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Scientific American, Vol.22, No. 1, January 1, 1870 by Various

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WANTED--Iron Planers, Engine Lathes, Boring and Shaping Machines, one
set of Boiler Tools, Cupola, etc.; must be modern tools, and as good as
new. Address, with catalogue and lowest cash prices,

JOHN COOPER & CO., Mount Vernon, Ohio.

* * * * *

_Niagara Steam Pump_.

CHAS. B. HARDICK,

No. 9 Adams st., Brooklyn, N.Y.

* * * * *

OTIS' SAFETY HOISTING

_Machinery._

OTIS BROTHERS & CO.

NO. 309 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.

* * * * *

Do your own Printing

WITH A NOVELTY JOB PRINTING PRESS

The only Low-Priced Press ever invented, that will do good printing.
Printing can be done as well and as rapidly on this press as on the best
that printers use; and for printing offices where artificial power is
not used, or for business men, apothecaries, grocers, country traders,
and others who desire to do their own printing, it is entirely without a
rival. The Best Holiday Gift for Boys. Price of Presses--$15, $30,
$32, and $50. Send for full descriptive illustrated circulars, with
testimonials from all parts of the country, and specimens of plain and
color printing done on the press, & specimen sheets of types, borders,
cuts, rules, etc., to

BENJ. O. WOODS, Proprietor,

351 Federal st., Boston, Mass.

[Illustration]

* * * * *

IRON STEAMERS, HULLS, & LIGHTERS.

Estimates & Specifications furnished on application. HENRY J. DAVISON,
77 Liberty st., New York, Agent for Pusey, Jones & Co. 21 tf

* * * * *

HAIR, WOOL, AND COTTON DUCK FELT, for sale by the Square foot,or boilers
covered by Contract. RUSSIAN FELT, of every description, a SPECIALTY, by
HENRY J. DAVISON

77 Liberty st., N.Y.

* * * * *

WAGON AXLES, COMMON, CONCORD, IRON HUB, and SOLID COLLAR, of superior
quality & finish. Also, Manufacturers of Machinery, Pat. Steam and Belt
Forge Hammers, Power Shears, Car Axles, Windlass Necks Truss Shapes,
Crowbars, Boiler Fronts, Cast Iron Jack Screws, Patent Swage Blocks,
Tire Benders. Forgings & Castings. Address, for Price List, LYMAN
KINSLEY & CO., Cambridgeport, Mass.

* * * * *

TO THE WORKING CLASS.--We are now prepared to furnish all classes with
constant employment at home, the whole of the time or for the spare
moments. Business new, light and profitable. Persons of either sex
easily earn from 5oc. to $5 per evening, and a proportional sum by
devoting their whole time to the business. Boys and girls earn nearly as
much as men. That all who see this notice may send their address, and
test the business, we make this unparalleled offer: To such as are not
well satisfied, we will send $1 to pay for the trouble of writing. Full
particulars, a valuable sample, which will do to commence work on, and a
copy of _The People's Literary Companion_--one of the largest and best
family newspapers published--all sent free by mail. Reader, if you want
permanent, profitable work, address E.C. ALLEN & CO., Augusta, Maine.

* * * * *

INVENTORS, AGENTS, MERCHANTS, and all Dealers in Patents or Patented
Goods, should subscribe for the PATENT STAR, devoted to their Interests.
Terms 5oc. per year. Send stamp for sample to

BENT, GOODNOW & CO., Boston, Mass.

* * * * *

WROUCHT IRON BEAMS & GIRDERS

The Union Iron Mills, Pittsburgh, Pa. The attention of Engineers and
Architects is called to our improved Wrought-iron Beams and Girders
(patented), in which the compound welds between the stem and flanges,
which have proved so objectionable in the old mode of manufacturing,
are entirely avoided, we are prepared to furnish all sizes at terms
as favorable as can be obtained elsewhere. For descriptive lithograph
address the Union Iron Mills. Pittsburgh, Pa.

* * * * *

ASHCROFT'S LOW-WATER DETECTOR will insure your Boiler against explosion.
JOHN ASHCROFT, 50 John st.. New York. 16 tf

* * * * *

POWER LOOMS.

Impreved Drop Box. Spooling, Winding, Beaming, Dyeing, and Sizing
Machines Self-Actmg, Wool-Scouring Machines, Hydra Extractors Also,
Shafting, Pulleys, and Sen-Oiling Adjusable Han...ers [Transcribers
note: word illegible], manuf'd by THOS. WOOD, 2106 Wood st., Philad'a.
Pa

* * * * *

WOODBURY'S PATENT

Planing and Matching

and Molding Machmes, Gray & Wood's Planers, Self-oiling Saw Arbors, and
other wood working machinery.

S. A. WOODS, / 91 Liberty street, N. Y.;
Send for Circulars. \ 67 Sudbury street, Boston.

* * * * *

BOILER FELTING SAVES TWENTY-FIVE PER CENT OF FUEL.

JOHN ASHCROFT,

50 John st. New York.

16 tf

* * * * *

WATCH SWINDLES.--Humbug Music

Boxes. Bogus Money. Four columns of "Ventilations" in the "STAR SPANGLED
BANNER."

* * * * *

BUERK'S WATCHMAN'S TIME DETECTOR.--Important for all large Corporation
and Manufacturing concerns--capable of controlling with the utmost
accuracy the motion of a watchman or patrolman, as the same reaches
different stations of his beat, Send for a Circular.

J.E.BUEBK,

P.O.Box 1,057, Boston, Mass.

N.B.--This detector is covered by two U. S. patents. Parties using or
selling these instruments without authority from me will be dealt with
according to law.

* * * * *

LATHE CHUCKS--HORTON'S PATENT--from 4 to 36 inches. Also for car wheels.
Address

E. HORTON & SON, Windsor Locks, Conn.

* * * * *

CATALOGUES 10 CENTS EACH, SENT BY MAIL.

_MATHEMATICAL INSTRUMENTS_, 112 pages. _OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS_, 72 pages.
_MAGIC LANTERNS and STEREOPTICONS_, 100pp. _PHILOSOPHICAL INSTRUMENTS_,
84 pages. JAMES W. QUEEN & CO., 924 Chestnut st..Philadelphia Pa

* * * * *

COTTON AND WOOL

SHODDY PICKERS

Of the most approved English pattern, built by RICHABD KITSON

Lowell, Mass.

* * * * *

Excelsior Lubricator

For Cylinders of Engines. The most durable and best oil cup,
manufactured by B. E. LEHMAN, Lehigh Valley Brass Works. Bethlehem, Pa.
Send for desc'ive circular

* * * * *

MODELS, PATTERNS, EXPERIMENTAL,

and other machinery. Models for the Patent Office built to order by
HOLSKE MACHINE CO., Nos. 528, 530 and 532 Water st., near Jefferson.
Refer to SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN office. 14 tf

* * * * *

MACHINERY FOR SALE--

Consisting of steam engines, boilers, machinists' tools, planers from
two to five feet wide, lathes from 11/2 to 7-ft. swing, and one boring,
turning, and slotting mill, of 8-ft. swing, trip hammer, blacksmith's
tools, fire proof safes, portable mills, fan blowers, water wheels,
pulleys, shafting, belting, platform scales, etc., etc.; all at prices
that will insure a rapid sale. Send for schedule. Engines, water wheels,
and machinery made to order.

GEOBGE T. McLAUTHLIN & CO.,

120 Fulton st., Boston, Mass.

* * * * *

M. N. FORNEY, Mechanical Engineer, 64 B'dway (Room 48), N.Y. Designs,
Plans, Estimates and Working Drawings of Machinery. etc., promptly and
accurately made. Instruction given in Mechanical Drawing to a limited
number of pupils.

* * * * *

NEW SCROLL SAW (Moyer's Pat.), with--out Post or Gate; uniform Tension;
no jarring or noise; executes better and faster than any other. Send for
a circular.

HAMPSON & COPELAND,

42 Cortlandt st., New York.

* * * * *

PERFECTLY RELIABLE.--Established 1863. Satisfaction Guaranteed. "Star
Spangled Banner." 75 cents a year.

* * * * *

THE WOODWARD STEAM-PUMP MANUFACTUBING COMPANY, Manufacturers of the
Woodward Pat. Improved Safety Steam Pump and Fire Engine, Steam, Water,
and Gas Fittings of all kinds. Also, Dealers in Wrought-iron Pipe,
Boiler Tubes, etc. Hotels, Churches, Factories, & Public Buildings,
Heated by Steam, Low Pressure. Woodward Building, 76 and 78 Center st.,
cor. of Worth st. (formerly of 77 Beekman st.), N.Y. All parties are
hereby cautioned against infringing the Pat. Bight of the above Pump. G.
M. WOODWABD, Pres't.

* * * * *

CAMDEN

Tool and Tube Works,

Camden, N. J. Manufacturers of Wrought Iron Tube. Brass Work and
Fittings, and all the most improved TOOLS for Screwing, Cutting, and
Fitting Pipe. Screwing Machines for Pipe, of five different sizes. Pipe
Tongs, Common and Adjustable; Pipe Cutters, Pipe Vises, Taps, Bearners,
Drills, Screwing Stocks, and Solid Dies. Peace's Patent Screwing Stocks,
with dies. No. I Screws 3/4, 3/8, 1/2, 3/4, Pipe. Price complete, $10. No. 2
Screws, 1, 11/4, 11/2, 2 Pipe, $20. No. 3 both screws and cuts off, 21/2, 3,
31/2, 4, $65.

* * * * *

TODD & RAFFERTY, Manufacturers and DEALERS IN MACHINERY.

Works, Paterson, N. J.; Warerooms, 10 Barclay St., N. Y Boilers, Steam
Pumps, Machinists' Tools. Also, Flax, Hemp, Rope, and Oakum Machinery,
Snow's and Judson's Governors, Wright's pat. Variable Cut-off & other
engines.

* * * * *

To Electro-Platers.

BATTERIES, CHEMICALS, AND MATERIALS, in sets or single, with books
of instruction, manufactured and sold by THOMAS HALL, Manufacturing
Electrician, 19 Bromfleld st., Boston, Mass. Illustrated catalogue sent
free on application.

* * * * *

PORTABLE STEAM ENGINES, combining the maximum of efficiency, durability
and economy, with the minimum of weight and price. They are widely and
favorably known, more than 750 being in use. All warranted satisfactory
or no sale. Descriptive circulars sent on application. Address

J C HOADLEY & CO Lawrence, Mass

* * * * *

BLIND-SLAT TENON MACHINE.--We have recently patented one of the above
Machines, which we GUARANTEE SUPERIOR to any machine of the kind in
use. Shall be pleased to furnish cuts and prices of this and any other
Wood-working Machinery. Address STEPTOE, McFABLAN & CO., Cincinnati,
Ohio.

* * * * *

FOR CUTS AND PRICES of Machinists' Tools, address STEPTOE, McFARLAN &
CO.,

Cincinnati, Ohio,

* * * * *

STEAM AND WATER GAGES, STEAM Whistles, Gage Cocks, and Engineers'
Supplies. 16 tf

JOHN ASHCROFT, 50 John St., New York.

* * * * *

H. BOARDMAN, Lancaster, Pa.--Superior Patent Cork-cutting Machinery,
Hard-laid Twine Cord, and Rope Machinery, with Pat. Stop & Condenser

* * * * *

WOODWORTH PLANERS a SPECIALTY--From new patterns of the most approved
style and workmanship. Wood-working Machinery generally. Nos. 24 and 26
Central, corner Union street, Worcester, Mass. Warerooms. 42 Cortlandt
street, New York.

WITHERBY, RUGG & RICHARDSON.

* * * * *

SILICATE OF SODA, IN ITS VARIOUS forms, manufactured as a specialty, by
Philadelphia Quartz Co., 783 South 2d St., Philadelpnia, Pa.

* * * * *

11-2 by 2 FEET IS THE superb new plate "Evangeline," given free to all
who send 75 cents for the "STAR SPANGLED BANNER," for 1870.

* * * * *

_Pevey's Cupola_,

WARRANTED to Melt, with, one tun of Coal, 2000 lbs. of Iron MORE than
any other Cupola now in use.

ABIEL PEVEY,

Patentee and Proprietor, Lowell, Mass. Van Tuyl & Co. No. 273 Cherry
st,. New York, Agents.

* * * * *

MERRICK & SONS

Southwark Foundery,

430 Washington Ave., Philadelphia, Pa.,

MANUFACTURE NASMYTH & DAVY

STEAM HAMMERS, CORNISH PUMPING, BLAST, HORIZONTAL, VERTICAL, AND
OSCILLATING ENGINES.

Gas Machinery of all descriptions.

Sugar Refineries fitted up complete, with all modern apparatus.

New York office

62 Broadway.

* * * * *

LECOUNT'S PATENT HOLLOW LATHE DOGS AND CLAMPS.--A set of 8 Dogs from 3/8
to 2-in., inclusive, $8. A set of 12 from 3/8 to 4-in., $17.30. Five
sizes Machinists' Clamps, from 2 to 6-in., inclusive, $11. Send for
Circular.

C.W. LECOUNT.

South Norwalk,

Conn.

[Illustration]

[Illustration]

* * * * *

MASON'S PAT'T FRICTION CLUTCHES are Manufactured by Volney W. Mason &
Co., Providence, R.I. Agents, R. BROOKS & CO., 123 Ave. D, New York.
TAPLIN RICE & CO. Akron, Ohio 16 tfeow

* * * * *

Molding Machinery.

THE MOST VALUABLE MACHINE FOR Planing Irregular and Straight Work in all
branches of Wood-Working, is the Combination Molding and Planing Machine
Co.'s "Variety Molding and Planing Machine." Our improved guards make it
safe to operate; our combination collars save one hundred per cent;
and for planing, molding, and cutting irregular forms, our Machine is
unsurpassed. The right to make and vend these Machines is owned solely
by us, and we will defend Purchasers in case litigation is forced upon
them by any parties pretending to own Patent on any part of our Variety
Machine. COMBINATION MOLDING AND PLANING MACHINE CO., 424 East 23d st.,
or Postoffice Box 3230 New York City. Silas M. Hamilton, Baltimore
Samuel Leggert, New York. 19 tfeow

* * * * *

Gear's Variety Moulding Machine,

WARRANTED THE BEST in THE WORLD FOR Moulding and Cutting Irregular
Forms, with Patent Improvements for Combination Cutters, and Patent
Guard to protect operator and material. Secured by six Patents. Deeds of
Right to use furnished with every Machine sold, to protect parties in
using them. Before purchasing Combination Moulding and Planing Machine
Co.'s or Grosvenor's Mongrel Infringing Machines, (which they and their
agents, in behalf of the Singer Sewing Machine Co., and the Central
Pacific R.R. Co., and others to whom they had sold Machines to be used
out of the State of New York, have been made to pay us for using) or
Ball's or Fay's infringing Machines, which users have had to pay us for
right to use. Address for particulars and Machines, Sole Owners and
Lawful Manufacturers for all the United States, except New York

A.S.& J. GEAR & CO.,

NEW HAVEN, CONN., or 91 Liberty Street, New York.

* * * * *

MACHINERY.--S.C. HILLS, No.12 Platt st., New York, dealer in all kinds
of Machinery and Machinists' supplies. 2 tf a

* * * * *

PLATINUM. H.M. RAYNOR 57 Bond st., N.Y.

* * * * *

AGENTS wanted everywhere. Brown's Pat. Double Cone Ventilating Damper
gives the most heat with the least fuel. Send tor Circulars.

O.R. BRIGGS & CO., 184 Washington st., N.Y

* * * * *

AMERICAN TINNED SHEET IRON.

Coating uniformly over the entire sheet, by an entirely new and patented
process. All sizes and gages on hand and made to order.

H. W. BUTTERWORTH & SON,

29 and 31 Haydock st., Philadelphia, Pa.

25 eow tt

* * * * *

Independent Steam

BOILER SUPPLY, OR _Feed Pump_.

RELIABLE FOR HOT OR COLD WATER.

[Illustration]

Circulars sent free.

COPE & CO.,

No. 118 East 2d st., Cincinnati, Ohio

* * * * *

BREECH-LOADING GUN.--

Probably superior to any in the market. Patent for sale. Address

T.L.,

Box 728 Postoffice, Derby, Conn,

* * * * *

CIRCULAR SAW MILLS, PLANERS Matchers, etc. Prices Low. S. HEALD & SONS
Barre, Mass., make the Largest and Best Planer to be found for the
money. Send for circulars.

* * * * *

SHINGLE AND HEADING MACHINE--Trevor & Co.'s Improved. The Simplest and
Best in use. Also, Shingle, Heading, and Stave Jointers, Stave Cutters,
Equalizers. Heading Turners, Planers, etc. Address TREVOR & CO,
Lockport, N. Y.

* * * * *

THE INVENTOR'S AND MECHANIC'S GUIDE.--A valuable book upon Mechanics,
Patents, and New Inventions. Containing the U. S. Patent Laws, Rules and
Directions for doing business at the Patent Office; 112 diagrams of
the best mechanical movements, with descriptions; the Condensing Steam
Engine, with engraving and description; How to Invent; How to Obtain
Patents; Hints upon the Value of Patents; How to sell Patents; Forms for
Assignments; Information upon the Rights of Inventors, Assignees and
Joint Owners; Instructions as to Interferences, Reissues, Extensions
Caveats, together with a great variety of useful information in regard
to patents, new inventions, and scientific subjects, with scientific
tables, and many illustrations 108 pages. This is a most valuable work.
Price only 25 cents. Address MUNN & CO., 37 Park Row, N.Y.

* * * * *

BALL, BLACK & CO.

Nos. 565 and 567 BROADWAY,

Offer an Unequaled Assortment of

JURGENSEN, NARDINE, JACOT, SALTZMAH, NICOUD, GERARD, FRODSHAM, PEARDON,
GORDING, RUGENSTEIN, HARRISON, TAYLOR.

ALSO, A FULL LINE OF AMERICAN WATCHES,

At the Lowest Price.

* * * * *

ROPER Carloric Engine Co., 49 Cortlandt st. New Style Upright Engines.
Send for Circular.

* * * * *

Perpetual Brick Kiln.

SAVES 2-3 IN FUEL. Address WEDEKIND & DUEBERG, 55 N. Calvert st.,
Baltimore, Md.

* * * * *

WANTED-To correspond with an extensive manufacturing firm of 1st-class
reliability, to make and sell, on royalty, Dodge's 2-way cock or pump
attachment. Exclusive control of territory given. 100,000 doz wanted in
U.S. Address Hedden & Dodge, Lowville, N.Y.

* * * * *

WANTED.--

In an Extensive Agricultural Implement Works in Ohio, an Experienced and
Capable Superintendent. None but a Through Machinist, who can give high
reference as to Character, etc., need apply. Address

Thrashing Machine Works, Drawer 5947, Chicago, Ill.

* * * * *

RIGGS' BELMONTYLE OIL

PREVENTS

Rust, Tarnish, etc. Send for circular to

H.B. Riggs,

150 Front Street, Hew York.

* * * * *

The Mother's Journal.

THE BEST HOME MAGAZINE IN THE WORLD.

Beautifully illustrated; 600 double-column pages; $2 per year. Specimens
sent free. Now is the time. Address

MOTHERS' JOURNAL, Chicago, 111.

* * * * *

DECISION ON STEAM ENGINES.--Wm. A. HARRIS, builder of the Corliss Steam
Engine, was awarded the 1st Premium at the National Fair of the American
Institute, New York,1869, for its superiority in economy in fuel,
regularity in speed, perfect construction, accessibility of all its
parts. Send for a circular. One 80-H.P. Engine, ready for delivery; one
40-H.P. Engine, ready for delivery; three 30-H.P. Engines, ready for
delivery. WM. A. HARRIS Providence R.I. New York Office 49 Murray st.
Send for a circular.

* * * * *

Manufacturers' Depot.

SPOKES, HUBS, WHEELS,

And a general assortment of Carriage and Wagon Wood work. The above
goods are of our own manufacture, which enables us to offer better
inducements than any other House in the city.

N.G. OLDS & SON,

51 Murray st., New York.

* * * * *

ROOT'S WROUGHT IRON SECTIONAL

Safety Boiler.

Composed of best Wrought Iron Tubes, tested to 500 pounds; no large
sheet iron, shell or thin cast iron to explode. Absolutely safe,
economical, durable, and efficient. Send for pamphlet. Also, Steam
Engines, Steam Pumps, etc.

ROOT STEAM ENGINE CO.,

95 and 97 Liberty St., New York.

* * * * *

FOR SALE--A 60-H.P. Root's Sectional Safety Boiler, at Atlantic Sugar
Refinery. Brooklyn. Apply to LABATT & CO., 111 Front st., New York.

* * * * *

POWER PLEDGED

Equal to any overshot, with

N.F. BURNHAM'S

New Turbine

Water Wheel.

Illustrated Pamphlet, for 1870, "with Reduced Price List," sent free
by N.F. BURNHAM, "Patentee," York, Pa., or S.N. Hartwell, "Ag't," 98
Liberty st., N.Y.

[Illustration]

* * * * *

The Woven Wire Mattress Co.

OF

HARTFORD, CONN.,

Call attention to the fact, that they have established AN AGENCY in
the City of NEW YORK, at 82 E. Ninth St., opposite the store of A. T.
Stewart & Co., for the sale of the

Woven Wire Mattress.

All who are interested in the article in this No. of the Scientific
American, all who admired its qualities at the American Institute Fair,
and all who desire A PERFECT BED, are requested to call at the Agency
and examine it. The Mattresses are for sale by many of the Furniture
Dealers in the city, and also throughout New England. If your furniture
dealer does NOT keep them, order one through him, at the Agency in
New York, or directly from the Co. Send for circulars, rights, or any
information desired, to GEO. C. PERKINS, Sup't, Hartford, Ct.

* * * * *

STEREOSCOPES

WITH ENDLESS CHAIN--To hold from 3 to 50 doz. pictures, in great
variety, at the Patentee's manufactory. ALX BECKER, 560 Broadway, N.Y.

* * * * *

TO INVENTORS AND MANUFACTURERS IN THE UNITED STATES--

Mr. George Wood, Wood's Museum and Menagerie, respectfully and earnestly
invites the attention of Inventors and Manufacturers to the fact that,
at a large expense, he has arranged a hall in the Museum Building, for
the purpose of exhibiting to the public Models, Machines, and all the
products of inventive genius in active working operation. The space
allotted for this purpose embraces 6,000 square feet, supplied with
Steam-power, Gas, and all the requirements of the Workshop, the Factory,
and the Laboratory, which will be kept open every day and evening, and
form a perpetual MECHANICS' FAIR, affording an opportunity to Inventors
and Mechanics to place their products before thousands of daily visitors
at a nominal tariff. Inventors and Mechanics are earnestly invited
to co-operate in this laudable and advantageous enterprise, and are
requested to call on or address MR. WALTER P. NEWHALL, Superintendent of
Machinery and Models. GEO. WOOD, Proprietor. Office at Wood's Museum,
corner Broadway and 30th st.

* * * * *

FRENCH BAND SAW MACHINES, SAWS, Taper Files, etc., Machines for Scroll,
Re-sawing, and Log; Mongin & Co.'s Band Saw Blades, all Sizes, on hand
and made to order.

All Styles of Band Saw Machines in operation at Mahogany Mill, 10th st.,
E.R.

GEORGE GUEUTAL,

Sole Agent for the U.S., 39 West 4th st., N.Y.

* * * * *

_Horsford's Bread Preparation_.

The only "baking powder" recommended by Scientific Men. Made under
personal supervision of Prof. Horsford, of Harvard University. Restores
to fine flour the Phosphates. Refer to S.H. Wales, Scientific American;
Dr. Fordyce Barker; Dr. John H. Griscom; Dr. Wm.A. Hammorid (late
Surgeon Gen. U.S. Army), Prof. R.O. Doremus, all of New York; Prof. J.C.
Booth, Prof. S.H. Dickson, Philadelphia, etc. Liebig & Horsiord's Essay
on Bread Making sent free.

WILSON, LOCKWOOD, EVERETT & CO.,

201 Fulton st., New York, General Agents.

* * * * *

STURDEVANT'S FAN BLOWERS,

_Pressure Blowers_,

THE BEST FOR ALL PURPOSES.

_Judson's Governors_.

THE ONLY RELIABLE.

JAS.L. HAVEN & CO., Cincinnati, Ohio,

Agents for the above standard, articles.

* * * * *

_Oak Leather Belting_.

Manufactured Dy CHAS. A. SCHIEREN, 92 Gold st., N.Y.

* * * * *

SCHLENKER'S PATENT

BOLT CUTTER

NEW INVENTION.

ADDRESS.

HOWARD IRON WORKS. BUFFALO. N.Y.

* * * * *

[Illustration]

Reynolds'

Turbine Water Wheels.

No Complex, Duplex, or Triplex complications. All such are costly,
perishable, easily clogged, inaccessible. Mill Gearing, Shafting, and
Pulleys. Send for Illustrated Pamphlet.

GEORGE TALLCOT,

96 Liberty st., New York.

* * * * *

STEAM ENGINES & BOILERS

From 4 to 500-H.P., including celebrated Corliss Patent Variable Cut-off
Engines, Slide Valve Stationary Engines, Portable Engines, etc. Also,
Circular Mulay, & Gang Saw Mills Sugar Cane Mills, Shafting, Pulleys,
etc. Wheat and Corn Mills, Circular Saws, Belting, etc. Send for
Circular and Price List.

WOOD & MANN

STEAM ENGINE CO.,

Utica, N.Y.

* * * * *

IRON PLANERS, ENGINE LATHES, Drills, and other Machinists' Tools, of
Superior Quality, on hand and finishing. For sale Low. For Description
and Price, address NEW HAVEN MANUFACTURING CO., New Haven, Conn. 5 tf os

* * * * *

Free.--Our New Catalogue of Improved STENCIL DIES. More than $200 A
MONTH is being made with them S.M. SPENCER & CO., Brattleboro Vt.

* * * * *

[Illustration: EMERSON'S PATENT

PERFORATED

CIRCULAR & LONGSAWS

REQUIRE NO GUMMING

FOR DESCRIPTIVE PAMPHLET

ADDRESS

AMERICAN SAW CO. N.Y.]

Factory, Trenton, N.J.... Office. No. 2 Jacob st., N.Y.

Branch Office for Pacific Coast, No. 606 Front st. San Francisco, Cal.

* * * * *

HOWLAND'S PAT. KNIFE SHARPENER.

[Illustration]

The best and most durable thing of the kind ever invented. Agents wanted
from all parts of the country. Sure sale. Every family wants one. Sample
of Porcelain sent on receipt of 75c.

F. TRAVER & CO.,

Agents,

14 Park Place,

New York.

* * * * *

Pratt's "Astral" Oil.

UNLIKE MANY OTHER ILLUMINATING OILS, the Astral Oil is perfectly pure
and free from all adulterations of any kind. It emits no offensive smell
while burning, gives a soft and brillant light, and can be used with
as little danger as gas. Chemists pronounce it the best and safest
Illuminating Oil ever offered to the public; and insurance companies
indorse and urge upon consumers the use of the "Astral" Oil in
preference to any other. Thousands are now burning it, and in no
instance has any accident occurred from its use. A lamp filled with it
upset and broken will not explode or take fire. To prevent adulteration,
the Astral Oil is packed only in the Guaranty Patent Cans, of 1 gallon
and 5 gallons each, and each can is sealed in a manner that cannot be
counterfeited Every package, with uncut seal, we warrant. The universal
testimony of consumers is that the "Astral" Oil is perfect; a single
trial serves to establish it in the family.

For sale by all dealers, and by wholesale and retail by the proprietors

Oil House of CHARLES PRATT.

P.O. Box, 3,050.

108 Fulton Street, New York.

Send for Circulars with testimonials and price list.

* * * * *

Building Paper.

This is a hard, compact paper, like an ordinary book cover, and is
saturated with tar and used on the outside of frame buildings, under the
clapboards, also under shingles and floors, to keep out damp and cold.
It is also used on the inside, not saturated, _instead of Plastering_,
and makes a warm and cheap wall. It costs only from $8 to $30 (according
to size) to cover houses on the outside. Samples and descriptive
circulars sent free.

Address, ROCK RIVER PAPER CO., Chicago,

Or B.E. HALE, 22 & 24 Frankfort Street, N.Y.,

Agent for the Eastern States.

* * * * *

CAUTION TO

BRASS COOK

MAKERS.

PLUMBERS, STEAM AND GAS FITTERS,

ARCHITECTS, BUILDERS, DEALERS IN BRASS GOODS,

And _ALL OTHERS_ against _MAKING, BUYING, SELLING_, or _USING_ any
INFRINGEMENT of our "PATENT RIGHT" for COMPRESSION BIBBS, FAUCET, COCKS,
or on any thing to which our Patent is applied.

We have already commenced LEGAL proceedings with the firm determination
to prosecute all and every violation of our rights to the fullest extent
of the law.

MESSRS. HAYDEN, GERE, & CO.,

84 Beekman st.

NEW YORK,

--AND--

DALTON & INGERSOLL, 19 Union st.

BOSTON,

Are our ONLY Authorized Selling Agents.

_E. STEBBINS

Manufacturing Co._,

SPRINGFIELD, MASS.

* * * * *

_Ahearn's Patents_.

PURCHASERS wanted for every State and County not yet sold. $1000 AND
EXPENSES can be made monthly on every $200 invested. For particulars,
address

J. AHEARN,

5 P.O. Avenue, Baltimore, Md.

* * * * *

PATTERN LETTERS

TO PUT ON PATTERNS FOR CASTINGS--.&.C.

KNIGHT BROS.

SENECA FALLS N.Y.

* * * * *

$20 A DAY TO MALE AND FEMALE Agents to introduce the BUCKEYE $20 SHUTTLE
SEWING MACHINES. Stitch alike on both sides, and is the only _LICENSED
SHUTTLE MACHINE_ sold in the United states for less than $40. All others
are infringements, and the seller and user are liable to prosecution and
imprisonment. Outfit free. Address

_W.A. HENDERSON & CO., Cleveland, Ohio._

* * * * *

2d-Hand Machinery

FOR SALE--viz:--

50 Milling Machines, Index and Universal Milling Machines, Horizontal
Milling and Drilling Machines, Drill Presses. Hand and Power Lathes,
Edging Machines, Drops and Punch Presses, Screw Machines, etc., etc.,
1000 feet of 1-3/16 Shafting, with Hangers and Pulleys, etc., etc., by

O.F. WINCHESTER,

New Haven, Conn.

* * * * *

SENT FREE!

M. O'KEEFE, SON & CO.'S

SEED CATALOGUE AND GUIDE TO THE FLOWER AND VEGETABLE GARDEN, FOR 1870.

Published in January. Every lover of flowers wishing this new and
valuable work, free of charge, should address immediately M. O'KEEFE,
SON & CO., Ellwanger & Barry's Block, Rochester, N.Y.

* * * * *

London

48 Cannon street.

H. KOHNSTAMM,

Manufacturer of ULTRAMARINE,

And Importer of English, French, and German Colors, Paints, and Artists'
Materials, Bronzes, and Metals. No. 3 Tryon Row, New York, opposite City
Hall

* * * * *

_WIRE HOPE_.

Manufactured by

JOHN A. ROEBLING'S SONS,

Trenton N.J.

FOR Inclined Planes, Standing Ship Rigging Bridges, Ferries, Stays or
Guys on Derricks & Cranes Tiller Ropes, Sash Cords of Copper and Iron,
Lightning Conductors of Copper. Special attention given to hoisting rope
of all kinds for Mines and Elevators. Apply for circular, giving price
and other information. Send for pamphlet on Transmission of Power by
Wire Ropes.

* * * * *

THE

_Tanite Emery Wheel_.

Does not Glaze, Gum, Heat, or Smell. Address

THE TANITE CO.,

Stroudsburg, Monroe Co., Pa.

* * * * *

GETTY'S PATENT PIPE CUTTER.

No. 1 cuts from 1 inch to 1/8........................Price $8
No. 2 cuts from 2 inches to 1/2........................Price $10

GETTY'S PATENT PROVING PUMP AND GAGE.
Pump and Gage.......................................Price $25
Gage alone..........................................Price $13

Address

McNAB & HARLIN,

MANUFACTURERS OF BRASS GOODS AND IRON FITTINGS,

86 John st., New York.

* * * * *

REPEATING FIRE-ARMS

FOR SALE, viz:--

5,000 Winchester Repeating Muskets.
5,000 " " Carbines.
5,000 " " Sporting Rifles.
2,000 Spencer " Muskets.
30,000 " " Carbines.
500 " " Sporting Rifles.
2,000 Joslyn Single Breech-loading Carbines.

Metallic Cartridges of all sizes, by

WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO.,

New Haven, Conn.

* * * * *

PAT. SOLID EMERY WHEELS AND OIL STONES, for Brass and Iron Work, Saw
Mills, and Edge Tools. Northampton Emery Wheel Co., Leeds. Mass.

* * * * *

KIDDER'S PASTILES--A Sure Relief for Asthma. STOWELL & CO., Charlestown,
Mass.

* * * * *

WELBY & McCAULEY,

PRACTICAL MECHANICS.--Mechanical Commission Depot No. 5, Harrison st.,
Baltimore, Md., Buy and Sell, on Commission, Improved Machinery, etc.,
etc. Negotiate Patent Rights, introduce New Inventions, practically.
Agents for manufacturers generally.

* * * * *

_The American Builder_

AND JOURNAL OF ART.--Terms $3.00 a year. Sent four months to trial
Subscribers on receipt of one dollar. Address

CHARLES D. LAKEY

Chicago, Ill.

* * * * *

_Cotton Seed Oil Mills_.

Built by Contractor otherwise. For Estimates and Machinery apply to Oil
Machinery Manufacturing Co. of N.Y. city, 96 Liberty st. P.O. Box 1183

* * * * *

HARRISON

SAFETY

BOILER

First-Class Medal World's Fair, London, 1862.

First-Class Medal, American Institute Fair, New York, October, 1869, for
safety, economy of space, and economy of fuel.

400-H.P. AT A.T. STEWART'S.

437-H.P. AT JERSEY CITY SUGAR REFINERY, and over 1,000 boilers in other
places.

Harrison Boiler Works, Philadelphia.

_John A. Coleman, Ag't_,

49 Murray St., N. Y., and 36 Kilby St., Boston.

* * * * *

_30-H. Corliss Engine_.

Also, Six Engines, from 15 to 30-Horse. Have been in use, but are in
good order. Cheap for cash. Address

CHAS. H. SMITH,

135 North 3d st., Philadelphia, Pa.

* * * * *

_Drawing Materials_.

WHATMAN'S PAPERS.--White and Yellow Roll Drawing Paper, 40 and 54 inches
wide Tracing Muslin, Tracing Paper. Muslin-backed Drawing Paper, 40 and
53 inches wide. Winsor & Newton's Colors India Ink. Faber's Drawing
Pencils, etc., etc. Priced catalogues 10 cents each.

JAS. W. QUEEN & CO.,

924 Chestnut st. Philadelphia.

* * * * *

SAWS. EVERY DESCIPTION

Guaranteed under a forfeiture of $1000, to cut the most lumber with the
least expense.

_Henry Disston & Son_,

PHILADELPHIA. Special attention paid to our new style Circular, Belt,
Cross-cut, Mill and Hack Saws. Orders received from England, Ireland,
and the Continent.

* * * * *

THE Scientific American FOR 1870

Cash Prize and Premium List

This Illustrated Weekly Journal of

Practical Information, Art, Science, Mechanics, Invention, Chemistry,
and Manufactures--Entered its Twenty-fifth Year on the 1st of January.

The SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN stands at the head of Industrial Journals of the
world in point of Circulation and Influence.

Every number has Sixteen Imperial pages, embellished with Engravings of
New Inventions, Machinery, Tools for the Workshop, House, and Farm, also
Public Buildings, Dwelling Houses, and Engineering Works.

The Illustrated Department of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN is a very striking
feature, and has elicited the praise of the Press and all articles
appearing in its columns are written in a popular and instructive style.

To Inventors and Mechanics the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN has special value and
interest, from the fact that it furnishes an Official List of Patents
issued, with copious notes of the principal American and European
Patents.

The Publishers offer the following

SCHEDULE OF CASH PRIZES.

For the fifteen largest lists of names sent in before February 10, 1870,
the following Cash Prizes will be given:

$300 FOR THE FIRST LIST.
250 " SECOND LIST.
200 " THIRD LIST.
150 " FOURTH LIST.
100 " FIFTH LIST.
90 " SIXTH LIST.
80 " SEVENTH LIST
70 " EIGHTH LIST.
60 " NINTH LIST.
50 " TENTH LIST.
40 " ELEVENTH LIST.
35 " TWELFTH LIST.
30 " THIRTEENTH LIST.
25 " FOURTEENTH LIST.
20 " FIFTEENTH LIST.

Competitors sending names should be particular to mark "Prize List" on
their orders, and remit the amount of subscription, as per terms. All
Clubs of 10 names and upward, will be taken at the rate of $2.50 per
annum.

To those who do not compete for the Cash Prizes the publishers offer
the Splendid Steel Engraving, in size 22x36, entitled "MEN OF
PROGRESS-AMERICAN INVENTORS." It contains the following group of
illustrious inventors, namely: Prof. Morse, Prof. Henry Thomas
Blanchard, Dr. Nott, Isaiah Jennings, Charles Goodyear, Jos. Saxton, Dr.
W. T. Morton, Erastus Bigelow, Henry Burden, Capt. John Ericsson, Elias
Howe, Jr., Col. Samuel Colt, Col. R. M. Hoe, Peter Cooper, Jordan L.
Mott, C. H. McCormick, James Bogardus, and Frederick E. Sickles. The
likenesses are all excellent, and Mr. Sartain, who stands at the head of
our American Engravers on Steel, in a letter addressed to us, says "that
it would cost $4,000 to engrave the plate now," which is a sufficient
guarantee of the very high character of the Engraving as a work of art.
Price of the Engraving, $10 for single copy. To enable all to possess
this beautiful work of art, at, a very reduced rate, the SCIENTIFIC
AMERICAN will be sent one year, together with a copy of the picture, on
receipt of $10

Any one sending
10 Names for 1 year, and $30, will receive one picture
20 " " 50, " " "
30 " " 75, " two pictures
40 " " 100, " three "
50 " " 125, " four "

Competitors for the above prizes can send in names at any time on or
before February 10th, and from any postoffice. For full particulars and
sample copies of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, address the Publishers.

Terms of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN: Single copy one year, $3.00; six
months, $1.50; and one dollar four months. To Clubs of ten and upward,
$2.50 each per annum.

MUNN & CO.,

37 Park Row, New York

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