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The Grammar of English Grammars by Gould Brown

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useless."--_Brightland cor._ "The child that we have just seen is
_wholesomely_ fed."--_Murray cor._ "Indeed, _falsehood_ and legerdemain
sink the character of a prince."--_Collier cor._ "In earnest, at this rate
of _management_, thou usest thyself very _coarsely_."--_Id._ "To give them
an _arrangement_ and a diversity, as agreeable as the nature of the subject
would admit."--_Murray cor._ "Alger's Grammar is only a trifling
_enlargement_ of Murray's little _Abridgement_."--_G. Brown_. "You ask
whether you are to retain or _to_ omit the mute _e_ in the _words,
judgement, abridgement, acknowledgement, lodgement, adjudgement_, and
_prejudgement_."--_Red Book cor._ "Fertileness, fruitfulness; _fertilely_,
fruitfully, abundantly."--_Johnson cor._ "_Chastely_, purely, without
contamination; _Chasteness_, chastity, purity."--_Id._ "_Rhymester_, n. One
who makes rhymes; a versifier; a mean poet."--_Walker, Chalmers, Maunder,
Worcester_. "It is therefore a heroical _achievement_ to disposess
[sic--KTH] this imaginary monarch."--_Berkley cor._ "Whereby is not meant
the present time, as he _imagines_, but the time past."--_R. Johnson cor._
"So far is this word from affecting the noun, in regard to its
_definiteness_, that its own character of _definiteness_ or
_indefiniteness_, depends upon the name to which it is prefixed."--_Webster
cor._

"Satire, by _wholesome_ lessons, would reclaim,
And heal their vices to secure their fame "--_Brightland cor._

RULE XI.--FINAL Y.

"Solon's the _veriest_ fool in all the play."--_Dryden cor._ "Our author
prides himself upon his great _sliness_ and shrewdness."--_Merchant cor._
"This tense, then, _implies_ also the signification of _debeo_."--_R.
Johnson cor._ "That may be _applied_ to a subject, with respect to
something accidental."--_Id._ "This latter author _accompanies_ his note
with a distinction."--_Id._ "This rule is defective, and none of the
annotators have sufficiently _supplied its deficiencies_."--_Id._ "Though
the _fancied_ supplement of Sanctius, Scioppius, Vossius, and Mariangelus,
may take place."--_Ib._ "Yet, as to the commutableness of these two tenses,
which is _denied_ likewise, they [the foregoing examples] are _all one_ [;
i.e., _exactly equivalent_]"--_Id._ "Both these tenses may represent a
futurity, _implied_ by the dependence of the clause."--_Id._ "Cry, cries,
crying, cried, crier, decrial; Shy, _shier, shiest, shily, shiness_; Fly,
flies, flying, flier, high-flier; Sly, _slier, sliest, slily, sliness_;
Spy, spies, spying, spied, espial; Dry, drier, driest, _drily,
driness_."--_Cobb, Webster, and Chalmers cor._ "I would sooner listen to
the thrumming of a _dandizette_ at her piano."--_Kirkham cor._ "Send her
away; for she _crieth_ after us."--_Matt._, v, 23. "IVIED, _a_. overgrown
with ivy."--_Cobb's Dict._, and _Maunders_.

"Some _drily_ plain, without invention's aid,
Write dull receipts how poems may be made."--_Pope cor._

RULE XII.--FINAL Y.

"The _gayety_ of youth should be tempered by the precepts of age."--_Murray
cor._ "In the storm of 1703, two thousand stacks of _chimneys_ were blown
down in and about London."--_Red Book cor._ "And the vexation was not
abated by the _hackneyed_ plea of haste."--_Id._ "The fourth sin of our
_days_ is lukewarmness."--_Perkins cor._ "God hates the workers of
iniquity, and _destroys_ them that speak lies."--_Id._ "For, when he _lays_
his hand upon us, we may not fret."--_Id._ "Care not for it; but if thou
_mayst_ be free, choose it rather."--_Id._ "Alexander Severus saith, 'He
that _buyeth_, must sell; I will not suffer buyers and sellers of
offices.'"--_Id._ "With these measures, fell in all _moneyed_ men."--See
_Johnson's Dict._ "But rattling nonsense in full _volleys_
breaks."--_Murray's Reader, q. Pope_. "_Valleys_ are the intervals betwixt
mountains."--_Woodward cor._ "The Hebrews had fifty-two _journeys_ or
marches."--_Wood cor._ "It was not possible to manage or steer the
_galleys_ thus fastened together."--_Goldsmith cor._ "_Turkeys_ were not
known to naturalists till after the discovery of America."--_Gregory cor._
"I would not have given it for a wilderness of _monkeys_."--SHAK.: _in
Johnson's Dict._ "Men worked at embroidery, especially in
_abbeys_."--_Constable cor._ "By which all purchasers or mortgagees may be
secured of all _moneys_ they lay out."--_Temple cor._ "He would fly to the
mines _or_ the _galleys_, for his recreation."--_South cor._ "Here
_pulleys_ make the pond'rous oak ascend."--_Gay cor._

------"You need my help, and you say,
Shylock, we would have _moneys_."--_Shak. cor._

RULE XIII.--IZE AND ISE.

"Will any able writer _authorize_ other men to _revise_ his works?"--_G.
B_. "It can be made as strong and expressive as this _Latinized_
English."--_Murray cor._ "Governed by the success or failure of an
_enterprise_."--_Id._ "Who have _patronized_ the cause of justice against
powerful oppressors."--_Id., et al_. "Yet custom _authorizes_ this use of
it."--_Priestley cor._ "They _surprise_ myself, ****; and I even think the
writers themselves will be _surprised_."--_Id._ "Let the interest _rise_ to
any sum which can be obtained."--_Webster cor._ "To _determine_ what
interest shall _arise_ on the use of money."--_Id._ "To direct the popular
councils and check _any rising_ opposition,"--_Id._ "Five were appointed to
the immediate _exercise_ of the office."--_Id._ "No man ever offers himself
as a candidate by _advertising_."--_Id._ "They are honest and economical,
but indolent, and destitute of _enterprise_."--_Id._ "I would, however,
_advise_ you to be cautious."--_Id._ "We are accountable for what we
_patronize_ in others."--_Murray cor._ "After he was _baptized_, and was
solemnly admitted into the office."--_Perkins cor._ "He will find all, or
most, of them, _comprised_ in the exercises."--_Brit. Gram. cor._ "A quick
and ready habit of _methodizing_ and regulating their thoughts."--_Id._ "To
_tyrannize_ over the time and patience of his readers."--_Kirkham cor._
"Writers of dull books, however, if _patronized_ at all, are rewarded
beyond their deserts."--_Id._ "A little reflection will show the reader the
reason for _emphasizing_ the words marked."--_Id._ "The English Chronicle
contains an account of a _surprising_ cure."--_Red Book cor._ "_Dogmatize_,
to assert positively; Dogmatizer, an _assertor_, a magisterial
teacher."--_Chalmers cor._ "And their inflections might now have been
easily _analyzed_."--_Murray cor._ "Authorize, _disauthorize_, and
unauthorized; Temporize, _contemporize_, and extemporize."--_Walker cor._
"Legalize, _equalize, methodize_, sluggardize, _womanize_, humanize,
_patronize_, cantonize, _gluttonize, epitomize_, anatomize, _phlebotomize,
sanctuarize_, characterize, _synonymize, recognize_, detonize,
_colonize_."--_Id. cor._

"This beauty sweetness always must _comprise_,
Which from the subject, well express'd, will rise."--_Brightland cor._

RULE XIV.--COMPOUNDS.

"The glory of the Lord shall be thy _rear-ward_."--SCOTT, ALGER: _Isa._,
lviii, 8. "A mere _van-courier_ to announce the coming of his
master."--_Tooke cor._ "The _party-coloured_ shutter appeared to come close
up before him."--_Kirkham cor._ "When the day broke upon this _handful_ of
forlorn but dauntless spirits."--_Id._ "If, upon a _plumtree_, peaches and
apricots are engrafted, _nobody_ will say they are the natural growth of
the _plumtree_.'--_Berkley cor._ "The channel between Newfoundland and
Labrador is called the Straits of _Belleisle_."--_Worcester cor._ "There
being nothing that more exposes to _the headache_:"--or, (perhaps more
accurately,) "_headake_."--_Locke cor._ "And, by a sleep, to say we end the
_heartache_:"--or, "_heartake_."--_Shak. cor._ "He that sleeps, feels not
the _toothache_:"--or, "_toothake_."--_Id._ "That the shoe must fit him,
because it fitted his father and _grandfather_."--_Phil. Museum cor._ "A
single word _misspelled_ [or _misspelt_] in a letter is sufficient to show
that you have received a defective education."--_C. Bucke cor._ "Which
_misstatement_ the committee attributed to a failure of
memory."--_Professors cor._ "Then he went through the _Banqueting-House_ to
the scaffold."--_Smollet cor._ "For the purpose of maintaining a clergyman
and _a schoolmaster_."--_Webster cor._ "They however knew that the lands
were claimed by _Pennsylvania_."--_Id._ "But if you ask a reason, they
immediately bid _farewell_ to argument."--_Barnes cor._ "Whom resist,
_steadfast_ in the faith."--_Alger's Bible_. "And they continued
_steadfastly_ in the apostles' doctrine."--_Id._ "Beware lest ye also fall
from your own _steadfastness_."--_Ib._ "_Galiot_, or _Galliot_, a Dutch
vessel carrying a main-mast and a _mizzen-mast_."--_Webster cor._
"Infinitive, to overflow; Preterit, overflowed; Participle,
_overflowed_."--_Cobbett cor._ "After they have _misspent_ so much precious
time."--_Brit. Gram. cor._ "Some say, 'two _handsful_;" some, 'two
_handfuls_; and others, 'two _handful_.' The second expression is
right."--_G. Brown_. "_Lapful_, as much as the lap can contain."--_Webster
cor._ "_Dareful_, full of defiance."--_Walker cor._ "The road to the
_blissful_ regions is as open to the peasant as to the king."--_Mur. cor._
"_Misspell_ is _misspelled_ [or _misspelt_] in every dictionary which I
have seen."--_Barnes cor._ "_Downfall_; ruin, calamity, fall from rank or
state."--_Johnson cor._ "The whole legislature _likewise_ acts _as_ a
court."--_Webster cor._ "It were better a _millstone_ were hanged about his
neck."--_Perkins cor._ "_Plumtree_, a tree that produces plums;
_Hogplumtree_, a tree."--_Webster cor._ "_Trissyllables_ ending in _re_ or
_le_, accent the first syllable."--_Murray cor._

"It happened on a summer's _holyday_,
That to the greenwood shade he took his way."--_Dryden_.

RULE XV.--USAGE.

"Nor are the _moods_ of the Greek tongue more uniform."--_Murray cor._ "If
we _analyze_ a conjunctive _preterit_, the rule will not appear to
hold."--_Priestley cor._ "No landholder would have been at that
_expense_."--_Id._ "I went to see the child whilst they were putting on its
_clothes_."--_Id._ "This _style_ is ostentatious, and _does_ not suit grave
writing."--_Id._ "The king of Israel and _Jehoshaphat_ the king of Judah,
sat each on his throne."--_1 Kings_, xxii, 10; _2 Chron._, xviii, 9.
"_Lysias_, speaking of his friends, promised to his father never to abandon
them."--_Murray cor._ "Some, to avoid this _error_, run into _its_
opposite."--_Churchill cor._ "Hope, the balm of life _soothes_ us under
every misfortune."--_Jaudon's Gram._, p. 182. "Any judgement or decree
might be _heard_ and reversed by the legislature."--_N. Webster cor._ "A
pathetic _harangue will screen_ from punishment any knave."--_Id._ "For the
same _reason_ the _women_ would be improper judges."--_Id._ "Every person
_is_ indulged in worshiping _as_ he _pleases_."--_Id._ "Most or all
_teachers_ are excluded from genteel company."--_Id._ "The _Christian_
religion, in its purity, _is_ the best institution on _earth_."--_Id._
"_Neither_ clergymen nor human laws _have_ the _least_ authority over the
conscience."--_Id._ "A _guild_ is a society, fraternity, or
corporation."--_Barnes cor._ "Phillis was not able to _untie_ the knot, and
so she cut it."--_Id._ "An _acre_ of land is the quantity of one hundred
and sixty perches."--_Id._ "_Ochre_ is a fossil earth combined with the
_oxyd_ of some metal."--_Id._ "_Genii_, when denoting _aerial_ spirits;
_geniuses_, when signifying persons of genius."--_Murray cor._; also
_Frost_; also _Nutting_. "Acrisius, king of Argos, had a beautiful
daughter, whose name was _Danaee_."--_Classic Tales cor._ "_Phaeeton_ was the
son of Apollo and Clymene."--_Id._--"But, after all, I may not have reached
the intended _goal_."--_Buchanan cor._ "'_Pittacus_ was offered a large
sum.' Better: '_To Pittacus_ was offered a large sum.'"--_Kirkham cor._
"King _Micipsa_ charged his sons to respect the senate and people of
Rome."--_Id._ "For example: '_Galileo_ greatly improved the
telescope.'"--_Id._ "Cathmor's _warriors_ sleep in death."--_Macpherson's
Ossian_. "For parsing will enable you to detect and correct _errors_ in
composition."--_Kirkham cor._

"O'er barren mountains, o'er the flow'ry plain,
Extends thy _uncontrolled_ and boundless reign."--_Dryden cor._

PROMISCUOUS CORRECTIONS OF FALSE SPELLING.

LESSON I.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"A bad author deserves better usage than a bad _critic_."--_Pope (or
Johnson) cor._ "Produce a single passage, _superior_ to the speech of
Logan, a Mingo chief, to Lord Dunmore, _governor_ of this
state."--_Jefferson's Notes_, p. 94. "We have none _synonymous_ to supply
its place."--_Jamieson cor._ "There is a probability that the effect will
be _accelerated_."--_Id._ "Nay, a regard to sound has _controlled_ the
public choice."--_Id._ "Though learnt [better, _learned_] from the
uninterrupted use of _guttural_ sounds."--_Id._ "It is by carefully filing
off all roughness and _all inequalities_, that languages, like metals, must
be polished."--_Id._ "That I have not _misspent_ my time in the service of
the community."--_Buchanan cor._ "The leaves of _maize_ are also called
blades."--_Webster cor._ "Who boast that they know what is past, and can
_foretell_ what is to come."--_Robertson cor._ "Its tasteless _dullness_ is
interrupted by nothing but its perplexities."--_Abbott, right_. "Sentences
constructed with the Johnsonian _fullness_ and swell."--_Jamieson, right_.
"The privilege of escaping from his prefatory _dullness_ and
prolixity."--_Kirkham, right_. "But, in poetry, this _characteristic_ of
_dullness_ attains its full growth."--_Id. corrected_. "The leading
_characteristic_ consists in an increase of the force and fullness."--_Id
cor._ "The character of this opening _fullness_ and feebler vanish."--_Id.
cor._ "Who, in the _fullness_ of _unequalled_ power, would not believe
himself the favourite of Heaven?"--_Id. right_. "They _mar_ one _an_ other,
and distract him."--_Philol. Mus. cor._ "Let a deaf _worshiper_ of
antiquity and an English prosodist settle this."--_Rush cor._ "This
_Philippic_ gave rise to my satirical reply in self-defence."--_Merchant
cor._ "We here saw no _innuendoes_, no new sophistry, no
falsehoods."--_Id._ "A witty and _humorous_ vein has often produced
enemies."--_Murray cor._ "Cry _hollo_! to thy tongue, I _pray thee_:[527]
it _curvets_ unseasonably."--_Shak. cor._ "I said, in my _sliest_ manner,
'Your health, sir.'"--_Blackwood cor._ "And _attorneys_ also travel the
circuit in _pursuit_ of business."--_Barnes cor._ "Some whole counties in
Virginia would hardly _sell_ for the _value_ of the _debts due_ from the
inhabitants."--_Webster cor._ "They were called the Court of Assistants,
and _exercised_ all powers, _legislative_ and judicial."--_Id._ "Arithmetic
is excellent for the _gauging_ of liquors."--_Harris's Hermes_, p. 295.
"Most of the inflections may be _analyzed_ in a way somewhat
similar."--_Murray cor._

"To epithets allots emphatic state,
_While_ principals, ungrac'd, like _lackeys_ wait."
--_T. O. Churchill's Gram._, p. 326.

LESSON II.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"Hence _less_ is a privative _suffix_, denoting destitution; as in
_fatherless, faithless, penniless_."--_Webster cor._ "_Bay_; red, or
reddish, inclining to a _chestnut colour_."--_Id._ "To _mimick_, to imitate
or ape for sport; a _mimic_, one who imitates or mimicks."--_Id._
"Counterroll, a counterpart or copy of the rolls; _Counterrollment_, a
counter account."--_Id._ "_Millennium_, [from _mille_ and _annus_,] the
thousand years during which Satan shall be bound."--See _Johnson's Dict._
"_Millennial_, [like _septennial, decennial_, &c.,] pertaining to the
_millennium_, or to a thousand years."--See _Worcester's Dict._
"_Thralldom_; slavery, bondage, a state of servitude."--_Webster's Dict._
"Brier, a prickly bush; Briery, rough, prickly, full of briers;
_Sweetbrier_, a fragrant shrub."--See _Ainsworth's Dict., Scott's, Gobb's_,
and others. "_Will_, in the second and third persons, barely
_foretells_."--_Brit. Gram. cor._ "And _therefore_ there is no word false,
but what is distinguished by Italics."--_Id._ "What should be _repeated_,
is left to their discretion."--_Id._ "Because they are abstracted or
_separated_ from material substances."--_Id._ "All motion is in time, and
_therefore, wherever_ it exists, implies time as its _concomitant_."--
_Harris's Hermes_, p. 95. "And illiterate grown persons are guilty of
_blamable_ spelling."--_Brit. Gram. cor._ "They _will_ always be ignorant,
and of _rough_, uncivil manners."--_Webster cor._ "This fact _will_ hardly
be _believed_ in the northern states."--_Id._ "The province, however, _was
harassed_ with disputes."--_Id._ "So little concern _has_ the legislature
for the interest of _learning_."--_Id._ "The gentlemen _will_ not admit
that a _schoolmaster_ can be a gentleman."--_Id._ "Such absurd
_quid-pro-quoes_ cannot be too strenuously avoided."--_Churchill cor._
"When we say of a man, 'He looks _slily_;' we signify, that he takes a sly
glance or peep at something."--_Id._ "_Peep_; to look through a crevice; to
look narrowly, closely, or _slily_"--_Webster cor._ "Hence the confession
has become a _hackneyed_ proverb."--_Wayland cor._ "Not to mention the more
ornamental parts of _gilding_, varnish, &c."--_Tooke cor._ "After this
system of self-interest had been _riveted_."--_Dr. Brown cor._ "Prejudice
might have prevented the cordial approbation of a _bigoted_ Jew."--_Dr.
Scott cor._

"All twinkling with the _dewdrop_ sheen,
The _brier-rose_ fell in streamers green."--_Sir W. Scott cor._

LESSON III.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"The infinitive _mood_ has, commonly, the sign _to_ before it."--_Harrison
cor._ "Thus, it is _advisable_ to write _singeing_, from the verb to
_singe_, by way of distinction from _singing_, the participle of the verb
to _sing_."--_Id._ "Many verbs form both the _preterit_ tense and the
_preterit_ participle irregularly."--_Id._ "Much must be left to every
one's taste and _judgement_."--_Id._ "Verses of different lengths,
intermixed, form a _Pindaric_ poem."--_Priestley cor._ "He'll _surprise_
you."--_Frost cor._ "Unequalled archer! why was this concealed?"--
_Knowles_. "So _gayly_ curl the waves before each dashing prow."--_Byron
cor._ "When is a _diphthong_ called a proper _diphthong_?"--_Inf. S. Gram.
cor._ "How many _Esses_ would _the word_ then end with? Three; for it would
be _goodness's_."--_Id._ "_Qu_. What is a _triphthong_? _Ans_. A
_triphthong_ is a _coalition_ of three vowels _in one syllable_."--_Bacon
cor._ "The verb, noun, or pronoun, is referred to the preceding terms taken
_separately_."--_Murray_. "The cubic foot of matter which occupies the
_centre_ of the globe."--_Cardell cor._ "The wine imbibes _oxygen_, or the
acidifying principle, from the air."--_Id._ "Charcoal, sulphur, and
_nitre_, make _gunpowder_."--_Id._ "It would be readily understood, that
the thing so _labelled_ was a bottle of Madeira wine."--_Id._ "They went
their ways, one to his farm, an other to his _merchandise_."--_Matt._,
xxii, 5. "A _diphthong_ is the union of two vowels, _both in one
syllable_."--_Russell cor._ "The professors of the _Mohammedan_ religion
are called Mussulmans."--_Maltby cor._ "This _shows_ that _let_ is not a
_mere_ sign of the imperative mood, but a real verb."--_Id._ "Those
_preterits_ and participles which are first mentioned in the list, seem to
be the most eligible."--_Murray's Gram._, p. 107; _Fisk's_, 81;
_Ingersoll's_, 103. "Monosyllables, for the most part, are compared by _er_
and _est_, and _dissyllables_, by _more_ and _most_."--_Murray's Gram._, p.
47. "This termination, added to a noun or _an_ adjective, changes it into a
verb: as, _modern_, to _modernize_; a _symbol_, to _symbolize_."--
_Churchill cor._ "An _Abridgement_ of Murray's Grammar, with additions from
Webster, Ash, Tooke, and others."--_Maltby's Gram._, p. 2. "For the sake of
occupying the room more _advantageously_, the subject of Orthography is
merely glanced at."--_Nutting cor._ "So contended the accusers of
_Galileo_."--_O. B. Peirce cor._ Murray says, "They were _travelling post_
when _he_ met them."--_Murray's Gram._, 8vo, p. 69. "They _fulfill_ the
only purposes for which they were designed."--_Peirce cor._--See _Webster's
Dict._ "On the _fulfillment_ of the event."--_Peirce, right_. "_Fullness_
consists in expressing every idea."--_Id._ "Consistently with _fullness_
and perspicuity."--_Peirce cor._ "The word _veriest_ is a _regular
adjective_; as, 'He is the _veriest_ fool on earth.'"--_Wright cor._ "The
sound will _recall_ the idea of the object."--_Hiley cor._ "Formed for
great _enterprises_."--_Hiley's Gram._, p. 113. "The most important rules
and definitions are printed in large type, _Italicized_."--_Hart cor._
"HAMLETED, _a._, accustomed to a hamlet, countrified."--_Webster_, and
_Worcester_. "Singular, _spoonful, cupful, coachful, handful_; plural,
_spoonfuls, cupfuls, coachfuls, handfuls_."--_Worcester's Universal and
Critical Dictionary_.

"Between superlatives and following names,
_Of_, by _grammatic_ right, a station claims."--_Brightland cor._

THE KEY.--PART II.--ETYMOLOGY.

CHAPTER I.--PARTS OF SPEECH.

The first chapter of Etymology, as it exhibits only the distribution of
words into the ten Parts of Speech, contains no false grammar for
correction. And it may be here observed, that as mistakes concerning the
forms, classes, or modifications of words, are chiefly to be found in
_sentences_, rather than in any separate exhibition of the terms; the
quotations of this kind, with which I have illustrated the principles of
etymology, are many of them such as might perhaps with more propriety be
denominated _false syntax_. But, having examples enough at hand to show the
ignorance and carelessness of authors in every part of grammar, I have
thought it most advisable, so to distribute them as to leave no part
destitute of this most impressive kind of illustration. The examples
exhibited as _false etymology_, are as distinct from those which are called
_false syntax_, as the nature of the case will admit.

CHAPTER II.--ARTICLES.

CORRECTIONS RESPECTING A, AN, AND THE.

LESSON I.--ARTICLES ADAPTED.

"Honour is _a_ useful distinction in life."--_Milnes cor._ "No writer,
therefore, ought to foment _a_ humour of innovation."--_Jamieson cor._
"Conjunctions [generally] require a situation between the things of which
they form _a_ union."--_Id._ "Nothing is more easy than to mistake _a u_
for an _a_."--_Tooke cor._ "From making so ill _a_ use of our innocent
expressions."--_Penn cor._ "To grant thee _a_ heavenly and incorruptible
crown of glory."--_Sewel cor._ "It in no wise follows, that such _a_ one
was able to predict."--_Id._ "With _a_ harmless patience, they have borne
most heavy oppressions."--_Id._ "My attendance was to make me _a_ happier
man."--_Spect. cor._ "On the wonderful nature of _a_ human mind."--_Id._ "I
have got _a_ hussy of a maid, who is most craftily given to this."--_Id._
"Argus is said to have had _a_ hundred eyes, some of which were always
awake."--_Stories cor._ "Centiped, having _a_ hundred feet; centennial,
consisting of a hundred years."--_Town cor._ "No good man, he thought,
could be _a_ heretic."--_Gilpin cor._ "As, a Christian, an infidel, _a_
heathen."--_Ash cor._ "Of two or more words, usually joined by _a_
hyphen."--_Blair cor._ "We may consider the whole space of _a_ hundred
years as time present."--_Ingersoll's Gram._, p. 138. "In guarding against
such _a_ use of meats and drinks."--_Ash cor._ "Worship is _a_ homage due
from man to his Creator."--_Monitor cor._ "Then _a_ eulogium on the
deceased was pronounced."--_Grimshaw cor._ "But for Adam there was not
found _a_ help meet for him."--_Bible cor._ "My days are consumed like
smoke, and my bones are burned as _a_ hearth."--_Id._ "A foreigner and a
hired servant shall not eat thereof."--_Id._ "The hill of God is as the
hill of Bashan; _a_ high hill, as the hill of Bashan."--_Id._ "But I do
declare it to have been _a_ holy offering, and such _a_ one too as was to
be once for all."--_Penn cor._ "A hope that does not make ashamed those
that have it."--_Barclay cor._ "Where there is not _a_ unity, we may
exercise true charity."--_Id._ "Tell me, if in any of these such _a_ union
can be found?"--_Dr. Brown cor._

"Such holy drops her tresses steeped,
Though 'twas _a_ hero's eye that weeped."--_Sir W. Scott cor._

LESSON II.--ARTICLES INSERTED.

"This veil of flesh parts the visible and _the_ invisible
world."--_Sherlock cor._ "The copulative and _the_ disjunctive conjunctions
operate differently on the verb."--_L. Murray cor._ "Every combination of a
preposition and _an_ article with the noun."--_Id._ "_Either_ signifies,
'the one or the other:' _neither_ imports, 'not either;' that is, 'not
_the_ one nor the other.'"--_Id._ "A noun of multitude may have a pronoun
or _a_ verb agreeing with it, either of the singular number or _of the_
plural."--_Bucke cor._ "_The principal_ copulative conjunctions are, _and,
as, both, because, for, if, that, then, since_."--_Id._ "The two real
genders are the masculine and _the_ feminine."--_Id._ "In which a mute and
_a_ liquid are represented by the same character, _th_."--_Gardiner cor._
"They said, John _the_ Baptist hath sent us unto thee."--_Bible cor._ "They
indeed remember the names of _an_ abundance of places."--_Spect. cor._
"Which created a great dispute between the young and _the_ old
men."--_Goldsmith cor._ "Then shall be read the Apostles' or _the_ Nicene
Creed."--_Com. Prayer cor._ "The rules concerning the perfect tenses and
_the_ supines of verbs are Lily's."--_K. Henry's Gr. cor._ "It was read by
the high and the low, the learned and _the_ illiterate."--_Dr. Johnson
cor._ "Most commonly, both the pronoun and _the_ verb are
understood."--_Buchanan cor._ "To signify the thick and _the_ slender
enunciation of tone."--_Knight cor._ "The difference between a palatial and
_a_ guttural aspirate is very small."--_Id._ "Leaving it to waver between
the figurative and _the_ literal sense."--_Jamieson cor._ "Whatever verb
will not admit of both an active and _a_ passive signification."--_Alex.
Murray cor._ "_The_ is often set before adverbs in the comparative or _the_
superlative degree."--_Id. and Kirkham cor._ "Lest any should fear the
effect of such a change, upon the present or _the_ succeeding age of
writers."--_Fowle cor._ "In all these measures, the accents are to be
placed on _the_ even syllables; and every line is, in general, _the_ more
melodious, as this rule is _the_ more strictly observed."--_L. Murray et
al. cor._ "How many numbers do nouns appear to have? Two: the singular and
_the_ plural."--_R. C. Smith cor._ "How many persons? Three; the first,
_the_ second, and _the_ third."--_Id._ "How many cases? Three; the
nominative, _the_ possessive, and _the_ objective."--_Id._

"Ah! what avails it me, the flocks to keep,
Who lost my heart while I preserv'd _the_ sheep:"--or, "_my_ sheep."

LESSON III.--ARTICLES OMITTED.

"The negroes are all _descendants_ of Africans."--_Morse cor._ "_Sybarite_
was applied as a term of reproach to a man of dissolute manners."--_Id._
"The original signification of _knave_ was _boy_."--_Webster cor._ "The
meaning of these will be explained, for greater clearness and
precision."--_Bucke cor._ "What sort of _noun_ is _man_? A noun
substantive, common."--_Buchanan cor._ "Is _what_ ever used as three kinds
of _pronoun_?"_--Kirkham's Question cor._ [Answer: "No; as a pronoun, it is
either relative or interrogative."--_G. Brown_.] "They delighted in _having
done it_, as well as in the doing of it."--_R. Johnson cor._ "_Both parts_
of this rule are exemplified in the following sentences."--_Murray cor._
"He has taught them to hope for _an other and better_ world."--_Knapp cor._
"It was itself only preparatory to a future, _better_, and perfect
revelation."--_Keith cor._ "_Es_ then makes _an other and distinct_
syllable."--_Brightland cor._ "The eternal clamours of a _selfish and
factious_ people."--_Dr. Brown cor._ "To those whose taste in elocution is
_but little_ cultivated."--_Kirkham cor._ "They considered they had but a
_sort of gourd_ to rejoice in."--_Bennet cor._ "Now there was _but one such
bough_, in a spacious and shady grove."--_Bacon cor._ "Now the absurdity of
this latter supposition will go a great way _towards making_ a man
easy."--_Collier cor._ "This is true of _mathematics, with which taste_ has
but little to do."--_Todd cor._ "To stand prompter to a _pausing yet ready_
comprehension."--_Rush cor._ "Such an obedience as the _yoked and tortured_
negro is compelled to yield to the whip of the overseer."--_Chalmers cor._
"For the gratification of a _momentary and unholy_ desire."--_Wayland cor._
"The body is slenderly put together; the mind, a rambling _sort of
thing_."--_Collier cor._ "The only nominative to the verb, is
_officer_."--_Murray cor._ "And though _in general_ it ought to be
admitted, &c."--_Blair cor._ "Philosophical writing admits of a polished,
_neat_, and elegant style."--_Id._ "But notwithstanding this defect,
Thomson is a strong _and beautiful_ describer."--_Id._ "So should he be
sure to be ransomed, _and many_ poor men's lives _should be_
saved."--_Shak. cor._

"Who felt the wrong, or feared it, _took alarm_,
Appealed to law, and Justice lent her arm."--_Pope cor._

LESSON IV.--ARTICLES CHANGED.

"To enable us to avoid too frequent _a_ repetition of the same
word."--_Bucke cor._ "The former is commonly acquired in _a_ third part of
the time."--_Burn cor._ "Sometimes _an_ adjective becomes a substantive;
and, _like other substantives, it may have an_ adjective _relating_ to it:
as, '_The chief good_.'"--_L. Murray cor._ "An articulate sound is _a_
sound of the human voice, formed by the organs of speech."--_Id. "A tense_
is _a_ distinction of time: there are six tenses."--_Maunder cor._ "In this
case, _an_ ellipsis of the last article would be improper."--_L. Hurray
cor._ "Contrast _always_ has the effect to make each of the contrasted
objects appear in _a_ stronger light."--_Id. et al_. "These remarks may
serve to _show_ the great importance of _a_ proper use of the
_articles_."--_Lowth et al. cor._ "'Archbishop Tillotson,' says _the_
author of _a_ history of England, 'died in this year.'"--_Dr. Blair cor._
"Pronouns are used in stead of substantives, to prevent too frequent _a_
repetition of them."--_A. Murray cor._ "THAT, as a relative, seems to be
introduced to _prevent_ too frequent _a_ repetition of WHO and
WHICH."--_Id._ "A pronoun is a word used in stead of a noun, to _prevent_
too frequent _a_ repetition of it."--_L. Murray cor._ "THAT is often used
as a relative, to prevent too frequent _a_ repetition of WHO and
WHICH."--_Id. et al. cor._ "His knees smote one against _the_
other."--_Logan cor._ "They stand now on one foot, then on _the_
other."--_W. Walker cor._ "The Lord watch between thee and me, when we are
absent one from _the_ other."--_Bible cor._ "Some have enumerated ten parts
of speech, making _the_ participle a distinct part."--_L. Murray cor._
"Nemesis rides upon _a_ hart because _the_ hart is a most lively
creature."--_Bacon cor._ "The transition of the voice from one vowel of the
diphthong to _the_ other."--_Dr. Wilson cor._ "So difficult it is, to
separate these two things one from _the_ other."--_Dr. Blair cor._
"Without _a_ material breach of any rule."--_Id._ "The great source of
_looseness_ of style, in opposition to precision, is _an_ injudicious use
of _what_ are termed _synonymous words_."--_Blair cor._; also _Murray_.
"Sometimes one article is improperly used for _the_ other."--_Sanborn cor._

"Satire of sense, alas! can Sporus feel?
Who breaks a butterfly upon _the_ wheel?"--_Pope cor._

LESSON V.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"He hath no delight in the strength of _a_ horse."--_Maturin cor._ "The
head of it would be _a_ universal monarch."--_Butler cor._ "Here they
confound the material and _the_ formal object of faith."--_Barclay cor._
"The Irish [Celtic] and _the Scottish_ Celtic are one language; the Welsh,
_the_ Cornish, and _the_ Armorican, are _an_ other."--_Dr. Murray cor._ "In
_a_ uniform and perspicuous manner."--_Id._ "SCRIPTURE, _n._ Appropriately,
and by way of distinction, the books of the Old and _the_ New Testament;
the Bible."--_Webster cor._ "In two separate volumes, entitled, 'The Old
and New Testaments.'"--_Wayland cor._ "The Scriptures of the Old and _the_
New Testament, contain a revelation from God."--_Id._ "Q has _always a_ u
after it; which, in words of French origin, is not sounded."--_Wilson cor._
"What should we say of such _a_ one? that he is regenerate? No."--_Hopkins
cor._ "Some grammarians subdivide _the_ vowels into simple and
compound."--_L. Murray cor._ "Emphasis has been _divided_ into the weaker
and _the_ stronger emphasis."--_Id._ "Emphasis has also been divided into
_the_ superior and the inferior emphasis."--_Id._ "Pronouns must agree with
their antecedents, or _the_ nouns which they represent, in gender, number,
and person."--_Merchant cor._ "The adverb _where_ is often used improperly,
for _a_ relative pronoun and _a_ preposition": as, "Words _where_ [in
which] the _h_ is not silent."--_Murray_, p. 31. "The termination _ish_
imports diminution, or _a_ lessening _of_ the quality."--_Merchant cor._
"In this train, all their verses proceed: one half of _a_ line always
answering to the other."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "To _a_ height of prosperity and
glory, unknown to any former age."--_L. Murray cor._ "_Hwilc_, who, which,
such as, such _a_ one, is declined as follows."--_Gwilt cor._ "When a vowel
precedes _the y, s_ only is required to form _the_ plural; as, _day,
days_."--_Bucke cor._ "He is asked what sort _of word_ each is; whether a
primitive, _a_ derivative, or _a_ compound."--_British Gram. cor._ "It is
obvious, that neither the second, _the_ third, nor _the_ fourth chapter of
Matthew, is the first; consequently, there are not '_four first_
chapters.'"--_Churchill cor._ "Some thought, which a writer wants _the_ art
to introduce in its proper place."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "Groves and meadows
are _the_ most pleasing in the spring."--_Id._ "The conflict between the
carnal and _the_ spiritual mind, is often long."--_Gurney cor._ "A
Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and _the_
Beautiful"--_Burke cor._

"Silence, my muse! make not these jewels cheap,
Exposing to the world too large _a_ heap."--_Waller cor._

CHAPTER III.--NOUNS.

CORRECTIONS IN THE MODIFICATIONS OF NOUNS.

LESSON I.--NUMBERS.

"All the ablest of the Jewish _rabbies_ acknowledge it."--_Wilson cor._
"Who has thoroughly imbibed the system of one or other of our Christian
_rabbies_."--_Campbell cor._ "The seeming _singularities_ of reason soon
wear off."--_Collier cor._ "The chiefs and _arikies_, or priests, have the
power of declaring a place or object taboo."--_Balbi cor._ "Among the
various tribes of this family, are the Pottawatomies, the _Sauks_ and
Foxes, or _Saukies_ and _Ottogamies_."--_Id._ "The Shawnees, Kickapoos,
Menom'onies, _Miamies_, and Delawares, are of the same region."--_Id._ "The
Mohegans and _Abenaquies_ belonged also to this family."--_Id._ "One tribe
of this family, the _Winnebagoes_, formerly resided near lake
Michigan."--_Id._ "The other tribes are the Ioways, the Otoes, the
_Missouries_, the Quapaws."--_Id._" The great Mexican family comprises the
Aztecs, the Toltecs, and the _Tarascoes_."--_Id._" The Mulattoes are born
of negro and white parents; the _Zamboes_, of Indians and Negroes."--_Id._
"To have a place among the Alexanders, the Caesars, the _Louises_, or the
_Charleses_,--the scourges and butchers of their fellow-creatures."--Burgh
cor." Which was the notion of the Platonic philosophers and the Jewish
_rabbies_."--_Id._ "That they should relate to the whole body of
_virtuosoes_."--_Cobbeti cor._" What _thanks_ have ye? for sinners also
love those that love them."--_Bible cor._" There are five ranks of
nobility; dukes, _marquises_, earls, viscounts, and barons."--_Balbi cor._"
Acts which were so well known to the two _Charleses_."--_Payne cor._
"_Courts-martial_ are held in all parts, for the trial of the
blacks."--_Observer cor._ "It becomes a common noun, and may have _the_
plural number; as, the two _Davids_, the two _Scipios_, the two
_Pompeys_."--_Staniford cor._ "The food of the rattlesnake is birds,
squirrels, _hares_, rats, and reptiles."--_Balbi cor._ "And let _fowls_
multiply in the earth."--_Bible cor._ "Then we reached the _hillside_,
where eight _buffaloes_ were grazing."--_Martineau cor._ "CORSET, _n. a
bodice_ for a woman."--_Worcester cor._ "As, the _Bees_, the _Cees_, the
_Double-ues_."--_Peirce cor._ "Simplicity is the _mean_ between ostentation
and rusticity."--_Pope cor._ "You have disguised yourselves like
_tipstaffs_."--_Gil Bias cor._ "But who, that _has_ any taste, can endure
the incessant quick returns of the _alsoes_, and the _likewises_, and the
_moreovers_, and the _howevers_, and the _notwithstandings?_"--_Campbell
cor._

"Sometimes, in mutual sly disguise,
Let _ays_ seem _noes_, and _noes_ seem _ays_."--_Gay cor._

LESSON II.--CASES.

"For whose _name's_ sake, I have been made willing."--_Penn cor._ "Be
governed by your conscience, and never ask any _body's_ leave to be
honest."--_Collier cor._ "To overlook _nobody's_ merit or misbehaviour."--
_Id._ "And Hector at last fights his way to the stern of _Ajax's_
ship."--_Coleridge cor._ "Nothing is lazier, than to keep _one's_ eye upon
words without heeding their meaning."--_Museum cor._ "Sir William _Jones's_
division of the day."--_Id._ "I need only refer here to _Voss's_ excellent
account of it."--_Id._ "The beginning of _Stesichorus's_ palinode has been
preserved."--_Id._ "Though we have _Tibullus's_ elegies, there is not a
word in them about Glyc~era."--_Id._ "That Horace was at _Thaliarchus's_
country-house."--_Id._ "That _Sisyphus's_ foot-tub should have been still
in existence."--_Id._ "How everything went on in Horace's closet, and
_Mecenas's_ antechamber."--_Id._ "Who, for elegant _brevity's_ sake, put a
participle for a verb."--_W. Walker cor._ "The _country's_ liberty being
oppressed, we have no more to hope."--_Id._ "A brief but true account of
this _people's_ principles."--_Barclay cor._ "As, The _Church's peace_, or,
_The peace_ of the Church; Virgil's _AEneid_, or, _The AEneid_ of
Virgil."--_Brit. Gram. cor._ "As, Virgil's AEneid, for, _The_ AEneid of
Virgil; _The Church's peace_, for, _The peace_ of the Church."--_Buchanan
cor._ "Which, with Hubner's Compend, and _Well's_ Geographia Classica, will
be sufficient."--_Burgh cor._ "Witness Homer's speaking horses, scolding
goddesses, and Jupiter _enchanted_ with _Venus's_ girdle."--_Id._ "_Dr.
Watts's_ Logic may with success be read to them and commented on."--_Id._
"Potter's Greek, and Kennet's Roman Antiquities, _Strauchius's_ and
_Helvicus's_ Chronology."--_Id._ "SING. _Alice's_ friends, _Felix's_
property; PLUR. The Alices' friends, the Felixes' property."--_Peirce cor._
"Such as _Bacchus's_ company--at _Bacchus's_ festivals."--_Ainsworih cor._
"_Burns's_ inimitable _Tam o' Shanter_ turns entirely upon such a
circumstance."--_Scott cor._ "Nominative, men; Genitive, [or Possessive,]
_men's_; Objective, men."--_Cutler cor._ "_Men's_ happiness or misery is
_mostly_ of their own making."--_Locke cor._ "That your _son's clothes_ be
never made strait, especially about the breast."--_Id._ "_Children's_ minds
are narrow and weak."--_Id._ "I would not have little children much
tormented about _punctilios_, or niceties of breeding."--_Id._ "To fill his
head with suitable ideas."--_Id._ "The _Burgusdisciuses_ and the Scheiblers
did not swarm in those days, as they do now."--_Id._ "To see the various
ways of dressing--a _calf's_ head!"--_Shenstone cor._

"He puts it on, and for _decorum's_ sake
Can wear it e'en as gracefully as she."--_Cowper cor._

LESSON III.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"Simon the _wizard_ was of this religion too"--_Bunyan cor._ "MAMMODIES, n.
Coarse, plain, India muslins."--_Webster cor._ "Go on from single persons
to families, that of the _Pompeys_ for instance."--_Collier cor._ "By which
the ancients were not able to account for _phenomena_."--_Bailey cor._
"After this I married a _woman_ who had lived at Crete, but a _Jewess_ by
birth."--_Josephus cor._ "The very _heathens_ are inexcusable for not
_worshiping_ him."--_Todd cor._ "Such poems as _Camoens's_ Lusiad,
Voltaire's Henrinde, &c."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "My learned correspondent
writes a word in defence of large _scarfs_."--_Sped. cor._ "The forerunners
of an apoplexy are _dullness, vertigoes_, tremblings."--_Arbuthnot cor._"
_Vertigo_, [in Latin,] changes the _o_ into _~in=es_, making the plural
_vertig~in=es_:" [not so, in English.]--_Churchill cor._ "_Noctambulo_, [in
Latin,] changes the _o_ into _=on=es_, making the plural
_noctambul=on=es_:" [not so in English.]--_Id._ "What shall we say of
_noctambuloes?_ It is the regular English plural."--_G. Brown_. "In the
curious fretwork of rocks and _grottoes_."--_Blair cor._ "_Wharf_ makes the
plural _wharfs_, according to the best usage."--_G. Brown_. "A few _cents'_
worth of _macaroni_ supplies all their wants."--_Balbi cor._ "C sounds
hard, like _k_, at the end of a word or _syllable_."--_Blair cor._ "By
which the _virtuosoes_ try The magnitude of every lie."--_Butler cor._
"_Quartoes, octavoes_, shape the lessening pyre."--_Pope cor._ "Perching
within square royal _roofs_"--_Sidney cor._ "_Similes_ should, even in
poetry, be used with moderation."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "_Similes_ should never
be taken from low or mean objects."--_Id._ "It were certainly better to
say, '_The House of Lords_,' than, '_The Lords' House_.'"--_Murray cor._
"Read your answers. _Units_' figure? 'Five.' _Tens_'? 'Six.' _Hundreds_'?
'Seven.'"--_Abbott cor._ "Alexander conquered _Darius's_ army."--_Kirkham
cor._ "Three _days_' time was requisite, to prepare matters."--_Dr. Brown
cor._ "So we say, that _Cicero's_ style and _Sallust's_ were not one; nor
_Caesar's_ and _Livy's_; nor _Homer's_ and _Hesiod's_; nor _Herodotus's_ and
_Thucydides's_; nor _Euripides's_ and _Aristophanes's_; nor _Erasmus's_ and
_Budaeus's_."--_Puttenham cor._ "LEX (i.e., _legs_, a _law_,) is no other
than our _ancestors'_ past participle _loeg, laid down_"--_Tooke cor._
"Achaia's sons at Ilium slain for the _Atridoe's_ sake."--_Cowper cor._
"The _corpses_ of her senate manure the fields of Thessaly."--_Addison
cor._

"Poisoning, without regard of fame or fear;
And spotted _corpses_ load the frequent bier."--_Dryden cor._

CHAPTER IV.--ADJECTIVES.

CORRECTIONS IN THE FORMS OF COMPARISON, &c.

LESSON I.--DEGREES.

"I have the real excuse of the _most honest_ sort of bankrupts."--_Cowley
corrected_. "The _most honourable_ part of talk, is, to give the
occasion."--_Bacon cor._ "To give him one of the _most modest_ of his own
proverbs."--_Barclay cor._ "Our language is now, certainly, _more proper_
and more natural, than it was formerly."--_Burnet cor._ "Which will be of
the _greatest_ and _most frequent_ use to him in the world."--_Locke cor._
"The same is notified in the _most considerable_ places in the
diocese."--_Whitgift cor._ "But it was the _most dreadful_ sight that ever
I saw."--_Bunyan cor._ "Four of the _oldest_, soberest, and discreetest of
the brethren, chosen for the occasion, shall regulate it."--_Locke cor._
"Nor can there be any clear understanding of any Roman author, especially
of _more ancient_ time, without this skill."--_W. Walker cor._ "Far the
_most learned_ of the Greeks."--_Id._ "The _more learned_ thou art, the
humbler be thou."--_Id._ "He is none of the best, or _most honest_."--_Id._
"The _most proper_ methods of communicating it to others."--_Burn cor._
"What heaven's great King hath _mightiest_ to send against us."--_Milton
cor._ "Benedict is not the _most unhopeful_ husband that I
know."--_Shakspeare cor._ "That he should immediately do all the meanest
and _most trifling_ things himself."--_Ray cor._ "I shall be named among
the _most renowned_ of women."--_Milton cor._ "Those have the _most
inventive_ heads for all purposes."--_Ascham cor._ "The _more wretched_ are
the contemners of all helps."--_B. Johnson cor._ "I will now deliver a few
of the _most proper_ and _most natural_ considerations that belong to this
piece."--_Wotton cor._ "The _most mortal_ poisons practised by the _West
Indians_, have some mixture of the blood, fat, or flesh of man."--_Bacon
cor._ "He so won upon him, that he rendered him one of the _most faithful_
and _most affectionate_ allies the Medes ever had."--_Rollin cor._ "'You
see before you,' says he to him, 'the most devoted servant, and the _most
faithful_ ally, you ever had.'"--_Id._ "I chose the _most flourishing_ tree
in all the park."--_Cowley cor._ "Which he placed, I think, some centuries
_earlier_ than _did_ Julius Africanus afterwards."--_Bolingbroke cor._ "The
Tiber, the _most noted_ river of Italy."--_Littleton cor._

"To _farthest_ shores th' ambrosial spirit flies."--_Pope_.

----"That what she wills to do or say,
Seems wisest, _worthiest_, discreetest, best."--_Milton cor._

LESSON II.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"During the _first three or four_ years of its existence."--_Taylor cor._
"To the first of these divisions, my _last ten_ lectures have been
devoted."--_Adams cor._ "There are, in the twenty-four states, not _fewer_
than sixty thousand common schools."--_J. O. Taylor cor._ "I know of
nothing which gives teachers _more_ trouble, _than_ this want of
firmness."--_Id._ "I know of nothing _else_ that throws such darkness over
the line which separates right from wrong."--_Id._ "None need this purity
and _this_ simplicity of language and thought, _more than does the
instructor of a common school_."--_Id._ "I know of no _other_ periodical
that is so valuable to the teacher, as the Annals of Education."--_Id._
"Are not these schools of the highest importance? Should not every
individual feel _a deep_ interest in their character and condition?"--_Id._
"If instruction were made a _liberal_ profession, teachers would feel more
sympathy for _one an other_."--_Id._ "Nothing is _more interesting to_
children, _than_ novelty, _or_ change."--_Id._ "I know of no _other_ labour
which affords so much happiness as the teacher's."--_Id._ "Their school
exercises are the most pleasant and agreeable _duties_, that they engage
in."--_Id._ "I know of no exercise _more_ beneficial to the pupil _than_
that of drawing maps."--_Id._ "I know of nothing in which our district
schools are _more_ defective, _than_ they are in the art of teaching
grammar."--_Id._ "I know of _no other branch of knowledge_, so easily
acquired as history."--_Id._ "I know of _no other school exercise_ for
which pupils usually have such an abhorrence, as _for_ composition."--_Id._
"There is nothing _belonging to_ our fellow-men, which we should respect
_more sacredly than_ their good name."--_Id._ "_Surely_, never any _other
creature_ was so unbred as that odious man."--_Congreve cor._ "In the
dialogue between the mariner and the shade of the _deceased_."--_Phil.
Museum cor._ "These master-works would still be less excellent and
_finished_."--_Id._ "Every attempt to staylace the language of _polished_
conversation, renders our phraseology inelegant and clumsy."--_Id._ "Here
are a few of the _most unpleasant_ words that ever blotted
paper."--_Shakespeare cor._ "With the most easy _and obliging_
transitions."--_Broome cor._ "Fear is, of all affections, the _least apt_
to admit any conference with reason."--_Hooker cor._ "Most chymists think
glass a body _less destructible_ than gold itself."--_Boyle cor._ "To part
with _unhacked_ edges, and bear back our barge undinted."--_Shak. cor._
"Erasmus, who was an _unbigoted_ Roman Catholic, was transported with this
passage."--_Addison cor._ "There are no _fewer_ than five words, with any
of which the sentence might have terminated."--_Campbell cor._ "The _ones_
preach Christ of contention; but the _others_, of love." Or, "The _one
party_ preach," &c.--_Bible cor._ "Hence we find less discontent and
_fewer_ heart-burnings, than where the subjects are unequally
burdened."--_H. Home, Ld. Kames, cor._

"The serpent, _subtlest_ beast of all the field."
--_Milton, P. L._, B. ix, l. 86.

"Thee, Serpent, _subtlest_ beast of all the field,
I knew, but not with human voice indued."
--_Id., P. L._, B. ix, l. 560.

"How much more grievous would our lives appear.
To reach th' _eight-hundredth_, than the eightieth year!"
--_Denham cor._

LESSON III.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"Brutus engaged with Aruns; and so fierce was the attack, that they pierced
_each other_ at the same time."--_Lempriere cor._ "Her two brothers were,
one after _the other_, turned into stone."--_Kames cor._ "Nouns are often
used as adjectives; as, A _gold_ ring, a _silver_ cup."--_Lennie cor._
"Fire and water destroy _each other_"--_Wanostrocht cor._ "Two negatives,
in English, destroy _each other_, or are equivalent to an
affirmative."--_Lowth, Murray, et al. cor._ "Two negatives destroy _each
other_, and are generally equivalent to an affirmative."--_Kirkham and
Felton cor._ "Two negatives destroy _each other_, and make an
affirmative."--_Flint cor._ "Two negatives destroy _each other_, being
equivalent to an affirmative."--_Frost cor._ "Two objects, resembling _each
other_, are presented to the imagination."--_Parker cor._ "Mankind, in
order to hold converse with _one an other_, found it necessary to give
names to objects."--_Kirkham cor._ "_Derivative_ words are _formed_ from
_their primitives_ in various ways."--_Cooper cor._ "There are many
_different_ ways of deriving words _one from an other_."--_Murray cor._
"When several verbs _have a joint construction_ in a sentence, the
auxiliary is usually _expressed_ with the first _only_."--_Frost cor._ "Two
or more verbs, having the same nominative case, and _coming in immediate
succession_, are also separated by _the comma_."--_Murray et al. cor._ "Two
or more adverbs, _coming in immediate succession_, must be separated by
_the comma_."--_Iidem_. "If, however, the _two_ members are very closely
connected, the comma is _unnecessary_."--_Iidem_. "Gratitude, when exerted
towards _others_, naturally produces a very pleasing sensation in the mind
of a _generous_ man."--_L. Murray cor._ "Several verbs in the infinitive
mood, _coming in succession_, and having a common dependence, are also
divided by commas."--_Comly cor._ "The several words of which it consists,
have so near a relation _one to an other_."--_Murray et al. cor._ "When two
or more verbs, or two or more adverbs,[528] _occur in immediate
succession_, and have a common dependence, they must be separated by _the
comma_."--_Comly cor._ "_One noun_ frequently _follows an other_, both
meaning the same thing."--_Sanborn cor._ "And these two tenses may thus
answer _each other_."--_R. Johnson cor._ "Or some other relation which two
objects bear to _each other_."--_Jamieson cor._ "That the heathens
tolerated _one an other_ is allowed."--_A. Fuller cor._ "And yet these two
persons love _each other_ tenderly."--_E. Reader cor._ "In the six
_hundred_ and first year."--_Bible cor._ "Nor is this arguing of his, _any
thing_ but a _reiterated_ clamour."--_Barclay cor._ "In _several_ of them
the inward life of Christianity is to be found."--_Ib._ "Though Alvarez,
_Despauter_, and _others, do not allow it_ to be plural."--_R. Johnson
cor._ "Even the most _dissipated_ and shameless blushed at the
sight."--_Lempriere cor._ "We feel a _higher_ satisfaction in surveying the
life of animals, _than_ [_in contemplating_] that of vegetables."--
_Jamieson cor._ "But this man is so _full-fraught_ with malice."--_Barclay
cor._ "That I suggest some things concerning the _most proper_
means."--_Dr. Blair cor._

"So, hand in hand, they passed, the loveliest pair
That ever _yet_ in love's embraces met."--_Milton cor._

"Aim at _supremacy_; without _such height_,
Will be for thee no sitting, or not long."--_Id. cor._

CHAPTER V.--PRONOUNS.

CORRECTIONS IN THE FORMS AND USES OF PRONOUNS.

LESSON I.--RELATIVES.

"_While_ we attend to this pause, every appearance of _singsong_ must be
carefully avoided."--_Murray cor._ "For thou shalt go to all _to whom_ I
shall send thee."--_Bible cor._ "Ah! how happy would it have been for me,
had I spent in retirement these twenty-three years _during which_ I have
possessed my kingdom."--_Sanborn cor._ "In the same manner _in which_
relative pronouns and their antecedents are usually parsed."--_Id._ "Parse
or _explain_ all the other nouns _contained_ in the examples, _after the
very_ manner _of_ the word _which is parsed for you_."--_Id._ "The passive
verb will always _have_ the person and number that _belong_ to the verb
_be_, of which it is in part composed."--_Id._ "You have been taught that a
verb must always _agree in_ person and number _with_ it subject or
nominative."--_Id._ "A relative pronoun, also, must always _agree in_
person, _in_ number, and even _in_ gender, _with_ its antecedent."--_Id._
"The _answer_ always _agrees_ in case _with the pronoun_ which asks the
question."--_Id._ "_One_ sometimes represents an antecedent noun, in the
definite manner of a personal pronoun." [529]--_Id._ "The mind, being
carried forward to the time _at which the_ event _is to happen_, easily
conceives it to be present." "SAVE and SAVING are [_seldom to be_] parsed
in the manner _in which_ EXCEPT and EXCEPTING are [commonly
explained]."--_Id._ "Adverbs qualify _verbs_, or modify _their_ meaning,
_as_ adjectives _qualify_ nouns [and describe things.]"--_Id._ "The third
person singular of verbs, _terminates in s_ or _es, like_ the plural number
of nouns."--_Id._ "He saith further: that, 'The apostles did not baptize
anew such persons _as_ had been baptized with the baptism of
John.'"--_Barclay cor._ "For we _who_ live,"--or, "For we _that are
alive_, are always delivered unto death for Jesus' sake."--_Bible cor._
"For they _who_ believe in God, must be careful to maintain good
works."--_Barclay cor._ "Nor yet of those _who_ teach things _that_ they
ought not, for filthy lucre's sake."--_Id._ "So as to hold such bound in
heaven _as_ they bind on earth, and such loosed in heaven _as_ they loose
on earth."--_Id._ "Now, if it be an evil, to do any thing out of strife;
then such things _as_ are seen so to be done, are they not to be avoided
and forsaken?"--_Id._ "All such _as_ do not satisfy themselves with the
superfices of religion."--_Id._ "And he is the same in substance, _that_ he
was upon earth,--_the same_ in spirit, soul, and body."--_Id._ "And those
that do not thus, are such, _as_ the Church of Rome can have no charity
_for_." Or: "And those that do not thus, are _persons toward_ whom the
Church of Rome can have no charity."--_Id._ "Before his book, he _places_ a
great list of _what_ he accounts the blasphemous assertions of the
Quakers."--_Id._ "And this is _what_ he should have proved."--_Id._ "Three
of _whom_ were at that time actual students of philosophy in the
university."--_Id._ "Therefore it is not lawful for any _whomsoever_ * * *
to force the consciences of others."--_Id._ "_Why were_ the former days
better than these?"--_Bible cor._ "In the same manner _in which_"--or,
better, "_Just as_--the term _my_ depends on the name _books_."--_Peirce
cor._ "_Just as_ the term HOUSE depends on the [preposition _to_,
understood after the _adjective_] NEAR."--_Id._ "James died on the day _on
which_ Henry returned."--_Id._

LESSON II.--DECLENSIONS.

"OTHER makes the plural OTHERS, when it is found without _its_
substantive."--_Priestley cor._ "But _his, hers, ours, yours_, and
_theirs_, have evidently the form of the possessive case."--_Lowth cor._
"To the Saxon possessive cases, _hire, ure, eower, hira_, (that is, _hers,
ours, yours, theirs_,) we have added the _s_, the characteristic of the
possessive case of nouns."--_Id._ "Upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord,
both _theirs_ and _ours_."--_Friends cor._ "In this place, _His_ is clearly
preferable either to _Her_ or _to Its_."--_Harris cor._ "That roguish leer
of _yours_ makes a pretty woman's heart _ache_."--_Addison cor._ "Lest by
any means this liberty of _yours_ become a stumbling-block."--_Bible cor._
"First person: Sing. I, _my or_ mine, me; Plur. we, _our or ours_,
us."--_Wilbur and Livingston cor._ "Second person: Sing, thou, _thy or_
thine, thee; Plur. ye or you, _your or yours_, you."--_Iid._ "Third person:
Sing, she, _her or hers_, her; Plur. they, _their or theirs_,
them."--_Iid._ "So shall ye serve strangers in a land that is not
_yours_."--ALGER, BRUCE, ET AL.; _Jer._, v, 19. "Second person, Singular:
Nom. _thou_, Poss. _thy_ or _thine_, Obj. _thee_."--_Frost cor._ "Second
person, Dual; Nom. Gyt, ye two; Gen. Incer, of _you_ two; Dat. Inc, incrum,
to _you_ two; Acc. Inc, _you_ two; Voc. Eala inc, O ye two; Abl. Inc,
incrum, from _you_ two."--_Gwilt cor._ "Second person, Plural: Nom. Ge, ye;
Gen. Eower, of _you_; Dat. Eow, to _you_; Acc. Eow, _you_; Voc Eala ge, O
ye; Abl. Eow, from _you_."--_Id._ "These words are, _mine, thine, his,
hers, ours, yours, theirs_, and _whose_."--_Cardell cor._ "This house is
_ours_, and that is _yours. Theirs_ is very commodious."--_Murray's Gram._,
p. 55. "And they shall eat up _thy_ harvest, and thy bread; they shall eat
up thy flocks and _thy_ herds."--_Bible cor._ "_Whoever_ and _Whichever_
are thus declined: Sing. Nom. whoever, Poss. _whosever_, Obj. whomever;
Plur. Nom. whoever, Poss. _whosever_, Obj. whomever. Sing. Nom. whichever,
Poss. (_wanting_,) Obj. whichever; Plur. Nom. whichever, Poss. (_wanting_,)
Obj. whichever."--_Cooper cor._ "The compound personal pronouns are thus
declined: Sing. Nom. myself, Poss. (_wanting_,) Obj. myself; Plur. Nom.
ourselves, Poss. (_wanting_,) Obj. ourselves. Sing. Nom. thyself or
yourself, Poss. (_wanting_,) Obj. thyself, &c."--_Perley cor._ "Every one
of us, each for _himself_, laboured to recover him."--_Sidney cor._ "Unless
when ideas of their opposites manifestly suggest _themselves_."--_Wright
cor._ "It not only exists in time, but is _itself_ time." "A position which
the action _itself_ will palpably _confute_."--_Id._ "A difficulty
sometimes presents _itself_."--_Id._ "They are sometimes explanations in
_themselves_."--_Id._ "_Ours, Yours, Theirs, Hers, Its_."--_Barrett cor._

"_Theirs_, the wild _chase_ of false felicities;
His, the composed possession of the true."
--_Young, N. Th._, N. viii, l. 1100.

LESSON III.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"It is the boast of Americans, without distinction of parties, that their
government is the most free and perfect _that_ exists on the earth."--_Dr.
Allen cor._ "Children _that_ are dutiful to their parents, enjoy great
prosperity."--_Sanborn cor._ "The scholar _that_ improves his time, sets an
example worthy of imitation."--_Id._ "Nouns and pronouns _that_ signify the
same person, place, or thing, agree in case."--_Cooper cor._ "An
interrogative sentence is one _that_ asks a question."--_Id._ "In the use
of words and phrases _that_ in point of time relate to each other, _the
order of time_ should be _duly regarded_."--_Id._ "The same observations
_that show_ the effect of the article _upon_ the participle, appear to be
applicable [also] to the pronoun and participle."--_Murray cor._ "The
reason _why_ they have not the same use of them in reading, may be traced
to the very defective and erroneous method in which the art of reading is
taught."--_Id._ "_Ever since_ reason began to exert her powers, thought,
during our waking hours, has been active in every breast, without a
moment's suspension or pause."--_Id. et al. cor._ "In speaking of _such as_
greatly delight in the same."--_Pope cor._ "Except _him to whom_ the king
shall hold out the golden sceptre, that he may live."--_Bible cor._ "But
the same day _on which_ Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone
from heaven, and destroyed them all."--_Bible cor._ "In the next place, I
will explain several _constructions_ of nouns and pronouns, _that_ have not
yet come under our notice."--_Kirkham cor._ "Three natural distinctions of
time are all _that_ can exist."--_Hall cor._ "We have exhibited such only
as are obviously distinct; and _these_ seem to be sufficient, and not more
than sufficient."--_Murray et al. cor._ "_The parenthesis_ encloses a
_phrase or clause that_ may be omitted without materially injuring the
connexion of the other members."--_Hall cor._ "Consonants are letters
_that_ cannot be sounded without the aid of a vowel."--_Bucke cor._ "Words
are not _mere_ sounds, but sounds _that_ convey a meaning to the
mind."--_Id._ "Nature's postures are always easy; and, _what_ is more,
nothing but your own will can put you out of them."--_Collier cor._
"Therefore ought we to examine our _own selves_, and prove our _own
selves_."--_Barclay cor._ "Certainly, it had been much more natural, to
have divided Active verbs into _Immanent_, or _those whose_ action is
terminated _within itself_, and _Transient_, or _those whose_ action is
terminated in something without _itself_."--_R. Johnson cor._ "This is such
an advantage _as_ no other lexicon will afford."--_Dr. Taylor cor._ "For
these reasons, such liberties are taken in the Hebrew tongue, with those
words _which_ are of the most general and frequent use."--_Pike cor._
"_While_ we object to the _laws which_ the antiquarian in language would
impose on us, we must _also_ enter our protest against those _authors who_
are too fond of innovations."--_L. Murray cor._

CHAPTER VI.--VERBS.

CORRECTIONS IN THE FORMS OF VERBS.

LESSON I.--PRETERITS.

"In speaking on a matter which _touched_ their hearts."--_Phil. Museum
cor._ "Though Horace _published_ it some time after."--_Id._ "The best
subjects with which the Greek models _furnished_ him."--_Id._ "Since he
_attached_ no thought to it."--_Id._ "By what slow steps the Greek alphabet
_reached_ its perfection."--_Id._ "Because Goethe _wished_ to erect an
affectionate memorial."--_Id._ "But the Saxon forms soon _dropped_
away."--_Id._ "It speaks of all the towns that _perished_ in the age of
Philip."--_Id._ "This _enriched_ the written language with new
words."--_Id._ "He merely _furnished_ his friend with matter for
laughter."--_Id._ "A cloud arose, and _stopped_ the light."--_Swift cor._
"She _slipped_ spadillo in her breast."--_Id._ "I _guessed_ the
hand."--_Id._ "The tyrant _stripped_ me to the skin; My skin he _flayed_,
my hair he _cropped_; At head and foot my body _lopped_."--_Id._ "I see the
greatest owls in you, That ever _screeched_ or ever flew."--_Id._ "I _sat_
with delight, From morning till night."--_Id._ "Dick nimbly _skipped_ the
gutter."--_Id._ "In at the pantry door this morn I _slipped_."--_Id._"
Nobody living ever _touched_ me, but you."--_W. Walker cor._ "_Present_, I
ship; _Preterit_, I shipped; _Perf. Participle_, shipped."--_A. Murray
cor._ "Then the king arose, and _tore_ his garments."--_Bible cor._ "When
he _lifted_ up his foot, he knew not where he should set it next."--_Bunyan
cor._ "He _lifted_ up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one
time."--_Bible cor._ "Upon this chaos _rode_ the distressed ark."--_Burnet
cor._ "On whose foolish honesty, my practices _rode_ easy."--_Shakspeare
cor._ "That form of the first or primogenial Earth, which _rose_
immediately out of chaos."--_Burnet cor._ "Sir, how _came_ it, you have
_helped_ to make this rescue?"--_Shak. cor._ "He _swore_ he _would_ rather
lose all his father's images, than that table."--_Peacham cor._ "When our
language _dropped_ its ancient terminations."--_Dr. Murray cor._ "When
themselves they _vilified_."--_Milton cor._ "But I _chose_ rather to do
thus."--_Barclay cor._ "When he _pleaded_ (or _pled_) against the
parsons."--_Hist. cor._ "And he that saw it, _bore_ record." Or: "And he
that saw it, _bare_ record."--_John_, xix, 35. "An irregular verb has one
more variation; as, drive, drivest, [_driveth_,] drives, drove, _drovest_,
driving, driven."--_Matt. Harrison cor._ "Beside that village, Hannibal
_pitched_ his camp."--_W. Walker cor._ "He _fetched_ it from
Tmolus."--_Id._ "He _supped_ with his morning-gown on."--_Id._ "There
_stamped_ her sacred name."--_Barlow cor._

"_Fix'd_[530] on the view the great discoverer stood;
And thus _address'd_ the messenger of good."--_Barlow cor._

LESSON II.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"Three freemen _were on trial_"--or, "_were receiving their trial_--at the
date of our last information."--_Editor cor._ "While the house _was
building_, many of the tribe arrived."--_Cox cor._ "But a foundation has
been laid in Zion, and the church _is built_--(or, _continues to be
built_--) upon it."--_The Friend cor._ "And one fourth of the people are
_receiving education_."--_E. I. Mag. cor._ "The present [_tense_,] or that
[_form of the verb_] which [_expresses what_] is now _doing_."--_Beck cor._
"A new church, called the Pantheon, is _about_ being completed, in an
expensive style."--_Thompson cor._ "When I last saw him, he _had_ grown
considerably."--_Murray cor._ "I know what a rugged and dangerous path I
_have_ got into."--_Duncan cor._ "You _might_ as _well_ preach ease to one
on the rack."--_Locke cor._ "Thou hast heard me, and _hast_ become my
salvation."--_Bible cor._ "While the Elementary Spelling-Book _was
preparing_ (or, _was in progress of preparation_) for the press."--_Cobb
cor._ "Language _has_ become, in modern times, more correct."--_Jamieson
cor._ "If the plan _has_ been executed in any measure answerable to the
author's wishes."--_Robbins cor._ "The vial of wrath is still _pouring_ out
on the seat of the beast."--_Christian Ex. cor._ "Christianity _had_ become
the generally-adopted and established religion of the whole Roman
Empire."--_Gurney cor._ "Who wrote before the first century _had_
elapsed."--_Id._ "The original and analogical form _has_ grown quite
obsolete."--_Lowth cor._ "Their love, and their hatred, and their envy,
_have_ perished."--_Murray cor._ "The poems _had_ got abroad, and _were_ in
a great many hands."--_Waller cor._ "It is more harmonious, as well as more
correct, to say, 'The bubble _is ready to burst._'"--_Cobbett cor._ "I
_drove_ my suitor from his mad humour of love."--_Shak. cor._ "Se viriliter
expedivit."--_Cic._ "He _has played_ the man."--_Walker cor._ "Wilt thou
kill me, as thou _didst_ the Egyptian yesterday?"--_Bible cor._ "And we,
_methought_, [or _thought I_] looked up to him from our hill"--_Cowley
cor._ "I fear thou _dost_ not think _so_ much of _the_ best things as thou
_ought_."--_Memoir cor._ "When this work was commenced."--_Wright cor._
"Exercises and _a_ Key to this work are _about_ being prepared."--_Id._
"James is loved by John."--_Id._ "Or that which is exhibited."--_Id._ "He
was smitten."--_Id._ "In the passive _voice_ we say, 'I am loved.'"--_Id._
"Subjunctive Mood: If I _be_ smitten, If thou _be_ smitten, If he _be_
smitten."--_Id._ "I _shall_ not be able to convince you how superficial the
reformation is."--_Chalmers cor._ "I said to myself, I _shall_ be obliged
to expose the folly."--_Chazotte cor._ "When Clodius, had he meant to
return that day to Rome, must have arrived."--_J. Q. Adams cor._ "That the
fact has been done, _is doing_, or will be done."--_Peirce cor._ "Am I _to
be_ instructed?"--_Wright cor._ "I _choose_ him."--_Id._ "John, who
_respected_ his father, was obedient to his commands."--_Barrett cor._

"The region _echoes_ to the clash of arms."--_Beattie cor._

"And _sitst_ on high, and mak'st creation's top
Thy footstool; and _beholdst_ below thee--all."--_Pollok cor._

"And see if thou _canst_ punish sin and let
Mankind go free. Thou _failst_--be not surprised."--_Idem._

LESSON III--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"What follows, _might better have been_ wanting altogether."--_Dr. Blair
cor._ "This member of the sentence _might_ much better have been omitted
altogether."--_Id._ "One or _the_ other of them, therefore, _might_ better
have been omitted."--_Id._ "The whole of this last member of the sentence
_might_ better have been dropped."--_Id._ "In this case, they _might_ much
better be omitted."--_Id._ "He _might_ better have said 'the
_productions_.'"--_Id._ "The Greeks _ascribed_ the origin of poetry to
Orpheus, Linus, and Musaeus."--_Id._ "It _was_ noticed long ago, that all
these fictitious names have the same number of syllables."--_Phil. Museum
cor._ "When I found that he had committed nothing worthy of death, I
_determined_ to send him."--_Bible cor._ "I _would_ rather be a doorkeeper
in the house of my God."--_Id._ "As for such, I wish the Lord _would open_
their eyes." Or, better: "_May_ the Lord _open_ (or, I _pray_ the Lord _to_
open) their eyes."--_Barclay cor._ "It would _have_ made our _passage_ over
the river very difficult."--_Walley cor._ "We should not _have_ been able
to _carry_ our great guns."--_Id._ "Others would _have_ questioned our
prudence, if _we_ had."--_Id._ "Beware thou _be_ not BECAESARED; i.e.,
Beware that thou _do_ not dwindle--or, _lest thou dwindle_--into a mere
Caesar."--_Harris cor._ "Thou _raisedst_ (or, familiarly, thou _raised_) thy
voice to record the stratagems of needy heroes."--_Arbuthnot cor._ "Life
_hurries_ off apace; thine is almost _gone_ already."--_Collier cor._ "'How
unfortunate has this accident made me!' _cries_ such a one."--_Id._ "The
muse that soft and sickly _woos_ the ear."--_Pollok cor._ "A man _might_
better relate himself to a statue."--_Bacon cor._ "I heard thee say but
now, thou _liked_ not that."--_Shak. cor._ "In my whole course of wooing,
thou _criedst_, (or, familiarly, thou _cried_,) _Indeed!_"--_Id._ "But our
ears _have_ grown familiar with '_I have wrote_, '_I have drank_,' &c.,
which are altogether as ungrammatical."--_Lowth et al. cor._ "The court was
_in session_ before Sir Roger came"--_Addison cor._ "She _needs_--(or, if
you please, _need_,--) be no more with the jaundice _possessed_"--_Swift
cor._ "Besides, you found fault with our victuals one day _when_ you _were_
here."--_Id._ "If spirit of other sort, So minded, _hath_ (or _has_)
o'erleaped these earthy bounds."--_Milton cor._ "It _would_ have been more
rational to have _forborne_ this."--_Barclay cor._ "A student is not master
of it till he _has_ seen all these."--_Dr. Murray cor._ "The said justice
shall _summon_ the party."--_Brevard cor._ "Now what _has_ become of thy
former wit and humour?"--_Spect. cor._ "Young stranger, whither _wanderst_
thou?"--_Burns cor._ "SUBJ. _Pres._ If I love, If thou _love_, If he love.
_Imp._ If I loved, If thou _loved_, If he loved."--_Merchant cor._ "SUBJ.
If I do not love, If thou _do_ not love, If he _do_ not love."--_Id._ "If
he _has_ committed sins, they shall be forgiven him."--_Bible cor._
"Subjunctive Mood of the verb _to call_, second person singular: If thou
_call_, (rarely, If thou _do call_,) If thou _called_."--_Hiley cor._
"Subjunctive Mood of the verb _to love_, second person singular: If thou
love, (rarely, If thou do love,) If thou _loved_."--_Bullions cor._ "I was;
thou wast; he, she, or it, was: We, you or ye, they, were."--_White cor._
"I taught, thou _taughtest_, (familiarly, thou _taught_,) he taught."--
_Coar cor._ "We say, '_If it rain,' 'Suppose it rain?' 'Lest it rain,'
'Unless it rain._' This manner of speaking is called the SUBJUNCTIVE
MOOD."--_Weld cor._ "He _has_ arrived at what is deemed the age of
manhood."--_Priestley cor._ "He _might_ much better have let it
alone."--_Tooke cor._ "He were better without it. Or: He _would be better_
without it."--_Locke cor._ "_Hadst_ thou not been by. Or: _If_ thou _hadst_
not been by. Or, in the familiar style: _Had_ not thou been by,"--_Shak.
cor._ "I learned geography. Thou _learned arithmetic_. He learned
grammar."--_Fuller cor._ "Till the sound _has_ ceased."--_Sheridan cor._
"Present, die; Preterit, died; Perf. Participle, _died_."--_Six English
Grammars corrected_.

"Thou _bow'dst_ thy glorious head to none, _fear'dst_ none." Or:--
"Thou _bowed_ thy glorious head to none, _feared_ none."
--_Pollok cor._

"Thou _lookst_ upon thy boy as though thou _guess'd_ it."
--_Knowles cor._

"As once thou _slept_, while she to life was formed."
--_Milton cor._

"Who finds the partridge in the puttock's nest,
But may imagine how the bird was _killed?_"
--_Shak. cor._

"Which might have well _become_ the best of men."
--_Idem cor._

CHAPTER VII.--PARTICIPLES.

CORRECTIONS IN THE FORMS OF PARTICIPLES.

LESSON I.--IRREGULARS.

"Many of your readers have _mistaken_ that passage."--_Steele cor._ "Had
not my dog of a steward _run_ away."--_Addison cor._ "None should be
admitted, except he had _broken_ his collarbone thrice."--_Id._ "We could
not know what was _written_ at twenty."--_Waller cor._ "I have _written_,
thou hast _written_, he has _written_; we have _written_, you have
_written_, they have _written_."--_Ash cor._ "As if God had _spoken_ his
last words there to his people."--_Barclay cor._ "I had like to have _come_
in that ship myself."--_Observer cor._ "Our ships and vessels being
_driven_ out of the harbour by a storm."--_Hutchinson cor._ "He will
endeavour to write as the ancient author would have _written_, had he
_written_ in the same language."--_Bolingbroke cor._ "When his doctrines
grew too strong to be _shaken_ by his enemies."--_Atterbury cor._ "The
immortal mind that hath _forsaken_ her mansion."--_Milton cor._ "Grease
that's _sweated_ (or _sweat_) from the murderer's gibbet, throw into the
flame."--_Shak. cor._ "The court also was _chidden_ (or _chid_) for
allowing such questions to be put."--_Stone cor._ "He would have
_spoken_."--_Milton cor._ "Words _interwoven_ (or _interweaved_) with sighs
found out their way."--_Id._ "Those kings and potentates who have _strived_
(or _striven_.)"--_Id._ "That even Silence was _taken_."--_Id._ "And
envious Darkness, ere they could return, had _stolen_ them from
me."--_Id._ "I have _chosen_ this perfect man."--_Id._ "I _shall scarcely_
think you have _swum_ in a gondola."--_Shak. cor._ "The fragrant brier was
_woven_ (or _weaved_) between."--_Dryden cor._ "Then finish what you have
_begun_."--_Id._ "But now the years a numerous train have _run_."--_Pope
cor._ "Repeats your verses _written_ (or _writ_) on glasses."--_Prior cor._
"Who by turns have _risen_."--_Id._ "Which from great authors I have
taken."--_Id._ "Even there he should have _fallen_."--_Id._

"The sun has _ris'n_, and gone to bed.
Just as if Partridge were not dead."--_Swift cor._

"And, though no marriage words are _spoken_,
They part not till the ring is _broken_."--_Swift cor._

LESSON II.--REGULARS.

"When the word is _stripped_ of all the terminations."--_Dr. Murray cor._
"Forgive him, Tom; his head is _cracked_."--_Swift cor._ "For 'tis the
sport, to have the engineer _hoised_ (or _hoisted_) with his own
petar."--_Shak. cor._ "As great as they are, I was _nursed_ by their
mother."--_Swift cor._ "If he should now be _cried_ down since his
change."--_Id. "Dipped_ over head and ears--in debt."--_Id._ "We see the
nation's credit _cracked_."--_Id._ "Because they find their pockets
_picked_."--_Id._ "O what a pleasure _mixed_ with pain!"--_Id._ "And only
with her brother _linked_."--_Id._ "Because he ne'er a thought allowed,
That might not be _confessed_."--_Id._ "My love to Sheelah is more firmly
_fixed_."--_Id._ "The observations _annexed_ to them will be
intelligible."--_Phil. Mus. cor._ "Those eyes are always _fixed_ on the
general principles."--_Id._ "Laborious conjectures will be _banished_ from
our commentaries."--_Id._ "Tiridates was dethroned, and Phraates was
_reestablished_, in his stead."--_Id._ "A Roman who was _attached_ to
Augustus."--_Id._ "Nor should I have spoken of it, unless Baxter had
_talked_ about two such."--_Id._ "And the reformers of language have
generally _rushed_ on."--_Id._ "Three centuries and a half had then
_elapsed_ since the date,"--_Ib._ "Of such criteria, as has been _remarked_
already, there is an abundance."--_Id._ "The English have _surpassed_ every
other nation in their services."--_Id._ "The party _addressed_ is next in
dignity to the speaker."--_Harris cor._ "To which we are many times
_helped_."--_W. Walker cor._ "But for him, I should have _looked_ well
enough to myself."--_Id._ "Why are you _vexed_, Lady? why do
frown?"--_Milton cor._ "Obtruding false rules _pranked_ in reason's
garb."--_Id._ "But, like David _equipped_ in Saul's armour, it is
encumbered and oppressed."--_Campbell cor._

"And when their merchants are blown up, and _cracked_,
Whole towns are cast away in storms, and _wrecked_."--_Butler cor._

LESSON III.--MIXED EXAMPLES.

"The lands are _held_ in free and common soccage."--_Trumbull cor._ "A
stroke is _drawn_ under such words."--_Cobbett's Gr._, 1st Ed. "It is
_struck_ even, with a strickle."--_W. Walker cor._ "Whilst I was
_wandering_, without any care, beyond my bounds."--_Id._ "When one would do
something, unless _hindered_ by something present."--_B. Johnson cor._ "It
is used potentially, but not so as to be _rendered_ by these signs."--_Id._
"Now who would dote upon things _hurried_ down the stream thus
fast?"--_Collier cor._ "Heaven hath timely _tried_ their growth."--_Milton
cor._ "O! ye mistook, ye should have _snatched_ his wand."--_Id._ "Of true
virgin here _distressed_."--_Id._ "So that they have at last come to be
_substituted_ in the stead of it."--_Barclay cor._ "Though ye have _lain_
among the pots."--_Bible cor._ "And, lo! in her mouth was an olive leaf
_plucked_ off."--_Scott's Bible, and Alger's_. "Brutus and Cassius _Have
ridden_, (or _rode_,) like madmen, through the gates of Rome."--_Shak.
cor._ "He shall be _spit upon_."--_Bible cor._ "And are not the countries
so _overflowed_ still _situated_ between the tropics?"--_Bentley_. "Not
_tricked_ and _frounced_ as she was wont, But _kerchiefed_ in a comely
cloud."--_Milton cor._ "To satisfy his rigour, _Satisfied_ never."--_Id._
"With him there _crucified_."--_Id._ "Th' earth cumbered, and the wing'd
air _darked_ with plumes."--_Id._ "And now their way to Earth they had
_descried_."--_Id._ "Not so thick swarmed once the soil _Bedropped_ with
blood of Gorgon."--_Id._ "And in a troubled sea of passion
_tossed_."--_Id._ "The cause, alas! is quickly _guessed_."--_Swift cor._
"The kettle to the top was _hoised_, or _hoisted_."--_Id._ "In chains thy
syllables are _linked_."--_Id._ "Rather than thus be _overtopped_, Would
you not wish their laurels _cropped_."--_Id._ "The HYPHEN, or CONJOINER, is
a little line _drawn_ to connect words, or parts of words."--_Cobbett cor._
"In the other manners of dependence, this general rule is sometimes
_broken_."--_R. Johnson cor._ "Some intransitive verbs may be rendered
transitive by means of a preposition _prefixed_ to them."--_Grant cor._
"Whoever now should place the accent on the first syllable of _Valerius_,
would set every body _a laughing_."--_J. Walker cor._ "Being mocked,
scourged, _spit upon_, and crucified."--_Gurney cor._

"For rhyme in Greece or Rome was never known,
Till _barb'rous hordes those states had overthrown_."--_Roscommon cor._

"In my own Thames may I be _drowned_,
If e'er I stoop beneath _the crowned_." Or thus:--
"In my own Thames may I be _drown'd dead_,
If e'er I stoop beneath a crown'd head."--_Swift cor._

CHAPTER VIII.--ADVERBS.

CORRECTIONS RESPECTING THE FORMS OF ADVERBS.

"We can much _more easily_ form the conception of a fierce combat."--_Blair
corrected_. "When he was restored _agreeably_ to the treaty, he was a
perfect savage."--_Webster cor._ "How I shall acquit myself _suitably_ to
the importance of the trial."--_Duncan cor._ "Can any thing show your
Holiness how _unworthily_ you treat mankind?"--_Spect. cor._ "In what
other, _consistently_ with reason and common sense, can you go about to
explain it to him?"--_Lowth cor._ "_Agreeably_ to this rule, the short
vowel Sheva has two characters."--_Wilson cor._ "We shall give a
_remarkably_ fine example of this figure."--See _Blair's Rhet._, p. 156.
"All of which is most _abominably_ false."--_Barclay cor._ "He heaped up
great riches, but passed his time _miserably_."--_Murray cor._ "He is never
satisfied with expressing any thing clearly and _simply_."--_Dr. Blair
cor._ "Attentive only to exhibit his ideas _clearly_ and _exactly_, he
appears dry."--_Id._ "Such words as have the most liquids and vowels, glide
the _most softly_." Or: "Where liquids and vowels most abound, the
utterance is softest."--_Id._ "The simplest points, such as are _most
easily_ apprehended."--_Id._ "Too historical to be accounted a _perfectly_
regular epic poem."--_Id._ "Putting after them the oblique case,
_agreeably_ to the French construction."--_Priestley cor._ "Where the train
proceeds with an _extremely_ slow pace."--_Kames cor._ "So as _scarcely_ to
give an appearance of succession."--_Id._ "That concord between sound and
sense, which is perceived in some expressions, _independently_ of artful
pronunciation."--_Id._ "Cornaro had become very corpulent, _previously_ to
the adoption of his temperate habits."--_Hitchcock cor._ "Bread, which is a
solid, and _tolerably_ hard, substance."--_Day cor._ "To command every body
that was not dressed as _finely_ as himself."--_Id._ "Many of them have
_scarcely_ outlived their authors."--_J. Ward cor._ "Their labour, indeed,
did not penetrate very _deeply_."--_Wilson cor._ "The people are
_miserably_ poor, and subsist on fish."--_Hume cor._ "A scale, which I took
great pains, some years _ago_, to make."--_Bucke cor._ "There is no truth
on earth _better_ established _than_ the truth of the Bible."--_Taylor
cor._ "I know of no work _more_ wanted _than_ the one _which_ Mr. Taylor
has now furnished."--_Dr. Nott cor._ "And therefore their requests are
_unfrequent_ and reasonable."--_Taylor cor._ "Questions are _more easily_
proposed, than answered rightly."--_Dillwyn cor._ "Often reflect on the
advantages you possess, and on the source _from which_ they are all
derived."--_Murray cor._ "If there be no special rule which requires it to
be put _further forward_."--_Milnes cor._ "The masculine and _the_ neuter
have the same dialect in all _the_ numbers, especially when they end
_alike_."--_Id._

"And children are more busy in their play
Than those that _wiseliest_ pass their time away."--_Butler cor._

CHAPTER IX.--CONJUNCTIONS.

CORRECTIONS IN THE USE OF CONJUNCTIONS.

"A _Verb_ is so called from the Latin _verbum_, a word."--_Bucke cor._
"References are often marked by letters _or_ figures."--_Adam and Gould
cor._ (1.) "A Conjunction is a word which joins words _or_ sentences
together."--_Lennie, Bullions and Brace, cor._ (2.) "A Conjunction is used
to connect words _or_ sentences together."--_R. C. Smith cor._ (3.) "A
Conjunction is used to connect words _or_ sentences."--_Maunder cor._ (4.)
"Conjunctions are words used to join words _or_ sentences."--_Wilcox cor._
(5.) "A Conjunction is a word used to connect words _or_
sentences."--_M'Culloch, Hart, and Day, cor._ (6.) "A Conjunction joins
words _or_ sentences together."--_Macintosh and Hiley cor._ (7.) "The
Conjunction joins words _or_ sentences together."--_L. Murray cor._ (8.)
"Conjunctions connect words _or_ sentences to each other."--_Wright cor._
(9.) "Conjunctions connect words _or_ sentences."--_Wells and Wilcox cor._
(10.) "The conjunction is a part of speech, used to connect words _or_
sentences."--_Weld cor._ (11.) "A conjunction is a word used to connect
words _or_ sentences together."--_Fowler cor._ (12.) "Connectives are
_particles that_ unite words _or_ sentences in construction."--_Webster
cor._ "English Grammar is miserably taught in our district schools; the
teachers know _little or nothing_ about it."--_J. O. Taylor cor._ "_Lest_,
instead of preventing _diseases_, you draw _them_ on."--_Locke cor._ "The
definite article _the_ is frequently applied to adverbs in the comparative
_or the_ superlative degree."--_Murray et al. cor._ "When nouns naturally
neuter are _assumed to be_ masculine _or_ feminine."--_Murray cor._ "This
form of the perfect tense represents an action _as_ completely past,
_though_ often _as done_ at no great distance _of time, or at a time_ not
specified."--_Id._ "The _Copulative Conjunction_ serves to connect _words
or clauses, so as_ to continue a sentence, by expressing an addition, a
supposition, a cause, _or a consequence_."--_Id._ "The _Disjunctive
Conjunction_ serves, not only to continue a sentence _by connecting its
parts_, but also to express opposition of meaning, _either real or
nominal_."--_Id._ "_If_ we open the volumes of our divines, philosophers,
historians, or artists, we shall find that they abound with all the terms
necessary to communicate _the_ observations and discoveries _of their
authors._"--_Id._ "When a disjunctive _conjunction_ occurs between a
singular noun or pronoun and a plural one, the verb is made to agree with
the plural noun _or_ pronoun."--_Murray et al. cor._ "Pronouns must always
agree with their antecedents, _or_ the nouns for which they stand, in
gender and number."--_Murray cor._ "Neuter verbs do not _express action,
and consequently do not_ govern nouns or pronouns."--_Id._ "And the
auxiliary of the past imperfect _as well as of the_ present
_tense_."--_Id._ "If this rule should not appear to apply to every example
_that_ has been produced, _or_ to others which might be cited."--_Id._ "An
emphatical pause is made, after something of peculiar moment has been said,
on which we desire to fix the hearer's attention."--_Murray and Hart cor._
"An imperfect[531] phrase contains no assertion, _and_ does not amount to a
proposition, or sentence."--_Murray cor._ "The word was in the mouth of
every one, _yet_ its meaning may still be a secret."--_Id._ "This word was
in the mouth of every one, _and yet_, as to its precise and definite idea,
this may still be a secret,"--_Harris cor._ "It cannot be otherwise,
_because_ the French prosody differs from that of every other European
language."--_Smollet cor._ "So gradually _that it may be_ engrafted on a
subtonic."--_Rush cor._ "Where the Chelsea _and_ Malden bridges now are."
Or better: "Where the Chelsea _or the_ Malden _bridge_ now _is_."--_Judge
Parker cor._ "Adverbs are words _added_ to verbs, _to_ participles, _to_
adjectives, _or to_ other adverbs."--_R. C. Smith cor._ "I could not have
told you who the hermit was, _or_ on what mountain he lived."--_Bucke cor._
"AM _and_ BE (for they are the same _verb_) naturally, or in themselves,
signify _being_."--_Brightland cor._ "Words are _signs, either oral or
written_, by which we express our thoughts, _or_ ideas."--_Mrs. Bethune
cor._ "His fears will detect him, _that_ he shall not escape."--_Comly
cor._ "_Whose_ is equally applicable to persons _and to_ things"--_Webster
cor._ "One negative destroys an other, _so that two are_ equivalent to an
affirmative."--_Bullions cor._

"No sooner does he peep into the world,
_Than_ he has done his do."--_Hudibras cor._

CHAPTER X.--PREPOSITIONS.

CORRECTIONS IN THE USE OF PREPOSITIONS.

"Nouns are often formed _from_ participles."--_L. Murray corrected_. "What
tenses are formed _from_ the perfect participle?"--_Ingersoll cor._ "Which
tense is formed _from_ the _present_, or root of the verb?"--_Id._ "When a
noun or _a_ pronoun is placed before a participle, independently _of_ the
rest of the sentence."--_Churchill's Gram._, p. 348. "If the addition
consists _of_ two or more words."--_Mur. et al. cor._ "The infinitive mood
is often made absolute, or used independently _of_ the rest of the
sentence."--_Lowth's Gram._, 80; _Churchill's_, 143; _Bucke's_, 96;
_Merchant's_, 92. "For the great satisfaction of the reader, we _shall
present a variety_ of false constructions."--_Murray cor._ "For your
satisfaction, I _shall present you a variety_ of false constructions."--
_Ingersoll cor._ "I shall here _present [to] you a scale_ of derivation."--
_Bucke cor._ "These two manners of representation in respect _to_
number."--_Lowth and Churchill cor._ "There are certain adjectives which
seem to be derived _from verbs, without_ any variation."--_Lowth cor._ "Or
disqualify us for receiving instruction or reproof _from_ others."--_Murray
cor._ "For being more studious than any other pupil _in_ the school."--
_Id._ "Misunderstanding the directions, we lost our way."--_Id._ "These
people reduced the greater part of the island _under_ their own power."--
_Id._ "The principal accent distinguishes one syllable _of_ a word from the
rest."--_Id._ "Just numbers are in unison _with_ the human mind."--_Id._
"We must accept of sound _in stead_ of sense."--_Id._ "Also, _in stead of
consultation_, he uses _consult_."--_Priestley cor._ "This ablative seems
to be governed _by_ a preposition understood."--_W. Walker cor._ "_Lest_ my
father _hear of it_, by some means or other."--_Id._ "And, besides, my wife
would hear _of it_ by some means."--_Id._ "For insisting _on_ a requisition
so odious to them."--_Robertson cor._ "Based _on_ the great self-evident
truths of liberty and equality."--_Manual cor._ "Very little knowledge of
their nature is acquired _from_ the spelling-book."--_Murray cor._ "They do
not cut it off: except _from_ a few words; as, _due, duly_, &c."--_Id._
"Whether passing _at_ such time, or then finished."--_Lowth cor._ "It hath
disgusted hundreds _with_ that confession."--_Barclay cor._ "But they have
egregiously fallen _into_ that inconveniency."--_Id._ "For is not this, to
set nature _at_ work?"--_Id._ "And, surely, that which should set all its
springs _at_ work, is God."--_Atterbury cor._ "He could not end his
treatise without a panegyrie _on_ modern learning."--_Temple cor._ "These
are entirely independent _of_ the modulation of the voice."--_J. Walker
cor._ "It is dear _at_ a penny. It is cheap _at_ twenty pounds."--_W.
Walker cor._ "It will be despatched, _on_ most occasions, without
resting."--_Locke cor._ "_Oh_ the pain, the bliss of dying!"--_Pope_. "When
the objects or the facts are presented _to him_."--_R. C. Smith cor._ "I
will now present you a synopsis."--_Id._ "The disjunctive conjunction
connects _words or_ sentences, _and suggests an_ opposition of meaning,
_more or less direct_."--_Id._ "I shall now present _to_ you a few
lines."--_Bucke cor._ "Common names, _or_ substantives, are those which
stand for things _assorted_."--_Id._ "Adjectives, in the English language,
_are not varied by_ genders, numbers, or cases; _their only inflection is
for_ the degrees of comparison."--_Id._ "Participles are [little more than]
adjectives formed _from_ verbs."--_Id._ "I do love to walk out _on_ a fine
_summer_ evening."--_Id._ "_Ellipsis_, when applied to grammar, is the
elegant omission of one or more words _of_ a sentence."--_Merchant cor._
"The _preposition to_ is generally _required_ before verbs in the
infinitive mood, but _after_ the following verbs it is properly omitted;
namely, _bid, dare, feel, need, let, make, hear, see_: as, 'He _bid_ me
_do_ it;' not, 'He _bid_ me _to_ do it.'"--_Id._ "The infinitive sometimes
follows _than, for the latter term of_ a comparison; as, ['Murray should
have known _better than to write_, and Merchant, _better than to copy_, the
text here corrected, or the ambiguous example they appended to
it.']"--_Id._ "Or, by prefixing the _adverb more_ or _less, for_ the
comparative, and _most_ or _least, for_ the superlative."--_Id._ "A pronoun
is a word used _in stead_ of a noun."--_Id._ "From monosyllables, the
comparative is regularly formed by adding _r_ or _er_."--_Perley cor._ "He
has particularly named these, in distinction _from_ others."--_Harris cor._
"To revive the decaying taste _for ancient_ literature."--_Id._ "He found
the greatest difficulty _in_ writing."--_Hume cor._

"And the tear, that is wiped with a little address,
May be followed perhaps _by_ a smile."--_Cowper_, i, 216.

CHAPTER XI.--INTERJECTIONS.

CORRECTIONS IN THE USE OF INTERJECTIONS.

"Of chance or change, _O_ let not man complain."--_Beattie's Minstrel_, B.
ii, l. 1. "O thou persecutor! _O_ ye hypocrites!"--_Russell's Gram._, p.
92. "_O_ thou my voice inspire, Who _touch'd_ Isaiah's hallow'd lips with
fire!"--_Pope's Messiah_. "_O happy we_! surrounded by so many
blessings!"--_Merchant cor._ "_O thou who_ art so unmindful of thy
duty!"--_Id._ "If I am wrong, _O_ teach my heart To find that better
way."--_Murray's Reader_, p. 248. "Heus! evocate huc Davum."--_Ter_. "Ho!
call Davus out hither."--_W. Walker cor._ "It was represented by an analogy
(_O_ how inadequate!) which was borrowed from the _ceremonies_ of
paganism."--_Murray cor._ "_O_ that Ishmael might live before
thee!"--_Friends' Bible_, and _Scott's_. "And he said unto him, _O_ let not
the Lord be angry, and I will speak."--_Alger's Bible_, and _Scott's_. "And
he said, _O_ let not the Lord be angry."--_Alger; Gen._, xviii. 32. "_O_ my
Lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word."--_Scott's Bible_. "_O_
Virtue! how amiable thou art!"--_Murray's Gram._, p. 128. "_Alas_! I fear
for life."--See _Ib._ "_Ah_ me! they little know How dearly I abide that
boast so vain!"--See _Bucke's Gram._, p. 87. "_O_ that I had digged myself
a cave!"--_Fletcher cor._ "_Oh_, my good lord! thy comfort comes too
late."--_Shak. cor._ "The vocative takes no article: it is distinguished
thus: _O Pedro_! O Peter! _O Dios_! O God!"--_Bucke cor._ "_Oho_! But, the
relative is always the same."--_Cobbett cor._ "_All-hail_, ye happy
men!"--_Jaudon cor._ "_O_ that I had wings like a dove!'--_Scott's Bible_.
"_O glorious_ hope! O _bless'd_ abode!"--_O. B. Peirce's Gram._, p. 304.
"_Welcome_ friends! how joyous is your presence!"--_T. Smith cor._ "_O_
blissful days!--_but, ah_! how soon ye pass!"--_Parker and Fox cor._

"_O_ golden days! _O_ bright unvalued hours!--
What bliss, did ye but know that bliss, were yours!"--_Barbauld cor._

"_Ah_ me! what perils do environ
The man that meddles with cold iron!"--_Hudibras cor._

THE KEY.--PART III.--SYNTAX.

CHAPTER I.--SENTENCES.

The first chapter of Syntax, being appropriated to general views of this
part of grammar, to an exhibition of its leading doctrines, and to the
several forms of sentential analysis, with an application of its principal
rules in parsing, contains no false grammar for correction; and has, of
course, nothing to correspond to it, in this Key, except the title, which
is here inserted for form's sake.

CHAPTER II.--ARTICLES.

CORRECTIONS UNDER THE NOTES TO RULE I.

UNDER NOTE I.--AN OR A.

"I have seen _a_ horrible thing in the house of Israel."--_Bible cor._
"There is _a_ harshness in the following sentences."--_Murray's Gram._,
8vo, p. 152. "Indeed, such _a_ one is not to be looked for."--_Dr. Blair
cor._ "If each of you will be disposed to approve himself _a_ useful
citizen."--_Id._ "Land with them had acquired almost _a_ European
value."--_Webster cor._ "He endeavoured to find out _a_ wholesome
remedy."--_Neef cor._ "At no time have we attended _a_ yearly meeting more
to our own satisfaction."--_The Friend cor._ "Addison was not _a humorist_
in character."--_Kames cor._ "Ah me! what _a_ one was he!"--_Lily cor._ "He
was such _a_ one as I never saw before"--_Id._ "No man can be a good
preacher, who is not _a_ useful one."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "_A_ usage which is
too frequent with Mr. Addison."--_Id._ "Nobody joins the voice of a sheep
with the shape of _a_ horse."--_Locke cor._ "_A_ universality seems to be
aimed at by the omission of the article."--_Priestley cor._ "Architecture
is _a_ useful as well as a fine art."--_Kames cor._ "Because the same
individual conjunctions do not preserve _a_ uniform signification."--
_Nutting cor._ "Such a work required the patience and assiduity of _a_
hermit."--_Johnson cor._ "Resentment is _a_ union of sorrow with
malignity."--_Id._ "His bravery, we know, was _a_ high courage of
blasphemy."--_Pope cor._ "HYSSOP; _an_ herb of bitter taste."--_Pike cor._

"On each enervate string they taught the note
To pant, or tremble through _a eunuch's_ throat."--_Pope cor._

UNDER NOTE II.--AN OR A WITH PLURALS.

"At a _session_ of the court, in March, it was moved," &c.--_Hutchinson
cor._ "I shall relate my conversations, of which I kept memoranda."--_D.
D'Ab. cor._ "I took _an other_ dictionary, and with a _pair of_ scissors
cut out, for instance, the word ABACUS."--_A. B. Johnson cor._ "A person
very meet seemed he for the purpose, _and about_ forty-five years
old."--_Gardiner cor._ "And it came to pass, about eight days after these
sayings."--_Bible cor._ "There were slain of them about three thousand
men."--_1 Macc. cor._ "Until I had gained the top of these white mountains,
which seemed _other_ Alps of snow."--_Addison cor._ "To make them
satisfactory amends for all the losses they had sustained."--_Goldsmith
cor._ "As a _first-fruit_ of many that shall be gathered."--_Barclay cor._
"It makes indeed a little _amend_, (or _some amends_,) by inciting us to
oblige people."--_Sheffield cor._ "A large and lightsome _back stairway_
(or _flight of backstairs_) leads up to an entry above."--_Id._ "Peace of
mind is an _abundant recompense_ for _any_ sacrifices of
interest."--_Murray et al. cor._ "With such a spirit, and _such_
sentiments, were hostilities carried on."--_Robertson cor._ "In the midst
of a thick _wood_, he had long lived a voluntary recluse."--_G. B_. "The
flats look almost like a young _forest_."--_Chronicle cor._ "As we went on,
the country for a little _way_ improved, but scantily."--_Freeman cor._
"Whereby the Jews were permitted to return into their own country, after _a
captivity of seventy years_ at Babylon."--_Rollin cor._ "He did not go a
great _way_ into the country."--_Gilbert cor._

"A large _amend_ by fortune's hand is made,
And the lost Punic blood is well repay'd."--_Rowe cor._

UNDER NOTE III.--NOUNS CONNECTED.

"As where a landscape is conjoined with the music of birds, and _the_ odour
of flowers."--_Kames cor._ "The last order resembles the second in the
mildness of its accent, and _the_ softness of its pause."--_Id._ "Before
the use of the loadstone, or _the_ knowledge of the compass."--_Dryden
cor._ "The perfect participle and _the_ imperfect tense ought not to be
confounded."--_Murray cor._ "In proportion as the taste of a poet or _an_
orator becomes more refined."--_Blair cor._ "A situation can never be more
intricate, _so_ long as there is an angel, _a_ devil, or _a_ musician, to
lend a helping hand."--_Kames cor._ "Avoid rude sports: an eye is soon
lost, or _a_ bone broken."--_Inst._, p. 262. "Not a word was uttered, nor
_a_ sign given."--_Ib._ "I despise not the doer, but _the_ deed."--_Ib._
"For the sake of an easier pronunciation and _a_ more agreeable
sound."--_Lowth cor._ "The levity as well as _the_ loquacity of the Greeks
made them incapable of keeping up the true standard of history."--
_Bolingbroke cor._

UNDER NOTE IV.--ADJECTIVES CONNECTED.

"It is proper that the vowels be a long and _a_ short one."--_Murray cor._
"Whether the person mentioned was seen by the speaker a long or _a_ short
time before."--_Id. et al_. "There are three genders; _the_ masculine,
_the_ feminine, and _the_ neuter."--_Adam cor._ "The numbers are two; _the_
singular and _the_ plural."--_Id. et al_. "The persons are three; _the_
first, _the_ second, and _the_ third."--_Iidem_. "Nouns and pronouns have
three cases; the nominative, _the_ possessive, and _the_ objective."--
_Comly and Ing. cor._ "Verbs have five moods; namely, the infinitive, _the_
indicative, _the_ potential, _the_ subjunctive, and _the_ imperative."--
_Bullions et al. cor._ "How many numbers have pronouns? Two, the singular
and _the_ plural."--_Bradley cor._ "To distinguish between an interrogative
and _an_ exclamatory sentence."--_Murray et al. cor._ "The first and _the_
last of which are _compound_ members."--_Lowth cor._ "In the last lecture,
I treated of the concise and _the_ diffuse, the nervous and _the_ feeble
manner."--_Blair cor._ "The passive and _the_ neuter verbs I shall reserve
for some future conversation."--_Ingersoll cor._ "There are two voices; the
active and _the_ passive."--_Adam et al. cor._ "WHOSE is rather the
poetical than _the_ regular genitive of WHICH."--_Johnson cor._ "To feel
the force of a compound or _a_ derivative word."--_Town cor._ "To preserve
the distinctive uses of the copulative and _the_ disjunctive
conjunctions."--_Murray et al. cor._ "E has a long and _a_ short sound in
most languages."--_Bicknell cor._ "When the figurative and _the_ literal
sense are mixed and jumbled together."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "The Hebrew, with
which the Canaanitish and _the_ Phoenician stand in connexion."--_Conant_
and _Fowler cor._ "The languages of Scandinavia proper, the Norwegian and
_the_ Swedish."--_Fowler cor._

UNDER NOTE V.--ADJECTIVES CONNECTED.

"The path of truth is a plain and safe path."--_Murray cor._ "Directions
for acquiring a just and happy elocution."--_Kirkham cor._ "Its leading
object is, to adopt a correct and easy method."--_Id._ "How can it choose
but wither in a long and sharp winter?"--_Cowley cor._ "Into a dark and
distant unknown."--_Dr. Chalmers cor._ "When the bold and strong enslaved
his fellow man."--_Chazotte cor._ "We now proceed to consider the things
most essential to an accurate and perfect sentence."--_Murray cor._ "And
hence arises a second and very considerable source of the improvement of
taste."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "Novelty produces in the mind a vivid and
agreeable emotion."--_Id._ "The deepest and bitterest feeling still is
_that of_ the separation."--_Dr. M'Rie cor._ "A great and good man looks
beyond time."--See _Brown's Inst._, p. 263. "They made but a weak and
ineffectual resistance."--_Ib._ "The light and worthless kernels will
float."--_Ib._ "I rejoice that there is an other and better world."--_Ib._
"For he is determined to revise his work, and present to the _public an
other and better_ edition."--_Kirkham cor._ "He hoped that this title would
secure _to_ him an ample and independent authority."--_L. Murray cor. et
al_. "There is, however, _an other and more limited sense_."--_J. Q. Adams
cor._

UNDER NOTE VI.--ARTICLES OR PLURALS.

"This distinction forms what are called the diffuse _style_ and the
concise."--_Dr. Blair cor._ "Two different modes of speaking, distinguished
at first by the denominations of _the Attic manner_ and _the
Asiatic_."--_Adams cor._ "But the great design of uniting the Spanish and
French monarchies under the former, was laid."--_Bolingbroke cor._ "In the
solemn and poetic styles, it [_do_ or _did_] is often rejected."--_Allen
cor._ "They cannot be, at the same time, in _both_ the objective _case_ and
the nominative." Or: "They cannot be, at the same time, in _both_ the
objective and the nominative _case_." Or: "They cannot be, at the same
time, in the nominative _case_, and _also in the_ objective." Or: "They
cannot be, at the same time, in the nominative and objective
cases."--_Murray's Gram._, 8vo, p. 148. Or, better: "They cannot be, at the
same time, in _both_ cases, the nominative and _the_ objective."--_Murray
et al. cor._ "They are named the positive, comparative, and superlative
degrees."--_Smart cor._ "Certain adverbs are capable of taking an
inflection; namely, that of the comparative and superlative
degrees."--_Fowler cor._ "In the subjunctive mood, the present and
imperfect tenses often carry with them a future sense."--_Murray et al.
cor._ "The imperfect, the perfect, the pluperfect, and the first-future
_tense_, of this mood, are conjugated like the same tenses of the
indicative."--_Kirkham bettered_. "What rules apply in parsing personal
pronouns of the second and third _persons_?"--_Id._ "Nouns are sometimes in
the nominative or _the_ objective case after the neuter verb _be_, or after
an active-intransitive or _a_ passive verb." "The verb varies its _ending_
in the singular, in order to agree with its nominative, in the first,
second, and third _persons_."--_Id._ "They are identical in effect with the
radical and the vanishing _stress_."--_Rush cor._ "In a sonnet, the first,
_the_ fourth, _the_ fifth, and _the_ eighth line, _usually_ rhyme to _one
an_ other: so do the second, third, sixth, and seventh _lines_; the ninth,
eleventh, and thirteenth _lines_; and the tenth, twelfth, and fourteenth
_lines_."--_Churchill cor._ "The iron and golden ages are run; youth and
manhood are departed."--_Wright cor._ "If, as you say, the iron and the
golden _age_ are past, the youth and the manhood of the world."--_Id._ "An
Exposition of the Old and New _Testaments_."--_Henry cor._ "The names and
order of the books of the Old and _the_ New Testament."--_Bible cor._ "In
the second and third _persons_ of that tense."--_Murray cor._ "And who
still unites in himself the human and the divine _nature_."--_Gurney cor._
"Among whom arose the Italian, Spanish, French, and English
languages."--_Murray cor._ "Whence arise these two _numbers_, the singular
and the plural."--_Burn cor._

UNDER NOTE VII.--CORRESPONDENT TERMS.

"Neither the definitions nor _the_ examples are entirely the same _as_
his."--_Ward cor._ "Because it makes a discordance between the thought and
_the_ expression."--_Kames cor._ "Between the adjective and _the_ following
substantive."--_Id._ "Thus Athens became both the repository and _the_
nursery of learning."--_Chazotte cor._ "But the French pilfered from both
the Greek and _the_ Latin."--_Id._ "He shows that Christ is both the power
and _the_ wisdom of God."--_The Friend cor._ "That he might be Lord both of
the dead and _of the_ living."--_Bible cor._ "This is neither the obvious
nor _the_ grammatical meaning of his words."--_Blair cor._ "Sometimes both
the accusative and _the_ infinitive are understood."--_Adam and Gould cor._
"In some cases, we can use either the nominative or _the_ accusative,
promiscuously."--_Iidem_. "Both the former and _the_ latter substantive are
sometimes to be understood."--_Iidem_. "Many _of_ which have escaped both
the commentator and _the_ poet himself."--_Pope cor._ "The verbs MUST and
OUGHT, have both a present and _a_ past signification."--_L. Murray cor._
"How shall we distinguish between the friends and _the_ enemies of the
government?"--_Dr. Webster cor._ "Both the _ecclesiastical_ and _the_
secular powers concurred in those measures."--_Dr. Campbell cor._ "As the
period has a beginning and _an_ end within itself, it implies an
_inflection_."--_J. Q. Adams cor._ "Such as ought to subsist between a
principal and _an_ accessory."--_Ld. Kames cor._

UNDER NOTE VIII.--CORRESPONDENCE PECULIAR.

"When both the upward and the downward _slide_ occur in _the sound of one_
syllable, they are called a CIRCUMFLEX, or WAVE."--_Kirkham cor._ "The word
THAT is used both in the nominative and _in the objective case_."--_Sanborn
cor._ "But _in_ all the other moods and tenses, both of the active and _of
the_ passive _voice_ [the verbs] are conjugated at large."--_Murray cor._
"Some writers on grammar, admitting the second-future _tense into_ the
indicative mood, _reject it from the_ subjunctive."--_Id._ "_After_ the
same conjunction, _to use_ both the indicative and the subjunctive _mood_
in the same sentence, and _under_ the same circumstances, seems to be a
great impropriety."--_Id._ "The true distinction between the subjunctive
and the indicative _mood_ in this tense."--_Id._ "I doubt of his capacity
to teach either the French or _the_ English _language_."--_Chazotte cor._
"It is as necessary to make a distinction between the active-transitive and
the active-intransitive verb, as between the active and _the_
passive."--_Nixon cor._

UNDER NOTE IX.--A SERIES OF TERMS.

"As comprehending the terms uttered by the artist, the mechanic, and _the_
husbandman."--_Chazotte cor._ "They may be divided into four classes; the
Humanists, _the_ Philanthropists, _the Pestalozzians_, and the
_Productives_."--_Smith cor._ "Verbs have six tenses; the present, the
imperfect, the perfect, the pluperfect, the _first-future_, and the
_second-future_."--_Murray et al. cor._ "Is it an irregular _neuter_ verb
[from _be, was, being, been_; found in] _the_ indicative mood, present
tense, third person, and singular number."--_Murray cor._ "SHOULD GIVE is
an irregular _active-transitive_ verb [from _give, gave, given, giving_;
found] in the potential mood, imperfect tense, first person, and plural
number."--_Id._ "US is a personal pronoun, _of the_ first person, plural
number, _masculine gender_, and objective case."--_Id._ "THEM is a personal
pronoun, of the third person, plural number, _masculine gender_, and
objective case."--_Id._ "It is surprising that the Jewish critics, with
all their skill in dots, points, and accents, never had the ingenuity to
invent a point of interrogation, _a point_ of admiration, or a
parenthesis."--_Dr. Wilson cor._ "The fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth
_verses_." Or: "The fifth, _the_ sixth, _the_ seventh, and the eighth
verse."--_O. B. Peirce cor_. "Substitutes have three persons; the First,
_the_ Second, and the Third."--_Id._ "JOHN'S is a proper noun, of the third
person, singular number, masculine gender, and possessive case: and _is_
governed by 'WIFE,' _according to_ Rule" [4th, _which says_, &c.]--_Smith
cor_. "Nouns, in the English language, have three cases; the nominative,
the possessive, and _the_ objective."--_Bar. and Alex. cor._ "The potential
mood has four tenses; viz., the present, the imperfect, the perfect, and
_the_ pluperfect."--_Ingersoll cor._

"Where Science, Law, and Liberty depend,
And own the patron, patriot, and friend."--_Savage cor._

UNDER NOTE X.--SPECIES AND GENUS.

"_The_ pronoun is a part of speech[532] put for _the_ noun."--_Paul's Ac.
cor._ "_The_ verb is a part of speech declined with mood and tense."--_Id._
"_The_ participle is a part of speech derived _from the_ verb."--_Id._
"_The_ adverb is a part of speech joined to verbs, [participles,
adjectives, or other adverbs,] to declare their signification."--_Id._
"_The_ conjunction is a part of speech that _joins words or_ sentences
together."--_Id._ "_The_ preposition is a part of speech most commonly set
before other parts."--_Id._ "_The_ interjection is a part of speech which
_betokens_ a sudden _emotion_ or passion of the mind."--_Id._ "_The_
enigma, or riddle, is also a species of allegory."--_Blair and Murray cor._
"We may take from the Scriptures a very fine example of _the_
allegory."--_Iidem_. "And thus have you exhibited a sort of sketch of
art."--_Harris cor._ "We may 'imagine a subtle kind of reasoning,' as Mr.
Harris acutely observes."--_Churchill cor._ "But, before entering on these,
I shall give one instance of _metaphor, very beautiful_, (or, one _very
beautiful_ instance of metaphor,) that I may show the figure to full
advantage."--_Blair cor._ "Aristotle, in his Poetics, uses _metaphor_ in
this extended sense, for any figurative meaning imposed upon a word; as
_the_ whole put for _a_ part, or a part for _the_ whole; _a_ species for
the genus, or _the_ genus for a species."--_Id._ "It shows what kind of
apple it is of which we are speaking."--_Kirkham cor._ "Cleon was _an
other_ sort of man."--_Goldsmith cor._ "To keep off his right wing, as a
kind of reserved body."--_Id._ "This part of speech is called _the_
verb."--_Mack cor._ "What sort of thing is it?"--_Hiley cor._ "What sort of
charm do they possess?"--_Bullions cor._

"Dear Welsted, mark, in dirty hole,
That painful animal, _the_ mole."--_Dunciad cor._

UNDER NOTE XI.--ARTICLES NOT REQUISITE.

"Either thou or the boys were in fault."--_Comly cor._ "It may, at first
view, appear to be too general."--_Murray et al. cor._ "When the verb has
reference to future time."--_Iidem_. "No; they are the language of
imagination, rather than of passion."--_Blair cor._ "The dislike of English
Grammar, which has so generally prevailed, can be attributed _only_ to the
intricacy of [our] syntax."--_Russell cor._ "Is that ornament in good
taste?"--_Kames cor._ "There are not many fountains in good taste." Or:
"Not many fountains are [ornamented] in good taste."--_Id._ "And I
persecuted this way unto death."--_Bible cor._ "The sense of feeling can,
indeed, give us a notion of extension."--_Addison, Spect._, No. 411. "The
distributive _adjectives, each, every, either_, agree with nouns, pronouns,
_or_ verbs, of the singular number only."--_Murray cor._ "Expressing by one
word, what might, by a circumlocution, be resolved into two or more words
belonging to other parts of speech."--_Blair cor._ "By certain muscles
which operate [in harmony, and] all at the same time."--_Murray cor._ "It
is sufficient here to have observed thus much in general concerning
them."--_Campbell cor._ "Nothing disgusts us sooner than empty pomp of
language."--_Murray cor._

UNDER NOTE XII.--TITLES AND NAMES.

"He is entitled to the appellation of _gentleman_."--_G. Brown_. "Cromwell
assumed the title of Protector"--_Id._ "Her father is honoured with the
title of _Earl_."--_Id._ "The chief magistrate is styled _President_."--
_Id._ "The highest title in the state is that of _Governor_."--_Id._ "That
boy is known by the name of _Idler_."--_Murray cor._ "The one styled
_Mufti_, is the head of the ministers of law and religion."--_Balbi cor._
"Ranging all that possessed them under one class, he called that whole
class _tree_."--_Blair cor._ "For _oak, pine_, and _ash_, were names of
whole classes of objects."--_Id._ "It is of little importance whether we
give to some particular mode of expression the name of _trope_, or of
_figure_."--_Id._ "The collision of a vowel with itself is the most
ungracious of all combinations, and has been doomed to peculiar reprobation
under the name of _hiatus_."--_Adams cor._ "We hesitate to determine,
whether _Tyrant_ alone is the nominative, or whether the nominative
includes the _word Spy_."--_Cobbett cor._ "Hence originated the customary
abbreviation of _twelve months_ into _twelvemonth_; of _seven nights_ into
_sennight_; of _fourteen nights_ into _fortnight_."--_Webster cor._

UNDER NOTE XIII.--COMPARISONS AND ALTERNATIVES.

"He is a better writer than reader."--_W. Allen_. "He was an abler
mathematician than linguist."--_Id._ "I should rather have an orange than
_an_ apple."--_G. Brown_. "He was no less able _as_ a negotiator, than
courageous _as_ a warrior."--_Smollett cor._ "In an epic poem, we pardon
many negligences that would not be permitted in a sonnet or _an_
epigram."--_Kames cor._ "That figure is a sphere, globe, or
ball."--_Churchill's Gram._, p. 357.

UNDER NOTE XIV.--ANTECEDENTS TO WHO OR WHICH.

"_The_ carriages which were formerly in use, were very clumsy."--_Key to
Inst_. "The place is not mentioned by _the_ geographers who wrote at that
time."--_Ib._ "Those questions which a person _puts to_ himself in
contemplation, ought to be terminated _with_ points of interrogation."--
_Mur. et al. cor._ "The work is designed for the use of _those_ persons who
may think it merits a place in their libraries."--_Mur. cor._ "That _those_
who think confusedly, should express themselves obscurely, is not to be
wondered at."--_Id._ "_Those_ grammarians who limit the number to two, or
three, do not reflect."--_Id._ "_The_ substantives which end in _ian_, are
those that signify profession." Or: "_Those_ substantives which end in
_ian_, are _such as_ signify profession."--_Id._ "To these may be added
_those_ verbs which, among the poets, _usually_ govern the dative."--_Adam
and Gould cor._ "_The_ consonants are _those_ letters which cannot be
sounded without the aid of a vowel."--_Bucke cor._ "To employ the curiosity
of persons _skilled_ in grammar:"--"of _those_ who are skilled in
grammar:"--"of persons _that_ are skilled in grammar:"--"of _such_ persons
_as_ are skilled in grammar:" or--"of _those_ persons _who_ are skilled in
grammar."--_L. Murray cor._ "This rule refers only to _those_ nouns and
pronouns which have the same bearing, or relation."--_Id._ "So that _the_
things which are seen, were not made of things _that_ do appear."--_Bible
cor._ "Man is an imitative creature; he may utter _again_ the sounds which
he has heard."--_Dr. Wilson cor._ "But _those_ men whose business is wholly
domestic, have little or no use for any language but their own."--_Dr.
Webster cor._

UNDER NOTE XV.--PARTICIPIAL NOUNS.

"Great benefit may be reaped from _the_ reading of histories."--_Sewel
cor._ "And some attempts were made towards _the_ writing of
history."--_Bolingbroke cor._ "It is _an_ invading of the priest's office,
for any other to offer it"--_Leslie cor._ "And thus far of _the_ forming of
verbs."--_W. Walker cor._ "And without _the_ shedding of blood _there_ is
no remission."--_Bible cor._ "For _the_ making of measures, we have the
best method here in England."--_Printer's Gram. cor._ "This is really both
_an_ admitting and _a_ denying at once."--_Butler cor._ "And hence the
origin of _the_ making of parliaments."--_Dr. Brown cor._ "Next thou
objectest, that _the_ having of saving light and grace presupposes
conversion. But that I deny: for, on the contrary, conversion _presupposes
the_ having _of_ light and grace."--_Barclay cor._ "They cried down _the_
wearing of rings and other superfluities, as we do."--_Id._ "Whose
adorning, let it not be that outward adorning, of _the_ plaiting _of_ the
hair, and of _the_ wearing of gold, or of _the putting-on_ of
apparel."--_Bible cor._ "In _the_ spelling of derivative words, the
_primitives_ must be kept whole."--_Brit. Gram. and Buchanan's cor._ "And
the princes offered for _the_ dedicating of the altar."--_Numb. cor._
"Boasting is not only _a_ telling of lies, but also _of_ many unseemly
truths."--_Sheffield cor._ "We freely confess that _the_ forbearing of
prayer in the wicked is sinful."--_Barclay cor._ "For _the_ revealing of a
secret, there is no remedy."--_G. Brown_. "He turned all his thoughts to
_the_ composing of laws for the good of the State."--_Rollin cor._

UNDER NOTE XVI.--PARTICIPLES, NOT NOUNS.

"It is salvation to be kept from falling into a pit, as truly as to be
taken out of it after falling in."--_Barclay cor._ "For in receiving and
embracing the testimony of truth, they felt their souls eased."--_Id._
"True regularity does not consist in having but a single rule, and forcing
every thing to conform to it."--_Phil. Museum cor._ "To the man of the
world, this sound of glad tidings appears only an idle tale, and not worth
attending to."--_Say cor._ "To be the deliverer of the captive Jews, by
ordering their temple to be rebuilt," &c.--_Rollin cor._ "And for
preserving them from being defiled."--_Discip. cor._ "A wise man will
_forbear to show_ any excellence in trifles."--_Kames cor._ "Hirsutus had
no other reason for valuing a book."--_Johnson, and Wright, cor._ "To being
heard with satisfaction, it is necessary that the speaker should deliver
himself with ease." Perhaps better: "_To be_ heard, &c." Or: "_In order to
be_ heard, &c."--_Sheridan cor._ "And, to the _end of_ being well heard and
clearly understood, a good and distinct articulation contributes more, than
_can even the greatest_ power of voice."--_Id._

"_Potential_ purports, _having power or will_;
As, If you _would_ improve, you _should_ be still."--_Tobitt cor._

UNDER NOTE XVII.--VARIOUS ERRORS.

"For the same reason, a neuter verb cannot become passive."--_Lowth cor._
"_A_ period is _a_ whole sentence complete in itself."--_Id._ "_A_ colon,
or member, is a chief constructive part, or _the greatest_ division, of a
sentence."--_Id._ "_A_ semicolon, or half-member, is a _smaller_
constructive part, or _a_ subdivision, of a sentence or _of_ a
member."--_Id._ "A sentence or _a_ member is again subdivided into commas,
or segments."--_Id._ "The first error that I would mention is, too general
_an_ attention to the dead languages, with a neglect of our own
_tongue_."--_Webster cor._ "One third of the importations would supply the
demands of _the_ people."--_Id._ "And especially in _a_ grave
_style_."--_Murray's Gram._, i, 178. "By too eager _a_ pursuit, he ran a
great risk of being disappointed."--_Murray cor._ "_The_ letters are
divided into vowels and consonants."--_Mur. et al. cor._ "_The_ consonants
are divided into mutes and semivowels."--_Iidem_. "The first of these forms
is _the_ most agreeable to the English idiom."--_Murray cor._ "If they
gain, it is _at_ too dear _a_ rate."--_Barclay cor._ "A pronoun is a word
used _in stead_ of a noun, to prevent too frequent _a_ repetition of
it."--_Maunder cor._ "This vulgar error might perhaps arise from too
partial _a_ fondness for the Latin."--_Ash cor._ "The groans which too
heavy _a_ load extorts from her."--_Hitchcock cor._ "The numbers of a verb
are, of course, _the_ singular and _the_ plural."--_Bucke cor._ "To brook
no meanness, and to stoop to no dissimulation, are indications of a great
mind."--_Murray cor._ "This mode of expression rather suits _the_ familiar

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