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The 1995 CIA World Factbook

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self-sufficient in food

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug
trade; transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin destined
for Europe and the US

Economic aid:
recipient: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $455 million;
Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-89), $2.6 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $78 million;
Communist countries (1970-89) $106 million

Currency: 1 new cedi (C) = 100 pesewas

Exchange rates: new cedis per US$1 - 1,046.74 (December 1994), 936.71
(1994), 649.06 (1993), 437.09 (1992), 367.83 (1991), 326.33 (1990)

Fiscal year: calendar year

@Ghana:Transportation

Railroads:
total: 953 km; note - undergoing major renovation
narrow gauge: 953 km 1.067-m gauge (32 km double track)

Highways:
total: 32,250 km
paved: concrete, bituminous 6,084 km
unpaved: gravel, crushed stone, improved earth 26,166 km

Inland waterways: Volta, Ankobra, and Tano Rivers provide 168 km of
perennial navigation for launches and lighters; Lake Volta provides
1,125 km of arterial and feeder waterways

Pipelines: none

Ports: Takoradi, Tema

Merchant marine:
total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 27,427 GRT/35,894 DWT
ships by type: cargo 2, refrigerated cargo 1

Airports:
total: 12
with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 2
with paved runways under 914 m: 2
with unpaved runways 1,524 to 2,438 m: 2
with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 2

@Ghana:Communications

Telephone system: 42,300 telephones; poor to fair system; telephone
density - 2.4/1,000 persons
local: NA
intercity: primarily microwave radio relay
international: 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station

Radio:
broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 1, shortwave 0
radios: NA

Television:
broadcast stations: 4 (translators 8)
televisions: NA

@Ghana:Defense Forces

Branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Force, Palace Guard, Civil
Defense

Manpower availability: males age 15-49 3,975,767; males fit for
military service 2,217,032; males reach military age (18) annually
170,723 (1995 est.)

Defense expenditures: exchange rate conversion - $108 million, 1.5% of
GDP (1993)

________________________________________________________________________

GIBRALTAR

(dependent territory of the UK)

@Gibraltar:Geography

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar,
which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the
southern coast of Spain

Map references: Europe

Area:
total area: 6.5 sq km
land area: 6.5 sq km
comparative area: about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington,
DC

Land boundaries: total 1.2 km, Spain 1.2 km

Coastline: 12 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 3 nm

International disputes: source of occasional friction between Spain
and the UK

Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers

Terrain: a narrow coastal lowland borders The Rock

Natural resources: negligible

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
meadows and pastures: 0%
forest and woodland: 0%
other: 100%

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Environment:
current issues: limited natural freshwater resources, so large
concrete or natural rock water catchments collect rain water
natural hazards: NA
international agreements: NA

Note: strategic location on Strait of Gibraltar that links the North
Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea

@Gibraltar:People

Population: 31,874 (July 1995 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 24% (female 3,757; male 3,835)
15-64 years: 63% (female 9,730; male 10,485)
65 years and over: 13% (female 2,360; male 1,707) (July 1995 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.62% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 15 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 8.85 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 7.9 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 76.61 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 79.48 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.29 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Gibraltarian(s)
adjective: Gibraltar

Ethnic divisions: Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, Spanish

Religions: Roman Catholic 74%, Protestant 11% (Church of England 8%,
other 3%), Moslem 8%, Jewish 2%, none or other 5% (1981)

Languages: English (used in schools and for official purposes),
Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Russian

Literacy: NA%

Labor force: 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers)
note: UK military establishments and civil government employ nearly
50% of the labor force

@Gibraltar:Government

Names:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Gibraltar

Digraph: GI

Type: dependent territory of the UK

Capital: Gilbraltar

Administrative divisions: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Independence: none (dependent territory of the UK)

National holiday: Commonwealth Day (second Monday of March)

Constitution: 30 May 1969

Legal system: English law

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal, plus other UK subjects resident
six months or more

Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Governor and Commander in Chief Gen. Sir John CHAPPLE
(since NA March 1993)
head of government: Chief Minister Joe BOSSANO (since 25 March 1988)
Gibraltar Council: advises the governor
cabinet: Council of Ministers; appointed from the elected members of
the Assembly by the governor in consultation with the chief minister

Legislative branch: unicameral
House of Assembly: elections last held on 16 January 1992 (next to be
held January 1996); results - SL 73.3%; seats - (18 total, 15 elected)
number of seats by party NA

Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders: Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party (SL),
Joe BOSSANO; Gibraltar Labor Party/Association for the Advancement of
Civil Rights (GCL/AACR), leader NA; Gibraltar Social Democrats, Peter
CARUANA; Gibraltar National Party, Joe GARCIA

Other political or pressure groups: Housewives Association; Chamber of
Commerce; Gibraltar Representatives Organization

Member of: INTERPOL (subbureau)

Diplomatic representation in US: none (dependent territory of the UK)

US diplomatic representation: none (dependent territory of the UK)

Flag: two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a
three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from
the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band

@Gibraltar:Economy

Overview: Gibraltar benefits from an extensive shipping trade and
offshore banking. The British military presence has been severely
reduced and now only contributes about 11% to the local economy. The
financial sector accounts for 15% of GDP; tourism, shipping services
fees, and duties on consumer goods also generate revenue. Because more
than 70% of the economy is in the public sector, changes in government
spending have a major impact on the level of employment.

National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $205 million (1993
est.)

National product real growth rate: NA%

National product per capita: $6,600 (1993 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (1988)

Unemployment rate: NA%

Budget:
revenues: $116 million
expenditures: $124 million, including capital expenditures of $NA
(1992-93)

Exports: $57 million (f.o.b., 1992)
commodities: (principally re-exports) petroleum 51%, manufactured
goods 41%, other 8%
partners: UK, Morocco, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, US, FRG

Imports: $420 million (c.i.f., 1992)
commodities: fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs
partners: UK, Spain, Japan, Netherlands

External debt: $318 million (1987)

Industrial production: growth rate NA%

Electricity:
capacity: 47,000 kW
production: 90 million kWh
consumption per capita: 2,539 kWh (1993)

Industries: tourism, banking and finance, construction, commerce;
support to large UK naval and air bases; transit trade and supply
depot in the port; light manufacturing of tobacco, roasted coffee,
ice, mineral waters, candy, beer, and canned fish

Agriculture: none

Economic aid:
recipient: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-88), $800,000;
Western (non-US) countries and ODA bilateral commitments (1992-93),
$2.5 million

Currency: 1 Gibraltar pound (#G) = 100 pence

Exchange rates: Gibraltar pounds (#G) per US$1 - 0.6350 (January
1995), 0.6529 (1994), 0.6658 (1993), 0.5664 (1992), 0.5652 (1991),
0.5603 (1990); note - the Gibraltar pound is at par with the British
pound

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

@Gibraltar:Transportation

Railroads:
total: NA km; 1.000-m gauge system in dockyard area only

Highways:
total: 50 km
paved: 50 km

Pipelines: none

Ports: Gibraltar

Merchant marine:
total: 23 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 419,707 GRT/721,110 DWT
ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 3, chemical tanker 1, container 2, oil
tanker 14

Airports:
total: 1
with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

@Gibraltar:Communications

Telephone system: 9,400 telephones; adequate, automatic domestic
system and adequate international radiocommunication and microwave
facilities
local: NA
intercity: NA
international: 1 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean) earth station

Radio:
broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 6, shortwave 0
radios: NA

Television:
broadcast stations: 4
televisions: NA

@Gibraltar:Defense Forces

Branches: British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Air Force

Note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

________________________________________________________________________

GLORIOSO ISLANDS

(possession of France)

@Glorioso Islands:Geography

Location: Southern Africa, group of islands in the Indian Ocean,
northwest of Madagascar

Map references: Africa

Area:
total area: 5 sq km
land area: 5 sq km
comparative area: about 8.5 times the size of The Mall in Washington,
DC
note: includes Ile Glorieuse, Ile du Lys, Verte Rocks, Wreck Rock, and
South Rock

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 35.2 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: claimed by Madagascar

Climate: tropical

Terrain: NA

Natural resources: guano, coconuts

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
meadows and pastures: 0%
forest and woodland: 0%
other: 100% (all lush vegetation and coconut palms)

Irrigated land: 0 sq km

Environment:
current issues: NA
natural hazards: periodic cyclones
international agreements: NA

@Glorioso Islands:People

Population: uninhabited

@Glorioso Islands:Government

Names:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Glorioso Islands
local long form: none
local short form: Iles Glorieuses

Digraph: GO

Type: French possession administered by Commissioner of the Republic,
resident in Reunion

Capital: none; administered by France from Reunion

Independence: none (possession of France)

@Glorioso Islands:Economy

Overview: no economic activity

@Glorioso Islands:Transportation

Ports: none; offshore anchorage only

Airports:
total: 1
with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 1

@Glorioso Islands:Defense Forces

Note: defense is the responsibility of France

________________________________________________________________________

GREECE

@Greece:Geography

Location: Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and
the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey

Map references: Europe

Area:
total area: 131,940 sq km
land area: 130,800 sq km
comparative area: slightly smaller than Alabama

Land boundaries: total 1,210 km, Albania 282 km, Bulgaria 494 km,
Turkey 206 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 228 km

Coastline: 13,676 km

Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 6 nm

International disputes: complex maritime, air, and territorial
disputes with Turkey in Aegean Sea; Cyprus question; dispute with The
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia over name, symbols, and certain
constitutional provisions; Greece is involved in a bilateral dispute
with Albania over border demarcation, the treatment of Albania's
ethnic Greek minority, and migrant Albanian workers in Greece

Climate: temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers

Terrain: mostly mountains with ranges extending into sea as peninsulas
or chains of islands

Natural resources: bauxite, lignite, magnesite, petroleum, marble

Land use:
arable land: 23%
permanent crops: 8%
meadows and pastures: 40%
forest and woodland: 20%
other: 9%

Irrigated land: 11,900 sq km (1989 est.)

Environment:
current issues: air pollution; water pollution
natural hazards: severe earthquakes
international agreements: party to - Air Pollution, Antarctic Treaty,
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental
Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands;
signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds,
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea

Note: strategic location dominating the Aegean Sea and southern
approach to Turkish Straits; a peninsular country, possessing an
archipelago of about 2,000 islands

@Greece:People

Population: 10,647,511 (July 1995 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 18% (female 904,374; male 947,494)
15-64 years: 67% (female 3,601,029; male 3,565,931)
65 years and over: 15% (female 919,044; male 709,639) (July 1995 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.72% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 10.56 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 9.31 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 8.3 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.92 years
male: 75.39 years
female: 80.59 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.46 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Greek(s)
adjective: Greek

Ethnic divisions: Greek 98%, other 2%
note: the Greek Government states there are no ethnic divisions in
Greece

Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%

Languages: Greek (official), English, French

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1991)
total population: 95%
male: 98%
female: 93%

Labor force: 4.077 million
by occupation: services 52%, agriculture 23%, industry 25% (1994)

@Greece:Government

Names:
conventional long form: Hellenic Republic
conventional short form: Greece
local long form: Elliniki Dhimokratia
local short form: Ellas
former: Kingdom of Greece

Digraph: GR

Type: presidential parliamentary government; monarchy rejected by
referendum 8 December 1974

Capital: Athens

Administrative divisions: 52 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos);
Aitolia kai Akarnania, Akhaia, Argolis, Arkadhia, Arta, Attiki,
Dhodhekanisos, Dhrama, Evritania, Evros, Evvoia, Florina, Fokis,
Fthiotis, Grevena, Ilia, Imathia, Ioannina, Iraklion, Kardhitsa,
Kastoria, Kavala, Kefallinia, Kerkira, Khalkidhiki, Khania, Khios,
Kikladhes, Kilkis, Korinthia, Kozani, Lakonia, Larisa, Lasithi,
Lesvos, Levkas, Magnisia, Messinia, Pella, Pieria, Piraievs, Preveza,
Rethimni, Rodhopi, Samos, Serrai, Thesprotia, Thessaloniki, Trikala,
Voiotia, Xanthi, Zakinthos, autonomous region: Agion Oros (Mt. Athos)

Independence: 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)

National holiday: Independence Day, 25 March (1821) (proclamation of
the war of independence)

Constitution: 11 June 1975

Legal system: based on codified Roman law; judiciary divided into
civil, criminal, and administrative courts

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Konstantinos (Kostis) STEPHANOPOULOS (since
10 March 1995) election last held 10 March 1995 (next to be held by NA
2000); results - Konstantinos STEPHANOPOULOS was elected by Parliament

head of government: Prime Minister Andreas PAPANDREOU (since 10
October 1993)
cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the president on recommendation of the
prime minister

Legislative branch: unicameral
Chamber of Deputies (Vouli ton Ellinon): elections last held 10
October 1993 (next to be held by NA October 1997); results - PASOK
46.88%, ND 39.30%, Political Spring 4.87%, KKE 4.54%, and Progressive
Left (replaced by Coalition of the Left and Progress) 2.94%; seats -
(300 total) PASOK 170, ND 111, Political Spring 10, KKE 9

Judicial branch: Supreme Judicial Court, Special Supreme Tribunal

Political parties and leaders: New Democracy (ND; conservative),
Miltiades EVERT; Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK), Andreas
PAPANDREOU; Communist Party (KKE), Aleka PAPARIGA;
Ecologist-Alternative List, leader rotates; Political Spring, Antonis
SAMARAS; Coalition of the Left and Progress (Synaspismos), Nikolaos
KONSTANTOPOULOS

Member of: Australia Group, BIS, BSEC, CCC, CE, CERN, EBRD, EC, ECE,
EIB, FAO, G- 6, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA,
IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC,
IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MTCR, NACC, NAM (guest), NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS
(observer), OECD, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM,
UPU, WEU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Diplomatic representation in US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Loucas TSILAS
chancery: 2221 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 939-5800
FAX: [1] (202) 939-5824
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles,
New York, and San Francisco
consulate(s): New Orleans

US diplomatic representation:
chief of mission: Ambassador Thomas M.T. NILES
embassy: 91 Vasilissis Sophias Boulevard, 10160 Athens
mailing address: PSC 108, Athens; APO AE 09842
telephone: [30] (1) 721-2951, 8401
FAX: [30] (1) 645-6282
consulate(s) general: Thessaloniki

Flag: nine equal horizontal stripes of blue alternating with white;
there is a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white
cross; the cross symbolizes Greek Orthodoxy, the established religion
of the country

@Greece:Economy

Overview: Greece has a mixed capitalist economy with the basic
entrepreneurial system overlaid in 1981-89 by a socialist system that
enlarged the public sector from 55% of GDP in 1981 to about 70% in
1989. Since then, the public sector has been reduced to about 60% of
GDP. Tourism continues as a major source of foreign exchange, and
agriculture is self-sufficient except for meat, dairy products, and
animal feedstuffs. Over the last decade, real GDP growth has averaged
1.6% a year, compared with the European Union average of 2.2%.
Inflation continues to be well above the EU average, and the national
debt has reached 140% of GDP, the highest in the EU. Prime Minister
PAPANDREOU will probably make only limited progress correcting the
economy's problems of high inflation, large budget deficit, and
decaying infrastructure. His economic program suggests that although
he will shun his expansionary policies of the 1980s, he will avoid
tough measures needed to slow inflation or reduce the state's role in
the economy. He has limited the previous government's privatization
plans, for example, and has called for generous welfare spending and
real wage increases. Athens continues to rely heavily on EU aid, which
recently has amounted to about 6% of GDP. Greece almost certainly will
not meet the EU's Maastricht Treaty convergence targets of public
deficit held to 3% of GDP and national debt to 60% of GDP by 1999. Per
capita GDP has fallen below Portugal's level, the lowest among EU
members.

National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $93.7 billion (1994
est.)

National product real growth rate: 0.4% (1994 est.)

National product per capita: $8,870 (1994 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 10.9% (1994 est.)

Unemployment rate: 10.1% (1994 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $28.3 billion
expenditures: $37.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $5.2
billion (1994)

Exports: $9 billion (f.o.b., 1993)
commodities: manufactured goods 53%, foodstuffs 34%, fuels 5%
partners: Germany 24%, Italy 14%, France 7%, UK 6%, US 4% (1993)

Imports: $19.2 billion (f.o.b., 1993)
commodities: manufactured goods 72%, foodstuffs 15%, fuels 10%
partners: Germany 16%, Italy 14%, France 7%, Japan 7%, UK 6% (1993)

External debt: $26.9 billion (1993)

Industrial production: growth rate 3.2% (1993 est.); accounts for 18%
of GDP

Electricity:
capacity: 8,970,000 kW
production: 35.8 billion kWh
consumption per capita: 3,257 kWh (1993)

Industries: tourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals,
metal products, mining, petroleum

Agriculture: including fishing and forestry, accounts for 12% of GDP;
principal products - wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives,
tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; self-sufficient in food except
meat, dairy products, and animal feedstuffs

Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis and limited opium; mostly
for domestic production; serves as a gateway to Europe for traffickers
smuggling cannabis and heroin from the Middle East and Southwest Asia
to the West and precursor chemicals to the East; transshipment point
for Southwest Asian heroin transiting the Balkan route

Economic aid:
recipient: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-81), $525 million;
Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-89), $1.39 billion

Currency: 1 drachma (Dr) = 100 lepta

Exchange rates: drachmae (Dr) per US$1 - 238.20 (January 1995), 242.60
(1994), 229.26 (1993), 190.62 (1992), 182.27 (1991), 158.51 (1990)

Fiscal year: calendar year

@Greece:Transportation

Railroads:
total: 2,503 km
standard gauge: 1,565 km 1.435-m gauge (36 km electrified; 100 km
double track)
narrow gauge: 887 km 1,000-m gauge; 22 km 0.750-m gauge; 29 km 0.600-m
gauge

Highways:
total: 130,000 km
paved: 119,210 km (116 km expressways)
unpaved: 10,790 km (1990)

Inland waterways: 80 km; system consists of three coastal canals;
including the Corinth Canal (6 km) which crosses the Isthmus of
Corinth connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf and
shortens the sea voyage from the Adriatic to Piraievs (Piraeus) by 325
km; and three unconnected rivers

Pipelines: crude oil 26 km; petroleum products 547 km

Ports: Alexandroupolis, Elevsis, Iraklion (Crete), Kavala, Kerkira,
Khalkis, Igoumenitsa, Lavrion, Patrai, Piraievs (Piraeus),
Thessaloniki, Volos

Merchant marine:
total: 1,046 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 29,076,911
GRT/53,618,024 DWT
ships by type: bulk 469, cargo 105, chemical tanker 22, combination
bulk 21, combination ore/oil 31, container 40, liquefied gas tanker 5,
oil tanker 239, passenger 14, passenger-cargo 3, refrigerated cargo
10, roll-on/roll-off cargo 16, short-sea passenger 67, specialized
tanker 3, vehicle carrier 1
note: ethnic Greeks also own 125 ships under Liberian registry, 323
under Panamanian, 705 under Cypriot, 351 under Maltese, and 100 under
Bahamian

Airports:
total: 79
with paved runways over 3,047 m: 5
with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 15
with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 16
with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 17
with paved runways under 914 m: 22
with unpaved runways 1,524 to 2,438 m: 1
with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 3

@Greece:Communications

Telephone system: 4,080,000 telephones; adequate, modern networks
reach all areas; microwave radio relay carries most traffic; extensive
open-wire network; submarine cables to off-shore islands
local: NA
intercity: microwave radio relay and open wire
international: tropospheric links, 8 submarine cables; 2 INTELSAT (1
Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 EUTELSAT ground station

Radio:
broadcast stations: AM 29, FM 17 (repeaters 20), shortwave 0
radios: NA

Television:
broadcast stations: 361
televisions: NA

@Greece:Defense Forces

Branches: Hellenic Army, Hellenic Navy, Hellenic Air Force, National
Guard, Police

Manpower availability: males age 15-49 2,676,152; males fit for
military service 2,046,996; males reach military age (21) annually
75,857 (1995 est.)

Defense expenditures: exchange rate conversion - $4.1 billion, 5.4% of
GDP (1994)

________________________________________________________________________

GREENLAND

(part of the Danish realm)

@Greenland:Geography

Location: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and
the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

Map references: Arctic Region

Area:
total area: 2,175,600 sq km
land area: 383,600 sq km (ice free)
comparative area: slightly more than three times the size of Texas

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 44,087 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 3 nm

International disputes: none

Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow,
mountainous, barren, rocky coast

Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, cryolite,
uranium, fish

Land use:
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
meadows and pastures: 1%
forest and woodland: 0%
other: 99%

Irrigated land: 0 sq km

Environment:
current issues: NA
natural hazards: continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the
island
international agreements: NA

Note: dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe;
sparse population confined to small settlements along coast

@Greenland:People

Population: 57,611 (July 1995 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 27% (female 7,664; male 7,881)
15-64 years: 68% (female 17,761; male 21,580)
65 years and over: 5% (female 1,500; male 1,225) (July 1995 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.05% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 17.7 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 7.2 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 25.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 67.65 years
male: 63.33 years
female: 71.98 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.25 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Greenlander(s)
adjective: Greenlandic

Ethnic divisions: Greenlander 86% (Eskimos and Greenland-born
Caucasians), Danish 14%

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran

Languages: Eskimo dialects, Danish

Literacy: NA%

Labor force: 22,800
by occupation: largely engaged in fishing, hunting, sheep breeding

@Greenland:Government

Names:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Greenland
local long form: none
local short form: Kalaallit Nunaat

Digraph: GL

Type: part of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas administrative
division

Capital: Nuuk (Godthab)

Administrative divisions: 3 municipalities (kommuner, singular -
kommun); Nordgronland, Ostgronland, Vestgronland

Independence: none (part of the Danish realm; self-governing overseas
administrative division)

National holiday: Birthday of the Queen, 16 April (1940)

Constitution: 5 June 1953 (Danish constitution)

Legal system: Danish

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972),
represented by High Commissioner Steen SPORE (since NA 1993)
head of government: Home Rule Chairman Lars Emil JOHANSEN (since 15
March 1991)
cabinet: Landsstyre; formed from the Landsting on basis of strength of
parties

Legislative branch: unicameral
Parliament (Landsting): elections last held on 4 March 1995 (next to
be held 5 March 1999); results - Siumut 38.5%, Inuit Ataqatigiit
20.3%, Atassut Party 29.7%; seats - (31 total) Siumut 12, Atassut
Party 10, Inuit Ataqatigiit 6, conservative splinter grouping 2,
independent 1
Danish Folketing: last held on 21 September 1994 (next to be held by
September 1998); Greenland elects two representatives to the
Folketing; results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (2 total)
Liberals 1, Social Democrats 1; note - Greenlandic representatives are
affiliated with Danish political parties

Judicial branch: High Court (Landsret)

Political parties and leaders: two-party ruling coalition; Siumut
(Forward Party, a moderate socialist party that advocates more
distinct Greenlandic identity and greater autonomy from Denmark), Lars
Emil JOHANSEN, chairman; Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA) (Eskimo Brotherhood, a
Marxist-Leninist party that favors complete independence from Denmark
rather than home rule), Josef MOTZFELDT; Atassut Party (Solidarity, a
more conservative party that favors continuing close relations with
Denmark), Daniel SKIFTE; AKULLIIT, Bjarne KREUTZMANN; Issituup (Polar
Party), Nicolai HEINRICH

Diplomatic representation in US: none (self-governing overseas
administrative division of Denmark)

US diplomatic representation: none (self-governing overseas
administrative division of Denmark)

Flag: two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a large
disk slightly to the hoist side of center - the top half of the disk
is red, the bottom half is white

@Greenland:Economy

Overview: Greenland's economic situation at present is difficult.
Unemployment is increasing, and prospects for economic growth in the
immediate future are dim. Following the closing of the Black Angel
lead and zinc mine in 1989, Greenland became almost completely
dependent on fishing and fish processing, the sector accounting for
95% of exports. Prospects for fisheries are not bright, as the
important shrimp catches will at best stabilize and cod catches have
dropped. Resumption of mining and hydrocarbon activities is not around
the corner, thus leaving only tourism with some potential for the near
future. The public sector in Greenland, i.e., the central government
and its commercial entities and the municipalities, plays a dominant
role in Greenland accounting for about two-thirds of total employment.
About half the government's revenues come from grants from the Danish
Government.

National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $NA

National product real growth rate: NA%

National product per capita: $NA

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.3% (1993 est.)

Unemployment rate: 6.6% (1993 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $667 million
expenditures: $635 million, including capital expenditures of $103.8
million (1993 est.)

Exports: $330.5 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
commodities: fish and fish products 95%
partners: Denmark 79%, Benelux 9%, Germany 5%

Imports: $369.6 million (c.i.f., 1993 est.)
commodities: manufactured goods 28%, machinery and transport equipment
24%, food and live animals 12.4%, petroleum products 12%
partners: Denmark 65%, Norway 8.8%, US 4.6%, Germany 3.8%, Japan 3.8%,
Sweden 2.4%

External debt: $297.1 million (1993)

Industrial production: growth rate NA%

Electricity:
capacity: 84,000 kW
production: 210 million kWh
consumption per capita: 3,361 kWh (1993)

Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp), lead and zinc mining,
handicrafts, some small shipyards, potential for platinum and gold
mining

Agriculture: sector dominated by fishing and sheep raising; crops
limited to forage and small garden vegetables; 1988 fish catch of
133,500 metric tons

Economic aid: none

Currency: 1 Danish krone (DKr) = 100 oere

Exchange rates: Danish kroner (DKr) per US$1 - 6.034 (January 1995),
6.361 (1994), 6.484 (1993), 6.036 (1992), 6.396 (1991), 6.189 (1990)

Fiscal year: calendar year

@Greenland:Transportation

Railroads: 0 km

Highways:
total: 150 km
paved: 60 km
unpaved: 90 km

Ports: Faeringehavn, Frederikshaab, Holsteinsborg, Nanortalik, Narsaq,
Nuuk (Godthaab), Sondrestrom

Merchant marine: none

Airports:
total: 10
with paved runways over 3,047 m: 1
with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 1
with paved runways under 914 m: 2
with unpaved runways 1,524 to 2,438 m: 1
with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 3

@Greenland:Communications

Telephone system: 17,900 telephones; adequate domestic and
international service provided by cables and microwave radio relay
local: NA
intercity: microwave radio relay
international: 2 coaxial submarine cables; 1 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean)
earth station

Radio:
broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 7 (repeaters 35), shortwave 0
radios: NA

Television:
broadcast stations: 4 (repeaters 9)
televisions: NA

@Greenland:Defense Forces

Note: defense is responsibility of Denmark

________________________________________________________________________

GRENADA

@Grenada:Geography

Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad
and Tobago

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total area: 340 sq km
land area: 340 sq km
comparative area: slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 121 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: none

Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains

Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

Land use:
arable land: 15%
permanent crops: 26%
meadows and pastures: 3%
forest and woodland: 9%
other: 47%

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Environment:
current issues: NA
natural hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season
lasts from June to November
international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law
of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

Note: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is
divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

@Grenada:People

Population: 94,486 (July 1995 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 43% (female 20,076; male 20,824)
15-64 years: 52% (female 23,123; male 25,828)
65 years and over: 5% (female 2,514; male 2,121) (July 1995 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.45% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 29.69 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 5.95 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -19.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 12.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 70.67 years
male: 68.2 years
female: 73.17 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.85 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Grenadian(s)
adjective: Grenadian

Ethnic divisions: black African

Religions: Roman Catholic, Anglican, other Protestant sects

Languages: English (official), French patois

Literacy: age 15 and over has ever attended school (1970)
total population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 98%

Labor force: 36,000
by occupation: services 31%, agriculture 24%, construction 8%,
manufacturing 5%, other 32% (1985)

@Grenada:Government

Names:
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Grenada

Digraph: GJ

Type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Saint George's

Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and
Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint
John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick

Independence: 7 February 1974 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day, 7 February (1974)

Constitution: 19 December 1973

Legal system: based on English common law

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952),
represented by Governor General Reginald Oswald PALMER (since 6 August
1992)
head of government: Prime Minister George BRIZAN (since 1 February
1994)
cabinet: Cabinet; appointed by the governor general on advice of the
prime minister

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament
Senate: consists of a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government
and 3 by the Leader of the Opposition
House of Representatives: elections last held on 13 March 1990 (next
to be held by NA July 1995); results - percent of vote by party NA;
seats - (15 total) NDC 7, GULP 4, TNP 2, NNP 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders: National Democratic Congress (NDC),
George BRIZAN; Grenada United Labor Party (GULP), Sir Eric GAIRY; The
National Party (TNP), Ben JONES; New National Party (NNP), Keith
MITCHELL; Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (MBPM), Terrence MARRYSHOW

Member of: ACP, C, CARICOM, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, GATT, IBRD, ICAO,
ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO
(subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Denneth MODESTE
chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561

US diplomatic representation:
chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Ollie P. ANDERSON, Jr.
embassy: Point Salines, Saint George's
mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's, Grenada, W.I.
telephone: [1] (809) 444-1173 through 1178
FAX: [1] (809) 444-4820

Flag: a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and
bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side) with a red
border around the flag; there are seven yellow five-pointed stars with
three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red
border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag;
there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle
(Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after
Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative
divisions

@Grenada:Economy

Overview: The economy is essentially agricultural and centers on the
traditional production of spices and tropical plants. Agriculture
accounts for about 15% of GDP and 80% of exports and employs 24% of
the labor force. Tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner,
followed by agricultural exports. Manufacturing remains relatively
undeveloped, but is expected to grow, given a more favorable private
investment climate since 1983. The economy achieved an impressive
average annual growth rate of 5.5% in 1986-91 but has stalled since
1992. Unemployment remains high at about 25%.

National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $258 million (1993
est.)

National product real growth rate: 0.5% (1993 est.)

National product per capita: $2,750 (1993 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.6% (1993 est.)

Unemployment rate: 25% (1994 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $82.2 million (1993 est.)
expenditures: $74.3 million, including capital expenditures of $11.8
million (1993 est.)

Exports: $18.6 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
commodities: bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing,
mace
partners: Netherlands, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, United States

Imports: $133.8 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
commodities: food 25%, manufactured goods 22%, machinery 20%,
chemicals 10%, fuel 6% (1989)
partners: US 29%, UK, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, Canada (1989)

External debt: $89.9 million (1993)

Industrial production: growth rate 1.8% (1992 est.); accounts for 9%
of GDP

Electricity:
capacity: 12,500 kW
production: 60 million kWh
consumption per capita: 639 kWh (1993)

Industries: food and beverage, textile, light assembly operations,
tourism, construction

Agriculture: accounts for 14% of GDP and 80% of exports; bananas,
cocoa, nutmeg, and mace account for two-thirds of total crop
production; world's second-largest producer and fourth-largest
exporter of nutmeg and mace; small-sized farms predominate, growing a
variety of citrus fruits, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, and
vegetables

Economic aid:
recipient: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY84-89), $60 million;
Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-89), $70 million; Communist countries (1970-89), $32 million

Currency: 1 EC dollar (EC$) = 100 cents

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars (EC$) per US$1 - 2.70 (fixed
rate since 1976)

Fiscal year: calendar year

@Grenada:Transportation

Railroads: 0 km

Highways:
total: 1,000 km
paved: 600 km
unpaved: otherwise improved 300 km; unimproved earth 100 km

Ports: Grenville, Saint George's

Merchant marine: none

Airports:
total: 3
with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
with paved runways under 914 m: 1

@Grenada:Communications

Telephone system: 5,650 telephones; automatic, islandwide telephone
system; new SHF radio links to the islands of Trinidad, Tobago, and
Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to the islands of Trinidad and
Carriacou
local: NA
intercity: NA
international: SHF, VHF, and UHF radio communications

Radio:
broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0
radios: NA

Television:
broadcast stations: 1
televisions: NA

@Grenada:Defense Forces

Branches: Royal Grenada Police Force, Coast Guard

Defense expenditures: $NA, NA% of GDP

________________________________________________________________________

GUADELOUPE

(overseas department of France)

@Guadeloupe:Geography

Location: Caribbean, islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea, southeast
of Puerto Rico

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total area: 1,780 sq km
land area: 1,706 sq km
comparative area: 10 times the size of Washington, DC
note: Guadeloupe is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands, of which
Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, and Marie-Galante are the three largest

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 306 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: none

Climate: subtropical tempered by trade winds; relatively high humidity

Terrain: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains;
Grand-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other
islands are volcanic in origin

Natural resources: cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster
tourism

Land use:
arable land: 18%
permanent crops: 5%
meadows and pastures: 13%
forest and woodland: 40%
other: 24%

Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1989 est.)

Environment:
current issues: NA
natural hazards: hurricanes (June to October); La Soufriere is an
active volcano
international agreements: NA

@Guadeloupe:People

Population: 402,815 (July 1995 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 26% (female 51,069; male 52,922)
15-64 years: 66% (female 134,328; male 130,875)
65 years and over: 8% (female 19,318; male 14,303) (July 1995 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.24% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 18.15 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 5.58 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.2 years
male: 74.16 years
female: 80.38 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.95 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Guadeloupian(s)
adjective: Guadeloupe

Ethnic divisions: black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian,
Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%

Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 5%

Languages: French, creole patois

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1982)
total population: 90%
male: 90%
female: 90%

Labor force: 120,000
by occupation: services, government, and commerce 53.0%, industry
25.8%, agriculture 21.2%

@Guadeloupe:Government

Names:
conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe
conventional short form: Guadeloupe
local long form: Departement de la Guadeloupe
local short form: Guadeloupe

Digraph: GP

Type: overseas department of France

Capital: Basse-Terre

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: National Day, Taking of the Bastille, 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:
chief of state: President Francois MITTERRAND (since 21 May 1981)
head of government: Prefect Franck PERRIEZ (since NA 1992); President
of the General Council Dominique LARIFLA (since NA); President of the
Regional Council Lucette MICHAUX-CHEVRY (since 22 March 1992)
cabinet: Council of Ministers

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council and unicameral Regional
Council
General Council: elections last held NA March 1992 (next to be held by
NA 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (43 total)
FRUI.G 13, RPR/DUD 13, PPDG 8, FGPS 3, PCG 3, UPLG 1, PSG 1,
independent 1
Regional Council: elections last held on 31 January 1993 (next to be
held by 16 March 1998); results - RPR/DUD 48.30%, FGPS 17.09%, FRUI.G
7.44%, PPDG 8.90%, UPLG 7.75% PCG 6.05%; seats - (41 total) seats by
party NA
French Senate: elections last held in September 1986 (next to be held
September 1995); Guadeloupe elects two representatives; results -
percent of vote by party NA; seats - (2 total) PCG 1, FGPS 1
French National Assembly: elections last held on 21 and 28 March 1993
(next to be held March 1998); Guadeloupe elects four representatives;
results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (4 total) FGPS 1, RPR
1, PPDG 1, independent 1

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal (Cour d'Appel) with jurisdiction over
Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique

Political parties and leaders: Rally for the Republic (RPR), Aldo
BLAISE; Communist Party of Guadeloupe (PCG), Christian Medard CELESTE;
Socialist Party (FGPS), Georges LOUISOR; Popular Union for the
Liberation of Guadeloupe (UPLG), Lucien PERATIN; FGPS Dissidents
(FRUI.G); Union for French Democracy (UDF), Simon BARLAGNE;
Progressive Democratic Party (PPDG), Henri BANGOU

Other political or pressure groups: Popular Union for the Liberation
of Guadeloupe (UPLG); Movement for Independent Guadeloupe (MPGI);
General Union of Guadeloupe Workers (UGTG); General Federation of
Guadeloupe Workers (CGT-G); Christian Movement for the Liberation of
Guadeloupe (KLPG)

Member of: FZ, WCL, WFTU

Diplomatic representation in US: none (overseas department of France)

US diplomatic representation: none (overseas department of France)

Flag: the flag of France is used

@Guadeloupe:Economy

Overview: The economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry,
and services. It is also dependent upon France for large subsidies and
imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US. In
addition, an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the
islands. The traditionally important sugarcane crop is slowly being
replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50%
of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root
crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is
still dependent on imported food, which comes mainly from France.
Light industry consists mostly of sugar and rum production. Most
manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially
high among the young.

National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $3.8 billion (1993
est.)

National product real growth rate: NA%

National product per capita: $9,000 (1993 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.7% (1990)

Unemployment rate: 31.3% (1990)

Budget:
revenues: $400 million
expenditures: $671 million, including capital expenditures of $NA
(1989)

Exports: $130 million (f.o.b., 1992)
commodities: bananas, sugar, rum
partners: France 70%, Martinique 17% (1991)

Imports: $1.5 billion (c.i.f., 1992)
commodities: foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles, clothing and other consumer
goods, construction materials
partners: France 60%, EC, US, Japan (1991)

External debt: $NA

Industrial production: growth rate NA%

Electricity:
capacity: 320,000 kW
production: 650 million kWh
consumption per capita: 1,421 kWh (1993)

Industries: construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism

Agriculture: cash crops - bananas, sugarcane; other products include
tropical fruits and vegetables; livestock - cattle, pigs, goats; not
self-sufficient in food

Economic aid:
recipient: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-88), $4 million;
Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
(1970-89), $8.235 billion

Currency: 1 French franc (F) = 100 centimes

Exchange rates: French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.9243 (January 1995),
5.5520 (1994), 5.6632 (1993), 5.2938 (1992), 5.6421 (1991), 5.4453
(1990)

Fiscal year: calendar year

@Guadeloupe:Transportation

Railroads:
total: NA km; privately owned, narrow-gauge plantation lines

Highways:
total: 1,940 km
paved: 1,600 km
unpaved: gravel, earth 340 km

Ports: Basse-Terre, Gustavia, Marigot, Pointe-a-Pitre

Merchant marine: none

Airports:
total: 9
with paved runways over 3,047 m: 1
with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 2
with paved runways under 914 m: 6

@Guadeloupe:Communications

Telephone system: 57,300 telephones; domestic facilities inadequate
local: NA
intercity: NA
international: 1 INTELSAT (Atlantic Ocean) earth station; interisland
microwave radio relay to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Martinique

Radio:
broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 8 (private stations licensed to broadcast
FM 30), shortwave 0
radios: NA

Television:
broadcast stations: 9
televisions: NA

@Guadeloupe:Defense Forces

Branches: French Forces, Gendarmerie

Note: defense is responsibility of France

________________________________________________________________________

GUAM

(territory of the US)

@Guam:Geography

Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about
three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Map references: Oceania

Area:
total area: 541.3 sq km
land area: 541.3 sq km
comparative area: slightly more than three times the size of
Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 125.5 km

Maritime claims:
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: none

Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by
northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season
from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat
coraline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water) with steep
coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in
center, mountains in south

Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially
from Japan)

Land use:
arable land: 11%
permanent crops: 11%
meadows and pastures: 15%
forest and woodland: 18%
other: 45%

Irrigated land: NA sq km

Environment:
current issues: NA
natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively
rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August)

international agreements: NA

Note: largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands
archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean

@Guam:People

Population: 153,307 (July 1995 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: NA
15-64 years: NA
65 years and over: NA

Population growth rate: 2.42% (1995 est.)

Birth rate: 25.01 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Death rate: 3.86 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Net migration rate: 3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 15.17 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 74.29 years
male: 72.42 years
female: 76.13 years (1995 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.32 children born/woman (1995 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Guamanian(s)
adjective: Guamanian

Ethnic divisions: Chamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, Caucasian 10%, Chinese,
Japanese, Korean, and other 18%

Religions: Roman Catholic 98%, other 2%

Languages: English, Chamorro, Japanese

Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990)
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99%

Labor force: 46,930 (1990)
by occupation: federal and territorial government 40%, private 60%
(trade 18%, services 15.6%, construction 13.8%, other 12.6%) (1990)

@Guam:Government

Names:
conventional long form: Territory of Guam
conventional short form: Guam

Digraph: GQ

Type: organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy
relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office
of Territorial and International Affairs, US Department of the
Interior

Capital: Agana

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Independence: none (territory of the US)

National holiday: Guam Discovery Day (first Monday in March) (1521);
Liberation Day, 21 July

Constitution: Organic Act of 1 August 1950

Legal system: modeled on US; federal laws apply

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in
US presidential elections

Executive branch:
chief of state: President William Jefferson CLINTON (since 20 January
1993); Vice President Albert GORE, Jr. (since 20 January 1993)
head of government: Governor Carl GUTIERREZ (since 8 November 1994);
Lieutenant Governor Madeleine BORDALLO (since 8 November 1994);
election last held 8 November 1994 (next to be held NA November 1998);
results - Carl GUTIERREZ (Democrat) was elected Governor and Madeleine
BORDALLO (Democrat) was elected Lieutenant Governor
cabinet: executive departments; heads appointed by the governor with
the consent of the Guam legislature

Legislative branch: unicameral
Legislature: elections last held 8 November 1994 (next to be held NA
November 1996); results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (21
total) Democrats 14, Republican 7
US House of Representatives: elections last held 8 November 1994 (next
to be held NA November 1996); Guam elects one delegate; results -
Robert UNDERWOOD was reelected as delegate; seats - (1 total) Democrat
1

Judicial branch: Federal District Court, Territorial Superior Court

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party (controls the
legislature); Republican Party (party of the Governor)

Member of: ESCAP (associate), INTERPOL (subbureau), IOC, SPC

Diplomatic representation in US: none (territory of the US)

US diplomatic representation: none (territory of the US)

Flag: territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all
four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse
containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree
with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the
national flag

@Guam:Economy

Overview: The economy depends mainly on US military spending and on
revenues from tourism. Over the past 20 years the tourist industry has
grown rapidly, creating a construction boom for new hotels and the
expansion of older ones. Visitors numbered about 900,000 in 1992. The
slowdown in Japanese economic growth has been reflected in less
vigorous growth in the tourism sector. About 60% of the labor force
works for the private sector and the rest for government. Most food
and industrial goods are imported, with about 75% from the US. Guam
faces the problem of building up the civilian economic sector to
offset the impact of military downsizing.

National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $2 billion (1991
est.)

National product real growth rate: NA%

National product per capita: $14,000 (1991 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4% (1992 est.)

Unemployment rate: 2% (1992 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $525 million
expenditures: $395 million, including capital expenditures of $NA
(1991)

Exports: $34 million (f.o.b., 1984)
commodities: mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products,
construction materials, fish, food and beverage products
partners: US 25%, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands 63%, other
12%

Imports: $493 million (c.i.f., 1984)
commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured
goods
partners: US 23%, Japan 19%, other 58%

External debt: $NA

Industrial production: growth rate NA%

Electricity:
capacity: 300,000 kW
production: 750 million kWh
consumption per capita: 4,797 kWh (1993)

Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment
services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing,
textiles

Agriculture: relatively undeveloped with most food imported; fruits,
vegetables, eggs, pork, poultry, beef, copra

Economic aid: although Guam receives no foreign aid, it does receive
large transfer payments from the general revenues of the US Federal
Treasury into which Guamanians pay no income or excise taxes; under
the provisions of a special law of Congress, the Guamanian Treasury,
rather than the US Treasury, receives federal income taxes paid by
military and civilian Federal employees stationed in Guam

Currency: 1 United States dollar (US$) = 100 cents

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

@Guam:Transportation

Railroads: 0 km

Highways:
total: 674 km (all-weather roads)
paved: NA
unpaved: NA

Ports: Apra Harbor

Merchant marine: none

Airports:
total: 5
with paved runways over 3,047 m: 2
with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
with paved runways under 914 m: 1

@Guam:Communications

Telephone system: 26,317 telephones (1989)
local: NA
intercity: NA
international: 2 INTELSAT (Pacific Ocean) earth stations

Radio:
broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 0
radios: NA

Television:
broadcast stations: 3
televisions: NA

@Guam:Defense Forces

Note: defense is the responsibility of the US

________________________________________________________________________

GUATEMALA

@Guatemala:Geography

Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between
Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El
Salvador and Mexico

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:
total area: 108,890 sq km
land area: 108,430 sq km
comparative area: slightly smaller than Tennessee

Land boundaries: total 1,687 km, Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km,
Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km

Coastline: 400 km

Maritime claims:
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

International disputes: border with Belize in dispute; talks to
resolve the dispute are stalled

Climate: tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling
limestone plateau (Peten)

Natural resources: petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle

Land use:
arable land: 12%
permanent crops: 4%
meadows and pastures: 12%
forest and woodland: 40%
other: 32%

Irrigated land: 780 sq km (1989 est.)

Environment:
current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution
natural hazards: numerous volcanoes in mountains, with frequent
violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other
tropical storms
international agreements: party to - Antarctic Treaty, Endangered
Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified -
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Biodiversity, Climate Change,
Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea

Note: no natural harbors on west coast

@Guatemala:People

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