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The 1995 CIA World Factbook

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Denmark, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland,
Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Russia,
Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United
States

countries that have signed, but not yet ratified -- (3) Belgium,
Greece, Poland

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution
concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or Their
Transboundary Fluxes

note -- abbreviated as Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds

opened for signature -- 18 November 1991, but not yet in force

objective -- to provide for the control and reduction of emissions of
volatile organic compounds in order to reduce their transboundary
fluxes so as to protect human health and the environment from adverse
effects

parties -- (11) Austria, Finland, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

countries that have signed, but not yet ratified -- (12) Belgium,
Bulgaria, Canada, Denmark, European Union, France, Greece, Hungary,
Italy, Portugal, Ukraine, United States

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on
Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions

note -- abbreviated as Air Pollution-Sulphur 94

opened for signature -- 14 June 1994, but not yet in force

objective -- to provide for a further reduction in sulfur emissions or
transboundary fluxes

parties -- (0)

countries that have signed, but not yet ratified -- (28) Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, European
Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy,
Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United
Kingdom

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on
the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or their Transboundary Fluxes by at least
30%

note -- abbreviated as Air Pollution-Sulphur 85

opened for signature -- 8 July 1985

entered into force -- 2 September 1987

objective -- to provide for a 30% reduction in sulfur emissions or
transboundary fluxes by 1993

parties -- (21) Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy,
Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Slovakia,
Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine

Ship Pollution

see -- Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for
the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)

Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and
Under Water

note -- abbreviated as Nuclear Test Ban

opened for signature -- 5 August 1963

entered into force -- 10 October 1963

objective -- to obtain an agreement on general and complete
disarmament under strict international control in accordance with the
objectives of the United Nations; to put an end to the armaments race
and eliminate incentives for the production and testing of all kinds
of weapons, including nuclear weapons

parties -- (125) Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia,
Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin,
Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Burma, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,
China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana,
Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg,
Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico,
Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru,
Philippines, Poland, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, San Marino, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa,
Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,
Turkey, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States, Ukraine, Uruguay,
Venezuela, Western Samoa, Yemen, former Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia

countries that have signed, but not yet ratified -- (11) Algeria,
Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Haiti, Mali, Paraguay, Portugal,
Somalia, Vietnam

Tropical Timber 83

see -- International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983

Tropical Timber 94

see -- International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS)

note -- abbreviated as Law of the Sea

opened for signature -- 10 December 1982

entered into force -- 16 November 1994

objective -- to set up a comprehensive new legal regime for the sea
and oceans; to include rules concerning environmental standards as
well as enforcement provisions dealing with pollution of the marine
environment

parties -- (72) Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas,
Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba,
Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Egypt, Fiji, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana,
Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia,
Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius,
Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman,
Paraguay, Philippines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Uruguay,
Vietnam, Yemen, former Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

countries that have signed, but not yet ratified -- (91) Afghanistan,
Algeria, Argentina, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin,
Bhutan, Bolivia, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia,
Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo,
Cook Islands, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, El
Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, European Union, Finland,
France, Gabon, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hungary, India, Iran,
Ireland, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia,
Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mauritania, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nauru,
Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Niue, Norway,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,
Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Solomon Islands, South Africa,
Spain, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tuvalu,
Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Western Samoa

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries
Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa

note -- abbreviated as Desertification

opened for signature -- 14 October 1994, but not yet in force

objective -- to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of
drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term
strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership
arrangements

parties -- (1) Mexico

countries that have signed, but not yet ratified -- (104) Algeria,
Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia,
Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia,
Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,
China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote dIvoire, Croatia,
Cuba, Denmark, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea,
Ethiopia, European Union, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany,
Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan,
Kenya, South Korea, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Luxembourg, Madagascar,
Malawi, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Mongolia,
Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway,
Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Saint Vincent
and the Grenadines, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa,
Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia,
Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States,
Uzbekistan, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe; note - some late changes not
included under country entries

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

note -- abbreviated as Climate Change

opened for signature -- 9 May 1992

entered into force -- 21 March 1994

objective -- to achieve stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations
in the atmosphere at a low enough level to prevent dangerous
anthropogenic interference with the climate system

parties -- (119) Albania, Algeria, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina,
Armenia, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina, Burma,
Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa
Rica, Cote dIvoire, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Ecuador,
Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, European Union, Fiji, Finland, France,
Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Guyana, Hungary,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Liechtenstein,
Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Monaco,
Mongolia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway,
Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, San
Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Slovakia, Solomon Islands,
Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Tuvulu, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States,
Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Samoa,
Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

countries that have signed, but not yet ratified -- (54) Afghanistan,
Angola, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bhutan, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cape
Verde, Central African Republic, Colombia, Congo, Croatia, Cyprus,
Djibouti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala,
Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Honduras, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kiribati,
Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Moldova,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Oman, Panama, Rwanda,
Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, South
Africa, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Ukraine, Yemen, former
Yugoslavia

Wetlands

see -- Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially
As Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar)

Whaling

see -- International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

________________________________________________________________________

APPENDIX F:

Weights and Measures

Mathematical Notation

Exponents immediately follow the ^ symbol throughout this appendix.

Mathematical Power Name

10^18 or 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 one quintillion

10^15 or 1,000,000,000,000,000 one quadrillion

10^12 or 1,000,000,000,000 one trillion

10^9 or 1,000,000,000 one billion

10^6 or 1,000,000 one million

10^3 or 1,000 one thousand

10^2 or 100 one hundred

10^1 or 10 ten

10^0 or 1 one

10-^1 or 0.1 one-tenth

10-^2 or 0.01 one-hundredth

10-^3 or 0.001 one-thousandth

10-^6 or 0.000 001 one-millionth

10-^9 or 0.000 000 001 one-billionth

10-^12 or 0.000 000 000 001 one-trillionth

10-^15 or 0.000 000 000 000 001 one-quadrillionth

10-^18 or 0.000 000 000 000 000 00 one-quintillionth

Metric Interrelationships

Conversions from a multiple or submultiple to the basic units of
meters, liters, or grams can be done using the table. For example, to
convert from kilometers to meters, multiply by 1,000 (9.26 kilometers
equals 9,260 meters) or to convert from meters to kilometers, multiply
by 0.001 (9,260 meters equals 9.26 kilometers).

Prefix Symbol Length, weight,
or capacity Area Volume

exa E 10^18 10^36 10^54

peta P 10^15 10^30 10^45

tera T 10^12 10^24 10^36

giga G 10^9 10^18 10^27

mega M 10^6 10^12 10^18

hectokilo hk 10^5 10^10 10^15

myria ma 10^4 10^8 10^12

kilo k 10^3 10^6 10^9

hecto h 10^2 10^4 10^6

basic unit - 1 meter, 1 meter^2 1 meter^3
1 gram,
1 liter

deci d 10-^1 10-^2 10-^3

centi c 10-^2 10-^4 10-^6

milli m 10-^3 10-^6 10-^9

decimilli dm 10-^4 10-^8 10-^12

centimilli cm 10-^5 10-^10 10-^15

micro u 10-^6 10-^12 10-^18

nano n 10-^9 10-^18 10-^27

pico p 10-^12 10-^24 10-^36

femto f 10-^15 10-^30 10-^45

atto a 10-^18 10-^36 10-^54

Equivalents

Units Metric Equivalent US Equivalent

acre 0.404 685 64 hectares 43,560 feet^2

acre 4,046,856 4 meters^2 4,840 yards^2

acre 0.004 046 856 4 0.001 562 5 miles^2,
kilometers^2 statute

are 100 meters^2 119.599 yards^2

barrel
(petroleum, US) 158.987 29 liters 42 gallons

(proof spirits, US) 151.416 47 liters 40 gallons

(beer, US) 117.347 77 liters 31 gallons

bushel 35.239 07 liters 4 pecks

cable 219.456 meters 120 fathoms

chain (surveyor's) 20.116 8 meters 66 feet

cord (wood) 3.624 556 meters^3 128 feet^3

cup 0.236 588 2 liters 8 ounces, liquid (US)

degrees, Celsius (water boils at 100 multiply by 1.8 and add 32
degrees C, freezes at to obtain degrees F
0 degrees C)

degrees, Fahrenheit subtract 32 and divide water boils at 212 degrees
by 1.8 to obtain F, freezes at 32 degrees F)
degrees C

dram, avdp. 1.771 845 2 grams 0.0625 5 ounces, avdp.

dram, troy 3.887 934 6 grams 0.125 ounces, troy

dram, liquid (US) 3.696 69 milliliters 0.125 ounces, liquid

fathom 1.828 8 meters 6 feet

foot 30.48 centimeters 12 inches

foot 0.304 8 meters 0.333 333 3 yards

foot 0.000 304 8 kilometers 0.000 189 39 miles, statute

foot^2 929.030 4 centimeters^2 144 inches^2

foot^2 0.092 903 04 meters^2 0.111 111 1 yards^2

foot^3 28.316 846 592 liters 7.480 519 gallons

foot^3 0.028 316 847 meters^3 1,728 inches^3

furlong 201.168 meters 220 yards

gallon, liquid (US) 3.785 411 784 liters 4 quarts, liquid

gill (US) 118.294 118 milliliters 4 ounces, liquid

grain 64.798 91 milligrams 0.002 285 71 ounces, avdp.

gram 1,000 milligrams 0.035 273 96 ounces, avdp.

hand (height of horse) 10.16 centimeters 4 inches

hectare 10,000 meters^2 2.471 053 8 acres

hundredweight, long 50.802 345 kilograms 112 pounds, avdp.

hundredweight, short 45.359 237 kilograms 100 pounds, avdp.

inch 2.54 centimeters 0.083 333 33 feet

inch^2 6.451 6 centimeters^2 0.006 944 44 feet^2

inch^3 16.387 064 centimeters^3 0.000 578 7 feet^3

inch^3 16.387 064 milliliters 0.029 761 6 pints, dry

inch^3 16.387 064 milliliters 0.034 632 0 pints, liquid

kilogram 0.001 tons, metric 2.204 623 pounds, avdp.

kilometer 1,000 meters 0.621 371 19 miles, statute

kilometer^2 100 hectares 247.105 38 acres

kilometer^2 1,000,000 meters^2 0.386 102 16 miles^2,
statute

knot (1 nautical 1.852 kilometers/hour 1.151 statute miles/hour
mi/hr)

league, nautical 5.556 kilometers 3 miles, nautical

league, statute 4.828.032 kilometers 3 miles, statute

link (surveyor's) 20.116 8 centimeters 7.92 inches

liter 0.001 meters^3 61.023 74 inches^3

liter 0.1 dekaliter 0.908 083 quarts, dry

liter 1,000 milliliters 1.056 688 quarts, liquid

meter 100 centimeters 1.093 613 yards

meter^2 10,000 centimeters^2 1.195 990 yards^2

meter^3 1,000 liters 1.307 951 yards^3

micron 0.000 001 meter 0.000 039 4 inches

mil 0.025 4 millimeters 0.001 inch

mile, nautical 1.852 kilometers 1.150 779 4 miles, statute

mile^2, nautical 3.429 904 kilometers^2 1.325 miles^2, statute

mile, statute 1.609 344 kilometers 5,280 feet or 8 furlongs

mile^2, statute 258.998 811 hectares 640 acres or 1 section

mile^2, statute 2.589 988 11 0.755 miles^2, nautical
kilometers^2

minim (US) 0.061 611 52 milliliters 0.002 083 33 ounces, liquid
or one-sixtieth of a dram

ounce, avdp. 28.349 523 125 grams 437.5 grains

ounce, liquid (US) 29.573 53 milliliters 0.062 5 pints, liquid

ounce, troy 31.103 476 8 grams 480 grains

pace 76.2 centimeters 30 inches

peck 8.809 767 5 liters 8 quarts, dry

pennyweight 1.555 173 84 grams 24 grains

pint, dry (US) 0.550 610 47 liters 0.5 quarts, dry

pint, liquid (US) 0.473 176 473 liters 0.5 quarts, liquid

point (typographical) 0.351 459 8 millimeters 0.013 837 inches

pound, avdp 453.592 37 grams 16 ounces, avdp

pound, troy 373.241 721 6 grams 12 ounces, troy

quart, dry (US) 1.101 221 liters 2 pints, dry

quart, liquid (US) 0.946 352 946 liters 2 pints, liquid

quintal 100 kilograms 220.462 26 pounds, avdp.

rod 5.029 2 meters 5.5 yards

scruple 1.295 978 2 grams 20 grains

section (US) 2.589 988 1 kilometers^2 1 mile^2, statute
or 640 acres

span 22.86 centimeters 9 inches

stere 1 meter^3 1.307 95 yards^3

tablespoon 14.786 76 milliliters 3 teaspoons

teaspoon 4.928 922 milliliters 0.333 333 tablespoons

ton, long or 1,016.046 909 kilograms 2,240 pounds, avdp.
deadweight

ton, metric 1,000 kilograms 2,204.623 pounds, avdp.

ton, metric 1,000 kilograms 32,150.75 ounces, troy

ton, register 2.831 684 7 meters^3 100 feet^3

ton, short 907.184 74 kilograms 2,000 pounds, avdp.

township (US) 93.239 572 kilometers^2 36 miles^2, statute

yard 0.914 4 meters 3 feet

yard^2 0.836 127 36 meters^2 9 feet^2

yard^3 0.764 554 86 meters^3 27 feet^3

yard^3 764.554 857 984 liters 201.974 gallons

________________________________________________________________________

APPENDIX G:

Estimates of Gross Domestic Product on an Exchange Rate Basis

These estimates of gross domestic product on an exchange rate basis
are based on official data from national statistical offices.

Country Million US$ Year

Afghanistan --- ---

Albania --- ---

Algeria 46,823 1993

American Samoa --- ---

Andorra --- ---

Angola --- ---

Anguilla --- ---

Antigua and Barbuda 374 1992

Argentina --- ---

Armenia --- ---

Aruba --- ---

Australia 284,293 1993

Austria 181,367 1993

Azerbaijan --- ---

The Bahamas --- ---

Bahrain 3,903 1990

Bangladesh 23,957 1993

Barbados 1,574 1992

Belarus --- ---

Belgium 207,500 1993

Belize 524 1993

Benin 1,898 1991

Bermuda --- ---

Bhutan 245 1992

Bolivia 6,058 1991

Bosnia and Herzegovina --- ---

Botswana 3,702 1992

Brazil --- ---

British Virgin Islands --- ---

Brunei --- ---

Bulgaria --- ---

Burkina --- ---

Burma 55,073 1993

Burundi 923 1993

Cambodia --- ---

Cameroon 10,918 1992

Canada 551,645 1993

Cape Verde 286 1988

Cayman Islands --- ---

Central African Republic 1,339 1992

Chad 1,383 1992

Chile 43,684 1993

China 544,603 1993

Christmas Island --- ---

Cocos (Keeling) Islands --- ---

Colombia --- ---

Comoros 43,546 1992

Congo --- ---

Cook Island --- ---

Costa Rica 6,722 1992

Cote d'Ivoire 10,492 1992

Croatia --- ---

Cuba --- ---

Cyprus 6,700 1992

Czech Republic 31,664 1993

Denmark 135,998 1993

Djibouti 494 1990

Dominica 189 1992

Dominican Republic 8,796 1992

Ecuador 14,304 1993

Egypt 41,855 1992

El Salvador 7,625 1993

Equatorial Guinea 181 1992

Eritrea --- ---

Estonia --- ---

Ethiopia 3,362 1993

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) --- ---

Faroe Islands --- ---

Fiji 1,490 1991

Finland 83,795 1993

France 1,252,560 1993

French Guiana --- ---

French Polynesia --- ---

Gabon 5,913 1992

The Gambia 332 1992

Gaza Strip --- ---

Georgia --- ---

Germany 1,880,000 1993

Ghana 6,884 1992

Gibraltar --- ---

Greece 73,100 1993

Greenland --- ---

Grenada 214 1992

Guadeloupe --- ---

Guam --- ---

Guatemala 11,279 1993

Guernsey --- ---

Guinea --- ---

Guinea-Bissau 221 1992

Guyana 447 1993

Haiti 2,502 1990

Honduras 3,343 1993

Hong Kong --- ---

Hungary 36,113 1993

Iceland 6,076 1993

India 272,231 1992

Indonesia 142,794 1993

Iran 1,013,890 1992

Iraq --- ---

Ireland 47,678 1993

Israel 65,043 1993

Italy 999,700 1993

Jamaica 3,839 1993

Japan 4,215,546 1993

Jersey --- ---

Jordan 5,190 1993

Kazakhstan --- ---

Kenya 5,569 1993

Kiribati --- ---

Korea, North --- ---

Korea, South --- ---

Kuwait 22,416 1993

Kyrgyzstan --- ---

Laos --- ---

Latvia --- ---

Lebanon --- ---

Lesotho 710 1992

Liberia 1,183 1989

Libya 21,864 1986

Liechtenstein --- ---

Lithuania --- ---

Luxembourg 10,600 1993

Macau --- ---

Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of --- ---

Madagascar 3,371 1993

Malawi 2,017 1993

Malaysia 64,434 1993

Maldives --- ---

Mali 2,451 1991

Malta 2,743 1992

Man, Isle of --- ---

Marshall Islands --- ---

Martinique --- ---

Mauritania 1,136 1993

Mauritius 3,112 1993

Mayotte --- ---

Mexico 286,631 1991

Micronesia, Federated States of --- ---

Moldova --- ---

Monaco --- ---

Mongolia 1,111 1992

Montserrat --- ---

Morocco 28,762 1992

Mozambique 1,410 1993

Namibia 2,508 1993

Nauru --- ---

Nepal 3,387 1993

Netherlands 308,995 1993

Netherlands Antilles --- ---

New Caledonia --- ---

New Zealand 43,698 1993

Nicaragua 2,214 1990

Niger 2,506 1990

Nigeria 37,250 1993

Niue --- ---

Norfolk Island --- ---

Northern Mariana Islands --- ---

Norway 103,418 1993

Oman 11,489 1992

Pakistan 48,363 1993

Palau --- ---

Panama 6,565 1993

Papua New Guinea 4,292 1992

Paraguay 6,446 1992

Peru 39,760 1989

Philippines 54,068 1992

Pitcairn Islands --- ---

Poland 85,898 1993

Portugal 75,100 1993

Puerto Rico --- ---

Qatar 7,473 1992

Reunion --- ---

Romania 24,781 1993

Russia --- ---

Rwanda 1,630 1992

Saint Helena --- ---

Saint Kitts and Nevis 158 1990

Saint Lucia 393 1992

Saint Pierre and Miquelon --- ---

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 192 1992

San Marino --- ---

Sao Tome and Principe --- ---

Saudi Arabia 121,530 1992

Senegal 4,627 1989

Serbia and Montenegro --- ---

Seychelles 434 1992

Sierra Leone --- ---

Singapore 55,086 1993

Slovakia --- ---

Slovenia --- ---

Solomon Islands --- ---

Somalia --- ---

South Africa 117,442 1993

Spain 478,391 1993

Sri Lanka 10,274 1993

Sudan 27,697 1991

Suriname 1,872 1991

Svalbard --- ---

Swaziland 874 1991

Sweden 186,224 1993

Switzerland 232,133 1993

Syria 33,050 1992

Tajikistan --- ---

Tanzania 2,086 1993

Thailand 110,429 1992

Togo 1,237 1987

Tokelau --- ---

Tonga 145 1993

Trinidad and Tobago 4,538 1993

Tunisia 14,634 1993

Turkey 138,400 1993

Turkmenistan --- ---

Turks and Caicos Islands --- ---

Tuvalu --- ---

Uganda 5,608 1988

Ukraine --- ---

United Arab Emirates 34,977 1992

United Kingdom 944,902 1993

United States 6,738,400 1994

Uruguay 13,144 1993

Uzbekistan --- ---

Vanuatu 153 1990

Venezuela 59,183 1993

Vietnam --- ---

Virgin Islands --- ---

Wallis and Futuna --- ---

West Bank --- ---

Western Sahara --- ---

Western Samoa --- ---

World --- ---

Yemen --- ---

Zaire 9,078 1991

Zambia 3,302 1992

Zimbabwe 6,189 1990

Taiwan --- ---

________________________________________________________________________

APPENDIX H

Cross-Reference List of Geographic Items

This list indicates where various geographic items - including the
location of all United States Foreign Service Posts, alternate names
of countries, former names, and political or geographical portions of
larger entities - can be found in The World Factbook. Spellings are
normally, but not always, those approved by the United States Board on
Geographic Names (BGN). Alternate names are included in parentheses;
additional information is included in brackets.

Name -- Entry in The World Factbook

A

Abidjan [US Embassy] -- Cote d'Ivoire

Abu Dhabi [US Embassy] -- United Arab Emirates

Abuja [US Embassy Branch Office] -- Nigeria

Acapulco [US Consular Agency] -- Mexico

Accra [US Embassy] -- Ghana

Adamstown -- Pitcairn Islands

Adana [US Consulate] -- Turkey

Addis Ababa [US Embassy] -- Ethiopia

Adelie Land (Terre Adelie) -- Antarctica [claimed by France]

Aden -- Yemen

Aden, Gulf of -- Indian Ocean

Admiralty Islands -- Papua New Guinea

Adriatic Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Aegean Islands -- Greece

Aegean Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Afars and Issas, French Territory -- Djibouti of the (F.T.A.I.)

Agalega Islands -- Mauritius

Agana -- Guam

Aland Islands -- Finland

Alaska -- United States

Alaska, Gulf of -- Pacific Ocean

Aldabra Islands -- Seychelles

Alderney -- Guernsey

Aleutian Islands -- United States

Alexander Island -- Antarctica

Alexandria -- Egypt

Algiers [US Embassy] -- Algeria

Alhucemas, Penon de -- Spain

Alma-Ata (see Almaty) -- Kazakhstan

Almaty (Alma-Ata) [US Embassy] -- Kazakhstan

Alofi -- Niue

Alphonse Island -- Seychelles

Amami Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Amindivi Islands -- India

Amirante Isles -- Seychelles

Amman [US Embassy] -- Jordan

Amsterdam [US Consulate General] -- Netherlands

Amsterdam Island (Ile Amsterdam) -- French Southern and Antarctic
Lands

Amundsen Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Amur -- China; Russia

Andaman Islands -- India

Andaman Sea -- Indian Ocean

Andorra la Vella -- Andorra

Anegada Passage -- Atlantic Ocean

Anglo-Egyptian Sudan -- Sudan

Anjouan -- Comoros

Ankara [US Embassy] -- Turkey

Annobon -- Equatorial Guinea

Antananarivo [US Embassy] -- Madagascar

Antipodes Islands -- New Zealand

Antwerp [European Logistical -- Belgium Support Office]

Aozou Strip -- Chad

Apia [US Embassy] -- Western Samoa

Aqaba, Gulf of -- Indian Ocean

Arabian Sea -- Indian Ocean

Arafura Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Argun -- China; Russia

Ascension Island -- Saint Helena

Ashgabat [US Embassy] -- Turkmenistan

Ashkhabad (see Ashgabat) -- Turkmenistan

Asmara [US Embassy] -- Eritrea

Asmera (see Asmara) -- Eritrea

Assumption Island -- Seychelles

Asuncion [US Embassy] -- Paraguay

Asuncion Island -- Northern Mariana Islands

Atacama -- Chile

Athens [US Embassy] -- Greece

Attu -- United States

Auckland [US Consulate General] -- New Zealand

Auckland Islands -- New Zealand

Australes Iles (Iles Tubuai) -- French Polynesia

Avarua -- Cook Islands

Axel Heiberg Island -- Canada

Azores -- Portugal

Azov, Sea of -- Atlantic Ocean

B

Bab el Mandeb -- Indian Ocean

Babuyan Channel -- Pacific Ocean

Babuyan Islands -- Philippines

Baffin Bay -- Arctic Ocean

Baffin Island -- Canada

Baghdad [US Embassy temporarily -- Iraq suspended; US Interests
Section located in Poland's embassy in Baghdad]

Baki (Baku) -- Azerbaijan

Baku [US Embassy] -- Azerbaijan

Baky (Baku) -- Azerbaijan

Balabac Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Balearic Islands -- Spain

Balearic Sea (Iberian Sea) -- Atlantic Ocean

Bali Sea -- Indian Ocean

Balintang Channel -- Pacific Ocean

Balintang Islands -- Philippines

Balleny Islands -- Antarctica

Balochistan -- Pakistan

Baltic Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Bamako [US Embassy] -- Mali

Banaba (Ocean Island) -- Kiribati

Bandar Seri Begawan [US Embassy] -- Brunei

Banda Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Bangkok [US Embassy] -- Thailand

Bangui [US Embassy] -- Central African Republic

Banjul [US Embassy] -- Gambia, The

Banks Island -- Canada

Banks Islands (Iles Banks) -- Vanuatu

Barcelona [US Consulate General] -- Spain

Barents Sea -- Arctic Ocean

Barranquilla [US Consulate] -- Colombia

Bashi Channel -- Pacific Ocean

Basilan Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Bass Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Basse-Terre -- Guadeloupe

Basseterre -- Saint Kitts and Nevis

Basutoland -- Lesotho

Batan Islands -- Philippines

Bavaria (Bayern) -- Germany

Beagle Channel -- Atlantic Ocean

Bear Island (Bjornoya) -- Svalbard

Beaufort Sea -- Arctic Ocean

Bechuanaland -- Botswana

Beijing [US Embassy] -- China

Beirut [US Embassy] -- Lebanon

Belau -- Palau

Belem [US Consular Agency] -- Brazil

Belep Islands (Iles Belep) -- New Caledonia

Belfast [US Consulate General] -- United Kingdom

Belgian Congo -- Zaire

Belgrade [US Embassy; US does not -- Serbia and Montenegro
maintain full diplomatic relations with Serbia and Montenegro]

Belize City [US Embassy] -- Belize

Belle Isle, Strait of -- Atlantic Ocean

Bellingshausen Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Belmopan -- Belize

Belorussia -- Belarus

Bengal, Bay of -- Indian Ocean

Bering Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Bering Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Berkner Island -- Antarctica

Berlin [US Branch Office] -- Germany

Berlin, East -- Germany

Berlin, West -- Germany

Bern [US Embassy] -- Switzerland

Bessarabia -- Romania; Moldova

Bijagos, Arquipelago dos -- Guinea-Bissau

Bikini Atoll -- Marshall Islands

Bilbao [US Consulate] -- Spain

Bioko -- Equatorial Guinea

Biscay, Bay of -- Atlantic Ocean

Bishkek [US Embassy] -- Kyrgyzstan

Bishop Rock -- United Kingdom

Bismarck Archipelago -- Papua New Guinea

Bismarck Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Bissau [US Embassy] -- Guinea-Bissau

Bjornoya (Bear Island) -- Svalbard

Black Rock -- Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Black Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Bloemfontein -- South Africa

Boa Vista -- Cape Verde

Bogota [US Embassy] -- Colombia

Bombay [US Consulate General] -- India

Bonaire -- Netherlands Antilles

Bonifacio, Strait of -- Atlantic Ocean

Bonin Islands -- Japan

Bonn [US Embassy] -- Germany

Bophuthatswana -- South Africa

Bora-Bora -- French Polynesia

Bordeaux [US Consulate General] -- France

Borneo -- Brunei; Indonesia; Malaysia

Bornholm -- Denmark

Bosporus -- Atlantic Ocean

Bothnia, Gulf of -- Atlantic Ocean

Bougainville Island -- Papua New Guinea

Bougainville Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Bounty Islands -- New Zealand

Brasilia [US Embassy] -- Brazil

Bratislava [US Embassy] -- Slovakia

Brazzaville [US Embassy] -- Congo

Bridgetown [US Embassy] -- Barbados

Brisbane [US Consulate] -- Australia

British East Africa -- Kenya

British Guiana -- Guyana

British Honduras -- Belize

British Solomon Islands -- Solomon Islands

British Somaliland -- Somalia

Brussels [US Embassy, US Mission -- Belgium to European Union
(USEU), US Mission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(USNATO)]

Bucharest [US Embassy] -- Romania

Budapest [US Embassy] -- Hungary

Buenos Aires [US Embassy] -- Argentina

Bujumbura [US Embassy] -- Burundi

Burnt Pine -- Norfolk Island

Byelorussia -- Belarus

C

Cabinda -- Angola

Cabot Strait -- Atlantic Ocean

Caicos Islands -- Turks and Caicos Islands

Cairo [US Embassy] -- Egypt

Calcutta [US Consulate General] -- India

Calgary [US Consulate General] -- Canada

California, Gulf of -- Pacific Ocean

Campbell Island -- New Zealand

Canal Zone -- Panama

Canary Islands -- Spain

Canberra [US Embassy] -- Australia

Canton (Guangzhou) -- China

Canton Island (Kanton Island) -- Kiribati

Cape Town [US Consulate General] -- South Africa

Caracas [US Embassy] -- Venezuela

Cargados Carajos Shoals -- Mauritius

Caroline Islands -- Micronesia, Federated States of;

-- Palau

Caribbean Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Carpentaria, Gulf of -- Pacific Ocean

Casablanca [US Consulate General] -- Morocco

Castries -- Saint Lucia

Cato Island -- Australia

Cayenne -- French Guiana

Cebu [US Consulate] -- Philippines

Celebes -- Indonesia

Celebes Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Celtic Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Central African Empire -- Central African Republic

Ceuta -- Spain

Ceylon -- Sri Lanka

Chafarinas, Islas -- Spain

Chagos Archipelago (Oil Islands) -- British Indian Ocean Territory

Channel Islands -- Guernsey; Jersey

Charlotte Amalie -- Virgin Islands

Chatham Islands -- New Zealand

Cheju-do -- Korea, South

Cheju Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Chengdu [US Consulate General] -- China

Chesterfield Islands -- New Caledonia (Iles Chesterfield)

Chiang Mai [US Consulate General] -- Thailand

Chihli, Gulf of (see Bo Hai) -- Pacific Ocean

China, People's Republic of -- China

China, Republic of -- Taiwan

Chisinau [US Embassy] -- Moldova

Choiseul -- Solomon Islands

Christmas Island [Indian Ocean] -- Australia

Christmas Island [Pacific Ocean] -- Kiribati (Kiritimati)

Chukchi Sea -- Arctic Ocean

Ciskei -- South Africa

Ciudad Juarez [US Consulate General] -- Mexico

Cluj-Napoca [US Branch Office] -- Romania

Coco, Isla del -- Costa Rica

Cocos Islands -- Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Colombo [US Embassy] -- Sri Lanka

Colon, Archipielago de -- Ecuador (Galapagos Islands)

Commander Islands -- Russia (Komandorskiye Ostrova)

Conakry [US Embassy] -- Guinea

Congo (Brazzaville) -- Congo

Congo (Kinshasa) -- Zaire

Congo (Leopoldville) -- Zaire

Con Son Islands -- Vietnam

Cook Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Copenhagen [US Embassy] -- Denmark

Coral Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Corn Islands (Islas del Maiz) -- Nicaragua

Corsica -- France

Cosmoledo Group -- Seychelles

Cotonou [US Embassy] -- Benin

Crete -- Greece

Crooked Island Passage -- Atlantic Ocean

Crozet Islands (Iles Crozet) -- French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Curacao [US Consulate General] -- Netherlands Antilles

Czechoslovakia -- Czech Republic; Slovakia

D

Dahomey -- Benin

Daito Islands -- Japan

Dakar [US Embassy] -- Senegal

Daman (Damao) -- India

Damascus [US Embassy] -- Syria

Danger Atoll -- Cook Islands

Danish Straits -- Atlantic Ocean

Danzig (Gdansk) -- Poland

Dao Bach Long Vi -- Vietnam

Dardanelles -- Atlantic Ocean

Dar es Salaam [US Embassy] -- Tanzania

Davis Strait -- Atlantic Ocean

Deception Island -- Antarctica

Denmark Strait -- Atlantic Ocean

D'Entrecasteaux Islands -- Papua New Guinea

Devon Island -- Canada

Dhahran [US Consulate General] -- Saudi Arabia

Dhaka [US Embassy] -- Bangladesh

Diego Garcia -- British Indian Ocean Territory

Diego Ramirez -- Chile

Diomede Islands -- Russia [Big Diomede]; United States

-- [Little Diomede]

Diu -- India

Djibouti [US Embassy] -- Djibouti

Dodecanese -- Greece

Dodoma -- Tanzania

Doha [US Embassy] -- Qatar

Douala -- Cameroon

Douglas -- Man, Isle of

Dover, Strait of -- Atlantic Ocean

Drake Passage -- Atlantic Ocean

Dubai (see Dubayy) -- United Arab Emirates

Dubayy [US Consulate General] -- United Arab Emirates

Dublin [US Embassy] -- Ireland

Durban [US Consulate General] -- South Africa

Dushanbe [US Embassy] -- Tajikistan

Dutch East Indies -- Indonesia

Dutch Guiana -- Suriname

E

East China Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) -- Chile

Eastern Channel (East Korea Strait -- Pacific Ocean or Tsushima
Strait)

East Germany (German Democratic -- Germany Republic)

East Korea Strait (Eastern Channel -- Pacific Ocean or Tsushima
Strait)

East Pakistan -- Bangladesh

East Siberian Sea -- Arctic Ocean

East Timor (Portuguese Timor) -- Indonesia

Edinburgh [US Consulate General] -- United Kingdom

Elba -- Italy

Ellef Ringnes Island -- Canada

Ellesmere Island -- Canada

Ellice Islands -- Tuvalu

Elobey, Islas de -- Equatorial Guinea

Enderbury Island -- Kiribati

Enewetak Atoll (Eniwetok Atoll) -- Marshall Islands

England -- United Kingdom

English Channel -- Atlantic Ocean

Eniwetok Atoll -- Marshall Islands

Epirus, Northern -- Albania; Greece

Essequibo [claimed by Venezuela] -- Guyana

Etorofu -- Russia [de facto]

F

Farquhar Group -- Seychelles

Fernando de Noronha -- Brazil

Fernando Po (Bioko) -- Equatorial Guinea

Finland, Gulf of -- Atlantic Ocean

Florence [US Consulate General] -- Italy

Florida, Straits of -- Atlantic Ocean

Formosa -- Taiwan

Formosa Strait (Taiwan Strait) -- Pacific Ocean

Fortaleza [US Consular Agency] -- Brazil

Fort-de-France -- Martinique

Frankfurt am Main [US -- Germany Consulate General]

Franz Josef Land -- Russia

Freetown [US Embassy] -- Sierra Leone

French Cameroon -- Cameroon

French Indochina -- Cambodia; Laos; Vietnam

French Guinea -- Guinea

French Sudan -- Mali

French Territory of the Afars -- Djibouti and Issas (F.T.A.I.)

French Togo -- Togo

Friendly Islands -- Tonga

Frunze (Bishkek) -- Kyrgyzstan

Fukuoka [US Consulate] -- Japan

Funafuti -- Tuvalu

Fundy, Bay of -- Atlantic Ocean

Futuna Islands (Hoorn Islands) -- Wallis and Futuna

G

Gaborone [US Embassy] -- Botswana

Galapagos Islands (Archipielago -- Ecuador de Colon)

Galleons Passage -- Atlantic Ocean

Gambier Islands (Iles Gambier) -- French Polynesia

Gaspar Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Geneva [Branch Office of the -- Switzerland US Embassy, US Mission
to European Office of the UN and Other International
Organizations]

Genoa -- Italy

George Town [US Consular Agency] -- Cayman Islands

Georgetown [US Embassy] -- Guyana

German Democratic Republic -- Germany (East Germany)

Gibraltar -- Gibraltar

Gibraltar, Strait of -- Atlantic Ocean

Gilbert Islands -- Kiribati

Goa -- India

Gold Coast -- Ghana

Golan Heights -- Syria

Good Hope, Cape of -- South Africa

Goteborg -- Sweden

Gotland -- Sweden

Gough Island -- Saint Helena

Grand Banks -- Atlantic Ocean

Grand Cayman -- Cayman Islands

Grand Turk -- Turks and Caicos Islands

Great Australian Bight -- Indian Ocean

Great Belt (Store Baelt) -- Atlantic Ocean

Great Britain -- United Kingdom

Great Channel -- Indian Ocean

Greater Sunda Islands -- Brunei; Indonesia; Malaysia

Green Islands -- Papua New Guinea

Greenland Sea -- Arctic Ocean

Grenadines, Northern -- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Grenadines, Southern -- Grenada

Grytviken -- Georgia

Guadalajara [US Consulate General] -- Mexico

Guadalcanal -- Solomon Islands

Guadalupe, Isla de -- Mexico

Guangzhou [US Consulate General] -- China

Guantanamo Bay [US Naval Base] -- Cuba

Guatemala [US Embassy] -- Guatemala

Gubal, Strait of -- Indian Ocean

Guinea, Gulf of -- Atlantic Ocean

Guayaquil [US Consulate General] -- Ecuador

H

Ha'apai Group -- Tonga

Habomai Islands -- Russia [de facto]

Hague, The [US Embassy] -- Netherlands

Hainan Dao -- China

Halifax [US Consulate General] -- Canada

Halmahera -- Indonesia

Hamburg [US Consulate General] -- Germany

Hamilton [US Consulate General] -- Bermuda

Hanoi [US Liaison Office] -- Vietnam

Harare [US Embassy] -- Zimbabwe

Hatay -- Turkey

Havana [US post not maintained; -- Cuba representation by US
Interests Section (USINT) of the Swiss Embassy]

Hawaii -- United States

Heard Island -- Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Helsinki [US Embassy] -- Finland

Hermosillo [US Consulate] -- Mexico

Hispaniola -- Dominican Republic; Haiti

Hokkaido -- Japan

Hong Kong [US Consulate General] -- Hong Kong

Honiara -- Solomon Islands

Honshu -- Japan

Hormuz, Strait of -- Indian Ocean

Horn, Cape (Cabo de Hornos) -- Chile

Horne, Iles de -- Wallis and Futuna

Horn of Africa -- Ethiopia; Somalia

Hudson Bay -- Arctic Ocean

Hudson Strait -- Arctic Ocean

I

Inaccessible Island -- Saint Helena

Indochina -- Cambodia; Laos; Vietnam

Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol) -- China

Ionian Islands -- Greece

Ionian Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Irian Jaya -- Indonesia

Irish Sea -- Atlantic Ocean

Islamabad [US Embassy] -- Pakistan

Islas Malvinas -- Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

Istanbul [US Consulate General] -- Turkey

Italian Somaliland -- Somalia

Ivory Coast -- Cote d'Ivoire

Iwo Jima -- Japan

J

Jakarta [US Embassy] -- Indonesia

Jamestown -- Saint Helena

Japan, Sea of -- Pacific Ocean

Java -- Indonesia

Java Sea -- Pacific Ocean

Jeddah (see Jiddah) -- Saudi Arabia

Jerusalem [US Consulate General] -- Israel; West Bank

Jiddah [US Consulate General] -- Saudi Arabia

Johannesburg [US Consulate General] -- South Africa

Juan de Fuca, Strait of -- Pacific Ocean

Juan Fernandez, Isla de -- Chile

Juventud, Isla de la (Isle of Youth) -- Cuba

K

Kabul [US Embassy now closed] -- Afghanistan

Kaduna [US Consulate General] -- Nigeria

Kalimantan -- Indonesia

Kamchatka Peninsula -- Russia (Poluostrov Kamchatka)

Kampala [US Embassy] -- Uganda

Kampuchea -- Cambodia

Kanton Island -- Kiribati Karachi [US Consulate General]

-- Pakistan

Kara Sea -- Arctic Ocean

Karimata Strait -- Pacific Ocean

Kathmandu [US Embassy] -- Nepal

Kattegat -- Atlantic Ocean

Kauai Channel -- Pacific Ocean

Keeling Islands -- Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Kerguelen, Iles -- French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Kermadec Islands -- New Zealand

Khabarovsk -- Russia

Khartoum [US Embassy] -- Sudan

Khmer Republic -- Cambodia

Khuriya Muriya Islands (Kuria -- Oman Muria Islands)

Khyber Pass -- Pakistan

Kiel Canal (Nord-Ostsee Kanal) -- Atlantic Ocean

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