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The 1995 CIA World Factbook

Part 42 out of 45

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UN's Economic and Social Council

members -- (54) Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan,
Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia,
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
UK, US, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA)

see -- Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

address -- Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla
179 D, Santiago, Chile

telephone -- [56] (2) 2102000 FAX [56] (2) 2080252, 2081946

established -- 25 February 1948 as Economic Commission for Latin
America (ECLA)

aim -- to promote economic development as a regional commission of the
UN's Economic and Social Council

members -- (41) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Grenada,
Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Italy, Jamaica, Mexico,
Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Saint Kitts
and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Spain,
Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela

associate members -- (6) Aruba, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat,
Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

Economic Commission for Western Asia (ECWA)

see -- Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)

Economic Community of Central African States (CEEAC)

note -- acronym from Communaute Economique des Etats de l'Afrique
Centrale

address -- CEEAC, BP 2112, Libreville, Gabon

telephone -- [241] 73 35 47, 73 35 48, 73 36 77

established -- 18 October 1983

aim -- to promote regional economic cooperation and establish a
Central African Common Market

members -- (10) Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad,
Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Zaire

observer -- (1) Angola

Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL)

note -- acronym from Communaute Economique des Pays des Grands Lacs

address -- B.O. Box 58, Gisenyi, Rwanda

telephone -- [250] 40228

FAX -- [250] 40785

established -- 26 September 1976

aim -- to promote regional economic cooperation and integration

members -- (3) Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

address -- 6 King George V Road, PMB 12745, Lagos, Nigeria

telephone -- [234] (1) 636839, 636841, 636064, 630398

FAX -- [234] (1) 636822

established -- 28 May 1975

aim -- to promote regional economic cooperation

members -- (16) Benin, Burkina, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, The Gambia,
Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger,
Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)

address -- 5 Hejab Avenue, Bd Keshavarz, P.O. Box 14155-6176, Teheran,
Iran Islamic Republic

telephone -- [98] (21) 658614, 656152, 658045

FAX -- [98] (21) 658046

established -- NA 1985

aim -- to promote regional cooperation in trade, transportation,
communications, tourism, cultural affairs, and economic development

members -- (10) Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

associate member -- (1) "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus"

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

address -- One Exchange Square, London EC2A 2EH, UK

telephone -- [44] (71) 338 6000

FAX -- [44] (71) 338 6100

established -- 15 April 1991

aim -- to facilitate the transition of seven centrally planned
economies in Europe (Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland,
Romania, former USSR, and former Yugoslavia) to market economies by
committing 60% of its loans to privatization

members -- (59) Albania, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan,
Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Egypt, European Union (EU), European Investment Bank (EIB),
Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Kyrgyzstan,
Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands,
NZ, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
UK, US, Uzbekistan; note - includes all 25 members of the OECD; also
includes the EU as a single entity

European Community (or European Communities, EC)

was established 8 April 1965 to integrate the European Atomic Energy
Community (Euratom), the European Coal and Steel Community (ESC), the
European Economic Community (EEC or Common Market), and to establish a
completely integrated common market and an eventual federation of
Europe; merged into the European Union (EU) on 7 February 1992; member
states at the time of merger were Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

address -- 9-11 rue de Varembe, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 749 11 11

FAX -- [41] (22) 733 92 91

established -- 4 January 1960

effective -- 3 May 1960

aim -- to promote expansion of free trade

members -- (7) Austria, Finland, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway,
Sweden, Switzerland

European Investment Bank (EIB)

address -- Bd Konrad Adenauer 100, L-2950 Luxembourg, Luxembourg

telephone -- [352] 43791

FAX -- [352] 437704

established -- 25 March 1957

effective -- 1 January 1958

aim -- to promote economic development of the EU

members -- (12) Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK

European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)

note -- acronym retained from the predecessor organization Conseil
Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire

address -- CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 767 61 11

FAX -- [41] (22) 767 65 55

established -- 1 July 1953

effective -- 29 September 1954

aim -- to foster nuclear research for peaceful purposes only

members -- (19) Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

observers -- (6) EC, Israel, Russia, Turkey, United Nations
Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO),
Yugoslavia

European Space Agency (ESA)

address -- 8-10 rue Mario Nikis, F-75738 Paris CEDEX 15, France

telephone -- [33] (1) 42 73 76 54

FAX -- [33] (1) 42 73 75 60

established -- 31 July 1973

effective -- 1 May 1975

aim -- to promote peaceful cooperation in space research and
technology

members -- (13) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland,
Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

associate member -- (1) Finland

cooperating state -- (1) Canada

European Union (EU)

note -- evolved from the European Community (EC)

address -- c/o European Commission, Rue de la Loi 200, B-1049
Brussels, Belgium

telephone -- [32] (2) 299 11 11 FAX [32] (2) 295 01 38 through 295 01
40

established -- 7 February 1992

effective -- 1 November 1993

aim -- to coordinate policy among the 15 members in three fields:
economics, building on the European Economic Community's (EEC) efforts
to establish a common market and eventually a common currency;
defense, within the concept of a Common Foreign and Security Policy
(CFSP); and justice and home affairs, including immigration, drugs,
terrorism, and improved living and working conditions

members -- (15) Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, UK

First World

another term for countries with advanced, industrialized economies;
this term is fading from use; see developed countries (DCs)

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

address -- Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, I-00100 Rome, Italy

telephone -- [39] (6) 52251 FAX [39] (6) 5225 3152, 5225 5155, 578
2610

established -- 16 October 1945

aim -- to raise living standards and increase availability of
agricultural products, as a UN specialized agency

members -- (170) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia
and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica,
Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, EU, Fiji, Finland,
France, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,
Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos,
Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua,
Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra
Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa,
Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,
Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam,
Western Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia (suspended), Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

associate member -- (1) Puerto Rico

Former USSR

/Eastern Europe (former USSR/EE) the middle group in the hierarchy of
developed countries (DCs), former USSR/Eastern Europe (former
USSR/EE), and less developed countries (LDCs); these countries are in
political and economic transition and may well be grouped differently
in the near future; this group of 27 countries consists of Albania,
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

Four Dragons

the four small Asian less developed countries (LDCs) that have
experienced unusually rapid economic growth; also known as the Four
Tigers; this group includes Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan

Four Tigers

another term for the Four Dragons; see Four Dragons

Franc Zone (FZ)

address -- Direction Generale des Service Etrangers (Service de la
Zone Franc), Banque de France, 39 rue Crois-des-Petits-Champs, BP
140-01, Paris Cedex 01, France

telephone -- [33] (1) 42 92 31 26

FAX -- [33] (1) 42 92 39 88

established -- 20 December 1945

aim -- to form a monetary union among countries whose currencies are
linked to the French franc

members -- (15) Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Republic,
Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, France, Gabon,
Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo; note - France includes metropolitan
France, the four overseas departments of France (French Guiana,
Guadeloupe, Martinique, Reunion), the two territorial collectivities
of France (Mayotte, Saint Pierre and Miquelon), and the three overseas
territories of France (French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and
Futuna)

Front Line States (FLS)

established to achieve black majority rule in South Africa; members
included Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia,
Zimbabwe

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

note -- was subsumed by the World Trade Organization (WTrO) on 1
January 1995

address -- rue de Lausanne 154, CH-1211 Geneva 21, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 739 51 11

FAX -- [41] (22) 731 42 06

established -- 30 October 1947

effective -- 1 January 1948

aim -- to promote the expansion of international trade on a
nondiscriminatory basis

members -- (123) Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia,
Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin,
Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon,
Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Costa
Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon,
The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau,
Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, South Korea,
Kuwait, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Macau, Madagascar, Malawi,
Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,
Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia
(suspended), Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Group of 2 (G-2)

established -- informal term that came into use about 1986

aim -- to facilitate bilateral economic cooperation between the two
most powerful economic giants

members -- (2) Japan, US

Group of 3 (G-3)

established -- NA October 1990

aim -- mechanism for policy coordination

members -- (3) Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela

Group of 5 (G-5)

established -- 22 September 1985

aim -- to coordinate the economic policies of the five major
non-Communist economic powers

members -- (5) France, Germany, Japan, UK, US

Group of 6 (G-6)

note -- also known as Groupe des Six Sur le Desarmement not to be
confused with the Big Six

established -- 22 May 1984

aim -- to achieve nuclear disarmament

members -- (6) Argentina, Greece, India, Mexico, Sweden, Tanzania

Group of 7 (G-7)

note -- membership is the same as the Big Seven

established -- 22 September 1985

aim -- to facilitate economic cooperation among the seven major non-
Communist economic powers

members -- (7) Group of 5 (France, Germany, Japan, UK, US) plus Canada
and Italy

Group of 8 (G-8)

established -- NA October 1975

aim -- to facilitate economic cooperation among the developed
countries (DCs) that participated in the Conference on International
Economic Cooperation (CIEC), held in several sessions between NA
December 1975 and 3 June 1977

members -- (8) Australia, Canada, EU (as one member), Japan, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, US

Group of 9 (G-9)

established -- NA

aim -- to discuss matters of mutual interest on an informal basis

members -- (9) Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, Hungary,
Romania, Sweden, Yugoslavia

Group of 10 (G-10)

note -- also known as the Paris Club; includes the wealthiest members
of the IMF who provide most of the money to be loaned and act as the
informal steering committee; name persists in spite of the addition of
Switzerland on NA April 1984

address -- c/o IMF Office in Europe, 64-66 ave dIena, F-75116 Paris,
France

telephone -- [33] (1) 40 69 30 80

FAX -- [33] (1) 47 23 40 89

established -- NA October 1962

aim -- to coordinate credit policy

members -- (11) Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan,
Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US

nonstate participants -- (4) BIS, EU, IMF, OECD

Group of 11 (G-11)

note -- also known as the Cartagena Group

established -- 22 June 1984, in Cartagena, Colombia

aim -- to provide a forum for largest debtor nations in Latin America

members -- (11) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

Group of 15 (G-15)

note -- byproduct of the Non-Aligned Movement

address -- Technical Support Facility, Ch du Champ dAncier 17, Case
postale 326, CH-1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 798 42 10

FAX -- [41] (22) 798 38 49

established -- September 1989

aim -- to promote economic cooperation among developing nations; to
act as the main political organ for the Non-Aligned Movement

members -- (15) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Egypt, India, Indonesia,
Jamaica, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Peru, Senegal, Venezuela,
Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

Group of 19 (G-19)

established -- NA October 1975

aim -- to represent the interests of the less developed countries
(LDCs) that participated in the Conference on International Economic
Cooperation (CIEC) held in several sessions between NA December 1975
and 3 June 1977

members -- (19) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Cameroon, Egypt, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Saudi
Arabia, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia

Group of 24 (G-24)

address -- c/o European Commission, DGI, G-24 Coordination Unit, Rue
de la Science 29, B-1049 Brussels, Belgium

telephone -- [32] (2) 299 22 44

FAX -- [32] (2) 299 06 02

established -- NA January 1972

aim -- to promote the interests of developing countries in Africa,
Asia, and Latin America within the IMF

members -- (24) Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Cote d'Ivoire,
Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Iran, Lebanon,
Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Syria,
Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire

Group of 30 (G-30)

address -- 1990 M Street NW, Suite 450, Washington, DC 20036, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 331 2472

established -- NA 1979

aim -- to discuss and propose solutions to the world's economic
problems

members -- (30) informal group of 30 leading international bankers,
economists, financial experts, and businessmen organized by Johannes
Witteveen (former managing director of the IMF)

Group of 33 (G-33)

established -- NA 1987

aim -- to promote solutions to international economic problems

members -- (33) leading economists from 13 countries

Group of 77 (G-77)

established -- NA October 1967

aim -- to promote economic cooperation among developing countries;
name persists in spite of increased membership

members -- (127 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan,
Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia,
Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial
Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia,
Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait,
Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman,
Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,
Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands,
Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tanzania,
Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, UAE,
Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Samoa, Yemen,
Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Palestine Liberation Organization

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

note -- also known as the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of
the Gulf

address -- P.O. Box 7431, Riyadh 11462 Saudi Arabia

telephone -- [966] (1) 4827777

FAX -- [966] (1) 4829089

established -- 25 May 1981

aim -- to promote regional cooperation in economic, social, political,
and military affairs

members -- (6) Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE

Habitat

see -- Commission on Human Settlements

Hexagonal Group

see -- Central European Initiative (CEI)

high-income countries

another term for the industrialized countries with high per capita
GDPs;

see -- developed countries (DCs)

industrial countries

another term for the developed countries; see developed countries
(DCs)

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)

note -- also known as Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID)

address -- 1300 New York Avenue NW, Washington, DC 10577, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 632 1000

FAX -- [1] (202) 789 2835

established -- 8 April 1959

effective -- 30 December 1959

aim -- to promote economic and social development in Latin America

members -- (46) Argentina, Austria, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium,
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia,
Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, France,
Germany, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Israel, Italy, Jamaica,
Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru,
Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Trinidad and
Tobago, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela

Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD)

address -- BP 2653, Djibouti, Djibouti

telephone -- [253] 354050, 352880

FAX -- [253] 356994

established -- 15-16 January 1986

aim -- to promote cooperation on drought-related matters

members -- (7) Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan,
Uganda

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

address -- Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria

telephone -- [43] (1) 2360 2045 FAX [43] (1) 234564

established -- 26 October 1956

effective -- 29 July 1957

aim -- to promote peaceful uses of atomic energy

members -- (121) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia,
Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil,
Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia,
Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia,
Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala,
Haiti, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,
South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico,
Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,
Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri
Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia,
Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela,
Vietnam, Yugoslavia (suspended), Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Bank for Economic Cooperation (IBEC)

was established on 22 October 1963 to promote economic cooperation and
development; members were Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East
Germany, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam; now it is
a Russian bank with a new charter

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

note -- also known as the World Bank

address -- 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 477 1234

FAX -- [1] (202) 477 6391

established -- 22 July 1944

effective -- 27 December 1945

aim -- to provide economic development loans; a UN specialized agency

members -- (178) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica,
Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial
Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The
Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos,
Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco,
Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra
Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South
Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine,
UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western
Samoa, Yemen, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

address -- 38 Cours Albert 1st, F-75008 Paris, France

telephone -- [33] (1) 49 53 28 75

FAX -- [33] (1) 49 53 29 42

established -- NA 1919

aim -- to promote free trade and private enterprise and to represent
business interests at national and international levels

members -- (59 national councils) Argentina, Australia, Austria,
Belgium, Brazil, Burkina, Cameroon, Canada, Colombia, Cote d'Ivoire,
Cyprus, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany,
Greece, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy,
Japan, Jordan, South Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar,
Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, UK, US,
Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, Zaire

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

address -- 1000 Sherbrooke Street West, Suite 327, Montreal PQ H3A
2R2, Canada

telephone -- [1] (514) 285 8219

FAX -- [1] (514) 288 4772

established -- 7 December 1944

effective -- 4 April 1947

aim -- to promote international cooperation in civil aviation; a UN
specialized agency

members -- (183) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil,
Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada,
Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia,
Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia,
Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia,
Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany,
Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq,
Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya,
Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia,
Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,
Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San
Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia,
South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine,
UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen,
Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

address -- ICRC, 19 av de la Paix, CH-1202 Geneva, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 734 60 01

FAX -- [41] (22) 733 82 80

established -- NA 1863

aim -- to provide humanitarian aid in wartime

members -- (25 individuals) all Swiss nationals

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU)

address -- International Trade Union House, Bd Emile Jacqmain 155,
B-1210 Brussels, Belgium

telephone -- [32] (2) 224 02 11

FAX -- [32] (2) 218 84 15, 219 75 03

established -- NA December 1949

aim -- to promote the trade union movement

members -- (164 national organizations in the following 118 areas)
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas,
Bangladesh, Barbados, Basque Country, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda,
Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde,
Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Curacao,
Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Falkland Islands, Fiji, Finland,
France, French Polynesia, Gabon, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong, Iceland,
India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati,
South Korea, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Luxembourg, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Montserrat, Morocco,
Netherlands, New Caledonia, NZ, Nicaragua, Norway, Pakistan, Panama,
Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
Puerto Rico, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UK, US, Venezuela,
Western Samoa, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Court of Justice (ICJ)

note -- also known as the World Court

address -- Peace Palace, NL-2517 KJ The Hague, Netherlands

telephone -- [31] (70) 302 23 23

FAX -- [31] (70) 364 99 28

established -- 26 June 1945

effective -- 24 October 1945

aim -- primary judicial organ of the UN

members -- (15 judges) elected by the UN General Assembly and Security
Council to represent all principal legal systems

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

address -- BP 6041, F-69411 Lyon CEDEX 06, France

telephone -- [33] 71 44 70 00

FAX -- [33] 72 44 71 63

established -- 13 June 1956

aim -- to promote international cooperation among police authorities
in fighting crime

members -- (176) Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan,
The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei,
Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape
Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo,
Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El
Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France,
Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada,
Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy,
Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea,
Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein,
Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands,
Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco,
Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles,
NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua
New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar,
Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland,
Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad
and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay,
Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

subbureaus -- (13) American Samoa, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin
Islands, Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Guam, Hong Kong, Macau,
Montserrat, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos
Islands

International Development Association (IDA)

address -- 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 477 12 34

established -- 26 January 1960

effective -- 24 September 1960

aim -- UN specialized agency and IBRD affiliate that provides economic
loans for low income countries

members -- (157)

Part I -- (24 more economically advanced countries) Australia,
Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway,
Russia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, UAE, UK, US

Part II -- (133 less developed nations) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria,
Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bhutan,
Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China,
Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon,
The Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Indonesia,
Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea,
Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico,
Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco,
Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama,
Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra
Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu,
Vietnam, Western Samoa, Yemen, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Energy Agency (IEA)

address -- 2 rue Andre Pascal, F-75775 Paris CEDEX 16, France

telephone -- [33] (1) 45 24 82 00

FAX -- [33] (1) 45 24 99 88

established -- 15 November 1974

aim -- to promote cooperation on energy matters, especially emergency
oil sharing and relations between oil consumers and oil producers;
established by the OECD

members -- (23) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,
UK, US

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS)

note -- formerly known as League of Red Cross and Red Crescent
Societies (LORCS)

established -- 5 May 1919

aim -- to provide humanitarian aid in peacetime

members -- (151) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina,
Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados,
Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina,
Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central
African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica,
Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji,
Finland, France, The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada,
Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan,
Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia,
Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia,
Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao
Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Slovakia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania,
Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,
UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Samoa, Yemen,
Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

associate members -- (13) Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Comoros,
Cyprus, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kiribati, Namibia, Saint Kitts and
Nevis, Seychelles, Suriname, Tuvalu, Vanuatu

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

address -- 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 477 1234

FAX -- [1] (202) 477 6391

established -- 25 May 1955

effective -- 20 July 1956

aim -- to support private enterprise in international economic
development; a UN specialized agency and IBRD affiliate

members -- (161) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil,
Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo,
Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador,
Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon,
The Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos,
Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico,
Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique,
Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway,
Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo,
Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK,
US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Samoa,
Yemen, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

address -- Via del Serafico 107, I-00142 Rome, Italy

telephone -- [39] (6) 54591

FAX -- [39] (6) 5043463

established -- NA November 1974

aim -- to promote agricultural development; a UN specialized agency

members -- (157)

Category I -- (21 industrialized aid contributors) Australia, Austria,
Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland,
Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, UK, US

Category II -- (12 petroleum-exporting aid contributors) Algeria,
Gabon, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia, UAE, Venezuela

Category III -- (124 aid recipients) Afghanistan, Albania, Angola,
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Botswana, Brazil, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape
Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia,
Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia,
Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt,
El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, The Gambia,
Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, India, Israel, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, North Korea, South
Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Oman, Pakistan,
Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal,
Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra
Leone, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,
Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Vietnam,
Western Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia (suspended), Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Investment Bank (IIB)

established on 7 July 1970; to promote economic development; members
were Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Mongolia,
Poland, Romania, USSR, Vietnam; now it is a Russian bank with a new
charter

International Labor Organization (ILO)

address -- International Labor Office, 4 route des Morillons, CH-1211
Geneva 22, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 799 61 11

FAX -- [41] (22) 798 86 85

established -- 11 April 1919 (affiliated with the UN 14 December 1946)

aim -- UN specialized agency concerned with world labor issues

members -- (171) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde,
Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros,
Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia,
Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras,
Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel,
Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait,
Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova,
Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,
Russia, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi
Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan,
Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan,
Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia (suspended), Zaire, Zambia,
Zimbabwe

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

note -- name changed from Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative
Organization (IMCO) on 22 May 1982

address -- 4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, UK

telephone -- [44] (71) 735 7611

FAX -- [44] (71) 587 3210

established -- 17 March 1958

aim -- to deal with international maritime affairs; a UN specialized
agency

members -- (149) Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda,
Argentina, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape
Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire,
Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea,
Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia,
Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau,
Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran,
Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan,
Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia,
Libya, Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ,
Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia,
Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,
Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia (suspended), Zaire

associate members -- (2) Hong Kong, Macau

International Maritime Satellite Organization (INMARSAT)

address -- 99 City Road, London EC1Y 1AX, UK

telephone -- [44] (71) 728 1000

FAX -- [44] (71) 728 1044

established -- 3 September 1976

effective -- 26 July 1979

aim -- to provide worldwide communications for maritime shipping and
other applications

members -- (75) Algeria, Argentina, Australia, The Bahamas, Bahrain,
Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Cameroon,
Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Greece,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, South
Korea, Kuwait, Liberia, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco,
Mozambique, Netherlands, NZ, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi
Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Yugoslavia

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

address -- 700 19th Street NW, Washington, DC 20431, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 623 7000

FAX -- [1] (202) 623 4661, 623 7491, 623 4662

established -- 22 July 1944

effective -- 27 December 1945

aim -- to promote world monetary stability and economic development; a
UN specialized agency

members -- (179) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and
Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize,
Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica,
Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial
Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The
Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos,
Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia,
Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco,
Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia,
South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden,
Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine,
UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western
Samoa, Yemen, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

note -- there are 194 National Olympic Committees of which 185 are
recognized by the International Olympic Committee

address -- Chateau de Vidy, CH-1007 Lausanne, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (21) 621 61 11

FAX -- [41] (21) 621 62 16

established -- 23 June 1894

aim -- to promote the Olympic ideals and administer the Olympic games:
1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States (20 July-4 August);
1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan (date NA); 2000 Summer Olympics
in Sydney, Australia (date NA)

National Olympic Committees -- (193 and the Palestine Liberation
Organization) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Andorra,
Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Aruba, Australia,
Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados,
Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei,
Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde,
Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China,
Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire,
Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea,
Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia,
Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana,
Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran,
Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazahkstan,
Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia,
Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia,
Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay,
Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qatar, Romania,
Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan,
Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan,
Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands, Western Samoa, Yemen,
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Palestine
Liberation Organization ----- International Organization for Migration
(IOM)

note -- established as Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the
Movement of Migrants from Europe; renamed Intergovernmental Committee
for European Migration (ICEM) on 15 November 1952; renamed
Intergovernmental Committee for Migration (ICM) in November 1980;
current name adopted 14 November 1989

address -- 17 route des Morillons, CP 71, CH-1211 Geneva 19,
Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 717 91 11

FAX -- [41] (22) 798 61 50

established -- 5 December 1951

aim -- to facilitate orderly international emigration and immigration

members -- (52) Albania, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia,
Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa
Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El
Salvador, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras,
Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kenya, South Korea, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru,
Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland,
Thailand, Uganda, US, Uruguay, Venezuela, Zambia

observers -- (44) Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria,
Cape Verde, Czech Republic, Federation of Ethnic Communities' Council
of Australia Inc., Georgia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Holy See, India,
Indonesia, Iran, Japan International Friendship and Welfare
Foundation, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco,
Mozambique, Namibia, NZ, Niwano Peace Foundation, Partnership with the
Children of the Third World, Presiding Bishop's Fund for World
Relief/Episcopal Church, Refugee Council of Australia, Romania,
Russia, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Somalia, Spain, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, UK, Vietnam,
Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

address -- CP 56, 1 rue de Varembe, CH-1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 749 01 11

FAX -- [41] (22) 733 34 30

established -- NA February 1947

aim -- to promote the development of international standards

members -- (76 national standards organizations) Albania, Algeria,
Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil,
Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy,
Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Libya, Malaysia,
Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Pakistan,
Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia,
Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden,
Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia,
Turkey, Ukraine, UK, US, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam,
Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

correspondent members -- (19) Bahrain, Barbados, Brunei, Estonia, Hong
Kong, Jordan, Kuwait, Lithuania, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Nepal,
Oman, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Qatar, Turkmenistan, Uganda, UAE

subscriber members -- (4) Antigua and Barbuda, Burundi, Grenada, Saint
Lucia

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM)

address -- CICR, 19 Av de la Paix, CH-1202 Geneva, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 734 60 01

FAX -- [41] (22) 733 20 57

established -- NA 1928

aim -- to promote worldwide humanitarian aid through the International
Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in wartime, and International
Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS; formerly
League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies or LORCS) in peacetime

National Societies -- (161 countries) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria,
Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, The
Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin,
Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi,
Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic,
Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire,
Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji,
Finland, France, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala,
Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan,
Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon,
Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal,
Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Panama,
Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal,
Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe,
Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka,
Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania,
Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda,
Ukraine, UAR, UK, US, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western
Samoa, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

address -- Place des Nations, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland

telephone -- [41] (22) 730 51 11

FAX -- [41] (22) 733 72 56

established -- 9 December 1932

effective -- 1 January 1934

affiliated with the UN -- 15 November 1947

aim -- to deal with world telecommunications issues; UN specialized
agency

members -- (184) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola,
Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria,
Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus,
Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burma, Burundi, Cambodia,
Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,
China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia,
Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia,
Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany,
Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana,
Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran,
Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan,
Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos,
Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mexico, Federated States of Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, NZ,
Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania,
Russia, Rwanda, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome
and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri
Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria,
Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago,
Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay,
Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Western Samoa, Yemen,
Yugoslavia (suspended), Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT)

address -- INTELSAT, 3400 International Drive NW, Washington, DC
20008-3098, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 944 6800

FAX -- [1] (202) 944 7860

established -- 20 August 1971

effective -- 12 February 1973

aim -- to develop and operate a global commercial telecommunications
satellite system

members -- (134) Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia,
Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belgium, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Burkina,
Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile,
China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El
Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Germany, Ghana,
Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary,
Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy,
Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, South Korea, Kuwait,
Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Federated
States of Micronesia, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal,
Netherlands, NZ, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan,
Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland,
Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal,
Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland,
Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and
Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, UAE, UK, US, Uruguay, Venezuela,
Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

nonsignatory users -- (50) Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Belarus,
Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burma, Burundi,
Cambodia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Cuba, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea,
Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Kiribati, North Korea, Laos,
Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Moldova, Mongolia,
Nauru, Niue, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines, Suriname, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu,
Ukraine, Vanuatu, Western Samoa

Islamic Development Bank (IDB)

address -- P.O. Box 5925, Jeddah 21432, Saudi Arabia

telephone -- [966] (2) 6361400

FAX -- [966] (2) 6366871

established -- 15 December 1973

aim -- to promote Islamic economic aid and social development

members -- (48 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin,
Brunei, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Gabon, The
Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait,
Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,
Morocco, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra
Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Uganda, UAE, Yemen, Palestine Liberation Organization

Latin American Economic System (LAES)

note -- also known as Sistema Economico Latinoamericana (SELA)

address -- SELA, Avda Francisco de Miranda, Torre Europa, piso 4,
Chacaito, Apartado de Correos 17035, Caracas 1010-A, Venezuela

telephone -- [58] (2) 905 5111

FAX -- [58] (2) 951 6953, 951 7246

established -- 17 October 1975

aim -- to promote economic and social development through regional
cooperation

members -- (27) Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico,
Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago,
Uruguay, Venezuela

Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)

note -- also known as Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integracion
(ALADI)

address -- Calle Cebollati 1461, Casilla de Correo 577, 11000
Montevideo, Uruguay

telephone -- [598] (2) 40 11 21, 49 59 15

FAX -- [598] (2) 49 06 49

established -- 12 August 1980

effective -- 18 March 1981

aim -- to promote freer regional trade

members -- (11) Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador,
Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

observers -- (16) Commission of the European Communities, Costa Rica,
Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras,
Inter-American Development Bank, Italy, Nicaragua, Organization of
American States, Panama, Portugal, Spain, United Nations Development
Program, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the
Caribbean

League of Arab States (LAS)

see -- Arab League (AL)

League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (LORCS)

see -- International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent
Societies (IFRCS)

least developed countries (LLDCs)

that subgroup of the less developed countries (LDCs) initially
identified by the UN General Assembly in 1971 as having no significant
economic growth, per capita GDPs normally less than $1,000, and low
literacy rates; also known as the undeveloped countries. The 42 LLDCs
are: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Burkina, Burma,
Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros,
Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Guinea,
Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Malawi, Maldives, Mali,
Mauritania, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe,
Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu,
Western Samoa, Yemen

less developed countries (LDCs)

the bottom group in the hierarchy of developed countries (DCs), former
USSR/Eastern Europe (former USSR/EE), and less developed countries
(LDCs); mainly countries and dependent areas with low levels of
output, living standards, and technology; per capita GDPs are
generally below $5,000 and often less than $1,500; however, the group
also includes a number of countries with high per capita incomes,
areas of advanced technology, and rapid rates of growth; includes the
advanced developing countries, developing countries, Four Dragons
(Four Tigers), least developed countries (LLDCs), low-income
countries, middle-income countries, newly industrializing economies
(NIEs), the South, Third World, underdeveloped countries, undeveloped
countries; the 172 LDCs are: Afghanistan, Algeria, American Samoa,
Angola, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, The Bahamas,
Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia,
Botswana, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Burkina, Burma,
Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central
African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Christmas Island, Cocos Islands,
Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire,
Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt,
El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Islands,
Fiji, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, The Gambia, Gaza Strip,
Ghana, Gibraltar, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala,
Guernsey, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong,
India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jersey, Jordan, Kenya,
Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Macau, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali,
Isle of Man, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mayotte, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Montserrat,
Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New
Caledonia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Island, Northern
Mariana Islands, Oman, Palau, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea,
Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Islands, Puerto Rico, Qatar,
Reunion, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome
and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname,
Swaziland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau, Tonga,
Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turks and Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, UAE,
Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virgin Islands, Wallis
and Futuna, West Bank, Western Sahara, Western Samoa, Yemen, Zaire,
Zambia, Zimbabwe

low-income countries

another term for those less developed countries with below-average per
capita GDPs; see less developed countries (LDCs)

London Suppliers Group

see -- Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

Mercado Comun del Cono Sur (MERCOSUR)

see -- Southern Cone Common Market

middle-income countries

another term for those less developed countries with above-average per
capita GDPs; see less developed countries (LDCs)

Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

established -- April 1987

aim -- to arrest missile proliferation by controlling the export of
key missile technologies and equipment

members -- (25) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada,
Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,
Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US

Near Abroad

the 14 non-Russian successor states of the USSR, in which 25 million
ethnic Russians live and in which Moscow has expressed a strong
national security interest

newly industrializing countries (NICs)

former term for the newly industrializing economies; see newly
industrializing economies (NIEs)

newly industrializing economies (NIEs)

that subgroup of the less developed countries (LDCs) that has
experienced particularly rapid industrialization of their economies;
formerly known as the newly industrializing countries (NICs); also
known as advanced developing countries; usually includes the Four
Dragons (Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan), and Brazil

Nonaligned Movement (NAM)

address -- c/o Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Jalan Taman Pejambon 6,
Jakarta PUSAT, Indonesia

established -- 1-6 September 1961

aim -- to establish political and military cooperation apart from the
traditional East or West blocs

members -- (110 plus the Palestine Liberation Organization)
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh,
Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brunei, Burkina,
Burma, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba,
Cyprus, Djibouti, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon,
The Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana,
Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, North
Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar,
Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger,
Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines,
Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia,
Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa,
Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand,
Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, UAE, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu,
Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe,
Palestine Liberation Organization

observers -- (19) Afro-Asian Solidarity Organization, Antigua and
Barbuda, Arab League, Armenia, Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Croatia,
Dominica, El Salvador, Kanaka Socialist National Liberation Front (New
Caledonia), Mexico, Mongolia, Organization of African Unity,
Organization of the Islamic Conference, Papua New Guinea, Socialist
Party of Puerto Rico, UN, Uruguay

guests -- (21) Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Canada, Dominican Republic, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland

Nordic Council (NC)

address -- Tyrgatan 7, Box 19506, S-104 32 Stockholm, Sweden

telephone -- [46] (8) 453 47 00

FAX -- [46] (8) 411 75 36

established -- 16 March 1952

effective -- 12 February 1953

aim -- to promote regional economic, cultural, and environmental
cooperation

members -- (5) Denmark (including Faroe Islands and Greenland),
Finland (including Aland Islands), Iceland, Norway, Sweden

observers -- the Sami (Lapp) local parliaments of Finland, Norway, and
Sweden

Nordic Investment Bank (NIB)

address -- Fabiansgatan 34, PB 249 SF-00171 Helsinki, Finland

telephone -- [358] (0) 18001

FAX -- [358] (0) 1800309

established -- 4 December 1975

effective -- 1 June 1976

aim -- to promote economic cooperation and development

members -- (5) Denmark (including Faroe Islands and Greenland),
Finland (including Aland Islands), Iceland, Norway, Sweden

North

a popular term for the rich industrialized countries generally located
in the northern portion of the Northern Hemisphere; the counterpart of
the South; see developed countries (DCs)

North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC)

note -- an extension of NATO

address -- c/o NATO, B-1110 Brussels, Belgium

telephone -- [32] (2) 728 41 11

FAX -- [32] (2) 728 45 79

established -- 8 November 1991

effective -- 20 December 1991

aim -- to discuss cooperation on mutual political and security issues

members -- (38) Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium,
Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Georgia,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Tajikistan, Turkey,
Turkmenistan, Ukraine, UK, US, Uzbekistan

observer -- (1) Finland

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

address -- B-110 Brussels, Belgium

telephone -- [32] (2) 728 41 11

FAX -- [32] (2) 728 45 79

established -- 17 September 1949

aim -- to promote mutual defense and cooperation

members -- (16) Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece,
Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Turkey, UK, US

Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)

address -- Le Seine St. Germain, 12 bd des Iles, F-92130 Issy-les-
Moulineaux, France

telephone -- [33] (1) 45 24 10 10

FAX -- [33] (1) 45 24 11 10

established -- NA 1958

aim -- to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear energy; associated with
OECD

members -- (23) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK,
US

Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

note -- also known as the London Suppliers Group

address -- c/o IAEA, Wagramerstrasse 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna,
Austria

telephone -- [43] (1) 2360 2045

FAX -- [43] (1) 234564

established -- 1974

aim -- to establish guidelines for exports of technical information,
processing equipment for uranium enrichment and nuclear materials to
countries of proliferation concern and regions of conflict and
instability

members -- (28) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland,
Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,
Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, US

observers -- (2) Argentina, European Commission

Organismo para la Proscripcion de las Armas Nucleares en la America Latina y
el Caribe (OPANAL)

see -- Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America
and the Caribbean (OPANAL)

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

address -- 2 rue Andre Pascal, F-75775 Paris CEDEX 16, France

telephone -- [33] (1) 45 24 82 00

FAX -- [33] (1) 45 24 85 00, 45 24 81 76

established -- 14 December 1960

effective -- 30 September 1961

aim -- to promote economic cooperation and development

members -- (25) Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg,
Mexico, Netherlands, NZ, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey, UK, US

special member -- (1) EU

Organization of African Unity (OAU)

address -- P. O. Box 3243, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

telephone -- [251] (1) 517700

FAX -- [251] (1) 512622

established -- 25 May 1963

aim -- to promote unity and cooperation among African states

members -- (53) Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi,
Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo,
Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho,
Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sahrawi Arab Democratic
Republic, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone,
Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia,
Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Organization of American States (OAS)

address -- corner of 17th Street and Constitution Avenue NW,
Washington, DC 20006, USA

telephone -- [1] (202) 458 3000 FAX [1] (202) 458 3967

established -- 30 April 1948

effective -- 13 December 1951

aim -- to promote regional peace and security as well as economic and
social development

members -- (35) Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, The Bahamas, Barbados,
Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba
(excluded from formal participation since 1962), Dominica, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti,
Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint
Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, US, Uruguay, Venezuela

observers -- (31) Algeria, Angola, Austria, Belgium, Central American
Parliament, Commission of the European Communities, Cyprus, Egypt,
Equatorial Guinea, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Holy See,
Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Morocco,
Netherlands, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi
Arabia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)

address -- POB 20501, Safat 13066, Kuwait

telephone -- [965] 5340713

FAX -- [965] 5340694

established -- 9 January 1968

aim -- to promote cooperation in the petroleum industry

members -- (10) Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Qatar,
Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE

Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)

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