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The Diary of Samuel Pepys by Samuel Pepys

Part 2 out of 18

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sent him) and that this come by a gentleman that come this day on
board, intending to wait upon his Majesty, that he is my Lord's
countryman, and one whose friends have suffered much on his
Majesty's behalf. That my Lords Pembroke and Salisbury are put
out of the House of Lords. [Philip, fifth Earl of Pembroke, and
second Earl of Montgomery, Ob. 1669. Clarendon says, "This young
Earl's affections were entire for his Majesty." Williams, second
Earl of Salisbury. After Cromwell had put down the House Of
Peers, he was chosen a Member of the House of Commons, and sat
with them, ob. 1660.] That my Lord is very joyful that other
countries do pay him the civility and respect due to him; and
that he do much rejoice to see that the King do receive none of
their assistance (or some such words,) from them, he having
strength enough in the love and loyalty of his own subjects to
support him. That his Majesty had chosen the best place,
Scheveling, for his embarking, and that there is nothing in the
world of which he is more ambitions, than to have the honour of
attending his Majesty, which he hoped would be speedy. That he
had commanded the vessel to attend at Helversluce till this
gentleman returns, that so if his Majesty do not think it fit to
command the fleete himself, yet that he may be there to receive
his commands and bring them to his Lordship. He ends his letter,
that he is confounded with the thoughts of the high expressions
of love to him in the King's letter, and concludes,

"Your most loyall, dutifull, faithfull and obedient subject and
servant, "E.M."

After supper at the table in the coach, my Lord talking
concerning the uncertainty of the places of the Exchequer to them
that had them now; he did at last think of an office which do
belong to him in case the King do restore every man to his places
that ever had been patent, which is to be one of the clerks of
the signet, which will be a fine employment for one of his sons.

In the afternoon come a minister on board, one Mr. Sharpe, who is
going to the King; who tells me that Commissioners are chosen
both of the Lords and Commons to go to the King; and that Dr.
Clarges [Thomas Clarges, physician to the Army, created a
Baronet, 1674, ob. 1695, He had been previously knighted; his
sister Anne married General Monk.] is going to him from the
Army, and that he will be here to-morrow. My letters at night
tell me, that the House did deliver their letter to Sir John
Greenville, in answer to the King's sending, and that they give
him 500l. for his pains, to buy him a jewel, and that besides the
50,000l. ordered to be borrowed of the City for the present use
of the King, the twelve companies of the City do give every one
of them to his Majesty, as a present, 1000l.

5th. All the morning very busy writing letters to London, and a
packet to Mr. Downing, to acquaint him with what has been done
lately in the fleet. And this I did by my Lord's command, who, I
thank him, did of himself think of doing it, to do me a kindness,
for he writ a letter himself to him, thanking him for his
kindness to me. This evening come Dr. Clarges, to Deal, going to
the King; where the towns-people strewed the streets with herbes
against his coming, for joy of his going. Never was there so
general a content as there is now. I cannot but remember that
our parson did, in his prayer to-night, pray for the long life
and happiness of our King and dread Soveraigne, that may last as
long as the sun and moon endureth.

6th. It fell very well to-day, a stranger preached here for Mr.
Ibbot, one Mr. Stanley, who prayed for King Charles, by the Grace
of God, &c., which gave great contentment to the gentlemen that
were on board here, and they said they would talk of it, when
they come to Breda, as not having it done yet in London so
publickly. After they were gone from on board, my Lord writ a
letter to the King and give it me to carry privately to Sir
William Compton, on board the Assistance, [Sir William Compton,
third son of Spencer, Earl of Northampton, a Privy Counsellor and
Master of the ordnance, ob. 1663, aged 39.] which I did, and
after a health to his Majesty on board there, I left them under
sail for Breda.

7th. My Lord went this morning about the flag-ships in a boat,
to see what alterations there must be, as to the armes and flags.
He did give me orders also to write for silk flags and scarlett
waistcloathes. [Clothes hung about the cage-work of a ship's
hull to protect the men in action.] For a rich barge; for a
noise of trumpets, and a set of fidlers. Very great deal of
company come to-day, among others Mr. Bellasses, [Henry, eldest
son of Lord Bellasis, made K.B. at Charles the Second's
Coronation.] Sir Thomas Lenthropp, Sir Henry Chichley, Colonel
Philip Honiwood, and Captain Titus, [Colonel Silas Titus,
Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles II., author of "Killing
no Murder."] the last of whom my Lord showed all our cabbins,
and I suppose he is to take notice what room there will be for
the King's entertainment.

8th. My letters to-day tell me how it was intended that the King
should be Proclaimed to-day in London, with a great deal of pomp.
I had also news who they are that are chosen of the Lords and
Commons to attend the King. And also the whole story of what we
did the other day in the fleet, at reading of the King's
declaration, and my name at the bottom of it.

9th. Up very early, writing a letter to the King, as from the
two Generals of the fleet, in answer to his letter to them,
wherein my Lord do give most humble thanks for his gracious
letter and declaration; and promises all duty and obedience to
him. This letter was carried this morning to Sir Peter
Killigrew, [Knight, of Arwenach, Cornwall, M.P. for Camelford,
1660.] who come hither this morning early to bring an order from
the Lords House to my Lord, giving him power to write an answer
to the King. This morning my Lord St. John and other persons of
honour were here to see my Lord, and so away to Flushing. As we
were sitting down to dinner, in comes Noble with a letter from
the House of Lords to my Lord, to desire him to provide ships to
transport the Commissioners to the King, which are expected here
this week. He brought us certain news that the King was
proclaimed yesterday with great pomp, and brought down one of the
Proclamations, with great jog to us all; for which God be
praised. This morning come Mr. Saunderson, that writ the story
of the King, hither, who is going over to the King.

10th. At night, while my Lord was at supper, in comes my Lord
Lauderdale [John, second Earl and afterwards created Duke of
Lauderdale, Earl of Guilford (in England,) and K.G. He became
sole Secretary of State for Scotland in 1661, and was a Gentleman
of His Majesty's Bedchamber and died in 1682, s. p.] and Sir John
Greenville, who supped here, and so went away. After they were
gone, my Lord called me into his cabbin, and told me how he was
commanded to set sail presently for the King, and was very glad
thereof. I got him afterwards to sign things in bed.

11th This morning we began to pull down all the State's arms in
the fleet, having first sent to Dover for painters and others to
come to set up, the King's. There dined here my Lord Crafford
[John, fourteenth Earl of Crauford, restored in 1661 to the
office of High Treasurer of Scotland, which he had held eight
years under Charles the First.] and my Lord Cavendish,
[Afterwards fourth Earl and first Duke of Devonshire.] and other
Scotchmen whom I afterwards ordered to be received on board the
Plymouth, and to go along with us. After dinner we set sail from
the Downes. In the afternoon overtook us three or four
gentlemen: two of the Berties, and one Mr. Dormerhay, [Probably
Dalmahoy.] a Scotch gentleman, who, telling my Lord that they
heard the Commissioners were come out of London to-day, my Lord
dropt anchor over against Dover Castle (which give us about
thirty guns in passing), and upon a high debate with the Vice and
Rear-Admiral whether it were safe to go and not stay for the
Commissioners, he did resolve to send Sir R. Stayner to Dover, to
enquire of my Lord Winchelsea, [Heneage, second Earl of
Winchelsea, constituted by General Monk, Governor of Dover
Castle, July, 1660: made Lord Lieutenant of Kent, and afterwards
ambassador to Turkey. Ob. 1689.] whether or no they are come out
of London, and then to resolve to-morrow morning of going or not.
Which was done.

12th. My Lord give me many orders to make for direction for the
ships that are left in the Downes, giving them the greatest
charge in the world to bring no passengers with them, when they
come after us to Scheveling Bay, excepting Mr. Edward Montagu,
Mr. Thomas Crewe, and Sir H. Wright. Sir R. Stayner told my
Lord, that my Lord Winchelsea understands by letters, that the
Commissioners are only to come to Dover to attend the coming over
of the King. So my Lord did give order for weighing anchor,
which me did, and sailed all day.

13th. To the quarter-deck, at which the taylors and painters
were at work, cutting out some pieces of yellow cloth in the
fashion of a crown and C. R. and put it upon a fine sheet, and
that into the flag instead of the State's arms, which after
dinner was finished and set up. This morn Sir J. Boys and Capt.
Isham met us in the Nonsuch the first of whom, after a word or
two with my Lord, went forward, the other staid. I heard by them
how Mr. Downing had never made any address to the King, and for
that was hated exceedingly by the Court, and that he was in a
Dutch ship, which sailed by us, then going to England with
disgrace. Also how Mr. Morland was knighted by the King this
week, and that the King did give the reason of it openly, that it
was for his giving him intelligence all the time he was clerk to
Secretary Thurloe. [Samuel Morland, successively scholar and
fellow of Magdalene College, and Mr. Pepys's tutor there, became
afterwards one of Thurloe's Under Secretaries, and was employed
in several embassies, by Cromwell, whose interests he betrayed,
by secretly communicating with Charles the Second. In
consideration of these services he was created a baronet of
Sulhamstead Banister, Berks, after the Restoration. He was an
ingenious mechanic, supposed by some persons to have invented the
Steam Engine, and lived to an advanced age.] In the afternoon a
council of war, only to acquaint them that the Harp must be taken
out of all their flags, it being very offensive to the King.
Late at night we writ letters to the King of the news of our
coming, and Mr. Edward Pickering carried them. [Sir Gilbert
Pickering's eldest son.] Capt. Isham went on shore, nobody
showing of him any respect; so the old man very fairly took leave
of my Lord, and my Lord very coldly bid him "God be with you,"
which was very strange, but that I hear that he keeps a great
deal of prating and talking on shore, on board, at the King's
Courts, what command he had with my Lord, &c.

14th. In the morning the Hague was clearly to be seen by us. My
Lord went up, in his nightgown into the cuddy, to see how to
dispose thereof for himself and us that belong to him, to give
order for our removal to-day. Some nasty Dutchmen came on board
to proffer their boats to carry things from us on shore, &c. to
get money by us. Before noon some gentlemen came on board from
the shore to kiss my Lord's hands. And by and by Mr. North and
Dr. Clerke went to kiss the Queen of Bohemia's hands, [Daughter
of James the First.] from my Lord, with twelve attendants from
on board to wait on them, among which I sent my boy, who, like
myself, is with child to see any strange thing. After noon they
came back again after having kissed the Queen of Bohemia's hand,
and were sent again by my Lord to do the same to the Prince of
Orange. [Afterwards William the Third.] So I got the Captain to
ask leave for me to go, which my Lord did give, and taking my boy
and Judge-Advocate with me, went in company with them. The
weather was bad; we were sadly washed when we come near the
shore, it being very hard to land there. The shore is so, all
the country between that and the Hague, all sand. The Hague is a
most neat place in all respects. The houses so neat in all
places and things as is possible. Here we walked up and down a
great while, the town being now very full of Englishmen, for that
the Londoners were come on shore to-day. But going to see the
Prince, [Henry Duke of Gloucester, Charles the Second's youngest
brother.] he was gone forth with his governor, and so we walked
up and down the town and court to see the place; and by the help
of a stranger, an Englishman, we saw a great many places, and
were made to understand many things, as the intention of may-
poles, which we saw there standing at every great man's door, of
different greatness according to the quality of the person.
About, ten at night the Prince comes home, and we found an easy
admission. His attendance very inconsiderable as for a prince;
but yet handsome, and his tutor a fine man, and himself a very
pretty boy.

15th. Coming on board we found all the Commissioners of the
House of Lords at dinner with my Lord, who after dinner went away
for shore. Mr. Morland, now Sir Samuel, was here on board, but I
do not find that my Lord or any body did give him any respect, he
being looked upon by him and all men as a knave. Among others he
betrayed Sir Rich. Willis that married Dr. F. Jones's daughter,
who had paid him 1000l. at one time by the Protector's and
Secretary Thurloe's order, for intelligence that he sent
concerning the King. In the afternoon my Lord called me on
purpose to show me his fine cloathes which are now come hither,
and indeed are very rich as gold and silver can make them, only
his sword he and I do not like. In the afternoon my Lord and I
walked together in the coach two hours, talking together upon all
sorts of discourse: as religion, wherein he is, I perceive,
wholly sceptical, saying, that indeed the Protestants as to the
Church of Rome are wholly fanatiques: he likes uniformity and
form of prayer: about state-business, among other things he told
me that his conversion to the King's cause (for I was saying that
I wondered from what time the King could look upon him to become
his friend,) commenced from his being in the Sound, when he found
what usage he was likely to have from a Commonwealth. My Lord,
the Captain, and I supped in my Lord's chamber, where I did
perceive that he did begin to show me much more respect than ever
he did yet. After supper, my Lord sent for me, intending to have
me play at cards with him, but I not knowing cribbage, we fell
into discourse of many things, and the ship rolled so much that I
was not able to stand, and he bid me go to bed.

May 16. Come in some with visits, among the rest one from
Admiral Opdam, [The celebrated Dutch Admiral.] who spoke Latin
well, but not French nor English, whom my Lord made me to
entertain. Commissioner Pett [Naval Commissioner at Chatham.]
was now come to take care to get all things ready for the King on
board. My Lord in his best suit, this the first day, in
expectation to wait upon the King. But Mr. Edw. Pickering coming
from the King brought word that the King would not put my Lord to
the trouble of coming to him, but that; he would come to the
shore to look upon the fleet to-day, which we expected, and had
our guns ready to fire, and our scarlet waist-cloathes out and
silk pendants, but he did not come. This evening came Mr. John
Pickering on board, like an asse, with his feathers and new suit
that he had made at the Hague. My Lord very angry for him
staying on shore, bidding me a little before to send for him,
telling me that he was afraid that for his father's sake he might
have some mischief done him, unless he used the General's name.
This afternoon Mr. Edw. Pickering told me in what a sad, poor
condition for clothes and money the King was, and all his
attendants, when he came to him first from my Lord, their clothes
not being worth forty shillings the best of them. And how
overjoyed the King was when Sir J. Greenville brought him some
money; so joyful, that he called the Princess Royal [Mary, eldest
daughter of Charles I., and widow of the Prince of Orange who
died 1646-7. She was carried off by the small-pox, December
1680, leaving a son, afterwards King William III.] and Duke of
York to look upon it as it lay in the portmanteau before it was
taken out. My Lord told me, too, that the Duke of York is made
High Admiral of England.

17th. Dr. Clerke came to me to tell me that he heard this
morning, by some Dutch that are come on board already to see the
ships, that there was a Portuguese taken yesterday at the Hague,
that had a design to kill the King. But this I heard afterwards
was only the mistake upon one being observed to walk with his
sword naked, he having lost his scabbard. Before dinner Mr. Edw.
Pickering and I, W. Howe, Pim, and my boy, to Scheveling, where
we took coach, and so to the Hague, where walking, intending to
find one that might show us the King incognito, I met with Captn.
Whittington (that had formerly brought a letter to my Lord from
the Mayor of London) and he did promise me to do it, but first we
went and dined. At dinner in came Dr. Cade, a merry mad parson
of the King's. And they two got the child and me (the others not
being able to crowd in) to see the King, who kissed the child
very affectionately. Then we kissed his, and the Duke of York's,
and the Princess Royal's hands. The King seems to be a very
sober man; and a very splendid Court he hath in the number of
persons of quality that are about him; English very rich in
habit. From the King to the Lord Chancellor, who did lie bed-rid
of the gout: he spoke very merrily to the child and me. After
that, going to see the Queen of Bohemia, I met Dr. Fuller, whom I
sent to a tavern with Mr. Edw. Pickering, while I and the rest
went to see the Queen, who used us very respectfully: her hand
we all kissed. She seems a very debonaire, but a plain lady. In
a coach we went to see a house of the Princess Dowager's [Mary,
daughter of Charles I.] in a park about a mile from the Hague,
where there is one of the most beautiful rooms for pictures in
the whole world. She had here one picture upon the top, with
these words, dedicating it to the memory of her husband:--
"Incomparabili marito, inconsolabilis vidua."

18th. Very early up, and, hearing that the Duke of York, our
Lord High admiral, would go on board to-day, Mr. Pickering and I
took waggon for Scheveling. But the wind being so very high that
no boats could get off from shore, we returned to the Hague
(having breakfasted with a gentleman of the Duke's and
Commissioner Pett, sent on purpose to give notice to my Lord of
his coming); we got a boy of the town to go along with us, and he
showed us the church where Van Trump lies entombed with a very
fine monument. His epitaph, is concluded thus:--"Tandem Bello
Anglico tantum non victor, certe invictus, vivere et vincere
desiit." There is a sea-fight cut in marble, with the smoake,
the best expressed that ever I saw in my life. From thence to
the great church, that stands in a fine great market-place, over
against the Stadt-House, and there I saw a stately tombe of the
old Prince of Orange, of marble and brass; wherein among other
rarities there are the angels with their trumpets expressed as it
were crying. There were very fine organs in both the churches.
It is a most sweet town, with bridges, and a river in every
street. We met with Commissioner Pett going down to the water-
side with Major Harly, who is going upon a dispatch into England.

19th. Up early and went to Scheveling, where I found no getting
on board, though the Duke of York sent every day to see whether
he could do it or no. By waggon to Lausdune, where the 365
children were born, We saw the hill where they say the house
stood wherein the children were born. The basins wherein the
male and female children were baptised do stand over a large
table that hangs upon a wall, with the whole story of the thing
in Dutch and Latin, beginning, "Margarita Herman Comitissa," &c.
The thing was done about 200 years ago.

20th. Commissioner Pett at last came to our lodging and caused
the boats to go off; so some in one boat and some in another we
all bid adieu to the shore. But through the badness of weather
we were in great danger, and a great while before we could get to
the ship. This hath not been known four days together such
weather this time of year, a great while. Indeed our fleet was
thought to be in great danger, but we found all well.

21st. The weather foul all this day also. After dinner, about
writing one thing or other all day, and setting my papers in
order, hearing by letters that came hither in my absence, that
the Parliament had ordered all persons to be secured, in order to
a trial, that did sit as judges in the late King's death, and all
the officers attending the Court. Sir John Lenthall moving in
the House, that all that had borne arms against the King should
be exempted from pardon, he was called to the bar of the House,
and after a severe reproof he was degraded his knighthood. At
Court I find that all things grow high. The old clergy talk as
being sure of their lands again, and laugh at the Presbytery; and
it is believed that the sales of the King's and Bishops' lands
will never be confirmed by Parliament, there being nothing now in
any man's power to hinder them and the King from doing what they
had a mind, but everybody willing to submit to any thing. We
expect every day to have the King and Duke on board as soon as it
is fair. My Lord does nothing now, but offers all things to the
pleasure of the Duke as Lord High Admiral. So that I am at a
loss what to do.

22nd. News brought that the two Dukes are coming on board,
which, by and by, they did, in a Dutch boat, the Duke of York in
yellow trimmings, the Duke of Gloucester in grey and red. My
Lord went in a boat to meet them, the Captain, myself, and
others, standing at the entering port. So soon as they were
entered we shot the guns off round the fleet. After that they
went to view the ship all over, and were most exceedingly pleased
with it. They seem to be very fine gentlemen. After that done,
upon the quarter-deck table, under the awning, the Duke of York
and my Lord, Mr. Coventry and I, spent an hour at allotting to
every ship their service, in their return to England; [Sir
William Coventry, to whom Mr. Pepys became so warmly attached
afterwards, was the youngest son of Thomas first Lord Coventry,
and Lord Keeper. He entered at Queen's College, Oxford, in 1642:
and on his return from his travels was made Secretary to the Duke
of York, and elected M.P. for Yarmouth. In 1662 he was appointed
a Commissioner of the Admiralty; in 1665 knighted and sworn a
privy Counsellor; and in 1667 constituted a Commissioner of the
Treasury, but having been forbid the Court, on account of his
challenging the Duke of Buckingham, he retired into the country,
nor could he subsequently be prevailed upon to accept of any
official employment. Burnet calls Sir W. C. the best speaker in
the House of Commons, and a man of great notions and eminent
virtues: and Mr. Pepys never omits an opportunity of paying a
tribute to his public and private worth. Ob. 1686, aged 60.]
which being done, they went to dinner, where the table was very
full: the two Dukes at the upper end, my Lord Opdam next on one
side, and my Lord on the other. Two guns given to every man
while he was drinking the King's health, and so likewise to the
Duke's health. I took down Monsieur d'Esquier to the great
cabbin below, and dined with him in state along with only one or
two friends of his. All dinner the harper belonging to Captain
Sparling played to the Dukes. After dinner, the Dukes and my
Lord to sea, the Vice and Rear-Admirals and I in a boat after
them. After that done, they made to the shore in the Dutch boat
that brought them, and I got into the boat with them; but the
shore was full of people to expect their coming. When we came
near the shore, my Lord left them and come into his own boat, and
Pen and I with him; my Lord being very well pleased with this
day's work. By the time we came on board again, news is sent us
that the King is on shore; so my Lord fired all his guns round
twice, and all the fleet after him. The gun over against my
cabbin I fired myself to the King, which was the first time that
he had been saluted by his own ships since this change; but
holding my head too much over the gun, I had almost spoiled my
right eye. Nothing in the world but giving of guns almost all
this day. In the evening we began to remove cabbins; I to the
carpenter's cabbin, and Dr. Clerke with me. Many of the King's
servants come on board to-night; and so many Dutch of all sorts
come to see the ship till it was quite dark, that we could not
pass by one another, which was a great trouble to us all. This
afternoon Mr. Downing (who was knighted yesterday by the King)
was here on board, and had a ship for his passage into England,
with his lady and servants. By the same token he called me to
him when I was going to write the order, to tell me that I must
write him Sir G. Downing. My Lord lay in the roundhouse to-
night. This evening I was late writing a French letter by my
Lord's order to Monsieur Wragh, Embassador de Denmarke a la Haye,
which my Lord signed in bed.

23rd. In the morning come infinity of people on board from the
King to go along with him. My Lord, Mr. Crewe, and others, go on
shore to meet the King as he comes off from shore, where Sir R.
Stayner, bringing His Majesty into the boat, I hear that His
Majesty did with a great deal of affection kiss my Lord upon his
first meeting. The King, with the two Dukes and Queen of
Bohemia, Princesse Royalle, and Prince of Orange, come on board,
where I in their coming in kissed the King's, Queen's and
Princesse's hands, having done the other before. Infinite
shooting off of the guns, and that in a disorder on purpose,
which was better than if it had been otherwise. All day nothing
but Lords and persons of honour on board, that we were exceeding
full. Dined in a great deal of state, the Royalle company by
themselves in the coach, which was a blessed sight to see. After
dinner the King and Duke altered the name of some of the ships,
viz. the Nazeby into Charles; the Richard, James; the Speaker,
Mary; the Dunbar (which was not in company with us), the Henry;
Winsly, Happy Return; Wakefield, Richmond; Lambert, the
Henrietta; Cheriton, the Speedwell; Bradford, the Successe.

[The Naseby now no longer England's shame,
But better to be lost in Charles his name.

That done, the Queen, Princesse Royalle, and Prince of Orange,
took leave of the King, and the Duke of York went on board the
London, and the Duke of Gloucester, the Swiftsure. Which done,
we weighed anchor, and with a fresh gale and most happy weather
we set sail for England. All the afternoon the King walked here
and there, up and down (quite contrary to what I thought him to
have been) very active and stirring. Upon the quarter-deck he
fell into discourse of his escape from Worcester, where it made
me ready to weep to hear the stories that he told of his
difficulties that he had passed through, as his travelling four
days and three nights on foot, every step up to his knees in
dirt, with nothing but a green coat and a pair of country
breeches on, and a pair of country shoes that made him so sore
all over his feet, that he could scarce stir. Yet he was forced
to run away from a miller and other company, that took them for
rogues. His sitting at table at one place, where the master of
the house, that had not seen him in eight years, did know him,
but kept it private; when at the same table there was one that
had been of his own regiment at Worcester, could not know him,
but made him drink the King's health, and said that the King was
at least four fingers higher than he. At another place he was by
some servants of the house made to drink, that they might know
that he was not a Roundhead, which they swore he was. In another
place at his inn, the master of the house, as the King was
standing with his hands upon the back of a chair by the fire-
side, kneeled down and kissed his hand, privately, saying, that
he would not ask him who he was, but bid God bless him whither he
was going. Then the difficulties in getting a boat to get into
France, where he was fain to plot with the master thereof to keep
his design from the foreman and a boy (which was all the ship's
company), and so get to Fecamp in France. At Rouen he looked so
poorly, that the people went into the rooms before he went away
to see whether he had not stole something or other. In the
evening I went up to my Lord to write letters for England, which
we sent away with word of our coming, by Mr. Edw. Pickering. The
King supped alone in the coach; after that I got a dish, and we
four supped in my cabbin, as at noon. About bed-time my Lord
Bartlett [A mistake, for Lord Berkeley, who had been deputed with
Lord Middlesex and four other Peers by the House of Lords, to
present an address of congratulation to the King.] (who I had
offered my service to before) sent for me to get him a bed, who
with much ado I did get to bed to my Lord Middlesex [Lionel,
third and last Earl of Middlesex. Ob. 1674.] in the great cabbin
below, but I was cruelly troubled before I could dispose of him,
and quit myself of him. So to my cabbin again, where the company
still was, and were talking more of the King's difficulties; as
how he was fain to eat a piece of bread and cheese out of a poor
body's pocket; how, at a Catholique house, he was fain to lie in
the priest's hole a good while in the house for his privacy.
After that our company broke up. We have all the Lords
Commissioners on board us, and many others. Under sail all
night, and most glorious weather.

24th. Up, and made myself as fine as I could, with the linning
stockings on and wide canons that I bought the other day at
Hague. Extraordinary press of noble company, and great mirth all
the day. There dined with me in my cabbin (that is, the
carpenter's) Dr. Earle [John Earle, Dean of Westminster,
successively Bishop of Worcester and Salisbury. Ob. 1665.] and
Mr. Hollis, the King's Chaplins, Dr. Scarborough, [Charles
Scarborough, M.D., principal Physician to Charles II., (by whom
he was knighted in 1669,) James II., and William III., a learned
and incomparable anatomist.] Dr. Quarterman, [William
Quarterman, M.D., of Pembroke College, Oxford.] and Dr.Clerke,
Physicians, Mr. Darsy, and Mr.Fox,[Afterwards Sir Stephen Fox,
Knight, Paymaster to the Forces.] (both very fine gentlemen) the
King's servants, where we had brave discourse. Walking upon the
decks, where persons of honour all the afternoon, among others,
Thomas Killigrew, [Thomas Killigrew, younger son of Robert
Killigrew, of Hanworth, Middlesex, Page of Honour to Charles I.,
and Groom of the Bedchamber to Charles II. whose fortunes he had
followed. He was resident at Venice, 1651; a great favourite
with the King on account of his uncommon vein of humour; the
author of several plays. Ob. 1682] (a merry droll, but a
gentleman of great esteem with the King,) who told us many merry
stories. At supper the three Drs. of Physique again at my
cabbin; where I put Dr. Scarborough in mind of what I heard him
say, that children do, in every day's experience, look several
ways with both their eyes, till custom teaches them otherwise.
And that we do now see but with one eye, Our eyes looking in
parallel lynes. After this discourse I was called to write a
pass for my Lord Mandeville [Eldest son of the Earl of
Manchester.] to take up horses to London, which I wrote in the
King's name, and carried it to him to sign, which was the first
and only one that ever he signed in the ship Charles. To bed,
coming in sight of land a little before night.

25th. By the morning we were come close to the land, and
everybody made ready to get on shore. The King and the two Dukes
did eat their breakfast before they went, and there being set
some ship's diet, they eat nothing else but pease and pork, and
boiled beef. Dr. Clerke, who eat with me, told me how the King
had given 50l. to Mr. Shepley for my Lord's servants, and 500l.
among the officers and common men of the ship. I spoke to the
Duke of York about business, who called me Pepys by name, and
upon my desire did promise me his future favour. Great
expectation of the King's making some Knights, but there was
none. About noon (though the brigantine that Beale made was
there ready to carry him) yet he would go in my Lord's barge with
the two Dukes. Our Captn. steered, and my Lord went along bare
with him. I went, and Mr. Mansell, and one of the King's
footmen, and a dog that the King loved, in a boat by ourselves,
and so got on shore when the King did, who was received by
General Monk with all imaginable love and respect at his entrance
upon the land of Dover. Infinite the crowd of people and the
horsemen, citizens, and noblemen of all sorts. The Mayor of the
town come and gave him his white staffe, the badge of his place,
which the King did give him again. The Mayor also presented him
from the town a very rich Bible, which he took and said it was
the thing that he loved above all things in the world, a canopy
was provided for him to stand under, which he did, and talked
awhile with General Monk and others, and so into a stately coach
there set for him, and so away through the towne towards
Canterbury, without making any stay at Dover. The shouting and
joy expressed by all is past imagination seeing that my Lord did
not stir out of his barge, I got into a boat and so into his
barge. My Lord almost transported with joy that he had done all
this without any the least blur or obstruction in the world, that
could give offence to any, and with the great honour he thought
it would be to him. Being overtook by the brigantine, my Lord
and we went out of our barge into it;, and so were on board with
Sir W. Batten [A Commissioner of the Navy, and in 1661 M.P. for
Rochester.] and the Vice and Rear-Admirals. At night I supped
with the Captn., who told me what the King had given us. My Lord
returned late, and at his coming did give me order to cause the
marke to be gilded, and a Crowne and C. R. to be made at the head
of the coach table, where the King today with his own hand did
marke his height, which accordingly I caused the painter to do,
and is now done as is to be seen.

28th. My Lord dined with the Vice-Admiral to-day, (who is as
officious, poor man! as any spaniel can be; but I believe all to
no purpose, for I believe he will not hold his place;) so I dined
commander at the coach table to-day, and all the officers of the
ship with me, and Mr. White of Dover. After a game or two at
nine-pins, to work all the afternoon, making above twenty orders.
In the evening my Lord having been a-shore, the first time that
he hath been a-shore since he come out of the Hope, (having
resolved not to go till he had brought his Majesty into England,
I returned on board with a great deal of pleasure. The Captain
told me that my Lord had appointed me 30l. out of the 1000 ducats
which the King had given to the ship.

27th (Lord's day). Called up by John Goods to see the Garter and
Heralds coate, which lay in the coach, brought by Sir Edward
Walker, King at Armes, this morning, for my Lord. My Lord had
summoned all the Commanders on board him, to see the ceremony,
which was thus: Sir Edward putting on his coate, and having laid
the George and Garter, and the King's letter to my Lord, upon a
crimson cushion, (in the coach, all the Commanders standing by,)
makes three congees to him, holding the cushion in his arms.
Then laying it down with the things upon it upon a chair, he
takes the letter, and delivers it to my Lord, which my Lord
breaks open and gives him to read. It was directed to our trusty
and well beloved Sir Edward Montagu, Knight, one of our Generals
at sea, and our Companion elect of our Noble Order of the Garter.
The contents of the letter is to show that the Kings of England
have for many years made use of this honour, as a special mark of
favour, to persons of good extraction and valour, (and that many
Emperors, Kings and Princes of other countries have borne this
honour), and that whereas my Lord is of a noble family, and hath
now done the King such service by sea, at this time, as he hath
done; he do send him this George and Garter to wear as Knight of
the Order, with a dispensation for the other ceremonies of the
habit of the Order, and other things, till hereafter, when it can
be done. So the herald putting the ribbon about his neck, and
the Garter on his left leg, he saluted him with joy as Knight of
the Garter. And after that was done he took his leave of my
Lord, and so to shore again to the King at Canterbury, where he
yesterday gave the like honour to General Monk, who are the only
two for many years that have had the Garter given them, before
they had honours of Earldome, or the like, excepting only the
Duke of Buckingham, who was only Sir George Villiers when he was
made Knight of the Garter. [A.D. 1616.]

29th. Abroad to shore with my Lord, (which he offered me of
himself, saying that I had a great deal of work to do this month,
which was very true.) On shore we took horses, my Lord and
Mr.Edward, Mr. Hetly and I, and three or four servants, and had a
great deal of pleasure in riding. At last we came upon a very
high cliffe by the sea-side and rode under it, we having laid
great wagers, I and Dr. Mathews, that it was not so high as
Paul's; my Lord and Mr. Hetly, that it was. But we riding under
it, my Lord made a pretty good measure of it with two sticks, and
found it to be not thirty-five yards high, and Paul's is reckoned
to be about ninety. From thence toward the barge again, and in
our way found the people of Deale going to make a bonfire for joy
of the day, it being the King's birthday, and had some guns which
they did fire at my Lord's coming by. For which I did give
twenty shillings among them to drink. While we were on the top
of the cliffe, we saw and heard our guns in the fleet go off for
the same joy. And it being a pretty fair day we could see above
twenty miles into France. Being returned on board, my Lord
called for Mr. Shepley's book of Paul's, by which we were
confirmed in our wager. This day, it is thought, the King do
enter the City of London.

30th. All this morning making up my accounts, in which I counted
that I had made myself now worth about 80l., at which my heart
was glad, and blessed God.

JUNE 1, 1660. At night Mr. Cook comes from London with letters,
leaving all things there very gallant and joyful. And brought us
word that the Parliament had ordered the 29th of May, the King's
birth-day, to be for ever kept as a day of thanksgiving for our
redemption from tyranny, and the King's return to his Government,
he entering London that day.

2nd. Being with my Lord in the morning about business in his
cabbin, I took occasion to give him thanks for his love to me in
the share that he had given me of his Majesty's money, and the
Duke's. He told me he hoped to do me a more lasting kindness, if
all things stand as they are now between him and the King, but,
says he, "We must have a little patience and we will rise
together; in the mean time I will do yet all the good jobs I
can." Which was great content for me to hear from my Lord. All
the morning with the Captain, computing how much the thirty ships
that come with the King from Scheveling their pay comes to for a
month (because the King promised to give them all a month's pay),
and it comes to 6,538l., and the Charles particularly 777l. I
wish we had the money.

3rd. Captaine Holland is come to get an order for the setting
out of his ship, and to renew his commission. He tells me how
every man goes to the Lord Mayor to set down their names, as such
as do accept of his Majesty's pardon, and showed me a certificate
under the Lord Mayor's hand, that he had done so.

At sermon in the morning; after dinner into my cabbin, to cast my
accounts up, and find myself to be worth near 100l. for which I
bless Almighty God, it being more than I hoped for so soon, being
I believe not clearly worth 25l. when I come to sea besides my
house and goods.

4th. This morning the King's Proclamation against drinking,
swearing, and debauchery, was read to our ships companies in the
fleet, and indeed it gives great satisfaction to all.

6th. In the morning I had letters come, that told me among other
things, that my Lord's place of Clerke of the Signet was fallen
to him, which he did most lovingly tell me that I should execute,
in case he could not get a better employment for me at the end of
the year. Because he thought that the Duke of York would command
all, but he hoped that the Duke would not remove me but to my

My letters tell me, that Mr. Calamy [Edward Calamy, the
celebrated Nonconformist Divine, born 1616, appointed Chaplain to
Charles the Second 1660. Ob. 1666.] had preached before the King
in a surplice (this I heard afterwards to be false); that my
Lord, Gen. Monk, and three more Lords, are made Commissioners for
the Treasury; that my Lord had some great place conferred on him,
and they say Master of the Wardrobe; and the two Dukes do haunt
the Park much, and that they were at a play, Madam Epicene,
[Epicene, or the Silent Woman, a Comedy by Ben Jonson.] the
other day; that Sir Ant. Cooper, [Afterwards Chancellor, and
created Earl of Shaftesbury.] Mr. Hollis, and Mr. Annesly, late
Presidents of the Council of State, are made Privy Councillors to
the King.

7th. After dinner come Mr. John Wright and Mr. Moore, with the
sight of whom my heart was very glad. They brought an order for
my Lord's coming up to London, which my Lord resolved to do to-
morrow. All the afternoon getting my things in order to set
forth to-morrow. At night walked up and down with Mr. Moore, who
did give me an account of all things at London. Among others,
how the Presbyterians would be angry if they durst, but they will
not be able to do any thing.

8th. Out early, took horses at Deale.

9th. To White Hall with my Lord and Mr. Edwd. Montagu. Found
the King in the Park. There walked. Gallantly great.

11th. With my Lord to Dorset House to the Chancellor. [Dorset-
House, in Salisbury Court, at this time occupied by the
Chancellor, once the residence of the Bishops of Salisbury, one
of whom (Jewel) alienated it to the Sackville-family. The house
being afterwards pulled down, a theatre was built on its site, in
which the Duke of York's troop performed.]

13th. By water with my Lord in a boat to Westminster, and to the
Admiralty, now in a new place.

15th. My Lord told me how the King has given him the place of
the great Wardrobe.

16th. To my Lord, and so to White Hall with him about the Clerk
of the Privy Seale's place, which he is to have. Then to the
Admiralty, where I wrote some letters. Here Coll. Thompson told
me, as a great secret, that the Nazeby was on fire when the King
was there, but that is not known; when God knows it is quite

17th (Lord's day). To Mr. Messinn's; a good sermon. This day
the organs did begin to play at White Hall before the King.
After dinner to Mr. Messinn's again, and so in the garden, and
heard Chippell's father preach, that was Page to the Protector.

18th. To my Lord's, where much business. With him to the
Parliament House, where he did intend to have made his appearance
to-day, but he met Mr. Crewe upon the stairs, and would not go
in. He went to Mrs. Brown's, and staid till word was brought him
what was done in the House. This day they made an end of the
twenty men to be excepted from pardon to their estates. By barge
to Stepney with my Lord, where at Trinity House we had great
entertainment. With my Lord there went Sir W. Pen, Sir H.
Wright, Hetly, Pierce, Creed, Hill, I and other servants. Back
again to the Admiralty, and so to my Lord's lodgings, where he
told me that he did look after the place of the Clerk of the Acts
for me.

19th. Much business at my Lord's. This morning my Lord went into
the House of Commons, and there had the thanks of the House, in
the name of the Parliament and Commons of England, for his late
service to his King and Country. A motion was made for a reward
for him, but it was quashed by Mr. Annesly, who, above most men,
is engaged to my Lord's and Mr. Crewe's favours. My Lord went at
night with the King to Baynard's Castle to supper, and I home.

20th. With my Lord (who lay long in bed this day, because he
came home late from supper with the King) to the Parliament
House, and, after that, with him to General Monk's, where he
dined at the Cock-pit. Thence to the Admiralty, and despatched
away Mr. Cooke to sea; whose business was a letter from my Lord
about Mr. G. Montagu to be chosen as a Parliament-man in my
Lord's room at Dover; and another to the Vice-Admiral to give my
Lord a constant account of all things in the fleet, merely that
he may thereby keep up his power there; another letter to Captn.
Cuttance to send the barge that brought the King on shore, to
Hinchingbroke by Lynne.

21st. To my Lord, much business. With him to the Council
Chamber, where he was sworne; and the charge of his being
admitted Privy Counsellor is 56l. To White Hall, where the King
being gone abroad, my Lord and I talked a great while discoursing
of the simplicity of the Protector, in his losing all that his
father had left him. My Lord told me, that the last words that
he parted with the Protector with, (when he went to the Sound),
were, that he should rejoice more to see him in his grave at his
return home, than that he should give way to such things as were
then in hatching, and afterwards did ruine him: and that the
Protector said, that whatever G. Montagu, my Lord Broghill [Roger
Boyle, Lord Broghill, created Earl of Orrery, 1660. Ob. 1679.],
Jones, and the Secretary, would have him to do, he would do it,
be it what it would.

22nd. To my Lord, where much business. With him to White Hall,
where the Duke of York not being up, we walked a good while in
the Shield Gallery. Mr. Hill (who for these two or three days
hath constantly attended my Lord) told me of an offer of 500l.
for a Baronet's dignity, which I told my Lord of in the balcone
of this gallery, and he said he would think of it. My dear
friend Mr. Fuller of Twickenham and I dined alone at the Sun
Tavern, where he told me how he had the grant of being Dean of
St. Patrick's, in Ireland; and I told him my condition, and both
rejoiced one for another. Thence to my Lord's and had the great
coach to Brigham's, who told me how my Lady Monk deals with him
and others for their places, asking him 500l. though he was
formerly the King's coach-maker, and sworn to it.

23rd. To my Lord's lodgings, where Tom Guy come to me, and there
staid to see the King touch people for the King's evil. But he
did not come at all, it rayned so; and the poor people were
forced to stand all the morning in the rain in the garden.
Afterward he touched them in the banquetting-house. With my
Lord, to my Lord Frezendorfe's [John Frederic de Friesendorff,
Embassador from Sweden to Charles the Second, who created him a
Baronet, 1661.] where he dined to-day. He told me that he had
obtained a promise of the Clerke of the Acts place for me, at
which I was glad.

25th. With my Lord at White Hall all the morning. I spoke with
Mr. Coventry about my business, who promised me all the
assistance I could expect. Dined with young Mr. Powell, lately
come from the Sound, being amused at our great charges here, and
Mr. Southerne, now Clerke to Mr. Coventry, at the Leg in King-
street. Thence to the Admiralty, where I met Mr. Turner, of the
Navy-office, who did look after the place of Clerke of the Acts.
He was very civil to me, and I to him, and shall be so. There
come a letter from my Lady Monk to my Lord about it this evening,
but he refused to come to her, but meeting in White Hall, with
Sir Thomas Clarges, her brother, my Lord returned answer, that he
could not desist in my business; and that he believed that
General Monk would take it ill if my Lord should name the
officers in his army; and therefore he desired to have the naming
of one officer in the fleete. With my Lord by coach to Mr.
Crewe's, and very merry by the way, discoursing of the late
changes and his good fortune. Thence home, and then with my wife
to Dorset House, to deliver a list of the names of the justices
of peace for Huntingdonshire.

26th. My Lord dined at his lodgings all alone to-day. I went to
Secretary Nicholas to carry him my Lord's resolutions about his
title, which he had chosen, and that is Portsmouth.

To Backewell the goldsmith's, and there we chose a 100l. worth
of plate for my Lord to give Secretary Nicholas. [Edward
Bakewell, an alderman of London, and opulent banker, ruined by
the shutting up of the Exchequer in 1672, when he retired to
Holland, where he died.]

27th. With my Lord to the Duke, where he spoke to Mr. Coventry
to despatch my business of the Acts, in which place every body
gives me joy, as if I were in it, which God send.

28th. To Sir G. Downing, the first visit I have made him since
he come. He is so stingy a fellow I care not to see him; I quite
cleared myself of his office, and did give him liberty to take
any body in. After all this to my Lord, who lay a-bed till
eleven o'clock, it being almost five before he went to-bed, they
supped so late last night with the King. This morning I saw poor
Bishop Wren going to Chappel, it being a thanksgiving day for the
King's returne. [Matthew Wren, Bishop of Ely. Ob. 1667, aged

29th. Up and to White Hall, where I got my warrant from the Duke
to be Clerke of the Acts. Also I got my Lord's warrant from the
Secretary for his honour of Earl of Portsmouth, and Viscount
Montagu of Hinchingbroke. So to my Lord, to give him an account
of what I had done. Then to Sir Geffery Palmer, [Sir Geoffrey
Palmer, Attorney General, and Chief Justice of Chester, 1660;
created a Baronet, 1661. Ob 1670.] who told me that my Lord
must have some good Latinist to make the preamble to his Patent,
which must express his rate service in the best terms that he
can, and he told me in what high flaunting terms Sir J.
Greenville had caused his to be done, which he do not like; but
that Sir Richard Fanshawe [Sir Richard Fanshawe, Knight and
Baronet, Secretary to Charles the Second in Scotland, and after
the Restoration employed on several embassies. He was a good
linguist, and translated the Lusiad and Pastor Fido.] had done
General Monk's very well. Then to White Hall, where I was told
by Mr. Hutchinson at the Admiralty, that Mr. Barlow, my
predecessor, Clerke of the Acts, is yet alive, and coming up, to
town to look after his place, which made my heart sad a little.
At night told my Lord thereof, and he bad me get possession of my
Patent; and he would do all that could be done to keep him out.
This night my Lord and I looked over the list of the Captains,
and marked some that my Lord had a mind to put out.

30th. By times to Sir R. Fanshawe to draw up the preamble to my
Lord's patent. So to my Lord, and with him to White Hall, where
saw a great many fine antique heads of marble, that my Lord
Northumberland [Algernon Percy, tenth Earl of Northumberland.]
had given the King. To White Hall with Mr. Moore, where I met
with a letter from Mr. Turner, offering me 150l. to be joined
with me in my patent, and to advise me how to improve the
advantage of my place, and to keep off Barlow. This day come
Will, my boy, to me: the maid continuing lame. [William Hewer,
respecting whose origin I can only make out, that he was a nephew
to Mr. Blackburne, so often mentioned in these pages, where his
father's death, of the plague, also occurs. He became afterwards
a Commissioner of the Navy and Treasurer for Tangier; and was the
constant companion of Mr. Pepys, who died in his house at
Clapham, previously the residence of Sir Dennis Gauden. Mr.
Hewer was buried in the old Church at Clapham, where there is a
large monument of marble in alto relievo erected to his memory.]

JULY 1, 1660. This morning come home my fine Camlett cloak, with
gold Buttons, and a silk suit, which cost me much money, and I
pray God to make me able to pay for it. In the afternoon to
the Abbey, where a good sermon by a stranger, but no Common
Prayer yet.

2nd. All the afternoon with my Lord, going up and down the town;
at seven at night he went home, and there the principal Officers
of the Navy, among the rest myself was reckoned one. We had
order to meet to-morrow, to draw up such an order of the Council
as would put us into action before our patents were passed. At
which my heart was glad.

[A list of the Officers of the Admiralty, 31st May, 1660.
His Royal Highness James, Duke of York, Lord High Admiral.
Sir George Carteret, Treasurer.
Sir Robert Slingsby, (soon after) Comptroller.
Sir William Batten, Surveyor.
Samuel Pepys, Esq. Clerk of the Acts.
John, Lord Berkeley, )
Sir William Penn, ) Commissioners.
Peter Pett, Esq. )

At night supped with my Lord, he and I together, in a great
dining-room alone by ourselves.

3rd. The Officers and Commissioners of the Navy met at Sir G.
Carteret's chamber, and agreed upon orders for the Council to
supersede the old ones, and empower us to act. [Sir George
Carteret, Knight, had originally been bred to the sea service,
and became Comptroller of the Navy to Charles the First, and
Governor of Jersey where he obtained considerable reputation by
his gallant defence of that Island against the Parliament forces.
At the Restoration he was made Vice Chamberlain to the King,
Treasurer of the Navy, and A Privy Councillor, and in 1661 M.P.
for Portsmouth. He continued in favour with his sovereign till
1679, when he died in his 80th year. He married his cousin
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Philip Carteret, Knight, of St. Ouen,
and had issue three sons and five daughters.] Dined with Mr.
Stephens, the Treasurer of the Navy, and Mr. Turner, to whom I
offered 50l. out of my own purse for one year, and the benefit
of a Clerke's allowance beside, which he thanked me for; but I
find he hath some design yet in his head, which I could not think
of. In the afternoon my heart was quite pulled down, by being
told that Mr. Barlow was to enquire to-day for Mr. Coventry; but
at night I met with my Lord, who told me that I need not fear,
for he would get me the place against the world. And when I come
to W. Howe, he told me that Dr. Petty had been with my Lord, and
did tell him that Barlow was a sickly man, and did not intend to
execute the place himself, which put me in great comfort again.

4th. To Mr. Backewell's, the goldsmith, where I took my Lord's
100l. in plate for Mr. Secretary Nicholas, and my own piece of
plate, being a state dish and cup in chased work for Mr.
Coventry, cost me above 19l. Carried these and the money by
coach to my Lord's at White Hall, and from thence carried
Nicholas's plate to his house and left it there, intending to
speak with him anon. So to my Lord's, and walking all the
afternoon in White Hall Court, in expectation of what shall be
done in the Council as to our business. It was strange to see
how all the people flocked together bare, to see the King looking
out of the Council window. At night my Lord told me how my
orders that I drew last night about giving us power to act, are
granted by the Council. At which I was very glad.

5th. This morning my brother Tom brought me my jackanapes coat
with silver buttons. It rained this morning, which, makes us
fear that the glory of this day will be lost; the King and
Parliament being to be entertained by the City to-day with great
pomp. Mr. Hater was with me to-day, and I agreed with him to be
my clerke. Being at White Hall, I saw the King, the Dukes, and
all their attendants go forth in the rain to the City, and it
spoiled many a fine suit of clothes. I was forced to walk all
the morning in White Hall, not knowing how to get out because of
the rain. Met with Mr. Cooling, [Richard Cooling or Coling,
A.M., of All-Souls College, Secretary to the Earls of Manchester
and Arlington, when they filled the office of Lord Chamberlain,
and a Clerk of the Privy Council in ordinary. There is a
mezzotinto print of him in the Pepysian Collection.] my Lord
Chamberlain's secretary, who took me to dinner among the
gentlemen waiters, and after dinner into the wine-cellar. He
told me how he had a project for all us Secretaries to join
together, and get money by bringing all business into our hands.
Thence to the Admiralty, where Mr. Blackburne and I (it beginning
to hold up) went and walked an hour or two in the Park, he
giving of me light in many things in my way in this office that I
go about. And in the evening I got my presents of plate carried
to Mr. Coventry's. At my Lord's at night comes Dr. Petty to me,
to tell me that Barlow was come to town, and other things, which
put me into a despair, and I went to bed very sad.

6th. In the afternoon my Lord and I, and Mr. Coventry and Sir G.
Carteret, went and took possession of the Navy-Office, whereby my
mind was a little cheered, but my hopes not great. From thence
Sir G. Carteret and I to the Treasurer's Office, where he set
some things in order.

8th (Lord's day). To White Hall chapel, where I got in with ease
by going before the Lord Chancellor with Mr. Kipps. Here I heard
very good musique, the first time that ever I remember to have
heard the organs and singing-men in surplices in my life. The
Bishop of Chichester [Henry King, Dean of Rochester, advanced to
the See of Chichester, 1641. Ob. 1669.] preached before the
King, and made a great flattering sermon, which I did not like
that the Clergy should meddle with matters of state. Dined with
Mr. Luellin and Salisbury at a cook's shop. Home, and staid all
the afternoon with my wife till after sermon. There till Mr.
Fairebrother [William Fairbrother, in 1661 made D.D. at Cambridge
per regias litteras.] come to call us out to my father's to
supper. He told me how he had perfectly procured me to be made
Master in Arts by proxy, which did somewhat please me, though I
remember my cousin Roger Pepys [Roger Pepys, a Barrister, M.P.
for Cambridge, 1661, And afterwards Recorder of that town.] was
the other day persuading me from it.

[The Grace which passed the University, on this occasion, is
preserved in Kennett's Chronicle, and commenced as follows:--Cum
Sam Pepys, Coll. Magd. Inceptor in Artibus in Regia Classe
existat e Secretis. exindeq. apud mare adec occupatissimus ut
Comitiis proxime futuris interesse non possit; placet vobis ut
dictus S. P. admissionem suam necnon creationem recipiat ad
gradum Magistri in Artibus sub pepsona Timothei Wellfit,
Inceptoris, &c. &c.--June 26, 1660.]

9th. To the Navy-office, where in the afternoon we met and sat,
and there I begun to sign bills in the Office the first time.
[The Navy Office was erected on the site of Lumley House,
formerly belonging to the Fratres Sanctae Crucis (or Crutched
Friars), and all business connected with Naval concerns was
transacted there, till its removal to Somerset House. The ground
is now occupied by the East India Company's warehouses.]

10th. This day I put on my new silk suit, the first that ever I
wore in my life. Home, and called my wife, and took her to
Clodins's to a great wedding of Nan Hartlib to Mynheer Roder,
which was kept at Goring House [Goring House was burnt in 1674,
at which time Lord Arlington resided in it.] with very great
state, cost, and noble company. But among all the beauties
there, my wife was thought the greatest. And finding my Lord in
White Hall garden, I got him to go to the Secretary's, which he
did, and desired the dispatch of his and my bills to be signed by
the King. His bill is to be Earle of Sandwich, Viscount
Hinchingbroke, and Baron of St. Neot's. Home, with my mind
pretty quiet: not returning, as I said I would, to see the bride
put to bed.

11th. With Sir W. Pen by water to the Navy-office, where we met,
and dispatched business. And that being done, we went all to
dinner to the Dolphin, upon Major Brown's invitation. After that
to the office again, where I was vexed, and so was Commissioner
Pett, to see a busy fellow come to look out the best lodgings for
my Lord Barkley, and the combining between him and Sir W. Pen;
and, indeed, was troubled much at it.

[Sir William Pen was born at Bristol in 1621, of the ancient
family of the Pens of Pen Lodge, Wilts. He was Captain at the
age of 21; Rear-Admiral of Ireland at 23; Vice-Admiral of
England, and General in the first Dutch war at 32. He was
subsequently M.P, for Weymonth, Governor of Kinsale, and Vice-
Admiral of Munster, After the Dutch fight in 1665, where he
distinguished himself as second in command under the Duke of
York, he took leave of the sea, but continued to act as a
Commissioner for the Navy till 1669, when he retired on account
of his bodily infirmities to Wanstead, and died there September
16, 1670, aged 49.]

12th. Up early and by coach to White Hall with Commissioner
Pett, where, after we had talked with my Lord, I went to the
Privy Seale and got my bill perfected there, and at the Signet:
and then to the House of Lords, and met with Mr. Kipps, who
directed me to Mr. Beale to get my patent engrossed; but he not
having time to get it done in Chancery-hand, I was forced to run
all up and down Chancery-lane, and the Six Clerks' Office, but
could find none that could write the hand, that were at leisure.
And so in despair went to the Admiralty, where we met the first
time there, my Lord Montagu, my Lord Barkley, Mr. Coventry, and
all the rest of the principal Officers and Commissioners, except
only the Controller, who is not yet chosen.

13th. Up early, the first day that I put on my black camlett
coat with silver buttons. To Mr. Spong, whom I found in his
night-gown writing of my patent. It being done, we carried it to
Worcester House, [The Earls of Worcester had a large house
between Durham Place and the Savoy, which Lord Clarendon rented
at 5l. per annum, while his own was building.] to the
Chancellor, where Mr. Kipps got me the Chancellor's recepi to my
bill; and so carried it to Mr. Beale for a dockett; but he was
very angry, and unwilling to do it, because he said it was ill
writ, (because I had got it writ by another hand, and not by
him); but by much importunity I got Mr. Spong to go to his office
and make an end of my patent; and in the mean time Mr. Beale to
be preparing my dockett, which being done, I did give him two
pieces, after which it was strange how civil and tractable he
was to me. Met with Mr. Spong, who still would be giving me
council of getting my patent out, for fear of another change and
my Lord Montagu's fall. After that to Worcester House, where by
Mr. Kipps's means, and my pressing in General Montagu's name to
the Chancellor, I did, beyond all expectation, get my seal
passed; and while it was doing in one room, I was forced to keep
Sir G. Carteret (who by chance met me there, ignorant of my
business) in talk. I to my Lord's, where I dispatched an order
for a ship to fetch Sir R. Honywood home. Late writing letters;
and great doings of musique at the next house, which was
Whally's; the King and Dukes there with Madame Palmer, a pretty
woman that they had a fancy to. [Barbara Villiers, daughter of
William Viscount Grandison, wife of Roger Palmer, Esq., created
Earl of Castlemaine, 1661. She became the King's mistress soon
after the Restoration, and was in 1670 made Duchess of Cleveland.
She died 1709, aged 69.] Here at the old door that did go into
his lodgings, my Lord, I, and W. Howe, did stand listening a
great while to the musique.

14th. Comes in Mr. Pagan Fisher, the poet, and promises me that
he had long ago done, a book in praise of the King of France,
with my armes, and a dedication to me very handsome.

[Payne Fisher, who styled himself Paganus Piscator, was born in
1616, in Dorsetshire, and removed from Hart Hall, Oxford, of
which he had been a commoner, to Magdalene College, Cambridge, in
1634; and there took a degree of B.A., and first discovered a
turn for poetry. He was afterwards a Captain in the King's
service at Marston Moor fight; but leaving his command, employed
his pen against the cause which he had supported with his sword,
and became a favourite of Cromwell's. After the King's return,
he, obtained a scanty subsistence by flattering men in power, and
was frequently imprisoned for debt. He died in 1693. He
published several poems, chiefly in Latin; and, in 1682, printed
a book of Heraldry, with the arms of each of the gentry as he had
waited upon with presentation copies. He was a man of talents,
but vain, unsteady, and conceited, and a great time-server.]

15th. My wife and I mightily pleased with our new house that we
hope to have. My patent has cost me a great deal of money; about
40l. In the afternoon to Henry the Seventh's Chapel, where I
heard a Sermon.

17th. This morning (as indeed all the mornings now-a-days) much
business at my Lord's. There come to my house before I went out
Mr. Barlow, an old consumptive man, and fair conditioned. After
much talk, I did grant, him what he asked, viz. 50l. per annum,
if my salary be not increased, and 100l. per annum, in case it be
350l. at which he was very well pleased to be paid as I received
my money, and not otherwise, so I brought him to my Lord's and he
and I did agree together.

18th. This morning we met at the office: I dined at my house in
Seething Lane.

19th. We did talk of our old discourse when we did use to talk
of the King, in the time of the Rump, privately; after that to
the Admiralty Office, in White Hall, where I staid and writ my
late observations for these four days last past. Great talk of
the difference between the Episcopal and Presbyterian Clergy,
but I believe it will come to nothing.

22nd. After dinner to White Hall, where I find my Lord at home,
and walked in the garden with him, he showing me all respect. I
left him, and went to walk in the inward park, but could not get
in; one man was basted by the keeper, for carrying some people
over on his back, through the water. Home, and at night had a
chapter read; and I read prayers out of the Common Prayer Book,
the first time that ever I read prayers in this house. So to

23rd. After dinner to my Lord, who took me to Secretary
Nicholas; [Sir Edward Nicholas, many years principal Secretary of
State to Charles the First and Second; dismissed from his office
through the intrigues of Lady Castlemaine in 1668 and ob. 1669,
aged 77.] and before him and Secretary Morris, [Sir William
Morris, Secretary of State from 1660 to 1668. Ob. 1676. He was
kinsman to General Monk.] my Lord and I upon our knees together
took our oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy; and the Oath of the
Privy Seale, of which I was much glad, though I am not likely to
get anything by it at present; but I do desire it, for fear of a
turn-out of our office.

24th. To White Hall, where I did acquaint Mr. Watkins with my
being sworn into the Privy Seale, at which he was much troubled,
but did offer me a kinsman of his to be my clerk. In the
afternoon I spent much time in walking in White Hall Court with
Mr. Bickerstaffe, who was very glad of my Lord's being sworn,
because of his business with his brother Baron, which is referred
to my Lord Chancellor, and to be ended to-morrow. [They were
both clerks of the Privy Seal.] Baron had got a grant beyond
sea, to come in before the reversionary of the Privy Seale.

25th. I got my certificate of my Lord's and I being sworn. This
morning my Lord took leave of the House of Commons, and had the
thanks of the House for his great service to his country. [In
the Journals this is stated to have taken place July 24th.]

26th. Early to White Hall, thinking to have a meeting of my Lord
and the principal officers, but my Lord could not, it being the
day that he was to go and be admitted in the House of Lords, his
patent being done, which he presented upon his knees to the
Speaker; and so it was read in the House, and he took his place,
T. Doling carried me to St. James's Fair, and there meeting with
W. Symons and his wife, and Luellin, and D. Scobell's wife and
cousin, we went to Wood's at the Pell Mell (our old house for
clubbing), and there we spent till ten at night.

28th. A boy brought me a letter from Poet Fisher, who tells me
that he is upon a panegyrique of the King, and desired to borrow
a piece of me; and I sent him half a piece. To Westminster, and
there met Mr. Henson, who had formerly had the brave clock that
went with bullets (which is now taken away from him by the King,
it being his goods).

29th. With my Lord to White Hall Chapel, where I heard a cold
sermon of the Bishop of Salisbury's, Duppa's, [Brian Duppa,
successively bishop of Chichester, Salisbury, and Winchester.
Ob. 1662.] and the ceremonies did not please me, they do so
overdo them. My Lord went to dinner at Kensington with my Lord
Camden. [Baptist, second Viscount Campden, Lord Lieutenant of
Rutlandshire. Ob. 1683.]

30th, This afternoon I got my 50l., due to me for my first
quarter's salary as Secretary to my Lord, paid to Tho. Hater for
me, which he received and brought home to me, of which I felt
glad. The sword-bearer of London (Mr. Man) came to ask for us,
with whom we sat late, discoursing about the worth of my office
of Clerke of the Acts, which he hath a mind to buy, and I asked
four years' purchase.

31st. To White Hall, where my Lord and the principal officers
met, and had a great discourse about raising of money for the
Navy, which is in very sad condition, and money must be raised
for it. I back to the Admiralty, and there was doing things in
order to the calculating of the debts of the Navy and other
business, all the afternoon. At night I went to the Privy Seale,
where I found Mr. Crofts and Mathews making up all their things
to leave the office to-morrow, to those that come to wait the
next month.

AUGUST 1, 1660. In the afternoon at the office, where we had many
things to sign and I went to the Council Chamber, and there got
my Lord to sign the first bill, and the rest all myself; but
received no money to-day.

2nd. To Westminster by water with Sir W. Batten and Sir W. Pen,
(our servants in another boat) to the Admiralty; and from thence
I went to my Lord's to fetch him thither, where we stayed in the
morning about ordering of money for the victuallers, and advising
how to get a sum of money to carry on the business of the Navy.
From thence W. Hewer and I to the office of Privy Seale, where I
stayed all the afternoon, and received about 40l. for yesterday
and to-day, at which my heart rejoiced for God's blessing to me,
to give me this advantage by chance, there being of this 40l.
about 10l. due to me for this day's work. So great is the
present profit of this office, above what it was in the King's
time; there being the last month about 300 bills, whereas in the
late King's time it was much to have 40. I went and cast up the
expense that I laid out upon my former house, (because there are
so many that are desirous of it, and I am, in my mind, loth to
let it go out of my hands, for fear of a turn.) I find my
layings-out to come to about 20l. which with my fine will come to
about 22l. to him that shall hire my house of me.

4th. To White Hall, where I found my Lord gone with the King by
water to dine at the Tower with Sir J. Robinson, Lieutenant.
[Sir John Robinson, created a Baronet for his services to Charles
II., 1660, and had an augmentation to his arms. He was Lord
Mayor of London, 1663.] I found my Lady Jemimah [Lady Jemimah
Montagu.] at my Lord's, with whom I staid and dined, all alone;
after dinner to the Privy Seale Office, where I did business. So
to a Committee of Parliament, (Sir Hen. Finch, [Solicitor-
General, 1660; Lord Keeper, 1673; Chancellor, 1675; created Earl
of Nottingham, 1681. Ob. 1682,] Chairman), to give them an
answer to an order of theirs, "that we could not give them any
account of the Accounts of the Navy in the years 36, 37, 38, 39,
40, as they desire."

6th. This night Mr. Man offered me 1000l. for my office of
Clerke of the Acts, which made my mouth water; but yet I dare not
take it till I speak with my Lord to have his consent.

7th. Mr. Moore and myself dined at my Lord's with Mr. Shepley.
While I was at dinner in come Sam. Hartlibb and his brother-in-
law, now knighted by the King, to request my promise of a ship
for them to Holland, which I had promised to get for them. After
dinner to the Privy Seale all the afternoon. At night, meeting
Sam. Hartlibb, he took me by coach to Kensington, to my Lord of
Holland's; I staid in the coach while he went in about his
business. [Samuel Hartlib, son of a Polish merchant, and author
of several ingenious Works on Agriculture, for which he had a
pension from Cromwell.--VIDE CHALMERS'S BIOG. DICT.]

9th. With Judge Advocate Fowler, Mr. Creed, and Mr. Shepley to
the Rhenish Wine-house, and Captain Hayward of the Plymouth, who
is now ordered to carry my Lord Winchelsea, Embassador to
Constantinople. We were very merry, and Judge Advocate did give
Captain Hayward his Oath of Allegiance and Supremacy.

10th. With Mr. Moore and Creed to Hide-parke by coach, and saw a
fine foot-race three times round the Park, between an Irishman
and Crow, that was once my Lord Claypoole's footman. [John Lord
Claypoole married, in 1645, Mary, second daughter of Oliver
Cromwell, to whom he became Master of the Horse, and a Lord of
the Bedchamber; he was also placed in his Father-in-Law's Upper
House. During Richard Cromwell's time he retained all his places
at Court; and at the Restoration, never having made an enemy
whilst his relations were in power, he was not molested, and
lived till 1688. His father had been proceeded against in the
Star Chamber, for resisting the payment of Ship Money, and was by
Cromwell constituted Clerk of the Hanaper, and created a
Baronet.] By the way I cannot forget that my Lord Claypoole did
the other day make enquiry of Mrs. Hunt, concerning my house in
Axe yard, and did set her on work to get it of me for him, which
methinks is a very great change. But blessed be God for my good
chance of the Privy Seale, where I get every day I believe about
3l. This place my Lord did give me by chance, neither he nor I
thinking it to be of the worth that he and I find it to be.

12th (Lord's day). To my Lord, and with him to White Hall
Chapel, where Mr. Calamy preached, and made a good sermon upon
these words "To whom much is given, of him much is required." He
was very officious with his three reverences to the King, as
others do. After sermon a brave anthem of Captain Cooke's,
[Henry Cooke, Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal, and an
excellent musician. Ob. 1672.] which he himself sung, and the
King was well pleased with it. My Lord dined at my Lord
Chamberlin's. [The Earl of Manchester.]

14th. To the Privy Seale, and thence to my Lord's, where Mr. Pin
the taylor, and I agreed upon making me a velvet coat. From
thence to the Privy Seale again, where Sir Samuel Morland come
with a Baronet's grant to pass, which the King had given him to
make money of. Here we staid with him a great while; and he told
me the whole manner of his serving the King in the time of the
Protector; and how Thurloe's bad usage made him to do it; how he
discovered Sir R. Willis, and how he had sunk his fortune for the
King; and that now the King had given him a pension of 500l. per
annum out of the Post Office for life, and the benefit of two
Baronets; all which do make me begin to think that he is not so
much a fool as I took him to be. I did make even with Mr.
Fairebrother for my degree of Master of Arts, which cost me about
9l. 16s.

15th. To the office, and after dinner by water to White Hall,
where I found the King gone this morning by five of the clock to
see a Dutch pleasure-boat below bridge, where he dines and my
Lord with him, The King do tire all his people that are about him
with early rising since he come.

18th. Captain Ferrers took me and Creed to the Cockpitt play,
the first that I have had time to see since my coming from sea,
"The Loyall Subject," [A Tragi-comedy by Beaumont and Fletcher.]
where one Kinaston, a boy, acted the Duke's sister, but made the
loveliest lady that ever I saw in my life. [Edward Kynaston,
engaged by Sir W. Davenant in 1660, to perform the principal
female characters: he afterwards assumed the male ones in the
first parts of tragedy, and continued on the stage till the end
of King William's reign, The period of his death is not known.]

20th. This afternoon at the Privy Seale, where reckoning with
Mr. Moore, he had got 100l. for me together, which I was glad of,
guessing that the profit of this month would come to 100l. With
W. Hewer by coach to Worcester House, where I light, sending him
home with the 100l. that I received to-day. Here I staid, and
saw my Lord Chancellor come into his Great Hall, where wonderful
how much company there was to expect him. Before he would begin
any business, he took my papers of the state of the debts of the
fleet, and there viewed them before all the people, and did give
me his advice privately how to order things, to get as much money
as we can of the Parliament.

21st. I met Mr. Crewe and dined with him, where there dined one
Mr. Hickeman, an Oxford man, who spoke very much against the
height of the now old clergy, for putting out many of the
religious fellows of Colleges, and inveighing against them for
their being drunk. It being post-night, I wrote to my Lord to
give him notice that all things are well; that General Monk is
made Lieutenant of Ireland, which my Lord Roberts (made Deputy)
do not like of, to be Deputy to any man but the king himself.
[John, second Lord Robartes, advanced to the dignity of Earl of
Radnor, 1679. Ob. 1685.]

22nd. In the House, after the Committee was up, I met with Mr.
G. Montagu, and joyed him in his entrance (this being his 3rd
day) for Dover. Here he made me sit all alone in the House, none
but he and I, half an hour, discoursing how there was like to be
many factions at Court between Marquis Ormond, [James, afterwards
created Duke of Ormond, and K.G. and twice Lord Lieutenant of
Ireland.] General Monk, and the Lord Roberts, about the business
of Ireland; as there is already between the two Houses about the
Act of Indemnity; and in the House of Commons, between the
Episcopalian and Presbyterian men.

23rd. By water to Doctors' Commons to Dr. Walker, [One of the
Judges of the Admiralty.] to give him my Lord's papers to view
over, concerning his being empowered to be Vice-Admiral under the
Duke of York. Thence by water to White Hall, to the Parliament
House, where I spoke with Colonel Birch, [Colonel John Birch
represented Leominster at that time, and afterwards Penryn. He
was an active Member of Parliament.] and so to the Admiralty
chamber, where we and Mr. Coventry had a meeting about several
businesses. Amongst others, it was moved that Phineas Pett,
(kinsman to the commissioner,) of Chatham, should be suspended
his employment till he had answered some articles put in against
him, as that he should formerly say that the King was a bastard
and his mother a strumpet. [Phineas Pett, an eminent ship-
builder employed by the Admiralty.]

25th. This night W. Hewer brought me home from Mr. Pim's my
velvet coat and cap, the first that ever I had.

28th. Colonel Scroope is this day excepted out of the Act of
Indemnity, which has been now long in coming out, but it is
expected tomorrow. [Colonel Adrian Scroope, one of the persons
who sat in judgment upon Charles I.] I carried home 80l. from
Privy Seale, by coach.

30th. To White Hall, where I met with the Act of Indemnity, (so
long talked-of and hoped for,) with the Act of Rate for Pole-
money, and for judicial proceedings. This the first day that
ever I saw my wife wear black patches since we were married.

SEPTEMBER 1, 1660. All this afternoon sending express to the
fleet, to order things against my Lord's coming; and taking
direction of my Lord about some rich furniture to take along with
him for the Princesse. [The Princess of Orange.] And talking
after this, I hear by Mr. Townsend, that there is the greatest
preparation against the Prince de Ligne's coming over from the
King of Spain, that ever was in England for their Embassador.

3rd. Up and to Mr. --, the goldsmith, and there, with much ado,
got him to put a gold ring to the jewell, which the King of
Sweden did give my Lord: out of which my Lord had now taken the
King's picture, and intends to make a George of it. About noon
my Lord, having taken leave of the King in the Shield Gallery,
(where I saw with what kindnesse the King did hugg my Lord at his
parting,) I went over with him and saw him in his coach at
Lambeth and there took leave of him, he going to the Downes.

5th. Great newes now-a-day of the Duke d'Anjou's desire to marry
the Princesse Henrietta. [Only brother to Louis XIV.; became
Duke of Orleans on the death of his uncle.] Hugh Peters is said
to be taken. The Duke of Gloucester is ill, and it is said it
will prove the small-pox.

13th. This day the Duke of Gloucester died of the small-pox by
the great negligence of the doctors.

15th. To Westminster, where I met with Dr. Castles, who chidd me
for some error in our Privy-Seale business; among the rest, for
letting the fees of the six judges pass unpaid, which I know not
what to say to, till I speak to Mr. Moore. I was much troubled,
for fear of being forced to pay the money myself. Called at my
father's going home, and bespoke mourning for myself, for the
death of the Duke of Gloucester.

16th. My Lord of Oxford is also dead of the small-pox; in whom
his family dyes, after 600 years having that honour in their
family and name. [This must be a mistake for some other person.
Robert, nineteenth earl of Oxford having died in 1632, and
Aubrey de Vere, his successor, the twentieth Earl, living till
1703.] To the Park, where I saw how far they had proceeded in
the Pell-mell, and in making a river through the Park, which I
had never seen before since it was begun. Thence to White Hall
garden, where I saw the King in purple mourning for his brother.

18th. This day I heard that the Duke of York, upon the news of
the death of his brother yesterday, came hither by post last

To the Miter taverne in Wood-streete (a house of the greatest
note in London,) where I met W. Symons, and D. Scobell, and their
wives, Mr. Samford Luellin, Chetwind, one Mr. Vivion, and Mr.
White, formerly chaplain to the Lady Protectresse, (and still so,
and one they say that is likely to get my Lady Francesse for his
wife). [According to Noble, Jeremiah White married Lady Frances
Cromwell's waiting-woman, in Oliver's lifetime, and they lived
together fifty years. Lady Frances had two husbands, Mr. Robert
Rich, and Sir John Russell, the last of whom she survived fifty-
two years, dying 1721-2.] Here some of us fell to handycapp, a
sport that I never knew before.

20th. To Major Hart's lodgings in Cannon-streete, who used me
very kindly with wine and good discourse, particularly upon the
ill method which Col. Birch and the Committee use in defending of
the army and the navy; promising the Parliament to save them a
great, deal of money, when we judge that it will cost the King
more than if they had nothing to do with it, by reason of their
delayes and scrupulous enquirys into the account of both.

21st. Upon the water saw the corpse of the Duke of Gloucester
brought down to Somerset House stairs, to go by water to
Westminster, to be buried.

22nd. I bought a pair of short black stockings, to wear over a
pair of silk ones for mourning; and I met with The. Turner and
Joyce, buying of things to go into mourning too for the Duke,
which is now the mode of all the ladies in towne. This day Mr.
Edw. Pickering is come from my Lord, and says that he left him
well in Holland, and that he will be here within three or four

23rd. This afternoon, the King having news of the Princesse
being come to Margatte, he and the Duke of York went down thither
in barges to her.

24th. I arose from table and went to the Temple church, where I
had appointed Sir W. Batten to meet him; and there at Sir Heneage
Finch Solliciter General's chambers, before him and Sir W. Wilde,
Recorder of London (whom we sent for from his chamber) we were
sworn justices of peace for Middlesex, Essex, Kent, and
Southampton; with which honour I did find myself mightily
pleased, though I am wholly ignorant in the duties of a justice
of peace.

28th. I did send for a cup of tee (a China drink) of which I
never had drank before, and went away (the King and the Princesse
coming up the river this afternoon as we were at our pay). My
Lord told me how the ship that brought the Princesse and him (The
Tredagh) did knock six times upon the Kentish Knock, which put
them in great fear for the ship; but got off well. He told me
also how the King had knighted Vice-admiral Lawson and Sir
Richard Stayner.

29th. This day or yesterday, I hear, Prince Rupert is come to
Court; but welcome to nobody. [Son of Frederic, Prince Palatine
of the Rhine, afterwards styled King of Bohemia, by Elizabeth,
only sister to Charles I. Ob. 1682.]

OCTOBER 2, 1660. At Will's I met with Mr. Spicer, and with him
to the Abbey to see them at vespers. There I found but a thin

3rd. To my Lord's, who sent a great iron chest to White Hall;
and I saw it carried, into the King's closet, where I saw most
incomparable pictures. Among the rest a book open upon a desk,
which I durst have sworn was a reall book. Back again to my
Lord, and dined all alone with him, who did treat me with a great
deal of respect; and after dinner did discourse an hour with me,
saying that he believed that he might have any thing that he
would ask of the King. This day I heard the Duke speak of a
great design that he and my Lord of Pembroke have, and a great
many others, of sending a venture to some parts of Africa to dig
for gold ore there. They intend to admit as many as will venture
their money, and so make themselves a company. 250l. is the
lowest share for every man. But I do not find that my Lord do
much like it.

4th. I and Lieut. Lambert to Westminster Abbey, where we saw Dr.
Frewen translated to the Archbishoprick of York. [Dr. Accepted
Frewen, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry.] Here I saw the
Bishops of Winchester, [Brian Duppa, translated from Salisbury.]
Bangor, [William Roberts.] Rochester, [John Warner, Ob. 1666,
aged 86.] Bath and Wells, [William Pierce, translated from
Peterborough, 1632.] and Salisbury, [Humphrey Henchman,
afterwards Bishop of London.] all in their habits, in King Henry
Seventh's chapel. But, Lord! at their going out, how people did
most of them look upon them as strange creatures, and few with
any kind of love or respect.

6th. Col. Slingsby and I at the office getting a catch ready for
the Prince de Ligne to carry his things away to-day, who is now
going home again. I was to give my Lord an account of the
stacions and victualls of the fleet, in order to the choosing of
a fleet fit for him to take to sea, to bring over the Queen.

7th (Lord's day). To White Hall on foot, calling at my father's
to change my long black cloake for a short one (long cloakes
being now quite out); but he being gone to church, I could not
get one. I heard Dr. Spurstow preach before the King a poor dry
sermon; [William Spurstow D.D. Vicar of Hackney and Master of
Katherine Hall, Cambridge, both which pieces of preferment he
lost for nonconformity, 1662.] but a very good anthem of Captn.
Cooke's afterwards. To my Lord's and dined with him; he all
dinner-time talking French to me, and telling me the story how
the Duke of York hath got my Lord Chancellor's daughter with
child, and that she do lay it to him, and that for certain he did
promise her marriage, and had signed it with his blood, but that
he by stealth had got the paper out of her cabinett. And that
the King would have him to marry her, but that he will not. So
that the thing is very bad for the Duke, and them all; but my
Lord do make light of it, as a thing that he believes is not a
new thing for the Duke to do abroad. After dinner to the Abbey,
where I heard them read the church-service, but very
ridiculously. A poor cold sermon of Dr. Lamb's, one of the
prebends, in his habitt, come afterwards, and so all ended.

9th. This morning Sir W. Batten with Coll. Birch to Deptford to
pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen and I staid to do business, and
afterward together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and
saw in his chamber his picture, very well done; and am with
child till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is
gone to sea.

10th. At night comes Mr. Moore and tells me how Sir Hards.
Waller (who only pleads guilty), [Sir Hardress Waller, Knt., one
of Charles 1st's Judges. His sentence was commuted to
imprisonment for life.] Scott, Coke, [Coke was Solicitor to the
people of England.] Peters, [Hugh Peters, the fanatical
preacher.] Harrison, &c. were this day arraigned at the bar of
the Sessions House, there being upon the bench the Lord Mayor,
General Monk, my Lord of Sandwich, &c.; such a bench of noblemen
as had not been ever seen In England! They all seem to be
dismayed, and will all be condemned without question. In Sir
Orlando Bridgman's charge, [Eldest son of John Bridgeman, Bishop
of Chester, became, after the Restoration, successively Chief
Baron of the Exchequer, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, and was created a Baronet.] he
did wholly rip up the unjustnesse of the war against the King
from the beginning, and so it much reflects upon all the Long
Parliament, though the King had pardoned them, yet they must
hereby confess that the King do look upon them as traytors.
To-morrow they are to plead what they have to say.

11th. To walk in St. James's Park, where we observed the several
engines at work to draw up water, with which sight I was very
much pleased. Above all the rest, I liked that which Mr.
Greatorex [A mathematical instrument maker.] brought, which do
carry up the water with a great deal of ease. Here, in the Park,
me met with Mr. Salisbury, who took Mr. Creed and me to the
Cockpitt to see "The Moore of Venice," which was well done. Burt
acted the Moore; [Burt ranked in the list of good actors after
the Restoration, though he resigned the part of Othello to Hart.
DAVIS'S DRAMATIC MISC.] by the same token, a very pretty lady
that sat by me, called out, to see Desdemona smothered.

13th I went out to Charing Cross, to see Major-general Harrison
hanged, drawn, and quartered; which was done there, he looking as
cheerful as any man could do in that condition. [Thomas
Harrison, son of a butcher at Newcastle-under-Line, appointed by
Cromwell to convey Charles I. from Windsor to White Hall, in
order to his trial, and afterwards sat as one of his judges.] He
was presently cut down, and his head and heart shown to the
people, at which there was great shouts of joy. It is said that
he said that he was sure to come shortly at the right hand of
Christ to judge them that now had judged him; and that his wife
do expect his coming again. Thus it was my chance to see the
King beheaded at White Hall, and to see the first blood shed in
revenge for the King at Charing Cross.

14th. To White Hall chappell, where one Dr. Crofts made an
indifferent sermon, and after it an anthem, ill sung, which made
the King laugh. Here I first did see the Princesse Royall since
she came into England. Here I also observed, how the Duke of
York and Mrs. Palmer did talk to one another very wantonly
through the hangings that parts the King's closet and the closet
where the ladies sit.

15th. This morning Mr. Carew was hanged and quartered at Charing
Cross; but his quarters, by a great favour, are not to be hanged
up. [John Carew, one of the regicides.]

16th. Being come home, Will. told me that my Lord had a mind to
speak with me to-night; so I returned by water, and, coming
there, it was only to enquire how the ships were provided with
victuals that are to go with him to fetch over the Queen, which I
gave him a good account of. He seemed to be in a melancholy
humour, which, I was told by W. Howe, was for that he had lately
lost a great deal of money at cards, which he fears he do too
much addict himself to now-a-days.

18th. This morning, it being expected that Colonel Hacker and
Axtell should die, I went to Newgate, but found they were
reprieved till to-morrow. [Col. Francis Hacker commanded the
guards at the King's execution. Axtell had guarded the High
Court of Justice.]

19th. This morning my dining-room was finished with greene serge
hanging and gilt leather, which is very handsome. This morning
Hacker and Axtell were hanged and quartered, as the rest are.
This night I sat up late to make up my accounts ready against to-
morrow for my Lord.

20th. I dined with my Lord and Lady; he was very merry, and did
talk very high how he would have a French cooke, and a master of
his horse, and his lady and child to wear black patches; which
methought was strange, but he is become a perfect courtier; and,
among other things, my Lady saying that she could get a good
merchant for her daughter Jem., he answered, that he would rather
see her with a pedlar's pack at her back, so she married a
gentleman, than she should marry a citizen. This afternoon,
going through London, and calling at Crowe's the upholsterer's in
Saint Bartholomew's, I saw limbs of some of our new traytors set
upon Aldersgate, which was a sad sight to see; and a bloody week
this and the last have been, there being ten hanged, drawn, and

21st. George Vines carried me up to the top of his turret, where
there is Cooke's head set up for a traytor, and Harrison's set up
on the other side of Westminster Hall. Here I could see them
plainly, as also a very fair prospect about London.

22nd. All preparing for my Lord's going to sea to fetch the
Queen to-morrow. At night my Lord come home, with whom I staid
long, and talked of many things. He told me there hath been a
meeting before the King and my Lord Chancellor, of some
Episcopalian and Presbyterian Divines; but what had passed he
could not tell me.

23rd. About eight o'clock my Lord went; and going through the
garden, Mr. William Montagu told him of an estate of land lately
come into the King's hands, that he had a mind my Lord should
beg. To which end my Lord writ a letter presently to my Lord
Chancellor to do it for him, which (after leave taken of my Lord
at White Hall bridge) I did carry to Warwick House to him; and
had a fair promise of him, that he would do it this day for my
Lord. In my way thither I met the Lord Chancellor and all the
Judges riding on horseback and going to Westminster Hall, it
being the first day of the terme.

24th. Mr. Moore tells me, among other things, that the Duke of
York is now sorry for his amour with my Lord Chancellor's
daughter, who is now brought to bed of a boy. To Mr. Lilly's,
[William Lilly, the astrologer and almanack-maker.] where, not
finding Mr. Spong, I went to Mr. Greatorex, where I met him, and
where I bought of him a drawing pen; and he did show me the
manner of the lamp-glasses, which carry the light a great way,
good to read in bed by, and I intend to have one of them. So to
Mr. Lilly's with Mr. Spong, where well received, there being a
club to-night among his friends. Among the rest Esquire Ashmole,
[Elias Ashmole, the antiquarian.] who I found was a very
ingenious gentleman. With him we two sang afterwards in Mr.
Lilly's study. That done, we all parted; and I home by coach,
taking Mr. Rooker with me, who did tell me a great many
fooleries, which may be done by nativities, and blaming Mr. Lilly
for writing to please his friends and to keep in with the times
(as he did formerly to his own dishonour,) and not according to
the rules of art, by which he could not well erre, as he had

26th. By Westminster to White Hall, where I saw the Duke de
Soissons go from his audience with a very great deal of state;
his own coach all red velvet covered with gold lace, and drawn by
six barbes, and attended by twenty pages very rich in clothes.
To Westminster Hall, and bought, among other books, one of the
Life of our Queen, which I read at home to my wife; but it was so
sillily writ, that we did nothing but laugh at it: among other
things it is dedicated to that paragon of virtue and beauty the
Duchess of Albemarle. Great talk as if the Duke of York do now
own the marriage between him and the Chancellor's daughter. To
Westminster Abbey, where with much difficulty, going round to the
cloysters, I got in; this day being a great day for the
consecrating of five Bishopps, which was done after sermon; but I
could not get into Henry the Seventh's chappel. After dinner to
White Hall chappel; my Lady and my Lady Jemimah and I up to the
King's closet, (who is now gone to meet the Queen). So meeting
with one Mr. Hill, that did know my lady, he did take us into the
King's closet, and there we did stay all service-time.

29th. I up early, it being my Lord Mayor's day (Sir Richd.
Browne,) and neglecting my office, I went to the Wardrobe, where
I met my Lady Sandwich, and all the children; and after drinking
of some strange and incomparable good clarett of Mr. Remball's,
he and Mr. Townsend [Officers of the Wardrobe.] did take us, and
set the young Lords at one Mr. Neville's, a draper in Paul's
church-yard; and my Lady and my Lady Pickering [Elizabeth
Montagu, sister to the Earl of Sandwich, who had married Sir
Gilbert Pickering, Bart. of Nova Scotia, and of Tichmersh, co.
Northampton.] and I to one Mr. Isaacson's, a linen-draper at the
Key in Cheapside; where there was a company of fine ladies, and
we were very civilly treated, and had a very good place to see
the pageants, which were many, and I believe good, for such kind
of things, but in themselves but poor and absurd.

30th. I went to the Cockpit all alone, and there saw a very fine
play called "The Tamer tamed:" very well acted. ["The Woman's
Prize, or Tamer Tamed," A comedy by John Fletcher.] I hear
nothing yet of my Lord, whether he be gone for the Queen from the
Downes or no; but I believe he is, and that he is now upon coming
back again.

NOVEMBER 1, 1660. This morning Sir W. Pen and I were mounted
early, and had very merry discourse all the way, he being very
good company. We come to Sir W. Batten's, where he lives like a
prince, and we were made very welcome. Among other things he
showed me my Lady's closet, wherein was great store of rarities;
as also a chair, which he calls King Harry's chaire, where he
that sits down is catched with two irons, that come round about
him, which makes good sport. Here dined with us two or three
more country gentlemen; among the rest Mr. Christmas, my old
school-fellow, with whom I had much talk. He did remember that I
was a great Roundhead when I was a boy, and I was much afraid
that he would have remembered the words that I said the day the
King was beheaded (that, were I to preach upon him, my text
should be--"The memory of the wicked shall rot"); But I found
afterwards that he did go away from school before that time.

2nd. To White Hall, where I saw the boats coming very thick to
Lambeth, and all the stairs to be full of people. I was told the
Queen was a-coming; so I got a sculler for sixpence to carry me
thither and back again, but I could not get to see the Queen; so
come back, and to my Lord's, where he was come: and I supt with
him, he being very merry, telling me stories of the country
mayors, how they entertained the King all the way as he come
along; and how the country gentlewomen did hold up their heads to
be kissed by the King, not taking his hand to kiss as they should
do. I took leave of my Lord and Lady, and so took coach at White
Hall and carried Mr. Childe as far as the Strand, and myself got
as far as Ludgate by all the bonfires, but with a great deal of
trouble; and there the coachman desired that I would release him,
for he durst not go further for the fires. In Paul's churchyard
I called at Kirton's, and there they had got a masse book for me,
which I bought and cost me twelve shillings; and, when I come
home, sat up late and read in it with great pleasure to my wife,
to hear that she was long ago acquainted with it. I observed
this night very few bonfires in the City, not above three in all
London, for the Queen's coming; whereby I guess that (as I
believed before) her coming do please but very few.

3rd. Saturday. In the afternoon to White Hall, where my Lord
and Lady were gone to kiss the Queen's hand.

4th (Lord's day). In the morn to our own church, where Mr. Mills
did begin to nibble at the Common Prayer, by saying "Glory be to
the Father, &c." after he had read the two psalms: but the
people had been so little used to it, that they could not tell
what to answer. [Daniel Milles, D.D., thirty-two years rector of
St. Olave's, Hart-Street, and buried there October 1689, aged
sixty-three. In 1667 Sir Robert Brooks presented him to the
rectory of Wanstead, which he also held till his death.] This
declaration of the King's do give the Presbyterians some
satisfaction, and a pretence to read the Common Prayer, which
they would not do before because of their former preaching
against it. After dinner to Westminster, where I went to my
Lord's, and, having spoken with him, I went to the Abbey, where
the first time that ever I heard the organs in a cathedral. My
wife seemed very pretty to-day, it being the first time I had
given her leave to weare a black patch.

5th. At the office at night, to make up an account of what the
debts of nineteen of the twenty-five ships that should have been
paid off, is increased since the adjournment of the Parliament,
they being to sit again to-morrow. This 5th day of November is
observed exceeding well in the City; and at night great bonfires
and fireworks.

6th. Mr. Chetwind told me that he did fear that this late
business of the Duke of York's would prove fatal to my Lord
Chancellor. To our office, where we met all, for the sale of two
ships by an inch of candle (the first time that ever I saw any of
this kind), where I observed how they do invite one another, and
at last how they all do cry, and we have much to do to tell who
did cry last. The ships were the Indian, sold for 1300l. and the
Half-moone, sold for 830l.

7th. Went by water to my Lord, where I dined with him, and he in
a very merry humour (present Mr. Borfett and Childe) at dinner:
he, in discourse of the great opinion of the virtue--gratitude,
(which he did account the greatest thing in the world to him, and
had, therefore, in his mind been often troubled in the late times
how to answer his gratitude to the King, who raised his father,)
did say it was that did bring him to his obedience to the King;
and did also bless himself with his good fortune, in comparison
to what it was when I was with him in the Sound, when he durst
not own his correspondence with the King; which is a thing that I
never did hear of to this day before; and I do from this raise an
opinion of him, to be one of the most secret men in the world,
which I was not so convinced of before. After dinner he bid all
go out of the room, and did tell me how the King had promised him
4000l. per annum for ever, and had already given him a bill under
his hand (which he showed me) for 4000l. that Mr. Fox is to pay
him. My Lord did advise with me how to get this received, and to
put out 3000l. into safe hands at use, and the other he will make
use for his present occasion. This he did advise with me about
with great secresy. After this he called for the fiddles and
books, and we two and W. Howe, and Mr. Childe, did sing and play
some psalmes of Will. Lawes's, and some songs; and so I went
away. [Brother to Henry Lawes the celebrated composer, and
himself a chamber musician to Charles I., in whose service he
took up arms, and was killed at the siege of Chester, 1645. The
King regretted his loss severely, and used to call him the father
of music.] Notwithstanding this was the first day of the King's
proclamation against hackney coaches coming into the streets to
stand to be hired, yet I got one to carry me home.

10th. The Comtroller [Sir R. Slingsby.] and I to the coffee-
house, where he showed me the state of his case; how the King did
owe him above 6000l. But I do not see great likelihood for them
to be paid, since they begin already in Parliament to dispute the
paying off the just sea-debts, which were already promised to be
paid, and will be the undoing of thousands if they be not paid.

15th. My Lord did this day show me the King's picture which was
done in Flanders, that the King did promise my Lord before he
ever saw him, and that we did expect to have had at sea before
the King come to us; but it come but to-day, and indeed it is the
most pleasant and the most like him that ever I saw picture in my
life. To Sir W. Batten's to dinner, he having a couple of
servants married to-day; and so there was a great number of
merchants, and others of good quality on purpose after dinner to
make an offering, which, when dinner was done, we did, and I did
give ten shillings and no more, though I believe most of the rest
did give more, and did believe that I did so too.

19th. I went with the Treasurer in his coach to White Hall, and
in our way, in discourse, do find him a very good-natured man;
and, talking of those men who now stand condemned for murdering
the King, he says that he believes, that, if the law would give
leave, the King is a man of so great compassion that he would
wholly acquit them.

20th. Mr. Shepley and I to the new play-house near Lincoln's-
Inn-Fields (which was formerly Gibbon's tennis-court), where the
play of "Beggar's Bush" [The "Beggar's Bush," a comedy by
Beaumont and Fletcher.] was newly begun; and so we went in and
saw it well acted: and here I saw the first time one Moone, who
is said to be the best actor in the world, lately come over with
the King, and indeed it is the finest play-house, I believe, that
ever was in England. [Mohun, or Moone, the celebrated actor who
had borne a Major's commission in the King's Army. The period of
his death is uncertain.] This morning I found my Lord in bed
late, he having been with the King, Queen, and Princesse, at the
Cockpit all night, where General Monk treated them; and after
supper a play, where the King did put a great affront upon
Singleton's musique, he bidding them stop and made the French
musique play, which, my Lord says, do much outdo all ours.

22nd. This morning come the carpenters, to make me a door at the
other side of my house, going into the entry. To Mr. Fox's,
where we found Mrs. Fox within and an alderman of London paying
1000l. or 1400l. in gold upon the table for the King. [Elizabeth
daughter of William Whittle, Esq., of Lancashire, wife of Stephen
Fox, Esq., who was knighted in 1665.] Mr. Fox come in presently
and did receive us with a great deal of respect; and then did
take my wife and I to the Queen's presence-chamber, where he got
my wife placed behind the Queen's chaire, and the two Princesses
come to dinner. The Queen a very little plain old woman, and
nothing more in her presence in any respect nor garbe than any
ordinary woman. The Princesse of Orange I had often seen before.
The Princesse Henrietta is very pretty, but much below my
expectation; and her dressing of herself with her haire frized
short up to her eares, did make her seem so much the less to me.
But my wife standing near her with two or three black patches on,
and well dressed, did seem to me much handsomer than she.

To White Hall at about nine at night, and there, with Laud the
page that went with me, we could not get out of Henry the
Eighth's gallery into the further part of the boarded gallery,
where my Lord was walking with my Lord Ormond; and we had a key
of Sir S. Morland's, but all would not do; till at last, by
knocking, Mr. Harrison the door-keeper did open us the door, and,
after some talk with my Lord about getting a catch to carry my
Lord St. Alban's goods to France, I parted and went home on foot.
[Henry Jermyn, created Lord Jermyn 1614, advanced to the Earldom
of St. Alban's 1660 K.G. Ob. 1683, s.p. He was supposed to be
married to the Queen Dowager.]

25th. I had a letter brought me from my Lord to get a ship ready
to carry the Queen's things over to France, she being to go
within five or six days.

27th. To Westminster Hall, and in King Street there being a
great stop of coaches, there was a falling out between a drayman
and my Lord Chesterfield's coachman, and one of his footmen
killed. Mr. Moore told me how the House had this day voted the
King to have all the Excise for ever. This day I do also hear
that the Queen's going to France is stopt, which do like me well,
because then the King will be in town the next month, which is my
month again at the Privy Seale.

30th. Sir G. Carteret did give us an account how Mr. Holland do
intend to prevail with the Parliament to try his project of
discharging the seamen all at present by ticket, and so promise
interest to all men that will lend money upon them at eight per
cent., for so long as they are unpaid; whereby he do think to
take away the growing debt, which do now lie upon the kingdom for
lack of present money to discharge the seamen.

DECEMBER 4, 1660. This day the Parliament voted that the bodies
of Oliver, Ireton, Bradshaw, &c., should be taken up out of their
graves in the Abbey, and drawn to the gallows, and there hanged
and buried under it: which (methinks) do trouble me that a man
of so great courage as he was, should have that dishonour, though
otherwise he might deserve it enough.

9th. I went to the Duke. And first calling upon Mr. Coventry at
his chamber, I went to the Duke's bed-side, who had sat up late
last night, and lay long this morning. This being done, I went
to chapel, and sat in Mr. Blagrave's pew, and there did sing my
part along with another before the King, and with much ease.

10th. It is expected that the Duke will marry the Lord
Chancellor's daughter at last; which is likely to be the ruine of
Mr. Davis and my Lord Barkley, who have carried themselves so
high against the Chancellor; Sir Chas. Barkley swearing that he

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