Full Text Archive logoFull Text Archive — Free Classic E-books

The American by Henry James

Part 1 out of 8

Adobe PDF icon
Download this document as a .pdf
File size: 0.9 MB
What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to read off-line or to print out text and read from the real printed page. Others want to carry documents around with them on their mobile phones and read while they are on the move. We have created .pdf files of all out documents to accommodate all these groups of people. We recommend that you download .pdfs onto your mobile phone when it is connected to a WiFi connection for reading off-line.

Prepared by Pauline J. Iacono

The American

by Henry James 1877


On a brilliant day in May, in the year 1868, a gentleman was reclining
at his ease on the great circular divan which at that period occupied
the centre of the Salon Carre, in the Museum of the Louvre.
This commodious ottoman has since been removed, to the extreme regret
of all weak-kneed lovers of the fine arts, but the gentleman in question
had taken serene possession of its softest spot, and, with his head
thrown back and his legs outstretched, was staring at Murillo's
beautiful moon-borne Madonna in profound enjoyment of his posture.
He had removed his hat, and flung down beside him a little red guide-book
and an opera-glass. The day was warm; he was heated with walking,
and he repeatedly passed his handkerchief over his forehead,
with a somewhat wearied gesture. And yet he was evidently not
a man to whom fatigue was familiar; long, lean, and muscular,
he suggested the sort of vigor that is commonly known as "toughness."
But his exertions on this particular day had been of an unwonted sort,
and he had performed great physical feats which left him less jaded
than his tranquil stroll through the Louvre. He had looked out all
the pictures to which an asterisk was affixed in those formidable
pages of fine print in his Badeker; his attention had been strained
and his eyes dazzled, and he had sat down with an aesthetic headache.
He had looked, moreover, not only at all the pictures, but at all
the copies that were going forward around them, in the hands of those
innumerable young women in irreproachable toilets who devote themselves,
in France, to the propagation of masterpieces, and if the truth must
be told, he had often admired the copy much more than the original.
His physiognomy would have sufficiently indicated that he was a shrewd
and capable fellow, and in truth he had often sat up all night over
a bristling bundle of accounts, and heard the cock crow without a yawn.
But Raphael and Titian and Rubens were a new kind of arithmetic,
and they inspired our friend, for the first time in his life,
with a vague self-mistrust.

An observer with anything of an eye for national types would
have had no difficulty in determining the local origin
of this undeveloped connoisseur, and indeed such an observer
might have felt a certain humorous relish of the almost ideal
completeness with which he filled out the national mould.
The gentleman on the divan was a powerful specimen of an American.
But he was not only a fine American; he was in the first place,
physically, a fine man. He appeared to possess that kind of health
and strength which, when found in perfection, are the most impressive--
the physical capital which the owner does nothing to "keep up."
If he was a muscular Christian, it was quite without knowing it.
If it was necessary to walk to a remote spot, he walked,
but he had never known himself to "exercise." He had no theory
with regard to cold bathing or the use of Indian clubs;
he was neither an oarsman, a rifleman, nor a fencer--he had
never had time for these amusements--and he was quite unaware
that the saddle is recommended for certain forms of indigestion.
He was by inclination a temperate man; but he had supped
the night before his visit to the Louvre at the Cafe Anglais--
some one had told him it was an experience not to be omitted--
and he had slept none the less the sleep of the just.
His usual attitude and carriage were of a rather relaxed
and lounging kind, but when under a special inspiration,
he straightened himself, he looked like a grenadier on parade.
He never smoked. He had been assured--such things are said--
that cigars were excellent for the health, and he was quite
capable of believing it; but he knew as little about tobacco as
about homeopathy. He had a very well-formed head, with a shapely,
symmetrical balance of the frontal and the occipital development,
and a good deal of straight, rather dry brown hair.
His complexion was brown, and his nose had a bold well-marked arch.
His eye was of a clear, cold gray, and save for a rather
abundant mustache he was clean-shaved. He had the flat jaw
and sinewy neck which are frequent in the American type;
but the traces of national origin are a matter of expression even
more than of feature, and it was in this respect that our friend's
countenance was supremely eloquent. The discriminating observer
we have been supposing might, however, perfectly have measured
its expressiveness, and yet have been at a loss to describe it.
It had that typical vagueness which is not vacuity,
that blankness which is not simplicity, that look of being
committed to nothing in particular, of standing in an attitude
of general hospitality to the chances of life, of being very much
at one's own disposal so characteristic of many American faces.
It was our friend's eye that chiefly told his story; an eye
in which innocence and experience were singularly blended.
It was full of contradictory suggestions, and though it
was by no means the glowing orb of a hero of romance,
you could find in it almost anything you looked for.
Frigid and yet friendly, frank yet cautious, shrewd yet credulous,
positive yet skeptical, confident yet shy, extremely intelligent
and extremely good-humored, there was something vaguely defiant in
its concessions, and something profoundly reassuring in its reserve.
The cut of this gentleman's mustache, with the two premature
wrinkles in the cheek above it, and the fashion of his garments,
in which an exposed shirt-front and a cerulean cravat played perhaps
an obtrusive part, completed the conditions of his identity.
We have approached him, perhaps, at a not especially favorable moment;
he is by no means sitting for his portrait. But listless
as he lounges there, rather baffled on the aesthetic question,
and guilty of the damning fault (as we have lately discovered it to be)
of confounding the merit of the artist with that of his work
(for he admires the squinting Madonna of the young lady with
the boyish coiffure, because he thinks the young lady herself
uncommonly taking), he is a sufficiently promising acquaintance.
Decision, salubrity, jocosity, prosperity, seem to hover
within his call; he is evidently a practical man, but the idea
in his case, has undefined and mysterious boundaries,
which invite the imagination to bestir itself on his behalf.

As the little copyist proceeded with her work, she sent every now and then
a responsive glance toward her admirer. The cultivation of the fine
arts appeared to necessitate, to her mind, a great deal of byplay,
a great standing off with folded arms and head drooping from side to side,
stroking of a dimpled chin with a dimpled hand, sighing and frowning
and patting of the foot, fumbling in disordered tresses for wandering
hair-pins. These performances were accompanied by a restless glance,
which lingered longer than elsewhere upon the gentleman we have described.
At last he rose abruptly, put on his hat, and approached the young lady.
He placed himself before her picture and looked at it for some moments,
during which she pretended to be quite unconscious of his inspection.
Then, addressing her with the single word which constituted the strength
of his French vocabulary, and holding up one finger in a manner which appeared
to him to illuminate his meaning, "Combien?" he abruptly demanded.

The artist stared a moment, gave a little pout, shrugged her shoulders,
put down her palette and brushes, and stood rubbing her hands.

"How much?" said our friend, in English. "Combien?"

"Monsieur wishes to buy it?" asked the young lady in French.

"Very pretty, splendide. Combien?" repeated the American.

"It pleases monsieur, my little picture? It's a very beautiful subject,"
said the young lady.

"The Madonna, yes; I am not a Catholic, but I want to buy it. Combien?
Write it here." And he took a pencil from his pocket and showed
her the fly-leaf of his guide-book. She stood looking at him and
scratching her chin with the pencil. "Is it not for sale?" he asked.
And as she still stood reflecting, and looking at him with an eye which,
in spite of her desire to treat this avidity of patronage as a very old story,
betrayed an almost touching incredulity, he was afraid he had offended her.
She simply trying to look indifferent, and wondering how far she might go.
"I haven't made a mistake--pas insulte, no?" her interlocutor continued.
"Don't you understand a little English?"

The young lady's aptitude for playing a part at short notice
was remarkable. She fixed him with her conscious, perceptive eye
and asked him if he spoke no French. Then, "Donnez!" she said briefly,
and took the open guide-book. In the upper corner of the fly-leaf
she traced a number, in a minute and extremely neat hand.
Then she handed back the book and took up her palette again.

Our friend read the number: "2,000 francs."
He said nothing for a time, but stood looking at the picture,
while the copyist began actively to dabble with her paint.
"For a copy, isn't that a good deal?" he asked at last.
"Pas beaucoup?"

The young lady raised her eyes from her palette, scanned him from head
to foot, and alighted with admirable sagacity upon exactly the right answer.
"Yes, it's a good deal. But my copy has remarkable qualities, it is
worth nothing less."

The gentleman in whom we are interested understood no French, but I
have said he was intelligent, and here is a good chance to prove it.
He apprehended, by a natural instinct, the meaning of the young
woman's phrase, and it gratified him to think that she was
so honest. Beauty, talent, virtue; she combined everything!
"But you must finish it," he said. "FINISH, you know;"
and he pointed to the unpainted hand of the figure.

"Oh, it shall be finished in perfection; in the perfection of perfections!"
cried mademoiselle; and to confirm her promise, she deposited a rosy blotch
in the middle of the Madonna's cheek.

But the American frowned. "Ah, too red, too red!" he rejoined.
"Her complexion," pointing to the Murillo, "is--more delicate."

"Delicate? Oh, it shall be delicate, monsieur; delicate as Sevres biscuit.
I am going to tone that down; I know all the secrets of my art.
And where will you allow us to send it to you? Your address?"

"My address? Oh yes!" And the gentleman drew a card from
his pocket-book and wrote something upon it. Then hesitating
a moment he said, "If I don't like it when it it's finished,
you know, I shall not be obliged to take it."

The young lady seemed as good a guesser as himself.
"Oh, I am very sure that monsieur is not capricious,"
she said with a roguish smile.

"Capricious?" And at this monsieur began to laugh.
"Oh no, I'm not capricious. I am very faithful.
I am very constant. Comprenez?"

"Monsieur is constant; I understand perfectly. It's a rare virtue.
To recompense you, you shall have your picture on the first possible day;
next week--as soon as it is dry. I will take the card of monsieur."
And she took it and read his name: "Christopher Newman."
Then she tried to repeat it aloud, and laughed at her bad accent.
"Your English names are so droll!"

"Droll?" said Mr. Newman, laughing too. "Did you ever hear
of Christopher Columbus?"

"Bien sur! He invented America; a very great man.
And is he your patron?"

"My patron?"

"Your patron-saint, in the calendar."

"Oh, exactly; my parents named me for him."

"Monsieur is American?"

"Don't you see it?" monsieur inquired.

"And you mean to carry my little picture away over there?"
and she explained her phrase with a gesture.

"Oh, I mean to buy a great many pictures--beaucoup, beaucoup,"
said Christopher Newman.

"The honor is not less for me," the young lady answered,
"for I am sure monsieur has a great deal of taste."

"But you must give me your card," Newman said; "your card, you know."

The young lady looked severe for an instant, and then said,
"My father will wait upon you."

But this time Mr. Newman's powers of divination were at fault.
"Your card, your address," he simply repeated.

"My address?" said mademoiselle. Then with a little shrug,
"Happily for you, you are an American! It is the first time I
ever gave my card to a gentleman." And, taking from her pocket
a rather greasy porte-monnaie, she extracted from it a small
glazed visiting card, and presented the latter to her patron.
It was neatly inscribed in pencil, with a great many flourishes,
"Mlle. Noemie Nioche." But Mr. Newman, unlike his companion,
read the name with perfect gravity; all French names to him
were equally droll.

"And precisely, here is my father, who has come to escort me home,"
said Mademoiselle Noemie. "He speaks English. He will arrange with you."
And she turned to welcome a little old gentleman who came shuffling up,
peering over his spectacles at Newman.

M. Nioche wore a glossy wig, of an unnatural color which overhung his
little meek, white, vacant face, and left it hardly more expressive
than the unfeatured block upon which these articles are displayed
in the barber's window. He was an exquisite image of shabby gentility.
His scant ill-made coat, desperately brushed, his darned gloves,
his highly polished boots, his rusty, shapely hat, told the story
of a person who had "had losses" and who clung to the spirit
of nice habits even though the letter had been hopelessly effaced.
Among other things M. Nioche had lost courage. Adversity had not only
ruined him, it had frightened him, and he was evidently going through
his remnant of life on tiptoe, for fear of waking up the hostile fates.
If this strange gentleman was saying anything improper to his daughter,
M. Nioche would entreat him huskily, as a particular favor, to forbear;
but he would admit at the same time that he was very presumptuous
to ask for particular favors.

"Monsieur has bought my picture," said Mademoiselle Noemie.
"When it's finished you'll carry it to him in a cab."

"In a cab!" cried M. Nioche; and he stared, in a bewildered way,
as if he had seen the sun rising at midnight.

"Are you the young lady's father?" said Newman.
"I think she said you speak English."

"Speak English--yes," said the old man slowly rubbing his hands.
"I will bring it in a cab."

"Say something, then," cried his daughter. "Thank him a little--
not too much."

"A little, my daughter, a little?" said M. Nioche perplexed.
"How much?"

"Two thousand!" said Mademoiselle Noemie. "Don't make a fuss
or he'll take back his word."

"Two thousand!" cried the old man, and he began to fumble
for his snuff-box. He looked at Newman from head to foot;
he looked at his daughter and then at the picture.
"Take care you don't spoil it!" he cried almost sublimely.

"We must go home," said Mademoiselle Noemie. "This is a good day's work.
Take care how you carry it!" And she began to put up her utensils.

"How can I thank you?" said M. Nioche. "My English does not suffice."

"I wish I spoke French as well," said Newman, good-naturedly. "Your
daughter is very clever."

"Oh, sir!" and M. Nioche looked over his spectacles with tearful
eyes and nodded several times with a world of sadness.
"She has had an education--tres-superieure! Nothing was spared.
Lessons in pastel at ten francs the lesson, lessons in oil
at twelve francs. I didn't look at the francs then.
She's an artiste, ah!"

"Do I understand you to say that you have had reverses?" asked Newman.

"Reverses? Oh, sir, misfortunes--terrible."

"Unsuccessful in business, eh?"

"Very unsuccessful, sir."

"Oh, never fear, you'll get on your legs again," said Newman cheerily.

The old man drooped his head on one side and looked at him with an expression
of pain, as if this were an unfeeling jest.

"What does he say?" demanded Mademoiselle Noemie.

M. Nioche took a pinch of snuff. "He says I will make my fortune again."

"Perhaps he will help you. And what else?"

"He says thou art very clever."

"It is very possible. You believe it yourself, my father?"

"Believe it, my daughter? With this evidence!"
And the old man turned afresh, with a staring, wondering homage,
to the audacious daub on the easel.

"Ask him, then, if he would not like to learn French."

"To learn French?"

"To take lessons."

"To take lessons, my daughter? From thee?"

"From you!"

"From me, my child? How should I give lessons?"

"Pas de raisons! Ask him immediately!" said Mademoiselle Noemie,
with soft brevity.

M. Nioche stood aghast, but under his daughter's eye he collected his wits,
and, doing his best to assume an agreeable smile, he executed her commands.
"Would it please you to receive instruction in our beautiful language?"
he inquired, with an appealing quaver.

"To study French?" asked Newman, staring.

M. Nioche pressed his finger-tips together and slowly raised his shoulders.
"A little conversation!"

"Conversation--that's it!" murmured Mademoiselle Noemie, who had caught
the word. "The conversation of the best society."

"Our French conversation is famous, you know," M. Nioche ventured
to continue. "It's a great talent."

"But isn't it awfully difficult?" asked Newman, very simply.

"Not to a man of esprit, like monsieur, an admirer of beauty in every form!"
and M. Nioche cast a significant glance at his daughter's Madonna.

"I can't fancy myself chattering French!" said Newman with a laugh.
"And yet, I suppose that the more a man knows the better."

"Monsieur expresses that very happily. Helas, oui!"

"I suppose it would help me a great deal, knocking about Paris,
to know the language."

"Ah, there are so many things monsieur must want to say: difficult things!"

"Everything I want to say is difficult. But you give lessons?"

Poor M. Nioche was embarrassed; he smiled more appealingly.
"I am not a regular professor," he admitted. "I can't nevertheless
tell him that I'm a professor," he said to his daughter.

"Tell him it's a very exceptional chance," answered Mademoiselle Noemie;
"an homme du monde--one gentleman conversing with another!
Remember what you are--what you have been!"

"A teacher of languages in neither case! Much more formerly and much
less to-day! And if he asks the price of the lessons?"

"He won't ask it," said Mademoiselle Noemie.

"What he pleases, I may say?"

"Never! That's bad style."

"If he asks, then?"

Mademoiselle Noemie had put on her bonnet and was tying the ribbons.
She smoothed them out, with her soft little chin thrust forward.
"Ten francs," she said quickly.

"Oh, my daughter! I shall never dare."

"Don't dare, then! He won't ask till the end of the lessons,
and then I will make out the bill."

M. Nioche turned to the confiding foreigner again, and stood
rubbing his hands, with an air of seeming to plead guilty which
was not intenser only because it was habitually so striking.
It never occurred to Newman to ask him for a guarantee of his
skill in imparting instruction; he supposed of course M. Nioche
knew his own language, and his appealing forlornness was quite
the perfection of what the American, for vague reasons, had always
associated with all elderly foreigners of the lesson-giving class.
Newman had never reflected upon philological processes.
His chief impression with regard to ascertaining those mysterious
correlatives of his familiar English vocables which were current
in this extraordinary city of Paris was, that it was simply
a matter of a good deal of unwonted and rather ridiculous
muscular effort on his own part. "How did you learn English?"
he asked of the old man.

"When I was young, before my miseries. Oh, I was wide awake, then.
My father was a great commercant; he placed me for a year
in a counting-house in England. Some of it stuck to me;
but I have forgotten!"

"How much French can I learn in a month?"

"What does he say?" asked Mademoiselle Noemie.

M. Nioche explained.

"He will speak like an angel!" said his daughter.

But the native integrity which had been vainly exerted to
secure M. Nioche's commercial prosperity flickered up again.
"Dame, monsieur!" he answered. "All I can teach you!"
And then, recovering himself at a sign from his daughter,
"I will wait upon you at your hotel."

"Oh yes, I should like to learn French," Newman went on,
with democratic confidingness. "Hang me if I should ever
have thought of it! I took for granted it was impossible.
But if you learned my language, why shouldn't I learn yours?"
and his frank, friendly laugh drew the sting from the jest.
"Only, if we are going to converse, you know, you must think
of something cheerful to converse about."

"You are very good, sir; I am overcome!" said M. Nioche, throwing out
his hands. "But you have cheerfulness and happiness for two!"

"Oh no," said Newman more seriously. "You must be bright and lively;
that's part of the bargain."

M. Nioche bowed, with his hand on his heart. "Very well, sir;
you have already made me lively."

"Come and bring me my picture then; I will pay you for it,
and we will talk about that. That will be a cheerful subject!"

Mademoiselle Noemie had collected her accessories, and she gave
the precious Madonna in charge to her father, who retreated backwards
out of sight, holding it at arm's-length and reiterating his obeisance.
The young lady gathered her shawl about her like a perfect Parisienne,
and it was with the smile of a Parisienne that she took leave
of her patron.


He wandered back to the divan and seated himself on
the other side, in view of the great canvas on which Paul
Veronese had depicted the marriage-feast of Cana.
Wearied as he was he found the picture entertaining;
it had an illusion for him; it satisfied his conception,
which was ambitious, of what a splendid banquet should be.
In the left-hand corner of the picture is a young woman
with yellow tresses confined in a golden head-dress;
she is bending forward and listening, with the smile
of a charming woman at a dinner-party, to her neighbor.
Newman detected her in the crowd, admired her, and perceived
that she too had her votive copyist--a young man with his hair
standing on end. Suddenly he became conscious of the germ
of the mania of the "collector;" he had taken the first step;
why should he not go on? It was only twenty minutes before
that he had bought the first picture of his life, and now he was
already thinking of art-patronage as a fascinating pursuit.
His reflections quickened his good-humor, and he was on
the point of approaching the young man with another "Combien?"
Two or three facts in this relation are noticeable,
although the logical chain which connects them may seem imperfect.
He knew Mademoiselle Nioche had asked too much; he bore her no
grudge for doing so, and he was determined to pay the young man
exactly the proper sum. At this moment, however, his attention
was attracted by a gentleman who had come from another part of
the room and whose manner was that of a stranger to the gallery,
although he was equipped with neither guide-book nor opera-glass.
He carried a white sun-umbrella, lined with blue silk, and he
strolled in front of the Paul Veronese, vaguely looking at it,
but much too near to see anything but the grain of the canvas.
Opposite to Christopher Newman he paused and turned,
and then our friend, who had been observing him, had a chance
to verify a suspicion aroused by an imperfect view of his face.
The result of this larger scrutiny was that he presently sprang
to his feet, strode across the room, and, with an outstretched hand,
arrested the gentleman with the blue-lined umbrella.
The latter stared, but put out his hand at a venture.
He was corpulent and rosy, and though his countenance,
which was ornamented with a beautiful flaxen beard,
carefully divided in the middle and brushed outward at the sides,
was not remarkable for intensity of expression, he looked
like a person who would willingly shake hands with any one.
I know not what Newman thought of his face, but he found a want
of response in his grasp.

"Oh, come, come," he said, laughing; "don't say, now, you don't know me--
if I have NOT got a white parasol!"

The sound of his voice quickened the other's memory, his face expanded
to its fullest capacity, and he also broke into a laugh. "Why, Newman--
I'll be blowed! Where in the world--I declare--who would have thought?
You know you have changed."

"You haven't!" said Newman.

"Not for the better, no doubt. When did you get here?"

"Three days ago."

"Why didn't you let me know?"

"I had no idea YOU were here."

"I have been here these six years."

"It must be eight or nine since we met."

"Something of that sort. We were very young."

"It was in St. Louis, during the war. You were in the army."

"Oh no, not I! But you were."

"I believe I was."

"You came out all right?"

"I came out with my legs and arms--and with satisfaction. All
that seems very far away."

"And how long have you been in Europe?"

"Seventeen days."

"First time?"

"Yes, very much so."

"Made your everlasting fortune?"

Christopher Newman was silent a moment, and then with a tranquil
smile he answered, "Yes."

"And come to Paris to spend it, eh?"

"Well, we shall see. So they carry those parasols here--the menfolk?"

"Of course they do. They're great things. They understand
comfort out here."

"Where do you buy them?"

"Anywhere, everywhere."

"Well, Tristram, I'm glad to get hold of you. You can show me the ropes.
I suppose you know Paris inside out."

Mr. Tristram gave a mellow smile of self-gratulation. "Well,
I guess there are not many men that can show me much.
I'll take care of you."

"It's a pity you were not here a few minutes ago.
I have just bought a picture. You might have put the thing
through for me."

"Bought a picture?" said Mr. Tristram, looking vaguely round at the walls.
"Why, do they sell them?"

"I mean a copy."

"Oh, I see. These," said Mr. Tristram, nodding at the Titians and Vandykes,
"these, I suppose, are originals."

"I hope so," cried Newman. "I don't want a copy of a copy."

"Ah," said Mr. Tristram, mysteriously, "you can never tell.
They imitate, you know, so deucedly well. It's like the jewelers,
with their false stones. Go into the Palais Royal, there; you see
'Imitation' on half the windows. The law obliges them to stick it on,
you know; but you can't tell the things apart. To tell the truth,"
Mr. Tristram continued, with a wry face, "I don't do much in pictures.
I leave that to my wife."

"Ah, you have got a wife?"

"Didn't I mention it? She's a very nice woman; you must know her.
She's up there in the Avenue d'Iena."

"So you are regularly fixed--house and children and all."

"Yes, a tip-top house and a couple of youngsters."

"Well," said Christopher Newman, stretching his arms a little,
with a sigh, "I envy you."

"Oh no! you don't!" answered Mr. Tristram, giving him a little
poke with his parasol.

"I beg your pardon; I do!"

"Well, you won't, then, when--when--"

"You don't certainly mean when I have seen your establishment?"

"When you have seen Paris, my boy. You want to be your own master here."

"Oh, I have been my own master all my life, and I'm tired of it."

"Well, try Paris. How old are you?"


"C'est le bel age, as they say here."

"What does that mean?"

"It means that a man shouldn't send away his plate till he has
eaten his fill."

"All that? I have just made arrangements to take French lessons."

"Oh, you don't want any lessons. You'll pick it up.
I never took any."

"I suppose you speak French as well as English?"

"Better!" said Mr. Tristram, roundly. "It's a splendid language.
You can say all sorts of bright things in it."

"But I suppose," said Christopher Newman, with an earnest desire
for information, "that you must be bright to begin with."

"Not a bit; that's just the beauty of it."

The two friends, as they exchanged these remarks, had remained standing
where they met, and leaning against the rail which protected the pictures.
Mr. Tristram at last declared that he was overcome with fatigue and should
be happy to sit down. Newman recommended in the highest terms the great
divan on which he had been lounging, and they prepared to seat themselves.
"This is a great place; isn't it?" said Newman, with ardor.

"Great place, great place. Finest thing in the world."
And then, suddenly, Mr. Tristram hesitated and looked about him.
"I suppose they won't let you smoke here."

Newman stared. "Smoke? I'm sure I don't know.
You know the regulations better than I."

"I? I never was here before!"

"Never! in six years?"

"I believe my wife dragged me here once when we first came to Paris,
but I never found my way back."

"But you say you know Paris so well!"

"I don't call this Paris!" cried Mr. Tristram, with assurance.
"Come; let's go over to the Palais Royal and have a smoke."

"I don't smoke," said Newman.

"A drink, then."

And Mr. Tristram led his companion away. They passed through
the glorious halls of the Louvre, down the staircases, along the cool,
dim galleries of sculpture, and out into the enormous court.
Newman looked about him as he went, but he made no comments,
and it was only when they at last emerged into the open air
that he said to his friend, "It seems to me that in your place
I should have come here once a week."

"Oh, no you wouldn't!" said Mr. Tristram. "You think so, but you
wouldn't. You wouldn't have had time. You would always mean to go,
but you never would go. There's better fun than that, here in Paris.
Italy's the place to see pictures; wait till you get there.
There you have to go; you can't do anything else.
It's an awful country; you can't get a decent cigar.
I don't know why I went in there, to-day; I was strolling along,
rather hard up for amusement. I sort of noticed the Louvre as
I passed, and I thought I would go in and see what was going on.
But if I hadn't found you there I should have felt rather sold.
Hang it, I don't care for pictures; I prefer the reality!"
And Mr. Tristram tossed off this happy formula with an assurance
which the numerous class of persons suffering from an overdose
of "culture" might have envied him.

The two gentlemen proceeded along the Rue de Rivoli and into the Palais Royal,
where they seated themselves at one of the little tables stationed
at the door of the cafe which projects into the great open quadrangle.
The place was filled with people, the fountains were spouting,
a band was playing, clusters of chairs were gathered beneath all
the lime-trees, and buxom, white-capped nurses, seated along the benches,
were offering to their infant charges the amplest facilities for nutrition.
There was an easy, homely gayety in the whole scene, and Christopher
Newman felt that it was most characteristically Parisian.

"And now," began Mr. Tristram, when they had tested the decoction which
he had caused to be served to them, "now just give an account of yourself.
What are your ideas, what are your plans, where have you come from and
where are you going? In the first place, where are you staying?"

"At the Grand Hotel," said Newman.

Mr. Tristram puckered his plump visage. "That won't do!
You must change."

"Change?" demanded Newman. "Why, it's the finest hotel I ever was in."

"You don't want a 'fine' hotel; you want something small
and quiet and elegant, where your bell is answered and you--
your person is recognized."

"They keep running to see if I have rung before I have touched the bell,"
said Newman "and as for my person they are always bowing and scraping to it."

"I suppose you are always tipping them. That's very bad style."

"Always? By no means. A man brought me something yesterday,
and then stood loafing in a beggarly manner.
I offered him a chair and asked him if he wouldn't sit down.
Was that bad style?"


"But he bolted, instantly. At any rate, the place amuses me.
Hang your elegance, if it bores me. I sat in the court of
the Grand Hotel last night until two o'clock in the morning,
watching the coming and going, and the people knocking about."

"You're easily pleased. But you can do as you choose--a man in your shoes.
You have made a pile of money, eh?"

"I have made enough"

"Happy the man who can say that? Enough for what?"

"Enough to rest awhile, to forget the confounded thing,
to look about me, to see the world, to have a good time,
to improve my mind, and, if the fancy takes me, to marry a wife."
Newman spoke slowly, with a certain dryness of accent and with
frequent pauses. This was his habitual mode of utterance,
but it was especially marked in the words I have just quoted.

"Jupiter! There's a programme!" cried Mr. Tristram.
"Certainly, all that takes money, especially the wife;
unless indeed she gives it, as mine did. And what's the story?
How have you done it?"

Newman had pushed his hat back from his forehead, folded his arms,
and stretched his legs. He listened to the music, he looked about him at
the bustling crowd, at the plashing fountains, at the nurses and the babies.
"I have worked!" he answered at last.

Tristram looked at him for some moments, and allowed his placid eyes
to measure his friend's generous longitude and rest upon his comfortably
contemplative face. "What have you worked at?" he asked.

"Oh, at several things."

"I suppose you're a smart fellow, eh?"

Newman continued to look at the nurses and babies; they imparted to the scene
a kind of primordial, pastoral simplicity. "Yes," he said at last,
"I suppose I am." And then, in answer to his companion's inquiries,
he related briefly his history since their last meeting.
It was an intensely Western story, and it dealt with enterprises
which it will be needless to introduce to the reader in detail.
Newman had come out of the war with a brevet of brigadier-general,
an honor which in this case--without invidious comparisons--
had lighted upon shoulders amply competent to bear it. But though
he could manage a fight, when need was, Newman heartily disliked
the business; his four years in the army had left him with an angry,
bitter sense of the waste of precious things--life and time and money
and "smartness" and the early freshness of purpose; and he had addressed
himself to the pursuits of peace with passionate zest and energy.
He was of course as penniless when he plucked off his shoulder-straps
as when he put them on, and the only capital at his disposal was
his dogged resolution and his lively perception of ends and means.
Exertion and action were as natural to him as respiration; a more
completely healthy mortal had never trod the elastic soil of the West.
His experience, moreover, was as wide as his capacity; when he was
fourteen years old, necessity had taken him by his slim young shoulders
and pushed him into the street, to earn that night's supper.
He had not earned it but he had earned the next night's, and afterwards,
whenever he had had none, it was because he had gone without it to use
the money for something else, a keener pleasure or a finer profit.
He had turned his hand, with his brain in it, to many things;
he had been enterprising, in an eminent sense of the term; he had
been adventurous and even reckless, and he had known bitter failure
as well as brilliant success; but he was a born experimentalist,
and he had always found something to enjoy in the pressure of necessity,
even when it was as irritating as the haircloth shirt of the mediaeval monk.
At one time failure seemed inexorably his portion; ill-luck became his
bed-fellow, and whatever he touched he turned, not to gold, but to ashes.
His most vivid conception of a supernatural element in the world's affairs
had come to him once when this pertinacity of misfortune was at its climax;
there seemed to him something stronger in life than his own will.
But the mysterious something could only be the devil, and he was accordingly
seized with an intense personal enmity to this impertinent force.
He had known what it was to have utterly exhausted his credit,
to be unable to raise a dollar, and to find himself at nightfall
in a strange city, without a penny to mitigate its strangeness.
It was under these circumstances that he made his entrance into
San Francisco, the scene, subsequently, of his happiest strokes
of fortune. If he did not, like Dr. Franklin in Philadelphia,
march along the street munching a penny-loaf, it was only
because he had not the penny-loaf necessary to the performance.
In his darkest days he had had but one simple, practical impulse--
the desire, as he would have phrased it, to see the thing through.
He did so at last, buffeted his way into smooth waters,
and made money largely. It must be admitted, rather nakedly,
that Christopher Newman's sole aim in life had been to make money;
what he had been placed in the world for was, to his own perception,
simply to wrest a fortune, the bigger the better, from defiant opportunity.
This idea completely filled his horizon and satisfied his imagination.
Upon the uses of money, upon what one might do with a life
into which one had succeeded in injecting the golden stream,
he had up to his thirty-fifth year very scantily reflected.
Life had been for him an open game, and he had played for high stakes.
He had won at last and carried off his winnings; and now what was
he to do with them? He was a man to whom, sooner or later, the question
was sure to present itself, and the answer to it belongs to our story.
A vague sense that more answers were possible than his philosophy
had hitherto dreamt of had already taken possession of him, and it
seemed softly and agreeably to deepen as he lounged in this brilliant
corner of Paris with his friend.

"I must confess," he presently went on, "that here I don't feel at all smart.
My remarkable talents seem of no use. I feel as simple as a little child,
and a little child might take me by the hand and lead me about."

"Oh, I'll be your little child," said Tristram, jovially; "I'll take
you by the hand. Trust yourself to me"

"I am a good worker," Newman continued, "but I rather think
I am a poor loafer. I have come abroad to amuse myself,
but I doubt whether I know how."

"Oh, that's easily learned."

"Well, I may perhaps learn it, but I am afraid I shall never do it by rote.
I have the best will in the world about it, but my genius doesn't lie
in that direction. As a loafer I shall never be original, as I take it
that you are."

"Yes," said Tristram, "I suppose I am original; like all those immoral
pictures in the Louvre."

"Besides," Newman continued, "I don't want to work at pleasure,
any more than I played at work. I want to take it easily.
I feel deliciously lazy, and I should like to spend six months
as I am now, sitting under a tree and listening to a band.
There's only one thing; I want to hear some good music."

"Music and pictures! Lord, what refined tastes!
You are what my wife calls intellectual. I ain't, a bit.
But we can find something better for you to do than to sit
under a tree. To begin with, you must come to the club."

"What club?"

"The Occidental. You will see all the Americans there;
all the best of them, at least. Of course you play poker?"

"Oh, I say," cried Newman, with energy, "you are not going to lock
me up in a club and stick me down at a card-table! I haven't come
all this way for that."

"What the deuce HAVE you come for! You were glad enough to play
poker in St. Louis, I recollect, when you cleaned me out."

"I have come to see Europe, to get the best out of it I can.
I want to see all the great things, and do what the clever people do."

"The clever people? Much obliged. You set me down as a blockhead, then?"

Newman was sitting sidewise in his chair, with his elbow
on the back and his head leaning on his hand. Without moving
he looked a while at his companion with his dry, guarded,
half-inscrutable, and yet altogether good-natured smile.
"Introduce me to your wife!" he said at last.

Tristram bounced about in his chair. "Upon my word,
I won't. She doesn't want any help to turn up her nose at me,
nor do you, either!"

"I don't turn up my nose at you, my dear fellow; nor at any one,
or anything. I'm not proud, I assure you I'm not proud.
That's why I am willing to take example by the clever people."

"Well, if I'm not the rose, as they say here, I have lived near it.
I can show you some clever people, too. Do you know General Packard?
Do you know C. P. Hatch? Do you know Miss Kitty Upjohn?"

"I shall be happy to make their acquaintance; I want to cultivate society."

Tristram seemed restless and suspicious; he eyed his friend askance,
and then, "What are you up to, any way?" he demanded.
"Are you going to write a book?"

Christopher Newman twisted one end of his mustache a while,
in silence, and at last he made answer. "One day, a couple
of months ago, something very curious happened to me.
I had come on to New York on some important business; it was rather
a long story--a question of getting ahead of another party,
in a certain particular way, in the stock-market. This other party
had once played me a very mean trick. I owed him a grudge, I felt
awfully savage at the time, and I vowed that, when I got a chance,
I would, figuratively speaking, put his nose out of joint.
There was a matter of some sixty thousand dollars at stake.
If I put it out of his way, it was a blow the fellow would feel,
and he really deserved no quarter. I jumped into a hack and went
about my business, and it was in this hack--this immortal,
historical hack--that the curious thing I speak of occurred.
It was a hack like any other, only a trifle dirtier,
with a greasy line along the top of the drab cushions,
as if it had been used for a great many Irish funerals.
It is possible I took a nap; I had been traveling all night,
and though I was excited with my errand, I felt the want of sleep.
At all events I woke up suddenly, from a sleep or from a kind
of a reverie, with the most extraordinary feeling in the world--
a mortal disgust for the thing I was going to do. It came upon
me like THAT!" and he snapped his fingers--"as abruptly as an old
wound that begins to ache. I couldn't tell the meaning of it;
I only felt that I loathed the whole business and wanted to wash
my hands of it. The idea of losing that sixty thousand dollars,
of letting it utterly slide and scuttle and never hearing
of it again, seemed the sweetest thing in the world.
And all this took place quite independently of my will,
and I sat watching it as if it were a play at the theatre.
I could feel it going on inside of me. You may depend upon it
that there are things going on inside of us that we understand
mighty little about."

"Jupiter! you make my flesh creep!" cried Tristram.
"And while you sat in your hack, watching the play, as you call it,
the other man marched in and bagged your sixty thousand dollars?"

"I have not the least idea. I hope so, poor devil! but I never found out.
We pulled up in front of the place I was going to in Wall Street,
but I sat still in the carriage, and at last the driver scrambled down
off his seat to see whether his carriage had not turned into a hearse.
I couldn't have got out, any more than if I had been a corpse.
What was the matter with me? Momentary idiocy, you'll say.
What I wanted to get out of was Wall Street. I told the man
to drive down to the Brooklyn ferry and to cross over.
When we were over, I told him to drive me out into the country.
As I had told him originally to drive for dear life down town, I suppose
he thought me insane. Perhaps I was, but in that case I am insane still.
I spent the morning looking at the first green leaves on Long Island.
I was sick of business; I wanted to throw it all up and break
off short; I had money enough, or if I hadn't I ought to have.
I seemed to feel a new man inside my old skin, and I longed for a
new world. When you want a thing so very badly you had better treat
yourself to it. I didn't understand the matter, not in the least;
but I gave the old horse the bridle and let him find his way.
As soon as I could get out of the game I sailed for Europe.
That is how I come to be sitting here."

"You ought to have bought up that hack," said Tristram;
"it isn't a safe vehicle to have about. And you have really
sold out, then; you have retired from business?"

"I have made over my hand to a friend; when I feel disposed,
I can take up the cards again. I dare say that a twelvemonth hence
the operation will be reversed. The pendulum will swing back again.
I shall be sitting in a gondola or on a dromedary, and all of a sudden
I shall want to clear out. But for the present I am perfectly free.
I have even bargained that I am to receive no business letters."

"Oh, it's a real caprice de prince," said Tristram. "I back out; a poor
devil like me can't help you to spend such very magnificent leisure as that.
You should get introduced to the crowned heads."

Newman looked at him a moment, and then, with his easy smile,
"How does one do it?" he asked.

"Come, I like that!" cried Tristram. "It shows you are in earnest."

"Of course I am in earnest. Didn't I say I wanted the best?
I know the best can't be had for mere money, but I rather think
money will do a good deal. In addition, I am willing to take
a good deal of trouble."

"You are not bashful, eh?"

"I haven't the least idea. I want the biggest kind of entertainment
a man can get. People, places, art, nature, everything! I want
to see the tallest mountains, and the bluest lakes, and the finest
pictures and the handsomest churches, and the most celebrated men,
and the most beautiful women."

"Settle down in Paris, then. There are no mountains that I
know of, and the only lake is in the Bois du Boulogne,
and not particularly blue. But there is everything else:
plenty of pictures and churches, no end of celebrated men,
and several beautiful women."

"But I can't settle down in Paris at this season, just as summer
is coming on."

"Oh, for the summer go up to Trouville."

"What is Trouville?"

"The French Newport. Half the Americans go."

"Is it anywhere near the Alps?"

"About as near as Newport is to the Rocky Mountains."

"Oh, I want to see Mont Blanc," said Newman, "and Amsterdam,
and the Rhine, and a lot of places. Venice in particular.
I have great ideas about Venice."

"Ah," said Mr. Tristram, rising, "I see I shall have to introduce
you to my wife!"


He performed this ceremony on the following day, when, by appointment,
Christopher Newman went to dine with him. Mr. and Mrs. Tristram
lived behind one of those chalk-colored facades which decorate
with their pompous sameness the broad avenues manufactured
by Baron Haussmann in the neighborhood of the Arc de Triomphe.
Their apartment was rich in the modern conveniences, and Tristram
lost no time in calling his visitor's attention to their principal
household treasures, the gas-lamps and the furnace-holes.
"Whenever you feel homesick," he said, "you must come up here.
We'll stick you down before a register, under a good big burner, and--"

"And you will soon get over your homesickness," said Mrs. Tristram.

Her husband stared; his wife often had a tone which he found
inscrutable he could not tell for his life whether she was in jest
or in earnest. The truth is that circumstances had done much
to cultivate in Mrs. Tristram a marked tendency to irony.
Her taste on many points differed from that of her husband,
and though she made frequent concessions it must be
confessed that her concessions were not always graceful.
They were founded upon a vague project she had of some day
doing something very positive, something a trifle passionate.
What she meant to do she could by no means have told you;
but meanwhile, nevertheless, she was buying a good conscience,
by installments.

It should be added, without delay, to anticipate misconception,
that her little scheme of independence did not definitely
involve the assistance of another person, of the opposite sex;
she was not saving up virtue to cover the expenses of a flirtation.
For this there were various reasons. To begin with, she had
a very plain face and she was entirely without illusions as to
her appearance. She had taken its measure to a hair's breadth,
she knew the worst and the best, she had accepted herself.
It had not been, indeed, without a struggle. As a young girl she
had spent hours with her back to her mirror, crying her eyes out;
and later she had from desperation and bravado adopted
the habit of proclaiming herself the most ill-favored of women,
in order that she might--as in common politeness was inevitable--
be contradicted and reassured. It was since she had come to live
in Europe that she had begun to take the matter philosophically.
Her observation, acutely exercised here, had suggested to her that
a woman's first duty is not to be beautiful, but to be pleasing,
and she encountered so many women who pleased without beauty
that she began to feel that she had discovered her mission.
She had once heard an enthusiastic musician, out of patience
with a gifted bungler, declare that a fine voice is really
an obstacle to singing properly; and it occurred to her
that it might perhaps be equally true that a beautiful face
is an obstacle to the acquisition of charming manners.
Mrs. Tristram, then, undertook to be exquisitely agreeable,
and she brought to the task a really touching devotion.
How well she would have succeeded I am unable to say;
unfortunately she broke off in the middle. Her own excuse
was the want of encouragement in her immediate circle.
But I am inclined to think that she had not a real genius for
the matter, or she would have pursued the charming art for itself.
The poor lady was very incomplete. She fell back upon the harmonies
of the toilet, which she thoroughly understood, and contented
herself with dressing in perfection. She lived in Paris,
which she pretended to detest, because it was only in Paris
that one could find things to exactly suit one's complexion.
Besides out of Paris it was always more or less of a trouble to get
ten-button gloves. When she railed at this serviceable city
and you asked her where she would prefer to reside, she returned
some very unexpected answer. She would say in Copenhagen,
or in Barcelona; having, while making the tour of Europe,
spent a couple of days at each of these places. On the whole,
with her poetic furbelows and her misshapen, intelligent little face,
she was, when you knew her, a decidedly interesting woman.
She was naturally shy, and if she had been born a beauty,
she would (having no vanity) probably have remained shy.
Now, she was both diffident and importunate; extremely reserved
sometimes with her friends, and strangely expansive with strangers.
She despised her husband; despised him too much, for she had been
perfectly at liberty not to marry him. She had been in love
with a clever man who had slighted her, and she had married
a fool in the hope that this thankless wit, reflecting on it,
would conclude that she had no appreciation of merit, and that
he had flattered himself in supposing that she cared for his own.
Restless, discontented, visionary, without personal ambitions,
but with a certain avidity of imagination, she was,
as I have said before, eminently incomplete. She was full--
both for good and for ill--of beginnings that came to nothing;
but she had nevertheless, morally, a spark of the sacred fire.

Newman was fond, under all circumstances, of the society of women,
and now that he was out of his native element and deprived
of his habitual interests, he turned to it for compensation.
He took a great fancy to Mrs. Tristram; she frankly repaid it,
and after their first meeting he passed a great many hours in her
drawing-room. After two or three talks they were fast friends.
Newman's manner with women was peculiar, and it required some
ingenuity on a lady's part to discover that he admired her.
He had no gallantry, in the usual sense of the term; no compliments,
no graces, no speeches. Very fond of what is called chaffing,
in his dealings with men, he never found himself on a sofa beside
a member of the softer sex without feeling extremely serious.
He was not shy, and so far as awkwardness proceeds from a struggle
with shyness, he was not awkward; grave, attentive, submissive,
often silent, he was simply swimming in a sort of rapture of respect.
This emotion was not at all theoretic, it was not even in a high
degree sentimental; he had thought very little about the "position"
of women, and he was not familiar either sympathetically
or otherwise, with the image of a President in petticoats.
His attitude was simply the flower of his general good-nature,
and a part of his instinctive and genuinely democratic
assumption of every one's right to lead an easy life.
If a shaggy pauper had a right to bed and board and wages and
a vote, women, of course, who were weaker than paupers, and whose
physical tissue was in itself an appeal, should be maintained,
sentimentally, at the public expense. Newman was willing to be
taxed for this purpose, largely, in proportion to his means.
Moreover, many of the common traditions with regard to women were
with him fresh personal impressions; he had never read a novel!
He had been struck with their acuteness, their subtlety, their tact,
their felicity of judgment. They seemed to him exquisitely organized.
If it is true that one must always have in one's work here below
a religion, or at least an ideal, of some sort, Newman found
his metaphysical inspiration in a vague acceptance of final
responsibility to some illumined feminine brow.

He spent a great deal of time in listening to advice from
Mrs. Tristram; advice, it must be added, for which he had
never asked. He would have been incapable of asking for it,
for he had no perception of difficulties, and consequently
no curiosity about remedies. The complex Parisian world
about him seemed a very simple affair; it was an immense,
amazing spectacle, but it neither inflamed his imagination nor
irritated his curiosity. He kept his hands in his pockets,
looked on good-humoredly, desired to miss nothing important,
observed a great many things narrowly, and never reverted to himself.
Mrs. Tristram's "advice" was a part of the show, and a more
entertaining element, in her abundant gossip, than the others.
He enjoyed her talking about himself; it seemed a part of her
beautiful ingenuity; but he never made an application of
anything she said, or remembered it when he was away from her.
For herself, she appropriated him; he was the most interesting
thing she had had to think about in many a month.
She wished to do something with him--she hardly knew what.
There was so much of him; he was so rich and robust, so easy,
friendly, well-disposed, that he kept her fancy constantly
on the alert. For the present, the only thing she could do
was to like him. She told him that he was "horribly Western,"
but in this compliment the adverb was tinged with insincerity.
She led him about with her, introduced him to fifty people,
and took extreme satisfaction in her conquest. Newman accepted
every proposal, shook hands universally and promiscuously,
and seemed equally unfamiliar with trepidation or with elation.
Tom Tristram complained of his wife's avidity, and declared
that he could never have a clear five minutes with his friend.
If he had known how things were going to turn out,
he never would have brought him to the Avenue d'Iena. The
two men, formerly, had not been intimate, but Newman remembered
his earlier impression of his host, and did Mrs. Tristram,
who had by no means taken him into her confidence,
but whose secret he presently discovered, the justice
to admit that her husband was a rather degenerate mortal.
At twenty-five he had been a good fellow, and in this
respect he was unchanged; but of a man of his age one
expected something more. People said he was sociable,
but this was as much a matter of course as for a dipped sponge
to expand; and it was not a high order of sociability.
He was a great gossip and tattler, and to produce a laugh
would hardly have spared the reputation of his aged mother.
Newman had a kindness for old memories, but he found it impossible
not to perceive that Tristram was nowadays a very light weight.
His only aspirations were to hold out at poker, at his club,
to know the names of all the cocottes, to shake hands all round,
to ply his rosy gullet with truffles and champagne,
and to create uncomfortable eddies and obstructions
among the constituent atoms of the American colony.
He was shamefully idle, spiritless, sensual, snobbish.
He irritated our friend by the tone of his allusions to their
native country, and Newman was at a loss to understand why
the United States were not good enough for Mr. Tristram.
He had never been a very conscious patriot, but it vexed
him to see them treated as little better than a vulgar
smell in his friend's nostrils, and he finally broke out
and swore that they were the greatest country in the world,
that they could put all Europe into their breeches'
pockets, and that an American who spoke ill of them ought
to be carried home in irons and compelled to live in Boston.
(This, for Newman was putting it very vindictively.)
Tristram was a comfortable man to snub, he bore no malice,
and he continued to insist on Newman's finishing his evening
at the Occidental Club.

Christopher Newman dined several times in the Avenue d'Iena, and his
host always proposed an early adjournment to this institution.
Mrs. Tristram protested, and declared that her husband exhausted
his ingenuity in trying to displease her.

"Oh no, I never try, my love," he answered. "I know you loathe
me quite enough when I take my chance."

Newman hated to see a husband and wife on these terms,
and he was sure one or other of them must be very unhappy.
He knew it was not Tristram. Mrs. Tristram had a balcony
before her windows, upon which, during the June evenings,
she was fond of sitting, and Newman used frankly
to say that he preferred the balcony to the club.
It had a fringe of perfumed plants in tubs, and enabled you
to look up the broad street and see the Arch of Triumph vaguely
massing its heroic sculptures in the summer starlight.
Sometimes Newman kept his promise of following Mr. Tristram,
in half an hour, to the Occidental, and sometimes he forgot it.
His hostess asked him a great many questions about himself,
but on this subject he was an indifferent talker.
He was not what is called subjective, though when he felt that her
interest was sincere, he made an almost heroic attempt to be.
He told her a great many things he had done, and regaled her
with anecdotes of Western life; she was from Philadelphia,
and with her eight years in Paris, talked of herself
as a languid Oriental. But some other person was always
the hero of the tale, by no means always to his advantage;
and Newman's own emotions were but scantily chronicled.
She had an especial wish to know whether he had ever been
in love--seriously, passionately--and, failing to gather any
satisfaction from his allusions, she at last directly inquired.
He hesitated a while, and at last he said, "No!" She declared
that she was delighted to hear it, as it confirmed her private
conviction that he was a man of no feeling.

"Really?" he asked, very gravely. "Do you think so?
How do you recognize a man of feeling?"

"I can't make out," said Mrs. Tristram, "whether you are very simple
or very deep."

"I'm very deep. That's a fact."

"I believe that if I were to tell you with a certain air that you
have no feeling, you would implicitly believe me."

"A certain air?" said Newman. "Try it and see."

"You would believe me, but you would not care," said Mrs. Tristram.

"You have got it all wrong. I should care immensely, but I shouldn't
believe you. The fact is I have never had time to feel things.
I have had to DO them, to make myself felt."

"I can imagine that you may have done that tremendously, sometimes."

"Yes, there's no mistake about that."

"When you are in a fury it can't be pleasant."

"I am never in a fury."

"Angry, then, or displeased."

"I am never angry, and it is so long since I have been displeased
that I have quite forgotten it."

"I don't believe," said Mrs. Tristram, "that you are never angry.
A man ought to be angry sometimes, and you are neither good enough
nor bad enough always to keep your temper."

"I lose it perhaps once in five years."

"The time is coming round, then," said his hostess.
"Before I have known you six months I shall see you in
a fine fury."

"Do you mean to put me into one?"

"I should not be sorry. You take things too coolly.
It exasperates me. And then you are too happy. You have what must
be the most agreeable thing in the world, the consciousness
of having bought your pleasure beforehand and paid for it.
You have not a day of reckoning staring you in the face.
Your reckonings are over."

"Well, I suppose I am happy," said Newman, meditatively.

"You have been odiously successful."

"Successful in copper," said Newman, "only so-so in railroads,
and a hopeless fizzle in oil."

"It is very disagreeable to know how Americans have made their money.
Now you have the world before you. You have only to enjoy."

"Oh, I suppose I am very well off," said Newman. "Only I am tired
of having it thrown up at me. Besides, there are several drawbacks.
I am not intellectual."

"One doesn't expect it of you," Mrs. Tristram answered.
Then in a moment, "Besides, you are!"

"Well, I mean to have a good time, whether or no," said Newman.
"I am not cultivated, I am not even educated; I know nothing
about history, or art, or foreign tongues, or any other learned matters.
But I am not a fool, either, and I shall undertake to know
something about Europe by the time I have done with it.
I feel something under my ribs here," he added in a moment,
"that I can't explain--a sort of a mighty hankering, a desire
to stretch out and haul in."

"Bravo!" said Mrs. Tristram, "that is very fine.
You are the great Western Barbarian, stepping forth in his
innocence and might, gazing a while at this poor effete Old
World and then swooping down on it."

"Oh, come," said Newman. "I am not a barbarian, by a good deal.
I am very much the reverse. I have seen barbarians;
I know what they are."

"I don't mean that you are a Comanche chief, or that you wear
a blanket and feathers. There are different shades."

"I am a highly civilized man," said Newman. "I stick to that.
If you don't believe it, I should like to prove it to you."

Mrs. Tristram was silent a while. "I should like to make you prove it,"
she said, at last. "I should like to put you in a difficult place."

"Pray do," said Newman.

"That has a little conceited sound!" his companion rejoined.

"Oh," said Newman, "I have a very good opinion of myself."

"I wish I could put it to the test. Give me time and I will."
And Mrs. Tristram remained silent for some time afterwards,
as if she was trying to keep her pledge. It did not appear that
evening that she succeeded; but as he was rising to take his leave
she passed suddenly, as she was very apt to do, from the tone
of unsparing persiflage to that of almost tremulous sympathy.
"Speaking seriously," she said, "I believe in you, Mr. Newman.
You flatter my patriotism."

"Your patriotism?" Christopher demanded.

"Even so. It would take too long to explain, and you probably would
not understand. Besides, you might take it--really, you might take
it for a declaration. But it has nothing to do with you personally;
it's what you represent. Fortunately you don't know all that,
or your conceit would increase insufferably."

Newman stood staring and wondering what under the sun he "represented."

"Forgive all my meddlesome chatter and forget my advice.
It is very silly in me to undertake to tell you what to do.
When you are embarrassed, do as you think best, and you will do very well.
When you are in a difficulty, judge for yourself."

"I shall remember everything you have told me," said Newman.
"There are so many forms and ceremonies over here--"

"Forms and ceremonies are what I mean, of course."

"Ah, but I want to observe them," said Newman.
"Haven't I as good a right as another? They don't
scare me, and you needn't give me leave to violate them.
I won't take it."

"That is not what I mean. I mean, observe them in your own way.
Settle nice questions for yourself. Cut the knot or untie it,
as you choose."

"Oh, I am sure I shall never fumble over it!" said Newman.

The next time that he dined in the Avenue d'Iena was a Sunday,
a day on which Mr. Tristram left the cards unshuffled,
so that there was a trio in the evening on the balcony.
The talk was of many things, and at last Mrs. Tristram suddenly
observed to Christopher Newman that it was high time he should
take a wife.

"Listen to her; she has the audacity!" said Tristram, who on Sunday
evenings was always rather acrimonious.

"I don't suppose you have made up your mind not to marry?"
Mrs. Tristram continued.

"Heaven forbid!" cried Newman. "I am sternly resolved on it."

"It's very easy," said Tristram; "fatally easy!"

"Well, then, I suppose you do not mean to wait till you are fifty."

"On the contrary, I am in a great hurry."

"One would never suppose it. Do you expect a lady to come
and propose to you?"

"No; I am willing to propose. I think a great deal about it."

"Tell me some of your thoughts."

"Well," said Newman, slowly, "I want to marry very well."

"Marry a woman of sixty, then," said Tristram.

"'Well' in what sense?"

"In every sense. I shall be hard to please."

"You must remember that, as the French proverb says, the most beautiful
girl in the world can give but what she has."

"Since you ask me," said Newman, "I will say frankly that I want extremely
to marry. It is time, to begin with: before I know it I shall be forty.
And then I'm lonely and helpless and dull. But if I marry now, so long as I
didn't do it in hot haste when I was twenty, I must do it with my eyes open.
I want to do the thing in handsome style. I do not only want to make
no mistakes, but I want to make a great hit. I want to take my pick.
My wife must be a magnificent woman."

"Voila ce qui s'appelle parler!" cried Mrs. Tristram.

"Oh, I have thought an immense deal about it."

"Perhaps you think too much. The best thing is simply to fall in love."

"When I find the woman who pleases me, I shall love her enough.
My wife shall be very comfortable."

"You are superb! There's a chance for the magnificent women."

"You are not fair." Newman rejoined. "You draw a fellow out and put
him off guard, and then you laugh at him."

"I assure you," said Mrs. Tristram, "that I am very serious.
To prove it, I will make you a proposal. Should you like me,
as they say here, to marry you?"

"To hunt up a wife for me?"

"She is already found. I will bring you together."

"Oh, come," said Tristram, "we don't keep a matrimonial bureau.
He will think you want your commission."

"Present me to a woman who comes up to my notions," said Newman,
"and I will marry her tomorrow."

"You have a strange tone about it, and I don't quite understand you.
I didn't suppose you would be so coldblooded and calculating."

Newman was silent a while. "Well," he said, at last,
"I want a great woman. I stick to that. That's one thing I
CAN treat myself to, and if it is to be had I mean to have it.
What else have I toiled and struggled for, all these years?
I have succeeded, and now what am I to do with my success?
To make it perfect, as I see it, there must be a beautiful
woman perched on the pile, like a statue on a monument.
She must be as good as she is beautiful, and as clever as she is good.
I can give my wife a good deal, so I am not afraid to ask a good
deal myself. She shall have everything a woman can desire;
I shall not even object to her being too good for me;
she may be cleverer and wiser than I can understand, and I shall
only be the better pleased. I want to possess, in a word,
the best article in the market."

"Why didn't you tell a fellow all this at the outset?" Tristram demanded.
"I have been trying so to make you fond of ME!"

"This is very interesting," said Mrs. Tristram.
"I like to see a man know his own mind."

"I have known mine for a long time," Newman went on.
"I made up my mind tolerably early in life that a beautiful
wife was the thing best worth having, here below.
It is the greatest victory over circumstances. When I say beautiful,
I mean beautiful in mind and in manners, as well as in person.
It is a thing every man has an equal right to; he may get it if he can.
He doesn't have to be born with certain faculties, on purpose;
he needs only to be a man. Then he needs only to use his will,
and such wits as he has, and to try."

"It strikes me that your marriage is to be rather a matter of vanity."

"Well, it is certain," said Newman, "that if people notice my wife
and admire her, I shall be mightily tickled."

"After this," cried Mrs. Tristram, "call any man modest!"

"But none of them will admire her so much as I."

"I see you have a taste for splendor."

Newman hesitated a little; and then, "I honestly believe I have!" he said.

"And I suppose you have already looked about you a good deal."

"A good deal, according to opportunity."

"And you have seen nothing that satisfied you?"

"No," said Newman, half reluctantly, "I am bound to say in honesty
that I have seen nothing that really satisfied me."

"You remind me of the heroes of the French romantic poets,
Rolla and Fortunio and all those other insatiable gentlemen
for whom nothing in this world was handsome enough.
But I see you are in earnest, and I should like to help you."

"Who the deuce is it, darling, that you are going to put upon him?"
Tristram cried. "We know a good many pretty girls, thank Heaven,
but magnificent women are not so common."

"Have you any objections to a foreigner?" his wife continued,
addressing Newman, who had tilted back his chair and, with his
feet on a bar of the balcony railing and his hands in his pockets,
was looking at the stars.

"No Irish need apply," said Tristram.

Newman meditated a while. "As a foreigner, no," he said at last;
"I have no prejudices."

"My dear fellow, you have no suspicions!" cried Tristram.
"You don't know what terrible customers these foreign women are;
especially the 'magnificent' ones. How should you like a
fair Circassian, with a dagger in her belt?"

Newman administered a vigorous slap to his knee. "I would marry a Japanese,
if she pleased me," he affirmed.

"We had better confine ourselves to Europe," said Mrs. Tristram.
"The only thing is, then, that the person be in herself to your taste?"

"She is going to offer you an unappreciated governess!" Tristram groaned.

"Assuredly. I won't deny that, other things being equal,
I should prefer one of my own countrywomen. We should
speak the same language, and that would be a comfort.
But I am not afraid of a foreigner. Besides, I rather like the idea
of taking in Europe, too. It enlarges the field of selection.
When you choose from a greater number, you can bring your choice
to a finer point!"

"You talk like Sardanapalus!" exclaimed Tristram.

"You say all this to the right person," said Newman's hostess.
"I happen to number among my friends the loveliest woman in the world.
Neither more nor less. I don't say a very charming person or a very
estimable woman or a very great beauty; I say simply the loveliest
woman in the world."

"The deuce!" cried Tristram, "you have kept very quiet about her.
Were you afraid of me?"

"You have seen her," said his wife, "but you have no perception
of such merit as Claire's."

"Ah, her name is Claire? I give it up."

"Does your friend wish to marry?" asked Newman.

"Not in the least. It is for you to make her change her mind.
It will not be easy; she has had one husband, and he gave her a low
opinion of the species."

"Oh, she is a widow, then?" said Newman.

"Are you already afraid? She was married at eighteen,
by her parents, in the French fashion, to a disagreeable old man.
But he had the good taste to die a couple of years afterward,
and she is now twenty-five."

"So she is French?"

"French by her father, English by her mother. She is really more
English than French, and she speaks English as well as you or I--
or rather much better. She belongs to the very top of the basket,
as they say here. Her family, on each side, is of fabulous antiquity;
her mother is the daughter of an English Catholic earl. Her father is dead,
and since her widowhood she has lived with her mother and a married brother.
There is another brother, younger, who I believe is wild.
They have an old hotel in the Rue de l'Universite, but their fortune
is small, and they make a common household, for economy's sake.
When I was a girl I was put into a convent here for my education,
while my father made the tour of Europe. It was a silly thing to do
with me, but it had the advantage that it made me acquainted with Claire
de Bellegarde. She was younger than I but we became fast friends.
I took a tremendous fancy to her, and she returned my passion as far
as she could. They kept such a tight rein on her that she could
do very little, and when I left the convent she had to give me up.
I was not of her monde; I am not now, either, but we sometimes meet.
They are terrible people--her monde; all mounted upon stilts a mile high,
and with pedigrees long in proportion. It is the skim of the milk of
the old noblesse. Do you know what a Legitimist is, or an Ultramontane?
Go into Madame de Cintre's drawing-room some afternoon, at five
o'clock, and you will see the best preserved specimens. I say go,
but no one is admitted who can't show his fifty quarterings."

"And this is the lady you propose to me to marry?" asked Newman.
"A lady I can't even approach?"

"But you said just now that you recognized no obstacles."

Newman looked at Mrs. Tristram a while, stroking his mustache.
"Is she a beauty?" he demanded.


"Oh, then it's no use--"

"She is not a beauty, but she is beautiful, two very different things.
A beauty has no faults in her face, the face of a beautiful woman may
have faults that only deepen its charm."

"I remember Madame de Cintre, now," said Tristram.
"She is as plain as a pike-staff. A man wouldn't look
at her twice."

"In saying that HE would not look at her twice, my husband sufficiently
describes her," Mrs. Tristram rejoined.

"Is she good; is she clever?" Newman asked.

"She is perfect! I won't say more than that.
When you are praising a person to another who is to know her,
it is bad policy to go into details. I won't exaggerate.
I simply recommend her. Among all women I have known she
stands alone; she is of a different clay."

"I should like to see her," said Newman, simply.

"I will try to manage it. The only way will be to invite her to dinner.
I have never invited her before, and I don't know that she will come.
Her old feudal countess of a mother rules the family with an iron hand,
and allows her to have no friends but of her own choosing, and to visit
only in a certain sacred circle. But I can at least ask her."

At this moment Mrs. Tristram was interrupted; a servant stepped out upon
the balcony and announced that there were visitors in the drawing-room.
When Newman's hostess had gone in to receive her friends, Tom Tristram
approached his guest.

"Don't put your foot into THIS, my boy," he said, puffing the last whiffs
of his cigar. "There's nothing in it!"

Newman looked askance at him, inquisitive. "You tell another story, eh?"

"I say simply that Madame de Cintre is a great white doll of a woman,
who cultivates quiet haughtiness."

"Ah, she's haughty, eh?"

"She looks at you as if you were so much thin air, and cares
for you about as much."

"She is very proud, eh?"

"Proud? As proud as I'm humble."

"And not good-looking?"

Tristram shrugged his shoulders: "It's a kind of beauty you must be
INTELLECTUAL to understand. But I must go in and amuse the company."

Some time elapsed before Newman followed his friends into
the drawing-room. When he at last made his appearance there
he remained but a short time, and during this period sat
perfectly silent, listening to a lady to whom Mrs. Tristram had
straightway introduced him and who chattered, without a pause,
with the full force of an extraordinarily high-pitched voice.
Newman gazed and attended. Presently he came to bid good-night
to Mrs. Tristram.

"Who is that lady?" he asked.

"Miss Dora Finch. How do you like her?"

"She's too noisy."

"She is thought so bright! Certainly, you are fastidious,"
said Mrs. Tristram.

Newman stood a moment, hesitating. Then at last "Don't forget about
your friend," he said, "Madame What's-her-name? the proud beauty.
Ask her to dinner, and give me a good notice." And with this he departed.

Some days later he came back; it was in the afternoon.
He found Mrs. Tristram in her drawing-room; with her was a visitor,
a woman young and pretty, dressed in white. The two ladies
had risen and the visitor was apparently taking her leave.
As Newman approached, he received from Mrs. Tristram a glance
of the most vivid significance, which he was not immediately
able to interpret.

"This is a good friend of ours," she said, turning to her companion,
"Mr. Christopher Newman. I have spoken of you to him
and he has an extreme desire to make your acquaintance.
If you had consented to come and dine, I should have offered
him an opportunity."

The stranger turned her face toward Newman, with a smile.
He was not embarrassed, for his unconscious sang-froid
was boundless; but as he became aware that this was the proud
and beautiful Madame de Cintre, the loveliest woman
in the world, the promised perfection, the proposed ideal,
he made an instinctive movement to gather his wits together.
Through the slight preoccupation that it produced he had
a sense of a long, fair face, and of two eyes that were both
brilliant and mild.

"I should have been most happy," said Madame de Cintre.
"Unfortunately, as I have been telling Mrs. Tristram,
I go on Monday to the country."

Newman had made a solemn bow. "I am very sorry," he said.

"Paris is getting too warm," Madame de Cintre added, taking her friend's
hand again in farewell.

Mrs. Tristram seemed to have formed a sudden and somewhat
venturesome resolution, and she smiled more intensely, as women
do when they take such resolution. "I want Mr. Newman to know you,"
she said, dropping her head on one side and looking at Madame de
Cintre's bonnet ribbons.

Christopher Newman stood gravely silent, while his native
penetration admonished him. Mrs. Tristram was determined
to force her friend to address him a word of encouragement which
should be more than one of the common formulas of politeness;
and if she was prompted by charity, it was by the charity
that begins at home. Madame de Cintre was her dearest Claire,
and her especial admiration but Madame de Cintre had found it
impossible to dine with her and Madame de Cintre should for once
be forced gently to render tribute to Mrs. Tristram.

"It would give me great pleasure," she said, looking at Mrs. Tristram.

"That's a great deal," cried the latter, "for Madame de Cintre to say!"

"I am very much obliged to you," said Newman. "Mrs. Tristram
can speak better for me than I can speak for myself."

Madame de Cintre looked at him again, with the same soft brightness.
"Are you to be long in Paris?" she asked.

"We shall keep him," said Mrs. Tristram.

"But you are keeping ME!" and Madame de Cintre shook her friend's hand.

"A moment longer," said Mrs. Tristram.

Madame de Cintre looked at Newman again; this time without her smile.
Her eyes lingered a moment. "Will you come and see me?" she asked.

Mrs. Tristram kissed her. Newman expressed his thanks,
and she took her leave. Her hostess went with her to the door,
and left Newman alone a moment. Presently she returned,
rubbing her hands. "It was a fortunate chance," she said.
"She had come to decline my invitation. You triumphed on
the spot, making her ask you, at the end of three minutes,
to her house."

"It was you who triumphed," said Newman. "You must not be too
hard upon her."

Mrs. Tristram stared. "What do you mean?"

"She did not strike me as so proud. I should say she was shy."

"You are very discriminating. And what do you think of her face?"

"It's handsome!" said Newman.

"I should think it was! Of course you will go and see her."

"To-morrow!" cried Newman.

"No, not to-morrow; the next day. That will be Sunday; she leaves Paris
on Monday. If you don't see her; it will at least be a beginning."
And she gave him Madame de Cintre's address.

He walked across the Seine, late in the summer afternoon,
and made his way through those gray and silent streets
of the Faubourg St. Germain whose houses present to the outer
world a face as impassive and as suggestive of the concentration
of privacy within as the blank walls of Eastern seraglios.
Newman thought it a queer way for rich people to live;
his ideal of grandeur was a splendid facade diffusing
its brilliancy outward too, irradiating hospitality.
The house to which he had been directed had a dark, dusty,
painted portal, which swung open in answer to his ring.
It admitted him into a wide, graveled court, surrounded on three
sides with closed windows, and with a doorway facing the street,
approached by three steps and surmounted by a tin canopy.
The place was all in the shade; it answered to Newman's conception
of a convent. The portress could not tell him whether Madame de
Cintre was visible; he would please to apply at the farther door.
He crossed the court; a gentleman was sitting, bareheaded,
on the steps of the portico, playing with a beautiful pointer.
He rose as Newman approached, and, as he laid his hand upon
the bell, said with a smile, in English, that he was afraid Newman
would be kept waiting; the servants were scattered, he himself
had been ringing, he didn't know what the deuce was in them.
He was a young man, his English was excellent, and his smile
very frank. Newman pronounced the name of Madame de Cintre.

"I think," said the young man, "that my sister is visible.
Come in, and if you will give me your card I will carry it
to her myself."

Newman had been accompanied on his present errand by a slight sentiment,
I will not say of defiance--a readiness for aggression or defense,
as they might prove needful--but of reflection, good-humored suspicion.
He took from his pocket, while he stood on the portico, a card
upon which, under his name, he had written the words "San Francisco,"
and while he presented it he looked warily at his interlocutor.
His glance was singularly reassuring; he liked the young man's face;
it strongly resembled that of Madame de Cintre. He was evidently
her brother. The young man, on his side, had made a rapid inspection
of Newman's person. He had taken the card and was about to enter
the house with it when another figure appeared on the threshold--
an older man, of a fine presence, wearing evening dress.
He looked hard at Newman, and Newman looked at him. "Madame de Cintre,"
the younger man repeated, as an introduction of the visitor.
The other took the card from his hand, read it in a rapid glance,
looked again at Newman from head to foot, hesitated a moment,
and then said, gravely but urbanely, "Madame de Cintre is not at home."

The younger man made a gesture, and then, turning to Newman,
"I am very sorry, sir," he said.

Newman gave him a friendly nod, to show that he bore him no malice,
and retraced his steps. At the porter's lodge he stopped;
the two men were still standing on the portico.

"Who is the gentleman with the dog?" he asked of the old woman
who reappeared. He had begun to learn French.

"That is Monsieur le Comte."

"And the other?"

"That is Monsieur le Marquis."

"A marquis?" said Christopher in English, which the old woman fortunately
did not understand. "Oh, then he's not the butler!"


Early one morning, before Christopher Newman was dressed, a little old
man was ushered into his apartment, followed by a youth in a blouse,
bearing a picture in a brilliant frame. Newman, among the distractions
of Paris, had forgotten M. Nioche and his accomplished daughter;
but this was an effective reminder.

"I am afraid you had given me up, sir," said the old man, after many
apologies and salutations. "We have made you wait so many days.
You accused us, perhaps, of inconstancy of bad faith.
But behold me at last! And behold also the pretty Madonna.
Place it on a chair, my friend, in a good light, so that monsieur
may admire it." And M. Nioche, addressing his companion,
helped him to dispose the work of art.

It had been endued with a layer of varnish an inch thick and
its frame, of an elaborate pattern, was at least a foot wide.
It glittered and twinkled in the morning light, and looked,
to Newman's eyes, wonderfully splendid and precious. It seemed to him
a very happy purchase, and he felt rich in the possession of it.
He stood looking at it complacently, while he proceeded with his toilet,
and M. Nioche, who had dismissed his own attendant, hovered near,
smiling and rubbing his hands.

"It has wonderful finesse," he murmured, caressingly. "And here
and there are marvelous touches, you probably perceive them, sir.
It attracted great attention on the Boulevard, as we came along.
And then a gradation of tones! That's what it is to know how to paint.
I don't say it because I am her father, sir; but as one man of taste
addressing another I cannot help observing that you have there an
exquisite work. It is hard to produce such things and to have to part
with them. If our means only allowed us the luxury of keeping it!
I really may say, sir--" and M. Nioche gave a little feebly
insinuating laugh--"I really may say that I envy you! You see,"
he added in a moment, "we have taken the liberty of offering you a frame.
It increases by a trifle the value of the work, and it will save
you the annoyance--so great for a person of your delicacy--
of going about to bargain at the shops."

The language spoken by M. Nioche was a singular compound, which I shrink
from the attempt to reproduce in its integrity. He had apparently once
possessed a certain knowledge of English, and his accent was oddly tinged
with the cockneyism of the British metropolis. But his learning had grown
rusty with disuse, and his vocabulary was defective and capricious.
He had repaired it with large patches of French, with words anglicized
by a process of his own, and with native idioms literally translated.
The result, in the form in which he in all humility presented it,
would be scarcely comprehensible to the reader, so that I have ventured
to trim and sift it. Newman only half understood it, but it amused him,
and the old man's decent forlornness appealed to his democratic instincts.
The assumption of a fatality in misery always irritated his strong
good nature--it was almost the only thing that did so; and he felt the impulse
to wipe it out, as it were, with the sponge of his own prosperity.
The papa of Mademoiselle Noemie, however, had apparently on this occasion
been vigorously indoctrinated, and he showed a certain tremulous eagerness
to cultivate unexpected opportunities.

"How much do I owe you, then, with the frame?" asked Newman.

"It will make in all three thousand francs," said the old man,
smiling agreeably, but folding his hands in instinctive suppliance.

"Can you give me a receipt?"

"I have brought one," said M. Nioche. "I took the liberty of drawing
it up, in case monsieur should happen to desire to discharge his debt."
And he drew a paper from his pocket-book and presented it to his patron.
The document was written in a minute, fantastic hand, and couched
in the choicest language.

Newman laid down the money, and M. Nioche dropped the napoleons one by one,
solemnly and lovingly, into an old leathern purse.

Book of the day: