Part 10 out of 74
Of vows and oaths: and their obligation.
30:1. And Moses told the children of Israel all that the Lord had
30:2. And he said to the princes of the tribes of the children of
Israel: This is the word that the Lord hath commanded:
30:3. If any man make a vow to the Lord, or bind himself by an oath: he
shall not make his word void but shall fulfil all that he promised.
30:4. If a woman vow any thing, and bind herself by an oath, being in
her father's house, and but yet a girl in age: if her father knew the
vow that she hath promised, and the oath wherewith she hath bound her
soul, and held his peace, she shall be bound by the vow:
30:5. Whatsoever she promised and swore, she shall fulfil in deed.
30:6. But if her father, immediately as soon as he heard it, gainsaid
it, both her vows and her oaths shall be void, neither shall she be
bound to what she promised, because her father hath gainsaid it.
30:7. If she have a husband, and shall vow any thing, and the word once
going out of her mouth shall bind her soul by an oath,
30:8. The day that her husband shall hear it, and not gainsay it, she
shall be bound to the vow, and shall give whatsoever she promised.
30:9. But if as soon as he heareth he gainsay it, and make her promises
and the words wherewith she had bound her soul of no effect: the Lord
will forgive her.
30:10. The widow, and she that is divorced, shall fulfil whatsoever
30:11. If the wife in the house of her husband, hath bound herself by
vow and by oath,
30:12. If her husband hear, and hold his peace, and doth not disallow
the promise, she shall accomplish whatsoever she had promised.
30:13. But if forthwith he gainsay it, she shall not be bound by the
promise: because her husband gainsaid it, and the Lord will be merciful
30:14. If she vow and bind herself by oath, to afflict her soul by
fasting, or abstinence from other things, it shall depend on the will
of her husband, whether she shall do it, or not do it.
30:15. But if the husband hearing it hold his peace, and defer the
declaring his mind till another day: whatsoever she had vowed and
promised, she shall fulfil: because immediately as he heard it, he held
30:16. But if he gainsay it after that he knew it, he shall bear her
30:17. These are the laws which the Lord appointed to Moses between the
husband and the wife, between the father and the daughter that is as
yet but a girl in age, or that abideth in her father's house.
Numbers Chapter 31
The Madianites are slain for having drawn the people of Israel into
sin. The dividing of the booty.
31:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
31:2. Revenge first the children of Israel on the Madianites, and so
thou shalt be gathered to thy people.
31:3. And Moses forthwith said: Arm of you men to fight, who may take
the revenge of the Lord on the Madianites.
31:4. Let a thousand men be chosen out of every tribe of Israel to be
sent to the war.
31:5. And they gave a thousand of every tribe, that is to say, twelve
thousand men well appointed for battle.
31:6. And Moses sent them with Phinees the son of Eleazar the priest,
and he delivered to him the holy vessels, and the trumpets to sound.
31:7. And when they had fought against the Madianites and had overcome
them, they slew all the men.
31:8. And their kings Evi, and Recem, and Sur, and Hur, and Rebe, five
princes of the nation: Balaam also the son of Beor they killed with the
31:9. And they took their women, and their children captives, and all
their cattle, and all their goods: and all their possessions they
31:10. And all their cities, and their villages, and castles, they
31:11. And they carried away the booty, and all that they had taken
both of men and of beasts.
31:12. And they brought them to Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and to
all the multitude of the children of Israel. But the rest of the things
for use they carried to the camp on the plains of Moab, beside the
Jordan over against Jericho.
31:13. And Moses and Eleazar the priest and all the princes of the
synagogue went forth to meet them without the camp.
31:14. And Moses being angry with the chief officers of the army, the
tribunes, and the centurions that were come from the battle,
31:15. Said: Why have you saved the women?
31:16. Are not these they, that deceived the children of Israel by the
counsel of Balaam, and made you transgress against the Lord by the sin
of Phogor, for which also the people was punished?
The sin of Phogor. . .The sin committed in the worship of Beelphegor.
31:17. Therefore kill all that are of the male sex, even of the
children: and put to death the women, that have carnally known men.
Of children. . .Women and children, ordinarily speaking, were not to be
killed in war, Deut. 20.14. But the great Lord of life and death was
pleased to order it otherwise in the present case, in detestation of
the wickedness of this people, who by the counsel of Balaam, had sent
their women among the Israelites on purpose to draw them from God.
31:18. But the girls, and all the women that are virgins save for
31:19. And stay without the camp seven days. He that hath killed a man,
or touched one that is killed, shall be purified the third day and the
31:20. And of all the spoil, every garment, or vessel, or any thing
made for use, of the skins, or hair of goats, or of wood, shall be
31:21. Eleazar also the priest spoke to the men of the army, that had
fought, in this manner: This is the ordinance of the law, which the
Lord hath commanded Moses:
31:22. Gold, and silver, and brass, and iron, and lead, and tin,
31:23. And all that may pass through the fire, shall be purified by
fire, but whatsoever cannot abide the fire, shall be sanctified with
the water of expiation:
31:24. And you shall wash your garments the seventh day, and being
purified, you shall afterwards enter into the camp.
31:25. And the Lord said to Moses:
31:26. Take the sum of the things that were taken both of man and
beast, thou and Eleazar the priest and the princes of the multitude:
31:27. And thou shalt divide the spoil equally, between them that
fought and went out to the war, and between the rest of the multitude.
31:28. And thou shalt separate a portion to the Lord from them that
fought and were in the battle, one soul of five hundred as well of
persons as of oxen and asses and sheep.
31:29. And thou shalt give it to Eleazar the priest, because they are
the firstfruits of the Lord.
31:30. Out of the moiety also of the children of Israel thou shalt take
the fiftieth head of persons, and of oxen, and asses, and sheep, and of
all beasts, and thou shalt give them to the Levites that watch in the
charge of the tabernacle of the Lord.
31:31. And Moses and Eleazar did as the Lord had commanded.
31:32. And the spoil which the army had taken, was six hundred
seventy-five thousand sheep,
31:33. Seventy-two thousand oxen,
31:34. Sixty-one thousand asses:
31:35. And thirty-two thousand persons of the female sex, that had not
31:36. And one half was given to them that had been in the battle, to
wit, three hundred thirty-seven thousand five hundred sheep:
31:37. Out of which, for the portion of the Lord, were reckoned six
hundred seventy five sheep.
31:38. And out of the thirty-six thousand oxen, seventy-two oxen:
31:39. Out of the thirty thousand five hundred asses, sixty-one asses:
31:40. Out of the sixteen thousand persons, there fell to the portion
of the Lord, thirty-two souls.
31:41. And Moses delivered the number of the firstfruits of the Lord to
Eleazar the priest, as had been commanded him,
31:42. Out of the half of the children of Israel, which he had
separated for them that had been in the battle.
31:43. But out of the half that fell to the rest of the multitude, that
is to say, out of the three hundred thirty-seven thousand five hundred
31:44. And out of the thirty-six thousand oxen,
31:45. And out of the thirty thousand five hundred asses,
31:46. And out of the sixteen thousand persons,
31:47. Moses took the fiftieth head, and gave it to the Levites that
watched in the tabernacle of the Lord, as the Lord had commanded.
31:48. And when the commanders of the army, and the tribunes and
centurions were come to Moses, they said:
31:49. We thy servants have reckoned up the number of the fighting men,
whom we had under our hand, and not so much as one was wanting.
31:50. Therefore we offer as gifts to the Lord what gold every one of
us could find in the booty, in garters and tablets, rings and
bracelets, and chains, that thou mayst pray to the Lord for us.
31:51. And Moses and Eleazar the priest received all the gold in divers
31:52. In weight sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty sicles, from
the tribunes and from the centurions.
31:53. For that which every one had taken in the booty was his own.
31:54. And that which was received they brought into the tabernacle of
the testimony, for a memorial of the children of Israel before the
Numbers Chapter 32
The tribes of Ruben and Gad, and half of the tribe of Manasses, receive
their inheritance on the east side of Jordan, upon conditions approved
of by Moses.
32:1. And the sons of Ruben and Gad had many flocks of cattle, and
their substance in beasts was infinite. And when they saw the lands of
Jazer and Galaad fit for feeding cattle,
32:2. They came to Moses and Eleazar the priest, and the princes of the
multitude, and said:
32:3. Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nemra, Hesebon, and Eleale,
and Saban, and Nebo, and Beon,
32:4. The land, which the Lord hath conquered in the sight of the
children of Israel, is a very fertile soil for the feeding of beasts:
and we thy servants have very much cattle:
32:5. And we pray thee, if we have found favour in thy sight, that thou
give it to us thy servants in possession, and make us not pass over the
32:6. And Moses answered them: What, shall your brethren go to fight,
and will you sit here?
32:7. Why do ye overturn the minds of the children of Israel, that they
may not dare to pass into the place which the Lord hath given them?
32:8. Was it not thus your fathers did, when I sent from Cadesbarne to
view the land?
32:9. And when they were come as far as the valley of the cluster,
having viewed all the country, they overturned the hearts of the
children of Israel, that they should not enter into the coasts, which
the Lord gave them.
32:10. And he swore in his anger, saying:
32:11. If these men, that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old
and upward, shall see the land, which I promised with an oath to
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: because they would not follow me,
32:12. Except Caleb the son of Jephone the Cenezite, and Josue the son
of Nun: these have fulfilled my will.
32:13. And the Lord being angry against Israel, led them about through
the desert forty years, until the whole generation, that had done evil
in his sight, was consumed.
32:14. And behold, said he, you are risen up instead of your fathers,
the increase and offspring of sinful men, to augment the fury of the
Lord against Israel.
32:15. For if you will not follow him, he will leave the people in the
wilderness, and you shall be the cause of the destruction of all.
32:16. But they coming near, said: We will make sheepfolds, and stalls
for our cattle, and strong cities for our children:
32:17. And we ourselves will go armed and ready for battle before the
children of Israel, until we bring them in unto their places. Our
little ones, and all we have, shall be in walled cities, for fear of
the ambushes of the inhabitants.
32:18. We will not return into our houses until the children of Israel
possess their inheritance:
32:19. Neither will we seek any thing beyond the Jordan, because we
have already our possession on the east side thereof,
32:20. And Moses said to them: If you do what you promise, go on well
appointed for war before the Lord:
32:21. And let every fighting man pass over the Jordan, until the Lord
overthrow his enemies:
32:22. And all the land be brought under him, then shall you be
blameless before the Lord and before Israel, and you shall obtain the
countries that you desire, before the Lord.
32:23. But if you do not what you say, no man can doubt but you sin
against God: and know ye, that your sin shall overtake you.
32:24. Build therefore cities for your children, and folds and stalls
for your sheep and beasts, and accomplish what you have promised.
32:25. And the children of Gad and Ruben said to Moses: We are thy
servants, we will do what my lord commandeth.
32:26. We will leave our children, and our wives and sheep and cattle,
in the cities of Galaad:
32:27. And we thy servants all well appointed will march on to the war,
as thou, my lord, speakest.
32:28. Moses therefore commanded Eleazar the priest, and Josue the son
of Nun, and the princes of the families of all the tribes of Israel,
and said to them:
32:29. If the children of Gad, and the children of Ruben pass with you
over the Jordan, all armed for war before the Lord, and the land be
made subject to you: give them Galaad in possession.
32:30. But if they will not pass armed with you into the land of
Chanaan, let them receive places to dwell in among you.
32:31. And the children of Gad, and the children of Ruben answered: As
the Lord hath spoken to his servants, so will we do:
32:32. We will go armed before the Lord into the land of Chanaan, and
we confess that we have already received our possession beyond the
32:33. Moses therefore gave to the children of Gad and of Ruben, and to
the half tribe of Manasses the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sehon king
of the Amorrhites, and the kingdom of Og king of Basan, and their land
and the cities thereof round about.
32:34. And the sons of Gad built Dibon, and Ataroth, and Aroer,
32:35. And Etroth, and Sophan, and Jazer, and Jegbaa,
32:36. And Bethnemra, and Betharan, fenced cities, and folds for their
32:37. But the children of Ruben built Hesebon, and Eleale, and
32:38. And Nabo, and Baalmeon (their names being changed) and Sabama:
giving names to the cities which they had built.
32:39. Moreover the children of Machir, the son of Manasses, went into
Galaad, and wasted it, cutting off the Amorrhites, the inhabitants
32:40. And Moses gave the land of Galaad to Machir the son of Manasses,
and he dwelt in it.
32:41. And Jair the son of Manasses went, and took the villages
thereof, and he called them Havoth Jair, that is to say, the villages
32:42. Nobe also went, and took Canath with the villages thereof: and
he called it by his own name, Nobe.
Numbers Chapter 33
The mansions or journeys of the children of Israel towards the land of
33:1. These are the mansions of the children of Israel, who went out of
Egypt by their troops under the conduct of Moses and Aaron,
The mansions. . .These mansions, or journeys of the children of Israel
from Egypt to the land of promise, were figures, according to the
fathers, of the steps and degrees by which Christians leaving sin are
to advance from virtue to virtue, till they come to the heavenly
mansions, after this life, to see and enjoy God.
33:2. Which Moses wrote down according to the places of their
encamping, which they changed by the commandment of the Lord.
33:3. Now the children of Israel departed from Ramesses the first
month, on the fifteenth day of the first month, the day after the
phase, with a mighty hand, in the sight of all the Egyptians,
33:4. Who were burying their firstborn, whom the Lord had slain (upon
their gods also he had executed vengeance,)
33:5. And they camped in Soccoth.
33:6. And from Soccoth they came into Etham, which is in the uttermost
borders of the wilderness.
33:7. Departing from thence they came over against Phihahiroth, which
looketh towards Beelsephon, and they camped before Magdalum.
33:8. And departing from Phihahiroth, they passed through the midst of
the sea into the wilderness: and having marched three days through the
desert of Etham, they camped in Mara.
33:9. And departing from Mara, they came into Elim, where there were
twelve fountains of waters, and seventy palm trees: and there they
33:10. But departing from thence also, they pitched their tents by the
Red Sea. And departing from the Red Sea,
33:11. They camped in the desert of Sin.
33:12. And they removed from thence, and came to Daphca.
33:13. And departing from Daphca, they camped in Alus.
33:14. And departing from Alus, they pitched their tents in Raphidim,
where the people wanted water to drink.
33:15. And departing from Raphidim, they camped in the desert of Sinai.
33:16. But departing also from the desert of Sinai, they came to the
graves of lust.
33:17. And departing from the graves of lust, they camped in Haseroth.
33:18. And from Haseroth they came to Rethma.
33:19. And departing from Rethma, they camped in Remmomphares.
33:20. And they departed from thence and came to Lebna.
33:21. Removing from Lebna they camped in Ressa.
33:22. And departing from Ressa, they came to Ceelatha.
33:23. And they removed from thence and camped in the mountain Sepher.
33:24. Departing from the mountain Sepher, they came to Arada,
33:25. From thence they went and camped in Maceloth.
33:26. And departing from Maceloth, they came to Thahath.
33:27. Removing from Thahath they camped in Thare.
33:28. And they departed from thence, and pitched their tents in
33:29. And removing from Methca, they camped in Hesmona.
33:30. And departing from Hesmona, they came to Moseroth.
33:31. And removing from Moseroth, they camped in Benejaacan.
33:32. And departing from Benejaacan, they came to mount Gadgad.
33:33. From thence they went and camped in Jetebatha.
33:34. And from Jetebatha they came to Hebrona.
33:35. And departing from Hebrona, they camped in Asiongaber.
33:36. They removed from thence and came into the desert of Sin, which
33:37. And departing from Cades, they camped in mount Hor, in the
uttermost borders of the land of Edom.
33:38. And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment
of the Lord: and there he died in the fortieth year of the coming forth
of the children of Israel out of Egypt, the fifth month, the first day
of the month,
33:39. When he was a hundred and twenty-three years old.
33:40. And king Arad the Chanaanite, who dwelt towards the south, heard
that the children of Israel were come to the land of Chanaan.
33:41. And they departed from mount Hor, and camped in Salmona.
33:42. From whence they removed and came to Phunon.
33:43. And departing from Phunon, they camped in Oboth.
33:44. And from Oboth they came to Ijeabarim, which is in the borders
of the Moabites.
33:45. And departing from Ijeabarim they pitched their tents in
33:46. From thence they went and camped in Helmondeblathaim.
33:47. And departing from Helmondeblathaim, they came to the mountains
of Abarim over against Nabo.
33:48. And departing from the mountains of Abarim, they passed to the
plains of Moab, by the Jordan, over against Jericho.
33:49. And there they camped from Bethsimoth even to Ablesatim in the
plains of the Moabites,
33:50. Where the Lord said to Moses:
33:51. Command the children of Israel, and say to them: When you shall
have passed over the Jordan, entering into the land of Chanaan,
33:52. Destroy all the inhabitants of that land: Beat down their
pillars, and break in pieces their statues, and waste all their high
33:53. Cleansing the land, and dwelling in it. For I have given it you
for a possession.
33:54. And you shall divide it among you by lot. To the more you shall
give a larger part, and to the fewer a lesser. To every one as the lot
shall fall, so shall the inheritance be given. The possession shall be
divided by the tribes and the families.
33:55. But if you will not kill the inhabitants of the land: they that
remain, shall be unto you as nails in your eyes, and spears in your
sides, and they shall be your adversaries in the land of your
33:56. And whatsoever I had thought to do to them, I will do to you.
Numbers Chapter 34
The limits of Chanaan; with the names of the men that make the division
34:1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
34:2. Command the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: When
you are entered into the land of Chanaan, and it shall be fallen into
your possession by lot, it shall be bounded by these limits:
34:3. The south side shall begin from the wilderness of Sin, which is
by Edom: and shall have the most salt sea for its furthest limits
The most salt sea. . .The lake of Sodom, otherwise called the Dead Sea.
34:4. Which limits shall go round on the south side by the ascent of
the Scorpion and so into Senna, and reach toward the south as far as
Cadesbarne, from whence the frontiers shall go out to the town called
Adar, and shall reach as far as Asemona.
The Scorpion. . .A mountain so called from having a great number of
34:5. And the limits shall fetch a compass from Asemona to the torrent
of Egypt, and shall end in the shore of the great sea.
The great sea. . .The Mediterranean.
34:6. And the west side shall begin from the great sea, and the same
shall be the end thereof.
34:7. But toward the north side the borders shall begin from the great
sea, reaching to the most high mountain,
The most high mountain. . .Libanus.
34:8. From which they shall come to Emath, as far as the borders of
34:9. And the limits shall go as far as Zephrona, and the village of
Enan. These shall be the borders on the north side.
34:10. From thence they shall mark out the grounds towards the east
side from the village of Enan unto Sephama.
34:11. And from Sephama the bounds shall go down to Rebla over against
the fountain of Daphnis: from thence they shall come eastward to the
sea of Cenereth,
Sea of Cenereth. . .This is the sea of Galilee, illustrated by the
miracles of our Lord.
34:12. And shall reach as far as the Jordan, and at the last shall be
closed in by the most salt sea. This shall be your land with its
borders round about.
34:13. And Moses commanded the children of Israel, saying: This shall
be the land which you shall possess by lot, and which the Lord hath
commanded to be given to the nine tribes, and to the half tribe.
34:14. For the tribe of the children of Ruben by their families, and
the tribe of the children of Gad according to the number of their
kindreds, and half of the tribe of Manasses,
34:15. That is, two tribes and a half, have received their portion
beyond the Jordan over against Jericho at the east side.
34:16. And the Lord said to Moses:
34:17. These are the names of the men, that shall divide the land unto
you: Eleazar the priest, and Josue the son of Nun,
34:18. And one prince of every tribe,
34:19. Whose names are these: Of the tribe of Juda, Caleb the son of
34:20. Of the tribe of Simeon, Samuel the son of Ammiud.
34:21. Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son of Chaselon.
34:22. Of the tribe of the children of Dan, Bocci the son of Jogli.
34:23. Of the children of Joseph of the tribe of Manasses, Hanniel the
son of Ephod.
34:24. Of the tribe of Ephraim, Camuel the son of Sephtan.
34:25. Of the tribe of Zabulon, Elisaphan the son of Pharnach.
34:26. Of the tribe of Issachar, Phaltiel the prince, the son of Ozan.
34:27. Of the tribe of Aser, Ahiud the son of Salomi.
34:28. Of the tribe of Nephtali: Phedael the son of Ammiud.
34:29. These are they Whom the Lord hath commanded to divide the land
of Chanaan to the children of Israel.
Numbers Chapter 35
Cities are appointed for the Levites. Of which six are to be the cities
35:1. And the Lord spoke these things also to Moses in the plains of
Moab by the Jordan, over against Jericho:
35:2. Command the children of Israel that they give to the Levites out
of their possessions,
35:3. Cities to dwell in, and their suburbs round about: that they may
abide in the towns, and the suburbs may be for them cattle and beasts:
35:4. Which suburbs shall reach from the walls of the cities outward, a
thousand paces on every side:
35:5. Toward the east shall be two thousand cubits: and toward the
south in like manner shall be two thousand cubits: toward the sea also,
which looketh to the west, shall be the same extent: and the north side
shall be bounded with the like limits. And the cities shall be in the
midst, and the suburbs without.
35:6. And among the cities, which you shall give to the Levites, six
shall be separated for refuge to fugitives, that he who hath shed blood
may flee to them: and besides these there shall be other forty-two
35:7. That is, in all forty-eight with their suburbs.
35:8. And of these cities which shall be given out of the possessions
of the children of Israel, from them that have more, more shall be
taken: and from them that have less, fewer. Each shall give towns to
the Levites according to the extent of their inheritance.
35:9. The Lord said to Moses:
35:10. Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them:
When you shall have passed over the Jordan into the land of Chanaan,
35:11. Determine what cities shall be for the refuge of fugitives, who
have shed blood against their will.
35:12. And when the fugitive shall be in them, the kinsman of him that
is slain may not have power to kill him, until he stand before the
multitude, and his cause be judged.
35:13. And of those cities, that are separated for the refuge of
35:14. Three shall be beyond the Jordan, and three in the land of
35:15. As well for the children of Israel as for strangers and
sojourners, that he may flee to them, who hath shed blood against his
35:16. If any man strike with iron, and he die that was struck: he
shall be guilty of murder, and he himself shall die.
35:17. If he throw a stone, and he that is struck die: he shall be
punished in the same manner.
35:18. If he that is struck with wood die: he shall be revenged by the
blood of him that struck him.
35:19. The kinsman of him that was slain, shall kill the murderer: as
soon as he apprehendeth him, he shall kill him.
35:20. If through hatred any one push a man, or fling any thing at him
with ill design:
35:21. Or being his enemy, strike him with his hand, and he die: the
striker shall be guilty of murder: the kinsman of him that was slain as
soon as he findeth him, shall kill him.
35:22. But if by chance medley, and without hatred,
35:23. And enmity, he do any of these things,
35:24. And this be proved in the hearing of the people, and the cause
be debated between him that struck, and the next of kin:
35:25. The innocent shall be delivered from the hand of the revenger,
and shall be brought back by sentence into the city, to which he had
fled, and he shall abide there until the death of the high priest, that
is anointed with the holy oil.
Until the death, etc. . .This mystically signified that our deliverance
was to be effected by the death of Christ, the high priest and the
anointed of God.
35:26. If the murderer be found without the limits of the cities that
are appointed for the banished,
35:27. And be struck by him that is the avenger of blood: he shall not
be guilty that killed him.
35:28. For the fugitive ought to have stayed in the city until the
death of the high priest: and after he is dead, then shall the
manslayer return to his own country.
35:29. These things shall be perpetual, and for an ordinance in all
35:30. The murderer shall be punished by witnesses: none shall be
condemned upon the evidence of one man.
35:31. You shall not take money of him that is guilty of blood, but he
shall die forthwith.
35:32. The banished and fugitives before the death of the high priest
may by no means return into their own cities.
35:33. Defile not the land of your habitation, which is stained with
the blood of the innocent: neither can it otherwise be expiated, but by
his blood that hath shed the blood of another.
35:34. And thus shall your possession be cleansed, myself abiding with
you. For I am the Lord that dwell among the children of Israel.
Numbers Chapter 36
That the inheritances may not be alienated from one tribe to another,
all are to marry within their own tribes.
36:1. And the princes of the families of Galaad, the son of Machir, the
son of Manasses, of the stock of the children of Joseph, came and spoke
to Moses before the princes of Israel, and said:
36:2. The Lord hath commanded thee, my lord, that thou shouldst divide
the land by lot to the children of Israel, and that thou shouldst give
to the daughters of Salphaad our brother the possession due to their
36:3. Now if men of another tribe take them to wives, their possession
will follow them, and being transferred to another tribe, will be a
diminishing of our inheritance.
36:4. And so it shall come to pass, that when the jubilee, the is, the
fiftieth year of remission, is come, the distribution made by the lots
shall be confounded, and the possession of the one shall pass to the
36:5. Moses answered the children of Israel, and said by the command of
the Lord: The tribe of the children of Joseph hath spoken rightly.
36:6. And this is the law promulgated by the Lord touching the
daughters of Salphaad: Let them marry to whom they will, only so that
it be to men of their own tribe.
36:7. Lest the possession of the children of Israel be mingled from
tribe to tribe. For all men shall marry wives of their own tribe and
36:8. And all women shall take husbands of the same tribe: that the
inheritance may remain in the families.
36:9. And that the tribes be not mingled one with another, but remain
36:10. As they were separated by the Lord. And the daughters of
Salphaad did as was commanded:
36:11. And Maala, and Thersa, and Hegla, and Melcha, and Noa were
married to the sons of their uncle by their father
36:12. Of the family of Manasses, who was the son of Joseph: and the
possession that had been allotted to them, remained in the tribe and
family of their father.
36:13. These are the commandments and judgment, which the Lord
commanded by the hand of Moses to the children of Israel, in the plains
of Moab upon the Jordan over against Jericho.
THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY
This Book is called DEUTERONOMY, which signifies a SECOND LAW, because
it repeats and inculcates the ordinances formerly given on mount Sinai,
with other precepts not expressed before. The Hebrews, from the first
words in the book, call it ELLE HADDEBARIM.
Deuteronomy Chapter 1
A repetition of what passed at Sinai and Cadesbarne: and of the
people's murmuring and their punishment.
1:1. These are the words, which Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the
Jordan, in the plain wilderness, over against the Red Sea, between
Pharan and Thophel and Laban and Haseroth, where there is very much
1:2. Eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir to
1:3. In the fortieth year, the eleventh month, the first day of the
month, Moses spoke to the children of Israel all that the Lord had
commanded him to say to them:
1:4. After that he had slain Sehon king of the Amorrhites, who dwelt in
Hesebon: and Og king of Basan who abode in Astaroth, and in Edrai,
1:5. Beyond the Jordan in the land of Moab. And Moses began to expound
the law, and to say:
1:6. The Lord our God spoke to us in Horeb, saying: You have stayed
long enough in this mountain:
1:7. Turn you, and come to the mountain of the Amorrhites, and to the
other places that are next to it, the plains and the hills and the
vales towards the south, and by the sea shore, the land of the
Chanaanites, and of Libanus, as far as the great river Euphrates.
1:8. Behold, said he, I have delivered it to you: go in and possess it,
concerning which the Lord swore to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob, that he would give it to them, and to their seed after them.
1:9. And I said to you at that time:
1:10. I alone am not able to bear you: for the Lord your God hath
multiplied you, and you are this day as the stars of heaven, for
1:11. (The Lord God of your fathers add to this number many thousands,
and bless you as he hath spoken.)
1:12. I alone am not able to bear your business, and the charge of you
and your differences.
1:13. Let me have from among you wise and understanding men, and such
whose conversation is approved among your tribes, that I may appoint
them your rulers.
1:14. Then you answered me: The thing is good which thou meanest to do.
1:15. And I took out of your tribes men wise and honourable, and
appointed them rulers, tribunes, and centurions, and officers over
fifties, and over tens, who might teach you all things.
1:16. And I commanded them, saying: Hear them, and judge that which is
just: whether he be one of your country, or a stranger.
1:17. There shall be no difference of persons, you shall hear the
little as well as the great: neither shall you respect any man's
person, because it is the judgment of God. And if any thing seem hard
to you, refer it to me, and I will hear it.
1:18. And I commanded you all things that you were to do.
1:19. And departing from Horeb, we passed through the terrible and vast
wilderness, which you saw, by the way of the mountain of the Amorrhite,
as the Lord our God had commanded us. And when we were come into
1:20. I said to you: You are come to the mountain of the Amorrhite,
which the Lord our God will give to us.
1:21. See the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee: go up and
possess it, as the Lord our God hath spoken to thy fathers: fear not,
nor be any way discouraged.
1:22. And you came all to me, and said: Let us send men who may view
the land, and bring us word what way we shall go up, and to what cities
we shall go.
1:23. And because the saying pleased me, I sent of you twelve men, one
of every tribe:
1:24. Who, when they had set forward and had gone up to the mountains,
came as far as the valley of the cluster: and having viewed the land,
1:25. Taking of the fruits thereof, to shew its fertility, they brought
them to us, and said: The land is good, which the Lord our God will
1:26. And you would not go up, but being incredulous to the word of the
Lord our God,
1:27. You murmured in your tents, and said: The Lord hateth us, and
therefore he hath brought us out of the land of Egypt, that he might
deliver us into the hand of the Amorrhite, and destroy us.
1:28. Whither shall we go up? the messengers have terrified our hearts,
saying: The multitude is very great, and taller than we: the cities are
great, and walled up to the sky, we have seen the sons of the Enacims
Walled up to the sky. . .A figurative expression, signifying the walls
to be very high.
1:29. And I said to you: Fear not, neither be ye afraid of them:
1:30. The Lord God, who is your leader, himself will fight for you, as
he did in Egypt in the sight of all.
1:31. And in the wilderness (as thou hast seen) the Lord thy God hath
carried thee, as a man is wont to carry his little son, all the way
that you have come, until you came to this place.
1:32. And yet for all this you did not believe the Lord your God,
1:33. Who went before you in the way, and marked out the place, wherein
you should pitch your tents, in the night shewing you the way by fire,
and in the day by the pillar of a cloud.
1:34. And when the Lord had heard the voice of your words, he was angry
and swore, and said:
1:35. Not one of the men of this wicked generation shall see the good
land, which I promised with an oath to your fathers:
1:36. Except Caleb the son of Jephone: for he shall see it, and to him
I will give the land that he hath trodden upon, and to his children,
because he hath followed the Lord.
1:37. Neither is his indignation against the people to be wondered at,
since the Lord was angry with me also on your account, and said:
Neither shalt thou go in thither.
1:38. But Josue the son of Nun, thy minister, he shall go in for thee:
exhort and encourage him, and he shall divide the land by lot to
1:39. Your children, of whom you said that they should be led away
captives, and your sons who know not this day the difference of good
and evil, they shall go in: and to them I will give the land, and they
shall possess it.
1:40. But return you and go into the wilderness by the way of the Red
1:41. And you answered me: We have sinned against the Lord: we will go
up and fight, as the Lord our God hath commanded. And when you went
ready armed unto the mountain,
1:42. The Lord said to me: Say to them: Go not up, and fight not, for I
am not with you: lest you fall before your enemies.
1:43. I spoke, and you hearkened not: but resisting the commandment of
the Lord, and swelling with pride, you went up into the mountain.
1:44. And the Amorrhite that dwelt in the mountains coming out, and
meeting you, chased you, as bees do: and made slaughter of you from
Seir as far as Horma.
1:45. And when you returned and wept before the Lord, he heard you not,
neither would he yield to your voice.
1:46. So you abode in Cadesbarne a long time.
Deuteronomy Chapter 2
They are forbid to fight against the Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites.
Their victory over Sehon king of Hesebon.
2:1. And departing from thence we came into the wilderness that leadeth
to the Red Sea, as the Lord had spoken to me: and we compassed mount
Seir a long time.
2:2. And the Lord said to me:
2:3. You have compassed this mountain long enough: go toward the north:
2:4. And command thou the people, saying: You shall pass by the borders
of your brethren the children of Esau, who dwell in Seir, and they will
be afraid of you.
2:5. Take ye then good heed that you stir not against them. For I will
not give you of their land so much as the step of one foot can tread
upon, because I have given mount Seir to Esau, for a possession.
2:6. You shall buy meats of them for money and shall eat: you shall
draw waters for money, and shall drink.
2:7. The Lord thy God hath blessed thee in every work of thy hands: the
Lord thy God dwelling with thee, knoweth thy journey, how thou hast
passed through this great wilderness, for forty years, and thou hast
2:8. And when we had passed by our brethren the children of Esau, that
dwelt in Seir, by the way of the plain from Elath and from Asiongaber,
we came to the way that leadeth to the desert of Moab.
2:9. And the Lord said to me: Fight not against the Moabites, neither
go to battle against them: for I will not give thee any of their land,
because I have given Ar to the children of Lot in possession.
2:10. The Emims first were the inhabitants thereof, a people great, and
strong, and so tall, that like the race of the Enacims,
2:11. They were esteemed as giants, and were like the sons of the
Enacims. But the Moabites call them Emims.
2:12. The Horrhites also formerly dwelt in Seir: who being driven out
and destroyed, the children of Esau dwelt there, as Israel did in the
land of his possession, which the Lord gave him.
2:13. Then rising up to pass the torrent Zared, we came to it.
2:14. And the time that we journeyed from Cadesbarne till we passed
over the torrent Zared, was thirty-eight years: until all the
generation of the men that were fit for war was consumed out of the
camp, as the Lord had sworn:
2:15. For his hand was against them, that they should perish from the
midst of the camp.
2:16. And after all the fighting men were dead,
2:17. The Lord spoke to me, saying:
2:18. Thou shalt pass this day the borders of Moab, the city named Ar:
2:19. And when thou comest nigh the frontiers of the children of Ammon,
take heed thou fight not against them, nor once move to battle: for I
will not give thee of the land of the children of Ammon, because I have
given it to the children of Lot for a possession.
2:20. It was accounted a land of giants: and giants formerly dwelt in
it, whom the Ammonites call Zomzommims,
2:21. A people great and many, and of tall stature, like the Enacims
whom the Lord destroyed before their face: and he made them to dwell in
2:22. As he had done in favour of the children of Esau, that dwell in
Seir, destroying the Horrhites, and delivering their land to them,
which they possess to this day.
2:23. The Hevites also, that dwelt in Haserim as far as Gaza, were
expelled by the Cappadocians: who came out of Cappadocia, and destroyed
them and dwelt in their stead.
2:24. Arise ye, and pass the torrent Arnon: Behold I have delivered
into thy hand Sehon king of Hesebon the Amorrhite, and begin thou to
possess his land and make war against him.
2:25. This day will I begin to send the dread and fear of thee upon the
nations that dwell under the whole heaven: that when they hear thy name
they may fear and tremble, and be in pain like women in travail.
2:26. So I sent messengers from the wilderness of Cademoth to Sehon the
king of Hesebon with peaceable words, saying:
2:27. We will pass through thy land, we will go along by the highway:
we will not turn aside neither to the right hand nor to the left.
2:28. Sell us meat for money, that we may eat: give us water for money
and so we will drink. We only ask that thou wilt let us pass through,
2:29. As the children of Esau have done, that dwell in Seir, and the
Moabites, that abide in Ar: until we come to the Jordan, and pass to
the land which the Lord our God will give us.
2:30. And Sehon the king of Hesebon would not let us pass: because the
Lord thy God had hardened his spirit, and fixed his heart, that he
might be delivered into thy hands, as now thou seest.
Hardened, etc. . .That is, in punishment of his past sins he left him to
his own stubborn and perverse disposition, which drew him to his ruin.
See the note on Ex. 7.3.
2:31. And the Lord said to me: Behold I have begun to deliver unto thee
Sehon and his land, begin to possess it.
2:32. And Sehon came out to meet us with all his people to fight at
2:33. And the Lord our God delivered him to us: and we slew him with
his sons and all his people.
2:34. And we took all his cities at that time, killing the inhabitants
of them, men and women and children. We left nothing of them:
2:35. Except the cattle which came to the share of them that took them:
and the spoils of the cities, which we took:
2:36. From Aroer, which is upon the bank of the torrent Arnon, a town
that is situate in a valley, as far as Galaad. There was not a village
or city, that escaped our hands: the Lord our God delivered all unto
2:37. Except the land of the children of Ammon, to which we approached
not: and all that border upon the torrent Jeboc, and the cities in the
mountains, and all the places which the Lord our God forbade us.
Deuteronomy Chapter 3
The victory over Og king of Basan. Ruben, Gad, and half the tribe of
Manasses receive their possession on the other side of Jordan.
3:1. Then we turned and went by the way of Basan: and Og the king of
Basan came out to meet us with his people to fight in Edrai.
3:2. And the Lord said to me: Fear him not: because he is delivered
into thy hand, with all his people and his land: and thou shalt do to
him as thou hast done to Sehon king of the Amorrhites, that dwelt in
3:3. So the Lord our God delivered into our hands, Og also, the king of
Basan, and all his people: and we utterly destroyed them,
3:4. Wasting all his cities at one time, there was not a town that
escaped us: sixty cities, all the country of Argob the kingdom of Og in
3:5. All the cities were fenced with very high walls, and with gates
and bars, besides innumerable towns that had no walls.
3:6. And we utterly destroyed them, as we had done to Sehon the king of
Hesebon, destroying every city, men and women and children:
3:7. But the cattle and the spoils of the cities we took for our prey.
3:8. And we took at that time the land out of the hand of the two kings
of the Amorrhites, that were beyond the Jordan: from the torrent Arnon
unto the mount Hermon,
3:9. Which the Sidonians call Sarion, and the Amorrhites Sanir:
3:10. All the cities that are situate in the plain, and all the land of
Galaad and Basan as far as Selcha and Edrai, cities of the kingdom of
Og in Basan.
3:11. For only Og king of Basan remained of the race of the giants. His
bed of iron is shewn, which is in Rabbath of the children of Ammon,
being nine cubits long, and four broad after the measure of the cubit
of a man's hand.
3:12. And we possessed the land at that time from Aroer, which is upon
the bank of the torrent Arnon, unto the half of mount Galaad: and I
gave the cities thereof to Ruben and Gad.
3:13. And I delivered the other part of Galaad, and all Basan the
kingdom of Og to the half tribe of Manasses, all the country of Argob:
and all Basan is called the Land of giants.
3:14. Jair the son of Manasses possessed all the country of Argob unto
the borders of Gessuri, and Machati. And he called Basan by his own
name, Havoth Jair, that is to say, the towns of Jair, until this
3:15. To Machir also I gave Galaad.
3:16. And to the tribes of Ruben and Gad I gave of the land of Galaad
as far as the torrent Arnon, half the torrent, and the confines even
unto the torrent Jeboc, which is the border of the children of Ammon:
3:17. And the plain of the wilderness, and the Jordan, and the borders
of Cenereth unto the sea of the desert, which is the most salt sea, to
the foot of mount Phasga eastward.
3:18. And I commanded you at that time, saying: The Lord your God
giveth you this land for an inheritance, go ye well appointed before
your brethren the children of Israel, all the strong men of you.
3:19. Leaving your wives and children and cattle. For I know you have
much cattle, and they must remain in the cities, which I have delivered
3:20. Until the Lord give rest to your brethren, as he hath given to
you: and they also possess the land, which he will give them beyond the
Jordan: then shall every man return to his possession, which I have
3:21. I commanded Josue also at that time, saying: Thy eyes have seen
what the Lord your God hath done to these two kings: so will he do to
all the kingdoms to which thou shalt pass.
3:22. Fear them not: for the Lord your God will fight for you.
3:23. And I besought the Lord at that time, saying:
3:24. Lord God, thou hast begun to shew unto thy servant thy greatness,
and most mighty hand, for there is no other God either in heaven or
earth, that is able to do thy works, or to be compared to thy strength.
3:25. I will pass over therefore, and will see this excellent land
beyond the Jordan, and this goodly mountain, and Libanus.
3:26. And the Lord was angry with me on your account and heard me not,
but said to me: It is enough: speak no more to me of this matter.
3:27. Go up to the top of Phasga, and cast thy eyes round about to the
west, and to the north, and to the south, and to the east, and behold
it, for thou shalt not pass this Jordan.
3:28. Command Josue, and encourage and strengthen him: for he shall go
before this people, and shall divide unto them the land which thou
3:29. And we abode in the valley over against the temple of Phogor.
Deuteronomy Chapter 4
Moses exhorteth the people to keep God's commandments: particularly to
fly idolatry. Appointeth three cities of refuge, on that side of the
4:1. And now, O Israel, hear the commandments and judgments which I
teach thee: that doing them, thou mayst live, and entering in mayst
possess the land which the Lord the God of your fathers will give you.
4:2. You shall not add to the word that I speak to you, neither shall
you take away from it: keep the commandments of the Lord your God which
I command you.
4:3. Your eyes have seen all that the Lord hath done against
Beelphegor, how he hath destroyed all his worshippers from among you.
4:4. But you that adhere to the Lord your God, are all alive until this
4:5. You know that I have taught you statutes and justices, as the Lord
my God hath commanded me: so shall you do them in the land which you
4:6. And you shall observe, and fulfil them in practice. For this is
your wisdom, and understanding in the sight of nations, that hearing
all these precepts, they may say: Behold a wise and understanding
people, a great nation.
4:7. Neither is there any other nation so great, that hath gods so nigh
them, as our God is present to all our petitions.
4:8. For what other nation is there so renowned that hath ceremonies,
and just judgments, and all the law, which I will set forth this day
before our eyes?
4:9. Keep thyself therefore, and thy soul carefully. Forget not the
words that thy eyes have seen, and let them not go out of thy heart all
the days of thy life. Thou shalt teach them to thy sons and to thy
4:10. From the day in which thou didst stand before the Lord thy God in
Horeb, when the Lord spoke to me, saying: Call together the people unto
me, that they may hear my words, and may learn to fear me all the time
that they live on the earth, and may teach their children.
4:11. And you came to the foot of the mount, which burned even unto
heaven: and there was darkness, and a cloud and obscurity in it.
4:12. And the Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire. You heard
the voice of his words, but you saw not any form at all.
4:13. And he shewed you his covenant, which he commanded you to do, and
the ten words that he wrote in two tables of stone.
4:14. And he commanded me at that time that I should teach you the
ceremonies and judgments which you shall do in the land, that you shall
4:15. Keep therefore your souls carefully. You saw not any similitude
in the day that the Lord God spoke to you in Horeb from the midst of
4:16. Lest perhaps being deceived you might make you a graven
similitude, or image of male or female,
4:17. The similitude of any beasts, that are upon the earth, or of
birds, that fly under heaven,
4:18. Or of creeping things, that move on the earth, or of fishes, that
abide in the waters under the earth:
4:19. Lest perhaps lifting up thy eyes to heaven, thou see the sun and
the moon, and all the stars of heaven, and being deceived by error thou
adore and serve them, which the Lord thy God created for the service of
all the nations, that are under heaven.
4:20. But the Lord hath taken you and brought you out of the iron
furnaces of Egypt, to make you his people of inheritance, as it is this
4:21. And the Lord was angry with me for your words, and he swore that
I should not pass over the Jordan, nor enter into the excellent land,
which he will give you.
4:22. Behold I die in this land, I shall not pass over the Jordan: you
shall pass, and possess the goodly land.
4:23. Beware lest thou ever forget the covenant of the Lord thy God,
which he hath made with thee: and make to thyself a graven likeness of
those things which the Lord hath forbid to be made:
4:24. Because the Lord thy God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.
4:25. If you shall beget sons and grandsons, and abide in the land, and
being deceived, make to yourselves any similitude, committing evil
before the Lord your God, to provoke him to wrath:
4:26. I call this day heaven and earth to witness, that you shall
quickly perish out of the land, which, when you have passed over the
Jordan, you shall possess. You shall not dwell therein long, but the
Lord will destroy you,
4:27. And scatter you among all nations, and you shall remain a few
among the nations, to which the Lord shall lead you.
4:28. And there you shall serve gods, that were framed with men's
hands: wood and stone, that neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.
4:29. And when thou shalt seek there the Lord thy God, thou shalt find
him: yet so, if thou seek him with all thy heart, and all the
affliction of thy soul.
4:30. After all the things aforesaid shall find thee, in the latter
time thou shalt return to the Lord thy God, and shalt hear his voice.
4:31. Because the Lord thy God is a merciful God: he will not leave
thee, nor altogether destroy thee, nor forget the covenant, by which he
swore to thy fathers.
4:32. Ask of the days of old, that have been before thy time from the
day that God created man upon the earth, from one end of heaven to the
other end thereof, if ever there was done the like thing, or it hath
been known at any time,
4:33. That a people should hear the voice of God speaking out of the
midst of fire, as thou hast heard, and lived:
4:34. If God ever did so as to go, and take to himself a nation out of
the midst of nations by temptations, signs, and wonders, by fight, and
a strong hand, and stretched out arm, and horrible visions according to
all the things that the Lord your God did for you in Egypt, before thy
4:35. That thou mightest know that the Lord he is God, and there is no
other besides him.
4:36. From heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might teach
thee. And upon earth he shewed thee his exceeding great fire, and thou
didst hear his words out of the midst of the fire,
4:37. Because he loved thy fathers, and chose their seed after them.
And he brought thee out of Egypt, going before thee with his great
4:38. To destroy at thy coming very great nations, and stronger than
thou art, and to bring thee in, and give thee their land for a
possession, as thou seest at this present day.
4:39. Know therefore this day, and think in thy heart that the Lord he
is God in heaven above, and in the earth beneath, and there is no
4:40. Keep his precepts and commandments, which I command thee: that it
may be well with thee, and thy children after thee, and thou mayst
remain a long time upon the land, which the Lord thy God will give
4:41. Then Moses set aside three cities beyond the Jordan at the east
4:42. That any one might flee to them who should kill his neighbour
unwillingly, and was not his enemy a day or two before, and that he
might escape to some one of these cities:
4:43. Bosor in the wilderness, which is situate in the plains of the
tribe of Ruben: and Ramoth in Galaad, which is in the tribe of Gad: and
Golan in Basan, which is in the tribe of Manasses.
4:44. This is the law, that Moses set before the children of Israel,
4:45. And these are the testimonies and ceremonies and judgments, which
he spoke to the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt,
4:46. Beyond the Jordan in the valley over against the temple of
Phogor, in the land of Sehon king of the Amorrhites, that dwelt in
Hesebon, whom Moses slew. And the children of Israel coming out of
4:47. Possessed his land, and the land of Og king of Basan, of the two
kings of the Amorrhites, who were beyond the Jordan towards the rising
of the sun:
4:48. From Aroer, which is situate upon the bank of the torrent Arnon,
unto mount Sion, which is also called Hermon,
4:49. All the plain beyond the Jordan at the east side, unto the sea of
the wilderness, and unto the foot of mount Phasga.
Deuteronomy Chapter 5
The ten commandments are repeated and explained.
5:1. And Moses called all Israel, and said to them: Hear, O Israel, the
ceremonies and judgments, which I speak in your ears this day: learn
them, and fulfil them in work.
5:2. The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.
5:3. He made not the covenant with our fathers, but with us, who are
now present and living.
5:4. He spoke to us face to face in the mount out of the midst of fire.
5:5. I was the mediator and stood between the Lord and you at that
time, to shew you his words, for you feared the fire, and went not up
into the mountain, and he said:
5:6. I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt,
out of the house of bondage.
5:7. Thou shalt not have strange gods in my sight.
5:8. Thou shalt not make to thy self a graven thing, nor the likeness
of any things, that are in heaven above, or that are in the earth
beneath, or that abide in the waters under the earth.
5:9. Thou shalt not adore them, and thou shalt not serve them. For I am
the Lord thy God, a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers
upon their children unto the third and fourth generation, to them that
5:10. And shewing mercy unto many thousands, to them that love me, and
keep my commandments.
5:11. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for he
shall not be unpunished that taketh his name upon a vain thing.
5:12. Observe the day of the sabbath, to sanctify it, as the Lord thy
God hath commanded thee.
5:13. Six days shalt thou labour, and shalt do all thy works.
5:14. The seventh is the day of the sabbath, that is, the rest of the
Lord thy God. Thou shalt not do any work therein, thou nor thy son nor
thy daughter, nor thy manservant nor thy maidservant, nor thy ox, nor
thy ass, nor any of thy beasts, nor the stranger that is within thy
gates: that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest, even as
5:15. Remember that thou also didst serve in Egypt, and the Lord thy
God brought thee out from thence with a strong hand, and a stretched
out arm. Therefore hath he commanded thee that thou shouldst observe
the sabbath day.
5:16. Honour thy father and mother, as the Lord thy God hath commanded
thee, that thou mayst live a long time, and it may be well with thee in
the land, which the Lord thy God will give thee.
5:17. Thou shalt not kill.
5:18. Neither shalt thou commit adultery.
5:19. And thou shalt not steal.
5:20. Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.
5:21. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife: nor his house, nor his
field, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his
ass, nor any thing that is his.
5:22. These words the Lord spoke to all the multitude of you in the
mountain, out of the midst of the fire and the cloud, and the darkness,
with a loud voice, adding nothing more: and he wrote them in two tables
of stone, which he delivered unto me.
5:23. But you, after you heard the voice out of the midst of the
darkness, and saw the mountain burn, came to me, all the princes of the
tribes and the elders, and you said:
5:24. Behold the Lord our God hath shewn us his majesty and his
greatness, we have heard his voice out of the midst of the fire, and
have proved this day that God speaking with man, man hath lived.
5:25. Why shall we die therefore, and why shall this exceeding great
fire comsume us: for if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any more,
we shall die.
5:26. What is all flesh, that it should hear the voice of the living
God, who speaketh out of the midst of the fire, as we have heard, and
be able to live?
5:27. Approach thou rather: and hear all things that the Lord our God
shall say to thee, and thou shalt speak to us, and we will hear and
will do them.
5:28. And when the Lord had heard this, he said to me: I have heard the
voice of the words of this people, which they spoke to thee: they have
spoken all things well.
5:29. Who shall give them to have such a mind, to fear me, and to keep
all my commandments at all times, that it may be well with them and
with their children for ever?
5:30. Go and say to them: Return into your tents.
5:31. But stand thou here with me, and I will speak to thee all my
commandments, and ceremonies and judgments: which thou shalt teach
them, that they may do them in the land, which I will give them for a
5:32. Keep therefore and do the things which the Lord God hath
commanded you: you shall not go aside neither to the right hand, nor to
5:33. But you shall walk in the way that the Lord your God hath
commanded, that you may live, and it may be well with you, and your
days may be long in the land of your possession.
Deuteronomy Chapter 6
An exhortation to the love of God, and obedience to his law.
6:1. These are the precepts, and ceremonies, and judgments, which the
Lord your God commanded that I should teach you, and that you should do
them in the land into which you pass over to possess it:
6:2. That thou mayst fear the Lord thy God, and keep all his
commandments and precepts, which I command thee, and thy sons, and thy
grandsons, all the days of thy life, that thy days may be prolonged.
6:3. Hear, O Israel, and observe to do the things which the Lord hath
commanded thee, that it may be well with thee, and thou mayst be
greatly multiplied, as the Lord the God of thy fathers hath promised
thee a land flowing with milk and honey.
6:4. Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
6:5. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, and with
thy whole soul, and with thy whole strength.
6:6. And these words which I command thee this day, shall be in thy
6:7. And thou shalt tell them to thy children, and thou shalt meditate
upon them sitting in thy house, and walking on thy journey, sleeping
6:8. And thou shalt bind them as a sign on thy hand, and they shall be
and shall move between thy eyes.
6:9. And thou shalt write them in the entry, and on the doors of thy
6:10. And when the Lord thy God shall have brought thee into the land,
for which he swore to thy fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: and shall
have given thee great and goodly cities, which thou didst not build,
6:11. Houses full of riches, which thou didst not set up, cisterns
which thou didst not dig, vineyards and oliveyards, which thou didst
6:12. And thou shalt have eaten and be full:
6:13. Take heed diligently lest thou forget the Lord, who brought thee
out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt fear
the Lord thy God, and shalt serve him only, and thou shalt swear by his
6:14. You shall not go after the strange gods of all the nations, that
are round about you:
6:15. Because the Lord thy God is a jealous God in the midst of thee:
lest at any time the wrath of the Lord thy God be kindled against thee,
and take thee away from the face of the earth.
6:16. Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God, as thou temptedst him in
the place of temptation.
6:17. Keep the precepts of the Lord thy God, and the testimonies and
ceremonies which he hath commanded thee.
6:18. And do that which is pleasing and good in the sight of the Lord,
that it may be well with thee: and going in thou mayst possess the
goodly land, concerning which the Lord swore to thy fathers,
6:19. That he would destroy all thy enemies before thee, as he hath
6:20. And when thy son shall ask thee to morrow, saying: What mean
these testimonies, and ceremonies and judgments, which the Lord our God
hath commanded us?
6:21. Thou shalt say to him: We were bondmen of Pharao in Egypt, and
the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a strong hand.
6:22. And he wrought signs and wonders great and very grievous in Egypt
against Pharao, and all his house, in our sight,
6:23. And he brought us out from thence, that he might bring us in and
give us the land, concerning which he swore to our fathers.
6:24. And the Lord commanded that we should do all these ordinances,
and should fear the Lord our God, that it might be well with us all the
days of our life, as it is at this day.
6:25. And he will be merciful to us, if we keep and do all his precepts
before the Lord our God, as he hath commanded us.
Deuteronomy Chapter 7
No league nor fellowship to be made with the Chanaanites: God promiseth
his people his blessing and assistance, if they keep his commandments.
7:1. When the Lord thy God shall have brought thee into the land, which
thou art going in to possess, and shall have destroyed many nations
before thee, the Hethite, and the Gergezite, and the Amorrhite, and the
Chanaanite, and the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, seven
nations much more numerous than thou art, and stronger than thou:
7:2. And the Lord thy God shall have delivered them to thee, thou shalt
utterly destroy them. Thou shalt make no league with them, nor shew
mercy to them:
7:3. Neither shalt thou make marriages with them. Thou shalt not give
thy daughter to his son, nor take his daughter for thy son:
7:4. For she will turn away thy son from following me, that he may
rather serve strange gods, and the wrath of the Lord will be kindled,
and will quickly destroy thee.
7:5. But thus rather shall you deal with them: Destroy their altars,
and break their statues, and cut down their groves, and burn their
7:6. Because thou art a holy people to the Lord thy God. The Lord thy
God hath chosen thee, to be his peculiar people of all peoples that are
upon the earth.
7:7. Not because you surpass all nations in number, is the Lord joined
unto you, and hath chosen you, for you are the fewest of any people:
7:8. But because the Lord hath loved you, and hath kept his oath, which
he swore to your fathers: and hath brought you out with a strong hand,
and redeemed you from the house of bondage, out of the hand of Pharao
the king of Egypt.
7:9. And thou shalt know that the Lord thy God, he is a strong and
faithful God, keeping his covenant and mercy to them that love him, and
to them that keep his commandments, unto a thousand generations:
7:10. And repaying forthwith them that hate him, so as to destroy them,
without further delay immediately rendering to them what they deserve.
7:11. Keep therefore the precepts and ceremonies and judgments, which I
command thee this day to do.
7:12. If after thou hast heard these judgments, thou keep and do them,
the Lord thy God will also keep his covenant to thee, and the mercy
which he swore to thy fathers:
7:13. And he will love thee and multiply thee, and will bless the fruit
of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy vintage, thy
oil, and thy herds, and the flocks of thy sheep upon the land, for
which he swore to thy fathers that he would give it thee.
7:14. Blessed shalt thou be among all people. No one shall be barren
among you of either sex, neither of men nor cattle.
7:15. The Lord will take away from thee all sickness: and the grievous
infirmities of Egypt, which thou knowest, he will not bring upon thee,
but upon thy enemies.
7:16. Thou shalt consume all the people, which the Lord thy God will
deliver to thee. Thy eye shall not spare them, neither shalt thou serve
their gods, lest they be thy ruin.
7:17. If thou say in thy heart: These nations are more than I, how
shall I be able to destroy them?
7:18. Fear not, but remember what the Lord thy God did to Pharao and to
all the Egyptians,
7:19. The exceeding great plagues, which thy eyes saw, and the signs
and wonders, and the strong hand, and the stretched out arm, with which
the Lord thy God brought thee out: so will he do to all the people,
whom thou fearest.
7:20. Moreover the Lord thy God will send also hornets among them,
until he destroy and consume all that have escaped thee, and could hide
7:21. Thou shalt not fear them, because the Lord thy God is in the
midst of thee, a God mighty and terrible:
7:22. He will consume these nations in thy sight by little and little
and by degrees. Thou wilt not be able to destroy them altogether: lest
perhaps the beasts of the earth should increase upon thee.
7:23. But the Lord thy God shall deliver them in thy sight: and shall
slay them until they be utterly destroyed.
7:24. And he shall deliver their kings into thy hands, and thou shalt
destroy their names from under Heaven: no man shall be able to resist
thee, until thou destroy them.
7:25. Their graven things thou shalt burn with fire: thou shalt not
covet the silver and gold of which they are made, neither shalt thou
take to thee any thing thereof, lest thou offend, because it is an
abomination to the Lord thy God.
Graven things. . .Idols, so called by contempt.
7:26. Neither shalt thou bring any thing of the idol into thy house,
lest thou become an anathema, like it. Thou shalt detest it as dung,
and shalt utterly abhor it as uncleanness and filth, because it is an
Deuteronomy Chapter 8
The people is put in mind of God's dealings with them, to the end that
they may love him and serve him.
8:1. All the commandments, that I command thee this day, take great
care to observe: that you may live, and be multiplied, and going in may
possess the land, for which the Lord swore to your fathers.
8:2. And thou shalt remember all the way through which the Lord thy God
hath brought thee for forty years through the desert, to afflict thee
and to prove thee, and that the things that were known in thy heart
might be made known, whether thou wouldst keep his commandments or no.
8:3. He afflicted thee with want, and gave thee manna for thy food,
which neither thou nor thy fathers knew: to shew that not in bread
alone doth man live, but in every word that proceedeth from the mouth
Not in bread alone, etc. . .That is, that God is able to make food of
what he pleases for the support of man.
8:4. Thy raiment, with which thou wast covered, hath not decayed for
age, and thy foot is not worn, lo this is the fortieth year,
8:5. That thou mayst consider in thy heart, that as a man traineth up
his son, so the Lord thy God hath trained thee up.
8:6. That thou shouldst keep the commandments of the Lord thy God, and
walk in his ways, and fear him.
8:7. For the Lord thy God will bring thee into a good land, of brooks
and of waters, and of fountains: in the plains of which and the hills
deep rivers break out:
8:8. A land of wheat, and barley, and vineyards, wherein fig trees and
pomegranates, and oliveyards grow: a land of oil and honey.
8:9. Where without any want thou shalt eat thy bread, and enjoy
abundance of all things: where the stones are iron, and out of its
hills are dug mines of brass:
8:10. That when thou hast eaten, and art full, thou mayst bless the
Lord thy God for the excellent land which he hath given thee.
8:11. Take heed, and beware lest at any time thou forget the Lord thy
God, and neglect his commandments and judgments and ceremonies, which I
command thee this day:
8:12. Lest after thou hast eaten and art filled, hast built goodly
houses, and dwelt in them,
8:13. And shalt have herds of oxen and flocks of sheep, and plenty of
gold and of silver, and of all things,
8:14. Thy heart be lifted up, and thou remember not the Lord thy God,
who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage:
8:15. And was thy leader in the great and terrible wilderness, wherein
there was the serpent burning with his breath, and the scorpion and the
dipsas, and no waters at all: who brought forth streams out of the
The Dipsas. . .A serpent whose bite causeth a violent thirst; from
whence it has its name, for in Greek dipsa signifies thirst.
8:16. And fed thee in the wilderness with manna which thy fathers knew
not. And after he had afflicted and proved thee, at the last he had
mercy on thee,
8:17. Lest thou shouldst say in thy heart: My own might, and the
strength of my own hand have achieved all these things for me.
8:18. But remember the Lord thy God, that he hath given thee strength,
that he might fulfil his covenant, concerning which he swore to thy
fathers, as this present day sheweth.
8:19. But if thou forget the Lord thy God, and follow strange gods, and
serve and adore them: behold now I foretell thee that thou shalt
8:20. As the nations, which the Lord destroyed at thy entrance, so
shall you also perish, if you be disobedient to the voice of the Lord
Deuteronomy Chapter 9
Lest they should impute their victories to their own merits, they are
put in mind of their manifold rebellions and other sins, for which they
should have been destroyed, but God spared them for his promise made to
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
9:1. Hear, O Israel: Thou shalt go over the Jordan this day; to possess
nations very great, and stronger than thyself, cities great, and walled
up to the sky,
9:2. A people great and tall, the sons of the Enacims, whom thou hast
seen, and heard of, against whom no man is able to stand.
9:3. Thou shalt know therefore this day that the Lord thy God himself
will pass over before thee, a devouring and consuming fire, to destroy
and extirpate and bring them to nothing before thy face quickly, as he
hath spoken to thee.
9:4. Say not in thy heart, when the Lord thy God shall have destroyed
them in thy sight: For my justice hath the Lord brought me in to
possess this land, whereas these nations are destroyed for their
9:5. For it is not for thy justices, and the uprightness of thy heart
that thou shalt go in to possess their lands: but because they have
done wickedly, they are destroyed at thy coming in: and that the Lord
might accomplish his word, which he promised by oath to thy fathers
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
9:6. Know therefore that the Lord thy God giveth thee not this
excellent land in possession for thy justices, for thou art a very
9:7. Remember, and forget not how thou provokedst the Lord thy God to
wrath in the wilderness. From the day that thou camest out of Egypt
unto this place, thou hast always strove against the Lord.
9:8. For in Horeb, also thou didst provoke him, and he was angry, and
would have destroyed thee,
9:9. When I went up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, the
tables of the covenant which the Lord made with you: and I continued in
the mount forty days and nights, neither eating bread, nor drinking
9:10. And the Lord gave me two tables of stone written with the finger
of God, and containing all the words that he spoke to you in the mount
from the midst of the fire, when the people were assembled together.
9:11. And when forty days were passed, and as many nights, the Lord
gave me the two tables of stone, the tables of the covenant,
9:12. And said to me: Arise, and go down from hence quickly: for thy
people, which thou hast brought out of Egypt, have quickly forsaken the
way that thou hast shewn them, and have made to themselves a molten
9:13. And again the Lord said to me: I see that this people is
9:14. Let me alone that I may destroy them, and abolish their name from
under heaven, and set thee over a nation, that is greater and stronger
9:15. And when I came down from the burning mount, and held the two
tables of the covenant with both hands,
9:16. And saw that you had sinned against the Lord your God, and had
made to yourselves a molten calf, and had quickly forsaken his way,
which he had shewn you:
9:17. I cast the tables out of my hands, and broke them in your sight.
9:18. And I fell down before the Lord as before, forty days and nights
neither eating bread, nor drinking water, for all your sins, which you
had committed against the Lord, and had provoked him to wrath:
9:19. For I feared his indignation and anger, wherewith being moved
against you, he would have destroyed you. And the Lord heard me this
9:20. And he was exceeding angry against Aaron also, and would have
destroyed him, and I prayed in like manner for him.
9:21. And your sin that you had committed, that is, the calf, I took,
and burned it with fire, and breaking it into pieces, until it was as
small as dust, I threw it into the torrent, which cometh down from the
9:22. At the burning also, and at the place of temptation, and at the
graves of lust you provoked the Lord:
9:23. And when he sent you from Cadesbarne, saying: Go up, and possess
the land that I have given you, and you slighted the commandment of the
Lord your God, and did not believe him, neither would you hearken to
9:24. But were always rebellious from the day that I began to know you.
9:25. And I lay prostrate before the Lord forty days and nights, in
which I humbly besought him, that he would not destroy you as he had
9:26. And praying, I said: O Lord God, destroy not thy people, and thy
inheritance, which thou hast redeemed in thy greatness, whom thou hast
brought out of Egypt with a strong hand.
9:27. Remember thy servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: look not on the
stubbornness of this people, nor on their wickedness and sin:
9:28. Lest perhaps the inhabitants of the land, out of which thou hast
brought us, say: The Lord could not bring them into the land that he
promised them, and he hated them: therefore he brought them out, that
he might kill them in the wilderness,
9:29. Who are thy people and thy inheritance, whom thou hast brought
out by thy great strength, and in thy stretched out arm.