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Sons and Lovers by David Herbert Lawrence [D. H. Lawrence]

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yards the night had swallowed them. The children played on.

They were brought exceedingly close together owing to
their isolation. If a quarrel took place, the whole play was spoilt.
Arthur was very touchy, and Billy Pillins--really Philips--was worse.
Then Paul had to side with Arthur, and on Paul's side went Alice,
while Billy Pillins always had Emmie Limb and Eddie Dakin to back
him up. Then the six would fight, hate with a fury of hatred,
and flee home in terror. Paul never forgot, after one of these fierce
internecine fights, seeing a big red moon lift itself up, slowly,
between the waste road over the hilltop, steadily, like a great bird.
And he thought of the Bible, that the moon should be turned to blood.
And the next day he made haste to be friends with Billy Pillins.
And then the wild, intense games went on again under the lamp-post,
surrounded by so much darkness. Mrs. Morel, going into her parlour,
would hear the children singing away:

"My shoes are made of Spanish leather,
My socks are made of silk;
I wear a ring on every finger,
I wash myself in milk."

They sounded so perfectly absorbed in the game as their voices came
out of the night, that they had the feel of wild creatures singing.
It stirred the mother; and she understood when they came in at eight
o'clock, ruddy, with brilliant eyes, and quick, passionate speech.

They all loved the Scargill Street house for its openness,
for the great scallop of the world it had in view. On summer evenings
the women would stand against the field fence, gossiping, facing
the west, watching the sunsets flare quickly out, till the Derbyshire
hills ridged across the crimson far away, like the black crest
of a newt.

In this summer season the pits never turned full time,
particularly the soft coal. Mrs. Dakin, who lived next door
to Mrs. Morel, going to the field fence to shake her hearthrug,
would spy men coming slowly up the hill. She saw at once they
were colliers. Then she waited, a tall, thin, shrew-faced woman,
standing on the hill brow, almost like a menace to the poor colliers
who were toiling up. It was only eleven o'clock. From the far-off
wooded hills the haze that hangs like fine black crape at the back
of a summer morning had not yet dissipated. The first man came
to the stile. "Chock-chock!" went the gate under his thrust.

"What, han' yer knocked off?" cried Mrs. Dakin.

"We han, missis."

"It's a pity as they letn yer goo," she said sarcastically.

"It is that," replied the man.

"Nay, you know you're flig to come up again," she said.

And the man went on. Mrs. Dakin, going up her yard,
spied Mrs. Morel taking the ashes to the ash-pit.

"I reckon Minton's knocked off, missis," she cried.

"Isn't it sickenin!" exclaimed Mrs. Morel in wrath.

"Ha! But I'n just seed Jont Hutchby."

"They might as well have saved their shoe-leather,"
said Mrs. Morel. And both women went indoors disgusted.

The colliers, their faces scarcely blackened, were trooping
home again. Morel hated to go back. He loved the sunny morning.
But he had gone to pit to work, and to be sent home again spoilt
his temper.

"Good gracious, at this time!" exclaimed his wife, as he entered.

"Can I help it, woman?" he shouted.

"And I've not done half enough dinner."

"Then I'll eat my bit o' snap as I took with me,"
he bawled pathetically. He felt ignominious and sore.

And the children, coming home from school, would wonder to see
their father eating with his dinner the two thick slices of rather
dry and dirty bread-and-butter that had been to pit and back.

"What's my dad eating his snap for now?" asked Arthur.

"I should ha'e it holled at me if I didna," snorted Morel.

"What a story!" exclaimed his wife.

"An' is it goin' to be wasted?" said Morel. "I'm not such
a extravagant mortal as you lot, with your waste. If I drop
a bit of bread at pit, in all the dust an' dirt, I pick it up an'
eat it."

"The mice would eat it," said Paul. "It wouldn't be wasted."

"Good bread-an'-butter's not for mice, either," said Morel.
"Dirty or not dirty, I'd eat it rather than it should be wasted."

"You might leave it for the mice and pay for it out of your
next pint," said Mrs. Morel.

"Oh, might I?" he exclaimed.

They were very poor that autumn. William had just gone away
to London, and his mother missed his money. He sent ten shillings once
or twice, but he had many things to pay for at first. His letters
came regularly once a week. He wrote a good deal to his mother,
telling her all his life, how he made friends, and was exchanging
lessons with a Frenchman, how he enjoyed London. His mother felt
again he was remaining to her just as when he was at home. She wrote
to him every week her direct, rather witty letters. All day long,
as she cleaned the house, she thought of him. He was in London:
he would do well. Almost, he was like her knight who wore HER
favour in the battle.

He was coming at Christmas for five days. There had never
been such preparations. Paul and Arthur scoured the land
for holly and evergreens. Annie made the pretty paper hoops
in the old-fashioned way. And there was unheard-of extravagance
in the larder. Mrs. Morel made a big and magnificent cake.
Then, feeling queenly, she showed Paul how to blanch almonds.
He skinned the long nuts reverently, counting them all, to see not
one was lost. It was said that eggs whisked better in a cold place.
So the boy stood in the scullery, where the temperature was nearly
at freezing-point, and whisked and whisked, and flew in excitement
to his mother as the white of egg grew stiffer and more snowy.

"Just look, mother! Isn't it lovely?"

And he balanced a bit on his nose, then blew it in the air.

"Now, don't waste it," said the mother.

Everybody was mad with excitement. William was coming on
Christmas Eve. Mrs. Morel surveyed her pantry. There was a big
plum cake, and a rice cake, jam tarts, lemon tarts, and mince-pies--
two enormous dishes. She was finishing cooking--Spanish tarts
and cheese-cakes. Everywhere was decorated. The kissing bunch
of berried holly hung with bright and glittering things, spun slowly
over Mrs. Morel's head as she trimmed her little tarts in the kitchen.
A great fire roared. There was a scent of cooked pastry. He was due
at seven o'clock, but he would be late. The three children had gone
to meet him. She was alone. But at a quarter to seven Morel came
in again. Neither wife nor husband spoke. He sat in his armchair,
quite awkward with excitement, and she quietly went on with her baking.
Only by the careful way in which she did things could it be told
how much moved she was. The clock ticked on.

"What time dost say he's coming?" Morel asked for the fifth time.

"The train gets in at half-past six," she replied emphatically.

"Then he'll be here at ten past seven."

"Eh, bless you, it'll be hours late on the Midland,"
she said indifferently. But she hoped, by expecting him late,
to bring him early. Morel went down the entry to look for him.
Then he came back.

"Goodness, man!" she said. "You're like an ill-sitting hen."

"Hadna you better be gettin' him summat t' eat ready?"
asked the father.

"There's plenty of time," she answered.

"There's not so much as I can see on," he answered,
turning crossly in his chair. She began to clear her table.
The kettle was singing. They waited and waited.

Meantime the three children were on the platform at Sethley Bridge,
on the Midland main line, two miles from home. They waited one hour.
A train came--he was not there. Down the line the red and green
lights shone. It was very dark and very cold.

"Ask him if the London train's come," said Paul to Annie,
when they saw a man in a tip cap.

"I'm not," said Annie. "You be quiet--he might send us off."

But Paul was dying for the man to know they were expecting
someone by the London train: it sounded so grand. Yet he was much
too much scared of broaching any man, let alone one in a peaked cap,
to dare to ask. The three children could scarcely go into the
waiting-room for fear of being sent away, and for fear
something should happen whilst they were off the platform.
Still they waited in the dark and cold.

"It's an hour an' a half late," said Arthur pathetically.

"Well," said Annie, "it's Christmas Eve."

They all grew silent. He wasn't coming. They looked
down the darkness of the railway. There was London! It seemed
the utter-most of distance. They thought anything might happen
if one came from London. They were all too troubled to talk.
Cold, and unhappy, and silent, they huddled together on the platform.

At last, after more than two hours, they saw the lights of an
engine peering round, away down the darkness. A porter ran out.
The children drew back with beating hearts. A great train,
bound for Manchester, drew up. Two doors opened, and from one
of them, William. They flew to him. He handed parcels to them
cheerily, and immediately began to explain that this great train had
stopped for HIS sake at such a small station as Sethley Bridge:
it was not booked to stop.

Meanwhile the parents were getting anxious. The table was set,
the chop was cooked, everything was ready. Mrs. Morel put on
her black apron. She was wearing her best dress. Then she sat,
pretending to read. The minutes were a torture to her.

"H'm!" said Morel. "It's an hour an' a ha'ef."

"And those children waiting!" she said.

"Th' train canna ha' come in yet," he said.

"I tell you, on Christmas Eve they're HOURS wrong."

They were both a bit cross with each other, so gnawed
with anxiety. The ash tree moaned outside in a cold, raw wind.
And all that space of night from London home! Mrs. Morel suffered.
The slight click of the works inside the clock irritated her.
It was getting so late; it was getting unbearable.

At last there was a sound of voices, and a footstep in the entry.

"Ha's here!" cried Morel, jumping up.

Then he stood back. The mother ran a few steps towards
the door and waited. There was a rush and a patter of feet,
the door burst open. William was there. He dropped his Gladstone
bag and took his mother in his arms.

"Mater!" he said.

"My boy!" she cried.

And for two seconds, no longer, she clasped him and kissed him.
Then she withdrew and said, trying to be quite normal:

"But how late you are!"

"Aren't I!" he cried, turning to his father. "Well, dad!"

The two men shook hands.

"Well, my lad!"

Morel's eyes were wet.

"We thought tha'd niver be commin'," he said.

"Oh, I'd come!" exclaimed William.

Then the son turned round to his mother.

"But you look well," she said proudly, laughing.

"Well!" he exclaimed. "I should think so--coming home!"

He was a fine fellow, big, straight, and fearless-looking. He
looked round at the evergreens and the kissing bunch, and the little
tarts that lay in their tins on the hearth.

"By jove! mother, it's not different!" he said, as if in relief.

Everybody was still for a second. Then he suddenly sprang forward,
picked a tart from the hearth, and pushed it whole into his mouth.

"Well, did iver you see such a parish oven!" the father exclaimed.

He had brought them endless presents. Every penny he had he had
spent on them. There was a sense of luxury overflowing in the house.
For his mother there was an umbrella with gold on the pale handle.
She kept it to her dying day, and would have lost anything rather
than that. Everybody had something gorgeous, and besides, there were
pounds of unknown sweets: Turkish delight, crystallised pineapple,
and such-like things which, the children thought, only the splendour
of London could provide. And Paul boasted of these sweets among
his friends.

"Real pineapple, cut off in slices, and then turned into
crystal--fair grand!"

Everybody was mad with happiness in the family. Home was home,
and they loved it with a passion of love, whatever the suffering
had been. There were parties, there were rejoicings. People came
in to see William, to see what difference London had made to him.
And they all found him "such a gentleman, and SUCH a fine fellow,
my word"!

When he went away again the children retired to various places
to weep alone. Morel went to bed in misery, and Mrs. Morel felt as
if she were numbed by some drug, as if her feelings were paralysed.
She loved him passionately.

He was in the office of a lawyer connected with a large
shipping firm, and at the midsummer his chief offered him a trip
in the Mediterranean on one of the boats, for quite a small cost.
Mrs. Morel wrote: "Go, go, my boy. You may never have a chance again,
and I should love to think of you cruising there in the Mediterranean
almost better than to have you at home." But William came home for
his fortnight's holiday. Not even the Mediterranean, which pulled
at all his young man's desire to travel, and at his poor man's wonder
at the glamorous south, could take him away when he might come home.
That compensated his mother for much.



MOREL was rather a heedless man, careless of danger. So he had
endless accidents. Now, when Mrs. Morel heard the rattle of an empty
coal-cart cease at her entry-end, she ran into the parlour to look,
expecting almost to see her husband seated in the waggon, his face
grey under his dirt, his body limp and sick with some hurt or other.
If it were he, she would run out to help.

About a year after William went to London, and just after Paul
had left school, before he got work, Mrs. Morel was upstairs and her
son was painting in the kitchen--he was very clever with his brush--when
there came a knock at the door. Crossly he put down his brush to go.
At the same moment his mother opened a window upstairs and looked down.

A pit-lad in his dirt stood on the threshold.

"Is this Walter Morel's?" he asked.

"Yes," said Mrs. Morel. "What is it?"

But she had guessed already.

"Your mester's got hurt," he said.

"Eh, dear me!" she exclaimed. "It's a wonder if he hadn't, lad.
And what's he done this time?"

"I don't know for sure, but it's 'is leg somewhere. They ta'ein'
'im ter th' 'ospital."

"Good gracious me!" she exclaimed. "Eh, dear, what a one he is!
There's not five minutes of peace, I'll be hanged if there is!
His thumb's nearly better, and now--- Did you see him?"

"I seed him at th' bottom. An' I seed 'em bring 'im up in
a tub, an' 'e wor in a dead faint. But he shouted like anythink
when Doctor Fraser examined him i' th' lamp cabin--an' cossed an'
swore, an' said as 'e wor goin' to be ta'en whoam--'e worn't goin'
ter th' 'ospital."

The boy faltered to an end.

"He WOULD want to come home, so that I can have all the bother.
Thank you, my lad. Eh, dear, if I'm not sick--sick and surfeited,
I am!"

She came downstairs. Paul had mechanically resumed his painting.

"And it must be pretty bad if they've taken him to the hospital,"
she went on. "But what a CARELESS creature he is! OTHER men don't
have all these accidents. Yes, he WOULD want to put all the burden
on me. Eh, dear, just as we WERE getting easy a bit at last.
Put those things away, there's no time to be painting now. What time
is there a train? I know I s'll have to go trailing to Keston.
I s'll have to leave that bedroom."

"I can finish it," said Paul.

"You needn't. I shall catch the seven o'clock back,
I should think. Oh, my blessed heart, the fuss and commotion
he'll make! And those granite setts at Tinder Hill--he might
well call them kidney pebbles--they'll jolt him almost to bits.
I wonder why they can't mend them, the state they're in, an'
all the men as go across in that ambulance. You'd think they'd
have a hospital here. The men bought the ground, and, my sirs,
there'd be accidents enough to keep it going. But no, they must
trail them ten miles in a slow ambulance to Nottingham. It's a
crying shame! Oh, and the fuss he'll make! I know he will!
I wonder who's with him. Barker, I s'd think. Poor beggar,
he'll wish himself anywhere rather. But he'll look after him, I know.
Now there's no telling how long he'll be stuck in that hospital--and
WON'T he hate it! But if it's only his leg it's not so bad."

All the time she was getting ready. Hurriedly taking off her
bodice, she crouched at the boiler
while the water ran slowly into her lading-can.

"I wish this boiler was at the bottom of the sea!" she exclaimed,
wriggling the handle impatiently. She had very handsome, strong arms,
rather surprising on a smallish woman.

Paul cleared away, put on the kettle, and set the table.

"There isn't a train till four-twenty," he said.
"You've time enough."

"Oh no, I haven't!" she cried, blinking at him over the towel
as she wiped her face.

"Yes, you have. You must drink a cup of tea at any rate.
Should I come with you to Keston?"

"Come with me? What for, I should like to know? Now, what have
I to take him? Eh, dear! His clean shirt--and it's a blessing it
IS clean. But it had better be aired. And stockings--he won't want
them--and a towel, I suppose; and handkerchiefs. Now what else?"

"A comb, a knife and fork and spoon," said Paul. His father
had been in the hospital before.

"Goodness knows what sort of state his feet were in,"
continued Mrs. Morel, as she combed her long brown hair, that was
fine as silk, and was touched now with grey. "He's very particular
to wash himself to the waist, but below he thinks doesn't matter.
But there, I suppose they see plenty like it."

Paul had laid the table. He cut his mother one or two pieces
of very thin bread and butter.

"Here you are," he said, putting her cup of tea in her place.

"I can't be bothered!" she exclaimed crossly.

"Well, you've got to, so there, now it's put out ready,"
he insisted.

So she sat down and sipped her tea, and ate a little, in silence.
She was thinking.

In a few minutes she was gone, to walk the two and a half miles
to Keston Station. All the things she was taking him she had in her
bulging string bag. Paul watched her go up the road between the
hedges--a little, quick-stepping figure, and his heart ached for her,
that she was thrust forward again into pain and trouble. And she,
tripping so quickly in her anxiety, felt at the back of her her
son's heart waiting on her, felt him bearing what part of the burden
he could, even supporting her. And when she was at the hospital,
she thought: "It WILL upset that lad when I tell him how bad it is.
I'd better be careful." And when she was trudging home again,
she felt he was coming to share her burden.

"Is it bad?" asked Paul, as soon as she entered the house.

"It's bad enough," she replied.


She sighed and sat down, undoing her bonnet-strings. Her son
watched her face as it was lifted, and her small, work-hardened hands
fingering at the bow under her chin.

"Well," she answered, "it's not really dangerous, but the nurse
says it's a dreadful smash. You see, a great piece of rock fell
on his leg--here--and it's a compound fracture. There are pieces
of bone sticking through---"

"Ugh--how horrid!" exclaimed the children.

"And," she continued, "of course he says he's going to die--it
wouldn't be him if he didn't. 'I'm done for, my lass!' he said,
looking at me. 'Don't be so silly,' I said to him. 'You're not going
to die of a broken leg, however badly it's smashed.' 'I s'll niver
come out of 'ere but in a wooden box,' he groaned. 'Well,' I said,
'if you want them to carry you into the garden in a wooden box,
when you're better, I've no doubt they will.' 'If we think it's
good for him,' said the Sister. She's an awfully nice Sister,
but rather strict."

Mrs. Morel took off her bonnet. The children waited in silence.

"Of course, he IS bad," she continued, "and he will be.
It's a great shock, and he's lost a lot of blood; and, of course,
it IS a very dangerous smash. It's not at all sure that it will mend
so easily. And then there's the fever and the mortification--if it took
bad ways he'd quickly be gone. But there, he's a clean-blooded man,
with wonderful healing flesh, and so I see no reason why it SHOULD
take bad ways. Of course there's a wound---"

She was pale now with emotion and anxiety. The three children
realised that it was very bad for their father, and the house
was silent, anxious.

"But he always gets better," said Paul after a while.

"That's what I tell him," said the mother.

Everybody moved about in silence.

"And he really looked nearly done for," she said. "But the
Sister says that is the pain."

Annie took away her mother's coat and bonnet.

"And he looked at me when I came away! I said: 'I s'll
have to go now, Walter, because of the train--and the children.'
And he looked at me. It seems hard."

Paul took up his brush again and went on painting. Arthur went
outside for some coal. Annie sat looking dismal. And Mrs. Morel,
in her little rocking-chair that her husband had made for her
when the first baby was coming, remained motionless, brooding.
She was grieved, and bitterly sorry for the man who was hurt so much.
But still, in her heart of hearts, where the love should have burned,
there was a blank. Now, when all her woman's pity was roused to its
full extent, when she would have slaved herself to death to nurse
him and to save him, when she would have taken the pain herself,
if she could, somewhere far away inside her, she felt indifferent
to him and to his suffering. It hurt her most of all, this failure
to love him, even when he roused her strong emotions. She brooded
a while.

"And there," she said suddenly, "when I'd got halfway to Keston,
I found I'd come out in my working boots--and LOOK at them."
They were an old pair of Paul's, brown and rubbed through at
the toes. "I didn't know what to do with myself, for shame,"
she added.

In the morning, when Annie and Arthur were at school, Mrs. Morel
talked again to her son, who was helping her with her housework.

"I found Barker at the hospital. He did look bad,
poor little fellow! 'Well,' I said to him, 'what sort of a
journey did you have with him?' 'Dunna ax me, missis!' he said.
'Ay,' I said, 'I know what he'd be.' 'But it WOR bad for him,
Mrs. Morel, it WOR that!' he said. 'I know,' I said. 'At ivry jolt
I thought my 'eart would ha' flown clean out o' my mouth,' he said.
'An' the scream 'e gives sometimes! Missis, not for a fortune would
I go through wi' it again.' 'I can quite understand it,' I said.
'It's a nasty job, though,' he said, 'an' one as'll be a long
while afore it's right again.' 'I'm afraid it will,' I said.
I like Mr. Barker--I DO like him. There's something so manly
about him."

Paul resumed his task silently.

"And of course," Mrs. Morel continued, "for a man like your father,
the hospital IS hard. He CAN'T understand rules and regulations.
And he won't let anybody else touch him, not if he can help it.
When he smashed the muscles of his thigh, and it had to be dressed
four times a day, WOULD he let anybody but me or his mother do it?
He wouldn't. So, of course, he'll suffer in there with the nurses.
And I didn't like leaving him. I'm sure, when I kissed him an' came away,
it seemed a shame."

So she talked to her son, almost as if she were thinking
aloud to him, and he took it in as best he could, by sharing her
trouble to lighten it. And in the end she shared almost everything
with him without knowing.

Morel had a very bad time. For a week he was in a
critical condition. Then he began to mend. And then, knowing he
was going to get better, the whole family sighed with relief,
and proceeded to live happily.

They were not badly off whilst Morel was in the hospital.
There were fourteen shillings a week from the pit, ten shillings
from the sick club, and five shillings from the Disability Fund;
and then every week the butties had something for Mrs. Morel--five
or seven shillings--so that she was quite well to do. And whilst
Morel was progressing favourably in the hospital, the family was
extraordinarily happy and peaceful. On Saturdays and Wednesdays
Mrs. Morel went to Nottingham to see her husband. Then she always
brought back some little thing: a small tube of paints for Paul,
or some thick paper; a couple of postcards for Annie, that the whole
family rejoiced over for days before the girl was allowed to send
them away; or a fret-saw for Arthur, or a bit of pretty wood.
She described her adventures into the big shops with joy.
Soon the folk in the picture-shop knew her, and knew about Paul.
The girl in the book-shop took a keen interest in her. Mrs. Morel
was full of information when she got home from Nottingham. The three
sat round till bed-time, listening, putting in, arguing. Then Paul
often raked the fire.

"I'm the man in the house now," he used to say to his mother
with joy. They learned how perfectly peaceful the home could be.
And they almost regretted--though none of them would have owned to
such callousness--that their father was soon coming back.

Paul was now fourteen, and was looking for work. He was a
rather small and rather finely-made boy, with dark brown hair and
light blue eyes. His face had already lost its youthful chubbiness,
and was becoming somewhat like William's--rough-featured, almost
rugged--and it was extraordinarily mobile. Usually he looked
as if he saw things, was full of life, and warm; then his smile,
like his mother's, came suddenly and was very lovable; and then,
when there was any clog in his soul's quick running, his face went
stupid and ugly. He was the sort of boy that becomes a clown
and a lout as soon as he is not understood, or feels himself
held cheap; and, again, is adorable at the first touch of warmth.

He suffered very much from the first contact with anything.
When he was seven, the starting school had been a nightmare and a
torture to him. But afterwards he liked it. And now that he felt
he had to go out into life, he went through agonies of shrinking
self-consciousness. He was quite a clever painter for a boy of his years,
and he knew some French and German and mathematics that Mr. Heaton
had taught him. But nothing he had was of any commercial value.
He was not strong enough for heavy manual work, his mother said.
He did not care for making things with his hands, preferred racing about,
or making excursions into the country, or reading, or painting.

"What do you want to be?" his mother asked.


"That is no answer," said Mrs. Morel.

But it was quite truthfully the only answer he could give.
His ambition, as far as this world's gear went, was quietly to earn
his thirty or thirty-five shillings a week somewhere near home,
and then, when his father died, have a cottage with his mother,
paint and go out as he liked, and live happy ever after. That was his
programme as far as doing things went. But he was proud within himself,
measuring people against himself, and placing them, inexorably. And he
thought that PERHAPS he might also make a painter, the real thing.
But that he left alone.

"Then," said his mother, "you must look in the paper
for the advertisements."

He looked at her. It seemed to him a bitter humiliation
and an anguish to go through. But he said nothing. When he got up
in the morning, his whole being was knotted up over this one thought:

"I've got to go and look for advertisements for a job."

It stood in front of the morning, that thought, killing all
joy and even life, for him. His heart felt like a tight knot.

And then, at ten o'clock, he set off. He was supposed to be
a queer, quiet child. Going up the sunny street of the little town,
he felt as if all the folk he met said to themselves: "He's going
to the Co-op. reading-room to look in the papers for a place.
He can't get a job. I suppose he's living on his mother." Then he
crept up the stone stairs behind the drapery shop at the Co-op.,
and peeped in the reading-room. Usually one or two men were there,
either old, useless fellows, or colliers "on the club". So he entered,
full of shrinking and suffering when they looked up, seated himself at
the table, and pretended to scan the news. He knew they would think:
"What does a lad of thirteen want in a reading-room with a newspaper?"
and he suffered.

Then he looked wistfully out of the window. Already he was
a prisoner of industrialism. Large sunflowers stared over the
old red wall of the garden opposite, looking in their jolly way
down on the women who were hurrying with something for dinner.
The valley was full of corn, brightening in the sun. Two collieries,
among the fields, waved their small white plumes of steam. Far off
on the hills were the woods of Annesley, dark and fascinating.
Already his heart went down. He was being taken into bondage.
His freedom in the beloved home valley was going now.

The brewers' waggons came rolling up from Keston with enormous
barrels, four a side, like beans in a burst bean-pod. The waggoner,
throned aloft, rolling massively in his seat, was not so much
below Paul's eye. The man's hair, on his small, bullet head,
was bleached almost white by the sun, and on his thick red arms,
rocking idly on his sack apron, the white hairs glistened.
His red face shone and was almost asleep with sunshine. The horses,
handsome and brown, went on by themselves, looking by far the masters
of the show.

Paul wished he were stupid. "I wish," he thought to himself,
"I was fat like him, and like a dog in the sun. I wish I was a pig
and a brewer's waggoner."

Then, the room being at last empty, he would hastily copy
an advertisement on a scrap of paper, then another, and slip
out in immense relief. His mother would scan over his copies.

"Yes," she said, "you may try."

William had written out a letter of application, couched in
admirable business language, which Paul copied, with variations.
The boy's handwriting was execrable, so that William, who did all
things well, got into a fever of impatience.

The elder brother was becoming quite swanky. In London he found
that he could associate with men far above his Bestwood friends
in station. Some of the clerks in the office had studied for the law,
and were more or less going through a kind of apprenticeship.
William always made friends among men wherever he went, he was so jolly.
Therefore he was soon visiting and staying in houses of men who,
in Bestwood, would have looked down on the unapproachable bank manager,
and would merely have called indifferently on the Rector. So he began
to fancy himself as a great gun. He was, indeed, rather surprised
at the ease with which he became a gentleman.

His mother was glad, he seemed so pleased. And his lodging
in Walthamstow was so dreary. But now there seemed to come a kind
of fever into the young man's letters. He was unsettled by all
the change, he did not stand firm on his own feet, but seemed to spin
rather giddily on the quick current of the new life. His mother was
anxious for him. She could feel him losing himself. He had danced
and gone to the theatre, boated on the river, been out with friends;
and she knew he sat up afterwards in his cold bedroom grinding away
at Latin, because he intended to get on in his office, and in the
law as much as he could. He never sent his mother any money now.
It was all taken, the little he had, for his own life. And she
did not want any, except sometimes, when she was in a tight corner,
and when ten shillings would have saved her much worry. She still
dreamed of William, and of what he would do, with herself behind him.
Never for a minute would she admit to herself how heavy and anxious
her heart was because of him.

Also he talked a good deal now of a girl he had met at a dance,
a handsome brunette, quite young, and a lady, after whom the men
were running thick and fast.

"I wonder if you would run, my boy," his mother wrote
to him, "unless you saw all the other men chasing her too.
You feel safe enough and vain enough in a crowd. But take care,
and see how you feel when you find yourself alone, and in triumph."
William resented these things, and continued the chase. He had
taken the girl on the river. "If you saw her, mother, you would
know how I feel. Tall and elegant, with the clearest of clear,
transparent olive complexions, hair as black as jet, and such
grey eyes--bright, mocking, like lights on water at night.
It is all very well to be a bit satirical till you see her.
And she dresses as well as any woman in London. I tell you,
your son doesn't half put his head up when she goes walking down
Piccadilly with him."

Mrs. Morel wondered, in her heart, if her son did not go
walking down Piccadilly with an elegant figure and fine clothes,
rather than with a woman who was near to him. But she congratulated
him in her doubtful fashion. And, as she stood over the washing-tub,
the mother brooded over her son. She saw him saddled with an
elegant and expensive wife, earning little money, dragging along
and getting draggled in some small, ugly house in a suburb.
"But there," she told herself, "I am very likely a silly--meeting
trouble halfway." Nevertheless, the load of anxiety scarcely ever
left her heart, lest William should do the wrong thing by himself.

Presently, Paul was bidden call upon Thomas Jordan,
Manufacturer of Surgical Appliances, at 21, Spaniel Row, Nottingham.
Mrs. Morel was all joy.

"There, you see!" she cried, her eyes shining. "You've only
written four letters, and the third is answered. You're lucky,
my boy, as I always said you were."

Paul looked at the picture of a wooden leg, adorned with elastic
stockings and other appliances, that figured on Mr. Jordan's notepaper,
and he felt alarmed. He had not known that elastic stockings existed.
And he seemed to feel the business world, with its regulated system
of values, and its impersonality, and he dreaded it. It seemed
monstrous also that a business could be run on wooden legs.

Mother and son set off together one Tuesday morning.
It was August and blazing hot. Paul walked with something screwed up
tight inside him. He would have suffered much physical pain rather
than this unreasonable suffering at being exposed to strangers,
to be accepted or rejected. Yet he chattered away with his mother.
He would never have confessed to her how he suffered over these things,
and she only partly guessed. She was gay, like a sweetheart.
She stood in front of the ticket-office at Bestwood, and Paul watched
her take from her purse the money for the tickets.
As he saw her hands in their old black kid gloves getting
the silver out of the worn purse, his heart contracted with pain
of love of her.

She was quite excited, and quite gay. He suffered because she
WOULD talk aloud in presence of the other travellers.

"Now look at that silly cow!" she said, "careering round
as if it thought it was a circus."

"It's most likely a bottfly," he said very low.

"A what?" she asked brightly and unashamed.

They thought a while. He was sensible all the time of having
her opposite him. Suddenly their eyes met, and she smiled to
him--a rare, intimate smile, beautiful with brightness and love.
Then each looked out of the window.

The sixteen slow miles of railway journey passed. The mother
and son walked down Station Street, feeling the excitement of lovers
having an adventure together. In Carrington Street they stopped
to hang over the parapet and look at the barges on the canal below.

"It's just like Venice," he said, seeing the sunshine
on the water that lay between high factory walls.

"Perhaps," she answered, smiling.

They enjoyed the shops immensely.

"Now you see that blouse," she would say, "wouldn't that just
suit our Annie? And for one-and-eleven-three. Isn't that cheap?"

"And made of needlework as well," he said.


They had plenty of time, so they did not hurry. The town
was strange and delightful to them. But the boy was tied up inside
in a knot of apprehension. He dreaded the interview with Thomas Jordan.

It was nearly eleven o'clock by St. Peter's Church.
They turned up a narrow street that led to the Castle. It was
gloomy and old-fashioned, having low dark shops and dark green house
doors with brass knockers, and yellow-ochred doorsteps projecting
on to the pavement; then another old shop whose small window looked
like a cunning, half-shut eye. Mother and son went cautiously,
looking everywhere for "Thomas Jordan and Son". It was like hunting
in some wild place. They were on tiptoe of excitement.

Suddenly they spied a big, dark archway, in which were names
of various firms, Thomas Jordan among them.

"Here it is!" said Mrs. Morel. "But now WHERE is it?"

They looked round. On one side was a queer, dark, cardboard factory,
on the other a Commercial Hotel.

"It's up the entry," said Paul.

And they ventured under the archway, as into the jaws
of the dragon. They emerged into a wide yard, like a well,
with buildings all round. It was littered with straw and boxes,
and cardboard. The sunshine actually caught one crate whose straw
was streaming on to the yard like gold. But elsewhere the place
was like a pit. There were several doors, and two flights of steps.
Straight in front, on a dirty glass door at the top of a staircase,
loomed the ominous words "Thomas Jordan and Son--Surgical Appliances."
Mrs. Morel went first, her son followed her. Charles I mounted his
scaffold with a lighter heart than had Paul Morel as he followed his
mother up the dirty steps to the dirty door.

She pushed open the door, and stood in pleased surprise. In front
of her was a big warehouse, with creamy paper parcels everywhere,
and clerks, with their shirt-sleeves rolled back, were going about
in an at-home sort of way. The light was subdued, the glossy cream
parcels seemed luminous, the counters were of dark brown wood.
All was quiet and very homely. Mrs. Morel took two steps forward,
then waited. Paul stood behind her. She had on her Sunday
bonnet and a black veil; he wore a boy's broad white collar and a
Norfolk suit.

One of the clerks looked up. He was thin and tall, with a
small face. His way of looking was alert. Then he glanced round
to the other end of the room, where was a glass office. And then
he came forward. He did not say anything, but leaned in a gentle,
inquiring fashion towards Mrs. Morel.

"Can I see Mr. Jordan?" she asked.

"I'll fetch him," answered the young man.

He went down to the glass office. A red-faced, white-whiskered
old man looked up. He reminded Paul of a pomeranian dog.
Then the same little man came up the room. He had short legs,
was rather stout, and wore an alpaca jacket. So, with one ear up,
as it were, he came stoutly and inquiringly down the room.

"Good-morning!" he said, hesitating before Mrs. Morel,
in doubt as to whether she were a customer or not.

"Good-morning. I came with my son, Paul Morel. You asked him
to call this morning."

"Come this way," said Mr. Jordan, in a rather snappy little
manner intended to be businesslike.

They followed the manufacturer into a grubby little room,
upholstered in black American leather, glossy with the rubbing of
many customers. On the table was a pile of trusses, yellow wash-leather
hoops tangled together. They looked new and living. Paul sniffed the
odour of new wash-leather. He wondered what the things were. By this
time he was so much stunned that he only noticed the outside things.

"Sit down!" said Mr. Jordan, irritably pointing Mrs. Morel
to a horse-hair chair. She sat on the edge in an uncertain fashion.
Then the little old man fidgeted and found a paper.

"Did you write this letter?" he snapped, thrusting what Paul
recognised as his own notepaper in front of him.

"Yes," he answered.

At that moment he was occupied in two ways: first, in feeling
guilty for telling a lie, since William had composed the letter;
second, in wondering why his letter seemed so strange and different,
in the fat, red hand of the man, from what it had been when it lay
on the kitchen table. It was like part of himself, gone astray.
He resented the way the man held it.

"Where did you learn to write?" said the old man crossly.

Paul merely looked at him shamedly, and did not answer.

"He IS a bad writer," put in Mrs. Morel apologetically.
Then she pushed up her veil. Paul hated her for not being prouder
with this common little man, and he loved her face clear of the veil.

"And you say you know French?" inquired the little man,
still sharply.

"Yes," said Paul.

"What school did you go to?"

"The Board-school."

"And did you learn it there?"

"No--I---" The boy went crimson and got no farther.

"His godfather gave him lessons," said Mrs. Morel, half pleading
and rather distant.

Mr. Jordan hesitated. Then, in his irritable manner--he always
seemed to keep his hands ready for action--he pulled another sheet of
paper from his pocket, unfolded it. The paper made a crackling noise.
He handed it to Paul.

"Read that," he said.

It was a note in French, in thin, flimsy foreign handwriting
that the boy could not decipher. He stared blankly at the paper.

"'Monsieur,'" he began; then he looked in great confusion
at Mr. Jordan. "It's the--it's the---"

He wanted to say "handwriting", but his wits would no longer work
even sufficiently to supply him with the word. Feeling an utter fool,
and hating Mr. Jordan, he turned desperately to the paper again.

"'Sir,--Please send me'--er--er--I can't tell the--er--'two
pairs--gris fil bas--grey thread stockings'--er--er--'sans--without'--
er--I can't tell the words--er--'doigts--fingers'--er--I can't tell the---"

He wanted to say "handwriting", but the word still refused
to come. Seeing him stuck, Mr. Jordan snatched the paper from him.

"'Please send by return two pairs grey thread stockings
without TOES.'"

"Well," flashed Paul, "'doigts' means 'fingers'--as well--as
a rule---"

The little man looked at him. He did not know whether "doigts"
meant "fingers"; he knew that for all HIS purposes it meant "toes".

"Fingers to stockings!" he snapped.

"Well, it DOES mean fingers," the boy persisted.

He hated the little man, who made such a clod of him.
Mr. Jordan looked at the pale, stupid, defiant boy, then at the mother,
who sat quiet and with that peculiar shut-off look of the poor
who have to depend on the favour of others.

"And when could he come?" he asked.

"Well," said Mrs. Morel, "as soon as you wish. He has finished
school now."

"He would live in Bestwood?"

"Yes; but he could be in--at the station--at quarter to eight."


It ended by Paul's being engaged as junior spiral clerk at eight
shillings a week. The boy did not open his mouth to say another
word, after having insisted that "doigts" meant "fingers". He
followed his mother down the stairs. She looked at him with her
bright blue eyes full of love and joy.

"I think you'll like it," she said.

"'Doigts' does mean 'fingers', mother, and it was the writing.
I couldn't read the writing."

"Never mind, my boy. I'm sure he'll be all right, and you
won't see much of him. Wasn't that first young fellow nice?
I'm sure you'll like them."

"But wasn't Mr. Jordan common, mother? Does he own it all?"

"I suppose he was a workman who has got on," she said.
"You mustn't mind people so much. They're not being disagreeable
to YOU--it's their way. You always think people are meaning things
for you. But they don't."

It was very sunny. Over the big desolate space of the market-place
the blue sky shimmered, and the granite cobbles of the paving glistened.
Shops down the Long Row were deep in obscurity, and the shadow was full
of colour. Just where the horse trams trundled across the market
was a row of fruit stalls, with fruit blazing in the sun--apples
and piles of reddish oranges, small green-gage plums and bananas.
There was a warm scent of fruit as mother and son passed.
Gradually his feeling of ignominy and of rage sank.

"Where should we go for dinner?" asked the mother.

It was felt to be a reckless extravagance. Paul had only
been in an eating-house once or twice in his life, and then only
to have a cup of tea and a bun. Most of the people of Bestwood
considered that tea and bread-and-butter, and perhaps potted beef,
was all they could afford to eat in Nottingham. Real cooked dinner
was considered great extravagance. Paul felt rather guilty.

They found a place that looked quite cheap. But when Mrs. Morel
scanned the bill of fare, her heart was heavy, things were so dear.
So she ordered kidney-pies and potatoes as the cheapest available dish.

"We oughtn't to have come here, mother," said Paul.

"Never mind," she said. "We won't come again."

She insisted on his having a small currant tart, because he
liked sweets.

"I don't want it, mother," he pleaded.

"Yes," she insisted; "you'll have it."

And she looked round for the waitress. But the waitress
was busy, and Mrs. Morel did not like to bother her then.
So the mother and son waited for the girl's pleasure, whilst she
flirted among the men.

"Brazen hussy!" said Mrs. Morel to Paul. "Look now,
she's taking that man HIS pudding, and he came long after us."

"It doesn't matter, mother," said Paul.

Mrs. Morel was angry. But she was too poor, and her orders
were too meagre, so that she had not the courage to insist on her
rights just then. They waited and waited.

"Should we go, mother?" he said.

Then Mrs. Morel stood up. The girl was passing near.

"Will you bring one currant tart?" said Mrs. Morel clearly.

The girl looked round insolently.

"Directly," she said.

"We have waited quite long enough," said Mrs. Morel.

In a moment the girl came back with the tart. Mrs. Morel
asked coldly for the bill. Paul wanted to sink through the floor.
He marvelled at his mother's hardness. He knew that only years
of battling had taught her to insist even so little on her rights.
She shrank as much as he.

"It's the last time I go THERE for anything!" she declared,
when they were outside the place, thankful to be clear.

"We'll go," she said, "and look at Keep's and Boot's, and one
or two places, shall we?"

They had discussions over the pictures, and Mrs. Morel
wanted to buy him a little sable brush that be hankered after.
But this indulgence he refused. He stood in front of milliners'
shops and drapers' shops almost bored, but content for her to
be interested. They wandered on.

"Now, just look at those black grapes!" she said. "They make
your mouth water. I've wanted some of those for years, but I s'll
have to wait a bit before I get them."

Then she rejoiced in the florists, standing in the doorway sniffing.

"Oh! oh! Isn't it simply lovely!"

Paul saw, in the darkness of the shop, an elegant young lady
in black peering over the counter curiously.

"They're looking at you," he said, trying to draw his mother away.

"But what is it?" she exclaimed, refusing to be moved.

"Stocks!" he answered, sniffing hastily. "Look, there's
a tubful."

"So there is--red and white. But really, I never knew
stocks to smell like it!" And, to his great relief, she moved
out of the doorway, but only to stand in front of the window.

"Paul!" she cried to him, who was trying to get out of
sight of the elegant young lady in black--the shop-girl. "Paul!
Just look here!"

He came reluctantly back.

"Now, just look at that fuchsia!" she exclaimed, pointing.

"H'm!" He made a curious, interested sound. "You'd think
every second as the flowers was going to fall off, they hang
so big an' heavy."

"And such an abundance!" she cried.

"And the way they drop downwards with their threads and knots!"

"Yes!" she exclaimed. "Lovely!"

"I wonder who'll buy it!" he said.

"I wonder!" she answered. "Not us."

"It would die in our parlour."

"Yes, beastly cold, sunless hole; it kills every bit of a plant
you put in, and the kitchen chokes them to death."

They bought a few things, and set off towards the station.
Looking up the canal, through the dark pass of the buildings,
they saw the Castle on its bluff of brown, green-bushed rock,
in a positive miracle of delicate sunshine.

"Won't it be nice for me to come out at dinner-times?" said Paul.
"I can go all round here and see everything. I s'll love it."

"You will," assented his mother.

He had spent a perfect afternoon with his mother. They arrived
home in the mellow evening, happy, and glowing, and tired.

In the morning he filled in the form for his season-ticket
and took it to the station. When he got back, his mother was just
beginning to wash the floor. He sat crouched up on the sofa.

"He says it'll be here on Saturday," he said.

"And how much will it be?"

"About one pound eleven," he said.

She went on washing her floor in silence.

"Is it a lot?" he asked.

"It's no more than I thought," she answered.

"An' I s'll earn eight shillings a week," he said.

She did not answer, but went on with her work. At last she said:

"That William promised me, when he went to London, as he'd give
me a pound a month. He has given me ten shillings--twice; and now I
know he hasn't a farthing if I asked him. Not that I want it.
Only just now you'd think he might be able to help with this ticket,
which I'd never expected."

"He earns a lot," said Paul.

"He earns a hundred and thirty pounds. But they're all alike.
They're large in promises, but it's precious little fulfilment
you get."

"He spends over fifty shillings a week on himself," said Paul.

"And I keep this house on less than thirty," she replied;
"and am supposed to find money for extras. But they don't care
about helping you, once they've gone. He'd rather spend it on
that dressed-up creature."

"She should have her own money if she's so grand," said Paul.

"She should, but she hasn't. I asked him. And I know he
doesn't buy her a gold bangle for nothing. I wonder whoever bought
ME a gold bangle."

William was succeeding with his "Gipsy", as he called her.
He asked the girl--her name was Louisa Lily Denys Western--for a
photograph to send to his mother. The photo came--a handsome brunette,
taken in profile, smirking slightly--and, it might be, quite naked,
for on the photograph not a scrap of clothing was to be seen,
only a naked bust.

"Yes," wrote Mrs. Morel to her son, "the photograph of
Louie is very striking, and I can see she must be attractive.
But do you think, my boy, it was very good taste of a girl to
give her young man that photo to send to his mother--the first?
Certainly the shoulders are beautiful, as you say. But I hardly
expected to see so much of them at the first view."

Morel found the photograph standing on the chiffonier in
the parlour. He came out with it between his thick thumb and finger.

"Who dost reckon this is?" he asked of his wife.

"It's the girl our William is going with," replied Mrs. Morel.

"H'm! 'Er's a bright spark, from th' look on 'er, an'
one as wunna do him owermuch good neither. Who is she?"

"Her name is Louisa Lily Denys Western."

"An' come again to-morrer!" exclaimed the miner. "An' is 'er
an actress?"

"She is not. She's supposed to be a lady."

"I'll bet!" he exclaimed, still staring at the photo. "A lady,
is she? An' how much does she reckon ter keep up this sort o'
game on?"

"On nothing. She lives with an old aunt, whom she hates,
and takes what bit of money's given her."

"H'm!" said Morel, laying down the photograph. "Then he's
a fool to ha' ta'en up wi' such a one as that."

"Dear Mater," William replied. "I'm sorry you didn't like
the photograph. It never occurred to me when I sent it, that you
mightn't think it decent. However, I told Gyp that it didn't quite
suit your prim and proper notions, so she's going to send you another,
that I hope will please you better. She's always being photographed;
in fact, the photographers ask her if they may take her for nothing."

Presently the new photograph came, with a little silly note
from the girl. This time the young lady was seen in a black satin
evening bodice, cut square, with little puff sleeves, and black
lace hanging down her beautiful arms.

"I wonder if she ever wears anything except evening clothes,"
said Mrs. Morel sarcastically. "I'm sure I ought to be impressed."

"You are disagreeable, mother," said Paul. "I think the first
one with bare shoulders is lovely."

"Do you?" answered his mother. "Well, I don't."

On the Monday morning the boy got up at six to start work.
He had the season-ticket, which had cost such bitterness, in his
waistcoat pocket. He loved it with its bars of yellow across.
His mother packed his dinner in a small, shut-up basket, and he set
off at a quarter to seven to catch the 7.15 train. Mrs. Morel came
to the entry-end to see him off.

It was a perfect morning. From the ash tree the slender
green fruits that the children call "pigeons" were twinkling gaily
down on a little breeze, into the front gardens of the houses.
The valley was full of a lustrous dark haze, through which the ripe
corn shimmered, and in which the steam from Minton pit melted swiftly.
Puffs of wind came. Paul looked over the high woods of Aldersley,
where the country gleamed, and home had never pulled at him
so powerfully.

"Good-morning, mother," he said, smiling, but feeling very unhappy.

"Good-morning," she replied cheerfully and tenderly.

She stood in her white apron on the open road, watching him
as he crossed the field. He had a small, compact body that looked
full of life. She felt, as she saw him trudging over the field,
that where he determined to go he would get. She thought of William.
He would have leaped the fence instead of going round the stile.
He was away in London, doing well. Paul would be working in Nottingham.
Now she had two sons in the world. She could think of two places,
great centres of industry, and feel that she had put a man into each
of them, that these men would work out what SHE wanted; they were
derived from her, they were of her, and their works also would be hers.
All the morning long she thought of Paul.

At eight o'clock he climbed the dismal stairs of Jordan's
Surgical Appliance Factory, and stood helplessly against the first
great parcel-rack, waiting for somebody to pick him up. The place
was still not awake. Over the counters were great dust sheets.
Two men only had arrived, and were heard talking in a corner,
as they took off their coats and rolled up their shirt-sleeves. It
was ten past eight. Evidently there was no rush of punctuality.
Paul listened to the voices of the two clerks. Then he heard
someone cough, and saw in the office at the end of the room an old,
decaying clerk, in a round smoking-cap of black velvet embroidered
with red and green, opening letters. He waited and waited.
One of the junior clerks went to the old man, greeted him
cheerily and loudly. Evidently the old "chief" was deaf.
Then the young fellow came striding importantly down to his counter.
He spied Paul.

"Hello!" he said. "You the new lad?"

"Yes," said Paul.

"H'm! What's your name?"

"Paul Morel."

"Paul Morel? All right, you come on round here."

Paul followed him round the rectangle of counters. The room
was second storey. It had a great hole in the middle of the floor,
fenced as with a wall of counters, and down this wide shaft
the lifts went, and the light for the bottom storey. Also there
was a corresponding big, oblong hole in the ceiling, and one
could see above, over the fence of the top floor, some machinery;
and right away overhead was the glass roof, and all light for the
three storeys came downwards, getting dimmer, so that it was always
night on the ground floor and rather gloomy on the second floor.
The factory was the top floor, the warehouse the second, the storehouse
the ground floor. It was an insanitary, ancient place.

Paul was led round to a very dark corner.

"This is the 'Spiral' corner," said the clerk. "You're Spiral,
with Pappleworth. He's your boss, but he's not come yet. He doesn't
get here till half-past eight. So you can fetch the letters,
if you like, from Mr. Melling down there."

The young man pointed to the old clerk in the office.

"All right," said Paul.

"Here's a peg to hang your cap on. Here are your entry ledgers.
Mr. Pappleworth won't be long."

And the thin young man stalked away with long, busy strides
over the hollow wooden floor.

After a minute or two Paul went down and stood in the door
of the glass office. The old clerk in the smoking-cap looked
down over the rim of his spectacles.

"Good-morning," he said, kindly and impressively. "You want
the letters for the Spiral department, Thomas?"

Paul resented being called "Thomas". But he took the letters
and returned to his dark place, where the counter made an angle,
where the great parcel-rack came to an end, and where there
were three doors in the corner. He sat on a high stool and read
the letters--those whose handwriting was not too difficult.
They ran as follows:

"Will you please send me at once a pair of lady's silk spiral
thigh-hose, without feet, such as I had from you last year;
length, thigh to knee, etc." Or, "Major Chamberlain wishes
to repeat his previous order for a silk non-elastic suspensory bandage."

Many of these letters, some of them in French or Norwegian,
were a great puzzle to the boy. He sat on his stool nervously awaiting
the arrival of his "boss". He suffered tortures of shyness when,
at half-past eight, the factory girls for upstairs trooped past him.

Mr. Pappleworth arrived, chewing a chlorodyne gum, at about
twenty to nine, when all the other men were at work. He was a thin,
sallow man with a red nose, quick, staccato, and smartly but
stiffly dressed. He was about thirty-six years old. There was
something rather "doggy", rather smart, rather 'cute and shrewd,
and something warm, and something slightly contemptible about him.

"You my new lad?" he said.

Paul stood up and said he was.

"Fetched the letters?"

Mr. Pappleworth gave a chew to his gum.


"Copied 'em?"


"Well, come on then, let's look slippy. Changed your coat?"


"You want to bring an old coat and leave it here." He pronounced
the last words with the chlorodyne gum between his side teeth.
He vanished into the darkness behind the great parcel-rack,
reappeared coatless, turning up a smart striped shirt-cuff over
a thin and hairy arm. Then he slipped into his coat. Paul noticed
how thin he was, and that his trousers were in folds behind.
He seized a stool, dragged it beside the boy's, and sat down.

"Sit down," he said.

Paul took a seat.

Mr. Pappleworth was very close to him. The man seized
the letters, snatched a long entry-book out of a rack in front
of him, flung it open, seized a pen, and said:

"Now look here. You want to copy these letters in here."
He sniffed twice, gave a quick chew at his gum, stared fixedly at
a letter, then went very still and absorbed, and wrote the entry rapidly,
in a beautiful flourishing hand. He glanced quickly at Paul.

"See that?"


"Think you can do it all right?"


"All right then, let's see you."

He sprang off his stool. Paul took a pen. Mr. Pappleworth
disappeared. Paul rather liked copying the letters, but he wrote slowly,
laboriously, and exceedingly badly. He was doing the fourth letter,
and feeling quite busy and happy, when Mr. Pappleworth reappeared.

"Now then, how'r' yer getting on? Done 'em?"

He leaned over the boy's shoulder, chewing, and smelling
of chlorodyne.

"Strike my bob, lad, but you're a beautiful writer!"
he exclaimed satirically. "Ne'er mind, how many h'yer done?
Only three! I'd 'a eaten 'em. Get on, my lad, an' put numbers
on 'em. Here, look! Get on!"

Paul ground away at the letters, whilst Mr. Pappleworth fussed
over various jobs. Suddenly the boy started as a shrill whistle
sounded near his ear. Mr. Pappleworth came, took a plug out of a pipe,
and said, in an amazingly cross and bossy voice:


Paul heard a faint voice, like a woman's, out of the mouth of
the tube. He gazed in wonder, never having seen a speaking-tube before.

"Well," said Mr. Pappleworth disagreeably into the tube,
"you'd better get some of your back work done, then."

Again the woman's tiny voice was heard, sounding pretty and cross.

"I've not time to stand here while you talk," said Mr. Pappleworth,
and he pushed the plug into the tube.

"Come, my lad," he said imploringly to Paul, "there's Polly
crying out for them orders. Can't you buck up a bit? Here, come out!"

He took the book, to Paul's immense chagrin, and began
the copying himself. He worked quickly and well. This done,
he seized some strips of long yellow paper, about three inches wide,
and made out the day's orders for the work-girls.

"You'd better watch me," he said to Paul, working all the
while rapidly. Paul watched the weird little drawings of legs,
and thighs, and ankles, with the strokes across and the numbers,
and the few brief directions which his chief made upon the yellow paper.
Then Mr. Pappleworth finished and jumped up.

"Come on with me," he said, and the yellow papers flying
in his hands, he dashed through a door and down some stairs,
into the basement where the gas was burning. They crossed the cold,
damp storeroom, then a long, dreary room with a long table on trestles,
into a smaller, cosy apartment, not very high, which had been
built on to the main building. In this room a small woman with
a red serge blouse, and her black hair done on top of her head,
was waiting like a proud little bantam.

"Here y'are!" said Pappleworth.

"I think it is 'here you are'!" exclaimed Polly. "The girls
have been here nearly half an hour waiting. Just think of the
time wasted!"

"YOU think of getting your work done and not talking so much,"
said Mr. Pappleworth. "You could ha' been finishing off."

"You know quite well we finished everything off on Saturday!"
cried Pony, flying at him, her dark eyes flashing.

"Tu-tu-tu-tu-terterter!" he mocked. "Here's your new lad.
Don't ruin him as you did the last."

"As we did the last!" repeated Polly. "Yes, WE do a lot
of ruining, we do. My word, a lad would TAKE some ruining after
he'd been with you."

"It's time for work now, not for talk," said Mr. Pappleworth
severely and coldly.

"It was time for work some time back," said Polly, marching away
with her head in the air. She was an erect little body of forty.

In that room were two round spiral machines on the bench under
the window. Through the inner doorway was another longer room,
with six more machines. A little group of girls, nicely dressed
in white aprons, stood talking together.

"Have you nothing else to do but talk?" said Mr. Pappleworth.

"Only wait for you," said one handsome girl, laughing.

"Well, get on, get on," he said. "Come on, my lad.
You'll know your road down here again."

And Paul ran upstairs after his chief. He was given some
checking and invoicing to do. He stood at the desk, labouring in his
execrable handwriting. Presently Mr. Jordan came strutting down from
the glass office and stood behind him, to the boy's great discomfort.
Suddenly a red and fat finger was thrust on the form he was filling in.

"MR. J. A. Bates, Esquire!" exclaimed the cross voice just
behind his ear.

Paul looked at "Mr. J. A. Bates, Esquire" in his own vile writing,
and wondered what was the matter now.

"Didn't they teach you any better THAN that while they were at it?
If you put 'Mr.' you don't put Esquire'-a man can't be both at once."

The boy regretted his too-much generosity in disposing
of honours, hesitated, and with trembling fingers, scratched out
the "Mr." Then all at once Mr. Jordan snatched away the invoice.

"Make another! Are you going to send that to a gentleman?"
And he tore up the blue form irritably.

Paul, his ears red with shame, began again.
Still Mr. Jordan watched.

"I don't know what they DO teach in schools. You'll have
to write better than that. Lads learn nothing nowadays, but how
to recite poetry and play the fiddle. Have you seen his writing?"
he asked of Mr. Pappleworth.

"Yes; prime, isn't it?" replied Mr. Pappleworth indifferently.

Mr. Jordan gave a little grunt, not unamiable. Paul divined
that his master's bark was worse than his bite. Indeed, the little
manufacturer, although he spoke bad English, was quite gentleman
enough to leave his men alone and to take no notice of trifles.
But he knew he did not look like the boss and owner of the show,
so he had to play his role of proprietor at first, to put things
on a right footing.

"Let's see, WHAT'S your name?" asked Mr. Pappleworth of the boy.

"Paul Morel."

It is curious that children suffer so much at having
to pronounce their own names.

"Paul Morel, is it? All right, you Paul-Morel through them
things there, and then---"

Mr. Pappleworth subsided on to a stool, and began writing.
A girl came up from out of a door just behind, put some
newly-pressed elastic web appliances on the counter, and returned.
Mr. Pappleworth picked up the whitey-blue knee-band, examined it,
and its yellow order-paper quickly, and put it on one side.
Next was a flesh-pink "leg". He went through the few things,
wrote out a couple of orders, and called to Paul to accompany him.
This time they went through the door whence the girl had emerged.
There Paul found himself at the top of a little wooden flight of steps,
and below him saw a room with windows round two sides, and at the
farther end half a dozen girls sitting bending over the benches in
the light from the window, sewing. They were singing together "Two
Little Girls in Blue". Hearing the door opened, they all turned round,
to see Mr. Pappleworth and Paul looking down on them from the far
end of the room. They stopped singing.

"Can't you make a bit less row?" said Mr. Pappleworth.
"Folk'll think we keep cats."

A hunchback woman on a high stool turned her long, rather heavy
face towards Mr. Pappleworth, and said, in a contralto voice:

"They're all tom-cats then."

In vain Mr. Pappleworth tried to be impressive for Paul's benefit.
He descended the steps into the finishing-off room,
and went to the hunchback Fanny. She had such
a short body on her high stool that her head, with its
great bands of bright brown hair, seemed over large, as did her pale,
heavy face. She wore a dress of green-black cashmere, and her wrists,
coming out of the narrow cuffs, were thin and flat, as she put
down her work nervously. He showed her something that was wrong
with a knee-cap.

"Well," she said, "you needn't come blaming it on to me.
It's not my fault." Her colour mounted to her cheek.

"I never said it WAS your fault. Will you do as I tell you?"
replied Mr. Pappleworth shortly.

"You don't say it's my fault, but you'd like to make out as it was,"
the hunchback woman cried, almost in tears. Then she snatched
the knee-cap from her "boss", saying: "Yes, I'll do it for you,
but you needn't be snappy."

"Here's your new lad," said Mr. Pappleworth.

Fanny turned, smiling very gently on Paul.

"Oh!" she said.

"Yes; don't make a softy of him between you."

"It's not us as 'ud make a softy of him," she said indignantly.

"Come on then, Paul," said Mr. Pappleworth.

"Au revoy, Paul," said one of the girls.

There was a titter of laughter. Paul went out, blushing deeply,
not having spoken a word.

The day was very long. All morning the work-people were coming
to speak to Mr. Pappleworth. Paul was writing or learning to make
up parcels, ready for the midday post. At one o'clock, or, rather,
at a quarter to one, Mr. Pappleworth disappeared to catch his train:
he lived in the suburbs. At one o'clock, Paul, feeling very lost,
took his dinner-basket down into the stockroom in the basement,
that had the long table on trestles, and ate his meal hurriedly,
alone in that cellar of gloom and desolation. Then he went out of doors.
The brightness and the freedom of the streets made him feel adventurous
and happy. But at two o'clock he was back in the corner of the
big room. Soon the work-girls went trooping past, making remarks.
It was the commoner girls who worked upstairs at the heavy tasks
of truss-making and the finishing of artificial limbs. He waited
for Mr. Pappleworth, not knowing what to do, sitting scribbling
on the yellow order-paper. Mr. Pappleworth came at twenty minutes
to three. Then he sat and gossiped with Paul, treating the boy
entirely as an equal, even in age.

In the afternoon there was never very much to do, unless it
were near the week-end, and the accounts had to be made up.
At five o'clock all the men went down into the dungeon with the
table on trestles, and there they had tea, eating bread-and-butter
on the bare, dirty boards, talking with the same kind of ugly
haste and slovenliness with which they ate their meal. And yet
upstairs the atmosphere among them was always jolly and clear.
The cellar and the trestles affected them.

After tea, when all the gases were lighted, WORK went more briskly.
There was the big evening post to get off. The hose came up warm
and newly pressed from the workrooms. Paul had made out the invoices.
Now he had the packing up and addressing to do, then he had
to weigh his stock of parcels on the scales. Everywhere voices
were calling weights, there was the chink of metal, the rapid
snapping of string, the hurrying to old Mr. Melling for stamps.
And at last the postman came with his sack, laughing and jolly.
Then everything slacked off, and Paul took his dinner-basket
and ran to the station to catch the eight-twenty train. The day
in the factory was just twelve hours long.

His mother sat waiting for him rather anxiously. He had to
walk from Keston, so was not home until about twenty past nine.
And he left the house before seven in the morning. Mrs. Morel
was rather anxious about his health. But she herself had had to put up
with so much that she expected her children to take the same odds.
They must go through with what came. And Paul stayed at Jordan's,
although all the time he was there his health suffered from the
darkness and lack of air and the long hours.

He came in pale and tired. His mother looked at him.
She saw he was rather pleased, and her anxiety all went.

"Well, and how was it?" she asked.

"Ever so funny, mother," he replied. "You don't have to work
a bit hard, and they're nice with you."

"And did you get on all right?"

"Yes: they only say my writing's bad. But Mr. Pappleworth--
he's my man--said to Mr. Jordan I should be all right.
I'm Spiral, mother; you must come and see. It's ever so nice."

Soon he liked Jordan's. Mr. Pappleworth, who had a certain
"saloon bar" flavour about him, was always natural, and treated
him as if he had been a comrade. Sometimes the "Spiral boss"
was irritable, and chewed more lozenges than ever. Even then,
however, he was not offensive, but one of those people who hurt
themselves by their own irritability more than they hurt other people.

"Haven't you done that YET?" he would cry. "Go on, be a month
of Sundays."

Again, and Paul could understand him least then, he was jocular
and in high spirits.

"I'm going to bring my little Yorkshire terrier bitch tomorrow,"
he said jubilantly to Paul.

"What's a Yorkshire terrier?"

"DON'T know what a Yorkshire terrier is? DON'T KNOW A YORKSHIRE---"
Mr. Pappleworth was aghast.

"Is it a little silky one--colours of iron and rusty silver?"

"THAT'S it, my lad. She's a gem. She's had five pounds'
worth of pups already, and she's worth over seven pounds herself;
and she doesn't weigh twenty ounces."

The next day the bitch came. She was a shivering, miserable morsel.
Paul did not care for her; she seemed so like a wet rag that would
never dry. Then a man called for her, and began to make coarse jokes.
But Mr. Pappleworth nodded his head in the direction of the boy,
and the talk went on sotto voce.

Mr. Jordan only made one more excursion to watch Paul,
and then the only fault he found was seeing the boy lay his pen
on the counter.

"Put your pen in your ear, if you're going to be a clerk.
Pen in your ear!" And one day he said to the lad: "Why don't you
hold your shoulders straighter? Come down here," when he took him
into the glass office and fitted him with special braces for keeping
the shoulders square.

But Paul liked the girls best. The men seemed common and
rather dull. He liked them all, but they were uninteresting. Polly,
the little brisk overseer downstairs, finding Paul eating in the cellar,
asked him if she could cook him anything on her little stove.
Next day his mother gave him a dish that could be heated up.
He took it into the pleasant, clean room to Polly. And very soon it
grew to be an established custom that he should have dinner with her.
When he came in at eight in the morning he took his basket to her,
and when he came down at one o'clock she had his dinner ready.

He was not very tall, and pale, with thick chestnut hair,
irregular features, and a wide, full mouth. She was like a small bird.
He often called her a "robinet". Though naturally rather quiet,
he would sit and chatter with her for hours telling her about his home.
The girls all liked to hear him talk. They often gathered in a little
circle while he sat on a bench, and held forth to them, laughing.
Some of them regarded him as a curious little creature, so serious,
yet so bright and jolly, and always so delicate in his way with them.
They all liked him, and he adored them. Polly he felt he belonged to.
Then Connie, with her mane of red hair, her face of apple-blossom,
her murmuring voice, such a lady in her shabby black frock,
appealed to his romantic side.

"When you sit winding," he said, "it looks as if you were
spinning at a spinning-wheel--it looks ever so nice. You remind
me of Elaine in the 'Idylls of the King'. I'd draw you if I could."

And she glanced at him blushing shyly. And later on he had
a sketch he prized very much: Connie sitting on the stool before
the wheel, her flowing mane of red hair on her rusty black frock,
her red mouth shut and serious, running the scarlet thread off
the hank on to the reel.

With Louie, handsome and brazen, who always seemed to thrust
her hip at him, he usually joked.

Emma was rather plain, rather old, and condescending.
But to condescend to him made her happy, and he did not mind.

"How do you put needles in?" he asked.

"Go away and don't bother."

"But I ought to know how to put needles in."

She ground at her machine all the while steadily.

"There are many things you ought to know," she replied.

"Tell me, then, how to stick needles in the machine."

"Oh, the boy, what a nuisance he is! Why, THIS is how you
do it."

He watched her attentively. Suddenly a whistle piped.
Then Polly appeared, and said in a clear voice:

"Mr. Pappleworth wants to know how much longer you're going
to be down here playing with the girls, Paul."

Paul flew upstairs, calling "Good-bye!" and Emma drew herself up.

"It wasn't ME who wanted him to play with the machine,"
she said.

As a rule, when all the girls came back at two o'clock, he
ran upstairs to Fanny, the hunchback, in the finishing-off room.
Mr. Pappleworth did not appear till twenty to three, and he often
found his boy sitting beside Fanny, talking, or drawing, or singing
with the girls.

Often, after a minute's hesitation, Fanny would begin to sing.
She had a fine contralto voice. Everybody joined in the chorus,
and it went well. Paul was not at all embarrassed, after a while,
sitting in the room with the half a dozen work-girls.

At the end of the song Fanny would say:

"I know you've been laughing at me."

"Don't be so soft, Fanny!" cried one of the girls.

Once there was mention of Connie's red hair.

"Fanny's is better, to my fancy," said Emma.

"You needn't try to make a fool of me," said Fanny, flushing deeply.

"No, but she has, Paul; she's got beautiful hair."

"It's a treat of a colour," said he. "That coldish colour
like earth, and yet shiny. It's like bog-water."

"Goodness me!" exclaimed one girl, laughing.

"How I do but get criticised," said Fanny.

"But you should see it down, Paul," cried Emma earnestly.
"It's simply beautiful. Put it down for him, Fanny, if he wants
something to paint."

Fanny would not, and yet she wanted to.

"Then I'll take it down myself," said the lad.

"Well, you can if you like," said Fanny.

And he carefully took the pins out of the knot, and the rush
of hair, of uniform dark brown, slid over the humped back.

"What a lovely lot!" he exclaimed.

The girls watched. There was silence. The youth shook
the hair loose from the coil.

"It's splendid!" he said, smelling its perfume. "I'll bet
it's worth pounds."

"I'll leave it you when I die, Paul," said Fanny, half joking.

"You look just like anybody else, sitting drying their hair,"
said one of the girls to the long-legged hunchback.

Poor Fanny was morbidly sensitive, always imagining insults.
Polly was curt and businesslike. The two departments were for ever
at war, and Paul was always finding Fanny in tears. Then he was
made the recipient of all her woes, and he had to plead her case
with Polly.

So the time went along happily enough. The factory had a
homely feel. No one was rushed or driven. Paul always enjoyed
it when the work got faster, towards post-time, and all the men
united in labour. He liked to watch his fellow-clerks at work.
The man was the work and the work was the man, one thing, for the
time being. It was different with the girls. The real woman
never seemed to be there at the task, but as if left out, waiting.

From the train going home at night he used to watch the lights
of the town, sprinkled thick on the hills, fusing together in a blaze
in the valleys. He felt rich in life and happy. Drawing farther off,
there was a patch of lights at Bulwell like myriad petals shaken
to the ground from the shed stars; and beyond was the red glare
of the furnaces, playing like hot breath on the clouds.

He had to walk two and more miles from Keston home,
up two long hills, down two short hills. He was often tired,
and he counted the lamps climbing the hill above him, how many more
to pass. And from the hilltop, on pitch-dark nights, he looked
round on the villages five or six miles away, that shone like swarms
of glittering living things, almost a heaven against his feet.
Marlpool and Heanor scattered the far-off darkness with brilliance.
And occasionally the black valley space between was traced,
violated by a great train rushing south to London or north to Scotland.
The trains roared by like projectiles level on the darkness,
fuming and burning, making the valley clang with their passage.
They were gone, and the lights of the towns and villages glittered
in silence.

And then he came to the corner at home, which faced the
other side of the night. The ash-tree seemed a friend now.
His mother rose with gladness as he entered. He put his eight
shillings proudly on the table.

"It'll help, mother?" he asked wistfully.

"There's precious little left," she answered, "after your
ticket and dinners and such are taken off."

Then he told her the budget of the day. His life-story,
like an Arabian Nights, was told night after night to his mother.
It was almost as if it were her own life.



ARTHUR MOREL was growing up. He was a quick, careless, impulsive boy,
a good deal like his father. He hated study, made a great moan if he
had to work, and escaped as soon as possible to his sport again.

In appearance he remained the flower of the family,
being well made, graceful, and full of life. His dark brown hair
and fresh colouring, and his exquisite dark blue eyes shaded with
long lashes, together with his generous manner and fiery temper,
made him a favourite. But as he grew older his temper became uncertain.
He flew into rages over nothing, seemed unbearably raw and irritable.

His mother, whom he loved, wearied of him sometimes.
He thought only of himself. When he wanted amusement, all that
stood in his way he hated, even if it were she.
When he was in trouble he moaned to her ceaselessly.

"Goodness, boy!" she said, when he groaned about a master who,
he said, hated him, "if you don't like it, alter it, and if you
can't alter it, put up with it."

And his father, whom he had loved and who had worshipped him,
he came to detest. As he grew older Morel fell into a slow ruin.
His body, which had been beautiful in movement and in being,
shrank, did not seem to ripen with the years, but to get mean
and rather despicable. There came over him a look of meanness
and of paltriness. And when the mean-looking elderly man bullied or
ordered the boy about, Arthur was furious. Moreover, Morel's manners
got worse and worse, his habits somewhat disgusting. When the
children were growing up and in the crucial stage of adolescence,
the father was like some ugly irritant to their souls. His manners
in the house were the same as he used among the colliers down pit.

"Dirty nuisance!" Arthur would cry, jumping up and going
straight out of the house when his father disgusted him.
And Morel persisted the more because his children hated it.
He seemed to take a kind of satisfaction in disgusting them,
and driving them nearly mad, while they were so irritably sensitive
at the age of fourteen or fifteen. So that Arthur, who was growing
up when his father was degenerate and elderly, hated him worst
of all.

Then, sometimes, the father would seem to feel the contemptuous
hatred of his children.

"There's not a man tries harder for his family!" he would shout.
"He does his best for them, and then gets treated like a dog.
But I'm not going to stand it, I tell you!"

But for the threat and the fact that he did not try so hard
as be imagined, they would have felt sorry. As it was, the battle
now went on nearly all between father and children, he persisting
in his dirty and disgusting ways, just to assert his independence.
They loathed him.

Arthur was so inflamed and irritable at last, that when he
won a scholarship for the Grammar School in Nottingham, his mother
decided to let him live in town, with one of her sisters, and only
come home at week-ends.

Annie was still a junior teacher in the Board-school, earning
about four shillings a week. But soon she would have fifteen shillings,
since she had passed her examination, and there would be financial
peace in the house.

Mrs. Morel clung now to Paul. He was quiet and not brilliant.
But still he stuck to his painting, and still he stuck to his mother.
Everything he did was for her. She waited for his coming home
in the evening, and then she unburdened herself of all she
had pondered, or of all that had occurred to her during the day.
He sat and listened with his earnestness. The two shared lives.

William was engaged now to his brunette, and had bought her
an engagement ring that cost eight guineas. The children gasped
at such a fabulous price.

"Eight guineas!" said Morel. "More fool him! If he'd gen me
some on't, it 'ud ha' looked better on 'im."

"Given YOU some of it!" cried Mrs. Morel. "Why give YOU
some of it!"

She remembered HE had bought no engagement ring at all,
and she preferred William, who was not mean, if he were foolish.
But now the young man talked only of the dances to which he went
with his betrothed, and the different resplendent clothes she wore;
or he told his mother with glee how they went to the theatre like
great swells.

He wanted to bring the girl home. Mrs. Morel said she
should come at the Christmas. This time William arrived with
a lady, but with no presents. Mrs. Morel had prepared supper.
Hearing footsteps, she rose and went to the door. William entered.

"Hello, mother!" He kissed her hastily, then stood aside
to present a tall, handsome girl, who was wearing a costume of fine
black-and-white check, and furs.

"Here's Gyp!"

Miss Western held out her hand and showed her teeth in a small smile.

"Oh, how do you do, Mrs. Morel!" she exclaimed.

"I am afraid you will be hungry," said Mrs. Morel.

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