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Studies in Civics by James T. McCleary

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REPLY.

(_Title of cause._)

The reply of the plaintiff to the facts set forth in the answer of the
defendant, denies each and every allegation therein contained.

J.T. (_Verified._)

ADJOURNMENT.

(_Title of cause._)

(_Venue._) A.M., being duly sworn, says, that he is the defendant in this
action; that J.C.S., who resides in the town of _________, in said county,
is a material witness for this defendant, without whose testimony he
cannot safely proceed to the trial of this action; that the said J.C.S.,
if examined as a witness on the trial, will testify that he was present at
the time the horse mentioned in the answer was purchased, and heard the
plaintiff say to the defendant, "the horse is sound, and I warrant him
so;" that he heard this defendant reply, "well, I shall rely entirely upon
your warranty;" and that thereupon defendant gave his note for the balance
of the purchase money of the horse.

That on the _____ day of _________, 18_____, he procured a subpoena for
the said J.C.S., and went with the same to his residence to serve the
same, when he there learned for the first time that said J.C.S. had
unexpectedly left home the day before and had gone to _________, in the
state of _________, to be absent (three) weeks. That he knows of no other
person by whom he can prove these facts; and that he expects to be able to
procure the attendance of said J.C.S. as a witness on the trial, if this
cause is adjourned for (thirty) days.

A.M.

(_Jurat_.)

SUBPOENA.

State of ____, } ss.
County of ___}

The State of _________ to J.K., J.L. and G.G.:

You are hereby required to appear before the undersigned, one of the
justices of the peace in and for said county, at my office in the town of
_________, on the _____ day of _________, 18_____, at _____ o'clock in the
_________ noon of said day, to give evidence in a certain cause then and
there to be tried between J.T., plaintiff, and A.M., defendant, on the
part of the plaintiff (or defendant.)

Given under my hand this _____ day of _________, 18_____.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

ATTACHMENT AGAINST WITNESS.

(_Venue_.)

The State of _________ to the sheriff or any constable of said county:

You are hereby commanded to attach the body of S.K.B., if he shall be
found in your county, and bring him forthwith before the undersigned, one
of the justices of the peace in and for said county, at my office in the
town of _________, in said county, to give evidence in a certain cause now
pending before me, between J.T., plaintiff, and A.M., defendant, on the
part of the defendant (or plaintiff); and also to answer all such matters
as shall be objected against him, for that the said S.K.B., having been
duly subpoenaed to attend at the trial of said action, had refused (or
failed without just cause) to attend, in conformity to said subpoena; and
have you then and there this writ.

Given under my hand, etc. W.B.D., Justice of the Peace.

CONSTABLE'S JURY LIST.

(_Title of cause_.)

List of names of (twenty-four) inhabitants of the county of _________,
qualified to serve as jurors in the district court of said county, made by
me as directed by said justice of the peace, from which to impanel a jury
in the above entitled cause.

G.W., Constable.

Dated, etc.

John J. Cooke, X

Allan K. Ware,

X Jared S. Benson,

Walter G. Brown,

George W. Jones,

Elias Bedall,

Erick Peterson,

Patrick Kelly, X

X Thomas O. Jones,

Julius Graetz,

John Shannon, X

X David F. Lamb,

Wm. W. Wertsel,

X Daniel G Pratt,

Horace S Roberts, X

J.W. Everstine,

Aaron M Ozmun,

X Ole T. Ruhd,

Lars Anderson,

Conrad Schacht,

O.P. Whitcomb,

X J.Q. Leonard,

Zera Fairman, X

Russell Blakely. X

** Names struck off by plaintiff checked on the right; by defendant
checked on the left.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

VENIRE.

State of __________,}
County of _________}ss.

The State of __________ to the sheriff or any constable of said county:

You are hereby commanded to summon (here insert the names in full), to be
and appear before the undersigned, one of the justices of the peace in and
for said county, on the ______ day of __________, 18______, at ______
o'clock in the ______noon of said day, in the (town) of __________, in
said county, to make a jury for the trial of a civil action between J.T.,
plaintiff, and A.M., defendant, and have you then and there this writ.

Given under my hand this ______ day of __________, A.D. 18______.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

RETURN.

(_Venue_.)

I hereby certify that, by virtue of the within writ, I have personally
summoned as jurors the several persons named therein, viz. (give the list
served; and if any are not served, add): and that the following named
persons could not be found (giving their names.)

Dated this ______ day of __________, 18______. G.W., Constable. Fees,
etc.

WARRANT FOR JUROR.

State of __________,}
County of _________}ss.

The State of __________ to the sheriff or any constable of said county:

Whereas, on the ______ day of __________, A. D. 18______, a venire was
duly issued by the undersigned, one of the justices of the peace of the
said county, in the case of J.T. _vs_ A. M., then pending before me as
such justice; and, whereas, one E.F. was duly named as juror therein, and
said venire was duly served upon said E.F. by G.H., a constable of said
county; and, whereas, the said E.F. failed to appear as such juror, or to
render any reasonable excuse for his default, as appears from the return
of said constable, and from my docket; now, therefore, you are hereby
commanded forthwith to apprehend the said E.F. and bring him before me to
show cause why he should not be fined for contempt in not obeying said
writ, and to be further dealt with according to law.

Given under my hand, etc.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

DOCKET.

(_With oral pleadings, jury trial, execution, etc._)

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

In Justice Court.

Before W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

J.T., Plaintiff,

_against_

A.M., Defendant.

PLAINTIFF'S COSTS.

_Justice's Fees_.

Summons...............$ 25
Complaint............. 15
Answer................ 15
Reply................. 15
Adjournment........... 15
Oath, 2d adjt......... 15
2d adjournment........ 15
Filing two papers..... 10
3d adjournment........ 15
Swearing jury......... 25
Oath, nine witnesses.. 1 35
Oath, officer......... 15
Judgment.............. 25
Taxing costs.......... 15

$3 55

_Constable's Fees_.

On summons............$1 10
Jury list............. 15
Summoning jury........ 1 00
1 day's att. court.... 1 00
Attending jury........ 50

$3 75

_Plaintiff's Witnesses_.
W.A.,att. and mil.....$1 48
L.D., " " ..... 1 24
Z.S., " " ..... 1 12
J.B., " " ..... 1 36

$5 20

$12 50

August l, 1887.--Summons issued, returnable August 9,1887, at 1 o'clock
P.M.

August 5.--Summons returned by Constable S. (Here give the return of the
officer.)

August 9, 1 P.M.--Parties appeared and joined issue. Plaintiff complained
orally upon a promissory note, and delivered the same to the court, and
stated that there was due him $80 and interest thereon, which he claimed
to recover Of defendant; verified the same. Defendant answered orally,
alleging that said note was given for a horse, which horse was warranted
to be sound, whereas, in fact, it was unsound, claiming $100 damages
thereby; verified. Plaintiff replied orally, denying the warranty;
verified. Plaintiff then applied for an adjournment, and the suit was
adjourned to August 16, 1887, at 1 P.M., at my office.

August 16, 1 P.M.--Parties appeared, and defendant applied for an
adjournment of thirty days, to obtain material witness, and having shown
cause therefor, upon oath, the suit was adjourned to September 16, 1887,
at 1 P.M., at my office.

September 16, 1887, 1 P.M.--Parties appeared, and defendant demanded a
jury of twelve persons, paying their fees. Venire issued and delivered to
Constable G.W. Cause adjourned to September 17, 1887, at 1 P.M., at my
office, to give time to summon the jury, and for them to appear.

September 17, 1 P.M.--Parties appear. Two of the jurors not appearing,
G.D. and E.F. were summoned as talesmen. The following jurors were sworn:
(Give the list.) The following witnesses were sworn for the plaintiff:
(Note in order in the docket all exceptions taken to any testimony.) The
following witnesses were sworn for the defendant, etc. The following
witnesses were sworn in rebuttal, etc. (All exceptions to rulings of the
court are to be noted in the docket in order whenever they occur.)

September 17, 5 P.M.--After hearing the testimony, the jury retire, under
charge of Constable G.W., sworn for that purpose.

6 P.M.--Jury returned into court, and say that they find for the plaintiff
for the sum of $86.00.

Judgment rendered thereupon against the defendant for $86.00 and costs of
suit, taxed at $12.50, on this 17th day of September, 1887.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

September 29, 1887.--Execution issued for $86.00, and interest from
September 17, and for $12.50 costs, and delivered to Constable G.W. to
collect.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

October 11.--Execution returned satisfied.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace.

October 15,1887.--Received the above judgment and costs in full.

J.T., Plaintiff.

OATH TO JURORS.

"You do solemnly swear that you will well and truly try the matters in
difference between the parties in this cause, and a true verdict give,
according to the evidence given you in court and the laws of this state.
So help you God."

OATH TO WITNESS.

"You do solemnly swear that the evidence you shall give relative to the
cause now under consideration shall be the whole truth, and nothing but
the truth. So help you God."

OATH TO OFFICER.

"You do solemnly swear that you will keep this jury together in some
suitable place, without food or drink, unless ordered by the court; that
you will suffer no person to speak to them upon the matters submitted to
their charge until they are agreed, nor will you speak to them yourself
about the cause, except to ask them whether they are agreed; that you will
permit no person to listen to, or overhear, any conversation or discussion
they may have while deliberating on their verdict; that you will not
disclose their verdict nor any conversation they may have respecting the
cause, until they have delivered their verdict in court, or been
discharged by order of the court. So help you God."

EXECUTION.

State of __________,}
County of _________}ss.

The state of _________ to the sheriff or any constable of said county:

Whereas, judgment against A.M. for the sum of (eighty-six) dollars, lawful
money of the United States, and for (twelve) dollars and (fifty) cents,
costs of suit, was recovered the _____ day of _________, 18_____, before
me, at the suit of J.T.; these are therefore to command you to levy
distress on the goods and chattels of the said A.M. (excepting as the law
exempts), and make sale thereof according to law, in such case made and
provided, to the amount of the said sum, together with twenty-five cents
for this execution, and the same return to me within thirty days, to be
rendered to the said J.T. for his said judgment and costs. Hereof fail
not, under penalty of the law.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace

ENDORSEMENTS ON EXECUTION.

IN JUSTICE COURT

COUNTY OF.........................................

J.T., plaintiff

_against_

A.M., defendant

EXECUTION.

Collect Judgment........$86 00
Costs................... 12 00
______
$98 50

Interest thereon at seven per cent, from Sept. 17, 1887, and your fees.

W.D.D., Justice of the Peace

Received the within execution Sept. 29, 1887.

G.W., Constable.

(See constable's return.)

RETURN OF EXECUTION.

(_Venue_.)

By virtue of the within execution, on this first day of October, 1887, I
have levied on one bay horse about seven years old, one single harness,
and one single buggy, the property of the said A.M.

G.W., Constable.

CONSTABLE'S SALE.

(_Venue_.)

By virtue of an execution issued by E.M., justice of the peace, against
the goods and chattels of A.M., I have seized and taken the following
described property, to-wit: (describing it), which I shall expose for sale
at public vendue to the highest bidder, on Tuesday, the eleventh day of
October, 1887, at ten o'clock A.M. (in front of the postoffice), at _____,
in said county.

G. W., Constable.

Dated Oct. 1, 1887.

FINAL RETURN.

(_Venue_.)

I hereby certify that, by virtue of the within execution, on the first day
of October, 1887, I levied on the goods and chattels in the annexed
inventory named, the property of said A.M., and on the first day of
October, 1887, I advertised the said property for sale by posting up in
three public places in the election district where it was to be sold,
to-wit, in the town of _________, three notices describing said property,
and giving notice of the time and place, when and where the same would be
exposed for sale; that at the time so appointed (naming it), I attended at
the place mentioned in said notice (naming the place), and then and there
exposed the said goods and chattels to sale at public vendue to the
highest bidder; and sold the said horse to John Smith, for $76; the
harness to Edward White, for $13.50; and the buggy to Samuel Jones, for
$23.40, they being the highest bidders therefor; that I have retained
$4.16, my fees and disbursements, from said amount, and have applied
$86.40 in payment of the within execution, Which is hereby returned fully
satisfied.

G. W., Constable.

(Dated and signed.)

_II. Criminal Prosecutions._

OATH TO COMPLAINANT.

"You do solemnly swear that you will true answers make to such questions
as shall be put to you touching this complaint against R.F. So help you
God."

CRIMINAL COMPLAINT.

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

The complaint of J.D., of said county, made before A.J.S., Esq., one of
the justices of the peace in and for said county, who, being duly sworn,
on his oath says, that on the _____ day of _________, 18_____, at the
_____ of _________, in said county, one R.F. did * threaten to beat (or
wound, or maim, or as the case may be) him, the said J.D., and to do him
great bodily harm; (or to burn his dwelling-house; or as the case may be);
and that he has great cause for fear the said R.F. will beat, etc., (as
above.) The said J.D., therefore, prays surety of the peace to be granted
him against the said R.F., and this he does, not from any private malice
or ill-will towards the said R.F., but simply because he is afraid, and
has good cause to fear, that the said R.F. will beat, etc., (as above),
against the form of the statute in such case made and provided, and
against the peace and dignity of the state of Minnesota, * and prays that
the said R.F. may be arrested and dealt with according to law.

J.D.

(_Jurat_.)

A.J.S., Justice of the Peace.

WARRANT.

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

The State of _________ to the sheriff or any constable of said county:

Whereas, J.D. has this day complained in writing to me, on oath, that
R.F., on the _____ day of _________, 18_____, at _________ in said county,
did (insert the statement of the offense, as in the complaint); and prayed
that the said R.F. might be arrested and dealt with according to law; Now,
therefore, you are commanded forthwith to apprehend the said R.F., and
bring him before me, to be dealt with according to law; and you are also
commanded to summon A.B., C.D., and E.F., material witnesses in said
complaint, to appear and testify concerning the same.

Given under my hand this day of, A.D. 18_____.

A.J.S., Justice of the Peace.

RETURN ON WARRANT.

(_Venue_.)

I hereby certify that by virtue of the within warrant I have arrested the
within named defendant, and have him now before the court in custody.

(Fees, etc.)

(Dated.)

J.N., Constable.

RECOGNIZANCE.

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

We, R.F., as principal, and J.B. and L.O., as sureties, of _________, in
said county, acknowledge ourselves to owe and be indebted unto the state
of Minnesota in the sum of (two hundred) dollars, to be levied of our
several goods and chattels, lands and tenements, to the use of said state,
if default be made in the condition following, to-wit:

The condition of this recognizance is such, that if the above bounden R.F.
shall and does keep the peace, and be of good behavior, for the period of
(three months) from the date hereof, towards all the people of this state,
and particularly towards J.D., then this recognizance to be void;
otherwise of force.

R.F.

J.B.

L.O.

Taken and acknowledged before me, etc.

A.J.S., Justice of the Peace.

COMMITMENT.

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

The State of _________ to the sheriff or any constable, and to the keeper
of the common jail of said county:

Whereas, B.F. was, on the _____ day of _________, 18_____, brought before
the undersigned, one of the justices of the peace in and for said county,
charged, on the oath of J.D., with having, on the _____ day of _________,
18_____, at _____, in the said county (here state the offense as charged
in the warrant), and upon examination of the said charge, it appearing to
me that there is just cause to fear that such offense will be committed by
the said R.F., he was ordered to enter into a recognizance, with
sufficient sureties in the sum of ($200), to keep the peace toward all the
people of this state, and especially toward the said J.D., for the term of
(three) months; and the said R.F. having refused (or failed, or
neglected,) to comply with such order: Now, therefore, you, the said
constable, are commanded forthwith to convey and deliver into the custody
of the said keeper the body of the said R.F., and you, the said keeper,
are hereby commanded to receive the said R.F. into your custody in the
said jail, and him there safely kept for the term of (three) months from
the date hereof, or until he so recognizes as aforesaid, or until he shall
thence be discharged by due course of law.

Given under my hand this _____ day of _________, A.D. 18_____.

J.P., Justice of the Peace.

JAILER'S RECEIPT.

(_Venue_.)

I hereby certify that I have received into my custody the within named
R.F., and have lodged him in the common jail of said county, as within
commanded.

Dated, etc.

L.S.P., Sheriff, by G.S., Deputy.

CONSTABLE'S RETURN.

(_Venue_.)

I hereby certify that by virtue of the within warrant I have delivered the
within named R.F. to the keeper of the common jail of the said county, as
appears by his receipt indorsed hereon.

Dated, etc. T.R., Constable.

Fees, etc.

_III. Miscellaneous._

COMPLAINT FOR SEARCH WARRANT.

(Follow form "Criminal Complaint" to the *, then say): Divers goods and
chattels, viz.: (describing them particularly, and their value,) were
feloniously stolen, taken and carried away; and that the said C.W. has
good reason to believe, and does believe, that the said goods and chattels
are concealed in the (dwelling-house) of one J.S., situated in the (town)
of _________, in said county (particularly describing the place), and that
the grounds of his said belief are as follows: (here state the facts and
circumstances on which his belief is founded.) He, therefore, prays that a
warrant may issue to make search for said goods and chattels in said
(dwelling-house) of the said J.S., according to the statute in such case
made and provided.

C.W.

(_Jurat_.)

SEARCH WARRANT.

(Use the general form of warrant, except in the concluding sentence say):
Now, therefore, you are commanded forthwith to enter the (dwelling-house)
of one J.S., situated, etc., (particularly describing the place), and
there make search for the above described property (or, as the case may
be); and if the same, or any part thereof, shall there be found, you are
hereby commanded to bring the same, together with the person(s) in whose
possession the same may be found, before me, to be dealt with according to
law.

Given under my hand, etc.

A.J.S., Justice of the Peace.

_Probate Court._

PETITION FOR ADMISSION OF WILL.

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

In Probate Court.

To the Judge of said Court:

The petition of _________ of said _________, respectfully represents that
_________ late of _________, deceased the _____ day of _________, at
_____, died testate, as petitioner believe; that the instrument in writing
herewith presented to this court, is the last will and testament of said
deceased as petitioner believe; and that _________ the said petitioner
_________ the identical _________ named and appointed in and by said last
will and testament as executor thereof; that the heirs at law of said
deceased are _________.

Your petitioner would further represent, that the goods, chattels and
personal estate of said deceased amount to about _____ dollars; and that
the said deceased left debts due and unpaid to the probable amount of
_____ dollars.

Your petitioner would pray that a day be appointed for hearing the proofs
of said last will and testament, and that public notice thereof be given
to all persons interested, as this court shall direct; and that upon the
proof and allowance of said will, and the approval of the bond of your
petitioner _________, letters testamentary be to _________ issued thereon,
and appraisers and commissioners appointed, according to the rules and
practices of this court.

Dated at _____, this _____ day of _____, A.D. 18_____.

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

On this day of _____, A.D. 18_____, before me personally appeared the
above named _____ and made oath that _____ he heard read the above and
foregoing petition, subscribed by _____ and know the contents thereof, and
that the same is true of _____ own knowledge, except as to the matters
which are therein stated to be on _____ information and belief, and as to
those matters he believe it to be true.

ORDER ADMITTING WILL.

State of _________,}
County of _______,}ss.

In Probate Court. Term _____, 18_____

In the matter of the estate of _____, deceased.

Pursuant to an order of this court made in the above entitled matter, on
the _____ day of _____, 18_____, the hearing of the proofs of that certain
instrument bearing date the _____ day of _____, 18_____, purporting to be
the last will and testament of _____, deceased, came on this day; and it
appearing to the satisfaction of the court that the notice directed in the
order aforesaid to be given, has been given; thereupon _____ and _____,
the subscribing witnesses to said instrument, were duly sworn and examined
on behalf of the proponent thereof, their testimony reduced to writing,
subscribed by them, and filed. And it appearing to the court after a full
hearing and examination of the testimony in said matter, that said _____
died on the _____ day of _____, 18_____, testate, in the said county of
_____, and that he was at the time of his death a resident of said county,
and left assets therein; that said instrument offered for probate as and
for the last will and testament of said deceased, was duly executed as his
last will and testament by said testator according to law; that said
testator, at the time of executing the same, was of sound mind, of lawful
age and under no restraint, and that the same is valid and genuine; and no
adverse appearance or objection being made:

Now, therefore, it is ordered, adjudged, and decreed, that said instrument
be and hereby is established and allowed as the last will and testament of
said _____, deceased, and that the same hereby is admitted to probate.
Ordered, further, that said last will and testament, with a certificate of
the probate thereof, be recorded.

Judge of Probate.

CERTIFICATE OF PROOF OF WILL.

State of _______,}
County of ______}

In Probate Court.

In the matter of the estate of _____, deceased:

Be it remembered, that on the day of the date hereof, at a _____ term of
said probate court, pursuant to notice duly given, the last will and
testament of _____, late of said county of _____, deceased, bearing date
the _____ day of_____, 18_____, and being the annexed written instrument,
was duly proved before the probate court in and for the county of
aforesaid; and was duly allowed and admitted to probate by said court
according to law, as and for the last will and testament of said
_________, deceased, which said last will and testament is recorded and
the examination taken thereon filed in this office.

In testimony whereof, the judge of the probate court of said county hath
hereunto set his hand and affixed the seal of the said court, at _____ in
said county, this _____ day of _________, A.D. 18_____

Judge of Probate.

LETTERS TESTAMENTARY.

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

The State of _______, to all to whom these presents shall come or may
concern, and especially to _______ of the county of _______ and state of
_______, greeting:

Know ye, that whereas, _______ late of the county of _______ and state of
_______, lately died testate, and being at the time of his decease a
_______ of said county, by means whereof the proving and recording his
last will and testament, and granting administration of all and singular
the goods, chattels, rights, credits and estate whereof he died possessed,
and also the auditing, allowing and finally discharging the account
thereof, is within the jurisdiction of the probate court of said county of
_______.

And whereas, on the _____ day of _______, A.D. 18_____, at _______ in said
county, before the Hon. _______, probate judge of said county, the last
will and testament of the said _______ (a copy whereof is hereunto
annexed) was proved, allowed and admitted to probate: And, whereas,
_______, executor named and appointed in and by said last will and
testament, has given bond, as required by law, for the faithful execution
of said trust, which said bond has been approved by said judge, and filed
in the aforesaid probate court; we therefore, reposing full confidence in
your integrity and ability, have granted and by these presents do grant
the administration of all and singular the goods, chattels, rights,
credits and estate of the said deceased, and any way concerning his said
last will and testament, unto you, the said _______ executor aforesaid:
Hereby authorizing and empowering you to take and have possession of all
the real and personal estate of said deceased, and to receive the rents,
issues and profits thereof, until said estate shall have been settled, or
until delivered over by order of said court, to the heirs or devisees of
said deceased; and to demand, collect, recover and receive all and
singular, the debts, claims, demands, rights, and chooses in action, which
to the said deceased while living and at the time of his death did belong;
and requiring you to keep in good tenantable repair, all houses, buildings
and fences on said real estate, which may and shall be under your control,
and in accordance with your bond approved and filed as aforesaid, to make
and return into the probate court of said county of _______ within three
months, a true and perfect inventory of all the goods, chattels, rights,
credits and estate of said deceased, which shall come to your possession
or knowledge, or to the possession of any other person for you; to
administer, according to law, and to said last will and testament, all the
goods, chattels, rights, credits and estate of the said deceased, which
shall at any time come to your possession or to the possession of any
other person for you, and out of the same to pay and discharge all debts,
legacies and charges chargeable on the same, or such dividends thereon as
shall be ordered and decreed by said court; to render a just and true
account of your administration to said court within one year, and at any
other time when required by said court, and to perform all orders and
decrees of said court, by you to be performed in the premises.

In testimony whereof, we have caused the seal of our probate court to be
hereunto affixed: Witness the Hon. _______, judge of probate, at _______,
in said county, this _____ day of _______, A.D. 18_____.

Judge of Probate Court, County of _______, _______.

FORM OF WILL.

I, (name of testator), of (residence), being of sound mind and memory, do
hereby make, publish, and declare this to be my last will and testament,
hereby revoking and making void all former wills by me at any time
heretofore made.

First.--I order and direct my executors, as soon after my death as
possible, to pay off and discharge all debts and liabilities that may
exist against me at the time of my decease.

Second.--I give and bequeath unto my wife, (naming her, and specifying
property bequeathed.)

Third.--I give and bequeath unto my son, (naming him, and specifying
property bequeathed.)

And so on for each legacy.

Fourth.--I hereby nominate and appoint (naming the person or persons) as
the executors of this, my last will and testament.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name, this day of
_______, A.D. _______ Autograph signature of testator.

The above and foregoing instrument was at the date thereof signed, sealed,
published, and declared, by the said (name of testator), as and for his
last will and testament, in presence of us, who, at his request, and in
his presence, and in the presence of each other, have subscribed our names
as witnesses.

Name _______, Residence. Name _______, Residence.

For citations, pupils should watch the newspapers and make clippings.

_District Court_.

HABEAS CORPUS.

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

District Court, Judicial District.

The State of ________ to

You are hereby commanded to have the body of ________, by you imprisoned
and detained, as it is said, together with the time and cause of such
imprisonment and detention, by whatsoever name the said ________ shall be
called or charged, before the Honorable ________, judge of the district
court, ________ to do and receive what shall then and there be considered
concerning the said ________. And have you then and there this writ.

Witness the Honorable ________, judge of said district court, at ________
in said county, this _____ day of ________, A.D. 18_____.

________ Clerk.

INDICTMENT.

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

District Court, Judicial District.

The State of ________ against ________, accused by the grand jury of the
county of ________, in the state of ________, by this indictment of the
crime of ________, committed as follows:

The said ________, on the _____ day of ________, A.D. 18_____, at the city
of ________, in the county of ________, and state of ________, did,
without the authority of law, and with malice aforethought, ________,
contrary to the form of the statute in such case made and provided, and
against the peace and dignity of the state of ________.

Dated at the city of ________, in the county of ________, and state of
________, this _____ day of ________, A.D. 18_____.

A.L.H., Foreman of the Grand Jury.

Names of witnesses examined before the grand jury: B.F.H., R.D.H., A.F.B.,
E.S., H.P.C., L.H.

NATURALIZATION PAPERS.

(_First Paper_.)

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

I, ________, do solemnly declare on oath to ________, clerk of the
district court of the county of ________, and state of ________, that it
is bona fide my intention to become a citizen of the United States, and to
renounce forever all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince,
potentate, state or sovereignty whatever, and particularly to the
sovereign of ________, whereof I was heretofore a citizen or subject.

(Signed.)

Subscribed and sworn to before me this _____ day of _______, A.D. 18__.

Clerk of said Court.

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the original
declaration of _______, this day filed in my office.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed the
seal of the district court aforesaid, at _______, this ____ day of
_______, A.D. 18__.

Clerk.

(Second Paper.)

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

District Court, Judicial District.

Be it remembered, that on this ____ day of _______, 18__, _______ appeared
in the district court of the _____ judicial district of the State of
_______, and for the county aforesaid, the said court being a court of
record, having a common law jurisdiction and a clerk and seal, and applied
to said court to be admitted to become a citizen of the United States of
America, pursuant to the several acts of congress of the United States of
America for that purpose made and provided; and the said applicant having
thereupon produced to the court such evidence, declaration and
renunciation, and having taken such oaths as are by the said acts required:
Thereupon it was ordered by the said court that the said applicant be
admitted, and he was accordingly admitted by the said court to be a
citizen of the United States of America.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed my name and affixed the
seal of the court aforesaid, this ____ day of _______, A.D. 18__.

Clerk of said Court.

SATISFACTION OF JUDGMENT.

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

District Court, Judicial District.

(_Title of Cause._)

The judgment in the above entitled action, rendered in _______ county,
_______, on the ____ day of _______, A.D. 18__, and duly docketed in the
office of the clerk of the district court of said county, on the ____ day
of _______, A.D. 18__, for $____ in favor of _______ against _______, is
paid and satisfied in full; and the clerk of said court is hereby
authorized to discharge said judgment of record.

In testimony whereof, _______ has hereunto set _____ hand and seal this
____ day of _______, A.D. 18__.

Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of _______

[Seal.] [Seal.] [Seal.]

State of _______,}
County of ______}ss

On this ____ day of _______, A.D. 18__, before me, the subscriber, a
_______ in and for said county, personally appeared _______ to me known to
be the person described in, and who executed the foregoing instrument, and
acknowledged that he executed the same as _______ free act and deed.

APPENDIX B.--TABLES.

COMPARATIVE LEGISLATIVE TABLE OF THE STATES.

+====+================+=============================+================+
| |State |Legislature |Senate |
| | +--------------+--------------+-------+-----+--|
| | |Name |Houses |Number |Term/Age|
+====+================+==============+==============+=======+===+====+
|1 |Alabama |Leg. |S. & R.[2] |33 |4 |27 |
|2 |Arkansas |" |S. & R. |32 |4 |25 |
|3 |California |" |S. & A. |40 |4 |21 |
|4 |Colorado |" |S. & R. |26 |4 |25 |
|5 |Connecticut |Gen. A. [d] |" |24 |2 |21 |
|6 |Delaware |Leg. |" |9 |4 |27 |
|7 |Florida |" |S. & A. |32 |4 |21 |
|8 |Georgia |Gen. A. |S. & R. |44 |4 |25 |
|9 |Idaho |Leg. |" |48 |2 |21 |
|10 |Illinois |" |" |51 |4 |25 |
|11 |Indiana |" |" |50 |4 |25 |
|12 |Iowa |Gen. A. |" |50 |4 |25 |
|13 |Kansas |Leg. |" |40 |4 |21 |
|14 |Kentucky |" |" |38 |4 |30 |
|15 |Louisiana |Gen. A. |" |35 |4 |25 |
|16 |Maine |Leg. |" |31 |2 |25 |
|17 |Maryland |Gen. A. |S. & D.[e] |26 |4 |25 |
|18 |Massachusetts |Gen. Ct. [f] |S. & R. |40 |1 |21 |
|19 |Michigan |Leg. |" |32 |2 |21 |
|20 |Minnesota |" |" |63 |4 |21 |
|21 |Mississippi |" |" |40 |4 |25 |
|22 |Missouri |Gen. A. |" |34 |4 |30 |
|23 |Montana |Leg. A. |" |16 |4 |24 |
|24 |Nebraska |Leg. |" |33 |2 |21 |
|25 |Nevada |" |S. & Ass. |20 |4 |21 |
|26 |New Hampshire |Gen. Ct. |S. & R. |24 |2 |30 |
|27 |New Jersey |Leg. |S. & Gen. A. |21 |3 |30 |
|28 |New York |" |S. & Ass. |50 |2 |21 |
|29 |North Carolina |Gen. A. |S. & R. |50 |2 |25 |
|30 |North Dakota |Leg. A. |" |50[3] |4 |25 |
|31 |Ohio |Gen. A. |" |37 |2 |30 |
|32 |Oregon |Leg. A. |" |30 |4 |21 |
|33 |Pennsylvania |Gen. A. |" |50 |4 |25 |
|34 |Rhode Island |" |" |36 |1 |21 |
|35 |South Carolina |" |" |35[h] |4 |25 |
|36 |South Dakota |Leg. |" |45[3] |2 |25 |
|37 |Tennessee |Gen. A. |" |33 |2 |30 |
|38 |Texas |Leg. |" |31 |4 |26 |
|39 |Utah |" |" |18 |4 |25 |
|40 |Vermont |Gen. A. |" |30 |2 |30 |
|41 |Virginia |" |S. & D.[e] |40 |4 |21 |
|42 |Washington |Leg. |S. & R. |35 |4 |21 |
|43 |West Virginia |" |S. & D. |24 |4 |21 |
|44 |Wisconsin |" |S. & Ass. |33 |4 |21 |
|45 |Wyoming |" |S. & R. |16 |4 |25 |
|46 |Territories |" |Leg. C. & R. |12 |2 |21 |
+====+================+==============+==============+=======+===+====+

COMPARATIVE LEGISLATIVE TABLE OF THE STATES.

[Transcriber's Note: Right-hand page, continuing previous table]

+===+===============+===============+======+========================+
| |House. |Meeting. | Salary |
+---+------+----+---+-----+---------+------+------------------------+
| |Number|Term|Age|Freq |Duration |Begins| Same for each House, |
| | | | | | | | presiding Officer |
| | | | | | | | usually double. |
+===+======\====/===/=====+=========+=====/=========================+
|1 |100 |2 |21 |B. |50 |Nov. |$4 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|2 |92 |2 |21 |B. |60 |Jan. |$6 a day. |
|3 |80 |2 |21 |B. |60 |" |$8 and 10c. mileage, |
| | | | | | | |and $25. |
|4 |49 |2 |25 |B. |90 |" |$7 and 15.c mileage. |
|5 |249[a] |2 |21 |B. |.....[b] |" |$300 and mileage. |
|6 |20 |2 |24 |B. |..... |" |$3 and mileage. |
|7 |76 |2 |21 |B. |60 |" |$6 and 10c. mileage. |
|8 |175 |2 |21 |A. |50[c] |Oct. |$4 and mileage. |
|9 |36 |2 |21 |B. |60 |Jan. |$5 and 10c. mileage. |
|10 |153 |2 |21 |B. |..... |" |$5 and 10c. mileage, |
| | | | | | | |and $50. |
|11 |100 |2 |21 |B. |60 |" |$6 and 20c. mileage. |
|12 |100 |2 |21 |B. |..... |" |$500 per term and 10c. |
| | | | | | | |mileage. |
|13 |125 |2 |21 |B. |50 |" |$3 and 15c. mileage.[1] |
|14 |100 |2 |24 |B. |60[c] |Dec. |$5 and 15c. mileage. |
|15 |98 |4 |21 |B. |60 |May. |$4 and mileage. |
|16 |151 |2 |21 |B. |..... |Jan. |$150 a year and 20c. |
| | | | | | | |mileage. |
|17 |91 |2 |21 |B. |90 |" |$5 and mileage.[1] |
|18 |240 |1 |21 |A. |..... |" |$170 a year and 20c. |
| | | | | | | |mileage. |
|19 |100 |2 |21 |B. |..... |" |$3 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|20 |119 |2 |21 |B. |90 |" |$5 and 15c. mileage. |
|21 |120 |4 |21 |Q.[j] |..... |" |$400 per reg. sess. and |
| | | | | | | |10c. mileage. |
|22 |140 |2 |24 |B. |70 |" |$5 and mileage, and $30. |
|23 |55 |2 |21 |B. |60 |" |$6 and 20c. mileage.[1] |
|24 |100 |2 |21 |B. |90 |" |$5 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|25 |40 |2 |21 |B. |60 |" |$7 and 40c. mileage. |
|26 |321 |2 |21 |B. |..... |" |$200 per term. |
|27 |60 |1 |21 |A. |..... |" |$500 a year.[1] |
|28 |150 |1 |21 |A. |..... |" |$1500 and 10c. |
| | | | | | | |mileage.[1] |
|29 |120 |2 |21 |B. |60 |" |$4 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|30 |140[3] |2 |21 |B. |60 |" |$5 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|31 |110 |2 |25 |B. |..... |" |$600 and 10c. mileage. |
|32 |60 |2 |21 |B. |40 |" |$3 and 15c. mileage.[1] |
|33 |201 |2 |21 |B. |..... |" |$1500 and 5c. mileage, |
| | | | | | | |and $100. |
|34 |72[a] |1 |21 |A.[g] |..... |May. |$1 and 8c. mileage.[1] |
|35 |123 |2 |22 |A. |..... |Jan. |$4 and 10c. mileage. |
|36 |135[3] |2 |25 |B. |..... |" |$5 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|37 |99 |2 |21 |B. |75 |" |$4 and 16c. mileage.[1] |
|38 |106 |2 |21 |B. |90 |" |$5 and 20c. mileage.[1] |
|39 |45 |2 |25 |B. |60 |" |$4 and 10c. mileage. |
|40 |240 |2 |21 |B. |..... |Oct. |$3 a day. |
|41 |100 |2 |21 |B. |90[c] |Dec. |$540 a year. |
|42 |70 |2 |21 |B. |60 |Jan. |$5 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|43 |65 |2 |21 |B. |45[c] |" |$4 and 10c. mileage.[1] |
|44 |100 |2 |21 |B. |..... |" |$500 and 10c. mileage.[1]|
|45 |33 |2 |21 |B. |40 |" |$5 and 15c. mileage. |
|46 |24 |2 |21 |B. |60 |"[i] |$4 and 20c. mileage. |
+===+=======+==+===+======+=========+=====+=========================+

[Footnote a: "One from each town."]

[Footnote b: No limitation.]

[Footnote c: May be extended by special vote.]

[Footnote d: General Assembly.]

[Footnote e: House of Delegates.]

[Footnote f: General Court.]

[Footnote g: Two sess. annually, in May and Oct.]

[Footnote h: "One for each county."--State Const.]

[Footnote i: New Mexico in December.]

[Footnote j: Quadrennially in general session, with sp. sess midway
between.]

[Footnote 1: State constitution.]

[Footnote 2: Senate and house of representatives.]

[Footnote 3: "Not more than."--Constitution.]

COMPARATIVE EXECUTIVE TABLE OF THE STATES.

[Transcriber's Note: These pages were modified slightly from their
original form. The originals were printed lengthwise (landscape-style)
across both pages to take maximum advantage of space. As this cannot be
done in an ASCII medium, the table has had line numbers added to it like
the Legislative Table above (which _was_ done in the original), and will
be shown in continuing pieces.]

+===+===============+=============================================+
| |STATES. | GOVERNOR. |
| | +----------------+------+----------+----------|
| | |Qualifications. |Term. |Salary. |Election. |
| | | |years.| | |
+===+===============+================+======+==========+==========+
|1 |Alabama |30,c,r7[a] |2 |$3,000 |P[b] |
|2 |Arkansas |30,c,r7 |2 | 3,500 |P |
|3 |California |30,c,r2 |4 | 6,000 |P |
|4 |Colorado |30,c,r2 |2 | 5,000 |P |
|5 |Connecticut |30,voter |2 | 4,000 |M[d] |
|6 |Delaware |30,C12,c6[4][i] |4[h] | 2,000[1] |P |
|7 |Florida |C 9,c3 |4 | 3,500 |P |
|8 |Georgia |30,C15,C6 |2 | 3,000[1] |M |
|9 |Idaho |30,c,r2 |2 | 3,000 |P |
|10 |Illinois |30,C5,c5 |4 | 6,000[1] |P |
|11 |Indiana |30,C5,r5 |4[h] | 5,000 |P |
|12 |Iowa |30,C,r2 |2 | 3,000 |P |
|13 |Kansas |............... |2 | 3,000 |P |
|14 |Kentucky |35,C,r6 |4[h] | 6,500[1] |P |
|15 |Louisiana |C,r2 |4[h] | 4,000 |P |
|16 |Maine |30,C,r5[f] |2 | 2,500 |M[d] |
|17 |Maryland |30,c10,r5 |4 | 4,500[1] |P |
|18 |Massachusetts |37,Christian |1 | 8,000 |M[d] |
|19 |Michigan |30,C5,r2 |2 | 4,000 |P |
|20 |Minnesota |25,C,r1 |2 | 5,000 |P |
|21 |Mississippi |30,C20,r2 |4 | 4,000[1] |P |
|22 |Missouri |35,C10,r7 |4 | 5,000[1] |P |
|23 |Montana |30,C,r2 |4 | 5,000 |P |
|24 |Nebraska |30,C2,c2 |2 | 2,500 |P |
|25 |Nevada |25,C,r2 |4 | 5,000 |P |
|26 |New Hampshire |30,r7 |2 | 2,000 |M[d] |
|27 |New Jersey |30,C20,r7 |3[h] |10,000 |P |
|28 |New York |30,C,r5 |2 |10,000[1] |P |
|29 |North Carolina |30,C5,r2 |4 | 3,000[1] |P |
|30 |North Dakota |30,C,c,r5 |2 | 3,000 |P |
|31 |Ohio |Voter |2 | 8,000 |P |
|32 |Oregon |30,C,r3 |4 | 1,500 |P |
|33 |Pennsylvania |30,r7 |4 |10,000[1] |P |
|34 |Rhode Island |Voter,c |1 | 3,000 |M[d] |
|35 |South Carolina |30,C2,c,r2 |2 | 3,500[1] |P |
|36 |South Dakota |30,c,c,r2 |2 | 2,500 |P |
|37 |Tennessee |30,C,c7 |2 | 4,000 |P |
|38 |Texas |30,C,r5 |2 | 4,000[1] |P |
|39 |Utah |30,c,r5 |4 | 2,000 |P |
|40 |Vermont |Voter |2 | 1,500 |M |
|41 |Virginia |30,c,r3 |4[h] | 5,000[1] |P |
|42 |Washington |C,c |4 | 4,000 |P |
|43 |West Virginia |Voter |4 | 2,700 |P |
|44 |Wisconsin |Voter |2 | 5,000 |P |
|45 |Wyoming |30,C,r5 |4 | 2,500 |P |
|46 |Territories |Partisan |4 | 2,600 |A[j] |
+===+===============+================+======+==========+==========+

COMPARATIVE EXECUTIVE TABLE OF THE STATES.

[Transcriber's Notes: Next set of columns, continuing table.]

+===+===========================+==================================+
| | Lieut. Gov. |Usual Administrative Officers |
+---+------------+--------------+-----------+----------+-----------+
| |Term and |Succession to |Secretary |State |State |
| |Salary |Governorship |of state |Treasurer |Auditor or |
| | | | | |Comptroller|
+===+============+==============+===========+==========+===========+
|1 |None |P,S[3] |2, 1800 |2, 2150 |2, 1800 |
|2 |None |P,S |2, 1800 |2, 2250 |2, 2250 |
|3 |4, 3000 |L,P |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |
|4 |2, 1000 |L,P,S[e] |2, 3000 |2, 3000 |2, 2000 |
|5 |2, 500[2] |L,P,S |2, 1500 |2, 1500 |2, 1200 |
|6 |None |P,S |4, 1000[j] |2, 1450 |4, 200 |
|7 |4, 500 |L,P |4, 1500 |4, 2000 |4, 1500 |
|8 |None. |P |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |
|9 |2, $7.50/day|L,P,S |2, 1800 |2, 1000 |2, 2000 |
|10 |4, 1000 |L,P |4, 3500 |2, 3500 |4, 3500 |
|11 |4, $8/day[2]|L,P |2, 2000 |2, 3500 |2, 2500 |
|12 |2, 1100 |L,P,S |2, 2200 |2, 2200 | 1500 |
|13 |2, $6/day |L,P,S |2, 2000 |2, 2500 |2, 2500 |
|14 |4, |L,P,S |4, 1500 |2, 2400 |4, 500 |
| |$10/day[2] | | | | |
|15 |4, $8/day |L,P |4, 1800 |4, 2000 |4, 3000 |
|16 |None. |P,S |2, 1200 |2, 1600 |2, 1000 |
|17 |None. |P,S |4, 2000 |2, 2500 |4, 3000 |
|18 |1, 200 |L. Council |1, 3000 |1, 5000 |1, 4000 |
|19 |2, 1200 |L,P |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |2, 3000 |
|20 |2, $10/day |L,P |2, 3500 |2, 3500 |2, 3500 |
|21 |4, 800[2] |L,P,S |4, 2500 |4, 2500 |4, 2500 |
|22 |4, $5/day[2]|L,P,S |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |....... |
|23 |4, $12/day |L,P,S |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |
|24 |2, $6/day |L,P,S |2, 2000 |2, 2500 |2, 2500 |
|25 |Lib. |L,P |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |
| |4, 2700 | | | | |
|26 |None. |P |2, 800 |2, 1800 |....... |
|27 |None. |P |5, 6000 |3, 6000 |3, 6000 |
|28 |3, 5000 |L,P |2, 5000 |2, 5000 |2, 6000 |
|29 |4, $8/day |L,P |4, 2000 |4, 3000 |4, 1500 |
|30 |2, 1000 |L,Sec |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |
|31 |2, 800 |L,P |2, 3000 |2, 3000 |4, 3000 |
|32 |Sec St. |L,P |4, 1500[g] |4, 800 |....... |
| |ex-officio | | | | |
|33 |4, 3000 |L,P | 4000[j] |2, 5000 |3, 3000 |
|34 |1, 500 |L,P |1, 3500 |1, 2500 |1, 1500 |
|35 |2, 1000 |L,P |2, 2100 |2, 2100 |2, 2100 |
|36 |2, $10/day |L,Sec |2, 1800 |2, 1800 |2, 1800 |
|37 |None. |P,S |4, 1800 |2, 2750 |2, 2750 |
|38 |2, $5/day |L,P | 2000[j] |2, 2500 |2, 2500 |
|39 |None. |Sec,P |4, 2000 |4, 1000 |4, 1500 |
|40 |2, $6/day |L |2, 1700[j] |2, 1700 |2, 2000[j] |
|41 |4, 900 |L |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |2, 3000 |
|42 |4, 1000 |L |4, 2500 |4, 2000 |4, 2000 |
|43 |None |P,S |4, 1000 |4, 1400 |4, 2000 |
|44 |2, 1000 |L,Sec,S |2, 5000 |2, 5000 | |
|45 |None |Sec |4, 2000 |4, 2000 |4, 2000 |
|46 |....... |....... |4, 1800 |2, varies |2, varies |
+===+============+==============+===========+==========+===========+

COMPARATIVE EXECUTIVE TABLE OF THE STATES.

[Transcriber's Notes: Next set of columns, continuing table.]

+===+===========================================+
| | Usual Administrative Officers. |
+---+-----------+----------------+--------------+
| |Attorney |Supt. of Public |Railroad |
| |General |Instruction |Commissioners |
+===+===========================================+
|1 |2, 1500 | 2250[j] |2, 3000[c] |
|2 |2, 1500 |2, 1600 |Gov., Sec. |
|3 |4, 3000 |4, 3000 |4, 4000 |
|4 |2, 2000 |2, 3000 |.......... |
|5 |2, 1200 |2, 3000 |2, 3000 |
|6 |4, 200 |4, 1500 |.......... |
|7 |4, 1500 |4, 1500 |.......... |
|8 |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |2, 2500 |
|9 |2, 2000 |2, 1500 |.......... |
|10 |4, 3500 |4, 3500 |2, 3500 |
|11 |2, 2500 |2, 2500 |.......... |
|12 | 1500 |2, 2200 |3, 3000 |
|13 |2, 2500 |2, 2000 |3, 3000 |
|14 |4, 500 |4, 2400 |2, 2000 |
|15 |4, 3000 |4, 2000 |.......... |
|16 |2, 1000 |3, 1000 |3, 1000 |
|17 |4, 3000 |2, 2500 |.......... |
|18 |1, 4000 |1, 3400 |3, 3500 |
|19 |2, 3000 |2, 2000 |2, $10/day |
|20 |2, 3500 |2, 2500[j] |3, 3000 |
|21 |4, 2500 |4, 2000 |3, 2500 |
|22 |....... |4, 3000 |6, 3000 |
|23 |4, 3000 |4, 2500 |.......... |
|24 |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |.......... |
|25 |4, 3000 |4, 2400 |.......... |
|26 |5, 2200 |2, 2500 |3, 2500 |
|27 |5, 7000 |3, 3000 |.......... |
|28 |2, 5000 |3, 5000 |3, 8000 |
|29 |4, 2000 |4, 1500 | |
|30 |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |2, 2000 |
|31 |2, 2000 |3, 2000 |2, 2000 |
|32 | |4, 1500 |.......... |
|33 | 3500[j] |4, 2500 |.......... |
|34 |1, 4500 | 3000[j] |1, 500 |
|35 |2, 2100 |2, 2100 |6, 3000 |
|36 |2, 1000 |2, 1800 |.......... |
|37 |6, 3000 |2, 1300 | |
|38 |2, 2000 |2, 2500 |2, 3000 |
|39 |4, 1500 |4, 1500 |.......... |
|40 |.......... |2, 1400 |2, 500[j] |
|41 |4, 2500 |4, 2500 | 3000 |
|42 |4, 2000 |4, 2500 |.......... |
|43 |4, 1300 |4, 1500 |.......... |
|44 |2, 3000 |2, 3500 |2, 3000 |
|45 |.......... |4, 2000 |.......... |
|46 |.......... |2, varies |.......... |
+===+===========+================+==============+

[Footnote a: That is, 30 years old, a citizen of the state, and a resident
thereof 7 years.]

[Footnote b: Plurality or majority to elect.]

[Footnote c: There are three railroad commissioners each in Ala., Cal.,
Conn., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kan., Ky., Me., Mass., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.D.,
N.H., N.Y., S.C; one in other states.]

[Footnote d: In case no one has a majority, election goes to legislature.]

[Footnote e: That is, the order of succession is Lieutenant Governor,
President of Senate, Speaker of House.]

[Footnote f: Governor must be native citizen of U.S.]

[Footnote g: In Oregon the Secretary of State is also ex-officio
Lieutenant Governor, Auditor, and one of the Land Commissioners.]

[Footnote h: Ineligible for succeeding term.]

[Footnote i: In Delaware, North Carolina, Ohio, and Rhode Island the
Governor has no veto.]

[Footnote j: Appointed.]

[Footnote 1: In these thirteen states the Governor also has the use of the
"Executive Mansion" of the state.]

[Footnote 2: In these states the Lieutenant Governor may debate in
"committee of the whole."]

[Footnote 3: That is, the order of succession is President of Senate,
Speaker of House.]

[Footnote 4: Thirty years old; citizen of the United States, 12; and of
the state, 6 years. In Me., Mass., N.H., and Vt. the Governor is assisted
by an executive council of 7, 8, 12, and 5 members respectively.]

COMPARATIVE JUDICIAL TABLE OF THE STATES.

[Transcriber's Note: This table is formatted in the same way as the
Executive and Legislative Tables above it. See notes above for details. In
addition, places where the scanned text is illegible are marked with a
"*".]

+=====+=================+=========================================+
| | | Supreme Court |
| | +----------+----------+-----------+-------+
| | | |Chief | | |
| |States. |Members |Justice |Election |Term |
+=====+=================+==========+==========+===========+=======+
|1 |Alabama |3 |A |P'ple |6 |
|2 |Arkansas |3 |A |P |8 |
|3 |California |7 |C |P |12 |
|4 |Colorado |3 |C |P |9 |
|5 |Connecticut |5 |A |Leg. |8 |
|6 |Delaware |5 |A |Gov. |Life |
|7 |Florida |3 |A |Gov. |Life |
|8 |Georgia |3 |A |Leg. |12 |
|9 |Idaho |3 |C |P |6 |
|10 |Illinois |7 |B |P |9 |
|11 |Indiana |5 |B |P |6 |
|12 |Iowa |5 |C |P |6 |
|13 |Kansas |3 |A |P |6 |
|14 |Kentucky |4 |C |P |6 |
|15 |Louisiana |5 |A |Gov. |12 |
|16 |Maine |8 |A |Gov. |7 |
|17 |Maryland |9 |A |P |15 |
|18 |Massachusetts |7 |A |Gov. |Life |
|19 |Michigan |5 |A |P |10 |
|20 |Minnesota |5 |A |P |6 |
|21 |Mississippi |3 |A |Gov. |9 |
|22 |Missouri |5 |A |P |10 |
|23 |Montana |3 |A |P |6 |
|24 |Nebraska |3 |C |P |6 |
|25 |Nevada |3 |A |P |6 |
|26 |New Hampshire |7 |A |Gov. |till 70|
|27 |New Jersey |9 |A |Gov. |7 |
|28 |New York |7 |A |P |14 |
|29 |North Carolina |3 |A |P |8 |
|30 |North Dakota |3 |C |P |6 |
|31 |Ohio |* |A |P |5 |
|32 |Oregon |4 |C |P |6 |
|33 |Pennsylvania |7 |C |P |21 |
|34 |Rhode Island |6 |A |Leg. |Life |
|35 |South Carolina |3 |A |Leg. |6 |
|36 |South Dakota |3 |B |P |6 |
|37 |Tennessee |5 |A |P |8 |
|38 |Texas |3 |A |P |6 |
|39 |Utah |3 |C |P |6 |
|40 |Vermont |* |* |Leg. |2 |
|41 |Virginia |* |B |Leg. |12 |
|42 |Washington |3 |C |P |6 |
|43 |West Virginia |4 |A |P |12 |
|44 |Wyoming |3 |C |P |8 |
|45 |Territories |3-6 |A |Pres. |4 |
+=====+=================+==========+==========+===========+=======+

COMPARATIVE JUDICIAL TABLE OF THE STATES.

[Transcriber's Notes: Next set of columns, continuing table.]

+====+=================================+===========================+
| | Supreme Court | Circuit Court |
| +----------+---------+------------+---------+----------+------+
| | | |Qualifi- |Juris- | | |
| |Meetings |Salary |cations |diction |Election |Term |
+====+==========+=========+============+=========+==========+======+
|1 |1 |$ 3600 |25 |L |P |6 |
|2 |2 | 3000 |30,C,r2,L8 |L |P |4 |
|3 |[3] | 6000 |.......... |LE |P |6 |
|4 |2 | 5000 |30,C,r2,LL |LE |P |6 |
|5 |6[1] |{ 4500 |.......... |LE |........ |8 |
| | |{ 4000 | | | | |
|6 |2 |{ 2500 |.......... | Held by S.C. Judges. |
| | |{ 2200 | | | | |
|7 |3 | 3000 |.......... |LE |Gov. |6 |
|8 |2 | 3000 |30,c3,L7 |LE |P |4 |
|9 |4 | 3000 |30,C,r2 |LE |P |4 |
|10 |6[1] | 5000 |30,C,r5 |LE |P |4 |
|11 |2 | 5000 |.......... |LE |P |6 |
|12 |4 | 4000 |.......... |LE |P |4 |
|13 |11 | 3000 |.......... |LE |P |4 |
|14 |2 | 4000 |30,C,r2,L8 |LE |P |6 |
|15 |4 | 5000 |.......... |L |P |4 |
|16 |3 | 3000 |.......... | By Judges Supreme Ct. |
|17 |[3] | 3500 |30,c5,LL |LE |P |15 |
|18 |[3] | 3000 |.......... |L |Gov. |Lf. |
|19 |4 | 5000 |.......... |LE |P |6 |
|20 |2 | 5000 |.......... |LE |P |6 |
|21 |2 | 3500 |30,c2 |L |Gov. |6 |
|22 |2 | 4500 |30,C,c5,LL |LE |P |6 |
|23 |3 | 4000 |30,C,r2,LL |LE |P |4 |
|24 |2 | 2500 |30,C,r3 |LE |P |4 |
|25 |4 |{ 7000 |.......... |LE |P | |
| | |{ 6000 | | | | |
|26 |2 |{ 3500 |.......... | Held by Judges of Sup. Ct.|
| | |{ 3300 | | | | |
|27 |3 |{10000 |.......... |L |Leg |5 |
| | |{ 9000 | | | | |
|28 |2 | 12500 | | Held by Judges of Sup. Ct.|
|29 |2 | 2500 | | | | |
|30 |3 | |30,C,r3,LL |LE |P |4 |
|31 |1 | 5000 | | |P |5 |
|32 |2 | 2000 | |LE |P |6 |
|33 |3 |{ 8*00 | |L |P |10 |
| | |{ | | | | |
|34 |* |{ **00 | | Held by Judges of Sup. Ct.|
| | |{ *000 | | | | |
|35 |2 |{ 4000 |30,C,r5 |L |Leg |4 |
| | |{ 3500 | | | | |
|36 |2 | 2500 |30,C,r2,LL |LE |P |4 |
|37 |3 | 4000 |30,r5 |L |P |8 |
|38 |3 | 3500 |30,C,c,L7 |LE |P |4 |
|39 |3 | 3000 |30,LL,r5 |L |P |4 |
|40 | | 3000 | | Held by Judges of Sup. Ct.|
|41 |3 |{ 3*50 | |LE |Leg |8 |
| | |{ *000 | | | | |
|42 |[3] | 4000 | |[1]LE |P |4 |
|43 |3 | 2250 | |LE |P |8 |
|44 |2 | |30,C,r3,L9 |LE |P |6 |
|45 | | 3000 | |LE |Judges of S.C. |
+====+==========+=========+============+=========+==========+======+

COMPARATIVE JUDICIAL TABLE OF THE STATES.

[Transcriber's Notes: Next set of columns, continuing table.]

+===+=========================+======================+===============+
| | Probate Court | Justice Court | Remarks |
| +---------+---------+-----+--------+-------+-----+---------------+
| |Juris- |Election |Term |Juris- |Number |Term |(Municipal and |
| |diction | | |diction | | |Special courts |
| | | | | | | | not given) |
+===+=========+=========+=====+========+=======+=====+===============+
|1 |Pr.[2] |P'ple |6 |$100 |2 |.... |Chancery. |
|2 |Pr.[2] |P |2 | 100 |2 |2 |Com. Pleas. |
|3 |Pr.[2]L |P |4 | 300 |2 |2 |Naturalization |
|4 |Pr.[2]C |P |3 | 300 |...... |2 | in County |
| | | | | | | | Court |
|5 |........ |..... |.... | 100 |...... |.... |Common Pleas, |
| | | | | | | | less than $500|
|6 | Held by the Chancellor | 100 |...... |.... |Chancery. |
|7 |Pr. & L |Gov. |4 | 100 |Gov. |4 | |
|8 |Pr.[2] |P |4 | 100 |P |4 |Superior Ct. |
| | | | | | | | between. C. |
| | | | | | | | and S.C. |
|9 |Pr.[2] |P |.... | 300 |...... |.... | |
|10 |Pr.[2] |P |4 | 200 |...... |4 |Appellate |
| | | | | | | | Courts |
|11 | In Circuit Court | 200 |...... |4 | compos'd of |
| | | | | | | | Circuit Judges|
|12 | In Circuit Court | 100 |...... |.... |By consent of |
| | | | | | | | parties, $300.|
|13 |Pr.[2] |P |2 | 300 |2 |2 | |
|14 |Pr.[2] |P |4 | 50 |2 |4 | |
|15 |Pr. $500 |..... |.... | 100 |...... |2 |No equity |
| | | | | | | | proceedings in|
| | | | | | | | La. |
|16 |Pr.[2]L |..... |.... | 50 |...... |.... |Probate Court |
|17 |Pr. |P |6 | 100 |Gov. |2 | also Court of |
| | | | | | | | Insolvency. |
|18 |Pr.[2]L |Gov. |Lf. | 300 |Gov. |7 |Probate Court |
|19 |P. |P |4 | 300 |4 |4 | also Court of |
| | | | | | | | Insolvency. |
|20 |Pr.[2] |P |2 | 100 |2 |2 | |
|21 | In Chancery Court | 150 |[4] |2 |Chancery. |
|22 |Pr. |P |.... | 150 |[5] |.... | |
|23 |........ |..... |.... | 300 |2 |.... | |
|24 |Pr.[2]L |P |2 | 100 |2 |2 | |
|25 | | | | 300 | | | |
|26 |Pr. | | | 100 | | | |
|27 | | | | 100 | | |Chancellor, |
| | | | | | | | $10,000. |
|28 |Pr. |P | | 200 | | |Probate Court |
| | | | | | | | called |
| | | | | | | | "Surrogate" |
|29 |Clk Superior Ct acts as | 200 | | |Cir. Ct called |
| | Probate Judge | | | | "Superior Ct."|
|30 |Pr.[2]L | | | 200 | | | |
|31 |Pr.[2] |P |3 | 100 | |3 |There is a |
| | | | | | | | Court of |
|32 |Pr.[2] |P |4 | 250 | | | Common Pleas |
|33 |Pr.[2] |P | | 100 |2 | |Prob. Ct called|
|34 |Town Councils are Prb Cts| 100 | | | "Orphan's Ct."|
|35 |Pr.[2] |P |2 | 100 |[4] | | |
|36 |Pr.[2]L |P |2 | 100 | |2 | |
|37 |Pr. | | | 100 |2 | | |
|38 |Pr.[2] |P |2 | 200 |1 |6 |Just. of Peace |
| | | | | | | | are County |
| | | | | | | | Com'rs and |
| | | | | | | | Prob. Ct. |
|39 | District Judges | | |2 |Ct of Appeals |
| | | | | | | | below S.C. |
|40 |Pr.[2]L | |2 | 200 | |2 |Chancery Court |
| | | | | | | | by Judges of |
| | | | | | | | S.C. |
|41 |Pr.[2] |Leg |6 | 100 | | | |
|42 | | | | | | | |
|43 |Pr.[2] |P |4 | 100 |2 |4 |Two J.P.s |
| | | | | | | | associated |
| | | | | | | | with Pr. J in |
| | | | | | | | holding court |
|44 | | | | 200 |[5] | | |
|45 |Pr.[2] | | | 100 | | | |
+===+=========+=========+=====+========+=======+=====+===============+

The three modes of selecting the Chief Justice are by electing or
appointing one as such, by leaving the judges themselves to determine
which shall act, or by a provision making the one whose term expires first
act. These modes are indicated in the table by A, B, and C, respectively.
In the salary column, where two numbers appear, the upper is the salary of
the Chief Justice. In giving jurisdiction of Circuit courts, L means law
only, LE means jurisdiction in both law and equity, 30, C, c, L7 means 30
years old, a citizen of the US and of the state, and seven years legal
practice. LL means "learned in the law".

In Me, Mass, N.H., and S.D., the Supreme Court is required to give legal
advice to the Governor.

[Footnote 1: Called Superior Court, at least one in each county. This
court also exercises the Probate powers.]

[Footnote 2: Probate Court given some other duty, unrelated to its regular
function. L means that it has also certain civil jurisdiction.]

[Footnote 3: Continuous.]

[Footnote 4: Competent number.]

[Footnote 5: As many as are needed.]

COMPARATIVE SUFFRAGE TABLE.

[Transcriber's Note: This table crosses facing pages of the book
("Portrait" orientation). Thus, reference numbers are used as in the
tables above to refer to the states the information belongs to.]

+===+===============+====+=====================+==========+==========+
| |States |Age |Requirement As To |Residence |Residence |
| | | |Citizenship of U.S. |In State |In County |
+===+===============+====+=====================+==========+==========+
|1 |Alabama |21 |Citizens or declared |1 year |3 months |
| | | | intention | | |
|2 |Arkansas |21 |Citizens or declared |1 year |6 months |
| | | | intention | | |
|3 |California |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |90 days |
|4 |Colorado |21 |Citizens or declared |6 months | |
| | | | intention | | |
|5 |Connecticut |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |6 months |
|6 |Delaware |21 |Actual county |1 year |1 month |
| | | | taxpayers | | |
|7 |Florida |21 |United States |1 year |6 months |
| | | | citizens or | | |
| | | | declared intention | | |
|8 |Georgia |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |6 months |
|9 |Idaho |21 |Actual citizens |6 months |30 days |
|10 |Illinois |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |90 days |
|11 |Indiana |21 |Citizens or declared |6 months |60 days |
| | | | intention | | |
|12 |Iowa |21 |Actual citizens |6 months |60 days |
|13 |Kansas |21 |Citizens or declared |6 months | |
| | | | intention | | |
|14 |Kentucky |21 |Free white male |2 years |1 year |
| | | | citizens | | |
|15 |Louisiana |21 |Citizens or declared |1 year |6 months |
| | | | intention | | |
|16 |Maine |21 |Actual citizens |3 months | |
|17 |Maryland |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |6 months |
|18 |Massachusetts |21 |Actual citizens |1 year | |
|19 |Michigan |21 |Citizens or declared |3 months | |
| | | | intention | | |
|20 |Minnesota |21 |Actual citizens for |1 year | |
| | | | 3 months | | |
|21 |Mississippi |21 |Actual citizens |6 months |1 month |
|22 |Missouri |21 |Citizens or declared |1 year |60 days |
| | | | intention | | |
|23 |Montana |21 |Actual citizens |1 year | |
|24 |Nebraska |21 |Citizens or declared |6 months | |
| | | | intention | | |
|25 |Nevada |21 |Citizens or declared |6 months |30 days |
| | | | intention | | |
|26 |New Hampshire |21 |Actual citizens | | |
|27 |New Jersey |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |5 months |
|28 |New York |21 |Actual citizens for |1 year |4 months |
| | | | 90 days | | |
|29 |North Carolina |21 |Actual citizens |12 months |90 days |
|30 |North Dakota |21 |Cit or dec intent or |1 year |6 months |
| | | | Indians 2 yrs out | | |
| | | | of tribal relations | | |
|31 |Ohio |21 |Actual citizens |1 year | |
|32 |Oregon |21 |Citizens or declared |6 months | |
| | | | intention | | |
|33 |Pennsylvania |21 |Actual citizens |1 year | |
|34 |Rhode Island |21 |Actual tax paying |1 year | |
| | | | citizens | | |
|35 |South Carolina |21 |Actual citizens |1 year | |
|36 |South Dakota |21 |Citizens or declared |6 months |60 days |
| | | | intention | | |
|37 |Tennessee |21 |Actual citizens |12 months |30 days |
|38 |Texas |21 |Citizens or declared |1 year |6 months |
| | | | intention | | |
|39 |Utah |21 |Actual citizens for |1 year |4 months |
| | | | 90 days | | |
|40 |Vermont |21 |Actual citizens |1 year | |
|41 |Virginia |21 |Actual citizens |12 months | |
|42 |Washington |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |90 days |
|43 |West Virginia |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |60 days |
|44 |Wisconsin |21 |Citizens or declared |1 year | |
| | | | intention | | |
|45 |Wyoming |21 |Actual citizens |1 year |60 days |
+===+===============+====+=====================+==========+==========+

COMPARATIVE SUFFRAGE TABLE.

[Transcriber's Notes: Next set of columns, continuing table.]

+===+==========+=========================+===========================+
| |Residence |Registration |Excluded From Voting |
| |In Voting | | |
| |Precinct | | |
+===+==========+=========================+===========================+
|1 |1 month |Legislature may regulate |Idiots Indians convicted of|
| | | | crime |
|2 |1 month |Prohibited as a bar to |Idiots Indians convicted of|
| | | suffrage | crime |
|3 |30 days |Registration required by |Idiots Indians convicts |
| | | law | Chinese |
|4 | |Required by constitution |Persons in prison |
|5 |6 months |Required by law |Those unable to read and |
| | | | convicts |
|6 | |No registration required |Idiots insane paupers |
| | | | criminals |
|7 | |Required by constitution |Idiots insane criminals |
| | | | bettors on elections |
| | | | duelists |
|8 | |Leg may regulate no act |Idiots insane criminals |
| | | | non-taxpayers |
|9 | |Required by constitution |Idiots criminals |
| | | | polygamists |
|10 |30 days |Required by law |Convicts |
|11 |30 days |No law for registration |Fraudulent voters and |
| | | | bribers |
|12 | |Required by law |Idiots insane criminals |
|13 |30 days |Required in cities only |Idiots insane convicts |
|14 |60 days |No registration required |Bribery robbery forgery &c |
|15 |30 days |Legislature my regulate |Idiots insane criminals |
|16 | |Required by law |Paupers Indians not taxed |
|17 | |Required by constitution |Lunatics convicts, and |
| | | | guilty of bribery |
|18 |6 months |Required by law |Paupers persons under |
| | | | guardians non-taxpayers |
| | | | and men unable to read |
| | | | and write |
|19 |10 days |Required by law |Duelists |
|20 |10 days |Required by law |Idiots insane convicts |
|21 | |Required by constitution |Idiots insane criminals |
|22 | |Required by constitution |Inmates of asylums, |
| | | in cities only | poorhouses, and prisons, |
| | | | US army |
|23 | |Leg may require |Insane |
|24 | |Required by law |Idiots convicts US army |
|25 | |Required by constitution |Idiots insane convicts |
|26 |Town 6 ms |Required by law |Paupers |
|27 | |Required in cities of |Paupers idiots insane |
| | | 10,000 | convicts |
|28 |30 days |Required in cities of |Election bettors or bribers|
| | | 10,000 | convicts |
|29 | |Required by constitution |Convicts |
|30 |90 days | |Convicts, insane |
|31 | |No registration required |Idiots insane |
|32 | | |Idiots insane convicts US |
| | | | army Chinese |
|33 |2 months |Required by constitution |Non-taxpayers political |
| | | | bribers |
|34 |Town 6 ms |Required by law |Persons without property to|
| | | | the value of $134 |
|35 | |Required by constitution |Insane inmates of asylums |
| | | | almshouses prisons, US |
| | | | army, duelists |
|36 |10 days | |Convicts insane |
|37 | |No registration required |Non-payers of poll tax |
|38 |6 months |Prohibited by |Lunatics, idiots, paupers, |
| | | constitution | convicts, US army |
|39 |60 days | |Idiots criminals |
|40 |Town 3 ms |Required by law |Bribers |
|41 | |Required by law |Lunatics idiots convicts, |
| | | | duelists, US army |
|42 |30 days |Required by law |Convicts, insane |
|43 | |Prohibited by |Lunatics paupers convicts |
| | | constitution | |
|44 | |Required by law |Insane idiot convict briber|
| | | | bettor, duelist |
|45 | |Required by constitution |Idiots insane criminals |
+===+==========+=========================+===========================+

COMPARATIVE LEGISLATIVE TABLE OF PRINCIPAL CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENTS.

[Transcriber's Note: This table crosses facing pages of the book
("Portrait" orientation). Thus, reference numbers are used as in the
tables above to refer to the nations the information belongs to.]

+===+==============+==========+======================================+
| | | | Both Houses |
| | | +-------------+-----------------+------+
| |Names of |Kind of |Name applied |Names of the |Mtgs. |
| | Nations. | Gov't. | to the | Houses. | |
| | | | Legislative | | |
| | | | Body. | | |
+===+==============+==========+=============+=================+======+
|1 |Austria- |F.H.M. |Delegations. |Upper, |A |
| | Hungary | | | Lower | |
|2 |Austria |S.H.M. |Diet or |Herrenhaus, |A |
| | | | Reichsrath. | Abgeordnetenhaus| |
|3 |Hungary |S.H.M. |Diet or |Magnates, |A |
| | | | Reichstag. | Representatives.| |
|4 |Belgium |S.H.M. |Legislative |Senate, |A |
| | | | Chambers. | Deputies. | |
|5 |Denmark |S.H.M. |Diet or |Landsthing, |A |
| | | | Rigsdag. | Folkething. | |
|6 |France |S.R. |Assembly. |Senate, |A |
| | | | | Deputies. | |
|7 |Germany |F.H.M. |............ |Bundesrath, |A |
| | | | | Reichstag. | |
|8 |Prussia |S.H.M. |Legislative |Herrenhaus, |A |
| | | | Chambers. | Abgeordnetenhaus| |
|9 |Great Britain |F.H.M. |Parliament. |Lords, |A |
| | | | | Commons. | |
|10 |Italy |S.H.M. |Legislative |Senate, |A |
| | | | Chambers. | Deputati. | |
|11 |Netherlands |S.H.M. |States- |Upper, |A |
| | | | General. | Lower. | |
|12 |Spain |S.H.M. |Cortex. |Senate, |A |
| | | | | Congress. | |
|13 |Sweden |S.H.M.[3] |Diet. |Upper, |A |
| | | | | Lower. | |
|14 |Norway |S.H.M. |Storthing. |Lagthing, |A |
| | | | | Odolsthing. | |
|15 |Switzerland |F.R. |Bundes- |Standerath, |A |
| | | | Versammlung.| Nationalrath. | |
|16 |Argentina |F.R. |Congress. |Senate, |A |
| | | | | Deputies | |
|17 |Columbia |F.R. |Congress. |Senate, |A |
| | | | | H. of R. | |
|18 |Mexico |F.R. |Congress. |Senate, |A |
| | | | | H. of R. | |
|19 |Brazil |F.R. |Legislative |Senate, |A |
| | | | Assembly. | Congress. | |
+===+==============+==========+=============+=================+======+

COMPARATIVE LEGISLATIVE TABLE OF PRINCIPAL CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENTS.

[Transcriber's Notes: Next set of columns, continuing table.]

+===+=================================================+
| | Upper House |
| +---------------+-----------+-----+---------------+
| |How Composed. |Election |Term |Qualifications |
+===+===============+===========+=====+===============+
|1 |20 Austrians, |State Leg. | | |
| |20 Hungarians | | | |
|2 {Royal Princes, | |life | |
| { Nobles, | | | |
|3 { Archbishops, | |life | |
| { Appointees | | | |
|4 |68 |People |8 |40,c,r,P |
|5 |66 |{12 ap, |8 |25,r |
| | |{54 el | | |
|6 |300 |{75 for |life |40,c |
| | |{225 for |9 | |
|7 |59 |States |1 | |
|8 |Royal Princes, |Sovereign |life | |
| | Hered Nobles, | | | |
| | Appointees, &c| | | |
|9 |Hered Nobles, |Sovereign |life | |
| | Bishops, Life | | | |
| | Peers, etc. | | | |
|10 |Royal Princes, |Sovereign |life | |
| | Appointees | | |40[2] |
|11 |39 |By |2 | |
| | | Divisions | | |
|12 |Hered Nobles, |Sovereign | | |
| | 100 Life Sen | | | |
| | 130 elected by|States |10 | |
|13 |137, one for | |9 |35,P |
| | 30,000 | | | |
|14 |One-fourth of |People |3 | |
| | Storthing | indirectly| | |
|15 |44, 2 from |By cantons |3 |Voter |
| | each canton | | | |
|16 |28, 2 from |By | | |
| | each province | provinces | | |
|17 |27, 3 from |By the | | |
| | each state | states | | |
|18 |54, 2 from |State Leg. |6 |30 |
| | each state | | | |
|19 |58 |People | |40,N,P |
| | | indirectly| | |
+===+===============+===========+=====+===============+

COMPARATIVE LEGISLATIVE TABLE OF PRINCIPAL CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENTS.

[Transcriber's Notes: Next set of columns, continuing table.]

+===+==============+===========+=====+===============+==========+
| | Lower House | |
| +--------------+-----------+-----+---------------+ |
| |How Composed. |Election |Term |Qualifications |Salaries |
+===+==============+===========+=====+===============+==========+
|1 |40 Austrians, |State Leg. | | | |
| |40 Hungarians | | | | |
|2 |353 |People |6 | |$1780, yr |
|3 |445 |" |3 | | |
|4 |136, one for |" |4 |25,c,r |$84, m h |
| | 40,000 inh | | | | |
|5 |102 |" |3 |25,r |$4, day |
|6 |557 |" |4 |25,c |$1780, yr |
|7 |397 |" |3 | | |
|8 |433 |People |3 |30,c | |
| | | indirectly| | | |
|9 |658 |People |7 |21,c |None |
| | | indirectly| | | |
|10 |508, one for |" |5 |30,V,P |None |
| | 40,000 inh | | | | |
|11 | 86, one for |" |3 | |$830, yr |
| | 45,000 inh | | | | |
|12 |One for |" |5 |25 | |
| | 50,000 inh | | | | |
|13 | 64, town, |" |3 |21,P | |
| |140, country | | | | |
|14 |3/4 of |People |3 | | |
| | Storthing | indirectly| | | |
|15 |135, one for |People |3 |Voter |$2.50, dy |
| | 20,000 inh | | | | |
|16 |50 |" | | |$1040, yr |
|17 |66, one for |" |2 | | |
| | 50,000 inh | | | | |
|18 |331, one for |" |2 |25,r,8 | |
| | 80,000 inh | | | | |
|19 |122 |People |4 |N,P | |
| | | indirectly| | | |
+===+==============+===========+=====+===============+==========+

[Transcriber's Note: Perhaps because of a poor scan, I cannot find the
places where footnotes 1 and 2 are referenced.]

[Footnote 1: The Chancellor is responsible only to the Emperor. The
administration is through the Bundesrath in seven standing committees.]

[Footnote 2: These appointees must have held high office, or be eminent in
science, literature or art, or pay annual taxes of at least $600.]

[Footnote 3: Sweden and Norway form a F.H.M.]

In giving qualifications, N means _native_, and P means a _property_
qualification.

Greece has only one chamber in its legislature. Consult the Statesman's
Year-Book, or an encyclopedia.

TABLE OF RULERS or PRINCIPAL NATIONS, 1897.

YEAR OF DATE OF
GOVERNMENTS RULERS TITLE BIRTH ACCESSION
===================================================================
Argentina Jose E. Uriburu President Jan 22, '95
Austria Hungary Franz Joset I Emperor 1830 Dec 2 '48
Belgium Leopold II King 1835 Dec 10 '65
Bolivia General Alonzo President Aug -- '96
Brazil Prudente de Moraes President 1841 Nov 15 '94
Bulgaria Ferdinand I Prince 1861 July 7 '87
Chili Fed. Errazuriz President 1850 Sept 18 '96
China Tsai Tien Emperor 1872 Jan 12 '75
Colombia (US of) M.A. Caro President Sept 18 '94
Denmark Christian IX King 1818 Nov 15 '63
Ecuador Gen Eloy Alfaro President 1843 ------- '97
France Francois F. Faure President 1841 Jan 17 '95
Germany Wilhelm II Emperor 1859 June 15 '88
Baden Friedrich I Grand Duke 1826 Apr 24 '52
Bavaria Otto I King 1848 June 13 '86
Hesse Ernst Louis V Grand Duke 1868 Mar 13 '92
Mecklenburg
Schwerm Friedrich Franz III Grand Duke 1831 Apr 15 '83
Mecklenburg
Strelitz Friedrich Wilhelm Grand Duke 1819 Sept 6 '60
Oldenburg Nicholas F. Peter Grand Duke 1827 Feb 27 '33
Prussia Wilhelm II King 1859 June 15 '88
Saxony Albert King 1828 Oct 29 '73
Wurttemberg Wilhelm II King 1848 Oct 6 '91
Great Britain and
Ireland Victoria I Queen 1819 June 20 '37
British India Earl of Elgan Viceroy 1849 ------- '94
Canada Dominion
of Earl of Aberdeen Gov Gen 1847 Sept -- '93
Greece Georgios I King 1845 June 5 '63
Guatemala Gen. J.M.R. Burios President 1853 Mar 15 '92
Haiti Gen. Tiresias A.S. President ------- '96
Sam
Hawaiian Islands Sanford B. Dole President 1844 July 4 '94
Honduras Dr. P. Bonilla President Jan 1 '95
Italy Humbert I King 1844 Jan 9 '78
Japan Mutsu Hito Emperor 1852 Feb 13 '67
Korea Yi Hi King 1851 ------- '64
Mexico Porfirio Diaz President 1830 ------- '84
Montenegro Nicholas I Prince 1841 Aug 14 '60
Morocco Abdul Azziz Sultan 1878 June 7 '94
Netherlands Wilhelmina Queen 1880 Nov 23 '90
Nicaragua Gen. Santos Zelaya President 1853 Feb 1 '94
Paraguay Gen. Fgusquiza President Nov 25 '94
Persia Mozaffer ed Din Shah 1853 May 1 '96
Peru Nicolas de Pierola President Aug 12 '95

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