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The Chignecto Isthmus And Its First Settlers by Howard Trueman

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near the place where J. L. Black's store now stands. The new building
served its purpose for twenty-eight years. Then another was built at
Crane's Corner, on the same site as the present church.

The following extracts from the Sackville Circuit Book of 1801-1811 may
prove interesting:

"POINT DE BUTE, August 28th, 1802.
"(1) _Q_. Who is the general steward for the circuit? _A_. William
Trueman. Elected.
"(2) _Q_. Who is steward for Sackville? _A_. John Fawcett. Elected.
"(3) _Q_. Who is steward for Dorchester? _A_. John Weldon. Elected.
"(4) _Q_. Who is steward for Amherst and the Rivers? _A_. Thomas Roach.
"(5) _Q_. How shall Mr. Bennett's expenses to New York be paid? _A_.
Let it be approved by the next Conference.
"(6) _Q_. When and where shall the next quarterly meeting be held? _A_.
At W. Fawcett's, Sackville, January 9th, 1803."

"December 3rd, 1810.
"_Q_. Where shall a house be built for the circuit preacher? _A_. In
Sackville, on the lands given by C. Dixon, Esq., and John Harris.
"_Q_. How shall the expenses be borne? _A_. By a subscription begun
first in Sackville.
"_Q_. Of what material shall the said house be built? _A_. Of brick,
except the cellar wall, which shall be made of stone.
"_Q_. Who shall be appointed to provide stone and timber during the
winter previous to the next quarterly meeting? _A_. Charles Dixon and
Rich. Bowser to see it provided out of the subscription. The said
timber to be got for a house 34 by 24.
"_Q_. Shall the collections made in the Stone Chapel go to the
discharging of the debt due to Mr. Trueman for the care of the said
chapel? _A_. Yes, and also to the providing of wood for said chapel."

"SACKVILLE, March 9th, 1811.
"_Q_. Shall the minutes of Dec. Q. M., 1810, respecting preacher's
house be agreed to by this Q. M.? _A_. Yes, we are agreed that the
house shall be built upon the grounds given by Messrs. Dixon and
"_Q_. Who shall be the trustees of the said house? _A_. John Fawcett,
Jr., Chas. Dixon, Jr., Edwin Dixon, Esq., Rich. Bowser and Thomas
Roach, Esq.
"_Q_. Who shall we employ to build the house? _A_. Chas. Dixon, Jr.,
who has engaged to finish it in a workmanlike manner for L200,
according to plan, N. B., 35 ft. by 24, one story and half high and of


In 1763 a Baptist church at Swansea, Mass., left in a body and settled
in Sackville, bringing their pastor with them. They numbered thirteen
members. Almost all of them returned to Massachusetts in 1771. The
Baptists were the first Protestant denomination in Sackville, but had
no church building until about the year 1800. That year Joseph Crandall
organized the church, and they at once proceeded to erect a building in
which to worship. The site chosen was at the Four Corners. The church
which replaced this one in 1830 was called Beulah.

The first Baptist association for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia met in
Sackville in 1810. Sackville was represented by Elders Jos. Crandall
and Jonathan Cole, and by Messrs. Wm. Lawrence and Jos. Read. There
were twenty-two elders and messengers present, representing fourteen
churches. Amongst the representatives were Fathers Murray and Harding,
and Peter Crandall, Nathan Cleveland and Elijah Estabrooks. A letter
published in August, 1810, by Rev. David Merrill, in the AMERICAN
BAPTIST MAGAZINE, reports his visit to the Association, in Sackville,
as a member of the Lincoln Association, Maine. He is jubilant with hope
for the new work and exclaims in triumph, "Babylon appears to be in
full retreat." It is said that at a revival service in the Beulah
Church, in 1822, conducted by Fathers Crandall, Tupper and McCully,
twenty-five persons were immersed in Morris's millpond. During the
service a woman stood up to exhort, handing her infant of six months to
a bystander. The woman was Mrs. Tupper, and the infant the future Sir
Charles Tupper. This must have been Sir Charles's first appearance in
public life.

The Baptist Church in Amherst was organized about 1810, or perhaps a
year or two earlier, by the Rev. Jos. Crandall. To the Association in
Sackville they sent two messengers, Thos. S. Black and Wm. Freeman,
reporting a membership of fifteen. The Rev. Chas. Tupper was the first
pastor, ordained in 1817. He had charge of the church, with occasional
relief, until 1851.

The Baptists of Westmoreland did not erect a church building until
1825. The late Wm. Tingley, of Point de Bute, gave the site and also
the largest subscription. The following clause in the subscription
paper is worth transcribing, as showing the liberality in religious
matters which existed at that time. The Presbyterians of Jolicure
assisted in the building, and were given "the right to hold service in
proportion to the amount they subscribed, and when it is not in use by
either Baptists or Presbyterians, if wanted occasionally by other
denominations of Christians, it shall be open and free for such
service." Although the building was erected in 1825 there was no church
organized until 1850.

The first minister was Rev. Willard Parker, and the deacons Rufus
Fillimore and Henry Ward. The ministers who have been in charge from
that date down to the present time are:

William Parker. Trueman Bishop.
John Roe. Chas. A. Eaton.
David Lawson. T. D. Skinner.
W. A. Coleman. J. D. Wilson.
G. F. Miles. H. Lavers.
David McKeen. D. A. Steele.


The Presbyterians were organized and had a church building in Amherst
as early as 1788, but it was not until the Rev. Alexander Clark
arrived, in 1827, that they had a regular minister stationed with them.
Previous to this several ministers had been with them, but only a very
short time.

In the grant of the Cumberland township of 1763 land was given to the
Presbyterian Church on which to build a manse, but there is no existing
record to show that it was ever taken possession of by that body. The
first church in the township was erected in Jolicure about the year
1830. The land was given by Thos. Copp, and the Brownells and Copps of
that place were very active in the work of building. Rev. Alexander
Clark, of Amherst, was the minister in charge of the congregation. Dr.
Clark spent his life in preaching the Gospel to the same people and to
their children, with whom he began his mission when he first came to
the country in 1827 or 1828. His circuit extended from Maccan to
Pugwash, and from there along the Northumberland Straits to Shemogne,
including Amherst, Jolicure, and Sackville. He was a fine type of the
Scotch-Irish minister, who spoke what he believed was the truth,
whatever the consequence might be.


The first Episcopal Church in the Sackville Parish was built at
Westcock in 1817. The rectors have been as follows:

John Burnyeot, 1818-1820.
Christopher Milner, 1820-1836.
John Black, 1836-1847.
T. DeWolfe, 1847-1860.
G. G. Roberts, 1860-1873.
David Nickerson, 1873-1875.
J. D. H. Brown, 1875-1878.
R. J. Uniacke, 1878-1879.
C. P. Mulvaney, 1879-1880.
C. F. Wiggins, 1880-

St. Paul's Church, Sackville, was commenced in 1856, and consecrated in
1858. The late Joseph F. Allison was largely instrumental in building
this church. As the two churches, St. Paul's and St. Ann's, Westcock,
were in the same parish, they were under the charge of one rector.



WILLIAM TRUEMAN was born in Yorkshire, England, in the year 1720, and
emigrated to America with his family in the year 1775. They were
probably passengers in the ship JENNIE, Captain Foster, which came to
Halifax that spring with a number of emigrants from Yorkshire. The
family consisted of William Trueman, his wife Ann, and their son
William, an only child, a young man in his twenty-fourth year.

Billsdale* was the name of the township they left in the Old Country.
They were Methodists in religion, but had been members of the Episcopal
Church and brought with them the prayer-books and commentaries of that

[FOOTNOTE: *Billsdale, Westside Township, is a long moorland township
of widely scattered houses on the west side of the Rye, extending from
six to eight miles N. N. W. from Helmsley, and is mainly the property
of the Earl Haversham. Its area is 4,014 acres; its land rises on lofty
fells at Rydale Head. Hawnby parish includes the five townships of
Hawnby, Arden, Billsdale, Westside, Dale Town, and Snillsby, the area
of the parish being 24,312 acres. END OF FOOTNOTE]

In addition to his business as a farmer, William Trueman, senior, had
taken the legal steps necessary in England to enable him to work as a
joiner if he were so inclined. The son William had been engaged in the
dry goods business a year or two before coming to Nova Scotia.

After landing at Halifax they came by schooner to Fort Cumberland, and
very soon after settled about four miles from the fort at Point de
Bute, then called Prospect.

There does not seem to have been many of the name left in Yorkshire at
this time, and those who were in Billsdale and vicinity shortly moved
to other parts of the country. A nephew of the first William, named
Harmon, moved to another township, married, and had a family of ten
children. Mary, Harmon's youngest daughter, married a man named Brown,
and they called one of their sons Trueman Brown. Charles, a son of
Trueman, spent a year at Prospect in the eighties, and Harmon, a
brother of Charles, visited the home in 1882-83. I have not been able
to trace the family in Yorkshire in any but this one branch. There is a
photograph at Prospect of John Trueman, a son of the Harmon here
mentioned, which shows a strong likeness to some of the family in this

A family of Truemans living in Ontario came to Canada about the year
1850, but we have not been able to trace any relationship.

The first purchase of land by the Truemans in Nova Scotia was from
Joshua Mauger. This property was conveyed to William Trueman, sen. The
deed reads: "I, Joshua Mauger, Esq., of London, in Great Britain, Esq.
member of Parliament, of the town of Poole, in the county of
Dorsetshire, for and in consideration of the sum of ninety pounds
lawful money of the Province of Nova Scotia," etc., etc. This ninety
pounds was paid for eighty acres of upland and fifty-four acres of
marsh adjoining a wood lot on Bay Verte Road, and a right in the great
division of woodland, so-called. The deed was signed at Halifax by the
Hon. John Butler, as attorney for Joshua Mauger, on the 8th September,
1777, and the money paid the same day. Thomas Scurr and J. B. Dight
were the witnesses, it was proved at Fort Cumberland on the 31st of
Sept., 1777, by Thomas Scurr, and registered in New Brunswick by James
Odell, May 3rd, 1785.

The next purchase of real estate was made from Thomas Scurr, the place
now called Prospect Farm. Six hundred and fifty pounds lawful money of
the Province of New Brunswick was the amount paid. Between the first
and second purchase the Province had been divided, and that part of the
township of Cumberland in which the Truemans settled had gone to New
Brunswick. The number of acres in this last purchase was estimated at
eight hundred, including nearly five hundred acres of wilderness land.
The deed was witnessed by Thomas Chandler and Amos Botsford. Mrs. Scurr
did not sign the deed, and the following is the copy of a document
found very carefully laid away among the old papers at Prospect:

"June 25th, 1789.
"On this day personally appeared before me, Dennis Dooley, Justice of
the Peace of the said county of the commonwealth of Virginia, Elizabeth
Scurr, and voluntarily relinquished her right of a dower in a certain
tract or piece of land in the town of Westmoreland and Province of New
Brunswick, viz.: Three eighty-acre lots, Nos. sixteen, eighteen and
twenty, with the marsh and wilderness thereto belonging. All in
division letter B, and described fully in a deed from Thomas Scurr to
William Trueman and on record in Westmoreland, No. 142.
"Given under my hand and seal this day as above.
"The within Elizabeth Scurr doth hereby voluntarily subscribe her name
to the within contents.

Dennis Dooley, Justice of the Peace of the commonwealth of Virginia in
the year 1789, was a good penman.

James Law owned Prospect Farm before Thomas Scurr. The deed conveying
the property from Law to Scurr is still among the documents at
Prospect. As Law was early in the country after the expulsion, it is
probable he was the first to get possession after the removal of the

Thomas Scurr, sen., left the country soon after selling Prospect Farm.
The old chronicles say he was a man very much esteemed for his piety.
He represented Cumberland township, for one session at least, in the
Legislature at Halifax. In 1785, "in opposition to the advice of a
friend against going from a place where was wanted to a place where he
was not wanted," he removed to the South, and purchased an estate near
Norfolk, Virginia. He repented too late, for nearly all the members of
his large family fell victims to diseases peculiar to southern

There was another Thomas Scurr in the country at this time, probably a
son of Thomas Scurr, sen., who married Elizabeth Cornforth, of
Sackville, in August, 1787. Mrs. Scurr lived only a week after giving
birth to a son. The boy was called Benjamin, and was taken care of by
his aunt, Mrs. Jonathan Burnham. Thomas Scurr, after the death of his
wife, left Sackville with the intention of going to the West Indies,
and was never heard from after. It was supposed he was lost at sea. The
Scurrs in Sackville are descendants of the boy Benjamin.

William Trueman, sen., was above the average height, and rather stout,
with head, shoulders and face that indicated strong character. In
personal appearance his grandson Robert much resembled him. He was
fifty-five years of age when he came to Nova Scotia. His wife was eight
years his senior. She, too, was tall, with a countenance showing a
great deal of reserve power.

William, the son, was a small man, with round features and dark hair.
His son John was said to resemble him closely. He must have retained
his youthful appearance well into mature life, for after he had been in
this country some years he went to Fort Lawrence to poll his vote and
was challenged for age by the opposing candidate. His youthful
appearance had led to the belief that he had not arrived at the age to
entitle him to exercise the franchise. His left arm was partially
withered, or had not grown to its full size, from an injury received in
childhood through the carelessness of a nurse. The family brought with
them from England some furniture. There is still the old arm-chair at
Prospect, and the old clock keeps good time for the fifth generation.

There is no record of the impression the new country made upon the
family, but judging from a letter received by William Trueman, sen.,
the year after his arrival, and copied below, it must have been

"SNILLSWORTH, February 9th, 1776.
"These are with our love to you and to let you know that we are in a
tolerable state of health at present.
"We have many of us been poorly, but are much better. We received a
letter from you last November, which gave a great deal of satisfaction
of mind on your account, because we had been informed that you had
nowhere to settle in, but as you have given us a particular account
concerning your situation and how you were settled and that you liked
Nova Scotia and was all in good health of body it was much to our
satisfaction, and I hope you will let us hear more particularly from
you how your chattle and corn answers thee, and how and what product
your ground doth bring forth, and what sort of grains your ground
answers best for, and what chattle you keep, and what you can make of
your chattle and how much milk your cows give and what is the most
profitable things you have.
"Now, dear brother, let me know the truth and nothing but the truth
when you write.
"I desire that you would let me hear from you at any opportunity
whenever it suits your convenience for I think we shall never have the
opportunity to see each other's face any more here below, but I desire
to hear from thee and I hope thee will do the same by me as long as our
lives shall be on this side eternity.
"Farewell, I conclude with my love. Sarah Bently and John Bakers are in
good health and send love to you all."

The following extract from another letter received at Prospect about
the same time, will be interesting to some:

"SNILLSWORTH, Feb. 19th, 1776.
"These are salutations of love to you all, expecting they may find you
in good health as they leave us at present.
"We received your letter November last and was glad to hear from you,
but more especially that you were all in good health of body and that
you like 'Nove' (Nova Scotia) very well because we have had many slight
accounts that you were in a very poor situation, but heard nothing to
our satisfaction, and that you would have returned back to Old England
but had nothing to pay your passage with, which gave us both me and my
wife a great deal of distraction of mind. So we consulted with sister
Sarah Bently and more of our friends that we would raise money to pay
your passage to Old England, but dear brother and sister, as we have
had a few lines from your own hand that you like the country well, so
it has put and end to that consultation."

It would be difficult to answer at once some of the questions asked in
these letters. They had only arrived in America the previous summer,
and unless thy purchased cows on their arrival, they could not at this
date have had much experience in dairying, and it would be the same
with grain. There is a tradition that the stock, ten cows and a number
of other cattle, were purchased with the Scurr farm, but this farm was
not bought until some years after. The Truemans probably followed the
course taken by many of the first settlers at that time, which was to
lease a farm for a term of years, in that way gaining experience in the
country before finally purchasing land themselves. After the family had
been two years in the country, William Trueman, jun., married Elizabeth
Keillor, a daughter of Thomas Keillor, of Cumberland Point, or No. 1,
now called Fowler's Hill. The Keillors came from Skelton, Yorkshire, to
Nova Scotia in 1774, and settled on the farm at present occupied by a
great-great-grandson, Charles Fowler.

It was near the date of this marriage that the Eddy rebels were
terrorizing the settlers around Fort Cumberland, and shortly after the
event Mr. and Mrs. Trueman went to Mr. Keillor's to spend the Sabbath.
During the day the house was surrounded by the rebels, and the inmates
kept prisoners until the next day, when the rebels dispersed, and the
young couple made their way home as quickly as possible, to relieve the
anxiety at Prospect.

The Keillors and Truemans had been friends in England, and were related
in some degree. Elizabeth Keillor was but nineteen when she consented
to take charge of a home of her own, and, as subsequent years proved,
well did she discharge the duties that devolved upon her in that
relationship. Though below medium size, she had a nervous force and
will-power that enabled her to accomplish more than many of stronger
build. It is told of her that on a Sabbath, when the family were all at
church, she noticed something wrong with the cattle, and on going to
see what caused the trouble, she found a cow so badly injured by some
of the larger animals, that to make the carcass of any value it would
have to be slaughtered at once. Mrs. Trueman went to the house, got the
butcher-knife, and bled the cow to death.

Nervous force, like any other force in man or woman, has its limit, and
if used too fast it will not be there when wanted in old age. Mrs.
Trueman did not live to be very old, and her last years were full of
suffering. Overtaxed nature had given way, and the penalty had to be

The family never separated, but all moved into the house on the Scurr
farm, and began in earnest to face the battle of life in the New World.

Halifax was at that time the market for butter and beef, so after the
wants of the settlers and the commissariat at Fort Cumberland had been
supplied, such produce as could be sent by schooners to Halifax was
forwarded in that way, and the cattle, for beef, were driven overland--
a long and tedious journey.

Mills for sawing lumber or making flour were scarce. The stones are yet
to be seen in Sackville with which grain was ground by hand-power.

The Truemans soon began to experiment in mill building. Their first
venture was a mill driven by horse-power. A windmill followed, and was
located on the high ground at the corner where the Point de Bute road
turns at right angles, leading to Jolicure. This must have been an
ideal spot for such a structure. There is no record of how long this
mill stood, but it could not have been long.

There was a good stream on the farm for a water-mill, but it was not
utilized for this purpose for some years, probably for the want of
means. Their first work in this line was the building of a small mill
on the brook that formed the ravine at the south-west side of the farm.
A dam was thrown across the stream at the head of the ravine, and the
water carried in a flume some distance farther down the brook; the
great fall of water enabling them to use a large over-shot water-wheel.
It is only quite recently that the main shaft of the wheel has

A long dam was built across the stream that leads to what is now called
the Upper Mill, for the purpose of turning the water to the new mill,
and also forming a reserve pond. This dam can be plainly seen at the
present time, although covered with quite a growth of timber. The mill
in the ravine did not stand long either, and the next move was to dam
the water on the main brook, now called the Trueman Mill Stream, and
put up a large and substantial grist-mill, that proved a great
convenience to the whole country for many years.

Beside this large expenditure in mills, most of which was made in the
lifetime of the senior William, there was a large outlay made for
dyking and aboideau building. Piece by piece the marsh was being
reclaimed from the tide and made to yield its wealth of hay and pasture
for the support of flocks and herds.

I find a record showing there were seventeen cows on the farm in 1790,
and for the benefit of some of the members of the younger generation
who live on farms, here are their names: Cerloo, Red-heifer, Spotty,
Debro, Beauty, Madge, Lucy, Daisy, White-face, Mousie, Dun, Rose, Lady
Cherry, Black-eye, Spunk and Roan.

The following letter, received at Prospect in 1789, tells of a more
cheerful spirit in business in England, but shows that they had floods
and troubles of that kind then as now:

"HELM HOUSE BILSDALE, Augt. ye 15th, 1789.
"I received two letters from you in the course of the last year, and am
exceeding glad to hear from you and that you do well and are well, and
tho I have long delayed writing yet it is not want of respect, but it
was long before I could have any certain inteligence from Mr. Swinburn,
So I now take the oppertunity to let you know how I and my Sisters are
situate. I married Helling the daughter of Richard Barr, by whom I have
had 3 boys and 2 girls all liveing and healthfull. Aylsy is married to
John the son of James Boyes and lives at Woolhousecroft, has no
children. Sally is married to John Cossins and lives at Hawnby where
Robt. Barker lived. She has 3 children the two last were twins they
were born about Candlemas last and one of them is a very weakly child,
my mother is married to old Rich'd Barr my wife's father and lives at
Huntington nigh York. I think we most of us live pretty well. Mr. -----
has advanced his land a great deal but since the peace the times are
pretty good we have this summer a very plentiful crop and we have a
fine season for Reaping the same, but in the beginning of haytime we
had an excessive flood as almost ever was known so that much hay was
swept away and much more sanded. Many bridges were washed down and in
some places much chattle drowned. My cousin John Garbut is married to
James Boyes' widow and lives at Helm house. So I shall conclude with my
and my wife's duty to my unkle and aunt and our kind love to you and
your wife and children and subscribe ourselves your very affectionate

There was no break in the family by death until 1797. That year William
Trueman, sen., died, aged seventy-seven years, twenty-two of which he
had spent in America. The Mauger farm, his first purchase, was left to
Harmon, his eldest grandson. The family of his son William had grown by
this time to six sons and two daughters, and success financially, in
some measure at least, had been achieved.

With milling, dyking and general farming, there was work at Prospect to
keep all the members of the family busy, besides a large force of hired

It was decided this year (1797) to build a new house and barn, and the
site fixed upon was about one hundred yards south of the Scurr house,
where they had lived since the place came into their possession. The
barn was put up the next year, and measured eighty feet long by thirty-
three wide, with thirteen foot posts. A part of this barn is still used
for a stable. In 1799 the house was built, the main portion being made
of brick burned on the marsh near by. It fronted due south, and was
twenty-seven feet by thirty-seven feet, and two stories high, with a
stone kitchen on the west side. The cost of building was eight hundred
pounds. This was before the days of stoves, there being six fire-places
in the main house and large one in the kitchen.

In 1839 the stone kitchen was pulled down and one of wood built on the
north side. In 1879 an addition was made, and now (October 2nd, 1900),
it is as comfortable a dwelling as it has ever been. Five generations
have lived in it. Three generations have been born and grown to manhood
and womanhood within its four walls, and they have never known the
death of a child, nor, with but one exception, the death of a young

On the 29th January, 1800, Mrs. Trueman, sen., died in the eighty-
eighth year of her age. Although sixty-two years old when she came to
America, she lived to see the birth of nine grandchildren.

In 1801, Thompson, the youngest son, was born. The family now numbered
seven sons and three daughters. This year William Black, known in
Methodist history as Bishop Black, was one of the family at Prospect
from November 17th, 1801, to April 13th, 1802. One week of this time
was spent in Dorchester, for which a rebate was made in the board bill.
The bill was made out at the rate of five shillings per week.

In 1802, Mr. Trueman began to keep what he calls "a memorandum of
events." The records chiefly refer to home work, the weather and
neighborhood happenings. As a record of the weather, before
thermometers and barometers were in general use, it must be as perfect
as possible. As a record of farm work it is quite minute, and gives the
reader an almost exact knowledge of what was done on the farm each week
of the twenty years.

To those who live in the age of steam and electricity, when it is
possible to be informed at night of the doings of the day on the other
side of the planet, it is hard to realize how little interest was taken
a century ago in anything outside of the community in which one lived.
This accounts in part, no doubt, for the scant references in this
journal to public events. Only very rarely is an election mentioned,
even in the writer's own county. Only once is there reference to war,
although the war of 1812 and the battle of Waterloo took place during
the years of the record, and must have had a marked effect upon the
trade of the Provinces at that time.

Mr. Trueman made several trips to Halifax each year, and met, while
there, many of the leading Methodist men of the city. The Blacks and
the Bells were his friends. His house was the home of the ministers of
his church during all his life, and many of the public men who visited
Cumberland were his guests at different times.

The first entry in the journal is dated May 5th, 1802, and reads: "wind
N.W.; cold stormy day. Planted some apple trees; frost not out of the

"May 6th--Wind N.W.; ground covered with snow two inches thick;

"May 8th--Wind N.W.; cold, backward weather. Mr. Marsdon preached his
farewell sermon at the Stone Church."

"July 5th--This day was appointed by the Government as a day of
thanksgiving for the blessings of peace. Mr. Bennet preached at Amherst
Court House, from Psalm 12, 1st verse, to a crowded and very attentive

"July 12th--Started for Halifax with thirty oxen. Returned on the 22nd;
had a very good time."

(Ten days was the usual time taken on these trips. The drovers would
start some hours, or perhaps a day, in advance of Mr. Trueman. He would
go on horse-back, in knee breeches, and with the old fashioned saddle-

"Sept. 28th--Started to Halifax with twenty-four cattle.

"Oct. 2nd--Arrived at Halifax Sunday night. Wm." (his son) "taken sick
with measles. Monday, and Tuesday, very sick. Wednesday, some better.
Thursday, walked the streets. Friday, started for home.

"Oct. 13th--High winds; very high tides; marshes much flooded.

"Sept. 14th, 1803--Stephen Millage died of shock of palsy. Mr.
Oliphant, Methodist minister, arrived this month at our house.

"Nov. 12th, 1803--Election at Dorchester. Mr. Knapp goes in without

These extracts from the journal will show the character of the record.

In March, 1804, there was a three days' snowstorm--"fell nigh two
feet." An attempt was made this year to aboideau the Aulac River, where
it runs through the farm now owned by R. T. McLeod.

The Aulac at that time was one of the largest of the rivers emptying
into the Cumberland Basin. It was a great undertaking to dam its waters
with an aboideau, and to make matters worse, the place chosen proved to
have a quicksand bottom, which made it almost impossible to build a
firm foundation. For nearly four years they worked at this aboideau,
and finally had to abandon it. Dated Dec. 27th, 1808, there is this
entry in the journal: "Working at the aboideau. Storming in the
morning. Snow six inches deep.

"Dec. 28th--Working at byto; very fine day. The hole nigh filled up."

On March 20th, he writes: "Concluded to give up the Byto." There is a
reckless disregard of rules in spelling the word "aboideau," but
doubtless the pronunciation was as varied then as now. Being obliged to
let this work go must have been a great disappointment and a great loss
as well. It was not till 1829, more than twenty years after, that the
aboideau, now known as the "Trueman Byto," was built.

A night's experience during the building of the first aboideau was long
remembered by the family at Prospect. The following is the only
reference made to it in the journal: "June 7th, 1804--The sluice went
adrift; was up to Nappan." On the 9th: "Got back as far as Cumberland;
wind favorable in coming back."

The sluice referred to is a large wooden box or waterway, which is
placed near the centre of the aboideau and as near as possible in the
bed of the river. The great height of the tides, and the rapid current
that runs up and down the stream twice in twenty-four hours, make it a
most difficult operation to get one of these sluices bedded. The sluice
would be about fifty feet long, fifteen feet wide, and five or six feet

The men were hard at work after the sluice had been got into its place,
trying to make it secure with the weight of mud, but the tide coming
too quick for them lifted it out of its bed. Four of the Trueman boys
sprang on the sluice as it floated down the river, in the hope of
saving it in some way. It proved, however, to be a most unmanageable
craft, and they could do little to stay their course down the river,
and in spite of every effort were carried out into the Basin. Night
came on and their only chance of safety was, if possible, to stick to
the plank box in the hope that the currents might carry them to some
point where they could get safely to shore. Next day their unwieldy
craft grounded near Nappan, and they at once landed and were hospitably
entertained at a farm-house near by. After getting supplies and sending
word to Prospect of their safety, they again boarded their strange
vessel and succeeded that day in getting back to the mouth of the
river, and finally back to their starting point.

Mrs. Trueman never wholly recovered from the nervous shock of that
night. There was little hope in the minds of any that the men would
ever get safely to land.

Thirty years had passed since the family had left England. The letter
given below shows how warm an interest the friends there still had in

"DEAR COUSIN,--We received yours dated Jan. 15, but not till late in
September, 1804, and we are glad to hear that you and your family are
all in good health and enjoying prosperity in your affairs of life. We
had heard by your last letter of the death of your mother. My kind
husband died something more than six years since. Your Aunt Sarah
Bently died some time before my husband. Your Aunt Mary Flintoft is yet
alive and enjoys as good health as can be expected, her age considered.
Your Aunt Ann Trueman is yet alive and well as can be expected. Your
Cousin Harmon married and is doing very well. He lives at Kelshaw, in
the west of Yorkshire, and has a large family and keeps a public house.
Alice is married and lives at Woodhouse Croft and has only one son. Ann
and Sarah both live at Hornby and enjoy good health. I and my eight
children live yet at the old habitation, namely at Helmhouse, and enjoy
a sufficiency of the necessaries of life. Jane Chapman and Ann are both
alive and enjoy as good health as most people at almost 80 years of
age, and desire their kind love to you and your wife. James Hewgill and
wife do the same. They never had any children. The last summer's crop
of corn was poorly laden, so that wheat is now from ten to fifteen
shillings per bushel, and is like to be more, as war being carried on
makes taxes very high; but still, thanks to a kind Providence,
industrious people may yet live above want. And soon shall all worldly
calamities be over, and then if we are prepared for death we shall know
woes and calamities no more. Pray write again when opportunity serves.
"I remain your very loving cousin,
"Helmhouse, Billsdale.
"March 7th, 1805."

The first marriage in the family at Prospect was in July, 1805. The
entry in the journal is: "Thomas and Mary were married by Rev. Mr.
Perkins." Mr. Perkins was a minister of the Episcopal Church.

In 1806 I find this entry: "Mr. Bamford preached in the Stone Church,
and Mr. Perkins administered the sacrament." This must have been before
the Methodist minister was allowed to administer the sacrament.

Mr. Trueman was evidently mistaken in the name of Thomas's wife. He
calls her Mary. Her name was Policene Gore; but as she was always
called Polly, the mistake no doubt occurred in that way.

From a letter received from Rev. Wm. Black at this time, the following
extract is taken:

"I give you joy on the marriage of your son Thomas, and as I hear John
is on the point of being married, too, I also wish you the same
blessing on him. It would afford me much joy to hear that all your
children were made acquainted with the saving benefits of religion. For
parents to see their children well settled in this world and seeking
the world to come must, I apprehend, be an unspeakable satisfaction.
Oh, let us pray more and advise them to turn to the Lord with all their
"Please to remember me kindly to all the family. I do feel a sincere
regard for you all and wish to meet you in the Land of God.
"From your unworthy friend,

Policene Gore's mother had a more than ordinarily eventful life. Her
grandson Edward writes:

"My grandmother was born in the United States, then the New England
colonies. Her first husband was Captain Ward; their home was near the
garrison on Grattan Heights. Captain Ward arrived home from sea with
his vessel the day before Arnold made his attack on the garrison, and,
joining in the defence, was fatally shot. Mrs. Ward's next husband was
my grandfather Gore, who was also a sea-captain. Some years after they
were married Captain Gore took his wife to Fort Lawrence, Nova Scotia,
where they had friends, and her husband returned with his vessel to
make another voyage, but was never heard from after. It was supposed
the vessel was lost with all on board."

After living some years in widowhood, Mrs. Gore married a Mr. Foster, a
school-teacher. They lived for a time in a house on the school lands in
Jolicure. The schoolmaster did not live long to enjoy his married life.
His successor was a Mr. Trites, of Salisbury. He only lived a few
months after marriage. Mrs. Trites' fifth and last husband was a Mr.
Siddall, of Westmoreland Point. After his death Mrs. Siddall lived with
her daughter, Mrs. Trueman, where, in the words of her grandson, "she
lived eighteen years, a happy old woman and a blessing in the family."
She was in her eighty-fourth year at the time of her death.

Mrs. Siddall's house was the only one in the village not burned during
the battle of Grattan's Heights. It is still kept in repair, and called
the Gore House. Harmon, a grandson, visited the Heights a few years
ago, and was present at the one-hundredth anniversary of the battle.
Recently a letter came into the possession of Edward Trueman, written
by his great-grandmother to his grandmother. Among other things, she
writes: "I hear that you are married again, and that Policene is also
married. I have not heard either of yours husbands' names; do write,
and let me know them."

Policene Gore was born in 1788, and Thomas Trueman in 1786, which would
make them seventeen and nineteen years old when the marriage knot was
tied--a young couple to start out in life.

John married Nancy Palmer, September 12th, 1805, William married Jane
Ripley, January 22nd, 1806, and Harmon, the first-born, married Cynthia
Bent, June 8th, 1807. The four eldest sons were married within the year
and a half, and on April 14th, 1808, Sallie, the eldest daughter,
entered the matrimonial haven. This was thinning out the old home
pretty fast. The sons, however, all settled near Prospect, and were
several years getting finally located in their own homes. Harmon took
the Mauger farm left him by his grandfather; Thomas, the Patten farm,
joining the glebe. John settled at Mount Whatley; Willie took the mill
property and farm now in possession of his grandsons, Amos and Johnston

The drain on the home place to start for themselves so many of the
family, and in so short a time, must have been considerable. Harmon had
a house, and barn to build. Several entries in the journal refer to his
getting out timber. On July 16th, 1806, Harmon raised his house. This
house, yet one of the most comfortable in the place, is at present the
property of A. C. Carter. Mrs. Carter is a granddaughter of Harmon.

April 22nd, 1806, I find this entry: "Robert Dickey and Nellie Chapman
married. Started to frame the new mill."

"May 3rd--Saw mill and barn raised."

No mention is made of building a house for Willie, so probably there
was one on the place. John and his wife lived for a time in the Scurr
house, and for a time with Willie, before finally settling at Mount
Whatley. Sallie married Gilbert Lawrence, of Westmoreland. It is said
Sallie had an admirer who lived in Halifax, and occasionally visited
Cumberland, and who in later years became a prominent official in the
executive of that city.

In the early days and admirer a hundred miles distant was at a great
disadvantage, and the "Fooler lad," as Sallie's mother called young
Lawrence, won the prize.

Amos Fowler, of Westmoreland, or Fowler's Hill, married Miss Keillor, a
sister of Mrs. Trueman. He was a Loyalist, and after living in this
country some years, he visited the old home in New England, and on his
return to New Brunswick brought with him his nephew, Gilbert Lawrence.
After his marriage Gilbert settled at Amherst Point, and from there
moved to Maccan, now called Southampton, where he was a very successful
farmer for many years. He left the Maccan farm to a son a few years
before his death, and bought a farm in Nappan. Here he spent the last
years of his life, honored and respected for his sterling character.



Some extracts from the journal as a beginning to this chapter will, I
hope, be interesting to some of the descendants:

"Aug. 2nd, 1802--Richard Lowerison's barn burned.
"Aug. 7th--Mr. Milledge preached at church. Got upland hay all up.
Have 60 tons good hay in barn and in stock.
"Aug. 28th--Quarterly meeting at our house.
"Sept. 10th--Mr. Albro dined at our house." (Mr. Albro was a Halifax
man who traded in cattle.)
"Dec. 28--John McCormick, apparently in good health, died instantly at
"May 10th--Mr. Marsden started to-day for the Conference.
"June 26th--Mr. Bent arrived at our house to-day and went over to
"June 27th--Mr. Bent preached his first sermon in Tantramar.
"May 3rd, 1803--William Bennet started for Conference.
"Dec.--Mrs. McMonagle's house was drawn from the plain to
Mount Whatley.
"Jan. 9th, 1806--W. Wood Fillmore was married to Nancy Patterson, of
Cole's Island.
"April 5th, 1806--Tolar Thompson brought a large birch log across the
marsh on the ice, and also a load of grain to the mill and returned the
next day.
"June 16th--Harmon had the old shop drawn to his house, had 17 yoke of
"William Allen was buried at the churchyard at Camp Hill, attended by a
large concourse of people. Mr. Mitchell preached the sermon.
"Nov. 29th--Mr. Roach lost his vessel; the Capt. and two men were
drowned; 515 firkins of butter saved.
"Jan. 12th, 1806--This day Wm. McKenzie was found dead, sitting in his
chair, supposed to be frozen to death.
"June 3rd, 1808--Wm. Black came to our house and Mrs. Black and son,
Martin Gay. Mr. Black preached at Stone Chapel.

In February of same year, "Mr. Foster came to mill in a cart and John
Patterson from Cole's Island with a sled."
"Jan. 19th, 1808--Mr. Bamford moved to our house.
"Jan. 25th--A meeting to confer about the Byto*; nothing was done."
"Jan. 3rd, 1809--Martin Black married to Fanny Smith."

[FOOTNOTE: *This, I suppose, was the aboideau that had to be abandoned,
to which reference has been made. END OF FOOTNOTE]

On the 8th of that month "William Black preached at Sackville, and on
the 11th at Mr. Roach's in Lawrence; on the 16th William Black started
for Halifax."
"Feb. 23rd, 1809--Went to the Supreme Court.
"Feb. 29th, 1810--Mrs. Roach, of Fort Lawrence, died to-day after a
short sickness. Rev. Mr. Knowlton preached the funeral sermon from
Psalms; a very solemn time; about five hundred people present.
"In June, 1811, Robert Bryce purchased a lot of cattle and some butter
in Cumberland.
"June 28th--Went to Bay Verte with a drove of cattle and some sheep,
put 32 cattle and 116 sheep on board vessel for Newfoundland.
"July 8th--Started ten oxen for Halifax. John Trueman raising his house
and barn, July 6th, 1811.
"July 24th--Pulled the old mill down. A son of John Harper's was badly
hurt at the mill brook."

I notice in the journal that "muster day" was in Sackville this year.
It seems to have been a very prosperous year for the farmers of
Cumberland. Shipments of cattle and sheep were made to Newfoundland and
the usual supply sent to Halifax. The price paid must have been
satisfactory; it would, at any rate, be so considered by our farmers

The following letter sent to Messrs. Reed and Albro, dated Sept. 6th,
1811, gives one an idea of the condition of the cattle trade at that

"WESTMORELAND, Sept. 6th, 1811.
"Sir,--Recd. Your letter by Thomas Roach, Esq., respecting cattle; have
been looking around for some cattle, cannot buy for less than 6d.
(10c.). Mr. -----, of Westmoreland, has some good cattle unsold at
present. If you wish me to purchase you some cattle you may depend on
my doing the best in my power for you. Wishing your answer as soon as
possible, as the good cattle may be picked up. I wish you would send me
the weights of the different lots of Beeves. I cannot settle with the
people I purchased from for want of the weights. Have given two drafts
on you, one on Saml. Holsted for L200, payable on the 20th July, and
one on A. Fowler for L100, payable on the 28th July.
"You will oblige me much by calling on Wm. Allan and take up a mortgage
deed belonging to Thomas King, of Westmoreland.
"There is, he thinks, about L50 or a little more due on it. Send it to
me and I shall get the money paid me on sight, as I want a letter. And
in so doing you will much
"Oblige your well wisher,
"P.S.--Thomas Roach, Esq., will furnish you with ten cattle at 6d,
delivered in Halifax. If you accept his offer, send a boy to Windsor to
meet the cattle. Please to write the first opportunity and inform me
what I shall do. Do you want a few firkins of butter this fall? I have
given Harmon Trueman an order on you bearing date of 7th Sept.
"I am your humble servant,

The following letter, a copy of which is among the papers at Prospect,
also adds some information about trade at that time:

"WESTMORELAND, March 7th, 1812.
"Dear Sir,--I hope these lines will find you and Mrs. Albro and family
enjoying health and every other blessing. I take this opportunity to
inform you that I expect to have 12 or 14 oxen to dispose of this
summer. I wish you to have the preference. If you wish to have them
shall be glad to have a line from you by Mr. Gore, as also what you
think the price will be.
"I want no more than the market price.
"Remain your humble servant,
"N.B.--John Keillor, Esq., hath four good oxen he wishes you to have
with mine. They are four fine oxen. They are likely to be good by July

In addition to the buyers from Halifax, Newfoundland was this year
sending to Westmoreland for a part of its beef supply. The letter below
refers to the trade with that colony:

"WESTMORELAND, 30 Oct., 1811.
"I sent you a few lines Sept. 4th. Thinking it a chance whether you
received it or no, I take the liberty to send you a second. I think it
will be a great advantage to you to have some hay purchased and drawn
to the place in winter.
"If you wish to have any purchased I will do it for you, only let me
know the quantity you wish to have. Cattle have been as low as 4 pence
or 5 pence in the spring. It is uncertain what the price may be, but I
see no prospect of them being very high, as there is great plenty of
cattle in the country. Should you want any in the spring you can rely
on my doing the best in my power to serve you.
"Remain your most humble servant,

Mr. Bryne had been in Westmoreland that summer and purchased a drove of
cattle and sheep, which were shipped on June 28th, as noted previously.

On April 25th, 1811, Mrs. Keillor, Mrs. Trueman's mother, who had been
living at Prospect since 1806, died. Her husband, Thomas Keillor, a
stonemason by trade, died some years earlier. There is at Prospect a
copy of a power of attorney given by Mrs. Keillor to her "trusty
friend," Stephen Emmerson, to act for her in collecting rents and
selling claims in Skelton, England, in connection with the property
owned by her late husband.

This document was copied by Amos Botsford and witnessed by Wm. Botsford
and Henry Chapman, jun., and dated Oct. 30th, 1810.

Mrs. Keillor was buried on the old farm at Fowler's Hill beside her
husband in a small burying-ground that was formerly surrounded by a
stone wall, part of which is still standing.

Mrs. Keillor's maiden name was Mary Thomson. She and two other married
sisters--Jane, the wife of John Carter, and Ann, the wife of William
Trueman--came with the Yorkshire emigration. These sisters left one
brother at least in England, as the letter following, in reply to one
received from George Thomson, will show:

"PROSPECT, March 29th, 1811.
"DEAR UNCLE AND AUNT,--Received your welcome letter of March 29th, and
was glad to hear from you and of your wellfare, and hoping these lines
will find you and yours enjoying the same blessings of health and
"I have to tell you of the death of my mother-in-law. She departed this
life April 22nd. Your sister Jane is very well at present.
"The rest of your family are all well. If you see fit to come out in
the spring your friends will be glad to see you. It will be best for
you to get a lumber vessel if you can. There hath been two vessels from
Hull and one from Newcastle this summer. Respecting goods and
merchandise, lay in well for common clothing. Bring some home-made
linens and checks. Ox-chains and horse-traces and bridles. Everything
in wood will be expensive.
"You ask what bills I propose. Good bills on Halifax answer, but
nothing will answer like cash here, as it may be some trouble to get
them cashed. Mechanics of all kinds are wanted. Carpenters, 7 shillings
6 pence per day. We pay 4s. and 4s. 6d. for making a pair of shoes. A
good tailor is much wanted. We pay 6s. for shoeing a horse. Bring a few
scythes of the best quality. Baie Verte is the best place to land at;
if you cannot make that out, St. John or Halifax. There may be some
difficulty in getting a passage from Halifax by water. Shall look out
for a place for you with a house on it.
"May the Lord direct you and prosper your undertaking. Give my best
respects to George Swinburne and wife. Let him know my wife and my ten
children and myself are well.
"I have nothing more at present to write. May the Lord direct you in
all your ways, so prays your affectionate nephew and niece,

Mr. George Thompson did not emigrate to Nova Scotia as he expected when
he wrote to his uncle and aunt. The following letter, written by his
son five years later, explains why:

"DURHAM, Sept., 1816.
"DEAR COUSINS,--You probably would think it very strange our not
writing to you for so long a time, but I can assure you it was not for
want of affection or respect, but merely inadvertence; and no doubt you
would think it strange, after my father wrote to inform you he intended
setting out for America, that he never went, but the principal reason
was that on second consideration he thought himself too far advanced in
years to undertake so long a voyage, and the rest of the family except
myself were not very willing. Consequently he immediately after that
took a large farm, which I had principally to manage, otherwise I would
have gone at that time. However, it is my wish to set out next spring,
and have not written to inform you it, in order that I may have your
answer before that, stating all particulars of the country, and if
there be a good prospect for me. There is also an acquaintance of mine,
a threshing machine maker and cartwright, has a desire to accompany me;
therefore be so good as to say what prospect there is for such a man as
he is.
"All my brothers and sisters are married and settled, and my father and
mother are very well and now live by themselves, retired from farming.
"Hoping you and all friends are well, I shall conclude with kindest
love to all,
"And remain, dear cousin,
"Yours affectionately,
"P.S.--Have the goodness to write the first opportunity, and direct to
me at
"Harbour House,

It is quite possible the above letter did not receive a reply. A good
deal of trouble had been taken to send full information to the father,
and five years were allowed to pass before any acknowledgement was
made. At all events, there is no record of a letter being sent to the
son, and it is certain he did not come to this country.

The subjoined communication helps to show the depressed condition in
England at that period, and that many were looking to America in the
hope of bettering their condition:

"May 14th, 1819.
"DEAR COUSIN,--I hope these lines will find you all well, as they us at
present. We thank God for it.
"I intend to come over to America this spring If it should please God,
For the state of England are very bad, Land has got so very dear that a
livelihood cannot be got in England, and the taxes that Government lays
on are very heavy, till they reduce so many to a lower class that the
land will hardly support the poor. I hope you are in a better situation
in America.
"We understand in England that the States of America are very
flourishing at present. I intend to set off to America the first of
June. If it should please God that I should get over safe, I hope to
get to your house as soon as I can. All your cousins are in good health
at present. Thank God for it, and they wish to be remembered to you and
all your family.
"So I remain your most obedient cousin,
"of Bilsdale.
"N.B.--By the wishes of one of your cousins, of the name of Harman
Wedgwood, a son of Benjamin Wedgwood, a tailor, he would like to hear
from you. He thinks you will give him some information of your country.
"He wants to come to live in your country, and if you please to give
him some intelligence of tailors' wages in your country.
"So he remains your most obedient cousin.
"N.B.--If you please to write to him you must direct as follows:
"'Near Helmsley, Blackmoor,
"'Yorkshire, England.'"

There was no change in the family at Prospect after Sallie's marriage
in 1808 until 1817. On Jan. 17th of the latter year Robert married
Eunice Bent, of Fort Lawrence, a sister of Harmon's wife, and in
October Amos married Susanna Ripley, a sister of Willie's wife.

Robert settled on a farm adjoining the homestead. His house was not
built until the summer following his marriage. James, his eldest child,
was born 30th October, 1817, in the Brick House at Prospect Farm. Amos
settled at the head of Amherst (now called Truemanville). The following
letter, written by his youngest daughter, Mrs. Sarah Patterson, is very
interesting, as giving some idea of the experiences of that time:

"When my father first came to live in the place now called Truemanville
it was a dense forest. In summer the only road was a bridle path. In
winter, when the snow was on the ground, they could drive a pair of
oxen and a sled along the road.
"The winter my father was married, as soon as there was enough snow and
frost, he and one of his brothers and another man set out to build a
"They loaded a sled with boards, doors and windows, and provided
themselves with bedding and provisions to last till the house was
finished. They then hitched the oxen to the sled and started on their
twenty-mile journey and most of the way on a trackless path.
"When they arrived at their journey's end, they erected a rude hut to
live in and commenced building a house. They did not have to go far for
timber--it was standing all around the site chosen for the house.
"They built a very nice log house, 15 ft. by 18 ft. Their greatest
trouble in building was, the stones were so frosty they could not split
them. They had to kindle a huge fire of brushwood and warm the stones
through, when they split finely.
"After they had built the house they returned home, having been absent
about three weeks.
"My father and mother then moved to their new home, and father began to
build a saw mill and grist mill.
"Their nearest neighbors were one and a half miles distant, unless we
count the bears and foxes, and they were far too sociable for anything
like comfort. Sheep and cattle had to be folded every night for some
"After father had built his grist mill he used to keep quite a number
of hogs. In the fall of the year, when the beechnuts began to drop, the
men used to drive them into the woods, where they would live and grow
fat on the nuts. One evening when my mother was returning from a visit
to one of the neighbors she heard a terrible squealing in the woods.
She at once suspected that bruin designed to dine off one of the hogs.
She hastened home to summon the men to the rescue, but darkness coming
on they had to give up the chase. However, bruin did not get any pork
that night; the music was too much for him, and piggie escaped with
some bad scratches.
"A short time after this, ominous squeaks were heard from the woods.
The men armed themselves with pitchforks and ran to the rescue. What
should they meet but one of my uncles coming with an ox-cart. The
wooden axles had got very dry on the long, rough road, and as they
neared my father's the sound as the wheels turned resembled very
closely that made by a hog under the paws of bruin.
"Imagine the way of travelling in those days! I have heard my father
say there were only two carriages between Point de Bute and
Truemanville. Their principal mode of travel was on horseback. My
father and mother visited Grandfather Trueman's with their three
children. Mother took the youngest on one horse, and father took the
two older ones on another horse; and yet we often hear people talk of
the 'good old times.'
"My father was a man of generous disposition. The poor and needy always
found him ready to sympathize and help them. He often supplied grain to
them when there was no prospect of payment. He would say, 'A farmer can
do without many things, but not without seed grain.' That reminds me of
an incident I will tell you, of our Grandfather Trueman. About thirty-
five years ago my mother was visiting at Stephen Oxley's, at Tidnish,
where she met an old lady whose name I forget; but no matter. When she
heard my mother's name she began talking about Grandfather Trueman. She
said she would never forget his kindness to her in her younger days
when she and her husband first came from the Old Country and began life
among strangers in very straightened circumstances. After passing
through a hard winter in which food had been very scarce they found
themselves in the spring without any seed wheat or the means of buying
"Her husband was almost in despair. She tried to cheer him up by
telling him that if she went to Mr. Trueman she thought he would help
them. So her husband agreed to let her try her chance, and she mounted
a horse and set out for Prospect Farm. Just as she arrived there
another woman came in and asked Mr. Trueman to sell her some wheat,
telling him she had money to pay for it. Grandfather said he had very
little wheat to sell but he could let her have a bushel or two. The old
lady said her heart almost sank within her; she thought her case was
hopeless. However, she told him she, too, had come for seed wheat, but
she had no money nor the means of getting any at present, and they were
entirely without seed. Grandfather turned to the other woman and said,
'You have money' go to Mr.----- (a neighbor), you can get as much as
you want, and I will give this woman the grain.' Oh, how glad she
felt! Words were too poor to express her thanks, and she went home
rejoicing. In after years, when Providence had favored her with a
goodly share of this world's goods, she could not tell this experience
without the tears running down her cheeks. How true it is, 'The memory
of the just is blessed.'"

The following letter received from a son of Rev. William Black, is of
some interest:

"27th Sept. 1819.
"DEAR SIR,--Your favor of the 20th inst. is at hand, and in reply to
it, as relates to the probable price of Butter, I would state it as my
opinion that it is likely to command about 14d. A considerable quantity
of Irish Butter has already arrived and more is expected. A number of
firkins have this day been sold at public auction at 1s. per lb.,--the
quality is said to be very fair. Please say to Mrs. Wells that I have
received her letter of the 24th inst., and shall do as she requests.
Mrs. Black and family are well, and join me in best regards to Mrs.
Trueman, Yourself and Family.
"Yrs. Truly,
"M. G. BLACK."

After Amos and Robert left Prospect for homes of their own, the family
remained unchanged until 1820. That year, Mary, the second daughter,
married William Humphrey, of Sackville. William Humphrey was a
carpenter by trade but shortly after his marriage bought a farm in
Upper Maccan and went quite extensively into farming and milling.

The Humphreys were from Yorkshire, and after coming to America, settled
first at Falmouth, Nova Scotia. After the death of Wm. Humphrey, sen.,
Mrs. Humphrey, following the advice of her friend, Charles Dixon, moved
to Sackville with her family of five children, three sons and two
daughters. James Dixon says of Mrs. Humphrey, in his history of the
Dixons: "She was evidently a capable woman," and judging from the
position her descendants have taken in the new country he was probably
right in his estimate.

As I remember the second William Humphrey, he was a man of more than
ordinary intelligence, one who looked closely at both sides of a
question, and with whom every new undertaking was well thought out
beforehand. He had no place for the man who wanted to make a show. He
was, for the times, a large employer of labor, and his men did not
readily leave his employ. He was possessed of strong religious
convictions, but was by no means demonstrative in such matters. His
children were given good educational opportunities. Two of his sons
studied and graduated at colleges in the United States, and two others
were students at the old Academy, at Sackville.

The following letter, written by William, one of the sons who was
educated in the United States, to his cousin Ruth, will show how
graduates of that day looked upon life:

"NEW HAVEN, June 27th, 1853.
"Your very welcome letter came to hand in due time, for which I am
exceedingly obliged, especially as many of my correspondents have been
dilatory and others have given me up altogether. But they probably have
as much reason to complain of me as I have of them. The truth is my
studies so occupy my attention that I am too much inclined to forget my
friends. The acquisition of a profession presents such an immensity of
labor that it would seem to require a lifetime to become proficient,
especially when the small amount of energy that I can command is
brought to bear upon it. However, I am not disposed to find fault with
the labor so long as there is so much that is intensely interesting and
I can make respectable progress towards the grand crisis of a student's
"New Haven is equally as attractive as it was during my college life
and I feel more at home here than in any other place in the United
States during the present summer so far. I have become acquainted with
the professional men of the city from whom I have received many favors
and many of whom I hope to regard as my future friends. Through their
influence I have had an opportunity of treating a number of patients,
which is no small advantage to me in my studies. I confess I am so much
attached to the city I should like to make it my home if it were
practicable, but it is so much crowded with physicians that there is no
room for me. In reply to your question as to what pleasure it afforded
me to receive my diploma, I can very readily say that it was far from
affording me anything like a thrill of pleasure to look back upon my
acquirements. I rather felt as a tired traveller might be supposed to
feel when, having exerted himself to reach the top of the first peak on
a mountain, he has only secured a position where he can see Alpine
peaks towering to the skies, which he must scale before his journey is
ended. I very many times have felt as though I was not a particle wiser
since I graduated than before I first left home, yet I suppose I may
claim more than this for myself without being thought vain or arrogant,
but what advantage either myself or others are to reap from it remains
to be seen. I hope I am better prepared to spend the remainder of my
life more profitably than I was before, with higher aims and in
possession of greater capacity for enjoyment myself and of doing good
to others. I cannot yet tell when I shall get my medical degree, yet if
fortune favors and I get along with my studies pretty well, it will not
be longer than fourteen months. I would like to arrange my plans to
leave for home as soon as I get through, but it is so long beforehand
that I do not think about it yet.
"I shall have a short vacation of a few weeks, commencing with August
1st, when I should like to be at home, but I do not deem it best for me
to go this summer. I shall probably go into the country 'round. I shall
probably return to Philadelphia early in October and spend the winter
there, which will end my residence in that city, unless I should remain
longer to attend the hospital and see more practice than I could
"From the accounts I hear from home you still have need of doctors, for
people continue to be sick and die.
"Think you there will be any patronage for me? But your answer will
probably depend upon my worthiness of it.
"But I must hasten to close. I shall be happy to hear from you whenever
you are disposed to write.
"Kind regards to your mother, sisters and brothers.
"Very sincerely yours,
"Point de Bute."

The Humphreys have not increased rapidly in this country. There were
three brothers in the first family, William, John and Christopher. John
never married. Christopher married, but had no family. William had four
sons, and these, with their father and uncles, made seven of the name
then living in the provinces. Since then these four boys have married,
and two of their sons, yet the males of the name just number seven
to-day; and, strange to say, have remained at that figure the most of
the time for the last seventy years. At present there are living four
great-grandsons, and three great-great-grandsons of the first William.

Dr. Humphrey graduated in regular course, received his medical degree,
and settled in St. John, New Brunswick, where he worked up a good
practice. His health, however, gave way, and he died a comparatively
young man.

Mrs. Bishop, a daughter of William Humphrey, writes:--

"I do not remember hearing my parents say much about their early life.
I remember my father saying he gave a doubloon to the man who married
them. They moved to Maccan very shortly after they were married. When
grandmother Humphrey died they went to the funeral on horseback (thirty
miles), and took John with them, then a young babe. (The baby, John,
was the late John A. Humphrey, of Moncton.) I have heard mother say
she took me to her father's funeral when I was four months old, another
long ride on horseback."

Mrs. Bishop is the only one of the family now living.

Returning to the family at Prospect, Betty, the youngest daughter, was
married to George Glendenning, in 1823. Her name was to have been
Elizabeth, but one day previous to the baptism the minister was at the
house and asked Mrs. Trueman what baby's name was to be. She said, "Oh,
I suppose it will be Betty," meaning to have her baptized Elizabeth,
but to call her Betty for short. When the minister came to the
baptism, he did not ask the name, but baptized the baby Betty. The
mother did not feel very well pleased about it, but Betty it had to be.

George Glendenning, George Moffat and George Dickson, three
Dumfrieshire farmers, came to America in the spring of 1820. They had
talked the matter over during the long evenings of the previous winter,
and finally determined to try their fortunes in the New World.

The agricultural distress that prevailed in Ireland at that time
affected Scotland also, and the wages of farm laborers was only a
shilling a day in harvest time. No doubt the love of adventure and a
desire to see more of world also had something to do with the decision
of the young men. Passages were secured on the ship ABIONA, bound for
Miramichi, at which port the young men were safely landed early in May.
John Steele was also a passenger in this vessel. He went to Cumberland
and settled on the gulf shore near Wallace. Rev. Dr. Steele, of
Amherst, is a grandson of John Steele. George Moffat also went to
Cumberland, and settled at River Hebert. Beside managing a farm he did
a large business in sending beef cattle to the Halifax market. Mr.
Moffat was a fine, honest man, "a canny Scot," who was always as good
as his word and expected others to be the same.

George Glendenning had a brother living in St. John, and after landing
at Miramichi he went direct to that place, where he had a short visit.
There was not much in the surroundings of St. John that was attractive
to the eye of a Scotch farmer, so the young emigrant decided to try
another locality. He turned his steps toward "Old Chignecto," a long,
hard walk. He made several attempts to get work on the way, always
without success. At a farmhouse in Dorchester he might have got
employment, but did not like the appearance of things about the place.
Before leaving Dorchester he had become much discouraged, and
remembering his early training in a godly house, determined to ask
direction and guidance from his Heavenly Father. And so, falling on his
knees, he prayed that he might be directed in his way so that by
another night he might find a place where work could be had. After this
earnest prayer he started out with more heart, but in the long walk
through the Dorchester woods to Sackville, then on the "Four Corners,"
no work was found, and so the marsh was crossed and Prospect Farm was
reached just as it began to grow dark. He would try his fortune here.
An old man answered his knock at the door and bade him, "Come in," but
in answer to his request for work said, "No, I do not want a man, but
you had better not go any further to-night; we will keep you here." In
the morning the proprietor of Prospect reversed his decision of the
night before and decided to give the young Scotchman a trial. The
result was that he remained with the family for three years, and when
he left took with him as his wife the youngest daughter.

Mr. Glendenning settled on a new farm in Amherst Head (now
Truemanville), and soon became one of the most successful farmers of
the district. John Glendenning, of Amherst, is his son, and Rev. George
Glendenning, of Halifax, N.S., and Robert Glendenning, M.D., of Mass.,
U.S., are his grandsons.



Thompson Trueman, the youngest member of the family, was married in
March, 1823, to Mary Freeze. He was only twenty-two years old, and
young looking for that age. He used to say in later life that he
married at just the right time. His wife was a daughter of Samuel
Freeze, of Upper Sussex, King's County. Her mother was Margaret Wells,
daughter of Williams Wells, of Point de Bute.

The Freezes came from Yorkshire to Cumberland in the DUKE OF YORK, the
first vessel that landed Yorkshire emigrants at Halifax. Charles Dixon,
the founder of the Dixon name in Sackville, with his family, came out
at this time. The Freeze family, when they arrived in Nova Scotia,
consisted of William Freeze, sen., his son William, with his wife and
two children. Wm. Freeze, sen., remained in this country only a short
time. It was supposed the vessel in which he took passage for England
was lost, as his family never heard of him again.

The son, William, was a mason by trade, but settled on a farm in
Amherst Point, now occupied by the Keillor brothers. He remained in
Cumberland until the first of the present century, and then removed to
Sussex, King's Country, N.B. He had become rather discouraged in his
efforts to reclaim the salt marsh, and came to the conclusion that it
would never be of much value.

It is said that Mr. Freeze and his two sons started in a small boat for
Kentucky. When they got as far as the mouth of the Petitcodiac River,
they turned their boat up the stream, going with the tide to the head
of the river. Leaving the boat, they plunged into the forest and
tramped for some distance. At last they concluded they had lost their
way and were not likely to reach Kentucky on that route. After some
consultation, the father climbed to the top of a tall tree, and from
this altitude the rich interval lands of the Upper Kennebecasis were
full in view.

"There is a valley," said Mr. Freeze, "and there is where my bones are
to be laid."

Here Mr. Freeze got a grant of nine hundred acres of land, enough to
make farms for himself and his four sons. William, a son, was a great
reader and student. He was very fond of mathematics, and it is said
that sometimes when he and his boys would go to the field to hoe, he
would take a stick and mark on the ground a mathematical figure, and
then demonstrate it for the benefit of his boys. The dinner horn would
sound, and no potatoes had been hoed that morning. John, another son,
was a fine singer and took great pleasure in giving singing lessons to
the young people in the neighborhood. The Freezes could all sing, and
most of the men were handy with the mason's tools, which led some wag
to say that the Freezes were all born with stone hammers in one hand
and a note-book in the other. Charles, the fourth son, was a half-
brother and inherited the home farm. Charles was a great reader and
was very fond of history. He was eccentric in some ways and would take
long journeys on foot.

He did not take kindly to railway travel, and his nephews liked to tell
about his planning one day to go by rail instead of walking, but going
to the station before the train arrived, he said he "couldn't be
detained" and started away on foot.

There were two daughters. Miriam married Matthew Fenwick, of Maccan,
N.S., who afterward moved to the Millstream, in King's County, and was
the first to plant the Fenwick name in that county.

Mary was the wife of Thomas Black, of Amherst (brother of Bishop
Black). They had a large family. The youngest son, Rev. A. B. Black,
died in 1900. The history of the Blacks in this country was written by
Cyrus, another member of the family.

Samuel, the eldest son of William Freeze, was married three times, and
had a family of twenty-one children--seven by his first wife, Margaret
Wells, of Point de Bute; eight by his second wife, Bethia Wager, of
Dutch Valley; and six by his third wife, a Miss Scott of Petitcodiac.
The first family were all daughters. The tenth child was the first son
born. Mr. Freeze elected several times to represent King's County in
the Legislature at Fredericton, and while attending to his duties there
he was taken with the illness that ended in his death.

The following letter is among the old papers at the Prospect, written
by Samuel Freeze shortly after Polly's marriage:

"February 25th, 1824.
"I received yours, favored by Mr. Stockton, and am happy to hear that
you are all well, with a small exception, such as human nature is
subject to.

"I am sorry to hear that the crop of hay has failed so much the last
season, which must be a great injury to that part of the country. I
believe that we will make out with what hay we have. You speak of
driving oxen to St. John. The southerly weather that we had about the
12th of this month has raised the water and ice to such an unusual
height that it has swept almost all the publick bridges downstream in
this parish, which cuts off our communication from St. John by sleigh
or sled, in a great measure, or I would have written the butcher, and
then could have probably given you a satisfactory answer; but it is not
the case.

"Mr. R. Stockton informs me that you can get 4 1/2d. at your own barn.
I think that, as the road is, you had better sell them for the 4 1/2
per lb., than to risk the St. John market, as there is but very little
shipping in at present, and they get what they want from a less
distance, and the butchers will take every advantage if they have not
been contracted for. This is my opinion, but do as you think proper.

"I have set my hands to get out some timber this winter. I think about
150 tons of yellow pine and 50 of hackmatack, if the sledding continues
three weeks longer. My crop of grain on my new farm did not answer my
expectations, a great part of it was struck with the rust. I suppose I
will get on the whole 16 acres something more than 100 bushels of
grain, viz., wheat, buckwheat and rye. I have since exchanged it for an
old farm (and pay 170 pounds) situate one mile below Matthew Fenwick's,
formerly owned by Benj. Kierstead. It cuts 30 tons of English hay. The
buildings are in tolerable repair. Susan Freeze talks of coming to see
you shortly. Through the mercy of God I and wife and family are all as
well as common.

"Dear children, from your loving father.



"You will please accept of our love and impart it to our children and

"If, hereafter, you have beef to sell, and wish to take advantage of
the St. John market, let me know, and I will get a butcher's letter
what he will do, and if that suits, you can drive your cattle, but I
did not get your letter in time to get an answer and send it back to
you by the first of March.
"S. F."

A son of Samuel Freeze was sheriff of the county of King's, N.B., for a
quarter of a century, and a grandson is at present acting as deputy
sheriff in that county.

Polly Freeze left her home in Sussex to take care of her grandmother in
Point de Bute, and was married there. She had visited her before,
making the journey of eighty miles on horseback, in company with a
friend. A great part of the way was through the woods, with no road but
a bridle-path for the horses.

Thompson brought his bride to Prospect on the 11th of March, 1823. The
marriage certificate reads:

"I hereby certify that Thompson Trueman, Bachelor, and Mary Freeze,
Spinster, both of Point de Bute, co'ty of Westmoreland, were married by
license this eleventh day of March, in the year of our Lord, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-three by me,

Missionary at Sackville.

"In the presence of:

Rev. Mr. Bamford was the Methodist minister on the Sackville Circuit,
which also included Point de Bute, but a Methodist minister had not the
right, at that time, to solemnize marriage. In 1822, the year before
Thompson was married, a Methodist minister, writing of the Trueman
family, says:

"It consists of an old gentleman, his wife and ten children, eight of
whom are married, making twenty souls. Of this number only two are not
members of Society, and they live so far from the means that they
cannot attend. Eighteen of the family, and for anything that can be
seen to the contrary, the whole family, are doing well, both as to this
world and that which is to come. Nearly all those who are in our
Society meet in one class at their parents', who are just tottering
into the grave ripe for eternity, and they have lately subscribed one
hundred and fifty pounds towards the erection of a chapel in their

This chapel was erected that year, and used for a place of worship till
1881, when it was superseded by the present church, built at Point de
Bute Corner in that year.

I find the following entry in the journal, dated Oct. 2nd, 1820:
"Picking apples; had twenty-one grandchildren to dinner; picked about
100 bushels; very dry weather." The last entry is dated June 21st,
1824: "Apples trees in full bloom; fine growing weather."

The date when the apples trees were in bloom was scarcely ever omitted
in the twenty years' record, and it varied from the fourth of June to
the twenty-first, which was the extreme limit. There is scarcely any
change noticeable in the handwriting from the first entry to the last,
and he would be seventy-two years of age when the last entry was made.

On April 22nd, 1825, Mrs. Trueman died, in the sixty-eighth year of her
age. She had lived to see all of her ten children married and the birth
of more than a score of grandchildren. The last years of her life were
years of suffering. Her husband outlived her a year and a half, passing
away on the 9th September, 1826, in his seventy-fifth year. William
Trueman and Charles Oulton, of Jolicure, died at nearly the same hour,
and both were laid away in the old burying-ground at Point-de-Bute.

Prospect Farm was left to Thompson. He has been managing it for some
years, and the business was settled without much trouble. Little change
was necessary, as all the other members of the family has been provided
for. There were legacies to pay, of course. Ruth and Albert, Thompson's
two eldest children, were born before their grandfather's death.

The routine life at Prospect for the next ten or twelve years was
without much change. Two sons and two daughters were added to the
family. There was sickness, but the doctor's visits were not frequent.
Mr. Trueman suffered at times from acute rheumatism, often so severe
could not turn himself in bed.

In 1829 another attempt was made to aboideau the Aulac River, and this
time it was successful. What proved good ground was found less than a
half mile below the place chosen in 1805. Work to the amount of L 1,096
15s. 6d. in the construction of this aboideau is credited to the
following persons. I do not know that this is the full cost of the

Harmon Trueman L 311 14s. 9d.
Joseph D. Wells 142 3 5
William Trueman 104 7 5
Robert K. Trueman 202 7 9
Thomas Trueman 64 15 4
Thompson Trueman 110 6 10
William Trenholm 100 0 0
William Hewson 60 0 0

This aboideau was superseded in 1840 by the Etter aboideau, which was
thrown across the Aulac about two miles nearer the mouth of the river.
This latter work was very expense to maintain. The foundation in one
place seemed to be resting on quicksand, and was constantly settling.
In 1860 it was decided to abandon the structure and build a new one
about two hundred yards higher up the river. Two years were taken to
finish the new work, and in the meantime the old aboideau was kept in
repair, which gave much better facilities for working at the new one.

When the Eastern Extension Railroad was constructed, a right of way was
secured by the company over the new aboideau, and later, when the road
came into the hands of the Dominion Government, an arrangement was made
with the commissioners of the aboideau for maintaining the work that
has proved very satisfactory to both the owners of the marsh and the

In the decade between 1830 and 1840 the price of farm produce had
dropped very much below what it was in the earlier years of the
century. I find Hugh Hamel bought at Prospect 559 lbs. of butter for
9d., or 15c., per lb., and 1,198 lbs. of cheese for 6d., or 10c. The
next year, 1834, a sale of cattle was made to George Oulton for 4d. per
lb., weight estimated. In 1811 the same description of beef brought ten

In 1839 Rev. Mr. Bennet was for some months member of the home at
Prospect, and later Rev. Mr. Douglas and Mrs. Douglas and Rev. Mr.
Barrett spent some time here in the order of their occupancy of the
Point de Bute Circuit.

In 1840 an influenza, much like la grippe, passed through the country
and caused a great many deaths. The family at Prospect were nearly all
down with it at once, but all recovered.

The saddest visitation that ever came to this home was in the year
1845. On the evening of the 28th July death came a sudden and
unexpected guest. The day had been fine, and farm work was going on as
usual. Mr. Trueman had been at the grist mill all day. The family had
gathered for supper, and a horse stood saddled at the door. There was
to be a trustee meeting at the church that evening, and Mr. Trueman was
on of its members. Supper over, he mounted his horse to ride to the
church. Ten minutes had not passed when the horse was seen without a
rider, and Mr. Trueman was found a short distance from the house, where
he had fallen, to all appearance, dead. He was quickly carried in and
medical aid summoned, but all was of no avail. It was a heavy blow.
Mrs. Trueman could not look upon life the same afterwards, and she
never recovered from the great sorrow. There were seven children, the
eldest, Ruth, twenty-one years of age, and the youngest, Mary, eighteen

Thompson Trueman was in his forty-fifth year. He was a heavy man, quite
different in build from his brothers. The writer was but eight years
old at that time, and so has learned about him mainly from others. He
seems to have made a great many friends, and was looked upon as an
upright man. One who knew him well said, when he heard of his death,
this passage of Scripture came to his mind: "Help, Lord, for the godly
man ceaseth, and the faithful fail from among the children of men."

The years that followed were trying ones at Prospect. The blight that
ruined the potato crop in 1846, and the loss of the wheat crop a few
years later by the weavil, were felt more keenly because of the loss of
the controlling mind. To give an idea of the financial loss, I may
mention the fact that in 1843 two thousand bushels of potatoes were
grown on the farm, and in 1847 not enough were grown to supply the
table. In addition to the great failure in these two staple crops, at
that time the price of beef, pork and butter went down to a very low
point. A pair of oxen that would girth from six to six and a half feet
could be bought for forty-five or fifty dollars. Pork went down to 4
and 4 1/2 cents per lb., and butter to 12 1/2 cents, or a York
shilling. In one of the best settlements in Nova Scotia a majority of
the farms were mortgaged to carry their owners over these hard years.
Those who remember the period in New Brunswick history will not be
inclined to complain to-day.

Samuel Davis, with the help of Mrs. Trueman, managed Prospect Farm
until the sons were able to take charge. Mr. Davis was a most faithful
and kind-hearted man, and is remembered with the liveliest feelings of
gratitude by the writer for the numberless ways in which he tried to
make up to him a father's loss.

It is doubtful if the saw-mill, which was built in 1843, was ever a
paying investment.

In 1849 a stone kiln and machinery for making oatmeal were added to the
mill property. The loss of the wheat crop had lead the Government of
the Province to encourage the use of oatmeal by offering a bonus of
L 25 to anyone who would build an oat-mill. This led to the addition,
and oats were made into meal for a large district of country for a good
many years; but the expense of keeping the dam up, and the frequency
with which it was carried away by the freshets, must have absorbed most
of the profits of the business.

Up to this time agriculture had been the principal industry on the
Isthmus. The farmer was the prominent man in the neighborhood, and the
aim of every young man was to get a farm of his own. Now, however,
there came a change. In 1848 gold was discovered in California, and in
1849 and the early 50's numbers of our young men left for the gold-
fields. Then came the telegraph service, which called for bright,
intelligent young men. Ever since that date agriculture has declined
relatively in the Maritime Provinces. As the years went by the products
of the western wheat-fields came into competition with the home-grown
article, and the result was soon felt in the milling business here.
Since 1872 the grist-mill at Prospect, with its three run of stones,
and the saw-mill as well, have been allowed to go to decay.

In 1856 Hiram Thompson married Tryphena Black, of Prince Edward Island,
and settled on the second farm north of the old place. Later he sold
this farm and moved to Searletown, Prince Edward Island. In 1857,
Eliza, the second daughter, married William Avard, of Shemogue.

In 1860, April 11th, Mrs. Trueman died, in the sixty-second year of her
age, and after fifteen years of widowhood. She had a large circle of
friends, and was always ready to help those who were in need. After her
husband's death she kept up the family altar, and few mothers have been
more earnest in looking after the moral and spiritual welfare of their

In 1863, Howard, the third son, married Agnes Johnstone, of Napan,
Miramichi, and remained at the old home. In January, 1864, Margaret,
the third daughter, was married to George M. Black, of Dorchester. The
same year, in May, Mrs. Howard Trueman died. In July, 1867, Howard
married Mary Jean Main, of Kingston, Kent County, daughter of John
Main, of that place. Mary, the youngest daughter, was married to
William Prescott, of Bay Verte, in 1873.

The following minutes of a meeting held at Prospect January 4th, 1875,
will be of interest:

"The meeting was organized by the appointment of David Lawrence as
Chairman, and Howard Trueman as Secretary.

"The chairman stated the object of the meeting was to take steps to
celebrate in some fitting way the arrival of the first Trueman family
in Nova Scotia, which took place just a hundred years ago.

"On motion of S. B. Trueman, seconded by Edward Trueman, Resolved, that
there be a gathering of the Trueman descendants at the old homestead
sometime during the summer of 1875.

"Moved by John A. Humphrey, and seconded by Martin Trueman, and
carried, that a committee be appointed to carry out the above
resolution, said committee to consist of representatives from each
branch of the family.

"The following were named as a committee:
"Martin Trueman. "Edward Trueman.
Henry Trueman. Benjamin Trueman.
Thompson Trueman. John Glendenning.
David Lawrence. R. T. McLeod.
Harman Humphrey. Albert Trueman.
"Howard Trueman.

"It was also decided to number the descendants and have written out a
short history or genealogy of the family; also to place a marble
monument to make the last resting-place of those who first came to

The celebration was held at Prospect Farm on the 14th July, 1875, and
took the form of an all-day picnic. A programme was given, consisting
of music and addresses. The invitations were not confined to the
immediate connection. Friends of the family were included. It was
estimated that about five hundred were present, many coming from widely
different points. The social intercourse was greatly enjoyed, and was
looked upon as one of the best features of the reunion.

The following census of the family to day (1875) was given out at that

Children 10 10 0

Children 10 5 5
Grandchildren 28 3 25
Great-grandchildren 23 3 20
61 11 50

Children 11 1 10
Grandchildren 72 23 49
Great-grandchildren 99 22 77
182 46 136

Children 10 3 7
Grandchildren 30 7 23
Great-grandchildren 2 0 2
42 10 32

Children 13 7 6
Grandchildren 52 12 40
Great-grandchildren 42 10 32
107 29 78

Children 11 3 8
Grandchildren 51 12 39
Great-grandchildren 51 7 44
113 22 91

Children 9 3 6
Grandchildren 47 4 43
Great-grandchildren 17 0 17
73 7 66

Children 3 1 2
Grandchildren 8 3 5
Great-grandchildren 2 1 1
13 5 8

Children 7 4 3
Grandchildren 20 3 17
Great-grandchildren 1 0 1
28 7 21

Children 6 3 3
Grandchildren 13 0 13
Great-grandchildren 1 0 1
20 3 17

Children 7 0 7
Grandchildren 18 1 17
Great-grandchildren 0 0 0
25 1 24

Total in the ten families 664 141 523


Presby- Episco-
FAMILY OF Methodists Baptists terians palians Total

William Trueman 78 24 22 12 136
Thomas Trueman 45 33 78
John Trueman 32 32
Harmon Trueman 50 50
Mary Ann Humphrey 15 6 21
Betty Glendenning 9 8 17
Amos Trueman 16 50 66
Sarah Lawrence 80 11 91
Robert Trueman 8 8
Thompson Trueman 24 24
Total 357 63 91 12 523


Tele- Tin- Assay Student Mill
FAMILY OF Farm/Mech/graph/smith/Carp/ /Teach/AtLaw/Rail/Own/Agt

William Trueman 16 1 1 1 3 1 1
Thomas Trueman 6 7 2 1 1
John Trueman 1 1
Harmon Trueman 3 3 2 1 1
Mary A. Humphrey 1 1 1
Betty Glendenning 1
Amos Trueman 8
Sarah Lawrence 6 3 1 1
Robert Trueman 1 1
Thompson Trueman 3
Total 46 15 1 1 8 1 5 1 1 1 1

So much was this celebration enjoyed that the decision was quite
unanimous that a similar reunion should be held at a future time. This
was kept in mind, and in 1891, seventeen years afterwards, invitations
were sent from Prospect for another gathering of the clan. This time,
however, the scope of the celebration was extended. The Historical
Society of Sackville was associated in the event, and all were welcome
who cared to be present.

This gathering was called the Yorkshire Picnic, and anyone of Yorkshire
blood was especially welcome. An effort was made to get the names of
all visitors recorded, but it was not entirely successful. About three
hundred, however, wrote their names below the following, written by
Judge Morse.

"Visitors to Prospect Farm, July 14th, 1891, on the occasion of the
reunion of the Trueman family, combined with a picnic of the Historical
Society of Sackville, in commemoration of the coming into the country
of the Yorkshire settlers,

"Judge County Court,
"Nova Scotia."

The following is a report of that gathering as given in the Chignecto
POST at that time:


"On Tuesday last, in response to invitations, upwards of five hundred
persons gathered at Prospect Farm, Point de Bute, the residence of
Messrs. Howard and Albert Trueman, to commemorate the arrival of the
Yorkshire settlers in this country. The descendants of the Yorkshiremen
had invited the Chignecto Historical Society, recently formed, to be
present, and the formal proceedings of the day were under the auspices
of the latter.

"After dinner, Judge Morse, as president of the Historical Society, in
a neat speech spoke of the objects of the Chignecto Historical Society.
It was their desire to find out who were the early settlers, and where
they came from, and to collect all valuable information concerning the
early history of this vicinity. He was pleased to see so many
descendants of the original settlers of our country present, and see
among them the most prosperous of our people. Mr. W. C. Milner,
Secretary of the Society, then read an interesting paper on the
expedition from New England to capture Fort Cumberland in 1776, under
the command of Col. Eddy, and the influences that led to its defeat,
notably the firm stand taken by the Yorkshire Royalists against the
troops of the Continental Congress, and in favor of the Mother Land and
the Old Flag. A good many facts connected with this episode in local
history, which has been instrumental in shaping the destiny of the
Province of New Brunswick, were for the first time made public. As it
will be published in full in an early issue of the POST, together with
other papers of the Chignecto Historical Society, it is unnecessary to
reproduce it now.

"Judge Morse delivered an interesting address upon the Yorkshire
settlers. The condition of our country in 1763 was one of constant
strife between the French on the one side and the English on the other.
But in 1763 the latter were victorious, the French driven back, and the
country then thrown open for settlement by the English. In 1764
Governor Franklyn proposed to settle the very fertile land at the head
of the Bay of Fundy with the proper class, and after some
correspondence with Earl Hillsboro, Lord of the Plantations in England,
he paid a personal visit to Yorkshire, where lived the thriftiest
farmers in all England, induced in 1772-3-4 a large number of families
to try their fortunes in the New World. In April and May the first
arrivals landed on the bleak and rocky coast near Halifax, and
surrounded as they were with every discomfort, it was no wonder that
they felt discouraged. With their wives the men passed on to Windsor,
where they first got a glimpse of the budding orchards left by the
French settlers. Here a division was made in the party. The women and
children were sent to the head of the Bay by a series of ferries, and
the men pushed on to Annapolis, and later joined their families at
Chignecto. To the pluck, loyalty, and industry of the Yorkshiremen
Judge Morse paid many a tribute. To them do we owe our present
connection with the Mother Country. When this country from north to
south was rent by the rebellion, when the rivers ran blood, and when
the prestige of English arms in Northern America seemed to totter, it
was the Yorkshire immigrants who remained firm, and although compelled
to suffer untold hardships and privations, yet they remained loyal to
that old flag, whose folds he was pleased to see floating in the breeze
to-day. The speaker gave fully in detail various particulars of the
settlement, of the persons interested, and the location of several
important landmarks. The Yorkshiremen have done three great acts: They
made the country; they preserved the flag; and they, through the
efforts of Preacher Black, founded in this country the principles of
Methodism, which has made such steady progress, and which has been the
prominent religion for over a century. He closed by asking all who had
any historical relics in their possession to communicate with the
officers of the society, and allow them to inspect such. Judge Morse
was followed by Mr. A. B. Black, Amherst; J. L. Black, Sackville; W. C.
Milner, and the host of the day, Mr. Howard Trueman, who spoke upon the
valuable features of the Historical Society.

"Among those present were Sheriff McQueen, J. A. McQueen, M.P.P., W. J.
Robinson (Moncton), Col. Wm. Blair, Hon. Hiram Black, J. L. Black, Wm.
Prescott, Jas. Trueman, Esq. (St. John), W. F. George, Dr. A. D. Smith,
Dr. H. S. Trueman, Rev. Mr. Crisp, Rev. Mr. Bliss, Couns. Copp and

"The house at Prospect Farm is one of the oldest in the Province,
having been completed on June 14th, 1799."

The following is an account of the one hundredth anniversary of the
"Brick House," taken from the Moncton TIMES of July, 1899:

"On Friday, Prospect Farm, the residence of Howard Trueman, Esq., the
old Trueman homestead at Point de Bute, was the scene of an anniversary
that called together representatives of the various branches of the
Trueman family that came to this country in 1775. The centenary of
their settlement here was celebrated by a big picnic twenty-four years
ago, and the present one was connected with the building of the old
house one hundred years ago--a fine English house built of brick and
overgrown with ivy and climbing rose. The site is one of the most
commanding and beautiful in the country, and is justly a spot cherished
by all the Truemans with pride and affection.

"The afternoon was charming, though threatening, and the numerous
gathering, old and young, male and female, enjoyed themselves to the

"The oldest member of the family present was the venerable Martin
Trueman, of Point de Bute, aged eight-four years, still hale and
vigorous, and enjoying life as well as the youngest. The next oldest
was Thompson Trueman, of Sackville, father of Mrs. (Senator) Wood, aged
eighty-three, also a very vigorous man. Within a few weeks Mr. Joseph
Trueman, also of the same generation, the father of Judge Trueman, of
St. John, has passed to his rest. Mr. Henry Trueman, father of Mrs.
James Colpitts, was prevented by the infirmities of age from being
present. Amongst others of the same generation were Mrs. Eunice Moore,
of Moncton, and Mrs. Amelia Black, of Truro, N.S. Others belonging to
the older generation were James Trueman, of Hampton; Alder Trueman, of
Sackville, and Benjamin Trueman of Point de Bute.

"A younger generation embraced Judge Trueman, of Albert; Pickard
Trueman, James Amos Trueman, ex-Coun. Amos Trueman and George Trueman.
There was a large representation present of those connected with Mr.
Trueman by marriage or blood, as Squire Wm. Avard, Bristol; Collector
Prescott, Bay Verte; Albert Carter, C. F. McCready, Sheriff McQueen,
ex-collector James D. Dickson, George M. Black, I. F. Carter, James
Main, Botsford; John Glendenning, Cumberland; Geo. W. Ripley, Mrs.
J. M. Trueman, Thorndale, Pa; Gilbert Pugsley, Rupert Coates, Nappan;
Hibbert Lawrence, Gilbert Lawrence, Burgess Fullerton, Southampton;
Mrs. Sarah Patterson, Linden; Alex. Smith, Nappan; Dr. Chapman, James
Colpitts, Point de Bute; J. L. Black, ex-M.P.P., Sackville; Mrs. Burke,
Toronto; E. E. Baker, Fort Lawrence.

"Amongst the visitors were: R. Robertson, W. S. Blair, Experimental
Farm, Nappan; Dr. W. F. Ganong, W. C. Milner, W. Fawcett, Charles
George, W. F. George, John Roach, Thomas Roach, Nappan; Frank Beharrel,
Lowell, Mass.; Dr. Allison, President Mt. Allison; Dr. Smith,
Dr. Brecken, Prof. Andrews, Sackville; Rev. Mr. Batty, Amherst; Douglas
Fullerton, Leonard Carter, J. H. Goodwin, Point de Bute; Hiram Copp,
F. A. Dixon, Sackville; George Copp, James Fillmore, Bay Verte.

"A platform was erected under the shade of the vine-covered walls, and
interesting speeches made. Dr. Chapman presided. In his introductory
remarks he said he was pleased with his Yorkshire descent, and was very
sorry that Mr. Batty, who was to tell sometime of Yorkshire at the
present day, was not present. Mr. Howard Trueman, who was then called
upon, told something of the settlement of the Truemans, the building of
the house, the clock two hundred years old that was still keeping good
time, the chair that came out from England with the family, and the
bench there on the platform that came from the first Methodist church
built in Canada, a stone church that stood by the Point de Bute

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