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Scientific American, Vol. 17, No. 26 December 28, 1867 by Various

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Also making the screw spindle removable from the seat, substantially as
set forth.

71,968.--PLOW.--T.E.C. Brinly, Louisville, Ky.

I claim, 1st, The mode of attaching the beam, D, to the plows by a
socket, C, connected with the land side by braces, B B, substantially as
set forth.

2d, The combination of the socket, C, constructed with diagonal flanges,
C', the handles, and the beam, substantially as set forth.

71,969.--COMBINED SHOVEL AND SIFTER.--Stephen P. Brooks (assignor to
himself and Benjamin Woodward), Somerville, Mass.

I claim the within-described combined shovel and sifter, constructed and
operating substantially as set forth.

71,970.--SEAT AND DESK.--A.H. Brown, May's Landing, N.J.

I claim the hinged brace, J, passing through the guides, M, upon the
inside of the ends, B, of the seat and hinged to the outer edge of the
folding desk, H, all arranged as described whereby the gravity of the
brace, J, as the desk is raised causes the L-shaped notch, L, to fit and
catch in the guide, M, to hold the said desk raised, for the purpose
specified.

71,971.--GRAIN FORK.--E G. Bullis, Manchester, Iowa, assignor to Charles
J. Riggs, same place, and said Riggs assignor to D E. Lyon, Dubuque,
Iowa.

I claim, 1st, The combination of a band-cutting device with a pitching
fork, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2d, The combination of the rearwardly-extended parts of the tines, C,
the cross head, B, grooved bars, E, sliding cutter, F, and springs, L,
with each other, substantially as herein shown and described and for the
purpose set forth.

3d, The combination of the pivoted or jointed bars, G H I, with
the sliding cutter, F, shank, J, of the fork head and handle, A,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.

71,972.--SEED PLANTER.--Matthew S. Burdick. Milton, Wis., assignor for
himself and John M. May.

I claim, 1st, Thumb screw, I, in combination with part, H, and seed cup
bar, D, when constructed, connected together and used substantially as
and for the purposes described.

3d, Seed-cup bar, E, or its equivalent, when combined with seed-cup bar,
D, in the same planting machine so that corn and pumpkin seed and other
flat seeds, as squash and melon seeds, may be planted at one operation,
substantially as described.

3d, Spring, O, or its equivalent, attached to and combined with seed-cup
bar, E, substantially as and for the purposes described.

4th, Jaws or points, F and G, provided with partitions, h and h, for the
purpose of dividing the seed, when used in combination with parts, A and
A' B and E and N, substantially as described.

5th, A general arrangement and combination of legs or bars, A and A',
hoppers, B and C, seed-cup bars, D and E, covering, N, and jaws, F and
G, when constructed, connected together and used substantially as and
for the purposes described.

71,973.--PULLEY BLOCK.--John A. Burnap, Albany, N. Y.

I claim the arrangement of the frame, E, and pulley, F, through the eye
of which is inserted the frame, A, having a series of rollers, a a, the
whole constructed and used substantially as specified.

71,974.--SADIRON.--Jesse S. Butterfield and Joseph A. Reed,
Philadelphia, Pa.

We claim, 1st, The steadying, pin, d", in combination with the sectors,
d"' d"', on the guard-plate, d', the said parts being constructed and
arranged to operate in connection with the planes, a"' a"', on the
projection, a', substantially as and for the purpose described.

2d, The projection, a', on the base, A B, with its two opposite sectors
or inclined planes, a" a", constructed and arranged to receive and
hold down the inward ends, c" c", of the feet of the handle, C D,
substantially as described and set forth.

3d, The projecting ends, c" c", of the handle, C D, constructed and
arranged to operate in combination with the spaces, b' b', and planes,
a" a", substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,975.--PRUNING SHEAR.--Seth P. Carpenter, Milford, Mass.

I claim the new or improved manufacture of pruning shears, as
hereinbefore described, that is, as composed of the blades, a b, the
lever, C, the long shank, B, the lever, D, the open handles, C C', the
arm, f, and the rod, g, arranged and combined in manner, and for the
purpose, and to operate substantially as specified.

71,976.--WASHSTAND AND CLOTHES DRYER.--Frances H. Carrier, Bridgeport,
Conn.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the clothes drying apparatus with the
washbasin, when they are constructed, arranged, and fitted for use
substantially as herein described and set forth.

2d, The combination of the cups, b c d, or their equivalents, with the
wash basin, when they are constructed, arranged, and fitted for use as a
toilet apparatus, substantially as herein described and set forth.

71,977.--SPICE CASE.--John T. Carter and John Park. Lowell Mass.

We claim, 1st, The cups or boxes, c c, when arranged to operate
substantially as described, and for the purposes fully set forth.

2d, The springs, k k, in combination with the cups or boxes, c c, for
the purpose described and set forth.

3d, The combination and arrangement of the case, a, with its feet, d d
d, handle, e, loop, f, and shelves, b b b b, cups or boxes, c c, and
spring, k k, all for the purposes substantially as described and set
forth.

71,978.--APPARATUS FOR PAINTING OR GRAINING PAILS, ETC.--Jonathan
Carter, Winchendon, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the flexible painting or die printing
roll with the supplying roller, for painting, graining, ornamenting
pails, or other tapering articles.

2d, The mechanism for holding and revolving the pail, when mounted on a
bench or table, in combination with the movable printing or die roll,
operating substantially in the manner as and for the purposes set forth.

3d, Casting graining or other ornamental configurations on conical rolls
so as to form a continuous body, for the purposes herein described.

4th, Making die or printing conical rolls in sections, and securing
them to the staves so as to change their position for making a greater
variety of ornamental designs for graining and ornamenting hollow ware,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

5th, Applying a smooth coat or body of paint or varnish with a flexible
roller to pails, tubs, or other articles of hollow ware, substantially
in the manner herein set forth.

71,979.--SAWYERS' RULE.--Thos. Carter, Louisville, Ky.

I claim, 1st, A scale so constructed and adjusted that any two of the
three quantities of the thickness of the planks, the diameter of the
log, and the number of the planks cut or to be cut from the log being
given, the third of said quantities is read off from the scale in the
manner substantially as above set forth and described.

2d, A scale exhibiting the number of turns to be given to the screws of
the log carriage for cutting plank or boards of any desired thickness.

71,980.--CAST METAL CASE FOR SPRING BALANCE.--John Chatillon, New York
city.

I claim a cast metal case for spring balances, when provided with a
perforated or slotted upper head for the reception to the pin, b,
and when made substantially as and for the purpose herein shown and
described.

71,981.--VACUUM GRAIN DRYER.--Geo. Clark, Buffalo, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, the three essential features or parts: the air tight
grain chamber, the radiations heating pipes or floors, and the
vacuum-producing apparatus, combined and operating substantially as
herein set forth.

2d, the arrangement of the steam heating pipes within the grain chamber,
substantially as set forth.

3d, The graduated gage vessel, H, arranged as and for the purpose set
forth.

71,982.--DOOH LATCH.--Francis Clymer, Galion, Ohio.

I claim the mode of attaching a combined latch and hasp, B, and staple,
F, to doors, by means of slots, I and H, so as to permit the adjustment
of the same substantially as set forth.

71,983.--CLAMP.--Geo. H. Coo and Geo. H. Snow, New Haven, Conn.

We claim the herein described clamp, consisting of the head, C, upon one
arm of the body, [Transcribers note: illegible letter], the opposite
arm, provided with a corresponding foot, and the said head having
arranged therein levers, D, and combined with a screw, B, so as to
operate to clamp between the screw and the foot, substantially as set
forth.

71,984.--BOAT DETACHING TACKLE.--David L. Cohen, Pensacola. Fla.

I claim the combination of the notched bars, a a, with the grooved
blocks, B B, the sliding blocks, C, pitman, D D', and lever, F,
substantially as and for the purpose described.

71,985.--APPARATUS FOR ELEVATING WATER.--J.R. Cole, Keaton Station,
Tenn.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the chamber, F, provided with the short
pipes, p p', and the pipes, p", with the pumps, G H, and the chambers, C
D E, substantially as and for the purposes described.

2d, The combination and arrangement, for the purpose described, of the
chambers, C D E F, pipes, p p' p", P P' P", and pumps, G H, the latter
working alternately, so as to maintain a constant pressure upon the
water in the chambers, substantially in the manner specified.

71,986.--TACK HAMMER.--Thomas A. Conklin, New Britain. Conn.

I claim, as a new article of manufacture, a tack hammer, constructed
in the manner and With the characteristics herein specified, for the
purposes set forth.

71,987.--FLOOR CLAMP.--Wm. Conner and C. W. Mitchell, Wilmington, Del.

We claim the combination of the frame, a, with the screws, b and d d,
with the wedge blocks, e e, wedges, f f, and plates i i, constructed and
arranged, as herein described, to operate as a clamp for clamping ship
timber, flooring, and other carpenters' work.

71,988.--BUTTON.--Geo. Cooke, Winchester, Mass.

I claim a button or stud, its shank attached by means of a disk formed
concave, and subsequently compressed, substantially as described.

71,989.--HARVESTER.--Francis C. Coppage, Terre Haute, Ind.

I claim 1st, The combination of the double or alternate step wheel, E,
having the inclined steps, e e e, with the two stepping-dogs, D D',
and the springs, x x, when the said parts are constructed and arrange
substantially in the manner and for the purposes described.

2d, The combination and arrangement of the adjusting rod, n o", with the
cylindrical sleeve, O', the sleeve or slide, O"', the post, P, and the
reel, O"', in such a manner that while the post P, supports the reel,
the elevation of the latter is adjusted by the compound rod, n o",
substantially as and for the purposes specified.

3d, The rod, H, having the crank, h, and the worm, h', in combination
with the worm segment, i, the shaft, I, the winding arm or segment, i',
and the chain, K, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

71,990.--MACHINE FOR STRETCHING CLOTH.--A.C. Corpe, Stafford, Conn.

I claim, 1st, The two gear clamps, B B, composed each of two wheels, a
a', one placed above the other, and the upper wheels arranged so as to
be capable of adjustment, both vertically and laterally, substantially
as shown and described.

2d, The arrangement of gearing, as shown, in connection with the gear
clamps, B B, and roller, C, whereby an equal movement of the clamps is
insured, substantially as shown and described.

3d, The supplemental frame, E, provided with the roller, D, upon which
the cloth is wound, in connection with the gearing, k u, clutch, o,
driving pulley, m, and shaft, l, all arranged substantially as shown and
described.

71,991.--ROLLER FOR DRESSING.--Benjamin R. Cotton, Lewiston, Me.

I claim as an improved dresser roll, a stone roll covered with the
surfacing metal, or metal composition, substantially as set forth.

Also, the method of surfacing a roll by placing around or over a central
roll a metal frame as a base upon which to cement the surface metal, and
the surfacing such frame, substantially as set forth.

71,992.--WAGON LOCK.--James A. Counts, Indianapolis, Iowa. I claim the
catch, g, the bands, h h, the spring, the bar, e, lever, k, for the
purposes set forth and described.

71,993.--HAME TUG.--Jas. C. Covert, Townsendville, N. Y.

I claim, 1st, The metallic hames tug, A, provided with the V-shaped
openings, C, having inclined sides, and the tongues, D, adapted to
receive the V-shaped block, O, formed upon the block, N, of the trace
strap and block, O, held in place by means of the pin upon the spring
lever stop, Q, fitting in the groove, P, in the end of tongue, D, of the
hame tug, as herein described for the purpose specified.

2d, The hame clip, fastened by bolts to the hame tug, substantially as
herein described and for the purpose specified.

3d, The block, N, upon the trace strap, when provided with the V-shaped
block, C, and the spring lever, Q, as herein described for the purpose
specified.

71,994.--HARVESTER RAKE.--James. S. Crump, Williamsburg, Mo.

I claim, 1st, The curved eccentric arm, I, applied to the rock shaft, E,
and operated in the manner and for the purpose described.

2d, The swinging lever, M, or its equivalent, in combination with the
curved eccentric arm for operating the platform, as described.

3d, The arrangement of one or more springs in combination with the
curved eccentric arm, I, for the purpose set forth.

4th, The manner of adjusting the hight of the swinging platform upon the
supporting arms and uprights, as described.

5th, The adjustable cant or deflecting boards, C, in combination with
the swinging platform, as described.

71,995.--WASHING MACHINE.--S.W. Curtiss, Sugar Grove, Pa.

I claim an improved washing machine, consisting box, A, provided with
blocks, H, and roller, E, the hinged frame, B, having rollers, C D,
and handle, G, all constructed, arranged and operating as and for the
purpose set forth.

71,998.--MACHINE FOR FORMING HAT BODIES.--Francis Degen, Newark. N.J.

I claim, 1st, A hat body formed partly of common and partly of fine
stock, by first blowing on the cone a belt of fine stock, then over the
whole cone a quantity of common stock, and finally a quantity of fine
stock, substantially as set forth.

2d, The close fitting cap, B, in combination with the perforated cone,
A, of a machine for forming hat bodies, substantially as and for the
purpose described.

3d, The slide, D, in combination with the trunk, C, cap, B, and
perforated cone, A, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

71,997.--MAIL-BAG FASTENER.--S. Denison, Portlandville, N.Y.

I claim the hooks, C, constructed substantially as herein shown and
described, in combination with the straps, D and F, with the bag, B, and
staples, A, as and for the purpose set forth.

71,998.--SAWBUCK.--Henry J. Dill, Cummington, Mass.

I claim the clamps, D, the treadle, E', the arms, E, springs, F', and
rods, F, constructed, arranged, and operating, in combination with the
stationary part, A, substantially as shown and described for the purpose
set forth.

71,999.--CARRIAGE FOR ROCK DRILL.--Thomas Doane, Boston, Mass. I claim
the arrangement of the round bars, E F G and H, of a rock drill carriage
into a frame, for the reception of rock drilling machines which shall be
able to reach therefrom any point where it is desirable to bore a hole,
substantially as and for the purpose described.

2d, The position of the horizontal round bars, E and F, under an acute
(more or less) angle, d, to the side frame of a rock drill carriage, or
to the alignment of the tunnel, substantially as and for the purpose set
forth.

3d, The construction of a rock drill carriage for driving a tunnel or
mine so as to swing in a vertical direction on the forward wheels and
axle, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

72,000.--RAILWAY CHAIR.--John H. Downing, Salem, Mass.

I claim the single-headed chair, A, in combination with a sectional
railroad rail, arranged as and for the purpose shown and described.

72,001.--ROTARY PUMP.--John Doyle, Hoboken, N. J., and Timothy A.
Martin, New York city.

We claim the two drums, A C, placed concentrically one within the other,
the chamber, D, air passages, E E', valves, F G, and tubular journals,
B B', all arranged and combined to operate in connection with water or
other liquid placed in the space or spaces between the two drums, A C,
substantially in the manner as and for the purpose specified.

72,002.--GRINDING MILL.--James F. Drummond, New York city.

I claim the tubular inlet-journal, b, having its interior contracted
around the feed pipe at one point, and thence flaring toward the
cylinder and the blast pipe, substantially as and for the purpose
specified.

72,003.--PIVOT GEARING.--Joseph J. Duchesne, Lacon, Ill.

I claim the circular bed plate, A, in combination with the pinion
plate, B, and coupling plate, C, secured by the set screw, S, the whole
arranged and operating substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

72,004.--CULTIVATOR.--William Duffner, Petersburg, Ind.

I claim the cultivator composed of the elements, A B B' C D E F H I J N,
and the device for regulating the depth of the shovels, composed of the
elements, G K L M P, constructed and arranged as set forth.

72,005.--WOVEN FABRIC.--J. Renshaw, East Greenwhich, R.I.

I claim the fabric, herein described, as a new article of manufacture.

72,006.--HORSE RAKE.--Edward A. Field, Sidney, Me.

I claim, 1st, The application of each tooth, E, to its arm, D, by means
of a round tenon arranged at an obtuse angle with the axis of the tooth,
and going into the arm, the same being substantially as and for the
purpose described.

2d, Also, the combination as well as the arrangement of the adjustable
brace d, and the staple or clasping wire, f, with the arm and the tooth,
when applid by means substantially as specified, viz., a cylindrical
tenon arranged at an obtuse angle with the axis of the tooth, and going
into a corresponding hole made in the arm.

3d, Also, the combination of the damping screw, h, with the arm, and the
tooth applied to such arm by a tenon arranged at an obtuse angle with
the axis of the tooth as specified.

4th, Also, the arrangement of the rope, or its equivalent, with the
several arms and their teeth, and the braces thereof, the said rope
being to operate as and for the purpose specified.

72,007.--PUNCH FOR FORMING CLASP.--Charles D. Flesche, New York city.

I claim the sliding punch, B, in combination with the plates, A A',
cutters, b b, an spring, e, substantially as and for the purpose herein
shown and described.

72,008.--SELF-FASTENING SPRING FOR WEBBING.--John Flinn, Philadelphia,
Pa., assignor to Archer Steel, same place.

I claim a spiral spring, for webbing, having the wire at one end of the
spiral coils, A A, bent in the manner described and shown by B C D E,
for the purpose specified.

72,009.--CARVING KNIFE AND FORK HOLDER.--Alden T. Foster, Albany, N.Y.

I claim, as an article of manufacture, the dish or stand, A, constructed
substantially as described, with notches, a a and c c, as and for the
purpose set forth.

72,010.--LAMP CHIMNEY.--Sam'l W. Fowler, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim the construction of the glass chimney, with its concave and
convex deflectors, J and E, on each side, and collar, B, beneath, with
its projections, C C, as herein described and for the purposes set
forth.

72,011.--CARTRIDGE BOX.--William Freeborn, Tivoli, N.Y.

I claim the square box, A, made of leather or any suitable material,
when constructed with a series of round, fluted, or ruffled holders,
B, on the inside, made of any firm or flexible material, a series of
holders, B, being attached to each flap, C, in front, and the flaps
buttoning to the sides of the box, A, as herein described and for the
purpose set forth.

72,012.--DEVICE FOR HITCHING HORSES.--Samuel Galbraith, New Orleans, La.

I claim the device above described, consisting of the rings, A and B,
and the pivoted curved jaws, C C, meeting at one extremity at e' e',
and connected at the other by means of the rods, r r, and springs, s,
working in the tube, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

72,013.--CAPPING SCREWS.--J. Gardner, New Haven, Conn.

I claim, 1st, Cutting away or depressing the cap at the point where it
meets the nick in the screw head, substantially as described, so that
such cut away or depressed portion, while connected with and forming
part of the cap shall lie within outline the nick in the screw head, as
set forth.

2d, A capped screw in which the slot or depression in the cap
corresponding to the nick in the screw head is forced, substantially in
the manner and for the purposes herein shown and described.

72,014.--TIGHT AND LOOSE PULLEY.--Joseph P. Gates, Lincoln, Ill.

I claim the construction of the pulley, e, in two sections, with the
arrangement and combination of the ram spring, F, the rebound guard, G,
the stop flange, I, the case dog, J, and spring, K, the case dog ram,
L, the shuttle key, P, and stands, Z, and arm, b, with cam, a, when
constructed, arranged, and operated as herein described and for the
purposes set forth.

72,015.--BRICK MACHINE.--Samuel Gissinger, Allegheny City, Pa.

I claim, 1st, The device for moving the mold on to the roller way, G,
consisting of the arm, l, held by a spring, m', lever, m, pin, n, on the
gear wheel, o, and block, j, moving in the slot, h, substantially as
described.

2d, The device for moving the molds under the hopper, consisting of the
gear wheel, p, operated by the gear wheel, c, arm, k', and block, k,
moving the slot, l, substantially as described.

3d, In combination with the above, the gear wheel, o, shaft, B, grinding
knives, C, stationary knives, D, and fillers, F, in the hopper, A,
substantially as and for the purposes described.

4th, The roller way, O, provided with openings and rollers, g and g',
substantially as and for the purposes described.

72,016.--HARVESTER RAKE.--James H. Glass and Albert J Glass, McGregor,
Iowa.

We claim, 1st, The combination of the wheel, L, with the rake wheel, A
and arms, C, substantially as herein shown and described and for the
purpose set forth.

2d, The combination of the cam, O, and bent or crooked lever, M,
with the shaft N, of the gear wheel, L, and with the arm, I, rigidly
connected with the switch, F, substantially as herein shown and
described and for the purpose set forth.

72,017.--METHOD OF MOLDING PLASTIC MATERIAL.--Wm. B, Gleason, Boston,
Mass.

I claim the process substantially as and for the purposes specified.

72,018.--HAND CULTIVATOR.--Wm. C. Goodwin, Hampden, Conn.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the frame, C, with frame, G, and the
set screws, x and y, and binding screw, f, when they are constructed,
arranged, and fitted for adjusting the blades, substantially as herein
described and set, forth.

2d, The combination of the blade with the foot and shank, when the foot
is made with a keel, like v, to guide the blade and strengthen the
shank, substantially as herein described and set forth.

3d, The combination of the handle, D, with the frame, G, when the handle
is made adjustable by means of the tongue, h, and set screw, j, and the
whole is constructed, combined, and fitted for use substantially as
herein described and set forth.

72,019.--APPARATUS FOR MAKING DIPPED CANDLES.--Peter R. Gottstein,
Houghton, Mich.

I claim, 1st, The combination and arrangement, substantially as
described, of the weighted cistern, B, car, A, and straps, C, for the
purpose set forth.

2d, The combination of the cistern, B, car, A, and track, I,
substantially as and for the purpose described.

3d, The combination and arrangement of the slab or board, J, with the
weighted cistern, B, substantially as and for the purpose described.

4th, The new process of producing dipped candles by raising the molten
tallow or other liquid to the wicks, substantially as described.

72,020.--CORN SHELLER.--Joseph Gould, Grinnell, Iowa.

I claim the roller, C, having its teeth placed upon its face in
the manner herein described, and placed within the box between the
stationary board, b, and adjustable board, F, by means of its curved
springs or oblong slot, when used in combination with metallic inclined
plane, E, and hopper, B, with false bottom, as herein set forth.

72,021.--KNIFE CLEANER.--Lewis Goulding, Medfield, assignor to himself
and James E. Carpenter, Foxborough, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The combination in an implement for scouring knives, of
the bar, B, with its adjustable pad, g, arranged for operation as and
for the purposes herein shown and described.

2d, Also in combination with the board or tablet, A, the bar, B,
provided with the scouring pad, g, and pivoted to such board, and
operating with its upper surface, or upon an inclined bed formed
thereon, essentially as herein set forth and explained.

3d, Also the combination with the bar, B, and its pad, of the knife
bed and the enclosure for holding and receiving the scouring material,
arranged relatively to each other and to the bar, B, as herein shown and
set forth.

72,022.--FENCE POST.--David M. Graham, Evansville, Ind.

I claim, 1st, The construction of double portable fence posts, attached
by metallic bevel clasps, with flanges, slots, and tongues, and secured
by keys, substantially in the manner and for the purposes as herein
described and shown.

2d, The adjustable anchors or braces attached by metallic eyes and key,
and the combination of the feet of the posts and base, substantially in
the manner and for the purposes as herein described.

72,023.--STEAM GAGE.--Albert S. Greene (assignor to John F. Olmsted),
Washington, D.C.

I claim, 1st, The construction of a steam gage with two columns
of mercury, A and F, communicating with each other at their lower
extremities by means of the flexible diaphragms, c and d. and the solid
double-headed lifter C, substantially in the manner and for the purpose
as herein set forth.

2d, The solid double headed lifter, C, in combination with the flexible
diaphragms, c and d, and the primary and secondary reservoirs,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose as herein set forth.

3d, The transmission of the pressure of steam from one column to the
other by means of a solid double headed lifter, in combination with the
flexible diaphragms, c and d, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose as herein set forth.

4th, Providing the primary reservoir, I, with the screw plunger, H,
substantially in the manner and for the purpose as herein set forth.

72,024.--MACHINE FOR WALL BUILDING AND STUMP EXTRACTING.--Thomas S.
Greenman, Mystic Bridge, assignor to George W. Packer, Jr., Mystic
River, Conn.

I claim, 1st, The within described novel construction of a truss for a
wall building machine, the same consisting in the pyramidal framing, A B
B, the horizontal timbers, D D, uprights. E F, holding-down bolts G J,
and inclined braces, I H, combined and arranged substantially as and for
the purpose herein set forth.

2d, Also in such truss firmly securing the timbers, D D, to the
pyramidal framing, A B B, by enlarging and bolting, or equivalent
fastenings, at the points of contact, in addition to the truss work
before described, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

3d, Also the diagonal arrangement of the holding-down bolts, G, at the
front of my truss, the same being arranged relatively to the timbers, D,
triangular frame, A B B, and their several connections, substantially in
the manner and for the purpose herein set forth.

72,025.--WINDOW SCREEN.--A.W. Griffith, Roxbury, Mass.

I claim the roller cover, E, in combination with the removable screen,
D, spring roller, C, sash, A, and window frame, as herein described for
the purpose specified.

72,026.--FERTILIZER.--Wm.C. Grimes, Ladiesburg, Md.

I claim forming a fertilizer in the manner herein described, of the
ingredients and proportions substantially as specified.

72,027.--CULTIVATOR.--John Gross and John C. Tunison, Decatur, Ill.

We claim, 1st, the arrangement and combined action of the two frames, so
that when any permanent obstruction comes against any of the plows the
frames will disconnect, and the back frame ride or move up on the front
one and thus avoid breakage, substantially as described.

2d, Also a frictional spring hook upon the tongue or tongue frame, for
catching or holding upon a cross bar of the rear frame so that the two
frames will not disconnect until the pressure upon the plow or plows
exceeds that for which the hook has been adjusted, substantially as
described.

72,028.--HOSE SHIELD.--John A. Hasse, Philadelphia, Pa.

I claim the combination of the floor or footway, C, with the side
pieces, b b, of a sectional hose bridge, constructed substantially as
described.

72,029.--SKY ROCKET.--John W. Hadfield, Newtown, N.Y.

I claim the application of detachable wings to a sky rocket, through the
medium of a collar or band, arranged so that the wings may be detached
from the collar or band, or the latter detached from the rocket,
substantially as shown and described.

72,030.--SKY ROCKET.--John W. Hadfield, East Williamsburg, N.Y.

I claim the attachment to a sky rocket of three or more sticks, at equal
distances apart, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set
forth.

72,031.--MACHINE FOR REFITTING CONICAL VALVE.--Chas. F. Hall, Brooklyn,
N.Y.

I claim, last, A milling tool with one or more cutters attached to one
or more arms or longitudinal sections of a cone, whether straight
or oblique, whereby conical valves of different sizes may refitted,
constructed substantially as shown and described.

2d, In combination therewith, the yielding center, C, substantially as
described.

72,032.--COLLECTING OXIDE OF ZINC.--Geo.C. Hall, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, A building, structure, or compartment, A, provided with
openings, a, covered by screens, B, substantially as and for the purpose
set forth,

2d, A screen for separating the oxide of zinc from the fumes and gases
of burning zinc ore, composed of ground cork, hair, wool, sponge, or
other suitable or similar material, confined within a suitable chamber,
substantially as set forth.

72,033.--REGISTER FOR ODOMETERS.--Henry F. Hart, New York City.

I claim the arrangement in an inclined position of the counting wheels,
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, upon shafts of equal lengths, in combination with
the notched and perforated lid, B, as herein shown and described.

72,034.--NECKTIE.--Wm.H. Hart, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa.

I claim a bow or tie, A, having an elastic loop or cord, B, arranged
horizontally at its rear, with both of its ends free, for the purpose
substantially as described.

72,035.--ELLIPTIC CARRIAGE SPRING.--Horace R. Hawkins, Akron. Ohio.

I claim an elliptical carriage spring composed of a single piece, F, or
two separate pieces, E E, of steel, united by means of blocks and bolts,
substantially as herein shown and specified.

72,038.--HATCH-LINING DRAWINGS.--E.K. Haynes, Hanover, N.H.

I claim a straight-edge or scale having a mechanism for effecting an
intermittent movement of the same, substantially as described.

Also in combination therewith the tongue, q, tor angular lining,
substantially as described.

Also in combination with the feed mechanism, a mechanism for presenting
the straight edge in positions radiating from a center, substantially as
set forth.

72,037.--PLATFORM SCALE.--D. Hazzard, Milton, Del.

I claim the Hollow stand, A, the spindle, C, the springs, D, the
elastic rod, G, and the graduated plate, H, in combination and arranged
substantially as shown and described tor the purposes set forth.

72,038.--PIANO LOCK.--Adam Helmstaedter, Newark, N.J.

I claim the pin, a, secured in the oscillating hook, C, and catching in
a slot in the hook, C', substantially as and tor the purpose described.

72,039.--TWEER.--John B. Himberg, Frederick City, Md.

I claim a tweer consisting of the box, A, annular cover, C, with a
convex under side, and of the removable ring, E, from which the concave
plate, F, is suspended, all made and operating substantially as herein
shown and described.

72,040.--LAMP FOR BURNING PETROLEUM.--James Hinks and Joseph Hinks,
Birmingham, England.

We claim, 1st, Constructing the burners of the said lamps substantially
in the manner hereinbefore described and illustrated in figs. 1, 2,
3, 4, 5, and 6, of the accompanying drawings, that is to say, the
combination in the same burner, of two or more flat or curved wick cases
or holders, in which two or more flat wicks are placed, so as to produce
thereby two or more flat flames or elliptical of nearly circular flames.

2d, Constructing and arranging the shade holders or galleries of the
said lamps for the purpose of admitting air to the flames, substantially
in the manner hereinbefore described, and illustrated in figs. 7, 11, 12
13 and 14, of the accompanying drawings.

3d, Supporting the shade holders or galleries in a vase, or cup on the
top of the pillar of the lamp, and supplying air to the lamp through
the said pillar or vase, or supporting them in a cup or vase without
a pillar, the air in this case being supplied through the vase,
substantially in the manner hereinbefore described, and illustrated in
fig. 7 of the accompanying drawings.

4th, The improvement described and illustrated in figs. 11, 12, 13, and
14, of the accompanying drawings, for isolating the shade from the shade
holder or gallery.

5th, The arrangement or combination of the parts of punkah-protectors or
wind protectors, substantially in the manner hereinbefore described, and
illustrated in figs. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, and 16, of the accompanying
drawings.

72,041.--DEVICE FOR LASHING AND BINDING.--John M. Hirlinger, Red Rock,
Pa.

I claim the cord, A, provided with the links, B and C, hooked lever, D,
and slide, E, with its ring, a, arranged and used as and for the purpose
set forth.

72,042.--TOOL FOR OPENING FRUIT CANS.--Horace Holt, New York city.

I claim, 1st, A tool for opening sheet metal cans, composed of a hand
lever, B, carrying a tooth, c, and connected to tongs, A, or other
equivalent means, capable of clamping said tooth-carrying lever to the
can, as set forth.

2d, Placing the tooth, c, in an oblique direction, when the same is
used in combination with the hand lever, B, and clamping device A,
substantially as and for the purpose described.

3d, The raised bearing, d, in combination with the lever, B, and
clamping device, A, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

72,043.--MOP WRINGER.--Zadok Howe, Lowell, Mich.

I claim the treadle, G, and spring bail, E, in combination with the
rollers, B and C, the same being used as and for the purpose specified.

72,044.--MACHINE FOR MAKING EYELETS.--David K. Hoxsie, Providence, R.I.

I claim the combination of the eyelet forming punch, C, the eyelet
forming die, e, and the punch, G, arranged and operating substantially
as herein described, for the purpose set forth.

Also, in combination with the eyelet forming punch, J, and cutting
punch, H, as described, the spring or snapper, g, arranged and operating
substantially as described, for the purpose specified.

72,045.--RAILWAY SLEEPING CAR.--George W. Hunt, Hopkinton, Mass.

I claim the construction and arrangement of the backs of car seats, by
which the whole of some of the backs, and parts of others, are formed
into berths, in connection with adjacent seats, substantially as
described.

Also, the combination of the leaves, n, p, and q, hinged as shown, and
to fold together, for a day car, or to be extended and made into a berth
for a night car, substantially as described.

72,046.--HARVESTER.--George M. Jackson, North Hector, N.Y.

I claim the arrangement and combination of the toothed wheels, S and
T, crank, U, box, W, of the hinged frame, V, adjustable finger bar, J,
hoisting rope or chain, Y, and lever, Z, when constructed and operated
as herein described and for the purposes set forth.

72,047.--REVERSIBLE SADIRON.--S.M. Johnson, Lockport, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The combination, with a reversible sadiron, A, of the
hollow handle, C, forming a reservoir, i, the pipe, D, leg, l, and set
screw, H, or equivalent, arrranged and operating substantially in the
manner and for the purpose set forth.

2d, Also, in combination therewith, the pipe, E, provided with burner,
e, cone, G, and stop-cock, F, arranged and operating substantially as
specified.

72,048.--BOOT AND SHOE.--William Keats, and John Keats, Street, England.

We claim the construction of coverings for the feet, substantially
hereinbefore set forth, that is so say, with the sole cut at the edge,
and sewed to the edge of the upper while turned outward, substantially
as described.

72,049.--MUFF.--M.A. King, New York city.

I claim a muff provided with the skeleton spring frame B, made in
sections, for the purpose of sustaining its cylindrical form, and
adapting it for use as a reticule or pocket, substantially as shown and
described.

72,050.--HORSE HAY FORK.--Alfred Knapp, North Fairfield, Ohio.

I claim the hinged chisel, c, in combination with the main piece, A,
rod, B, brace piece, G, and holder, D, constructed substantially as
described, and for the purposes set forth.

72,051.--FIFTH WHEEL FOR CARRIAGES.--Joshua Lawrence, Palmyra, N.Y.

I claim the combination of the housings, a a, inclosing the rollers, b
b, with the bows, G H, the whole conducted and arranged as described,
and operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

72,052.--WASHING-MACHINE.--J.Q. Leffingwell, Nevada, Iowa.

I claim the combination of the semi-cylindrical box, D, segment, W,
pinion

P, parts, m m', lever, H, and ribs, r, as herein described, for the
purpose specified.

72,053.--DOOR-FASTENER.--Francis C. Levaliey, Warnerville, N.Y.

I claim the sliding wedge bolt, F, in combination with the sliding
spring catch, K, and cases, E J, as herein described, for the purpose
specified.

72,054.--CONDENSING ENGINE.--William A. Lighthall, New York city.

I claim the arrangement of the ordinary jet condenser, B, air pump, D,
and hot well, E, with the surface condenser, F, and the valves, H K, and
L, as shown and described, so that the change from the use of the jet
condenser can be made at will, and _vice versa_,

73,055.--MACHINE FOR FORMING AND TEMPERING ELLIPTIC SPRINGS.--Geo. S.
Long, Bridgeport, Ct.

I claim, 1st, A steel spring former, substantially as shown and
described, and for the purposes set forth.

2d, The vibrating rod, B, and shoe, f', and any former, F, in
combination with the slotted wheel, W, and roller, W', substantially as
shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.

3d, The hollow shaft, s', and roller, W, in combination with the binder
or presser, D, substantially as shown and described, and for the
purposes set forth.

4th, The sliding crank pin, p, in combination with the slotted wheel, W,
and slotted vibrating rod, B, substantially as shown and described, and
for the purposes set forth.

72,056.--FURNACE FOR HOT AIR BLAST.--Richard Long, Chillicothe, Ohio.

I claim, 1st, Constructing the air pipe of a furnace-blast heater of
fire clay, substantially as described.

2d, Constructing the air pipe of an oval or other equivalent form, and
uniting the sections of which it is composed by socket joints, with
clumps and keys, substantially as shown and described.

3d, Forming the supporting walls, B, of firebrick, with iron plates
between the courses, substantially as shown and described,

4th, Placing an open or a solid plate beneath the air pipe,
substantially as and for the purposes herein described.

72,057.--CLOTHES RACK.--Eugene F. Lyman, Indianapolis, Ind.

I claim the combination and arrangement of the semi-circular racks G and
H, the arms, f and c, the sockets and staples for the arms, and the box,
A B C D, all operating substantially as and for the purpose specified.

72,058.--CENTER BOARD FOR VESSELS.--E. J. McFarlin, San Francisco, Cal.

I claim the location of the center boards, or other equivalent devices
for the same specific purpose, in the extreme bow and stern of vessels,
that is to say, the placing of the said boards forward of the foremast
or aft of the mainmast, in two masted vessels, and forward of
the foremast and aft of the mizzen mast in three masted vessels,
substantially as shown and described, and for the objects and purposes
specified.

72,059.--REGISTER POINTS FOR PRINTING PRESS.--E. W. McGowan, New York
city.

I claim, 1st, The pivoted or jointed pointer, B, having a spring or
equivalent weight attached, and arranged to operate in the manner
substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2d, The tube, A, provided with the slotted cap plate, b, and the nut, C,
when used in connection with the pointer, for the purpose specified.

72,060.--ROOFING.--Orville Manly, Garrettsville, Ohio.

I claim, 1st, a roof composed of tiles, a and b, having spaces, S,
between them for a water tight cement, substantially as shown and
described, and for the purposes set forth.

2d, The saturated tiles, a, and the saturated tiles, b, substantially as
shown and described, and for the purposes set forth.

3d, The lower or outer row of tiles, b, when laid together, forming an
eaves trough, substantially as shown and described, and for the purpose
set forth.

72,061.--REFINING CAST IRON AND CONVERTING IT INTO STEEL.--Emile Martin
and Pierre E. Martin, Paris, France.

We claim the method and means for refining and converting cast iron
into cast steel and other metals, substantially as herein shown and
described.

72,062.--STRAW CUTTER.--John W. Mauzy, Richmond, and James Hughes,
Cambridge, Ind., assignor to James Hughes.

We claim, 1st, The combination of the side pieces, D D, constructed
as described, containing the bearings for the cutting mechanism, the
shearing bar, B, with square faces, and the spirally bladed knife, C,
arranged substantially as described.

2d, The combination of the perforated rollers, E, ratchet wheels, F,
pawls, H1, i add R, adjustable oscillating arm, G1, eccentric rod, L,
and eccentric, M, respectively, constructed and arranged substantially
as set forth.

3d, The arrangement of the cap, G, rollers, E E, covers, Q, sides
pieces, D D, knife, C, and the driving and the feed mechanism,
constructed and combined substantially as set forth.

4th, The feed rollers E, when constructed from sheet metal, and punched
from the inside, forming projections as shown, for feeding the straw to
the knife.

5th, The metallic side pieces, D D, constructed as described, in
combination with the bar, B, knife, C, feed rollers, E E, arranged
substantially as set forth.

6th, The combination of the eccentric, M, on the knife shaft, eccentric
rod, L, and oscillating arm, G1, when the latter are so arranged as to
regulate the cut by adjusting the point of attachment, substantially in
the manner set forth.

72,063.--CONVERTIBLE SHOT GUN AND RIFLE.--Samuel McCulloch, Yellow
Springs, Ohio.

I claim, 1st, The removable barrel, C, constructed with external
collars, c, and secured within a shot gun barrel, A, by a screw, D,
substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

2d, Also the plug, F, for the purposes set forth.

72,064.--DERRICK.--D. J. McDonald, Gold Hill, Nevada.

I claim, 1st, The derrick standard, L, and frame, K, fitted in the
derrick frame, J, and arranged as shown, for the ready adjustment of the
standard, L.

2d, The fitting of the derrick frame, J, on the wagon frame, as shown,
to wit by means of the circular plate, D, frame, F, and circular plate,
G, with the wheel, E, and pinion, Y, to admit of the ready turning of
the derrick, as set forth.

3d, The supports, D, provided with screws, a, and attached to the frame,
B as shown, in connection with the levels, b, in platform, C, for the
purpose of levelling the device, substantially as described.

4th, The angular platform, C, applied to the wagon, A, when used in
combination with a revolving derrick frame, J, substantially as and for
the purpose specified.

72,065.--AUGERS.--John A. McGee (assignor to Theodore Mace), New York
city.

I claim the boring instrument formed with a cutting edge extending
outwardly from the base of the tapering screw, and curved backwards and
downwards until it intersects the periphery of the tool, as and for the
purposes set forth.

72,066.--DRY DOCK.--Israel J. Merritt, New York city.

I claim, 1st, The arrangement and combination with a floating section or
dock, A, of one or more wells, through which a lifting chain or chains
are passed down to the vessel or object to be raised, substantially as
described.

2d, The arrangement and combination of the lever, J, with the floating
dock or section, A, and chain or chains, C, substantially as described.

3d, The shape of the well, B, the same being made flaring from its top
downwards, so as to allow the chains to go or be conducted from the
mouth of the well directly towards the vessel or object to be raised,
substantially as shown.

72,067.--KNIFE AND FORK CLEANER.--John Merritt, New York city.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the circular disks, D, leather or
equivalent rubbers, K, shaft, A, holding plates, E E', adjusting nut,
G, and adjusting screw, I, with each other and with the box, B,
substantially as herein shown and described, and for the purpose set
forth.

2d, The combination of the friction wheel, O, brush, N, and shaft, L,
with each other, and with the disk, D, and box, B, substantially as
herein shown and described, and for the purpose set forth.

3d, The combination of the lever, M, spring, P, and hook, R, with the
brush shaft, L, and box, B, substantially as herein shown and described,
and for the purpose set forth.

72,068.--MANUFACTURE OF LAMP BLACK.--A. Millochan, New York city,
assignor to R.N. Perlee, Jersey City, N.J.

I claim the method herein specified of manufacturing lamp black by
condensing the carbonaceous vapors upon a surface directly over the
flame, that is constantly kept sufficiently cool by artificial means.

72,069.--CAR BRAKE.--James Mitchell, La Porte, Ind.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the lever, A, rod, B, lever, C, pawls,
D and D1, spring, D2, and ratchet wheel, E, substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.

2d, The combination of the shaft, E3, collar, R, arm, R', collar, S, and
shaft, I, substantially as set forth.

3d, The combination of the shaft, I, spiral collar, U, lever, T, and
arm, R, for disengaging the brakes, substantially as set forth.

4th, The combination of the ratchet bar, P, with the inclined face, P1,
and catch lever, G, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

5th, The combination of the ratchet bar, P, with its shoulder, P2, and
the lever, T, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

72,070.--AUTOMATIC TABLE FOR TEACHING.--Hannah Munson, Rockford, Ill.,
administratrix of the estate of Wm. C. Munson, deceased.

I claim the combination of the frame, A, with its pivoted pointers, C C,
and hooks, e e, and movable bars, B B, with pointers and charts, D, as
constructed, the whole being arranged and used substantially as and for
the purpose specified.

72,071.--HYDRANT.--John G. Murdock, Cincinnati, Ohio.

I claim, 1st, The hollow plunger, E, having the interior valve, I, and
sleeve packing, F, which respectively close and encircle the supply and
waste pipe, B, as and for the purpose set forth.

2d, In combination with the supply and waste pipe, B, and valve, I, the
vertically adjustable hollow plunger, E, for the object stated.

3d, The adjustable shoulder or lock nut, J, in combination and
arrangement with the elements, B, D, I and E.

4th, The arrangement of internally packed plunger, E, which surrounds
and packs a vertical supply pipe, B, having one or more waste ways,
D, and being enclosed within and guided by a cup, C, substantially as
described.

72,072.--CLEANER FOR LAMP CHIMNEYS.--R.B. Musson, Champaign, Ill.

I claim a cleaner for lamp chimneys, bottles, and other articles of a
similar character, consisting of strips of rubber, or other soft elastic
substance, secure to a holder, and arranged in manner and for the
purposes substantially above set forth and described.

72,073.--BOOT AND SHOE HEEL.--Erastus Newhall, Lynn, assignor to himself
and John R. Moffitt, Chelsea, Mass.

I claim a heel made with a circular thread and a corresponding seat,
when one or both of the two parts are made of elastic material, and are
united substantially as described.

72,074.--PORTABLE HOT AIR CONDUCTOR.--John B. Oldershaw, Baltimore, Md.

I claim a portable hot air receiver and conductor, constructed, arranged
and operating in connection with a stove, for the purpose of heating
apartments above it, substantially as described.

72,075.--VINE HOLDER.--Garret J. Olendorf and Albert O. Parshall,
Middlefield, N.Y.

We claim, 1st, The frame, A, constructed as described and set forth, for
the purpose specified.

2d. The cord, B, combined with and supported by frame, A, as described
and set forth, for the purpose specified.

72,076.--BREECH-LOADING FIRE-ARMS.--Henry O. Peabody (assignor to the
Providence Tool Company), Providence, R.I.

I claim combining the breech block, A, hinged at its posterior
extremity, and operating as described, with the hammer, D, by means of
the protuberant inclined plane, C, or its equivalent, substantially as
described for the purposes specified.

72,077.--RAILWAY CROSSINGS.--Stanhope Perkins, Fairfield, England.

I claim forming the points or V-parts of crossings, without splice, by
bending the rail, prepared as above described, back upon itself, and
securing the abutting parts in the manner and for the purpose above set
forth.

72,078.--MANUFACTURE OF LAMP BLACK.--R.N. Perlee, Jersey City, N.J.

I claim the method herein specified of manufacturing lamp black, by
introducing atmospheric air to the flame, by artificial means, for the
purposes set forth.

72,079.--AXLE BOX.--Henry B. Pitner, La Porte, Ind.

I claim, 1st, An axle box, substantially as shown and described, and for
the purpose set forth.

2d, The sleeve or thimble, A, in combination with the end pieces, B,
substantially as shown and described, and for the purposes set forth.

3d, The shoulder, a1, and the shoulder, a2, in combination with the
sleeve A, and end pieces, B, substantially as shown and described, and
for the purposes set forth.

72,080.--RAILWAY CHAIR.--Leander Pollock, (assignor to himself and John
P. Schenck, Jr.), Matteawan, N.Y.

I claim 1st, A railroad-chair which is divided by an inclined line drawn
through the base, into two parts, A and B, each part carrying one of the
cheeks, and all made and operating substantially as herein shown and
described.

2d, Interposing an elastic plate, g, between the edge of the upper base,
d, and the stationary cheek, a, substantially as and for the purpose
herein shown and described.

72,081.--VENTILATING HAY-MOWS.--Geo. Race, Norwich, N.Y.

I claim making vertical perforated pipes, having lateral branches
extending out from the main pipe for the purpose of ventilating
hay-mows, and stacks of hay or grain, substantially as herein set forth.

72,082.--PNEUMATIC CAR.--Louis Ransom, Lansingburg, N.Y.

I claim in combination with a pneumatic car, a series of metal cylinders
for containing compressed air, the said cylinders being connected by
pipes, so as to form one common reservoir substantially as described.

2d, I also claim the combination, with a stove for warming the car, or
other heating apparatus, a conducting pipe, for the compressed air, so
located with reference to the stove or other heating apparatus that the
compressed air in passing through it will become heated, and have its
expansive power increased thereby, substantially as described.

3d, I also claim the compound flexible pipe, constructed substantially
as described.

4th, I also claim the muffler, D, for the purpose of deadening the sound
of the escaping air as described.

72,083.--MACHINE FOR SHARPENING SAWS.--E.B. Rich, (assignor to himself
and Andre Cashing), Boston, Mass.

I claim the sliding holder, B. and adjustable rail, C, in combination
with the grinding wheel, D, constructed and arranged to operate as
herein described, for the purpose specified.

72.084.--AUTOMATIC REGISTER.--J.T. Buckley, Ottawa, Ill. administrator
of the estate of Stephen Rigler, deceased.

I claim 1st, Operating a register slide so as to regulate the
temperature of apartments, by means of a column of mercury within a
tube, which is arranged within the register itself and acts upon said
slide through the means substantially as described.

2d, The combination of an index hand, B, with a register arranged and
operated by a column of mercury within a tube, which is arranged within
the register itself, substantially as described.

3d, The combination with a circular turning register slide, B, of
mercury pipe, G', piston rod, g1, cross head, g, toothed lever, F,
spur wheel, d, and shaft, b, arranged, constructed and operating
substantially as described.

72,085.--SHOVEL PLOW, CULTIVATOR, ETC.--P.A. Ross, Harveys, Pa.

I claim 1st, The combination of the notched rack, E, and removable pin,
F, with the pivoted or rocking cross-bar, C, and slotted standard, B,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.

2d, Connecting the forward ends of the handles, D, to the beam, A, by
means of the hook or eye-bolt, G, and pivoted bar or plate, H, when used
in connection with the pivoted or rocking cross bar, C, and pin, F,
substantially as herein shown and described and for the purpose set
forth.

72,086.--FENCE POST.--Robert Ramsey, New Wilmington, Pa.

I claim the fence-post, P P' P", having dove-tail gains at its lower
end, in combination with the parallel slits, A A', and the keys, e e e
e, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth.

72,087.--CHURN.--J.A. Rowley, Vanceburg, Ky.

I claim the arrangement substantially as described of the driving wheel,
C, shafts, c c', spring, D, notched bracket, E e. and friction pulley, F
G, for the purpose of imparting a rotary motion to the dasher shaft, f,
in the manner herein described and set forth.

72,088.--STEAM TRAP.--David Saunders, Brooklyn, N.Y. assignor to Jos.
Nason & Co., New York city.

I claim 1st, The arrangement of the central part, C, of the cover and
main cover, B, substantially as herein set forth.

2d, The arrangement of the stop-joint between the floating part and
the fixed part of the apparatus, whereby to avoid the clogging by
accumulations of dirt as specified.

3d, The arrangement of the tubes E and H, the tube, H, being mounted
upon the floating part, substantially as herein specified.

72,089.--DOOR SPRING.--Rudolph Schrader, Indianapolis, Ind.

I claim 1st, The door-spring, constructed as described, consisting of
the hollow socket, F, placed over the square shank of the door arm: and
provided with the right angular arm, J, sleeve, E, to which the inner
end of the coiled spring, D, is securely fastened, fitting at or
alternating upon the socket, F, and provided with the right angular arm,
I, resting against the post, H, in the case, A, the free end, G, of the
spring resting against the opposite side of said post, all operating as
described for the purpose specified.

2d, The spring, D, operated by means of the right angular arm, J, of the
hollow shank, F, engaging with the outer end, G, of the spring when the
door moves in one direction, and when moving in the opposite direction
engaging with the arm, I, of the sleeve, E, to which the inner end
of the spring is secured substantially as described for the purpose
specified.

3d, The combination and arrangement within the case, A, of the spring,
D, hollow socket, F, having arm, J, sleeve, E, having arm, I, post, H,
and hook, G, operating as described for the purpose specified.

72,090.--POLE COUPLING FOR VEHICLES.--Anson Searls, N.Y. city.

I claim the circular joints, B B, and the arrangement of the ratchet
teeth, K K, springs, D D, and bolts, E E, in combination with the arm,
A, substantially as described and for the purposes set forth.

72,091.--CARRIAGE.--Anson Searls, San Francisco, Cal.

I claim, 1st, The axle composed of the steel bars, d and g, attached, as
herein described.

2d, The clip b, passing around under the axle, with its ends fastened
to the plate a, on the rocker, both before and behind the axle,
substantially as described.

72,092.--STEAM ENGINE.--George Shale, Taunton, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The steam-chest, B, constructed with the chambers, gh,
and partition, p, in combination with the steam and exhaust pipes, and
cylinder, a, substantially as described.

2d, The valve-rods, i i', provided with the recesses or chambers, k k,
in combination with the partition, p, constructed as described, and
operated by the lever, l, as and for the purpose set forth.

72,093.--FERRULE.--Archibald Shaw, Philadelphia, Pa.

I claim a ferrule, provided internally, or at its inner side, with
oblique spurs or projections, substantially as and for the purpose
specified.

72,094.--FENCE POST.--Warren H. Shay, Sylvania, Ohio.

I claim the plank standards, B B, joined by the pins, a a, the braces, A
A, and the cross-piece, C, combined and secured by the dove-tail tenons,
o b, the gib and key, c d, and the keys, g g, substantially as and for
the purpose herein shown and described.

72,095.--TABULAR HEATER.--C.J.Shepard, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The combination of the grate, E, ash-pit, D, and
combustion-chamber, C, with the slide-valve, I, for the purposes
indicated.

2d, The slide-valve at the junction of the upper and under front flue,
for the purposes described.

3d, The upper front flue covered externally with a non-conducting lining
as a portion of the combustion-chamber.

4th, The corrugated tubular externally-flanged chamber, provided with an
incombustible termination, constructed and operating substantially as
shown for the purposes pointed out.

5th, A semi-cylindrical reverberating chamber of combustion, when
combined with a flue and a series of tubes, for the purposes specified.

6th, A feeding-chamber in combination with an arched chamber of
combustion and the abutments for properly distributing the fuel upon the
grate.

7th, Constructing the bed-plate or grate-plate in such a manner that the
same shall form a support for the grate and brick-work of the chamber of
combustion, as well as the bed of the front flue.

8th, The division-plate, in combination with a series of tubes, for the
purposes fully described.

72,096.--WINDOW-SASH SUPPORTER.--J.W.Simpson, Newark, N.J.

I claim the lever, d, and wedge, b, constructed, combined, and operated
substantially in the manner and for the purpose hereinabove set forth.

Also, the socket, m, with its ratch, n, and the catch, i, on the lever,
d, in combination with the lever and wedge, in the manner and for the
purpose specified.

72,097.--STAKE-HOLDER FOR RAILROAD CARS.--Thomas A. Slack, Peoria
county, Ill.

I claim the combination of revolving staple, stakes, and divisional
"coal sides." as described and for the purpose set forth.

72,098.--EXCAVATOR.--Benjamin Slusser, Sidney, Ohio, assignor to himself
and Elias M. Gluck, same place.

I claim, 1st, The method of elevating or adjusting the plough of an
excavator by the rotary motion of the forward axle, derived from the
forward wheels by means of the clutches, a' a', substantially as and for
the purposes set forth.

2d, In combination with the above, the plough, P, racks, r r, and
pinion, a, when the latter is fixed to the axle, and operates to raise
the plough by power derived from the axle, substantially as and for the
purpose specified.

3d, The combination of the rocking cart, C, gear, e e'e", apron, B, and
plough, P, when the parts are so constructed and arranged that by the
raising or depressing of the plough, the wheels, e e', shall be
thrown into or out of gear, and the apron put in motion or stopped,
substantially as and for the purpose specified.

4th. The combination of the looped rods, w w w, with the arms, v v v,
doors, m m' m", and lever, 1", substantially as and for the purpose
specified.

5th, The lips or projections, o o, of the doors, m m' m", substantially
as and for the purposes set forth.

6th. The combination of the rod, u, lever, l', spring, s, trigger,
n, doors, m m' m", having the lips, o o o, rod, y', and hook, y,
substantially as and for the purposes specified.

72,099.--AUGER HANDLE.--Daniel Y. Smith, Joliet, Ill.

I claim the combination of the ferrule, a, with the annular nut, e, and
flat spring, c, when constructed and arranged as and for the purposes
set forth.

72,100.--MACHINE FOR SHARPENING SAWS.--J.B.Smith, Milwaukee, Wis.

I claim cutter, B, gauge, E, and adjustable cone-mandrel, D, in
combination, substantially as and for the purpose described.

72,101.--RAISING OILS AND BURNING-FLUIDS BY PNEUMATIC PRESSURE.--John
Henry Smith, Allegheny city, Pa.

I claim raising, by pneumatic pressure, oils or burning-fluids from an
oil or fluid compartment of a ship or other vessel, and mixing with said
oil and fluid the gas generated therefrom, as herein described and set
forth.

Also, the combination and arrangement of the pipes, A B C f and f', when
used in connection with the oil or fluid compartment, R, of a ship or
other vessel, the whole being constructed, arranged, and operating
substantially in the manner hereon described and set forth.

Also, in connection with the above, ejecting fine jets of water into the
flame, caused by the burning of the oil or fluid and other matter mixed
therewith, as herein described and set forth.

72,102.--SHIP FOR TRANSPORTING PETROLEUM.--John H. Smith, Allegheny
city, Pa.

I claim, providing the hulls of ships and other vessels with a
compartment for oils and burning fluids, said compartment being
protected with water, and furnished with supply and discharge pipes,
substantially as herein described and for the purpose set forth.

72,103.--DEVICE FOR SHEARING AND CLIPPING WOOL.--R.T.Smith and
J.K.Priest, Nashua, N.H.

I claim, 1st, The revolving spring cutter or cutters, O, in connection
with a cutter-plate.

2d, The open cutter-plate, P.

3d, The shield, N, in connection with the cylinder, C, covering shaft,
M, and extending into groove, g, substantially in the manner and for the
purpose herein described.

72,104.--CORN PLOUGH.--John Snyder, Williamsfield, Ohio.

I claim the combination of the tongue, H, strap, L, and upright, K, with
the forward end of the central beam, A, substantially as herein shown
and described, and for the purpose set forth.

72,105.--BOOT-HEEL POLISHER.--V.K.Spear, Lynn, Mass.

I claim, 1st, The reciprocating polisher, moving in the line of an arc
of a circle, by means of mechanism substantially as herein described,
and having an elastic bearing, as and for the purpose set forth.

2d, In combination with a reciprocating polisher, substantially as
described, I claim the pivoted sliding frame to support the boot or shoe
constructed, arranged, and operating substantially as set forth.

72,106.--MEANS FOR PROPELLING VESSELS.--Robt.R. Spedden and Daniel F.
Stafford, Astoria, Oregon.

We claim, 1st, The combination of the rack-frame, K, racks, I and J, and
ratchet wheel, H, with each other and with a shaft, D, for the purpose
of applying power to said shaft, substantially as herein shown and
described.

2d, The combination of the stationary post, O, pitman, N, rocking-post,
M, and adjusting slide, L, with each other, with the rack frame, K, and
with the hinged parts of a vessel or other structure, one or both of
said hinged parts floating in the water, so as to be acted upon by the
motion of the waves, substantially as herein shown and described.

72,107.--CULTIVATOR.--C.E.Steller, Chicago, Ill.

I claim, 1st, The hinged runners, J W, substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.

2d, The slotted sides, A A and B B, in combination with the shanks, C D
E, arranged to be set at different angles, and fastened by set-screws, Z
Z, as described.

3d, The combination of the guide-bar, E, arranged to be raised and
lowered, with rear standards, H H, and sides, A A B B, as described.

4th, The combination of standards, G G, hinged runners, J W, and sides,
A A B B, as set forth.

5th, The shanks, U, of shovel, T, arranged to fit in a socket, V, and
bar, S, in combination with standards, G G, and cross-bar, I, as and for
the purpose set forth.

6th, The double evener, L, arranged substantially as set forth.

7th, The double evener, L, in combination with braces, O O and P P, with
or without braces, Y, substantially as set forth.

72,108.--EYE CUP.--Benj. F. Stephens, Brooklyn, N.Y.

I claim a pair of bowls, united by tubes or necks to an exhaustion-bag
or ball, as and for the purposes set forth.

72,109.--HARVESTER RAKE.--Edward Stewart, Fort Madison, Iowa.

I claim the arrangement of the shafts, D E and G, with their respective
wheels, crank, I, and pitman, J, with its dividing end, J', connecting
the arms, e e, upon the box, K', at the end of shaft, K, the whole
constructed and operating substantially as and for the purposes
specified.

72,110.--STREET PAVEMENT.--H. M. Stow, San Francisco, Cal.

I claim, 1st, A wooden pavement, composed of alternate tiers of
square-ended and wedge-shaped blocks, the wedge-shaped ends of the
latter being driven down into a foundation-bed of sand or earth,
substantially as and for the purpose described.

2d, A wooden pavement, composed of blocks with lower ends wedge-formed,
and all driven down into a foundation-bed of sand or earth,
substantially as shown and described.

72,111.--STREET PAVEMENT.--H. M. Stow, San Francisco, Cal.

I claim, 1st, The cast iron plates, with projecting wedge-shaped flanges
to be driven into the sand or earth, substantially as and for the
purpose set forth.

2d, Also, a pavement composed of alternate tiers of cast iron plates,
with projecting wedge-shaped flanges and wedge-shaped wooden blocks,
driven into the sand and earth, substantially as described.

72,112.--WASHING MACHINE.--John D Swartz, Milton, Pa

I claim, 1st, The slotted aims, g, bearing the shaft, D, and rubber, C,
when such arms are connected at their lower ends by the slotted bar, E,
through which the spring, G, passes as herein described for the purpose
specified.

2d, The combination of the semi-circular rubber, C, slotted arms, g,
shaft, D, slotted cross-bar, E, spirally grooved rollers, d, in the
curved frames, B, the spring, G, and rack, H, as herein described for
the purpose specified.

72,113.--PORTABLE FENCE.--G. D. Sweigert, Martic township, Pa., assignor
to himself, John Sweigert and Felix W. Sweigert.

I claim a portable fence, combined of round wrought-iron posts, C,
bed-plate, A, rails, B, scarfed, and applied with intervening ferrules,
D, head and bottom washers, F, all arranged in the manner and for the
purpose specified.

72,114.--VARIABLE CRANK FOR BORING MACHINE.--G. C. Taft, Worcester,
Mass., assignor to Theodore Mace, Sing Sing, N.Y.

I claim the two variable cranks, constructed as specified, and applied
in the manner shown, to the shaft or axis of the boring machine, as and
for the purposes set forth.

72,115.--ROTARY TAKE-UP FOR KNITTING MACHINE.--James Teachout,
Waterford, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The stationary scroll plate, C, placed over the center of
motion of take-up of knitting machines, for the purpose described.

2d, Also, in combination with the scroll plate, C, the toothed gear, D,
for the purpose herein set forth.

3d, Also, the toothed wheel, D, or its equivalent, either separately, or
combined with the described appendages e i g i K, arranged as shown and
described as operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose
specified.

4th, Also, in combination with the above, the adjustable gear, s, and
concentric gears, s', for the purpose described.

72,116.--KNITTING MACHINE.--James Teachout, Waterford, N.Y.

I claim 1st, Forming the "jacks" or loop-lifters, B, with a projecting
are, f, and depressed arc, g, for the purposes set forth.

2d, n combination with the arc, f, and arch, g, the rounded end, as
shown and described.

3d, In combination with the described knitting jacks, a retaining hub or
device, constructed and arranged as shown and described.

72117,--KNITTING MACHINE--James Teachout, Waterford, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The vertically adjustable collars or rings, G and H, for
the purposes described.

2d, In combination with the collars, G and H, the partitions or wings,
k, and groove, l, as set forth.

3d, In combination with the adjustable collars, G and H, wings, k, and
groove, l, the "jacks" or lifters, M, formed as shown and described, for
the purpose specified.

72,118.--MANUFACTURING ILLUMINATING GAS.--J. B. Terry, Hartford, Conn.

I claim, 1st, The method herein described of heating air charged with
hydrocarbon vapor, so as to render it non-condensable previous to its
delivery as an illuminating gas, for the purposes set forth.

2d, The employment of a retort or other heating medium interposed
between the carbureter and gas holder or other gas-delivering or
gas-burning device, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.

3d, The employment of one or more burners under the retort or vessel,
for the purpose of heating the same under the arrangement herein shown
and described.

4th, The combination, with the carbureting vessel and intermediate
heater, of a jacket under or around the sand carbureter, and a flue
connecting the jacket with said heater, substantially in the manner and
for the purposes set forth.

72,119.--LOOMS.--S. T. Thomas and J. H. Dolley, Guildford, N.H.

We claim, in combination with the lever, g, arranged to operate as set
forth, the incline, n, or its equivalent, for relieving the picker from
the action of the spring, i, to permit free movement of the shuttle
boxes, substantially as set forth.

72,120.--GATE.--John W. Thompson, Greenfield, Mass.

I claim a gate, made of metallic tubing and connections, substantially
as herein set forth and described.

72,121.--TAIL-PIECE FOR VIOLINS.--James Thoms, South Boston, Mass.

I claim applying a winch to the tail-piece of a violin, substantially as
and for the purpose herein shown and described.

72,122.--FOLDING BEDSTEAD AND CRIB.--R. S. Titcomb, Gloversville, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, A folding bedstead or crib, substantially as shown and
described, and for the purpose set forth.

2d, a rotating bedding-box, A, in combination with the head and
foot-boards of a bedstead or crib, substantially as shown and described,
and for the purpose set forth.

3d, Folding head and foot-boards, composed of the parts, F and C,
substantially as shown and described, and for the purposes set forth.

4th, The swinging sides, A', in combination with the box, A, and the
head and foot-boards, F C, substantially as shown and described, and for
the purposes set forth.

72,123.--STEAM ENGINE.--J. F. Troxel, Bloomsville, Ohio.

I claim, 1st, The construction of the oscillating valve, T, and
arrangement of the openings, S P P', and R, substantially as shown and
described.

2d, Also the arrangement of the piston rods, K and L, operating in one
and the same end of the cylinder, substantially as shown and described.

72,124.--WARDROBE.--Nathan Turner, West Lynn, Mass.

I claim a convertible wardrobe, closet, or bookcase, with swinging
or folding sides, C, and swinging or folding top, A, and bottom, B,
substantially as described and for the purpose set forth.

72,125.--APPARATUS FOR DISTILLING OILS.--Herbert W.C. Tweddle,
Pittsburg, Pa

I claim, 1st, A trough or troughs, having perforations for the passage
of the oil in small quantities and furnished with points near to such
perforations, so as to cause the oil to pass therefrom in drops, or fine
streams, or thin films or layers, over heated pipes or tubes placed
thereunder, when used within a vacuum still, for the purposes
substantially as described.

2d, In a vacuum still for distilling oil, the use of a series or coil
of steam pipe, placed horizontally, one under another, as a series of
evaporating surfaces, substantially as and for the purposes above set
forth.

3d, In a vacuum still for distilling oil, a series or coil of steam jet
pipes, e, in combination with a series or coil of evaporating pipes, a,
substantially as and for the purposes above set forth.

4th, Combining together a series of apparatus, such as hereinbefore
described, for the purpose of procuring a continuous distillation
of petroleum, each member of a series consisting of a vacuum still
containing a coil of steam pipe as evaporating surfaces, and troughs
for the gradual distillation of the oil, in combination with suitable
condensing apparatus, substantially as and and for the purposes
hereinbefore set forth.

5th, A vacuum residnum receiver D, connected to and in combination with
a vacuum still, or a battery of such stills, substantially in the manner
and for the purposes above set forth.

72,126.--DISTILLING HYDROCARBON OILS.--Herbert W. C. Tweddle, Pittsburg,
Pa.

I claim, 1st, In distilling hydrocarbon oils, vaporizing the oil by
causing it to flow in a thin film or layer over the surfaces of a series
of heated pipes in a vacuum still, with or without the application of
superheated steam, substantially as above described.

2d, The application of the process of distillation, hereinbefore
described, to the re-distillation of fire-distilled oils, for the
purpose of producing an oil similar to the refined oil of commerce,
substantially as above set forth.

3d, Securing a continuous and complete distillation of hydrocarbon oils
by causing the oil to flow over the surfaces of a succession of heated
pipes in different vacuum stills, the temperature of such pipes
increasing in each successive still, so as to drive off at first more
volatile ingredients, and then those less so, and so on till only the
residuum remains, substantially as hereinbefore described.

72,127.--GRAIN DRILL.--Joseph G. Yale, Cumberland Co, Pa.

I claim the quarti-elliptical shovel, B, with its base, E E', coming to
a point at E, the rod, C, the rod, H, with thereon the balls, D and D',
together with the funnel, A, all constructed and operating in the manner
and for the purpose described.

72,128.--WINDOW-SASH STOP.--George R. Vanderbilt (assigner to himself,
J. J. Lindstrom, and D. W. Stidolph), Mount Vernon, N.Y.

I claim, 1st, The two clamping plates, and the tightening bolt, combined
and operated substantially as and for the purpose specified.

2d, The springs, arranged in relation to the plates, c d, substantially
as and for the purpose specified.

72,129.--MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.--George W. van Dusen, Williamsburg, N.Y.

I claim the combination and arrangement of lever, V, with finger piece,
Y, at one end and stud, b, at the other valve, G, and air passage, E,
closed by a flexible diaphragm, K, substantially as herein described,
and for the purpose of producing, by means of air, an action upon any
suitable sound-producing mechanism through the movement of a sheet or
strip perforated, or in any other eqivalent manner prepared.

72,130.--WATER INDICATOR FOR BOILERS.--Andreas Vang, Chicago, Ill.

I claim the arrangement of the globe, a, arm, b, cylinder, c, indicator,
f, and whistle, g, substantially as herein set forth.

72,131.--HORSE HAY FORK.--Oliver Vanorman, Ripon, Wis.

I claim the arrangement of the fork heads, B B', in the frame, A, and
with the arms, C C', rollers, e e, and cords, D D, as and for the
purpose set forth.

72,132.--WASHING MACHINE.--Lewis Vaughan, Rapids, O.

I claim the adjustable bottom, B, and spring lever, I, as arranged
in combination with the roller, C, in the manner substantially as
described.

72,133.--HAY RAKER AND LOADER.--Albert Vose, Pittsfield, assignor to
himself and Ambros S. Vose, Randolph, Vt.

I claim, 1st, the fork arm, b, hinged or pivoted to the frame in line
with the axle, and operated by means of friction blocks, as described.

2d, The friction blocks, d, in combination with fork arm, b, and
eccentric levers, e, arranged as described.

3d, The fork arms, b, in combination with the freely-swiveling fork bar,
o, operated as described.

4th, The forks, q, pivoted in swiveling bar, o, and operated by means of
levers, v, and rods, cords, or chains, substantially as described.

5th, The levers, v, mounted on fork bars or arms, b, in combination with
the fork, q, substantially as described.

6th, The combination of forks, q, spring, t, chains, w, and levers, v,
with the fork arm, b, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

7th, The means for opening and closing the lifting forks in combination
with a means for operating the friction blocks, or their equivalent,
whereby they are operated simultaneously, as described.

8th, The lever, e, for closing the forks and applying the friction
blocks, as described, in combition with the arms, g, for releasing the
same as described.

9th, The extension, x, of the pivoted fork bars, b, in combination with
cords or chains, 5, operating as described.

10th, The curved or semicircular rake head, or its equivalent,
arranged in rear of and operated in connection with the lifting fork,
substantially as described.

72,134.--WASHING MACHINE.--George E. Wade, Jefferson City, Mo.

I claim the lever, M, the spiral metal plate, F, the wash boards, A and
B, corrugated as shown, and the springs, c c' c". In combination with a
common wash tub, when constructed, arranged, and operating substantially
as shown and specified.

72,135.--BOLT AND RIVET MACHINE.--John Wakefield, Birmingham, England,
assignor to Isaac Smith and William Fothergill Bartho.

I claim, 1st, the arrangement or combination, substantially as
hereinbefore described, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, of
the vertical dies, b b, for cutting off and carrying the cut-off
length of rod, and for shaping the head of the rivet or bolt, with the
horizontal punch or die, m, for shaping the shank of the rivet or bolt,
and upsetting the end of the rivet or bolt into a head in the vertical
dies.

2d, The arrangement or combination of parts hereinbefore described, and
illustrated in the accompanying drawings, for giving motion to the said
vertical dies, b b, and horizontal punch or die, m.

3d, The arrangement or combination of parts hereinbefore described and
illustrated in the accompanying drawings, for removing the finished
rivet or bolt from the horizontal punch or die.

72,136.--EGG BEATER.--Dudley Webster, Washington, D. C.

I claim as a new article of manufacture an egg-beater spoon, constructed
as described, viz., with its circumference and the edges of an inner
central opening serrated as and for the purpose described.

72,137.--BRICK MACHINE.--P.V.Westfall, Kalamazoo, Mich.

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