh day of the month, for every
one that hath been ignorant, and hath been deceived by error, and thou
shalt make expiation for the house.
45:21. In the first month, the fourteenth day of the month, you shall
observe the solemnity of the pasch: seven days unleavened bread shall
45:22. And the prince on that day shall offer for himself, and for all
the people of the land, a calf for sin.
45:23. And in the solemnity of the seven days he shall offer for a
holocaust to the Lord, seven calves, and seven rams without blemish
daily for seven days: and for sin a he goat daily.
45:24. And he shall offer the sacrifice of an ephi for every calf, and
an ephi for every ram: and a hin of oil for every ephi.
45:25. In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day of the month, in the
solemn feast, he shall do the like for the seven days: as well in
regard to the sin offering, as to the holocaust, and the sacrifice, and
Ezechiel Chapter 46
Other ordinances for the prince and for the sacrifices.
46:1. Thus saith the Lord God: The gate of the inner court that looketh
toward the east, shall be shut the six days, on which work is done; but
on the sabbath day it shall be opened, yea and on the day of the new
moon it shall be opened.
46:2. And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate
from without, and he shall stand at the threshold of the gate: and the
priests shall offer his holocaust, and his peace offerings: and he
shall adore upon the threshold of the gate, and shall go out: but the
gate shall not be shut till the evening.
46:3. And the people of the land shall adore at the door of that gate
before the Lord on the sabbaths, and on the new moons.
46:4. And the holocaust that the prince shall offer to the Lord on the
sabbath day, shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without
46:5. And the sacrifice of all ephi for a ram: but for the lambs what
sacrifice his hand shall allow: and a hin of oil for every ephi.
46:6. And on the day of the new moon a calf of the herd without
blemish: and the six lambs, and the rams shall be without blemish.
46:7. And he shall offer in sacrifice an ephi for calf, an ephi also
for a ram: but for the lambs, as his hand shall find: and a hin of oil
for every ephi.
46:8. And when the prince is to go in, let him go in by the way of the
porch of the gate, and let him go out the same way.
46:9. But when the people of the land shall go in before the Lord in
the solemn feasts, he that goeth in by the north gate to adore, shall
go out by the way of the south gate; and he that goeth in by the way of
the south gate, shall go out by the way of the north gate: he shall not
return by the way of the gate whereby he came in, but shall go out at
that over against it.
46:10. And the prince in the midst of them, shall go in when they go
in, and go out when they go out.
46:11. And in the fairs, and in the solemnities there shall be the
sacrifice of an ephi to a calf, and an ephi to a ram: and to the lambs,
the sacrifice shall be as his hand shall find: and a hin of oil to
46:12. But when the prince shall offer a voluntary holocaust, or
voluntary peace offering to the Lord: the gate that looketh towards the
east shall be opened to him, and he shall offer his holocaust, and his
peace offerings, as it is wont to be done on the sabbath day: and he
shall go out, and the gate shall be shut after he is gone forth.
46:13. And he shall offer every day for a holocaust to the Lord, a lamb
of the same year without blemish: he shall offer it always in the
46:14. And he shall offer the sacrifice for it morning by morning, the
sixth part of an ephi: and the third part of a hin of oil to be mingled
with the fine flour: a sacrifice to the Lord by ordinance continual and
46:15. He shall offer the lamb, and the sacrifice, and the oil morning
by morning: an everlasting holocaust.
46:16. Thus saith the Lord God: If the prince give a gift to any of his
sons: the inheritance of it shall go to his children, they shall
possess it by inheritance.
46:17. But if he give a legacy out of his inheritance to one of his
servants, it shall be his until the year of release, and it shall
return to the prince: but his inheritance shall go to his sons.
46:18. And the prince shall not take of the people's inheritance by
violence, nor of their possession: but out of his own possession he
shall give an inheritance to his sons: that my people be not dispersed
every man from his possession.
46:19. And he brought me in by the entry that was at the side of the
gate, into the chambers of the sanctuary that were for the priests,
which looked toward the north. And there was a place bending to the
46:20. And he said to me: This is the place where the priests shall
boil the sin offering, and the trespass offering: where they shall
dress the sacrifice, that they may not bring it out into the outward
court, and the people be sanctified.
46:21. And he brought me into the outward court, and he led me about by
the four corners of the court: and behold there was a little court in
the corner of the court, to every corner of the court there was a
46:22. In the four corners of the court were little courts disposed,
forty cubits long, and thirty broad, all the four were of one measure.
46:23. And there was a wall round about compassing the four little
courts, and there were kitchens built under the rows round about.
46:24. And he said to me: This is the house of the kitchens wherein the
ministers of the house of the Lord shall boil the victims of the
Ezechiel Chapter 47
The vision of the holy waters issuing out from under the temple: the
borders of the land to be divided among the twelve tribes.
47:1. And he brought me again to the gate of the house, and behold
waters issued out from under the threshold of the house toward the
east: for the forefront of the house looked toward the east: but the
waters came down to the right side of the temple to the south part of
Waters. . .These waters are not to be understood literally (for there
were none such that flowed from the temple); but mystically, of the
baptism of Christ, and of his doctrine and his grace: the trees that
grow on the banks are Christian virtues: the fishes are Christians,
that spiritually live in and by these holy waters, the fishermen are
the apostles, and apostolic preachers: the fenny places, where there is
no health, are such as by being out of the church are separated from
these waters of life.
47:2. And he led me out by the way of the north gate, and he caused me
to turn to the way without the outward gate to the way that looked
toward the east: and behold there ran out waters on the right side.
47:3. And when the man that had the line in his hand went out towards
the east, he measured a thousand cubits: and he brought me through the
water up to the ankles.
47:4. And again he measured a thousand, and he brought me through the
water up to the knees.
47:5. And he measured a thousand, and he brought me through the water
up to the loins. And he measured a thousand, and it was a torrent,
which I could not pass over: for the waters were risen so as to make a
deep torrent, which could not be passed over.
47:6. And he said to me: Surely thou hast seen, O son of man. And he
brought me out, and he caused me to turn to the bank of the torrent.
47:7. And when I had turned myself, behold on the bank of the torrent
were very many trees on both sides.
47:8. And he said to me: These waters that issue forth toward the
hillocks of sand to the east, and go down to the plains of the desert,
shall go into the sea, and shall go out, and the waters shall be
47:9. And every living creature that creepeth whithersoever the torrent
shall come, shall live: and there shall be fishes in abundance after
these waters shall come thither, and they shall be healed, and all
things shall live to which the torrent shall come.
47:10. And the fishers shall stand over these waters, from Engaddi even
to Engallim there shall be drying of nets: there shall be many sorts of
the fishes thereof, as the fishes of the great sea, a very great
47:11. But on the shore thereof, and in the fenny places they shall not
be healed, because they shall be turned into saltpits.
47:12. And by the torrent on the banks thereof on both sides shall grow
all trees that bear fruit: their leaf shall not fall off, and their
fruit shall not fail: every month shall they bring forth firstfruits,
because the waters thereof shall issue out of the sanctuary: and the
fruits thereof shall be for food, and the leaves thereof for medicine.
47:13. Thus saith the Lord God: This is the border, by which you shall
possess the land according to the twelve tribes of Israel: for Joseph
hath a double portion.
47:14. And you shall possess it, every man in like manner as his
brother: concerning which I lifted up my hand to give it to your
fathers: and this land shall fall unto you for a possession.
47:15. And this is the border of the land: toward the north side, from
the great sea by the way of Hethalon, as men go to Sedada,
47:16. Emath, Berotha, Sabarim, which is between the border of Damascus
and the border of Emath the house of Tichon, which is by the border of
47:17. And the border from the sea even to the court of Enan, shall be
the border of Damascus, and from the north to the north: the border of
Emath, this is the north side.
47:18. And the east side is from the midst of Auran, and from the midst
of Damascus, and from the midst of Galaad, and from the midst of the
land of Israel, Jordan making the bound to the east sea, and thus you
shall measure the east side.
47:19. And the south side southward is, from Thamar even to the waters
of contradiction of Cades: and, the torrent even to the great sea: and
this is the south side southward.
47:20. And the side toward the sea, is the great sea from the borders
straight on, till thou come to Emath: this is the side of the sea.
47:21. And you shall divide this land unto you by the tribes of Israel:
47:22. And you shall divide it by lot for an inheritance to you, and to
the strangers that shall come over to you, that shall beget children
among you: and they shall be unto you as men of the same country born
among the children of Israel: they shall divide the possession with you
in the midst of the tribes of Israel.
47:23. And in what tribe soever the stranger shall be, there shall you
give him possession, saith the Lord God.
Ezechiel Chapter 48
The portions of the twelve tribes, of the sanctuary, of the city, and
of the prince. The dimensions and gates of the city.
48:1. And these are the names of the tribes from the borders of the
north, by the way of Hethalon, as they go to Emath, the court of Enan
the border of Damascus northward, by the way off Emath. And from the
east side thereof to the sea shall be one portion for Dan.
48:2. And by the border of Dan, from the east side even to the side of
the sea, one portion for Aser:
48:3. And by the border of Aser, from the east side even to the side of
the sea one portion for Nephthali.
48:4. And by the border of Nephthali, from the east side even to the
side of the one portion for Manasses.
48:5. And by the border of Manasses, from the east side even to the
side of the sea, one portion for Ephraim.
48:6. And by the border of Ephraim, from the east side even to the side
of the sea, one portion for Ruben.
48:7. And by the border of Ruben, from the east side even to the side
of the sea, one portion for Juda.
48:8. And by the border of Juda, from the east side even to the side of
the sea, shall be the firstfruits which you shall set apart, five and
twenty thousand in breadth, and length, as every one of the portions
from the east side to the side of the sea: and the sanctuary shall be
in the midst thereof.
48:9. The firstfruits which you shall set apart for the Lord will be
the length of five and twenty thousand, and the breadth of ten
48:10. And these shall be the firstfruits of the sanctuary for the
priests: toward the north five and twenty thousand in length, and
toward the sea ten thousand in breadth, and toward the east also ten
thousand in breadth, and toward the south five and twenty thousand in
length: and the sanctuary of the Lord shall be in the midst thereof.
48:11. The sanctuary shall be for the priests of the sons of Sadoc, who
kept my ceremonies, and went not astray when the children of Israel
went astray, as the Levites also went astray.
48:12. And for them shall be the firstfruits of the firstfruits of the
land holy of holies, by the border of the Levites,
48:13. And the Levites in like manner shall have by the borders of the
priests five and twenty thousand in length, and ten thousand in
breadth. All the length shall be five and twenty thousand, and the
breadth ten thousand.
48:14. And they shall not sell thereof, nor exchange, neither shall the
firstfruits of the land be alienated, because they are sanctified to
48:15. But the five thousand that remain in the breadth over against
the five and twenty thousand, shall be a profane place for the city for
dwelling, and for suburbs and the city shall be in the midst thereof.
48:16. And these are the measures thereof: on the north side four
thousand and five hundred: and on the south side four thousand and five
hundred: and on the east side four thousand and five hundred: and on
the west side four thousand and five hundred.
48:17. And the suburbs of the city shall be to the north two hundred
and fifty, and the south two hundred and fifty, and to the east two
hundred and fifty, and to the sea two hundred and fifty.
48:18. And the residue in length by the firstfruits of the sanctuary,
ten thousand toward the east, and ten thousand toward the west, shall
be as the firstfruits of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be
for bread to them that serve the city.
48:19. And they that serve the city, shall serve it out of all the
tribes of Israel.
48:20. All the firstfruits, of five and twenty thousand, by five and
twenty thousand foursquare, shall be set apart for the firstfruits of
the sanctuary, and for the possession of the city.
48:21. And the residue shall be for the prince on every side of the
firstfruits of the sanctuary, and of the possession of the city over
against the five and twenty thousand of the firstfruits unto the east
border: toward the sea also over against the five and twenty thousand,
unto the border of the sea, shall likewise be the portion of the
prince: and the firstfruits of the sanctuary, and the sanctuary of the
temple shall be in the midst thereof.
48:22. And from the possession of the Levites, and from the possession
of the city which are in the midst of the prince's portions: what shall
be to the border of Juda, and to the border of Benjamin, shall also
belong to the prince.
48:23. And for the rest of the tribes: from the east side to the west
side, one portion for Benjamin.
48:24. And over against the border of Benjamin, from the east side to
the west side, one portion for Simeon.
48:25. And by the border of Simeon, from the east side to the west
side, one portion for Issachar.
48:26. And by the border of Issachar, from the east side to the west
side, one portion for Zabulon.
48:27. And by the border of Zabulon, from the east side to the side of
the sea, one portion for Gad.
48:28. And by the border of Gad, the south side southward: and the
border shall be from Thamar, even to the waters of contradiction of
Cades, the inheritance over against the great sea.
48:29. This is the land which you shall divide by lot to the tribes of
Israel: and these are the portions of them, saith the Lord God.
48:30. And these are the goings out of the city: on the north side thou
shalt measure four thousand and five hundred.
48:31. And the gates of the city according to the names of the tribes
of Israel, three gates on the north side, the gate of Ruben one, the
gate of Juda one, the gate of Levi one.
48:32. And at the east side, four thousand and five hundred: and three
gates, the gate of Joseph one, the gate of Benjamin one, the gate of
48:33. And at the south side, thou shalt measure four thousand and five
hundred: and three gates, the gate of Simeon one, the gate of Issachar
one, the gate of Zabulon one.
48:34. And at the west side, four thousand and five hundred, and their
three gates, the gate of Gad one, the gate of Aser one, the gate of
48:35. Its circumference was eighteen thousand: and the name of the
city from that day, The Lord is there.
The Lord is there. . . This name is here given to the city, that is, to
the church of Christ: because the Lord is always with her till the end
of the world. Matt. 28.20.
THE PROPHECY OF DANIEL
DANIEL, whose name signifies THE JUDGMENT OF GOD, was of the royal
blood of the kings of Juda: and one of those that were first of all
carried away into captivity. He was so renowned for wisdom and
knowledge, that it became a proverb among the Babylonians, AS WISE AS
DANIEL (Ezech. 28.3). And his holiness was so great from his very
childhood, that at the time when he was as yet but a young man, he is
joined by the SPIRIT of GOD with NOE and JOB, as three persons most
eminent for virtue and sanctity, Ezech. 14. He is not commonly numbered
by the Hebrews among THE PROPHETS: because he lived at court, and in
high station in the world: but if we consider his many clear
predictions of things to come, we shall find that no one better
deserves the name and title of A PROPHET: which also has been given him
by the SON of GOD himself, Matt. 24, Mark 13., Luke 21.
Daniel Chapter 1
Daniel and his companions are taken into the palace of the king of
Babylon: they abstain from his meat and wine, and succeed better with
pulse and water. Their excellence and wisdom.
1:1. In the third year of the reign of Joakim, king of Juda,
Nabuchodonosor, king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem, and beseiged it.
1:2. And the Lord delivered into his hands Joakim, the king of Juda,
and part of the vessels of the house of God: and he carried them away
into the land of Sennaar, to the house of his god, and the vessels he
brought into the treasure house of his god.
His god. . .Bel or Belus, the principal idol of the Chaldeans.
1:3. And the king spoke to Asphenez, the master of the eunuchs, that he
should bring in some of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed,
and of the princes,
1:4. Children in whom there was no blemish, well favoured, and skilful
in all wisdom, acute in knowledge, and instructed in science, and such
as might stand in the king's palace, that he might teach them the
learning, and tongue of the Chaldeans.
1:5. And the king appointed them a daily provision, of his own meat,
and of the wine of which he drank himself, that being nourished three
years, afterwards they might stand before the king.
1:6. Now there was among them of the children of Juda, Daniel, Ananias,
Misael, and Azarias.
1:7. And the master of the eunuchs gave them names: to Daniel,
Baltassar: to Ananias, Sidrach: to Misael, Misach: and to Azarias,
1:8. But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not be defiled with
the king's table, nor with the wine which he drank: and he requested
the master of the eunuchs that he might not be defiled.
Be defiled, etc. . .Viz., either by eating meat forbidden by the law, or
which had before been offered to idols.
1:9. And God gave to Daniel grace and mercy in the sight of the prince
of the eunuchs.
1:10. And the prince of the eunuchs said to Daniel: I fear my lord, the
king, who hath appointed you meat and drink: who if he should see your
faces leaner than those of the other youths, your equals, you shall
endanger my head to the king.
1:11. And Daniel said to Malasar, whom the prince of the eunuchs had
appointed over Daniel, Ananias, Misael, and Azarias:
1:12. Try, I beseech thee, thy servants for ten days, and let pulse be
given us to eat, and water to drink:
Pulse. . .That is, pease, beans, and such like.
1:13. And look upon our faces, and the faces of the children that eat
of the king's meat: and as thou shalt see, deal with thy servants.
1:14. And when he had heard these words, he tried them for ten days.
1:15. And after ten days, their faces appeared fairer and fatter than
all the children that ate of the king's meat.
1:16. So Malasar took their portions, and the wine that they should
drink: and he gave them pulse.
1:17. And to these children God gave knowledge, and understanding in
every book, and wisdom: but to Daniel the understanding also of all
visions and dreams.
1:18. And when the days were ended, after which the king had ordered
they should be brought in: the prince of the eunuchs brought them in
1:19. And when the king had spoken to them, there were not found among
them all such as Daniel, Ananias, Misael, and Azarias: and they stood
in the king's presence.
1:20. And in all matters of wisdom and understanding, that the king
enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the diviners,
and wise men, that were in all his kingdom.
1:21. And Daniel continued even to the first year of king Cyrus.
Daniel Chapter 2
Daniel, by divine revelation, declares the dream of Nabuchodonosor, and
the interpretation of it. He is highly honoured by the king.
2:1. In the second year of the reign of Nabuchodonosor, Nabuchodonosor
had a dream, and his spirit was terrified, and his dream went out of
The second year. . .Viz., from the death of his father Nabopolassar; for
he had reigned before as partner with his father in the empire.
2:2. Then the king commanded to call together the diviners and the wise
men, and the magicians, and the Chaldeans: to declare to the king his
dreams: so they came and stood before the king.
The Chaldeeans. . .That is, the astrologers, that pretended to divine by
2:3. And the king said to them: I saw a dream: and being troubled in
mind I know not what I saw.
2:4. And the Chaldeans answered the king in Syriac: O king, live for
ever: tell to thy servants thy dream, and we will declare the
2:5. And the king, answering, said to the Chaldeans: The thing is gone
out of my mind: unless you tell me the dream, and the meaning thereof,
you shall be put to death, and your houses shall be confiscated.
2:6. but if you tell the dream, and the meaning of it, you shall
receive of me rewards, and gifts, and great honour: therefore, tell me
the dream, and the interpretation thereof.
2:7. They answered again and said: Let the king tell his servants the
dream, and we will declare the interpretation of it.
2:8. The king answered and said: I know for certain, that you seek to
gain time, since you know that the thing is gone from me.
2:9. If, therefore, you tell me not the dream, there is one sentence
concerning you, that you have also framed a lying interpretation, and
full of deceit, to speak before me till the time pass away. Tell me,
therefore, the dream, that I may know that you also give a true
2:10. Then the Chaldeans answered before the king, and said: There is
no man upon earth, that can accomplish thy word, O king; neither doth
any king, though great and mighty, ask such a thing of any diviner, or
wise man, or Chaldean.
2:11. For the thing that thou asketh, O king, is difficult: nor can any
one be found that can shew it before the king, except the gods, whose
conversation is not with men.
2:12. Upon hearing this, the king in fury, and in great wrath,
commanded that all the wise men of Babylon should be put to death.
2:13. And the decree being gone forth, the wise men were slain: and
Daniel and his companions were sought for, to be put to death.
2:14. Then Daniel inquired concerning the law and the sentence, of
Arioch, the general of the king's army, who was gone forth to kill the
wise men of Babylon.
2:15. And he asked him that had received the orders of the king, why so
cruel a sentence was gone forth from the face of the king. And when
Arioch had told the matter to Daniel,
2:16. Daniel went in, and desired of the king, that he would give him
time to resolve the question, and declare it to the king.
2:17. And he went into his house, and told the matter to Ananias, and
Misael, and Azarias, his companions:
2:18. To the end that they should ask mercy at the face of the God of
heaven, concerning this secret, and that Daniel and his companions
might not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.
2:19. Then was the mystery revealed to Daniel by a vision in the night:
and Daniel blessed the God of heaven,
2:20. And speaking, he said: Blessed be the name of the Lord from
eternity and for evermore: for wisdom and fortitude are his.
2:21. And he changeth times and ages: taketh away kingdoms, and
establisheth them: giveth wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to them
that have understanding:
2:22. He revealeth deep and hidden things, and knoweth what is in
darkness: and light is with him.
2:23. To thee, O God of our fathers, I give thanks, and I praise thee:
because thou hast given me wisdom and strength: and now thou hast shewn
me what we desired of thee, for thou hast made known to us the king's
2:24. After this Daniel went in to Arioch, to whom the king had given
orders to destroy the wise men of Babylon, and he spoke thus to him:
Destroy not the wise men of Babylon: bring me in before the king, and I
will tell the solution to the king.
2:25. Then Arioch in haste brought in Daniel to the king, and said to
him: I have found a man of the children of the captivity of Juda, that
will resolve the question to the king.
2:26. The king answered, and said to Daniel, whose name was Baltassar:
Thinkest thou indeed that thou canst tell me the dream that I saw, and
the interpretation thereof?
2:27. And Daniel made answer before the king, and said: The secret that
the king desireth to know, none of the wise men, or the philosophers,
or the diviners, or the soothsayers, can declare to the king.
2:28. But there is a God in heaven that revealeth mysteries, who hath
shewn to thee, O king Nabuchodonosor, what is to come to pass in the
latter times. Thy dream, and the visions of thy head upon thy bed, are
2:29. Thou, O king, didst begin to think in thy bed, what should come
to pass hereafter: and he that revealeth mysteries shewed thee what
shall come to pass.
2:30. To me also this secret is revealed, not by any wisdom that I have
more than all men alive: but that the interpretation might be made
manifest to the king, and thou mightest know the thought of thy mind.
2:31. Thou, O king, sawest, and behold there was as it were a great
statue: this statue, which was great and high, tall of stature, stood
before thee, and the look thereof was terrible.
2:32. The head of this statue was of fine gold, but the breast and the
arms of silver, and the belly and the thighs of brass.
2:33. And the legs of iron, the feet part of iron and part of clay.
2:34. Thus thou sawest, till a stone was cut out of a mountain without
hands: and it struck the statue upon the feet thereof that were of iron
and clay, and broke them in pieces.
2:35. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold
broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of a summer's
threshing floor, and they were carried away by the wind: and there was
no place found for them: but the stone that struck the statue became a
great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
2:36. This is the dream: we will also tell the interpretation thereof
before thee, O king.
2:37. Thou art a king of kings: and the God of heaven hath given thee a
kingdom, and strength, and power, and glory:
2:38. And all places wherein the children of men, and the beasts of the
field do dwell: he hath also given the birds of the air into thy hand,
and hath put all things under thy power: thou, therefore, art the head
2:39. And after thee shall rise up another kingdom, inferior to thee,
of silver: and another third kingdom of brass, which shall rule over
all the world.
Another kingdom. . .Viz., that of the Medes and Persians. Ibid. Third
kingdom. . .Viz., that of Alexander the Great.
2:40. And the fourth kingdom shall be as iron. As iron breaketh into
pieces, and subdueth all things, so shall that break, and destroy all
The fourth kingdom, etc. . .Some understand this of the successors of
Alexander, the kings of Syria and Egypt, others of the Roman empire,
and its civil wars.
2:41. And whereas thou sawest the feet, and the toes, part of potter's
clay, and part of iron: the kingdom shall be divided, but yet it shall
take its origin from the iron, according as thou sawest the iron mixed
with the miry clay.
2:42. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay:
the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.
2:43. And whereas thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay, they shall
be mingled indeed together with the seed of man, but they shall not
stick fast one to another, as iron cannot be mixed with clay.
2:44. But in the days of those kingdoms, the God of heaven will set up
a kingdom that shall never by destroyed, and his kingdom shall not be
delivered up to another people: and it shall break in pieces, and shall
consume all these kingdoms: and itself shall stand for ever.
A kingdom. . .Viz., the kingdom of Christ in the Catholic Church which
cannot be destroyed.
2:45. According as thou sawest, that the stone was cut out of the
mountain without hands, and broke in pieces the clay and the iron, and
the brass, and the silver, and the gold, the great God hath shewn the
king what shall come to pass hereafter, and the dream is true, and the
interpretation thereof is faithful.
2:46. Then king Nabuchodonosor fell on his face, and worshipped Daniel,
and commanded that they should offer in sacrifice to him victims and
2:47. And the king spoke to Daniel, and said: Verily, your God is the
God of gods, and Lord of kings, and a revealer of hidden things: seeing
thou couldst discover this secret.
2:48. Then the king advanced Daniel to a high station, and gave him
many and great gifts: and he made him governor over all the provinces
of Babylon: and chief of the magistrates over all the wise men of
2:49. And Daniel requested of the king, and he appointed Sidrach,
Misach, and Abdenago, over the works of the province of Babylon: but
Daniel himself was in the king's palace.
Daniel Chapter 3
Nabuchodonosor set up a golden statue; which he commands all to adore:
the three children for refusing to do it are cast into the fiery
furnace; but are not hurt by the flames. Their prayer and canticle of
3:1. King Nabuchodonosor made a statue of gold, of sixty cubits high,
and six cubits broad, and he set it up in the plain of Dura, of the
province of Babylon.
3:2. Then Nabuchodonosor, the king, sent to call together the nobles,
the magistrates, and the judges, the captains, the rulers, and
governors, and all the chief men of the provinces, to come to the
dedication of the statue which king Nabuchodonosor had set up.
3:3. Then the nobles, the magistrates, and the judges, the captains,
and rulers, and the great men that were placed in authority, and all
the princes of the provinces, were gathered together to come to the
dedication of the statue, which king Nabuchodonosor had set up. And
they stood before the statue which king Nabuchodonosor had set up.
3:4. Then a herald cried with a strong voice: To you it is commanded, O
nations, tribes and languages:
3:5. That in the hour that you shall hear the sound of the trumpet, and
of the flute, and of the harp, of the sackbut, and of the psaltery, and
of the symphony, and of all kind of music, ye fall down and adore the
golden statue which king Nabuchodonosor hath set up.
3:6. But if any man shall not fall down and adore, he shall the same
hour be cast into a furnace of burning fire.
3:7. Upon this, therefore, at the time when all the people heard the
sound of the trumpet, the flute, and the harp, of the sackbut, and the
psaltery, of the symphony, and of all kind of music, all the nations,
tribes, and languages fell down and adored the golden statue which king
Nabuchodonosor had set up.
3:8. And presently at that very time some Chaldeans came and accused
3:9. And said to king Nabuchodonosor: O king, live for ever:
3:10. Thou, O king, hast made a decree, that every man that shall hear
the sound of the trumpet, the flute, and the harp, of the sackbut, and
the psaltery, of the symphony, and of all kind of music, shall
prostrate himself, and adore the golden statue:
3:11. And that if any man shall not fall down and adore, he should be
cast into a furnace of burning fire.
3:12. Now there are certain Jews, whom thou hast set over the works of
the province of Babylon, Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago: these men, O
king, have slighted thy decree: they worship not thy gods, nor do they
adore the golden statue which thou hast set up.
3:13. Then Nabuchodonosor in fury, and in wrath, commanded that
Sidrach, Misach, ad Abdenago should be brought: who immediately were
brought before the king.
3:14. And Nabuchodonosor, the king, spoke to them, and said: Is it
true, O Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, that you do not worship my gods,
nor adore the golden statue that I have set up?
3:15. Now, therefore, if you be ready, at what hour soever, you shall
hear the sound of the trumpet, flute, harp, sackbut, and psaltery, and
symphony, and of all kind of music, prostrate yourselves, and adore the
statue which I have made: but if you do not adore, you shall be cast
the same hour into the furnace of burning fire: and who is the God that
shall deliver you out of my hand?
3:16. Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, answered, and said to king
Nabuchodonosor: We have no occasion to answer thee concerning this
3:17. For behold our God, whom we worship, is able to save us from the
furnace of burning fire, and to deliver us out of thy hands, O king.
3:18. But if he will not, be it known to thee, O king, that we will not
worship thy gods, nor adore the golden statue which thou hast set up.
3:19. Then was Nabuchodonosor filled with fury: and the countenance of
his face was changed against Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, and he
commanded that the furnace should be heated seven times more than it
had been accustomed to be heated.
3:20. And he commanded the strongest men that were in his army, to bind
the feet of Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, and to cast them into the
furnace of burning fire.
3:21. And immediately these men were bound, and were cast into the
furnace of burning fire, with their coats, and their caps, and their
shoes, and their garments.
3:22. For the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace was heated
exceedingly. And the flame of the fire slew those men that had cast in
Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago.
3:23. But these three men, that is, Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, fell
down bound in the midst of the furnace of burning fire.
3:24. And they walked in the midst of the flame, praising God, and
blessing the Lord.
And they walked, etc. . .Here St. Jerome takes notice, that from this
verse, to ver. 91, was not in the Hebrew in his time. But as it was in
all the Greek Bibles, (which were originally translated from the
Hebrew,) it is more than probable that it had been formerly in the
Hebrew or rather in the Chaldaic, in which the book of Daniel was
written. But this is certain: that it is, and has been of old, received
by the church, and read as canonical scripture in her liturgy, and
3:25. Then Azarias standing up, prayed in this manner, and opening his
mouth in the midst of the fire, he said:
3:26. Blessed art thou, O Lord, the God of our fathers, and thy name is
worthy of praise, and glorious for ever:
3:27. For thou art just in all that thou hast done to us, and all thy
works are true, and thy ways right, and all thy judgments true.
3:28. For thou hast executed true judgments in all the things that thou
hast brought upon us, and upon Jerusalem, the holy city of our fathers:
for according to truth and judgment, thou hast brought all these things
upon us for our sins.
3:29. For we have sinned, and committed iniquity, departing from thee:
and we have trespassed in all things:
3:30. And we have not hearkened to thy commandments, nor have we
observed nor done as thou hadst commanded us, that it might go well
3:31. Wherefore, all that thou hast brought upon us, and every thing
that thou hast done to us, thou hast done in true judgment:
3:32. And thou hast delivered us into the hands of our enemies that are
unjust, and most wicked, and prevaricators, and to a king unjust, and
most wicked beyond all that are upon the earth.
3:33. And now we cannot open our mouths: we are become a shame, and a
reproach to thy servants, and to them that worship thee.
3:34. Deliver us not up for ever, we beseech thee, for thy name's sake,
and abolish not thy covenant.
3:35. And take not away thy mercy from us, for the sake of Abraham, thy
beloved, and Isaac, thy servant, and Israel, thy holy one:
3:36. To whom thou hast spoken, promising that thou wouldst multiply
their seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand that is on the sea
3:37. For we, O Lord, are diminished more than any nation, and are
brought low in all the earth this day for our sins.
3:38. Neither is there at this time prince, or leader, or prophet, or
holocaust, or sacrifice, or oblation, or incense, or place of first
fruits before thee,
3:39. That we may find thy mercy: nevertheless, in a contrite heart and
humble spirit let us be accepted.
3:40. As in holocausts of rams, and bullocks, and as in thousands of
fat lambs: so let our sacrifice be made in thy sight this day, that it
may please thee: for there is no confusion to them that trust in thee.
3:41. And now we follow thee with all our heart, and we fear thee, and
seek thy face.
3:42. Put us not to confusion, but deal with us according to thy
meekness, and according to the multitude of thy mercies.
3:43. And deliver us, according to thy wonderful works, and give glory
to thy name, O Lord:
3:44. And let all them be confounded that shew evils to thy servants,
let them be confounded in all thy might, and let their strength be
3:45. And let them know that thou art the Lord, the only God, and
glorious over all the world.
3:46. Now the king's servants that had cast them in, ceased not to heat
the furnace with brimstone and tow, and pitch, and dry sticks,
3:47. And the flame mounted up above the furnace nine and forth cubits:
3:48. And it broke forth, and burnt such of the Chaldeans as it found
near the furnace.
3:49. But the angel of the Lord went down with Azarias and his
companions into the furnace: and he drove the flame of the fire out of
3:50. And made the midst of the furnace like the blowing of a wind
bringing dew, and the fire touched them not at all, nor troubled them,
nor did them any harm.
3:51. Then these three, as with one mouth, praised and glorified and
blessed God, in the furnace, saying:
3:52. Blessed art thou, O Lord, the God of our fathers; and worthy to
be praised, and glorified, and exalted above all for ever: and blessed
is the holy name of thy glory: and worthy to be praised and exalted
above all, in all ages.
3:53. Blessed art thou in the holy temple of thy glory: and exceedingly
to be praised and exalted above all for ever.
3:55. Blessed art thou that beholdest the depths, and sittest upon the
cherubims: and worthy to be praised and exalted above all for ever.
3:56. Blessed art thou in the firmament of heaven: and worthy of
praise, and glorious for ever.
3:57. All ye works of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:58. O ye angels of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:59. O ye heavens, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all for
3:60. O all ye waters that are above the heavens, bless the Lord:
praise and exalt him above all for ever.
3:61. O all ye powers of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:62. O ye sun and moon, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
3:63. O ye stars of heaven, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:64. O every shower and dew, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:65. O all ye spirits of God, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:66. O ye fire and heat, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:67. O ye cold and heat, bless the Lord, praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:68. O ye dews and hoar frost, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:69. O ye frost and cold, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:70. O ye ice and snow, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
3:71. O ye nights and days, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:72. O ye light and darkness, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:73. O ye lightnings and clouds, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:74. O let the earth bless the Lord: let it praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:76. O all ye things that spring up in the earth, bless the Lord:
praise and exalt him above all for ever.
3:77. O ye fountains, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
3:78. O ye seas and rivers, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:79. O ye whales, and all that move in the waters, bless the Lord:
praise and exalt him above all for ever.
3:80. O all ye fowls of the air, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:81. O all ye beasts and cattle, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:82. O ye sons of men, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
3:83. O let Israel bless the Lord: let them praise and exalt him above
all for ever.
3:84. O ye priests of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:85. O ye servants of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.
3:86. O ye spirits and souls of the just, bless the Lord: praise and
exalt him above all for ever.
3:87. O ye holy and humble of heart, bless the Lord: praise and exalt
him above all for ever.
3:88. O Ananias, Azarias, Misael, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt
him above all for ever. For he hath delivered us from hell, ad saved us
out of the hand of death, and delivered us out of the midst of the
burning flame, and saved us out of the midst of the fire.
3:89. O give thanks to the Lord, because he is good: because his mercy
endureth for ever and ever.
3:90. O all ye religious, bless the Lord, the God of gods: praise him,
and give him thanks, because his mercy endureth for ever and ever.
3:91. Then Nabuchodonosor, the king, was astonished, and rose up in
haste, and said to his nobles: Did we not cast three men bound into the
midst of the fire? They answered the king, and said: True, O king.
3:92. He answered, and said: Behold, I see four men loose, and walking
in the midst of the fire, and there is no hurt in them, and the form of
the fourth is like the son of God.
3:93. Then Nabuchodonosor came to the door of the burning fiery
furnace, and said: Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, ye servants of the
most high God, go ye forth, and come. And immediately Sidrach, Misach,
and Abdenago, went out from the midst of the fire.
3:94. And the nobles, and the magistrates, and the judges, and the
great men of the king, being gathered together, considered these men,
that the fire had no power on their bodies, and that not a hair of
their head had been singed, nor their garments altered, nor the smell
of the fire had passed on them.
3:95. Then Nabuchodonosor breaking forth, said: Blessed be the God of
them, to wit, of Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, who hath sent his
angel, and delivered his servants that believed in him: and they
changed the king's word, and delivered up their bodies, that they might
not serve nor adore any god except their own God.
3:96. By me, therefore, this decree is made: That every people, tribe,
and tongue, which shall speak blasphemy against the God of Sidrach,
Misach, and Abdenago, shall be destroyed, and their houses laid waste:
for there is no other God that can save in this manner.
3:97. Then the king promoted Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, in the
province of Babylon.
3:98. Nabuchodonosor, the king, to all peoples, nations, and tongues,
that dwell in all the earth, peace be multiplied unto you.
Nabuchodonosor, etc. . .These last three verses are a kind of preface to
the following chapter, which is written in the style of an epistle from
3:99. The most high God hath wrought signs and wonders towards me. It
hath seemed good to me, therefore, to publish
3:100. His signs, because they are great: and his wonders, because they
are mighty: and his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his power to
Daniel Chapter 4
Nabuchodonosor's dream, by which the judgments of God are denounced
against him for his pride, is interpreted by Daniel, and verified by
4:1. I, Nabuchodonosor, was at rest in my house, and flourishing in my
4:2. I saw a dream that affrighted me: and my thoughts in my bed, and
the visions of my head, troubled me.
4:3. Then I set forth a decree, that all the wise men of Babylon should
be brought in before me, and that they should shew me the
interpretation of the dream.
4:4. Then came in the diviners, the wise men, the Chaldeans, and the
soothsayers, and I told the dream before them: but they did not shew me
the interpretation thereof.
4:5. Till their colleague, Daniel, came in before me, whose name is
Baltassar, according to the name of my god, who hath in him the spirit
of the holy gods: and I told the dream before him.
Baltassar, according to the name of my god. . .He says this, because the
name of Baltassar, or Belteshazzar, is derived from the name of Bel,
the chief god of the Babylonians.
4:6. Baltassar, prince of the diviners, because I know that thou hast
in thee the spirit of the holy gods, and that no secret is impossible
to thee, tell me the visions of my dreams that I have seen, and the
interpretation of them?
4:7. This was the vision of my head in my bed: I saw, and behold a tree
in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was exceeding great.
4:8. The tree was great and strong, and the height thereof reached unto
heaven: the sight thereof was even to the ends of all the earth.
4:9. Its leaves were most beautiful, and its fruit exceeding much: and
in it was food for all: under it dwelt cattle and beasts, and in the
branches thereof the fowls of the air had their abode: and all flesh
did eat of it.
4:10. I saw in the vision of my head upon my bed, and behold a watcher,
and a holy one came down from heaven.
A watcher. . .A vigilant angel, perhaps the guardian of Israel.
4:11. He cried aloud, and said thus: Cut down the tree, and chop off
the branches thereof: shake off its leaves, and scatter its fruits: let
the beasts fly away that are under it, and the birds from its branches.
4:12. Nevertheless, leave the stump of its roots in the earth, and let
it be tied with a band of iron and of brass, among the grass, that is
without, and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and let its portion
be with the wild beasts in the grass of the earth.
4:13. Let his heart be changed from man's, and let a beast's heart be
given him: and let seven times pass over him.
Let his heart be changed, etc. . .It does not appear by scripture that
Nabuchodonosor was changed from human shape; much less that he was
changed into an ox; but only that he lost his reason, and became mad;
and in this condition remained abroad in the company of beasts, eating
grass like an ox, till his hair grew in such manner as to resemble the
feathers of eagles, and his nails to be like birds' claws.
4:14. This is the decree by the sentence of the watchers, and the word
and demand of the holy ones: till the living know, that the most High
ruleth in the kingdom of men: and he will give it to whomsoever it
shall please him, and he will appoint the basest man over it.
4:15. I, king Nabuchodonosor, saw this dream: thou, therefore, O
Baltassar, tell me quickly the interpretation: for all the wise men of
my kingdom are not able to declare the meaning of it to me: but thou
art able, because the spirit of the holy gods is in thee.
4:16. Then Daniel, whose name was Baltassar, began silently to think
within himself for about one hour: and his thought troubled him. But
the king answering, said: Baltassar, let not the dream and the
interpretation thereof trouble thee. Baltassar answered, and said: My
lord, the dream be to them that hate thee, and the interpretation
thereof to thy enemies.
4:17. The tree which thou sawest, which was high and strong, whose
height reached to the skies, and the sight thereof into all the earth:
4:18. And the branches thereof were most beautiful, and its fruit
exceeding much, and in it was food for all, under which the beasts of
the field dwelt, and the birds of the air had their abode in its
4:19. It is thou, O king, who art grown great, and become mighty: for
thy greatness hath grown, and hath reached to heaven, and thy power
unto the ends of the earth.
4:20. And whereas the king saw a watcher, and a holy one come down from
heaven, and say: Cut down the tree, and destroy it, but leave the stump
of the roots thereof in the earth, and let it be bound with iron and
brass, among the grass without, and let it be sprinkled with the dew of
heaven, and let his feeding be with the wild beasts, till seven times
pass over him.
4:21. This is the interpretation of the sentence of the most High,
which is come upon my lord, the king.
4:22. They shall cast thee out from among men, and thy dwelling shall
be with cattle, and with wild beasts, and thou shalt eat grass, as an
ox, and shalt be wet with the dew of heaven: and seven times shall pass
over thee, till thou know that the most High ruleth over the kingdom of
men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
4:23. But whereas he commanded, that the stump of the roots thereof,
that is, of the tree, should be left: thy kingdom shall remain to thee,
after thou shalt have known that power is from heaven.
4:24. Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to thee, and
redeem thou thy sins with alms, and thy iniquities with works of mercy
to the poor: perhaps he will forgive thy offences.
4:25. All these things came upon king Nabuchodonosor.
4:26. At the end of twelve months he was walking in the palace of
4:27. And the king answered, and said: Is not this the great Babylon,
which I have built, to be the seat of the kingdom, by the strength of
my power, and in the glory of my excellence?
4:28. And while the word was yet in the king's mouth, a voice came down
from heaven: To thee, O king Nabuchodonosor, it is said: Thy kingdom
shall pass from thee.
4:29. And they shall cast thee out from among men, and thy dwelling
shall be with cattle and wild beasts: thou shalt eat grass like an ox,
and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the most High
ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
4:30. The same hour the word was fulfilled upon Nabuchodonosor, and he
was driven away from among men, and did eat grass, like an ox, and his
body was wet with the dew of heaven: till his hairs grew like the
feathers of eagles, and his nails like birds' claws.
4:31. Now at the end of the days, I, Nabuchodonosor, lifted up my eyes
to heaven, and my sense was restored to me: and I blessed the most
High, and I praised and glorified him that liveth for ever: for his
power is an everlasting power, and his kingdom is to all generations.
4:32. And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing
before him: for he doth according to his will, as well with the powers
of heaven, as among the inhabitants of the earth: and there is none
that can resist his hand, and say to him: Why hast thou done it?
4:33. At the same time my sense returned to me, and I came to the
honour and glory of my kingdom: and my shape returned to me: and my
nobles, and my magistrates, sought for me, and I was restored to my
kingdom: and greater majesty was added to me.
4:34. Therefore I, Nabuchodonosor, do now praise, and magnify, and
glorify the King of heaven: because all his works are true, and his
ways judgments, and them that walk in pride he is able to abase.
I, Nabuchodonosor, do now, etc. . .From this place some commentators
infer that this king became a true convert, and dying not long after,
was probably saved.
Daniel Chapter 5
Baltasar's profane banquet: his sentence is denounced by a handwriting
on the wall, which Daniel reads and interprets.
5:1. Baltasar, the king, made a great feast for a thousand of his
nobles: and every one drank according to his age.
Baltasar. . .He is believed to be the same as Nabonydus, the last of the
Chaldean kings, grandson to Nabuchodonosor. He is called his son, ver.
2, 11, etc., according to the style of the scriptures, because he was a
descendant from him.
5:2. And being now drunk, he commanded that they should bring the
vessels of gold and silver, which Nabuchodonosor, his father, had
brought away out of the temple, that was in Jerusalem, that the king
and his nobles, and his wives, and his concubines, might drink in them.
5:3. Then were the golden and silver vessels brought, which he had
brought away out of the temple that was in Jerusalem: and the king and
his nobles, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them.
5:4. They drank wine, and praised their gods of gold, and of silver, of
brass, of iron, and of wood, and of stone.
5:5. In the same hour there appeared fingers, as it were of the hand of
a man, writing over against the candlestick, upon the surface of the
wall of the king's palace: and the king beheld the joints of the hand
5:6. Then was the king's countenance changed, and his thoughts troubled
him: and the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees struck one
against the other.
5:7. And the king cried out aloud to bring in the wise men, the
Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spoke, and said to the
wise men of Babylon: Whosoever shall read this writing, and shall make
known to me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with purple,
and shall have a golden chain on his neck, and shall be the third man
in my kingdom.
5:8. Then came in all the king's wise men, but they could neither read
the writing, nor declare the interpretation to the king.
5:9. Wherewith king Baltasar was much troubled, and his countenance was
changed: and his nobles also were troubled.
5:10. Then the queen, on occasion of what had happened to the king, and
his nobles, came into the banquet-house: and she spoke, and said: O
king, live for ever: let not thy thoughts trouble thee, neither let thy
countenance be changed.
The queen. . .Not the wife, but the mother of the king.
5:11. There is a man in thy kingdom that hath the spirit of the holy
gods in him: and in the days of thy father knowledge and wisdom were
found in him: for king Nabuchodonosor, thy father, appointed him prince
of the wise men, enchanters, Chaldeans, and soothsayers, thy father, I
say, O king:
5:12. Because a greater spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, and
interpretation of dreams, and shewing of secrets, and resolving of
difficult things, were found in him, that is, in Daniel: whom the king
named Baltassar. Now, therefore, let Daniel be called for, and he will
tell the interpretation.
5:13. Then Daniel was brought in before the king. And the king spoke,
and said to him: Art thou Daniel, of the children of the captivity of
Juda, whom my father, the king, brought out of Judea?
5:14. I have heard of thee, that thou hast the spirit of the gods, and
excellent knowledge, and understanding, and wisdom are found in thee.
5:15. And now the wise men, the magicians, have come in before me, to
read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof; and they
could not declare to me the meaning of this writing.
5:16. But I have heard of thee, that thou canst interpret obscure
things, and resolve difficult things: now if thou art able to read the
writing, and to shew me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be
clothed with purple, and shalt have a chain of gold about thy neck, and
shalt be the third prince in my kingdom.
5:17. To which Daniel made answer, and said before the king: thy
rewards be to thyself, and the gifts of thy house give to another: but
the writing I will read to thee, O king, and shew thee the
5:18. O king, the most high God gave to Nabuchodonosor, thy father, a
kingdom, and greatness, and glory, and honour.
5:19. And for the greatness that he gave to him, all people, tribes,
and languages trembled, and were afraid of him: whom he would, he slew:
and whom he would, he destroyed: and whom he would, he set up: and whom
he would, he brought down.
5:20. But when his heart was lifted up, and his spirit hardened unto
pride, he was put down from the throne of his kingdom, and his glory
was taken away.
5:21. And he was driven out from the sons of men, and his heart was
made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild asses, and he
did eat grass like an ox, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven:
till he knew that the most High ruled in the kingdom of men, and that
he will set over it whomsoever it shall please him.
5:22. Thou also, his son, O Baltasar, hast not humbled thy heart,
whereas thou knewest all these things:
5:23. But hast lifted thyself up against the Lord of heaven: and the
vessels of his house have been brought before thee: and thou, and thy
nobles, and thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them: and
thou hast praised the gods of silver, and of gold, and of brass, of
iron, and of wood, and of stone, that neither see, nor hear, nor feel:
but the God who hath thy breath in his hand, and all thy ways, thou
hast not glorified.
5:24. Wherefore, he hath sent the part of the hand which hath written
this that is set down.
5:25. And this is the writing that is written: MANE, THECEL, PHARES.
5:26. And this is the interpretation of the word. MANE: God hath
numbered thy kingdom, and hath finished it.
5:27. THECEL: thou art weighed in the balance, and art found wanting.
5:28. PHARES: thy kingdom is divided, and is given to the Medes and
5:29. Then by the king's command, Daniel was clothed with purple, and a
chain of gold was put about his neck: and it was proclaimed of him that
he had power as the third man in the kingdom.
5:30. The same night Baltasar, the Chaldean king, was slain.
5:31. And Darius, the Mede, succeeded to the kingdom, being threescore
and two years old.
Darius. . .He is called Cyaxares by the historians; and was the son of
Astyages, and uncle to Cyrus.
Daniel Chapter 6
Daniel is promoted by Darius: his enemies procure a law forbidding
prayer; for the transgression of this law Daniel is cast into the
lions' den: but miraculously delivered.
6:1. It seemed good to Darius, and he appointed over the kingdom a
hundred and twenty governors, to be over his whole kingdom.
6:2. And three princes over them of whom Daniel was one: that the
governors might give an account to them, and the king might have no
6:3. And Daniel excelled all the princes, and governors: because a
greater spirit of God was in him.
6:4. And the king thought to set him over all the kingdom; whereupon
the princes, and the governors, sought to find occasion against Daniel,
with regard to the king: and they could find no cause, nor suspicion,
because he was faithful, and no fault, nor suspicion was found in him.
6:5. Then these men said: We shall not find any occasion against this
Daniel, unless perhaps concerning the law of his God.
6:6. Then the princes, and the governors, craftily suggested to the
king, and spoke thus unto him: King Darius, live for ever:
6:7. All the princes of the kingdom, the magistrates, and governors,
the senators, and judges, have consulted together, that an imperial
decree, and an edict be published: That whosoever shall ask any
petition of any god, or man, for thirty days, but of thee, O king,
shall be cast into the den of the lions.
6:8. Now, therefore, O king, confirm the sentence, and sign the decree:
that what is decreed by the Medes and Persians may not be altered, nor
any man be allowed to transgress it.
6:9. So king Darius set forth the decree, and established it.
6:10. Now, when Daniel knew this, that is to say, that the law was
made, he went into his house: and opening the windows in his upper
chamber towards Jerusalem, he knelt down three times a day, and adored
and gave thanks before his God, as he had been accustomed to do before.
6:11. Wherefore those men carefully watching him, found Daniel praying
and making supplication to his God.
6:12. And they came and spoke to the king concerning the edict: O king,
hast thou not decreed, that every man that should make a request to any
of the gods, or men, for thirty days, but to thyself, O king, should be
cast into the den of the lions? And the king answered them, saying: The
word is true, according to the decree of the Medes and Persians, which
it is not lawful to violate.
6:13. Then they answered, and said before the king: Daniel, who is of
the children of the captivity of Juda, hath not regarded thy law, nor
the decree that thou hast made: but three times a day he maketh his
6:14. Now when the king had heard these words, he was very much
grieved, and in behalf of Daniel he set his heart to deliver him, and
even till sunset he laboured to save him.
6:15. But those men perceiving the king's design, said to him: Know
thou, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians is, that no decree
which the king hath made, may be altered.
6:16. Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him
into the den of the lions. And the king said to Daniel: Thy God, whom
thou always servest, he will deliver thee.
6:17. And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den:
which the king sealed with his own ring, and with the ring of his
nobles, that nothing should be done against Daniel.
6:18. And the king went away to his house, and laid himself down
without taking supper, and meat was not set before him, and even sleep
departed from him.
6:19. Then the king rising very early in the morning, went in haste to
the lions' den:
6:20. And coming near to the den, cried with a lamentable voice to
Daniel, and said to him: Daniel, servant of the living God, hath thy
God, whom thou servest always, been able, thinkest thou, to deliver
thee from the lions?
6:21. And Daniel answering the king, said: O king, live for ever:
6:22. My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut up the mouths of the
lions, and they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him justice hath
been found in me: yea, and before thee, O king, I have done no offence.
6:23. Then was the king exceeding glad for him, and he commanded that
Daniel should be taken out of the den: and Daniel was taken out of the
den, and no hurt was found in him, because he believed in his God.
6:24. And by the king's commandment, those men were brought that had
accused Daniel: and they were cast into the lions' den, they and their
children, and their wives: and they did not reach the bottom of the
den, before the lions caught them, and broke all their bones in pieces.
6:25. Then king Darius wrote to all people, tribes, and languages,
dwelling in the whole earth: PEACE be multiplied unto you.
6:26. It is decreed by me, that in all my empire and my kingdom, all
men dread and fear the God of Daniel. For he is the living and eternal
God for ever: and his kingdom shall not be destroyed, and his power
shall be for ever.
6:27. He is the deliverer, and saviour, doing signs and wonders in
heaven, and in earth: who hath delivered Daniel out of the lions' den.
6:28. Now Daniel continued unto the reign of Darius, and the reign of
Cyrus, the Persian.
Daniel Chapter 7
Daniel's vision of the four beasts, signifying four kingdoms: of God
sitting on his throne: and of the opposite kingdoms of Christ and
7:1. In the first year of Baltasar, king of Babylon, Daniel saw a
dream: and the vision of his head was upon his bed: and writing the
dream, he comprehended it in a few words: and relating the sum of it in
short, he said:
7:2. I saw in my vision by night, and behold the four winds of the
heavens strove upon the great sea.
7:3. And four great beasts, different one from another, came up out of
Four great beasts. . .Viz., the Chaldean, Persian, Grecian, and Roman
empires. But some rather choose to understand the fourth beast of the
successors of Alexander the Great, more especially of them that reigned
in Asia and Syria.
7:4. The first was like a lioness, and had the wings of an eagle: I
beheld till her wings were plucked off, and she was lifted up from the
earth, and stood upon her feet as a man, and the heart of a man was
given to her.
7:5. And behold another beast, like a bear, stood up on one side: and
there were three rows in the mouth thereof, and in the teeth thereof,
and thus they said to it: Arise, devour much flesh.
7:6. After this I beheld, and lo, another like a leopard, and it had
upon it four wings, as of a fowl, and the beast had four heads, and
power was given to it.
7:7. After this I beheld in the vision of the night, and lo, a fourth
beast, terrible and wonderful, and exceeding strong, it had great iron
teeth, eating and breaking in pieces, and treading down the rest with
his feet: and it was unlike to the other beasts which I had seen before
it, and had ten horns.
Ten horns. . .That is, ten kingdoms, (as Apoc. 17.12,) among which the
empire of the fourth beast shall be parcelled. Or ten kings of the
number of the successors of Alexander; as figures of such as shall be
about the time of Antichrist.
7:8. I considered the horns, and behold another little horn sprung out
of the midst of them: and three of the first horns were plucked up at
the presence thereof: and behold eyes like the eyes of a man were in
this horn, and a mouth speaking great things.
Another little horn. . .This is commonly understood of Antichrist. It
may also be applied to that great persecutor Antiochus Epiphanes, as a
figure of Antichrist.
7:9. I beheld till thrones were placed, and the ancient of days sat:
his garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like clean
wool: his throne like flames of fire: the wheels of it like a burning
7:10. A swift stream of fire issued forth from before him: thousands of
thousands ministered to him, and ten thousand times a hundred thousand
stood before him: the judgment sat, and the books were opened.
7:11. I beheld, because of the voice of the great words which that horn
spoke: and I saw that the beast was slain, and the body thereof was
destroyed, and given to the fire to be burnt:
7:12. And that the power of the other beasts was taken away: and that
times of life were appointed them for a time, and a time.
7:13. I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and lo, one like
the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and he came even to the
ancient of days: and they presented him before him.
7:14. And he gave him power, and glory, and a kingdom: and all peoples,
tribes, and tongues shall serve him: his power is an everlasting power
that shall not be taken away: and his kingdom that shall not be
7:15. My spirit trembled; I, Daniel, was affrighted at these things,
and the visions of my head troubled me.
7:16. I went near to one of them that stood by, and asked the truth of
him concerning all these things, and he told me the interpretation of
the words, and instructed me:
7:17. These four great beasts, are four kingdoms, which shall arise out
of the earth.
7:18. But the saints of the most high God shall take the kingdom: and
they shall possess the kingdom for ever and ever.