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The Diary of Samuel Pepys by Samuel Pepys

Part 4 out of 18

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23rd. To White Hall, and there met with Captn. Isham, this day
come from Lisbone, with letters from the Queene to the King and
he did give me letters which speak that our fleet is all at
Lisbone; and that the Queene do not intend to embarque sooner
than to-morrow come fortnight.

24th. By and by comes La Belle Pierce to see my wife, and to
bring her a pair of peruques of hair, as the fashion now is for
ladies to wear; which are pretty, and are of my wife's own hair,
or else I should not endure them.

APRIL 6, 1662. (Lord's day). By water to White Hall, to Sir G.
Carteret, to give him an account of the backwardnesse of the
ships we have hired to Portugall: at which he is much troubled.
Thence to the Chapel, and there, though crowded, heard a very
honest sermon before the King by a Canon of Christ Church, upon
these words, "Having a form of godlinesse, but denying," &c.
Among other things he did much insist upon the sin of adultery:
which methought might touch the King, and the more because he
forced it into his sermon, besides his text. So up and saw the
King at dinner; and thence with Sir G. Carteret to his lodgings
to dinner, with him and his lady. All their discount, which was
very much, was upon their sufferings and services for the King.
Yet not without some trouble, to see that some that had been much
bound to them, do now neglect them; and others again most civil
that have received least from them: and I do believe that he
hath been a, good servant to the King. Thence to the Parke,
where the King and Duke did walk.

7th. To the Lords' House, and stood within the House, while the
Bishops and Lords did stay till the Chancellor's coming and then
we were put out. I sent in a note to my Lord Privy Seale and he
come out to me; and I desired he would make another deputy for
me, because of my great business of the Navy this month; but he
told me he could not do it without the King's consent, which
vexed me. The great talk is, that the Spaniards and the
Hollanders do intend to set upon the Portugais by sea, at
Lisbone, as soon as our fleet is come away; and by that means our
fleet is not likely to come yet these two months or three; which
I hope is not true.

9th. Sir George [Carteret.] showed me an account in French of
the great famine, which is to the greatest extremity in some part
of France at this day; which is very strange.

10th. Yesterday come Col. Talbot with letters from Portugall,
that the Queene is resolved to embarque for England this week.
Thence to the office all the afternoon. My Lord Windsor come to
us to discourse of his affaire, and to take his leave of us; he
being to go Governor of Jamaica with this fleet that is now
going. [Thomas Baron Windsor, Lord Lieutenant of Worcestershire;
advanced to the Earldom of Plymouth, 1682. Ob. 1687.]

11th. With Sir W. Pen by water to Deptford; and among the ships
now going to Portugall with men and horse, to see them
dispatched. So to Greenwich; and had a fine pleasant walk to
Woolwich, having in our company Captn. Minnes, whom I was much
pleased to hear talk. Among other things, he and the Captains
that were with us told me that negroes drowned looked white and
lose their blackness, which I never heard before. At Woolwich up
and down to do the same business; and so back to Greenwich by
water. Sir William and I walked into the Parke, where the King
hath planted trees and made steps in the hill up to the Castle,
which is very magnificent. So up and down the house, which is
now repayring in the Queens's lodgings.

13th. To Grayes Inn walkes; and there met Mr. Pickering. His
discourse most about the pride of the Duchesse of York; and how
all the ladies envy my Lady Castlemaine. He intends to go to
Portsmouth to meet the Queene this week; which is now the
discourse and expectation of the towne.

15th. With my wife, by coach, to the New Exchange, to buy her
some things; where we saw some new-fashion pettycoats of
sarcenett, with a black broad lace printed round the bottom and
before, very handsome, and my wife had a mind to one of them.

19th. This morning, before we sat, I went to Aldgate; and at the
corner shop, a draper's, I stood, and, did see Barkestead, Okey,
and Corbet, drawne towards the gallows at Tyburne; and there they
were hanged and quartered. They all looked very cheerful; but I
hear they all die defending what they did to the King to be just;
which is very strange.

20th. (Lord's-day). My intention being to go this morning to
White Hall to hear Louth, my Lord Chancellor's chaplain, the
famous preacher and oratour of Oxford, (who the last Lord's-day
did sink down in the pulpit before the King, and could not
proceed,) it did rain, and the wind against me, that I could by
no means get a boat or coach to carry me; and so I staid at
Paul's, where the Judges did all meet, and heard a sermon, it
being the first Sunday of the terme; but they had a very poor

21st. At noon dined with my Lord Crewe; and after dinner went up
to Sir Thos. Crewe's chamber, who is still ill. He tells me how
my Lady Duchesse of Richmond [Mary, daughter to George Duke of
Buckingham wife of James, fourth Duke of Lennox and third Duke of
Richmond.] and Castlemaine had a falling out the other day; and
she calls the latter Jane Shore, and did hope to see her come to
the same end. Coming down again to my Lord, he told me that news
was come that the Queene is landed; at which I took leave, and by
coach hurried to White Hall, the bells ringing in several places;
but I found there no such matter, nor anything like it.

22nd. We come to Gilford.

23rd. Up early, and to Petersfield; and thence got a countryman
to guide us by Havant, to avoid going through the Forest; but he
carried us much out of the way. I lay at Wiard's, the
chyrurgeon's, in Portsmouth.

24th. All of us to the Pay-house; but the books not being ready,
we went to church to the lecture, where there was my Lord Ormond
and Manchester, and much London company, though not so much as I
expected. Here we had a very good sermon upon this text: "In
love serving one another;" which pleased me very well. No news
of the Queene at all. So to dinner; and then to the Pay all the
afternoon. Then W. Pen and I walked to the King's Yard.

26th. Sir George and I, and his clerk Mr. Stephens, and Mr. Holt
our guide, over to Gosport; and so rode to Southampton. In our
way, besides my Lord Southampton's parks and lands, which in one
viewe we could see 6000l. per annum, [Tichfield House, erected by
Sir Thomas Wriothesley, on the site of an Abbey of
Premonstratenses, granted to him with their estates, 29th Henry
VIII. Upon the death of his descendant, Thomas, Earl of
Southampton, and Lord Treasurer, without issue male, the house
and manor were allotted to his eldest daughter Elizabeth, wife of
Edmund, 1st Earl of Gainsborough; and their only son dying
S.P.M., the property devolved to his sister Elizabeth, married to
Henry, Duke of Portland whose grandson, the 3rd Duke, alienated
it to Mr. Delme.] we observed a little church-yard, where the
graves are accustomed to be all sowed with sage. At Southampton.
The towne is one most gallant street, and is walled round with
stone, &c., and Bevis's picture upon one of the gates; many old
walls of religious houses, and the keye, well worth seeing.

27th. I rode to church, and met my Lord Chamberlaine upon the
walls of the garrison, who owned and spoke to me. I followed him
in the crowde of gallants through the Queene's lodgings to
chapel; the rooms being all rarely furnished, and escaped hardly
being set on fire yesterday. At chapel we had a most excellent
and eloquent sermon. By coach to the Yard, and then on board the
Swallow in the dock, where our navy chaplain preached a sad
sermon, full of nonsense and false Latin; but prayed for the
Right Honourable the principall officers. Visited the Mayor, Mr.
Timbrell, our anchor-smith, who showed us the present they have
for the Queene; which is a salt-sellar of silver, the walls
christall, with four eagles and four greyhounds standing up at
the top to bear up a dish; which indeed is one of the neatest
pieces of plate that ever I saw, and the case is very pretty
also. [A salt-sellar answering this description is preserved at
the Tower.] This evening come a merchantman in the harbour,
which we hired at London to carry horses to Portugall; but Lord!
what running, here was to the seaside to hear what news, thinking
it had come from the Queene.

MAY 1, 1662. Sir G. Carteret, Sir W. Pen, and myself, with our
clerks, set out this morning from Portsmouth very early, and got
by noon to Petersfield; several officers of the Yard accompanying
us so far. At dinner comes my Lord Carlingford [Theobald second
Viscount Taafe, created Earl of Carlingford, co. Louth, 1661-2.]
from London, going to Portsmouth: tells us that the Duchesse of
York is brought to bed of a girle, at which I find nobody
pleased; and that Prince Rupert and the Duke of Buckingham are
sworne of the Privy Councell.

7th. Walked to Westminster; where I understand the news that Mr.
Montagu is last night come to the King with news, that he left
the Queene and fleete in the Bay of Biscay, coming this wayward;
and that he believes she is now at the Isle of Scilly. Thence to
Paul's Church Yard; where seeing my Ladys Sandwich and Carteret,
and my wife (who this day made a visit the first time to my Lady
Carteret) come by coach, and going to Hide Parke, I was resolved
to follow them; and so went to Mrs. Turner's: and thence at the
Theatre, where I saw the last act of the "Knight of the Burning
Pestle," [A Comedy by Beaumont and Fletcher.] (which pleased me
not at all), and so after the play done, she and The. Turner and
Mrs. Lucin and I, in her coach to the Parke; and there found them
out, and spoke to them; and observed many fine ladies, and staid
till all were gone almost.

8th. Sir G. Carteret told me, that the Queene and the fleet were
in Mount's Bay on Monday last; and that the Queene endures her
sickness pretty well. He also told me how Sir John Lawson hath
done some execution upon the Turkes in the Straight, of which I
was glad, and told the news the first on the Exchange, and was
much followed by merchants to tell it. Sir G. Carteret, among
other discourse, tells me that it is Mr. Coventry that is to come
to us as a Commissioner of the Navy; at which he is much vexed,
and cries out upon Sir W. Pen, and threatens him highly. And
looking upon his lodgings, which are now enlarging, he in a
passion cried, "Guarda mi spada; for, by God, I may chance to
keep him in Ireland, when he is there:" for Sir W. Pen is going
thither with my Lord Lieutenant. But it is my design to keep
much in with Sir George; and I think I have begun very well
towards it.

9th. The Duke of York went last night to Portsmouth; so that I
believe the Queene is near.

10th. At noon to the Wardrobe; there dined. My Lady told me how
my Lady Castlemaine do speak of going to lie at Hampton Court;
which she and all our ladies are much troubled at, because of the
King's being forced to show her countenance in the sight of the
Queene when she comes. In the evening Sir G. Carteret and I did
hire a ship for Tangier, and other things together; and I find
that he do single me out to join with me apart from the rest,
which I am much glad of.

11th. In the afternoon to White Hall; and there walked an houre
or two in the Parke, where I saw the King now out of mourning, in
a suit laced with gold and silver, which it is said was out of
fashion. Thence to the Wardrobe; and there consulted with the
ladies about going to Hampton Court to-morrow.

12th. Mr. Townsend called us up by four o'clock; and by five the
three ladies, my wife and I, and Mr. Townsend, his son and
daughter, were got to the barge and set out. We walked from
Mortlake to Richmond, and so to boat again. And from Teddington
to Hampton Court Mr. Townsend and I walked again. And then met
the ladies, and were showed the whole house by Mr. Marriott;
which is indeed nobly furnished, particularly the Queene's bed,
given her by the States of Holland; a looking-glasse sent by the
Queene-mother from France, hanging in the Queene's chamber, and
many brave pictures. And so to barge again; and got home about
eight at night very well.

14th. Dined at the Wardrobe; and after dinner, sat talking an
hour or two alone with my Lady. She is afraid that my Lady
Castlemaine will keep still with the King.

15th. To Westminster; and at the Privy Seale I saw Mr.
Coventry's seal for his being Commissioner with us. At night,
all the bells of the towne rung, and bonfires made for the joy of
the Queene's arrival, who landed at Portsmouth last night. But I
do not see much true joy, but only an indifferent one, in the
hearts of the people, who are much discontented at the pride and
luxury of the Court, and running in debt.

18th. (Whitsunday.) By water to White Hall, and there to chapel
in my pew belonging to me as Clerke of the Privy Seale; and there
I heard a most excellent sermon of Dr. Hacket, Bishop of
Lichfield and Coventry, [John Hacket, elected Bishop of that see
1661, Ob. 1670.] upon these words: "He that drinketh this water
shall never thirst." We had an excellent anthem, sung by Captn.
Cooke and another, and brave musique. And then the King come
down and offered, and took the sacrament upon his knees; a sight
very well worth seeing. After dinner to chapel again; and there
had another good anthem of Captn. Cooke's. Thence to the
Councell-chamber; where the King and Councell sat till almost
eleven o'clock at night, and I forced to walk up and down the
gallerys till that time of night. They were reading all the
bills over that are to pass to-morrow at the House, before the
King's going out of towne and proroguing the House. At last the
Councell risen, Sir G. Carteret told me what the Councell hath
ordered about the ships designed to carry horse from Ireland to
Portugall, which is now altered.

19th. I hear that the House of Commons do think much that they
should be forced to huddle over business this morning against
afternoon, for the King to pass their Acts, that he may go out of
towne. But he, I hear since, was forced to stay till almost nine
o'clock at night before he could have done, and then prorogued
them; and so to Gilford, and lay there.

20th. Sir W. Pen and I did a little business at the office, and
so home again. Then comes Dean Fuller; [Dean of St. Patrick's]
and I am most pleased with his company and goodness.

21st. My wife and I to my Lord's lodging; where she and I staid
walking in White Hall garden. And in the Privy-garden saw the
finest smocks and linnen petticoats of my Lady Castlemaine's,
laced with rich lace at the bottom, that ever I saw: and did me
good to look at them. Sarah told me how the King dined at my
Lady Castlemaine's, and supped, every day and night the last
week; and that the night that the bonfires were made for joy of
the Queene's arrivall, the King was there; but there was no fire
at her door, though at all the rest of the doors almost in the
street; which was much observed: and that the King and she did
send for a pair of scales and weighed one another; and she, being
with child, was said to be heaviest. But she is now a most
disconsolate creature, and comes not out of doors, since the
King's going.

22nd. This morning comes an order from the Secretary of State,
Nicholas, for me to let one Mr. Lee, a Councellor, view what
papers I have relating to passages of the late times, wherein Sir
H. Vane's hand is employed, in order to the drawing up his
charge; which I did.

23rd. To the Wardrobe, reading of the King's and Chancellor's
late speeches at the proroguing of the Houses of Parliament. And
while I was reading, news was brought me that my Lord Sandwich is
come and gone up to my Lady's chamber; which by and by he did,
and looks very well. He very merry, and hath left the King and
Queene at Portsmouth, and is come up to stay here till next
Wednesday, and then to meet the King and Queene at Hampton Court.
So to dinner; and my Lord mighty merry; among other things,
saying that the Queene is a very agreeable lady, and paints well.
After dinner I showed him my letter from Teddiman about the news
from Argier, which pleases him exceedingly; and he writ one to
the Duke of York about it, and sent it express.

24th. Abroad with Mr. Creed, of whom I informed myself of all I
had a mind to know. Among other things, the great difficulty my
Lord hath been in all this summer for lack of good and full
orders from the King: and I doubt our Lords of the Councell do
not mind things as the late powers did, but their pleasure or
profit more. That the Bull Feasts are a simple sport, yet the
greatest in Spaine. That the Queene hath given no rewards to any
of the captains or officers, but only to my Lord Sandwich; and
that was a bag of gold, which was no honorable present, of about;
1400l. sterling. How recluse the Queene hath ever been, and all
the voyage never come upon the deck, nor put her head out of her
cabin; but did love my Lord's musique, and would send for it down
to the state-room, and she sit in her cabin within hearing of it.
But my Lord was forced to have some clashing with the Council of
Portugall about payment of the portion, before he could get it;
which was, besides Tangier and free trade in the Indys, two
millions of crownes, half now, and the other half in twelve
months. But they have brought but little money; but the rest in
sugars and other commoditys, and bills of exchange. That the
King of Portugall is a very foole almost, and his mother do all,
and he is a very poor Prince.

25th. To church, and heard a good sermon of Mr. Woodcocke's at
our church: only in his latter prayer for a woman in childbed,
he prayed that; God would deliver her from the hereditary curse
of childe-bearing, which seemed a pretty strange expression. Out
with Captn. Ferrers to Charing Cross; and there at the Triumph
taverne he showed me some Portugall ladys, which are come to
towne before the Queene. They are not handsome, and their
farthingales a strange dress. Many ladies and persons of quality
come to see them. I find nothing in them that is pleasing; and I
see they have learnt to kiss and look freely up and down already,
and I do believe will soon forget the recluse practice of their
own country. They complain much for lack of good water to drink.
The King's guards and some City companies do walk up and downe
the towne these five or six days; which makes me think, and they
do say, there are some plots in laying.

26th. To the Trinity House; where the Brethren have been at
Deptford choosing a new Master; which is Sir J. Minnes,
notwithstanding Sir W. Batten did contend highly for it; at which
I am not a little pleased, because of his proud lady.

29th. This day, being the King's birth-day, was very solemnly
observed; and the more, for that the Queene this day comes to
Hampton Court. In the evening bonfires were made, but nothing to
the great number that was heretofore at the burning of the Rump.

31st. The Queene is brought a few days since to Hampton Court:
and all people say of her to be a very fine and handsome lady,
and very discreet; and that the King is pleased enough with her:
which, I fear, will put Madam Castlemaine's nose out of joynt.
The Court is wholly now at Hampton. A peace with Argier is
lately made; which is also good news. My Lord Sandwich is lately
come with the Queene from sea, very well and in good repute. The
Act for Uniformity is lately printed, which, it is thought, will
make mad work among the Presbyterian ministers. People of all
sides are very much discontented; some thinking themselves used,
contrary to promise, too hardly; and the other, that they are not
rewarded so much as they expected by the King.

JUNE 3, 1662. At the office, and Mr. Coventry brought his patent and
took his place with us this morning. To the Wardrobe, where I
found my lady come from Hampton Court, where the Queene hath used
her very civilly; and my lady tells me is a most pretty woman.
Yesterday (Sir R. Ford told me) the aldermen of the City did
attend her in their habits, and did present her with a gold cupp
and 1000l. in gold therein. But, he told me, that they are so
poor in their Chamber, that they were fain to call two or three
aldermen to raise fines to make up this sum.

4th. Povy [Thomas Povy, M.P. for Bosiney, 1658 and Treasurer for
Tangier. Evelyn mentions his house in Lincoln's Inn-fields; and
he appears, from an ancient plan of Whitehall Palace, to have had
apartments there.] and Sir W. Batten and I by water to Woolwich;
and there saw an experiment made of Sir R. Ford's Holland's
yarne, (about which we have lately had so much stir; and I have
much concerned myself for our rope-maker, Mr. Hughes, who
represented it so bad,) and we found it to be very bad, and broke
sooner than, upon a fair triall, five threads of that against
four of Riga yarne; and also that some of it had old stuffe that
had been tarred, covered over with new hempe, which is such a
cheat as hath not been heard of.

7th. To the office. I find Mr. Coventry is resolved to do much
good, and to enquire into all the miscarriages of the office. At
noon with him and Sir W. Batten to dinner at Trinity House;
where, among others, Sir J. Robinson, Lieutenant of the Tower,
was, who says that yesterday Sir H. Vane had a full hearing at
the King's Bench, and is found guilty; and that he did never hear
any man argue more simply than he in all his life, and so others
say. Sent for to Sir G. Carteret's. I perceive, as; he told me,
were it not that Mr. Coventry had already feathered his nest in
selling of places, he do like him very well, and hopes great good
from him. But he complains so of lack of money, that my heart is
very sad, under the apprehension of the fall of the office.

10th. All the morning much business; and great hopes of bringing
things, by Mr. Coventry's means, to a good condition in the

12th. I tried on my riding cloth suit with close knees, the
first that ever I had; and I think they will be very convenient.
At the office all the morning. Among other businesses, I did get
a vote signed by all, concerning my issuing of warrants, which
they did not smell the use I intend to make of it; but it is to
plead for my clerks to have their right of giving out all the
warrants. A great difference happened between Sir G. Carteret
and Mr. Coventry, about passing the Victualler's account, and
whether Sir George is to pay the Victualler his money, or the
Exchequer; Sir George claiming it to be his place to save his
three-pences. It ended in anger, and I believe will come to be a
question before the King and Council.

13th. Up by 4 o'clock in the morning, and read Cicero's Second
Oration against Cataline, which pleased me exceedingly: and more
I discern therein than ever I thought was to be found in him; but
I perceive it was my ignorance, and that he is as good a writer
as ever I read in my life. By and by to Sir G. Carteret's, to
talk with him about yesterday's difference at the office; and
offered my service to look into my old books or papers that I
have, that may make for him. He was well pleased therewith, and
did much inveigh against Mr. Coventry; telling me how he had done
him service in the Parliament, when Prin had drawn up things
against him for taking of money for places; that he did at his
desire, and upon his letters, keep him off from doing it. And
many other things he told me, as how the King was beholden to
him, and in what a miserable condition his family would be, if he
should die before he hath cleared his accounts. Upon the whole,
I do find that he do much esteem of me, and is my friend.

14th. About 11 o'clock, having a room got ready for us, we all
went out to the Tower-hill; and there, over against the scaffold,
made on purpose this day, saw Sis Henry Vane brought. A very
great press of people. He made a long speech, many times
interrupted by the Sheriffe and others there; and they would have
taken his paper out of his hand, but he would not let it go. But
they caused all the books of those that writ after him to be
given the Sheriffe; and the trumpets were brought under the
scaffold that he might not be heard. Then he prayed, and so
fitted himself, and received the blow; but the scaffold was so
crowded that we could not see it done. But Boreman, who had been
upon the scaffold, told us, that first he began to speak of the
irregular proceeding against him; that he was, against Magna
Charta, denied to have his exceptions against the indictment
allowed; and that there he was stopped by the Sheriffe. Then he
drew out his paper of notes, and begun to tell them first his
life; that he was born a gentleman; he had been, till he was
seventeen years old, a good fellow, but then it pleased God to
lay a foundation of grace in his heart, by which he was
persuaded, against his worldly interest, to leave all preferment
and go abroad, where he might serve God with more freedom. Then
he was called home; and made a member of the Long Parliament;
where he never did, to this day, any thing against his
conscience, but all for the glory of God. Here he would have
given them an account of the proceedings of the Long Parliament,
but they so often interrupted him, that at last he was forced to
give over: and so fell into prayer for England in generall, then
for the churches in England, and then for the City of London:
and so fitted himself for the block, and received the blow. He
had a blister, or issue, upon his neck, which he desired them not
to hurt: he changed not his colour or speech to the last, but
died justifying himself and the cause he had stood for; and spoke
very confidently of his being presently at the right hand of
Christ; and in all things appeared the most resolved man that
ever died in that manner, and showed more of heate than
cowardize, but yet with all humility and gravity. One asked him
why he did not pray for the King. He answered, "You shall see I
can pray for the King: I pray God bless him!" The King had
given his body to his friends; and, therefore, he told them that
he hoped they would be civil to his body when dead; and desired
they would let him die like a gentleman and a Christian, and not
crowded and pressed as he was. So to the office a little, and to
the Trinity-house, and there all of us to dinner; and to the
office again all the afternoon till night. This day, I hear, my
Lord Peterborough is come unexpected from Tangier, to give the
King an account of the place, which, we fear, is in none of the
best condition. We had also certain news to-day that the
Spaniard is before Lisbone with thirteen sayle; six Dutch, and
the rest his own ships; which will, I fear, be ill for Portugall.
I writ a letter of all this day's proceedings to my Lord, at

18th. Up early; and after reading a little in Cicero, to my
office. To my Lord Crewe's and dined with him; where I hear the
courage of Sir H. Vane at his death is talked on every where as a
miracle. I walked to Lilly's, the painter's, [Peter Lely, the
celebrated painter, afterwards knighted. Ob. 1680.] where I saw
among other rare things, the Duchesse of York, her whole body,
sitting in state in a chair, in white sattin, and another of the
King's, that is not finished; most rare things. I did give the
fellow something that showed them us, and promised to come some
other time, and he would show me Lady Castlemaine's, which I
could not then see, it being locked up! Thence to Wright's, the
painter's: [Michael Wright, a native of Scotland, and portrait-
painter of some note, settled in London.] but, Lord! the
difference that is between their two works.

20th. Drew up the agreement between the King and Sir John Winter
[Secretary and Chancellor to the Queen Dowager.] about the
Forrest of Deane; and having done it, he come himself, (I did not
know him to be the Queene's Secretary before, but observed him to
be a man of fine parts); and we read it, and both liked it well,
That done, I turned to the Forrest of Deane, in Speede's Mapps,
and there he showed me how it lies; and the Sea-bayly, with the
great charge of carrying it to Lydny, and many other things worth
my knowing; and I do perceive that I am very short in my business
by not knowing many times the geographical part of my business.

I went to the Exchange, and I hear that the merchants have a
great fear of a breach with the Spaniard; for they think he will
not brook our having Tangier, Dunkirke, and Jamaica; and our
merchants begin to draw home their estates as fast as they can.

21st. At noon, Sir W. Pen and I to the Trinity House; where was
a feast made by the Wardens. Great good cheer, and much but
ordinary company. The Lieutenant of the Tower, upon my demanding
how Sir H. Vane died, told me that he died in a passion; but all
confess with so much courage as never man did.

22nd. This day I am told of a Portugall lady, at Hampton Court,
that hath dropped a child already since the Queene's coming, and
the King would not have them searched whose it is; and so it is
not commonly known yet. Coming home to-night, I met with Will.
Swan, who do talk as high for the Fanatiques as ever he did in
his life; and do pity my Lord Sandwich and me that we should be
given up to the wickedness of the world; and that a fall is
coming upon us all; for he finds that he and his company are the
true spirit of the nation, and the greater part of the nation
too, who will have liberty of conscience in spite of this "Act of
Uniformity," or they will die; and if they may not preach abroad,
they will preach in their own houses. He told me that certainly
Sir H. Vane must be gone to Heaven, for he died as much a martyr
and saint as ever man did; and that the King hath lost more by
that man's death, than he will get again a good while. At all
which I know not what to think; but, I confess, I do think that
the Bishops will never be able to carry it so high as they do.
Meeting with Frank Moore, my Lord Lambeth's man formerly, we, and
two or three friends of his did go to a taverne; but one of our
company, a talking fellow, did in discourse say much of this Act
against Seamen, for their being brought to account; and that it
was made on purpose for my Lord Sandwich, who was in debt
100,000l. and hath been forced to have pardon oftentimes from
Oliver for the same: at, which I was vexed.

24th. At night news is brought me that Field the rogue hath this
day cast me at Guildhall in 30l. for his imprisonment, to which I
signed his commitment with the rest of the officers; but they
having been parliament-men, he do begin the law with me; but
threatens more.

26th. Mr. Nicholson, [Thomas Nicholson, A.M., 1672.] my old
fellow-student at Magdalene, come, and we played three or four
things upon the violin and basse.

27th. To my Lord, who rose as soon as be heard I was there; and
in his night-gowne and shirt stood talking with me alone two
hours, I believe, concerning his greatest matters of state and
interest,--among other things, that his greatest design is,
first, to get clear of all debts to the King for the Embassy
money, and then a pardon. Then, to get his land settled; and
then to discourse and advise what is best for him, whether to
keep his sea employment longer or no. For he do discern that the
Duke would be willing to have him out, and that by Coventry's
means. And here he told me, how the terms at Argier were wholly
his; and that be did plainly tell Lawson and agree with him, that
he would have the honour of them, if they should ever be agreed
to; and that accordingly they did come over hither entitled,
"Articles concluded on by Sir J. Lawson, according to
instructions received from His Royal Highness James Duke of York,
&c. and from His Excellency the Earle of Sandwich." (Which
however was more than needed; but Lawson tells my Lord in his
letter, that it was not he, but the Council of Warr that would
have "His Royal Highness" put into the title, though he did not
contribute one word to it.) But the Duke of York did yesterday
propose them to the Council, to be printed with this title:
"Concluded on by Sir J. Lawson, Knt." and my Lord quite left out.
Here I find my Lord very politique; for he tells me, that he
discerns they design to set up Lawson as much, as they can: and
that he do counterplot them by setting him up higher still; by
which they will find themselves spoiled of their design, and at
last grow jealous of Lawson. This he told me with much pleasure;
and that several of the Duke's servants, by name my Lord
Barkeley, Mr. Talbot, and others, had complained to my Lord, of
Coventry, and would have him out. My Lord do acknowledge that
his greatest obstacle is Coventry. He did seem to hint such a
question as this: "Hitherto I have been supported by the King
and Chancellor against the Duke; but what if it should come
about, that it should be the Duke and Chancellor against the
King:" which, though he said it in several plain words, yet I
could not fully understand it; but may more hereafter. My Lord
did also tell me, that the Duke himself at Portsmouth did thank
my Lord for all his pains and care; and that he perceived it must
be the old Captains that must do the business; and that the new
ones would spoil all. And that my Lord did very discreetly tell
the Duke, (though quite against his judgement and inclination)
that, however, the King's new captaines ought to be borne with a
little and encouraged. By which he will oblige that party, and
prevent, as much as may be, their entry; but he says certainly
things will go to rack if ever the old captains should be wholly
out, and the new ones only command.

I met Sir W. Pen; he told me the day now was fixed for his going
into Ireland; and that whereas I had mentioned some service he
could do a friend of mine there, Saml. Pepys, [Mentioned
elsewhere as "My cousin in Ireland."] he told me he would most
readily do what I would command him.

28th. Great talk there is of a fear of a war with the Dutch; and
we have order to pitch upon twenty ships to be forthwith set out;
but I hope it is but; a scare-crow to the world, to let them see
that we can be ready for them; though, God knows! the King is
not able to set out five ships at this present without great
difficulty, we neither having money, credit, nor stores.

30th. Told my Lady (Carteret) how my Lady Fanshaw [Anne,
daughter of Sir John Harrison, wife of Sir Richard Fanshawe. She
wrote Memoirs of her life,--VIDE SEWARDS ANECDOTES.] is fallen
out with her only for speaking in behalf of the French, which my
Lady wonders at, they having been formerly like sisters. Thence
to my house, where I took great pride to lead her through the
Court by the hand, she being very fine, and her page carrying up
her train.


This I take to be as bad a juncture as ever I observed. The King
and his new Queene minding their pleasures at Hampton Court. All
people discontented; some that the King do not gratify them
enough; and the others, Fanatiques of all sorts, that the King do
take away their liberty of conscience; and the height of the
Bishops, who I fear will ruin all again. They do much cry up the
manner of Sir H. Vane's death, and he deserves it. Much clamour
against the chimney-money; and the people say, they will not pay
it without force. And in the meantime, like to have war abroad;
and Portugall to assist, when we have not money to pay for any
ordinary layings-out at home.

JULY 2, 1662. Up while the chimes went four, and so put down my
journal. So to my office, to read over such instructions as
concern the officers of the Yard; for I am much upon seeing into
the miscarriages there. By and by, by appointment, comes
Commissioner Pett; and then a messenger from Mr. Coventry, who
sits in his boat expecting us. So we down to him at the Tower,
and there took water all, and to Deptford, (he in our passage
taking notice how much difference there is between the old
Captains for obedience and order, and the King's new Captains,
which I am very glad to hear him confess); and there we went into
the Store-house, and viewed first the provisions there, and then
his books, (but Mr. Davis himself was not there); and I do not
perceive that there is one-third of their duties performed; but
I perceive, to my great content, Mr. Coventry will have things
performed. In the evening come Mr. Lewis to me, and very
ingeniously did enquire whether I ever did look into the business
of the Chest at Chatham; and after my readiness to be informed
did appear to him, he did produce a paper, wherein he stated the
government of the Chest to me; and upon the whole did tell me how
it hath ever been abused, and to this day is; and what a
meritorious act it would be to look after it; which I am resolved
to do, if God bless me: and do thank him very much for it.

3rd. Dined with the Officers of the Ordnance; where Sir W.
Compton, Mr. O'Neale, and other great persons, were. After
dinner, was brought to Sir W. Compton a gun to discharge seven
times; the best of all devices that ever I saw, and very
serviceable, and not a bawble; for it is much approved of, and
many thereof made.

6th. To supper with my Lady (Sandwich); who tells me, with much
trouble, that my Lady Castlemaine is still as great with the
King, and that the King comes as often to her as ever he did.
Jack Cole, my old friend, found me out at the Wardrobe; and,
among other things, he told me that certainly most; of the chief
ministers of London would fling up their livings; and that, soon
or late, the issue thereof would be sad to the King and Court.

8th. To the Wardrobe; where, all alone with my Lord above an
hour; and he do seem still to have his old confidence in me; and
tells me to boot, that Mr. Coventry hath spoke of me to him to
great advantage; wherein I am much pleased. By and by comes in
Mr. Coventry to visit my Lord; and so my Lord and he and I walked
together in the great chamber a good while; and I found him a
most ingenuous man and good company.

16th. This day I was told that my Lady Castlemaine (being quite
fallen out with her husband) did yesterday go away from him, with
all her plate, jewels, and other best things; and is gone to
Richmond to a brother of hers; which, I am apt to think, was a
design to get out of town, that the King might come at her the

17th. To my office, and by and by to our sitting; where much
business. Mr. Coventry took his leave, being to go with the Duke
over for the Queene-Mother.

19th. In the afternoon I went upon the river: it raining hard
upon the water, I put ashore and sheltered myself, while the King
come by in his barge, going down towards the Downes to meet the
Queene: the Duke being gone yesterday. But methought it
lessened my esteem of a king, that he should not be able to
command the rain.

21st. To Woolwich to the Rope-yard; and there looked over
several sorts of hemp, and did fall upon my great survey of
seeing the working and experiments of the strength and the charge
in the dressing of every sort; and I do think have brought it to
so great a certainty, as I have done the King some service in it;
and do purpose to get it ready against the Duke's coming to towne
to present to him. I see it is impossible for the King to have
things done as cheap as other men.

22nd. I had letters from the Downes from Mr. Coventry; who tells
me of the foul weather they had last Sunday, that drove them back
from near Bologne, whither they were going for the Queene, back
again to the Downes, with the loss of their cables, sayles, and
masts; but are all safe, only my Lord Sandwich, who went before
with the yacht: they know not what is become of him, which do
trouble me much; but I hope he got ashore before the storm begun;
which God grant!

23rd. Much disturbed, by reason of the talk up and downe the
towne, that my Lord Sandwich is lost: but I trust in God the

24th. I hear, to my great content, that my Lord Sandwich is safe
landed in France.

26th. I had a letter from Mr. Creed, who hath escaped narrowly
in the King's yacht, and got safe to the Downes after the late
storm; and he says that there the King do tell him, that he is
sure my Lord is landed in Callis safe. This afternoon I went to
Westminster: and there hear that the King and Queene intend to
come to White Hall from Hampton Court next week, for all winter.
Thence to Mrs. Sarah, [Lord Sandwich's Housekeeper.] and there
looked over my Lord's lodgings, which are very pretty; and White
Hall garden and the Bowling-ally (where lords and ladies are now
at bowles), in brave condition. Mrs. Sarah told me how the
falling out between my Lady Castlemaine and her Lord was about
christening of the child lately, which he would have, and had
done by a priest: and some days after, she had it again
christened by a minister; the King, and Lord of Oxford, [Aubrey
de Vere, twentieth and last Earl of Oxford. Ob. 1702-3. s. p.]
and Duchesse of Suffolk [Perhaps a mistake for Countess, as there
was no Duchess of Suffolk at that period.] being witnesses: and
christened with a proviso, that it had not already been
christened. Since that she left her Lord, carrying away every
thing in the house; so much as every dish, and cloth, and servant
but the porter. He is gone discontented into France, they say,
to enter a monastery; and now she is coming back again to her
house in King-streete. But I hear that the Queene did prick her
out of the list presented her by the King; desiring that she
might have that favour done her, or that he would send her from
whence she come: and that the King was angry and the Queene
discontented a whole day and night upon it; but that the King
hath promised to have nothing to do with her hereafter. But I
cannot believe that the King can fling her off so, he loving her
too well: and so I writ this night to my Lady to be my opinion;
she calling her my lady, and the lady I admire. Here I find that
my Lord hath lost the garden to his lodgings, and that it is
turning into a tennis-court.

27th. I to walk in the Parke, which is now every day more and
more pleasant, by the new works upon it.

28th. Walked to the water-side, and there took boat for the
Tower; hearing that the Queene-Mother is come this morning
already as high as Woolwich: and that my Lord Sandwich was with
her; at which my heart was glad.

30th. By water to White Hall, and there waited upon my Lord
Sandwich; and joyed him, at his lodgings, of his safe coming home
after all his danger, which he confesses to be very great. And
his people do tell me how bravely my Lord did carry himself,
while my Lord Crofts [William Crofts, created Baron Crofts of
Saxham in Suffolk 1658 and died s.p. 1677.] did cry; and I
perceive all the town talk how poorly he carried himself. But
the best was one of Mr. Rawlins, a courtier, that was with my
Lord; and in the greatest danger cried, "My Lord I won't give you
three-pence for your place now." But all ends in the honour of
the pleasure-boats; which, had they not been very good boats,
they could never have endured the sea as they did.

31st. At noon Mr. Coventry and I by his coach to the Exchange
together; and in Lombard-Streete met Captn. Browne of the
Rosebush: at which he was cruel angry; and did threaten to go
to-day to the Duke at Hampton Court, and get him turned out
because he was not sailed.

AUGUST 3, 1662. This day Commissioner Pett told me how
despicable a thing it is to be a hangman in Poland, although it
be a place of credit. And that, in his time, there was some
repairs to be made of the gallows there, which was very fine of
stone; but nobody could be got to mend it till the Burgo-master,
or Mayor of the towne, with all the companies of those trades
which were necessary to be used about those repairs, did go in
their habits with flags, in solemn procession to the place, and
there the Burgo-master did give the first blow with the hammer
upon the wooden work; and the rest of the Masters of the Companys
upon the works belonging to their trades; that so workmen might
not be ashamed to be employed upon doing of the gallows works.

6th. By water to White Hall; and so to St. James's; but there
found Mr. Coventry gone to Hampton Court. So to my Lord's; and
he is also gone: this being a great day at the Council about
some business before the King. Here Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon,
told me how Mr. Edward Montagu hath lately had a duell with Mr.
Cholmely, that is first gentleman-usher to the Queene, and was a
messenger to her from the King of Portugall, and is a fine
gentleman; but had received many affronts from Mr. Montagu, and
some unkindness from my Lord, upon his score, (for which I am
sorry.) He proved too hard for Montagu, and drove him so far
backward that he fell into a ditch, and dropt his sword, but with
honour would take no advantage over him; but did give him his
life: and the world says Mr. Montagu did carry himself very
poorly in the business, and hath lost his honour for ever with
all people in it. This afternoon Mr. Waith was with me, and did
tell me much concerning the Chest, which I am resolved to look
into; and I perceive he is sensible of Sir W. Batten's carriage;
and is pleased to see any thing work against him.

8th. Dined with Mr. Falconer; thence we walked talking all the
way to Greenwich, and I do find excellent discourse from him.
Among other things, his rule of suspecting every man that
proposes any thing to him to be a knave; or, at least, to have
some ends of his own in it. Being led thereto by the story of
Sir John Millicent, that would have had a patent from King James
for every man to have had leave to have gives him a shilling; and
that he might take it of every man that had a mind to give it;
and what he would do to them that would not give him. He
answered, he would not force them; but that they should come to
the Council of State, to give a reason why they would not.
Another rule is a proverb that he hath been taught, which is that
a man that cannot sit still in his chamber, (the reason of which
I did not understand,) and he that cannot say no, (that is, that
is of so good a nature that he cannot deny any thing, or cross
another in doing any thing) is not fit for business. The last of
which is a very great fault of mine, which I must amend in.

9th. Mr. Coventry and I alone eat at the office all the morning
upon business. And so to dinner to Trinity House, and thence by
his coach towards White Hall; but there being a stop at the
Savoy, we light and took water, and my Lord Sandwich being out of
towne, we parted there.

10th. I walked to St. Dunstan's, the church being now finished;
and here I heard Dr. Bates, [Dr. Bates, a celebrated
Nonconformist divine.] who made a most eloquent sermon; and I am
sorry I have hitherto had so low an opinion of the man, for I
have not heard a neater sermon a great while, and more to my
content. My uncle Fenner told me the new service-booke (which is
now lately come forth) was laid upon their deske at St.
Sepulchre's for Mr. George to read; but he laid it aside, and
would not meddle with it: and I perceive the Presbyters do all
prepare to give over all against Bartholomewtide. Mr. Herring,
being lately turned out at St. Bride's, did read the psalme to
the people while they sung at Dr. Bates's, which methought is a
strange turn. After dinner to St, Bride's, and there heard one
Carpenter, an old man, who, they say, hath been a Jesuite priest,
and is come over to us; but he preached very well. Mr. Calamy
hath taken his farewell this day of his people, and others will
do so the next Sunday. Mr. Turner, [Sir William Turner, Lord
Mayor of London, 1669.] the draper, I hear, is knighted, made
Alderman, and pricked for Sheriffe, with Sir Thomas Bluddel, [A
mistake for Bludworth.] for the next year, by the King, and so
are called with great honour the King's Sheriffes.

13th. Up early, and to my office. By and by we met on purpose
to enquire into the business of flag-makers, where I am the
person that do chiefly manage the business against them on the
King's part; and I do find it the greatest cheat that I have yet
found; they having eightpence per yard allowed them by pretence
of a contract, where no such thing appears; and it is threepence
more than was formerly paid, and than I now offer the board to
have them done. To Lambeth; and there saw the little pleasure-
boat in building by the King, my Lord Brunkard, [William, second
Lord Brouncker, Viscount of castle Lyons; created M.D. in 1642 at
Oxford: Keeper of the Great Seal to the Queen; a Commissioner of
the Admiralty; and Master of St. Catherine's Hospital. He was a
man of considerable talents, and some years President of the
Royal Society. Ob. 1684, aged 64.] and the virtuosoes of the
towne, according to new lines, which Mr. Pett cries up mightily,
but how it will prove we shall soon see.

14th. Commissioner Pett and I being invited, went by Sir John
Winter's coach sent for us, to the Miter, in Fanchurch-street, to
a venison-pasty; where I found him a very worthy man; and good
discourse. Most of which was concerning the Forest of Deane, and
the timber there, and iron-workes with their great antiquity, and
the vast heaps of cinders, which they find, and are now of great
value, being necessary for the making of Iron at this day ; and
without which they cannot work: with the age of many trees there
left at a great fall in Edward the Third's time, by the name of
forbid-trees, which at this day, are called vorbid trees.

15th. I went to Paul's Church Yard to my bookseller's; and there
I hear that next Sunday will be the last of a great many
Presbyterian ministers in towne, who, I hear, will give up all.
I pray God the issue may be good, for the discontent is great.
My mind well pleased with a letter that I found at home from Mr.
Coventry, expressing his satisfaction in a letter I writ last
night, and sent him this morning, to be corrected by him in order
to its sending down to all the Yards as a charge to them.

17th. This being the last Sunday that the Presbyterians are to
preach, unless they read the new Common Prayer and renounce the
Covenant, I had a mind to hear Dr. Bates's farewell sermon; and
walked to St Dunstan's, where, it not being seven o'clock yet,
the doors were not open; and so I walked an hour in the Temple-
garden. At eight o'clock I went, and crowded in at a back door
among others, the church being half-full almost before any doors
were open publicly; and so got into the gallery, beside the
pulpit, and heard very well. His text was, "Now the God of
Peace--;" the last Hebrews, and the 20th verse: he making a very
good sermon, and very little reflections in it to any thing of
the times. To Madam Turner's, and dined with her. She had heard
Parson Herring take his leave; tho' he, by reading so much of the
Common Prayer as he did, hath cast himself out of the good
opinion of both sides. After dinner to St. Dunstan's again; and
the church quite crowded before I come, which was just at one
o'clock; but I got into the gallery again, but stood in a crowd.
He [Dr. Bates.] pursued his text again very well; and only at
the conclusion told us, after this manner: "I do believe that
many of you do expect that I should say something to you in
reference to the time, this being the last time that possibly I
may appear here. You know not it is not my manner to speak
anything in the pulpit that is extraneous to my text and
business; yet this I shall say, that it is not my opinion,
fashion, or humour that keeps me from complying with what is
required of us; but something after much prayer, discourse, and
study yet remains unsatisfied, and commands me herein.
Wherefore, if it is my unhappinesse not to receive such an
illuminacion as should direct me to do otherwise, I know no
reason why men should not pardon me in this world, as I am
confident God will pardon me for it in the next." And so he
concluded. Parson Herring read a psalme and chapters before
sermon; and one was the chapter in the Acts, where the story of
Ananias and Sapphira is. And after he had done, says he, "This
is just the case of England at present. God he bids us to
preach, and men bid us not to preach; and if we do, we are to be
imprisoned and further punished. All that I can say to it is,
that I beg your prayers, and the prayers of all good Christians,
for us." This was all the exposition be made of the chapter in
these very words, and no more. I was much pleased with Bates's
manner of bringing in the Lord's Prayer after his owne; thus, "In
whose comprehensive words we sum up all our imperfect desires;
saying, 'Our Father,'" &c. I hear most of the Presbyters took
their leaves to-day, and that the City is much dissatisfied with
it. I pray God keep peace among men in their rooms, or else all
will fly a-pieces; for bad ones will not go down with the City.

18th. Mr. Deane [Anthony Deane, afterwards knighted and M.P. for
Harwich; a commissioner of the Navy, 1672.] of Woolwich and I
rid into Waltham Forest, and there we saw many trees of the
King's a-hewing; and he showed me the whole mystery of off
square, wherein the King is abused in the timber that he buys,
which I shall with much pleasure be able to correct. We rode to
Illford, and there, while dinner was getting ready, he and I
practised measuring of the tables and other things till I did
understand measure of timber and board very well.

19th. At the office; and Mr. Coventry did tell us of the duell
between Mr. Jermyn, [He became Baron Jermyn on the death of his
uncle, the Earl of St. Alban's, 1683; and died unmarried, 1703.]
nephew to my Lord St. Alban's, and Colonel Giles Rawlins, the
latter of whom is killed, and the first mortally wounded, as it
is thought. They fought against Captain Thomas Howard,
[According to Collins, Lord Carlisle's brother's name was
Charles.] my Lord Carlisle's brother, and another unknown; who,
they say, had armor on that they could not be hurt, so that one
of their swords went up to the hilt against it. They had horses
ready, and are fled. But what is most strange, Howard sent one
challenge before, but they could not meet till yesterday at the
old Pall Mall at St. James's, and he would not to the last tell
Jermyn what the quarrel was; nor do any body know. The Court is
much concerned in this fray, and I am glad of it; hoping that it
will cause some good laws against it. After sitting, Sir G.
Carteret did tell me how he had spoke of me to my Lord
Chancellor, and that if my Lord Sandwich would ask my Lord
Chancellor, he should know what he had said of me to him to my

20th. To my Lord Sandwich, whom I found in bed. Among other
talk, he do tell me that he hath put me into commission with a
great many great persons in the business of Tangier, which is a
very great honour to me, and may be of good concernment to me.
By and by comes in Mr. Coventry to us, whom my Lord tells that he
is also put into the commission, and that I am there, of which he
said he was glad; and did tell my Lord that I was indeed the life
of this office, and much more to my commendation beyond measure.
And that, whereas before he did bear me respect for his sake, so
he do it now much more for my own; which is a great blessing to
me. Sir G. Carteret having told me what he did yesterday
concerning his speaking to my Lord Chancellor about me. So that
on all hands, by God's blessing, I find myself a very rising man.
By and by comes my Lord Peterborough in, with whom we talked a
good while, and he is going to-morrow toward Tangier again. I
perceive there is yet good hopes of peace with Guyland [A Moorish
usurper, who had put himself at the head of an army for the
purpose of attacking Tangier.] which is of great concernment to

23rd. Mr. Coventry and I did walk together a great while in the
Garden, where he did tell me his mind about Sir G. Carteret's
having so much the command of the money, which must be removed.
And indeed it is the bane of all our business. He observed to
me also how Sir W. Batten begins to struggle and to look after
his business. I also put him upon getting an order from the Duke
for our inquiries into the Chest, which he will see done.

Mr. Creed and I walked down to the Tylt Yard, and so all along
Thames-street, but could not get a boat: I offered eight
shillings for a boat to attend me this afternoon, and they would
not, it being the day of the Queene's coming to town from Hampton
Court. So we fairly walked in to White Hall, and through my
Lord's lodgings we got into White Hall garden, and so to the
Bowling-greene, and up to the top of the new Banqueting House
there, over the Thames, which was a most pleasant place as any I
could have got; and all the show consisted chiefly in the number
of boats and barges; and two pageants, one of a King, and another
of a Queene, with her Maydes of Honour sitting at her feet very
prettily; and they tell me the Queene is Sir Richard Ford's
daughter. Anon come the King and Queene in a barge under a
canopy with 1000 barges and boats I know, for we could see no
water for them, nor discern the King nor Queene. And so they
landed at White Hall Bridge, and the great guns on the other side
went off. But that which pleased me best was, that my Lady
Castlemaine stood over against us upon a piece of White Hall.
But methought it was strange to see her Lord and her upon the
same place walking up and down without taking notice one of
another, only at first entry he put off his hat, and she made him
a very civil salute, but afterwards took no notice one of
another; but both of them now and then would take their child,
which the nurse held in her armes, and dandle it. One thing
more; there happened a scaffold below to fall, and we feared some
hurt, but there was none, but she of all the great ladies only
run down among the common rabble to see what hurt was done, and
did take care of a child that received some little hurt, which
methought was so noble. Anon there come one there booted and
spurred that she talked along with. And by and by, she being in
her haire, she put on his hat, which was but an ordinary one, to
keep the wind off. But it become her mightily, as every thing
else do.

24th. Walked to my uncle Wight's: here I staid supper, and much
company there was; among others, Dr. Burnett, Mr. Cole the
lawyer, Mr. Rawlinson, and Mr. Sutton. Among other things they
tell me that there hath been a disturbance in a church in Friday-
street; a great many young people knotting together and crying
out "Porridge" often and seditiously in the Church, and they took
the Common Prayer Book, they say, away; and, some say, did tear
it; but it is a thing which appears to me very ominous. I pray
God avert it.

31st. To Mr. Rawlinson's, and there supped with him. Our
discourse of the discontents that are abroad, among, and by
reason of the Presbyters. Some were clapped up to-day, and
strict watch is kept in the City by the train-bands, and abettors
of a plot are taken. God preserve us, for all these things bode
very ill.

SEPTEMBER 1, 1662. With Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen by coach
to St. James's, this being the first day of our meeting there by
the Duke's order; but when we come, we found him going out by
coach with his Duchesse, and he told us he was to go abroad with
the Queene to-day, (to Durdan's, it seems, to dine with my Lord
Barkeley, [Lord Berkeley's seat near Epsom.] where I have been
very merry when I was a little boy;) so we went and staid a
little at Mr. Coventry's chamber, and I to my Lord Sandwich's,
who is gone to wait upon the King and Queene to-day.

Sept. 3. Mr. Coventry told us how the Fanatiques and Presbyters,
that did intend to rise about this time, did choose this day as
the most auspicious to them in their endeavours against monarchy:
it being fatal twice to the King, and the day of Oliver's death.
But, blessed be God! all is likely to be quiet, I hope. Dr.
Fairbrother tells me, what I heard confirmed since, that it was
fully resolved by the King's new Council that an indulgence
should be granted the Presbyters; but upon the Bishop of London's
[Gilbert Sheldon.] speech, (who is now one of the most powerful
men in England with the King,) their minds were wholly turned.
And it is said that my Lord Albemarle did oppose him most; but
that I do believe is only an appearance. He told me also that
most of the Presbyters now begin to wish they had complied, now
they see that no indulgence will be granted them, which they
hoped for; and that the Bishop of London hath taken good care
that places are supplied with very good and able men, which is
the only thing that will keep all quiet.

4th. At noon to the Trinity House, where we treated, very dearly
I believe, the officers of the Ordnance; where was Sir W. Compton
and the Lieutenant of the Tower. We had much and good musique.
Sir Wm. Compton I heard talk with great pleasure of the
difference between the fleet now and in Queene Elizabeth's days;
where, in 88, she had but 36 sail great and small, in the world;
and ten rounds of powder was their allowance at that time against
the Spaniard.

5th. By water to Woolwich: in my way saw the yacht lately built
by our virtuosoes (my Lord Brunkard and others, with the help of
Commissioner Pett also,) set out from Greenwich with the little
Dutch bezan, to try for mastery; and before they got to Woolwich
the Dutch beat them half-a-mile; (and I hear this afternoon,
that, in coming home, it got above three miles;) which all our
people are glad of. To Mr. Bland's, the merchant, by invitation;
where I found all the officers of the Customs, very grave fine
gentlemen, and I am very glad to know them; viz.--Sir Job Harvy,
Sir John Wolstenholme [Sir John Wolstenholme; created a Baronet,
1664. An intimate friend of Lord Clarendon's; and collector
outward for the Port of London. Ob. 1679.], Sir John Jacob, [Sir
John Jacob of Bromley, Middlesex; created a Baronet, 1664, for
his loyalty and zeal for the Royal Family. Ob. 1665-6.] Sir
Nicholas Crisp, Sir John Harrison, and Sir John Shaw: [Sir John
Shaw was created a Baronet in 1665, for his services in lending
the King large sums of money during his exile. Ob. 1679-80.]
very good company. And among other discourse, some was of Sir
Jerom Bowes, Embassador from Queene Elizabeth to the Emperor of
Russia; [In 1583: the object of his mission being to persuade
the Muscovite to a peace with John, King of Sweden. He was also
employed to confirm the trade of the English with Russia; and,
having incurred some personal danger, was received with favour on
his return by the Queen. He died in 1616. There is a portrait
of him in Lord Suffolk's collection at Charlton.] who, because
some of the noblemen there would go up-stairs to the Emperor
before him, he would not go up till the Emperor had ordered those
two men to be dragged down-stairs, with their heads knocking upon
every stair till they were killed. And when he was come up, they
demanded his sword of him before he entered the room. He told
them, if they would have his sword, they should have his boots
too. And so caused his boots to be pulled off, and his night-
gown and night-cap and slippers to be sent for; and made the
Emperor stay till he could go in his night-dress, since he might
not go as a soldier. And lastly when the Emperor in contempt, to
show his command of his subjects did command one to leap from the
window down and broke his neck in the sight of our Embassador, he
replied that his mistress did set more by, and did make better
use of the necks of her subjects: but said, that, to show what
her subjects would do for her, he would, and did, fling down his
gantlett before the Emperor; and challenged all the nobility
there to take it up, in defence of the Emperor against his
Queene; for which, at this very day, the name of Sir Jerom Bowes
is famous and honoured there. I this day heard that Mr. Martin
Noell is knighted by the King, which I much wonder at; but yet he
is certainly a very useful man.

7th. Home with Mr. Fox and his lady; and there dined with them.
Most of our discourse was what ministers are flung out that will
not conform: and the care of the Bishop of London that we are
here supplied with very good men. Meeting Mr. Pierce, the
chyrurgeon, he took me into Somersett House; and there carried me
into the Queene-Mother's presence-chamber, where she was with our
own Queene sitting on her left hand (whom I did never see
before); and though she be not very charming, yet she hath a
good, modest, and innocent look, which is pleasing. Here I also
saw Madam Castlemaine, and, which pleased me most, Mr. Crofts,
[James, son of Charles II. by Mrs. Lucy Waters; who bore the name
of Crofts till he was created Duke of Monmouth in 1662,
previously to his marriage with Lady Anne Scot, daughter to
Francis, Earl of Buccleuch.] the King's bastard, a most pretty
sparke of about 15 years old, who, I perceive, do hang much upon
my Lady Castlemaine, and is always with her; and, I hear, the
Queenes both are mighty kind to him. By and by in comes the
King, and anon the Duke and his Duchesse; so that, they being all
together, was such a sight as I never could almost have happened
to see with so much ease and leisure. They staid till it was
dark, and then went away; the King and his Queene, and my Lady
Castlemaine and young Crofts, in one coach and the rest in other
coaches. Here were great stores of great ladies, but very few
handsome. The King and Queene were very merry; and he would have
made the Queene-Mother believe that his Queene was with child,
and said that she said so. And the young Queene answered, "You
lye;" which was the first English word that I ever heard her say:
which made the King good sport; and he would have made her say in
English, "Confess and be hanged."

8th. With Mr. Coventry to the Duke; who, after he was out of his
bed, did send for us in; and, when he was quite ready, took us
into his closet, and there told us that he do intend to renew the
old custom for the Admirals to have their principal officers to
meet them once a-week, to give them an account what they have
done that week; which I am glad of: and so the rest did tell His
Royal Highness that I could do it best for the time past. And so
I produced my short notes, and did give him an account of all
that we have of late done; and proposed to him several things for
his commands, which he did give us, and so dismissed us.

12th. This day, by letters from my father, I hear that Captn.
Ferrers, who is with my Lord in the country, was at Brampton
(with Mr. Creed) to see him; and that a day or two ago being
provoked to strike one of my Lord's footmen, the footman drew his
sword, and hath almost cut the fingers of one of his hands off;
which I am very sorry for: but this is the vanity of being apt
to command and strike.

14th. To White Hall chapel, where sermon almost done, and I
heard Captn. Cooke's new musique. This the first day of having
vialls and other instruments to play a symphony between every
verse of the anthems; but the musique more full than it was the
last Sunday, and very fine it is. But yet I could discern Captn.
Cooke to overdo his part at singing, which I never did before.
Thence up into the Queene's presence, and there saw the Queene
again as I did last Sunday, and some fine ladies with her; but,
my troth, not many. Thence to Sir G. Carteret's.

15th. By water with Sir Wm. Pen to White Hall; and, with much
ado, was fain to walk over the piles through the bridge, while
Sir W. Batten and Sir J. Minnes were aground against the bridge,
and could not in a great while get through. At White Hall we
hear that the Duke of York is gone a-hunting to-day; and so we
returned: they going to the Duke of Albemarle's, where I left
them (after I had observed a very good picture or two there).

18th. At noon Sir G. Carteret, Mr Coventry, and I by invitation
to dinner to Sheriff Maynell's, the great money-man; he, Alderman
Backewell, and much noble and brave company, with the privilege
of their rare discourse, which is great content to me above all
other things in the world. And after a great dinner and much
discourse, we took leave. Among other discourses, speaking
concerning the great charity used in Catholique countrys, Mr.
Ashburnham did tell us, that this last yeare, there being great
want of corne in Paris, and so a collection made for the poor,
there was two pearles brought in, nobody knew from whom (till the
Queene, seeing them, knew whose they were, but did not, discover
it), which were sold for 200,000 crownes.

21st (Lord's-day). To the Parke. The Queene coming by in her
coach, going to her chapel at St. James's (the first time it hath
been ready for her), I crowded after her, and I got up to the
room where her closet is; and there stood and saw the fine altar,
ornaments, and the fryers in their habits, and the priests come
in with their fine crosses and many other fine things. I heard
their musique too; which may be good but it did not appear so to
me, neither as to their manner of singing, nor was it good
concord to my ears, whatever the matter was. The Queene very
devout: but what pleased me best was to see my dear Lady
Castlemaine, who, tho' a Protestant, did wait upon the Queene to
chapel. By and by, after masse was done, a fryer with his cowl
did rise up and preach a sermon in Portuguese; which I not
understanding, did go away, and to the King's chapel, but that
was done; and so up to the Queene's presence-chamber, where she
and the King was expected to dine: but she staying at St.
James's, they were forced to remove the things to the King's
presence; and there he dined alone.

23rd. Sir G. Carteret told me how in most cabaretts in France
they have writ upon the walls in fair letters to be read "Dieu te
regarde." as a good lesson to be in every man's mind, and have
also in Holland their poor's box; in both which places at the
making all contracts and bargains they give so much, which they
call God's penny.

24th. To my Lord Crewe's, and there dined alone with him, and
among other things, he do advise me by all means to keep my Lord
Sandwich from proceeding too far in the business of Tangier.
First, for that he is confident the King will not be able to find
money for the building the Mole; and next, for that it is to be
done as we propose it by the reducing of the garrison; and then
either my Lord must oppose the Duke of York, who will have the
Irish regiment under the command of Fitzgerald continued, or else
my Lord Peterborough, who is concerned to have the English
continued, but he, it seems, is gone back again merely upon my
Lord Sandwich's encouragement.

28th (Lord's-day.) To the French Church at the Savoy, and there
they have the Common Prayer Book read in French, and, which I
never saw before, the minister do preach with his hat off, I
suppose in further conformity with our Church.

29th. To Mr. Coventry's, and so with him and Sir W. Pen up to
the Duke, where the King come also and staid till the Duke was
ready. It being Collar-day, we had no time to talk with him
about any business. To the King's Theatre, where we saw
"Midsummer's Night's dream," which I had never seen before, nor
shall ever again, for it is the most insipid ridiculous play that
ever I saw in my life.

30th. My condition at present is this, I have long been
building, and my house to my great content is now almost done.
My Lord Sandwich has lately been in the country, and very civil
to my wife, and hath himself spent some pains in drawing a plot
of some alterations in our house there, which I shall follow as I
get money. As for the office, my late industry hath been such,
as I am become as high in reputation as any man there, and good
hold I have of Mr. Coventry and Sir G. Carteret, which I am
resolved, and it is necessary for me, to maintain by all fair
means. Things are all quiet. The late outing of the
Presbyterian clergy by their not renouncing the Covenant as the
Act of Parliament commands, is the greatest piece of state now in
discourse. But for ought I see they are gone out very peaceably,
and the people not so much concerned therein as was expected.

OCTOBER 2, 1662. At night hearing that there was a play at the
Cockpit, (and my Lord Sandwich, who come to town last night, at
it,) I do go thither, and by very great fortune did follow four
or five gentlemen who were carried to a little private door in a
wall, and so crept through a narrow place and come into one of
the boxes next the King's, but so as I could not see the King or
Queene, but many of the fine ladies, who yet are not really so
handsome generally as I used to take them to be, but that they
are finely dressed. Then we saw "The Cardinall," [A tragi-comedy
by James Shirley.] a tragedy I had never seen before, nor is
there any great matter in it. The company that come in with me
into the box, were all Frenchmen that could speak no English, but
Lord! what sport they made to ask a pretty lady that they got
among them that understood both French and English to make her
tell them what the actors said.

5th. I to church; and this day the parson has got one to read
with a surplice on. I suppose himself will take it up hereafter,
for a cunning fellow he is as any of his coate.

6th. To White Hall with Mr. Coventry, and so to my Lord
Sandwich's lodgings, but my Lord not within, being at a ball this
night with the King at my Lady Castlemaine's at next door.

8th. To my Lord Sandwich's, and among other things to my
extraordinary joy, he did tell me how much I was beholding to the
Duke of York, who did yesterday of his own accord tell him that
he did thank him for one person brought into the Navy, naming
myself, and much more to my commendation, which is the greatest
comfort and encouragement that ever I had in my life, and do owe
it all to Mr. Coventry's goodness and ingenuity. At night by
coach to my Lord's again, but he is at White Hall with the King,
before whom the puppet plays I saw this summer in Covent-garden
are acted this night.

9th. To the office; and I bid them adieu for a week, having the
Duke's leave got me by Mr. Coventry. To whom I did give thanks
for my news yesterday of the Duke's words to my Lord Sandwich
concerning me, which he took well; and do tell me so freely his
love and value of me, that my mind is now in as great a state
quiet as to my interest in the office, as I could ever wish to
be. Between one and two o'clock got on horseback at our back
gate, with my man Will. with me, both well-mounted on two grey
horses. We got to Ware before night; and so I resolved to ride
on to Puckeridge, which we did, though the way was bad, and the
evening dark before we got thither, by help of company riding
before us; among others, a gentleman that took up at the same
inn, his name Mr. Brian, with whom I supped, and was very good
company, and a scholar. He tells me that it is believed the
Queene is with child, for that the coaches are ordered to ride
very easily through the streets.

10th. Up, and between eight and nine mounted again, and so rid
to Cambridge; the way so good that I got very well thither, and
set up at the Beare: and there my cosen Angier come to me, and I
must needs to his house; and there found Dr. Fairbrother, with a
good dinner. But, above all, he telling me that this day there
is a Congregation for the choice of some officers in the
University, he after dinner gets me a gowne, cap, and hoode, and
carries me to the Schooles, where Mr. Pepper, my brother's tutor,
and this day chosen Proctor, did appoint a M.A. to lead me into
the Regent House, where I sat with them, and did vote by
subscribing papers thus: "Ego Samuel Pepys eligo Magistrum
Bernardum Skelton, (and which was more strange, my old
schoolfellow and acquaintance, and who afterwards did take notice
of me, and we spoke together,) alterum e taxatoribus hujus
academiae in annum sequentem." The like I did for one Briggs, for
the other Taxor, and for other officers, as the Vice-Proctor,
(Mr. Covell) for Mr. Pepper, and which was the gentleman that did
carry me into the Regent House.

11th. To Brampton; where I found my father and two brothers, my
mother and sister.

12th. To church; where I saw, among others, Mrs. Hanbury, a
proper lady, and Mr. Bernard and his Lady, with her father, my
late Lord St. John, who looks now like a very plain grave man.
[Oliver St. John, one of Cromwell's Lords, and Chief Justice; and
therefore, after the Restoration, properly called "My LATE Lord."
His third daughter, Elizabeth, by his second wife, daughter of
Henry Cromwell of Upwood, Esq., uncle to the Protector, married
Mr. John Bernard, who became a Baronet on the death of his
father, Sir Robert, in 1666 and was M.P. for Huntingdon. Ob.

13th. To the Court, and did sue out a recovery, and cut off the
entayle; and my brothers there, to join therein. And my father
and I admitted to all the lands; he for life, and I for myself
and my heirs in reversion. I did with most compleat joy of mind
go from the Court with my father home, and away, calling in at
Hinchingbroke, and taking leave in three words of my lady, and
the young ladies; and so by moonlight to Cambridge, whither we
come at about nine o'clock, and took up at the Beare.

15th. Showed Mr. Cooke King's College Chapel, Trinity College,
and St. John's College Library; and that being done, to our inn
again; where I met Dr. Fairbrother. He told us how the room we
were in, was the room where Cromwell and his associated officers
did begin to plot and act their mischiefs in these counties.
Took leave of all, and begun our journey about nine o'clock, the
roads being every where but bad; but finding our horses in good
case, we even made shift to reach London, though both of us very
weary. Found all things well, there happening nothing since our
going to my discontent in the least degree; which do also please
me, that I cannot but bless God for my journey, observing a whole
course of successe from the beginning to the end of it.

16th. I hear Sir H. Bennet [Created Baron of Arlington 1663, and
Viscount Thetford and Earl of Arlington, 1672; he was also K.G.,
and Chamberlain to the King. Ob. 1685.] is made Secretary of
State in Sir Edward Nicholas's stead; not known whether by
consent or not.

17th. To Creed's chamber, and there sat a good while and drank
chocolate. Here I am told how things go at Court; that the young
men get uppermost, and the old serious lords are out of favour;
that Sir H. Bennet, being brought into Sir Edward Nicholas's
place, Sir Charles Barkeley is made Privy Purse; a most vicious
person, and one whom Mr. Pierce, the surgeon, did tell me that he
offered his wife 300l. per annum to be his mistress. He also
told me, that none in Court hath more the King's eare now than
Sir Charles Barkeley, and Sir R. Bennet, and my Lady Castlemaine,
whose interest now is as great as ever: and that Mrs.
Haslerigge, the great beauty, is now brought to bed, and lays it
to the King or the Duke of York. He tells me also, that my Lord
St. Albans is like to be Lord Treasurer: all which things do
trouble me much.

19th (Lord's-day). Put on my first new lace-band; and so neat it
is, that I am resolved my great expence shall be lace-bands, and
it will set off any thing else the more. I am sorry to hear that
the news of the selling of Dunkirke is taken so generally ill, as
I find it is among the merchants; and other things, as removal of
officers at Court, good for worse; and all things else made much
worse in their report among people than they are. And this
night, I know not upon what ground, the gates of the City ordered
to be all shut, and double guards every where. Indeed I do find
every body's spirit very full of trouble: and the things of the
Court and Council very ill taken; so as to be apt to appear in
bad colours, if there should ever be a beginning of trouble,
which God forbid!

20th. In Sir J. Minnes's coach with him and Sir W. Batten to
White Hall, where now the Duke is come again to lodge: and to
Mr. Coventry's little new chamber there. And by and by up to the
Duke, who was making himself ready; and there young Killigrew did
so commend "The Villaine," a new play made by Tom Porter, and
acted only on Saturday at the Duke's house, as if there never
had been any such play come upon the stage. The same yesterday
was told me by Captn. Ferrers; and this morning afterwards by Dr.
Clarke, who saw it. After I had done with the Duke, with
Commissioner Pett to Mr. Lilly's, the great painter, who come
forth to us; but believing that I come to bespeak a picture, he
prevented it; by telling us, that he should, not be at leisure
these three weeks; which methinks is a rare thing. And then to
see in what pomp his table was laid for himself to go to dinner;
and here, among other pictures, saw the so much desired by me
picture of my Lady Castlemaine, which is a most blessed picture;
and one that I must have a copy of. From thence I took my wife
by coach to the Duke's house, there was the house full of
company: but whether it was in overexpecting or what, I know
not, but I was never less pleased with a play in my life. Though
there was good singing and dancing, yet no fancy in the play.

21st. By water with Mr. Smith, to Mr. Lechmore, the Councellor
at the Temple, [Nicholas Lechmere, knighted and made a Baron of
the Exchequer, 1689. Ob. 1701.] about Field's business; and he
tells me plainly that there being a verdict against me, there is
no help for it, but it must proceed to judgement. It is 30l.
damage to me for my joining with others in committing Field to
prison, as being not Justices of the Peace in the City, though in
Middlesex; which troubled me, and I hope the King will make it
good to us.

24th. Mr. Pierce, the chyrurgeon, tells me how ill things go at
Court: that the King do show no countenance to any that belong
to the Queene; nor, above all, to such English as she brought
over with her, or hath here since, for fear they should tell her
how he carries himself to Mrs. Palmer; insomuch that though he
has a promise, and is sure of being made her chyrurgeon, he is at
a loss what to do in it, whether to take it or no, since the
King's mind is so altered and favor to all her dependents, whom
she is fain to let go back into Portugall, (though she brought
them from their friends against their wills with promise of
preferment,) without doing anything for them. That her owne
physician did tell him within these three days that the Queene do
know how the King orders things, and how be carries himself to my
Lady Castlemaine and others, as well as any body; but though she
hath spirit enough, yet seeing that she do no good by taking
notice of it, for the present she forbears it in policy; of which
I am very glad. But I do pray God keep us in peace; for this,
with other things, do give great discontent to all people.

26th (Lord's-day). Put on my new Scallop, which is very fine.
To church, and there saw the first time Mr. Mills in a surplice;
but it seemed absurd for him to pull it over his eares in the
reading-pew, after he had done, before all the church, to go up
to the pulpitt, to preach without it. All this day soldiers
going up and down the towne, there being an alarme, and many
Quakers and other clapped up; but I believe without any reason:
only they say in Dorsetshire there hath been some rising

27th. To my Lord Sandwich, who now-a-days calls me into his
chamber, and alone did discourse with me about the jealousy that
the Court have of people's rising; wherein he do much dislike my
Lord Monk's being so eager against a company of poor wretches,
dragging them up and down the street; but would have him rather
take some of the greatest ringleaders of them, and punish them;
whereas this do but tell the world the King's fears and doubts.
For Dunkirke, he wonders any wise people should be so troubled
thereat, and scorns all their talk against it, for that he sees
it was not Dunkirke, but the other places, that did and would
annoy us, though we had that, as much as if we had it not. He
also took notice of the new Ministers of State, Sir H. Bennet and
Sir Charles Barkeley, their bringing in, and the high game that
my Lady Castlemaine plays at Court. Afterwards he told me of
poor Mr. Spong, that being with other people examined before the
King and Council, (they being laid up as suspected persons; and
it seems Spong is so far thought guilty as that they intend to
pitch upon him to put to the wracke or some other torture,) he do
take knowledge of my Lord Sandwich, and said that he was well
known to Mr. Pepys. But my Lord knows, and I told him, that it
was only in matter of musique and pipes, but that I thought him
to be a very innocent fellow; and indeed I am very sorry for him.
After my Lord and I had done in private, we went out, and with
Captain Cuttance and Bunn did look over their draught of a bridge
for Tangier, which will be brought by my desire to our office by
them to-morrow. To Westminster Hall, and there walked long with
Creed. He showed me our commission, wherein the Duke of York,
Prince Rupert, Duke of Albemarle, Lord Peterborough, Lord
Sandwich, Sir G. Carteret, Sir William Compton, Mr. Coventry, Sir
R. Ford, Sir William Rider, Mr. Cholmley, Mr. Povy, myself, and
Captain Cuttance, in this order are joyned for the carrying on
the service of Tangier. He told me what great faction there is
at Court; and above all, what is whispered, that young Crofts is
lawful son to the King, the King being married to his mother.
How true this is, God knows; but I believe the Duke of York will
not be fooled in this of three crowns. Thence to White Hall, and
walked long in the gardens, till (as they are commanded to all
strange persons,) one come to tell us, we not being known, and
being observed to walk there four or five houres, (which was not
true, unless they count my walking there in the morning,) he was
commanded to ask who we were; which being told, he excused his
question, and was satisfied. These things speake great fear and

29th. Sir G. Carteret, who had been at the examining most of the
late people that are clapped up, do say that he do not think that
there hath been any great plotting among them, though they have a
good will to it; and their condition is so poor, and silly, and
low, that they do not fear them at all.

30th. To my Lord Sandwich, who was up in his chamber and all
alone, and did acquaint me with his business; which was, that our
old acquaintance Mr. Wade, (in Axe Yard) hath discovered to him
7000l. hid in the Tower, of which he was to have two for
discovery; my Lord himself two, and the King the other three,
when it was found: and that the King's warrant runs for me on my
Lord's part, and one Mr. Lee for Sir Harry Bennet, to demand
leave of the Lieutenant of the Tower for to make search. After
he had told me the whole business, I took leave: and at noon,
comes Mr. Wade with my Lord's letter. So we consulted for me to
go first to Sir H. Bennet, who is now with many of the Privy
Counsellors at the Tower, examining of their late prisoners, to
advise with him when to begin. So I went; and the guard at the
Tower Gate, making me leave my sword at the gate, I was forced to
stay so long in the ale-house close by, till my boy run home for
my cloak, that my Lord Mayor that now is, Sir John Robinson,
Lieutenant of the Tower, with all his company, was gone with
their coaches to his house in Minchen Lane. So my cloak being
come, I walked thither: and there, by Sir G. Carteret's means,
did presently speak with Sir H. Bennet, who did give me the
King's warrant, for the paying of 2000l. to my Lord, and other
two to the discoverers. After a little discourse, dinner come
in; and I dined with them. There was my Lord Mayor, my Lord
Lauderdale, Mr. Secretary Morris, to whom Sir H. Bennet would
give the upper hand; Sir Wm. Compton, Sir G. Carteret, and
myself, and some other company, and a brave dinner. After
dinner, Sir H. Bennet did call aside the Lord Mayor and me, and
did break the business to him, who did not, nor durst appear the
least averse to it, but did promise all assistance forthwith to
set upon it. So Mr. Lee and I to our office, and there walked
till Mr. Wade and one Evett his guide did come, and W. Griffin,
and a porter with his pick-axes, &c.: and so they walked along
with us to the Tower, and Sir H. Bennet and my Lord Mayor did
give us full power to fall to work. So our guide demands a
candle, and down into the cellars he goes, enquiring whether they
were the same that Baxter alway had. He went into several little
cellars, and then went out a-doors to view, and to the Cole
Harbour; but none did answer so well to the marks which was given
him to find it by, as one arched vault. Where, after a great
deal of council whether to set upon it now, or delay for better
and more full advice, to digging we went till almost eight
o'clock at night, but could find nothing. But, however, our
guides did not at all seem discouraged; for that they being
confident that the money is there they look for, but having
never been in the cellars, they could not be positive to the
place, and therefore will inform themselves more fully now they
have been there, of the party that do advise them. So locking
the door after us, we left here to-night, and up to the Deputy
Governor, (my Lord Mayor, and Sir H. Bennet, with the rest of
the company being gone an hour before;) and he do undertake to
keep the key of the cellars, that none shall go down without his
privity. But, Lord! to see what a young simple fantastick
coxcombe is made Deputy Governor, would make me mad; and how he
called out for his night-gowne of silk, only to make a show to
us: and yet for half an hour I did not think he was the Deputy
Governor, and so spoke not to him about the business, but waited
for another man; but at last I broke our business to him; and he
promising his care, we parted. And Mr. Lee and I by coach to
White Hall, where I did give my Lord Sandwich a full account; of
our proceedings, and some encouragement to hope for something
hereafter. This morning, walking with Mr. Coventry in the
garden, he did tell me how Sir G. Carteret had carried the
business of the Victuallers' money to be paid by himself,
contrary to old practice; at which he is angry I perceive, but I
believe means no hurt, but that things may be done as they ought.
He expects Sir George should not bespatter him privately, in
revenge, not openly. Against which he prepares to bedaube him,
and swears he will do it from the beginning, from Jersey to this
day. But as to his own taking of too large fees or rewards for
places that he had sold, he will prove that he was directed to it
by Sir George himself among others. And yet he did not deny Sir
G. Carteret his due, in saying that he is a man that do take the
most pains, and gives himself the most to do business of any
about the Court, without any desire of pleasure or
divertisements: which is very true. But which pleased me
mightily, he said in these words, that he was resolved, whatever
it cost him, to make an experiment, and see whether it was
possible for a man to keep himself up in Court by dealing plainly
and walking uprightly. In the doing whereof if his ground do
slip from under him, he will be contented: but he is resolved to
try, and never to baulke taking notice of anything that is to the
King's prejudice, let it fall where it will; which is a most
brave resolution. He was very free with me: and by my troth, I
do see more reall worth in him than in most men that I do know.
I would not forget two passages of Sir J. Minnes's at yesterday's
dinner. The one, that to the question how it comes to pass that
there are no boars seen in London, but many sowes and pigs; it
was answered, that the constable gets them a-nights. The other,
Thos. Killigrew's way of getting to see plays when he was a boy.
He would go to the Red Bull, and when the man cried to the boys,
"Who will go and be a devil, and he shall see the play for
nothing?" then would he go in, and be a devil upon the stage,
and so get to see plays.

31st. I thank God I have no crosses, but only much business to
trouble my mind with. In all other things as happy a man as any
in the world, for the whole world seems to smile upon me, and if
my house were done that I could diligently follow my business, I
would not doubt to do God, and the King, and myself good service.
And all I do impute almost wholly to my late temperance, since my
making of my vowes against wine and plays, which keeps me most
happily and contentfully to my business; which God continue!
Public matters are full of discontent, what with the sale of
Dunkirke, and my Lady Castlemaine, and her faction at Court;
though I know not what they would have more than to debauch the
King, whom God preserve from it! And then great plots are talked
to be discovered, and all the prisons in towne full of ordinary
people, taken from their meeting-places last Sunday. But for
certain some plots there hath been, though not brought to a head.

NOVEMBER 1, 1662. To my office, to meet Mr. Lee again, from Sir
H. Bennet. And he and I, with Wade, and his intelligencer and
labourers, to the Tower cellars, to make one triall more; where
we staid two or three hours, and dug a great deal all under the
arches, as it was now most confidently directed, and so
seriously, and upon pretended good grounds, that I myself did
truly expect to speed; but we missed of all: and so we went away
the second time like fools. And to our office; and I by
appointment to the Dolphin Taverne, to meet Wade and the other,
Capt. Evett, who now do tell me plainly, that he that do put him
upon this is one that had it from Barkestead's own mouth, and was
advised with by him, just before the King's coming in, how to get
it out, and had all the signs told him how and where it lay, and
had always been the great confident of Barkestead even to the
trusting him with his life and all he had. So that he did much
convince me that there is good ground for what he goes about.
But I fear it may be that he did find some conveyance of it away,
without the help of this man, before he died. But he is resolved
to go to the party once more, and then to determine what we shall
do further.

3rd. To White Hall, to the Duke's; but found him gone a-hunting.
Thence to my Lord Sandwich, from whom I receive every day more
and more signs of his confidence and esteem of me. Here I met
with Pierce the chyrurgeon, who tells me that my Lady Castlemaine
is with child; but though it be the King's, yet her Lord being
still in towne, and sometimes seeing of her, it will be laid to
him. He tells me also how the Duke of York is smitten in love
with my Lady Chesterfield, [Lady Elizabeth Butler, daughter of
James, Duke of Ormond, married Philip, second Earl of
Chesterfield. Ob. 1665. Vide "MEMOIRES DE GRAMMONT."] (a
virtuous lady, daughter to my Lord of Ormond); and so much, that
the Duchesse of York hath complained to the King and her father
about it, and my Lady Chesterfield is gone into the country for
it. At all which I am sorry; but it is the effect of idlenesse,
and having nothing else to employ their great spirits upon. At
night to my office, and did business; and there come to me Mr.
Wade and Evett, who have been again with their prime
intelligencer, a woman, I perceive: and though we have missed
twice, yet they bring such an account of the probability of the
truth of the thing, though we are not certain of the place, that
we shall set upon it once more; and I am willing and hopefull in
it. So we resolved to set upon it again on Wednesday morning and
the woman herself will be there in a disguise, and confirm us in
the place.

4th. This morning we had news by letters that Sir Richard
Stayner is dead at sea in the Mary, which is now come into
Portsmouth from Lisbon; which we are sorry for, he being a very
stout seaman.

7th. Being by appointment called upon by Mr. Lee, he and I to
the Tower, to make our third attempt upon the cellar. And now
privately the woman, Barkestead's great confident, is brought,
who do positively say that this is the place which he did say the
money was hid in, and where he and she did put up the 7000l. in
butter firkins; and the very day that he went out of England did
say that neither he nor his would be the better for that money,
and therefore wishing that she and hers might. And so left us,
and we full of hope did resolve to dig all over the cellar, which
by seven o'clock at night we performed. At noon we sent for a
dinner, and upon the head of a barrel dined very merrily, and to
work again. But at last we saw we were mistaken; and after
digging the cellar quite through, and removing the barrels from
one side to the other, we were forced to pay our porters, and
give over our expectations, though I do believe there must be
money hid somewhere by him, or else he did delude this woman in
hopes to oblige her to further serving him, which I am apt to

9th. (Lord's-day.) Walked to my brother's, where my wife is,
calling at many churches, and then to the Temple, hearing a bit
there too, and observing that in the streets and churches the
Sunday is kept in appearance as well as I have known it at any

10th. A little to the office, and so with Sir J. Minnes, Sir W.
Batten, and myself by coach to White Hall, to the Duke, who,
after he was ready, did take us into his closett. Thither come
my Lord General Monk, and did privately talk with the Duke about
having the life-guards pass through the City to-day only for show
and to fright people, for perceive there are great fears abroad;
for all which I am troubled and full of doubt that things will
not go well. He being gone, we fell to business of the Navy.
Among other things, how to pay off this fleet that is now come
from Portugall; the King of Portugall sending them home, he
having no more use for them, which we wonder at, that his
condition should be so soon altered. And our landmen also are
coming back, being almost starved in that poor country. To my
Lord Crewe's, and dined with him and his brother, I know not his
name. Where very good discourse. Among others, of France's
intention to make a patriarch of his own, independent from the
Pope, by which he will be able to cope with the Spaniard in all
councils, which hitherto he has never done. My Lord Crewe told
us how he heard my Lord of Holland [Henry Rich, Earl of Holland.]
say, that being Embassador about the match with the Queene-Mother
that now is, the King of France insisted upon a dispensation
from the Pope, which my Lord Holland making a question of, as he
was commanded to yield to nothing to the prejudice of our
religion, says the King of France, "You need not fear that, for
if the Pope will not dispense with the match, my Bishop of Paris
shall." By and by come in the great Mr. Swinfen, [John Swinfen,
M.P. for Tamworth.] the Parliament-man, who, among other
discourse of the rise and fall of familys, told us of Bishop
Bridgeman [John Bridgeman, Bishop of Chester.] (father of Sir
Orlando) who lately hath bought a seat anciently of the Levers,
and then the Ashtons; and so he hath in his great hall window
(having repaired and beautified the house) caused four great
places to be left for coates of armes. In one he hath put the
Levers, with this motto, "Olim." In another the Ashtons, with
this, "Heri." In the next his own, with this, "Hodie." In the
fourth nothing but this motto, "Cras nescio cujus." The towne I
hear is full of discontents, and all know of the King's new
bastard by Mrs. Haslerigge, and as far as I can hear will never
be contented with Episcopacy, they are so cruelly set for
Presbytery, and the Bishops carry themselves so high, that they
are never likely to gain anything upon them. To the Dolphin
Tavern near home, by appointment, and there met with Wade and
Evett, and have resolved to make a new attempt upon another
discovery, in which God give us better fortune than in the other,
but I have great confidence that there is no cheat in these
people, but that they go upon good grounds, though they have been
mistaken in the place of the first.

13th. To my office, and there this afternoon me had our first
meeting upon our commission of inspecting the Chest. Sir Francis
Clerke, [M.P. for Rochester.] Mr. Heath, Atturney of the Dutchy,
Mr. Prinn, Sir W. Rider, Captn. Cooke, and myself. Our first
work was to read over the Institution, which is a decree in
Chancery in the year 1617, upon an inquisition made at Rochester
about that time into the revenues of the Chest, which had then,
from the year 1588 or 1590, by the advice of the Lord High
Admiral and principal officers then being, by consent of the
seamen, been settled, paying sixpence per month, according to
their wages then, which was then but 10s. which is now 24s.

17th. To the Duke's to-day, but he is gone a-hunting. At White
Hall by appointment, Mr. Creed carried my wife and I to the
Cockpitt, and we had excellent places, and saw the King, Queene,
Duke of Monmouth, his son, and my Lady Castlemaine, and all the
fine ladies; and "The Scornfull Lady," well performed. They had
done by eleven o'clock, and it being fine moonshine, we took
coach and home.

18th. Late at my office, drawing up a letter to my Lord
Treasurer, which we have been long about.

20th. After dinner to the Temple, to Mr. Thurland; [Edward
Thurland, M.P. for Ryegate, afterwards knighted.] and thence to
my Lord Chief Baron, Sir Edward Hale's, [Sir Matthew Hale
succeeded Sir Orlando Bridgeman as Chief Baron of the Exchequer
(according to Beatson,) in 1666; there is consequently some
mistake.] and take Mr. Thurland to his chamber, where he told us
that Field will have the better of us; and that we must study to
make up the business as well as we can, which do much vex and
trouble us: but I am glad the Duke is concerned in it.

21st. This day come the King's pleasure-boats from Calais, with
the Dunkirke money, being 400,000 pistolles.

22nd. This day Mr. Moore told me, that for certain the Queene-
Mother is married to my Lord St. Albans, and he is like to be
made Lord Treasurer. News that Sir J. Lawson hath made up a
peace now with Tunis and Tripoli, as well as Argiers, by which
he will come home very highly honoured.

23rd. I hear to-day old rich Audley [There is an old Tract
called, "The Way to be Rich, according to the Practice of the
great Audley, who began with 200l. in 1605, and dyed worth
400,000l. November, 1662." London, printed for E. Davis.
1662.] is lately dead, and left a very great estate, and made a
great many poor familys rich, not all to one. Among others, one
Davis, my old schoolfellow at Paul's, and since a bookseller in
Paul's Church Yard: and it seems do forgive one man 6000l. which
he had wronged him of, but names not his name; but it is well
known to be the scrivener in Fleete-streete, at whose house he
lodged. There is also this week dead a poulterer, in Gracious-
street, which was thought rich, but not so rich, that hath, left
800l. per annum, taken in other men's names, and 40,000 Jacobs in

24th. Sir J. Minnes, Sir W. Batten, and I, going forth toward
White Hall, we hear that the King and Duke are come this morning
to the Tower to see the Dunkirke money. So we by coach to them,
and there went up and down all the magazines with them; but
methought it was but poor discourse and frothy that the King's
companions (young Killigrew among the rest,) had with him. We
saw none of the money, but Mr. Slingslby did show the King, and I
did see, the stamps of the new money that is now to be made by
Blondeau's fashion, which are very neat, and like the King.
Thence the King to Woolwich, though a very cold day; and the Duke
to White Hall, commanding us to come after him; and in his
closet, my Lord Sandwich being there, did discourse with us about
getting some of this money to pay off the Fleets, and other

25th. Great talk among people how some of the Fanatiques do say
that the end of the world is at hand, and that next Tuesday is to
be the day. Against which, whenever it shall be, good God fit us

27th. At my waking, I found the tops of the houses covered with
snow, which is a rare sight, which I have not seen these three
years. To the office, where we sat till noon; when we all went
to the next house upon Tower Hill, to see the coming by of the
Russian Embassador; for whose reception all the City trained
bands do attend in the streets, and the King's life-guards, and
most of the wealthy citizens in their black velvet coats, and
gold chains, (which remain of their gallantry at the King's
coming in,) but they staid so long that we went down again to
dinner. And after I had dined I walked to the Conduit in the
Quarrefowr, at the end of Gracious-street and Cornhill; and there
(the spouts thereof running very near me upon all the people that
were under it) I saw them pretty well go by. I could not see the
Embassador in his coach; but his attendants in their habits and
fur caps very handsome, comely men, and most of them with hawkes
upon their fists to present to the King. But Lord! to see the
absurd nature of Englishmen, that cannot forbear laughing and
jeering at every thing that looks strange.

28th. A very hard frost; which is news to us after having none
almost these three years. By ten o'clock to Ironmongers' Hall,
to the funeral of Sir Richard Stayner. Here we were, all the
officers of the navy, and my Lord Sandwich, who did discourse
with us about the fishery, telling us of his Majesty's resolution
to give 200l. to every man that will set out a Brisse; [A small
sea-vessel used by the Hollanders for the herring-fishery.] and
advising about the effects of this encouragement, which will be a
very great matter certainly. Here we had good rings.

29th. To the office; and this morning come Sir G. Carteret to us
(being the first time since his coming from France): he tells
us, that the silver which is received for Dunkirke did weigh
120,000 weight. To my Lord's, where my Lord and Mr. Coventry,
Sir Wm. Darcy, [Third son of Sir Conyers Darcy, summoned to
Parliament as Lord Darcy 1642.] one Mr. Parham, (a very knowing
and well-spoken man in this business), with several others, did
meet about stating the business of the fishery, and the manner of
the King's giving of this 200l. to every man that shall set out a
new-made English Brisse by the middle of June next. In which
business we had many fine pretty discourses; and I did here see
the great pleasure to be had in discoursing of publick matters
with men that are particularly acquainted with this or that
business. Having come to some issue, wherein a motion of mine
was well received, about sending these invitations from the King
to all the fishing-ports in general, with limiting so many
Brisses to this, and that port, before we know the readiness of
subscribers, we parted.

30th. Publick matters in an ill condition of discontent against
the height and vanity of the Court, and their bad payments: but
that which troubles most, is the Clergy, which will never content
the City, which is not to be reconciled to Bishopps: but more
the pity that differences must still be. Dunkirke newly sold,
and the money brought over; of which we hope to get some to pay
the Navy: which by Sir J. Lawson's having dispatched the
business in the Straights, by making peace with Argier, Tunis,
and Tripoli, (and so his fleet will also shortly come home,) will
now every day grow less, and so the King's charge be abated;
which God send!

DECEMBER 1, 1662. To my Lord Sandwich's, to Mr. Moore; and then
over the Parke, (where I first in my life, it being a great
frost, did see people sliding with their skeates, which is a very
pretty art,) to Mr. Coventry s chamber to St. James's, where we
all met to a venison pasty, Major Norwood being with us, whom
they did play upon for his surrendering of Dunkirke. Here we
staid till three or four o'clock: and so to the Council Chamber,
where there met the Duke of York, Prince Rupert, Duke of
Albermarle, my Lord Sandwich, Sir Wm. Compton, Mr. Coventry, Sir
J. Minnes, Sir R. Ford, Sir W. Rider, myself, and Captain
Cuttance, as Commissioners for Tangier. And after our Commission
was read by Mr. Creed, who I perceive is to be our Secretary, we
did fall to discourse of matters: as, first, the supplying them
forthwith with victualls; then the reducing it; to make way for
the money, which upon their reduction is to go to the building of
the Molle; and so to other matters, ordered as against next

3rd. To Deptford; and so by water with Mr. Pett home again, all
the way reading his Chest accounts, in which I did see things
which did not please me; as his allowing himself 300l. for one
year's looking to the business of the Chest, and 150l. per annum
for the rest of the years. But I found no fault to him himself,
but shall when they come to be read at the Board. We walked to
the Temple, in our way seeing one of the Russian Embassador's
coaches go along, with his footmen not in liverys, but their
country habits; one of one colour and another of another, which
was very strange.

5th. I walked towards Guildhall, being summoned by the
Commissioners for the Lieutenancy; but they sat not this morning.
So meeting in my way W. Swan, I took him to a house thereabouts,
he telling me much of his Fanatique stories, as if he were a
great zealot, when I know him to be a very rogue. But I do it
for discourse, and to see how things stand with him and his
party; who I perceive have great expectation that God will not
bless the Court nor Church, as it is now settled, but they must
be purified. The worst news he tells me, is that Mr. Chetwind is
dead, my old and most ingenious acquaintance. To the Duke's,
where the Committee for Tangier met: and here we sat down all
with him at a table, and had much discourse about the business.

13th. We sat, Mr. Coventry and I, (Sir G. Carteret being gone,)
and among other things, Field and Strip did come, and received
the 41l. given him by the judgement against me and Harry Kem; and
we did also sign bonds in 500l. to stand to the award of Mr.
Porter and Smith for the rest: which, however, I did not sign to
till I got Mr. Coventry to go up with me to Sir W. Pen; and he
did promise me before him to bear his share in what should be
awarded, and both concluded that Sir W. Batten would do no less.

15th. To the Duke, and followed him into the Parke, where,
though the ice-was broken and dangerous, yet he would go slide
upon his scates, which I did not like, but he slides very well.
So back to his closet, whither my Lord Sandwich comes, and there
Mr. Coventry, and we three had long discourse together about the
matters of the Navy; and, indeed, I find myself more and more
obliged to Mr. Coventry, who studies to do me all the right he
can in every thing to the Duke. Thence walked a good while up
and down the gallerys; and among others, met with Dr. Clarke, who
in discourse tells me, that Sir Charles Barkeley's greatness is
only his being pimp to the King, and to my Lady Castlemaine. And
yet for all this, that the King is very kind to the Queene; who,
he says, is one of the best women in the world. Strange how the
King is bewitched to this pretty Castlemaine. I walked up and
down the gallerys, spending my time upon the pictures, till the
Duke and the Committee for Tangier met, (the Duke not staying
with us,) where the only matter was to discourse with my Lord
Rutherford, [Andrew, created Baron of Rutherford and Earl of
Teviot, 1660; successively Governor of Dunkirk and Tangier, where
he was killed by the Moors in 1663.] who is this day made
Governor of Tangier, for I know not what reasons; and my Lord of
Peterborough to be called home: which, though it is said it is
done with kindness, I am sorry to see a Catholicke Governor sent
to command there, where all the rest of the officers almost are
such already. But God knows what the reason is! and all may see
how slippery places all courtiers stand in. Thence home, in my
way calling upon Sir John Berkenheade, [Sir John Berkenhead,
F.R.S., a political author, held in some esteem, M.P. for Wilton,

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