Part 1 out of 3
SPALDING'S OFFICIAL ATHLETIC LIBRARY
JOHN B. FOSTER
PRICE 10 CENTS
AMERICAN SPORTS PUBLISHING CO.,
21 Warren Street, New York City.
AMERICA'S NATIONAL GAME
By A. G. SPALDING
PRICE, $2.00 NET
A book of 600 pages, profusely illustrated with over 100 full page
engravings, and having sixteen forceful cartoons by Homer C. Davenport,
the famous American artist.
The above work should have a place in every public library in this
country, as also in the libraries of public schools and private houses.
The author of "America's National Game" is conceded, always, everywhere,
and by everybody, to have the best equipment of any living writer to
treat the subject that forms the text of this remarkable volume, viz.,
the story of the origin, development and evolution of Base Ball, the
National Game of our country.
Almost from the very inception of the game until the present time--as
player, manager and magnate--Mr. Spalding has been closely identified
with its interests. Not infrequently he has been called upon in times of
emergency to prevent threatened disaster. But for him the National Game
would have been syndicated and controlled by elements whose interests
were purely selfish and personal.
The book is a veritable repository of information concerning players,
clubs and personalities connected with the game in its early days, and
is written in a most interesting style, interspersed with enlivening
anecdotes and accounts of events that have not heretofore been
The response on the part of the press and the public to Mr. Spalding's
efforts to perpetuate the early history of the National Game has been
very encouraging and he is in receipt of hundreds of letters and
notices, a few of which are here given.
ROBERT ADAMSON, New York, writing from the office of Mayor Gaynor,
says:--"Seeing the Giants play is my principal recreation and I am
interested in reading everything I can find about the game. I especially
enjoy what you [Mr. Spalding] have written, because you stand as the
highest living authority on the game."
BARNEY DREYFUSS, owner of the Pittsburg National League club:--"It does
honor to author as well as the game. I have enjoyed reading it very
WALTER CAMP, well known foot ball expert and athlete, says:--"It is
indeed a remarkable work and one that I have read with a great deal of
JOHN B. DAY, formerly President of the New York Nationals:--"Your
wonderful work will outlast all of us."
W. IRVING SNYDER, formerly of the house of Peck & Snyder:--"I have read
the book from cover to cover with great interest."
ANDREW PECK, formerly of the celebrated firm of Peck & Snyder:--"All
base ball fans should read and see how the game was conducted in early
MELVILLE E. STONE, New York, General Manager Associated Press:--"I find
it full of valuable information and very interesting. I prize it very
GEORGE BARNARD, Chicago:--"Words fail to express my appreciation of the
book. It carries me back to the early days of base ball and makes me
feel like a young man again."
CHARLES W. MURPHY, President Chicago National League club:--"The book is
a very valuable work and will become a part of every base ball library
in the country."
JOHN F. MORILL, Boston, Mass., old time base ball star.--"I did not
think it possible for one to become so interested in a book on base
ball. I do not find anything in it which I can criticise."
RALPH D. PAINE, popular magazine writer and a leading authority on
college sport:--"I have been reading the book with a great deal of
interest. 'It fills a long felt want,' and you are a national benefactor
for writing it."
GEN. FRED FUNSTON, hero of the Philippine war:--"I read the book with a
great deal of pleasure and was much interested in seeing the account of
base ball among the Asiatic whalers, which I had written for Harper's
Round Table so many years ago."
DEWOLF HOPPER, celebrated operatic artist and comedian:--"Apart from the
splendid history of the evolution of the game, it perpetuates the
memories of the many men who so gloriously sustained it. It should be
read by every lover of the sport."
HUGH NICOL, Director of Athletics, Purdue University, Lafayette,
Ind.:--"No one that has read this book has appreciated it more than I.
Ever since I have been big enough, I have been in professional base
ball, and you can imagine how interesting the book is to me."
MRS. BRITTON, owner of the St. Louis Nationals, through her treasurer,
H.D. Seekamp, writes:--"Mrs. Britton has been very much interested in
the volume and has read with pleasure a number of chapters, gaining
valuable information as to the history of the game."
REV. CHARLES H. PARKHURST, D.D., New York:--"Although I am not very much
of a 'sport,' I nevertheless believe in sports, and just at the present
time in base ball particularly. Perhaps if all the Giants had an
opportunity to read the volume before the recent game (with the
Athletics) they might not have been so grievously outdone."
BRUCE CARTWRIGHT, son of Alexander J. Cartwright, founder of the
Knickerbocker Base Ball Club, the first organization of ball players in
existence, writing from his home at Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands,
says:--"I have read the book with great interest and it is my opinion
that no better history of base ball could have been written."
GEORGE W. FROST, San Diego, Calif.:--"You and 'Jim' White, George
Wright, Barnes, McVey, O'Rourke, etc., were little gods to us back there
in Boston in those days of '74 and '75, and I recall how indignant we
were when you 'threw us down' for the Chicago contract. The book is
splendid. I treasure it greatly."
A.J. REACH, Philadelphia, old time professional expert:--"It certainly
is an interesting revelation of the national game from the time, years
before it was so dignified, up to the present. Those who have played the
game, or taken an interest in it in the past, those at present engaged
in it, together with all who are to engage in it, have a rare treat in
DR. LUTHER H. GULICK, Russell Sage Foundation:--"Mr. Spalding has been
the largest factor in guiding the development of the game and thus
deserves to rank with other great men of the country who have
contributed to its success. It would have added to the interest of the
book if Mr. Spalding could have given us more of his own personal
experiences, hopes and ambitions in connection with the game."
_Pittsburg Press_:--"Historical incidents abound and the book is an
excellent authority on the famous sport."
_Philadelphia Telegraph_:--"In this book Mr. Spalding has written the
most complete and authoritative story of base ball yet published."
_New York Herald_:--"If there is anyone in the country competent to
write a book on base ball it is A.G. Spalding who has been interested in
the game from its early beginnings."
I.E. Sanborn, Chicago _Tribune_:--"'America's National Game' has been
added to the _Tribune's_ sporting reference library as an invaluable
contribution to the literature of the national pastime."
O.C. Reichard, Chicago _Daily News_:--"It is cleverly written and
presents information and dates of great value to the newspaper man of
George C. Rice, Chicago _Journal_:--"I have read the book through, and
take pleasure in stating that it is a complete history of the game from
the beginning until the present time."
Sherman R. Duffy, Sporting Editor _Chicago Journal_:--"It is a most
interesting work and one for which there was need. It is the most
valuable addition to base ball literature that has yet been put out."
Joseph H. Vila, New York _Sun_:--"I have read it carefully and with much
interest. It is the best piece of base ball literature I have ever seen,
and I congratulate you on the work."
Tim Murnane, Sporting Editor _Boston Globe_:--"You have given to the
world a book of inestimable value, a classic in American history; a book
that should be highly prized in every home library in the country."
Francis C. Richter, Editor _Sporting Life_, Philadelphia:--"From a
purely literary standpoint, your work is to me amazing. Frankly, I would
not change a line, for the reason that the story is told in a way to
grip the reader and hold his interest continually."
_Los Angeles Times_ (editorial):--"Spalding's book has been out six
months and ninety thousand copies have been sold. We understand there
will be other editions. America has taken base ball seriously for at
last two generations, and it is time enough that the fad was given an
adequate text book."
Caspar Whitney, Editor _Outdoor America_, and one of the leading
authorities in the world on sport:--"You have made an invaluable
contribution to the literature of the game, and one none else could have
made. Moreover, you've done some very interesting writing, which is a
distinct novelty in such books--too often dull and uninteresting."
_New York World_:--"Albert G. Spalding, who really grew up with the
sport, has written 'America's National Game,' which he describes as not
a history, but the simple story of the game as he has come to know it.
His book, therefore, is full of living interest. It is a volume
generously illustrated and abounds in personal memories of base ball in
_New York Sun_:--"There is a mass of interesting information regarding
base ball, as might be expected, in Mr. Spalding's 'America's National
Game.' It is safe to say that before Spalding there was no base ball.
The book is no record of games and players, but it is historical in a
broader sense, and the author is able to give his personal decisive
testimony about many disputed points."
_Evening Telegram_, New York:--"In clear, concise, entertaining,
narrative style, Albert G. Spalding has contributed in many respects the
most interesting work pertaining to base ball, the national game, which
has been written.
"There is so much in it of interest that the temptation not to put it
down until it is completed is strong within the mind of every person who
begins to read it. As a historical record it is one of those volumes
which will go further to straighten some disputed points than all of the
arguments which could be advanced in good natured disputes which might
last for months."
_Providence_ (R. I.) _Tribune_:--"The pictures of old time teams players
and magnates of a bygone era will interest every lover of the game, and
no doubt start many discussions and recollections among the old timers."
_New York Evening Mail_:--"Were it possible to assemble the grand army
of base ball fans in convention, their first act probably would be to
pass a vote of thanks to Mr. A.G. Spalding for his work 'America's
_Columbus_ (Ohio) _Dispatch_:--"Never before has been put in print so
much of authentic record of this distinctly national game, and it will
be long, if ever, until so thoroughly interesting and useful a volume is
published to cover the same field."
_New Orleans Picayune_:--"The pictures of old time teams, players and
magnates of a bygone era will interest every lover of the game. Homer
Davenport, America's great cartoonist, has contributed drawings in his
inimitable style of various phases of the game."
_Indianapolis Star_:--"From cover to cover, the 542 pages are filled
with material for 'fanning bees,' which the average 'fan' never before
encountered. It is an interesting volume for anyone who follows the
national pastime and a valuable addition to any library."
_Buffalo News_:--"No book on base ball has ever been written that is
superior to this one by A.G. Spalding. The book is admirably written,
yet without any frills. Many of the more notable incidents recounted in
this book are having wide publication by themselves."
_Brooklyn Times_:--"The book is practically a compendium of the salient
incidents in the evolution of professional base ball. Mr. Spalding is
pre-eminently fitted to perform this service, his connection with the
game having been contemporaneous with its development, as player, club
owner and league director."
_Washington_ (D. C.) _Star_:--"This work appeals with peculiar force to
the public. Mr. Spalding's name is almost synonymous with base ball. He
has worked to the end of producing a volume which tells the story of the
game vividly and accurately. Taken altogether, this is a most valuable
and entertaining work."
_New York American_:--"One of the best selling books of the season has
been 'America's National Game,' by A.G. Spalding. The first edition of
five thousand copies has been sold out (in two months) and a second
edition of five thousand is now on the press. As a Christmas gift from
father to son, it is most appropriate."
_Cincinnati Enquirer_:--"As a veteran of the diamond, well qualified to
do so, Mr. Spalding has committed to print a professional's version of
the distinctly American game. This well known base ball celebrity has a
store of familiar anecdotes embracing the entire period of the game as
now played and the reader will find it most interesting."
_Teacher and Home, New York_:--"Every live father of a live boy will
want to buy this book. It is said of some of the 'best sellers' that
they hold one to the end. This book holds the reader with its anecdote,
its history, its pictures; but it will have no end; for no home--no
American home--will be complete hereafter without it."
_Buffalo Times_:--"A.G. Spalding, with whose name every American boy is
familiar, has been prevailed upon to commit to print events which were
instrumental in guiding the destinies of the National League during the
trying period of its early days. To write upon base ball in a historical
manner, and yet not fall into the habit of quoting interminable
statistics, is a feat that few could accomplish."
_Cincinnati Times-Star_:--"'America's National Game,' A.G. Spalding's
great book upon the diamond sport, is now upon the market and receiving
well merited attention. It tells the story as Mr. Spalding saw it, and
no man has been in position to see more. When 'Al' Spalding, the sinewy
pitcher of nearly forty years ago, came into the arena, the game was
young, and through all the changing seasons that have seen it mature
into full bloom, its closest watcher and strongest friend has been the
same 'Al' Spalding."
_Cincinnati Time-Star_:--"The book is at once a history, a cyclopaedia
and a most entertaining volume."
_New York American_:--"'America's National Game' tells for the first
time the history of the national game of base ball."
_Portland Oregonian_:--"The book is of rare interest and has such
personal value in the story line that one hardly knows where to begin in
making quotations from it--all the stories told are so admirable."
JOHN T. NICHOLSON, Principal Public School 186, New York:--"It's a great
REV. W.A. SUNDAY, Evangelist:--"No one in America is better qualified to
talk of base ball, from its inception to its present greatness, than
WM. L. VEECK and ED. W. SMITH, of the Chicago _American_:--"We have
found much enjoyment in reading the book, and it is very valuable in our
W.H. CONANT, Gossamer Rubber Co., Boston, Mass.:--"I have read the book
with great pleasure and it produced a vivid reminiscence of the striking
events in base ball, so full of interest to all lovers of the game."
JOSEPH B. MACCABE, Editor East Boston (Mass.) _Argus-Advocate_, and
ex-President Amateur Athletic Union:--"I want to express my gratitude,
as a humble follower of manly sport, for the compilation of this
JOHN A. LOWELL, President John A. Lowell Bank Note Company, Boston,
Mass.:--"I have read the book with great interest and it certainly is a
valuable compilation of facts relating to the history of base ball, the
great national game of America. I prize it very highly."
WM. F. GARCELON, Harvard Athletic Association, Cambridge, Mass.:--"I
think 'America's National Game' is not only intensely interesting but
most valuable, as giving the history of the game. Better still, my nine
year old boy is looking forward to the time when he can get it away from
GUSTAV T. KIRBY, President of the Amateur Athletic Union:--"Not only as
a historical sketch of this great national game, but also as a technical
dissertation on base ball as it was and is, this book will not only be
of interest but of benefit to all of us Americans who are interested in
sport--and what American is not interested in sport?--and being
interested in sport, chiefly in base ball."
EVERETT C. BROWN, Chicago, ex-president of the Amateur Athletic Union of
the United States:--"It is very seldom that any history of any sport or
anything pertaining to athletics approaches the interest with which one
reads a popular work of fiction, but I can truthfully say that I have
read the story of the great national game with as much interest as I
have read any recent work of fiction."
THOMAS F. GRAHAM, Judge Superior Court, San Francisco:--"'America's
National Game' contains matter on the origin and development of base
ball--the greatest game ever devised by man--that will be of the utmost
interest to the base ball loving people, not only of this, but of every
English speaking country; and I am sure it will perpetuate the name of
A.G. Spalding to the end of time."
SPALDING'S OFFICIAL ATHLETIC LIBRARY
SPALDING'S OFFICIAL BASE BALL GUIDE
JOHN B. FOSTER
AMERICAN SPORTS PUBLISHING COMPANY
21 Warren Street, New York
A Remarkable Base Ball Tournament
A World's Series Problem
American League Averages, Official
American League Season of 1912
Base Ball Writers of the South
Base Ball Worth While?
Base Ball Playing Rules, Official
Index to Playing
Ready Reference Index to
Base Ball Playing Rules, Spalding's Simplified--
Base Running Rules
Field for Play, Fitness of
Gloves and Mitts, Regulation
Innings, Choice of
Players, Numbers and Position of
Scoring of Runs
Club Rosters of 1912, Official
Diagram, Correct, of a Ball Field
Elementary School Base Ball Tournament
John Tomlinson Brush
National League Season of 1912
National League Averages, Official
National Association of Professional Base Ball Leagues--
Blue Grass League
Central Kansas League
Cotton States League
Michigan State League
New York State League
New England League
Nebraska State League
North Carolina League
Ohio and Pennsylvania League
Ohio State League
Pacific Coast League
South Atlantic League
Southern Michigan Association
Western Canada League
New Faces in the Old League
The Spalding Base Ball Hall of Fame
The World's Series of 1912
NOTICE--To give adequate representation to College and School Base Ball
Teams, which heretofore has not been possible in the Guide owing to lack
of room, "Spalding's Official Collegiate Base Ball Annual" will be
issued in February. It will contain complete college records, pictures
and information exclusively pertaining to College Base Ball. Price 10
In preparing this issue of SPALDING'S OFFICIAL BASE BALL GUIDE for the
season of 1913, it has occurred to the Editor that the season of 1912,
and the period which followed its completion, have been filled, with a
great deal of unusual and uncommon vicissitude.
In the first place the personnel of the National League, the oldest Base
Ball organization in the world, has been greatly changed by reason of
death and purchase of one franchise. New owners have brought new faces
into the game, and when the National League starts on this year's
campaign there will be some younger but equally as ambitious men at the
heads of some of the clubs.
The players have effected an organization. That, too, is an incident of
interest, for it is well within the memory of the Base Ball "fans" of
this day what happened when another organization was perfected in the
past. For this organization it may be said that the members promise that
it will be their object to bring about better deportment on the part of
their own associates and that they will work their best for the
advancement of Base Ball from a professional standpoint. If they do this
they will be of benefit to the sport. If they work from selfish motives
it is inevitable that eventually there will be a clash, as there was in
The last world's series which was played was the greatest special series
of games which has been played in the history of the national pastime.
There may have been single games and there may have been series which
have attracted their full measure of interest from the Base Ball "fans,"
but there never has been a special series so filled with thrills and
excitement as that between the New York and Boston clubs. The GUIDE this
year enters into the subject thoroughly with photographs and a story of
the games and feels that the readers will enjoy the account of the
Some innovations have been attempted in this number of the GUIDE which
should interest Base Ball readers. Attention is called to the symposium
by prominent Base Ball writers which brings up a subject of interest in
regard to future world's series. There are other special articles,
including something about the Base Ball writers of the South, who have
decided to organize a chapter of their own.
The year 1912 was one of progress and advancement on the part of Base
Ball throughout the world. To-day it not only is stronger than ever as
America's national game but it is making fast progress in other
countries because of the attractiveness of the pastime.
The Editor of the GUIDE wishes its thousands of readers an even more
enjoyable Base Ball year in 1913 than they had in 1912. This publication
is now one of worldwide circulation, and carries the gospel of Base
Ball, not only across the Atlantic ocean, but across the Pacific ocean
as well. One of these days it may be its province to report a series for
the international championship, and then Base Ball will have become the
universal game of the world, a place toward which it is rapidly tending.
BY JOHN B. FOSTER.
PROGRESS OF AMERICA'S NATIONAL GAME
Two more nations have been conquered by the national game of the United
States; a whole race has succumbed to the fascinations of the greatest
of all outdoor sports. Both France and Sweden have announced their
intention of organizing Base Ball leagues. That of Sweden is well under
way. Indeed, they have a club in Stockholm and there are more to follow,
while the French, who have gradually been awakening to the joys of
athletic pastime in which they have hitherto chosen to participate in
other ways, hope to have a new league by the expiration of the present
There is no doubt as to their intention to play Base Ball. They are
making efforts to procure suitable players from the United States to
coach them and the French promoters of the sport are determined that
their young men shall be given every opportunity to take advantage of
the game of which they have heard so much, and have seen so little.
Last year in the GUIDE it was the pleasure of the editor to call
attention to the fact that the Japanese had so thoroughly grasped Base
Ball that they were bent on some day playing an American team for the
international championship. It is not probable that such a series will
take place within the next five years, but not improbable that it will
take place within the next decade. When the Japanese learn to bat
better, and with more effect, they will become more dangerous rivals to
the peace of mind of the American players. They have grasped the general
theory of the game amazingly well, and they field well, but they have
yet to develop some of those good old fashioned "clean up" hitters in
which the "fans" of the United States revel.
This season it comes to the attention of the editor of the GUIDE that
more progress has been made in China in regard to Base Ball than in any
fifty years preceding. True, there was not much Base Ball in the fifty
years preceding, but now there is. There is a league at Hong Kong. There
are Base Ball teams at Shanghai and other cities.
Dr. Eliot, former president of Harvard, who recently returned from a
trip around the world, holds that Base Ball has done more to humanize
and civilize the Chinese than any influence which has been introduced by
foreigners, basing his statement on the fact that the introduction of
the sport among the younger Chinese has exerted a tremendous restraint
upon their gambling propensities.
It is a rather queer fact that where the civilizations are older in the
countries of the Occident there is a greater tendency to gamble,
especially among the young, than there is in the newer America.
Doubtless this is largely due to the lack of athletic pastime. The young
of those countries know little or nothing about simple amusements which
are so popular in the United States, and acquire from their elders their
knowledge of betting and taking part in games of chance, two evils which
unquestionably have done much to degrade the race as a whole.
Base Ball has caught the fancy of the younger generation and the boys.
Once they get a ball and a bat in their hands they are better satisfied
with them than with all the gambling devices which have been bequeathed
to them by a long and eminent line of forefathers.
So it would appear that the introduction of the national game of the
United States into China is likely to exert a humanizing influence which
shall go further than legislation or sword, and if only the missionaries
had grasped earlier the wishes and the tendency of the younger element
of the Chinese population, the country might be further along than it is
with its progressive movement.
In the Philippine Islands the younger generation simply has gone wild
over Base Ball. Progress has been noted in the GUIDE from time to time
of the increase of interest but it is now at such a pitch that the boys
of the islands, wherever Base Ball has been introduced, simply have
deserted everything for it. They will play nothing else. The cockfights
and the gambling games, which were also a part of the amusement of the
younger men, have been given up. The little fellows who wear not much
more than a breechclout play Base Ball. They have picked up many of the
American terms and one of the most amusing of experiences is to stand
outside the walls of old Manila and hear the little brown boys call:
"Shoot it over. Line it out," and the like, returning to their native
language, and jabbering excitedly in Filipino whenever they arrive at
some point of play in which their command of English fails them.
Twenty years from now a league including cities of the Philippines,
China and Japan, is by no means out of the question, and it may be that
the introduction of Base Ball into all three countries will result in a
better understanding between the peoples and perhaps bring all three
races to a better frame of mind as relates to their personal ambitions
In connection with the widespread influence which Base Ball is having on
both sides of the world, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean and on those
of the Atlantic Ocean the editor would like to call attention to the
theory which has been advanced by Mr. A.G. Spalding, the founder of the
GUIDE, as to the efficacy of Base Ball for the purpose of training
athletes, that has a worldwide application.
Mr. Spalding contends that Base Ball has lent no small assistance to the
athletes of the United States in helping them to win premier honors at
the Olympic Games since their reintroduction. Mr. Spalding was the first
American Commissioner to the Olympic Games appointed to that post, the
honor being conferred upon him in 1900, when the late President McKinley
gave him his commission to represent the United States at Paris in 1900.
Mr. Spalding, with his analytical mind has reasoned out a theory which
is undoubtedly of great accuracy, and which is further corroborated by
an interview given out in London--strangely enough on the same day that
Mr. Spalding gave utterance to his ideas in Los Angeles--by Mr. J.E.
Sullivan, American Commissioner to the Olympic Games at Stockholm last
year, while returning to the United States after witnessing the triumphs
of the Americans. Mr. Spalding said:
"I cannot say that I am at all surprised at the result at Stockholm.
History has been repeating itself in this way ever since the celebration
of the Olympic games was inaugurated at Athens. America won the victory
there in 1896; she triumphed again at Paris in 1900; our athletes
defeated the contestants at St. Louis in 1904; the victory was ours at
London in 1908, and it was a foregone conclusion that we would win at
"But there is food for thought in this uninterrupted succession of
triumphs. Why do our athletes always win? All other things being equal,
the contestants in the country holding the event should naturally come
to the front. Their numbers are always greater than those from any other
country and the home grounds influence is strong. However, that
advantage has not in any case prevented American success.
"Therefore there must be a cause. What is it? Measured by scale and
tape, our athlete's are not so much superior as a class. The theory of
'more beef' must be discarded. We may not lay claim to having all the
best trainers of the world. We must look to some other source for
"I may be a prejudiced judge, but I believe the whole secret of these
continued successes is to be found to the kind of training that comes
with the playing of America's national game, and our competitors in
other lands may never hope to reach the standard of American athletes
until they learn this lesson and adopt our pastime.
"The question, 'When should the training of a child begin?' has been
wisely answered by the statement that it should antedate his birth. The
training of Base Ball may not go back quite that far, but it approaches
the time as nearly as practicable, for America starts training of future
Olympian winners very early in life. Youngsters not yet big enough to
attend school begin quickening their eyesight and sharpening their wits
and strengthening their hands and arms and legs by playing on base ball
fields ready at hand in the meadows of farms, the commons of villages
and the parks of cities all over the land. Base ball combines running,
jumping, throwing and everything that constitutes the athletic events of
the Olympian games. But above all, it imparts to the player that degree
of confidence in competition, that indefinable something that enables
one athlete to win over another who may be his physical equal but who is
lacking the American spirit begotten of base ball.
"An analysis of the 1912 Olympian games shows that the American showed
to best advantage in contests where the stress of competition was
hardest. In the dashes they were supreme; in the hurdles they were in a
class by themselves, and in the high jump and pole vault there was no
one worthy of their steel. Whenever quick thinking and acting was
required, an American was in front. Does not this fact prove that the
American game of base ball enables the player to determine in the
fraction of a second what to do to defeat his contestant?"
* * * * *
WHAT A SEASON OF BASE BALL COSTS
It may not be out of place to say a few words in regard to the greatly
increased cost of Base Ball. There are some sensational writers whose
hobby is to inform the public about the great receipts in Base Ball.
Usually they exaggerate from twenty-five to thirty-five per cent.
Now as to the expense of Base Ball. Figures at an approximate for the
National League will be offered. Railroad expenses for mileage alone
$300,000, including spring training trips. Hotel bills $65,000. Sleeping
cars and meals en route, $80,000. Salaries to players, $480,000. Total,
$875,000. Add to this $30,000 for the salaries of umpires and their
traveling expenses. That makes $905,000.
Now not a penny has been appropriated thus far for the salaries of the
president of the National League, the secretary and expenditures of the
office nor for the salaries of the business departments of the various
clubs, nor for ground rents, taxes and a dozen and one other things, to
say nothing of that well-known old item "wear and tear."
The receipts of Base Ball barely cover these expenditures. The alleged
profits of Base Ball mostly are fanciful dreams of those who know
nothing of the practical side of the sport and are stunned when they are
made acquainted with the real financial problems which confront club
But the money that is contributed to the support of the game almost
immediately finds its way back into public channels. Less than thirty
per cent. of Base Ball clubs realize what a business man would call a
fair return on the amount invested.
A well-known writer on economic topics interviewed owners of Base Ball
clubs as to their income and outgo. One of the best known of the
National League men took the writer into his office and spread the cash
book of the club's business before him.
"You may go through it if you wish," said the owner, "but here is the
balance for the last day of the year."
It read as follows: Receipts, $250,505; expenditures, $246,447.
"That's answer enough for me," said the writer. "I am through with any
more essays on the affluence of Base Ball 'magnates.' I think it would
be better to extend them the hand of charity than the mailed fist."
* * * * *
THE NEW ORGANIZATION OF PLAYERS
The formation of an organization on the part of the major league ball
players during the closing days of the season of 1912 was looked upon
with some misgivings by those who remember only too well what happened
when a prior organization of ball players was formed.
In the present instance those foremost in perfecting the organization
have also been foremost in asserting that the players' organization's
principal aim is to co-operate with the club owners.
If this object is followed with fidelity and to its ultimate conclusion
there is no necessity to fear any grave disturbances, but there is a
dread--that dread which is the fear of the child that has had its hands
burned by the flame, that a selfish coterie of players might obtain
control of the organization, set up a policy of unscrupulous defiance
and destructive opposition and retard for a moment the higher
development of the game.
There is no organization, either of unscrupulous Base Ball players or
unscrupulous club owners, which will ever find it possible to destroy
organized Base Ball. The results that organized Base Ball have brought
about will never be annihilated although grave injury could be
temporarily wrought by a force defiant to tie unusual demands made by
the sport to perpetuate itself successfully.
It is simply out of the question to control Base Ball as one would
control the affairs of a department store. Base Ball has its commercial
side, but its commercial side cannot maintain it with success. There
must be a predominant factor based upon the encouragement that brings
forth admiration for a high class sport. This factor can only be
fostered by the ability to maintain not one, but a group of high class
Any ball player imbued with the idea that the "stars" should be grouped
together in the city best able to pay the highest salaries simply is an
enemy to his career and to those of his fellow players.
Without some handicap to assist in the equalizing of the strength of
Base Ball nines of the professional leagues there will be no prosperity
for the leagues or the clubs individually. No better evidence may be
cited to prove this than the fact, repeatedly demonstrated that in the
smaller leagues Base Ball enthusiasts in the city best able to pay the
largest salaries frequently withdraw their support of the team because
"it wins all the time."
To-day Base Ball, in its professional atmosphere, is nearer an ideal
sport, a better managed sport, and a more fairly and equitably adjusted
sport, than it ever has been, which is manifest proof of its superior
evolution. Had results been otherwise it would have retrograded and
possibly passed out of existence. Carefully comparing its management
with that of all other sports in history the Editor of the GUIDE
believes that it is the best managed sport in the world.
It is true that improvements can be made. It is evident that there are
still commercialized owners not over capitalized with a spirit of sport.
It is undeniable that there are ball players not imbued with a high tone
of the obligations, which they owe to their employers and to the public,
but it is as certain as the existence of the game that progress has been
made, and that it has not ceased to move forward.
For that reason players and owners must be guided by a sense of lofty
ideals and not be led astray by foolish outbursts over trivial
differences of opinion, easily to be adjusted by the exercise of a
little common sense.
* * * * *
BASE BALL PLAYED IN SWEDEN
In connection with the subject of "Base Ball For All the World," for
which the GUIDE expounds and spreads the gospel, the Editor would submit
a very interesting letter received by him from Sweden. it reads as
Westeras, Sweden, Sept. 14, 1912.
To the Editor of the GUIDE:
We hereby have the pleasure of sending you two copies of the rules,
translated and issued by the Westeras Base Ball Club, into Swedish from
the Spalding Base Ball Guide.
The work of getting the book out has been somewhat slow on account of
that the work of translating, proofreading, etc., all had to be done on
our spare time, but it is done now, and I think we have succeeded pretty
well, everything considered. The books will be distributed by a
well-known book firm, Bjork & Boyeson, Stockholm, and will soon be
available in all the bookstores in Sweden.
We got some advance copies out just in time for the Olympic Games, and I
had the pleasure of presenting some copies to Commissioner Col.
Thompson, Manager Halpin and others of the American Olympic Committee.
As you know, so did we have a game of Base Ball at Stockholm with one of
the Finland teams, and as it may be of some interest to you to know the
preliminaries to the game, I am writing to relate how it happened.
In trying to arrange for some amusements in the evenings at the Stadium,
the Olympic Committee wrote us if we would be willing to take part in a
game of Base Ball at Stadium some evening during the Stadium week. As
our club this year was in poor condition, on account of some of our best
players being out on military duties, we hesitated at first, but then
decided to risk it, knowing very well that whoever we would play
against, they would not rub in to us too hard. We pointed out to the
Olympic Committee that it would not be very hard to get a team of Base
Ball players picked out from the American athletes taking part in the
contests, but as they would not be prepared for Base Ball, suits and
other needed articles had to be provided for. We were then told to get
necessary things ordered, and so we did. We ordered suits from a tailor
in this town, after a pattern that I got from Spalding's this spring.
The suits were of gray flannel, with blue trimmings for our team and red
trimmings for the American. I also ordered bats and gloves, and with the
things our club already had, we were very well equipped.
The Olympic Committee, Stockholm, then received a letter from the
Olympic Committee, New York, saying that if a game of Base Ball could be
arranged for during the Olympian Games, they would bring two teams along
on the Finland. The Olympic Committee cabled to come along, and sent us
a copy of Mr. Sullivan's letter. I knew, of course, that if the game
could be played by two American teams, it would be a much better game
than if our team took part, and told the Olympic Committee, and wanted
to withdraw, but as they did not know for sure how it would be, told us
to go ahead with the arrangements just the same, and so we did, and by
the time the Finland arrived, everything had been arranged for.
The Olympic Committee has selected the evening, 7 P.M., of the 10th of
July, for the game, and thought that this would be suitable to the
Americans, but as some of the players had to take part in the contests,
Mr. Halpin would not risk them then, so it was finally decided that a
game should be played the 15th, the Americans to play six innings
between themselves and then six innings against us.
Well, we had a game at the training grounds. We played six innings, and
Mr. Halpin was kind enough to let us have a pitcher and catcher from his
men. The score was 9 to 3, and it could just as well been 9 to 0,
perhaps. Well, at any rate, it was the first Base Ball game, as far as I
know, that ever took place in Europe between an American team and a
European team, with England possibly excepted.
Mr. Halpin said that the Americans were going to play a game the next
morning between themselves, but that game did not come off. There was
probably no time for it, as the Finland left Stockholm the same day.
Very likely the American boys were somewhat disappointed in not being
able to play between themselves, as anticipated, and perhaps I should
not have pushed our game ahead, but as long as there was a Base Ball
team in Sweden, it would have been strange if it had not played, and it
gave our boys a chance to see how the game should be played, and they
certainly did take it in. Had the game been played as it was intended
and advertised, on the 10th in the Stadium, there would very likely have
been a bigger crowd present, and the game would also have been more
talked about in the papers, but then we will have to be satisfied as it
Our club has been practicing all summer, twice a week, and on the 24th
of August we gave an exhibition game here at Westeras, between two teams
from our club, the suits made for the Olympic Games coming in very
handy. I send you herewith a clipping from a local paper describing the
game, and also a picture of the two teams with myself and the umpire
At our game here we distributed the "Description of Base Ball," written
by you and translated into Swedish, and it came of good use. Next year
we intend to have our teams appear in the nearby cities around here, so
as to give people a chance to see the game, and it will not be long
before they will start it in Stockholm, so I think the game is bound to
be popular here also,
Mr. George Wright, of Boston, was the umpire at the Stockholm games, and
as he was very kind to us, we would like to send him the picture of the
club, and hope that you will forward us his address.
I am, for Westeras Base Ball Club,
* * * * *
THE NEW NATIONAL AGREEMENT
Unlimited satisfaction must be had by all who are connected with Base
Ball over the greatly improved conditions by which the season of 1913 is
begun under the new National Agreement. While it perhaps might be
exaggerated boastfulness to affirm that Base Ball, as a professionally
organized sport, has attained perfection, it is not out of reason--
indeed, quite within reason--to observe that Base Ball never had such a
well balanced and perfect organization as that by which it is regulated
at the present time.
The principal fact of congratulation lies in the safeguards and
provisions which have been thrown around the players of the minor
leagues and in the equitable and just measures which have been agreed
upon to provide for their future.
As a general rule it may be taken for granted that the players of the
major leagues can take care of themselves. That is to say, their
positions, if they are expert in their calling, and conscientious in
their deportment, really take care of them.
No club owner, unless he is maliciously or foolishly inclined, will
jeopardize the interests of his team by acting in a wilfully unjust
manner toward a player who is cheerfully and uprightly offering his
services. We may hear of occasional exceptions to this condition of
things, but if these occasional exceptions chance to arise, it is
inevitably certain that the owner in the long run will suffer to a
greater degree than the player with whom he deals unfairly.
It is the history of Base Ball that more inequitable treatment has
arisen by fifty per cent in the minor leagues than has had its origin in
the major leagues. The reason for this existed almost wholly in the
inability of Base Ball as a whole to bring the minor league owners to a
realization of the injury that they might be doing and to extend such
punishment and insist upon such regulation as were necessary to change
this undesirable condition.
By the organization of the National Association of Base Ball clubs the
minor leagues, for the first time in their history, placed themselves in
a position where they could demand proper enforcement of regulations for
the government of the sport, and by their alliance with the major league
clubs, under the articles of the National Agreement, a general working
basis was effected whereby compliance with rules could be insisted upon.
The result of this admirable condition of affairs is that wisdom and
equity now rule where there once existed chaos and at times something
akin to anarchy in sport.
At no time in the history of the game, which is so dear to the hearts of
the American people, has the general legislative and executive body been
so well equipped by the adoption of pertinent and virile laws to insist
upon justice to all concerned as at the present moment.
The new National Agreement is an improvement upon the old and the old
was a long, long step in advance of anything which had preceded it. The
mere fact that club owners and leagues were so willing to adopt a system
better than its predecessor wholly confutes the absurd assertions of the
radical element that there is no consideration shown for the player.
To the contrary, every consideration has been shown to the player, but
the latter must not confound with the consideration shown to him the
idea that his interests are the only interests at stake in Base Ball.
The man who is willing to furnish the sinews of war has as good standing
in court as the player who furnishes the base hits and the phenomenal
So perfect is the system which is being attempted to be set in force by
the new National Agreement that the young man who now essays to play
professional Base Ball may be assured of steady advancement in this
profession and a generally improving condition if he will be as honest
by his employer as he expects his employer to be honest by him.
The graduated system of assisting players, step by step, from the least
important leagues to the most important is the most perfect plan of its
kind that has ever been devised. There may be flaws in it, but if there
are they will be remedied, and if modifications are necessary to make it
more perfect there is no doubt that such modifications will be agreed
As proof of what the new National Agreement may do, although it has
barely had time to be considered, the editor of the GUIDE would submit
the following for consideration:
Ever since the National Agreement was organized the members have always
striven to aid the players in their efforts to gain the top rank in the
great national game. They have had a hard proposition in handling all of
the cases that have been brought to their attention, but their decisions
in all cases were absolutely fair and impartial. Then the matter of the
new agreement occasioned many hours of laborious work on the part of the
members of the Commission, and when the instrument was finally announced
it meant that all of the parties to such an agreement were satisfied and
that there could be no improvement. There was one detail that covered a
wide field, and that was in the matter of players; drafted by the two
big leagues and later sent back to the minors. Under the old National
Agreement it was possible to pick up a player by means of the annual
draft from one of the Class C leagues and just before the opening of the
season send him back to the club from whence he came without ever having
given him a chance to land with a club in some higher organization.
Realizing that such players were not given a chance to advance in the
Base Ball profession, this matter was thoroughly thrashed out and the
new ruling under which all of the National Agreement clubs operate was
adopted. Now it is possible for a player in any of the smaller leagues
to be drafted by a major league club, and when the latter party does not
care to retain possession of such a player he is first offered to the
Class AA clubs. All of these clubs must waive on him before he can be
dropped farther down in the list, and if such should be the case he
would then be offered to the Class A clubs. In that way the player,
although he is not fast enough to remain in the two major leagues, is
always given a chance to advance, for if any of the clubs in those
classes higher than that from which he came had grabbed him he was bound
to receive an increase in salary. That meant that he had his chance to
advance, and that was the sole purpose of the National Agreement in
drafting such a rule.
During the past drafting season there were sixty-nine players drafted by
the two major league clubs, and of that number twenty-seven have already
been sent back to the minor leagues. The Class AA and A clubs claimed
all of these twenty-seven, and it is more than likely that there will
also be many more who will be given trials by the big league clubs
during the spring training season and who may later be turned back to
the minors. Of the twenty-seven players thus far sent back seventeen of
them advanced in their profession, a tribute to the sagacity, wisdom and
impartiality of the members of the National Commission. The decision, as
announced by Chairman Herrmann of the National Commission pertaining to
this return of drafted players, is as follows:
Clubs. | League. | Players. | Drafted | Drafted By
| | | From |
Louisville |American Asso. |Stansbury |Louisville |St. Louis N.L.
Chattanooga |Southern Asso. |Balenti |Chattanooga|St. Louis A.L.
Sacramento |Pacific Coast |Berghammer|Lincoln |Chicago N.L.
Sacramento |Pacific Coast |Orr |Sacramento |Phila. A.L.
Sacramento |Pacific Coast |Young |Harrisburg |New York A.L.
Sacramento |Pacific Coast |Drohan |Kewanee |Washington.
Indianapolis|American Asso. |Berghammer|Lincoln |Chicago N.L.
Indianapolis|American Asso. |Cathers |Scranton |St. Louis N.L.
Indianapolis|American Asso. |Metz |San Antonio|Boston N.L.
Indianapolis|American Asso. |Kernan |Oshkosh |Chicago A.L.
New Orleans |Southern Asso. |Bates |Newp't News|Cleveland.
New Orleans |Southern Asso. |Wilson |Knoxville |Cleveland.
New Orleans |Southern Asso. |Betts |San Antonio|Cleveland.
New Orleans |Southern Asso. |Drohan |Kewanee |Washington.
New Orleans |Southern Asso. |Williams |Newark, O |Washington.
Portland |Pacific Coast |Williams |Newark, O |Washington.
Portland |Pacific Coast |Drohan |Kewanee |Washington.
Portland |Pacific Coast |Bates. |Newp't News|Cleveland.
Portland |Pacific Coast |Grubb |Morristown |Cleveland.
Portland |Pacific Coast |Wilson |Knoxville |Cleveland.
Portland |Pacific Coast |Betts |San Antonio|Cleveland.
Milwaukee |American Asso. |Beall |Denver |Cleveland.
St. Paul |American Asso. |Berghammer|Lincoln |Chicago N.L.
St. Paul |American Asso. |Miller |Harrisburg |Pittsburgh.
St. Paul |American Asso. |Booe |Ft. Wayne |Pittsburgh.
St. Paul |American Asso. |House |Kewanee |Detroit.
St. Paul |American Asso. |Drohan |Kewanee |Washington.
St. Paul |American Asso. |Beall |Denver |Cleveland.
St. Paul |American Asso. |Balenti |Chattanooga|St. Louis A.L.
St. Paul |American Asso. |Agnew |Vernon |St. Louis A.L.
Omaha |Western League |Wilson |Knoxville |Cleveland.
Omaha |Western League |Williams |Newark, O |Washington.
Omaha |Western League |Betts |San Antonio|Cleveland.
Omaha |Western League |Drohan |Kewanee |Washington.
Buffalo |Internat'l League|Schang |Buffalo |Phila. A.L.
Buffalo |Internat'l League|Dolan |Rochester |Phila. A.L.
Buffalo |Internat'l League|Cottrell |Scranton |Chicago N.L.
Buffalo |Internat'l League|Clymer |Minneapolis|Chicago N.L.
Columbus |American Asso. |Drohan |Kewanee |Washington.
Rochester |Internat'l League|Dolan |Rochester |Phila. A.L.
Montreal |Internat'l League|Connelly |Montreal |Washington.
Toledo |American Asso. |Hernden | |St. Louis.
Toledo |American Asso. |Stevenson |Oshkosh |St. Louis N.L.
Toledo |American Asso. |Bates |Newp't News|Cleveland.
Toledo |American Asso. |Wilson |Knoxville |Cleveland.
Denver |Western League |Heckinger |Racine |Chicago N.L.
Denver |Western League |Drohan |Kewanee |Washington.
1: Subject to investigation as to whether New York American League Club
2: Subject to investigation as to whether St. Louis American or National
League Club has title to this player and how secured.
* * * * *
A WORLD'S SERIES PROBLEM
Much discussion arose after the finish of the last world's series as to
whether the adjustment of dates had worked satisfactorily. The
contention was that playing off a tie game on the ground where the game
had been scheduled might work some inconvenience to "fans" and result in
an inequitable allotment of dates, simply to conform to custom.
It was asserted that the importance of the series demanded that it be a
home-and-home affair, dates to alternate regularly, regardless of all
ties or drawn games. To obtain opinion that is sound and practical the
Editor of the GUIDE sent forth the following letter:
NEW YORK, January 31, 1913.
During the recent world's series it so happened that a tie was played in
one of the cities, which compelled both teams to remain in that city for
another date. Before the series was over this arrangement resulted in
one club having five games on its home grounds and the other club having
but three games on its home grounds.
It has seemed to some that it is unjust. It is also contended that it is
unfair to the patrons of the game to schedule a contest and then not
play in the city specified after some had traveled many miles to see it.
Will you please give the GUIDE your opinion as to whether a change would
Very truly yours,
JOHN B. FOSTER,
_Editor Spalding's Official Base Ball Guide._
Answers were received to the request for a "symposium of opinion" as
"So far as having any effect on the chances of the two teams is
concerned, I don't think having to play more games on one ground than on
the other makes any material difference. Where cities are sufficiently
near each other for games to be alternated daily, it would perhaps be
fairer to spectators to do so, irrespective of ties; yet it seems to me
that a tie on one grounds should be played off the next day in the same
_New York Sun._
* * * * *
"In my opinion the arrangement on tie games in the post-season contests
is a poor one. I saw the result of it in the series between the Cubs and
White Sox last fall. Two tie games were played and the confusion and
inconvenience it caused the fans was deplorable. It is unjust to the
followers who support Base Ball. It is also unjust, in a small way, to
the club which has to play two or more games on its opponent's field.
Players when away from their home grounds, in a fall series, are more or
less under a nervous strain. If there was confusion, inconvenience and
difficulty in a local series as a result of a tie game, the folly of the
arrangement must appear more absurd when towns like New York and Boston
are involved. Dates should alternate, tie or not tie."
OSCAR C. REICHOW,
_Chicago Daily News._
* * * * *
"We are in receipt of your favor of the 31st nlt., and wish to thank you
for the opportunity presented.
"It is our opinion that a tie game was played and it should be
considered as a game. Either side had an opportunity to win and any
advantage that the home club might have had was lost when it failed to
break the tie.
"It is, therefore, our belief that this game should have been played in
the other city.
"As to it being unfair to the patrons who had traveled so far to see the
scheduled contest, there is no doubt that they were afforded a
sufficient amount of amusement and excitement for their trouble, in
witnessing a closely played contest."
J. G. T. SPINK,
_St. Louis Sporting News._
* * * * *
"It seems to me that the game should be alternated between the
contending cities regardless of ties. The tie game gave Boston five
games on the home grounds, while the Giants had only three. Besides,
many persons, who traveled to see the games in New York, were
JOHN E. WHEELER,
_New York Herald._
* * * * *
"I think that the scheduled programme should be played through
irrespective of the results of the respective games, and any extra
playing or playing-off should be done after the originally set schedule
H. P. BORCHELL,
_Sports Editor New York Times._
* * * * *
"I believe it would be inadvisable to change the method that now
prevails. While the situation which arose last season did seem unjust to
the New York club, I think the very fact that Boston had five games on
its home grounds, and the Giants but three on their own diamond, was an
answer to those ill-advised skeptics who are always ready to raise the
cry of hippodroming.
"That same situation is not likely to again arise for a long time, and I
believe the rule as it stands is a guarantee to the public of the strict
honesty of the world's championship contests."
_The New York American._
* * * * *
"A change in the rules regarding world series games would he fairer to
the patrons of the sport. Here in Chicago this past fall two ties were
played and, as a result, there was considerable confusion over the
ticket arrangements. How much more is the case when two cities are
involved? A condition which allows five games to be played in one city
and only three in another is scarcely fair to the two teams. By making a
schedule calling for alternate games in each city, irrespective of ties,
everybody--fans and players--would get an even break."
_Base Ball Editor Chicago Evening Post._
* * * * *
"I think it might be fairer to both world's series contenders to play a
regular schedule, regardless of the fact that any tie games may arise in
the series. Under the old system of playing the tie off in the city
where the tie game is played, it brings about a great deal of confusion.
Many fans make arrangements to see a game on a certain day and are
greatly disappointed when the game is played in a different city. Of
course, the old rule of playing the play-off game on the same grounds as
the tie game, is fair to both contesting clubs, as it is merely a matter
of chance where a tie game is played."
FRED. G. LIEB,
_New York Press._
* * * * *
"The rules regarding the manner of scheduling games for the world's
series should not be changed. There are times when they apparently work
a hardship to one team or the followers of one club, but, after all,
they help to throw the necessary safeguards around the contests. As for
the argument for not playing off a tie game on the same grounds, thus
disarranging the dates and inconveniencing the fans, patrons of the
world's series games are accustomed to this, since bad weather
frequently cuts into the event and causes postponements.
"In a way it does not appear fair that one club should have the
privilege of playing five games at home to three games at home for its
opponents. The rule of playing off a tie game on the same grounds is a
fixture in Base Ball. As to the other game, this was a question of the
luck of the toss of the coin.
"The fans have to trust to luck as to the number of games they will see
in a world's series, this depending upon the number of games played and
possibly upon the toss for a seventh battle. In 1905 the fans of
Philadelphia saw only two games in a world's series with New York. In
1910 only two games were played here in the series with Chicago.
"Any time a club has three games on its own grounds in a series where
four victories decide the issue either it or its followers have not much
chance to raise an objection."
WILLIAM G. WEART,
_The Evening Telegraph._
* * * * *
"It was, of course, to the disadvantage of the Giants to be obliged to
play five of the eight games in the post-season series last fall on the
grounds of their opponents, but this came as a result of one tie game on
the Boston grounds and being outlucked on the toss to determine where
the deciding game should be played. This tie game unquestionably caused
much inconvenience to patrons because of the change in the schedule made
necessary because of it.
"It is not clear to me, however, just now these things can be remedied
without disturbing the balance of an even break for both teams more
violently than was the case last fall.
"I do not believe there will be another series just like the one of
1912, and so, in my opinion, an immediate change in the conditions
governing these series would not be advisable. It is not clear to me
just what changes could be made. One club or the other is bound to have
the advantage of an extra game on its own grounds, providing seven games
are necessary. The championship in nine out of ten contests will be
decided in seven games or less.
"Then, as to having the games played according to an arbitrarily fixed
schedule, so as not to inconvenience patrons--that would be out of the
question, being open to the objection that it would then be possible to
have every game that figures in the result of the series played on the
home grounds of one of the contestants. For instance, tie games or
unfavorable weather which would prevent a game being played in one city,
would throw all the games to the other city where there might be no tie
games nor unfavorable weather. That would mean four straight, if it so
happened that the home team won the games, and the loser would never
have gotten action on its own grounds. That would be considerably worse
than five to three.
"So it looks to me as if the patrons would have to take their chances in
the future as they have in the past."
JAMES C. O'LEABT,
* * * * *
"It seems to me that it would be better to alternate (in case of a tie),
as a team able to tie its opponent on a hostile field would be entitled
to consideration for this performance. I am very certain, however, that
the players of both clubs in the recent world's series were satisfied
with an arrangement which minimized the amount of traveling they were
called upon to do.
"Persons who had seen a five-inning tie game terminated by rain would
hardly be satisfied. It seems to me that the rule as to alternating ball
parks should be applied strictly, but only in case the tie game involved
went nine innings or more."
_Sports Editor Boston Journal._
* * * * *
"To me the feasible thing to do appears to be to insert a clause in
stipulations covering all short series of a special character, such as
intercity, inter-league and world's series, making it compulsory for the
teams to alternate between the cities or grounds of the competing
PURVES T. KNOX,
_New York Evening Telegram._
* * * * *
"Why wouldn't it be a good scheme to toss up for the deciding game only
in cases where an equal number of games had been played in each city,
and, in cases where one city had seen more games than the other, to play
the deciding game in the city which had seen the fewer games?
"I do not believe it advisable to change the commission's rule regarding
postponed games. The rule now provides that, in case of a postponement,
the clubs shall remain in the city in which the game was scheduled until
it is possible to play. If this rule were changed and there happened to
be a week of bad weather, as in 1911, the teams and many fans might be
forced to travel back and forth from one town to another for a week
without participating in or seeing a single game; and it might happen
some time that the jump would be between St. Louis and Boston."
R. W. LARDNER,
* * * * *
"A change in the rule governing the playing-off of tie games in the
world's series should be made. The teams ought to appear in each city on
the dates named in the schedule drawn up before the series starts,
unless the weather interferes."
WILLIAM H. WRIGHT,
_New York Tribune._
* * * * *
"Drawn games are as unavoidable as rainy days in world's series, but not
as frequent. They operate the same in their effect on the contest for
the world's pennant and in causing confusion among the patrons by
disarranging the schedule. It would be manifestly unjust if, after a
rain postponement, the competing teams did not remain and play the game
off before playing elsewhere. That might result in playing all of the
games in one city. Since drawn games are treated like postponed games in
the regular season, and are of infrequent occurrence in world's series,
any other arrangement than the present does not seem advisable. The
patrons, who should be considered always, would be among the first to
object if each team did not have an equal show to win. In the last
series only four games that counted were played in Boston and three in
New York and if New York had won the toss for the deciding game the
situation would have been reversed. It would be manifestly fairer to
play the seventh game if necessary in some neutral city."
L. E. SANBORN,
NEW FACES IN THE OLD LEAGUE
BY JOHN B. FOSTER.
Not for some time has there been such a turning over of the leaves of
history in the National League as during 1912-13, and because of this
there are many new faces peering out of the album. There have also been
changes in the minor circuits and one prominent change in the American
The death of John T. Brush removed from Base Ball a dean of the National
League. Wise in the lore of the game, a man more of the future than of
the present, as he always foresaw that which some of his contemporaries
were less alert in perceiving, it meant no easy task to be his
Prior to the death of Mr. Brush there was a great deal of curious and
some idle speculation as to his ultimate successor in case of decease,
or, in the event of his retirement because of bodily weariness. One or
two went so far as to say that upon his death Andrew Freedman would
return to prominence in Base Ball, because he was the real owner of the
New York club. Once and for all the writer would like to put the
personal stamp of absolute denial on the repeated statements made by
certain individuals in New York and Chicago that Andrew Freedman
retained the control of the New York club after John T. Brush was
reported to have purchased it.
Mr. Freedman retained nothing of the kind. Not that Mr. Brush objected
to him as a partner, but when Mr. Brush purchased the stock he purchased
the control outright, although he did request Mr. Freedman to hold a few
shares and not give up his personal interest in Base Ball, for Mr.
Freedman had a great liking for the game in spite of his stormy career.
The assertions that Mr. Freedman was the real owner and Mr. Brush the
nominal owner were made with malicious intent, of which the writer has
proof, and through a desire, if possible, to combat the popularity and
the success of the Giants.
This digression has been made to call attention to the fact that while
rumor was plentiful as to the future control of the Giants Mr. Brush was
carefully "grooming" a young man--his son-in-law, Mr. H. Hempstead--to
take his place.
To a few it was known that Mr. Hempstead was acquiring such experience
and information as would be necessary to assume the control of an
undertaking which has grown so big as the organization of the Giants in
New York. The business details of the club have quadrupled and the cares
and anxieties of the man at the head have increased in proportion.
The Giants, as successful as they have been under the control of John T.
Brush and John J. McGraw, the men who have been the executive heads in
both the business and the playing departments of the game, are as
susceptible to reverses as if they were the lowliest club in the
organization. It is only by constant and severe application that the
club's affairs may be kept at the best pitch.
Mr. Hempstead brings to Base Ball the advantage of youth, a keen
business sagacity developed beyond his years, coolness, a disposition
that is sunny and not easily ruffled, and a reputation for unvarying
fairness and the highest type of business and sport ideals. Quite a list
of qualities, but they are there.
If characteristics of that description fail to maintain the high
standard of the New York club, then it will be due to the fact that our
standards of business deportment have turned topsy-turvy.
William H. Locke is the new president and part owner of the Philadelphia
club. He and Mr. Hempstead are the "junior" presidents of the league.
There is no necessity for the Editor of the GUIDE to enter into any long
and fulsome praise as to William H. Locke.
His career speaks for itself and he speaks for himself. A young man of
the finest attributes, he has brought nothing to the mill of Base Ball
to grind except that which was the finest and the cleanest grain.
The writer has known Mr. Locke almost, it seems, from boyhood and
esteems him for his worth, not only as one who has administered the
affairs of Base Ball with skill and intelligence, but as one who wrote
of Base Ball with understanding and excellent taste, for it must not be
forgotten that Mr. Locke is a newspaper graduate into the ranks of the
great sport the affairs of which fill a little corner of the hearts of
so many of America's citizens.
Perhaps no young man ever left a newspaper office to become a Base Ball
president with more good wishes behind him than William H. Locke. He
served his apprenticeship as secretary of the Pittsburgh club and he
served it well. He is a high class, delightful young man, every inch of
him, and Philadelphia will soon become as proud of him as Pittsburgh is
Still another newspaper writer has been claimed from the desk by the
National League. He is Herman Nickerson, formerly sporting editor of the
Boston Journal, who is now the secretary of the Boston National League
"Nick" is known from one end of the National League circuit to the other
as one of the most solid and substantial of the writing force, and also
as one of the most demure and modest. In addition to his great fund of
information on Base Ball topics he is an author, and "The Sword of
Bussy," a book which was published during the winter, is even more
clever than some of the author's best Base Ball yarns, and that is
saying a great deal in behalf of a man wedded to Base Ball.
Another change in the National League was the selection of Frank M.
Stevens of New York, as one of the Board of Directors of the New York
National League club.
This brings into Base Ball one of New York's cleverest and brightest
young business men, one who is forging so rapidly to the front in
business circles in the big metropolis that many an older head goes to
him for advice. Mr. Stevens knows a lot about Base Ball, which is of
even greater importance in the game, and is not afraid to swing any
venture that will put with fairness a championship team into the big
city. He is a son of Harry M. Stevens, whom everybody knows, rich and
In the American League the death of Mr. Thomas D. Noyes, president of
the Washington club, a young man who left behind naught but friends,
left a vacancy in the organization which was filled by the selection of
Mr. Benjamin S. Minor.
The new president of the club has had practical experience in Base Ball
and perhaps plenty of it, as almost everybody has had in Washington, but
he is a wideawake, progressive and ambitious man, who is of just the
type to keep Base Ball going, now that it has struck its gait in the
national capital, and the future of the sport looks all the brighter for
his connection with it.
The umpires are always with us, and the umpire problem has been a
vexation of Base Ball since the beginning of Base Ball time, yet neither
the umpires, the public, the club owners nor the league officials need
be discouraged, for it was fully proved in 1912 that umpiring, as a fine
art, has advanced a step nearer perfection. We may well doubt that
perfection in its every quality shall ever be achieved, but we may all
feel sanguine that it is possible to realize better results.
It is true that some men make better umpires than others, exactly as
some men make better ball players than others, but it is also true that
if the men who find it the hardest task to become the most expert
umpires would be given a little more encouragement they might be a
little more successful.
To the staff of umpires of the National League and the American League
it is but fair to render a compliment for their work of last season.
Some of them made mistakes but the general average of work on the part
of the judges of play was excellent.
There was less tendency on the part of the umpires to render their
decisions without being in a position to follow the play correctly. They
were occasionally willing to concede that they might have been wrong
when an analysis of the play was brought to their attention and they
were firm in asserting discipline without becoming overheated on their
To the mind of the Editor of the GUIDE, in the general light of
observation, the most serious blunders committed by the umpires in 1912
were in making decisions before the play took place. This did happen and
more than once. To illustrate, by an example, the Editor of the GUIDE
had exhibited to him some photographs taken during 1912 in which a
player had been "waved out" before he actually had arrived at the base.
Granting the desire of the umpires to be alert and ready to render
decisions promptly, it is equally apparent that giving decisions in
advance of the completion of plays is likely to imbue the spectators
with an idea that the umpire is either partisan or incompetent.
Young umpires, in their haste to "make good" in the major leagues, are
apt to overdo rather than fail to be on time.
While it is not a pleasant subject to discuss, it is a fact that some
umpires had been accustomed to use the very language to players on the
field that they were presumed in their official capacity as umpires to
correct. The writer knows of instances where this took place.
It has ever been the policy of the GUIDE to stand for clean and high
class Base Ball. Twenty per cent. more women attend ball games now than
did ten years ago. Eighty per cent. more women spectators are likely to
attend five years from now. To encourage their attendance every effort
should be made to eliminate all disgraceful conversation on the field.
Wherever it may be ascertained that an umpire has used profane or vulgar
language on the field the editor of the GUIDE believes that he should be
fined and punished as sternly as an offending player.
It is contended that the position of the umpire has been rendered more
arduous by reason of the world's series. The argument is advanced that
the players are more intractable, by reason of their eagerness to play
in the post-season games. That argument would be stronger were it not
for the fact that some of the worst disturbances emanate from the
players of the clubs that have no chance to play in the world's series.
As a general rule two good reasons may be advanced for disputes on the
part of players.
First: Desire to "cover up" the player's own blunder.
Second: General "cussedness."
There are players who make honest objection on the excitement of the
moment from sheer desire to win, but their lapses from Base Ball
etiquette are so few and far between that their transgressions usually
may be forgiven with some grace.
The Editor of the GUIDE would offer one suggestion to league presidents
and umpires; it is this: whenever two possible plays occur in
conjunction, instruct the chief umpire always to turn to the spectators
and inform them which player is out.
For instance, if a player is at bat and another on the bases and two are
out and an attempt is made to steal second, as the chief umpire calls
the batter out on strikes the public should be clearly informed that the
batter is out. If the play looks close at second base the crowd
frequently believes the runner has been called out and resents it
accordingly. In line with the same play, when the runner is called out
and the fourth ball at the same time is called on the batter, the chief
umpire should turn to the spectators and to the press box and make it
clearly understood that the batter has been given a base on balls. It
saves a great deal of annoyance and fault finding.
By the way, although it has been said elsewhere, the Editor of the GUIDE
would beg the indulgence of repetition by stating that the work of the
umpires during the world's series of 1912 was one of the finest
exhibitions of its kind ever seen on a ball field, and somehow it seemed
as if the players, would they but deport themselves during all series as
they did during the world's series might find that there are more good
umpires in the world after all than bad ones.
BASE BALL WRITERS OF THE SOUTH
While the Base Ball writers of the cities which comprise the Southern
Association have no organized membership similar to the Base Ball
Writers' Association of the major leagues and the organizations which
are best known as the class AA leagues, they are a clever, hard-working
group of young men, who have labored in season and out of season, not
only to build up Base Ball but to build it up on the right lines.
Experience of more than a quarter of a century has most abundantly
proved that the standard of Base Ball has steadily been elevated. It
needs no compilation of fact nor any dogmatic assertion on the part of
the Editor of the GUIDE to attest that fact. It is a present condition
which speaks for itself. The general tone of the players is far higher
than it was and there has come into evidence a marked improvement in the
spirit of the men who own Base Ball clubs. In the earlier history of the
sport there was a tendency to win by any means that did not actually
cross the line of dishonesty. Later there came a season when the
commercial end of the game tended to encroach upon the limits of the
pastime. This has been repressed in the last two seasons and to-day the
morale of Base Ball is of a higher type than it ever has been in the
history of the pastime.
It is a high class sport in the main, managed by high class, men for
high class purposes.
Going through the early stages of building up a successful league,
which, by the way, is the severest of all tasks, and even now at
intervals confronted with changes in the league circuit, the Southern
writers have steadily been sowing the seeds of high class Base Ball and
they have seen results prior to this date, for Base Ball has become
popular and has been handsomely and loyally supported in sections in
which fifteen years ago it would have been considered impossible to
achieve such results.
It is true that business reverses and adverse conditions have had at
times their effect upon Base Ball in the South and possibly may produce
similar results again, but the admirable offset to this fact is that
none of these conditions at any time has daunted the spirit and the
resolution of the young men who have zealously been preaching the cause
of clean and healthy Base Ball.
Very likely to their zeal, their courage, their tact and their ability
it is possible to ascribe the increase in good ball players which is
making itself manifest in the South. More high class and attractive
athletes are coming from the Southern states in these days than ever was
the case before. Base Ball is very glad to have them. When a
representative major league team is made up of players who represent
every section in the Union, engaged for their skill, it seems as if Base
Ball has become nearer an ideal and a national pastime than ever before
in the history of the sport.
To the Southern writers the members of the Base Ball Writers Association
and those of the organizations patterned on like lines send greeting.
BASE BALL WORTH WHILE?
One of the foremost divines in the East who has a deep concern in Base
Ball and Base Ball players is Rev. Dr. Reisner, pastor of the Grace
Methodist Episcopal Church, of New York City. Throughout the season he
attends the games and is greatly interested in the work of the players.
He knows Base Ball well, and in addition to that he knows the
environment of Base Ball players and their character and endeavor as
well as any person in the United States.
It is Dr. Reisner's custom each year to preach a sermon to the Base Ball
players and their friends in his church in New York, and the building
always is filled to listen to his discourse. In view of the interest
which he takes in the national game and because of his excellent
knowledge as to the general details of the sport, the Editor of the
GUIDE asked him to say a few words to the ball players of the United
States through the medium of this publication, and he has graciously
consented to do so in the following pithy and straightforward talks:
BY THE REV. CHRISTIAN F. REISNER, NEW YORK.
The Bible is the Spalding book of rules for the game of life. James B.
Sullivan, beloved by all athletes, gave me these rules for athletes:
"Don't drink, use tobacco or dissipate. Go to bed early and eat
wholesome food!" The boozer gets out of the game as certainly as the
I have interviewed scores of the most noted players. Every one had a
religious training. Many are church members. All avoid old-time
drinking, as our fathers did smallpox.
Mathewson belongs to the high type now being generally duplicated. He is
a modern masculine Christian. Base Ball demands brains as well as brawn.
Minds muddled by licentiousness and liquor are too "leady" for leaders.
Hotheadedness topples capable players.
I am proud to style scores of Base Ball players, I know, as gentlemen.
They are optimists. Defect is unrecognized. Team work makes them
brotherly. Bickerings break a Baseballist. Every member of the team
gives himself wholly to the game. Jeers are as harmless as cheers.
Every minute he does his best. He sleeps only at night. To do these
things the player must follow Bible rules. If he keeps it up life's
success is certain. Governor Tener and Senator Gorman proved it. No
wonder "Billy" Sunday wrote me "I would not take a million dollars for
my experience on the ball field."
It taught him how to knock the Devil out of the box.
Base Ball is invaluable to America. It thrills and so rests tired
nerves. It brings the "shut-in" man into God's healing out-o'-doors.
While yelling he swallows great draughts of lung-expanding, purifying
air and forgets the fear of "taking cold."
He is pulled out of self-centeredness, while shouting for another. He
stands crowd jostling good-naturedly or gets his cussedness squeezed
out. He chums up with any one with easy comments and so gets out of his
shell and melts again into a real human.
Base Ball absolutely pulls the brain away from business. It emphasizes
the value of decency and gives healthy and high toned recreation to
millions. If kept clean its good-doing cannot be measured. Nothing is
worth while that does not do that.
THE SPALDING BASE BALL HALL OF FAME
(From Spalding's Official Base Ball Record.)
New faces enter into the Spalding Base Ball "Hall of Fame" this year.
The object of this "Hall of Fame" is not necessarily to portray the very
top men of each department of the national game, for it frequently
happens in these days, when players take part in only a few innings now
and then, that they become entitled to mention in the records, although
they do not bear the real brunt of the work.
In the "Hall of Fame" will be found the men who might well be termed the
"regulars." Day in and day out they were on the diamond, or ready to
take their place on the diamond, if they were not injured.
First of all, Daubert has earned his place at first base for the season
of 1912. Threatening in other years to become one of the group of
leading players, he performed so well in the season past that there is
no doubt as to his right.
There is a new player at second base. The regularity with which Egan of
Cincinnati performed for the Reds earned him a place as the banner
At third base the honor goes to J.R. Lobert, the third baseman of the
Philadelphia club. In this particular instance Lobert was crowded, not
for efficiency, but in the number of games played by Byrne, third
baseman of Pittsburgh, and Herzog, third baseman of New York. In the
matter of chances undertaken on the field, Herzog surpassed both Lobert
and Byrne, but, in justice to Lobert, the honor seems to be fairly
deserved by him.
John H. Wagner, the brilliant veteran of the Pittsburgh club, fought his
way to the position of shortstop in 1912. His fielding was better than
that of his rivals and at times he played the position as only a man of
his sterling worth can play.
Owing to the fact that the able secretary of the National League, John
A. Heydler, has compiled two methods of comparing pitchers, the "Hall of
Fame" in the National League this year will include two faces. They are
those of Hendrix of the Pittsburgh club and Tesreau of the New York
club. The former won the greater percentage of games under the old rule
in vogue of allotting percentage upon victories. Tesreau, however, under
a new rule which classifies pitchers by earned runs, easily led the
league. The editor of the RECORD is very much inclined toward Mr.
Heydler's earned run record; in fact, has suggested a record based upon
the construction of making every pitcher responsible for runs and
computing his average upon the percentage of runs for which he is
responsible. That places Tesreau in the front row, with Mathewson
There are two catchers who run a close race for the "Hall of Fame" in
1912. They are Meyers of New York and Gibson of Pittsburgh. Meyers
caught by far the larger number of games, and, basing the work of
catcher upon the average chances per game, seems to lead his Pittsburgh
rival. Both men are sterling performers, and Meyers is an instance of
the greatest improvement on the part of a catcher of any member of the
For the position of leading outfielder, all things considered, Carey of
Pittsburgh is selected for the "Hall of Fame." Not only did he play in
the greatest number of games of any outfielder, but his general work in
the outfield was sensational.
For the position of leading batsman the "Hall of Fame" honors Zimmerman,
the powerful batter of the Chicago club. His work with the bat in 1912
approached in many ways that of the high class and powerful batters of
old. He batted steadily, with the exception of one very slight slump,
and his work as batter undoubtedly was of tremendous assistance to
Chicago. Zimmerman did not shine alone as the best batter, as he was
also the leading maker of home runs and the best two-base hitter of the
season. That gives him a triple honor.
The best three-base hitter of the league was the quiet Wilson of
Pittsburgh. Though not so high in rank as a batsman as some of his
contemporaries, there was none in the organization who could equal his
ability to get to third base on long hits.
Bescher, as in 1911, earned in 1912 the position of leading base runner
in the National League. He stole more bases than any other player of the
league, and was also the best run getter--that is to say, scored more
runs than any other player.
First of all comes Gandil for first base. His greater number of games
played and his steady work at first almost all of the season, as he did
not join the Washingtons at the beginning of the season, places him in
the "Hall of Fame" at first base.
Rath is a newcomer to the Chicago club, but by all around good work he
earned the place at second base. Not so heavy a batter as some of his
rivals, he covered a great amount of ground for the Chicagos and
steadied the infield throughout the year.
For the position of shortstop, McBride of Washington is the logical
selection. Day in and day out he was one of the most reliable shortstops
in the American League.
At third base John Turner of the Cleveland club retains the honor which
he earned for himself in 1911, and he is one of the few players who is a
member of the "Hall of Fame" two years in succession.
In the outfield, for all around work, the place of honor goes to Amos
Strunk, the young player of the Philadelphia club. He was in center
field and in left field, and he was a busy young man for most of the
Pitching at a standard higher than the American League had seen for
years, Wood of Boston is given the "Hall of Fame" honor as pitcher. His
average of winning games was very high, and he was compelled to fight
hard for many of his victories.
The man who caught him seems entitled to be considered the leading
catcher. He is Cady of Boston, although for hard work Carrigan, also of
Boston, gives him a close race.
Once more Cobb is the leading batsman of the American League. There was
none to dispute his right to the title. He was also leading batsman in
1911 and is another American League player who holds a position in the
"Hall" two years in succession.
The leading home run batter of the American League was Baker of
Philadelphia. He earned the same title in 1911. It is a double "Hall of
Fame" distinction for him.
Jackson of Cleveland enters the "Hall of Fame" by being the leading
batter for three-base hits.
Speaker of Boston becomes a member of the high honor group by being the
leading batter of two-base hits.
Lewis of Boston is the leading batter of sacrifice hits.
Collins of Philadelphia was the best run getter.
Last, but by no means least, of all, Milan, the clever outfielder of
Washington, is the best base stealer of the year, and better than all
the rest, earns his distinction in joining the "Hall of Fame" by
establishing a new record of stolen bases.
JOHN TOMLINSON BRUSH
BY JOHN B. FOSTER.
John Tomlinson Brush was born in Clintonville, N.Y., on June 15, 1845.
He died November 26, 1912, near St. Charles, Mo., on his way to
California from New York, for his health. Left an orphan at the age of
four years, he went to live at the home of his grandfather, in
Hopkinton, where he remained until he was seventeen years old. At this
age he left school and went to Boston, where he obtained a position in a
clothing establishment, a business with which he was identified up to
his death. He worked as a clerk in several cities in the East, and
finally went to Indianapolis in 1875 to open a clothing store. The store
still occupies the same building, and Mr. Brush continued at the head of
the business until his death. It was in the early '80s that he first
became interested in Base Ball in Indianapolis, and he made himself both
wealthy and famous as a promoter.
In 1863 Mr. Brush enlisted in the First New York Artillery, and served
as a member of this body until it was discharged, at the close of the
civil war. He was a charter member of George H. Thomas Post, G.A.R.; a
thirty-third degree Scottish Rite Mason, and was also prominently
identified with several social and commercial organizations of
Indianapolis, notably the Columbia Club, Commercial Club, Board of